On This Day in History September 29

September 29 – Events:

  • 522 BC – Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta, securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire.
  • 480 BC – Battle of Salamis: The Greek fleet under Themistokles, defeats the Persian fleet under Xerxes I.
  • 61 BC – Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph, for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror invades England.
  • 1227 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX, for his failure to go on crusade.
  • 1364 – Battle of Auray: English forces defeat French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession.
  • 1567 – The second War of Religion in France breaks out.
  • 1567 – At a dinner, the Duke of Alba arrests the Count of Egmont and the Count of Hoorn for treason.
  • 1650 – Henry Robinson opens his Office of Addresses and Encounters - the first historically documented dating service – in Threadneedle Street, London.
  • 1789 – The U.S. War Department first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.
  • 1789 – The first U.S. Congress adjourns.
  • 1829 – The Metropolitan Police of London, also known as the Met, is founded.
  • 1848 – Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence.
  • 1850 – The Roman Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin’s Farm is fought.
  • 1885 – The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
  • 1907 – The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral in the U.S. capital.
  • 1911 – Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1916 – First billionaire. John D. Rockefeller proclaimed.
  • 1918 – The Hindenburg Line is broken by Allied forces during World War I. Bulgaria signs an armistice.
  • 1924 – Plutarco Elías Calles is proclaimed President of Mexico.
  • 1941 – Holocaust in Kiev, Ukraine: German Einsatzgruppe C starts Babi Yar massacre. According to the Einsatzgruppen Operational Situation Report No. 101, at least 33,771 Jews from Kiev and its suburbs were killed at Babi Yar on September 29 – 30, 1941.
  • 1943 – U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice aboard the British ship HMS Nelson off Malta.
  • 1954 – The convention establishing CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) is signed.
  • 1954 – Major League Baseball: Willie Mays of the then New York Giants makes “The Catch” at The Polo Grounds in game one of the World Series.
  • 1957 – 20 MCi (740 petabecquerels) of radioactive material is released in an explosion at the Soviet Mayak nuclear plant at Chelyabinsk.
  • 1960 – Nikita Khrushchev, leader of Soviet Union, disorders a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly with a number of angry outbursts.
  • 1962 – Alouette 1, the first Canadian satellite, is launched.
  • 1963 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council opens.
  • 1964 – The Argentine comic strip Mafalda is published for the first time.
  • 1965 – The NSA memorial lists ten agents lost on this date.
  • 1971 – Oman joins the Arab League.
  • 1972 – Sino-Japanese relations: Japan establishes diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China.
  • 1975 – WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, becomes the world’s first black-owned-and-operated television station.
  • 1975 – Sharon Dahlonega Raiford Bush becomes American television’s first black weathercaster.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II became the first pope to set foot on Irish soil with his pastoral visit to the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1982 – Tylenol Crisis of 1982 began when the first of seven individuals died in metropolitan Chicago.
  • 1988 – NASA resumes space shuttle flights, grounded after the Challenger disaster, with STS-26.
  • 1990 – Washington National Cathedral finished.
  • 1990 – The YF-22, which would later become the F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.
  • 1991 – Military coup in Haiti.
  • 1992 – Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello resigns.
  • 1995 – Khaled Kelkal is killed by the French Police.
  • 1995 – The United States Navy disbands Fighter Squadron #84 (VF-84), the celebrated Jolly Rogers.
  • 2001 – The Syracuse Herald-Journal, a U.S. newspaper dating back to 1839, ceases publication.
  • 2003 – Hurricane Juan makes landfall in Nova Scotia.
  • 2004 – The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.
  • 2004 – The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, the first of two needed to win the prize.
  • 2005 – US Senate confirms John Roberts to be the next Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 2005 – Amnesty referendum in Algeria.
  • 2006 – US Representative Mark Foley resigns after allegations of inappropriate emails to house pages were introduced.

September 29 – Birthdays:

  • 106 BC – Pompey the Great, consul of Rome (d. 48 BC)
  • 1240 – Margaret of England, Queen consort of England, (d. 1275)
  • 1321 – John of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (d. 1387)
  • 1328 – Joan of Kent, wife of Edward, the Black Prince (d. 1385)
  • 1388 – Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Henry IV of England (d. 1421)
  • 1511 – Miguel Servet, Spanish humanist (d. 1553)
  • 1547 – Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish author (d. 1616)
  • 1548 – William V, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1626)
  • 1561 – Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (d. 1615)
  • 1571 – Caravaggio, Italian artist (d. 1610)
  • 1636 – Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1715)
  • 1639 – Lord William Russell, English politician (d. 1683)
  • 1640 – Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (d. 1720)
  • 1678 – Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (d. 1766)
  • 1691 – Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (d. 1781)
  • 1703 – François Boucher, French painter (d. 1770)
  • 1725 – Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, British general and statesman (d. 1774)
  • 1758 – Horatio Nelson, British admiral (d. 1805)
  • 1766 – Charlotte, Princess Royal, German queen (d. 1828)
  • 1786 – Guadalupe Victoria, 1st President of Mexico (d. 1843)
  • 1803 – Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (d. 1850)
  • 1803 – Mercator Cooper, American sea captain (d. 1872)
  • 1808 – Henry Bennett, American politician (d. 1868)
  • 1810 – Elizabeth Gaskell, British novelist (d. 1865)
  • 1842 – Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
  • 1843 – Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882)
  • 1853 – Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Hugo Haase, German politician and jurist (d. 1919)
  • 1864 – Alexandra Kitchin, British model for Lewis Carroll (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer and philosopher (d. 1936)
  • 1881 – Ludwig von Mises, Austrian Economist
  • 1895 – J.B. Rhine, American parapsychologist (d. 1980)
  • 1895 – Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Trofim Lysenko, Stalinist biologist (d. 1976)
  • 1901 – Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1900 – Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Greer Garson, British actress (d. 1996)
  • 1907 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and businessman (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – George W. Jenkins, American businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Eddie Tolan, American athlete (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Virginia Bruce, American actress (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Trevor Howard, English actor (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Stanley Kramer, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Vincent DeDomenico, American entrepreneur (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Brenda Marshall, American film actress (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Peter D. Mitchell, English chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1922 – Lizabeth Scott, American actress
  • 1923 – Stan Berenstain, American children’s author (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Steve Forrest, American actor
  • 1930 – Colin Dexter, British author of Inspector Morse novels
  • 1931 – Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress
  • 1931 – James Watson Cronin, American nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1932 – Robert Benton, American screenwriter and director
  • 1932 – Mehmood, Indian actor (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Lance Gibbs, Guyanese West Indies cricketer
  • 1935 – Jerry Lee Lewis, American musician
  • 1936 – Silvio Berlusconi, former Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1938 – Wim Kok, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
  • 1939 – Tommy Boyce, American songwriter
  • 1939 – Molly Haskell, American film critic
  • 1939 – Larry Linville, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1940 – Nicola Di Bari, Italian singer
  • 1941 – Fred West, British serial killer (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Madeline Kahn, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Felice Gimondi, Italian cyclist
  • 1942 – Ian McShane, British actor
  • 1942 – Bill Nelson, American politician
  • 1942 – Jean-Luc Ponty, French jazz violinist
  • 1942 – Steve Tesich, Serbian screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1943 – Mohammad Khatami, former President of Iran
  • 1943 – Gary Boyd Roberts, American genealogist
  • 1943 – Lech Walesa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1944 – Mike Post, American composer
  • 1945 – Kyriakos Sfetsas, Greek composer
  • 1947 – Martin Ferrero, American actor
  • 1948 – Bryant Gumbel, American television personality
  • 1948 – Mark Farner, American guitarist Grand Funk
  • 1948 – Theo Jörgensmann, German jazz clarinetist
  • 1949 – George Dalaras, Greek singer
  • 1951 – Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile
  • 1951 – Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1951 – Maureen Caird, Australian hurdler
  • 1951 – Mike Enriquez, Philippine broadcaster
  • 1952 – Gabor Csupo, Hungarian-born animator
  • 1952 – Max Sandlin, American politician
  • 1953 – Warren Cromartie, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Drake Hogestyn, American actor
  • 1953 – Jean-Claude Lauzon, Quebec film director (d. 1997)
  • 1956 – Sebastian Coe, British athlete
  • 1957 – Andrew Dice Clay, American comedian and actor
  • 1957 – Sokratis Malamas, Greek singer and composer
  • 1957 – Chris Broad, former English cricketer and current match referee
  • 1960 – Alan McGee, British music industry mogul and musician
  • 1961 – Stephanie Miller, American comedian
  • 1962 – Roger Bart, American actor
  • 1962 – Al Pitrelli, American musician, guitarist
  • 1963 – Dave Andreychuk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Les Claypool, American bassist (Primus)
  • 1966 – Jill Whelan, American actress
  • 1967 – Brett Anderson, British musician/singer (Suede, The Tears)
  • 1968 – Patrick Burns, American television presenter
  • 1968 – Samir Soni, Indian film actor
  • 1969 – Erika Eleniak, American actress and Playboy Playmate
  • 1969 – Aleks Syntek, Mexican singer
  • 1969 – Angelo Barretto, Filipino racecar driver
  • 1970 – Yoshihiro Tajiri, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Natasha Gregson Wagner, American actress
  • 1970 – Emily Lloyd, British actress
  • 1971 – Sibel Tüzün, Turkish singer
  • 1971 – Mackenzie Crook, British actor and comedian
  • 1972 – Robert Webb, British actor, comedian, and writer
  • 1972 – Oliver Gavin, British racing car driver
  • 1973 – Joe Hulbig, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Athanasios Michalopoulos, Greek volleyball player
  • 1973 – Scout Niblett, British singer/songwriter
  • 1974 – Brian Ash, American film producer
  • 1974 – Alexis Cruz, American actor
  • 1975 – Albert Celades, Spanish football player
  • 1976 – Andriy Shevchenko, Ukrainian football player
  • 1976 – Darren Byfield, English football player
  • 1976 – Oscar Sevilla, Spanish cyclist
  • 1977 – Won Bin, South Korean actor
  • 1977 – Wade Brookbank, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Debelah Morgan, American R&B singer
  • 1977 – Jake Westbrook, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kurt Nilsen, Norwegian singer
  • 1978 – Mohini Bhardwaj, American gymnast
  • 1978 – Gunner McGrath, American guitarist (Much the Same)
  • 1979 – Shelley Duncan, American Baseball Player
  • 1979 – Takumi Beppu, Japanese cyclist
  • 1980 – Dallas Green, Canadian musician (Alexisonfire,City and Colour)
  • 1980 – Zachary Levi, American actor
  • 1981 – Siarhei Rutenka, Belarusian handball player
  • 1982 – Ariana Jollee, American pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Rob Smith – Irish musician and songwriter
  • 1984 – Per Mertesacker, German football player
  • 1986 – Benoit Pouliot, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Mark Fraser, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Josh Farro, American guitarist (Paramore)
  • 1988 – Kevin Durant, American basketball player
  • 1999 – Juan Valentín Urdangarín y de Borbón, Spanish royal

September 29 – Deaths:

  • 1364 – Charles, Duke of Brittany
  • 1560 – King Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1496)
  • 1637 – Lorenzo Ruiz, Filipino saint
  • 1642 – René Goupil, French Catholic missionary, one of Canadian Martyrs (b. 1608)
  • 1703 – Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (b. 1610)
  • 1800 – Michael Denis, Austrian poet (b. 1729)
  • 1804 – Michael Hillegas, first Treasurer of the United States (b. 1728)
  • 1833 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain (b. 1784)
  • 1887 – Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (b. 1810)
  • 1889 – Louis Faidherbe, French general (b. 1818)
  • 1900 – Samuel Fenton Cary, congressman, prohibitionist (b. 1814)
  • 1902 – William Topaz McGonagall, British poet (b. 1825)
  • 1902 – Émile Zola, French writer (b. 1840)
  • 1908 – Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (b. 1839)
  • 1925 – Léon Bourgeois, French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1851)
  • 1927 – Willem Einthoven, Dutch inventor, Nobel laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1927 – Arthur Achleitner, German writer (b. 1858)
  • 1930 – Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • 1937 – Ray Ewry, American athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1952 – John Cobb, British racing driver (b. 1899)
  • 1967 – Carson McCullers, American author (b. 1917)
  • 1970 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – W. H. Auden, English poet (b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Casey Stengel, baseball player and manager (b. 1890)
  • 1976 – Wadi Ayoub, Greco-Roman professional wrestler, (b. 1927)
  • 1981 – Bill Shankly, Scottish football manager (b. 1913)
  • 1982 – Monty Stratton, baseball player (b. 1912)
  • 1987 – Henry Ford II, president of Ford Motor Company (b. 1917)
  • 1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Gussie Busch, American brewing magnate (b. 1899)
  • 1994 – Cheb Hasni, Algerian singer (b. 1968)
  • 1996 – Leslie Crowther, British comedian (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (b. 1923)
  • 1998 – Jared High, victim of bullying and suicide (b. 1985)
  • 1998 – Tom Bradley, Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Richard Sainct, French motorcycle rally rider (b. 1970)
  • 2005 – Austin Leslie, American chef, the “Godfather of Fried Chicken” (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Jan Werner Danielsen, Norwegian singer (b. 1976)
  • 2006 – Khalique Ibrahim Khalique, Pakistani journalist and Urdu poet and critic (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Walter Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (b. 1927)

September 29 – Holidays:

  • Argentina, Inventor’s Day – László József Bíró’s birthday.
  • French Republican Calendar – Amarante (Amaranth) Day, eighth day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 28

September 28 – Events:

  • 48 BC – Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.
  • 351 – Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius.
  • 365 – Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
  • 935 – Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslav I of Bohemia.
  • 995 – Members of Slavník’s dynasty – Spytimír, Pobraslav, Porej and Cáslav are murdered by Boleslaus’s son, Boleslaus II the Pious.
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror invades England: the Norman Conquest begins.
  • 1106 – The Battle of Tinchebrai – Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose.
  • 1322 – Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf.
  • 1448 – Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
  • 1542 – Navigator João Rodrigues Cabrilho of Portugal arrives as what is now San Diego, California, United States.
  • 1708 – Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
  • 1779 – American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
  • 1781 – American forces backed by a French fleet begin the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1787 – The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the U.S. Congress to be sent to the state legislatures for approval.
  • 1844 – Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
  • 1867 – Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario.
  • 1867 – The United States takes control of Midway Island.
  • 1868 – Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.
  • 1889 – The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice.
  • 1928 – UK passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
  • 1939 – Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.
  • 1939 – Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.
  • 1941 – Major League Baseball: Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox hits a batting average of .406 that was originally at .3995. He is the last player to have a batting average of .400 or better.
  • 1944 – Battle of Arnhem – Germans defeat British airborne at Arnhem, Netherlands.
  • 1944 – Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.
  • 1958 – France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.
  • 1961 – A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.
  • 1962 – Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane, Australia.
  • 1971 – UK passes the Misuse of Drugs Act banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
  • 1972 – The Canadian national men’s hockey team, led by Paul Henderson, defeat the Soviet Union national ice hockey team 6-5 to win decisive Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series.
  • 1973 – ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT’s involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d’état in Chile.
  • 1975 – The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people were taken as hostages, takes place in London.
  • 1994 – The car ferry MS Estonia sinks in Baltic Sea, killing 852 people.
  • 1995 – Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries take the islands of Comoros in a coup.
  • 2000 – Al-Aqsa Intifada: Arial Sharon visits the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

September 28 – Birthdays:

  • 551 BC – Confucius, Chinese philosopher (d. 479 BC)
  • 58 BC – Livia Drusilla, wife of the Roman emperor Caesar Augustus (d. 29)
  • 1330 – Nicolas Flamel, French alchemist (d. 1417?)
  • 1493 – Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet (d. 1545)
  • 1605 – Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (d. 1694)
  • 1667 – Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
  • 1681 – Johann Mattheson, German composer (d. 1764)
  • 1705 – Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (d. 1774)
  • 1746 – Sir William Jones, English philologist (d. 1794)
  • 1803 – Prosper Mérimée, French author (d. 1870)
  • 1821 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (d. 1874)
  • 1823 – Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (d. 1889)
  • 1824 – Francis Turner Palgrave, British critic and poet (d. 1897)
  • 1836 – Thomas Crapper, English inventor (d. 1910)
  • 1841 – Georges Clemenceau, French politician (d. 1929)
  • 1852 – Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
  • 1856 – Kate Douglas Wiggin, American children’s author (d. 1923)
  • 1861 – Amélie of Orléans, queen of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • 1867 – Hiranuma Kiichiro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1952)
  • 1881 – Pedro de Cordoba, American actor (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – Avery Brundage, American athlete and sports official (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – Jack Fournier, American baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1891 – Myrtle Gonzalez, American actress (d. 1918)
  • 1893 – Giannis Skaribas, Greek writer and dramatist (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Carl Clauberg, Nazi concentration camp doctor (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – William S. Paley, American radio and television executive (d. 1990)
  • 1901 – Ed Sullivan, American television show host (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Heikki Savolainen, Finnish gymnast (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (d. 1931)
  • 1909 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss artist and illustrator
  • 1916 – Peter Finch, English-born actor (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – Ángel Labruna, Argentinian football player and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1923 – John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, British politician (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – William Windom, American actor
  • 1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Seymour Cray, American computer scientist (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Arnold Stang, American actor
  • 1926 – Jerry Clower, American comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1929 – Lata Mangeshkar, Indian playback singer
  • 1932 – Víctor Jara, Chilean folk singer and activist (d. 1973)
  • 1933 – Miguel Berrocal, Sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1934 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress
  • 1934 – Janet Munro, British actress (d. 1972)
  • 1935 – Heather Sears, British actress (d. 1994)
  • 1937 – Alice Mahon, English politician and labor leader
  • 1937 – Rod Roddy, American television announcer (d. 2003)
  • 1938 – Ben E. King, American r&b singer
  • 1939 – Stuart Kauffman, American biologist
  • 1939 – Rudolph Walker, Trinidadian-born British actor
  • 1941 – Edmund Stoiber, German politician
  • 1942 – Marshall Bell, American actor
  • 1942 – Pierre Clémenti, French actor (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Tim Maia, Brazilian Singer (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Joel Higgins, American actor
  • 1943 – Nick St. Nicholas, Canadian musician (Steppenwolf)
  • 1943 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Warren Lieberfarb, American media executive
  • 1946 – Jeffrey Jones, American actor
  • 1946 – Helen Shapiro, English singer
  • 1947 – Bob Carr, Australian politician
  • 1947 – Sheikh Hasina, Bangladeshi politician
  • 1950 – Laurie Lewis, American musician
  • 1950 – John Sayles, American director and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Wei Chen, Canadian journalist
  • 1952 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch actress
  • 1954 – Steve Largent, American football player and U.S. Congressman
  • 1954 – George Lynch, American musician (Dokken)
  • 1955 – Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician
  • 1959 – Ron Fellows, Canadian race car driver
  • 1960 – Jennifer Rush, American pop singer
  • 1961 – Quentin Kawananakoa, American-born pretender to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii
  • 1962 – Grant Fuhr, Canadian hockey player
  • 1963 – Steve Blackman, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Claudio Borghi, Argentine football manager (Colo-Colo)
  • 1964 – Laura Cerón, American actress
  • 1964 – Janeane Garofalo, American actress and comedian
  • 1964 – Paul Jewell, English football manager
  • 1966 – Puri Jagannadh, Indian film director
  • 1967 – Mira Sorvino, American actress
  • 1967 – Moon Unit Zappa, American singer and actress
  • 1968 – Mika Häkkinen, Finnish race car driver and two-time F1 world champion
  • 1968 – Naomi Watts, English-born actress
  • 1969 – Mark Everett, American fugitive
  • 1969 – Éric Lapointe, Canadian singer
  • 1969 – Nico Vaesen, Belgian footballer
  • 1970 – Mike DeJean, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Gualter Salles, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1971 – Alan Wright, English footballer
  • 1972 – Dita Von Teese, American burlesque artist
  • 1973 – Jori Hulkkonen, Finnish electronic musician
  • 1973 – Brian Rafalski, American ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Mariya Kiselyova, Russian swimmer
  • 1974 – Joonas Kolkka, Finnish footballer
  • 1974 – Shane Webcke, Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – John Light, English actor
  • 1975 – Lenny Krayzelburg, American swimmer
  • 1976 – Fedor Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial artist
  • 1977 – Young Jeezy, American Rapper
  • 1977 – Se Ri Pak, Korean golfer
  • 1978 – Bushido, German rapper
  • 1979 – Bam Margera, American skateboarder
  • 1981 – José Calderón, Spanish basketball player
  • 1981 – Jorge Guagua, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1981 – Gül Gölge, Turkish model and actress
  • 1981 – Iracema Trevisan, Brazilian musician (CSS)
  • 1982 – Ray Emery, Canadian hockey player
  • 1982 – Ranbir Kapoor, Indian Actor
  • 1982 – Nolwenn Leroy, French Singer
  • 1982 – Emeka Okafor, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Dustin Penner, Canadian hockey player
  • 1982 – Anderson Varejão, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1983 – Stefan Moore, English footballer
  • 1984 – Melody Thornton, American singer and dancer
  • 1984 – Ryan Zimmerman, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Andrés Guardado, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Hilary Duff, American actress, singer
  • 1988 – Esmée Denters, Dutch singer
  • 1988 – Aleks Vrteski, Australian footballer
  • 1989 – Mark Randall, English footballer
  • 1992 – Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress

September 28 – Deaths:

  • 48 BC – Pompey, Roman general and politician (b. 106 BC)
  • 235 – Saint Pontianus, Pope
  • 876 – Louis the German, King of Eastern Francia (b. 804)
  • 935 – Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (b. 907)
  • 1104 – Pedro I, king of Aragon and Navarre (b. 1068)
  • 1197 – Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1165)
  • 1429 – Cymburgis of Masovia, wife of Duke Ernest of Austria
  • 1582 – George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
  • 1618 – Joshua Sylvester, English poet (b. 1563)
  • 1687 – Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (b. 1623)
  • 1694 – Gabriel Mouton, French scientist (b. 1618)
  • 1702 – Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English statesman (b. 1640)
  • 1742 – Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (b. 1663)
  • 1781 – William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, 4th Earl of Rochford, British diplomat and statesman (b. 1717)
  • 1844 – Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and statesman (b. 1769)
  • 1873 – Émile Gaboriau, French writer and journalist (b. 1832)
  • 1891 – Herman Melville, American novelist (b. 1819)
  • 1895 – Louis Pasteur, French scientist (b. 1822)
  • 1914 – Richard Sears, businessman (Sears, Roebuck and Company) (b. 1863)
  • 1915 – Saitou Hajime, 3rd squad leader of the Shinsengumi died under name of Goro Fujita (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1918 – Freddie Stowers, American soldier (b. 1896)
  • 1935 – W.K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (b. 1860)
  • 1953 – Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – William Edward Boeing, American aviation pioneer (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (b. 1901)
  • 1964 – Harpo Marx, American comedian and actor (b. 1888)
  • 1966 – André Breton, French poet (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – John Dos Passos, American novelist (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Gamal Abdel Nasser, the second President of Egypt (b. 1918)
  • 1978 – Pope John Paul I (b. 1912)
  • 1979 – John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist (b. 1921)
  • 1981 – Rómulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (b. 1908)
  • 1982 – Mabel Albertson, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (b. 1917)
  • 1991 – Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Peter De Vries, American novelist (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Fraser MacPherson, Canadian jazz saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1993 – Alexander A. Drabik, American soldier (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Mexican politician (assassinated) (b. 1946)
  • 1994 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Pierre Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Patsy Mink, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman (Molson family), senator and sports executive (Montreal Canadiens) (b. 1907)
  • 2003 – Althea Gibson, American tennis player (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Elia Kazan, Greek-born American film director (b. 1909)
  • 2003 – George Odlum, Saint Lucian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Scott Muni, American disc jockey (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Constance Baker Motley, American judge (b. 1921)

September 28 – Holidays:

  • Czech Republic – Czech Statehood Day.
  • Taiwan – Teacher’s Day.
  • French Republican Calendar – Carotte (Carrot) Day, seventh day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 27

September 27 – Events:

  • 489 – Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona, and is defeated again.
  • 1331 – The Battle of Plowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order took place.
  • 1540 – The Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) receives its charter from Pope Paul III.
  • 1590 – Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
  • 1605 – The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
  • 1777 – Lancaster, Pennsylvania is the capital of the United States, for one day.
  • 1787 – The United States Constitution is delivered to the states for ratification.
  • 1821 – Mexico gains its independence from Spain.
  • 1822 – Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone.
  • 1825 – The Stockton and Darlington Railway opens, and begins operation of the world’s first service of locomotive-hauled passenger trains.
  • 1854 – The steamship SS Arctic sinks with 300 people on board. This marks the first great disaster in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1886 – Mormon prophet John Taylor receives a controversial revelation on plural marriage that now divides factions of Mormonism.
  • 1903 – Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.
  • 1905 – The physics journal Annalen der Physik published Albert Einstein’s paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?”, introducing the equation E=mc².
  • 1916 – Iyasu is proclaimed deposed as ruler of Ethiopia in a palace coup in favor of his aunt Zauditu.
  • 1922 – King Constantine I of Greece abdicates his throne in favor of his eldest son, King George II.
  • 1928 – The Republic of China is recognized by the United States.
  • 1930 – Bobby Jones wins the U.S. Amateur Championship to complete the Grand Slam of golf. The old structure of the grand slam was The U.S Open, The British Open, and The Amateur Championships.
  • 1937 – Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
  • 1938 – Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched in Glasgow.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
  • 1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
  • 1941 – Foundation of EAM (National Liberation Front) in Greece.
  • 1942 – Glenn Miller and his Orchestra perform for the last time before Miller enters the US Army.
  • 1942 – Last day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps troops barely escape after being surrounded by Japanese forces near the Matanikau River.
  • 1949 – The first Plenary Session of the National People’s Congress approves the design of the Flag of the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1954 – The nationwide debut of Tonight! (The Tonight Show) hosted by Steve Allen on NBC.
  • 1956 – USAF Captain Milburn G. Apt becomes the first man to exceed Mach 3 while flying the Bell X-2. Shortly thereafter, the craft goes out of control and Captain Apt is killed.
  • 1959 – Nearly 5,000 people die on the main Japanese island of Honshu as the result of a typhoon.
  • 1964 – The Warren Commission releases its report, concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, assassinated President John F. Kennedy.
  • 1968 – The stage musical Hair opened at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, where it played 1,998 performances until its closure was forced by the roof’s collapsing in July 1973.
  • 1977 – The 300 metre tall CKVR-TV transmission tower in Barrie, Ontario, Canada is hit by a light aircraft in a fog, causing it to collapse. All aboard the aircraft are killed.
  • 1979 – The United States Department of Education receives final approval from the U.S. Congress to become the 13th US Cabinet agency.
  • 1980 – Marvin Hagler defeats Alan Minter to claim boxing’s world Middleweight championship in London. They have to be escorted away by police after a riot forms.
  • 1983 – Richard Stallman announces the GNU project to develop a free Unix-like operating system.
  • 1988 – The National League for Democracy, led by Aung San Suu Kyi is founded.
  • 1993 – The Sukhumi massacre takes place in Abkhazia.
  • 1995 – The Government of the United States unveils the first of its redesigned bank notes with the $100 bill featuring a larger portrait of Benjamin Franklin slightly off-center.
  • 1996 – In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.
  • 1996 – The Julie N. tanker skip crashes into the Million Dollar Bridge in Portland, Maine spilling thousands of gallons of oil.
  • 1997 – Communications are suddenly lost with the Mars Pathfinder space probe.
  • 1998 – Google is launched.
  • 1999 – The last professional baseball game is played at historic Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 2002 – Timor-Leste (East Timor) joins the United Nations.
  • 2003 – Smart 1 satellite is launched.

September 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1275 – John II of Brabant (d. 1312)
  • 1601 – King Louis XIII of France (d. 1643)
  • 1627 – Jacques Benigne Bossuet, French bishop (d. 1704)
  • 1643 – Solomon Stoddard, American Puritan clergyman
  • 1696 – Alphonsus Liguori, Italian founder of the Redemptionist order (d. 1787)
  • 1719 – Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (d. 1800)
  • 1722 – Samuel Adams, American revolutionary leader (d. 1803)
  • 1729 – Michael Denis, Austrian poet (d. 1800)
  • 1772 – Martha Jefferson Randolph, daughter of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1836)
  • 1803 – Samuel Francis du Pont, American admiral (d. 1865)
  • 1805 – George Müller, Prussian orphanage builder (d. 1898)
  • 1818 – Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, German chemist (d. 1884)
  • 1821 – Henri Frederic Amiel, Swiss writer (d. 1881)
  • 1824 – William “Bull” Nelson, American Civil War general (d. 1862)
  • 1830 – William Babcock Hazen, American Civil War general (d. 1887)
  • 1840 – Thomas Nast, German-born political cartoonist (d. 1902)
  • 1842 – Alphonse Francois Renard, Belgian geologist (d. 1903)
  • 1843 – Gaston Tarry, French mathematician (d. 1913)
  • 1864 – Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic Priest (d. 1938)
  • 1866 – Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic Blessed (d. 1932)
  • 1871 – Grazia Deledda, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1879 – Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician (d. 1934)
  • 1879 – Cyril Scott, English composer (d. 1970)
  • 1885 – Harry Blackstone, Sr., American magician (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Olive Tell, American actress (d. 1951)
  • 1894 – Lothar von Richthofen German pilot (d. 1922)
  • 1895 – Woolf Barnato, British racing driver (d. 1948)
  • 1896 – Sam Ervin, American politician (d. 1985)
  • 1898 – Vincent Youmans, American composer and producer (d. 1946)
  • 1906 – William Empson, British poet (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Jim Thompson, American author (d. 1977)
  • 1907 – Maurice Blanchot, French philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)
  • 1911 – John Harvey, stage and film actor (d. 1982)
  • 1913 – Albert Ellis, American psychologist (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – Frank Handlen, American artist
  • 1917 – Louis Auchincloss, American novelist
  • 1917 – William T. Orr, American television producer (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, Nobel laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1919 – James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician (d. 1986)
  • 1919 – Johnny Pesky, American baseball player
  • 1920 – William Conrad, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Jayne Meadows, American actress
  • 1921 – Milton Subotsky, American TV and film producer (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Carl Ballantine, American actor
  • 1922 – Arthur Penn, American director
  • 1924 – Bernard Waber, American author
  • 1924 – Fred Singer, American scientist
  • 1924 – Bud Powell, American jazz pianist (d. 1966)
  • 1927 – Romano Scarpa, Italian comic book artist
  • 1927 – Steve Stavro, Canadian businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Freddy Quinn, Austrian singer
  • 1932 – Roger C. Carmel, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1932 – Michael Colvin, Canadian singer
  • 1932 – Oliver E. Williamson, American economist
  • 1932 – Yash Chopra, Indian director
  • 1932 – Geoff Bent, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1933 – Will Sampson, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1933 – Greg Morris, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1933 – Rodney Cotterill, Danish-English physicist (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Wilford Brimley, American actor
  • 1934 – Claude Jarman Jr., American actor
  • 1934 – Dick Schaap, American sports reporter (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Don Cornelius, American television host
  • 1936 – Gordon Honeycombe, British playwright
  • 1939 – Kathy Whitworth, American golfer
  • 1939 – Carol Lynn Pearson, American poet and writer
  • 1941 – Serge Ménard, Québécois politician
  • 1941 – Peter Bonetti, English footballer
  • 1941 – Gay Kayler Ashcroft, Australian country music singer
  • 1942 – Dith Pran, Cambodian-born photojournalist
  • 1942 – Alvin Stardust, English singer
  • 1943 – Randy Bachman, Canadian musician
  • 1943 – Amedeo, 5th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat
  • 1945 – Jack Goldstein, Canadian-born artist (d. 2003)
  • 1945 – Kay Ryan, American poet
  • 1946 – Robin Nedwell, English comedy actor (d. 1999)
  • 1946 – T.C. Cannon, Kiowa/Caddo artist (d. 1978)
  • 1947 – Barbara Dickson, Scottish singer
  • 1947 – Denis Lawson, Scottish actor
  • 1947 – Meat Loaf, American singer
  • 1947 – Liz Torres, American actress and singer
  • 1948 – Michele Dotrice, English actor
  • 1948 – A Martinez, American actor
  • 1948 – Tom Braidwood, Canadian actor
  • 1948 – John K. Reed, American coral biologist
  • 1949 – Graham Richardson, Australian politician
  • 1949 – Mike Schmidt, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Jahn Teigen, Norwegian singer
  • 1950 – Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Japanese actor
  • 1951 – Jim Shooter, American comic book writer
  • 1951 – Paul Craig, British law professor
  • 1951 – Michel Rivard, Québécois singer and composer (Beau Dommage)
  • 1952 – Didier Dubois, French mathematician
  • 1952 – Dumitru Prunariu, Romanian cosmonaut
  • 1952 – André Viger, French Canadian marathoner
  • 1953 – Diane Julie Abbott, British politician
  • 1953 – Mata Amritanandamayi, Indian religious leader
  • 1953 – Greg Ham, Australian musician (Men at Work)
  • 1954 – Ray Hadley, Australian radio broadcaster
  • 1958 – Shaun Cassidy, American singer
  • 1959 – Beth Heiden, American speed skater
  • 1960 – Barron Lerner, American physician and historian
  • 1960 – Jean-Marc Barr, French-American actor and director
  • 1961 – Irvine Welsh, Scottish writer
  • 1961 – Andy Lau, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1965 – Ricky Fuji, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Steve Kerr, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Peter MacKay, Canadian political leader
  • 1965 – Alexis Stewart, American radio personality
  • 1965 – Bernard Lord, Premier of New Brunswick
  • 1966 – Lorenzo Cherubini, Italian singer (Jovanotti)
  • 1967 – Uche Okechukwu, Nigerian international soccer player
  • 1970 – Habu Yoshiharu, Japanese professional shogi player
  • 1971 – Li Yapeng, Chinese actor
  • 1971 – Amanda Detmer, American actress
  • 1972 – Sylvia Crawley, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Clara Hughes, Canadian cyclist
  • 1972 – Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress
  • 1972 – Craig L. Rice, American Politician
  • 1973 – Chris Demakes, American singer/guitarist (Less Than Jake)
  • 1976 – Dean Butterworth, English musician
  • 1976 – Matt Harding, American video game developer
  • 1976 – Jason Phillips, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Francesco Totti, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Andrus Värnik, Estonian javelin thrower
  • 1978 – Brad Arnold, American singer (3 Doors Down)
  • 1978 – Jon Rauch, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Jon Garland, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Zita Görög, Hungarian actress and model
  • 1979 – Christian Jones, Australian racing driver
  • 1979 – Steve Simpson, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1980 – Asashoryu, Mongolian sumo wrestler
  • 1981 – Lakshmipathy Balaji, Indian cricketer
  • 1981 – Brendon McCullum, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1981 – Cytherea, American adult actress
  • 1982 – Darrent Williams, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1982 – Lil Wayne, American rapper
  • 1983 – Travis MacRae, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1983 – Shermon Tang, Hong Kong actress
  • 1983 – Jeon Hye Bin, Korean actress
  • 1984 – Paul Bevan, Australian rules footballer
  • 1984 – John Lannan, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Avril Lavigne, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Jamar Butler, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Ricardo Risatti, Argentine racing driver
  • 1990 – Kylee Lin, American beauty pageant winner
  • 1992 – Jake Burbage, American actor
  • 1996 – Iman bint Al Abdullah II, princess of Jordan

September 27 – Deaths:

  • 1249 – Count Raymond VII of Toulouse (b. 1197)
  • 1304 – John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, English soldier
  • 1404 – William of Wykeham, English bishop (b. 1320)
  • 1557 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (b. 1497)
  • 1590 – Pope Urban VII (b. 1521)
  • 1615 – Arbella Stuart, English noblewoman (b. 1575)
  • 1651 – Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1573)
  • 1660 – Vincent de Paul, French saint (b. 1580)
  • 1700 – Pope Innocent XII (b. 1615)
  • 1719 – George Smalridge, English Bishop of Bristol (b. 1662)
  • 1730 – Laurence Eusden, English poet (b. 1688)
  • 1735 – Peter Artedi, Swedish naturalist (b. 1705)
  • 1737 – John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councilor (b. 1680)
  • 1742 – Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (b. 1672)
  • 1783 – Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (b. 1730)
  • 1832 – Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher (b. 1781)
  • 1876 – Braxton Bragg, American Confederate general (b. 1817)
  • 1891 – Ivan Goncharov, Russian author (b. 1812)
  • 1911 – Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist (b. 1844)
  • 1915 – Remy de Gourmont, French poet (b. 1858)
  • 1917 – Edgar Degas, French painter (b. 1834)
  • 1921 – Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (b. 1854)
  • 1940 – Walter Benjamin, German philosopher (b. 1892)
  • 1940 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1944 – Aimee Semple McPherson, American evangelist (b. 1890)
  • 1956 – Gerald Finzi, English composer (b. 1901)
  • 1956 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (b. 1911)
  • 1960 – Sylvia Pankhurst, English suffragette (b. 1882)
  • 1965 – Clara Bow, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1972 – S. R. Ranganathan, Indian mathematician (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Silvio Frondizi, Argentine lawyer, assassinated by the Triple A(b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Jack Lang, Australian politician (b. 1876)
  • 1979 – Dame Gracie Fields, British comedian (b. 1898)
  • 1981 – Robert Montgomery, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Cliff Burton, American bassist (Metallica) (b. 1962)
  • 1991 – Oona O’Neill, daughter of playwright Eugene O’Neill and 4th wife of Charlie Chaplin (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Jimmy Doolittle, American general (b. 1896)
  • 1996 – Mohammad Najibullah, President of Afghanistan (b. 1947)
  • 1997 – Walter Trampler, American violist (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Narita Bryan, Japanese racehorse (b. 1991)
  • 1998 – Doak Walker, American footballer (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Donald O’Connor, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Ronald Golias, Brazilian comedian (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Kenji Nagai, Japanese photojournalist (b. 1957)

September 27 – Holidays:

  • Ethiopian Orthodox Church – Meskel.
  • Belgium – French Community Holiday.
  • French Republican Calendar – Balsamine (Impatiens) Day, sixth day in the Month of Vendémiaire.
  • World Tourism Day.

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On This Day in History September 26

September 26 – Events:

  • 46 BC – Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the battle of Pharsalus.
  • 715 – Ragenfrid defeats Theudoald at the Battle of Compiègne.
  • 1212 – Golden Bull of Sicily certified hereditary royal title in Bohemia for Premyslid dynasty.
  • 1580 – Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe.
  • 1687 – The Parthenon in Athens is partially destroyed after an explosion caused by the bombing from Venetian forces led by Morosini who were besieging the Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens.
  • 1687 – The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange’s invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1777 – British troops occupy Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.
  • 1783 – Fayette County, Pennsylvania created
  • 1789 – Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General.
  • 1792 – Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France.
  • 1810 – A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
  • 1907 – New Zealand and Newfoundland each become dominions within the British Empire.
  • 1908 – Ed Reulbach became the first and only pitcher to throw two shutouts in one day against the Brooklyn Dodgers.
  • 1914 – The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
  • 1918 – World War I: Battle of Meuse.
  • 1934 – Steamship RMS Queen Mary is launched.
  • 1937 – Street and Smith Publications launches a half-hour radio program featuring the announcer for its “Detective Stories” radio show, The Shadow, with Orson Welles in the title role.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Market Garden fails.
  • 1944 – World War II: On central front of Gothic Line Brazilians troops controlled the Serchio valley region after ten days of fighting.
  • 1950 – United Nations troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans.
  • 1950 – Indonesia admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1954 – Japanese rail ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait, Japan killing 1,172.
  • 1960 – In Chicago, the first televised debate takes place between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy.
  • 1960 – Fidel Castro announces Cuba’s support for the U.S.S.R.
  • 1962 – Yemen Arab Republic is proclaimed.
  • 1970 – The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres (710 km²).
  • 1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.
  • 1980 – The Lonie Report in Victoria, Australia recommends rail line closures and freeway expansion.
  • 1981 – Baseball: Nolan Ryan sets a Major League record by throwing his fifth no-hitter.
  • 1983 – Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov averts a worldwide nuclear war.
  • 1983 – Australia II, the first non-American winner, wins the America’s Cup.
  • 1984 – United Kingdom agrees to handover of Hong Kong.
  • 1988 – Ben Johnson is stripped of his gold medal in the 100 m sprint at the Seoul Olympics for failing a drug test.
  • 1997 – A Garuda Indonesia Airbus A-300 crashes near Medan, Indonesia, airport, killing 234.
  • 1997 – An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and the Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse.
  • 2000 – Anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 20,000 protesters) turned violent during the IMF and World Bank summits.
  • 2000 – M/S Express Samina sinks off Paros in the Agean sea killing 80 passengers.
  • 2002 – The overcrowded Senegalese ferry MV Joola capsizes off the coast of Gambia killing more than 1,000.

September 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1181 – Saint Francis of Assisi, Italian founder of the Franciscan Order (d. 1226)
  • 1329 – Anna of Bavaria, Queen of the Romans (d. 1353)
  • 1406 – Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician (d. 1430)
  • 1711 – Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician (d. 1779)
  • 1750 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (d. 1810)
  • 1758 – Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician, founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires.
  • 1774 – Johnny Appleseed, American environmentalist (d. 1847)
  • 1791 – Théodore Géricault, French painter (d. 1824)
  • 1840 – Louis-Olivier Taillon, French Canadian politician (d. 1923)
  • 1865 – Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English pilot and ornithologist (d. 1937)
  • 1869 – Komitas, Armenian composer (d. 1935)
  • 1870 – King Christian X of Denmark (d. 1947)
  • 1871 – Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (d. 1934)
  • 1873 – Waclaw Berent, Polish novelist and translator (d. 1940)
  • 1873 – Aleksey Shchusev, Russian architect (d. 1949)
  • 1874 – Lewis Hine, American photographer and social activist (d. 1940)
  • 1875 – Edmund Gwenn, Welsh actor (d. 1959)
  • 1876 – Edith Abbott, American social worker, educator, and author (d. 1957)
  • 1877 – Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (d. 1963)
  • 1877 – Alfred Cortot, Swiss pianist (d. 1962)
  • 1881 – Hiram Wesley Evans, Ku Klux Klan Imperial Wizard (d. 1966)
  • 1886 – Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1977)
  • 1887 – Edwin Keppel Bennett, English writer (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Antonio Moreno, Spanish-born actor (d. 1967)
  • 1887 – Sir Barnes Wallis, English scientist, engineer and inventor (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – J. Frank Dobie, American folklorist and newspaper columnist (d. 1964)
  • 1888 – T. S. Eliot, American-born writer and editor, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1891 – Charles Münch, French conductor and violinist (d. 1968)
  • 1893 – Gladys Brockwell, American actress (d. 1929)
  • 1895 – George Raft, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1897 – Pope Paul VI (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (d. 1917)
  • 1898 – George Gershwin, American composer (d. 1937)
  • 1905 – Emilio Navarro, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1907 – Anthony Blunt, English art historian and Soviet spy (d. 1983)
  • 1907 – Bep van Klaveren, Dutch boxer (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Bill France, Sr., American founder of NASCAR (d. 1992)
  • 1913 – Frank Brimsek, American ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Jack LaLanne, American fitness, exercise and nutritional expert
  • 1917 – Réal Caouette, French Canadian politician, leader of the Ralliement créditiste (d. 1976)
  • 1919 – Barbara Britton, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1919 – Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher
  • 1922 – Nicholas Romanov, French-born pretender to the Russian throne
  • 1923 – Dev Anand, Indian actor and film producer
  • 1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Norm Dussault, American ice hockey player
  • 1925 – Marty Robbins, American singer (d. 1982)
  • 1926 – Julie London, American singer and actress (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Manfred Mayrhofer, Austrian Indo-European Philologist
  • 1927 – Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (d. 1990)
  • 1927 – Robert Cade, American physician and inventor of the beverage Gatorade (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Patrick O’Neal, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Bob Van der Veken, Belgian actor
  • 1930 – Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor (d. 1966)
  • 1932 – Richard Herd, American actor
  • 1932 – Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India
  • 1932 – Vladimir Voinovich, Russian writer and dissident
  • 1933 – Donna Douglas, American actress
  • 1935 – Joe Sherlock, Irish Labour Party politician (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Winnie Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist
  • 1937 – Valentin Pavlov, Soviet politician (d. 2003)
  • 1937 – Jerry Weintraub, American film producer
  • 1939 – Ricky Tomlinson, English actor
  • 1941 – Salvatore Accardo, Italian violinist and conductor
  • 1942 – Kent McCord, American actor
  • 1943 – Ian Chappell, Australian cricketer and broadcaster
  • 1943 – Tim Schenken, Australian racing driver
  • 1944 – Anne Robinson, English television host
  • 1945 – Louise Beaudoin, French Canadian politician
  • 1945 – Gal Costa, Brazilian singer
  • 1945 – Bryan Ferry, English singer
  • 1946 – Andrea Dworkin, American feminist (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Christine Todd Whitman, American politician
  • 1947 – Lynn Anderson, American country music singer
  • 1948 – Olivia Newton-John, English-born Australian singer and actress
  • 1949 – Clodoaldo, Brazilian football player
  • 1949 – Jane Smiley, American novelist
  • 1949 – Minette Walters, English novelist
  • 1951 – Stuart Tosh, Scottish musician
  • 1952 – Predrag Miletic, Serbian actor
  • 1953 – Joe Benigno, American radio personality
  • 1953 – Dolores Keane, Irish folk singer
  • 1953 – Aivars Lembergs, Latvian politician
  • 1954 – Kevin Kennedy, American baseball manager and television host
  • 1955 – Carlene Carter, American singer
  • 1956 – Steve Butler, American racing driver
  • 1956 – Linda Hamilton, American actress
  • 1958 – Richard B. Weldon, Jr., American politician
  • 1959 – Rich Gedman, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Will Self, English author
  • 1962 – Melissa Sue Anderson, American actress
  • 1962 – Peter Foster, Australian con-man
  • 1963 – Lysette Anthony, English actress
  • 1964 – Nicki French, English singer
  • 1965 – Cindy Herron, American singer (En Vogue)
  • 1965 – Alexandra Lencastre, Portuguese actress
  • 1966 – Jillian Barberie, Canadian actress and television hostess
  • 1966 – Christos Dantis, Greek composer and singer
  • 1966 – Craig “Ironhead” Heyward, American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Shannon Hoon, American singer (Blind Melon) (d. 1995)
  • 1968 – James Caviezel, American actor
  • 1969 – Anthony Kavanagh, French Canadian comedian, actor and singer
  • 1969 – Andy Petterson, Australian footballer
  • 1969 – Paul Warhurst, English footballer
  • 1970 – Rachel Jacobs, American actress
  • 1970 – Sheri Moon Zombie, American actress
  • 1972 – Ras Kass, American rapper
  • 1972 – Melanie Paxson, American actress
  • 1972 – Shawn Stockman, American singer (Boyz II Men)
  • 1973 – Marty Casey, American singer (Lovehammers)
  • 1973 – Chris Small, Scottish snooker player
  • 1973 – Olga Vasdeki, Greek triple jumper
  • 1974 – Boris Cepeda,German-Ecuadorian pianist and diplomat
  • 1974 – Gary Hall, Jr., American swimmer
  • 1974 – Martin Müürsepp, Estonian basketball player
  • 1975 – Emma Härdelin, Swedish singer (Garmarna and Triakel)
  • 1975 – Jake Paltrow, American film director, brother of Gwyneth Paltrow
  • 1976 – Michael Ballack, German footballer
  • 1976 – Tyler Denk, American model and reality show contestant
  • 1977 – Kaylynn, American porn star
  • 1978 – Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot, Kenyan long-distance runner
  • 1979 – Jon Harley, English footballer
  • 1979 – Fuifui Moimoi, New Zealand (Tongan) rugby league footballer
  • 1979 – Jaycie Phelps, American gymnast
  • 1980 – Jane Darling, Czech porn model/actress
  • 1980 – Patrick Friesacher, Austrian race car driver
  • 1980 – Henrik and Daniel Sedin, Swedish ice hockey players
  • 1981 – Collien Fernandes, German TV host and actress
  • 1981 – Christina Milian, American actress and singer
  • 1981 – Serena Williams, American tennis player
  • 1982 – Miguel Alfredo Portillo, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Rob Burrow, English rugby league player
  • 1983 – Ricardo Quaresma, Portuguese footballer
  • 1983 – Samantha Hammel, American record producer and actress
  • 1984 – Keisha Buchanan, English singer (Sugababes)
  • 1985 – Lenna Kuurmaa, Estonian singer (Vanilla Ninja)
  • 1986 – Ashley Leggat, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Rosie Munter, Swedish singer (Play)
  • 1988 – Kiira Korpi, Finnish figure skater
  • 1988 – Mark Simpson, English clarinetist and composer
  • 2000 – Princess Salma bint Al Abdullah II of Jordan

September 26 – Deaths:

  • 1417 – Francesco Zabarella, Italian jurist (b. 1360)
  • 1468 – Juan de Torquemada, Spanish Catholic cardinal (b. 1388)
  • 1501 – Džore Držic, Croatian writer (b. 1461)
  • 1620 – Taichang Emperor of China (b. 1582)
  • 1626 – Wakisaka Yasuharu, Japanese warrior (b. 1554)
  • 1716 – Antoine Parent, French mathematician (b. 1666)
  • 1763 – John Byron, English poet (b. 1692)
  • 1764 – Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (b. 1767)
  • 1800 – William Billings, father of American choral music (b. 1746)
  • 1802 – Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and military officer (b. 1754)
  • 1820 – Daniel Boone, American frontiersman (b. 1734)
  • 1868 – August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)
  • 1877 – Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1809) 1902 – Levi Strauss,
  • American clothing manufacturer (b. 1829)
  • 1904 – John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman and statesman (b. 1848)
  • 1904 – Lafcadio Hearn, Greek writer (b. 1850)
  • 1937 – Bessie Smith, American singer (b. 1894)
  • 1945 – Béla Bartók, Hungarian composer (b. 1881)
  • 1947 – Hugh Lofting, English writer (b. 1886)
  • 1951 – Hans Cloos, German geologist (b. 1885)
  • 1952 – George Santayana, Spanish philosopher (b. 1863)
  • 1953 – Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – James Fitzmaurice, Irish aviation pioneer (b. 1898)
  • 1968 – Daniel Johnson, Sr., Canadian politician, premier of Québec (b. 1915)
  • 1972 – Charles Correll, American radio actor (b. 1890)
  • 1973 – Ralph Earnhardt, American race car driver (b. 1923)
  • 1973 – Anna Magnani, Italian actress (b. 1908)
  • 1976 – Lavoslav Ružicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1979 – Arthur Hunnicutt, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Alec Hurwood, Australian cricketer (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Tino Rossi, French singer and actor (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – John Facenda, American broadcaster and sports announcer (b. 1913)
  • 1984 – Paquirri, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1948)
  • 1986 – Hugh Franklin, American soap opera actor (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Alberto Moravia, Italian author (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Billy Vaughn, American instrumentalist, singer and bandleader (b. 1919)
  • 1998 – Betty Carter, American singer (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Oseola McCarty, notable benefactor of Southern Miss (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Richard Mulligan, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2000 – Baden Powell, Brazilian guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Robert Palmer, English singer (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Shawn Lane, American guitarist (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Marianna Komlos, professional wrestling valet (b. 1969)
  • 2005 – Helen Cresswell, British author
  • 2006 – Byron Nelson, American golfer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, alleged Tokyo Rose (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Dorothy Schwartz, American violinist (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Bill Wirtz, American owner of the Chicago Blackhawks (b. 1929)

September 26 – Holidays:

  • European Day of Languages.

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On This Day in History September 25

September 25 – Events:

  • 303 – On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France.
  • 1066 – The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Anglo-Saxon era.
  • 1396 – Ottoman Emperor Bayezid I defeats a Christian army at the Battle of Nicopolis.
  • 1513 – Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa reached what would be known as the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1555 – The Peace of Augsburg is signed in Augsburg by Charles V and the princes of the Schmalkaldic League.
  • 1690 – “Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick,” the first newspaper to appear in the Americas, is published for the first and only time.
  • 1789 – The U.S. Congress passes twelve amendments to the United States Constitution: the Congressional Apportionment Amendment, the Congressional Compensation Amendment, and the ten that are known as the Bill of Rights. Only the Bill of Rights were ratified at the time, while the other two were proposed by James Madison but not ratified. In 1992, the Congressional Compensation Amendment was ratified as the 27th amendment to the Constitution.
  • 1804 – The Teton Sioux (a subdivision of the Lakota) demand one of the boats from the Lewis and Clark Expedition as a toll for moving further upriver.
  • 1846 – U.S. forces led by Zachary Taylor captured the Mexican city of Monterrey.
  • 1868 – The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Neuski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
  • 1906 – In the presence of the king and before a great crowd, Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the invention of the Telekino in the port of Bilbao, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered the birth of the Remote control.
  • 1911 – Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1912 – Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York, New York.
  • 1915 – The Second Battle of Champagne begins.
  • 1929 – Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight from Mitchel Field proving that full Instrument Flying from take off to landing is possible.
  • 1944 – Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, thus ending Operation Market Garden.
  • 1955 – The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
  • 1957 – Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated through the use of United States Army troops.
  • 1959 – Solomon Bandaranaike, prime minister of Sri Lanka is mortally wounded by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day.
  • 1962 – The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of the provisional government.
  • 1970 – Cease-fire between Jordan and the fedayeen ends fighting triggered by four hijackings on September 6 and 9.
  • 1972 – In the Norwegian EC referendum, 1972, the people of Norway reject membership.
  • 1978 – PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727-214, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, California, resulting in the deaths of 144 people.
  • 1980 – The first congress of the Democratic Youth Organization of Afghanistan held in Kabul.
  • 1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor was the 102nd Justice sworn in as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, the first woman to hold the office.
  • 1983 – Maze Prison escape. 38 republican prisoners, armed with 6 handguns, hijacked a prison meals lorry and smashed their way out of HMP Maze. The largest prison escape since WWII and in British history.
  • 1996 – The last of the Magdalen Asylums closes in Ireland.
  • 1997 – Wing Commander Andy Green, OBE (RAF) establishes the world Land Speed Record at Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah in the ThrustSSC jet-powered car, and becomes the first man to break the speed of sound on land.
  • 2002 – The Vitim event, a possible bolide impact in Siberia, Russia.
  • 2003 – A magnitude-8.0 earthquake strikes just offshore of Hokkaido, Japan.
  • 2005 – E1 Train Disaster
  • 2005 – Spanish Formula One racing driver Fernando Alonso becomes the youngest FIA Formula One World Champion ever.
  • 2007 – Halo 3 was released in Australia, Brazil, India, New Zealand, North America, and Singapore, which went on to gross US$170 million in its first 24 hours; a media record.

September 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1358 – Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1408)
  • 1525 – Steven Borough, English explorer (d. 1584)
  • 1599 – Francesco Borromini, Italian architect (d. 1667)
  • 1644 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (d. 1710)
  • 1683 – Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer (d. 1764)
  • 1694 – Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1754)
  • 1711 – Qianlong Emperor of China (d. 1799)
  • 1725 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer (d. 1804)
  • 1738 – Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (d. 1789)
  • 1764 – Fletcher Christian, English Bounty mutineer (d. 1793)
  • 1766 – Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, French-Russian statesman (d. 1822)
  • 1773 – Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist (d. 1856)
  • 1780 – Jason Fairbanks, American murderer (d. 1801)
  • 1782 – Charles Robert Maturin, Irish playwright and novelist (d. 1824)
  • 1796 – Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (d. 1875)
  • 1798 – Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French geologist (d. 1874)
  • 1825 – William Pitt Ballinger, Texas lawyer and statesman (d. 1888)
  • 1839 – Karl Alfred von Zittel, German palaeontologist (d. 1904)
  • 1862 – Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1952)
  • 1866 – Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1867 – Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1938)
  • 1881 – Lu Xun, Chinese writer (d. 1936)
  • 1889 – C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator (d. 1930)
  • 1896 – Sandro Pertini, President of the Italian Republic (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1898 – Robert Brackman American artist (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Robert Bresson, French film director (d. 1999)
  • 1903 – Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (d. 1975)
  • 1915 – Ethel Rosenberg, American Communist (d. 1953)
  • 1917 – Phil Rizzuto, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Johnny Sain, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Sergei Bondarchuk, Ukrainian-born actor (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Sir Robert Muldoon, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Paul B. MacCready, Jr., American aeronautical engineer (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Silvana Pampanini, Italian actress
  • 1926 – Aldo Ray, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1926 – Jack Hyles, Baptist pastor (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Sir Colin Davis, English conductor
  • 1929 – Ronnie Barker, British comedian and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Barbara Walters, American broadcaster
  • 1930 – Shel Silverstein, American humorist and author (d. 1999)
  • 1931 – Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian poet (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1932 – Adolfo Suárez, Prime Minister of Spain (1977-1981)
  • 1933 – Hubie Brown, American basketball coach and broadcaster
  • 1933 – Brian Murphy, British actor
  • 1934 – Jean Sorel, French actor
  • 1936 – Juliet Prowse, British actress and dancer (d. 1996)
  • 1938 – Jonathan Motzfeldt, first Prime Minister of Greenland
  • 1939 – Feroz Khan, Indian actor
  • 1943 – Robert Gates, American Secretary of Defense
  • 1943 – John Locke, American musician (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Michael Douglas, American actor and producer
  • 1944 – Doris Matsui, American politician
  • 1945 – Carol Vadnais, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1946 – Felicity Kendal, British actress
  • 1946 – Bryan MacLean, American musician, singer and songwriter (Love) (d. 1998)
  • 1946 – Jerry Penrod, American bass player
  • 1947 – Cheryl Tiegs, American model
  • 1951 – Mark Hamill, American actor
  • 1952 – Christopher Reeve, American actor and activist (d. 2004)
  • 1952 – Gloria Jean Watkins, American scholar
  • 1952 – Anson Williams, American actor and director
  • 1953 – Richard Harvey, British musician and composer (Gryphon)
  • 1954 – Sylvester Croom, American college football coach
  • 1954 – Juande Ramos, Spanish Football Manager
  • 1955 – Steven Severin, British musician (Siouxsie & the Banshees)
  • 1955 – Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, German footballer
  • 1955 – Ludo Coeck, Belgian footballer (d. 1985)
  • 1956 – Jamie Hyneman, an American visual effects expert, best known for his TV show MythBusters
  • 1957 – Ian Reddington, English actor
  • 1958 – Michael Madsen, American actor
  • 1958 – Eamonn Healy, Irish chemist
  • 1960 – Igor Belanov, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1960 – Sonia Benezra, Canadian television host
  • 1961 – Heather Locklear, American actress and model
  • 1962 – Aida Turturro, American actress
  • 1963 – Keely Shaye Smith, Wife of Pierce Brosnan, The Famous actor
  • 1963 – Tate Donovan, American actor
  • 1964 – Anita Barone, American actress
  • 1964 – Kikuko Inoue, Japanese singer and voice actress (seiyu)
  • 1964 – Joey Saputo, Canadian businessman and sports executive
  • 1964 – Gary Ayles, British racing driver
  • 1965 – Scottie Pippen, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Kim Issel, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Will Smith, American actor and rapper
  • 1968 – John Worsfold, Australian rules football coach
  • 1968 – Prince Johan-Friso of Orange-Nassau
  • 1969 – Hansie Cronje, South African cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1969 – Catherine Zeta-Jones, Welsh actress
  • 1969 – Hal Sparks, American actor
  • 1969 – Heather Stewart-Whyte, British supermodel
  • 1970 – Dean Ween, American musician (Ween)
  • 1971 – John Lynch, American football player
  • 1973 – Bridgette Wilson, American actress
  • 1973 – Tijani Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  • 1973 – Bridget Marquardt, American model and girlfriend of Hugh Hefner
  • 1974 – Daniel Kessler, American musician (Interpol)
  • 1975 – Declan Donnelly, English television presenter (Ant and Dec)
  • 1975 – Matt Hasselbeck, American football player
  • 1975 – Daniel Hyde, British actor
  • 1976 – Chauncey Billups, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Clea DuVall, American actress
  • 1977 – Mike Krahulik, Illustrator
  • 1977 – Wil Nieves, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1978 – Roudolphe Douala, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1978 – Ricardo Gardner, Jamaican footballer
  • 1978 – Jodie Kidd, English model
  • 1978 – Joel Pineiro, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1980 – T.I., American rapper
  • 1981 – Rocco Baldelli, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jason Bergmann, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Shane Tutmarc, American songwriter/musician
  • 1982 – Hyun Bin, South Korean actor
  • 1983 – Terrance Pennington, National Football League guard
  • 1984 – Matt Carle, American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Calvin Johnson, American football player
  • 1990 – Mao Asada, Japanese figure skater
  • 1991 – Emmy Clarke, American actress

September 25 – Deaths:

  • 1066 – Killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge:
    • Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria
    • Harald III of Norway (b. 1015)
  • 1086 – William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1025)
  • 1333 – Prince Morikuni, Japanese shogun (b. 1301)
  • 1496 – Piero Capponi, Italian soldier and statesman (b. 1447)
  • 1506 – King Philip I of Castile (b. 1478)
  • 1534 – Pope Clement VII (b. 1478)
  • 1536 – Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet (b. 1511)
  • 1602 – Caspar Peucer, German reformer (b. 1525)
  • 1617 – Francisco Suarez, Spanish Jesuit, philosopher/theologian (b. 1548)
  • 1617 – Emperor Go-Yozei of Japan, (b. 1617)
  • 1626 – Lancelot Andrewes, English scholar and Bishop of the Church of England (b. 1555)
  • 1630 – Ambrosio Spinola, marqués de los Balbases, Spanish general (b. 1569)
  • 1665 – Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (b. 1610)
  • 1703 – Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor (b. 1658)
  • 1774 – John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (b. 1714)
  • 1777 – Johann Heinrich Lambert, German scientist (b. 1728)
  • 1791 – William Bradford, American printer (b. 1719)
  • 1792 – Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman (b. 1710)
  • 1794 – Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
  • 1825 – Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1879)
  • 1849 – Johann Strauss, Senior, Austrian composer (b. 1804)
  • 1867 – Oliver Loving, American pioneer rancher (b. 1812)
  • 1900 – Félix-Gabriel Marchand, premier of Québec (b. 1832)
  • 1901 – Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • 1905 – Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (b. 1853)
  • 1918 – Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (b. 1857)
  • 1926 – Herbert Booth, the third son of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1862)
  • 1929 – Miller Huggins, American baseball player and manager (b. 1879)
  • 1933 – Ring Lardner, American writer (b. 1885)
  • 1946 – Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician and war criminal (b. 1879)
  • 1960 – Emily Post, American author & etiquette expert (b. 1873)
  • 1961 – Frank Fay American actor (b. 1897)
  • 1968 – Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (b. 1891)
  • 1970 – Erich Maria Remarque, German author (b. 1898)
  • 1979 – Tapio Rautavaara, Finnish athlete, actor, and singer (b. 1915)
  • 1980 – John Bonham, British drummer (Led Zeppelin) (b. 1948)
  • 1980 – Lewis Milestone, Moldovan film director (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Marie Under, Estonian author and poet (b. 1883)
  • 1980 – Earl Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer (b. 1890)
  • 1983 – King Léopold III of Belgium (b. 1901)
  • 1984 – Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor (b. 1897)
  • 1986 – Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1986 – Donald MacDonald former president of the Canadian Labour Congress and politician (b.1909)
  • 1986 – Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguists (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Darshan Singh Canadian, Indian communist leader (b. 1917)
  • 1987 – Mary Astor, Academy Award-winning American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Emlyn Williams, Welsh actor (b. 1905)
  • 1988 – Billy Carter, brother of Jimmy Carter (b. 1937)
  • 1991 – Klaus Barbie, Nazi war criminal (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Viviane Romance, French actress (b. 1912)
  • 1995 – Dave Bowen, Wales international football manager (b. 1928)
  • 1995 – Bessie Delany, American physician and author (b. 1891)
  • 1996 – Nicu Ceausescu, Romanian politician (b. 1951)
  • 1997 – Jean Françaix, French composer (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Hélène Baillargeon, Quebec singer, actor and folklorist (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Marion Zimmer Bradley, American writer (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Aquila al-Hashimi, Iraqi politician (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Herb Gardner, American playwright (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Franco Modigliani, Italian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – George Plimpton, American writer and actor (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Edward Said, Palestinian-born literary critic (b. 1935)
  • 2005 – Don Adams, American actor and comedian (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – George Archer, American golfer (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Urie Bronfenbrenner, American psychologist, founder of Head Start program (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – M. Scott Peck, American psychiatrist and writer (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Friedrich Peter, Austrian politician (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Jeff Cooper, renowned firearms expert (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – John M. Ford, American author and poet (b. 1957)
  • 2007 – Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian negotiator and community leader (b. 1919)

September 25 – Holidays:

  • Mozambique – Armed Forces Day.
  • French Republican Calendar – Colchique (Crocus) Day, fourth day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 24

September 24 – Events:

  • 1664 – The Netherlands surrenders New Amsterdam to England.
  • 1789 – The office of the Attorney General of the United States of America, and the United States Post Office Department are established.
  • 1841 – The Sultan of Brunei cedes Sarawak to Britain.
  • 1852 – The first airship is displayed.
  • 1869 – “Black Friday”: Gold prices plummet after Ulysses S. Grant orders the Treasury to sell large quantities of gold after Jay Gould and James Fisk plot to control the market.
  • 1877 – Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
  • 1890 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints officially renounces polygamy.
  • 1903 – Edmund Barton steps down as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by Alfred Deakin.
  • 1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower the nation’s first National Monument.
  • 1935 – Earl Bascom and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi
  • 1946 – Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong
  • 1947 – Majestic 12 is allegedly established by secret executive order of President Harry Truman
  • 1948 – The Honda Motor Company is founded.
  • 1950 – Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada and New England. A Blue moon (in the astronomical sense) is seen as far away as Europe.
  • 1957 – Camp Nou, the largest stadium in Europe, is opened in Barcelona.
  • 1957 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends 101st Airborne Division troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation.
  • 1962 – United States court of appeals orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith.
  • 1973 – Guinea-Bissau declares its independence from Portugal.
  • 1988 – Summer Olympics: Ben Johnson beats Carl Lewis and Linford Christie in the 100 metres sprint in a record time of 9.79 seconds. (Johnson would later be disqualified in a high profile case of doping.)
  • 1990 – Periodic Great White Spot observed on Saturn
  • 1994 – National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and various others to help fight against dictatorship in Myanmar.
  • 1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Rita makes landfall in the United States, devastating Beaumont, Texas and portions of southwestern Louisiana.

September 24 – Birthdays:

  • 15 – Vitellius, Roman Emperor (d. 69)
  • 1301 – Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (d. 1372)
  • 1501 – Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician (d. 1576)
  • 1513 – Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen of Sweden (d. 1535)
  • 1534 – Guru Ram Das, fourth Sikh Guru (d. 1581)
  • 1564 – William Adams, British navigator (d. 1620)
  • 1583 – Albrecht von Wallenstein, Austrian general (d. 1634)
  • 1625 – Johan de Witt, Dutch politician (d. 1672)
  • 1705 – Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (d. 1766)
  • 1717 – Horace Walpole, British novelist and politician (d. 1797)
  • 1725 – Sir Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer (d. 1803)
  • 1739 – Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin, Russian statesman (d. 1791)
  • 1755 – John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1835)
  • 1801 – Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian scientist (d. 1862)
  • 1802 – Adolphe d’Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist (d. 1868)
  • 1817 – Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio, Spanish poet and philosopher (d. 1901)
  • 1829 – Charles S. West, Texas jurist and politician (d. 1885)
  • 1858 – Eugene Foss, 45 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1939)
  • 1870 – Georges Claude, French chemist and inventor (d. 1960)
  • 1871 – Lottie Dod, English athlete (d. 1960)
  • 1878 – C. F. Ramuz, Swiss writer (d. 1947)
  • 1884 – Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (d. 1953)
  • 1890 – Mike González, baseball player (d. 1977)
  • 1890 – A. P. Herbert, British humorist, barrister, novelist (d. 1971)
  • 1892 – Adélard Godbout, premier of Québec (d. 1956)
  • 1894 – Tommy Armour, Anglo-American golfer (d. 1968)
  • 1895 – André Frédéric Cournand, French Nobel Laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1896 – F. Scott Fitzgerald, American novelist (d. 1940)
  • 1898 – Howard Walter Florey, Nobel Laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1899 – Sir William Dobell, Australian portrait artist (d. 1970)
  • 1900 – Ham Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1955)
  • 1905 – Severo Ochoa, Nobel Laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Gerard Ciolek, Polish architect (d. 1966)
  • 1910 – Jean Servais, Belgian actor (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Konstantin Chernenko, Soviet premier (d. 1985)
  • 1912 – Don Porter, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Sir John Kerr, 18th Governor-General of Australia (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Audra Lindley, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Dayton Allen, American actor and comedian (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Richard Bong, American ace fighter pilot and Medal of Honor winner (d. 1945)
  • 1921 – Jim McKay, American sports commentator
  • 1922 – Cornell MacNeil, American baritone
  • 1923 – Louis Edmonds, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Fats Navarro, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1950)
  • 1924 – Nina Bocharova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1924 – Theresa Merritt, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – Sheila MacRae, singer & actress
  • 1925 – Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Alfredo Kraus, Spanish tenor (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Edward M. Lawson, Canadian politician
  • 1930 – Józef Krupinski, Polish poet (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Angelo Muscat, Maltese actor (d. 1977)
  • 1930 – John W. Young, American astronaut
  • 1931 – Anthony Newley, British actor and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1931 – Mike Parkes, British Formula One driver (d. 1977)
  • 1932 – Dominique Michel, French Canadian comedian
  • 1934 – Tommy Anderson, Scottish footballer
  • 1934 – John Brunner, British author (d. 1995)
  • 1934 – Manfred Wörner, German politician and diplomat (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – Sean McCann, Canadian actor
  • 1936 – Jim Henson, American puppeteer (d. 1990)
  • 1940 – Yves Navarre, French writer (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Linda McCartney, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1941 – John Mackey, National Football League player
  • 1942 – Ilkka “Danny” Lipsanen, Finnish singer
  • 1942 – Gerry Marsden, English singer (Gerry and the Pacemakers)
  • 1944 – Diana Körner, German actress
  • 1945 – Lou Dobbs, American journalist
  • 1946 – “Mean” Joe Greene, American football player
  • 1946 – Lars Emil Johansen, Prime Minister of Greenland
  • 1947 – Erik Hivju, Norwegian actor
  • 1948 – Heinz Chur, German composer
  • 1948 – Gordon Clapp, American actor
  • 1948 – Phil Hartman, Canadian actor (d. 1998)
  • 1950 – Alan Colmes, American talk show host
  • 1950 – Kristina Wayborn, Swedish actress
  • 1951 – Douglas Kmiec, American legal scholar
  • 1952 – Mark Sandman, American musician (d. 1999)
  • 1955 – Riccardo Illy, Italian politician
  • 1956 – Hubie Brooks, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Kevin Sorbo, American actor
  • 1959 – Steve Whitmire, American voice actor
  • 1961 – Allen Bestwick, Nascar broadcaster
  • 1961 – John Logan, American screenwriter
  • 1962 – Jack Dee, British comedian
  • 1962 – Mike Phelan, English former footballer
  • 1962 – Nia Vardalos, Canadian actress
  • 1964 – Rafael Palmeiro, Cuban-born baseball player
  • 1965 – Sean McNabb, American bassist (Quiet Riot, Great White, Rough Cutt, House of Lords)
  • 1966 – Stacy Galina, American actress
  • 1966 – Bernard Gilkey, Baseball player
  • 1966 – Michael J. Varhola, American author
  • 1969 – Shawn “Clown” Crahan, American musician (Slipknot)
  • 1969 – Donald DeGrate, Jr., American music producer
  • 1969 – Goya Toledo, Spanish actress and model
  • 1969 – Megan Ward, American actress
  • 1971 – Michael S. Engel, American paleontologist & entomologist
  • 1971 – Kevin Millar, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Peter Salisbury, English drummer (The Verve)
  • 1973 – Eddie George, American football player
  • 1974 – John McDonald, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Kyle Turley, former National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1976 – Carlos Almeida, Angolan basketball player
  • 1976 – Stephanie McMahon-Levesque, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Frank Fahrenhorst, German footballer
  • 1978 – Wietse van Alten, Dutch archer
  • 1978 – Tarek Saab, American TV show contestant
  • 1979 – Justin Bruening, American actor
  • 1979 – Fábio Aurélio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979 – Katja Kassin, German pornographic actress
  • 1979 – Ross Mathews, American television personality and comedian
  • 1980 – Daniele Bennati, Italian professional road racing cyclist
  • 1980 – Dean Canto, Australian racing driver
  • 1980 – Sabrine Maui, Filipino pornstar
  • 1980 – Petri Pasanen, Finnish footballer
  • 1980 – John Arne Riise, Norwegian footballer
  • 1981 – Drew Gooden, National Basketball Association player
  • 1981 – Ryan Briscoe, Australian racing driver
  • 1982 – Morgan Hamm, American gymnast
  • 1982 – Paul Hamm, American gymnast
  • 1982 – Jeff Karstens, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Randy Foye, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Szilvia Molnar, Swedish writer
  • 1986 – Leah Dizon, model, singer and Japanese television
  • 1987 – Spencer Treat Clark, American actor
  • 1987 – Matthew Connolly, English footballer
  • 1988 – Karl Alzner, Canadian hockey player
  • 1988 – Kyle Sullivan, American actor
  • 1988 – Lisa Wang, American gymnast

September 24 – Deaths:

  • 366 – Pope Liberius
  • 768 – Pippin the Short, King of the Franks (b. 714)
  • 1054 – Hermannus Contractus, scholar (b. 1013)
  • 1118 – Robert of Knaresborough, hermit (b. 1160)
  • 1120 – Welf II, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1072)
  • 1143 – Agnes of Germany, daughter of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1072)
  • 1143 – Pope Innocent II
  • 1180 – Manuel I Comnenus, Greek Byzantine Emperor (b. 1118)
  • 1213 – Gertrude of Merania, wife of Andrew II of Hungary (murdered) (b. 1185)
  • 1275 – Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Constable of England (b. 1208)
  • 1435 – Isabeau of Bavaria, wife of Charles VI of France (bc. 1370)
  • 1494 – Poliziano, Italian humanist (b. 1454)
  • 1541 – Paracelsus, Swiss alchemist (b. 1493)
  • 1545 – Albert of Mainz, archbishop and elector of Mainz (b. 1490)
  • 1605 – Manuel Mendes, Portuguese composer (bc. 1547)
  • 1621 – Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, Polish military commander (b. 1560)
  • 1646 – Duarte Lobo, Portuguese composer (bc. 1565)
  • 1707 – Vincenzo da Filicaja, Italian poet (b. 1642)
  • 1732 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (b. 1654)
  • 1742 – Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (b. 1684)
  • 1802 – Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (b. 1749)
  • 1834 – Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (b. 1798)
  • 1896 – Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (b. 1818)
  • 1904 – Niels Ryberg Finsen, Danish physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1860)
  • 1930 – William A. MacCorkle, Governor of West Virginia (b. 1857)
  • 1933 – Mike Donlin, baseball player (b. 1878)
  • 1933 – Alice Muriel Williamson, British novelist (b. 1869)
  • 1938 – Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1939 – Carl Laemmle, German film producer (b. 1867)
  • 1945 – Hans Geiger, German physicist (b. 1882)
  • 1948 – Warren William, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1954 – Edward Pilgrim, British suicide hastened by bureaucracy (b. 1904)
  • 1962 – Charles Reisner, American silent actor and film director (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Earle Cabell, Texas politician (b. 1906)
  • 1978 – Hasso von Manteuffel, German army general and politician (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Patsy Kelly, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Sarah Churchill, British actress (b. 1914)
  • 1984 – Neil Hamilton, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1991 – Theodore Geisel, aka Dr. Seuss, American children’s writer (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Peter Bellamy, folk singer (b. 1944)
  • 1993 – Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian physicist (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Ian Stuart Donaldson, British musician (b. 1957)
  • 2002 – Youssouf Togoïmi, Chadian rebel (b. 1953)
  • 2002 – Mike Webster, National Football League player (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Rosalie Allen, American singer and disc jockey (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Lyle Bettger, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Françoise Sagan, French writer (b. 1935)
  • 2005 – Tommy Bond, American actor (b. 1926)

September 24 – Holidays:

  • Guinea-Bissau – Independence Day (declared, from Portugal, 1973).
  • New Caledonia – Territorial Day.
  • England – Our Lady of Walsingham.
  • South Africa – Heritage Day.
  • Barcelona, Spain – La Mercè the festival for Barcelona’s patron saint.
  • Trinidad and Tobago – Republic Day (1976).
  • French Republican Calendar – Châtaigne (Chestnut) Day, third day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 23

September 23 – Events:

  • 1122 – Concordat of Worms.
  • 1459 – Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire.
  • 1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins as Suleiman I begins his attack on the city.
  • 1642 – First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College.
  • 1779 – American Revolution; squadron commanded by John Paul Jones in USS Bonhomme Richard wins the Battle of Flamborough Head, off the coast of England, against two British warships.
  • 1780 – American Revolution; British Major John André arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold’s treason.
  • 1803 – Second Anglo-Maratha War: Battle of Assaye.
  • 1806 – Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis, after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
  • 1818 – Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • 1821 – Fall of Tripolitsa, Greece, masssacre of 30.000 Turks.
  • 1845 – The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York.
  • 1846 – Discovery of Neptune by French astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier and British astronomer John Couch Adams; verified by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.
  • 1848 – First commercial production of chewing gum by John Curtis on a stove at his home in Bangor, Maine in the United States and marketed as ‘The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum’.
  • 1868 – Grito de Lares (Lares Revolt) occurs in Puerto Rico against Spanish rule.
  • 1875 – William Bonney (“Billy the Kid”) is arrested for the first time.
  • 1884 – Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine.
  • 1889 – Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
  • 1905 – Norway and Sweden sign the “Karlstad treaty”, peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.
  • 1912 – First Mack Sennett “Keystone Cops” comedy is released.
  • 1922 – Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
  • 1932 – The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd is renamed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • 1941 – The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz.
  • 1942 – First day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.
  • 1952 – Richard Nixon makes his “Checkers speech.”
  • 1959 The M/S Princess of Tasmania Australia’s first passenger RO/RO diesel ferry makes maiden voyage across Bass Strait.
  • 1962 – Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City opens with the first building completed, Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall) home of the New York Philharmonic.
  • 1962 – ABC broadcasts in color for the first time, airing the initial episode of “The Jetsons.”
  • 1969 – The Chicago Eight trial opens in Chicago.
  • 1972 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos announces over television and radio the implementation of martial law and signs General Order No. 1 which orders the arrest of opposition leaders, media censorship, banning travel to other countries except for diplomatic missions, abolishing the Philippine Congress, establishing dictatorial government, take-over or sequestering of public and private corporations and suspension of classes for one week in the Philippines.
  • 1973 – Juan Perón returns to power in Argentina.
  • 1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations.
  • 1983 – Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa becomes the first African boxing world heavyweight champion.
  • 1988 – José Canseco of the Oakland Athletics becomes the first member of the 40-40 club.
  • 1999 – NASA announces it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.
  • 2004 – At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne

September 23 – Birthdays:

  • 480 BC – Euripides, Greek playwright (d. 406 BC)
  • 63 BC – Augustus Caesar, Roman Emperor (d. 14)
  • 1158 – Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1186)
  • 1161 – Emperor Takakura of Japan (d. 1181)
  • 1215 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire (d. 1294)
  • 1434 – Yolande of Valois, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1478)
  • 1598 – Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1655)
  • 1647 – Joseph Dudley, American statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1650 – Jeremy Collier, English bishop (d. 1726)
  • 1713 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain (d. 1759)
  • 1740 – Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1813)
  • 1759 – Clothilde of France, queen of piedmont-Sardinia (d. 1802)
  • 1771 – Emperor Kokaku of Japan (d. 1840)
  • 1781 – Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (d. 1860)
  • 1791 – Johann Franz Encke, German astronomer (d. 1865)
  • 1819 – Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1838 – Victoria Woodhull, American suffragist (d. 1927)
  • 1852 – William Stewart Halsted, American surgeon (d. 1922)
  • 1861 – Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • 1863 – Mary Eliza Church Terrell, American writer (d. 1954)
  • 1864 – Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • 1865 – Emmuska Orczy, British novelist (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Mary Mallon, also known as Typhoid Mary, first carrier of typhoid
  • 1880 – John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel Laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Walter Lippmann, American journalist (d. 1974)
  • 1890 – Friedrich Paulus, German general (d. 1957)
  • 1895 – Johnny Mokan, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • 1897 – Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Tom C. Clark, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Louise Nevelson, American sculptor (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Dominique Aury, French novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, heir to the throne of Portugal (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Frank Moss, United States Senator from Utah (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist (d. 2005)
  • 1912 – Tony Smith, American sculptor (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
  • 1915 – Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Aldo Moro, Italian politician (d. 1978)
  • 1920 – Mickey Rooney, American actor
  • 1924 – Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan newspaper editor (d. 1978)
  • 1925 – Denis Twitchett, Cambridge scholar, and Chinese historian (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Eleonora Rossi Drago, Italian actress
  • 1926 – John Coltrane, American saxophonist (d. 1967)
  • 1929 – Wally Whyton, English musician (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Ray Charles, American musician (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Colin Blakely, British actor (d. 1987)
  • 1931 – Gerald Stairs Merrithew, Canadian educator (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan
  • 1936 – Valentín Paniagua, Peruvian politician
  • 1938 – Tom Lester, American actor
  • 1938 – Romy Schneider, Austrian actress (d. 1982)
  • 1939 – Henry Blofeld, English cricket commentator
  • 1939 – Roy Buchanan, American guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1939 – Janusz Gajos, Polish actor
  • 1939 – Sonny Vaccaro, American former sports executive
  • 1941 – Simon Nolet, French-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1941 – George Jackson, American civil-rights activist
  • 1942 – Sila María Calderón, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1943 – Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer
  • 1943 – Marty Schottenheimer, American football coach
  • 1944 – Eric Bogle, Scottish-born Australian singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Paul Petersen, American actor
  • 1945 – Igor Ivanov, Russian politician
  • 1946 – Franz Fischler, Austrian politician
  • 1947 – Mary Kay Place, American actress
  • 1947 – Jerry Corbetta, American singer and musician (Sugarloaf)
  • 1947 – Neal Smith, American musician (Alice Cooper)
  • 1949 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Charlie Barnett, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Paolo Rossi, Italian footballer
  • 1956 – Peter David, American writer
  • 1957 – Rosalind Chao, American actress
  • 1957 – Tony Fossas, Cuban baseball player
  • 1958 – Danielle Dax, British musician
  • 1958 – Lita Ford, English-born singer (The Runaways)
  • 1958 – Marvin Lewis, American football coach
  • 1958 – Larry Mize, American golfer
  • 1959 – Jason Alexander, American actor
  • 1959 – Martin Page, English singer and songwriter
  • 1959 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress
  • 1960 – Jason Carter, British actor
  • 1961 – Chi McBride, American actor
  • 1961 – Willie McCool, American astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1964 – Clayton Blackmore, Welsh footballer
  • 1964 – Koshi Inaba, Japanese singer (B’z)
  • 1966 – Pete Harnisch, Former American Baseball player
  • 1966 – LisaRaye, American actress
  • 1968 – Yvette Fielding, English television presenter
  • 1969 – Michelle Thomas, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1969 – Patrick Fiori, French singer
  • 1969 – Tapio Laukkanen, Finnish rally driver
  • 1969 – Donald Audette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Ani DiFranco, American musician
  • 1970 – Georgios Koltsidas, Greek footballer
  • 1971 – Eric Montross, Former American Basketball Player
  • 1972 – Jermaine Dupri, American music producer and rapper
  • 1972 – Karl Pilkington, British radio personality
  • 1973 – Ingrid Fliter, Argentinian pianist
  • 1974 – Matt Hardy, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Harumi Inoue, Japanese actress and model
  • 1975 – Jaime Bergman, American model and actress
  • 1975 – Layzie Bone, American rapper (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)
  • 1975 – Chris Hawkins, British radio personality
  • 1976 – Faune A. Chambers, American actress
  • 1976 – Kip Pardue, American actor and model
  • 1977 – Rachael Yamagata, American singer and songwriter
  • 1977 – Matthieu Descoteaux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Worm Miller, American filmmaker
  • 1978 – Keri Lynn Pratt, American actress
  • 1979 – Ricky Davis, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Cameron Litvack, American television producer
  • 1981 – Robert Doornbos, Dutch race car driver
  • 1981 – Natalie Horler, German singer (Cascada)
  • 1981 – Misti Traya, American actress
  • 1984 – Anneliese van der Pol, American actress
  • 1984 – Louie Stephens, American musician (Rooney)
  • 1984 – Matt Kemp, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Maki Goto, Japanese pop singer
  • 1985 – Brian Brohm, American football player
  • 1985 – Lukáš Kašpar, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Hossein Ka’abi, Iranian footballer
  • 1985 – Joba Chamberlain, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Martin Cranie, English footballer
  • 1993 – Zach Tyler Eisen, American actor

September 23 – Deaths:

  • 79 – Pope Linus
  • 1241 – Snorri Sturluson, Icelandic historian, poet, and politician (b. 1178)
  • 1390 – John I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1346)
  • 1535 – Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1513)
  • 1571 – John Jewel, English bishop (b. 1522)
  • 1573 – Azai Hisamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1524)
  • 1605 – Pontus de Tyard, French poet
  • 1675 – Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie Française (b. 1603)
  • 1728 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist (b. 1655)
  • 1738 – Herman Boerhaave, Dutch humanist and physician (b. 1668)
  • 1764 – Robert Dodsley, English writer (b. 1703)
  • 1773 – Johann Ernst Gunnerus, Norwegian bishop and botanist (b. 1718)
  • 1789 – John Rogers, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1835 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (b. 1801)
  • 1844 – Alexander von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1783)
  • 1846 – John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
  • 1850 – José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan hero (b. 1764)
  • 1870 – Prosper Mérimée, French author (b. 1803)
  • 1871 – Louis-Joseph Papineau, French Canadian politician (b. 1786)
  • 1873 – Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (b. 1823)
  • 1877 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (b. 1811)
  • 1889 – Wilkie Collins, British author (b. 1824)
  • 1900 – William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • 1917 – Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1929 – Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Austrian-born chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1939 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist (b. 1856)
  • 1943 – Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)
  • 1944 – Jakob Schaffner, Swiss novelist (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Sam Barry, American basketball player and coach (b. 1892)
  • 1968 – Francesco Forgione, “Padre Pio”, Catholic saint (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Bourvil, French actor and singer (b. 1917)
  • 1971 – J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 1971 – Billy Gilbert, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1973 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1974 – Cliff Arquette, American comedian and actor (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Lyman Bostock, American baseball player (murdered) (b. 1950)
  • 1981 – Chief Dan George, Canadian actor (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Bob Fosse, American dancer, choreographer, and actor (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – James Van Fleet, U.S. Army general (b. 1892)
  • 1994 – Jerry Barber, American golfer (b. 1916)
  • 1994 – Robert Bloch, American author (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Madeleine Renaud, French theater and film actress (b. 1900)
  • 1996 – Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoonist (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Mary Frann, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 2000 – Aurelio Rodríguez, Mexican Major League Baseball player (b. 1947)
  • 2000 – Carl Rowan, American journalist (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Ron Hewitt, Welsh footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan broadcaster (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly musician (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – Yuri Senkevich, Russian TV anchorman (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – André Hazes, Dutch singer (b. 1951)
  • 2004 – Billy Reay, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Filiberto Ojeda, Puerto Rican revolutionary (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Roger Brierley, English actor (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Sir Malcolm Arnold, English composer and professional trumpeter (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Etta Baker, American blues guitarist (b.1913)

September 23 – Holidays:

  • Astrology: Usually the first day of sun sign Libra in the tropical zodiac.
  • In ancient Latvia, the second day of Mikeli.
  • Traditional New Year’s Day in Constantinople and Eastern Orthodox Churches — because of the birthday of Augustus, not because of the equinox.
  • Saudi Arabia – National Day (unification 1932).
  • French Republican Calendar – Safran (Saffron) Day, second day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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