On This Day in History October 31

October 31 – Events:

  • 445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites inJerusalem(see Nehemiah 9:1).
  • 475 – Romulus Augustulus was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 1517 – Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of theCastleChurchinWittenberg.
  • 1587 – Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • 1822 – Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempted to dissolve the Mexican Empire.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army.
  • 1863 – The Maori Wars resumed as British forces inNew Zealandled by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of theWaikato.
  • 1864 -Nevadais admitted as the 36thU.S.state.
  • 1876 – A monster cyclone ravagesIndia, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths.
  • 1892 – Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
  • 1912 – The Musketeers of Pig Alley, directed by D.W. Griffith, debuts as the first gangster film.
  • 1912 -Dominican Republicbecomes a signatory to theBuenos Airescopyright treaty.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Beersheba – “last successful cavalry charge in history”
  • 1918 -BanatRepublicfounded
  • 1923 – 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees atMarble Bar,Australiabegins.
  • 1924 – World Savings Day was announced in Milano/Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
  • 1926 – Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
  • 1936 – The Boy Scouts of thePhilippineswas formed.
  • 1938 – Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain ends – The United Kingdom preventsGermanyfrom invadingGreat Britain.
  • 1941 – After 14 years of work, drilling is completed onMount Rushmore.
  • 1941 – World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat nearIceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
  • 1943 – World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar guided interception.
  • 1954 – Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombingEgyptto force the reopening of theSuez Canal.
  • 1959 – Lee Harvey Oswald attempted to renounce his American citizenship at the US Embassy inMoscow,USSR.
  • 1961 – In theSoviet Union, Joseph Stalin’s body is removed from Lenin’s Tomb.
  • 1963 – Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) explosion inIndianapoliskills 74 people during an ice skating show. The mammoth explosion injured 400. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand was blamed.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with theParispeace talks,USPresident Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of “all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam” effective November 1.
  • 1984 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards (riots soon broke out inNew Delhiand nearly 2,000 innocent Sikhs were killed).
  • 1986 – The 5th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden is inaugurated. During the course of the congress the party name is changed to the Solidarity Party and the party ceases to be a communist party.
  • 1991 – A three day long snow and ice storm, dubbed the Halloween Blizzard, begins over portions of the Upper Midwest of theUnited States.
  • 1994 – An American Eagle ATR-72 crashes inRoselawn,Indiana, after circling in icy weather, killing 68 passengers and crew.
  • 1996 – The Fokker F100 on TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes into several houses in São Paulo, Brazil killing 98 including 2 on the ground.
  • 1997 – 19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by aCambridge,Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1998 -Iraqdisarmament crisis begins:Iraqannounces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
  • 1999 – EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling fromNew York CitytoCairocrashes off the coast of Nantucket,Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  • 1999 – Roman Catholic Church andLutheranChurchleaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
  • 1999 – Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns toMelbourneafter 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.
  • 2000 – A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff inTaipei,Taiwankilling 79 passengers and four crew members
  • 2000 – A chartered Antonov An-26 explodes after takeoff inNorthern Angolakilling 50 2000 – The last Multics machine was shut down.
  • 2002 – A federal grand jury inHouston,Texasformally indicted former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
  • 2003 – A bankruptcy court approves MCI’s reorganization plans, essentially clearing the  telecommunications company to exit bankruptcy.
  • 2003 – Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir’s 22 years in power.
  • 2004 – Passenger airline service ends atMirabelInternationalAirportinMontreal,Canada.
  • 2005 -U.S.President George W. Bush nominates Appeals court judge Samuel Alito to join the Supreme Court of the United States.

October 31 – Birthdays:

