On This Day in History October 19

October 19 – Events:

  • 202 BCE – The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal.
  • 439 – The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
  • 1216 – King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year old son Henry.
  • 1453 – The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years’ War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil.
  • 1466 – The Thirteen Years’ War ends with the Second Treaty of Torun. Gdansk Pomerania and Prussia as a whole are incorporated into Poland; the Teutonic Knights are allowed to rule its eastern part as Polish vassals.
  • 1469 – Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
  • 1512 – Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).
  • 1649 – New Ross town, Co. Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
  • 1781 – At Yorktown, Virginia, British commander Lord Cornwallis surrendered to a Franco-American force led by George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau, paving the way for the end of the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1789 – Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1812 – Napoleon I of France retreats from Moscow.
  • 1813 – The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats.
  • 1822 – In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
  • 1864 – Battle of Cedar Creek – Union Army under Philip Sheridan destroys Confederate Army under Jubal Early.
  • 1864 – Confederate raiders launch an attack on Saint Albans, Vermont from Canada.
  • 1873 – Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
  • 1904 – Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O’Reilley.
  • 1912 – Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914 – The First Battle of Ypres begins.
  • 1917 – Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened.
  • 1921 – Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
  • 1933 – Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
  • 1935 – The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
  • 1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
  • 1944 – United States forces land in the Philippines.
  • 1950 – The military of the People’s Republic of China takes control of the town of Chamdo in eastern Tibet.
  • 1954 – First ascent of Cho Oyu
  • 1960 – The United States government places an embargo on Communist Cuba.
  • 1969 – The first Prime Minister of Tunisia in twelve years, Bahi Ladgham, is appointed by President Habib Bourguiba.
  • 1973 – President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court demand to turn over the Watergate tapes.
  • 1974 – Niue becomes self-govering colony of New Zealand
  • 1976 – Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon. The same day, the Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) is placed on the List of Endangered Species.
  • 1983 – Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, is overthrown and executed in a military coup d’état led by Bernard Coard.
  • 1986 – Samora Machel, President of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, and 33 others died when their Tupolev 134 plane crashed into the Lebombo Mountains.
  • 1987 – In retaliation for Iranian attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf, the U.S. Navy disables three of Iran’s offshore oil platforms.
  • 1987 – (Black Monday) Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points. This is considered a Stock Market Crash.
  • 1989 – Guildford Four convictions are quashed by the Court of Appeal – they had spent 15 years in prison through a miscarriage of justice.
  • 1991 – 7.0 Richter Scale earthquake in Northern Italy – 2000 dead
  • 1994 – The Goodnight Kiwi airs in New Zealand for the last time as TV2 moves to 24-hour television 7 days a week.
  • 1998 – The Earth Liberation Front sets fire to the Vail Mountain ski resort in Vail, Colorado, causing $12 million in damage.
  • 2001 – SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sank in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
  • 2003 – Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
  • 2004 – Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the Thai government on charges of corruption.
  • 2004 – Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.
  • 2005 – Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
  • 2006 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the 12,000 mark for the first time.
  • 2007 – Philippines. Amidst corruption controversies hounding the Arroyo administration, a bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati, which killed 11 and injured more than 100 people.

October 19 – Birthdays:

  • 1276 – Prince Hisaaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1328)
  • 1433 – Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (d. 1499)
  • 1562 – Archbishop George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1633)
  • 1582 – Dmitry Ivanovich, Tsarevich (d. 1591)
  • 1605 – Thomas Browne, English writer (d. 1682)
  • 1610 – James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (d. 1688)
  • 1658 – Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
  • 1680 – John Abernethy, Irish Protestant minister (d. 1740)
  • 1688 – William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1718 – Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (d. 1804)
  • 1720 – John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (d. 1772)
  • 1721 – Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist (d. 1800)
  • 1784 – John McLoughlin, Canadian fur trader (d. 1857)
  • 1810 – Cassius Marcellus Clay, American abolitionist (d. 1903)
  • 1851 – Empress Myeongseong, Empress of Korea (d. 1895)
  • 1858 – George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (d. 1937)
  • 1862 – Auguste Lumière, French inventor (d. 1954)
  • 1873 – Jaap Eden, Dutch skater and cyclist (d. 1925)
  • 1873 – John Barton King, American cricketer (d. 1965)
  • 1876 – Mordecai Brown, baseball player (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Umberto Boccioni, futurist painter (d. 1916)
  • 1885 – Charles Merrill, American investment banker (d. 1956)
  • 1895 – Lewis Mumford, American historian (d. 1990)
  • 1895 – Frank Durbin Last U.S veteran of the Battle of Verdun (d.1999)
  • 1896 – Bob O’Farrell, baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1897 – Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • 1899 – Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1900 – Bill Ponsford, Australian cricketer (d. 1991)
  • 1900 – Roy Worters, Canadian ice hockey goaltender (d. 1957)
  • 1900 – Erna Berger, German soprano (d. 1990)
  • 1901 – Arleigh Burke, Naval commander (d. 1996)
  • 1903 – Tor Johnson, Swedish wrestler and actor (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader (d. 1962)
  • 1908 – Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian composer (d. 1981)
  • 1909 – Cozy Cole, American jazz drummer (d. 1981)
  • 1909 – Marguerite Perey, French physicist (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1916 – Jean Dausset, French immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1916 – Emil Gilels, Ukrainian pianist (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Jack Anderson, American journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Joel Feinberg, American moral philosopher (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Arne Bendiksen, Norwegian singer and songwriter
  • 1931 – John le Carré, English novelist
  • 1932 – Robert Reed, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1936 – Tony Lo Bianco, American actor
  • 1937 – Peter Max, American artist
  • 1937 – Marilyn Bell, Canadian long distance swimmer
  • 1940 – Michael Gambon, Irish actor
  • 1941 – Simon Ward, British actor
  • 1942 – Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney
  • 1943 – Robin Holloway, British composer
  • 1943 – Takis Ikonomopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1944 – Peter Tosh, Jamaican musician, political activist (d. 1987)
  • 1944 – George McCrae, American soul singer
  • 1945 – Divine, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1945 – Patricia Ireland, President of the NOW
  • 1945 – John Lithgow, American actor
  • 1945 – Jeannie C. Riley American country and gospel singer
  • 1946 – Philip Pullman, English writer
  • 1947 – Giorgio Cavazzano, comics artist and illustrator
  • 1948 – Patrick Simmons, American musician (The Doobie Brothers)
  • 1949 – Lynn Dickey, American football player
  • 1949 – Jamie McGrigor, British politician
  • 1951 – Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematical physicist, recipient of the Bôcher Memorial Prize
  • 1952 – Verónica Castro, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1954 – Joe Bryant, American former professional basketball player
  • 1954 – Sam Allardyce, English football manager
  • 1954 – Deborah Blum, American writer
  • 1955 – Melpo Kosti, Greek actress
  • 1956 – Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (d. 1993)
  • 1956 – Sunny Deol, Indian actor
  • 1956 – Didier Theys, Belgian racing driver
  • 1957 – Ray Richmond, entertainment/media columnist
  • 1957 – Karl Wallinger, Welsh musician (The Waterboys, World Party)
  • 1957 – Doug Kirby, American author and travel guide
  • 1958 – Tiriel Mora, Australian actor
  • 1958 – Lou Briel, Puerto Rican singer and actor
  • 1960 – Jonathan FeBland, English musician and artist
  • 1962 – Tracy Chevalier, American author
  • 1962 – Evander Holyfield, American boxer
  • 1963 – Prince Laurent of Belgium
  • 1964 – Jorge Luis Gonzales, Cuban-born American boxer
  • 1965 – Brad Daugherty, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Ty Pennington, American television carpenter
  • 1966 – Roger R. Cross, Jamaican-born actor
  • 1966 – Jon Favreau, American actor, writer and director
  • 1967 – Yoko Shimomura, Japanese composer
  • 1969 – Trey Parker, American cartoonist and actor
  • 1969 – Erwin Sánchez, Bolivian footballer
  • 1969 – DJ Sammy, Spanish DJ from Majorca
  • 1970 – Chris Kattan, American comedian and actor
  • 1972 – Keith Foulke, American baseball pitcher
  • 1972 – Pras, American musician
  • 1973 – Hicham Arazi, Moroccan tennis player
  • 1973 – Joaquin Gage, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Joy Bryant, American actress
  • 1976 – Omar Gooding, American actor
  • 1976 – Desmond Harrington, American actor
  • 1976 – Dan Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Michael Young, baseball player
  • 1977 – Louis-José Houde, Québec stand-up comic
  • 1977 – Jason Reitman, Canadian filmmaker
  • 1977 – Raúl Tamudo, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Enrique Bernoldi, Brazilian Formula One driver
  • 1978 – Zakhar Dubenskiy, Russian footballer
  • 1978 – Henri Sorvali, Finnish musician
  • 1979 – Brian Robertson, American trombonist (Suburban Legends)
  • 1979 – José Luis “Parejita” López, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Benjamin Salisbury, American actor
  • 1981 – Heikki Kovalainen, Finnish Formula One driver
  • 1982 – Gonzalo Pineda, Mexican footballer

October 19 – Deaths:

  • 727 – Saint Frideswide
  • 1187 – Pope Urban III
  • 1216 – King John
  • 1432 – John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1392)
  • 1587 – Francesco I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1541)
  • 1608 – Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (b. 1551)
  • 1636 – Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician
  • 1682 – Thomas Browne, English writer (b. 1605)
  • 1723 – Godfrey Kneller, German-born painter (b. 1646)
  • 1745 – Jonathan Swift, Irish author (b. 1667)
  • 1790 – Lyman Hall, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1724)
  • 1813 – Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish prince and Marshal of France (friendly fire) (b. 1763)
  • 1842 – Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
  • 1851 – Marie Thérèse Charlotte (b. 1778)
  • 1856 – William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (b. 1799)
  • 1889 – King Louis of Portugal (b. 1838)
  • 1897 – George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (b. 1831)
  • 1901 – Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (b. 1829)
  • 1918 – Harold Lockwood, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1936 – Lu Xun, Chinese writer (b. 1881)
  • 1937 – Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, New Zealand physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1871)
  • 1943 – Camille Claudel, French sculptor (b. 1864)
  • 1950 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet (b. 1892)
  • 1956 – Isham Jones, American musician (b. 1894)
  • 1960 – George Wallace, Australian vaudevillian and film comedian (b. 1895)
  • 1973 – Walt Kelly, American cartoonist (b. 1913)
  • 1978 – Gig Young, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1983 – Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1944)
  • 1985 – Alfred Rouleau, French Canadian businessman (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist
  • 1986 – Samora Machel, President of Mozambique (b. 1933)
  • 1987 – Jacqueline Du Pré, English cellist (b. 1945)
  • 1987 – Hermann Lang, German race car driver (b. 1909)
  • 1988 – Son House, American musician (b. 1902)
  • 1994 – Martha Raye, American comedian and actress (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Don Cherry, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1936)
  • 1997 – Glen Buxton, American guitarist (b. 1947)
  • 1999 – Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-born French writer (b. 1900)
  • 1999 – James C. Murray, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 2000 – Hortense Ellis, Jamaican reggae singer (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Alija Izetbegovic, President of Bosnia-Herzegovina (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Margaret Murie, American conservationist (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Michael Hegstrand, American professional wrestler (b. 1960)
  • 2004 – Kenneth E. Iverson, Canadian computer scientist (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Dallas Cook, American musician (Suburban Legends) (b. 1982)
  • 2005 – Corinne Lévesque, wife of Quebec premier René Lévesque (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – James Glennon, American cinematographer (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – LaLa Brown, American singer and protégé of Lyfe Jennings (b. 1986)
  • 2007 – Dr. Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Michael Maidens, English footballer with Hartlepool United (b. 1987)
  • 2007 – Jan Wolkers, Dutch writer (b. 1925)

