On This Day in History November 17

November 17 – Events:

  • 284 – Diocletian is proclaimed emperor by his soldiers.
  • 473 – The future Zeno I is named associate emperor by Emperor Leo I.
  • 1183 – Battle of Mizushima.
  • 1292 – (O.S.) John Balliol becomes King of Scotland.
  • 1511 – Spain and England ally against France.
  • 1558 – Elizabethan era begins: Queen Mary I of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1603 – English explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason.
  • 1659 – Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain.
  • 1777 – Articles of Confederation was submitted to the states for ratification.
  • 1796 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Arcole – French forces defeat the Austrians in Italy.
  • 1800 – The United States Capitol building in Washington, DC holds its first session of the U.S. Congress.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi.
  • 1820 – Captain Nathaniel Palmer becomes the first American to see Antarctica (the Palmer Peninsula was later named after him).
  • 1827 – The Delta Phi fraternity, America’s oldest continuous social fraternity, was founded at Union College in Schenectady, New York.
  • 1831 – Ecuador and Venezuela were separated from Greater Colombia.
  • 1855 – David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls in what is now present-day Zambia-Zimbabwe.
  • 1856 – American Old West: On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
  • 1858 – Modified Julian Day zero.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Knoxville begins – Confederate forces led by General James Longstreet place Knoxville, Tennessee under siege.
  • 1869 – In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated in an elaborate ceremony.
  • 1871 – The National Rifle Association is granted a charter by the state of New York.
  • 1876 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s patriotic Slavonic March made its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception by the Russian people.
  • 1878 – First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy.
  • 1903 – The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party splits into two groups; the Bolsheviks (Russian for “majority”) and Mensheviks (Russian for “minority”).
  • 1903 – Dahomey (Benin) becomes a French protectorate.
  • 1905 – The Eulsa Treaty is signed between Japan and Korea.
  • 1911 – The Omega Psi Phi fraternity, the first African-American fraternity at a historically black college or university, is founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
  • 1919 – King George V of the United Kingdom proclaims Armistice Day (later Remembrance Day). The idea was first suggested by Edward George Honey.
  • 1922 – Former Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI goes into exile in Italy.
  • 1933 – United States recognizes Soviet Union.
  • 1939 – Nine Czech students are executed as a response to anti-Nazi demonstrations prompted by the death of Jan Opletal; in addition, Czech universities are shut down and over a thousand Czech students sent to concentration camps.
  • 1939 – The Rome-Rio de Janeiro air connection is created.
  • 1950 – Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, was enthroned as Tibet’s head of state at the age of fifteen.
  • 1953 – The remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands, Kerry, Ireland are evacuated to the mainland.
  • 1954 – Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes president of Egypt.
  • 1962 – President John F. Kennedy dedicates Dulles International Airport, serving the Washington, D.C. region.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: Acting on optimistic reports he was given on November 13, US President Lyndon B. Johnson tells his nation that, while much remained to be done, “We are inflicting greater losses than we’re taking…We are making progress.”
  • 1968 – Alexandros Panagoulis is condemned to death for attempting to assassinate Greek dictator George Papadopoulos.
  • 1969 – Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet in Helsinki to begin SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the number of strategic weapons on both sides.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Lieutenant William Calley goes on trial for the My Lai massacre.
  • 1970 – Luna program: The Soviet Union lands Lunokhod 1 on Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on the Moon. This is the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world and was released by the orbiting Luna 17 spacecraft.
  • 1970 – Douglas Engelbart receives the patent for the first computer mouse.
  • 1973 – Watergate scandal: In Orlando, Florida, US President Richard Nixon tells 400 Associated Press managing editors “I am not a crook”.
  • 1973 – The Athens Polytechnic Uprising against the military regime ends in a bloodshed in the Greek capital.
  • 1974 – Aliança Operário-Camponesa (Worker-Peasant Alliance) founded in Portugal, as a front of PCP(m-l).
  • 1983 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation is founded.
  • 1989 – Cold War: Velvet Revolution begins: In Czechoslovakia, a student demonstration in Prague is quelled by riot police. This sparks an uprising aimed at overthrowing the communist government (it succeeds on December 29).
  • 1990 – Fugendake, part of the Mount Unzen volcanic complex, Nagasaki prefecture, Japan becomes active again and erupts.
  • 1997 – In Luxor, Egypt, 62 people are killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut, known as Luxor massacre (The police then kill the assailants).
  • 2000 – A catastrophic landslide in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, kills 7, and causes millions of SIT of damage. It is one of the worst catastrophes in Slovenia in the past 100 years.
  • 2000 – Alberto Fujimori is removed from office as president of Peru.
  • 2003 – Arnold Schwarzenegger is inaugurated as Governor of California.
  • 2004 – Kmart Corp. announces it is buying Sears, Roebuck and Co. for $11 billion USD and naming the newly merged company Sears Holdings Corporation.
  • 2005 – Italy’s choice of national anthem, Il Canto degli Italiani, becomes official in law for the first time, almost 60 years after it was provisionally chosen following the birth of the republic.
  • 2006 – Official naming of element 111, Roentgenium (Rg).

November 17 – Birthdays:

  • 9 – Vespasian, Roman Emperor (d. 79)
  • 1502 – Atahualpa, last emperor of the Inca (d. 1533)
  • 1503 – Agnolo Bronzino, Italian painter (d. 1572)
  • 1576 – Roque Gonzales, Paraguayan missionary (d. 1628)
  • 1587 – Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet (d. 1679)
  • 1612 – Dorgon, Manchu prince (d. 1650)
  • 1681 – Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (d. 1776)
  • 1685 – Pierre Gaultier, French-Canadian trader and explorer (d. 1749)
  • 1729 – Maria Antonietta of Spain, queen of Sardinia (d. 1785)
  • 1755 – Louis XVIII of France (d. 1824)
  • 1765 – Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, French marshal (d. 1840)
  • 1790 – August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • 1793 – Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter (d. 1865)
  • 1799 – Titian Peale, American artist (d. 1885)
  • 1816 – August Wilhelm Ambros, Austrian composer (d. 1876)
  • 1827 – Petko Slavejkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 1895)
  • 1835 – Andrew L. Harris, governor of Ohio (d. 1915)
  • 1854 – Hubert Lyautey, French general (d. 1934)
  • 1857 – Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (d. 1932)
  • 1866 – Voltairine de Cleyre, American anarchist (d. 1912)
  • 1868 – Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist (d. 1918)
  • 1877 – Frank Calder, the first NHL President (d. 1943)
  • 1878 – Grace Abbott, American social worker (d. 1939)
  • 1878 – Lise Meitner, Austrian physicist (d. 1968)
  • 1887 – Bernard Montgomery, British World War II commander (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Richard Nikolaus Graf Coudenhove-Kalergi, Austrian politician (d. 1972)
  • 1895 – Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (d. 1975)
  • 1895 – Gregorio López y Fuentes, Mexican author (d. 1966)
  • 1896 – Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (d. 1934)
  • 1897 – Frank Fay, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 1899 – Douglas Shearer, Canadian film sound engineer (d. 1971)
  • 1901 – Walter Hallstein, German politician (d. 1982)
  • 1901 – Lee Strasberg, Austrian director (d. 1982)
  • 1902 – Eugene Wigner, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1904 – Isamu Noguchi, American sculptor (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Queen Astrid of the Belgians (d. 1935)
  • 1905 – Mischa Auer, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1906 – Soichiro Honda, Japanese automobile pioneer (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – Rollie Stiles, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – Israel Regardie, Aleister Crowley’s secretary (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Christian Fouchet, French diplomat (d. 1974)
  • 1916 – Shelby Foote, American historian (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Camillo Felgen, Luxembourgish singer (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Stanley Cohen, American biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1923 – Bert Sutcliffe, New Zealand cricketer (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Hubertus Brandenburg, Roman Catholic Bishop of Stockholm
  • 1925 – Rock Hudson, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – Charles Mackerras, Australian-born conductor
  • 1927 – Robert Brown, American actor
  • 1928 – Rance Howard, American actor
  • 1929 – Norm Zauchin, baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Bob Mathias, American decathlete (d. 2006)
  • 1934 – Fenella Fielding, English actress
  • 1935 – Bobby Joe Conrad, American football player
  • 1935 – Toni Sailer, Austrian skier
  • 1936 – Dahlia Ravikovitch, Israeli poet (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Peter Cook, British comedian (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – Gordon Lightfoot, Canadian singer
  • 1939 – Auberon Waugh, British author (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Luke Kelly, Irish folk music singer and banjo player
  • 1942 – Martin Scorsese, American film director
  • 1942 – Khang Khek Leu, Cambodian politician
  • 1943 – Lauren Hutton, American actress
  • 1944 – Jim Boeheim, Hall of Fame Coach
  • 1944 – Danny DeVito, American actor
  • 1944 – Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect
  • 1944 – Lorne Michaels, Canadian producer
  • 1944 – Tom Seaver, baseball player
  • 1944 – Gene Clark, American singer and songwriter (The Byrds) (d. 1991)
  • 1945 – Elvin Hayes, American basketball player
  • 1945 – Roland Joffé, Anglo-French film director
  • 1946 – Terry E. Branstad, Governor of Iowa
  • 1946 – Martin Barre, English rock musician (Jethro Tull)
  • 1947 – Steven E. de Souza, American scriptwriter
  • 1947 – Inky Mark, Canadian politician
  • 1948 – Howard Dean, American politician
  • 1950 – Tom Walkinshaw, Scottish race car driver and race team owner
  • 1951 – Stephen Root, American actor
  • 1951 – Dean Paul Martin, American singer and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1952 – Ties Kruize, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1954 – Mark Brandon Read, Australian criminal
  • 1955 – Dennis Maruk, Canadian hockey player
  • 1955 – Yolanda King, daughter of Martin Luther King, Jr. (d. 2007)
  • 1957 – Debbie Thrower, BBC News Reader
  • 1958 – Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, American actress
  • 1959 – Terry Fenwick, English footballer
  • 1960 – Jonathan Ross, British presenter
  • 1960 – Kirk Fogg, host of Legends of the Hidden Temple
  • 1960 – RuPaul, American drag entertainer
  • 1961 – Robert Stethem, U.S. Navy Seabee diver murdered by terrorists on TWA Flight
  • 847 (d. 1985)
  • 1962 – Dédé Fortin, Quebec singer (Les Colocs) (d. 2000)
  • 1964 – Ralph Garman, American actor and radio personality
  • 1964 – Mitch Williams, Major League Baseball player
  • 1965 – Amanda Brown, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens) and composer
  • 1966 – Jeff Buckley, American musician (d. 1997)
  • 1966 – Sophie Marceau, French actress
  • 1966 – Daisy Fuentes, Cuban model and actress
  • 1966 – Kate Ceberano, Australian singer
  • 1966 – Richard Fortus, American guitarist (Guns N’ Roses)
  • 1968 – Amber Michaels, German porn actress
  • 1969 – Jean-Michel Saive, Belgian table tennis player
  • 1969 – Ryotaro Okiayu, Japanese voice actor
  • 1970 – Paul Allender, British guitarist (Cradle of Filth)
  • 1972 – Leonard Roberts, American actor
  • 1973 – Eli Marrero, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Bernd Schneider, German footballer
  • 1973 – Alexei Urmanov, Russian figure skater
  • 1974 – Leslie Bibb, American actress
  • 1974 – Berto Romero, Spanish humorist
  • 1975 – Lord Infamous, Rapper
  • 1975 – Diane Neal, American actress
  • 1976 – Brandon Call, American actor
  • 1977 – Ryk Neethling, South African swimmer
  • 1978 – Zoë Bell, New Zealand actress
  • 1978 – Reggie Wayne, American football player
  • 1979 – Brad Bradley, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Matthew Spring, English footballer
  • 1980 – Isaac Hanson, American musician (Hanson)
  • 1980 – Mercedes Martinez, professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Sarah Harding, English singer (Girls Aloud)
  • 1982 – Katie Feenstra, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Yiannis Bourousis, Greek basketball player
  • 1983 – Ryan Braun, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Harry Lloyd, English actor
  • 1983 – Nick Markakis, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Christopher Paolini, American novelist
  • 1984 – Park Han-byul, South Korean actress
  • 1986 – Nani, Portuguese football player
  • 1990 – Shanica Knowles, American actress
  • 1992 – Darian Weiss, American actor; Cassiopeia Quaranta, American playgirl
  • 1994 – Raquel Castro, American actress

November 17 – Deaths:

  • 375 – Valentinian I, Roman Emperor (b. 321)
  • 594 – Gregory of Tours, bishop and historian (b. c.539)
  • 641 – Emperor Jomei of Japan (b. 593)
  • 680 – Hilda of Whitby (b. 614)
  • 885 – Queen Liutgard
  • 1231 – Elisabeth of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1207)
  • 1302 – St. Gertrude the Great (b. 1256)
  • 1326 – Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician (b. 1285)
  • 1494 – Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1558 – Mary I of England (b. 1516)
  • 1558 – Reginald Cardinal Pole, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1500)
  • 1562 – Antoine de Bourbon, father of Henry IV of France (b. 1518)
  • 1592 – John III of Sweden (b. 1537)
  • 1600 – Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander (b. 1542)
  • 1632 – Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal (b. 1594)
  • 1643 – Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant, Marshal of France (b. 1602)
  • 1648 – Thomas Ford, English composer
  • 1665 – John Earle, English bishop
  • 1668 – Joseph Alleine, English preacher (b. 1634)
  • 1690 – Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French soldier (b. 1610)
  • 1708 – Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch painter (b. 1631)
  • 1713 – Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1653)
  • 1720 – Calico Jack, English pirate (b. 1682)
  • 1747 – Alain-René Lesage, French writer (b. 1668)
  • 1768 – Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Prime Minister of the
  • United Kingdom (b. 1693)
  • 1776 – James Ferguson, British astronomer (b. 1710)
  • 1780 – Bernardo Bellotto, Italian painter (b. 1720)
  • 1794 – Jacques François Dugommier, French general (b. 1738)
  • 1796 – Catherine II of Russia, Empress of Russia (b. 1729)
  • 1808 – David Zeisberger, Moravian missionary (b. 1721)
  • 1818 – Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen consort of King George III (b. 1744)
  • 1835 – Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, French painter (b. 1758)
  • 1849 – Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest and miracle-worker (b. 1794)
  • 1858 – Robert Owen, British father of the cooperative movement (b. 1771)
  • 1897 – George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • 1902 – Hugh Price Hughes, Methodist Social Reformer (b. 1847)
  • 1905 – Adolphe of Luxembourg, (b. 1817)
  • 1910 – Ralph Johnstone, pioneer pilot, 1st ‘American’ pilot killed in the crash of an
  • airplane, Denver, Colorado.
  • 1917 – Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (b. 1840)
  • 1922 – Robert Comtesse, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1847)
  • 1928 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian author, politician, & freedom fighter (b. 1865)
  • 1929 – Herman Hollerith, American statistician (b. 1860)
  • 1936 – Ernestine Schumann-Heink, Austrian contralto (b. 1861)
  • 1937 – Jack Worrall, Australian cricketer (b. 1860)
  • 1938 – Ante Trumbic, Croatian politician (b. 1864)
  • 1940 – Eric Gill, British sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1940 – Raymond Pearl, American biologist (b. 1879)
  • 1942 – Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • 1947 – Victor Serge, Russian anarchist, novelist, and historian (b. 1890)
  • 1955 – James P. Johnson, American pianist and composer (b. 1894)
  • 1958 – Mort Cooper, baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1959 – Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer (b. 1887)
  • 1968 – Mervyn Peake, British writer (b. 1911)
  • 1973 – The Mother, Sri Aurobindo Ashram (b. 1878)
  • 1979 – John Glascock, British bassist (Jethro Tull)
  • 1980 – Shah Maghsoud Sadegh Angha, 41st Sufi master of Oveyssi order (b. 1916)
  • 1982 – Eduard Tubin, Estonian composer (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Leonid Borisovitch Kogan, Russian violinist (b. 1924)
  • 1986 – Georges Besse, French automobile executive (b. 1927)
  • 1987 – Paul Derringer, baseball player (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – Gus Farace, American gangster (b. 1960)
  • 1990 – Robert Hofstadter, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)\
  • 1992 – Andrew Hernandez, American Actor/Music Producer
  • 1993 – Gérard D. Lévesque, Canadian politician (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Alan Hull, English Rock Musician (Lindisfarne)
  • 1998 – Esther Rolle, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Louis Eugène Félix Néel, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2001 – Michael Karoli, German guitarist (b. 1948)
  • 2002 – Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Arthur Conley, American singer (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – Don Gibson, American singer (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Mikael Ljungberg, Swedish wrestler (b. 1970)
  • 2004 – Alexander Ragulin, Russian hockey player (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – Marek Perepeczko, Polish actor (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Ruth Brown, American blues singer (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Ferenc Puskás, Hungarian footballer (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Bo Schembechler, American football coach (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Flo Sandon’s, Italian singer (b. 1924)

November 17 – Holidays:

  • C. Saints – Elisabeth of Hungary; Gregory of Tours; Hilda of Whitby; Hugh of Lincoln; Acisclus
  • International Students Day
  • Slovakia and the Czech Republic – Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day commemorating the beginning of the Velvet Revolution in 1989.

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On This Day in History November 16

November 16 – Events:

  • 534 – A second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus is published.
  • 1384 – Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.
  • 1491 – An auto de fe, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.
  • 1532 – Francisco Pizarro and his men capture Inca Emperor Atahualpa.
  • 1632 – The Battle of Lützen, where King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden is killed.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Hessian mercenaries capture Fort Washington from the
  • 1776 – American Revolution: The United Provinces (Low Countries) recognize the independence of the United States.
  • 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Schöngrabern – Russian forces under Bagration delay the pursuit by French troops under Murat.
  • 1821 – American Old West: Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail.
  • 1849 – A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
  • 1857 – Second relief of Lucknow. The most Victoria Crosses won in a single day with 24.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Campbell’s Station near Knoxville, Tennessee. Confederate troops unsuccessfully attack Union forces.
  • 1885 – Canadian rebel leader of the Métis and “Father of Manitoba,” Louis Riel is executed for treason.
  • 1907 – Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory become Oklahoma and are admitted as the 46th U.S. state.
  • 1907 – Cunard Line’s RMS Mauretania sister ship of RMS Lusitania, sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 1914 – The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens.
  • 1938 – LSD is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.
  • 1940 – World War II: In response to Germany’s leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1940 – Holocaust: In occupied Poland, the Nazis close off the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world.
  • 1943 – World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • 1944 – Dueren, Germany is completely destroyed by Allied bombers.
  • 1945 – Cold War: The United States Army secretly admits 88 German scientists and engineers to help in the development of rocket technology.
  • 1965 – Venera program: The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe toward Venus, the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet.
  • 1973 – Skylab program: NASA launches Skylab 4 with a crew of three astronauts from Cape Canaveral, Florida for an 84-day mission.
  • 1973 – U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline.
  • 1979 – The first line of Bucharest Metro (Line M1) is opened from Timpuri Noi to Semanatoarea in Bucharest, Romania.
  • 1988 – The Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR declares that Estonia was “sovereign” but stopped short of declaring independence.
  • 1988 – In the first open election in more than a decade, voters in Pakistan elect populist candidate Benazir Bhutto to be Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • 1989 – A death squad composed of El Salvadoran army troops kills six Jesuit priests and two others at Jose Simeon Canas University.
  • 1989 – UNESCO adopts the Seville Statement on Violence at the twenty-fifth session of its General Conference.
  • 1997 – After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People’s Republic of China releases Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.
  • 2000 – Bill Clinton becomes the first U.S. President to visit Vietnam since the end of the Vietnam War.
  • 2005 – The Australia national football team qualifies for the FIFA World Cup for the first time in 32 years. They defeated the Uruguay National Football Team in a penalty shootout.

November 16 – Birthdays:

  • 42 BC – Tiberius, Roman emperor (d. 37)
  • 1436 – Leonardo Loredan, Doge of the Republic of Venice (d. 1521)
  • 1603 – Augustyn Kordecki, Polish prior (d. 1673)
  • 1643 – Jean Chardin, French explorer (d. 1703)
  • 1717 – Jean le Rond d’Alembert, French mathematician (d. 1793)
  • 1720 – Carlo Antonio Campioni, Italian composer (d. 1788)
  • 1758 – Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (d. 1841)
  • 1766 – Rodolphe Kreutzer, French violinist (d. 1831)
  • 1836 – David Kalakaua of Hawaii, Hawaiian king (d. 1891)
  • 1839 – Louis-Honoré Fréchette, French Canadian poet (d. 1908)
  • 1841 – Jules Violle, French physicist (d. 1923)
  • 1847 – Edmund James Flynn, Canadian politician (d. 1927)
  • 1862 – Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (d. 1944)
  • 1880 – Alexander Blok, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1885 – Michael Gonzi, Maltese archbishop (d. 1984)
  • 1873 – W. C. Handy, American composer (d. 1958)
  • 1889 – George S. Kaufman, American playwright (d. 1961)
  • 1892 – Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (d. 1978)
  • 1892 – Tazio Nuvolari, Italian racing driver (d. 1953)
  • 1895 – Paul Hindemith, German composer (d. 1963)
  • 1896 – Oswald Mosley, British fascist (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Lawrence Tibbett, American singer (d. 1960)
  • 1897 – Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (d. 1951)
  • 1904 – Nnamdi Azikiwe, President of Nigeria (d. 1996)
  • 1905 – Eddie Condon, American musician (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Burgess Meredith, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Daws Butler, voice actor (d. 1988)
  • 1922 – Gene Amdahl, American computer scientist
  • 1922 – José Saramago, Portuguese writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1924 – Mel Patton, American athlete
  • 1928 – Clu Gulager, American actor
  • 1930 – Chinua Achebe, Nigerian author
  • 1930 – Salvatore Riina, Sicilian Mafioso
  • 1931 – Luciano Bottaro, Italian comic book artist (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Hubert Sumlin, American blues musician
  • 1933 – Garnet Mimms, American singer
  • 1938 – Robert Nozick, American philosopher (d. 2002)
  • 1941 – Gerry Marshall, British race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Willie Carson, Scottish jockey
  • 1942 – Joanna Pettet, English-American actress
  • 1946 – Terence McKenna, American writer (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – Ebby Thust, German Boxing promoter and writer
  • 1950 – David Leisure, American actor
  • 1951 – Miguel Sandoval, American actor
  • 1952 – Robin McKinley, writer
  • 1952 – Shigeru Miyamoto, Japanese video game designer
  • 1954 – Andrea Barrett, American author
  • 1954 – Dick Gross, Australian politician
  • 1954 – Bruce Edwards, golf caddy (d. 2004)
  • 1955 – Pierre Larouche, National Hockey League player
  • 1956 – Terry Labonte, NASCAR driver
  • 1957 – Jacques Gamblin, French actor
  • 1958 – Marg Helgenberger, American actress
  • 1958 – Boris Krivokapic, Serbian academic
  • 1961 – Frank Bruno, British boxer
  • 1961 – Corinne Hermès, French singer
  • 1962 – Josh Silver, American musician (Type O Negative)
  • 1962 – Gary Mounfield, English musician (Primal Scream)
  • 1964 – Dwight Gooden, American athlete
  • 1964 – Diana Krall, Canadian Jazz pianist and singer
  • 1964 – Harry J. Lennix, American actor
  • 1964 – Valeria Bruni Tedeschi, Italian actress
  • 1965 – Mika Aaltonen, Finnish footballer
  • 1966 – Christian Lorenz, German keyboardist (Rammstein)
  • 1966 – Dean McDermott, Canadian actor
  • 1966 – Tahir Shah, British travel writer and explorer
  • 1967 – Craig Arnold, American poet
  • 1967 – Lisa Bonet, American actress
  • 1968 – Vlado Šola, Croatian handball goalkeeper
  • 1969 – Maeve Quinlan, American actress
  • 1970 – Martha Plimpton, American actress
  • 1971 – Mustapha Hadji, Moroccan footballer
  • 1971 – Alexander Popov, Russian swimmer
  • 1971 – Koshi Rikdo, Japanese mangaka.
  • 1971 – Waqar Younis, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1972 – Missi Pyle, American actress
  • 1973 – Christian Horner, British Formula One team owner
  • 1973 – Brendan Laney, Scottish rugby player
  • 1974 – Eric Judy, American Musician
  • 1974 – Maurizio Margaglio, Italian ice dancer
  • 1974 – Paul Scholes, British footballer
  • 1975 – Julio Lugo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Juha Pasoja, Finnish footballer
  • 1976 – Danny Wallace, British author
  • 1976 – Martijn Zuijdweg, Dutch swimmer
  • 1977 – Oksana Baiul, Ukrainian figure skater
  • 1977 – Maggie Gyllenhaal, American actress
  • 1977 – Mauricio Ochmann, Mexican actor
  • 1978 – Kip Bouknight, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Gary Naysmith, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Carolina Parra, Brazilian musician (CSS)
  • 1980 – Kayte Christensen, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Nicole Gius, Italian alpine skier
  • 1981 – Allison Crowe, Canadian singer
  • 1981 – Caitlin Glass, American voice actress
  • 1981 – Osi Umenyiora, NFL football player
  • 1982 – Jannie du Plessis, South African rugby player
  • 1982 – Amare Stoudemire, American basketball player
  • 1983 – K, South Korean singer
  • 1983 – Kari Lehtonen, Finnish ice hockey goaltender
  • 1984 – Gemma Atkinson, British actress and model
  • 1984 – Kimberly J. Brown, American actress
  • 1986 – Saeko, Japanese actress
  • 1995 – Noah Gray-Cabey, American child actor

November 16 – Deaths:

  • 1093 – Saint Margaret of Scotland, wife of Malcolm III of Scotland
  • 1240 – Edmund Rich, St. Edmund of Canterbury
  • 1272 – King Henry III of England (b. 1207)
  • 1328 – Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (b. 1276)
  • 1613 – Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (b. 1556)
  • 1628 – Paolo Quagliati, Italian composer
  • 1632 – King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (killed in battle) (b. 1594)
  • 1695 – Pierre Nicole, French philosopher (b. 1625)
  • 1724 – Jack Sheppard, English burglar (hanged) (b. 1702)
  • 1745 – James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier (b. 1665)
  • 1773 – John Hawkesworth, English writer
  • 1779 – Pehr Kalm, Finnish explorer and naturalist (b. 1716)
  • 1790 – Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1797 – Frederick William II of Prussia (b. 1744)
  • 1802 – André Michaux, French botanist (b. 1746)
  • 1806 – Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)
  • 1836 – Christian Hendrik Persoon, Dutch mycologist (b. 1761)
  • 1884 – František Chvostek, Moravian physician (b. 1835)
  • 1885 – Louis Riel, Canadian politician (b. 1844)
  • 1907 – Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (b. 1848)
  • 1908 – Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-born Canadian politician (b. 1829)
  • 1911 – Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (b. 1842)
  • 1922 – Max Abraham, German physicist (b. 1875)
  • 1939 – Pierce Butler, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1866)
  • 1950 – Bob Smith, American doctor, co-founder of the Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1879)
  • 1960 – Clark Gable, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1961 – Sam Rayburn, U.S. Speaker of the House (b. 1882)
  • 1971 – Edie Sedgwick, American socialite and heiress (b. 1940)
  • 1972 – Vera Karalli, Russian ballerina and actress (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Alan Watts, English writer (b. 1915)
  • 1981 – William Holden, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1982 – Arthur Askey, British comedian (b. 1900)
  • 1982 – Pavel Sergeevich Alexandrov, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)
  • 1982 – Lenny Murphy, Leader of Belfast’s notorious Shankill Butchers (b. 1952)
  • 1984 – Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (b. 1906)
  • 1986 – Siobhán McKenna, Irish stage and screen actress (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Jim Brewer, Major League Baseball relief pitcher (b. 1937)
  • 1987 – Zubir Said, Singaporean composer who composed Singapore’s national anthem (b. 1907)
  • 1989 – Jean-Claude Malépart, Quebec politician (b. 1938)
  • 1993 – Lucia Popp, Slovakian soprano (b. 1939)
  • 1993 – Achille Zavatta, French clown (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Doris Speed, British actress (b. 1899)
  • 1994 – Dino Valente, American musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (b.1943)
  • 1995 – Jack Finney, American author (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in
  • Physiology or Medicine (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – DJ Screw, American hiphop DJ (b. 1971)
  • 2000 – Joe C., American rapper (b. 1974)
  • 2001 – Tommy Flanagan, American jazz pianist (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Bettina Goislard, French relief worker (b. 1974)
  • 2004 – Margaret Hassan, Irish-born aid worker (b. 1945)
  • 2005 – Henry Taube, Canadian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Robert Tisch, American football team owner (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Donald Watson, English founder of the Vegan Society (b. 1910)
  • 2006 – Milton Friedman, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Yuri Levada, Russian sociologist (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Harold Alfond, American businessman (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Grethe Kausland, Norwegian actress and singer (b. 1947)
  • 2007 – Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian comedian and author (b. 1946)

November 16 – Holidays:

  • C. Saints – Saint Margaret of Scotland ; Gertrude the Great
  • International Day for Tolerance
  • Iceland – Dagur íslenskrar tungu (Icelandic Language Day)

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 15

November 15 – Events:

  • 655 – Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria.
  • 1315 – Battle of Morgarten the Schweizer Eidgenossenschaft ambushes the army of Leopold I.
  • 1515 – Thomas Cardinal Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal
  • 1533 – Francisco Pizarro arrives in Cuzco, Peru.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.
  • 1791 – The first U.S Catholic college, Georgetown University, opens its doors.
  • 1806 – Pike expedition: Lieutenant Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains (it was later named Pikes Peak).
  • 1854 – In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Union General William Tecumseh Sherman burns Atlanta, Georgia and starts Sherman’s March to the Sea.
  • 1889 – Brazil is declared a republic by Marechal Deodoro da Fonseca and Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a military coup.
  • 1893 – FC Basel was founded
  • 1920 – First assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva.
  • 1926 – The NBC radio network opens with 24 stations.
  • 1935 – Manuel Quezon is inaugurated as the first president of the Philippines.
  • 1939 – In Washington, D.C., US President Franklin D. Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial.
  • 1941 – Holocaust: SS chief Heinrich Himmler orders the arrest and deportation to concentration camps of all homosexuals in Germany, with the exception of certain top Nazi officials.
  • 1942 – World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.
  • 1943 – Holocaust: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies were to be put “on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps.”
  • 1948 – Louis Stephen St. Laurent succeeds William Lyon Mackenzie King as Prime Minister of Canada. King had the longest combined time (3 terms, 22 years in total) as Premier in Commonwealth of Nations history.
  • 1949 – Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 1959 – Four members of the Herbert Clutter Family are murdered at their farm outside Holcomb, Kansas.
  • 1960 – The Polaris missile is test launched.
  • 1966 – Gemini program: Gemini 12 splashes down safely in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1966 – A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 708 crashes near Berlin, Germany, killing all three people on board.
  • 1967 – The only fatality of the X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft which is destroyed mid-air over the Mojave Desert.
  • 1969 – Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000-500,000 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic “March Against Death.”
  • 1970 – The Soviet Lunokhod 1 moon rover lands on the moon.
  • 1971 – Intel releases world’s first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004.
  • 1976 – René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois take power to become the first Quebec government of the 20th century clearly in favour of independence.
  • 1978 – A chartered DC-8 crashes near Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing 183.
  • 1979 – A package from the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, forcing the plane to make an emergency landing.
  • 1983 – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is founded. Recognised only by Turkey
  • 1985 – A research assistant is injured when a package from the Unabomber addressed to a University of Michigan professor explodes.
  • 1985 – The Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed at Hillsborough Castle by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald.
  • 1987 – Continental Airlines Flight 1713, a Douglas DC-9-14 jetliner, crashes in a snowstorm at Denver, Colorado Stapleton International Airport, killing 28 occupants, while 54 survive the crash.
  • 1988 – In the Soviet Union, the unmanned Shuttle Buran is launched on her first and last space flight.
  • 1988 – Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council.
  • 1988 – The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands.
  • 1990 – Space Shuttle program: Space Shuttle Atlantis launches with flight STS-38.
  • 1993 – 13 Cuban refugees land in Florida after stealing a crop-duster in Cuba.
  • 2000 – A chartered Antonov AN-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola killing more   than 40 people.
  • 2000 – New Jharkhand state came into existence in India.
  • 2002 – Hu Jintao becomes general secretary of the Communist Party of China.
  • 2003 – The first day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings takes place, to be followed by additional bombings on November 20.
  • 2005 – Boeing formally launches the stretched Boeing 747-8 variant with orders from Cargolux and Nippon Cargo Airlines.
  • 2007 – A devastating Cyclone named Sidr attacked the premises of Bangladesh to kill around 5000 people and destroy plenty of houses, trees and also the world’s largest mangrove forest Sundarbans.

November 15 – Birthdays:

  • 1316 – John I of France (d. 1316)
  • 1397 – Pope Nicholas V (d. 1455)
  • 1498 – Eleonore of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France (d. 1558)
  • 1511 – Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet (d. 1536)
  • 1556 – Jacques-Davy Duperron, French cardinal (d. 1618)
  • 1559 – Archduke Albert of Austria, Governor of the Low Countries (d. 1621)
  • 1607 – Madeleine de Scudéry, French writer (d. 1701)
  • 1660 – Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (d. 1746)
  • 1661 – Christoph von Graffenried, Swiss settler in Americas (d. 1743)
  • 1688 – Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician (d. 1757)
  • 1692 – Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (d. 1775)
  • 1708 – William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1778)
  • 1738 – William Herschel, German-born astronomer (d. 1822)
  • 1741 – Johann Kaspar Lavater, German philosopher (d. 1801)
  • 1746 – Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer and playwright (d. 1809)
  • 1757 – Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon (d. 1830)
  • 1784 – Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia (d. 1860)
  • 1793 – Michel Chasles, French mathematician (d. 1880)
  • 1852 – Tewfik Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (d. 1892)
  • 1859 – Christopher Hornsrud, Prime Minister of Norway (d. 1960)
  • 1862 – Gerhart Hauptmann, German dramatist, Nobel laureate (d. 1946)
  • 1874 – August Krogh, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (d. 1949)
  • 1874 – Dimitrios Golemis, Greek athlete (d. 1941)
  • 1879 – Lewis Stone, American actor (d. 1953)
  • 1881 – Franklin Pierce Adams, American newspaper columnist (d. 1960)
  • 1882 – Felix Frankfurter, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1965)
  • 1886 – René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (d. 1951)
  • 1887 – Marianne Moore, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1887 – Georgia O’Keeffe, American painter (d. 1986)
  • 1889 – Manuel II of Portugal (d. 1932)
  • 1890 – Richmal Crompton, British author (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Averell Harriman, American businessman (d. 1986)
  • 1891 – Erwin Rommel, German field marshal (d. 1944)
  • 1895 – Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1895 – Antoni Slonimski, Polish writer (d. 1976)
  • 1897 – Aneurin Bevan, British politician (d. 1960)
  • 1897 – Sacheverell Sitwell, English writer (d. 1988)
  • 1899 – Avdy Andresson, Estonian statesman (d. 1990)
  • 1899 – Iskander Mirza, first President of Pakistan (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Stewie Dempster, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Mantovani, Italian-born composer (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Curtis LeMay, U.S. Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Claus von Stauffenberg, German, leader of failed plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler (d. 1944, by execution)
  • 1913 – Guy Green, English film director (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Arthur Haulot, Belgian journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1919 – Joseph Wapner, American judge
  • 1925 – Howard Baker, American political advisor
  • 1925 – Yuli Daniel, Russian writer (d. 1988)
  • 1927 – Gregor Mackenzie, British politician (d. 1992)
  • 1928 – C.W. McCall, American singer
  • 1928 – John Orchard, British actor (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Ed Asner, American actor
  • 1930 – J. G. Ballard, British author
  • 1931 – Mwai Kibaki, President of Kenya
  • 1931 – Pascal Lissouba, Congo politician
  • 1932 – Petula Clark, English singer
  • 1932 – Clyde McPhatter, American singer (d. 1972)
  • 1932 – Alvin Plantinga, American philosopher
  • 1936 – Wolf Biermann, German writer
  • 1937 – Little Willie John, American singer (d. 1968)
  • 1937 – Yaphet Kotto, American actor
  • 1940 – Sam Waterston, American actor
  • 1942 – Daniel Barenboim, Argentine-born conductor and pianist
  • 1945 – Roger Donaldson, Australian producer/director
  • 1945 – Bob Gunton, American actor
  • 1945 – Anni-Frid “Frida” Lyngstad, Swedish singer (ABBA)
  • 1947 – Bill Richardson, American politician
  • 1951 – Beverly D’Angelo, American actress
  • 1952 – Zoltán Buday, Hungarian born actor
  • 1952 – Randy Savage, American professional wrestler
  • 1954 – Aleksander Kwasniewski, former President of Poland
  • 1955 – Georgie Born, English academic, anthropologist and musician (Henry Cow)
  • 1955 – Henry Corra, American documentarian
  • 1956 – Michael Hampton, American guitarist (Funkadelic)
  • 1956 – Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (d. 2003)
  • 1957 – Kevin Eubanks, American jazz guitarist
  • 1957 – Ray McKinnon, American film actor/director
  • 1961 – Ian Reid, Australian educator
  • 1963 – Benny Elias, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1963 – Andrew Castle, English television presenter and former tennis professional
  • 1965 – Nigel Bond, English snooker player
  • 1965 – Stefan Pfeiffer, German swimmer
  • 1966 – Rachel True, American actress
  • 1967 – Pedro Borbón, Jr., Dominican baseball player
  • 1967 – Greg Anthony, American basketball player
  • 1967 – E-40, American rapper
  • 1967 – François Ozon, French film director
  • 1967 – Gustavo Poyet, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1968 – Jennifer Charles, American singer/songwriter
  • 1968 – Ol’ Dirty Bastard, American rapper (d. 2004)
  • 1969 – Shane Mack, American politician
  • 1970 – Jack Ingram, American singer and songwriter
  • 1970 – Patrick Mboma, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1971 – Jay Harrington, American actor
  • 1972 – Jonny Lee Miller, English actor
  • 1973 – Jesse Merz, American actor
  • 1973 – Sydney Tamiia Poitier, American actress
  • 1974 – Chad Kroeger, Canadian singer
  • 1975 – Scott Henshall, British fashion designer
  • 1975 – Yannick Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Brandon DiCamillo, American comedian
  • 1976 – Virginie Ledoyen, French actress
  • 1977 – Sean Murray, American actor
  • 1977 – Peter Phillips, grandson of Queen Elizabeth II
  • 1977 – Logan Whitehurst, American musician (d. 2006)
  • 1979 – Josemi, Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Brett Lancaster, Australian cyclist
  • 1980 – Ace Young, American singer
  • 1981 – Lorena Ochoa, Mexican golfer
  • 1981 – Drew Hodgdon, American football player
  • 1982 – D. J. Fitzpatrick, National Football League kicker
  • 1983 – DJ Skee, American DJ/Personality
  • 1983 – Laura Smet, French actress
  • 1983 – Fernando Verdasco, Spanish tennis player
  • 1986 – Sania Mirza, Indian tennis player
  • 1986 – Jeffree Star, American model, fashion designer, make-up artist and  singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Isaiah Osbourne, English footballer
  • 1988 – Zena Grey, American actress
  • 1990 – Kanata Hongo, Japanese actor

November 15 – Deaths:

  • 655 – Penda, King of Mercia
  • 1028 – Constantine VIII Byzantine Emperor (b. 960)
  • 1136 – Margrave Leopold III of Austria (b. 1073)
  • 1280 – Albertus Magnus, German theologian, bishop, and philosopher
  • 1463 – Giovanni Antonio del Balzo Orsini, Prince of Taranto and Constable of Naples
  • 1544 – King Jungjong of Joseon (b. 1506)
  • 1579 – Ferenc Dávid, Hungarian religious reformer (b. 1510)
  • 1628 – Roque Gonzales, Paraguayan missionary (b. 1576)
  • 1630 – Johannes Kepler, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1571)
  • 1670 – Comenius, Czech writer (b. 1592)
  • 1691 – Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (b. 1620)
  • 1706 – Tsangyang Gyatso, 6th Dalai Lama (b. 1683)
  • 1712 – James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nationalist (b. 1658)
  • 1712 – Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun, English politician (b. 1675)
  • 1787 – Christoph Willibald Gluck, German composer (b. 1714)
  • 1794 – John Witherspoon, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1723)
  • 1795 – Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo, French painter (b. 1719)
  • 1819 – Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (b. 1749)
  • 1853 – Queen Maria II of Portugal (b. 1819)
  • 1908 – Empress Dowager Cixi, Chinese ruler (b. 1835)
  • 1910 – Wilhelm Raabe, German writer (b. 1831)
  • 1916 – Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author, Nobel laureate (b. 1846)
  • 1917 – Émile Durkheim, French sociologist (b. 1858)
  • 1919 – Alfred Werner, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1919 – Mohammad Farid, an influential Egyptian political figure.
  • 1949 – Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte, conspirators against Mahatma Gandhi (b. Narayan Apte – 1911)
  • 1954 – Lionel Barrymore, American actor (b. 1878)
  • 1958 – Tyrone Power, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1959 – Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Scottish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1961 – Elsie Ferguson, American actress (b.1883)
  • 1963 – Fritz Reiner, Hungarian conductor (b. 1888)
  • 1965 – Dawn Powell, American poet (b. 1896)
  • 1966 – Dimitrios Tofalos, Greek weightlifter (b. 1877)
  • 1967 – Michael J. Adams, American test pilot (b. 1930)
  • 1971 – Rudolf Abel, Soviet spy (b. 1903)
  • 1971 – Edie Sedgwick, American actress and model (b. 1943)
  • 1976 – Jean Gabin, French actor (b. 1904)
  • 1978 – Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Martin De Alzaga, Argentine racing driver (b. 1901)
  • 1983 – Charlie Grimm, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1983 – John le Mesurier, English actor (b. 1912)
  • 1988 – Billo Frómeta, Dominican orchestra conductor, arranger and composer (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Alydar, American racehorse (b. 1975)
  • 1994 – Elizabeth George Speare, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Alger Hiss, American government official and alleged spy (b. 1904)
  • 1997 – Saul Chaplin, American composer and musical director (b. 1912)
  • 1998 – Stokely Carmichael, American civil rights activist (b. 1941)
  • 1998 – Ludvik Danek, Czechoslovak discus thrower (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Myra Hindley, English murderess (b. 1942)
  • 2003 – Speedy West, Country Music Hall of Fame Steel Guitarist (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Ray Lewis, Canadian athlete (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Dorothy Loudon, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Laurence Tisch, American businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Elmer L. Andersen, Governor of Minnesota (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – John Morgan, Canadian comedian (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Dr. Adrian Rogers, American Southern Baptist Minister and leader (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (b. 1959)
  • 2006 – Ana Carolina Reston, Brazilian model (b. 1985)
  • 2006 – David K. Wyatt, American historian (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Joe Nuxhall, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1928)

November 15 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Festival in honor of Feronia (others say 13 November)
  • Roman Catholic Saints – Albert the Great, Saint Zechariah, Saint Leopold, Abibus of Edessa, Hugh Faringdon, Saint Malo, Saint Mechell, Didier of Cahors
  • Eastern Orthodoxy – Feast of Saint Philip the Apostle and the beginning of Winter Lent
  • Austria – Saint Leopold’s day — no school in Vienna, Lower Austria and Upper Austria
  • Belgium – King’s Feast, not an official holiday, but some state institutions are closed; Day of the German-speaking Community of Belgium, observed only in the German-speaking Community (since 1990), not in the rest of Belgium.
  • Brazil – Republic Proclamation Day (1889)
  • Palestine – Independence Day (declared 1988)
  • USA – America Recycles Day
  • Japan – Shichi-Go-San – traditional rite of passage and festival day for three and seven year-old girls and three and five year-old boys

 

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 14

November 14 – Events:

  • 1862 – American Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln approves General Ambrose Burnside’s plan to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia, leading to the Battle of Fredericksburg.
  • 1889 – Pioneering female journalist Nellie Bly (aka Elizabeth Cochrane) begins a successful attempt to travel around the world in less than 80 days. She completes the trip in seventy-two days.
  • 1910 – Aviator Eugene Ely performs the first take off from a ship in Hampton Roads, Virginia. He took off from a makeshift deck on the USS Birmingham in a Curtiss pusher.
  • 1918 – Czechoslovakia becomes a republic.
  • 1921 – The Communist Party of Spain is founded.
  • 1922 – The BBC begins radio service in the United Kingdom.
  • 1923 – Kentaro Suzuki completes his ascent of Mount Iizuna.
  • 1940 – World War II: In England, the city of Coventry is heavily bombed by German Luftwaffe bombers. Coventry Cathedral is almost completely destroyed.
  • 1941 – World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinks due to torpedo damage from U 81 sustained on November 13.
  • 1952 – First regular UK singles chart published by the New Musical Express.
  • 1957 – The Apalachin Meeting outside Binghamton, New York is raided by law enforcement, and many high level Mafia figures are arrested.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: Battle of the Ia Drang begins – the first major engagement between regular American and North Vietnamese forces.
  • 1967 – The Congress of Colombia in commemoration of the 150 years of the death of Policarpa Salavarrieta, declares this day as “Day of the Colombian Woman”.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 12, the second manned mission to the surface of the Moon.
  • 1970 – Southern Airlines Flight 932 crashes in the mountains near Huntington, West Virginia, killing 75, including members of the Marshall University football team.
  • 1971 – His Holiness Shenouda III is consecrated as the 117th Patriarch of Alexandria and the See of St. Mark, the Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church.
  • 1972 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 (1,003.16) for the first time.
  • 1973 – In the United Kingdom, Princess Anne marries Captain Mark Phillips, in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1975 – Spain abandons Western Sahara.
  • 1979 – Iran hostage crisis: US President Jimmy Carter issues Executive order 12170, freezing all Iranian assets in the United States in response to the hostage crisis.
  • 1982 – Lech Walesa, the leader of Poland’s outlawed Solidarity movement, is released after eleven months of internment near the Soviet border.
  • 1990 – After German reunification, the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Poland sign a treaty confirming the Oder-Neisse line as the border between Germany and Poland.
  • 1991 – American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.
  • 1991 – Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after thirteen years of exile.
  • 1991 – In Royal Oak, Michigan, a fired United States Postal Service employee goes on a shooting rampage, killing four and wounding five before committing suicide.
  • 1995 – A budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the U.S. Congress forces the federal government to temporarily close national parks and museums and to run most government offices with skeleton staffs.
  • 2001 – War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters takeover the capital Kabul.
  • 2002 – Argentina defaults on an $805 million World Bank payment.
  • 2002 – The United States House of Representatives votes not to create an independent commission to investigate the September 11 attacks.

November 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1567 – Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (d. 1625)
  • 1601 – Jean Eudes, French missionary (d. 1680)
  • 1650 – King William III of England (d. 1702)
  • 1719 – Leopold Mozart, Austrian composer (d. 1787)
  • 1740 – Johann van Beethoven, Ludwig van Beethoven’s father and first teacher (d. 1792)
  • 1746 – Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal
  • 1765 – Robert Fulton, American inventor (d. 1815)
  • 1771 – Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (d. 1802)
  • 1776 – Henri Dutrochet, French physiologist (d. 1847)
  • 1778 – Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian pianist and composer (d. 1837)
  • 1779 – Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (d. 1850)
  • 1797 – Charles Lyell, British geologist (d. 1875)
  • 1803 – Jacob Abbott, American writer (d. 1879)
  • 1805 – Fanny Mendelssohn, German composer and pianist (d. 1847)
  • 1812 – Aleardo Aleardi, Italian poet (d. 1878)
  • 1812 – Maria Christina of Savoy, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1836)
  • 1828 – James B. McPherson, American Civil War general (d. 1864)
  • 1838 – August Senoa, Croatian writer (d. 1881)
  • 1840 – Claude Monet, French painter (d. 1926)
  • 1863 – Leo Hendrik Baekeland, Flemish-American chemist and inventor of the first synthetic plastic, Bakelite (d. 1944)
  • 1875 – Jakob Schaffner, Swiss novelist (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
  • 1889 – Jawaharlal Nehru, First Prime Minister of India and Freedom Fighter (d.1964) 1891 – Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
  • 1895 – Walter Freeman, American physician (d. 1972)
  • 1895 – Louise Huff, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (d. 1979)
  • 1898 – Benjamin Fondane, Romanian-French writer and filmmaker (d. 1944)
  • 1900 – Aaron Copland, American composer (d. 1990)
  • 1904 – Harold Larwood, English cricketer (d. 1995)
  • 1904 – Dick Powell, American actor (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – John Henry Barbee, American guitarist and singer (d. 1964)
  • 1906 – Louise Brooks, American dancer, actress, and movie historian (d. 1985)
  • 1907 – Howard W. Hunter, American religious leader (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish writer (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – William Steig, American children’s book author (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Joseph McCarthy, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • 1910 – Eric Malpass, English novelist (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Barbara Hutton, American socialite (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – T. Y. Lin, Chinese-born civil engineer (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Martha Tilton, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Roger Apéry, Greek-French mathematician (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Sherwood Schwartz, American television writer and producer
  • 1919 – Johnny Desmond, American singer (d. 1985)
  • 1919 – Lisa Otto, German soprano
  • 1919 – Veronica Lake, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1921 – Brian Keith, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian UN Secretary-General
  • 1924 – Leonid Borisovitch Kogan, Russian violinist (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Bart Cummings, Australian race horse trainer
  • 1927 – McLean Stevenson, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Narciso Yepes, Spanish classical guitarist (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Jimmy Piersall, American baseball player
  • 1930 – Shirley Crabtree, professional wrestler (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Monique Mercure, French Canadian actress
  • 1930 – Michael Robbins, British actor (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Edward White, American astronaut (d. 1967)
  • 1933 – Fred Haise, American astronaut
  • 1934 – Kurt Hamrin, Swedish soccer player
  • 1934 – Catherine McGuinness, Irish Supreme Court Justice
  • 1935 – King Hussein of Jordan (d. 1999)
  • 1936 – Freddie Garrity, English singer (Freddie and the Dreamers) (d. 2006)
  • 1936 – Cornell Gunter, American singer (The Coasters) (d. 1990)
  • 1937 – Murray Oliver, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1939 – Wendy Carlos, American composer
  • 1943 – Peter Norton, American software engineer
  • 1945 – Paul Hirsch, American film editor
  • 1945 – Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian First Lady
  • 1947 – P. J. O’Rourke, American writer
  • 1947 – Bharathan, Malayalam film director (d. 1998)
  • 1948 – Charles, Prince of Wales
  • 1949 – James Young, American guitarist (Styx)
  • 1951 – Zhang Yimou, Chinese film director
  • 1951 – Frankie Banali, American rock drummer
  • 1951 – Stephen Bishop, American musician
  • 1953 – Dominique de Villepin, Prime Minister of France
  • 1954 – Bernard Hinault, French cyclist
  • 1954 – Condoleezza Rice, United States Secretary of State
  • 1954 – Yanni, Greek musician & composer
  • 1953 – Phil Baron, American voice actor
  • 1955 – Koichi Nakano, Japanese cyclist
  • 1956 – Alec John Such, American bassist (Bon Jovi)
  • 1959 – Paul McGann, British actor
  • 1961 – Gordon Jennison Noice, American actor
  • 1961 – D. B. Sweeney, American actor
  • 1961 – Antonio Flores, Spanish singer and songwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1962 – Laura San Giacomo, American actress
  • 1962 – Harland Williams, Canadian-born actor
  • 1964 – Bill Hemmer, American television news reporter
  • 1964 – Patrick Warburton, American actor
  • 1964 – Rev Run, American rapper
  • 1966 – Curt Schilling, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Petra Roßner, German cyclist
  • 1967 – Letitia Dean, British actress
  • 1967 – Nina Gordon, American singer
  • 1968 – Janine Lindemulder, American porn actress
  • 1968 – Serge Postigo, Canadian actor
  • 1969 – Butch Walker, recording artist
  • 1970 – David Wesley, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Adam Gilchrist, Australian cricketer
  • 1971 – Marco Leonardi, Italian-Australian actor
  • 1972 – Matthew Bloom, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Josh Duhamel, American actor
  • 1972 – Edyta Górniak, Polish singer
  • 1972 – Martin Pike, Australian rules footballer
  • 1972 – Aaron Taylor, American football player
  • 1973 – Lawyer Milloy, American football player
  • 1973 – Dana Snyder, American voice actor
  • 1973 – Moka Only, Canadian musician
  • 1974 – Matt Cedeño, Cuban-American actor
  • 1974 – David Moscow, American actor
  • 1974 – Adam Walsh, American murder victim (d. 1981)
  • 1975 – Travis Barker, American musician (Blink 182, +44)
  • 1977 – Obie Trice, American rapper
  • 1978 – Xavier Nady, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Mersing Nguyen, American actress
  • 1978 – Bobby Allen, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Mavie Hörbiger, German actress
  • 1979 – Jean-Alain Boumsong, French footballer
  • 1979 – Tobin Esperance, American musician (Papa Roach)
  • 1980 – Brock Pierce, American actor
  • 1981 – Tom Ferrier, British racing driver
  • 1983 – Lil Boosie, American rapper
  • 1984 – Marija Šerifovic, Serbian singer
  • 1984 – Lisa De Vanna, Australian female footballer
  • 1986 – Berta Grosser, German actress
  • 1989 – Jake Livermore, English footballer

November 14 – Deaths:

  • 565 – Justinian the Great, Byzantine Emperor (b. 483)
  • 1226 – Frederick of Isenberg, German politician (executed) (b. 1193)
  • 1263 – Alexander Nevsky, Grand Prince of Novgorod and Vladimir
  • 1359 – Gregory Palamas, Archbishop of Thessalonica (b. 1296)
  • 1522 – Anne of France, Princess and Regent of France (b. 1461)
  • 1556 – Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (b. 1504)
  • 1633 – William Ames, English philosopher (b. 1576)
  • 1687 – Nell Gwynne, English mistress of Charles II of England (b. 1650)
  • 1691 – Tosa Mitsuoki, Japanese painter (b. 1617)
  • 1716 – Gottfried Leibniz, German philosopher and mathematician (b. 1646)
  • 1734 – Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth, French-born mistress of Charles II of England (b. 1649)
  • 1746 – Georg Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)
  • 1817 – Policarpa Salavarrieta, Colombian revolutionary (b. 1795)
  • 1825 – Jean Paul, German writer (b. 1763)
  • 1829 – Louis Nicolas Vauquelin, French pharmacist (b. 1763)
  • 1831 – Georg Hegel, German philosopher (b. 1770)
  • 1831 – Ignaz Pleyel, Austrian-born French composer, music publisher and piano manufacturer (b. 1757)
  • 1832 – Charles Carroll of Carrollton, American statesman (b. 1737)
  • 1844 – John Abercrombie, British physician (b. 1780)
  • 1866 – King Miguel of Portugal (b. 1802)
  • 1872 – Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general and politician (b. 1788)
  • 1907 – Andrew Inglis Clark, Australian politician (b. 1848)
  • 1908 – The Guangxu Emperor of China, (b. 1871)
  • 1914 – Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar, Malayalin journalist (b. 1861)
  • 1915 – Booker T. Washington, American inventor (b. 1856)
  • 1916 – Henry George, Jr., American politician (b. 1862)
  • 1916 – Saki, British writer (b. 1870)
  • 1937 – Jack O’Connor, American baseball player (b. 1869)
  • 1944 – Carl Flesch, Hungarian violinist (b. 1873)
  • 1946 – Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (b. 1876)
  • 1947 – Joseph Allard, French Canadian fiddler (b. 1873)
  • 1971 – William Bendeck, Bolivian rally driver (b. 1934)
  • 1972 – Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (b. 1900)
  • 1974 – Johnny Mack Brown, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1977 – A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder-Acarya of ISKCON (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Robert Bradford, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1941)
  • 1991 – Tony Richardson, English film director (b. 1928)
  • 1992 – Ernst Happel, Austrian football coach (b. 1925)
  •  1994 – Tom Villard, American actor (b. 1953)
  • 1996 – John A. Cade, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 1997 – Eddie Arcaro, American jockey (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Jack Pickersgill, Canadian politician (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Robert Trout, American journalist (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Charlotte Coleman, British actress (b. 1968)
  • 2001 – Juan Carlos Lorenzo, Argentine footballer (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Eddie Bracken, American film actor (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Gene Anthony Ray, American actor (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Michel Colombier, French composer (b. 1939)

November 14 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Equorum Probatio (The official cavalry parade of the equites)
  • India – Birthday of Jawaharlal Nehru: Children’s Day
  • United States – National Children’s Book Week begins
  • Colombia – “Day of the Colombian Woman”
  • Christian feast days:
    • St. Josaphat Kuncevyc on the General Roman Calendar as in 1954
    • Barlaam of Kiev
    • Saint Philip, celebrated in Eastern Orthodox Church
  • World Diabetes Day

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On This Day in History November 13

November 13 – Events:

  • 1002 – English king Ethelred orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St. Brice’s Day massacre.
  • 1160 – Marriage of Louis VII of France with Adele of Champagne.
  • 1642 – At the Battle of Turnham Green of the First English Civil War the Royalist forces withdraw in face of the Parliamentarian army and fail to take London.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Col. Ethan Allen
  • attack Montreal, Quebec defended by British General Guy Carleton.
  • 1841 – James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism, which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis.
  • 1851 – The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what would become Seattle, Washington.
  • 1864 – The new Constitution of Greece is adopted.
  • 1887 – Bloody Sunday clashes in central London.
  • 1909 – Collier’s magazine accuses U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of questionable dealings in Alaskan coal fields.
  • 1916 – Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.
  • 1927 – The Holland Tunnel opens to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicular tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City.
  • 1941 – World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal is torpedoed by U 81, sinking the next day.
  • 1942 – World War II: Naval Battle of Guadalcanal – U.S. and Japanese ships engage in an intense, close-quarters surface naval engagement during the Battle of Guadalcanal.
  • 1950 – General Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, President of Venezuela, is assassinated in Caracas.
  • 1954 – Great Britain defeats France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators.
  • 1956 – United States Supreme Court declares Alabama and Montgomery, Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal; thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • 1961 – Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny succeeds Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin as head of the KGB.
  • 1965 – The SS Yarmouth Castle burns and sinks 60 miles off Nassau with the loss of 90 lives.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: Anti-war protesters in Washington, DC stage a symbolic March Against Death.
  • 1970 – Bhola cyclone: A 150-mph tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people in one night. This is regarded as the 20th century’s worst natural disaster.
  • 1971 – The American space probe, Mariner 9, becomes the first spacecraft to orbit another planet successfully, swinging into its planned trajectory around Mars.
  • 1982 – A boxing match held in Las Vegas, Nevada ends when Ray Mancini defeats Duk Koo Kim. Kim’s death on November 17 led to significant changes in the sport.
  • 1982 – The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.
  • 1985 – The volcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts and melts a glacier, causing a lahar (volcanic mudslide) that buries Armero, Colombia, killing approximately 23,000 people.
  • 1985 – Xavier Suarez is sworn in as Miami, Florida’s first Cuban-born mayor.
  • 1990 – The World Wide Web first began.   It was not invented by Al Gore.
  • 1990 – In Aramoana, New Zealand, Resident David Gray shot dead 13 people, in what became known as the Aramoana Massacre.
  • 1994 – Voters in Sweden decide to join the European Union in a referendum.
  • 1995 – A truck-bomb explodes outside of a US-operated Saudi Arabian National Guard training center in Riyadh, killing five Americans and two Indians. A group called the Islamic Movement for Change claims responsibility.
  • 2001 – Doha Round: The World Trade Organization ends a four-day ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar.
  • 2001 – Philippine House Speaker Manuel B. Villar, Jr. passes the articles of impeachment against Philippine President Joseph Estrada.
  • 2001 – War on Terrorism: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.
  • 2002 – Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of the UN Security Council Resolution 1441.
  • 2002 – The oil tanker Prestige sinks off the Galician coast and causes a huge oil spill.
  • 2007 – An explosion hits the south wing of the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Quezon City, killing four people, including Congressman Wahab Akbar, and wounding six.

November 13 – Birthdays:

  • 354 – Saint Augustine of Hippo, North African theologian (d. 430)
  • 1312 – King Edward III of England (d. 1377)
  • 1486 – Johann Eck, German theologian (d. 1543)
  • 1504 – Philipp I of Hesse (d. 1567)
  • 1572 – Cyril Lucaris, Greek theologian (d. 1638)
  • 1699 – Jan Zach, Czech composer and musician (d. 1773)
  • 1710 – Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist (d. 1792)
  • 1714 – William Shenstone, English poet (d. 1763)
  • 1715 – Dorothea Erxleben, German, first female medical doctor (d.1762)
  • 1732 – John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
  • 1760 – Jiaqing, Emperor of China (d. 1820)
  • 1761 – John Moore, British general (d. 1809)
  • 1768 – Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (d. 1844)
  • 1782 – Esaias Tegnér, Swedish writer (d. 1846)
  • 1801 – Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, queen of Prussia (d. 1873)
  • 1801 – Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, queen of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • 1814 – Joseph Hooker, American General (d. 1879)
  • 1826 – Charles Frederick Worth, English-born couturier (d. 1895)
  • 1833 – Edwin Booth, American actor (d. 1893)
  • 1837 – James T. Rapier, American politician (d. 1883)
  • 1838 – Joseph Fielding Smith, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (d. 1918)
  • 1841 – Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Brevet Brigadier General (d. 1913)
  • 1848 – Albert I, Prince of Monaco (d. 1922)
  • 1850 – Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish writer (d. 1894)
  • 1853 – John Drew Jr., American actor (d. 1927)
  • 1856 – Louis Brandeis, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1941)
  • 1866 – Abraham Flexner, American educator (d. 1959)
  • 1869 – Helene Stöcker, German feminist, pacifist and publicist (d. 1943)
  • 1869 – Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian feminist (d. 1962)
  • 1878 – Max Dehn, German mathematician (d. 1952)
  • 1886 – Mary Wigman, German dancer and choreographer (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Edward Buzzell, American film director (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – H. C. Potter, American film and theater director (d. 1977)
  • 1906 – Hermione Baddeley, English actress (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Eva Zeisel, American industrial designer
  • 1907 – Giovanna of Italy, tsaritsa of Bulgaria (d. 2000)
  • 1908 – C. Vann Woodward, American historian (d. 1999)
  • 1910 – William Bradford Huie, American writer and publisher (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Buck O’Neil, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1913 – Jack Dyer, Australian rules footballer (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Lon Nol, Cambodian politician (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Helen Mack, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Alexander Scourby, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1914 – Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Robert Sterling, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Jack Elam, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Jack Narz, American game show host
  • 1922 – Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (d. 1984)
  • 1924 – Linda Christian, Mexican-born actress
  • 1924 – Motoo Kimura, Japanese geneticist (d. 1994)
  • 1926 – Harry Hughes, 57th Governor of Maryland
  • 1927 – Billy Klüver, American scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Steve Bilko, American baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1929 – Fred Phelps, American pastor
  • 1931 – Andrée Lachapelle, French Canadian actress
  • 1932 – Richard Mulligan, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Adrienne Corri, Scottish actress
  • 1934 – Peter Arnett, New Zealand-born American journalist
  • 1934 – Jimmy Fontana, Italian actor, composer and singer
  • 1934 – Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Garry Marshall, American producer, director, writer, and actor
  • 1935 – Tom Atkins, American actor
  • 1935 – George Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1938 – Gérald Godin, French Canadian poet and politician (d. 1994)
  • 1938 – Jean Seberg, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1939 – Karel Brückner, Czech football manager
  • 1939 – Idris Muhammad, American jazz drummer
  • 1940 – Daniel Pilon, Canadian actor
  • 1941 – Eberhard Diepgen, German politician
  • 1941 – Dack Rambo, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Mel Stottlemyre, American baseball player and coach
  • 1942 – John Hammond, American musician
  • 1943 – André-Gilles Fortin, Canadian politician (d. 1977)
  • 1943 – Roberto Boninsegna, Italian footballer
  • 1944 – Timmy Thomas, American musician
  • 1945 – John B. Craig, American diplomat
  • 1945 – Masahiro Hasemi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1947 – Toy Caldwell, American guitarist (The Marshall Tucker Band) (d. 1993)
  • 1947 – Gene Garber, American baseball player
  • 1947 – Joe Mantegna, American actor
  • 1949 – Yoshimi Ishibashi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1949 – Terry Reid, English singer
  • 1950 – Mary Lou Metzger, American singer (The Lawrence Welk Show)
  • 1950 – Gilbert Perreault, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Art Malik, Pakistani-born English actor
  • 1953 – Frances Conroy, American actress
  • 1953 – Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Mexican politician
  • 1953 – Andrew Ranken, English musician (The Pogues)
  • 1953 – Tracy Scoggins, American actress
  • 1954 – Scott McNealy, American CEO of Sun Microsystems
  • 1954 – Chris Noth, American actor
  • 1955 – Whoopi Goldberg, American actress, comedian, and singer
  • 1956 – Ginger Alden, American actress
  • 1957 – Stephen Baxter, English author
  • 1960 – Neil Flynn, American actor
  • 1963 – Vinny Testaverde, American football player
  • 1964 – Steve Wong Ka-Keung, Hong Kong musician Beyond
  • 1967 – Juhi Chawla, Indian actress
  • 1967 – Jimmy Kimmel, American comedian and talk-show host
  • 1967 – Steve Zahn, American actor
  • 1968 – Pat Hentgen, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Lori Berenson, American criminal
  • 1969 – Gerard Butler, Scottish actor
  • 1969 – Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Dutch author
  • 1971 – Noah Hathaway, American actor
  • 1972 – Takuya Kimura, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1973 – Ari Hoenig, American jazz drummer
  • 1975 – Alain Digbeu, French basketball player
  • 1975 – Ivica Dragutinovic, Serbian footballer 975 – Quim, Portuguese footballer
  • 1976 – Hiroshi Tanahashi, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Kelly Sotherton, English heptathlete
  • 1977 – Chanel Cole, Australian singer
  • 1977 – Huang Xiaoming, Chinese actor and singer
  • 1978 – Nikolai Fraiture, American bassist (The Strokes)
  • 1979 – Ron Artest, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Subliminal, Israeli rapper and producer
  • 1980 – Monique Coleman, American actress
  • 1980 – François-Louis Tremblay, Canadian short track speed skater
  • 1981 – Mark Cardona, Filipino basketball player
  • 1981 – Shawn Yue, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1982 – Samkon Gado, American football player
  • 1982 – Koda Kumi, Japanese singer
  • 1982 – Michael Copon, American actor and singer
  • 1985 – Asdrubal Cabrera, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1995 – Stella Hudgens, American actress
  • 1997 – Brent Kinsman, American actor
  • 1997 – Shane Kinsman, American actor

November 13 – Deaths:

  • 867 – Pope Nicholas I
  • 1004 – Abbon of Fleury
  • 1093 – King Malcolm III of Scotland (b. 1031)
  • 1143 – King Fulk of Jerusalem
  • 1170 – Albert I of Brandenburg
  • 1314 – Albert II, Margrave of Meissen
  • 1345 – Constance of Penafiel, wife of Pedro I of Portugal (b. 1323)
  • 1359 – Ivan II of Russia, Grand Prince of Moscow (b. 1326)
  • 1460 – Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese patron of exploration (b. 1394)
  • 1606 – Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (b. 1530)
  • 1619 – Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (b. 1555)
  • 1650 – Thomas May, English poet and historian (b. 1595)
  • 1770 – George Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1712)
  • 1771 – Konrad Ernst Ackermann, German actor (b. 1712)
  • 1862 – Ludwig Uhland, German poet (b. 1787)
  • 1867 – Adolphe Napoleon Didron, French archaeologist (b. 1806)
  • 1868 – Gioacchino Rossini, Italian composer (b. 1792)
  • 1903 – Camille Pissarro, French painter (b. 1830)
  • 1952 – Margaret Wise Brown, American children’s author (b. 1910)
  • 1954 – Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1961 – Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr., American diplomat (b. 1897)
  • 1963 – Margaret Murray, English anthropologist and Egyptologist (b. 1863)
  • 1967 – Harriet Cohen, English pianist (b. 1895)
  • 1973 – Lila Lee, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – Bruno Maderna, Italian/German conductor and composer (b. 1920)
  • 1974 – Vittorio De Sica, Italian film director (b. 1901)
  • 1974 – Karen Silkwood, American activist (b. 1946)
  • 1975 – Olga Berggolts, Russian poet (b. 1910)
  • 1977 – Ingrid Schubert, German terrorist (b. 1944)
  • 1979 – Dimitris Psathas, Greek playwright (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – Hugues Lapointe, Canadian politician, lieutenant governor of Quebec (b. 1911)
  • 1983 – Junior Samples, American comedian (Hee Haw) (b. 1926)
  • 1985 – George Robert Vincent, American sound recording pioneer (b. 1898)
  • 1986 – Thierry Le Luron, French humourist (b. 1952)
  • 1988 – Antal Dorati, Hungarian conductor (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Jaromír Vejvoda, Czech composer (b. 1902)
  • 1989 – Victor Davis, Canadian swimmer (b. 1964)
  • 1991 – Paul-Émile Cardinal Léger, archbishop of Montreal (b. 1904)
  • 1993 – Carey Lloyd (Rufus R. Jones), American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1994 – Motoo Kimura, Japanese geneticist (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Bill Doggett, American pianist and organist (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Swami Rama, Himalayan yoga master (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – André Boucourechliev, French composer (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Dawud M. Mu’Min, American murderer (b. 1953)
  • 1998 – Edwige Feuillère, French actress (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Valerie Hobson, British actress (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Red Holzman, American basketball coach (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Michel Trudeau, Canadian outdoorsman, son of Pierre Trudeau (b. 1975)
  • 1999 – Donald Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers) (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Peggy Mount, English actress (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Rishikesh Shaha, Nepalese politician and writer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Kellie Waymire, American actress (b. 1967)
  • 2004 – John Balance, English musician and artist (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Thomas Foglietta, American politician (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Ol’ Dirty Bastard, American rapper (Wu-Tang Clan) (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – Eddie Guerrero, American/Mexican professional wrestler (b. 1967)
  • 2005 – Vine Deloria, Jr., Native American author, theologian, historian, and activist (b.
  • 1933)
  • 2007 – Wahab Akbar, Filipino politician and Congressman (b. 1960)
  • 2007 – John Doherty, English footballer (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Kazuhisa Inao, Japanese baseball player (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Monty Westmore, American make-up artist. (b. 1923)

November 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Iovis epulum; feast of Feronia
  • R.C. Saints – Bricius of Tours; Mother Cabrini; Saint Homobonus; Stanislaus Kostka, All the Saints of the Premonstratensian Order.
  • Feast day of St. John Chrysostom, archbishop of Constantinople

 

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 12

November 12 – Events:

  • 764 – Tibetan troops occupy Chang’an, the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, for fifteen days.
  • 1028 – Future Byzantine empress Zoe marries Romanus Argyrus according to the wishes of the dying Constantine VIII.
  • 1439 – Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
  • 1555 – The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
  • 1793 – Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
  • 1847 – Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
  • 1892 – William “Pudge” Heffelfinger becomes the first professional American football player, participating in his first paid game for the Allegheny Athletic Association.
  • 1893 – The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan – the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
  • 1905 – (November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
  • 1912 – The frozen bodies of Robert Scott and his men are found on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.
  • 1918 – Austria becomes a republic.
  • 1920 – Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo.
  • 1922 – The Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority is founded on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • 1927 – Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union.
  • 1933 – Hugh Gray takes the first known photos of the Loch Ness Monster.
  • 1936 – In California, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opens to traffic.
  • 1938 – Hermann Göring announces Nazi Germany plans to make Madagascar the “Jewish Homeland”, an idea that actually was first considered by 19th century journalist Theodor Herzl.
  • 1941 – World War II: Temperatures around Moscow drop to -12 ° C and the Soviet Union launches ski troops for the first time against the freezing German forces near the city.
  • 1941 – The Soviet cruiser “Chervona Ukraina” is destroyed during the Battle of Sevastopol.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal between Japanese and American forces begins near Guadalcanal, which would last for three days.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Tromsø, Norway.
  • 1946 – A branch of the Exchange National Bank in Chicago, Illinois opens the first ten drive-up teller windows.
  • 1948 – In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese military and government officials to death, including General Hideki Tojo, for their roles in World War II.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre – Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai
  • 1970 – The Oregon Highway Division attempts to destroy a rotting beached Sperm whale with explosives, leading to the now infamous exploding whale incident.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: As part of Vietnamization, US President Richard M. Nixon sets February 1, 1972 as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.
  • 1979 – Iran hostage crisis: In response to the hostage situation in Tehran, US President Jimmy Carter orders a halt to all petroleum imports into the United States from Iran.
  • 1980 – The NASA space probe Voyager I makes its closest approach to Saturn and takes first images of its rings.
  • 1981 – The Space Shuttle Columbia becomes the first spacecraft to be launched twice.
  • 1982 – In the Soviet Union, Yuri Andropov becomes the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party’s Central Committee, succeeding Leonid I. Brezhnev.
  • 1982 – Lech Walesa, a Solidarity leader, is released from a Polish prison after eleven months.
  • 1990 – Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.
  • 1990 – Tim Berners-Lee publishes a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
  • 1991 – Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.
  • 1993 – Decree of President of Kazakhstan “About introducing national currency of Republic of Kazakhstan” is issued.
  • 1996 – A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakh Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane collide in mid-air near New Delhi, killing 349.
  • 1997 – Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center
  • 1998 – Then Vice President of the United States Al Gore symbolically signs the Kyoto Protocol.
  • 1998 – Daimler-Benz completes a merger with Chrysler to form Daimler-Chrysler.
  • 1999 – The Düzce earthquake strikes Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
  • 2001 – In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
  • 2001 – 2001 Attack on Afghanistan: Taliban forces abandon Kabul, Afghanistan, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance
  • 2003 – Iraq war: In Nasiriya, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 Iraq war are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
  • 2003 – With 501 km/h (311 mph) Shanghai Transrapid sets up a new world record for commercial railway systems.
  • 2006 – The former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a referendum on independence from Georgia.

November 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1493 – Bartolommeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (d. 1560)
  • 1528 – Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (d. 1588)
  • 1547 – Claude of Valois, French princess (d. 1575)
  • 1606 – Jeanne Mance, French Canadian settler (d. 1673)
  • 1615 – Richard Baxter, English clergyman (d. 1691)
  • 1651 – Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican mystic and author (d. 1695)
  • 1729 – Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (d. 1811)
  • 1755 – Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (d. 1813)
  • 1795 – Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (d. 1856)
  • 1815 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American women’s rights activist (d. 1902)
  • 1817 – Bahá’u’lláh, Prophet Founder of the Bahá’í Faith (d. 1892)
  • 1833 – Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and chemist (d. 1887)
  • 1840 – Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (d. 1917)
  • 1842 – John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1848 – Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1919)
  • 1850 – Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)
  • 1866 – Sun Yat-sen, 1st President of the Republic of China (d. 1925)
  • 1881 – Olev Siinmaa, Estonian architect (d. 1948)
  • 1881 – Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1886 – Ben Travers, British playwright (d. 1980)
  • 1889 – DeWitt Wallace, American magazine publisher (d. 1981)
  • 1896 – Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Leon Štukelj, Slovene gymnast (d. 1999)
  • 1903 – Jack Oakie, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1908 – Harry Blackmun, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Amon Göth, commandant of Nazi concentration camp (d. 1946)
  • 1911 – Buck Clayton, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1991)
  • 1915 – Roland Barthes, French critic and writer (d. 1980)
  • 1916 – Jean Papineau-Couture, French Canadian composer (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Paul Emery, British racing driver (d. 1993)
  • 1917 – Jo Stafford, American singer
  • 1920 – Richard Quine, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1922 – Kim Hunter, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Vicco von Bülow, German film director
  • 1924 – Sam Jones, jazz bassist (d. 1981)
  • 1927 – Yutaka Taniyama, Japanese mathematician (d. 1958)
  • 1929 – Michael Ende, German writer (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Princess Grace of Monaco (née Grace Patricia Kelly) (d. 1982)
  • 1930 – Ann Flood, American actress
  • 1931 – Bob Crewe, American songwriter and producer (The Four Seasons)
  • 1934 – Charles Manson, American cult leader
  • 1936 – Mills Lane, American judge and boxing referee
  • 1936 – Mort Shuman, American songwriter and singer (d. 1991)
  • 1938 – Denis DeJordy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1939 – Ruby Nash Curtis, American singer (Ruby & the Romantics)
  • 1939 – Lucia Popp, Slovakian soprano (d. 1993)
  • 1940 – Michel Audet, Quebec economist and politician
  • 1940 – Jürgen Todenhöfer, German politician
  • 1943 – Brian Hyland, American singer
  • 1943 – Wallace Shawn, American actor and playwright
  • 1944 – Booker T. Jones, American musician and songwriter (Booker T and the MG’s)
  • 1944 – Al Michaels, American television sportscaster
  • 1945 – Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author
  • 1945 – Neil Young, Canadian singer and musician
  • 1947 – Ron Bryant, American baseball player
  • 1947 – Patrice Leconte, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Donald Roeser (aka Buck Dharma), American Musician (Blue Öyster Cult)
  • 1948 – Cliff Harris, American football player
  • 1949 – Ron Lapointe, French Canadian ice hockey coach (d. 1992)
  • 1953 – Vasilis Karras, Greek singer
  • 1958 – Nick Stellino, Italian-American television chef
  • 1958 – Megan Mullally, American actress
  • 1959 – Vincent Irizarry, American actor
  • 1960 – Maurane, Belgian singer
  • 1961 – Nadia Comaneci, Romanian gymnast
  • 1961 – Enzo Francescoli, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1961 – Jonathan Nossiter, American film director
  • 1961 – Michaela Paetsch, American violinist
  • 1962 – Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist
  • 1962 – Mark Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Brix Smith, American musician and songwriter (The Fall, The Adult Net)
  • 1962 – Mariella Frostrup, Norwegian born journalist and television presenter
  • 1963 – Susumu Terajima, Japanese actor
  • 1964 – David Ellefson, American musician (Megadeth)
  • 1965 – Lex Lang, American voice actor
  • 1967 – Michael Moorer, American boxer
  • 1967 – Grant Nicholas, British singer (Feeder)
  • 1968 – Glenn Gilberti, American professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Aya Hisakawa, Japanese voice actress/singer
  • 1968 – Sammy Sosa, Dominican Major League Baseball player
  • 1968 – Aaron Stainthorpe, British singer (My Dying Bride)
  • 1969 – Ian Bremmer, American political scientist
  • 1969 – Jason Cundy, English footballer and broadcaster
  • 1969 – Johnny Gosch, American kidnap victim
  • 1969 – Kathleen Hanna, American singer and songwriter
  • 1970 – Donna Adamo, American female professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Tonya Harding, American figure skater
  • 1970 – Craig Parker, New Zealand actor
  • 1970 – Harvey Stephens, British child actor
  • 1972 – Vassilis Tsiartas, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Mayte Garcia, American dancer
  • 1973 – Radha Mitchell, Australian actress
  • 1973 – Tara Strong, Canadian voice actress
  • 1974 – Tamala Jones, American actress
  • 1975 – Nina Brosh, Israeli model and actress
  • 1975 – Angela Watson, American actress
  • 1976 – Tevin Campbell, American R&B musician
  • 1976 – Judith Holofernes, German singer (Wir sind Helden)
  • 1976 – Miroslaw Szymkowiak, Polish footballer
  • 1977 – Dalene Kurtis, American Playboy model
  • 1977 – Benni McCarthy, South African footballer
  • 1978 – Andrew Kinlochan, English singer and musician
  • 1978 – Alexandra Maria Lara, German Romanian actress
  • 1978 – Ashley Williams, American actress
  • 1979 – Matt Cappotelli, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Corey Maggette, American professional basketball player
  • 1979 – Cote de Pablo, Chilean actress
  • 1980 – Trent Acid, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor
  • 1981 – DJ Campbell, English football player
  • 1982 – Anne Hathaway, American actress
  • 1983 – Carlton Cole, football player
  • 1984 – Omarion, American R&B musician
  • 1984 – Sandara Park, South Korean actor
  • 1984 – Natalia Tena, English actress
  • 1986 – Evan Yo, Taiwanese pop singer
  • 1987 – Bryan Little, Canadian ice hockey player

November 12 – Deaths:

  • 607 – Pope Boniface III
  • 1035 – Canute the Great
  • 1094 – King Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
  • 1434 – King Louis III of Naples
  • 1555 – Stephen Gardiner, English statesman
  • 1567 – Anne de Montmorency, Constable of France (b. 1493)
  • 1595 – John Hawkins, English shipbuilder and trader (b. 1532)
  • 1606 – St. Nicholas Owen (martyr), one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
  • 1667 – Hans Nansen, Danish statesman (b. 1598)
  • 1671 – Thomas Fairfax, English Civil War general (b. 1612)
  • 1742 – Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1757 – Colley Cibber, English poet (b. 1671)
  • 1836 – Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (b. 1810)
  • 1916 – Percival Lowell, American amateur astronomer, founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona (b. 1855)
  • 1939 – Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (b. 1890)
  • 1941 – Abe “Kid Twist” Reles, American mobster (b. 1907)
  • 1944 – Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (b. 1876)
  • 1948 – Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (b. 1867)
  • 1955 – Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (b. 1878)
  • 1965 – Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader (b. 1888)
  • 1972 – Rudolf Friml, Czech composer of operettas (b. 1879)
  • 1976 – Walter Piston, American composer (b. 1894)
  • 1976 – Mikhail Iosifovich Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – William Holden, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1984 – Chester Himes, American author (b. 1909)
  • 1990 – Eve Arden, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – H. R. Haldeman, White House Chief of Staff (b. 1926)
  • 1994 – Wilma Rudolph, American runner (b. 1940)
  • 1997 – Carlos Surinach, Spanish composer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Leah Rabin, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Franck Pourcel, French popular orchestra leader (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Tony Miles, English chess player (b. 1955)
  • 2003 – Cameron Duncan, New Zealand director (b. 1986)
  • 2003 – Kay E. Kuter, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Penny Singleton, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Tony Thompson, American drummer (Chic, Power Station) (b. 1954)
  • 2003 – Jonathan Brandis, American actor (b. 1976)
  • 2004 – John Peel, English DJ and Broadcaster (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – William G. Adams, former mayor of St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – General Jacob E. Smart, US Air Force leader World War II (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Khanmohammed Ibrahim, Indian cricketer (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Ira Levin, American novelist (b. 1929)

November 12 – Holidays:

  • National Holiday: Birth of Sun Yat-Sen (observed in China and Taiwan)

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 11

November 11 – Events:

  • 308 – The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.
  • 1215 – The Fourth Lateran Council meets, defining the doctrine of transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are transformed into the body and blood of Christ.
  • 1500 – Treaty of Granada – Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.
  • 1620 – In what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, the Mayflower Compact is signed on the Mayflower, establishing the basic laws for the Plymouth Colony. (Old Style date; November 21 per New Style date.)
  • 1634 – Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes “An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery“.
  • 1673 – Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
  • 1675 – Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function.
  • 1724 – Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking “Thief-Taker General” (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.
  • 1750 – The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, was formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It was the first college fraternity.
  • 1778 – Cherry Valley Massacre: an attack by Loyalists and Seneca Indian forces on a fort and village in eastern New York during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than forty civilians and soldiers.
  • 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein – 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
  • 1831 – In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising.
  • 1839 – The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea – Union General William Tecumseh Sherman begins burning Atlanta, Georgia to the ground in preparation for his march south.
  • 1865 – Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
  • 1880 – Australian Bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol.
  • 1887 – Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel are executed.
  • 1887 – Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • 1889 – Washington is admitted as the 42nd U.S. state.
  • 1911 – Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through.
  • 1918 – World War I ends: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside of Compiègne in France. The war officially stops at 11:00 (The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month).
  • 1918 – Józef Pilsudski comes to Warsaw and assumes supreme military power in Poland. Poland regains its independence.
  • 1918 – Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquishes power.
  • 1919 – The Centralia Massacre in Centralia, Washington results the deaths of four members of the American Legion and the lynching of a local leader of the IWW.
  • 1921 – The Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated by US President Warren G. Harding at Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1924 – Prime Minister Alexandros Papanastasiou proclaims the first Greek Republic.
  • 1926 – U.S. Route 66 is established.
  • 1930 – Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.
  • 1933 – Dust Bowl: In South Dakota, a very strong dust storm strips topsoil from desiccated farmlands.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Taranto – The Royal Navy launches the first aircraft carrier strike in history, on the Italian fleet at Taranto.
  • 1940 – The German cruiser Atlantis captures top secret British mail, and sends it to Japan.
  • 1940 – Armistice Day Blizzard: An unexpected blizzard kills 144 in U.S. Midwest.
  • 1942 – World War II: Nazi Germany completed their occupation of France.
  • 1962 – Kuwait’s National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.
  • 1965 – In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares independence.
  • 1966 – NASA launches spaceship Gemini 12.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to “new left” antiwar activist Tom Hayden.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt initiated. The goal was to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh Trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.
  • 1968 – A second republic is declared in the Maldives.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
  • 1975 – Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam and commissions Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister, and announces a general election to be held in early December.
  • 1992 – The Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
  • 2000 – In Kaprun, Austria, 155 skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel.
  • 2001 – Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they were traveling on top off.
  • 2004 – New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.
  • 2004 – Yasser Arafat is confirmed dead by the Palestine Liberation Organization, of unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
  • 2006 – The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss on soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.

November 11 – Birthdays:

  • 995 – Gisela of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1041)
  • 1050 – Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1106)
  • 1154 – King Sancho I of Portugal (d. 1212)
  • 1155 – King Alfonso VIII of Castile (d. 1214)
  • 1220 – Alphonse of Toulouse, son of Louis VIII of France (d. 1271)
  • 1493 – Paracelsus, doctor (d. 1541)
  • 1493 – Bernardo Tasso, Italian poet (d. 1569)
  • 1599 – Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, Austrian field marshal (d. 1656)
  • 1599 – Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Queen of Sweden (d. 1655)
  • 1633 – George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, British statesman (d. 1695)
  • 1668 – Johann Albert Fabricius, German scholar and bibliographer (d. 1736)
  • 1743 – Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (d. 1828)
  • 1744 – Abigail Adams, First Lady of the United States (d. 1818)
  • 1748 – King Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
  • 1791 – Josef Munzinger, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1855)
  • 1792 – Mary Anne Evans, English wife of Benjamin Disraeli (d. 1872)
  • 1821 – Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (d. 1881)
  • 1828 – Sri Deep Narayan Mahaprabhuji, Hindu saint (d. 1963)
  • 1836 – Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American poet and novelist (d. 1907)
  • 1852 – Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1925)
  • 1858 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (d. 1884)
  • 1863 – Paul Signac, French painter (d. 1935)
  • 1864 – Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1921)
  • 1869 – Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist (d. 1901)
  • 1869 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – David I. Walsh, 46 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1882 – King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1973)
  • 1883 – Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – George Smith Patton, Jr., American general (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Roland Young, American actor (d. 1953)
  • 1891 – Rabbit Maranville, American baseball player (d. 1954)
  • 1898 – Rene Clair, French film director (d. 1981)
  • 1899 – Pat O’Brien, American film actor (d. 1983)
  • 1900 – Halina Konopacka, Polish athlete (d. 1989)
  • 1901 – F. Van Wyck Mason, American author (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Magda Goebbels, wife of Nazi minister of propaganda, Josef Goebbels (d. 1945)
  • 1901 – Sam Spiegel, Austrian-born American film producer (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Alger Hiss, American government official and spy (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (d. 1960)
  • 1909 – Robert Ryan, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1912 – Thomas C. Mann, American diplomat (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Howard Fast, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Henry Wade, American lawyer (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – William Proxmire, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Stubby Kaye, American comic actor (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Kalle Päätalo, Finnish novelist (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Roy Jenkins, British politician (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Terrell Bell, American politician (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – June Whitfield, British comedian
  • 1925 – Jonathan Winters, American comedian and actor
  • 1926 – Harry Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1927 – Mose Allison, American jazz pianist and singer
  • 1928 – Carlos Fuentes, Mexican writer
  • 1928 – Gracita Morales, Spanish actress (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Hans Magnus Enzensberger, German writer
  • 1929 – LaVern Baker, American singer (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Hank Garland, American guitar virtuoso (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Hugh Everett, American physicist (d. 1982)
  • 1930 – Vernon Handley, English conductor
  • 1934 – Jim Perry, American and Canadian television host
  • 1936 – Jack Keller, American songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Stephen Lewis, Canadian politician and diplomat
  • 1938 – Ants Antson, Estonian speed skater
  • 1938 – Haruhiro Yamashita, Japanese gymnast
  • 1939 – Denise Alexander, American actress
  • 1940 – Barbara Boxer, American politician
  • 1941 – Jesse Colin Young, American singer and songwriter (The Youngbloods)
  • 1943 – Doug Frost, Australian swimming coach
  • 1944 – Kemal Sunal,Turkish actor
  • 1945 – Daniel Ortega, President of Nicaragua
  • 1945 – Vince Martell, American guitarist (Vanilla Fudge)
  • 1946 – Chris Dreja, British musician (The Yardbirds)
  • 1946 – Al Holbert, American race car driver and team owner (d. 1988}
  • 1950 – Mircea Dinescu, Romanian poet
  • 1950 – Jim Peterik, American musician and songwriter (Survivor)
  • 1950 – Ed Ordynski, Australian rally driver
  • 1951 – Kim Peek, American megasavant
  • 1951 – Marc Summers, American game show host
  • 1953 – Marshall Crenshaw, American musician
  • 1953 – Andy Partridge, English musician (XTC)
  • 1953 – Kostas Skandalidis, Greek politician
  • 1954 – Mary Gaitskill, American novelist
  • 1955 – Dave Alvin, American songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Luz Casal, Spanish singer
  • 1958 – Carlos Lacamara, Cuban-born American Actor
  • 1959 – Lee Haney, American bodybuilder
  • 1960 – Peter Parros, American actor
  • 1960 – Stanley Tucci, American actor and director
  • 1961 – Jan Kuehnemund, American guitarist
  • 1962 – Mic Michaeli, Swedish keyboardist
  • 1962 – Demi Moore, American actress
  • 1962 – James Morrison, Australian musician
  • 1964 – Judith Edelman, American musician
  • 1964 – Calista Flockhart, American actress
  • 1964 – Anabel Alonso, Spanish actress
  • 1965 – Max Mutchnick, American TV writer and producer
  • 1966 – Alison Doody, Irish actress
  • 1967 – Gil de Ferran, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1968 – David L Cook, American singer and comedian
  • 1969 – Carson Kressley, American television personality
  • 1969 – Kristen Wilson, American actress
  • 1970 – Lee Battersby, Australian author
  • 1971 – Jennifer Celotta, American TV producer and writer
  • 1971 – Paul Chaloner, English TV e-sports commentator
  • 1972 – Adam Beach, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Tyler Christopher, American actor
  • 1972 – Leslie Mann, American actress
  • 1973 – Jason White, American musician (Green Day)
  • 1974 – Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor
  • 1974 – Wajahatullah Wasti, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1974 – Static Major, American singer (d. 2008)
  • 1976 – Lisa Gleave, American actress and model
  • 1976 – Jason Grilli, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Jesse Keeler, Canadian musician
  • 1977 – Ben Hollioake, English cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1977 – Maniche, Portuguese footballer
  • 1978 – Lou Vincent, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1980 – Willie Parker, American football player
  • 1981 – Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  • 1982 – Brittny Gastineau, American socialite
  • 1983 – Philipp Lahm, German footballer
  • 1983 – Matt Garza, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Robin Uthappa, Indian cricket player
  • 1986 – François Trinh-Duc, French rugby player
  • 1987 – Yuya Tegoshi, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS and Tegomass)
  • 1989 – Reina Tanaka, Japanese pop singer

November 11 – Deaths:

  • 397 – Martin of Tours, French saint
  • 405 – Arsacius, intruding archbishop of Constantinople
  • 537 – Pope Silverius, saint
  • 826 – Theodore the Studite, saint
  • 865 – Petronas the Patrician, Byzantine General
  • 1623 – Philippe de Mornay, French writer (b. 1549)
  • 1638 – Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem, Dutch painter (b. 1562)
  • 1686 – Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French general (b. 1621)
  • 1686 – Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician (b. 1602)
  • 1724 – Joseph Blake (alias Blueskin), English highwayman (executed) (b. c. 1700)
  • 1812 – Platon Levshin, Metropoitan of Moscow (b. 1737)
  • 1831 – Nat Turner, American slave rebel (b. 1800)
  • 1855 – Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (b. 1813)
  • 1862 – James Madison Porter, American politician (b. 1793)
  • 1880 – Ned Kelly, Australian bushranger (hanged) (b. c. 1855)
  • 1880 – Lucretia Mott, American feminist and abolitionist (b. 1793)
  • 1884 – Alfred Brehm German zoologist (b. 1827)
  • 1887 – Haymarket defendants:
    • George Engel (b. 1836)
    • Adolph Fischer (b. 1858)
    • Albert Parsons (b. 1848)
    • August Spies (b. 1855)
  • 1917 – Liliuokalani of Hawaii, Queen of Hawaii (b. 1838)
  • 1918 – George Lawrence Price, Canadian soldier, last person to be killed in W.W.I. (b. 1892)
  • 1931 – Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (b. 1840)
  • 1938 – Typhoid Mary, carrier of the typhoid disease (b. 1869)
  • 1939 – Jan Opletal, Czech student, victim of Nazi violence in Prague
  • 1945 – Jerome Kern, American composer (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Berry Oakley, Bass Player and founder, Allman Brothers Band (b. 1948)
  • 1973 – David “Stringbean” Akeman, American banjo player (b. 1915)
  • 1973 – Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1974 – Alfonso Leng, Chilean composer (b. 1894)
  • 1976 – Alexander Calder, American artist (b. 1898)
  • 1977 – Greta Keller, Vienna-born cabaret singer and actress (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Dimitri Tiomkin, Ukrainian-born composer (b. 1894)
  • 1988 – William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor & organist (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – Alexis Minotis, Greek actor (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet, proposed nine times for the Nobel Prize for Literature, winner of the Lenin Peace Prize (b. 1909)
  • 1990 – Attilio Demaría, Argentinian footballer (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Erskine Hawkins, American trumpet player and big band leader (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – John A. Volpe, 61 and 63 Governor of Massachusetts, 2 United States Secretary of Transportation (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Pedro Zamora, Cuban-American AIDS activist (b. 1972)
  • 1994 – Tadeusz Zychiewicz, Polish journalist, art historian and publicist (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Rodney Milburn, American athlete (b. 1950)
  • 1998 – Frank Brimsek, American ice hockey player (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Mary Kay Bergman, American voice actress (b. 1961)
  • 1999 – Jacobo Timmerman, Argentine writer and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Yasser Arafat, Palestinian leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Richard Dembo, French director and screenwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Lord Lichfield, British photographer (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Peter Drucker, American management theorist (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American film producer and director (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Belinda Emmett, Australian actress (b. 1974)
  • 2006 – Harry Lehotsky, pastor and activist (b. 1957)

November 11 – Holidays:

  • Several nations celebrate, in some way, the end of World War I, the ceasefire of which went into effect at 11:00am CET on this day in 1918.
  • Armistice Day in New Zealand, France and Belgium
  • St. Martin’s Day in the Netherlands, Germany, Flanders, Austria and Portugal
  • Veterans Day in the United States (called Armistice Day until 1952, when the name was changed, and the holiday was re-geared toward all military veterans)
  • Remembrance Day in the Commonwealth of Nations, including Australia and Canada.
  • Twins Day (1987) in Taiwan: a festival for biological twins and other multiples. The eleventh day of the eleventh month (11-11) consists of the same numeral in pairs and symbolizes their characteristics.
  • Poland – Independence Day (1918)
  • Colombia – Independence of Cartagena, Colombia, from Spain (1811)
  • Lacplesis Day (1919) in Latvia: the official date for commemoration of Latvian soldiers, who had died for the country’s freedom.
  • Angola – Independence Day (1975) Opening of carnival season in Germany (“Karneval”/”Fasching” on 11-11, at 11:11), the Netherlands, and other countries
  • South Korea – Pepero Day
  • Feast day of:
    • Bartholomew of Grottaferrata in the Roman Catholic Church
    • Martin of Tours in the Roman Catholic Church
    • Saint Mina in the Roman Catholic Church
    • Soren Kierkegaard in the Lutheran Church

 

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