On This Day In History August 17

August 17 – Events:

  • 1807 – Robert Fulton’s first American steamboat leaves New York City for Albany, New York on the Hudson River, inaugurating the first commercial steamboat service in the world.
  • 1862 – Indian Wars: The Lakota (Sioux) Dakota War of 1862 begins in Minnesota as vicious Lakota attack white settlements along the Minnesota River.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Major General JEB Stuart is assigned command of all the cavalry of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: In Charleston, South Carolina, Union batteries and ships bombard Confederate-held Fort Sumter.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Gainesville – Confederate forces defeat Union troops near Gainesville, Florida.
  • 1883 – The first public performance of the Dominican Republic’s national anthem, Himno Nacional.
  • 1907 – Pike Place Market, the longest continuously-running public farmers market in the US, opened in Seattle.
  • 1914 – World War I: Battle of Stalluponen – The German army of General Hermann von François defeats the Russian force commanded by Pavel Rennenkampf near modern-day Nesterov, Russia.
  • 1918 – Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated.
  • 1942 – U.S. Marines raid the Japanese-held Pacific island of Makin (Butaritari).
  • 1943 – World War II: The U.S. Eighth Air Force suffers the loss of 60 bombers on the Schweinfurt- Regensburg mission.
  • 1943 – World War II: The U.S. Seventh Army under General George S. Patton arrive in Messina, Italy, followed several hours later by the British 8th Army under Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery, thus completing the Allied conquest of Sicily.
  • 1943 – World War II: First Québec Conference of Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Lyon Mackenzie King begins.
  • 1945 – Indonesian Declaration of Independence.
  • 1945 Animal Farm by George Orwell is first published by Fredric Warburg
  • 1947 – The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed.
  • 1953 – Addiction: First meeting of Narcotics Anonymous in Southern California.
  • 1959 – Quake Lake: Quake Lake was formed by the magnitude 7.5 1959 Yellowstone earthquake near Hebgen Lake in Montana.
  • 1960 – Decolonization: Gabon gains independence from France.
  • 1962 – East German border guards kill 18-year-old Peter Fechter as he attempts to cross the Berlin Wall into West Berlin becoming the first victim of the wall.
  • 1969 – Category 5 Hurricane Camille hits the Mississippi coast, killing 248 people and causing $1.5 billion in damage.
  • 1970 – Venera Program: Venera 7 launched. It will later become the first spacecraft to successfully transmit data from the surface of another planet (Venus).
  • 1978 – Double Eagle II becomes first balloon to cross the Atlantic Ocean when it lands in Miserey near Paris, 137 hours after leaving Presque Isle, Maine.
  • 1979 – Two Soviet Aeroflot jetliners collide in mid-air over Ukraine, killing 156.
  • 1980 – Azaria Chamberlain disappears, likely taken by a dingo, leading to what was then the most publicized trial in Australian history.
  • 1982 – The first Compact Discs (CD’s) were released to the public in Germany.
  • 1988 – Pakistani President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and U.S. Ambassador Arnold Raphel are killed in a plane crash.
  • 1998 – Monica Lewinsky scandal: US President Bill Clinton admits in taped testimony he had an “improper physical relationship” with White House intern Monica Lewinsky. On the same day he admits before the nation he “misled people” about his relationship.
  • 1999 – A 7.4-magnitude earthquake strikes Izmit, Turkey, killing more than 17,000 and injuring 44,000.
  • 2004 – MD5 collision found by Chinese researchers.
  • 2004 – The National Assembly of Serbia unanimously adopts new state symbols for Serbia: Boze Pravde becomes the new anthem and the coat of arms is adopted for the whole country.

August 17 – Birthdays:

  • 1473 – Richard, Duke of York (d. 1483?)
  • 1562 – Hans Leo Hassler (baptized), German composer (d. 1612)
  • 1578 – Francesco Albani, Italian painter (d. 1660)
  • 1601 – Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician (d. 1665)
  • 1629 – King John III of Poland (d. 1696)
  • 1768 – Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, French general (d. 1800)
  • 1786 – Davy Crockett, American frontiersman and soldier (d. 1836)
  • 1786 – Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, mother of Queen Victoria (d. 1861)
  • 1794 – Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest (d. 1849)
  • 1828 – Jules Bernard Luys, French neurologist (d. 1897)
  • 1844 – Menelek II of Ethiopia (d. 1913)
  • 1863 – Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and naturalist (d. 1924)
  • 1866 – Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad (d. 1911)
  • 1866 – Julia Marlowe, English actress (d. 1950)
  • 1873 – John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (d. 1946)
  • 1882 – Samuel Goldwyn, Hollywood producer (d. 1974)
  • 1887 – Marcus Garvey, Jamaican-born Black rights activist (d. 1940)
  • 1887 – Charles I of Austria (d. 1922)
  • 1888 – Monty Woolley, American actor (d. 1963)
  • 1890 – Harry Hopkins, 8th United States Secretary of Commerce (d. 1946)
  • 1890 – Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator (d. 1920)
  • 1893 – Mae West, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Leslie Groves, American military engineer (d. 1970)
  • 1904 – Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Mary Cain, American newspaper editor and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1909 – Larry Clinton, American trumpeter and bandleader (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Mikhail Botvinnik, Russian chess player (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – W. Mark Felt, American Watergate informant
  • 1913 – Rudy York, American baseball player (d. 1970)
  • 1913 – Oscar Alfredo Gálvez, Argentine racing driver (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr., son of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (d. 1988)
  • 1919 – Georgia Gibbs, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Maureen O’Hara, Irish actress
  • 1921 – Geoffrey Rudolph Elton, British historian (d. 1994)
  • 1926 – Jiang Zemin, Chinese politician
  • 1926 – George Melly, British singer (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Jean Poiret, French actor, director and screenwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1929 – Francis Gary Powers, American U-2 pilot (d. 1977)
  • 1930 – Glenn Corbett, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Ted Hughes, English poet (d. 1998)
  • 1932 – V. S. Naipaul, West Indian writer, Nobel Laureate
  • 1933 – Eugene F. Kranz, American NASA executive
  • 1933 – Mark Dinning, American singer (d. 1986)
  • 1935 – Oleg Tabakov, Russian actor
  • 1936 – Floyd Red Crow Westerman, Native American musician-actor (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric
  • 1938 – Theodoros Pangalos, Greek politician
  • 1939 – Luther Allison, American musician
  • 1939 – Anthony Valentine, British actor
  • 1940 – Eduardo Mignogna, Argentinian film director (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Jean Pierre Lefebvre, French Canadian film director
  • 1941 – Boog Powell, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Robert De Niro, American actor
  • 1943 – Dave “Snaker” Ray, American musician (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Lawrence Joseph Ellison, CEO of Oracle Corporation, Billionaire
  • 1946 – Martha Coolidge, American film director
  • 1947 – Gary Talley, American guitarist (Box Tops)
  • 1947 – Sylvia Nasar, German-born American economist and author
  • 1948 – Rod MacDonald, American musician
  • 1949 – Sib Hashian, American drummer (Boston)
  • 1951 – Robert Joy, Canadian actor
  • 1951 – Alan Minter, British boxer
  • 1952 – Nelson Piquet, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1952 – Dr. Mario Theissen, German F1 team principal (BMW Sauber)
  • 1952 – Guillermo Vilas, Argentinian tennis player
  • 1953 – Judith Regan, American book publisher
  • 1953 – Kevin Rowland, English musician (Dexys Midnight Runners)
  • 1954 – Eric Johnson, American guitarist
  • 1955 – Richard Hilton, American heir
  • 1956 – Gail Berman, American film executive
  • 1956 – Álvaro Pino, Spanish cyclist
  • 1957 – Robin Cousins, British figure skater
  • 1958 – Belinda Carlisle, American singer
  • 1958 – Kirk Stevens, Canadian snooker player
  • 1959 – David Koresh, American cult leader (d. 1993)
  • 1959 – Jonathan Franzen, American author
  • 1960 – Sean Penn, American actor and director
  • 1960 – Stephan Eicher, Swiss singer
  • 1962 – Gilby Clarke, American musician (Guns N’ Roses)
  • 1963 – S. Shankar, Indian film director.
  • 1964 – Colin James, Canadian musician
  • 1966 – Maysa Leak, American Jazz Singer
  • 1966 – Rodney Mullen, American skateboarder
  • 1966 – Don Sweeney, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Kevin Max, American singer (dc_talk)
  • 1968 – Ed McCaffrey, American football player
  • 1968 – Helen McCrory, English actress
  • 1969 – Christian Laettner, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Donnie Wahlberg, American actor and singer
  • 1970 – Jim Courier, American tennis player
  • 1970 – Rupert Degas, English actor and voice artist
  • 1970 – Oyvind Leonhardsen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1971 – Jorge Posada, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1971 – Uhm Jung-hwa, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1972 – Habibul Bashar, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1972 – Ken Ryker, American pornographic actor
  • 1974 – Tony Hajjar, Lebanese drummer (At the Drive-In, Sparta)
  • 1974 – Nicola Kraus, American novelist
  • 1975 – Giuliana DePandi, Italian-born American television personality
  • 1975 – Ilhan Mansiz, Turkish footballer
  • 1976 – Scott Halberstadt, American actor
  • 1977 – Thierry Henry, French footballer
  • 1977 – Tarja Turunen, Finnish singer
  • 1977 – William Gallas, French footballer
  • 1978 – Vibeke Stene, Norwegian singer (Tristania)
  • 1978 – Karena Lam, Hong Kong actress
  • 1979 – Antwaan Randle El, American football player
  • 1979 – Marcus Patric, British actor
  • 1980 – Lene Marlin, Norwegian singer
  • 1980 – Keith Dabengwa, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1980 – Jan Kromkamp, Dutch footballer
  • 1982 – Melissa Anderson, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Phil Jagielka, English footballer
  • 1983 – Dustin Pedroia, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Dee Brown, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Yu Aoi, Japanese actress
  • 1986 – Rudy Gay, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Tyrus Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Erika Toda, Japanese actress
  • 1990 – Rachel Hurd-Wood, British actress
  • 1990 – Colin Bates, American actor
  • 1996 – Ella Cruz, Filipina actress

August 17 – Deaths:

  • 1153 – Eustace IV of Boulogne, son of Stephen of England (b. 1130)
  • 1304 – Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (b. 1243)
  • 1510 – Edmund Dudley, English statesman (b. 1462)
  • 1657 – Robert Blake, British admiral (b. 1599)
  • 1673 – Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist (b. 1641)
  • 1676 – Hans Jakob Christoph von Grimmelshausen, German novelist (b. 1621)
  • 1720 – Anne Lefèvre, French scholar (b. 1654)
  • 1723 – Joseph Bingham, English scholar (b. 1668)
  • 1768 – Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky, Russian poet (b. 1703)
  • 1785 – Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of the Colony and the state of Connecticut (b. 1710)
  • 1786 – King Frederick II of Prussia (b. 1712)
  • 1834 – Husein Gradašcevic, Bosnian rebel leader (b. 1802)
  • 1850 – Don José de San Martín, Argentine general (b. 1778)
  • 1861 – Alcée Louis la Branche, American Politician (b. 1806)
  • 1875 – Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (b. 1827)
  • 1880 – Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist (b. 1810)
  • 1896 – Bridget Driscoll, world’s first automobile fatality
  • 1901 – Edmond Audran, French composer (b. 1842)
  • 1903 – Hans Gude, Norwegian romanticist landscape painter (b. 1825)
  • 1918 – Moisei Uritsky, Russian revolutionary (b. 1873)
  • 1920 – Ray Chapman, American baseball player (b. 1891)
  • 1925 – Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer of Romanian origin (b. 1848)
  • 1940 – Billy Fiske, American aviator and Olympic athlete (b. 1911)
  • 1954 – Billy Murray, American recording artist (b. 1877)
  • 1962 – Peter Fechter trying to cross the Berlin Wall (b. 1944)
  • 1969 – Otto Stern, German physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Rattana Pestonji, Thai filmmaker (b. 1908)
  • 1971 – Wilhelm List, German field marshal (b. 1880)
  • 1973 – Jean Barraqué, French composer (b. 1928)
  • 1973 – Paul Williams, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1939)
  • 1973 – Conrad Aiken, American author (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Vivian Vance, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1983 – Ira Gershwin, American lyricist (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Rudolf Hess, Nazi deputy (b. 1894)
  • 1988 – Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, 6th President of Pakistan (b. 1924)
  • 1988 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr., son of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Victoria Shaw, Australian-born American actress (b. 1935)
  • 1990 – Pearl Bailey, American singer and actress (b. 1918)
  • 1992 – Al Parker, American adult film actor (b. 1952)
  • 1993 – Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Luigi Chinetti, Italian-American race car driver and team owner (NART; b. 1901)
  • 1994 – Jack Sharkey, American boxer (b. 1902)
  • 1995 – Howard Koch, American screenwriter (b. 1902)
  • 1995 – Ted Whitten, Australian rules footballer (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Thea Astley, Australian writer (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Gérard Souzay, French baritone (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – John Bahcall, American astrophysicist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Bill Deedes, British journalist and politician (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Eddie Griffin, American basketball player (b. 1982)

August 17 – Holidays:

  • Independence Day – observance in Indonesia.
  • Slovenia: Slovenians in Prekmurje Incorporated into the Mother Nation Day

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On This Day in History August 16

August 16 – Events:

  • 1513 – Battle of Guinegate (Battle of the Spurs) – King Henry VIII of England defeats French Forces who were forced to retreat.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden – The British defeat the Americans near Camden, South Carolina.
  • 1792 – Maximilien Robespierre presents the petition of the Commune of Paris to the Legislative Assembly, which demanded the formation of a revolutionary tribunal.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: American General William Hull surrenders Fort Detroit without a fight to the British Army.
  • 1819 – Eleven people die and 400 are injured by cavalry charges at the Peterloo Massacre at a public meeting at St. Peter’s Field, Manchester, England.
  • 1841 – U.S. President John Tyler vetoes a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. Enraged Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.
  • 1858 – U.S. President James Buchanan inaugurates the new transatlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. However, a weak signal will force a shutdown of the service in a few weeks.
  • 1865 – Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.
  • 1868 – Arica, Peru (now Chile) is devastated by a tsunami which followed a magnitude 8.5 earthquake in the Peru-Chile Trench off the coast. The earthquake and tsunami killed an estimated 25,000 people in Arica and perhaps 70,000 people in all.
  • 1869 – Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Mars-La-Tour is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.
  • 1896 – Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and Dawson Charlie discover gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.
  • 1913 – Tohoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tohoku University) admits its first female students.
  • 1914 – World War I: Battle of Cer begins.
  • 1920 – Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit in the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day. To date, Chapman is the only player to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game.
  • 1920 – The congress of the Communist Party of Bukhara opens. The congress would call for armed revolution.
  • 1930 – The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Communist Party is banned in German-occupied Norway.
  • 1942 – World War II: The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappears without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifts without her crew and crash-lands in Daly City, California.
  • 1944 – First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
  • 1945 – An assassination attempt was made on Japan’s prime minister, Kantaro Suzuki.
  • 1945 – Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, was captured by Soviet troops.
  • 1946 – The Japan Business Federation, or Keidanren, is established, and Ichiro Ishikawa is appointed its representative.
  • 1960 – Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1960 – Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at 102,800 feet (31,330 m), setting three records: High-altitude jump, free-fall, and fastest speed by a human without an aircraft.
  • 1962 – Pete Best replaced by Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey) as drummer for The Beatles.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: A coup d’état replaces Duong Van Minh with General Nguyen Khanh as President of South Vietnam. A new constitution is established with aid from the U.S. Embassy.
  • 1966 – Vietnam War: The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Americans who have aided the Viet Cong. The committee intends to introduce legislation making these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 people are arrested.
  • 1972 – The Royal Moroccan Air Force fires upon, in an unsuccessful coup d’état attempt, Hassan II of Morocco’s plane while he is traveling back to Rabat.
  • 1987 – A McDonnell Douglas MD-82 carrying Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashes on take-off from Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Romulus, Michigan (Detroit), killing 155 passengers and crew. The sole survivor is four-year-old Cecelia Cichan.
  • 1992 – In response to an appeal by President Fernando Collor de Mello to wear green and yellow as a way to show support for him, thousands of Brazilians take to the streets dressed in black.
  • 2003 – U.S. Representative from South Dakota Bill Janklow hits and kills a motorcyclist with his car at a rural intersection near Trent, South Dakota; he will eventually be convicted of manslaughter and will resign from Congress.
  • 2005 – West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashes near Machiques, Venezuela, killing the 160 aboard.

August 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1355 – Philippa Plantagenet, Countess of Ulster
  • 1378 – Hongxi Emperor of China (d. 1425)
  • 1401 – Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, dauphine of France (d. 1436)
  • 1557 – Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (d. 1602)
  • 1573 – Anna of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1598)
  • 1596 – Frederick V, Elector Palatine (d. 1632)
  • 1637 – Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and poet (d. 1706)
  • 1645 – Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (d. 1696)
  • 1650 – Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist (d. 1718)
  • 1682 – Louis, duc de Bourgogne, heir-apparent to the French throne (d. 1712)
  • 1761 – Yevstigney Fomin, Russian composer (d. 1800)
  • 1815 – John Bosco, Italian priest and educator (d. 1888)
  • 1820 – Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian politician (d. 1892)
  • 1831 – John Jones Ross, Quebec politician (d. 1901)
  • 1832 – Wilhelm Wundt, German psychologist (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (d. 1922)
  • 1845 – Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1921)
  • 1858 – Arthur Achleitner, German writer (d. 1927)
  • 1860 – Jules Laforgue, French poet (d. 1887)
  • 1862 – Amos Alonzo Stagg, American coach (d. 1965)
  • 1868 – Bernarr McFadden, American publisher (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator (d. 1942)
  • 1884 – Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born editor and publisher (d. 1967)
  • 1884 – Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (d. 1942)
  • 1888 – T. E. Lawrence, English writer and soldier (d. 1935)
  • 1888 – Armand J. Piron, American musician (d. 1943)
  • 1892 – Otto Messmer, American cartoonist (d. 1983)
  • 1894 – George Meany, American labor union leader (d. 1980)
  • 1895 – Albert Cohen, Swiss novelist (d. 1981)
  • 1895 – Liane Haid, Austrian actress (d. 2000)
  • 1902 – Georgette Heyer, English novelist (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Wendell Meredith Stanley, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1908 – William Maxwell, American novelist and editor (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – E. F. Schumacher, German economist and statistician (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Ted Drake, English footballer (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Menachem Begin, 6th Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Al Hibbler, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Iggy Katona, American race car driver (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Charles Bukowski, American poet (d. 1994)
  • 1922 – Ernie Freeman, American pianist and arranger (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian playwright
  • 1924 – Fess Parker, American actor
  • 1925 – Willie Jones, American baseball player (d. 1983)
  • 1928 – Ann Blyth, American actress
  • 1929 – Bill Evans, American jazz pianist (d. 1980)
  • 1929 – Helmut Rahn, German footballer (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Fritz Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Robert Culp, American actor
  • 1930 – Frank Gifford, American football player and announcer
  • 1930 – Tony Trabert, American former tennis player
  • 1931 – Eydie Gormé, American singer
  • 1933 – Julie Newmar, American actress
  • 1933 – Stuart Roosa, American astronaut (d. 1994)
  • 1934 – Diana Wynne Jones, British author
  • 1934 – Ketty Lester, American singer
  • 1934 – Pierre Richard, French actor
  • 1935 – Andreas Stamatiadis, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1935 – Cliff Fletcher, Canadian National Hockey League executive
  • 1937 – David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • 1939 – Sir Trevor Mcdonald, Trinidadian-born British television newsreader
  • 1940 – Bruce Beresford, Australian film director
  • 1942 – Barbara George, American singer and songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Suzanne Farrell, ballet dancer
  • 1946 – Massoud Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician
  • 1946 – Lesley Ann Warren, American actress
  • 1946 – Dick Murdoch, American professional wrestler (d. 1996)
  • 1947 – Carol Moseley Braun, American politician and lawyer
  • 1947 – Katharine Hamnett, English fashion designer
  • 1947 – Marc Messier, Canadian actor
  • 1948 – Mike Jorgensen, American baseball player
  • 1948 – Pierre Reid, Canadian politician and teacher
  • 1949 – Scott Asheton, American musician (The Stooges)
  • 1950 – Hasely Crawford, Trinidadian athlete
  • 1950 – Marshall Manesh, Iranian-born American actor
  • 1950 – Stockwell Day, Canadian politician
  • 1950 – Jeff Thomson, Australian cricketer
  • 1951 – Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (d. 1992)
  • 1952 – Reginald VelJohnson, American actor
  • 1953 – Kathie Lee Gifford, American singer and actress
  • 1953 – James “J.T.” Taylor, American singer (Kool & The Gang)
  • 1954 – James Cameron, Canadian film director
  • 1957 – Tim Farriss, Australian musician (INXS)
  • 1958 – Angela Bassett, American actress
  • 1958 – Madonna, American singer and actress
  • 1958 – José Luis Clerc, Argentine tennis player
  • 1960 – Timothy Hutton, American actor
  • 1961 – Christian Okoye, former American football player
  • 1962 – Steve Carell, American actor and comedian
  • 1964 – Jimmy Arias, American tennis player
  • 1966 – Barry Lather, American choreographer, musician and actor
  • 1967 – Ulrika Jonsson, Swedish television personality
  • 1967 – Pamela Smart, American convicted murderess
  • 1968 – Mateja Svet, Slovenian alpine skier
  • 1970 – Bonnie Bernstein, American sportscaster
  • 1970 – Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (d. 1995)
  • 1970 – Manisha Koirala, Indian actress
  • 1970 – Saif Ali Khan, Indian actor
  • 1971 – Stefan Klos, German footballer
  • 1972 – Stan Lazaridis, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – Emily Robison, American country singer, instrumentalist and songwriter (Dixie Chicks)
  • 1973 – Damian Jackson, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Roger Cedeño, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1974 – Shivnarine Chanderpaul, Guyanese cricketer
  • 1974 – Krisztina Egerszegi, Hungarian swimmer
  • 1974 – Iván Hurtado, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1975 – Didier Agathe, French footballer
  • 1975 – George Stults, American actor
  • 1976 – Jonatan Johansson, Finnish footballer
  • 1976 – Dave Ockun, American concert producer
  • 1978 – Eddie Gill, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Fu Mingxia, Chinese female diver
  • 1979 – Michael Stahlman, American rower and coach
  • 1980 – Vanessa Carlton, American singer/songwriter
  • 1980 – Robert Hardy, English bassist (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1981 – Roque Santa Cruz, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1981 – Taylor Rain, American pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Joleon Lescott, English footballer
  • 1983 – Colin Griffiths, English TV presenter and DJ
  • 1983 – Nikos Zisis, Greek basketball player
  • 1983 – Colt Brennan, University of Hawai’i Quarterback
  • 1985 – Agnes Bruckner, American actress
  • 1986 – Shawn Pyfrom, American actor
  • 1987 – Kyal Marsh, Australian actor
  • 1988 – Kevin Schmidt, American actor
  • 1988 – Rumer Willis, American actress
  • 1988 – Amandah Wilkinson, Australian musician
  • 1991 – Evanna Lynch, Irish actress
  • 1991 – Sarah-Jeanne Labrosse, Canadian actress

