On This Day in History July 18

July 18 – Events:

  • 390 BC – Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia – A Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
  • 64 – Great fire of Rome: A fire begins to burn in the merchant area of Rome and soon burns completely out of control while Emperor Nero reportedly plays his lyre and sings while watching the blaze from a safe distance.
  • 1334 – The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundational stone laid for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
  • 1656 – Polish-Lithuanian forces clashes with Sweden and its Brandenburg allies in the start of what is to be known as The Battle of Warsaw which ends in a decisive Swedish victory.
  • 1857 – Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall’s war on the French.
  • 1914 – The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, this gives definite status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.
  • 1925 – Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jets for the first time.
  • 1944 – World War II: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.
  • 1965 – Zond 3 launched.
  • 1966 – Gemini 10 launched.
  • 1969 – After a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Senator Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drives an Oldsmobile off a wooden bridge into a tide-swept pond and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, dies.
  • 1982 – 268 campesinos (“peasants” or “country people”) are slain in the Plan de Sánchez massacre in Ríos Montt’s Guatemala.
  • 1984 – McDonald’s massacre in San Ysidro, California: In a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty opens fire, killing 21 people and injuring 19 others before being shot dead by police.
  • 1986 – A tornado is broadcast live on KARE television in Minnesota when the station’s helicopter pilot makes a chance encounter.
  • 1992 – The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappeared from their university in Lima.
  • 1995 – On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufriere Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital and forcing most of the population to flee.
  • 1996 – Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Québec’s costliest natural disasters ever.
  • 1996 – An F5 tornado hit the town of Oakfield, Wisconsin.

July 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1501 – Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)
  • 1504 – Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (d. 1575)
  • 1552 – Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1612)
  • 1634 – Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1695)
  • 1635 – Robert Hooke, English scientist (d. 1703)
  • 1670 – Giovanni Bononcini, Italian composer (d. 1747)
  • 1718 – Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (d. 1808)
  • 1720 – Gilbert White, English ornithologist (d. 1793)
  • 1797 – Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)
  • 1811 – William Makepeace Thackeray, English author (d. 1863)
  • 1818 – Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (d. 1896)
  • 1821 – Pauline Garcia-Viardot, French mezzo-soprano and composer (d. 1910)
  • 1837 – Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
  • 1845 – Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)
  • 1848 – W. G. Grace, English cricketer (d. 1915)
  • 1850 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (d. 1939)
  • 1853 – Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
  • 1862 – Nikolai Nikolaevich Yudenich, Russian general (d. 1933)
  • 1864 – Phillip Snowden, British politician (d. 1937)
  • 1867 – Margaret Brown, The Unsinkable Molly Brown, Titanic survivor (d. 1932)
  • 1881 – Larry McLean, baseball player (d. 1921)
  • 1884 – Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (d.  1979)
  • 1887 – Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian soldier, politician and convicted traitor (d. 1945, by execution)
  • 1890 – Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)
  • 1892 – Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – George Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (d. 1954)
  • 1897 – E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (d. 1935)
  • 1900 – Nathalie Sarraute, French writer (d. 1999)
  • 1902 – Jessamyn West, American writer (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – Chill Wills, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – S. I. Hayakawa, American semanticist and politician (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – Clifford Odets, American writer (d. 1963)
  • 1908 – Lupe Vélez, Mexican actress (d. 1944)
  • 1909 – Andrei Gromyko, Soviet diplomat and President (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Mohammed Daoud Khan, President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Harriet Nelson, American singer and actress (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Hume Cronyn, Canadian actor (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Johnny Hopp, baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Henri Salvador, French singer (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1920 – Eric Brandon, British racing driver (d. 1982)
  • 1921 – John Glenn, Mercury Seven astronaut and United States Senator from Ohio
  • 1922 – Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Inge Sørensen, Danish swimmer
  • 1925 – Shirley Strickland, Australian athlete (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Robert Sloman, writer (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Kurt Masur, Silesian-born conductor
  • 1929 – Dick Button, American figure skater
  • 1929 – Screamin’ Jay Hawkins, American singer (d. 2000)
  • 1930 – Burt Kwouk, English actor
  • 1933 – Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet
  • 1933 – Syd Mead, American industrial and conceptual designer
  • 1933 – Jean Yanne, French film actor and director (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Darlene Conley, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Roger Reynolds, American composer and teacher
  • 1935 – Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader
  • 1936 – Ted Harris, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1937 – Roald Hoffman, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Paul Verhoeven, Dutch film director
  • 1938 – Ian Stewart, Scottish pianist formerly a member of The Rolling Stones (d. 1985)
  • 1939 – Dion DiMucci, American singer
  • 1939 – Brian Auger, British musician
  • 1939 – Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Jerry Moore, American football coach
  • 1940 – James Brolin, American actor
  • 1940 – Joe Torre, American baseball player and manager
  • 1941 – Frank Farian, German music producer
  • 1941 – Lonnie Mack, American guitarist and singer
  • 1941 – Martha Reeves, American singer
  • 1942 – Adolf Ogi, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1942 – Bobby Susser, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1942 – Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Leo Madder, Belgian actor
  • 1947 – Steve Forbes, American entrepreneur and politician
  • 1947 – Steven W. Mahoney, Canadian politician
  • 1948 – Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1950 – Jerome Barkum, former National Football League player
  • 1950 – Sir Richard Branson, British entrepreneur
  • 1950 – Jack Layton, Canadian politician
  • 1950 – Kostas Eleftherakis, Greek footballer
  • 1951 – Elio Di Rupo, Belgian politician
  • 1954 – Ricky Skaggs, American country/bluegrass musician
  • 1955 – Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor
  • 1956 – Razor Shines, Major and Minor league baseball player, manager and coach
  • 1957 – Nick Faldo, English golfer
  • 1960 – Anne-Marie Johnson, American actress
  • 1961 – Elizabeth McGovern, American-born actress
  • 1962 – Lee Arenberg, American actor
  • 1962 – Jack Irons, American drummer (Pearl Jam, Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1963 – Martín Torrijos Espino, President of Panama
  • 1963 – Mike Greenwell, baseball player
  • 1963 – Al Snow, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Wendy Williams, radio host
  • 1966 – Lori Alan, American actress
  • 1967 – Vin Diesel, American actor
  • 1969 – Masanori Murakawa, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Penny Hardaway, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1975 – Torii Hunter, baseball player
  • 1975 – Daron Malakian, American guitarist (System of a Down)
  • 1976 – Elsa Pataky, Spanish actress
  • 1977 – Dylan Lane, American television host
  • 1977 – Alfian bin Sa’at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
  • 1978 – Shane Horgan, Irish rugby player
  • 1978 – Ben Sheets, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Mélissa Theuriau, French newscaster
  • 1978 – Verónica Romeo, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Rick Baxter, American politician
  • 1979 – Deion Branch, football player
  • 1979 – Jared Hess, American film director and screenwriter, (Napoleon Dynamite)
  • 1979 – Joey Mercury, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Jermaine Paul, American musician
  • 1980 – Kristen Bell, American actress
  • 1982 – Priyanka Chopra, Indian actress and Miss World 2000
  • 1982 – Ryan Cabrera, American musician and TV host
  • 1985 – Chace Crawford, American actor

July 18 – Deaths:

  • 1100 – Godfrey of Bouillon, Protector of the Holy Sepulcher, de facto King of Jerusalem
  • 1488 – Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)
  • 1591 – Jacobus Gallus, Slovenian composer (b. 1550)
  • 1608 – Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1546)
  • 1610 – Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Italian artist (b. 1573)
  • 1639 – Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German general (b. 1604)
  • 1695 – Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1634)
  • 1698 – Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (b. 1633)
  • 1721 – Antoine Watteau, French painter (b. 1684)
  • 1730 – François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (b. 1644)
  • 1792 – John Paul Jones, American naval commander (b. 1747)
  • 1817 – Jane Austen, English novelist (b. 1775)
  • 1863 – Robert Gould Shaw, American military officer (b. 1837)
  • 1872 – Benito Juárez, President of Mexico (b. 1806)
  • 1884 – Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)
  • 1892 – Thomas Cook, English travel agent (b. 1808)
  • 1899 – Horatio Alger, Jr., American writer (b. 1832)
  • 1916 – Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author
  • 1918 – Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
  • 1925 – Louis Nazaire Bégin, Roman Catholic cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1937 – Julian Bell, British poet, killed in the Spanish Civil War (b. 1908)
  • 1944 – Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet, author and artist (b. 1870)
  • 1948 – Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1949 – Vítezslav Novák, Czech composer (b. 1870)
  • 1952 – Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect (b. 1862)
  • 1953 – Lucy Booth, Daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)
  • 1954 – George Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (b. 1895)
  • 1966 – Bobby Fuller, American rock singer and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 1968 – Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1969 – Mary Jo Kopechne, American Robert F. Kennedy campaign worker (b. 1940)
  • 1973 – Jack Hawkins, English film actor (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Lionel Daunais, French-Canadian singer and composer (b. 1902)
  • 1988 – Nico, German-born model and singer (b. 1938)
  • 1989 – Donnie Moore, baseball player (suicide) (b. 1954)
  • 1990 – Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Gerry Boulet, Quebec rock singer (b. 1946)
  • 1990 – Johnny Wayne, Canadian comedian (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)
  • 1997 – Eugene Merle Shoemaker, American astronomer (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – James Hatfield, American author (b. 1958)
  • 2001 – Fabio Taglioni, Italian automotive engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Victor Emery, British theoretical physicist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Paul Foot, British journalist (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Émile Peynaud, French oenologist (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – William Westmoreland, U.S. Army general (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Bill Hicke, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – George Caiazzo, American professional wrestler
  • 2007 – Jerry Hadley, American opera singer, (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese communist politician (b. 1908)

