On This Day in History October 3

October 3 – Events:

  • 2333 BC – The state of Gojoseon (Modern-day Korea) founded by Dangun Wanggeom during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Yao.
  • 42 BC – First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius.
  • 1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered.
  • 1574 – The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen.
  • 1683 – The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor.
  • 1739 – The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736-1739.
  • 1778 – British Captain James Cook anchors in Alaska.
  • 1795 – General Napoleon Bonaparte first rises to national prominence being named to defend the French National Convention against armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the three year old revolutionary government.
  • 1849 – American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.
  • 1863 – Thanksgiving Day declared as the fourth Thursday in November by President Abraham Lincoln.
  • 1873 – Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.
  • 1908 – The Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna.
  • 1918 – King Boris III of Bulgaria takes the throne.
  • 1929 – The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia, “Land of the South Slavs”.
  • 1932 – Iraq gains independence from Britain.
  • 1935 – Italy invades Ethiopia under General de Bono.
  • 1942 – Spaceflight: First successful launch of a V-2 /A4-rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany: the first man-made object to reach space.
  • 1952 – United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon.
  • 1955 – The Mickey Mouse Club debuts on ABC.
  • 1957 – Allen Ginsberg’s Howl and Other Poems is ruled not obscene.
  • 1962 – Project Mercury: Sigma 7 launched from Cape Canaveral, with Astronaut Wally Schirra aboard for a six-orbit, nine-hour flight.
  • 1964 – First Buffalo Wings were made at the Anchor Bar in Buffalo, New York.
  • 1981 – The Hunger Strike by Provisional Irish Republican Army and Irish National Liberation Army prisoners at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland ends after seven months and ten deaths.
  • 1981 – The Communist Party of Namibia is founded at a conference in Angola.
  • 1985 – Space Shuttle Atlantis flies its maiden voyage. (STS-51-J)
  • 1990 – Re-unification of Germany. The German Democratic Republic ceased to exist and its territory became part of the Federal Republic of Germany. East German citizens became part of the European Community, which later became the European Union. Now celebrated as German Unity Day.
  • 1993 – Battle of Mogadishu: In an attempt to capture officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid’s organization in Mogadishu, Somalia, 18 US Soldiers and about 1,000 Somalis are killed in heavy fighting.
  • 1995 – O.J. Simpson found not guilty of the murders of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend Ronald Goldman.
  • 2003 – Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy is attacked by one of the shows tigers, canceling the show for good.

October 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1716 – Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist (d. 1781)
  • 1720 – Johann Peter Uz, German poet (d. 1796)
  • 1790 – John Ross, Chief of the Cherokee Nation (d. 1866)
  • 1792 – Francisco Morazán, Central American statesman
  • 1797 – Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1870)
  • 1800 – George Bancroft, American historian and Secretary of the Navy (d. 1891)
  • 1802 – John Gorrie, American scientist (d. 1855)
  • 1804 – Townsend Harris, 1st U.S. Consul to Japan (d. 1878)
  • 1804 – Allan Kardec, French founder of Spiritism (d. 1869)
  • 1806 – Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (d. 1850)
  • 1828 – Woldemar Bargiel, German composer (d. 1897)
  • 1858 – Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (d. 1924)
  • 1862 – Johnny Briggs, English cricketer (d. 1902)
  • 1863 – Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov, Russian explorer (d. 1935)
  • 1869 – Alfred Flatow, German Olympic champion gymnast (d. 1942)
  • 1880 – Warner Oland, Swedish-born actor (d. 1938)
  • 1882 – A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (d. 1974)
  • 1885 – Langley Collyer, hoarder (d. 1947)
  • 1885 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970)
  • 1886 – Alain-Fournier, French novelist (d. 1914)
  • 1889 – Carl von Ossietzky, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1938)
  • 1894 – Elmer Robinson, American politician (d. 1982)
  • 1894 – Walter Warlimont, German General WWII (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – Giovanni Comisso, Italian writer (d. 1969)
  • 1895 – Sergei Aleksandrovich Yesenin, Russian lyrical poet (d. 1925)
  • 1896 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (d. 1987)
  • 1897 – Louis Aragon, French writer (d. 1982)
  • 1898 – Leo McCarey, American film director (d. 1969)
  • 1899 – Gertrude Berg, American actress (d. 1966)
  • 1900 – Thomas Wolfe, American author (d. 1938)
  • 1901 – Jean Grémillon, French film director (d. 1959)
  • 1904 – Charles J. Pedersen, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989)
  • 1904 – Ernst Gunther Schenck, German doctor who joined the Sturmabteilung in 1933 (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – Michael Hordern, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Ray Stark, American film producer (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – James Herriot, English veterinarian and author (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Shelby Storck, American television producer (d. 1969)
  • 1919 – James M. Buchanan, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1922 – Jean Lefebvre, French actor (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Arkady Vorobyov, Russian weightlifter
  • 1924 – Harvey Kurtzman, U.S. cartoonist and founding editor of Mad magazine (d. 1993)
  • 1925 – Gore Vidal, American author
  • 1928 – Erik Bruhn, Danish dancer and choreographer (d. 1986)
  • 1928 – Alvin Toffler, American writer and futurist
  • 1929 – Bert Stern, American photographer
  • 1931 – Glenn Hall, National Hockey League goaltender
  • 1933 – Neale Fraser, Australian tennis player
  • 1935 – Charles Duke, American astronaut
  • 1936 – Steve Reich, American composer
  • 1938 – Eddie Cochran, American singer (d. 1960)
  • 1938 – Tereza Kesovija, Croatian singer
  • 1940 – Alan O’Day, American singer and songwriter
  • 1940 – Sheila Fearn, English actress
  • 1940 – Jean Ratelle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1941 – Chubby Checker, American musician
  • 1942 – Alan Rachins, American actor
  • 1943 – Jeff Bingaman, Democratic U.S. Senator from New Mexico
  • 1944 – Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician
  • 1944 – Roy Horn, Magician
  • 1945 – Kay Baxter, American bodybuilder (d. 1988)
  • 1946 – Biff Henderson, American television personality
  • 1947 – John Perry Barlow, American musician
  • 1948 – Michael Medved, American film critic
  • 1949 – Lindsey Buckingham, American musician (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1949 – J. P. Dutta, Indian Bollywood film director
  • 1950 – Pamela Hensley, American actress
  • 1951 – Bernard Cooper, American writer
  • 1951 – Keb’ Mo’, American singer
  • 1951 – Dave Winfield, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Dennis Eckersley, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Al Sharpton, American minister and activist
  • 1954 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American musician (d. 1990)
  • 1956 – Hart Bochner, Canadian film actor/director
  • 1957 – Tim Westwood, Pimp My Ride UK presenter and DJ
  • 1959 – Fred Couples, American golfer
  • 1959 – Greg Proops, American actor and comedian
  • 1959 – Jack Wagner, American actor
  • 1962 – Tommy Lee, American musician (Mötley Crüe)
  • 1963 – Marion Peck, American artist and painter
  • 1964 – Clive Owen, British actor
  • 1965 – Jan-Ove Waldner, Swedish table tennis player
  • 1966 – Darrin Fletcher, Major League Baseball player
  • 1966 – Frank Hannon American guitarist Tesla (band)
  • 1967 – Rob Liefeld, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1968 – Paul Crichton, English footballer
  • 1968 – Greg Foster, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Gwen Stefani, American singer (No Doubt)
  • 1969 – Tetsu, Japanese bassist (L’Arc~en~Ciel)
  • 1971 – Wil Cordero, baseball player
  • 1971 – Kevin Richardson, American singer (Backstreet Boys)
  • 1972 – Garrett Dutton, American musician (G. Love and Special Sauce)
  • 1972 – Black Thought, American rapper (The Roots)
  • 1973 – Keiko Agena, Japanese-American actress
  • 1973 – Neve Campbell, Canadian actress
  • 1973 – Angélica Gavaldón, Mexican tennis player
  • 1973 – Lena Headey, British actress
  • 1974 – Marianne Timmer, Dutch speed skater
  • 1974 – Mike Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – India.Arie, American singer
  • 1975 – Talib Kweli, American rapper
  • 1975 – Alanna Ubach,American actress
  • 1976 – Seann William Scott, American actor
  • 1978 – Jake Shears, singer (Scissor Sisters)
  • 1978 – Gerald Asamoah, German footballer
  • 1978 – Claudio Pizarro, Peruvian footballer
  • 1978 – Shannyn Sossamon, American actress
  • 1979 – John Hennigan, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Daniel Hollie, American professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Danny Coid, English Footballer
  • 1981 – Andreas Isaksson, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Matt Murton, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Amanda Walsh, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Erik von Detten, American actor
  • 1983 – Fred, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Hiroki Suzuki, Japanese actor
  • 1984 – Yoon Eun Hye, South Korean actress
  • 1984 – Ashlee Simpson, American singer
  • 1987 – Zuleyka Rivera, Puerto Rican Miss Universe
  • 1988 – Tadhg Kelly, American actor
  • 1990 – Rhian Denise Ramos, Filipino actress

October 3 – Deaths:

  • 42 BC – Gaius Cassius Longinus
  • 1226 – Saint Francis of Assisi (b. 1181)
  • 1283 – David ap Gruffydd, Welsh prince of Gwynedd (executed)
  • 1369 – Margarete Maultasch, Countess of Tyrol (b. 1318)
  • 1568 – Elizabeth of Valois, wife of Philip II of Spain (b. 1545)
  • 1596 – Florent Chrestien, French writer (b. 1541)
  • 1611 – Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (b. 1554)
  • 1629 – Giorgi Saakadze, Georgian military leader (b. 1570)
  • 1649 – Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman (b. 1576)
  • 1653 – Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch scholar (b. 1612)
  • 1656 – Myles Standish, English-born soldier
  • 1690 – Robert Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1648)
  • 1701 – Joseph Williamson, English politician (b. 1633)
  • 1801 – Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, Marshal of France (b. 1724)
  • 1833 – François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general (b. 1754)
  • 1838 – Black Hawk (chief), Leader of the Sauk Native American tribe (b. 1767)
  • 1867 – Elias Howe, American sewing machine pioneer (b. 1819)
  • 1873 – Captain Jack, Modoc tribal leader
  • 1877 – James Roosevelt Bayley, first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and the eighth Archbishop of Baltimore (b. 1814)
  • 1881 – Orson Pratt, American religious leader (b. 1811)
  • 1890 – Joseph Hergenröther, German historian (b. 1824)
  • 1891 – Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (b. 1842)
  • 1929 – Jeanne Eagels, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1929 – Gustav Stresemann, Chancellor of Germany, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1878)
  • 1931 – Carl Nielsen, Danish composer (b. 1865)
  • 1936 – John Heisman, American football coach (b. 1869)
  • 1953 – Arnold Bax, English composer (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Zachary Scott, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1967 – Woody Guthrie, American musician (b. 1912)
  • 1967 – Malcolm Sargent, English conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1969 – Skip James, American blues musician (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Vince DiMaggio, American Baseball Player (b. 1912)
  • 1987 – Jean Anouilh, French writer (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Kalervo Palsa, Finnish artist (b. 1947)
  • 1988 – Franz Josef Strauß, Bavarian politician (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Stefano Casiraghi, husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco (b. 1960)
  • 1993 – Sgt. First Class Randy Shughart, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1958)
  • 1993 – Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1960)
  • 1994 – Dub Taylor, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Roddy McDowall, English actor (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Akio Morita, Japanese businessman (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Benjamin Orr, American bassist and singer (The Cars) (b. 1947)
  • 2000 – John Grant, British politician (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Bruce Paltrow, American television and film producer (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Robert Krausz, Stock market advisor and investor (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Florence Stanley, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – William Steig, American cartoonist and children’s author (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – John Cerutti, baseball player and announcer (b. 1960)
  • 2004 – Janet Leigh, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Ronnie Barker, English comic actor (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Alberto Ramento, Filipina bishop (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – John Crank, British mathematician (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Peter Norman, Australian track star (b. 1942)

October 3 – Holidays:

  • Germany – Day of German Unity
  • Leiden – Siege of Leiden
  • South Korea – National Foundation Day
  • French Republican Calendar – Immortelle (Strawflower) Day, twelfth day in the Month of Vendémiaire

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On This Day in History October 2

October 2 – Events:

  • 1187 – Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
  • 1263 – The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.
  • 1535 – Jacques Cartier discovers Montreal, Quebec.
  • 1552 – Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.
  • 1780 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, is hanged as a spy by American forces.
  • 1789 – George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.
  • 1835 – The Texas Revolution begins with the Battle of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
  • 1851 – The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Saltville – Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia, but are defeated by Confederate troops.
  • 1889 – In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
  • 1919 – US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.
  • 1924 – The Geneva Protocol is adopted as a means to strengthen the League of Nations.
  • 1925 – John Logie Baird performers first test of the working television system.
  • 1928 – The “Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God”, commonly known as Opus Dei, was founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá.
  • 1935 – Italy invades Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
  • 1937 – Samuel R. Caldwell becomes the first person in the United States to be arrested on a marijuana charge.
  • 1938 – Tiberias massacre: Arabs murder 20 Jews.
  • 1941 – World War II: In Operation Typhoon, Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow.
  • 1944 – World War II: Nazi troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
  • 1950 – Peanuts comic strip by Charles M. Schulz first published
  • 1958 – Guinea declares itself independent from France.
  • 1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of United States Supreme Court.
  • 1968 – A peaceful student demonstration in Mexico City ends in the Tlatelolco massacre.
  • 1970 – A plane carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado killing 31 people.
  • 1990 – A Chinese airline Boeing 737-247 is hijacked; after landing at Guangzhou, it crashes into two airliners on the ground, killing 132 people.
  • 1992 – The Carandiru Massacre takes place after a riot in the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil.
  • 1996 – The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by former U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 1996 – An AeroPerú Boeing 757 crashes in Pacific Ocean shortly after takeoff from Lima, Peru, killing 70.
  • 2002 – The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks.
  • 2004 – American Samoa joins the North American Numbering Plan.
  • 2005 – Ethan Allen Boating Accident: The Ethan Allen tour boat capsizes on Lake George in Upstate New York, killing twenty people.
  • 2005 – NFL plays first regular season game outside United States when the Arizona Cardinals defeat the San Francisco 49ers 31-14 in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 2006 – Five school girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania before Roberts commits suicide.
  • 2007 – President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.

October 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1452 – King Richard III of England (d. 1485)
  • 1470 – Isabella of Naples, Duchess of Milan (d. 1524)
  • 1538 – Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal (d. 1584)
  • 1644 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (d. 1724)
  • 1722 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (d. 1776)
  • 1737 – Francis Hopkinson, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence (d. 1791)
  • 1768 – William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (d. 1854)
  • 1798 – King Charles Albert of Sardinia (d. 1849)
  • 1800 – Nat Turner, American leader of slave uprising (d. 1831)
  • 1828 – Charles Floquet, French statesman (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist (d. 1917)
  • 1833 – Rev. William Corby, American Catholic priest (d. 1897)
  • 1847 – Paul von Hindenburg, German officer and politician (d. 1934)
  • 1851 – Ferdinand Foch, French soldier (d. 1929)
  • 1852 – William Ramsay, Scottish chemist (d. 1916)
  • 1869 – Mohandas Gandhi, Indian politician and spiritual leader (Father of the India) . (d. 1948)
  • 1871 – Cordell Hull, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1955)
  • 1873 – Stephen Warfield Gambrill, U.S. Congressman for Maryland’s 5th District (d. 1924)
  • 1873 – Plum Warner, English cricketer (d. 1963)
  • 1879 – Wallace Stevens, American poet (d. 1955)
  • 1882 – Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander (d. 1945)
  • 1890 – Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Bud Abbott, American comedian and actor (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Liaqat Ali Khan, Pakistan’s first Prime Minister (d. 1951)
  • 1901 – Alice Prin, French singer and artist (d. 1953)
  • 1902 – Leopold Figl, Austrian politician (d. 1965)
  • 1904 – Graham Greene, British novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, Prime Minister of India (d.1966)
  • 1907 – Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Scottish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1911 – Jack Finney, American author (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Karl Miller, German footballer (d. 1967)
  • 1914 – Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist (d. 1952)
  • 1914 – Bernarr Rainbow, historian of music education, organist, and choir master (d.1998)
  • 1917 – Christian de Duve, English-born biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1917 – Charles Drake, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Albert Scott Crossfield, American test pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Jan Morris, English writer
  • 1928 – George “Spanky” McFarland, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Wolfhart Pannenberg, German theologian
  • 1929 – Moses Gunn, African-American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Dave Barrett, Premier of British Columbia
  • 1932 – Maury Wills, American baseball player
  • 1933 – Phill Niblock, American composer, filmmaker and videographer
  • 1934 – Earl Wilson, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Omar Sivori, Argentine football player (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Dick Barnett, American basketball player
  • 1937 – Johnnie L. Cochran Jr., American attorney (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Rex Reed, American movie critic and actor
  • 1938 – Waheed Murad, Pakistani film actor and director (d. 1983)
  • 1940 – Gheorghe Gruia, Romanian handball player
  • 1943 – Franklin Rosemont, American artist
  • 1945 – Don McLean, American songwriter
  • 1946 – Gen.Sonthi Boonyaratglin, President of Council for National Security and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army
  • 1948 – Avery Brooks, American actor
  • 1948 – Trevor Brooking, English footballer
  • 1948 – Donna Karan, American fashion designer
  • 1948 – Chris LeDoux, American musician and rodeo performer (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Richard Hell, American musician
  • 1949 – Annie Leibovitz, American photographer
  • 1950 – Persis Khambatta, Indian actress (d. 1998)
  • 1950 – Ian McNeice, English actor
  • 1950 – Mike Rutherford, English musician (Genesis)
  • 1951 – Sting, English musician and actor
  • 1951 – Romina Power, Italian singer
  • 1952 – Wahed Wafa, Afghan singer
  • 1954 – Lorraine Bracco, American actress
  • 1955 – Phil Oakey, English singer (The Human League)
  • 1957 – Wade Dooley, English rugby union player
  • 1960 – Al Connelly, Canadian Musician/Songwriter
  • 1960 – Glenn Anderson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Robbie Nevil, American singer and songwriter
  • 1962 – Sigtryggur Baldursson, Icelandic drummer (The Sugarcubes)
  • 1962 – Aziz M. Osman, Malaysian actor and director
  • 1964 – Dirk Brinkmann, German field hockey player
  • 1966 – Rodney Anoa’i (Yokozuna), Samoan-American professional wrestler (d. 2000)
  • 1967 – Frankie Fredericks, Namibian athlete
  • 1967 – Bud Gaugh, American musician (Sublime)
  • 1967 – Gillian Welch, American singer and songwriter
  • 1968 – Victoria Derbyshire, British radio presenter
  • 1968 – Jeff Martin, Canadian singer/songwriter
  • 1968 – Jana Novotná, Czech tennis player
  • 1968 – Glen Wesley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Mitch English, American actor
  • 1969 – Damon Gough, English singer
  • 1970 – Eddie Guardado, American baseball relief pitcher
  • 1970 – Kelly Ripa, American actress
  • 1970 – Colin Rivas, Galician artist
  • 1970 – Maribel Verdú, Spanish actress
  • 1971 – James Root, American guitarist (Slipknot)
  • 1971 – Tiffany, American singer
  • 1972 – Tara Dawn Holland, Miss America 1997
  • 1972 – Aaron Mckie, a professional basketball player who plays for the Memphis Grizzlies.
  • 1973 – Lene, Norwegian singer (Aqua)
  • 1973 – Efren Ramirez, American actor
  • 1973 – Scott Schoeneweis, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Verka Serduchka, Ukrainian entertainer
  • 1973 – Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician
  • 1973 – Proof, American rapper (D12) (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Simon Gregson, British actor
  • 1974 – Michelle Krusiec, American actress
  • 1974 – Mark Porter, New Zealand racing driver (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Sam Roberts, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1974 – Paul Teutul Jr., co-star of American Chopper
  • 1976 – Jason Dodson, American political consultant and teacher of esotericism
  • 1976 – Mandisa, American singer
  • 1978 – Ayumi Hamasaki, Japanese singer
  • 1979 – Primož Brezec, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1979 – Francisco Fonseca, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Maja Ivarsson, lead singer, The Sounds
  • 1980 – Shane Andrus, National Football League kicker
  • 1981 – Luke Wilkshire, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Toro, Taiwanese singer
  • 1982 – George Pettit, Canadian singer (Alexisonfire)
  • 1985 – Craig Davis, Wide Receiver for the San Diego Chargers
  • 1986 – Camilla Belle, American actress
  • 1987 – Phil Kessel, American ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Dean Bouzanis, Australian soccer player
  • 1993 – Tara Lynne Barr, American actress

October 2 – Deaths:

  • 939 – Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine
  • 1559 – Jacquet of Mantua, French composer (b. 1483)
  • 1626 – Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (b. 1567)
  • 1629 – Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1575)
  • 1629 – Antonio Cifra, Italian composer (b. 1584)
  • 1708 – Anne-Jules, 2nd duc de Noailles, French general (b. 1650)
  • 1724 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (b. 1644)
  • 1746 – Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
  • 1764 – William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1775 – Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet (b. 1703)
  • 1780 – John André, British Army officer (executed) (b. 1750)
  • 1782 – Charles Lee, British and U.S. general (b. 1732)
  • 1786 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral (b. 1725)
  • 1803 – Samuel Adams, American revolutionary leader (b. 1722)
  • 1804 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer (b. 1725)
  • 1817 – Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov, Russian naval commander and admiral (b. 1744)
  • 1850 – Sarah Biffen, English painter (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – François Jean Dominique Arago, French mathematician (b. 1786)
  • 1927 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1938 – Alexandru Averescu, Romanian soldier and politician (b. 1859)
  • 1947 – Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1962 – Boris Y. Bukreev, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)
  • 1968 – Marcel Duchamp, French artist (b. 1887)
  • 1971 – Bola de Nieve, Cuban singer, pianist, and songwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1973 – Paul Hartman, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner (b. 1897)
  • 1974 – Vasily Shukshin, Russian writer, actor, screenwriter, and director (b. 1929)
  • 1975 – Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian political leader, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Harry Golden, American journalist (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Hazel Scott, West Indian-born singer (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Rock Hudson, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1987 – Peter Medawar, Brazilian-born scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1915)
  • 1987 – Madeleine Carroll, British-born actress (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer, developer of the Mini (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Harriet Hilliard Nelson, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Robert Bourassa, politician, premier of Quebec (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Gene Autry, American singer, actor, and entrepreneur (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Olivier Gendebien, Belgian racing driver (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Heinz G. Konsalik, German novelist (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Franz Biebl, German composer (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-born physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – John T. Dunlop, U.S. Secretary of Labor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Bert Eriksson, Belgian neo-Nazi (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – August Wilson, American playwright (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Helen Chenoweth-Hage, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Tamara Dobson, American actress (b. 1947)
  • 2006 – Paul Halmos, Hungarian-born American mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Dan Keating, Irish politician (b. 1902)
  • 2007 – Tex Coulter, American football player (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Christopher Derrick, British writer (b. 1921)

October 2 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – First day of the Ludi Augustales to celebrate the recovery by emperor August of Roman standards from the Parthians
  • Guinea – Independence Day (from France, 1958)
  • India – Gandhi Jayanti (birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, 1869)
  • French Republican Calendar – Pomme de terre (Potato) Day, eleventh day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • International Day of Non-Violence to commomerate birthday of Mahatma Gandhi

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On This Day in History October 1

October 1 – Events:

  • 331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
  • 911 – During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
  • 959 – Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
  • 1189 – Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.
  • 1787 – Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1788 – Nguyen Hue declares himself emperor of Vietnam.
  • 1791 – First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
  • 1795 – Belgium is conquered by France.
  • 1800 – Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
  • 1811 – The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orléans, Louisiana.
  • 1814 – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
  • 1827 – The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
  • 1829 – South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
  • 1843 – News of the World began publication in London.
  • 1847 – German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
  • 1854 – The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company.
  • 1869 – Austria issues the world’s first postcards.
  • 1880 – John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Corps Band.
  • 1880 – First electric lamp factory opened by Thomas Edison.
  • 1885 – United States begins special-delivery mail service.
  • 1886 – The U.S. mint in Carson City, Nevada, closes.
  • 1887 – Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
  • 1890 – The Yosemite National Park and the Yellowstone National Park are established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1891 – In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
  • 1894 – First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
  • 1898 – Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
  • 1898 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name u.k. Exportakademie.
  • 1903 – Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
  • 1905 – František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janácek to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
  • 1908 – Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.
  • 1910 – A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, California, killing 21.
  • 1918 – World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a “Lawrence of Arabia”) capture Damascus.
  • 1920 – Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • 1926 – An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
  • 1926 – Arirang premiers in Seoul.
  • 1928 – The Soviet Union introduces its First Five-Year Plan.
  • 1931 – The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
  • 1931 – The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
  • 1936 – Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
  • 1938 – Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
  • 1939 – After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
  • 1940 – The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
  • 1942 – First flight of the Bell XP-59 “Aircomet.”
  • 1943 – World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.
  • 1946 – Nazi leaders sentenced at Nuremberg Trials.
  • 1946 – Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom.
  • 1947 – The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1949 – The People’s Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong.
  • 1957 – First appearance of “In God We Trust” on U.S. paper currency.
  • 1958 – NASA created to replace NACA.
  • 1960 – Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1961 – East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon.
  • 1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California,
  • 1964 – Japanese Shinkansen (“bullet trains”) begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
  • 1965 – Apostasia of 1965, a political move in Greece designed to overthrow the Prime Minister, George Papandreou.
  • 1965 – General Suharto crushes an attempted coup in Indonesia.
  • 1966 – West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatal injuries and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
  • 1968 – The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
  • 1969 – The Concorde supersonic transport plane breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
  • 1971 – Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 1975 – The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
  • 1975 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
  • 1978 – Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1978 – The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
  • 1979 – The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama canal to Panama.
  • 1982 – Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a Constructive Vote of No Confidence.
  • 1982 – EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 1982 – Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).
  • 1985 – The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters in Tunis.
  • 1987 – The Whittier Narrows earthquake shook the San Gabriel Valley, registering as a magnitude 5.9.
  • 1989 – Denmark: World’s first legal modern same-sex civil union called “registered partnership”
  • 1991 – New Zealand’s Resource Management Act 1991 commences.
  • 1994 – Palau gains independence from the United Nations trusteeship administered by the United States of America.
  • 1998 – Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
  • 2004 – Baseball: Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki gets his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler’s 84-year-old single-season record.
  • 2005 – Bombing kills 23 people in Bali.
  • 2006 – Age discrimination in employment is made illegal in the United Kingdom.

October 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1207 – King Henry III of England (d. 1272)
  • 1507 – Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (d. 1573)
  • 1540 – Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1617)
  • 1577 – Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (d. 1622)
  • 1620 – Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (d. 1683)
  • 1644 – Alessandro Stradella, Italian composer (d. 1682)
  • 1671 – Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (d. 1742)
  • 1685 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1740)
  • 1691 – Arthur Onslow, English politician (d. 1768)
  • 1730 – Richard Stockton, American attorney, signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1781)
  • 1760 – William Thomas Beckford, English writer and politician (d. 1844)
  • 1771 – Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (d. 1842)
  • 1791 – Sergei Aksakov, Russian writer (d. 1859)
  • 1800 – Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish-born botanist and founder of Laestadianism (d. 1861)
  • 1835 – Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – Charles Cros, French poet and inventor (d. 1888)
  • 1865 – Paul Dukas, French composer (d. 1935)
  • 1881 – William Boeing, American engineer (d. 1956)
  • 1885 – Louis Untermeyer, American author (d. 1977)
  • 1878 – Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher and economist (d. 1950)
  • 1890 – Stanley Holloway, British actor (d. 1982)
  • 1893 – Cliff Friend, American songwriter (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1951)
  • 1896 – Ted Healy, American actor and comedian (d. 1937)
  • 1899 – Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
  • 1900 – Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Vladimir Horowitz, Ukrainian-American pianist (d. 1989)
  • 1904 – Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-born physicist (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Maurice Bardèche, French fascist, (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Sam Yorty, Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (d. 1934)
  • 1914 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – James Whitmore, American actor
  • 1924 – Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1924 – William Rehnquist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Roger Williams, American pianist
  • 1927 – Tom Bosley, American actor
  • 1927 – Sandy Gall, Malaysian-born British journalist and newscaster
  • 1928 – Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-born actor (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – George Peppard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (d. 1969)
  • 1930 – Frank Gardner, Australian racing driver
  • 1930 – Sir Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
  • 1930 – Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Sylvano Bussotti, Italian composer
  • 1932 – Albert Collins, American guitarist (d. 1993)
  • 1935 – Julie Andrews, British actress and singer
  • 1936 – Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1936 – Stella Stevens, American actress
  • 1939 – George Archer, American golfer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Geoffrey Whitehead, English actor
  • 1942 – Jean-Pierre Jabouille, French race car driver
  • 1943 – Jean-Jacques Annaud, French film director
  • 1943 – Angèle Arsenault, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1943 – Jerry Martini, American saxophonist (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1945 – Rod Carew, Panamanian-born baseball player
  • 1945 – Donny Hathaway, American soul musician and composer (d. 1979)
  • 1945 – Ellen McIlwaine, American singer/songwriter
  • 1945 – Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
  • 1946 – Tim O’Brien, American writer
  • 1947 – Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist
  • 1947 – Stephen Collins, American actor
  • 1947 – Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
  • 1947 – Mariska Veres, Dutch singer (Shocking Blue) (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Cub Koda, American singer (Brownsville Station) (d. 2000)
  • 1949 – Isaac Bonewits, American author
  • 1950 – Randy Quaid, American actor
  • 1950 – Jeane Manson, American singer and actress
  • 1952 – Jacques Martin, Canadian ice hockey coach and executive
  • 1953 – John Hegley, British poet
  • 1953 – Pete Falcone, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Grete Waitz, Norwegian athlete
  • 1954 – Martin Strel, Slovenian swimmer
  • 1955 – Duško Tadic, Bosnian Serb
  • 1955 – Howard Hewett, R & B Singer
  • 1956 – Theresa May, British politician
  • 1957 – Stelios Mainas, Greek actor
  • 1958 – Masato Nakamura, Japanese musician
  • 1959 – Youssou N’Dour, Senegalese singer
  • 1961 – Gary Ablett, Australian rules footballer
  • 1961 – Robert Rey, Brazilian-American plastic surgeon and television personality
  • 1962 – Esai Morales, American actor
  • 1962 – Paul Walsh, English footballer
  • 1963 – Jean-Denis Délétraz, Swiss race car driver
  • 1963 – Mark McGwire, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Harry Hill, British comedian
  • 1964 – Max Matsuura, Japanese record producer
  • 1964 – Jonathan Sarfati, Australian-born chess player, scientist, and author
  • 1965 – Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
  • 1965 – Cindy Margolis, American model and spokesmodel
  • 1965 – Cliff Ronning, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Christopher Titus, American actor/comedian
  • 1966 – George Weah, Liberian politician and footballer
  • 1966 – Cuco Ziganda, Spanish footballer
  • 1967 – Scott Young, American ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mike Pringle, American football player
  • 1968 – Jon Guenther, American author
  • 1968 – Rob Collard, British racing driver
  • 1969 – Igor Ulanov, Russian hockey player
  • 1969 – Ori Kaplan, Israeli jazz musician
  • 1970 – Gam Wu-seong, South Korean actor
  • 1970 – Simon Davey, Barnsley football manager
  • 1970 – Alexei Zhamnov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Andrew O’Keefe, Australian television personality
  • 1973 – Jana Henke, German swimmer
  • 1973 – Rachid Chékhémani, French runner
  • 1973 – John Thomson, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Mats Lindgren, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Keith Duffy, Irish singer (Boyzone) and actor
  • 1974 – Christian Borle, American actor
  • 1975 – Chulpan Khamatova, Russian actress
  • 1976 – Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
  • 1976 – Denis Gauthier, Canadian hockey player
  • 1976 – Dora Venter, Hungarian pornographic film actress
  • 1976 – Ümit Karan, Turkish footballer
  • 1977 – Jeffrey van Hooydonk, Belgian race car driver
  • 1978 – Andrew JC Jackson, Australian surf lifesaver
  • 1978 – Leticia Cline, American model and TV Personality
  • 1979 – Cameron Bruce, Australian rules footballer
  • 1979 – Rudi Johnson, American football player
  • 1979 – Gilberto Martínez, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1979 – Marko Stanojevic, English-born Italian rugby union footballer
  • 1981 – Júlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Johnny Oduya, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Arnau Riera, Spanish footballer
  • 1982 – Haruna Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Harry Lawrence, Bath born Entrepreneur
  • 1982 – Sandra Oxenryd, Swedish singer
  • 1983 – Mirko Vucinic, Montenegrin footballer
  • 1984 – Matt Cain, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Daniel Guillén, Spanish footballer
  • 1985 – Ryo Miyamori, Japanese singer
  • 1985 – Nazimuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1985 – Revazi Zintiridis, Greek judoka
  • 1986 – Jurnee Smollett, American actress
  • 1986 – Sayaka, Japanese singer
  • 1986 – Ricardo Vaz Té, Portuguese footballer
  • 1990 – Charlie McDonnell, British YouTube Personality

October 1 – Deaths:

  • 959 – King Edwy of England
  • 1040 – Alan III, Duke of Brittany (poisoned) (b. 997)
  • 1189 – Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar
  • 1310 – Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
  • 1404 – Pope Boniface IX (b. 1356)
  • 1499 – Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (b. 1433)
  • 1500 – John Alcock, English Catholic bishop
  • 1567 – Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
  • 1570 – Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
  • 1574 – Marten Jacobszoon Heemskerk van Veen, Dutch painter (b. 1498)
  • 1578 – Don John of Austria, military leader (b. 1547)
  • 1588 – Blessed Edward James, Catholic martyr
  • 1609 – Gianmatteo Asola, Italian composer
  • 1684 – Pierre Corneille, French author (b. 1606)
  • 1693 – Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian (b. 1619)
  • 1708 – John Blow, British composer (b. 1649)
  • 1768 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (b. 1687)
  • 1837 – Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
  • 1838 – Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (b. 1768)
  • 1864 – Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
  • 1876 – James Lick, California land baron (b. 1796)
  • 1901 – Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan amir
  • 1913 – Eugene O’Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
  • 1929 – Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (b. 1861)
  • 1955 – Charles Christie, American film studio owner (b. 1880)
  • 1958 – Robert Falk, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (b. 1893)
  • 1974 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Al Jackson, American drummer (Booker T. & the M.G.’s) (b. 1935)
  • 1984 – Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – E. B. White, American author (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Sacheverell Sitwell, English writer (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Curtis LeMay, American Air Force general (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Petra Kelly, German politician (b. 1947)
  • 1994 – Paul Lorenzen, German philosopher (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – Pat McGeown, Provisional Irish Republican Army member (b. 1956)
  • 1997 – Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (b. 1923)
  • 1998 – Pauline Julien, French Canadian singer (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Robert Allen, American pianist and songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Reginald Kray, British gangster (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Guy Beaulne, French-Canadian actor and theatre director (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician (Buffalo Springfield) (b. 1946)
  • 2006 – Jerald Tanner, American religious activist (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – André Viger, French Canadian wheelchair marathoner (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Chris Mainwaring, Australian rules footballer (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Harry Lee, Sheriff of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Al Oerter, American track and field athlete (b. 1936)
  • 2007 – Ned Sherrin, English broadcaster, author and stage director (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Ronnie Hazlehurst, English conductor and theme song composer (b. 1928)

October 1 – Holidays:

  • National Day of the People’s Republic of China (1949)
  • Republic of Cyprus – Independence Day (from Britain, 1960)
  • Nigeria – Independence Day (from Britain, 1960)
  • Tuvalu – Independence Day (from Gilbert Islands (Kiribati), 1975)
  • French Republican Calendar – Cuve (Barrel) Day, tenth day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • World Vegetarian Day
  • Singapore – Children’s Day
  • World Health Organization – World Hepatitis Awareness Day
  • Armenia – Teachers’ Day

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Enter to Win a New Kindle Fire!

On my Kindle Books and Tips blog, I am giving away one of the brand-new, just announced,  Kindle Fires – rather than limiting it to just those people who read that blog I think it’s appropriate to invite the readers of this blog and anyone else who wants to enter – it’s free to enter, but the giveaway ends Monday: if you’re interested, please enter now before you forget!

To enter, just click here or type in http://smarturl.it/1014kf into your web browser – and how about telling your friends and family about the giveaway, also (heck, tell everyone you know!)?  I’m sure they would like a chance to win!

Have a great rest of your week-

Michael

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On This Day in History September 30

September 30 – Events:

  • 1399 – Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.
  • 1744 – France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell’Olmo.
  • 1781 – American War of Independence: The French defeat the British at the Battle of Chesapeake Capes.
  • 1791 – The Magic Flute, the last opera composed by Mozart premiered at Theater an der Wien in Vienna, Austria.
  • 1791 – The Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots.
  • 1813 – Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla.
  • 1860 – Britain’s first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside.
  • 1882 – The world’s first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.
  • 1888 – Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes.
  • 1895 – Madagascar becomes a French protectorate.
  • 1901 – Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner.
  • 1903 – New Gresham’s School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood.
  • 1927 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season
  • 1931 – Start of “Die Voortrekkers” youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • 1935 – The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
  • 1938 – At 2:00 am, Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1938 – The League of Nations unanimously outlaws “intentional bombings of civilian populations.”
  • 1939 – Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war.
  • 1939 – General Wladyslaw Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile.
  • 1947 – The Islamic Republic of Pakistan joins the United Nations.
  • 1947 – The World Series, featuring New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.
  • 1949 – The Berlin Airlift ends.
  • 1954 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world’s first nuclear reactor-powered vessel.
  • 1955 – Film icon James Dean dies in a road accident at age 24.
  • 1962 – Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.
  • 1962 – James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation.
  • 1965 – General Suharto rises to power after an alleged coup by the Communist Party of Indonesia. In response, Suharto and his army massacre over a million of Indonesian suspected as communists.
  • 1966 – The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.
  • 1967 – BBC Radio 1 is launched; the BBC’s other national radio stations also adopt numeric names. Tony Blackburn presents the first show.
  • 1970 – Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings.
  • 1975 – The J. Edgar Hoover Building is dedicated by President Gerald Ford.
  • 1975 – The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
  • 1977 – Due to US budget cuts, the Apollo program’s ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down.
  • 1979 – The Hong Kong MTR commenced service with the opening of its Modified Initial System (aka. Kwun Tong Line).
  • 1980 – Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.
  • 1982 – Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven were killed in all.
  • 1986 – Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel covert nuclear program to British media, was kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
  • 1989 – Foreign Minister of West Germany Hans-Dietrich Genscher’s speech from the balcony of the German embassy in Prague.
  • 1990 – The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada’s capital city of Ottawa.
  • 1991 – President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti is forced from office.
  • 1993 – An earthquake hits India’s Latur and Osmanabad district of Marathwada (Aurangabad division) in Maharashtra state leaving tens of thousands of people dead and many more homeless.
  • 1999 – Japan’s worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.
  • 2004 – The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo.
  • 2004 – The AIM-54 Phoenix, the primary missile for the F-14 Tomcat, retired from service. Almost two years later, the Tomcat retires.
  • 2005 – The Parliament of Catalonia passes with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in its article 1, “Catalonia is a nation.”
  • 2005 – The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
  • 2006 – the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new Constitution of Serbia.

September 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1207 – Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet (d. 1273)
  • 1227 – Pope Nicholas IV (d. 1292)
  • 1530 – Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1550 – Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)
  • 1631 – William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
  • 1700 – Stanislaw Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1710 – John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
  • 1715 – Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
  • 1732 – Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI (d. 1804)
  • 1765 – José María Morelos, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1815)
  • 1800 – Decimus Burton, British architect (d. 1881)
  • 1811 – Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • 1827 – Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (d. 1918)
  • 1861 – William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company) (d. 1932)
  • 1870 – Jean Baptiste Perrin, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1870 – Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)
  • 1882 – Hans Geiger, German physicist (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (d. 1945)
  • 1893 – Lansdale Sasscer, American politician (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Lewis Milestone, Russian-born film director (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Renée Adorée, French actress (d. 1933)
  • 1898 – Princess Charlotte of Monaco (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Waldo Williams, Welsh poet (d. 1971)
  • 1905 – Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – David Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Kenny Baker, American singer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Bill Walsh, American film producer and writer (d. 1975)
  • 1915 – Lester Maddox, American businessman, one-time segregationist and Governor of Georgia (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Park Chunghee, President of South Korea (d. 1979)
  • 1917 – Buddy Rich, American big band drummer (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – Lewis Nixon, WWII Veteran (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Roberto Bonomi, Argentine racing driver (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Patricia Neway, American soprano
  • 1920 – Aldo Parisot, Brazilian-American musician and cellist
  • 1921 – Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Alan Stretton, Australian general
  • 1924 – Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984)
  • 1926 – Robin Roberts, American baseball player
  • 1927 – W. S. Merwin, American poet
  • 1928 – Elie Wiesel, Romanian Holocaust survivor, author, and lecturer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1931 – Angie Dickinson, American actress
  • 1932 – Shintaro Ishihara, Japanese author and politician (Governor of Tokyo)
  • 1932 – Johnny Podres, American baseball player (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Cissy Houston, American gospel/r&b singer
  • 1933 – Barbara Knox, English actress
  • 1934 – Udo Jürgens, Austrian singer
  • 1934 – Anna Kashfi, Welsh actress
  • 1935 – Johnny Mathis, American singer
  • 1935 – Z. Z. Hill, American blues singer (d. 1984)
  • 1937 – Valentin Silvestrov, Ukrainian composer
  • 1939 – Jean-Marie Lehn, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – Frankie Lymon, American singer (d. 1968)
  • 1943 – Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1943 – Marilyn McCoo, American singer (The Fifth Dimension)
  • 1943 – Ian Ogilvy, British Actor
  • 1944 – Diane Dufresne, French Canadian singer
  • 1945 – Salaheddin Ali Nader Shah Angha, 42nd Present Sufi Master of the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi order
  • 1945 – Ehud Olmert, twelfth Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1945 – Bob Lassiter, American radio personality
  • 1946 – Paul Sheahan, Australian Test Cricketer 1967-1974
  • 1946 – Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (d. 1993)
  • 1946 – Claude Vorilhon, founder of Raelism, a ufo religion
  • 1947 – Marc Bolan, British musician (d. 1977)
  • 1947 – Dave Arneson, American game designer
  • 1947 – Rula Lenska,English Actress
  • 1948 – Craig Kusick, former Major League Baseball Player
  • 1950 – Renato Zero, Italian musician
  • 1951 – Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1952 – Jack Wild, British actor (d. 2006)
  • 1953 – Deborah Allen, American singer
  • 1953 – S.M. Stirling, Canadian-born author
  • 1954 – Basia Trzetrzelewska, Polish-born singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Barry Williams, American actor
  • 1954 – Patrice Rushen, American musician
  • 1957 – Fran Drescher, American actress
  • 1958 – Marty Stuart, American musician
  • 1959 – Ettore Messina, Italian basketball coach
  • 1960 – Blanche Lincoln, American politician
  • 1961 – Eric Stoltz, American actor
  • 1961 – Crystal Bernard, American actress
  • 1961 – Eric van de Poele, Belgian racing driver
  • 1961 – Sally Yeh, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1962 – Frank Rijkaard, Dutch football player and manager
  • 1962 – Shaan, Indian singer
  • 1964 – Trey Anastasio, American musician (Phish)
  • 1964 – Monica Bellucci, Italian actress
  • 1964 – Robby Takac, American singer and bassist (Goo Goo Dolls)
  • 1965 – Kathleen Madigan, American comedian
  • 1966 – Kerry G. Johnson, African American graphic designer and caricaturist
  • 1968 – Monica Bellucci, Italian actress
  • 1969 – Chris Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1991)
  • 1970 – Mark Smith, English body builder, former Gladiators player
  • 1971 – Jenna Elfman, American actress
  • 1972 – Ari Behn, Norwegian author
  • 1972 – Jamal Anderson, American football player
  • 1974 – Jeremy Giambi, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Marion Cotillard, French actress
  • 1975 – Carlos Guillén, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1977 – Maia Brewton, American actress
  • 1977 – Roy Carroll, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Sun Jihai, Chinese footballer
  • 1978 – Candice Michelle, American female wrestler
  • 1979 – Andy van der Meyde, Dutch footballer
  • 1979 – Clio-Danae Othoneou, Greek actress, musician and pianist
  • 1979 – Vince Chong, Malaysian singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Martina Hingis, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Dominique Moceanu, American gymnast
  • 1981 – Brandon Watson, American baseball
  • 1982 – Kieran Culkin, American actor
  • 1982 – Tory Lane, American nude model, exotic dancer, and pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Michelle Marsh, British model
  • 1982 – Teal Redmann, American actress
  • 1982 – Ryan Stout, American comedian
  • 1983 – Andreea Raducan, Romanian gymnast
  • 1985 – T-Pain, American rapper/singer
  • 1987 – Denise Laurel, Filipino actress and singer

September 30 – Deaths:

  • 420 – Saint Jerome, translator of the Vulgate Bible
  • 653 – Saint Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1101 – Anselm IV, Archbishop of Milan
  • 1246 – Yaroslav II of Russia (b. 1191)
  • 1440 – Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, English soldier and politician
  • 1487 – John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1400)
  • 1551 – Ouchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (b. 1507)
  • 1560 – Melchior Cano, Spanish theologian (b. 1525)
  • 1572 – St. Francis Borgia, Jesuit priest (b. 1510)
  • 1581 – Hubert Languet, French diplomat and reformer (b. 1518)
  • 1626 – Nurhaci, Manchurian chief (b. 1559)
  • 1628 – Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (b. 1554)
  • 1770 – Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, English politician and diplomat
  • 1770 – George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader (b. 1714)
  • 1772 – James Brindley, English engineer (b. 1716)
  • 1865 – Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar (b. 1800)
  • 1888 – Elizabeth Stride, widely believed to be the third victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1843)
  • 1888 – Catherine Eddowes, widely believed to be the fourth victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1842)
  • 1891 – Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (b. 1837)
  • 1897 – St Therese of Lisieux, Roman Catholic saint and mystic (b. 1873)
  • 1910 – Maurice Lévy, French engineer (b. 1838)
  • 1913 – Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (b. 1858)
  • 1942 – Hans-Joachim Marseille, German fighter pilot (b. 1919)
  • 1943 – Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)
  • 1955 – James Dean, American actor (automobile accident) (b. 1931)
  • 1961 – Onésime Gagnon, French Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Québec (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Peter Pitseolak, Inuit photographer and author (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Carlos Prats, Chilean Constitutionalist General, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1977 – Mary Ford, American singer (Les Paul and Mary Ford) (b. 1924)
  • 1978 – Edgar Bergen, American actor and ventriloquist (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Simone Signoret, French actress (b. 1921)
  • 1985 – Charles Richter, American seismologist (b. 1900)
  • 1988 – Al Holbert, American race car driver and team owner (b. 1946)
  • 1989 – Virgil Thompson, American composer (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Alice Parizeau, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 1994 – Andre Michael Lwoff, French microbiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1998 – Dan Quisenberry, American baseball player (b. 1953)
  • 2002 – Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Robert Kardashian, Armenian-American lawyer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Gamini Fonseka, Sri Lankan actor (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Michael Relph, British film producer and director (b. 1915)

September 30 – Holidays:

  • Botswana – Independence Day (1966)
  • São Tomé and Príncipe – Agricultural Reform (Nationalization) Day
  • French Republican Calendar – Panais (Parsnip) Day, ninth day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • International Translation Day, introduced in 1991 by International Federation of Translators

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On This Day in History September 29

September 29 – Events:

  • 522 BC – Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta, securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire.
  • 480 BC – Battle of Salamis: The Greek fleet under Themistokles, defeats the Persian fleet under Xerxes I.
  • 61 BC – Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph, for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror invades England.
  • 1227 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX, for his failure to go on crusade.
  • 1364 – Battle of Auray: English forces defeat French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession.
  • 1567 – The second War of Religion in France breaks out.
  • 1567 – At a dinner, the Duke of Alba arrests the Count of Egmont and the Count of Hoorn for treason.
  • 1650 – Henry Robinson opens his Office of Addresses and Encounters - the first historically documented dating service – in Threadneedle Street, London.
  • 1789 – The U.S. War Department first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.
  • 1789 – The first U.S. Congress adjourns.
  • 1829 – The Metropolitan Police of London, also known as the Met, is founded.
  • 1848 – Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence.
  • 1850 – The Roman Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin’s Farm is fought.
  • 1885 – The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
  • 1907 – The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral in the U.S. capital.
  • 1911 – Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1916 – First billionaire. John D. Rockefeller proclaimed.
  • 1918 – The Hindenburg Line is broken by Allied forces during World War I. Bulgaria signs an armistice.
  • 1924 – Plutarco Elías Calles is proclaimed President of Mexico.
  • 1941 – Holocaust in Kiev, Ukraine: German Einsatzgruppe C starts Babi Yar massacre. According to the Einsatzgruppen Operational Situation Report No. 101, at least 33,771 Jews from Kiev and its suburbs were killed at Babi Yar on September 29 – 30, 1941.
  • 1943 – U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice aboard the British ship HMS Nelson off Malta.
  • 1954 – The convention establishing CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) is signed.
  • 1954 – Major League Baseball: Willie Mays of the then New York Giants makes “The Catch” at The Polo Grounds in game one of the World Series.
  • 1957 – 20 MCi (740 petabecquerels) of radioactive material is released in an explosion at the Soviet Mayak nuclear plant at Chelyabinsk.
  • 1960 – Nikita Khrushchev, leader of Soviet Union, disorders a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly with a number of angry outbursts.
  • 1962 – Alouette 1, the first Canadian satellite, is launched.
  • 1963 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council opens.
  • 1964 – The Argentine comic strip Mafalda is published for the first time.
  • 1965 – The NSA memorial lists ten agents lost on this date.
  • 1971 – Oman joins the Arab League.
  • 1972 – Sino-Japanese relations: Japan establishes diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China.
  • 1975 – WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, becomes the world’s first black-owned-and-operated television station.
  • 1975 – Sharon Dahlonega Raiford Bush becomes American television’s first black weathercaster.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II became the first pope to set foot on Irish soil with his pastoral visit to the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1982 – Tylenol Crisis of 1982 began when the first of seven individuals died in metropolitan Chicago.
  • 1988 – NASA resumes space shuttle flights, grounded after the Challenger disaster, with STS-26.
  • 1990 – Washington National Cathedral finished.
  • 1990 – The YF-22, which would later become the F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.
  • 1991 – Military coup in Haiti.
  • 1992 – Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello resigns.
  • 1995 – Khaled Kelkal is killed by the French Police.
  • 1995 – The United States Navy disbands Fighter Squadron #84 (VF-84), the celebrated Jolly Rogers.
  • 2001 – The Syracuse Herald-Journal, a U.S. newspaper dating back to 1839, ceases publication.
  • 2003 – Hurricane Juan makes landfall in Nova Scotia.
  • 2004 – The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.
  • 2004 – The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, the first of two needed to win the prize.
  • 2005 – US Senate confirms John Roberts to be the next Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 2005 – Amnesty referendum in Algeria.
  • 2006 – US Representative Mark Foley resigns after allegations of inappropriate emails to house pages were introduced.

September 29 – Birthdays:

  • 106 BC – Pompey the Great, consul of Rome (d. 48 BC)
  • 1240 – Margaret of England, Queen consort of England, (d. 1275)
  • 1321 – John of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (d. 1387)
  • 1328 – Joan of Kent, wife of Edward, the Black Prince (d. 1385)
  • 1388 – Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Henry IV of England (d. 1421)
  • 1511 – Miguel Servet, Spanish humanist (d. 1553)
  • 1547 – Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish author (d. 1616)
  • 1548 – William V, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1626)
  • 1561 – Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (d. 1615)
  • 1571 – Caravaggio, Italian artist (d. 1610)
  • 1636 – Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1715)
  • 1639 – Lord William Russell, English politician (d. 1683)
  • 1640 – Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (d. 1720)
  • 1678 – Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (d. 1766)
  • 1691 – Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (d. 1781)
  • 1703 – François Boucher, French painter (d. 1770)
  • 1725 – Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, British general and statesman (d. 1774)
  • 1758 – Horatio Nelson, British admiral (d. 1805)
  • 1766 – Charlotte, Princess Royal, German queen (d. 1828)
  • 1786 – Guadalupe Victoria, 1st President of Mexico (d. 1843)
  • 1803 – Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (d. 1850)
  • 1803 – Mercator Cooper, American sea captain (d. 1872)
  • 1808 – Henry Bennett, American politician (d. 1868)
  • 1810 – Elizabeth Gaskell, British novelist (d. 1865)
  • 1842 – Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
  • 1843 – Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882)
  • 1853 – Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Hugo Haase, German politician and jurist (d. 1919)
  • 1864 – Alexandra Kitchin, British model for Lewis Carroll (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer and philosopher (d. 1936)
  • 1881 – Ludwig von Mises, Austrian Economist
  • 1895 – J.B. Rhine, American parapsychologist (d. 1980)
  • 1895 – Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Trofim Lysenko, Stalinist biologist (d. 1976)
  • 1901 – Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1900 – Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Greer Garson, British actress (d. 1996)
  • 1907 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and businessman (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – George W. Jenkins, American businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Eddie Tolan, American athlete (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Virginia Bruce, American actress (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Trevor Howard, English actor (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Stanley Kramer, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Vincent DeDomenico, American entrepreneur (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Brenda Marshall, American film actress (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Peter D. Mitchell, English chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1922 – Lizabeth Scott, American actress
  • 1923 – Stan Berenstain, American children’s author (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Steve Forrest, American actor
  • 1930 – Colin Dexter, British author of Inspector Morse novels
  • 1931 – Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress
  • 1931 – James Watson Cronin, American nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1932 – Robert Benton, American screenwriter and director
  • 1932 – Mehmood, Indian actor (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Lance Gibbs, Guyanese West Indies cricketer
  • 1935 – Jerry Lee Lewis, American musician
  • 1936 – Silvio Berlusconi, former Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1938 – Wim Kok, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
  • 1939 – Tommy Boyce, American songwriter
  • 1939 – Molly Haskell, American film critic
  • 1939 – Larry Linville, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1940 – Nicola Di Bari, Italian singer
  • 1941 – Fred West, British serial killer (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Madeline Kahn, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Felice Gimondi, Italian cyclist
  • 1942 – Ian McShane, British actor
  • 1942 – Bill Nelson, American politician
  • 1942 – Jean-Luc Ponty, French jazz violinist
  • 1942 – Steve Tesich, Serbian screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1943 – Mohammad Khatami, former President of Iran
  • 1943 – Gary Boyd Roberts, American genealogist
  • 1943 – Lech Walesa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1944 – Mike Post, American composer
  • 1945 – Kyriakos Sfetsas, Greek composer
  • 1947 – Martin Ferrero, American actor
  • 1948 – Bryant Gumbel, American television personality
  • 1948 – Mark Farner, American guitarist Grand Funk
  • 1948 – Theo Jörgensmann, German jazz clarinetist
  • 1949 – George Dalaras, Greek singer
  • 1951 – Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile
  • 1951 – Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1951 – Maureen Caird, Australian hurdler
  • 1951 – Mike Enriquez, Philippine broadcaster
  • 1952 – Gabor Csupo, Hungarian-born animator
  • 1952 – Max Sandlin, American politician
  • 1953 – Warren Cromartie, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Drake Hogestyn, American actor
  • 1953 – Jean-Claude Lauzon, Quebec film director (d. 1997)
  • 1956 – Sebastian Coe, British athlete
  • 1957 – Andrew Dice Clay, American comedian and actor
  • 1957 – Sokratis Malamas, Greek singer and composer
  • 1957 – Chris Broad, former English cricketer and current match referee
  • 1960 – Alan McGee, British music industry mogul and musician
  • 1961 – Stephanie Miller, American comedian
  • 1962 – Roger Bart, American actor
  • 1962 – Al Pitrelli, American musician, guitarist
  • 1963 – Dave Andreychuk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Les Claypool, American bassist (Primus)
  • 1966 – Jill Whelan, American actress
  • 1967 – Brett Anderson, British musician/singer (Suede, The Tears)
  • 1968 – Patrick Burns, American television presenter
  • 1968 – Samir Soni, Indian film actor
  • 1969 – Erika Eleniak, American actress and Playboy Playmate
  • 1969 – Aleks Syntek, Mexican singer
  • 1969 – Angelo Barretto, Filipino racecar driver
  • 1970 – Yoshihiro Tajiri, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Natasha Gregson Wagner, American actress
  • 1970 – Emily Lloyd, British actress
  • 1971 – Sibel Tüzün, Turkish singer
  • 1971 – Mackenzie Crook, British actor and comedian
  • 1972 – Robert Webb, British actor, comedian, and writer
  • 1972 – Oliver Gavin, British racing car driver
  • 1973 – Joe Hulbig, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Athanasios Michalopoulos, Greek volleyball player
  • 1973 – Scout Niblett, British singer/songwriter
  • 1974 – Brian Ash, American film producer
  • 1974 – Alexis Cruz, American actor
  • 1975 – Albert Celades, Spanish football player
  • 1976 – Andriy Shevchenko, Ukrainian football player
  • 1976 – Darren Byfield, English football player
  • 1976 – Oscar Sevilla, Spanish cyclist
  • 1977 – Won Bin, South Korean actor
  • 1977 – Wade Brookbank, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Debelah Morgan, American R&B singer
  • 1977 – Jake Westbrook, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kurt Nilsen, Norwegian singer
  • 1978 – Mohini Bhardwaj, American gymnast
  • 1978 – Gunner McGrath, American guitarist (Much the Same)
  • 1979 – Shelley Duncan, American Baseball Player
  • 1979 – Takumi Beppu, Japanese cyclist
  • 1980 – Dallas Green, Canadian musician (Alexisonfire,City and Colour)
  • 1980 – Zachary Levi, American actor
  • 1981 – Siarhei Rutenka, Belarusian handball player
  • 1982 – Ariana Jollee, American pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Rob Smith – Irish musician and songwriter
  • 1984 – Per Mertesacker, German football player
  • 1986 – Benoit Pouliot, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Mark Fraser, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Josh Farro, American guitarist (Paramore)
  • 1988 – Kevin Durant, American basketball player
  • 1999 – Juan Valentín Urdangarín y de Borbón, Spanish royal

September 29 – Deaths:

  • 1364 – Charles, Duke of Brittany
  • 1560 – King Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1496)
  • 1637 – Lorenzo Ruiz, Filipino saint
  • 1642 – René Goupil, French Catholic missionary, one of Canadian Martyrs (b. 1608)
  • 1703 – Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (b. 1610)
  • 1800 – Michael Denis, Austrian poet (b. 1729)
  • 1804 – Michael Hillegas, first Treasurer of the United States (b. 1728)
  • 1833 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain (b. 1784)
  • 1887 – Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (b. 1810)
  • 1889 – Louis Faidherbe, French general (b. 1818)
  • 1900 – Samuel Fenton Cary, congressman, prohibitionist (b. 1814)
  • 1902 – William Topaz McGonagall, British poet (b. 1825)
  • 1902 – Émile Zola, French writer (b. 1840)
  • 1908 – Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (b. 1839)
  • 1925 – Léon Bourgeois, French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1851)
  • 1927 – Willem Einthoven, Dutch inventor, Nobel laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1927 – Arthur Achleitner, German writer (b. 1858)
  • 1930 – Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • 1937 – Ray Ewry, American athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1952 – John Cobb, British racing driver (b. 1899)
  • 1967 – Carson McCullers, American author (b. 1917)
  • 1970 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – W. H. Auden, English poet (b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Casey Stengel, baseball player and manager (b. 1890)
  • 1976 – Wadi Ayoub, Greco-Roman professional wrestler, (b. 1927)
  • 1981 – Bill Shankly, Scottish football manager (b. 1913)
  • 1982 – Monty Stratton, baseball player (b. 1912)
  • 1987 – Henry Ford II, president of Ford Motor Company (b. 1917)
  • 1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Gussie Busch, American brewing magnate (b. 1899)
  • 1994 – Cheb Hasni, Algerian singer (b. 1968)
  • 1996 – Leslie Crowther, British comedian (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (b. 1923)
  • 1998 – Jared High, victim of bullying and suicide (b. 1985)
  • 1998 – Tom Bradley, Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Richard Sainct, French motorcycle rally rider (b. 1970)
  • 2005 – Austin Leslie, American chef, the “Godfather of Fried Chicken” (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Jan Werner Danielsen, Norwegian singer (b. 1976)
  • 2006 – Khalique Ibrahim Khalique, Pakistani journalist and Urdu poet and critic (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Walter Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (b. 1927)

September 29 – Holidays:

  • Argentina, Inventor’s Day – László József Bíró’s birthday.
  • French Republican Calendar – Amarante (Amaranth) Day, eighth day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 28

September 28 – Events:

  • 48 BC – Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.
  • 351 – Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius.
  • 365 – Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
  • 935 – Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslav I of Bohemia.
  • 995 – Members of Slavník’s dynasty – Spytimír, Pobraslav, Porej and Cáslav are murdered by Boleslaus’s son, Boleslaus II the Pious.
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror invades England: the Norman Conquest begins.
  • 1106 – The Battle of Tinchebrai – Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose.
  • 1322 – Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf.
  • 1448 – Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
  • 1542 – Navigator João Rodrigues Cabrilho of Portugal arrives as what is now San Diego, California, United States.
  • 1708 – Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
  • 1779 – American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
  • 1781 – American forces backed by a French fleet begin the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1787 – The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the U.S. Congress to be sent to the state legislatures for approval.
  • 1844 – Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
  • 1867 – Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario.
  • 1867 – The United States takes control of Midway Island.
  • 1868 – Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.
  • 1889 – The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice.
  • 1928 – UK passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
  • 1939 – Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.
  • 1939 – Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.
  • 1941 – Major League Baseball: Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox hits a batting average of .406 that was originally at .3995. He is the last player to have a batting average of .400 or better.
  • 1944 – Battle of Arnhem – Germans defeat British airborne at Arnhem, Netherlands.
  • 1944 – Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.
  • 1958 – France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.
  • 1961 – A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.
  • 1962 – Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane, Australia.
  • 1971 – UK passes the Misuse of Drugs Act banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
  • 1972 – The Canadian national men’s hockey team, led by Paul Henderson, defeat the Soviet Union national ice hockey team 6-5 to win decisive Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series.
  • 1973 – ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT’s involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d’état in Chile.
  • 1975 – The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people were taken as hostages, takes place in London.
  • 1994 – The car ferry MS Estonia sinks in Baltic Sea, killing 852 people.
  • 1995 – Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries take the islands of Comoros in a coup.
  • 2000 – Al-Aqsa Intifada: Arial Sharon visits the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

September 28 – Birthdays:

  • 551 BC – Confucius, Chinese philosopher (d. 479 BC)
  • 58 BC – Livia Drusilla, wife of the Roman emperor Caesar Augustus (d. 29)
  • 1330 – Nicolas Flamel, French alchemist (d. 1417?)
  • 1493 – Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet (d. 1545)
  • 1605 – Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (d. 1694)
  • 1667 – Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
  • 1681 – Johann Mattheson, German composer (d. 1764)
  • 1705 – Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (d. 1774)
  • 1746 – Sir William Jones, English philologist (d. 1794)
  • 1803 – Prosper Mérimée, French author (d. 1870)
  • 1821 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (d. 1874)
  • 1823 – Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (d. 1889)
  • 1824 – Francis Turner Palgrave, British critic and poet (d. 1897)
  • 1836 – Thomas Crapper, English inventor (d. 1910)
  • 1841 – Georges Clemenceau, French politician (d. 1929)
  • 1852 – Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
  • 1856 – Kate Douglas Wiggin, American children’s author (d. 1923)
  • 1861 – Amélie of Orléans, queen of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • 1867 – Hiranuma Kiichiro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1952)
  • 1881 – Pedro de Cordoba, American actor (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – Avery Brundage, American athlete and sports official (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – Jack Fournier, American baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1891 – Myrtle Gonzalez, American actress (d. 1918)
  • 1893 – Giannis Skaribas, Greek writer and dramatist (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Carl Clauberg, Nazi concentration camp doctor (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – William S. Paley, American radio and television executive (d. 1990)
  • 1901 – Ed Sullivan, American television show host (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Heikki Savolainen, Finnish gymnast (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (d. 1931)
  • 1909 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss artist and illustrator
  • 1916 – Peter Finch, English-born actor (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – Ángel Labruna, Argentinian football player and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1923 – John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, British politician (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – William Windom, American actor
  • 1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Seymour Cray, American computer scientist (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Arnold Stang, American actor
  • 1926 – Jerry Clower, American comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1929 – Lata Mangeshkar, Indian playback singer
  • 1932 – Víctor Jara, Chilean folk singer and activist (d. 1973)
  • 1933 – Miguel Berrocal, Sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1934 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress
  • 1934 – Janet Munro, British actress (d. 1972)
  • 1935 – Heather Sears, British actress (d. 1994)
  • 1937 – Alice Mahon, English politician and labor leader
  • 1937 – Rod Roddy, American television announcer (d. 2003)
  • 1938 – Ben E. King, American r&b singer
  • 1939 – Stuart Kauffman, American biologist
  • 1939 – Rudolph Walker, Trinidadian-born British actor
  • 1941 – Edmund Stoiber, German politician
  • 1942 – Marshall Bell, American actor
  • 1942 – Pierre Clémenti, French actor (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Tim Maia, Brazilian Singer (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Joel Higgins, American actor
  • 1943 – Nick St. Nicholas, Canadian musician (Steppenwolf)
  • 1943 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Warren Lieberfarb, American media executive
  • 1946 – Jeffrey Jones, American actor
  • 1946 – Helen Shapiro, English singer
  • 1947 – Bob Carr, Australian politician
  • 1947 – Sheikh Hasina, Bangladeshi politician
  • 1950 – Laurie Lewis, American musician
  • 1950 – John Sayles, American director and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Wei Chen, Canadian journalist
  • 1952 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch actress
  • 1954 – Steve Largent, American football player and U.S. Congressman
  • 1954 – George Lynch, American musician (Dokken)
  • 1955 – Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician
  • 1959 – Ron Fellows, Canadian race car driver
  • 1960 – Jennifer Rush, American pop singer
  • 1961 – Quentin Kawananakoa, American-born pretender to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii
  • 1962 – Grant Fuhr, Canadian hockey player
  • 1963 – Steve Blackman, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Claudio Borghi, Argentine football manager (Colo-Colo)
  • 1964 – Laura Cerón, American actress
  • 1964 – Janeane Garofalo, American actress and comedian
  • 1964 – Paul Jewell, English football manager
  • 1966 – Puri Jagannadh, Indian film director
  • 1967 – Mira Sorvino, American actress
  • 1967 – Moon Unit Zappa, American singer and actress
  • 1968 – Mika Häkkinen, Finnish race car driver and two-time F1 world champion
  • 1968 – Naomi Watts, English-born actress
  • 1969 – Mark Everett, American fugitive
  • 1969 – Éric Lapointe, Canadian singer
  • 1969 – Nico Vaesen, Belgian footballer
  • 1970 – Mike DeJean, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Gualter Salles, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1971 – Alan Wright, English footballer
  • 1972 – Dita Von Teese, American burlesque artist
  • 1973 – Jori Hulkkonen, Finnish electronic musician
  • 1973 – Brian Rafalski, American ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Mariya Kiselyova, Russian swimmer
  • 1974 – Joonas Kolkka, Finnish footballer
  • 1974 – Shane Webcke, Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – John Light, English actor
  • 1975 – Lenny Krayzelburg, American swimmer
  • 1976 – Fedor Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial artist
  • 1977 – Young Jeezy, American Rapper
  • 1977 – Se Ri Pak, Korean golfer
  • 1978 – Bushido, German rapper
  • 1979 – Bam Margera, American skateboarder
  • 1981 – José Calderón, Spanish basketball player
  • 1981 – Jorge Guagua, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1981 – Gül Gölge, Turkish model and actress
  • 1981 – Iracema Trevisan, Brazilian musician (CSS)
  • 1982 – Ray Emery, Canadian hockey player
  • 1982 – Ranbir Kapoor, Indian Actor
  • 1982 – Nolwenn Leroy, French Singer
  • 1982 – Emeka Okafor, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Dustin Penner, Canadian hockey player
  • 1982 – Anderson Varejão, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1983 – Stefan Moore, English footballer
  • 1984 – Melody Thornton, American singer and dancer
  • 1984 – Ryan Zimmerman, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Andrés Guardado, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Hilary Duff, American actress, singer
  • 1988 – Esmée Denters, Dutch singer
  • 1988 – Aleks Vrteski, Australian footballer
  • 1989 – Mark Randall, English footballer
  • 1992 – Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress

September 28 – Deaths:

  • 48 BC – Pompey, Roman general and politician (b. 106 BC)
  • 235 – Saint Pontianus, Pope
  • 876 – Louis the German, King of Eastern Francia (b. 804)
  • 935 – Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (b. 907)
  • 1104 – Pedro I, king of Aragon and Navarre (b. 1068)
  • 1197 – Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1165)
  • 1429 – Cymburgis of Masovia, wife of Duke Ernest of Austria
  • 1582 – George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
  • 1618 – Joshua Sylvester, English poet (b. 1563)
  • 1687 – Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (b. 1623)
  • 1694 – Gabriel Mouton, French scientist (b. 1618)
  • 1702 – Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English statesman (b. 1640)
  • 1742 – Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (b. 1663)
  • 1781 – William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, 4th Earl of Rochford, British diplomat and statesman (b. 1717)
  • 1844 – Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and statesman (b. 1769)
  • 1873 – Émile Gaboriau, French writer and journalist (b. 1832)
  • 1891 – Herman Melville, American novelist (b. 1819)
  • 1895 – Louis Pasteur, French scientist (b. 1822)
  • 1914 – Richard Sears, businessman (Sears, Roebuck and Company) (b. 1863)
  • 1915 – Saitou Hajime, 3rd squad leader of the Shinsengumi died under name of Goro Fujita (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1918 – Freddie Stowers, American soldier (b. 1896)
  • 1935 – W.K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (b. 1860)
  • 1953 – Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – William Edward Boeing, American aviation pioneer (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (b. 1901)
  • 1964 – Harpo Marx, American comedian and actor (b. 1888)
  • 1966 – André Breton, French poet (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – John Dos Passos, American novelist (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Gamal Abdel Nasser, the second President of Egypt (b. 1918)
  • 1978 – Pope John Paul I (b. 1912)
  • 1979 – John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist (b. 1921)
  • 1981 – Rómulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (b. 1908)
  • 1982 – Mabel Albertson, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (b. 1917)
  • 1991 – Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Peter De Vries, American novelist (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Fraser MacPherson, Canadian jazz saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1993 – Alexander A. Drabik, American soldier (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Mexican politician (assassinated) (b. 1946)
  • 1994 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Pierre Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Patsy Mink, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman (Molson family), senator and sports executive (Montreal Canadiens) (b. 1907)
  • 2003 – Althea Gibson, American tennis player (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Elia Kazan, Greek-born American film director (b. 1909)
  • 2003 – George Odlum, Saint Lucian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Scott Muni, American disc jockey (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Constance Baker Motley, American judge (b. 1921)

September 28 – Holidays:

  • Czech Republic – Czech Statehood Day.
  • Taiwan – Teacher’s Day.
  • French Republican Calendar – Carotte (Carrot) Day, seventh day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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