Monthly Archives: March 2012

On This Day in History March 21

March 21 – Events:

  • 630 – Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem.
  • 717 – Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.
  • 1188 – Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku.
  • 1413 – Henry V becomes King of England.
  • 1556 – In Oxford, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake.
  • 1788 – A fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans and leaves most of the town in ruins.
  • 1800 – With the church leadership driven out of Rome during an armed conflict, Pius VII is crowned Pope in Venice with a temporary papal tiara made of papier-mâché.
  • 1801 – The Battle of Alexandria is fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.
  • 1804 – Code Napoléon is adopted as French civil law.
  • 1821 – First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1844 – The Bahá’í calendar begins. This is the first day of the first year of the Bahá’í calendar. It is annually celebrated by members of the Bahá’í Faith as the Bahá’í New Year or Náw-Rúz.
  • 1844 – The original date predicted by William Miller for the return of Christ.
  • 1849 – The Norwegian city of Hamar is reestablished by royal decree.
  • 1857 – An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000.
  • 1859 – Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 1871 – Otto von Bismarck is appointed Chancellor of the German Empire.
  • 1871 – Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his trek to find the missionary and explorer David Livingstone.
  • 1913 – Over 360 are killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood in Dayton, Ohio.
  • 1918 – World War I: Second Battle of the Somme begins.
  • 1919 – The Chinese High School is established in Singapore by Tan Kah Kee.
  • 1928 – Charles Lindbergh is presented the Medal of Honor for his first trans-Atlantic flight.
  • 1933 – Construction of Dachau, the first Nazi Germany concentration camp, is completed.
  • 1935 – Shah Reza Pahlavi formally asks the international community to call Persia by its native name, Iran, which means ‘Land of the Aryans.’
  • 1940 – Paul Reynaud becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1943 – Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
  • 1945 – World War II: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.
  • 1952 – Alan Freed presents the Moondog Coronation Ball, the first rock and roll concert, in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 1960 – Apartheid: Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa: Police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180.
  • 1963 – Alcatraz, a federal penitentiary on an island in San Francisco Bay, closes.
  • 1964 – In Copenhagen, Denmark, Gigliola Cinquetti wins the ninth Eurovision Song Contest for Italy singing “Non ho l’età” (“I’m not old enough”).
  • 1965 – Ranger program: NASA launches Ranger 9 which is the last in a series of unmanned lunar space probes.
  • 1965 – Martin Luther King, Jr. leads 3,200 people on the start of the third and finally successful civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
  • 1968 – Battle of Karameh in Jordan between Israeli Defense Forces and Fatah.
  • 1970 – The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto.
  • 1970 – Vinko Bogataj crashes during a ski-jumping championship in Germany; his image becomes that of the “agony of defeat guy” in the opening credits of ABC’s Wide World of Sports.
  • 1970 – In Amsterdam, Netherlands, Dana wins the fifteenth Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland singing “All Kinds of Everything.”
  • 1980 – US President Jimmy Carter announces a United States boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.
  • 1980 – On the season finale of the soap opera Dallas, the infamous character J.R. Ewing is shot by an unseen assailant, leading to the catchphrase “Who Shot JR?”
  • 1985 – Canadian paraplegic athlete and humanitarian Rick Hansen begins his circumnavigation of the globe in a wheelchair in the name of spinal cord injury medical research.
  • 1989 – Sports Illustrated reports allegations tying baseball player Pete Rose to baseball gambling.
  • 1990 – Namibia becomes independent after 75 years of South African rule.
  • 1999 – Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.
  • 2002 – In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
  • 2004 – In Malaysia, the 11th Federal and State elections are held, returning the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional to power with an increased majority.
  • 2005 – Red Lake High School massacre: Jeff Weise shoots and kills seven people at Red Lake High School in Red Lake, Minnesota before committing suicide. Weise had killed his grandfather and his grandfather’s girlfriend prior to the massacre.

March 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1521 – Maurice, Elector of Saxony (d. 1553)
  • 1527 – Hermann Finck, German composer (d. 1558)
  • 1685 – Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (d. 1750)
  • 1713 – Francis Lewis, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1803)
  • 1763 – Jean Paul, German writer (d. 1825)
  • 1768 – Joseph Fourier, French mathematician (d. 1830)
  • 1801 – Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • 1806 – Benito Juárez, Mexican statesman and national hero (d. 1872)
  • 1811 – Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)
  • 1839 – Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Russian composer (d. 1881)
  • 1854 – Alick Bannerman, Australian cricketer (d. 1924)
  • 1863 – George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d.1934)
  • 1869 – Florenz Ziegfeld, theater producer (d. 1932)
  • 1876 – John Tewksbury, American athlete (d. 1968)
  • 1880 – Gilbert M. ‘Broncho Billy’ Anderson, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1885 – Pierre Renoir, French stage and film actor and director (d. 1952)
  • 1895 – Zlatko Balokovic, Croatian violinist (d. 1955)
  • 1901 – Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Son House, American musician (d. 1988)
  • 1904 – Forrest Mars, Sr., American candymaker (d. 1999)
  • 1904 – Nikolaos Skalkottas, Greek composer (d. 1949)
  • 1906 – Jim Thompson, American designer and businessman
  • 1910 – M S Khan, Bangladeshi intellectual (d. 1978)
  • 1913 – George Abecassis, English race car driver (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Heinz “Pritzl” Bär, German fighter pilot (d. 1957)
  • 1914 – Paul Tortelier, French cellist (d. 1990)
  • 1920 – Georg Ots, Estonian singer (d. 1975)
  • 1920 – Manolis Chiotis, Greek bouzouki virtuoso and song writer (d. 1970)
  • 1921 – Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Russ Meyer, American film director and producer (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Shri Mataji Nirmala Srivastava, Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga
  • 1923 – Philip Abbott, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Hugo Koblet, Swiss cyclist (d. 1964)
  • 1925 – Peter Brook, British film director and producer
  • 1927 – Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German politician
  • 1929 – Maurice Catarcio, wrestler
  • 1932 – Walter Gilbert, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Joseph Silverstein, American violinist and conductor
  • 1930 – James Coco, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1933 – Michael Heseltine, English politician
  • 1934 – Al Freeman, Jr., American actor
  • 1935 – Brian Clough, English footballer and football manager (d. 2004)
  • 1936 – Ed Broadbent, Canadian politician
  • 1936 – Mike Westbrook, British jazz composer, bandleader and pianist
  • 1940 – Solomon Burke, American singer
  • 1942 – Françoise Dorléac, French actress (d. 1967)
  • 1943 – Vivian Stanshall, English musician, artist, actor, writer, Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band (d. 1995)
  • 1943 – István Gyulai, Hungarian General Secretary of the IAAF (d. 2006)
  • 1943 – Hartmut Haenchen, German conductor
  • 1944 – Marie-Christine Barrault, French actress
  • 1945 – Rose Stone, American musician (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1946 – Timothy Dalton, British actor
  • 1949 – Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian sociologist, philosopher and cultural critic
  • 1949 – Eddie Money, American musician
  • 1950 – Roger Hodgson, English musician, former member of Supertramp
  • 1951 – Russell Thompkins Jr, American singer (The Stylistics)
  • 1956 – Guy Chadwick, English guitarist, vocalist and songwriter (The House of Love)
  • 1956 – Ingrid Kristiansen, Norwegian runner
  • 1958 – Sabrina Le Beauf, American actress
  • 1958 – Gary Oldman, English actor
  • 1959 – Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese composer
  • 1960 – Ayrton Senna, Brazilian race car driver and three-time F1 World Champion (d. 1994)
  • 1960 – Robert Sweet, American drummer
  • 1961 – Shawn Lane, American guitar virtuoso
  • 1961 – Lothar Matthäus, German footballer
  • 1962 – Matthew Broderick, American actor
  • 1962 – Rosie O’Donnell, American comedian, actress, talk show host, and publisher
  • 1962 – Mark Waid, American comic book writer
  • 1963 – Shawon Dunston, baseball player
  • 1963 – Ronald Koeman, Dutch footballer and football manager
  • 1964 – Ahmed Radhi, Iraqi international football star
  • 1964 – Jesper Skibby, Danish professional cyclist
  • 1965 – Xavier Bertrand, French politician
  • 1967 – Jonas “Joker” Berggren, Swedish musician (Ace of Base)
  • 1967 – Adrian Chiles, British television and radio presenter
  • 1967 – Maxim Reality, British MC (The Prodigy)
  • 1968 – DJ Premier (Preemo), hip hop producer
  • 1969 – Ali Daei, Iranian footballer, Highest International Goal Scorer
  • 1972 – Chris Candido, professional wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1973 – Ananda Lewis, American model and television personality
  • 1973 – Stuart Nethercott, English footballer
  • 1973 – Jerry Supiran, American actor
  • 1974 – Jose Clayton, Tunisian footballer
  • 1975 – Fabricio Oberto, Argentine basketball player
  • 1975 – Justin Pierce, British actor (d. 2000)
  • 1975 – Mark Williams, Welsh snooker player
  • 1977 – Brian Shaw, American Entertainer/Recording Artist
  • 1978 – Kevin Federline, American dancer/hip hop artist
  • 1978 – Charmaine Dragun, Australian news anchor channel 10 (d.2007)
  • 1978 – Cristian Guzmán, baseball player
  • 1978 – Rani Mukherjee, Indian actress
  • 1980 – Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1980 – Ronaldinho Gaucho, Brazilian international footballer
  • 1980 – Deryck Whibley, Canadian guitarist and singer (Sum41)
  • 1982 – Aaron Hill, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Colin Turkington, British racing driver
  • 1985 – Adrian Peterson, Professional Football Player
  • 1988 – Lee Cattermole, English footballer
  • 2004 – Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg

March 21 – Deaths:

  • 1076 – Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1011)
  • 1181 – Taira Kiyomori, Japanese Feudal general (b. 1118)
  • 1306 – Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1248)
  • 1487 – Nicholas of Flue, Swiss hermit and saint (b. 1417)
  • 1556 – Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury (burned at the stake) (b. 1489)
  • 1617 – Pocahontas, Native American, daughter of Powhatan (b. c. 1595)
  • 1656 – James Ussher, Irish Anglican archbishop (b. 1581)
  • 1676 – Henri Sauval, French historian (b. 1623)
  • 1729 – John Law, Scottish economist (b. 1671)
  • 1734 – Robert Wodrow, Scottish historian (b. 1679)
  • 1751 – Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (b. 1706)
  • 1762 – Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)
  • 1772 – Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, French cartographer (b. 1703)
  • 1795 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (b. 1714)
  • 1801 – Andrea Luchesi, Italian composer (b. 1741)
  • 1804 – Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d’Enghien (executed) (b. 1772)
  • 1843 – Robert Southey, English poet (b. 1774)
  • 1843 – Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico (b. 1786)
  • 1850 – Miguel Pedrorena, American settler
  • 1881 – Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • 1884 – Ezra Abbot, American bible scholar (b. 1819)
  • 1910 – Nadar, French photographer (b. 1820)
  • 1915 – Frederick Winslow Taylor, American inventor (b. 1856)
  • 1934 – Franz Schreker, Austrian composer (b. 1878)
  • 1936 – Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer (b. 1865)
  • 1951 – Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor (b. 1871)
  • 1958 – Cyril M. Kornbluth, American writer (b. 1923)
  • 1970 – Manolis Chiotis, Greek songwriter and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1975 – Joe Medwick, baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist (b. 1888)
  • 1984 – Shauna Grant, American actress (suicide) (b. 1963)
  • 1985 – Sir Michael Redgrave, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1987 – Dean Paul Martin, American musician (b. 1951)
  • 1987 – Robert Preston, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1991 – Leo Fender, American guitar manufacturer (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – John Ireland, Canadian film actor and director (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – Natalie Sleeth, American composer (b. 1930)
  • 1994 – Macdonald Carey, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Dack Rambo, American actor (b. 1941)
  • 1994 – Lili Damita, French actress (b. 1904)
  • 1997 – W. V. Awdry, English children’s writer (b. 1911)
  • 1998 – Galina Ulanova, Russian prima ballerina assoluta (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Ernie Wise, British comedian (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Chung Ju-young, Korean industrialist (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Norma MacMillan, Canadian voice actress (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Anthony Steel, English actor (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Herman Talmadge, American politician (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Umar Wirahadikusumah, Fourth Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Ludmilla Tchérina, French ballet dancer and actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Barney Martin, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Bobby Short, American singer (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Sven O. Høiby, the father of Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway (b. 1936)

March 21 – Holidays:

  • Astrology: First day of star sign Aries. (International Astrology Day)
  • Traditional date of vernal equinox, the real equinox varies between years.
  • Persian (Iranian) New Year’s Day (Nowruz): (also celebrated in many other countries of Asia) Iranian calendar
  • Traditional date of vernal equinox, used for reckoning Easter. The real equinox varies between years.
  • Japan: Vernal Equinox Day (public holiday)
  • China: Chunfen
  • Namibia: Independence Day
  • Australia: Harmony Day
  • Poland: Truant’s Day
  • South Africa: Human Rights Day
  • Benito Juárez Day, a Fiesta Patria in Mexico
  • The third day of Quinquatria in ancient Rome, held in honor of Minerva
  • Ostara – Neopagan festival of Ostara.
  • World Poetry Day – UNESCO
  • International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination – United Nations
  • World Down Syndrome Day
  • Mother’s Day in Jordan, Lebanon,and Syria
  • St. Nicholas of Flue

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On This Day in History March 20

March 20 – Events:

  • 1602 – The Dutch East India Company is established.
  • 1616 – Sir Walter Raleigh is freed from the Tower of London after 13 years imprisonment.
  • 1739 – Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.
  • 1760 – The “Great Fire” of Boston destroys 349 buildings.
  • 1815 – Napoleon enters Paris after escaping from Elba with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his “Hundred Days” rule.
  • 1848 – Revolutions of 1848 in the German states: King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates.
  • 1852 – Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is published.
  • 1856 – Costa Rican troops rout Walker’s soldiers.
  • 1861 – An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, a city in western Argentina.
  • 1883 – Signature of Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
  • 1899 – At Sing Sing prison, Martha M. Place is sentenced to become the first woman executed in an electric chair.
  • 1913 – Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang), is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days later.
  • 1914 – In New Haven, Connecticut, the first international figure skating championship takes place.
  • 1916 – Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
  • 1922 – The USS Langley is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
  • 1933 – Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida’s electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
  • 1934 – 1934 Great Hakodate fire, 4,170 square kilometers has lost, caused fire. Japanese  authority estimated 2,165 killed, injured 9,485, 145,500 homeless. The great urban fire has worst disaster, except air bomb, earthquake fire in Japanese history.
  • 1942 – In Zgierz, Poland, 100 Poles are taken from a labor camp and shot by the Germans.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: in Rohatyn, western Ukraine, German SS murder 3,000 Jews, including 600 children, annihilating 70% of Rohatyn’s Jewish ghetto.
  • 1942 – World War II: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: “I came out of Bataan and I shall return.”
  • 1948 – With a Musicians Union ban lifted, the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are given on CBS and NBC.
  • 1951 – Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu is founded.
  • 1952 – The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan.
  • 1956 – Tunisia gains independence from France.
  • 1964 – The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organization) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962.
  • 1969 – John Lennon & Yoko Ono marry in Gibraltar.
  • 1974 – A failed kidnap attempt is made on Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace, London.
  • 1980 – The Radio Caroline ship, Mi Amigo founders in a gale off the English coast.
  • 1985 – Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the 1,135-mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
  • 1986 – Jacques Chirac becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1987 – The Food and Drug Administration approves anti-AIDS drug AZT.
  • 1990 – Ferdinand Marcos’s widow, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement, and racketeering.
  • 1993 – A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes in Warrington, northwest England, killing two children.
  • 1995 – A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 12 and wounds 1,300 persons.
  • 1999 – Legoland California opens in Carlsbad, California.
  • 2000 – Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after a gun battle that leaves a Georgia sheriff’s deputy dead.
  • 2003 – 2003 invasion of Iraq: In the early hours of the morning, the United States and three other countries begin military operations in Iraq.
  • 2004 – Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, thus becoming the first leader in the party’s history.
  • 2005 – A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits Fukuoka, Japan, its first major quake in over 100 years.
  • 2006 – Cyclone Larry makes landfall in eastern Australia, destroying most of the country’s banana crop.
  • 2006 – Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The rebel movement sought to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Deby.

