Monthly Archives: June 2011

On This Day in History June 23

June 23 – Events:

  • 1305 – Flemish-French peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge.
  • 1314 – Start of the Battle of Bannockburn south of Stirling, Edward II of England & Robert I of Scotland met in battle.
  • Scotland won and Edward fled the field and Scotland.
  • 1532 – Henry VIII and François I sign secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.
  • 1565 – Turgut Reis (Dragut), commander of the Ottoman Navy dies, during the Siege of Malta.
  • 1611 – The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson’s fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never heard from again.
  • 1661 – Marriage contract between Charles II of England & Catharina of Portugal.
  • 1683 – William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.
  • 1713 – French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada.
  • 1757 – Battle of Plassey – 3000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj Ud Daulah at Plassey.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Krefeld – British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.
  • 1760 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Landeshut – Austria beats Prussia.
  • 1794 – Empress of Russia Catherine II grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev.
  • 1810 – John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: Great Britain had revoked the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.
  • 1860 – The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: At Fort Towson in Oklahoma Territory Confederate General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army.
  • 1868 – Christopher Latham Sholes receives a patent for Type-Writer.
  • 1887 – The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada, creating that nation’s first national park, Banff National Park.
  • 1888 – Frederick Douglass is the first African-American nominated for US president.
  • 1894 – International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
  • 1917 – In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.
  • 1919 – Defeat of German forces at Cesis in northern Latvia during Estonian Liberation War, now celebrated annually as Estonian Victory Day.
  • 1926 – The College Board administers the first SAT exam.
  • 1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to circumnavigate the world in a single-engine plane.
  • 1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.
  • 1940 – World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.
  • 1941 – Lithuanian Activist Front initiates Lithuanian 1941 independence from the Soviet Union; it lasted only briefly as the Nazis occupied Lithuania a few weeks later.
  • 1942 – World War II: The first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place on a trainload of Jews from Paris.
  • 1942 – World War II: Germany’s latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands in Wales.
  • 1943 – World War II: The British destroyers Eclipse and Laforey sink the Italian submarine Ascianghi in the Mediterranean after she torpedoes the cruiser HMS Newfoundland.
  • 1945 – The Imperial Japanese armed forces ended organized resistance to the U.S. armed forces in the Mabuni area on the southern tip of the main island of Okinawa.
  • 1947 – The United States Senate follows the United States House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry S. Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
  • 1955 – In the Strahov Stadium in Prague the 1st all-national Spartakiáda begins.
  • 1958 – The Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers.
  • 1959 – Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career).
  • 1959 – A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people.
  • 1967 – Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference.
  • 1967 – Mohawk Airlines Flight 40 crashes due to an incorrectly installed valve, killing all 34 on board.
  • 1968 – 74 are killed and 150 injured in a football stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires stadium.
  • 1969 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring chief Earl Warren.
  • 1972 – Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
  • 1972 – 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound.
  • 1973 – A fire at a house in Hull, England, which kills a six year old boy is passed off as an accident; it later emerges as the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale.
  • 1985 – A terrorist bomb aboard Air India flight 182 brings the Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland; killing all 329 people aboard.
  • 1990 – Moldavia declares independence.

June 23 – Birthdays:

  • 47 BC – Pharaoh Ptolemy XV of Egypt
  • 1373 – Queen Joan II of Naples (d. 1435)
  • 1433 – Francis II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1488)
  • 1456 – Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
  • 1534 – Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (d. 1582)
  • 1596 – Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (d. 1641)
  • 1612 – André Tacquet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1660)
  • 1668 – Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)
  • 1683 – Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (d. 1745)
  • 1703 – Maria Leszczynska, queen of Louis XV of France (d. 1768)
  • 1716 – Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (d. 1789)
  • 1750 – Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (d. 1801)
  • 1763 – Josephine de Beauharnais, Empress of France (d. 1814)
  • 1799 – John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
  • 1800 – Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and social activist (d. 1846)
  • 1824 – Carl Reinecke, German musician and composer (d. 1910)
  • 1884 – Cyclone Taylor, ice hockey player (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – Bronson M. Cutting, American politician (d. 1935)
  • 1889 – Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (d. 1956)
  • 1894 – King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Mathias Wieman, German actor (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – James Meade, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – David Lewis, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (d. 1987)
  • 1910 – Milt Hinton, American jazz bassist (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Alan Turing, English mathematician (d. 1954)
  • 1916 – Len Hutton, English cricketer (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Muhammad Boudiaf, Algerian political leader (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Hal Laycoe, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Miriam Karlin, English actress
  • 1927 – Bob Fosse, American choreographer (d. 1987)
  • 1929 – June Carter Cash, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Maurice Ferre, mayor of Miami
  • 1936 – Costas Simitis, Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1937 – Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
  • 1940 – Adam Faith, English singer and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Lord Irvine of Lairg, Scottish Lord Chancellor
  • 1940 – Wilma Rudolph, American runner (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – Stuart Sutcliffe, English musician (The Beatles) (d. 1962)
  • 1941 – Robert Hunter, American lyricist and poet (The Grateful Dead)
  • 1941 – Richard M. Richie Roberts, Former Marine and New Jersey Police Detective, Criminal Defense Attorney
  • 1943 – James Levine, American conductor
  • 1943 – Vint Cerf, American Internet pioneer
  • 1945 – Kjell Albin Abrahamson, Swedish journalist and writer.
  • 1946 – Ted Shackleford, American actor
  • 1947 – Bryan Brown, Australian actor
  • 1948 – Clarence Thomas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1948 – Darhyl S. Ramsey, American author
  • 1948 – Myles Goodwyn, Canadian guitarist and vocalist (April Wine)
  • 1949 – Gordon Bray, Australian sports broadcaster
  • 1950 – Douglas C. Lord, Canadian businessman
  • 1951 – Michèle Mouton, French race car driver
  • 1955 – Glenn Danzig, American musician (The Misfits and Danzig)
  • 1955 – Jordan, British actress and model
  • 1955 – Jean Tigana, French footballer
  • 1955 – Pierre Corbeil, Quebec politician
  • 1956 – Randy Jackson, American music producer
  • 1957 – Frances McDormand, American actress
  • 1960 – Donald Harrison, American musician
  • 1960 – Tatsuya Uemura, Japanese musician and programmer
  • 1961 – Zoran Janjetov, Serbian comic artist
  • 1962 – Chuck Billy, American singer
  • 1962 – Kari Takko, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Kevin Yagher, TV/film special effects technician
  • 1963 – Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer
  • 1963 – Steve Shelley, American musician (Crucifucks and Sonic Youth)
  • 1964 – Joss Whedon, American producer, director, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Yun Lou, Chinese gymnast
  • 1965 – Paul Arthurs, British guitarist (Oasis)
  • 1966 – Chico DeBarge, American musician (DeBarge)
  • 1966 – Richie Ren, Taiwanese musician
  • 1967 – Paul King, New Zealand politician
  • 1967 – Helen Geake, British archaeologist
  • 1969 – Martin Klebba, American actor
  • 1970 – Robert Brooks, American football player
  • 1970 – Yann Tiersen, French musician
  • 1971 – Felix Potvin, Canadian hockey player
  • 1972 – Selma Blair, American actress
  • 1972 – Ron Corning, American television anchor
  • 1972 – Zinedine Zidane, French footballer
  • 1973 – Marie N, Latvian singer
  • 1974 – Joel Edgerton, Australian actor
  • 1975 – Kevin Dyson, American football player
  • 1975 – KT Tunstall, Scottish singer and songwriter
  • 1976 – Joe Becker, American musician
  • 1976 – Brandon Stokley, American football player
  • 1976 – Patrick Monahan, British comedian
  • 1976 – Patrick Vieira, French footballer
  • 1977 – Miguel Ángel Angulo, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Hayden Foxe, Australian footballer
  • 1977 – Jason Mraz, American singer and songwriter
  • 1978 – Memphis Bleek, American rapper
  • 1978 – Matt Light, American football player
  • 1979 – LaDainian Tomlinson, American football player
  • 1980 – Ramnaresh Sarwan, Guyanese cricketer
  • 1981 – Ni~ya, Japanese bassist
  • 1983 – Jason Berrent, American performer
  • 1988 – Isabella Leong Lok-Sze, Hong Kong singer, actress and model
  • 1988 – Chellsie Memmel, American gymnast

June 23 – Deaths:

  • 79 – Vespasian, Roman Emperor (b. 9)
  • 1018 – Henry I of Austria
  • 1516 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)
  • 1555 – Pedro Mascarenhas, Portuguese explorer (b. 1470)
  • 1582 – Shimizu Muneharu, Japanese military leader (b. 1537)
  • 1615 – Mashita Nagamori, Japanese warlord (b. 1545)
  • 1677 – Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1647)
  • 1686 – William Coventry, English statesman
  • 1707 – John Mill, English theologian
  • 1733 – Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar (b. 1672)
  • 1770 – Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (b. 1721)
  • 1775 – Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (b. 1692)
  • 1779 – Ras Mikael Sehul, warlord of Ethiopia (b. about 1691)
  • 1806 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1856 – Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1832 – James Hall, Scottish geologist (b. 1761)
  • 1891 – Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (b. 1804)
  • 1893 – Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
  • 1926 – Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1956 – Reinhold Glière, Russian composer (b. 1875)
  • 1959 – Boris Vian, French writer and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1969 – Volmari Iso-Hollo, Finnish athlete (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Clyfford Still, American painter (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fourth President of India (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Zarah Leander, Swedish actress and singer (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – Vincent Chin, Chinese-American hate crime victim (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Werner Best, German jurist and nazi leader (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Eric Andolsek, American football player (b. 1966)
  • 1995 – Jonas Salk, American medical researcher (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Anatoly Tarasov, Russian ice hockey coach (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
  • 1998 – Maureen O’Sullivan, Irish actress (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Buster Merryfield, British actor (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Yvonne Dionne, one of the Canadian Dionne quintuplets (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Pedro ‘El Rockero’ Alcazar, Panamanian boxer (b. 1975)
  • 2003 – Maynard Jackson, Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Shana Alexander, American columnist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Aaron Spelling, American television producer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Luke Graham, wrestler, and one-half of first-ever WWF Tag Team Champions (b. 1940)
  • 2006 – Harriet, a 175 year old tortoise (b. 1830)
  • 2007 – Rod Beck, baseball player (b. 1968)

