Monthly Archives: June 2011

On This Day in History June 30

June 30 – Events:

  • 350 – Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome.
  • 1422 – Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.
  • 1520 – The Spaniards are expelled from Tenochtitlan.
  • 1559 – King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de  Montgomery.
  • 1651 – The Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.
  • 1688 – The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, beginning the struggle for English independence from Rome which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Domstadtl.
  • 1805 – The U.S. Congress organizes Michigan Territory.
  • 1859 – French acrobat Charles Blondin crosses Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
  • 1860 – Historic debate about evolution at the Oxford University Museum.
  • 1864 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for “public use, resort and recreation.”
  • 1882 – Charles Guiteau hanged in Washington, DC for the shooting death of President James Garfield.
  • 1886 – The first transcontinental train trip across Canada departs from Montreal. It arrives in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4 of the same year.
  • 1905 – Albert Einstein publishes the article “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies”, where he introduces special relativity.
  • 1906 – The United States Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.
  • 1908 – The Tunguska impact event occurs in Siberia.
  • 1912 – The Regina Cyclone hits Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada’s deadliest tornado event.
  • 1921 – U.S. President Warren G. Harding appoints former President William Howard Taft chief justice of the United States.
  • 1934 – The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler’s violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, takes place.
  • 1935 – The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1944 – The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.
  • 1952 – The Guiding Light airs on television for the first time.
  • 1953 – The first Chevrolet Corvette rolls off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan.
  • 1956 – A TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 (Flight 718) collide above the Grand Canyon in Arizona, United States, killing all 128 on the two planes.
  • 1960 – Congo gains independence from Belgium.
  • 1963 – Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police and military officers near Palermo.
  • 1969 – Nigeria bans Red Cross aid to Biafra.
  • 1971 – The crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft are killed when their air supply escapes through a faulty valve.
  • 1971 – Ohio ratifies the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18, thereby putting the amendment into effect.
  • 1972 – +1 leap second was added to the UTC time system.
  • 1977 – Virginia Wade wins the Ladies Singles title at Wimbledon, the last British champion at the All England Club to date.
  • 1985 – Thirty-nine American hostages from a hijacked TWA jetliner are freed in Beirut after being held for 17 days.
  • 1986 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults.
  • 1987 – The Royal Canadian Mint introduces the $1 coin, known as the Loonie.
  • 1988 – French archbishop Marcel Lefebvre is excommunicated by the Catholic church.
  • 1990 – East and West Germany merge their economies.
  • 1992 – Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher joins the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.
  • 1997 – The United Kingdom transfers sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China.
  • 2005 – Spain legalizes same-sex marriage.
  • 2007 – A car crashes into Glasgow International Airport in Scotland, believed to be a terrorist attack.

June 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1286 – John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey, English politician (d. 1347)
  • 1470 – Charles VIII of France (d. 1498)
  • 1503 – John Frederick, Elector of Saxony (d. 1554)
  • 1641 – Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general (d. 1719)
  • 1685 – John Gay, British writer (d. 1732)
  • 1755 – Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (d. 1829)
  • 1789 – Horace Vernet, French painter and graphic artist (d. 1863)
  • 1803 – Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (d. 1849)
  • 1807 – Friedrich Theodor von Vischer, German narrator, lyricist, and philosopher (d. 1887)
  • 1817 – Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist (d. 1911)
  • 1823 – Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Indian industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1843 – Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat (d. 1929)
  • 1884 – Georges Duhamel, French author (d. 1966)
  • 1891 – Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (d. 1953)
  • 1891 – Ed “Strangler” Lewis, American professional wrestler (d. 1966)
  • 1892 – Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (d. 1951)
  • 1893 – Walter Ulbricht, German politician (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Madge Bellamy, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1899 – Harry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – Ralph Allen, English footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Anthony Mann, American film actor and director (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Winston Graham, British writer (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Czeslaw Milosz, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Dan Reeves – Owner of the Cleveland/Los Angeles Rams (d. 1971)
  • 1913 – Harry Wismer, owner of the New York Jets (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Francisco da Costa Gomes, 16 President of Portugal (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – Susan Hayward, American actress (d. 1975)
  • 1917 – Lena Horne, American actress and singer
  • 1919 – Ed Yost, American inventor (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Paul Berg, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1929 – James Goldman, American screenwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1931 – Bert Eriksson, Flemish neo-Nazi (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Andrew Hill, American jazz pianist (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Lea Massari, Italian actress
  • 1933 – Orval Tessier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1934 – Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Nancy Dussault, American actress
  • 1936 – Dave Van Ronk, American folk singer/songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1938 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (d. 1999)
  • 1939 – José Emilio Pacheco, Mexican poet
  • 1940 – Mark Spoelstra, American folksinger (d. 2007)
  • 1941 – Peter Pollock, South African cricket player
  • 1942 – Robert Ballard, Oceanographer
  • 1942 – Ron Harris, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1943 – Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (d. 1976)
  • 1944 – Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist
  • 1944 – Terry Funk, American professional wrestler
  • 1944 – Ron Swoboda, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Leonard Whiting, British actor
  • 1951 – Stanley Clarke, American musician
  • 1952 – David Garrison, Broadway and television actor
  • 1952 – Athanassios S. Fokas, Greek mathematician
  • 1953 – Hal Lindes, British-American musician (Dire Straits)
  • 1954 – Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1955 – David Alan Grier, American actor and comedian
  • 1957 – Sterling Marlin, American race car driver (NASCAR)
  • 1958 – Esa-Pekka Salonen, Finnish conductor and composer
  • 1959 – Vincent D’Onofrio, American actor
  • 1959 – Brendan Perry, British musician (Dead Can Dance)
  • 1960 – Murray Cook, Australian children’s singer (The Wiggles)
  • 1962 – Tony Fernández, Dominican baseball player
  • 1963 – Yngwie J. Malmsteen, Swedish guitarist
  • 1964 – Alexandra Christina Manley, Former Danish princess, now countess
  • 1965 – Mitch Richmond, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Steve Duchesne, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Gary Pallister, former English football player (Manchester United)
  • 1966 – Mike Tyson, American former boxer
  • 1966 – Marton Csokas, New Zealand actor
  • 1968 – Philip Anselmo, American musician
  • 1969 – Sanath Jayasuriya, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1970 – Mark Grudzielanek, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Anette Michel, Mexican actress
  • 1971 – Monica Potter, American actress
  • 1972 – James Martin, English celebrity chef
  • 1973 – Chan-ho Park, South Korean baseball player
  • 1974 – Melanie Lambert American ice skater
  • 1975 – Ralf Schumacher, German race car driver (F1)
  • 1977 – Richard Henderson, famous packaging engineer
  • 1977 – Chris Maxwell, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Matisyahu, Hasidic Jewish Reggae singer
  • 1979 – Rick Gonzalez, Hispanic-American actor
  • 1979 – Travis Minor, National Football League running back
  • 1980 – Rade Prica, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Can Artam, Turkish racing driver
  • 1981 – Matt Kirk, Canadian football Player
  • 1981 – Karolina Sadalska, Polish kayaker
  • 1982 – Dan Jacobs, American guitarist (Atreyu)
  • 1982 – Andy Knowles, British musician (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1982 – Mitch Maier, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Lizzy Caplan, American actress (Mean Girls, 2004)
  • 1983 – Brendon James, British drummer (Thirteen Senses)
  • 1983 – Marlin Jackson, American football player
  • 1983 – Patrick Wolf, British musician
  • 1983 – Cheryl Cole, British singer (Girls Aloud)
  • 1984 – Fantasia Barrino, American singer
  • 1984 – Gabriel Badilla, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1985 – Rafal Blechacz, Polish classical pianist
  • 1985 – Michael Phelps, American swimmer
  •  1985 – Fabiana Vallejos, Argentine footballer
  • 1985 – Cody Runnels American Professional wrestler

June 30 – Deaths:

  • 350 – Nepotianus, Roman usurper
  • 1181 – Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, English politician (b. 1147)
  • 1364 – Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (b. 1297)
  • 1538 – Charles of Egmond, Duke of Guelders (b. 1467)
  • 1579 – Mehmed Pasha Sokolovic, Turkish Janissary
  • 1607 – Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1538)
  • 1660 – William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)
  • 1666 – Alexander Brome, English poet (b. 1620)
  • 1670 – Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)
  • 1704 – John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)
  • 1709 – Edward Lhuyd, Welsh scientist (b. 1660)
  • 1785 – James Oglethorpe, English general and founder of the state of Georgia (b. 1696)
  • 1796 – Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1857 – Alcide d’Orbigny, French naturalist (b. 1802)
  • 1882 – Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of President James A. Garfield (b. 1841)
  • 1890 – Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (b. 1819)
  • 1919 – John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1842)
  • 1934 – Night of the Long Knives murders:
    • Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882)
    • Gregor Strasser, former Nazi politician (b. 1892)
    • Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria (b. 1862)
    • Karl Ernst, SA-gruppenführer (b. 1904)
    • Erich Klausener, Catholic politician (b. 1885)
    • 1953 – Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)
    • 1959 – José Vasconcelos, Mexican writer and politician (b. 1882)
    • 1961 – Lee DeForest, American inventor (b. 1873)
    • 1966 – Giuseppe Farina, Italian Formula One champion (b. 1906)
    • 1971 – Herbert Biberman, Jewish American screenwriter and film director (b. 1900)
    • 1971 – Crew of Soyuz 11:
      • Viktor Patsayev (b. 1933)
      • Georgi Dobrovolski (b. 1928)
      • Vladislav Volkov (b. 1935)
      • 1973 – Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (b. 1903)
      • 1974 – Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (b. 1890)
      • 1976 – Firpo Marberry, baseball player (b. 1898)
      • 1984 – Lillian Hellman, American playwright (b. 1905)
      • 1993 – George “Spanky” McFarland, American actor (b. 1928)
      • 1993 – Wong Ka Kui, Hong Kong singer (b. 1962)
      • 1995 – Gale Gordon, American actor (b. 1906)
      • 1995 – Georgi Beregovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1921)
      • 1995 – Phyllis Hyman, American jazz vocalist (b. 1949)
      • 1997 – Larry O’Day, wrestler (b. 1944)
      • 2001 – Chet Atkins, American country guitar player and producer (b. 1924)
      • 2001 – Joe Henderson, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1937)
      • 2002 – Chico Xavier, popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement (b. 1910)
      • 2003 – Buddy Hackett, American comic (b. 1924)
      • 2003 – Robert McCloskey, American children’s book writer and illustrator (b. 1915)
      • 2006 – Robert Gernhardt, German satirist (b. 1937)
      • 2007 – Sahib Singh Verma, Indian politician and former Chief Minister of Delhi (b. 1943)

June 30 – Holidays:

  • Independence Day in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

 

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On This Day in History June 29

June 29 – Events:

  • 512 – A solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland.
  • 1149 – Raymond of Antioch is defeated and killed at the Battle of Inab by Nur ad-Din.
  • 1194 – Sverre is crowned King of Norway.
  • 1534 – Jacques Cartier makes the European discovery of Prince Edward Island.
  • 1613 – The Globe Theatre in London, England burns to the ground.
  • 1644 – Charles I of England defeats a Parliamentarian detachment at the Battle of Cropredy Bridge, the last battle won by an English King on English soil.
  • 1659 – The Russians, led by prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • 1749 – New Governor, Charles de la Ralière Des Herbiers, arrives at Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island).
  • 1786 – Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • 1850 – Coal is discovered on Vancouver Island.
  • 1850 – Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • 1864 – Ninety-nine people are killed in Canada’s worst railway disaster near St-Hilaire, Quebec.
  • 1874 – Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled “Who’s to Blame?” in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • 1880 – France annexes Tahiti.
  • 1888 – First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel’s Israel in Egypt on wax cylinder.
  • 1891 – Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
  • 1895 – Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • 1914 – Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
  • 1916 – Sir Roger Casement, Irish Nationalist and British diplomat is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising.
  • 1922 – France grants 1 km² at Vimy Ridge “freely, and for all time, to the Government of Canada, the free use of the land exempt from all taxes.”
  • 1925 – Canada House opens in London, England.
  • 1926 – Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.
  • 1927 – First test of Wallace Turnbull’s Controllable pitch propeller.
  • 1937 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier of Canada receives patent for sprocket and track traction system used in snow vehicles.
  • 1945 – Carpathian Ruthenia was annexed by Soviet Union.
  • 1956 – The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 is signed, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.
  • 1972 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules the death penalty could constitute “cruel and unusual punishment.”
  • 1974 – Isabel Perón is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina. Her husband President Juan Peron had delegated responsibility due to weak health and died two days later.
  • 1976 – The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1995 – Space Shuttle program: STS-71 Mission (Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir for the first time.)
  • 1995 – The Sampoong Department Store collapses in the Seocho-gu district of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.
  • 2002 – Naval clashes between South Korea and North Korea lead to the death of six South Korean sailors and sinking of a North Korean vessel.
  • 2006 – The Dutch cabinet Balkenende II resigned.
  • 2007 – Two car bombs are found in the heart of London at Picadilly Circus.