August 16 – Deaths:

  • 1027 – Giorgi I, King of Georgia (b. 998)
  • 1297 – John II of Trebizond (b. 1262)
  • 1327 – Roch, French saint (b. 1295)
  • 1358 – Duke Albert II of Austria (b. 1298)
  • 1419 – Wenceslaus, King of the Romans, King of Bohemia (b. 1361)
  • 1443 – Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1434)
  • 1445 – Margaret of Scotland (Dauphine of France), wife of the future King Louis XI (b. 1424)
  • 1518 – Loyset Compère, French composer
  • 1532 – John, Elector of Saxony (b. 1468)
  • 1661 – Thomas Fuller, English churchman and historian (b. 1608)
  • 1678 – Andrew Marvell, English poet (b. 1621)
  • 1705 – Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and scientist (b. 1654)
  • 1733 – Matthew Tindal, English deist (b. 1657)
  • 1791 – Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1719)
  • 1836 – Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (b. 1755)
  • 1855 – Henry Colburn, British publisher
  • 1886 – Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda (b. 1836)
  • 1888 – John Pemberton, American druggist and inventor of Coca-Cola (b. 1831)
  • 1893 – Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (b. 1825)
  • 1899 – Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist (b. 1811)
  • 1900 – Eça de Queirós, Portuguese writer (b. 1845)
  • 1907 – James Hector, Scottish geologist (b. 1834)
  • 1921 – King Peter I of Serbia (b. 1844)
  • 1938 – Robert Johnson, American blues singer and guitarist (b. 1911)
  • 1938 – Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and priest (b. 1864)
  • 1948 – Babe Ruth, American baseball player (b. 1895)
  • 1949 – Margaret Mitchell, American novelist (b. 1900)
  • 1951 – Louis Jouvet, French actor and producer (b. 1887)
  • 1952 – Lydia Field Emmet, American painter (b. 1866)
  • 1956 – Bela Lugosi, Hungarian actor (b. 1882)
  • 1957 – Irving Langmuir, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Wanda Landowska, Polish harpsichordist (b. 1879)
  • 1961 – Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Modern Urdu (b. 1870)
  • 1971 – Spyros Skouras, Greek-American movie executive, chairman of the Twentieth Century Fox (b. 1893)
  • 1972 – Pierre Brasseur, French actor (b. 1905)
  • 1973 – Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-born biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1975 – Vladimir Kuts, Ukrainian-born runner (b. 1927)
  • 1977 – Elvis Presley, American singer and actor (b. 1935)
  • 1978 – Alidius Warmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1888)
  • 1979 – John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1895)
  • 1983 – Earl Averill, American baseball player (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Jaime Saenz, Bolivian poet, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Amanda Blake, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 1990 – Pat O’Connor, New Zealand professional wrestler (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Luigi Zampa, Italian film director (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Stewart Granger, British film actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – J.P. McCarthy, American radio personality (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician (b. 1948)
  • 1997 – Gerard McLarnon, Irish playwright and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1999 – Pee Wee King, American country musician and songwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Jeff Corey, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Abu Nidal, Palestinian political leader (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – John Roseboro, American baseball player and coach (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Idi Amin, Ugandan dictator (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Ivan Hlinka, Czech ice hockey coach (b. 1950)
  • 2004 – Carl Mydans, American photographer (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Robert Quiroga, American boxer (b. 1969)
  • 2005 – Joe Ranft, American animator (b. 1960)
  • 2005 – Frère Roger, Swiss monk and mystic (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Vassar Clements, American musician (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – William Corlett, English children’s writer(b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Vicky Moscholiou, Greek singer (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Alex Buzo, Australian playwright and author (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Herschel Green, American pilot (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish musician (b. 1975)
  • 2006 – Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Max Roach, American percussionist, drummer, and composer (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Bahaedin Adab, Iranian MP (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – The Missing Link, professional wrestler

August 16 – Holidays:

  • Palio dell’Assunta in Siena (on the day after the Assumption of Mary)
  • Bennington Battle Day: legal holiday in Vermont, USA, for the Battle of Bennington in 1777 (which actually took place in the state of New York)

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On This Day in History August 15

August 15 – Events:

  • 778 – The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, in which Roland is killed.
  • 927 – The Saracens are conquered and destroyed Taranto.
  • 1040 – King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scotland.
  • 1057 – King Mac Bethad is killed in the Battle of Lumphanan by the forces of Máel Coluim mac Donnchada.
  • 1185 – The cave city of Vardzia is consecrated by Queen Tamar of Georgia.
  • 1248 – The foundation stone of the Cologne Cathedral, built to house the relics of the Three Wise Men, was laid. Construction eventually completed in 1880.
  • 1261 – Michael VIII Palaeologus is crowned Byzantine emperor in Constantinople.
  • 1309 – The city of Rhodes surrenders to the forces of the Knights of St. John, completing their conquest of Rhodes. The knights establish their headquarters on the island, and rename themselves as the Knights of Rhodes.
  • 1461 – The Empire of Trebizond surrenders to the forces of Sultan Mehmet II. This is the real end of the Byzantine Empire. Emperor David is exiled and later murdered.
  • 1517 – Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.
  • 1519 – Panama City, Panama, is founded.
  • 1534 – Saint Ignatius of Loyola and six classmates took initial vows that would lead to the creation of the Society of Jesus in September of 1540.
  • 1537 – Asunción, Paraguay, is founded.
  • 1540 – Arequipa, Peru, is founded.
  • 1549 – Jesuit priest Saint Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: July 22, 1549).
  • 1599 – Nine Years War: Battle of Curlew Pass – Irish forces led by Hugh Roe O’Donnell successfully ambush English forces, led by Sir Conyers Clifford, were sent to relieve Collooney Castle.
  • 1760 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Liegnitz – Frederick the Great’s victory over the Austrians under Ernst von Laudon.
  • 1824 – Freed American slaves form Liberia.
  • 1843 – The Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, Hawaii is dedicated. Now the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, it is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral in continuous use in the United States.
  • 1843 – Tivoli Gardens, one of the oldest still intact amusement parks in the world, opens in Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • 1863 – The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
  • 1869 – Meiji government establishes six ministries below Pardication (ja:???) in the bottom of Cabinet, officer-of-Shinto-Worship, and jurisdiction of Cabinet.
  • 1889 – Oldest Club of Asia Mohun Bagan AC Established in Kolkata, India.
  • 1914 – A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright set fire to the living quarters of the architect’s Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murdered seven people, and burned the living quarters to the ground.
  • 1914 – The Panama Canal opens to traffic with the transit of the cargo ship Ancon.
  • 1920 – Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw – Poles defeat the Red Army.
  • 1935 – Will Rogers and Wiley Post are killed after engine problems during takeoff in Barrow, Alaska.
  • 1939 – 13 Stukas dive into the ground during a disastrous air-practice at Neuhammer. No survivors.
  • 1942 – World War II: Operation Pedestal – The SS Ohio reaches the island of Malta barely afloat carrying vital fuel supplies for the island defenses.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Dragoon – Allied forces land in southern France.
  • 1945 – World War II: Victory over Japan Day – Japan surrenders.
  • 1945 – World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • 1947 – India gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes an independent nation within the Commonwealth , Jawaharlal Nehru addresses the nation with the Indian Declaration of Independence and takes office as the first Prime Minister of India.
  • 1947 – Founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah is sworn in as first Governor General of Pakistan at Karachi.
  • 1948 – The Republic of Korea is established south of the 38th parallel north.
  • 1950 – Srikakulam district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • 1952 – Devon, United Kingdom A flashflood drenches the town of Lynmouth, killing 34 people.
  • 1960 – Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) declares its independence from France.
  • 1961 – Conrad Schumann flees from East Germany while on duty guarding the construction of the Berlin Wall.
  • 1965 – The Beatles play to nearly 60,000 fans at Shea Stadium in New York City, marking the birth of stadium rock.
  • 1969 – The Woodstock Music and Art Festival opens.
  • 1971 – President Richard Nixon completes the break from the gold standard by ending convertibility of the United States dollar into gold by foreign investors.
  • 1971 – Bahrain Independence Day.
  • 1973 – Vietnam War: The United States bombing of Cambodia ends.
  • 1974 – Seoul Subway Line 1 opened, between Seoul Station and Cheongnyangni Station
  • 1974 – Yuk Young-soo, First Lady of South Korea is killed amid an apparent assassination attempt upon President of South Korea, Park Chung-hee, during the anniversarial ceremony of the Liberation day.
  • 1974 – Turkish invasion of Cyprus continues, and the 37% of the island is now under Turkish control.
  • 1975 – Military coup in Bangladesh. Sheikh Mujibur Rehman killed along with all family members, except Haseena Wajid.
  • 1975 – Miki Takeo makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by a sitting prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II.
  • 1977 – The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by The Ohio State University as part of the SETI project, receives a radio signal from deep space; the event is named the “Wow! signal” for notation made by a volunteer on the project.
  • 1984 – PKK, Kurdish people in Turkey gain arms and start a Guerrilla warfare campaign against the Turkish military
  • 1993 – Junko Asari wins the women’s marathon in the World Athletics Championships in Stuttgart, Japan’s first major women’s athletics victory.
  • 1995 – In South Carolina, Shannon Faulkner becomes the first female cadet matriculated at The Citadel, but drops out in less than a week.
  • 1998 – Omagh bomb in Northern Ireland, becoming the worst terrorist incident of The Troubles
  • 1999 – Beni Ounif massacre in Algeria; some 29 people killed at a false roadblock near the Moroccan border, leading to temporary tensions with Morocco.
  • 2007 – An 8.0-magnitude earthquake off the Pacific coast devastates Ica and various regions of Peru killing 514 and injuring 1,090.

August 15 – Birthdays:

  • 1171 – King Alfonso IX of Leon (d. 1230)
  • 1195 – Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint (d. 1231)
  • 1432 – Luigi Pulci, Italian poet (d. 1484)
  • 1575 – Bartol Kašic, Croatian writer and linguist (d. 1650)
  • 1613 – Gilles Ménage, French scholar (d. 1692)
  • 1717 – Blind Jack, English roadbuilder (d. 1810)
  • 1740 – Matthias Claudius, German poet (d. 1815)
  • 1769 – Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French (d. 1821)
  • 1771 – Sir Walter Scott, Scottish novelist and poet (d. 1832)
  • 1785 – Thomas De Quincey, English author (d. 1859)
  • 1813 – Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic (d. 1891)
  • 1844 – Thomas-Alfred Bernier, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1908)
  • 1856 – Ivan Franko, Ukrainian writer (d. 1916)
  • 1857 – Albert Ballin, German shipping tycoon (d. 1918)
  • 1858 – E. Nesbit, English author (d. 1924)
  • 1859 – Charles Comiskey, American baseball owner (d. 1931)
  • 1860 – Henrietta Vinton Davis, American elocutionist (d. 1941)
  • 1860 – Florence Harding, American First Lady (d. 1924)
  • 1863 – Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1865 – Usui Mikao, founder of Reiki (d. 1926)
  • 1872 – Sri Aurobindo, Indian writer and philosopher (d. 1950)
  • 1875 – Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, English composer (d. 1912)
  • 1878 – Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1928)
  • 1879 – Ethel Barrymore, American actress (d. 1959)
  • 1881 – Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist (d. 1956)
  • 1883 – Ivan Meštrovic, Croatian sculptor (d. 1962)
  • 1885 – Edna Ferber, American novelist (d. 1968)
  • 1890 – Elizabeth Bolden, American Supercentenarian (d. 2006)
  • 1890 – Jacques Ibert, French composer (d. 1962)
  • 1892 – Louis, 7th duc de Broglie, French physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1893 – Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer (d. 1950)
  • 1896 – Gerty Cori, Austrian-born biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1896 – Catherine Doherty, Russian-born Canadian activist (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Paul Outerbridge, American photographer (d. 1958)
  • 1896 – Leon Theremin, Russian inventor (d. 1993)
  • 1898 – Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (d. 1966)
  • 1901 – Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (d. 1975)
  • 1909 – Hugo Winterhalter, American composer and bandleader (d. 1973)
  • 1910 – Signe Hasso, Swedish actress (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Julia Child, American cook (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Dame Wendy Hiller, English actress (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Paul Rand, American graphic designer (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer
  • 1917 – Jack Lynch, fourth Taoiseach (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Oscar Romero, El Salvador Roman catholic priest (d. 1980)
  • 1919 – Huntz Hall, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Benedict Kiely, Irish author
  • 1922 – Lukas Foss, German-born composer
  • 1923 – Rose Marie, American actress
  • 1924 – Robert Bolt, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1925 – Mike Connors, American actor
  • 1925 – Oscar Peterson, Canadian jazz pianist (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Bill Pinkney, baritone singer (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Costis Stephanopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1928 – Nicolas Roeg, English film director
  • 1930 – Ageeda Paavel, Estonian freedom fighter
  • 1933 – Bobby Helms, American pop singer (d. 1997)
  • 1933 – Jim Lange, American game show host
  • 1934 – Bobby Byrd, American soul/funk singer (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Nino Ferrer, French-Italian singer (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Jim Dale, English actor
  • 1935 – Vernon Jordan Jr., American presidential advisor
  • 1935 – Lionel Taylor, American football player
  • 1938 – Maxine Waters, American politician
  • 1938 – Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish writer
  • 1940 – Gudrun Ensslin, German terrorist
  • 1940 – Rita Shane, American soprano
  • 1942 – Larry Hartsell, American martial arts instructor (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – María Rojo, Mexican actress and politician
  • 1944 – Linda Ellerbee, American journalist
  • 1944 – Tom Murphy, American politician
  • 1944 – Dimitris Sioufas, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1944 – Sylvie Vartan, Bulgarian pop singer
  • 1945 – Mahamandaleshwar Paramhans Swami Maheshwarananda, Indian guru
  • 1945 – Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician
  • 1945 – Gene Upshaw, American NFL executive
  • 1946 – Tony Robinson, English actor and television presenter
  • 1946 – Jimmy Webb, American musician and composer
  • 1947 – Raakhee Gulzar, Indian actress
  • 1947 – Jenny Hanley, British TV presenter
  • 1948 – Howard Dean, American politician and physician
  • 1948 – Uschi Digard, American pornographic actress and model
  • 1948 – Patsy Gallant, Canadian pop singer
  • 1948 – George Ryton, British engineer
  • 1949 – Richard Deacon, Welsh sculptor
  • 1950 – Tommy Aldridge, American musician
  • 1950 – The Princess Anne, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom
  • 1950 – Tom Kelly, American baseball manager
  • 1951 – Daba Diawara, Malian politician
  • 1951 – Bobby Caldwell, American singer and musician
  • 1954 – Mary Jo Salter, American poet
  • 1956 – Lorraine Desmarais, French-Canadian jazz pianist and composer
  • 1957 – Željko Ivanek, Slovenian-American actor
  • 1958 – Victor Shenderovich, Russian satirist
  • 1958 – Craig MacTavish, Canadian ice hockey player/coach
  • 1958 – Rondell Sheridan, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Tom Colicchio, American chef
  • 1963 – Alejandro González Iñárritu, Mexican film director
  • 1964 – Melinda French Gates, American wife of Bill Gates
  • 1964 – Debi Mazar, American actress
  • 1965 – Rob Thomas, American writer
  • 1966 – Scott Brosius, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Shirley Kwan, Hong Kong singer
  • 1967 – Peter Hermann American actor
  • 1968 – Debra Messing, American actress
  • 1969 – Kevin Cheng, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1970 – Anthony Anderson, American comedian and actor
  • 1970 – Maddie Corman, American actress
  • 1970 – Ben Silverman, American TV executive
  • 1972 – Ben Affleck, American actor
  • 1972 – Chris Morrissey, American film director/actor
  • 1974 – Natasha Henstridge, Canadian actress
  • 1975 – Kara Wolters, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Boudewijn Zenden, Dutch football player
  • 1977 – Nicole Paggi, American actress
  • 1977 – Igor Cassina, Italian gymnast
  • 1977 – Martin Biron, professional ice hockey goaltender
  • 1978 – Tim Foreman, American bassist (Switchfoot)
  • 1978 – Lilia Podkopayeva, Ukrainian gymnast
  • 1978 – Stavros Tziortziopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Carl Edwards, American NASCAR driver
  • 1980 – Nathalie Press, English actress
  • 1981 – Brendan Hansen, American swimmer
  • 1981 – Oliver Perez, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Song Ji-hyo, South Korean actress
  • 1982 – Casey Burgener, American weightlifter
  • 1989 – Belinda, Mexican singer

August 15 – Deaths:

  • 423 – Flavius Honorius, Western Roman Emperor (b. 384)
  • 778 – Roland, Frankish commander
  • 1038 – King Stephen I of Hungary
  • 1040 – King Duncan I of Scotland
  • 1057 – King Macbeth of Scotland
  • 1118 – Alexius I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1048)
  • 1196 – Conrad II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1173)
  • 1274 – Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne (b. 1201)
  • 1369 – Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of Edward III of England
  • 1528 – Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec, French military leader (b. 1485)
  • 1552 – Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (b. 1477)
  • 1621 – John Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1582)
  • 1666 – Johann Adam Schall von Bell, German Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1714 – Constantin Brâncoveanu, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1654)
  • 1728 – Marin Marais, French composer and viol player (b. 1656)
  • 1758 – Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (b. 1698)
  • 1799 – Giuseppe Parini, Italian poet (b. 1729)
  • 1852 – Johan Gadolin, Finnish scientist (b. 1760)
  • 1880 – Adelaide Neilson, English Actress (b. 1848)
  • 1907 – Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (b. 1831)
  • 1909 – Euclides da Cunha, Brazilian writer and sociologist (b. 1866)
  • 1917 – Thomas J. Higgins, decorated Union Army soldier (b. 1831)
  • 1925 – Konrad Mägi, Estonian artist (b. 1878)
  • 1935 – Wiley Post, American pilot (airplane crash) (b. 1898)
  • 1935 – Will Rogers, American humorist and actor (airplane crash) (b. 1879)
  • 1936 – Grazia Deledda, Italian writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1945 – Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • 1951 – Artur Schnabel, Polish pianist (b. 1882)
  • 1953 – Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (b. 1875)
  • 1959 – Blind Willie McTell, American singer (b. 1901)
  • 1962 – Lei Feng, Chinese revolutionary (b. 1940)
  • 1967 – René Magritte, Belgian painter (b. 1898)
  • 1971 – Paul Lukas, Hungarian-born actor (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, President of Bangladesh (b. 1920)
  • 1975 – Clay Shaw, alleged John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracist & businessman (b. 1913)
  • 1982 – Hugo Theorell, Swedish scientist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Viktor Tsoi, Russian musician (b. 1962)
  • 1995 – John Cameron Swayze, American journalist (b. 1906)
  • 1999 – Sir Hugh Casson, British architect and artist (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Richard Chelimo, Kenyan athlete (b. 1972)
  • 2003 – Gösta Sundqvist, Finnish songwriter and singer (heart attack) (b. 1957)
  • 2004 – Semiha Berksoy, first Turkish opera singer (b. 1910)
  • 2004 – Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Te Atairangi Kaahu, Maori queen (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – John Gofman, American Manhattan Project scientist and advocate (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Geoffrey Orbell, New Zealand bush walker (b. 1908)

August 15 – Holidays:

  • VJ Day / VP Day
  • India – Independence Day (from the United Kingdom, 1947).
  • Egypt – Flooding of the Nile Day.
  • Italy, Ferragosto, remembrance of an ancient Roman holiday in honor of Augustus (Feriae Augusti).
  • Korea – Gwangbokjeol (Liberation Day).
  • Tuva – Naadym.
  • Costa Rica– Mother’s Day.
  • Eastern Orthodoxy – Feast of the Dormition of the Theotokos, the commemoration of the death of Mary, the mother of Jesus.
  • Feast day of the Assumption of Mary, the mother of Jesus, Holy Day of Obligation. Public Holiday in: Austria, Belgium, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Chile, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, East Timor, France, Greece, Guatemala, India, Italy, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mauritius, Poland, Portugal, Seychelles, Slovenia and Spain.

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On This Day in History August 14

August 14 – Events:

  • 1183 – Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan. (Traditional Japanese date: Twenty-fifth Day of the Seventh Month of the Second Year of Juei).
  • 1385 – Portuguese Crisis of 1383–1385: Battle of Aljubarrota – Portuguese forces commanded by King João I and his general Nuno Álvares Pereira defeat the Castilian army of King Juan I.
  • 1598 – Nine Years War: Battle of the Yellow Ford – Irish forces under Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone, defeat an English expeditionary force under Henry Bagenal.
  • 1842 – Indian Wars: Second Seminole War ends, with the Seminoles forced from Florida to Oklahoma.
  • 1846 – The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
  • 1848 – Oregon Territory organized by Act of U.S. Congress.
  • 1880 – Cologne Cathedral, the most famous landmark in Cologne, Germany, completed.
  • 1885 – Japan’s first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
  • 1893 – France introduces motor vehicle registration.
  • 1897 – The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • 1900 – A joint European-Japanese-United States force (Eight-Nation Alliance) occupies Beijing, in a campaign to end the bloody Boxer Rebellion in China.
  • 1901 – The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • 1908 – First beauty contest held in Folkestone, England.
  • 1911 – United States Senate leaders agree to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye’s death.
  • 1912 – United States Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S.-backed government installed there after José Santos Zelaya resigned three years earlier.
  • 1921 – Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People’s Republic is established as a completely independent country.
  • 1925 – The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is completed and goes on line.
  • 1933 – Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970 km²).
  • 1935 – United States Social Security Act passes, creating a government pension system for the retired.
  • 1936 – Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States.
  • 1937 – The beginning of air-to-air combat of the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in general, when 6 Imperial Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers were shot down by the Nationalist Chinese Air Force while raiding Chinese air bases, hence, 14 August has thus become acknowledged and celebrated as Chinese Air Force Day.
  • 1941 – World War II – Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt sign the Atlantic Charter of war stating postwar aims.
  • 1945 – Japan accepts the Allied terms of surrender in World War II and the Emperor records the Imperial Rescript on Surrender (August 15 in Japan standard time).
  • 1947 – Pakistan gains Independence from the British Indian Empire under the administration of United Kingdom and joins the British Commonwealth.
  • 1967 – UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act declares participation in offshore pirate radio illegal.
  • 1969 – United Kingdom troops deploy in Northern Ireland.
  • 1972 – An East German Ilyushin Il-62 crashes during takeoff from East Berlin, killing 156.
  • 1973 – The constitution of 1973 comes into effect in Pakistan
  • 1976 – The Senegalese political party PAI-Rénovation is legally recognized. PAI-Rénovation thus becomes the third legal party in the country.
  • 1980 – Lech Walesa leads strikes at Gdansk, Poland shipyards.
  • 1994 – Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, the terrorist known as “Carlos the Jackal”, is captured.
  • 2003 – Widescale power blackout in the northeast United States and Canada.
  • 2007 – The 2007 Kahtaniya bombings kills at least 400 people.

