On This Day in History May 4

May 4 – Events:

  • 1256 – Augustinian monastic order constituted at Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae
  • 1415 – Religious reformers John Wycliffe and Jan Hus were condemned as heretics at the Council of Constance.
  • 1471 – Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Tewkesbury – Edward IV defeats a Lancastrian Army and kills Edward, Prince of Wales.
  • 1493 – Pope Alexander VI divides the New World between Spain and Portugal along the Demarcation Line.
  • 1494 – Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica.
  • 1626 – Dutch explorer Peter Minuit arrives in New Netherland (present day Manhattan Island) aboard the See Meeuw.
  • 1675 – King Charles II of England orders the construction of the Royal Greenwich Observatory.
  • 1686 – Municipality of Ilagan was founded in the Philippines.
  • 1799 – Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam – The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted and the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army, under the  command of General George Harris.
  • 1814 – Emperor Napoleon I of France arrives at Portoferraio on the island of Elba to begin his exile.
  • 1814 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decrete of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism.
  • 1855 – American adventurer William Walker departs from San Francisco with about 60 men to conquer Nicaragua.
  • 1859 – Cornwall Railway opened across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Chancellorsville – The battle ends with a Union retreat.
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln buried in Springfield, Illinois, three weeks after his assassination.
  • 1869 – The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
  • 1871 – The National Association, the first professional baseball league, opens its first season in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
  • 1886 – Haymarket Square Riot: A bomb is thrown at policemen trying to break up a labor rally in Chicago, Illinois, United States, killing eight and wounding 60. The police fire into the crowd.
  • 1904 – Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal.
  • 1904 – German football club FC Schalke 04 was founded
  • 1904 – Charles Stewart Rolls met Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester England.
  • 1910 – The Royal Canadian Navy is created.
  • 1912 – Italy occupies the Greek island of Rhodes.
  • 1919 – May Fourth Movement: Student demonstrations take place in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, protesting the Treaty of Versailles, which transferred Chinese territory to Japan.
  • 1924 – The 1924 Summer Olympics open in Paris, France.
  • 1930 – British police arrest Mahatma Gandhi and place him in Yeravda Central Prison.
  • 1932 – In Atlanta, Georgia, mobster Al Capone begins serving an eleven year prison sentence for tax evasion.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of the Coral Sea – The battle begins with an attack by aircraft from the United States aircraft carrier Yorktown on Japanese naval forces at Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands. The Japanese forces had invaded Tulagi the day before.
  • 1945 – World War II: Liberation of the Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg by the British Army.
  • 1945 – World War II: Surrender of the North Germany Army to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
  • 1946 – In San Francisco Bay, US Marines from the Treasure Island Marine Barracks stop a two-day riot at Alcatraz federal prison. Five people are killed in the riot.
  • 1949 – The entire Torino football (soccer) team (except for one player who did not take the trip due to an injury) is killed in a plane crash at the Superga hill at the edge of Turin, Italy.
  • 1953 – Ernest Hemingway is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea.
  • 1961 – American civil rights movement: The “Freedom Riders” begin a bus trip through the South.
  • 1964 – The long-running soap opera Another World, which would run until 1999, debuts on NBC.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Kent State shootings – The Ohio National Guard, sent to Kent State University after the ROTC building was burnt down, opens fire killing four students and wounding nine others. The students were protesting the United States’ invasion of Cambodia.
  • 1972 – The Don’t Make A Wave Committee, a fledgling environmental organization founded in Canada in 1971, officially changes its name to “Greenpeace Foundation.”
  • 1974 – An all-female Japanese team reaches the summit of Manaslu, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak.
  • 1979 – Margaret Thatcher becomes the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1980 – President Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia dies in Ljubljana at the age of 87.
  • 1981 – Donald Eugene Webb is placed on the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted List.
  • 1982 – 20 sailors are killed when the British Type 42 destroyer HMS Sheffield (D80) is hit by an Argentinian Exocet missile during the Falklands War.
  • 1988 – The PEPCON disaster rocked Henderson, Nevada, as tons of space shuttle fuel detonated during a fire.
  • 1989 – Iran-Contra Affair: Former White House aide Oliver North is convicted of three crimes and was acquitted of nine other charges. The convictions, however, are later overturned on appeal.
  • 1990 – Latvia proclaims renewal of its independence after the Soviet occupation.
  • 1994 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign a peace accord regarding Palestinian autonomy granting self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
  • 1996 – José María Aznar is appointed Prime Minister of Spain, thus ending 13 years of Socialist rule.
  • 1998 – A federal judge in Sacramento, California, gives “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski four life sentences plus 30 years after Kaczynski accepted a plea agreement sparing him from the death penalty.
  • 2000 – Ken Livingstone becomes the first Mayor of London.
  • 2001 – Pope John Paul II follows Saint Paul’s footsteps across the Mediterranean, from Greece to Syria to Malta.
  • 2001 – The Milwaukee Art Museum addition, the first Santiago Calatrava designed structure in the United States, opens to the public.
  • 2002 – An EAS Airlines BAC 1-11-500 crashes in a suburb of Kano, Nigeria shortly after takeoff killing more than 148 people.
  • 2003 – The Outbreak of 2003 begins. Ninety-four tornadoes begin the weeklong outbreak.
  • 2007 – A series of tornadoes rip through Western Kansas, including the first EF-5 tornado that destroyed the town of Greensburg.

May 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1008 – Khajeh Abdollah Ansari The Persian Sufi (d. 1088)
  • 1008 – King Henry I of France (d. 1060)
  • 1654 – Kangxi Emperor of China (d. 1722)
  • 1655 – Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian maker of musical instruments (d. 1731)
  • 1715 – Richard Graves, English writer (d. 1804)
  • 1733 – Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (d. 1799)
  • 1752 – John Brooks, 11 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
  • 1767 – Tyagaraja, Composer of Indian classical Carnatic music (d. 1847)
  • 1772 – Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German publisher (d. 1823)
  • 1781 – Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (d. 1832)
  • 1796 – Horace Mann, American educator (d. 1859)
  • 1796 – William H. Prescott, American historian (d. 1859)
  • 1820 – Julia Tyler, First Lady of the United States (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Charles Boucher de Boucherville, Quebec politician (d. 1915)
  • 1825 – Thomas Henry Huxley, English scientist (d. 1895)
  • 1825 – Augustus Le Plongeon, French antiquitarian (d. 1908)
  • 1826 – Frederic Edwin Church, American painter (d. 1900)
  • 1827 – John Hanning Speke, British explorer (d. 1864)
  • 1852 – Alice Pleasance Liddell, English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland (d. 1934)
  • 1864 – Marie Booth, the third daughter of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (d. 1960)
  • 1873 – Joe De Grasse, Canadian film director (d. 1940)
  • 1889 – Francis Cardinal Spellman, American religious leader (d. 1967)
  • 1903 – Luther Adler, American stage actor (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Umm Kulthum, Egyptian singer (official Date of Birth)(d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist (d. 1968)
  • 1913 – Lady Katherine Brandram, née Princess of Greece and Denmark
  • 1916 – Jane Jacobs, Canadian author and activist (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Tanaka Kakuei, Japanese political leader (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Thomas Mead, Australian politician and journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Dory Funk, Professional wrestler (d. 1973)
  • 1921 – Edo Murtic, Croatian painter (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Ed Cassidy, American musician (Spirit)
  • 1923 – Eric Sykes, British actor and comedian
  • 1923 – Godfrey Quigley, British actor (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer and author
  • 1925 – Maurice R. Greenberg, American businessman
  • 1928 – Maynard Ferguson, Canadian musician (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt
  • 1928 – Wolfgang von Trips, German racing driver (d. 1961)
  • 1929 – Audrey Hepburn, Anglo-Dutch actress (d. 1993)
  • 1929 – Sidney Lamb, American linguist
  • 1930 – Roberta Peters, American soprano
  • 1931 – Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Russian conductor
  • 1931 – Thomas Stuttaford, British doctor and writer
  • 1933 – J. Fred Duckett, Texan sports announcer and teacher
  • 1936 – El Cordobés, Spanish matador
  • 1937 – Ron Carter, American jazz bassist
  • 1937 – Dick Dale, American guitarist
  • 1937 – Mr. Fuji, Former professional wrestler
  • 1938 – Tyrone Davis, American soul singer (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Carlos Monsiváis, Mexican writer
  • 1939 – Paul Gleason, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1939 – Amos Oz, Israeli writer, novelist, and journalist
  • 1940 – Robin Cook, American novelist
  • 1941 – George Will, American writer
  • 1942 – Nickolas Ashford, American record producer, songwriter, and musician (Ashford and Simpson)
  • 1943 – Mikhail Chemiakin, Russian painter
  • 1944 – Roger Rees, British-born actor
  • 1945 – Narasimhan Ram, Indian journalist
  • 1946 – John Watson, Northern Irish racecar driver
  • 1948 – Hurley Haywood, American race car driver, and three-time winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
  • 1949 – John Force, American race car driver
  • 1949 – Stella Parton, American country music singer
  • 1949 – Graham Swift, British author
  • 1950 – Darryl Hunt, English musician (The Pogues)
  • 1951 – Colin Bass, British bassist (Camel)
  • 1951 – Jackie Jackson, American singer and musician (The Jackson 5)
  • 1951 – Gérard Jugnot, French actor, film director, screenwriter and producer
  • 1951 – Mick Mars, American guitarist (Mötley Crüe)
  • 1952 – Michael Barrymore, English comedian, actor, quiz master and entertainer
  • 1954 – Pia Zadora, American actress
  • 1955 – Robert Ellis Orrall, American singer
  • 1956 – David Guterson, American author
  • 1956 – Ulrike Meyfarth, German athlete
  • 1956 – Ken Oberkfell, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Delbert Fowler, American and Canadian professional football player
  • 1958 – Keith Haring, American graphical artist (d. 1990)
  • 1959 – Scott Armstrong, American professional wrestling referee
  • 1959 – Randy Travis, American musician
  • 1961 – Luis Herrera, Colombian cyclist
  • 1962 – Oleta Adams, American singer
  • 1964 – Mónica Bardem, Spanish actress
  • 1964 – Zsuzsa Mathe, Hungarian painter and visual artist, founder of transrealism
  • 1964 – Rocco Siffredi, Italian porn actor
  • 1967 – Ana Gasteyer, American actress
  • 1968 – Julian Barratt, English comedian and musician, one half of The Mighty Boosh
  • 1968 – Kate Garraway, English GMTV Presenter
  • 1969 – Micah Aivazoff, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Ryan Shamrock, American wrestling valet
  • 1970 – Gregg Alexander, American musician (New Radicals)
  • 1971 – Joe Borowski, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Luiz Garcia, Jr., Brazilian racing driver
  • 1972 – Manny Aybar, Dominican baseball player
  • 1972 – Mike Dirnt, American musician (Green Day)
  • 1973 – Guillermo Barros Schelotto, Argentine footballer
  • 1973 – John Madden, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Miguel Cairo, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1975 – Laci Peterson, American murder victim (d. 2002)
  • 1976 – Ben Grieve, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Jason Michaels, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Emily Perkins, Canadian actress
  • 1977 – Mariano Pernía, Argentine-Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Lance Bass, American singer (*NSYNC)
  • 1979 – Wes Butters, British broadcaster
  • 1979 – Lesley Vainikolo, Tongan born rugby union and rugby league player
  • 1980 – Andrew Raycroft, NHL Goalie
  • 1981 – Eric Djemba-Djemba, Cameroon footballer
  • 1982 – Kleopas Giannou, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Hector King, Mexican singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Markus Rogan, Austrian swimmer
  • 1982 – Rasheeda,American hiphop singer
  • 1983 – Trisha Krishnan, Indian actress
  • 1983 – Derek Roy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi test cricket player (d. 2007)
  • 1984 – Kevin Slowey, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Montell Owens, American football player
  • 1985 – Anthony Fedorov, American singer
  • 1985 – Ravinder Bopara, English cricketer
  • 1987 – Cesc Fàbregas, Spanish footballer
  • 1987 – Jorge Lorenzo, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1987 – Anjeza Shahini, Albanian singer
  • 1994 – Pauline Ducruet, daughter of HSH Princess Stéphanie of Monaco
  • 1994 – Alexander Gould, American actor

May 4 – Deaths:

  • 1436 – Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman (b. 1390s)
  • 1471 – Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales (killed in battle) (b. 1453)
  • 1471 – Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset, English military
  • commander (executed)
  • 1506 – Husayn Bayqarah, ruler of Herat (b. 1438)
  • 1519 – Lorenzo II de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino (b. 1492)
  • 1566 – Luca Ghini, Italian physician and botanist (b. 1490)
  • 1615 – Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (b. 1561)
  • 1626 – Arthur Lake, Bishop of Bath and Wells, English bishop and Bible translator (b. 1569)
  • 1677 – Isaac Barrow, English mathematician (b. 1630)
  • 1684 – John Nevison, English highwayman (b. 1639)
  • 1729 – Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (b. 1651)
  • 1734 – James Thornhill, English painter
  • 1737 – Eustace Budgell, English writer (b. 1686)
  • 1774 – Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1714)
  • 1776 – Jacques Saly, French sculptor (b. 1717)
  • 1790 – Matthew Tilghman, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1718)
  • 1799 – Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader (b. 1750)
  • 1811 – Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)
  • 1824 – Joseph Joubert, French essayist and moralist (b. 1754)
  • 1849 – Hokusai, Japanese artist (b. 1760)
  • 1858 – Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist (b. 1773)
  • 1859 – Joseph Diaz Gergonne, French mathematician (b. 1771)
  • 1880 – Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • 1901 – John Jones Ross, Canadian politician (b. 1831)
  • 1903 – Goce Delchev, a revolutionary from the Balkans – leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (b. 1872)
  • 1916 – Joseph Mary Plunkett, Irish revolutionary (b. 1887)
  • 1919 – Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (b. 1880)
  • 1922 – Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (b. 1888)
  • 1937 – Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1938 – Carl von Ossietzky, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1889)
  • 1945 – Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (b. 1880)
  • 1955 – George Enescu, Romanian composer (b. 1881)
  • 1961 – Anita Stewart, American film actress (b. 1895)
  • 1969 – Osbert Sitwell, English writer (b. 1892)
  • 1970 – Kent State victims:

o   Allison Krause (b. 1951)

o   Jeffrey Miller (b. 1950)

o   Sandra Scheuer (b. 1949)

o   William Schroeder (b. 1950)

  • 1971 – Seamus Elliott, Irish cyclist (b. 1934)
  • 1972 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Jane Bowles, American writer and playwright (b. 1917)
  • 1975 – Moe Howard, American actor and comedian (b. 1897)
  • 1980 – Josip Broz Tito, President of Yugoslavia (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Bob Clampett, American cartoonist (b. 1913)
  • 1984 – Diana Dors, British actress (b. 1931)
  • 1985 – Clarence Wiseman, the 10th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Paul Butterfield, American blues harmonica player (b. 1942)
  • 1992 – Gregor Mackenzie, Labour Party (UK) politician (b. 1927)
  • 2001 – Bonnie Lee Bakley, American murder victim (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – David Hackworth, U.S. Army officer and military journalist (b. 1930)

May 4 – Holidays:

  • International Firefighters’ Day.
  • The Netherlands – Remembrance of the Dead.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:

o   Saint Judas Cyriacus

o   Saint Florian

o   Saint Godehard

o   Saint Ethelred

o   Saint Sacerdos of Limoges

o   Saint Venerius

o   Saint John Houghton, Saint Robert Lawrence, Saint Augustine Webster, Saint Richard Reynolds; all put to death in 1535.

o   Saint Monica of Hippo (d. 387)

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On This Day in History May 3

May 3 – Events:

  • 1491 – Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptized by Portuguese missionaries, adopting the baptismal name of João I.
  • 1494 – Christopher Columbus first sights land that will be called Jamaica.
  • 1715 – “Edmund Halley’s” total solar eclipse.
  • 1791 – The May Constitution of Poland (first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Polish Sejm.
  • 1802 – Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city.
  • 1808 – Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia.
  • 1808 – Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are fired upon near Príncipe Pío hill.
  • 1815 – Neapolitan War: Joachim Murat, King of Naples is defeated by the Austrians at the Battle of Tolentino, the decisive engagement of the war.
  • 1837 – The University of Athens is founded. It is the oldest university in the eastern Mediterranean.
  • 1849 – The May Uprising in Dresden begins – the last of the German revolutions of 1848.
  • 1860 – Charles XV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
  • 1867 – The Hudson’s Bay Company gives up all claims to Vancouver Island.
  • 1901 – Great Fire of 1901 begins in Jacksonville, FL.
  • 1916 – Easter Rising leaders are executed in Dublin.
  • 1921 – West Virginia imposes the first state sales tax.
  • 1924 – Aleph Zadik Aleph is formed in Omaha, Nebraska by Sam Beber
  • 1928 – Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China.
  • 1933 – Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first woman to head the United States Mint.
  • 1937 – Gone with the Wind, a novel by Margaret Mitchell, wins the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
  • 1939 – The All India Forward Bloc is formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
  • 1942 – Japanese naval troops invade Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands during the first part of Operation Mo that resulted in the Battle of the Coral Sea between Japanese forces and forces from the United States and Australia.
  • 1945 – World War II: Sinking of the prison ships Cap Arcona, Thielbek and Deutschland by the RAF in Lübeck Bay.
  • 1946 – World War II: The International Military Tribunal for the Far East begins in Tokyo against 28 Japanese military and government officials accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
  • 1947 – New post-war Japanese constitution goes into effect.
  • 1948 – U.S. Supreme Court rules that covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to blacks and other minorities are legally unenforceable.
  • 1951 – London’s Royal Festival Hall opens.
  • 1951 – The Festival of Britain opens.
  • 1951 – The United States Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations The Third of May by Francisco Goya (refering to the event of 1808) Committees begin their closed door hearings into the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur by U.S. President Harry S. Truman.
  • 1952 – U.S. Lieutenant Colonels Joseph O. Fletcher and William P. Benedict land a plane at the North Pole.
  • 1956 – The judo World Championships are first held.
  • 1957 – Walter O’Malley, the owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers, agrees to move the team from Brooklyn, New York, to Los Angeles, California.
  • 1959 – The first Grammy Awards are announced.
  • 1960 – The Off-Broadway musical comedy, The Fantasticks, opens in New York City’s Greenwich Village, eventually becoming the longest-running musical of all time.
  • 1960 – The Anne Frank House opened in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  • 1973 – The Sears Tower in Chicago is topped out as the world’s tallest building.
  • 1979 – Conservative Party leader Margaret Thatcher to become United Kingdom’s first female prime minister as the Labour government is ousted in parliamentary elections.
  • 1986 – Twenty-one people are killed and 41 injured after a bomb explodes in an airliner (Flight UL512) at Colombo airport in Sri Lanka.
  • 1987 – A crash by Bobby Allison at the Talladega Superspeedway, Alabama fencing at the start-finish line would lead NASCAR to develop restrictor plate racing the following season both at Daytona International Speedway and Talladega.
  • 1991 – The Declaration of Windhoek is signed.
  • 1999 – Oklahoma City is slammed by an F5 tornado killing 42 people, injuring 665, and causing $1 billion in damage. The tornado was one of 66 from the Oklahoma Tornado Outbreak.
  • 1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 11,000 for the first time in its history at 11,014.70.
  • 1999 – Stephen Hendry defeats Mark Williams 18-11 to win the World Snooker Championship for a record seventh time.
  • 2000 – The sport of Geocaching begins, with the first cache placed and the coordinates from a GPS posted on Usenet.
  • 2001 – The United States loses its seat on the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time since the commission was formed in 1947.
  • 2002 – A military MiG-21 aircraft crashes into the Bank of Rajasthan in India, killing eight.
  • 2003 – New Hampshire’s famous Old Man of the Mountain collapses.
  • 2006 – Armavia Flight 967 crashes into the Black Sea, killing 113 people on board, with no survivors.
  • 2006 – Zacarias Moussaoui is sentenced to life in prison in Alexandria, Virginia.
  • 2007 – English toddler Madeleine McCann disappears during her families holiday in Portugal.

May 3 – Birthdays:

  • 612 – Constantine III, Byzantine Emperor (d. 641)
  • 1415 – Cecily Neville, mother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (d. 1495)
  • 1428 – Pedro González de Mendoza, Spanish cardinal and statesman (d. 1495)
  • 1446 – Margaret of York, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1503)
  • 1469 – Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian historian and political author (d. 1527)
  • 1662 – Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (d. 1736)
  • 1695 – Henri Pitot, Italian-born French engineer (d. 1771)
  • 1713 – Alexis Clairault, French mathematician (d. 1765)
  • 1761 – August von Kotzebue, German dramatist (d. 1819)
  • 1764 – Elisabeth of France, sister of Louis XVI, guillotined 1794
  • 1768 – Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (d. 1838)
  • 1826 – Charles, Crown Prince of Sweden-Norway (d. 1872)
  • 1835 – Alfred Austin, English poet (d. 1913)
  • 1844 – Richard D’Oyly Carte, English theatrical impresario (d. 1901)
  • 1849 – Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1857 – George Gore, American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • 1859 – Andy Adams, American author (d. 1935)
  • 1860 – John Scott Haldane, Scottish physiologist (d. 1936)
  • 1860 – Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1861 – Emmett Dalton, American outlaw (d. 1937)
  • 1867 – J.T. Hearne, English cricketer (d. 1944)
  • 1870 – Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1948)
  • 1873 – Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian general (d. 1945)
  • 1874 – François Coty, French perfume manufacturer (d. 1934)
  • 1874 – V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (d. 1954)
  • 1877 – Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst (d. 1925)
  • 1879 – Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman (d. 1950)
  • 1886 – Marcel Dupré, French organist and composer (d. 1971)
  • 1888 – Beulah Bondi, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1891 – Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet (d. 1969)
  • 1892 – George Paget Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1893 – Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor (d. 1975)
  • 1895 – Cornelius Van Til, philosopher and Christian apologist (d. 1987)
  • 1896 – Dodie Smith, English novelist and playwright (d. 1990)
  • 1896 – Karl Allmenroder, German World War I Ace (d. 1917)
  • 1898 – Golda Meir, Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Gino Cervi, Italian actor (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – Alfred Kastler, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1905 – Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Sebastian Shaw, English actor (d. 1994)
  • 1906 – Anna E. Roosevelt, American radio personality (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Mary Astor, Academy Award-winning American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1910 – Norman Corwin, American radio pioneer
  • 1912 – Virgil Fox, American organist (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – William Inge, American playwright (d. 1973)
  • 1915 – Stu Hart, Canadian professional wrestler and trainer (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Léopold Simoneau, French Canadian tenor (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Ted Bates, English former footballer (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Betty Comden, American lyricist (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Pete Seeger, American singer
  • 1920 – John Lewis, American jazz pianist and composer (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Joe Ames, American singer
  • 1921 – Sugar Ray Robinson, American boxer (d. 1989)
  • 1922 – Len Shackleton, English former footballer (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Ralph Hall, American politician
  • 1923 – George Hadjinikos, Greek pianist and conductor
  • 1924 – Yehuda Amichai, Israeli poet (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Ken Tyrrell, English founder of eponymous F1 racing team (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Dave Dudley, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1932 – Robert Osborne, American film historian
  • 1933 – James Brown, American singer and dancer (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Steven Weinberg, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1933 – Alex Cord, American actor
  • 1934 – Georges Moustaki, Egyptian born Greek-French singer and songwriter
  • 1934 – Henry Cooper, English boxer
  • 1935 – Ron Popeil, American inventor
  • 1937 – Nélida Piñon, Brazilian writer
  • 1937 – Frankie Valli, American singer (The Four Seasons)
  • 1938 – Chris Cannizzaro, American baseball player
  • 1940 – Konrad “Conny” Plank, German record producer and musician
  • 1940 – Clemens Westerhof, Dutch football manager
  • 1941 – Edward “Monk” Malloy, American university president
  • 1942 – Vera Cáslavská, Czech gymnast
  • 1945 – Davey Lopes, American baseball player and coach
  • 1946 – Norm Chow, American football coach
  • 1946 – Silvino Francisco, South African snooker player
  • 1947 – Doug Henning, Canadian magician (d. 2000)
  • 1950 – Howard Ashman, American lyricist (d. 1991)
  • 1951 – Christopher Cross, American musician
  • 1951 – Tatyana Tolstaya, Russian writer
  • 1952 – Allan Wells, British athlete
  • 1954 – Gary Young, American drummer (Pavement)
  • 1955 – David Hookes, Australian cricketer (d. 2004)
  • 1956 – Marc Bellemare, French Canadian lawyer and politician
  • 1957 – Rod Langway, American ice hockey player
  • 1958 – Kevin Kilner, American actor
  • 1958 – Sandi Toksvig, Danish comedian, author, and UK radio presenter
  • 1959 – David Ball, English musician (Soft Cell)
  • 1959 – Uma Bharati, Indian politician
  • 1959 – Ben Elton, British comedian and author
  • 1960 – Amy Steel, American actress
  • 1961 – Steve McClaren, English footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Joe Murray, American cartoonist
  • 1962 – Anders Graneheim, Swedish bodybuilder
  • 1963 – Jeff Hornacek, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Jamie Reeves, British strongman
  • 1963 – Sally Whittaker, English actress
  • 1964 – Ron Hextall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Rob Brydon, Welsh comedian
  • 1966 – Peter Abbay, American actor
  • 1966 – Darren Morgan, Welsh snooker player
  • 1968 – Shane Minor, American singer
  • 1971 – Josey Scott, American singer (Saliva)
  • 1972 – Shonie Carter, American MMA fighter
  • 1974 – Dulé Hill, American actor
  • 1974 – Princess Haya bint Hussein of Jordan
  • 1975 – Maksim Mrvica, Croatian pianist
  • 1975 – Eva Santolaria, Spanish actress
  • 1976 – Jeff Halpern, American ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Mashima Hiro, Japanese Mangaka of Rave Master and Fairy Tail
  • 1978 – Paul Banks, American vocalist (Interpol)
  • 1979 – Steve Mack, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Zuzana Ondrášková, Czech tennis player
  • 1980 – Marcel Vigneron, American chef (Top Chef)
  • 1981 – Farrah Franklin, American singer (former member of Destiny’s Child)
  • 1982 – Igor Olshansky, Ukrainian-born American football player
  • 1983 – Joseph Addai, American football player
  • 1983 – Romeo Castelen, Dutch footballer
  • 1983 – Márton Fülöp, Hungarian footballer
  • 1984 – Nam Sang-mi, South Korean actress and model
  • 1985 – Jemal Johnson, American soccer player

May 3 – Deaths:

  • 1152 – Matilda of Boulogne, Queen of England (b. 1105)
  • 1160 – Peter Lombard, Italian scholar and bishop (b. c.1100)
  • 1270 – King Béla IV of Hungary (b. 1206)
  • 1294 – John I, Duke of Brabant (b. 1252/1253)
  • 1481 – Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1432)
  • 1598 – Anna Guarini, Italian singer (b. 1563)
  • 1606 – Henry Garnet, English Jesuit (executed) (b. 1555)
  • 1622 – Pedro Páez, Spanish Jesuit missionary (b. 1564)
  • 1679 – James Sharp, English archbishop (assassinated) (b. 1613)
  • 1693 – Claude de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French courtier (b. 1607)
  • 1704 – Heinrich Ignaz Biber, Bohemian composer (b. 1644)
  • 1724 – John Leverett the Younger, American President of Harvard (b. 1662)
  • 1750 – John Willison, Scottish minister and writer (b. 1680)
  • 1752 – Samuel Ogle, British provincial Governor of Maryland (b. c. 1692)
  • 1758 – Pope Benedict XIV (b. 1675)
  • 1763 – George Psalmanazar, British impostor (b. 1679)
  • 1764 – Francesco Algarotti, Italian philosopher (b. 1712)
  • 1779 – John Winthrop, American astronomer (b. 1714)
  • 1793 – Martin Gerbert, German theologian and historian (b. 1720)
  • 1839 – Ferdinando Paer, Italian composer (b. 1771)
  • 1856 – Adolphe Charles Adam, French composer (b. 1803)
  • 1918 – Charlie Soong, Christian Missionary
  • 1921 – Théodore Pilette, Belgian racing driver (b. 1883)
  • 1942 – Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Frank Foster, English cricketer (b. 1889)
  • 1969 – Zakir Hussain, 3rd President of India, (b. 1897)
  • 1972 – Bruce Cabot, American film director (b. 1904)
  • 1987 – Dalida, French singer (b. 1933)
  • 1988 – Lev Semenovich Pontryagin, Russian mathematician (b. 1908)
  • 1988 – Milton Caniff, American cartoonist (Terry and the Pirates, Steve Canyon) (b. 1907)
  • 1989 – Christine Jorgensen, American transexual (b. 1926)
  • 1989 – Edward Ochab, Polish Communist politician (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – Jerzy Kosinski, Polish-born writer (b. 1933)
  • 1992 – George Murphy, American dancer, actor and politician (b. 1902)
  • 1996 – Alex Kellner, American baseball player (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Jack Weston, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1997 – Narciso Yepes, Spanish classical guitarist (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Steve Chiasson, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1967)
  • 2000 – John Joseph Cardinal O’Connor, Catholic Archbishop of New York (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Billy Higgins, American drummer (b. 1936)
  • 2002 – Barbara Castle, British politician (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Suzy Parker, American actress (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Anthony Ainley, British actor (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Ken Downing, British racing driver (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Darrell Johnson, American baseball  player (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Karel Appel, Dutch painter (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Pramod Mahajan, Indian politician (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Earl Woods, Athlete and father of Tiger Woods (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Wally Schirra, American astronaut (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Knock Yokoyama, Japanese comedian and politician (b. 1932)

May 3 – Holidays:

  • World Press Freedom Day.
  • Constitution Day in Poland and Japan.
  • Roman Catholicism:

o   Feast of the Finding of the Holy Cross, aka the Invention of the True Cross.

o   Saint Apostle Philip

o   Saint Apostle James the Lesser

o   Saint Alexander I

o   Saint Juvenal of Narni (d. 369)

o   Saint Ansfrid (c. 1008)

o   Antonia and Alexander (martyrs of 313)

o   Black Madonna of Czestochowa Queen and Protector of Poland (since April 1, 1656)

  • Eastern Orthodox:
  • St Theodosius of Kiev
  • Syriac Orthodox Church
  • Abhai
  • Coptic Church
  • Saint Sarah

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On This Day in History May 2

May 2 – Events:

  • 1194 – King Richard I of England gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter.
  • 1230 – William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny was hanged by Prince Llywelyn the Great.
  • 1335 – Otto the Merry, Duke of Austria, becomes Duke of Carinthia.
  • 1568 – Mary I of Scotland escapes from Loch Leven Castle, where she had been imprisoned by Sir William Douglas.
  • 1670 – King Charles II of England grants a permanent charter to the Hudson’s Bay Company to open up the fur trade in North America.
  • 1672 – John Maitland becomes Duke of Lauderdale and Earl of March.
  • 1808 – Beginning of the Peninsular War: The people of Madrid rise up in rebellion against French occupation.
  • 1816 – Léopold of Saxe-Coburg and Charlotte Augusta are wed.
  • 1829 – After anchoring nearby, Captain Charles Fremantle of HMS Challenger, declares the Swan River Colony in Australia.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Stonewall Jackson is wounded by friendly fire while returning to camp after reconnoitering for the Battle of Chancellorsville.  He succumbs to pneumonia 8 days later.
  • 1866 – Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao.
  • 1876 – The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria.
  • 1885 – Good Housekeeping magazine goes on sale for the first time.
  • 1885 – Cree and Assiniboine warriors won the Battle of Cut Knife, their largest victory over Canadian forces during the North-West Rebellion.
  • 1885 – The Congo Free State is established by King Léopold II of Belgium.
  • 1889 – Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia, signs a treaty of amity with Italy, which gives Italy control over Eritrea.
  • 1900 – Oscar II, King of Sweden, declares support for Britain at the time of the Second Boer War.
  • 1918 – General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
  • 1920 – The first game of the Negro National League baseball is played in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • 1932 – Comedian Jack Benny’s radio show airs for the first time.
  • 1933 – Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler bans trade unions.
  • 1945 – World War II: Fall of Berlin – The Soviet Union announces the capture of Berlin and Soviet soldiers hoist their red flag over the Reichstag building. German forces surrender in Italy. German forces surrender to the New Zealand Army in Trieste.
  • 1946 – “Battle of Alcatraz” – Alcatraz Federal prison, San Francisco is taken over by six inmates following failed escape attempt.
  • 1952 – The world’s first ever jet airliner, the De Havilland Comet 1 makes its maiden voyage, flying from London to Johannesburg.
  • 1955 – Tennessee Williams wins the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for Cat on a Hot Tin Roof.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: An explosion sinks the USS Card while docked at Saigon.
  • 1964 – First ascent of Shishapangma the fourteenth highest mountain in the world and the lowest of the Eight-thousanders.
  • 1969 – The British ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2 departs on her maiden voyage to New York City.
  • 1982 – Falklands War: The British nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror sinks the Argentine cruiser ARA General Belgrano.
  • 1986 – The 1986 World Exposition in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, opens.
  • 1995 – During the Croatian War of Independence, Serb forces fire cluster bombs at Zagreb, killing 7 and wounding over 175 civilians.
  • 1998 – The European Central Bank is founded in Brussels in order to define and execute the EU’s monetary policy.
  • 1999 – Mireya Moscoso became the first woman to be elected President of Panama.
  • 2000 – Bill Clinton announces accurate GPS access would no longer be restricted to the U.S. military.
  • 2000 – Her Royal Highness Princess Margriet of the Netherlands unveiled the Man With Two Hats monument in Ottawa on May 11, 2002, and the other in Apeldoorn on May 2, 2000. Symbolically linking both Netherlands and Canada for their assistance throughout the Second World War.
  • 2005 – The Pontiac Grand Am ceases production at the 100 year-old Lansing Car Assembly plant.

May 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1360 – Yongle, Emperor of China (d. 1424)
  • 1451 – René II, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1508)
  • 1458 – Leonor of Viseu, queen of Portugal (d. 1525)
  • 1551 – William Camden, English historian (d. 1623)
  • 1601 – Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit scholar (d. 1680)
  • 1660 – Alessandro Scarlatti, Italian composer (d. 1725)
  • 1695 – Giovanni Niccolo Servandoni, Italian-born architect (d. 1766)
  • 1702 – Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German theologian (d. 1782)
  • 1729 – Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia (d.1796)
  • 1737 – William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1805)
  • 1740 – Elias Boudinot, President of the American Continental Congress (d. 1821)
  • 1750 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War (d. 1780)
  • 1772 – Novalis, German writer (d. 1801)
  • 1773 – Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-born philosopher (d. 1845)
  • 1802 – Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (d. 1870)
  • 1810 – Hans Christian Lumbye, Danish composer (d. 1874)
  • 1828 – Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (d. 1915)
  • 1843 – Elijah McCoy, Canadian-born Inventor (d. 1929)
  • 1859 – Jerome Klapka Jerome, English writer (d. 1927)
  • 1860 – Theodor Herzl, Austrian journalist/Zionist (d. 1904)
  • 1865 – Clyde Fitch, American playwright (d. 1909)
  • 1873 – Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (d. 1944)
  • 1879 – James F. Byrnes, American politician, statesman, and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1972)
  • 1881 – Alexander Kerensky, Russian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1885 – Hedda Hopper, American gossip columnist (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Gottfried Benn, German author (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Vernon Castle, English dancer (d. 1918)
  • 1887 – Eddie Collins, American baseball player (d. 1951)
  • 1890 – E. E. Smith, American writer (d. 1965)
  • 1892 – Manfred von Richthofen, German World War I pilot – the Red Baron (d. 1918)
  • 1895 – Lorenz Hart, American lyricist (d. 1943)
  • 1896 – Helen of Greece and Denmark, queen of Romania (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – J. Fred Coots, American songwriter (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Bing Crosby, American popular singer (d. 1977)
  • 1903 – Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician and author (d. 1998)
  • 1906 – Philippe Halsman, American photographer (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Aileen Riggin, American swimmer (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – Pinky Lee, American vaudeville performer (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Alexander Bonnyman, U.S. Marine (d. 1943)
  • 1912 – Axel Cäsar Springer, German publisher (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Nigel Patrick, English actor (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Doris Fisher, American songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Peggy Mount, English actress (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Jean-Marie Auberson, Swiss conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Otto Buchsbaum, Austrian writer and ecological activist (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Satyajit Ray, Indian director (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – A.M. Rosenthal, Canadian-born newspaper editor (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Serge Reggiani, Italian-born French singer and actor (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Theodore Bikel, Austrian-born actor and singer
  • 1925 – Roscoe Lee Browne, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Gérard D. Lévesque, Quebec politician (d. 1993)
  • 1929 – Link Wray, American guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Marco Pannella, Italian politician and nonviolent leader
  • 1935 – King Faisal II of Iraq (d. 1958)
  • 1935 – Lance LeGault, American actor
  • 1935 – Luis Suárez Miramontes, former Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1936 – Engelbert Humperdinck, Indian-born singer
  • 1936 – Michael Rabin, American violinist (d. 1972)
  • 1937 – Lorenzo Music, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1938 – Chief Moshoeshoe II of Lesotho (d. 1996)
  • 1939 – Sumio Iijima, Japanese physicist
  • 1941 – Clay Carroll, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Jacques Rogge, Belgian International Olympic Committee president
  • 1945 – Sarah Weddington, American attorney
  • 1945 – Bianca Jagger, Nicaraguan socialite, ex-wife of Mick Jagger
  • 1945 – Gene Deckerhoff, American sports announcer
  • 1945 – Judge Dread, English musician (d. 1998)
  • 1946 – Lesley Gore, American singer
  • 1946 – David Suchet, English actor
  • 1948 – Larry Gatlin, American musician
  • 1949 – Alan Titchmarsh, English television presenter
  • 1950 – Duncan Gay, Australian politician
  • 1950 – Lou Gramm, American rock vocalist and songwriter (Foreigner)
  • 1952 – Christine Baranski, American actress
  • 1952 – Mari Natsuki, Japanese singer, dancer and actress
  • 1953 – Valery Gergiev, Russian-born conductor
  • 1954 – Roberta Pedon, American glamour model (d. 1982)
  • 1955 – Donatella Versace, Italian fashion designer
  • 1956 – David Rhodes, English guitarist
  • 1958 – David O’Leary, Irish football manager and player, notable for managerial stint at Leeds United A.F.C.
  • 1959 – Tony Wakeford, English musician (Sol Invictus)
  • 1961 – Steve James, English snooker player
  • 1961 – Phil Vickery, English celebrity chef
  • 1962 – Stephen Daldry, English film director
  • 1962 – Ray Traylor, American professional wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1962 – Jimmy White, English snooker player
  • 1965 – Félix José, Dominican baseball player
  • 1966 – Belinda Stronach, Canadian politician
  • 1967 – Mika Brzezinski, American journalist
  • 1968 – Midorikawa Hikaru, Japanese voice actor
  • 1968 – Jeff Agoos, American soccer player
  • 1968 – Ziana Zain, Malaysian singer and actress
  • 1969 – Brian Lara, Trinidadian West Indies cricketer
  • 1972 – The Rock, American professional wrestler and actor
  • 1972 – Paul Adcock, English footballer
  • 1973 – Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck, German film director and screenwriter
  • 1974 – Horacio Carbonari, Argentine former footballer
  • 1974 – Garðar Thór Cortes, Icelandic tenor
  • 1974 – Andy Johnson, Welsh footballer
  • 1975 – David Beckham, English footballer
  • 1977 – Luke Hudson, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Fredrik Malm, Swedish politician
  • 1978 – Steve Bays, Canadian musician
  • 1979 – Jason Chimera, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Roman Lyashenko, Russian ice hockey player (d. 2003)
  • 1980 – Tim Borowski, German footballer
  • 1980 – Pierre-Luc Gagnon, Canadian skateboarder
  • 1980 – Miloš Glogovac, Serbian footballer
  • 1980 – Zat Knight, English footballer
  • 1980 – Troy Murphy, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Brad Richards, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Matt Murray, English footballer
  • 1981 – Chris Kirkland, English footballer
  • 1982 – Lorie, French singer
  • 1983 – Christa Rigozzi, Swiss model
  • 1984 – Saulius Mikoliunas, Lithuanian footballer
  • 1984 – Thabo Sefolosha, Swiss basketball player
  • 1985 – Lily Allen, English singer and songwriter
  • 1985 – Kyle Busch, American race car driver
  • 1985 – Sarah Hughes, American figure skater
  • 1985 – David Nugent, English footballer
  • 1985 – Jarrod Saltalamacchia, American baseball player
  • 1986 – James Kirk, Canadian actor
  • 1987 – Nana Kitade, Japanese singer
  • 1990 – Kay Panabaker, American actress
  • 1995 – Kelsey Lewis, American actress

May 2 – Deaths:

  • 373 – Athanasius, Patriarch of Alexandria (b. 298)
  • 756 – Emperor Shomu, Emperor of Japan (b. 701)
  • 907 – Boris I of Bulgaria
  • 1230 – William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny (b. 1197)
  • 1300 – Blanche of Artois, regent of Navarre (b. 1248)
  • 1450 – William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English military leader (b. 1396)
  • 1519 – Leonardo da Vinci, Italian inventor and painter (b. 1452)
  • 1564 – Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (b. 1500)
  • 1627 – Lodovico Grossi da Viadana, Italian composer (b. 1560)
  • 1667 – George Wither, English writer (b. 1588)
  • 1683 – Stjepan Gradic, Croatian philosopher and scientist (b. 1613)
  • 1711 – Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester, English statesman (b. 1641)
  • 1802 – Herman Willem Daendels, Dutch statesman (b. 1762)
  • 1810 – Rev. Dr. Henry Jerome de Salis, divine (b.1740)
  • 1819 – Mary Moser, English painter (b. 1744)
  •  1857 – Alfred de Musset, French writer (b. 1810)
  • 1864 – Giacomo Meyerbeer, German composer (b. 1791)
  • 1927 – Ernest Starling, British physiologist (b. 1866)
  • 1945 – Martin Bormann, Nazi official (b. 1900)
  • 1945 – Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor (b. 1910)
  • 1945 – Joe Corbett, baseball player (b. 1875)
  • 1947 – Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (b. 1920)
  • 1957 – Joseph McCarthy, U.S. Senator (b. 1908)
  • 1960 – Caryl Chessman, American robber and rapist (b. 1921)
  • 1964 – Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, American-born politician (b. 1879)
  • 1969 – Franz von Papen, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1879)
  • 1972 – J. Edgar Hoover, American director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (b. 1895)
  • 1979 – Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – George Pál, Hungarian-born film director (b. 1908)
  • 1980 – Clarrie Grimmett, Australian cricketer (b. 1891)
  • 1983 – Norm Van Brocklin, American football star (b. 1926)
  • 1984 – Jack Barry, television game show producer and host (b. 1918)
  • 1985 – Attilio Bettega, Italian rally driver (b.1951)
  • 1985 – Larry Clinton, American trumpeter and bandleader (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Henri Toivonen, Finnish rally driver (b.1956)
  • 1989 – Giuseppe Siri, Italian Catholic Cardinal (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – Veniamin Kaverin, Russian writer (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – David Rappaport, English actor (b. 1951)
  • 1992 – Wilbur Mills, American politician (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Michael Hordern, English actor (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – John Carew Eccles, Australian neurophysiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1997 – Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Hideto “hide” Matsumoto, Japanese musician (b. 1964)
  • 1998 – Kevin Lloyd, British actor (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – Justin Fashanu, English footballer (b. 1961)
  • 1999 – Oliver Reed, English actor (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Ted Rogers, British comedian (b. 1935)
  • 2001 – Gina Mastrogiacomo, American actress (b. 1961)
  • 2002 – John Nathan-Turner, English television producer (b. 1947)
  • 2002 – W. T. Tutte, English-born codebreaker (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Kenneth B. Clark, American psychologist (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Wee Kim Wee, 4th President of Singapore (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Louis Rukeyser, American columnist (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Brad McGann, New Zealand film director and screenwriter (b. 1964)

May 2 – Holidays:

  • Poland – Flag Day, an official holiday to honor the Flag of Poland.
  • Madrid Region – Day of the Region.
  • Slovenia and Serbia – second day of Labour Day
  • Iran – Teacher’s Day
  • Indonesia – Indonesia National Education Day
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:

o   Athanasius of Alexandria

o   Saint Germanus

o   Saint Waldebert, Walbert or Gaubert

  • In the Bulgarian Orthodox Church:

o   Saint Tsar Boris

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On This Day in History May 1

May 1 – Events:

  • 305 – Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor.
  • 1328 – Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton – England recognizes Scotland as an independent nation.
  • 1576 – Stefan Batory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become the co-rulers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1707 – The Act of Union joins the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland to form the   Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1751 – The first cricket match is played in America.
  • 1753 – Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.
  • 1776 – Establishment of the Illuminati in Ingolstadt (Upper Bavaria), by Jesuit-taught Adam Weishaupt.
  • 1778 – American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
  • 1785 – Kamehameha the king of Hawaii defeat Kalanikupule and established the Kingdom of Hawaii.
  • 1786 – Opening night of the opera The Marriage of Figaro by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Vienna, Austria.
  • 1834 – The British colonies abolish slavery.
  • 1840 – The Penny Black, the first official adhesive postage stamp, was issued in the United Kingdom.
  • 1846 – The few remaining Mormons left in Nauvoo, Illinois, formally dedicated the Nauvoo Temple.
  • 1848 – The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta was founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1851 – The Great Exhibition opens in London by Queen Victoria.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville begins.
  • 1869 – The Folies Bergère opens in Paris.
  • 1884 – Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
  • 1886 – The start of the general strike which eventually wins the eight-hour workday in the United  States. These events are today commemorated as May Day or Labour Day in most industrialized countries.
  • 1893 – The World’s Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago.
  • 1894 – Coxey’s Army, the first significant American protest march, arrives in Washington, D.C..
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: The Battle of Manila Bay – The United States Navy destroys the  Spanish Pacific fleet in the first battle of the war.
  • 1900 – The Scofield mine disaster kills 200 in Scofield, Utah in the now fifth-worst mining accident in United States history.
  • 1901 – The Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo, New York.
  • 1915 – RMS Lusitania departs New York City on her two hundred and second and final crossing  of the North Atlantic.  Six days later, the ship was torpedoed off the coast of Ireland with the loss of 1,198 lives, including 128 Americans, rousing American sentiment against Germany.
  • 1925 – The All-China Federation of Trade Unions is officially founded.
  • 1927 – The first cooked meals on a scheduled flight are introduced on an Imperial Airways flight from London to Paris.
  • 1927 – The Union Labor Life Insurance Company is founded by the American Federation of Labor.
  • 1930 – The dwarf planet Pluto is officially named.
  • 1931 – The Empire State Building is dedicated in New York City.
  • 1940 – The 1940 Summer Olympics are cancelled due to war.
  • 1941 – World War II: German forces launch Operation Mercury the largest airborne invasion to date in their bid to capture Crete.
  • 1941 – World War II: German forces launch a major attack on Tobruk.
  • 1945 – Soviet troops raise the Soviet Flag over the Reichstag, in Berlin.
  • 1945 – A German newsreader officially announces Adolf Hitler has “fallen at his command post in the Reich Chancellery fighting to the last breath against Bolshevism and for Germany.”
  • 1946 – Start of 3 year Pilbara strike of Indigenous Australians.
  • 1946 – The Paris Peace Conference decided that the islands of the Dodecanese are to be returned to Greece by the Italians.
  • 1948 – The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) is established, with Kim Il-sung as “president.”
  • 1950 – Guam is organized as a United States commonwealth.
  • 1956 – The polio vaccine developed by Jonas Salk is made available to the public.
  • 1956 – A doctor in Japan reports an “epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system,” marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.
  • 1960 – Formation of western Indian state, Maharashtra.
  • 1960 – Cold War: U-2 Crisis – Francis Gary Powers, in a Lockheed U-2 spyplane, is shot down over the Soviet Union, sparking off a diplomatic crisis.
  • 1961 – The Prime Minister of Cuba, Fidel Castro, proclaims Cuba a socialist nation and abolishes elections.
  • 1965 – Battle of Dong-Yin, a naval conflict between ROC and PRC.
  • 1970 – Protests erupt in Seattle, Washington, following the announcement by U.S. President Richard Nixon U.S. forces in Vietnam would pursue enemy troops into Cambodia, a neutral country.
  • 1971 – Amtrak (the National Railroad Passenger Corporation) is formed to take over U.S. passenger rail service.
  • 1977 – 36 people are killed in Istanbul, Taksim Square during the Labour Day celebrations.
  • 1978 – Japan’s Naomi Uemura, travelling by dog sled, becomes the first person to reach the North Pole alone.
  • 1978 – The first unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail (which would later become known as “spam”) is sent by a DEC marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the west coast of the United States.
  • 1982 – The 1982 World’s Fair opens in Knoxville, Tennessee.
  • 1982 – Baptism by fire of Argentine Air Force during Falklands War.
  • 1983 – Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis is awarded the Lenin Peace Prize.
  • 1987 – Pope John Paul II beatifies Edith Stein, a Jewish-born Carmelite nun who was gassed in the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz.
  • 1989 – Disney-MGM Studios opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 1991 – Rickey Henderson would steal his 939th base, making him the all-time leader in this category.
  • 1991 – Nolan Ryan, pitches his seventh career no-hitter (breaking his own record).
  • 1992 – On the third day of the 1992 Los Angeles riots, African American activist and criminal Rodney King appeared in public before television news cameras to appeal for calm and plead for peace, asking, “People, I just want to say, you know, can we all get along?”
  • 1994 – Last day of the standing Spion Kop Grandstand for Liverpool F.C., perhaps the most famous stand in English Football
  • 1995 – Croatian forces launch Operation Flash during the Croatian War of Independence
  • 1997 – Tasmania becomes the last state in Australia to decriminalize homosexuality.
  • 2004 – Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
  • 2006 – The Puerto Rican government closes the Department of Education and 42 other government agencies due to significant shortages in cash flows.
  • 2007 – The Los Angeles May Day mêlée occurred, in which the Los Angeles Police Department response to a May Day pro-immigration rally became a matter of controversy.

May 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1218 – John I, Count of Hainaut (d. 1257)
  • 1218 – Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1291)
  • 1285 – Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1326)
  • 1582 – Marco da Gagliano, Italian composer (d. 1643)
  • 1594 – John Haynes, Massachusetts colonial magistrate
  • 1672 – Joseph Addison, English politician and writer (d. 1719)
  • 1738 – King Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (d. 1819)
  • 1769 – Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, English statesman (d. 1852)
  • 1804 – Aleksey Khomyakov, Russian poet (d. 1860)
  • 1829 – José de Alencar, Brazilian novelist (d. 1877)
  • 1831 – Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (d. 1903)
  • 1851 – Laza Lazarevic, Serbian writer and psychiatrist (d. 1891)
  • 1852 – Calamity Jane, American Wild West performer (d. 1903)
  • 1852 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1934)
  • 1872 – Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)
  • 1881 – Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French palaeontologist and philosopher (d. 1955)
  • 1884 – Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, British politician, naval officer and racing driver (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – Alan Gordon Cunningham, British army officer (d. 1983)
  • 1896 – Mark Wayne Clark, American general (d. 1984)
  • 1896 – J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)
  • 1901 – Heinz Eric Roemheld, American film composer (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian (d. 1945)
  • 1905 – Henry Koster, German film director (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (d. 1982)
  • 1906 – Horst Schumann, Nazi physician (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Oliver Hill, civil rights attorney
  • 1908 – Giovanni Guareschi, Italian journalist (d. 1968)
  • 1909 – Kate Smith, American singer (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet, winner of the Lenin Peace Prize, 9 times candidate for the Nobel Prize (d. 1990)
  • 1912 – Otto Kretschmer, German U-Boat commander (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Louis Nye, American comedian and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Walter Susskind, Czech conductor (d. 1980)
  • 1915 – Archie Williams, American athlete (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Glenn Ford, Canadian actor (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – John Beradino, American actor and baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Danielle Darrieux, French singer and actress
  • 1918 – Jack Paar, American television host (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1919 – Lewis Hill, American pacifist and founder of Pacifica Radio (d. 1957)
  • 1919 – Dan O’Herlihy, Irish film actor (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Joseph Heller, American novelist (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Art Fleming, American game show host (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – Karel Kachyna, Czech film director (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Terry Southern, American screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1925 – Chuck Bednarik, American football player
  • 1925 – Scott Carpenter, American astronaut
  • 1926 – Peter Lax, Hungarian Mathematician
  • 1928 – Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racer (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Ralf Dahrendorf, German-born sociologist and politician
  • 1929 – Sonny James, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1930 – Richard Riordan, former mayor of Los Angeles
  • 1930 – Little Walter, American blues singer (d. 1995)
  • 1934 – Joan Hackett, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1934 – Shirley Horn, American jazz singer and pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Mexican politician
  • 1935 – Ann Robinson, American actress
  • 1937 – Una Stubbs, English actress
  • 1939 – Judy Collins, American folk singer
  • 1939 – Max Robinson, American broadcast journalist (d. 1988)
  • 1940 – Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer
  • 1944 – Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
  • 1945 – Rita Coolidge, American singer
  • 1946 – Joanna Lumley, English actress
  • 1946 – John Woo, Hong Kong director
  • 1949 – Tim Hodgkinson, English composer and musician (Henry Cow)
  • 1949 – Paul Teutul, Sr., founder of Orange County Choppers
  • 1950 – Dann Florek, American actor
  • 1950 – Danny McGrain, Scottish footballer
  • 1951 – Antony Worrall Thompson, English celebrity chef
  • 1954 – Ray Parker Jr., American singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Joel Rosenberg, science fiction author
  • 1957 – Catherine Frot, French actress
  • 1957 – Ko Otani, Japanese composer
  • 1960 – Steve Cauthen, American jockey
  • 1961 – Marilyn Milian, current judge on The People’s Court
  • 1962 – Maia Morgenstern, Romanian actress
  • 1962 – Ted Sundquist, General Manager of the Denver Broncos
  • 1964 – Yvonne van Gennip, Dutch speed skater
  • 1967 – Tim McGraw, American musician
  • 1968 – Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer
  • 1968 – Sol Kyung-gu, South Korean actor
  • 1968 – D’arcy Wretzky, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)
  • 1969 – Wes Anderson, American director and writer
  • 1971 – Ajith Kumar, Indian film actor
  • 1973 – Curtis Martin, American football player
  • 1973 – Oliver Neuville, German footballer
  • 1975 – Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2003)
  • 1975 – Jodhi May, British actress
  • 1975 – Alexei Smertin, Russian footballer
  • 1976 – Darius McCrary, American actor
  • 1977 – Vera Lischka, Austrian swimmer
  • 1977 – Dan Regan, American musician (Reel Big Fish)
  • 1979 – Mauro Bergamasco, Italian rugby player
  • 1979 – Ben Easter, actor
  • 1979 – MC Harvey (Michael Harvey), British musical artist
  • 1980 – Jan Heylen, Belgian racing driver
  • 1981 – Aliaksandr Hleb, Belarusian footballer
  • 1981 – Derek Asamoah, Ghanaian Footballer
  • 1981 – Wes Welker, American football player
  • 1982 – Tommy Robredo, Spanish tennis player
  • 1983 – The Human Tornado (Craig Williams), American professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Alexander Farnerud, Swedish footballer
  • 1984 – Farah Fath, American actress
  • 1984 – Keiichiro Koyama, Japanese musician (member of NEWS (band))
  • 1985 – Drew Sidora, American actress
  • 1986 – Cristian Benítez, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1986 – Adam Casey, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Shahar Pe’er, Israeli tennis player
  • 1988 – Graeme Owens, English footballer
  • 1990 – Caitlin Stasey, Australian actress
  • 1997 – Ariel Gade, American Actress

May 1 – Deaths:

  • 408 – Arcadius, Eastern Roman emperor (b. 337/338)
  • 1118 – Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)
  • 1308 – Albert I of Habsburg (murdered) (b. 1255)
  • 1539 – Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (b. 1503)
  • 1555 – Pope Marcellus II (b. 1501)
  • 1572 – Pope Pius V (b. 1504)
  • 1731 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)
  • 1738 – Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, English statesman (b. c. 1669)
  • 1772 – Gottfried Achenwall, German statistician (b. 1719)
  • 1813 – Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)
  • 1873 – David Livingstone, Scottish missionary (b. 1813)
  • 1899 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)
  • 1904 – Antonín Dvorák, Czech composer (b. 1841)
  • 1913 – John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)
  • 1935 – Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (b. 1889)
  • 1937 – Snitz Edwards, American actor (b. 1868)
  • 1943 – Johan Oscar Smith, Norweigian Christian leader and founder of Smith’s Friends (b.1871)
  • 1945 – Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda (suicide with his wife Magda Goebbels) (b.  1897)
  • 1965 – Spike Jones, American band leader, musician, and comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1968 – Harold Nicolson, British diplomat, author and politician (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – Jack Adams, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and general manager (b.1895)
  • 1970 – Crown Prince Euimin, Crown Prince Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek poet who fought the military junta in Greece (b. 1939)
  • 1976 – T.R.M. Howard, civil rights leader, entrepreneur, surgeon (b. 1908)
  • 1978 – Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (b. 1903)
  • 1982 – William Primrose, Scottish violist (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Hylda Baker, English comedy actress (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Hugo Peretti, American songwriter and record producer (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Sally Kirkland, fashion editor at LIFE (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Douglass Watson, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1990 – Sergio Franchi, Italian tenor (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Pierre Bérégovoy, French Prime Minister (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Ranasinghe Premadasa, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Ayrton Senna, Brazilian race car driver and three-time F1 world champion (b. 1960)
  • 1998 – Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (b. 1935)
  • 2000 – Steve Reeves, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Miss Elizabeth, American wrestler (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Big Hawk, American rapper (b.1969)
  • 2006 – Johnny Paris, American saxophonist (Johnny and the Hurricanes) (b. 1940)

May 1 – Holidays:

  • May Day, Labour Day, Workers’ Day, Day of the International Solidarity of Workers.
  • Italy – national holiday (Giorno dei Lavoratori).
  • Brazil – national holiday (Dia do Trabalho).
  • Switzerland – official feast of Spring.
  • Czech Republic – “National Love Day” – couples tend to flock to the memorial of the poet Karel Hynek Mácha in Prague and kiss.
  • Lei Day – Hawaiian holiday for the Lei.
  • Beltane, Lá Bealtaine, the first day of Summer in modern Ireland was celebrated by the Celts, and is now also celebrated by Neopagans and Wiccans.
  • Northern Europe – Walpurgis Night.
  • Roman Empire – all-female festival in honor of Bona Dea.
  • Roman Empire – fourth and last day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
  • Malta – public holiday (L-Ewwel ta’ Mejju (1st May Day), or Jum il-Haddiem (Worker’s Day)).
  • Maharashtra Day (Maharashtra Divas) – Maharastra, India.
  • Feast of Saint Joseph the Worker
  • Saint James the Less.
  • Saint Philip the Apostle.
  • Saint Andeol.
  • Saint Asaph
  • Saint Brieuc.
  • Saint Sigismund of Burgundy.
  • Saint Theodulf.
  • Saint Augustin Schoeffer

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On This Day in History April 30

April 30 – Events:

  • 313 – Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.
  • 711 – Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
  • 1006 – Supernova SN 1006, the brightest supernova in recorded history, appears in the constellation Lupus.
  • 1483 – Orbital calculations suggest that on this day Pluto moved inside Neptune’s orbit until July 23, 1503.
  • 1492 – Spain gives Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.
  • 1671 – Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.
  • 1789 – On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.
  • 1794 – The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
  • 1803 – Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling – overnight – the size of the young nation.
  • 1812 – The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.
  • 1838 – Nicaragua declares independence from the Central American Federation.
  • 1856 – Battle of Rivas, Nicaragua, against North American mercenaries.
  • 1863 – Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • 1871 – Camp Grant Massacre takes place in Arizona Territory.
  • 1894 – Coxey’s Army reaches Washington, D.C. to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893.
  • 1900 – Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor.
  • 1900 – Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
  • 1904 – The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World’s Fair opens in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1920 – Peru becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1925 – Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for USD $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
  • 1927 – The Federal Industrial Institute for Women, opens in Alderson, West Virginia, as the first women’s federal prison in the United States.
  • 1938 – The animated cartoon short Porky’s Hare Hunt debuts in movie theaters, introducing Happy Rabbit.
  • 1938 – The first televised FA Cup Final took place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End
  • 1939 – The 1939 New York World’s Fair opens.
  • 1939 – RCA-owned NBC begins regularly scheduled television service from its New York station with the opening ceremonies of the 1939 New York World’s Fair broadcast.
  • 1939 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to appear on television during the World Fair’s opening ceremonies broadcast.
  • 1943 – World War II: Operation Mincemeat – The submarine HMS Seraph surfaces in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer.
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide after being married for one day. Soviet soldiers raise the red flag over the Reichstag building.
  • 1947 – In Nevada, the Boulder Dam is officially renamed Hoover Dam.
  • 1948 – In Bogotá, Colombia, the Organization of American States is established.
  • 1973 – Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces top White House aids H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and others have resigned.
  • 1975 – Fall of Saigon: Communist forces gain control of Saigon. The Vietnam War formally ends with the unconditional surrender of South Vietnamese president Duong Van Minh.
  • 1980 – Accession of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands.
  • 1991 – A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh killing an estimated 138,000 people.
  • 1993 – The World Wide Web was born at CERN.
  • 1995 – U.S. President Bill Clinton became the first U.S. President to visit Northern Ireland.
  • 1999 – Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10.
  • 2001 – The Mitchell Report on the Arab-Israeli conflict is published.
  • 2002 – A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years.

April 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1245 – King Philip III of France (d. 1285)
  • 1553 – Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont, queen of France (d. 1601)
  • 1623 – François de Laval, first bishop of New France (d. 1708)
  • 1651 – Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French educational reformer, Catholic saint (d. 1719)
  • 1662 – Queen Mary II of England (d. 1694)
  • 1664 – François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (d. 1709)
  • 1710 – Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (d. 1795)
  • 1721 – Roger Sherman, American statesman (d. 1793)
  • 1723 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (d. 1806)
  • 1770 – David Thompson, Canadian explorer (d. 1857)
  • 1777 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician (d. 1855)
  • 1803 – Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (d. 1879)
  • 1812 – Kaspar Hauser, German mystery boy (d. 1833)
  • 1829 – Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (d. 1884)
  • 1857 – Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1940)
  • 1864 – Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (d. 1913)
  • 1865 – Max Nettlau, German anarchist (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)
  • 1870 – Franz Lehár, Austrian composer (d. 1948)
  • 1874 – Cyriel Verschaeve, Flemish clergyman (d. 1949)
  • 1876 – Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (d. 1937)
  • 1877 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion of Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)
  • 1883 – Jaroslav Hašek, Czech novelist (d. 1923)
  • 1893 – Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Philippe Panneton, French Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (d. 1960)
  • 1896 – Hans List, Austrian inventor (d. 1996)
  • 1897 – Humberto Mauro, Brazillina director and screenwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – Simon Kuznets, Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1902 – Theodore Schultz, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (d. 1970)
  • 1909 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1909 – F. E. McWilliam,Irish sculptor (d. 1992)
  • 1916 – Claude Shannon, American engineer and mathematician (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Robert Shaw, American conductor (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Duncan Hamilton, British racing driver (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Percy Heath, American jazz musician (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Al Lewis, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Corinne Calvet, French actress (d. 2001)
  • 1925 – Johnny Horton, American musician (d. 1960)
  • 1926 – Cloris Leachman, American actress
  • 1928 – Hugh Hood, Canadian author (d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Dickie Davies, British television presenter
  • 1933 – Willie Nelson, American musician
  • 1934 – Jerry Lordan, English composer and singer (d.1995)
  • 1938 – Juraj Jakubisko, Slovak film director
  • 1938 – Larry Niven, American author
  • 1940 – Burt Young, American actor
  • 1941 – Johnny Farina, American musician and composer (Santo & Johnny)
  • 1943 – Frederick Chiluba, former Zambian president (1991-2001)
  • 1943 – Bobby Vee, American singer
  • 1944 – Jill Clayburgh, American actress
  • 1945 – Annie Dillard, American writer
  • 1945 – Michael Smith, American astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1946 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
  • 1946 – Don Schollander, American swimmer
  • 1947 – Leslie Grantham, English actor
  • 1947 – Finn Kalvik, Norwegian singer
  • 1947 – Mats Odell, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Tom Køhlert, Brondby IF coach
  • 1948 – Perry King, American actor
  • 1949 – Phil Garner, baseball manager
  • 1949 – António Guterres, Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1952 – Jacques Audiard, French film director
  • 1954 – Jane Campion, New Zealand film director
  • 1955 – Nicolas Hulot, French journalist
  • 1956 – Jorge Chaminé, Portuguese baritone
  • 1956 – Lars von Trier, Danish film director
  • 1958 – Charles Berling, French actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Paul Gross, Canadian actor, director, and writer
  • 1959 – Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1959 – W. Thomas Smith, Jr, American author and columnist
  • 1960 – Kerry Healey, American politician
  • 1961 – Isiah Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Michael Waltrip, American race car driver
  • 1964 – Ian Healy, Australian cricketer
  • 1964 – Barrington Levy, Jamaican musician
  • 1965 – Adrian Pasdar, American actor
  • 1966 – Jeff Brown, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Paulo Jr., Brazilian musician (Sepultura)
  • 1969 – Warren Defever, American musician, composer
  • 1971 – John Boyne, Irish novelist
  • 1971 – Darren Emerson, English DJ (Underworld)
  • 1973 – Akon, American R&B Singer
  • 1974 – Mikey Chan, Australian musician
  • 1975 – Elliott Sadler, American race car driver
  • 1975 – Mike Chat, American actor
  • 1976 – Amanda Palmer, American musician (The Dresden Dolls)
  • 1977 – Jeannie Haddaway, American politician
  • 1979 – Gerardo Torrado, Mexican footballer
  • 1981 – John O’Shea, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Emma Pierson, British actress
  • 1982 – Lloyd Banks, American rapper
  • 1982 – Kirsten Dunst, American actress
  • 1982 – Cleo Higgins, British singer and actress
  • 1982 – Andrew Seeley, Canadian actor and singer
  • 1983 – Troy Williamson, American football player
  • 1984 – Shawn Daivari, Persian-American professional wrestler and manager
  • 1987 – Nikki Webster, Australian entertainer
  • 1987 – Rohit Sharma, Indian Cricketer
  • 1996 – Jaidyn Leskie, Missing/murdered Australian toddler

April 30 – Deaths:

  • 65 – Lucan, Roman poet (b. 39)
  • 1063 – Emperor Renzong of China (b. 1010)
  • 1131 – Adjutor, Roman Catholic Saint
  • 1341 – John III, Duke of Brittany (b. 1285)
  • 1439 – Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b. 1382)
  • 1524 – Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, French soldier (b. 1473)
  • 1544 – Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1555 – Pope Marcellus II (b. 1501)
  • 1632 – King Sigismund I of Sweden (b. 1561)
  • 1632 – Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly, Bavarian general (b. 1559)
  • 1642 – Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (b. 1578)
  • 1660 – Petrus Scriverius, Dutch writer (b. 1576)
  • 1655 – Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (b. 1617)
  • 1696 – Robert Plot, British naturalist (b. 1640)
  • 1712 – Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Protestant theologian (b. 1633)
  • 1736 – Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer (b. 1668)
  • 1758 – François d’Agincourt, French composer (b. 1684)
  • 1792 – John Montagu, supposed inventor of the sandwich (b. 1718)
  • 1795 – Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (b. 1716)
  • 1841 – Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (b. 1758)
  • 1847 – Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general (b. 1771)
  • 1865 – Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and meteorologist (b. 1805)
  • 1875 – Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)
  • 1883 – Édouard Manet, French painter (b. 1832)
  • 1900 – Casey Jones, American train engineer (b. 1863)
  • 1903 – Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (b.1831)
  • 1936 – Alfred Edward Housman, English poet (b. 1859)
  • 1943 – Otto Jespersen, Danish philologist (b. 1860)
  • 1943 – Beatrice Webb, British economist (b. 1858)
  • 1945 – Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler’s new wife (suicide) (b. 1912)
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler, Austrian dictator of Nazi Germany (suicide) (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – Alben W. Barkley, Vice President of the United States (b. 1877)
  • 1970 – Inger Stevens, Swedish actress (b. 1934)
  • 1973 – Václav Renc, Czech poet, dramatist and translator (b. 1911)
  • 1974 – Agnes Moorehead, American actress (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1982 – Lester Bangs, American music journalist, author, and musician (b. 1949)
  • 1983 – George Balanchine, Russian-born dancer and choreographer (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Muddy Waters, American musician (b. 1915)
  • 1985 – George Pravda, Czechoslovakian actor (b. 1918)
  • 1989 – Yi, Bang-ja, Crown Princess of Korea (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Sergio Leone, Italian filmmaker (b. 1929)
  • 1993 – Tommy Caton, English footballer (b. 1962)
  • 1994 – Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian race car driver (b. 1960)
  • 1994 – Richard Scarry, American author (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Maung Maung Kha, Prime minister of Burma (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – David Opatoshu, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Nizar Qabbani, Syrian poet (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf. (b.  1928)
  • 2003 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand race car driver (b. 1956)
  • 2003 – Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Mark Berger, University of Kentucky professor (b. 1955)
  • 2005 – Ron Todd, TGWU General Secretary (1985 – 1992) (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Lawrence Patrick, Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject (b. n/a)
  • 2007 – Grégory Lemarchal, French singer (b. 1983)
  • 2007 – Kevin Mitchell, American football player (b. 1971)
  • 2007 – Tom Poston, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Gordon Scott, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Zola Taylor, American singer (b. 1938)

April 30 – Holidays:

  • Walpur gis Night – Celebrated in Germany, central, and western Europe
  • Scandinavia – The arrival of spring.
  • Sweden – Birthday of King Carl XVI Gustav, an official flag day.
  • The Netherlands – Queen’s Day, the largest one-day holiday in the Netherlands.
  • Roman Empire – third day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
  • Bealtaine Eve (From either Irish Bealtaine or Scottish Gaelic). Originally a Celtic Druid holiday.
  • Vietnam – Liberation Day.
  • Mexico – Children’s Day.
  • Czech Republic and Slovakia – Carodejnice – witches’ night
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:

o   Saint Adjutor

o   Saint Eutropius

o   Saint Maximus, 3rd century martyr

o   Saint Suitbert the Younger (d. 807)

o   Saint Pope Pius V

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On This Day in History April 29

April 29 – Events:

  • 1429 – Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orléans.
  • 1672 – Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.
  • 1770 – James Cook arrives at and names Botany Bay, Australia.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Maryland’s House of Delegates votes not to secede from the Union.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: New Orleans falls to Union forces under Admiral David Farragut.
  • 1864 – The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.
  • 1882 – The “Elektromote” – forerunner of the trolleybus – trialed by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.
  • 1903 – A 30 million cubic-metre landslide kills 70 in Frank, Alberta, Canada.
  • 1916 – World War I: The British 6th Indian Division surrendered to Ottoman Forces at Kut. One of the largest surrenders of British forces up to that point.
  • 1916 – Easter Rebellion: Martial law in Ireland is lifted and the rebellion is officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin.
  • 1945 – World War II: The German Army in Italy unconditionally surrenders to the Allies.
  • 1945 – World War II: Start of Operation Manna.
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler marries his long-time partner Eva Braun in a Berlin bunker and designates  Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor.
  • 1945 – The Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.
  • 1946 – Former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders are indicted for war crimes.
  • 1951 – A Tibetan delegation to the Chinese government was presented with a treaty draft regarding the Chinese occupation of Tibet.
  • 1965 – Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) successfully launches seventh rocket in their Rehber series.
  • 1967 – After refusing induction into the United States Army the day before (citing religious reasons), Muhammad Ali is stripped of his boxing title.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: United States and South Vietnamese forces invade Cambodia to hunt Viet Cong.
  • 1974 – Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of White House tape recordings related to the scandal.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: Operation Frequent Wind: The last U.S. citizens begin evacuation from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover. U.S. involvement in the war comes to an end.
  • 1980 – Corazones Unidos Siempre Chi Upsilon Sigma National Latin Sorority Inc. founded.
  • 1986 – Roger Clemens sets a major league baseball record with 20 strikeouts in nine innings against the Seattle Mariners.
  • 1986 – Fire at the Central library of the City of Los Angeles Public Library, some 400,000 books and other items damaged or destroyed.
  • 1991 – 1991 Bangladesh cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 mph, killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.
  • 1992 – Riots in Los Angeles, California, follow the acquittal of police officers charged with excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. Over the next three days 53 people are killed and hundreds of buildings are destroyed.
  • 1997 – The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 enters into force, outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories.
  • 1999 – Avala TV Tower near Belgrade destroyed in NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.
  • 2002 – The United States is re-elected to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, one year after losing the seat it had held for 50 years.
  • 2004 – Dick Cheney and George W. Bush testify before the 9/11 Commission in a closed, unrecorded hearing in the Oval Office.
  • 2004 – Oldsmobile builds its final car ending 107 years of production.
  • 2005 – Syria completes withdrawal from Lebanon, ending 29 years of occupation.
  • 2005 – New Zealand’s first civil union takes place.
  • 2007 – Republic Protests in Turkey

April 29 – Birthdays:

  • 534 – Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion
  • 1665 – James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier (d. 1745)
  • 1667 – John Arbuthnot, English physician and satirist (d. 1735)
  • 1686 – Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1727 – Jean-Georges Noverre, French dancer (d. 1810)
  • 1745 – Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1807)
  • 1762 – Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (d. 1833)
  • 1780 – Charles Nodier, French writer (d. 1844)
  • 1784 – Samuel Turell Armstrong, American poltician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1850)
  • 1837 – Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (d. 1891)
  • 1842 – Karl Millöcker, Dutch composer (d. 1899)
  • 1854 – Henri Poincaré, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1863 – William Randolph Hearst, American publisher (d. 1951)
  • 1863 – Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • 1872 – Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1930)
  • 1875 – Rafael Sabatini, Italian/British writer (d. 1950)
  • 1876 – Zauditu of Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • 1879 – Thomas Beecham, English conductor (d. 1961)
  • 1882 – Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist and printer (d. 1945)
  • 1885 – Egon Erwin Kisch, Czech journalist and author (d. 1948)
  • 1893 – Harold Urey, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1895 – Sir Malcolm Sargent, English conductor (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – Duke Ellington, American jazz pianist and bandleader (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Tino Rossi, French singer and actor (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born American film director (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Jack Williamson, American writer (d. 2006)
  • 1909 – Tom Ewell, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Richard Carlson, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1915 – Donald Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers) (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Celeste Holm, American actress
  • 1918 – George Allen, American football player and coach (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Gérard Oury, French film actor and director (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Harold Shapero, American composer
  • 1922 – Helmut Krackowizer, Austrian motorcyclist (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Toots Thielemans, Belgian jazz guitarist and harmonica player
  • 1924 – Al Balding, Canadian golfer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Zizi Jeanmaire, French ballet dancer and actress
  • 1925 – Ned Austin, American character actor (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – John Compton, Saint Lucian Prime Minister (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Ray Baretto, American jazz musician (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Walter Kempowski, German author
  • 1929 – Mickey McDermott, American baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Peter Sculthorpe, Australian composer
  • 1930 – Jean Rochefort, French actor
  • 1931 – Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter
  • 1931 – Lonnie Donegan, Scottish musician (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Willie Nelson American country singer
  • 1933 – Mark Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1933 – Rod McKuen, American poet and composer
  • 1934 – Luis Aparicio, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1934 – Otis Rush, American musician
  • 1936 – Zubin Mehta, Indian-born conductor
  • 1936 – April Stevens, American singer
  • 1936 – Lane Smith, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Jill Paton Walsh, English writer
  • 1938 – Fred Dibnah, English television personality (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Klaus Voormann, German musician, artist, and record producer
  • 1942 – Galina Kulakova, Soviet cross country skier
  • 1944 – Princess Benedikte of Denmark
  • 1944 – Richard Kline, American actor and director
  • 1945 – Tammi Terrell, American singer (d. 1970)
  • 1946 – John Waters, American film director and writer
  • 1947 – Serge Bernier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1947 – Olavo de Carvalho, Brazilian philosopher
  • 1947 – Tommy James, American musician
  • 1947 – Jim Ryun, American athlete and politician
  • 1948 – Bruce Cutler, American attorney
  • 1948 – Michael Karoli, German guitarist and violinist (Can) (d. 2001)
  • 1950 – Debbie Stabenow, American politician
  • 1951 – Dale Earnhardt, American race car driver (d. 2001)
  • 1952 – Nora Dunn, American actress
  • 1952 – David Icke, English writer
  • 1952 – Bob McClure, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Jake Burton Carpenter, American snowboarder
  • 1954 – Jerry Seinfeld, American comedian
  • 1955 – Kate Mulgrew, American actress
  • 1955 – Wendee Lee, American voice actress
  • 1955 – Gino Quilico, Canadian baritone
  • 1956 – Sofia Sakorafa, Greek javelin thrower and politician
  • 1956 – Ketil Stokkan, Norwegian singer
  • 1957 – Daniel Day-Lewis, Irish actor
  • 1957 – Mark Kendall, American guitarist
  • 1957 – Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast (d. 2003)
  • 1958 – Michelle Pfeiffer, American actress
  • 1958 – Eve Plumb, American actress
  • 1958 – Gary Cohen, Baseball broadcaster
  • 1960 – Phil King, English bassist
  • 1960 – Robert J. Sawyer, Canadian writer
  • 1960 – Caveh Zahedi, American filmmaker
  • 1961 – Fumihiko Tachiki, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1964 – Federico Castelluccio, Italian-American actor
  • 1966 – Phil Tufnell, English cricketer
  • 1967 – Curtis Joseph, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Master P, American rapper
  • 1968 – Carnie Wilson, American singer
  • 1969 – Paul Adelstein, American actor
  • 1970 – Andre Agassi, American tennis player
  • 1970 – Uma Thurman, American actress
  • 1971 – Sam Michael, Australian engineer
  • 1972 – Dustin McDaniel, American politician
  • 1973 – David Belle, French physical educator
  • 1973 – Johan Hegg, Swedish heavy metal vocalist
  • 1974 – Anggun, Indonesian singer
  • 1974 – Pascal Cygan, French footballer
  • 1974 – Julian Knowle, Austrian tennis player
  • 1974 – Jasper Wood, Canadian violinist
  • 1975 – Rafael Betancourt, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1976 – Jay Orpin, Swedish composer and producer
  • 1977 – Rocío Carrasco, Spanish TV host and socialite
  • 1977 – Claus Jensen, Danish footballer
  • 1978 – Tony Armas, Jr., Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1978 – Bob Bryan and Mike Bryan, American tennis players
  • 1979 – Ryan Sharp, Scottish racing driver
  • 1979 – Jo O’Meara, British singer (S Club 7)
  • 1979 – Lee Dong-Gook, Korean footballer
  • 1979 – Matt Tong, English drummer (Bloc Party)
  • 1980 – Mathieu Biron, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Kian Egan, Irish singer (Westlife)
  • 1980 – Kelly Shoppach, American baseball player
  • 1981 – George McCartney, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Émilie Mondor, Canadian athlete (d. 2006)
  • 1981 – Alex Vincent, American actor
  • 1982 – Kamran Jawaid, Pakistani film critic
  • 1983 – Jay Cutler, American football player
  • 1983 – Yuriko Shiratori, Japanese gravure idol and actress
  • 1983 – Sam Jones III, American Actor
  • 1984 – Taylor Cole, American actress
  • 1987 – Matthew Doherty, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1987 – Alicia Morton, American actress
  • 1988 – Younha, Korean pop singer
  • 2003 – Barbaro, American thoroughbred racehorse (d. 2007)
  • 2003 – Maud Behn, Princess of Norway
  • 2007 – Infanta Sofía of Spain, Princess of Spain

April 29 – Deaths:

  • 926 – Burchard II, Duke of Swabia
  • 1380 – Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (b. 1347)
  • 1594 – Thomas Cooper, English bishop, lexicographer, and writer
  • 1630 – Agrippa d’Aubigné, French poet (b. 1552)
  • 1658 – John Cleveland, English poet (b. 1613)
  • 1676 – Michiel de Ruyter, Dutch admiral (b. 1607)
  • 1688 – Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1620)
  • 1698 – Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1655)
  • 1707 – George Farquhar, Irish dramatist (b. 1678)
  • 1743 – Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (b. 1658)
  • 1768 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (b. 1694)
  • 1776 – Edward Wortley Montagu, English traveler and writer (b. 1713)
  • 1782 – Richard Kempenfelt, Royal Navy Admiral (b. 1718)
  • 1793 – Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi (b. 1713)
  • 1793 – John Michell, English scientist (b. 1724)
  • 1798 – Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (b. 1723)
  • 1854 – Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general (b. 1768)
  • 1903 – Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (b. 1835)
  • 1916 – Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (b. 1850)
  • 1920 – William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)
  • 1933 – Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (b. 1863)
  • 1935 – Leroy Carr, American blues singer, songwriter and pianist (b. 1905)
  • 1937 – William Gillette, American actor (b. 1853)
  • 1944 – Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (b. 1851)
  • 1951 – Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-born philosopher (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Cisco Houston, American folk singer (b. 1918)
  • 1966 – William Eccles, English physicist and radio pioneer (b. 1875)
  • 1967 – Anthony Mann, American actor and director (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Hardie Gramatky, American author and animator (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Alfred Hitchcock, English film director (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – James McCracken, American tenor (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Mick Ronson, English musician (b. 1946)
  • 1993 – Michael Gordon, American film director (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Mike Royko, American columnist (b. 1932)
  • 1998 – Hal Laycoe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Bob Akin, American industrialist and race car driver (b. 1936)
  • 1936 – Lor Tok, Thai comedian and actor (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Sid Smith, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – William J. Bell, American television writer and producer (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Mariana Levy, Mexican actress, singer, and television show host (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Milt Bocek, American baseball player (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Josh Hancock, American baseball player (b. 1978)
  • 2007 – Ivica Racan, former Prime Minister of Croatia (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Arve Opsahl, Norwegian actor, known as the leader of Olsenbanden
  • 2007 – Dick Motz, New Zealand cricket player (b. 1940)

April 29 – Holidays:

  • International Dance Day.
  • Greenery Day (1989-2006).
  • Showa Day (2007 – Day of Showa period, which is reigned by Emperor Hirohito)
  • Roman Empire – second day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
  • Roman Catholic Calendar of saints:

o   Saint Catherine of Siena

o   Saint Robert (d.1111)

o   Saint Wilfred the Younger

o   Saint Peter of Verona

o   Saint Hugh of Cluny

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On This Day in History April 28

April 28 – Events:

  • 1192 – Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne is confirmed by election. The killing is carried out by Hashshashin.
  • 1253 – Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
  • 1611 – Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the oldest existing university in Asia and the largest Catholic university in the world.
  • 1788 – Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.
  • 1789 – Mutiny on the HMS Bounty. Captain William Bligh and 18 sailors are set adrift and the rebel crew returns to Tahiti briefly and then sets sail for Pitcairn Island.
  • 1792 – France invades Austrian Netherlands (present day Belgium), beginning the French Revolutionary War.
  • 1796 – The Armistice of Cherasco is signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, the King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Admiral David Farragut captures New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • 1902 – Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occurred at 10:40 AM on this date.
  • 1920 – Azerbaijan is added to the Soviet Union.
  • 1930 – The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.
  • 1932 – A vaccine for yellow fever is announced for use on humans.
  • 1945 – Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are executed by a firing squad consisting of members of the Italian resistance movement.
  • 1947 – Thor Heyerdahl and five crew mates set out from Peru on the Kon-Tiki to prove that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia.
  • 1950 – Bhumibol Adulyadej, got married with his queen, Queen Sirikit, after their quiet engagement in Lausanne, Switzerland on July 19, 1949.
  • 1952 – Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO.
  • 1952 – Occupied Japan: The United States occupation of Japan ends.
  • 1967 – Expo 67 opens to the public in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
  • 1969 – Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
  • 1977 – The Red Army Faction trial ends, with Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe found guilty of four counts of murder and more than 30 counts of attempted murder.
  • 1977 – The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
  • 1978 – President of Afghanistan Mohammed Daoud Khan is overthrown and assassinated in a coup led by procommunist rebels.
  • 1981 – Galician current Statute of Autonomy.
  • 1986 – United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Enterprise becomes the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to transit the Suez Canal, navigating from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea to relieve USS Coral Sea, on station across the “Line of Death” in the Gulf of Sidra off the coast of Libya. The transit began at 0300 and lasted 12 hours.
  • 1987 – U.S. engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
  • 1988 – Near Maui, Hawaii, flight attendant Clarabelle “C.B.” Lansing is blown out of Aloha Flight 243, a Boeing 737, and falls to her death when part of the plane’s fuselage rips open in mid-flight.
  • 1994 – Former Central Intelligence Agency official Aldrich Ames pleads guilty to giving U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and later Russia.
  • 1996 – Whitewater controversy: President Bill Clinton gives 4½ hour videotaped testimony for the defense.
  • 1996 – In Tasmania, Australia, Martin Bryant goes on a shooting spree, killing 35 people and seriously injuring 37 more.
  • 1997 – The 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention goes into effect, with Russia, Iraq and North Korea notable nations who had not ratified the treaty.
  • 2001 – Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world’s first space tourist.
  • 2005 – The Patent Law Treaty goes into effect.
  • 2005 – Taraki Sivaram, a popular Tamil journalist of Sri Lanka kidnapped in Colombo; his body was found the next day near the parliament.

April 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1442 – King Edward IV of England (d. 1483)
  • 1545 – Yi Sun-sin, Korean admiral (d. 1598)
  • 1630 – Charles Cotton, English poet (d. 1687)
  • 1686 – Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1721)
  • 1715 – Franz Sparry, composer (d. 1767)
  • 1758 – James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (d. 1831)
  • 1765 – Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1834)
  • 1819 – Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar (d. 1884)
  • 1838 – Tobias Michael Carel Asser, Dutch jurist, Nobel laureate (d. 1913)
  • 1868 – Lucy Booth, the fifth daughter of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1953)
  • 1868 – Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (d. 1908)
  • 1874 – Karl Kraus, Austrian journalist and author (d. 1936)
  • 1878 – Lionel Barrymore, American actor (d. 1954)
  • 1889 – António de Oliveira Salazar, dictator of Portugal (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Jan Oort, Dutch astronomer (d. 1992)
  • 1903 – Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Paul Sacher, Swiss conductor (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Oskar Schindler, Austrian businessman (d. 1974)
  • 1910 – Sam Merwin, Jr., American mystery fiction writer (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Lee Falk, American comic strip writer (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Odette Sansom, French resistance worker (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Philip E. High, Science fiction author (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Rowland Evans, American journalist (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – William Guarnere, WWII Veteran
  • 1922 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Kenneth Kaunda, President of Zambia
  • 1925 – T. John Lesinski, Lieutenant Governor of Michigan
  • 1926 – Blossom Dearie, American jazz singer
  • 1926 – Harper Lee, American author
  • 1928 – Yves Klein, French painter (d. 1962)
  • 1928 – Eugene M. Shoemaker, American planetary scientist (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – James Baker, American politician
  • 1930 – Carolyn Jones, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1934 – Lois Duncan, American novelist
  • 1937 – Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq (d. 2006)
  • 1938 – Madge Sinclair, Jamaican actress (d. 1995)
  • 1941 – Ann-Margret, Swedish-born actress
  • 1941 – K. Barry Sharpless, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Lucien Aimar, French cyclist
  • 1941 – Iryna Zhylenko, Ukrainian poet
  • 1942 – Mike Brearley, English cricketer
  • 1943 – Jacques Dutronc, French singer and actor
  • 1944 – Elizabeth LeCompte, American theater director
  • 1944 – Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
  • 1944 – Alice Waters, American chef
  • 1946 – Ginette Reno, French Canadian singer, songwriter and actress
  • 1948 – Terry Pratchett, English author
  • 1948 – Marcia Strassman, American actress
  • 1948 – Dorothée Berryman, French Canadian actress and singer
  • 1949 – Indian Larry, American stuntsman (d. 2004)
  • 1949 – Bruno Kirby, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Jay Leno, American comedian and television host
  • 1950 – Willie Colon , Puerto Rican salsa legend
  • 1952 – Mary McDonnell, American actress
  • 1953 – Kim Gordon, American musician (Sonic Youth)
  • 1955 – Paul Guilfoyle, American actor
  • 1955 – Nicky Gumbel, British author and priest
  • 1956 – Jimmy Barnes, Scottish-born singer
  • 1957 – Wilma Landkroon, Dutch singer
  • 1958 – Hal Sutton, American golfer
  • 1960 – John Cerutti, baseball player and announcer (d. 2004)
  • 1960 – Joel H. Rosenthal American political scientist
  • 1960 – Jón Páll Sigmarsson, Icelandic strength athlete (d. 1993)
  • 1960 – Walter Zenga, Italian footballer
  • 1961 – Futoshi Matsunaga, Japanese serial killer
  • 1963 – Lloyd Eisler, Canadian figure skater
  • 1964 – Barry Larkin, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Mark Steven Robinson, American director
  • 1964 – Noriyuki Iwadare, Japanese composer
  • 1965 – Steven Blum, American voice actor
  • 1966 – John Daly, American golfer
  • 1966 – Too Short, American rapper
  • 1967 – Kari Wührer, American actress
  • 1968 – Daisy Berkowitz, American musician (Marilyn Manson)
  • 1968 – Howard Donald, British musician
  • 1968 – Andy Flower, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1970 – Nicklas Lidström, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Diego Simeone, Argentine footballer
  • 1972 – Joseph Bruce, American musician
  • 1973 – Elisabeth Röhm, American actress
  •  1973 – Jorge Garcia, American actor
  • 1973 – Francisco Palencia, Mexican footballer
  • 1974 – Penélope Cruz, Spanish actress
  • 1974 – Richel Hersisia, Dutch boxer
  • 1974 – Vernon Kay, British TV/radio presenter
  • 1978 – Lauren Laverne, Disc jockey, television presenter and former singer
  • 1979 – Bahram Radan, Iranian actor
  • 1980 – Josh Howard, American basketball player (Dallas Mavericks)
  • 1981 – Jessica Alba, American actress
  • 1982 – Nikki Grahame, Big Brother 7 Star
  • 1983 – Roger Johnson, English footballer
  • 1986 – George Nozuka, Canadian Singer/Songwriter

April 28 – Deaths:

  • 1192 – Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem (b. mid 1140s)
  • 1498 – Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, English politician
  • 1533 – Nicholas West, English bishop and diplomat (b. 1461)
  • 1695 – Henry Vaughan, Welsh poet (b. 1621)
  • 1710 – Thomas Betterton, English actor
  • 1716 – Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest (b. 1673)
  • 1726 – Thomas Pitt, British Governor of Madras (b. 1653)
  • 1741 – Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman (b. 1668)
  • 1772 – Johann Friedrich Struensee, physician of Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1737)
  • 1781 – Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
  • 1813 – Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (b. 1745)
  • 1841 – Peter Chanel, French saint (b. 1803)
  • 1853 – Ludwig Tieck, German writer (b. 1773)
  • 1858 – Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (b. 1801)
  • 1865 – Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born British shipping magnate (b. 1787)
  • 1905 – Fitzhugh Lee, American Confederate general (b. 1835)
  • 1926 – Zip the Pinhead, American freak show performer (b. 1857)
  • 1936 – King Fuad I of Egypt (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Frank Knox, U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate (b. 1874)
  • 1945 – Benito Mussolini, Italian fascist dictator (b. 1882)
  • 1945 – Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini (shot) (b. 1912)
  • 1945 – Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist (b. 1892)
  • 1946 – Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (b. 1870)
  • 1954 – Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1879)
  • 1957 – Heinz “Pritzl” Bär, German fighter pilot (b. 1913)
  • 1964 – Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Ed Begley, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – Clas Thunberg, Finnish speed skater (b. 1893)
  • 1975 – Tom Donahue, American FM radio DJ (pioneer, freeform radio) (b. 1928)
  • 1978 – Sardar Mohammed Daoud, President of Afghanistan (b. 1909)
  • 1988 – B. W. Stevenson, American country singer (b. 1949)
  • 1991 – Steve Broidy, American motion picture executive (b. 1905)
  • 1992 – Francis Bacon, Anglo-Irish painter (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – Iceberg Slim, American writer (b. 1918)
  • 1993 – Jim Valvano, American basketball coach (b. 1946)
  • 1998 – Ramakant Desai, Indian cricketer (b. 1939)
  • 1999 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Alf Ramsey, English football manager (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Penelope Fitzgerald, English writer (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish doctor, researcher and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – Alexander Lebed, Russian general (b. 1950)
  • 2002 – Lou Thesz, American wrestler (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Chris Candido, American wrestler (b. 1972)
  • 2005 – Percy Heath, American jazz bassist (Modern Jazz Quartet) (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Taraki Sivaram, Tamil journalist of Sri Lanka (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Dabbs Greer, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Tommy Newsom, American bandleader (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (b. 1912)

April 28 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – first day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
  • National Day of Mourning in Canada to commemorate workers killed, injured, or suffering illness due to occupational hazards and accidents.
  • National Heroes Day – Barbados.
  • Workers Memorial Day – International Workers Memorial Day

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