Monthly Archives: October 2011

On This Day in History October 31

October 31 – Events:

  • 445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites inJerusalem(see Nehemiah 9:1).
  • 475 – Romulus Augustulus was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 1517 – Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of theCastleChurchinWittenberg.
  • 1587 – Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • 1822 – Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempted to dissolve the Mexican Empire.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army.
  • 1863 – The Maori Wars resumed as British forces inNew Zealandled by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of theWaikato.
  • 1864 -Nevadais admitted as the 36thU.S.state.
  • 1876 – A monster cyclone ravagesIndia, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths.
  • 1892 – Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
  • 1912 – The Musketeers of Pig Alley, directed by D.W. Griffith, debuts as the first gangster film.
  • 1912 -Dominican Republicbecomes a signatory to theBuenos Airescopyright treaty.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Beersheba – “last successful cavalry charge in history”
  • 1918 -BanatRepublicfounded
  • 1923 – 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees atMarble Bar,Australiabegins.
  • 1924 – World Savings Day was announced in Milano/Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
  • 1926 – Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
  • 1936 – The Boy Scouts of thePhilippineswas formed.
  • 1938 – Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain ends – The United Kingdom preventsGermanyfrom invadingGreat Britain.
  • 1941 – After 14 years of work, drilling is completed onMount Rushmore.
  • 1941 – World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat nearIceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
  • 1943 – World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar guided interception.
  • 1954 – Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombingEgyptto force the reopening of theSuez Canal.
  • 1959 – Lee Harvey Oswald attempted to renounce his American citizenship at the US Embassy inMoscow,USSR.
  • 1961 – In theSoviet Union, Joseph Stalin’s body is removed from Lenin’s Tomb.
  • 1963 – Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) explosion inIndianapoliskills 74 people during an ice skating show. The mammoth explosion injured 400. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand was blamed.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with theParispeace talks,USPresident Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of “all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam” effective November 1.
  • 1984 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards (riots soon broke out inNew Delhiand nearly 2,000 innocent Sikhs were killed).
  • 1986 – The 5th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden is inaugurated. During the course of the congress the party name is changed to the Solidarity Party and the party ceases to be a communist party.
  • 1991 – A three day long snow and ice storm, dubbed the Halloween Blizzard, begins over portions of the Upper Midwest of theUnited States.
  • 1994 – An American Eagle ATR-72 crashes inRoselawn,Indiana, after circling in icy weather, killing 68 passengers and crew.
  • 1996 – The Fokker F100 on TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes into several houses in São Paulo, Brazil killing 98 including 2 on the ground.
  • 1997 – 19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by aCambridge,Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1998 -Iraqdisarmament crisis begins:Iraqannounces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
  • 1999 – EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling fromNew York CitytoCairocrashes off the coast of Nantucket,Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  • 1999 – Roman Catholic Church andLutheranChurchleaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
  • 1999 – Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns toMelbourneafter 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.
  • 2000 – A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff inTaipei,Taiwankilling 79 passengers and four crew members
  • 2000 – A chartered Antonov An-26 explodes after takeoff inNorthern Angolakilling 50 2000 – The last Multics machine was shut down.
  • 2002 – A federal grand jury inHouston,Texasformally indicted former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
  • 2003 – A bankruptcy court approves MCI’s reorganization plans, essentially clearing the  telecommunications company to exit bankruptcy.
  • 2003 – Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir’s 22 years in power.
  • 2004 – Passenger airline service ends atMirabelInternationalAirportinMontreal,Canada.
  • 2005 -U.S.President George W. Bush nominates Appeals court judge Samuel Alito to join the Supreme Court of the United States.

October 31 – Birthdays:

  • 1291 – Philippe de Vitry, French composer (d. 1361)
  • 1345 – King Fernando I ofPortugal(d. 1383)
  • 1391 – King Duarte ofPortugal(d. 1438)
  • 1424 – King Wladislaus III ofPoland(d. 1444)
  • 1538 – Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (d. 1607)
  • 1599 – Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (d. 1680)
  • 1620 – John Evelyn, English diarist (d. 1706)
  • 1622 – Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (d. 1694)
  • 1632 – (baptism) Johannes Vermeer, Flemish painter (d. 1675)
  • 1636 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector ofBavaria(d. 1679)
  • 1692 – Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1705 – Pope Clement XIV (d. 1774)
  • 1711 – Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (d. 1778)
  • 1724 – Christopher Anstey, English writer (d. 1805)
  • 1737 – James Lovell, American educator (d. 1789)
  • 1795 – John Keats, British poet (d. 1821)
  • 1815 – Karl Weierstraß, German mathematician (d. 1897)
  • 1825 – Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
  • 1827 – Richard Morris Hunt, American educator (d. 1895)
  • 1831 – Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist (d. 1910)
  • 1835 – Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1835 – Krišjanis Barons, Latvian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1838 – King Louis ofPortugal(d. 1889)
  • 1848 – Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1851 – Lovisa ofSweden, queen ofDenmark(d. 1926)
  • 1860 – Juliette Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts (d. 1927)
  • 1875 – Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Sara Allgood, Irish actress (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Marie Laurencin, French painter (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist Chinese leader, former Republic of China president (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (d. 1944)
  • 1892 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Basil Liddell Hart, British military historian (d. 1970)
  • 1896 – Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1902 – Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1912 – Dale Evans, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Ollie Johnston, American animator
  • 1914 – Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden
  • 1917 – Thomas Hill, Canadian actor
  • 1918 – Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Magnus Wenninger, American priest, author of Polyhedron models
  • 1920 – Dick Francis, Welsh novelist
  • 1920 – Joseph Gelineau French composer
  • 1920 – Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan rebel leader (d. 1957)
  • 1920 – Helmut Newton, German photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Anatoli Papanov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1922 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – King Norodom Sihanouk ofCambodia
  • 1925 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Jimmy Savile, English entertainer
  • 1927 – Lee Grant, American actress
  • 1928 – Cleo Moore, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Eddie Charlton, Australian snooker player (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Bud Spencer, Italian actor
  • 1930 – Michael Collins, American astronaut
  • 1931 – Dan Rather, American television journalist
  • 1933 – Phil Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936 – Michael Landon, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1937 – Tom Paxton, American singer-songwriter
  • 1939 – Ron Rifkin, American actor
  • 1939 – Tom O’Connor, British comedian
  • 1939 – Alui Farka Touré, Malian musician
  • 1941 – Derek Bell, British racing driver
  • 1941 – Dan Alderson, American scientist
  • 1942 – Dave McNally, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1942 – David Ogden Stiers, American actor
  • 1943 – Paul Frampton, English physicist
  • 1943 – Brian Piccolo, American football player (d. 1970)
  • 1944 – Kinky Friedman, American musician and novelist
  • 1944 – Sally Kirkland, American actress
  • 1945 – Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor
  • 1945 – Russ Ballard, English rock singer/songwriter, guitarist (Argent)
  • 1946 – Stephen Rea, Irish actor
  • 1946 – Norman Lovett, British actor
  • 1947 – Deidre Hall, American actress
  • 1947 – Frank Shorter, American runner
  • 1949 – Bob Siebenberg, American drummer (Supertramp)
  • 1950 – John Candy, Canadian comedian and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1950 – Jozef Stolorz, polish art painter
  • 1950 – Jane Pauley, American news anchor
  • 1950 – Zaha Hadid, British architect
  • 1950 -Antonio Taguba,USArmy Major General
  • 1951 – Nick Saban, American college football coach
  • 1952 – Bernard Edwards, American bass guitarist (Chic) (d. 1996)
  • 1953 – Michael J. Anderson, American actor
  • 1953 – John Lucas II, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Ken Wahl, American actor
  • 1957 – Robert Pollard, American rocker
  • 1957 – Brian Stokes Mitchell, American singer and actor
  • 1958 – Jeannie Longo, French cyclist
  • 1959 – Neal Stephenson, American author
  • 1959 – Mats Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican delegate to Congress
  • 1960 – Arnaud Desplechin, French film director
  • 1960 – Mike Gallego, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Reza Pahlavi, former crown prince ofIran
  • 1961 -Peter Jackson,New Zealandfilm director
  • 1961 – Larry Mullen, Irish drummer (U2)
  • 1961 – Alonzo Babers, American runner
  • 1961 – Kate Campbell, American musician
  • 1963 – Mikkey Dee, Swedish musician, drummer for Motörhead
  • 1963 – Dunga, Brazilian footballer
  • 1963 – Johnny Marr, English guitarist and songwriter (The Smiths)
  • 1963 – Fred McGriff, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Dermot Mulroney, American actor
  • 1963 – Rob Schneider, American actor
  • 1964 – Colm O’Ciosoig, Irish drummer (My Bloody Valentine, Hope Sandoval & the Warm Inventions)
  • 1964 – Marco van Basten, Dutch footballer
  • 1964 – Marty Wright, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Darryl Worley, American country singer
  • 1965 – Annabella Lwin, British singer (Bow Wow Wow)
  • 1965 – Rob Rackstraw, voice actor
  • 1966 – Adam Horovitz (Adrock), American rapper (Beastie Boys)
  • 1966 – Koji Kanemoto, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Joseph Boyden, Canadian novelist
  • 1967 – Vanilla Ice, American rapper
  • 1968 – Antonio Davis, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Mike O’Malley, American actor
  • 1969 – David Coburn, American actor/voice actor
  • 1970 – Nicky Wu, Taiwanese actor and martial arts expert
  • 1970 – Linn Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
  • 1970 – Rogers Stevens, American guitarist (Blind Melon)
  • 1970 – Mitch Harris, American guitarist (Napalm Death, among others)
  • 1970 – Johnny Moeller, American blues guitarist
  • 1970 – Steve Trachsel, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – Ian Walker, English footballer
  • 1971 – Toby Anstis, British radio presenter
  • 1972 – Shaun Bartlett, South African footballer
  • 1972 – Matt Dawson, English rugby union footballer
  • 1973 – Tim Byrdak, American baseball player
  • 1973 – David Dellucci, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Grigorios Georgatos, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Beverly Lynne, American erotic film actress
  • 1974 – Muzzy Izzet, Turkish footballer
  • 1974 – Natasja Saad, Danish hip hop and reggae artist (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Fabio Celestini, Swiss footballer
  • 1976 – Guti, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Piper Perabo, American actress
  • 1977 – Sylviane Félix, French athlete
  • 1977 – Séverine Ferrer, French singer
  • 1978 – Emmanuel Izonritei, Nigerian boxer
  • 1978 – Zachary Knighton, American actor
  • 1978 – Martin Verkerk, Dutch tennis player
  • 1979 – Saaphyri Windsor, American reality tv figure
  • 1979 – Simão Sabrosa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1980 – Eddie Kaye Thomas, American actor,
  • 1980 – Samaire Armstrong, American actress
  • 1980 – Alondra de la Parra, Mexican founder and artistic director of the New York-based Philharmonic Orchestra of theAmericas
  • 1981 – Irina Denezhkina, Russian writer
  • 1981 – Frank Iero, American musician (My Chemical Romance, Leathermouth, Pencey Prep; founder of Skeleton Crew)
  • 1981 – Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1981 – Jon Crocker, American songwriter
  • 1982 – Tomáš Plekanec, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1982 – The Cheeky Girls, British-Romanian singers
  • 1982 – Justin Chatwin, Canadian actor
  • 1983 – Katy French, Irish model (d. 2007)
  • 1986 – Christie Hayes, Australian actress
  • 1986 – Chris Alajajian, Australian racing driver
  • 1988 – Sébastien Buemi, Swiss racing driver
  • 1990 – James Charles Lewis aka Lil’ JJ, American actor/singer
  • 1991 – Jordan-Claire Green, American actress
  • 2005 – Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Felipe, Prince of Asturias and Letizia, Princess of Asturias

October 31 – Deaths:

  • 1147 – Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (bc. 1090)
  • 1214 – Leonora ofEngland, queen of Alfonso VIII ofCastile(b. 1162)
  • 1448 – John VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1390)
  • 1517 – Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)
  • 1641 – Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral and privateer (b. 1597)
  • 1659 – John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)
  • 1723 – Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke ofTuscany(b. 1642)
  • 1732 – Victor Amadeus II ofSavoy(b. 1666)
  • 1733 – Eberhard IV Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1676)
  • 1744 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
  • 1765 – Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (b. 1721)
  • 1768 – Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (b. 1690)
  • 1860 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (b. 1775)
  • 1879 – Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
  • 1879 – Joseph Hooker, American General (b. 1814)
  • 1883 – Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj
  • 1884 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (b. 1858)
  • 1913 – William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)
  • 1916 – Charles Taze Russell, American founder of the Jehovah’s Witnesses (b. 1852)
  • 1918 – Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (b. 1890)
  • 1920 – Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (b. 1854)
  • 1925 – Max Linder, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1926 – Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born magician (b. 1874)
  • 1929 – António José de Almeida, Portuguese politician and 6 President ofPortugal(b. 1866)
  • 1939 – Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (b. 1884)
  • 1943 – Max Reinhardt, German film director (b. 1873)
  • 1952 – U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)
  • 1959 – Jean Cabannes, French physicist (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1916)
  • 1975 – SD Burman, Indian musician (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – George Halas, American football player, coach, and team owner (b. 1895)
  • 1984 – Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister ofIndia(b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Eduardo de Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Anton Christoforidis, Greek boxer (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Joseph Campbell, American author and expert on mythology (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – John Houseman, Romanian-born actor and director (b. 1902)
  • 1988 – Alfred Pellan, Québécois painter (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – Joseph Papp, American theatrical producer (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Gene Anderson, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1993 – Federico Fellini, Italian director (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – RiverPhoenix, American actor (b. 1970)
  • 1995 – Rosalind Cash, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Marcel Carné, French film director (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (b. 1975)
  • 2000 – Watanabe Kazuki Japanese musician (Raphael) (b. 1981)
  • 2000 – Ring Lardner, Jr., American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
  • 2002 – Lionel Poilâne, French baker and entrepreneur (b. 1945)
  • 2002 – Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician, former president ofGreece(b. 1903)
  • 2002 – Raf Vallone, Italian actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Indian singer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Mary Wimbush, English actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – John “Beatz” Holohan, American drummer (Bayside) (b. 1974)
  • 2005 – Hal Anger, American biophysicist (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Pieter Willem Botha, President ofSouth Africa(b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby union footballer (b. 1951)

October 31 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – October 31 is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Arnulf
    • St. Bega
    • St. Quentin
    • St.Urban  
    • St. Wolfgang
  • Protestant Church,Slovenia- Reformation Day: Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on theWittenbergchurch on this day in 1517
  • October 31 is Halloween
  • Cornwall– Allantide
  • Paganism and Celts – Samhain
  • NevadaDay

 

 

 

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On This Day in History October 30

October 30 – Events:

  • 637 -Antiochsurrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge.
  • 1137 -Battleof Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II ofSicily.
  • 1270 – The Eighth Crusade and siege ofTunisend by an agreement between Charles I ofSicily(brother to King Louis IX ofFrance, who had died months earlier) and the sultan ofTunis.
  • 1340 -Battleof RioSalado.
  • 1470 – Henry VI ofEnglandreturns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle.
  • 1485 – Henry VII ofEnglandcrowned.
  • 1502 – Vasco da Gama returns toCalicutfor the second time.
  • 1831 – InSouthampton County,Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave revolt inUnited Stateshistory.
  • 1863 – Danish Prince Wilhelm arrives inAthensto assume his throne as George I, King of the Hellenes.
  • 1864 – Second war ofSchleswigends.Denmarkrenounces all claim to Schleswig,Holsteinand Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.
  • 1864 -Helena,Montanais founded after four prospectors discover gold at “Last Chance Gulch.”
  • 1894 – Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially.
  • 1905 – Tsar Nicholas II ofRussiagrantsRussia’s first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.
  • 1918 – The Ottoman Empire signs an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in theMiddle East.
  • 1920 – The Communist Party of Australia is founded inSydney.
  • 1922 – Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy.
  • 1925 – John Logie Baird createsBritain’s first television transmitter.
  • 1929 – The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed inStuttgart,Germany.
  • 1938 – Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds, causing a nationwide panic in theUnited States.
  • 1941 – World War II: Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations.
  • 1941 – 1,500 Jews from Pidhaytsi (in westernUkraine) are sent by Nazis to Belzec extermination camp.
  • 1944 – Anne Frank and sister Margot Frank are deported fromAuschwitzto the Bergen- Belsen concentration camp.
  • 1945 – Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs signs a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball color barrier.
  • 1947 – The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which is the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded.
  • 1950 – Pope Pius XII witnesses “The Miracle of the Sun” while at theVatican.
  • 1953 – Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that theUnited States’ arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
  • 1960 – Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in theUnited Kingdomat the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
  • 1961 – Nuclear testing: The Soviet Union detonates the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba overNovaya Zemlya; at 58 megatons of yield, it is still the largest nuclear device ever detonated. Nikita Kruschev announces that the scientists had planned to make it 100 megatons, but had reduced the yield to reduce fallout over theSoviet Union.
  • 1961 – Because of “violations of Lenin’s precepts”, it is decreed that Josef Stalin’s body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin’s tomb and buried near the Kremlin wall with a plain granite marker instead.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: Just miles fromDa Nang,United StatesMarines repel an intense attack by wave after wave of Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas. Among the dead, a sketch of Marine positions was found on the body of a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy who sold drinks to the Marines the day before.
  • 1970 – InVietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes large floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.
  • 1972 – A collision between two commuter trains inChicago,Illinoiskills 45 and injures 332.
  • 1973 – TheBosporusBridgeinIstanbul,Turkeyis completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over theBosporusfor the first time.
  • 1975 – Prince Juan Carlos becomesSpain’s acting head of state, taking over for the country’s ailing dictator, Gen. Francisco Franco.
  • 1980 -El SalvadorandHondurassign a peace treaty to put the border dispute fought over in 1969’s Football War before the International Court of Justice.
  • 1983 – The first democratic elections inArgentinaafter seven years of military rule are held.
  • 1985 – Space Shuttle Challenger lifts off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission.
  • 1987 – InJapan, NEC releases the first 16-bit home entertainment system, the TurboGrafx-16, known as PC Engine.
  • 1987 – Creation of Anprotec, the Brazilian Association of Science Parks and Business Incubators, which nowadays comprises circa 400 business incubators and 50 science and technology parks initiatives.
  • 1988 – Philip Morris buys Kraft Foods for U.S. $13.1 billion.
  • 1991 – The Madrid Conference forMiddle Eastpeace talks opens.
  • 1995 -Quebecsovereignists narrowly lose a referendum for a mandate to negotiate independence fromCanada(vote was 50.6% to 49.4%).
  • 2002 – British Digital terrestrial television (DTT) Service Freeview begins transmitting in parts of theUnited Kingdom.
  • 2005 – The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing ofDresdenduring World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.
  • 2007 – A magnitude 5.6 earthquake shook the San Francisco Bay at 08:04:54 PM (PDT) local time.

October 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1218 – Emperor Chukyo ofJapan(d. 1234)
  • 1513 – Jacques Amyot, French writer (d. 1593)
  • 1624 – Paul Pellisson, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1668 – Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, queen inPrussia(d. 1705)
  • 1735 – John Adams, President of theUnited States(d. 1826)
  • 1751 – Richard Sheridan, Irish playwright (d. 1816)
  • 1762 – André Chénier, French writer (d. 1794)
  • 1786 – Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer (d. 1871)
  • 1799 – Ignace Bourget, bishop ofMontreal(d. 1885)
  • 1821 – Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russian writer (d. 1881)
  • 1839 – Alfred Sisley, French artist (d. 1899)
  • 1844 – Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist (d. 1930)
  • 1847 – Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (d. 1897)
  • 1857 – Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist (d. 1904)
  • 1861 – Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (d. 1929)
  • 1871 – Paul Valery, French poet (d. 1945)
  • 1871 – Buck Freeman, American baseball player (d. 1949)
  • 1881 – Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and author (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – William Halsey, Jr, American admiral (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Günther von Kluge, German field marshal (d. 1944)
  • 1885 – Ezra Pound, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Zoe Akins, American playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, Greek Olympic champion (d. 1913)
  • 1893 – Charles Atlas, Italian-born bodybuilder (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Roland Freisler, German Nazi politician (d. 1945)
  • 1894 – Jean Rostand, French biologist (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Ruth Gordon, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet (d. 1928)
  • 1897 – Rex Cherryman, American actor (d. 1928)
  • 1898 – Bill Terry, baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Ragnar Granit Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Alexander Gode, German-American linguist (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Giuseppe Farina, Italian race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1966)
  • 1907 – Sol Tax, American anthropologist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Patsy Montana, American country music singer and songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1909 – Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (d. 1966)
  • 1911 – Ruth Hussey, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Richard E Holz, American composer
  • 1914 – Anna Wing, English actress
  • 1915 – Fred Friendly, American journalist (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Leon Day, American baseball player (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Bobby Bragan, American baseball player
  • 1917 – Nikolai Vasilievich Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Maurice Trintignant, French race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Jacques Swaters, Belgian racing driver
  • 1927 – Joe Adcock, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Nestor Almendros, Spanish cinematographer (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Clifford Brown, American musician (d. 1956)
  • 1931 – Vince Callahan, American politician
  • 1932 – Louis Malle, French film director (d. 1995)
  • 1932 – Barun De, Indian historian
  • 1934 – Frans Brüggen, Dutch musician
  • 1935 – Agota Kristof, Hungarian writer
  • 1935 – Michael Winner, British film director
  • 1935 – Jim Perry, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Robert Caro, American biographer
  • 1936 – Polina Astakhova, Ukrainian gymnast (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Claude Lelouch, French film director
  • 1939 – Leland H. Hartwell, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Grace Slick, American singer (Jefferson Airplane)
  • 1939 – Edward Holland, Jr., American singer
  • 1940 – Ed Lauter, American actor
  • 1941 – Theodor W. Hänsch, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Otis Williams, American singer
  • 1943 – Joanna Shimkus, Canadian actress
  • 1945 – Henry Winkler, American actor
  • 1947 – Timothy B. Schmit, American musician (Eagles)
  • 1948 – Rusty Goffe, British actor
  • 1951 – Harry Hamlin, American actor
  • 1953 – Charles Martin Smith, American actor
  • 1954 – Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer
  • 1956 – Juliet Stevenson, English actress
  • 1957 – Kevin Pollak, American actor
  • 1957 – Andy Archer, Scottish dramatist
  • 1958 – Joe Delaney, American football player (d. 1983)
  • 1958 – Stefan Dennis, Australian actor
  • 1958 – Ramona d’Viola, American cyclist
  • 1960 – Diego Armando Maradona, Argentine footballer
  • 1961 – Scott Garrelts, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Courtney Walsh, West Indian cricketer
  • 1963 – Michael Beach, American actor
  • 1963 – Kristina Wagner, American actress
  • 1964 – Howard Lederer, American poker player
  • 1966 – Scott Innes, American voice actor
  • 1967 – Brad Aitken, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Gavin Rossdale, English musician
  • 1968 – Jack Plotnick, American actor
  • 1969 – Masanori Hikichi, Japanese composer
  • 1970 -Maja Tatic,Bosniasinger
  • 1970 – Nia Long, American actress
  • 1970 – Ekaterini Voggoli, Greek discus thrower
  • 1971 – Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1973 – Adam “Edge” Copeland, Canadian wrestler
  • 1973 – Silvia Corzo, Colombian newscaster
  • 1973 – Michael Oakes, English footballer
  • 1976 – Stern John, Trinidadian footballer
  • 1976 – Maurice Taylor, American Basketball Player
  • 1977 – Jason Adelman, American actor
  • 1977 – Charmian Faulkner, Australian crime victim
  • 1978 – Martin Dossett, American football player
  • 1978 – Amanda Swafford, American model
  • 1979 – Jason Bartlett, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Yukie Nakama, Japanese actress
  • 1980 – Sarah Carter, Canadian actress
  • 1980 – Choi Hong-man, South Korean kickboxer
  • 1981 – Ivanka Trump, American model
  • 1981 – Jun Ji-hyun, South Korean actress
  • 1981 – Ian Snell, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Andy Greene, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Manny Parra, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Iain Hume, Canadian footballer
  • 1993 – Trent Edwards, American Football Player
  • 1984 – Eva Pigford, American model
  • 1986 – Thomas Morgenstern, Austrian ski jumper
  • 1987 – Junaid Siddique, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1988 – Janel Parrish, American actress
  • 1989 – Nastia Liukin, American gymnast
  • 1989 – Seth Adkins, American actor

October 30 – Deaths:

  • 1459 – Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (b. 1380)
  • 1522 – Jean Mouton, French composer
  • 1553 – Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)
  • 1602 – Jean-Jacques Boissard, French poet (b. 1528)
  • 1611 – King Charles IX ofSweden(b. 1550)
  • 1626 – Willebrord Snell, Dutch astronomer and mathematician (b. 1580)
  • 1632 – Henri II de Montmorency, French naval officer and Governor of Languedoc (b. 1595)
  • 1654 – Emperor Go-Komyo ofJapan(b. 1633)
  • 1680 – Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (b. 1616)
  • 1685 – Michel le Tellier, French statesman (b. 1603)
  • 1809 – William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke ofPortland, Prime Minister of theUnited Kingdom(b. 1738)
  • 1816 – Frederick I of Württemberg (b. 1754)
  • 1842 – Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – Pietro Raimondi, Italian composer (b. 1786)
  • 1883 – Robert Volkmann, German composer (b. 1815)
  • 1893 – John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, third Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
  • 1894 – Honoré Mercier, politician, Premier of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1899 – William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1816)
  • 1910 – Henry Dunant, Swiss founder of the Red Cross, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1828)
  • 1912 – James S. Sherman, Vice President of theUnited States(b. 1855)
  • 1915 – Charles Tupper, sixth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
  • 1923 – Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of theUnited Kingdom(b. 1858)
  • 1957 – Fred Beebe, baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 1966 – Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (b. 1906)
  • 1968 -Rose Wilder Lane, American journalist and author (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – Ramón Novarro, Mexican actor (b. 1899)
  • 1968 – Conrad Richter, American writer (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Pops Foster, American musician (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Sir Barnes Wallis, British scientist, engineer and inventor (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Donna Rachele Mussolini, Italian, wife of Benito Mussolini (b. 1890)
  • 1985 – Kirby Grant, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1988 – T. Hee, American animator (b. 1911)
  • 1993 – Paul Grégoire, Archbishop ofMontreal(b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Samuel Fuller, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Steve Allen, American comedian, author, and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Jam Master Jay, American rapper and musician (Run DMC) (b. 1965)
  • 2002 – Juan Antonio Bardem, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Peggy Ryan, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Al Lopez, American baseball player and manager (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian communist leader (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Junji Kinoshita, Japanese playwright (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Robert Goulet, American entertainer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Linda Stein, Ramones manager and real estate broker (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Washoe, chimpanzee trained in American Sign Language (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – John Woodruff, American athlete (b. 1915)

October 30 – Holidays:

  • Calendar of Saints – October 30th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Artemas
    • St. Herbert
    • St. Marcellus the Centurion
    • St. Saturninus
    • St. Serapion
  • USA- Mischief Night in some areas (known as Devil’s Night inMichigan)
  • International Orthopedic Nurses Day
  • Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions in post-Soviet states

 

 

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On This Day in History October 29

October 29 – Events:

  • 529 BC – The international day of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, who declared the first charter of human rights in the world also known as Cyrus Cylinder.
  • 437 – Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor inConstantinople. This unifies the two branches of the House of Theodosius
  • 969 – Byzantine troops occupyAntiochSyria
  • 1268 – Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic church.
  • 1390 – First trial for witchcraft inParis.
  • 1422 – Charles VII ofFrancebecomes king in succession to his father Charles VI ofFrance
  • 1467 -Battleof Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeatsLiege
  • 1618 – English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I ofEngland.
  • 1658 – Action of 29 October 1658 (Naval battle)
  • 1665 -Battleof Ambuila, where Portuguese forces defeated the forces of theKingdomofKongoand decapitated king Antonio I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga.
  • 1787 – Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni receives its first performance inPrague.
  • 1792 – Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of theWillametteRiver.
  • 1859 -Spaindeclares war onMorocco.
  • 1863 – Sixteen countries meeting inGenevaagree to form the International Red Cross.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Wauhatchie – Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant ward off a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet. Union forces thus open a supply line intoChattanooga,Tennessee.
  • 1881 – The Judge (US magazine) first published.
  • 1886 – The ticker-tape parade is invented inNew York Citywhen office workers spontaneously throw ticker tape into the streets as the Statue of Liberty is dedicated.
  • 1901 – InAmherst,Massachusettsnurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering theDavisfamily ofBostonwith an overdose of morphine.
  • 1901 – Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of US President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
  • 1913 – Floods inEl Salvadorkill thousands.
  • 1921 – TheLinkRiverDam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
  • 1921 – Second trial of Sacco and Vanzetti inUSA.
  • 1921 – TheHarvardUniversityfootball team loses toCentreCollege, ending a 25 game winning streak. This is considered one of the biggest upsets in college football.
  • 1922 – The King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, appoints Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister.
  • 1923 -Turkeybecomes a republic following the dissolution of theOttoman Empire.
  • 1929 – The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of ’29 or “Black Tuesday,” ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany’s persecution of Jews.
  • 1944 -Bredain theNetherlandsis liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division
  • 1945 – Getulio Vargas, president ofBrazil, resigns. 
  • 1948 – Safsaf massacre
  • 1955 – The Soviet battleship Novorossiisk strikes a World War II mine in the harbor atSevastopol.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis begins:Israelforces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward theSuez Canal.
  • 1956 – Tangier Protocol signed: The international city Tangier is reintegrated intoMorocco.
  • 1957 -Israel’s prime minister David Ben Gurion and five of his ministers are injured as a hand grenade is tossed intoIsrael’s parliament, the Knesset.
  • 1960 – InLouisville,Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later takes the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight.
  • 1961 -Syriaexits from theUnited Arab Republic.
  • 1964 – Tanganika andZanzibarjoin to form theRepublicofTanzania. 
  • 1964 – A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat (113 g) Star of India, is stolen by a group of thieves including Jack Murphy from theAmericanMuseumof Natural History inNew York City.
  • 1967 -Londoncriminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
  • 1967 -Montreal’s World Fair, Expo 67, closes with over 50 million visitors.
  • 1969 – The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – The total number of American troops still inVietnamdrops to a record low of 196,700 (the lowest level since January 1966).
  • 1980 – Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for anIranhostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base’sDuke Field,Floridaleading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.
  • 1983 – Over 500,000 people demonstrate against cruise missiles inThe Hague, The Netherlands.
  • 1985 – Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multiparty election inLiberia. 
  • 1986 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway. 
  • 1988 -Pakistan’s General Rahimuddin Khan resigns from his post as Governor of Sindh, following the efforts by President of Pakistan Ghulam Ishaq Khan to limit the powers Rahimuddin had accumulated. 
  • 1991 – The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid. 
  • 1994 – Francisco Martin Duran fires over two dozen shots at the White House (Duran was later convicted of trying to kill US President Bill Clinton).
  • 1998 – Apartheid: InSouth Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.
  • 1998 – Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.
  • 1998 – ATSC HDTV broadcasting in theUnited Statesis inaugurated with the launch of STS-95 space shuttle mission.
  • 1998 – While en route fromAdanatoAnkara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly toSwitzerland. The plane instead lands inAnkaraafter the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he was landing in the Bulgarian capital ofSofiato refuel.
  • 1998 – Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, made landfall inHonduras.
  • 1999 – Deadliest Indian Ocean tropical cyclone hitsOrissa,India. This event was known as 1999 Orissa cyclone ever since.
  • 2002 – Ho Chi Minh City ITC Inferno, a fire destroys a luxurious department store with 1500 people shopping. Over 60 people died and over 100 are missing. It is the deadliest disaster inVietnamduring peacetime.
  • 2004 – The Arabic news network Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004U.S.presidential election.
  • 2004 – InRome, European heads of state sign the Treaty and Final Act establishing the first European Constitution.
  • 2005 – 29 October 2005Delhibombings kill more than 60.
  • 2007 – Argentina elects its first female president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.

October 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1017 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1056)
  • 1656 (O.S.) – Edmond Halley, English astronomer (d. 1742)
  • 1682 – Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (d. 1761)
  • 1690 – Martin Folkes, English antiquarian (d. 1754)
  • 1704 – John Byng, British admiral (d. 1757)
  • 1740 – James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson (d. 1795)
  • 1815 – Daniel Emmett, American composer (d. 1904)
  • 1815 – Ludovít Štúr, Slovak politician, author of Slovak language (d. 1856)
  • 1822 – Mieczyslaw Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1827 – Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1855 – Paul Bruchési, archbishop ofMontreal(d. 1939)
  • 1861 – Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • 1875 – Marie of Edinburgh, queen ofRomania(d. 1938)
  • 1877 – Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (d. 1973)
  • 1879 – Alva B. Adams, American politician (d. 1941)
  • 1879 – Franz von Papen, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1880 – Abram Ioffe, Soviet physicist (d. 1960)
  • 1882 – Jean Giraudoux, French writer (d. 1944)
  • 1891 – Fanny Brice, American singer (d. 1951)
  • 1897 – Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda (d. 1945)
  • 1899 – Akim Tamiroff, Russian actor (d. 1972)
  • 1906 – Fredric Brown, American science fiction and mystery writer (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Edwige Feuillère, French film actress (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Alfred Ayer, British philosopher (d. 1989)
  • 1915 – William Berenberg, American physician (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Eddie Constantine, American actor/singer (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1920 – Catholicos Baselios Mar Thoma Didymos I, Indian Catholic
  • 1921 – Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Neil Hefti, American jazz musician
  • 1923 – Carl Djerassi, Austrian chemist
  • 1925 – Dominick Dunne, American author
  • 1925 – Robert Hardy, English actor
  • 1926 – Jon Vickers, Canadian tenor
  • 1930 – Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Natalie Sleeth, American composer (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Omara Portuondo, Cuban singer
  • 1931 – Franco Interlenghi, Italian actor
  • 1935 – Takahata Isao, Japanese animated film director
  • 1936 – Akiko Kojima, Japanese model
  • 1938 – Ralph Bakshi, Israeli cartoonist
  • 1938 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President ofLiberia
  • 1940 – Frida Boccara, French singer (d. 1996)
  • 1940 -Connie Mack,U.S.Senator fromFlorida
  • 1940 – José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Catholic bishop
  • 1942 – Bob Ross, American artist and television host (d. 1995)
  • 1943 – Don Simpson, American film producer (d. 1996)
  • 1944 – Denny Laine, English musician (Moody Blues,Wings)
  • 1944 – Otto Wiesheu, German minister
  • 1944 – Claude Brochu, Major League Baseball executive (Montreal Expos)
  • 1946 – Peter Green, English guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1946 -Lynn Carey,US-American actress and singer (Mama Lion)
  • 1947 – Richard Dreyfuss, American actor
  • 1947 – Helen Coonan, Australian politician
  • 1948 – Kate Jackson, American actress
  • 1949 – Paul Orndorff, American professional wrestler
  • 1953 – Denis Potvin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Kevin DuBrow, American singer (Quiet Riot) (d. 2007)
  • 1955 – Roger O’Donnell, English musician (The Cure)
  • 1956 – Wilfredo Gómez, Puerto Rican boxer
  • 1957 – Dan Castellaneta, American voice actor, Best known as the voice of Homer Simpson
  • 1958 – David Remnick, American writer and editor of The New Yorker
  • 1959 – Mike Gartner, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Finola Hughes, British actress
  • 1961 – Randy Jackson, American musician
  • 1961 – Joel Otto, National Hockey League player
  • 1964 – Yasmin Le Bon, British model
  • 1967 – Joely Fisher, American actress
  • 1967 – Beth Chapman, Star of Dog the Bounty Hunter
  • 1967 – Rufus Sewell, English actor
  • 1968 – Johann Olav Koss, Norwegian speed skater
  • 1968 – Tsunku, Japanese music producer
  • 1969 – Giorgos Donis, Greek footballer
  • 1969 – Eleni Menegaki, Greek TV presenter
  • 1970 – Edwin van der Sar, Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Philip Cocu, Dutch footballer
  • 1971 – Winona Ryder, American actress
  • 1971 – Daniel J. Bernstein, American professor
  • 1971 – Matthew Hayden, Australian cricketer
  • 1972 – Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur
  • 1972 – Gabrielle Union, American actress
  • 1972 – Tracee Ellis Ross, American actress
  • 1973 – Robert Pirès, French footballer
  • 1973 – Éric Messier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Michael Vaughan, English cricketer
  • 1975 – Kelly Lin, Chinese actress
  • 1976 – Stephen Craigan, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1976 – Milena Govich, American actress
  • 1976 – Mohsen Emadi, Iranian Poet
  • 1977 – Brendan Fehr, Canadian actor
  • 1978 – Travis Henry, American football player
  • 1979 – Ignasi Giménez Renom, Catalan politician
  • 1980 – Ben Foster, American actor
  • 1980 – B.J. Sams, American football player
  • 1981 – Amanda Beard, American swimmer
  • 1981 – Jonathan Brown, Australian rules footballer
  • 1981 – Patricia Peristeri, Greek actress
  • 1981 – Reema Sen, Indian actress
  • 1982 – Chelan Simmons, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Ariel Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1983 – Maurice Clarett, American football player
  • 1983 – Dana Eveland, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Richard Brancatisano, Australian actor
  • 1983 – Jason Tahincioglu, Turkish racing driver
  • 1984 – Eric Staal, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Makoto Ogawa, Japanese singer

October 29 – Deaths:

  • 1038 – Aethelnoth, Archbishop ofCanterbury
  • 1138 – Boleslaw III Krzywousty, Duke ofPoland(b. 1086)
  • 1268 – Conradin, Duke ofSwabia(executed) (b. 1252)
  • 1268 – Frederick I, Margrave ofBaden(beheaded) (b. 1249)
  • 1590 – Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert, Dutch politician (b. 1522)
  • 1618 – Sir Walter Raleigh, English explorer (executed) (b. 1554)
  • 1650 – David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
  • 1666 – Edmund Calamy the Elder, English Presbyterian leader (b. 1600)
  • 1666 – James Shirley, English dramatist (b. 1596)
  • 1783 – Jean le Rond d’Alembert, French mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1829 – Maria Anna Mozart, Austrian musician (b. 1751)
  • 1877 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate general (b. 1821)
  • 1901 – Leon Czolgosz, American assassin of U.S. President William McKinley (b. 1873)
  • 1905 – Etienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1911 – Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-born newspaper publisher (b. 1847)
  • 1919 – A. B. Simpson, Canadian preacher (b. 1843)
  • 1932 – Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (b. 1857)
  • 1933 – Albert Calmette, French physician (b. 1863)
  • 1933 – Paul Painlevé, French mathematician and politician (b. 1853)
  • 1939 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (b. 1864)
  • 1949 – G. I. Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – King Gustaf V ofSweden(b. 1858)
  • 1953 – William Kapell, American pianist (b. 1922)
  • 1957 – Louis B. Mayer, American film producer (b. 1885)
  • 1957 – Rosemarie Nitribitt, German call girl (b. 1933)
  • 1958 – Zoe Akins, American playwright (b. 1886)
  • 1963 – Adolphe Menjou, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Duane Allman, American musician (b. 1946)
  • 1971 – Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Georges Brassens, French singer (b. 1921)
  • 1986 – Mimis Fotopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1913)
  • 1987 – Woody Herman, American musician (b. 1913) 
  • 1995 – Terry Southern, American screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1997 – Anton LaVey, American founder of theChurchofSatan(b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Paul Misraki, French songwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1999 – Michel Regnier (Greg), Belgian comic-book writer and artist (Achille Talon) (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Glenn McQueen, American animator (b. 1960)
  • 2003 – Hal Clement, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Franco Corelli, tenor (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Vaughn Meader, American comedian (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Peter Twinn, English mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Mohammadu Maccido, 18th Sultan of Sokoto (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Witold “Vitek” Kieltyka, Polish musician

October 29 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – October 29th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • Saint Narcissus ofJerusalem
    • St. Abraham ofRostov
    • DouaiMartyrs
    • St. Maximillian
    • Anglican Church – James Hannington
  • Turkey- Republic Day (1923)
  • Coronation Day of Norodom Sihamoni ofCambodia

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On This Day in History October 28

October 28 – Events:

  • 306 – Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 312 – Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine I defeats Maxentius, becoming the sole Roman Emperor.
  • 1061 – Empress Agnes, acting as Regent for her son, brings about the election of Bishop Cadalus, the antipope Honorius II
  • 1516 – Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.
  • 1531 – Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad’s control.
  • 1538 – The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
  • 1628 – The Siege of La Rochelle, which had been ongoing for 14 months, ends with Huguenot surrender
  • 1636 – A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University.
  • 1664 – The Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains – British Army forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
  • 1834 – The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
  • 1848 – The first railroad in Spain – between Barcelona and Mataró – is opened.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Fair Oaks ends – Union Army forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1886 – In New York Harbor, President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty.
  • 1891 – The Mino-Owari Earthquake, the largest earthquake in Japan’s history, strikes Gifu Prefecture.
  • 1893 – Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pathétique, premiered in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer’s death.
  • 1918 – World War I: Czechoslovakia is granted its independence from Austria-Hungary.
  • 1918 – The German fleet is immobilized when sailors mutiny en masse and disobey an order to leave port five times; 1,000 would ultimately be arrested.
  • 1918 – New Polish government in Western Galicia (Central Europe) is established.
  • 1919 – The U.S. Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the following January.
  • 1922 – March on Rome: Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government.
  • 1936 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt rededicates the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy invades Greece through Albania. This was the selected anniversary of Greece’s entry into World War II. It is celebrated in Greece as Okhi Day Day.
  • 1941 – Holocaust in Kaunas, Lithuania: German SS forces arrange the massacre of more than 9,000 Jews of the Kaunas ghetto. After the victims assembled on the Demokratu square at 6 am to be shot they are buried in gigantic ditches.
  • 1942 – The Alaska Highway (Alcan Highway) is completed through Canada to Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: 2,000 Jewish children and 6,000 Jewish adults from Cracow are deported by Germans to Belzec death camp.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: SS directive orders all Jewish children’s mittens and stockings to be sent from the death camps to the SS families.
  • 1948 – Swiss chemist Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
  • 1954 – The modern Kingdom of the Netherlands is re-founded as a federal monarchy.
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he had ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: U.S. officials deny any involvement in bombing North Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Nostra Aetate, the “Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions” of the Second Vatican Council, is promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolves the Jews of the alleged killing of Jesus, reversing Innocent III’s declaration from 760 years ago. In short, Pope Paul VI announces that the ecumenical council has decided that Jews are not collectively responsible for the killing of Christ.
  • 1970 – The land speed record set by Gary Gabelich in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
  • 1971 – Britain launches its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.
  • 1982 – Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE) wins elections, leading to first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco. Felipe Gonzalez becomes Prime Ministerelect.
  • 1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union.
  • 1985 – Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and makes peace overtures to the United States; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.
  • 1986 – The centennial of the Statue of Liberty’s dedication is re-celebrated in New York Harbor.
  • 1998 – An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
  • 2005 – Plame affair: Lewis Libby, Vice-president Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, is indicted in the Valerie Plame case. Libby resigns later that day.
  • 2006 – Funeral service for the peace of the executed at Bykivnia forest, outside of Kiev, Ukraine, with reburial of 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s – early 1940s.

October 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1510 – Francis Borgia, Spanish duke and Jesuit priest (d. 1572)
  • 1585 – Cornelius Jansen, Dutch bishop (d. 1638)
  • 1667 – Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain (d.  1740)
  • 1691 – Peder Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero (d. 1720)
  • 1697 – Canaletto, Italian artist (d. 1768)
  • 1703 – Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1718 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary (d. 1793)
  • 1767 – Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1852)
  • 1793 – Eliphalet Remington, American firearms manufacturer (d. 1861)
  • 1804 – Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (d. 1849)
  • 1818 – Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer (d. 1883)
  • 1845 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)
  • 1846 – Georges Auguste Escoffier, French chef (d. 1935)
  • 1864 – Adolfo Camarillo, prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher (d. 1958)
  • 1875 – Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, American geographer and editor (d. 1966)
  • 1877 – Joe Adams, American baseball player (d. 1952)
  • 1879 – Channing H. Cox, 49 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • 1881 – Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (d. 1922)
  • 1889 – Juliette Béliveau, Quebec comedian (d. 1975)
  • 1891 – Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (d. 1920)
  • 1892 – Dink Johnson, American musician (d. 1954)
  • 1896 – Howard Hanson, American composer (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Edith Head, American costume designer (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Elsa Lanchester, British-born actress (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – Evelyn Waugh, English writer (d. 1966)
  • 1907 – John Harold Hewitt, Northern Irish poet (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Arturo Frondizi, President of Argentina (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Francis Bacon, Anglo-Irish painter (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)
  • 1917 – Jack Soo, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1922 – Gershon Kingsley, German composer
  • 1922 – Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball coach (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Antonio Creus, Spanish racecar driver (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Bowie Kuhn, American Commissioner of Baseball (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Dame Cleo Laine, British singer
  • 1928 – Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian general
  • 1929 – Joan Plowright, British actress
  • 1929 – Marcel Bozzuffi, French actor (d. 1988)
  • 1929 – John Hollander, American poet
  • 1930 – Bernie Ecclestone, English motorsports impresario (F1)
  • 1932 – Suzy Parker, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (d. 1983)
  • 1935 – Alan Clarke, British film director
  • 1936 – Charlie Daniels, American musician
  • 1936 – Carl Davis, American-born musical conductor and composer
  • 1937 – Lenny Wilkens, American basketball player and coach
  • 1938 – David Dimbleby, English television commentator
  • 1938 – Anne Perry, English-born novelist
  • 1939 – Jane Alexander, American actress
  • 1939 – Miroslav Cerar, Yugoslav gymnast
  • 1940 – Susan Harris, American television writer and producer
  • 1941 – John Hallam, Irish actor
  • 1941 – Hank Marvin, English guitarist
  • 1941 – Curtis Lee, American singer
  • 1942 – Kees Verkerk, Dutch speed skater
  • 1943 – Conny Froboess, German singer
  • 1943 – Charo López, Spanish actress
  • 1944 – Dennis Franz, American actor
  • 1944 – Anton Schlecker, German billionaire
  • 1944 – Coluche, French comedian and actor (d. 1986)
  • 1945 – Elton Dean, English musician (Soft Machine) (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Wayne Fontana, British singer (The Mindbenders)
  • 1946 – Wim Jansen, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1946 – John Hewson, Australian politician
  • 1948 – Telma Hopkins, American singer (Tony Orlando and Dawn)
  • 1949 – Bruce Jenner, American athlete
  • 1949 – Tracy Reed, American actress
  • 1950 – Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
  • 1952 – Annie Potts, American actress
  • 1953 – Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman and hockey executive
  • 1955 – Bill Gates, American software executive
  • 1956 – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran
  • 1956 – Dave Wyndorf, American singer (Monster Magnet)
  • 1957 – Stephen Morris, British musician (Joy Division and New Order)
  • 1960 – Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times
  • 1958 – William Reid, Scottish musician (The Jesus and Mary Chain) 
  • 1962 – Daphne Zuniga, American actress
  • 1962 – Scotty Nguyen, professional poker player
  • 1962 – Erik Thorstvedt, Norwegian footballer
  • 1963 – Lauren Holly, American actress
  • 1963 – James Miller, the “Fan Man” (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Eros Ramazzotti, Italian singer
  • 1965 – Jami Gertz, American actress
  • 1965 – Luigi Miraglia, Italian Latinist
  • 1966 – Steve Atwater, American football player
  • 1966 – Andy Richter, American comedian and actor
  • 1966 – Aris Spiliotopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1967 – Julia Roberts, American actress
  • 1967 – John Romero, American video game designer
  • 1967 – Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
  • 1967 – Kevin Macdonald, Scottish film director
  • 1968 – Marc Lièvremont, French rugby union footballer and coach
  • 1969 – Ben Harper, American musician
  • 1969 – Javier Grillo-Marxuach, Puerto Rican screenwriter and producer
  • 1972 – Terrell Davis, American football player
  • 1972 – Brad Paisley, American musician
  • 1973 – Antonio Banks, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Joaquin Phoenix, Puerto Rican-born actor
  • 1974 – Vicente Moreno, Spanish footballer 
  • 1974 – Braden Looper, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Dejan Stefanovic, Serbian footballer
  • 1974 – Dayanara Torres, Puerto Rican actress and beauty queen
  • 1976 – Karl Tremblay, Canadian singer (Les Cowboys Fringants)
  • 1978 – Marta Etura, Spanish actress
  • 1978 – Justin Guarini, American singer
  • 1979 – Aki Hakala, Finnish drummer (The Rasmus)
  • 1979 – Martin Škoula, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Alan Smith, English footballer
  • 1980 – Christy Hemme, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Kanzi, Most Literate Non-Human
  • 1980 – Dimitri Liakopoulos, Greek actor
  • 1981 – Milan Baroš, Czech footballer
  • 1981 – Solomon Andargachew, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1982 – Jeremy Bonderman, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Mai Kuraki, Japanese singer
  • 1982 – Anthony Lerew, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Jarrett Jack, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Obafemi Martins, Nigerian footballer
  • 1984 – Amanda Paige, American model
  • 1985 – Richard Smith, American entrepreneur
  • 1996 – Naelee Rae, American actress
  • 1996 – Jasmine Jessica Anthony, American actress

October 28 – Deaths:

  • 312 – Maxentius, Roman emperor (b. c. 278)
  • 1225 – Jien, Japanese poet and historian (b. 1155)
  • 1312 – Elisabeth of Tirol, German queen
  • 1412 – Margaret I of Denmark, wife of Haakon VI of Norway (b. 1353)
  • 1485 – Rodolphus Agricola, Dutch humanist (b. 1443)
  • 1520 – Pier Gerlofs Donia, Frisian pirate and freedom fighter
  • 1568 – Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shogun (b. 1539)
  • 1627 – Jahangir, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1569)
  • 1639 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (b. 1587)
  • 1646 – William Dobson, English painter (b. 1610)
  • 1661 – Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
  • 1676 – Jean Desmarets, French writer (b. 1595)
  • 1703 – John Wallis, English mathematician (b. 1616)
  • 1704 – John Locke, English philosopher (b. 1632)
  • 1708 – Prince George of Denmark, Consort of Queen Anne of England (b.  1653)
  • 1716 – Stephen Fox, British politician (b. 1627)
  • 1740 – Empress Anna of Russia (b. 1693)
  • 1754 – Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (b. 1708)
  • 1755 – Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (b. 1689)
  • 1763 – Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (b. 1700)
  • 1768 – Michel Blavet, French flutist (b. 1700)
  • 1792 – Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist (b. 1710)
  • 1792 – John Smeaton, British civil engineer (b. 1724)
  • 1800 – Artemas Ward, American politician and soldier (b. 1727)
  • 1806 – Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)
  • 1818 – Abigail Adams, First Lady of the United States (b. 1744)
  • 1841 – Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)
  • 1857 – Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician (b. 1802)
  • 1877 – Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)
  • 1879 – Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French writer (b. 1799)
  • 1899 – Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (tuberculosis) (b. 1854)
  • 1900 – Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823) 
  • 1916 – Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (b. 1838)
  • 1916 – Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1917 – Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (b. 1831)
  • 1918 – Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician (b. 1845)
  • 1929 – Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1849)
  • 1939 – Alice Brady, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1952 – Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1957 – Ernst Gräfenberg, German physician and scientist (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1932)
  • 1965 – Earl Bostic, American saxophonist (b. 1913)
  • 1969 – Constance Dowling, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1973 – Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Sergio Tofano, Italian actor (b. 1883)
  • 1975 – Georges Carpentier, French boxer (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Oliver Nelson, American jazz composer and arranger (b. 1932)
  • 1986 – John Braine, British novelist (b. 1922)
  • 1987 – André Masson, French artist (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Ted Hughes, British poet (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Lída Baarová, Czech actress (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Carlos Guastavino, Argentine composer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Gerard Hengeveld, Dutch composer (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – Margaret Booth, American film editor (b. 1898)
  • 2002 – Erling Persson, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Jimmy McLarnin, Northern Irish-born boxer (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – Eugene K. Bird, German prison director (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Bob Broeg, American sports writer (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Raymond Hains, French artist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Tony Jackson, American basketball player (b. 1942)
  • 2005 – Fernando Quejas, Cape Verdean singer and musician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Ljuba Tadic, Serbian actor (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Red Auerbach, American basketball coach and executive (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Trevor Berbick, Jamaican boxer (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Marijohn Wilkin, American songwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Porter Wagoner, American country singer (b. 1927)

October 28 – Holidays:

  • October 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Charlotte, North Carolina – Stephen Colbert Day
  • Czechoslovakia – granted its independence from Austria-Hungary (1918); this is a holiday in the Czech Republic and Remembrance Day in Slovakia.
  • Greece – Oxi (No) Day marking the beginning of the invasion of Greece by Italy via Albania (1940)
  • Christian feast days:
    • Abdias of Babylon
    • Abgar V of Edessa
    • St. Eadsin
    • St. Fidelis of Como
    • Saint Godwin
    • Saint Job of Pochayiv
    • Saint Jude (a.k.a Saint Thaddaeus or “of James”)
    • St. Simon the Zealot (erroneously a.k.a. “the Canaanite”)

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On This Day in History October 27

October 27 – Events:

  • 312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.
  • 710 – Saracen invasion ofSardinia.
  • 939 – Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.
  • 1275 – Traditional founding of the city ofAmsterdam.
  • 1524 – Italian Wars: The French troops lay siege toPavia.
  • 1553 – Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outsideGeneva.
  • 1644 – SecondBattleof Newbury in the English Civil War.
  • 1682 -Philadelphia,Pennsylvaniais founded.
  • 1795 – TheUnited StatesandSpainsign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and theU.S.
  • 1806 – The French Army enters inBerlin.
  • 1810 -United Statesannexes the former Spanish colony ofWest Florida.
  • 1838 -Missourigovernor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
  • 1870 – Marshal François Achille Bazaine surrenders to Prussian forces atMetzalong with 140,000 French soldiers in one of the biggest French defeats of the Franco-Prussian War.
  • 1904 – The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest inUnited States, and one of the biggest in world.
  • 1916 -Battleof Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • 1922 – A referendum inRhodesiarejects the country’s annexation to the South African Union.
  • 1924 – The Uzbek SSR is founded in theSoviet Union.
  • 1936 – Mrs Wallis Simpson filed for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of theUnited Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne.
  • 1946 – First commercially-sponsored television program airs   (Geographically Speaking, sponsored by Bristol-Myers).
  • 1948 – Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).
  • 1953 – British nuclear test Totem 2 is detonated atEmu Field,South Australia.
  • 1954 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first black general in the United States Air Force.
  • 1958 – Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, is deposed in a bloodless coup d’état by General Ayub Khan, who was appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mirza 20 days earlier.
  • 1961 – NASA launched the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.
  • 1962 – Major Rudolph Anderson of the United States Air Force became the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane was shot down inCubaby a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
  • 1962 – The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian industry’s most relevant figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances.
  • 1964 – Ronald Reagan delivers a speech on behalf of Republican candidate for president, Barry Goldwater. The speech launched his political career and came to be known as “A Time for Choosing.”
  • 1971 -Democratic Republic of the Congois renamedZaire.
  • 1973 – TheCanonCitymeteorite, a 1.4 kg chondrite type meteorite strikes inFremont County,Colorado.
  • 1981 – The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast ofSweden.
  • 1986 – TheUnited Kingdomgovernment suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.
  • 1990 – Supreme Soviet of Kirghiz SSR chooses Askar Akayev as republic’s first president.
  • 1991 -Turkmenistanachieved independence from theSoviet Union.
  • 1992 – United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is brutally murdered by shipmates for being gay, precipitating first military, then national debate about gays in the military that resulted in theUnited States”Don’t ask, don’t tell” military policy.
  • 1995 -Latviaapplies for membership in the European Union.
  • 1995 – Former Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi is condemned in absentia for corruption.
  • 1997 – October 27, 1997 mini-crash: Stock markets around the world crash because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 554.26 points to 7,161.15. For the first time, the New York Stock Exchange activated their “circuit breakers” twice during the day eventually making the controversial move of closing the Exchange early.
  • 2002 – The ITV Network aired a constant regional service for the last time in Englandand Wales, but LWT lost its identity completely. All companies (except UTV, Channel, Scottish TV & Grampian TV) formed the national ITV1 with regional references only before regional programmes. 
  • 2005 – Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.

October 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1156 – Count Raymond VI ofToulouse(d. 1222)
  • 1401 – Catherine of Valois, queen of Henry V ofEngland(d. 1437)
  • 1466 – Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian (d. 1536)
  • 1728 – James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (d. 1779)
  • 1744 – Mary Moser, English painter (d. 1819)
  • 1760 – August von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1831)
  • 1782 – Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1840)
  • 1811 – Isaac Singer, American inventor (d. 1875)
  • 1811 – Stevens Thomson Mason, first Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
  • 1838 – John Davis Long, 32 Governor ofMassachusetts(d. 1915)
  • 1842 – Giovanni Giolitti, Italian statesman (d. 1928)
  • 1844 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish writer and pacifist, recipient of the  Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1916)
  • 1854 – Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys’ Brigade (d. 1914)
  • 1858 – Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of theUnited States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1919)
  • 1865 – Charles Spencelayh, English painter (d. 1958)
  • 1873 – Emily Post, American etiquette author (d. 1960)
  • 1877 – George Thompson, English cricketer (d. 1943)
  • 1885 – Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (d. 1948)
  • 1894 – Oliver Leese, British general (d. 1978)
  • 1896 – Edith Brown, survivor of the Titanic (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Earle Cabell, American politician (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Jack Carson, Canadian actor (d. 1963)
  • 1911 – Leif Erickson, American actor and singer (d. 1986)
  • 1914 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 1953)
  • 1915 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Augustine Harris, British Bishop ofMiddlesbrough(d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Oliver Tambo, South African freedom fighter (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Teresa Wright, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Nanette Fabray, American actress
  • 1920 – K. R. Narayanan, 10th President ofIndia 
  • 1921 – Warren Allen Smith, American encyclopedist 
  • 1922 – Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor and singer (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Ralph Kiner, American baseball player
  • 1923 – Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Ruby Dee, American actress
  • 1924 – Michel Galabru, French actor
  • 1925 – Albert Medwin, American inventor
  • 1925 -Warren Christopher,USSecretary of State (1993–1997)
  • 1926 – H.R. Haldeman, American political personality (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Gilles Vigneault, Canadian poet, singer and songwriter
  • 1931 – Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian writer
  • 1932 – Sylvia Plath, American poet (d. 1963)
  • 1932 – Jean-Pierre Cassel, French actor (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Floyd Cramer, American popular pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1934 – Giorgos Konstadinou, Greek actor and director
  • 1937 – Lara Parker, American actress
  • 1939 – John Cleese, British actor and writer
  • 1940 – John Gotti, American gangster (d. 2002)
  • 1940 – Maxine Hong Kingston, American writer
  • 1941 – Dick Trickle, American auto racer
  • 1942 – Lee Greenwood, American singer
  • 1945 – Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil
  • 1945 – John Kane, actor/writer
  • 1946 – Carrie Snodgress, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Ivan Reitman, Czechoslovakian-born Canadian film actor, producer  and director
  • 1949 – Garry Tallent, American bass player (E Street Band)
  • 1949 – Clifford Antone, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Fran Lebowitz, American writer
  • 1951 – K.K. Downing, English guitarist (Judas Priest)
  • 1951 – Carlos Frenk, Mexican/British cosmologist
  • 1951 – Nancy Jacobs, American politician
  • 1951 – Jayne Kennedy, American actress, model, and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Hameed Haroon, Pakistani publisher
  • 1952 – Roberto Benigni, Italian director and actor
  • 1953 – Peter Firth, British actor
  • 1953 – Robert Picardo, American actor
  • 1955 – Debra Bowen, American politician
  • 1956 – Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer
  • 1956 – Veronica Hart, American porn actress
  • 1957 – Jeff East, American actor
  • 1957 – Glenn Hoddle, English footballer
  • 1958 – Simon Le Bon, English singer (Duran Duran)
  • 1958 -Lee Carter,AlabamaJudge of the 25th Judicial Circuit
  • 1960 – Tom Nieto, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Marla Maples, American actress and model
  • 1964 – Mark Taylor, Australian test cricket captain (1994-1999)
  • 1967 – Scott Weiland, American singer (Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet   Revolver)
  • 1968 – Vinny Samways, English footballer
  • 1970 – Adrian Erlandsson, Swedish drummer (Cradle of Filth)
  • 1971 – JadeArcade, American comics artist and writer 
  • 1971 – Theodoros Zagorakis, Greek footballer 
  • 1971 – Jorge Soto, Peruvian footballer
  • 1972 – Lee Clark, English footballer
  • 1972 – Evan Coyne Maloney, American filmmaker
  • 1972 – Brad Radke, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Marika Krook, Finnish singer (Edea)
  • 1972 – Maria Mutola, Mozambican athlete
  • 1973 – Jason Johnson, American baseball pitcher (Cincinnati Reds)
  • 1975 – Zadie Smith, British novelist
  • 1977 – Jirí Jarosík, Czech footballer
  • 1977 – Kumar Sangakkara, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1978 -Vanessa-Mae,Singaporemusician
  • 1978 – Sergei Samsonov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Melanie Vallejo, Australian TV actress
  • 1980 – Tanel Padar, Estonian singer
  • 1980 – Cassia Riley, American model
  • 1981 – Han Hye-jin, South Korean actress
  • 1981 – Kristi Richards, Canadian freestyle skier
  • 1982 – Patrick Fugit, American actor
  • 1982 – Dennis Moran, American computer hacker
  • 1982 – Takashi Tsukamoto, Japanese actor
  • 1982 – Keri Hilson, American singer
  • 1983 – Brent Clevlen, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Kelly Osbourne, English television personality
  • 1984 – Brady Quinn, American football player
  • 1984 – Irfan Pathan, Indian cricketer
  • 1986 – Matty Pattison, English footballer
  • 1987 – Andrew Bynum, American basketball player

October 27 – Deaths:

  • 939 – King Athelstan I ofEngland(b. 895)
  • 1271 – Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (b. 1213)
  • 1312 – John II, Duke ofBrabant(b. 1275)
  • 1327 – Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I ofScotland(b. 1289)
  • 1331 – Abu al-Fida, Arab historian and geographer (b. 1273)
  • 1430 – Vytautas the Great, Grand Duke ofLithuania(b. 1350)
  • 1439 – Albert II ofGermany, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1397)
  • 1449 – Ulugh Beg, Timurid ruler and astronomer (b. 1394)
  • 1505 – Ivan III ofRussia(b. 1440)
  • 1553 – Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian and doctor (burned at the stake) (b. 1511)
  • 1561 – Lope de Aguirre, Spanish conquistador (b. 1510)
  • 1573 – Laurentius Petri, first Lutheran Archbishop ofSweden(b. 1499)
  • 1605 – Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, Mughal Emperor (born 1542)
  • 1617 – Ralph Winwood, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1670 – Vavasor Powell, Welsh non-conformist leader (b. 1617)
  • 1674 – Hallgrímur Pétursson, Icelandic poet (b. 1614)
  • 1675 – Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • 1789 – John Cook, American farmer and Governor of Delaware (b. 1730)
  • 1917 – Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1935 – E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (b. 1897)
  • 1942 – Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)
  • 1949 – Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (b. 1916)
  • 1949 – Ginette Neveu, French violinist (b. 1919)
  • 1953 – Thomas Wass, English cricketer (b. 1873)
  • 1962 – Enrico Mattei, Italian politician (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Lise Meitner, German physicist (b. 1878)
  • 1975 – Rex Stout, American novelist (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – James M. Cain, American novelist (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Steve Peregrin Took, English singer and songwriter (b. 1949)
  • 1980 – John Hasbrouck van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel Prize  Laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Judy LaMarsh, Canadian politician, author and broadcaster (b. 1924)
  • 1990 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-born musician (b. 1900) 
  • 1990 – Princess Sophie von Hohenberg, daughter of assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand ofAustria(b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Elliott Roosevelt, American war hero, author, and advertising executive (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Jacques Demy, French film director (b. 1931)
  • 1990 – Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor (b. 1922)
  • 1991- George Barker, English poet (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – MoreyAmsterdam, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Arthur Tremblay, French Canadian politician (b. 1917)
  • 1999 – Robert Mills, American physicist (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Charlotte Perriand, French architect and designer (b. 1903)
  • 2000 – Walter Berry, Austrian bass-baritone (b. 1929)
  • 2002 – Tom Dowd, American recording engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Rod Roddy, American television announcer (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Serginho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1974)
  • 2006 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Brad Will, American anarchist and independent journalist (b. 1970)

October 27 – Holidays:

  • United States- Navy Day
  • Greece- Flag Day
  • Turkmenistan- Independence Day (fromUSSR, 1991)
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines- Independence Day (fromBritain, 1979)
  • R.C. saints – October 27th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • Abban of Magheranoidhe
    • Abban of New Ross
    • St. Elesbaan
    • St. Frumentius, the saint who introduced Christianity intoEthiopia.

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On This Day in History October 26

October 26 – Events:

  • 740 – An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death.
  • 1640 – The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England.
  • 1774 – The first Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1776 – Benjamin Franklin departed from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.
  • 1795 – The French Directory, a five-man revolutionary government, is created.
  • 1825 – The Erie Canal opens – passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie.
  • 1859 – The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.
  • 1860 – Meeting of Teano. Giuseppe Garibaldi, conqueror of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies, gives it to King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.
  • 1861 – The Pony Express officially ceased operations.
  • 1863 – The Football Association is formed.
  • 1881 – The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place at Tombstone, Arizona.
  • 1905 – Norway becomes independent from Sweden.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The city of Thessaloniki is unified with Greece on the feast day of its patron Saint Demetrius. On the same day the Serbian troops captured Skopje.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany.
  • 1917 – World War I:Brazil declared in state of war with Central Powers.
  • 1918 – Erich Ludendorff, quartermaster-general of the Imperial German Army, is dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany for refusing to cooperate in peace negotiations.
  • 1936 – The first electric generator at Hoover Dam went into full operation.
  • 1940 – The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.
  • 1942 – World War II: In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the  Guadalcanal Campaign, one U.S. aircraft carrier, Hornet, was sunk and another aircraft carrier, Enterprise, is heavily damaged.
  • 1943 – World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 “Pfeil.”
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends.
  • 1947 – The Maharaja of Kashmir agrees to allow his kingdom to join India. 
  • 1947 – The British Military Occupation ends in Iraq.
  • 1948 – Killer smog settles into Donora, Pennsylvania.
  • 1951 – Boxer Joe Louis comes out of retirement to fight Rocky Marciano. However, Marciano would win the fight in eight rounds.
  • 1954 – Trieste return to Italy.
  • 1955 – After the last Allied troops have left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declares permanent neutrality.
  • 1958 – Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris, France.
  • 1964 – Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.
  • 1965 – The Beatles are appointed Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBEs).
  • 1977 – The last natural case of smallpox was discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination.
  • 1978 – Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.
  • 1979 – Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.
  • 1984 – “Baby Fae” receives a heart transplant from a baboon.
  • 1992 – The command and control system of the London Ambulance Service fails catastrophically.
  • 1992 – The Charlottetown Accord fails to win majority support in a Canada-wide referendum.
  • 1994 – Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty.
  • 1994 – Announcement that Andrew Wiles correctly proved Fermat’s last theorem.
  • 1995 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.
  • 1999 – Britain’s House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain’s upper chamber of Parliament.
  • 2000 – Laurent Gbagbo takes over as president of Côte d’Ivoire following a popular uprising against President Robert Guéï.
  • 2001 – The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
  • 2002 – Moscow Theatre Siege: Approximately 50 Chechen rebels and 150 hostages die when Russian Spetsnaz storm a theater building in Moscow, which had been occupied by the rebels during a musical performance three days before.
  • 2003 – The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in California history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km²), and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego. 
  • 2007 – Apple Inc. releases its newest version of Mac OS X.

October 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1427 – Archduke Sigismund of Austria (d. 1496)
  • 1473 – Friedrich of Saxony (d. 1510)
  • 1491 – Zhengde, Emperor of China (d. 1521)
  • 1609 – William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)
  • 1673 – Dimitrie Cantemir, Moldavian prince, linguist, and scholar (d. 1723)
  • 1684 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1685 – Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer (d. 1757)
  • 1694 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (d. 1758)
  • 1757 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)
  • 1759 – Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary leader (d. 1794)
  • 1768 – Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1794 – Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (d. 1881)
  • 1795 – Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer (d. 1872)
  • 1797 – Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (d. 1865)
  • 1800 – Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian field marshal (d. 1891)
  • 1802 – King Miguel of Portugal (d. 1866)
  • 1842 – Vasili Vasilyevich Vereshchagin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • 1849 – Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (d. 1917)
  • 1854 – C. W. Post, American entrepreneur (d. 1914)
  • 1865 – Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (d. 1912)
  • 1869 – Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, President of Brazil (d. 1957)
  • 1871 – Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (d. 1941)
  • 1873 – Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1942)
  • 1874 – Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, socialite and philanthropist (d. 1948)
  • 1874 – Martin Lowry, British chemist (d. 1936)
  • 1880 – Andrei Bely, Russian writer (d. 1934)
  • 1883 – Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Nestor Ivanovich Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary  leader (d. 1934)
  • 1899 – Judy Johnson, Hall of Fame baseball player in the Negro Leagues (d. 1989)
  • 1902 – Jack Sharkey, American boxer (d. 1994)
  • 1905 – George Flahiff, Canadian Cardinal (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (d. 1967)
  • 1911 – Sid Gilman, American football player (d. 2003) 
  • 1911 – Mahalia Jackson, American singer (d. 1972)
  • 1911 – Sorley MacLean, Scottish poet (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Don Siegel, American director (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Charlie Barnet, American jazz saxophonist and bandleader (d.  1991)
  • 1914 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1915 – Joe Fry, British racing driver (d. 1950)
  • 1916 – François Mitterrand, President of France (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran, Shah of Iran (d. 1980)
  • 1921 – George Forrest, Northern Irish MP (d. 1968)
  • 1925 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch author (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Francisco Solano López, Argentine comics artists
  • 1929 – Neal Matthews, Jr., American singer (The Jordanaires) (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Hans-Joachim Rödelius, German composer and musician (Cluster,  Harmonia)
  • 1936 – Shelley Morrison, American actress
  • 1941 – Charlie Landsborough, Singer/Songwriter
  • 1942 – Bob Hoskins, British actor
  • 1945 – Pat Conroy, American writer
  • 1945 – Jaclyn Smith, American actress
  • 1945 – Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author
  • 1946 – Pat Sajak, American game show host
  • 1946 – Holly Woodlawn, Puerto Rican actress
  • 1946 – Keith Hopwood, British musician (Herman’s Hermits)
  • 1947 – Hillary Rodham Clinton, US Secretary of State
  • 1947 – Trevor Joyce, Irish poet
  • 1947 – Ian Ashley, British racing driver
  • 1948 – Toby Harrah, American Major League Baseball player
  • 1949 – Steve Rogers, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1951 – Bootsy Collins, American musician (P Funk)
  • 1952 – Andrew Motion, English poet and Poet Laureate
  • 1953 – Rosa Monckton, notable charity fundraiser
  • 1953 – Keith Strickland, American musician (The B-52’s)
  • 1954 – Vassilis Hatzipanagis, Greek footballer
  • 1956 – Stephen Gumley, Australian businessman
  • 1956 – Rita Wilson, American actress
  • 1957 – Bob Golic, American football player
  • 1959 – Evo Morales, President of Bolivia
  • 1959 – François Chau, Cambodian actor
  • 1959 – Brian Bovell, British actor
  • 1961 – Dylan McDermott, American actor
  • 1962 – Cary Elwes, British actor
  • 1963 – Natalie Merchant, American singer
  • 1963 – Ted Demme, American film and television director (d. 2002)
  • 1964 – Thomas Cavanagh, Canadian actor
  • 1965 – Aaron Kwok Fu-Shing, Hong Kong singer
  • 1965 – Kelly Rowan, Canadian actress and producer.
  • 1966 – Jane Hajduk, American actress
  • 1966 – Steve Valentine, British actor
  • 1966 – Jeanne Zelasko, American sportcaster
  • 1966 – Masaharu Iwata, Japanese composer
  • 1967 – Keith Urban, New Zealand singer 
  • 1970 – Lisa Ryder, American actress
  • 1970 – Dian Bachar, American actor
  • 1970 – Raveena Tandon, Indian actress
  • 1971 – Anthony Rapp, American singer and actor
  • 1973 – Seth MacFarlane, American animator
  • 1973 – Taka Michinoku , Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1974 – LISA, Japanese musician
  • 1976 – Miikka Kiprusoff, Finnish hockey player
  • 1977 – Jon Heder, American actor
  • 1978 – Jimmy Aggrey, English footballer
  • 1978 – Mark Barry, English musician (BBMak)
  • 1978 – CM Punk, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Eva Kaili, Greek TV presenter and politician
  • 1979 – Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (d. 2002)
  • 1980 – Cristian Chivu, Romanian footballer
  • 1981 – Guy Sebastian, Australian singer
  • 1981 – Sam Brown, American comedian
  • 1982 – Adam Carroll, British racing driver
  • 1983 – Dmitri Sychev, Russian football player
  • 1983 – Francisco Liriano, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1983 – Luke Watson, South African rugby player
  • 1984 – Sasha Cohen, American figure skater
  • 1984 – Jefferson Farfán, Peruvian footballer
  • 1984 – Adriano Correia Claro, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Andrea Bargnani, Italian basketball player
  • 1985 – Monta Ellis, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Asin Thottumkal, Indian actress
  • 1987 – Elise Estrada, Canadian singer

October 26 – Deaths:

  • 899 – Alfred the Great, king of Wessex (b. 849)
  • 1235 – King Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1175)
  • 1440 – Gilles de Rais, French serial killer (b. 1404)
  • 1633 – Horio Tadaharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1596)
  • 1671 – Sir John Gell, 1st Baronet, English politician (b. 1593)
  • 1675 – William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
  • 1679 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (b. 1621)
  • 1686 – John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (b. 1623)
  • 1717 – Catherine Sedley, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1657)
  • 1751 – Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (b. 1702)
  • 1764 – William Hogarth, British painter (b. 1697)
  • 1773 – Amédée-François Frézier, French military engineer and explorer (b. 1682)
  • 1803 – Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician (b. 1721)
  • 1806 – John Graves Simcoe, first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (b. 1752)
  • 1817 – Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (b. 1727)
  • 1864 – “Bloody Bill” Anderson, American Civil War rebel guerrilla leader (b. 1839)
  • 1866 – John Kinder Labatt, Irish-Canadian brewer (Labatt Brewing Company) (b. 1803)
  • 1890 – Carlo Collodi, Italian writer (b. 1826)
  • 1896 – Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (b. 1827)
  • 1902 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American feminist and suffragette (b. 1815)
  • 1909 – Hirobumi Ito, Japanese Prime Minister, de facto Resident-General of Korea (b. 1841)
  • 1930 – Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (b. 1872)
  • 1931 – Charles Comiskey, baseball team owner (b. 1859)
  • 1937 – Józef Dowbór-Musnicki, Polish general (b. 1867)
  • 1941 – Arkady Gaidar, Russian children’s writer (b. 1904)
  • 1943 – Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born archaeologist (b. 1862)
  • 1944 – Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • 1944 – William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1881)
  • 1945 – Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
  • 1945 – Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (b. 1863)
  • 1947 – Canon Edwin Sidney Savage, English rector (b. 1862)
  • 1952 – Hattie McDaniel, American singer and actress (b. 1895)
  • 1956 – Walter Gieseking, French pianist (b. 1895)
  • 1957 – Gerty Cori, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1957 – Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek writer (b. 1883)
  • 1962 – Louise Beavers, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1966 – Alma Cogan, English singer (b. 1932)
  • 1971 – Vincent Coleman, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1972 – Igor Sikorsky, Kiev, Russian Empire (currently Ukraine) born  inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1978 – Alexander Gerschenkron, Russian-born economic historian (b. 1904)
  • 1979 – Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Gus Mancuso, baseball player (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Jackson Scholz, American runner (b. 1897)
  • 1989 – Charles J. Pedersen, American Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1994 – Wilbert Harrison, American singer (b. 1929)
  • 1995 – Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader and songwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Hoyt Axton, American actor and country music singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Jacques Massu, French general (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (b. 1979)
  • 2004 – Bobby Avila, Major League Baseball player (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Keith Parkinson, fantasy artist (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and museum director (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Nicolae Dobrin, Romanian footballer (b. 1947)
  • 2007 – Friedman Paul Erhardt (Chef Tell), German-born American TV chef (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Dr. Arthur Kornberg, American Nobel Prize laureate in 1959 for the discovery of DNA polymerase (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Khun Sa, Burmese warlord (b. 1934)

October 26 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – first day of Ludi Victoriae Sullanae (until 1 November) R.C. Saints – October 26th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Albinus
    • St. Alfred the Great
    • St. Cedd
    • St. Cuthbert of Canterbury
    • St. Demetrius (aka St. Dimitrios) of Thessaloniki
    • St. Fulk
    • St. Quadragesimus
  • Austria – National Day: Anniversary of the Declaration of Neutrality (1955)
  • Nauru – Angam Day

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On This Day in History October 25

October 25 – Events:

  • 732 – The army of Charles Martel defeats the Arabs at the Battle of Tours.
  • 1147 – The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a four-month siege.
  • 1147 – Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum.
  • 1315 – Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw, led an attack on Liverpool Castle.
  • 1415 – The army of Henry V of England defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt.
  • 1616 – Dutch sea-captain Dirk Hartog makes second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at the later-named Dirk Hartog Island off the Western Australian coast.
  • 1747 – British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • 1760 – George III becomes King of Great Britain.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: Canadians and Mohawks defeat the Americans in the Battle of Chateauguay.
  • 1828 – The St Katharine Docks opened in London.
  • 1854 – The Battle of Balaklava during the Crimean War (Charge of the Light Brigade).
  • 1861 – The Toronto Stock Exchange was created.
  • 1875 – The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist.
  • 1900 – The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
  • 1912 – Richard Strauss’ opera Ariadne auf Naxos receives its debut performance at the Vienna State Opera.
  • 1917 – Traditionally understood date of the October Revolution, involving the capture of the Winter Palace, Petrograd, Russia.
  • 1924 – The forged Zinoviev Letter is published in the Daily Mail, wrecking the British Labour Party’s hopes of re-election.
  • 1935 – Hurricane floods Haiti, killing over 2,000 people.
  • 1936 – Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini create the Rome-Berlin Axis.
  • 1938 – The Archbishop of Dubuque, Francis J. L. Beckman, denounces Swing music as “a degenerated musical system… turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people,” warning that it leads down a “primrose path to hell.”
  • 1944 – Heinrich Himmler orders a crackdown on the Edelweiss Pirates, a loosely organized youth culture in Nazi Germany that had assisted army deserters and others to hide from the Third Reich.
  • 1944 – The USS Tang (SS-306) under Richard O’Kane (the top submarine captain of World War II) is sunk by the ship’s own torpedo.
  • 1944 – The Romanian Army liberates Carei, the last Romanian city under Axis Powers’ occupation.
  • 1944 – Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history, takes place in and around the Philippines between the Imperial Japanese Navy and the U.S. Third and U.S. Seventh Fleets.
  • 1945 – The Republic of China takes over administration of Taiwan following Japan’s surrender to the Allies.
  • 1962 – Cuban missile crisis: Adlai Stevenson shows photos at the UN proving Soviet missiles are installed in Cuba
  • 1970 – The wreck of Confederate submarine Hunley was found off Charleston, South Carolina, by pioneer underwater archaeologist, Dr. E. Lee Spence, then just 22 years old. Hunley was the first submarine to sink a ship in warfare.
  • 1971 – The United Nations seated the People’s Republic of China and expelled the Republic of China
  • 1972 – The Washington Post reports that White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman was the fifth person to control a secret cash fund designed to finance illegal political sabotage and espionage during the 1972 presidential election campaign (see also Watergate scandal).
  • 1977 – Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
  • 1980 – Proceedings on the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction conclude at The Hague.
  • 1983 – Operation Urgent Fury: The United States and its Caribbean allies invade Grenada, six days after Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and several of his supporters were executed in a coup d’état.
  • 1991 – History of Slovenia: Three months after the end of the Ten-Day War, the last soldier of the Yugoslav People’s Army leaves the territory of the Republic of Slovenia.
  • 1992 – Lithuania holds a referendum on its first post-Soviet constitution.
  • 1993 – Jean Chrétien becomes Prime Minister of Canada with a massive majority for his Liberal Party in a general election in which the governing Progressive Conservatives, led by Kim Campbell, lost 149 of 151 seats in the parliament.
  • 1995 – A commuter train slams into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing seven students.
  • 1996 – The “Days of Action”, the largest one day strike in Ontario, Canada’s history, as over 250,000 protesters converged on the Ontario Legislature and attempted to shutdown Toronto, in protest to the Mike Harris government’s budget cuts.
  • 1997 – After a brief civil war which has driven President Pascal Lissouba out of Brazzaville, Denis Sassou-Nguesso proclaims himself the President of the Republic of the Congo.
  • 2004 – Fidel Castro, Cuba’s President, announces that transactions using the American Dollar will be banned by November 8.
  • 2007 – The first Airbus A380 passenger flight, operating for Singapore Airlines, with flight number SQ380, flying scheduled service between Singapore and Sydney, Australia.

October 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1102 – William Clito, Count of Flanders (d. 1128)
  • 1330 – Louis II of Flanders (d. 1384)
  • 1510 – Renée of France, french princess (d. 1574)
  • 1683 – Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (d. 1757)
  • 1759 – Maria Fyodorovna of Russia, wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia (d. 1828)
  • 1759 – William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, British politician (d. 1834)
  • 1767 – Benjamin Constant, Swiss writer (d. 1830)
  • 1772 – Geraud Duroc, French general (d. 1813)
  • 1782 – Levi Lincoln, Jr., 13th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • 1802 – Joseph Montferrand, Canadian logger and strong man (d. 1864)
  • 1806 – Max Stirner, German philosopher (d. 1856)
  • 1811 – Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • 1825 – Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer (d. 1899)
  • 1838 – Georges Bizet, French composer (d. 1875)
  • 1856 – Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936)
  • 1864 – Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer (d. 1956)
  • 1864 – John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (d. 1920)
  • 1867 – Józef Dowbór-Musnicki, Polish general (d.1937)
  • 1881 – Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1973)
  • 1888 – Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (d. 1957)
  • 1888 – Nils von Dardel, Swedish painter (d. 1943)
  • 1889 – Abel Gance, French film director (d. 1981)
  • 1891 – Father Coughlin, Roman Catholic priest and pro-Fascist radio broadcaster (d. 1979)
  • 1892 – Leo G. Carroll, English actor (d. 1972)
  • 1895 – Levi Eshkol, Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1969)
  • 1902 – Eddie Lang, American jazz guitarist (d. 1933)
  • 1903 – Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Harry Shoulberg, American painter (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (d. 2004)
  • 1910 – William Higinbotham, American physicist (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Minnie Pearl, American comedian and singer (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Klaus Barbie, Nazi war criminal (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – John Berryman, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1915 – Ivan M. Niven, Canadian mathematician (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Lee MacPhail, American baseball manager and league executive
  • 1921 – King Michael I of Romania
  • 1923 – Jean Duceppe, Quebec actor (d. 1990)
  • 1924 – Billy Barty, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Ismail Gulgee, Pakistani painter
  • 1926 – Galina Vishnevskaya, Russian soprano
  • 1927 – Barbara Cook, American singer and actress
  • 1927 – Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, President of Uruguay
  • 1928 – Marion Ross, American actress
  • 1928 – Anthony Franciosa, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Jimmy McIlroy, Irish footballer and football manager
  • 1931 – Annie Girardot, French actress
  • 1932 – Harry Gregg, Irish footballer and football manager
  • 1933 – Eugene “Porky” Lee, American child actor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Russell Schweickart, astronaut
  • 1936 – Sir Martin Gilbert, British historian
  • 1939 – Robin Spry, Canadian filmmaker and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Bobby Knight, American basketball coach
  • 1941 – Helen Reddy, Australian singer
  • 1941 – Anne Tyler, American novelist
  • 1944 – Jon Anderson, English singer (Yes)
  • 1944 – James Carville, American political stategist
  • 1947 – Glenn Tipton, English guitarist (Judas Priest)
  • 1948 – Dave Cowens, American basketball player and coach
  • 1948 – Daniel Mark Epstein, American poet and biographer
  • 1948 – Dan Gable, American wrestler and coach
  • 1948 – Dan Issel, American basketball player
  • 1949 – Réjean Houle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1950 – Chris Norman, English singer
  • 1951 – Richard Lloyd, American guitarist (Television)
  • 1952 – Ioannis Kyrastas, Greek footballer and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1954 – Mike Eruzione, American hockey player
  • 1955 – Robin Eubanks, American jazz trombonist
  • 1955 – Glynis Barber, English actress
  • 1955 – Matthias Jabs, German guitarist (Scorpions)
  • 1957 – Nancy Cartwright, American actress
  • 1958 – Kornelia Ender, East German swimmer
  • 1961 – Ward Burton, American auto racer
  • 1962 – Nick Hancock, British television presenter
  • 1962 – Chad Smith, American drummer (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1962 – Darlene Vogel, American actress
  • 1963 – Tracy Nelson, American actress
  • 1964 – Michael Boatman, American actor
  • 1964 – Nicole, German singer
  • 1964 – Kevin Michael Richardson, American actor
  • 1965 – Þorsteinn Bachmann, Icelandic actor
  • 1966 – Wendel Clark, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Perry Satullo, American professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Josef Beranek, Czech hockey player
  • 1969 – Oleg Salenko, Russian former footballer
  • 1970 – J.A. Adande, American sports columnist
  • 1970 – Adam Goldberg, American actor
  • 1970 – Adam Pascal, American actor
  • 1970 – Ed Robertson, Canadian musician (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1971 – Simon Charlton, English footballer
  • 1971 – Athena Chu, Hong Kong actress and singer
  • 1971 – Midori Goto, Japanese violinist
  • 1971 – Pedro Martínez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1972 – Jonathan Torrens, Canadian actor
  • 1975 – Ryan Clement, former XFL quarterback
  • 1975 – Eirik Glambek Bøe, Norwegian musician
  • 1976 – Steve Jones, Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Birgit Prinz, German footballer
  • 1978 – Russell Anderson, Scottish footballer
  • 1979 – Rob Hulse, English footballer
  • 1979 – Sarah Thompson, American actress
  • 1979 – Tony Torcato, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Mehcad Brooks, American actor and former model
  • 1981 – Shaun Wright-Phillips, English footballer
  • 1981 – Jerome Isaac Jones, American singer
  • 1981 – Austin Winkler, American lead vocalist (Hinder)
  • 1982 – Jerome Carter, American football player
  • 1982 – Eman Lam, Hong Kong singer
  • 1983 – Han Yeo-reum, South Korean actress
  • 1984 – Danny .S., English record producer
  • 1984 – Sara Helena Lumholdt, Swedish musician (A-Teens)
  • 1985 – Ciara Harris, American singer
  • 1986 – DJ Webstar, American disc jockey
  • 1986 – Eddie Gaven, American footballer
  • 1987 – Darron Gibson, Irish football player
  • 1988 – Jonathan Wilson, American Novelist
  • 1995 – Conchita Campbell, Canadian actress
  • 2001 – Princess Elisabeth of Belgium

October 25 – Deaths:

  • 304 – Pope Marcellinus (martyred)
  • 625 – Pope Boniface V
  • 1047 – King Magnus I of Norway (b. 1024)
  • 1154 – King Stephen of England (b. 1096)
  • 1200 – Conrad of Wittelsbach, German Archbishop
  • 1230 – Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (b. 1180)
  • 1400 – Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet
  • 1415 – Killed in the Battle of Agincourt:
  • Charles d’Albret, Count of Dreux and Constable of France
  • John I of Alençon (b. 1385)
  • Antoine, Duke of Brabant (b. 1384)
  • Philip of Burgundy, Count of Nevers and Rethel (b. 1389)
  • Frederick of Lorraine (b. 1371)
  • Philip II, Count of Nevers (b. 1389)
  • Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk (b. 1394)
  • Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York (b. 1373)
  • 1492 – Thaddeus McCarthy, Irish Catholic bishop
  • 1495 – King John II of Portugal (b. 1455)
  • 1514 – William Elphinstone, Scottish bishop and statesman (b. 1431)
  • 1555 – Olympia Fulvia Morata, Italian classical scholar (b. 1526)
  • 1557 – William Cavendish, English politician (b. 1505)
  • 1633 – Jean Titelouze, French organist
  • 1647 – Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist and mathematician (b. 1608)
  • 1683 – William Scroggs, Lord Chief Justice of England
  • 1733 – Giovanni Gerolamo Saccheri, Italian mathematician (b. 1667)
  • 1757 – Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (b. 1672)
  • 1760 – George II of Great Britain (b. 1683)
  • 1826 – Philippe Pinel, French psychiatrist (b. 1745)
  • 1833 – Abbas Mirza, prince of Persia (b. 1789)
  • 1852 – John C. Clark, American politician (b. 1793)
  • 1889 – Émile Augier, French dramatist (b. 1820) 
  • 1895 – Charles Hallé, German pianist and conductor (b. 1819)
  • 1910 – Willie Anderson, Scottish-born golfer (b. 1878)
  • 1920 – King Alexander I of Greece (b. 1893)
  • 1921 – Bat Masterson, American journalist and lawman
  • 1938 – Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (b. 1892)
  • 1945 – Robert Ley, Nazi German leader (b. 1890)
  • 1953 – Holger Pedersen, Danish linguist (b. 1867)
  • 1955 – Sadako Sasaki atomic bomb victim (b. 1943)
  • 1957 – Albert Anastasia, Italian-born gangster (b. 1902)
  • 1957 – Lord Dunsany, Irish writer (b. 1878)
  • 1960 – Harry Ferguson, farm equipment manufacturer (b. 1884)
  • 1963 – Roger Désormière, French conductor (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Eduard Einstein, son of Albert Einstein (b. 1910)
  • 1973 – Cleo Moore, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 1973 – Abebe Bikila, Ethiopian athlete (b. 1932)
  • 1976 – Raymond Queneau, French poet and novelist (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Virgil Fox, American organist (b. 1912)
  • 1985 – Gary Holton, English actor (b. 1952)
  • 1986 – Forrest Tucker, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1991 – Bill Graham, American rock promoter (b. 1931)
  • 1992 – Roger Miller, American musician and composer (b. 1936)
  • 1993 – Danny Chan, Hong Kong singer/songwriter (b. 1958)
  • 1993 – Vincent Price, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1994 – Kara Spears Hultgreen, American naval pilot (b. 1965)
  • 1994 – Mildred Natwick, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1995 – Bobby Riggs, American tennis player (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Viveca Lindfors, Swedish-born actress (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Payne Stewart, American golfer (b. 1957)
  • 2002 – Richard Harris, Irish actor (b. 1930)
  • 2002 – Paul Wellstone, U.S. Senator from Minnesota (b. 1944)
  • 2002 – René Thom, French mathematician (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Founder Swadhyay Movement (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Veikko Hakulinen, Finnish cross-country skier (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Robert Strassburg, American composer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – John Peel, British disc jockey (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Wellington Mara, American football team owner (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Danny Rolling, American murderer (b. 1954) (executed)

October 25 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints feast days: Saints Chrysanthus and Daria, Saints Crispin and Crispian, Blessed Thaddeus McCarthy
  • French Republican Calendar – Betterave (Beetroot) Day, fourth day in the Month of Brumaire
  • Grenada – Thanksgiving Day (commemorates Invasion of Grenada)
  • Kazakhstan – Republic Day
  • Taiwan – Retrocession Day (1945)
  • Virgin Islands – Thanksgiving Day
  • Day of the Romanian Army

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On This Day in History October 24

October 24 – Events:

  • 69 – Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius.
  • 1260 – The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • 1260 – Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself.
  • 1360 – The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.
  • 1593 – Alleged teleportation of Gil Perez.
  • 1648 – The Peace of Westphalia is signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years’ War.
  • 1795 – Partitions of Poland: The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is completely divided between Austria, Prussia and Russia
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
  • 1857 – Sheffield F.C., the world’s first football club, is founded in Sheffield, England.
  • 1861 – The First Transcontinental Telegraph line across the United States is completed, spelling the end for the 18-month-old Pony Express.
  • 1901 – Annie Edson Taylor becomes the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
  • 1911 – Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo concludes with the Serbian victory.
  • 1917 – Battle of Caporetto starts on the Austro-Italian front of World War I
  • 1917 – The day of the October revolution, The Red Revolution.
  • 1926 – Harry Houdini’s last performance, which was at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 1929 – “Black Thursday” stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange.
  • 1930 – A bloodless coup d’état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Dornelles Vargas is then installed as “provisional president.”
  • 1931 – The George Washington Bridge opens to public traffic.
  • 1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia
  • 1944 – World War II: The Japanese aircraft carrier Zuikaku, and the battleship Musashi are sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
  • 1945 – Founding of the United Nations
  • 1947 – Walt Disney testifies to the House Un-American Activities Committee, naming Disney employees he believes to be communists.
  • 1954 – Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States support to South Vietnam
  • 1957 – The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.
  • 1960 – Nedelin catastrophe: An R-16 ballistic missile explodes on the launch pad at the Soviet Union’s Baikonur Cosmodrome space facility, killing over 100. Among the dead is Field Marshall Mitrofan Nedelin, whose death is reported to have occurred in a plane crash
  • 1964 – Northern Rhodesia gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes the Republic of Zambia (Southern Rhodesia remained a colony)
  • 1973 – Yom Kippur War ends
  • 1977 – Veterans Day is observed on the fourth Monday in October for the seventh and last time. (The holiday is once again observed on November 11 beginning the following year.)
  • 1980 – Government of Poland legalizes Solidarity trade union
  • 1986 – Nezar Hindawi is sentenced to 45 years in prison, the longest sentence handed

down by a British court, for the attempted bombing on an El Al flight at Heathrow. After the verdict, the United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, claiming that Hindawi was helped by Syrian officials.

  • 1990 – Italian prime minister Giulio Andreotti reveals to the Italian parliament the existence of Gladio, the Italian “stay-behind” clandestine paramilitary NATO army.
  • 1995 – A total solar eclipse is visible from Iran, India, Thailand, and SE Asia.
  • 1998 – Launch of Deep Space 1 comet/asteroid mission
  • 2002 – Police arrest spree killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending the Beltway sniper attacks in the area around Washington, DC.
  • 2003 – Concorde makes its last commercial flight.
  • 2006 – Justice Rutherford of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice struck down the “motive clause”, an important part of the Canadian Anti-Terrorism Act.

 October 24 – Birthdays:

  • 51 – Domitian, Roman Emperor (d. 96)
  • 1378 – David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)
  • 1632 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch microbiologist (d. 1723)
  • 1675 – Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)
  • 1710 – Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer (d. 1773)
  • 1763 – Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (d. 1839)
  • 1788 – Sarah Josepha Hale, American poet (d. 1879)
  • 1804 – Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (d. 1891)
  • 1811 – Ferdinand Hiller, German composer (d. 1885)
  • 1854 – Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom, Dutch chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1855 – James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (d. 1912)
  • 1857 – Ned Williamson, American baseball player (d. 1894)
  • 1868 – Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (d. 1969)
  • 1872 – Peter O’Connor, Irish athlete (d. 1957)
  • 1875 – Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (d. 1958)
  • 1882 – Dame Sybil Thorndike, British actress (d. 1976)
  • 1887 – Octave Lapize, French cyclist (d. 1917)
  • 1887 – Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen of Spain (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Rafael Molina-Trujillo, President of the Dominican Republic (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – Jack Warner, English actor (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Gilda Gray, Polish-born American actress and dancer (d. 1959)
  • 1903 – Melvin Purvis, American FBI agent (d. 1960)
  • 1904 – Moss Hart, American dramatist (d. 1961)
  • 1906 – Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (d. 1968)
  • 1909 – Bill Carr, American athlete (d. 1966)
  • 1911 – Sonny Terry, American blues musician (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Paul Grégoire, French Canadian archbishop of Montreal (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (d. 1984)
  • 1915 – Bob Kane, American cartoonist (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Roger Milliken, American millionaire
  • 1919 – Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)
  • 1920 – Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Denise Levertov, English-born poet (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Luciano Berio, Italian composer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Y. A. Tittle, American football player
  • 1927 – Jean-Claude Pascal, French singer and actor (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Gilbert Bécaud, French composer and actor (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – George Crumb, American composer
  • 1929 – Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Hubert Aquin, French-Canadian novelist and activist (d. 1977)
  • 1930 – The Big Bopper, American singer (d. 1959)
  • 1930 – Johan Galtung, Norwegian peace researcher
  • 1930 – Sultan Ahmad Shah, King of Malaysia
  • 1931 – Sofia Gubaidulina, Russian composer
  • 1932 – Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Robert Mundell, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Ronald and Reginald Kray, British gangsters (Ronald d. 1995; Reginald d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Norman Rush, American writer
  • 1935 – Malcolm Bilson, American pianist and music professor
  • 1936 – Bill Wyman, English musician (The Rolling Stones)
  • 1937 – Santo Farina, American musician and composer (Santo & Johnny)
  • 1939 – F. Murray Abraham, American actor
  • 1940 – Martin Campbell, New Zealand film director
  • 1941 – William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer
  • 1944 – Viktor Prokopenko, Ukranian footballer and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Anthony Christian, English artist
  • 1945 – Gérald Larose, Quebec labour union executive
  • 1946 – Jerry Edmonton, Canadian drummer (d. 1993) (Steppenwolf)
  • 1947 – Kevin Kline, American actor
  • 1948 – Paul and Barry Ryan, British composers-singers
  • 1948 – Kweisi Mfume, American politician and activist
  • 1949 – Robert Pickton, Canadian charged with the first degree murder of twenty-six women
  • 1950 – Steven Greenberg, American composer
  • 1950 – Rawly Eastwick, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Brad Sherman, American politician
  • 1954 – Thomas J. Mulcair, Quebec politician
  • 1954 – Mike Rounds, American politician
  • 1954 – Jozef Ráž, Slovak musician
  • 1956 – Dale Maharidge, American author
  • 1957 – Ron Gardenhire, German-born American baseball manager
  • 1957 – John Kassir, American actor and comedian
  • 1960 – Ian Baker-Finch, Australian golfer
  • 1960 – B.D. Wong, American actor
  • 1960 – Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian (d. 1999)
  • 1960 – Joachim “Jo” Winkelhock, German race car driver
  • 1961 – Mary Bono, American politician
  • 1961 – Dave Meltzer, American wrestling journalist
  • 1962 – Dave Blaney, American race car driver
  • 1963 – John Hendrie, Scottish footballer
  • 1965 – Kyriakos Velopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1966 – Roman Abramovich, Russian oil magnate
  • 1967 – Jacqueline McKenzie, Australian actress
  • 1968 – Robert Wilonsky, American journalist
  • 1969 – Adela Noriega, Mexican actress
  • 1971 – Dervla Kirwan, Irish actress
  • 1971 – Caprice Bourret, American model and actress
  • 1972 – Kim Ji-soo, South Korean actress
  • 1972 – Scott Peterson, American murderer
  • 1972 – Pat Williams, American football player
  • 1973 – Levi Leipheimer, American cyclist
  • 1973 – Madlib, American musician and rapper
  • 1973 – Mike Matthews, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Jackie McNamara, Scottish footballer
  • 1973 – Jeff Wilson, New Zealand rugby player/Cricketer
  • 1974 – Wilton Guerrero, Dominican baseball player
  • 1974 – Corey Dillon, American football player
  • 1975 – Juan Pablo Ángel, Colombian footballer
  • 1976 – Petar Stoychev, Bulgarian swimmer
  • 1977 – Iván Kaviedes, Ecuadoran footballer
  • 1978 – Carlos Edwards, Trinidadian footballer
  • 1978 – Justin Lee Brannan, American musician
  • 1979 – Ben Gillies, Australian musician (Silverchair)
  • 1980 – James Killian, American football player
  • 1980 – Monica, American singer
  • 1980 – Matthew Amoah, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1980 – Zac Posen, American fashion designer
  • 1981 – Mallika Sherawat, Indian actress
  • 1981 – Tila Tequila, American model
  • 1982 – Mohamed Fairuz Fauzy, Malaysian racing driver
  • 1982 – Macay McBride, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Brian Vickers, American race car driver
  • 1983 – Adrienne Bailon, American actress and singer
  • 1984 – Kaela Kimura, Japanese model and singer
  • 1985 – Wayne Rooney, English footballer
  • 1986 – Aubrey Graham, Canadian actor and rapper
  • 1986 – John Ruddy, English footballer
  • 1987 – Charlie White, American ice dancer
  • 1987 – Anthony Vanden Borre, Belgian footballer
  • 1987 – Lincoln Lewis, Australian actor
  • 1989 – Eliza Taylor-Cotter, Australian actress

October 24 – Deaths:

  • 996 – King Hugh Capet of France (b. 938)
  • 1260 – Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt
  • 1375 – King Valdemar IV of Denmark (b. 1320)
  • 1537 – Jane Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII of England
  • 1572 – Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, English politician (b. 1508)
  • 1601 – Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer (b. 1546)
  • 1655 – Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist (b. 1592)
  • 1669 – William Prynne, English Puritan leader (b. 1600)
  • 1672 – John Webb, English architect (b. 1611)
  • 1708 – Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
  • 1725 – Alessandro Scarlatti, Italian composer (b. 1660)
  • 1799 – Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer (b. 1739)
  • 1821 – Elias Boudinot, American President of the Continental Congress (b. 1740)
  • 1852 – Daniel Webster, American lawyer and politician (b. 1782)
  • 1898 – Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 1912 – Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (b. 1842)
  • 1915 – Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (b. 1828)
  • 1922 – George Cadbury, British chocolate and cocoa manufacturer (b. 1839)
  • 1935 – Dutch Schultz, American gangster (b. 1902)
  • 1938 – Ernst Barlach, German sculptor (b. 1870)
  • 1943 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (b. 1912)
  • 1944 – Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian soldier, politician and convicted traitor, by execution (b. 1887)
  • 1948 – Franz Lehár, Austrian composer (b. 1870)
  • 1957 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer (b. 1905)
  • 1966 – Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)
  • 1971 – Carl Ruggles, American composer (b. 1876)
  • 1972 – Jackie Robinson, American baseball player, and the first black player in Major League Baseball (b. 1919)
  • 1972 – Claire Windsor, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1974 – David Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1908)
  • 1975 – Zdzislaw Zygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (b. 1888)
  • 1985 – Maurice Roy, Archbishop of Quebec, (b. 1905)
  • 1991 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (b. 1940)
  • 1997 – Don Messick, American voice actor (b. 1926)
  • 2001 – Wolf Rüdiger Hess, German neo-Nazi (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Winton M. Blount, United States Postmaster General (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Harry Hay, American activist (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Rosie Nix Adams, Stepdaughter of Johnny Cash (b. 1958)
  • 2004 – Randy Dorton, American race car crew member (b. 1954)
  • 2004 – Ricky Hendrick, American race car team owner (b. 1980)
  • 2004 – James Cardinal Hickey, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Robert Sloman, writer (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Immanuel C.Y. Hsu, scholar of modern Chinese intellectual and diplomatic history (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Mokarrameh Ghanbari, Iranian painter (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Enolia McMillan, American civil rights activist (b. 1904)
  • 2006 – William Montgomery Watt, Islamic studies scholar, orientalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Petr Eben, Czech organ composer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Alisher Saipov, Kyrgyz journalist
  • 2007 – Ian Middleton, New Zealand novelist (b. 1928)

October 24 – Holidays:

  • French Republican Calendar – Poire (Pear) Day, third day in the Month of Brumaire
  • Zambia – Independence Day (1964)
  • United Nations Day (charter 1945)

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On This Day in History October 23

October 23 – Events:

  • 42 BC – Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi – Brutus’s army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.
  • 425 – Valentinian III is elevated as Roman Emperor, at the age of 6.
  • 502 – The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
  • 1086 – At the Battle of az-Zallaqah, the army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI.
  • 1157 – The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
  • 1641 – Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 – anniversary commemorated by Irish Protestants for over 200 years.
  • 1642 – Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War.
  • 1694 – American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec.
  • 1707 – The first Parliament of Great Britain, i.e., the United Kingdom, meets.
  • 1739 – War of Jenkins’ Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
  • 1812 – Claude François de Malet, a French general, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he was now the commandant of Paris. De Malet is executed on October 29.
  • 1813 – The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom).
  • 1855 – Kansas Free State forces set up a competing government under their Topeka, Kansas, constitution, which outlaws slavery in the United States territory.
  • 1861 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related cases.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Westport – Union forces under General Samuel R. Curtis defeat Confederate troops led by General Sterling Price at Westport, near Kansas City.
  • 1867 – 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate. 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Metz concludes with a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1906 – Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.
  • 1911 – First use of aircraft in war: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines during the Turco-Italian War.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
  • 1915 – Woman’s suffrage: In New York City, 25,000-33,000 women march on Fifth Avenue to advocate their right to vote.
  • 1917 – Lenin calls for the October Revolution.
  • 1929 – Great Depression: After a steady decline in stock market prices since a peak in September, the New York Stock Exchange begins to show signs of panic.
  • 1929 – The first North American transcontinental air service begins between New York City and Los Angeles, California.
  • 1930 – The first miniature golf tournament was completed in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • 1935 – Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard “Lulu” Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.
  • 1941 – World War II: Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov takes command of Red Army operations designed to prevent the further advance into Russia of German forces and to prevent the German armies from capturing Moscow.
  • 1941 – Burning of the Odessa, Ukraine, Jews: 19,000 Jews are burned alive at Dalnik in Odessa, by Romanian and German troops. The next day, another 10,000 Jews are killed. Romanian Lieutenant-Colonel Nicolae Deleanu administered the executions.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Second Battle of El Alamein starts – At El Alamein in northern Egypt, the British Eighth Army under Field Marshal Montgomery begin a critical offensive to expel the Axis armies from Egypt, never to return.
  • 1942 – All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger (“Thanks for the Memory”, “Love in Bloom”, “Blue Hawaii”).
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf begins – The largest naval battle in history begins in the Philippines; and also, the Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.
  • 1946 – The United Nations General Assembly convened for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
  • 1956 – Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
  • 1958 – The Springhill Mine Bump – An underground earthquake traps 174 miners in the No. 2 colliery at Springhill, Nova Scotia, the deepest coal mine in North America at the time. By November 1, rescuers from around the world had dug out 100 of the victims, marking the death toll at 74.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (United States) (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launch a new operation, seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone (the Central Highlands).
  • 1973 – The Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations about the scandal.
  • 1973 – A United Nations sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Syria.
  • 1983 – Lebanon Civil War: The U.S. Marines barracks in Beirut is hit by a truck bomb, killing 241 U.S. Marines. A French army barracks in Lebanon is also hit that same morning, killing 58 troops.
  • 1989 – The Hungarian Republic is officially declared by president Mátyás Szurös, replacing the communist Hungarian People’s Republic.
  • 1989 – Phillips Disaster in Pasadena, Texas killed 23 and injured 314.
  • 1992 – Emperor Akihito becomes the first Emperor of Japan to stand on Chinese soil.
  • 1998 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a “land for peace” agreement.
  • 2001 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army of Northern Ireland commences disarmament after peace talks.
  • 2002 – Moscow Theatre Siege begins: Chechen rebels seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage.
  • 2004 – A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.

 October 23 – Birthdays:

  • 1503 – Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (d. 1539)
  • 1516 – Charlotte de Valois, princess of France (d. 1524)
  • 1634 – Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden (d. 1715)
  • 1698 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect (d. 1782)
  • 1705 – Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal (d. 1757)
  • 1715 – Peter II of Russia (d. 1730)
  • 1762 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (d. 1843)
  • 1766 – Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French marshal (d. 1847)
  • 1771 – Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (d. 1813)
  • 1790 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman (d. 1860)
  • 1796 – Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1857)
  • 1801 – Albert Lortzing, German composer (d. 1851)
  • 1805 – John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • 1813 – Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer (d. 1848)
  • 1817 – Pierre Athanase Larousse, French lexicographer (d. 1875)
  • 1835 – Adlai E. Stevenson, Vice President of the United States (d. 1914)
  • 1844 – Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (d. 1923)
  • 1844 – Robert Bridges, English poet (d. 1930)
  • 1865 – Neltje Blanchan, American writer (d. 1918)
  • 1869 – John Heisman, American football player and coach (d. 1936)
  • 1870 – Francis Kelley, Catholic Bishop of Oklahoma (d. 1948)
  • 1875 – Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (d. 1946)
  • 1876 – Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1880 – Una O’Connor, Irish actress (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Lawren Harris, Canadian painter (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – Gummo Marx, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1894 – Rube Bressler, baseball player (d. 1966)
  • 1896 – André Lévêque, French engineer (d. 1930)
  • 1900 – Douglas Jardine, English cricketer (d. 1958)
  • 1904 – Harvey Penick, American golfer (d. 1995)
  • 1905 – Felix Bloch, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Zellig Harris, American linguist (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – James Daly, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1919 – Manolis Andronikos, Greek archeologist, professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Ted Fujita, Japanese meteorologist (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Coleen Gray, American actress
  • 1923 – Aslam Farrukhi, Pakistani scholar and poet
  • 1923 – Ned Rorem, American composer
  • 1923 – Frank Sutton, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1925 – Johnny Carson, American television host (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Manos Hadjidakis, Greek composer (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Fred Shero, Canadian hockey player and coach (d. 1990)
  • 1928 – Harold P. Warren, American movie director (d. 1985)
  • 1928 – Bella Darvi, Polish-born French actress (d. 1971)
  • 1927 – Leszek Kolakowski, Polish philosopher
  • 1931 – Jim Bunning, American baseball player and politician
  • 1931 – Diana Dors, British actress (d. 1984)
  • 1931 – William P. Clark, United States Secretary of the Interior under Ronald Reagan
  • 1935 – Juan “Chi-Chi” Rodríguez, Puerto Rican golfer
  • 1936 – Philip Kaufman, American film director
  • 1940 – Ellie Greenwich, American singer
  • 1940 – Pelé, Brazilian footballer
  • 1941 – Igor Smirnov, Moldovan politician
  • 1942 – Michael Crichton, American writer
  • 1942 – Anita Roddick, founder of The Body Shop (d. 2007)
  • 1944 – Mike Harding, English singer and comedian
  • 1945 – Kim Larsen, Danish singer
  • 1946 – Mel Martinez, American politician
  • 1948 – Hermann Hauser, Austrian-born entrepreneur
  • 1948 – Brian Ross, American journalist
  • 1949 – Michael ‘Wurzel’ Burston, British musician (Motörhead)
  • 1949 – Nick Tosches, American writer
  • 1951 – Charly García, Argentine singer
  • 1951 – Fatmir Sejdiu, President of Kosovo
  • 1952 – Pierre Moerlen, French drummer and percussionist (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – Ang Lee, Taiwanese-born director
  • 1956 – Dwight Yoakam, American singer
  • 1959 – Nancy Grace, American former prosecutor
  • 1959 – Sam Raimi, American film director
  • 1959 – “Weird Al” Yankovic, American musical parodist
  • 1960 – Wayne Rainey, American motorcyclist
  • 1961 – Laurie Halse Anderson, American writer
  • 1961 – Don and Ron Harris, American professional wrestlers
  • 1961 – Andoni Zubizarreta, Spanish footballer
  • 1962 – Doug Flutie, American football player
  • 1964 – Robert Trujillo, American bassist (Metallica)
  • 1965 – Augusten Burroughs, American writer
  • 1965 – Al Leiter, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Alex Zanardi, Italian race car driver
  • 1967 – Dale Crover, American musician (Melvins, The Men of Porn, Altamont)
  • 1969 – Trudi Canavan, Australian writer
  • 1971 – Christopher Horner, American cyclist
  • 1974 – Sander Westerveld, Dutch footballer
  • 1974 – Jasmin St. Claire, Former pornographic actress
  • 1975 – Odalys García, Cuban actress
  • 1975 – Jessicka, American artist
  • 1975 – Keith Van Horn, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Cat Deeley, English model and television personality
  • 1976 – Ryan Reynolds, Canadian actor and comedian
  • 1978 – Steve Harmison, English cricketer
  • 1978 – Jimmy Bullard, English footballer
  • 1978 – Archie Thompson, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Simon Davies, Welsh footballer
  • 1979 – Jorge Solís, Mexican professional boxer
  • 1980 – Pedro Liriano, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Jeroen Bleekemolen, Dutch racing driver
  • 1982 – Valentin Badea, Romanian footballer
  • 1983 – Filipos Darlas, Greek footballer
  • 1983 – Josh Strickland, American entertainer
  • 1984 – Izabel Goulart, Brazilian model
  • 1985 – James Kotecki, American political blogger
  • 1986 – Jake Robinson, English footballer
  • 1987 – Faye Hamlin, Swedish singer (Play)
  • 1988 – Nicolaj Agger, Danish football player
  • 1990 – Stevie Brock, American singer
  • 1991 – Princess Mako of Akishino of Japan

October 23 – Deaths:

  • 42 BC – Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman senator (b. 85 BCE)
  • 930 – Daigo, Emperor of Japan (b. 885)
  • 1456 – Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian saint (b. 1386)
  • 1550 – Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (b. 1480)
  • 1581 – Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1529)
  • 1616 – Leonhard Hutter, German theologian (b. 1563)
  • 1688 – Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist (b. 1610)
  • 1730 – Anne Oldfield, English actress (b. 1683)
  • 1764 – Emmanuel-Auguste de Cahideuc, Comte Dubois de la Motte, French naval officer (b. 1683)
  • 1774 – Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1869 – Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1799)
  • 1872 – Théophile Gautier, French writer (b. 1811)
  • 1885 – Charles S. West, Texas jurist and politician (b. 1829)
  • 1910 – Chulalongkorn, King of Thailand (b. 1853)
  • 1915 – W. G. Grace, English cricketer (b. 1848)
  • 1921 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish inventor (b. 1840)
  • 1939 – Zane Grey, American author (b. 1872)
  • 1942 – Ralph Rainger, American composer (b. 1901)
  • 1944 – Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Al Jolson, American singer and actor (b. 1886)
  • 1959 – Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (b. 1871)
  • 1978 – Maybelle Carter, American guitarist and musical innovator (b. 1909)
  • 1983 – Jessica Savitch, American journalist (b. 1947)
  • 1984 – James Petrillo, leader of the U.S. musicians union (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (b. 1922)
  • 1986 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in
  • Physiology or Medicine (b. 1893)
  • 1989 – Armida, Mexican-American stage, vaudeville and film actress (b. 1911)
  • 1990 – Louis Althusser, French philosopher (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Bob Grim, baseball player (b. 1930)
  • 1997 – Bert Haanstra, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1916)
  • 1998 – Barnett Slepian, American physician (b. 1946)
  • 2000 – Rodney Anoa’i aka Yokozuna, Samoan-American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2001 – Ronald William Kirby, British artist (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Adolph Green, American lyricist and playwright (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Tony Capstick, English actor, comedian, and musician (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Soong May-ling, wife of the President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek (b. 1897)
  • 2004 – Robert Merrill, American baritone (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian first lady (b. 1945)
  • 2005 – William Hootkins, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – John Muth, American economist (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Lebo Mathosa, South African entertainer (b. 1977)
  • 2007 – John Ilhan, Australian entrepreneur, Crazy John’s mobile phones (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Lim Goh Tong, Founder of Genting Group (b. 1918)

 October 23 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – Saint Giovanni da Capistrano; Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius; Saint Anthony Mary Claret; Saint Ignatius of Constantinople
  • Hungary – National Day (revolution of 1956 and the proclamation of the Republic of Hungary in 1989)
  • Astrology: First day of sun sign Scorpio in Western tropical astrology.
  • Chemistry: Mole Day
  • French Republican Calendar – Céleri (Celery) Day, second day in the Month of Brumaire Republic of Macedonia – Day of the revolution
  • Chulalongkorn Memorial Day in Thailand

 

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On This Day in History October 22

October 22 – Events:

  • 202 BC – Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus in the Battle of Zama.
  • 362 – The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside of Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire.
  • 794 – Emperor Kanmu relocates Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
  • 1383 – The 1383-1385 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war and disorder began when King Fernando died without a male heir to the Portuguese throne.
  • 1575 – Foundation of Aguascalientes.
  • 1746 – The College of New Jersey (later renamed Princeton University) receives its charter.
  • 1784 – Russia founds a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska.
  • 1797 – One thousand meters (3,200 feet) above Paris, André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump.
  • 1836 – Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
  • 1844 – The Great Anticipation: Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipated the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment.
  • 1866 – Paraguay: Battle of Curupaytí against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
  • 1867 – Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
  • 1875 – First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
  • 1877 – The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
  • 1878 – The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
  • 1883 – The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens with a performance of Gounod’s Faust (opera).
  • 1895 – In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse.
  • 1907 – Panic of 1907: A run on Knickerbocker Trust Company stock sets events in motion that will lead to a depression.
  • 1910 – Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
  • 1924 – Toastmasters International is founded.
  • 1926 – J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal.
  • 1928 – Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus.
  • 1934 – In East Liverpool, Ohio, notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd is shot and killed by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents.
  • 1935 – Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union.
  • 1941 – French hero of the resistance Guy Môquet is executed by the Germans, along with 29 other hostages as a retaliation for a killed German officer.
  • 1943 – World War II: Kassel: RAF conducts an air raid on the city of 236,000 people, killing 10,000, rendering 150,000 homeless. Second firestorm raid in Germany
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Aachen: The city of Aachen falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall to the Allies.
  • 1946 – Forty four British sailors die when two British warships hit mines off the coast of Albania.
  • 1953 – Laos gains independence from France.
  • 1956 – A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.
  • 1957 – Vietnam War: First United States casualties in Vietnam.
  • 1960 – Independence of Mali from France.
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy, after internal counsel from Dwight D. Eisenhower, announces that American spy planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he has ordered a naval “quarantine” of the island nation.
  • 1963 – BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes on October 22 in UK with the loss of all on board.
  • 1964 – Jean-Paul Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, but turns down the honour.
  • 1964 – Canada: A Multi-Party Parliamentary Committee selects the design which becomes the new official Flag of Canada.
  • 1966 – The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a No. 1 selling album (The Supremes A’ Go-Go).
  • 1968 – Apollo program: Apollo 7 safely splashes down in the Atlantic Ocean after orbiting the Earth 163 times.
  • 1970 – Tunku Abdul Rahman resign from Prime Minister of Malaysia.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: In Saigon, Henry Kissinger and South Vietnamese President
  • Nguyen Van Thieu meet to discuss a proposed cease-fire that had been worked out between Americans and North Vietnamese in Paris. Thieu rejects the proposal and accused the United States of conspiring to undermine his regime
  • 1976 – Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. The dye is still used in Canada.
  • 1981 – The United States Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization for its strike the previous August.
  • 1981 – The founding congress of the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organisation faction led by Hareram Sharma and D.P. Singh begins.
  • 1981 – The TGV railway service Paris-Lyon is inaugurated.
  • 1983 – Two correctional officers are killed by inmates in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspired the Supermax model of prisons.
  • 1986 – WNBC traffic reporter Jane Dornacker is killed when the helicopter she is riding in stalls and crashes into the Hudson River.
  • 1987 – John Adams’s opera Nixon in China debuts at the Houston Grand Opera in Houston, Texas.
  • 1987 – The pinnacle rock “Gendarme” falls at Seneca Rocks.
  • 1991 – Dimitrios Arhondonis, metropolitan of Chalcedon elected 270th Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch as Patriarch Bartholomew I of the Orthodox church.
  • 1999 – Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity.
  • 2002 – One of the two Denial-of-service attacks against the DNS Backbone servers.
  • 2005 – Tropical Storm Alpha forms in the Atlantic Basin, making the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms.
  • 2005 – Crash of Bellview Airlines Flight 210 in Nigeria kills all 117 on board.
  • 2005 – The first phase of Transantiago, the new public transport system of Santiago de Chile is implemented.
  • 2006 – A Panama Canal expansion proposal is approved by 77.8% of voters in a National referendum held in Panama.

 October 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1071 – William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and poet (d. 1126)
  • 1197 – Emperor Juntoku of Japan (d. 1242)
  • 1511 – Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1553)
  • 1558 – Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit (d. 1651)
  • 1592 – Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (d. 1657)
  • 1688 – Nadir Shah of Persia (d. 1747)
  • 1689 – King John V of Portugal (d. 1750)
  • 1692 – Elizabeth Farnese, second queen of King Philip V of Spain (d. 1766)
  • 1701 – Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1756)
  • 1729 – Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (d. 1798)
  • 1734 – Daniel Boone, American pioneer and hunter (d. 1820)
  • 1770 – Thomas Seebeck, Baltic German physicist (d. 1831)
  • 1809 – Volney E. Howard, American politician (d. 1889)
  • 1811 – Franz Liszt, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 1886)
  • 1818 – Charles-Marie-René Leconte de Lisle, French poet (d. 1894)
  • 1821 – Collis Potter Huntington, American railroad executive (d. 1900)
  • 1844 – Louis Riel, Canadian Metis Political Leader (d. 1885)
  • 1858 – German Empress Augusta Victoria, wife of German Emperor Wilhelm II (d. 1921)
  • 1865 – Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1870 – Alfred Douglas, English partner of Oscar Wilde (d. 1945)
  • 1870 – Ivan Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
  • 1873 – Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat (d. 1950)
  • 1881 – Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1886 – Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (d. 1970)
  • 1887 – John Reed, American journalist (d. 1920)
  • 1891 – Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor (d.1988)
  • 1894 – Méi Lánfang, Chinese opera performer (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – Charles Glen King, American biochemist (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Curly Howard, American actor and comedian, member of the Three Stooges (d.
  • 1952)
  • 1904 – Constance Bennett, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1905 – Joseph Kosma, Hungarian-born composer (d. 1969)
  • 1907 – Jimmie Foxx, American baseball player (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – John Gould, American humorist, essayist, and columnist (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Frances Drake, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – B?o Ð?i, Emperor of Vietnam (d. 1997)
  • 1913 – Tamara Desni, German-born British actress (d. 2008)
  • 1913 – Robert Capa, American war photographer (born in Hungary) (d. 1954)
  • 1913 – Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Joan Fontaine, American actress
  • 1918 – Lou Klein, American baseball player (d. 1976)
  • 1919 – Doris Lessing, British writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1919 – Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Timothy Leary, American writer (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Georges Brassens, French singer (d. 1981)
  • 1921 – Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Juan Carlos Lorenzo, Argentine footballer (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Bert Trautmann, German former footballer
  • 1925 – Robert Rauschenberg, American painter and graphic artist
  • 1927 – Allan Hendrickse, South African politician (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Nelson Pereira dos Santos, Brazilian movie director
  • 1929 – Lev Yashin, Soviet footballer (d. 1990)
  • 1929 – Dory Previn, American songwriter
  • 1933 – Helmut Senekowitsch, Austrian footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Ann Rule, American true-crime writer
  • 1936 – Bobby Seale, American civil rights activist
  • 1937 – Manos Loïzos, Greek composer (d. 1982)
  • 1938 – Derek Jacobi, English actor
  • 1938 – Christopher Lloyd, American actor
  • 1939 – George Cohen, English footballer
  • 1939 – Tony Roberts, American actor
  • 1942 – Annette Funicello, American actress
  • 1942 – Bobby Fuller, American rock guitarist (d. 1966)
  • 1943 – Jan de Bont, Dutch film director
  • 1943 – Catherine Deneuve, French actress
  • 1943 – Allen Coage, American professional wrestler
  • 1945 – Leslie West, American musician
  • 1945 – Sheila Sherwood, British long jumper
  • 1945 – Yvan Ponton, Canadian actor and television host
  • 1946 – Kelvin MacKenzie, British media tycoon
  • 1946 – Claude Charron, French-Canadian politician and TV personality
  • 1946 – Eddie Brigati, American singer (The Rascals)
  • 1947 – Raymond Bachand, French-Canadian politician and businessman
  • 1948 – Lynette Fromme, American attempted assassin of Gerald Ford
  • 1949 – Stiv Bators, American musician (The Dead Boys) (d. 1990)
  • 1949 – Vasilios Magginas, Greek politician
  • 1949 – Arsène Wenger, French football manager
  • 1952 – Jeff Goldblum, American actor
  • 1956 – Frank DiPino, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (d. 2005)
  • 1959 – Marc Shaiman, American composer
  • 1960 – Darryl Jenifer, American bassist (Bad Brains)
  • 1960 – Cris Kirkwood, American musician (Meat Puppets)
  • 1961 – Robert Torti, American actor
  • 1962 – Bob Odenkirk, American actor and comedian (Mr. Show)
  • 1963 – Brian Boitano, American figure skater
  • 1964 – Dražen Petrovic, Croatian basketball player (d. 1993)
  • 1964 – Toby Mac, American singer and songwriter
  • 1965 – John Wesley Harding, American musician
  • 1965 – Otis Smith, American football player
  • 1966 – Valeria Golino, Italian actress
  • 1967 – Rita Guerra, Portuguese singer
  • 1967 – Ron Tugnutt, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Ulrike Maier, Austrian alpine skier (d. 1994)
  • 1968 – Shaggy, Jamaican musician
  • 1968 – Stéphane Quintal, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Jay Johnston, American actor and comedian (Mr. Show)
  • 1969 – Héctor Carrasco, Dominican baseball player
  • 1969 – Spike Jonze, American director and film producer
  • 1969 – Helmut Lotti, Belgian singer
  • 1972 – D’Lo Brown, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Andrés Palop, Spanish footballer
  • 1973 – Ichiro Suzuki, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974 – Tim Kinsella, American musician
  • 1974 – Jeff McInnis, American NBA basketball player
  • 1974 – Miroslav Šatan, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Martín Cardetti, Argentine footballer
  • 1975 – Míchel Salgado, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Jon Foreman, American musician (Switchfoot)
  • 1976 – Helen Svedin, Swedish model
  • 1978 – Owais Shah, English cricketer
  • 1978 – Dion Glover, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Chaswe Nsofwa, Zambian footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1980 – Garrett Tierney, American musician (Brand New)
  • 1981 – Olivier Pla, French racing driver
  • 1982 – Robinson Canó, Dominican baseball player
  • 1983 – Glenn Loovens, Dutch footballer
  • 1985 – Zachary Hanson, American musician (Hanson)
  • 1986 – Kara Lang, Canadian soccer player
  • 1987 – Jake Richardson, English footballer
  • 1990 – Jonathan Lipnicki, American actor
  • 1992 – Sofia Vassilieva, American actress

October 22 – Deaths:

  • 741 – Charles Martel, leader of the Franks (b. 686)
  • 1383 – King Fernando I of Portugal (b. 1345)
  • 1565 – Jean, Vicomte d’Aguisy Grolier de Servieres, French bibliophile (b. 1479)
  • 1613 – Pomponio Nenna, Italian composer
  • 1625 – Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (b. 1561)
  • 1674 – Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter (b. 1621)
  • 1708 – Hermann Witsius, Dutch theologian (b. 1636)
  • 1751 – William IV, Prince of Orange (b. 1711)
  • 1755 – Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (b. 1694)
  • 1792 – Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer (b. 1725)
  • 1847 – Sahle Selassie, Negus of Shewa
  • 1859 – Louis Spohr, German violinist and composer (b. 1784)
  • 1891 – Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Austrian physiologist (b. 1846)
  • 1906 – Paul Cezanne, French painter (b. 1839)
  • 1917 – Bob Fitzsimmons, English boxer (b. 1863)
  • 1918 – Myrtle Gonzalez, American film and stage actress (b. 1891)
  • 1927 – Borisav “Bora” Stankovic, Serbian writer (b. 1876)
  • 1928 – Andrew Fisher, fifth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1934 – Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (b. 1904)
  • 1935 – Komitas, Armenian composer (b. 1869)
  • 1941 – Guy Môquet, French hero of the resistance(executed)(b. 1924)
  • 1952 – Ernst Rüdin, Swiss nazi physician (b. 1874)
  • 1954 – Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet (b. 1899)
  • 1969 – Tommy Edwards, American signer (b. 1922)
  • 1973 – Pablo Casals, Catalan cellist and conductor (b. 1876)
  • 1978 – John Riley, English poet (murdered) (b. 1937)
  • 1979 – Nadia Boulanger, French composer and composition teacher (b. 1887)
  • 1985 – Viorica Ursuleac, Romanian soprano (b. 1894)
  • 1986 – Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
  • 1986 – Jane Dornacker, musician, actress, and traffic reporter for WNBC Radio.
  • 1986 – Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician
  • 1987 – Lino Ventura, Italian-born actor (b. 1919)
  • 1989 – Ewan MacColl, English folk singer, songwriter, socialist, actor, poet, playwright,
  • and record producer (b. 1915)
  • 1992 – Cleavon Little, American actor (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Sir Kingsley Amis, English writer (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Eric Ambler, English novelist (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – Prof. Dr. Dkfm. Helmut Krackowizer, journalist and motorcycle racer (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Queen Geraldina of the Albanians (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Arman, French-born artist (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Tony Adams, Irish film producer (b. 1953)
  • 2005 – Franky Gee, American singer (Captain Jack) (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Arthur Hill, Canadian actor (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Ève Curie French writer (b. 1904)

October 22 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – Saint Mary Salome; Philip, Severus, Eusebius, and Hermes of Heraclea; Donatus of Fiesole
  • French Republican Calendar – Pomme (Apple) Day, first day in the Month of Brumaire
  • Aaron the Illustrious, a saint of the Syriac Orthodox Church
  • Abercius of Hieropolis

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