On This Day in History October 17

October 17 – Events:

  • 539 BC – King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile and making the first Human Rights Declaration.
  • 1091 – T8/F4 tornado strikes the heart of London.
  • 1244 – Battle of La Forbie: Crusaders are defeated by Khwarezmians and Egyptians.
  • 1346 – Battle of Neville’s Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
  • 1448 – Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
  • 1456 – The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
  • 1604 – Kepler’s Star: German astronomer Johannes Kepler observes that an exceptionally bright star had suddenly appeared in the constellation. Ophiuchus, which turned out to be the last supernova to have been observed in our own galaxy, the Milky Way.
  • 1610 – French king Louis XIII is crowned in Rheims.
  • 1660 – Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.
  • 1662 – Charles II of England sells Dunkirk to France for 40,000 pounds.
  • 1777 – American troops defeat the British in the Battle of Saratoga.
  • 1781 – General Charles Cornwallis offers his surrender to the American revolutionists at Yorktown, Virginia.
  • 1797 – Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria.
  • 1800 – England takes control of the Dutch colony of Curaçao.
  • 1806 – Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti was assassinated after an oppressive rule.
  • 1860 – First The Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open).
  • 1888 – Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).
  • 1907 – Guglielmo Marconi’s company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
  • 1912 – Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War.
  • 1917 – First British bombing of Germany in World War I.
  • 1931 – Al Capone convicted of income tax evasion.
  • 1933 – Albert Einstein, fleeing Nazi Germany, moves to the US.
  • 1941 – For the first time in World War II, a German submarine attacks an American ship.
  • 1945 – A massive number of people, headed by CGT and Evita, gather in the Plaza de Mayo in Argentina to demand Juan Peron’s release. This is known to the Peronists as the Día de la lealtad (day of loyalty). It’s considered the birthday of Peronism.
  • 1961 – Scores of Algerian protesters (some claim up to 400) are massacred by the Paris police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Prefecture of Police.
  • 1965 – The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair closes after a two year run. More than 51 million people had attended the two-year event.
  • 1966 – A fire at a building in New York, New York kills 12 firefighters, the New York City Fire Department’s deadliest day until the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  • 1970 – Montreal, Quebec: Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte murdered by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
  • 1973 – OPEC starts an oil embargo against a number of western countries, considered to have helped Israel in its war against Syria.
  • 1977 – German Autumn: Four days after it was hijacked, Lufthansa Flight 181 lands in Mogadishu, Somalia, where a team of German GSG 9 commandos later rescues all remaining hostages on board.
  • 1979 – Mother Teresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1979 – The Department of Education Organization Act is signed into law creating the US Department of Education and US Department of Health and Human Services. Both replace the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
  • 1989 – Loma Prieta earthquake (7.1 on the Richter scale) hits the San Francisco Bay Area and causes 57 deaths directly (and 6 indirectly).
  • 2000 – Train crash at Hatfield, north of London, leading to collapse of Railtrack.
  • 2003 – The pinnacle was fitted on the roof of Taipei 101, a 101-floor skyscraper in Taipei, allowing it to surpass the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur by 50 meters (165 feet) and become the World’s tallest highrise.
  • 2003 – Eunuchs in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh float the political party Jiti Jitayi Politics.
  • 2006 – The United States population reaches 300 million.

October 17 – Birthdays:

  • 1253 – Ivo of Kermartin, French saint (d. 1303)
  • 1563 – Jodocus Hondius, Flemish cartographer (d. 1611)
  • 1577 – Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (d. 1621)
  • 1582 – Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (d. 1637)
  • 1623 – Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (d. 1687)
  • 1688 – Domenico Zipoli, Italian composer (d. 1726)
  • 1711 – Jupiter Hammon, American writer
  • 1719 – Jacques Cazotte, French writer (d. 1792)
  • 1811 – Albertus van Raalte, Dutch/American religious leader (d. 1876)
  • 1813 – Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)
  • 1817 – Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual (d. 1898)
  • 1853 – Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1864 – Elinor Glyn, British writer (d. 1943)
  • 1865 – James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
  • 1886 – Spring Byington, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 1890 – Roy Kilner, English cricketer (d. 1928)
  • 1892 – Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
  • 1892 – Herbert Howells, English Composer (d. 1983)
  • 1898 – Shinichi Suzuki, Japanese violin teacher (d. 1998)
  • 1898 – Simon Vestdijk, Dutch writer (d. 1971)
  • 1900 – Jean Arthur, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1902 – Irene Ryan, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – Nathanael West, American writer (d. 1940)
  • 1906 – Paul Derringer, American baseball player (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Red Rolfe, American baseball player (d. 1969)
  • 1912 – Pope John Paul I (d. 1978)
  • 1912 – Jack Owens, The Cruising Crooner, American singer/songwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1914 – Jerry Siegel, American cartoonist, co-creator of Superman (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Arthur Miller, American playwright (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian (later American) novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Rita Hayworth, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1919 – Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist
  • 1920 – Miguel Delibes, Spanish writer
  • 1920 – Montgomery Clift, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1921 – Tom Poston, American actor and comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Maria Gorokhovskaya, Soviet gymnast (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Pierre Juneau, Canadian film and broadcast executive
  • 1922 – Luiz Bonfá, Brazilian composer (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Charles McClendon, American football coach (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Barney Kessel, American musician (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Harry Carpenter, English sports commentator
  • 1926 – Julie Adams, American film actress
  • 1930 – Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Jimmy Breslin, American newspaper columnist and author
  • 1931 – Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian writer
  • 1933 – Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun (d. 1985)
  • 1934 – Johnny Haynes, English footballer (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Hiroo Kanamori, Japanese seismologist
  • 1937 – Paxton Whitehead, English actor
  • 1938 – Evel Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Peter Stringfellow, British nightclub owner
  • 1940 – Jim Smith, English footballer and manager.
  • 1941 – Earl Thomas Conley, American singer
  • 1941 – Jim Seals American singer (Seals and Crofts)
  • 1942 – Gary Puckett, American musician
  • 1946 – Sir Cameron Mackintosh, British stage producer
  • 1946 – Adam Michnik, Polish activist
  • 1946 – Bob Seagren, American athlete
  • 1946 – Michael Hossack, American musician (The Doobie Brothers)
  • 1947 – Gene Green, American politician
  • 1947 – Michael McKean, American actor
  • 1948 – Margot Kidder, Canadian actress
  • 1948 – George Wendt, American actor
  • 1948 – Robert Jordan, American novelist (d. 2007)
  • 1950 – Howard Rollins, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1955 – Georgios Alogoskoufis, Greek politician
  • 1956 – Mae Jemison, American astronaut
  • 1956 – Patrick McCrory, American politician and Mayor of Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1957 – Lawrence Bender, American film producer
  • 1957 – Steve McMichael, American football player
  • 1958 – Alan Jackson, American singer and songwriter
  • 1959 – Ron Drummond, American writer
  • 1959 – Mark Peel, Australian historian and academic
  • 1959 – Richard Roeper, American film critic
  • 1959 – Russell Gilbert, Australian comedian
  • 1960 – Rob Marshall, American director
  • 1960 – Guy Henry, English actor
  • 1962 – Mike Judge, Ecuadoran-born cartoonist
  • 1963 – Sergio Goycochea, Argentine footballer
  • 1963 – Norm MacDonald, Canadian comedian
  • 1965 – Aravinda de Silva, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1966 – Mark Gatiss, English actor
  • 1966 – Tommy Kendall, American race car driver and television personality
  • 1967 – René Dif, Danish musician (Aqua)
  • 1968 – Ziggy Marley, Jamaican musician
  • 1969 – Wood Harris, American actor
  • 1969 – Ernie Els, South African golfer
  • 1969 – Rick Mercer, Canadian comedian
  • 1970 – Anil Kumble, Indian cricketer
  • 1970 – John Mabry, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Chris Kirkpatrick, American singer (‘N Sync)
  • 1972 – Eminem, American rapper
  • 1972 – Tarkan, Turkish singer
  • 1972 – Wyclef Jean, Haitian-born singer
  • 1972 – Joe McEwing, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Matthew Macfadyen, British actor
  • 1974 – Janne “Burton” Puurtinen, Finnish keyboarder for the band, HIM
  • 1974 – John Rocker, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Francis Bouillon, American hockey player
  • 1976 – Sebastián Abreu, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1977 – Dudu Aouate, Israeli footballer
  • 1979 – Marcela Bovio, Mexican singer and violinist (Elfonía, Stream of Passion)
  • 1979 – Kimi Räikkönen, Finnish race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
  • 1979 – Kostas Tsartsaris, Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Ekaterina Gamova, Russian volleyball player
  • 1980 – Alessandro Piccolo, Italian racing driver
  • 1982 – Nick Riewoldt, Australian rules footballer
  • 1983 – Daniel Booko, American actor
  • 1983 – Ivan Saenko, Russian football player
  • 1984 – Jelle Klaasen, Dutch darts player
  • 1984 – Chris Lowell, American actor
  • 1987 – Bea Alonzo, Filipino actress
  • 1987 – Jaroslaw Fojut, Polish footballer
  • 1992 – Matthew Crane, British operatic singer
  • 1992 – Sam Concepcion, Filipino performer and actor
  • 1995 – Alexandria, McKenzie and Megan Calabrese, American triplets and actresses

October 17 – Deaths:

  • 532 – Pope Boniface II
  • 1174 – Queen Petronila of Aragon (b. 1135)
  • 1586 – Philip Sidney, English courtier, soldier, and writer (killed in battle) (b. 1554)
  • 1616 – John Pitts, Catholic scholar and writer. (b. 1560)
  • 1660 – Adrian Scrope, English regicide (b. 1601)
  • 1673 – Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, English statesman (b. 1630)
  • 1757 – René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
  • 1776 – Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (b. 1681)
  • 1780 – William Cookworthy, English chemist (b. 1705)
  • 1786 – Johann Ludwig Aberli, Swiss artist (b. 1723)
  • 1806 – Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Haitian independence leader (b. 1758)
  • 1836 – Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (b. 1782)
  • 1837 – Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian virtuoso pianist and composer (b. 1778)
  • 1849 – Frédéric Chopin, Polish-French musician and composer (b. 1810)
  • 1868 – Laura Secord, Canadian heroine of the war of 1812 (b. 1775)
  • 1887 – Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (b. 1824)
  • 1889 – Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1828)
  • 1910 – Julia Ward Howe, American composer and abolitionist (b. 1819)
  • 1931 – Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (b. 1884)
  • 1934 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist and neuroscientist, recipient of the
  • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Karl Kautsky, Marxist theoretician (b. 1854)
  • 1943 – Stefan Starzynski, Polish politician (b. 1893)
  • 1958 – Charlie Townsend, English cricketer (b. 1876)
  • 1958 – Paul Outerbridge, American photographer (b. 1896)
  • 1962 – Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1963 – Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (b. 1865)
  • 1965 – John Barton King, Philadelphian cricketer (b. 1873)
  • 1966 – Wieland Wagner, German stage director (b. 1917)
  • 1967 – Henry Pu Yi, last Emperor of China (b. 1906)
  • 1970 – Pierre Laporte, Vice-Premier of Quebec (assassinated) (b. 1921)
  • 1970 – Vola Vale, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1972 – Turk Broda, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
  • 1972 – Prince George of Yugoslavia (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – Billy Williams, American singer (b. 1910)
  • 1973 – Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian writer (b. 1926)
  • 1979 – S. J. Perelman, American writer (b. 1904)
  • 1979 – John Stuart, Scottish actor (b. 1898)
  • 1981 – Albert Cohen, Swiss author (b. 1895)
  • 1983 – Raymond Aron, French philosopher (b. 1905)
  • 1991 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer and television performer (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – Orestis Laskos, Greek film director, screenwriter and actor (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Criss Oliva, American musician (Savatage) (b. 1963)
  • 1996 – Chris Acland, English drummer (Lush) (b. 1966)
  • 1998 – Joan Hickson, British actress (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar and philanthropist
  • 1999 – Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer
  • scientist (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Leo Nomellini, wrestler (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Jay Livingston, American songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli politician (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Derek Bell, Irish harpist (The Chieftans) (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Aileen Riggin, American swimmer (b. 1906)
  • 2004 – Uzi Hitman, Israeli singer (b. 1952)
  • 2005 – Ba Jin, Chinese writer (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Franky Gee, European techno artist (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Daniel Emilfork, French actor (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Christopher Glenn, American newscaster (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Joey Bishop, American entertainer, member of the Rat Pack (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Teresa Brewer, American pop and jazz singer (b. 1931)

October 17 – Holidays:

  • C. Saints – Saint Ignatius of Antioch; translation of Saint Audrey (Æthelthryth); Saint Richard Gwyn; Saint Catervus; Saint Marguerite Marie Alacoque
  • Haiti – Death of Jean-Jacques Dessalines (1806), State holiday
  • French Republican Calendar – Aubergine (Eggplant) Day, twenty-sixth day in the Month of Vendémiaire International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

 

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On This Day in History October 16

October 16 – Events:

  • 456 – Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western Roman Empire.
  • 1775 – Portland, Maine burnt by the British.
  • 1780 – Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont last major raid of the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1781 – George Washington captures Yorktown, Virginia after the Siege of Yorktown.
  • 1793 – Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI is guillotined at the height of the French Revolution.
  • 1793 – Battle of Wattignies.
  • 1813 – The Sixth Coalition attacks Napoleon Bonaparte in the Battle of Leipzig.
  • 1834 – Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster in London is burnt down.
  • 1841 – Queen’s University is founded in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
  • 1843 – Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a noncommutative extension of complex numbers.
  • 1859 – John Brown leads raid on Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1869 – Cardiff Giant, one of the most famous American hoaxes, is discovered.
  • 1869 – England’s first residential college for women, Girton College, Cambridge, is founded.
  • 1875 – Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.
  • 1882 – The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business.
  • 1905 – The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred.
  • 1906 – The Captain of Köpenick fools the city hall of Köpenick and several soldiers by impersonating a Prussian officer.
  • 1916 – Margaret Sanger founds Planned Parenthood by opening the first U.S. birth control clinic.
  • 1923 – The Walt Disney Company is founded by Walt Disney and his brother, Roy Disney.
  • 1934 – Chinese Communists begin the Long March; it ended a year and four days later, by which time Mao Zedong had regained his title as party chairman.
  • 1939 – World War II: First attack on British territory by German Luftwaffe.
  • 1940 – Benjamin O. Davis Sr. named first African American general in the United States Army.
  • 1940 – Warsaw Ghetto established.
  • 1945 – The Food and Agriculture Organization was founded in Quebec City, Canada.
  • 1946 – Ten war criminals of the Second World War, condemned in the Nuremberg trials are hanged.
  • 1949 – Nikolaos Zachariadis, leader of the Communist Party of Greece, announces a “temporary cease-fire”, effectively ending the Greek Civil War.
  • 1949 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and German Democratic Republic were established.
  • 1951 – The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis between the United States and Cuba began.
  • 1964 – People’s Republic of China detonates its first nuclear weapon; Soviet leaders Leonid Brezhnev and Aleksey Kosygin are inaugurated as General Secretary of the CPSU and Premier, respectively.
  • 1968 – United States athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos are kicked out of the USA’s team for performing a Black Power salute during a medal ceremony.
  • 1968 – Kingston, Jamaica is rocked by the Rodney Riots, inspired by the barring of Walter Rodney from the country.
  • 1970 – Canada – In response to the October Crisis terrorist kidnapping, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act.
  • 1973 – Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1975 – The Balibo Five, a group of Australian television journalists based in the town of Balibo in the then Portuguese Timor (now East Timor), are killed by Indonesian troops.
  • 1978 – Pope John Paul II is elected in Rome.
  • 1984 – Desmond Tutu is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1987 – Great Storm of 1987: hurricane force winds to hit much of the South of England killing 23 people.
  • 1991 – Luby’s massacre: George Hennard runs amok in Killeen, Texas, killing 23 and wounding 20 in Luby’s Cafeteria.
  • 1991 – Jharkhand Chhatra Yuva Morcha is founded at a conference in Ranchi, India.
  • 1993 – Anti-Nazi riot breaks out in Welling in Kent, after police stop protesters approaching British National Party headquarters
  • 1995 – The Million Man March occurs in Washington, DC.
  • 1996 – Eighty-four people are killed and more than 180 injured as 47,000 football fans attempt to squeeze into the 36,000-seat Estadio Mateo Flores in Guatemala City.
  • 2002 – Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, is officially inaugurated.

October 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1396 – William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English soldier (d. 1450)
  • 1430 – King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
  • 1483 – Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (d. 1542)
  • 1535 – Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (d. 1585)
  • 1663 – Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (d. 1736)
  • 1710 – Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1790)
  • 1714 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (d. 1795)
  • 1726 – Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (d. 1801)
  • 1751 – Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Queen of Prussia (d. 1805)
  • 1752 – Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (d. 1827)
  • 1754 – Morgan Lewis, Governor of New York (1804-07) (d. 1844)
  • 1758 – Noah Webster, American lexicographer (d. 1843)
  • 1762 – Paul Hamilton, Governor of South Carolina (1804-06) and U.S. Secretary of Navy (1809-12) (d. 1816)
  • 1789 – William Burton, Governor of Delaware (1859-63) (d. 1866)
  • 1795 – William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (d. 1876)
  • 1802 – Isaac Murphy, Governor of Arkansas (1864-68) (d. 1882)
  • 1806 – William Pitt Fessenden, U.S. Secretary of Treasury (1864-65) (d. 1869)
  • 1815 – Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
  • 1819 – Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • 1840 – Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1900)
  • 1841 – Prince Hirobumi Ito, Japanese governor of Korea (d. 1909)
  • 1854 – Oscar Wilde, Irish writer (d. 1900)
  • 1854 – Karl Kautsky, Marxist theoretician (d. 1938)
  • 1855 – Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • 1861 – J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
  • 1863 – Austen Chamberlain, English statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1937)
  • 1878 – Maxey Long, American athlete (d. 1959)
  • 1883 – Vasiliki Maliaros, Greek actress (d. 1973)
  • 1886 – David Ben-Gurion, first Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1973)
  • 1888 – Eugene O’Neill, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
  • 1888 – Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
  • 1890 – Michael Collins, Irish patriot (d. 1922)
  • 1890 – Paul Strand, American photographer (d. 1975)
  • 1897 – Louis de Cazenave, France’s oldest living man
  • 1898 – William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1980)
  • 1900 – Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (d. 2003)
  • 1906 – León Klimovsky, Argentine film director (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Enver Hoxha, Albanian dictator (d. 1985)
  • 1914 – Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Alice Pearce, American actress (d. 1966)
  • 1918 – Louis Althusser, French Marxist philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Max Bygraves, English singer/songwriter
  • 1922 – Leon Sullivan, American civil rights leader and pastor (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1923 – Linda Darnell, American film actress (d. 1965)
  • 1925 – Angela Lansbury, English-born actress
  • 1927 – Günter Grass, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1928 – Mary Daly, American feminist
  • 1928 – Ann Morgan Guilbert, American actress
  • 1929 – Fernanda Montenegro, Brazilian actress
  • 1930 – Carmen Sevilla, Spanish actress
  • 1931 – Charles Colson, American Watergate conspirator
  • 1932 – John Grant, British politician (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Peter Ashdown, British racing driver
  • 1936 – Andrei Chikatilo, Russian serial killer (d. 1994)
  • 1936 – Akira Machida, Japanese judge
  • 1936 – Peter Bowles, English actor
  • 1937 – Tom Monaghan, founder of Dominos pizza
  • 1938 – Nico (born Christa Päffgen; singer-songwriter, fashion model, actress) (d. 1988)
  • 1938 – Carl Gunter Jr, Louisiana State Representative (d. 1999)
  • 1940 – Barry Corbin, American actor
  • 1940 – Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player (d. 2003)
  • 1941 – Tim McCarver, baseball player and commentator
  • 1943 – Fred Turner, Canadian bass player (Bachman-Turner Overdrive)
  • 1946 – Suzanne Somers, American actress
  • 1947 – Terry Griffiths, Welsh snooker player
  • 1947 – Bob Weir, American musician (Grateful Dead)
  • 1947 – David Zucker, American film director
  • 1948 – Leo Mazzone, American baseball coach
  • 1948 – Hema Malini, Indian Actress
  • 1952 – Boogie Mosson, American musician (P Funk)
  • 1952 – Ron Taylor, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1953 – Paulo Roberto Falcão, Brazilian footballer
  • 1953 – Tony Carey, American-born rock keyboardist, producer (Rainbow, Planet P Project)
  • 1954 – Stephen Mellor, American actor
  • 1956 – Johnny Chavis, American football coach
  • 1958 – Tim Robbins, American actor, director, and writer
  • 1958 – Eleftheria Arvanitaki, Greek singer
  • 1959 – Gary Kemp, British musician and actor
  • 1959 – Erkki-Sven Tüür, Estonian composer
  • 1959 – Brian Harper, baseball player
  • 1960 – Bob Mould, American musician
  • 1961 – Randy Vasquez, American actor
  • 1961 – Marc Levy, French novelist
  • 1962 – Flea, Australian musician (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1962 – Manute Bol, Sudanese-born basketball player for the NBA
  • 1962 – Dmitri Hvorostovsky, Russian baritone
  • 1965 – Steve Lamacq, British journalist and disc jockey
  • 1967 – Davina McCall, British television presenter
  • 1968 – Randall Batinkoff, American actor
  • 1968 – Elsa Zylberstein, French actress
  • 1969 – Roy Hargrove, American jazz trumpeter
  • 1969 – Terri J. Vaughn, American actress
  • 1969 – Wendy Wilson, American pop singer (Wilson Phillips)
  • 1970 – Mehmet Scholl, German footballer
  • 1970 – Kazuyuki Fujita, Japanese professional wrestler and mixed martial arts fighter
  • 1972 – Tomas Lindberg, Swedish musician (At the Gates)
  • 1972 – Darius Kasparaitis, National Hockey League player
  • 1972 – Kordell Stewart, American football player
  • 1973 – Chad Gray, American singer (Mudvayne)
  • 1973 – Peter Polaco, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – David Unsworth, English professional footballer
  • 1974 – Paul Kariya, Canadian hockey player
  • 1974 – Deo Grech, Maltese television presenter, songwriter
  • 1975 – Kellie Martin, American actress
  • 1975 – Brynjar Gunnarsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1975 – Jacques Kallis, South African cricketer
  • 1976 – Ryan Fitzgerald, Australian football (AFL) player and media personality
  • 1977 – John Mayer, American musician
  • 1979 – Erin Brown, American B-movie actress, model, filmmaker, former softcore erotic actress, and musician
  • 1980 – Sue Bird, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Jeremy Jackson, American actor
  • 1980 – Timana Tahu, Australian Rugby League player
  • 1981 – Caterina Scorsone, Canadian actress
  • 1981 – Anthony Reyes, starting pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals
  • 1981 – Martin Halle, Danish footballer
  • 1982 – Vincy Chan, Hong Kong singer
  • 1982 – Frédéric Michalak, French rugby player
  • 1984 – Trevor Blumas, Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Melissa Lauren, French pornographic actress
  • 1984 – Shayne Ward, UK singer, winner of The X Factor, series 2005
  • 1985 – Casey Stoner, Australian motorcycle racer and 2007 MotoGP World Champion
  • 1988 – Zoltán Stieber, Hungarian footballer

October 16-Deaths:

  • 1355 – Louis, King of Sicily, felled by the Black Death
  • 1553 – Lucas Cranach the Elder, German painter (b. 1472)
  • 1555 – Hugh Latimer, English Protestant (martyred)
  • 1555 – Nicholas Ridley, English Protestant (martyred)
  • 1591 – Pope Gregory XIV (b. 1535)
  • 1594 – William Cardinal Allen, English Catholic cardinal (b. 1532)
  • 1621 – Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Dutch composer (b. 1562)
  • 1628 – François de Malherbe, French poet and critic (b. 1555)
  • 1649 – Isaac van Ostade, Dutch painter (b. 1621)
  • 1655 – Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (b. 1591)
  • 1680 – Raimondo Montecuccoli, Italian-Austrian general (b. 1608 or 1609)
  • 1750 – Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German composer and lutenist (b. 1687)
  • 1755 – Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint (b. 1725)
  • 1781 – Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (b. 1705)
  • 1791 – Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin, Russian general and statesman (b. 1739)
  • 1793 – Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (executed) (b. 1755)
  • 1793 – John Hunter, eminent doctor and philosopher (b. 1728)
  • 1796 – Victor Amadeus III of Savoy (b. 1726)
  • 1810 – Nachman of Breslov, founder of Breslov Hasidut (b. 1772)
  • 1822 – Eva Marie Veigel, Austrian ballet dancer (b. 1724)
  • 1865 – Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)
  • 1877 – Theodore Barrière, French dramatist (b. 1823)
  • 1888 – John Wentworth, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
  • 1893 – Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, President of France (b. 1808)
  • 1909 – Jakub Bart-Cišinski, Sorbian writer (b. 1856)
  • 1937 – Jean de Brunhoff, French writer (b. 1899)
  • 1946 – Nuremberg trial executions
  • Hans Frank, German war criminal (b. 1900)
  • Wilhelm Frick, German war criminal (b. 1877)
  • Alfred Jodl, German military officer (b. 1890)
  • Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian SS officer (b. 1903)
  • Wilhelm Keitel, German military officer (b. 1882)
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop, German politician (b. 1893)
  • Alfred Rosenberg, Nazi ideologist (b. 1893)
  • Fritz Sauckel, German war criminal (b. 1894)
  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian Nazi leader (b. 1892)
  • Julius Streicher, German propagandist (b. 1887)
  • 1956 – Jules Rimet, president of FIFA (b. 1873)
  • 1959 – George Marshall, United States Secretary of State, Nobel laureate (b. 1880)
  • 1962 – Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher and poet (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – George O’Hara, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1968 – Ellis Kinder, baseball player (b. 1914)
  • 1972 – Hale Boggs, U.S. Congressman from Louisiana (b. 1914)
  • 1972 – Leo G. Carroll, English actor (b. 1892)
  • 1973 – Gene Krupa, American jazz drummer (b. 1909)
  • 1974 – Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar, noted Carnatic musician (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Dan Dailey, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1979 – Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Moshe Dayan, Israeli general (b. 1915)
  • 1982 – Mario del Monaco, Italian tenor (b. 1915)
  • 1983 – Jakov Gotovac, Croatian composer (b. 1895)
  • 1983 – Kelso, American racehorse (b. 1957)
  • 1986 – Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Cornel Wilde, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Jorge Bolet, Cuban-American classical pianist (b. 1914)
  • 1990 – Art Blakey, American jazz drummer (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Shirley Booth, American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1994 – Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Eric Malpass, English novelist (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Jason Bernard, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 1997 – James Michener, American writer (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Audra Lindley, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Jon Postel, American Internet pioneer (b. 1943)
  • 1999 – Jean Shepherd, American writer and actor (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Mel Carnahan, American politician (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Angela Dawson, American murder victim
  • 2003 – Avni Arbas, Turkish artist (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Stu Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – László Papp, Hungarian boxer (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Pierre Salinger, John F. Kennedy’s White House Press Secretary (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – “Len” Dresslar, American singer and voice actor (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Eugene “Porky” Lee, American child actor (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – David Reilly, American singer (God Lives Underwater) (b. 1971)
  • 2006 – Valentín Paniagua Corazao, Ex President of Peru (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Ross Davidson, British actor (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Tommy Johnson, American tubist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Lister Sinclair, Canadian broadcaster and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Toše Proeski, Macedonian music star (b. 1981)
  • 2007 – Barbara West, Second to last living Titanic survivor.

October 16 – Holidays:

  • Boss’s Day in the United States
  • Pope John Paul II Day in Poland
  • World Food Day
  • C. Saints – Gerard Majella and Hedwig

 

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On This Day in History October 15

October 15 – Events:

  • 533 – Byzantine general Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals.
  • 1552 – Khanate of Kazan is conquered by troops of Ivan Grozny.
  • 1582 – Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.
  • 1764 – Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
  • 1815 – Napoleon I of France begins his exile on Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The CSS H. L. Hunley, the first submarine to sink a ship, sinks during a test, killing its inventor, Horace L. Hunley.
  • 1878 – The Edison Electric Light Company begins operation.
  • 1880 – Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • 1888 – The “From Hell” letter sent by Jack the Ripper is received by the investigators.
  • 1894 – Alfred Dreyfus is arrested for spying – Dreyfus affair begins.
  • 1904 – The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War.
  • 1917 – World War I: At Vincennes outside of Paris, Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany.
  • 1928 – The airship, the Graf Zeppelin completed its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey, USA.
  • 1932 – Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
  • 1934 – The Soviet Republic of China collapses when Chiang Kai-shek’s National Revolutionary Army successfully encircle Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March.
  • 1939 – The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed La Guardia Airport) is dedicated.
  • 1940 – “The Great Dictator”, a satiric social commentary film by and starring Charlie Chaplin, is released.
  • 1944 – The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler’s NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • 1945 – World War II: The former premier of Vichy France Pierre Laval is shot by a firing squad for treason.
  • 1946 – Nuremberg Trials: Hermann Göring poisons himself the night before his execution.
  • 1951 – Television sitcom I Love Lucy premieres.
  • 1951 – Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesized the first oral contraceptive
  • 1953 – British nuclear test Totem 1 detonated at Emu Field, South Australia.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam stages the first public burning of a draft card in the United States to result in arrest under a new law.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: Hundreds of thousands of people take part in National Moratorium antiwar demonstrations across the United States.
  • 1970 – Thirty-five construction workers are killed when a section of the new West Gate Bridge in Melbourne collapses.
  • 1970 – Anwar Sadat becomes president of Egypt
  • 1971 – The start of the 2500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia.
  • 1973 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Gabon were established.
  • 1981 – Professional cheerleader Krazy George Henderson leads what is thought to be the first audience wave in Oakland, California.
  • 1987 – The Great Storm of 1987 hits France and England.
  • 1989 – Wayne Gretzky becomes the all-time leading points scorer in the NHL.
  • 1990 – Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation.
  • 1997 – The first supersonic land speed record is set by Andy Green in ThrustSSC (United Kingdom).
  • 1997 – The Cassini probe launches from Cape Canaveral on its way to Saturn.
  • 2001 – NASA’s Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter’s moon Io.
  • 2003 – China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.
  • 2003 – The Staten Island Ferry boat Andrew J. Barberi collides with a pier at the St. George Ferry Terminal in Staten Island, killing 11 people and injuring 43.
  • 2005 – Iraqi constitution ratification vote
  • 2005 – Riot in Toledo, Ohio breaks out during a National Socialist/Neo-Nazi protest; over 100 are arrested.

October 15 – Birthdays:

  • 70 BC – Virgil, Roman poet (d. 19 BC)
  • 1471 – Konrad Mutian, German humanist (d. 1526)
  • 1542 – Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, Mughal Emperor (d. 1605)
  • 1608 – Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (d. 1647)
  • 1686 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)
  • 1701 – Marie-Marguerite d’Youville, first native Canadian canonized (d. 1771)
  • 1711 – Elisabeth Teresa of Lorraine, queen of Sardinia (d. 1741)
  • 1784 – Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (d. 1849)
  • 1814 – Mikhail Lermontov, Russian author (d. 1841)
  • 1825 – Queen Marie of Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1829 – Asaph Hall, American astronomer (d. 1907)
  • 1836 – James Tissot, French artist (d. 1902)
  • 1840 – Honoré Mercier, politician and premier of Quebec (d. 1894)
  • 1844 – Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1858 – John L. Sullivan, American boxer (d. 1918)
  • 1872 – Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
  • 1874 – Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (d. 1899)
  • 1878 – Paul Reynaud, French politician (d. 1966)
  • 1879 – Jane Darwell, Academy Award-winning American actress (d. 1967)
  • 1881 – P. G. Wodehouse, British novelist (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Charley O’Leary, American baseball player (d. 1941)
  • 1884 – Arch Hoxsey, pioneer aviator (d. 1910)
  • 1893 – King Carol II of Romania (d. 1953)
  • 1894 – Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete (d. 1951)
  • 1900 – Mervyn LeRoy, American film director (d. 1987)
  • 1905 – C. P. Snow, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Hiram Leong Fong, American politician (d. 2004)
  • 1907 – Varian Fry, American journalist (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (d. 2006)
  • 1909 – Robert Trout, American reporter (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Jesse Leonard Greenstein, American astronomer (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Yitzhak Shamir, Israeli politician
  • 1917 – Jan Miner, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Arthur Schlesinger Jr., American historian and political commentator (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – Mario Puzo, American novelist (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Henri Verneuil, French film director (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese writer
  • 1923 – Italo Calvino. Italian writer (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Lee Iacocca, American industrialist
  • 1924 – Mark Lenard, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1924 – Marguerite Andersen, German writer
  • 1925 – Mickey Baker, American guitarist (Mickey & Sylvia)
  • 1926 – Michel Foucault, French philosopher (d. 1984)
  • 1926 – Evan Hunter, American author (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Jean Peters, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Karl Richter, German conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1930 – Fereydun M. Esfandiary, Iranian philosopher (d. 2000)
  • 1931 – Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, President of India
  • 1934 – N. Ramani, Indian flutist
  • 1935 – Bobby Joe Morrow, American sprinter
  • 1935 – Barry McGuire, American singer
  • 1938 – Fela Kuti, Nigerian musician (d. 1997)
  • 1938 – Marv Johnson, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1940 – Tommy Bishop, English rugby league player
  • 1940 – Peter Doherty, Australian immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Penny Marshall, American actress and movie director
  • 1944 – Sali Berisha, President of Albania
  • 1944 – David Trimble, Irish politician, Nobel laureate
  • 1944 – Haim Saban, Egyptian-born American media proprietor
  • 1945 – Jere Burns, American actor
  • 1945 – Jim Palmer, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Richard Carpenter (musician), American musician (The Carpenters)
  • 1946 – Stewart Stevenson, Scottish politician
  • 1948 – Chris de Burgh, Irish singer and songwriter
  • 1953 – Tito Jackson, American musician
  • 1953 – Larry Miller, American actor and comedian
  • 1953 – Betsy Clifford, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1954 – Peter Bakowski, Australian poet
  • 1955 – Kulbir Bhaura, British field hockey player
  • 1955 – Tanya Roberts, American actress
  • 1957 – Mira Nair, Indian director
  • 1957 – Stacy Peralta, American director
  • 1959 – Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York
  • 1959 – Emeril Lagasse, American chef
  • 1959 – Todd Solondz, American film director
  • 1961 – John Kenny, Irish sports broadcaster and journalist
  • 1964 – Roberto Vittori, Italian astronaut
  • 1966 – Jorge Campos, Mexican footballer
  • 1968 – Jyrki 69, Finnish musician The 69 Eyes
  • 1968 – Didier Deschamps, French footballer
  • 1969 – Vanessa Marcil, American actress
  • 1969 – Dominic West, British actor
  • 1969 – Vítor Baía, Portuguese footballer
  • 1970 – Eric Benét, American singer
  • 1971 – Andy Cole, British footballer
  • 1971 – Jason Arhndt, American wrestler
  • 1972 – Matt Keeslar, American actor
  • 1972 – Sandra Kim, Belgian singer
  • 1975 – Ginuwine, American singer
  • 1975 – Glen Little, English footballer
  • 1976 – Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977 – Masato Kawabata, Japanese racing driver
  • 1977 – Erin McKeown, American musician
  • 1977 – David Trezeguet, French football player
  • 1977 – Patricio Urrutia, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1978 – Devon Gummersall, American actor
  • 1978 – Takeshi Morishima Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Paul Robinson, English football player
  • 1979 – Maris Verpakovskis, Latvian football player
  • 1980 – Tom Boonen, Belgian cyclist
  • 1980 – Siiri Nordin, Finnish singer (Killer)
  • 1981 – Keyshia Cole, African American R&B singer
  • 1981 – Elena Dementieva, Russian tennis player
  • 1981 – Guo Jingjing, Chinese diver
  • 1981 – Radoslav Židek, Slovak snowboarder
  • 1982 – Paulini Curuenavuli, Fijian singer
  • 1982 – Charline Labonté, French Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1983 – Stephy Tang, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1985 – Walter López, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985 – Marcos Martinez Ucha, Spanish racing driver
  • 1986 – Lee Donghae, Korean singer (a member of super junior)
  • 1987 – Jesse Levine, American tennis player
  • 1992 – Vincent Martella, American actor
  • 2005 – Prince Christian of Denmark

October 15 – Deaths:

  • 412 – Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 898 – Lambert, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 912 – Abdullah ibn Muhammad, Emir of Córdoba
  • 1002 – Otto-Henry, Duke of Burgundy (b. 946)
  • 1080 – Rudolf of Rheinfeld, Duke of Swabia
  • 1326 – Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (b. 1261)
  • 1389 – Pope Urban VI
  • 1564 – Vesalius, Flemish anatomist (b. 1514)
  • 1715 – Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1730 – Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (b. 1658)
  • 1788 – Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
  • 1810 – Alfred Moore, American judge (b. 1755)
  • 1811 – Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
  • 1817 – Tadeusz Kosciuszko, Polish and Lithuanian national hero (b. 1746)
  • 1819 – Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • 1820 – Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (b. 1771)
  • 1837 – Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet (b. 1760)
  • 1880 – Victorio, Apache leader
  • 1891 – Gilbert Arthur a Beckett, English writer (b. 1837)
  • 1900 – Zdenek Fibich, Czech composer (b. 1850)
  • 1910 – Stanley Ketchel, boxer (murdered) (b. 1886)
  • 1917 – Mata Hari, Dutch dancer and spy (b. 1876)
  • 1918 – Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
  • 1930 – Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – Raymond Poincaré, French statesman (b. 1860)
  • 1945 – Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of Vichy France (executed) (b. 1883)
  • 1946 – Hermann Göring, German air force commander (suicide) (b. 1893)
  • 1948 – Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)
  • 1959 – Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1880)
  • 1960 – Clara Kimball Young, American actress (b. 1890)
  • 1963 – Horton Smith. American golfer (b. 1908)
  • 1964 – Cole Porter, American composer (b. 1891)
  • 1976 – Carlo Gambino, American gangster (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek footballer and volleyball player (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Philip Fotheringham-Parker, British racing driver (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Thomas Sankara, African revolutionary and leader of Burkina Faso (assassinated) (b. 1949)
  • 1988 – Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English composer and pianist (b. 1892)
  • 1994 – Sarah Kofman, French philosopher (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – Marco Campos, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1976)
  • 2000 – Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Zhang Xueliang, Chinese ruler of Manchuria (b. 1901)
  • 2003 – Bertram N. Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Ben Metcalfe, Canadian environmental activist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Jason Collier, American basketball player (b. 1977)
  • 2005 – Matti Wuori, Finnish politician (b. 1945)

October 15 – Holidays:

  • October 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Roman festivals – the Equirria or October equus: sacrifice of a horse to Mars
  • R.C. Saints – Saint Teresa of Avila
  • United States – White Cane Safety Day
  • French Republican Calendar – Amaryllis (Amaryllis) Day, twenty-fourth day in the Month of Vendémiaire

 

 

 

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On This Day in History October 14

October 14 – Events:

  • 1066 – Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings – In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the forces of William the Conqueror defeat the Saxon army and kill King Harold II of England.
  • 1322 – Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1586 – Mary I of Scotland goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1656 – Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the ritual-free Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.
  • 1758 – Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirk
  • 1773 – The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • 1773 – American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom’s East India Company tea ships’ cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1789 – George Washington proclaims the first Thanksgiving Day.
  • 1805 – Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
  • 1806 – Battle of Jena-Auerstädt France defeats Prussia
  • 1812 – Work on London’s Regent’s Canal starts.
  • 1834 – In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
  • 1840 – Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.
  • 1843 – The British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O’Connell for conspiracy.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Bristoe Station – Confederate General Robert E. Lee forces fail to drive the Union Army out of Virginia.
  • 1867 – The 15th and last Shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate resigns in Japan.
  • 1882 – University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.
  • 1884 – George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film.
  • 1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
  • 1910 – English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman biplane on Executive Avenue (now Pennsylvania Avenue) near the White House.
  • 1912 – While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt still delivers his scheduled speech.
  • 1913 – Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom’s worst coal mining accident, which claimed 439 lives.
  • 1916 – Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
  • 1916 – The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • 1920 – Part of Petsamo province is ceded by Soviet Union to Finland.
  • 1925 – Anti-French uprising in Damascus (French inhabitants flee)
  • 1926 – The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A.A. Milne, is first published.
  • 1933 – Nazi Germany withdraws from The League of Nations.
  • 1939 – German U-Boat U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak.
  • 1942 – A German U-boat sinks the ferry SS Caribou, killing 137.
  • 1943 – Prisoners at the Sobibor death camp in Poland revolt, resulting in the death of 11 SS. About half of the camp’s 600 prisoners escape; about 50 survive the war.
  • 1943 – U.S. 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17 Flying Fortresses during an assault on Schweinfurt.
  • 1944 – Allied troops land in Corfu.
  • 1947 – Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 faster than the speed of sound, the first man to do so in level flight.
  • 1949 – Eleven leaders of the U.S. Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government.
  • 1949 – Chinese Red Army occupies Canton (Guangzhou).
  • 1957 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.
  • 1958 – The U.S. conducts an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site.
  • 1958 – The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U-2 flight over Cuba takes photos of Soviet nuclear weapons being installed.
  • 1964 – Leonid Brezhnev becomes general secretary of the CPSU and leader of the Soviet Union, ousting Nikita Khrushchev.
  • 1964 – American civil rights movement leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1966 – The city of Montreal inaugurates the Montreal Metro.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: Folk singer Joan Baez is arrested in a blockade of the military induction center in Oakland, California.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: 27 soldiers are arrested at the Presidio in San Francisco for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will be sending about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
  • 1968 – First live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft Apollo 7.
  • 1968 – A 6.8 earthquake wrecked the Australian town of Meckering, and also ruptured all major roads and railways nearby.
  • 1968 – Jim Hines of the USA becomes the first man ever to break the ten second barrier in the 100 metres Olympic final at Mexico City with a time of 9.95 sec. He would be the only man to do so until 1983.
  • 1968 – The rebuilt Euston station in London is opened.
  • 1969 – The United Kingdom introduces the 50p (fifty-pence) coin, replacing the ten shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalisation of the currency in 1971.
  • 1973 – Thailand’s University Students protest for a democratic government; 77 are killed and 857 injured.
  • 1979 – The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C. demands “an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people,” draws 200,000 people.
  • 1981 – Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges the U.S. government with holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner.
  • 1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt one week after Anwar Sadat was assassinated.
  • 1982 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
  • 1994 – Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1996 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 40.62 to 6,010.00, closing above 6,000 for the first time ever. 1998 – Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with 6 bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.

October 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1257 – King Przemysl II of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1404 – Marie of Anjou, queen of France (d. 1463)
  • 1493 – Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
  • 1499 – Claude of France, wife of Louis XII of France (d. 1524)
  • 1630 – Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony (d. 1714)
  • 1633 – James II of England and VII of Scotland (d. 1701)
  • 1643 – Bahadur Shah I, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1712)
  • 1644 – William Penn, English founder of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
  • 1687 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1712 – George Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1770)
  • 1726 – Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician (d. 1813)
  • 1733 – François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
  • 1784 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1801 – Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (d. 1883)
  • 1806 – Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (d. 1865)
  • 1842 – Joe Start, American baseball player (d. 1927)
  • 1861 – Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Joseph Duveen, British art dealer (d. 1939)
  • 1873 – Ray Ewry, American athlete (d. 1937)
  • 1873 – Jules Rimet, president of FIFA (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Eamon de Valera, Irish politician and patriot (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Charlie Parker, English cricketer (d. 1959)
  • 1887 – Bernard Montgomery, British General. (d. 1976)
  • 1888 – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand writer (d. 1923)
  • 1890 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. general and 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
  • 1892 – Sumner Welles, American diplomat (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1894 – E. E. Cummings, American poet (d. 1962)
  • 1900 – Agustín Lara, Mexican composer (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Christian Pineau, French World War II resistance fighter (d. 1995)
  • 1906 – Hannah Arendt, German political theorist and writer (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Imam Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1908 – Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Allan Jones, American actor and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German racecar driver (d. 1938)
  • 1909 – Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – John Wooden, American basketball player and coach
  • 1914 – Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Harry Brecheen, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – C. Everett Koop, United States Surgeon General
  • 1918 – Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician (d. 1991)
  • 1926 – Bill Justis, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Roger Moore, English actor
  • 1928 – Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Yvon Durelle, Canadian boxer (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Mobutu Sese Seko, President of Zaire (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Nikhil Banerjee, Indian classical musician (d. 1986)
  • 1932 – Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Enrico di Giuseppe, American tenor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – La Monte Young, American composer
  • 1938 – John W. Dean III, Watergate figure
  • 1938 – Empress Farah Diba of Iran
  • 1938 – Ron Lancaster, American-born Canadian football player and coach
  • 1939 – Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer
  • 1939 – Rocky Thompson, American golfer
  • 1940 – Perrie Mans, South African snooker player
  • 1940 – Cliff Richard, English singer
  • 1940 – Christopher Timothy, British actor
  • 1941 – Art Shamsky, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer, and civil servant (d. 1986)
  • 1944 – Udo Kier, German actor
  • 1945 – Colin Hodgkinson, English musician (Whitesnake)
  • 1946 – Justin Hayward, English musician (Moody Blues)
  • 1946 – James Robert “Radio” Kennedy, American football coach
  • 1946 – Craig Venter, American biologist
  • 1946 – Al Oliver, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Dan McCafferty, Scottish musician (Nazareth)
  • 1947 – Lukas Resetarits, Austrian cabaret artist
  • 1948 – Harry Anderson, American actor
  • 1948 – David Ruprecht, American game show host
  • 1948 – Engin Arik, Turkish nuclear physicist (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – Katy Manning, English/Australian actress
  • 1949 – Katha Pollitt, American writer
  • 1952 – Nikolai Andrianov, Soviet gymnast
  • 1953 – Shelley Ackerman, American astrologer, writer, singer
  • 1954 – Carole Malone, English newspaper columnist
  • 1957 – Michel Després, Quebec politician
  • 1958 – Thomas Dolby, English musician
  • 1960 – Steve Cram, English athlete
  • 1961 – Isaac Mizrahi American fashion designer
  • 1962 – Jaan Ehlvest, Estonian chess player
  • 1963 – Yim Jae-beom, South Korean singer
  • 1963 – Lori Petty, American actress
  • 1964 – Olu Oguibe, American artist
  • 1964 – Joe Girardi, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Jim Rome, American sport talk show host
  • 1965 – Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower
  • 1965 – Constantine Koukias, Australian composer
  • 1965 – Steve Coogan, English actor
  • 1965 – Karyn White, American singer
  • 1967 – Pat Kelly, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Sylvain Lefebvre, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Stephen A. Smith, American sports journalist
  • 1968 – Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer
  • 1968 – Johnny Goudie, American musician
  • 1969 – David Strickland, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1969 – P. J. Brown, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Jim Jackson, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Daniela Peštová, Czech supermodel
  • 1970 – Jon Seda, Puerto Rican actor
  • 1971 – Jorge Costa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1971 – Antonios Nikopolidis, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Natalie Maines, American musician (Dixie Chicks)
  • 1974 – Jessica Drake, American porn star
  • 1974 – Joseph Utsler, American musician
  • 1975 – Floyd Landis, American cyclist
  • 1975 – Shaznay Lewis, English singer (All Saints)
  • 1976 – Nataša Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer
  • 1976 – Henry Mateo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Ben Pridmore, World Memory Champion
  • 1977 – Kelly Schumacher, Canadian basketball player
  • 1977 – Bianca Beauchamp, adult model
  • 1977 – Jonathan Kerrigan, English actor
  • 1977 – Tina Dico, Danish singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Justin Brannan, American musician, writer
  • 1978 – Ryan Church, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Paul Hunter, English snooker player (d. 2006)
  • 1978 – Steven Thompson, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Usher, American singer and actor
  • 1978 – Javon Walker, American football player
  • 1979 – Stacy Keibler, American actress / ex-professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Terrence McGee, American football player
  • 1980 – Paul Ambrosi, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Daniela Peštová , Czech model
  • 1980 – Niels Lodberg, Danish footballer
  • 1981 – Boof Bonser, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Vanessa Lane, American porn star
  • 1983 – Lin Dan, Chinese badminton player
  • 1984 – LaRon Landry, American football player
  • 1985 – Digão, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Daniel Clark, Canadian actor
  • 1985 – Sherlyn González, Mexican actress
  • 1985 – Alexandre Sarnes Negrão, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1986 – Tom Craddock, English footballer
  • 1986 – Skyler Shaye, American actress
  • 1988 – MacKenzie Mauzy, American actress
  • 1988 – Max Thieriot, American actor
  • 1992 – Aaron Hughes, Australian Pornstar

October 14 – Deaths:

  • 1066 – Harold Godwinson, King of England
  • 1092 – Nizam al-Mulk, Persian vizier (b. 1018)
  • 1256 – Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)
  • 1318 – Edward Bruce, High King of Ireland
  • 1552 – Oswald Myconius, Swiss Protestant reformer (b. 1488)
  • 1565 – Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (b. 1521)
  • 1568 – Jacques Arcadelt, Flemish composer
  • 1610 – Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1540)
  • 1619 – Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
  • 1637 – Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)
  • 1660 – Thomas Harrison, English Puritan soldier (b. 1606)
  • 1669 – Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (b. 1623)
  • 1703 – Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish poet (b. 1634)
  • 1711 – Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1708)
  • 1758 – Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
  • 1831 – Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
  • 1911 – John Marshall Harlan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1833)
  • 1944 – Erwin Rommel, German field marshall (b. 1891)
  • 1958 – Douglas Mawson, Australian Antarctic explorer (b. 1882)
  • 1959 – Errol Flynn, Australian actor (b. 1909)
  • 1960 – Abram Ioffe, Russian physicist (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Paul Ramadier, French politician (b. 1888)
  • 1961 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (b. 1876)
  • 1967 – Marcel Aymé, French novelist and playwright (b. 1902)
  • 1973 – Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Dame Edith Evans, English actress (b. 1888)
  • 1977 – Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1983 – Willard Price, Canadian author and naturalist
  • 1984 – Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (b. 1918)
  • 1985 – Emil Gilels, Ukrainian pianist (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Leonard Bernstein, American composer and conductor (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Harold Robbins, American novelist (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Cleveland Amory, American writer and animal rights activist (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Frankie Yankovic, American musician (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Norbert Schultze, American composer and songwriter (Lili Marleen) (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – Patrick Dalzel-Job, English soldier and inspiration for James Bond (b. 1913)
  • 2004 – Vlassis Bonatsos, Greek singer, actor and entertainer (b. 1949)
  • 2005 – Jody Dobrowski, English murder victim (b. 1981)
  • 2006 – Freddy Fender, American musician (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Jared Anderson, American death metal bassist (b. 1975)
  • 2006 – Gerry Studds, Democratic Congressman from Massachusetts (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Big Moe, Houston Rapper (b. 1974)

October 14 – Holidays:

  • Teachers’ Day, or National Education Day in Poland
  • French Republican Calendar – Navet (Turnip) Day, twenty-third day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • Chisinau’s (Republic of Moldova’s capital) – national holiday (known as “Hramul Orasului” by locals).

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On This Day in History October 13

October 13 – Events:

  • 54 – Nero ascends to the Roman throne
  • 409 – Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appeared in Hispania.
  • 1282 – Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies. His ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.
  • 1307 – Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are simultaneously arrested by agents of Phillip the Fair, to be later tortured into “admitting” heresy.
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus and his crew land in the Bahamas
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1773 – The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier
  • 1775 – The United States Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the United States Navy).
  • 1792 – In Washington, D.C., the cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the White House since 1818) is laid.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: Battle of Queenston Heights – As part of the Niagara campaign in Ontario, Canada, United States forces under General Stephen Van Rensselaer are repulsed from invading Canada by British and native troops led by Sir Isaac Brock.
  • 1843 – In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B’nai B’rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).
  • 1845 – A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution, that if accepted by the U.S. Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state.
  • 1870 – The Kappa Kappa Gamma fraternity is founded at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois, by six pioneering women.
  • 1871 – The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • 1881 – Revival of the Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations.
  • 1885 – The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1884 – Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude.
  • 1890 – The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • 1892 – Edward Emerson Barnard discovers D/1892 T1 (Barnard 3), the first comet  discovered by photographic means, on the night of October 13-14.
  • 1917 – The “Miracle of the Sun” is witnessed by an estimated 70,000 people in the Cova da Iria in Fátima, Portugal.
  • 1918 – Mehmed Talat Pasha and the Young Turk (C.U.P.) ministry resign and sign an armistice, ending Ottoman participation in World War I.
  • 1923 – Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey.
  • 1943 – World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: Riga, the capital of Latvia is seized by the Red Army.
  • 1946 – France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.
  • 1958 – Burial of Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII on the 41st anniversary of  the “Miracle of the Sun”.
  • 1960 – 1960 World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates second baseman Bill Mazeroski becomes the first person to end a World Series with a home run, as the Pirates beat the New York Yankees, four games to three.
  • 1967 – The first game in the history of the American Basketball Association is played as the Anaheim Amigos lose to the Oakland Oaks 134-129 in Oakland, California.
  • 1971 – 1971 World Series: The first night game in World Series history is played at Pittsburgh’s Three Rivers Stadium between the Baltimore Orioles and Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 1972 – An Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62 crashed outside Moscow killing 176.
  • 1972 – Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes mountains, in between the borders of Argentina and Chile. By December 23, 1972 only 16 out of 45 people lived long enough to be rescued.
  • 1976 – A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground).
  • 1976 – The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, who was then working at the C.D.C..
  • 1977 – Four Palestinians hijack Lufthansa Flight 181 to Somalia and demand release of 11 members of the Red Army Faction.
  • 1983 – Ameritech Mobile Communications (now Cingular) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1990 – End of the Lebanese war. Syrian forces launch an attack on the free areas of Lebanon removing General Michel Aoun from the presidential palace.
  • 1993 – Captured American Pilot Mike Durant is filmed in an interview in captivity by a CNN camera crew.
  • 1999 – The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
  • 2003 – The Public Library of Science commences publication of an open access scientific journal, PLoS Biology.

October 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1162 – Leonora of England, Queen of Castile (d. 1214)
  • 1474 – Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (d. 1515)
  • 1566 – Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (d. 1643)
  • 1613 – Luisa of Medina-Sidonia, queen of Portugal (d. 1666)
  • 1696 – John Hervey, Lord Hervey, English statesman and writer (d. 1743)
  • 1713 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (d. 1784)
  • 1714 – Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (d. 1778)
  • 1768 – Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (d. 1839)
  • 1820 – John William Dawson, Canadian geologist (d. 1899)
  • 1821 – Rudolf Virchow, German physician, pathologist, biologist, and politician (d. 1902)
  • 1853 – Lillie Langtry, British actress (d. 1929)
  • 1862 – Mary Kingsley, English writer and explorer (d. 1900)
  • 1876 – Rube Waddell, American baseball player (d. 1914)
  • 1878 – Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1952)
  • 1880 – Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (d. 1932)
  • 1887 – Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (d. 1947)
  • 1890 – Conrad Richter, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me) (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – Arna Wendell Bontemps, American writer (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – Wilfred Pickles, English actor and broadcaster (d. 1978)
  • 1907 – Yves Allégret, French film director (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Art Tatum, American jazz pianist (d. 1956)
  • 1909 – Herbert Block, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Ashok Kumar, Indian actor (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Terry Frost, English artist (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Cornel Wilde, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – Laraine Day, American actor
  • 1917 – George Virl Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Burr Tillstrom, American puppeteer (d. 1985)
  • 1918 – Robert Hudson Walker, American actor (d. 1951)
  • 1920 – Laraine Day, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Yves Montand, Italian-born singer and actor (d. 1991)
  • 1923 – Cyril Shaps, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Faas Wilkes, Dutch footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Lenny Bruce, American comedian (d. 1966)
  • 1925 – Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1925 – Gustav Winckler, Danish singer (d. 1979)
  • 1926 – Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Lee Konitz, American jazz saxophonist
  • 1931 – Eddie Mathews, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Raymond Kopa, French footballer
  • 1932 – Jack Colvin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Raynald Frechette, Quebec politician and judge (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Queen Narriman, second and last wife of King Farouk and mother   of their only child King Fuad (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Baron Bingham of Cornhill, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales
  • 1934 – Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer and politician
  • 1937 – Sami Frey, French actor
  • 1938 – Hugo Young, English journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – T. J. Cloutier, American poker player
  • 1939 – Melinda Dillon, American actress
  • 1940 – Pharoah Sanders, American saxophonist
  • 1941 – Paul Simon, American singer and musician (Simon and Garfunkel)
  • 1942 – Jerry Jones, American football team owner
  • 1942 – Pamela Tiffin, American film actress
  • 1942 – Bob Bailey, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Mike Barnicle, American newspaper columnist
  • 1944 – Robert Lamm, American musician (Chicago)
  • 1945 – Christophe, French singer
  • 1945 – Dési Bouterse, Surinam politician
  • 1946 – Edwina Currie, British politician
  • 1947 – Sammy Hagar, American singer (Van Halen)
  • 1947 – Jerry Trupiano, American sports broadcaster
  • 1947 – Alan Wakeman, English saxophonist (Soft Machine)
  • 1948 – John Ford Coley, American musician
  • 1948 – Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician and singer (d. 1997)
  • 1948 – Ted Poe, American politician
  • 1949 – Tom Mees, American sports broadcaster (d. 1996)
  • 1949 – Patrick Nève, Belgian racing driver
  • 1952 – John Lone, Hong Kong actor
  • 1953 – Pat Day, American jockey
  • 1954 – George Frazier, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Claude Ribbe, French historian
  • 1954 – Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli nuclear technician
  • 1956 – Chris Carter, American television producer
  • 1958 – Jair-Rohm Parker Wells, American musician and composer
  • 1959 – Marie Osmond, American entertainer
  • 1960 – Joey Belladonna, American musician (Anthrax)
  • 1960 – Tim Brewster, American football coach
  • 1960 – Ari Fleischer, former White House press secretary
  • 1961 – Doc Rivers, basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – T’Keyah Crystal Keymáh, American actress
  • 1962 – Kelly Preston, American actress
  • 1962 – Jerry Rice, American football star
  • 1963 – Colin Channer, Jamaican writer
  • 1964 – Niè Haishèng, Chinese astronaut
  • 1964 – Christopher Judge, American actor
  • 1965 – Johan Museeuw, Belgian cyclist
  • 1967 – Scott Cooper, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Trevor Hoffman, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Steve Vickers, English footballer
  • 1967 – Kate Walsh, American actress
  • 1968 – Tisha Campbell-Martin, American actress and singer
  • 1968 – Carlos Marin, Spanish baritone (Il Divo)
  • 1969 – Rhett Akins, American country singer
  • 1969 – Nancy Kerrigan, American figure skater
  • 1969 – Cady McClain, American actress
  • 1970 – Serena Altschul, American reporter
  • 1970 – Mel Jackson, American actor and R&B musician
  • 1971 – Sacha Baron Cohen, English comedian
  • 1971 – Billy Bush, American TV host
  • 1971 – Pyrros Dimas, Greek weightlifter
  • 1972 – Summer Sanders, American swimmer
  • 1973 – Brian Dawkins, American football player
  • 1973 – Peter Dumbreck, Scottish race car driver
  • 1973 – Matt Hughes, American mixed martial artist
  • 1973 – Nanako Matsushima, Japanese actress
  • 1974 – Hawick Lau, Chinese actor and singer
  • 1974 – Joseph Utsler, American rapper (Insane Clown Posse)
  • 1975 – Tom Anderson, American entrepreneur
  • 1975 – David Kennedy, American musician (Box Car Racer, Angels & Airwaves)
  • 1977 – Gareth Batty, English cricketer
  • 1977 – Paul Pierce, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Kiele Sanchez, American actress
  • 1978 – Jermaine O’Neal, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Wes Brown, English footballer
  • 1980 – Ashanti, American singer
  • 1980 – Magne Hoseth, Norwegian footballer
  • 1980 – Scott Parker, English footballer
  • 1980 – Jon Micah Sumrall, American singer (Kutless)
  • 1981 – Ryan Ashford, English footballer
  • 1981 – Kele Okereke, lead singer of Bloc Party
  • 1982 – Ian Thorpe, Australian swimmer
  • 1984 – Frank Simek, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Misono, Japanese singer (formerly Day After Tomorrow)

October 13 – Deaths:

  • 54 – Claudius, Roman Emperor (b. 10 BC)
  • 1093 – Robert I, Count of Flanders
  • 1282 – Nichiren Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism (b. 1222)
  • 1415 – Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1381)
  • 1508 – Edmund de Ros, 11th Baron de Ros, English politician (b. 1446)
  • 1605 – Theodore Beza, French theologian (b. 1519)
  • 1673 – Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman (b. 1617)
  • 1687 – Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (b. 1633)
  • 1694 – Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist (b. 1632)
  • 1706 – Iyasus the Great, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1682)
  • 1715 – Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (b. 1638)
  • 1759 – John Henley, English minister (b. 1692)
  • 1788 – Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent, Irish politician and poet (b. 1702)
  • 1812 – Sir Isaac Brock, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1769)
  • 1815 – Joachim Murat, French marshal and King of Naples (executed) (b. 1767)
  • 1825 – King Maximilian I of Bavaria (b. 1756)
  • 1869 – Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French literary critic (b. 1804)
  • 1882 – Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)
  • 1890 – Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1816)
  • 1904 – Pavlos Melas, Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia (b. 1870)
  • 1905 – Sir Henry Irving, the first British actor to be knighted (b. 1838)
  • 1909 – Francisco Ferrer Guardia, Spanish free-thinker (b. 1849)
  • 1917 – Florence La Badie, American actress
  • 1919 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1926 – Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian author and philologist (b. 1865)
  • 1931 – Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)
  • 1938 – E.C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye) (b. 1894)
  • 1945 – Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (b. 1857)
  • 1950 – Ernest Haycox, American writer (b. 1899)
  • 1955 – Manuel Ávila Camacho, President of Mexico (b. 1897)
  • 1966 – Clifton Webb, American actor (b. 1889)
  • 1968 – Bea Benaderet, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1971 – Stafford Smythe, Canadian NHL executive (b. 1921)
  • 1974 – Ed Sullivan, American television personality (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Rebecca Helferich Clarke, English composer and violist (b. 1886)
  • 1987 – Walter Brattain, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1987 – Kishore Kumar, Indian Singer (b.1929)
  • 1988 – Mike Venezia, jockey (b. 1945)
  • 1995 – Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter
  • 2000 – Jean Peters, American actress (b. 1926) 2001 – Peter Doyle, Australian pop singer (The New Seekers) (b. 1949)
  • 2002 – Stephen Ambrose, American historian and biographer (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Bertram Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Vivian Malone Jones, American civil rights activist (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Wang Guangmei, Chinese first lady (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Bob Denard, French mercenary (b. 1929)

October 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Fontanalia: festival dedicated to Fontus
  • Roman Catholic Saints – translation (1163) of Saint Edward the Confessor; memorial of Saint Gerald of Aurillac optional feast of Our Lady of Fatima
  • French Republican Calendar – Pêche (Peach) Day, twenty-second day in the Month of Vendémiaire

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History October 31

October 31 – Events:

  • 445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 9:1).
  • 475 – Romulus Augustulus was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 1517 – Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
  • 1587 – Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • 1822 – Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempted to dissolve the Mexican Empire.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army.
  • 1863 – The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.
  • 1864 – Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
  • 1876 – A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths.
  • 1892 – Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
  • 1912 – The Musketeers of Pig Alley, directed by D.W. Griffith, debuts as the first gangster film.
  • 1912 – Dominican Republic becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Beersheba – “last successful cavalry charge in history”
  • 1918 – Banat Republic founded
  • 1923 – 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia begins.
  • 1924 – World Savings Day was announced in Milano/Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
  • 1926 – Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
  • 1936 – The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was formed.
  • 1938 – Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain ends – The United Kingdom prevents Germany from invading Great Britain.
  • 1941 – After 14 years of work, drilling is completed on Mount Rushmore.
  • 1941 – World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
  • 1943 – World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar guided interception.
  • 1954 – Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
  • 1959 – Lee Harvey Oswald attempted to renounce his American citizenship at the US Embassy in Moscow, USSR.
  • 1961 – In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin’s body is removed from Lenin’s Tomb.
  • 1963 – Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) explosion in Indianapolis kills 74 people during an ice skating show. The mammoth explosion injured 400. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand was blamed.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of “all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam” effective November 1.
  • 1984 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards (riots soon broke out in New Delhi and nearly 2,000 innocent Sikhs were killed).
  • 1986 – The 5th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden is inaugurated. During the course of the congress the party name is changed to the Solidarity Party and the party ceases to be a communist party.
  • 1991 – A three day long snow and ice storm, dubbed the Halloween Blizzard, begins over portions of the Upper Midwest of the United States.
  • 1994 – An American Eagle ATR-72 crashes in Roselawn, Indiana, after circling in icy weather, killing 68 passengers and crew.
  • 1996 – The Fokker F100 on TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes into several houses in São Paulo, Brazil killing 98 including 2 on the ground.
  • 1997 – 19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by a Cambridge, Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1998 – Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
  • 1999 – EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  • 1999 – Roman Catholic Church and Lutheran Church leaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
  • 1999 – Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.
  • 2000 – A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and four crew members
  • 2000 – A chartered Antonov An-26 explodes after takeoff in Northern Angola killing 50 2000 – The last Multics machine was shut down.
  • 2002 – A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas formally indicted former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
  • 2003 – A bankruptcy court approves MCI’s reorganization plans, essentially clearing the  telecommunications company to exit bankruptcy.
  • 2003 – Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir’s 22 years in power.
  • 2004 – Passenger airline service ends at Mirabel International Airport in Montreal, Canada.
  • 2005 – U.S. President George W. Bush nominates Appeals court judge Samuel Alito to join the Supreme Court of the United States.

October 31 – Birthdays:

  • 1291 – Philippe de Vitry, French composer (d. 1361)
  • 1345 – King Fernando I of Portugal (d. 1383)
  • 1391 – King Duarte of Portugal (d. 1438)
  • 1424 – King Wladislaus III of Poland (d. 1444)
  • 1538 – Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (d. 1607)
  • 1599 – Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (d. 1680)
  • 1620 – John Evelyn, English diarist (d. 1706)
  • 1622 – Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (d. 1694)
  • 1632 – (baptism) Johannes Vermeer, Flemish painter (d. 1675)
  • 1636 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1679)
  • 1692 – Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1705 – Pope Clement XIV (d. 1774)
  • 1711 – Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (d. 1778)
  • 1724 – Christopher Anstey, English writer (d. 1805)
  • 1737 – James Lovell, American educator (d. 1789)
  • 1795 – John Keats, British poet (d. 1821)
  • 1815 – Karl Weierstraß, German mathematician (d. 1897)
  • 1825 – Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
  • 1827 – Richard Morris Hunt, American educator (d. 1895)
  • 1831 – Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist (d. 1910)
  • 1835 – Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1835 – Krišjanis Barons, Latvian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1838 – King Louis of Portugal (d. 1889)
  • 1848 – Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1851 – Lovisa of Sweden, queen of Denmark (d. 1926)
  • 1860 – Juliette Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts (d. 1927)
  • 1875 – Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Sara Allgood, Irish actress (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Marie Laurencin, French painter (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist Chinese leader, former Republic of China president (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (d. 1944)
  • 1892 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Basil Liddell Hart, British military historian (d. 1970)
  • 1896 – Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1902 – Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1912 – Dale Evans, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Ollie Johnston, American animator
  • 1914 – Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden
  • 1917 – Thomas Hill, Canadian actor
  • 1918 – Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Magnus Wenninger, American priest, author of Polyhedron models
  • 1920 – Dick Francis, Welsh novelist
  • 1920 – Joseph Gelineau French composer
  • 1920 – Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan rebel leader (d. 1957)
  • 1920 – Helmut Newton, German photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Anatoli Papanov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1922 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia
  • 1925 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Jimmy Savile, English entertainer
  • 1927 – Lee Grant, American actress
  • 1928 – Cleo Moore, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Eddie Charlton, Australian snooker player (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Bud Spencer, Italian actor
  • 1930 – Michael Collins, American astronaut
  • 1931 – Dan Rather, American television journalist
  • 1933 – Phil Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936 – Michael Landon, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1937 – Tom Paxton, American singer-songwriter
  • 1939 – Ron Rifkin, American actor
  • 1939 – Tom O’Connor, British comedian
  • 1939 – Alui Farka Touré, Malian musician
  • 1941 – Derek Bell, British racing driver
  • 1941 – Dan Alderson, American scientist
  • 1942 – Dave McNally, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1942 – David Ogden Stiers, American actor
  • 1943 – Paul Frampton, English physicist
  • 1943 – Brian Piccolo, American football player (d. 1970)
  • 1944 – Kinky Friedman, American musician and novelist
  • 1944 – Sally Kirkland, American actress
  • 1945 – Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor
  • 1945 – Russ Ballard, English rock singer/songwriter, guitarist (Argent)
  • 1946 – Stephen Rea, Irish actor
  • 1946 – Norman Lovett, British actor
  • 1947 – Deidre Hall, American actress
  • 1947 – Frank Shorter, American runner
  • 1949 – Bob Siebenberg, American drummer (Supertramp)
  • 1950 – John Candy, Canadian comedian and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1950 – Jozef Stolorz, polish art painter
  • 1950 – Jane Pauley, American news anchor
  • 1950 – Zaha Hadid, British architect
  • 1950 – Antonio Taguba, US Army Major General
  • 1951 – Nick Saban, American college football coach
  • 1952 – Bernard Edwards, American bass guitarist (Chic) (d. 1996)
  • 1953 – Michael J. Anderson, American actor
  • 1953 – John Lucas II, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Ken Wahl, American actor
  • 1957 – Robert Pollard, American rocker
  • 1957 – Brian Stokes Mitchell, American singer and actor
  • 1958 – Jeannie Longo, French cyclist
  • 1959 – Neal Stephenson, American author
  • 1959 – Mats Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican delegate to Congress
  • 1960 – Arnaud Desplechin, French film director
  • 1960 – Mike Gallego, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Reza Pahlavi, former crown prince of Iran
  • 1961 – Peter Jackson, New Zealand film director
  • 1961 – Larry Mullen, Irish drummer (U2)
  • 1961 – Alonzo Babers, American runner
  • 1961 – Kate Campbell, American musician
  • 1963 – Mikkey Dee, Swedish musician, drummer for Motörhead
  • 1963 – Dunga, Brazilian footballer
  • 1963 – Johnny Marr, English guitarist and songwriter (The Smiths)
  • 1963 – Fred McGriff, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Dermot Mulroney, American actor
  • 1963 – Rob Schneider, American actor
  • 1964 – Colm O’Ciosoig, Irish drummer (My Bloody Valentine, Hope Sandoval & the Warm Inventions)
  • 1964 – Marco van Basten, Dutch footballer
  • 1964 – Marty Wright, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Darryl Worley, American country singer
  • 1965 – Annabella Lwin, British singer (Bow Wow Wow)
  • 1965 – Rob Rackstraw, voice actor
  • 1966 – Adam Horovitz (Adrock), American rapper (Beastie Boys)
  • 1966 – Koji Kanemoto, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Joseph Boyden, Canadian novelist
  • 1967 – Vanilla Ice, American rapper
  • 1968 – Antonio Davis, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Mike O’Malley, American actor
  • 1969 – David Coburn, American actor/voice actor
  • 1970 – Nicky Wu, Taiwanese actor and martial arts expert
  • 1970 – Linn Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
  • 1970 – Rogers Stevens, American guitarist (Blind Melon)
  • 1970 – Mitch Harris, American guitarist (Napalm Death, among others)
  • 1970 – Johnny Moeller, American blues guitarist
  • 1970 – Steve Trachsel, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – Ian Walker, English footballer
  • 1971 – Toby Anstis, British radio presenter
  • 1972 – Shaun Bartlett, South African footballer
  • 1972 – Matt Dawson, English rugby union footballer
  • 1973 – Tim Byrdak, American baseball player
  • 1973 – David Dellucci, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Grigorios Georgatos, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Beverly Lynne, American erotic film actress
  • 1974 – Muzzy Izzet, Turkish footballer
  • 1974 – Natasja Saad, Danish hip hop and reggae artist (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Fabio Celestini, Swiss footballer
  • 1976 – Guti, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Piper Perabo, American actress
  • 1977 – Sylviane Félix, French athlete
  • 1977 – Séverine Ferrer, French singer
  • 1978 – Emmanuel Izonritei, Nigerian boxer
  • 1978 – Zachary Knighton, American actor
  • 1978 – Martin Verkerk, Dutch tennis player
  • 1979 – Saaphyri Windsor, American reality tv figure
  • 1979 – Simão Sabrosa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1980 – Eddie Kaye Thomas, American actor,
  • 1980 – Samaire Armstrong, American actress
  • 1980 – Alondra de la Parra, Mexican founder and artistic director of the New York-based Philharmonic Orchestra of the Americas
  • 1981 – Irina Denezhkina, Russian writer
  • 1981 – Frank Iero, American musician (My Chemical Romance, Leathermouth, Pencey Prep; founder of Skeleton Crew)
  • 1981 – Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1981 – Jon Crocker, American songwriter
  • 1982 – Tomáš Plekanec, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1982 – The Cheeky Girls, British-Romanian singers
  • 1982 – Justin Chatwin, Canadian actor
  • 1983 – Katy French, Irish model (d. 2007)
  • 1986 – Christie Hayes, Australian actress
  • 1986 – Chris Alajajian, Australian racing driver
  • 1988 – Sébastien Buemi, Swiss racing driver
  • 1990 – James Charles Lewis aka Lil’ JJ, American actor/singer
  • 1991 – Jordan-Claire Green, American actress
  • 2005 – Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Felipe, Prince of Asturias and Letizia, Princess of Asturias

October 31 – Deaths:

  • 1147 – Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (bc. 1090)
  • 1214 – Leonora of England, queen of Alfonso VIII of Castile (b. 1162)
  • 1448 – John VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1390)
  • 1517 – Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)
  • 1641 – Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral and privateer (b. 1597)
  • 1659 – John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)
  • 1723 – Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1642)
  • 1732 – Victor Amadeus II of Savoy (b. 1666)
  • 1733 – Eberhard IV Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1676)
  • 1744 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
  • 1765 – Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (b. 1721)
  • 1768 – Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (b. 1690)
  • 1860 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (b. 1775)
  • 1879 – Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
  • 1879 – Joseph Hooker, American General (b. 1814)
  • 1883 – Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj
  • 1884 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (b. 1858)
  • 1913 – William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)
  • 1916 – Charles Taze Russell, American founder of the Jehovah’s Witnesses (b. 1852)
  • 1918 – Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (b. 1890)
  • 1920 – Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (b. 1854)
  • 1925 – Max Linder, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1926 – Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born magician (b. 1874)
  • 1929 – António José de Almeida, Portuguese politician and 6 President of Portugal (b. 1866)
  • 1939 – Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (b. 1884)
  • 1943 – Max Reinhardt, German film director (b. 1873)
  • 1952 – U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)
  • 1959 – Jean Cabannes, French physicist (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1916)
  • 1975 – SD Burman, Indian musician (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – George Halas, American football player, coach, and team owner (b. 1895)
  • 1984 – Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Eduardo de Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Anton Christoforidis, Greek boxer (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Joseph Campbell, American author and expert on mythology (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – John Houseman, Romanian-born actor and director (b. 1902)
  • 1988 – Alfred Pellan, Québécois painter (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – Joseph Papp, American theatrical producer (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Gene Anderson, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1993 – Federico Fellini, Italian director (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – River Phoenix, American actor (b. 1970)
  • 1995 – Rosalind Cash, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Marcel Carné, French film director (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (b. 1975)
  • 2000 – Watanabe Kazuki Japanese musician (Raphael) (b. 1981)
  • 2000 – Ring Lardner, Jr., American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
  • 2002 – Lionel Poilâne, French baker and entrepreneur (b. 1945)
  • 2002 – Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician, former president of Greece (b. 1903)
  • 2002 – Raf Vallone, Italian actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Indian singer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Mary Wimbush, English actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – John “Beatz” Holohan, American drummer (Bayside) (b. 1974)
  • 2005 – Hal Anger, American biophysicist (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Pieter Willem Botha, President of South Africa (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby union footballer (b. 1951)

October 31 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – October 31 is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Arnulf
    • St. Bega
    • St. Quentin
    • St. Urban
    • St. Wolfgang
  • Protestant Church, Slovenia – Reformation Day: Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on the Wittenberg church on this day in 1517
  • October 31 is Halloween
  • Cornwall – Allantide
  • Paganism and Celts – Samhain
  • Nevada Day

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On This Day in History October 12

October 12 – Events:

  • 539 BC – The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.
  • 1216 – King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus’s expedition makes landfall in the Caribbean, specifically in The Bahamas. The explorer believes he has reached East Asia
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1654 – The Delft Explosion devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100.
  • 1692 – The Salem Witch Trials were ended by a letter from Massachusetts Governor William Phips.
  • 1773 – America’s first insane asylum opens for ‘Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds’ in Virginia
  • 1792 – First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
  • 1793 – The cornerstone of Old East, the oldest state university building in the United States, is laid on the campus of the University of North Carolina
  • 1810 – First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
  • 1822 – Peter I of Brazil is proclaimed the emperor of the Brazilian Empire.
  • 1823 – Charles Macintosh, of Scotland, sells the first raincoat.
  • 1892 – The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited in unison by students in US public schools.
  • 1898 – Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
  • 1899 – Boer republic of South Africa declares war with England.
  • 1901 – President Theodore Roosevelt officially renames the “Executive Mansion” to the White House.
  • 1915 – World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium
  • 1917 – The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale
  • 1918 – A massive forest fire kills 453 people in Minnesota. 1928 – An iron lung respirator is used for the first time at Children’s Hospital, Boston
  • 1933 – The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island, is acquired by the United States Department of Justice
  • 1941 – This and the next day, German Nazis kill 11,000 Jews in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine. Einsatzkommando 6 massacres most of the remaining Jews of the city, marching them to a ravine where they were killed.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese ships retreat after their defeat in the Battle of Cape Esperance with the Japanese commander, Aritomo Goto dying from wounds suffered in the battle and two Japanese destroyers sunk by Allied air attack.
  • 1953 – “The Caine Mutiny Court Martial” opens at Plymouth Theatre, New York
  • 1959 – At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
  • 1960 – Cold War: Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a desk at United Nations General Assembly meeting to protest a Philippine assertion of Soviet Union colonialist policy being conducted in Eastern Europe
  • 1960 – Inejiro Asanuma is assassinated in Japan by Otoya Yamaguchi, a 17-year-old. The camera was rolling at that time.
  • 1962 – Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
  • 1964 – The Soviet Union launches the Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit as the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew and the first flight without space suits
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: US Secretary of State Dean Rusk states during a news conference that proposals by the U.S. Congress for peace initiatives were futile because of North Vietnam’s opposition
  • 1968 – Equatorial Guinea becomes independent from Spain
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas
  • 1972 – En route to the Gulf of Tonkin, a racial brawl involving more than 100 sailors breaks out aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk
  • 1976 – The People’s Republic of China announces that Hua Guofeng is the successor to the late Mao Zedong as chairman of Communist Party of China.
  • 1979 – The lowest recorded non-tornadic atmospheric pressure, 87.0 kPa (870 mbar or 25.69 inHg), occurred in the Western Pacific during Typhoon Tip.
  • 1983 – Japan’s former Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei is found guilty of taking a $2 million bribe from Lockheed and is sentenced to 4 years in jail.
  • 1984 – Brighton hotel bombing: Margaret Thatcher survives an IRA bomb, which shredded her bathroom barely two minutes after she had left it.
  • 1986 – Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People’s Republic of China
  • 1988 – Two officers of the Victoria Police are gunned down executional style in the Walsh Street police shootings, Australia.
  • 1991 – Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by republic’s Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.
  • 1994 – NASA loses radio contact with the Magellan spacecraft as the probe descends into the thick atmosphere of Venus (the spacecraft presumably burned up in the atmosphere either October 13 or October 14).
  • 1997 – Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria; 43 killed at a fake roadblock.
  • 1999 – Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup.
  • 1999 – The Day of Six Billion: The proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born.
  • 2000 – The USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden, Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39
  • 2002 – Terrorists detonate bombs in Paddy’s Pub and the Sari Club in Kuta, Bali, killing 202 and wounding over 300.
  • 2005 – The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 launched carrying Fèi Jùnlóng and Niè Haishèng for five days in orbit.

October 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1008 – Emperor Go-Ichijo of Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1350 – Dmitry Donskoy, Grand Prince of Moscovy (d. 1389)
  • 1490 – Bernardo Pisano, Italian composer (d. 1548)
  • 1537 – King Edward VI of England (d. 1553)
  • 1558 – Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1558 – Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit (d. 1651)
  • 1576 – Thomas Dudley, Massachusetts colonial magistrate (d. 1653)
  • 1602 – William Chillingworth, English churchman (d. 1644)
  • 1710 – Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1785)
  • 1712 – William Shippen, American physician and Continental Congressman (d. 1801)
  • 1725 – Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (d. 1810)
  • 1792 – Christian Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1860)
  • 1798 – Pedro I of Brazil (d. 1834)
  • 1801 – Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1873)
  • 1840 – Helena Modrzejewska, Polish-born actress (d. 1909)
  • 1855 – Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (d. 1922)
  • 1860 – Elmer Sperry, American inventor (d. 1930)
  • 1865 – Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1866 – Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1937)
  • 1872 – Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (d. 1958)
  • 1874 – Jimmy Burke, baseball player (d. 1942)
  • 1875 – Aleister Crowley, English occultist and author (d. 1947)
  • 1880 – Louis Hémon, French novelist (d. 1913)
  • 1887 – Paula von Preradovic, Croatian-Austrian poet (d. 1951)
  • 1890 – Michael Collins, Irish leader (d. 1922)
  • 1891 – Edith Stein, Carmelite Catholic nun and martyr (d. 1942)
  • 1892 – Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano (d. 1975)
  • 1894 – Elisabeth of Romania, queen of Greece (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Ding Ling, Chinese writer (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Lester Dent, American writer (d. 1959)
  • 1906 – Joe Cronin, baseball player and executive (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Paul Engle, American writer (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Ann Petry, American novelist (d. 1997)
  • 1910 – Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Bob Sheppard, New York Yankees announcer
  • 1916 – Alice Childress, American actress, playwright, and novelist (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Gilles Beaudoin, Quebec politician (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Christy Ring, Irish hurler (d. 1979)
  • 1924 – Doris Grau, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1925 – Denis Lazure, Quebec politician
  • 1929 – Robert Coles, American psychologist and author
  • 1929 – Magnús Magnússon, Icelandic-born television presenter (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Dick Gregory, American comedian and activist
  • 1932 – Ned Jarrett, American race car driver
  • 1933 – Guido Molinari, Canadian painter (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Richard Meier, American architect
  • 1934 – Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician
  • 1935 – Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Sam Moore, American R&B singer (Sam & Dave)
  • 1935 – Don Howe, English football player and manager
  • 1937 – Paul Hawkins, Australian racing driver (d. 1969)
  • 1937 – Robert Mangold, American artist
  • 1938 – Bob Miller, American NHL broadcaster
  • 1941 – Michael Mansfield, English barrister
  • 1942 – Melvin Franklin, American singer (The Temptations) (d. 1995)
  • 1944 – Angela Rippon, British television personality
  • 1945 – Aurore Clément, French actress
  • 1945 – Dusty Rhodes, professional wrestler
  • 1947 – Chris Wallace, American journalist
  • 1947 – George Lam, Hong Kong singer
  • 1948 – Rick Parfitt, British musician (Status Quo)
  • 1950 – Susan Anton, American actress
  • 1950 – Robin Askwith, English actor
  • 1950 – Caroline Ellis, English actress
  • 1950 – Dave Freudenthal, American politician
  • 1950 – Kaga Takeshi, Japanese actor
  • 1951 – Sally Ride, first American woman in space
  • 1951 – Ed Royce, American politician
  • 1952 – Danielle Proulx, Quebec actress
  • 1953 – Les Dennis, British comedian/TV presenter
  • 1953 – Serge Lepeltier, French politician
  • 1955 – Ante Gotovina, Croatian general
  • 1955 – Jane Siberry, Canadian musician
  • 1957 – Kristen Bjorn, British film director
  • 1959 – Anna Escobedo Cabral, 42nd Treasurer of the United States
  • 1962 – Carlos Bernard, American actor
  • 1962 – Chris Botti, American jazz musician
  • 1962 – Branko Crvenkovski, Macedonian President
  • 1962 – Deborah Foreman, American actress
  • 1963 – Lane Frost, American professional bull rider, (d. 1989)
  • 1963 – Satoshi Kon, Japanese anime director
  • 1963 – Alan McDonald, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1963 – Luis Polonia, Dominican baseball player
  • 1965 – Jean-Jacques Daigneault, National Hockey League defenseman
  • 1965 – Scott O’Grady, former United States Air Force captain
  • 1966 – Jonathan Crombie, Canadian actor
  • 1966 – Wim Jonk, Dutch football player
  • 1966 – Brian Kennedy, Northern Irish musician and author
  • 1968 – Bill Auberlen, American race car driver
  • 1968 – Hugh Jackman, Australian actor and singer
  • 1968 – Adam Rich, American actor
  • 1969 – Martie Maguire, American musician (Dixie Chicks)
  • 1969 – Dwayne Roloson, Canadian NHL hockey player
  • 1969 – Jose Valentin, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Kirk Cameron, American actor
  • 1970 – Tanyon Sturtze, baseball player
  • 1970 – Charlie Ward, American football and basketball player
  • 1970 – Julian (pornographic actor), Male pornographic actor
  • 1971 – Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor, composer and singer
  • 1971 – Tony Fiore, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Irina Pantaeva, Russian supermodel and actress
  • 1972 – Juan Manuel Silva, Argentine racing driver
  • 1972 – Tom Van Mol, Belgian football player
  • 1973 – Lesli Brea, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Rodney Mack, professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Stephen Lee, English snooker player
  • 1974 – Marie Wilson, Canadian actress
  • 1975 – Marion Jones, American athlete
  • 1976 – Sarah Lane, American television personality
  • 1977 – Jessica Barker, Canadian actress
  • 1977 – Young Jeezy, African-American rapper
  • 1977 – Bode Miller, American alpine ski-racer
  • 1977 – Javier Toyo, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1978 – Baden Cooke, Australian cyclist
  • 1979 – Jordan Pundik, American singer (New Found Glory)
  • 1981 – Shola Ameobi, English footballer
  • 1981 – Tom Guiry, American actor
  • 1981 – Brian Kerr, Scottish international footballer
  • 1981 – Sneha, Indian actress
  • 1982 – Molly Bennett, Irish singer
  • 1983 – Alex Brosque, Australian footballer
  • 1985 – Mike Green, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Marcus T. Paulk, American actor
  • 1986 – Sergio Peter, German footballer
  • 1990 – Henri Lansbury, English footballer
  • 1992 – Taylor Horn, American singer and actress
  • 1992 – Josh Hutcherson, American actor
  • 1997 – Prince Boris of Bulgaria

October 12 – Deaths:

  • 632 – Edwin of Deira, King of Northumbria and Bretwalda
  • 638 – Pope Honorius I
  • 642 – Pope John IV
  • 1095 – Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)
  • 1176 – William d’Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician
  • 1320 – Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor
  • 1491 – Fritz Herlen, German artist
  • 1492 – Piero della Francesca, Italian painter
  • 1565 – Jean Ribault, French explorer and colonizer (b. 1520)
  • 1576 – Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1527)
  • 1590 – Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (b. 1543)
  • 1600 – Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1535)
  • 1632 – Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)
  • 1646 – François de Bassompierre, Marshal of France (b. 1579)
  • 1678 – Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (b. 1621)
  • 1679 – William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
  • 1685 – Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (b. 1628)
  • 1730 – King Frederick IV of Denmark (b. 1671)
  • 1758 – Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
  • 1845 – Elizabeth Fry, British social reformer and philanthropist (b. 1780)
  • 1870 – Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general (b. 1807)
  • 1875 – Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1896 – Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (b. 1817)
  • 1898 – Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
  • 1915 – Edith Cavell, English nurse (b. 1865)
  • 1924 – Anatole France, French author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1844)
  • 1940 – Tom Mix, American actor (b. 1880)
  • 1946 – Joseph Stilwell, U.S. general (b. 1883)
  • 1954 – George Welch, American pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1956 – Don Lorenzo Perosi, Italian composer (b. 1872)
  • 1958 – Gordon Griffith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1960 – Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese politician (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
  • 1967 – Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician leader
  • 1969 – Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater (b. 1912)
  • 1970 – Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (b. 1930)
  • 1971 – Dean Acheson, U.S. Secretary of State (b. 1893)
  • 1971 – Gene Vincent, pioneering American rock’n’roll musician (b. 1935)
  • 1978 – Nancy Spungen, girlfriend of Sex Pistol Sid Vicious (b. 1958)
  • 1983 – The Grand Wizard of Wrestling, Wrestling manager
  • 1984 – Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (bombing victim) (b. 1925)
  • 1985 – Johnny Olson, American game show announcer (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Ricky Wilson, American musician; member of The B-52’s (b. 1953)
  • 1987 – Alf Landon, Governor of Kansas (b. 1887)
  • 1988 – Ruth Manning-Sanders, author of children’s books (b. 1895)
  • 1989 – Jay Ward, American animator (Rocky and Bullwinkle, etc.) (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Arkady Strugatsky, Russian novelist (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Leon Ames, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1993 – Tofik Bakhramov, Russian footballer (b. 1926)
  • 1994 – Gérald Godin, Québécois poet and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – René Lacoste, French tennis player (b. 1904)
  • 1997 – John Denver, American singer (b. 1943)
  • 1998 – Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (b. 1976)
  • 1998 – Mario Beaulieu, French Canadian politician (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player (b. 1936)
  • 2001 – Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, British politician (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Ray Conniff, American bandleader and musician (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Audrey Mestre, French diver (b. 1974)
  • 2003 – Jim Cairns, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Joan Kroc, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Willie Shoemaker, American jockey (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – C. Delores Tucker, American politician and civil rights activist (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian film director (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect (b. 1934)

October 12 – Holidays::

  • Equatorial Guinea – Independence Day (from Spain, 1968)
  • Malawi – Mother’s Day
  • Spain – National Day
  • El Dia de la Raza – Latin America.
  • French Republican Calendar – Chanvre (Hemp) Day, twenty-first day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • Brazil – Children’s Day and the day of Our Lady of Aparecida (National Religious holiday).
  • United States – Freethought Day

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