  • 1291 – Philippe de Vitry, French composer (d. 1361)
  • 1345 – King Fernando I ofPortugal(d. 1383)
  • 1391 – King Duarte ofPortugal(d. 1438)
  • 1424 – King Wladislaus III ofPoland(d. 1444)
  • 1538 – Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (d. 1607)
  • 1599 – Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (d. 1680)
  • 1620 – John Evelyn, English diarist (d. 1706)
  • 1622 – Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (d. 1694)
  • 1632 – (baptism) Johannes Vermeer, Flemish painter (d. 1675)
  • 1636 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector ofBavaria(d. 1679)
  • 1692 – Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1705 – Pope Clement XIV (d. 1774)
  • 1711 – Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (d. 1778)
  • 1724 – Christopher Anstey, English writer (d. 1805)
  • 1737 – James Lovell, American educator (d. 1789)
  • 1795 – John Keats, British poet (d. 1821)
  • 1815 – Karl Weierstraß, German mathematician (d. 1897)
  • 1825 – Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
  • 1827 – Richard Morris Hunt, American educator (d. 1895)
  • 1831 – Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist (d. 1910)
  • 1835 – Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1835 – Krišjanis Barons, Latvian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1838 – King Louis ofPortugal(d. 1889)
  • 1848 – Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1851 – Lovisa ofSweden, queen ofDenmark(d. 1926)
  • 1860 – Juliette Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts (d. 1927)
  • 1875 – Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Sara Allgood, Irish actress (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Marie Laurencin, French painter (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist Chinese leader, former Republic of China president (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (d. 1944)
  • 1892 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Basil Liddell Hart, British military historian (d. 1970)
  • 1896 – Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1902 – Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1912 – Dale Evans, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Ollie Johnston, American animator
  • 1914 – Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden
  • 1917 – Thomas Hill, Canadian actor
  • 1918 – Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Magnus Wenninger, American priest, author of Polyhedron models
  • 1920 – Dick Francis, Welsh novelist
  • 1920 – Joseph Gelineau French composer
  • 1920 – Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan rebel leader (d. 1957)
  • 1920 – Helmut Newton, German photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Anatoli Papanov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1922 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – King Norodom Sihanouk ofCambodia
  • 1925 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Jimmy Savile, English entertainer
  • 1927 – Lee Grant, American actress
  • 1928 – Cleo Moore, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Eddie Charlton, Australian snooker player (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Bud Spencer, Italian actor
  • 1930 – Michael Collins, American astronaut
  • 1931 – Dan Rather, American television journalist
  • 1933 – Phil Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936 – Michael Landon, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1937 – Tom Paxton, American singer-songwriter
  • 1939 – Ron Rifkin, American actor
  • 1939 – Tom O’Connor, British comedian
  • 1939 – Alui Farka Touré, Malian musician
  • 1941 – Derek Bell, British racing driver
  • 1941 – Dan Alderson, American scientist
  • 1942 – Dave McNally, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1942 – David Ogden Stiers, American actor
  • 1943 – Paul Frampton, English physicist
  • 1943 – Brian Piccolo, American football player (d. 1970)
  • 1944 – Kinky Friedman, American musician and novelist
  • 1944 – Sally Kirkland, American actress
  • 1945 – Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor
  • 1945 – Russ Ballard, English rock singer/songwriter, guitarist (Argent)
  • 1946 – Stephen Rea, Irish actor
  • 1946 – Norman Lovett, British actor
  • 1947 – Deidre Hall, American actress
  • 1947 – Frank Shorter, American runner
  • 1949 – Bob Siebenberg, American drummer (Supertramp)
  • 1950 – John Candy, Canadian comedian and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1950 – Jozef Stolorz, polish art painter
  • 1950 – Jane Pauley, American news anchor
  • 1950 – Zaha Hadid, British architect
  • 1950 -Antonio Taguba,USArmy Major General
  • 1951 – Nick Saban, American college football coach
  • 1952 – Bernard Edwards, American bass guitarist (Chic) (d. 1996)
  • 1953 – Michael J. Anderson, American actor
  • 1953 – John Lucas II, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Ken Wahl, American actor
  • 1957 – Robert Pollard, American rocker
  • 1957 – Brian Stokes Mitchell, American singer and actor
  • 1958 – Jeannie Longo, French cyclist
  • 1959 – Neal Stephenson, American author
  • 1959 – Mats Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican delegate to Congress
  • 1960 – Arnaud Desplechin, French film director
  • 1960 – Mike Gallego, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Reza Pahlavi, former crown prince ofIran
  • 1961 -Peter Jackson,New Zealandfilm director
  • 1961 – Larry Mullen, Irish drummer (U2)
  • 1961 – Alonzo Babers, American runner
  • 1961 – Kate Campbell, American musician
  • 1963 – Mikkey Dee, Swedish musician, drummer for Motörhead
  • 1963 – Dunga, Brazilian footballer
  • 1963 – Johnny Marr, English guitarist and songwriter (The Smiths)
  • 1963 – Fred McGriff, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Dermot Mulroney, American actor
  • 1963 – Rob Schneider, American actor
  • 1964 – Colm O’Ciosoig, Irish drummer (My Bloody Valentine, Hope Sandoval & the Warm Inventions)
  • 1964 – Marco van Basten, Dutch footballer
  • 1964 – Marty Wright, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Darryl Worley, American country singer
  • 1965 – Annabella Lwin, British singer (Bow Wow Wow)
  • 1965 – Rob Rackstraw, voice actor
  • 1966 – Adam Horovitz (Adrock), American rapper (Beastie Boys)
  • 1966 – Koji Kanemoto, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Joseph Boyden, Canadian novelist
  • 1967 – Vanilla Ice, American rapper
  • 1968 – Antonio Davis, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Mike O’Malley, American actor
  • 1969 – David Coburn, American actor/voice actor
  • 1970 – Nicky Wu, Taiwanese actor and martial arts expert
  • 1970 – Linn Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
  • 1970 – Rogers Stevens, American guitarist (Blind Melon)
  • 1970 – Mitch Harris, American guitarist (Napalm Death, among others)
  • 1970 – Johnny Moeller, American blues guitarist
  • 1970 – Steve Trachsel, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – Ian Walker, English footballer
  • 1971 – Toby Anstis, British radio presenter
  • 1972 – Shaun Bartlett, South African footballer
  • 1972 – Matt Dawson, English rugby union footballer
  • 1973 – Tim Byrdak, American baseball player
  • 1973 – David Dellucci, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Grigorios Georgatos, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Beverly Lynne, American erotic film actress
  • 1974 – Muzzy Izzet, Turkish footballer
  • 1974 – Natasja Saad, Danish hip hop and reggae artist (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Fabio Celestini, Swiss footballer
  • 1976 – Guti, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Piper Perabo, American actress
  • 1977 – Sylviane Félix, French athlete
  • 1977 – Séverine Ferrer, French singer
  • 1978 – Emmanuel Izonritei, Nigerian boxer
  • 1978 – Zachary Knighton, American actor
  • 1978 – Martin Verkerk, Dutch tennis player
  • 1979 – Saaphyri Windsor, American reality tv figure
  • 1979 – Simão Sabrosa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1980 – Eddie Kaye Thomas, American actor,
  • 1980 – Samaire Armstrong, American actress
  • 1980 – Alondra de la Parra, Mexican founder and artistic director of the New York-based Philharmonic Orchestra of theAmericas
  • 1981 – Irina Denezhkina, Russian writer
  • 1981 – Frank Iero, American musician (My Chemical Romance, Leathermouth, Pencey Prep; founder of Skeleton Crew)
  • 1981 – Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1981 – Jon Crocker, American songwriter
  • 1982 – Tomáš Plekanec, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1982 – The Cheeky Girls, British-Romanian singers
  • 1982 – Justin Chatwin, Canadian actor
  • 1983 – Katy French, Irish model (d. 2007)
  • 1986 – Christie Hayes, Australian actress
  • 1986 – Chris Alajajian, Australian racing driver
  • 1988 – Sébastien Buemi, Swiss racing driver
  • 1990 – James Charles Lewis aka Lil’ JJ, American actor/singer
  • 1991 – Jordan-Claire Green, American actress
  • 2005 – Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Felipe, Prince of Asturias and Letizia, Princess of Asturias

