On This Day in History June 13

June 13 – Events:

  • 1525 – Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy doctrine decreed by the Roman Catholic Church on priests and nuns.
  • 1625 – King Charles I is married to the French princess Henrietta Maria de Bourbon
  • 1774 – Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain’s North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army.
  • 1798 – Mission San Luis Rey de Francia is founded.
  • 1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: Scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River.
  • 1871 – In Labrador, a hurricane kills 300 people.
  • 1881 – The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.
  • 1886 – A fire devastates much of Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • 1886 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria is found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich at 11:30 PM.
  • 1893 – Grover Cleveland undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove large, cancerous portion of his jaw; operation not revealed to US public until 1917, nine years after the president’s death.
  • 1898 – Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.
  • 1917 – deadliest German air raid on London during WWI carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
  • 1927 – A ticker-tape parade is held for aviator Charles Lindbergh down 5th Avenue in New York City.
  • 1934 – Adolf Hitler and Mussolini meet in Venice, Italy; Mussolini later describes the German dictator as “a silly little monkey.”
  • 1935 – In one of the biggest upsets in championship boxing, the 10 to 1 underdog James J. Braddock defeated Max Baer in Long Island City, New York, and became the heavyweight champion of the world.
  • 1942 – The United States opens its Office of War Information.
  • 1944 – World War II: Germany launches a counter attack on Carentan.
  • 1944 – World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets.
  • 1952 – Catalina affair, a Swedish Douglas DC-3 was shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 fighter.
  • 1953 – Hungarian Prime Minister Mátyás Rákosi is replaced by Imre Nagy
  • 1955 – Mir Mine, the first diamond mine of the USSR, is discovered.
  • 1956 – Real Madrid win the inaugural European Champion Clubs’ Cup final, defeating Stade de Reims 4-3 at the Parc des Princes, Paris.
  • 1966 – The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.
  • 1967 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
  • 1970 – “The Long and Winding Road” becomes the Beatles’ last Number 1 song.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: The New York Times begins to publish the Pentagon Papers.
  • 1977 – Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before.
  • 1978 – Israeli Defense Forces withdraw from Lebanon.
  • 1981 – At the Trooping the Colour ceremony in London, a teenager, Marcus Sarjeant, fires six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1982 – Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia upon the death of his brother, Khalid.
  • 1983 – Pioneer 10 becomes the first manmade object to leave the solar system.
  • 1988 – Matt Turner is Born. Celebrations Begin
  • 1994 – A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.
  • 1995 – French president Jacques Chirac announces the resumption of nuclear tests in French Polynesia.
  • 1996 – The Montana Freemen surrender after an 81-day standoff with FBI agents.
  • 1997 – A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to the death penalty for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2000 – President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea meets Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang.
  • 2000 – Italy pardons Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who tried to kill Pope John Paul II in 1981.
  • 2002 – The United States of America withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

June 13 – Birthdays:

  • 823 – Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor and King of the West Franks (d. 877)
  • 1649 – Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (d. 1706)
  • 1752 – Fanny Burney, English novelist and diarist (d. 1840)
  • 1763 – José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva, Brazilian statesman (d. 1838)
  • 1773 – Thomas Young, English scientist (d. 1829)
  • 1775 – Antoni Radziwill, Polish politician (d. 1833)
  • 1786 – Winfield Scott, U.S. general (d. 1866)
  • 1822 – Carl Schmidt, German chemist (d. 1884)
  • 1831 – James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (d. 1879)
  • 1864 – Rudolf Kjellén, Swedish political scientist (d. 1922)
  • 1864 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (d. 1939)
  • 1863 – Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, English fashion designer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – William Butler Yeats, Irish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Jules Bordet, Belgian immunologist and microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1876 – William Sealey Gosset, English chemist, statistician (d. 1937)
  • 1884 – Gerald Gardner, British occultist (d. 1964)
  • 1884 – Etienne Gilson, French philosopher (d. 1978)
  • 1887 – Bruno Frank, German author (d. 1945)
  • 1888 – Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet (d. 1935)
  • 1892 – Basil Rathbone, English actor (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – Dorothy L. Sayers, English author (d. 1957)
  • 1894 – Dr. Leo Kanner, Austrian-American physician (d. 1981)
  • 1894 – Jacques Henri Lartigue, French photographer (d. 1986)
  • 1897 – Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Carlos Chávez, Mexican composer (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Harold ‘Red’ Grange, American football player (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Bruno de Finetti, Italian mathematician (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Mary Whitehouse, British campaigner (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Galician writer (d. 1999)
  • 1910 – Mary Wickes, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Luis Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – Erwin Müller, German-born physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (d. 1943)
  • 1913 – Etienne Leroux, major Afrikaans author.
  • 1915 – Don Budge, American tennis player (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Teddy Turner, comedian (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Ben Johnson, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Helmut Lent, German night fighter pilot (d. 1944
  • 1924 – Percy Rodriguez, Canadian actor (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Paul Lynde, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1928 – John Forbes Nash, American mathematician, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Alan Civil, English French horn player (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – Ryszard Kuklinski, Polish colonel (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Irvin D. Yalom , psychotherapist,Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry at Stanford University
  • 1933 – Tom King, British politician
  • 1933 – Erich Ribbeck, German football soccer trainer
  • 1934 – Lady Annabel Goldsmith, English socialite
  • 1935 – Christo, Bulgarian artist
  • 1935 – Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebonnt, French artist
  • 1935 – Samak Sundaravej, Thai Prime Minister
  • 1939 – Tom Cheek, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Bobby Freeman, American soul singer
  • 1941 – Esther Ofarim, Israeli singer
  • 1941 – Marcel Lachemann, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Malcolm McDowell, English actor
  • 1944 – Ban Ki-moon, the current U.N. Secretary General
  • 1945 – Whitley Strieber, American author
  • 1947 – A. G. Lafley, American executive director
  • 1948 – Garnet Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player and executive (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Dennis Locorriere, American singer and guitarist (Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show)
  • 1950 – Michael Stark, Australian actor
  • 1950 – Gerd Zewe, German footballer
  • 1951 – Richard Thomas, American actor
  • 1951 – Stellan Skarsgård, Swedish actor
  • 1952 – Tony Bruno, American talkshow host
  • 1953 – Tim Allen, American comedian and actor
  • 1954 – Andrzej Lepper, Polish politician
  • 1955 – Alan Hansen, Scottish football pundit
  • 1959 – Steve Georganas, Australian politician
  • 1959 – Lance Kinsey, Canadian actor
  • 1961 – Anders Järryd, Swedish tennis player
  • 1962 – Ally Sheedy, American actress
  • 1962 – Glenn Michibata, Canadian professional tennis player
  • 1963 – Bettina Bunge, German tennis player
  • 1963 – Paul De Lisle, American musician (Smash Mouth)
  • 1964 – Kathy Burke, English actress
  • 1964 – Christian Wilhelm Berger, Romanian composer
  • 1965 – Lukas Ligeti, Austrian composer and drummer
  • 1965 – Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca
  • 1966 – Grigori Perelman, Russian mathematician
  • 1966 – Naoki Hattori, Japanese racing driver
  • 1968 – David Gray, British musician
  • 1968 – Denise Pearson, British singer (Five Star)
  • 1968 – Fabio Baldato, Italyan cyclist
  • 1969 – Svetlana Krivelyova, Russian athlete
  • 1969 – Søren Nystrøm Rasted (d.2002)
  • 1970 – Chris Cairns, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1970 – Rivers Cuomo, American musician (Weezer)
  • 1970 – Mikael Ljungberg, Swedish wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1972 – Natalie MacMaster, Canadian musician
  • 1973 – Sam Adams, American football player
  • 1973 – Mattias Hellberg, Swedish musician (The Hellacopters)
  • 1973 – Ville Laihiala, Finnish musician (Sentenced, Poisonblack)
  • 1973 – Kasia Kowalska, Polish pop rock singer
  • 1974 – Selma Björnsdóttir, Icelandic singer
  • 1974 – Steve-O, American television personality
  • 1974 – Brande Roderick, American actress
  • 1974 – Takahiro Sakurai, Japanese voice actor
  • 1974 – Valeri Bure, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Ante Covic, Australian footballer
  • 1975 – Johannes Grenzfurthner, Austrian artist, writer, curator and director
  • 1975 – Riccardo Scimeca, English footballer
  • 1976 – Kym Marsh, English singer, actress, & T.V. presenter
  • 1976 – Jason ‘J’ Brown, English Singer
  • 1977 – Alaura Eden, American porn actress
  • 1978 – Ethan Embry, American actor
  • 1978 – Mathis Künzler, Swiss actor
  • 1978 – Jason Michael Carroll, Country musician
  • 1978 – Mikako Ichikawa, Japanese actress and model
  • 1979 – Nila Håkedal, Norwegian beach volleyball player
  • 1980 – Darius Vassell, English footballer
  • 1980 – Florent Malouda, French footballer
  • 1980 – Markus Winkelhock, German racing driver
  • 1980 – Sarah Connor, German singer
  • 1981 – Chris Evans, American actor
  • 1981 – David Madden, 4th-ranked Jeopardy! champion of all-time
  • 1982 – Kenenisa Bekele, Ethiopian athlete
  • 1983 – Matt Allison, British racing driver
  • 1983 – Jason Spezza Canadian Hockey Player
  • 1984 – Nery Castillo, Mexican-Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985 – Raz-B, American singer (B2K)
  • 1985 – Danny Syvret, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Kat Dennings, American actress
  • 1986 – Ashley Olsen, American actress
  • 1986 – Mary-Kate Olsen, American actress

June 13 – Deaths:

  • 1036 – Ali az-Zahir, caliph (b. 1005)
  • 1231 – Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint (b. 1195)
  • 1256 – Tankei, Japanese sculptor (b. 1173)
  • 1636 – George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
  • 1645 – Miyamoto Musashi, Japanese swordsman
  • 1665 – Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer, Dutch admiral (b. 1604)
  • 1760 – Antoine Court, French Huguenot minister (b. 1696)
  • 1784 – Henry Middleton, American president of the Continental Congress (b. 1717)
  • 1881 – Josef Skoda, Czech physician (b. 1805)
  • 1886 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • 1898 – Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1840)
  • 1918 – Tsar Mikhail Alexandrovitch Romanov (b. 1878)
  • 1931 – Shibasaburo Kitasato, Japanese physician (b. 1851)
  • 1943 – Koco Racin, Macedonian poet (b. 1908)
  • 1951 – Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
  • 1958 – Edwin Keppel Bennett, British writer (b. 1887)
  • 1965 – Martin Buber, Austrian philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1965 – David Drummond, Australian politician (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Clyde McPhatter, American musician (b. 1932)
  • 1972 – Georg von Békésy, Hungarian biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-born German World War II spy (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Dündar Taser, Turkish nationalist (b. 1925)
  • 1977 – Matthew Garber, British child actor (Mary Poppins) (b. 1956)
  • 1979 – Darla Hood, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 1980 – Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (b. 1942)
  • 1982 – King Khalid of Saudi Arabia (b. 1912)
  • 1982 – Peter Maivia, wrestler (b. 1935)
  • 1982 – Riccardo Paletti, Formula One driver (b. 1958)
  • 1986 – Benny Goodman, American musician (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Geraldine Page, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 1989 – Fran Allison, American, early television personality (Kukla, Fran and Ollie) (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Deke Slayton, astronaut (b. 1924)
  • 1993 – Gérard Côté, French Canadian runner (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Birger Ruud, Norwegian athlete (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – John Hope, American meteorologist (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Malik Meraj Khalid, Former caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Dick Durrance, American skier (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Ralph Wiley, American journalist and writer (b. 1952)
  • 2005 – Jonathan Adams, English actor (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Álvaro Cunhal, Portuguese politician and writer (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – David Diamond, American composer (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Lane Smith, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Charles Haughey, Taoiseach (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Walid Eido, Lebanese MP (b. 1942)

June 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – Quinquatrus Minusculae held in honor of Minerva
  • Roman Empire – seventh day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
  • Liturgical feasts:

o   Saint Anthony of Padua, priest, confessor, Doctor of the Church

o   Saint Agricius, bishop of Sens, confessor

o   Saint Leo III, pope

o   Saint Onuphrius, hermit, confessor

o   Blessed Thomas Woodhouse, martyr

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On This Day in History June 12

June 12-Events

  • 1381 – Peasants’ Revolt: In England rebels arrive at Blackheath.
  • 1418 – An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians.
  • 1429 – Hundred Years’ War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.
  • 1560 – Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
  • 1653 – First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard – lasted until June 13.
  • 1665 – England installs a municipal government in New York City. This was the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam.
  • 1758 – French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg – James Wolfe’s attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
  • 1775 – American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offered a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
  • 1830 – Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers landed 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
  • 1860 – The State Bank of the Russian Empire established.
  • 1864 – American Civil War Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor – Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
  • 1889 – 88 are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland.
  • 1896 – J.T. Hearne sets a cricket record for the earliest date of taking 100 first-class wickets.
  • 1898 – Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines’ independence from Spain.
  • 1899 – New Richmond Tornado: 8th deadliest tornado in U.S. history – killing 117 and injuring around 200 people.
  • 1902 – Australia: Women in the four Australian States without female suffrage achieved the right to vote in Commonwealth elections under Section 3 of the Commonwealth Franchise Act for a Uniform Federal Franchise.
  • 1903 – Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
  • 1922 – In Windsor Castle, King George V receives the colors of the six Irish regiments that are to be disbanded – the Royal Irish Regiment, the Connaught Rangers, the South Irish Horse, the Prince of Wales’s Leinster Regiment, the Royal Munster Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers.
  • 1931 – Charlie Parker equals cricket record for the earliest date to reach 100 wickets. Tich Freeman reaches 100 wickets a day later.
  • 1935 – Chaco War ends: A truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay, fighting since 1932.
  • 1939 – Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures’ Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.
  • 1940 – World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: Future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
  • 1943 – Holocaust: German Nazis liquidate Jewish Ghetto in Berezhany, western Ukraine. On Saturday morning, 1,180 Jews of Berezhany were led to face death at city’s old Jewish graveyard, where they had been shot into a mass grave.
  • 1963 – Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is shot dead in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
  • 1964 – Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
  • 1967 – The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
  • 1967 – Venera program: Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet’s atmosphere and successfully return data).
  • 1978 – David Berkowitz, the “Son of Sam” killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings.
  • 1979 – Bryan Allen flies the Gossamer Albatross, man powered, across the English Channel.
  • 1987 – The Central African Republic’s former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
  • 1987 – Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall at Brandenburg Gate.
  • 1990 – Russia Day – The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.
  • 1991 – Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of their republic.
  • 1993 – Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola elected President of Nigeria in record turnout for Nigerian elections.
  • 1994 – Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in a civil suit.
  • 1994 – German districts Röbel and Waren are merged to form Müritz
  • 1996 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the Internet.
  • 1998 – The Philippines celebrates its centennial year of Independence from Spain.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins – NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 2004 – A 1.3 kg chondrite type meteorite strikes a house in Ellerslie, New Zealand causing serious damage but no injuries.

June 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1107 – Emperor Gaozong of China (d. 1187)
  • 1519 – Cosimo I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1574)
  • 1577 – Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (d. 1643)
  • 1659 – Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Japanese samurai (d. 1719)
  • 1775 – Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (d. 1851)
  • 1777 – Robert Clark, American politician (d. 1837)
  • 1802 – Harriet Martineau, controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist (d. 1876)
  • 1806 – John A. Roebling, German-America civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (d. 1869)
  • 1812 – Edmond Hébert, French geologist (d. 1890)
  • 1819 – Charles Kingsley, English writer (d. 1875)
  • 1827 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (d. 1901)
  • 1861 – William Attewell, English cricketer (d. 1927)
  • 1875 – Sam De Grasse, Canadian actor (d. 1953)
  • 1888 – Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician (d. 1920)
  • 1890 – Egon Schiele, Austrian painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
  • 1892 – Djuna Barnes, American author (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Fritz Albert Lipmann, American biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Hendrik Elias, Belgian politician (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – Emmett Hardy, American musician (d. 1925)
  • 1905 – Ray Barbuti, American athlete (d. 1988)
  • 1906 – Sandro Penna, Italian poet (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Alphonse Ouimet, Canadian TV pioneer and president of the CBC (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Marina Semenova, Russian ballerina
  • 1908 – Otto Skorzeny, Famous WWII German SS commando (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Bill Naughton, English playwright (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Jameel Jalibi, Pakistani scholar, writer, and Urdu linguist
  • 1913 – Jean Victor Allard, Canadian army general (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Christopher Mayhew, British politician (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – David Rockefeller, American banker
  • 1916 – Irwin Allen, American film producer (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Samuel Z. Arkoff, American film producer (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Uta Hagen, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Dave Berg, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Peter Jones, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Jim Siedow, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Christopher Derrick, British writer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – James Houston, Canadian artist (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Monty Westmore, American make-up artist (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States
  • 1926 – Jackie Pallo, English professional wrestler (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Vic Damone, American singer
  • 1928 – Richard M. Sherman, American songwriter
  • 1929 – Brigid Brophy, British writer
  • 1929 – Anne Frank, German-born Dutch Jewish diarist and Holocaust victim (d. 1945)
  • 1930 – Donald Byrne, American chess player (d. 1976)
  • 1930 – Jim Nabors, American actor
  • 1932 – Rona Jaffe, American novelist
  • 1932 – Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian athlete (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Eddie Adams, American photographer, won Pulitzer Prize (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – John A. Alonzo, American cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Vladimir Arnold, Russian mathematician
  • 1938 – Tom Oliver, Australian actor
  • 1939 – Frank McCloskey, American politician (d. 2003)
  • 1941 – Marv Albert, American sportscaster
  • 1941 – Chick Corea, American musician
  • 1941 – Roy Harper, English musician
  • 1941 – Lyman Ward, Canadian/American actor
  • 1942 – Bert Sakmann, German physiologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Len Barry, American singer and musicien (The Dovells)
  • 1945 – Pat Jennings, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1946 – Harry Glasper, English writer
  • 1946 – Michel Bergeron, NHL head coach
  • 1948 – Hans Binder, Austrian racing driver
  • 1949 – Marc Tardif, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 – John Wetton, English musician (Asia)
  • 1951 – Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – Bun E. Carlos, American musician (Cheap Trick)
  • 1951 – Brad Delp, American singer (Boston) (d. 2007)
  • 1952 – Pete Farndon, English musician (The Pretenders) (d. 1983)
  • 1952 – Spencer Abraham, Secretary of Energy under George W. Bush
  • 1953 – Allan Weiner, American radio station owner
  • 1956 – Terry Alderman, Australian cricketer
  • 1956 – Rob Collins, English musician (The Charlatans) (d. 1996)
  • 1957 – Timothy Busfield, American actor
  • 1957 – Javed Miandad, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1958 – Rebecca Holden, American actress and singer
  • 1959 – John Linnell, American musician (They Might Be Giants)
  • 1959 – Scott Thompson, Canadian comedian (Kids in the Hall)
  • 1961 – Jim Goad, American author
  • 1962 – Paul Clark, English musician (The Bolshoi)
  • 1963 – Warwick Capper, Australian rules footballer
  • 1963 – Jerry Lynn, American professional wrestler
  • 1963 – Johnny Weiss, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Paula Marshall, American actress
  • 1965 – Filip Topol, Czech musician and writer
  • 1965 – Vicky Vette, Norwegian-born adult film actress
  • 1967 – Frances O’Connor, Australian actress
  • 1968 – Scott Aldred, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Bobby Sheehan, American musician (Blues Traveler) (d. 1999)
  • 1969 – Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian guitarist (Omen, Bikini) (d. 2007)
  • 1969 – Mathieu Schneider, American ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Mark Henry, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Ryan Klesko, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Bounty Killer, Jamaican deejay
  • 1973 – Takis Fyssas, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Darryl White, Australian rules footballer
  • 1974 – Hideki Matsui, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974 – Jason Mewes, American actor
  • 1974 – Kerry Kittles, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Thomas Sørensen, Danish footballer
  • 1976 – Antawn Jamison, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Kenny Wayne Shepherd, American blues-rock guitarist
  • 1977 – Wade Redden, Canadian Ice Hockey Player
  • 1979 – Dallas Clark, American football player
  • 1979 – Wil Horneff, American actor
  • 1980 – Larry Foote, American football player
  • 1980 – Marco Bortolami, Italian rugby union player
  • 1981 – Adriana Lima, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1982 – Ben Blackwell, American musician
  • 1982 – Jason David, American football player
  • 1983 – Josh Dies, American author and musician (Showbread)
  • 1983 – Bryan Habana, South African rugby player
  • 1983 – Christine Sinclair, Canadian soccer player
  • 1985 – Blake Ross, American software developer
  • 1985 – Tasha-Ray Evin, Canadian musician (Lillix)
  • 1985 – Kendra Wilkinson, American Playboy bunny/Playmate
  • 1985 – Chris Young, American musician
  • 1992 – Allie DiMeco, American actress

