On This Day in History November 2

November 2 – Events:

  • 1570 – A tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland, killing more than 1,000 people.
  • 1675 – A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip’s War.
  • 1772 – American Revolutionary War: Samuel Adams and Joseph Warren form the first Committee of Correspondence.
  • 1783 – In Rocky Hill, New Jersey, US General George Washington gives his “Farewell Address to the Army.”
  • 1795 – The French Directory succeeds the French National Convention as the government of Revolutionary France.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Fremont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter.
  • 1868 – Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally.
  • 1889 – North and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states.
  • 1895 – The first gasoline-powered race in the United States. First prize: $2,000
  • 1898 – Cheerleading is started at the University of Minnesota with Johnny Campbell leading the crowd in cheering on the football team.
  • 1899 – The Boers begin their 118 day siege of British held Ladysmith during the Second Boer War.
  • 1909 – Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity is founded at Boston University.
  • 1914 – Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1917 – The Balfour Declaration proclaims British support for the “establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people” with the clear understanding “that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities”.
  • 1920 – In the United States, KDKA of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania starts broadcasting as the first commercial radio station. The first broadcast was the results of the U.S. presidential election, 1920.
  • 1920 – QANTAS makes its first commercial passenger flight, in Queensland, Australia. Qantas is now the second-oldest airline operating today.
  • 1930 – Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1936 – The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established.
  • 1936 – Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers.
  • 1936 – The British Broadcasting Corporation initiates the BBC Television Service, the world’s first regular, high-definition (then defined as at least 200 lines) service. Renamed BBC1 in 1964, the channel still runs to this day.
  • 1947 – In California, designer Howard Hughes performs the maiden (and only) flight of the Spruce Goose; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built.
  • 1953 – The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan names the country The Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
  • 1957 – The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity, and remains one of the most impressive UFO cases in American history.
  • 1959 – Quiz show scandals: Twenty One game show contestant Charles Van Doren admits to a Congressional committee that he had been given questions and answers in advance.
  • 1959 – Ice Hockey: After being struck in the face with a puck, goalkeeper Jacques Plante returns to play wearing a protective mask for the first time in professional play.
  • 1959 – The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway.
  • 1960 – Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley’s Lover
  • 1963 – South Vietnamese President is assassinated following a military coup.
  • 1964 – King Saud of Saudi Arabia is deposed by a family coup, and replaced by his halfbrother King Faisal.
  • 1965 – Norman Morrison, a 31-year-old Quaker, sets himself on fire in front of the river entrance to the Pentagon to protest the use of napalm in the Vietnam war.
  • 1966 – The Cuban Adjustment Act enters force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and “The Wise Men” conclude that the American people should be given more optimistic reports on the progress of the war.
  • 1973 – The Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Communist Party of India forms a ‘United Front’ in the state of Tripura.
  • 1974 – 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.
  • 1982 – Channel 4 begins transmission in the UK
  • 1983 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King Day.
  • 1984 – Capital punishment: Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962.
  • 1988 – The Morris worm, the first internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, is launched from MIT.
  • 1991 – Bartholomew I becomes the Patriarch of Constantinople.
  • 1995 – Former South African defense minister General Magnus Malan and 10 other former senior military officers are arrested and charged with murdering 13 black people in 1987, (all the accused are later acquitted).
  • 2000 – The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.

November 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1082 – Emperor Huizong of China (d. 1135)
  • 1475 – Princess Anne of York (d. 1511)
  • 1636 – Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (d. 1721)
  • 1667 – James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (d. 1737)
  • 1692 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer (d. 1766)
  • 1696 – Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania’s ambassador to the Native Americans (d. 1760)
  • 1699 – Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (d. 1779)
  • 1709 – Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (d. 1759)
  • 1739 – Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer (d. 1799)
  • 1741 – Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol, Dutch politician (d. 1784)
  • 1755 – Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (d. 1793)
  • 1766 – Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal (d. 1858)
  • 1777 – Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Zólkowski, Polish actor (d. 1822)
  • 1777 – Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom (d. 1848)
  • 1795 – James Knox Polk, 11th President of the United States (d. 1849)
  • 1808 – Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer (d. 1889)
  • 1815 – George Boole, English mathematician and philosopher (d. 1864)
  • 1821 – Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor (d. 1899)
  • 1837 – Émile Bayard, French artist, illustrator (d. (1891)
  • 1844 – Mehmed V, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • 1865 – Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (d. 1923)
  • 1877 – Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul (d. 1933)
  • 1877 – Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (d. 1915)
  • 1877 – Aga Khan III, Shia Imam (d. 1957)
  • 1883 – Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, cardinal and archbishop of Quebec (d. 1947)
  • 1885 – Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician (d. 1971)
  • 1892 – Alice Brady, Academy Award-winning American actress (d. 1939)
  • 1893 – Battista Farina, founder of Pininfarina company (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Travis Jackson, American baseball player (d. 1987)
  • 1905 – James Dunn, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1906 – Daniil Andreev, Russian poet (d. 1959)
  • 1906 – Luchino Visconti, Italian director (d. 1976)
  • 1908 – Fred Bakewell, English cricketer (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Odysseus Elytis, Greek writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Raphael Robinson, US mathematician (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Burt Lancaster, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Johnny Vander Meer, baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Beryl McBurnie, Trinidadian dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Sidney Luft, American movie director (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Ann Rutherford, American actress
  • 1921 – Shepard Menken, American voice actor (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Bill Mosienko, National Hockey League player (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Father David Bauer, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Rudy Van Gelder, American recording engineer
  • 1927 – Steve Ditko, American artist
  • 1929 – Muhammad Rafiq Tarar, President of Pakistan
  • 1929 – Richard E. Taylor, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1934 – Bill Gothard, American speaker
  • 1934 – Ken Rosewall, Australian tennis player
  • 1936 – Abdullah the Butcher, wrestler
  • 1936 – Rose Bird, American judge (d. 1999)
  • 1936 – Jack Starrett, American actor and director (d. 1989)
  • 1937 – Earl Carroll, lead vocalist of The Cadillacs
  • 1938 – Jay Black, American singer (Jay and the Americans)
  • 1938 – Pat Buchanan, American journalist and politician
  • 1938 – Queen Sofia of Spain
  • 1939 – Richard Serra, American sculptor and video artist
  • 1940 – Jim Bakken, American football player
  • 1941 – Bruce Welch, English musician and songwriter (The Shadows)
  • 1942 – Shere Hite, American author
  • 1942 – Stefanie Powers, American actress
  • 1944 – Patrice Chéreau, French director, actor and producer
  • 1944 – Keith Emerson, British keyboardist and composer (Emerson, Lake & Palmer)
  • 1946 – Alan Jones, Australian race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
  • 1946 – Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Simon Augustini, Albanian politician
  • 1951 – Thomas Mallon, American novelist and critic
  • 1951 – Lindy Morrison, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens)
  • 1952 – Maxine Nightingale, English singer
  • 1954 – Pat Croce, American entrepreneur
  • 1955 – Chris Burnett, American musician
  • 1956 – Peter Mullan, Scottish actor
  • 1957 – Carter Beauford, American drummer (Dave Matthews Band)
  • 1957 – Rita Crockett, American Olympic volleyball player
  • 1958 – Willie McGee, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Tihomir Blaškic, Croatian war criminal
  • 1961 – K.D. Lang, Canadian musician
  • 1961 – Jeff Tedford, head coach of the California Golden Bears
  • 1962 – Mireille Delunsch, French soprano
  • 1962 – Simon Hill, English-Australian Football commentator
  • 1963 – Craig Saavedra, American filmmaker
  • 1964 – Britta Lejon, Swedish politician
  • 1965 – Shahrukh Khan, Indian actor
  • 1966 – Sean Kanan, American actor
  • 1966 – Tim Kirkman, American filmmaker
  • 1966 – Khaled Abol Naga, Egyptian actor
  • 1966 – David Schwimmer, American actor
  • 1967 – Kurt Elling, American jazz vocalist
  • 1967 – Marc van Roon, Dutch improvising musician
  • 1968 – Ultra Naté, American musician
  • 1969 – Reginald Arvizu, American bassist
  • 1970 – Sharmell Sullivan, American professional wrestling valet
  • 1972 – Samantha Janus, British entertainer
  • 1972 – Darío Silva, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1972 – Vladimir Vorobiev, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Marisol Nichols, American actress
  • 1974 – Orlando Cabrera, Colombian baseball player
  • 1974 – Nelly, American rapper
  • 1974 – Prodigy, American rapper (Mobb Deep)
  • 1974 – Stéphane Sarrazin, French rally driver
  • 1975 – Chris Walla, American musician (Death Cab for Cutie)
  • 1976 – Sidney Ponson, Aruban baseball player
  • 1977 – Jason Cerbone, American actor (The Sopranos)
  • 1977 – Randy Harrison, American actor
  • 1978 – Vitor “Shaolin” Ribeiro, Brazilian mixed-martial artist and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu world champion
  • 1979 – Julie Lund, Danish actress
  • 1980 – Kim So-yeon, South Korean actress
  • 1981 – Wilson Betemit, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Avy Scott, American actress
  • 1982 – Kyoko Fukada, Japanese actress, model and singer
  • 1984 – Tamara Hope, Canadian actress
  • 1984 – Julia Stegner, German supermodel
  • 1986 – Erika Jo, American musician
  • 1986 – Lara Sacher, Australian actress
  • 1987 – Danny Cipriani English rugby union player.
  • 1988 – Lindze Letherman, American actress (General Hospital)
  • 1989 – Katelyn Tarver, American singer

November 2 – Deaths:

  • 943 – Queen Emma of France, (b. 894)
  • 1083 – Matilda of Flanders, Queen consort (b. 1031)
  • 1285 – King Peter III of Aragon (b. 1239)
  • 1327 – King James II of Aragon (b. 1267)
  • 1483 – Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician (b. 1454)
  • 1610 – Richard Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1544)
  • 1618 – Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (b. 1568)
  • 1716 – Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (b. 1651)
  • 1807 – Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (b. 1730)
  • 1852 – Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (b. 1782)
  • 1863 – Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)
  • 1877 – Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (b. 1784)
  • 1887 – Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano (b. 1820)
  • 1898 – George Goyder, English-born surveyor-general of South Australia (b. 1826)
  • 1905 – Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist (b. 1817)
  • 1935 – Jock Cameron, South African cricketer (b. 1905)
  • 1944 – Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1945 – Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1880)
  • 1949 – Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1856)
  • 1960 – Dimitris Mitropoulos, Greek conductor and composer (b. 1896)
  • 1961 – James Thurber, American humorist (b. 1894)
  • 1966 – Peter Debye, Dutch chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – Mississippi John Hurt, American blues singer (b. 1892)
  • 1970 – Richard Cardinal Cushing, archbishop of Boston (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (b. 1922)
  • 1979 – Jacques Mesrine, French criminal (b. 1936)
  • 1984 – Velma Barfield, American murderer (b. 1932)
  • 1986 – Paul Frees, American voice actor (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Irwin Allen, American film producer (b. 1916)
  • 1992 – Hal Roach, American director and producer (b. 1892)
  • 1996 – Eva Cassidy, American singer (b. 1963)
  • 1998 – Vincent Winter, British actor (b. 1957)
  • 2002 – Tonio Selwart, German actor (b. 1896)
  • 2002 – Charles Sheffield, American author and physicist (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Frank McCloskey, American politician (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, President of the United Arab Emirates (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Theo van Gogh, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1957)
  • 2004 – Gerrie Knetemann, Dutch cyclist (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Ferruccio Valcareggi, Italian football player and coach
  • 2007 – Charmaine Dragun, Australian journalist (b. 1978)
  • 2007 – Witold Kieltyka, Polish metal drummer (Decapitated) (b. 1984)
  • 2007 – Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (b. 1906)
  • 2007 – Lillian Ellison, American professional wrestler (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Henry Cele, South African Actor; best known for his onscreen portrayal of the legendary Shaka Zulu

November 2 – Holidays:

  • Catholicism – All Souls Day
  • Ancient Latvia – Dveselu Diena held
  • Mexico and Ecuador – Day of the Dead (Spanish: El Dia de los Muertos), a celebration of dead ancestors.
  • USA – admission day (1889) of North Dakota and South Dakota as 39th and 40th states.
  • Rastafari movement – The coronation of Haile Selassie (1930) celebrated
  • Brazil and Portugal – Dia de Finados, a celebration of dead ancestors in the All Souls Day.

