On This Day in History June 2

June 2 – Events:

  • 455 – The Vandals enter Rome, and plunder the city for two weeks.
  • 1098 – First Crusade: The first Siege of Antioch ends as Crusader forces take the city. The second siege would later start on June 7.
  • 1615 – First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France.
  • 1692 – Bridget Bishop is the first person to go to trial in the Salem witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts, is found guilty, and would go on to be hanged on June 10.
  • 1763 – Pontiac’s Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison’s attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort.
  • 1774 – Intolerable Acts: The Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to let British soldiers into their homes, is reenacted.
  • 1780 – The Derby horse race is held for the first time.
  • 1793 – Jean-Paul Marat recites the names of 29 people to the French National Convention. Almost all of these are guillotined, followed by 17,000 more over the course of the next year during the Reign of Terror.
  • 1800 – First smallpox vaccination in North America, at Trinity, Newfoundland.
  • 1835 – P. T. Barnum and his circus begin their first tour of the United States.
  • 1848 – Slavic congress in Prague begins.
  • 1855 – The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine.
  • 1886 – U.S. President Grover Cleveland marries Frances Folsom in the White House, becoming the only president to wed in the executive mansion.
  • 1896 – Guglielmo Marconi receives a patent for his newest invention: the radio.
  • 1909 – Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 1924 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs Indian Citizenship Act into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.
  • 1946 – Birth of the Italian Republic: In a referendum Italians decide to turn Italy from a monarchy into a Republic. After this referendum the king of Italy Umberto II di Savoia is exiled.
  • 1953 – Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, the first to be televised.
  • 1955 – USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The first contingent of Australian combat troops arrives in South Vietnam.
  • 1966 – Surveyor program: Surveyor 1 lands in Oceanus Procellarum on the Moon, becoming the first US spacecraft to soft land on another world.
  • 1967 – Protests in West Berlin against the arrival of the Shah of Iran turn into riots, during which Benno Ohnesorg is killed by a police officer. His death results in the founding of the terrorist group Movement 2 June.
  • 1975 – French sex workers occupied a Lyon church in protest against excessive fines and taxes, as well as a lack of police action against violence, thereby sparking the birth of the modern sex worker rights movement.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II visits his native Poland, becoming the first Pope to visit a Communist country.
  • 1990 – Lower Ohio Valley tornado outbreak spawns 88 confirmed tornados in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio, killing 9. Petersburg, Indiana was the hardest-hit town in the outbreak, with 6 deaths.
  • 1992 – Denmark rejects the Maastricht Treaty by a thin margin in a national referendum.
  • 1995 – United States Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady’s F-16 is shot down over Bosnia while patrolling the NATO no-fly zone.
  • 1997 – In Denver, Colorado, Timothy McVeigh is convicted on 15 counts of murder and conspiracy for his role in the 1995 terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
  • 1998 – The CIH computer virus is discovered in Taiwan.
  • 1999 – The Bhutan Broadcasting Service brings television transmissions to the Kingdom for the first time.
  • 2003 – Europe launches its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency’s Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.
  • 2004 – Ken Jennings begins his 74-game winning streak on the syndicated game show Jeopardy!.

June 2 – Birthdays:

  • 926 – Murakami, Emperor of Japan (d. 967)
  • 1535 – Pope Leo XI (d. 1605)
  • 1731 – Martha Washington, First American first lady (d. 1802)
  • 1740 – Marquis de Sade, French author (d. 1814)
  • 1743 – Count Alessandro di Cagliostro, Sicilian Occultist (d. 1795)
  • 1773 – John Randolph, U.S. Senator from Virginia (d. 1833)
  • 1774 – William Lawson, explorer of New South Wales, Australia (d. 1850)
  • 1823 – Gédéon Ouimet, French Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • 1835 – Pope Pius X (d. 1914)
  • 1838 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna (d. 1900)
  • 1840 – Thomas Hardy, English writer (d. 1928)
  • 1857 – Edward Elgar, English composer (d. 1934)
  • 1857 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1863 – Felix Weingartner, Yugoslavian conductor (d. 1942)
  • 1865 – George Lohmann, English cricketer (d. 1901)
  • 1869 – Jack O’Connor, baseball player (d. 1937)
  • 1887 – Howard Johnson, American songwriter (d. 1941)
  • 1891 – Thurman Arnold, American attorney and jurist (d. 1969)
  • 1899 – Lotte Reiniger, German film director (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Frank Runacres, English artist (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Johnny Weissmuller, American swimmer and actor (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Dorothy West, American writer (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Walter Andreas Schwarz, German singer and author (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Barbara Pym, English novelist (d. 1980)
  • 1915 – Walter Tetley, American voice actor (d. 1975)
  • 1915 – Alexandru Nicolschi, Russian communist (d. 1992)
  • 1917 – Heinz Sielmann, German photographer and filmmaker
  • 1919 – Nat Mayer Shapiro, American painter (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-born critic
  • 1920 – Tex Schramm, American football team president and general manager (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Frank G. Clement, Governor of Tennessee (d. 1969)
  • 1922 – Charlie Sifford, American golfer
  • 1922 – Juan Antonio Bardem, Spanish director and screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1924 – June Callwood, Canadian jounalist, author & social activist (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Milo O’Shea, Irish actor
  • 1929 – Norton Juster, American author and architect
  • 1929 – Ken McGregor, Australian tennis player
  • 1930 – Pete Conrad, American astronaut (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Bob Lillis, baseball player
  • 1931 – Larry Jackson, baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1935 – Carol Shields, American-born novelist (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Roger Brierley, English actor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Dimitri Kitsikis, Greek turkologist, professor of International Relations and Geopolitics at the University of Ottawa
  • 1936 – Sally Kellerman, American actress
  • 1937 – Jimmy Jones (singer), American singer and songwriter
  • 1938 – Kevin Brownlow, English filmmaker, film historian, and author
  • 1940 – King Constantine II of Greece
  • 1941 – Stacy Keach, American actor
  • 1941 – Charlie Watts, English musician (The Rolling Stones)
  • 1941 – William Guest, American singer (Gladys Knight & the Pips)
  • 1943 – Charles Haid, American actor
  • 1943 – Ilaiyaraaja, Indian composer
  • 1944 – Marvin Hamlisch, American composer and musician
  • 1945 – Jon Peters, American film producer and hairdresser
  • 1946 – Peter Sutcliffe, English murderer
  • 1946 – Lasse Hallström, Swedish film director
  • 1947 – Mark Elder, British opera and symphony conductor
  • 1948 – Jerry Mathers, American actor
  • 1949 – Heather Couper, British astronomer
  • 1949 – Frank Rich, American theater critic and political columnist
  • 1951 – Larry Robinson, Canadian hockey player
  • 1952 – Gary Bettman, American National Hockey League commissioner
  • 1953 – Keith Allen, Welsh comedian, actor, singer and writer
  • 1953 – Craig Stadler, American golfer
  • 1954 – Dennis Haysbert, American actor
  • 1955 – Dana Carvey, American actor and comedian
  • 1955 – Michael Steele, American musician (The Bangles)
  • 1955 – Chantal Hochuli, Swiss-born socialite
  • 1956 – Mani Ratnam, Indian director
  • 1956 – Malcolm Garrett, English graphic designer
  • 1957 – King Lizzard, American entertainer
  • 1958 – Lawrence Pfohl, American professional wrestler
  • 1959 – Lydia Lunch, American singer
  • 1960 – Kyle Petty, American race car driver
  • 1960 – Tony Hadley, English singer (Spandau Ballet)
  • 1961 – Dez Cadena, American musician (Black Flag)
  • 1964 – Caroline Link, German film director and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Jim Knipfel, American autobiographer and journalist
  • 1965 – Mark and Steve Waugh, Australian cricketers
  • 1966 – Pedro Guerra, Spanish songwriter and singer
  • 1967 – Mike Stanton, baseball player
  • 1968 – Beetlejuice, member of Howard Stern’s Wack Pack
  • 1968 – Jon Culshaw, British comedian
  • 1969 – Cy Chadwick, English actor
  • 1970 – Andy McCollum, National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1970 – B-Real, American rapper (Cypress Hill)
  • 1971 – Anthony Montgomery, American actor
  • 1971 – Katerina Jacques, Czech politician
  • 1972 – Wayne Brady, American actor and comedian
  • 1972 – Wentworth Miller, American actor
  • 1973 – Neifi Perez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1974 – Matt Serra, American Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1974 – Chris Harris, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Gata Kamsky, American chess player
  • 1976 – Earl Boykins, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Tim Rice-Oxley, English musician (Keane)
  • 1976 – Martin Cech, International ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • 1976 – Antônio Rodrigo Nogueira, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1976 – Queen ‘Masenate Mohato Seeiso, Queen consort of Lesotho
  • 1977 – Zachary Quinto, American actor
  • 1978 – Dominic Cooper, English actor
  • 1978 – Nikki Cox, American actress
  • 1978 – Justin Long, American actor
  • 1978 – A.J. Styles, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Fabrizio Moretti, American rock drummer (The Strokes)
  • 1981 – Nikolay Davydenko, Russian professional tennis player
  • 1981 – Chin-hui Tsao, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1982 – Jewel Staite, Canadian actress
  • 1988 – Sergio Agüero, Argentinian footballer
  • 1988 – Patrik Berglund, Swedish hockey player
  • 1989 – Freddy Adu, Ghanaian-American footballer
  • 1990 – Brittany Curran, American Actress

June 2 – Deaths:

  • 829 – Saint Nicephorus, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 758)
  • 910 – Richilde of Provence, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1418 – Katherine of Lancaster, wife of Henry III of Castile
  • 1567 – Shane O’Neill, Irish chieftain
  • 1581 – James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
  • 1693 – John Wildman, English soldier and politician
  • 1701 – Madeleine de Scudéry, French writer (b. 1607)
  • 1716 – Ogata Korin, Japanese painter
  • 1754 – Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (b. 1680)
  • 1761 – Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1685)
  • 1785 – Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (b. 1713)
  • 1833 – Simon Byrne, Irish bare-knuckle prize fighter (b. 1806)
  • 1865 – Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician (b. 1783)
  • 1875 – Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1876 – Hristo Botev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1848)
  • 1881 – Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • 1882 – Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian revolutionarist (b. 1807)
  • 1901 – George Leslie Mackay, Canadian missionary (b. 1844)
  • 1933 – Frank Jarvis, American athlete (b. 1878)
  • 1937 – Louis Vierne, French organist and composer (b. 1870)
  • 1941 – Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1948 – Viktor Brack, Nazi physician (b. 1904)
  • 1948 – Karl Brandt, personal physician of Adolf Hitler (b. 1904)
  • 1948 – Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (b. 1897)
  • 1948 – Waldemar Hoven, German physician (b. 1903)
  • 1948 – Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician (b. 1905)
  • 1956 – Jean Hersholt, Danish actor and humanitarian (b. 1886)
  • 1961 – George S. Kaufman, American playwright (b. 1889)
  • 1962 – Vita Sackville-West, English writer, and gardener (b. 1892)
  • 1967 – Benno Ohnesorg, German student (b. 1940)
  • 1968 – André Mathieu, Quebec pianist and composer (b. 1929)
  • 1969 – Leo Gorcey, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1970 – Bruce McLaren, New Zealand car racer, designer, and founder of eponymous race team (b. 1937)
  • 1970 – Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Albert Lamorisse, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 1974 – Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (b. 1949)
  • 1976 – Juan José Torres, former President of Bolivia, assassinated in the frame of Operation  Condor
  • 1977 – Stephen Boyd, Northern Irish actor (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Jim Hutton, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1982 – Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Stan Rogers, Canadian musician (b. 1949)
  • 1984 – Georgios Kasassoglou, Greek musician (b. 1908)
  • 1986 – Aurel Joliat, Canadian hockey player (b. 1901)
  • 1987 – Sammy Kaye, American bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Andrés Segovia, Spanish guitarist (b. 1893)
  • 1989 – Ted a’Beckett, Australian cricketer (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Stiv Bators, American singer (The Dead Boys, The Lords of the New Church) (b. 1949)
  • 1990 – Jack Gilford, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – Rex Harrison, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Phillip Dunne, American film director (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Johnny Mize, American baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – John Alton, American cinematographer (b. 1901)
  • 1996 – Ray Combs, American game show host and comedian (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Leon Garfield, English children’s author (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – Amos Tversky, Israeli psychologist (b. 1937)
  • 1997 – Doc Cheatham, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Sylvester Ritter, American professional wrestler (b. 1952)
  • 1999 – Junior Braithwaite, Jamaican musician (The Wailers) (b. 1949)
  • 2000 – Svyatoslav Fyodorov, Russian ophthalmologist (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Gerald Whitrow, British mathematician (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Imogene Coca, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Joey Maxim, American boxer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Fred Blassie, American professional wrestler (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Loyd Sigmon, American amateur (“ham”) radio broadcastor (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Chloe Jones, Model and pornographic actress (b. 1975)
  • 2005 – Samir Kassir, Lebanese journalist and teacher (b. 1950)
  • 2005 – Melita Norwood, British spy (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Vince Welnick, musician, keyboardist (The Grateful Dead) (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Huang Ju, Chinese Vice-Premier
  • 2007 – Kentaro Haneda, Japanese composer (b. 1949)