March 20 – Birthdays:

  • 43 BC – Ovid, Roman poet (d. 17)
  • 1469 – Princess Cecily of York (d. 1507)
  • 1477 – Jerome Emser, German theologian (d. 1527)
  • 1502 – Pierino Belli, Italian soldier and jurist (d. 1575)
  • 1725 – Abdul Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1789)
  • 1735 – Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (d. 1784)
  • 1737 – Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (d. 1809)
  • 1741 – Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (d. 1828)
  • 1770 – Friedrich Hölderlin, German writer (d. 1843)
  • 1799 – Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (d. 1839)
  • 1811 – Napoleon II of France, (d. 1832)
  • 1823 – Ned Buntline, American publisher (d. 1886)
  • 1828 – Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian writer (d. 1906)
  • 1831 – Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman (d. 1881)
  • 1834 – Charles W. Eliot, President of Harvard University (d. 1926)
  • 1836 – Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (d. 1886)
  • 1836 – Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (d. 1919)
  • 1840 – Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (d. 1894)
  • 1856 – Sir John Lavery, Irish artist (d. 1941)
  • 1856 – Frederick Winslow Taylor, American inventor (d. 1915)
  • 1870 – Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (d. 1964)
  • 1874 – Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • 1879 – Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • 1882 – René Coty, French President (d.1962)
  • 1890 – Beniamino Gigli, Italian tenor (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Lauritz Melchior, Danish tenor (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Fredric Wertham, German-born psychologist (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Ruby Muhammad, American matriarch of Black Islam
  • 1903 – Edgar Buchanan, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – B. F. Skinner, American psychologist (d. 1990)
  • 1906 – Abraham Beame, American politician (d. 2001)
  • 1906 – Ozzie Nelson, American bandleader and actor (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Michael Redgrave, English actor (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Alfonso García Robles, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Wendell Corey, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Rudolf Kirchschläger, President of Austria (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Sviatoslav Richter, Soviet pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Pierre Messmer, French politician and Prime Minister (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Vera Lynn, English actress and singer
  • 1918 – Jack Barry, American TV host (d. 1984)
  • 1918 – Marian McPartland, British jazz pianist
  • 1918 – Donald Featherstone, British writer and wargamer
  • 1920 – Pamela Harriman, British-American diplomat (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Sister Rosetta Tharpe, American singer (d. 1973)
  • 1922 – Larry Elgart, American saxophonist and bandleader
  • 1922 – Ray Goulding, American comedian (d. 1990)
  • 1922 – Carl Reiner, American film director
  • 1923 – Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani Author, Journalist and Political Activist (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – John Ehrlichman, American political figure (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – John Joubert, South African-born British composer
  • 1928 – Fred Rogers, American TV host (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Germán Robles, Spanish actor
  • 1931 – Hal Linden, American actor
  • 1933 – George Altman, American baseball player
  • 1933 – Alexander Gorodnitsky, Russian geologist and poet
  • 1934 – Willie Brown, American politician
  • 1935 – Ted Bessell, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1936 – Lee “Scratch” Perry, Reggae artist
  • 1936 – Vaughn Meader, American comedian (d. 2004)
  • 1937 – Jerry Reed, American singer and actor
  • 1939 – Brian Mulroney, former Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1941 – Pat Corrales, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Gerard Malanga, American poet and photographer
  • 1943 – Naima Neidre, Estonian graphic artist
  • 1943 – Paul Junger Witt, American TV producer
  • 1945 – Henry Bartholomay, American fighter pilot
  • 1945 – Rick Berman, American TV and film producer
  • 1945 – Jay Ingram, Canadian television host and author
  • 1945 – Pat Riley, American basketball player and coach
  • 1947 – John Boswell, American historian (d. 1994)
  • 1948 – John de Lancie, American actor
  • 1948 – Bobby Orr, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 – Marcia Ball, American singer and pianist
  • 1950 – William Hurt, American actor
  • 1950 – Carl Palmer, English drummer (Emerson, Lake & Palmer)
  • 1951 – Jimmie Vaughan, American blues guitarist
  • 1952 – Geoff Brabham, Australian racing driver
  • 1954 – Mike Francesa, American sports talk show host
  • 1954 – Liana Kanelli, Greek journalist and politician
  • 1957 – Vanessa Bell Calloway, American actress
  • 1957 – David Foster, Australian world champion woodchopper
  • 1957 – Spike Lee, American film director
  • 1957 – Theresa Russell, American actress
  • 1958 – Phil Anderson, Australian cyclist
  • 1958 – Holly Hunter, American actress
  • 1959 – Dave Beasant, English football goalkeeper
  • 1959 – Steve McFadden, British actor
  • 1959 – Sting, American professional wrestler
  • 1961 – Jesper Olsen, Danish footballer
  • 1961 – Slim Jim Phantom, American musician (Stray Cats)
  • 1962 – Stephen Sommers, American film director
  • 1963 – Paul Annacone, American tennis player
  • 1963 – Yelena Romanova, Russian athlete (d. 2007)
  • 1963 – Manabu Suzuki, Japanese racing driver and broadcaster
  • 1964 – Natacha Atlas, Belgian singer
  • 1966 – Alka Yagnik, Indian singer
  • 1969 – Caroline Brunet, Quebec kayaker
  • 1969 – Mannie Fresh, American producer
  • 1971 – Manny Alexander, Dominican baseball player
  • 1971 – Touré, American writer
  • 1972 – Alexander Kapranos, Greek-British musician (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1973 – Jung Woo-sung, South Korean actor
  • 1973 – Cedric Yarbrough, American actor
  • 1973 – Christopher Heinz, American businessman; son of Teresa Heinz
  • 1974 – Paula Garces, Colombian actress
  • 1974 – Andrzej Pilipiuk, Polish writer
  • 1976 – Chester Bennington, American musician (Linkin Park)
  • 1979 – Bianca Lawson, American actress
  • 1979 – Keven Mealamu, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1979 – Silvia Abascal, Spanish actress
  • 1980 – Jamal Crawford, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Ock Ju-Hyun, South Korean singer
  • 1982 – Terrence Duffin, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982 – Tomasz Kuszczak, Polish footballer
  • 1982 – Nick Wheeler, American guitarist (The All-American Rejects)
  • 1982 – José Moreira, Portuguese footballer
  • 1984 – Christy Carlson Romano, American actress
  • 1984 – Rami Malek, Egyptian-born actor
  • 1984 – Justine Ezarik, American Internet personality
  • 1984 – Markus Niemelä, Finnish racing driver
  • 1984 – Fernando Torres, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Marcus Vick, American football player
  • 1984 – Winta, Norwegian musician
  • 1987 – Patrick Boyle, Scottish footballer
  • 1987 – Daniel Maa Boumsong, Cameroonian football player
  • 1987 – João Alves de Assis Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Rollo Weeks, English actor
  • 1987 – Sergei Kostitsyn, Belarusian hockey player
  • 1989 – Tamim Iqbal, Bangladeshi cricketer

March 20 – Deaths:

  • 687 – St. Cuthbert, patron saint of Northumbria (born c. 634).
  • 1239 – Hermann von Salza, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (c. 1179)
  • 1413 – King Henry IV of England (b. 1367)
  • 1549 – Lord High Admiral Thomas Seymour, 4th. husband of Queen Catherine Parr (executed) (b. 1508)
  • 1568 – Duke Albert of Prussia (b. 1490)
  • 1586 – Richard Maitland, Scottish statesman and historian (b. 1496)
  • 1619 – Mathias, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1557)
  • 1673 – Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (b. 1603)
  • 1730 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (b. 1692)
  • 1732 – Johann Ernst Hanxleden, German philologist (b. 1681)
  • 1746 – Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
  • 1780 – Sir Benjamin Truman – English brewer (b. 1699/1700)
  • 1793 – William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (b. 1705)
  • 1835 – Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (b. 1794)
  • 1855 – Joseph Aspdin, English mason and inventor (b. 1788)
  • 1865 – Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai (b. 1833)
  • 1874 – Hans Christian Lumbye, Danish composer (b. 1810)
  • 1878 – Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (b. 1814)
  • 1890 – Alexander F. Mozhaiski, aviation pioneer (b. 1825)
  • 1897 – Apollon Maykov, Russian poet (b. 1821)
  • 1899 – Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (b. 1822)
  • 1916 – Ota Benga, Congolese pygmy (b. 1884)
  • 1918 – Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)
  • 1925 – George Nathaniel Curzon, British statesman (b. 1859)
  • 1929 – Ferdinand Foch, French commander of allied forces in World War I (b. 1851)
  • 1931 – Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
  • 1934 – Queen Emma of the Netherlands (b. 1858)
  • 1940 – Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (b. 1860)
  • 1947 – Sigurd Wallén,  Swedish actor and filmdirector (b. 1884)
  • 1964 – Brendan Behan, Irish playwright and author (b. 1923)
  • 1969 – Henri Longchambon, French politician (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Manolis Chiotis, Greek bouzouki virtuoso and song writer (b. 1920)
  • 1972 – Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1974 – Chet Huntley, American television journalist (b. 1911)
  • 1983 – Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (b. 1891)
  • 1990 – Lev Yashin, Soviet footballer (b. 1929)
  • 1991 – Conor Clapton, son of Eric Clapton (b. 1986)
  • 1992 – Georges Delerue, French film composer (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Polykarp Kusch, German-born American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1994 – Lewis Grizzard, American humorist (b. 1946)
  • 1995 – Big John Studd, American professional wrestler (b. 1948)
  • 1997 – Tony Zale, American boxer (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – George Howard, American jazz saxophone musician
  • 2000 – Gene Eugene, Canadian actor and singer (b. 1961)
  • 2001 – Luis Alvarado, Puerto Rican baseball player (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Sailor Art Thomas, American professional wrestler (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Pierre Sévigny, French Canadian military officer and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Armand Lohikoski, Finnish film director (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Gilbert E. Patterson, presiding bishop of COGIC (born 1939)
  • 2007 – Taha Yassin Ramadan, Iraqi politician (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Hawa Yakubu, Ghanaian politician (born 1948)

March 20 – Holidays:

  • Canberra Day
  • The second day of Quinquatria in ancient Rome, held in honor of Minerva.
  • The vernal equinox usually occurs on this day.
  • Though dependent on the exact day of the vernal equinox, New Year of Iranian Calendar: Norouz is sometimes celebrated on March 20 if the equinox falls on this day.
  • Though dependent on the exact day of the vernal equinox, International Astrology Day is sometimes celebrated on March 20 if the equinox falls on this day.
  • World Storytelling Day is a global celebration of the art of oral storytelling, celebrated every year on March 20.
  • Feast of St. Cuthbert, patron saint of Northumbria (d.687)
  • Abdon and Sennen at Soissons
  • Saint Herbert (d.687)
  • Saint Wulfram (d.704)
  • Saint Alexandra

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On This Day in History March 19

March 19 – Events:

  • 1279 – A Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China
  • 1687 – Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men.
  • 1831 – The City Bank of New York becomes the site of the first bank robbery in United States history ($245,000 taken).
  • 1861 – The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.
  • 1863 – The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, was destroyed on her maiden voyage with cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: The Battle of Bentonville begins. By the end of the battle two days later the Confederate forces have retreated from Four Oaks, North Carolina.
  • 1915 – Pluto is photographed for the first time but was not recognized as a planet.
  • 1916 – Eight American planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa, the first United States air-combat mission in history.
  • 1918 – The U.S. Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time.
  • 1920 – The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (first time was on November 19, 1919).
  • 1921 – Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled, three wounded.
  • 1931 – Gambling is legalized in Nevada.
  • 1931 – The Harrisburg Symphony Orchestra played its first concert in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1932 – The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
  • 1941 – World War II: The 99th Pursuit Squadron also known as the Tuskegee Airmen, the first all-black unit of the Army Air Corp, is activated.
  • 1943 – Frank Nitti, Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, committed suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.
  • 1944 – World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary.
  • 1945 – World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 800 of her crew and crippling the ship.
  • 1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler issues his “Nero Decree” ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany be destroyed.
  • 1946 – French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas départements of France.
  • 1954 – Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory in round seven at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in color.
  • 1962 – Algerian War of Independence: A ceasefire takes effect.
  • 1969 – collapse of 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, UK, because of icing.
  • 1972 – India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty.
  • 1978 – UN Security Council Resolution 425 and 426 were passed, calling upon Israel immediately to cease its military action and withdraw its forces from all Lebanese territory (Operation Litani), and established the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).
  • 1979 – The United States House of Representatives begins broadcasting its day-to-day business via the cable television network C-SPAN.
  • 1982 – Falklands War: Argentines land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war.
  • 1987 – Televangelist Jim Bakker resigns as head of the PTL Club due to a brewing sex scandal; he hands over control to Jerry Falwell.
  • 2004 – Äänekoski bus disaster – A semi-trailer truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.
  • 2004 – A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.
  • 2004 – Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country’s presidential election on March 20.

