On This Day in History June 26

June 26 – Events:

  • 363 – Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield.
  • 1284 – According to legend, the Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away.
  • 1409 – Western Schism: The Roman Catholic church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.
  • 1483 – Richard III becomes king of England.
  • 1541 – Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Diego is later caught and executed.
  • 1718 – Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great’s son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • 1723 – After a lasting siege and firing from the cannons Baku surrendered to Russians.
  • 1848 – End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • 1857 – The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1870 – The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
  • 1918 – World War I Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J. Pershing & James Harbord defeat Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
  • 1924 – American occupying forces leave the Dominican Republic.
  • 1927 – The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island
  • 1934 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions.
  • 1934 – Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.
  • 1940 – World War II: Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and northern part of Bukovina.
  • 1945 – The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.
  • 1948 – The Western allies start an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union has blockaded West  Berlin.
  • 1948 – William Shockley filed the original patent for the grown junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.
  • 1959 – The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens, opening North America’s Great Lakes to ocean-going ships.
  • 1960 – Former British Protectorate of Somaliland British Somaliland gains its independence.
  • 1963 – John F. Kennedy speaks the famous words “Ich bin ein Berliner” on a visit to West Berlin.
  • 1973 – On Plesetsk Cosmodrome 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
  • 1974 – The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley’s chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
  • 1975 – Indira Gandhi establishes authoritarian rule in India.
  • 1975 – Two CIA agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in North Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
  • 1976 – The CN Tower, the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world, was opened.
  • 1977 – The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.
  • 1978 – Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overran the runway and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers onboard died.
  • 1981 – Couples For Christ, a Christian charismatic organization, established in the Philippines.
  • 1991 – Ten-Day War- Yugoslav people`s army began Ten-Day War in Slovenia.
  • 1993 – The U.S. launches a missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H.W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
  • 1995 – Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani deposed his father Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup.
  • 1996 – Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin.
  • 1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment.
  • 2003 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional in Lawrence v. Texas.
  • 2006 – The Republic of Montenegro becomes the 192nd member of the United Nations.

June 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1575 – Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1612)
  • 1681 – Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (d. 1708)
  • 1689 – Edward Holyoke, American academic (d. 1769)
  • 1694 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (d. 1768)
  • 1702 – Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (d. 1751)
  • 1703 – Thomas Clap, American academic (d. 1767)
  • 1819 – Abner Doubleday, American Major General (d. 1893)
  • 1824 – Lord Kelvin, Irish-born physicist (d. 1907)
  • 1838 – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Bengali Novelist (d. 1894)
  • 1854 – Robert Laird Borden, Canadian politician (d. 1937)
  • 1865 – Bernard Berenson, American art historian (d. 1959)
  • 1866 – George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (d. 1923)
  • 1869 – Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
  • 1880 – Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)
  • 1892 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – George Hainsworth, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1950)
  • 1898 – Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (d. 1971)
  • 1899 – Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1902 – Hugues Cuénod, Swiss Tenor
  • 1904 – Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1904 – Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (d. 1964)
  • 1906 – Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer (d. 1974)
  • 1906 – Viktor Schreckengost, American industrial designer
  • 1907 – Debs Garms, American baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Salvador Allende, Former President of Chile (1970-1973)
  • 1909 – Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley’s manager (d. 1997)
  • 1911 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (d. 1956)
  • 1914 – Laurie Lee, British writer (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Charlotte Zolotow, American author
  • 1919 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent (d. 1945)
  • 1922 – Eleanor Parker, American actress
  • 1923 – Barbara Graham, American murderer (d. 1955)
  • 1924 – Costas Axelos, Greek philosopher
  • 1925 – Pavel Belyayev, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1970)
  • 1928 – Jacob Druckman, American composer (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor
  • 1929 – Milton Glaser, American Designer
  • 1933 – Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor
  • 1933 – Gene Green, American baseball player (d. 1981)
  • 1934 – Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
  • 1934 – Dave Grusin, American jazz pianist
  • 1936 – Robert Maclennan, British politician
  • 1936 – Jean-Claude Cardinal Turcotte, Archbishop of Montreal
  • 1937 – Sombat Metanee, Thai film actor
  • 1937 – Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1938 – Gerald North, American climatologist
  • 1941 – Yves Beauchemin, Canadian novelist
  • 1942 – Gilberto Gil, Brazilian singer and Minister of Culture
  • 1943 – John Beasley, American actor
  • 1943 – Georgie Fame, British singer
  • 1945 – Dwight York, American cult leader
  • 1951 – Gary Gilmour, Australian cricketer
  • 1954 – Steve Barton, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Mick Jones, British guitarist (The Clash, Big Audio Dynamite)
  • 1956 – Chris Isaak, American singer
  • 1957 – Patty Smyth, American singer (Scandal)
  • 1957 – Philippe Couillard, Quebec neurosurgeon and politician
  • 1959 – Mark McKinney, Canadian actor
  • 1960 – Zachary Breaux, American jazz guitarist
  • 1961 – Greg LeMond, American cyclist
  • 1961 – Terri Nunn, American singer (Berlin)
  • 1963 – Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman
  • 1963 – Richard Garfield, American game designer
  • 1967 – Todd Pletcher, American horse trainer
  • 1968 – Paolo Maldini, Italian footballer
  • 1968 – Shannon Sharpe, American football player
  • 1969 – Colin Greenwood, British musician (Radiohead)
  • 1969 – Mike Myers, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Chris O’Donnell, American actor
  • 1970 – Sean Hayes, American Actor
  • 1970 – Irv Gotti, American record producer
  • 1970 – Paul Thomas Anderson, American filmmaker
  • 1970 – Nick Offerman, American actor
  • 1971 – Max Biaggi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1972 – Garou, Canadian singer
  • 1972 – Jai Taurima, Australian long jumper
  • 1973 – Gretchen Wilson, American singer
  • 1973 – Pawel Malaszynski, Polish actor
  • 1973 – Jussi Sydänmaa, Finnish musician (Lordi)
  • 1974 – Matt Striker, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Derek Jeter, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Jeff Frankenstein, American musician (Newsboys)
  • 1974 – Jason Kendall, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Jonah Sorrentino, American hip hop artist
  • 1976 – Ed Jovanovski, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Chad Pennington, American football player
  • 1976 – Joe Landon, American pornographic actor
  • 1977 – Kubo Tite, Japanese cartoonist
  • 1978 – Alexandra, French singer, L5’s singer
  • 1979 – Kostas Katsouranis, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Wálter Herrmann, Argentinian basketball player
  • 1979 – Andy O’Brien, English footballer
  • 1979 – Ryo Fukuda, Japanese racing driver
  • 1980 – Jason Schwartzman, American actor
  • 1980 – Michael Vick, American football player
  • 1980 – Chris Shelton, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Sinik, French singer and rapper
  • 1983 – Leela James, American singer
  • 1984 – Elijah Dukes, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Raymond Felton, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Deron Williams, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Jose Juan Barea, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader
  • 1986 – Casey Desmond, American singer
  • 1987 – Carlos Iaconelli, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1988 – Kyle Corbet, Canadian author
  • 1992 – Jennette McCurdy, American actress
  • 2005 – Princess Alexia of the Netherlands

June 26 – Deaths:

  • 363 – Julian the Apostate, Roman Emperor (killed in battle) (b. 331)
  • 1291 – Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England
  • 1541 – Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conqueror of Peru (murdered)
  • 1688 – Ralph Cudworth, English philosopher (b. 1617)
  • 1784 – Caesar Rodney, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1728)
  • 1793 – Gilbert White, English ornithologist (b. 1720)
  • 1810 – Joseph Michel Montgolfier, inventor of the hot air balloon (b. 1740)
  • 1836 – Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French composer (La Marseillaise) (b. 1760)
  • 1878 – Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (b. 1860)
  • 1918 – Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
  •  1922 – Albert I, Prince of Monaco (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Ford Madox Ford, English writer (b. 1873)
  • 1943 – Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist and physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1868)
  • 1946 – Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (b. 1880)
  • 1946 – Max Kögel, SS officer (b. 1895)
  • 1947 – Richard Bedford Bennett, eleventh Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1870)
  • 1949 – Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (b. 1876)
  • 1956 – Clifford Brown, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1930)
  • 1957 – Alfred Döblin, German writer (b. 1878)
  • 1958 – George Orton, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and United Nations diplomat (b. 1888)
  • 1964 – Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Françoise Dorléac, French actress (b. 1942)
  • 1975 – St. Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – Herman Rohde, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – William H. Riker, American political scientist (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – Roy Campanella, Major League baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Jahanara Imam, Bangladeshi writer and political activist (b. 1929)
  • 1996 – Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (b. 1958)
  • 1997 – Israel Kamakawiwo’ole, Hawaiian singer (b. 1959)
  • 2002 – Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Jay Berwanger, American football player (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroon footballer (b. 1975)
  • 2003 – Strom Thurmond, U.S. Senator (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Sir Dennis Thatcher MBE, husband of Margaret Thatcher (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Yash Johar, Indian film producer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Naomi Shemer, Israeli singer and song-writer (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Richard Whiteley, British television game show host (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Liz Claiborne, Belgian-born American fashion designer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Joey Sadler, All Black rugby player (b. 1914)

June 26 – Holidays:

  • International Day in Support of Torture Victims
  • International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
  • Madagascar: Independence Day
  • Thailand: Sunthorn Phu Day

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On This Day in History June 25

June 25 – Events:

  • 524 – Battle of Vézeronce, Franks defeat Burgundians.
  • 841 – Battle of Fontenay.
  • 1530 – The Augsburg Confession is presented at the Diet of Augsburg to the Holy Roman Emperor by the Lutheran princes and Electors of Germany.
  • 1678 – Elena Cornaro Piscopia is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy.
  • 1788 – Virginia becomes the 10th state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • 1876 – Battle of the Little Bighorn and the death of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer.
  • 1905 – Cullinan Diamond, the largest rough gem-quality diamond known, is discovered by Frederick Wells.
  • 1935 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Colombia were established.
  • 1938 – Dr. Douglas Hyde is inaugurated the first President of Ireland.
  • 1940 – France formally surrenders to Nazi Germany.
  • 1944 – The Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in the Nordic Countries begins.
  • 1947- The Diary of Anne Frank is published.
  • 1948 – The Berlin Airlift begins.
  • 1949 – Long-Haired Hare is released in Theaters starring Bugs Bunny and Giovanni Jones.
  • 1950 – The beginning of the Korean War, with the invasion of the South by the North.
  • 1967 – First global satellite television programme – Our World
  •  1975 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares Emergency in India, suspending civil liberties and elections.
  • 1975 – Mozambique achieved independence.
  • 1976 – Missouri Governor Christopher S. Bond issues an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order, formally apologizing on behalf of the state of Missouri for the suffering it had caused the Latter Day Saints.
  • 1981 – Microsoft Inc. is restructured to become an incorporated business in its home state of Washington.
  • 1982 – Greece abolishes headshaving of the recruits in the military.
  • 1991 – Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia.
  • 1993 – Kim Campbell is chosen as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and becomes the first female Prime Minister of Canada.
  • 1996 – The Khobar Towers bombing leaves 19 U.S. servicemen dead in Saudi Arabia.
  • 1997 – An unmanned Progress spacecraft collided with the Russian Space station, Mir.
  • 1998 – In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decides that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 is unconstitutional.
  • 2007 – United Kingdom floods, parts of Lincolnshire flood including Louth and Horncastle

June 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1242 – Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittanny (d. 1275)
  • 1328 – William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (d. 1397)
  • 1560 – Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (d. 1634)
  • 1612 – John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (d. 1634)
  • 1715 – Joseph-François Foulon, French politician (d. 1789)
  • 1755 – Princess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia (d. 1776)
  • 1814 – Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist (d. 1896)
  • 1852 – Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect (d. 1926)
  • 1858 – Georges Courteline, French dramatist (d. 1929)
  • 1860 – Gustave Charpentier, French composer (d. 1956)
  • 1863 – Emile Francqui, Belgian soldier (d. 1935)
  • 1864 – Walther Nernst, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1865 – Robert Henri, American painter (d. 1929)
  • 1884 – Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German art promoter (d. 1979)
  • 1886 – Henry H. Arnold, American Army Air Force commander (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – George Abbott, American playwright (d. 1995)
  • 1894 – Hermann Oberth, German physicist (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Viceroy of India (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa (d.1953)
  • 1903 – George Orwell (pen name of Eric Arthur Blair), British writer (d. 1950)
  • 1903 – Anne Revere, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – William Howard Stein, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1980)
  • 1912 – William T. Cahill, Governor of New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Cyril Fletcher, British comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Aimé Césaire, French poet, author, and politician
  • 1921 – Celia Franca, Canadian ballet dancer (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Nicholas Mosley, British writer
  • 1924 – Sidney Lumet, American film director
  • 1925 – June Lockhart, American actress
  • 1925 – Ted Stepien, American business (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian writer (d. 1973)
  • 1928 – Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1928 – Peyo, Belgian illustrator (d. 1992)
  • 1928 – Bill Russo, American jazz composer (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Eric Carle, American author
  • 1930 – Mary Beth Peil, American singer
  • 1932 – Peter Blake, British artist
  • 1933 – James Meredith, American civil rights activist
  • 1933 – Álvaro Siza Vieira, Portuguese architect
  • 1935 – Eddie Floyd, American singer
  • 1936 – Jusuf Habibie, President of Indonesia
  • 1939 – Harold Melvin, American musician (Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes) (d. 1997)
  • 1939 – Allen Fox, American Tennis Player
  • 1939 – Clint Warwick, English musician (The Moody Blues) (d. 2004)
  • 1940 – A.J. Quinnell, British writer (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Denys Arcand, Canadian film director
  • 1942 – Michel Tremblay, Canadian playwright
  • 1944 – Robert Charlebois, Canadian singer
  • 1945 – Carly Simon, American singer
  • 1946 – Roméo Dallaire, Canadian senator
  • 1946 – Ian McDonald, English musician (King Crimson and Foreigner)
  • 1947 – Jimmie Walker, American actor (Good Times)
  • 1952 – Tim Finn, New Zealand singer/songwriter
  • 1952 – Alan Green, Northern Irish BBC sports broadcaster/commentator
  • 1954 – David Paich, composer (Toto)
  • 1956 – Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (d. 2004)
  • 1959 – Jari Puikkonen, Finnish ski jumper, Winter Olympics medalist
  • 1960 – Craig Johnston, Australian soccer player
  • 1961 – Ricky Gervais, English comedian
  • 1962 – Phill Jupitus, English comedian and broadcaster
  • 1963 – Yann Martel, Canadian author
  • 1963 – George Michael, British musician
  • 1963 – Doug Gilmour, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Johnny Herbert, English race car driver
  • 1964 – Emma Suárez, Spanish actress
  • 1966 – Dikembe Mutombo, Congolese (DRC) basketball player
  • 1968 – Oleg Taktarov, Russian martial artist
  • 1969 – Matt Gallant, American television host
  • 1969 – Zim Zum, American musician (former Marilyn Manson guitarist)
  • 1970 – Lucy Benjamin, British actress
  • 1970 – Ariel Gore, American journalist and author
  • 1970 – Erki Nool, Estonian decathlete
  • 1970 – Roope Latvala, Finnish musician
  • 1971 – Angela Kinsey, American actress
  • 1971 – Santiago de Tezanos, Uruguayan architect
  • 1971 – Neil Lennon, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1971 – Michael Tucker, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Carlos Delgado, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1972 – Mike Kroeger, Canadian musician (Nickelback)
  • 1973 – Jamie Redknapp, English footballer
  • 1974 – Jim LaMarca, American bass guitarist (Chimaira)
  • 1974 – Karisma Kapoor, Indian actress
  • 1975 – Linda Cardellini, American actress
  • 1975 – Chenoa, Spanish singer
  • 1975 – Albert Costa, Spanish tennis player
  • 1975 – Vladimir Kramnik, Russian chess player
  • 1975 – Natasha Klauss, Colombian actress
  • 1976 – José Cancela, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976 – Dubravka Vukotic, Montenegrin female actor
  • 1978 – Aftab Shivdasani, Bollywood actor
  • 1978 – Layla El, 2006 WWE Diva Search winner
  • 1978 – Luke Scott, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Brandi Burkhardt, American vocalist, theater actress, and beauty queen
  • 1979 – Katie Doyle, American actress and reality television star
  • 1979 – Hirooki Goto, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Busy Philipps, American actress
  • 1979 – Richard Hughes, Scottish footballer
  • 1980 – Maja Latinovic, Serbian model
  • 1980 – Nozomi Takeuchi, Japanese actress
  • 1981 – Sheridan Smith, British actress
  • 1981 – Simon Ammann, Swiss ski jumper
  • 1981 – Pooja Umashankar, Indian actress
  • 1982 – Mikhail Youzhny, Russian tennis player
  • 1982 – Rain, Korean singer (Rain, Jeong Ji-Hoon)
  • 1983 – Todd Cooper, British swimmer
  • 1986 – Aya Matsuura, Japanese singer
  • 1986 – Charlie Davies, American soccer player
  • 1988 – Amanda Dowler, British murder victim (d. 2002)

June 25 – Deaths:

  • 635 – Emperor Gaozu, first emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty (b. 566)
  • 1134 – King Niels of Denmark
  • 1218 – Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader (b. 1160)
  • 1483 – Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English writer
  • 1522 – Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer (b. 1451)
  • 1533 – Mary Tudor, queen consort of Louis XII of France (b. 1496)
  • 1579 – Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1541)
  • 1593 – Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener (b. 1541)
  • 1634 – John Marston, English playwright (b. 1576)
  • 1638 – Juan Pérez de Montalbán, Spanish writer (b. 1602)
  • 1665 – Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (b. 1630)
  • 1669 – François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (b. 1616)
  • 1673 – Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d’Artagnan, Captain of the Musketeers under Louis XIV of France (b. 1611)
  • 1671 – Giovanni Battista Riccioli, Italian astronomer (b. 1598)
  • 1686 – Simon Ushakov, Russian painter (b. 1626)
  • 1715 – Jean du Casse, French admiral (b. 1646)
  • 1767 – Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (b. 1681)
  • 1792 – Thomas Peters, Early Sierra Leonean founder (b. 1738)
  • 1798 – Thomas Sandby, English architect (b. 1721)
  • 1822 – E.T.A. Hoffmann, German writer (b. 1776)
  • 1838 – François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo, French general (b. 1774)
  • 1861 – Abd-ul-Mejid, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1823)
  • 1866 – Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist (b. 1803)
  • 1868 – Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (b. 1811)
  • 1875 – Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor of gooches (b. 1796)
  • 1876 – George Armstrong Custer, U.S. Army officer (b. 1839)
  • 1876 – Thomas Custer, Brother of George A. Custer & 2-time Medal of Honor winner (b. 1845)
  • 1876 – Boston Custer, Brother of George A. Custer (b. 1848)
  • 1876 – James C. Calhoun, Brother-in-Law of George Armstrong Custer & U.S. Soldier (b. 1845)
  • 1876 – Myles Keogh, U.S. Soldier & Irish Soldier of Fortune (b. 1840)
  • 1882 – François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
  • 1884 – Hans Rott, Austrian composer (b. 1858)
  • 1916 – Thomas Eakins, American artist (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – Jake Beckley, baseball player (b. 1867)
  • 1937 – Colin Clive, British actor (b. 1900)
  • 1944 – Lucha Reyes, Mexican singer (b. 1906)
  • 1948 – William C. Lee, U.S. general (b. 1895)
  • 1949 – Buck Freeman, baseball player (b. 1871)
  • 1959 – Charles Starkweather, spree killer (b. 1938)
  • 1960 – Tommy Corcoran, baseball player (b. 1869)
  • 1971 – John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1880)
  • 1974 – Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Johnny Mercer, American songwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1979 – Philippe Halsman, American photographer (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – Alberto Ginastera, Argentine composer (b. 1916)
  • 1984 – Michel Foucault, French philosopher (b. 1926)
  • 1985 – Morris Mason, American murderer (b. 1954)
  • 1990 – Ronald Gene Simmons, American mass murderer
  • 1992 – Jerome Brown, American football player (b. 1965)
  • 1995 – Warren Burger, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Fred Feast, English actor (b. 1929)
  • 2002 – Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Lester Maddox, American businessman, one-time segregationist and Governor of Georgia (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – John Fiedler, American Actor (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Jaap Penraat, Dutch architect (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Mahasti, Persian singer (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – J. Fred Duckett, Texan sports announcer and teacher (b. 1933)