October 19 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Armilustrium in honor of Mars
  • Roman Catholic Saints – Saints Jean de Brébeuf, Isaac Jogues, and Companions; Saint Frideswide
  • Albania – Mother Teresa Day.
  • Brazil – Independence Day of State of Piauí
  • Niue – Constitution Day in honour of the country’s independence (self-governing in free association with New Zealand) in 1974.
  • French Republican Calendar – Tomate (Tomato) Day, twenty-eighth day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • Aaron, a saint of the Coptic Church
  • Hindu Festivals, Concluding of Navratri Festival of India. It is a nine day festival attributed to the Goddess Durga, the Supreme-Divine manifested in form of Mother. The 10th day, Hindus celebrate Dasara, the mark of Lord Rama’s victory over demon Ravana – Goddess Durga Day.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History October 18

October 18 – Events:

  • 1009 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church’s foundations down to bedrock.
  • 1016 – The Danes defeat the Saxons in the Battle of Ashingdon.
  • 1081 – The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
  • 1210 – Pope Innocent III excommunicates German leader Otto IV.
  • 1356 – Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroyed the town of Basel, Switzerland.
  • 1386 – Opening of the University of Heidelberg
  • 1561 – Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima — Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts.
  • 1648 – Boston Shoemakers form first U.S. labor organization.
  • 1685 – Louis XIV of France revokes the Edict of Nantes, which has protected French Protestants.
  • 1748 – Signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
  • 1767 – Mason-Dixon line, survey separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.
  • 1775 – African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.
  • 1851 – Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.
  • 1860 – The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1867 – United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
  • 1892 – The First long distance phone call in the United States between Chicago and New York.
  • 1898 – United States takes possession of Puerto Rico.
  • 1908 – Belgium annexes the Congo Free State.
  • 1912 – The First Balkan War begins.
  • 1922 – The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service. 1925 – The Grand Ole Opry opens in Nashville, Tennessee.
  • 1929 – Women are considered “Persons” under Canadian law.
  • 1944 – Adolf Hitler orders the establishment of a German national militia.
  • 1944 – Soviet Union invades Czechoslovakia.
  • 1945 – The USSR’s nuclear program receives plans for the USA’s plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  • 1945 – A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, staged a coup d’etát against then president Isaías Medina Angarita, who was overthrown by the end of the day.
  • 1954 – Texas Instruments announces the first Transistor radio.
  • 1964 – The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair closes for its first season after a six-month run.
  • 1967 – The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.
  • 1968 – The U.S. Olympic Committee suspends two black athletes for giving a “black power” salute during a victory ceremony at the Mexico City games.
  • 1968 – Bob Beamon sets a world record of 8.90m in the long jump at the Mexico City games. This becomes the longest unbroken track and field record in history, standing for 23 years, and is later named by Sports Illustrated magazine as one of the five greatest sporting moments of the 20th century.
  • 1977 – German Autumn: a set of events revolving around the kidnapping of Hanns-Martin Schleyer and the hijacking of a Lufthansa flight by the Red Army Faction (RAF) comes to an end when Schleyer is executed and various RAF members allegedly commit suicide. The West German government states that it would never again negotiate with terrorists.
  • 1989 – East German leader Erich Honecker resigns.
  • 1991 – Azerbaijan declares independence from USSR.
  • 2003 – Bolivian Gas War: President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia.
  • 2007 – After 8 years in exile, Benazir Bhutto returns to her homeland Pakistan. The same night, suicide attackers blow themselves up near Bhutto’s convoy, killing over 100 in the cheering crowd, including 20 police officers. Bhutto escaped uninjured.

October 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1127 – Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1192)
  • 1405 – Pope Pius II (d. 1464)
  • 1517 – Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (d. 1570)
  • 1547 – Justus Lipsius, Flemish humanist (d. 1606)
  • 1569 – Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (d. 1625)
  • 1595 – Edward Winslow, Plymouth Colony founder (d. 1655)
  • 1634 – Luca Giordano, Italian artist (d. 1705)
  • 1653 – Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
  • 1662 – Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (d. 1714)
  • 1668 – John George IV, Elector of Saxony (d. 1694)
  • 1679 – Ann Putnam, Jr., American accuser in the Salem Witch Trials (d. 1716)
  • 1701 – Charles le Beau, French historian (d. 1778)
  • 1706 – Baldassare Galuppi, Italian composer (d. 1785)
  • 1741 – Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
  • 1777 – Heinrich von Kleist, German writer (d. 1811)
  • 1785 – Thomas Love Peacock, English satirist (d. 1866)
  • 1854 – Billy Murdoch, Australian cricketer (d. 1911)
  • 1859 – Henri Bergson, French philosopher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (d. 1941)
  • 1865 – Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
  • 1865 – Logan Pearsall Smith, American essayist and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1868 – Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
  • 1870 – Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki, Japanese scholar (d. 1966)
  • 1873 – Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1951)
  • 1882 – Lucien Petit-Breton, Argentine-French cyclist (d. 1917)
  • 1893 – Georges Ohsawa, Japanese founder of Macrobiotics (d. 1966)
  • 1894 – H. L. Davis, American author (d. 1960)
  • 1897 – Isabel Briggs Myers, American psychological theorist (d. 1980)
  • 1900 – Lotte Lenya, Austrian singer and actress (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1902 – Pascual Jordan, German physicist (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Lina Radke, German athlete (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – A. J. Liebling, American journalist (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – Jan Gies, Dutch resistance fighter (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – James Brooks, American painter (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and legal theorist (d. 2004)
  • 1913 – Robert Gilruth, American aviation and space pioneer (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Victor Sen Yung, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1918 – Bobby Troup, American musician (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Anita O’Day, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Pierre Elliott Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress and political activist (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Jesse Helms, U.S. Senator from North Carolina
  • 1924 – Hugh Allan “Buddy” MacMaster, Canadian musician
  • 1925 – Ramiz Alia, political leader of Albania
  • 1926 – Chuck Berry, American musician
  • 1926 – Klaus Kinski, German actor (d. 1991)
  • 1927 – George C. Scott, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1928 – Keith Jackson, American football commentator
  • 1929 – Violeta Chamorro, President of Nicaragua
  • 1931 – Chris Albertson, American jazz historian
  • 1932 – Vytautas Landsbergis, Lithuanian politician
  • 1933 – Forrest Gregg, American football player
  • 1934 – Inger Stevens, Swedish actress (d. 1970)
  • 1934 – Chuck Swindoll, American evangelist
  • 1935 – Peter Boyle, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Cynthia Weil, American songwriter
  • 1938 – Dawn Wells, American actress
  • 1939 – Mike Ditka, American football player, coach, and commentator
  • 1939 – Lee Harvey Oswald, purported American assassin of John F. Kennedy (d. 1963)
  • 1939 – Flavio Cotti, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1942 – Larry Pickering, Australian newspaper cartoonist
  • 1943 – Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • 1945 – Chris Shays, Member of the United States Congress from Connecticut
  • 1945 – Huell Howser, American TV host
  • 1945 – Yildo, Turkish famous showman and football player
  • 1946 – James Robert Baker, American novelist, screenwriter
  • 1946 – Howard Shore, Canadian film composer
  • 1947 – Job Cohen, Dutch politician, mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1947 – Joe Morton, American actor
  • 1947 – Laura Nyro, American singer and songwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Paul Chuckle, British comedian
  • 1948 – Ntozake Shange, American author
  • 1949 – Joe Egan, British musician (Stealers Wheel)
  • 1949 – George Hendrick, baseball player
  • 1949 – Gary Richrath, American musician (REO Speedwagon)
  • 1950 – Om Puri, Indian actor
  • 1950 – Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Sheila White, English actress
  • 1951 – Mike Antonovich, American ice hockey player and executive
  • 1951 – Terry McMillan, American author
  • 1951 – Pam Dawber, American actress
  • 1952 – Jerry Royster, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Liz Burch, Australian actress
  • 1955 – Timmy Mallett, British TV presenter
  • 1955 – David Twohy, American movie director and screenwriter
  • 1955 – Rita Verdonk, Dutch politician
  • 1956 – Martina Navrátilová, Czech-born tennis player
  • 1956 – Craig Bartlett, American animator
  • 1956 – Jim Talent, American senator from Missouri
  • 1957 – Doug Isaacson, Alaskan politician
  • 1957 – Catherine Ringer, French singer and songwriter (Les Rita Mitsouko)
  • 1958 – Corinne Bohrer, American actress
  • 1958 – Thomas Hearns, American boxer
  • 1958 – Kjell Samuelsson, National Hockey League defenseman
  • 1959 – Kirby Chambliss, Aerobatic pilot and Red Bull Air Racer
  • 1959 – Milco Mancevski, Macedonian film director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – John Nord, former American pro wrestler
  • 1959 – Chris “Mad Dog” Russo, American sports talk show host
  • 1959 – Steve Swayne, Dartmouth Professor
  • 1960 – Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian actor
  • 1960 – Erin Moran, American actress
  • 1961 – Wynton Marsalis, American musician
  • 1961 – Rick Moody, American author
  • 1961 – Erin Moran American actress
  • 1962 – Vincent Spano, American actor
  • 1964 – Dan Lilker, American musician, bassist for Anthrax, S.O.D., Nuclear Assault, and Brutal Truth
  • 1965 – Curtis Stigers, American jazz vocalist and saxophonist
  • 1969 – Nelson Vivas, Argentine former footballer
  • 1970 – José Padilla, American former gang member and alleged supporter of terrorism
  • 1970 – Doug Mirabelli, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Alex Tagliani, Quebec racing driver
  • 1973 – Michalis Kapsis, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Robbie Savage, Welsh footballer
  • 1974 – Peter Svensson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
  • 1974 – Candy Lo, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1975 – Alex Cora, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1976 – Zhou Xun, Chinese actress and singer
  • 1977 – Ryan Nelsen, New Zealand footballer
  • 1978 – Wesley Jonathan, American actor
  • 1978 – Mike Tindall, English rugby union player
  • 1979 – Ne-Yo, American singer
  • 1987 – Zac Efron, American actor
  • 1987 – Freja Beha Erichsen, Danish model
  • 1990 – Carly Schroeder, American actress
  • 1991 – Tyler Posey, American actor
  • 1998 – Julia Wróblewska, Polish actress
  • 2001 – Annelise Manojlovic, English actress

October 18 – Deaths:

  • 1035 – Sancho III of Navarre
  • 1101 – Hugh of Vermandois, son of Henry I of France (b. 1053)
  • 1141 – Margrave Leopold IV of Austria
  • 1417 – Pope Gregory XII
  • 1503 – Pope Pius III (b. 1439)
  • 1541 – Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (b. 1489)
  • 1545 – John Taverner, English composer
  • 1558 – Maria of Austria, wife of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (b. 1505)
  • 1564 – Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
  • 1570 – Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (b. 1517)
  • 1604 – Igram van Achelen, Dutch statesman (b. 1528)
  • 1646 – Isaac Jogues, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1607)
  • 1667 – Fasilides, Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1678 – Jacob Jordaens, Flemish painter (b. 1593)
  • 1739 – Antônio José da Silva, Brazilian-born dramatist (b. 1705)
  • 1744 – Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, close friend of Queen Anne of Great Britain (b. 1660)
  • 1770 – John Manners, Marquess of Granby, British soldier (b. 1721)
  • 1775 – Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)
  • 1817 – Etienne-Nicolas Méhul, French composer (b. 1763)
  • 1871 – Charles Babbage, English mathematician and inventor (b. 1791)
  • 1865 – Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
  • 1886 – Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (b. 1796)
  • 1889 – Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (b. 1808)
  • 1893 – Charles Gounod, French composer (b. 1818)
  • 1911 – Alfred Binet, French psychologist (b. 1857)
  • 1921 – King Ludwig III of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • 1931 – Thomas Edison, American inventor (b. 1847)
  • 1932 – Ioannis Chrysafis, Greek gymnast (b. 1873)
  • 1941 – Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7 President of Portugal (b. 1860)
  • 1942 – Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • 1948 – Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete (b. 1898)
  • 1961 – Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-born American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1965 – Henry Travers, British actor (b. 1874)
  • 1966 – Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman (b. 1878)
  • 1966 – Sebastian S. Kresge, American merchant (Kmart) (b. 1867)
  • 1973 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American magazine publisher (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – Leo Strauss, German-American philosopher (b. 1899)
  • 1975 – Al Lettieri, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1976 – Kavi Samrat Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Telugu writer (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – Red Army Faction Stammheim Prison suicides
  • 1977 – Andreas Baader (b. 1943)
  • 1977 – Gudrun Ensslin (b. 1940)
  • 1977 – Jan-Carl Raspe (b. 1944)
  • 1978 – Ramón Mercader, Assassin of Leon Trotsky (b. 1914)
  • 1982 – Bess Truman, First Lady of the United States (b. 1885)
  • 1982 – Dwain Esper, American film director (b. 1892)
  • 1982 – Pierre Mendès-France, French politician (b. 1907)
  • 1982 – John Robarts, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario (b. 1917)
  • 1983 – Willie Jones, baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 1983 – Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish anarchist (b. 1897)
  • 1984 – Jon-Erik Hexum, American actor (b. 1957)
  • 1984 – Henri Michaux, French painter and poet (b. 1899)
  • 2000 – Julie London, American singer and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2000 – Gwen Verdon, American dancer and actress (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Micheline Ostermeyer, French athlete and musician (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Nikolai Rukavishnikov, cosmonaut (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Roman Tam, Hong Kong singer (b. 1950)
  • 2003 – Preston Smith, Governor of Texas (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, Spanish writer (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Veerappan, Indian bandit and smuggler (b. 1945)
  • 2005 – John Hollis, British actor (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Johnny Haynes, English footballer (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Bill King, American sports broadcaster (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Mario Francesco Cardinal Pompedda (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Anna Russell, English music satirist (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Alan Coren, English writer and satirist (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – William J. Crowe, American admiral and ambassador (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Vincent DeDomenico, American entrepreneur (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Lucky Dube, South African musician (b. 1964)

October 18 – Holidays:

  • C. Church, Anglican communion, et alii - Feast of Saint Luke the Evangelist
  • Saint Justus of Beauvais
  • USA : Alaska: Alaska Day
  • French Republican Calendar – Piment (Chili Pepper) Day, twenty-seventh day in the Month of Vendémiaire

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History October 17

October 17 – Events:

  • 539 BC – King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile and making the first Human Rights Declaration.
  • 1091 – T8/F4 tornado strikes the heart of London.
  • 1244 – Battle of La Forbie: Crusaders are defeated by Khwarezmians and Egyptians.
  • 1346 – Battle of Neville’s Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
  • 1448 – Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
  • 1456 – The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
  • 1604 – Kepler’s Star: German astronomer Johannes Kepler observes that an exceptionally bright star had suddenly appeared in the constellation. Ophiuchus, which turned out to be the last supernova to have been observed in our own galaxy, the Milky Way.
  • 1610 – French king Louis XIII is crowned in Rheims.
  • 1660 – Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.
  • 1662 – Charles II of England sells Dunkirk to France for 40,000 pounds.
  • 1777 – American troops defeat the British in the Battle of Saratoga.
  • 1781 – General Charles Cornwallis offers his surrender to the American revolutionists at Yorktown, Virginia.
  • 1797 – Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria.
  • 1800 – England takes control of the Dutch colony of Curaçao.
  • 1806 – Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti was assassinated after an oppressive rule.
  • 1860 – First The Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open).
  • 1888 – Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).
  • 1907 – Guglielmo Marconi’s company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
  • 1912 – Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War.
  • 1917 – First British bombing of Germany in World War I.
  • 1931 – Al Capone convicted of income tax evasion.
  • 1933 – Albert Einstein, fleeing Nazi Germany, moves to the US.
  • 1941 – For the first time in World War II, a German submarine attacks an American ship.
  • 1945 – A massive number of people, headed by CGT and Evita, gather in the Plaza de Mayo in Argentina to demand Juan Peron’s release. This is known to the Peronists as the Día de la lealtad (day of loyalty). It’s considered the birthday of Peronism.
  • 1961 – Scores of Algerian protesters (some claim up to 400) are massacred by the Paris police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Prefecture of Police.
  • 1965 – The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair closes after a two year run. More than 51 million people had attended the two-year event.
  • 1966 – A fire at a building in New York, New York kills 12 firefighters, the New York City Fire Department’s deadliest day until the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  • 1970 – Montreal, Quebec: Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte murdered by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
  • 1973 – OPEC starts an oil embargo against a number of western countries, considered to have helped Israel in its war against Syria.
  • 1977 – German Autumn: Four days after it was hijacked, Lufthansa Flight 181 lands in Mogadishu, Somalia, where a team of German GSG 9 commandos later rescues all remaining hostages on board.
  • 1979 – Mother Teresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1979 – The Department of Education Organization Act is signed into law creating the US Department of Education and US Department of Health and Human Services. Both replace the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
  • 1989 – Loma Prieta earthquake (7.1 on the Richter scale) hits the San Francisco Bay Area and causes 57 deaths directly (and 6 indirectly).
  • 2000 – Train crash at Hatfield, north of London, leading to collapse of Railtrack.
  • 2003 – The pinnacle was fitted on the roof of Taipei 101, a 101-floor skyscraper in Taipei, allowing it to surpass the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur by 50 meters (165 feet) and become the World’s tallest highrise.
  • 2003 – Eunuchs in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh float the political party Jiti Jitayi Politics.
  • 2006 – The United States population reaches 300 million.

October 17 – Birthdays:

  • 1253 – Ivo of Kermartin, French saint (d. 1303)
  • 1563 – Jodocus Hondius, Flemish cartographer (d. 1611)
  • 1577 – Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (d. 1621)
  • 1582 – Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (d. 1637)
  • 1623 – Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (d. 1687)
  • 1688 – Domenico Zipoli, Italian composer (d. 1726)
  • 1711 – Jupiter Hammon, American writer
  • 1719 – Jacques Cazotte, French writer (d. 1792)
  • 1811 – Albertus van Raalte, Dutch/American religious leader (d. 1876)
  • 1813 – Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)
  • 1817 – Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual (d. 1898)
  • 1853 – Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1864 – Elinor Glyn, British writer (d. 1943)
  • 1865 – James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
  • 1886 – Spring Byington, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 1890 – Roy Kilner, English cricketer (d. 1928)
  • 1892 – Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
  • 1892 – Herbert Howells, English Composer (d. 1983)
  • 1898 – Shinichi Suzuki, Japanese violin teacher (d. 1998)
  • 1898 – Simon Vestdijk, Dutch writer (d. 1971)
  • 1900 – Jean Arthur, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1902 – Irene Ryan, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – Nathanael West, American writer (d. 1940)
  • 1906 – Paul Derringer, American baseball player (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Red Rolfe, American baseball player (d. 1969)
  • 1912 – Pope John Paul I (d. 1978)
  • 1912 – Jack Owens, The Cruising Crooner, American singer/songwriter (d. 1982)
  • 1914 – Jerry Siegel, American cartoonist, co-creator of Superman (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Arthur Miller, American playwright (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian (later American) novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Rita Hayworth, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1919 – Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist
  • 1920 – Miguel Delibes, Spanish writer
  • 1920 – Montgomery Clift, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1921 – Tom Poston, American actor and comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Maria Gorokhovskaya, Soviet gymnast (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Pierre Juneau, Canadian film and broadcast executive
  • 1922 – Luiz Bonfá, Brazilian composer (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Charles McClendon, American football coach (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Barney Kessel, American musician (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Harry Carpenter, English sports commentator
  • 1926 – Julie Adams, American film actress
  • 1930 – Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Jimmy Breslin, American newspaper columnist and author
  • 1931 – Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian writer
  • 1933 – Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun (d. 1985)
  • 1934 – Johnny Haynes, English footballer (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Hiroo Kanamori, Japanese seismologist
  • 1937 – Paxton Whitehead, English actor
  • 1938 – Evel Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Peter Stringfellow, British nightclub owner
  • 1940 – Jim Smith, English footballer and manager.
  • 1941 – Earl Thomas Conley, American singer
  • 1941 – Jim Seals American singer (Seals and Crofts)
  • 1942 – Gary Puckett, American musician
  • 1946 – Sir Cameron Mackintosh, British stage producer
  • 1946 – Adam Michnik, Polish activist
  • 1946 – Bob Seagren, American athlete
  • 1946 – Michael Hossack, American musician (The Doobie Brothers)
  • 1947 – Gene Green, American politician
  • 1947 – Michael McKean, American actor
  • 1948 – Margot Kidder, Canadian actress
  • 1948 – George Wendt, American actor
  • 1948 – Robert Jordan, American novelist (d. 2007)
  • 1950 – Howard Rollins, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1955 – Georgios Alogoskoufis, Greek politician
  • 1956 – Mae Jemison, American astronaut
  • 1956 – Patrick McCrory, American politician and Mayor of Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1957 – Lawrence Bender, American film producer
  • 1957 – Steve McMichael, American football player
  • 1958 – Alan Jackson, American singer and songwriter
  • 1959 – Ron Drummond, American writer
  • 1959 – Mark Peel, Australian historian and academic
  • 1959 – Richard Roeper, American film critic
  • 1959 – Russell Gilbert, Australian comedian
  • 1960 – Rob Marshall, American director
  • 1960 – Guy Henry, English actor
  • 1962 – Mike Judge, Ecuadoran-born cartoonist
  • 1963 – Sergio Goycochea, Argentine footballer
  • 1963 – Norm MacDonald, Canadian comedian
  • 1965 – Aravinda de Silva, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1966 – Mark Gatiss, English actor
  • 1966 – Tommy Kendall, American race car driver and television personality
  • 1967 – René Dif, Danish musician (Aqua)
  • 1968 – Ziggy Marley, Jamaican musician
  • 1969 – Wood Harris, American actor
  • 1969 – Ernie Els, South African golfer
  • 1969 – Rick Mercer, Canadian comedian
  • 1970 – Anil Kumble, Indian cricketer
  • 1970 – John Mabry, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Chris Kirkpatrick, American singer (‘N Sync)
  • 1972 – Eminem, American rapper
  • 1972 – Tarkan, Turkish singer
  • 1972 – Wyclef Jean, Haitian-born singer
  • 1972 – Joe McEwing, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Matthew Macfadyen, British actor
  • 1974 – Janne “Burton” Puurtinen, Finnish keyboarder for the band, HIM
  • 1974 – John Rocker, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Francis Bouillon, American hockey player
  • 1976 – Sebastián Abreu, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1977 – Dudu Aouate, Israeli footballer
  • 1979 – Marcela Bovio, Mexican singer and violinist (Elfonía, Stream of Passion)
  • 1979 – Kimi Räikkönen, Finnish race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
  • 1979 – Kostas Tsartsaris, Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Ekaterina Gamova, Russian volleyball player
  • 1980 – Alessandro Piccolo, Italian racing driver
  • 1982 – Nick Riewoldt, Australian rules footballer
  • 1983 – Daniel Booko, American actor
  • 1983 – Ivan Saenko, Russian football player
  • 1984 – Jelle Klaasen, Dutch darts player
  • 1984 – Chris Lowell, American actor
  • 1987 – Bea Alonzo, Filipino actress
  • 1987 – Jaroslaw Fojut, Polish footballer
  • 1992 – Matthew Crane, British operatic singer
  • 1992 – Sam Concepcion, Filipino performer and actor
  • 1995 – Alexandria, McKenzie and Megan Calabrese, American triplets and actresses

October 17 – Deaths:

  • 532 – Pope Boniface II
  • 1174 – Queen Petronila of Aragon (b. 1135)
  • 1586 – Philip Sidney, English courtier, soldier, and writer (killed in battle) (b. 1554)
  • 1616 – John Pitts, Catholic scholar and writer. (b. 1560)
  • 1660 – Adrian Scrope, English regicide (b. 1601)
  • 1673 – Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, English statesman (b. 1630)
  • 1757 – René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
  • 1776 – Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (b. 1681)
  • 1780 – William Cookworthy, English chemist (b. 1705)
  • 1786 – Johann Ludwig Aberli, Swiss artist (b. 1723)
  • 1806 – Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Haitian independence leader (b. 1758)
  • 1836 – Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (b. 1782)
  • 1837 – Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian virtuoso pianist and composer (b. 1778)
  • 1849 – Frédéric Chopin, Polish-French musician and composer (b. 1810)
  • 1868 – Laura Secord, Canadian heroine of the war of 1812 (b. 1775)
  • 1887 – Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (b. 1824)
  • 1889 – Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1828)
  • 1910 – Julia Ward Howe, American composer and abolitionist (b. 1819)
  • 1931 – Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (b. 1884)
  • 1934 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist and neuroscientist, recipient of the
  • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Karl Kautsky, Marxist theoretician (b. 1854)
  • 1943 – Stefan Starzynski, Polish politician (b. 1893)
  • 1958 – Charlie Townsend, English cricketer (b. 1876)
  • 1958 – Paul Outerbridge, American photographer (b. 1896)
  • 1962 – Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1963 – Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (b. 1865)
  • 1965 – John Barton King, Philadelphian cricketer (b. 1873)
  • 1966 – Wieland Wagner, German stage director (b. 1917)
  • 1967 – Henry Pu Yi, last Emperor of China (b. 1906)
  • 1970 – Pierre Laporte, Vice-Premier of Quebec (assassinated) (b. 1921)
  • 1970 – Vola Vale, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1972 – Turk Broda, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
  • 1972 – Prince George of Yugoslavia (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – Billy Williams, American singer (b. 1910)
  • 1973 – Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian writer (b. 1926)
  • 1979 – S. J. Perelman, American writer (b. 1904)
  • 1979 – John Stuart, Scottish actor (b. 1898)
  • 1981 – Albert Cohen, Swiss author (b. 1895)
  • 1983 – Raymond Aron, French philosopher (b. 1905)
  • 1991 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer and television performer (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – Orestis Laskos, Greek film director, screenwriter and actor (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Criss Oliva, American musician (Savatage) (b. 1963)
  • 1996 – Chris Acland, English drummer (Lush) (b. 1966)
  • 1998 – Joan Hickson, British actress (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar and philanthropist
  • 1999 – Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer
  • scientist (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Leo Nomellini, wrestler (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Jay Livingston, American songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Rehavam Zeevi, Israeli politician (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Derek Bell, Irish harpist (The Chieftans) (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Aileen Riggin, American swimmer (b. 1906)
  • 2004 – Uzi Hitman, Israeli singer (b. 1952)
  • 2005 – Ba Jin, Chinese writer (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Franky Gee, European techno artist (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Daniel Emilfork, French actor (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Christopher Glenn, American newscaster (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Joey Bishop, American entertainer, member of the Rat Pack (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Teresa Brewer, American pop and jazz singer (b. 1931)

October 17 – Holidays:

  • C. Saints – Saint Ignatius of Antioch; translation of Saint Audrey (Æthelthryth); Saint Richard Gwyn; Saint Catervus; Saint Marguerite Marie Alacoque
  • Haiti – Death of Jean-Jacques Dessalines (1806), State holiday
  • French Republican Calendar – Aubergine (Eggplant) Day, twenty-sixth day in the Month of Vendémiaire International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History October 16

October 16 – Events:

  • 456 – Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western Roman Empire.
  • 1775 – Portland, Maine burnt by the British.
  • 1780 – Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont last major raid of the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1781 – George Washington captures Yorktown, Virginia after the Siege of Yorktown.
  • 1793 – Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI is guillotined at the height of the French Revolution.
  • 1793 – Battle of Wattignies.
  • 1813 – The Sixth Coalition attacks Napoleon Bonaparte in the Battle of Leipzig.
  • 1834 – Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster in London is burnt down.
  • 1841 – Queen’s University is founded in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
  • 1843 – Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a noncommutative extension of complex numbers.
  • 1859 – John Brown leads raid on Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1869 – Cardiff Giant, one of the most famous American hoaxes, is discovered.
  • 1869 – England’s first residential college for women, Girton College, Cambridge, is founded.
  • 1875 – Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.
  • 1882 – The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business.
  • 1905 – The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred.
  • 1906 – The Captain of Köpenick fools the city hall of Köpenick and several soldiers by impersonating a Prussian officer.
  • 1916 – Margaret Sanger founds Planned Parenthood by opening the first U.S. birth control clinic.
  • 1923 – The Walt Disney Company is founded by Walt Disney and his brother, Roy Disney.
  • 1934 – Chinese Communists begin the Long March; it ended a year and four days later, by which time Mao Zedong had regained his title as party chairman.
  • 1939 – World War II: First attack on British territory by German Luftwaffe.
  • 1940 – Benjamin O. Davis Sr. named first African American general in the United States Army.
  • 1940 – Warsaw Ghetto established.
  • 1945 – The Food and Agriculture Organization was founded in Quebec City, Canada.
  • 1946 – Ten war criminals of the Second World War, condemned in the Nuremberg trials are hanged.
  • 1949 – Nikolaos Zachariadis, leader of the Communist Party of Greece, announces a “temporary cease-fire”, effectively ending the Greek Civil War.
  • 1949 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and German Democratic Republic were established.
  • 1951 – The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis between the United States and Cuba began.
  • 1964 – People’s Republic of China detonates its first nuclear weapon; Soviet leaders Leonid Brezhnev and Aleksey Kosygin are inaugurated as General Secretary of the CPSU and Premier, respectively.
  • 1968 – United States athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos are kicked out of the USA’s team for performing a Black Power salute during a medal ceremony.
  • 1968 – Kingston, Jamaica is rocked by the Rodney Riots, inspired by the barring of Walter Rodney from the country.
  • 1970 – Canada – In response to the October Crisis terrorist kidnapping, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act.
  • 1973 – Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1975 – The Balibo Five, a group of Australian television journalists based in the town of Balibo in the then Portuguese Timor (now East Timor), are killed by Indonesian troops.
  • 1978 – Pope John Paul II is elected in Rome.
  • 1984 – Desmond Tutu is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1987 – Great Storm of 1987: hurricane force winds to hit much of the South of England killing 23 people.
  • 1991 – Luby’s massacre: George Hennard runs amok in Killeen, Texas, killing 23 and wounding 20 in Luby’s Cafeteria.
  • 1991 – Jharkhand Chhatra Yuva Morcha is founded at a conference in Ranchi, India.
  • 1993 – Anti-Nazi riot breaks out in Welling in Kent, after police stop protesters approaching British National Party headquarters
  • 1995 – The Million Man March occurs in Washington, DC.
  • 1996 – Eighty-four people are killed and more than 180 injured as 47,000 football fans attempt to squeeze into the 36,000-seat Estadio Mateo Flores in Guatemala City.
  • 2002 – Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, is officially inaugurated.