June 23 – Holidays:

  • Midsummer’s Eve, Christianized as the eve of the feast of Saint John the Baptist, is celebrated in much of Northern Europe and the British Isles
  • Victory Day – Estonia
  • Father’s Day – Poland, Nicaragua and Uganda
  • Grand Duke’s Official Birthday – Luxembourg

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On This Day in History June 22

June 22 – Events:

  • 217 BC – Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom
  • 168 BC – Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War
  • 1593 – Battle of Sisak: Croat troops defeat the Turks
  • 1633 – The Holy Office in Rome forces Galileo Galilei to recant his scientific view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.
  • 1783 – Poisonous cloud from Laki volcanic eruption in Iceland reaches Le Havre in France.
  • 1812 – Napoleon declares war to Russia
  • 1815 – Second abdication of Napoleon
  • 1825 – British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North  America.
  • 1844 – Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University.
  • 1848 – Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • 1866 – Battle of Custoza: an Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.
  • 1893 – The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rams the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria which sinks taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet’s commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: United States Marines land in Cuba.
  • 1911 – George V is crowned King of the United Kingdom, succeeding his father, Edward VII.
  • 1918 – Hammond circus train wreck kills 86 and injures 127 near Hammond, Indiana.
  • 1937 – Camille Chautemps becomes Prime Minister of France
  • 1940 – France forced to sign the Second Compiègne armistice with Nazi Germany.
  • 1941 – Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, one of the most dramatic turning points of World War II.
  • 1941 – First anti-fascist armed unit in occupied Europe founded by Croatian partisans near Sisak,  Croatia.
  • 1941 – The Lithuanian 1941 independence begins
  • 1941 – Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group.
  • 1944 – Opening day of the Soviet Union’s Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • 1954 – Murder of Honora Parker in Christchurch (New Zealand) by her daughter Pauline Parker and her girlfriend Juliet Hulme, both 16 years old.
  • 1957 – Soviet Union launches R-12 missile for the first time (in Kapustin Yar)
  • 1962 – An Air France Boeing 707 jet crashes in bad weather in Guadeloupe, West Indies killing 113
  • 1963 – Giovanni Cardinal Montini elected Pope by the College of Cardinals, and takes the name Pope Paul VI.
  • 1969 – The Cuyahoga River caught fire, which triggered a crack-down on pollution in the river.
  • 1976 – Canadian House of Commons abolishes capital punishment.
  • 1978 – Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, is discovered.
  • 2002 – An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people.

June 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1680 – Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
  • 1684 – Francesco Manfredini, Italian baroque composer (d. 1762)
  • 1704 – John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1713 – Lord John Philip Sackville, English cricketer (d. 1765)
  • 1738 – Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
  • 1757 – George Vancouver, British explorer (d. 1798)
  • 1767 – Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
  • 1805 – Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian politician (d. 1872)
  • 1837 – Paul Morphy, American chess master (d. 1884)
  • 1845 – Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
  • 1856 – H. Rider Haggard, English author (d. 1925)
  • 1861 – Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
  • 1864 – Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (d. 1909)
  • 1871 – William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
  • 1879 – Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – James Rector, American athlete (d. 1949)
  • 1885 – Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Julian Huxley, British biologist (d. 1975)
  • 1888 – Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – Norbert Elias, German sociologist (d. 1990)
  • 1898 – Erich Maria Remarque, German writer (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Michal Kalecki, Polish economist (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (d. 1950)
  • 1903 – Carl Hubbell, baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
  • 1906 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and pilot (d. 2001)
  • 1906 – Billy Wilder, Austrian-born director (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – Mike Todd, American film producer (d. 1958)
  • 1909 – Maurice Adler, American film producer (d. 1960)
  • 1910 – Peter Pears, English tenor (d. 1986)
  • 1910 – Konrad Zuse, German engineer (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)
  • 1919 – Gower Champion, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1980)
  • 1920 – Paul Frees, American voice actor (d. 1986)
  • 1921 – Joseph Papp, American director and producer (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Bill Blass, American fashion designer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Geza Vermes, Hungarian author and scholar of religious history and the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • 1927 – Ann Petersen, Belgian actress (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Yuri Artyukhin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
  • 1932 – Prunella Scales, English actress
  • 1933 – Dianne Feinstein, American politician
  • 1933 – Jacques Martin, French TV host (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Libor Pešek, Czech conductor
  • 1936 – Kris Kristofferson, American singer/songwriter and actor
  • 1936 – Hermeto Pascoal, Brazilian musician
  • 1939 – Don Matthews, American football coach in the CFL
  • 1940 – Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter
  • 1940 – Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian filmmaker/poet
  • 1941 – Ed Bradley, American journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Michael Lerner, American actor
  • 1943 – Brit Hume, American news anchor and commentator
  • 1943 – Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
  • 1944 – Klaus Maria Brandauer, Austrian actor
  • 1944 – Peter Asher, British singer, guitarist and producer (Peter & Gordon)
  • 1946 – Eliades Ochoa, Cuban guitarist (Buena Vista Social Club)
  • 1947 – Octavia Butler, American author (d. 2006)
  • 1947 – Jerry Rawlings, former President of Ghana
  • 1947 – David Lander, American actor and baseball scout
  • 1947 – Howard Kaylan, founding member of The Turtles
  • 1947 – Pete Maravich, American basketball player (d. 1988)
  • 1948 – Todd Rundgren, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1949 – Meryl Streep, American actress
  • 1949 – Lindsay Wagner, American actress
  • 1949 – Alan Osmond, American singer
  • 1952 – Graham Greene, Canadian actor
  • 1953 – Cyndi Lauper, American singer
  • 1953 – Bruce McAvaney, Australian sports broadcaster
  • 1954 – Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
  • 1956 – Tim Russ, American actor
  • 1955 – Green Gartside, Welsh singer songwriter
  • 1957 – Garry Gary Beers, Australian bassist from group INXS
  • 1957 – Danny Baker, English comedy writer and radio presenter
  • 1958 – Bruce Campbell, American actor
  • 1959 – Wayne Federman, American comedian
  • 1959 – Nicola Sirkis, French singer and lyricist (Indochine)
  • 1959 – Mike O’Meara, co-host of Don and Mike Show
  • 1961 – Jimmy Sommerville, Scottish singer (Bronski Beat, Communards)
  • 1962 – Clyde Drexler, former American NBA player
  • 1962 – Stephen Chow, Hong Kong actor and director
  • 1962 – Bobby Gillespie, Scottish musician (Primal Scream)
  • 1963 – Randy Couture, American mixed martial artist
  • 1964 – Dan Brown, American author
  • 1965 – Lubomír Moravcík, Slovakian footballer
  • 1966 – Michael Park, WRC co-pilot (d. 2005)
  • 1966 – Emmanuelle Seigner, French actress
  • 1968 – Darrell Armstrong, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Steven Page, Canadian singer (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1970 – Michel Elefteriades, Greek-Lebanese politician, artist, producer and businessman
  • 1971 – Mary Lynn Rajskub, American actress
  • 1971 – Kurt Warner, American football player
  • 1973 – Carson Daly, American television personality
  • 1974 – Donald Faison, American actor
  • 1974 – Joseph Vijay,Tamil actor also called “Ilaya thalapathy”
  • 1975 – Andreas Klöden, German professional road bicycle racer
  • 1975 – Laila Rouass, Moroccan-Indian actress
  • 1976 – Gordon Moakes, English musician (Bloc Party)
  • 1978 – Champ Bailey, American football player
  • 1978 – Jai Rodriguez, American TV personality
  • 1978 – Dan Wheldon, British race car driver
  • 1979 – Joey Cheek, American speed skater
  • 1979 – Thomas Voeckler, French road bicycle racer
  • 1979 – Brad Hawpe, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Chris Urbanowicz, guitarist of British rock band Editors
  • 1982 – Soraia Chaves, Portuguese actress and model
  • 1982 – Ian Kinsler, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Jerome Taylor, West Indies international cricketer
  • 1984 – Janko Tipsarevic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1985 – Rosa Kato, Italian-Japanese model and actress
  • 1988 – Kieran Lee, English football player

June 22 – Deaths:

  • 1276 – Pope Innocent V
  • 1429 – Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
  • 1535 – John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester (executed)
  • 1632 – James Whitelocke, English judge (b. 1570)
  • 1634 – Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
  • 1699 – Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
  • 1714 – Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
  • 1868 – Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (b. 1801)
  • 1874 – Howard Staunton, English chess master (b. 1810)
  • 1892 – Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (b. 1819)
  • 1894 – Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian archbishop (b. 1823)
  • 1905 – Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • 1913 – Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (b. 1875)
  • 1925 – Felix Klein, German mathematician (b. 1849)
  • 1928 – A. B. Frost, American illustrator (b. 1851)
  • 1931 – Armand Fallières, French president (b. 1841)
  • 1932 – Tommy Treichel, American professional wrestler (b. 1892)
  • 1933 – Henry Birkin, British racing driver (b. 1896)
  • 1935 – Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, diplomat and politician (b. 1866)
  • 1959 – Hermann Brill, German politician (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – Maria of Romania, Queen Consort of Yugoslavia (b. 1900)
  • 1963 – Maria Tanase, Romanian singer of traditional and popular music (b. 1913)
  • 1964 – Havank, Dutch writer (b. 1904)
  • 1965 – David O. Selznick, American film producer (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Judy Garland, American singer and actress (b. 1922)
  • 1974 – Horace Lindrum, Australian snooker and billiards player (b. 1912)
  • 1974 – Darius Milhaud, French composer (b. 1892)
  • 1977 – Peter Laughner, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (Rocket From the Tombs, Pere Ubu) (b. 1952)
  • 1979 – Louis Chiron, Monaco race car driver (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Joseph Losey, American theater and film director (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Fred Astaire, American dancer and actor (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Dennis Day, American singer and actor (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Lucien Saulnier, French Canadian politician (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Chuck Mitchell, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1993 – Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Otto Bradfisch, Nazi leader (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Al Hansen, American artist (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Ted Gärdestad, Swedish singer (b. 1956)
  • 1997 – Don Henderson, English actor (b. 1932)
  • 1997 – Gérard Pelletier, French Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Darryl Kile, American baseball player (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Ann Landers, American columnist (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Mattie Stepanek, American poet (b. 1990)
  • 2004 – Bob Bemer, computer scientist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
  • 2006 – Moose (dog actor), dog actor popular for role on Frasier (b. 1990)
  • 2007 – Nancy Benoit, former professional wrestling valet(b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Erik Parlevliet, Dutch field hockey player (b. 1964)

