Monthly Archives: March 2012

On This Day in History March 24

March 24 – Events:

  • 1401 – Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus.
  • 1603 – James VI of Scotland also becomes James I King of England.
  • 1731 – An Act to naturalize Hieronimus De Salis Esquire, passed.
  • 1765 – American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain passes the Quartering Act that requires the 13 American colonies to house British troops.
  • 1832 – In Hiram, Ohio a group of men beat, tar and feather Mormon leader Joseph Smith, Jr.
  • 1837 – Canada gives African men the right to vote.
  • 1868 – Metropolitan Life Insurance Company is formed.
  • 1878 – The British frigate HMS Eurydice sinks, killing more than 300.
  • 1882 – Robert Koch announces the discovery of the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis (mycobacterium tuberculosis).
  • 1898 – Robert Allison of Port Carbon, Pennsylvania becomes the first person to buy an American-built automobile when he buys a Winton automobile that was advertised in Scientific American.
  • 1900 – New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground “Rapid Transit Railroad” that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
  • 1923 – Greece becomes a republic.
  • 1934 – U.S. Congress passes Tydings-McDuffie Act.
  • 1944 – German troops kill 335 Italian civilians in the Ardeatine Massacre in Rome.
  • 1944 – In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 prisoners begin breaking out of Stalag Luft III.
  • 1959 – The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
  • 1965 – NASA spacecraft Ranger 9, equipped to convert its signals into a form suitable for showing on domestic television, brings images of the Moon into ordinary homes before crash-landing.
  • 1972 – The United Kingdom imposes “Direct Rule” over Northern Ireland.
  • 1973 – Kenyan track runner Kip Keino defeats Jim Ryun at the first-ever professional track meet in Los Angeles, sanctioned by the International Track Association.
  • 1976 – Argentina’s military forces depose president Isabel Perón and start the National Reorganization Process.
  • 1980 – Archbishop Óscar Romero is killed by right-wing terrorists while celebrating Mass in San Salvador.
  • 1989 – Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Alaska’s Prince William Sound the Exxon Valdez spills 240,000 barrels (42,000 m³) of petroleum after running aground.
  • 1998 – Jonesboro massacre: Two students, ages 11 and 13, fire upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people are dead and ten are wounded.
  • 1998 – Tornado sweeps through Dantan in India killing 250 people and injuring 3,000 others.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: NATO commences air bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.
  • 1999 – Mont Blanc Tunnel Fire: 39 people died when a Belgian transport truck carrying flour and margarine caught fire in Mont Blanc Tunnel.
  • 2000 – The S&P 500 reaches an all-time high of 1527.46.
  • 2003 – The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.
  • 2006 – Long-term protests in Belarus are broken by police.
  • 2006 – Pope Benedict XVI adds 15 men to the College of Cardinals, in the first consistory of his Pontificate.
  • 2007 – The Australian Labor Party is reinstated after the NSW state elections.

March 24 – Birthdays:

  • 1494 – Georg Agricola, German scientist (d. 1555)
  • 1607 – Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, Dutch admiral (d. 1667)
  • 1628 – Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1685)
  • 1657 – Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (d. 1725)
  • 1693 – John Harrison, British clockmaker (d. 1776)
  • 1725 – Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (d. 1813)
  • 1725 – Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1788)
  • 1782 – Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (d. 1836)
  • 1796 – John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (d. 1878)
  • 1809 – Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (d. 1837)
  • 1809 – Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (d. 1882)
  • 1820 – A. E. Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1891)
  • 1820 – Fanny Crosby, American hymnist (d. 1915)
  • 1828 – Horace Gray, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1902)
  • 1829 – George Francis Train, American businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1829 – Ignacio Zaragoza, Mexican general (d. 1862)
  • 1830 – Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)
  • 1834 – William Morris, English writer and designer (d. 1896)
  • 1834 – John Wesley Powell, American explorer and environmentalist (d. 1902)
  • 1835 – Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist (d. 1893)
  • 1848 – Honoré Beaugrand, Quebec journalist and newspaper publisher (La Patrie) (d. 1906)
  • 1850 – Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
  • 1855 – Andrew Mellon, American financier (d. 1937)
  • 1855 – Olive Schreiner, South African writer (d. 1920)
  • 1874 – Harry Houdini, (Weisz Erik), Hungarian-born magician (d. 1926)
  • 1884 – Peter Debye, Dutch chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Athenagoras I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Roscoe Arbuckle, American actor (d. 1933)
  • 1888 – Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (d. 1922)
  • 1889 – Albert Hill, British athlete (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Soviet physicist (d. 1951)
  • 1893 – George Sisler, American baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1893 – Walter Baade, German astronomer (d. 1960)
  • 1897 – Wilhelm Reich, Austrian-born psychotherapist (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)
  • 1902 – Thomas Dewey, American politician (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Adolf Butenandt, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1903 – Malcolm Muggeridge, British author and scholar (d. 1990)
  • 1906 – Klavdiya Shulzhenko, Soviet singer (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Paul Sauvé, Quebec politician (d. 1960)
  • 1909 – Clyde Barrow, American crime figure (d. 1934)
  • 1910 – Richard Conte, American actor (d. 1975)
  • 1911 – Joseph Barbera, American cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (d. 1963)
  • 1916 – Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Constantine Andreou, Greek-Brazilian artist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American author and publisher
  • 1919 – Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Gene Nelson, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Vasily Smyslov, Russian chess player
  • 1922 – Onna White, Canadian choreographer (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Murray Hamilton, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1924 – Norman Fell, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Puig Aubert, French rugby league footballer (d. 1994)
  • 1926 – Dario Fo, Italian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1927 – Martin Walser, German author
  • 1928 – Byron Janis, American pianist
  • 1930 – David Dacko, 1st President of the Central African Republic (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Agustín González, Spanish actor (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Steve McQueen, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1934 – William Smith, American actor
  • 1935 – Peter Bichsel, Swiss writer
  • 1936 – David Suzuki, Canadian scientist and environmentalist
  • 1937 – Billy Stewart, American singer (d. 1970)
  • 1938 – Holger Czukay, German musician (Can)
  • 1938 – David Irving, British historian
  • 1940 – Bob Mackie, American fashion designer
  • 1940 – Don Jardine, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – R. Lee Ermey, American actor
  • 1944 – Vojislav Koštunica, Serbian Prime Minister
  • 1945 – Robert T. Bakker, American paleontologist
  • 1945 – Curtis Hanson, American film director
  • 1946 – Klaus Dinger, German musician (Neu!, Kraftwerk)
  • 1947 – Meiko Kaji, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1947 – Alan Sugar, English businessman
  • 1949 – Nick Lowe, British musician
  • 1951 – Pat Bradley, American golfer
  • 1951 – Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer
  • 1951 – Dougie Thomson, British bassist (Supertramp)
  • 1953 – Louie Anderson, American comedian
  • 1954 – Robert Carradine, American actor
  • 1954 – Donna Pescow, American actress
  • 1955 – Doug Jarvis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1957 – Pierre Harvey, Quebec cyclist and cross-country skier
  • 1958 – Mike Woodson, American basketball player and head coach
  • 1958 – El Duce, American drummer/singer The Mentors (d. 1997)
  • 1960 – Kelly LeBrock, American actress
  • 1960 – Barry Horowitz, American professional wrestler
  • 1960 – Nena, German singer
  • 1960 – Scott Pruett, American race car driver
  • 1961 – Dean Jones, Australian cricketer
  • 1962 – Star Jones Reynolds, American television personality
  • 1962 – Angèle Dubeau, Quebec violinist
  • 1964 – Annabella Sciorra, American actress
  • 1965 – The Undertaker, American professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Gurmit Singh, Singaporean actor
  • 1969 – Houston, American pornographic actress
  • 1970 – Lara Flynn Boyle, American actress
  • 1970 – Sharon Corr, Irish musician (The Corrs)
  • 1970 – Judith Draxler, Austrian swimmer
  • 1972 – Steve Karsay, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Jacek Bak, Polish footballer
  • 1973 – Steve Corica, Australian soccer player
  • 1974 – Chad Butler, American drummer (Switchfoot)
  • 1974 – Alyson Hannigan, American actress
  • 1975 – Thomas Johansson, Swedish tennis player
  • 1976 – Aaron Brooks, American football player
  • 1976 – Peyton Manning, American football player
  • 1976 – Aliou Cissé, Senegalese footballer
  • 1976 – Athanasios Kostoulas, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Darren Lockyer, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1977 – Corneille, Canadian-Rwandan singer
  • 1978 – Michael Braun, Australian Football League player (West Coast Eagles)
  • 1979 – Graeme Swann, English cricketer
  • 1979 – Periklis Iakovakis, Greek athlete
  • 1980 – Tassos Venetis, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Ron Hainsey, American hockey player
  • 1982 – Dustin McGowan, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Corey Hart, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Nivea Hamilton, American R&B singer.
  • 1983 – T.J. Ford, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Chris Bosh, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Haruka Ayase, Japanese actress and model
  • 1986 – Kohei Hirate, Japanese racing driver
  • 1986 – Anthony McMahon, English footballer
  • 1988 – Ryan Higgins, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1990 – Keisha Castle-Hughes, Australian-born New Zealand actress

March 24 – Deaths:

  • 809 – Harun al-Rashid, Abbasid caliph (b. 763)
  • 1284 – King Hugh III of Cyprus
  • 1361 – Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, English soldier and diplomat
  • 1381 – Catherine of Sweden, Swedish saint
  • 1396 – Walter Hilton, English mystic
  • 1455 – Pope Nicholas V (b. 1397)
  • 1558 – Anna of Egmond, Countess of Egmond and Buren (b. 1533)
  • 1563 – Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader (b. 1514)
  • 1575 – Yosef Karo, Spanish-born rabbi (b. 1488)
  • 1603 – Queen Elizabeth I of England (b. 1533)
  • 1653 – Samuel Scheidt, German composer (b. 1587)
  • 1773 – Philip Dormer Stanhope, English statesman (b. 1694)
  • 1776 – John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)
  • 1869 – Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
  • 1881 – Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
  • 1882 – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American author (b. 1807)
  • 1887 – Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic (b. 1837)
  • 1888 – Vsevolod Garshin, Russian author (b. 1855)
  • 1905 – Jules Verne, French author (b. 1828)
  • 1909 – John Millington Synge, Irish playwright (b. 1871)
  • 1915 – Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (b. 1846)
  • 1916 – Enrique Granados, Spanish composer (b. 1867)
  • 1921 – Larry McLean, Canadian baseball player (b. 1881)
  • 1944 – Orde Wingate, British soldier (b. 1903)
  • 1946 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (b. 1892)
  • 1948 – Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (b. 1885)
  • 1950 – James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (b. 1865)
  • 1953 – Mary of Teck, queen consort to George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)
  • 1962 – Jean Goldkette, Greek-born musician (b. 1899)
  • 1962 – Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist and explorer (b. 1884)
  • 1968 – Alice Guy-Blaché, American film director (b. 1873)
  • 1976 – Bernard Montgomery, British field marshal (b. 1887)
  • 1980 – Óscar Romero, Archbishop of El Salvador (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Sam Jaffe, American actor (b. 1891)
  • 1990 – Ray Goulding, American comedian (b. 1922)
  • 1990 – An Wang, Chinese-born computer innovator (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Sir John Kerr, 18th Governor General of Australia (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – John Hersey, American author (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Martin Caidin, American writer noted for his focus on aviation (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Harold Melvin, American singer (Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes) (b. 1939)
  • 1999 – Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women’s leader (b. 1902)
  • 1999 – Birdie Tebbetts, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Muriel Young, English TV entertainer (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – César Milstein, Argentine scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Lynne Perrie, English actress (b. 1931)

