On This Day in History April 8

April 8 – Events:

  • 217 – Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus.
  • 1093 – The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by Walkelin.
  • 1139 – Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated.
  • 1149 – Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Ptolemy II of Tusculum.
  • 1271 – In Syria, sultan Baybars conquers the Krak of Chevaliers.
  • 1513 – Explorer Juan Ponce de León declares Florida a territory of Spain.
  • 1730 – Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City, is dedicated.
  • 1767 – Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders.
  • 1820 – The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos.
  • 1832 – Black Hawk War: Around 300 United States 6th Infantry troops leave St. Louis, Missouri to fight the Sauk Native Americans.
  • 1848 – Battle of Goito, part of the Italian Wars of Independence.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Mansfield – Union forces are thwarted by a Confederate army at Mansfield, Louisiana.
  • 1866 – Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1867 – The first World’s Fair is inaugurated in Paris.
  • 1886 – William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.
  • 1893 – The first recorded college basketball game occurs in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania.
  • 1895 – The United States Supreme Court declares income tax to be unconstitutional in Pollock v. Farmers’ Loan & Trust Co.
  • 1899 – Martha Place becomes the first woman to be executed in an electric chair.
  • 1904 – The French Third Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland sign the Entente cordiale.
  • 1904 – British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law.
  • 1904 – Longacre Square in Midtown Manhattan is renamed Times Square after The New York Times.
  • 1913 – The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring direct election of Senators, becomes law.
  • 1916 – In Corona, California, car racer Bob Burman crashes, killing three and badly injuring five spectators.
  • 1918 – World War I: Actors Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin sell war bonds on the streets of New York, New York’s financial district.
  • 1929 – Indian Independence Movement: At Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest.
  • 1935 – The Works Progress Administration is formed when the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 becomes law.
  • 1940 – World War II: Great Britain and France announce that they have mined Norwegian territorial waters to prevent their use by German supply ships.
  • 1942 – World War II: Siege of Leningrad – Soviet Union forces open a much-needed railway link to Leningrad.
  • 1942 – World War II: the Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines.
  • 1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.
  • 1946 – The last meeting of the League of Nations, the precursor of the United Nations, is held.
  • 1950 – India and Pakistan sign the Liaquat-Nehru Pact.
  • 1952 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman calls for the seizure of all domestic steel mills to prevent a nationwide strike.
  • 1953 – Mau Mau leader Jomo Kenyatta is convicted by Kenya’s British rulers.
  • 1957 – The Suez Canal in Egypt is reopened.
  • 1960 – The U.S. Senate approves a civil rights bill despite Southern senators’ marathon filibuster effort.
  • 1973 – 32 terrorist bombings in Cyprus.
  • 1975 – Frank Robinson manages the Cleveland Indians in his first game as major league baseball’s first African American manager.
  • 1985 – Bhopal disaster: India files suit against Union Carbide for the disaster which killed an estimated 2,000 and injured another 200,000.
  • 1987 – Los Angeles Dodgers executive Al Campanis resigns amid controversy over racially-charged remarks he had made while on Nightline.
  • 1989 – South Africa: the Democratic Party is formed from the merger of four parties.
  • 1989 – The two Greek Communist parties, along with smaller left-wing parties, merge to form the Coalition of the Left and Progress in Greece.
  • 1990 – New Democracy wins the national election in Greece.
  • 1992 – Retired tennis great Arthur Ashe announces that he has AIDS, acquired from blood transfusions during one of his two heart surgeries.
  • 1999 – Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress.
  • 2000 – 19 Marines are killed when an Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashes near Marana, Arizona.
  • 2004 – Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups.
  • 2006 – Shedden massacre: the bodies of eight men, all shot to death, are found in a field in Ontario, Canada. The murders are soon linked to the Bandidos motorcycle gang.

April 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1320 – King Peter I of Portugal (d. 1367)
  • 1533 – Claudio Merulo, Italian composer (d. 1604)
  • 1541 – Michele Mercati, Italian physician (d. 1593)
  • 1605 – King Philip IV of Spain, (d. 1665)
  • 1641 – Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman (d. 1704)
  • 1692 – Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer (d. 1770)
  • 1732 – David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician (d. 1796)
  • 1818 – August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German chemist (d. 1892)
  • 1818 – King Christian IX of Denmark (d. 1906)
  • 1826 – Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (d. 1890)
  • 1827 – Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (d. 1898)
  • 1842 – Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1933)
  • 1859 – Edmund Husserl, Austrian philosopher (d. 1938)
  • 1865 – Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist (d. 1940)
  • 1869 – Harvey Cushing, American neuorosurgeon (d. 1939)
  • 1871 – Clarence Hudson White American photographer (d. 1925)
  • 1874 – Stanislaw Taczak, Polish general (d. 1960)
  • 1875 – King Albert I of Belgium (d. 1934)
  • 1883 – R. P. Keigwin, English academic (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Dennis Chavez, American politician (d. 1964)
  • 1889 – Sir Adrian Boult, British conductor (d. 1983)
  • 1892 – Richard Neutra, American architect (d. 1970)
  • 1892 – Mary Pickford, Canadian actress (d. 1979)
  • 1896 – Yip Harburg, American lyricist (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – John Hicks, British economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner (d. 1989)
  • 1905 – Helen Joseph, South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Erwin Keller, German field hockey player (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – Raoul Jobin, French Canadian tenor (d. 1974)
  • 1908 – Hugo Fregonese, Argentine film director (d. 1987)
  • 1910 – George Musso, American football player (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Melvin Calvin, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1911 – Emil Cioran, Romanian philosopher and essayist (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Alois Brunner, Austrian Nazi
  • 1912 – Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater and actress (d. 1969)
  • 1914 – María Félix, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Betty Ford, First Lady of the United States
  • 1918 – Glendon Swarthout, American author (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Carmen McRae, American jazz singer (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Alfie Bass, Emglish actor (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Franco Corelli, Italian tenor (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Jan Novák, Czech composer (d. 1984)
  • 1923 – George Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Edward Mulhare, Irish actor (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Frédéric Back, German-born Canadian short film director and screenwriter
  • 1924 – Sir Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English soldier and historian (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Henry N. Cobb, American architect
  • 1926 – Shecky Greene, American comedian
  • 1926 – Jürgen Moltmann, German theologian
  • 1928 – Leah Rabin, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Monty Sunshine, English jazz clarinetist
  • 1929 – Walter Berry, Austrian bass-baritone (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Jacques Brel, Belgian singer/composer (d. 1978)
  • 1929 – Renzo De Felice, Italian historian (d. 1996)
  • 1930 – Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma
  • 1931 – John Gavin, American actor and politician
  • 1933 – Fred Ebb, American composer (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Albert Bustamante, American politician
  • 1937 – Seymour Hersh, American journalist
  • 1938 – Kofi Annan, Ghanaian United Nations Secretary General
  • 1940 – John Havlicek, American basketball player
  • 1941 – Darlene Gillespie, Canadian-born American actress
  • 1941 – Peggy Lennon, American singer (The Lennon Sisters)
  • 1941 – Vivienne Westwood, English fashion designer
  • 1942 – Roger Chapman, British rock singer (Family, Streetwalkers)
  • 1942 – Douglas Trumbull, American film director
  • 1943 – Tony Banks, British politician (d. 2006)
  • 1943 – Michael Bennett, American dancer/choreographer (d. 1987)
  • 1943 – Miller Farr, American football player
  • 1944 – Hywel Bennett, Welsh actor
  • 1944 – Odd Nerdrum, Norwegian painter
  • 1945 – Derrick Walker, British racing team owner
  • 1946 – Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1946 – Stuart Pankin, American actor
  • 1946 – Tim Thomerson, American actor
  • 1947 – Tom DeLay, American politician
  • 1947 – Steve Howe, English guitarist (Yes, Asia, GTR)
  • 1947 – Robert Kiyosaki, American investor
  • 1947 – Larry Norman, American singer/songwriter
  • 1948 – Michael Leshner, Canadian lawyer and gay rights advocate
  • 1949 – John Madden, English film director
  • 1949 – Brenda Russell, American singer/songwriter
  • 1950 – Grzegorz Lato, Polish footballer
  • 1954 – Gary Carter, American baseball player
  • 1955 – Ricky Bell, American football player (d. 1984)
  • 1955 – Kane Hodder, American actor and stuntman
  • 1955 – Barbara Kingsolver, American novelist
  • 1955 – David Wu, Taiwanese-born American politician
  • 1956 – Christine Boisson, French actress
  • 1956 – Jim Piddock, English actor, writer and producer
  • 1957 – Fred Smerlas, American football player
  • 1960 – John Schneider, American actor
  • 1961 – Richard Hatch, American reality television personality
  • 1962 – Izzy Stradlin, American musician (Guns N’ Roses)
  • 1963 – Julian Lennon, English musician and singer
  • 1963 – Terry Porter, American basketball player and coach
  • 1963 – Alec Stewart, English cricketer
  • 1963 – Seth Tobias, American financial commentator (d. 2007)
  • 1964 – Lisa Guerrero, American sports broadcaster
  • 1964 – Biz Markie, American rapper/disc jockey
  • 1964 – John McGinlay, Scottish footballer
  • 1965 – Michael Niko Jones, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1966 – Mark Blundell, British racing driver
  • 1966 – Mazinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1966 – Bobby Ologun, Nigerian television personality
  • 1966 – Robin Wright Penn, American actress
  • 1967 – Arwyn Davies, Welsh actor
  • 1968 – Patricia Arquette, American actress
  • 1968 – Tracy Grammer, American folk singer
  • 1970 – Sami Lukis, Australian journalist and television presenter
  • 1971 – Chino XL, American rapper
  • 1971 – Craig Mazin, American screenwriter and director
  • 1972 – Paul Gray, American bassist (Slipknot)
  • 1973 – Khaled Badra, Tunisian footballer
  • 1973 – Emma Caulfield, American actress
  • 1973 – Alex S. Gonzalez, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Holger Hott Johansen, Norwegian orienteerist
  • 1974 – Nnedi Okorafor-Mbachu, Nigerian American writer
  • 1975 – Anouk, Dutch singer
  • 1975 – Timo Pérez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1977 – Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1977 – Mark Spencer, American computer programmer
  • 1978 – Ana de la Reguera, Mexican actress
  • 1978 – Bernt Haas, Swiss footballer
  • 1979 – Jeremy Guthrie, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Alexi Laiho, Finnish guitarist and singer (Children of Bodom, Sinergy, Kylähullut)
  • 1980 – Manuel Ortega, Austrian singer
  • 1980 – Katee Sackhoff, American actress
  • 1981 – Brian Burres, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Judy Star, Canadian porn star
  • 1983 – Allu Arjun, Indian film actor
  • 1983 – Adrian Bellani, American actor
  • 1984 – Júlia Liptáková, Slovakian model
  • 1984 – Taran Noah Smith, American actor
  • 1984 – Kirsten Storms, American actress
  • 1986 – Igor Akinfeev, Russian footballer
  • 1986 – Félix Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1986 – Erika Sawajiri, Japanese actress, model and singer
  • 1987 – Royston Drenthe, Dutch footballer
  • 1989 – Hitomi Takahashi, Japanese singer
  • 1992 – Shelby Young, American actress

April 8 – Deaths:

  • 217 – Caracalla, Roman Emperor (b. 186)
  • 956 – Gilbert of Chalon, Duke of Burgundy
  • 1143 – John II Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1087)
  • 1364 – King John II of France (b. 1319)
  • 1461 – Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1423)
  • 1586 – Martin Chemnitz, Lutheran reformer and theologian (b. 1522)
  • 1587 – John Foxe, English writer (b. 1516)
  • 1691 – Carlo Rainaldi, Italian architect (b. 1611)
  • 1697 – Niels Juel, Danish admiral (b. 1629)
  • 1704 – Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624)
  • 1704 – Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman (b. 1641)
  • 1725 – John Wise, English clergyman (b. 1652)
  • 1735 – Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg (b. 1676)
  • 1848 – Gaetano Donizetti, Italian composer (b. 1797)
  • 1857 – Mangal Pandey, Indian soldier
  • 1861 – Elisha Otis, American elevator builder (b. 1811)
  • 1870 – Charles de Bériot, Belgian composer (b. 1802)
  • 1919 – Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist (b. 1848)
  • 1920 – Charles Tomlinson Griffes, American composer (b. 1884)
  • 1931 – Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1936 – Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1938 – Joe “King” Oliver, American musician (b. 1885)
  • 1942 – Kostas Skarvelis, Greek songwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1950 – Vaslav Nijinsky, Polish-born ballet dancer (b. 1890)
  • 1965 – Lars Hanson, Swedish actor (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist and sculptor (b. 1881)
  • 1974 – James Charles McGuigan, Catholic archbishop of Toronto (b. 1894)
  • 1978 – Ford Frick, American baseball commissioner (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Omar Bradley, U.S. general (b. 1893)
  • 1984 – Pyotr Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1894)
  • 1985 – J. Fred Coots, American songwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1986 – Yukiko Okada, Japanese idol singer (b. 1967)
  • 1990 – Ryan White, American AIDS activist (b. 1971)
  • 1991 – Dead (musician), Swedish metal singer (b. 1969)
  • 1992 – Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Marian Anderson, American contralto (b. 1897)
  • 1994 – François Rozet, French Canadian actor (b. 1899)
  • 1996 – George W. Jenkins, American businessman (b. 1907)
  • 1996 – Ben Johnson, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – León Klimovsky, Argentine film director (b. 1906)
  • 1997 – Laura Nyro, American singer and composer (b. 1947)
  • 2000 – Claire Trevor, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – María Félix, Mexican actress (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Enda Colleran, Gaelic footballer (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – Eddie Miksis, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Onna White, Canadian choreographer (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Gerard Reve, Dutch writer (b. 1923)

April 8 – Holidays:

  • Buddha’s Birthday in Japan
  • Saint Walter of Pontoise (d. 1099)
  • Saint Constance
  • Saint Julie Billiart of Namur (d. 1816).
  • International day of the Roma

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On This Day in History April 7

April 7 – Events:

  • 529 – First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.
  • 1348 – Charles University is founded in Prague.
  • 1521 – Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Cebu.
  • 1541 – Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies.
  • 1795 – France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length.
  • 1798 – The Mississippi Territory is organized from territory ceded by Georgia and South Carolina and is later twice expanded to include disputed territory claimed by both the U.S. and Spain.
  • 1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: The Corps of Discovery breaks camp among the Mandan tribe and resumes its journey West along the Missouri River.
  • 1805 – First public performance of Beethoven’s Third Symphony (Eroica).
  • 1827 – John Walker, an English chemist, sells the first friction match. He had invented it in the previous year.
  • 1829 – Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, commences translation of the Book of Mormon, with Oliver Cowdery as his scribe.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Shiloh ends – Union Army under General Ulysses S. Grant defeat the Confederates near Shiloh, Tennessee.
  • 1868 – Thomas D’Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers Of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, the only one at the federal level.
  • 1890 – Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal.
  • 1906 – Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
  • 1906 – The Algeciras Conference gives France and Spain control over Morocco.
  • 1908 – H. H. Asquith of the Liberal Party takes office as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, from Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1922 – Teapot Dome scandal: United States Secretary of the Interior leases Teapot Dome petroleum reserves in Wyoming.
  • 1927 – First distance public television broadcast (from Washington, DC to New York City, displaying the image of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover).
  • 1933 – Prohibition was repealed for beer of no more than 3.2% alcohol by weight, eight months before the ratification of XXI amendment.
  • 1939 – World War II: Italy invades Albania.
  • 1940 – Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.
  • 1943 – Holocaust: In Terebovlia, Ukraine, Germans order 1,100 Jews to undress to their underwear and march through the city of Terebovlia to the nearby village of Plebanivka.  They were then shot dead and buried in ditches.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Japanese battleship Yamato, the largest battleship ever constructed, is sunk 200 miles north of Okinawa while en-route on a suicide mission in Operation Ten-Go.
  • 1945 – World War II: Visoko was liberated by the 7th, 9th and 17th Krajina brigades from the Tenth division of Yugoslav Partisan forces.
  • 1946 – Syria’s independence from France is officially recognized.
  • 1948 – The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.
  • 1948 – Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.
  • 1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his “domino theory” speech during a news conference.
  • 1956 – Spain relinquishes its protectorate in Morocco.
  • 1963 – Yugoslavia is proclaimed to be a Socialist republic and Josip Broz Tito is named President for life.
  • 1964 – IBM announces the System/360.
  • 1969 – The Internet’s symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1.
  • 1971 – U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon announces his decision to increase the rate of American troop withdrawals from Vietnam.
  • 1976 – Former British Cabinet Minister John Stonehouse resigns from the Labour Party, leaving Prime Minister James Callaghan in power.
  • 1977 – German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light.
  • 1978 – Development of the neutron bomb is canceled by U.S. President Jimmy Carter.
  • 1983 – During STS-6, astronauts Story Musgrave and Don Peterson perform the first space shuttle spacewalk.
  • 1985 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev declares a moratorium on the deployment of middle-range missiles in Europe.
  • 1989 – Soviet submarine Komsomolets sinks in the Barents Sea off the coast of Norway killing 42 sailors.
  • 1990 – Iran Contra Affair: John Poindexter is found guilty of five charges for his part in the scandal (the conviction was reversed on appeal).
  • 1992 – Republika Srpska announces its independence.
  • 1994 – Massacres of Tutsis begin in Kigali, Rwanda.
  • 1999 – The World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules in favor of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas.
  • 2001 – Mars Odyssey is launched.
  • 2003 – U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein’s regime falls two days later.

April 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1506 – Saint Francis Xavier, Spanish founder of the Society of Jesus (d. 1552)
  • 1539 – Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter (d. 1584)
  • 1613 – Gerhard Douw, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
  • 1644 – François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (d. 1730)
  • 1648 – John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (d. 1721)
  • 1652 – Pope Clement XII (d. 1740)
  • 1718 – Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
  • 1727 – Michel Adanson, French botanist (d. 1806)
  • 1770 – William Wordsworth, English poet (d. 1850)
  • 1772 – Charles Fourier, French philosopher (d. 1837)
  • 1803 – Flora Tristan, French feminist and socialist philosopher (d. 1844)
  • 1803 – James Curtiss, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1859)
  • 1848 – Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1930)
  • 1859 – Walter Camp, sports authority known as the “Father of American Football” (d. 1925)
  • 1860 – Will Keith Kellogg, American cereal manufacturer (d. 1951)
  • 1867 – Holger Pedersen, Danish linguist (d. 1953)
  • 1870 – Gustav Landauer, German anarchist and revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1873 – John McGraw, American baseball player and manager (d. 1934)
  • 1883 – Gino Severini, Italian painter (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Ed Lafitte, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Gabriela Mistral, Chilean writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American conservationist and writer (d. 1998)
  • 1891 – Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor (d. 1958)
  • 1893 – Allen Dulles, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1969)
  • 1897 – Walter Winchell, American broadcaster and journalist (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Robert Casadesus, French pianist (d. 1972)
  • 1908 – Percy Faith, Canadian composer and musician (d. 1976)
  • 1909 – Robert Charroux, French writer (d. 1978)
  • 1911 – Hervé Bazin, French writer (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Charles Vanik, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Stanley Adams, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1915 – Billie Holiday, American singer (d. 1959)
  • 1915 – Henry Kuttner, American writer (d. 1958)
  • 1916 – Anthony Caruso, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – R.G. Armstrong, American actor
  • 1918 – Bobby Doerr, American baseball player
  • 1919 – Edoardo Mangiarotti, Italian fencer
  • 1919 – Roger Lemelin, Quebec novelist and television writer (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Ravi Shankar, Indian sitar player
  • 1922 – Mongo Santamaria, Cuban musician (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian writer
  • 1927 – Babatunde Olatunji, Nigerian drummer (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – James Garner, American actor
  • 1928 – Alan J. Pakula, American film producer and director (d. 1998)
  • 1928 – James White, Northern Irish science fiction writer (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Bob Denard, French mercenary (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Andrew Sachs, English actor
  • 1931 – Donald Barthelme, American author
  • 1933 – Wayne Rogers, American actor
  • 1934 – Ian Richardson, Scottish actor (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Bobby Bare, American musician
  • 1935 – Hodding Carter III, American journalist and politician
  • 1936 – Jean-Pierre Changeux, French neuroscientist
  • 1938 – Jerry Brown, American politician
  • 1938 – Spencer Dryden, American drummer (Jefferson Airplane) (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Freddie Hubbard, American jazz trumpeter
  • 1939 – Francis Ford Coppola, American film director
  • 1939 – Sir David Frost, English broadcaster and TV host
  • 1941 – Gorden Kaye, British actor
  • 1942 – Jeetendra, Indian actor
  • 1944 – Julia Phillips, American film producer and writer (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor of Germany
  • 1944 – Bill Stoneman, American baseball player and manager
  • 1945 – Martin Lewis, British newsreader
  • 1945 – Megas, Icelandic singer, songwriter and writer
  • 1945 – Joël Robuchon, French chef
  • 1945 – Werner Schroeter, German film director
  • 1946 – Colette Besson, French runner (d. 2005)
  • 1947 – Patricia Bennett, American singer (The Chiffons)
  • 1947 – Florian Schneider, German musician (Kraftwerk)
  • 1947 – Eliseo Soriano, Philippine evangelist
  • 1948 – Carol Douglas, American singer
  • 1949 – John Oates, American musician (Hall & Oates)
  • 1951 – Janis Ian, American singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Jackie Chan, Hong Kong actor
  • 1954 – Tony Dorsett, American football player
  • 1955 – Werner Stocker, German actor (d. 1993)
  • 1956 – Annika Billström, Swedish politician
  • 1956 – Christopher Darden, American O.J. Simpson prosecutor
  • 1957 – Kim Kap-su, South Korean actor
  • 1961 – Pascal Olmeta, French footballer
  • 1962 – Andrew “Andy” Hampsten, American cyclist
  • 1962 – Hugh O’Connor, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1962 – Alain Robert, French rock and urban climber
  • 1963 – Jaime de Marichalar, duke of Lugo, Spanish royalty
  • 1964 – Russell Crowe, New Zealand actor
  • 1964 – Steve Graves, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Bill Bellamy, American actor and comedian
  • 1965 – Alison Lapper, British artist
  • 1966 – Gary Wilkinson, English snooker player
  • 1967 – Artemis Gounaki, composer, writer and music producer
  • 1968 – Duncan Armstrong, Australian swimmer
  • 1969 – Ricky Watters, American football player
  • 1970 – Leif Ove Andsnes, Norwegian pianist
  • 1971 – Guillaume Depardieu, French actor
  • 1971 – Victor Kraatz, Canadian figure skater
  • 1971 – Jennifer Schwalbach Smith, American actress
  • 1973 – Carole Montillet, French skier
  • 1973 – Ève Salvail, Canadian model
  • 1973 – Brett Tomko, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Ronde Barber, American football player
  • 1975 – Tiki Barber, American football player
  • 1975 – Ronnie Belliard, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Kevin Alejandro, American actor
  • 1977 – Silvana Arias, Peruvian actress
  • 1977 – Guido van der Werve, Dutch artist
  • 1978 – Vladimir Voltchkov, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1979 – Tony Malone, British designer and activist
  • 1979 – Adrián Beltré, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Suzann Pettersen, Norwegian golfer
  • 1982 – Sonjay Dutt, Indian American professional wrestler
  • 1986 – Brooke Brodack, American internet celebrity