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On This Day in History June 21

June 21 – Events:

  • 524 – Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce.
  • 1582 – Incident at Honno-ji in Kyoto, Japan.
  • 1621 – Execution of 27 Czech noblemen on the Old Town Square in Prague as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain.
  • 1665 – First soldiers of Le Régiment de Carignan-Salières arrive at Quebec to invade Iroquois territories.
  • 1734 – In Montreal in New France (today primarily Quebec), a black slave known by the French name of Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city, was tortured and hanged by the French authorities in a public ceremony that involved her disgrace and the amputation of a hand.
  • 1749 – Halifax, Nova Scotia, founded.
  • 1788 – New Hampshire ratifies the Constitution and is thus admitted as the 9th state in the United States.
  • 1798 – Irish Rebellion of 1798: The British Army defeats Irish rebels at Battle of Vinegar Hill
  • 1813 – Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria
  • 1813 – Laura Secord sets out to warn British forces of an impending U.S. attack on Queenston, Ontario during the War of 1812.
  • 1824 – Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.
  • 1826 – Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas
  • 1854 – First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands.
  • 1864 – New Zealand Land Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends.
  • 1877 – The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania Prisons.
  • 1898 – Guam becomes a U.S. territory.
  • 1915 – The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.
  • 1919 – Royal Canadian Mounted Police fire a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during the Winnipeg General Strike.
  • 1919 – Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttles the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The nine sailors killed were the last casualties of the First World War.
  • 1940 – World War II: France surrenders to Germany.
  • 1940 – First successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • 1942 – World War II: Tobruk falls to Italian and German forces.
  • 1942 – World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaces near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by the Japanese against the U.S. mainland.
  • 1945 – World War II: Battle of Okinawa ends.
  • 1948 – The “Manchester Baby” (SSEM) runs the first ever computer program stored in electronic memory.
  • 1952 – Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, was converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
  • 1957 – Ellen Louks Fairclough sworn in as Canada’s first woman Cabinet Minister
  • 1964 – Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner, are murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.
  • 1973 – In handing down the decision in Miller v. California 413 US 15, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the Miller Test, which now governs obscenity in U.S. law.
  • 1982 – John Hinckley is found not guilty by reason of insanity for the attempted assassination of U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
  • 2000 – Section 28 (outlawing the ‘promotion’ of homosexuality in the United Kingdom) repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote.
  • 2001 – A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Va., indicted 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen.
  • 2002 – The World Health Organization declares Europe polio free.
  • 2004 – SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.
  • 2006 – Pluto’s newly discovered moons are officially christened Nix & Hydra.

June 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1002 – Pope Leo IX (d. 1054)
  • 1226 – King Boleslaus V of Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1528 – Maria of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress (1603)
  • 1535 – Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (d. 1596)
  • 1639 – Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister (d. 1723)
  • 1646 – Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German philosopher and scientist (d. 1716)
  • 1646 – Maria Francisca of Nemours, queen of Portugal (d. 1683)
  • 1676 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1712 – Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (d. 1790)
  • 1730 – Motoori Norinaga, Japanese scholar (d. 1801)
  • 1732 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (d. 1791)
  • 1736 – Enoch Poor, American general in the Continental Army (d. 1780)
  • 1759 – Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier (d. 1817)
  • 1763 – Pierre Paul Royer-Collard, French philosopher (d. 1845)
  • 1764 – Sidney Smith, British admiral (d. 1840)
  • 1774 – Daniel D. Tompkins, Congressman, Governor of New York, and sixth Vice President of the United States (d. 1825)
  • 1781 – Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1840)
  • 1782 – Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (d. 1852)
  • 1788 – Princess Augusta of Bavaria (d. 1850)
  • 1791 – Robert Napier, British engineer (d. 1876)
  • 1798 – Wolfgang Menzel, German writer (d. 1873)
  • 1805 – Charles Thomas Jackson, American scientist, polymath (d. 1880)
  • 1811 – Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1812 – Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist (d. 1875)
  • 1823 – Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (d. 1873)
  • 1825 – William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford (d. 1901)
  • 1828 – Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (d. 1904)
  • 1839 – Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (d. 1908)
  • 1850 – Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (d. 1941)
  • 1858 – Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (d. 1928)
  • 1859 – Henry Ossawa Tanner, American painter (d. 1937)
  • 1862 – Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (d. 1943)
  • 1863 – Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1864 – Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss art historian (d. 1945)
  • 1868 – Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist (d. 1946)
  • 1870 – Clara Immerwahr, German chemist (d. 1915)
  • 1876 – Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (d. 1956)
  • 1880 – Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – Rockwell Kent, American artist (d. 1971)
  • 1882 – Lluís Companys i Jover, Spanish politician (d. 1940)
  • 1883 – Fyodor Gladkov, Russian writer (d. 1958)
  • 1884 – Claude Auchinleck, British field marshal (d. 1981)
  • 1887 – Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist (d. 1956)
  • 1889 – Ralph Craig, American athlete (d. 1972)
  • 1891 – Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian architect (d. 1979)
  • 1891 – Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (d. 1966)
  • 1892 – Reinhold Niebuhr, Protestant theologian (d. 1971)
  • 1893 – Alois Hába, Czech composer (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Charles B. Momsen, American inventor (d. 1967)
  • 1898 – Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer (d. 1964)
  • 1902 – Howie Morenz, professional ice hockey player (d. 1937)
  • 1903 – Al Hirschfeld, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1905 – Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Harold Spina, American composer (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – William Frankena, American philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Soviet poet (d. 1971)
  • 1912 – Mary McCarthy, American writer (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot and officer of the Home Army’s intelligence and counterintelligence (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – William Vickrey, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Joseph Cyril Bamford, English inventor and industrialist
  • 1916 – Buddy O’Connor, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – James Clyde Mitchell, English sociologist and anthropologist
  • 1919 – Gérard Pelletier, French Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Vladimir Simagin, Russian chess master and teacher
  • 1919 – Paolo Soleri, Italian-born American architect
  • 1921 – Judy Holliday, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1921 – Jane Russell, American actress
  • 1921 – Jean de Broglie, French politician
  • 1923 – Jacques Hébert, French Canadian author, journalist and politician
  • 1924 – Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and pioneering museum director (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Jean Laplanche, French psychoanalytic thinker
  • 1924 – Max McNab, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Giovanni Spadolini, Italian politician (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Maureen Stapleton, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Conrad Hall, Tahitian-born cinematographer (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Carl Stokes, Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1929 – Alexandre Lagoya, Greek-Italian classical guitarist (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Sir Gerald Kaufman, British politician
  • 1930 – Mike McCormack, American professional football player
  • 1931 – Margaret Mary O’Shaughnessy Heckler, U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • 1932 – O.C. Smith, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1932 – Lalo Schifrin, Argentine pianist and composer
  • 1935 – Françoise Sagan, French writer (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Ron Ely, American actor
  • 1939 – Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1940 – Mariette Hartley, American actress
  • 1940 – Michael Ruse, Canadian philosopher
  • 1941 – Joe Flaherty, American-Canadian actor
  • 1942 – Togo D. West, Jr., American attorney and public official
  • 1942 – Dan Henning, American football player
  • 1942 – Henry S. Taylor, American writer
  • 1943 – Salomé, Spanish singer
  • 1944 – Ray Davies, English musician (The Kinks)
  • 1944 – Corinna Tsopei, Greek beauty pageant winner, the first Greek Miss Universe
  • 1945 – Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher, poet
  • 1946 – Brenda Holloway, American musician
  • 1946- Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian comedian and author
  • 1947 – Meredith Baxter, American actress
  • 1947 – Michael Gross, American actor
  • 1947 – Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Joey Molland, English musician (Badfinger)
  • 1948 – Ian McEwan, English writer
  • 1948 – Lionel Rose, Australian boxer
  • 1948 – Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer
  • 1950 – Anne Carson, Canadian poet
  • 1950 – Joey Kramer, American drummer and percussionist (Aerosmith)
  • 1950 – Vasilis Papakonstantinou, Greek singer and musician
  • 1950 – Gérard Lanvin, French actor
  • 1951 – Nils Lofgren, American musician
  • 1952 – Kôichi Mashimo, Japanese anime director
  • 1953 – Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2007)
  • 1953 – Michael Bowen, American actor
  • 1954 – Müjde Ar, Turkish actress
  • 1954 – Mark Kimmitt, US Army general
  • 1954 – Anne Kirkbride, English actress
  • 1954 – Robert Menasse, Austrian writer
  • 1954 – Augustus Pablo, Jamaican musician (d. 1999)
  • 1954 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1955 – Tim Bray, Canadian computer programmer
  • 1955 – Leigh McCloskey, American actor
  • 1955 – Michel Platini, French footballer
  • 1957 – Berkeley Breathed, American cartoonist and author
  • 1957 – Lucien DeBlois, professional ice hockey player
  • 1958 – Gennady Padalka, cosmonaut
  • 1959 – Tom Chambers, American basketball player
  • 1959 – Marcella Detroit, singer and songwriter (Shakespeare’s Sister)
  • 1959 – Kathy Mattea, American country singer
  • 1961 – Kip Winger, American musician
  • 1962 – Viktor Tsoi, Russian musician
  • 1962 – Takeshi Asami, Japanese racing driver
  • 1964 – Doug Savant, American actor
  • 1964 – Sammi Davis, British actor
  • 1965 – Larry Wachowski, film director
  • 1965 – Yang Liwei, Chinese astronaut
  • 1966 – Rudi Bakhtiar, American journalist
  • 1966 – Mancow Muller, American radio personality
  • 1966 – Nan Woods, American actress
  • 1967 – Jim Breuer, American comedian
  • 1967 – Pierre Omidyar, founder of eBay
  • 1967 – Derrick Coleman, American basketball player
  • 1968 – Sonique, British DJ
  • 1968 – Alisyn Camerota, American journalist
  • 1968 – Gretchen Carlson, American journalist
  • 1969 – Gabriella Paruzzi, Italian skier
  • 1970 – Sindee Coxx, American pornographic actress
  • 1970 – Pete Rock, American rapper/producer
  • 1971 – Marianne Lie Berg, Norwegian philosopher
  • 1971 – Anette Olzon, Swedish singer
  • 1972 – Alon Hilu, Israeli writer
  • 1972 – Neil Doak, former Irish cricketer
  • 1973 – Juliette Lewis, American actress
  • 1974 – Natasha Desborough, British radio personality
  • 1974 – Craig Lowndes, Australian racing driver
  • 1976 – Mike Einziger, American musician (Incubus)
  • 1976 – Nigel Lappin, Australian footballer
  • 1977 – Jochen Hecht, German ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Cristiano Lupatelli, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Jack Guzman, American actor
  • 1978 – Erica Durance, Canadian actress
  • 1979 – Chris Pratt, American actor
  • 1980 – Sendy Rleal, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Richard Jefferson, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Brandon Flowers, American singer and keyboardist (The Killers)
  • 1981 – Yann Danis, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Prince William of Wales, British prince
  • 1984 – Alicia Alighatti, American pornographic actress
  • 1984 – Franck Perera, French racing driver
  • 1985 – Anthony Morelli, American football player
  • 1985 – Byron Schammer, AFL footballer
  • 1987 – Dale Thomas, AFL footballer

June 21 – Deaths:

  • 1305 – King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)
  • 1377 – King Edward III of England (b. 1312)
  • 1527 – Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian historian and political author (b. 1469)
  • 1529 – John Skelton, English poet
  • 1547 – Sebastiano del Piombo, Italian painter (b. 1485)
  • 1582 – Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534)
  • 1591 – Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (b. 1568)
  • 1621 – Kryštof Harant, Polish soldier, writer, and composer (b. 1564)
  • 1652 – Inigo Jones, English architect (b. 1573)
  • 1738 – Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)
  • 1796 – Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1710)
  • 1824 – Étienne Aignan, French writer (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Frances Adeline Seward, wife of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (b. 1824)
  • 1874 – Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1814)
  • 1893 – Leland Stanford, American business tycoon and founder of Stanford University
  • 1908 – Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (b. 1844)
  • 1914 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b.  1843)
  • 1934 – Thorne Smith, American author (b. 1892)
  • 1940 – Smedley Butler, American Marine general (b. 1881)
  • 1951 – Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer (b. 1867)
  • 1952 – Wilfrid ‘Wop’ May, Canadian aviation pioneer (b. 1896)
  • 1954 – Gideon Sundback, invented the zipper (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1964 – James Chaney, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
  • 1964 – Andrew Goodman, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
  • 1964 – Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (b. 1939)
  • 1969 – Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (b. 1934)
  • 1970 – Sukarno, President of Indonesia (b. 1901)
  • 1976 – Margaret Herrick, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences director (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Angus Maclise, American mystic, shaman, musician, and composer (b. 1938)
  • 1980 – Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1985 – Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1901)
  • 1986 – Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer and author (b. 1923)
  • 1993 – Ticho Parly, Danish tenor (b. 1928)
  • 1997 – Shintaro Katsu, Japanese entertainer (b. 1931)
  • 1997 – Fidel Velázquez Sánchez, Mexican labour leader (b. 1900)
  • 1998 – Al Campanis, American baseball executive (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Kami, Japanese drummer (Malice Mizer) (b. 1973)
  • 2000 – Alan Hovhaness, American composer (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – John Lee Hooker, American musician (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Carroll O’Connor, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Roger Neilson, Canadian ice hockey coach (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Leon Uris, American writer (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Leonel Brizola, Brazilian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Bob Evans, American restaurateur (b. 1918)

June 21 – Holidays:

  • Summer solstice (Northern Hemisphere) and winter solstice (Southern Hemisphere) celebrations
  • National Aboriginal Day in Canada (starting in 1996)
  • Midsummer – Neopagan festival – Litha
  • National Day of Greenland
  • Fête de la Musique World Music Day, since 1982.
  • National Go Skateboarding Day

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On This Day in History June 20

June 20 – Events:

  • 451 – Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius’ victory over Attila the Hun.
  • 1214 – University of Oxford receives its charter.
  • 1631 – The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates.
  • 1685 – Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth declares himself King of England at Bridgwater.
  • 1756 – British garrison imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta.
  • 1782 – The U.S. Congress adopts the Great Seal of the United States.
  • 1787 – Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United  States.
  • 1789 – Deputies of the French Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath.
  • 1791 – King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family begin the Flight to Varennes.
  • 1819 – The U.S. vessel SS Savannah arrives at Liverpool, United Kingdom. She is the first steam-propelled vessel to cross the Atlantic, but most of the journey was made under sail.
  • 1837 – Queen Victoria succeeds to the British throne.
  • 1862 – Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
  • 1863 – West Virginia is admitted as the 35th U.S. state.
  • 1877 – Alexander Graham Bell installs world’s first commercial telephone service in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
  • 1893 – Lizzie Borden is acquitted of murdering her stepmother and father.
  • 1919 – 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1948 – Toast of the Town, later The Ed Sullivan Show, debuts.
  • 1956 – A Venezuelan Super-Constellation crashed in Atlantic Ocean off Asbury Park, New Jersey killing 74 people.
  • 1960 – Independence of Mali and Senegal.
  • 1963 – The so-called “red telephone” is established between Soviet Union and United States following the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • 1973 – Ezeiza massacre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Snipers fired upon left-wing peronists. At least 13 are killed and more than 300 injured.
  • 1990 – Asteroid Eureka discovered.
  • 1991 – German parliament decides to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.

June 20 – Birthdays:

  • 1005 – Ali az-Zahir, caliph (d. 1036)
  • 1389 – John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (d. 1435)
  • 1566 – King Sigismund III Vasa (d. 1632)
  • 1583 – Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (d. 1652)
  • 1634 – Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (d. 1675)
  • 1642 – George Hickes, English minister and scholar (d. 1715)
  • 1647 – John George III, Elector of Saxony (d. 1691)
  • 1717 – Jacques Saly, French sculptor (d. 1776)
  • 1723 – Adam Ferguson, Scottish philosopher and historian (d. 1816)
  • 1723 – Theophilus Lindsey, English theologian (d. 1808)
  • 1733-Betty Washington- sister of George Washington
  • 1737 – Tokugawa Ieharu, Japanese military (d. 1786)
  • 1756 – Joseph Martin Kraus, Swedish composer (d. 1792)
  • 1763 – Wolfe Tone, Irish patriot (d. 1798)
  • 1770 – Moses Waddel, American educator/minister and bestselling author (d. 1840)
  • 1771 – Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
  • 1786 – Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (d. 1859)
  • 1808 – Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (d. 1888)
  • 1819 – Jacques Offenbach, German-born French composer (d. 1880)
  • 1858 – Charles W. Chesnutt, American writer (d. 1932)
  • 1860 – Jack Worrall, Australian cricketer, footballer, and coach (d. 1937)
  • 1861 – Frederick Hopkins, English biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – George Carpenter, the 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)
  • 1885 – Andrzej Gawronski, Polish scholar (d. 1927)
  • 1887 – Kurt Schwitters, German painter and writer (d. 1948)
  • 1889 – John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1891 – John A. Costello, second Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Lloyd Hall, American chemist (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Wilfrid Pelletier, French Canadian conductor (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Elisabeth Hauptmann, German writer (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader (d. 1943)
  • 1905 – Lillian Hellman, American playwright (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Jimmy Driftwood, American songwriter and musician (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Errol Flynn, Australian actor (d. 1959)
  • 1911 – Gail Patrick, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1912 – Anthony Buckeridge, English author (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Dick Reynolds, Australian rules footballer and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Terence Young, British film director (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Jean-Jacques Bertrand, premier of Quebec (d. 1973)
  • 1917 – Igor Smialowski, Polish actor (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – George Lynch, American auto racer (d. 1997)
  • 1918 – Zoltán Sztáray, Hungarian writer
  • 1920 – Hans Gerschwiler, Swiss figure skater
  • 1924 – Chet Atkins, American guitar player and producer (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Audie Murphy, American Medal of Honor recipient and actor (d. 1971)
  • 1924 – Fritz Koenig, German sculptor
  • 1928 – Eric Dolphy, American jazz musician (d. 1964)
  • 1928 – Jean-Marie Le Pen, French politician
  • 1930 – Paul Pender, American boxer
  • 1930 – Magdalena Abakanowicz, Polish artist
  • 1931 – Olympia Dukakis, Greek-American actress
  • 1931 – Martin Landau, American actor
  • 1932 – Robert Rozhdestvensky, Russian poet (d. 1994)
  • 1933 – Danny Aiello, American actor
  • 1934 – Wendy Craig, English actress
  • 1934 – Rossana Podestà, Italian actress
  • 1935 – Len Dawson, former football player
  • 1935 – Neal Knox, gun rights activist (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Billy Guy, American singer (The Coasters) (d. 2002)
  • 1937 – Jerry Keller, pop singer and songwriter
  • 1938 – Mickie Most, British record producer (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Ramakant Desai, Indian cricketer (d. 1998)
  • 1940 – Eugen Drewermann, German theologian
  • 1940 – John Mahoney, English actor
  • 1941 – Ulf Merbold, German physicist and astronaut
  • 1941 – Stephen Frears, English film director
  • 1942 – Brian Wilson, American musician; founder of The Beach Boys
  • 1944 – Cheryl Holdridge, American actress
  • 1944 – David Roper, English actor
  • 1945 – Anne Murray, Canadian singer
  • 1946 – Bob Vila, television presenter
  • 1946 – Xanana Gusmão, President of East Timor
  • 1946 – Andre Watts, American pianist
  • 1947 – Dolores Brooks, American singer (the Crystals)
  • 1947 – Candy Clark, American actress
  • 1947 – Josef Clemens, German bishop and Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
  • 1947 – Ivo Milazzo, Italian comic book artist
  • 1948 – Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
  • 1949 – Lionel Richie, American musician (The Commodores)
  • 1949 – Alan Longmuir, Scottish bass guitarist (Bay City Rollers)
  • 1951 – Tress MacNeille, American voice actress
  • 1951 – Paul Muldoon, Northern Irish poet
  • 1951 – Bill Simon, American businessman and politician
  • 1952 – John Goodman, American actor
  • 1952 – Larry Riley, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1952 – Vikram Seth, Indian poet
  • 1953 – Ulrich Mühe, German actor (d. 2007)
  • 1952 – Willy Rampf, German F1 technical director (BMW Sauber)
  • 1954 – Michael Anthony, American musician (Van Halen)
  • 1954 – Ilan Ramon, Israeli combat pilot and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1954 – Allan Lamb, South African born English cricketer
  • 1956 – Ace Andres, American musician
  • 1956 – Peter Reid, English former footballer
  • 1958 – Chuck Wagner, American actor
  • 1958 – Ron Hornaday, American racecar driver
  • 1960 – John Taylor, English musician (Duran Duran)
  • 1963 – Amir Derakh, American musician (Orgy)
  • 1963 – Don West, American professional wrestling announcer
  • 1964 – Pierfrancesco Chili, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1964 – Silke Möller, German track and field athlete
  • 1967 – Nicole Kidman, American-born Australian actress
  • 1968 – Robert Rodriguez, American film director
  • 1969 – MaliVai Washington, American former tennis player
  • 1970 – Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco
  • 1970 – Andrea Nahles, German politician
  • 1970 – Bruce Woodcock, American computer games analyst
  • 1971 – Josh Lucas, American actor
  • 1971 – Jeordie White, American musician (Marilyn Manson)
  • 1971 – Rodney Rogers, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Paul Bako, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Chino Moreno, American musician (Deftones)
  • 1974 – Attila Czene, Hungarian swimmer
  • 1975 – Daniel Zítka, Czech footballer
  • 1976 – Jerome Fontamillas,Filipino American musician (Switchfoot)
  • 1976 – Carlos Lee, Panamanian baseball player
  • 1976 – Rob Mackowiak, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Juliano Belletti, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Gordan Giricek, Croatian basketball player
  • 1978 – LaVar Arrington, American football player
  • 1978 – Frank Lampard, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jan-Paul Saeijs, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Bobby Seay, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Charlotte Hatherley, Former Ash guitarist
  • 1979 – Charles Howell III, Professional Golfer
  • 1979 – Cael Sanderson, Olympic Wrestler
  • 1979 – Lani Billard, Canadian actress
  • 1980 – Damián A. Fernández Beanato, Argentine journalist
  • 1980 – Carlo Festuccia, Italian rugby union footballer
  • 1980 – Fabian Wegmann, German road racing cyclist
  • 1980 – Tony Lovato, American singer and guitarrist (Mest)
  • 1980 – Franco Semioli, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Darren Sproles, American football player
  • 1983 – Cherrie Ying, Hong Kong actress
  • 1987 – Kamil Król, Polish footballer
  • 1987 – Darko Milicic, Serbian basketball player
  • 1989 – Christopher Mintz-Plasse, American actor
  • 1990 – Tim Commandeur, Australian musician
  • 1997 – Maria Lark, Russian-born American actress