March 24 – Holidays:

  • Ancient Latvia – Kazimiras Diena observed.
  • World Tuberculosis Day.
  • Labor Day Melbourne, Australia
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Macartan
    • Saint Simeon (d. 1475)
    • Saint Catharine of Sweden (d. 1381)

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History March 23

 March 23 – Events:

  • 1174 – Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow.
  • 1568 – Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. Again Catherine de’ Medici and Charles IX of France make substantial concessions to the Huguenots.
  • 1708 – James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his famous speech -”give me liberty or give me death” at St. John’s Church in Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1801 – Tsar Paul I of Russia is struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael’s Castle.
  • 1806 – After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their “Corps of Discovery” begin their arduous journey home.
  • 1821 – Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1848 – The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1857 – Elisha Otis’s first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
  • 1868 – The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
  • 1889 – Land run: President Benjamin Harrison opens Oklahoma to white settlement starting on April 22.
  • 1889 – The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London.
  • 1889 – The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • 1896 – The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels
  • 1903 – The Wright Brothers apply for a patent on their invention of one of the first successful airplanes.
  • 1908 – American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in hospital two days later
  • 1909 – Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
  • 1919 – In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
  • 1931 – Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.
  • 1933 – The Reichstag passes the Enabling act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
  • 1935 – Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
  • 1940 – The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
  • 1942 – World War II: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands.
  • 1956 – Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day in Pakistan)
  • 1962 – NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship, was launched as a showcase for Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Atoms for Peace initiative.
  • 1965 – NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States’ first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
  • 1978 – The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon for peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line.
  • 1980 – Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
  • 1982 – Guatemala’s government, headed by Fernando Romeo Lucas García is overthrown in a military coup by right-wing General Efraín Ríos Montt.
  • 1983 – Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
  • 1989 – Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce cold fusion at the University of Utah.
  • 1994 – At an election rally in Tijuana, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.
  • 1994 – Aeroflot Flight 593 crashes in Siberia when the pilot’s fifteen-year old son accidentally disengages the autopilot, killing 75.
  • 1994 – A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing a group of 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground later to become known as the Green Ramp Disaster.
  • 1996 – Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
  • 1999 – Gunmen assassinate Paraguay’s Vice President Luis María Argaña.
  • 2001 – The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
  • 2003 – In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • 2003 – The Australian cricket team defeats India in the cricket World cup to win their second successive Cricket World Cup.
  • 2005 – The United States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-1 decision, refuses to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube.
  • 2005 – A major explosion at the Texas City Refinery kills 15 workers.
  • 2006 – Federal Reserve discontinues publishing M3 money supply.
  • 2007 – Iranian Navy seize Royal Navy personnel in Iraqi waters.

March 23 – Birthdays:

  • 1429 – Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI of England (d. 1482)
  • 1638 – Frederik Ruysch, Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1731)
  • 1645 – William Kidd, Pirate Legend From Scotland (d. 1701)
  • 1699 – John Bartram, American botanist (d. 1777)
  • 1723 – Agha Mohammad Khan Ghajar, King of Iran (d. 1771)
  • 1732 – Marie Adélaïde of France, daughter of Louis XV (d. 1800)
  • 1749 – Pierre Simon de Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1827)
  • 1754 – Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1769 – William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (d. 1839)
  • 1769 – Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (d. 1832)
  • 1823 – Schuyler Colfax, Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1826 – Léon Minkus, German/Czech composer and violinist (d. 1917)
  • 1831 – Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
  • 1834 – Julius Reubke, German composer (d. 1858)
  • 1858 – Ludwig Quidde, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1941)
  • 1868 – Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)
  • 1878 – Franz Schreker, Austrian composer (d. 1934)
  • 1880 – Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • 1881 – Roger Martin du Gard, French writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1881 – Hermann Staudinger, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1882 – Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • 1887 – Juan Gris, Spanish artist (d. 1927)
  • 1887 – Josef Capek, Czech writer (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Prince Felix Yussupov, Russian assassin of Rasputin (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – Cedric Gibbons, American art director (d. 1960)
  • 1899 – Dora Gerson, German actress and singer (d. 1943)
  • 1900 – Erich Fromm, German-born psychoanalyst (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – H. Beam Piper, American science fiction author (d. 1964)
  • 1905 – Lale Andersen, German singer and cabaretist (d. 1972)
  • 1905 – Joan Crawford, American actress (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1910 – Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Wernher von Braun, German-born physicist and engineer (d. 1977)
  • 1915 – Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II hero (d. 1991)
  • 1919 – Carl Graffunder, mid-century modernist architect
  • 1920 – Neal Smith, former United States Congressman
  • 1921 – Donald Campbell, British car and motorboat racer (d. 1967)
  • 1922 – Marty Allen, American comedian and actor
  • 1922 – Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor, director and screenwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1924 – Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor (d. 1980)
  • 1925 – David Watkin, English cinematographer
  • 1929 – Sir Roger Bannister, English runner
  • 1931 – Yevgenij Grishin, Russian speed skater (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Viktor Korchnoi, Russian chess player
  • 1932 – Don Marshall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1933 – Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist, known for the Stanford prison experiment
  • 1934 – Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician
  • 1934 – Fernand Gignac, Canadian singer and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1934 – Mark Rydell, American film and television director
  • 1937 – Craig Breedlove, American land speed record holder
  • 1937 – Robert Gallo, American physician
  • 1938 – Maynard Jackson, first black mayor of Atlanta (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Pepe Lienhard, Swiss band leader and entertainer
  • 1941 – Jim Trelease, American educator and children’s literature author
  • 1942 – Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
  • 1943 – Lee May, former Major League Baseball player
  • 1943 – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish writer (d. 2001)
  • 1944 – Michael Nyman, British minimalist composer
  • 1944 – Tony McPhee, English singer and guitarist (The Groundhogs)
  • 1945 – Franco Battiato, Italian singer, songwriter and filmmaker
  • 1948 – David Olney, American musician
  • 1949 – Ric Ocasek, American musician (The Cars)
  • 1950 – Anthony De Longis, American actor
  • 1950 – Corinne Clery, French actress
  • 1951 – Ron Jaworski, American football player and analyst
  • 1952 – Kim Stanley Robinson, American author
  • 1953 – Bo Diaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1953 – Chaka Khan, American singer
  • 1954 – Geno Auriemma, American basketball coach
  • 1955 – Moses Malone, American basketball player
  • 1955 – Petrea Burchard, American actress
  • 1956 – José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese politician, president of the European Commission
  • 1957 – Amanda Plummer, American actress
  • 1957 – Robbie James, Welsh footballer (d. 1998)
  • 1958 – El Duce, American singer and drummer (The Mentors) (d. 1997)
  • 1960 – Nicol Stephen, Deputy First Minister of Scotland
  • 1961 – Helmi Johannes, Indonesian television newscaster
  • 1962 – Steve Redgrave, British rower, 5 Olympic Gold Medals
  • 1964 – Hope Davis, American actress
  • 1964 – John Pinette, American comedian
  • 1965 – Richard Grieco, American actor and singer
  • 1965 – Marti Pellow, Scottish singer
  • 1965 – Gary Whitehead, American poet
  • 1967 – David Ford, Canadian kayaker
  • 1968 – Damon Albarn, English musician (Blur and Gorillaz)
  • 1968 – Mitch Cullin, American novelist
  • 1968 – Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer
  • 1968 – Michael Atherton, English cricketer
  • 1971 – Yasmeen Ghauri, Canadian supermodel
  • 1971 – Karen McDougal, American model
  • 1971 – Gail Porter, British television presenter
  • 1971 – Alexander Selivanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Hiroyoshi Tenzan, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Joe Calzaghe, Welsh boxer
  • 1972 – Judith Godrèche, French actress and author
  • 1973 – Jerzy Dudek, Polish footballer
  • 1973 – Wim Eyckmans, Belgian racing driver
  • 1973 – Jason Kidd, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Alydar, American racehorse (d. 1990)
  • 1976 – Michelle Monaghan, American actress
  • 1976 – Joel Peralta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Keri Russell, American actress
  • 1976 – Ricardo Zonta, Brazilian racing car driver
  • 1977 – Jean Carlos Gamarra, Peruvian taekwondo practitioner
  • 1978 – Walter Samuel, Argentine footballer
  • 1978 – Nicholle Tom, American actress
  • 1979 – Mark Buehrle, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor
  • 1979 – Misty Hyman, American swimmer
  • 1979 – Donncha O’Callaghan, Irish International rugby player
  • 1980 – Russell Howard, British Comedian
  • 1981 – Luciana Carro, Canadian actress
  • 1981 – Erin Crocker, American NASCAR driver
  • 1981 – Tony Peña, Jr., Dominican baseball player
  • 1983 – Jerome Thomas, English footballer
  • 1985 – Maurice Jones-Drew, American football player
  • 1986 – Steven Strait, American Actor
  • 1990 – Princess Eugenie of York
  • 1999 – Prince Beltran of Bulgaria

March 23 – Deaths:

  • 1103 – Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1058)
  • 1361 – Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster (b. c.1310)
  • 1369 – King Pedro of Castile (b. 1334)
  • 1548 – Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takeda Shingen
  • 1555 – Pope Julius III (b. 1487)
  • 1559 – Emperor Gelawdewos of Ethiopia (killed in battle) (b. 1521/1522)
  • 1596 – Henry Unton, English diplomat
  • 1606 – Justus Lipsius, Flemish humanist (b. 1547)
  • 1618 – James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
  • 1653 – Johan van Galen, Dutch naval officer (b. 1604)
  • 1680 – Nicolas Fouquet, French statesman (b. 1615)
  • 1742 – Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • 1747 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (b. 1675)
  • 1748 – Johann Gottfried Walther, German music theorist, organist, and composer (b. 1684)
  • 1754 – Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (b. 1693)
  • 1783 – Charles Caroll, American lawyer and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
  • 1801 – Tsar Paul of Russia (b. 1754)
  • 1842 – Stendhal, French writer (b. 1783)
  • 1914 – Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès (Saint Rebecca) Lebanese saint (b. 1832)
  • 1927 – Paul César Helleu, French artist (b. 1859)
  • 1931 – Bhagat Singh, Rajguru Sukhdev Indian freedom fighters
  • 1935 – Florence Moore, American actress (b. 1886)
  • 1947 – Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (b. 1870)
  • 1955 – Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (b. 1875)
  • 1960 – Franklin Pierce Adams, American newspaper columnist (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (b. 1904)
  • 1965 – Mae Murray, American actress (b. 1889)
  • 1968 – Edwin O’Connor, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winner (b. 1918)
  • 1970 – Del Lord, Canadian director (b. 1894)
  • 1972 – Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish fashion designer (b. 1895)
  • 1979 – Ted Anderson, English footballer (b. 1911)
  • 1982 – Barney Clark, first artificial heart recipient (b. 1921)
  • 1985 – Richard Beeching, chairman of British Railways (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Peter Charanis, Greek-American scholar and professor (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – John Dexter, English stage and film director
  • 1991 – Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – Friedrich Hayek, Austrian economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1994 – Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician (b. 1950)
  • 1994 – Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Donald_Swann, British composer, musician and entertainer (b. 1923)
  • 1995 – Alan Barton, English musician (Black Lace, Smokie) (b. 1953)
  • 1995 – Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer (b. 1956)
  • 1998 – Gerald Stano, American serial killer (b. 1951)
  • 1999 – Luis María Argaña, Paraguayan politician
  • 2001 – Rowland Evans, American journalist (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Eileen Farrell, American soprano (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Ben Hollioake, English cricketer (b. 1977)
  • 2003 – Fritz Spiegl, Austrian-born journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Rupert Hamer, Australian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – David B. Bleak, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Desmond Doss, American soldier and first conscientious objector Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Cindy Walker, American singer, songwriter and dancer (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Paul J. Cohen, American mathematician, Fields Medal winner (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Eric Medlen, American NHRA drag racer (b. 1973)

March 23 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – The fifth and final day of Quinquatria, held in honor of Minerva.
  • Roman Empire – Tubilustrium was held in honor of Mars.
  • Ancient Latvia – Lieldienas held in honor of Mara and other pagan goddesses.
  • Pakistan – National Day (Republic Day).
  • Hungary, Poland – Day of Hungarian-Polish Friendship.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History March 22

March 22 – Events:

  • 238 – Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperors.
  • 1621 – The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony sign a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags.
  • 1622 – Jamestown massacre: Algonquian Indians kill 347 English settlers around Jamestown, Virginia, a third of the colony’s population.
  • 1630 – Massachusetts Bay Colony outlaws the possession of cards, dice, and gaming tables.
  • 1638 – Anne Hutchinson is expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent.
  • 1765 – The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Stamp Act, which introduced a tax to be levied directly on its American colonies.
  • 1784 – The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.
  • 1809 – Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.
  • 1829 – The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece.
  • 1849 – The Austrians defeat the Piedmontese at the Battle of Novara.
  • 1871 – In North Carolina, William Woods Holden becomes the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment.
  • 1873 – A law is approved by the Spanish National Assembly in Puerto Rico to abolish slavery.
  • 1888 – The Football League is formed.
  • 1894 – The first playoff game for the Stanley Cup starts.
  • 1895 – First display (a private screening) of motion pictures by Auguste and Louis Lumière.
  • 1923 – The first radio broadcast of ice hockey is made by Foster Hewitt.
  • 1933 – President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs into law a bill legalizing the sale of beer and wine.
  • 1939 – World War II: Germany takes Memel from Lithuania.
  • 1941 – Washington’s Grand Coulee Dam begins to generate electricity.
  • 1942 – World War II: In the Mediterranean Sea, Britain’s Royal Navy confronts Italy’s Regia Marina in the Second Battle of Sirte.
  • 1943 – World War II: the entire population of Khatyn in Belarus is burnt alive by German occupation forces.
  • 1945 – The Arab League is founded when a charter is adopted in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 1954 – Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens.
  • 1960 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow & Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser.
  • 1975 – A fire at the Browns Ferry Nuclear Power Plant in Decatur, Alabama causes dangerous lowering of cooling water levels.
  • 1978 – Karl Wallenda of the The Flying Wallendas dies after falling off a tight-rope between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • 1979 – Margaret Thatcher puts down an early day motion censuring the government, which leads to the defeat of the Labour government of James Callaghan.
  • 1989 – Clint Malarchuk of the Buffalo Sabres suffers a near-fatal injury when another player accidentally slits his throat in one of the most gruesome sports injuries of all time.
  • 1993 – The Intel Corporation ships the first Pentium chips (80586), featuring a 60 MHz clock speed, 100+ MIPS, and a 64 bit data path.
  • 1995 – Cosmonaut Valeriy Polyakov returns after setting a record for 438 days in space.
  • 1997 – Tara Lipinski, age 14 years and 10 months, becomes the youngest champion of the women’s world figure skating competition.
  • 1997 – The Comet Hale-Bopp has its closest approach to earth.
  • 2006 – ETA, armed Basque separatist group, declares permanent ceasefire.
  • 2006 – BC Ferries’ M/V Queen of the North runs aground on Gil Island British Columbia and sinks; 101 on board, 2 presumed deaths.
  • 2006 – Three Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages are freed by British forces in Baghdad after 118 days captivity and the death of their colleague, American Tom Fox.

March 22 – Birthdays:

  • 841 – Bernard Plantapilosa, Count of Auvergne (d. 885)
  • 1212 – Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan (d. 1235)
  • 1366 – Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (d. 1399)
  • 1459 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1519)
  • 1503 – Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (d. 1583)
  • 1599 – Anthony van Dyck, Flemish painter (d. 1641)
  • 1609 – King John II Casimir of Poland (d. 1672)
  • 1663 – August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (d. 1727)
  • 1712 – Edward Moore, English writer (d. 1757)
  • 1720 – Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (d. 1799)
  • 1723 – Charles Carroll, American statesman (d. 1783)
  • 1759 – Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1818)
  • 1797 – King Wilhelm I of Germany (d. 1888)
  • 1812 – Stephen Pearl Andrews, American abolitionist (d. 1886)
  • 1817 – Bahá’u’lláh, Persian prophet of the Bahá’í Faith (d. 1892)
  • 1817 – Braxton Bragg, American Confederate general (d. 1876)
  • 1818 – John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (d. 1846)
  • 1857 – Paul Doumer, French President (d. 1932)
  • 1860 – Alfred Ploetz, German physician (d. 1940)
  • 1866 – Jack Boyle, American baseball player (d. 1913)
  • 1868 – Robert Millikan, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
  • 1869 – Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines Republic (d. 1964)
  • 1878 – Michel Théato, Luxembourgian athlete (d. 1919)
  • 1880 – Ernie Quigley, Canadian-American sports official (d. 1960)
  • 1887 – Chico Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1961)
  • 1896 – He Long, Chinese marshal (d. 1969)
  • 1901 – Greta Kempton, American artist (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – James Gavin, American general and ambassador (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Lúcia Santos, Portuguese nun (d. 2005)
  • 1908 – Jack Crawford, Australian tennis player (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Louis L’Amour, American author (d. 1988)
  • 1909 – Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – Nicholas Monsarrat, British novelist (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Wilfrid Brambell, Irish actor (d. 1985)
  • 1912 – Karl Malden, American actor (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Tom McCall, Governor of Oregon (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Lew Wasserman, American film studio executive (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Georgiy Zhzhonov, Russian actor and writer (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Virginia Grey, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Werner Klemperer, German-born actor (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Ross Martin, Polish-American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1921 – Nino Manfredi, Italian actor (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Marcel Marceau, world renown French Mime (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Allen Neuharth, American businessman
  • 1924 – Bill Wendell, American television announcer (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Carrie Donovan, American fashion editor (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Ed Macauley, American basketball player
  • 1930 – Derek Bok, American lawyer and educator
  • 1930 – Pat Robertson, American televangelist
  • 1930 – Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist
  • 1931 – Burton Richter, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 – William Shatner, Canadian actor
  • 1933 – Abolhassan Banisadr, former President of Iran
  • 1933 – May Britt, Swedish actress
  • 1934 – Orrin Hatch, American politician
  • 1934 – Larry Martyn, English comedy actor (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – M. Emmet Walsh, American actor
  • 1936 – Ron Carey, American labor leader
  • 1936 – Roger Whittaker, British singer
  • 1937 – Armin Hary, German athlete
  • 1940 – Dave Keon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1940 – Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian/American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1941 – Jeremy Clyde, British actor and musician (Chad and Jeremy)
  • 1941 – Billy Collins, American poet
  • 1941 – Bruno Ganz, Swiss actor
  • 1942 – Bernd Herzsprung, German actor
  • 1942 – Dick Pound, Canadian chairman of the World Anti-Doping Agency
  • 1943 – George Benson, American musician
  • 1943 – Keith Relf, English musician (The Yardbirds) (d. 1976)
  • 1946 – Rudy Rucker, American author
  • 1948 – Wolf Blitzer, American television journalist
  • 1948 – Andrew Lloyd Webber, English theatre composer
  • 1949 – Fanny Ardant, French actress
  • 1950 – Jocky Wilson, Scottish darts player
  • 1952 – Bob Costas, American sports commentator
  • 1955 – Pete Sessions, American politician
  • 1955 – Lena Olin, Swedish actress
  • 1955 – Valdis Zatlers, 7th President of Latvia
  • 1956 – Generosa Ammon, widow of Ted Ammon (d. 2003)
  • 1957 – Stephanie Mills, American actress and singer
  • 1958 – Laurie David, American political activist
  • 1958 – Pete Wylie, British singer/songwriter
  • 1959 – Carlton Cuse, Mexican-born American TV writer and executive
  • 1959 – Matthew Modine, American actor
  • 1965 – John Kordic, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)
  • 1965 – Emma Wray, English actress
  • 1966 – Artis Pabriks, Latvian politician
  • 1966 – Song Kwang Sik, Korean singer
  • 1967 – Mario Cipollini, Italian cyclist
  • 1968 – Euronymous, Norwegian black metal musician (d. 1993)
  • 1970 – Andreas Johnson, Swedish singer
  • 1970 – Leontien van Moorsel, Dutch cyclist
  • 1972 – Shawn Bradley, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Cory Lidle, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1972 – Elvis Stojko, Canadian figure skater
  • 1973 – Joe Nedney, American football player
  • 1974 – Marcus Camby, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Philippe Clement, Belgian footballer
  • 1974 – Kidada Jones, American actress
  • 1975 – Jirí Novák, Czech tennis player
  • 1976 – Teun de Nooijer, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1976 – Reese Witherspoon, American actress
  • 1977 – Joey Porter, American football player
  • 1978 – Tom Poti, professional hockey player
  • 1979 – Aaron North, American musician
  • 1979 – Juan Uribe, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Shannon Bex, American singer (Danity Kane)
  • 1980 – Pamela O’Connor, Scottish ice dancer
  • 1981 – Victoria Lanz, Venezuelan porn star
  • 1981 – MIMS, American rapper
  • 1982 – Pete Bennett, British musician and winner of Big Brother 2006
  • 1988 – Tania Raymonde, American actress

March 22 – Deaths:

  • 1322 – Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, English politician (b. 1278)
  • 1418 – Dietrich of Nieheim, German historian
  • 1421 – Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, second son of Henry IV of England (killed in battle) (b. 1388)
  • 1544 – Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (b. 1488)
  • 1602 – Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (b. 1557)
  • 1685 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (b. 1638)
  • 1687 – Jean Baptiste Lully, Italian-born French composer (b. 1632)
  • 1758 – Jonathan Edwards, American minister (b. 1703)
  • 1758 – Richard Leveridge, English bass and composer (b. 1670)
  • 1772 – John Canton, English physicist (b. 1718)
  • 1820 – Stephen Decatur, American naval officer (b. 1779)
  • 1832 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer (b. 1749)
  • 1840 – Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (b. 1798)
  • 1896 – Thomas Hughes, English novelist (b. 1822)
  • 1913 – Sung Chiao-jen, Chinese Nationalist (b. 1882)
  • 1924 – William Macewen, Scottish surgeon (b. 1848)
  • 1934 – Theophilos Hatzimihail, Greek painter (b. 1870)
  • 1945 – John Hessin Clarke, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1857)
  • 1951 – Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor (b. 1871)
  • 1952 – Uncle Dave Macon, American musician (b. 1870)
  • 1958 – Mike Todd, American film producer (b. 1909)
  • 1960 – José Antonio Aguirre, Basque politician (b. 1904)
  • 1974 – Peter Revson, American racecar driver (b.1939)
  • 1977 – A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (b. 1904)
  • 1978 – Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (b. 1905)
  • 1981 – James “Jumbo” Elliott, American track coach (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Mark Dinning, American singer (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Charles Starrett, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Gerald Bull, Canadian engineer (b. 1928)
  • 1991 – Léon Balcer, French Canadian politician (b. 1917)
  • 1991 – Dave Guard, American folk singer (The Kingston Trio) (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Gloria Holden, American film actress (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Dan Hartman, American musician, songwriter, and record producer (b. 1950)
  • 1994 – Walter Lantz, American cartoonist (b. 1900)
  • 1996 – Don Murray, American musician (The Turtles) (b. 1945)
  • 1999 – David Strickland, American actor (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – William Hanna, American animator and studio founder (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Terry Lloyd, English reporter (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Ahmed Yassin, Palestinian co-founder of Hamas (b. ca. 1937)
  • 2005 – Kenzo Tange, Japanese architect (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Kurt von Trojan, Australian science fiction author (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (b. 1918)

March 22 – Holidays:

  • The fourth day of Quinquatria in ancient Rome, held in honor of Minerva.
  • World Water Day.
  • Liturgical feasts:
  • Easter Sunday – 1818, 2285. In the Gregorian Calendar 22 March is the earliest date on which Easter Sunday can fall (25 April is the latest).

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History March 21

March 21 – Events:

  • 630 – Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem.
  • 717 – Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.
  • 1188 – Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku.
  • 1413 – Henry V becomes King of England.
  • 1556 – In Oxford, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake.
  • 1788 – A fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans and leaves most of the town in ruins.
  • 1800 – With the church leadership driven out of Rome during an armed conflict, Pius VII is crowned Pope in Venice with a temporary papal tiara made of papier-mâché.
  • 1801 – The Battle of Alexandria is fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.
  • 1804 – Code Napoléon is adopted as French civil law.
  • 1821 – First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1844 – The Bahá’í calendar begins. This is the first day of the first year of the Bahá’í calendar. It is annually celebrated by members of the Bahá’í Faith as the Bahá’í New Year or Náw-Rúz.
  • 1844 – The original date predicted by William Miller for the return of Christ.
  • 1849 – The Norwegian city of Hamar is reestablished by royal decree.
  • 1857 – An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000.
  • 1859 – Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 1871 – Otto von Bismarck is appointed Chancellor of the German Empire.
  • 1871 – Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his trek to find the missionary and explorer David Livingstone.
  • 1913 – Over 360 are killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood in Dayton, Ohio.
  • 1918 – World War I: Second Battle of the Somme begins.
  • 1919 – The Chinese High School is established in Singapore by Tan Kah Kee.
  • 1928 – Charles Lindbergh is presented the Medal of Honor for his first trans-Atlantic flight.
  • 1933 – Construction of Dachau, the first Nazi Germany concentration camp, is completed.
  • 1935 – Shah Reza Pahlavi formally asks the international community to call Persia by its native name, Iran, which means ‘Land of the Aryans.’
  • 1940 – Paul Reynaud becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1943 – Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
  • 1945 – World War II: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.
  • 1952 – Alan Freed presents the Moondog Coronation Ball, the first rock and roll concert, in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 1960 – Apartheid: Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa: Police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180.
  • 1963 – Alcatraz, a federal penitentiary on an island in San Francisco Bay, closes.
  • 1964 – In Copenhagen, Denmark, Gigliola Cinquetti wins the ninth Eurovision Song Contest for Italy singing “Non ho l’età” (“I’m not old enough”).
  • 1965 – Ranger program: NASA launches Ranger 9 which is the last in a series of unmanned lunar space probes.
  • 1965 – Martin Luther King, Jr. leads 3,200 people on the start of the third and finally successful civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
  • 1968 – Battle of Karameh in Jordan between Israeli Defense Forces and Fatah.
  • 1970 – The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto.
  • 1970 – Vinko Bogataj crashes during a ski-jumping championship in Germany; his image becomes that of the “agony of defeat guy” in the opening credits of ABC’s Wide World of Sports.
  • 1970 – In Amsterdam, Netherlands, Dana wins the fifteenth Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland singing “All Kinds of Everything.”
  • 1980 – US President Jimmy Carter announces a United States boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.
  • 1980 – On the season finale of the soap opera Dallas, the infamous character J.R. Ewing is shot by an unseen assailant, leading to the catchphrase “Who Shot JR?”
  • 1985 – Canadian paraplegic athlete and humanitarian Rick Hansen begins his circumnavigation of the globe in a wheelchair in the name of spinal cord injury medical research.
  • 1989 – Sports Illustrated reports allegations tying baseball player Pete Rose to baseball gambling.
  • 1990 – Namibia becomes independent after 75 years of South African rule.
  • 1999 – Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.
  • 2002 – In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
  • 2004 – In Malaysia, the 11th Federal and State elections are held, returning the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional to power with an increased majority.
  • 2005 – Red Lake High School massacre: Jeff Weise shoots and kills seven people at Red Lake High School in Red Lake, Minnesota before committing suicide. Weise had killed his grandfather and his grandfather’s girlfriend prior to the massacre.

March 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1521 – Maurice, Elector of Saxony (d. 1553)
  • 1527 – Hermann Finck, German composer (d. 1558)
  • 1685 – Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (d. 1750)
  • 1713 – Francis Lewis, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1803)
  • 1763 – Jean Paul, German writer (d. 1825)
  • 1768 – Joseph Fourier, French mathematician (d. 1830)
  • 1801 – Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • 1806 – Benito Juárez, Mexican statesman and national hero (d. 1872)
  • 1811 – Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)
  • 1839 – Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Russian composer (d. 1881)
  • 1854 – Alick Bannerman, Australian cricketer (d. 1924)
  • 1863 – George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d.1934)
  • 1869 – Florenz Ziegfeld, theater producer (d. 1932)
  • 1876 – John Tewksbury, American athlete (d. 1968)
  • 1880 – Gilbert M. ‘Broncho Billy’ Anderson, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1885 – Pierre Renoir, French stage and film actor and director (d. 1952)
  • 1895 – Zlatko Balokovic, Croatian violinist (d. 1955)
  • 1901 – Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Son House, American musician (d. 1988)
  • 1904 – Forrest Mars, Sr., American candymaker (d. 1999)
  • 1904 – Nikolaos Skalkottas, Greek composer (d. 1949)
  • 1906 – Jim Thompson, American designer and businessman
  • 1910 – M S Khan, Bangladeshi intellectual (d. 1978)
  • 1913 – George Abecassis, English race car driver (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Heinz “Pritzl” Bär, German fighter pilot (d. 1957)
  • 1914 – Paul Tortelier, French cellist (d. 1990)
  • 1920 – Georg Ots, Estonian singer (d. 1975)
  • 1920 – Manolis Chiotis, Greek bouzouki virtuoso and song writer (d. 1970)
  • 1921 – Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Russ Meyer, American film director and producer (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Shri Mataji Nirmala Srivastava, Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga
  • 1923 – Philip Abbott, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Hugo Koblet, Swiss cyclist (d. 1964)
  • 1925 – Peter Brook, British film director and producer
  • 1927 – Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German politician
  • 1929 – Maurice Catarcio, wrestler
  • 1932 – Walter Gilbert, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Joseph Silverstein, American violinist and conductor
  • 1930 – James Coco, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1933 – Michael Heseltine, English politician
  • 1934 – Al Freeman, Jr., American actor
  • 1935 – Brian Clough, English footballer and football manager (d. 2004)
  • 1936 – Ed Broadbent, Canadian politician
  • 1936 – Mike Westbrook, British jazz composer, bandleader and pianist
  • 1940 – Solomon Burke, American singer
  • 1942 – Françoise Dorléac, French actress (d. 1967)
  • 1943 – Vivian Stanshall, English musician, artist, actor, writer, Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band (d. 1995)
  • 1943 – István Gyulai, Hungarian General Secretary of the IAAF (d. 2006)
  • 1943 – Hartmut Haenchen, German conductor
  • 1944 – Marie-Christine Barrault, French actress
  • 1945 – Rose Stone, American musician (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1946 – Timothy Dalton, British actor
  • 1949 – Slavoj Žižek, Slovenian sociologist, philosopher and cultural critic
  • 1949 – Eddie Money, American musician
  • 1950 – Roger Hodgson, English musician, former member of Supertramp
  • 1951 – Russell Thompkins Jr, American singer (The Stylistics)
  • 1956 – Guy Chadwick, English guitarist, vocalist and songwriter (The House of Love)
  • 1956 – Ingrid Kristiansen, Norwegian runner
  • 1958 – Sabrina Le Beauf, American actress
  • 1958 – Gary Oldman, English actor
  • 1959 – Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese composer
  • 1960 – Ayrton Senna, Brazilian race car driver and three-time F1 World Champion (d. 1994)
  • 1960 – Robert Sweet, American drummer
  • 1961 – Shawn Lane, American guitar virtuoso
  • 1961 – Lothar Matthäus, German footballer
  • 1962 – Matthew Broderick, American actor
  • 1962 – Rosie O’Donnell, American comedian, actress, talk show host, and publisher
  • 1962 – Mark Waid, American comic book writer
  • 1963 – Shawon Dunston, baseball player
  • 1963 – Ronald Koeman, Dutch footballer and football manager
  • 1964 – Ahmed Radhi, Iraqi international football star
  • 1964 – Jesper Skibby, Danish professional cyclist
  • 1965 – Xavier Bertrand, French politician
  • 1967 – Jonas “Joker” Berggren, Swedish musician (Ace of Base)
  • 1967 – Adrian Chiles, British television and radio presenter
  • 1967 – Maxim Reality, British MC (The Prodigy)
  • 1968 – DJ Premier (Preemo), hip hop producer
  • 1969 – Ali Daei, Iranian footballer, Highest International Goal Scorer
  • 1972 – Chris Candido, professional wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1973 – Ananda Lewis, American model and television personality
  • 1973 – Stuart Nethercott, English footballer
  • 1973 – Jerry Supiran, American actor
  • 1974 – Jose Clayton, Tunisian footballer
  • 1975 – Fabricio Oberto, Argentine basketball player
  • 1975 – Justin Pierce, British actor (d. 2000)
  • 1975 – Mark Williams, Welsh snooker player
  • 1977 – Brian Shaw, American Entertainer/Recording Artist
  • 1978 – Kevin Federline, American dancer/hip hop artist
  • 1978 – Charmaine Dragun, Australian news anchor channel 10 (d.2007)
  • 1978 – Cristian Guzmán, baseball player
  • 1978 – Rani Mukherjee, Indian actress
  • 1980 – Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1980 – Ronaldinho Gaucho, Brazilian international footballer
  • 1980 – Deryck Whibley, Canadian guitarist and singer (Sum41)
  • 1982 – Aaron Hill, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Colin Turkington, British racing driver
  • 1985 – Adrian Peterson, Professional Football Player
  • 1988 – Lee Cattermole, English footballer
  • 2004 – Count Claus-Casimir of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer van Amsberg