July 18- Holidays:

  • Uruguay – Constitution Day

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On This Day in History July 17

July 17 – Events:

  • 180 – Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa executed for being Christians. This is the earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world.
  • 1203 – Fourth Crusade captures Constantinople by assault; the Byzantine emperor Alexius III Angelus flees from his capital into exile.
  • 1453 – Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Castillon – The French under Jean Bureau utterly defeat the English under the Earl of Shrewsbury, who is killed in the battle in Gascony
  • 1762 – Catherine II becomes tzar of Russia upon the accidental murder of Peter III of Russia.
  • 1771 – Bloody Falls Massacre: Chipewyan chief Matonabbee traveling as the guide to Samuel Hearne on his Arctic overland journey, massacre a group of unsuspecting Inuit.
  • 1791 – Members of the French National guard under the command of General Lafayette open fire on a crowd of radical Jacobins at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing as many as 50 people.
  • 1794 – The sixteen Carmelite Martyrs of Compiegne are executed 10 days prior to the end of the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror.
  • 1815 – Napoleonic Wars: In France, Napoleon surrenders at Rochefort, Charente-Maritime to British forces.
  • 1856 – The Great Train Wreck of 1856, occurs in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania killing over 60 people.
  • 1899 – NEC Corporation is organized as the first Japanese joint venture with foreign capital.
  • 1917 – King George V of the United Kingdom issues a Proclamation stating that the male line descendants of the British royal family will bear the surname Windsor.
  • 1918 – By order of the Bolshevik Party and carried out by Cheka, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, his immediate family, and retainers were murdered at the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
  • 1933 – After successfully crossing the Atlantic ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Europe under mysterious circumstances.
  • 1936 – Spanish Civil War: An Armed Forces rebellion against the recently-elected leftist Popular Front government of Spain starts the Spanish civil war.
  • 1941 – Joe DiMaggio’s baseball hitting streak ends at 56 games, by Cleveland Indian pitchers, Al Smith & Jim Bagby.
  • 1944 – Port Chicago disaster: Near the San Francisco Bay, two ships laden with ammunition for the war explode in Port Chicago, California, killing 320.
  • 1944 – World War II: Napalm incendiary bombs were dropped for the first time by American P-38 pilots on a fuel depot at Coutances, near St. Lô, France
  • 1945 – World War II: Potsdam Conference – At Potsdam, President Harry S. Truman, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, the three main Allied leaders, begin their final summit of the war. The meeting will end on August 2.
  • 1951 – Western New England College in Springfield, Massachusetts is chartered.
  • 1955 – Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California
  • 1962 – Nuclear testing: The “Small Boy” test shot Little Feller I becomes the last atmospheric test detonation at the Nevada Test Site.
  • 1968 – The date of the July 17Revolution in Iraq when Abdul Rahman Arif was overthrown and the Ba’ath Party installed as the governing power in Iraq with Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr as the new Iraqi President.
  • 1973 – King Mohammed Zahir Shah of Afghanistan is deposed by his cousin Mohammed Daoud Khan while in Italy undergoing eye surgery.
  • 1975 – Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: An American Apollo and a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft dock with each other in orbit marking the first such link-up between spacecraft from the two nations.
  • 1976 – History of East Timor: East Timor was annexed, and became the 27th province of Indonesia.
  • 1976 – The opening of the Summer Olympics is marred by 25 African teams boycotting the New Zealand team
  • 1979 – Nicaraguan president General Anastasio Somoza Debayle resigns and flees to Miami.
  • 1989 – First flight of the B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber.
  • 1996 – Off the coast of Long Island, New York, a Paris-bound Boeing 747 carrying TWA flight 800 explodes, killing all 230 on board.
  • 1997 – The F.W. Woolworth Company closes after 117 years in business.
  • 1998 – Papua New Guinea earthquake: A tsunami triggered by an undersea earthquake destroys 10 villages in Papua New Guinea killing an estimated 3,183, leaving 2,000 more unaccounted for and thousands more homeless.
  • 1998 – Biologists report in the journal Science how they sequenced the genome of the bacterium that causes syphilis, Treponema pallidum.
  • 2007 – TAM Airlines (TAM Linhas Aéreas) Flight 3054 crashed upon landing during rain in São Paulo. This is Brazil’s deadliest aviation accident to date with an estimated 199 deaths.

July 17 – Birthdays:

  • 1487 – Ismail I, Shah of Persia (d. 1524)
  • 1674 – Isaac Watts, English hymnwriter (d. 1748)
  • 1698 – Pierre Louis Maupertuis, French mathematician (d. 1759)
  • 1744 – Elbridge Gerry, 5th Vice President of the United States (d. 1814)
  • 1745 – Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (d. 1826)
  • 1763 – John Jacob Astor, American businessman (d. 1848)
  • 1797 – Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter (d. 1856)
  • 1831 – Xianfeng, Emperor of China (d. 1861)
  • 1839 – Ephraim Shay, American inventor (d. 1916)
  • 1888 – Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Israeli writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1898 – George Robert Vincent, American sound recording pioneer (d. 1985)
  • 1889 – Erle Stanley Gardner, American lawyer and author (Perry Mason) (d. 1970)
  • 1898 – Osmond Borradaile, WWI veteran and Canadian cinematographer (d. 1999)
  • 1899 – James Cagney, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Marcel Dalio, French actor (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – Luigi Chinetti, Italian-American race car driver and team owner (NART; d. 1994)
  • 1901 – Bruno Jasienski, Polish poet (d. 1938)
  • 1902 – Christina Stead, Australian novelist (d. 1983)
  • 1911 – Ted Anderson, English footballer (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Bertrand Goldberg, American architect (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Art Linkletter, Canadian television host (d. 2010)
  • 1917 – Phyllis Diller, American comedian
  • 1917 – Red Sovine, American country music singer (d. 1980)
  • 1917 – Lou Boudreau, Major League baseball player and manager (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, President of Guatemala (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Juan Antonio Samaranch, Spanish chairman of the International Olympic Committee
  • 1920 – Kenneth Wolstenholme, English sports commentator (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Gordon Gould, inventor of the laser (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – František Zvarík, Slovakian actor
  • 1923 – John Cooper, English race car designer (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Édouard Carpentier, French-born professional wrestler
  • 1928 – Vince Guaraldi, American musician and composer (d. 1976)
  • 1929 – Sergei K. Godunov, Russian mathematician
  • 1935 – Diahann Carroll, American actor
  • 1935 – Peter Schickele, American composer, author, and radio host
  • 1935 – Donald Sutherland, Canadian actor
  • 1939 – Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran
  • 1939 – Andrée Champagne, French Canadian actress and politician
  • 1939 – Spencer Davis, British singer and guitarist (Spencer Davis Group)
  • 1940 – Tim Brooke-Taylor, English comedian
  • 1941 – Daryle Lamonica, American football player
  • 1942 – Don Kessinger, baseball player
  • 1942 – Peter Sissons, British newsreader
  • 1944 – Carlos Alberto, Brazilian football player
  • 1944 – Catherine Schell, Hungarian born British actress
  • 1945 – Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
  • 1946 – Alun Armstrong, English actor
  • 1947 – Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
  • 1947 – Wolfgang Flür, German musician (Kraftwerk)
  • 1948 – Ron Asheton, American musician and composer (Iggy Pop & The Stooges)
  • 1948 – Luc Bondy, Swiss theatre and opera director
  • 1949 – Terence “Geezer” Butler, British musician and lyricist (Black Sabbath)
  • 1949 – Charlie Steiner, American sports broadcaster
  • 1951 – Lucie Arnaz, American actress
  • 1950 – Derek de Lint, Dutch actor
  • 1950 – P.J. Soles, German-born American actress
  • 1952 – David Hasselhoff, American actor and musician
  • 1952 – Phoebe Snow, singer and songwriter
  • 1952 – Nicolette Larson, American singer (d. 1997)
  • 1954 – Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany
  • 1954 – J. Michael Straczynski, American author
  • 1955 – Paul Stamets, American mycologist and environmentalist
  • 1956 – Bryan Trottier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1957 – Fern Britton, British television presenter
  • 1958 – Wong Kar-wai, Chinese film director
  • 1960 – Mark Burnett, English-born television producer
  • 1960 – Robin Shou, Hong Kong actor
  • 1960 – Jan Wouters, Dutch football player and manager
  • 1961 – Jonathan Potts, Canadian actor
  • 1963 – Matti Nykänen, Finnish ski jumper
  • 1963 – Letsie III, King of Lesotho
  • 1963 – John Ventimiglia, American actor
  • 1965 – Craig Morgan, American singer
  • 1965 – Alex Winter, English film director
  • 1965 – Santiago Segura, Spanish film director and actor
  • 1966 – Sten Tolgfors, Swedish politician
  • 1968 – Bitty Schram, American actress
  • 1970 – Mandy Smith, English model and singer
  • 1971 – Jarrett Cordes, American hip-hip artist (P.M. Dawn)
  • 1971 – Cory Doctorow, Canadian author and activist
  • 1972 – Jason Rullo, American drummer (Symphony X and formerly Redemption)
  • 1972 – Jaap Stam, Dutch footballer
  • 1973 – Michael Wilson, American Libratarion
  • 1973 – Eric Moulds, American football player
  • 1973 – Tony Dovolani, Albanian ballroom dancer
  • 1973 – Liam Kyle Sullivan, American comedian and actor
  • 1974 – Laura Macdonald, Scottish jazz musician
  • 1975 – Elena Anaya, Spanish actress
  • 1975 – Cécile de France, Belgian actress
  • 1975 – Paul Hinojos, American guitarist (At the Drive-In, The Mars Volta)
  • 1975 – Konnie Huq, English television presenter
  • 1975 – Terence Tao, Australian Chinese mathematician
  • 1975 – Gino D’Acampo, Italian celebrity chef
  • 1976 – Dagmara Dominczyk, Polish actress
  • 1976 – Eric Winter, American actor
  • 1976 – Matthew Holmes, Australian actor
  • 1977 – M.I.A., British rapper
  • 1977 – Lehmber Hussainpuri, Famous Indian Singer
  • 1977 – Marc Savard, Canadian hockey player
  • 1978 – Mike Hettinga, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Katharine Towne, American actress
  • 1979 – Mike Vogel, American actor
  • 1980 – Ryan Miller, NHL hockey player
  • 1980 – Javier Camuñas, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Elpida Romantzi, Greek archer
  • 1982 – Natasha Hamilton, British singer (Atomic Kitten)
  • 1983 – Ryan Guettler, professional Australian BMX rider
  • 1983 – Brooke Kinsella, British actress
  • 1983 – Adam Lind, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Sotiris Leontiou, Greek footballer
  • 1985 – Neil McGregor, Scottish footballer
  • 1985 – Tom Fletcher, British singer (McFly)
  • 1986 – Dana, Korean singer/dancer/actress (TSZX)
  • 1989 – Josie Lopez, American actress
  • 1989 – Marko Todorovic, Swiss swimmer
  • 1992 – Taavi Rand, Estonian ice skater
  • 1998 – Felipe Juan Froilán de Marichalar y de Borbón, Spanish royal