June 12 – Deaths:

  • 816 – Pope Leo III
  • 918 – Ethelfleda, Lady of the Mercians
  • 1020 – Lyfing, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1418 – Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac, Constable of France (b. 1360)
  • 1435 – John FitzAlan, 14th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1408)
  • 1560 – Imagawa Yoshimoto, Japanese daimyo (b. 1519)
  • 1560 – Ii Naomori, Japanese warrior (b. 1506)
  • 1565 – Adrianus Turnebus, French classical scholar (b. 1512)
  • 1567 – Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1490)
  • 1647 – Thomas Farnaby, English grammarian
  • 1675 – Duke Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (b. 1634)
  • 1734 – James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, French military commander (b. 1670)
  • 1758 – Augustus William, Prince of Prussia (b. 1722)
  • 1772 – Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (b. 1724)
  • 1778 – Philip Livingston, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1716)
  • 1816 – Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
  • 1818 – Egwale Seyon, Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1904 – Camille de Renesse, Belgian Count (b. 1836)
  • 1912 – Frédéric Passy, French economist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1822)
  • 1917 – Teresa Carreño, Venezuelan pianist (b. 1853)
  • 1937 – Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1893)
  • 1957 – Jimmy Dorsey, American musician (b. 1904)
  • 1962 – John Ireland, English composer (b. 1879)
  • 1963 – Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist (b. 1925)
  • 1966 – Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (b. 1891)
  • 1969 – Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Milburn Stone, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Billy Butlin, Founder of the brand of holiday venues known as Butlins (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Masayoshi Ohira, Prime minister of Japan (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1982 – Sgt Ian McKay VC, British soldier (Falklands War) (b. 1953)
  • 1983 – Norma Shearer, Canadian actress (b. 1902)
  • 1989 – Lou Monte, American singer (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Ronald Goldman, American actor and model (b. 1969)
  • 1994 – Nicole Brown Simpson, American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson (b. 1959)
  • 1994 – Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Lubavitcher Rebbe (b. 1902)
  • 1994 – Christopher Collins, American actor and comedian (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Bulat Okudzhava, Russian writer and musician (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – P.L.Deshpande, Marathi Writer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Bill Blass, American fashion designer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Gregory Peck, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Scott Young. Canadian sports novelist and educationist (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – György Ligeti, Hungarian composer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Don Herbert aka “Mr. Wizard,” American television host (b. 1917)

June 12 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – sixth day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
  • Philippines – Araw ng Kalayaan (Independence Day) 1898
  • Russian Federation – Russia Day (Independence Day) 1990
  • United Kingdom – Trooping the Colour (Military celebration of the monarch’s official birthday held in London on the second Saturday of June)
  • Brazil – Dia dos Namorados (Lover’s Day; similar to St. Valentine’s)

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On This Day in History June 11

June 11 – Events:

  • 1184 BC – Trojan War: Troy was sacked and burned, according to the calculations of Eratosthenes.
  • 631 – Emperor Taizong of Tang, the Emperor of China, sent envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk in order to persuade the release of enslaved Chinese prisoners who were captured during the transition from Sui to Tang from the northern frontier; this embassy succeeded in freeing 80,000 Chinese men and women who were then returned to China.
  • 758 – Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks arrive simultaneously at Chang’an, the Tang Chinese capital, in order to offer tribute to the imperial court. The Arabs and Turks bicker and fight over diplomatic prominence at the gate, in order to present tribute before the other. A settlement was reached when both were allowed to enter at the same time, but through two different gates to the palace.
  • 1429 – Hundred Years’ War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau.
  • 1509 – Marriage of King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon.
  • 1594 – Philip II recognized the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paved way to the creation of the Principalía [i.e., elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines].
  • 1774 – Jews in Algiers escape the attacks of the Spanish army.
  • 1776 – Continental Congress appoints Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston to a committee to draft a declaration of independence.
  • 1788 – Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.
  • 1805 – A fire consumed large portions of Detroit in the Michigan Territory.
  • 1825 – The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
  • 1837 – The Broad Street Riot occurred in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.
  • 1866 – The Allahabad High Court (then Agra High Court) is established in India.
  • 1892 – The Limelight Department, one of the world’s first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships start to sail for Cuba.
  • 1901 – New Zealand annexes the Cook Islands.
  • 1907 – George Dennett, aided by Gilbert Jessop, dismisses Northamptonshire for 12 runs, the lowest total in first-class cricket.
  • 1917 – King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
  • 1935 – Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey.
  • 1936 – International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England.
  • 1937 – Great Purge: The Soviet Union executes eight army leaders under Joseph Stalin.
  • 1938 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts.
  • 1938 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Nationalist government created the 1938 Yellow River flood to halt the Japanese forces. 500,000 to 900,000 civilians are killed.
  • 1940 – World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy.
  • 1940 – World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta.
  • 1942 – World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
  • 1955 – Eighty-three are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
  • 1962 – Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin become the only prisoners to successfully escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island.
  • 1963 – American Civil Rights Movement: Alabama Governor George Wallace stands at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students from attending that school.
  • 1963 – Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.
  • 1964 – World War II veteran Walter Seifert runs amok in an elementary school in Cologne, Germany, killing at least eight children and two teachers and seriously injuring several more with a home-made flamethrower and a lance.
  • 1967 – Mexico becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1970 – After being appointed on May 15, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington officially receive their ranks as U.S. Army Generals, becoming the first females to do so.
  • 1972 – Eltham Well Hall rail crash, caused by an intoxicated train driver, kills six people and injures 126.
  • 1998 – Compaq Computer pays $9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation in then largest high-tech acquisition.
  • 2001 – Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2002 – Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.
  • 2004 – Cassini-Huygens makes its closest flyby of Phoebe.
  • 2004 – Ronald Reagan’s funeral held at Washington National Cathedral.
  • 2005 – G8 finance ministers agree to cancel the debt owed by 18 of the poorest countries.

June 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1403 – John IV, Duke of Brabant (d. 1427)
  • 1456 – Anne Neville, wife of Richard III of England (d. 1485)
  • 1540 – Barnabe Googe, English poet (d. 1594)
  • 1572 – Ben Jonson, English dramatist (d. 1637)
  • 1588 – George Wither, English writer (d. 1667)
  • 1672 – Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian priest and composer (d. 1749)
  • 1696 – Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (d. 1758)
  • 1704 – Carlos Seixas, Portuguese composer (d. 1742)
  • 1713 – Edward Capell, English critic (d. 1781)
  • 1723 – Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (d. 1788)
  • 1741 – Joseph Warren, American doctor and soldier (d. 1775)
  • 1776 – John Constable, English painter (d. 1837)
  • 1815 – Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer (d. 1879)
  • 1842 – Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)
  • 1846 – William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (d. 1920)
  • 1847 – Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist and feminist (d. 1929)
  • 1864 – Richard Strauss, German composer and conductor (d. 1949)
  • 1867 – Charles Fabry, French physicist (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
  • 1877 – Renee Vivien, English-born poet (d. 1909)
  • 1879 – Roger Bresnahan, baseball player (d. 1944)
  • 1879 – Max Schreck, German actor (d. 1936)
  • 1880 – Jeannette Rankin, American politician, feminist, and pacifist (d. 1973)
  • 1888 – Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1894 – Dai Vernon (David Frederick Wingfield Verner), Canadian magician, The Professor (d. 1992)
  • 1895 – Nikolai Bulganin, Soviet politician (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Ernie Nevers, American football player (d. 1976)
  • 1910 – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer and inventor (d. 1997)
  • 1910 – Carmine Coppola, American composer, director and songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Vince Lombardi, American football coach (d. 1970)
  • 1913 – Risë Stevens, American operatic soprano
  • 1914 – Gerald Mohr, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Richard Todd, British actor
  • 1920 – Hazel Scott, West Indian-born singer (d. 1981)
  • 1920 – Irving Howe, American literary and social critic (d. 1993)
  • 1922 – John Bromfield, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Michael Cacoyannis, Greek Cypriot film maker
  • 1924 – Ed Farhat, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – William Styron, American author (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Carlisle Floyd, American composer
  • 1928 – Fabiola de Mora y Aragón, Queen of the Belgians
  • 1930 – Charles B. Rangel, American politician
  • 1931 – Audrey Schuh, American soprano
  • 1932 – Athol Fugard, South African playwright
  • 1933 – Gene Wilder, American actor
  • 1934 – Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
  • 1936 – Jud Strunk, American musician and comedian (d. 1981)
  • 1936 – Chad Everett, American actor
  • 1937 – Robin Warren, Australian pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
  • 1937 – Johnny Brown, American comic
  • 1939 – Sir Jackie Stewart, Scottish race car driver, three-time F1 world champion and former F1 team principal
  • 1939 – Bernard Purdie, American session drummer
  • 1939 – Christina Crawford, American actress and writer
  • 1940 – Joey Dee, American musician (Joey Dee and the Starliters)
  • 1945 – Adrienne Barbeau, American actress
  • 1947 – Laloo Prasad Yadav, Indian politician
  • 1947 – Henry Cisneros, American politician, former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • 1947 – Richard Palmer-James, British lyricist and guitarist (King Crimson and Supertramp)
  • 1947 – Bob Evans, British racing driver
  • 1948 – Dave Cash, Major league baseball player
  • 1949 – Frank Beard, American drummer (ZZ Top)
  • 1949 – Tom Pryce, British racing driver (d. 1977)
  • 1949 – Benjamin Vasserman, Estonian graphic artist
  • 1950 – Lynsey De Paul, British singer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Graham Russell, British guitarist and vocalist (Air Supply)
  • 1951 – Yasumasa Morimura, Japanese appropriation artist
  • 1951 – Mark D. Siljander, former Republican U.S. Representative from the state of Michigan
  • 1952 – Donnie Van Zant, American rock musician
  • 1953 – Peter Bergman, American actor
  • 1955 – Yuriy Sedykh, Soviet hammer thrower
  • 1956 – Joe Montana. American football player
  • 1957 – Jamaaladeen Tacuma, American musician
  • 1959 – Hugh Laurie, English actor and comedian
  • 1961 – Caroline Quentin, English actress
  • 1961 – María Barranco, Spanish actress
  • 1962 – Erika Salumäe, Estonian cyclist, Olympian
  • 1963 – Bruce Kimball, American diver
  • 1964 – Jean Alesi, French Formula One driver
  • 1965 – Joey Santiago, Filipino guitarist (Pixies)
  • 1968 – Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein
  • 1969 – Peter Dinklage, American actor
  • 1969 – Steven Drozd, American drummer
  • 1969 – Bryan Fogarty, professional ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1969 – Matt McGrath, American actor
  • 1970 – Chris Rice, singer/songwriter
  • 1973 – José Manuel Abundis, Mexican football (soccer) forward
  • 1974 – David Starie, British boxer
  • 1975 – Choi Ji Woo, South Korean actress and model
  • 1975 – Thomas Bimis, Greek diver
  • 1975 – Anastasia Blue, American former pornographic actress
  • 1976 – Tai Anderson, American musician (bass player for Third Day)
  • 1977 – Geoff Ogilvy, Australian golfer
  • 1977 – Ryan Dunn, American actor
  • 1978 – Joshua Jackson, Canadian actor
  • 1978 – Ujjwala Raut, Indian supermodel
  • 1979 – Amy Taylor, Australian football (soccer) player, television presenter and model
  • 1980 – Yhency Brazoban, Dominican born baseball player
  • 1981 – Emiliano Moretti, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Diana Taurasi, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Eldar Rønning, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1982 – Johnny Candido, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Joey Graham, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Steven Graham, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Diana Taurasi, American basketball player
  • 1983 – José Reyes, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Chuck Hayes, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Vagner Love, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Anja Rubik, Polish supermodel
  • 1985 – Chris Trousdale, American pop singer and dancer
  • 1986 – Shia LaBeouf, American actor
  • 1987 – TiA, Japanese R&B singer
  • 1988 – Yui Aragaki, Japanese actress and model
  • 1994 – Ivana Baquero, Spanish actress

June 11 – Deaths:

  • 1183 – Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (b. 1155)
  • 1216 – Henry of Flanders, Emperor of the Latin Empire
  • 1488 – King James III of Scotland
  • 1557 – King John III of Portugal (b. 1502)
  • 1695 – André Félibien, French architect (b. 1619)
  • 1712 – Louis Joseph, duc de Vendôme, Marshal of France (b. 1654)
  • 1727 – King George I of Great Britain (b. 1660)
  • 1796 – Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and politician (b. 1720)
  • 1847 – John Franklin, English sea captain and explorer (b. 1786)
  • 1852 – Karl Briullov, Russian painter (b. 1799)
  • 1858 – Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman (b. 1773)
  • 1879 – Prince Willem of the Netherlands, disgraced heir apparent to the Dutch throne (b. 1840)
  • 1882 – Louis Maigret, Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1804)
  • 1903 – Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b. 1837)
  • 1903 – Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia (b. 1876)
  • 1911 – James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (b. 1815)
  • 1924 – Théodore Dubois, French composer and teacher (b. 1837)
  • 1927 – William Attewell, English cricketer (b. 1861)
  • 1934 – Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1936 – Robert E. Howard, American author (b. 1906)
  • 1937 – R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer (b. 1895)
  • 1941 – Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (b. 1850)
  • 1965 – José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883)
  • 1970 – Frank Laubach, Christian missionary (b. 1884)
  • 1970 – William ‘Billy Batts’ Devino, American crime figure (b. 1921)
  • 1974 – Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (b. 1883)
  • 1976 – Jim Konstanty, American baseball player (b. 1917)
  • 1979 – John Wayne (born Marion Morrison), American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (b. 1922)
  • 1985 – Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (b. 1954)
  • 1985 – Sapfo Notara, Greek actress (b. 1907)
  • 1986 – Chesley Bonestell, American-born engineer, architect, and artist (b. 1888)
  • 1991 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Ray Sharkey, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 1996 – Brigitte Helm, German actress (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Catherine Cookson, British novelist (b. 1906)
  • 1999 – DeForest Kelley, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (by execution; b. 1968)
  • 2001 – Amalia Mendoza, Mexican singer (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – David Brinkley, American television reporter (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Xenophon Zolotas, Greek politician (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Vasco Gonçalves, Portuguese general (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Bruce Shand, father of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Michael Bartosh, computer expert and author (b. 1977)
  • 2006 – Neroli Fairhall, New Zealand archer (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Imre Friedmann, American scientist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Mala Powers, American film actress (b. 1931)

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On This Day in History June 10

June 10 – Events:

  • 1190 – Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem.
  • 1539 – Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war  and the difficulty bishops had had traveling to Venice.
  • 1619 – Thirty Years’ War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt.
  • 1692 – Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for “certain Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries.”
  • 1719 – Battle of Glen Shiel
  • 1770 – Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
  • 1793 – The Jardin des Plantes museum opens in Paris (becoming, a year later, the first public  zoo).
  • 1793 – French Revolution: Following arrests of Girondin leaders the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship.
  • 1805 – First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.
  • 1829 – First Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge.
  • 1838 – Myall Creek Massacre in Australia: 28 Aboriginal Australians are murdered.
  • 1846 – Mexican-American War: The California Republic declares independence from Mexico.
  • 1854 – The first class of United States Naval Academy students graduate.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Brice’s Crossroads – Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
  • 1871 – Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
  • 1886 – Eruption of Mount Tarawera in New Zealand, killing 153 people and destroying the famous Pink and White Terraces.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: US Marines land on the island of Cuba.
  • 1918 – Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent Istvan sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.
  • 1924 – Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
  • 1925 – Inaugural service for the United Church of Canada, a union of Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist churches held in Toronto arena
  • 1935 – Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1940 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy’s actions with “Stab in the Back” speech from the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
  • 1940 – World War II: German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reach the English Channel.
  • 1940 – World War II: Canada declares war on Italy.
  • 1940 – World War II: Norway Surrenders to German forces.
  • 1942 – World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice as reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
  • 1944 – World War II: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
  • 1944 – World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 children, women and men were massacred by German troops.
  • 1944 – In baseball, 15-year old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game.
  • 1945 – Australian Imperial Forces landed in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei.
  • 1947 – Saab produces its first automobile.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai begins.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
  • 1967 – Argentina becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1971 – Metro Observatorio was the western terminus of Line 1 of Mexico City Metro.
  • 1973 – John Paul Getty III, grandson of billionaire J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
  • 1977 – James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13.
  • 1977 – Apple Computer ships its first Apple II personal computer.
  • 1978 – Costa Rica becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1980 – The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.
  • 1992 – Fatal ambush of U.S. Army Humvee in Panama on eve of President George H. W. Bush’s visit to that country
  • 1996 – Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without Sinn Féin.
  • 1997 – Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen’s family members before Pol Pot flees his northern stronghold.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Miloševic agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
  • 2001 – Pope John Paul II canonized Lebanon’s first female saint Saint Rafqa.
  • 2002 – First direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans carried out by Kevin Warwick in the United Kingdom.
  • 2003 – The Spirit Rover is launched, beginning NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover mission.

June 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1213 – Fakhruddin ‘Iraqi, Persian philosopher
  • 1632 – Esprit Fléchier, French writer and bishop (d. 1710)
  • 1637 – Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1675)
  • 1657 – James Cragg the Elder, British politician (d. 1721)
  • 1688 – James Francis Edward Stuart (d. 1766)
  • 1706 – John Dollond, English optician (d. 1761)
  • 1710 – James Short, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1753 – William Eustis, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
  • 1803 – Henry Darcy, French scientist (d. 1858)
  • 1804 – Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (d. 1884)
  • 1825 – Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (d. 1897)
  • 1819 – Gustave Courbet, French painter (d. 1877)
  • 1825 – Princess Hildegard of Bavaria d. 1864
  • 1835 – Rebecca Latimer Felton, U.S. Senator (d. 1930)
  • 1839 – Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Council President of Denmark (d. 1912)
  • 1861 – Pierre Duhem, French physicist (d. 1916)
  • 1862 – Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress (d. 1937)
  • 1863 – Louis Couperus, Dutch novelist (d. 1923)
  • 1880 – André Derain, French painter (d. 1954)
  • 1889 – Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Hattie McDaniel, American actress (d. 1952)
  • 1897 – Grand Duchess Tatiana of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1901 – Frederick Loewe, Austrian-born composer (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Fairfield Porter, American painter (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Robert Cummings, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Howlin’ Wolf, American musician (d. 1976)
  • 1910 – Frank Demaree, American baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1910 – Robert Still, English composer (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Terence Rattigan, British playwright (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Jean Lesage, Premier of Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian composer
  • 1915 – Saul Bellow, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Barry Morse, British-born Canadian actor (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Kevin O’Flanagan, Irish athlete and physician (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1921 – Jean Robic, French cyclist (d. 1980)
  • 1922 – Judy Garland, American musical actress (d. 1969)
  • 1923 – Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born newspaperman (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Nat Hentoff, American historian, novelist, jazz critic, and columnist
  • 1926 – Lionel Jeffries, British actor
  • 1927 – Lin Yang-kang, Chinese politician
  • 1927 – Ladislao Kubala, Hungarian-born footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Maurice Sendak, American writer
  • 1929 – Harald Juhnke, German actor and comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Ian McCahon Sinclair, Australian politician
  • 1929 – E. O. Wilson, American biologist
  • 1931 – João Gilberto, Brazilian singer and guitarist
  • 1932 – Branko Lustig, film producer
  • 1933 – Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian Prime Minister
  • 1933 – F. Lee Bailey, American attorney
  • 1935 – Vic Elford, British racing driver
  • 1940 – Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – John Stevens, British drummer (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Jürgen Prochnow, German actor
  • 1941 – Mickey Jones, American musician and actor
  • 1941 – Shirley Owens, American singer (Shirelles)
  • 1941 – David Walker, Australian racing driver
  • 1942 – Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • 1947 – Ken Singleton, American baseball player
  • 1949 – John Sentamu, Archbishop of York
  • 1950 – Elias Sosa, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1951 – Dan Fouts, American football player
  • 1953 – John Edwards, American politician
  • 1957 – Lindsay Hoyle, British politician
  • 1957 – Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect
  • 1959 – Eliot Spitzer, American politician
  • 1959 – Carlo Ancelotti, A.C. Milan coach
  • 1960 – Balakrishna Nandamuri, Indian actor
  • 1961 – Kim Deal, American musician (Pixies), (The Breeders)
  • 1961 – Kelley Deal, American musician (The Breeders)
  • 1962 – Gina Gershon, American actress
  • 1962 – Koma Wong Ka-Kui, Hong Kong musician (Beyond) (d. 1993)
  • 1962 – Vincent Perez, Swiss actor
  • 1962 – Akie Abe, current First Lady of Japan
  • 1963 – Brad Henry, American politician (current Oklahoma governor)
  • 1963 – Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress
  • 1964 – Jimmy Chamberlin, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)
  • 1964 – Ben Daniels, British actor
  • 1964 – Tony Martin, Australian comedian
  • 1965 – Elizabeth Hurley, British actress
  • 1966 – David Platt, English footballer
  • 1967 – Emma Anderson, British guitarist and songwriter (Lush, Sing-Sing)
  • 1968 – Jimmy Shea, American skeleton racer
  • 1968 – The D.O.C., American rapper
  • 1969 – Ronny Johnsen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1969 – Kate Snow, American TV journalist
  • 1970 – Mike Doughty, American singer
  • 1971 – Bobby Jindal, Louisiana Politician
  • 1971 – Joel Hailey, American singer
  • 1971 – Bruno N’Gotty, French footballer
  • 1971 – Kyle Sandilands, Australian radio host and TV personality
  • 1972 – Steven Fischer, American film producer and director
  • 1972 – Radmila Šekerinska, Macedonian politician
  • 1973 – Faith Evans, American singer
  • 1973 – Pokey Reese, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Henrik Pedersen, Danish footballer
  • 1975 – Risto Jussilainen, Finnish ski jumper
  • 1976 – Freddy García, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Stefan Postma, Dutch footballer
  • 1976 – Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician, parliamentarian for the Party for the Animals
  • 1977 – Takako Matsu, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1978 – Shane West, American actor
  • 1978 – Brian West, American soccer player
  • 1979 – Konstantinos Loumpoutis, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Jake Tsakalidis, Georgian-Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Francelino Matuzalem, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Jessica Di Cicco, American actress
  • 1981 – Burton O’Brien, Scottish footballer
  • 1981 – Hoku, American singer and actress
  • 1981 – Prince Hashim bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1982 – Princess Madeleine of Sweden
  • 1982 – Tara Lipinski, American figure skater
  • 1983 – Leelee Sobieski, American actress
  • 1985 – Kristina Lundberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Vasilis Torosidis, Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Amobi Okoye, Nigeria-born American football player
  • 1987 – Martin Harnik, Austrian footballer

June 10 – Deaths:

  • 323 BC – Alexander the Great (b. 356 BC)
  • 1075 – Ernest of Austria (b. 1027)
  • 1190 – Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor (drowned) (b. 1122)
  • 1424 – Duke Ernest of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1552 – Alexander Barclay, English poet
  • 1556 – Martin Agricola, German composer (b. 1486)
  • 1580 – Luís de Camões, Portuguese poet
  • 1607 – John Popham, English politician
  • 1654 – Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor (b. 1598)
  • 1680 – Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (b. 1635)
  • 1735 – Thomas Hearne, English antiquarian (b. 1678)
  • 1776 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (b. 1722)
  • 1791 – Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1720)
  • 1831 – Hans Karl von Diebitsch, Russian field marshal (b. 1785)
  • 1836 – André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
  • 1849 – Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (b. 1784)
  • 1896 – Amelia Dyer, English murderer (b. 1829)
  • 1899 – Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855)
  • 1901 – Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
  • 1902 – Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (b. 1845)
  • 1909 – Edward Everett Hale, American author (b. 1822)
  • 1912 – Anton Aškerc, Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
  • 1918 – Arrigo Boito, Italian composer (b. 1842)
  • 1923 – Pierre Loti, French sailor (b. 1850)
  • 1930 – Adolf Harnack, German theologian (b. 1851)
  • 1934 – Frederick Delius, English composer (b. 1862)
  • 1937 – Robert Borden, eighth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1854)
  • 1940 – Marcus Garvey, American civil rights activist (b. 1887)
  • 1944 – Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (b. 1910)
  • 1946 – Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878)
  • 1947 – Alexander Bethune, Canadian politician (b. 1852)
  • 1949 – Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
  • 1958 – Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist (b. 1880)
  • 1959 – Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (b. 1883)
  • 1967 – Spencer Tracy, American actor (b. 1900)
  • 1971 – Michael Rennie, English actor (b. 1909)
  • 1973 – William Inge, American playwright (b. 1913)
  • 1973 – Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
  • 1974 – Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900)
  • 1976 – Adolph Zukor, Hungarian-born producer (b. 1873)
  • 1982 – Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German author (b. 1945)
  • 1982 – Addie “Micki” Harris, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1940)
  • 1986 – Merle Miller, American biographer (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 1988 – Louis L’Amour, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Vercors, French writer (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – U.S. Army Sgt. Zak Hernández (b. 1973)
  • 1993 – Les Dawson, English Comedian (b. 1934)
  • 1996 – George Hees, Canadian politician (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Jo Van Fleet, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Hammond Innes, English author (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Jim Hearn, American baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Brian Statham, English cricketer (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Princess Leila of Iran (b. 1970)
  • 2001 – Mike Mentzer, American bodybuilder (b. 1951)
  • 2002 – John Gotti, American gangster (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Donald Regan, Chief of Staff and U.S. Treasury Secretary (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Bernard Williams, English philosopher (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Dr. Phil Williams, Welsh politician and scientist (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Ray Charles, American musician (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Curtis Pitts, American aircraft designer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (b. 1940)

June 10 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – fourth day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
  • Portugal Day – National day of Portugal, Camões and the Portuguese Communities

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On This Day in History June 9

June 9 – Events:

  • 68 – Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging.
  • 721 – Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse.
  • 1310 – Duccio’s Maestà Altarpiece, a seminal artwork of the early Italian Renaissance, is unveiled and installed in the Siena Cathedral in Siena, Italy.
  • 1534 – Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the St. Lawrence River.
  • 1650 – The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It was the first legal corporation in the Americas.
  • 1667 – The Raid on the Medway by the Dutch fleet starts lasting for five days and resulting in a decisive victory of the Dutch over the English in the Second Anglo-Dutch War and a favorable peace for the Dutch.
  • 1732 – James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia.
  • 1772 – British vessel Gaspee is burned off of Rhode Island.
  • 1790 – Philadelphia Spelling Book by John Barry becomes the first book to be copyrighted in the United States.
  • 1815 – End of the Congress of Vienna: new European political situation is set.
  • 1856 – 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
  • 1860 – Malaeska: The Indian Wife of the White Hunter becomes the first dime novel to be published.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Brandy Station, Virginia.
  • 1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, became the first woman to drive across the United States. With three female companions, none of whom could drive a car, for fifty-nine days she drove a Maxwell automobile the 3,800 miles from Manhattan, New York, to San Francisco, California.
  • 1915 – U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding the United States’ handling of the RMS Lusitania sinking.
  • 1922 – First ringing of the Harkness Memorial Chime at Yale University.
  • 1923 – Bulgaria’s military takes over the government in a coup.
  • 1928 – Charles Kingsford Smith completes the first trans-Pacific flight in a Fokker Trimotor monoplane, the Southern Cross.
  • 1930 – Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed at the Illinois Central train station during rush hour by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a 100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.
  • 1934 – Donald Duck debuts in The Wise Little Hen.
  • 1935 – Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognized Japanese occupations in Northeast China.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Soviet Union invades East Karelia and the previously Finnish part of Karelia, since 1941 occupied by Finland.
  • 1953 – Flint-Worcester Tornadoes: A tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts killing 94.
  • 1954 – Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army.
  • 1957 – First ascent of Broad Peak (12th highest mountain).
  • 1958 – London Gatwick Airport, (LGW), Crawley, West Sussex, UK officially opened by HM Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1959 – The USS George Washington is launched as the first submarine to carry ballistic missiles.
  • 1967 – Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria during the Six-Day War.
  • 1968 – President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a national day of mourning following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
  • 1973 – Secretariat wins the Triple Crown.
  • 1974 – The diplomatic relations between Portugal and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1978 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opens the priesthood to “all worthy men,” ending a 148-year-old policy excluding black men.
  • 1983 – Margaret Thatcher wins a second term by a landslide in the British General Election with a majority of 144 for her Conservative Party. Tony Blair is elected for the first time to Parliament.
  • 1985 – Thomas Sutherland is kidnapped in Lebanon (he was not released until 1991).
  • 1986 – The Rogers Commission releases its report on the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  • 1991 – The congress of the Italian party Proletarian Democracy decides to merge with the Communist Refoundation Party.
  • 1997 – The last episode of Married With Children premiers.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and North Atlantic Treaty Organization sign a peace treaty.

June 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1508 – Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (d. 1586)
  • 1580 – Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (d. 1655)
  • 1588 – Johann Andreas Herbst, German composer (d. 1666)
  • 1595 – King Wladislaus IV of Poland (d. 1648)
  • 1640 – Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1705)
  • 1661 – Tsar Feodor III of Russia (d. 1682)
  • 1672 – Tsar Peter I of Russia (d. 1725)
  • 1686 – Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (d. 1747)
  • 1768 – Samuel Slater, American industrialist (d. 1835)
  • 1810 – Otto Nicolai, German composer (d. 1849)
  • 1812 – Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer (d. 1910)
  • 1843 – Bertha von Suttner, Austrian novelist and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
  • 1845 – Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (d. 1914)
  • 1849 – Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (d. 1927)
  • 1851 – Charles Joseph Bonaparte, French politician (d. 1921)
  • 1865 – Albéric Magnard, French composer (d. 1914)
  • 1865 – Carl Nielsen, Danish composer (d. 1931)
  • 1875 – Henry Hallett Dale, English scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Bobby Kerr, Canadian sprinter (d. 1963)
  • 1890 – Leslie Banks, British actor (d. 1952)
  • 1891 – Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – Irish Meusel, American baseball player (d. 1963)
  • 1898 – Luigi Fagioli, Italian race car driver (d. 1952) 1900 – Fred Waring, American bandleader (d. 1984)
  • 1911 – George Webb, British actor (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Ingolf Dahl, American composer (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Les Paul, American guitarist (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Robert McNamara, United States Secretary of Defense and president of the World Bank (d. 2009)
  • 1921 – Arthur Hertzberg, American Jewish scholar (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (d. 1941)
  • 1922 – Fernand Seguin, French Canadian biochemist – Radio and TV animator (d. 1988)
  • 1922 – George Axelrod, American screenwriter, producer, playwright and film director (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Keith Laumer, science fiction writer (d. 1993)
  • 1929 – Johnny Ace, American singer (d. 1954)
  • 1930 – Barbara, French singer (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Jackie Mason, American comedian
  • 1931 – Joe Santos, American actor
  • 1931 – Bill Virdon, American baseball player and manager
  •  1934 – Jackie Wilson, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1936 – Mick O’Dwyer, Gaelic footballer and manager
  • 1937 – Harald Rosenthal, German biologist
  • 1938 – Charles Wuorinen, American composer
  • 1939 – Ileana Cotrubas, Romanian soprano
  • 1939 – David Hobbs, English race car driver and personality on American TV
  • 1939 – Dick Vitale, American sportscaster
  • 1939 – Charles Webb, author
  • 1940 – Shirley Muldowney, Racecar Driver
  • 1941 – Jon Lord, organist in Deep Purple
  • 1943 – Joe Haldeman, science fiction writer
  • 1945 – Luis Ocaña, Spanish cyclist (d. 1994)
  • 1945 – Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater
  • 1947 – Kiran Bedi, Indian Police Service Officer
  • 1947 – John Gurda, American historian
  • 1947 – Mitch_Mitchell, drummer for Jimi Hendrix
  • 1948 – Gudrun Schyman, Swedish politician
  • 1951 – Dave Parker, American baseball player
  • 1951 – James Newton Howard, American film composer
  • 1952 – Uzi Hitman, Israeli singer
  • 1954 – George Pérez, American comic book artist
  • 1954 – Gregory Maguire, American fantasy writer
  • 1956 – Patricia Cornwell, American author
  • 1961 – Michael J. Fox, Canadian-born actor
  • 1961 – Aaron Sorkin, American writer
  • 1963 – Johnny Depp, American actor
  • 1963 – Gilad Atzmon, Israeli jazz musician and author
  • 1964 – Gloria Reuben, Canadian actress
  • 1964 – Hiroko Yakushimaru, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1967 – Dean Felber, American Guitarist
  • 1968 – Niki Bakoyianni, Greek high jumper
  • 1969 – Eric Wynalda, American footballer
  • 1971 – Gilles De Bilde, Belgian footballer
  • 1971 – John McKeown, Scottish musician (Yummy Fur, 1990s)
  • 1971 – Rick Renstrom, American guitarist
  • 1972 – Tomoe Hanba, Japanese voice actress
  • 1973 – Tedy Bruschi, American football player
  • 1973 – Laura Ponte, Spanish model and royal
  • 1973 – Frederic Choffat, Swiss film director
  • 1974 – Samoth, Norwegian guitarist (Emperor, Zyklon)
  • 1974 – Tim Shaw, British radio personality
  • 1974 – Randy Winn, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Andrew Symonds, Australian cricketer
  • 1975 – Otto Addo, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1975 – Jeff Saturday, American football player
  • 1977 – Roopa Mishra, Indian civil servant
  • 1977 – Amisha Patel, Indian actress
  • 1977 – Peja Stojakovic, Serbian basketball player
  • 1978 – Shandi Finnessey, game hostess
  • 1978 – Matthew Bellamy, British musician (Muse)
  • 1978 – Miroslav Klose, German footballer
  • 1979 – Ruka, Japanese Drummer
  • 1980 – Mike Fontenot, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Lehlohonolo Seema, Lesotho footballer
  • 1980 – Udonis Haslem, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Natalie Portman, Israeli-born actress
  • 1981 – Vic Zhou, JVKV band member, Taiwanese actor, singer and model.
  • 1982 – Christina Stürmer, Austrian singer
  • 1983 – Alektra Blue, American porn star
  • 1983 – Danny Richar, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Yulieski Gourriel, Cuban baseball player
  • 1984 – Kaleth Morales, Colombian singer and songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1984 – Wesley Sneijder, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Masoud Shojaei, Iranian footballer
  • 1985 – Sonam Kapoor, Indian actress
  • 1985 – Sebastian Telfair, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Adamo Ruggiero, Canadian actor
  • 1986 – Kary Ng, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1988 – Mae Whitman, American Actress
  • 1993 – Danielle Chuchran, American actress

June 9 – Deaths:

  • 62 – Claudia Octavia, wife of Nero (b. 40)
  • 68 – Nero, Roman Emperor (b. 37)
  • 373 – Ephrem the Syrian, Christian hymnodist
  • 597 – St. Columba, Christian missionary (b. 521)
  • 630 – King Shahrbaraz of Persia
  • 1361 – Philippe de Vitry, French composer (b. 1291)
  • 1563 – William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, English statesman (b. 1506)
  • 1572 – Jeanne d’Albret, Queen of Navarre (b. 1528)
  • 1583 – Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • 1656 – Thomas Tomkins, Welsh composer (b. 1572)
  • 1716 – Banda Bahadur, Sikh military commander (executed)
  • 1717 – Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon, French mystic (b. 1648)
  • 1834 – William Carey, one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society (b. 1761)
  • 1870 – Charles Dickens, English author (b. 1812)
  • 1875 – Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (b. 1795)
  • 1892 – Taiso Yoshitoshi, Woodblock print artist
  • 1892 – William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (b. 1863)
  • 1912 – Ion Luca Caragiale, Romanian writer (b. 1852)
  • 1946 – Ananda Mahidol, Rama VIII, king of Thailand (b. 1925)
  • 1952 – Adolf Busch, German composer (b. 1891)
  • 1958 – Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
  • 1959 – Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, German chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Camille Guérin, French scientist (b. 1872)
  • 1964 – Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Canadian-born business tycoon and politician (b.  1879)
  • 1973 – Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
  • 1974 – Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1979 – Cyclone Taylor, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1884)
  • 1981 – Allen Ludden, TV game show host (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1903)
  • 1989 – Rashid Behbudov, Azerbaijani singer and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Alexis Smith, Canadian actress (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1997 – Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Jacob Lawrence, American painter (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Rosey Brown, American football player (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Drafi Deutscher, German Schlager singer (b. 1946)

June 9 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire paganism – third day of the Vestalia in honor of the goddess Vesta
  • Liturgical feasts:

o   Catholicism:

  • Saint Alexander, martyr
  • Saint Columba
  • Blessed Columba, abbot, confessor
  • Saint Diomedes
  • Saint Edmund, bishop of Canterbury, confessor (Translation day)
  • Saint Efrem (Saint Ephraim), deacon, Doctor of the Church
  • Saint Liborius, bishop (of LeMans), confessor
  • Saint Primus and Felicianus, martyrs
  • Blessed Richard, bishop of Andria, Apulia
  • Saint Vincent, deacon, martyr
  • Saint Pelagia, virgin, martyr
  • Blessed Diana d’Andalo

o   Lutheranism:

  • Aidan of Lindisfarne

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On This Day in History June 8

June 8 – Events:

  • 68 – The Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba.
  • 536 – St. Silverius becomes Pope.
  • 1191 – Richard I arrives in Acre beginning his crusade.
  • 1405 – Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, executed in York on Henry IV’s orders.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Trois-Rivières – American invaders are driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec.
  • 1783 – The volcano Laki, in Iceland, begins an eight-month eruption which kills over 9,000 people and starts a seven-year famine.
  • 1789 – James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • 1856 – The community of Pitcairn Islands and descendants of the mutineers of the HMAV Bounty consisting of 194 people arrived on the Morayshire at Norfolk Island Commencing the Third Settlement of the Island
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Tennessee secedes from the Union.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys – Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.
  • 1887 – Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator.
  • 1906 – Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.
  • 1912 – Carl Laemmle incorporated Universal Pictures.
  • 1928 – Second Northern Expedition: NRA captures Peking, whose name is changed to Beijing.
  • 1941 – World War II: Allies invade Syria and Lebanon.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shell the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle.
  • 1948 – Milton Berle hosts the debut of Texaco Star Theater.
  • 1949 – Such celebrities as Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
  • 1950 – Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Field Marshal in Australian history.
  • 1953 – Flint-Worcester Tornadoes: A tornado hits the U.S. city of Flint, Michigan, and kills 115.
  • 1953 – The United States Supreme Court rules Washington, D.C. restaurants could not refuse to serve black patrons.
  • 1959 – The USS Barbero and United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail.
  • 1966 – One of the XB-70 Valkyrie prototypes is destroyed in a mid-air collision with a F-104 Starfighter chase plane during a photo shoot. NASA pilot Joseph A. Walker and USAF test pilot Carl Cross were both killed.
  • 1966 – Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an “F5″ on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War: The USS Liberty incident occurs, killing 34 and wounding 171.
  • 1968 – James Earl Ray is arrested for the murder of Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • 1968 – The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1974 – An F4 tornado strikes the U.S. city of Emporia, Kansas, killing six.
  • 1984 – Homosexuality is declared not a crime in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
  • 1986 – Former United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim is elected president of Austria.
  • 1992 – The first World Ocean Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 1995 – Downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O’Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.
  • 1996 – Panama becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

June 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1625 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian scientist (d. 1712)
  • 1671 – Tomaso Albinoni, Italian composer (d. 1751)
  • 1717 – John Collins, American politician (d. 1795)
  • 1724 – John Smeaton, English civil engineer (d. 1794)
  • 1743 – Alessandro Cagliostro, Italian adventurer (d. 1795)
  • 1745 – Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1757 – Cardinal Ercole Consalvi, Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal (d. 1824)
  • 1810 – Robert Schumann, German composer (d. 1856)
  • 1831 – Thomas J. Higgins, decorated Union Army soldier (d. 1917)
  • 1842 – John Q. A. Brackett, 36 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1918)
  • 1847 – Ida McKinley, First Lady of the United States (d. 1907)
  • 1851 – Jacques-Arsène d’Arsonval, French physicist (d. 1940)
  • 1859 – Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure (d. 1947)
  • 1860 – Alicia Boole Stott, Irish mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1867 – Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (d. 1957)
  • 1897 – John G. Bennett, British scientist and author (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Lena Baker, American murderer (d. 1945)
  • 1903 – Ralph Yarborough, U.S. Senator from Texas (d. 1996)
  • 1903 – Marguerite Yourcenar, French author (d. 1987)
  • 1910 – John W. Campbell, American publisher and editor (d. 1971)
  • 1910 – Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Edmundo Rivero, Argentine singer (d. 1986)
  • 1912 – Harry Holtzman, American abstract artist (d. 1987)
  • 1912 – Maurice Bellemare, French Canadian politician (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Francis Crick, English molecular biologist; Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Luigi Comencini, Italian film director (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Byron White, American athlete and Supreme Court Justice (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Robert Preston, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – John D. Roberts, American chemist
  • 1921 – LeRoy Neiman, American painter
  • 1921 – Alexis Smith, Canadian actress (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Suharto, President of Indonesia (d. 2008)
  • 1923 – Malcolm Boyd, American Episcopal Priest and author
  • 1924 – Lyn Nofziger, American political operative (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Barbara Bush, First Lady of the United States
  • 1925 – Eddie Gaedel, American baseball player (d. 1961)
  • 1925 – Del Ennis, baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Jerry Stiller, American comedian and actor
  • 1930 – Robert Aumann, German-born Israeli mathematician; Nobel laureate
  • 1931 – Dana Wynter, German-born American actress
  • 1933 – Joan Rivers, American comedian and author
  • 1934 – Millicent Martin, English singer and actress
  • 1936 – James Darren, American actor and singer
  • 1936 – Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Bernie Casey, American football player and actor
  • 1940 – Nancy Sinatra, American singer
  • 1941 – Robert Bradford, Northern Irish politician (d. 1981)
  • 1941 – Fuzzy Haskins, American musician (P Funk)
  • 1942 – Doug Mountjoy, Welsh snooker player
  • 1942 – Chuck Negron, American singer (Three Dog Night)
  • 1943 – Colin Baker, British actor
  • 1943 – William Calley, American war criminal
  • 1943 – Willie Davenport, American athlete (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Mark Belanger, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1944 – Marc Ouellet, Archbishop of Quebec City
  • 1944 – Boz Scaggs, American singer and songwriter
  • 1947 – Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1949 – Emanuel Ax, Polish-born pianist
  • 1950 – Kathy Baker, American actress
  • 1950 – Sonia Braga, Brazilian actress
  • 1951 – Bonnie Tyler, Welsh singer and guitarist
  • 1951 – Tony Rice, American acoustic guitarist
  • 1953 – Olav Stedje, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1953 – Ad Tak, Dutch cyclist
  • 1954 – Sergei Storchak, Russian deputy finance minister
  • 1955 – Tim Berners-Lee, English internet developer
  • 1955 – Griffin Dunne, American actor
  • 1955 – Greg Ginn, American guitarist (Black Flag)
  • 1957 – Scott Adams, American cartoonist
  • 1957 – Don Robinson, baseball player
  • 1958 – Keenen Ivory Wayans, American actor and director
  • 1960 – Mick Hucknall, English singer and songwriter (Simply Red)
  • 1960 – Thomas Steen, Swedish hockey player
  • 1962 – Nick Rhodes, English musician (Duran Duran)
  • 1962 – Kristine W, American musician
  • 1963 – Keti Garbi, Greek singer
  • 1964 – Butch Reynolds, American former 400m runner
  • 1965 – Kevin Farley, American actor
  • 1965 – Rob Pilatus, member of Milli Vanilli (d. 1998)
  • 1965 – Chris Chavis, American professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Julianna Margulies, American actress
  • 1969 – J.P. Manoux, American actor
  • 1969 – Marcos Siega, American director
  • 1969 – David Sutcliffe, Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Gabrielle Giffords, American politician
  • 1970 – Teresa Strasser, American Morning Radio Host
  • 1970 – Kelli Williams, American actress
  • 1971 – Troy Vincent, American footballer
  • 1971 – Mark Feuerstein, American actor
  • 1972 – Christian Mayrleb, Austrian footballer
  • 1973 – Lexa Doig, Canadian actress
  • 1973 – Lucija Šerbedžija, Croatian actress
  • 1975 – Bryan McCabe, Canadian hockey player
  • 1975 – Shilpa Shetty, Indian actress
  • 1976 – Lindsay Davenport, American tennis player
  • 1976 – Kenji Johjima, Japanese baseball player
  • 1977 – Kanye West, American rapper
  • 1978 – Maria Menounos, American actress and television host
  • 1979 – Pete Orr, Canadian baseball player
  • 1979 – Derek Trucks, American guitarist (Derek Trucks Band)
  • 1979 – Adine Wilson, New Zealand netball player
  • 1981 – Alex Band, American singer (The Calling)
  • 1981 – Matteo Meneghello, Italian racing driver
  • 1981 – Ai Nonaka, Japanese voice actor
  • 1981 – Sara Watkins, American fiddle player
  • 1982 – Dickson Etuhu, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Irina Lazareanu, Canadian model
  • 1982 – Katy Morgan-Davies, British politician
  • 1983 – Kim Clijsters, Belgian tennis player
  • 1983 – Lee Harding, Australian punk-rock singer
  • 1983 – Mamoru Miyano, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1983 – Nadia Petrova, Russian tennis player
  • 1984 – Andrea Casiraghi, son of Princess Caroline of Monaco
  • 1984 – Javier Mascherano, Argentine footballer
  • 1985 – Alexandre Despatie, French-Canadian diver

June 8 – Deaths:

  • 218 – Macrinus, Roman Emperor
  • 632 – Muhammad, Prophet of Islam (b. 570)
  • 1042 – Harthacanute, King of Denmark and England (b. 1018)
  • 1376 – Edward, the Black Prince, son of Edward III of England (b. 1330)
  • 1383 – Thomas de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros, English Crusader (b. 1338)
  • 1384 – Kanami, Japanese actor (b. 1333)
  • 1476 – George Neville, English archbishop and statesman
  • 1505 – Hongzhi, Emperor of China (b. 1470)
  • 1611 – Jean Bertaut, French poet (b. 1552)
  • 1612 – Hans Leo Hassler, German composer (b. 1562)
  • 1621 – Anne de Xainctonge, French saint (b. 1567)
  • 1628 – Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (b. 1547)
  • 1714 – Sophia of Hanover, heir to the throne of Great Britain (b. 1630)
  • 1716 – Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1658)
  • 1727 – August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (b. 1663)
  • 1768 – Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German classical scholar and archaeologist (b. 1717)
  • 1771 – George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman (b. 1716)
  • 1795 – King Louis XVII of France (b. 1785)
  • 1809 – Thomas Paine, American revolutionary and writer (b. 1737)
  • 1835 – Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (b. 1761)
  • 1845 – Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States (b. 1767)
  • 1857 – Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright and satirist (b. 1803)
  • 1874 – Cochise, Apache leader
  • 1876 – George Sand, French author (b. 1804)
  • 1885 – Ignace Bourget, Bishop of Montreal (b. 1799)
  • 1924 – Andrew Irvine, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1902)
  • 1924 – George Leigh Mallory, English mountain climber (climbing accident) (b. 1886)
  • 1929 – Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (b. 1861)
  • 1951 – Eugène Fiset, French Canadian military officer and politician (b. 1874)
  • 1956 – Marie Laurencin, French painter (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Edmondo Rossoni, Italian fascist (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Robert Taylor, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1970 – Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (b. 1908)
  • 1972 – Jimmy Rushing, American blues singer (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Ernst Busch, German singer and actor (b. 1900)
  • 1982 – Satchel Paige, American baseball player (b. 1906)
  • 1984 – Gordon Jacob, English composer (b. 1895)
  • 1993 – Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (b. 1945)
  • 1998 – Sani Abacha, President of Nigeria (b. 1943)
  • 1998 – Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (b. 1903)
  • 2000 – Jeff MacNelly, American political cartoonist (b. 1948)
  • 2003 – Leighton Rees, Welsh darts player (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Mack Jones, American baseball player (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Robert Donner, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Abouna Matta El Meskeen, Coptic Orthodox monk (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Kenny Olsson, Swedish speedway racer (b. 1977)
  • 2007 – Richard Rorty, American postanalytic, pragmatic philosopher (b. 1931)

June 8 – Holidays:

  • Norfolk Island Anniversary Day, also known as Bounty Day.
  • Roman Empire – second day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta.
  • World Ocean Day.

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On This Day in History June 7

June 7 – Events:

  • 1099 – The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins.
  • 1494 – Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas which divides the New World between the two countries.
  • 1654 – Louis XIV is crowned King of France.
  • 1692 – Port Royal, Jamaica, is hit by a catastrophic earthquake; in just three minutes, 1,600 people are killed and 3,000 are seriously injured.
  • 1776 – Richard Henry Lee presents the “Lee Resolution” to the Continental Congress, for the independence of the United States. Motion seconded by John Adams.
  • 1800 – David Thompson reaches the mouth of the Saskatchewan River in Manitoba.
  • 1832 – Asian cholera brought to Quebec by Irish immigrants kills about 6,000 people in Lower Canada.
  • 1862 – The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade.
  • 1863 – During the French intervention in Mexico, Mexico City is captured by French troops.
  • 1866 – 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec.
  • 1880 – War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
  • 1892 – Benjamin Harrison becomes the first President of the United States to attend a baseball game.
  • 1893 – Gandhi’s first act of civil disobedience.
  • 1905 – Norway dissolves its union with Sweden.
  • 1906 – Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania is launched at the John Brown Shipyard, Glasgow (Clydebank), Scotland.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Messines – Allied ammonal mines underneath German trenches in Mesen Ridge are detonated, killing 10,000 German troops.
  • 1919 – Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.
  • 1935 – Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1936 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee, a trade union, is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Philip Murray is elected its first president.
  • 1938 – The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight.
  • 1940 – King Haakon VII of Norway, Crown Prince Olav and the Norwegian government leave Tromsø and go into exile in London.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Midway ends.
  • 1942 – Japanese soldiers occupy the American islands of Attu and Kiska, in the Aleutian Islands off Alaska, as the Axis power continues to expand its defensive perimeter.
  • 1944 – Nazi Panzer SS troops murder 23 Canadian prisoners of war in Normandy.
  • 1945 – King Haakon VII of Norway returns with his family to Oslo after five years in exile.
  • 1948 – Edvard Beneš resigns as President of Czechoslovakia rather than signing a Constitution making his nation a Communist state.
  • 1955 – Lux Radio Theater signs off the air permanently. The show launched in New York in 1934, and featured radio adaptations of Broadway shows and popular films.
  • 1965 – The US Supreme Court decides Griswold v. Connecticut effectively legalizing the use of contraception by married couples.
  • 1966 – Former movie star, Ronald Reagan, becomes the 33rd governor of the state of California.
  • 1967 – The Israeli forces enter Jerusalem during the Six-Day War.
  • 1968 – The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy lies in state at St. Patrick’s Cathedral, New York.
  • 1971 – The US Supreme Court overturns the conviction of Paul Cohen for disturbing the peace, setting the precedent vulgar writing is protected under the First Amendment.
  • 1975 – Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder for sale to the public.
  • 1977 – 500 million people watch on television as the high day of Jubilee gets underway for Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1981 – The Israeli Air Force destroys Iraq’s Osiraq nuclear reactor during Operation Opera. The Israelis charged the facility could have been used to make nuclear weapons.
  • 1982 – Priscilla Presley opens Graceland to the public; the bathroom where Elvis Presley died five years earlier is kept off-limits.
  • 1986 – Washington Metroraill “Vienna-Fairfax GMU” opens.
  • 1989 – A Surinam Airways DC-8 Super 62 crashes near Paramaribo Airport, Suriname, killing 168.
  • 1991 – Mount Pinatubo explodes generating an ash column 7 km (4.5 miles) high.
  • 1995 – The long range Boeing 777 enters service with United Airlines.
  • 1998 – James Byrd, Jr. is dragged to death in Jasper, Texas in a racially-motivated hate crime.
  • 2001 – Tony Blair’s Labour Party wins another landslide victory in the General Election.
  • 2006 – British Houses of Parliament temporarily shut down due to anthrax alert.

June 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1529 – Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer and man of letters (d. 1615)
  • 1761 – John Rennie, Scottish engineer (d. 1821)
  • 1770 – Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1828)
  • 1778 – Beau Brummell, English fashion leader (d. 1840)
  • 1811 – James Young Simpson, British obstetrician (d. 1870)
  • 1831 – Amelia Edwards, English author and Egyptologist (d. 1892)
  • 1840 – Charlotte of Belgium, Empress of Mexico (d. 1927)
  • 1845 – Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist and composer (d. 1930)
  • 1848 – Paul Gauguin, French painter (d. 1903)
  • 1862 – Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
  • 1868 – Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator (d. 1928)
  • 1872 – Alexandra Fyodorovna (Alix of Hesse), Tsarissa of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1877 – Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1944)
  • 1879 – Knud Rasmussen, Greenland-born explorer (d. 1933)
  • 1883 – Sylvanus Morley, U.S. archaeologist and spy (d. 1948)
  • 1886 – Henri Coanda, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Alexander de Seversky, Russian-American aviation pioneer (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1896 – Imre Nagy, Hungarian politician (d. 1958)
  • 1896 – Douglas Campbell, American World War I flying ace (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – George Szell, Hungarian conductor (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Elizabeth Bowen, Irish novelist (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Glen Gray, Jazz musician and leader of the Casa Loma Orchestra (d. 1963)
  • 1902 – Herman B Wells, president and chancellor of Indiana University (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Virginia Apgar, American physician and childbirth specialist (d. 1974)
  • 1909 – Peter W. Rodino, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Jessica Tandy, English-born actress (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Bradford Washburn, American explorer, (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Brooks Stevens, automotive designer (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Dean Martin, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – Georges Marchais, French politician (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Tal Farlow, American jazz guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Leo Reise, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1923 – Jules Deschênes, Canadian jurist (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Charles de Tornaco, Belgian racing driver (d. 1953)
  • 1928 – Dave Bowen, former Wales international football manager (d. 1995)
  • 1928 – James Ivory, American film director
  • 1928 – Reg Park, British bodybuilder
  • 1929 – John Turner, seventeenth Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1929 – The Grand Wizard of Wrestling, Wrestling manager (d. 1983)
  • 1931 – Malcolm Morley, English-born painter
  • 1935 – Harry Crews, American author
  • 1935 – Thomas Kailath, American engineer
  • 1937 – Neeme Järvi, Estonian conductor
  • 1938 – Goose Gonsoulin, American football player
  • 1940 – Tom Jones, Welsh singer
  • 1943 – Nikki Giovanni, American poet
  • 1945 – Wolfgang Schüssel, Chancellor of Austria
  • 1945 – Gilles Marotte, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Jenny Jones, Palestinian-born comedian and talk show host
  • 1947 – Thurman Munson, American baseball player (d. 1979)
  • 1950 – Gary Graham American actor
  • 1952 – Liam Neeson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1953 – Dougie Donnelly, Scottish television broadcaster
  • 1953 – Johnny Clegg, South African musician
  • 1954 – Louise Erdrich, American author
  • 1955 – Tim Richmond, American race car driver (d. 1989)
  • 1956 – L.A. Reid, American music producer
  • 1957 – Juan Luis Guerra, Dominican musician
  • 1957 – Paddy McAloon, English singer and songwriter (Prefab Sprout)
  • 1958 – Surakiart Sathirathai, Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1958 – Prince, American musician
  • 1960 – Bill Prady, American television producer
  • 1961 – Dave Catching, American musician
  • 1962 – Thierry Hazard, French singer and songwriter
  • 1962 – Takuya Kurosawa, Japanese racing driver
  • 1963 – Roberto Alagna, French tenor
  • 1964 – Judie Aronson, American actress
  • 1964 – Gia Carides, Greek-Australian actress
  • 1965 – Mick Foley, American professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Damien Hirst, English artist
  • 1966 – Stephane Richer, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Dave Navarro, American musician
  • 1969 – Kim Rhodes, American actress
  • 1969 – Prince Joachim of Denmark
  • 1970 – Mike Modano, American ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Cafu, Brazilian footballer
  • 1970 – Andrei Kovalenko, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Alex X. Mooney, American politician
  • 1972 – Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
  • 1973 – Song Yun-ah, South Korean model and actress
  • 1973 – Bear Grylls, British survivor
  • 1974 – Cassius Khan Canadian Tabla player/vocalist
  • 1974 – Mahesh Bhupathi, Indian tennis player
  • 1975 – Allen Iverson, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Necro, Jewish American rapper
  • 1977 – Marcin Baszczynski, Polish soccer player
  • 1977 – Joe Horgan, baseball player
  • 1977 – Odalis Pérez, baseball player
  • 1978 – Tony An, Korean singer H.O.T
  • 1978 – Bill Hader, American comedian
  • 1979 – Kevin Hofland, Dutch footballer
  • 1981 – Anna Kournikova, Russian tennis player
  • 1981 – Larisa Oleynik, Ukrainian-born actress
  • 1981 – Stephen Bywater, British goalkeeper
  • 1981 – Tyler Johnson, baseball player
  • 1981 – Kevin Kyle, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Virgil Vasquez, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Mark Lowe, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Charlie Simpson, British pop singer
  • 1988 – Michael Cera, Canadian actor
  • 1993 – Jordan Fry, American actor

June 7 – Deaths:

  • 1329 – Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland (b. 1274)
  • 1358 – Ashikaga Takauji, Japanese shogun (b. 1305)
  • 1394 – Anne of Bohemia, wife of Richard II of England (plague) (b. 1367)
  • 1618 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English Governor of Virginia (b. 1577)
  • 1676 – Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (b. 1606)
  • 1711 – Henry Dodwell, Irish theologian (b. 1641)
  • 1779 – William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1698)
  • 1810 – Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (b. 1765)
  • 1821 – Tudor Vladimirescu, Romanian rebellion-leader (b. cca. 1780)
  • 1826 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (b. 1787)
  • 1840 – King Frederick William III of Prussia (b. 1770)
  • 1854 – Charles Baudin, French admiral (b. 1792)
  • 1859 – David Cox, English artist (b. 1783)
  • 1866 – Chief Seattle, Native American leader
  • 1896 – Pavlos Carrer, Greek composer (b. 1829)
  • 1911 – Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (b. 1842)
  • 1916 – Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (b. 1847)
  • 1927 – Edmund James Flynn, Premier of Quebec (b. 1847)
  • 1936 – Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (b. 1875)
  • 1937 – Jean Harlow, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1942 – Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (b. 1903)
  • 1951 – Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (b. 1892)
  • 1954 – Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1912)
  • 1963 – Zasu Pitts, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Judy Holliday, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1966 – Jean Arp, Alsatian sculptor, painter, and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1967 – Dorothy Parker, American writer (b. 1893)
  • 1967 – Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1968 – Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – E. M. Forster, English author (b. 1879)
  • 1978 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Forrest Carter, American author (b. 1925)
  • 1980 – Henry Miller, American writer (b. 1891)
  • 1980 – Elizabeth Craig, British writer (b. 1883)
  • 1988 – Vernon Washington, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1989 – Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Dražen Petrovic, Croatian basketball player (b. 1964)
  • 1995 – Hsuan Hua, influential Buddhist master in the United States (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Max Factor, Jr., American businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Paco Stanley, Mexican TV entertainer (b. 1942)
  • 2001 – Carole Fredericks, American singer (Fredericks Goldman Jones) (b. 1952)
  • 2001 – Víctor Paz Estenssoro, President of Bolivia (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Mary Lilian Baels, Belgian princess (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Trevor Goddard, English actor (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – John Tenta, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1963)
  • 2006 – Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian-born terrorist (b. 1966)

June 7 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – first day of the Vestalia (penus vestae) in honor of Vesta.
  • Norway – Union Dissolution Day, observing the 1905 decision to dissolve the Union between Sweden and Norway.
  • Malta – Sette giugno – Riot in Malta that began the road to self government and then independence.
  • Liturgical feasts:

o   Roman Catholic Church and some Anglican churches: Corpus Christi

o   Colman, bishop of Dromore

o   Saint Maximinus, bishop of Aix, confessor

o   Blessed Robert, abbot of Newminster, Northumberland

o   Saint Servatius, bishop, confessor or martyr (Translation day)

o   Saint Wulstan, bishop of Worcester, confessor (Translation day)

o   Blessed Meriadec, bishop of Vannes

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