March 21 – Deaths:

  • 1076 – Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1011)
  • 1181 – Taira Kiyomori, Japanese Feudal general (b. 1118)
  • 1306 – Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1248)
  • 1487 – Nicholas of Flue, Swiss hermit and saint (b. 1417)
  • 1556 – Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury (burned at the stake) (b. 1489)
  • 1617 – Pocahontas, Native American, daughter of Powhatan (b. c. 1595)
  • 1656 – James Ussher, Irish Anglican archbishop (b. 1581)
  • 1676 – Henri Sauval, French historian (b. 1623)
  • 1729 – John Law, Scottish economist (b. 1671)
  • 1734 – Robert Wodrow, Scottish historian (b. 1679)
  • 1751 – Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (b. 1706)
  • 1762 – Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)
  • 1772 – Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, French cartographer (b. 1703)
  • 1795 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (b. 1714)
  • 1801 – Andrea Luchesi, Italian composer (b. 1741)
  • 1804 – Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d’Enghien (executed) (b. 1772)
  • 1843 – Robert Southey, English poet (b. 1774)
  • 1843 – Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico (b. 1786)
  • 1850 – Miguel Pedrorena, American settler
  • 1881 – Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • 1884 – Ezra Abbot, American bible scholar (b. 1819)
  • 1910 – Nadar, French photographer (b. 1820)
  • 1915 – Frederick Winslow Taylor, American inventor (b. 1856)
  • 1934 – Franz Schreker, Austrian composer (b. 1878)
  • 1936 – Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer (b. 1865)
  • 1951 – Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor (b. 1871)
  • 1958 – Cyril M. Kornbluth, American writer (b. 1923)
  • 1970 – Manolis Chiotis, Greek songwriter and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1975 – Joe Medwick, baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist (b. 1888)
  • 1984 – Shauna Grant, American actress (suicide) (b. 1963)
  • 1985 – Sir Michael Redgrave, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1987 – Dean Paul Martin, American musician (b. 1951)
  • 1987 – Robert Preston, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1991 – Leo Fender, American guitar manufacturer (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – John Ireland, Canadian film actor and director (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – Natalie Sleeth, American composer (b. 1930)
  • 1994 – Macdonald Carey, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Dack Rambo, American actor (b. 1941)
  • 1994 – Lili Damita, French actress (b. 1904)
  • 1997 – W. V. Awdry, English children’s writer (b. 1911)
  • 1998 – Galina Ulanova, Russian prima ballerina assoluta (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Ernie Wise, British comedian (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Chung Ju-young, Korean industrialist (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Norma MacMillan, Canadian voice actress (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Anthony Steel, English actor (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Herman Talmadge, American politician (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Umar Wirahadikusumah, Fourth Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Ludmilla Tchérina, French ballet dancer and actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Barney Martin, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Bobby Short, American singer (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Sven O. Høiby, the father of Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway (b. 1936)

March 21 – Holidays:

  • Astrology: First day of star sign Aries. (International Astrology Day)
  • Traditional date of vernal equinox, the real equinox varies between years.
  • Persian (Iranian) New Year’s Day (Nowruz): (also celebrated in many other countries of Asia) Iranian calendar
  • Traditional date of vernal equinox, used for reckoning Easter. The real equinox varies between years.
  • Japan: Vernal Equinox Day (public holiday)
  • China: Chunfen
  • Namibia: Independence Day
  • Australia: Harmony Day
  • Poland: Truant’s Day
  • South Africa: Human Rights Day
  • Benito Juárez Day, a Fiesta Patria in Mexico
  • The third day of Quinquatria in ancient Rome, held in honor of Minerva
  • Ostara – Neopagan festival of Ostara.
  • World Poetry Day – UNESCO
  • International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination – United Nations
  • World Down Syndrome Day
  • Mother’s Day in Jordan, Lebanon,and Syria
  • St. Nicholas of Flue

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History March 20

March 20 – Events:

  • 1602 – The Dutch East India Company is established.
  • 1616 – Sir Walter Raleigh is freed from the Tower of London after 13 years imprisonment.
  • 1739 – Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.
  • 1760 – The “Great Fire” of Boston destroys 349 buildings.
  • 1815 – Napoleon enters Paris after escaping from Elba with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his “Hundred Days” rule.
  • 1848 – Revolutions of 1848 in the German states: King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates.
  • 1852 – Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is published.
  • 1856 – Costa Rican troops rout Walker’s soldiers.
  • 1861 – An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, a city in western Argentina.
  • 1883 – Signature of Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.
  • 1899 – At Sing Sing prison, Martha M. Place is sentenced to become the first woman executed in an electric chair.
  • 1913 – Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang), is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days later.
  • 1914 – In New Haven, Connecticut, the first international figure skating championship takes place.
  • 1916 – Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
  • 1922 – The USS Langley is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
  • 1933 – Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida’s electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
  • 1934 – 1934 Great Hakodate fire, 4,170 square kilometers has lost, caused fire. Japanese  authority estimated 2,165 killed, injured 9,485, 145,500 homeless. The great urban fire has worst disaster, except air bomb, earthquake fire in Japanese history.
  • 1942 – In Zgierz, Poland, 100 Poles are taken from a labor camp and shot by the Germans.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: in Rohatyn, western Ukraine, German SS murder 3,000 Jews, including 600 children, annihilating 70% of Rohatyn’s Jewish ghetto.
  • 1942 – World War II: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: “I came out of Bataan and I shall return.”
  • 1948 – With a Musicians Union ban lifted, the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are given on CBS and NBC.
  • 1951 – Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu is founded.
  • 1952 – The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan.
  • 1956 – Tunisia gains independence from France.
  • 1964 – The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organization) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962.
  • 1969 – John Lennon & Yoko Ono marry in Gibraltar.
  • 1974 – A failed kidnap attempt is made on Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace, London.
  • 1980 – The Radio Caroline ship, Mi Amigo founders in a gale off the English coast.
  • 1985 – Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the 1,135-mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.
  • 1986 – Jacques Chirac becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1987 – The Food and Drug Administration approves anti-AIDS drug AZT.
  • 1990 – Ferdinand Marcos’s widow, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement, and racketeering.
  • 1993 – A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes in Warrington, northwest England, killing two children.
  • 1995 – A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 12 and wounds 1,300 persons.
  • 1999 – Legoland California opens in Carlsbad, California.
  • 2000 – Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after a gun battle that leaves a Georgia sheriff’s deputy dead.
  • 2003 – 2003 invasion of Iraq: In the early hours of the morning, the United States and three other countries begin military operations in Iraq.
  • 2004 – Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, thus becoming the first leader in the party’s history.
  • 2005 – A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits Fukuoka, Japan, its first major quake in over 100 years.
  • 2006 – Cyclone Larry makes landfall in eastern Australia, destroying most of the country’s banana crop.
  • 2006 – Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The rebel movement sought to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Deby.

March 20 – Birthdays:

  • 43 BC – Ovid, Roman poet (d. 17)
  • 1469 – Princess Cecily of York (d. 1507)
  • 1477 – Jerome Emser, German theologian (d. 1527)
  • 1502 – Pierino Belli, Italian soldier and jurist (d. 1575)
  • 1725 – Abdul Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1789)
  • 1735 – Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (d. 1784)
  • 1737 – Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (d. 1809)
  • 1741 – Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (d. 1828)
  • 1770 – Friedrich Hölderlin, German writer (d. 1843)
  • 1799 – Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (d. 1839)
  • 1811 – Napoleon II of France, (d. 1832)
  • 1823 – Ned Buntline, American publisher (d. 1886)
  • 1828 – Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian writer (d. 1906)
  • 1831 – Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman (d. 1881)
  • 1834 – Charles W. Eliot, President of Harvard University (d. 1926)
  • 1836 – Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (d. 1886)
  • 1836 – Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (d. 1919)
  • 1840 – Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (d. 1894)
  • 1856 – Sir John Lavery, Irish artist (d. 1941)
  • 1856 – Frederick Winslow Taylor, American inventor (d. 1915)
  • 1870 – Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (d. 1964)
  • 1874 – Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • 1879 – Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • 1882 – René Coty, French President (d.1962)
  • 1890 – Beniamino Gigli, Italian tenor (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Lauritz Melchior, Danish tenor (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Fredric Wertham, German-born psychologist (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Ruby Muhammad, American matriarch of Black Islam
  • 1903 – Edgar Buchanan, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – B. F. Skinner, American psychologist (d. 1990)
  • 1906 – Abraham Beame, American politician (d. 2001)
  • 1906 – Ozzie Nelson, American bandleader and actor (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Michael Redgrave, English actor (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Alfonso García Robles, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Wendell Corey, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Rudolf Kirchschläger, President of Austria (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Sviatoslav Richter, Soviet pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Pierre Messmer, French politician and Prime Minister (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Vera Lynn, English actress and singer
  • 1918 – Jack Barry, American TV host (d. 1984)
  • 1918 – Marian McPartland, British jazz pianist
  • 1918 – Donald Featherstone, British writer and wargamer
  • 1920 – Pamela Harriman, British-American diplomat (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Sister Rosetta Tharpe, American singer (d. 1973)
  • 1922 – Larry Elgart, American saxophonist and bandleader
  • 1922 – Ray Goulding, American comedian (d. 1990)
  • 1922 – Carl Reiner, American film director
  • 1923 – Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani Author, Journalist and Political Activist (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – John Ehrlichman, American political figure (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – John Joubert, South African-born British composer
  • 1928 – Fred Rogers, American TV host (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Germán Robles, Spanish actor
  • 1931 – Hal Linden, American actor
  • 1933 – George Altman, American baseball player
  • 1933 – Alexander Gorodnitsky, Russian geologist and poet
  • 1934 – Willie Brown, American politician
  • 1935 – Ted Bessell, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1936 – Lee “Scratch” Perry, Reggae artist
  • 1936 – Vaughn Meader, American comedian (d. 2004)
  • 1937 – Jerry Reed, American singer and actor
  • 1939 – Brian Mulroney, former Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1941 – Pat Corrales, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Gerard Malanga, American poet and photographer
  • 1943 – Naima Neidre, Estonian graphic artist
  • 1943 – Paul Junger Witt, American TV producer
  • 1945 – Henry Bartholomay, American fighter pilot
  • 1945 – Rick Berman, American TV and film producer
  • 1945 – Jay Ingram, Canadian television host and author
  • 1945 – Pat Riley, American basketball player and coach
  • 1947 – John Boswell, American historian (d. 1994)
  • 1948 – John de Lancie, American actor
  • 1948 – Bobby Orr, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 – Marcia Ball, American singer and pianist
  • 1950 – William Hurt, American actor
  • 1950 – Carl Palmer, English drummer (Emerson, Lake & Palmer)
  • 1951 – Jimmie Vaughan, American blues guitarist
  • 1952 – Geoff Brabham, Australian racing driver
  • 1954 – Mike Francesa, American sports talk show host
  • 1954 – Liana Kanelli, Greek journalist and politician
  • 1957 – Vanessa Bell Calloway, American actress
  • 1957 – David Foster, Australian world champion woodchopper
  • 1957 – Spike Lee, American film director
  • 1957 – Theresa Russell, American actress
  • 1958 – Phil Anderson, Australian cyclist
  • 1958 – Holly Hunter, American actress
  • 1959 – Dave Beasant, English football goalkeeper
  • 1959 – Steve McFadden, British actor
  • 1959 – Sting, American professional wrestler
  • 1961 – Jesper Olsen, Danish footballer
  • 1961 – Slim Jim Phantom, American musician (Stray Cats)
  • 1962 – Stephen Sommers, American film director
  • 1963 – Paul Annacone, American tennis player
  • 1963 – Yelena Romanova, Russian athlete (d. 2007)
  • 1963 – Manabu Suzuki, Japanese racing driver and broadcaster
  • 1964 – Natacha Atlas, Belgian singer
  • 1966 – Alka Yagnik, Indian singer
  • 1969 – Caroline Brunet, Quebec kayaker
  • 1969 – Mannie Fresh, American producer
  • 1971 – Manny Alexander, Dominican baseball player
  • 1971 – Touré, American writer
  • 1972 – Alexander Kapranos, Greek-British musician (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1973 – Jung Woo-sung, South Korean actor
  • 1973 – Cedric Yarbrough, American actor
  • 1973 – Christopher Heinz, American businessman; son of Teresa Heinz
  • 1974 – Paula Garces, Colombian actress
  • 1974 – Andrzej Pilipiuk, Polish writer
  • 1976 – Chester Bennington, American musician (Linkin Park)
  • 1979 – Bianca Lawson, American actress
  • 1979 – Keven Mealamu, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1979 – Silvia Abascal, Spanish actress
  • 1980 – Jamal Crawford, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Ock Ju-Hyun, South Korean singer
  • 1982 – Terrence Duffin, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982 – Tomasz Kuszczak, Polish footballer
  • 1982 – Nick Wheeler, American guitarist (The All-American Rejects)
  • 1982 – José Moreira, Portuguese footballer
  • 1984 – Christy Carlson Romano, American actress
  • 1984 – Rami Malek, Egyptian-born actor
  • 1984 – Justine Ezarik, American Internet personality
  • 1984 – Markus Niemelä, Finnish racing driver
  • 1984 – Fernando Torres, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Marcus Vick, American football player
  • 1984 – Winta, Norwegian musician
  • 1987 – Patrick Boyle, Scottish footballer
  • 1987 – Daniel Maa Boumsong, Cameroonian football player
  • 1987 – João Alves de Assis Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Rollo Weeks, English actor
  • 1987 – Sergei Kostitsyn, Belarusian hockey player
  • 1989 – Tamim Iqbal, Bangladeshi cricketer

March 20 – Deaths:

  • 687 – St. Cuthbert, patron saint of Northumbria (born c. 634).
  • 1239 – Hermann von Salza, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (c. 1179)
  • 1413 – King Henry IV of England (b. 1367)
  • 1549 – Lord High Admiral Thomas Seymour, 4th. husband of Queen Catherine Parr (executed) (b. 1508)
  • 1568 – Duke Albert of Prussia (b. 1490)
  • 1586 – Richard Maitland, Scottish statesman and historian (b. 1496)
  • 1619 – Mathias, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1557)
  • 1673 – Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (b. 1603)
  • 1730 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (b. 1692)
  • 1732 – Johann Ernst Hanxleden, German philologist (b. 1681)
  • 1746 – Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
  • 1780 – Sir Benjamin Truman – English brewer (b. 1699/1700)
  • 1793 – William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (b. 1705)
  • 1835 – Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (b. 1794)
  • 1855 – Joseph Aspdin, English mason and inventor (b. 1788)
  • 1865 – Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai (b. 1833)
  • 1874 – Hans Christian Lumbye, Danish composer (b. 1810)
  • 1878 – Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (b. 1814)
  • 1890 – Alexander F. Mozhaiski, aviation pioneer (b. 1825)
  • 1897 – Apollon Maykov, Russian poet (b. 1821)
  • 1899 – Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (b. 1822)
  • 1916 – Ota Benga, Congolese pygmy (b. 1884)
  • 1918 – Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)
  • 1925 – George Nathaniel Curzon, British statesman (b. 1859)
  • 1929 – Ferdinand Foch, French commander of allied forces in World War I (b. 1851)
  • 1931 – Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
  • 1934 – Queen Emma of the Netherlands (b. 1858)
  • 1940 – Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (b. 1860)
  • 1947 – Sigurd Wallén,  Swedish actor and filmdirector (b. 1884)
  • 1964 – Brendan Behan, Irish playwright and author (b. 1923)
  • 1969 – Henri Longchambon, French politician (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Manolis Chiotis, Greek bouzouki virtuoso and song writer (b. 1920)
  • 1972 – Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1974 – Chet Huntley, American television journalist (b. 1911)
  • 1983 – Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (b. 1891)
  • 1990 – Lev Yashin, Soviet footballer (b. 1929)
  • 1991 – Conor Clapton, son of Eric Clapton (b. 1986)
  • 1992 – Georges Delerue, French film composer (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Polykarp Kusch, German-born American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1994 – Lewis Grizzard, American humorist (b. 1946)
  • 1995 – Big John Studd, American professional wrestler (b. 1948)
  • 1997 – Tony Zale, American boxer (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – George Howard, American jazz saxophone musician
  • 2000 – Gene Eugene, Canadian actor and singer (b. 1961)
  • 2001 – Luis Alvarado, Puerto Rican baseball player (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Sailor Art Thomas, American professional wrestler (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Pierre Sévigny, French Canadian military officer and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Armand Lohikoski, Finnish film director (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Gilbert E. Patterson, presiding bishop of COGIC (born 1939)
  • 2007 – Taha Yassin Ramadan, Iraqi politician (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Hawa Yakubu, Ghanaian politician (born 1948)

March 20 – Holidays:

  • Canberra Day
  • The second day of Quinquatria in ancient Rome, held in honor of Minerva.
  • The vernal equinox usually occurs on this day.
  • Though dependent on the exact day of the vernal equinox, New Year of Iranian Calendar: Norouz is sometimes celebrated on March 20 if the equinox falls on this day.
  • Though dependent on the exact day of the vernal equinox, International Astrology Day is sometimes celebrated on March 20 if the equinox falls on this day.
  • World Storytelling Day is a global celebration of the art of oral storytelling, celebrated every year on March 20.
  • Feast of St. Cuthbert, patron saint of Northumbria (d.687)
  • Abdon and Sennen at Soissons
  • Saint Herbert (d.687)
  • Saint Wulfram (d.704)
  • Saint Alexandra

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History March 19

March 19 – Events:

  • 1279 – A Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China
  • 1687 – Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men.
  • 1831 – The City Bank of New York becomes the site of the first bank robbery in United States history ($245,000 taken).
  • 1861 – The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.
  • 1863 – The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, was destroyed on her maiden voyage with cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: The Battle of Bentonville begins. By the end of the battle two days later the Confederate forces have retreated from Four Oaks, North Carolina.
  • 1915 – Pluto is photographed for the first time but was not recognized as a planet.
  • 1916 – Eight American planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa, the first United States air-combat mission in history.
  • 1918 – The U.S. Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time.
  • 1920 – The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (first time was on November 19, 1919).
  • 1921 – Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled, three wounded.
  • 1931 – Gambling is legalized in Nevada.
  • 1931 – The Harrisburg Symphony Orchestra played its first concert in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1932 – The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
  • 1941 – World War II: The 99th Pursuit Squadron also known as the Tuskegee Airmen, the first all-black unit of the Army Air Corp, is activated.
  • 1943 – Frank Nitti, Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, committed suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.
  • 1944 – World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary.
  • 1945 – World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 800 of her crew and crippling the ship.
  • 1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler issues his “Nero Decree” ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany be destroyed.
  • 1946 – French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas départements of France.
  • 1954 – Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory in round seven at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in color.
  • 1962 – Algerian War of Independence: A ceasefire takes effect.
  • 1969 – collapse of 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, UK, because of icing.
  • 1972 – India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty.
  • 1978 – UN Security Council Resolution 425 and 426 were passed, calling upon Israel immediately to cease its military action and withdraw its forces from all Lebanese territory (Operation Litani), and established the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).
  • 1979 – The United States House of Representatives begins broadcasting its day-to-day business via the cable television network C-SPAN.
  • 1982 – Falklands War: Argentines land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war.
  • 1987 – Televangelist Jim Bakker resigns as head of the PTL Club due to a brewing sex scandal; he hands over control to Jerry Falwell.
  • 2004 – Äänekoski bus disaster – A semi-trailer truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.
  • 2004 – A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.
  • 2004 – Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country’s presidential election on March 20.