March 19 – Birthdays:

  • 1434 – Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)
  • 1488 – Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (d. 1544)
  • 1534 – José de Anchieta, Spanish Jesuit missionary to Brazil (d. 1597)
  • 1590 – William Bradford, Pilgrim and First Governor of the Plymouth Colony (d. 1657)
  • 1684 – Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1721 – Tobias Smollett, Scottish novelist (d. 1771)
  • 1734 – Thomas McKean, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1817)
  • 1739 – Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (d. 1824)
  • 1749 – Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (d. 1768)
  • 1778 – Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)
  • 1813 – David Livingstone, Scottish missionary and explorer (d. 1873)
  • 1821 – Richard Francis Burton, British explorer, diplomat and author (d. 1890)
  • 1823 – Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria d. 1914
  • 1829 – Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1848 – Wyatt Earp, American policeman and gunfighter (d. 1929)
  • 1849 – Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)
  • 1851 – William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)
  • 1860 – William Jennings Bryan, 41st United States Secretary of State (d. 1925)
  • 1861 – Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • 1864 – Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
  • 1865 – William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
  • 1871 – Schofield Haigh, British cricketer (d. 1921)
  • 1873 – Max Reger, German composer (d. 1916)
  • 1883 – Walter Haworth, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Joseph Stilwell, U.S. general (d. 1946)
  • 1888 – Josef Albers, German artist (d. 1976)
  • 1888 – Léon Scieur, Belgian cyclist (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Earl Warren, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1974)
  • 1892 – James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)
  • 1894 – Moms Mabley, American comedian (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Frédéric Joliot, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1904 – John Sirica, American judge (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Albert Speer, Nazi official (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Adolf Eichmann, Nazi official (d. 1962)
  • 1909 – Louis Hayward, British actor (d. 1985)
  • 1909 – Attilio Demaria, Argentinian footballer (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Jay Berwanger, American football player (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Fred Clark, American film actor (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)
  • 1916 – Eric Christmas, British actor (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Irving Wallace, American novelist (d. 1990)
  • 1917 – Dinu Lipatti, Romanian pianist (d. 1950)
  • 1917 – Laszlo Szabo, Hungarian chess player (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Tige Andrews, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Tommy Cooper, Welsh comedy magician (d. 1984)
  • 1923 – Pamela Britton, American actress (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Henry Morgentaler, Canadian gynecologist
  • 1924 – Mary Wimbush, British actress (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Brent Scowcroft, US National Security Advisor
  • 1927 – Richie Ashburn, American baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 1928 – Hans Küng, Swiss theologian
  • 1928 – Patrick McGoohan, American-born actor
  • 1932 – Gay Brewer, American golfer (d. 2007
  • 1933 – Philip Roth, American author
  • 1933 – Renée Taylor, American actress
  • 1936 – Ursula Andress, Swiss actress
  • 1936 – Birthe Wilke, Danish singer
  • 1937 – Clarence “Frogman” Henry, American musician
  • 1937 – Egon Krenz, President of East Germany
  • 1939 – Joe Kapp, American football player
  • 1942 – Richard Dobson, American singer and songwriter
  • 1943 – Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1943 – Mario Monti, Italian politician
  • 1943 – Vern Schuppan, Australian racing driver
  • 1944 – Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
  • 1944 – Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • 1945 – Stefanos Kiriakidis, Greek actor
  • 1946 – Paul Atkinson, British musician (The Zombies) (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Bigas Luna, Spanish film director
  • 1946 – Ruth Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
  • 1947 – Glenn Close, American actress
  • 1947 – Marinho Peres, Brazilian football player
  • 1952 – Harvey Weinstein, American film producer
  • 1952 – Warren Lees, New Zealand Test wicket-keeper
  • 1953 – Billy Sheehan, American musician (Mr. Big)
  • 1953 – Ricky Wilson, American musician (The B-52′s) (d. 1985)
  • 1954 – Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • 1955 – Bruce Willis, American actor
  • 1956 – Yegor Gaidar, Russian politician and economist.
  • 1962 – Ivan Calderón, Puerto Rican baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1962 – Jim Korderas, American professional wrestling referee
  • 1964 – Yoko Kanno, Japanese composer
  • 1966 – Andy Sinton, English footballer
  • 1966 – James “Big Jim” Wright, American record producer
  • 1967 – Vladimir Konstantinov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Gary Jules, American singer and songwriter
  • 1969 – Connor Trinneer, American actor
  • 1971 – Nadja Auermann, German supermodel
  • 1971 – Kirsty Williams, British politician
  • 1973 – Bun B, American Rapper
  • 1975 – Vivian Hsu, Taiwanese singer, actress and model
  • 1975 – Brann Dailor, American drummer
  • 1975 – Matthew Richardson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1976 – Zach Lind – American drummer (Jimmy Eat World)
  • 1976 – Andre Miller, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Rachel Blanchard, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Alessandro Nesta, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Jorma Taccone, American writer and comedian
  • 1979 – Hee-Seop Choi, Korean baseball player
  • 1979 – Ivan Ljubicic, Croatian tennis player
  • 1979 – Christos Patsatzoglou, Greek footballer
  • 1980 – Vida Guerra, Cuban-American swimsuit model
  • 1980 – Mikuni Shimokawa, Japanese singer
  • 1980 – Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator
  • 1981 – Kim Rae Won, South Korean actor and model
  • 1981 – Kolo Touré, Ivorian footballer
  • 1982 – Bradley Jones, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Matt Littler, British actor
  • 1983 – Ana Rezende, Brazilian film director and musician (CSS)
  • 1983 – Matt Sydal, American professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Tanushree Dutta, Indian Actress
  • 1985 – Ernesto Viso, Venezuelan racing driver
  • 1999 – Tatum McCann, American actress
  • 2007 – Prince Abdullah bin Ali, Prince of Jordan

March 19 – Deaths:

  • 1238 – Duke Henry I of Poland (b. 1163)
  • 1263 – Hugh of St Cher, French cardinal
  • 1279 – Emperor Bing of Song China (b. 1271)
  • 1286 – King Alexander III of Scotland (b. 1241)
  • 1330 – Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (executed) (b. 1301)
  • 1406 – Ibn Khaldun, Arab historian (b. 1332)
  • 1623 – Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1556)
  • 1637 – Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman (b. 1570)
  • 1649 – Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (b. 1577)
  • 1683 – Thomas Killigrew, English dramatist (b. 1612)
  • 1687 – Robert Cavelier de La Salle, French explorer (b. 1643)
  • 1697 – Nicolaus Bruhns, German organist and composer (b. 1665)
  • 1711 – Thomas Ken, English bishop and hymn-writer (b. 1637)
  • 1717 – John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish royalist
  • 1721 – Pope Clement XI (b. 1649)
  • 1796 – Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)
  • 1816 – Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (b. 1730)
  • 1871 – Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)
  • 1897 – Antoine Thomson d’Abbadie, French geographer (b. 1810)
  • 1900 – John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (b. 1815)
  • 1900 – Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (b. 1819)
  • 1914 – Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850)
  • 1916 – Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1930 – Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Lloyd L. Gaines, American civil rights activist
  • 1942 – Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist (b. 1855)
  • 1943 – Frank Nitti, American gangster (b. 1883)
  • 1944 – William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • 1945 – Friedrich Fromm, German Nazi official (b. 1888)
  • 1950 – Edgar Rice Burroughs, American author (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Walter Haworth, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1883)
  • 1974 – Anne Klein, American fashion designer (b. 1923)
  • 1974 – Edward Platt, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1976 – Albert Dieudonné, French actor, screenwriter and novelist (b. 1889)
  • 1976 – Paul Kossoff, English guitarist (Free) (b. 1950)
  • 1978 – Gaston Julia, French mathematician (b. 1893)
  • 1979 – Richard Beckinsale, English actor (b. 1947)
  • 1982 – Randy Rhoads, American guitarist (Quiet Riot, Ozzy Osbourne) (b. 1956)
  • 1987 – Louis, 7th duc de Broglie, French physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1989 – Alan Civil, English French horn player (b. 1929)
  • 1990 – Andrew Wood, American singer (Mother Love Bone) (b. 1966)
  • 1992 – Cesare Danova, American television and film actor (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Yasuo Yamada, Japanese voice actor (b. 1932)
  • 1997 – Willem de Kooning, Dutch-born painter (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Jaime Sabines, Mexican poet (b. 1926)
  • 2001 – Charles K. Johnson, President of the Flat Earth Society (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Émile Genest, Canadian actor (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Mitchell Sharp, Canadian politician (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – John De Lorean, American automobile engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Calvert DeForest, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Luther Ingram, R&B soul singer and songwriter (b. 1937)

March 19 – Holidays:

  • The first day of Quinquatria in ancient Rome, held in honor of Minerva.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Roman Catholicism and Church of England – Saint Joseph’s Day for Saint Joseph of Nazareth, spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary; patron saint of Belgium, a good death, carpenters; hence also (alternative) Father’s Day in Spain, Portugal, Belgium, and Italy.
    • Las Fallas in Valencia, Spain, Bolivia.
    • Saint Landoald
    • Saint Adeltrudis (d. 670)

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On This Day in History March 18

March 18 – Events:

  • 37 – The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
  • 1229 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor declares himself King of Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.
  • 1241 – Kraków is ravaged by Mongols.
  • 1314 – Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar is burned at the stake.
  • 1438 – Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany.
  • 1608 – Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1673 – John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton sells his part of New Jersey to some Friends (Quakers).
  • 1766 – American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act, which was very unpopular in the British colonies.
  • 1793 – The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
  • 1834 – Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
  • 1850 – American Express is founded by Henry Wells & William Fargo.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time.
  • 1871 – Declaration of the Paris Commune; President of the French Republic Adolphe Thiers orders evacuation of Paris.
  • 1874 – Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
  • 1893 – Former Governor General Lord Stanley pledges to donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, as an award for the best ice hockey team in Canada; originally presented to amateur champions, the Stanley Cup has been awarded to the top pro team since 1910, and since 1926, only to National Hockey League teams.
  • 1906 – Traian Vuia flies a self-propelled heavier-than-air aircraft.
  • 1909 – Einar Dessau uses a short-wave radio transmitter, becoming the first radio broadcaster.
  • 1913 – King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
  • 1915 – World War I: Massive naval attack in Battle of Gallipoli. Three battleships are sunk during a failed British & French naval attack on the Dardanelles.
  • 1921 – The second Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Union.
  • 1922 – In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience. He would serve only 2 years.
  • 1922 – The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, is held in New York City.
  • 1925 – The Tri-State Tornado hits the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people.
  • 1937 – The New London School explosion kills three hundred, mostly children.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces hand Italian forces a grave defeat at the Battle of Guadalajara.
  • 1937 – The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
  • 1938 – Mexico nationalizes all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders.
  • 1940 – World War II: Axis Powers – Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1944 – The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 and causes thousands to flee their homes.
  • 1945 – World War II: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.
  • 1946 – The diplomatic relations between Switzerland and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1953 – An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 250.
  • 1959 – American President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law allowing for Hawaiian statehood, which would become official on August 21.
  • 1962 – The Evian Accords puts an end to the Algerian War of Independence, which began in 1954.
  • 1965 – Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
  • 1967 – Supertanker Torrey Canyon runs aground off the Cornish coast.
  • 1968 – The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back US currency.
  • 1970 – Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
  • 1971 – A landslide at Chungar, Peru crashes into Lake Yanahuani killing 200.
  • 1974 – Oil embargo crisis: Most OPEC nations end a five-month oil embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan.
  • 1980 – On Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia, 50 people are killed at an explosion of a Vostok-2M rocket on its launch pad during a fueling operation.
  • 1989 – In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops.
  • 1990 – In largest art theft in US history, 12 paintings, collectively worth around $300 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1997 – The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane breaks off while en-route to Turkey causing the plane to crash and killing all 50 on board and leading to the grounding of all An-24s.
  • 2003 – FBI agents raid the corporate headquarters of HealthSouth Corporation in Birmingham, Alabama on suspicion of massive corporate fraud led by the company’s top executives.
  • 2003 – British Sign Language is recognized as an official British language.
  • 2005 – Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube is removed at the request of her husband, fueling a worldwide debate on euthanasia.