June 2 – Holidays:

  • Italy’s Festa della Repubblica (Republic Day), which commemorates the birth of the Repubblica Italiana and the end of the monarchy.
  • Xenia name day in Slovakia.
  • Shavuoth (Judaism) (2006).
  • The death of Hristo Botev in Bulgaria.
  • Independence Day in Samoa (1962).

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On This Day in History June 1

June 1 – Events:

  • 193 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus assassinated.
  • 987 – Hugh Capet is elected king of France.
  • 1204 – King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen.
  • 1215 – Beijing, then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing.
  • 1252 – Alfonso X is elected King of Castile and León.
  • 1283 – Treaty of Rheinfelden: Duke Rudolph II of Austria waives his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria.
  • 1485 – Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Frederick III
  • 1495 – Friar John Cor records the first known batch of scotch whisky.
  • 1533 – Anne Boleyn crowned queen.
  • 1660 – Mary Dyer hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay  colony.
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold court-martialed for malfeasance.
  • 1792 – Kentucky admitted as the 15th state of the United States.
  • 1796 – Tennessee admitted as the 16th state of the United States.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: U.S. President James Madison asks the Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom.
  • 1813 – James Lawrence, the mortally-wounded commander of the USS Chesapeake, cries out “Don’t give up the ship!”
  • 1815 – Napoleon swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
  • 1831 – James Clark Ross discovers the North Magnetic Pole.
  • 1855 – American adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua.
  • 1857 – Charles Baudelaire’s Fleurs du mal is published.
  • 1862 – American Civil War Peninsula Campaign: Battle of Seven Pines or (Battle of Fair Oaks) – Engagement ends inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory.
  • 1868 – Treaty of Bosque Redondo signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • 1869 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his electric voting machine.
  • 1879 – Napoleon Eugene killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.
  • 1886 – The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31.
  • 1890 – The United States Census Bureau begins using Herman Hollerith’s tabulating machine to count census returns.
  • 1910 – Robert Falcon Scott’s South Pole expedition leaves England.
  • 1918 – World War I Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J.  Pershing & James Harbord engage Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
  • 1920 – Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
  • 1921 – Tulsa Race Riot: Civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
  • 1922 – Royal Ulster Constabulary founded .
  • 1925 – Lou Gehrig plays the first game in his streak of 2,130 consecutive games; it was the longest such streak until broken by Cal Ripken Jr. in 1995.
  • 1935 – The first driving tests are introduced in the United Kingdom.
  • 1939 – Maiden flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (D-OPZE) fighter aeroplane
  • 1940 – The Leninist Communist Youth League of the Karelo-Finnish SSR holds its first congress.
  • 1941 – World War II: Battle of Crete ends as Crete capitulates to Germany.
  • 1941 – The Farhud, a pogrom in Iraqi Jews, took place in Baghdad.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Warsaw paper Liberty Brigade publishes the first news of the concentration camps.
  • 1943 – British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, killing actor Leslie Howard and leading to speculation the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
  • 1946 – Ion Antonescu executed.
  • 1958 – Charles de Gaulle brought out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months.
  • 1959 – Beginning of the Revolution in Nicaragua.
  • 1962 – Adolf Eichmann is hanged in Israel.
  • 1963 – Kenya gains internal self-rule (Madaraka Day).
  • 1974 – Flixborough disaster: Explosion at a chemical plant kills 28 people.
  • 1974 – Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims published in the journal Emergency Medicine.
  • 1978 – FIFA World Cup kicks off in Argentina with a match held in Buenos Aires between cup holder West Germany and Poland
  • 1978 – The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty filed.
  • 1979 – Vizianagaram district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • 1979 – The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power.
  • 1980 – Cable News Network (CNN) begins broadcasting.
  • 1985 – Alan García is proclaimed President of Peru.
  • 1990 – George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty to end chemical weapon production.
  • 1997 – Hugo Banzer wins the Presidential elections in Bolivia.
  • 2000 – The Patent Law Treaty (PLT) signed.
  • 2001 – Dipendra of Nepal slaughters his family during dinner.
  • 2001 – Dolphinarium massacre: A Hamas suicide bomber kills 21 at a disco in Tel Aviv.
  • 2003 – The People’s Republic of China begins filling the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam.
  • 2005 – The Dutch referendum on the European Constitution results in its rejection.
  • 2007 – Jack Kevorkian was released from prison after serving eight years of his 10-25 year prison term for second degree murder in the 1998 death of Thomas Youk, 52, of Oakland County, Michigan.

June 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1076 – Mstislav I of Kiev (d. 1132)
  • 1300 – Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)
  • 1480 – Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)
  • 1503 – Wilhelm von Grumbach, German adventurer (d. 1567)
  • 1563 – Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, English statesman and spymaster (d. 1612)
  • 1633 – Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (d. 1687)
  • 1637 – Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1675)
  • 1653 – Georg Muffat, French composer (d. 1704)
  • 1675 – Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
  • 1762 – Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (d. 1844)
  • 1771 – Ferdinando Paer, Italian composer (d. 1839)
  • 1790 – Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (d. 1836)
  • 1796 – Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • 1800 – Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (d. 1879)
  • 1801 – Brigham Young, Mormon church leader (d. 1877)
  • 1804 – Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (d. 1857)
  • 1815 – Philip Kearny, American general (d. 1862)
  • 1815 – Otto of Greece (d. 1862)
  • 1831 – John Bell Hood, American Confederate general (d. 1879)
  • 1833 – John Marshall Harlan, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1911)
  • 1843 – Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
  • 1844 – John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
  • 1878 – John Masefield, English novelist and poet (d. 1967)
  • 1881 – Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Frank Morgan, American actor (d. 1949)
  • 1898 – Molly Picon, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1899 – Edward Charles Titchmarsh, English mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1901 – John Van Druten, English screen writer (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – Hap Day, Canadian hockey player and manager (d. 1990)
  • 1903 – Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (d. 1973)
  • 1907 – Frank Whittle, English inventor of the jet engine. (d. 1996)
  • 1909 – Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Bill Deedes, British journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – John Randolph, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1921 – Nelson Riddle, American bandleader and arranger (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Joan Caulfield, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Joan Copeland, American actress
  • 1924 – William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Andy Griffith, American actor
  • 1926 – Marilyn Monroe, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1928 – Georgi Dobrovolski, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1971)
  • 1928 – Bob Monkhouse, English comedian (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – John Lemmon, English logician
  • 1930 – Edward Woodward, English actor
  • 1933 – Charles Wilson, American politician
  • 1934 – Pat Boone, American singer
  • 1935 – Reverend Ike, American televangelist
  • 1936 – Gerald Scarfe, British illustrator
  • 1937 – Morgan Freeman, American actor
  • 1937 – Rosaleen Linehan, Irish actress
  • 1937 – Colleen McCullough, Australian novelist (The Thorn Birds)
  • 1939 – Cleavon Little, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1940 – René Auberjonois, American actor
  • 1940 – Kip Thorne, American physicist
  • 1944 – Robert Powell, English actor
  • 1945 – Frederica von Stade, American mezzo-soprano
  • 1945 – Linda Scott, American singer
  • 1946 – Brian Cox, Scottish actor
  • 1947 – Jonathan Pryce, British actor
  • 1947 – Ron Dennis, CBE, F1 team principal (McLaren)
  • 1947 – Ron Wood, English guitarist (Rolling Stones)
  • 1948 – Tomáš Halík, Czech priest and public intellectual
  • 1948 – Michel Plasse, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Tom Sneva, American race car driver and Indianapolis 500 winner (1983)
  • 1950 – Wayne Nelson, American musician (Little River Band)
  • 1953 – Ronnie Dunn, American musician (Brooks & Dunn)
  • 1953 – David Berkowitz, American serial killer (Son of Sam)
  • 1955 – Ralph Morse, British actor, singer and writer of historical dramas
  • 1956 – Lisa Hartman, American actress
  • 1957 – Dorota Kedzierzawska, Polish film director
  • 1958 – Ahron Bregman, Israeli journalist
  • 1959 – Martin Brundle, British race car driver and F1 television commentator
  • 1959 – Alan Wilder, British musician (Depeche Mode and Recoil)
  • 1960 – Simon Gallup, English bassist (The Cure)
  • 1961 – Paul Coffey, Canadian hockey player
  • 1963 – Mike Joyce, English drummer (The Smiths)
  • 1964 – Mark Curry, American comedian and actor
  • 1965 – Larisa Lazutina, Russian cross-country skier
  • 1965 – Nigel Short, English chess player
  • 1966 – Greg Schiano, American football coach
  • 1967 – Roger Sanchez, American disc jockey
  • 1968 – Jason Donovan, Australian actor and singer
  • 1968 – Jeff Hackett, Canadian hockey player
  • 1969 – Teri Polo, American actress
  • 1970 – Alexi Lalas, American soccer player
  • 1970 – Karen Mulder, Dutch supermodel
  • 1970 – R. Madhavan, Indian actor
  • 1971 – Mario Cimarro, Cuban actor
  • 1973 – Adam Garcia, Australian actor
  • 1973 – Derek Lowe, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Heidi Klum, German supermodel
  • 1974 – Alanis Morissette, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Michael Rasmussen, Danish cyclist
  • 1974 – Akis Zikos, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – James Storm, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Michal Grosek, Czech hockey player
  • 1977 – Veronika Vareková, Czech supermodel
  • 1977 – Danielle Harris, American Actress
  • 1977 – Sarah Wayne Callies, American actress
  • 1977 – Richard Williams, British racing driver
  • 1979 – Santana Moss, American football player
  • 1980 – Oliver James, British actor
  • 1981 – Carlos Zambrano, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player
  • 1982 – Justine Henin (formerly Henin-Hardenne), Belgian tennis player
  • 1984 – Oliver Tielemans, Dutch racing driver
  • 1985 – Mário Hipólito, Angolan footballer
  • 1985 – Nick Young, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Zoltán Harsányi, Slovakian footballer
  • 1988 – Nami Tamaki, Japanese pop singer

June 1 – Deaths:

  • 195 BC – Gaozu of Han of China
  • 193 – Marcus Severus Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (b. 133)
  • 1434 – Wladislaus II of Poland
  • 1571 – John Story, English Catholic
  • 1616 – Tokugawa Ieyasu (b. 1543)
  • 1625 – Honoré d’Urfé, French writer (b. 1568)
  • 1639 – Melchior Franck, German composer
  • 1660 – Mary Dyer, English Quaker (martyred)
  • 1710 – David Mitchell, British admiral (b. 1642)
  • 1740 – Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (b. 1657)
  • 1769 – Edward Holyoke, President of Harvard University (b. 1689)
  • 1795 – Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist (b. 1744)
  • 1815 – Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
  • 1823 – Louis Nicolas Davout, French marshal (b. 1770)
  • 1826 – Jean Frédéric Oberlin, Alsatian pastor (b. 1740)
  • 1841 – David Wilkie, Scottish artist (b. 1785)
  • 1846 – Pope Gregory XVI (b. 1765)
  • 1864 – Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (b. 1812)
  • 1868 – James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (b. 1791)
  • 1872 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1795)
  • 1873 – Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • 1876 – Hristo Botev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1848)
  • 1879 – Napoléon Eugène, Prince Imperial son of Emperor Napoleon III (b. 1856)
  • 1927 – J. B. Bury, Irish historian (b. 1861)
  • 1941 – Hans Berger, German neuroscientist (b. 1873)
  • 1943 – Leslie Howard, English actor (b. 1893)
  • 1943 – Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist
  • 1946 – Ion Antonescu, Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1882)
  • 1948 – Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (b. 1914)
  • 1948 – Alex Gard, Russian-born caricaturist (b. 1900)
  • 1954 – Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (b. 1869)
  • 1959 – Sax Rohmer, English author (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Lester Patrick, Canadian hockey player (b. 1883)
  • 1960 – Paula Hitler, Adolf Hitler’s final living sibling (b. 1896)
  • 1962 – Adolf Eichmann, Nazi official (by execution; b. 1906)
  • 1965 – Earl “Curly” Lambeau, American football coach (b. 1898)
  • 1966 – Papa Jack Laine, American musician (b. 1873)
  • 1968 – Helen Keller, American humanitarian (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – André Laurendeau, French Canadian writer, journalist and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1969 – Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian ice skater (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (b. 1892)
  • 1973 – Mary Kornman, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 1979 – Werner Forssmann, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Rube Marquard, baseball player (b. 1886)
  • 1980 – Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (b. 1883)
  • 1983 – Prince Charles of Belgium (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Richard Greene, British actor (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1958)
  • 1987 – Rashid Karami, Lebanese statesman (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; b. 1917)
  • 1991 – David Ruffin, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1941)
  • 1994 – Frances Heflin, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1996 – Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, Fifth President of India (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Darwin Joston, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Christopher Sydney Cockerell, British engineer and inventor (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Queen Aiswarya of Nepal (b. 1949)
  • 2001 – King Birendra of Nepal (b. 1945)
  • 2001 – Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – Johnny Hopp, baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – William Manchester, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – George Mikan, American basketball player (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Arn Shein, American sports writer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Tony Thompson, Singer in R&B group Hi-Five (b. 1975)

June 1 – Holidays:

  • Children’s Day in some countries.
  • Kenya – Madaraka Day 1963.
  • Roman Empire – Festival in honor of Carna.
  • Commemoration of Justin Martyr (Eastern Orthodox).

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On This day in History May 31

May 31 – Events:

  • 1279 BC – Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
  • 1223 – Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River – Mongol armies of Genghis Khan lead by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus and Cumans.
  • 1578 – Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool’s gold, used to pave streets in London.
  • 1669 – Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.
  • 1678 – The Godiva procession through Coventry begins.
  • 1759 – The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Mecklenburg Resolutions adopted urging the American Colonies to declare independence from Great Britain.
  • 1790 – Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
  • 1790 – The United States enacts its first copyright statute, the Copyright Act of 1790.
  • 1813 – In Australia, Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth, reached Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.
  • 1862 – American Civil War Peninsula Campaign: Battle of Seven Pines or (Battle of Fair Oaks) – Confederate forces under Joseph E. Johnston & G. W. Smith engage Union forces under George B. McClellan outside Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor – The Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee engages the Army of the Potomac under Ulysses S. Grant & George G. Meade.
  • 1866 – In the Fenian Invasion of Canada, John O’Neill leads 850 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the English. Canadian militia and British regulars repulse the invaders in over the next three days, at a cost of 9 dead and 38 wounded to the Fenian’s 19 dead and about 17 wounded.
  • 1889 – Johnstown Flood: Over 2,200 people die after a dam break sends a 60-foot (18-meter) wall of water over the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
  • 1902 – Second Boer War: The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the war and ensures British control of South Africa.
  • 1910 – Creation of the Union of South Africa.
  • 1911 – R.M.S. Titanic launched.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of Jutland – The British Grand Fleet under the command of Sir John Jellicoe & Sir David Beatty engage the Kaiserliche Marine under the command of Reinhard Scheer & Franz von Hipper in the largest naval battle of the war, which proves indecisive.
  • 1921 – Tulsa Race Riot: A civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, the official death toll is 39.
  • 1924 – The Soviet Union signs an agreement with the Peking government, referring to Outer Mongolia as an “integral part of the Republic of China,” whose “sovereignty” therein the Soviet Union promises to respect.
  • 1927 – The last Ford Model T rolls off the assembly line after a production run of 15,007,003 vehicles.
  • 1931 – 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
  • 1942 – World War II: Imperial Japanese Navy midget submarines begin a series of attacks on Sydney, Australia.
  • 1961 – Republic of South Africa created.
  • 1962 – The West Indies Federation dissolves.
  • 1970 – The Ancash earthquake causes a landslide that buries the town of Yungay, Peru; more than 47,000 people are killed.
  • 1971 – In accordance with the Uniform Monday Holiday Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1968, observation of Memorial Day occurs on the last Monday in May for the first time, rather than on the traditional Memorial Day of May 30.
  • 1973 – The United States Senate votes to cut off funding for the bombing of Khmer Rouge targets within Cambodia, hastening the end of the Cambodian Civil War.
  • 1977 – The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System completed.
  • 1985 – United States-Canadian Outbreak: Forty-one tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ontario, leaving 76 dead.
  • 1985 – Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) became a Schedule I drug in the United States.
  • 1987 – Athena 98.4 FM, the first legal private radio station starts broadcasting in Greece.
  • 1997 – The Confederation Bridge opens, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick.

May 31 – Birthdays:

  • 1048 – Omar Khayyám, Persian philosopher (d. 1131)
  • 1443 – Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
  • 1469 – Manuel I of Portugal (d. 1521)
  • 1522 – Guido de Bres, Belgian theologian (d. 1587)
  • 1535 – Alessandro Allori, Italian painter (d. 1607)
  • 1557 – Feodor I of Russia (d. 1598)
  • 1613 – John George II, Elector of Saxony (d. 1680)
  • 1640 – Michal Wisniowiecki, King of Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1656 – Marin Marais, French composer (d. 1728)
  • 1753 – Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud, French revolutionary (d. 1793)
  • 1754 – Andrea Appiani, Italian painter (d. 1817)
  • 1773 – Ludwig Tieck, German writer (d. 1853)
  • 1801 – Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist (d. 1887)
  • 1818 – John Albion Andrew, 25th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1867)
  • 1819 – Walt Whitman, American poet (d. 1892)
  • 1835 – Hijikata Toshizo, Japanese military leader (d. 1869)
  • 1838 – Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1852 – Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (d. 1919)
  • 1857 – Pope Pius XI (d. 1939)
  • 1860 – Walter Sickert, English painter (d. 1942)
  • 1863 – Francis Younghusband, British explorer (d. 1942)
  • 1872 – Heath Robinson, English cartoonist (d. 1944)
  • 1882 – Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (d. 1956)
  • 1883 – Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (d. 1942)
  • 1885 – Alois Hudal, bishop, helped Nazis escape trial (d. 1963)
  • 1887 – Saint-John Perse, French diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1892 – Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
  • 1892 – Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (d. 1968)
  • 1894 – Fred Allen, American comedian (d. 1956)
  • 1898 – Dr. Norman Vincent Peale, American clergyman (d. 1993)
  • 1901 – Alfredo Antonini, American conductor and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Florence Desmond, English actress and comedian (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Don Ameche, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Aurore Gagnon, French Canadian victim of child abuse (d. 1920)
  • 1911 – Maurice Allais, French economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1912 – Alfred Deller, English countertenor (d. 1979)
  • 1916 – Bert Haanstra, Dutch filmmaker (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Alida Valli, Italian actress (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Howard Reig, American radio and television announcer
  • 1922 – Denholm Elliott, English actor (d. 1992)
  • 1923 – Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Clint Eastwood, American film director and actor
  • 1931 – John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1931 – Shirley Verrett, American soprano
  • 1932 – Jay Miner, American microchip designer (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – Jim Bolger, 35th Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • 1938 – Johnny Paycheck, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1938 – John Prescott, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1938 – Peter Yarrow, American folk singer (Peter, Paul and Mary)
  • 1939 – Terry Waite, British humanitarian
  • 1940 – Gilbert Shelton, American underground comics illustrator
  • 1941 – Louis J. Ignarro, American pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1943 – Sharon Gless, American actress
  • 1943 – Joe Namath, American football player
  • 1945 – Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German film director (d. 1982)
  • 1945 – Bernard Goldberg?, American journalist
  • 1946 – Ted Baehr, American media critic
  • 1948 – John Bonham, British musician (Led Zeppelin) (d. 1980)
  • 1949 – Tom Berenger, American actor
  • 1949 – Nancy Shade, American soprano
  • 1950 – Gregory Harrison, American actor
  • 1952 – Karl Bartos, German musician (Kraftwerk, Electronic)
  • 1953 – Pirkka-Pekka Petelius, Finnish actor
  • 1954 – Vicki Sue Robinson, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1954 – Thomas Mavros, Greek footballer
  • 1956 – Fritz Hilpert, German musician and sound engineer (Kraftwerk)
  • 1957 – Jim Craig, American hockey player
  • 1959 – Andrea de Cesaris, Italian racing driver
  • 1960 – Greg C. Adams, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Chris Elliott, American comedian
  • 1961 – Ray Cote, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Lea Thompson, American actress
  • 1962 – Corey Hart, Canadian musician
  • 1962 – Sebastian Koch, German actor
  • 1963 – Teresa Cheung, Hong Kong socialite
  • 1963 – Hugh Dillon, Canadian musician and actor
  • 1963 – Viktor Orbán, Hungarian politician
  • 1963 – Wesley Willis, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1964 – Leonard Asper, Canadian businessman
  • 1964 – Scotti Hill, American rock guitarist
  • 1964 – Darryl McDaniels, American musician (Run-D.M.C.)
  • 1965 – Brooke Shields, American model
  • 1966 – Jeremy Hotz, Canadian stand-up comedian
  • 1966 – Nick Scotti, American actor and singer
  • 1967 – Sandrine Bonnaire, French actress
  • 1967 – Phil Keoghan, New Zealand television personality
  • 1967 – Kenny Lofton, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Vampiro, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Frode Estil, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1972 – Sarah Murdoch, English model
  • 1972 – Karl Geary, Irish actor
  • 1972 – Dave Roberts, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Chad Campbell, American golfer
  • 1974 – Zsolt Erdei, Hungarian light heavyweight boxer
  • 1974 – Adrian Tomine, American cartoonist
  • 1975 – Sienna Guillory, English actress
  • 1976 – Colin Farrell, Irish actor
  • 1977 – Theodoros Baev, Bulgarian-born Greek volleyball player
  • 1977 – Debbie King, English TV presenter
  • 1977 – Scott Klopfenstein, American musician (Reel Big Fish)
  • 1980 – Andy Hurley, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
  • 1981 – Jake Peavy, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Dustin Wells, New Zealand footballer
  • 1983 – Reggie Yates, English television presenter
  • 1984 – Nate Robinson, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Jason Smith, Australian actor
  • 1985 – Ian Vouyoukas, Greek basketball player
  • 1986 – Sopho Khalvashi, Georgian musical artist
  • 1986 – Melissa McIntyre, Canadian actress
  • 1986 – Robert Gesink, Dutch cyclist
  • 1988 – Hope Partlow, American Singer

May 31 – Deaths:

  • 1246 – Isabella of Angouleme, queen of John of England
  • 1349 – Thomas Wake, English politician (b. 1297)
  • 1408 – Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1358)
  • 1410 – King Martin I of Aragon (b. 1356)
  • 1495 – Cecily Neville, mother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (b. 1415)
  • 1558 – Philip Hoby, English politician (b. 1505)
  • 1594 – Tintoretto, Italian painter (b. 1518)
  • 1680 – Joachim Neander, German clergyman (b. 1650)
  • 1740 – King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (b. 1688)
  • 1747 – Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (b. 1686)
  • 1799 – Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)
  • 1809 – Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (b. 1732)
  • 1809 – Jean Lannes, French marshal (b. 1769)
  • 1831 – Samuel Bentham, British mechanical engineer (b. 1757)
  • 1832 – Évariste Galois, French mathematician (b. 1811)
  • 1837 – Joseph Grimaldi, British clown (b. 1779)
  • 1846 – Philip Marheineke, German clergyman (b. 1780)
  • 1847 – Thomas Chalmers, Scottish pastor (b. 1780)
  • 1848 – Eugénie de Guérin, French writer (b. 1805)
  • 1908 – Louis-Honoré Fréchette, French Canadian poet (b. 1839)
  • 1910 – Elizabeth Blackwell, American physician (b. 1821)
  • 1945 – Odilo Globocnik, Austrian nazi (b. 1904)
  • 1957 – Leopold Staff, Polish poet (b. 1878)
  • 1960 – Willem Elsschot, Flemish writer (b. 1882)
  • 1960 – Walther Funk, Nazi leader (b. 1890)
  • 1961 – Walter Little, Canadian politician (b. 1877)
  • 1962 – Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (b. 1874)
  • 1967 – Billy Strayhorn, American composer, pianist and arranger (b. 1915)
  • 1970 – Terry Sawchuk, hockey player (b. 1929)
  • 1972 – Walter Freeman, American physician (b. 1895)
  • 1976 – Jacques Monod, French biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1977 – William Castle, American director (b. 1914)
  • 1978 – József Bozsik, Hungarian footballer (b. 1925)
  • 1983 – Jack Dempsey, American boxer (b. 1895)
  • 1986 – Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank), American artist (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1987 – John Abraham (Director), Indian film director
  • 1993 – Spuds Mackenzie, American advertisement dog
  • 1994 – Herva Nelli, Italian-born soprano (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Timothy Leary, American professor and LSD advocate (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Charles Van Acker, Belgian racing driver (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Tito Puente, American musician (b. 1923)
  • 2000 – Johnnie Taylor, American singer (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Arlene Francis, American television personality (d. 1907)
  • 2004 – Robert Quine, American guitarist (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Étienne Roda-Gil, French songwriter and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Ryan Bennett, broadcast commentator (b. 1970)
  • 2006 – Miguel Berrocal, sculptor (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Lula Mae Hardaway, American songwriter (b. 1930), mother of singer Stevie Wonder

May 31 – Holidays:

  • The Godiva procession.
  • World No Tobacco Day.
  • Syaday (Discordianism).
  • The Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
  • Memorial Day in USA (last Monday in May)

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On This Day in History May 30

May 30 – Events:

  • 1416 – The Council of Constance, called by the Emperor Sigismund, a supporter of Antipope John XXIII, burns Jerome of Prague following a trial for heresy.
  • 1431 – Hundred Years’ War: In Rouen, France, 19-year-old Joan of Arc burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal.
  • 1434 – Hussite Wars (Bohemian Wars): Battle of Lipany – effectively ending the war, Utraquist forces led by Diviš Borek of Miletínek defeat and almost annihilated Taborite forces led by Prokop the Great.
  • 1536 – King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives.
  • 1539 – In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold.
  • 1574 – Henry III becomes King of France.
  • 1588 – The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel.
  • 1635 – Thirty Years’ War: Peace of Prague (1635) signed.
  • 1806 – Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after the man had accused Jackson’s wife of bigamy.
  • 1814 – Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition – Treaty of Paris (1814) signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1832 – The Rideau Canal in eastern Ontario is first opened.
  • 1854 – The Kansas-Nebraska Act becomes law establishing the US territories of Nebraska and Kansas.
  • 1868 – Decoration Day (the predecessor of the modern “Memorial Day”) observed in the United States for the first time.
  • 1871 – The Paris Commune falls.
  • 1876 – Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
  • 1879 – New York City’s Gilmores Garden is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
  • 1879 – An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.
  • 1883 – In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede which crushes twelve people.
  • 1911 – At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race in his Marmon Wasp.
  • 1913 – First Balkan War: Treaty of London, 1913 signed ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation.
  • 1914 – New and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 1917 – Alexander I becomes king of Greece.
  • 1922 – In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
  • 1935 – Babe Ruth plays in his last baseball game, in the uniform of the Boston Braves.
  • 1941 – World War II: Germany captures Crete.
  • 1941 – World War II: Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climb on the athenian Acropolis, tear down the Nazi swastika and replace it with the Greek flag.
  • 1942 – World War II: 1000 British bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany.
  • 1948 – A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
  • 1953 – The Auckland Harbour Bridge was officially opened today in Auckland, New Zealand.
  • 1956 – Composer Karlheinz Stockhausen premieres his piece Gesang der Jünglinge in Cologne.
  • 1958 – Memorial Day: The remains of two unidentified American servicemen, killed in action during World War II and the Korean War, are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1966 – Former Congolese Prime Minister Evariste Kimba and several other politicians are publicly executed in Kinshasa on the orders of President Joseph Mobutu.
  • 1967 – At the Ascot Park in Gardena, California, daredevil Evel Knievel jumps his motorcycle over 16 cars lined-up in a row.
  • 1967 – The Nigerian Eastern Region declares independence as the Republic of Biafra, sparking a civil war.
  • 1969 – Riots on the Caribbean island of Curaçao
  • 1971 – Mariner program: Mariner 9 launched to Map 70% of the surface and study temporal changes in the atmosphere and surface of Mars.
  • 1972 – The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.
  • 1972 – In Tel Aviv, members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport Massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.
  • 1982 – Spain becomes the 16th member of NATO and the first nation to enter the alliance since West Germany’s admission in 1955.
  • 1989 – Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: The 33-foot high “Goddess of Democracy” statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.
  • 1998 – A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.

May 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1010 – Emperor Renzong of China (d. 1063)
  • 1423 – Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1461)
  • 1623 – John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (d. 1686)
  • 1653 – Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Empress consort of Germany (d. 1676)
  • 1672 – Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia (d. 1725)
  • 1713 – Princess Caroline Elizabeth of Great Britain (d. 1757)
  • 1718 – Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, English politician (d. 1793)
  • 1719 – Roger Newdigate, English politician (d. 1806)
  • 1757 – Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1844)
  • 1814 – Mikhail Bakunin, Russian anarchist (d. 1876)
  • 1814 – Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (d. 1894)
  • 1819 – William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)
  • 1820 – Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, French Canadian politician (d. 1890)
  • 1845 – King Amadeo I of Spain (d. 1890)
  • 1846 – Carl Faberge, Russian goldsmith and jeweler (d. 1920)
  • 1858 – Siegfried Alkan, German composer (d. 1941)
  • 1875 – Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Mike Donlin, baseball player (d. 1933)
  • 1879 – Colin Blythe, English cricketer (d. 1917)
  • 1881 – Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish runner (d. 1915)
  • 1886 – Randolph Bourne, American writer (d. 1918)
  • 1895 – Maurice Tate, English cricketer (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Howard Hawks, American film director (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Irving Thalberg, American film producer (d. 1936)
  • 1901 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American writer and actress (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Stepin Fetchit, American dancer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Countee Cullen, American writer (d. 1946)
  • 1906 – Bruno Gröning, German faith healer (d. 1959)
  • 1907 – Elly Beinhorn, German pilot
  • 1908 – Hannes Alfvén, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Mel Blanc, American voice actor (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Benny Goodman, American clarinetist and bandleader (d. 1986)
  • 1910 – Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (d. 1978)
  • 1910 – Inge Meysel, German actress (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Julius Axelrod, American biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Erich Bagge, German physicist
  • 1912 – Hugh Griffith, Welsh actor (d. 1980)
  • 1918 – Guadalupe “Pita” Amor, Mexican poet (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Bob Evans, American restaurateur (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (d. 1969)
  • 1920 – Franklin Schaffner, American film director (d. 1989)
  • 1922 – Hal Clement, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Christine Jorgensen, American transsexual activist (d. 1989)
  • 1927 – Clint Walker, American actor
  • 1928 – Agnès Varda, French director
  • 1928 – Pro Hart, Australian artist (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Mark Birley, British nightclub owner (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Robert Ryman, American painter
  • 1932 – Pauline Oliveros, American composer and accordionist
  • 1934 – Aleksei Leonov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1934 – Alketas Panagoulias, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1936 – Keir Dullea, American actor
  • 1939 – Michael J. Pollard, American actor
  • 1939 – Dieter Quester, Austrian racing driver
  • 1940 – Gilles Villemure, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1943 – James Chaney, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • 1943 – Gale Sayers, American football player
  • 1944 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1945 – Norman Eshley, English actor
  • 1947 – Jocelyne Bourassa, French Canadian LPGA golfer
  • 1948 – Michael Piller, American screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – P.J. Carlesimo, American basketball coach
  • 1950 – Bertrand Delanoë, French politician
  • 1950 – Paresh Rawal, Indian actor
  • 1951 – Stephen Tobolowsky, American actor
  • 1951 – Zdravko Colic, Yugoslav-Bosnian singer
  • 1953 – Colm Meaney, Irish actor
  • 1955 – Topper Headon, British musician (The Clash)
  • 1956 – Robert F. Newmyer, American film producer (d. 2005)
  • 1958 – Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer and songwriter (Roxette)
  • 1958 – Steve Israel, American politician, member of the United States House of Representatives (D-New York)
  • 1959 – Frank Vanhecke, Belgian politician
  • 1961 – Harry Enfield, British comedian
  • 1962 – Kevin Eastman, American comic book creator
  • 1962 – Tonya Pinkins, American actress
  • 1964 – Wynonna Judd, American Country/Bluegrass Singer
  • 1964 – Tom Morello, American guitarist (Audioslave, Rage Against the Machine)
  • 1964 – Andrea Montermini, Italian racing driver
  • 1966 – Stephen Malkmus, American musician (Pavement)
  • 1967 – Tim Burgess, English singer (The Charlatans)
  • 1968 – Zacarias Moussaoui, French citizen found guilty relating to September 11, 2001 attacks
  • 1970 – Flora Chan, Hong Kong television actress
  • 1970 – Ness Wadia, Indian industrialist
  • 1971 – Idina Menzel, American actress and singer
  • 1972 – Manny Ramírez, Major League Baseball player
  • 1972 – Soichiro Hoshi, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1973 – Leigh Francis, British comedian
  • 1974 – Cee-Lo, American musician
  • 1974 – Big L, American rapper (d. 1999)
  • 1974 – Konstantinos Chalkias, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Shin Ha-kyun, South Korean actor
  • 1974 – David Wilkie, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Andrew Farrell, English rugby league and union footballer
  • 1976 – Radoslav Nesterovic, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1976 – Magnus Norman, Swedish tennis player
  • 1977 – Akwá, Angolan footballer
  • 1977 – Rachael Stirling, British actress
  • 1979 – Mike Bishai, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Kugimiya Rie, Japanese seiyuu (voice actress)
  • 1980 – Steven Gerrard, English footballer
  • 1981 – Devendra Banhart, American singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – Blake Bashoff, American actor
  • 1981 – Gianmaria Bruni, Italian racing driver
  • 1981 – Ahmad Elrich, Australian footballer
  • 1982 – Eddie Griffin, American basketball player (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Matt Maguire, Australian rules footballer

May 30 – Deaths:

  • 1159 – Wladislaus II the Exile of Poland (b. 1105)
  • 1252 – King Ferdinand III of Castile
  • 1416 – Jerome of Prague, Czech theologian (executed) (b. 1379)
  • 1431 – Joan of Arc, French heroine and saint (burned at the stake) (b. 1412)
  • 1434 – Prokop the Great, Hussite general
  • 1469 – Lope de Barrientos —a powerful bishop in Castile
  • 1574 – King Charles IX of France (b. 1550)
  • 1576 – Harada Naomasa, Japanese retainer and samurai
  • 1593 – Christopher Marlowe, English playwright (b. 1564)
  • 1640 – Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (b. 1577)
  • 1696 – Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b.1638)
  • 1718 – Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle, Dutch favorite of William III of England (b. 1670)
  • 1730 – Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1648)
  • 1744 – Alexander Pope, English writer (b. 1688)
  • 1770 – François Boucher, French painter (b. 1703)
  • 1778 – Voltaire, French philosopher and author (b. 1694)
  • 1865 – John Catron, United States Supreme Court Justice
  • 1868 – Souji Okita, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1823)
  • 1901 – Victor D’Hondt, Belgian mathematician (b. 1841)
  • 1912 – Wilbur Wright, aviation pioneer (Wright Brothers) (b. 1867)
  • 1918 – Georgi Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary and Marxist theoretician (b. 1856)
  • 1925 – Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (b. 1876)
  • 1926 – Vladimir Steklov, Russian physicist (b. 1864)
  • 1934 – Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Floyd Roberts, Auto racer, killed during 1939 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1904)
  • 1941 – Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (b. 1893)
  • 1946 – Louis Slotin, Canadian Scientist at Los Alamos (b. 1910)
  • 1947 – Georg Ritter von Trapp, World War I Austrian submarine commander (b. 1880)
  • 1951 – Hermann Broch, Austrian author (b. 1886)
  • 1953 – Dooley Wilson, American musician and actor (b. 1886)
  • 1955 – Bill Vukovich, Auto racer, killed during 1955 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1918)
  • 1960 – Boris Pasternak, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (b. 1890)
  • 1961 – Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic (b. 1891)
  • 1964 – Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-born nuclear physicist (b. 1898)
  • 1964 – Eddie Sachs and Dave MacDonald, American auto racers, killed during 1964 Indianapolis 500 (b. 1927)
  • 1967 – Claude Rains, English actor (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Marcel Dupré, French organist and composer (b. 1886)
  • 1975 – Steve Prefontaine, American runner (b. 1951)
  • 1975 – Michel Simon, French actor (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Carl Radle, American bass guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 1981 – Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1955)
  • 1981 – Ziaur Rahman, President of Bangladesh (b. 1936)
  • 1986 – Perry Ellis, American fashion designer (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Sun Ra, American musician (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Marcel Bich, French industrialist (Société Bic) (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Ted Drake, former English footballer (b. 1912)
  • 1995 – Lofty England, English automotive engineer and race team manager (b.1911)
  • 1995 – Bobby Stokes, former English footballer (b. 1951)
  • 2000 – Tex Beneke, American bandleader, singer, and saxophone player (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Doris Hare, Welsh actress (b. 1905)
  • 2003 – Mickie Most, English record producer (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Fazal Mahmood, Pakistani cricketer (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Tomasz Pacynski, Polish writer (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Robert Sterling, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – David Lloyd, New Zealand biologist (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Jean-Claude Brialy, French actor, director, screenwriter and author (b. 1933)

May 30 – Holidays:

  • Trinidad and Tobago – Indian Arrival Day (National Holiday).

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On This Day in History May 29

May 29- E vents:

  • 363 – Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Sassanid capital, but is unable to take the city.
  • 1167 – Battle of Monte Porzio – A Roman army supporting Pope Alexander III is defeated by Christian of Buch and Rainald of Dassel
  • 1176 – Battle of Legnano, in which the Lombard League defeats Emperor Frederick I.
  • 1414 – Council of Constance.
  • 1453 – Byzantine-Ottoman Wars: Ottoman armies under Sultan Mehmed II Fatih capture Constantinople after a siege, ending the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1592 – At the Battle of Sacheon, the Korean navy led by Admiral Yi Sun Shin, repel a Japanese army which outnumbers them nearly 3 to 1.
  • 1660 – English Restoration: Charles II (on his birthday – see below) is restored to the throne of Great Britain.
  • 1677 – Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Indians.
  • 1727 – Peter II becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1733 – Right of Canadians to keep Indian slaves upheld at Quebec City.
  • 1765 – Patrick Henry in a speech denouncing the Stamp Act is believed to have said, “If this be treason, make the most of it!”
  • 1780 – Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton brutally massacred Colonel Abraham Buford’s continentals even after the continentals surrendered. 113 Americans were killed.
  • 1790 – Rhode Island becomes the last of the original United States colonies to ratify the Constitution and is admitted as the 13th U.S. state.
  • 1848 – Wisconsin is admitted as the 30th U.S. state.
  • 1864 – Emperor Maximilian of Mexico arrives in Mexico for the first time.
  • 1867 – Austro-Hungarian agreement called Ausgleich (“the Compromise”) is born through Act 12, which established the Austro-Hungarian Empire; on June 8 Emperor Franz Joseph was crowned King of Hungary.
  • 1868 – The assassination of Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia, in Belgrade.
  • 1886 – Chemist John Pemberton places his first advertisement for Coca-Cola, the ad appearing in the Atlanta Journal.
  • 1903 – May coup d’etat: Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.
  • 1913 – Igor Stravinsky’s ballet score The Rite of Spring is premiered in Paris.
  • 1914 – Ocean liner Empress of Ireland sinks in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; 1,024 lives lost.
  • 1919 – Einstein’s theory of general relativity is tested (later confirmed) by Arthur Eddington’s observation of a total solar eclipse in Principe and by Andrew Crommelin in Sobral, Ceará, Brazil.
  • 1924 – AEK Athens FC is established on the anniversary of the siege of Constantinople by the Turks.
  • 1932 – World War I Veterans begin to assemble in Washington, DC in the Bonus Army to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945.
  • 1942 – Bing Crosby, the Ken Darby Singers and the John Scott Trotter Orchestra record Irving Berlin’s “White Christmas”, the best-selling Christmas album in history.
  • 1950 – St. Roch, first ship to circumnavigate North America, arrives in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
  • 1953 – Sir Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay are the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest, on Tenzing Norgay’s 39th birthday.
  • 1954 – First of the annual Bilderberg conferences.
  • 1964 – The Arab League meets in East Jerusalem to discuss the Palestinian situation in Israel which leads to the formation of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
  • 1968 – Manchester United wins the European Cup, the first English Club to do so.
  • 1972 – 26 people are killed and dozens more injured when three Japanese gunmen opened fire on crowds at Lod International Airport in Tel Aviv, Israel.
  • 1973 – Tom Bradley is elected the first black mayor of Los Angeles, California.
  • 1982 – Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff ever to visit Canterbury Cathedral.
  • 1985 – Heysel Stadium disaster: In Brussels, Belgium, 39 football fans die and hundreds are injured by Liverpool fans at a European Cup match.
  • 1985 – Amputee Steve Fonyo completes cross-Canada marathon at Victoria, British Columbia, after 14 months.
  • 1988 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan begins his first visit to the Soviet Union as he arrives in Moscow for a superpower summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
  • 1990 – Boris Yeltsin is elected president of the Russian SFSR by the Russian parliament.
  • 1999 – Olusegun Obasanjo takes office as President of Nigeria, the first elected and civilian head of state in Nigeria after 16 years of military rule.
  • 1999 – Space Shuttle Discovery completes the first docking with the International Space Station.
  • 2001 – U.S. Supreme Court rules that disabled golfer Casey Martin could use a cart to ride in tournaments.
  • 2004 – The World War II Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 2004 – The Al-Khobar massacres in Saudi Arabia kill 22.
  • 2005 – France, one of the founders of a united Europe, resoundingly rejects the European Constitution.

May 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1594 – Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian general (d. 1632)
  • 1627 – Anne, Duchess of Montpensier, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1630 – Charles II of England (d. 1685)
  • 1675 – Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (d. 1715)
  • 1716 – Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton, French naturalist (d. 1800)
  • 1722 – James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician (d. 1773)
  • 1736 – Patrick Henry, American patriot, statesman, and orator (d. 1799)
  • 1773 – Princess Sophia of Gloucester (d. 1844)
  • 1823 – John H. Balsley, American carpenter (d. 1895)
  • 1860 – Isaac Albéniz, Spanish composer (d. 1909)
  • 1863 – Arthur Mold, English cricketer (d. 1921)
  • 1874 – G. K. Chesterton, English novelist (d. 1936)
  • 1880 – Oswald Spengler, German philosopher (d. 1936)
  • 1892 – Alfonsina Storni, Argentine writer (d. 1938)
  • 1893 – Max Brand, American author and war correspondent (d. 1944)
  • 1894 – Beatrice Lillie, Canadian actress (d. 1989)
  • 1894 – Josef von Sternberg, Austrian-born writer and film director (d. 1969)
  • 1897 – Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Austrian composer (d. 1957)
  • 1903 – Bob Hope, British-born comedian and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1905 – Sebastian Shaw, English actor (d. 1994)
  • 1906 – T.H. White, British author (d. 1964)
  • 1907 – Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman and senator (d. 2002)
  • 1911 – Armida, Mexican-American stage, vaudeville and film star (d. 1989)
  • 1913 – Tony Zale, American boxer (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Stacy Keach, Sr., American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Karl Münchinger, German conductor (d. 1990)
  • 1917 – John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (d. 1963)
  • 1920 – John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Iannis Xenakis, Greek composer and architect, major contributor to musical modernism (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Charles Denner, French actor (d. 1995)
  • 1927 – Jean Coutu, Quebec businessman (Jean Coutu Group)
  • 1932 – Richie Guerin, former basketball player
  • 1932 – Paul R. Ehrlich, American biologist and author who founded the group Zero Population Growth
  • 1933 – Helmuth Rilling, German conductor
  • 1937 – Charles W. Pickering, American judge
  • 1937 – Irmin Schmidt, German musician (Can)
  • 1938 – Fay Vincent, baseball commissioner
  • 1939 – Al Unser, Sr., American race car driver
  • 1940 – Farooq Leghari, President of Pakistan
  • 1942 – Pierre Bourque, Former mayor of Montreal
  • 1942 – Kevin Conway, American actor
  • 1943 – Robert W. Edgar, Theologian
  • 1945 – Gary Brooker, musician (Procol Harum)
  • 1946 – Fernando Buesa, Basque politician (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – Gene Robinson, American ecclesiastic
  • 1947 – Anthony Geary, American actor
  • 1949 – Brian Kidd, English footballer
  • 1950 – Rebbie Jackson, American musician
  • 1951 – Peter Chernin, President of News Corporation
  • 1953 – Danny Elfman, American musician (Oingo Boingo)
  • 1953 – Aleksandr Abdulov, Russian actor (d. 2008)
  • 1955 – John Hinckley, Jr., American attempted assassin
  • 1955 – Sut Jhally, Kenyan-born American educator
  • 1955 – Ken Schrader, American race car driver
  • 1956 – LaToya Jackson, American musician
  • 1957 – Jeb Hensarling, American politician
  • 1957 – Ted Levine, American actor
  • 1958 – Annette Bening, American actress
  • 1958 – Willem Holleeder, Dutch criminal
  • 1959 – Rupert Everett, English actor
  • 1959 – Adrian Paul, English actor
  • 1961 – Melissa Etheridge, American musician
  • 1962 – Eric Davis, American baseball player
  • 1962 – John D. LeMay, American actor
  • 1963 – Blaze Bayley, British singer (ex-Iron Maiden)
  • 1963 – Ukyo Katayama, Japanese racing driver
  • 1963 – Lisa Whelchel, American actress
  • 1967 – Noel Gallagher, English musician (Oasis)
  • 1967 – Mike Keane, Canadian hockey player
  • 1969 – Chan Kinchla, Canadian musician (Blues Traveler)
  • 1972 – Közi, Japanese visual kei artist
  • 1973 – Mark Lee, American musician (guitarist for Third Day)
  • 1973 – Alpay Özalan, Turkish footballer
  • 1974 – Myf Warhurst, Australian radio presenter on Triple J and TV personality on Spicks and Specks
  • 1975 – Melanie Brown, English musician and actress
  • 1975 – Anthony Wall, English golfer
  • 1976 – David Buckner, American musician (Papa Roach)
  • 1976 – Caçapa, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – Jerry Hairston Jr., American baseball player
  • 1976 – Yusuke Iseya, Japanese model and actor
  • 1977 – Antonio Lebo-Lebo, Angolan footballer
  • 1978 – Lorenzo Odone, Adrenoleukodystrophy victim
  • 1978 – Pelle Almqvist, Swedish musician (The Hives)
  • 1978 – Sébastien Grosjean, French tennis player
  • 1979 – Brian Kendrick, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Arne Friedrich, German soccer player
  • 1979 – John Rheinecker, Major League Baseball player
  • 1979 – Casey Sheehan, American soldier; son of Cindy Sheehan (d. 2004)
  • 1982 – Ana Beatriz Barros, Brazilian model
  • 1982 – Matt Macri, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Rama Claproth, Indonesian blues guitarist
  • 1984 – Carmelo Anthony, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Dylan Postl, American professional wrestler
  • 1987 – Alessandra Toreson, American actress

May 29 – Deaths:

  • 1259 – King Christopher I of Denmark (b. 1219)
  • 1379 – King Henry II of Castile (b. 1334)
  • 1405 – Philippe de Mézières, advisor to Charles V of France
  • 1425 – Hongxi Emperor of China (b. 1378)
  • 1453 – Constantine XI Palaeologus, last Byzantine Emperor (b. 1404)
  • 1500 – Bartolomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer
  • 1546 – David Beaton, Scottish Catholic cardinal
  • 1593 – John Penry, Welsh Protestant leader (b. 1559)
  • 1660 – Frans van Schooten, Dutch mathematician (b. 1615)
  • 1691 – Cornelis Tromp, Dutch admiral (b. 1629)
  • 1790 – Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)
  • 1796 – Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (b. 1720)
  • 1814 – Joséphine de Beauharnais, Empress of France (b. 1763)
  • 1829 – Humphry Davy, English chemist (b. 1778)
  • 1847 – Emmanuel, marquis de Grouchy, French marshal (b. 1766)
  • 1866 – Winfield Scott, American general (b. 1786)
  • 1868 – Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia (b. 1823)
  • 1882 – Vasily Perov, Russian painter (b. 1833)
  • 1892 – Bahá’u’lláh, Persian founder of the Bahá’í Faith (b. 1817)
  • 1896 – Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (b. 1814)
  • 1903 – Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (b. 1864)
  • 1903 – Bruce Price, American architect (b. 1845)
  • 1910 – Mily Balakirev, Russian composer (b. 1837)
  • 1911 – William S. Gilbert, English dramatist (b. 1836)
  • 1919 – Robert Bacon, American politician (b. 1860)
  • 1935 – Josef Suk, Czech composer and violinist (b. 1874)
  • 1939 – Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (b. 1865)
  • 1942 – John Barrymore, American actor (b. 1882)
  • 1946 – Martin Weiss, Commandant of Dachau concentration camp (b. 1905)
  • 1948 – Dame May Whitty, English actress (b. 1865)
  • 1951 – Fanny Brice, American singer/comedian (b. 1891)
  • 1953 – Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (b. 1891)
  • 1958 – Juan Ramón Jiménez, Spanish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1970 – John Gunther, American writer (b. 1901)
  • 1972 – Moe Berg, American baseball player and spy (b. 1902)
  • 1972 – Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (b. 1878)
  • 1977 – Ba Maw, Burmese politician (b. 1893)
  • 1979 – Mary Pickford, Canadian-born American actress and studio founder (b. 1892)
  • 1979 – John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (b. 1916)
  • 1982 – Romy Schneider, Austrian actress (b. 1938)
  • 1983 – Arvids Pelše, Soviet Latvian statesman (b. 1899)
  • 1989 – John Cipollina, American musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (b. 1943)
  • 1993 – Billy Conn, American boxer (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Erich Honecker, leader of East Germany (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Tamara Toumanova, Ballet star and actress (b. 1919)
  • 1997 – Jeff Buckley, American musician (b. 1966)
  • 1997 – George Fenneman, American radio and television announcer (b. 1919)
  • 1998 – Barry M. Goldwater, U.S. Senator from Arizona and presidential candidate (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Mildred Benson, American writer (b. 1905)
  • 2003 – David Jefferies, British motorcycle racer (b. 1972)
  • 2004 – Archibald Cox, Watergate special prosecutor (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Samuel Dash, American Congressional counsel (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – George Rochberg, American composer (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Steve Mizerak, American pool player (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Jacques Bouchard, Quebec advertising executive (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Lois Browne-Evans, Legendary Bermudian Politician (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Posteal Laskey, American convicted murderer widely believed to be the Cincinnati Strangler (b. 1938)

May 29-Holidays

  • Nigeria: Democracy Day
  • United Kingdom: Oak Apple Day.

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On This Day in History May 28

May 28 – Events:

  • 585 BC – A solar eclipse occurs, as predicted by Greek philosopher and scientist Thales, while Alyattes is battling Cyaxares in the Battle of the Eclipse, leading to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
  • 1503 – James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor are married by Pope Alexander VI according to Papal Bull.
  • 1503 – The Treaty of Everlasting Peace between Scotland and England is signed, which would actually last 10 years.
  • 1533 – The Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer declares the marriage of King Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn valid
  • 1588 – The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, begins to set sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel. (It will take until May 30 for all ships to leave port).
  • 1644 – Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of the Earl of Derby.
  • 1754 – French and Indian War: In the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington defeat a French reconnaissance party in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette County in southwestern Pennsylvania.
  • 1774 – American Revolutionary War: The first Continental Congress convenes.
  • 1830 – President Andrew Jackson signs The Indian Removal Act which relocates Indians
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, the first African American regiment, leaves Boston, Massachusetts, to fight for the Union.
  • 1892 – In San Francisco, California, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima ends with the destruction of the Russian Baltic Fleet by Admiral Togo Heihachiro and the Imperial Japanese Navy.
  • 1918 – The Democratic Republic of Armenia and Azerbaijan Democratic Republic declare their independence from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic.
  • 1926 – Ditadura Nacional established in Portugal to suppress the unrest of the First Republic.
  • 1930 – The Chrysler Building in New York City officially opens.
  • 1934 – Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
  • 1934 – The Glyndebourne festival in England is inaugurated.
  • 1936 – Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.
  • 1937 – The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, DC, who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span.
  • 1937 – Neville Chamberlain becomes British Prime Minister.
  • 1940 – World War II: Belgium surrenders to Germany.
  • 1940 – World War II: Norwegian, French, Polish and British forces recapture Narvik. First allied infantry victory in World War II.
  • 1942 – World War II: In retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazis in Czechoslovakia kill over 1,800 people.
  • 1952 – Memphis Kiddie Park opens in Brooklyn, Ohio. The park’s Little Dipper roller coaster would become the oldest operating steel roller coaster in North America.
  • 1952 – The women of Greece gain the suffrage.
  • 1955 – Henry Bolte becomes Premier of the state of Victoria.
  • 1961 – Peter Benenson’s article “The Forgotten Prisoners” is published in several internationally read newspapers. This will later be thought of as the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International.
  • 1964 – The Palestine Liberation Organization is formed.
  • 1970 – The formerly united Free University of Brussels officially splits into two separate entities, the French-speaking Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Dutch-speaking Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
  • 1974 – Northern Ireland’s power-sharing Sunningdale Agreement collapses following a general strike by loyalists.
  • 1975 – Fifteen West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos, thus creating the Economic Community of West African States.
  • 1977 – In Southgate, Kentucky, the Beverly Hills Supper Club is engulfed in fire, killing 165 people inside.
  • 1978 – Second round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta. Elections won by incumbent Sangoulé Lamizana.
  • 1979 – Constantine Karamanlis signs the full treaty of the accession of Greece with the European Economic Community.
  • 1982 – Falklands War: British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.
  • 1987 – 19-year-old West German pilot Mathias Rust evades Soviet Union air defenses and lands a private plane in Red Square in Moscow. He is immediately detained and is not released until August 3, 1988.
  • 1987 – A robot probe finds the wreckage of the USS Monitor near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
  • 1991 – The capital city of Addis Ababa, falls to the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.
  • 1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton’s former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, James McDougal and Susan McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker, are convicted of fraud.
  • 1998 – Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of Indian nuclear tests with five of its own, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions.
  • 1999 – In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo da Vinci’s newly-restored masterpiece “The Last Supper” is put back on display.
  • 1999 – Two Swedish police officers are murdered with their own fire arms by the bank robbers Jackie Arklöv and Tony Olsson after a dramatic car chase.
  • 2002 – NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.
  • 2003 – Peter Hollingworth becomes the first Governor-General of Australia to resign his office as a result of criticism of his conduct.
  • 2004 – The Iraqi Governing Council chooses Ayad Allawi, a longtime anti-Saddam Hussein exile, to become prime minister of Iraq’s interim government.

May 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1140 – Xin Qiji, Chinese poet (d. 1207)
  • 1371 – John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1419)
  • 1524 – Selim II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1574)
  • 1582 – William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (d. 1662)
  • 1588 – Pierre Seguier, Chancellor of France (d. 1672)
  • 1641 – Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian polymath (d. 1693)
  • 1660 – King George I of Great Britain (d. 1727)
  • 1676 – Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (d. 1754)
  • 1692 – Joseph Butler, English philosopher (d. 1752)
  • 1738 – Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician (d. 1814)
  • 1759 – William Pitt the Younger, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1806)
  • 1779 – Thomas Moore, Irish poet (d. 1852)
  • 1807 – Louis Agassiz, Swiss-born zoologist and geologist (d. 1873)
  • 1818 – Pierre Beauregard, American Confederate general (d. 1893)
  • 1836 – Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist (d. 1918)
  • 1837 – George Ashlin, Irish architect (d. 1921)
  • 1837 – Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (d. 1908)
  • 1853 – Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (d. 1919)
  • 1858 – Carl Rickard Nyberg, Swedish inventor (d. 1939)
  • 1872 – Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (d. 1917)
  • 1878 – Paul Pelliot, French sinologist (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1966)
  • 1883 – Clough Williams-Ellis, Welsh architect (d. 1978)
  • 1884 – Edvard Beneš, Czech politician (d. 1948)
  • 1888 – Jim Thorpe, American athlete (d. 1953)
  • 1889 – Richard Réti, Austrian-Czech chess grandmaster (d. 1929)
  • 1892 – Sepp Dietrich, German SS officer (d. 1966)
  • 1900 – Tommy Ladnier, American musician (d. 1939)
  • 1908 – Ian Fleming, English author (d. 1964)
  • 1909 – Red Horner, Canadian hockey star (d. 2005)
  • 1910 – T-Bone Walker, American singer (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Lady Rachel Kempson, English actress (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Thora Hird, British actress (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Fritz Hochwälder, Austrian author (d. 1986)
  • 1912 – Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d.1990)
  • 1912 – Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1914 – W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British World War II pilot (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Joseph Greenberg, American linguist (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Walker Percy, American author (d. 1990)
  • 1917 – Papa John Creech, American musician (d. 1994)
  • 1918 – Johnny Wayne, Canadian comedian (Wayne and Shuster) (d. 1990)
  • 1921 – Heinz G. Konsalik, German author (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Lou Duva, American boxing trainer
  • 1923 – György Ligeti, Hungarian composer (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, Indian actor,director,producer and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Bülent Ecevit, Prime Minister of Turkey (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, German baritone
  • 1931 – Carroll Baker, American actress
  • 1934 – Dionne quintuplets (Emilie d. 1954, Marie d. 1970, Yvonne d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Betty Shabazz, American civil rights leader (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Claude Forget, Quebec politician
  • 1938 – Jerry West, American basketball player
  • 1938 – Prince Buster, Jamaican musician
  • 1941 – Beth Howland, American actress (“Vera” on Alice)
  • 1942 – Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or  Medicine
  • 1943 – Terry Crisp, NHL coach
  • 1943 – Elena Souliotis, Greek soprano (d. 2004)
  • 1944 – Rudy Giuliani, ex-Mayor of New York City
  • 1944 – Gladys Knight, American singer, actress, author and humanitarian
  • 1944 – Patricia Quinn, Northern Irish actress
  • 1944 – Billy Vera, American actor and musician
  • 1944 – Faith Brown, British actress
  • 1945 – John Fogerty, American musician (Creedence Clearwater Revival)
  • 1945 – Gary Stewart, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1945 – Hunter “Patch” Adams, American doctor
  • 1945 – John N. Bambacus, American politician
  • 1946 – Satchidanandan, Indian-born poet
  • 1946 – Skip Jutze, baseball player
  • 1947 – Sondra Locke, American actress
  • 1947 – Zahi Hawass, Egyptologist
  • 1949 – Wendy O. Williams, American musician (The Plasmatics) (d. 1998)
  • 1950 – Ian Bradley, British writer, academic and theologian
  • 1950 – Jim Harris, American professional wrestler
  • 1952 – Russell J. Wintner, American Hollywood executive
  • 1953 – Arto Lindsay, American guitarist and singer
  • 1954 – John Tory, Leader: Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario
  • 1954 – Youri Egorov, Soviet classical pianist (d.1988)
  • 1955 – John McGeoch, Scottish musician (Siouxsie and the Banshees) (d. 2004)
  • 1955 – Mark Howe, Professional ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Julie Peasgood, British actress
  • 1956 – Jerry Douglas (musician), American dobro player
  • 1956 – Markus Höttinger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1980)
  • 1957 – Kirk Gibson, baseball player
  • 1957 – Ben Howland, NCAA basketball coach
  • 1959 – John Morgan, etiquette expert (d. 2000)
  • 1962 – Brandon Cruz, American actor
  • 1962 – Roland Gift, English musician (Fine Young Cannibals)
  • 1962 – James Michael Tyler, actor-best known as Gunther on “Friends”.
  • 1963 – Houman Younessi, Iranian-born scientist
  • 1963 – Gavin Harrison, British drummer
  • 1964 – Jeff Fenech, Australian boxer
  • 1964 – Christa Miller, American actress
  • 1964 – David Baddiel, English comedian, novelist and television presenter
  • 1964 – Phil Vassar, country music artist
  • 1965 – Chris Ballew, American musician
  • 1967 – Glen Rice, American basketball player
  • 1968 – Kylie Minogue, Australian actress and singer
  • 1969 – Mike DiFelice, baseball player
  • 1969 – Justin Kirk, American actor
  • 1970 – Morgan Fox, Canadian model and 1990 Playboy playmate
  • 1970 – Ian Cashmore, UK actor, tv presenter & paranormal investigator
  • 1970 – Glenn Quinn, Irish actor
  • 1971 – Isabelle Carré, French actress
  • 1971 – Ekaterina Gordeeva, Russian Olympic and World Figure Skating Champion
  • 1972 – Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist
  • 1972 – Guidoni Junior Doriva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Charmaine Sheh, Hong Kong actress
  • 1976 – Liam O’Brien, American voice actor
  • 1976 – Alexei Nemov, Russian gymnast
  • 1976 – Glenn Morrison, Rugby League Player
  • 1977 – Jeremy Borash, American professional wrestling announcer
  • 1977 – Elisabeth Hasselbeck, American television panelist (The View)
  • 1979 – Jesse Bradford, American actor
  • 1979 – Monica Keena, American actress
  • 1979 – Ronald Curry, American Football Player
  • 1980 – Mark Feehily, Irish musician (Westlife)
  • 1980 – Miguel Pérez, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Adam Green, American singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – Daniel Cabrera, Dominican baseball player
  • 1982 – Alexa Davalos, American actress
  • 1982 – Jhonny Peralta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1983 – Humberto Sanchez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1985 – Colbie Caillat, American American acoustic-folk singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Charles N’Zogbia, French footballer
  • 1986 – Jaslene Gonzalez, American model and reality show contestant

May 28 – Deaths:

  • 1357 – King Afonso IV of Portugal (b. 1291)
  • 1556 – Saito Dosan, Japanese daimyo (b. 1494)
  • 1672 – John Trevor, English politician (b. 1626)
  • 1747 – Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer (b. 1715)
  • 1750 – Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1720)
  • 1787 – Leopold Mozart, Austrian composer (b. 1719)
  • 1805 – Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer (b. 1743)
  • 1808 – Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (b. 1720)
  • 1811 – Henry Dundas, British minister (b. 1742)
  • 1816 – Ras Wolde Selassie, Ethiopian warlord
  • 1828 – Daikokuya Kodayu, Japanese castaway (b. 1751)
  • 1843 – Noah Webster, American author, politician, and lexicographer (b. 1758)
  • 1849 – Anne Brontë, English author (b. 1820)
  • 1878 – John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1792)
  • 1916 – Ivan Franko, Ukrainian writer (b. 1856)
  • 1927 – Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1937 – Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist (b. 1870)
  • 1940 – Friedrich Karl von Hessen (b. 1868)
  • 1947 – August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (b. 1907)
  • 1948 – Unity Mitford, English fascist sympathizer (b. 1914)
  • 1953 – Hori Tatsuo, Japanese writer (b. 1904)
  • 1968 – Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov, Yakut-born Soviet sniper (b. 1908)
  • 1971 – Audie Murphy, American actor and war hero (b. 1924)
  • 1971 – Jean Vilar, French actor (b. 1912)
  • 1972 – King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (b. 1894
  • 1975 – Ezzard Charles, Heavyweight champion (b. 1921)
  • 1976 – Steffan Danielsen, Faroese painter (b. 1922)
  • 1978 – Arthur Brough, English actor (b. 1905)
  • 1980 – Rolf Nevanlinna, Finnish mathematician (b. 1895)
  • 1981 – Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, Archbishop of Warsaw (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Lt. Col. ‘H’. Jones VC, British soldier (Falklands War) (b. 1940)
  • 1984 – Eric Morecambe, British comedian (Morecambe and Wise) (b. 1926)
  • 1988 – Sy Oliver, Jazz trumpeter, composer and bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Billy Conn, American boxer and actor (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Julius Boros, American golfer (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American writer (b. 1916)
  • 1998 – Phil Hartman, Canadian actor, comedian (b. 1948)
  • 2001 – Francisco Varela, Chilean biologist and philosopher (b. 1946)
  • 2001 – Joe Moakley, American politician (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Jean Berger, German-born composer (b. 1909)
  • 2003 – Oleg Makarov, cosmonaut (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Ilya Prigogine, Russian-born physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Martha Scott, American actress (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author and ski jumper (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Marquise Hill, American football player (b. 1982)
  • 2007 – Toshikatsu Matsuoka, Japanese politician (b. 1945)

May 28-Holidays

  • Republic Day in Azerbaijan and Armenia (both 1918).
  • National Flag Day in the Republic of the Philippines.
  • Feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:

o   Germain of Paris

o   Augustine of Canterbury

o   William of Gellone

o   Bernard of Menthon

o   Lanfranc

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On This Day in History May 27

May 27 – Events:

  • 927 – Battle of the Bosnian Highlands Simeon I of Bulgaria decisively defeated by King Tomislav of Croatia.
  • 1120 – Richard III of Capua anointed as prince a fortnight before his untimely death.
  • 1153 – Malcolm IV becomes King of Scotland.
  • 1328 – Philip VI is crowned King of France.
  • 1647 – Peter Stuyvesant was inaugurated as Director-General of New Netherland.
  • 1703 – Tsar Peter the Great founds the city of Saint Petersburg.
  • 1798 – The Battle of Oulart Hill occurs in Wexford, Ireland.
  • 1812 – South American Wars of Independence: In Bolivia, the battle of La Coronilla, in which the women from Cochabamba fought against the Spanish army.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: In Canada, American forces capture Fort George.
  • 1849 – The Great Hall of Euston station, London opened.
  • 1860 – Giuseppe Garibaldi begins his attack on Palermo, Sicily, as part of the Italian Unification.
  • 1883 – Alexander III is crowned Tsar of Russia.
  • 1896 – The F4-strength St. Louis-East St. Louis Tornado hits in St. Louis, Missouri and East Saint Louis, Illinois, killing at least 255 people and incurring $2.9 billion in damages.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima begins.
  • 1907 – A Bubonic plague outbreak begins in San Francisco, California.
  • 1908 – Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din elected first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
  • 1919 – The NC-4 aircraft arrives in Lisbon after completing the first transatlantic flight.
  • 1927 – The Ford Motor Company ceases manufacturing the Ford Model T and begins to retool plants to make Ford Model A’s.
  • 1930 – The 1,046 feet (319 meters) tall Chrysler Building in New York (tallest man-made structure at the time) opens to the public.
  • 1933 – New Deal: The U.S. Federal Securities Act is signed into law requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.
  • 1933 – The Walt Disney Company releases the cartoon The Three Little Pigs, with its hit song “Who’s Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?”
  • 1933 – The Century of Progress World’s Fair opens in Chicago.
  • 1935 – New Deal: The Supreme Court of the United States declares the National Industrial Recovery Act to be unconstitutional in the case A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, (295 U.S. 495).
  • 1937 – In California, the Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic, creating a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County.
  • 1939 – DC Comics publishes its second superhero in Detective Comics #27; he is Batman, one of the most topical comic book superheroes of all time.
  • 1940 – World War II: 97 out of 99 members of a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are massacred while trying to surrender at Dunkirk. The German commander, Captain Fritz Knoechlein, is eventually hanged for war crimes.
  • 1941 – World War II: U.S. President Roosevelt proclaims an “unlimited national emergency.”
  • 1941 – World War II: The German battleship Bismarck is sunk in the North Atlantic killing almost 2,100 men.
  • 1942 – World War II: Operation Anthropoid – assassination of Reinhard Heydrich in Prague
  • 1957 – Toronto’s 1050 CHUM AM becomes Canada’s first radio station to only broadcast top 40 Rock n’ Roll music format.
  • 1958 – The F-4 Phantom II flies for the first time.
  • 1960 – In Turkey, a military coup removed President Celal Bayar and the rest of the democratic government from office.
  • 1963 – Folk music singer Bob Dylan releases The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan album, which features “Blowin’ in the Wind” and several other of his best-known songs.
  • 1964 – Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru dies in office.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: United States warships begin bombardments of National Liberation Front targets within South Vietnam for the first time.
  • 1967 – Australians vote in favor of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians, and to count them in the national census.
  • 1967 – The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) is christened by Jacqueline Kennedy and her daughter Caroline.
  • 1971 – The Dahlerau train disaster, the worst railway accident in West Germany, kills 46 people and injures 25 near Wuppertal.
  • 1980 – The Gwangju Massacre: airborne and army troops of South Korea retake the city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 and possibly many more.
  • 1995 – In Charlottesville, Virginia, actor Christopher Reeve is paralyzed from the neck down after falling from his horse in a riding competition.
  • 1996 – First Chechnya War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin meets with Chechnyan rebels for the first time and negotiates a cease-fire in the war.
  • 1997 – The F5-strength Jarrell Tornado slams into the small town of Jarrell, Texas, killing 27 people.
  • 1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Paula Jones can pursue her sex harassment lawsuit against President Bill Clinton while he is in office.
  • 1998 – Oklahoma City bombing: Michael Fortier is sentenced to 12 years in prison and fined $200,000 for failing to warn authorities about the terrorist plot.
  • 1999 – The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands indicts Slobodan Miloševic and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.
  • 2006 – The May 2006 Java earthquake strikes at 5:53:58 AM local time (22:53:58 UTC May 26) devastating Bantul and the city of Yogyakarta killing over 6,600 people.

May 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1332 – Ibn Khaldun, Arab historian (d. 1406)
  • 1519 – Girolamo Mei, Italian historian (d. 1594)
  • 1576 – Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (d. 1649)
  • 1601 – Antoine Daniel, Jesuit missionary and martyr (d. 1648)
  • 1623 – William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (d. 1687)
  • 1626 – William II, Prince of Orange (d. 1650)
  • 1651 – Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (d. 1729)
  • 1652 – Liselotte von der Pfalz, Duchess of Orléans (d. 1722)
  • 1738 – Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (d. 1796)
  • 1756 – King Maximilian I of Bavaria (d. 1825)
  • 1794 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, American entrepreneur (d. 1877)
  • 1818 – Amelia Bloomer, American suffragette (d. 1894)
  • 1819 – Julia Ward Howe, American composer (d. 1910)
  • 1820 – Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess and socialite (d. 1904)
  • 1827 – Samuel F. Miller, American politician (d. 1892)
  • 1836 – Jay Gould, American financier (d. 1892)
  • 1837 – Wild Bill Hickok, American gunfighter (d. 1876)
  • 1837 – Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter (d. 1887)
  • 1860 – Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7 President of Portugal (d. 1941)
  • 1864 – Ante Trumbic, Croatian politician (d. 1938)
  • 1867 – Arnold Bennett, British novelist (d. 1931)
  • 1871 – Georges Rouault, French painter and graphic artist (d. 1958)
  • 1876 – Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (d. 1945)
  • 1879 – Hans Lammers, German SS officer (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – Max Brod, Austrian author (d. 1968)
  • 1888 – Louis Durey, French composer (d. 1979)
  • 1891 – Claude Champagne, French-Canadian composer (d. 1965)
  • 1893 – Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian (d. 2005)
  • 1894 – Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (d. 1961)
  • 1894 – Dashiell Hammett, American author (d. 1961)
  • 1897 – John Cockcroft, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
  • 1900 – Uladzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
  • 1904 – Chuhei Nambu, Japanese athlete (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Rachel Carson, American biologist and science writer (d. 1964)
  • 1911 – Hubert H. Humphrey, American politician (d. 1978)
  • 1911 – Teddy Kollek, Austrian-born Israeli politician (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Vincent Price, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – John Cheever, American author (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Sam Snead, American golfer (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Terry Moore, American baseball player (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Wols, German painter (d. 1951)
  • 1915 – Herman Wouk, American writer
  • 1918 – Yasuhiro Nakasone, Japanese politician
  • 1921 – Caryl Chessman, American robber and rapist (d. 1960)
  • 1922 – Christopher Lee, English actor
  • 1923 – Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1923 – Sumner Redstone, American entrepreneur
  • 1925 – Tony Hillerman, American writer
  • 1930 – John Barth, American novelist
  • 1930 – William S. Sessions, American director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • 1933 – Ted Rogers, Canadian entrepreneur
  • 1934 – Harlan Ellison, American author
  • 1935 – Lee Meriwether, Miss America and actress
  • 1935 – Ramsey Lewis, American pianist
  • 1935 – Mal Evans, British Beatles assistant (d. 1976)
  • 1936 – Louis Gossett Jr., American actor
  • 1936 – Marcel Masse, Canadian politician
  • 1937 – Allan Carr, American film producer and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1939 – Socratis Kokkalis, Greek businessman
  • 1942 – Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • 1943 – Cilla Black, English singer and presenter
  • 1943 – Bruce Weitz, American actor
  • 1944 – Christopher Dodd, American politician
  • 1944 – Alain Souchon, French singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Bruce Cockburn, Canadian musician
  • 1946 – Lewis Collins, English actor
  • 1946 – Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, Danish musician (d. 2005)
  • 1947 – Branko Oblak, Slovenian footballer
  • 1948 – Wubbo de Boer, Dutch civil servant
  • 1951 – Ana Belén, Spanish singer and actress
  • 1954 – Pauline Hanson, Australian politician
  • 1954 – Jackie Slater, American football player
  • 1955 – Richard Schiff, American actor
  • 1955 – Eric Bischoff, American professional wrestling promoter
  • 1956 – Cynthia McFadden, American television anchor
  • 1957 – Siouxsie Sioux, English musician (Siouxsie and the Banshees)
  • 1958 – Neil Finn, New Zealand singer and songwriter (Split Enz, Crowded House)
  • 1958 – Linnea Quigley, American actress
  • 1961 – Peri Gilpin, American actress
  • 1962 – Ray Borner, Australian basketball player
  • 1962 – Steven Brill, American film writer and director
  • 1964 – Adam Carolla, American comedian and television personality
  • 1967 – Paul Gascoigne, English footballer
  • 1968 – Jeff Bagwell, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Frank Thomas, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Jeremy Mayfield, American race car driver
  • 1970 – Tim Farron, British politician
  • 1970 – Joseph Fiennes, English actor
  • 1970 – Michele Bartoli, Italian cyclist
  • 1971 – Paul Bettany, English actor
  • 1971 – Wayne Carey, Australian rules footballer
  • 1971 – Kaur Kender, Estonian author
  • 1971 – Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes, American singer (TLC) (d. 2002)
  • 1971 – Glenn Ross, Northern Irish strongman
  • 1971 – Monika Schnarre, Canadian model
  • 1972 – Ivete Sangalo, Brazilian singer
  • 1972 – Todd Demsey, American golfer
  • 1973 – Jack McBrayer, American actor and comedian
  • 1974 – Derek Webb, American singer and songwriter (Caedmon’s Call)
  • 1974 – Danny Wuerffel, American football player
  • 1975 – André 3000, American musician (OutKast)
  • 1975 – Michael Hussey, Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Jadakiss, American rapper (The Lox)
  • 1975 – Jamie Oliver, British chef and television personality
  • 1975 – RJD2, American hip-hop producer
  • 1976 – Anita Blonde, Hungarian porn star
  • 1977 – Abderrahmane Hammad, Algerian athlete
  • 1977 – Mahela Jayawardene, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1977 – Tommie van der Leegte, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Adin Brown, American soccer player
  • 1979 – Mile Sterjovski, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Özgür Çevik, Turkish singer and actor
  • 1981 – Johan Elmander, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Miloy, Angolan footballer
  • 1981 – Fivos Constantinou, Cypriot distance runner
  • 1983 – Bobby Convey, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Kalle Spjuth, Swedish bandy player
  • 1985 – Chien-Ming Chiang, Taiwanese baseball player
  • 1990 – Ekaterina Zaikina, Russian figure-skater

May 27 – Deaths:

  • 366 – Procopius, Roman usurper (b. 326)
  • 735 – Bede, English historian and theologian (b. 672 or 673)
  • 866 – Ordoño I of Asturias, King of Asturias (b. 831)
  • 927 – Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria (b. 864 or 865)
  • 1039 – Dirk III, Count of Holland
  • 1444 – John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (b. 1404)
  • 1508 – Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan (b. 1452)
  • 1525 – Thomas Muentzer, German rebel leader
  • 1541 – Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury (b. 1473)
  • 1564 – John Calvin, French religious reformer (b. 1509)
  • 1610 – François Ravaillac, French assassin of Henry IV of France (b. 1578)
  • 1615 – Marguerite de Valois, queen of Henry IV of France (b. 1553)
  • 1661 – Archibald Campbell, Scottish religious dissident (b. 1607)
  • 1675 – Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
  • 1690 – Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer (b. 1626)
  • 1702 – Dominique Bouhours, French critic (b. 1628)
  • 1707 – Marquise de Montespan, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (b. 1641)
  • 1781 – Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist (b. 1716)
  • 1797 – François-Noël Babeuf, French revolutionary (b. 1760)
  • 1831 – Jedediah Smith, American explorer (b. 1799)
  • 1840 – Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1782)
  • 1896 – Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (b. 1839)
  • 1910 – Robert Koch, German physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1843)
  • 1919 – Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social activist (b. 1848)
  • 1926 – Srecko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (b. 1904)
  • 1947 – Ed Konetchy, American baseball player (b. 1885)
  • 1949 – Robert Ripley, American cartoonist (Ripley’s Believe It or Not!) (b. 1890)
  • 1953 – Jesse Burkett, American baseball player (b. 1868)
  • 1960 – James Montgomery Flagg, American illustrator (b. 1877)
  • 1963 – Gregoris Lambrakis, Greek physician and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1964 – Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian politician (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – Ernst Niekisch, German politician (b. 1889)
  • 1969 – Jeffrey Hunter, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 1984 – Vincent James McMahon, was a U.S. professional wrestling promoter.
  • 1986 – Isma’il Raji’ al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 1987 – John Howard Northrop, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1989 – Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Robert B. Meyner, American politician (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Leopold Nowak, Austrian musicologist (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (b. 1890)
  • 1993 – Mary Philbin, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Werner Stocker, German actor (b. 1955)
  • 2000 – Crawford Murray MacLehose of Beoch, British statesman (b. 1917)
  • 2000 – Maurice Richard, Canadian hockey player (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, intelligence and counter-intelligence officer  (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Ramon Bieri, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Luciano Berio, Italian composer (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Craig Heyward, American football player (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Paul Gleason, American actor (b. 1939)
  • 2006 – Alex Toth, American cartoonist (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Rob Borsellino, American columnist (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Indian actor (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Izumi Sakai, Japanese singer (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Ed Yost, American inventor (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Gretchen Wyler, American actress (b. 1932)

May 27-Holidays

  • Lag Ba’omer in Judaism (2005)
  • Feast day of the following saints in the Christian Church:

o   Augustine of Canterbury

o   Venerable Bede

o   Saint Julius the Veteran

o   Pope John I

o   Hildebert

o   Bruno, Bishop of Würzburg

o   Eutropius

  • Mother’s Day in Bolivia (Día de la Madre) and Sweden (Mors Dag)
  • Children’s Day in Nigeria

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