June 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1397 – John II of Aragon (d. 1479)
  • 1482 – Maria of Aragon, queen of Portugal (d. 1517)
  • 1517 – Rembert Dodoens, Flemish physician (d. 1585)
  • 1596 – Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (d. 1680)
  • 1798 – Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet (d. 1837)
  • 1803 – John Newton Brown, American publisher (d. 1868)
  • 1849 – John Hunn, American businessman (d. 1926)
  • 1858 – George Washington Goethals, American army engineer (d. 1928)
  • 1861 – William Mayo, founder of the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)
  • 1865 – Shigechiyo Izumi, Japanese supercentenarian (disputed) (d. 1986)
  • 1866 – Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1934)
  • 1868 – George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (d. 1938)
  • 1880 – Ludwig Beck, German general (d. 1944)
  • 1881 – Harry Frazee, Boston Red Sox owner from 1916-1923 (d. 1929)
  • 1886 – Robert Schuman, French politician (d. 1963)
  • 1889 – Willie MacFarlane, Scottish golfer (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – Aarre Merikanto, Finnish composer (d. 1958)
  • 1897 – Fulgence Charpentier, French Canadian journalist (d. 2001)
  • 1900 – Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer (d. 1944)
  • 1901 – Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (d. 1967)
  • 1903 – Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1906 – Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (d. 1945)
  • 1908 – Leroy Anderson, American composer (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Frank Loesser, American composer (d. 1969)
  • 1910 – Burgess Whitehead, American Major League Baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1911 – Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – Bernard Herrmann, American film composer (d. 1975)
  • 1912 – John Toland, American historian (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Émile Peynaud, French oenologist (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Rafael Kubelík, Czech conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician (d. 1976)
  • 1915 – Ruth Warrick, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1919 – Slim Pickens, American actor (d. 1983)
  • 1920 – Ray Harryhausen, American filmmaker
  • 1921 – Frédéric Dard, French writer (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Vasko Popa, Yugoslavian poet (d. 1991)
  • 1923 – Chou Wen-chung, Chinese-American composer
  • 1924 – Flo Sandon’s, Italian singer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Ezra Laderman, American composer
  • 1925 – Giorgio Napolitano, Italian politician
  • 1925 – Hale Smith, American composer and editor
  • 1925 – Cara Williams, American actress
  • 1926 – Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Pat Crawford Brown, American actress
  • 1929 – Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and author (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Viola Léger, Acadian-Canadian actress
  • 1931 – Ed Gilbert, American acotor (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Robert Evans, American film producer
  • 1932 – Brian Hutton, Baron Hutton, British Law Lord
  • 1933 – Bob Shaw, baseball player
  • 1933 – John Bradshaw, American theologian
  • 1935 – Katsuya Nomura, Japanese baseball player and manager
  • 1936 – Harmon Killebrew, American baseball player
  • 1939 – Alan Connolly, Australian cricketer
  • 1939 – Lo Lieh, Hong Kong martial arts actor (d. 2002)
  • 1940 – Vyacheslav Artyomov, Russian composer
  • 1941 – Stokely Carmichael, Black Panther member (d. 1998)
  • 1942 – Mike Willesee, Australian television presenter
  • 1943 – Little Eva, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1944 – Gary Busey, American actor
  • 1944 – Sean O’Malley, current Archbishop of Boston
  • 1945 – Chandrika Kumaratunga, President of Sri Lanka
  • 1946 – Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Ernesto Pérez Balladares, Panamanian politician
  • 1947 – Michael Carter, British actor
  • 1947 – Richard Lewis, American comedian
  • 1948 – Ian Paice, English drummer (Deep Purple)
  • 1949 – Joan Clos i Matheu, current mayor of Barcelona
  • 1949 – Ann Veneman, 27th United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1951 – Don Rosa, American ilustrator of Duck Donald.
  • 1952 – Joe Johnson, English snooker player
  • 1953 – Colin Hay, guitarist and singer
  • 1954 – Rick Honeycutt, baseball player
  • 1955 – Terence M. O’Sullivan, President LIUNA
  • 1955 – Charles J. Precourt, Deputy Manager, International Space Station Program
  • 1956 – Pedro Guerrero, baseball player
  • 1956 – Pedro Santana Lopes, Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1957 – María Conchita Alonso, Cuban-Venezuelan singer and actress
  • 1957 – Robert Forster, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens)
  • 1958 – Rosa Mota, Portuguese athlete
  • 1958 – Jeff Coopwood, American actor, broadcaster and singer
  • 1960 – Evelyn King, American singer
  • 1961 – Kimberlin Brown, actress
  • 1961 – Greg Hetson, American punk-rock guitarist
  • 1961 – Sharon Lawrence, American actress
  • 1962 – Amanda Donohoe, British actress
  • 1962 – George Zamka, astronaut
  • 1963 – Khalid El-Masri, German-born suspected terrorist
  • 1963 – Anne-Sophie Mutter, German violinist
  • 1964 – Stedman Pearson, British singer
  • 1965 – Tripp Eisen, American musician
  • 1966 – John Part, Canadian darts player
  • 1967 – Jeff Burton, American racing driver
  • 1967 – Murray Foster, Canadian musician
  • 1967 – Melora Hardin, American actress, singer
  • 1968 – Theoren Fleury, Canadian hockey player
  • 1969 – Claude Béchard, Quebec politician
  • 1969 – Ilan Mitchell-Smith, American actor
  • 1969 – Toru Hashimoto, Japanese local governor
  • 1970 – Mike Vallely, American skateboarder
  • 1971 – Kaitlyn Ashley, American adult actress
  • 1971 – Matthew Good, Canadian musician
  • 1971 – Anthony Hamilton, English snooker player
  • 1972 – Samantha Smith, American schoolgirl (d. 1985)
  • 1972 – Nawal Al Zoghbi, Lebanese singer
  • 1973 – George Hincapie, American cyclist
  • 1977 – Oleg Korenfeld, poet
  • 1978 – Sam Farrar, American bassist
  • 1978 – Nicole Scherzinger, American singer and actress
  • 1979 – Abs Breen, English singer
  • 1979 – Marleen Veldhuis, Dutch swimmer
  • 1979 – Matthew Bode, Australian Rules Football player
  • 1979 – Baris Akarsu, Turkish Singer and Actor (d. 2007)
  • 1980 – Katherine Jenkins, Welsh soprano
  • 1980 – Mel Peachey, British television personality
  • 1980 – Martin Truex, Jr., American race car driver
  • 1981 – Joe Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Nicolás Vuyovich, Argentine racing driver (d. 2005)
  • 1981 – Sakito, Japanese guitarist
  • 1983 – Aundrea Fimbres, American singer (Danity Kane)
  • 1984 – Han Ji-hye, South Korean actress and model
  • 1984 – Derek Lee Rock, American drummer
  • 1986 – Austin Drage, English singer.
  • 1986 – Iya Villania, Filipina Actress
  • 1987 – Yasuka Saitou, Japanese actor
  • 1988 – Éver Banega, Argentine footballer

June 29 – Deaths:

  • 1059 – Bernard II, Duke of Saxony
  • 1252 – King Abel of Denmark (b. 1218)
  • 1315 – Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)
  • 1509 – Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (b. 1443)
  • 1725 – Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (b. 1657)
  • 1744 – André Campra, French composer (b. 1660)
  • 1764 – Ralph Allen, English businessman and politician (b. 1693)
  • 1852 – Henry Clay, U.S. Senator (b. 1777)
  • 1855 – John Gorrie, American scientist (b. 1802)
  • 1861 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet (b. 1806)
  • 1873 – Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Bengali poet (b. 1824)
  • 1875 – Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria (b. 1793)
  • 1895 – Thomas Henry Huxley, English scientist (b. 1825)
  • 1900 – Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1919 – José Gregorio Hernández Venezuelan physician (b. 1864)
  • 1921 – Otto Seeck German classical historian (b. 1850)
  • 1931 – Nérée Beauchemin, Quebec poet (b. 1850)
  • 1933 – Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1934 – Zaro Aga, 157 years ago.(b.1777)
  • 1935 – Jack O’Neill, baseball player (b. 1873)
  • 1940 – Paul Klee, Swiss artist (b. 1879)
  • 1941 – Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist and composer (b. 1860)
  • 1958 – Charles Spencelayh, English painter (b. 1865)
  • 1960 – Frank Patrick, professional ice hockey player and coach (b. 1885)
  • 1964 – Eric Dolphy, American jazz musician (b. 1928)
  • 1967 – Jayne Mansfield, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 1967 – Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (b. 1906)
  • 1969 – Shorty Long, American singer (b. 1940)
  • 1969 – Moise Tshombe, Congolese politician (b. 1919)
  • 1973 – Germán Valdés, Mexican actor (b. 1915)
  • 1977 – Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Bob Crane, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1979 – Lowell George, American country-rock singer (Little Feat) (b. 1945)
  • 1982 – Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer (b. 1914)
  • 1982 – Henry King, American film director (b. 1886)
  • 1990 – Irving Wallace, American author and screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1992 – Mohammed Boudiaf, President of Algeria (assassinated) (b. 1919)
  • 1993 – Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (b. 1946)
  • 1994 – Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Lana Turner, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Allan Carr, American film producer (b. 1937)
  • 2000 – Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Rosemary Clooney, American singer and actress (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Ole-Johan Dahl, Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – François Périer, French actor (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Katharine Hepburn, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Bernard Babior, American biochemist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Randy Walker, American football coach (b. 1954)
  • 2006 – Fabián Bielinsky, Argentinean film director (b. 1959)
  • 2006 – Lloyd Richards, American actor and director (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Joel Siegel, American film critic (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Edward Yang, Taiwanese film director (b. 1947)

June 29 – Holidays:

  • Seychelles – Independence Day.
  • The Netherlands – Veterans Day.
  • Malta – l-Imnarja

 

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On This Day in History June 28

June 28 – Events:

  • 1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
  • 1389 – Ottoman and Serbian armies fight the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe.
  • 1519 – Charles V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1635 – Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.
  • 1651 – Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians, the biggest battle in the 17th century, starts.
  • 1776 – Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington,  was hanged for mutiny and sedition.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Monmouth fought between the American Continental Army under George Washington and the British Army led by Sir Henry Clinton.
  • 1807 – Second British invasion; John Whitelock lands at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires and is defeated by the fierce resistance of the locals.
  • 1838 – The coronation of Victoria of the United Kingdom.
  • 1855 – The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
  • 1859 – First conformation dog show is held in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.
  • 1865 – The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
  • 1880 – Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.
  • 1881 – Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
  • 1886 – First scheduled Canadian transcontinental passenger train departs from Montreal, Quebec for Port Moody, British Columbia.
  • 1887 – Minot, North Dakota incorporated as a city.
  • 1894 – Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.
  • 1895 – El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form the Central American Union.
  • 1914 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip , the casus belli of World War I.
  • 1919 – The Treaty of Versailles is signed in Paris, formally ending World War I between Britain, France, Italy, the United States and allies on the one side and Germany and Austria Hungary on the other side.
  • 1922 – The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.
  • 1936 – The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
  • 1940 – Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union.
  • 1948 – Cominform circulates the “Resolution on the situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia;” Yugoslavia is expelled from the Communist bloc.
  • 1950 – Seoul is captured by troops from North Korea.
  • 1956 – Protests and demonstrations in Poznan. Also called Poznanski czerwiec (June of Poznan).
  • 1960 – Cuba confiscates and nationalizes U.S.-owned oil refineries.
  • 1964 – Malcom X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
  • 1969 – Stonewall riots begin in New York City.
  • 1973 – Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing  between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
  • 1976 – The Angolan court sentenced US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.
  • 1978 – The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
  • 1982 – Today (Australian TV program) first went to air
  • 1983 – The Mianus River Bridge collapses over the Mianus River in Connecticut, killing 3 drivers in their vehicles.
  • 1986 – ¡A Luchar! holds its first congress in Bogotá, Colombia.
  • 1988 – The worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history occurs at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, killing five.
  • 1989 – Slobodan Miloševic delivers the Kosovo Polje speech
  • 1990 – Paperback Software International Ltd. found guilty by a U.S. court of copyright violation for copying the appearance and menu system of Lotus 1-2-3 in its competing spreadsheet program.
  • 1992 – The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law.
  • 1994 – Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult release sarin gas attack at Matsumoto, Japan, 7 persons killed, 660 injured.
  • 1996 – The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.
  • 1997 – Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield II – Tyson is disqualified in the 3rd round for biting a piece from Holyfield’s ear.
  • 2000 – Cuban exile Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme Court order.
  • 2001 – U.S. Appeals Court overturns a lower court’s order to break up Microsoft in an antitrust case.
  • 2004 – The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
  • 2004 – Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
  • 2004 – Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
  • 2005 – Canada becomes the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • 2006 – The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.

June 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1476 – Pope Paul IV (d. 1559)
  • 1490 – Albert of Mainz, bishop and elector of Mainz (d. 1545)
  • 1491 – King Henry VIII of England (d. 1547)
  • 1503 – Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (d. 1556)
  • 1577 – Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (d. 1640)
  • 1641 – Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d’Arquien, queen of Poland (d. 1716)
  • 1703 – John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (d. 1791)
  • 1712 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (d. 1778)
  • 1719 – Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (d. 1785)
  • 1806 – Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (d. 1883)
  • 1824 – Paul Broca, French physician (d. 1880)
  • 1831 – Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (d. 1907)
  • 1867 – Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1944)
  • 1875 – Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (d. 1941)
  • 1883 – Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • 1884 – Lamina Sankoh, early Sierra Leonean nationalist (d. 1964)
  • 1891 – Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)
  • 1891 – Esther Forbes, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1891 – Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – Richard Rodgers, American composer (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1909 – Eric Ambler, English writer (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Franz Antel, Austrian filmmaker
  • 1913 – Walter Oesau, German pilot (d. 1944)
  • 1914 – Aribert Heim, Austrian physician
  • 1917 – Katherine Rawls, American swimming champion (d. 1982)
  • 1920 – A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright
  • 1921 – P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Michael Vale, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Adolfo Schwelm Cruz, Argentine racing driver
  • 1926 – Mel Brooks, American filmmaker
  • 1927 – Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1928 – Dr Hans Blix, Swedish head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission 2000-2003
  • 1928 – Harold Evans, English journalist and writer; editor of The Sunday Times 1967-1981
  • 1930 – Itamar Franco, President of Brazil
  • 1931 – Junior Johnson, American NASCAR driver
  • 1932 – Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician
  • 1934 – Carl Levin, United States Senator
  • 1935 – John Inman, English actor (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Chuck Howley, American football player
  • 1937 – Richard Bright, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – George Knudson, Canadian golfer (d. 1989)
  • 1937 – Ron Luciano, American baseball umpire (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – John Byner, American comedian
  • 1938 – Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (d. 2001)
  • 1938 – Leon Panetta, American White House Chief of Staff to Bill Clinton
  • 1940 – Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker, economist and recipient of the Nobel Peace  Prize
  • 1941 – Al Downing, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Chris Hani, leader of the South African Communist Party (d. 1993)
  • 1942 – David Miner, American musician and record producer
  • 1943 – Donald Johanson, American paleoanthropologist
  • 1943 – Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 – David Knights, English bass guitarist (Procol Harum)
  • 1946 – Bruce Davison, American actor
  • 1946 – Gilda Radner, American comedienne (d. 1989)
  • 1947 – Robert Bondi, American politician
  • 1947 – Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef
  • 1947 – Anny Duperey, French film and television actress
  • 1947 – Mark Helprin, American writer
  • 1948 – Kathy Bates, American actress
  • 1950 – Mauricio Rojas, Swedish politician
  • 1952 – Pietro Mennea, Italian athlete
  • 1954 – Alice Krige, South African actress
  • 1955 – Shirley Cheriton, English actress
  • 1955 – Eric Gates, English footballer
  • 1955 – Thomas Hampson, American baritone
  • 1956 – Noel Mugavin, Australian Rules Football player
  • 1957 – Lance Nethery, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
  • 1957 – Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria
  • 1957 – Mike Skinner, American racecar driver
  • 1960 – John Elway, American football player
  • 1963 – Beverley Craven, English singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Mark Grace, American baseball player
  • 1966 – John Cusack, American actor
  • 1966 – Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress
  • 1967 – Lars Riedel, German discus thrower
  • 1968 – Adam Woodyatt, English actor
  • 1968 – Chayanne, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1969 – Danielle Brisebois, American actress
  • 1970 – Mushtaq Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1970 – Steve Burton, American actor
  • 1971 – Tichina Arnold, American actress
  • 1971 – Fabien Barthez, French footballer
  • 1971 – Kenny Cunningham, Irish footballer
  • 1971 – Juan Carlos Echeverry, Colombian operatic tenor
  • 1971 – Norika Fujiwara, Japanese actress and television personality
  • 1971 – Ron Mahay, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Aileen Quinn, American actress
  • 1972 – Jon Heidenreich, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Adrian Annus, Hungarian athlete
  • 1974 – Rob Dyrdek, Professional skateboarder
  • 1975 – Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish Musician, Former Lead Singer of Dissection
  • 1976 – Shinobu Asagoe, Japanese tennis player
  • 1976 – Seth Wescott, American snowboarder
  • 1977 – Mark Stoermer, American bass player (The Killers)
  • 1977 – Chris Spurling, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Simon Larose, Canadian professional tennis player
  • 1979 – Ha Ji-won, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1979 – Randy McMichael, American football player
  • 1979 – Florian Zeller, French novelist and playwright
  • 1983 – Maui Taylor, Filipino model and singer
  • 1985 – Phil Bardsley, English football player
  • 1986 – Kellie Pickler, American singer
  • 1986 – Shadia Simmons, Canadian actress
  • 1988 – Lacey Schwimmer, American dancer
  • 1990 – Jasmine Richards, Canadian actress
  • 1994 – Madeline Duggan, English actress
  • 1994 – Prince Hussein bin Al Abdullah II, Prince of Jordan