March 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1395 – John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military leader (d. 1447)
  • 1496 – Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)
  • 1555 – François, Duke of Anjou (d. 1584)
  • 1590 – Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
  • 1602 – Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (d. 1679)
  • 1603 – Simon Bradstreet, Massachusetts Bay colonist (d. 1693)
  • 1634 – Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, comtesse de la Fayette, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1640 – Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
  • 1657 – Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer (d. 1743)
  • 1679 – Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1759)
  • 1685 – Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
  • 1690 – Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician (d. 1764)
  • 1701 – Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)
  • 1780 – Milos Obrenovic, Leader of The Second Serbian Uprising and Prince of Serbia (d. 1860)
  • 1782 – John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the United States (d. 1850)
  • 1813 – Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German writer (d. 1864)
  • 1823 – Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (d. 1883)
  • 1828 – William Randal Cremer, English politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1908)
  • 1837 – Grover Cleveland, President of the United States (d. 1908)
  • 1840 – William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
  • 1842 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • 1844 – Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (d. 1908)
  • 1848 – Nathanael Herreshoff, American naval architect (d. 1938)
  • 1848 – Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1939)
  • 1858 – Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (d. 1913)
  • 1869 – Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • 1872 – Anna Held, Polish actress and singer (d. 1918)
  • 1874 – Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)
  • 1877 – Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
  • 1877 – Clem Hill, Australian cricketer (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer (d. 1973)
  • 1886 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1898 – Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)
  • 1893 – Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (d. 1978)
  • 1893 – Wilfred Owen, British poet (d. 1918)
  • 1899 – Jean Goldkette, Greek-born jazz musician (d. 1962)
  • 1904 – Srecko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926)
  • 1905 – Robert Donat, English actor (d. 1958)
  • 1905 – Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)
  • 1907 – John Zachary Young, British biologist (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)
  • 1910 – Chiang Ching-kuo, President of the Republic of China (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – Smiley Burnette, American singer and songwriter (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – René Clément, French film director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Werner Mölders German WWII fighter pilot (d. 1941)
  • 1915 – Richard Condon, American novelist (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Frederika of Hanover, queen of the Hellenes (d. 1981)
  • 1918 – Al Benton, American baseball player (d. 1968)
  • 1918 – Bob Broeg, American sports writer (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Egon Bahr, German politician
  • 1923 – Andy Granatelli, American motorsports entrepreneur
  • 1926 – Peter Graves, American actor
  • 1926 – Dick Littlefield, American baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – John Kander, American songwriter
  • 1927 – George Plimpton, American writer and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Julia Mullock, Princess of Korea
  • 1928 – Miguel Poblet, Spanish cyclist
  • 1928 – Fidel V. Ramos, President of the Philippines
  • 1929 – John Macurdy, American bass
  • 1930 – Pat Halcox, British musician
  • 1931 – John Fraser, Scottish-born stage, film and television actor
  • 1932 – John Updike, American author
  • 1935 – Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, Danish mathematician
  • 1936 – Frederik Willem de Klerk, President of South Africa, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1937 – Mark Donohue, American race car driver (d. 1975)
  • 1937 – Rudi Altig, German cyclist
  • 1938 – Charley Pride, American musician
  • 1938 – Shashi Kapoor, Indian Actor
  • 1939 – Ron Atkinson, English former footballer and manager
  • 1939 – Giannis Markopoulos, Greek composer
  • 1941 – Wilson Pickett, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – John W. Derr, American politician
  • 1943 – Kevin Dobson, American actor
  • 1943 – Toula Grivas, Greek actress
  • 1947 – B.J. Wilson, English drummer (d. 1990)
  • 1947 – Patrick Chesnais, French actor
  • 1947 – Patrick Barlow, English actor, comedian and playwright
  • 1948 – Guy Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 – Alex Higgins, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1949 – Åse Kleveland, Norwegian singer and politician
  • 1950 – Brad Dourif, American actor
  • 1950 – Richard Kretchmer, English artist and historian
  • 1950 – Rodney Milburn, American athlete (d. 1997)
  • 1950 – Larry Perkins, Australian racing driver
  • 1951 – Bill Frisell, American jazz musician
  • 1951 – Ben Cohen, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream
  • 1952 – Mike Webster, American football player (d. 2002)
  • 1956 – Ingemar Stenmark, Swedish skier
  • 1957 – György Pazdera, Hungarian bassist (Pokolgép)
  • 1957 – Christer Fuglesang, Swedish ESA astronaut
  • 1959 – Luc Besson, French producer, writer, and director
  • 1959 – Irene Cara, American actress and singer
  • 1960 – Richard Biggs, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1960 – Guy Carbonneau, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1962 – Thomas Ian Griffith, American actor
  • 1962 – James McMurtry, American folk singer/songwriter
  • 1962 – Mike Rowe, American television personality
  • 1963 – Jeff LaBar, American guitarist
  • 1963 – Vanessa L. Williams, American beauty queen, actress, and singer
  • 1964 – Bonnie Blair, American speed skater
  • 1964 – Courtney Pine, British jazz saxophonist
  • 1964 – Rozalla, Zambian singer
  • 1964 – Alex Caffi, Italian racecar driver
  • 1966 – Jerry Cantrell, American musician
  • 1967 – Miki Berenyi, English singer (Lush)
  • 1968 – Shinichiro Miki, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)
  • 1969 – Vassily Ivanchuk, Ukrainian chess player
  • 1969 – Shaun Udal, English cricketer
  • 1970 – Queen Latifah, American singer and actress
  • 1972 – Dane Cook, American comedian and actor
  • 1973 – Max Barry, Australian author
  • 1975 – Brian Griese, American football player
  • 1975 – Tomas Žvirgždauskas, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1975 – Sutton Foster, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1975 – Rodleen Getsic, American musician, civil servant
  • 1976 – Jovan Kirovski, American soccer player
  • 1976 – Tomokazu Ohka, Japanese baseball player
  • 1976 – Scott Podsednik, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Danny Murphy, English footballer
  • 1977 – Zdeno Chára, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Devin Lima, American singer
  • 1977 – Willy Sagnol, French footballer
  • 1977 – Terrmel Sledge, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Fernando Rodney, Dominican baseball player
  • 1978 – Khalilah Adams, American actress
  • 1978 – Yoshie Takeshita, Japanese volleyball player
  • 1978 – Jan Bulis, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Adam Levine, American singer (Maroon 5)
  • 1979 – Brandon Lee, American adult actor
  • 1980 – Alexei Yagudin, Russian figure skater
  • 1980 – Sophia Myles, English actress
  • 1980 – Sebastien Frey, French footballer
  • 1981 – Jang Nara, Korean singer and actress
  • 1982 – Chad Cordero, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Timo Glock German Formula 1 driver
  • 1982 – Pedro Mantorras, Angolan footballer
  • 1983 – Andy Sonnanstine, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Vonzell Solomon, American Idol Contestant
  • 1985 – Vince Lia, Australian Footballer
  • 1986 – Bia Figueiredo, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1987 – Mauro Zárate, Argentinian Footballer
  • 1987 – Gabriel Mercado, Argentinian Footballer
  • 1987 – Ben Waterworth, Australian Radio Personality
  • 1996 – Madeline Carroll, American actress

March 18 – Deaths:

  • 978 – King Edward the Martyr of England
  • 1227 – Pope Honorius III (b. 1148)
  • 1314 – Jacques DeMolay, Frankish noble, the 23rd Grand Master of the Knights Templar (b.1244)
  • 1583 – King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
  • 1584 – Tsar Ivan IV of Russia (b. 1530)
  • 1675 – Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
  • 1689 – John Dixwell, English judge (b. 1607)
  • 1696 – Robert Charnock, English conspirator
  • 1745 – Sir Robert Walpole, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1676)
  • 1746 – Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
  • 1768 – Laurence Sterne, Irish writer (b. 1713)
  • 1781 – Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (b. 1727)
  • 1823 – Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (b. 1753)
  • 1835 – Christian Gunther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian statesman and diplomat (b. 1769)
  • 1871 – Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • 1898 – Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826)
  • 1907 – Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist and politician (b. 1827)
  • 1913 – King George I of Greece (b. 1845)
  • 1936 – Eleftherios Venizelos, Former Prime minister of Greece
  • 1939 – Henry Simpson Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader (b. 1859)
  • 1941 – Henri Cornet, French cyclist (b. 1884)
  • 1945 – William Grover-Williams, British racing driver
  • 1947 – William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer (b. 1861)
  • 1962 – Walter W. Bacon, Governor of Delaware (b. 1880)
  • 1963 – Wanda Hawley, American actress (b. 1895)
  • 1964 – Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (b. 1870)
  • 1965 – King Farouk I of Egypt (b. 1920)
  • 1969 – Barbara Bates, American film actress (b. 1925)
  • 1973 – Lauritz Melchior, Danish-born American opera singer (b. 1890)
  • 1975 – Alain Grandbois, Quebec poet (b. 1900)
  • 1976 – Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1893)
  • 1977 – Marien Ngouabi, President of the Republic of the Congo (b. 1938)
  • 1977 – José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1944)
  • 1978 – Leigh Brackett, American author (b. 1915)
  • 1978 – Peggy Wood, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Erich Fromm, German-born psychologist and philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – King Umberto II of Italy, (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Kenneth E. Boulding, English economist (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Charlie Lau, American baseball player (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Bernard Malamud, American writer (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Billy Butterfield, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1917)
  • 1990 – Robin Harris, American actor and comedian (b. 1953)
  • 1995 – Robin Jacques, illustrator of children’s books (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – Odysseas Elytis, Greek poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Eberhard Bethge, German theologian (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – John Phillips, American musician (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – R.A. Lafferty, American science fiction writer (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Gösta Winbergh, Swedish tenor (b. 1943)
  • 2003 – Karl Kling, German race car driver (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Adam Osborne, British computer pioneer (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Bill Beutel, American journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Dan Gibson, musician (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Bob Woolmer, English cricketer and Pakistan national coach (b. 1948)

March 18 – Holidays:

  • Aruba – Flag Day (1976)
  • Ancient Latvia – Bindus Diena
  • United States – National Biodiesel Day
  • Mothers Day (Nigeria)
  • Mexico – Expropiación Petrolera
  • Saint Cyril of Jerusalem (d.386)
  • Saint Alexander of Jerusalem
  • Saint Anselm
  • Saint Edward the Martyr (d.978)
  • Saint Narcissus
  • Saint Salvator

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On This Day in History March 17

March 17 – Events:

  • 45 BC – In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.
  • 180 – Marcus Aurelius dies. Commodus is now the only emperor.
  • 624 – Muhammad wins a key victory over his Meccan adversaries in the Battle of Badr.
  • 1337 – Edward, the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England.
  • 1577 – The Cathay Company is formed to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World for more gold.
  • 1756 – St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated in New York City for the first time (at the Crown and Thistle Tavern).
  • 1776 – American Revolution: British forces evacuate Boston, Massachusetts after George Washington and Henry Knox place artillery overlooking the city.
  • 1805 – The Italian Republic, with Napoleon as president, becomes the Kingdom of Italy, with Napoleon as King.
  • 1845 – The rubber band is patented.
  • 1861 – The Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946) is proclaimed.
  • 1886 – Carrollton Massacre: 20 African Americans are killed in Mississippi.
  • 1891 – The British steamship SS Utopia sinks off the coast of Gibraltar, killing 574.
  • 1901 – A showing of 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.
  • 1906 – The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.
  • 1910 – Luther Gulick and his wife Charlotte found Camp Fire Girls (now Camp Fire USA) (formally announced in 1912).
  • 1913 – The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • 1917 – Delta Phi Epsilon is founded at New York University Law School.
  • 1921 – The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.
  • 1939 – Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945): The Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out.
  • 1941 – In Washington, DC, the National Gallery of Art is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: The first Jews from the Lviv Ghetto (western Ukraine) are gassed at the Belzec death camp (eastern Poland).
  • 1945 – The strategically important captured railway Bridge at Remagen, having sped the end of WW-II, but ironically no longer taking artillery fire, collapses ten days into the battle rendering the lodgement on the Germany bank of the Rhine dependent entirely on pontoon bridges.
  • 1948 – Benelux, France, and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Brussels, a precursor to the NATO Agreement.
  • 1950 – University of California, Berkeley researchers announce the creation of element 98, which they name “Californium.”
  • 1958 – The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
  • 1959 – Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, flees Tibet for India.
  • 1960 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the National Security Council directive on the anti-Cuban covert action program that will ultimately lead to the Bay of Pigs Invasion.
  • 1966 – Off the coast of Spain in the Mediterranean, the Alvin submarine finds a missing American hydrogen bomb.
  • 1969 – Golda Meir becomes the first female Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1973 – The Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph Burst of Joy is taken, depicting a former prisoner of war being reunited with his family.
  • 1979 – The Penmanshiel Tunnel collapses during engineering works, killing two workers.
  • 1985 – Serial killer Richard Ramirez, the “Night Stalker,” commits his first two murders in Los Angeles, California murder spree.
  • 1988 – A Colombian Boeing 727 jetliner, Avianca Flight 410, crashes into a mountainside near the Venezuelan border killing 143.
  • 1988 – Eritrean War of Independence: The Nadew Command, an Ethiopian army corps in Eritrea, is attacked on three sides by military units of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) in the opening action of the Battle of Afabet.
  • 1992 – A suicide car-bomb kills 29 and injures 242 at the Israeli Embassy attack in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

March 17 – Birthdays:

  • 1231 – Emperor Shijo of Japan (d. 1242)
  • 1473 – King James IV of Scotland (d. 1513)
  • 1628 – François Girardon, French sculptor (d. 1715)
  • 1676 – Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
  • 1725 – Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)
  • 1777 – Roger Brooke Taney, 5th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (d. 1864)
  • 1780 – Thomas Chalmers, Scottish pastor, social reformer, author, and scientist (d. 1847)
  • 1787 – Edmund Kean, English actor (d. 1833)
  • 1804 – Jim Bridger, American trapper and explorer (d. 1881)
  • 1820 – Jean Ingelow, English poet (d. 1897)
  • 1834 – Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and inventor (d. 1900)
  • 1846 – Kate Greenaway, English children’s author and illustrator (d. 1901)
  • 1856 – Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1862 – Silvio Gesell, Belgian economist (d. 1930)
  • 1866 – Pierce Butler, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1939)
  • 1870 – Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (d. 1951)
  • 1880 – Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
  • 1880 – Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
  • 1881 – Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1883 – Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1884 – Alcide Nunez, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1934)
  • 1886 – Princess Patricia of Connaught, British princess (d. 1974)
  • 1888 – Paul Ramadier, French politician (d. 1961)
  • 1892 – Benjamin Drake Van Wissen, Australian Engineer (d. 1984)
  • 1894 – Paul Green, American writer (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Jozef C. Mazur, American stained glass artist and painter (d. 1970)
  • 1901 – Alfred Newman, American film composer (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Bobby Jones, American golfer (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Sonny Werblin, former owner of the New York Jets (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Brigitte Helm, German actress (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Bayard Rustin, American civil rights activist (d. 1987)
  • 1914 – Sammy Baugh, American football player
  • 1915 – Henry Bumstead, American art director (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Ray Ellington, British singer (d. 1985)
  • 1919 – Nat King Cole, American singer (d. 1965)
  • 1922 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Founding Leader of Bangladesh (d. 1975)
  • 1925 – Gabriele Ferzetti, Italian film and stage actor
  • 1926 – Siegfried Lenz, German writer
  • 1928 – William John McKeag, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – James Irwin, American astronaut (d. 1991)
  • 1931 – David Peakall, British scientist (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Ladislav Kupkovic, Slovakian composer
  • 1936 – Ken Mattingly, American astronaut
  • 1937 – Adam Wade, American singer and actor
  • 1938 – Rudolf Nureyev, Russian-born dancer and choreographer (d. 1993)
  • 1938 – Keith Michael Patrick O’Brien, Northern Irish clergyman
  • 1938 – Zola Taylor, American singer (The Platters) (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Jim Gary, American sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1939 – Robin Knox-Johnston, British Yachtsman
  • 1940 – Mark White, American politician
  • 1941 – Paul Kantner, American musician (Jefferson Airplane)
  • 1941 – Wang Jin-pyng, Taiwanese politician
  • 1942 – John Wayne Gacy, American serial killer (d. 1994)
  • 1942 – Dimitris Poulikakos, Greek composer, singer and actor
  • 1944 – Pattie Boyd, British photographer and model
  • 1944 – Cito Gaston, American baseball player and manager
  • 1944 – John Sebastian, American singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Elis Regina, Brazilian singer (d. 1982)
  • 1945 – Michael Hayden, General USAF, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1945 – Katri Helena, Finnish singer
  • 1947 – James Morrow, American author
  • 1947 – Jan Andersson, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Yury Chernavsky, Russian-born Composer and Producer
  • 1948 – William Gibson, American writer
  • 1948 – Alex MacDonald, Scottish Footballer and football manager
  • 1949 – Patrick Duffy, American actor
  • 1949 – Pat Rice, Northern Irish footballer and football manager
  • 1949 – Daniel Lavoie, French Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Patrick Adams, American record producer and songwriter
  • 1951 – Donald Findlay, Scottish lawyer
  • 1951 – Scott Gorham, American musician (Thin Lizzy)
  • 1951 – Kurt Russell, American actor
  • 1951 – Craig Ramsay, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Nikos Xydakis, Greek musician and composer
  • 1953 – Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary (d. 2001)
  • 1953 – Chuck Muncie, American former football running back
  • 1954 – Lesley-Anne Down, English actress
  • 1955 – Cynthia McKinney, American politician
  • 1955 – Gary Sinise, American actor
  • 1956 – Patrick McDonnell, American cartoonist
  • 1957 – Mal Donaghy, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1957 – Michael Kelly, American journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1958 – Pat Bolland, Canadian Broadcaster
  • 1959 – Danny Ainge, American basketball player and coach
  • 1959 – Christian Clemenson, American actor
  • 1961 – Casey Siemaszko, American actor
  • 1961 – Dana Reeve, American actress and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1961 – Andrew Paul, English actor
  • 1962 – Clare Grogan, Scottish actress-singer
  • 1962 – Ank Bijleveld-Schouten, Dutch politician
  • 1963 – Nick Peros, Canadian composer
  • 1963 – Alex Fong Chung-Sun, Chinese actor
  • 1964 – Rob Lowe, American actor
  • 1964 – Lee Dixon, English footballer
  • 1964 – Jacques Songo’o, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1966 – Jeremy Sheffield, English actor
  • 1967 – Billy Corgan, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)
  • 1969 – Mathew St. Patrick, American actor
  • 1969 – Alexander McQueen, British fashion designer
  • 1970 – Gene Ween, American Musician (Ween)
  • 1970 – Yanic Truesdale, Canadian actor
  • 1971 – Bill Mueller, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Melissa Auf der Maur, Canadian musician
  • 1972 – Marc Gunn, poet, podcaster, and Celtic musician (Brobdingnagian Bards)
  • 1972 – Mia Hamm, American soccer player
  • 1973 – Rico Blanco, Filipino singer (Rivermaya)
  • 1973 – Caroline Corr, Irish singer and musician
  • 1973 – Vance Wilson, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Jerome Woods, American Football player for the Kansas City Chiefs
  • 1974 – Mark Dolan, TV show host
  • 1975 – Justin Hawkins, British singer (The Darkness)
  • 1975 – Andrew “Test” Martin, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Natalie Zea, American actress
  •  1976 – Stephen Gately, Irish singer, musician, and actor (Boyzone)
  • 1976 – Brittany Daniel, American actress
  • 1976 – Cynthia Daniel, American actress and photographer
  • 1976 – Álvaro Recoba, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976 – Scott Downs, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Adam Jennings, British actor, producer and film director
  • 1979 – Andrew Ference, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Samoa Joe, Samoan professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Stormy Daniels, American pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Danny Califf, American soccer player
  • 1981 – Kyle Korver, American Basketball Player
  • 1982 – Steven Pienaar, South African footballer
  • 1986 – Olesya Rulin, American actress

March 17 – Deaths:

  • 45 BC – Titus Labienus, Roman leader
  • 180 – Marcus Aurelius, Roman emperor (b. 121)
  • 461 or 493 – Saint Patrick, patron saint of Ireland
  • 659 – Gertrude of Nivelles, Belgian abbess
  • 1040 – Harold Harefoot, King of England
  • 1058 – King Lulach I of Scotland
  • 1199 – Jocelin, bishop of Glasgow
  • 1272 – Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (b. 1220)
  • 1425 – Ashikaga Yoshikazu, Japanese shogun (b. 1407)
  • 1516 – Giuliano di Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (b. 1478)
  • 1565 – Alexander Ales, Scottish theologian (b. 1500)
  • 1640 – Philip Massinger, English dramatist (b. 1583)
  • 1649 – Gabriel Lallemant, French Jesuit missionary, one of the Canadian Martyrs (b. 1610)
  • 1680 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (b. 1613)
  • 1704 – Menno van Coehoorn, Dutch military engineer (b. 1641)
  • 1713 – Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw [b. 1688)
  • 1715 – Gilbert Burnet, Scottish Bishop of Salisbury (b. 1643)
  • 1741 – Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (b. 1671)
  • 1764 – George Parker, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, English astronomer
  • 1782 – Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-born mathematician (b. 1700)
  • 1830 – Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • 1846 – Friedrich Bessel, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1784)
  • 1849 – William II of the Netherlands (b. 1792)
  • 1853 – Christian Doppler, Austrian physician and mathematician (b. 1803)
  • 1875 – Ferdinand Laub, Czech violinist (b. 1832)
  • 1893 – Jules Ferry, French statesman (b. 1832)
  • 1912 – Lawrence Oates, English army officer (b. 1880)
  • 1917 – Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (b. 1838)
  • 1926 – Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general (b. 1853)
  • 1937 – Austen Chamberlain, English statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1863)
  • 1941 – Marguerite Nichols, American actress (b. 1895)
  • 1946 – Dai Li, Chinese spymaster (b. 1897)
  • 1949 – Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1956 – Fred Allen, American actor and comedian (b. 1894)
  • 1956 – Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1957 – Ramon Magsaysay, President of the Philippines (b. 1907)
  • 1961 – Susanna M. Salter, Mayor of Argonia, Kansas (b. 1860)
  • 1965 – Amos Alonzo Stagg, American football coach, player, and innovator (b. 1862)
  • 1974 – Louis Kahn, American architect
  • 1976 – Luchino Visconti, Italian director (b. 1906)
  • 1981 – Paul Dean, American baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1983 – Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – Santo Trafficante, Jr., American gangster (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Nikolas Asimos, Greek counter-culture composer and singer (b. 1949)
  • 1989 – Merritt Butrick, American actor (b. 1959)
  • 1990 – Capucine, French actress (b. 1931)
  • 1990 – Ric Grech, British bass player (Blind Faith – Traffic) (b. 1946)
  • 1992 – Grace Stafford, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Helen Hayes, American actress (b. 1900)
  • 1995 – Ronnie Kray, British gangster (b. 1933)
  • 1995 – Rick Aviles, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 1996 – René Clément, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – Terry Stafford, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 1999 – Ernest Gold, Austrian composer (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Rod Hull, British comedian (b. 1936)
  • 2002 – Rosetta LeNoire, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – Pat Weaver, American broadcast executive (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator (b. 1902)
  • 2004 – J. J. Jackson, American television personality (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – George F. Kennan, American Cold War strategist and historian (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Andre Norton, American writer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Bob Blue, American singer/songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2006 – Oleg Cassini, American fashion designer (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Ray Meyer, American basketball coach (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Bob Papenbrook, American voice actor (b. 1955)
  • 2007 – John Backus, American computer scientist (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Roger Bennett, American Southern Gospel performer (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Jim Cronin, Animal welfare campaigner and founder of Monkey World in Dorset, England.

March 17-Holidays

  • Ancient Latvia – Kustonu Diena (return of the larks) observed
  • Feast day of St Patrick: a public holiday in Ireland (National feast), Montserrat and the Canadian Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, widely celebrated elsewhere in North America and worldwide (see St. Patrick’s Day)
  • Boston, Massachusetts – Evacuation Day
  • Ancient Rome – the second day of the Bacchanalia in honor of Bacchus
  • Ancient Rome – the Liberalia in honor of Liber
  • St. Agricola
  • St. Joseph of Arimathea
  • Saint Alexius

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On This Day in History March 16

March 16 – Events:

  • 597 BC – Babylonians captures Jerusalem, replaces Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.
  • 1190 – Crusaders start to massacre the Jews of York; many Jews commit suicide rather than  submit to baptism.
  • 1249 – The Servite Order is officially approved by Cardinal Raniero Capocci, papal legate in Tuscany.
  • 1322 – The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.
  • 1521 – Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines.
  • 1660 – The Long Parliament disbands.
  • 1689 – The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.
  • 1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden is shot; he dies on March 29.
  • 1802 – The United States Military Academy at West Point is established.
  • 1812 – Battle of Badajoz (March 16 – April 6) – British and Portuguese forces besiege and defeat French garrison during Peninsular War.
  • 1815 – Prince Willem of the House of Orange-Nassau proclaims himself King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first constitutional monarch in The Netherlands.
  • 1818 – Battle of Cancha Rayada – Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.
  • 1861 – Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: The Battle of Averasborough begins as Confederate forces suffer unreplacable casualties.
  • 1867 – First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in The Lancet.
  • 1872 – The Wanderers F.C. won the first FA Cup, the oldest football competition in the world, beating Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1-0 at The Oval in Kennington, London.
  • 1900 – Sir Arthur Evans purchases the land around the ruins of Knossos, the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete.
  • 1912 – Lawrence Oates, ill member of Scott’s South Pole expedition leaves the tent saying, “I am just going outside and may be some time.”
  • 1916 – The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing cross the US-Mexico border to join the hunt of Pancho Villa.
  • 1924 – The free port of Fiume is formally annexed by Mussolini’s fascist regime.
  • 1926 – Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, Massachusetts.
  • 1935 – Adolf Hitler orders Germany to rearm herself in violation of the Versailles Treaty. Conscription was reintroduced to form the Wehrmacht.
  • 1939 – From Prague Castle, Hitler proclaims Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate.
  • 1939 – Marriage of Princess Fawzia of Egypt to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran.
  • 1942 – The first V-2 rocket test launch (exploded at liftoff).
  • 1945 – World War II: The Battle of Iwo Jima ends but small pockets of Japanese resistance persist.
  • 1945 – Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers.
  • 1958 – The Ford Motor Company produces its 50 millionth automobile, the Thunderbird, averaging almost a million cars a year since the company’s founding.
  • 1962 – A Flying Tiger Line Super Constellation disappears in the western Pacific Ocean, with 107 people missing.
  • 1963 – Mount Agung erupts on Bali, as 11,000 die.
  • 1966 – Launch of Gemini 8, the 12th manned American space flight and first space docking with the Agena Target Vehicle.
  • 1968 – General Motors releases its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado.
  • 1969 – A Venezuelan Airlines DC-9 crashes shortly after takeoff in Maracaibo, Venezuela killing 155.
  • 1976 – British Prime Minister Harold Wilson resigns, citing personal reasons.
  • 1978 – Aldo Moro is kidnapped by left-wing terrorists in Italy and is later killed by his captors.
  • 1978 – Supertanker Amoco Cadiz splits in two after running aground on Portsall Rocks, three miles off the coast of Brittany, resulting in the 5th-largest oil spill in history.
  • 1983 – Demolition of the radio tower Ismaning, the last radio tower in Germany built of wood.
  • 1984 – William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, Lebanon, is kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists and later dies in captivity.
  • 1985 – Associated Press newsman Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut. He is released on December 4, 1991.
  • 1988 – Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North and Vice Admiral John Poindexter are indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States.
  • 1988 – The Kurdish town of Halabjah in Iraq was attacked with a mix of poison gas and nerve agents, killing thousands of people.
  • 1995 – Mississippi formally ratifies the Thirteenth Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery. The thirteenth amendment was officially ratified in 1865.
  • 1996 – Göran Persson is elected leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party.
  • 2005 – Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.
  • 2006 – The United Nations General Assembly votes overwhelmingly to establish the UN Human Rights Council.

March 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1338 – Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick (d. 1401)
  • 1445 – Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (d. 1510)
  • 1473 – Henry IV the Pious, Duke of Saxony (d. 1541)
  • 1581 – Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, Dutch historian and writer (d. 1647)
  • 1585 – Gerbrand Adriaensz Bredero, Dutch writer (d. 1618)
  • 1631 – René Le Bossu, French critic (d. 1680)
  • 1654 – Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (d. 1704)
  • 1687 – Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, queen consort in Prussia (d. 1757)
  • 1750 – Caroline Herschel, German-born English astronomer (d. 1848)
  • 1751 – James Madison, 4th President of the United States (d. 1836)
  • 1773 – Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (d. 1836)
  • 1774 – Captain Matthew Flinders, English explorer of the coasts of Australia (d. 1814)
  • 1789 – Georg Simon Ohm, German physicist (d. 1854)
  • 1794 – Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (d. 1881)
  • 1800 – Emperor Ninko of Japan (d. 1846)
  • 1805 – Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (d. 1861)
  • 1822 – Rosa Bonheur, French realist painter and sculptor (d. 1899)
  • 1834 – James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)
  • 1839 – René François Armand Sully-Prudhomme, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
  • 1839 – John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (d. 1922)
  • 1840 – Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (d. 1931)
  • 1846 – Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (d. 1927)
  • 1851 – Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (d. 1931)
  • 1856 – Napoléon Eugène Louis John Joseph, called Napoleon IV, the only child of Emperor Napoleon III of France (d. 1879)
  • 1857 – Charles Harding Firth, British historian (d. 1936)
  • 1859 – Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1865 – Patsy Donovan, Irish-American baseball player (d. 1953)
  • 1869 – F. A. Forbes, Scottish author (d. 1936)
  • 1877 – Reza Shah Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (d. 1941)
  • 1878 – Clemens August Graf von Galen, German archbishop and cardinal (d. 1946)
  • 1889 – Reggie Walker, South African athlete (d. 1951)
  • 1890 – Solomon Mikhoels, Soviet actor and chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (d. 1948)
  • 1892 – César Vallejo, Peruvian poet (d. 1938)
  • 1892 – James Petrillo, leader of the U.S. musicians union (d. 1984)
  • 1897 – Conrad Nagel, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1883 – Ethel Anderson, Australian poet (d. 1958)
  • 1901 – Edward Pawley, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Leon Roppolo, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1943)
  • 1903 – Mike Mansfield, American politician, and diplomat (d. 2001)
  • 1905 – Elisabeth Flickenschildt, German actress (d. 1977)
  • 1905 – Marlin Perkins, American naturalist (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Henny Youngman, American comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1906 – Francisco Ayala, Spanish writer
  • 1908 – René Daumal, French Surrealist writer (d. 1944)
  • 1908 – Robert Rossen, American film director, screenwriter and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1911 – Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (d. 1979)
  • 1911 – Pierre Harmel, Belgian politician
  • 1912 – Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Samael Aun Weor, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – Frederick Reines, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Leo McKern, Australian actor (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Traudl Junge, Hitler’s secretary (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – John Addison, British composer (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)
  • 1922 – Harding Lemay, American television scriptwriter and playwright
  • 1925 – Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Charles Goodell, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1926 – Jerry Lewis, American comedian
  • 1927 – Vladimir Komarov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1967)
  • 1927 – Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senator from New York (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Olga San Juan, American comedian
  • 1928 – Christa Ludwig, German mezzo-soprano
  • 1928 – Karlheinz Böhm, Austrian actor
  • 1929 – Nadja Tiller, Austrian actress
  • 1930 – Tommy Flanagan, American jazz pianist (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Betty Johnson, American singer
  • 1932 – Don Blasingame, American baseball player and manager (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Walter Cunningham, American astronaut
  • 1933 – Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist
  • 1934 – Ray Hnatyshyn, Governor-General of Canada (d. 2002)
  • 1935 – Teresa Berganza, Spanish soprano
  • 1936 – Fred Neil, American singer-songwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Amos Tversky, Israeli psychologist (d. 1996)
  • 1939 – Carlos Bilardo, Argetinian football coach
  • 1940 – Bernardo Bertolucci, Italian film director
  • 1940 – Jan Pronk, Dutch politician
  • 1940 – Keith Rowe, English guitarist (AMM) and painter
  • 1941 – Robert Guéï, ruler of Côte d’Ivoire (d. 2002)
  • 1941 – Chuck Woolery, American game show host
  • 1942 – James Soong, Taiwanese politician
  • 1942 – Jerry Jeff Walker, American musician
  • 1942 – Roger Crozier, Canadian ice hockey goaltender (d. 1996)
  • 1943 – Ursula Goodenough, Evolutionary Scholar, Cell Biologist
  • 1943 – Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Michael Basman, English chess master
  • 1946 – Hubert Soudant, Dutch conductor
  • 1947 – Ramzan Paskayev, Chechen accordionist
  • 1948 – Michael Bruce, American musician. Guitarist and keyboard player for Alice Cooper
  • 1948 – Margaret Weis, American author
  • 1948 – Richard Desjardins, Quebec singer, songwriter and film director
  • 1949 – Erik Estrada, Puerto Rican actor
  • 1949 – Elliott Murphy, American Singer-Songwriter
  • 1949 – Victor Garber, Canadian actor
  • 1950 – Kate Nelligan, Canadian actress
  • 1951 – Joe DeLamielleure, American football player
  • 1952 – Philippe Kahn, French-American entrepreneur
  • 1953 – Isabelle Huppert, French actress
  • 1953 – Richard Stallman, American free software activist
  • 1954 – Jimmy Nail, British actor and singer
  • 1954 – Nancy Wilson, American guitarist, singer, and actress (Heart)
  • 1955 – Jiro Watanabe, Japanese boxer
  • 1955 – Bruno Barreto, Brazilian film director
  • 1958 – Jorge Ramos, Mexican TV anchor
  • 1959 – Flavor Flav, American rapper
  • 1959 – Jens Stoltenberg, Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1960 – Duane Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Todd McFarlane, Canadian cartoonist, comic book writer, artist, and media entrepreneur
  • 1961 – Brett Kenny, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1963 – Jimmy Degrasso, American musician, drummer
  • 1963 – Kevin Smith, New Zealand actor (d. 2002)
  • 1964 – Patty Griffin, American singer and songwriter
  • 1964 – Gore Verbinski, American movie director
  • 1964 – Pascal Richard, Swiss cyclist
  • 1965 – Richard Daniel Roman, English songwriter and record producer
  • 1965 – Belén Rueda, Spanish actress
  • 1967 – Lauren Graham, American actress
  • 1968 – Ananya Khare, Indian actress and teacher
  • 1970 – Paul Oscar, Icelandic pop singer, songwriter and disc jockey
  • 1971 – Alan Tudyk, American actor
  • 1973 – Brant Bjork, American musician (Kyuss)
  • 1974 – Georgios Anatolakis, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Fotini Vavatsi, Greek archer
  • 1975 – Sienna Guillory, English actress
  • 1976 – Nick Spano, American actor
  • 1976 – Abraham Núñez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1977 – Donal Óg Cusack, Irish hurler
  • 1979 – Edison Méndez, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1979 – Rashad Moore, National Football League player
  • 1979 – Leena Peisa, Finnish musician (Lordi)
  • 1980 – Felipe Reyes, Spanish basketball player
  • 1980 – Todd Heap, American football player
  • 1981 – Andrew Bree, Irish swimmer
  • 1981 – Curtis Granderson, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Brandon League, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Levi Brown, American football player
  • 1985 – Nicole Trunfio, Australian supermodel
  • 1986 – Ken Doane, American professional wrestler
  • 1987 – Tiiu Kuik, Estonian model
  • 1987 – Maragret Eno, Professional Irish Dancer
  • 1989 – Theo Walcott, English footballer
  • 1989 – Peaches Geldof, English writer
  • 1990 – James Bulger, British murder victim (d. 1993)
  • 1991 – Wolfgang Van Halen, American musician
  • 1994 – Sierra McClain, American actress and singer

March 16 – Deaths:

  • 37 – Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar, Roman Emperor (b. 46 BC)
  • 455 – Valentinian III, Roman Emperor (b. 419)
  • 1021 – Heribert of Cologne, Archbishop of Cologne and Chancellor of Emperor Otto III
  • 1037 – Robert I, Archbishop of Rouen
  • 1072 – Adalbert of Hamburg, German archbishop
  • 1322 – Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, English soldier (b. 1276)
  • 1410 – John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (b. 1373)
  • 1457 – László Hunyadi, Hungarian statesman and warrior (b. 1433)
  • 1485 – Anne Neville, queen of Richard III of England (b. 1456)
  • 1559 – Anthony St. Leger, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1496)
  • 1649 – Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
  • 1620 – St. John Sarkander, Moravian priest, died of injuries caused by torturing
  • 1679 – John Leverett, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1616)
  • 1721 – James Craggs the Elder, English politician (b. 1657)
  • 1736 – Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Italian composer (b. 1710)
  • 1737 – Benjamin Wadsworth, President of Harvard University (b. 1670)
  • 1738 – George Bähr, German architect (b. 1666)
  • 1747 – Christian Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst, father of Catherine II of Russia (b. 1690)
  • 1888 – Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (b. 1801)
  • 1890 – Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (b. 1864)
  • 1892 – Samuel F. Miller, American politician (b. 1827)
  • 1898 – Aubrey Beardsley, British artist (b. 1872)
  • 1899 – Joseph Medill, mayor of Chicago (b. 1823)
  • 1903 – Roy Bean, American jurist
  • 1914 – Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1843)
  • 1926 – Sergeant Stubby, decorated World War I dog
  • 1930 – Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish dictator (b. 1870)
  • 1935 – John James Richard Macleod, Scottish-born physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1935 – Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian-born chess player (b. 1886)
  • 1936 – Marguerite Durand, French journalist and feminist (b. 1864)
  • 1940 – Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1858)
  • 1945 – Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • 1955 – Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter (b. 1914)
  • 1957 – Constantin Brancusi, Romanian sculptor (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Chen Geng, Chinese military leader (b. 1903)
  • 1968 – Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer (b. 1895)
  • 1968 – Gunnar Ekelöf, Swedish poet and writer (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – Tammi Terrell, American singer (b. 1946)
  • 1971 – Thomas Dewey, American presidential candidate (b. 1902)
  • 1975 – Richard W. DeKorte, American politician (b. 1936)
  • 1975 – T-Bone Walker, American musician (b. 1910)
  • 1977 – Kamal Jumblatt, leader of the Lebanese Druze (b. 1917)
  • 1979 – Jean Monnet, French politician (b. 1888)
  • 1980 – Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-born painter (b. 1898)
  • 1983 – Arthur Godfrey, American actor and television host (b. 1903)
  • 1983 – Fred Rose, Canadian politician (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – John Hoagland, American photographer (b. 1947)
  • 1985 – Eddie Shore, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – Yves Rocard, French physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Roger Lemelin, Quebec novelist and television writer (b. 1919)
  • 1993 – Johnny Cymbal, American singer and producer (b. 1945)
  • 1996 – Charlie Barnett, American actor (b. 1954)
  • 1998 – Derek Harold Richard Barton, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Gratien Gélinas, Quebec playwright and director (b. 1909)
  • 2000 – Thomas Ferebee, Hiroshima bombardier (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Norma MacMillan, Canadian actress (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Bob Wollek, French race car driver (b. 1943)
  • 2003 – Rachel Corrie, American political activist (b. 1979)
  • 2003 – Ronald Ferguson, father of Sarah, Duchess of York (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Vilém Tauský, Czech conductor and composer (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – Todd Bell, American football player (b. 1958)
  • 2005 – Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Anthony George, American TV actor (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Allan Hendrickse, South African politician (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Dick Radatz, American baseball player (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – David Feintuch, American sci-fi author (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi test cricket player (b. 1984)

March 16 – Holidays:

  • Latvia – The controversial Latvian Legion Day
  • The first day of the Bacchanalia in ancient Rome
  • Abban of Magheranoidhe
  • Abban of New Ross
  • Saint Heribert of Cologne (died 1021)
  • Saint Agapitus

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On This Day in History March 15

March 15 – Events:

  • 44 BC – Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.
  • 221 – Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself emperor of Shu-Han and claims his legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty.
  • 351 – Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.
  • 933 – After a ten-year truce, German King Henry I defeats a Hungarian army at the Battle of Riade near the Unstrut river.
  • 1311 – Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.
  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first trip to the Americas.
  • 1545 – First meeting of the Council of Trent.
  • 1672 – Charles II of England issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence.
  • 1776 – South Carolina becomes the first American colony to declare its independence from Great Britain and set up its own government.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Guilford Courthouse – Near present-day Greensboro, North Carolina, 1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis defeat an American force numbering 4,400.
  • 1783 – In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d’etat never takes place.
  • 1820 – Maine becomes the 23rd U.S. state.
  • 1848 – A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
  • 1873 – The Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity is founded at Massachusetts Agricultural College.
  • 1877 – The first Test cricket match begins between England and Australia.
  • 1906 – Rolls-Royce Limited is incorporated.
  • 1916 – President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the U.S.- Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa.
  • 1917 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the Russian throne and his brother the Grand Duke becomes Tsar.
  • 1919 – The American Legion forms in Paris.
  • 1922 – After Egypt gains nominal independence from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.
  • 1926 – The dictator Theodoros Pangalos is elected President of Greece without opposition.
  • 1933 – Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss keeps members of the National Council from convening, starting the austrofascist dictatorship.
  • 1939 – World War II: German troops occupy the remaining part of Bohemia and Moravia; Czechoslovakia ceases to exist.
  • 1943 – World War II: Third Battle of Kharkov – the Germans retake the city of Kharkov from the Soviet armies in bitter street fighting.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino – Allied aircraft bomb the German-held monastery and stage an assault.
  • 1952 – In Cilaos, Réunion, 1870 mm (73 inches) of rain falls in one day, setting a new world record.
  • 1961 – South Africa withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1965 – President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to the Selma crisis, tells U.S. Congress “We shall overcome” while advocating the Voting Rights Act.
  • 1970 – The Expo ’70 world’s fair opens in Osaka, Japan.
  • 1985 – The first Internet domain name is registered (symbolics.com).
  • 1988 – The Halabja poison gas attack of the Iran-Iraq War begins.
  • 1989 – The United States Department of Veterans Affairs is established.
  • 1990 – Gulf War: Iraq hangs British journalist Farzad Bazoft for spying.
  • 1990 – Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first executive president of the Soviet Union.
  • 1990 – The ethnic clashes of Târgu Mures begin on the anniversary of the Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas.
  • 1991 – Germany formally regains complete independence after the four post-World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights.
  • 2003 – Hu Jintao takes over presidency for the People’s Republic of China.

March 15 – Birthdays:

  • 938 – Romanos II, Byzantine emperor (d. 963)
  • 1275 – Margaret Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1318)
  • 1455 – Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1532)
  • 1493 – Anne de Montmorency, Constable of France (d. 1567)
  • 1591 – Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)
  • 1638 – Shunzhi Emperor of China
  • 1666 – George Bähr, German architect (d. 1738)
  • 1684 – Francesco Durante, Italian composer (d. 1755)
  • 1713 – Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (d. 1762)
  • 1767 – Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States (d. 1845)
  • 1779 – Lord Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (d. 1848)
  • 1790 – Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
  • 1791 – Charles Knight, English publisher (d. 1873)
  • 1809 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia (d. 1876)
  • 1809 – Karl Josef von Hefele, German theologian (d. 1893)
  • 1813 – John Snow, English epidemiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1821 – William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)
  • 1821 – Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)
  • 1824 – Jules Chevalier, French priest (d. 1907)
  • 1830 – Paul Heyse, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1914)
  • 1830 – Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)
  • 1831 – Daniel Comboni, Italian missionary (d. 1881)
  • 1835 – Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (d. 1916)
  • 1835 – John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • 1838 – Karl Davydov, Russian cellist (d. 1889)
  • 1851 – William Mitchell Ramsay, Scottish archaeologist (d. 1939)
  • 1852 – Augusta, Lady Gregory, Anglo-Irish dramatist (d. 1932)
  • 1854 – Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1864 – Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian composer (d. 1935)
  • 1866 – Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (d. 1948)
  • 1866 – Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)
  • 1868 – Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Stanislaw Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1874 – Eugène Fiset, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1951)
  • 1882 – Jim Lightbody, American runner (d. 1953)
  • 1884 – Angelos Sikelianos, Greek poet and playwright, Nobel Prize for Literature candidate (d. 1951)
  • 1887 – Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Boris Nikolaevich Delaunay, Russian mathematician (d. 1980)
  • 1892 – James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)
  • 1897 – Jackson Scholz, American runner (d. 1986)
  • 1899 – George Brent, American film actor (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Berthold von Stauffenberg, German lawyer and Nazi opponent (d. 1944)
  • 1907 – Zarah Leander, Swedish actress and singer (d. 1981)
  • 1912 – Lightnin’ Hopkins, American musician (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Louis Paul Boon, Flemish journalist and novelist (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – MacDonald Carey, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Jack Fairman, British racing driver (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Joe E. Ross, American actor and comedian (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – Harry James, American musician and band leader (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Fadil Hoxha, Yugoslav politician (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – Richard Ellmann, American biographer (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – Punch Imlach, Canadian hockey coach and general manager (d. 1987)
  • 1919 – Lawrence Tierney, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1921 – Stafford Smythe, Canadian hockey executive (d. 1971)
  • 1924 – Walter Gotell, German actor (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Bert Bolin, Swedish meteorologist
  • 1926 – Norm Van Brocklin, American football player (d. 1983)
  • 1926 – Ben Johnston, American composer
  • 1927 – Stanislaw Kania, Polish politician
  • 1927 – Carl Smith, American singer
  • 1927 – Christian Marquand, French actor and director (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Cecil Taylor, American jazz pianist
  • 1930 – Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Alan Bean, American astronaut
  • 1933 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1933 – Philippe de Broca, French film director (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Aldo Giorgini, Italian artist
  • 1935 – Judd Hirsch, American actor
  • 1935 – Jimmy Swaggart, American televangelist
  • 1936 – Paul Zindel, American author, playwright, and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Howard Greenfield, American songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1936 – David Andrews, Irish politician
  • 1939 – Jack Whyte, Scottish-Canadian author
  • 1940 – Phil Lesh, American musician (Grateful Dead)
  • 1940 – Frank Dobson, British politician
  • 1941 – Mike Love, American musician (The Beach Boys)
  • 1943 – David Cronenberg, Canadian film director
  • 1943 – Hossein Khosrow Ali Vaziri, aka Iron Sheik, professional wrestler
  • 1944 – Sly Stone, American musician
  • 1944 – Jacques Doillon, French film director
  • 1944 – Chi Cheng, Taiwanese athlete and politician
  • 1945 – A. K. Faezul Huq, Bengali lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Mark J. Green, American public official
  • 1946 – Bobby Bonds, American baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1946 – Masaharu Sato, Japanese seiyu
  • 1946 – Howard E. Scott, American musician (War)
  • 1947 – Ry Cooder, American guitarist
  • 1948 – Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (d. 2003)
  • 1948 – Kate Bornstein, American author
  • 1950 – Jørgen Olsen, Danish singer
  • 1952 – Howard Koh, former Massachusetts Commissioner of Public Health
  • 1953 – Richard Bruton, Irish politician
  • 1954 – Craig Wasson, American actor
  • 1955 – Dee Snider, American singer (Twisted Sister)
  • 1956 – Clay Matthews, American football player
  • 1957 – Park Overall, American actress
  • 1957 – David Silverman, American animator
  • 1957 – Víctor Muñoz, Spanish football manager
  • 1959 – Harold Baines, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Renny Harlin, Finnish film director
  • 1959 – Lisa Holton, American writer
  • 1959 – Fabio Lanzoni, Italian model
  • 1960 – Chris Sanders, American animator and director
  • 1960 – Marco Pennette, American television producer
  • 1961 – Terry Cummings, American basketball player
  • 1961 – Craig Ludwig, American ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Sananda Maitreya (formerly Terence Trent D’Arby), American singer
  • 1962 – Jimmy Baio, American actor
  • 1963 – Bret Michaels, American musician (Poison)
  • 1967 – Naoko Takeuchi, Japanese artist
  • 1968 – Kahimi Karie, Japanese singer
  • 1968 – Mark McGrath, American musician (Sugar Ray)
  • 1968 – Sabrina Salerno, Italian singer
  • 1968 – Jon Schaffer, American guitarist (Iced Earth)
  • 1969 – Rona Ambrose, Canadian politician
  • 1969 – Timo Kotipelto, Finnish musician
  • 1969 – Kim Raver, American actress
  • 1969 – Gianluca Festa, Italian footballer
  • 1969 – Yutaka Take, Japanese jockey
  • 1970 – Derek Parra, American speed skater
  • 1971 – Penny Lancaster, English model
  • 1971 – Joanne Wise, English long jumper
  • 1972 – Mark Hoppus, American musician (+44 and blink-182)
  • 1974 – Robert Fick, baseball player
  • 1975 – Eva Longoria, American actress
  • 1975 – Will.i.am, American musician
  • 1975 – Veselin Topalov, Bulgarian chess player
  • 1975 – Darcy Tucker, Canadian hockey player
  • 1976 – Jose Sanchez Zolliker, Mexican writer
  • 1977 – Joe Hahn, American musician
  • 1977 – Brian Tee, American actor
  • 1978 – Takeru Kobayashi, Japanese competitive eater
  • 1978 – Sid Wilson, American musician (Slipknot)
  • 1979 – Kevin Youkilis, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Freddie Bynum, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Mikael Forssell, Finnish footballer
  • 1981 – Young Buck, American rapper
  • 1982 – Emily Kennard, American actress
  • 1982 – Rafael Perez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1982 – Jordan Hastings, Canadian drummer in the band Alexisonfire
  • 1983 – Sean Biggerstaff, Scottish actor
  • 1983 – Daryl Murphy, Irish footballer
  • 1984 – Kostas Vassiliadis, Greek basketball player
  • 1985 – Antti Autti, Finnish snowboarder
  • 1985 – Eva Amurri, American actress
  • 1985 – Tom Chilton, British racing driver
  • 1987 – Taiwan Brown, video jockey
  • 1988 – Ever Guzman, Mexican footballer
  • 1989 – Caitlin Wachs, American actress

March 15 – Deaths:

  • 44 BC – Julius Caesar (b. 100 BC)
  • 220 – Cao Cao, King of Wei (b. 155)
  • 493 – Odoacer, King of Italy (murdered) (b. 435)
  • 1145 – Pope Lucius II
  • 1311 – Walter V of Brienne, Duke of Athens
  • 1416 – John, Duke of Berry, son of John II of France (b. 1340)
  • 1536 – Pargali Ibrahim Pasha, Grand Vizer under Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1575 – Annibale Padovano, Italian composer (b. 1527)
  • 1644 – Louise Juliana of Nassau, Regent of Bohemia (born 1576)
  • 1670 – John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (b. 1597)
  • 1673 – Salvator Rosa, Italian painter and poet (b. 1615)
  • 1701 – Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer (b. 1624)
  • 1711 – Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (b. 1645)
  • 1820 – Clemens Maria Hofbauer, patron saint of Vienna (b. 1751
  • 1842 – Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (b. 1760)
  • 1849 – Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal and linguist (b. 1774)
  • 1891 – Théodore de Banville, French writer (b. 1823)
  • 1891 – Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (b. 1819)
  • 1898 – Henry Bessemer, English metallurgist (b. 1813)
  • 1914 – Jalaleddin Ali Mir Abolfazl Angha, Sufi master (b. 1849)
  • 1937 – H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (b. 1890)
  • 1941 – Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (b. 1864)
  • 1951 – John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)
  • 1957 – Ernst Nobs, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1886)
  • 1959 – Lester Young, American musician (b. 1909)
  • 1962 – Arthur Compton, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1966 – Abe Saperstein, American basketball executive (b. 1902)
  • 1970 – Tarjei Vesaas, Norwegian writer (b. 1897)
  • 1972 – Aleksandr Ivanovich Laktionov, Russian painter (b. 1910)
  • 1975 – Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate (b. 1900)
  • 1977 – Antonino Rocca, Argentine professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Hubert Aquin, Quebec novelist, political activist and editor (b. 1929)
  • 1981 – René Clair, French film director (b. 1898)
  • 1983 – Rebecca West, English writer (b. 1892)
  • 1985 – Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer (b. 1921)
  • 1988 – Dmitri Polyakov, Soviet double-agent (b. 1926)
  • 1989 – Muhammad Jameel Didi, Maldivian poet (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Farzad Bazoft, Iranian-born journalist (hanged) (b. 1958)
  • 1990 – Tom Harmon, American football player and broadcaster (b. 1919)
  • 1991 – Bud Freeman, American jazz musician (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Mai Zetterling, Swedish actress and director (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Gail Davis, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Victor Vasarely, Hungarian painter (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician and writer (b. 1903)
  • 2001 – Ann Sothern, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 2003 – Dame Thora Hird, British actress (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – Paul Stojanovich, Reality TV pioneer (b. 1956)
  • 2004 – Sir William Pickering, New Zealand-born space scientist (b. 1910)
  • 2004 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Bob Bellear, Australian judge (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Shoji Nishio, Japanese martial artist (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – George Rallis, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Red Storey, Canadian football player and hockey referee (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Charles Harrelson, American hitman and father of Woody Harrelson (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Bowie Kuhn, American commissioner of baseball (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Stuart Rosenberg, American film and television director (b. 1927)
  • 2008 – Vytautas Kernagis, Lithuanian singer, TV shows announcer (b. 1951)

March 15 – Holidays:

  • In the Roman calendar, the Ides of March.
  • International Day Against Police Brutality
  • Constitution Day in Belarus
  • National holiday in Hungary celebrating the 1848 Revolution.
  • In Japan, Honen Matsuri (harvest festival)
  • Saint Clemens Maria Hofbauer (died 1820)
  • Saint Louise of Marillac
  • Saint Leocritia
  • Saint Longinus

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On This Day in History March 14

March 14 – Events:

  • 1489 – The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice.
  • 1590 – Battle of Ivry: Henry of Navarre and the Huguenots defeat the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne during the French Wars of Religion.
  • 1647 – Thirty Years’ War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
  • 1757 – On-board the HMS Monarch, Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty.
  • 1794 – Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.
  • 1869 – Defeat of Titokowaru.
  • 1889 – German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his “Navigable Balloon.
  • 1900 – The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing United States currency on the gold standard.
  • 1903 – The Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate would later reject the treaty.
  • 1910 – Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere.
  • 1915 – World War I: Cornered off the coast of Chile by the Royal Navy after fleeing the Battle of the Falkland Islands, the German light cruiser SMS Dresden is abandoned and scuttled by her crew.
  • 1926 – A train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93.
  • 1939 – German troops fully occupy the Czechoslovak provinces of Bohemia and Moravia.
  • 1942 – John Bumstead and Orvan Hess became the first in the world to successfully treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin.
  • 1943 – World War II – The Kraków Ghetto is ‘liquidated.’
  • 1945 – World War II – The R.A.F. first operational use of the Grand Slam bomb, Bielefeld, Germany.
  • 1951 – Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul.
  • 1964 – A jury in Dallas, Texas find Jack Ruby guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of John F. Kennedy.
  • 1967 – The body of President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1978 – The Israeli Defense Force invades and occupies southern Lebanon, in Operation Litani.
  • 1979 – In China, a Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, killing at least 200.
  • 1980 – In Poland, a plane crashes during an emergency landing near Warsaw, killing 87 people, including a 14-man American boxing team.
  • 1984 – Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast.
  • 1994 – Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released.
  • 1995 – Space Exploration: Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on-board a Russian launch vehicle.
  • 1997 – The Chinese city of Chongqing (formerly Chunking) is upgraded to a centrally administered municipality.
  • 1998 – An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale hits southeastern Iran.
  • 2005 – Cedar Revolution, where one million Lebanese went into the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

March 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1638 – Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710)
  • 1681 – Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (d. 1767)
  • 1790 – Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (d. 1863)
  • 1804 – Johann Strauß, Sr., Austrian composer (d. 1849)
  • 1807 – Josephine of Leuchtenberg, queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1876)
  • 1813 – Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1892)
  • 1822 – Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (d. 1889)
  • 1823 – Théodore de Banville, French writer (d. 1891)
  • 1835 – Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (d. 1910)
  • 1844 – King Umberto I of Italy (d. 1900)
  • 1853 – Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter (d. 1918)
  • 1854 – Paul Ehrlich, German scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1915)
  • 1854 – Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer (d. 1920)
  • 1854 – John Lane, British publisher (d. 1925)
  • 1862 – Vilhelm Bjerknes, Norwegian physicist (d. 1961)
  • 1863 – Casey Jones, American railroad engineer (d. 1900)
  • 1866 – Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist (d. 1942)
  • 1869 – Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951)
  • 1879 – Albert Einstein, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1880 – Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Raoul Lufbery, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1886 – Firmin Lambot, Belgian cyclist (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – Sylvia Beach, American publisher (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Charles Reisner, American silent actor and film director (d. 1962)
  • 1888 – Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (d. 1970)
  • 1894 – Osa Johnson, American explorer (d. 1953)
  • 1898 – Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
  • 1899 – K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (d. 1992)
  • 1903 – Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Adolph Gottlieb American painter (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Doris Eaton Travis, American actress, Ziegfeld girl
  • 1905 – Raymond Aron, French philosopher (d. 1983)
  • 1908 – Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Maurice Merleau-Ponty, French phenomenological philosopher (d. 1961)
  • 1912 – Les Brown, American bandleader (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Charles Van Acker, Belgian racing driver (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Lee Elhardt Hays, American folksinger (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Bill Owen, British actor (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Lee Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Alexander Brott, Canadian conductor and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Horton Foote, American author, playwright and screenwriter
  • 1918 – Dennis Patrick, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – S. Truett Cathy, founder of Chick-fil-A
  • 1922 – Les Baxter, American musician and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Diane Arbus, American photographer (d. 1971)
  • 1925 – William Clay Ford, Sr., American owner of the Detroit Lions
  • 1925 – Francis A. Marzen, American Catholic prelate (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Frank Borman, American astronaut and CEO
  • 1931 – Phil Phillips, American singer and songwriter
  • 1932 – Naina Yeltsina, Russia’s first First Lady
  • 1933 – Sir Michael Caine, British actor
  • 1933 – René Felber, former member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1933 – Quincy Jones, American musician and composer
  • 1934 – Eugene Cernan, American astronaut
  • 1934 – Paul Rader, the 15th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1936 – Bob Charles, New Zealand golfer
  • 1939 – Raymond J. Barry, American actor
  • 1939 – Bertrand Blier, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Stavros Xarhakos, Greek composer
  • 1939 – Pilar Bardem, Spanish actress
  • 1941 – Wolfgang Petersen, German director
  • 1942 – Rita Tushingham, British actress
  • 1943 – Anita Morris, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1945 – Jasper Carrott, British comedian
  • 1945 – Michael Martin Murphey, American country music singer
  • 1945 – Walter Parazaider, American saxophonist Chicago
  • 1946 – Steve Kanaly, American actor
  • 1947 – Pam Ayres, British poet
  • 1947 – William J. Jefferson, American politician
  • 1948 – Billy Crystal, American actor and comedian
  • 1950 – Rick Dees, American disc jockey
  • 1951 – Jerry Greenfield, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream
  • 1956 – Jonathan Bowen, British computer scientist
  • 1956 – Colin Ayre, British football player
  • 1957 – Andrew Robinson, British author
  • 1957 – Tad Williams, American author
  • 1958 – Albert II, Prince of Monaco
  • 1959 – Tamara Tunie, American actress
  • 1960 – Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1961 – Greg Anderson, American NHRA driver
  • 1961 – Penny Johnson Jerald, American actress
  • 1961 – Hiro Matsushita, Japanese racing driver
  • 1963 – Bruce Reid, Australian cricketer
  • 1965 – James Kevin Brown, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Catherine Dent, American actress
  • 1965 – Aamir Khan, Indian actor
  • 1965 – Kiana Tom, American fitness guru and model
  • 1965 – Kevin Williamson, American screenwriter
  • 1966 – Elise Neal, American actress
  • 1968 – Megan Follows, Canadian actress
  • 1969 – Larry Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Ebru Kavaklioglu, Russian athlete
  • 1970 – Meredith Salenger, American actress
  • 1974 – Patrick Traverse, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Stephen Harper, British/English footballer
  • 1975 – Johan Paulik (aka Daniel Ferencík), Slovak porn star
  • 1975 – Wendy Rice, American actress
  • 1976 – Merlin Santana, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1977 – Aki Hoshino, Japanese model
  • 1978 – Pieter van den Hoogenband, Dutch swimmer
  • 1979 – Nicolas Anelka, French footballer
  • 1979 – Chris Klein, American actor
  • 1979 – Love, Angolan footballer
  • 1979 – Sead Ramovic, German-born Bosnian footballer
  • 1980 – Aaron Brown, British/English footballer
  • 1980 – Matteo Grassotto, Italian racing driver
  • 1980 – Ben Herring, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1980 – Mercedes McNab, Canadian-born actress
  • 1981 – Bobby Jenks, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Mei-Ting Sun, Chinese-born pianist
  • 1982 – Carlos Marinelli, Argentine footballer
  • 1983 – Bakhtiyar Artayev, Kazakh boxer
  • 1983 – Taylor Hanson, American musician, member of Hanson
  • 1985 – Eva Angelina, American porn star
  • 1985 – Idaira, Spanish singer
  • 1985 – Brianna Love, American porn Star
  • 1986 – Jamie Bell, British actor
  • 1986 – Elton Chigumbura, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986 – Andy Taylor, British/English footballer

March 14 – Deaths:

  • 752 – Pope Zachary
  • 968 – Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen (c. 895)
  • 1457 – Jingtai Emperor of China (b. 1428)
  • 1471 – Sir Thomas Malory, English author (b. 1405)
  • 1647 – Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange (b. 1584)
  • 1648 – Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (b. 1584)
  • 1680 – René Le Bossu, French critic (b. 1631)
  • 1682 – Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruysdael, Dutch painter (b. 1628)
  • 1696 – Jean Domat, French jurist (b. 1625)
  • 1698 – Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman (b. 1622)
  • 1748 – George Wade, British military leader (b. 1673)
  • 1757 – John Byng, British admiral (executed) (b. 1704)
  • 1791 – Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)
  • 1803 – Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German writer (b. 1724)
  • 1805 – Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki, Russian general (b. 1753)
  • 1811 – Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1735)
  • 1823 – Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)
  • 1883 – Karl Marx, German philosopher and political theorist (b. 1818)
  • 1884 – Quintino Sella, Italian statesman (b. 1827)
  • 1932 – George Eastman, American inventor, and founder of Eastman Kodak (b. 1854)
  • 1946 – Werner von Blomberg, field marshal (b. 1878)
  • 1949 – John Callan O’Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 1957 – Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter (b. 1938)
  • 1973 – Howard Aiken, American engineer (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Rafael Godoy, Colombian composer (b. 1907)
  • 1973 – Chic Young, American cartoonist (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1976 – Busby Berkeley, American choreographer and director (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (b. 1917)
  • 1980 – Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Maurice Ronet, French film actor (b. 1927)
  • 1989 – Edward Abbey, American author and environmental activist (b. 1927)
  • 1991 – Howard Ashman, American lyricist and playwright (b. 1950)
  • 1991 – Doc Pomus, American composer (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Margery Sharp, children’s author (b. 1905)
  • 1992 – Jean Poiret, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – William Alfred Fowler, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born director (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Kirk Alyn, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 2002 – Cherry Wilder, New Zealand-born author (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Jack Goldstein, Canadian-born artist (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Jean-Luc Lagardère, French publisher (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Lennart Meri, former president of Estonia (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Lucie Aubrac, French history teacher and member of the French Resistance (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Gareth Hunt, English actor (b. 1943)
  • 2008 – Chiara Lubich, Italian Catholic activist and leader and foundress of the Focolare (b. 1920)

March 14 – Holidays:

  • Albania – Summer Day: Albanian holiday Summer is celebrated in this day in Elbasan and its surroundings.
  • Japan and Korea – White Day: Japanese holiday similar to Valentine’s Day (men give gifts to women).
  • Roman Empire – Equirria, horse races in honor of Mars were held.
  • Worldwide – Pi Day, a celebration of the irrational number pi which roughly equals 3.14159.
  • Estonia – Estonian language day
  • Saint Mathilda
  • Saint Paulina

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On This Day in History March 13

March 13 – Events:

  • 1138 – Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected Antipope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.
  • 1639 – Harvard College is named for clergyman John Harvard.
  • 1781 – William Herschel discovers Uranus.
  • 1845 – Felix Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto is premièred in Leipzig with Ferdinand David as soloist.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers from returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: The Confederate States of America agree to the use of black troops.
  • 1881 – Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him.
  • 1884 – The siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins, ending on January 26, 1885.
  • 1897 – San Diego State University is founded.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.
  • 1900 – In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
  • 1921 – Mongolia, under Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg, declares its independence from China.
  • 1925 – Scopes Trial: A law in Tennessee prohibits the teaching of evolution.
  • 1930 – The news of the discovery of Pluto is telegraphed to the Harvard College Observatory.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: Banks in the U.S. begin to re-open after President Franklin D. Roosevelt mandated a “bank holiday.”
  • 1938 – World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • 1940 – The Russo-Finnish Winter War ends.
  • 1943 – World War II: In Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on American forces at Hill 700.
  • 1943 – The Holocaust: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.
  • 1957 – Cuban student revolutionaries storm the presidential palace in Havana in a failed attempt on the life of President Fulgencio Batista.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.
  • 1979 – The New Jewel Movement, headed by Maurice Bishop, ousts Prime Minister Eric Gairy in a nearly bloodless coup d’etat in Grenada.
  • 1986 – Microsoft has its initial public offering.
  • 1989 – A geomagnetic storm causes the collapse of the Hydro-Québec power grid. Six million people were left without power for nine hours.
  • 1991 – The United States Justice Department announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
  • 1992 – An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
  • 1996 – Dunblane massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by a spree killer who then commits suicide.
  • 1997 – India’s Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
  • 1997 – The Phoenix lights were seen over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television.
  • 2003 – Human evolution: The journal Nature reports 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.
  • 2005 – Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.
  • 2008 – Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.

March 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1372 – Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)
  • 1615 – Pope Innocent XII (d. 1700)
  • 1683 – John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
  • 1700 – Michel Blavet, French flutist (d. 1768)
  • 1719 – John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)
  • 1720 – Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
  • 1733 – Joseph Priestley, English scientist and minister (d. 1804)
  • 1741 – Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1790)
  • 1763 – Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (d. 1815)
  • 1764 – Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1845)
  • 1770 – Daniel Lambert, Englishman famous for his obesity (d. 1809)
  • 1781 – Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect (d. 1841)
  • 1784 – Jean Moufot, French philosopher and mathematician (d. 1842)
  • 1798 – Abigail Fillmore, First Lady of the United States (d. 1853)
  • 1815 – James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
  • 1825 – Hans Gude, Norwegian romanticist landscape painter (d. 1903)
  • 1855 – Percival Lowell, American astronomer (d. 1916)
  • 1860 – Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
  • 1864 – Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1870 – Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
  • 1883 – Enrico Toselli, Italian (Florentine) composer and pianist(d. 1926)
  • 1884 – Sir Hugh Walpole, English novelist (d. 1941)
  • 1890 – Fritz Busch, German conductor (d. 1951)
  • 1898 – Henry Hathaway, American film director and producer (d. 1985)
  • 1899 – John Hasbrouck van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1980)
  • 1899 – Jan Lechon, Polish poet (d. 1956)
  • 1900 – Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Mircea Eliade, Romanian historian of religions and writer (d. 1986)
  • 1908 – Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Sammy Kaye, American musician (d. 1987)
  • 1911 – L. Ron Hubbard, American science fiction author and founder of Scientology (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – William Casey, American CIA director (d. 1987)
  • 1913 – Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer
  • 1914 – Edward O’Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
  • 1914 – W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Al Jaffee, American cartoonist
  • 1923 – William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)
  • 1926 – Raúl Alfonsín, President of Argentina
  • 1926 – Roy Haynes, American jazz drummer
  • 1926 – Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Robert Denning, American interior designer (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Peter Breck, American actor
  • 1930 – Jan Howard, American singer
  • 1930 – Liz Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1933 – Mike Stoller, American songwriter
  • 1934 – Barry Hughart, American author
  • 1935 – Joseph Mascolo, American actor
  • 1935 – Leslie Parrish, American actress
  • 1935 – Michael Walzer, American philosopher
  • 1938 – Erma Franklin, American singer (d. 2002)
  • 1939 – Neil Sedaka, American singer and songwriter
  • 1942 – Dave Cutler, American software engineer
  • 1942 – Geoffrey Hayes, English television presenter and actor
  • 1942 – Scatman John, (real name John Larkin) American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1943 – André Téchiné, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician
  • 1946 – Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier (d. 1976)
  • 1947 – Beat Richner, Swiss physician and cellist
  • 1948 – Robert S. Woods, American actor
  • 1949 – Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (d. 1974)
  • 1949 – Julia Migenes, American soprano
  • 1950 – William H. Macy, American actor
  • 1951 – Fred Berry, American actor and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1952 – Wolfgang Rihm, German composer
  • 1953 – Deborah Raffin, American actress
  • 1955 – Bruno Conti, Italian footballer
  • 1955 – Glenne Headly, American actress
  • 1956 – Dana Delany, American actress
  • 1957 – Steve Lake, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Linda Robson, English actress.
  • 1960 – Yuri Andrukhovych, Ukrainian writer, poet and political essayist
  • 1960 – Adam Clayton, Irish bassist (U2)
  • 1960 – Joe Ranft, American animator (d. 2005)
  • 1963 – Fito Páez, Argentine musician and songwriter
  • 1964 – Will Clark, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (d. 1994)
  • 1968 – Akira Nogami, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Tim Story, American film director
  • 1971 – Annabeth Gish, American actress
  • 1971 – Robert Lanham, American author and satirist
  • 1972 – Common, American rapper
  • 1973 – Edgar Davids, Dutch footballer
  • 1973 – David Draiman, American musician and songwriter (Disturbed)
  • 1973 – Bobby Jackson, American basketballer
  • 1974 – Thomas Enqvist, Swedish tennis player
  • 1974 – Vampeta, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – James Dewees, musician
  • 1976 – Danny Masterson, American actor
  • 1977 – Ed Sloan, American musician (Crossfade)
  • 1977 – Momo Sylla, Guinean footballer
  • 1977 – Kay Tse, Hong Kong singer
  • 1978 – Tom Danielson, American cyclist
  • 1978 – Karina Smirnoff, Ukrainian dancer
  • 1979 – Johan Santana, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1979 – Spanky G, American musician (Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1980 – Caron Butler, American basketballer
  • 1980 – Lee Jung-hyun, South Korean pop singer and actress
  • 1980 – Molly Stanton, American actress
  • 1981 – Stephen Maguire, Scottish snooker player
  • 1983 – Kaitlin Sandeno, American swimmer
  • 1984 – Pieter Custers, Dutch athlete
  • 1984 – Noel Fisher, Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Yuuka Nanri, Japanese seiyu
  • 1984 – Marc Zwiebler, German badminton player
  • 1985 – Emile Hirsch, American actor
  • 1985 – Austin Scott, American football player
  • 1985 – Alcides Brazilian football player
  • 1986 – Chiaki Kyan, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1989 – Harry Melling, British actor
  • 1999 – Wiktoria Gasiewska, Polish actress

March 13 – Deaths:

  • 1271 – Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
  • 1395 – John Barbour, Scottish poet
  • 1516 – King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (b. 1456)
  • 1569 – Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French Huguenot general (b. 1530)
  • 1573 – Michel de l’Hôpital, French statesman
  • 1604 – Arnaud d’Ossat, French diplomat and writer (b. 1537)
  • 1619 – Richard Burbage, English actor (b. 1567)
  • 1711 – Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (b. 1636)
  • 1773 – Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)
  • 1778 – Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
  • 1803 – William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
  • 1808 – King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
  • 1842 – Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
  • 1854 – Jean-Baptiste Guillaume Joseph, comte de Villèle, French statesman (b. 1773)
  • 1879 – Adolf Anderssen, German chess player (b. 1818)
  • 1881 – Tsar Alexander II of Russia (b. 1818)
  • 1884 – Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University
  • named for him (b. 1868)
  • 1901 – Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (b. 1833)
  • 1906 – Susan B. Anthony, American women’s suffrage activist (b. 1820)
  • 1911 – John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – César Cui, Russian composer (b. 1835)
  • 1925 – Lucille Ricksen, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1938 – Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)
  • 1938 – Clarence Darrow, American attorney (b. 1857)
  • 1941 – Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (b. 1881)
  • 1943 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
  • 1949 – Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
  • 1955 – King Tribhuvan of Nepal (b. 1906)
  • 1963 – Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)
  • 1964 – Kitty Genovese, American murder victim (b. 1935)
  • 1965 – Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
  • 1965 – Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1965 – Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
  • 1975 – Ivo Andric, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1983 – Louison Bobet, French cyclist (b. 1925)
  • 1988 – John Holmes, American porn star (b. 1944)
  • 1990 – Bruno Bettelheim, American psychiatrist (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Karl Münchinger, German conductor (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Leon Day, American baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Odette, French-born WWII heroine (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Krzysztof Kieslowski, Polish film director (b. 1941)
  • 1998 – Bill Reid, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Hans von Ohain, German engineer (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Lee Falk, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Garson Kanin, American writer and director (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Bidu Sayão, Brazilian born soprano (b. 1902)
  • 2001 – Henry Lee Lucas of heart failure major serial killer, 63 years old
  • 2002 – Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 2004 – Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
  • 2006 – Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish footballer (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Maureen Stapleton, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Peter Tomarken, American game show host (Press Your Luck) (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Arnold Skaaland, American professional wrestler (b. 1925)

March 13 – Holidays:

  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Gerald
    • Saint Nicephorus
    • Saint Roderick
    • Saint Leticia
    • In the Greek Orthodox Church:
      • Saint Nicephorus

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Kindle Reset Instructions

I am going to set this message up to go out monthly for each of my blogs: if you’ve seen it before and know what I’m talking about, or if you’re just plain ‘ole tired of seeing it don’t worry – I’ll be back with a new post soon.

Don’t have a Kindle? Well, you should get one! They range in price from $79 – $379 depending upon the number of bells and whistles you get. You can click here to give the kind of Kindle I use a look.

There seems to be a Kindle problem for a lot of folks – that is, what do you need to do if (a) this or any other blog or newspaper all of a sudden stops updating each day on the Kindle, and (b) you can see the blog or newspaper post in the to be downloaded list of the “Manage Your Kindle” section of the Amazon website and for some unexplained reason it doesn’t show up on your Kindle..

You will need to write this down, or try to memorize it, because if it happens to you I’m willing to bet you won’t remember unless you’ve reset your Kindle a few times!

If you would like to print this out, click here to read my post on the Free Kindle Books and Tips blog to how to capture screen shots on your Kindle.

If this happens to you, you will need to reboot your Kindle. Here is how you do it:

  1. Click the “Home” button to get back to your home screen.
  2. Click the “Menu” button, and select “Settings.”
  3. You will see several options, but “reboot” is not one of those options. Press the “Menu” button again.
  4. You will have several options, but choose and click the “Restart” button.

Once you do that, it will take about 1-2 minutes to reboot. Make sure your wireless is on, and the Kindle will go look in the Amazon store to see what is pending to be downloaded and viola! You should be back in business. If you ever need to restart your Kindle, I hope this helps!

 

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