June 20 – Deaths:

  • 451 – Theodorid, King of the Visigoths
  • 840 – Louis the Pious, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (b. 778)
  • 885 – Bernard Plantapilosa, Count of Auvergne (b. 841)
  • 1597 – Willem Barentsz, Dutch navigator
  • 1668 – Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (b. 1620)
  • 1776 – Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (b. 1704)
  • 1787 – Karl Friedrich Abel, German composer (b. 1723)
  • 1800 – Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (b. 1719)
  • 1820 – Manuel Belgrano, Argentine lawyer and politician (b. 1770)
  • 1837 – William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1765)
  • 1869 – Toshizou Hijikata, Shinsengumi vice-commander (b. 1835)
  • 1870 – Jules de Goncourt, French writer (b. 1830)
  • 1906 – John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
  • 1925 – Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1945 – Bruno Frank, German author (b. 1878)
  • 1947 – Bugsy Siegel, American crime figure (b. 1906)
  • 1952 – Luigi Fagioli, Italian race car driver (b. 1898)
  • 1958 – Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1963 – Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (b. 1898)
  • 1972 – Howard Johnson, American businessman, originator of restaurant chain (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Lou Klein, American baseball player (b. 1918)
  • 1978 – Mark Robson, Canadian film director and producer (b. 1913))
  • 1992 – Sir Charles Groves, English conductor (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Emil Cioran, Romanian-born French philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Jim Ellison, Singer/Guitarist for the band Material Issue (b. 1964)
  • 1997 – Lawrence Payton, American singer (The Four Tops) (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (b. 1942)
  • 1999 – Clifton Fadiman, American author (b. 1902)
  • 2002 – Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (b. 1905)
  • 2002 – Tinus Osendarp, Dutch runner (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Bob Stump, American politician (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, Nobel laureate (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Larry Collins, American writer (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Billy Johnson, American baseball player (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Trevor Henry, New Zealand Justice (b. 1902)

June 20 – Holidays:

  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees – World Refugee Day.
  • Flag Day in Argentina (1938).
  • West Virginia – West Virginia Day.

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On This Day in History June 19

June 19 – Events:

  • 1179 – The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil wars.
  • 1269 – King Louis IX of France orders all Jews found in public without an identifying yellow badge to be fined ten livres of silver.
  • 1306 – The Earl of Pembroke’s army defeats Bruce’s Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.
  • 1770 – Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion.
  • 1807 – Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.
  • 1816 – Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson’s Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
  • 1821 – Decisive defeat of the Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Dragasani (in Wallachia).
  • 1846 – The first baseball game under recognizable modern rules is played in Hoboken, New Jersey, United States.
  • 1850 – Louise of the Netherlands marries Crown Prince Karl of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1862 – U.S. Congress prohibits slavery in United States territories, nullifying the Dred Scott Case.
  • 1865 – Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, are finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 13 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.
  • 1867 – Maximilian I of the Mexican Empire is executed by a firing squad in Querétaro, Querétaro.
  • 1870 – After all of the Southern States are formally readmitted to the United States of America, the Confederate States of America ceases to exist.
  • 1910 – The first Father’s Day is celebrated in Spokane, Washington.
  • 1914 – A radiotelegraphic link is established between Germany and the United States and German Emperor Wilhelm II and US President Woodrow Wilson exchange telegrams to mark the event.
  • 1918 – Battle of Cantigny, France between Germany and the U.S.A.
  • 1934 – The Communications Act of 1934 establishes the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
  • 1943 – Race riots occur in Beaumont, Texas.
  • 1944 – The Battle of the Philippine Sea takes place.
  • 1953 – Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are put to death at Sing Sing, in New York.
  • 1961 – Kuwait declares independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1970 – The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) is signed.
  • 1982 – In one of the first militant attacks by Hezbollah, David S. Dodge, president of the American University in Beirut, is kidnapped.
  • 1987 – ETA commits one of its most violent attacks, in which a bomb is set off in a supermarket, Hipercor, killing 21 and injuring 45.

June 19 – Birthdays:

  • 1301 – Prince Morikuni, Japanese shogun (d. 1333)
  • 1507 – Annibale Caro, Italian poet (d. 1566)
  • 1566 – King James I of England and VI of Scotland (d. 1625)
  • 1606 – James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (d. 1649)
  • 1623 – Blaise Pascal, French mathematician and philosopher (d. 1662)
  • 1633 – Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Protestant theologian (d. 1712)
  • 1717 – Johann Stamitz, Czech violinist and composer (d. 1757)
  • 1764 – José Gervasio Artigas, father of Uruguay (d. 1850)
  • 1771 – Joseph Gergonne, French mathematician (d. 1859)
  • 1792 – Gustav Schwab, German author (d. 1850)
  • 1815 – Cornelius Krieghoff, Canadian painter (d. 1872)
  • 1816 – William Henry Webb, American industrialist (d. 1899)
  • 1834 – Charles Spurgeon, English preacher (d. 1892)
  • 1846 – Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer (d. 1928)
  • 1850 – David Jayne Hill, American diplomat (d. 1932)
  • 1851 – Billy Midwinter, Australian cricketer (d. 1890)
  • 1858 – Sam Walter Foss, American librarian and poet (d. 1911)
  • 1861 – Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, British soldier (d. 1928)
  • 1861 – José Rizal, Filipino poet and national hero (d. 1896)
  • 1865 – Dame May Whitty, English entertainer (d. 1948)
  • 1874 – Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer (d. 1941)
  • 1877 – Charles Coburn, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – Wallis Simpson, Duchess of Windsor (d. 1986)
  • 1897 – Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1967)
  • 1897 – Moe Howard, American actor (d. 1975)
  • 1898 – James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Laura Z. Hobson, American novelist (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Guy Lombardo, Canadian bandleader (d. 1977)
  • 1903 – Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (d. 1941)
  • 1903 – Wally Hammond, English cricketer (d. 1965)
  • 1903 – Hans Litten, German jurist (d. 1938)
  • 1905 – Mildred Natwick, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1906 – Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Walter Rauff, German colonel (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Clarence Wiseman, 10th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1985)
  • 1909 – Osamu Dazai, Japanese author (d. 1948)
  • 1910 – Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Abe Fortas, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Don Gutteridge, American baseball player
  • 1912 – Virginia MacWatters, American soprano (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Anthony Bloom, Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church
  • 1914 – Alan Cranston, American politician (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Lester Flatt, American musician (d. 1979)
  • 1915 – Julius Schwartz, American editor and agent (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Joshua Nkomo, Vice President of Zimbabwe (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Louis Jourdan, French actor
  • 1919 – Pauline Kael, American movie critic (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Aage Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1924 – Leo Nomellini, American football player (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Charlie Drake, British actor, writer and singer (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Tommy DeVito, American musician and singer (The Four Seasons)
  • 1928 – Nancy Marchand, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Barry Took, English comedy writer (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Thelma Barlow, English actress
  • 1930 – Gena Rowlands, American actress
  • 1932 – Pier Angeli, Italian-born American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1932 – Marisa Pavan, Italian-born actress
  • 1933 – Viktor Patsayev, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1936 – Shirley Goodman, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Marisa Galvany, American soprano
  • 1938 – Wahoo McDaniel, American football player and professional wrestler (d. 2002)
  • 1938 – Ian Smith, Australian actor
  • 1941 – Václav Klaus, Czech politician and President
  • 1942 – Elaine “Spanky” McFarlane, musician (Spanky and Our Gang)
  • 1942 – Jos Brink, Dutch actor (d. 2007)
  • 1944 – Chico Buarque, Brazilian musician
  • 1945 – Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 – Radovan Karadžic, Serbian-Bosnian politician
  • 1947 – Paula Koivuniemi, Finnish singer
  • 1947 – Salman Rushdie, Indian author
  • 1948 – Phylicia Rashad, American actress
  • 1948 – Nick Drake, English musician (d. 1974)
  • 1950 – Ann Wilson, American musician (Heart)
  • 1951 – Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian terrorist
  • 1951 – Francesco Moser, Italian cyclist
  • 1953 – Larry Dunn, American musician (Earth, Wind and Fire)
  • 1954 – Kathleen Turner, American actress
  • 1956 – Doug Stone, American singer
  • 1957 – Anna Lindh, Swedish politician (d. 2003)
  • 1960 – Luke Morley, British guitarist
  • 1962 – Jeremy Bates, English tennis player
  • 1962 – Paula Abdul, American singer and choreographer
  • 1963 – Rory Underwood, English rugby union footballer
  • 1964 – Boris Johnson, British politician
  • 1964 – Brian Vander Ark, American musician (Verve Pipe)
  • 1965 – Sadie Frost, English actress
  • 1965 – Luc Donckerwolke, Belgian car designer
  • 1966 – Joichi Ito, Japanese entrepreneur
  • 1967 – Bjørn Dæhlie, Norwegian skier
  • 1967 – Mia Sara, American actress
  • 1968 – Alastair Lynch, Australian rules footballer
  • 1969 – Lara Spencer, American TV personality
  • 1970 – Quincy Watts, American athlete
  • 1970 – Rahul Gandhi, Indian politician
  • 1970 – Brian Welch, American guitarist
  • 1970 – Antonis Remos, Greek singer
  • 1972 – Brian McBride, American soccer player
  • 1972 – Poppy Montgomery, Australian actress
  • 1972 – Dennis Lyxzén, Swedish musician (Refused)
  • 1973 – Jahine Arnold, American football player
  • 1973 – Yasuhiko Yabuta, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974 – Doug Mientkiewicz, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Anthony Parker, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Hugh Dancy, English actor
  • 1976 – Bryan Hughes, English footballer
  • 1976 – Patrick Surtain, American football player
  • 1977 – Peter Warrick, American football player
  • 1978 – Tyson Dux, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Dirk Nowitzki, German basketball player
  • 1978 – Claudio Vargas, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – John Duddy, Northern Irish boxer
  • 1979 – Quentin Jammer, American football player
  • 1980 – Adel Abdulaziz, Emiratie football player
  • 1980 – Dante Robinson, American football player
  • 1982 – David Pollack, American football player
  • 1982 – Joe Cheng, Taiwanese actor
  • 1983 – Mark Selby, British snooker player
  • 1984 – Paul Dano, American actor
  • 1985 – John Decyk, American MMA Fighter
  • 1986 – Marvin Williams, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Rashard Mendenhall, NFL prospect
  • 1995 – Blake Woodruff, American actor

June 19 – Deaths:

  • 1312 – Piers Gaveston, French favorite of Edward II of England
  • 1542 – Leo Jud, Swiss reformer (b. 1482)
  • 1545 – Abraomas Kulvietis Lithuanian reformer (b. 1509)
  • 1584 – François, Duke of Anjou (b. 1555)
  • 1608 – Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (b. 1551)
  • 1650 – Matthäus Merian, Swiss engraver (b. 1593)
  • 1747 – Alessandro Marcello, Italian composer (b. 1669)
  • 1762 – Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer (b. 1702)
  • 1768 – Benjamin Tasker, provincial Governor of Maryland (b. 1690)
  • 1786 – Nathanael Greene, American Revolutionary general (b. 1742)
  • 1805 – Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (b. 1724)
  • 1820 – Joseph Banks, English naturalist and botanist (b. 1743)
  • 1844 – Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (b. 1772)
  • 1867 – Maximilian I, Mexican Emperor (b. 1832), Executed
  • 1902 – Albert, King of Saxony (b. 1828)
  • 1921 – Ramón López Velarde, Mexican poet (b. 1888)
  • 1937 – J. M. Barrie, Scottish author (b. 1860)
  • 1939 – Grace Abbott, American social worker and activist (b. 1878)
  • 1949 – Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)
  • 1952 – Heinrich Schlusnus, German baritone (b. 1888)
  • 1953 – Julius Rosenberg, American spy (executed) (b. 1918)
  • 1953 – Ethel Rosenberg, American spy (executed) (b. 1915)
  • 1956 – Thomas J. Watson, American businessman (IBM) (b. 1874)
  • 1966 – Ed Wynn, American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (b. 1898)
  • 1975 – Sam Giancana, American gangster (b. 1908)
  • 1977 – Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist (b. 1933)
  • 1977 – Lady Olave Baden-Powell, English Chief Girl Guide (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Paul Popenoe, American eugenicist (b. 1888)
  • 1986 – Coluche, French comedian (b. 1944)
  • 1986 – Len Bias, American basketball player (b. 1963)
  • 1987 – Teresa Cormack, New Zealand murder victim (b. 1981)
  • 1988 – Fernand Seguin, French Canadian biologist (b. 1922)
  • 1988 – Gladys Spellman, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1918)
  • 1993 – William Golding, English writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1995 – Peter Townsend, RAF officer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – G. David Schine, American businessman (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Bobby Helms, American singer (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – John Heyer, Australian documentary filmmaker (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Laura Sadler, English actress (b. 1980)
  • 2007 – El Fary, Spanish singer (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Terry Hoeppner, American football coach (b. 1947)
  • 2007 – Antonio Aguilar, Mexican singer and actor (b. 1919)

June 19 – Holidays:

  • Juneteenth (USA) – celebrates the Emancipation Proclamation.

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On This Day in History June 18

June 18 – Events:

  • 618 – Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty’s rule over China.
  • 1178 – Five Canterbury monks see what was possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed. It is believed the current oscillations of the moon’s distance (on the order of metres) are a result of this collision.
  • 1264 – The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature.
  • 1429 – French forces under the leadership of Joan of Arc crush the main English army under Sir John Fastolf at the Battle of Patay. This turns the tide of the Hundred Years’ War.
  • 1767 – Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sighted Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: British troops abandon Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: The U.S. Congress declares war on the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1815 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Waterloo leads to Napoleon Bonaparte abdicating the throne of France for a second and final time.
  • 1858 – Charles Darwin receives from Alfred Russel Wallace a paper that included nearly identical conclusions about evolution as Darwin’s own. This prompts Darwin to publish his theory.
  • 1873 – Susan B. Anthony is fined $100 for attempting to vote in the 1872 presidential election.
  • 1887 – The Reinsurance Treaty is closed between Germany and Russia.
  • 1900 – Empress Dowager Longyu of China orders all foreigners killed, including foreign diplomats and their families.
  • 1908 – Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship.
  • 1923 – Checker Cab puts its first taxi on the streets.
  • 1928 – Aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly in an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean (she was a passenger; Wilmer Stutz was pilot and Lou Gordon,mechanic).
  • 1930 – Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute held.
  • 1940 – Appeal of June 18 by Charles de Gaulle.
  • 1940 – “Finest Hour” speech by Winston Churchill.
  • 1945 – William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) is charged with treason.
  • 1946 – Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist called for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim.
  • 1953 – The Republic of Egypt is declared and the monarchy is abolished.
  • 1953 – A United States Air Force C-124 crashed and burned near Tokyo, Japan killing 129.
  • 1954 – Pierre Mendès-France becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1959 – Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital’s director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The United States uses B-52 bombers to attack National Liberation Front guerrilla fighters in South Vietnam.
  • 1979 – SALT II is signed by the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • 1981 – The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California.
  • 1983 – Space Shuttle program: STS-7, Astronaut Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space.
  • 1984 – Major clash between about 5,000 police and a similar number of miners at Orgreave, South Yorkshire, during the 1984-1985 miners’ strike. Incident later known as the Battle of Orgreave.
  • 1996 – Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts.
  • 1999 – A global Carnival against Capitalism.
  • 2001 – Protests occur in Manipur over the extension of the ceasefire between Naga insurgents and the government of India.
  • 2006 – The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched.

June 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1269 – Princess Eleanor of England (d. 1298)
  • 1318 – Princess Eleanor of Woodstock (d. 1355)
  • 1466 – Ottaviano Petrucci, Italian printer (d. 1539)
  • 1511 – Bartolomeo Ammanati, Italian architect and sculptor (d. 1592)
  • 1517 – Emperor Ogimachi of Japan (d. 1593)
  • 1552 – Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (d. 1637)
  • 1667 – Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (d. 1750)
  • 1716 – Joseph-Marie Vien, French painter (d. 1809)
  • 1757 – Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine leader (d. 1833)
  • 1757 – Ignaz Pleyel, Austrian composer and piano manufacturer (d. 1831)
  • 1812 – Ivan Goncharov, Russian author (d. 1891)
  • 1815 – Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (d. 1881)
  • 1839 – William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (d. 1920)
  • 1845 – Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • 1854 – E.W. Scripps, American journalist and publisher (d. 1926)
  • 1863 – George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • 1868 – Miklós Horthy, Hungarian admiral and regent (d. 1957)
  • 1877 – James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator (d. 1960)
  • 1882 – Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgarian Communist leader (d. 1949)
  • 1884 – Édouard Daladier, French politician (d. 1970)
  • 1886 – Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (d. 1978)
  • 1891 – Mae Busch, Australian actress (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Blanche Sweet, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1895 – Manuela Fernández-Fojaco, Spanish supercentenarian
  • 1901 – Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicolaievna Romanova of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1903 – Jeanette MacDonald, American actress and singer (d. 1965)
  • 1903 – Raymond Radiguet, French author (d. 1923)
  • 1904 – Keye Luke, Chinese-born actor (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Manuel Rosenthal, French conductor and composer (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Frithjof Schuon, Swiss metaphysician, poet, and painter (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Bud Collyer, American game show host (d. 1969)
  • 1908 – Nedra Volz, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (d. 1997)
  • 1910 – E.G. Marshall, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Ray McKinley, jazz drummer and bandleader (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Dick Foran, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Sammy Cahn, American composer (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Sylvia Field Porter, American economist and journalist
  • 1915 – Red Adair, American firefighter (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian politician (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Richard Boone, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1917 – Arthur Tremblay, French Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Jerome Karle, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1918 – Franco Modigliani, Italian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Ian Carmichael, English actor
  • 1922 – Claude Helffer, French pianist (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – George Mikan, American basketball player (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Paul Eddington, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1927 – Eva Bartok, Hungarian-born British actress
  • 1928 – David T. Lykken, American scientist
  • 1929 – Jürgen Habermas, German sociologist and philosopher
  • 1931 – Fernando Henrique Cardoso, President of Brazil from 1995 to 2002
  • 1932 – Dudley R. Herschbach, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Geoffrey Hill, English poet
  • 1934 – Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Japanese manga artist (d. 2004)
  • 1935 – Hugh McColl, American banker
  • 1936 – Denis Hulme, New Zealand race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1992)
  • 1937 – Wray Carlton, American football player
  • 1937 – John D. Rockefeller IV, U.S. Senator
  • 1937 – Vitali Zholobov, cosmonaut
  • 1938 – Kevin Murray, Australian footballer
  • 1939 – Lou Brock, baseball player
  • 1939 – Jean-Claude Germain, French Canadian author, journalist and historian
  • 1940 – Michael Sheard, British actor (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Roger Ebert, American film reviewer
  • 1942 – Sir Paul McCartney, English singer and songwriter (The Beatles)
  • 1942 – Hans Vonk, Dutch conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1942 – Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa
  • 1942 – Carl Radle, American bass guitarist (d. 1980)
  • 1943 – Raffaella Carrà, Italian singer
  • 1944 – Sandy Posey, American singer
  • 1946 – Russell Ash, British author
  • 1946 – Fabio Capello, Italian football coach
  • 1946 – Bruiser Brody, professional wrestler (d. 1988)
  • 1949 – Chris Van Allsburg, American author and illustrator
  • 1949 – Prince Lincoln Thompson, Jamaican musician (d. 1999)
  • 1949 – Lech Kaczynski, Polish president, 2005-present
  • 1949 – Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Polish prime minister, twin brother of Lech Kaczynski
  • 1950 – Jackie Leven aka Sir Vincent Lone Scottish singer and songwriter
  • 1952 – Isabella Rossellini, Italian actress
  • 1952 – Carol Kane, American actress
  • 1956 – Brian Benben, American actor
  • 1957 – Miguel Ángel Lotina, Spanish football manager
  • 1960 – Ralph Brown, British actor
  • 1961 – Andrés Galarraga, baseball player
  • 1961 – Alison Moyet, English pop singer
  • 1963 – Bruce Smith, American football player
  • 1963 – Dizzy Reed, aka Darren Arthur Reed keyboardist for (former) Guns N’ Roses and Velvet  Revolver
  • 1964 – Uday Hussein, Iraqi leader (d. 2003)
  • 1966 – Kurt Browning, Canadian figure skater
  • 1969 – Pål Pot Pamparius, Norwegian musician (Turbonegro)
  • 1969 – Vito LoGrasso, American professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Christopher Largen, American author
  • 1971 – Nathan Morris, American singer (Boyz II Men)
  • 1971 – Jason McAteer, England-born Irish footballer
  • 1972 – Michal Yannai, Israeli actress and model.
  • 1973 – Alexandros Papadimitriou, Greek hammer thrower
  • 1973 – Eddie Cibrian, American actor
  • 1973 – Julie Depardieu, French actress
  • 1974 – Vincenzo Montella, Italian footballer
  • 1975 – Martin St. Louis, Canadian hockey player
  • 1975 – Aleksandrs Kolinko, Latvian footballer
  • 1975 – Marie Gillain, Belgian actress
  • 1975 – Jemma Griffiths, Welsh singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Jamel Debbouze, French actor and producer
  • 1976 – Alana de la Garza, American actress
  • 1976 – Witte Wartena, Dutch artist
  • 1976 – Blake Shelton, American Country Singer
  • 1978 – Wang Liqin, Chinese table tennis player
  • 1980 – Antonio Gates, American football player
  • 1980 – Tara Platt, American actress
  • 1980 – Ivana Wong, Hong Kong singer and songwriter
  • 1980 – Craig Mottram, Australian middle distance runner
  • 1981 – Teresa Cormack, New Zealand murder victim (d. 1987)
  • 1981 – Ella (Jiahua) Chen, member of the Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1982 – Sean Conant, Irish-American artist
  • 1984 – Mateus, Angolan footballer
  • 1986 – Richard Gasquet, French tennis player
  • 1989 – Renee Olstead, American singer and actress
  • 1991 – Willa Holland, American actress
  • 2006 – Countess Zaria of Orange-Nassau, Jonkvrouwe van Amsberg

June 18 – Deaths:

  • 1234 – Emperor Chukyo of Japan (b. 1218)
  • 1291 – King Alfonso III of Aragon (b. 1265)
  • 1464 – Roger van der Weyden, Flemish painter
  • 1536 – Henry Fitzroy, (b. 1519) bastard son of Henry VIII
  • 1588 – Robert Crowley, English printer and poet
  • 1629 – Piet Hein, Dutch naval commander and folk hero (b. 1577)
  • 1650 – Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer
  • 1673 – Jeanne Mance, French Canadian settler (b. 1606)
  • 1680 – Samuel Butler, English poet (b. 1612)
  • 1704 – Tom Brown, English satirist (b. 1662)
  • 1726 – Michel Richard Delalande, French organist and composer (b. 1657)
  • 1742 – John Aislabie, English politician (b. 1670)
  • 1749 – Ambrose Philips, English poet (b. 1674)
  • 1772 – Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (b. 1706)
  • 1772 – Gerard van Swieten, Dutch-born physician (b. 1700)
  • 1788 – Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (b. 1714)
  • 1794 – François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French Revolutionary leader (b. 1760)
  • 1794 – James Murray, British military officer and administrator (b. 1721)
  • 1815 – Thomas Picton, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1758)
  • 1815 – Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (b. 1766)
  • 1835 – William Cobbett, English journalist and author (b. 1763)
  • 1889 – Jacques Damala, Greek military officer and actor (b. 1855)
  • 1902 – Samuel Butler, English writer (b. 1835)
  • 1915 – Eufemio Zapata, brother to Mexican revolutionist Emiliano Zapata, killed by Sidronio  Comancho
  • 1916 – Max Immelmann, German flying ace (b. 1890)
  • 1922 – Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1928 – Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer (b. 1872)
  • 1936 – Maxim Gorky, Russian author (b. 1868)
  • 1937 – Gaston Doumergue, French statesman (b. 1863)
  • 1947 – Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (b. 1898)
  • 1959 – Ethel Barrymore, American actress (b. 1879)
  • 1963 – Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (b. 1912)
  • 1967 – Beat Fehr, Swiss racing driver (b. 1942)
  • 1971 – Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Roger Delgado, British actor (b. 1918)
  • 1974 – Georgy Zhukov, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1896)
  • 1974 – Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (b. 1896)
  • 1980 – André Leducq, French cyclist (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Terence Fisher, English film director (b. 1904)
  • 1982 – John Cheever, American author (b. 1912)
  • 1982 – Curd Jürgens, German actor (b. 1915)
  • 1984 – Alan Berg, American radio talk show host
  • 1985 – Paul Colin, French poster designer (b. 1892)
  • 1986 – Frances Scott Fitzgerald, Daughter of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre. (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – I. F. Stone, American journalist (b. 1907)
  • 1992 – Mordecai Ardon, one of Israel’s greatest painters (b. 1896)
  • 1992 – Peter Allen, Australian singer and songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 1997 – Lev Kopelev, Russian writer and dissident (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Nancy Marchand, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Jack Buck, American baseball announcer (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Larry Doby, American baseball player (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Syed Mushtaq Ali, Indian cricketer (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Manuel Sadosky, Argentine mathematician (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Vincent Sherman, American film director (b. 1906)
  • 2007 – Bernard Manning, British comedian (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Georges Thurston, Canadian singer (b. 1951)

June 18 – Holidays:

  • Seychelles – National Day.
  • Autistic Pride Day, beginning in 2005.

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On This Day in History June 17

June 17 – Events:

  • 1462 – Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II in The Night Attack, and the latter is forced to retreat from Wallachia.
  • 1497 – Battle of Deptford Bridge – Forces under King Henry VII soundly defeat troops led by Michael An Gof.
  • 1565 – Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru.
  • 1579 – Sir Francis Drake claims a land he calls Nova Albion (modern California) for England.
  • 1631 – Mumtaz Mahal died during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spent more than 20 years to build her tomb, the Taj Mahal.
  • 1773 – Cúcuta, Colombia is founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Bunker Hill
  • 1789 – In France, the Third Estate declares itself the national assembly.
  • 1839 – In the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha III issues the Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established as a result.
  • 1863 – Battle of Aldie in the Gettysburg Campaign of the American Civil War.
  • 1876 – Indian Wars: Battle of the Rosebud – 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse beat back General George Crook’s forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory.
  • 1877 – Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon – The Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.
  • 1885 – The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor.
  • 1898 – The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established.
  • 1901 – The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT.
  • 1930 – U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law.
  • 1932 – Bonus Army: Around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits.
  • 1933 – Union Station Massacre: In Kansas City, Missouri, four FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash were gunned down by gangsters attempting to free Nash.
  • 1939 – Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre.
  • 1940 – World War II: Operation Ariel begins – Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany’s takeover of Paris and most of the nation.
  • 1940 – World War II: Sinking of the RMS Lancastria by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France.
  • 1940 – World War II: The British Army’s 11th Hussars assault and take Fort Capuzzo in Libya, Africa from Italian forces.
  • 1940 – The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania fall under the occupation of the Soviet Union.
  • 1944 – Iceland becomes a republic; French troops land on German-held Elba.
  • 1948 – A Douglas DC-6 carrying United Airlines Flight 624 crashes near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, killing all 43 people on board.
  • 1953 – Workers Uprising: In East Germany, the Soviet Union orders a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion.
  • 1961 – The New Democratic Party of Canada is founded with the merger of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and the Canadian Labour Congress.
  • 1963 – The United States Supreme Court ruled 8 to 1 in Abington School District v. Schempp against allowing the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord’s Prayer in public schools.
  • 1972 – Watergate scandal: Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee, in an attempt by some members of the Republican party to illegally wiretap the opposition.
  • 1972 – The Vendome Hotel fire kills 9 Boston fire fighters.
  • 1982 – The body of “God’s Banker”, Roberto Calvi is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London.
  • 1987 – With the death of the last individual, the Dusky Seaside Sparrow becomes extinct.
  • 1991 – Apartheid: The South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act, which had required all racial classification of all South Africans at birth.
  • 1992 – A ‘Joint Understanding’ agreement on arms reduction is signed by U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin (this would be later codified in START II).
  • 1994 – Following a televised low-speed highway chase and a failed attempt at suicide, O.J. Simpson is arrested for the murders of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.

June 17 – Birthdays:

  • 1239 – King Edward I of England (d. 1307)
  • 1603 – Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint (d. 1663)
  • 1682 – King Charles XII of Sweden (d. 1718)
  • 1691 – Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect (d. 1765)
  • 1693 – Johann Georg Walch, German theologian (d. 1775)
  • 1704 – John Kay, English inventor (d. 1780)
  • 1714 – Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (d. 1762)
  • 1714 – César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (d. 1784)
  • 1718 – George Howard, British field marshal (d. 1796)
  • 1742 – William Hooper, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1790)
  • 1808 – Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (d. 1845)
  • 1810 – Ferdinand Freiligrath, German writer (d. 1876)
  • 1811 – Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter (d. 1879)
  • 1818 – Charles Gounod, French composer (d. 1893)
  • 1818 – Sophie of Württemberg, queen of the Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • 1832 – Sir William Crookes, English physicist and chemist (d. 1919)
  • 1839 – Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted for ritualist activities (d. 1931)
  • 1858 – Ebenezer Sumner Draper, 44 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1914)
  • 1861 – Pete Browning, American baseball player (d. 1905)
  • 1861 – Omar Bundy, U.S. army general and soldier (d. 1940
  • 1867 – John Robert Gregg, inventor of shorthand system (d. 1948)
  • 1867 – Henry Lawson, Australian poet (d. 1922)
  • 1880 – Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (d. 1964)
  • 1881 – Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer (d. 1955)
  • 1882 – Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (d. 1971)
  • 1888 – Heinz Guderian, German General (d. 1954)
  • 1898 – M.C. Escher, Dutch artist (d. 1972)
  • 1898 – Carl Hermann, German physicist (d. 1961)
  • 1900 – Martin Bormann, Nazi official (d. 1945)
  • 1902 – Sammy Fain, American popular music composer (d. 1989)
  • 1902 – Alec Hurwood, Australian cricketer (d. 1982)
  • 1903 – Ruth Wakefield, inventor of the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Ralph Bellamy, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Charles Eames, American designer and architect (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Elmer Lee Andersen, Governor of Minnesota (d. 2004)
  • 1909 – Ralph E. Winters, Canadian film editor (d. 2004)
  • 1910 – Red Foley, American musician (d. 1968)
  • 1910 – George Hees, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – John Hersey, American author (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – David “Stringbean” Akeman, American banjo player and actor (d. 1973)
  • 1917 – Atle Selberg, Norwegian mathematician (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Ajahn Chah, Buddhist meditation master (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician (d. 1981)
  • 1920 – François Jacob, French biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1923 – Elroy ‘Crazylegs’ Hirsch, American football player (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Martin Böttcher, German conductor
  • 1929 – Tigran Petrosian, Armenian chess player (d. 1984)
  • 1930 – Brian Statham, English cricketer (d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Harry Browne, American free-market libertarian writer, politician, and investment analyst  (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Christian Ferras, French violinist (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (d. 1970)
  • 1936 – Ken Loach, British film director
  • 1940 – George Akerlof, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian IAEA director, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1943 – Newt Gingrich, American politician
  • 1943 – Barry Manilow, American musician
  • 1945 – Frank Ashmore, American actor
  • 1945 – Tommy Franks, American General
  • 1945 – Ken Livingstone, English politician
  • 1945 – Eddy Merckx, Belgian cyclist
  • 1946 – Peter Rosei, Austrian writer
  • 1947 – Paul Young, English singer and percussionist (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – Christopher Allport, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1948 – Dave Concepción, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1948 – Aurelio López, Mexican baseball player (d. 1992)
  • 1949 – Snakefinger, British-born musician (d. 1987)
  • 1951 – Joe Piscopo, American actor
  • 1952 – Mike Milbury, American ice hockey player, coach and executive
  • 1957 – Phil Chevron, Irish musician (The Pogues, The Radiators From Space)
  • 1957 – Martin Dillon, American opera singer (d. 2005)
  • 1957 – Jon Gries, American actor
  • 1957 – Jack Wouterse, Dutch actor
  • 1958 – Jello Biafra, American musician and activist
  • 1958 – Bobby Farrelly, American film director
  • 1958 – Sam Hamad, Syrian-born Canadian politician
  • 1958 – Derek Lee Ragin, American countertenor
  • 1960 – Thomas Haden Church, American actor
  • 1962 – Michael Monroe, Finnish singer (Hanoi Rocks)
  • 1963 – Greg Kinnear, American actor
  • 1964 – Michael Gross, German swimmer
  • 1964 – Rinaldo Capello, Italian racing driver
  • 1964 – Erin Murphy, American actress
  • 1965 – Dermontti Dawson, American football player
  • 1966 – Jason Patric, American actor
  • 1967 – Eric Stefani, American musician
  • 1968 – Minoru Suzuki, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Paul Tergat, Kenyan athlete
  • 1970 – Jason Hanson, American football player
  • 1970 – Sasha Sokol, Mexican singer and actress
  • 1970 – Will Forte, American writer, actor and comedian
  • 1970 – Stéphane Fiset, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Michael Showalter, American comedian
  • 1971 – Paulina Rubio, Mexican singer
  • 1971 – Mildred Fox, Irish politician
  • 1973 – Krayzie Bone, American rapper (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)
  • 1973 – Leander Paes, Indian tennis player
  • 1973 – Christian Claudio, Puerto Rican Business Consultant
  • 1974 – Evangelia Psarra, Greek archer
  • 1975 – Joshua Leonard, American actor
  • 1975 – Chloe Jones, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1977 – Mark Tauscher, American football player
  • 1977 – Branko Tomovic, Serbian actor
  • 1977 – Roger Manganelli, American bassist (Less Than Jake)
  • 1978 – Kumiko Aso, Japanese actress
  • 1978 – Isabelle Delobel, French European ice dancer
  • 1979 – Nick Rimando, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Kimeru, Japanese singer
  • 1980 – Venus Williams, American tennis player
  • 1981 – Amrita Rao, Indian model and actress
  • 1981 – Kyle Boller, American football quarterback
  • 1981 – Shane Watson, Australian cricket all-rounder
  • 1983 – Lee Ryan, British singer (Blue)
  • 1983 – Kazunari Ninomiya, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1983 – Connie Fisher, English stage actress
  • 1984 – John Gallagher Jr. American stage actor
  • 1985 – Marcos Baghdatis, Cypriot professional tennis player
  • 1985 – Rafael Sóbis, Brazilian footballer

June 17 – Deaths:

  • 1025 – Boleslaw I the Brave, first king of Poland
  • 1091 – Dirk V, Count of Holland (b. 1052)
  • 1285 – Yekuno Amlak, Emperor of Ethiopia and restorer of the Solomonic dynasty
  • 1463 – Princess Catherine of Portugal, writer (b. 1436)
  • 1565 – Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (b. 1536)
  • 1694 – Philip Cardinal Howard, English Catholic Cardinal (b. 1629)
  • 1696 – John III Sobieski, King of Poland (b. 1629)
  • 1719 – Joseph Addison, English politician and writer (b. 1672)
  • 1734 – Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars, Marshal of France (b. 1653)
  • 1740 – Sir William Wyndham, English politician (b. 1687)
  • 1762 – Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (b. 1674)
  • 1775 – Major John Pitcairn, British marine (killed in battle) (b. 1722)
  • 1797 – Agha Muhammad Khan, Shah of Persia (b. 1742)
  • 1813 – Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician (b. 1726)
  • 1821 – Martín Miguel de Güemes Argentine military leader (b. 1785)
  • 1858 – Rani Lakshmibai, queen of Jhansi in North India, one of the leading figures of the Indian rebellion of 1857 (b. 1828)
  • 1898 – Edward Burne-Jones, English artist (b. 1833)
  • 1904 – Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov, Russian politician, Governor-General of Finland (assassinated) (b. 1839)
  • 1939 – Allen Sothoron, American baseball player (b. 1893)
  • 1940 – Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1942 – Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician (b. 1853)
  • 1952 – Jack Parsons, American rocket-fuel pioneer and renegade occultist (b. 1914)
  • 1956 – Paul Rostock, German doctor (b. 1892)
  • 1956 – Bob Sweikert, American racing driver (b. 1926)
  • 1957 – Dorothy Richardson, English writer (b. 1873)
  • 1961 – Jeff Chandler, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1968 – José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1901)
  • 1974 – Pamela Britton, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1979 – Duffy Lewis, baseball player (b. 1888)
  • 1981 – Richard O’Connor, British general (b. 1889)
  • 1981 – Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (b. 1889)
  • 1982 – Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (b. 1920)
  • 1983 – Peter Mennin, American composer and teacher (b. 1923)
  • 1986 – Kate Smith, American singer (God Bless America) (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Dick Howser, American baseball player and manager (b. 1936)
  • 1996 – Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Willie Davenport, American athlete (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Fritz Walter, German footballer (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Gerry McNeil, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Karl Mueller, American bassist (Soul Asylum) (b. 1962)
  • 2005 – Sam Loeb, comic book writer (b. 1988)
  • 2006 – Cláudio Besserman Vianna, aka “Bussunda”, Brazilian comedian (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Gianfranco Ferrè, Italian fashion designer (b. 1944)

June 17 – Holidays:

  • Iceland’s national day, celebrating independence from Denmark in 1944.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Albert Chmielowski
    • Saint Gondulf
    • Saint Hervé patron of the blind
    • Saint Hypatius of Bithynia
    • Saint Manuel
    • Saint Rainier
    • Saint Alena of Dilbeek (d. 640)
    • Saint Botolph, Abbot (d. ca. 680)

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