June 25 – Holidays:

  • Statehood Day in Slovenia and Croatia
  • National Catfish Day
  • Mozambique – Independence Day
  • Spain – Fiesta of Santa Orosia

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On This Day in History June 24

June 24 – Events:

  • 972 – Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces.
  • 1128 – Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães. Portuguese forces led by Alfonso I defeat his mother D.Teresa and D.Fernão Peres de Trava. After this battle, the future king calls himself “Prince of Portugal,” the first step towards “official independence” in 1139, after the Battle of Ourique.
  • 1314 – End of the Battle of Bannockburn. Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce defeat Edward II of England. Scotland regains its independence.
  • 1340 – Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Sluys The French fleet was almost totally destroyed by the English Fleet commanded in person by Edward III of England.
  • 1374 – A sudden outbreak of St. John’s Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion.
  • 1441 – Eton College founded.
  • 1497 – John Cabot lands on North America in Newfoundland; first European exploration of the region since the Vikings.
  • 1497 – Cornish traitors Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank executed at Tyburn, London
  • 1509 – Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon crowned King and Queen of England.
  • 1535 – The Anabaptist state of Münster is conquered and disbanded.
  • 1571 – Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founded Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines.
  • 1597 – The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reaches Bantam (on Java).
  • 1662 – Dutch attempt but fail to capture Macau.
  • 1664 – The colony of New Jersey is founded.
  • 1692 – Kingston, Jamaica is founded.
  • 1717 – The Grand Lodge of England, the first Freemasonic Grand Lodge (now the United Grand Lodge of England), is founded in London, England.
  • 1793 – First republican constitution in France adopted.
  • 1794 – Bowdoin College is founded.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon’s Grande Armée crosses the Neman River beginning his invasion of Russia.
  • 1813 – Battle of Beaver Dams : A British, and Indian joint force defeat the U.S Army.
  • 1821 – Battle of Carabobo – Battle of Carabobo was the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain.
  • 1859 – Battle of Solferino: (Battle of the Three Sovereigns). Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy.
  • 1880 – First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.
  • 1894 – Marie Francois Sadi Carnot assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.
  • 1901 – First exhibition of Pablo Picasso’s work opens.
  • 1902 – King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.
  • 1913 – Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria.
  • 1916 – Mary Pickford becomes first female film star to get million dollar contract.
  • 1916 – Battle of the Somme begins with a week-long artillery bombardment on the German Line.
  • 1918 – First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.
  • 1928 – With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada
  • 1932 – A military coup ends the absolute power of the king of Siam (Thailand).
  • 1938 – A 450 metric ton meteorite strikes the earth in an empty field near Chicora, Pennsylvania.
  • 1940 – France and Italy sign an armistice.
  • 1945 – Moscow Victory Parade
  • 1947 – Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.
  • 1948 – Start of the Berlin Blockade. The Soviet Union makes overland travel between the West with West Berlin impossible.
  • 1949 – The first Television Western, Hopalong Cassidy, is aired on NBC starring William Boyd.
  • 1957 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment.
  • 1963 – Zanzibar is granted internal self-government by the UK.
  • 1975 – An Eastern Air Lines Boeing 727 crashes at John F. Kennedy Airport, New York. 113 people die.
  • 1981 – What would be the world’s longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years, the Humber Bridge opens, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.
  • 1982 – British Airways Flight 9, sometimes referred to as the Jakarta incident, flew into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four engines.
  • 1983 – Space Shuttle program: STS-7 Mission Sally Ride, first female American astronaut, returns to earth.
  • 1985 – STS-51-G Space Shuttle Discovery completed its mission, best remembered for having Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the first Arab and first Muslim in space, as a Payload Specialist.
  • 1993 – Yale computer science professor Dr. David Gelernter loses the sight in one eye, the hearing in one ear, and part of his right hand after receiving a mail bomb from the Unabomber.
  • 1994 – A United States Air Force B-52 aircraft crashes at Fairchild Air Force Base, killing all four members of its crew.
  • 1995 – South Africa defeats New Zealand in the 1995 Rugby World Cup. The 1995 World cup was the first major sporting event in South Africa after Apartheid.
  • 2002 – The Igandu train disaster in Tanzania kills 281, the worst train accident in African history.
  • 2004 – Habib Dodo, the general secretary of the Communist Youth of Côte d’Ivoire is assassinated by pro-government forces.
  • 2004 – In New York, capital punishment was declared unconstitutional.
  • 2007 – The Angora Fire starts near South Lake Tahoe, California destroying 200+ structures in its first 48 hours.

June 24 – Birthdays:

  • 1244 – Henry I of Hesse (d. 1308)
  • 1343 – Jeanne de Valois, Queen of Navarre (d. 1473)
  • 1386 – Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian saint (d. 1456)
  • 1485 – Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (d. 1558)
  • 1519 – Theodore Beza, French theologian (d. 1605)
  • 1533 – Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (d. 1588)
  • 1535 – Joan of Spain, queen consort of Portugal (d. 1573)
  • 1542 – St. John of the Cross, Spanish Carmelite mystic and poet (d. 1591)
  • 1546 – Robert Parsons, English Jesuit priest (d. 1610)
  • 1663 – Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (d. 1742)
  • 1687 – Johann Albrecht Bengel, German scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1694 – Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Swiss publicist (d. 1748)
  • 1704 – Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d’Argens, French writer (d. 1771)
  • 1774 – François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo, French general (d. 1838)
  • 1777 – John Ross, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1856)
  • 1795 – Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (d. 1878)
  • 1803 – George James Webb, English-born composer (d. 1887)
  • 1804 – Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)
  • 1811 – John Archibald Campbell, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1889)
  • 1813 – Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman and reformer (d. 1887)
  • 1825 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1844)
  • 1826 – George Goyder, surveyor-general of South Australia (d. 1898)
  • 1842 – Ambrose Bierce, American author (disappeared 1914)
  • 1850 – Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum, British field marshal (d. 1916)
  • 1860 – Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1882 – Carl Diem, German Olympic official (d. 1962)
  • 1882 – Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (d. 1953)
  • 1883 – Victor Franz Hess, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1886 – George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)
  • 1888 – Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – Roy O. Disney, a founder of the Walt Disney Company (d. 1971)
  • 1895 – Jack Dempsey, American boxer (d. 1983)
  • 1897 – Daniel K. Ludwig, American shipping magnate (d. 1992)
  • 1900 – Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1901 – Harry Partch, American composer (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Phil Harris, American singer, songwriter and comedian (d. 1995)
  • 1906 – Pierre Fournier, French cellist (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Willard Maas, American educator and experimental filmmaker (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Arseny Tarkovsky, Russian poet (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Hugo Distler, German composer (d. 1942)
  • 1908 – Guru Gopinath, Indian classical dancer (d 1987)
  • 1908 – Alfons Rebane, Estonian military officer (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentine Formula One driver and five-time World Driving Champion (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Ernesto Sábato, Argentinian writer
  • 1912 – Brian Johnston, British cricket commentator (d 1994)
  • 1914 – Pearl Witherington CBE, British WW II secret agent
  • 1915 – Fred Hoyle, British astronomer (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra)
  • 1924 – Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1927 – Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1930 – Claude Chabrol, French film director
  • 1930 – William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Billy Casper, American golfer
  • 1934 – Jean-Pierre Ferland, Québec singer
  • 1935 – Terry Riley, American composer
  • 1938 – Lawrence Block, an acclaimed contemporary American crime writer
  • 1941 – Julia Kristeva, Bulgarian-French philosopher, psychoanalyst, and novelist
  • 1942 – Michele Lee, American actress
  • 1944 – Jeff Beck, English musician (The Yardbirds)
  • 1944 – Arthur Brown, English musician
  • 1944 – John “Charlie” Whitney, English guitarist (Family, Streetwalkers, Axis Point)
  • 1944 – Chris Wood, English musician (d. 1983)
  • 1945 – Colin Blunstone, English musician (The Zombies)
  • 1945 – George Pataki, American politician
  • 1945 – Wayne Cashman, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1946 – Ellison Onizuka, American astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1946 – David Collenette, Canadian politician
  • 1947 – Peter Weller, American actor
  • 1947 – Mick Fleetwood, English musician (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1948 – Patrick Moraz, Swiss keyboard player (Yes)
  • 1949 – John Illsley, English bassist (Dire Straits)
  • 1950 – Mercedes Lackey, American author
  • 1950 – Nancy Allen, American actress
  • 1952 – Stephen Pusey, British-born artist
  • 1953 – Ivo Lill, Estonian artist
  • 1955 – Gurumayi Chidvilasananda, Guru of Siddha Yoga
  • 1955 – Betsy Randle, American actress
  • 1956 – Joe Penny, English actor
  • 1958 – Curt Fraser, American ice hockey coach
  • 1958 – Jean Charest, Premier of Québec
  • 1958 – John Tortorella, American ice hockey coach
  • 1960 – Trisha Meili, the “Central Park Jogger”
  • 1960 – Karin Pilsäter, Swedish politician
  • 1961 – Dennis Danell, American musician (Social Distortion) (d. 2000)
  • 1961 – Iain Glen, Scottish actor
  • 1961 – Bernie Nicholls, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Curt Smith, English musician and songwriter (Tears for Fears)
  • 1963 – Anatoly Borisovich Jurkin, Russian writer
  • 1963 – Preki, Serbian-born American soccer player
  • 1963 – Mike Wieringo, American comic book artist (d. 2007)
  • 1964 – Gary Suter, American ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Hope Sandoval, American singer-songwriter
  • 1966 – Adrienne Shelly, American actress, director and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Bill Huard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Richard Kruspe-Bernstein, German musician (Rammstein)
  • 1967 – Janez Lapajne, Slovenian film director
  • 1967 – Scott Oden, American writer
  • 1967 – Sherry Stringfield, American actress
  • 1969 – Sissel Kyrkjebø, Norwegian singer
  • 1970 – Glenn Medeiros, American singer
  • 1972 – Robbie McEwen, Australian cyclist
  • 1972 – Denis Zvegelj, Slovenian rower
  • 1973 – Alexander Beyer, German actor
  • 1973 – Ji Jin Hee, South Korean actor
  • 1975 – Carla Gallo, American actress
  • 1975 – Marek Malik, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Louisa Leaman, English author
  • 1976 – Brock Olivo, American football player
  • 1977 – Dimosthenis Dikoudis, Greek basketball player
  • 1978 – Luis García, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Pantelis Kafes, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Shunsuke Nakamura, Japanese footballer
  • 1978 – Ariel Pink, American musician
  • 1978 – Juan Román Riquelme, Argentine footballer
  • 1978 – Erno “Emppu” Vuorinen, Finnish guitarist (Nightwish)
  • 1979 – Petra Nemcová, Czechoslovakian-born supermodel
  • 1979 – Craig Shergold, British internet folklore subject
  • 1980 – Cicinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Andrew Jones, Australian racing driver
  • 1980 – Minka Kelly, American actress
  • 1982 – Brian Fitzgerald, American writer
  • 1982 – Kevin Nolan, English footballer
  • 1982 – Mark Penney, Canadian film director
  • 1982 – Jarret Stoll, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Clint Bajada, Maltese television and radio presenter
  • 1984 – J.J. Redick, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Kyle Searles, American actor
  • 1985 – Yukina Shirakawa, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1986 – Stuart Broad, English cricketer
  • 1986 – Phil Hughes, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Solange Knowles, American singer
  • 1987 – Arturo Lupoli, Italian footballer
  • 1987 – Lionel Messi, Argentine footballer

