On This Day in History December 15

December 15 – Events:

  • 533 – Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Ticameron.
  • 1167 – Sicilian chancellor Stephen du Perche moves the royal court to Messina to prevent a rebellion.
  • 1256 – Hulagu Khan captures and destroys the Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut in present-day Iran as part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia.
  • 1467 – Stephen III of Moldavia defeats Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, with the latter being  injured thrice, at the Battle of Baia.
  • 1791 – The United States Bill of Rights becomes law when ratified by the Virginia legislature.
  • 1864 – In the Battle of Nashville, Union forces under George H. Thomas almost completely destroy the Army of Tennessee under John B. Hood.
  • 1868 – Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaido.
  • 1891 – James Naismith introduces the first version of basketball, with thirteen rules, a peach basket nailed to either end of his school’s gymnasium, and two teams of nine players.
  • 1913 – Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Serbian Army recaptures Belgrade from the invading Austro- Hungarian Army.
  • 1914 – Gas explosion at Mitsubishi Hojyo coal mine, Kyushu, Japan, 687 killed. This accident is the worst coal mine disaster in Japanese history.
  • 1915 – World War I: Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig replaces John French, 1st Earl of Ypres as Commander-in-Chief of the British Expeditionary Force.
  • 1917 – World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Bolshevik government and the Central Powers.
  • 1941 – Annihilation of Jews in Kharkiv, Ukraine: at temperatures of -15 degrees C below zero near the Rogan works, 8 km away from Kharkiv in “Drobitsky Ravine” (Drobitsky Yar), over 15 000 Jews are shot.
  • 1941 – The American Federation of Labor adopts a no-strike policy in war industries.
  • 1945 – Occupation of Japan: General Douglas MacArthur orders that Shinto be abolished as state religion of Japan.
  • 1960 – King Baudouin of Belgium marries Fabiola Fernanda María de las Victorias Antonia Adelaida de Mora y Aragón in Brussels.
  • 1960 – Richard Paul Pavlick is arrested for attempting to blow up and assassinate the U.S. President-Elect, John F. Kennedy only four days earlier.
  • 1961 – In Jerusalem, Adolph Eichmann is sentenced to death after being found guilty of 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization.
  • 1965 – Gemini program: Gemini 6A, crewed by Wally Schirra and Thomas Stafford, is launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida. Four orbits later, it achieved the first space rendezvous with Gemini 7.
  • 1967 – The Silver Bridge collapses, killing 46 people.
  • 1970 – Illinois State Constitution is adopted at a special election.
  • 1970 – South Korean ferry Namyong Ho capsized off Korean Strait, 308 killed.
  • 1973 – John Paul Getty III, grandson of J. Paul Getty, American billionaire is found alive near Naples, Italy, after being kidnapped by an Italian gang on July 10, 1973
  • 1976 – Samoa becomes a member of the UN.
  • 1978 – President Jimmy Carter announces that the United States will recognize the People’s Republic of China and cutoff all relations with Taiwan
  • 1993 – History of Northern Ireland: The Downing Street Declaration is issued by British Prime Minister John Major and Irish Taoiseach Albert Reynolds.
  • 1994 – Palau becomes a member of the UN.
  • 1995 – The European Communities Court of Justice hands down the “Bosman ruling,” giving EU footballers the right to a free transfer at the end of their contracts, with the provision that they are transferring from one UEFA Federation to another.
  • 1997 – A chartered Tupolev TU-154 from Tajikistan crashes in the desert near Sharja, United Arab Emirates airport killing 85.
  • 2001 – The Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens after 11 years and $27,000,000 to fortify it, without fixing its famous lean.
  •  2005 – Latvia amends its constitution to eliminate possibility of gays and lesbians being entitled to marry.
  • 2005 – Argentina’s president Néstor Kirchner announces the early repayment of its external debt to the IMF.
  • 2005 – Introduction of the F-22 Raptor into USAF active service.
  • 2005 – The 2005 Atlantic Power Outage began.
  • 2006 – First flight of the F-35 Lightning II.

December 15 – Birthdays:

  • 37 – Nero, Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty (d. 68)
  • 1832 – Gustave Eiffel, French engineer and architect (Eiffel tower) (d. 1923)
  • 1852 – Henri Becquerel, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1908)
  • 1859 – L. L. Zamenhof, Polish initiator of Esperanto (d. 1917)
  • 1860 – Niels Ryberg Finsen, Danish physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1904)
  • 1860 – Abner Powell, American baseball player (d. 1953)
  • 1861 – Charles Duryea, American automobile pioneer (d. 1938)
  • 1878 – Hans Carossa, German writer (d. 1956)
  • 1888 – Maxwell Anderson, American writer (d. 1959)
  • 1892 – J. Paul Getty, American oil tycoon (d. 1976)
  • 1896 – Betty Smith, American author (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Harold Abrahams, English sprinter (d. 1978)
  • 1902 – Robert F. Bradford, 57 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Oscar Niemeyer, Brazilian architect
  • 1910 – John H. Hammond, American musician (d. 1987)
  • 1911 – Stan Kenton, American musician (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Ray Eames, American designer (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Roger Gaudry, French Canadian chemist, businessman and corporate director (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (d. 1980)
  • 1916 – Buddy Cole, American pianist (d. 1964)
  • 1916 – Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, linguist and writer of Pakistan (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Jeff Chandler, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 1919 – Max Yasgur, owner of the Woodstock Festival site (d. 1973)
  • 1920 – Kurt Schaffenberger, American comics artist (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Alan Freed, American disc jockey (d. 1965)
  • 1923 – Freeman Dyson, English-born American physicist
  • 1923 – Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Valentin Varennikov, Russian general and statesman
  • 1925 – Sam Pollock, Canadian ice hockey general manager
  • 1925 – Kasey Rogers, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Jerry Wallace, American singer
  • 1929 – Barry Harris, American bebop jazz pianist
  • 1930 – Edna O’Brien, Irish novelist and short story writer
  • 1932 – Jesse Belvin, American musician (d. 1960)
  • 1933 – Bapu, Indian cartoonist, designer and film director
  • 1933 – Tim Conway, American actor and comedian
  • 1933 – Donald Woods, South African journalist and anti-apartheid activist (d. 2001)
  • 1938 – Billy Shaw, American football player
  • 1939 – Cindy Birdsong, American singer (The Supremes)
  • 1940 – Nick Buoniconti, American football player
  • 1942 – Dave Clark, English musician (The Dave Clark Five)
  • 1943 – Kathleen Blanco, American politician
  • 1943 – Lucien den Arend, Dutch artist
  • 1944 – Jim Leyland, American baseball manager
  • 1944 – Chico Mendes, Brazilian campaigner (d. 1988)
  • 1945 – Thaao Penghlis, Australian actor
  • 1946 – Art Howe, American baseball player and manager
  • 1948 – Melanie Chartoff, American actress
  • 1948 – Cassandra Harris, Australian actress (d. 1991)
  • 1949 – Don Johnson, American actor
  • 1952 – Allan Simonsen, Danish footballer
  • 1952 – Julie Taymor, American director
  • 1953 – J. M. DeMatteis, American comic book writer
  • 1955 – Paul Simonon, English bassist (The Clash)
  • 1957 – Mario Marois, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1957 – Mike McAlary, American journalist (d. 1998)
  • 1957 – Yuuichi Nagashima, Japanese voice actor
  • 1957 – Laura Molina, American artist, musician and actress
  • 1960 – Walter Werzowa, Austrian composer
  • 1961 – Karin Resetarits, Austrian journalist
  • 1963 – Andrew Luster, Max Factor heir
  • 1963 – Helen Slater, American actress
  • 1966 – Manos Papayiannis, Greek fashion model and actor
  • 1967 – David Howells, English footballer
  • 1967 – Mo Vaughn, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Javid Hussain, Indian film producer
  • 1968 – Osama Ali Maher, Swedish politician
  • 1968 – Garrett Wang, American actor
  • 1969 – Chantal Petitclerc, Canadian wheelchair athlete
  • 1970 – Frankie Dettori, Italian jockey
  • 1970 – Michael Shanks, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Rodney Harrison, American football player
  • 1972 – Stuart Townsend, Irish actor
  • 1973 – Surya Bonaly, French-born American figure skater1973 – Ryu Seung-wan, South Korean actor and director
  • 1976 – Baichung Bhutia, Indian footballer
  • 1976 – Aaron Miles, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Elix Skipper, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Mark Jansen, Dutch guitarist (Epica) 1978 – Jerome McDougle, American football player
  • 1979 – Adam Brody, American actor
  • 1979 – Eric Young, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Sergio Pizzorno, English guitarist (Kasabian)
  • 1981 – Najoua Belyzel, French singer
  • 1981 – Brendan Fletcher, Canadian actor
  • 1981 – Andy González, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1981 – Thomas Herrion, American football player (d. 2005)
  • 1981 – Creighton Lovelace, American Baptist minister
  • 1982 – Charlie Cox, English actor
  • 1982 – Borja García, Spanish racing driver
  • 1982 – George O. Gore II, American actor
  • 1983 – René Goguen (René Duprée), Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1983 – Ronnie Radke, American singer (Escape the Fate)
  • 1983 – Wang Hao, Chinese table tennis player
  • 1984 – Joshua Third, British Guitarist in The Horrors.
  • 1986 – Snejana Onopka, Ukrainian supermodel
  • 1991 – Eunice Cho, American actress

December 15 – Deaths:

  • 1025 – Basil II, Byzantine Emperor (b. 958)
  • 1072 – Alp Arslan, Turkish sultan in Persia (b. 1029)
  • 1230 – King Otakar I of Bohemia
  • 1263 – King Haakon IV of Norway (b. 1204)
  • 1598 – Philips van Marnix, lord of Sint-Aldegonde, Dutch writer and statesman (b. 1538)
  • 1621 – Charles de Luynes, Constable of France (b. 1578)
  • 1673 – Margaret Cavendish, English writer (b. 1623)
  • 1675 – Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter (b. 1632)
  • 1683 – Izaak Walton, English writer (b. 1593)
  • 1688 – Gaspar Fagel, Dutch statesman (b. 1634)
  • 1715 – George Hickes, English minister and scholar (b. 1642)
  • 1753 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (b. 1694)
  • 1792 – Joseph Martin Kraus, Swedish composer (b. 1756)
  • 1855 – Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (b. 1803)
  • 1890 – Sitting Bull, Sioux nation leader (b. circa 1831)
  • 1943 – Fats Waller, American musician (b. 1904)
  • 1944 – Glenn Miller, American musician (later declared dead on this date, exact date of death unknown) (b. 1904)
  • 1947 – Arthur Machen, Welsh author (b. 1863)
  • 1950 – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian political leader, Iron Man of India (b. 1875)
  • 1958 – Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, Austrian-born American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1962 – Charles Laughton, English actor (b. 1899)
  • 1966 – Walt Disney, American animator (b. 1901)
  • 1968 – Antonio Barrette, Canadian politician, premier of Quebec (b. 1899)
  • 1968 – Jess Willard, American boxer (b. 1881)
  • 1971 – Paul Pierre Lévy, French mathematician (b. 1886)
  • 1974 – Anatole Litvak, Ukrainian-born screenwriter and film producer (b. 1902)
  • 1977 – Wilfred Kitching, the 7th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Chill Wills, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1984 – Lennard Pearce, English actor (b. 1915)
  • 1984 – Jan Peerce, American tenor (b. 1904)
  • 1989 – Arnold Moss, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1989 – Edward Underdown, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Vasily Grigoryevich Zaitsev, Soviet sniper (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Russ Haas, American professional wrestler (b. 1974)
  • 2001 – Rufus Thomas, American musician (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – George Fisher, American political cartoonist (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Keith Magnuson, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1947)
  • 2004 – Pauline Gore, mother of Al Gore (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Heinrich Gross, Austrian physician (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Stan Leonard, Canadian golfer (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – William Proxmire, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Darrell Russell, American football player (b. 1976)
  • 2006 – Clay Regazzoni, Swiss Formula One driver (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – John Berg (actor), American actor (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Julia Carson, U.S. Congresswoman from Indiana (b. 1938)

December 15 – Holidays :

  • Roman festivals – Consualia in honor of Consus is held.
  • Bill of Rights Day, as stated by Franklin Roosevelt.

 

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On This Day in History December 14

December 14 – Events:

  • 1287 – St. Lucia’s flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses, killing over  50,000 people.
  • 1542 – Princess Mary Stuart becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland.
  • 1702 (according to the old calendar; January 30, 1703 by the new calendar) – The Fortyseven Ronin, under the command of Oishi Kuranosuke, avenge the death of their master.
  • 1751 – The Theresian Military Academy is founded as the first Military Academy in the world.
  • 1782 – The Montgolfier brothers first balloon lifts on its first test flight.
  • 1819 – Alabama becomes the 22nd U.S. state.
  • 1825 – Advocates of Liberalism in Russia rise up against Tsar Nicholas I and are put down in the Decembrist Revolt in St. Petersburg.
  • 1836 – The Toledo War unofficially ends.
  • 1896 – The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company.
  • 1900 – Quantum Mechanics: Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his  blackbody radiation law.
  • 1902 – The Commercial Pacific Cable Company lays the first Pacific telegraph cable, from Ocean Beach, San Francisco to Honolulu, Hawaii.
  • 1903 – The Wright Brothers make their first attempt to fly with the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
  • 1907 – The schooner Thomas W. Lawson runs aground and founders near the Hellweather’s Reef within the Scilly Isles in a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die.
  • 1911 – Roald Amundsen’s team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, becomes the first to reach the South Pole.
  • 1914 – Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • 1918 – Friedrich Karl von Hessen, a German prince elected by the Parliament of Finland to become King Väinö I, renounces the Finnish throne.
  • 1939 – Winter War: The Soviet Union is expelled from the League of Nations.
  • 1941 – German military commander of Kharkiv, Ukraine issues an order, under which the Jewish population was to move to the city periphery within 2 days, into the barracks of the works of a machine factory. In the next days 15,000 Jews are shot at Drobitsky Yar.
  • 1941 – World War II: Japan signs treaty of alliance with Thailand.
  • 1946 – The UN General Assembly votes to establish its headquarters in New York City.
  • 1947 – The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is founded in Daytona Beach, Florida.
  • 1955 – Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Portugal, Romania and Spain join the United Nations.
  • 1958 – The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first expedition to reach The Pole of Relative Inaccessibility in the Antarctic.
  • 1962 – NASA’s Mariner 2 becomes the first spacecraft to fly by Venus.
  • 1964 – American Civil Rights Movement: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States – The United States Supreme Court rules that the U.S. Congress can use its Commerce Clause power to fight discrimination.
  • 1972 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) of Apollo 17. This was the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th century.
  • 1981 – Arab-Israeli conflict: Israel’s Knesset passes The Golan Heights Law, extending Israeli law to the area of the Golan Heights.
  • 1995 – Yugoslav Wars: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris by leaders of various governments.
  • 2003 – President of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf narrowly escapes an assassination attempt.
  • 2004 – The Millau viaduct, the highest bridge in the world, near Millau, France is officially opened.

December 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1009 – Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (d. 1045)
  • 1503 – Nostradamus, French astrologer (d. 1566)
  • 1546 – Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer and alchemist (d. 1601)
  • 1625 – Barthélemy d’Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (d. 1695)
  • 1631 – Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway, English philosopher (d. 1679)
  • 1640 – (baptism date) – Aphra Behn, English playwright and novelist (d. 1689)
  • 1678 – Daniel Neal, English historian (d. 1743)
  • 1720 – Justus Möser, German statesman (d. 1794)
  • 1775 – Philander Chase, American founder of Kenyon College (d. 1852)
  • 1775 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (d. 1860)
  • 1784 – Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias (d. 1806)
  • 1787 – Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1816)
  • 1824 – Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1866 – Roger Fry, English artist and art critic (d. 1934)
  • 1870 – Karl Renner, President of Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1881 – Katherine MacDonald, American actress and film producer (d. 1956)
  • 1884 – Jane Cowl, American actress and playwright (d. 1950)
  • 1895 – Paul Eluard, French poet (d. 1952)
  • 1895 – King George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 1952)
  • 1896 – Jimmy Doolittle, American General (d. 1993)
  • 1897 – Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (d. 1995)
  • 1897 – Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (d. 1977)
  • 1902 – Frances Bavier, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Morey Amsterdam, American comedian and actor (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Claude Davey, Welsh rugby union footballer
  • 1908 – Mária Szepes, Hungarian authoress (d. 2007)
  • 1909 – Edward Tatum, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1911 – Spike Jones, American comedian and musician (d. 1965)
  • 1911 – Hans von Ohain, German/American aerospace engineer (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Dan Dailey, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1914 – Karl Carstens, President of Germany (d. 1992)
  • 1914 – Attila Petschauer, Hungarian fencer (d. 1943)
  • 1914 – Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Shirley Jackson, American writer (d. 1965)
  • 1917 – C.-H. Hermansson, Swedish communist leader
  • 1917 – June Taylor, American choreographer (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Elyse Knox, American Actress
  • 1918 – James T. Aubrey, American television executive (d. 1994)
  • 1918 – B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate
  • 1920 – Clark Terry, American trumpeter
  • 1922 – Nikolay Basov, Soviet physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Don Hewitt, American creator of 60 Minutes
  • 1923 – Gerard Reve, Dutch writer
  • 1924 – Raj Kapoor, Indian actor (d. 1988)
  • 1925 – Sam Jones, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • 1927 – Richard Cassilly, American tenor (d.1998)
  • 1931 – Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Abbe Lane, American singer and actress
  • 1932 – Charlie Rich, American musician (d. 1995)
  • 1935 – Lewis Arquette, American film actor, writer and producer (d. 2001)
  • 1935 – Lee Remick, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1938 – Leonardo Boff, Brazilian theologian
  • 1939 – Ernie Davis, American football player (d. 1963)
  • 1940 – Lex Gold, Scottish football administrator
  • 1941 – Karan Armstrong, American soprano
  • 1941 – Ellen Willis, American journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Zoe Laskari, Greek actress
  • 1943 – Emmett Tyrrell, American magazine publisher
  • 1946 – Jane Birkin, English-born French actress and singer
  • 1946 – Patty Duke, American actress
  • 1946 – Ruth Fuchs, East German athlete
  • 1946 – Michael Ovitz, American film producer
  • 1946 – Stan Smith, American tennis player
  • 1946 – Joyce Vincent Wilson, American singer (Tony Orlando and Dawn)
  • 1947 – Christopher Parkening, American guitarist
  • 1947 – Linda Sutton, English artist
  • 1948 – Lester Bangs, American music journalist (d. 1982)
  • 1948 – Dee Wallace-Stone, American actress
  • 1949 – Bill Buckner, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Cliff Williams, English bassist (AC/DC)
  • 1951 – Jan Timman, Dutch chess grandmaster
  • 1952 – Germain Houde, French Canadian actor
  • 1953 – Vijay Amritraj, Indian tennis player
  • 1953 – René Eespere, Soviet-born Estonian composer
  • 1953 – Vangelis Meimarakis, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1953 – Mikael Odenberg, Swedish politician
  • 1954 – James Horan, American actor
  • 1954 – Alan Kulwicki, American NASCAR driver (d. 1993)
  • 1954 – Steven MacLean, Canadian astronaut
  • 1956 – Hanni Wenzel, Liechtenstein skier
  • 1957 – Gary Ferris, American author
  • 1958 – Mike Scott, Scottish singer-songwriter (The Waterboys)
  • 1958 – Spider Stacy, English musician (The Pogues)
  • 1959 – Jorge Vaca, Mexican boxer
  • 1960 – Bob Paris, American bodybuilder and gay rights advocate
  • 1960 – Chris Waddle, English footballer
  • 1962 – Ginger Lynn (Ginger Lynn Allen), American adult film actress
  • 1963 – Cynthia Gibb, American actress
  • 1965 – Craig Biggio, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Ken Hill, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Fabrizio Giovanardi, Italian racecar driver
  • 1966 – Bill Ranford, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Tim Skold, Swedish/American musician
  • 1967 – Ewa Bialolecka, Polish writer
  • 1969 – Scott Hatteberg, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Nadine Garner, Australian actress
  • 1970 – Anna Maria Jopek, Polish singer
  • 1970 – Beth Orton, English singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Natascha McElhone, English actress
  • 1972 – Eric Anderson, American musical theatre actor
  • 1972 – Marcus Jensen, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Tomasz Radzinski, Polish-born Canadian soccer player
  • 1973 – Tia Texada, American actress and singer
  • 1973 – Thuy Trang, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1974 – Billy Koch, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Justin Furstenfeld, American rock singer
  • 1976 – Leland Chapman, American bounty hunter
  • 1976 – André Couto, Portuguese racing driver
  • 1976 – Santiago Ezquerro, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – KaDee Strickland, American actress
  • 1978 – Kim St-Pierre, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Radu Sârbu, Moldovan singer (O-Zone)
  • 1978 – Patty Schnyder, Swiss tennis player
  • 1979 – Sophie Monk, Australian actress, singer, and model
  • 1979 – Michael Owen, English footballer
  • 1980 – Frankie J, American singer
  • 1980 – Tata Young, Thai-American singer
  • 1980 – Didier Zokora, Ivorian footballer
  • 1981 – Amber Chia, Malaysian model and actress
  • 1981 – Emilie Heymans, Canadian diver
  • 1981 – Johnny Jeter, American professional  wrestler
  • 1981 – Shaun Marcum, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Josh Fields, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Steve Sidwell, English footballer
  • 1982 – Anthony Way, English singer and actor
  • 1984 – Chris Brunt, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1984 – Edward Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1985 – Jakub Blaszczykowski, Polish footballer
  • 1985 – Julio Pimentel, Dominican baseball player
  • 1985 – Tom Smith, Welsh rugby union footballer
  • 1985 – Nonami Takizawa, Japanese actress
  • 1988 – Nicolas Batum, French basketball player
  • 1988 – Vanessa Hudgens, American singer and actress
  • 1989 – Pedro Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1992 – Tori Kelly, American singer
  • 1995 – Princess Olimpia Preslavska of Bulgaria

December 14 – Deaths:

  • 1460 – Guarino da Verona(b. 1370)
  • 1476 – Vlad III the Impaler (b. 1431)
  • 1510 – Friedrich of Saxony (b. 1473)
  • 1542 – King James V of Scotland (b. 1512)
  • 1553 – Hanibal Lucic, Croatian writer (b. 1485)
  • 1591 – Saint John of the Cross, Spanish friar and poet (b. 1542)
  • 1624 – Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English statesman (b. 1536)
  • 1651 – Pierre Dupuy, French scholar (b. 1582)
  • 1713 – Thomas Rymer, English historian (b. 1641)
  • 1715 – Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1636)
  • 1735 – Thomas Tanner, English bishop and antiquarian (b. 1674)
  • 1741 – Charles Rollin, French historian (b. 1661)
  • 1788 – Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer (b. 1714)
  • 1788 – King Charles III of Spain (b. 1716)
  • 1799 – George Washington, first President of the United Statesdies in his residence Mount Vernon due to throat infection (b. 1732)
  • 1838 – Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (b. 1806)
  • 1860 – George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
  • 1861 – Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, consort of Queen Victoria (b. 1819)
  • 1865 – Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist (b. 1794)
  • 1873 – Louis Agassiz, Swiss-born American zoologist and geologist (b. 1807)
  • 1902 – Julia Grant, wife of President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant (b. 1826)
  • 1920 – George Gipp, American football player (b. 1895)
  • 1927 – Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (b. 1842)
  • 1935 – Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (b. 1902)
  • 1947 – Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)
  • 1947 – Edward Higgins, General of The Salvation Army (b. 1864)
  • 1956 – Juho Kusti Paasikivi, president of Finland (b. 1870)
  • 1963 – Dinah Washington, American singer (b. 1924)
  • 1964 – William Bendix, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1970 – Franz Schlegelberger, German Nazi politician (b. 1876)
  • 1971 – Dick Tiger, Nigerian-born boxer (b. 1929)
  • 1974 – Walter Lippman, American writer, journalist, and political commentator (b. 1889)
  • 1975 – Arthur Treacher, English actor (b. 1894)
  • 1978 – Salvador de Madariaga, Spanish diplomat, writer, historian and pacifist (b. 1886)
  • 1984 – Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer and Nobel laureate (b. 1898)
  • 1985 – Catherine Doherty, social justice activist (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Roger Maris, American baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 1989 – Jock Mahoney, American actor and stuntman (b. 1919)
  • 1989 – Andrei D. Sakharov, Russian physicist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1921)
  • 1990 – Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss writer (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – Jeff Alm, American football player (b. 1968)
  • 1993 – Myrna Loy, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Orval Faubus, Governor of Arkansas (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Gaston Miron, French Canadian poet and editor (b. 1928)
  • 1997 – Stubby Kaye, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Kurt Winter, Canadian musician (The Guess Who) (b. 1946)
  • 1998 – Norman Fell, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr., American civil rights activist and author (b. 1928)
  • 1998 – Annette Strauss, American philanthropist (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – W. G. Sebald, German writer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Jeanne Crain, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Blas Ople, foreign minister of the Philippines (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Fernando Poe, Jr., Filipino actor and presidential candidate (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Trevanian, American author (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Anton Balasingham, chief political strategist of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Ahmet Ertegün, co-founder of Atlantic Records (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Mike Evans, American actor (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Ali Shafeya, Iraqi journalist (b. 1984)

December 14 – Holidays or Events:

  • You know, I couldn’t find any for this date!

 

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On This Day in History December 13

December 13 – Events:

  • 1294 – Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
  • 1545 – Council of Trent begins.
  • 1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets out from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
  • 1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.
  • 1642 – Abel Janszoon Tasman reaches New Zealand.
  • 1643 – English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • 1769 – Dartmouth College is founded by the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, with a Royal Charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal Governor John Wentworth.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats the Union Major General Ambrose E. Burnside.
  • 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing – Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese.
  • 1937 – Nanjing Massacre. Japanese troops begin carrying out several weeks of raping and killing of civilians and suspected Chinese resistance after the fall of Nanjing.
  • 1938 – The Holocaust: 100 deportees from Sachsenhausen build the Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg.
  • 1939 – World War II: Battle of the River Plate – Captain Hans Langsdorff of the German Deutschland class cruiser (pocket battleship) Admiral Graf Spee engages with Royal Navy cruisers HMS Exeter, HMS Ajax and HMNZS Achilles.
  • 1941 – World War II: Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States.
  • 1943 – World War II: 710 Bombers of U.S. 8th Air Force attack Kiel, Germany.
  • 1949 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
  • 1959 – Archbishop Makarios becomes the first President of Cyprus.
  • 1951 – Margaret Thatcher (Roberts) marries Denis Thatcher at City Methodist in London.
  • 1962 – NASA “Relay 1″ launch, first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
  • 1967 – Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels
  • 1967 – San Diego, CA records snow at a zero elevation after temperatures plunge 19 degrees (F) in eight hours.
  • 1972 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt begin the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or “Moonwalk” of Apollo 17. This was the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th century.
  • 1974 – Malta becomes a republic.
  • 1977 – A DC-3 aircraft chartered from the Indianapolis-based National Jet crashes near Evansville Regional Airport, killing 29, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support staff and boosters of the team.
  • 1979 – The Canadian Government of Prime Minister Joe Clark is defeated in the House of Commons, prompting the 1980 Canadian election.
  • 1981 – General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland to prevent dismantling of the communist system by Solidarity.
  • 1989 – The last issue of Gnistan (The Spark), the organ of the Solidaritetspartiet, is published in Sweden.
  • 1996 – Kofi Annan is elected as Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • 2000 – The “Texas 7″ escape from the John Connally Unit near Kenedy, Texas and go on a robbery spree, during which police officer Aubrey Hawkins is shot and killed.
  • 2000 – American Vice President Al Gore delivers his concession speech effectively ending his hopes of becoming the 43rd President of the United States.
  • 2001 – the Indian Parliament Sansad is attacked by terrorists. 15 people are killed, including all the terrorists.
  • 2002 – Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004.
  • 2003 – Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit.
  • 2004 – Former Chilean dictator, General Augusto Pinochet is put under house arrest, after being sued under accusations over 9 kidnapping actions and manslaughter. The house arrest is lifted the same day on appeal.
  • 2006 – The Baiji, or Chinese River Dolphin, announced as extinct.
  • 2007 – The Mitchell Report is publicly released listing the names 89 Major League Baseball players that have presumably used anabolic steroids and human growth hormones.

December 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1521 – Pope Sixtus V (d. 1590)
  • 1533 – King Eric XIV of Sweden (d. 1577)
  • 1553 – King Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
  • 1585 – William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)
  • 1640 – Robert Plot, English naturalist (d. 1696)
  • 1662 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (d. 1729)
  • 1678 – Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735)
  • 1720 – Carlo Gozzi, Italian dramatist (d. 1804)
  • 1724 – Franz Aepinus, German scientist (d. 1802)
  • 1784 – Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
  • 1797 – Heinrich Heine, German poet (d. 1856)
  • 1804 – Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (d. 1873)
  • 1816 – Ernst Werner von Siemens, German engineer, inventor, and industrialist (d. 1892)
  • 1818 – Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (d. 1882)
  • 1836 – Franz von Lenbach, German painter (d. 1904)
  • 1856 – Svetozar Boroevic, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1920)
  • 1860 – Lucien Guitry, French actor (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Emil Seidel, Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian explorer and scientist (d. 1917)
  • 1870 – Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (d. 1940)
  • 1871 – Emily Carr, Canadian artist (d. 1945)
  • 1874 – Josef Lhévinne, Russian-born pianist (d. 1944)
  • 1883 – Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer and archivist (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – George Polya, Hungarian-born mathematician (d. 1985)
  • 1887 – Alvin York, American soldier & Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
  • 1897 – Drew Pearson, American journalist (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Carlos Montoya, Spanish guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – Sir Laurens van der Post, South African author (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Van Heflin, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and Bank of Sweden Prize winner (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet and painter (d. 1972)
  • 1913 – Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Archie Moore, American boxer (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Curd Jürgens, German-born Austrian actor (d. 1982)
  • 1915 – Ross Macdonald, American-born author (d. 1983)
  • 1915 – B. J. Vorster, Prime Minister of South Africa 1966-1978 (d. 1983)
  • 1917 – John Hart, American actor
  • 1919 – Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)
  • 1920 – George Shultz, United States Secretary of State 1982-1989
  • 1923 – Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1923 – Larry Doby, American baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Dick Van Dyke, American actor and comedian
  • 1926 – George Rhoden, Jamaican athlete
  • 1929 – Christopher Plummer, Canadian actor
  • 1930 – Robert Prosky, American actor
  • 1934 – Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer
  • 1935 – Joe Christopher, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Ken Hall, American football player
  • 1935 – Lindy McDaniel, American baseball player
  • 1936 – His Highness Prince Karim Aga Khan (Aga Khan IV), Imam (leader) of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims
  • 1936 – J. C. Martin, American baseball player
  • 1937 – Ron Taylor, Canadian baseball player
  • 1938 – Alvin Curran, American composer
  • 1939 – Eric Flynn, British actor and singer (d. 2002)
  • 1941 – John Davidson, American actor and game show host
  • 1942 – Anna Eshoo, American politician
  • 1943 – Ferguson Jenkins, Canadian baseball player
  • 1943 – Gösta Winbergh, Swedish tenor (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Hwang Jang Lee, Korean martial artist and film actor
  • 1945 – Kathy Garver, American actress
  • 1945 – Brian McGuire, Australian racing driver (d. 1977)
  • 1947 – Darlene Cates, American actress
  • 1947 – Dave Hamilton, American baseball player
  • 1948 – Jeff Baxter, American guitarist (Steely Dan, The Doobie Brothers)
  • 1948 – Ted Nugent, American guitarist
  • 1948 – Brian Wilson, Scottish politician
  • 1949 – Tom Verlaine, American singer/guitarist of Television
  • 1949 – Randy Owen, lead vocals, rhythm guitar for Alabama
  • 1949 – Paula Wilcox, English actress
  • 1950 – Wendie Malick, American actress
  • 1950 – Tom Vilsack, Governor of Iowa
  • 1952 – Sylvester Ritter (Junkyard Dog), American professional wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Ben Bernanke, American economist and United States Chairman of the Federal Reserve
  • 1953 – Bill Castro, Dominican baseball player
  • 1953 – Bob Gainey, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1954 – John Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1954 – Tamora Pierce, American author
  • 1956 – Dale Berra, American baseball player
  • 1957 – Steve Buscemi, American actor
  • 1957 – Morris Day, American singer (The Time)
  • 1957 – Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman
  • 1958 – Lynn-Holly Johnson, American figure skater and actress
  • 1959 – Jim Barrell, American professional wrestler
  • 1959 – Johnny Whitaker, American actor
  • 1960 – Daggubati Venkatesh, Indian actor
  • 1961 – Harry Gregson-Williams, English composer
  • 1961 – Irene Saez, Miss Universe 1981 and Venezuelan politician
  • 1961 – Gary Zimmerman, former NFL offensive lineman
  • 1962 – Roger Ilegems, Belgian track cyclist and road bicycle racer
  • 1962 – Kendra Slewenski, English netballer
  • 1964 – Hide, Japanese musician (X Japan) (d. 1998)
  • 1965 – Marko Mäetamm, Estonian artist
  • 1966 – Ross Burden, New Zealand celebrity chef
  • 1966 – Don Roff, American writer and filmmaker
  • 1967 – Jamie Foxx, American actor
  • 1967 – Bo Pelini, American football coach
  • 1968 – Tony Curran, Scottish actor
  • 1969 – Sergei Fedorov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Murat Nasyrov, Russian singer (d. 2007)
  • 1973 – Christie Clark, American actress
  • 1974 – Sara Cox, English TV and radio presenter
  • 1974 – Nicholas McCarthy, English guitarist (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1975 – Bates Battaglia, National Hockey League player
  • 1975 – Tom DeLonge, American guitarist (blink-182, Angels & Airwaves)
  • 1975 – Matthew LeCroy, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Josh Fogg, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Radoslaw Sobolewski, Polish footballer
  • 1976 – Søren Friis, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Peter Stringer, Irish rugby union footballer
  • 1978 – Ryo Kawakita, Japanese guitarist (Maximum the Hormone)
  • 1981 – Amy Lee, American singer/songwriter (Evanescence)
  • 1982 – Anthony Callea, Australian singer/songwriter
  • 1982 – Ricky Nolasco, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Tuka Rocha, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1982 – Freddie Weinke, American football player
  • 1982 – Dominik Werling, German footballer
  • 1983 – Matt Deis, American bassist
  • 1983 – Otylia Jedrzejczak, Polish swimmer
  • 1988 – Darcy Blake, Welsh footballer
  • 1989 – Taylor Swift, American singer/songwriter
  • 1991 – Jay Greenberg, American composer
  • 2005 – Prince Aymeric of Belgium
  • 2005 – Prince Nicolas of Belgium

December 13 – Deaths:

  • 1048 – Al-Biruni, Persian mathematician (b. 973)
  • 1124 – Pope Callixtus II
  • 1126 – Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1204 – Maimonides, Spanish rabbi and philosopher (b. 1135)
  • 1250 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1194)
  • 1404 – Albert, Count of Holland (b. 1336)
  • 1466 – Donatello, Florentine artist and sculptor (b. 1386)
  • 1516 – Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (b. 1462)
  • 1521 – Manuel I of Portugal (b. 1469)
  • 1557 – Niccolo Fontana Tartaglia, Italian mathematician
  • 1565 – Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist (b. 1516)
  • 1603 – François Viète, French mathematician (b. 1540)
  • 1621 – Katarina Stenbock, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
  • 1716 – Charles de La Fosse, French painter (b. 1640)
  • 1721 – Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway (b. 1676)
  • 1729 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher (b. 1676)
  • 1754 – Mahmud I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1696)
  • 1769 – Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet (b. 1715)
  • 1783 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)
  • 1784 – Samuel Johnson, English writer and lexicographer (b. 1709)
  • 1814 – Charles Joseph, Prince de Ligne, Belgian-born Austrian field marshal (b. 1735)
  • 1835 – John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1760)
  • 1837 – Herman of Alaska, Russian Orthodox hermit (b. 1756)
  • 1863 – Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German writer (b. 1813)
  •  1868 – Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist (b. 1794)
  • 1881 – August Senoa, Croatian writer (b. 1838)
  • 1883 – Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1895 – Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (b. 1800)
  • 1919 – Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (b. 1850)
  • 1922 – Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic politician and poet (b. 1861)
  • 1924 – Samuel Gompers, American labor and political leader, founder of AFL (b. 1850)
  • 1930 – Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1931 – Gustave le Bon, French psychologist (b. 1840)
  • 1932 – Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter (b. 1853)
  • 1934 – Thomas A. Watson, American assistant to Alexander Graham Bell (b. 1854)
  • 1935 – Victor Grignard, French chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1940 – Jacques-Arsène d’Arsonval, French physicist (b. 1851)
  • 1940 – George Regas, Greek actor (b. 1890)
  • 1942 – Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1944 – Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-born French artist (b. 1866)
  • 1944 – Lupe Vélez, Mexican actress (b. 1908)
  • 1945 – Irma Grese, Nazi war criminal (b. 1923)
  • 1945 – Josef Kramer, commandant of Bergen Belsen concentration camp (b. 1906)
  • 1945 – Elisabeth Volkenrath, supervisor at concentration camps (b. 1919)
  • 1947 – Nicholas Roerich, Russian-born painter (b. 1874)
  • 1950 – Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1902)
  • 1954 – John Raymond Hubbell, American writer (b. 1879)
  • 1955 – Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1958 – Tim Moore, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1961 – Grandma Moses, American painter (b. 1860)
  • 1962 – Harry Barris, American popular singer (b. 1905)
  • 1969 – Raymond A. Spruance, American admiral (b. 1886)
  • 1969 – Spencer Williams, Jr., American actor (b. 1893)
  • 1973 – Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1979 – Jon Hall, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1981 – Pigmeat Markham, American entertainer (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Alexander Schmemann, Orthodox Christian priest and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Nichita Stanescu, Romanian poet (b. 1933
  • 1992 – K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (b. 1899)
  • 1992 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and heir (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Vanessa Duriès, French novelist (b. 1972)
  • 1994 – Norman Beaton, Guyanese actor (b. 1934)
  • 2001 – Chuck Schuldiner, American musician (Death) (b. 1967)
  • 2002 – Zal Yanovsky, Canadian musician (The Lovin’ Spoonful) (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – William V. Roth, Jr., U.S. Senator (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Andre Rodgers, Bahamian baseball player (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – David Wheeler, English computer scientist (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Timothy Jordan II, American musician (The All American Rejects, Jonezetta) (b. 1981)
  • 2005 – Stanley Tookie Williams, co-founder of the Crips (b. 1953)
  • 2006 – Lamar Hunt, American sports executive (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Floyd Red Crow Westerman, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2007 – Mark Partridge, Rhodesian politician

December 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Tellus was worshipped in the district Carinae at the Esquiline Hill, and a lectisternium or table was spread for Ceres.
  • In the Julian calendar before the Gregorian reform, this was the shortest day and longest night, and widely celebrated as such.
  • Malta – Republic Day (since 1974)
  • Saint Lucy’s Day in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and some regions of Italy, mainly Sicily, Veneto and Trentino.

 

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On This Day in History December 12

December 12 – Events:

  • 627 – Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II’s Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh.
  • 1098 – First Crusade: Massacre of Ma’arrat al-Numan – Crusaders breach the town’s walls and massacre about 20,000 inhabitants. After finding themselves with insufficient food, they resort to cannibalism.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Second Battle of Ushant – A Royal Navy squadron, commanded by Rear Admiral Richard Kempenfelt in HMS Victory, defeats a French fleet.
  • 1812 – French invasion of Russia comes to an end.
  • 1862 – USS Cairo sinks on the Yazoo River, becoming the first armored ship to be sunk by an electrically detonated mine.
  • 1870 – Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina becomes the first black U.S. congressman.
  • 1897 – Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1901 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal at Signal Hill in St John’s, Newfoundland.
  • 1911 – Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
  • 1914 – The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%.
  • 1915 – President of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai announces his intention to reinstate the monarchy and proclaim himself Emperor of China.
  • 1917 – In Nebraska, Father Edward J. Flanagan founds Boys Town as a farm village for wayward boys.
  • 1925 – The Majlis of Iran votes to crown Reza Khan as the new Shah of Persia.
  • 1936 – Xi’an Incident: The Generalissimo of the Republic of China, Chiang Kai-shek is kidnapped by Zhang Xueliang.
  • 1937 – Panay incident: Japanese aircraft shell and sink US gunboat Panay on the Yangtze River in China.
  • 1939 – Winter War: Battle of Tolvajärvi – Finnish forces defeat those of the Soviet Union in their first major victory of the conflict.
  • 1940 – World War II: Approximately 70 people are killed in the Marples Hotel, Fitzalan Square, Sheffield as a result of a German air raid.
  • 1941 – World War II: Fifty four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field, Philippines. Jesus Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off; Cesar Basa is killed.
  • 1941 – World War II: USMC F4F “Wildcats” sink the first 4 major Japanese ships off Wake Island.
  • 1941 – World War II: Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria. Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. India declares war on Japan.
  • 1942 – A fire in a hostel in St. John’s, Newfoundland kills 100 people.
  • 1946 – A fire at a New York City ice plant spreads to a nearby tenement killing 37 people.
  • 1948 – Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali Massacre – 14 members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaysia allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.
  • 1950 – Paula Ackerman, the first woman appointed to perform rabbinical functions in the United States, leads the congregation in her first services.
  • 1956 – Commencement of the Irish Republican Army’s Border Campaign.
  • 1963 – Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1964 – Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta becomes the first President of the Republic of Kenya.
  • 1969 – Strategia della tensione: Piazza Fontana bombing – The offices of Banca Nazionale dell’Agricoltura in Piazza Fontana, Milan, are bombed.
  • 1979 – Coup d’état of December Twelfth: South Korean Army Major General Chun  Doohwan orders the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Jeong Seung-hwa without authorization from President Choi Kyu-ha, alleging involvement in the assassination of ex-President Park Chung Hee.
  • 1979 – President of Pakistan, Zia-ul-Haq, confers Nishan-e-Imtiaz on Nobel laureate Dr Abdus Salam.
  • 1979 – Rhodesia changes its name to Zimbabwe.
  • 1982 – Women’s peace protest at Greenham Common – 30,000 women hold hands and form a human chain around the 14.5 km (9 mi) perimeter fence.
  • 1984 – Maaouiya Ould Sid’Ahmed Taya becomes the third president of Mauritania after a coup d’etat against Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla while the latter was attending a summit. Taya was ousted in March 2005 by Ely Ould Mohamed Vall in another coup.
  • 1985 – Arrow Air Flight 1285 crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland killing 256, including 248 members of the United States Army’s 101st Airborne Division.
  • 1988 – The Clapham Junction rail crash kills thirty-five and injures hundreds after two collisions of three commuter trains – one of the worst train crashes in Britain.
  • 1991 – Russian Federation gains independence from the USSR.
  • 2000 – The United States Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore

December 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1298 – Albert II of Austria (d. 1358)
  • 1418 – Albert VI of Austria (d. 1463)
  • 1574 – Anne of Denmark, queen consort of James I of England (d. 1619)
  • 1610 – Saint Vasilije (d. 1671)
  • 1659 – Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (d. 1739)
  • 1712 – Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Austrian military leader (d. 1780)
  • 1724 – Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral (d. 1816)
  • 1745 – John Jay, 1st Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1829)
  • 1779 – Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint (d. 1865)
  • 1783 – Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician (d. 1865)
  • 1786 – William L. Marcy, American statesman (d. 1857)
  • 1791 – Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria, second wife of Napoleon (d. 1847)
  • 1799 – Karl Briullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)
  • 1805 – William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist (d. 1879)
  • 1805 – Henry Wells, Founder of American Express (d. 1878)
  • 1806 – Stand Watie, American Confederate general (d. 1871)
  • 1821 – Gustave Flaubert, French writer (d. 1880)
  • 1845 – Bruce Price, American architect (d. 1903)
  • 1849 – William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1920)
  • 1863 – Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (d. 1944)
  • 1864 – Paul Elmer More, American essayist (d. 1937)
  • 1866 – Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1870 – Walter Benona Sharp, American oil baron (d. 1912)
  • 1875 – Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal (d. 1953)
  • 1876 – Alvin Kraenzlein, Olympic gold medalist (d. 1928)
  • 1887 – Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer (d. 1974)
  • 1892 – Herman Potocnik aka Hermann Noordung, Slovenian rocket engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1893 – Edward G. Robinson, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Sammy Davis, Sr., American dancer (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter (d. 2003)
  • 1903 – Dagmar Nordstrom, American composer (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Yasujiro Ozu, Japanese film director (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Nicolas de Gunzburg, magazine editor and socialite (d. 1981)
  • 1905 – Manès Sperber, Austrian-born writer (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Roy Douglas, English composer and orchestrator
  • 1909 – Karen Morley, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Patrick O’Brian, English author (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor (d. 1998)
  • 1918 – Joe Williams, American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Olivia Barclay, English astrologer (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Dan DeCarlo, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Fred Kida, American comics artist
  • 1923 – Bob Barker, American television game show host
  • 1923 – Ken Kavanagh, Australian racing driver
  • 1924 – Ed Koch, Mayor of New York City
  • 1925 – Vladimir Shainsky, Soviet and Russian composer
  • 1925 – Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Honor Blackman, English actress
  • 1927 – Robert Noyce, American inventor (d. 1990)
  • 1928 – Chinghiz Aitmatov, Soviet-born Kyrgyz writer
  • 1929 – Toshiko Akiyoshi, Japanese musician
  • 1929 – John Osborne, English dramatist (d. 1994)
  • 1930 – Bill Beutel, American journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Lionel Blair, English actor and choreographer
  • 1932 – Bob Pettit, American basketball player
  • 1934 – Miguel de la Madrid, President of Mexico
  • 1937 – Buford Pusser, American sheriff (d. 1974)
  • 1938 – Connie Francis, American singer
  • 1940 – Sharad Pawar, Indian politician
  • 1940 – Dionne Warwick, American singer
  • 1943 – Dickey Betts, American musician (The Allman Brothers Band)
  • 1943 – Grover Washington, Jr., American saxophonist (d. 1999)
  • 1944 – Kenneth Cranham, Scottish actor
  • 1944 – Jean Doré, Canadian politician, mayor of Montreal
  • 1945 – Tony Williams, American jazz drummer (d. 1997)
  • 1946 – Emerson Fittipaldi, Brazilian race car driver and two-time F1 world champion
  • 1946 – Paula Wagner, American film executive
  • 1948 – Tom Wilkinson, English actor
  • 1949 – Bill Nighy, English actor
  • 1950 – Rajnikanth, Indian actor
  • 1950 – Billy Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Herb Dhaliwal, Canadian politician
  • 1952 – Cathy Rigby, American gymnast and actress
  • 1953 – Bruce Kulick, American guitarist (Kiss)
  • 1954 – Liz Claman, American television anchor
  • 1955 – Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Greek businesswoman
  • 1956 – Johan van der Velde, Dutch cyclist
  • 1957 – Sheila E., American musician
  • 1957 – Robert Lepage, French Canadian playwright
  • 1958 – Sheree J. Wilson, American actress
  • 1962 – Tracy Austin, American tennis player
  • 1962 – Mike Golic, American football player
  • 1964 – Sabu, American professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Will Carling, English rugby union footballer
  • 1966 – Royce Gracie, Brazilian martial artist
  • 1967 – Yuzo Koshiro, Japanese composer
  • 1967 – Takenobu Mitsuyoshi, Japanese composer
  • 1967 – John Randle, American football player
  • 1968 – Kate Humble, English television presenter
  • 1968 – Rory Kennedy, American documentarian
  • 1968 – Laurie Williams, Jamaican West Indies cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1969 – Carrie Westcott, American model and actress
  • 1970 – Mädchen Amick, American actress
  • 1970 – Jennifer Connelly, American actress
  • 1970 – Regina Hall, American actress
  • 1972 – Nicky Eaden, English footballer
  • 1972 – Wilson Kipketer, Danish middle-distance runner
  • 1972 – Kevin Parent, French Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1972 – Brandon Teena, American hate crime victim (d. 1993)
  • 1972 – Yeoryios Theodoridis, Greek sprinter
  • 1972 – Hank Williams III, American musician, grandson of Hank Williams
  • 1973 – William Hutton, American engineer
  • 1973 – Walter Otta, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Nolberto Solano, Peruvian footballer
  • 1975 – Mayim Bialik, American actress
  • 1975 – Craig Moore, Australian footballer
  • 1976 – Dan Hawkins, English guitarist (The Darkness)
  • 1977 – Nicole, Erica and Jaclyn Dahm, American triplet Playboy models
  • 1977 – Bridget Hall, American supermodel
  • 1977 – Orlando Hudson, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Colin White, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Monica Barladeanu, Romanian actress
  • 1978 – Jennifer Rovero Playboy Playmate
  • 1978 – Evren Genis, Turkish composer
  • 1979 – Garrett Atkins, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Nate Clements, American football player
  • 1979 – Sharin Foo, Danish singer and bassist
  • 1981 – Ronnie Brown, American football player
  • 1981 – Shane Costa, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Pedro Ríos, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Jeret Peterson, American aerial skier
  • 1981 – Yuvraj Singh, Indian cricketer
  • 1981 – Stephen Warnock, English footballer
  • 1982 – Dmitry Tursunov, Russian tennis player
  • 1983 – Katrina Elam, American singer
  • 1984 – Daniel Agger, Danish footballer
  • 1986 – Perparim Hetemaj, Finnish footballer
  • 1986 – Thomas Wansey, English actor
  • 1991 – Daniel Magder, Canadian actor

December 12 – Deaths:

  • 884 – Carloman, King of the West Franks
  • 1212 – Geoffrey, Archbishop of York
  • 1569 – Metropolitan Philip of Moscow (b. 1507)
  • 1574 – Selim II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1524)
  • 1586 – Stefan Batory, King of Poland (b. 1533)
  • 1685 – John Pell, English mathematician (b. 1610)
  • 1751 – Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher (b. 1678)
  • 1754 – Wu Jingzi, Chinese writer (b. 1701)
  • 1766 – Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (b. 1700)
  • 1789 – John Ponsonby, Irish politician (b. 1713)
  • 1790 – Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (b. 1733)
  • 1817 – Emperor Tekle Giyorgis I of Ethiopia, (b. about 1751)
  • 1843 – King William I of the Netherlands, (b. 1772)
  • 1858 – Jacques Viger, antiquarian and archeologist, first mayor of Montreal (b. 1787)
  • 1889 – Robert Browning, English poet (b. 1812)
  • 1889 – Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1804)
  • 1894 – Sir John Thompson, fourth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1845)
  • 1913 – Emperor Menelek II of Ethiopia (b. 1844)
  • 1923 – Raymond Radiguet, French author (b. 1903)
  • 1926 – Jean Richepin, French poet (b. 1849)
  • 1929 – Charles Goodnight, American cattle baron (b. 1836)
  • 1934 – Thorleif Haug, Norwegian Nordic skier (b. 1894)
  • 1939 – Douglas Fairbanks, American actor (b. 1883)
  • 1941 – Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero (b. 1915)
  • 1951 – Mildred Bailey, American jazz singer (b. 1907)
  • 1952 – Bedrich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (b. 1879)
  • 1963 – Yasujiro Ozu, Japanese film director (b. 1903)
  • 1968 – Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1970 – Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – David Sarnoff, Russian-born American General Manager of RCA (b. 1891)
  • 1976 – Jack Cassidy, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1976 – Vinko Zganec, Croatian ethnomusicologist (b. 1890)
  • 1977 – Lady Spencer Churchill, wife of Winston Churchill (b. 1885)
  • 1980 – Jean Lesage, politician, premier of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 1985 – Anne Baxter, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1985 – Ian Stewart, Scottish musician (b. 1938)
  • 1987 – Enrique Jorrín, Cuban musician and composer (b. 1926)
  • 1988 – Anthony “Tony Pro” Provenzano, American Mafia figure (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Suzanne Lilar, Belgian esssayist, novelist and playwright (b. 1901)
  • 1993 – József Antall, Hungarian politician (b. 1932)
  • 1994 – Stuart Roosa, American astronaut (b. 1933)
  • 1996 – Vance Packard, American author (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Yevgeniy Landis, Russian mathematician (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida and Governor of Florida (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Marco Denevi, Argentine writer (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Mo Udall, American politician (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – Paul Cadmus, American artist (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Joseph Heller, American author (b. 1923)
  • 2000 – George Montgomery, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Jean Richard, French actor (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Dee Brown, American author (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Brad Dexter, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted murderer (b. 1965)
  • 2003 – Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Catholic prelate (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Keiko, orca, star of Free Willy (b. 1976)
  • 2005 – Gebran Tueni, Lebanese politician (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Annette Vadim, Danish actress (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Robert F. Newmyer, American film producer (b. 1946)
  • 2006 – Paul Arizin, American basketball player (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Peter Boyle, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Kenny Davern, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Raymond P. Shafer, 38th Governor of Pennsylvania (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Al Shugart, pioneering American computer engineer and co-founder of Seagate Technology (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Ike Turner, American singer, former husband of Tina Turner (b. 1931)

December 12 – Holidays:

  • Mexico – Our Lady of Guadalupe Day
  • Kenya – Jamhuri Day: Independence Day (from Britain, 1963)

 

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On This Day in History December 11

December 11 – Events:

  • 359 – Honoratus, the first known Prefect of the City of Constantinople, takes office.
  • 1282 – Llywelyn the Last (b. c.1228), the last native Prince of Wales, is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, south Wales.
  • 1602 – A surprise attack by forces under the command of the Duke of Savoy and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain, is repelled by the citizens of Geneva. Commemorations / celebrations on Fête de l’Escalade are usually held on December 11 or the closest weekend.
  • 1792 – French Revolution: King Louis XVI of France is put on trial for treason by the National Convention.
  • 1816 – Indiana becomes the 19th U.S. state.
  • 1872 – P.B.S. Pinchback becomes the first black member of the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • 1907 – New Zealand Parliament Buildings almost completely destroyed by fire.
  • 1917 – British troops take Jerusalem from the troops of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1925 – Quas Primas encyclical is promulgated, introducing the Feast of Christ the King.
  • 1927 – Guangzhou Uprising: Communist militia and worker red guards launch an uprising in the Chinese city of Guangzhou, taking over most of the city and announcing the formation of a Guangzhou Soviet.
  • 1931 – The British Parliament enacts the Statute of Westminster, establishing legislative equality between the self-governing dominions of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, the Irish Free State, Dominion of Newfoundland, the Dominion of New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa.
  • 1936 – Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII’s abdication as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India becomes effective.
  • 1937 – Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations.
  • 1941 – World War II: Germany and Italy declare war on the United States.
  • 1946 – The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is established.
  • 1958 – Upper Volta gains self-government from France, and becomes an autonomous republic in the French Community.
  • 1960 – A violent clash occurred with French forces cracking down on protesters in French Algeria during a visit by French president Charles de Gaulle.
  • 1964 – Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City. An unknown terrorist fires a mortar shell at the building during the speech.
  • 1971 – The Libertarian Party of the United States is formed.
  • 1972 – Apollo 17 becomes the sixth mission to land on the Moon.
  • 1980 – The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (known as either CERCLA or Superfund) is enacted by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1981 – El Mozote massacre: Salvadoran armed forces kill an estimated 900 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign during the country’s civil war.
  • 1993 – Forty-eight people are killed when a block of the Highland Towers collapses near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • 1994 – First Chechen War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders Russian troops into Chechnya.
  • 1997 – The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change opens for signature.
  • 1998 – A Thai Airways Airbus A310-200 crashes near Surat Thani Airport, killing 101.
  • 2001 – The People’s Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization.
  • 2005 – The Buncefield Oil Depot in Hemel Hempstead is rocked by explosions, causing a huge oil fire.
  • 2005 – Cronulla riots: Thousands of White Australians demonstrate against ethnic violence resulting in a riot against anyone thought to be Lebanese (and many who were not) in Cronulla Sydney. These are followed up by ethnic attacks on Cronulla.
  • 2006 – The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust is opened in Tehran, Iran by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a Holocaust denier.
  • 2007 – Two car bombs go off at the Constitutional Court building in Algiers and the United Nations office. An estimated 45 people are killed in the bombings.

December 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1465 – Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (d. 1489)
  • 1475 – Pope Leo X (d. 1521)
  • 1566 – Manuel Cardoso, Portuguese composer (d. 1650)
  • 1680 – Emanuele d’Astorga, Italian composer (d. 1736)
  • 1709 – Louise Elisabeth of Orléans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1742)
  • 1712 – Francesco Algarotti, Italian philosopher (d. 1764)
  • 1725 – George Mason, American statesman (d. 1792)
  • 1761 – Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (d. 1835)
  • 1781 – Sir David Brewster, Scottish physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1801 – Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German writer (d. 1836)
  • 1803 – Hector Berlioz, French composer (d. 1869)
  • 1810 – Alfred de Musset, French poet (d. 1857)
  • 1830 – Kamehameha V, Hawaiian king (d. 1872 on his birthday)
  • 1838 – John Labatt, Irish-Canadian brewer (d. 1915)
  • 1843 – Robert Koch, German bacteriologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1910)
  • 1856 – Georgi Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary and Marxist theoretician (d. 1918)
  • 1858 – Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian theatre director (d. 1943)
  • 1863 – Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (d. 1941)
  • 1873 – Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1880 – Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer (d. 1951)
  • 1882 – Subramanya Bharathy, Indian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1882 – Max Born, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1882 – Fiorello LaGuardia, American statesman (d. 1947)
  • 1883 – Victor McLaglen, English-born American actor (d. 1959)
  • 1889 – Walter Knott, American farmer (d. 1981)
  • 1890 – Carlos Gardel, tango singer (d. 1935)
  • 1890 – Mark Tobey, American painter (d. 1976)
  • 1905 – Robert Henriques, English writer (d. 1967)
  • 1905 – Gilbert Roland, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1908 – Elliott Carter, American composer
  • 1909 – John Wyer, English sports car racing team manager (d.1989)
  • 1910 – Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (d. 1937)
  • 1911 – Val Guest, English film director (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Jean Marais, French actor (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban-born bandleader (d. 1989)
  • 1918 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1919 – Marie Windsor, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Grigoris Bithikotsis, Greek singer (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Dilip Kumar, Indian actor
  • 1922 – Grace Paley, American writer (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Betsy Blair, American actress
  • 1925 – Paul Greengard, American neuroscientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1926 – Big Mama Thornton, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1927 – John Buscema, American comics artist (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Chus Lampreave, Spanish actress
  • 1930 – Jean-Louis Trintignant, French actor
  • 1931 – Rita Moreno, Puerto Rican actress
  • 1931 – Pierre Pilote, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1931 – Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Indian guru (d. 1990)
  • 1932 – Anne Heywood, English actress
  • 1933 – Aquilino Pimentel, Jr., Filipino politician
  • 1935 – Ron Carey, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Pranab Mukherjee, Indian politician
  • 1935 – Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1936 – Taku Yamasaki, Japanese politician
  • 1937 – Jim Harrison, American writer
  • 1938 – Enrico Macias, Algerian-born French singer
  • 1938 – McCoy Tyner, American jazz pianist
  • 1939 – Tom Hayden, American politician and activist
  • 1939 – Thomas McGuane, American writer
  • 1940 – David Gates, American musician (Bread)
  • 1941 – Jean-Paul Parise, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1942 – Donna Mills, American actress
  • 1943 – John Kerry, American politician
  • 1944 – Teri Garr, American film actress
  • 1944 – Jon Garrison, American tenor
  • 1944 – Lynda Day George, American actress
  • 1944 – Brenda Lee, American singer
  • 1948 – Stamatis Spanoudakis, Greek composer
  • 1950 – Christina Onassis, American heiress (d. 1988)
  • 1953 – Bess Armstrong, American actress
  • 1954 – Jermaine Jackson, American singer
  • 1954 – Guðlaugur Kristinn Óttarsson, Icelandic engineer
  • 1956 – Lani Brockman, Playwright
  • 1958 – Nikki Sixx, American musician (Mötley Crüe)
  • 1959 – Lisa Gastineau, American reality show star
  • 1961 – Marco Pierre White, English chef and restaurateur
  • 1962 – Ben Browder, American actor
  • 1962 – Paul Haslinger, Austrian-born composer
  • 1962 – Nele Karajlic, Bosnian singer
  • 1963 – Jon Brion, American musician/record producer
  • 1964 – Michel Courtemanche, Quebec comedian
  • 1964 – John Mark Karr, American who claimed involvement in JonBenét Ramsey case
  • 1964 – David Schools, American musician (Widespread Panic)
  • 1964 – Cosy Sheridan, American singer
  • 1964 – Carolyn Waldo, Canadian synchronized swimmer
  • 1966 – Gary Dourdan, American actor
  • 1966 – Leon Lai, Cantonese singer/actor
  • 1967 – Mo’Nique, American actress/comedienne
  • 1967 – DJ Yella, American DJ and music producer (N.W.A)
  • 1969 – Vishwanathan Anand, Indian chess grandmaster
  • 1969 – Stig Inge Bjørnebye, Norwegian footballer
  • 1969 – Sean Grande, American sportscaster
  • 1972 – Daniel Alfredsson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Sami Al-Jaber, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1972 – Dana Macsim, Romanian television news reporter
  • 1973 – Mos Def, American rapper and actor
  • 1974 – Rey Mysterio, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Ben Shephard, English TV personality
  • 1975 – Gerben de Knegt, Dutch cyclist
  • 1975 – Tomoka Kurotani, Japanese actress
  • 1976 – Shareef Abdur-Rahim, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Mark Streit, Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Rider Strong, American actor
  • 1980 – Arya, Indian actor
  • 1981 – Nikki Benz, Ukraine-born Canadian pornographic actress
  • 1981 – Hamish Blake, Australian comedian
  • 1981 – Paul Medhurst, Australian rules footballer
  • 1981 – Javier Saviola, Argentine footballer
  • 1981 – Zacky Vengeance, American musician (Avenged Sevenfold)
  • 1982 – Pablo Pérez Companc, Argentine racing driver
  • 1984 – Leighton Baines, English footballer
  • 1987 – Natalia Gordienko, Moldovan singer and dancer
  • 1988 – Murugan Thiruchelvam, English chess prodigy
  • 1993 – Gina Miele, American singer and actress.

December 11 – Deaths:

  • 384 – Pope Damasus I
  • 1121 – Al-Afdal Shahanshah, Caliph of Egypt (b. 1066)
  • 1226 – Robert de Ros, English politician (b. 1177)
  • 1282 – Llywelyn the Last, Prince of Gwynedd
  • 1282 – Michael VIII Palaiologos, Greek Byzantine Emperor (b. 1225)
  • 1532 – Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1455)
  • 1582 – Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1508)
  • 1694 – Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma (b. 1630)
  • 1737 – John Strype, English historian (b. 1643)
  • 1747 – Edmund Curll, English bookseller (b. ca. 1675)
  • 1797 – Richard Brocklesby, English physician (b. 1722)
  • 1840 – Emperor Kokaku of Japan (b. 1771)
  • 1872 – Kamehameha V, Hawaiian king (b. 1830)
  • 1880 – Oliver Fisher Winchester, American businessman and politician (b. 1810)
  • 1892 – William Milligan, Scottish theologian (b. 1821)
  • 1909 – Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (b. 1855)
  • 1918 – Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer (b. 1876)
  • 1920 – Olive Schreiner, South African writer (b. 1855)
  • 1938 – Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1869)
  • 1941 – John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (b. 1922)
  • 1941 – Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician (b. 1856)
  • 1945 – Charles Fabry, French physicist (b. 1867)
  • 1950 – Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1893)
  • 1957 – Musidora (Jeanne Roques), French actress (b. 1889)
  • 1959 – Jim Bottomley, American baseball player (b. 1900)
  • 1964 – Sam Cooke, American singer (b. 1931)
  • 1964 – Percy Kilbride, American actor (b. 1888)
  • 1971 – Maurice “Mac” McDonald, American fast-food pioneer (b. 1902)
  • 1975 – Lee Wiley, American jazz singer (b. 1908)
  • 1978 – Vincent du Vigneaud, American chemist and Nobel laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1978 – Paul O’Dea, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 1979 – James J. Gibson, American perceptual psychologist (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Sir Neil Ritchie, British General (b. 1897)
  • 1984 – Oskar Seidlin, German-born American scholar (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (b. 1923)
  • 1989 – Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American photographer (b. 1895)
  • 1991 – Robert Q. Lewis, American game show host and actor (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Artur Lundkvist, Swedish author and critic (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Michael Robbins, English actor (b. 1930)
  • 1993 – Elvira Popescu, Romanian-born French actress (b. 1894)
  • 1994 – Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (b. 1900)
  • 1995 – Arthur Mullard, English comedy actor (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Willie Rushton, English cartoonist, satirist, comedian, actor, performer and cofounder of the Private Eye satirical magazine. (b. 1937)
  • 1998 – André Lichnerowicz, Polish-French physicist (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Lynn Strait, American singer (Snot) (b. 1968)
  • 2000 – Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – David Lewis, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian writer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – José Luis Cuciuffo, Argentinian footballer (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand running coach (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – M.S. Subbulakshmi, Indian singer (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Elizabeth Bolden, American, oldest verified person in the world at the time of her death (b. 1890)
  • 2007 – Christie Hennessy, Irish singer (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Grace Paley, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Ashleigh Aston Moore, Canadian Actress (b. 1981)

December 11 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – One of the four Agonalia, this day in honour of Sol Indiges; also the Septimontium festival
  • R.C. Saints – Pope Damasus I: optional memorial; Victoricus, Fuscian, and Gentian
  • Argentina – Tango Day, Buenos Aires
  • Burkina Faso – Republic Day (1958, Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community.)
  • USA – Admission day for Indiana (19th state, 1816)
  • USA – Governor Ralph Carr Day, Colorado’s State Holiday since 2002
  • Wales – Remembrance Day of Llywelyn II
  • Philippines – Pampanga Day, local official holiday

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On This Day in History December 9

December 9 – Events:

  • 536 – Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
  • 1425 – The Catholic University of Leuven is founded.
  • 1793 – New York City’s first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster.
  • 1824 – Patriot forces led by General Antonio José de Sucre defeat a Royalist army in the Battle of Ayacucho, putting an end to the Peruvian War of Independence.
  • 1835 – The Republic of Texas captures San Antonio, Texas.
  • 1851 – The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal, Quebec.
  • 1856 – The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1872 – In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first serving African-American governor of a U.S. state.
  • 1875 – Massachusetts Rifle Association “America’s Oldest Active Gun Club” is founded.
  • 1888 – Statistician Herman Hollerith installs his computing device at the United States War Department.
  • 1897 – Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
  • 1905 – In France, the law separating church and state is passed.
  • 1917 – In Palestine, Field Marshal Edmund Allenby captures Jerusalem.
  • 1922 – Gabriel Narutowicz is announced the first president of Poland.
  • 1931 – The Constituent Cortes approves the constitution which establishes the Second Spanish Republic.
  • 1935 – Walter Liggett American newspaper editor and muckraker killed in gangland murder.
  • 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing – Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing.
  • 1940 – World War II: Operation Compass – British and Indian troops under the command of Major-General Richard O’Connor attack Italian forces near Sidi Barrani in Egypt.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Republic of China, Cuba, Guatemala, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, and the Philippine Commonwealth, declare war on Germany and Japan.
  • 1941 – World War II: The 19th Bombardment Group attacks Japanese ships off the coast of Vigan, Luzon.
  • 1946 – The “Subsequent Nuremberg Trials” began with the “Doctors’ Trial”, prosecuting doctors alleged to be involved in human experimentation.
  • 1950 – Harry Gold is sentenced to thirty years in jail for helping Klaus Fuchs pass information about the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union. His testimony is later instrumental in the prosecution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
  • 1953 – Red Scare: General Electric announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company.
  • 1958 – Red Scare: The John Birch Society was founded in the United States.
  • 1961 – The trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Israel ends with him being found guilty of 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization.
  • 1961 – Tanganyika becomes independent from Britain.
  • 1968 – NLS (a system for which hypertext and the computer mouse were developed) is publicly demonstrated for the first time in San Francisco.
  • 1979 – The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified, making smallpox the first and to date only human disease driven to extinction.
  • 1987 – Israeli-Palestinian conflict: The First Intifada begins in the Gaza Strip and West Bank.
  • 1990 – Lech Walesa becomes the first directly elected president of Poland.
  • 2003 – A blast in the center of Moscow kills six people and wounds several more.
  • 2006 – Moscow suffers its worst fire since 1977, killing 45 women in a drug rehabilitation center.

December 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1447 – Chenghua, Emperor of China (d. 1487)
  • 1508 – Gemma Frisius, Dutch mathematician and cartographer (d. 1555)
  • 1561 – Sir Edwin Sandys, English-born Virginian colonist (d. 1629)
  • 1571 – Metius (Adriaan Adriaanszoon), Dutch mathematician and astronomer (d. 1635)
  • 1579 – Martin de Porres, Peruvian saint (d. 1639)
  • 1594 – Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (d. 1632)
  • 1608 – John Milton, English poet (d. 1674)
  • 1610 – Baldassare Ferri, Italian castrato (d. 1680)
  • 1652 – Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician (d. 1723)
  • 1667 – William Whiston, English mathematician (d. 1752)
  • 1748 – Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (d. 1822)
  • 1751 – Maria Luisa of Parma, queen of Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
  • 1787 – John Dobson, English architect (d. 1865)
  • 1806 – Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (d. 1838)
  • 1837 – Émile Waldteufel, French composer (d. 1915)
  • 1842 – Peter Kropotkin, Russian anarchist (d. 1921)
  • 1847 – George Grossmith, English actor (d. 1912)
  • 1850 – Emma Abbott, American soprano (d. 1891)
  • 1868 – Fritz Haber, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1934)
  • 1871 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player (d. 1943)
  • 1876 – Berton Churchill, American actor (d. 1940)
  • 1882 – Joaquín Turina, Spanish composer (d. 1949)
  • 1883 – Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1886 – Clarence Birdseye, American frozen food manufacturer (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Tim Moore, American actor and vaudevillian (d. 1958)
  • 1889 – Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish long-distance runner (d. 1966)
  • 1891 – Maksim Bahdanovic, Belarusian poet (d. 1917)
  • 1895 – Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer (d. 1936)
  • 1897 – Hermione Gingold, English actress (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Emmett Kelly, American circus clown (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Jean de Brunhoff, French author (d. 1937)
  • 1900 – Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer (d. 1977)
  • 1901 – Carol Dempster, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian-born writer (d. 1938)
  • 1901 – Jean Mermoz, French pilot (d. 1936)
  • 1902 – Margaret Hamilton, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Robert Livingston, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Dalton Trumbo, American writer (d. 1976)
  • 1906 – Grace Hopper, American computer pioneer (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Broderick Crawford, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Ryuzo Sejima, Japanese educator (d. 2007)
  • 1912 – Tip O’Neill, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Frances Reid, American actress
  • 1915 – Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, German-born soprano (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Kirk Douglas, American actor
  • 1917 – James Angleton, head of counterintelligence for the CIA (d. 1987)
  • 1917 – James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1918 – Jerome Beatty Jr., American author
  • 1919 – William Lipscomb, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1920 – Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, President of the Italian Republic
  • 1922 – Redd Foxx, American comedian (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Dina Merrill, American actress
  • 1926 – Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Jan Kresadlo, Czech writer (d. 1995)
  • 1927 – Pierre Henry, French composer
  • 1928 – André Milhoux, Belgian racing driver
  • 1928 – Dick Van Patten, American actor
  • 1929 – John Cassavetes, American actor and director (d. 1989)
  • 1929 – Bob Hawke, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1930 – Buck Henry, American actor
  • 1931 – William Reynolds, American actor
  • 1931 – Ladislav Smoljak, Czech actor
  • 1933 – Morton Downey Jr., American talk show host (d. 2001)
  • 1933 – Monique Miller, French Canadian actress
  • 1934 – Dame Judi Dench, English actress
  • 1934 – Junior Wells, American musician (d. 1998)
  • 1937 – Darwin Joston, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1938 – David Houston, American country singer (d. 1993)
  • 1938 – Deacon Jones, American football player
  • 1941 – Beau Bridges, American actor
  • 1941 – Dan Hicks, American musician
  • 1942 – Billy Bremner, Scottish footballer (d. 1997)
  • 1942 – Dick Butkus, American football player
  • 1943 – Pit Martin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1944 – Neil Innes, English singer (Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band, The Rutles)
  • 1944 – Ki Longfellow, American novelist
  • 1944 – Bob O’Connor, American politician
  • 1945 – Matti Mäntylä, Finnish actor
  • 1945 – Michael Nouri, American actor
  • 1946 – Sonia Gandhi, Italian-born Indian politician
  • 1946 – Shatrughan Sinha, Indian actor
  • 1947 – Tom Daschle, American politician
  • 1947 – Jaak Jõerüüt, Soviet-born Estonian politician
  • 1948 – Dennis Dunaway, American musician
  • 1948 – Marleen Gorris, Dutch film director
  • 1949 – Tom Kite, American golfer
  • 1949 – Nando Parrado, Uruguayan plane crash survivor
  • 1950 – Joan Armatrading, St. Kitts-born English singer
  • 1952 – Liaqat Baloch, Pakistani politician
  • 1952 – Michael Dorn, American actor
  • 1953 – World B. Free, American basketball player
  • 1953 – John Malkovich, American actor
  • 1954 – Herman Finkers, Dutch comedian
  • 1957 – Donny Osmond, American singer and actor
  • 1958 – Rikk Agnew, American guitarist (The Adolescents)
  • 1958 – Nick Seymour, Australian bassist (Crowded House)
  • 1960 – Terry Moran, American TV reporter
  • 1960 – Juan Samuel, Dominican baseball player
  • 1961 – David Anthony Higgins, American actor
  • 1961 – Joe Lando, American actor
  • 1962 – Felicity Huffman, American actress
  • 1963 – Dave Hilton, Jr., Canadian boxer
  • 1963 – Masako, Crown Princess of Japan
  • 1964 – Paul Landers, German guitarist (Rammstein)
  • 1965 – Joe Ausanio, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Vecepia Towery, American Survivor contestant
  • 1966 – Kirsten Gillibrand, American politician
  • 1966 – Toby Huss, American actor
  • 1967 – Joshua Bell, American violinist
  • 1967 – Jason Dozzell, English footballer
  • 1967 – Gheorghe Popescu, Romanian footballer
  • 1968 – Kurt Angle, American wrestler
  • 1968 – Brian Bell, American guitarist (Weezer)
  • 1968 – Dave Harold, English snooker player
  • 1969 – Jakob Dylan, American singer (The Wallflowers)
  • 1969 – Bixente Lizarazu, French footballer
  • 1969 – Sebastian Spence, Canadian actor
  • 1971 – Petr Nedved, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Reiko Aylesworth, American actress
  • 1972 – Tre Cool, German-born American drummer (Green Day)
  • 1972 – Fabrice Santoro, Tahitian-born French tennis player
  • 1974 – Canibus, American rapper
  • 1974 – Wendy Dillinger, American female soccer player and coach
  • 1976 – Chris Booker, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Saskia Garel, Canadian actress
  • 1977 – Shayne Graham, American football player
  • 1977 – Imogen Heap, English singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Jesse Metcalfe, American actor
  • 1979 – Olivia Lufkin, Japanese singer
  • 1979 – Stephen McPhail, Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Ryder Hesjedal, Canadian cyclist
  • 1981 – Mardy Fish, American tennis player
  • 1981 – Diya Mirza, Indian actress
  • 1982 – Tamilla Abassova, Russian cyclist
  • 1982 – Vincent Accardi, American guitarist Brand New
  • 1983 – Dariusz Dudka, Polish footballer
  • 1983 – Jermaine Beckford, English footballer
  • 1990 – LaFee, German singer

December 9 – Deaths:

  • 1165 – King Malcolm IV of Scotland
  • 1437 – Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1368)
  • 1544 – Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (b. 1491)
  • 1565 – Pope Pius IV (b. 1499)
  • 1603 – William Watson, English conspirator (b. 1559)
  • 1625 – Ubbo Emmius, Dutch historian and geographer (b. 1547)
  • 1636 – Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
  • 1641 – Anthony van Dyck, Flemish painter (b. 1599)
  • 1669 – Pope Clement IX (b. 1600)
  • 1674 – Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, English statesman and historian (b. 1609)
  • 1692 – William Mountfort, English actor and dramatist
  • 1706 – King Peter II of Portugal (b. 1648)
  • 1718 – Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopaedist (b. 1650)
  • 1793 – Gabrielle de Polastron, comtesse de Polignac, French aristocrat (b. 1749)
  • 1798 – Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (b. 1729)
  • 1830 – Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (b. 1757)
  • 1854 – Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (b. 1799)
  • 1858 – Robert Baldwin, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • 1887 – Mahmadu Lamine, Senegalese marabout and military leader
  • 1894 – Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (b. 1821)
  • 1916 – Natsume Soseki, Japanese novelist (b. 1867)
  • 1930 – Andrew “Rube” Foster, American baseball player and founder of the Negro National League (b. 1879)
  • 1935 – Walter Liggett, American crusading newspaper editor and muckraker (b. 1886)
  • 1937 – Nils Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1941 – Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1955 – Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (b. 1885)
  • 1964 – Dame Edith Sitwell, English poet and critic (b. 1887)
  • 1965 – Branch Rickey, American baseball executive (b. 1884)
  • 1970 – Artem Mikoyan, Soviet aircraft designer (b. 1905)
  • 1970 – Sir Feroz Khan Noon, Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1971 – Ralph Bunche, American diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (b. 1874)
  • 1972 – Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (b. 1881)
  • 1975 – William A. Wellman, American movie director (b. 1896)
  • 1979 – Fulton J. Sheen, American archbishop and television preacher (Life is Worth Living) (b. 1895)
  • 1981 – Daniel Faulkner, Philadelphia police officer (b. 1955)
  • 1982 – Leon Jaworski, Watergate scandal special prosecutor (b. 1905)
  • 1984 – Razzle, English drummer (Hanoi Rocks) (b. 1960)
  • 1992 – Vincent Gardenia, American stage, film and television actor (b. 1922)
  • 1993 – Danny Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer and manager (b. 1926)
  • 1994 – Garnett Silk, Jamaican reggae singer (b. 1966)
  • 1995 – Toni Cade Bambara, American author (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Douglas Corrigan, American aviator (b. 1907)
  • 1996 – Patty Donahue, American singer (The Waitresses) (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Mary Leakey, English archaeologist and anthropologist (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – Alain Poher, French politician (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Shaughnessy Cohen, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • 1998 – Archie Moore, American boxer (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Michael Carver, British soldier (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Mary Hansen, Australian guitarist and singer (Stereolab) (b. 1966)
  • 2002 – Stan Rice, American painter, educator, and poet (b. 1942)
  • 2003 – Paul Simon, U.S. Senator from Illinois (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Norm Sloan, American basketball coach (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – David Brudnoy, American radio personality (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Lea De Mae, Czech actress (b. 1976)
  • 2005 – György Sándor, Hungarian pianist (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Robert Sheckley, American author (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer (b. 1931)

December 9 – Holidays:

  • Peru: Army Day
  • Sweden and Finland: Anna’s Day. Recognizes everyone named Anna, and marks the day to start the preparation process of the lutefisk to be consumed on Christmas Eve.
  • Tanzania – Independence Day (of Tanganika from Britain, 1961)

 

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On This Day in History December 8

December 8 – Events:

  • 1609 – Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room, the second public library of Europe.
  • 1659 – Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco.
  • 1854 – Pope Pius IX proclaims the dogma of Immaculate Conception, which holds that the Virgin Mary was born free of original sin.
  • 1864 – The Clifton Suspension Bridge over the River Avon is officially opened.
  • 1869 – Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.
  • 1886 – The American Federation of Labor is founded in Columbus, Ohio.
  • 1904 – Konservativ Ungdom (Young Conservatives) in Denmark is founded by Carl F. Herman von Rosen. Still existing today, it is the oldest political youth organization in Denmark and believed to be one of the oldest in the world.
  • 1907 – King Gustaf V of Sweden accedes to the Swedish throne.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The Greek army captures Korçë that had been under Ottoman rule.
  • 1914 – World War I: Battle of the Falkland Islands – The Kaiserliche Marine under the command of Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee is engaged by the Royal Navy.
  • 1935 – The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto, beginning with a crackdown on the sect’s operational bases of Ayabe and Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture and the arrest of its leader Onisaburo Deguchi.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Japanese invade the British Crown Colony of Hong Kong, Malaya and the Dutch East Indies. They also invade the portions of Shanghai administered by European powers and bomb American bases in the Philippines.  Because of the time difference, these events – which took place west of the International Date Line – happened while it was still December 7 to the east of this line.
  • 1941 – World War II: Pacific War – After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor the U.S. Congress passes a declaration of war against Japan.
  • 1941 – World War II: Pacific War – the Republic of China officially declares war against Japan.
  • 1941 – World War II: Pacific War – The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in China issues a proclamation which declared war against Japan and Germany on behalf of Korean people, who were under Japanese occupation since 1910.
  • 1941 – World War II: First Japanese attack on Wake Island.
  • 1941 – Holocaust: Gas vans are first used as a means of execution, at the Chelmno extermination camp near Lódz in Poland.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: in Ternopil, Ukraine, the German SS organizes the deportation of the last 1,400 Ternopil Jews to the death camp in Belzec. The chief of the Gestapo,  SS Sturmbannführer Hermann Müller, bore overall responsibility for the mass murder of the Jews of Ternopil and Berezhany county.
  • 1949 – Chinese Civil War: The capital of the Republic of China is moved from Nanjing to Taipei, Taiwan.
  • 1953 – Dwight D. Eisenhower gives the Atoms for Peace speech.
  • 1966 – The Greek SS Heraklion sinks in a storm in the Aegean Sea, killing over 200.
  • 1969 – An Olympic Airways Douglas DC-6 crashes in Keratea during a storm, killing 93 people.
  • 1972 – United Airlines Flight 553 crashes near Chicago Midway Airport, killing 45 people.
  • 1974 – A plebiscite results in the abolition of monarchy in Greece.
  • 1980 – Mark David Chapman shoots and kills John Lennon in front of The Dakota apartment building with five bullets.
  • 1982 – Activist Norman Mayer threatens to blow up the Washington Monument, before being killed by United States Park Police.
  • 1982 – In Suriname several opponents of the military government are killed.
  • 1987 – The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty is signed.
  • 1987 – The Queen Street Massacre: Frank Vitkovic shoots and kills 8 people at the offices of Australia Post in Melbourne, Australia before being killed himself.
  • 1987 – The Alianza Lima air disaster.
  • 1991 – The leaders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine sign an agreement dissolving the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States.
  • 1991 – The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum.
  • 1993 – The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is signed into law by US President Bill Clinton.
  • 1998 – Tadjena massacre: 81 people are killed by armed groups in Algeria.
  • 2002 – The Caribbean Community Heads of Government meet with the Government of Cuba and declare the date to be “CARICOM-Cuba Day” – To celebrate diplomatic ties between the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and Cuba.
  • 2004 – The Cuzco Declaration is signed in Cuzco, Peru, establishing the South American Community of Nations.
  • 2005 – Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, is captured in the Playa de las Américas, Tenerife by the Spanish police.

December 8 – Birthdays:

  • 65 BC – Horace, Roman poet (d. 8 BC)
  • 1542 – Mary Queen of Scots (d. 1587)
  • 1574 – Maria Anna of Bavaria, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1616)
  • 1626 – Queen Christina of Sweden (d. 1689)
  • 1678 – Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton, English diplomat (d. 1757)
  • 1699 – Maria Josepha of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1757)
  • 1708 – Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1765)
  • 1730 – Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-born British physiologist and botanist (d. 1799)
  • 1765 – Eli Whitney, American inventor (d. 1825)
  • 1795 – Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish astronomer (d. 1874)
  • 1815 – Adolph Menzel, German painter and graphic artist (d. 1905)
  • 1816 – August Belmont, Sr., Prussian-born American financier (d. 1890)
  • 1817 – Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian author and Nobel laureate (d. 1910)
  • 1848 – Joel Chandler Harris, American author and folklorist (d. 1908)
  • 1861 – William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer (d. 1947)
  • 1861 – Aristide Maillol, French sculptor (d. 1944)
  • 1861 – Georges Méliès, French filmmaker (d. 1938)
  • 1862 – Georges Feydeau, French playwright (d. 1921)
  • 1864 – Camille Claudel, French graphic artist and sculptor (d. 1943)
  • 1865 – Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1865 – Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer (d. 1957)
  • 1874 – Ernst Moro, Austrian physician (d. 1951)
  • 1886 – Diego Rivera, Mexican painter (d. 1957)
  • 1890 – Bohuslav Martinu, Czech composer (d. 1959)
  • 1894 – E.C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye) (d. 1938)
  • 1894 – James Thurber, American humorist and cartoonist (d. 1961)
  • 1899 – John Qualen, Canadian actor (d. 1987)
  • 1900 – Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (d. 1990)
  • 1902 – Wifredo Lam, Cuban artist (d. 1982)
  • 1908 – John A. Volpe, 61 and 63 Governor of Massachusetts, 2 United States Secretary of Transportation (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Gratien Gélinas, French Canadian playwright, actor, director and producer (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Lee J. Cobb, American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Nikos Gatsos, Greek poet and lyricist (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Delmore Schwartz, American poet (d. 1966)
  • 1915 – Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Richard Fleischer, American film director (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Gérard Souzay, French baritone (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Peter Tali Coleman, American politician (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Lucian Freud, English painter
  • 1922 – Jean Ritchie, American folk singer
  • 1923 – Rudolph Pariser, Chinese-born American chemist
  • 1925 – Sammy Davis Jr., American actor and singer (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Jimmy Smith, American jazz organist (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Ferdie Pacheco, the “Fight Doctor”
  • 1927 – Vladimir Shatalov, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1930 – Julian Critchley, British politician (d. 2000)
  • 1930 – Maximilian Schell, Austrian-born Swiss actor, film director, and author
  • 1931 – Bob Arum, American boxing promoter
  • 1933 – Flip Wilson, American comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Dharmendra, Indian actor
  • 1935 – Tatiana Zatulovskaya, Israeli chess player
  • 1936 – David Carradine, American actor
  • 1937 – James MacArthur, American actor
  • 1937 – Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountain climber and businessman (d. 2004)
  • 1939 – Red Berenson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1939 – Jerry “The Iceman” Butler, American soul singer
  • 1939 – Sir James Galway, Northern Irish flautist
  • 1939 – Soko Richardson, American rhythm and blues drummer. (d. 2004)
  • 1940 – Brant Alyea, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Ed Brinkman, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Bob Brown, American football player
  • 1941 – Randall “Duke” Cunningham, US Navy fighter pilot and Congressman
  • 1941 – Sir Geoff Hurst, English footballer
  • 1943 – Jim Morrison, American singer (The Doors) (d. 1971)
  • 1943 – Mary Woronov, American actress
  • 1945 – John Banville, Irish novelist and journalist
  • 1946 – John Rubinstein, American actor, composer, director
  • 1946 – Sharmila Tagore, Indian Actress
  • 1947 – Gregg Allman, American musician
  • 1947 – Thomas R. Cech, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1947 – Kati-Claudia Fofonoff, Skolt Sámi writer
  • 1949 – Mary Gordon, American writer
  • 1949 – Nancy Meyers, American film director, producer and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Ray Shulman, English musician
  • 1949 – Robert Sternberg, Proposed the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
  • 1950 – Rick Baker, American film makeup artist
  • 1950 – Tim Foli, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Dan Hartman, American musician (Edgar Winter Group) (d. 1994)
  • 1951 – Bill Bryson, American author
  • 1951 – Jan Eggum, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1952 – Khaw Boon Wan, Singapore Health Minister
  • 1953 – Kim Basinger, American actress
  • 1953 – Roy Firestone, American sports announcer
  • 1953 – Sam Kinison, American comedian (d. 1992)
  • 1954 – Harold Hongju Koh, Korean-American Dean of Yale Law School
  • 1956 – Warren Cuccurullo, American musician
  • 1957 – Phil Collen, English guitarist (Def Leppard)
  • 1958 – Bird McIntyre, Thai pop singer, musician
  • 1961 – Ann Coulter, American author, political commentator, and attorney
  • 1962 – Marty Friedman, American guitarist
  • 1963 – Toshiaki Kawada, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1964 – James Blundell, Australian country singer
  • 1964 – Sandy Burnett, English record producer
  • 1964 – Teri Hatcher, American actress
  • 1965 – Carina Lau, Hong Kong actress
  • 1966 – Sinéad O’Connor, Irish musician
  • 1967 – Jeff George, American football player
  • 1967 – Kotono Mitsuishi, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
  • 1968 – Michael Cole, American professional wrestling commentator
  • 1968 – Mike Mussina, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Jeff Tremaine, American television and film director
  • 1972 – Marco Abreu, Angolan footballer
  • 1972 – Frank Shamrock, American mixed martial artist
  • 1973 – Doron Bell Jr., Canadian actor
  • 1973 – Corey Taylor, American singer (Slipknot, Stone Sour)
  • 1974 – Cristian Castro, Mexican singer
  • 1974 – Tony Simmons, American football player
  • 1974 – Nick Zinner, American guitarist (Yeah Yeah Yeahs)
  • 1975 – Kevin Harvick, American NASCAR driver
  • 1976 – Naimee Coleman, Irish singer and songwriter
  • 1976 – Reed Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Dominic Monaghan, English actor
  • 1977 – Elsa Benítez, Mexican supermodel
  • 1977 – Sébastien Chabal, French rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Ryan Newman, American NASCAR driver
  • 1978 – John Oster, Welsh footballer
  • 1978 – Anwar Siraj, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1978 – Ian Somerhalder, American actor
  • 1978 – Vernon Wells, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Daniel Fitzhenry, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1979 – Johan Forssell, Swedish politician
  • 1979 – Adam Russell, American Musician
  • 1979 – Christian Wilhelmsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Jeremy Accardo, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Philip Rivers, American football player
  • 1982 – Noelle Pikus-Pace, American skeleton racer
  • 1982 – Dee Dee Trotter, American athlete
  • 1983 – Neel Jani, Swiss racing driver
  • 1983 – Liu Song, Chinese snooker player
  • 1984 – Greg Halford, English footballer
  • 1984 – Badr Hari, Dutch kickboxer, Niall Brennan, Irish Legend.
  • 1985 – Dwight Howard, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Amir Khan, English boxer
  • 1986 – Kate Voegele, American musician
  • 1989 – Drew Doughty, Canadian hockey player
  • 1993 – AnnaSophia Robb, American actress and singer

December 8 – Deaths:

  • 899 – Arnulf of Carinthia (b. 850)
  • 1626 – John Davies, English poet (b. 1569)
  • 1632 – Philippe van Lansberge, Flemish astronomer (b. 1561)
  • 1638 – Ivan Gundulic, Croatian poet (b. 1589)
  • 1643 – John Pym, English statesman (b. 1583)
  • 1649 – Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1613)
  • 1680 – Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, English politician (b. 1606)
  • 1691 – Richard Baxter, English clergyman (b. 1615)
  • 1695 – Barthélemy d’Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (b. 1625)
  • 1709 – Thomas Corneille, French dramatist (b. 1625)
  • 1722 – Liselotte von der Pfalz, Duchess of Orléans (b. 1652)
  • 1744 – Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle duchess de Châteauroux, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1717)
  • 1745 – Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (b. 1683)
  • 1746 – Charles Radclyffe, British politician (b. 1693)
  • 1756 – William Stanhope, 1st Earl of Harrington, British statesman and diplomat
  • 1768 – Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1702)
  • 1779 – Nathan Alcock, English physician (b. 1707)
  • 1830 – Benjamin Constant, Swiss writer (b. 1767)
  • 1859 – Thomas de Quincey, English author (b. 1785)
  • 1864 – George Boole, British inventor of Boolean algebra (b. 1815)
  • 1885 – William Henry Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1821)
  • 1894 – Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (b. 1821)
  • 1907 – Oscar II of Sweden (b. 1829)
  • 1914 – Maximilian von Spee, German naval officer (b. 1861)
  • 1917 – Mendele Moykher Sforim, Russian writer (b. 1836)
  • 1938 – Friedrich Glauser, German-language Swiss writer (b. 1896)
  • 1940 – George Exton Lloyd, Anglican Bishop and theologian (b. 1861)
  • 1952 – Charles Lightoller, English second officer on the Titanic (b. 1874)
  • 1958 – Tris Speaker, American baseball player (b. 1888)
  • 1963 – Field Marshal Sarit Dhanarajata, Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1908)
  • 1966 – Ward Morehouse, American theater critic and newspaper columnist (b. 1899)
  • 1967 – John Mills, Sr., American singer (Mills Brothers) (b. 1889)
  • 1975 – Gary Thain, New Zealand bassist (Uriah Heep) (b. 1948)
  • 1978 – Golda Meir, Russian-born Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – John Lennon, English musician and peace activist (b. 1940)
  • 1982 – Bram Behr, Surinamese journalist (b. 1951)
  • 1982 – Marty Robbins, American singer (b. 1925)
  • 1983 – Slim Pickens, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1984 – Luther Adler, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1984 – Robert Jay Mathews, White Nationalist (b. 1953)
  • 1991 – Kimberly Bergalis, claimed to have contracted HIV from her dentist (b. 1968)
  • 1991 – Buck Clayton, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – William Shawn, American magazine editor (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Antônio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian composer and arranger (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Howard Rollins, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 1997 – Bob Bell, played Bozo the Clown (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – Péter Kuczka, Hungarian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Don Tennant, American advertising executive (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Rubén González, Cuban pianist (Buena Vista Social Club) (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Dimebag Darrell (Darrell Abbott), American guitarist (Pantera, Damageplan) (b. 1966)
  • 2005 – Georgiy Zhzhonov, Russian actor and author (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Martha Tilton, American singer (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – José Uribe, Dominican baseball player (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Gerardo García Pimentel, Mexican journalist

December 8 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – The solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary (Holy Day of Obligation in Ireland, U.S.); Saint Eucharius, first bishop of Trier
  • Eastern Christianity – Conception of the Theotokos (Mother of God) by Anna – Major Feast Day
  • Buddhism – The Enlightenment of Gautama Buddha (Bodhi Day)
  • Bulgaria – Day of the Student
  • Italy – Public holiday
  • Austria – Public Holiday
  • Malta – Public Holiday
  • Romania – Constitution Day
  • Panama – Mother’s Day
  • Spain – Immaculate Conception – Day of the National Army
  • Portugal – Immaculate Conception – Day of the national Patron Saint
  • France – Fête des Lumières (Festival of Lights) held in Lyon to honor the Virgin Mary
  • Republic of Macedonia – St Kliment Day, National holiday

 

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