October 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1396 – William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English soldier (d. 1450)
  • 1430 – King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
  • 1483 – Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (d. 1542)
  • 1535 – Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (d. 1585)
  • 1663 – Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (d. 1736)
  • 1710 – Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1790)
  • 1714 – Giovanni Arduino, Italian geologist (d. 1795)
  • 1726 – Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (d. 1801)
  • 1751 – Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, Queen of Prussia (d. 1805)
  • 1752 – Johann Gottfried Eichhorn, German theologian (d. 1827)
  • 1754 – Morgan Lewis, Governor of New York (1804-07) (d. 1844)
  • 1758 – Noah Webster, American lexicographer (d. 1843)
  • 1762 – Paul Hamilton, Governor of South Carolina (1804-06) and U.S. Secretary of Navy (1809-12) (d. 1816)
  • 1789 – William Burton, Governor of Delaware (1859-63) (d. 1866)
  • 1795 – William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (d. 1876)
  • 1802 – Isaac Murphy, Governor of Arkansas (1864-68) (d. 1882)
  • 1806 – William Pitt Fessenden, U.S. Secretary of Treasury (1864-65) (d. 1869)
  • 1815 – Francis Lubbock, Governor of Texas (d. 1905)
  • 1819 – Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • 1840 – Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1900)
  • 1841 – Prince Hirobumi Ito, Japanese governor of Korea (d. 1909)
  • 1854 – Oscar Wilde, Irish writer (d. 1900)
  • 1854 – Karl Kautsky, Marxist theoretician (d. 1938)
  • 1855 – Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • 1861 – J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
  • 1863 – Austen Chamberlain, English statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1937)
  • 1878 – Maxey Long, American athlete (d. 1959)
  • 1883 – Vasiliki Maliaros, Greek actress (d. 1973)
  • 1886 – David Ben-Gurion, first Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1973)
  • 1888 – Eugene O’Neill, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
  • 1888 – Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
  • 1890 – Michael Collins, Irish patriot (d. 1922)
  • 1890 – Paul Strand, American photographer (d. 1975)
  • 1897 – Louis de Cazenave, France’s oldest living man
  • 1898 – William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1980)
  • 1900 – Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (d. 2003)
  • 1906 – León Klimovsky, Argentine film director (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Enver Hoxha, Albanian dictator (d. 1985)
  • 1914 – Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Alice Pearce, American actress (d. 1966)
  • 1918 – Louis Althusser, French Marxist philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Max Bygraves, English singer/songwriter
  • 1922 – Leon Sullivan, American civil rights leader and pastor (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Bert Kaempfert, German orchestra leader and songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1923 – Linda Darnell, American film actress (d. 1965)
  • 1925 – Angela Lansbury, English-born actress
  • 1927 – Günter Grass, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1928 – Mary Daly, American feminist
  • 1928 – Ann Morgan Guilbert, American actress
  • 1929 – Fernanda Montenegro, Brazilian actress
  • 1930 – Carmen Sevilla, Spanish actress
  • 1931 – Charles Colson, American Watergate conspirator
  • 1932 – John Grant, British politician (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Peter Ashdown, British racing driver
  • 1936 – Andrei Chikatilo, Russian serial killer (d. 1994)
  • 1936 – Akira Machida, Japanese judge
  • 1936 – Peter Bowles, English actor
  • 1937 – Tom Monaghan, founder of Dominos pizza
  • 1938 – Nico (born Christa Päffgen; singer-songwriter, fashion model, actress) (d. 1988)
  • 1938 – Carl Gunter Jr, Louisiana State Representative (d. 1999)
  • 1940 – Barry Corbin, American actor
  • 1940 – Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player (d. 2003)
  • 1941 – Tim McCarver, baseball player and commentator
  • 1943 – Fred Turner, Canadian bass player (Bachman-Turner Overdrive)
  • 1946 – Suzanne Somers, American actress
  • 1947 – Terry Griffiths, Welsh snooker player
  • 1947 – Bob Weir, American musician (Grateful Dead)
  • 1947 – David Zucker, American film director
  • 1948 – Leo Mazzone, American baseball coach
  • 1948 – Hema Malini, Indian Actress
  • 1952 – Boogie Mosson, American musician (P Funk)
  • 1952 – Ron Taylor, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1953 – Paulo Roberto Falcão, Brazilian footballer
  • 1953 – Tony Carey, American-born rock keyboardist, producer (Rainbow, Planet P Project)
  • 1954 – Stephen Mellor, American actor
  • 1956 – Johnny Chavis, American football coach
  • 1958 – Tim Robbins, American actor, director, and writer
  • 1958 – Eleftheria Arvanitaki, Greek singer
  • 1959 – Gary Kemp, British musician and actor
  • 1959 – Erkki-Sven Tüür, Estonian composer
  • 1959 – Brian Harper, baseball player
  • 1960 – Bob Mould, American musician
  • 1961 – Randy Vasquez, American actor
  • 1961 – Marc Levy, French novelist
  • 1962 – Flea, Australian musician (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1962 – Manute Bol, Sudanese-born basketball player for the NBA
  • 1962 – Dmitri Hvorostovsky, Russian baritone
  • 1965 – Steve Lamacq, British journalist and disc jockey
  • 1967 – Davina McCall, British television presenter
  • 1968 – Randall Batinkoff, American actor
  • 1968 – Elsa Zylberstein, French actress
  • 1969 – Roy Hargrove, American jazz trumpeter
  • 1969 – Terri J. Vaughn, American actress
  • 1969 – Wendy Wilson, American pop singer (Wilson Phillips)
  • 1970 – Mehmet Scholl, German footballer
  • 1970 – Kazuyuki Fujita, Japanese professional wrestler and mixed martial arts fighter
  • 1972 – Tomas Lindberg, Swedish musician (At the Gates)
  • 1972 – Darius Kasparaitis, National Hockey League player
  • 1972 – Kordell Stewart, American football player
  • 1973 – Chad Gray, American singer (Mudvayne)
  • 1973 – Peter Polaco, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – David Unsworth, English professional footballer
  • 1974 – Paul Kariya, Canadian hockey player
  • 1974 – Deo Grech, Maltese television presenter, songwriter
  • 1975 – Kellie Martin, American actress
  • 1975 – Brynjar Gunnarsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1975 – Jacques Kallis, South African cricketer
  • 1976 – Ryan Fitzgerald, Australian football (AFL) player and media personality
  • 1977 – John Mayer, American musician
  • 1979 – Erin Brown, American B-movie actress, model, filmmaker, former softcore erotic actress, and musician
  • 1980 – Sue Bird, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Jeremy Jackson, American actor
  • 1980 – Timana Tahu, Australian Rugby League player
  • 1981 – Caterina Scorsone, Canadian actress
  • 1981 – Anthony Reyes, starting pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals
  • 1981 – Martin Halle, Danish footballer
  • 1982 – Vincy Chan, Hong Kong singer
  • 1982 – Frédéric Michalak, French rugby player
  • 1984 – Trevor Blumas, Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Melissa Lauren, French pornographic actress
  • 1984 – Shayne Ward, UK singer, winner of The X Factor, series 2005
  • 1985 – Casey Stoner, Australian motorcycle racer and 2007 MotoGP World Champion
  • 1988 – Zoltán Stieber, Hungarian footballer

October 16-Deaths:

  • 1355 – Louis, King of Sicily, felled by the Black Death
  • 1553 – Lucas Cranach the Elder, German painter (b. 1472)
  • 1555 – Hugh Latimer, English Protestant (martyred)
  • 1555 – Nicholas Ridley, English Protestant (martyred)
  • 1591 – Pope Gregory XIV (b. 1535)
  • 1594 – William Cardinal Allen, English Catholic cardinal (b. 1532)
  • 1621 – Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, Dutch composer (b. 1562)
  • 1628 – François de Malherbe, French poet and critic (b. 1555)
  • 1649 – Isaac van Ostade, Dutch painter (b. 1621)
  • 1655 – Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (b. 1591)
  • 1680 – Raimondo Montecuccoli, Italian-Austrian general (b. 1608 or 1609)
  • 1750 – Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German composer and lutenist (b. 1687)
  • 1755 – Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint (b. 1725)
  • 1781 – Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (b. 1705)
  • 1791 – Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin, Russian general and statesman (b. 1739)
  • 1793 – Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (executed) (b. 1755)
  • 1793 – John Hunter, eminent doctor and philosopher (b. 1728)
  • 1796 – Victor Amadeus III of Savoy (b. 1726)
  • 1810 – Nachman of Breslov, founder of Breslov Hasidut (b. 1772)
  • 1822 – Eva Marie Veigel, Austrian ballet dancer (b. 1724)
  • 1865 – Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)
  • 1877 – Theodore Barrière, French dramatist (b. 1823)
  • 1888 – John Wentworth, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
  • 1893 – Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, President of France (b. 1808)
  • 1909 – Jakub Bart-Cišinski, Sorbian writer (b. 1856)
  • 1937 – Jean de Brunhoff, French writer (b. 1899)
  • 1946 – Nuremberg trial executions
  • Hans Frank, German war criminal (b. 1900)
  • Wilhelm Frick, German war criminal (b. 1877)
  • Alfred Jodl, German military officer (b. 1890)
  • Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Austrian SS officer (b. 1903)
  • Wilhelm Keitel, German military officer (b. 1882)
  • Joachim von Ribbentrop, German politician (b. 1893)
  • Alfred Rosenberg, Nazi ideologist (b. 1893)
  • Fritz Sauckel, German war criminal (b. 1894)
  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian Nazi leader (b. 1892)
  • Julius Streicher, German propagandist (b. 1887)
  • 1956 – Jules Rimet, president of FIFA (b. 1873)
  • 1959 – George Marshall, United States Secretary of State, Nobel laureate (b. 1880)
  • 1962 – Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher and poet (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – George O’Hara, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1968 – Ellis Kinder, baseball player (b. 1914)
  • 1972 – Hale Boggs, U.S. Congressman from Louisiana (b. 1914)
  • 1972 – Leo G. Carroll, English actor (b. 1892)
  • 1973 – Gene Krupa, American jazz drummer (b. 1909)
  • 1974 – Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar, noted Carnatic musician (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Dan Dailey, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1979 – Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Moshe Dayan, Israeli general (b. 1915)
  • 1982 – Mario del Monaco, Italian tenor (b. 1915)
  • 1983 – Jakov Gotovac, Croatian composer (b. 1895)
  • 1983 – Kelso, American racehorse (b. 1957)
  • 1986 – Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Cornel Wilde, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Jorge Bolet, Cuban-American classical pianist (b. 1914)
  • 1990 – Art Blakey, American jazz drummer (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Shirley Booth, American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1994 – Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Eric Malpass, English novelist (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Jason Bernard, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 1997 – James Michener, American writer (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Audra Lindley, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Jon Postel, American Internet pioneer (b. 1943)
  • 1999 – Jean Shepherd, American writer and actor (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Mel Carnahan, American politician (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Angela Dawson, American murder victim
  • 2003 – Avni Arbas, Turkish artist (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Stu Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – László Papp, Hungarian boxer (b. 1926)
  • 2004 – Pierre Salinger, John F. Kennedy’s White House Press Secretary (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – “Len” Dresslar, American singer and voice actor (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Eugene “Porky” Lee, American child actor (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – David Reilly, American singer (God Lives Underwater) (b. 1971)
  • 2006 – Valentín Paniagua Corazao, Ex President of Peru (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Ross Davidson, British actor (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Tommy Johnson, American tubist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Lister Sinclair, Canadian broadcaster and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Toše Proeski, Macedonian music star (b. 1981)
  • 2007 – Barbara West, Second to last living Titanic survivor.

October 16 – Holidays:

  • Boss’s Day in the United States
  • Pope John Paul II Day in Poland
  • World Food Day
  • C. Saints – Gerard Majella and Hedwig

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History October 15

October 15 – Events:

  • 533 – Byzantine general Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals.
  • 1552 – Khanate of Kazan is conquered by troops of Ivan Grozny.
  • 1582 – Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.
  • 1764 – Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
  • 1815 – Napoleon I of France begins his exile on Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The CSS H. L. Hunley, the first submarine to sink a ship, sinks during a test, killing its inventor, Horace L. Hunley.
  • 1878 – The Edison Electric Light Company begins operation.
  • 1880 – Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • 1888 – The “From Hell” letter sent by Jack the Ripper is received by the investigators.
  • 1894 – Alfred Dreyfus is arrested for spying – Dreyfus affair begins.
  • 1904 – The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War.
  • 1917 – World War I: At Vincennes outside of Paris, Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany.
  • 1928 – The airship, the Graf Zeppelin completed its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey, USA.
  • 1932 – Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
  • 1934 – The Soviet Republic of China collapses when Chiang Kai-shek’s National Revolutionary Army successfully encircle Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March.
  • 1939 – The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed La Guardia Airport) is dedicated.
  • 1940 – “The Great Dictator”, a satiric social commentary film by and starring Charlie Chaplin, is released.
  • 1944 – The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler’s NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • 1945 – World War II: The former premier of Vichy France Pierre Laval is shot by a firing squad for treason.
  • 1946 – Nuremberg Trials: Hermann Göring poisons himself the night before his execution.
  • 1951 – Television sitcom I Love Lucy premieres.
  • 1951 – Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesized the first oral contraceptive
  • 1953 – British nuclear test Totem 1 detonated at Emu Field, South Australia.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam stages the first public burning of a draft card in the United States to result in arrest under a new law.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: Hundreds of thousands of people take part in National Moratorium antiwar demonstrations across the United States.
  • 1970 – Thirty-five construction workers are killed when a section of the new West Gate Bridge in Melbourne collapses.
  • 1970 – Anwar Sadat becomes president of Egypt
  • 1971 – The start of the 2500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia.
  • 1973 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Gabon were established.
  • 1981 – Professional cheerleader Krazy George Henderson leads what is thought to be the first audience wave in Oakland, California.
  • 1987 – The Great Storm of 1987 hits France and England.
  • 1989 – Wayne Gretzky becomes the all-time leading points scorer in the NHL.
  • 1990 – Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation.
  • 1997 – The first supersonic land speed record is set by Andy Green in ThrustSSC (United Kingdom).
  • 1997 – The Cassini probe launches from Cape Canaveral on its way to Saturn.
  • 2001 – NASA’s Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter’s moon Io.
  • 2003 – China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.
  • 2003 – The Staten Island Ferry boat Andrew J. Barberi collides with a pier at the St. George Ferry Terminal in Staten Island, killing 11 people and injuring 43.
  • 2005 – Iraqi constitution ratification vote
  • 2005 – Riot in Toledo, Ohio breaks out during a National Socialist/Neo-Nazi protest; over 100 are arrested.

October 15 – Birthdays:

  • 70 BC – Virgil, Roman poet (d. 19 BC)
  • 1471 – Konrad Mutian, German humanist (d. 1526)
  • 1542 – Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, Mughal Emperor (d. 1605)
  • 1608 – Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (d. 1647)
  • 1686 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)
  • 1701 – Marie-Marguerite d’Youville, first native Canadian canonized (d. 1771)
  • 1711 – Elisabeth Teresa of Lorraine, queen of Sardinia (d. 1741)
  • 1784 – Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (d. 1849)
  • 1814 – Mikhail Lermontov, Russian author (d. 1841)
  • 1825 – Queen Marie of Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1829 – Asaph Hall, American astronomer (d. 1907)
  • 1836 – James Tissot, French artist (d. 1902)
  • 1840 – Honoré Mercier, politician and premier of Quebec (d. 1894)
  • 1844 – Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1858 – John L. Sullivan, American boxer (d. 1918)
  • 1872 – Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
  • 1874 – Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (d. 1899)
  • 1878 – Paul Reynaud, French politician (d. 1966)
  • 1879 – Jane Darwell, Academy Award-winning American actress (d. 1967)
  • 1881 – P. G. Wodehouse, British novelist (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Charley O’Leary, American baseball player (d. 1941)
  • 1884 – Arch Hoxsey, pioneer aviator (d. 1910)
  • 1893 – King Carol II of Romania (d. 1953)
  • 1894 – Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete (d. 1951)
  • 1900 – Mervyn LeRoy, American film director (d. 1987)
  • 1905 – C. P. Snow, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Hiram Leong Fong, American politician (d. 2004)
  • 1907 – Varian Fry, American journalist (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (d. 2006)
  • 1909 – Robert Trout, American reporter (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Jesse Leonard Greenstein, American astronomer (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Yitzhak Shamir, Israeli politician
  • 1917 – Jan Miner, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Arthur Schlesinger Jr., American historian and political commentator (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – Mario Puzo, American novelist (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Henri Verneuil, French film director (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese writer
  • 1923 – Italo Calvino. Italian writer (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Lee Iacocca, American industrialist
  • 1924 – Mark Lenard, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1924 – Marguerite Andersen, German writer
  • 1925 – Mickey Baker, American guitarist (Mickey & Sylvia)
  • 1926 – Michel Foucault, French philosopher (d. 1984)
  • 1926 – Evan Hunter, American author (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Jean Peters, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Karl Richter, German conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1930 – Fereydun M. Esfandiary, Iranian philosopher (d. 2000)
  • 1931 – Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, President of India
  • 1934 – N. Ramani, Indian flutist
  • 1935 – Bobby Joe Morrow, American sprinter
  • 1935 – Barry McGuire, American singer
  • 1938 – Fela Kuti, Nigerian musician (d. 1997)
  • 1938 – Marv Johnson, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1940 – Tommy Bishop, English rugby league player
  • 1940 – Peter Doherty, Australian immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Penny Marshall, American actress and movie director
  • 1944 – Sali Berisha, President of Albania
  • 1944 – David Trimble, Irish politician, Nobel laureate
  • 1944 – Haim Saban, Egyptian-born American media proprietor
  • 1945 – Jere Burns, American actor
  • 1945 – Jim Palmer, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Richard Carpenter (musician), American musician (The Carpenters)
  • 1946 – Stewart Stevenson, Scottish politician
  • 1948 – Chris de Burgh, Irish singer and songwriter
  • 1953 – Tito Jackson, American musician
  • 1953 – Larry Miller, American actor and comedian
  • 1953 – Betsy Clifford, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1954 – Peter Bakowski, Australian poet
  • 1955 – Kulbir Bhaura, British field hockey player
  • 1955 – Tanya Roberts, American actress
  • 1957 – Mira Nair, Indian director
  • 1957 – Stacy Peralta, American director
  • 1959 – Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York
  • 1959 – Emeril Lagasse, American chef
  • 1959 – Todd Solondz, American film director
  • 1961 – John Kenny, Irish sports broadcaster and journalist
  • 1964 – Roberto Vittori, Italian astronaut
  • 1966 – Jorge Campos, Mexican footballer
  • 1968 – Jyrki 69, Finnish musician The 69 Eyes
  • 1968 – Didier Deschamps, French footballer
  • 1969 – Vanessa Marcil, American actress
  • 1969 – Dominic West, British actor
  • 1969 – Vítor Baía, Portuguese footballer
  • 1970 – Eric Benét, American singer
  • 1971 – Andy Cole, British footballer
  • 1971 – Jason Arhndt, American wrestler
  • 1972 – Matt Keeslar, American actor
  • 1972 – Sandra Kim, Belgian singer
  • 1975 – Ginuwine, American singer
  • 1975 – Glen Little, English footballer
  • 1976 – Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977 – Masato Kawabata, Japanese racing driver
  • 1977 – Erin McKeown, American musician
  • 1977 – David Trezeguet, French football player
  • 1977 – Patricio Urrutia, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1978 – Devon Gummersall, American actor
  • 1978 – Takeshi Morishima Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Paul Robinson, English football player
  • 1979 – Maris Verpakovskis, Latvian football player
  • 1980 – Tom Boonen, Belgian cyclist
  • 1980 – Siiri Nordin, Finnish singer (Killer)
  • 1981 – Keyshia Cole, African American R&B singer
  • 1981 – Elena Dementieva, Russian tennis player
  • 1981 – Guo Jingjing, Chinese diver
  • 1981 – Radoslav Židek, Slovak snowboarder
  • 1982 – Paulini Curuenavuli, Fijian singer
  • 1982 – Charline Labonté, French Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1983 – Stephy Tang, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1985 – Walter López, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985 – Marcos Martinez Ucha, Spanish racing driver
  • 1986 – Lee Donghae, Korean singer (a member of super junior)
  • 1987 – Jesse Levine, American tennis player
  • 1992 – Vincent Martella, American actor
  • 2005 – Prince Christian of Denmark

October 15 – Deaths:

  • 412 – Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 898 – Lambert, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 912 – Abdullah ibn Muhammad, Emir of Córdoba
  • 1002 – Otto-Henry, Duke of Burgundy (b. 946)
  • 1080 – Rudolf of Rheinfeld, Duke of Swabia
  • 1326 – Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (b. 1261)
  • 1389 – Pope Urban VI
  • 1564 – Vesalius, Flemish anatomist (b. 1514)
  • 1715 – Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1730 – Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (b. 1658)
  • 1788 – Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
  • 1810 – Alfred Moore, American judge (b. 1755)
  • 1811 – Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
  • 1817 – Tadeusz Kosciuszko, Polish and Lithuanian national hero (b. 1746)
  • 1819 – Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • 1820 – Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (b. 1771)
  • 1837 – Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet (b. 1760)
  • 1880 – Victorio, Apache leader
  • 1891 – Gilbert Arthur a Beckett, English writer (b. 1837)
  • 1900 – Zdenek Fibich, Czech composer (b. 1850)
  • 1910 – Stanley Ketchel, boxer (murdered) (b. 1886)
  • 1917 – Mata Hari, Dutch dancer and spy (b. 1876)
  • 1918 – Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
  • 1930 – Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – Raymond Poincaré, French statesman (b. 1860)
  • 1945 – Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of Vichy France (executed) (b. 1883)
  • 1946 – Hermann Göring, German air force commander (suicide) (b. 1893)
  • 1948 – Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)
  • 1959 – Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1880)
  • 1960 – Clara Kimball Young, American actress (b. 1890)
  • 1963 – Horton Smith. American golfer (b. 1908)
  • 1964 – Cole Porter, American composer (b. 1891)
  • 1976 – Carlo Gambino, American gangster (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek footballer and volleyball player (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Philip Fotheringham-Parker, British racing driver (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Thomas Sankara, African revolutionary and leader of Burkina Faso (assassinated) (b. 1949)
  • 1988 – Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English composer and pianist (b. 1892)
  • 1994 – Sarah Kofman, French philosopher (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – Marco Campos, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1976)
  • 2000 – Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Zhang Xueliang, Chinese ruler of Manchuria (b. 1901)
  • 2003 – Bertram N. Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Ben Metcalfe, Canadian environmental activist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Jason Collier, American basketball player (b. 1977)
  • 2005 – Matti Wuori, Finnish politician (b. 1945)

October 15 – Holidays:

  • October 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Roman festivals – the Equirria or October equus: sacrifice of a horse to Mars
  • R.C. Saints – Saint Teresa of Avila
  • United States – White Cane Safety Day
  • French Republican Calendar – Amaryllis (Amaryllis) Day, twenty-fourth day in the Month of Vendémiaire

 

 

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History October 14

October 14 – Events:

  • 1066 – Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings – In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the forces of William the Conqueror defeat the Saxon army and kill King Harold II of England.
  • 1322 – Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1586 – Mary I of Scotland goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1656 – Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the ritual-free Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.
  • 1758 – Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirk
  • 1773 – The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • 1773 – American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom’s East India Company tea ships’ cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1789 – George Washington proclaims the first Thanksgiving Day.
  • 1805 – Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
  • 1806 – Battle of Jena-Auerstädt France defeats Prussia
  • 1812 – Work on London’s Regent’s Canal starts.
  • 1834 – In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
  • 1840 – Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.
  • 1843 – The British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O’Connell for conspiracy.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Bristoe Station – Confederate General Robert E. Lee forces fail to drive the Union Army out of Virginia.
  • 1867 – The 15th and last Shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate resigns in Japan.
  • 1882 – University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.
  • 1884 – George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film.
  • 1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
  • 1910 – English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman biplane on Executive Avenue (now Pennsylvania Avenue) near the White House.
  • 1912 – While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt still delivers his scheduled speech.
  • 1913 – Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom’s worst coal mining accident, which claimed 439 lives.
  • 1916 – Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
  • 1916 – The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • 1920 – Part of Petsamo province is ceded by Soviet Union to Finland.
  • 1925 – Anti-French uprising in Damascus (French inhabitants flee)
  • 1926 – The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A.A. Milne, is first published.
  • 1933 – Nazi Germany withdraws from The League of Nations.
  • 1939 – German U-Boat U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak.
  • 1942 – A German U-boat sinks the ferry SS Caribou, killing 137.
  • 1943 – Prisoners at the Sobibor death camp in Poland revolt, resulting in the death of 11 SS. About half of the camp’s 600 prisoners escape; about 50 survive the war.
  • 1943 – U.S. 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17 Flying Fortresses during an assault on Schweinfurt.
  • 1944 – Allied troops land in Corfu.
  • 1947 – Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 faster than the speed of sound, the first man to do so in level flight.
  • 1949 – Eleven leaders of the U.S. Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government.
  • 1949 – Chinese Red Army occupies Canton (Guangzhou).
  • 1957 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.
  • 1958 – The U.S. conducts an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site.
  • 1958 – The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U-2 flight over Cuba takes photos of Soviet nuclear weapons being installed.
  • 1964 – Leonid Brezhnev becomes general secretary of the CPSU and leader of the Soviet Union, ousting Nikita Khrushchev.
  • 1964 – American civil rights movement leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1966 – The city of Montreal inaugurates the Montreal Metro.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: Folk singer Joan Baez is arrested in a blockade of the military induction center in Oakland, California.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: 27 soldiers are arrested at the Presidio in San Francisco for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will be sending about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
  • 1968 – First live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft Apollo 7.
  • 1968 – A 6.8 earthquake wrecked the Australian town of Meckering, and also ruptured all major roads and railways nearby.
  • 1968 – Jim Hines of the USA becomes the first man ever to break the ten second barrier in the 100 metres Olympic final at Mexico City with a time of 9.95 sec. He would be the only man to do so until 1983.
  • 1968 – The rebuilt Euston station in London is opened.
  • 1969 – The United Kingdom introduces the 50p (fifty-pence) coin, replacing the ten shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalisation of the currency in 1971.
  • 1973 – Thailand’s University Students protest for a democratic government; 77 are killed and 857 injured.
  • 1979 – The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C. demands “an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people,” draws 200,000 people.
  • 1981 – Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges the U.S. government with holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner.
  • 1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt one week after Anwar Sadat was assassinated.
  • 1982 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
  • 1994 – Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1996 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 40.62 to 6,010.00, closing above 6,000 for the first time ever. 1998 – Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with 6 bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.

October 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1257 – King Przemysl II of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1404 – Marie of Anjou, queen of France (d. 1463)
  • 1493 – Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
  • 1499 – Claude of France, wife of Louis XII of France (d. 1524)
  • 1630 – Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony (d. 1714)
  • 1633 – James II of England and VII of Scotland (d. 1701)
  • 1643 – Bahadur Shah I, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1712)
  • 1644 – William Penn, English founder of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
  • 1687 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1712 – George Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1770)
  • 1726 – Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician (d. 1813)
  • 1733 – François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
  • 1784 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1801 – Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (d. 1883)
  • 1806 – Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (d. 1865)
  • 1842 – Joe Start, American baseball player (d. 1927)
  • 1861 – Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Joseph Duveen, British art dealer (d. 1939)
  • 1873 – Ray Ewry, American athlete (d. 1937)
  • 1873 – Jules Rimet, president of FIFA (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Eamon de Valera, Irish politician and patriot (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Charlie Parker, English cricketer (d. 1959)
  • 1887 – Bernard Montgomery, British General. (d. 1976)
  • 1888 – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand writer (d. 1923)
  • 1890 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. general and 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
  • 1892 – Sumner Welles, American diplomat (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1894 – E. E. Cummings, American poet (d. 1962)
  • 1900 – Agustín Lara, Mexican composer (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Christian Pineau, French World War II resistance fighter (d. 1995)
  • 1906 – Hannah Arendt, German political theorist and writer (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Imam Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1908 – Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Allan Jones, American actor and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German racecar driver (d. 1938)
  • 1909 – Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – John Wooden, American basketball player and coach
  • 1914 – Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Harry Brecheen, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – C. Everett Koop, United States Surgeon General
  • 1918 – Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician (d. 1991)
  • 1926 – Bill Justis, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Roger Moore, English actor
  • 1928 – Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Yvon Durelle, Canadian boxer (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Mobutu Sese Seko, President of Zaire (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Nikhil Banerjee, Indian classical musician (d. 1986)
  • 1932 – Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Enrico di Giuseppe, American tenor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – La Monte Young, American composer
  • 1938 – John W. Dean III, Watergate figure
  • 1938 – Empress Farah Diba of Iran
  • 1938 – Ron Lancaster, American-born Canadian football player and coach
  • 1939 – Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer
  • 1939 – Rocky Thompson, American golfer
  • 1940 – Perrie Mans, South African snooker player
  • 1940 – Cliff Richard, English singer
  • 1940 – Christopher Timothy, British actor
  • 1941 – Art Shamsky, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer, and civil servant (d. 1986)
  • 1944 – Udo Kier, German actor
  • 1945 – Colin Hodgkinson, English musician (Whitesnake)
  • 1946 – Justin Hayward, English musician (Moody Blues)
  • 1946 – James Robert “Radio” Kennedy, American football coach
  • 1946 – Craig Venter, American biologist
  • 1946 – Al Oliver, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Dan McCafferty, Scottish musician (Nazareth)
  • 1947 – Lukas Resetarits, Austrian cabaret artist
  • 1948 – Harry Anderson, American actor
  • 1948 – David Ruprecht, American game show host
  • 1948 – Engin Arik, Turkish nuclear physicist (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – Katy Manning, English/Australian actress
  • 1949 – Katha Pollitt, American writer
  • 1952 – Nikolai Andrianov, Soviet gymnast
  • 1953 – Shelley Ackerman, American astrologer, writer, singer
  • 1954 – Carole Malone, English newspaper columnist
  • 1957 – Michel Després, Quebec politician
  • 1958 – Thomas Dolby, English musician
  • 1960 – Steve Cram, English athlete
  • 1961 – Isaac Mizrahi American fashion designer
  • 1962 – Jaan Ehlvest, Estonian chess player
  • 1963 – Yim Jae-beom, South Korean singer
  • 1963 – Lori Petty, American actress
  • 1964 – Olu Oguibe, American artist
  • 1964 – Joe Girardi, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Jim Rome, American sport talk show host
  • 1965 – Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower
  • 1965 – Constantine Koukias, Australian composer
  • 1965 – Steve Coogan, English actor
  • 1965 – Karyn White, American singer
  • 1967 – Pat Kelly, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Sylvain Lefebvre, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Stephen A. Smith, American sports journalist
  • 1968 – Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer
  • 1968 – Johnny Goudie, American musician
  • 1969 – David Strickland, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1969 – P. J. Brown, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Jim Jackson, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Daniela Peštová, Czech supermodel
  • 1970 – Jon Seda, Puerto Rican actor
  • 1971 – Jorge Costa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1971 – Antonios Nikopolidis, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Natalie Maines, American musician (Dixie Chicks)
  • 1974 – Jessica Drake, American porn star
  • 1974 – Joseph Utsler, American musician
  • 1975 – Floyd Landis, American cyclist
  • 1975 – Shaznay Lewis, English singer (All Saints)
  • 1976 – Nataša Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer
  • 1976 – Henry Mateo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Ben Pridmore, World Memory Champion
  • 1977 – Kelly Schumacher, Canadian basketball player
  • 1977 – Bianca Beauchamp, adult model
  • 1977 – Jonathan Kerrigan, English actor
  • 1977 – Tina Dico, Danish singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Justin Brannan, American musician, writer
  • 1978 – Ryan Church, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Paul Hunter, English snooker player (d. 2006)
  • 1978 – Steven Thompson, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Usher, American singer and actor
  • 1978 – Javon Walker, American football player
  • 1979 – Stacy Keibler, American actress / ex-professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Terrence McGee, American football player
  • 1980 – Paul Ambrosi, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Daniela Peštová , Czech model
  • 1980 – Niels Lodberg, Danish footballer
  • 1981 – Boof Bonser, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Vanessa Lane, American porn star
  • 1983 – Lin Dan, Chinese badminton player
  • 1984 – LaRon Landry, American football player
  • 1985 – Digão, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Daniel Clark, Canadian actor
  • 1985 – Sherlyn González, Mexican actress
  • 1985 – Alexandre Sarnes Negrão, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1986 – Tom Craddock, English footballer
  • 1986 – Skyler Shaye, American actress
  • 1988 – MacKenzie Mauzy, American actress
  • 1988 – Max Thieriot, American actor
  • 1992 – Aaron Hughes, Australian Pornstar

October 14 – Deaths:

  • 1066 – Harold Godwinson, King of England
  • 1092 – Nizam al-Mulk, Persian vizier (b. 1018)
  • 1256 – Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)
  • 1318 – Edward Bruce, High King of Ireland
  • 1552 – Oswald Myconius, Swiss Protestant reformer (b. 1488)
  • 1565 – Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (b. 1521)
  • 1568 – Jacques Arcadelt, Flemish composer
  • 1610 – Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1540)
  • 1619 – Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
  • 1637 – Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)
  • 1660 – Thomas Harrison, English Puritan soldier (b. 1606)
  • 1669 – Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (b. 1623)
  • 1703 – Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish poet (b. 1634)
  • 1711 – Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1708)
  • 1758 – Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
  • 1831 – Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
  • 1911 – John Marshall Harlan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1833)
  • 1944 – Erwin Rommel, German field marshall (b. 1891)
  • 1958 – Douglas Mawson, Australian Antarctic explorer (b. 1882)
  • 1959 – Errol Flynn, Australian actor (b. 1909)
  • 1960 – Abram Ioffe, Russian physicist (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Paul Ramadier, French politician (b. 1888)
  • 1961 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (b. 1876)
  • 1967 – Marcel Aymé, French novelist and playwright (b. 1902)
  • 1973 – Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Dame Edith Evans, English actress (b. 1888)
  • 1977 – Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1983 – Willard Price, Canadian author and naturalist
  • 1984 – Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (b. 1918)
  • 1985 – Emil Gilels, Ukrainian pianist (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Leonard Bernstein, American composer and conductor (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Harold Robbins, American novelist (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Cleveland Amory, American writer and animal rights activist (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Frankie Yankovic, American musician (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Norbert Schultze, American composer and songwriter (Lili Marleen) (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – Patrick Dalzel-Job, English soldier and inspiration for James Bond (b. 1913)
  • 2004 – Vlassis Bonatsos, Greek singer, actor and entertainer (b. 1949)
  • 2005 – Jody Dobrowski, English murder victim (b. 1981)
  • 2006 – Freddy Fender, American musician (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Jared Anderson, American death metal bassist (b. 1975)
  • 2006 – Gerry Studds, Democratic Congressman from Massachusetts (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Big Moe, Houston Rapper (b. 1974)

October 14 – Holidays:

  • Teachers’ Day, or National Education Day in Poland
  • French Republican Calendar – Navet (Turnip) Day, twenty-third day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • Chisinau’s (Republic of Moldova’s capital) – national holiday (known as “Hramul Orasului” by locals).

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History October 13

October 13 – Events:

  • 54 – Nero ascends to the Roman throne
  • 409 – Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appeared in Hispania.
  • 1282 – Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies. His ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.
  • 1307 – Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are simultaneously arrested by agents of Phillip the Fair, to be later tortured into “admitting” heresy.
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus and his crew land in the Bahamas
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1773 – The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier
  • 1775 – The United States Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the United States Navy).
  • 1792 – In Washington, D.C., the cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the White House since 1818) is laid.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: Battle of Queenston Heights – As part of the Niagara campaign in Ontario, Canada, United States forces under General Stephen Van Rensselaer are repulsed from invading Canada by British and native troops led by Sir Isaac Brock.
  • 1843 – In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B’nai B’rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).
  • 1845 – A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution, that if accepted by the U.S. Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state.
  • 1870 – The Kappa Kappa Gamma fraternity is founded at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois, by six pioneering women.
  • 1871 – The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • 1881 – Revival of the Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations.
  • 1885 – The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1884 – Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude.
  • 1890 – The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • 1892 – Edward Emerson Barnard discovers D/1892 T1 (Barnard 3), the first comet  discovered by photographic means, on the night of October 13-14.
  • 1917 – The “Miracle of the Sun” is witnessed by an estimated 70,000 people in the Cova da Iria in Fátima, Portugal.
  • 1918 – Mehmed Talat Pasha and the Young Turk (C.U.P.) ministry resign and sign an armistice, ending Ottoman participation in World War I.
  • 1923 – Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey.
  • 1943 – World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: Riga, the capital of Latvia is seized by the Red Army.
  • 1946 – France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.
  • 1958 – Burial of Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII on the 41st anniversary of  the “Miracle of the Sun”.
  • 1960 – 1960 World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates second baseman Bill Mazeroski becomes the first person to end a World Series with a home run, as the Pirates beat the New York Yankees, four games to three.
  • 1967 – The first game in the history of the American Basketball Association is played as the Anaheim Amigos lose to the Oakland Oaks 134-129 in Oakland, California.
  • 1971 – 1971 World Series: The first night game in World Series history is played at Pittsburgh’s Three Rivers Stadium between the Baltimore Orioles and Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 1972 – An Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62 crashed outside Moscow killing 176.
  • 1972 – Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes mountains, in between the borders of Argentina and Chile. By December 23, 1972 only 16 out of 45 people lived long enough to be rescued.
  • 1976 – A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground).
  • 1976 – The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, who was then working at the C.D.C..
  • 1977 – Four Palestinians hijack Lufthansa Flight 181 to Somalia and demand release of 11 members of the Red Army Faction.
  • 1983 – Ameritech Mobile Communications (now Cingular) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1990 – End of the Lebanese war. Syrian forces launch an attack on the free areas of Lebanon removing General Michel Aoun from the presidential palace.
  • 1993 – Captured American Pilot Mike Durant is filmed in an interview in captivity by a CNN camera crew.
  • 1999 – The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
  • 2003 – The Public Library of Science commences publication of an open access scientific journal, PLoS Biology.

October 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1162 – Leonora of England, Queen of Castile (d. 1214)
  • 1474 – Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (d. 1515)
  • 1566 – Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (d. 1643)
  • 1613 – Luisa of Medina-Sidonia, queen of Portugal (d. 1666)
  • 1696 – John Hervey, Lord Hervey, English statesman and writer (d. 1743)
  • 1713 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (d. 1784)
  • 1714 – Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (d. 1778)
  • 1768 – Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (d. 1839)
  • 1820 – John William Dawson, Canadian geologist (d. 1899)
  • 1821 – Rudolf Virchow, German physician, pathologist, biologist, and politician (d. 1902)
  • 1853 – Lillie Langtry, British actress (d. 1929)
  • 1862 – Mary Kingsley, English writer and explorer (d. 1900)
  • 1876 – Rube Waddell, American baseball player (d. 1914)
  • 1878 – Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1952)
  • 1880 – Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (d. 1932)
  • 1887 – Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (d. 1947)
  • 1890 – Conrad Richter, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me) (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – Arna Wendell Bontemps, American writer (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – Wilfred Pickles, English actor and broadcaster (d. 1978)
  • 1907 – Yves Allégret, French film director (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Art Tatum, American jazz pianist (d. 1956)
  • 1909 – Herbert Block, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Ashok Kumar, Indian actor (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Terry Frost, English artist (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Cornel Wilde, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – Laraine Day, American actor
  • 1917 – George Virl Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Burr Tillstrom, American puppeteer (d. 1985)
  • 1918 – Robert Hudson Walker, American actor (d. 1951)
  • 1920 – Laraine Day, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Yves Montand, Italian-born singer and actor (d. 1991)
  • 1923 – Cyril Shaps, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Faas Wilkes, Dutch footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Lenny Bruce, American comedian (d. 1966)
  • 1925 – Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1925 – Gustav Winckler, Danish singer (d. 1979)
  • 1926 – Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Lee Konitz, American jazz saxophonist
  • 1931 – Eddie Mathews, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Raymond Kopa, French footballer
  • 1932 – Jack Colvin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Raynald Frechette, Quebec politician and judge (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Queen Narriman, second and last wife of King Farouk and mother   of their only child King Fuad (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Baron Bingham of Cornhill, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales
  • 1934 – Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer and politician
  • 1937 – Sami Frey, French actor
  • 1938 – Hugo Young, English journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – T. J. Cloutier, American poker player
  • 1939 – Melinda Dillon, American actress
  • 1940 – Pharoah Sanders, American saxophonist
  • 1941 – Paul Simon, American singer and musician (Simon and Garfunkel)
  • 1942 – Jerry Jones, American football team owner
  • 1942 – Pamela Tiffin, American film actress
  • 1942 – Bob Bailey, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Mike Barnicle, American newspaper columnist
  • 1944 – Robert Lamm, American musician (Chicago)
  • 1945 – Christophe, French singer
  • 1945 – Dési Bouterse, Surinam politician
  • 1946 – Edwina Currie, British politician
  • 1947 – Sammy Hagar, American singer (Van Halen)
  • 1947 – Jerry Trupiano, American sports broadcaster
  • 1947 – Alan Wakeman, English saxophonist (Soft Machine)
  • 1948 – John Ford Coley, American musician
  • 1948 – Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician and singer (d. 1997)
  • 1948 – Ted Poe, American politician
  • 1949 – Tom Mees, American sports broadcaster (d. 1996)
  • 1949 – Patrick Nève, Belgian racing driver
  • 1952 – John Lone, Hong Kong actor
  • 1953 – Pat Day, American jockey
  • 1954 – George Frazier, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Claude Ribbe, French historian
  • 1954 – Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli nuclear technician
  • 1956 – Chris Carter, American television producer
  • 1958 – Jair-Rohm Parker Wells, American musician and composer
  • 1959 – Marie Osmond, American entertainer
  • 1960 – Joey Belladonna, American musician (Anthrax)
  • 1960 – Tim Brewster, American football coach
  • 1960 – Ari Fleischer, former White House press secretary
  • 1961 – Doc Rivers, basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – T’Keyah Crystal Keymáh, American actress
  • 1962 – Kelly Preston, American actress
  • 1962 – Jerry Rice, American football star
  • 1963 – Colin Channer, Jamaican writer
  • 1964 – Niè Haishèng, Chinese astronaut
  • 1964 – Christopher Judge, American actor
  • 1965 – Johan Museeuw, Belgian cyclist
  • 1967 – Scott Cooper, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Trevor Hoffman, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Steve Vickers, English footballer
  • 1967 – Kate Walsh, American actress
  • 1968 – Tisha Campbell-Martin, American actress and singer
  • 1968 – Carlos Marin, Spanish baritone (Il Divo)
  • 1969 – Rhett Akins, American country singer
  • 1969 – Nancy Kerrigan, American figure skater
  • 1969 – Cady McClain, American actress
  • 1970 – Serena Altschul, American reporter
  • 1970 – Mel Jackson, American actor and R&B musician
  • 1971 – Sacha Baron Cohen, English comedian
  • 1971 – Billy Bush, American TV host
  • 1971 – Pyrros Dimas, Greek weightlifter
  • 1972 – Summer Sanders, American swimmer
  • 1973 – Brian Dawkins, American football player
  • 1973 – Peter Dumbreck, Scottish race car driver
  • 1973 – Matt Hughes, American mixed martial artist
  • 1973 – Nanako Matsushima, Japanese actress
  • 1974 – Hawick Lau, Chinese actor and singer
  • 1974 – Joseph Utsler, American rapper (Insane Clown Posse)
  • 1975 – Tom Anderson, American entrepreneur
  • 1975 – David Kennedy, American musician (Box Car Racer, Angels & Airwaves)
  • 1977 – Gareth Batty, English cricketer
  • 1977 – Paul Pierce, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Kiele Sanchez, American actress
  • 1978 – Jermaine O’Neal, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Wes Brown, English footballer
  • 1980 – Ashanti, American singer
  • 1980 – Magne Hoseth, Norwegian footballer
  • 1980 – Scott Parker, English footballer
  • 1980 – Jon Micah Sumrall, American singer (Kutless)
  • 1981 – Ryan Ashford, English footballer
  • 1981 – Kele Okereke, lead singer of Bloc Party
  • 1982 – Ian Thorpe, Australian swimmer
  • 1984 – Frank Simek, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Misono, Japanese singer (formerly Day After Tomorrow)

October 13 – Deaths:

  • 54 – Claudius, Roman Emperor (b. 10 BC)
  • 1093 – Robert I, Count of Flanders
  • 1282 – Nichiren Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism (b. 1222)
  • 1415 – Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1381)
  • 1508 – Edmund de Ros, 11th Baron de Ros, English politician (b. 1446)
  • 1605 – Theodore Beza, French theologian (b. 1519)
  • 1673 – Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman (b. 1617)
  • 1687 – Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (b. 1633)
  • 1694 – Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist (b. 1632)
  • 1706 – Iyasus the Great, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1682)
  • 1715 – Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (b. 1638)
  • 1759 – John Henley, English minister (b. 1692)
  • 1788 – Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent, Irish politician and poet (b. 1702)
  • 1812 – Sir Isaac Brock, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1769)
  • 1815 – Joachim Murat, French marshal and King of Naples (executed) (b. 1767)
  • 1825 – King Maximilian I of Bavaria (b. 1756)
  • 1869 – Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French literary critic (b. 1804)
  • 1882 – Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)
  • 1890 – Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1816)
  • 1904 – Pavlos Melas, Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia (b. 1870)
  • 1905 – Sir Henry Irving, the first British actor to be knighted (b. 1838)
  • 1909 – Francisco Ferrer Guardia, Spanish free-thinker (b. 1849)
  • 1917 – Florence La Badie, American actress
  • 1919 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1926 – Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian author and philologist (b. 1865)
  • 1931 – Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)
  • 1938 – E.C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye) (b. 1894)
  • 1945 – Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (b. 1857)
  • 1950 – Ernest Haycox, American writer (b. 1899)
  • 1955 – Manuel Ávila Camacho, President of Mexico (b. 1897)
  • 1966 – Clifton Webb, American actor (b. 1889)
  • 1968 – Bea Benaderet, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1971 – Stafford Smythe, Canadian NHL executive (b. 1921)
  • 1974 – Ed Sullivan, American television personality (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Rebecca Helferich Clarke, English composer and violist (b. 1886)
  • 1987 – Walter Brattain, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1987 – Kishore Kumar, Indian Singer (b.1929)
  • 1988 – Mike Venezia, jockey (b. 1945)
  • 1995 – Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter
  • 2000 – Jean Peters, American actress (b. 1926) 2001 – Peter Doyle, Australian pop singer (The New Seekers) (b. 1949)
  • 2002 – Stephen Ambrose, American historian and biographer (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Bertram Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Vivian Malone Jones, American civil rights activist (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Wang Guangmei, Chinese first lady (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Bob Denard, French mercenary (b. 1929)

October 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Fontanalia: festival dedicated to Fontus
  • Roman Catholic Saints – translation (1163) of Saint Edward the Confessor; memorial of Saint Gerald of Aurillac optional feast of Our Lady of Fatima
  • French Republican Calendar – Pêche (Peach) Day, twenty-second day in the Month of Vendémiaire

 

 

 

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized