On This Day in History April 16

April 16 – Events:

  • 1178 BC – A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War.
  • 73 – Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt.
  • 1071 – Bari falls to Robert Guiscard, ending Byzantine rule in Italy.
  • 1346 – Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe.
  • 1395 – Azzo X d’Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops.
  • 1521 – Martin Luther’s first appearance before the Diet of Worms to be examined by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and the other estates of the empire.
  • 1582 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina.
  • 1746 – Battle of Culloden.
  • 1780 – The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded.
  • 1799 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Mount Tabor – Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
  • 1853 – The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
  • 1858 – The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was wound up.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle at Lee’s Mills in Virginia.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: A bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia became law.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Vicksburg – ships led by Union Admiral David Dixon Porter move through heavy Confederate artillery fire on approach to Vicksburg, Mississippi.
  • 1881 – In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
  • 1891 – Arthur Tolkien, father of J.R.R. Tolkien, marries Mabel Suffield.
  • 1912 – Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel.
  • 1917 – Vladimir Lenin returns to Saint Petersburg from exile in Finland.
  • 1919 – Mohandas Gandhi organizes a day of “prayer and fasting” in response to the British slaughter of Indian protestors in the Amritsar Massacre.
  • 1922 – The Treaty of Rapallo, in which Germany and the Soviet Union re-establish diplomatic relations between Berlin and Moscow, is signed.
  • 1925 – During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Italian convoy Duisburg, directed to Tunisia, is attacked and destroyed by British ships.
  • 1943 – Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD.
  • 1945 – The Red Army begins the final assault on German forces around Berlin.
  • 1945 – The United States Army liberates Nazi Sonderlager (high security) Prisoner of War camp Oflag IVc .
  • 1945 – More than 7,000 die when the German refugee ship Goya is sunk by a Soviet submarine torpedo.
  • 1946 – Syria gains independence.
  • 1947 – Texas City Disaster: An explosion on board a freighter in port causes the city of Texas City, Texas, to catch fire, killing almost 600.
  • 1947 – Bernard Baruch coins the term “Cold War” to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union.
  • 1953 – Queen Elizabeth II launches the Royal Yacht Britannia.
  • 1963 – Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. pens his famous Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama for protesting against segregation.
  • 1963 – Great Train Robbery – 12 men are sentenced to a total of 307 years.
  • 1972 – Apollo program: Apollo 16 launches towards the Moon from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Nguyen Hue Offensive – Prompted by the North Vietnamese offensive, the United States resumes bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong.
  • 1987 – British Conservative MP Harvey Proctor appears at Bow Street Magistrates’ Court in London charged with gross indecency.
  • 1988 – In Forlì, Italy, Red Brigades kill Italian Senator Roberto Ruffilli, an advisor of Prime Minister Ciriaco de Mita.
  • 1992 – The Katina P. runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique. 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean.
  • 2003 – The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting 10 new member states to the European Union.
  • 2007 – Virginia Tech massacre: the deadliest mass shooting in modern American history, in which a gunman shoots 32 people to death and injures 23 others before committing suicide.

April 16 – Birthdays:

  • 778 – King Louis the Pious (d. 840)
  • 1319 – King John II of France (d. 1364)
  • 1495 – Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (d. 1557)
  • 1646 – Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect (d. 1708)
  • 1660 – Hans Sloane, British collector and physician (d. 1753)
  • 1661 – Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, British poet and statesman (d. 1715)
  • 1682 – John Hadley, British inventor (d. 1744)
  • 1693 – Anne Sophie Reventlow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1743)
  • 1728 – Joseph Black, Scottish chemist (d. 1799)
  • 1738 – Henry Clinton, British general (d. 1795)
  • 1755 – Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter (d. 1842)
  • 1800 – George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British soldier (d. 1888)
  • 1821 – Ford Madox Brown, English painter (d. 1893)
  • 1823 – Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (d. 1852)
  • 1827 – Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet (d. 1879)
  • 1844 – Anatole France, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924)
  • 1847 – Hans Auer, Swiss architect, (d. 1906)
  • 1848 – Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Social Reformer of Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
  • 1859 – Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • 1865 – Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)
  • 1866 – José de Diego, Puerto Rico statesman and journalist (d. 1918)
  • 1867 – Wilbur Wright, American aviation pioneer (d. 1912)
  • 1871 – John Millington Synge, Irish writer (d. 1909)
  • 1878 – Tip Foster, English cricketer (d. 1914)
  • 1886 – Ernst Thälmann, German politician (d. 1944)
  • 1889 – Charles Chaplin, English actor, writer, and film producer (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer (d. 1948)
  • 1896 – Tristan Tzara, Romanian poet and essayist (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Fifi D’Orsay, Canadian actress (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Frits Philips, Dutch businessman (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (d. 1947)
  • 1907 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)
  • 1912 – Garth Williams, American illustrator (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Gerard McLarnon, Irish playwright (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Barry Nelson, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Spike Milligan, Irish comedian (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Joan Alexander, American actress
  • 1918 – Dick Gibson, British racing driver
  • 1919 – Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1919 – Tom Willmore, English geometer (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Peter Ustinov, English actor (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Kingsley Amis, English author (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – John Harvey-Jones, Industrialist (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Henry Mancini, American composer (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Rudy Pompilli, American musician (Bill Haley & His Comets) (d. 1976)
  • 1927 – Edie Adams, American actress
  • 1927 – Pope Benedict XVI
  • 1927 – Peter Mark Richman, American actor
  • 1928 – “Night Train” Lane, American football player (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Ed Townsend, American singer and songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Herbie Mann, American jazz flute player (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Joan Bakewell, British broadcaster
  • 1935 – Sarah Kirsch, German poet
  • 1935 – Bobby Vinton, American singer
  • 1937 – Joseph Whipp, American actor
  • 1938 – Gordon Wilson, Scottish politician
  • 1938 – Rich Rollins, American baseballer
  • 1939 – Dusty Springfield, English singer (d. 1999)
  • 1939 – Boris Dvornik, Croatian actor
  • 1940 – Margrethe II of Denmark, queen regnant
  • 1940 – Benoît Bouchard, French-Canadian politician
  • 1942 – Sir Frank Williams, English F1 constructor and team principle (WilliamsF1)
  • 1942 – Jim Lonborg, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Ruth Madoc, British actress
  • 1943 – Dave Peverett, English musician (Foghat, Savoy Brown) (d. 2000)
  • 1946 – Margot Adler, American journalist
  • 1947 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, American basketball player
  • 1947 – Gerry Rafferty, British musician and songwriter
  • 1948 – Lynne Franks, British public relations consultant
  • 1949 – Melody Patterson, American actress
  • 1951 – Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer
  • 1951 – Ioan Mihai Cochinescu, Romanian writer and photographer
  • 1951 – Björgvin Halldórsson, Icelandic singer
  • 1952 – Bill Belichick, American football coach
  • 1952 – Billy West, American voice actor
  • 1953 – Peter Garrett, Australian musician (Midnight Oil)
  • 1953 – J. Neil Schulman, American writer
  • 1954 – Ellen Barkin, American actress
  • 1954 – John Bowe, Australian racing driver
  • 1955 – Bruce Bochy, American baseball player and manager
  • 1956 – Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier
  • 1959 – Alison Ramsay, Scottish field hockey player
  • 1960 – Rafael Benítez, Spanish football manager
  • 1960 – Pierre Littbarski, German footballer
  • 1960 – Wahab Akbar, Filipino politician (d. 2007)
  • 1961 – Doris Dragovic, Croatian singer
  • 1962 – Ian MacKaye, American musician, (Fugazi and Minor Threat)
  • 1963 – Jimmy Osmond, American pop singer (The Osmonds)
  • 1964 – Dave Pirner, American rock singer (Soul Asylum)
  • 1964 – David Kohan, American television producer
  • 1965 – Jon Cryer, American actor
  • 1965 – Martin Lawrence, American actor
  • 1965 – Michael Wong Man Tak, Hong Kong actor and director
  • 1969 – Fernando Viña, American Baseball Player
  • 1971 – Peter Billingsley, American actor
  • 1971 – Selena, American singer (d. 1995)
  • 1971 – Moses Chan, Hong Kong actor
  • 1971 – Seigo Yamamoto, Japanese racing driver
  • 1972 – Conchita Martinez, Spanish tennis player
  • 1973 – Bonnie Pink, Japanese singer
  • 1974 – Mat Devine, American singer (Kill Hannah)
  • 1974 – Xu Jinglei, Chinese actress, singer and director
  • 1975 – Sean Maher, American actor
  • 1975 – Nick Pickard, British actor
  • 1976 – Lukas Haas, American actor
  • 1976 – Dan Kellner, American fencer
  • 1976 – Shu Qi, Taiwanese actress
  • 1977 – Alek Wek, Sudanese supermodel
  • 1977 – Fredrik Ljungberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1978 – Matthew Lloyd, Australian rules footballer
  • 1978 – Lara Dutta, Indian actress
  • 1979 – Christijan Albers, Dutch Formula One driver
  • 1979 – Sixto Peralta, Argentine footballer
  • 1980 – Paul London, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Boris Diaw, French basketball player
  • 1982 – Barry Jones, Scottish magician
  • 1982 – Jonathan Vilma, American football player
  • 1983 – Cat Osterman, American softball pitcher
  • 1983 – George Patis, Greek badminton player
  • 1983 – Marié Digby, American Singer
  • 1984 – Amelia Atwater-Rhodes, American author
  • 1985 – Mark Baker, Welsh author and historian
  • 1985 – Luol Deng, British-Sudanese basketball player
  • 1986 – Paul di Resta, British racing driver
  • 1987 – Aaron Lennon, English footballer
  • 1990 – Lorraine Nicholson, American actress
  • 1994 – Liliana Mumy, American actress

April 16 – Deaths:

  • 69 – Otho, Roman Emperor (b. 32)
  • 744 – al-Walid II, Umayyad caliph
  • 924 – Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy
  • 1113 – Sviatopolk II of Kiev, Russian prince (b. 1050)
  • 1118 – Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily
  • 1198 – Duke Frederick I of Austria
  • 1645 – Tobias Hume, English composer
  • 1687 – George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (b. 1628)
  • 1689 – Aphra Behn, English dramatist (b. 1640)
  • 1783 – Christian Mayer, Czech astronomer (b. 1719)
  • 1788 – Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist (b. 1707)
  • 1828 – Francisco de Goya, Spanish painter (b. 1746)
  • 1846 – Domenico Dragonetti, Italian composer (b. 1763)
  • 1850 – Marie Tussaud, founder of the Madame Tussauds wax museum (b. 1761)
  • 1859 – Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)
  • 1879 – Bernadette Soubirous, French shepherd girl (b. 1844)
  • 1888 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (b. 1845)
  • 1904 – Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (b. 1888)
  • 1904 – Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer and reformer (b. 1812)
  • 1914 – George William Hill, American astronomer (b. 1838)
  • 1915 – Nelson W. Aldrich, American politician (b. 1841)
  • 1928 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman, founder of Henri Birks and Sons (b. 1840)
  • 1930 – José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)
  • 1938 – Steve Bloomer, English footballer (b. 1874)
  • 1946 – Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and automobile designer (b. 1884)
  • 1947 – Rudolf Hoess, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1900)
  • 1958 – Rosalind Franklin, British chemist (b. 1920)
  • 1968 – Edna Ferber, American author (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)
  • 1972 – Kawabata Yasunari, Japanese writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Lucius Clay, American general (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – Scott Brady, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – David Lean, British film director (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Neville Brand, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Ralph Ellison, American writer (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Arthur English, English actor and comedian (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Iqbal Masih, Pakistani child slave labourer, activist (b. 1982)
  • 1996 – Stavros Niarchos, Greek shipping tycoon (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Doris Angleton, American socialite (b. 1951)
  • 1997 – Roland Topor, French illustrator (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Fred Davis, English snooker player (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Skip Spence, Canadian-born guitarist, singer and songwriter (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1946)
  • 2001 – Michael Ritchie, American film director (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Alec Stock, English football manager (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Ruth Fertel, American restaurateur (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Robert Urich, American actor (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – Graham Stuart Thomas, English author and garden designer (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Kay Walsh, British actress (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Marla Ruzicka, American humanitarian worker and peace activist (b. 1976)
  • 2006 – Francisco Adam, Portuguese actor and model (b. 1983)
  • 2007 – Gaetan Duchesne, Canadian hockey player (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Maria Lenk, Brazilian swimmer and first Brazilian woman to compete in the Olympic Games (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Frank Bateson, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1909)

April 16 – Holidays:

  • Emancipation Day in Washington, D.C.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:

o   Saint Benedict Joseph Labre

o   Saint Drogo

o   Saint Fructuosus

o   Saint Paternus

o   Saint Turibius

o   Saints Martial, Urban, Eventius, Caecilian, Julia, and their companions, martyrs of 304

o   Saint Bernadette

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On This Day in History April 15

April 15 – Events:

  • 1450 – Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years’ War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English forces, ending English domination in Northern France.
  • 1632 – Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.
  • 1715 – Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.
  • 1738 – Premiere in London of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel.
  • 1755 – Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language published in London.
  • 1783 – Preliminary articles of peace ending Revolutionary War ratified.
  • 1802 – William Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy see a “long belt” of daffodils, inspiring the former to pen I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln dies after being shot the previous evening by John Wilkes Booth and Andrew Johnson becomes the 17th President of the United States.
  • 1892 – The General Electric Company forms.
  • 1906 – The establishing of the Armenian organization, AGBU.
  • 1912 – The British passenger liner RMS Titanic sinks after hitting an iceberg in the North Atlantic, causing the deaths of about 1,503 people.
  • 1920 – Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti allegedly murder two security guards while robbing a shoe store.
  • 1923 – Insulin first became generally available for use by diabetics.
  • 1924 – Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.
  • 1927 – Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford and Norma and Constance Talmadge become the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman’s Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
  • 1940 – The Allies start their attack on the Norwegian town of Narvik which was occupied by Nazi Germany.
  • 1941 – Belfast Blitz: Two-hundred bombers of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) attacked Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing one thousand people.
  • 1942 – George Cross awarded to “to the island fortress of Malta – its people and defenders” by King George VI.
  • 1943 – An Allied bomber attack misses the Minerva automobile factory and hits the Belgian town of Mortsel instead, killing 936 civilians.
  • 1945 – The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is liberated.
  • 1947 – Jackie Robinson debuts for the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team, breaking that sport’s color line.
  • 1955 – Ray Kroc opens his first franchise of McDonald’s restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois.
  • 1957 – White Rock, British Columbia officially separates from Surrey, British Columbia and is incorporated as a new city.
  • 1967 – Scotland defeat rivals England 3-2 at Wembley stadium, causing the Scottish fans to jokingly claim their side as “Unofficial World Champions,” creating the phenomenon of the Unofficial Football World Championships.
  • 1984 – British comedian Tommy Cooper suffers a massive heart attack while live on TV.
  • 1986 – The United States launch Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya.
  • 1989 – Hillsborough disaster: A human crush occurs at Hillsborough Stadium, a football stadium in Sheffield, resulting in 96 deaths.
  • 1989 – Upon Hu Yaobang’s death, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 begin in the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1992 – National Assembly of Vietnam adopts the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1994 – Representatives of 124 countries and the European Communities sign the Marrakesh Agreements revising the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and initiating the World Trade Organization (effective January 1, 1995).
  • 1997 – Fire sweeps through a campsite of Muslims making the Hajj pilgrimage; the official death toll is 343.
  • 2002 – An Air China Boeing 767-200, flight CA129 crashes into hillside during heavy rain and fog near Busan, South Korea, killing 128.

April 15 – Birthdays:

  • 1452 – Leonardo da Vinci, Italian Renaissance polymath (d. 1519)
  • 1469 – Guru Nanak Dev, Founder of Sikhism (d. 1539)
  • 1489 – Sinan, Ottoman architect (d. 1588)
  • 1552 – Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1626)
  • 1588 – Claudius Salmasius, French classical scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1641 – Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)
  • 1642 – Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1691)
  • 1646 – King Christian V of Denmark (d. 1699)
  • 1646 – Pierre Poiret, French mystic (d. 1719)
  • 1684 – Catherine I of Russia (d. 1727)
  • 1688 – Johann Friedrich Fasch, German composer (d. 1758)
  • 1707 – Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (d. 1783)
  • 1710 – William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)
  • 1721 – Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (d. 1765)
  • 1741 – Charles Willson Peale, American painter, soldier and naturalist (d. 1827)
  • 1772 – Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. 1844)
  • 1793 – Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German astronomer (d. 1864)
  • 1794 – Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist (d. 1867)
  • 1800 – James Clark Ross, English explorer (d. 1862)
  • 1809 – Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1832 – Wilhelm Busch, German poet (d. 1908)
  • 1841 – Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)
  • 1843 – Henry James, American author (d. 1916)
  • 1858 – Émile Durkheim, French sociologist (d. 1917)
  • 1861 – Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (d. 1929)
  • 1874 – George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)
  • 1874 – Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1875 – James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1953)
  • 1878 – Robert Walser, Swiss writer (d. 1956)
  • 1879 – Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer (d. 1980)
  • 1883 – Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
  • 1885 – Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • 1886 – Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1888 – Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (d. 1904)
  • 1889 – Thomas Hart Benton, American muralist (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – A. Philip Randolph, American activist (d. 1979)
  • 1892 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)
  • 1892 – Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)
  • 1894 – Bessie Smith, American blues singer (d. 1937)
  • 1895 – Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Joe Davis, English snooker player (d. 1978)
  • 1902 – Fernando Pessa, Portuguese journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1904 – Arshile Gorky, Armenian Artist (d. 1948)
  • 1907 – Nikolaas Tinbergen, Dutch ethologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Eden Ahbez, American songwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Kim Il-sung, President of North Korea (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)
  • 1917 – Hans Conried, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1917 – James Kee, American politician (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Richard von Weizsäcker, President of Germany
  • 1921 – Georgi Beregovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Michael Ansara, Syrian-American actor
  • 1922 – Harold Washington, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Sir Neville Marriner, English conductor
  • 1927 – Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland
  • 1933 – Roy Clark, American musician
  • 1933 – Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Boris Strugatsky, Russian author
  • 1936 – Raymond Poulidor, French cyclist
  • 1937 – Bob Luman, American country singer (d. 1978)
  • 1938 – Hso Khan Pha, Burmese politician
  • 1939 – Claudia Cardinale, Tunisian-born actress
  • 1939 – Marty Wilde, British singer
  • 1940 – Jeffrey Archer, British author
  • 1940 – Willie Davis, American baseball player
  • 1940 – Woodie Fryman, American baseball player
  • 1940 – Robert Lacroix, French Canadian professor of economics
  • 1940 – Robert Walker Jr., American actor
  • 1941 – Howard Berman, American politician
  • 1942 – Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate
  • 1942 – Walt Hazzard, American basketball player
  • 1942 – Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Dzhokhar Dudaev, Chechen leader (d. 1996)
  • 1944 – Dave Edmunds, Welsh musician
  • 1947 – Lois Chiles, American actress
  • 1947 – Cristina Husmark Pehrsson, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Mike Chapman, British songwriter
  • 1948 – Michael Kamen, American composer (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Tonio K, American singer
  • 1949 – Alla Pugacheva, Russian singer
  • 1950 – Josiane Balasko, French actress, director and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Amy Wright, American actress
  • 1951 – Heloise, American newspaper columnist
  • 1952 – Bengt Gingsjö, Swedish swimmer
  • 1952 – Kym Gyngell, Australian comedian
  • 1952 – Sam McMurray, American actor
  • 1954 – Seka, American pornographic actress
  • 1955 – Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)
  • 1956 – Michael Cooper, American basketball player
  • 1957 – Evelyn Ashford, American athlete
  • 1958 – Keith Acton, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1958 – Dolores Gordon-Smith, British Writer
  • 1958 – Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer
  • 1959 – Fruit Chan, Hong Kong film director
  • 1959 – Emma Thompson, English actress
  • 1959 – Thomas F. Wilson, American actor
  • 1959 – Kevin Lowe, Canadian ice hockey player and general manager
  • 1960 – Tony Jones, English snooker player
  • 1960 – Pedro Delgado, Spanish cyclist
  • 1960 – HRH Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant, heir to the Belgian throne
  • 1962 – Surjit Bindrakhia, Punjabi Bhangra singer
  • 1962 – Nawal El Moutawakel, Morrocan hurdler
  • 1962 – Tom Kane, American voice actor
  • 1963 – Bobby Pepper, American journalist
  • 1965 – Linda Perry, American musician
  • 1966 – Samantha Fox, English singer
  • 1967 – Frankie Poullain, British musician (The Darkness)
  • 1967 – Dara Torres, American swimmer
  • 1967 – Alt, Brazilian comic creator
  • 1968 – Ed O’Brien, British musician (Radiohead)
  • 1968 – Stacey Williams, American model
  • 1969 – Jeromy Burnitz, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Milton Bradley, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Jimmy Waite, Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1970 – Flex Alexander, American actor
  • 1971 – Katy Hill, British television presenter
  • 1971 – Sarah Jane Hamilton, British pornographic actress
  • 1971 – Jason Sehorn, American football player
  • 1972 – Lou Romano, American voice actor
  • 1972 – Arturo Gatti, Canadian boxer
  • 1974 – Mike Quinn, American football player
  • 1974 – Danny Pino, American actor
  • 1974 – Josh Todd, American musician (Buckcherry)
  • 1975 – Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)
  • 1976 – Jason Bonsignore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Susan Ward, American actress
  • 1977 – Brian Pothier, American ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Austin Aries, American wrestler
  • 1978 – Tim Corcoran, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Natalie Casey, British actress
  • 1980 – James Foster, English cricketer
  • 1980 – Raúl López, Spanish basketball player
  • 1980 – Victor Núñez, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1980 – Fränk Schleck, Luxembourgish cyclist
  • 1981 – Andrés D’Alessandro, Argentine football player
  • 1981 – Seth Wulsin, American artist
  • 1982 – Anthony Green, American musician
  • 1982 – Seth Rogen, Canadian actor and writer
  • 1983 – Ilya Kovalchuk, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Dudu Cearense, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Bronson La’Cassie, Australian professional golfer
  • 1984 – Rodney Carney, NBA athlete
  • 1984 – Cam Janssen, American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – John Danks, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Aaron Laffey, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Quincy Owusu-Abeyie, Dutch footballer
  • 1986 – Thomas Heaton, English footballer
  • 1990 – Emma Watson, English actress
  • 1992 – Amy Diamond, Swedish singer

April 15 – Deaths:

  • 1053 – Godwin, Earl of Wessex
  • 1220 – Adolf of Altena, Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1415 – Manuel Chrysoloras, Greek humanist and grammarian
  • 1446 – Filippo Brunelleschi, Italian architect (b. 1377)
  • 1610 – Robert Parsons, English Jesuit priest (b. 1546)
  • 1621 – John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony
  • 1632 – George Calvert, Proprietor of the Avalon (Maryland) Colony (b. 1580)
  • 1641 – Domenico Zampieri, Italian painter (b. 1581)
  • 1652 – Patriarch Joseph, head of the Russian Orthodox Church
  • 1659 – Simon Dach, German poet (b. 1605)
  • 1704 – Johann van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (b. 1628)
  • 1719 – Françoise d’Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, second wife of Louis XIV of France (b. 1635)
  • 1754 – Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (b. 1676)
  • 1761 – Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)
  • 1761 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (b. 1696)
  • 1764 – Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1721)
  • 1764 – Peder Horrebow, Danish astronomer (b. 1679)
  • 1765 – Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian scientist and writer (b. 1711)
  • 1788 – Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer (b. 1711)
  • 1793 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer (b. 1718)
  • 1804 – Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)
  • 1854 – Arthur Aikin, English chemist, mineralogist, and writer (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (b. 1809)
  • 1888 – Matthew Arnold, English poet (b. 1822)
  • 1889 – Father Damien, Belgian missionary (b. 1840)
  • 1898 – Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic
  • 1912 – Edward Smith, captain of the RMS Titanic (b. 1850)
  • 1927 – Gaston Leroux, French writer (b. 1868)
  • 1938 – César Vallejo, Peruvian poet (b. 1892)
  • 1942 – Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1943 – Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1882)
  • 1945 – Hermann Florstedt, Nazi leader (b. 1895)
  • 1948 – Radola Gajda, Czech military commander and politician (d. 1892)
  • 1949 – Wallace Beery, American actor (b. 1885)
  • 1957 – Pedro Infante, Mexican actor and singer (b. 1917)
  • 1962 – Clara Blandick, American actress (b. 1881)
  • 1963 – Edward “Carji” Greeves, Australian rules footballer (b. 1903)
  • 1969 – Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen of Spain (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Ripper Collins, American baseball player (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Dan Reeves, American football team owner (b. 1912)
  • 1974 – Giovanni D’Anzi, Italian songwriter (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Richard Conte, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Raymond Bailey, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Arthur Lowe, British actor (b. 1915)
  • 1983 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Tommy Cooper, Welsh comedy magician (b. 1921)
  • 1984 – Alexander Trocchi, Scottish writer (b. 1925)
  • 1986 – Jean Genet, French author (b. 1910)
  • 1988 – Kenneth Williams, English actor and comedian (b. 1926)
  • 1988 – Youri Egorov, Soviet classical pianist (b. 1954)
  • 1989 – Nesuhi Ertegün, American record executive (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – Hu Yaobang, Chinese politician (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Greta Garbo, Swedish actress (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Leslie Charteris, Singapore-born author (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – John Curry, English figure skater (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Harry Shoulberg, American painter, serigrapher (b. 1903)
  • 1998 – Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Harvey Postlethwaite, British engineer and racing car designer (b. 1944)
  • 2000 – Edward Gorey, American illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Joey Ramone, American musician and singer (The Ramones) (b. 1951)
  • 2002 – Damon Knight, American author (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Byron “Whizzer” White, American football player and U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Erin Fleming, Canadian actress (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Reg Bundy, British performer (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Ray Condo, Canadian musician (b. 1950)
  • 2005 – John Fred, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Brant Parker, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

April 15 – Holidays:

  • Ancient Latvia — Tipsa Diena was observed.
  • Hawai’i – Father Damien Day — celebrated annually.
  • India – Baisakhi, Pôhela Boishakh, Rongali Bihu.
  • North Korea – Arirang Festival held to commemorate Kim Il-sung’s birth.
  • Roman Empire — the Fordicia was celebrated in honor of Terra.
  • United States – April 15 is the official deadline for filing an individual tax return (or requesting an extension) in most areas of the country.

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On This Day in History April 14

April 14 – Events:

  • 43 BC – Battle of Forum Gallorum. Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar’s assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.
  • 69 – Vitellius, commander of the Rhine armies, defeats Emperor Otho in the Battle of Bedriacum and seizes the throne.
  • 1028 – Henry III, son of Conrad, is elected king of the Germans.
  • 1205 – Battle of Adrianople between Bulgarians and Crusaders.
  • 1341 – Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo
  • 1434 – The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France was laid.
  • 1471 – In England, the Yorkists under Edward IV defeat the Lancastrians under Warwick at the battle of Barnet; the Earl of Warwick is killed and Edward IV resumes the throne.
  • 1632 – Battle of Rain: Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.
  • 1699 – Khalsa. Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar.
  • 1775 – The first abolition society in the North America is established. The “Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage” is organized in Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush.
  • 1828 – Noah Webster copyrights the first edition of his dictionary.
  • 1831 – Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse.
  • 1846 – The Donner Party of pioneers departs Springfield, Illinois, U.S. for California, on what will become a year-long journey of hardship, cannibalism, and survival.
  • 1849 – Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader.
  • 1860 – The first Pony Express rider reaches Sacramento, U.S..
  • 1864 – Battle of Dybbøl: A Prussian-Austrian army defeats Denmark and gains control of Schleswig. Denmark surrenders the province in the following peace settlement.
  • 1865 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is shot in Ford’s Theatre by John Wilkes Booth.
  • 1865 – U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.
  • 1881 – The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupted in El Paso, U.S..
  • 1890 – The Pan-American Union is founded by the First International Conference of American States in Washington.
  • 1894 – Thomas Edison demonstrates the kinetoscope, a device for peep-show viewing using photographs that flip in sequence, a precursor to movies.
  • 1915 – The Turks invade Armenia.
  • 1927 – The first Volvo car premieres, in Gothenburg, Sweden.
  • 1931 – Spanish Cortes deposes King Alfonso XIII and proclaims the 2nd Spanish Republic.
  • 1935 – “Black Sunday”, the worst dust storm of the U.S. Dust Bowl.
  • 1935 – Babe Ruth plays his first National League game in Fenway Park in Boston, U.S..
  • 1940 – World War II: Royal Marines land in Namsos, Norway, occupying key points, preparatory to a larger force arriving two days later.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Ustashe, a Croatian far-right organization that pursued Nazi and fascist policies, is put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers after the April 6 invasion of Yugoslavia during Operation 25.
  • 1944 – A massive explosion rocks the Bombay harbor killing 300 and causing a loss of 20 million pounds at that time.
  • 1945 – Osijek, Croatia, is liberated from fascistic occupation.
  • 1956 – Videotape is first demonstrated at the 1956 NARTB (now NAB) convention in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1958 – The Soviet satellite Sputnik 2 falls from orbit after a mission duration of 162 days.
  • 1962 – Georges Pompidou becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1964 – A Delta rocket’s third-stage motor prematurely ignites in an assembly room at Cape Canaveral, killing 3.
  • 1968 – At the U.S. Academy Awards, a tie between Katharine Hepburn and Barbra Streisand results in the two sharing the Best Actress Oscar..
  • 1978 – 1978 Tbilisi Demonstrations: thousands of Georgians demonstrate against the attempt by the Soviet authorities to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language.
  • 1981 – The first operational space shuttle, U.S. Columbia, lands at Edwards Air Force Base, California after its first test flight.
  • 1986 – In retaliation for the April 5 bombing of the La Belle Discotheque in West Berlin in which two U.S. servicemen were killed, Ronald Reagan orders major bombing raids against Tripoli and Benghazi, in Libya, which kills 60 people.
  • 1986 – 2.2 pound (1 kg) hailstones fall on the Gopalganj district of Bangladesh, killing 92. These are the heaviest hailstones ever recorded.
  • 1988 – USS Samuel B. Roberts strikes a mine in the Persian Gulf during Operation Earnest Will.
  • 1988 – In a United Nations ceremony in Geneva, Switzerland, the Soviet Union signs an agreement pledging to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan.
  • 1994 – In a U.S. friendly fire incident during Operation Provide Comfort in northern Iraq, two United States Air Force aircraft mistakenly shoot-down two United States Army helicopters, killing 26 people.
  • 1999 – A severe hailstorm strikes Sydney, Australia causing A$1.7 billion in insured damages, the most costly natural disaster in Australian history.
  • 2000 – Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich filed a lawsuit against P2P sharing phenomenon Napster.  This law-suit eventually led the movement against file-sharing programs.
  • 2002 – Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by his country’s military.
  • 2003 – Human Genome Project successfully completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to 99.99% accuracy.
  • 2003 – U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the Achille Lauro in 1985.
  • 2005 – Oregon Supreme Court nullifies nearly 3,000 marriage licenses issued to gay couples a year earlier by Multnomah County.
  • 2007 – At least 200,000 demonstrators in Ankara, Turkey protest against the possible candidacy of incumbent Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

April 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1336 – Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (d. 1374)
  • 1572 – Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician (d. 1632)
  • 1578 – King Philip III of Spain (d. 1621)
  • 1629 – Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician (d. 1695)
  • 1668 – Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General (d. 1741)
  • 1714 – Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
  • 1738 – William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1809)
  • 1741 – Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)
  • 1773 – Jean-Baptiste Guillaume Joseph, comte de Villèle, French statesman (d. 1854)
  • 1788 – David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)
  • 1818 – Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, queen of Hanover (d. 1909)
  • 1827 – Augustus Pitt-Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)
  • 1857 – Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, Youngest daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, Prince Consort (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Anne Sullivan, Helen Keller’s teacher (d. 1936)
  • 1868 – Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)
  • 1870 – Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)
  • 1870 – Syd Gregory, Australian cricketer (d. 1929)
  • 1872 – Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Islamic scholar (d. 1953)
  • 1886 – Ernst Robert Curtius, Alsatian philologist (d. 1956)
  • 1891 – B. R. Ambedkar, Indian jurist (d.1956)
  • 1892 – Vere Gordon Childe, Australian philologist (d. 1957)
  • 1897 – Claire Windsor, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Ukrainian rabbi (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Sylvio Mantha, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Sir John Gielgud, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1905 – Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (d. 1999)
  • 1907 – François Duvalier, Haitian politician (d. 1971)
  • 1917 – Marvin Miller, American labor activist
  • 1917 – Valerie Hobson, British actress (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Thomas Schelling, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1923 – Roberto De Vicenzo, Argentine golf player
  • 1924 – Shorty Rogers, American jazz musician (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Gene Ammons, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1974)
  • 1925 – Abel Muzorewa, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
  • 1925 – Rod Steiger, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1926 – Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director and teacher (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Liz Renay, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Alan MacDiarmid, New Zealand chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Dany Robin, French actress (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Gerry Anderson, English television producer
  • 1930 – Bradford Dillman, American actor
  • 1931 – Paul Masnick, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1932 – Bob Grant, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Loretta Lynn, American singer/songwriter
  • 1935 – Erich von Däniken, Swiss writer
  • 1936 – Kenneth Mars, American actor
  • 1936 – Frank Serpico, American policeman
  • 1936 – Bobby Nichols, American professional golfer
  • 1941 – Julie Christie, British actress
  • 1941 – Pete Rose, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Valentin Lebedev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1942 – Björn Rosengren, Swedish politician
  • 1945 – Ritchie Blackmore, English guitarist
  • 1945 – Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa
  • 1948 – Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1949 – DeAnne Julius, American/English economist
  • 1949 – John Shea, American actor
  • 1951 – Julian Lloyd Webber, English cellist
  • 1952 – Mickey O’Sullivan, Irish sportsman
  • 1953 – David Buss, Evolutionary psychologist
  • 1954 – Bruce Sterling, American science fiction author
  • 1957 – Lothaire Bluteau, Canadian actor
  • 1957 – Richard Jeni, American comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1957 – Mikhail Pletnev, Russian pianist, conductor and composer
  • 1958 – John D’Aquino, American actor
  • 1960 – Brad Garrett, American actor
  • 1961 – Robert Carlyle, British actor
  • 1964 – Brian Adams, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1964 – Greg Battle, Canadian Football League player
  • 1966 – David Justice, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Greg Maddux, American baseball player
  • 1966 – André Boisclair, Quebec politician (Parti Québécois)
  • 1967 – Nicola Berti, Italian International footballer
  • 1967 – Alain Côté, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Anthony Michael Hall, American actor
  • 1969 – Brad Ausmus, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Vebjørn Selbekk, Norwegian journalist
  • 1969 – Martyn LeNoble, Dutch musician
  • 1969 – Mark Macon, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Shizuka Kudo, Japanese singer
  • 1970 – Emre Altug, Turkish singer
  • 1971 – Peter Gibson, American writer
  • 1971 – Gregg Zaun, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Paul Devlin, England-born Scottish footballer
  • 1972 – Roberto Mejia, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Roberto Ayala, Argentine footballer
  • 1973 – Adrien Brody, American actor
  • 1973 – David Miller, American tenor (Il Divo)
  • 1974 – Shawntae Harris (aka Da Brat), American rapper
  • 1975 – Amy Dumas, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Veronika Zemanová, Czech model
  • 1975 – Avner Dorman, Israeli composer
  • 1976 – Anna DeForge, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Jason Wiemer, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Kyle Farnsworth, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Sarah Michelle Gellar, American actress
  • 1979 – Rebecca DiPietro, American model
  • 1979 – Randal McCloy Jr., sole survivor of the Sago Mine Disaster
  • 1979 – Noé Pamarot, French footballer
  • 1980 – Ben Wells, American actor
  • 1980 – Win Butler, American/Canadian musician (Arcade Fire)
  • 1983 – James McFadden, Scottish footballer
  • 1983 – William Yaw Obeng, Arena Football League lineman
  • 1983 – Nikoloz Tskitishvili, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Adán Sánchez, Mexican-American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1986 – Matt Derbyshire, English footballer
  • 1986 – Anne Watanabe, Japanese model
  • 1987 – Sean O’Brien, American football player, (also does oreo commercials)
  • 1992 – Jesica Barker, English Genius
  • 1993 – Vivien Cardone, an American actress
  • 1993 – Graham Phillips (actor), American actor
  • 1996 – Abigail Breslin, American child actress

April 14 – Deaths:

  • 1132 – Mstislav of Kiev (b. 1076)
  • 1279 – Boleslaus of Greater Poland
  • 1322 – Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, English soldier (b. 1275)
  • 1345 – Richard Aungerville, English bishop and writer (b. 1287)
  • 1471 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, English kingmaker (b. 1428)
  • 1574 – Louis of Nassau, Dutch general (killed in battle) (b. 1538)
  • 1578 – James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
  • 1599 – Henry Wallop, English statesman
  • 1662 – William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (b. 1582)
  • 1682 – Avvakum, Russian priest and writer (b. 1621)
  • 1716 – Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, British admiral
  • 1721 – Michel Chamillart, French statesman (b. 1652)
  • 1759 – George Frideric Handel, German composer (b. 1685)
  • 1785 – William Whitehead, English writer (b. 1715)
  • 1792 – Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
  • 1910 – Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (b. 1856)
  • 1911 – Addie Joss, American baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 1911 – Henri Elzéar Taschereau, French Canadian jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1836)
  • 1912 – Henri Brisson, French statesman (b. 1835)
  • 1914 – Hubert Bland, English co-founder of the Fabian Society (b. 1855)
  • 1917 – Ludovich Lazarus Zamenhof, Polish creator of Esperanto (b. 1859)
  • 1925 – John Singer Sargent, English artist (b. 1856)
  • 1930 – Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian writer (b. 1893)
  • 1935 – Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)
  • 1941 – Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (b. 1871)
  • 1950 – Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (b. 1879)
  • 1964 – Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (b. 1876)
  • 1964 – Rachel Carson, American environmentalist (b. 1907)
  • 1968 – Al Benton, American baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 1975 – Fredric March, American actor (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – José Revueltas, Mexican writer (b. 1914)
  • 1983 – Pete Farndon, English bassist (The Pretenders) (b. 1952)
  • 1984 – Dionisis Papagiannopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1912)
  • 1985 – Noele Gordon, English actress (b. 1919)
  • 1986 – Simone de Beauvoir, French feminist writer (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (b. 1897)
  • 1995 – Burl Ives, American singer and actor (b. 1909)
  • 1999 – Ellen Corby, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Anthony Newley, British actor and singer (b. 1931)
  • 2000 – Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Phil Katz, American computer programmer (b. 1962)
  • 2000 – Wilf Mannion, English footballer (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Mahmut Bakalli, Kosovo politician (b. 1936)
  • 2007 – June Callwood, Canadian journalist, author and social activist (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Don Ho, American musician (b. 1930)

April 14 – Holidays:

  • Astrological New Year – celebrated as new year in South and South East Asia. Namely by Bengalis, Burmese, Cambodians, Laotians, Malayalees, Punjabis, Sinhalese, Tamils and Thais.
  • N’Ko Alphabet Day – the anniversary of the day the N’Ko alphabet was completed in 1949.
  • Black Day – Informal celebration day for single people in South Korea.
  • Youth Day in Angola.
  • Mologa Day in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia
  • Day of the Georgian language in Georgia
  • Ambedkar Jayanti in India

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On This Day in History April 13

April 13 – Events:

  • 1111 – Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1180 – Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter.
  • 1204 – The Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople.
  • 1250 – The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured.
  • 1256 – The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
  • 1598 – Henry IV of France issues the Edict of Nantes, allowing freedom of religion to the Huguenots.
  • 1742 – George Frideric Handel’s oratorio Messiah makes its world-premiere in Dublin, Ireland.
  • 1829 – The British Parliament grants freedom of religion to Roman Catholics.
  • 1849 – Hungary becomes a republic.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederate forces.
  • 1868 – Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala.
  • 1873 – Colfax Massacre.
  • 1883 – Alferd Packer is convicted of murder.
  • 1902 – James C. Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
  • 1919 – The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • 1919 – Amritsar massacre: British troops massacre at least 379 unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, India.
  • 1921 – Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers’ Party.
  • 1939 – In India, the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
  • 1941 – Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1943 – World War II: The discovery of a mass grave of Polish prisoners of war executed by Soviet forces in the Katyn Forest Massacre was announced, alienating the Western Allies, the Polish government-in-exile in London, from the Soviet Union.
  • 1943 – James Boarman, Fred Hunter, Harold Brest and Floyd G. Hamilton take part in an Alcatraz escape attempt.
  • 1943 – The Jefferson Memorial is dedicated in Washington, DC, on the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson’s birth.
  • 1944 – The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1945 – German troops massacre more than 1,000 political and military prisoners in Gardelegen Germany.
  • 1969 – Closure of the Brisbane tramway network.
  • 1970 – An oxygen tank aboard Apollo 13 explodes, putting the crew into deadly peril.
  • 1972 – The Universal Postal Union decides to recognize the People’s Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative, effectively expelling the Republic of China administering Taiwan.
  • 1974 – Western Union (in cooperation with NASA and Hughes Aircraft) launches the USA’s first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Westar 1.
  • 1975 – Bus Massacre in Lebanon : Attack by Phalangist militia gunmen kills 27 Palestinian civilians and marks the start of the 15-year Lebanese civil war.
  • 1983 – Harold Washington is elected as the first African-American mayor in Chicago’s history.
  • 1984 – India moves into Siachen Glacier thus annexed more territory from the Line of Control.
  • 1985 – Enver Hoxha is succeeded by Ramiz Alia as the leader of Albania.
  • 1987 – Portugal and the People’s Republic of China sign an agreement in which Macau would be returned to the latter in 1999.
  • 1992 – Neil Kinnock resigns as British Labour leader following the party’s defeat by the Conservatives in the general election four days earlier.
  • 1997 – Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win golf’s Masters Tournament.

April 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1506 – Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (d. 1546)
  • 1519 – Catherine de’ Medici, wife of Henry II of France (d. 1589)
  • 1547 – Elisabeth of Valois, third wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1568)
  • 1570 – Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator (d. 1606)
  • 1573 – Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1625)
  • 1584 – Albert VI of Bavaria (d. 1666)
  • 1593 – Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, English statesman (d. 1641)
  • 1618 – Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1648 – Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon, French mystic (d. 1717)
  • 1715 – John Hanson, President of the United States in Congress Assembled (d. 1783)
  • 1729 – Thomas Percy, Bishop and magazine editor (d. 1811)
  • 1732 – Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1792)
  • 1735 – Isaac Low, delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1791)
  • 1743 – Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 1747 – Louis Philip II, Duke of Orléans (d. 1793)
  • 1764 – Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (d. 1830)
  • 1769 – Thomas Lawrence, English painter (d. 1830)
  • 1771 – Richard Trevithick, English engineer and inventor (d. 1833)
  • 1780 – Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (d. 1868)
  • 1784 – Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (d. 1877)
  • 1787 – John Robertson, U.S. politician (d. 1873)
  • 1802 – Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (d. 1884)
  • 1808 – Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (d. 1896)
  • 1825 – Thomas D’Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1868)
  • 1828 – Joseph Barber Lightfoot, English theologian and Bishop (d. 1889)
  • 1832 – Juan Montalvo, Ecuadoran author (d. 1889)
  • 1841 – Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (d. 1905)
  • 1850 – Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)
  • 1851 – Robert Abbe, American surgeon (d. 1928)
  • 1852 – F.W. Woolworth, American businessman (d. 1919)
  • 1860 – James Ensor, Belgian painter (d. 1949)
  • 1866 – Butch Cassidy, American outlaw (d. 1908)
  • 1872 – Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer (d. 1945)
  • 1873 – John W. Davis, American politician (d. 1955)
  • 1875 – Ray Lyman Wilbur, U.S. university president and politician (d. 1949)
  • 1879 – Edward Bruce, Director art projects (d. 1943)
  • 1880 – Charles Christie, Canadian film studio owner (d. 1955)
  • 1885 – Georg Lukács, Hungarian-born philosopher and literary critic (d. 1971)
  • 1885 – Vean Gregg, American baseball player (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)
  • 1889 – Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)
  • 1890 – Frank Murphy, American public servant (d. 1949)
  • 1891 – Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian winner of the Victoria Cross (d. 1921)
  • 1891 – Nella Larsen, African-American novelist (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Arthur Travers ‘Bomber’ Harris, British Air Force commander (d. 1984)
  • 1892 – Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt, Scottish inventor (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Arthur Fadden, thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)
  • 1899 – Alfred Mosher Butts, American architect and Scrabble inventor (d. 1993)
  • 1900 – Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)
  • 1901 – Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Philippe de Rothschild, French race car driver and wine grower (d. 1988)
  • 1904 – Sir David Robinson, British philanthropist and entrepreneur (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Samuel Beckett, Irish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Bud Freeman, American musician (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Harold Stassen, American Presidential candidate (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – Stanislaw Marcin Ulam, Polish mathematician (d. 1984)
  • 1909 – Eudora Welty, American writer (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Ico Hitrec, Croatian footballer (d. 1946)
  • 1911 – Jean-Louis Lévesque, Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Phyllis Fraser Cerf Wagner, American actress, journalist, and publisher (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Robert O. Anderson, American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Roland Gaucher, French journalist
  • 1919 – Howard Keel, American actor, singer, and president of the Screen Actors Guild (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Madalyn Murray O’Hair, American atheist activist (d. 1995)
  • 1919 – Phil Tonken, American radio and television announcer (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)
  • 1920 – Claude Cheysson, French politician
  • 1920 – Liam Cosgrave, fifth Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland
  • 1920 – John LaPorta, American musician (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – John Braine, British novelist (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Jack Chick, American evangelist
  • 1924 – Stanley Donen, American film director
  • 1926 – John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough
  • 1926 – Ellie Lambeti, Greek actress (d. 1983)
  • 1927 – Maurice Ronet, French film actor (d. 1983)
  • 1928 – Alan Clark, English politician (d. 1999)
  • 1931 – Robert Enrico, French film director and screenwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Dan Gurney, American race car driver and team owner
  • 1931 – Jon Stone, co-creator of Sesame Street (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Orlando Letelier, Chilean politician (d. 1976)
  • 1933 – Ben Nighthorse Campbell, U.S. politician
  • 1935 – Lyle Waggoner, American actor
  • 1937 – Edward Fox, English actor
  • 1937 – Lanford Wilson, American playwright
  • 1939 – Seamus Heaney, Irish writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Paul Sorvino, American actor
  • 1940 – Mike Beuttler, British racing driver (d. 1988)
  • 1940 – Jim McNab, Scottish footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Bill Conti, American composer
  • 1943 – Billy Kidd, American skier
  • 1944 – Jack Casady, American musician
  • 1944 – Susan Davis, American politician
  • 1944 – Brian Pendleton, musician (d. 2001)
  • 1945 – Tony Dow, American actor
  • 1945 – Lowell George, American singer/guitarist (d. 1979)
  • 1945 – Bob Kalsu, American football player (d. 1970)
  • 1945 – Judy Nunn, Australian actress
  • 1945 – Charles Robinson, American actor
  • 1946 – Al Green, American singer and pastor
  • 1947 – Thanos Mikroutsikos, Greek composer & former minister
  • 1948 – Sue Doughty, British politician
  • 1948 – Nam Hae-il, Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy
  • 1949 – Frank Doran, Scottish politician
  • 1949 – Christopher Hitchens, English-born journalist, critic, and author
  • 1949 – Ricardo Zuniño, Argentine racing driver
  • 1950 – Terry Lester, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1950 – Ron Perlman, American actor
  • 1950 – William Sadler, American actor
  • 1951 – Peabo Bryson, American singer
  • 1951 – Peter Davison, English actor
  • 1951 – Joachim Streich, East German footballer
  • 1951 – Max Weinberg, American drummer
  • 1952 – Ron Dittemore, American space administrator
  • 1952 – David Drew, British politician
  • 1952 – Erick Avari, British-Indian actor
  • 1953 – Stephen Byers, British politician
  • 1954 – Niels Olsen, Danish singer
  • 1955 – Ole von Beust, Mayor of Hamburg
  • 1955 – Lupe Pintor, Mexican boxer
  • 1956 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand rally driver (d. 2003)
  • 1957 – Saundra Santiago, American actress
  • 1957 – Dallas Moir, Scottish cricketer
  • 1960 – Rudi Völler, German football coach
  • 1960 – Olaf Ludwig, German cyclist
  • 1961 – Hiro Yamamoto, American rock bassist
  • 1962 – Dave Miley, former baseball player and manager
  • 1962 – Hillel Slovak, Israeli-born guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1962 – Jennifer Rubin, American actress
  • 1963 – Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player
  • 1964 – Caroline Rhea, Canadian actress
  • 1965 – Patricio Pouchulu, Argentinean architect
  • 1966 – Ali Boumnijel, Tunisian football player
  • 1966 – Marc Ford, American musician
  • 1967 – Olga Tañón, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1970 – Monty Brown, American professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Gerry Creaney, Scottish footballer
  • 1970 – Rick Schroder, American actor
  • 1970 – Szilveszter Csollány, Hungarian gymnast, Olympic gold medalist
  • 1970 – Ricardo Rincon, Mexican baseball player
  • 1971 – Dina Korzun, Russian actress
  • 1971 – Bo Outlaw, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Valensia, Dutch singer
  • 1972 – Mariusz Czerkawski, Polish ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Aaron Lewis, American singer (Staind)
  • 1974 – Darren Turner , British Race Driver
  • 1974 – Sergei Gonchar, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – David Zdrilic, Australian soccer player
  • 1975 – Lou Bega, German-born musician and artist
  • 1975 – Bruce Dyer, English footballer
  • 1976 – Jonathan Brandis, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1976 – Patrik Eliáš, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Yu Ji-tae, South Korean actor
  • 1978 – Arron Asham, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Kyle Howard, American actor
  • 1978 – Carles Puyol, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Chris Sligh, American Idol finalist
  • 1979 – Baron Davis, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Meghann Shaughnessy, American tennis player
  • 1980 – Jana Cova, Czech pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Quentin Richardson, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Colleen Clinkenbeard, American voice actress
  • 1981 – Courtney Peldon, American actress
  • 1981 – Nat Borchers, American soccer player
  • 1982 – Nellie McKay, American singer
  • 1982 – Janice Vidal, Hong Kong singer
  • 1982 – Jill Vidal, Hong Kong singer
  • 1983 – Schalk Burger, South African rugby player
  • 1984 – Hiro Mizushima, Japanese actor
  • 1987 – Brandon Hardesty, American internet entertainer
  • 1988 – Anderson Luís de Abreu Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1992 – Emma Degerstedt, American actress

April 13 – Deaths:

  • 799 – Paul the Deacon, Italian monk and chronicler
  • 814 – Krum, Khan of Bulgaria
  • 1093 – Prince Vsevolod I of Kiev (b. 1030)
  • 1279 – Boleslaus the Pious, Polish duke
  • 1605 – Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia
  • 1612 – Sasaki Kojiro, Japanese samurai (killed by Musashi Miyamoto)
  • 1635 – Fahkr-al-Din II, Druze Prince of Lebanon (executed)
  • 1638 – Henri, duc de Rohan, French Huguenot leader (b. 1579)
  • 1641 – Richard Montagu, English clergyman (b. 1577)
  • 1695 – Jean de la Fontaine, French author (b. 1621)
  • 1722 – Charles Leslie, Irish Anglican theologian (b. 1650)
  • 1793 – Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary (b. 1763)
  • 1794 – Nicolas Chamfort, French writer (b. 1741)
  • 1826 – Franz Danzi, German composer (b. 1763)
  • 1853 – Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (b. 1788)
  • 1853 – James Iredell, Jr., Governor of North Carolina (b. 1788)
  • 1855 – Henry De la Beche, English geologist (b. 1796)
  • 1868 – Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1818)
  • 1880 – Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)
  • 1882 – Bruno Bauer, German theologian (b. 1809)
  • 1890 – Samuel J. Randall, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1828)
  • 1909 – Whitley Stokes, British lawyer (b. 1830)
  • 1910 – William Quiller Orchardson, British painter (b. 1835)
  • 1911 – George Washington Glick, Governor of Kansas (b. 1827)
  • 1911 – John McLane, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1852)
  • 1912 – Ishikawa Takuboku, Japanese author (b. 1886)
  • 1918 – Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian general (b. 1870)
  • 1936 – Milton Brown, American swing bandleader (b. 1903)
  • 1938 – Grey Owl, proponent of nature conservation (b. 1888)
  • 1941 – Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (b. 1863)
  • 1944 – Cécile Chaminade, French composer and pianist (b. 1857)
  • 1945 – Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (b. 1874)
  • 1954 – Angus Lewis Macdonald, Premier of Nova Scotia (b. 1890)
  • 1959 – Eduard van Beinum, Dutch conductor (b. 1901)
  • 1962 – Culbert Olson, Governor of California (b. 1876)
  • 1966 – Abdul Salam Arif, President of Iraq (b. 1921)
  • 1966 – Georges Duhamel, French writer (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – Michel Brière, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1949)
  • 1971 – Juhan Smuul, Estonian author (b. 1921)
  • 1975 – Larry Parks, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1975 – François (Ngarta) Tombalbaye, first President of Chad (b. 1918)
  • 1978 – Jack Chambers, Canadian artist and film maker (b. 1931)
  • 1980 – Markus Höttinger, Austrian racing driver (b. 1956)
  • 1981 – Prince Asaka Yasuhiko of Japan (b. 1887)
  • 1983 – Theodore Stephanides, Greek poet, author, doctor and naturalist (b. 1896)
  • 1984 – Richard Hurndall. British actor (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Ralph Kirkpatrick, American musician (b. 1911)
  • 1984 – Dionyssis Papayannopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1912)
  • 1986 – Stephen Stucker. American actor (b. 1947)
  • 1993 – Wallace Stegner, American writer (car accident) (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Dorothy Frooks, American author, publisher, military figure, and actress (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – Voldemar Väli, Estonian wrestler, Olympic medalist (b. 1903)
  • 1998 – Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfing pioneer (b. 1960)
  • 1999 – Ortvin Sarapu, New Zealand chess player “Mr NZ Chess” (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Willi Stoph, German politician (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Robert Moon, Postal Inspector and “Father” of the ZIP Code (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racecar driver (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Lou Berberet, baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Caron Keating, British television presenter (b. 1962)
  • 2005 – Don Blasingame, baseball player (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Johnny Loughrey, Irish singer (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Bill Baker, baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Don Selwyn, Maori actor and film director (b. circa 1936)

April 13 – Holidays:

  • First day of Thai New Year.
  • First day of Cambodian New Year.
  • First day of Sinhala/Hindu new year in Sri Lanka
  • Liturgical feasts:

o   The Feast Day of St. Martin the Confessor in the Greek Orthodox Church.

o   In the Catholic Church:

  • Saint Martinus I
  • Saint Hermenegild
  • Caradoc
  • Carpus
  • Maximus
  • Blessed Ida of Boulogne

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On This Day in History April 12

April 12 – Events:

  • 467 – Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 1606 – The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of Great Britain.
  • 1633 – The formal inquest of Galileo Galilei by the Inquisition begins.
  • 1776 – North Carolina’s Provincial Congress authorized its delegates to the Second Continental Congress to vote for independence by issuing the Halifax Resolves.
  • 1820 – Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The war begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Mobile, Alabama, falls to the Union Army.
  • 1877 – The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
  • 1917 – World War I: Canadian forces successfully complete the taking of Vimy Ridge from the Germans. It is also considered a major event in Canadian history for the primary role Canadian forces played in the attack.
  • 1927 – April 12 Incident: Chiang Kai-shek orders the CPC members executed in Shanghai, ending the First United Front (China).
  • 1934 – The strongest surface wind gust in the world, 231 mph, was measured by the staff of the Mount Washington Observatory on the summit of Mount Washington.
  • 1934 – The Auto-Lite Strike, which culminated in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers, began.
  • 1935 – First flight of the Bristol Blenheim.
  • 1937 – Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, at the British Thomson-Houston factory in Rugby, England.
  • 1945 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office; Vice President Harry S. Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President of the United States.
  • 1955 – The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
  • 1961 – Human spaceflight: Yuri Gagarin became the first human to travel into outer space in Vostok 3KA-2 (Vostok 1).
  • 1963 – The Soviet nuclear powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish straits. Although both vessels are severely damaged both can make it to port.
  • 1968 – Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah.
  • 1980 – Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d’etat, ending over 130 years of democratic presidential succession in that country.
  • 1980 – Terry Fox begins his “Marathon of Hope” by dipping his artificial leg into the Atlantic at St. John’s, Newfoundland.
  • 1981 – Human spaceflight: The first launch of a Space Shuttle: Columbia launches on the STS-1 mission.
  • 1990 – Opening of Jim Gary’s Twentieth Century Dinosaurs exhibition, the work of the only living sculptor ever invited to present a solo exhibition at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.
  • 1992 – Disneyland Resort Paris opens in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France, and is the second international Disney resort property.
  • 1994 – Canter & Siegel post the first commercial mass Usenet spam.
  • 1998 – An earthquake in Slovenia, measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale near the town of Bovec.
  • 1999 – American President Bill Clinton was cited for contempt of court for giving “intentionally false statements” in the Paula Jones sexual harassment civil lawsuit.
  • 2002 – Pedro Carmona becomes interim President of Venezuela during the Venezuelan coup attempt of 2002, a military coup against Hugo Chávez.
  • 2007 – The Kremlin vetos an investigation into the death of Yuri Gagarin, who was the first man in space.

April 12 – Birthdays:

  • 599 BC – Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism (d. 527 BC)
  • 812 – Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)
  • 1484 – Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (d. 1546)
  • 1500 – Joachim Camerarius, German classical scholar (d. 1574)
  • 1526 – Muretus, French humanist (d. 1585)
  • 1550 – Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English politician (d. 1604)
  • 1577 – Christian IV of Denmark (d. 1648)
  • 1705 – William Cookworthy, English chemist (d. 1780)
  • 1713 – Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (d. 1796)
  • 1722 – Pietro Nardini, Italian composer (d. 1793)
  • 1724 – Lyman Hall, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1790)
  • 1726 – Charles Burney, English music historian (d. 1814)
  • 1748 – Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)
  • 1777 – Henry Clay, American statesman (d. 1852)
  • 1794 – Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (d. 1847)
  • 1796 – George N. Briggs, 19th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1861)
  • 1799 – Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
  • 1823 – Alexandr Ostrovsky, Russian dramatist (d. 1886)
  • 1839 – Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (d. 1888)
  • 1848 – José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1880)
  • 1852 – Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (d. 1939)
  • 1856 – William Martin Conway, English art critic and mountaineer (d. 1937)
  • 1868 – Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese naval commander (d. 1918)
  • 1869 – Henri Désiré Landru, French serial killer (d. 1922)
  • 1871 – Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (d. 1941)
  • 1883 – Dally Messenger, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 1959)
  • 1884 – Otto Meyerhof, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1951)
  • 1884 – Frederick Charles Davies, ‘Tenby Davies’, Welsh half-mile world champion runner (d. 1932)
  • 1887 – Harold Lockwood, American silent film actor (d. 1918)
  • 1888 – Heinrich Neuhaus, Soviet pianist (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Johnny Dodds, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1940)
  • 1893 – Robert Harron, American actor (d. 1920)
  • 1894 – Francisco Craveiro Lopes, 13 President of Portugal (d. 1964)
  • 1898 – Lily Pons, American soprano (d. 1976)
  • 1901 – Lowell Stockman, American representative (d. 1962)
  • 1902 – Louis Beel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1903 – Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1907 – Felix de Weldon, Austrian-born sculptor (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Hardie Gramatky, American author and animator (d. 1979)
  • 1908 – Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American Air Force pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization Engineer (d. 1976)
  • 1912 – Walt Gorney, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, Second Vice President of Indonesia (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – Armen Alchian, American economist
  • 1916 – Beverly Cleary, American writer
  • 1916 – Benjamin Libet, American pioneering scientist (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Helen Forrest, American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Billy Vaughn, American musician and bandleader (d. 1991)
  • 1923 – Ann Miller, American actress and dancer (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Raymond Barre, French politician and Prime Minister (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Peter Safar, Austrian physician (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Hardy Krüger, German actor
  • 1928 – Jean-François Paillard, French conductor
  • 1930 – Manuel Neri, American sculptor, painter and printmaker
  • 1930 – Michal Zyczkowski, Polish technician (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Dennis Banks, American activist
  • 1932 – Lakshman Kadirgamar, Sri Lankan politician (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Tiny Tim, American musician (d. 1996)
  • 1933 – Montserrat Caballé, Spanish soprano
  • 1934 – Heinz Schneiter, Swiss footballer
  • 1939 – Alan Ayckbourn, English writer
  • 1939 – Johnny Raper, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1940 – Herbie Hancock, American pianist and composer
  • 1941 – Bobby Moore, English footballer (d. 1993)
  • 1942 – Carlos Reutemann, Argentine racing driver and politician
  • 1944 – John Kay, German-born musician (Steppenwolf)
  • 1945 – Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the WHO (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Ed O’Neill, American actor
  • 1947 – Tom Clancy, American author
  • 1947 – Woody Johnson, owner of the New York Jets
  • 1947 – David Letterman, American talk show host
  • 1948 – Jeremy Beadle, English television presenter (d. 2008)
  • 1948 – Joschka Fischer, Foreign Minister of Germany
  • 1948 – Sandra “Lois” Reeves, American singer (Martha & the Vandellas)
  • 1949 – Scott Turow, American writer
  • 1950 – Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman and F1 team principal (Renault F1)
  • 1950 – David Cassidy, American singer and actor
  • 1950 – Kari Palaste, Finnish architect
  • 1952 – Ralph Wiley, American sports journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1952 – Reuben Gant, American professional football player
  • 1954 – Pat Travers, Canadian musician
  • 1956 – Andy Garcia, Cuban-born actor
  • 1956 – Herbert Grönemeyer, German singer
  • 1957 – Vince Gill, American musician
  • 1958 – Will Sergeant, English musician (Echo & the Bunnymen)
  • 1958 – Howard Stableford, English actor, and host
  • 1960 – Ron MacLean, Canadian sportscaster
  • 1961 – Lisa Gerrard, Australian singer and musician (Dead Can Dance)
  • 1962 – Art Alexakis, American musician (Everclear)
  • 1962 – Takada Nobuhiko, Japanese wrestler
  • 1964 – Amy Ray, American musician (Indigo Girls)
  • 1965 – Tom O’Brien, American actor-producer
  • 1967 – Sarah Cracknell, English singer (Saint Etienne)
  • 1967 – Mellow Man Ace, Afro-Cuban rapper
  • 1969 – Lucas Radebe, South African footballer
  • 1970 – Nick Hexum, American musician (311)
  • 1971 – Nicholas Brendon, American actor
  • 1971 – Shannen Doherty, American actress
  • 1972 – Paul Lo Duca, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Dimitrios Kokotis, Greek high jumper
  • 1973 – J. Scott Campbell, American comic book artist
  • 1973 – Antonio Osuna, Mexican baseball player
  • 1973 – Claudia Jordan, American model
  • 1974 – Marley Shelton, American actress
  • 1974 – Sylvinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Belinda Emmett, Australian actress (d. 2006)
  • 1975 – Paul Murphy, American writer
  • 1976 – Brad Miller, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Giovanny Espinoza, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1977 – Glenn Rogers, Scottish Cricket Player
  • 1977 – Sarah Jane Morris, American actress
  • 1978 – Guy Berryman, British musician (Coldplay)
  • 1978 – Riley Smith, American actor
  • 1979 – Claire Danes, American actress
  • 1979 – Elena Grosheva, Olympic gymnast
  • 1979 – Mateja Kežman, Serbian footballer
  • 1979 – Jennifer Morrison, American actress and model
  • 1979 – Paul Nicholls, English actor
  • 1979 – Jordan De Jong, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Brian McFadden, Irish Singer
  • 1980 – Erik Mongrain, Canadian musician
  • 1981 – Nicolás Burdisso, Argentine footballer
  • 1981 – Brian Vandborg, Danish cyclist
  • 1982 – Deen, Bosnian singer
  • 1985 – Hitomi Yoshizawa, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1985 – Jeisa Chiminazzo, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1985 – Olga Seryabkina, Russian singer
  • 1986 – Blerim Džemaili, Swiss footballer
  • 1987 – Brendon Urie, American musician (Panic! at the Disco)
  • 1994 – Moises Arias, American actor
  • 1994 – Saoirse Ronan, Irish actress

April 12 – Deaths:

  • 45 BC – Gnaeus Pompeius, the Younger, Roman general
  • 65 – Seneca the Younger, Roman philosopher, statesman and dramatist
  • 238 – Gordian I, Roman Emperor (suicide)
  • 238 – Gordian II, heir to the Roman Empire (killed in battle)
  • 352 – St. Julius I, 35th Pope
  • 434 – Archbishop Maximianus of Constantinople
  • 1125 – Vladislaus I of Bohemia
  • 1443 – Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1550 – Claude, Duke of Guise, French soldier (b. 1496)
  • 1555 – Juana of Castile, wife of Philip I of Castile (b. 1479)
  • 1687 – Ambrose Dixon, Virginia Colony pioneer
  • 1704 – Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, French bishop and writer (b. 1627)
  • 1748 – William Kent, English architect
  • 1782 – Metastasio, Italian poet and librettist (b. 1698)
  • 1788 – Carlo Antonio Campioni, French-born composer (b. 1719)
  • 1795 – Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1814 – Charles Burney, English music historian (b. 1726)
  • 1850 – Adoniram Judson, American Baptist missionary (b. 1788)
  • 1872 – Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer (b. 1795)
  • 1878 – William Marcy Tweed, aka Boss Tweed, American politician (b. 1823)
  • 1898 – Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Roman catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1820)
  • 1902 – Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist (b. 1842)
  • 1912 – Clara Barton, American nurse and Red Cross advocate (b. 1821)
  • 1938 – Feodor Chaliapin, Russian bass (b. 1873)
  • 1945 – Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (b. 1882)
  • 1962 – Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, Indian politician and engineer (b. 1861)
  • 1968 – Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer and Volkswagen director (b. 1899)
  • 1971 – Igor Tamm, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1971 – Ed Lafitte, American baseball player (b. 1871)
  • 1971 – Wynton Kelly, American jazz pianist (b. 1931)
  • 1975 – Josephine Baker, American dancer (b. 1906)
  • 1977 – Phil Wrigley, American manufacturer and baseball executive (b. 1894)
  • 1980 – Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards and snooker player (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – William R. Tolbert, Jr., President of Liberia (b. 1913)
  • 1981 – Joe Louis, American boxer (b. 1914)
  • 1983 – Carl Morton, American baseball player (b. 1944)
  • 1986 – Valentin Kataev, Russian writer (b. 1897)
  • 1987 – Mike Von Erich, American wrestler
  • 1988 – Alan Paton, South African novelist (b. 1903)
  • 1989 – Gerald Flood, British actor (b. 1927)
  • 1989 – Abbie Hoffman, American radical leader (b. 1936)
  • 1989 – Sugar Ray Robinson, American boxer (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Dead, Swedish musician (Mayhem) (b. 1969)
  • 1999 – Boxcar Willie, American singer (b. 1931)
  • 2001 – Harvey Ball, American inventor of the Smiley (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Cecil H. Green, American manufacturer (b. 1900)
  • 2006 – Dr. Rajkumar, Kannada language film actor/singer (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Puggy Pearson, American professional poker player (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Kevin Crease, Australian TV anchor (b. 1936)

April 12 – Holidays:

  • The Roman holiday of Cerealia begins.
  • Yuri’s Night, an international celebration of the first human in space, Yuri Gagarin; in Russia (and formerly in USSR), the Cosmonautics Day.

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On This Day in History April 11

April 11 – Events:

  • 491 – Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I.
  • 1079 – Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed by order of Boleslaw II of Poland.
  • 1241 – Batu Khan defeats Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Muhi.
  • 1512 – War of the League of Cambrai: French forces led by Gaston de Foix was victorious in the Battle of Ravenna.
  • 1689 – William III and Mary II are crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.
  • 1713 – War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne’s War): Treaty of Utrecht.
  • 1775 – Last execution for witchcraft in Germany.
  • 1828 – Foundation of Bahia Blanca.
  • 1856 – In Rivas, Nicaragua, Juan Santamaria burns down the hostel where William Walker’s filibusters are holed up.
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln makes his last public speech.
  • 1868 – The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
  • 1876 – The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks is organized.
  • 1888 – The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated.
  • 1899 – Spain cedes Puerto Rico to the United States.
  • 1905 – Einstein reveals his Theory of Relativity (special relativity).
  • 1919 – International Labour Organization founded.
  • 1921 – First sports broadcast on the radio.
  • 1921 – The Emirate of Transjordan is created.
  • 1921 – Iowa becomes the first U.S. state to impose a cigarette tax.
  • 1945 – World War II: United States forces liberate Buchenwald concentration camp.
  • 1951 – Korean War: President Harry S. Truman relieves General Douglas MacArthur of overall command in Korea.
  • 1951 – The Stone of Scone, the stone upon which Scottish monarchs were traditionally crowned, is found on the site of the altar of Arbroath Abbey. It had been taken by Scottish nationalist students from its traditional (to the British government) location in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1952 – The Battle of Nanri island takes place.
  • 1955 – The Air India Kashmir Princess downs in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.
  • 1957 – Britain agrees to Singaporean self-rule.
  • 1961 – Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem.
  • 1965 – The Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1965: Fifty-one tornadoes hit in six Midwestern states, killing 256 people.
  • 1968 – Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968.
  • 1968 – German student leader Rudi Dutschke is shot in Berlin.
  • 1970 – Apollo 13 is launched.
  • 1979 – Ugandan dictator Idi Amin is deposed.
  • 1981 – A massive riot in Brixton, South London, results in almost 300 police injuries and 65 serious civilian injuries.
  • 1981 – President Ronald Reagan returns to the White House from the hospital, 12 days after he was wounded in an assassination attempt.
  • 1987 – The London Agreement is secretly signed between Israeli Foreign Affairs Minister Shimon Peres and King Hussein of Jordan.
  • 1990 – Customs officers in Middlesbrough, United Kingdom, say they have seized what they believe to be the barrel of a massive gun on a ship bound for Iraq.
  • 2000 – AT&T Park in San Francisco, Minute Maid Park in Houston, and Comerica Park in Detroit open.
  • 2001 – The detained crew of a United States EP-3E aircraft that landed in Hainan, People’s Republic of China after a collision with an J-8 fighter is released.
  • 2002 – The Ghriba synagogue bombing by Al Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia.
  • 2002 – An attempted coup d’état in Venezuela against President Hugo Chávez began.
  • 2006 – Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has successfully enriched uranium.
  • 2007 – Two bombings in the Algerian capital of Algiers, kills 33 people and wounds a further 222 others.

April 11 – Birthdays:

  • 146 – Septimius Severus (d. 211)
  • 1357 – John I of Portugal (d. 1433)
  • 1374 – Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March (d. 1398)
  • 1492 – Marguerite of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre (d. 1549)
  • 1592 – John Eliot, English statesman (d. 1632)
  • 1721 – David Zeisberger, Moravian missionary (d. 1808)
  • 1722 – Christopher Smart, English poet (d. 1771)
  • 1755 – James Parkinson, English physician (d. 1824)
  • 1769 – Jean Lannes, French marshal (d. 1809)
  • 1770 – George Canning, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1827)
  • 1794 – Edward Everett, 15th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1865)
  • 1798 – Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (d. 1854)
  • 1810 – Henry Rawlinson, English scholar (d. 1895)
  • 1819 – Charles Hallé, German pianist and conductor (d. 1895)
  • 1825 – Ferdinand Lassalle, German politician (d. 1864)
  • 1852 – Cap Anson, American baseball player (d. 1922)
  • 1862 – Charles Evans Hughes, 11th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1948)
  • 1862 – William Wallace Campbell, American astronomer (d. 1938)
  • 1867 – Mark Keppel, Superintendent of Schools of Los Angeles County (d. 1928)
  • 1869 – Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1943)
  • 1873 – Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist (d. 1958)
  • 1889 – Nick LaRocca, American musician (d. 1961)
  • 1890 – Donna Rachele Mussolini, wife of Benito Mussolini (d. 1979)
  • 1893 – Dean Acheson, U.S. Secretary of State (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Léo-Paul Desrosiers, Quebec novelist (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – Percy Lavon Julian, American chemist (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Sandor Marai, Hungarian writer (d. 1989)
  • 1905 – József Attila, Hungarian poet (d. 1937)
  • 1906 – Dale Messick, American cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer, entrepreneur and inventor (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Jane Bolin, first African American female judge (d. 2007)
  • 1908 – Masaru Ibuka, Japanese industrialist (Sony) (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Dan Maskell, English tennis commentator (d. 1992)
  • 1908 – Leo Rosten, American humorist and author (d. 1997)
  • 1910 – António de Spínola, Portuguese general and politician, 15 President of Portugal (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Stanislawa Walasiewicz aka Stella Walsh, Polish-born runner (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Oleg Cassini, American fashion designer (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Norman McLaren, Canadian film animator and director (d. 1987)
  • 1914 – Robert Stanfield, Premier of Nova Scotia (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Alberto Ginastera, Argentine composer (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Howard W. Koch, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – Danny Gallivan, Canadian radio and television sportscaster (d. 1993)
  • 1917 – David Westheimer, American novelist (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Richard Wainwright, English politician (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Jim Hearn, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Pierre Péladeau, Canadian businessman and newspaper editor (Quebecor) (d. 1997)
  • 1928 – Ethel Kennedy, wife of Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1930 – Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Johnny Sheffield, American actor
  • 1931 – Koichi Sugiyama, Japanese composer
  • 1932 – Joel Grey, American singer and actor
  • 1933 – Tony Brown, American journalist
  • 1934 – Mark Strand, Canadian-born American poet
  • 1935 – Richard Berry, American singer and composer (d. 1997)
  • 1935 – Richard Kuklinski, American mafia hitman (d. 2006)
  • 1938 – Michael Deaver, Reagan Administration Deputy White House Chief of Staff (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Kurt Moll, German bass
  • 1939 – Louise Lasser, American actress
  • 1941 – Ellen Goodman, American political columnist
  • 1941 – Shirley Stelfox, English actress
  • 1944 – John Milius, American director and writer
  • 1946 – Bob Harris, British disc jockey and presenter
  • 1947 – Peter Riegert, American actor
  • 1947 – Meshach Taylor, American actor
  • 1948 – Marcello Lippi, Italian football coach
  • 1949 – Bernd Eichinger, German film producer
  • 1949 – Carl Franklin, American actor
  • 1951 – Doris McGowen Beck Angleton, American socialite (d. 1997)
  • 1951 – Paul Fox, English guitarist (The Ruts) (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – James Patrick Kelly, American author
  • 1952 – Peter Windsor, English motor racing journalist and F1 television reporter
  • 1953 – Andrew Wiles, British mathematician
  • 1953 – Guy Verhofstadt, Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1955 – Kevin Brady, American politician
  • 1955 – Michael Callen, American singer, songwriter and AIDS activist (d. 1993)
  • 1958 – Stuart Adamson, British musician (Big Country) (d. 2001)
  • 1958 – Brynn Hartman, American murderer (d. 1998)
  • 1960 – Jeremy Clarkson, British journalist
  • 1961 – Doug Hopkins, American musician
  • 1962 – Vincent Gallo, American actor
  • 1963 – Chris Ferguson, American poker player
  • 1963 – Billy Bowden, test cricket umpire from New Zealand
  • 1964 – Steve Azar, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Johann Sebastian Paetsch, American cellist
  • 1966 – Mason Reese, American actor
  • 1966 – Virgil Runnels III, American professional wrestler (Dustin Rhodes; Goldust; Black Reign)
  • 1966 – Lisa Stansfield, English singer
  • 1968 – Sergey Lukyanenko, Russian author
  • 1969 – Cerys Matthews, Welsh singer (Catatonia)
  • 1969 – Chisato Moritaka, Japanese singer
  • 1970 – Trevor Linden, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Johnny Messner, American actor
  • 1971 – Oliver Riedel, German musician (Rammstein)
  • 1972 – Jason Varitek, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Balls Mahoney, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Jennifer Esposito, American television actress
  • 1974 – Àlex Corretja, Spanish tennis player
  • 1974 – Ashot Danielyan, Armenian Olympic Weightlifter
  • 1974 – Anton Glanzelius, Danish actor
  • 1974 – Tricia Helfer, Canadian model and actress
  • 1974 – Zöe Lucker, British television actress
  • 1974 – Trot Nixon, Major League Baseball outfielder
  • 1975 – Walid Soliman, Tunisian author
  • 1978 – Brett Claywell, American actor
  • 1978 – Josh Hancock, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1979 – Malcolm Christie, English footballer
  • 1979 – Chris Gaylor, American drummer
  • 1979 – Michel Riesen, Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Josh Server, American actor
  • 1979 – Sebastien Grainger, Canadian musician
  • 1980 – Mark Teixeira, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Alessandra Ambrosio, Brazilian model
  • 1981 – Alexandre Burrows, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Ian Bell, English cricketer
  • 1982 – Thora Birch, American film actress
  • 1983 – Nicky Pastorelli, Dutch racing driver
  • 1984 – Kelli Garner, American actress
  • 1985 – Will Minson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1986 – Roman Heart, American porn actor
  • 1987 – Joss Stone, English singer
  • 1994 – Dakota Blue Richards, English child actress
  • 1994 – Peter Townsend, American child actor
  • 2002 – Alexa Gerasimovich, American child actress

April 11 – Deaths:

  • 1034 – Romanus III, Byzantine emperor (b. 1028)
  • 1240 – Llywelyn the Great, King of Gwynedd
  • 1554 – Thomas Wyatt the younger, English rebel (b. 1521)
  • 1612 – Emanuel van Meteren, Flemish historian (b. 1535)
  • 1612 – Edward Wightman, English Baptist preacher (b. 1566)
  • 1626 – Marino Ghetaldi, Croatian mathematician (b. 1568)
  • 1712 – Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (b. 1638)
  • 1723 – John Robinson, English diplomat (b. 1650)
  • 1798 – Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (b. 1725)
  • 1856 – Juan Santamaría, national hero of Costa Rica (b. 1831)
  • 1861 – Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet (b. 1824)
  • 1873 – Edward Canby, U.S. general (b. 1817)
  • 1890 – Joseph Merrick, “The Elephant Man” (b. 1862)
  • 1894 – Constantin Lipsius, German architect (b. 1832)
  • 1906 – James Anthony Bailey, American circus impresario (b. 1847)
  • 1906 – Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (b. 1839)
  • 1908 – Henry Bird, English Chess player and author (b. 1829)
  • 1916 – Richard Harding Davis, American author (b. 1864)
  • 1926 – Luther Burbank, American botanist (b. 1849)
  • 1947 – Louise Peete, American murderess (b. 1880)
  • 1953 – Kid Nichols, American baseball player (b. 1869)
  • 1958 – Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (b. 1875)
  • 1967 – Donald Sangster, Jamaican prime-minister (b. 1911)
  • 1970 – Cathy O’Donnell, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1970 – John O’Hara, American author (b. 1905)
  • 1977 – Jacques Prévert, French poet and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Dolores del Rio, Mexican actress (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Enver Hoxha, Albanian Communist dictator (b. 1908)
  • 1985 – Bunny Ahearne, British ice hockey promoter (b. 1900)
  • 1987 – Erskine Caldwell, American author (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – Primo Levi, Italian chemist and author (b. 1919)
  • 1990 – Harold Ballard, Canadian ice hockey club owner and executive (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Walker Cooper, American baseball player (b. 1915)
  • 1992 – Alejandro Obregón, Colombian painter (b. 1920)
  • 1992 – Eve Merriam, American playwright, director, and poet (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Jessica Dubroff, American pilot (b. 1988)
  • 2000 – Diana Darvey, British actress, singer and dancer (b. 1945)
  • 2001 – Sandy Bull, American musician (b. 1941)
  • 2001 – Harry Secombe, Welsh actor and comedian (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Cecil Howard Green, British geophysicist and businessman (b. 1900)
  • 2005 – André François, French cartoonist (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Lucien Laurent, French footballer (b. 1907)
  • 2006 – June Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters) (b. 1953)
  • 2006 – Proof, American rapper (D12) (b. 1973)
  • 2007 – Roscoe Lee Browne, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Kurt Vonnegut, American author (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Ronald Speirs, American Army officer(CO of Easy Company) (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Janet McDonald, American novelist (b. 1954)

April 11 – Holidays:

  • Juan Santamaría Day, anniversary of his death in the Battle of Rivas (State holiday in Costa Rica).
  • The Feast Day of Saint Antipas of Pergamum in the Greek Orthodox Church.
  • In the Catholic church:

o   Saint Stanislaus of Szczepanów

o   Saint Gemma of Lucca

o   Saint Godeberta

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On This Day in History April 10

April 10 – Events:

  • 879 – Louis III becomes King of the Western Franks.
  • 1500 – Ludovico Sforza is captured by the Swiss troops at Novara and handed over to the French.
  • 1606 – The Charter of the Virginia Company of London was established by royal charter by James I of England with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America.
  • 1710 – The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain.
  • 1741 – War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.
  • 1790 – United States Patent system established.
  • 1815 – Mount Tambora eruption covers several islands with ash in Indonesia.
  • 1816 – The U.S. government approved the creation of a Second Bank of the United States.
  • 1821 – Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
  • 1826 – The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year’s siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
  • 1856 – Theta Chi Fraternity Founded at Norwich University.
  • 1857 – The Sepoy Mutiny popularly known as the “Revolt of 1857″ broke out in Meerut, India as part of the Indian independence movement.
  • 1864 – Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg is elected emperor of Mexico.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.
  • 1866 – The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
  • 1868 – At Arogee in Abyssinia, British and Indian forces defeat an army of Emperor Theodore.
  • 1869 – José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
  • 1874 – The first Arbor Day is celebrated in Nebraska, USA.
  • 1896 – Spiridon Louis wins the marathon of the first Olympic Games.
  • 1906 – The Four Million, O. Henry’s second short story collection, is published.
  • 1912 – The RMS Titanic leaves port in Southampton, England for her first and only voyage.
  • 1916 – The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.
  • 1919 – Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
  • 1925 – The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is first published in New York, New York by Charles Scribner’s Sons.
  • 1933 – New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps is created.
  • 1938 – Édouard Daladier becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Axis Powers in Europe establish the Independent State of Croatia from occupied Yugoslavia with Ante Pavelic’s Ustase fascist insurgents in power.
  • 1944 – Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from Birkenau death camp.
  • 1944 – Henry Ford II is named executive vice president of Ford Motor Company.
  • 1957 – The Suez Canal is reopened for all shipping after being closed for three months.
  • 1959 – Akihito, future Emperor of Japan, weds Michiko.
  • 1963 – The submarine USS Thresher is lost at sea, with all hands (129 officers, crewmen and civilian technicians).
  • 1968 – Shipwreck of the Wahine outside Wellington harbor.
  • 1971 – Ping Pong Diplomacy: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the
  • People’s Republic of China hosts the U.S. table tennis team for a weeklong visit.
  • 1972 – 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: For the first time since November 1967 American B-52 bombers begin bombing North Vietnam.
  • 1973 – A British Vanguard turboprop crashes during a snowstorm at Basel, Switzerland killing 104.
  • 1978 – Volkswagen becomes the first non-American automobile manufacturer to build cars in the United States, opening a plant in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.
  • 1979 – On “Terrible Tuesday,” a tornado lands in Wichita Falls, Texas killing 42 people.
  • 1991 – Italian ferry Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140.
  • 1991 – A rare tropical storm develops in the Southern Hemisphere near Angola; the first to be documented by satellites.
  • 1998 – The Belfast Agreement is signed.

April 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1389 – Cosimo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1464)
  • 1583 – Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (d. 1645)
  • 1651 – Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (d. 1708)
  • 1656 – René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France (d. 1718)
  • 1704 – Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1713 – John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (d. 1788)
  • 1735 – Button Gwinnett, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1777)
  • 1755 – Samuel Hahnemann, German physician (d. 1843)
  • 1762 – Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)
  • 1778 – William Hazlitt, English writer (d. 1830)
  • 1794 – Matthew Perry, American commodore (d. 1858)
  • 1829 – William Booth, English founder of the Salvation Army (d. 1912)
  • 1837 – Forceythe Willson, American poet (d. 1867)
  • 1847 – Joseph Pulitzer, American journalist and publisher (d. 1911)
  • 1864 – Eugen d’Albert, German composer (d. 1932)
  • 1867 – George William Russell, Irish nationalist (d. 1935)
  • 1868 – George Arliss, English actor (d. 1946)
  • 1880 – Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
  • 1880 – Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)
  • 1882 – Frances Perkins, American politician (d. 1965)
  • 1887 – Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1894 – Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – Martin Denny, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Stefan Heym, German author (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Harry Morgan, American actor
  • 1917 – Robert Burns Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1918 – Lee Bergere, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Chuck Connors, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Sheb Wooley, American actor and singer (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Roger Gaillard, Haitian historian and novelist (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Kenneth Noland, American painter
  • 1926 – Junior Samples, American musician (d. 1983)
  • 1927 – Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1959)
  • 1929 – Max von Sydow, Swedish actor
  • 1930 – Claude Bolling, French jazz composer/pianist
  • 1930 – Norma Candal, Puerto Rican actress/comedian (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Spede Pasanen, Finnish comedian (d. 2001)
  • 1932 – Omar Sharif, Egyptian actor
  • 1934 – David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist
  • 1936 – John Madden, American football coach and broadcaster
  • 1937 – Bella Akhmadulina, Russian poet
  • 1938 – Don Meredith, American football player and broadcaster
  • 1941 – Paul Theroux, American author
  • 1942 – Ian Callaghan, English footballer
  • 1943 – Andrzej Badenski, Polish athlete
  • 1946 – David Angell, American television producer (d. 2001)
  • 1947 – Bunny Wailer, Jamaican musician
  • 1948 – Jaya Bachchan, Indian Actress
  • 1950 – Ken Griffey, Sr., American baseball player
  • 1950 – Eddie Hazel, American guitarist (P-Funk and The Temptations) (d. 1992)
  • 1950 – Akiko Wada, Japanese singer and television performer
  • 1951 – David Helvarg, American journalist and environmental activist
  • 1951 – Steven Seagal, American actor
  • 1954 – Peter MacNicol, American actor
  • 1955 – Lesley Garrett, British soprano
  • 1957 – John M. Ford, American science fiction author and poet (d. 2006)
  • 1957 – Steve Gustafson, American rock bassist (10,000 Maniacs)
  • 1958 – Bob Bell, British engineer
  • 1958 – Yefim Bronfman, Russian-born pianist
  • 1958 – Kenneth “Babyface” Edmonds, American music producer, musician, and film producer
  • 1959 – Yvan Loubier, Quebec politician
  • 1959 – Brian Setzer, American musician (Stray Cats)
  • 1960 – Steve Bisciotti, American owner of the Baltimore Ravens
  • 1960 – Katrina Leskanich, American singer (Katrina and the Waves)
  • 1962 – Steve Tasker, American football player
  • 1963 – Warren DeMartini, American rock guitarist (Ratt)
  • 1963 – Doris Leuthard, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1965 – Tim Alexander, American drummer (Primus)
  • 1967 – Donald Dufresne, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Orlando Jones, American actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Billy Jayne, American actor
  • 1969 – Ekaterini Koffa, Greek sprinter
  • 1970 – Matt Barlow, American former heavy metal singer (Iced Earth), now law enforcer
  • 1970 – Enrico Ciccone, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Leonard Dorin, Canadian boxer
  • 1970 – Kenny Lattimore, American singer
  • 1970 – Mike Mushok, American rock guitarist (Staind)
  • 1970 – Q-Tip, American rapper
  • 1971 – Al Reyes, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Guillaume Canet, French actor and film director
  • 1973 – Roberto Carlos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1973 – Aidan Moffat, Scottish singer and musician (Arab Strap)
  • 1973 – Christopher Simmons, American designer
  • 1974 – Petros Passalis, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – Chris Carrabba, American singer (Dashboard Confessional)
  • 1976 – Sara Renner, Canadian cross country skier
  • 1979 – Shemekia Copeland, American singer
  • 1979 – Rachel Corrie, American activist (d. 2003)
  • 1979 – Tsuyoshi Domoto, Japanese artist
  • 1979 – Sophie Ellis-Bextor, English singer
  • 1979 – Peter Kopteff, Finnish footballer
  • 1980 – Sean Avery, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Charlie Hunnam, British actor
  • 1980 – Kasey Kahne, American race-car driver
  • 1980 – Bryce Soderberg, American rock bassist (Lifehouse)
  • 1981 – Laura Bell Bundy, American actress
  • 1981 – Liz McClarnon, British singer
  • 1981 – Michael Pitt, American actor
  • 1981 – Alexei Semenov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Damián Lanza, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1982 – Chyler Leigh, American actress
  • 1982 – Andre Ethier, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Ryan Merriman, American actor
  • 1984 – Mandy Moore, American singer/actress
  • 1985 – Dion Phaneuf, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Vincent Kompany, Belgian footballer
  • 1987 – Hayley Westenra, New Zealand soprano
  • 1988 – Haley Joel Osment, American actor
  • 1991 – Amanda Michalka, American actress/singer
  • 2007 – Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Dutch Princess

April 10 – Deaths:

  • 879 – Louis the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (b. 846)
  • 948 – King Hugh of Italy
  • 1533 – King Frederick I of Denmark (b. 1471)
  • 1545 – Costanzo Festa, Italian composer
  • 1585 – Pope Gregory XIII (b. 1502)
  • 1599 – Gabrielle d’Estrée, mistress of King Henry IV of France (b. 1571)
  • 1601 – Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
  • 1619 – Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin (b. c1550)
  • 1640 – Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer (b. 1578)
  • 1646 – Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)
  • 1704 – William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
  • 1706 – Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
  • 1756 – Giacomo Antonio Perti, Italian composer (d. 1661)
  • 1760 – Jean Lebeuf, French historian (b. 1687)
  • 1786 – John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)
  • 1813 – Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician (b. 1736)
  • 1823 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)
  • 1862 – W.H.L. Wallace, American Union general (b. 1821)
  • 1882 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet and painter (b. 1828)
  • 1904 – Queen Isabella II of Spain (b. 1830)
  • 1909 – Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet and critic (b. 1837)
  • 1919 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1879)
  • 1920 – Moritz Cantor, German mathematician (b. 1829)
  • 1931 – Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • 1945 – Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • 1945 – H.N. Werkman, Dutch artist and printer (b. 1882)
  • 1954 – Auguste Lumière, French film pioneer (b. 1862)
  • 1954 – Oscar Mathisen, Norwegian speed skater (b. 1888)
  • 1955 – Teilhard de Chardin, French paleontologist and theologian (b. 1881)
  • 1958 – Chuck Willis, American singer and songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 1962 – Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (b. 1886)
  • 1962 – Stuart Sutcliffe, English musician (The Beatles) (b. 1940)
  • 1965 – Lloyd Casner, American race car driver and owner (b. 1928)
  • 1965 – Linda Darnell, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1966 – Evelyn Waugh, English writer (b. 1903)
  • 1968 – Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (b. 1899)
  • 1969 – Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (b. 1893)
  • 1975 – Marjorie Main, American actress (b. 1890)
  • 1979 – Nino Rota, Italian composer (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Kay Medford, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Linda Creed, American songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1991 – Kevin Peter Hall, American actor (b. 1955)
  • 1991 – Natalie Schafer, American actress (b. 1900)
  • 1992 – Sam Kinison, American comedian (b. 1953)
  • 1993 – Chris Hani, South African activist (b. 1942)
  • 1994 – Sam B. Hall, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Morarji Desai, Indian activist (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – Michael Dorris, American author (b. 1945)
  • 1999 – Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Peter Jones, English comedian (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Larry Linville, American actor (b. 1939)
  • 2000 – Kirsten Rolffes, Danish actress (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Norbert Brainin, Austrian violinist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Iakovos, Archbishop of America (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Al Lucas, American football player (b. 1978)

April 10 – Holidays:

  • Saint Fulbert of Chartres
  • James, Azadanus and Abdicius
  • Saint Paternus

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