June 28 – Deaths:

  • 548 – Theodora, Byzantine empress
  • 767 – Pope Paul I
  • 928 – Louis the Blind, King of Provence
  • 1061 – Floris I, Count of Holland
  • 1175 – Andrei Bogolyubsky, Russian prince
  • 1194 – Emperor Xiaozong of Song China (b. 1127)
  • 1385 – Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1348)
  • 1389 – Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic of Serbia (b. 1329)
  • 1586 – Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
  • 1598 – Abraham Ortelius, Flemish-born cartographer (b. 1527)
  • 1716 – George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)
  • 1813 – Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (b. 1755)
  • 1834 – Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
  • 1836 – James Madison, President of the United States (b. 1751)
  • 1880 – Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (b. 1846)
  • 1881 – Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
  • 1892 – Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (b. 1810)
  • 1889 – Maria Mitchell, American astronomer (b. 1818)
  • 1913 – Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • 1914 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1863)
  • 1914 – Countess Sophie Chotek, wife of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b.  1868)
  • 1915 – Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1916 – Stefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)
  • 1922 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (b. 1885)
  • 1929 – Edward Carpenter, English poet (b. 1844)
  • 1960 – Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1962 – Cy Morgan, American baseball player (b. 1878)
  • 1965 – Red Nichols, American musician (b. 1905)
  • 1971 – Franz Stangl, Austrian commandant of concentration camps (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Frank Sutton, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1975 – Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis, Greek architect (b. 1913)
  • 1975 – Rod Serling, American television scriptwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1976 – Stanley Baker, Welsh actor and film producer (b. 1927)
  • 1978 – Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1980 – José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1981 – Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (b. 1958)
  • 1982 – Harry Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers) (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1898)
  • 1992 – Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (b. 1936)
  • 1993 – GG Allin, American punk rock singer (b. 1956)
  • 2000 – Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (b. 1913)
  • 2000 – Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)
  • 2001 – Joan Sims, English actress (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Wim Slijkhuis, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Anthony Buckeridge, English author (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Brenda Howard, American LGBT activist (b. 1946)
  • 2006 – Jim Baen, American science fiction publisher and editor (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – George Page, American television host (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author (b.  1919)
  • 2006 – George Unwin, British WWII fighter ace (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Eugene Bennett Fluckey, American Navy Submariner (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1919)

June 28 – Holidays:

  • Vidovdan, Orthodox religious holiday commemorating St. Vitus
  • Catholic saints:
    • Saint Benignus
    • Saint Irenaeus of Lyon
    • Saint Paulus I
    • Saint Marcella
    • Saint Vincenza Gerosa

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On This Day in History June 27

June 27 – Events:

  • 1358 – Republic of Dubrovnik founded.
  • 1709 – Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.
  • 1743 – War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen On the battlefield in Bavaria, George II personally led troops into battle, the last time a British monarch would command troops in the field.
  • 1759 – General James Wolfe starts siege of Quebec.
  • 1806 – The British capture Buenos Aires during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata.
  • 1844 – Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was murdered at the Carthage, Illinois jail, along with his brother, Hyrum Smith, by a mob.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.
  • 1867 – The Bank of California is created.
  • 1893 – Crash of the New York Stock Exchange.
  • 1898 – The first solo circumnavigation of the globe is completed by Joshua Slocum from Briar Island, Nova Scotia.
  • 1905 – Battleship Potemkin uprising: Sailors start a mutiny aboard the Battleship Potemkin, denouncing the crimes of autocracy, demanding liberty and an end to war.
  • 1941 – German troops capture the city of Bialystok during Operation Barbarossa.
  • 1950 – The United States decides to send troops to fight in the Korean War.
  • 1954 – The world’s first nuclear power station opens in Obninsk, near Moscow.
  • 1957 – Hurricane Audrey kills 500 people in Louisiana and Texas.
  • 1966 – The first broadcast of Dark Shadows is aired on ABC-TV.
  • 1967 – The world’s first ATM is installed in Enfield, London.
  • 1969 – The Stonewall riots that mark the beginning of the gay liberation movement begin in Greenwich Village in Manhattan.
  • 1973 – The President of Uruguay dissolves Parliament and heads a coup d’état.
  • 1974 – U.S president Richard Nixon visits the U.S.S.R..
  • 1976 – Air France Flight 139 (Tel Aviv-Athens-Paris) is hijacked en route to Paris by the PLO and redirected to Entebbe, Uganda.
  • 1977 – France grants independence to Djibouti.
  • 1980 – A commercial DC-9 (Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870) crashes near Ustica, Italy, killing 81
  • 1984 – Pierre Elliott Trudeau wins the Albert Einstein Peace Prize.
  • 1985 – U.S. Route 66 ceases to be an official U.S. highway.
  • 1986 – The International Court of Justice finds against the United States in its judgment in Nicaragua v. United States.
  • 1991 – Slovenia, after declaring independence two days previous, is invaded by Yugoslav troops, tanks, and aircraft, starting the Ten-Day War.
  • 1998 – Opening of the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) in Malaysia.
  • 2001 – International Court of Justice finds against the United States in its judgement in the LaGrand Case.
  • 2001 – Pope John Paul II beatified 28 Ukrainian Greek Catholics, including 27 martyrs most of whom were killed by the Soviet secret police. Beatification took place at the service in Lviv, western Ukraine during his first visit to this country.
  • 2003 – The United States National Do Not Call Registry, formed to combat unwanted telemarketing calls and administered by the Federal Trade Commission, enrolled almost three-quarters of a million phone numbers on its first day.
  • 2005 – AMD files broad antitrust complaint against Intel Corporation in U.S. Federal District Court, alleging abuse of monopoly powers and antitrust violations.
  • 2007 – The Brazilian Military Police invades the favelas of Complexo do Alemão in an episode which is remembered as the Complexo do Alemão massacre.

June 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1040 – King Ladislaus I of Hungary (d. 1095)
  • 1350 – Manuel II Palaiologos, Eastern Roman Emperor
  • 1462 – King Louis XII of France (d. 1515)
  • 1550 – King Charles IX of France (d. 1574)
  • 1696 – William Pepperrell, British colonial soldier (d. 1759)
  • 1717 – Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (d. 1799)
  • 1838 – Paul von Mauser, German weapon designer (d. 1914)
  • 1846 – Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish independence fighter (d. 1891)
  • 1850 – Lafcadio Hearn, Greek-born author (d. 1904)
  • 1850 – Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (d. 1919)
  • 1869 – Emma Goldman, Lithuanian-born anarchist and feminist (d. 1940)
  • 1869 – Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
  • 1880 – Helen Keller, American deaf and blind activist (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Eduard Spranger, German philosopher and educator (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher and poet (d. 1962)
  • 1888 – Antoinette Perry, American theater director (d. 1946}
  • 1888 – Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian (d. 1960)
  • 1892 – Paul Colin, French poster designer (d. 1985)
  • 1899 – Juan Trippe, American airline entrepreneur (d. 1981)
  • 1905 – Armand Mondou, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1976)
  • 1907 – John McIntire, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – João Guimarães Rosa, Brazilian writer (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – Willie Mosconi, American billiards player (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Robert Aickman, English author (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Giorgio Almirante, Italian politician (d. 1988)
  • 1923 – Jacques Berthier, French composer (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Rosalie Allen, American singer and disc jockey (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Bob Appleyard, English cricketer
  • 1925 – Doc Pomus, American blues singer/songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1927 – Bob Keeshan, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Rudy Perpich, American politician (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – William Afflis, American wrestler (d. 1991)
  • 1930 – Ross Perot, American businessman and politician
  • 1931 – Charles Bronfman, Canadian industrialist
  • 1931 – Martinus J. G. Veltman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Anna Moffo, American soprano (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Eddie Kasko, baseball player
  • 1932 – Magali Noël, French actress
  • 1935 – Laurent Terzieff, French actor
  • 1938 – Tommy Cannon, British comedian
  • 1938 – Shirley Anne Field, British actress
  • 1938 – Kathryn Beaumont, British voice actress
  • 1939 – Rahul Dev Burman, Indian composer and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Krzysztof Kieslowski, Polish film director (d. 1996)
  • 1941 – Bill Baxley, American politician
  • 1941 – James P. Hogan, British science fiction author
  • 1941 – Avi Lerner, Israeli-born American film producer
  • 1942 – Bruce Johnston, American musician (The Beach Boys)
  • 1942 – Frank Mills, Canadian pianist and composer
  • 1943 – Rico Petrocelli, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Kjersti Døvigen, Norwegian actress
  • 1944 – Patrick Sercu, Belgian cyclist
  • 1948 – Camile Baudoin, American musician
  • 1949 – Vera Wang, American fashion designer
  • 1951 – Mary McAleese, President of Ireland
  • 1951 – Julia Duffy, American actress
  • 1955 – Isabelle Adjani, French actress
  • 1956 – Heiner Dopp, German field hockey player
  • 1956 – Brad Childress, American football coach
  • 1958 – Lisa Germano, American singer, songwriter and musician
  • 1958 – Brian Helicopter, Musician, bass guitarist (The Shapes HellsBelles Rogue Male)
  • 1958 – Magnus Lindberg, Finnish composer
  • 1958 – Jeffrey Lee Pierce, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (The Gun Club) (d. 1996)
  • 1959 – Dan Jurgens, American comic book writer
  • 1959 – Lorrie Morgan, American country music singer
  • 1961 – Meera Syal, British-Indian comedienne and actress
  • 1961 – Margo Timmins, Canadian folk-rock singer (Cowboy Junkies)
  • 1962 – Tony Leung Chiu Wai, Hong Kong actor
  • 1963 – Paul Roos, Australian rules footballer
  • 1963 – Johnny Benson, American NASCAR driver
  • 1964 – Stephan Brenninkmeijer, Dutch film producer and director
  • 1964 – Chuck Person, American basketball player
  • 1966 – J. J. Abrams, American television writer and producer
  • 1967 – Sylvie Fréchette, French-Canadian synchronized swimmer
  • 1968 – Pascale Bussières, French-Canadian actress
  • 1970 – John Eales , Australian Rugby Player
  • 1970 – Jim Edmonds, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Jo Frost, English nanny and television host
  • 1974 – Big Moe, American musician (Screwed Up Click)
  • 1975 – Tobey Maguire, American actor
  • 1975 – Daryle Ward, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Ace Darling, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Sarah Evanetz, Canadian swimmer
  • 1976 – Johnny Estrada, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Raúl, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Arkadiusz Radomski, Polish footballer
  • 1979 – Kim Gyu-ri, South Korean actress
  • 1978 – Anna Kumble, British Singer, also known as Lolly
  • 1979 – John Warne, American musician (Relient K; Ace Troubleshooter)
  • 1980 – Kevin Pietersen, English cricketer
  • 1980 – Craig Terrill, American football player
  • 1983 – Alsou, Russian singer
  • 1983 – Dale Steyn, South African cricketer
  • 1983 – Evan Taubenfeld, American musician
  • 1984 – Julie Ordon, Swiss model
  • 1984 – Emma Lahana, New Zealand actress
  •  1985 – Svetlana Kuznetsova, Russian tennis player
  • 1985 – Nico Rosberg, German race car driver
  • 1986 – Drake Bell, musician/ songwriter /actor, best known for his role on Nickelodeon’s Drake &  Josh
  • 1988 – Kate Ziegler, American swimmer
  • 1989 – Matthew Lewis, English actor
  • 1991 – Madylin Sweeten, American actress

June 27 – Deaths:

  • 1162 – Eudes II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1118)
  • 1458 – King Alfonso V of Aragon (b. 1396)
  • 1574 – Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and architect (b. 1511)
  • 1603 – Jan Dymitr Solikowski, Polish archbishop and diplomat (b. 1539)
  • 1627 – John Hayward, English historian
  • 1655 – Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1598)
  • 1672 – Roger Twysden, English antiquarian (b. 1597)
  • 1720 – Guillaume Amfrye de Chaulieu, French poet (b. 1639)
  • 1773 – Mentewab, dowager Empress of Ethiopia (b. circa 1706)
  • 1794 – Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
  • 1794 – Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (b. 1715)
  • 1827 – Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (b. 1754)
  • 1829 – James Smithson, English scientist and philanthropist (b. 1765)
  • 1831 – Sophie Germain, French mathematician (b. 1776)
  • 1844 – Hyrum Smith, American religious leader (b. 1800)
  • 1907 – Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American educator (b. 1822)
  • 1912 – George Bonnor, Australian cricketer (b. 1855)
  • 1917 – Karl Allmenroder, German World War I Ace (b. 1896)
  • 1935 – Eugene Augustin Lauste, French inventor (b. 1857)
  • 1944 – Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • 1952 – Max Dehn, German mathematician (b. 1878)
  • 1954 – Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1960 – Lottie Dod, English athlete (b. 1871)
  • 1962 – Paul Viiding, Estonian poet (b. 1904)
  • 1970 – Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – George Nepia, New Zealand rugby player (b. 1905)
  • 1988 – Hillel Slovak, Israeli American guitarist (b. 1962)
  • 1991 – Klaas Bruinsma, Dutch drug lord (b. 1953)
  • 1991 – Milton Subotsky, American screenwriter (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – Albert R. Broccoli, American film producer (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Gilles Rocheleau, French Canadian politician (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – George Papadopoulos, Greek dictator (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Tove Jansson, Finnish author (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Jack Lemmon, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – John Entwistle, English bassist (The Who) (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – David Newman, American filmmaker (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – George Patton IV, American general (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Darrell Russell, American race car driver (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – Shelby Foote, American author and historian (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – John T. Walton, American businessman (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Ray Holmes, Battle of Britain veteran (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Domino Harvey, English-born bounty hunter (b. 1969)
  • 2006 – Ángel Maturino Reséndiz, Mexican serial killer, known as “The Railway Killer” (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Patrick Allotey, Ghana footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2007 – Dragutin Tadijanovic, Croatian poet (b. 1905)
  • 2007 – William Hutt, Canadian stage and film actor (b. 1920)

June 27 – Holidays:

  • National HIV Testing Day in United States
  • National Veterans’ Day in the United Kingdom
  • Mixed Race Day in Brazil
  • Siebenschläfertag (Seven Sleepers Day) in Germany

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On This Day in History June 26

June 26 – Events:

  • 363 – Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield.
  • 1284 – According to legend, the Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away.
  • 1409 – Western Schism: The Roman Catholic church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.
  • 1483 – Richard III becomes king of England.
  • 1541 – Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Diego is later caught and executed.
  • 1718 – Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great’s son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • 1723 – After a lasting siege and firing from the cannons Baku surrendered to Russians.
  • 1848 – End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • 1857 – The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1870 – The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
  • 1918 – World War I Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J. Pershing & James Harbord defeat Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
  • 1924 – American occupying forces leave the Dominican Republic.
  • 1927 – The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island
  • 1934 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions.
  • 1934 – Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.
  • 1940 – World War II: Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and northern part of Bukovina.
  • 1945 – The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.
  • 1948 – The Western allies start an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union has blockaded West  Berlin.
  • 1948 – William Shockley filed the original patent for the grown junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.
  • 1959 – The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens, opening North America’s Great Lakes to ocean-going ships.
  • 1960 – Former British Protectorate of Somaliland British Somaliland gains its independence.
  • 1963 – John F. Kennedy speaks the famous words “Ich bin ein Berliner” on a visit to West Berlin.
  • 1973 – On Plesetsk Cosmodrome 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
  • 1974 – The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley’s chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
  • 1975 – Indira Gandhi establishes authoritarian rule in India.
  • 1975 – Two CIA agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in North Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
  • 1976 – The CN Tower, the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world, was opened.
  • 1977 – The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.
  • 1978 – Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overran the runway and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers onboard died.
  • 1981 – Couples For Christ, a Christian charismatic organization, established in the Philippines.
  • 1991 – Ten-Day War- Yugoslav people`s army began Ten-Day War in Slovenia.
  • 1993 – The U.S. launches a missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H.W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
  • 1995 – Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani deposed his father Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup.
  • 1996 – Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin.
  • 1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment.
  • 2003 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional in Lawrence v. Texas.
  • 2006 – The Republic of Montenegro becomes the 192nd member of the United Nations.

June 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1575 – Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1612)
  • 1681 – Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (d. 1708)
  • 1689 – Edward Holyoke, American academic (d. 1769)
  • 1694 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (d. 1768)
  • 1702 – Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (d. 1751)
  • 1703 – Thomas Clap, American academic (d. 1767)
  • 1819 – Abner Doubleday, American Major General (d. 1893)
  • 1824 – Lord Kelvin, Irish-born physicist (d. 1907)
  • 1838 – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Bengali Novelist (d. 1894)
  • 1854 – Robert Laird Borden, Canadian politician (d. 1937)
  • 1865 – Bernard Berenson, American art historian (d. 1959)
  • 1866 – George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (d. 1923)
  • 1869 – Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
  • 1880 – Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)
  • 1892 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – George Hainsworth, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1950)
  • 1898 – Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (d. 1971)
  • 1899 – Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1902 – Hugues Cuénod, Swiss Tenor
  • 1904 – Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1904 – Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (d. 1964)
  • 1906 – Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer (d. 1974)
  • 1906 – Viktor Schreckengost, American industrial designer
  • 1907 – Debs Garms, American baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Salvador Allende, Former President of Chile (1970-1973)
  • 1909 – Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley’s manager (d. 1997)
  • 1911 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (d. 1956)
  • 1914 – Laurie Lee, British writer (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Charlotte Zolotow, American author
  • 1919 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent (d. 1945)
  • 1922 – Eleanor Parker, American actress
  • 1923 – Barbara Graham, American murderer (d. 1955)
  • 1924 – Costas Axelos, Greek philosopher
  • 1925 – Pavel Belyayev, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1970)
  • 1928 – Jacob Druckman, American composer (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor
  • 1929 – Milton Glaser, American Designer
  • 1933 – Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor
  • 1933 – Gene Green, American baseball player (d. 1981)
  • 1934 – Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
  • 1934 – Dave Grusin, American jazz pianist
  • 1936 – Robert Maclennan, British politician
  • 1936 – Jean-Claude Cardinal Turcotte, Archbishop of Montreal
  • 1937 – Sombat Metanee, Thai film actor
  • 1937 – Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1938 – Gerald North, American climatologist
  • 1941 – Yves Beauchemin, Canadian novelist
  • 1942 – Gilberto Gil, Brazilian singer and Minister of Culture
  • 1943 – John Beasley, American actor
  • 1943 – Georgie Fame, British singer
  • 1945 – Dwight York, American cult leader
  • 1951 – Gary Gilmour, Australian cricketer
  • 1954 – Steve Barton, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Mick Jones, British guitarist (The Clash, Big Audio Dynamite)
  • 1956 – Chris Isaak, American singer
  • 1957 – Patty Smyth, American singer (Scandal)
  • 1957 – Philippe Couillard, Quebec neurosurgeon and politician
  • 1959 – Mark McKinney, Canadian actor
  • 1960 – Zachary Breaux, American jazz guitarist
  • 1961 – Greg LeMond, American cyclist
  • 1961 – Terri Nunn, American singer (Berlin)
  • 1963 – Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman
  • 1963 – Richard Garfield, American game designer
  • 1967 – Todd Pletcher, American horse trainer
  • 1968 – Paolo Maldini, Italian footballer
  • 1968 – Shannon Sharpe, American football player
  • 1969 – Colin Greenwood, British musician (Radiohead)
  • 1969 – Mike Myers, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Chris O’Donnell, American actor
  • 1970 – Sean Hayes, American Actor
  • 1970 – Irv Gotti, American record producer
  • 1970 – Paul Thomas Anderson, American filmmaker
  • 1970 – Nick Offerman, American actor
  • 1971 – Max Biaggi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1972 – Garou, Canadian singer
  • 1972 – Jai Taurima, Australian long jumper
  • 1973 – Gretchen Wilson, American singer
  • 1973 – Pawel Malaszynski, Polish actor
  • 1973 – Jussi Sydänmaa, Finnish musician (Lordi)
  • 1974 – Matt Striker, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Derek Jeter, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Jeff Frankenstein, American musician (Newsboys)
  • 1974 – Jason Kendall, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Jonah Sorrentino, American hip hop artist
  • 1976 – Ed Jovanovski, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Chad Pennington, American football player
  • 1976 – Joe Landon, American pornographic actor
  • 1977 – Kubo Tite, Japanese cartoonist
  • 1978 – Alexandra, French singer, L5′s singer
  • 1979 – Kostas Katsouranis, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Wálter Herrmann, Argentinian basketball player
  • 1979 – Andy O’Brien, English footballer
  • 1979 – Ryo Fukuda, Japanese racing driver
  • 1980 – Jason Schwartzman, American actor
  • 1980 – Michael Vick, American football player
  • 1980 – Chris Shelton, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Sinik, French singer and rapper
  • 1983 – Leela James, American singer
  • 1984 – Elijah Dukes, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Raymond Felton, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Deron Williams, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Jose Juan Barea, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader
  • 1986 – Casey Desmond, American singer
  • 1987 – Carlos Iaconelli, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1988 – Kyle Corbet, Canadian author
  • 1992 – Jennette McCurdy, American actress
  • 2005 – Princess Alexia of the Netherlands

June 26 – Deaths:

  • 363 – Julian the Apostate, Roman Emperor (killed in battle) (b. 331)
  • 1291 – Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England
  • 1541 – Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conqueror of Peru (murdered)
  • 1688 – Ralph Cudworth, English philosopher (b. 1617)
  • 1784 – Caesar Rodney, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1728)
  • 1793 – Gilbert White, English ornithologist (b. 1720)
  • 1810 – Joseph Michel Montgolfier, inventor of the hot air balloon (b. 1740)
  • 1836 – Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French composer (La Marseillaise) (b. 1760)
  • 1878 – Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (b. 1860)
  • 1918 – Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
  •  1922 – Albert I, Prince of Monaco (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Ford Madox Ford, English writer (b. 1873)
  • 1943 – Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist and physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1868)
  • 1946 – Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (b. 1880)
  • 1946 – Max Kögel, SS officer (b. 1895)
  • 1947 – Richard Bedford Bennett, eleventh Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1870)
  • 1949 – Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (b. 1876)
  • 1956 – Clifford Brown, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1930)
  • 1957 – Alfred Döblin, German writer (b. 1878)
  • 1958 – George Orton, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and United Nations diplomat (b. 1888)
  • 1964 – Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Françoise Dorléac, French actress (b. 1942)
  • 1975 – St. Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – Herman Rohde, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – William H. Riker, American political scientist (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – Roy Campanella, Major League baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Jahanara Imam, Bangladeshi writer and political activist (b. 1929)
  • 1996 – Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (b. 1958)
  • 1997 – Israel Kamakawiwo’ole, Hawaiian singer (b. 1959)
  • 2002 – Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Jay Berwanger, American football player (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroon footballer (b. 1975)
  • 2003 – Strom Thurmond, U.S. Senator (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Sir Dennis Thatcher MBE, husband of Margaret Thatcher (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Yash Johar, Indian film producer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Naomi Shemer, Israeli singer and song-writer (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Richard Whiteley, British television game show host (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Liz Claiborne, Belgian-born American fashion designer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Joey Sadler, All Black rugby player (b. 1914)

June 26 – Holidays:

  • International Day in Support of Torture Victims
  • International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
  • Madagascar: Independence Day
  • Thailand: Sunthorn Phu Day

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On This Day in History June 25

June 25 – Events:

  • 524 – Battle of Vézeronce, Franks defeat Burgundians.
  • 841 – Battle of Fontenay.
  • 1530 – The Augsburg Confession is presented at the Diet of Augsburg to the Holy Roman Emperor by the Lutheran princes and Electors of Germany.
  • 1678 – Elena Cornaro Piscopia is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy.
  • 1788 – Virginia becomes the 10th state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • 1876 – Battle of the Little Bighorn and the death of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer.
  • 1905 – Cullinan Diamond, the largest rough gem-quality diamond known, is discovered by Frederick Wells.
  • 1935 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Colombia were established.
  • 1938 – Dr. Douglas Hyde is inaugurated the first President of Ireland.
  • 1940 – France formally surrenders to Nazi Germany.
  • 1944 – The Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in the Nordic Countries begins.
  • 1947- The Diary of Anne Frank is published.
  • 1948 – The Berlin Airlift begins.
  • 1949 – Long-Haired Hare is released in Theaters starring Bugs Bunny and Giovanni Jones.
  • 1950 – The beginning of the Korean War, with the invasion of the South by the North.
  • 1967 – First global satellite television programme – Our World
  •  1975 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares Emergency in India, suspending civil liberties and elections.
  • 1975 – Mozambique achieved independence.
  • 1976 – Missouri Governor Christopher S. Bond issues an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order, formally apologizing on behalf of the state of Missouri for the suffering it had caused the Latter Day Saints.
  • 1981 – Microsoft Inc. is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington.
  • 1982 – Greece abolishes headshaving of the recruits in the military.
  • 1991 – Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.
  • 1993 – Kim Campbell is chosen as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and becomes the first female Prime Minister of Canada.
  • 1996 – The Khobar Towers bombing leaves 19 U.S. servicemen dead in Saudi Arabia.
  • 1997 – An unmanned Progress spacecraft collided with the Russian Space station, Mir.
  • 1998 – In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decides that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional.
  • 2007 – United Kingdom floods, parts of Lincolnshire flood including Louth and Horncastle

June 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1242 – Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittanny (d. 1275)
  • 1328 – William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (d. 1397)
  • 1560 – Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (d. 1634)
  • 1612 – John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (d. 1634)
  • 1715 – Joseph-François Foulon, French politician (d. 1789)
  • 1755 – Princess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia (d. 1776)
  • 1814 – Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (d. 1896)
  • 1852 – Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect (d. 1926)
  • 1858 – Georges Courteline, French dramatist (d. 1929)
  • 1860 – Gustave Charpentier, French composer (d. 1956)
  • 1863 – Emile Francqui, Belgian soldier (d. 1935)
  • 1864 – Walther Nernst, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1865 – Robert Henri, American painter (d. 1929)
  • 1884 – Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German art promoter (d. 1979)
  • 1886 – Henry H. Arnold, American Army Air Force commander (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – George Abbott, American playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1894 – Hermann Oberth, German physicist (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy of India (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa (d.1953)
  • 1903 – George Orwell (pen name of Eric Arthur Blair), British writer (d. 1950)
  • 1903 – Anne Revere, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – William Howard Stein, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1980)
  • 1912 – William T. Cahill, Governor of New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Cyril Fletcher, British comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Aimé Césaire, French poet, author, and politician
  • 1921 – Celia Franca, Canadian ballet dancer (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Nicholas Mosley, British writer
  • 1924 – Sidney Lumet, American film director
  • 1925 – June Lockhart, American actress
  • 1925 – Ted Stepien, American business (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian writer (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1928 – Peyo, Belgian illustrator (d. 1992)
  • 1928 – Bill Russo, American jazz composer (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Eric Carle, American author
  • 1930 – Mary Beth Peil, American singer
  • 1932 – Peter Blake, British artist
  • 1933 – James Meredith, American civil rights activist
  • 1933 – Álvaro Siza Vieira, Portuguese architect
  • 1935 – Eddie Floyd, American singer
  • 1936 – Jusuf Habibie, President of Indonesia
  • 1939 – Harold Melvin, American musician (Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes) (d. 1997)
  • 1939 – Allen Fox, American Tennis Player
  • 1939 – Clint Warwick, English musician (The Moody Blues) (d. 2004)
  • 1940 – A.J. Quinnell, British writer (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Denys Arcand, Canadian film director
  • 1942 – Michel Tremblay, Canadian playwright
  • 1944 – Robert Charlebois, Canadian singer
  • 1945 – Carly Simon, American singer
  • 1946 – Roméo Dallaire, Canadian senator
  • 1946 – Ian McDonald, English musician (King Crimson and Foreigner)
  • 1947 – Jimmie Walker, American actor (Good Times)
  • 1952 – Tim Finn, New Zealand singer/songwriter
  • 1952 – Alan Green, Northern Irish BBC sports broadcaster/commentator
  • 1954 – David Paich, composer (Toto)
  • 1956 – Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (d. 2004)
  • 1959 – Jari Puikkonen, Finnish ski jumper, Winter Olympics medalist
  • 1960 – Craig Johnston, Australian soccer player
  • 1961 – Ricky Gervais, English comedian
  • 1962 – Phill Jupitus, English comedian and broadcaster
  • 1963 – Yann Martel, Canadian author
  • 1963 – George Michael, British musician
  • 1963 – Doug Gilmour, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Johnny Herbert, English race car driver
  • 1964 – Emma Suárez, Spanish actress
  • 1966 – Dikembe Mutombo, Congolese (DRC) basketball player
  • 1968 – Oleg Taktarov, Russian martial artist
  • 1969 – Matt Gallant, American television host
  • 1969 – Zim Zum, American musician (former Marilyn Manson guitarist)
  • 1970 – Lucy Benjamin, British actress
  • 1970 – Ariel Gore, American journalist and author
  • 1970 – Erki Nool, Estonian decathlete
  • 1970 – Roope Latvala, Finnish musician
  • 1971 – Angela Kinsey, American actress
  • 1971 – Santiago de Tezanos, Uruguayan architect
  • 1971 – Neil Lennon, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1971 – Michael Tucker, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1972 – Mike Kroeger, Canadian musician (Nickelback)
  • 1973 – Jamie Redknapp, English footballer
  • 1974 – Jim LaMarca, American bass guitarist (Chimaira)
  • 1974 – Karisma Kapoor, Indian actress
  • 1975 – Linda Cardellini, American actress
  • 1975 – Chenoa, Spanish singer
  • 1975 – Albert Costa, Spanish tennis player
  • 1975 – Vladimir Kramnik, Russian chess player
  • 1975 – Natasha Klauss, Colombian actress
  • 1976 – José Cancela, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976 – Dubravka Vukotic, Montenegrin female actor
  • 1978 – Aftab Shivdasani, Bollywood actor
  • 1978 – Layla El, 2006 WWE Diva Search winner
  • 1978 – Luke Scott, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Brandi Burkhardt, American vocalist, theater actress, and beauty queen
  • 1979 – Katie Doyle, American actress and reality television star
  • 1979 – Hirooki Goto, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Busy Philipps, American actress
  • 1979 – Richard Hughes, Scottish footballer
  • 1980 – Maja Latinovic, Serbian model
  • 1980 – Nozomi Takeuchi, Japanese actress
  • 1981 – Sheridan Smith, British actress
  • 1981 – Simon Ammann, Swiss ski jumper
  • 1981 – Pooja Umashankar, Indian actress
  • 1982 – Mikhail Youzhny, Russian tennis player
  • 1982 – Rain, Korean singer (Rain, Jeong Ji-Hoon)
  • 1983 – Todd Cooper, British swimmer
  • 1986 – Aya Matsuura, Japanese singer
  • 1986 – Charlie Davies, American soccer player
  • 1988 – Amanda Dowler, British murder victim (d. 2002)

June 25 – Deaths:

  • 635 – Emperor Gaozu, first emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty (b. 566)
  • 1134 – King Niels of Denmark
  • 1218 – Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader (b. 1160)
  • 1483 – Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English writer
  • 1522 – Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer (b. 1451)
  • 1533 – Mary Tudor, queen consort of Louis XII of France (b. 1496)
  • 1579 – Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1541)
  • 1593 – Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener (b. 1541)
  • 1634 – John Marston, English playwright (b. 1576)
  • 1638 – Juan Pérez de Montalbán, Spanish writer (b. 1602)
  • 1665 – Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (b. 1630)
  • 1669 – François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (b. 1616)
  • 1673 – Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d’Artagnan, Captain of the Musketeers under Louis XIV of France (b. 1611)
  • 1671 – Giovanni Battista Riccioli, Italian astronomer (b. 1598)
  • 1686 – Simon Ushakov, Russian painter (b. 1626)
  • 1715 – Jean du Casse, French admiral (b. 1646)
  • 1767 – Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (b. 1681)
  • 1792 – Thomas Peters, Early Sierra Leonean founder (b. 1738)
  • 1798 – Thomas Sandby, English architect (b. 1721)
  • 1822 – E.T.A. Hoffmann, German writer (b. 1776)
  • 1838 – François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo, French general (b. 1774)
  • 1861 – Abd-ul-Mejid, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1823)
  • 1866 – Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist (b. 1803)
  • 1868 – Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (b. 1811)
  • 1875 – Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor of gooches (b. 1796)
  • 1876 – George Armstrong Custer, U.S. Army officer (b. 1839)
  • 1876 – Thomas Custer, Brother of George A. Custer & 2-time Medal of Honor winner (b. 1845)
  • 1876 – Boston Custer, Brother of George A. Custer (b. 1848)
  • 1876 – James C. Calhoun, Brother-in-Law of George Armstrong Custer & U.S. Soldier (b. 1845)
  • 1876 – Myles Keogh, U.S. Soldier & Irish Soldier of Fortune (b. 1840)
  • 1882 – François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
  • 1884 – Hans Rott, Austrian composer (b. 1858)
  • 1916 – Thomas Eakins, American artist (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – Jake Beckley, baseball player (b. 1867)
  • 1937 – Colin Clive, British actor (b. 1900)
  • 1944 – Lucha Reyes, Mexican singer (b. 1906)
  • 1948 – William C. Lee, U.S. general (b. 1895)
  • 1949 – Buck Freeman, baseball player (b. 1871)
  • 1959 – Charles Starkweather, spree killer (b. 1938)
  • 1960 – Tommy Corcoran, baseball player (b. 1869)
  • 1971 – John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1880)
  • 1974 – Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Johnny Mercer, American songwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1979 – Philippe Halsman, American photographer (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – Alberto Ginastera, Argentine composer (b. 1916)
  • 1984 – Michel Foucault, French philosopher (b. 1926)
  • 1985 – Morris Mason, American murderer (b. 1954)
  • 1990 – Ronald Gene Simmons, American mass murderer
  • 1992 – Jerome Brown, American football player (b. 1965)
  • 1995 – Warren Burger, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Fred Feast, English actor (b. 1929)
  • 2002 – Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Lester Maddox, American businessman, one-time segregationist and Governor of Georgia (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – John Fiedler, American Actor (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Jaap Penraat, Dutch architect (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Mahasti, Persian singer (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – J. Fred Duckett, Texan sports announcer and teacher (b. 1933)

June 25 – Holidays:

  • Statehood Day in Slovenia and Croatia
  • National Catfish Day
  • Mozambique – Independence Day
  • Spain – Fiesta of Santa Orosia

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On This Day in History June 24

June 24 – Events:

  • 972 – Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces.
  • 1128 – Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães. Portuguese forces led by Alfonso I defeat his mother D.Teresa and D.Fernão Peres de Trava. After this battle, the future king calls himself “Prince of Portugal,” the first step towards “official independence” in 1139, after the Battle of Ourique.
  • 1314 – End of the Battle of Bannockburn. Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce defeat Edward II of England. Scotland regains its independence.
  • 1340 – Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Sluys The French fleet was almost totally destroyed by the English Fleet commanded in person by Edward III of England.
  • 1374 – A sudden outbreak of St. John’s Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.
  • 1441 – Eton College founded.
  • 1497 – John Cabot lands on North America in Newfoundland; first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.
  • 1497 – Cornish traitors Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank executed at Tyburn, London
  • 1509 – Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon crowned King and Queen of England.
  • 1535 – The Anabaptist state of Münster is conquered and disbanded.
  • 1571 – Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founded Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines.
  • 1597 – The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reaches Bantam (on Java).
  • 1662 – Dutch attempt but fail to capture Macau.
  • 1664 – The colony of New Jersey is founded.
  • 1692 – Kingston, Jamaica is founded.
  • 1717 – The Grand Lodge of England, the first Freemasonic Grand Lodge (now the United Grand Lodge of England), is founded in London, England.
  • 1793 – First republican constitution in France adopted.
  • 1794 – Bowdoin College is founded.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon’s Grande Armée crosses the Neman River beginning his invasion of Russia.
  • 1813 – Battle of Beaver Dams : A British, and Indian joint force defeat the U.S Army.
  • 1821 – Battle of Carabobo – Battle of Carabobo was the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.
  • 1859 – Battle of Solferino: (Battle of the Three Sovereigns). Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy.
  • 1880 – First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.
  • 1894 – Marie Francois Sadi Carnot assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.
  • 1901 – First exhibition of Pablo Picasso’s work opens.
  • 1902 – King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.
  • 1913 – Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.
  • 1916 – Mary Pickford becomes first female film star to get million dollar contract.
  • 1916 – Battle of the Somme begins with a week-long artillery bombardment on the German Line.
  • 1918 – First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.
  • 1928 – With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada
  • 1932 – A military coup ends the absolute power of the king of Siam (Thailand).
  • 1938 – A 450 metric ton meteorite strikes the earth in an empty field near Chicora, Pennsylvania.
  • 1940 – France and Italy sign an armistice.
  • 1945 – Moscow Victory Parade
  • 1947 – Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.
  • 1948 – Start of the Berlin Blockade. The Soviet Union makes overland travel between the West with West Berlin impossible.
  • 1949 – The first Television Western, Hopalong Cassidy, is aired on NBC starring William Boyd.
  • 1957 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment.
  • 1963 – Zanzibar is granted internal self-government by the UK.
  • 1975 – An Eastern Air Lines Boeing 727 crashes at John F. Kennedy Airport, New York. 113 people die.
  • 1981 – What would be the world’s longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years, the Humber Bridge opens, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.
  • 1982 – British Airways Flight 9, sometimes referred to as the Jakarta incident, flew into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four engines.
  • 1983 – Space Shuttle program: STS-7 Mission Sally Ride, first female American astronaut, returns to earth.
  • 1985 – STS-51-G Space Shuttle Discovery completed its mission, best remembered for having Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the first Arab and first Muslim in space, as a Payload Specialist.
  • 1993 – Yale computer science professor Dr. David Gelernter loses the sight in one eye, the hearing in one ear, and part of his right hand after receiving a mail bomb from the Unabomber.
  • 1994 – A United States Air Force B-52 aircraft crashes at Fairchild Air Force Base, killing all four members of its crew.
  • 1995 – South Africa defeats New Zealand in the 1995 Rugby World Cup. The 1995 World cup was the first major sporting event in South Africa after Apartheid.
  • 2002 – The Igandu train disaster in Tanzania kills 281, the worst train accident in African history.
  • 2004 – Habib Dodo, the general secretary of the Communist Youth of Côte d’Ivoire is assassinated by pro-government forces.
  • 2004 – In New York, capital punishment was declared unconstitutional.
  • 2007 – The Angora Fire starts near South Lake Tahoe, California destroying 200+ structures in its first 48 hours.

June 24 – Birthdays:

  • 1244 – Henry I of Hesse (d. 1308)
  • 1343 – Jeanne de Valois, Queen of Navarre (d. 1473)
  • 1386 – Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian saint (d. 1456)
  • 1485 – Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (d. 1558)
  • 1519 – Theodore Beza, French theologian (d. 1605)
  • 1533 – Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (d. 1588)
  • 1535 – Joan of Spain, queen consort of Portugal (d. 1573)
  • 1542 – St. John of the Cross, Spanish Carmelite mystic and poet (d. 1591)
  • 1546 – Robert Parsons, English Jesuit priest (d. 1610)
  • 1663 – Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (d. 1742)
  • 1687 – Johann Albrecht Bengel, German scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1694 – Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Swiss publicist (d. 1748)
  • 1704 – Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d’Argens, French writer (d. 1771)
  • 1774 – François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo, French general (d. 1838)
  • 1777 – John Ross, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1856)
  • 1795 – Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (d. 1878)
  • 1803 – George James Webb, English-born composer (d. 1887)
  • 1804 – Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)
  • 1811 – John Archibald Campbell, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1889)
  • 1813 – Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman and reformer (d. 1887)
  • 1825 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1844)
  • 1826 – George Goyder, surveyor-general of South Australia (d. 1898)
  • 1842 – Ambrose Bierce, American author (disappeared 1914)
  • 1850 – Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, British field marshal (d. 1916)
  • 1860 – Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1882 – Carl Diem, German Olympic official (d. 1962)
  • 1882 – Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (d. 1953)
  • 1883 – Victor Franz Hess, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1886 – George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)
  • 1888 – Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – Roy O. Disney, a founder of the Walt Disney Company (d. 1971)
  • 1895 – Jack Dempsey, American boxer (d. 1983)
  • 1897 – Daniel K. Ludwig, American shipping magnate (d. 1992)
  • 1900 – Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1901 – Harry Partch, American composer (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Phil Harris, American singer, songwriter and comedian (d. 1995)
  • 1906 – Pierre Fournier, French cellist (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Willard Maas, American educator and experimental filmmaker (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Hugo Distler, German composer (d. 1942)
  • 1908 – Guru Gopinath, Indian classical dancer (d 1987)
  • 1908 – Alfons Rebane, Estonian military officer (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentine Formula One driver and five-time World Driving Champion (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Ernesto Sábato, Argentinian writer
  • 1912 – Brian Johnston, British cricket commentator (d 1994)
  • 1914 – Pearl Witherington CBE, British WW II secret agent
  • 1915 – Fred Hoyle, British astronomer (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra)
  • 1924 – Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1927 – Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1930 – Claude Chabrol, French film director
  • 1930 – William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Billy Casper, American golfer
  • 1934 – Jean-Pierre Ferland, Québec singer
  • 1935 – Terry Riley, American composer
  • 1938 – Lawrence Block, an acclaimed contemporary American crime writer
  • 1941 – Julia Kristeva, Bulgarian-French philosopher, psychoanalyst, and novelist
  • 1942 – Michele Lee, American actress
  • 1944 – Jeff Beck, English musician (The Yardbirds)
  • 1944 – Arthur Brown, English musician
  • 1944 – John “Charlie” Whitney, English guitarist (Family, Streetwalkers, Axis Point)
  • 1944 – Chris Wood, English musician (d. 1983)
  • 1945 – Colin Blunstone, English musician (The Zombies)
  • 1945 – George Pataki, American politician
  • 1945 – Wayne Cashman, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1946 – Ellison Onizuka, American astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1946 – David Collenette, Canadian politician
  • 1947 – Peter Weller, American actor
  • 1947 – Mick Fleetwood, English musician (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1948 – Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player (Yes)
  • 1949 – John Illsley, English bassist (Dire Straits)
  • 1950 – Mercedes Lackey, American author
  • 1950 – Nancy Allen, American actress
  • 1952 – Stephen Pusey, British-born artist
  • 1953 – Ivo Lill, Estonian artist
  • 1955 – Gurumayi Chidvilasananda, Guru of Siddha Yoga
  • 1955 – Betsy Randle, American actress
  • 1956 – Joe Penny, English actor
  • 1958 – Curt Fraser, American ice hockey coach
  • 1958 – Jean Charest, Premier of Québec
  • 1958 – John Tortorella, American ice hockey coach
  • 1960 – Trisha Meili, the “Central Park Jogger”
  • 1960 – Karin Pilsäter, Swedish politician
  • 1961 – Dennis Danell, American musician (Social Distortion) (d. 2000)
  • 1961 – Iain Glen, Scottish actor
  • 1961 – Bernie Nicholls, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Curt Smith, English musician and songwriter (Tears for Fears)
  • 1963 – Anatoly Borisovich Jurkin, Russian writer
  • 1963 – Preki, Serbian-born American soccer player
  • 1963 – Mike Wieringo, American comic book artist (d. 2007)
  • 1964 – Gary Suter, American ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Hope Sandoval, American singer-songwriter
  • 1966 – Adrienne Shelly, American actress, director and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Bill Huard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Richard Kruspe-Bernstein, German musician (Rammstein)
  • 1967 – Janez Lapajne, Slovenian film director
  • 1967 – Scott Oden, American writer
  • 1967 – Sherry Stringfield, American actress
  • 1969 – Sissel Kyrkjebø, Norwegian singer
  • 1970 – Glenn Medeiros, American singer
  • 1972 – Robbie McEwen, Australian cyclist
  • 1972 – Denis Zvegelj, Slovenian rower
  • 1973 – Alexander Beyer, German actor
  • 1973 – Ji Jin Hee, South Korean actor
  • 1975 – Carla Gallo, American actress
  • 1975 – Marek Malik, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Louisa Leaman, English author
  • 1976 – Brock Olivo, American football player
  • 1977 – Dimosthenis Dikoudis, Greek basketball player
  • 1978 – Luis García, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Pantelis Kafes, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Shunsuke Nakamura, Japanese footballer
  • 1978 – Ariel Pink, American musician
  • 1978 – Juan Román Riquelme, Argentine footballer
  • 1978 – Erno “Emppu” Vuorinen, Finnish guitarist (Nightwish)
  • 1979 – Petra Nemcová, Czechoslovakian-born supermodel
  • 1979 – Craig Shergold, British internet folklore subject
  • 1980 – Cicinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Andrew Jones, Australian racing driver
  • 1980 – Minka Kelly, American actress
  • 1982 – Brian Fitzgerald, American writer
  • 1982 – Kevin Nolan, English footballer
  • 1982 – Mark Penney, Canadian film director
  • 1982 – Jarret Stoll, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Clint Bajada, Maltese television and radio presenter
  • 1984 – J.J. Redick, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Kyle Searles, American actor
  • 1985 – Yukina Shirakawa, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1986 – Stuart Broad, English cricketer
  • 1986 – Phil Hughes, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Solange Knowles, American singer
  • 1987 – Arturo Lupoli, Italian footballer
  • 1987 – Lionel Messi, Argentine footballer

June 24 – Deaths:

  • 803 – Higbald of Lindisfarne
  • 1398 – Hongwu Emperor of China (b. 1328)
  • 1439 – Duke Frederick IV of Austria (b. 1382)
  • 1519 – Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara (b. 1480)
  • 1520 – Hosokawa Sumimoto, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1489)
  • 1604 – Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (b. 1550)
  • 1637 – Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (b. 1580)
  • 1643 – John Hampden, English politician (b. 1595)
  • 1766 – Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (b. 1678)
  • 1778 – Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (b. 1714)
  • 1803 – Matthew Thornton, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1714)
  • 1817 – Thomas McKean, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1734)
  • 1835 – Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician, commander of Greek naval forces in Greek War of Independence (b. 1769)
  • 1894 – Marie François Sadi Carnot, French statesman (b. 1837)
  • 1908 – Grover Cleveland, President of the United States (heart failure) (b. 1837)
  • 1909 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American writer (b. 1849)
  • 1922 – Walther Rathenau, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (assassinated) (b. 1867)
  • 1935 – Carlos Gardel, Argentine singer (airplane crash) (b. 1890)
  • 1947 – Emil Seidel, Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (b. 1864)
  • 1968 – Tony Hancock, British comedian (b. 1924)
  • 1977 – André-Gilles Fortin, French Canadian politician (b. 1943)
  • 1978 – Robert Charroux, French writer (b. 1909)
  • 1984 – Clarence Campbell, Canadian NHL president (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Jackie Gleason, American actor and musician (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter
  • 1997 – Don Hutson, American athlete (b. 1913)
  • 1997 – Brian Keith, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Vera Atkins, Romanian-born British intelligence officer (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – David Tomlinson, English actor (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Pierre Werner, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Vladimir Garin, Russian actor (b. 1987)
  • 2004 – Ifigeneia Giannopoulou, Greek songwriter (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Paul Winchell, American voice actor and ventriloquist (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Hakham Yedidia Shofet, Former chief rabbi of Iran (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Patsy Ramsey, mother of JonBenét Ramsey (b. 1956)
  • 2007 – Byron Baer, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Derek Dougan, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Natasja Saad, Danish reggae and dancehall artist (b. 1974)

June 24 – Holidays:

  • Fête nationale du Québec, also called St-Jean-Baptiste Day
  • One of the four Irish Quarter days in the Irish Calendar.
  • Discovery Day in Newfoundland and Labrador (celebrating the 1497 discovery by John Cabot)
  • Inti Raymi in Cusco
  • Jani – Latvia
  • Battle of Carabobo Day in Venezuela (1821)
  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of Rahmat (Mercy) – First day of the sixth month of the Bahá’í calendar
  • Midsummer Day in England
  • Roman Catholic Church:
    • Feast of the birth of Saint John the Baptist, patron saint of Québec, brush makers and knife sharpeners; also Festival of San Juan observed in Bolivia and Peru, Jaaniõhtu in Estonia.

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On This Day in History June 23

June 23 – Events:

  • 1305 – Flemish-French peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge.
  • 1314 – Start of the Battle of Bannockburn south of Stirling, Edward II of England & Robert I of Scotland met in battle.
  • Scotland won and Edward fled the field and Scotland.
  • 1532 – Henry VIII and François I sign secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.
  • 1565 – Turgut Reis (Dragut), commander of the Ottoman Navy dies, during the Siege of Malta.
  • 1611 – The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson’s fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never heard from again.
  • 1661 – Marriage contract between Charles II of England & Catharina of Portugal.
  • 1683 – William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.
  • 1713 – French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada.
  • 1757 – Battle of Plassey – 3000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj Ud Daulah at Plassey.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Krefeld – British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.
  • 1760 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Landeshut – Austria beats Prussia.
  • 1794 – Empress of Russia Catherine II grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev.
  • 1810 – John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: Great Britain had revoked the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.
  • 1860 – The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: At Fort Towson in Oklahoma Territory Confederate General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army.
  • 1868 – Christopher Latham Sholes receives a patent for Type-Writer.
  • 1887 – The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada, creating that nation’s first national park, Banff National Park.
  • 1888 – Frederick Douglass is the first African-American nominated for US president.
  • 1894 – International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
  • 1917 – In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.
  • 1919 – Defeat of German forces at Cesis in northern Latvia during Estonian Liberation War, now celebrated annually as Estonian Victory Day.
  • 1926 – The College Board administers the first SAT exam.
  • 1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to circumnavigate the world in a single-engine plane.
  • 1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.
  • 1940 – World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.
  • 1941 – Lithuanian Activist Front initiates Lithuanian 1941 independence from the Soviet Union; it lasted only briefly as the Nazis occupied Lithuania a few weeks later.
  • 1942 – World War II: The first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place on a trainload of Jews from Paris.
  • 1942 – World War II: Germany’s latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands in Wales.
  • 1943 – World War II: The British destroyers Eclipse and Laforey sink the Italian submarine Ascianghi in the Mediterranean after she torpedoes the cruiser HMS Newfoundland.
  • 1945 – The Imperial Japanese armed forces ended organized resistance to the U.S. armed forces in the Mabuni area on the southern tip of the main island of Okinawa.
  • 1947 – The United States Senate follows the United States House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry S. Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
  • 1955 – In the Strahov Stadium in Prague the 1st all-national Spartakiáda begins.
  • 1958 – The Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers.
  • 1959 – Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career).
  • 1959 – A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people.
  • 1967 – Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference.
  • 1967 – Mohawk Airlines Flight 40 crashes due to an incorrectly installed valve, killing all 34 on board.
  • 1968 – 74 are killed and 150 injured in a football stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires stadium.
  • 1969 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring chief Earl Warren.
  • 1972 – Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
  • 1972 – 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound.
  • 1973 – A fire at a house in Hull, England, which kills a six year old boy is passed off as an accident; it later emerges as the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale.
  • 1985 – A terrorist bomb aboard Air India flight 182 brings the Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland; killing all 329 people aboard.
  • 1990 – Moldavia declares independence.

June 23 – Birthdays:

  • 47 BC – Pharaoh Ptolemy XV of Egypt
  • 1373 – Queen Joan II of Naples (d. 1435)
  • 1433 – Francis II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1488)
  • 1456 – Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
  • 1534 – Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (d. 1582)
  • 1596 – Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (d. 1641)
  • 1612 – André Tacquet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1660)
  • 1668 – Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)
  • 1683 – Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (d. 1745)
  • 1703 – Maria Leszczynska, queen of Louis XV of France (d. 1768)
  • 1716 – Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (d. 1789)
  • 1750 – Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (d. 1801)
  • 1763 – Josephine de Beauharnais, Empress of France (d. 1814)
  • 1799 – John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
  • 1800 – Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and social activist (d. 1846)
  • 1824 – Carl Reinecke, German musician and composer (d. 1910)
  • 1884 – Cyclone Taylor, ice hockey player (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – Bronson M. Cutting, American politician (d. 1935)
  • 1889 – Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (d. 1956)
  • 1894 – King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Mathias Wieman, German actor (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – James Meade, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – David Lewis, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (d. 1987)
  • 1910 – Milt Hinton, American jazz bassist (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Alan Turing, English mathematician (d. 1954)
  • 1916 – Len Hutton, English cricketer (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Muhammad Boudiaf, Algerian political leader (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Hal Laycoe, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Miriam Karlin, English actress
  • 1927 – Bob Fosse, American choreographer (d. 1987)
  • 1929 – June Carter Cash, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Maurice Ferre, mayor of Miami
  • 1936 – Costas Simitis, Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1937 – Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
  • 1940 – Adam Faith, English singer and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Lord Irvine of Lairg, Scottish Lord Chancellor
  • 1940 – Wilma Rudolph, American runner (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – Stuart Sutcliffe, English musician (The Beatles) (d. 1962)
  • 1941 – Robert Hunter, American lyricist and poet (The Grateful Dead)
  • 1941 – Richard M. Richie Roberts, Former Marine and New Jersey Police Detective, Criminal Defense Attorney
  • 1943 – James Levine, American conductor
  • 1943 – Vint Cerf, American Internet pioneer
  • 1945 – Kjell Albin Abrahamson, Swedish journalist and writer.
  • 1946 – Ted Shackleford, American actor
  • 1947 – Bryan Brown, Australian actor
  • 1948 – Clarence Thomas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1948 – Darhyl S. Ramsey, American author
  • 1948 – Myles Goodwyn, Canadian guitarist and vocalist (April Wine)
  • 1949 – Gordon Bray, Australian sports broadcaster
  • 1950 – Douglas C. Lord, Canadian businessman
  • 1951 – Michèle Mouton, French race car driver
  • 1955 – Glenn Danzig, American musician (The Misfits and Danzig)
  • 1955 – Jordan, British actress and model
  • 1955 – Jean Tigana, French footballer
  • 1955 – Pierre Corbeil, Quebec politician
  • 1956 – Randy Jackson, American music producer
  • 1957 – Frances McDormand, American actress
  • 1960 – Donald Harrison, American musician
  • 1960 – Tatsuya Uemura, Japanese musician and programmer
  • 1961 – Zoran Janjetov, Serbian comic artist
  • 1962 – Chuck Billy, American singer
  • 1962 – Kari Takko, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Kevin Yagher, TV/film special effects technician
  • 1963 – Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer
  • 1963 – Steve Shelley, American musician (Crucifucks and Sonic Youth)
  • 1964 – Joss Whedon, American producer, director, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Yun Lou, Chinese gymnast
  • 1965 – Paul Arthurs, British guitarist (Oasis)
  • 1966 – Chico DeBarge, American musician (DeBarge)
  • 1966 – Richie Ren, Taiwanese musician
  • 1967 – Paul King, New Zealand politician
  • 1967 – Helen Geake, British archaeologist
  • 1969 – Martin Klebba, American actor
  • 1970 – Robert Brooks, American football player
  • 1970 – Yann Tiersen, French musician
  • 1971 – Felix Potvin, Canadian hockey player
  • 1972 – Selma Blair, American actress
  • 1972 – Ron Corning, American television anchor
  • 1972 – Zinedine Zidane, French footballer
  • 1973 – Marie N, Latvian singer
  • 1974 – Joel Edgerton, Australian actor
  • 1975 – Kevin Dyson, American football player
  • 1975 – KT Tunstall, Scottish singer and songwriter
  • 1976 – Joe Becker, American musician
  • 1976 – Brandon Stokley, American football player
  • 1976 – Patrick Monahan, British comedian
  • 1976 – Patrick Vieira, French footballer
  • 1977 – Miguel Ángel Angulo, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Hayden Foxe, Australian footballer
  • 1977 – Jason Mraz, American singer and songwriter
  • 1978 – Memphis Bleek, American rapper
  • 1978 – Matt Light, American football player
  • 1979 – LaDainian Tomlinson, American football player
  • 1980 – Ramnaresh Sarwan, Guyanese cricketer
  • 1981 – Ni~ya, Japanese bassist
  • 1983 – Jason Berrent, American performer
  • 1988 – Isabella Leong Lok-Sze, Hong Kong singer, actress and model
  • 1988 – Chellsie Memmel, American gymnast

June 23 – Deaths:

  • 79 – Vespasian, Roman Emperor (b. 9)
  • 1018 – Henry I of Austria
  • 1516 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)
  • 1555 – Pedro Mascarenhas, Portuguese explorer (b. 1470)
  • 1582 – Shimizu Muneharu, Japanese military leader (b. 1537)
  • 1615 – Mashita Nagamori, Japanese warlord (b. 1545)
  • 1677 – Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1647)
  • 1686 – William Coventry, English statesman
  • 1707 – John Mill, English theologian
  • 1733 – Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar (b. 1672)
  • 1770 – Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (b. 1721)
  • 1775 – Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (b. 1692)
  • 1779 – Ras Mikael Sehul, warlord of Ethiopia (b. about 1691)
  • 1806 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1856 – Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1832 – James Hall, Scottish geologist (b. 1761)
  • 1891 – Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (b. 1804)
  • 1893 – Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
  • 1926 – Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1956 – Reinhold Glière, Russian composer (b. 1875)
  • 1959 – Boris Vian, French writer and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1969 – Volmari Iso-Hollo, Finnish athlete (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Clyfford Still, American painter (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fourth President of India (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Zarah Leander, Swedish actress and singer (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – Vincent Chin, Chinese-American hate crime victim (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Werner Best, German jurist and nazi leader (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Eric Andolsek, American football player (b. 1966)
  • 1995 – Jonas Salk, American medical researcher (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Anatoly Tarasov, Russian ice hockey coach (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
  • 1998 – Maureen O’Sullivan, Irish actress (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Buster Merryfield, British actor (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Yvonne Dionne, one of the Canadian Dionne quintuplets (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Pedro ‘El Rockero’ Alcazar, Panamanian boxer (b. 1975)
  • 2003 – Maynard Jackson, Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Shana Alexander, American columnist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Aaron Spelling, American television producer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Luke Graham, wrestler, and one-half of first-ever WWF Tag Team Champions (b. 1940)
  • 2006 – Harriet, a 175 year old tortoise (b. 1830)
  • 2007 – Rod Beck, baseball player (b. 1968)

June 23 – Holidays:

  • Midsummer’s Eve, Christianized as the eve of the feast of Saint John the Baptist, is celebrated in much of Northern Europe and the British Isles
  • Victory Day – Estonia
  • Father’s Day – Poland, Nicaragua and Uganda
  • Grand Duke’s Official Birthday – Luxembourg

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On This Day in History June 22

June 22 – Events:

  • 217 BC – Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom
  • 168 BC – Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War
  • 1593 – Battle of Sisak: Croat troops defeat the Turks
  • 1633 – The Holy Office in Rome forces Galileo Galilei to recant his scientific view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.
  • 1783 – Poisonous cloud from Laki volcanic eruption in Iceland reaches Le Havre in France.
  • 1812 – Napoleon declares war to Russia
  • 1815 – Second abdication of Napoleon
  • 1825 – British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North  America.
  • 1844 – Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University.
  • 1848 – Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • 1866 – Battle of Custoza: an Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.
  • 1893 – The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rams the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria which sinks taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet’s commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: United States Marines land in Cuba.
  • 1911 – George V is crowned King of the United Kingdom, succeeding his father, Edward VII.
  • 1918 – Hammond circus train wreck kills 86 and injures 127 near Hammond, Indiana.
  • 1937 – Camille Chautemps becomes Prime Minister of France
  • 1940 – France forced to sign the Second Compiègne armistice with Nazi Germany.
  • 1941 – Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, one of the most dramatic turning points of World War II.
  • 1941 – First anti-fascist armed unit in occupied Europe founded by Croatian partisans near Sisak,  Croatia.
  • 1941 – The Lithuanian 1941 independence begins
  • 1941 – Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group.
  • 1944 – Opening day of the Soviet Union’s Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • 1954 – Murder of Honora Parker in Christchurch (New Zealand) by her daughter Pauline Parker and her girlfriend Juliet Hulme, both 16 years old.
  • 1957 – Soviet Union launches R-12 missile for the first time (in Kapustin Yar)
  • 1962 – An Air France Boeing 707 jet crashes in bad weather in Guadeloupe, West Indies killing 113
  • 1963 – Giovanni Cardinal Montini elected Pope by the College of Cardinals, and takes the name Pope Paul VI.
  • 1969 – The Cuyahoga River caught fire, which triggered a crack-down on pollution in the river.
  • 1976 – Canadian House of Commons abolishes capital punishment.
  • 1978 – Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, is discovered.
  • 2002 – An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people.

June 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1680 – Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
  • 1684 – Francesco Manfredini, Italian baroque composer (d. 1762)
  • 1704 – John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1713 – Lord John Philip Sackville, English cricketer (d. 1765)
  • 1738 – Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
  • 1757 – George Vancouver, British explorer (d. 1798)
  • 1767 – Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
  • 1805 – Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian politician (d. 1872)
  • 1837 – Paul Morphy, American chess master (d. 1884)
  • 1845 – Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
  • 1856 – H. Rider Haggard, English author (d. 1925)
  • 1861 – Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
  • 1864 – Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (d. 1909)
  • 1871 – William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
  • 1879 – Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – James Rector, American athlete (d. 1949)
  • 1885 – Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Julian Huxley, British biologist (d. 1975)
  • 1888 – Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – Norbert Elias, German sociologist (d. 1990)
  • 1898 – Erich Maria Remarque, German writer (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Michal Kalecki, Polish economist (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (d. 1950)
  • 1903 – Carl Hubbell, baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
  • 1906 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and pilot (d. 2001)
  • 1906 – Billy Wilder, Austrian-born director (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – Mike Todd, American film producer (d. 1958)
  • 1909 – Maurice Adler, American film producer (d. 1960)
  • 1910 – Peter Pears, English tenor (d. 1986)
  • 1910 – Konrad Zuse, German engineer (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)
  • 1919 – Gower Champion, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1980)
  • 1920 – Paul Frees, American voice actor (d. 1986)
  • 1921 – Joseph Papp, American director and producer (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Bill Blass, American fashion designer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Geza Vermes, Hungarian author and scholar of religious history and the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • 1927 – Ann Petersen, Belgian actress (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Yuri Artyukhin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
  • 1932 – Prunella Scales, English actress
  • 1933 – Dianne Feinstein, American politician
  • 1933 – Jacques Martin, French TV host (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Libor Pešek, Czech conductor
  • 1936 – Kris Kristofferson, American singer/songwriter and actor
  • 1936 – Hermeto Pascoal, Brazilian musician
  • 1939 – Don Matthews, American football coach in the CFL
  • 1940 – Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter
  • 1940 – Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian filmmaker/poet
  • 1941 – Ed Bradley, American journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Michael Lerner, American actor
  • 1943 – Brit Hume, American news anchor and commentator
  • 1943 – Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
  • 1944 – Klaus Maria Brandauer, Austrian actor
  • 1944 – Peter Asher, British singer, guitarist and producer (Peter & Gordon)
  • 1946 – Eliades Ochoa, Cuban guitarist (Buena Vista Social Club)
  • 1947 – Octavia Butler, American author (d. 2006)
  • 1947 – Jerry Rawlings, former President of Ghana
  • 1947 – David Lander, American actor and baseball scout
  • 1947 – Howard Kaylan, founding member of The Turtles
  • 1947 – Pete Maravich, American basketball player (d. 1988)
  • 1948 – Todd Rundgren, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1949 – Meryl Streep, American actress
  • 1949 – Lindsay Wagner, American actress
  • 1949 – Alan Osmond, American singer
  • 1952 – Graham Greene, Canadian actor
  • 1953 – Cyndi Lauper, American singer
  • 1953 – Bruce McAvaney, Australian sports broadcaster
  • 1954 – Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
  • 1956 – Tim Russ, American actor
  • 1955 – Green Gartside, Welsh singer songwriter
  • 1957 – Garry Gary Beers, Australian bassist from group INXS
  • 1957 – Danny Baker, English comedy writer and radio presenter
  • 1958 – Bruce Campbell, American actor
  • 1959 – Wayne Federman, American comedian
  • 1959 – Nicola Sirkis, French singer and lyricist (Indochine)
  • 1959 – Mike O’Meara, co-host of Don and Mike Show
  • 1961 – Jimmy Sommerville, Scottish singer (Bronski Beat, Communards)
  • 1962 – Clyde Drexler, former American NBA player
  • 1962 – Stephen Chow, Hong Kong actor and director
  • 1962 – Bobby Gillespie, Scottish musician (Primal Scream)
  • 1963 – Randy Couture, American mixed martial artist
  • 1964 – Dan Brown, American author
  • 1965 – Lubomír Moravcík, Slovakian footballer
  • 1966 – Michael Park, WRC co-pilot (d. 2005)
  • 1966 – Emmanuelle Seigner, French actress
  • 1968 – Darrell Armstrong, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Steven Page, Canadian singer (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1970 – Michel Elefteriades, Greek-Lebanese politician, artist, producer and businessman
  • 1971 – Mary Lynn Rajskub, American actress
  • 1971 – Kurt Warner, American football player
  • 1973 – Carson Daly, American television personality
  • 1974 – Donald Faison, American actor
  • 1974 – Joseph Vijay,Tamil actor also called “Ilaya thalapathy”
  • 1975 – Andreas Klöden, German professional road bicycle racer
  • 1975 – Laila Rouass, Moroccan-Indian actress
  • 1976 – Gordon Moakes, English musician (Bloc Party)
  • 1978 – Champ Bailey, American football player
  • 1978 – Jai Rodriguez, American TV personality
  • 1978 – Dan Wheldon, British race car driver
  • 1979 – Joey Cheek, American speed skater
  • 1979 – Thomas Voeckler, French road bicycle racer
  • 1979 – Brad Hawpe, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Chris Urbanowicz, guitarist of British rock band Editors
  • 1982 – Soraia Chaves, Portuguese actress and model
  • 1982 – Ian Kinsler, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Jerome Taylor, West Indies international cricketer
  • 1984 – Janko Tipsarevic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1985 – Rosa Kato, Italian-Japanese model and actress
  • 1988 – Kieran Lee, English football player

June 22 – Deaths:

  • 1276 – Pope Innocent V
  • 1429 – Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
  • 1535 – John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester (executed)
  • 1632 – James Whitelocke, English judge (b. 1570)
  • 1634 – Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
  • 1699 – Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
  • 1714 – Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
  • 1868 – Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (b. 1801)
  • 1874 – Howard Staunton, English chess master (b. 1810)
  • 1892 – Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (b. 1819)
  • 1894 – Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian archbishop (b. 1823)
  • 1905 – Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • 1913 – Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (b. 1875)
  • 1925 – Felix Klein, German mathematician (b. 1849)
  • 1928 – A. B. Frost, American illustrator (b. 1851)
  • 1931 – Armand Fallières, French president (b. 1841)
  • 1932 – Tommy Treichel, American professional wrestler (b. 1892)
  • 1933 – Henry Birkin, British racing driver (b. 1896)
  • 1935 – Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, diplomat and politician (b. 1866)
  • 1959 – Hermann Brill, German politician (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – Maria of Romania, Queen Consort of Yugoslavia (b. 1900)
  • 1963 – Maria Tanase, Romanian singer of traditional and popular music (b. 1913)
  • 1964 – Havank, Dutch writer (b. 1904)
  • 1965 – David O. Selznick, American film producer (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Judy Garland, American singer and actress (b. 1922)
  • 1974 – Horace Lindrum, Australian snooker and billiards player (b. 1912)
  • 1974 – Darius Milhaud, French composer (b. 1892)
  • 1977 – Peter Laughner, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (Rocket From the Tombs, Pere Ubu) (b. 1952)
  • 1979 – Louis Chiron, Monaco race car driver (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Joseph Losey, American theater and film director (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Fred Astaire, American dancer and actor (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Dennis Day, American singer and actor (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Lucien Saulnier, French Canadian politician (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Chuck Mitchell, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1993 – Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Otto Bradfisch, Nazi leader (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Al Hansen, American artist (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Ted Gärdestad, Swedish singer (b. 1956)
  • 1997 – Don Henderson, English actor (b. 1932)
  • 1997 – Gérard Pelletier, French Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Darryl Kile, American baseball player (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Ann Landers, American columnist (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Mattie Stepanek, American poet (b. 1990)
  • 2004 – Bob Bemer, computer scientist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
  • 2006 – Moose (dog actor), dog actor popular for role on Frasier (b. 1990)
  • 2007 – Nancy Benoit, former professional wrestling valet(b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Erik Parlevliet, Dutch field hockey player (b. 1964)

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On This Day in History June 21

June 21 – Events:

  • 524 – Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce.
  • 1582 – Incident at Honno-ji in Kyoto, Japan.
  • 1621 – Execution of 27 Czech noblemen on the Old Town Square in Prague as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain.
  • 1665 – First soldiers of Le Régiment de Carignan-Salières arrive at Quebec to invade Iroquois territories.
  • 1734 – In Montreal in New France (today primarily Quebec), a black slave known by the French name of Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city, was tortured and hanged by the French authorities in a public ceremony that involved her disgrace and the amputation of a hand.
  • 1749 – Halifax, Nova Scotia, founded.
  • 1788 – New Hampshire ratifies the Constitution and is thus admitted as the 9th state in the United States.
  • 1798 – Irish Rebellion of 1798: The British Army defeats Irish rebels at Battle of Vinegar Hill
  • 1813 – Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria
  • 1813 – Laura Secord sets out to warn British forces of an impending U.S. attack on Queenston, Ontario during the War of 1812.
  • 1824 – Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.
  • 1826 – Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas
  • 1854 – First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands.
  • 1864 – New Zealand Land Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends.
  • 1877 – The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania Prisons.
  • 1898 – Guam becomes a U.S. territory.
  • 1915 – The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.
  • 1919 – Royal Canadian Mounted Police fire a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during the Winnipeg General Strike.
  • 1919 – Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttles the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The nine sailors killed were the last casualties of the First World War.
  • 1940 – World War II: France surrenders to Germany.
  • 1940 – First successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • 1942 – World War II: Tobruk falls to Italian and German forces.
  • 1942 – World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaces near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by the Japanese against the U.S. mainland.
  • 1945 – World War II: Battle of Okinawa ends.
  • 1948 – The “Manchester Baby” (SSEM) runs the first ever computer program stored in electronic memory.
  • 1952 – Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, was converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
  • 1957 – Ellen Louks Fairclough sworn in as Canada’s first woman Cabinet Minister
  • 1964 – Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner, are murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.
  • 1973 – In handing down the decision in Miller v. California 413 US 15, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the Miller Test, which now governs obscenity in U.S. law.
  • 1982 – John Hinckley is found not guilty by reason of insanity for the attempted assassination of U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
  • 2000 – Section 28 (outlawing the ‘promotion’ of homosexuality in the United Kingdom) repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote.
  • 2001 – A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Va., indicted 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen.
  • 2002 – The World Health Organization declares Europe polio free.
  • 2004 – SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.
  • 2006 – Pluto’s newly discovered moons are officially christened Nix & Hydra.

June 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1002 – Pope Leo IX (d. 1054)
  • 1226 – King Boleslaus V of Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1528 – Maria of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress (1603)
  • 1535 – Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (d. 1596)
  • 1639 – Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister (d. 1723)
  • 1646 – Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German philosopher and scientist (d. 1716)
  • 1646 – Maria Francisca of Nemours, queen of Portugal (d. 1683)
  • 1676 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1712 – Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (d. 1790)
  • 1730 – Motoori Norinaga, Japanese scholar (d. 1801)
  • 1732 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (d. 1791)
  • 1736 – Enoch Poor, American general in the Continental Army (d. 1780)
  • 1759 – Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier (d. 1817)
  • 1763 – Pierre Paul Royer-Collard, French philosopher (d. 1845)
  • 1764 – Sidney Smith, British admiral (d. 1840)
  • 1774 – Daniel D. Tompkins, Congressman, Governor of New York, and sixth Vice President of the United States (d. 1825)
  • 1781 – Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1840)
  • 1782 – Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (d. 1852)
  • 1788 – Princess Augusta of Bavaria (d. 1850)
  • 1791 – Robert Napier, British engineer (d. 1876)
  • 1798 – Wolfgang Menzel, German writer (d. 1873)
  • 1805 – Charles Thomas Jackson, American scientist, polymath (d. 1880)
  • 1811 – Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1812 – Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist (d. 1875)
  • 1823 – Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (d. 1873)
  • 1825 – William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford (d. 1901)
  • 1828 – Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (d. 1904)
  • 1839 – Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (d. 1908)
  • 1850 – Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (d. 1941)
  • 1858 – Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (d. 1928)
  • 1859 – Henry Ossawa Tanner, American painter (d. 1937)
  • 1862 – Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (d. 1943)
  • 1863 – Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1864 – Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss art historian (d. 1945)
  • 1868 – Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist (d. 1946)
  • 1870 – Clara Immerwahr, German chemist (d. 1915)
  • 1876 – Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (d. 1956)
  • 1880 – Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – Rockwell Kent, American artist (d. 1971)
  • 1882 – Lluís Companys i Jover, Spanish politician (d. 1940)
  • 1883 – Fyodor Gladkov, Russian writer (d. 1958)
  • 1884 – Claude Auchinleck, British field marshal (d. 1981)
  • 1887 – Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist (d. 1956)
  • 1889 – Ralph Craig, American athlete (d. 1972)
  • 1891 – Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian architect (d. 1979)
  • 1891 – Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (d. 1966)
  • 1892 – Reinhold Niebuhr, Protestant theologian (d. 1971)
  • 1893 – Alois Hába, Czech composer (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Charles B. Momsen, American inventor (d. 1967)
  • 1898 – Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer (d. 1964)
  • 1902 – Howie Morenz, professional ice hockey player (d. 1937)
  • 1903 – Al Hirschfeld, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1905 – Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Harold Spina, American composer (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – William Frankena, American philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Soviet poet (d. 1971)
  • 1912 – Mary McCarthy, American writer (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot and officer of the Home Army’s intelligence and counterintelligence (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – William Vickrey, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Joseph Cyril Bamford, English inventor and industrialist
  • 1916 – Buddy O’Connor, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – James Clyde Mitchell, English sociologist and anthropologist
  • 1919 – Gérard Pelletier, French Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Vladimir Simagin, Russian chess master and teacher
  • 1919 – Paolo Soleri, Italian-born American architect
  • 1921 – Judy Holliday, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1921 – Jane Russell, American actress
  • 1921 – Jean de Broglie, French politician
  • 1923 – Jacques Hébert, French Canadian author, journalist and politician
  • 1924 – Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and pioneering museum director (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Jean Laplanche, French psychoanalytic thinker
  • 1924 – Max McNab, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Giovanni Spadolini, Italian politician (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Maureen Stapleton, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Conrad Hall, Tahitian-born cinematographer (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Carl Stokes, Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1929 – Alexandre Lagoya, Greek-Italian classical guitarist (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Sir Gerald Kaufman, British politician
  • 1930 – Mike McCormack, American professional football player
  • 1931 – Margaret Mary O’Shaughnessy Heckler, U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • 1932 – O.C. Smith, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1932 – Lalo Schifrin, Argentine pianist and composer
  • 1935 – Françoise Sagan, French writer (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Ron Ely, American actor
  • 1939 – Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1940 – Mariette Hartley, American actress
  • 1940 – Michael Ruse, Canadian philosopher
  • 1941 – Joe Flaherty, American-Canadian actor
  • 1942 – Togo D. West, Jr., American attorney and public official
  • 1942 – Dan Henning, American football player
  • 1942 – Henry S. Taylor, American writer
  • 1943 – Salomé, Spanish singer
  • 1944 – Ray Davies, English musician (The Kinks)
  • 1944 – Corinna Tsopei, Greek beauty pageant winner, the first Greek Miss Universe
  • 1945 – Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher, poet
  • 1946 – Brenda Holloway, American musician
  • 1946- Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian comedian and author
  • 1947 – Meredith Baxter, American actress
  • 1947 – Michael Gross, American actor
  • 1947 – Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Joey Molland, English musician (Badfinger)
  • 1948 – Ian McEwan, English writer
  • 1948 – Lionel Rose, Australian boxer
  • 1948 – Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer
  • 1950 – Anne Carson, Canadian poet
  • 1950 – Joey Kramer, American drummer and percussionist (Aerosmith)
  • 1950 – Vasilis Papakonstantinou, Greek singer and musician
  • 1950 – Gérard Lanvin, French actor
  • 1951 – Nils Lofgren, American musician
  • 1952 – Kôichi Mashimo, Japanese anime director
  • 1953 – Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2007)
  • 1953 – Michael Bowen, American actor
  • 1954 – Müjde Ar, Turkish actress
  • 1954 – Mark Kimmitt, US Army general
  • 1954 – Anne Kirkbride, English actress
  • 1954 – Robert Menasse, Austrian writer
  • 1954 – Augustus Pablo, Jamaican musician (d. 1999)
  • 1954 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1955 – Tim Bray, Canadian computer programmer
  • 1955 – Leigh McCloskey, American actor
  • 1955 – Michel Platini, French footballer
  • 1957 – Berkeley Breathed, American cartoonist and author
  • 1957 – Lucien DeBlois, professional ice hockey player
  • 1958 – Gennady Padalka, cosmonaut
  • 1959 – Tom Chambers, American basketball player
  • 1959 – Marcella Detroit, singer and songwriter (Shakespeare’s Sister)
  • 1959 – Kathy Mattea, American country singer
  • 1961 – Kip Winger, American musician
  • 1962 – Viktor Tsoi, Russian musician
  • 1962 – Takeshi Asami, Japanese racing driver
  • 1964 – Doug Savant, American actor
  • 1964 – Sammi Davis, British actor
  • 1965 – Larry Wachowski, film director
  • 1965 – Yang Liwei, Chinese astronaut
  • 1966 – Rudi Bakhtiar, American journalist
  • 1966 – Mancow Muller, American radio personality
  • 1966 – Nan Woods, American actress
  • 1967 – Jim Breuer, American comedian
  • 1967 – Pierre Omidyar, founder of eBay
  • 1967 – Derrick Coleman, American basketball player
  • 1968 – Sonique, British DJ
  • 1968 – Alisyn Camerota, American journalist
  • 1968 – Gretchen Carlson, American journalist
  • 1969 – Gabriella Paruzzi, Italian skier
  • 1970 – Sindee Coxx, American pornographic actress
  • 1970 – Pete Rock, American rapper/producer
  • 1971 – Marianne Lie Berg, Norwegian philosopher
  • 1971 – Anette Olzon, Swedish singer
  • 1972 – Alon Hilu, Israeli writer
  • 1972 – Neil Doak, former Irish cricketer
  • 1973 – Juliette Lewis, American actress
  • 1974 – Natasha Desborough, British radio personality
  • 1974 – Craig Lowndes, Australian racing driver
  • 1976 – Mike Einziger, American musician (Incubus)
  • 1976 – Nigel Lappin, Australian footballer
  • 1977 – Jochen Hecht, German ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Cristiano Lupatelli, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Jack Guzman, American actor
  • 1978 – Erica Durance, Canadian actress
  • 1979 – Chris Pratt, American actor
  • 1980 – Sendy Rleal, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Richard Jefferson, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Brandon Flowers, American singer and keyboardist (The Killers)
  • 1981 – Yann Danis, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Prince William of Wales, British prince
  • 1984 – Alicia Alighatti, American pornographic actress
  • 1984 – Franck Perera, French racing driver
  • 1985 – Anthony Morelli, American football player
  • 1985 – Byron Schammer, AFL footballer
  • 1987 – Dale Thomas, AFL footballer

June 21 – Deaths:

  • 1305 – King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)
  • 1377 – King Edward III of England (b. 1312)
  • 1527 – Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian historian and political author (b. 1469)
  • 1529 – John Skelton, English poet
  • 1547 – Sebastiano del Piombo, Italian painter (b. 1485)
  • 1582 – Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534)
  • 1591 – Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (b. 1568)
  • 1621 – Kryštof Harant, Polish soldier, writer, and composer (b. 1564)
  • 1652 – Inigo Jones, English architect (b. 1573)
  • 1738 – Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)
  • 1796 – Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1710)
  • 1824 – Étienne Aignan, French writer (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Frances Adeline Seward, wife of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (b. 1824)
  • 1874 – Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1814)
  • 1893 – Leland Stanford, American business tycoon and founder of Stanford University
  • 1908 – Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (b. 1844)
  • 1914 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b.  1843)
  • 1934 – Thorne Smith, American author (b. 1892)
  • 1940 – Smedley Butler, American Marine general (b. 1881)
  • 1951 – Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer (b. 1867)
  • 1952 – Wilfrid ‘Wop’ May, Canadian aviation pioneer (b. 1896)
  • 1954 – Gideon Sundback, invented the zipper (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1964 – James Chaney, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
  • 1964 – Andrew Goodman, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
  • 1964 – Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (b. 1939)
  • 1969 – Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (b. 1934)
  • 1970 – Sukarno, President of Indonesia (b. 1901)
  • 1976 – Margaret Herrick, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences director (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Angus Maclise, American mystic, shaman, musician, and composer (b. 1938)
  • 1980 – Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1985 – Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1901)
  • 1986 – Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer and author (b. 1923)
  • 1993 – Ticho Parly, Danish tenor (b. 1928)
  • 1997 – Shintaro Katsu, Japanese entertainer (b. 1931)
  • 1997 – Fidel Velázquez Sánchez, Mexican labour leader (b. 1900)
  • 1998 – Al Campanis, American baseball executive (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Kami, Japanese drummer (Malice Mizer) (b. 1973)
  • 2000 – Alan Hovhaness, American composer (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – John Lee Hooker, American musician (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Carroll O’Connor, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Roger Neilson, Canadian ice hockey coach (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Leon Uris, American writer (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Leonel Brizola, Brazilian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Bob Evans, American restaurateur (b. 1918)

June 21 – Holidays:

  • Summer solstice (Northern Hemisphere) and winter solstice (Southern Hemisphere) celebrations
  • National Aboriginal Day in Canada (starting in 1996)
  • Midsummer – Neopagan festival – Litha
  • National Day of Greenland
  • Fête de la Musique World Music Day, since 1982.
  • National Go Skateboarding Day

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