August 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1297 – Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Japan (d. 1348)
  • 1473 – Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence (d. 1541)
  • 1479 – Princess Catherine of York (d. 1527)
  • 1575 – Robert Hayman, English-born poet (d. 1629)
  • 1586 – William Hutchinson, Rhode Island colonist (d. 1642)
  • 1599 – Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (d. 1671)
  • 1625 – François de Harlay de Champvallon, Archbishop of Paris (d. 1695)
  • 1642 – Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1723)
  • 1653 – Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman (d. 1688)
  • 1688 – Frederick William I of Prussia (d. 1740)
  • 1714 – Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter (d. 1789)
  • 1727 – Henriette-Anne of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d.1752)
  • 1727 – Louise-Elisabeth of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d. 1759)
  • 1740 – Pope Pius VII (d. 1823)
  • 1758 – Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, French painter (d. 1835)
  • 1777 – Francis I of the Two Sicilies (d. 1830)
  • 1777 – Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist (d. 1851)
  • 1817 – Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (d. 1874)
  • 1840 – Richard von Krafft-Ebing, German psychologist (d. 1902)
  • 1847 – Robert Comtesse, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1922)
  • 1851 – Doc Holliday, American gambler and dentist (d. 1887)
  • 1857 – Max Wagenknecht, German composer (d. 1922)
  • 1863 – Ernest Thayer, American poet (d. 1940)
  • 1865 – Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician (d. 1952)
  • 1866 – Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (d. 1962)
  • 1867 – John Galsworthy, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1933)
  • 1867 – Cupid Childs, American baseball player (d. 1912)
  • 1876 – Aleksandar Obrenovic, King of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • 1881 – Francis Ford, American actor (d. 1953)
  • 1882 – Gisela Richter, English art historian (d. 1972)
  • 1908 – Manos Katrakis, Greek actor (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Pierre Schaeffer, French composer (d. 1955)
  • 1911 – Vethathiri, Indian yogi (d. 2006)
  • 1913 – Paul Dean, American baseball player (d. 1981)
  • 1916 – Wellington Mara, Co-Owner of the New York Giants (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Georges Prêtre, French conductor
  • 1925 – Russell Baker, American columnist
  • 1926 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – René Goscinny, French comic-strip author (d. 1977)
  • 1926 – Lina Wertmüller, Italian film director
  • 1929 – Dick Tiger, Nigerian boxer (d. 1971)
  • 1930 – Earl Weaver, American baseball manager
  • 1932 – Lee Hoffman, American author (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist and Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1935 – John Brodie, American football player
  • 1940 – Dash Crofts, American musician
  • 1941 – David Crosby, American musician
  • 1941 – Connie Smith, American singer
  • 1942 – Jackie Oliver, English race car driver
  • 1943 – Jimmy Johnson, American football coach
  • 1945 – Steve Martin, American comedian
  • 1945 – Wim Wenders, German-born film director
  • 1946 – Antonio Fargas, American actor
  • 1946 – Susan Saint James, American actress
  • 1946 – Larry Graham, American musician
  • 1947 – Peter Christian, English actor
  • 1947 – Danielle Steel, American novelist
  • 1947 – Bruce Nash, American television producer
  • 1948 – Terry Adams, American musician (NRBQ)
  • 1950 – Bob Backlund, American wrestler
  • 1950 – Gary Larson, American cartoonist
  • 1951 – Peter Blegvad, American musician (Slapp Happy)
  • 1952 – Carl Lumbly, American actor
  • 1952 – Debbie Meyer, American swimmer
  • 1953 – James Horner, American composer
  • 1953 – Cliff Johnson, American computer game author
  • 1954 – Mark Fidrych, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Jackée Harry, American actress
  • 1956 – Andy King, English footballer
  • 1956 – Rusty Wallace, American race car driver
  • 1956 – Luther Wamble, American guitarist
  • 1957 – Peter Costello, Australian politician
  • 1957 – Gino Hernandez, American wrestler (d. 1986)
  • 1959 – Marcia Gay Harden, American actress
  • 1959 – Magic Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1960 – Sarah Brightman, English soprano
  • 1960 – Cecilia Gasdia, Italian soprano
  • 1961 – Susan Olsen, American actress
  • 1961 – “Hot Stuff” Eddie Gilbert, American wrestler (d. 1995)
  • 1964 – Brannon Braga, American scriptwriter
  • 1965 – Emmanuelle Béart, French actress
  • 1966 – Halle Berry, American actress
  • 1968 – Catherine Bell, American actress
  • 1968 – Darren Clarke, Northern Irish golfer
  • 1968 – Adrian Lester, English actor
  • 1968 – Billy Mavreas, Greek-Canadian cartoonist
  • 1969 – DJ Uncle Al, American hip-hop DJ (d. 2001)
  • 1969 – Stig Tøfting, Danish footballer
  • 1970 – Ctislav Dosedel, Czech tennis player
  • 1971 – Raoul Bova, Italian actor
  • 1972 – Jay Manuel, Canadian make-up artist
  • 1973 – Jared Borgetti, Mexican footballer
  • 1973 – Daisuke Ishiwatari, Japanese game developer and composer
  • 1973 – Jay-Jay Okocha, Nigerian footballer
  • 1973 – Kieren Perkins, Australian swimmer
  • 1974 – Chucky Atkins, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Martin Bulloch, Scottish musician (Mogwai)
  • 1974 – Christopher Gorham, American actor
  • 1974 – Ana Matronic, American singer (Scissor Sisters)
  • 1975 – Mike Vrabel, American football player
  • 1976 – Alex Albrecht, American actor
  • 1976 – Steve Braun, Canadian actor
  • 1977 – Juan Pierre, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Anastasios Kyriakos, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Kate Ritchie, Australian actress
  • 1979 – Paul Burgess, Australian athlete
  • 1979 – Yoichiro Morikawa, Japanese film director
  • 1980 – Estrella Morente, Spanish flamenco singer
  • 1980 – Roy Williams, American football player
  • 1981 – Matthew Etherington, English footballer
  • 1981 – Julius Jones, American football player
  • 1983 – Elena Baltacha, Ukrainian-born tennis player
  • 1983 – Mila Kunis, Ukrainian-born actress
  • 1983 – Leo Núñez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Clay Buchholz, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Josh Gorges, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Christian Gentner, German footballer
  • 1986 – Terin Humphrey, American gymnast
  • 1988 – Shahd Barmada, Syrian singer
  • 1989 – Kyle Turris, Canadian ice hockey player

August 14 – Deaths:

  • 582 – Tiberius II Constantine, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1167 – Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1204 – Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (b. 1182)
  • 1390 – John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (b. 1364)
  • 1430 – Philip I, Duke of Brabant (b. 1404)
  • 1433 – King John I of Portugal (b. 1357)
  • 1464 – Pope Pius II (b. 1405)
  • 1573 – Saito Tatsuoki, Japanese warlord (b. 1548)
  • 1691 – Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnel, Irish rebel (b. 1630)
  • 1704 – Roland Laporte, French Protestant leader (b. 1675)
  • 1727 – William Croft, English composer (b. 1678)
  • 1774 – Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician (b. 1716)
  • 1784 – Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born painter (b. 1718)
  • 1856 – Constant Prévost, French geologist (b. 1787)
  • 1860 – André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (b. 1774)
  • 1870 – David Farragut, American officer of the U.S. Navy (b. 1801)
  • 1874 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (b. 1821)
  • 1905 – Simeon Solomon, British artist (b. 1840)
  • 1928 – Alfred Henschke, ps. Klabund, German writer, poet (b. 1890)
  • 1926 – John H. Moffitt, American politician (b. 1843)
  • 1938 – Hugh Trumble, Australian cricketer (b. 1876)
  • 1941 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1854)
  • 1941 – Saint Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (b. 1894)
  • 1943 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player (b. 1871)
  • 1951 – William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper magnate (b. 1863)
  • 1955 – Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress (b. 1861)
  • 1956 – Bertolt Brecht, German writer (b. 1898)
  • 1958 – Frédéric Joliot, French physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1958 – Konstantin von Neurath, German diplomat (b.1873)
  • 1964 – Johnny Burnette, American Rockabilly singer (b. 1934)
  • 1967 – Bob Anderson, British racing driver (b. 1931)
  • 1972 – Pierre Brasseur, French actor (b. 1905)
  • 1972 – Oscar Levant, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1972 – Jules Romains, French author (b. 1885)
  • 1978 – Nicolas Bentley, British writer (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Dorothy Stratten, Canadian actress and model (b. 1960)
  • 1981 – Karl Böhm, Austrian conductor (b. 1894)
  • 1984 – Spud Davis, American baseball player (b. 1904)
  • 1984 – J. B. Priestley, English playwright (b. 1894)
  • 1985 – Gale Sondergaard, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Robert Calvert, South African singer (Hawkwind) (b. 1945)
  • 1988 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian car maker (b. 1898)
  • 1991 – Alberto Crespo, Argentine racing driver (b. 1920)
  • 1992 – John Sirica, American judge (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – Tony Williams, American singer (The Platters) (b. 1928)
  • 1994 – Elias Canetti, British-Austrian novelist (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Tom Mees, American sportscaster (b. 1949)
  • 1999 – Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Alain Fournier, French-born computer graphics researcher (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Dave Williams, American singer (Drowning Pool) (b. 1972)
  • 2003 – Helmut Rahn, German footballer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Czeslaw Milosz, Polish-born writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-born British politician (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Coo Coo Marlin, American race car driver (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Bruno Kirby, American actor (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian composer (b. 1913)

August 14 – Holidays:

  • Morocco – Allegiance of Oued Eddahab or Río de Oro.
  • Pakistan – Independence Day (1947).
  • Paraguay – Flag Day.

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On This Day in History August 13

August 13 – Events:

  • 3114 BC – According to the Lounsbury correlation, the Maya calendar starts.
  • 1315 – Louis X of France marries Clemence d’Anjou.
  • 1326 – Aradia de Toscano, according to legend/folklore, is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult, subsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria later known as the Malandanti.
  • 1415 – Hundred Years’ War: Henry V of England lands at Chef-en-Caux, France with 8000 men.
  • 1516 – Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain signed. In it, Francis recognises Charles’s claim to Naples, and Charles recognizes Francis’s claim to Milan.
  • 1521 – Tenochtitlán (present day Mexico City) falls to conquistador Hernán Cortés.
  • 1536 – Buddhist monks from Kyoto’s Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).
  • 1553 – Michael Servetus arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.
  • 1704 – War of the Spanish Succession: Battle of Blenheim – English and Austrians victorious over French and Bavarians.
  • 1814 – The Convention of London, a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces, is signed in London.
  • 1904 – Lightning strikes the belltower of the Kirtland Temple. A bucket brigade barely saves the historic structure.
  • 1905 – Norway holds referendum in favour of dissolving the union with Sweden.
  • 1913 – Otto Witte, an acrobat, is crowned King of Albania.
  • 1913 – Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
  • 1918 – Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time. Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enlist.
  • 1918 – Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.
  • 1920 – Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw begins, lasts till August 25. The Red Army is defeated.
  • 1923 – First major sea-going ship arrives at Gdynia, newly constructed Polish seaport.
  • 1937 – Battle of Shanghai begins.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain begins – The Luftwaffe launches a series of attacks on British fighter bases and radar installations.
  • 1954 – Radio Pakistan broadcasts National Anthem of Pakistan for the first time.
  • 1960 – The Central African Republic declares independence from France.
  • 1961 – The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin, to thwart its inhabitants’ attempts to escape to the West.
  • 1968 – Alexandros Panagoulis attempts to assassinate the Greek dictator Colonel G. Papadopoulos in Varkiza, Athens.
  • 2004 – Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
  • 2004 – Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
  • 2004 – 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.

August 13 – Birthdays:

  • 582 – Arnulf of Metz, French bishop and saint (d. 640)
  • 1311 – King Alfonso XI of Castile and Leon (d. 1350)
  • 1313 – Aradia de Toscano, Italian insurrectionist, teacher, and witch
  • 1584 – Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician (d. 1640)
  • 1625 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and physicist (d. 1698)
  • 1662 – Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician (d. 1748)
  • 1666 – William Wotton, English scholar (d. 1727)
  • 1700 – Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1717 – Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French military leader (d. 1776)
  • 1752 – Marie Caroline of Austria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1814)
  • 1764 – Louis Baraguey d’Hilliers, French general (d. 1816)
  • 1790 – William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician (d. 1872)
  • 1792 – Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1849)
  • 1803 – Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1869)
  • 1814 – Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (d. 1874)
  • 1818 – Lucy Stone, American suffragette (d. 1893)
  • 1819 – George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist (d. 1903)
  • 1820 – Sir George Grove, English music historian (d. 1900)
  • 1823 – Goldwin Smith, English-born historian and journalist (d. 1910)
  • 1851 – Felix Adler, German-born educator (d. 1933)
  • 1860 – Annie Oakley, American sharpshooter (d. 1926)
  • 1866 – Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist (d. 1945)
  • 1872 – Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – John Ireland, English composer (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (d. 1952)
  • 1888 – John Logie Baird, Scottish television pioneer (d. 1946)
  • 1888 – Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – Camillien Houde, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (d. 1958)
  • 1890 – Ellen Osiier, Danish Olympic champion fencer (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Bert Lahr, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – Alfred Hitchcock, English film director (d. 1980)
  • 1902 – Felix Wankel, German engineer and inventor (d. 1988)
  • 1904 – Charles ‘Buddy’ Rogers, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1907 – Sir Basil Spence, Scottish architect (d. 1976)
  • 1908 – Gene Raymond, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – William Bernbach, Famous Advertiser (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Ben Hogan, American golfer (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Salvador Luria, Italian-born biologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Fred Davis, English snooker player (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Makarios III, Archbishop and first President of Cyprus (d.1977)
  • 1914 – Luis Mariano, Basque operetta singer (d. 1970)
  • 1917 – Sid Gordon, American baseball player (d. 1975)
  • 1918 – Frederick Sanger, English chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1919 – Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Sir George Shearing, British jazz pianist
  • 1920 – Neville Brand, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1926 – Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary and politician
  • 1930 – Don Ho, American musician (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Wilmer David Mizell, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Bernard Manning, English comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Doctor Joycelyn Elders, American physician, 15th Surgeon General of the United States
  • 1935 – Mudcat Grant, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Rod Hull, British television entertainer (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Dave “Baby” Cortez, American pop keyboardist
  • 1940 – Tony Cloninger, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Erin Fleming, Canadian actress (d. 2003)
  • 1944 – Kevin Tighe, American actor
  • 1944 – Divina Galica, British athlete and racing driver
  • 1945 – Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Margareta Winberg, Swedish politician
  • 1948 – Kathleen Battle, American soprano
  • 1949 – Bobby Clarke, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Dan Fogelberg, American singer/songwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1952 – Herb Ritts, American photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1954 – Nico Assumpção, Brazilian bass player (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Paul Greengrass, English film director
  • 1955 – Keith Ahlers, British racing driver
  • 1955 – Hideo Fukuyama, Japanese racing driver
  • 1958 – Fergal Sharkey, musician
  • 1958 – Sgt. First Class Randall Shughart, posthumous Medal of Honor recipient for actions during the Battle of Mogadishu (d. 1993)
  • 1959 – Danny Bonaduce, American actor
  • 1959 – Tom Niedenfuer, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Phil “The Power” Taylor, English darts player
  • 1960 – Koji Kondo, Japanese composer
  • 1960 – Dawnn Lewis, American actress
  • 1961 – Stuart Maconie, English music writer and broadcaster
  • 1961 – Tom Perrotta, American novelist
  • 1963 – John Slattery, American actor
  • 1964 – Jay Buhner, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Hank Cheyne, American actor
  • 1965 – Hayato Matsuo, Japanese composer
  • 1965 – Ronald Gianadda, American medical dosimetrist
  • 1966 – Shayne Corson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Brian Stidham, pediatric ophthalmologist, murdered (d. 2004)
  • 1967 – Amélie Nothomb, Belgian writer
  • 1969 – Midori Ito, Japanese figure skater
  • 1970 – Will Clarke, American novelist
  • 1970 – Matt Hyson, American professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Alan Shearer, English footballer
  • 1971 – Moritz Bleibtreu, German actor
  • 1971 – Patrick Carpentier, Quebec race car driver
  • 1971 – Rolando Molina, Salvadoran-born actor
  • 1972 – Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour)
  • 1973 – Brittany Andrews, American pornographic actress
  • 1973 – Molly Henneberg, American journalist
  • 1973 – Eric Medlen, American drag racer and rodeo star (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Joe Perry, English snooker player
  • 1975 – Marty Turco, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Shoaib Akhtar, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1977 – Michael Klim, Australian swimmer
  • 1978 – Benjani Mwaruwari, Zimbabwean footballer
  • 1979 – Román Colón, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – Corey Patterson, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Taizo Sugimura, Japanese politician
  • 1982 – Shani Davis, American speed skater
  • 1983 – Ales Hemsky, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Lubomír Michalík, Slovakian footballer
  • 1983 – Sebastian Stan, Romanian-born actor
  • 1984 – Niko Kranjcar, Croatian footballer
  • 1984 – Heath Pearce, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Boone Logan, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Baby Blue, American rapper (Pretty Ricky)
  • 1992 – Katharine Close, Scripps National Spelling Bee champion

August 13 – Deaths:

  • 586 – Radegund, wife of Clotaire I
  • 900 – Zwentibold, last King of Lotharingia (b. 870)
  • 1134 – Piroska of Hungary, Empress consort of John II Comnenus
  • 1382 – Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1523 – Gerard David, Flemish painter
  • 1617 – Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (b. 1540)
  • 1667 – Jeremy Taylor, Irish author and bishop (b. 1613)
  • 1686 – Louis Maimbourg, French-born historian (b. 1610)
  • 1721 – Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (b. 1665)
  • 1744 – John Cruger, Dutch-born Mayor of New York (b. 1678)
  • 1749 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (b. 1719)
  • 1755 – Francesco Durante, Italian composer (b. 1684)
  • 1826 – René Laënnec, French physician (b. 1781)
  • 1863 – Eugène Delacroix, French painter (b. 1798)
  • 1865 – Ignaz Semmelweis, Austro-Hungarian physician (b. 1818)
  • 1910 – Florence Nightingale, English nurse (b. 1820)
  • 1912 – Jules Massenet, French composer (b. 1842)
  • 1917 – Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1937 – Arthur Plunkett, Australian civil engineer (b. unknown)
  • 1946 – H. G. Wells, English writer (b. 1866)
  • 1948 – Elaine Hammerstein, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1958 – Otto Witte, acrobat and King of Albania (b. 1868)
  • 1965 – Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Joe Tex, American singer and songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 1984 – Tigran Petrosian, Soviet/Armenian chess player (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – Tim Richmond, American race car driver (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Larkin Smith, U.S. Representative from Mississippi (b. 1944)
  • 1991 – Jack Ryan, American designer (Barbie) (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Jan Kresadlo, Czech-born writer (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Mickey Mantle, American baseball player (b. 1931)
  • 1996 – António de Spínola, Portuguese general and politician, 15 President of Portugal (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – David Tudor, American pianist and composer (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Julien Green, American novelist ((b. 1900)
  • 1998 – Nino Ferrer, French-Italian singer and composer (b. 1934)
  • 1999 – Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian, murdered (b. 1960)
  • 2000 – Nazia Hassan, Pakistani pop singer (b. 1965)
  • 2001 – Otto Stuppacher, Austrian racing driver (b. 1947)
  • 2003 – Ed Townsend, American songwriter and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Julia Child, American chef and television personality (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – David Lange, 32 Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Payao Poontarat, Thai Olympic boxer (b. 1957)
  • 2006 – Tony Jay, English actor (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Brian Adams, aka Demolition Crush, American professional wrestler (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (b. 1902)
  • 2007 – Yone Minagawa, Japanese woman, oldest person (b. 1893)
  • 2007 – Phil Rizzuto, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1917)

August 13 – Holidays:

  • International Lefthanders Day.
  • Laos – Lao Issara, Day of the Free Laos.

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On This Day in History August 12

August 12 – Events:

  • 30 BC – Cleopatra commits suicide after her lover, Mark Antony’s defeat at the battle of Actium.
  • 1099 – First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon – Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid forces under Al-Afdal Shahanshah. Considered the last engagement of the First Crusade.
  • 1121 – Battle of Didgori: The Georgian army under King David the Builder won a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.
  • 1164 – Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.
  • 1281 – The fleet of Qubilai Khan is destroyed by a typhoon while approaching Japan.
  • 1323 – Treaty of Nöteborg – Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) regulates the border for the first time.
  • 1332 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Dupplin Moor – Scots under Domhnall II, Earl of Mar routed by Edward Balliol.
  • 1480 – Battle of Otranto – Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam.
  • 1499 – First act of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets.
  • 1676 – Praying Indian John Alderman shot and killed Metacomet the Wampanoag war chief, ending King Philip’s War.
  • 1687 – Charles of Lorraine defeats the Ottomans at the Battle of Mohács.
  • 1793 – The Rhône department was created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two departments: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
  • 1806 – Santiago de Liniers re-takes the city of Buenos Aires after the first British invasion.
  • 1833 – Chicago was founded.
  • 1851 – Isaac Singer granted a patent for his sewing machine.
  • 1877 – Asaph Hall discovers Deimos.
  • 1883 – The last quagga dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
  • 1898 – Armistice ends the Spanish-American War.
  • 1898 – The Hawaiian flag is lowered from Iolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the American flag to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawai`i to the United States.
  • 1908 – First Model T Ford built.
  • 1914 – World War I – Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary; British Empire countries automatically included.
  • 1925 – The first cast of Alpha Psi Omega, drawn from The Masquers of Fairmont College, West Virginia, was initiated.
  • 1943 – Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • 1944 – Waffen SS troops massacre more than 500 civilians in Sant’Anna di Stazzema.
  • 1944 – Alençon liberated by General Leclerc, the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazis by the Allied forces.
  • 1952 – The Night of the Murdered Poets – Thirteen prominent Jewish intellectuals were murdered in Moscow.
  • 1953 – Nuclear testing: The Soviet atomic bomb project proceeded with the detonation of Joe 4, the first Soviet thermonuclear weapon.
  • 1960 – Echo I, the first communications satellite, launched
  • 1964 – South Africa is banned from the Olympic Games due to its racist policy.
  • 1964 – Charlie Wilson, one of the Great Train Robbers escapes from Winson Green Prison in Birmingham, England.
  • 1969 – Battle of the Bogside, Catholic community of Derry engage in two-day battle with the Royal Ulster Constabulary
  • 1972 – The last American combat ground troops leave Vietnam.
  • 1977 – The first free flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
  • 1978 – Japan and the People’s Republic of China sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1980 – Signing of the Montevideo Treaty, which established the Latin American Integration Association.
  • 1981 – The IBM Personal Computer is released.
  • 1982 – Mexico announces it is unable to pay its enormous external debt, marking the beginning of a debt crisis that spread to all of Latin America and the Third World.
  • 1985 – Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes into Mount Ogura in Gunma Prefecture, Japan, killing 520. It is the worst single-plane air disaster.
  • 1990 – Sue, the most complete skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus rex, is discovered near Faith, South Dakota.
  • 1992 – Canada, Mexico, and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
  • 1994 – Major League Baseball players go on strike. The work stoppage forces the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.
  • 2000 – The Oscar class submarine K-141 Kursk of the Russian Navy exploded and sank in the Barents Sea during a military exercise.
  • 2005 – Sri Lanka’s foreign minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, is fatally shot by a sniper at his home.
  • 2005 – An F2 tornado strikes the coal mining town of Wright, Wyoming, destroying nearly 100 homes and killing two people.
  • 2005 – Civil unrest provoked in the Maldives
  • 2005 – An F1 tornado strikes Glen Cove, New York, a rare event on Long Island
  • 2007 – Bulk carrier M/V New Flame collides with oil tanker Torm Gertrud at the southernmost tip of Gibraltar, ending up partially submerged.

August 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1503 – Christian III of Denmark and Norway (d. 1559)
  • 1566 – Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (d. 1633)
  • 1604 – Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1651)
  • 1629 – Tsar Alexei I of Russia (d. 1676)
  • 1643 – King Afonso VI of Portugal (d. 1683)
  • 1644 – Heinrich Ignaz Biber, Bohemian composer (d. 1704)
  • 1647 – Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (d. 1719)
  • 1686 – John Balguy, English philosopher (d. 1748)
  • 1696 – Maurice Greene, English composer (d. 1755)
  • 1720 – Konrad Ekhof, German actor (d. 1778)
  • 1762 – King George IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1830)
  • 1774 – Robert Southey, English poet and biographer (d. 1843)
  • 1856 – “Diamond Jim” Brady, American financier (d. 1917)
  • 1859 – Katharine Lee Bates, American poet (d. 1929)
  • 1866 – Jacinto Benavente, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1867 – Edith Hamilton, German classicist (d. 1963)
  • 1872 – Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1956)
  • 1876 – Mary Roberts Rinehart, American author (d. 1958)
  • 1880 – Radclyffe Hall, British author (d. 1943)
  • 1880 – Christy Mathewson, American baseball player (d. 1925)
  • 1881 – Cecil B. DeMille, American director (d. 1959)
  • 1883 – Pauline Frederick, American actress (d. 1938)
  • 1885 – Jean Cabannes, French physicist (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Marion Lorne, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist and newspaper owner (d. 1952)
  • 1887 – Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1889 – Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • 1892 – Alfred Lunt, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1902 – Mohammad Hatta, Vice President of Indonesia 1945-1956 (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich of Russia, only son of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1906 – Harry Hopman, Australian-born tennis player and coach (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – Tedd Pierce, American animator (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Joe Besser, American actor and comedian (d. 1988)
  • 1909 – Richard Bare, American director
  • 1910 – Jane Wyatt, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1910 – Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (d. 1970)
  • 1911 – Cantinflas, Mexican actor (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Samuel Fuller, American film director (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Ruth Lowe, Canadian pianist and composer (I’ll Never Smile Again) (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Michael Kidd, American choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Guy Gibson, British aviator, awarded Victoria Cross (d. 1944)
  • 1919 – Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (d. 1971)
  • 1924 – Derek Shackleton, English cricketer (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, leader of Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • 1925 – Norris McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Ross McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (d. 1975)
  • 1925 – George Wetherill, American scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – John Derek, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1926 – Joe Jones, American R&B singer (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Wallace Markfield, American writer (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Porter Wagoner, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Charles Blackman, Australian artist
  • 1928 – Bob Buhl, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Dan Curtis, film and television producer and director
  • 1929 – Buck Owens, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – George Soros Hungarian-American financier and political activist
  • 1930 – Jacques Tits, Belgian mathematician
  • 1931 – William Goldman, American screenwriter
  • 1932 – Charlie O’Donnell, American game show announcer
  • 1932 – Somdej Phra Nangchao Sirikit Phra Boromarajininat HM Queen Sirikit of Thailand
  • 1933 – Parnelli Jones, American race car driver and team owner
  • 1935 – John Cazale, Italian-American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1937 – Walter Dean Myers, African-American author
  • 1938 – Jean-Paul L’Allier, Canadian Mayor of Quebec
  • 1939 – George Hamilton, American actor
  • 1939 – Roy Romanow, Canadian politician
  • 1939 – Michael D. Antonovich, American politician
  • 1941 – Réjean Ducharme, Quebec novelist and playwright
  • 1943 – Deborah Walley, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1944 – Peter Hofmann, German tenor
  • 1947 – Ron Mael, American musician (Sparks)
  • 1947 – Sam Rosen, American sportscaster
  • 1949 – Panagiotis Chinofotis, Greek politician
  • 1949 – Mark Knopfler OBE, Scottish guitarist (Dire Straits)
  • 1950 – Jim Beaver, American actor and writer
  • 1951 – Willie Horton, American murderer and rapist
  • 1952 – Chen Kaige, Chinese film director
  • 1954 – Sam J. Jones, American actor
  • 1954 – Pat Metheny, American guitarist
  • 1955 – Ann M. Martin, American author
  • 1955 – Terry Taylor, American retired professional wrestler
  • 1956 – Bruce Greenwood, Canadian actor
  • 1960 – Laurent Fignon, French cyclist
  • 1961 – Roy Hay, British guitarist and keyboardist (Culture Club)
  • 1961 – Lawrence Hayward, English musician (Felt, Denim, Go Kart Mozart)
  • 1962 – Miss Cleo, American psychic
  • 1963 – Sir Mix A Lot, American rapper
  • 1965 – Peter Krause, American actor
  • 1966 – Les Ferdinand, English footballer
  • 1967 – Regilio Tuur, Dutch boxer
  • 1967 – Andrey Plotnikov, Russian race walker
  • 1967 – Andy Hui, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1968 – Andras Jones, American actor
  • 1969 – Aga Muhlach, Filipino actor
  • 1970 – Anthony Swofford, American novelist
  • 1970 – Jim Schlossnagle, baseball coach
  • 1970 – Charles Mesure, British actor
  • 1971 – Michael Ian Black, American comedian
  • 1971 – Rebecca Gayheart, American actress
  • 1971 – Pete Sampras, American tennis player
  • 1972 – Mark Kinsella, Irish footballer
  • 1972 – Takanohana, Sumo yokozuna
  • 1973 – Joseba Beloki, Spanish cyclist
  • 1973 – Jonathan Coachman, American professional wrestler and executive
  • 1973 – Todd Marchant, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Richard Reid (shoe bomber)
  • 1973 – Yvette Nicole Brown, American actress
  • 1973 – Sayyed Muqtada al-Sadr – son of Ayatollah Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr
  • 1973 – Grey DeLisle, American voice actress
  • 1974 – Matt Clement, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Casey Affleck, American actor
  • 1975 – David Filmore, American actor
  • 1976 – Mikko Viljami “Linde” Lindström, Finnish guitarist
  • 1976 – Antoine Walker, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Wednesday 13, American musician (Wednesday 13, Murderdolls)
  • 1976 – Brad Lukowich, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Richard McCourt, English children’s television presenter
  • 1976 – Henry Tuilagi, Samoan rugby player
  • 1977 – Plaxico Burress, American football player
  • 1977 – Jesper Grønkjær, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Park Yong-ha, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1978 – Hayley Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Chris Chambers, American football player
  • 1979 – D.J. Houlton, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Cindy Klassen, Canadian speed skater
  • 1980 – Maggie Lawson, American actress
  • 1980 – Dominique Swain, American actress
  • 1980 – Matt Thiessen, Canadian-born musician (Relient K)
  • 1980 – Jade Villalon, American singer/songwriter
  • 1981 – Tony Capaldi, Northern Ireland footballer
  • 1981 – Djibril Cissé, French footballer
  • 1982 – Alexandros Tzorvas, Greek footballer
  • 1984 – Marian Rivera, Filipino actress
  • 1988 – Leah Pipes, American actress

August 12 – Deaths:

  • 30 BC – Cleopatra (b. 69 BC)
  • 875 – Louis II Holy Roman Emperor (b. 825)
  • 1424 – Yongle, Emperor of China (b. 1460)
  • 1484 – George of Trebizond, Greek philosopher (b. 1395)
  • 1484 – Pope Sixtus IV (b. 1414)
  • 1512 – Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1577 – Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (b. 1513)
  • 1588 – Alfonso Ferrabosco (I), Italian composer (b. 1543)
  • 1612 – Giovanni Gabrieli, Italian composer
  • 1633 – Jacopo Peri, Italian composer (b. 1561)
  • 1638 – Johannes Althusius, German writer (b. 1557)
  • 1648 – Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1615)
  • 1674 – Philippe de Champaigne, French painter (b. 1602)
  • 1689 – Pope Innocent XI (b. 1611)
  • 1778 – Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, British general and politician (b. 1714)
  • 1809 – Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal (b. 1738)
  • 1810 – Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (b. 1725)
  • 1822 – Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, English politician and statesman (b. 1769)
  • 1827 – William Blake, English poet and artist (b. 1757)
  • 1848 – George Stephenson, British locomotive designer (b. 1781)
  • 1861 – Eliphalet Remington, American inventor, designer of the Remington rifle (b. 1793)
  • 1864 – Sakuma Shozan, Japanese reformer (b. 1811)
  • 1865 – William Jackson Hooker, English botanist (b. 1785)
  • 1891 – James Russell Lowell, American poet and essayist (b. 1819)
  • 1896 – Thomas Chamberlain, officer of the 20th Maine at the Battle of Gettysburg
  • 1900 – Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player (b. 1836)
  • 1901 – Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish explorer (b. 1832)
  • 1914 – John Philip Holland, Irish submarine designer (b. 1840)
  • 1918 – Anna Held, Polish-born actress and singer (b. 1872)
  • 1922 – Arthur Griffith, President of Ireland (b. 1871)
  • 1928 – Leoš Janácek, Czech composer (b. 1854)
  • 1934 – Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Dutch architect (b. 1856)
  • 1935 – Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (b. 1851)
  • 1943 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer (b. 1857)
  • 1948 – Harry Brearley, English inventor (b. 1871)
  • 1952 – David Bergelson, Yiddish language writer (b. 1884)
  • 1955 – Thomas Mann, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1875)
  • 1955 – James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1959 – Mike O’Neill, Irish-born American baseball player (b. 1877)
  • 1964 – Ian Fleming, English novelist (James Bond) (b. 1908)
  • 1968 – Esther Forbes, Amarican novelist (b. 1891)
  • 1973 – Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1973 – Karl Ziegler, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1898)
  • 1979 – Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1982 – Henry Fonda, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Salvador Sanchez, Mexican boxer (b. 1959)
  • 1982 – Varlam Shalamov, Russian writer (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer (plane crash) (b. 1941)
  • 1985 – Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (b. 1951)
  • 1988 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, Haitian-American artist (b. 1960)
  • 1988 – Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Deva Gosvami Maharaja, religious Guru from India (b. 1895)
  • 1989 – William Shockley, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1989 – Samuel Okwaraji, Nigerian footballer (b. 1964)
  • 1990 – B. Kliban, American cartoonist (b. 1935)
  • 1990 – Dorothy Mackaill, British-born American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – John Cage, American composer (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Robert Gravel, French Canadian actor and theatrical director (b. 1945)
  • 1996 – Mark Gruenwald, American comic book writer and editor (b. 1953)
  • 1997 – Luther Allison, American musician (b. 1939)
  • 1999 – Jean Drapeau, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Loretta Young, American actress (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Enos Slaughter, American baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Sir Godfrey Hounsfield, English electrical engineer and inventor, Nobel laureate (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Peter Woodthorpe, British actor (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – John Loder, co-founder of the anarcho-punk band CRASS (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Merv Griffin, American television host and game show creator (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Mike Wieringo, American comic book artist (b. 1962)

August 12 – Holidays:

  • United Nations – International Youth Day (since 1999)
  • Glorious Twelfth at the Yorkshire Dales
  • Thailand – The Queen’s Birthday, Mother’s Day

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On This Day in History August 11

August 11 – Events:

  • 2492 BC – Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
  • 480 BC – Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium – The Persians achieve a naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought near Artemisium, a promontory on the north coast of Euboea. The Greek fleet holds its own against the Persians in three days of fighting but withdraws southward when news comes of the defeat at Thermopylae.
  • 355 – Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
  • 1786 – Captain Francis Light established the British colony of Penang in Malaysia.
  • 1804 – Francis II assumed title of first Emperor of Austria.
  • 1828 – William Corder is hanged at Bury St. Edmunds, England, for the murder of Maria Marten at the Red Barn a year earlier.
  • 1858 – First ascent of the Eiger.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1918 – World War I – Battle of Amiens ends.
  • 1919 – Constitution of Weimar Republic adopted.
  • 1920 – The Latvia-Bolshevist Russia peace treaty, which relinquished Russia’s authority and pretenses to Latvia, is signed.
  • 1929 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 1934 – Federal prison opened at Alcatraz Island.
  • 1952 – Hussein proclaimed king of Jordan.
  • 1960 – Chad declares independence.
  • 1965 – Race riots (the Watts riots) begin in Watts area of Los Angeles, California.
  • 1968 – The last steam passenger train service ran in Britain. A British Rail steam locomotive made the 314-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and returned to Liverpool before being dispatched to the Wrecking yard.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The last United States ground combat unit depart South Vietnam.
  • 1975 – East Timor: Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a coup by the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.
  • 1987 – Alan Greenspan becomes Chairman of the United States Federal Reserve.
  • 1999 – A total solar eclipse visible from Europe and Asia.
  • 1999 – The exceptional Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one.
  • 2003 – NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
  • 2003 – Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2003 – A heat wave in Paris resulted in temperatures rising to 112°F (44° C), leaving about 144 people dead.

August 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1467 – Mary of York, English princess (d. 1482)
  • 1667 – Anna Maria Luisa de’ Medici, last of the Medicis (d. 1743)
  • 1673 – Richard Mead, English physician (d. 1754)
  • 1718 – Sir Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (d. 1791)
  • 1722 – Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
  • 1778 – Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German (Prussian) gymnastics educator and nationalist (d. 1852)
  • 1794 – James Barton Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869)
  • 1807 – David Rice Atchison, American politician (d. 1886)
  • 1833 – Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and soldier (d. 1899)
  • 1833 – Kido Takayoshi, Japanese politician (d. 1877)
  • 1836 – Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
  • 1837 – Marie François Sadi Carnot, French statesman (d. 1894)
  • 1858 – Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1863 – Gaston Doumergue, President of the French Third Republic (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Tom Richardson, English cricketer (d. 1912)
  • 1870 – Walter Bowman, Canadian soccer player (d. ?)
  • 1872 – Shidehara Kijuro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1951)
  • 1892 – Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (d. 1962)
  • 1892 – Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Louise Bogan, American poet (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Enid Blyton, English author (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1905 – Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – Ted a’Beckett, Australian cricketer (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)
  • 1912 – Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (d. 2004)
  • 1913 – Angus Wilson, British novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Paul Dupuis, French Canadian actor (d. 1976)
  • 1913 – Bob Scheffing, American professional baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Angus Wilson, English novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – José Silva, American parapsychologist (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (d. 1956)
  • 1919 – Ginette Neveu, French violinist (d. 1949)
  • 1920 – Chuck Rayner, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Alex Haley, American historian (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Mike Douglas, American entertainer (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Floyd Curry, National Hockey League player (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Aaron Klug, Lithuanian-born chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1926 – Claus von Bülow, Danish-born British socialite and business mogul who was acquitted of attempted murder of his wife Sunny von Bülow
  • 1928 – Arlene Dahl, American actress
  • 1932 – Fernando Arrabal, Spanish writer
  • 1932 – Israel Asper, Canadian tax lawyer (d. 2003)
  • 1932 – John Gorrie, English director
  • 1933 – Jerry Falwell, American preacher (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Andre Dubus, American short-story writer (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
  • 1939 – Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly performer (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Mike Hugg, British musician (Manfred Mann)
  • 1943 – Abigail Folger, American coffee heiress and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 1943 – Stefania Toczyska, Polish mezzo-soprano
  • 1944 – Ian McDiarmid, Scottish actor
  • 1944 – Fred Smith, American entrepreneur
  • 1946 – Marilyn vos Savant, American newspaper columnist
  • 1946 – John Conlee, American country music singer
  • 1947 – Georgios Karatzaferis, Greek politician
  • 1948 – Jan Palach, Czechoslovakian student protester
  • 1949 – Eric Carmen, American musician
  • 1950 – Erik Brann, American Musician, Guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1950 – Gennidy Nikonov, Russian weapons inventor
  • 1950 – Steve Wozniak, American computer pioneer
  • 1951 – Vincent Bilodeau, Quebec actor and comedian
  • 1953 – Hulk Hogan, American professional wrestler
  • 1954 – Joe Jackson, English singer
  • 1954 – Juan Maria Solare, Argentine composer
  • 1955 – Sylvia Hermon, British politician
  • 1955 – Marc Bureau, French Canadian politician
  • 1956 – Pierre-Louis Lions, French mathematician
  • 1957 – Richie Ramone, American musician (The Ramones)
  • 1957 – Ian Stuart Donaldson, British singer (Skrewdriver)
  • 1959 – Gustavo Cerati, Argentinian musician (Soda Stereo)
  • 1959 – Yoshiaki Murakami, Japanese investor
  • 1963 – Hiromi Makihara, Japanese baseball player
  • 1964 – Jim Lee, Korean-born comic book artist
  • 1964 – Miguel A. Núñez Jr., American actor
  • 1965 – Marc Bergevin, professional ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Shinji Mikami, video game designer
  • 1965 – Viola Davis, American actress
  • 1966 – Nigel Martyn, English footballer
  • 1966 – Embeth Davidtz, American actress
  • 1967 – Enrique Bunbury, Spanish singer
  • 1967 – Collin Chou, Taiwanese actor
  • 1967 – Joe Rogan, American television host
  • 1968 – Lorenzo Bernardi, Italian volleyball player
  • 1968 – Charlie Sexton, American musician
  • 1968 – Alan Kelly, England-born Irish footballer
  • 1968 – Veda Hille, Canadian singer
  • 1968 – Princess Mabel of Orange-Nassau
  • 1969 – Jonah Matranga, American singer
  • 1969 – Ashley Jensen, Scottish actress
  • 1970 – Andy Bell, English musician (Ride, Hurricane #1, Oasis)
  • 1971 – Tommy Mooney, English football player
  • 1971 – Alejandra Barros, Mexican actress
  • 1972 – Jonathon Prandi, American model
  • 1973 – Nigel Harman, British actor
  • 1974 – Audrey Mestre, French diver
  • 1974 – Will Friedle, American actor
  • 1974 – Hadiqa Kiyani, Pakistani pop star
  • 1974 – Marie-France Dubreuil, French Canadian figure skater
  • 1975 – Davey von Bohlen, American musician (The Promise Ring, Maritime)
  • 1976 – Ben Gibbard, American musician (Death Cab for Cutie, The Postal Service)
  • 1976 – Lubomir Visnovsky, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Bubba Crosby, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Erick Lindgren, American poker player
  • 1978 – Jermain Taylor, American boxer
  • 1978 – Amber Brkich, American reality television personality
  • 1980 – Lee Suggs, American football player
  • 1981 – Sandi Thom, Scottish born singer
  • 1981 – Fiona Sit, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1982 – Alan Halsall, British actor
  • 1984 – Melky Cabrera, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Katie Rees, American Miss Nevada USA
  • 1984 – Lucas di Grassi, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1985 – Grace Adams-Short, British reality television contestant
  • 1988 – Patrick Mills, Australian basketball player
  • 1991 – Thomas Riley, American Tennis Player
  • 1993 – Alyson Stoner, American actress

August 11 – Deaths

  • 480 BC – Leonidas, King of Sparta
  • 353 – Magnentius, Roman usurper
  • 449 – Flavian, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 897 – Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona
  • 1204 – King Guttorm of Norway (b. 1199)
  • 1253 – Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (b. 1194)
  • 1456 – John Hunyadi, regent of Hungary (b. 1387)
  • 1464 – Nicholas of Cusa, German philosopher and mathematician (b. 1401)
  • 1494 – Hans Memling, Flemish painter
  • 1519 – Johann Tetzel, German opponent of the Reformation (b. 1465)
  • 1563 – Bartolomé de Escobedo, Spanish composer
  • 1578 – Pedro Nunes, Portuguese mathematician (b. 1502)
  • 1596 – Hamnet Shakespeare, dies at age 11.
  • 1614 – Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter (b. 1552)
  • 1656 – Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, Austrian field marshal (b. 1599)
  • 1774 – Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722)
  • 1813 – Henry James Pye, English poet (b. 1745)
  • 1851 – Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (b. 1779)
  • 1854 – Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (b. 1798)
  • 1886 – Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (b. 1843)
  • 1890 – John Henry Cardinal Newman, English Catholic cardinal (b. 1801)
  • 1892 – Enrico Betti, Italian mathematician (b. 1813)
  • 1903 – Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rican educator, philosopher and nationalist (b. 1839)
  • 1919 – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-born industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1835)
  • 1936 – Blas Infante, Spanish writer and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1937 – Edith Wharton, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1939 – Jean Bugatti, Italian automobile designer (b. 1909)
  • 1953 – Tazio Nuvolari, Italian race car driver (b. 1892)
  • 1956 – Jackson Pollock, American artist (b. 1912)
  • 1961 – Antanas Škema, Lithuanian writer, stage actor and director (b. 1910)
  • 1972 – Max Theiler, South African virologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – Jan Tschichold, German typographer (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Tom Drake, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1984 – Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian–German chess player (b. 1916)
  • 1988 – Anne Ramsey, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 1991 – J. D. McDuffie, NASCAR driver (b. 1939)
  • 1994 – Peter Cushing, British actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Phil Harris, American singer, songwriter, and comedian (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Rafael Kubelík, Czech-born conductor and composer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Mel Taylor, American drummer (The Ventures) (b. 1933)
  • 2000 – Jean Papineau-Couture, Canadian composer (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Percy Stallard, English racing cyclist (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Galen Rowell, photographer and climber (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Herb Brooks, American ice hockey coach (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – James Booth, English actor (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (b. 1925)

August 11-Holidays

  • There are no known holidays on this date.

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