March 19 – Birthdays:

  • 1434 – Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1443)
  • 1488 – Johannes Magnus, last Catholic Archbishop of Sweden (d. 1544)
  • 1534 – José de Anchieta, Spanish Jesuit missionary to Brazil (d. 1597)
  • 1590 – William Bradford, Pilgrim and First Governor of the Plymouth Colony (d. 1657)
  • 1684 – Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1721 – Tobias Smollett, Scottish novelist (d. 1771)
  • 1734 – Thomas McKean, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1817)
  • 1739 – Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (d. 1824)
  • 1749 – Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (d. 1768)
  • 1778 – Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)
  • 1813 – David Livingstone, Scottish missionary and explorer (d. 1873)
  • 1821 – Richard Francis Burton, British explorer, diplomat and author (d. 1890)
  • 1823 – Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria d. 1914
  • 1829 – Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1848 – Wyatt Earp, American policeman and gunfighter (d. 1929)
  • 1849 – Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)
  • 1851 – William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)
  • 1860 – William Jennings Bryan, 41st United States Secretary of State (d. 1925)
  • 1861 – Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • 1864 – Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
  • 1865 – William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
  • 1871 – Schofield Haigh, British cricketer (d. 1921)
  • 1873 – Max Reger, German composer (d. 1916)
  • 1883 – Walter Haworth, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Joseph Stilwell, U.S. general (d. 1946)
  • 1888 – Josef Albers, German artist (d. 1976)
  • 1888 – Léon Scieur, Belgian cyclist (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Earl Warren, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1974)
  • 1892 – James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)
  • 1894 – Moms Mabley, American comedian (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Frédéric Joliot, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1904 – John Sirica, American judge (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Albert Speer, Nazi official (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Adolf Eichmann, Nazi official (d. 1962)
  • 1909 – Louis Hayward, British actor (d. 1985)
  • 1909 – Attilio Demaria, Argentinian footballer (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Joseph F. Carroll, US Air Force Lt. Gen. and Founding Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Jay Berwanger, American football player (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Fred Clark, American film actor (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)
  • 1916 – Eric Christmas, British actor (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Irving Wallace, American novelist (d. 1990)
  • 1917 – Dinu Lipatti, Romanian pianist (d. 1950)
  • 1917 – Laszlo Szabo, Hungarian chess player (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Tige Andrews, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Tommy Cooper, Welsh comedy magician (d. 1984)
  • 1923 – Pamela Britton, American actress (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Henry Morgentaler, Canadian gynecologist
  • 1924 – Mary Wimbush, British actress (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Brent Scowcroft, US National Security Advisor
  • 1927 – Richie Ashburn, American baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 1928 – Hans Küng, Swiss theologian
  • 1928 – Patrick McGoohan, American-born actor
  • 1932 – Gay Brewer, American golfer (d. 2007
  • 1933 – Philip Roth, American author
  • 1933 – Renée Taylor, American actress
  • 1936 – Ursula Andress, Swiss actress
  • 1936 – Birthe Wilke, Danish singer
  • 1937 – Clarence “Frogman” Henry, American musician
  • 1937 – Egon Krenz, President of East Germany
  • 1939 – Joe Kapp, American football player
  • 1942 – Richard Dobson, American singer and songwriter
  • 1943 – Mario J. Molina, Mexican chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1943 – Mario Monti, Italian politician
  • 1943 – Vern Schuppan, Australian racing driver
  • 1944 – Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
  • 1944 – Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • 1945 – Stefanos Kiriakidis, Greek actor
  • 1946 – Paul Atkinson, British musician (The Zombies) (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Bigas Luna, Spanish film director
  • 1946 – Ruth Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
  • 1947 – Glenn Close, American actress
  • 1947 – Marinho Peres, Brazilian football player
  • 1952 – Harvey Weinstein, American film producer
  • 1952 – Warren Lees, New Zealand Test wicket-keeper
  • 1953 – Billy Sheehan, American musician (Mr. Big)
  • 1953 – Ricky Wilson, American musician (The B-52′s) (d. 1985)
  • 1954 – Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • 1955 – Bruce Willis, American actor
  • 1956 – Yegor Gaidar, Russian politician and economist.
  • 1962 – Ivan Calderón, Puerto Rican baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1962 – Jim Korderas, American professional wrestling referee
  • 1964 – Yoko Kanno, Japanese composer
  • 1966 – Andy Sinton, English footballer
  • 1966 – James “Big Jim” Wright, American record producer
  • 1967 – Vladimir Konstantinov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Gary Jules, American singer and songwriter
  • 1969 – Connor Trinneer, American actor
  • 1971 – Nadja Auermann, German supermodel
  • 1971 – Kirsty Williams, British politician
  • 1973 – Bun B, American Rapper
  • 1975 – Vivian Hsu, Taiwanese singer, actress and model
  • 1975 – Brann Dailor, American drummer
  • 1975 – Matthew Richardson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1976 – Zach Lind – American drummer (Jimmy Eat World)
  • 1976 – Andre Miller, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Rachel Blanchard, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Alessandro Nesta, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Jorma Taccone, American writer and comedian
  • 1979 – Hee-Seop Choi, Korean baseball player
  • 1979 – Ivan Ljubicic, Croatian tennis player
  • 1979 – Christos Patsatzoglou, Greek footballer
  • 1980 – Vida Guerra, Cuban-American swimsuit model
  • 1980 – Mikuni Shimokawa, Japanese singer
  • 1980 – Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator
  • 1981 – Kim Rae Won, South Korean actor and model
  • 1981 – Kolo Touré, Ivorian footballer
  • 1982 – Bradley Jones, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Matt Littler, British actor
  • 1983 – Ana Rezende, Brazilian film director and musician (CSS)
  • 1983 – Matt Sydal, American professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Tanushree Dutta, Indian Actress
  • 1985 – Ernesto Viso, Venezuelan racing driver
  • 1999 – Tatum McCann, American actress
  • 2007 – Prince Abdullah bin Ali, Prince of Jordan

March 19 – Deaths:

  • 1238 – Duke Henry I of Poland (b. 1163)
  • 1263 – Hugh of St Cher, French cardinal
  • 1279 – Emperor Bing of Song China (b. 1271)
  • 1286 – King Alexander III of Scotland (b. 1241)
  • 1330 – Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (executed) (b. 1301)
  • 1406 – Ibn Khaldun, Arab historian (b. 1332)
  • 1623 – Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1556)
  • 1637 – Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman (b. 1570)
  • 1649 – Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (b. 1577)
  • 1683 – Thomas Killigrew, English dramatist (b. 1612)
  • 1687 – Robert Cavelier de La Salle, French explorer (b. 1643)
  • 1697 – Nicolaus Bruhns, German organist and composer (b. 1665)
  • 1711 – Thomas Ken, English bishop and hymn-writer (b. 1637)
  • 1717 – John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish royalist
  • 1721 – Pope Clement XI (b. 1649)
  • 1796 – Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)
  • 1816 – Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (b. 1730)
  • 1871 – Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)
  • 1897 – Antoine Thomson d’Abbadie, French geographer (b. 1810)
  • 1900 – John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (b. 1815)
  • 1900 – Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (b. 1819)
  • 1914 – Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850)
  • 1916 – Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1930 – Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Lloyd L. Gaines, American civil rights activist
  • 1942 – Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist (b. 1855)
  • 1943 – Frank Nitti, American gangster (b. 1883)
  • 1944 – William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • 1945 – Friedrich Fromm, German Nazi official (b. 1888)
  • 1950 – Edgar Rice Burroughs, American author (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Walter Haworth, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1883)
  • 1974 – Anne Klein, American fashion designer (b. 1923)
  • 1974 – Edward Platt, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1976 – Albert Dieudonné, French actor, screenwriter and novelist (b. 1889)
  • 1976 – Paul Kossoff, English guitarist (Free) (b. 1950)
  • 1978 – Gaston Julia, French mathematician (b. 1893)
  • 1979 – Richard Beckinsale, English actor (b. 1947)
  • 1982 – Randy Rhoads, American guitarist (Quiet Riot, Ozzy Osbourne) (b. 1956)
  • 1987 – Louis, 7th duc de Broglie, French physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1989 – Alan Civil, English French horn player (b. 1929)
  • 1990 – Andrew Wood, American singer (Mother Love Bone) (b. 1966)
  • 1992 – Cesare Danova, American television and film actor (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Yasuo Yamada, Japanese voice actor (b. 1932)
  • 1997 – Willem de Kooning, Dutch-born painter (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Jaime Sabines, Mexican poet (b. 1926)
  • 2001 – Charles K. Johnson, President of the Flat Earth Society (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Émile Genest, Canadian actor (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Mitchell Sharp, Canadian politician (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – John De Lorean, American automobile engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Calvert DeForest, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Luther Ingram, R&B soul singer and songwriter (b. 1937)

March 19 – Holidays:

  • The first day of Quinquatria in ancient Rome, held in honor of Minerva.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Roman Catholicism and Church of England – Saint Joseph’s Day for Saint Joseph of Nazareth, spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary; patron saint of Belgium, a good death, carpenters; hence also (alternative) Father’s Day in Spain, Portugal, Belgium, and Italy.
    • Las Fallas in Valencia, Spain, Bolivia.
    • Saint Landoald
    • Saint Adeltrudis (d. 670)

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History March 18

March 18 – Events:

  • 37 – The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
  • 1229 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor declares himself King of Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.
  • 1241 – Kraków is ravaged by Mongols.
  • 1314 – Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar is burned at the stake.
  • 1438 – Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany.
  • 1608 – Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1673 – John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton sells his part of New Jersey to some Friends (Quakers).
  • 1766 – American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act, which was very unpopular in the British colonies.
  • 1793 – The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
  • 1834 – Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
  • 1850 – American Express is founded by Henry Wells & William Fargo.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time.
  • 1871 – Declaration of the Paris Commune; President of the French Republic Adolphe Thiers orders evacuation of Paris.
  • 1874 – Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
  • 1893 – Former Governor General Lord Stanley pledges to donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, as an award for the best ice hockey team in Canada; originally presented to amateur champions, the Stanley Cup has been awarded to the top pro team since 1910, and since 1926, only to National Hockey League teams.
  • 1906 – Traian Vuia flies a self-propelled heavier-than-air aircraft.
  • 1909 – Einar Dessau uses a short-wave radio transmitter, becoming the first radio broadcaster.
  • 1913 – King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
  • 1915 – World War I: Massive naval attack in Battle of Gallipoli. Three battleships are sunk during a failed British & French naval attack on the Dardanelles.
  • 1921 – The second Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Union.
  • 1922 – In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience. He would serve only 2 years.
  • 1922 – The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, is held in New York City.
  • 1925 – The Tri-State Tornado hits the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people.
  • 1937 – The New London School explosion kills three hundred, mostly children.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces hand Italian forces a grave defeat at the Battle of Guadalajara.
  • 1937 – The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
  • 1938 – Mexico nationalizes all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders.
  • 1940 – World War II: Axis Powers – Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1944 – The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 and causes thousands to flee their homes.
  • 1945 – World War II: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.
  • 1946 – The diplomatic relations between Switzerland and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1953 – An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 250.
  • 1959 – American President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law allowing for Hawaiian statehood, which would become official on August 21.
  • 1962 – The Evian Accords puts an end to the Algerian War of Independence, which began in 1954.
  • 1965 – Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
  • 1967 – Supertanker Torrey Canyon runs aground off the Cornish coast.
  • 1968 – The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back US currency.
  • 1970 – Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
  • 1971 – A landslide at Chungar, Peru crashes into Lake Yanahuani killing 200.
  • 1974 – Oil embargo crisis: Most OPEC nations end a five-month oil embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan.
  • 1980 – On Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia, 50 people are killed at an explosion of a Vostok-2M rocket on its launch pad during a fueling operation.
  • 1989 – In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops.
  • 1990 – In largest art theft in US history, 12 paintings, collectively worth around $300 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1997 – The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane breaks off while en-route to Turkey causing the plane to crash and killing all 50 on board and leading to the grounding of all An-24s.
  • 2003 – FBI agents raid the corporate headquarters of HealthSouth Corporation in Birmingham, Alabama on suspicion of massive corporate fraud led by the company’s top executives.
  • 2003 – British Sign Language is recognized as an official British language.
  • 2005 – Terri Schiavo’s feeding tube is removed at the request of her husband, fueling a worldwide debate on euthanasia.