October 31 – Deaths:

  • 1147 – Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (bc. 1090)
  • 1214 – Leonora ofEngland, queen of Alfonso VIII ofCastile(b. 1162)
  • 1448 – John VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1390)
  • 1517 – Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)
  • 1641 – Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral and privateer (b. 1597)
  • 1659 – John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)
  • 1723 – Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke ofTuscany(b. 1642)
  • 1732 – Victor Amadeus II ofSavoy(b. 1666)
  • 1733 – Eberhard IV Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1676)
  • 1744 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
  • 1765 – Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (b. 1721)
  • 1768 – Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (b. 1690)
  • 1860 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (b. 1775)
  • 1879 – Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
  • 1879 – Joseph Hooker, American General (b. 1814)
  • 1883 – Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj
  • 1884 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (b. 1858)
  • 1913 – William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)
  • 1916 – Charles Taze Russell, American founder of the Jehovah’s Witnesses (b. 1852)
  • 1918 – Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (b. 1890)
  • 1920 – Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (b. 1854)
  • 1925 – Max Linder, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1926 – Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born magician (b. 1874)
  • 1929 – António José de Almeida, Portuguese politician and 6 President ofPortugal(b. 1866)
  • 1939 – Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (b. 1884)
  • 1943 – Max Reinhardt, German film director (b. 1873)
  • 1952 – U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)
  • 1959 – Jean Cabannes, French physicist (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1916)
  • 1975 – SD Burman, Indian musician (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – George Halas, American football player, coach, and team owner (b. 1895)
  • 1984 – Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister ofIndia(b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Eduardo de Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Anton Christoforidis, Greek boxer (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Joseph Campbell, American author and expert on mythology (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – John Houseman, Romanian-born actor and director (b. 1902)
  • 1988 – Alfred Pellan, Québécois painter (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – Joseph Papp, American theatrical producer (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Gene Anderson, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1993 – Federico Fellini, Italian director (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – RiverPhoenix, American actor (b. 1970)
  • 1995 – Rosalind Cash, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Marcel Carné, French film director (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (b. 1975)
  • 2000 – Watanabe Kazuki Japanese musician (Raphael) (b. 1981)
  • 2000 – Ring Lardner, Jr., American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
  • 2002 – Lionel Poilâne, French baker and entrepreneur (b. 1945)
  • 2002 – Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician, former president ofGreece(b. 1903)
  • 2002 – Raf Vallone, Italian actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Indian singer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Mary Wimbush, English actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – John “Beatz” Holohan, American drummer (Bayside) (b. 1974)
  • 2005 – Hal Anger, American biophysicist (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Pieter Willem Botha, President ofSouth Africa(b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby union footballer (b. 1951)

October 31 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – October 31 is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Arnulf
    • St. Bega
    • St. Quentin
    • St.Urban  
    • St. Wolfgang
  • Protestant Church,Slovenia- Reformation Day: Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on theWittenbergchurch on this day in 1517
  • October 31 is Halloween
  • Cornwall– Allantide
  • Paganism and Celts – Samhain
  • NevadaDay

 

 

 

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