April 7 – Deaths:

  • 1307 – Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I of England (b. 1271)
  • 1498 – King Charles VIII of France (b. 1470)
  • 1614 – El Greco, Greek-born artist (b. 1541)
  • 1638 – Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma (b. 1576)
  • 1651 – Lennart Torstenson, Swedish soldier and engineer (b. 1603)
  • 1658 – Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Spanish mystic (b. 1595)
  • 1661 – Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English soldier and politician (b. 1604)
  • 1663 – Francis Cooke, Mayflower pilgrim (b. c. 1583)
  • 1668 – William Davenant, English poet (b. 1606)
  • 1719 – Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French saint (b. 1651)
  • 1739 – Dick Turpin, English highwayman (hanged) (b. 1706)
  • 1747 – Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1676)
  • 1761 – Thomas Bayes, English mathematician (b. 1702)
  • 1766 – Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch philologist and critic (b. 1685)
  • 1767 – Franz Sparry, composer (b. 1715)
  • 1782 – Taksin, King of Thailand (b. 1734)
  • 1789 – Abd-ul-Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1725)
  • 1789 – Petrus Camper, Dutch anatomist (b. 1722)
  • 1801 – Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (b. 1724)
  • 1804 – Toussaint Louverture, Haitian Revolutionary (b. 1743)
  • 1811 – Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (b. 1757)
  • 1823 – Jacques Charles, French chemist (b. 1746)
  • 1833 – Antoni Radziwill, Polish politician (b. 1775)
  • 1836 – William Godwin, English political writer (b. 1756)
  • 1850 – William Lisle Bowles, English poet and critic (b. 1762)
  • 1858 – Anton Diabelli, Austrian music publisher, editor, and composer (b. 1781)
  • 1868 – D’Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation (b. 1825)
  • 1871 – Alexander Lloyd, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • 1885 – Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (b. 1804)
  • 1891 – P. T. Barnum, American circus impresario (b. 1810)
  • 1920 – Karl Binding, German jurist (b. 1841)
  • 1928 – Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (b. 1873)
  • 1939 – Joseph Lyons, tenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1879)
  • 1943 – Jovan Ducic, Serbian poet
  • 1943 – Alexandre Millerand, President of France (b. 1859)
  • 1947 – Henry Ford, American automobile manufacturer and industrialist (b. 1863)
  • 1950 – Walter Huston, Canadian-born actor (b. 1884)
  • 1955 – Theda Bara, American film actress (b. 1885)
  • 1968 – Jim Clark, OBE, Scottish race car driver and two-time F1 world champion (b. 1936)
  • 1981 – Kit Lambert, British record producer and manager (The Who) (b. 1935)
  • 1981 – Norman Taurog, American film director (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Brenda Benet, American actress (b. 1945)
  • 1982 – Harald Ertl, Austrian racing driver (b. 1948)
  • 1984 – Frank Church, U.S. Senator from Idaho (b. 1924)
  • 1990 – Ronald Evans, American astronaut (b. 1933)
  • 1992 – Ace Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1903)
  • 1994 – Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic footballer and politician (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Golo Mann, German historian (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of Rwanda (b. 1953)
  • 1997 – Luis Aloma, Cuban baseball player (b. 1923)
  • 1997 – Georgi Shonin, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1935)
  • 1997 – Tomoyuki Tanaka, Japanese film producer (Godzilla) (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Broery Marantika, Indonesian singer
  • 2001 – David Graf, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 2001 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – John Agar, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (b. 1903)
  • 2003 – David Greene, British television director (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Victor Argo, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Grigoris Bithikotsis, Greek singer (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Bob Kennedy, American baseball player and manager (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Cliff Allison, British racing driver (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Barry Nelson, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Diego Corrales, American boxer (b. 1977)

April 7 – Holidays:

  • World Health Day – April 7th of every year is designated as World Health Day and celebrated by the 191 member countries of the World Health Organization to emphasize significant issues in public health of worldwide concern. Observed annually since 1948.
  • Mozambique – Women’s Day.
  • Compton, California – Eazy-E Day
  • The feast of Annunciation is celebrated by the Western Orthodox Church.
  • Saint John Baptist de La Salle (d. 1719)

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On This Day in History April 6

April 6 – Events:

  • 402 – Stilicho stymies the Visigoths under Alaric in the Battle of Pollentia.
  • 1320 – The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.
  • 1327 – The poet Petrarch first sees his idealized love, Laura, in the church of Saint Clare in Avignon.
  • 1385 – John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made king John I of Portugal.
  • 1652 – Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp at the Cape of Good Hope, which eventually becomes Cape Town.
  • 1667 – An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.
  • 1782 – Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Thailand, who was overthrown in a coup d’état.
  • 1793 – During the French Revolution, the Committee of Public Safety becomes the executive organ of the republic, and the period known as the Reign of Terror begins.
  • 1808 – John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company.
  • 1814 – Napoleon abdicates. He is then exiled to Elba.
  • 1830 – The Mormon church is organized by Joseph Smith, Jr. and others at Fayette, New York.
  • 1832 – Indian Wars: Black Hawk War begins – The Sauk warrior Black Hawk enters into war with the United States.
  • 1860 – Joseph Smith III, creates the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father, Joseph Smith, Jr.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Shiloh begins – In Tennessee, forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant meet Confederate troops led by General Albert Sidney Johnston.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Sayler’s Creek – Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia fights its last major battle while in retreat from Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1866 – The Grand Army of the Republic, an American patriotic organization composed of Union veterans of the American Civil War, is founded. It lasts until 1956.
  • 1869 – Celluloid is patented.
  • 1895 – Oscar Wilde is arrested (in Cadogan Hotel, London) after losing a libel case against the John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry.
  • 1896 – In Athens, the opening of the first modern Olympic Games 1,500 years after being banned by Roman Emperor Theodosius I.
  • 1903 – The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
  • 1909 – Robert Peary allegedly reaches the North Pole.
  • 1911 – Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, Leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeg).
  • 1917 – World War I: United States declares war on Germany.
  • 1919 – Gandhi orders a General Strike.
  • 1923 – The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
  • 1924 – The first successful flight (with stops) completely around the world begins.
  • 1926 – Walter Varney Airlines makes first commercial flight (Varney is the root company of United Airlines).
  • 1930 – Gandhi raises a lump of mud and salt and declares, “With this, I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” Thus he starts Salt Satyagraha.
  • 1936 – Tupelo-Gainesville Outbreak: Another tornado from the same storm system as the Tupelo tornado hits Gainesville, Georgia, killing 203.
  • 1941 – World War II: Operation Castigo begins; Germany invades Kingdom of Yugoslavia and Greece.
  • 1947 – The first Tony Awards are presented for theatrical achievements.
  • 1957 – Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis buys the Hellenic National Airlines (TAE) and founds Olympic Airlines.
  • 1965 – Launch of Early Bird, the first communications satellite to be placed in synchronous orbit.
  • 1968 – In Richmond, Indiana’s downtown district, a double explosion kills 41 and injures 150.
  • 1970 – Newhall Incident: Four California Highway Patrol officers are killed.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Easter Offensive – American forces begin sustained air strikes and naval bombardments.
  • 1973 – Launch of Pioneer 11 spacecraft.
  • 1984 – Members of Cameroon’s Republican Guard unsuccessfully attempt to overthrow the government headed by Paul Biya.
  • 1992 – A general strike is declared by communist groups in Nepal.
  • 1994 – The Rwandan Genocide begins when the aircraft carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira is shot down.
  • 1998 – Pakistan tests medium-range missiles capable of hitting India.
  • 2004 – Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from the post by impeachment.
  • 2005 – Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani becomes the Iraqi president; Shiite Arab Ibrahim al-Jaafari is named premier the next day.

April 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1483 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect (d. 1520)
  • 1613 – Stjepan Gradic, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)
  • 1632 – Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1649)
  • 1651 – André Dacier, French classical scholar (d. 1722)
  • 1664 – Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1671 – Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (d. 1741)
  • 1725 – Pasquale Paoli, Corsican patriot and military leader (d. 1807)
  • 1812 – Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (d. 1870)
  • 1815 – Robert Volkmann, German composer (d. 1883)
  • 1818 – Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)
  • 1820 – Nadar, French photographer (d. 1910)
  • 1823 – Joseph Medill, journalist and mayor of Chicago (d. 1899)
  • 1826 – Gustave Moreau, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1841 – Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • 1849 – John William Waterhouse, British painter (d. 1917)
  • 1851 – Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1878 – Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • 1884 – Walter Huston, Canadian-born actor (d. 1950)
  • 1890 – Anthony Fokker, Dutch designer of aircraft (d. 1939)
  • 1892 – Donald Wills Douglas, Sr., American industrialist (d. 1981)
  • 1892 – Lowell Thomas, American travel writer (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925)
  • 1902 – Veniamin Kaverin, Russian writer (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (d. 1962)
  • 1903 – Harold Edgerton, American electrical engineer (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Hermann Lang, German race car driver (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – William M. Branham, American evangelist (d. 1965)
  • 1911 – Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1918 – Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president (d. 1982)
  • 1920 – Edmond H. Fischer, Swiss-American biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1926 – Sergio Franchi, Italian-born singer and actor (d. 1990)
  • 1926 – Gil Kane, Latvian-born cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Ian Paisley, Northern Irish politician
  • 1927 – Gerry Mulligan, American musician (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – James D. Watson, American geneticist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Joi Lansing, American model and actress (d. 1972)
  • 1929 – André Previn, German-born composer and conductor
  • 1931 – Ivan Dixon, American actor and director
  • 1933 – Roy Goode, British lawyer
  • 1933 – Eduardo Malapit, American Democratic politician (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Anton Geesink, Dutch judoka
  • 1937 – Merle Haggard, American musician
  • 1937 – Billy Dee Williams, American actor
  • 1938 – Paul Daniels, English magician
  • 1938 – Roy Thinnes, American actor
  • 1939 – André Ouellet, French Canadian politician
  • 1940 – Pedro Armendáriz Jr., Mexican actor
  • 1941 – Phil Austin, American comedian
  • 1941 – Don “The Snake” Prudhomme, American drag racer
  • 1941 – Gheorghe Zamfir, Romanian musician
  • 1942 – Barry Levinson, American film producer/director
  • 1944 – Felicity Palmer, English soprano
  • 1945 – Neal Boortz, American talk radio personality
  • 1947 – John Ratzenberger, American actor
  • 1949 – Horst Ludwig Störmer, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1951 – Bert Blyleven, Dutch-born baseball player
  • 1952 – Udo Dirkschneider, German singer (Accept and U.D.O.)
  • 1952 – Marilu Henner, American actress
  • 1952 – Michel Larocque, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)
  • 1955 – Keith Hunter Jesperson, Canadian-born serial killer
  • 1955 – Michael Rooker, American actor
  • 1956 – Dilip Vengsarkar, Indian cricketer and administrator
  • 1960 – Warren Haynes, American guitarist, singer and songwriter (The Allman Brothers Band, Gov’t Mule)
  • 1964 – Phil Gayle, English news presenter
  • 1965 – Frank Black, American singer/songwriter (Pixies)
  • 1967 – Mika Koivuniemi, Finnish ten-pin bowler
  • 1968 – Affonso Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1969 – Jack Canfora, American playwright
  • 1969 – Bison Dele, American basketball player (disappeared 2002)
  • 1969 – Ari Meyers, Puerto Rican-born American actress
  • 1969 – Philipp Peter, Austrian racing driver
  • 1969 – Paul Rudd, American actor
  • 1969 – Bret Boone, Baseball Player
  • 1970 – Olaf Kölzig, South African-born ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Huang Xiaomin, Chinese swimmer
  • 1971 – Lou Merloni, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Jason Hervey, American actor
  • 1973 – Donnie Edwards, American football player
  • 1973 – Rie Miyazawa, Japanese actress/singer
  • 1973 – Prashanth, Indian actor
  • 1973 – Sun Wen, Chinese footballer
  • 1973 – Gina Yashere, English comedian
  • 1974 – Adithya, Indian actor
  • 1974 – Robert Kovac, Croatian footballer
  • 1975 – Zach Braff, American actor
  • 1975 – Hal Gill, Ice Hockey Defenseman for the Pittsburgh Penguins
  • 1976 – Candace Cameron, American actress
  • 1976 – Georg Hólm, Icelandic musician
  • 1977 – Andy Phillips, American Baseball Player
  • 1978 – Tim Hasselbeck, American football player
  • 1978 – Myleene Klass, British singer (Hear’Say)
  • 1978 – Blaine Neal, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Robert Earnshaw, Zambian born, Welsh international footballer
  • 1982 – Michael Guy Chislett, American/Australian musician
  • 1982 – Ilan Hall, Israeli-American chef
  • 1983 – Diora Baird, American actress
  • 1983 – Jade Seah, Singaporean model, host and actress
  • 1984 – Max Bemis, American musician/songwriter (Say Anything)
  • 1985 – Garrett Zablocki, (Senses Fail)
  • 1987 – Levi Porter, English footballer
  • 1987 – Hilary Rhoda, American supermodel
  • 1988 – Mike Bailey, English actor
  • 1988 – Fabrice Muamba, Anglo-Congolese footballer
  • 2007 – Princess Haalah bint Hashim, Princess of Jordan

April 6 – Deaths:

  • 1147 – Frederick II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1090)
  • 1199 – King Richard I of England (b. 1157)
  • 1199 – Pierre Basile, French soldier
  • 1362 – James I, Count of La Marche, French soldier (b. 1319)
  • 1490 – King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary
  • 1520 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect (b. 1483)
  • 1528 – Albrecht Dürer, German artist (b. 1471)
  • 1551 – Joachim Vadian, Swiss humanist (b. 1484)
  • 1571 – John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician
  • 1590 – Francis Walsingham, English spymaster
  • 1605 – John Stow, English historian
  • 1655 – David Blondel, French Protestant clergyman (b. 1591)
  • 1686 – Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (b. 1614)
  • 1707 – Willem van de Velde, the younger, Dutch painter (b. 1633)
  • 1755 – Richard Rawlinson, English minister and antiquarian (b. 1690)
  • 1825 – Vladimir Borovikovsky, Russian painter (b. 1757)
  • 1829 – Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1802)
  • 1833 – Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (b. 1748)
  • 1838 – José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva, Brazilian statesman and geologist (b. 1763)
  • 1862 – Albert Sidney Johnston, American Confederate general (b. 1803)
  • 1883 – Benjamin Wright Raymond, American politician (b. 1801)
  • 1906 – Alexander Kielland, Norwegian author (b. 1849)
  • 1933 – Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (b. 1842)
  • 1935 – Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (b. 1869)
  • 1953 – Idris Davies, Welsh poet (b. 1905)
  • 1961 – Jules Bordet, Belgian immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1870)
  • 1963 – Otto Struve, Russian-born astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – Sam Sheppard, American accused murderer (b. 1923)
  • 1970 – Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (b. 1933)
  • 1971 – Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (b. 1882)
  • 1974 – Willem Marinus Dudok, Dutch architect (b. 1884)
  • 1974 – Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and businessman (b.1895)
  • 1976 – Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Juvénal Habyarimana, Rwandan politician (b. 1937)
  • 1994 – Cyprien Ntaryamira, Burundian politician (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Greer Garson, Irish actress (b. 1904)
  • 1998 – Wendy O. Williams, American singer (Plasmatics) (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – Tammy Wynette, American singer (b. 1942)
  • 1999 – Red Norvo, American jazz vibraphonist (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Habib Bourguiba, Tunisian politician (b. 1903)
  • 2001 – Charles Pettigrew, American singer (b. 1963)
  • 2003 – David Bloom, American reporter (b. 1963)
  • 2003 – Babatunde Olatunji, Nigerian drummer (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, Canadian religious figure (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Larisa Bogoraz, Soviet dissident (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Niki Sullivan, American guitarist (The Crickets) (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Maggie Dixon, American college basketball coach (b. 1977)

April 6 – Holidays:

  • Tartan Day, the anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320, a day set aside for the celebration of Scottish influence
  • Chakri Day in Thailand, commemorating the reign of the Chakri Dynasty.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:

o    Saint Marcellinus of Carthage (d. 413)

o    St. Sixtus

 

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On This Day in History April 5

April 5 – Events:

  • 456 – St. Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop.
  • 1242 – During a battle on the ice of Lake Peipus, Russian forces, led by Alexander Nevsky, rebuff an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1566 – 200 Netherlands noblemen, led by Hendrik van Brederode, force themselves into the presence of Margaret of Parma and present the Petition of Compromise, denouncing the Inquisition in the Netherlands. The Inquisition is suspended and a delegation is sent to Spain to petition Philip II.
  • 1609 – Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma clan in Southern Kyushu, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryukyu Kingdom in Okinawa.
  • 1614 – In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.
  • 1621 – The Mayflower sets sail from Plymouth, Massachusetts on a return trip to Great Britain.
  • 1654 – The Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War, is signed.
  • 1792 – U.S. President George Washington exercises his authority to veto a bill, the first time this power is used in the United States.
  • 1804 – The first recorded meteorite falls in Possil, Scotland (High Possil Meteorite).
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Yorktown begins.
  • 1874 – Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, was opened in Birkenhead.
  • 1879 – Chile declared war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1897 – The Greco-Turkish War, also called “Thirty Days’ War”, is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1923 – Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts production of balloon- tires.
  • 1930 – In an act of civil disobedience, Mohandas Gandhi breaks British law after marching to the sea and making salt.
  • 1932 – Alcohol prohibition in Finland ended. Alcohol sales started in Alko liquor stores.
  • 1932 – Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seized the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government.
  • 1936 – Tupelo-Gainesville Outbreak: An F5 tornado kills 233 in Tupelo, Mississippi, United States.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese Navy attacks Colombo in Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Royal Navy Cruisers HMS Cornwall and HMS Dorsetshire are sunk southwest of the island.
  • 1944 – World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • 1945 – Cold War: Yugoslav leader Josip “Tito” Broz signs an agreement with the USSR to allow “temporary entry of Soviet troops into Yugoslav territory.”
  • 1946 – Soviet troops leave the island of Bornholm, Denmark after an 11 month occupation.
  • 1949 – Fireside Theater debuts on television.
  • 1949 – A fire in a hospital in Effingham, Illinois, United States, kills 77 people and leads to nationwide fire code improvements.
  • 1951 – Ethel and Julius Rosenberg of the United States are sentenced to death for performing espionage for the Soviet Union.
  • 1955 – Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom amid indications of failing health.
  • 1956 – Fidel Castro declares himself at war with the President of Cuba.
  • 1956 – In Sri Lanka, the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna won the general elections in a landslide and S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike sworn in as the Prime Minister.
  • 1957 – In India, Communists won the first elections in united Kerala and E. M. S. Namboodiripad is sworn in as the first chief minister.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many United States cities.
  • 1971 – In Sri Lanka, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launches insurrection against the United Front government of Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: North Vietnamese forces invade Binh Long Province, launching a second front of the Nguyen Hue Offensive.
  • 1976 – In the People’s Republic of China, the April Fifth Movement leads to the Tiananmen incident.
  • 1986 – Three people are killed in the Bombing of the La Belle Discotheque in West Berlin, Germany.
  • 1991 – ASA EMB 120 crashes in Brunswick, Georgia, United States, killing all 23 aboard.
  • 1992 – Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington, D.C. United States.
  • 1992 – Alberto Fujimori, president of Peru, dissolved the Peruvian congress by military force.
  • 1992 – Siege of Sarajevo begins when Serb paramilitaries murder peace protesters Suada Dilberovic and Olga Sucic on the Vrbanja Bridge.
  • 1993 – The Child Support Act 1991, administered by the Child Support Agency, comes into effect in the United Kingdom.
  • 1998 – In Japan, the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge linking Shikoku with Honshu and costing about US$3.8 billion, opens to traffic, becoming the largest suspension bridge in the world.
  • 1999 – Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
  • 2000 – Leeds United football fans clash with Galatasaray SK fans resulting in the death of Christopher Loftus and Kevin Speight from multiple stab wounds.
  • 2007 -Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone named Camerlengo of Holy Roman Church

April 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1288 – Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (d. 1336)
  • 1472 – Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1510)
  • 1523 – Blaise de Vigenère, French cryptographer (d. 1596)
  • 1588 – Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (d. 1679)
  • 1604 – Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1675)
  • 1622 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (d. 1703)
  • 1649 – Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (d. 1721)
  • 1692 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (d. 1730)
  • 1732 – Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French artist (d. 1806)
  • 1784 – Louis Spohr, German violinist (d. 1859)
  • 1816 – Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1890)
  • 1827 – Joseph Lister, English surgeon (d. 1912)
  • 1832 – Jules Ferry, French statesman (d. 1893)
  • 1837 – Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (d. 1909)
  • 1856 – Booker T. Washington, American educator (d. 1915)
  • 1869 – Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1871 – Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)
  • 1875 – Mistinguett, French vaudeville performer (d. 1956)
  • 1893 – Clas Thunberg, Finnish speed skater (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Spencer Tracy, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1901 – Melvyn Douglas, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Lord Buckley, American monologist (d. 1960)
  • 1908 – Bette Davis, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Albert R. Broccoli, American film producer (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – John Le Mesurier, British actor (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Gregory Peck, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Robert Bloch, American author (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Arthur Hailey, American writer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Rafique Zakaria, Indian author (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Tom Finney, English footballer
  • 1922 – Christopher Hewett, British actor (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Gale Storm, American singer
  • 1923 – Michael V. Gazzo, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Nguyen Van Thieu, President of South Vietnam (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Roger Corman, American film director
  • 1928 – Tony Williams, American singer (The Platters) (d. 1992)
  • 1929 – Hugo Claus, Belgian writer
  • 1929 – Ivar Giaever, Norwegian physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Nigel Hawthorne, British actor (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – Joe Meek, English record producer
  • 1933 – Larry Felser, American sports columnist
  • 1934 – Frank Gorshin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Roman Herzog, German politician
  • 1934 – Stanley Turrentine, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2000)
  • 1935 – Peter Grant, British music manager (d. 1995)
  • 1936 – John Kelly, Irish republican politician (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Colin Powell, U.S. Secretary of State
  • 1937 – Allan R. Thieme, American inventor
  • 1939 – Ronald White, American singer and songwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1939 – Crispian St. Peters, British singer
  • 1941 – Michael Moriarty, American actor
  • 1941 – Dave Swarbrick, British folk musician
  • 1942 – Peter Greenaway, Welsh film director
  • 1943 – Max Gail, American actor
  • 1944 – Pedro Rossello, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1945 – Tommy Smith, English footballer
  • 1946 – Jane Asher, British actress
  • 1947 – Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 14th President of the Philippines
  • 1948 – Les Binks, British musician, former drummer for Judas Priest
  • 1948 – Dave Holland, British musician (Judas Priest)
  • 1949 – John Berg (actor), American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – Judith Resnik, American astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1950 – Agnetha Fältskog, Swedish singer (ABBA)
  • 1951 – Dean Kamen, inventor
  • 1952 – Mitch Pileggi, American actor
  • 1954 – Stan Ridgway, American musician (Wall of Voodoo)
  • 1955 – Janice Long, English broadcaster
  • 1955 – Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist
  • 1955 – Charlotte de Turckheim, French actress
  • 1956 – Diamond Dallas Page, American professional wrestler
  • 1961 – Lisa Zane, American actress
  • 1962 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1964 – Steve Beaton, English darts player
  • 1964 – Christopher “Kid” Reid, American rapper (Kid ‘n Play)
  • 1965 – Cris Carpenter, baseball player
  • 1965 – Mike McCready, American musician (Pearl Jam)
  • 1967 – Gary Gait, Canadian lacrosse player
  • 1968 – Paula Cole, American musician
  • 1970 – Miho Hatori, Japanese singer and songwriter (Cibo Matto)
  • 1971 – Dong Abay, Filipino musician, singer-songwriter
  • 1972 – Krista Allen, American actress
  • 1972 – Tom Coronel, Dutch racing driver
  • 1972 – Pat Green, American singer and songwriter
  • 1972 – Paul Okon, Australian former footballer
  • 1973 – Tony Banks, American football player
  • 1973 – Élodie Bouchez, French actress
  • 1973 – Pharrell Williams, American music producer (The Neptunes)
  • 1974 – Sahaj Ticotin, musician/producer (Ra)
  • 1974 – Uhm Tae Woong, South Korean actor
  • 1975 – John Hartson, Welsh footballer
  • 1976 – Kim Collins, Nevisian sprinter
  • 1976 – Ryan Drese, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Ross Gload, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Simone Inzaghi, Italian footballer
  • 1976 – Fernando Morientes, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – John Hartson, Welsh footballer
  • 1978 – Franziska van Almsick, German swimmer
  • 1978 – Stephen Jackson, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Timo Hildebrand, German footballer
  • 1980 – Matt Bonner, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Lee Jae Won, South Korean actor, singer, and rapper
  • 1980 – John McLaughlin, American television reporter
  • 1981 – Jorge de la Rosa, Mexican baseball player
  • 1982 – Thomas Hitzlsperger, German footballer
  • 1982 – Matt Pickens, American soccer player
  • 1982 – Alexandre Prémat, French racing driver
  • 1984 – Shin Min-a, South Korean model and actress
  • 1986 – Sumit Chandak, Indian Entrepreneur

April 5 – Deaths:

  • 582 – Eutychius, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1168 – Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester (b. 1104)
  • 1419 – Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1350)
  • 1605 – Adam Loftus, English Protestant archbishop in Ireland
  • 1617 – Alonso Lobo, Spanish composer
  • 1673 – François Caron, French explorer (b. 1600)
  • 1676 – John Winthrop, the Younger, American politician (b. 1606)
  • 1693 – Anne, Duchess of Montpensier, French writer (b. 1627)
  • 1695 – George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, English writer (b. 1633)
  • 1697 – King Charles XI of Sweden (b. 1655)
  • 1717 – Jean Jouvenet, French painter (b. 1647)
  • 1735 – William Derham, English minister and writer (b. 1657)
  • 1735 – Samuel Wesley, English poet (b. 1662)
  • 1765 – Edward Young, English poet (b. 1683)
  • 1794 – Georges Danton, French Revolutionary leader (b. 1759)
  • 1794 – Camille Desmoulins, French journalist and politician (b. 1760)
  • 1900 – Joseph Louis François Bertrand, French mathematician (b. 1822)
  • 1923 – George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier (b. 1866)
  • 1928 – Roy Kilner, English cricketer (b. 1890)
  • 1945 – Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer (b. 1897)
  • 1946 – Vincent Youmans, American songwriter (b. 1898)
  • 1952 – Charles Collett, GWR Chief mechanical engineer (b. 1871)
  • 1964 – General Douglas MacArthur, American general (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1890)
  • 1967 – Mischa Elman, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1891)
  • 1969 – Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (b. 1903)
  • 1969 – Shelby Storck, American television producer (b. 1917)
  • 1970 – Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Brian Donlevy, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – John Coleman, Australian rules footballer (b. 1928)
  • 1974 – A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1975 – Chiang Kai-shek, 1st President of the Republic of China (b. 1887)
  • 1976 – Howard Hughes, American aviator (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Wilder Penfield, Canadian surgeon (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Eugène Gabritschevsky, Russian biologist and artist (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – Bob Hite, American singer (Canned Heat) (b. 1945)
  • 1982 – Abe Fortas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1910)
  • 1983 – Danny Rapp, American musician (Danny & the Juniors) (b. 1941)
  • 1991 – John Tower, American politician (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Sonny Carter, American astronaut (b. 1947)
  • 1992 – Molly Picon, French actress (b. 1898)
  • 1992 – Sam Walton, American retailer (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Allen Ginsberg, American poet (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Cozy Powell, British musician (b. 1947)
  • 1999 – Paul David, French Canadian cardiologist (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Lee Petty, American race car driver (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Brother Theodore, German comedian (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Layne Staley, American musician (Alice in Chains) (b. 1967)
  • 2004 – Heiner Zieschang, German mathematician (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Slawomir Rawicz, Polish soldier (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Saul Bellow, Canadian-born writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Dale Messick, American comic strip artist (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Debralee Scott, American actress (b. 1953)
  • 2005 – John Sichel, British film and television director
  • 2006 – Gene Pitney, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Mark St. John, American musician (Kiss)(b. 1956)
  • 2007 – Darryl Stingley, American football player (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Poornachandra Tejaswi, Kannada writer (b. 1938)

April 5 – Holidays:

  • Mauritius: Ougadie.
  • Qingming Festival in the Chinese calendar
  • Arbor Day and Hansik in South Korea
  • Saint Vincent Ferrer
  • Saint Irene (d. 304)
  • Saint Ruadhan (d. 584)

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On This Day in History April 4

April 4 – Events:

  • 1581 – Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I.
  • 1655 – The miraculous statue entitled the Infant of Prague is solemnly crowned by command of Cardinal Harrach.
  • 1660 – Declaration of Breda by King Charles II of England.
  • 1721 – Sir Robert Walpole enters office as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under King George I.
  • 1812 – U.S. President James Madison enacted a ninety-day embargo on trade with the United Kingdom.
  • 1814 – Napoleon abdicates for the first time.
  • 1818 – The United States Congress adopts the flag of the United States with 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (then 20).
  • 1841 – William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia becoming the first President of the United States to die in office and the one with the shortest term served.
  • 1850 – The Great Fire of Cottenham, a large part of the Cambridgeshire village (England) is burnt to the ground under suspicious circumstances.
  • 1850 – Los Angeles, California is incorporated as a city.
  • 1859 – Bryant’s Minstrels debut “Dixie” in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: A day after Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln visits the Confederate capital.
  • 1866 – Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
  • 1887 – Argonia, Kansas elects Susanna M. Salter as the first female mayor in the United States.
  • 1905 – In India, an earthquake near Kangra kills 20,000.
  • 1913 – The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
  • 1918 – World War I: Second Battle of the Somme ends.
  • 1930 – The Communist Party of Panama is founded.
  • 1939 – Faisal II becomes King of Iraq.
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops liberate Ohrdruf forced labor camp in Germany.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet Army takes control of Hungary.
  • 1949 – Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
  • 1960 – Senegal independence day.
  • 1965 – The first model of the new Saab Viggen fighter aircraft plane is unveiled.
  • 1964 – The Beatles occupy the top five positions on the Billboard Top 40 Mainstream chart.
  • 1967 – Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his “Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence” speech in New York City’s Riverside Church.
  • 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 6.
  • 1968 – AEK Athens BC becomes the first Greek team to win the European Basketball Cup.
  • 1969 – Dr. Denton Cooley implants the first temporary artificial heart.
  • 1973 – The World Trade Center in New York is officially dedicated.
  • 1975 – Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: Operation Baby Lift – A United States Air Force C-5A Galaxy crashes near Saigon, South Vietnam shortly after takeoff, transporting orphans – 172 die.
  • 1976 – Prince Norodom Sihanouk resigns as leader of Cambodia and is placed under house arrest.
  • 1979 – President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan is executed.
  • 1983 – Space Shuttle Challenger makes its maiden voyage into space (STS- 6).
  • 1984 – President Ronald Reagan calls for an international ban on chemical weapons.
  • 1988 – Governor Evan Mecham of Arizona is convicted in his impeachment trial and removed from office.
  • 1991 – Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their plane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania.
  • 1994 – Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark found Netscape Communications Corporation under the name “Mosaic Communications Corporation.”
  • 1996 – Comet Hyakutake was imaged by the USA Asteroid Orbiter Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous.
  • 2002 – The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign a peace treaty ending the Angolan Civil War.

April 4 – Birthdays:

  • 186 – Caracalla, Roman emperor (d. 217)
  • 1492 – Ambrosius Blarer, German reformer (d. 1564)
  • 1572 – William Strachey, English writer (d. 1621)
  • 1593 – Edward Nicholas, English statesman (d. 1669)
  • 1646 – Antoine Galland, French archaeologist (d. 1715)
  • 1648 – Grinling Gibbons Dutch-born woodcarver (d. 1721)
  • 1688 – Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer (d. 1768)
  • 1718 – Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (d. 1783)
  • 1772 – Nachman of Breslov, founder of Breslov Hasidut (d. 1810)
  • 1785 – Bettina von Arnim, German writer (d. 1859)
  • 1802 – Dorothea Dix, American social activist (d. 1887)
  • 1819 – Queen Maria II of Portugal (d. 1853)
  • 1821 – Linus Yale, Jr., American inventor and manufacturer (d. 1868)
  • 1826 – Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (d. 1901)
  • 1842 – Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (d. 1891)
  • 1846 – Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (d. 1870)
  • 1858 – Remy de Gourmont, French poet (d. 1915)
  • 1875 – Pierre Monteux, French conductor (d. 1964)
  • 1876 – Maurice de Vlaminck, French painter (d. 1958)
  • 1882 – Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1884 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese naval commander (d. 1943)
  • 1888 – Tris Speaker, American baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Zdzislaw Zygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (d. 1975)
  • 1895 – Arthur Murray, American dance teacher (d. 1991)
  • 1896 – Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright (d. 1955)
  • 1897 – Pierre Fresnay, French stage and film actor (d. 1975)
  • 1898 – Agnes Ayres, American actress (d. 1940)
  • 1902 – Louise Leveque de Vilmorin, French actress (d. 1969)
  • 1902 – Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (d. 1935)
  • 1905 – Eugene Bozza, French Modern Composer (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Bea Benaderet, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – John Cameron Swayze, American journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American memoirist (Cheaper by the Dozen) (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Max Dupain, Australian photographer (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Frances Langford, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Marguerite Duras, French writer (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Muddy Waters, American musician (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Edith Fore, old lady in commercial (“I’ve fallen and I can’t get up!”) (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Mickey Owen, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – David White, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Éric Rohmer, French film director
  • 1922 – Elmer Bernstein, American composer (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Gil Hodges, American baseball player and manager (d. 1972)
  • 1925 – Claude Wagner, French Canadian politician and judge (d. 1979)
  • 1925 – Emmett Williams, American poet (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Maya Angelou, American writer
  • 1931 – Bobby Ray Inman, American admiral and intelligence director
  • 1932 – Clive Davis, American record producer
  • 1932 – Estelle Harris, American actress
  • 1932 – Dick Lugar, American politician
  • 1932 – Anthony Perkins, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1932 – Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet film director (d. 1986)
  • 1933 – Bill France, Jr., NASCAR pioneer (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – A. Bartlett Giamatti, American university president and Commissioner of Baseball (d. 1989)
  • 1939 – JoAnne Carner, American golfer
  • 1939 – Major Lance, American singer (d. 1994)
  • 1939 – Hugh Masekela, South African musician
  • 1940 – Richard Attwood, British racing driver
  • 1940 – Sharon Sheeley, American songwriter
  • 1942 – Jim Fregosi, American baseball player and manager
  • 1942 – Kitty Kelley, American writer
  • 1944 – Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
  • 1944 – Craig T. Nelson, American actor
  • 1945 – Daniel Cohn-Bendit, French political activist
  • 1945 – Caroline McWilliams, American actress
  • 1946 – Dave Hill, English guitarist (Slade)
  • 1946 – Katsuaki Sato, Japanese martial artist
  • 1947 – Ray Fosse, American baseball player and broadcaster
  • 1947 – Luke Halpin, American actor
  • 1947 – Wiranto, Indonesian general
  • 1948 – Michael Blassie, U.S. Air Force officer (d. 1972)
  • 1948 – Berry Oakley, American bassist (The Allman Brothers Band) (d. 1972)
  • 1948 – Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party
  • 1948 – Dan Simmons, American writer
  • 1948 – Derek Thompson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1949 – Junior Braithwaite, Jamaican singer (The Wailers) (d. 1999)
  • 1949 – Shing-Tung Yau, Chinese mathematician
  • 1950 – Christine Lahti, American actress
  • 1951 – John Hannah, American football player
  • 1951 – Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia
  • 1952 – Rosemarie Ackermann, German athlete
  • 1952 – Pat Burns, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1952 – Gary Moore, Irish guitarist (Thin Lizzy)
  • 1952 – Gregg Hansford, Australian motorcycle and car racer (d. 1995)
  • 1953 – Robert Bertrand, Canadian politician
  • 1953 – Sammy Wilson, Northern Irish politician
  • 1956 – Tom Herr, American baseball player
  • 1956 – David E. Kelley, American writer and TV producer
  • 1957 – Ali El Haggar, Egyptian singer and actor
  • 1957 – Aki Kaurismäki, Finnish film director
  • 1957 – Graeme Kelling, Scottish musician (Deacon Blue) (d. 2004)
  • 1957 – Kelso, American racehorse (d. 1983)
  • 1957 – Nobuyoshi Kuwano, Japanese musician (Rats & Star)
  • 1958 – Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (d. 1990)
  • 1958 – Mary-Margaret Humes, American actress
  • 1960 – Jane Eaglin, English soprano
  • 1960 – Hugo Weaving, Nigerian-born English-Australian actor
  • 1962 – Craig Adams, English musician(The Sisters of Mercy, Mission UK)
  • 1963 – Dale Hawerchuk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Graham Norton, Irish talk show host
  • 1964 – Branco, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1964 – David Cross, American actor and comedian
  • 1964 – Robbie Rist, American actor
  • 1965 – Robert Downey Jr., American actor
  • 1966 – Nancy McKeon, American actor
  • 1968 – Jennifer Lynch, American director
  • 1970 – Barry Pepper, Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Michael Schwartz, American turntablist, known as Mix Master Mike, DJ for the Beastie Boys
  • 1971 – Yanic Perreault, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Josh Todd, lead singer of rock band Buckcherry
  • 1971 – John Zandig, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Jill Scott, American soul singer
  • 1972 – Magnus Sveningsson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
  • 1973 – David Blaine, American illusionist
  • 1973 – Chris McCormack, Australian triathlete
  • 1973 – Loris Capirossi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1974 – Dave Mirra, American athlete
  • 1975 – Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman
  • 1975 – Thobias Fredriksson, Swedish cross-country skier
  • 1975 – Pamela Ribon, American author, actress
  • 1975 – Scott Rolen, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Emerson, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Adam Dutkiewicz, American guitarist (Killswitch Engage)
  • 1977 – Stephen Mulhern, Magician, CITV Presenter
  • 1977 – Omarr Ali Hasan Smith, Arena Football League defensive back
  • 1978 – Jason Ellison, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Lemar, English R’n’B singer
  • 1978 – Alan Mahon, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Sam Moran, Australian entertainer
  • 1978 – Irene Skliva, Greek 1996 Miss World winner
  • 1978 – Aska Yang, Taiwan Singer
  • 1979 – Heath Ledger, Australian actor (d. 2008)
  • 1979 – Roberto Luongo, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Natasha Lyonne, American actress
  • 1980 – Johnny Borrell, English singer (Razorlight)
  • 1980 – Trevor Moore, American comedian
  • 1980 – Björn Wirdheim, Swedish race car driver
  • 1983 – Fabian Geiser, Swiss footballer
  • 1983 – Doug Lynch, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Angelle Tymon, American journalist and TV game show host
  • 1984 – Arkady Vyatchanin, Russian swimmer
  • 1986 – Aiden McGeady, Republic of Ireland and Celtic Footballer
  • 1987 – Devon Anderson, English actor
  • 1987 – Sarah Gadon, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Cameron Maybin, American Baseball Player
  • 1988 – Frank Fielding, English footballer
  • 1991 – Jamie Lynn Spears, American actress
  • 1992 – Alexa Nikolas, American actress
  • 1994 – Risako Sugaya, Japanese singer

April 4 – Deaths:

  • 397 – St. Ambrose, Bishop of Milan
  • 636 – Saint Isidore of Seville, Church Father and the proposed patron of Internet
  • 896 – Pope Formosus (b. 816)
  • 1284 – King Alfonso X of Castile (b. 1221)
  • 1292 – Pope Nicholas IV (b. 1227)
  • 1305 – Jeanne of Navarre, wife of Philip IV of France
  • 1536 – Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (b. 1460)
  • 1588 – King Frederick II of Denmark (b. 1534)
  • 1609 – Charles de L’Ecluse, Flemish botanist (b. 1526)
  • 1617 – John Napier, Scottish mathematician (b. 1550)
  • 1643 – Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian (b. 1583)
  • 1661 – Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier
  • 1701 – Joseph Haines, entertainer and author
  • 1743 – Daniel Neal, English historian (b. 1678)
  • 1761 – Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (b. 1722)
  • 1766 – John Taylor, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
  • 1774 – Oliver Goldsmith, English writer (b. 1728)
  • 1792 – James Sykes, American politician (b. 1725)
  • 1807 – Joseph Jérôme Lefrançais de Lalande, French astronomer (b. 1732)
  • 1817 – André Masséna, Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling and Marshal of France (b. 1758)
  • 1841 – William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States (b. 1773)
  • 1842 – Jean Moufot, French philosopher and mathematician (b. 1784)
  • 1846 – Solomon Sibley, Senator from Michigan Territory (b. 1769)
  • 1861 – John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1785)
  • 1863 – Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (b. 1790)
  • 1864 – Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)
  • 1870 – Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)
  • 1874 – Charles Ernest Beulé, French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)
  • 1878 – Richard Brewer, American gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)
  • 1879 – Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (b. 1803)
  • 1883 – Peter Cooper, American Industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (b. 1791)
  • 1884 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian artist and diarist (b. 1860)
  • 1890 – Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, Quebec politician (b. 1820)
  • 1890 – Edmond Hébert, French geologist (b. 1812)
  • 1919 – William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (b. 1832)
  • 1923 – John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
  • 1929 – Karl Benz, German engine designer, inventor, and automobile engineer (b. 1844)
  • 1931 – André Michelin, French industrialist (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • 1947 – William O’Donnell, Irish politician (b. ?)
  • 1951 – Al Christie, Canadian film director and producer (b. 1881)
  • 1951 – George Albert Smith, President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church) (b. 1870)
  • 1953 – King Carol II of Romania (b. 1893)
  • 1957 – E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (b. 1909)
  • 1958 – Johnny Stompanato, American organized crime figure (b. 1925)
  • 1961 – Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician (b. 1873)
  • 1962 – James Hanratty, executed at Bedford Prison, England, for the murder
  • of Michael Gregsten (b. 1936)
  • 1967 – Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1898)
  • 1967 – Al Lewis, American songwriter (b. 1901)
  • 1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1929)
  • 1972 – Adam Clayton Powell Jr., American politician (b. 1908)
  • 1972 – Stefan Wolpe, German-born composer (b. 1902)
  • 1976 – Harry Nyquist, contributor to information theory (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, President and Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1928)
  • 1979 – Edgar Buchanan, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Red Sovine, American country music singer (b. 1917)
  • 1983 – Gloria Swanson, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1984 – Oleg Antonov, Soviet airplane engineer (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (b. 1891)
  • 1987 – C.L. Moore, American writer (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Chögyam Trungpa, Tibetan Buddhist master (b. 1939)
  • 1991 – Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Max Frisch, Swiss writer (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – H. John Heinz III, U.S. Senator (b. 1938)
  • 1991 – Forrest Towns, American hurdler (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – Yvette Brind’Amour, French Canadian stage actress and artistic director (b. 1918)
  • 1992 – Arthur Russell, American cellist (b. 1951)
  • 1993 – Alfred Butts, American architect and inventor (Scrabble) (b. 1899)
  • 1995 – Kenny Everett, British radio DJ and television entertainer (b. 1944)
  • 1995 – Priscilla Lane, American singer and actress (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – Barney Ewell, American athlete (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Larry LaPrise, American songwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Faith Domergue, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Early Wynn, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Ed “Big Daddy” Roth, American custom car designer (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Harry L. O’Connor, Czech-born film stuntman
  • 2003 – Anthony Caruso, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Resortes, Mexican comedian (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Alberic Schotte, Belgian cyclist (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Casey Sheehan, American soldier, son of Cindy Sheehan (b. 1979)
  • 2005 – Edward Bronfman, Canadian businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Bob Clark, American film director (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Terry Hall, English ventriloquist (b. 1927)

April 4 – Holidays:

  • International Day for Landmine Awareness and Assistance
  • Lesotho – Heroes’ Day
  • Taiwan and Hong Kong – Children’s Day
  • Liturgical Feast days:

o    Saint Isidore of Seville

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On This Day in History April 3

April 3 – Events:

  • 1043 – Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England.
  • 1077 – Creation of the first Parliament of Friuli.
  • 1559 – The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis treaty is signed, ending the Italian Wars.
  • 1834 – The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • 1860 – The first successful Pony Express run from Saint Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California begins.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1882 – American Old West outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford for a $5,000 reward.
  • 1885 – Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design.
  • 1895 – The libel trial instigated by Oscar Wilde begins, eventually resulting in his imprisonment on charges of homosexuality.
  • 1896 – The first publication of La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper in Italy.
  • 1917 – Vladimir Lenin arrives in Russia from exile, marking the beginning of Bolshevik leadership in the Russian Revolution.
  • 1922 – Joseph Stalin became the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1929 – RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
  • 1933 – Unsuccessful boycott of Jewish stores in Nazi Germany.
  • 1936 – Bruno Richard Hauptmann is executed for the kidnapping and death of Charles Augustus Lindbergh II, the baby son of world-famous pilot Charles Lindbergh.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese forces begin an assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula.
  • 1946 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed in the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March.
  • 1948 – President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan which authorizes $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
  • 1948 – In Jeju, South Korea, a civil-war-like period of violence and human rights abuses begins, known as the Jeju massacre.
  • 1948 – First run of the Texas Chief passenger train.
  • 1953 – TV Guide debuts.
  • 1955 – The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg’s book Howl against obscenity charges.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley sings “Heartbreak Hotel” on the Milton Berle Show, with an estimated 25% of the United States population viewing.
  • 1956 – The western part of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado (known as the Hudsonville-Standale Tornado).
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to “Vietnamize” the war effort.
  • 1971 – Japanese tokusatsu television series Kamen Rider premieres, marking the beginning of the long-running Kamen Rider franchise.
  • 1973 – The first portable cell phone call is placed in New York City.
  • 1974 – The Super Outbreak occurs, the biggest tornado outbreak in recorded history. The death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured.
  • 1975 – Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title of World Champion by default.
  • 1982 – Great Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina.
  • 1996 – Suspected “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski is arrested at his Montana cabin.
  • 1996 – A United States Air Force airplane carrying United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown crashes in Croatia, killing all 35 on board.
  • 1997 – Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
  • 2000 – United States v. Microsoft: Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust laws by keeping “an oppressive thumb” on its competitors.
  • 2004 – Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
  • 2007 – An official new world record for conventional-train speed of 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph) is set by a French TGV on the LGV Est high speed line east of Paris.

April 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1151 – Igor Svyatoslavich, Ukrainian prince (d. 1202)
  • 1367 – King Henry IV of England (d. 1413)
  • 1529 – Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1581)
  • 1593 – George Herbert, English poet and orator (d. 1633)
  • 1643 – Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, general of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1690)
  • 1683 – Mark Catesby, English naturalist (d. 1749)
  • 1693 – George Edwards, English naturalist (d. 1773)
  • 1715 – William Watson, English physician and scientist (d. 1787)
  • 1764 – John Abernathy, English surgeon (d. 1831)
  • 1769 – Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat (d. 1835)
  • 1770 – Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1843)
  • 1781 – Bhagwan Swaminarayan (d. 1830)
  • 1783 – Washington Irving, American author (d. 1859)
  • 1806 – Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856)
  • 1821 – T. Pelham Dale, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (d. 1892)
  • 1822 – Edward Everett Hale, American writer (d. 1909)
  • 1823 – William Marcy Tweed, American political boss (d. 1878)
  • 1880 – Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (d. 1903)
  • 1881 – Alcide De Gasperi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1954)
  • 1885 – Allan Dwan, Canadian-born American film director (d. 1981)
  • 1885 – Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (Mutt and Jeff) (d. 1954)
  • 1889 – Grigoras Dinicu, Romanian composer and violinist (d. 1949)
  • 1893 – Leslie Howard, English actor (d. 1943)
  • 1893 – Princess Maud of Fife (d. 1945)
  • 1895 – Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Italian composer (d. 1968)
  • 1898 – George Jessel, American comedian (d. 1981)
  • 1898 – Henry Luce, American publisher (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – David Jack, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1904 – Iron Eyes Cody, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1904 – Russel Wright, American industrial designer (d. 1976)
  • 1905 – Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (d. 1965)
  • 1913 – Per Borten, Premier of Norway (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Herb Caen, American newspaper columnist (d. 1997)
  • 1918 – Louis Applebaum, Canadian composer, conductor and administrator (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi
  • 1920 – Stan Freeman, American composer and lyricist (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Robert Karvelas, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Darío Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer and songwriter (d. 1968)
  • 1921 – Jan Sterling, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Marlon Brando, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Doris Day, American actress
  • 1925 – Tony Benn, British politician
  • 1926 – Alex Grammas, American baseball player
  • 1926 – Gus Grissom, American astronaut (d. 1967)
  • 1928 – Don Gibson, American country musician (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Kevin Hagen, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Jennifer Paterson, English chef and TV personality (Two Fat Ladies) (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Lee Leonard, American television personality
  • 1930 – Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida and Governor of Florida (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Helmut Kohl, Chancellor of Germany
  • 1930 – Wally Moon, American baseball player
  • 1934 – Jane Goodall, English zoologist
  • 1936 – Scott LaFaro, American musician (d. 1961)
  • 1936 – Jimmy McGriff, American jazz organist
  • 1938 – Jeff Barry, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1941 – Jan Berry, American musician (Jan and Dean) (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (d. 1984)
  • 1941 – Eric Braeden, German-born actor
  • 1941 – Philippé Wynne, American musician (d. 1984)
  • 1942 – Marsha Mason, American actress
  • 1942 – Wayne Newton, American singer
  • 1942 – Marek Perepeczko, Polish actor (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Billy Joe Royal, American singer
  • 1943 – Jonathan Lynn, British actor and comedy writer
  • 1943 – Mario Lavista, Mexican composer
  • 1943 – Richard Manuel, Canadian musician and songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1943 – Doreen Tracey, English-born Mouseketeer
  • 1944 – Tony Orlando, American musician
  • 1945 – Catherine Spaak, French actress
  • 1946 – Hanna Suchocka, Poland’s first female prime minister
  • 1946 – Marisa Paredes, Spanish actress
  • 1948 – Arlette Cousture, French-Canadian writer
  • 1948 – Carlos Salinas, President of Mexico
  • 1949 – Lyle Alzado, American football player (d. 1992)
  • 1949 – Richard Thompson, English musician and songwriter
  • 1950 – Sally Thomsett, English actress
  • 1953 – Craig Taubman, Jewish singer
  • 1954 – Elisabetta Brusa, Italian composer
  • 1956 – Miguel Bosé, Spanish musician and actor
  • 1956 – Ray Combs, American game show host and comedian (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Boris Miljkovic, Serbian TV & theatre director and video artist
  • 1958 – Alec Baldwin, American actor
  • 1958 – Jaya Prada, Indian Actress
  • 1959 – David Hyde Pierce, American actor
  • 1960 – Arjen Anthony Lucassen, Dutch musician (Ayreon)
  • 1960 – Marie Denise Pelletier, Quebec singer
  • 1961 – Eddie Murphy, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Mike Ness, American musician (Social Distortion)
  • 1963 – Criss Oliva, American musician (Savatage) (d. 1993)
  • 1963 – Jack Del Rio, American football coach
  • 1963 – Tsuyoshi Sekito, Japanese composer
  • 1964 – Bjarne Riis, Danish cyclist
  • 1964 – Andy Robinson, English rugby player
  • 1965 – Nazia Hassan, First South Asian Pop Singer (d.2000)
  • 1966 – Mina Tominaga, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
  • 1966 – John de Vries, Australian racing driver
  • 1967 – Brent Gilchrist, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mark Skaife, Australian racing driver
  • 1968 – Sebastian Bach, Canadian musician (Skid Row)
  • 1968 – Charlotte Coleman, English actress (d. 2001)
  • 1968 – Jamie Hewlett, English illustrator (Tank Girl and Gorillaz)
  • 1969 – Lance Storm, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Picabo Street, American alpine ski champion
  • 1972 – Jennie Garth, American actress
  • 1972 – Sandrine Testud, French Top-10 tennis player
  • 1973 – Matthew Ferguson, Canadian actor
  • 1973 – Jamie Bamber, English actor
  • 1975 – Michael Olowokandi, Nigerian basketball player
  • 1975 – Aries Spears, American comedian
  • 1975 – Mickey Beyer Clausen, Danish entrepreneur and philanthropist
  • 1975 – Shawn Bates, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Koji Uehara, Japanese professional baseball pitcher
  • 1975 – Yoshinobu Takahashi, Japanese professional baseball player
  • 1976 – Drew Shirley, American musician (Switchfoot)
  • 1976 – Will Mellor, English actor
  • 1978 – Tommy Haas, German tennis player
  • 1978 – Matthew Goode, English actor
  • 1978 – John Smit, South African rugby player
  • 1981 – Heath Ramsay, Australian Olympic swimmer
  • 1981 – Aaron Bertram, American musician, Suburban Legends
  • 1981 – Matthew Nash, Australian soccer player
  • 1982 – Fler, German rapper
  • 1982 – Iain Fyfe, Australian soccer player
  • 1982 – Kasumi Nakane, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1982 – Cobie Smulders, Canadian actress
  • 1983 – Errol Barnett, English reporter
  • 1984 – Jonathan Blondel, Belgian footballer
  • 1984 – Maxi López, Argentine footballer
  • 1985 – Leona Lewis, English singer
  • 1986 – Amanda Bynes, American actress
  • 1986 – Sergio Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1987 – Sal Zizzo, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Julie Sokolow, American musician
  • 1988 – Peter Hartley, English footballer
  • 1988 – Tim Krul, Dutch footballer
  • 1993 – Dakoda Dowd, American golfer

April 3 – Deaths:

  • 963 – William III, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 915)
  • 1287 – Pope Honorius IV
  • 1350 – Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1295)
  • 1606 – Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devon, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1680 – Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire (b. 1630)
  • 1682 – Bartolomé Estéban Murillo, Spanish painter (b. 1618)
  • 1691 – Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1608)
  • 1695 – Melchior d’Hondecoeter, Dutch painter
  • 1717 – Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)
  • 1728 – James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
  • 1792 – George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
  • 1804 – Jedrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • 1827 – Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)
  • 1849 – Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (b. 1809)
  • 1868 – Franz Berwald, Swedish composer and inventor (b. 1796)
  • 1882 – Jesse James, American outlaw (b. 1847)
  • 1897 – Johannes Brahms, German composer (b. 1833)
  • 1901 – Richard D’Oyly Carte, British impresario (b. 1844)
  • 1930 – Emma Albani, Canadian soprano (b. 1847)
  • 1932 – Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1853)
  • 1936 – Bruno Hauptmann, German killer of Charles Lindbergh III (b. 1899)
  • 1943 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893)
  • 1950 – Carter G. Woodson, African American historian, author, journalist and founder of Black History Month (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Kurt Weill, German composer (b. 1900)
  • 1952 – Miina Sillanpää, Finnish politician, first female Finnish minister (b. 1866)
  • 1965 – Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter
  • 1971 – Joseph Valachi, American gangster (b. 1904)
  • 1972 – Ferde Grofé, American composer (b. 1882)
  • 1975 – Mary Ure, Scottish actress (b. 1933)
  • 1978 – Ray Noble, English bandleader and composer (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Juan Trippe, Airline entrepreneur and pioneer, Pan Am founder (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Warren Oates, American character actor (b. 1928)
  • 1986 – Peter Pears, English tenor (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Tom Sestak, American football player (b. 1936)
  • 1990 – Sarah Vaughan, American singer (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – Charles Goren, American bridge player, writer, and columnist (b. 1901)
  • 1991 – Graham Greene, English writer (b. 1904)
  • 1993 – Pinky Lee, American comic and children’s television host (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Frank Wells, American entertainment businessman (b. 1932)
  • 1995 – Alfred J. Billes, Canadian businessman (Canadian Tire) (b. 1902)
  • 1996 – Ron Brown, U.S. Secretary of Commerce (b. 1941)
  • 1996 – Carl Stokes, Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1927)
  • 1998 – Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1999 – Lionel Bart, English composer (Oliver!) (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Terence McKenna, American writer and philosopher (b. 1946)
  • 2002 – Fad Gadget, English singer and musician (b. 1956)
  • 2003 – Michael Kelly, American journalist (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Tony Croatto, Italian-born singer (b. 1940)
  • 2007 – Marion Eames, Welsh novelist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Nina Wang, Asia’s Richest Woman (b. 1937)

April 3 – Holidays:

  • Sizdah be dar (Outdoor thirteen). In Iran, people play jokes on each other on April 3, the thirteenth day of the Persian calendar new year (Norooz).
  • Liturgical feasts:

o    Saint Agape (d. 304)

o    Saint Richard (d. 1253)

o    Saint Sixtus I

o    Saint Mary of Egypt

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On This Day in History April 2

April 2 – Events:

  • 68 – Galba, governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of Roman emperors begun with Julius Caesar and Augustus.
  • 1453 – Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (Istanbul), which would fall on May 29.
  • 1513 – Juan Ponce de Leon sets foot on Florida becoming the first known European to do so.
  • 1755 – Commodore William James captures pirate fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India.
  • 1792 – The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint.
  • 1801 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Copenhagen – The British destroy the Danish fleet.
  • 1804 – Forty merchantmen are wrecked when a convoy led by HMS Apollo runs aground off Portugal.
  • 1810 – Napoleon Bonaparte marries Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.
  • 1863 – Richmond Bread Riot: Food shortages incite hundreds of angry women to riot in Richmond, Virginia and demand the Confederate government to release emergency supplies.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Siege of Petersburg broken – Union troops capture the trenches  around Petersburg, Virginia, forcing Confederate General Robert E. Lee to retreat.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis and most of his Cabinet flee the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1900 – The Foraker Act passes through Congress, giving Puerto Ricans limited self-rule.
  • 1902 – Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg.
  • 1902 – “Electric Theatre,” the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1917 – World War I: The Battle of Vimy Ridge commences when the Canada Corps launches an artillery bombardment of the German trenches. To that time, the biggest artillery bombardment in history.
  • 1917 – World War I: U.S. President Woodrow Wilson asks the U.S. Congress for a declaration of war on Germany.
  • 1917 – The first woman ever elected to the U.S. Congress, Jeannette Rankin, takes her seat as a representative from Montana.
  • 1930 – Haile Selassie is proclaimed emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1945 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil were established.
  • 1962 – The first official Panda crossing is opened outside Waterloo station, London.
  • 1972 – Actor Charlie Chaplin returns to the United States for the first time since being labeled a communist in the early 1950s during the Red Scare.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Easter Offensive begins – North Vietnamese soldiers of the 304th Division take the northern half of Quang Tri Province.
  • 1973 – Launch of LexisNexis computerized legal research service.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.
  • 1975 – CN Tower completed in Toronto Ontario Canada: reaches 553.33 metres in height, becoming the world’s tallest free-standing structure.
  • 1980 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs the Crude Oil Windfall Profits Tax Act in an effort to help the U.S. economy rebound.
  • 1982 – Falklands War: 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands by Argentina.
  • 1984 – Sqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma is launched aboard Soyuz T-11, and becomes the first Indian in space.
  • 1989 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev arrives in Havana, Cuba to meet with Fidel Castro in an attempt to mend strained relations.
  • 1991 – First female Premier of a Canadian province takes office. Rita Johnston succeeds William Vander Zalm, who resigned, as Premier of British Columbia.
  • 1992 – In New York, Mafia boss John Gotti is convicted of murder and racketeering and is later sentenced to life in prison.
  • 2002 – Israeli forces surrounded the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem into which armed Palestinians retreated. A siege ensues.
  • 2004 – Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt a thwarted bombing of the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid.
  • 2006 – Over 60 tornadoes breakout, hardest hit is Tennessee with 29 people killed.

April 2 – Birthdays:

  • 742 – Charlemagne (d. 814)
  • 1348 – Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1385)
  • 1527 – Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and geographer (d. 1598)
  • 1565 – Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch explorer (d. 1599)
  • 1618 – Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (d. 1663)
  • 1653 – Prince George of Denmark, prince consort of Anne of England (d. 1708)
  • 1719 – Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim, German poet (d. 1803)
  • 1725 – Giacomo Casanova, Italian adventurer and writer (d. 1798)
  • 1743 – Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 1781 – Bhagwan Swaminarayan, religious leader (d. 1830)
  • 1788 – Francisco Balagtas, Filipino poet (d. 1862)
  • 1798 – August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, German poet (d. 1874)
  • 1805 – Hans Christian Andersen, Danish writer (d. 1875)
  • 1812 – Louise-Marie of France, queen of Belgium (d. 1850)
  • 1814 – Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor (d. 1879)
  • 1827 – William Holman Hunt, English painter (d. 1910)
  • 1838 – Léon Gambetta, French statesman (d. 1882)
  • 1840 – Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (d. 1902)
  • 1862 – Nicholas Murray Butler, president of Columbia University, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer (d. 1925)
  • 1869 – Hughie Jennings, American baseball player and manager (d. 1928)
  • 1875 – Walter Chrysler, American automobile pioneer (d. 1940)
  • 1884 – Sir John Squire, British poet, writer, and historian (d. 1958))
  • 1891 – Max Ernst, German painter (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (d. 1942)
  • 1902 – Jan Tschichold, German typographer (d. 1974)
  • 1903 – Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (d. 1987)
  • 1907 – Luke Appling, American baseball player (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Buddy Ebsen, American actor and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Paul Triquet, Canadian military officer (d. 1980)
  • 1912 – Herbert Mills, American singer (The Mills Brothers) (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Sir Alec Guinness, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Dabbs Greer, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Lou Monte, American singer (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Jack Webb, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1982)
  • 1923 – G. Spencer-Brown, English mathematician
  • 1923 – Clifford Scott Green, American Federal Judge
  • 1926 – George MacDonald Fraser, English author
  • 1926 – Sir Jack Brabham, Australian race car driver, three-time F1 world champion and co-founder of eponymous race team
  • 1927 – Carmen Basilio, American boxer
  • 1927 – Ferenc Puskás, Hungarian footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Kenneth Tynan, English critic and writer (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Joseph Cardinal Bernardin, American cardinal (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (d. 1991)
  • 1934 – Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Brian Glover, British actor and wrestler (d. 1997)
  • 1937 – Dick Radatz, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – John Larsson, 17th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1938 – Whirlaway, American thoroughbred racehorse, 1941 Triple Crown Winner (d. 1953)
  • 1938 – Booker Little, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1961)
  • 1939 – Marvin Gaye, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1939 – Lise Thibault, Lieutenant-governor of Quebec
  • 1940 – Penelope Keith, English actress
  • 1941 – Dr. Demento, American radio personality
  • 1942 – Leon Russell, American blues-rock pianist/guitarist session musician
  • 1942 – Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef
  • 1945 – Linda Hunt, American actress
  • 1945 – Reggie Smith, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Don Sutton, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Anne Waldman, American poet
  • 1946 – Kurt Winter, Canadian guitarist (The Guess Who) (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Emmylou Harris, American singer
  • 1947 – Camille Paglia, American feminist writer
  • 1948 – Dimitris Mitropanos, Greek singer
  • 1949 – Paul Gambaccini, British television presenter
  • 1949 – Pamela Reed, American actress
  • 1949 – Ron Palillo, American actor
  • 1951 – Ayako Okamoto, Japanese golfer
  • 1951 – Moriteru Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist
  • 1952 – Pat Drummond, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1952 – Thierry Le Luron, French humorist (d. 1986)
  • 1952 – Leon Wilkeson, American rock bassist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 2001)
  • 1953 – Jim Allister, Northern Irish politician
  • 1953 – David Robinson, American musician
  • 1953 – Debralee Scott, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – Allan Davis, Australian diplomat
  • 1954 – Susumu Hirasawa, Japanese electropop musician
  • 1955 – Dana Carvey, American actor, SNL
  • 1955 – Michael Stone, British terrorist
  • 1959 – Juha Kankkunen, Finnish race car driver
  • 1959 – Badou Zaki, Morrocan footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Linford Christie, English athlete
  • 1960 – Brad Jones, Australian racing driver
  • 1961 – Christopher Meloni, American actor
  • 1961 – Keren Woodward, English singer (Bananarama)
  • 1962 – Pierre Carles, French documentarist
  • 1962 – Clark Gregg, American actor
  • 1962 – Mark Shulman, American children’s author
  • 1963 – Mike Gascoyne, British engineer
  • 1964 – Pete Incaviglia, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Rodney King, American victim of police brutality
  • 1966 – Bill Romanowski, American football player
  • 1966 – Teddy Sheringham, English footballer
  • 1966 – Garnet Silk, Jamaican singer (d. 1994)
  • 1967 – Greg Camp, American musician (Smash Mouth)
  • 1967 – Helen Chamberlain, British television presenter
  • 1970 – Roselyn Sanchez, Puerto Rican actress
  • 1971 – Todd Woodbridge, Australian tennis player
  • 1971 – ZEEBRA, Japanese hip hop artist
  • 1972 – Chico Slimani, Moroccoan-British singer
  • 1974 – Håkan Hellström, Swedish musician
  • 1975 – Adam Rodriguez, American actor
  • 1976 – Rory Sabbatini, South African golfer
  • 1977 – Michael Fassbender, Actor
  • 1977 – Jelena Abbou, Serbian fitness model
  • 1976 – Andreas Anastasopoulos, Greek shot putter
  • 1978 – John Gall, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Jesse Carmichael, American musician (Maroon 5)
  • 1980 – Carlos Salcido, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Adam Fleming, English news reporter
  • 1980 – Ricky Hendrick, NASCAR driver and owner
  • 1981 – Michael Clarke, Australian cricketer
  • 1981 – Bethany Joy Lenz-Galeotti, American actress
  • 1982 – Marco Amelia, Italian World Cup-winning footballer
  • 1982 – Jeremy Bloom, American skier and football player
  • 1982 – Bianca Chatfield, Australian netballer
  • 1982 – Jack Evans, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Leyla Milani, Canadian actress and model
  • 1983 – Felix Borja, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1983 – Yung Joc, American rapper
  • 1983 – Paul Capdeville, Chilean tennis player
  • 1984 – Meryl Cassie, New Zealand actress
  • 1991 – Taylor Henderson, Australian musician

April 2 – Deaths:

  • 1118 – Baldwin I of Jerusalem, King of Jerusalem
  • 1272 – Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1209)
  • 1335 – Duke Henry of Carinthia
  • 1412 – Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo, Spanish traveler and writer
  • 1502 – Prince Arthur Tudor, son of Henry VII of England (b. 1486)
  • 1507 – Francis of Paola, Italian founder of the Order of the Minims (b. 1416)
  • 1657 – Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1608)
  • 1657 – Jean-Jacques Olier – French catholic priest, founder of the Society of Saint-Sulpice (b. 1608)
  • 1720 – Joseph Dudley, colonial Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1647)
  • 1742 – James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • 1747 – Johann Jacob Dillenius, German botanist (b. 1684)
  • 1754 – Thomas Carte, English historian (b. 1686)
  • 1787 – Thomas Gage, British general (b. 1719)
  • 1791 – Mirabeau, French statesman (b. 1749)
  • 1801 – Thomas Dadford Junior, British canal engineer
  • 1803 – Sir James Montgomery, 1st Baronet, Scottish politician and judge (b. 1721)
  • 1817 – Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (b. 1740)
  • 1827 – Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus, German physician and naturalist (b. 1776)
  • 1845 – Philip Charles Durham, Royal Navy Admiral (b. 1763)
  • 1865 – General A. P. Hill, American Confederate general (b. 1825)
  • 1872 – Samuel F. B. Morse, American painter and inventor of the telegraph (b. 1791)
  • 1902 – Esther Morris, suffragist and first female American judge (b. 1814)
  • 1914 – Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1830)
  • 1922 – Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychologist (b. 1884)
  • 1928 – Theodore William Richards, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1868)
  • 1930 – Empress Zauditu of Ethiopia (b. 1876)
  • 1936 – Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (b. 1860)
  • 1953 – Hugo Sperrle, German field marshal (b. 1885)
  • 1966 – C. S. Forester, English author (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Franz Halder, German general (b. 1884)
  • 1972 – Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Japanese Martial Arts Grandmaster (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – Gil Hodges, American baseball player and manager (b. 1924)
  • 1974 – Georges Pompidou, President of France (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Buddy Rich, American drummer (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Tomisaburo Wakayama, Japanese actor (b. 1929)
  • 1992 – Juan Gómez González, Spanish footballplayer (b. 1954)
  • 1994 – Betty Furness, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Harvey Penick, American golf instructor (b. 1904)
  • 1995 – Hannes Alfvén, Swedish physicist (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Rob Pilatus, American model and entertainer (Milli Vanilli) (b. 1965)
  • 2000 – Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Charles Daudelin, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Jennifer Syme, American actress (b. 1972)
  • 2003 – Edwin Starr, American singer (b. 1942)
  • 2004 – John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Pope John Paul II (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Nina Schenk von Stauffenberg, German wife of freedom fighter Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg (b. 1913)

April 2 – Holidays:

  • International Children’s Book Day
  • Malvinas Day in Argentina
  • Sizdah be dar in Iran
  • Saint Franciscus of Paola

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