July 17 – Deaths:

  • 521 – Magnus Felix Ennodius, bishop and Latin poet (b. 474)
  • 656 – Uthman ibn Affan, Third Caliph, assassinated.
  • 924 – King Edward the Elder of England
  • 1070 – Baldwin VI, Count of Flanders (b. 1030)
  • 1453 – John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, English military leader
  • 1531 – Hosokawa Takakuni, Japanese military commander (b. 1484)
  • 1566 – Bartolomé de Las Casas, Spanish priest (b. 1484)
  • 1571 – Georg Fabricius, German poet and historian (b. 1516)
  • 1588 – Sinan, Ottoman architect (b. 1489)
  • 1645 – Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, Scottish politician
  • 1704 – Pierre-Charles Le Sueur, French fur trader and explorer
  • 1709 – Robert Bolling, English settler in Virginia (b. 1646)
  • 1790 – Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher (b. 1723)
  • 1791 – Martin Dobrizhoffer, Austrian Jesuit missionary (b. 1717)
  • 1793 – Charlotte Corday, French aristocrat and murderer (b. 1768)
  • 1794 – John Roebuck, British inventor (b. 1718)
  • 1845 – Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1764)
  • 1878 – Aleardo Aleardi, Italian poet (b. 1812)
  • 1881 – Jim Bridger, American mountain man, Indian fighter, and explorer (b. 1804)
  • 1885 – Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian politician (b. 1811)
  • 1887 – Dorothea Dix, American social activist (b. 1802)
  • 1893 – Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (b. 1833)
  • 1894 – Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist (b. 1810)
  • 1894 – Charles-Marie-René Leconte de Lisle, French poet (b. 1818)
  • 1907 – Hector Malot, French writer (b. 1830)
  • 1912 – Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (b. 1854)
  • 1918 – Family of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia (b. 1868):

o   Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna (b. 1872)

o   Grand Duchess Olga (b. 1895)

o   Grand Duchess Tatiana (b. 1897)

o   Grand Duchess Maria (b. 1899)

o   Grand Duchess Anastasia (b. 1901)

o   Tsarevich Alexei (b. 1904)

  • 1928 – Giovanni Giolitti, Italian statesman (b. 1842)
  • 1935 – George William Russell, Irish nationalist, poet and artist (b. 1867)
  • 1944 – William James Sidis, gifted mathematician and child prodigy (b. 1898)
  • 1945 – Ernst Busch, German field marshal (b. 1885)
  • 1946 – General Dragoljub Mihailovic, commandant of the Yugoslav Royal Army in the Fatherland (b. 1893)
  • 1950 – Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1865)
  • 1959 – Billie Holiday, American singer (b. 1915)
  • 1959 – Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (b. 1875)
  • 1961 – Ty Cobb, baseball player (b. 1886)
  • 1967 – John Coltrane, American musician (b. 1926)
  • 1974 – Dizzy Dean, Major League baseball pitcher (b. 1910)
  • 1975 – Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor (b. 1893)
  • 1980 – Boris Delaunay, Russian mathematician (b. 1890)
  • 1987 – Yujiro Ishihara, Japanese actor (b. 1934)
  • 1988 – Bruiser Brody, professional wrestler (b. 1946)
  • 1995 – Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Chas Chandler, bass guitarist (The Animals), record producer and manager (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Katharine Graham, American publisher (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – David Kelly, Welsh UN weapons inspector (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Pat Roach, British professional wrestler and actor (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Laurel Aitken, Jamaican singer (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Geraldine Fitzgerald, Irish-born actress (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Gavin Lambert, British-born screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Joe Vialls, Australian writer (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Sam Myers, American musician and songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Mickey Spillane, American author (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Júlio Redecker, Brazilian Politician (b. 1956)

July 17 – Holidays:

  • South Korea – Constitution Day.
  • Kyoto, Japan – Gion Matsuri.

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On This Day in History July 16

July 16 – Events:

  • 622 – The beginning of the Islamic calendar.
  • 1661 – The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco.
  • 1683 – Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
  • 1769 – Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego de Alcalá, the first mission in California. The mission later evolves into the city of San Diego.
  • 1782 – First performance of Mozart’s opera The Abduction from the Seraglio.
  • 1790 – The signing of the Residence Bill establishes a site along the Potomac River as the District of Columbia (seat of government).
  • 1862 – American Civil War: David G. Farragut becomes the first United States Navy rear admiral.
  • 1880 – Dr. Emily Howard Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
  • 1931 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.
  • 1941 – New York Yankees’ Joe DiMaggio gets a hit in his 56th consecutive game.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: Rafle du Vel’d’Hiv: The Vichy France government orders French police officers to round up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome. In 1995, president Jacques Chirac officially recognizes the French police’s responsibility.
  • 1945 – Manhattan Project: The Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon at the Trinity site near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
  • 1948 – The city of Nazareth, hometown of Jesus, capitulated to Israeli troops during Operation Dekel led by Ben Dunkelman, after little more than token resistance, during 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
  • 1951 – King Léopold III of Belgium abdicates in favour of his son, Baudouin I of Belgium.
  • 1955 – Original Disneyland park opens in Anaheim, California
  • 1957 – United States Marine Major John Glenn flies a F8U Crusader supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds setting a new transcontinental speed record.
  • 1965 – The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France with Italy opens.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 11 is launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida and will become the first manned space mission to land on the moon.
  • 1973 – Watergate Scandal: Former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield informs the United States Senate that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially-incriminating conversations.
  • 1979 – Iraqi President Hasan al-Bakr resigns and is replaced by Saddam Hussein.
  • 1981 – Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad becomes Malaysia’s 4th Prime Minister until retired on October 31, 2003.
  • Making him Asia’s longest-serving political leaders (22 years as Prime Minister of Malaysia).
  • 1983 – Sikorsky S-61 disaster: helicopter crash off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.
  • 1999 – John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are killed in a plane crash off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard. The Piper Saratoga aircraft was piloted by Kennedy.
  • 2004 – Millennium Park, considered the first and most ambitious architectural project in the early 21st century for Chicago, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.
  • 2007 – An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and aftershock of 6.6 occur off the Niigata coast, Japan, killing 8 people with at least 800 injured and damaging a nuclear power plant.

July 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1194 – Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (d. 1253)
  • 1486 – Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (d. 1530)
  • 1611 – Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1644)
  • 1714 – Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer (d. 1800)
  • 1722 – Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (d. 1803)
  • 1723 – Joshua Reynolds, English painter (d. 1792)
  • 1796 – Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, French painter (d. 1875)
  • 1821 – Mary Baker Eddy, American religious leader (d. 1910)
  • 1858 – Eugène Ysaÿe, Belgian violinist (d. 1931)
  • 1862 – Ida B. Wells, American civil rights activist (d. 1931)
  • 1870 – Lambert McKenna, Irish scholar (d. 1956)
  • 1872 – Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer (d. 1928)
  • 1883 – Charles Sheeler, American photographer and artist (d. 1965)
  • 1884 – Anna Vyrubova, Russian memoirist (d. 1964)
  • 1888 – Percy Kilbride, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1888 – Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
  • 1888 – “Shoeless” Joe Jackson, American baseball player (d. 1951)
  • 1889 – Larry Semon, American comedian (d. 1928)
  • 1896 – Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician, first United Nations Secretary General (d. 1968)
  • 1896 – Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German eugenicist and Nazi physician (d. 1969)
  • 1896 – Evelyn Preer, American actress (d. 1932)
  • 1902 – Alexander Luria, Russian psychologist (d. 1977)
  • 1903 – Carmen Lombardo, Canadian musician (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Mary Philbin, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – Fritz Bauer, German judge (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – Vincent Sherman, American film director (d. 2006)
  • 1907 – Frances Horwich, American educator and television personality (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Orville Redenbacher, American farmer and businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1911 – Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Sonny Tufts, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1912 – Milt Bocek, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Barnard Hughes, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Choi Kyuha, President of South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Chris Argyris, American educator
  • 1924 – Bess Myerson, American beauty queen
  • 1925 – Cal Tjader, American musician (d. 1982)
  • 1926 – Irwin Rose, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1928 – Anita Brookner, English novelist
  • 1928 – Robert Sheckley, American author (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – David C. Treen, American politician
  • 1928 – Ticho Parly, Danish tenor (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Michael Bilirakis, American politician
  • 1930 – Guy Béart, Egyptian-born French singer and songwriter
  • 1932 – Max McGee, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Dick Thornburgh, American politician
  • 1934 – Don Payne, American politician
  • 1936 – Buddy Merrill, American musician (The Lawrence Welk Show)
  • 1937 – Richard Bryan, American politician
  • 1938 – Tony Jackson, English bass player (The Searchers) (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Corin Redgrave, English actor
  • 1939 – Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director (d. 1995)
  • 1941 – Desmond Dekker, Jamaican musician (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Mišo Kovac, Croatian musician
  • 1942 – Margaret Court, Australian tennis player
  • 1943 – Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet (d. 1990)
  • 1946 – Barbara Lee, American politician
  • 1946 – Richard LeParmentier, American actor
  • 1946 – Ron Yary, American football player
  • 1947 – Alexis Herman, 23rd U.S. Secretary of Labor
  • 1947 – Assata Shakur, American activist
  • 1948 – Rubén Blades, Panamanian singer and actor
  • 1948 – Pinchas Zukerman, Israeli violinist
  • 1950 – Pierre Paradis, Quebec politician
  • 1950 – Dennis Priestley, English darts player
  • 1950 – Tom Terrell, musicologist, deejay
  • 1951 – Jean-Luc Mongrain, French-Canadian journalist
  • 1952 – Stewart Copeland, American drummer (The Police)
  • 1952 – Robert David Steele, American spy
  • 1953 – Douglas J. Feith, American Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
  • 1954 – Jeanette Mott Oxford, American politician
  • 1956 – Jerry Doyle, American actor
  • 1956 – Tony Kushner, American playwright
  • 1957 – Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer
  • 1958 – Michael Flatley, Irish-born American dancer
  • 1958 – Pierre Roland Renoir, Canadian artist
  • 1958 – Mike D. Rogers, American politician
  • 1959 – Gary Anderson, American football player
  • 1959 – Doug Herzog, American television executive
  • 1960 – Terry Pendleton, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Phoebe Cates, American actress
  • 1963 – Srecko Katanec, Slovenian footballer and coach
  • 1964 – Phil Hellmuth, American poker player
  • 1964 – Miguel Indurain, Spanish cyclist
  • 1965 – Claude Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Tina Tyler, Canadian porn star
  • 1966 – Johnny Vaughan, English writer and broadcaster
  • 1967 – Will Ferrell, American comedian
  • 1967 – Christopher Rocancourt, French con artist
  • 1968 – Dhanraj Pillay, Indian field hockey player
  • 1968 – Barry Sanders, American football player
  • 1968 – Larry Sanger, American co-founder of Wikipedia
  • 1969 – Kathryn Harby-Williams, Australian netballer
  • 1969 – Daryl Mitchell, American actor
  • 1969 – Rain Pryor, American actress
  • 1970 – Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thai film director
  • 1971 – Edward Kowalczyk, American singer (Live)
  • 1971 – Corey Feldman, American actor
  • 1973 – Stefano Garzelli, Italian cyclist
  • 1973 – Shaun Pollock, South African cricketer
  • 1973 – Tim Ryan, American politician
  • 1973 – Graham Robertson, American filmmaker and author
  • 1974 – Jeremy Enigk, American singer/songwriter and guitarist (Sunny Day Real Estate, The Fire Theft)
  • 1974 – Chris Pontius, American actor and Jackass cast member
  • 1974 – Wendell Sailor, Australian rugby league and union footballer
  • 1975 – Bas Leinders, Belgian racing car driver
  • 1975 – Ana Paula Arósio, Brazilian actress
  • 1975 – Jamie Oliver, Welsh keyboardist
  • 1976 – Bobby Lashley, American professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Carlos Humberto Paredes, Paraguyan footballer
  • 1976 – Anna Smashnova, Israeli tennis player
  • 1976 – Tomasz Kuchar, Polish rally driver
  • 1977 – Bryan Budd, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 2006)
  • 1978 – Taj Anwar, Hip- Hop Activist
  • 1979 – Jayma Mays, American actress
  • 1979 – Chris Mihm, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Jesse Jane, American pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Adam Scott, Australian golfer
  • 1982 – Michael Umaña, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1984 – Katrina Kaif, Indian Actress
  • 1984 – Hayanari Shimoda, Japanese racing driver
  • 1986 – Calum Gittins, New Zealand actor
  • 1989 – Gareth Bale, Welsh footballer
  • 1991 – Randall Bentley, American actor
  • 1994 – Mark Indelicato, American singer and actor

July 16 – Deaths:

  • 1324 – Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (b. 1267)
  • 1342 – King Charles I of Hungary
  • 1546 – Anne Askew, English Protestant (burned at the stake) (b. 1521)
  • 1557 – Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII of England (b. 1515)
  • 1594 – Thomas Kyd, author of The Spanish Tragedy (b. 1558)
  • 1647 – Masaniello, Neapolitan rebel (b. 1622)
  • 1664 – Andreas Gryphius, German writer (b. 1616)
  • 1686 – John Pearson, English theologian (b. 1612)
  • 1691 – François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, French war minister (b. 1641)
  • 1729 – Johann David Heinichen, German composer (b. 1683)
  • 1747 – Giuseppe Maria Crespi, Italian painter (b. 1665)
  • 1770 – Francis Cotes, English painter (b. 1726)
  • 1796 – George Howard, British field marshal (b. 1718)
  • 1831 – Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
  • 1879 – Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (b. 1800)
  • 1882 – Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (b. 1818)
  • 1886 – Ned Buntline, American pulp novelist (b. 1823)
  • 1896 – Edmond Goncourt, French writer and critic (b. 1822)
  • 1915 – Ellen White, American co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1827)
  • 1916 – Ilya Mechnikov, Russian microbiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1845)
  • 1917 – Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer (b. 1847)
  • 1947 – Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish humanitarian (exact date of death uncertain) (b. 1912)
  • 1949 – Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian poet (b. 1866)
  • 1953 – Hilaire Belloc, English writer (b. 1870)
  • 1960 – Albert Kesselring, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1960 – John P. Marquand, American novelist (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat assassinated in 1976 by the Chilean DINA
  • 1979 – Alfred Deller, English countertenor (b. 1912)
  • 1981 – Harry Chapin, American musician (b. 1942)
  • 1982 – Patrick Dewaere, French actor (b. 1947)
  • 1985 – Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1985 – Wayne King, American musician, songwriter and bandleader (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (b. 1927)
  • 1990 – Sidney Torch, English composer, conductor and organist (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Frank Rizzo, American politician (b. 1920
  • 1992 – Buck Buchanan, American football player (b. 1940)
  • 1994 – Julian Schwinger, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Marcel-Marie Desmarais, French Canadian priest, writer, preacher and broadcaster (b.  1908)
  • 1995 – May Sarton, Belgian-born American poet (b. 1912)
  • 1995 – Stephen Spender, English poet (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – John Panozzo, American musician (Styx) (b. 1948)
  • 1996 – Adolf von Thadden, German politician, (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – John Henrik Clarke, American historian and scholar (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Maurice De Bevere, Belgian cartoonist (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Terry Gordy, American professional wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 2002 – John Cocke, American computer scientist (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Celia Cruz, Cuban musician (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Carol Shields, Canadian author (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – George Busbee, Governor of Georgia (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Prince Gu of Korea (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Camillo Felgen, Luxembourgish singer, lyricist, and entertainer (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Bob Orton, Sr., American professional wrestler (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas (b. 1948)

July 16 – Holidays:

  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel
  • Saint Helier, hermit, martyr
  • Saint Gondulph, bishop of Tongeren, confessors

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On This Day in History July 15

July 15 – Events:

  • 1099 – First Crusade: Christian soldiers take Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final assault of a difficult siege.
  • 1207 – John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton.
  • 1240 – A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.
  • 1381 – John Ball, a leader in the Peasants’ Revolt, hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England.
  • 1410 – Battle of Grunwald, allied forces of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeat the army of the Teutonic Order.
  • 1685 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill, England after his defeat at the Battle of Sedgemore on 6 July 1685.
  • 1741 – Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends some men aboard in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska.
  • 1789 – Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, by acclamation, named colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris.
  • 1799 – Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta, by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard.
  • 1806 – Pike expedition: Near St. Louis, Missouri, United States Army Lieutenant Zebulon Pike begins an expedition from Fort Belle Fountaine to explore the west.
  • 1815 – Napoléon Bonaparte surrenders from aboard HMS Bellerophon.
  • 1823 – A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.
  • 1870 – Post-American-Civil-War Reconstruction: Georgia becomes the last of the former Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union.
  • 1870 – Rupert’s Land and the North-Western Territory are transferred to Canada from the Hudson’s Bay Company, and the province of Manitoba and the North-West Territories are established from these vast territories.
  • 1870 – The Kingdom of Prussia and the Second French Empire commence the Franco-Prussian War
  • 1916 – In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing and George Conrad Westervelt incorporate Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing).
  • 1918 – World War I: Second Battle of the Marne – The battle begins near the River Marne with a German attack.
  • 1927 – Massacre of July 15, 1927: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police in Vienna.
  • 1929 – First weekly radio broadcast of Mormon Tabernacle Choir radio show, Music and the Spoken Word.
  • 1931 – Kid Chocolate becomes Cuba’s first world boxing champion.
  • 1954 – First flight of the Boeing 707, the first American jet passenger airliner.
  • 1955 – Eighteen Nobel laureates signed the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others.
  • 1959 – The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
  • 1974 – In Nicosia, Cyprus, Greek-sponsored nationalists launch a coup d’état, deposing President Makarios and installing Nikos Sampson as Cypriot president.
  • 1979 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter gives his famous “malaise” speech, where he characterizes the greatest threat to the country as “this crisis in the growing doubt about the meaning of our own lives and in the loss of a unity of purpose for our nation.”
  • 1996 – A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport.
  • 1997 – In Miami, Florida, serial killer Andrew Phillip Cunanan guns down Gianni Versace outside his home.
  • 2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and for the possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.
  • 2002 – Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan gave the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three other suspects in murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
  • 2003 – AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.
  • 2004 – The BBC airs the documentary The Secret Agent, exposing racism by members of the British National Party.

July 15 – Birthdays:

  • 1273 – Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (d. 1352)
  • 1353 – Vladimir the Bold, Russian prince (d. 1410)
  • 1458 – Juan Ponce de Leon, Spanish Explorer (d. 1521)
  • 1471 – Eskender, Emperor of Ethiopia (d. 1494)
  • 1553 – Archduke Ernest of Austria (d. 1595)
  • 1573 – Inigo Jones, English architect (d. 1652)
  • 1606 – Rembrandt, Dutch artist (d. 1669)
  • 1631 – Jens Juel, Danish diplomat (d. 1700)
  • 1704 – August Gottlieb Spangenberg, German religious leader (d. 1792)
  • 1737 – Princess Louise-Marie of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d. 1787)
  • 1779 – Clement Clarke Moore, American educator, author, and poet (d. 1863)
  • 1796 – Thomas Bulfinch, American mythologist (d. 1867)
  • 1808 – Henry Edward Cardinal Manning, English Catholic archbishop (d. 1892)
  • 1812 – James Hope-Scott, English barrister (d. 1873)
  • 1837 – Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, queen of Portugal (d. 1859)
  • 1848 – Vilfredo Pareto, Italian economist and sociologist (d. 1923)
  • 1851 – Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (d. 1889)
  • 1850 – Mother Cabrini, Italian-born Catholic saint (d. 1917)
  • 1864 – Marie Tempest, English singer and actress (d. 1942)
  • 1865 – Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1870 – Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov, Russian publisher and politician (d. 1922)
  • 1871 – Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer (d. 1908)
  • 1892 – Walter Benjamin, German literary critic and writer (d. 1940)
  • 1894 – Tadeusz Sendzimir, Polish-American engineer and inventor (d. 1989)
  • 1899 – Seán Lemass, Irish leader (d. 1971)
  • 1902 – Jean Rey, Belgian politician and President of the European Commission {d. 1983)
  • 1903 – Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian politician (d. 1975)
  • 1904 – Rudolf Arnheim, German-born author (d. 2007)
  • 1905 – Dorothy Fields, American librettist and lyricist (d. 1974)
  • 1906 – Rudolf “Rudi” Uhlenhaut, German automotive engineer and test driver (Mercedes Benz) (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Edward Shackleton, English explorer (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Cowboy Copas, American country singer (d. 1963)
  • 1913 – Dorothy Schwartz, American violinist (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Hammond Innes, English writer (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Howard Vernon, Swiss actor (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Bertram N. Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Iris Murdoch, Irish writer (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Robert Bruce Merrifield, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1921 – Henri Colpi, French film director (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Leon M. Lederman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1925 – Philip Carey, American actor
  • 1926 – Driss Chraïbi, Moroccan author
  • 1926 – Leopoldo Galtieri, Argentine dictator (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Carl Woese, American microbiologist
  • 1929 – Charles Anthony, American tenor
  • 1930 – Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Stephen Smale, American mathematician
  • 1930 – Richard Garneau, French Canadian sports journalist
  • 1931 – Clive Cussler, American author
  • 1932 – Ed Litzenberger, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1933 – Julian Bream, English guitarist and lutenist
  • 1933 – Guido Crepax, Italian comics artist (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Harrison Birtwistle, English composer
  • 1934 – Risto Jarva, Finnish filmmaker (d. 1977)
  • 1935 – Donn Clendenon, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Ken Kercheval, American actor
  • 1935 – Alex Karras, American football player and actor
  • 1938 – Ernie Barnes, American artist and football player
  • 1939 – Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal and former Prime Minister
  • 1939 – Patrick Wayne, American actor
  • 1941 – Denis Héroux, French Canadian film director and producer
  • 1942 – Mil Mascaras, Mexican professional wrestler
  • 1943 – Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Irish astrophysicist
  • 1944 – Millie Jackson, American singer
  • 1944 – Jan-Michael Vincent, American actor
  • 1945 – Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
  • 1946 – Linda Ronstadt, American singer
  • 1946 – Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei
  • 1947 – Peter Banks, British guitarist (Yes)
  • 1948 – Artimus Pyle, American drummer (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
  • 1949 – Carl Bildt, Swedish politician
  • 1949 – Trevor Horn, British music producer
  • 1950 – Arianna Huffington, Greek-born newspaper columnist
  • 1951 – Jesse Ventura, professional wrestler and former Governor of Minnesota
  • 1952 – Johnny Thunders, American musician (d. 1991)
  • 1952 – Terry O’Quinn, American actor
  • 1952 – Judy McGrath, American television executive
  • 1953 – Jean-Bertrand Aristide, former President of Haiti
  • 1953 – John Denham, British politician
  • 1954 – Mario Kempes, Argentine football player
  • 1956 – Ian Curtis, British musician (d. 1980)
  • 1956 – Barry Melrose, Canadian hockey player, coach, and commentator
  • 1956 – Marky Ramone, American musician (The Ramones)
  • 1956 – Joe Satriani, American guitarist
  • 1956 – Wayne Taylor, South African race car driver
  • 1958 – Gary Heale, former professional English soccer player
  • 1958 – Mac Thornberry, American politician
  • 1959 – Vincent Lindon, French actor
  • 1959 – Shep Pettibone, American record producer
  • 1960 – Kim Alexis, American supermodel and actress
  • 1960 – Willie Aames, American actor
  • 1961 – Scott Ritter, UN weapons inspector in Iraq
  • 1961 – Forest Whitaker, American actor
  • 1961 – Lolita Davidovich, Canadian-born actress
  • 1963 – Steve Thomas, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Brigitte Nielsen, Danish-born actress
  • 1965 – David Miliband, British politician
  • 1966 – Jason Bonham, English drummer; son of John Bonham
  • 1966 – Irène Jacob, French-born Swiss actress
  • 1967 – Adam Savage, American actor
  • 1968 – Eddie Griffin, American comedian
  • 1968 – Stan Kirsch, American actor
  • 1970 – Chi Cheng, American musician
  • 1971 – Danijela, Croatian singer
  • 1972 – Scott Foley, American actor
  • 1972 – Beth Ostrosky, American model
  • 1973 – John Dolmayan, Lebanese-born drummer (System of a Down)
  • 1973 – Brian Austin Green, American actor
  • 1973 – W. Lane Startin, American author and politician
  • 1974 – Chot Ulep, Filipino musician
  • 1975 – Ben Pepper, Australian basketball player
  • 1976 – Jim Jones, Puerto Rican rapper
  • 1976 – Diane Kruger, German actress and former fashion model
  • 1977 – Ray Toro, American musician (My Chemical Romance)
  • 1977 – Kitana Baker, American model (Miller Light Catfight commercial)
  • 1977 – Faraz Anwar, Pakistani guitarist (Mizraab)
  • 1977 – Lana Parrilla, American actress
  • 1978 – Miguel Olivo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – Charles Zwolsman, Dutch racing driver
  • 1979 – Laura Benanti, American musical theatre actress
  • 1980 – Jonathan Cheechoo, professional ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Jasper Pääkkönen, Finnish actor and film producer
  • 1982 – Haley Scarnato, American American Idol contestant
  • 1983 – Nelson Merlo, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1984 – Vice Cooler, American musician
  • 1989 – Tristan Wilds, American actor
  • 1992 – Koharu Kusumi, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)

July 15 – Deaths:

  • 1085 – Robert Guiscard, French adventurer (b. c.1015)
  • 1262 – Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (b. 1222)
  • 1274 – Bonaventure, Italian theologian and saint (b. 1221)
  • 1291 – Rudolph I of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1218)
  • 1381 – John Ball, English priest
  • 1406 – Duke William of Austria (b. c.1370)
  • 1410 – Ulrich von Jungingen, German Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (killed in battle) (b. 1360)
  • 1521 – Juan Ponce de León, Spanish Explorer (b. 1458)
  • 1544 – René of Châlon, Prince of the House of Orange (b. 1519)
  • 1571 – Shimazu Takahisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1514)
  • 1609 – Annibale Carracci, Italian painter (b. 1560)
  • 1614 – Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur de Brantôme, French historian and biographer (b. c.1540)
  • 1655 – Girolamo Rainaldi, Italian architect (b. 1570)
  • 1685 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II of England (b. 1649)
  • 1750 – Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman (b. 1686)
  • 1765 – Charles-André van Loo, French painter (b. 1705)
  • 1767 – Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (b. 1746)
  • 1789 – Jacques Duphly, French composer (b. 1715)
  • 1828 – Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (b. 1741)
  • 1839 – Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English poet (b. 1802)
  • 1844 – Claude Charles Fauriel, French historian (b. 1772)
  • 1857 – Carl Czerny, Austrian composer (b. 1791)
  • 1890 – Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (b. 1819)
  • 1898 – Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1825)
  • 1904 – Anton Chekhov, Russian writer (b. 1860)
  • 1919 – Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1929 – Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian writer (b. 1874)
  • 1930 – Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist and composer (b. 1845)
  • 1931 – Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian economist (b. 1868)
  • 1932 – Cornelis Jacobus Langenhoven, Foremost promoters (b. 1873)
  • 1933 – Irving Babbitt, American literary critic (b. 1865)
  • 1933 – Freddie Keppard, American musician (b. 1890)
  • 1940 – Robert Wadlow, American–at 8 ft. 11.1 in, the tallest human ever known (b. 1918)
  • 1944 – Marie-Victorin, French Canadian Christian Brother and botanist (b. 1885)
  • 1946 – Razor Smith, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1947 – Walter Donaldson, American songwriter (b. 1893)
  • 1948 – John J. Pershing, U.S. general (b. 1860)
  • 1953 – Servant of God Archbishop Mar Ivanios (b.1882)
  • 1957 – James M. Cox, American politician (b. 1870)
  • 1957 – Vasily Maklakov, Russian orator and liberal politician (b. 1869)
  • 1959 – Ernest Bloch, Swiss composer (b. 1880)
  • 1960 – Lawrence Tibbett, American actor (b. 1896)
  • 1960 – Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (b. 1897)
  • 1961 – John E. Brownlee, Canadian politician (b. 1884)
  • 1965 – Francis Cherry, American politician (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Christine Chubbuck, television news reporter (b.1944)
  • 1979 – Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, President of Mexico (b. 1911)
  • 1982 – Bill Justis, American musician and producer (b. 1926)
  • 1986 – Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (b. 1923)
  • 1989 – Laurie Cunningham, English footballer (b. 1956)
  • 1990 – Margaret Lockwood, British actress (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Bert Convy, American actor (b. 1933)
  • 1992 – Chingiz Mustafayev, Azerbaijan’s most noted journalist (b. 1960)
  • 1992 – Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (b. 1922)
  • 1993 – David Brian, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Bobby Kent, alleged Florida bully murdered by his friends (b. 1973)
  • 1996 – Dana Hill, American actress (b. 1964)
  • 1997 – Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer (b. 1946)
  • 2000 – Louis Quilico, Canadian baritone (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Roberto Bolaño, Chilean writer (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Tex Schramm, American football team president and general manager (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Celia Cruz, Queen of Salsa and famous Afro-Cuban vocalist (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Robert H. Brooks, founder of Hooters of America (b. 1937)

July 15 – Holidays:

  • Palermo, Sicily – Festival of Santa Rosalia.
  • Japan – Third day of Obon feast period.

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On This Day in History July 14

July 14 – Events:

  • 1223 – In France, Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
  • 1698 – The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
  • 1769 – The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
  • 1771 – Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junípero Serra.
  • 1789 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.
  • 1790 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
  • 1791 – The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
  • 1798 – The Sedition Act becomes United States law making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
  • 1865 – First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom died on the descent.
  • 1902 – The Campanile in St Mark’s Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • 1933 – Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
  • 1943 – In Joplin, Missouri, George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of a black American.
  • 1948 – Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
  • 1958 – Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Kassem becomes the nation’s new leader.
  • 1965 – Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
  • 1969 – Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer game against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers.
  • 1969 – The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
  • 2002 – During Bastille Day celebrations, French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed.
  • 2007 – Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

July 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1454 – Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
  • 1602 – Jules Mazarin, French statesman and cardinal (d. 1661)
  • 1608 – George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
  • 1610 – Ferdinando II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • 1634 – Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • 1671 – Jacques D’Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1675 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
  • 1676 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
  • 1696 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
  • 1721 – John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1743 – Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • 1785 – Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (d. 1851)
  • 1801 – Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1816 – Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1829 – Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1896)
  • 1858 – Emmeline Pankhurst, English suffragette (d. 1928)
  • 1859 – Willy Hess, German violinist (d. 1928)
  • 1860 – Owen Wister, American author (d. 1938)
  • 1862 – Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
  • 1865 – Arthur Capper, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1951)
  • 1868 – Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator (d. 1926)
  • 1874 – Khedive Abbas II of Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1885 – King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
  • 1891 – Alexander M. Volkov, Russian novelist and mathematician (d. 1977)
  • 1893 – Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
  • 1896 – Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
  • 1898 – A. B. “Happy” Chandler, American politician and baseball commissioner (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Gerald Finzi, British composer (d. 1956)
  • 1903 – Irving Stone, American writer (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Tom Carvel, Greek-born businessman and inventor (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – William Hanna, American animator (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Terry-Thomas, British actor (d. 1990)
  • 1912 – Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – Woody Guthrie, American folk musician (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr., 38th President of the United States (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film and theatre director (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Arthur Laurents, American playwright, novelist, and director
  • 1919 – Lino Ventura, Italian-born actor (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Leon Garfield, English children’s author (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard
  • 1923 – Dale Robertson, American actor
  • 1924 – James W. Black, Scottish pharmacologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1926 – Harry Dean Stanton, American actor
  • 1927 – John Chancellor, American television commentator (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Nancy Olson, American actress
  • 1930 – Polly Bergen, American actress
  • 1932 – Roosevelt Grier, American football player and actor
  • 1933 – Robert Bourassa, Quebec politician (d. 1996)
  • 1937 – Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • 1938 – Jerry Rubin, American activist (d. 1994)
  • 1939 – Karel Gott, Czech singer
  • 1939 – Sid Haig, American actor
  • 1939 – George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
  • 1941 – Maulana Karenga, American author and activist
  • 1941 – Andreas Khol, Austrian politician
  • 1942 – Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • 1943 – Christopher Priest, English novelist
  • 1944 – Billy McCool, baseball player
  • 1946 – Vincent Pastore, American actor
  • 1946 – John Wood, Australian actor
  • 1947 – Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer
  • 1950 – Gwen Guthrie, American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1951 – Erich Hallhuber, German actor (d. 2003)
  • 1952 – Franklin Graham, American evangelist
  • 1952 – Eric Laneuville, American director, Actor, Producer
  • 1952 – Joel Silver, American film producer
  • 1956 – Vladimir Kulich, Czech actor
  • 1958 – Joe Keenan, American screenwriter, television producer and novelist.
  • 1960 – Jane Lynch, American actress
  • 1960 – Anna Bligh, Australian politician
  • 1961 – Jackie Earle Haley, American actor
  • 1962 – Jeff Olson, American musician
  • 1963 – Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist
  • 1966 – Tanya Donelly, American musician (Belly)
  • 1966 – Ellen Reid, Canadian musician (Crash Test Dummies)
  • 1966 – Matthew Fox, American actor
  • 1966 – Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator
  • 1967 – Robin Ventura, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Patrick J. Kennedy, politician
  • 1971 – Mark LoMonaco, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Joey Styles, American wrestling commentator
  • 1971 – Marie-Chantal Toupin, French Canadian singer
  • 1972 – Deborah Mailman, Australian actress
  • 1973 – Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
  • 1973 – Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player
  • 1973 – Candela Peña, Spanish actress
  • 1974 – David Mitchell, English comedian and actor
  • 1975 – Taboo, American rapper
  • 1975 – Tim Hudson, baseball player
  • 1976 – Geraint Jones, English cricketer
  • 1977 – Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
  • 1979 – Bernie Castro, baseball player
  • 1979 – Axel Teichmann, German cross-country skier
  • 1980 – George Smith, Australian Rugby player
  • 1981 – Lee Mead, English actor
  • 1983 – Wesley Dening, Australian TV personality
  • 1987 – Adam Johnson, English footballer
  • 1988 – James Vaughan, English footballer

July 14 – Deaths:

  • 664 – Deusdedit of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 937 – Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1223 – King Philip II of France (b. 1165)
  • 1575 – Richard Taverner, English Bible translator
  • 1614 – Camillus de Lellis, Italian saint (b. 1550)
  • 1671 – Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (b. 1599)
  • 1723 – Claude Fleury, French historian (b. 1640)
  • 1742 – Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1766 – František Maxmilián Kanka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
  • 1774 – James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
  • 1780 – Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
  • 1789 – Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (assassinated) (b. 1721)
  • 1789 – Bernard-René de Launay, governor of the Bastille, murdered during the Storming of the Bastille (b.1740)
  • 1790 – Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
  • 1817 – Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Swiss author (b. 1766)
  • 1827 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • 1834 – Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
  • 1850 – August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1876 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (b. 1816)
  • 1881 – Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859?)
  • 1904 – Paul Kruger, Boer resistance leader (b. 1824)
  • 1907 – William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1910 – Marius Petipa, French dancer and choreographer (b. 1818)
  • 1917 – Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
  • 1939 – Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter, decorative artist (b. 1860)
  • 1954 – Jacinto Benavente, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1965 – Adlai Stevenson, United States Presidential candidate (b. 1900)
  • 1967 – Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (b. 1891)
  • 1975 – Madan Mohan, Hindi Film’s Melodious Music director (b. 1924)
  • 1984 – Ernest Tidyman, American writer (b. 1928)
  • 1984 – Philippe Wynne, American musician (b. 1941)
  • 1989 – Frank Bell, British educator (b. 1916)
  • 1993 – Léo Ferré, French singer and songwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1994 – César Tovar, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Jeff Krosnoff, CART driver (b. 1964)
  • 2000 – William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (b. 1944)
  • 2002 – Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
  • 2003 – Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – François-Albert Angers, French Canadian economist (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Cicely Saunders, English Nurse, physician, and writer (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – John Ferguson Sr., former professional hockey player (b. 1938)

July 14 – Holidays:

  • France and all French dependencies – Bastille Day.
  • Sweden – Birthday of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, an official flag day.

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On This Day in History July 13

July 13 – Events:

  • 1174 – William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by  forces loyal to Henry II of England.
  • 1558 – Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
  • 1573 – Eighty Years’ War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.
  • 1643 – English Civil War: Battle of Roundway Down – In England, Lord Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, commanding the Royalist forces, wins a crushing victory over the Parliamentarian Sir William Waller.
  • 1787 – The Continental Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance establishing governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also establishes procedures for the admission of new states and limits the expansion of slavery.
  • 1794 – Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • 1854 – In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
  • 1863 – New York Draft Riots: In New York City, opponents of conscription begin three days of rioting which will be later regarded as the worst in United States history.
  • 1878 – Treaty of Berlin: The European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman empire.
  • 1919 – The British airship R34 lands in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.
  • 1923 – The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads “Hollywoodland ” but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
  • 1941 – World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • 1973 – Alexander Butterfield reveals the existence of the Nixon tapes to the special Senate committee investigating the Watergate break in.
  • 1985 – The Live Aid benefit concert takes place in London and Philadelphia, as well as other venues such as Sydney and Moscow.
  • 1985 – Vice President George H.W. Bush became the Acting President for the day when President Ronald Reagan underwent surgery to remove polyps from his colon.

July 13 – Birthdays:

  • 100 BC – Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader (d. 44 BC) (born either July 12 or July 13)
  • 40 AD – Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman Governor of Britain (d. 93 AD)
  • 1527 – John Dee, English scientist (d. 1609)
  • 1579 – Arthur Dee, English physician (d. 1651)
  • 1590 – Pope Clement X (d. 1676)
  • 1607 – Václav Hollar, Czech-born artist (d. 1677)
  • 1608 – Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1657)
  • 1745 – Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)
  • 1770 – Alexander Balashov, Russian general (d. 1837)
  • 1776 – Caroline of Baden, queen of Bavaria (d. 1841)
  • 1793 – John Clare, English poet (d. 1864)
  • 1798 – Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1821 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate cavalry officer, and founder of the original Ku Klux Klan (d. 1877)
  • 1841 – Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • 1858 – Stewart Culin, American ethnographer (d. 1929)
  • 1859 – Sidney Webb, British socialist (d. 1947)
  • 1864 – John Jacob Astor IV, American entrepreneur (d. 1912)
  • 1889 – Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (d. 1940)
  • 1895 – Sidney Blackmer, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
  • 1898 – Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
  • 1900 – George Lewis, American musician (d. 1969)
  • 1901 – Eric Portman, English stage and film actor (d. 1969)
  • 1905 – Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Dave Garroway, American television host (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Alberto Ascari, Italian race car driver, and two-time F1 world champion (d. 1955)
  • 1920 – Bill Towers, English footballer (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Git Gay, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Ernest Gold, Austrian composer (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Ken Mosdell, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Anker Jørgensen, Danish Prime Minister, Democratic Socialist
  • 1924 – Carlo Bergonzi, Italian singer
  • 1924 – Michel Constantin, French film actor (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Simone Veil, French politician
  • 1928 – Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Bob Crane, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1928 – Leroy Vinnegar, American jazz bassist
  • 1929 – Sofia Muratova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1931 – Frank Ramsey, American basketball player
  • 1932 – Hubert Reeves, Canadian astrophysicist
  • 1933 – Patsy Byrne, English actress
  • 1934 – Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 – Aleksei Yeliseyev, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1935 – Jack Kemp, American football player and politician
  • 1936 – Albert Ayler, American musician (d. 1970)
  • 1940 – Patrick Stewart, English actor
  • 1941 – Robert Forster, American actor
  • 1941 – Jacques Perrin, French actor and filmmaker
  • 1942 – Harrison Ford, American actor
  • 1942 – Roger McGuinn, American musician
  • 1944 – Erno Rubik, Hungarian inventor
  • 1946 – Cheech Marin, American actor
  • 1948 – Catherine Breillat, French director and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Daphne Maxwell Reid, Actress
  • 1950 – George “Pinky” Nelson, American astronaut
  • 1950 – Ma Ying-jeou, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang(KMT)
  • 1951 – Rob Bishop, American politician
  • 1953 – Mila Mulroney, wife of former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney
  • 1954 – Sezen Aksu, Turkish singer
  • 1954 – Rick Chartraw, American ice hockey player
  • 1954 – Louise Mandrell, American musician
  • 1954 – David Thompson, American basketball player
  • 1956 – Claude Giroux, Canadian midget wrestler
  • 1956 – Michael Spinks, American former boxer
  • 1957 – Thierry Boutsen, Belgian racing driver
  • 1957 – Cameron Crowe, American film director
  • 1957 – Phil Margera, father of Bam Margera
  • 1959 – Richard Leman, English field hockey player
  • 1960 – Ian Hislop, English writer, editor of Private Eye
  • 1961 – Stelios Manolas, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Tim Watson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1962 – Tom Kenny, American voice actor
  • 1962 – Rhonda Vincent, American singer
  • 1963 – Neal Foulds, English snooker player
  • 1963 – Spud Webb, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Gerald Levert, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Benny Benassi, Italian disc jockey
  • 1967 – Dean Barnett, American Conservative blogger
  • 1968 – Robert Gant, American actor
  • 1969 – Mark Greenway, British vocalist
  • 1969 – Kakhi Kakhiashvili, Georgian-born Greek weightlifter
  • 1969 – Oleg Serebrian, Moldovan politician and political scientist
  • 1970 – Barry Pinches, English snooker player
  • 1972 – Sean Waltman, American wrestler
  • 1973 – Ariel Silvio Zárate, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Deborah Cox, Canadian R&B singer
  • 1974 – Jarno Trulli, Italian race car driver
  • 1975 – Danni Boatwright, American model, sports caster, and Survivor contestant
  • 1976 – Al Santos, American model and actor
  • 1976 – Sheldon Souray, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Ashley Scott, American actress
  • 1979 – Craig Bellamy, Welsh footballer
  • 1982 – Christopher Bauman, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1982 – Joost van den Broek, Dutch keyboard player (After Forever)
  • 1982 – Simon Clist, English footballer
  • 1982 – Yadier Molina, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1983 – Liu Xiang, Chinese hurdling athlete
  • 1985 – Guillermo Ochoa, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Patch Kientz, American Artist
  • 1989 – Sayumi Michishige, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1992 – Dylan Patton, American actor
  • 1994 – Ridge Canipe, American actor

July 13 – Deaths:

  • 939 – Pope Leo VII
  • 1189 – Matilda of England, daughter of Henry II of England (b. 1156)
  • 1205 – Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and Justicier of England
  • 1357 – Bartolus de Saxoferrato Italian jurist (b. 1313)
  • 1399 – Peter Parler, German architect (b. 1330)
  • 1402 – Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)
  • 1551 – John Wallop, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)
  • 1621 – Archduke Albert of Austria, Governor of the Low Countries (b. 1559)
  • 1626 – Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (b. 1563)
  • 1628 – Robert Shirley, English adventurer (b. 1581)
  • 1629 – Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Swedish physician and theologian (b. 1585)
  • 1645 – Tsar Michael I of Russia (b. 1596)
  • 1683 – Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)
  • 1693 – Hendrik Trajectinus, Count of Solms, Dutch lieutenant-general (b. 1636)
  • 1705 – Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator (b. 1649)
  • 1755 – Edward Braddock, British general
  • 1760 – Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania’s ambassador to the Native Americans (b. 1696)
  • 1761 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)
  • 1762 – James Bradley, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1693)
  • 1789 – Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist (b. 1715)
  • 1793 – Jean-Paul Marat, French revolutionary (b. 1743)
  • 1807 – Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
  • 1882 – Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)
  • 1889 – Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
  • 1890 – John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)
  • 1896 – Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German chemist (b. 1829)
  • 1921 – Gabriel Lippmann, Luxembourg scientist (b. 1845)
  • 1922 – Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
  • 1946 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (b. 1864)
  • 1951 – Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
  • 1954 – Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (b. 1907)
  • 1955 – Ruth Ellis, last woman to get the death sentence in Britain (b. 1926)
  • 1960 – Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
  • 1967 – Tom Simpson, British cyclist (b. 1937)
  • 1973 – Willy Fritsch, German film actor (b. 1901)
  • 1974 – Patrick Blackett, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1884)
  • 1976 – Joachim Peiper, German military leader (SS, by assassination; b. 1915,)
  • 1979 – Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and graphic artist (1913)
  • 1980 – Seretse Khama, first President of Botswana (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Davey Allison, American race car driver (b. 1961)
  • 1995 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – Pandro S. Berman, American film producer (b. 1905)
  • 1997 – Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Arthur Kane, American musician (b. 1949)
  • 2004 – Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Red Buttons, American comedian (b. 1919)
  • 2010 – George Steinbrenner, NY Yankees owner (b. 1930)

July 13-Holidays

  • Bon Festival – Buddhist festival to honor the dead (East Japan)

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On This Day in History July 12

July 12 – Events:

  • 1191 – Saladin’s garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city’s walls and towers.
  • 1543 – King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.
  • 1580 – Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
  • 1690 – Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) – The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II.
  • 1691 – Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) – The decisive victory of William’s forces in Ireland.
  • 1790 – The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Assembly.
  • 1804 – Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel with Vice President Aaron Burr.
  • 1806 – Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: The United States invades Canada at Windsor, Ontario.
  • 1862 – Medal of Honor authorized by the United States Congress.
  • 1917 – The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1932 – Hedley Verity establishes a first-class record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka – German and Soviet forces engage in largest tank engagement of all time.
  • 1960 – Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1973 – A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • 1975 – São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
  • 1979 – The island nation of Kiribati declares independence from Great Britain.

July 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1394 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
  • 1596 – Tsar Michael I of Russia (d. 1645)
  • 1675 – Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (d. 1742)
  • 1730 – Josiah Wedgwood, English potter (d. 1795)
  • 1803 – Peter Chanel, French priest and saint (d. 1841)
  • 1807 – Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (d. 1893)
  • 1817 – Henry David Thoreau, American writer and philosopher (d. 1862)
  • 1824 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1828 – Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)
  • 1849 – Sir William Osler, Canadian physician and author (d. 1919)
  • 1850 – Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
  • 1852 – Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (d. 1933)
  • 1854 – George Eastman, American inventor (d. 1932)
  • 1863 – Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1864 – George Washington Carver, American botanist (d. 1943)
  • 1868 – Stefan George, German poet (d. 1933)
  • 1870 – Louis II of Monaco (d. 1949)
  • 1876 – Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
  • 1880 – Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1920)
  • 1886 – Jean Hersholt, Danish film director and actor (d. 1956)
  • 1892 – Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
  • 1895 – Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Buckminster Fuller, American architect (d. 1983)
  • 1895 – Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist (d. 1960)
  • 1904 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Milton Berle, American comedian (d. 2002)
  • 1909 – Curly Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Fritz Leonhardt, German civil engineer (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1917 – Andrew Wyeth, American artist
  • 1920 – Pierre Berton, Canadian journalist and writer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Beah Richards, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Bob Fillion, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1922 – Mark Hatfield, U.S. Senator from Oregon
  • 1925 – Roger Bonham Smith, former chairman and CEO of General Motors (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Elias James Corey, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Gordon Pinsent, Canadian actor, director, and writer
  • 1932 – Otis Davis, American runner
  • 1933 – Donald E. Westlake, American author
  • 1934 – Van Cliburn, American pianist
  • 1937 – Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor
  • 1937 – Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France 1997-2002
  • 1937 – Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer
  • 1938 – Ron Fairly, American baseball player
  • 1938 – Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer
  • 1941 – Benny Parsons, American NASCAR driver (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Billy Smith, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1943 – Christine McVie, British singer, musician, and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1943 – Walter Murch, American film editor
  • 1947 – Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby union footballer
  • 1947 – Richard C. McCarty, American professor of psychology
  • 1948 – Walter Egan, American singer
  • 1948 – Richard Simmons, American fitness trainer
  • 1948 – Jay Thomas, American actor
  • 1949 – Rick Hendrick, American NASCAR team owner, and car dealer.
  • 1950 – Eric Carr, American drummer (Kiss) (d. 1991)
  • 1950 – Gilles Meloche, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Brian Grazer, American film producer
  • 1951 – Cheryl Ladd, American actress
  • 1951 – Sylvia Sass, Hungarian soprano
  • 1951 – Jamey Sheridan, American actor
  • 1952 – Philip Taylor Kramer, Bass Guitar Player (d. 1995)
  • 1952 – Voja Antonic, Serbian inventor and writer
  • 1954 – Wolfgang Dremmler, German footballer
  • 1956 – Sandi Patty, American singer
  • 1956 – Mario Soto, Dominican baseball player
  • 1957 – Richard Douglas Husband, American astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1960 – Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
  • 1962 – Julio César Chávez, Mexican boxer
  • 1962 – Dan Murphy, American guitarist (Soul Asylum)
  • 1962 – Dean Wilkins, English football manager
  • 1964 – Tim Gane, English musician (Stereolab, McCarthy)
  • 1964 – Gaby Roslin, English television presenter
  • 1967 – Richard Herring, English comedian
  • 1967 – John Petrucci, American guitar player (Dream Theater)
  • 1967 – Bruny Surin, Canadian athlete
  • 1968 – Catherine Plewinski, French swimmer
  • 1969 – Lisa Nicole Carson, American actress
  • 1969 – Jesse Pintado, American guitarist (Napalm Death) (d. 2006)
  • 1970 – Brian Lee Byung-Hun, South Korean actor
  • 1971 – Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
  • 1972 – Travis Best, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Brett Reed, American musician (Rancid)
  • 1972 – Jake Wood, English actor, plays Max Branning in long running soap, eastenders
  • 1973 – Magoo, American rapper
  • 1973 – Christian Vieri, Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer (Within Temptation)
  • 1974 – Stelios Giannakopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Gregory Helms, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Cheyenne Jackson, American actor and singer
  • 1976 – Dan Boyle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Anna Friel, British actress
  • 1977 – Neil Harris, English footballer
  • 1977 – Steve Howey, American actor
  • 1977 – Brock Lesnar, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Topher Grace, American actor
  • 1978 – Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
  • 1978 – Claire Chitham, New Zealand actress
  • 1979 – Nikos Barlos, Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Johanna Klum, German TV presenter
  • 1981 – Adrienne Camp, South African singer/songwriter
  • 1982 – Antonio Cassano, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Megumi Kawamura, Japanese volleyballer
  • 1984 – Gareth Gates, British singer
  • 1984 – Michael McGovern, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1985 – Luiz Ejlli, Albanian singer
  • 1985 – Natasha Poly, Russian supermodel
  • 1986 – JP Pietersen, South African rugby union footballer
  • 1988 – Melissa O’Neil, Canadian singer
  • 1991 – Erik Per Sullivan, American actor

July 12 – Deaths:

  • 783 – Bertrada of Laon, wife of Pippin III (b. 720)
  • 1441 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
  • 1536 – Erasmus, Dutch writer and philosopher
  • 1584 – Steven Borough, English explorer (b. 1525)
  • 1664 – Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
  • 1682 – Jean Picard, French astronomer (b. 1620)
  • 1693 – John Ashby, English admiral
  • 1712 – Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1626)
  • 1742 – Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (b. 1675)
  • 1749 – Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France
  • 1773 – Johann Joachim Quantz, German flutist and composer (b. 1697)
  • 1804 – Alexander Hamilton, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1755)
  • 1845 – Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (b. 1808)
  • 1849- Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
  • 1910 – Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator (b. 1887)
  • 1918 – Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
  • 1926 – Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator (b. 1868)
  • 1931 – Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)
  • 1935 – Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer (b. 1859)
  • 1944 – Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., American general, received Medal of Honor (b. 1887)
  • 1945 – Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (b. 1895)
  • 1945 – Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1947 – Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
  • 1949 – Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
  • 1950 – Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
  • 1961 – Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
  • 1962 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader (b. 1907)
  • 1971 – Yvon Robert, French Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1914)
  • 1973 – Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Minnie Riperton, American soul singer (b. 1947)
  • 1983 – Chris Wood, British musician, played with Traffic, (b. 1944)
  • 1990 – João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (b. 1970)
  • 1996 – John Chancellor, American television journalist (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Jonathan Melvoin, American musician and keyboardist (The Smashing Pumpkins) (b.  1961)
  • 1998 – Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
  • 1998 – Jimmy Driftwood, American folk songwriter and musician (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Bill Owen, British actor (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Benny Carter, American musician (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Lord John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, Chief executive of British Airways since its privatization. (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality. (b.1947)
  • 2007 – Mr. Butch, Iconic Boston street figure. (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Robert Burås, Norwegian \m/ guitar player. (b. 1975)

July 12 – Holidays:

  • Northern Ireland – Battle of the Boyne Day (also known as Orangemen’s Day or the Twelfth).
  • São Tomé and Príncipe – Independence Day.

 

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