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On This Day in History November 1

November 1 – Events:

  • 996 – Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi (Austria in Old High German).
  • 1512 – The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.
  • 1520 – The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America, connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first navigated by Ferdinand Magellan during his global circumnavigation voyage.
  • 1604 – William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
  • 1611 – William Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
  • 1612 – (22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky.
  • 1683 – The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
  • 1755 – Lisbon earthquake: In Portugal, Lisbon is destroyed by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between sixty thousand and ninety thousand people.
  • 1765 – The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.
  • 1790 – Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster.
  • 1800 – US President John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).
  • 1802 – Delegates meet at Chillicothe, Ohio to form a state constitutional convention.
  • 1805 – Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria during the War of the Third Coalition.
  • 1814 – Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1848 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
  • 1859 – The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing the aged General Winfield Scott.
  • 1870 – In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast.
  • 1876 – New Zealand’s provincial government system is dissolved.
  • 1884 – The Gaelic Athletic Association is set up in Hayes’s Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary.
  • 1886 – Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.
  • 1894 – Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
  • 1896 – A picture showing the unclad (bare) breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time.
  • 1901 – Sigma Phi Epsilon, a national men’s collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
  • 1911 – The first dropping of a bomb from an airplane in combat, during the Italo-Turkish War.
  • 1914 – World War I: the first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific.
  • 1915 – Parris Island is officially designated a Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
  • 1916 – Paul Miliukov delivers in the State Duma the famous “stupidity or treason” speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
  • 1918 – Malbone Street Wreck: the worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 93 deaths.
  • 1918 – Western Ukraine gains its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • 1920 – American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.
  • 1922 – The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates.
  • 1928 – The Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet, replacing the version of the Arabic alphabet previously used, comes into force in Turkey.
  • 1937 – Stalinists executed by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan’s Lutheran community (including three women).
  • 1938 – Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed “the match of the century” in horse racing.
  • 1939 – The first rabbit born after artificial insemination is exhibited to the world.
  • 1941 – American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, United States Marines, the 3rd Marine Division, land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
  •  1943 – World War II: In support of the landings on Bougainville, U.S. aircraft carrier forces attack the huge Japanese base at Rabaul.
  • 1944 – World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • 1945 – The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro.
  • 1945 – Australia joins the United Nations.
  • 1946 – The New York Knicks played against the Toronto Huskies at the Maple Leaf Gardens, in the first Basketball Association of America game. The Knicks would win 68-66.
  • 1948 – Off southern Manchuria, 6,000 people are killed as a Chinese merchant ship explodes and sinks.
  • 1950 – Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.
  • 1950 – Pope Pius XII witnesses “The Miracle of the Sun” while at the Vatican.
  • 1950 – Pope Pius XII claims Papal Infallibility when he formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
  • 1951 – American soldiers are exposed to an atomic explosion for training purposes in Desert Rock, Nevada. Participation was not voluntary.
  • 1952 – Operation Ivy – The United States successfully detonates the first large hydrogen bomb, codenamed “Mike” [“M” for megaton], in the Eniwetok atoll, located in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. The explosion had a yield of 10 megatons.
  • 1954 – The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.
  • 1955 – The bombing of United Airlines Flight 629 occurs.
  • 1956 – Formation of Indian state of Andhra Pradesh with its capital as Hyderabad, formerly known as Nizam state.
  • 1956 – Formation of the Indian state of Karnataka (1973), formerly known as Mysore State.
  • 1956 – Formation of Kerala state in India.
  • 1957 – The Mackinac Bridge, the world’s longest suspension bridge between anchorages at the time, opens to traffic connecting Michigan’s upper and lower peninsulas.
  • 1960 – While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
  • 1963 – The Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens.
  • 1970 – A fire at a dance hall in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France kills 144 young people.
  • 1973 – Watergate Scandal: Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.
  • 1973 – The Indian state of Mysore was renamed as Karnataka to represent all the regions within Karunadu .
  • 1981 – Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1982 – Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of their factory in Marysville, Ohio. The Honda Accord is the first car produced there.
  • 1991 – Three faculty, and one staff member of the department of physics and astronomy, were killed, along with one administrator, when physics graduate student Gang Lu went on a shooting rampage at the University of Iowa.
  • 1993 – The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union.
  • 1998 – The European Court of Human Rights is instituted.
  • 2005 – First part of the Gomery Report, which discusses allegations of political money manipulation, is released in Canada.

November 1 – Birthdays:

  • 846 – Louis the Stammerer, King of West Francia (d. 879)
  • 1339 – Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (d. 1365)
  • 1351 – Duke Leopold III of Austria (d. 1386)
  • 1526 – Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, queen of Sweden and duchess of Finland (d. 1583)
  • 1530 – Étienne de La Boétie, French judge and writer (d. 1563)
  • 1539 – Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (d. 1596)
  • 1549 – Anna of Austria, fourth wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1580)
  • 1567 – Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (d. 1626)
  • 1578 – Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (d. 1642)
  • 1585 – Jan Brozek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
  • 1607 – Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (d. 1658)
  • 1611 – François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (d. 1656)
  • 1629 – St. Oliver Plunkett, last Catholic martyr to die in England. (d. 1681)
  • 1636 – Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (d. 1711)
  • 1643 – John Strype, English historian and biographer (d. 1737)
  • 1661 – Florent Carton Dancourt, French dramatist and actor (d. 1725)
  • 1704 – Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (d. 1779)
  • 1720 – Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (d. 1791)
  • 1727 – Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov, founder of the Moscow University (d. 1797)
  • 1762 – Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1812)
  • 1778 – Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (d. 1837)
  • 1782 – Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1859)
  • 1808 – John Taylor, American religious leader (d. 1887)
  • 1847 – Emma Albani, Canadian soprano (d. 1930)
  • 1860 – Boies Penrose, United States Senator from Pennsylvania (d. 1921)
  • 1871 – Stephen Crane, American writer (d. 1900)
  • 1877 – Roger Quilter, British composer (d. 1953)
  • 1878 – Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter (d. 1925)
  • 1878 – Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentine politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1959)
  • 1880 – Sholom Asch, Polish-born American writer (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – Grantland Rice, American sports writer (d. 1954)
  • 1880 – Alfred Wegener, German meteorologist and geophysicist (d. 1930)
  • 1881 – Edward Van Sloan, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1886 – Hermann Broch, Austrian author (d. 1951)
  • 1887 – L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes (d. 1976)
  • 1889 – Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker, Canadian-born peace activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1982)
  • 1892 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian-born chess player (d. 1946)
  • 1898 – Arthur Legat, Belgian racing driver (d. 1960)
  • 1902 – Eugen Jochum, German conductor (d. 1987)
  • 1903 – Max Adrian, Irish actor (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – Edward “Carji” Greeves, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – Paul-Émile Borduas, Quebec painter (d. 1960)
  • 1911 – Henri Troyat, French author and historian (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – James Kilpatrick, American journalist
  • 1920 – Ted Lowe, English former snooker commentator
  • 1921 – John W. Peterson, American songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian author (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Victoria de los Angeles, Spanish soprano (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Jean-Luc Pépin, French Canadian politician (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – Süleyman Demirel, 9th President of Turkey
  • 1926 – Lou Donaldson, American jazz alto saxophonist
  • 1929 – Betsy Palmer, American actress
  • 1929 – Nicholas Mavroules, U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – A. R. Gurney, American playwright
  • 1932 – John Clark, English-born actor/director
  • 1932 – Al Arbour, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1934 – Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (d. 2004)
  •  1934 – Gillian Knight, English mezzo-soprano
  • 1934 – William Mathias, British composer (d. 1992)
  • 1935 – Gary Player, South African golfer
  • 1935 – Edward Said, Palestinian-born literary critic (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Eddie Colman, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1937 – Bill Anderson, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1939 – Barbara Bosson, American actress
  • 1940 – Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Chief Justice of India
  • 1940 – Barry Sadler, American singer (d. 1989)
  • 1941 – Alfio Basile, Argentine football coach
  • 1942 – Larry Flynt, American magazine publisher
  • 1942 – Ralph Klein, Premier of Alberta
  • 1942 – Marcia Wallace, American actress
  • 1943 – Salvatore Adamo, popular singer
  • 1943 – John McEnery, English actor
  • 1944 – Oscar Temaru, President of French Polynesia
  • 1946 – Ric Grech, English rock bassist (Family, Ginger Baker’s Air Force, Traffic) (d. 1990)
  • 1946 – Dennis Muren, American special effects artist
  • 1946 – Lynne Russell, ex-CNN news anchor
  • 1947 – Jim Steinman, American songwriter
  • 1948 – Phil Myre, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 – Michael D. Griffin, NASA chief administrator
  • 1950 – Robert B. Laughlin, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1950 – Dan Peek, American guitarist (America)
  • 1951 – Ronald Bell, American singer and saxophonist (Kool & the Gang)
  • 1951 – Fabrice Luchini, French actor
  • 1953 – Jan Davis, American astronaut
  • 1955 – Beth Leavel, American musical theatre actress
  • 1955 – Mike Mendoza, British radio personality
  • 1957 – Lyle Lovett, American singer
  • 1957 – Carlos Paião, Portuguese singer (d. 1988)
  • 1958 – Charlie Kaufman, American screenwriter
  • 1958 – Jim Steinmeyer, Illusion creator
  • 1958 – Rachel Ticotin, American actress
  • 1960 – Fernando Valenzuela, Mexican baseball player
  • 1961 – Louise Boije af Gennäs, Swedish writer
  • 1961 – Calvin Johnson, American musician (Beat Happening, The Halo Benders, Dub Narcotic Sound System)
  • 1962 – Anthony Kiedis, American singer (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1963 – Rick Allen, British drummer (Def Leppard)
  • 1963 – Kenny Alphin, American guitarist (Big & Rich)
  • 1963 – Monty Sopp, American professional wrestler
  • 1963 – Mark Hughes, Welsh footballer
  • 1964 – Daran Norris, American actor
  • 1966 – Barbara Becker, German actress; ex-wife of Boris Becker
  • 1966 – Willie D, American hip hop artist, famous for being a member of The Geto Boys
  • 1966 – Mary Hansen, Australian guitarist and singer (Stereolab) (d. 2002)
  • 1967 – Sophie B. Hawkins, American musician
  • 1967 – Tina Arena, Australian singer
  • 1967 – Carla van de Puttelaar, Dutch photographer
  • 1968 – Park Shin-yang, South Korean actor
  • 1969 – Tie Domi, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Vikram Chatwal, Indian hotelier
  • 1972 – Jenny McCarthy, American “Playmate of the Year” and TV actress
  • 1972 – Toni Collette, Australian actress
  • 1972 – Paul Dickov, Scottish footballer
  • 1973 – Aishwarya Rai, Indian actress
  • 1973 – Geoff Horsfield, English footballer
  • 1974 – V. V. S. Laxman, Indian cricketer
  • 1975 – Bo Bice, American singer
  • 1975 – Scott “Skippy” Chapman, American singer/musician/songwriter
  • 1976 – Matt Chapman, American cartoonist and voice actor
  • 1976 – Logan Marshall-Green, American actor
  • 1978 – Manju Warrier, Indian actress
  • 1978 – Mary Kate Schellhardt, American actress
  • 1979 – Coco Crisp, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Delgado, Angolan footballer
  • 1979 – Milan Dudic, Serbian footballer
  • 1979 – Henry Shefflin, Irish hurler
  • 1982 – Michael Copon, American actor
  • 1983 – Yuko Ogura, Japanese model
  • 1983 – Josh Wicks, American soccer player
  • 1984 – kw.oon, System Developer
  • 1986 – Penn Badgley, American actor
  • 1986 – Dizzee Rascal, English rapper
  • 1987 – Caitlin McCarthy, Victoria’s secret model
  • 1988 – Ross Montague, English footballer

November 1 – Deaths:

  • 921 – Richard, Duke of Burgundy
  • 955 – Henry I, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1296 – Guillaume Durand, French writer (b. 1230)
  • 1391 – Amadeus VII of Savoy (b. 1360)
  • 1399 – John V, Duke of Brittany (b. 1339)
  • 1546 – Giulio Romano, Italian painter
  • 1588 – Jean Daurat, French poet (b. 1508)
  • 1596 – Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)
  • 1642 – Jean Nicolet, French explorer (b. 1598)
  • 1676 – Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (b. 1589)
  • 1678 – William Coddington, first Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)
  • 1700 – Charles II of Spain (b. 1661)
  • 1814 – Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • 1888 – Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (b. 1838)
  • 1894 – Tsar Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845)
  • 1903 – Theodor Mommsen, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1817)
  • 1907 – Alfred Jarry, French writer (b.1873)
  • 1942 – Hugo Distler, German composer (b. 1908)
  • 1947 – Man o’ War, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 1917)
  • 1955 – Dale Carnegie, American writer (b. 1888)
  • 1962 – Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (b. 1942)
  • 1968 – George Papandreou, Greek politician (b. 1888)
  • 1972 – Ezra Pound, American poet (b. 1885)
  • 1979 – Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (b. 1896)
  • 1982 – King Vidor, American film director (b. 1894)
  • 1982 – James Broderick, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1983 – Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch musicologist (b. 1887)
  • 1985 – Phil Silvers, American actor and comedian (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Serge Garant, French-Canadian composer and conductor (b. 1929)
  • 1987 – René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec (b. 1922)
  • 1993 – Severo Ochoa, Spanish–born biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Noah Beery, Jr., American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Walter Payton, American football player (b. 1954)
  • 1999 – Jean Coutu, Canadian actor (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Bernard Erhard, American voice actor (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Mac Dre, American rapper (b. 1970)
  • 2004 – Terry Knight, American music promoter (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Skitch Henderson, English-born bandleader (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Michael Piller, American screenwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2006 – William Styron, American author (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Adrienne Shelly, American actress (b. 1966)
  • 2007 – Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – S. Ali Raza, Bollywood Screenwriter (b. 1922)

November 1 – Holidays:

  • Mexico- Day of the Dead celebrations begin.
  • Roman festivals – last day of the Ludi Victoriae Sullanae.
  • Catholicism – Holy Day of Obligation, All Saints Day. Holiday in Austria, Belgium, Chile, Croatia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Guatemala.
  •  Algeria – National day
  •  Antigua and Barbuda – Independence Day (from Britain, 1981)
  • Ireland – Samhain the traditional first day of Winter
  • World Vegan Day
  • United States – Start of National Novel Writing Month
  • India-Kerala- State formation day (kerala piravi dinam-malayalam language)
  • India-Karnataka- Kannada Rajyotsava
  • India-Andhra Pradesh- State formation day
  • November 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

 

 

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On This Day in History October 31

October 31 – Events:

  • 445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 9:1).
  • 475 – Romulus Augustulus was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 1517 – Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
  • 1587 – Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • 1822 – Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempted to dissolve the Mexican Empire.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army.
  • 1863 – The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.
  • 1864 – Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
  • 1876 – A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths.
  • 1892 – Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
  • 1912 – The Musketeers of Pig Alley, directed by D.W. Griffith, debuts as the first gangster film.
  • 1912 – Dominican Republic becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Beersheba – “last successful cavalry charge in history”
  • 1918 – Banat Republic founded
  • 1923 – 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia begins.
  • 1924 – World Savings Day was announced in Milano/Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
  • 1926 – Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
  • 1936 – The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was formed.
  • 1938 – Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain ends – The United Kingdom prevents Germany from invading Great Britain.
  • 1941 – After 14 years of work, drilling is completed on Mount Rushmore.
  • 1941 – World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
  • 1943 – World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar guided interception.
  • 1954 – Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
  • 1959 – Lee Harvey Oswald attempted to renounce his American citizenship at the US Embassy in Moscow, USSR.
  • 1961 – In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin’s body is removed from Lenin’s Tomb.
  • 1963 – Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) explosion in Indianapolis kills 74 people during an ice skating show. The mammoth explosion injured 400. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand was blamed.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of “all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam” effective November 1.
  • 1984 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards (riots soon broke out in New Delhi and nearly 2,000 innocent Sikhs were killed).
  • 1986 – The 5th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden is inaugurated. During the course of the congress the party name is changed to the Solidarity Party and the party ceases to be a communist party.
  • 1991 – A three day long snow and ice storm, dubbed the Halloween Blizzard, begins over portions of the Upper Midwest of the United States.
  • 1994 – An American Eagle ATR-72 crashes in Roselawn, Indiana, after circling in icy weather, killing 68 passengers and crew.
  • 1996 – The Fokker F100 on TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes into several houses in São Paulo, Brazil killing 98 including 2 on the ground.
  • 1997 – 19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by a Cambridge, Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1998 – Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
  • 1999 – EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  • 1999 – Roman Catholic Church and Lutheran Church leaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
  • 1999 – Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.
  • 2000 – A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and four crew members
  • 2000 – A chartered Antonov An-26 explodes after takeoff in Northern Angola killing 50 2000 – The last Multics machine was shut down.
  • 2002 – A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas formally indicted former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
  • 2003 – A bankruptcy court approves MCI’s reorganization plans, essentially clearing the  telecommunications company to exit bankruptcy.
  • 2003 – Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir’s 22 years in power.
  • 2004 – Passenger airline service ends at Mirabel International Airport in Montreal, Canada.
  • 2005 – U.S. President George W. Bush nominates Appeals court judge Samuel Alito to join the Supreme Court of the United States.

October 31 – Birthdays:

  • 1291 – Philippe de Vitry, French composer (d. 1361)
  • 1345 – King Fernando I of Portugal (d. 1383)
  • 1391 – King Duarte of Portugal (d. 1438)
  • 1424 – King Wladislaus III of Poland (d. 1444)
  • 1538 – Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (d. 1607)
  • 1599 – Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (d. 1680)
  • 1620 – John Evelyn, English diarist (d. 1706)
  • 1622 – Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (d. 1694)
  • 1632 – (baptism) Johannes Vermeer, Flemish painter (d. 1675)
  • 1636 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1679)
  • 1692 – Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1705 – Pope Clement XIV (d. 1774)
  • 1711 – Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (d. 1778)
  • 1724 – Christopher Anstey, English writer (d. 1805)
  • 1737 – James Lovell, American educator (d. 1789)
  • 1795 – John Keats, British poet (d. 1821)
  • 1815 – Karl Weierstraß, German mathematician (d. 1897)
  • 1825 – Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
  • 1827 – Richard Morris Hunt, American educator (d. 1895)
  • 1831 – Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist (d. 1910)
  • 1835 – Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1835 – Krišjanis Barons, Latvian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1838 – King Louis of Portugal (d. 1889)
  • 1848 – Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1851 – Lovisa of Sweden, queen of Denmark (d. 1926)
  • 1860 – Juliette Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts (d. 1927)
  • 1875 – Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Sara Allgood, Irish actress (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Marie Laurencin, French painter (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist Chinese leader, former Republic of China president (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (d. 1944)
  • 1892 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Basil Liddell Hart, British military historian (d. 1970)
  • 1896 – Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1902 – Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1912 – Dale Evans, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Ollie Johnston, American animator
  • 1914 – Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden
  • 1917 – Thomas Hill, Canadian actor
  • 1918 – Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Magnus Wenninger, American priest, author of Polyhedron models
  • 1920 – Dick Francis, Welsh novelist
  • 1920 – Joseph Gelineau French composer
  • 1920 – Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan rebel leader (d. 1957)
  • 1920 – Helmut Newton, German photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Anatoli Papanov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1922 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia
  • 1925 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Jimmy Savile, English entertainer
  • 1927 – Lee Grant, American actress
  • 1928 – Cleo Moore, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Eddie Charlton, Australian snooker player (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Bud Spencer, Italian actor
  • 1930 – Michael Collins, American astronaut
  • 1931 – Dan Rather, American television journalist
  • 1933 – Phil Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936 – Michael Landon, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1937 – Tom Paxton, American singer-songwriter
  • 1939 – Ron Rifkin, American actor
  • 1939 – Tom O’Connor, British comedian
  • 1939 – Alui Farka Touré, Malian musician
  • 1941 – Derek Bell, British racing driver
  • 1941 – Dan Alderson, American scientist
  • 1942 – Dave McNally, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1942 – David Ogden Stiers, American actor
  • 1943 – Paul Frampton, English physicist
  • 1943 – Brian Piccolo, American football player (d. 1970)
  • 1944 – Kinky Friedman, American musician and novelist
  • 1944 – Sally Kirkland, American actress
  • 1945 – Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor
  • 1945 – Russ Ballard, English rock singer/songwriter, guitarist (Argent)
  • 1946 – Stephen Rea, Irish actor
  • 1946 – Norman Lovett, British actor
  • 1947 – Deidre Hall, American actress
  • 1947 – Frank Shorter, American runner
  • 1949 – Bob Siebenberg, American drummer (Supertramp)
  • 1950 – John Candy, Canadian comedian and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1950 – Jozef Stolorz, polish art painter
  • 1950 – Jane Pauley, American news anchor
  • 1950 – Zaha Hadid, British architect
  • 1950 – Antonio Taguba, US Army Major General
  • 1951 – Nick Saban, American college football coach
  • 1952 – Bernard Edwards, American bass guitarist (Chic) (d. 1996)
  • 1953 – Michael J. Anderson, American actor
  • 1953 – John Lucas II, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Ken Wahl, American actor
  • 1957 – Robert Pollard, American rocker
  • 1957 – Brian Stokes Mitchell, American singer and actor
  • 1958 – Jeannie Longo, French cyclist
  • 1959 – Neal Stephenson, American author
  • 1959 – Mats Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican delegate to Congress
  • 1960 – Arnaud Desplechin, French film director
  • 1960 – Mike Gallego, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Reza Pahlavi, former crown prince of Iran
  • 1961 – Peter Jackson, New Zealand film director
  • 1961 – Larry Mullen, Irish drummer (U2)
  • 1961 – Alonzo Babers, American runner
  • 1961 – Kate Campbell, American musician
  • 1963 – Mikkey Dee, Swedish musician, drummer for Motörhead
  • 1963 – Dunga, Brazilian footballer
  • 1963 – Johnny Marr, English guitarist and songwriter (The Smiths)
  • 1963 – Fred McGriff, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Dermot Mulroney, American actor
  • 1963 – Rob Schneider, American actor
  • 1964 – Colm O’Ciosoig, Irish drummer (My Bloody Valentine, Hope Sandoval & the Warm Inventions)
  • 1964 – Marco van Basten, Dutch footballer
  • 1964 – Marty Wright, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Darryl Worley, American country singer
  • 1965 – Annabella Lwin, British singer (Bow Wow Wow)
  • 1965 – Rob Rackstraw, voice actor
  • 1966 – Adam Horovitz (Adrock), American rapper (Beastie Boys)
  • 1966 – Koji Kanemoto, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Joseph Boyden, Canadian novelist
  • 1967 – Vanilla Ice, American rapper
  • 1968 – Antonio Davis, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Mike O’Malley, American actor
  • 1969 – David Coburn, American actor/voice actor
  • 1970 – Nicky Wu, Taiwanese actor and martial arts expert
  • 1970 – Linn Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
  • 1970 – Rogers Stevens, American guitarist (Blind Melon)
  • 1970 – Mitch Harris, American guitarist (Napalm Death, among others)
  • 1970 – Johnny Moeller, American blues guitarist
  • 1970 – Steve Trachsel, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – Ian Walker, English footballer
  • 1971 – Toby Anstis, British radio presenter
  • 1972 – Shaun Bartlett, South African footballer
  • 1972 – Matt Dawson, English rugby union footballer
  • 1973 – Tim Byrdak, American baseball player
  • 1973 – David Dellucci, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Grigorios Georgatos, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Beverly Lynne, American erotic film actress
  • 1974 – Muzzy Izzet, Turkish footballer
  • 1974 – Natasja Saad, Danish hip hop and reggae artist (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Fabio Celestini, Swiss footballer
  • 1976 – Guti, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Piper Perabo, American actress
  • 1977 – Sylviane Félix, French athlete
  • 1977 – Séverine Ferrer, French singer
  • 1978 – Emmanuel Izonritei, Nigerian boxer
  • 1978 – Zachary Knighton, American actor
  • 1978 – Martin Verkerk, Dutch tennis player
  • 1979 – Saaphyri Windsor, American reality tv figure
  • 1979 – Simão Sabrosa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1980 – Eddie Kaye Thomas, American actor,
  • 1980 – Samaire Armstrong, American actress
  • 1980 – Alondra de la Parra, Mexican founder and artistic director of the New York-based Philharmonic Orchestra of the Americas
  • 1981 – Irina Denezhkina, Russian writer
  • 1981 – Frank Iero, American musician (My Chemical Romance, Leathermouth, Pencey Prep; founder of Skeleton Crew)
  • 1981 – Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1981 – Jon Crocker, American songwriter
  • 1982 – Tomáš Plekanec, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1982 – The Cheeky Girls, British-Romanian singers
  • 1982 – Justin Chatwin, Canadian actor
  • 1983 – Katy French, Irish model (d. 2007)
  • 1986 – Christie Hayes, Australian actress
  • 1986 – Chris Alajajian, Australian racing driver
  • 1988 – Sébastien Buemi, Swiss racing driver
  • 1990 – James Charles Lewis aka Lil’ JJ, American actor/singer
  • 1991 – Jordan-Claire Green, American actress
  • 2005 – Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Felipe, Prince of Asturias and Letizia, Princess of Asturias

October 31 – Deaths:

  • 1147 – Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (bc. 1090)
  • 1214 – Leonora of England, queen of Alfonso VIII of Castile (b. 1162)
  • 1448 – John VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1390)
  • 1517 – Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)
  • 1641 – Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral and privateer (b. 1597)
  • 1659 – John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)
  • 1723 – Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1642)
  • 1732 – Victor Amadeus II of Savoy (b. 1666)
  • 1733 – Eberhard IV Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1676)
  • 1744 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
  • 1765 – Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (b. 1721)
  • 1768 – Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (b. 1690)
  • 1860 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (b. 1775)
  • 1879 – Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
  • 1879 – Joseph Hooker, American General (b. 1814)
  • 1883 – Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj
  • 1884 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (b. 1858)
  • 1913 – William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)
  • 1916 – Charles Taze Russell, American founder of the Jehovah’s Witnesses (b. 1852)
  • 1918 – Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (b. 1890)
  • 1920 – Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (b. 1854)
  • 1925 – Max Linder, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1926 – Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born magician (b. 1874)
  • 1929 – António José de Almeida, Portuguese politician and 6 President of Portugal (b. 1866)
  • 1939 – Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (b. 1884)
  • 1943 – Max Reinhardt, German film director (b. 1873)
  • 1952 – U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)
  • 1959 – Jean Cabannes, French physicist (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1916)
  • 1975 – SD Burman, Indian musician (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – George Halas, American football player, coach, and team owner (b. 1895)
  • 1984 – Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Eduardo de Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Anton Christoforidis, Greek boxer (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Joseph Campbell, American author and expert on mythology (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – John Houseman, Romanian-born actor and director (b. 1902)
  • 1988 – Alfred Pellan, Québécois painter (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – Joseph Papp, American theatrical producer (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Gene Anderson, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1993 – Federico Fellini, Italian director (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – River Phoenix, American actor (b. 1970)
  • 1995 – Rosalind Cash, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Marcel Carné, French film director (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (b. 1975)
  • 2000 – Watanabe Kazuki Japanese musician (Raphael) (b. 1981)
  • 2000 – Ring Lardner, Jr., American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
  • 2002 – Lionel Poilâne, French baker and entrepreneur (b. 1945)
  • 2002 – Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician, former president of Greece (b. 1903)
  • 2002 – Raf Vallone, Italian actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Indian singer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Mary Wimbush, English actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – John “Beatz” Holohan, American drummer (Bayside) (b. 1974)
  • 2005 – Hal Anger, American biophysicist (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Pieter Willem Botha, President of South Africa (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby union footballer (b. 1951)

October 31 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – October 31 is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Arnulf
    • St. Bega
    • St. Quentin
    • St. Urban
    • St. Wolfgang
  • Protestant Church, Slovenia – Reformation Day: Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on the Wittenberg church on this day in 1517
  • October 31 is Halloween
  • Cornwall – Allantide
  • Paganism and Celts – Samhain
  • Nevada Day

 

 

 

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On This Day in History October 30

October 30 – Events:

  • 637 – Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge.
  • 1137 – Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
  • 1270 – The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis end by an agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
  • 1340 – Battle of Rio Salado.
  • 1470 – Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle.
  • 1485 – Henry VII of England crowned.
  • 1502 – Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut for the second time.
  • 1831 – In Southampton County, Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave revolt in United States history.
  • 1863 – Danish Prince Wilhelm arrives in Athens to assume his throne as George I, King of the Hellenes.
  • 1864 – Second war of Schleswig ends. Denmark renounces all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.
  • 1864 – Helena, Montana is founded after four prospectors discover gold at “Last Chance Gulch.”
  • 1894 – Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially.
  • 1905 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia grants Russia’s first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.
  • 1918 – The Ottoman Empire signs an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in the Middle East.
  • 1920 – The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • 1922 – Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy.
  • 1925 – John Logie Baird creates Britain’s first television transmitter.
  • 1929 – The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Stuttgart, Germany.
  • 1938 – Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds, causing a nationwide panic in the United States.
  • 1941 – World War II: Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations.
  • 1941 – 1,500 Jews from Pidhaytsi (in western Ukraine) are sent by Nazis to Belzec extermination camp.
  • 1944 – Anne Frank and sister Margot Frank are deported from Auschwitz to the Bergen- Belsen concentration camp.
  • 1945 – Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs signs a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers to break the baseball color barrier.
  • 1947 – The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which is the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded.
  • 1950 – Pope Pius XII witnesses “The Miracle of the Sun” while at the Vatican.
  • 1953 – Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that the United States’ arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
  • 1960 – Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
  • 1961 – Nuclear testing: The Soviet Union detonates the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 58 megatons of yield, it is still the largest nuclear device ever detonated. Nikita Kruschev announces that the scientists had planned to make it 100 megatons, but had reduced the yield to reduce fallout over the Soviet Union.
  • 1961 – Because of “violations of Lenin’s precepts”, it is decreed that Josef Stalin’s body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin’s tomb and buried near the Kremlin wall with a plain granite marker instead.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: Just miles from Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by wave after wave of Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas. Among the dead, a sketch of Marine positions was found on the body of a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy who sold drinks to the Marines the day before.
  • 1970 – In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes large floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.
  • 1972 – A collision between two commuter trains in Chicago, Illinois kills 45 and injures 332.
  • 1973 – The Bosporus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time.
  • 1975 – Prince Juan Carlos becomes Spain’s acting head of state, taking over for the country’s ailing dictator, Gen. Francisco Franco.
  • 1980 – El Salvador and Honduras sign a peace treaty to put the border dispute fought over in 1969’s Football War before the International Court of Justice.
  • 1983 – The first democratic elections in Argentina after seven years of military rule are held.
  • 1985 – Space Shuttle Challenger lifts off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission.
  • 1987 – In Japan, NEC releases the first 16-bit home entertainment system, the TurboGrafx-16, known as PC Engine.
  • 1987 – Creation of Anprotec, the Brazilian Association of Science Parks and Business Incubators, which nowadays comprises circa 400 business incubators and 50 science and technology parks initiatives.
  • 1988 – Philip Morris buys Kraft Foods for U.S. $13.1 billion.
  • 1991 – The Madrid Conference for Middle East peace talks opens.
  • 1995 – Quebec sovereignists narrowly lose a referendum for a mandate to negotiate independence from Canada (vote was 50.6% to 49.4%).
  • 2002 – British Digital terrestrial television (DTT) Service Freeview begins transmitting in parts of the United Kingdom.
  • 2005 – The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.
  • 2007 – A magnitude 5.6 earthquake shook the San Francisco Bay at 08:04:54 PM (PDT) local time.

October 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1218 – Emperor Chukyo of Japan (d. 1234)
  • 1513 – Jacques Amyot, French writer (d. 1593)
  • 1624 – Paul Pellisson, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1668 – Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, queen in Prussia (d. 1705)
  • 1735 – John Adams, President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 1751 – Richard Sheridan, Irish playwright (d. 1816)
  • 1762 – André Chénier, French writer (d. 1794)
  • 1786 – Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer (d. 1871)
  • 1799 – Ignace Bourget, bishop of Montreal (d. 1885)
  • 1821 – Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russian writer (d. 1881)
  • 1839 – Alfred Sisley, French artist (d. 1899)
  • 1844 – Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist (d. 1930)
  • 1847 – Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (d. 1897)
  • 1857 – Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist (d. 1904)
  • 1861 – Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (d. 1929)
  • 1871 – Paul Valery, French poet (d. 1945)
  • 1871 – Buck Freeman, American baseball player (d. 1949)
  • 1881 – Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and author (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – William Halsey, Jr, American admiral (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Günther von Kluge, German field marshal (d. 1944)
  • 1885 – Ezra Pound, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Zoe Akins, American playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Konstantinos Tsiklitiras, Greek Olympic champion (d. 1913)
  • 1893 – Charles Atlas, Italian-born bodybuilder (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Roland Freisler, German Nazi politician (d. 1945)
  • 1894 – Jean Rostand, French biologist (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Ruth Gordon, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet (d. 1928)
  • 1897 – Rex Cherryman, American actor (d. 1928)
  • 1898 – Bill Terry, baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Ragnar Granit Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Alexander Gode, German-American linguist (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Giuseppe Farina, Italian race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1966)
  • 1907 – Sol Tax, American anthropologist (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Patsy Montana, American country music singer and songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1909 – Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (d. 1966)
  • 1911 – Ruth Hussey, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Richard E Holz, American composer
  • 1914 – Anna Wing, English actress
  • 1915 – Fred Friendly, American journalist (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Leon Day, American baseball player (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Bobby Bragan, American baseball player
  • 1917 – Nikolai Vasilievich Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Maurice Trintignant, French race car driver (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Jacques Swaters, Belgian racing driver
  • 1927 – Joe Adcock, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Nestor Almendros, Spanish cinematographer (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Clifford Brown, American musician (d. 1956)
  • 1931 – Vince Callahan, American politician
  • 1932 – Louis Malle, French film director (d. 1995)
  • 1932 – Barun De, Indian historian
  • 1934 – Frans Brüggen, Dutch musician
  • 1935 – Agota Kristof, Hungarian writer
  • 1935 – Michael Winner, British film director
  • 1935 – Jim Perry, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Robert Caro, American biographer
  • 1936 – Polina Astakhova, Ukrainian gymnast (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Claude Lelouch, French film director
  • 1939 – Leland H. Hartwell, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Grace Slick, American singer (Jefferson Airplane)
  • 1939 – Edward Holland, Jr., American singer
  • 1940 – Ed Lauter, American actor
  • 1941 – Theodor W. Hänsch, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Otis Williams, American singer
  • 1943 – Joanna Shimkus, Canadian actress
  • 1945 – Henry Winkler, American actor
  • 1947 – Timothy B. Schmit, American musician (Eagles)
  • 1948 – Rusty Goffe, British actor
  • 1951 – Harry Hamlin, American actor
  • 1953 – Charles Martin Smith, American actor
  • 1954 – Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer
  • 1956 – Juliet Stevenson, English actress
  • 1957 – Kevin Pollak, American actor
  • 1957 – Andy Archer, Scottish dramatist
  • 1958 – Joe Delaney, American football player (d. 1983)
  • 1958 – Stefan Dennis, Australian actor
  • 1958 – Ramona d’Viola, American cyclist
  • 1960 – Diego Armando Maradona, Argentine footballer
  • 1961 – Scott Garrelts, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Courtney Walsh, West Indian cricketer
  • 1963 – Michael Beach, American actor
  • 1963 – Kristina Wagner, American actress
  • 1964 – Howard Lederer, American poker player
  • 1966 – Scott Innes, American voice actor
  • 1967 – Brad Aitken, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Gavin Rossdale, English musician
  • 1968 – Jack Plotnick, American actor
  • 1969 – Masanori Hikichi, Japanese composer
  • 1970 – Maja Tatic, Bosnia singer
  • 1970 – Nia Long, American actress
  • 1970 – Ekaterini Voggoli, Greek discus thrower
  • 1971 – Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1973 – Adam “Edge” Copeland, Canadian wrestler
  • 1973 – Silvia Corzo, Colombian newscaster
  • 1973 – Michael Oakes, English footballer
  • 1976 – Stern John, Trinidadian footballer
  • 1976 – Maurice Taylor, American Basketball Player
  • 1977 – Jason Adelman, American actor
  • 1977 – Charmian Faulkner, Australian crime victim
  • 1978 – Martin Dossett, American football player
  • 1978 – Amanda Swafford, American model
  • 1979 – Jason Bartlett, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Yukie Nakama, Japanese actress
  • 1980 – Sarah Carter, Canadian actress
  • 1980 – Choi Hong-man, South Korean kickboxer
  • 1981 – Ivanka Trump, American model
  • 1981 – Jun Ji-hyun, South Korean actress
  • 1981 – Ian Snell, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Andy Greene, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Manny Parra, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Iain Hume, Canadian footballer
  • 1993 – Trent Edwards, American Football Player
  • 1984 – Eva Pigford, American model
  • 1986 – Thomas Morgenstern, Austrian ski jumper
  • 1987 – Junaid Siddique, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1988 – Janel Parrish, American actress
  • 1989 – Nastia Liukin, American gymnast
  • 1989 – Seth Adkins, American actor

October 30 – Deaths:

  • 1459 – Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (b. 1380)
  • 1522 – Jean Mouton, French composer
  • 1553 – Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)
  • 1602 – Jean-Jacques Boissard, French poet (b. 1528)
  • 1611 – King Charles IX of Sweden (b. 1550)
  • 1626 – Willebrord Snell, Dutch astronomer and mathematician (b. 1580)
  • 1632 – Henri II de Montmorency, French naval officer and Governor of Languedoc (b. 1595)
  • 1654 – Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (b. 1633)
  • 1680 – Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (b. 1616)
  • 1685 – Michel le Tellier, French statesman (b. 1603)
  • 1809 – William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1738)
  • 1816 – Frederick I of Württemberg (b. 1754)
  • 1842 – Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – Pietro Raimondi, Italian composer (b. 1786)
  • 1883 – Robert Volkmann, German composer (b. 1815)
  • 1893 – John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, third Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
  • 1894 – Honoré Mercier, politician, Premier of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1899 – William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1816)
  • 1910 – Henry Dunant, Swiss founder of the Red Cross, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1828)
  • 1912 – James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (b. 1855)
  • 1915 – Charles Tupper, sixth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
  • 1923 – Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)
  • 1957 – Fred Beebe, baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 1966 – Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Rose Wilder Lane, American journalist and author (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – Ramón Novarro, Mexican actor (b. 1899)
  • 1968 – Conrad Richter, American writer (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Pops Foster, American musician (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Sir Barnes Wallis, British scientist, engineer and inventor (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Donna Rachele Mussolini, Italian, wife of Benito Mussolini (b. 1890)
  • 1985 – Kirby Grant, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1988 – T. Hee, American animator (b. 1911)
  • 1993 – Paul Grégoire, Archbishop of Montreal (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Samuel Fuller, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Steve Allen, American comedian, author, and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Jam Master Jay, American rapper and musician (Run DMC) (b. 1965)
  • 2002 – Juan Antonio Bardem, Spanish director and screenwriter (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Peggy Ryan, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Al Lopez, American baseball player and manager (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian communist leader (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Junji Kinoshita, Japanese playwright (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Robert Goulet, American entertainer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Linda Stein, Ramones manager and real estate broker (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Washoe, chimpanzee trained in American Sign Language (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – John Woodruff, American athlete (b. 1915)

October 30 – Holidays:

  • Calendar of Saints – October 30th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Artemas
    • St. Herbert
    • St. Marcellus the Centurion
    • St. Saturninus
    • St. Serapion
  • USA – Mischief Night in some areas (known as Devil’s Night in Michigan)
  • International Orthopedic Nurses Day
  • Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions in post-Soviet states

 

 

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On This Day in History October 29

October 29 – Events:

  • 529 BC – The international day of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, who declared the first charter of human rights in the world also known as Cyrus Cylinder.
  • 437 – Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople. This unifies the two branches of the House of Theodosius
  • 969 – Byzantine troops occupy Antioch Syria
  • 1268 – Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic church.
  • 1390 – First trial for witchcraft in Paris.
  • 1422 – Charles VII of France becomes king in succession to his father Charles VI of France
  • 1467 – Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege
  • 1618 – English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
  • 1658 – Action of 29 October 1658 (Naval battle)
  • 1665 – Battle of Ambuila, where Portuguese forces defeated the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitated king Antonio I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga.
  • 1787 – Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni receives its first performance in Prague.
  • 1792 – Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
  • 1859 – Spain declares war on Morocco.
  • 1863 – Sixteen countries meeting in Geneva agree to form the International Red Cross.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Wauhatchie – Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant ward off a Confederate attack led by General James Longstreet. Union forces thus open a supply line into Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • 1881 – The Judge (US magazine) first published.
  • 1886 – The ticker-tape parade is invented in New York City when office workers spontaneously throw ticker tape into the streets as the Statue of Liberty is dedicated.
  • 1901 – In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
  • 1901 – Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of US President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
  • 1913 – Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
  • 1921 – The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
  • 1921 – Second trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in USA.
  • 1921 – The Harvard University football team loses to Centre College, ending a 25 game winning streak. This is considered one of the biggest upsets in college football.
  • 1922 – The King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, appoints Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister.
  • 1923 – Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1929 – The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of ’29 or “Black Tuesday,” ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany’s persecution of Jews.
  • 1944 – Breda in the Netherlands is liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division
  • 1945 – Getulio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigns.
  • 1948 – Safsaf massacre
  • 1955 – The Soviet battleship Novorossiisk strikes a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis begins: Israel forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.
  • 1956 – Tangier Protocol signed: The international city Tangier is reintegrated into Morocco.
  • 1957 – Israel’s prime minister David Ben Gurion and five of his ministers are injured as a hand grenade is tossed into Israel’s parliament, the Knesset.
  • 1960 – In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later takes the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight.
  • 1961 – Syria exits from the United Arab Republic.
  • 1964 – Tanganika and Zanzibar join to form the Republic of Tanzania.
  • 1964 – A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat (113 g) Star of India, is stolen by a group of thieves including Jack Murphy from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
  • 1967 – London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
  • 1967 – Montreal’s World Fair, Expo 67, closes with over 50 million visitors.
  • 1969 – The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – The total number of American troops still in Vietnam drops to a record low of 196,700 (the lowest level since January 1966).
  • 1980 – Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base’s Duke Field, Florida leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.
  • 1983 – Over 500,000 people demonstrate against cruise missiles in The Hague, The Netherlands.
  • 1985 – Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multiparty election in Liberia.
  • 1986 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway.
  • 1988 – Pakistan’s General Rahimuddin Khan resigns from his post as Governor of Sindh, following the efforts by President of Pakistan Ghulam Ishaq Khan to limit the powers Rahimuddin had accumulated.
  • 1991 – The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
  • 1994 – Francisco Martin Duran fires over two dozen shots at the White House (Duran was later convicted of trying to kill US President Bill Clinton).
  • 1998 – Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.
  • 1998 – Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.
  • 1998 – ATSC HDTV broadcasting in the United States is inaugurated with the launch of STS-95 space shuttle mission.
  • 1998 – While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he was landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.
  • 1998 – Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, made landfall in Honduras.
  • 1999 – Deadliest Indian Ocean tropical cyclone hits Orissa, India. This event was known as 1999 Orissa cyclone ever since.
  • 2002 – Ho Chi Minh City ITC Inferno, a fire destroys a luxurious department store with 1500 people shopping. Over 60 people died and over 100 are missing. It is the deadliest disaster in Vietnam during peacetime.
  • 2004 – The Arabic news network Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election.
  • 2004 – In Rome, European heads of state sign the Treaty and Final Act establishing the first European Constitution.
  • 2005 – 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings kill more than 60.
  • 2007 – Argentina elects its first female president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.

October 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1017 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1056)
  • 1656 (O.S.) – Edmond Halley, English astronomer (d. 1742)
  • 1682 – Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, French historian (d. 1761)
  • 1690 – Martin Folkes, English antiquarian (d. 1754)
  • 1704 – John Byng, British admiral (d. 1757)
  • 1740 – James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson (d. 1795)
  • 1815 – Daniel Emmett, American composer (d. 1904)
  • 1815 – Ludovít Štúr, Slovak politician, author of Slovak language (d. 1856)
  • 1822 – Mieczyslaw Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • 1827 – Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1855 – Paul Bruchési, archbishop of Montreal (d. 1939)
  • 1861 – Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • 1875 – Marie of Edinburgh, queen of Romania (d. 1938)
  • 1877 – Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (d. 1973)
  • 1879 – Alva B. Adams, American politician (d. 1941)
  • 1879 – Franz von Papen, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1880 – Abram Ioffe, Soviet physicist (d. 1960)
  • 1882 – Jean Giraudoux, French writer (d. 1944)
  • 1891 – Fanny Brice, American singer (d. 1951)
  • 1897 – Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda (d. 1945)
  • 1899 – Akim Tamiroff, Russian actor (d. 1972)
  • 1906 – Fredric Brown, American science fiction and mystery writer (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Edwige Feuillère, French film actress (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Alfred Ayer, British philosopher (d. 1989)
  • 1915 – William Berenberg, American physician (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Eddie Constantine, American actor/singer (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1920 – Catholicos Baselios Mar Thoma Didymos I, Indian Catholic
  • 1921 – Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Neil Hefti, American jazz musician
  • 1923 – Carl Djerassi, Austrian chemist
  • 1925 – Dominick Dunne, American author
  • 1925 – Robert Hardy, English actor
  • 1926 – Jon Vickers, Canadian tenor
  • 1930 – Niki de Saint Phalle, French sculptor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Natalie Sleeth, American composer (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Omara Portuondo, Cuban singer
  • 1931 – Franco Interlenghi, Italian actor
  • 1935 – Takahata Isao, Japanese animated film director
  • 1936 – Akiko Kojima, Japanese model
  • 1938 – Ralph Bakshi, Israeli cartoonist
  • 1938 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President of Liberia
  • 1940 – Frida Boccara, French singer (d. 1996)
  • 1940 – Connie Mack, U.S. Senator from Florida
  • 1940 – José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Catholic bishop
  • 1942 – Bob Ross, American artist and television host (d. 1995)
  • 1943 – Don Simpson, American film producer (d. 1996)
  • 1944 – Denny Laine, English musician (Moody Blues,Wings)
  • 1944 – Otto Wiesheu, German minister
  • 1944 – Claude Brochu, Major League Baseball executive (Montreal Expos)
  • 1946 – Peter Green, English guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1946 – Lynn Carey, US-American actress and singer (Mama Lion)
  • 1947 – Richard Dreyfuss, American actor
  • 1947 – Helen Coonan, Australian politician
  • 1948 – Kate Jackson, American actress
  • 1949 – Paul Orndorff, American professional wrestler
  • 1953 – Denis Potvin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Kevin DuBrow, American singer (Quiet Riot) (d. 2007)
  • 1955 – Roger O’Donnell, English musician (The Cure)
  • 1956 – Wilfredo Gómez, Puerto Rican boxer
  • 1957 – Dan Castellaneta, American voice actor, Best known as the voice of Homer Simpson
  • 1958 – David Remnick, American writer and editor of The New Yorker
  • 1959 – Mike Gartner, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Finola Hughes, British actress
  • 1961 – Randy Jackson, American musician
  • 1961 – Joel Otto, National Hockey League player
  • 1964 – Yasmin Le Bon, British model
  • 1967 – Joely Fisher, American actress
  • 1967 – Beth Chapman, Star of Dog the Bounty Hunter
  • 1967 – Rufus Sewell, English actor
  • 1968 – Johann Olav Koss, Norwegian speed skater
  • 1968 – Tsunku, Japanese music producer
  • 1969 – Giorgos Donis, Greek footballer
  • 1969 – Eleni Menegaki, Greek TV presenter
  • 1970 – Edwin van der Sar, Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Philip Cocu, Dutch footballer
  • 1971 – Winona Ryder, American actress
  • 1971 – Daniel J. Bernstein, American professor
  • 1971 – Matthew Hayden, Australian cricketer
  • 1972 – Takafumi Horie, Japanese entrepreneur
  • 1972 – Gabrielle Union, American actress
  • 1972 – Tracee Ellis Ross, American actress
  • 1973 – Robert Pirès, French footballer
  • 1973 – Éric Messier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Michael Vaughan, English cricketer
  • 1975 – Kelly Lin, Chinese actress
  • 1976 – Stephen Craigan, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1976 – Milena Govich, American actress
  • 1976 – Mohsen Emadi, Iranian Poet
  • 1977 – Brendan Fehr, Canadian actor
  • 1978 – Travis Henry, American football player
  • 1979 – Ignasi Giménez Renom, Catalan politician
  • 1980 – Ben Foster, American actor
  • 1980 – B.J. Sams, American football player
  • 1981 – Amanda Beard, American swimmer
  • 1981 – Jonathan Brown, Australian rules footballer
  • 1981 – Patricia Peristeri, Greek actress
  • 1981 – Reema Sen, Indian actress
  • 1982 – Chelan Simmons, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Ariel Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1983 – Maurice Clarett, American football player
  • 1983 – Dana Eveland, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Richard Brancatisano, Australian actor
  • 1983 – Jason Tahincioglu, Turkish racing driver
  • 1984 – Eric Staal, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Makoto Ogawa, Japanese singer

October 29 – Deaths:

  • 1038 – Aethelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1138 – Boleslaw III Krzywousty, Duke of Poland (b. 1086)
  • 1268 – Conradin, Duke of Swabia (executed) (b. 1252)
  • 1268 – Frederick I, Margrave of Baden (beheaded) (b. 1249)
  • 1590 – Dirck Volckertszoon Coornhert, Dutch politician (b. 1522)
  • 1618 – Sir Walter Raleigh, English explorer (executed) (b. 1554)
  • 1650 – David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
  • 1666 – Edmund Calamy the Elder, English Presbyterian leader (b. 1600)
  • 1666 – James Shirley, English dramatist (b. 1596)
  • 1783 – Jean le Rond d’Alembert, French mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1829 – Maria Anna Mozart, Austrian musician (b. 1751)
  • 1877 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate general (b. 1821)
  • 1901 – Leon Czolgosz, American assassin of U.S. President William McKinley (b. 1873)
  • 1905 – Etienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1911 – Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-born newspaper publisher (b. 1847)
  • 1919 – A. B. Simpson, Canadian preacher (b. 1843)
  • 1932 – Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (b. 1857)
  • 1933 – Albert Calmette, French physician (b. 1863)
  • 1933 – Paul Painlevé, French mathematician and politician (b. 1853)
  • 1939 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (b. 1864)
  • 1949 – G. I. Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – King Gustaf V of Sweden (b. 1858)
  • 1953 – William Kapell, American pianist (b. 1922)
  • 1957 – Louis B. Mayer, American film producer (b. 1885)
  • 1957 – Rosemarie Nitribitt, German call girl (b. 1933)
  • 1958 – Zoe Akins, American playwright (b. 1886)
  • 1963 – Adolphe Menjou, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Duane Allman, American musician (b. 1946)
  • 1971 – Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Georges Brassens, French singer (b. 1921)
  • 1986 – Mimis Fotopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1913)
  • 1987 – Woody Herman, American musician (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Terry Southern, American screenwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1997 – Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Paul Misraki, French songwriter (b. 1908)
  • 1999 – Michel Regnier (Greg), Belgian comic-book writer and artist (Achille Talon) (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Glenn McQueen, American animator (b. 1960)
  • 2003 – Hal Clement, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Franco Corelli, tenor (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Vaughn Meader, American comedian (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Peter Twinn, English mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Mohammadu Maccido, 18th Sultan of Sokoto (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Witold “Vitek” Kieltyka, Polish musician

October 29 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – October 29th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • Saint Narcissus of Jerusalem
    • St. Abraham of Rostov
    • Douai Martyrs
    • St. Maximillian
    • Anglican Church – James Hannington
  • Turkey – Republic Day (1923)
  • Coronation Day of Norodom Sihamoni of Cambodia

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On This Day in History October 28

October 28 – Events:

  • 306 – Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 312 – Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine I defeats Maxentius, becoming the sole Roman Emperor.
  • 1061 – Empress Agnes, acting as Regent for her son, brings about the election of Bishop Cadalus, the antipope Honorius II
  • 1516 – Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.
  • 1531 – Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad’s control.
  • 1538 – The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
  • 1628 – The Siege of La Rochelle, which had been ongoing for 14 months, ends with Huguenot surrender
  • 1636 – A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University.
  • 1664 – The Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains – British Army forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
  • 1834 – The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
  • 1848 – The first railroad in Spain – between Barcelona and Mataró – is opened.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Fair Oaks ends – Union Army forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1886 – In New York Harbor, President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty.
  • 1891 – The Mino-Owari Earthquake, the largest earthquake in Japan’s history, strikes Gifu Prefecture.
  • 1893 – Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pathétique, premiered in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer’s death.
  • 1918 – World War I: Czechoslovakia is granted its independence from Austria-Hungary.
  • 1918 – The German fleet is immobilized when sailors mutiny en masse and disobey an order to leave port five times; 1,000 would ultimately be arrested.
  • 1918 – New Polish government in Western Galicia (Central Europe) is established.
  • 1919 – The U.S. Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the following January.
  • 1922 – March on Rome: Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government.
  • 1936 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt rededicates the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy invades Greece through Albania. This was the selected anniversary of Greece’s entry into World War II. It is celebrated in Greece as Okhi Day Day.
  • 1941 – Holocaust in Kaunas, Lithuania: German SS forces arrange the massacre of more than 9,000 Jews of the Kaunas ghetto. After the victims assembled on the Demokratu square at 6 am to be shot they are buried in gigantic ditches.
  • 1942 – The Alaska Highway (Alcan Highway) is completed through Canada to Fairbanks, Alaska.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: 2,000 Jewish children and 6,000 Jewish adults from Cracow are deported by Germans to Belzec death camp.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: SS directive orders all Jewish children’s mittens and stockings to be sent from the death camps to the SS families.
  • 1948 – Swiss chemist Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
  • 1954 – The modern Kingdom of the Netherlands is re-founded as a federal monarchy.
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he had ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: U.S. officials deny any involvement in bombing North Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Nostra Aetate, the “Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions” of the Second Vatican Council, is promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolves the Jews of the alleged killing of Jesus, reversing Innocent III’s declaration from 760 years ago. In short, Pope Paul VI announces that the ecumenical council has decided that Jews are not collectively responsible for the killing of Christ.
  • 1970 – The land speed record set by Gary Gabelich in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
  • 1971 – Britain launches its first satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.
  • 1982 – Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE) wins elections, leading to first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco. Felipe Gonzalez becomes Prime Ministerelect.
  • 1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union.
  • 1985 – Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and makes peace overtures to the United States; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.
  • 1986 – The centennial of the Statue of Liberty’s dedication is re-celebrated in New York Harbor.
  • 1998 – An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
  • 2005 – Plame affair: Lewis Libby, Vice-president Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, is indicted in the Valerie Plame case. Libby resigns later that day.
  • 2006 – Funeral service for the peace of the executed at Bykivnia forest, outside of Kiev, Ukraine, with reburial of 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s – early 1940s.

October 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1510 – Francis Borgia, Spanish duke and Jesuit priest (d. 1572)
  • 1585 – Cornelius Jansen, Dutch bishop (d. 1638)
  • 1667 – Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain (d.  1740)
  • 1691 – Peder Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero (d. 1720)
  • 1697 – Canaletto, Italian artist (d. 1768)
  • 1703 – Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1718 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary (d. 1793)
  • 1767 – Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1852)
  • 1793 – Eliphalet Remington, American firearms manufacturer (d. 1861)
  • 1804 – Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (d. 1849)
  • 1818 – Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer (d. 1883)
  • 1845 – Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)
  • 1846 – Georges Auguste Escoffier, French chef (d. 1935)
  • 1864 – Adolfo Camarillo, prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher (d. 1958)
  • 1875 – Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, American geographer and editor (d. 1966)
  • 1877 – Joe Adams, American baseball player (d. 1952)
  • 1879 – Channing H. Cox, 49 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • 1881 – Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (d. 1922)
  • 1889 – Juliette Béliveau, Quebec comedian (d. 1975)
  • 1891 – Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (d. 1920)
  • 1892 – Dink Johnson, American musician (d. 1954)
  • 1896 – Howard Hanson, American composer (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Edith Head, American costume designer (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Elsa Lanchester, British-born actress (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – Evelyn Waugh, English writer (d. 1966)
  • 1907 – John Harold Hewitt, Northern Irish poet (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Arturo Frondizi, President of Argentina (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Francis Bacon, Anglo-Irish painter (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Glenn Robert Davis, U.S. Congressman (d. 1988)
  • 1917 – Jack Soo, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1922 – Gershon Kingsley, German composer
  • 1922 – Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball coach (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Antonio Creus, Spanish racecar driver (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Bowie Kuhn, American Commissioner of Baseball (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Dame Cleo Laine, British singer
  • 1928 – Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian general
  • 1929 – Joan Plowright, British actress
  • 1929 – Marcel Bozzuffi, French actor (d. 1988)
  • 1929 – John Hollander, American poet
  • 1930 – Bernie Ecclestone, English motorsports impresario (F1)
  • 1932 – Suzy Parker, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (d. 1983)
  • 1935 – Alan Clarke, British film director
  • 1936 – Charlie Daniels, American musician
  • 1936 – Carl Davis, American-born musical conductor and composer
  • 1937 – Lenny Wilkens, American basketball player and coach
  • 1938 – David Dimbleby, English television commentator
  • 1938 – Anne Perry, English-born novelist
  • 1939 – Jane Alexander, American actress
  • 1939 – Miroslav Cerar, Yugoslav gymnast
  • 1940 – Susan Harris, American television writer and producer
  • 1941 – John Hallam, Irish actor
  • 1941 – Hank Marvin, English guitarist
  • 1941 – Curtis Lee, American singer
  • 1942 – Kees Verkerk, Dutch speed skater
  • 1943 – Conny Froboess, German singer
  • 1943 – Charo López, Spanish actress
  • 1944 – Dennis Franz, American actor
  • 1944 – Anton Schlecker, German billionaire
  • 1944 – Coluche, French comedian and actor (d. 1986)
  • 1945 – Elton Dean, English musician (Soft Machine) (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Wayne Fontana, British singer (The Mindbenders)
  • 1946 – Wim Jansen, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1946 – John Hewson, Australian politician
  • 1948 – Telma Hopkins, American singer (Tony Orlando and Dawn)
  • 1949 – Bruce Jenner, American athlete
  • 1949 – Tracy Reed, American actress
  • 1950 – Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
  • 1952 – Annie Potts, American actress
  • 1953 – Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman and hockey executive
  • 1955 – Bill Gates, American software executive
  • 1956 – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran
  • 1956 – Dave Wyndorf, American singer (Monster Magnet)
  • 1957 – Stephen Morris, British musician (Joy Division and New Order)
  • 1960 – Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times
  • 1958 – William Reid, Scottish musician (The Jesus and Mary Chain)
  • 1962 – Daphne Zuniga, American actress
  • 1962 – Scotty Nguyen, professional poker player
  • 1962 – Erik Thorstvedt, Norwegian footballer
  • 1963 – Lauren Holly, American actress
  • 1963 – James Miller, the “Fan Man” (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Eros Ramazzotti, Italian singer
  • 1965 – Jami Gertz, American actress
  • 1965 – Luigi Miraglia, Italian Latinist
  • 1966 – Steve Atwater, American football player
  • 1966 – Andy Richter, American comedian and actor
  • 1966 – Aris Spiliotopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1967 – Julia Roberts, American actress
  • 1967 – John Romero, American video game designer
  • 1967 – Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
  • 1967 – Kevin Macdonald, Scottish film director
  • 1968 – Marc Lièvremont, French rugby union footballer and coach
  • 1969 – Ben Harper, American musician
  • 1969 – Javier Grillo-Marxuach, Puerto Rican screenwriter and producer
  • 1972 – Terrell Davis, American football player
  • 1972 – Brad Paisley, American musician
  • 1973 – Antonio Banks, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Joaquin Phoenix, Puerto Rican-born actor
  • 1974 – Vicente Moreno, Spanish footballer
  • 1974 – Braden Looper, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Dejan Stefanovic, Serbian footballer
  • 1974 – Dayanara Torres, Puerto Rican actress and beauty queen
  • 1976 – Karl Tremblay, Canadian singer (Les Cowboys Fringants)
  • 1978 – Marta Etura, Spanish actress
  • 1978 – Justin Guarini, American singer
  • 1979 – Aki Hakala, Finnish drummer (The Rasmus)
  • 1979 – Martin Škoula, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Alan Smith, English footballer
  • 1980 – Christy Hemme, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Kanzi, Most Literate Non-Human
  • 1980 – Dimitri Liakopoulos, Greek actor
  • 1981 – Milan Baroš, Czech footballer
  • 1981 – Solomon Andargachew, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1982 – Jeremy Bonderman, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Mai Kuraki, Japanese singer
  • 1982 – Anthony Lerew, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Jarrett Jack, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Obafemi Martins, Nigerian footballer
  • 1984 – Amanda Paige, American model
  • 1985 – Richard Smith, American entrepreneur
  • 1996 – Naelee Rae, American actress
  • 1996 – Jasmine Jessica Anthony, American actress

October 28 – Deaths:

  • 312 – Maxentius, Roman emperor (b. c. 278)
  • 1225 – Jien, Japanese poet and historian (b. 1155)
  • 1312 – Elisabeth of Tirol, German queen
  • 1412 – Margaret I of Denmark, wife of Haakon VI of Norway (b. 1353)
  • 1485 – Rodolphus Agricola, Dutch humanist (b. 1443)
  • 1520 – Pier Gerlofs Donia, Frisian pirate and freedom fighter
  • 1568 – Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shogun (b. 1539)
  • 1627 – Jahangir, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1569)
  • 1639 – Stefano Landi, Italian composer (b. 1587)
  • 1646 – William Dobson, English painter (b. 1610)
  • 1661 – Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
  • 1676 – Jean Desmarets, French writer (b. 1595)
  • 1703 – John Wallis, English mathematician (b. 1616)
  • 1704 – John Locke, English philosopher (b. 1632)
  • 1708 – Prince George of Denmark, Consort of Queen Anne of England (b.  1653)
  • 1716 – Stephen Fox, British politician (b. 1627)
  • 1740 – Empress Anna of Russia (b. 1693)
  • 1754 – Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (b. 1708)
  • 1755 – Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (b. 1689)
  • 1763 – Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (b. 1700)
  • 1768 – Michel Blavet, French flutist (b. 1700)
  • 1792 – Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist (b. 1710)
  • 1792 – John Smeaton, British civil engineer (b. 1724)
  • 1800 – Artemas Ward, American politician and soldier (b. 1727)
  • 1806 – Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)
  • 1818 – Abigail Adams, First Lady of the United States (b. 1744)
  • 1841 – Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)
  • 1857 – Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician (b. 1802)
  • 1877 – Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)
  • 1879 – Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French writer (b. 1799)
  • 1899 – Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (tuberculosis) (b. 1854)
  • 1900 – Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823)
  • 1916 – Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (b. 1838)
  • 1916 – Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1917 – Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (b. 1831)
  • 1918 – Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician (b. 1845)
  • 1929 – Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1849)
  • 1939 – Alice Brady, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1952 – Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1957 – Ernst Gräfenberg, German physician and scientist (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1932)
  • 1965 – Earl Bostic, American saxophonist (b. 1913)
  • 1969 – Constance Dowling, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1973 – Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Sergio Tofano, Italian actor (b. 1883)
  • 1975 – Georges Carpentier, French boxer (b. 1894)
  • 1975 – Oliver Nelson, American jazz composer and arranger (b. 1932)
  • 1986 – John Braine, British novelist (b. 1922)
  • 1987 – André Masson, French artist (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Ted Hughes, British poet (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Lída Baarová, Czech actress (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Carlos Guastavino, Argentine composer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Gerard Hengeveld, Dutch composer (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – Margaret Booth, American film editor (b. 1898)
  • 2002 – Erling Persson, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Jimmy McLarnin, Northern Irish-born boxer (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – Eugene K. Bird, German prison director (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Bob Broeg, American sports writer (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Raymond Hains, French artist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Tony Jackson, American basketball player (b. 1942)
  • 2005 – Fernando Quejas, Cape Verdean singer and musician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Ljuba Tadic, Serbian actor (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Red Auerbach, American basketball coach and executive (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Trevor Berbick, Jamaican boxer (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Marijohn Wilkin, American songwriter (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Porter Wagoner, American country singer (b. 1927)

October 28 – Holidays:

  • October 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Charlotte, North Carolina – Stephen Colbert Day
  • Czechoslovakia – granted its independence from Austria-Hungary (1918); this is a holiday in the Czech Republic and Remembrance Day in Slovakia.
  • Greece – Oxi (No) Day marking the beginning of the invasion of Greece by Italy via Albania (1940)
  • Christian feast days:
    • Abdias of Babylon
    • Abgar V of Edessa
    • St. Eadsin
    • St. Fidelis of Como
    • Saint Godwin
    • Saint Job of Pochayiv
    • Saint Jude (a.k.a Saint Thaddaeus or “of James”)
    • St. Simon the Zealot (erroneously a.k.a. “the Canaanite”)

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On This Day in History October 27

October 27 – Events:

  • 312 – Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.
  • 710 – Saracen invasion of Sardinia.
  • 939 – Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.
  • 1275 – Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.
  • 1524 – Italian Wars: The French troops lay siege to Pavia.
  • 1553 – Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva.
  • 1644 – Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War.
  • 1682 – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded.
  • 1795 – The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid, which establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.
  • 1806 – The French Army enters in Berlin.
  • 1810 – United States annexes the former Spanish colony of West Florida.
  • 1838 – Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
  • 1870 – Marshal François Achille Bazaine surrenders to Prussian forces at Metz along with 140,000 French soldiers in one of the biggest French defeats of the Franco-Prussian War.
  • 1904 – The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world.
  • 1916 – Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • 1922 – A referendum in Rhodesia rejects the country’s annexation to the South African Union.
  • 1924 – The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.
  • 1936 – Mrs Wallis Simpson filed for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne.
  • 1946 – First commercially-sponsored television program airs   (Geographically Speaking, sponsored by Bristol-Myers).
  • 1948 – Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).
  • 1953 – British nuclear test Totem 2 is detonated at Emu Field, South Australia.
  • 1954 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first black general in the United States Air Force.
  • 1958 – Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, is deposed in a bloodless coup d’état by General Ayub Khan, who was appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mirza 20 days earlier.
  • 1961 – NASA launched the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.
  • 1962 – Major Rudolph Anderson of the United States Air Force became the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane was shot down in Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
  • 1962 – The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian industry’s most relevant figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances.
  • 1964 – Ronald Reagan delivers a speech on behalf of Republican candidate for president, Barry Goldwater. The speech launched his political career and came to be known as “A Time for Choosing.”
  • 1971 – Democratic Republic of the Congo is renamed Zaire.
  • 1973 – The Canon City meteorite, a 1.4 kg chondrite type meteorite strikes in Fremont County, Colorado.
  • 1981 – The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.
  • 1986 – The United Kingdom government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.
  • 1990 – Supreme Soviet of Kirghiz SSR chooses Askar Akayev as republic’s first president.
  • 1991 – Turkmenistan achieved independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1992 – United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is brutally murdered by shipmates for being gay, precipitating first military, then national debate about gays in the military that resulted in the United States “Don’t ask, don’t tell” military policy.
  • 1995 – Latvia applies for membership in the European Union.
  • 1995 – Former Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi is condemned in absentia for corruption.
  • 1997 – October 27, 1997 mini-crash: Stock markets around the world crash because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 554.26 points to 7,161.15. For the first time, the New York Stock Exchange activated their “circuit breakers” twice during the day eventually making the controversial move of closing the Exchange early.
  • 2002 – The ITV Network aired a constant regional service for the last time in England and Wales, but LWT lost its identity completely. All companies (except UTV, Channel, Scottish TV & Grampian TV) formed the national ITV1 with regional references only before regional programmes.
  • 2005 – Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.

October 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1156 – Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (d. 1222)
  • 1401 – Catherine of Valois, queen of Henry V of England (d. 1437)
  • 1466 – Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian (d. 1536)
  • 1728 – James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (d. 1779)
  • 1744 – Mary Moser, English painter (d. 1819)
  • 1760 – August von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1831)
  • 1782 – Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1840)
  • 1811 – Isaac Singer, American inventor (d. 1875)
  • 1811 – Stevens Thomson Mason, first Governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
  • 1838 – John Davis Long, 32 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1915)
  • 1842 – Giovanni Giolitti, Italian statesman (d. 1928)
  • 1844 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish writer and pacifist, recipient of the  Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1916)
  • 1854 – Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys’ Brigade (d. 1914)
  • 1858 – Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1919)
  • 1865 – Charles Spencelayh, English painter (d. 1958)
  • 1873 – Emily Post, American etiquette author (d. 1960)
  • 1877 – George Thompson, English cricketer (d. 1943)
  • 1885 – Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (d. 1948)
  • 1894 – Oliver Leese, British general (d. 1978)
  • 1896 – Edith Brown, survivor of the Titanic (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Earle Cabell, American politician (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Jack Carson, Canadian actor (d. 1963)
  • 1911 – Leif Erickson, American actor and singer (d. 1986)
  • 1914 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 1953)
  • 1915 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Oliver Tambo, South African freedom fighter (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Teresa Wright, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Nanette Fabray, American actress
  • 1920 – K. R. Narayanan, 10th President of India
  • 1921 – Warren Allen Smith, American encyclopedist
  • 1922 – Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor and singer (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Ralph Kiner, American baseball player
  • 1923 – Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Ruby Dee, American actress
  • 1924 – Michel Galabru, French actor
  • 1925 – Albert Medwin, American inventor
  • 1925 – Warren Christopher, US Secretary of State (1993–1997)
  • 1926 – H.R. Haldeman, American political personality (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Gilles Vigneault, Canadian poet, singer and songwriter
  • 1931 – Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian writer
  • 1932 – Sylvia Plath, American poet (d. 1963)
  • 1932 – Jean-Pierre Cassel, French actor (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Floyd Cramer, American popular pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1934 – Giorgos Konstadinou, Greek actor and director
  • 1937 – Lara Parker, American actress
  • 1939 – John Cleese, British actor and writer
  • 1940 – John Gotti, American gangster (d. 2002)
  • 1940 – Maxine Hong Kingston, American writer
  • 1941 – Dick Trickle, American auto racer
  • 1942 – Lee Greenwood, American singer
  • 1945 – Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil
  • 1945 – John Kane, actor/writer
  • 1946 – Carrie Snodgress, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Ivan Reitman, Czechoslovakian-born Canadian film actor, producer  and director
  • 1949 – Garry Tallent, American bass player (E Street Band)
  • 1949 – Clifford Antone, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Fran Lebowitz, American writer
  • 1951 – K.K. Downing, English guitarist (Judas Priest)
  • 1951 – Carlos Frenk, Mexican/British cosmologist
  • 1951 – Nancy Jacobs, American politician
  • 1951 – Jayne Kennedy, American actress, model, and sportscaster
  • 1952 – Hameed Haroon, Pakistani publisher
  • 1952 – Roberto Benigni, Italian director and actor
  • 1953 – Peter Firth, British actor
  • 1953 – Robert Picardo, American actor
  • 1955 – Debra Bowen, American politician
  • 1956 – Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer
  • 1956 – Veronica Hart, American porn actress
  • 1957 – Jeff East, American actor
  • 1957 – Glenn Hoddle, English footballer
  • 1958 – Simon Le Bon, English singer (Duran Duran)
  • 1958 – Lee Carter, Alabama Judge of the 25th Judicial Circuit
  • 1960 – Tom Nieto, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Marla Maples, American actress and model
  • 1964 – Mark Taylor, Australian test cricket captain (1994-1999)
  • 1967 – Scott Weiland, American singer (Stone Temple Pilots and Velvet   Revolver)
  • 1968 – Vinny Samways, English footballer
  • 1970 – Adrian Erlandsson, Swedish drummer (Cradle of Filth)
  • 1971 – Jade Arcade, American comics artist and writer
  • 1971 – Theodoros Zagorakis, Greek footballer
  • 1971 – Jorge Soto, Peruvian footballer
  • 1972 – Lee Clark, English footballer
  • 1972 – Evan Coyne Maloney, American filmmaker
  • 1972 – Brad Radke, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Marika Krook, Finnish singer (Edea)
  • 1972 – Maria Mutola, Mozambican athlete
  • 1973 – Jason Johnson, American baseball pitcher (Cincinnati Reds)
  • 1975 – Zadie Smith, British novelist
  • 1977 – Jirí Jarosík, Czech footballer
  • 1977 – Kumar Sangakkara, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1978 – Vanessa-Mae, Singapore musician
  • 1978 – Sergei Samsonov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Melanie Vallejo, Australian TV actress
  • 1980 – Tanel Padar, Estonian singer
  • 1980 – Cassia Riley, American model
  • 1981 – Han Hye-jin, South Korean actress
  • 1981 – Kristi Richards, Canadian freestyle skier
  • 1982 – Patrick Fugit, American actor
  • 1982 – Dennis Moran, American computer hacker
  • 1982 – Takashi Tsukamoto, Japanese actor
  • 1982 – Keri Hilson, American singer
  • 1983 – Brent Clevlen, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Kelly Osbourne, English television personality
  • 1984 – Brady Quinn, American football player
  • 1984 – Irfan Pathan, Indian cricketer
  • 1986 – Matty Pattison, English footballer
  • 1987 – Andrew Bynum, American basketball player

October 27 – Deaths:

  • 939 – King Athelstan I of England (b. 895)
  • 1271 – Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (b. 1213)
  • 1312 – John II, Duke of Brabant (b. 1275)
  • 1327 – Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)
  • 1331 – Abu al-Fida, Arab historian and geographer (b. 1273)
  • 1430 – Vytautas the Great, Grand Duke of Lithuania (b. 1350)
  • 1439 – Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1397)
  • 1449 – Ulugh Beg, Timurid ruler and astronomer (b. 1394)
  • 1505 – Ivan III of Russia (b. 1440)
  • 1553 – Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian and doctor (burned at the stake) (b. 1511)
  • 1561 – Lope de Aguirre, Spanish conquistador (b. 1510)
  • 1573 – Laurentius Petri, first Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden (b. 1499)
  • 1605 – Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, Mughal Emperor (born 1542)
  • 1617 – Ralph Winwood, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1670 – Vavasor Powell, Welsh non-conformist leader (b. 1617)
  • 1674 – Hallgrímur Pétursson, Icelandic poet (b. 1614)
  • 1675 – Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • 1789 – John Cook, American farmer and Governor of Delaware (b. 1730)
  • 1917 – Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1935 – E. A. D. Eldridge, British racing driver (b. 1897)
  • 1942 – Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)
  • 1949 – Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (b. 1916)
  • 1949 – Ginette Neveu, French violinist (b. 1919)
  • 1953 – Thomas Wass, English cricketer (b. 1873)
  • 1962 – Enrico Mattei, Italian politician (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Lise Meitner, German physicist (b. 1878)
  • 1975 – Rex Stout, American novelist (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – James M. Cain, American novelist (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Steve Peregrin Took, English singer and songwriter (b. 1949)
  • 1980 – John Hasbrouck van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel Prize  Laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Judy LaMarsh, Canadian politician, author and broadcaster (b. 1924)
  • 1990 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-born musician (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – Princess Sophie von Hohenberg, daughter of assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Elliott Roosevelt, American war hero, author, and advertising executive (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Jacques Demy, French film director (b. 1931)
  • 1990 – Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor (b. 1922)
  • 1991- George Barker, English poet (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Morey Amsterdam, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Arthur Tremblay, French Canadian politician (b. 1917)
  • 1999 – Robert Mills, American physicist (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Charlotte Perriand, French architect and designer (b. 1903)
  • 2000 – Walter Berry, Austrian bass-baritone (b. 1929)
  • 2002 – Tom Dowd, American recording engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Rod Roddy, American television announcer (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Serginho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1974)
  • 2006 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Brad Will, American anarchist and independent journalist (b. 1970)

October 27 – Holidays:

  • United States – Navy Day
  • Greece – Flag Day
  • Turkmenistan – Independence Day (from USSR, 1991)
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – Independence Day (from Britain, 1979)
  • R.C. saints – October 27th is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • Abban of Magheranoidhe
    • Abban of New Ross
    • St. Elesbaan
    • St. Frumentius, the saint who introduced Christianity into Ethiopia.

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