June 24 – Deaths:

  • 803 – Higbald of Lindisfarne
  • 1398 – Hongwu Emperor of China (b. 1328)
  • 1439 – Duke Frederick IV of Austria (b. 1382)
  • 1519 – Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara (b. 1480)
  • 1520 – Hosokawa Sumimoto, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1489)
  • 1604 – Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (b. 1550)
  • 1637 – Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (b. 1580)
  • 1643 – John Hampden, English politician (b. 1595)
  • 1766 – Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (b. 1678)
  • 1778 – Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (b. 1714)
  • 1803 – Matthew Thornton, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1714)
  • 1817 – Thomas McKean, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1734)
  • 1835 – Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician, commander of Greek naval forces in Greek War of Independence (b. 1769)
  • 1894 – Marie François Sadi Carnot, French statesman (b. 1837)
  • 1908 – Grover Cleveland, President of the United States (heart failure) (b. 1837)
  • 1909 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American writer (b. 1849)
  • 1922 – Walther Rathenau, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (assassinated) (b. 1867)
  • 1935 – Carlos Gardel, Argentine singer (airplane crash) (b. 1890)
  • 1947 – Emil Seidel, Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (b. 1864)
  • 1968 – Tony Hancock, British comedian (b. 1924)
  • 1977 – André-Gilles Fortin, French Canadian politician (b. 1943)
  • 1978 – Robert Charroux, French writer (b. 1909)
  • 1984 – Clarence Campbell, Canadian NHL president (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Jackie Gleason, American actor and musician (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter
  • 1997 – Don Hutson, American athlete (b. 1913)
  • 1997 – Brian Keith, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Vera Atkins, Romanian-born British intelligence officer (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – David Tomlinson, English actor (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Pierre Werner, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Vladimir Garin, Russian actor (b. 1987)
  • 2004 – Ifigeneia Giannopoulou, Greek songwriter (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Paul Winchell, American voice actor and ventriloquist (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Hakham Yedidia Shofet, Former chief rabbi of Iran (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Patsy Ramsey, mother of JonBenét Ramsey (b. 1956)
  • 2007 – Byron Baer, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Derek Dougan, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Natasja Saad, Danish reggae and dancehall artist (b. 1974)

June 24 – Holidays:

  • Fête nationale du Québec, also called St-Jean-Baptiste Day
  • One of the four Irish Quarter days in the Irish Calendar.
  • Discovery Day in Newfoundland and Labrador (celebrating the 1497 discovery by John Cabot)
  • Inti Raymi in Cusco
  • Jani – Latvia
  • Battle of Carabobo Day in Venezuela (1821)
  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of Rahmat (Mercy) – First day of the sixth month of the Bahá’í calendar
  • Midsummer Day in England
  • Roman Catholic Church:

o   Feast of the birth of Saint John the Baptist, patron saint of Québec, brush makers and knife sharpeners; also Festival of San Juan observed in Bolivia and Peru, Jaaniõhtu in Estonia.

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On This Day in History June 23

June 23 – Events:

  • 1305 – Flemish-French peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge.
  • 1314 – Start of the Battle of Bannockburn south of Stirling, Edward II of England & Robert I of Scotland met in battle.
  • Scotland won and Edward fled the field and Scotland.
  • 1532 – Henry VIII and François I sign secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.
  • 1565 – Turgut Reis (Dragut), commander of the Ottoman Navy dies, during the Siege of Malta.
  • 1611 – The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson’s fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never heard from again.
  • 1661 – Marriage contract between Charles II of England & Catharina of Portugal.
  • 1683 – William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.
  • 1713 – French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada.
  • 1757 – Battle of Plassey – 3000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj Ud Daulah at Plassey.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Krefeld – British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.
  • 1760 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Landeshut – Austria beats Prussia.
  • 1794 – Empress of Russia Catherine II grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev.
  • 1810 – John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: Great Britain had revoked the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.
  • 1860 – The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: At Fort Towson in Oklahoma Territory Confederate General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army.
  • 1868 – Christopher Latham Sholes receives a patent for Type-Writer.
  • 1887 – The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada, creating that nation’s first national park, Banff National Park.
  • 1888 – Frederick Douglass is the first African-American nominated for US president.
  • 1894 – International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
  • 1917 – In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.
  • 1919 – Defeat of German forces at Cesis in northern Latvia during Estonian Liberation War, now celebrated annually as Estonian Victory Day.
  • 1926 – The College Board administers the first SAT exam.
  • 1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to circumnavigate the world in a single-engine plane.
  • 1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.
  • 1940 – World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France.
  • 1941 – Lithuanian Activist Front initiates Lithuanian 1941 independence from the Soviet Union; it lasted only briefly as the Nazis occupied Lithuania a few weeks later.
  • 1942 – World War II: The first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place on a trainload of Jews from Paris.
  • 1942 – World War II: Germany’s latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands in Wales.
  • 1943 – World War II: The British destroyers Eclipse and Laforey sink the Italian submarine Ascianghi in the Mediterranean after she torpedoes the cruiser HMS Newfoundland.
  • 1945 – The Imperial Japanese armed forces ended organized resistance to the U.S. armed forces in the Mabuni area on the southern tip of the main island of Okinawa.
  • 1947 – The United States Senate follows the United States House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry S. Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
  • 1955 – In the Strahov Stadium in Prague the 1st all-national Spartakiáda begins.
  • 1958 – The Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers.
  • 1959 – Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career).
  • 1959 – A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people.
  • 1967 – Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference.
  • 1967 – Mohawk Airlines Flight 40 crashes due to an incorrectly installed valve, killing all 34 on board.
  • 1968 – 74 are killed and 150 injured in a football stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires stadium.
  • 1969 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring chief Earl Warren.
  • 1972 – Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
  • 1972 – 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound.
  • 1973 – A fire at a house in Hull, England, which kills a six year old boy is passed off as an accident; it later emerges as the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale.
  • 1985 – A terrorist bomb aboard Air India flight 182 brings the Boeing 747 down off the coast of Ireland; killing all 329 people aboard.
  • 1990 – Moldavia declares independence.

June 23 – Birthdays:

  • 47 BC – Pharaoh Ptolemy XV of Egypt
  • 1373 – Queen Joan II of Naples (d. 1435)
  • 1433 – Francis II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1488)
  • 1456 – Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
  • 1534 – Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (d. 1582)
  • 1596 – Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (d. 1641)
  • 1612 – André Tacquet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1660)
  • 1668 – Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)
  • 1683 – Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (d. 1745)
  • 1703 – Maria Leszczynska, queen of Louis XV of France (d. 1768)
  • 1716 – Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (d. 1789)
  • 1750 – Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (d. 1801)
  • 1763 – Josephine de Beauharnais, Empress of France (d. 1814)
  • 1799 – John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
  • 1800 – Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and social activist (d. 1846)
  • 1824 – Carl Reinecke, German musician and composer (d. 1910)
  • 1884 – Cyclone Taylor, ice hockey player (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – Bronson M. Cutting, American politician (d. 1935)
  • 1889 – Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (d. 1956)
  • 1894 – King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Mathias Wieman, German actor (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – James Meade, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – David Lewis, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (d. 1987)
  • 1910 – Milt Hinton, American jazz bassist (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Alan Turing, English mathematician (d. 1954)
  • 1916 – Len Hutton, English cricketer (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Muhammad Boudiaf, Algerian political leader (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Hal Laycoe, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Miriam Karlin, English actress
  • 1927 – Bob Fosse, American choreographer (d. 1987)
  • 1929 – June Carter Cash, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Maurice Ferre, mayor of Miami
  • 1936 – Costas Simitis, Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1937 – Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland
  • 1940 – Adam Faith, English singer and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Lord Irvine of Lairg, Scottish Lord Chancellor
  • 1940 – Wilma Rudolph, American runner (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – Stuart Sutcliffe, English musician (The Beatles) (d. 1962)
  • 1941 – Robert Hunter, American lyricist and poet (The Grateful Dead)
  • 1941 – Richard M. Richie Roberts, Former Marine and New Jersey Police Detective, Criminal Defense Attorney
  • 1943 – James Levine, American conductor
  • 1943 – Vint Cerf, American Internet pioneer
  • 1945 – Kjell Albin Abrahamson, Swedish journalist and writer.
  • 1946 – Ted Shackleford, American actor
  • 1947 – Bryan Brown, Australian actor
  • 1948 – Clarence Thomas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1948 – Darhyl S. Ramsey, American author
  • 1948 – Myles Goodwyn, Canadian guitarist and vocalist (April Wine)
  • 1949 – Gordon Bray, Australian sports broadcaster
  • 1950 – Douglas C. Lord, Canadian businessman
  • 1951 – Michèle Mouton, French race car driver
  • 1955 – Glenn Danzig, American musician (The Misfits and Danzig)
  • 1955 – Jordan, British actress and model
  • 1955 – Jean Tigana, French footballer
  • 1955 – Pierre Corbeil, Quebec politician
  • 1956 – Randy Jackson, American music producer
  • 1957 – Frances McDormand, American actress
  • 1960 – Donald Harrison, American musician
  • 1960 – Tatsuya Uemura, Japanese musician and programmer
  • 1961 – Zoran Janjetov, Serbian comic artist
  • 1962 – Chuck Billy, American singer
  • 1962 – Kari Takko, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Kevin Yagher, TV/film special effects technician
  • 1963 – Colin Montgomerie, Scottish golfer
  • 1963 – Steve Shelley, American musician (Crucifucks and Sonic Youth)
  • 1964 – Joss Whedon, American producer, director, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Yun Lou, Chinese gymnast
  • 1965 – Paul Arthurs, British guitarist (Oasis)
  • 1966 – Chico DeBarge, American musician (DeBarge)
  • 1966 – Richie Ren, Taiwanese musician
  • 1967 – Paul King, New Zealand politician
  • 1967 – Helen Geake, British archaeologist
  • 1969 – Martin Klebba, American actor
  • 1970 – Robert Brooks, American football player
  • 1970 – Yann Tiersen, French musician
  • 1971 – Felix Potvin, Canadian hockey player
  • 1972 – Selma Blair, American actress
  • 1972 – Ron Corning, American television anchor
  • 1972 – Zinedine Zidane, French footballer
  • 1973 – Marie N, Latvian singer
  • 1974 – Joel Edgerton, Australian actor
  • 1975 – Kevin Dyson, American football player
  • 1975 – KT Tunstall, Scottish singer and songwriter
  • 1976 – Joe Becker, American musician
  • 1976 – Brandon Stokley, American football player
  • 1976 – Patrick Monahan, British comedian
  • 1976 – Patrick Vieira, French footballer
  • 1977 – Miguel Ángel Angulo, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Hayden Foxe, Australian footballer
  • 1977 – Jason Mraz, American singer and songwriter
  • 1978 – Memphis Bleek, American rapper
  • 1978 – Matt Light, American football player
  • 1979 – LaDainian Tomlinson, American football player
  • 1980 – Ramnaresh Sarwan, Guyanese cricketer
  • 1981 – Ni~ya, Japanese bassist
  • 1983 – Jason Berrent, American performer
  • 1988 – Isabella Leong Lok-Sze, Hong Kong singer, actress and model
  • 1988 – Chellsie Memmel, American gymnast

June 23 – Deaths:

  • 79 – Vespasian, Roman Emperor (b. 9)
  • 1018 – Henry I of Austria
  • 1516 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)
  • 1555 – Pedro Mascarenhas, Portuguese explorer (b. 1470)
  • 1582 – Shimizu Muneharu, Japanese military leader (b. 1537)
  • 1615 – Mashita Nagamori, Japanese warlord (b. 1545)
  • 1677 – Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1647)
  • 1686 – William Coventry, English statesman
  • 1707 – John Mill, English theologian
  • 1733 – Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar (b. 1672)
  • 1770 – Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (b. 1721)
  • 1775 – Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (b. 1692)
  • 1779 – Ras Mikael Sehul, warlord of Ethiopia (b. about 1691)
  • 1806 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1856 – Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1832 – James Hall, Scottish geologist (b. 1761)
  • 1891 – Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (b. 1804)
  • 1893 – Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
  • 1926 – Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • 1956 – Reinhold Glière, Russian composer (b. 1875)
  • 1959 – Boris Vian, French writer and musician (b. 1920)
  • 1969 – Volmari Iso-Hollo, Finnish athlete (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Clyfford Still, American painter (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fourth President of India (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Zarah Leander, Swedish actress and singer (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – Vincent Chin, Chinese-American hate crime victim (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Werner Best, German jurist and nazi leader (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Eric Andolsek, American football player (b. 1966)
  • 1995 – Jonas Salk, American medical researcher (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Anatoly Tarasov, Russian ice hockey coach (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
  • 1998 – Maureen O’Sullivan, Irish actress (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Buster Merryfield, British actor (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Yvonne Dionne, one of the Canadian Dionne quintuplets (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Pedro ‘El Rockero’ Alcazar, Panamanian boxer (b. 1975)
  • 2003 – Maynard Jackson, Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Shana Alexander, American columnist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Aaron Spelling, American television producer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Luke Graham, wrestler, and one-half of first-ever WWF Tag Team Champions (b. 1940)
  • 2006 – Harriet, a 175 year old tortoise (b. 1830)
  • 2007 – Rod Beck, baseball player (b. 1968)

June 23 – Holidays:

  • Midsummer’s Eve, Christianized as the eve of the feast of Saint John the Baptist, is celebrated in much of Northern Europe and the British Isles
  • Victory Day – Estonia
  • Father’s Day – Poland, Nicaragua and Uganda
  • Grand Duke’s Official Birthday – Luxembourg

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On This Day in History June 22

June 22 – Events:

  • 217 BC – Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom
  • 168 BC – Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War
  • 1593 – Battle of Sisak: Croat troops defeat the Turks
  • 1633 – The Holy Office in Rome forces Galileo Galilei to recant his scientific view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.
  • 1783 – Poisonous cloud from Laki volcanic eruption in Iceland reaches Le Havre in France.
  • 1812 – Napoleon declares war to Russia
  • 1815 – Second abdication of Napoleon
  • 1825 – British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North  America.
  • 1844 – Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University.
  • 1848 – Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • 1866 – Battle of Custoza: an Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War.
  • 1893 – The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rams the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria which sinks taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet’s commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: United States Marines land in Cuba.
  • 1911 – George V is crowned King of the United Kingdom, succeeding his father, Edward VII.
  • 1918 – Hammond circus train wreck kills 86 and injures 127 near Hammond, Indiana.
  • 1937 – Camille Chautemps becomes Prime Minister of France
  • 1940 – France forced to sign the Second Compiègne armistice with Nazi Germany.
  • 1941 – Nazi Germany invades the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, one of the most dramatic turning points of World War II.
  • 1941 – First anti-fascist armed unit in occupied Europe founded by Croatian partisans near Sisak,  Croatia.
  • 1941 – The Lithuanian 1941 independence begins
  • 1941 – Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group.
  • 1944 – Opening day of the Soviet Union’s Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • 1954 – Murder of Honora Parker in Christchurch (New Zealand) by her daughter Pauline Parker and her girlfriend Juliet Hulme, both 16 years old.
  • 1957 – Soviet Union launches R-12 missile for the first time (in Kapustin Yar)
  • 1962 – An Air France Boeing 707 jet crashes in bad weather in Guadeloupe, West Indies killing 113
  • 1963 – Giovanni Cardinal Montini elected Pope by the College of Cardinals, and takes the name Pope Paul VI.
  • 1969 – The Cuyahoga River caught fire, which triggered a crack-down on pollution in the river.
  • 1976 – Canadian House of Commons abolishes capital punishment.
  • 1978 – Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, is discovered.
  • 2002 – An earthquake in western Iran measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale kills more than 261 people.

June 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1680 – Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
  • 1684 – Francesco Manfredini, Italian baroque composer (d. 1762)
  • 1704 – John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1713 – Lord John Philip Sackville, English cricketer (d. 1765)
  • 1738 – Jacques Delille, French poet and translator (d. 1813)
  • 1757 – George Vancouver, British explorer (d. 1798)
  • 1767 – Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
  • 1805 – Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian politician (d. 1872)
  • 1837 – Paul Morphy, American chess master (d. 1884)
  • 1845 – Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
  • 1856 – H. Rider Haggard, English author (d. 1925)
  • 1861 – Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
  • 1864 – Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (d. 1909)
  • 1871 – William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
  • 1879 – Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – James Rector, American athlete (d. 1949)
  • 1885 – Milan Vidmar, Slovenian engineer and chess player (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Julian Huxley, British biologist (d. 1975)
  • 1888 – Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – Norbert Elias, German sociologist (d. 1990)
  • 1898 – Erich Maria Remarque, German writer (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Michal Kalecki, Polish economist (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (d. 1950)
  • 1903 – Carl Hubbell, baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
  • 1906 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and pilot (d. 2001)
  • 1906 – Billy Wilder, Austrian-born director (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – Mike Todd, American film producer (d. 1958)
  • 1909 – Maurice Adler, American film producer (d. 1960)
  • 1910 – Peter Pears, English tenor (d. 1986)
  • 1910 – Konrad Zuse, German engineer (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)
  • 1919 – Gower Champion, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1980)
  • 1920 – Paul Frees, American voice actor (d. 1986)
  • 1921 – Joseph Papp, American director and producer (d. 1991)
  • 1922 – Bill Blass, American fashion designer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Geza Vermes, Hungarian author and scholar of religious history and the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • 1927 – Ann Petersen, Belgian actress (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Yuri Artyukhin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
  • 1932 – Prunella Scales, English actress
  • 1933 – Dianne Feinstein, American politician
  • 1933 – Jacques Martin, French TV host (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Libor Pešek, Czech conductor
  • 1936 – Kris Kristofferson, American singer/songwriter and actor
  • 1936 – Hermeto Pascoal, Brazilian musician
  • 1939 – Don Matthews, American football coach in the CFL
  • 1940 – Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter
  • 1940 – Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian filmmaker/poet
  • 1941 – Ed Bradley, American journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Michael Lerner, American actor
  • 1943 – Brit Hume, American news anchor and commentator
  • 1943 – Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
  • 1944 – Klaus Maria Brandauer, Austrian actor
  • 1944 – Peter Asher, British singer, guitarist and producer (Peter & Gordon)
  • 1946 – Eliades Ochoa, Cuban guitarist (Buena Vista Social Club)
  • 1947 – Octavia Butler, American author (d. 2006)
  • 1947 – Jerry Rawlings, former President of Ghana
  • 1947 – David Lander, American actor and baseball scout
  • 1947 – Howard Kaylan, founding member of The Turtles
  • 1947 – Pete Maravich, American basketball player (d. 1988)
  • 1948 – Todd Rundgren, American songwriter and record producer
  • 1949 – Meryl Streep, American actress
  • 1949 – Lindsay Wagner, American actress
  • 1949 – Alan Osmond, American singer
  • 1952 – Graham Greene, Canadian actor
  • 1953 – Cyndi Lauper, American singer
  • 1953 – Bruce McAvaney, Australian sports broadcaster
  • 1954 – Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
  • 1956 – Tim Russ, American actor
  • 1955 – Green Gartside, Welsh singer songwriter
  • 1957 – Garry Gary Beers, Australian bassist from group INXS
  • 1957 – Danny Baker, English comedy writer and radio presenter
  • 1958 – Bruce Campbell, American actor
  • 1959 – Wayne Federman, American comedian
  • 1959 – Nicola Sirkis, French singer and lyricist (Indochine)
  • 1959 – Mike O’Meara, co-host of Don and Mike Show
  • 1961 – Jimmy Sommerville, Scottish singer (Bronski Beat, Communards)
  • 1962 – Clyde Drexler, former American NBA player
  • 1962 – Stephen Chow, Hong Kong actor and director
  • 1962 – Bobby Gillespie, Scottish musician (Primal Scream)
  • 1963 – Randy Couture, American mixed martial artist
  • 1964 – Dan Brown, American author
  • 1965 – Lubomír Moravcík, Slovakian footballer
  • 1966 – Michael Park, WRC co-pilot (d. 2005)
  • 1966 – Emmanuelle Seigner, French actress
  • 1968 – Darrell Armstrong, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Steven Page, Canadian singer (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1970 – Michel Elefteriades, Greek-Lebanese politician, artist, producer and businessman
  • 1971 – Mary Lynn Rajskub, American actress
  • 1971 – Kurt Warner, American football player
  • 1973 – Carson Daly, American television personality
  • 1974 – Donald Faison, American actor
  • 1974 – Joseph Vijay,Tamil actor also called “Ilaya thalapathy”
  • 1975 – Andreas Klöden, German professional road bicycle racer
  • 1975 – Laila Rouass, Moroccan-Indian actress
  • 1976 – Gordon Moakes, English musician (Bloc Party)
  • 1978 – Champ Bailey, American football player
  • 1978 – Jai Rodriguez, American TV personality
  • 1978 – Dan Wheldon, British race car driver
  • 1979 – Joey Cheek, American speed skater
  • 1979 – Thomas Voeckler, French road bicycle racer
  • 1979 – Brad Hawpe, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Chris Urbanowicz, guitarist of British rock band Editors
  • 1982 – Soraia Chaves, Portuguese actress and model
  • 1982 – Ian Kinsler, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Jerome Taylor, West Indies international cricketer
  • 1984 – Janko Tipsarevic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1985 – Rosa Kato, Italian-Japanese model and actress
  • 1988 – Kieran Lee, English football player

June 22 – Deaths:

  • 1276 – Pope Innocent V
  • 1429 – Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
  • 1535 – John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester (executed)
  • 1632 – James Whitelocke, English judge (b. 1570)
  • 1634 – Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
  • 1699 – Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
  • 1714 – Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
  • 1868 – Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (b. 1801)
  • 1874 – Howard Staunton, English chess master (b. 1810)
  • 1892 – Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (b. 1819)
  • 1894 – Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian archbishop (b. 1823)
  • 1905 – Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • 1913 – Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (b. 1875)
  • 1925 – Felix Klein, German mathematician (b. 1849)
  • 1928 – A. B. Frost, American illustrator (b. 1851)
  • 1931 – Armand Fallières, French president (b. 1841)
  • 1932 – Tommy Treichel, American professional wrestler (b. 1892)
  • 1933 – Henry Birkin, British racing driver (b. 1896)
  • 1935 – Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian, diplomat and politician (b. 1866)
  • 1959 – Hermann Brill, German politician (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – Maria of Romania, Queen Consort of Yugoslavia (b. 1900)
  • 1963 – Maria Tanase, Romanian singer of traditional and popular music (b. 1913)
  • 1964 – Havank, Dutch writer (b. 1904)
  • 1965 – David O. Selznick, American film producer (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Judy Garland, American singer and actress (b. 1922)
  • 1974 – Horace Lindrum, Australian snooker and billiards player (b. 1912)
  • 1974 – Darius Milhaud, French composer (b. 1892)
  • 1977 – Peter Laughner, American singer, songwriter and guitarist (Rocket From the Tombs, Pere Ubu) (b. 1952)
  • 1979 – Louis Chiron, Monaco race car driver (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Joseph Losey, American theater and film director (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Fred Astaire, American dancer and actor (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Dennis Day, American singer and actor (b. 1916)
  • 1989 – Lucien Saulnier, French Canadian politician (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Chuck Mitchell, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1993 – Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Otto Bradfisch, Nazi leader (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Al Hansen, American artist (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Ted Gärdestad, Swedish singer (b. 1956)
  • 1997 – Don Henderson, English actor (b. 1932)
  • 1997 – Gérard Pelletier, French Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Darryl Kile, American baseball player (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Ann Landers, American columnist (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Mattie Stepanek, American poet (b. 1990)
  • 2004 – Bob Bemer, computer scientist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
  • 2006 – Moose (dog actor), dog actor popular for role on Frasier (b. 1990)
  • 2007 – Nancy Benoit, former professional wrestling valet(b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Erik Parlevliet, Dutch field hockey player (b. 1964)

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On This Day in History June 21

June 21 – Events:

  • 524 – Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce.
  • 1582 – Incident at Honno-ji in Kyoto, Japan.
  • 1621 – Execution of 27 Czech noblemen on the Old Town Square in Prague as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain.
  • 1665 – First soldiers of Le Régiment de Carignan-Salières arrive at Quebec to invade Iroquois territories.
  • 1734 – In Montreal in New France (today primarily Quebec), a black slave known by the French name of Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city, was tortured and hanged by the French authorities in a public ceremony that involved her disgrace and the amputation of a hand.
  • 1749 – Halifax, Nova Scotia, founded.
  • 1788 – New Hampshire ratifies the Constitution and is thus admitted as the 9th state in the United States.
  • 1798 – Irish Rebellion of 1798: The British Army defeats Irish rebels at Battle of Vinegar Hill
  • 1813 – Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria
  • 1813 – Laura Secord sets out to warn British forces of an impending U.S. attack on Queenston, Ontario during the War of 1812.
  • 1824 – Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea.
  • 1826 – Maniots defeat Egyptians under Ibrahim Pasha in the Battle of Vergas
  • 1854 – First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands.
  • 1864 – New Zealand Land Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends.
  • 1877 – The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania Prisons.
  • 1898 – Guam becomes a U.S. territory.
  • 1915 – The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.
  • 1919 – Royal Canadian Mounted Police fire a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during the Winnipeg General Strike.
  • 1919 – Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttles the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The nine sailors killed were the last casualties of the First World War.
  • 1940 – World War II: France surrenders to Germany.
  • 1940 – First successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • 1942 – World War II: Tobruk falls to Italian and German forces.
  • 1942 – World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaces near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by the Japanese against the U.S. mainland.
  • 1945 – World War II: Battle of Okinawa ends.
  • 1948 – The “Manchester Baby” (SSEM) runs the first ever computer program stored in electronic memory.
  • 1952 – Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, was converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
  • 1957 – Ellen Louks Fairclough sworn in as Canada’s first woman Cabinet Minister
  • 1964 – Three civil rights workers, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Mickey Schwerner, are murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, United States, by members of the Ku Klux Klan.
  • 1973 – In handing down the decision in Miller v. California 413 US 15, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the Miller Test, which now governs obscenity in U.S. law.
  • 1982 – John Hinckley is found not guilty by reason of insanity for the attempted assassination of U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
  • 2000 – Section 28 (outlawing the ‘promotion’ of homosexuality in the United Kingdom) repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote.
  • 2001 – A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Va., indicted 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen.
  • 2002 – The World Health Organization declares Europe polio free.
  • 2004 – SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.
  • 2006 – Pluto’s newly discovered moons are officially christened Nix & Hydra.

June 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1002 – Pope Leo IX (d. 1054)
  • 1226 – King Boleslaus V of Poland (d. 1279)
  • 1528 – Maria of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress (1603)
  • 1535 – Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (d. 1596)
  • 1639 – Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister (d. 1723)
  • 1646 – Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German philosopher and scientist (d. 1716)
  • 1646 – Maria Francisca of Nemours, queen of Portugal (d. 1683)
  • 1676 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1712 – Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (d. 1790)
  • 1730 – Motoori Norinaga, Japanese scholar (d. 1801)
  • 1732 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (d. 1791)
  • 1736 – Enoch Poor, American general in the Continental Army (d. 1780)
  • 1759 – Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier (d. 1817)
  • 1763 – Pierre Paul Royer-Collard, French philosopher (d. 1845)
  • 1764 – Sidney Smith, British admiral (d. 1840)
  • 1774 – Daniel D. Tompkins, Congressman, Governor of New York, and sixth Vice President of the United States (d. 1825)
  • 1781 – Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1840)
  • 1782 – Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general (d. 1852)
  • 1788 – Princess Augusta of Bavaria (d. 1850)
  • 1791 – Robert Napier, British engineer (d. 1876)
  • 1798 – Wolfgang Menzel, German writer (d. 1873)
  • 1805 – Charles Thomas Jackson, American scientist, polymath (d. 1880)
  • 1811 – Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1812 – Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist (d. 1875)
  • 1823 – Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (d. 1873)
  • 1825 – William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford (d. 1901)
  • 1828 – Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (d. 1904)
  • 1839 – Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (d. 1908)
  • 1850 – Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (d. 1941)
  • 1858 – Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (d. 1928)
  • 1859 – Henry Ossawa Tanner, American painter (d. 1937)
  • 1862 – Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (d. 1943)
  • 1863 – Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1864 – Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss art historian (d. 1945)
  • 1868 – Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist (d. 1946)
  • 1870 – Clara Immerwahr, German chemist (d. 1915)
  • 1876 – Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (d. 1956)
  • 1880 – Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – Rockwell Kent, American artist (d. 1971)
  • 1882 – Lluís Companys i Jover, Spanish politician (d. 1940)
  • 1883 – Fyodor Gladkov, Russian writer (d. 1958)
  • 1884 – Claude Auchinleck, British field marshal (d. 1981)
  • 1887 – Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist (d. 1956)
  • 1889 – Ralph Craig, American athlete (d. 1972)
  • 1891 – Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian architect (d. 1979)
  • 1891 – Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (d. 1966)
  • 1892 – Reinhold Niebuhr, Protestant theologian (d. 1971)
  • 1893 – Alois Hába, Czech composer (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Charles B. Momsen, American inventor (d. 1967)
  • 1898 – Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer (d. 1964)
  • 1902 – Howie Morenz, professional ice hockey player (d. 1937)
  • 1903 – Al Hirschfeld, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1905 – Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (declined) (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Harold Spina, American composer (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – William Frankena, American philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Soviet poet (d. 1971)
  • 1912 – Mary McCarthy, American writer (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot and officer of the Home Army’s intelligence and counterintelligence (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – William Vickrey, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Joseph Cyril Bamford, English inventor and industrialist
  • 1916 – Buddy O’Connor, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – James Clyde Mitchell, English sociologist and anthropologist
  • 1919 – Gérard Pelletier, French Canadian journalist, politician, and diplomat (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Vladimir Simagin, Russian chess master and teacher
  • 1919 – Paolo Soleri, Italian-born American architect
  • 1921 – Judy Holliday, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1921 – Jane Russell, American actress
  • 1921 – Jean de Broglie, French politician
  • 1923 – Jacques Hébert, French Canadian author, journalist and politician
  • 1924 – Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and pioneering museum director (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Jean Laplanche, French psychoanalytic thinker
  • 1924 – Max McNab, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Giovanni Spadolini, Italian politician (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Maureen Stapleton, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Conrad Hall, Tahitian-born cinematographer (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Carl Stokes, Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1929 – Alexandre Lagoya, Greek-Italian classical guitarist (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Sir Gerald Kaufman, British politician
  • 1930 – Mike McCormack, American professional football player
  • 1931 – Margaret Mary O’Shaughnessy Heckler, U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • 1932 – O.C. Smith, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1932 – Lalo Schifrin, Argentine pianist and composer
  • 1935 – Françoise Sagan, French writer (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Ron Ely, American actor
  • 1939 – Ruben Berrios, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1940 – Mariette Hartley, American actress
  • 1940 – Michael Ruse, Canadian philosopher
  • 1941 – Joe Flaherty, American-Canadian actor
  • 1942 – Togo D. West, Jr., American attorney and public official
  • 1942 – Dan Henning, American football player
  • 1942 – Henry S. Taylor, American writer
  • 1943 – Salomé, Spanish singer
  • 1944 – Ray Davies, English musician (The Kinks)
  • 1944 – Corinna Tsopei, Greek beauty pageant winner, the first Greek Miss Universe
  • 1945 – Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher, poet
  • 1946 – Brenda Holloway, American musician
  • 1946- Trond Kirkvaag, Norwegian comedian and author
  • 1947 – Meredith Baxter, American actress
  • 1947 – Michael Gross, American actor
  • 1947 – Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1947 – Joey Molland, English musician (Badfinger)
  • 1948 – Ian McEwan, English writer
  • 1948 – Lionel Rose, Australian boxer
  • 1948 – Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer
  • 1950 – Anne Carson, Canadian poet
  • 1950 – Joey Kramer, American drummer and percussionist (Aerosmith)
  • 1950 – Vasilis Papakonstantinou, Greek singer and musician
  • 1950 – Gérard Lanvin, French actor
  • 1951 – Nils Lofgren, American musician
  • 1952 – Kôichi Mashimo, Japanese anime director
  • 1953 – Benazir Bhutto, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2007)
  • 1953 – Michael Bowen, American actor
  • 1954 – Müjde Ar, Turkish actress
  • 1954 – Mark Kimmitt, US Army general
  • 1954 – Anne Kirkbride, English actress
  • 1954 – Robert Menasse, Austrian writer
  • 1954 – Augustus Pablo, Jamaican musician (d. 1999)
  • 1954 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1955 – Tim Bray, Canadian computer programmer
  • 1955 – Leigh McCloskey, American actor
  • 1955 – Michel Platini, French footballer
  • 1957 – Berkeley Breathed, American cartoonist and author
  • 1957 – Lucien DeBlois, professional ice hockey player
  • 1958 – Gennady Padalka, cosmonaut
  • 1959 – Tom Chambers, American basketball player
  • 1959 – Marcella Detroit, singer and songwriter (Shakespeare’s Sister)
  • 1959 – Kathy Mattea, American country singer
  • 1961 – Kip Winger, American musician
  • 1962 – Viktor Tsoi, Russian musician
  • 1962 – Takeshi Asami, Japanese racing driver
  • 1964 – Doug Savant, American actor
  • 1964 – Sammi Davis, British actor
  • 1965 – Larry Wachowski, film director
  • 1965 – Yang Liwei, Chinese astronaut
  • 1966 – Rudi Bakhtiar, American journalist
  • 1966 – Mancow Muller, American radio personality
  • 1966 – Nan Woods, American actress
  • 1967 – Jim Breuer, American comedian
  • 1967 – Pierre Omidyar, founder of eBay
  • 1967 – Derrick Coleman, American basketball player
  • 1968 – Sonique, British DJ
  • 1968 – Alisyn Camerota, American journalist
  • 1968 – Gretchen Carlson, American journalist
  • 1969 – Gabriella Paruzzi, Italian skier
  • 1970 – Sindee Coxx, American pornographic actress
  • 1970 – Pete Rock, American rapper/producer
  • 1971 – Marianne Lie Berg, Norwegian philosopher
  • 1971 – Anette Olzon, Swedish singer
  • 1972 – Alon Hilu, Israeli writer
  • 1972 – Neil Doak, former Irish cricketer
  • 1973 – Juliette Lewis, American actress
  • 1974 – Natasha Desborough, British radio personality
  • 1974 – Craig Lowndes, Australian racing driver
  • 1976 – Mike Einziger, American musician (Incubus)
  • 1976 – Nigel Lappin, Australian footballer
  • 1977 – Jochen Hecht, German ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Cristiano Lupatelli, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Jack Guzman, American actor
  • 1978 – Erica Durance, Canadian actress
  • 1979 – Chris Pratt, American actor
  • 1980 – Sendy Rleal, Dominican baseball player
  • 1980 – Richard Jefferson, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Brandon Flowers, American singer and keyboardist (The Killers)
  • 1981 – Yann Danis, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Prince William of Wales, British prince
  • 1984 – Alicia Alighatti, American pornographic actress
  • 1984 – Franck Perera, French racing driver
  • 1985 – Anthony Morelli, American football player
  • 1985 – Byron Schammer, AFL footballer
  • 1987 – Dale Thomas, AFL footballer

June 21 – Deaths:

  • 1305 – King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (b. 1271)
  • 1377 – King Edward III of England (b. 1312)
  • 1527 – Niccolò Machiavelli, Italian historian and political author (b. 1469)
  • 1529 – John Skelton, English poet
  • 1547 – Sebastiano del Piombo, Italian painter (b. 1485)
  • 1582 – Oda Nobunaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1534)
  • 1591 – Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (b. 1568)
  • 1621 – Kryštof Harant, Polish soldier, writer, and composer (b. 1564)
  • 1652 – Inigo Jones, English architect (b. 1573)
  • 1738 – Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)
  • 1796 – Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1710)
  • 1824 – Étienne Aignan, French writer (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Frances Adeline Seward, wife of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (b. 1824)
  • 1874 – Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1814)
  • 1893 – Leland Stanford, American business tycoon and founder of Stanford University
  • 1908 – Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (b. 1844)
  • 1914 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b.  1843)
  • 1934 – Thorne Smith, American author (b. 1892)
  • 1940 – Smedley Butler, American Marine general (b. 1881)
  • 1951 – Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer (b. 1867)
  • 1952 – Wilfrid ‘Wop’ May, Canadian aviation pioneer (b. 1896)
  • 1954 – Gideon Sundback, invented the zipper (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1964 – James Chaney, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
  • 1964 – Andrew Goodman, American civil rights activist (b. 1943)
  • 1964 – Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (b. 1939)
  • 1969 – Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (b. 1934)
  • 1970 – Sukarno, President of Indonesia (b. 1901)
  • 1976 – Margaret Herrick, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences director (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Angus Maclise, American mystic, shaman, musician, and composer (b. 1938)
  • 1980 – Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1985 – Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1901)
  • 1986 – Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer and author (b. 1923)
  • 1993 – Ticho Parly, Danish tenor (b. 1928)
  • 1997 – Shintaro Katsu, Japanese entertainer (b. 1931)
  • 1997 – Fidel Velázquez Sánchez, Mexican labour leader (b. 1900)
  • 1998 – Al Campanis, American baseball executive (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Kami, Japanese drummer (Malice Mizer) (b. 1973)
  • 2000 – Alan Hovhaness, American composer (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – John Lee Hooker, American musician (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Carroll O’Connor, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Roger Neilson, Canadian ice hockey coach (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Leon Uris, American writer (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Leonel Brizola, Brazilian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Bob Evans, American restaurateur (b. 1918)

June 21 – Holidays:

  • Summer solstice (Northern Hemisphere) and winter solstice (Southern Hemisphere) celebrations
  • National Aboriginal Day in Canada (starting in 1996)
  • Midsummer – Neopagan festival – Litha
  • National Day of Greenland
  • Fête de la Musique World Music Day, since 1982.
  • National Go Skateboarding Day

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On This Day in History June 20

June 20 – Events:

  • 451 – Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius’ victory over Attila the Hun.
  • 1214 – University of Oxford receives its charter.
  • 1631 – The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates.
  • 1685 – Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth declares himself King of England at Bridgwater.
  • 1756 – British garrison imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta.
  • 1782 – The U.S. Congress adopts the Great Seal of the United States.
  • 1787 – Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United  States.
  • 1789 – Deputies of the French Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath.
  • 1791 – King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family begin the Flight to Varennes.
  • 1819 – The U.S. vessel SS Savannah arrives at Liverpool, United Kingdom. She is the first steam-propelled vessel to cross the Atlantic, but most of the journey was made under sail.
  • 1837 – Queen Victoria succeeds to the British throne.
  • 1862 – Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
  • 1863 – West Virginia is admitted as the 35th U.S. state.
  • 1877 – Alexander Graham Bell installs world’s first commercial telephone service in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
  • 1893 – Lizzie Borden is acquitted of murdering her stepmother and father.
  • 1919 – 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1948 – Toast of the Town, later The Ed Sullivan Show, debuts.
  • 1956 – A Venezuelan Super-Constellation crashed in Atlantic Ocean off Asbury Park, New Jersey killing 74 people.
  • 1960 – Independence of Mali and Senegal.
  • 1963 – The so-called “red telephone” is established between Soviet Union and United States following the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • 1973 – Ezeiza massacre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Snipers fired upon left-wing peronists. At least 13 are killed and more than 300 injured.
  • 1990 – Asteroid Eureka discovered.
  • 1991 – German parliament decides to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.

June 20 – Birthdays:

  • 1005 – Ali az-Zahir, caliph (d. 1036)
  • 1389 – John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (d. 1435)
  • 1566 – King Sigismund III Vasa (d. 1632)
  • 1583 – Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (d. 1652)
  • 1634 – Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (d. 1675)
  • 1642 – George Hickes, English minister and scholar (d. 1715)
  • 1647 – John George III, Elector of Saxony (d. 1691)
  • 1717 – Jacques Saly, French sculptor (d. 1776)
  • 1723 – Adam Ferguson, Scottish philosopher and historian (d. 1816)
  • 1723 – Theophilus Lindsey, English theologian (d. 1808)
  • 1733-Betty Washington- sister of George Washington
  • 1737 – Tokugawa Ieharu, Japanese military (d. 1786)
  • 1756 – Joseph Martin Kraus, Swedish composer (d. 1792)
  • 1763 – Wolfe Tone, Irish patriot (d. 1798)
  • 1770 – Moses Waddel, American educator/minister and bestselling author (d. 1840)
  • 1771 – Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
  • 1786 – Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (d. 1859)
  • 1808 – Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (d. 1888)
  • 1819 – Jacques Offenbach, German-born French composer (d. 1880)
  • 1858 – Charles W. Chesnutt, American writer (d. 1932)
  • 1860 – Jack Worrall, Australian cricketer, footballer, and coach (d. 1937)
  • 1861 – Frederick Hopkins, English biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – George Carpenter, the 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)
  • 1885 – Andrzej Gawronski, Polish scholar (d. 1927)
  • 1887 – Kurt Schwitters, German painter and writer (d. 1948)
  • 1889 – John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1891 – John A. Costello, second Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Lloyd Hall, American chemist (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Wilfrid Pelletier, French Canadian conductor (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Elisabeth Hauptmann, German writer (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader (d. 1943)
  • 1905 – Lillian Hellman, American playwright (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Jimmy Driftwood, American songwriter and musician (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – Errol Flynn, Australian actor (d. 1959)
  • 1911 – Gail Patrick, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1912 – Anthony Buckeridge, English author (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Dick Reynolds, Australian rules footballer and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Terence Young, British film director (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Jean-Jacques Bertrand, premier of Quebec (d. 1973)
  • 1917 – Igor Smialowski, Polish actor (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – George Lynch, American auto racer (d. 1997)
  • 1918 – Zoltán Sztáray, Hungarian writer
  • 1920 – Hans Gerschwiler, Swiss figure skater
  • 1924 – Chet Atkins, American guitar player and producer (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Audie Murphy, American Medal of Honor recipient and actor (d. 1971)
  • 1924 – Fritz Koenig, German sculptor
  • 1928 – Eric Dolphy, American jazz musician (d. 1964)
  • 1928 – Jean-Marie Le Pen, French politician
  • 1930 – Paul Pender, American boxer
  • 1930 – Magdalena Abakanowicz, Polish artist
  • 1931 – Olympia Dukakis, Greek-American actress
  • 1931 – Martin Landau, American actor
  • 1932 – Robert Rozhdestvensky, Russian poet (d. 1994)
  • 1933 – Danny Aiello, American actor
  • 1934 – Wendy Craig, English actress
  • 1934 – Rossana Podestà, Italian actress
  • 1935 – Len Dawson, former football player
  • 1935 – Neal Knox, gun rights activist (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Billy Guy, American singer (The Coasters) (d. 2002)
  • 1937 – Jerry Keller, pop singer and songwriter
  • 1938 – Mickie Most, British record producer (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Ramakant Desai, Indian cricketer (d. 1998)
  • 1940 – Eugen Drewermann, German theologian
  • 1940 – John Mahoney, English actor
  • 1941 – Ulf Merbold, German physicist and astronaut
  • 1941 – Stephen Frears, English film director
  • 1942 – Brian Wilson, American musician; founder of The Beach Boys
  • 1944 – Cheryl Holdridge, American actress
  • 1944 – David Roper, English actor
  • 1945 – Anne Murray, Canadian singer
  • 1946 – Bob Vila, television presenter
  • 1946 – Xanana Gusmão, President of East Timor
  • 1946 – Andre Watts, American pianist
  • 1947 – Dolores Brooks, American singer (the Crystals)
  • 1947 – Candy Clark, American actress
  • 1947 – Josef Clemens, German bishop and Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
  • 1947 – Ivo Milazzo, Italian comic book artist
  • 1948 – Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru
  • 1949 – Lionel Richie, American musician (The Commodores)
  • 1949 – Alan Longmuir, Scottish bass guitarist (Bay City Rollers)
  • 1951 – Tress MacNeille, American voice actress
  • 1951 – Paul Muldoon, Northern Irish poet
  • 1951 – Bill Simon, American businessman and politician
  • 1952 – John Goodman, American actor
  • 1952 – Larry Riley, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1952 – Vikram Seth, Indian poet
  • 1953 – Ulrich Mühe, German actor (d. 2007)
  • 1952 – Willy Rampf, German F1 technical director (BMW Sauber)
  • 1954 – Michael Anthony, American musician (Van Halen)
  • 1954 – Ilan Ramon, Israeli combat pilot and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1954 – Allan Lamb, South African born English cricketer
  • 1956 – Ace Andres, American musician
  • 1956 – Peter Reid, English former footballer
  • 1958 – Chuck Wagner, American actor
  • 1958 – Ron Hornaday, American racecar driver
  • 1960 – John Taylor, English musician (Duran Duran)
  • 1963 – Amir Derakh, American musician (Orgy)
  • 1963 – Don West, American professional wrestling announcer
  • 1964 – Pierfrancesco Chili, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1964 – Silke Möller, German track and field athlete
  • 1967 – Nicole Kidman, American-born Australian actress
  • 1968 – Robert Rodriguez, American film director
  • 1969 – MaliVai Washington, American former tennis player
  • 1970 – Prince Moulay Rachid of Morocco
  • 1970 – Andrea Nahles, German politician
  • 1970 – Bruce Woodcock, American computer games analyst
  • 1971 – Josh Lucas, American actor
  • 1971 – Jeordie White, American musician (Marilyn Manson)
  • 1971 – Rodney Rogers, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Paul Bako, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Chino Moreno, American musician (Deftones)
  • 1974 – Attila Czene, Hungarian swimmer
  • 1975 – Daniel Zítka, Czech footballer
  • 1976 – Jerome Fontamillas,Filipino American musician (Switchfoot)
  • 1976 – Carlos Lee, Panamanian baseball player
  • 1976 – Rob Mackowiak, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Juliano Belletti, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Gordan Giricek, Croatian basketball player
  • 1978 – LaVar Arrington, American football player
  • 1978 – Frank Lampard, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jan-Paul Saeijs, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Bobby Seay, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Charlotte Hatherley, Former Ash guitarist
  • 1979 – Charles Howell III, Professional Golfer
  • 1979 – Cael Sanderson, Olympic Wrestler
  • 1979 – Lani Billard, Canadian actress
  • 1980 – Damián A. Fernández Beanato, Argentine journalist
  • 1980 – Carlo Festuccia, Italian rugby union footballer
  • 1980 – Fabian Wegmann, German road racing cyclist
  • 1980 – Tony Lovato, American singer and guitarrist (Mest)
  • 1980 – Franco Semioli, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Darren Sproles, American football player
  • 1983 – Cherrie Ying, Hong Kong actress
  • 1987 – Kamil Król, Polish footballer
  • 1987 – Darko Milicic, Serbian basketball player
  • 1989 – Christopher Mintz-Plasse, American actor
  • 1990 – Tim Commandeur, Australian musician
  • 1997 – Maria Lark, Russian-born American actress

June 20 – Deaths:

  • 451 – Theodorid, King of the Visigoths
  • 840 – Louis the Pious, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (b. 778)
  • 885 – Bernard Plantapilosa, Count of Auvergne (b. 841)
  • 1597 – Willem Barentsz, Dutch navigator
  • 1668 – Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (b. 1620)
  • 1776 – Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer (b. 1704)
  • 1787 – Karl Friedrich Abel, German composer (b. 1723)
  • 1800 – Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician (b. 1719)
  • 1820 – Manuel Belgrano, Argentine lawyer and politician (b. 1770)
  • 1837 – William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1765)
  • 1869 – Toshizou Hijikata, Shinsengumi vice-commander (b. 1835)
  • 1870 – Jules de Goncourt, French writer (b. 1830)
  • 1906 – John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
  • 1925 – Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (b. 1842)
  • 1945 – Bruno Frank, German author (b. 1878)
  • 1947 – Bugsy Siegel, American crime figure (b. 1906)
  • 1952 – Luigi Fagioli, Italian race car driver (b. 1898)
  • 1958 – Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1963 – Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (b. 1898)
  • 1972 – Howard Johnson, American businessman, originator of restaurant chain (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Lou Klein, American baseball player (b. 1918)
  • 1978 – Mark Robson, Canadian film director and producer (b. 1913))
  • 1992 – Sir Charles Groves, English conductor (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Emil Cioran, Romanian-born French philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Jim Ellison, Singer/Guitarist for the band Material Issue (b. 1964)
  • 1997 – Lawrence Payton, American singer (The Four Tops) (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (b. 1942)
  • 1999 – Clifton Fadiman, American author (b. 1902)
  • 2002 – Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (b. 1905)
  • 2002 – Tinus Osendarp, Dutch runner (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Bob Stump, American politician (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, Nobel laureate (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Larry Collins, American writer (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Billy Johnson, American baseball player (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Trevor Henry, New Zealand Justice (b. 1902)

June 20 – Holidays:

  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees – World Refugee Day.
  • Flag Day in Argentina (1938).
  • West Virginia – West Virginia Day.

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