March 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1395 – John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military leader (d. 1447)
  • 1496 – Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)
  • 1555 – François, Duke of Anjou (d. 1584)
  • 1590 – Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
  • 1602 – Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (d. 1679)
  • 1603 – Simon Bradstreet, Massachusetts Bay colonist (d. 1693)
  • 1634 – Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, comtesse de la Fayette, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1640 – Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
  • 1657 – Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer (d. 1743)
  • 1679 – Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1759)
  • 1685 – Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
  • 1690 – Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician (d. 1764)
  • 1701 – Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)
  • 1780 – Milos Obrenovic, Leader of The Second Serbian Uprising and Prince of Serbia (d. 1860)
  • 1782 – John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the United States (d. 1850)
  • 1813 – Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German writer (d. 1864)
  • 1823 – Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (d. 1883)
  • 1828 – William Randal Cremer, English politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1908)
  • 1837 – Grover Cleveland, President of the United States (d. 1908)
  • 1840 – William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
  • 1842 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • 1844 – Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (d. 1908)
  • 1848 – Nathanael Herreshoff, American naval architect (d. 1938)
  • 1848 – Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1939)
  • 1858 – Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (d. 1913)
  • 1869 – Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • 1872 – Anna Held, Polish actress and singer (d. 1918)
  • 1874 – Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)
  • 1877 – Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
  • 1877 – Clem Hill, Australian cricketer (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer (d. 1973)
  • 1886 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1898 – Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)
  • 1893 – Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (d. 1978)
  • 1893 – Wilfred Owen, British poet (d. 1918)
  • 1899 – Jean Goldkette, Greek-born jazz musician (d. 1962)
  • 1904 – Srecko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926)
  • 1905 – Robert Donat, English actor (d. 1958)
  • 1905 – Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)
  • 1907 – John Zachary Young, British biologist (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)
  • 1910 – Chiang Ching-kuo, President of the Republic of China (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – Smiley Burnette, American singer and songwriter (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – René Clément, French film director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Werner Mölders German WWII fighter pilot (d. 1941)
  • 1915 – Richard Condon, American novelist (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Frederika of Hanover, queen of the Hellenes (d. 1981)
  • 1918 – Al Benton, American baseball player (d. 1968)
  • 1918 – Bob Broeg, American sports writer (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Egon Bahr, German politician
  • 1923 – Andy Granatelli, American motorsports entrepreneur
  • 1926 – Peter Graves, American actor
  • 1926 – Dick Littlefield, American baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – John Kander, American songwriter
  • 1927 – George Plimpton, American writer and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Julia Mullock, Princess of Korea
  • 1928 – Miguel Poblet, Spanish cyclist
  • 1928 – Fidel V. Ramos, President of the Philippines
  • 1929 – John Macurdy, American bass
  • 1930 – Pat Halcox, British musician
  • 1931 – John Fraser, Scottish-born stage, film and television actor
  • 1932 – John Updike, American author
  • 1935 – Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, Danish mathematician
  • 1936 – Frederik Willem de Klerk, President of South Africa, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1937 – Mark Donohue, American race car driver (d. 1975)
  • 1937 – Rudi Altig, German cyclist
  • 1938 – Charley Pride, American musician
  • 1938 – Shashi Kapoor, Indian Actor
  • 1939 – Ron Atkinson, English former footballer and manager
  • 1939 – Giannis Markopoulos, Greek composer
  • 1941 – Wilson Pickett, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – John W. Derr, American politician
  • 1943 – Kevin Dobson, American actor
  • 1943 – Toula Grivas, Greek actress
  • 1947 – B.J. Wilson, English drummer (d. 1990)
  • 1947 – Patrick Chesnais, French actor
  • 1947 – Patrick Barlow, English actor, comedian and playwright
  • 1948 – Guy Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 – Alex Higgins, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1949 – Åse Kleveland, Norwegian singer and politician
  • 1950 – Brad Dourif, American actor
  • 1950 – Richard Kretchmer, English artist and historian
  • 1950 – Rodney Milburn, American athlete (d. 1997)
  • 1950 – Larry Perkins, Australian racing driver
  • 1951 – Bill Frisell, American jazz musician
  • 1951 – Ben Cohen, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream
  • 1952 – Mike Webster, American football player (d. 2002)
  • 1956 – Ingemar Stenmark, Swedish skier
  • 1957 – György Pazdera, Hungarian bassist (Pokolgép)
  • 1957 – Christer Fuglesang, Swedish ESA astronaut
  • 1959 – Luc Besson, French producer, writer, and director
  • 1959 – Irene Cara, American actress and singer
  • 1960 – Richard Biggs, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1960 – Guy Carbonneau, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
  • 1962 – Thomas Ian Griffith, American actor
  • 1962 – James McMurtry, American folk singer/songwriter
  • 1962 – Mike Rowe, American television personality
  • 1963 – Jeff LaBar, American guitarist
  • 1963 – Vanessa L. Williams, American beauty queen, actress, and singer
  • 1964 – Bonnie Blair, American speed skater
  • 1964 – Courtney Pine, British jazz saxophonist
  • 1964 – Rozalla, Zambian singer
  • 1964 – Alex Caffi, Italian racecar driver
  • 1966 – Jerry Cantrell, American musician
  • 1967 – Miki Berenyi, English singer (Lush)
  • 1968 – Shinichiro Miki, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)
  • 1969 – Vassily Ivanchuk, Ukrainian chess player
  • 1969 – Shaun Udal, English cricketer
  • 1970 – Queen Latifah, American singer and actress
  • 1972 – Dane Cook, American comedian and actor
  • 1973 – Max Barry, Australian author
  • 1975 – Brian Griese, American football player
  • 1975 – Tomas Žvirgždauskas, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1975 – Sutton Foster, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1975 – Rodleen Getsic, American musician, civil servant
  • 1976 – Jovan Kirovski, American soccer player
  • 1976 – Tomokazu Ohka, Japanese baseball player
  • 1976 – Scott Podsednik, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Danny Murphy, English footballer
  • 1977 – Zdeno Chára, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Devin Lima, American singer
  • 1977 – Willy Sagnol, French footballer
  • 1977 – Terrmel Sledge, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Fernando Rodney, Dominican baseball player
  • 1978 – Khalilah Adams, American actress
  • 1978 – Yoshie Takeshita, Japanese volleyball player
  • 1978 – Jan Bulis, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Adam Levine, American singer (Maroon 5)
  • 1979 – Brandon Lee, American adult actor
  • 1980 – Alexei Yagudin, Russian figure skater
  • 1980 – Sophia Myles, English actress
  • 1980 – Sebastien Frey, French footballer
  • 1981 – Jang Nara, Korean singer and actress
  • 1982 – Chad Cordero, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Timo Glock German Formula 1 driver
  • 1982 – Pedro Mantorras, Angolan footballer
  • 1983 – Andy Sonnanstine, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Vonzell Solomon, American Idol Contestant
  • 1985 – Vince Lia, Australian Footballer
  • 1986 – Bia Figueiredo, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1987 – Mauro Zárate, Argentinian Footballer
  • 1987 – Gabriel Mercado, Argentinian Footballer
  • 1987 – Ben Waterworth, Australian Radio Personality
  • 1996 – Madeline Carroll, American actress

March 18 – Deaths:

  • 978 – King Edward the Martyr of England
  • 1227 – Pope Honorius III (b. 1148)
  • 1314 – Jacques DeMolay, Frankish noble, the 23rd Grand Master of the Knights Templar (b.1244)
  • 1583 – King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
  • 1584 – Tsar Ivan IV of Russia (b. 1530)
  • 1675 – Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
  • 1689 – John Dixwell, English judge (b. 1607)
  • 1696 – Robert Charnock, English conspirator
  • 1745 – Sir Robert Walpole, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1676)
  • 1746 – Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
  • 1768 – Laurence Sterne, Irish writer (b. 1713)
  • 1781 – Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (b. 1727)
  • 1823 – Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (b. 1753)
  • 1835 – Christian Gunther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian statesman and diplomat (b. 1769)
  • 1871 – Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • 1898 – Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826)
  • 1907 – Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist and politician (b. 1827)
  • 1913 – King George I of Greece (b. 1845)
  • 1936 – Eleftherios Venizelos, Former Prime minister of Greece
  • 1939 – Henry Simpson Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader (b. 1859)
  • 1941 – Henri Cornet, French cyclist (b. 1884)
  • 1945 – William Grover-Williams, British racing driver
  • 1947 – William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer (b. 1861)
  • 1962 – Walter W. Bacon, Governor of Delaware (b. 1880)
  • 1963 – Wanda Hawley, American actress (b. 1895)
  • 1964 – Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (b. 1870)
  • 1965 – King Farouk I of Egypt (b. 1920)
  • 1969 – Barbara Bates, American film actress (b. 1925)
  • 1973 – Lauritz Melchior, Danish-born American opera singer (b. 1890)
  • 1975 – Alain Grandbois, Quebec poet (b. 1900)
  • 1976 – Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1893)
  • 1977 – Marien Ngouabi, President of the Republic of the Congo (b. 1938)
  • 1977 – José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1944)
  • 1978 – Leigh Brackett, American author (b. 1915)
  • 1978 – Peggy Wood, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Erich Fromm, German-born psychologist and philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – King Umberto II of Italy, (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Kenneth E. Boulding, English economist (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Charlie Lau, American baseball player (b. 1933)
  • 1986 – Bernard Malamud, American writer (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Billy Butterfield, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1917)
  • 1990 – Robin Harris, American actor and comedian (b. 1953)
  • 1995 – Robin Jacques, illustrator of children’s books (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – Odysseas Elytis, Greek poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Eberhard Bethge, German theologian (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – John Phillips, American musician (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – R.A. Lafferty, American science fiction writer (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Gösta Winbergh, Swedish tenor (b. 1943)
  • 2003 – Karl Kling, German race car driver (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Adam Osborne, British computer pioneer (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Bill Beutel, American journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Dan Gibson, musician (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Bob Woolmer, English cricketer and Pakistan national coach (b. 1948)

March 18 – Holidays:

  • Aruba – Flag Day (1976)
  • Ancient Latvia – Bindus Diena
  • United States – National Biodiesel Day
  • Mothers Day (Nigeria)
  • Mexico – Expropiación Petrolera
  • Saint Cyril of Jerusalem (d.386)
  • Saint Alexander of Jerusalem
  • Saint Anselm
  • Saint Edward the Martyr (d.978)
  • Saint Narcissus
  • Saint Salvator

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized