On This Day in History March 9

March 9 – Events:

  • 590 – Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia.
  • 1230 – Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa.
  • 1276 – Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City.
  • 1500 – The fleet of Pedro Alvares Cabral leaves Lisbon for the Indies. The fleet will discover the sea route to Brazil, already Portuguese since the treaty of Tordesillas in 1494.
  • 1566 – David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1765 – After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.
  • 1776 – Publication of the economics book The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith.
  • 1796 – Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais.
  • 1834 – French Foreign Legion is founded.
  • 1841 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Amistad case, concerning captive Africans who seized control of the slave-trading ship carrying them: the court rules that they had been taken into slavery illegally.
  • 1842 – Giuseppe Verdi’s third opera Nabucco premieres in Milan; its success establishes Verdi as one of Italy’s foremost opera writers.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico near Vera Cruz.
  • 1856 – Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The first battle between two ironclad warships, a five-hour battle near Hampton Roads, Virginia between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, results in a draw.
  • 1896 – Prime Minister Francesco Crispi resigns following the Italian defeat at the Battle of Adowa.
  • 1908 – Inter Milan is founded.
  • 1910 – The Westmoreland County Coal Strike, involving 15,000 coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers, begins.
  • 1916 – Pancho Villa leads 1,500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17.
  • 1924 – Italy annexes Fiume.
  • 1925 – Pink’s War, the first RAF operation conducted independently of the Army or Navy, begins.
  • 1932 – The first Ford Flathead engine leaves the assembly line at Ford Motor Company.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: The United States Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation. President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to the Congress.
  • 1935 – Adolf Hitler announces the creation of a new air force.
  • 1945 – World War II: Bombing of Tokyo – American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan with incendiary bombs. The resulting fire storm kills over 100,000 people. The attack begins March 9 and continues into March 10.
  • 1954 – McCarthyism: CBS television broadcasts the See It Now episode, “A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy,” produced by Fred Friendly.
  • 1957 – The magnitude 8.6 1957 Andreanof Islands Earthquake and tsunami occurs.
  • 1959 – The Barbie doll debuts.
  • 1967 – Josef Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva defects to the United States.
  • 1975 – Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • 1976 – Forty-two people die in a Cavalese cable-car disaster, the worst cable-car accident to date.
  • 1977 – The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims take over three buildings in Washington, D.C., killing one person and taking more than 130 hostages. The hostage situation ends two days later.
  • 1984 – The Competitive Enterprise Institute in founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1986 – United States Navy divers find the largely intact but heavily-damaged crew compartment of the Space Shuttle Challenger. The bodies of all seven astronauts were still inside.
  • 1989 – A strike forces financially-troubled Eastern Air Lines into bankruptcy.
  • 1990 – Dr. Antonia Novello is sworn in as Surgeon General of the United States, becoming the first female and Hispanic American to serve in that position.
  • 1990 – Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, Clyde Wells confirms he will rescind Newfoundland and Labrador’s approval of the Meech Lake Accord to amend Canada’s constitution, effectively killing the Accord.
  • 1991 – Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Miloševic in Belgrade. Two people are killed and tanks are in the streets.
  • 1993 – Rodney King testifies at the federal trial of four Los Angeles, California police officers accused of violating King’s civil rights when they beat him during an arrest.
  • 2006 – Liquid water is discovered on Enceladus, the sixth largest moon of Saturn.

March 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1213 – Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (d. 1271)
  • 1285 – Emperor Go-Nijo of Japan (d. 1318)
  • 1454 – Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer and cartographer (d. 1512)
  • 1564 – David Fabricius, German astronomer (d. 1617)
  • 1568 – Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (d. 1591)
  • 1629 – Tsar Alexis I of Russia (d. 1676)
  • 1720 – Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (d. 1790)
  • 1737 – Josef Myslivecek, Czech composer (d. 1781)
  • 1749 – Honore Mirabeau, French writer and politician (d. 1791)
  • 1753 – Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (d. 1800)
  • 1758 – Franz Joseph Gall, German neuroscientist (d. 1828)
  • 1763 – William Cobbett, English journalist and author (d. 1835)
  • 1806 – Edwin Forrest, American actor and philanthropist (d. 1872)
  • 1814 – Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet (d. 1861)
  • 1815 – David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1886)
  • 1820 – Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1893)
  • 1825 – Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)
  • 1839 – Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (d. 1908)
  • 1856 – Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (d. 1928)
  • 1887 – Phil Mead, English cricketeer (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)
  • 1890 – Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician (d. 1986)
  • 1892 – Vita Sackville-West, English writer and gardener (d. 1962)
  • 1894 – Frank Arnau, German writer (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (d. 1948)
  • 1902 – Will Geer, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Derk Bodde, American sinologist (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Samuel Barber, American composer (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Johnnie Johnson, British fighter pilot (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – George Lincoln Rockwell, founder and leader of the American Nazi Party (d. 1967)
  • 1918 – Mickey Spillane, American writer (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Carl Betz, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1921 – Dimitris Horn, Greek actor (d. 1998)
  • 1923 – Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 1928 – Gerald Bull, Canadian long range artillery designer (d. 1990)
  • 1929 – Desmond Hoyte, Prime Minister and President of Guyana (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Ornette Coleman, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1931 – Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Keely Smith, American singer
  • 1932 – Walter Mercado, Puerto Rican astrologist and actor
  • 1933 – Mel Lastman, Canadian politician
  • 1933 – Lloyd Price, American singer
  • 1934 – Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1968)
  • 1934 – Del Close, American actor, improviser, writer, and teacher (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Marlene Streit, Canadian golfer
  • 1934 – Joyce Van Patten, American actress
  • 1935 – Andrew Viterbi, American telecommunications scientist and businessman
  • 1936 – Tom Sestak, American football player (d. 1987)
  • 1936 – Mickey Gilley, American musician and singer
  • 1937 – Bernard Landry, Premier of Quebec from 2001-2003
  • 1937 – Brian Redman, English racing driver
  • 1938 – Lill-Babs, Swedish singer
  • 1940 – Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (d. 1976)
  • 1942 – John Cale, Welsh musician (The Velvet Underground)
  • 1942 – Mark Lindsay, American singer/musician (Paul Revere & The Raiders)
  • 1943 – Bobby Fischer, American chess player (d. 2008)
  • 1943 – Charles Gibson, American television journalist
  • 1943 – Trish Van Devere, American actress
  • 1945 – Robert Calvert, English singer (Hawkwind) (d. 1988)
  • 1945 – Dennis Rader, American serial killer
  • 1945 – Robin Trower, British rock musician
  • 1946 – Jim Cregan, British rock musician
  • 1947 – Keri Hulme, New Zealandic writer
  • 1948 – Jeffrey Osborne, American singer
  • 1948 – Emma Bonino, Italian politician
  • 1949 – Tapani Kansa, Finnish singer
  • 1950 – Doug Ault, baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1950 – Danny Sullivan, American race car driver
  • 1951 – Michael Kinsley, American journalist and editor
  • 1951 – Helen Zille, South African politician
  • 1954 – Bobby Sands, IRA member (d. 1981)
  • 1955 – Teo Fabi, Italian racing driver
  • 1955 – Ornella Muti, Italian actress
  • 1956 – Shashi Tharoor, Indian author & United Nations Under-Secretary General
  • 1956 – David Willetts, UK Shadow Secretary for Education (Conservative)
  • 1957 – Mark Mancina, American composer
  • 1957 – Faith Daniels, American journalist
  • 1957 – Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician
  • 1958 – Martin Fry, English pop singer (ABC)
  • 1958 – Jack Kenny, American television writer and producer
  • 1960 – Linda Fiorentino, American actress
  • 1961 – Mike Leach, American college football coach
  • 1961 – Robert Rechsteiner, US professional wrestler (Rick Steiner)
  • 1961 – Camryn Manheim, American actress
  • 1962 – Jan Furtok, Polish footballer
  • 1963 – Sean Salisbury, American football player
  • 1963 – Terry Mulholland, American baseball player
  • 1963 – David Pogue, Technology columnist and musician
  • 1964 – Juliette Binoche, French actress
  • 1964 – Phil Housley, American ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Herbert Fandel, German football referee
  • 1965 – Brian Bosworth, American football player
  • 1965 – Benito Santiago, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1966 – Brendan Canty, American musician (Fugazi)
  • 1966 – Tony Lockett, Australian Rules Footballer
  • 1966 – Michael Patrick MacDonald, American memorist
  • 1968 – Youri Djorkaeff, French footballer
  • 1968 – Johnny Kelly, American drummer (Type O Negative)
  • 1969 – Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Stefie Shock, Quebec singer and songwriter
  • 1970 – Martin Johnson, English rugby player
  • 1970 – Shannon Leto, American drummer and occasional actor (30 Seconds to Mars)
  • 1971 – Emmanuel Lewis, American actor
  • 1971 – C Miller, American rapper
  • 1971 – Diego Torres, Argentine singer
  • 1972 – Spencer Howson, Australian radio broadcaster
  • 1972 – Kerr Smith, American actor
  • 1973 – Aaron Boone, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Roy Makaay, Dutch footballer
  • 1975 – Juan Sebastián Verón, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Thor Halvorssen, human rights activist
  • 1976 – Ben Mulroney, Canadian television host
  • 1977 – Yamila Diaz, Argentine supermodel
  • 1977 – Radek Dvorák, Czech hockey player
  • 1978 – Lucas Neill, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Chingy, American rapper
  • 1979 – Melina Perez, WWE Diva
  • 1980 – Matthew Gray Gubler, American actor, film director, sketch artist, and former fashion model.
  • 1981 – Antonio Bryant, American football player
  • 1981 – Anders Nøhr, Danish footballer
  • 1981 – Clay Rapada, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Paul Ballard, English television presenter
  • 1983 – Clint Dempsey, American footballer
  • 1983 – Maite Perroni, singer in the Latin pop group RBD
  • 1983 – Wayne Simien, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Julia Mancuso, American Olympic gold medalist
  • 1986 – Brittany Snow, American actress
  • 1987 – Bow Wow, American rapper and actor

March 9 – Deaths:

  • 1202 – King Sverre of Norway
  • 1422 – Jan Zelivsky, Hussite priest (b. 1380)
  • 1440 – St Frances of Rome, Italian nun (b. 1384)
  • 1566 – David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary I of Scotland (b. 1533)
  • 1649 – James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
  • 1649 – Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier (executed) (b. 1590)
  • 1661 – Jules Cardinal Mazarin, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1602)
  • 1709 – Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, English diplomat
  • 1808 – Joseph Bonomi the Elder, architect (b. 1739)
  • 1851 – Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist (b. 1777)
  • 1888 – William I, German Emperor (b. 1797)
  • 1897 – Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (b. 1825)
  • 1937 – Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist (b. 1864)
  • 1954 – Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)
  • 1954 – V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (b. 1874)
  • 1960 – Jack Beattie, Northern Irish politician (b. 1886)
  • 1964 – Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (b. 1870)
  • 1966 – Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (b. 1924)
  • 1971 – Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria, Coptic Orthodox Patriarch (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1975 – Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (b. 1888)
  • 1983 – Faye Emerson, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1983 – Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Robert Mapplethorpe, American artist (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (b. 1943)
  • 1992 – Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – C. Northcote Parkinson, British historian and writer (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Bob Crosby, American bandleader and vocalist (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Charles Bukowski, American writer (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Fernando Rey, Spanish-born actor (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Eddie Creatchman, Canadian wrestler manager (b. 1928)
  • 1996 – George Burns, American actor and singer (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper (b. 1972)
  • 1999 – Harry Somers, Canadian composer (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Ivo Robic, Croatian singer and songwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Albert Mol, Dutch actor (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Dr. Gerald Deskin, Ph.D., clinical child psychologist (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (b. 1954)
  • 2004 – Rust Epique, former CrazyTown guitarist (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – Chris LeDoux, American country singer (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – István Nyers, Hungarian footballer (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler; aka Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – John Profumo, British cabinet minister (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Geir Ivarsøy, Norwegian programmer, co-founder of Opera Software ASA (b. 1957)
  • 2007 – Brad Delp, American singer (Boston) (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Glen Harmon, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Jeanne Hopkins Lucas, North Carolina politician (b. unknown)

March 9 – Holidays:

  • Belize – Baron Bliss Day.
  • Catholicism Feast day of:
    • Saint Gregory of Nyssa
    • Saint Frances of Rome
    • Forty Martyrs of Sebaste

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On This Day in History March 8

March 8 – Events:

  • 1618 – Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion.
  • 1702 – Anne Stuart, the sister of the childless Mary II, becomes Queen regnant of England,  Scotland, and Ireland after the death of William III of Orange.
  • 1765 – The British House of Lords passes the Stamp Act to tax the American colonies.
  • 1775 – Thomas Paine’s “African Slavery in America” was published. It was the first article in the United States calling for the emancipation of all slaves and the abolition of slavery.
  • 1817 – The New York Stock Exchange is founded.
  • 1844 – King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1854 – U.S. Commodore Matthew C. Perry makes his second landing in Japan, where he would conclude a treaty with the Japanese within a month.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The iron-clad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) is launched at Hampton Roads, Virginia.
  • 1884 – Susan B. Anthony addresses the U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote. Anthony’s argument came 16 years after legislators had first introduced a federal women’s suffrage amendment.
  • 1894 – The state of New York enacts the nation’s first dog-licensing law.
  • 1911 – International Women’s Day is launched in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Clara Zetkin, leader of the Women’s Office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany.
  • 1917 – Riots and strikes break out in St. Petersburg, Russia, marking the start of the Russian Revolution.
  • 1917 – The U.S. Senate votes to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.
  • 1921 – Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • 1924 – The Castle Gate mine disaster kills 172 coal miners near Castle Gate, Utah.
  • 1936 – The first stock car race is held in Daytona Beach, Florida.
  • 1939 – J.R.R. Tolkien delivers his seminal talk “On Fairy Stories.”
  • 1942 – World War II: The Dutch surrender to Japanese forces on Java.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japan captures Rangoon, Burma.
  • 1942 – World War II: British bombers begin a new style of air raid, using incendiary bombs to light the way for a nighttime attack on the Krupp armament works in Essen. The long series of attacks reduce the city to ruins.
  • 1943 – World War II: Japanese troops counter-attack American forces on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that would last five days.
  • 1945 – Allied forces move large numbers of troops across the Rhine River to significantly reinforce and expand their tenuous hold on the captured Ludendorff Bridge (Bridge at Remagen), allowing them to push armor across the river and better secure the nascent lodgement.
  • 1950 – Marshal Kliment Voroshilov announces that the Soviet Union possesses an atomic bomb.
  • 1957 – Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis.
  • 1963 – The Ba’ath Party comes to power in Syria in a Coup d’état by a clique of quasi-leftist Syrian Army officers calling themselves the National Council of the Revolutionary Command.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: 3,500 United States Marines arrive in South Vietnam, becoming the first American combat troops in Vietnam.
  • 1966 – Vietnam War: Australia announces it is going to substantially increase its number of troops in Vietnam.
  • 1966 – A bomb planted by young Irish protesters destroys Nelson’s Pillar in Dublin.
  • 1971 – Joe Frazier becomes the undisputed world heavyweight boxing champion by winning a unanimous 15-round decision over Muhammad Ali at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
  • 1974 – Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France.
  • 1980 – The first festival of rock music kicks off in the Soviet Union.
  • 1983 – President Ronald Reagan calls the Soviet Union an “evil empire.”
  • 1983 – The U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee endorses a nuclear weapons freeze with the Soviet Union, a move denounced by President Ronald Reagan.
  • 1999 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the murder convictions of Timothy McVeigh for the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2004 – A new constitution is signed by Iraq’s Governing Council.

March 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1286 – John III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1341)
  • 1293 – Beatrice of Castile, queen of Portugal (d. 1359)
  • 1495 – John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint (d. 1550)
  • 1514 – Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1562)
  • 1560 – Don Carlo Gesualdo, Italian composer (d. 1613)
  • 1659 – Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (d. 1738)
  • 1712 – John Fothergill, English physician (d. 1780)
  • 1714 – Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer (d. 1788)
  • 1726 – Richard Howe, British admiral (d. 1799)
  • 1746 – André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
  • 1748 – William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic
  • 1783 – Hannah Van Buren, wife of American president Martin Van Buren (d. 1819)
  • 1799 – Simon Cameron, U.S. Secretary of War (d. 1889)
  • 1814 – Ede Szigligeti, Hungarian dramatist (d. 1878)
  • 1822 – Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish inventor (d. 1882)
  • 1827 – Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (d. 1875)
  • 1830 – João de Deus, Portuguese poet (d. 1896)
  • 1841 – Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1935)
  • 1856 – Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1929)
  • 1856 – Tom Roberts, Australian artist (d. 1931)
  • 1859 – Kenneth Grahame, English author (d. 1932)
  • 1865 – Frederic Goudy, American type designer (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – Anna Held, Polish-born actress and singer (d. 1918)
  • 1879 – Otto Hahn, German Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1972)
  • 1891 – Sam Jaffe, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1892 – Mississippi John Hurt, American blues singer and guitarist (d. 1966)
  • 1896 – Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, Mayor of Ottawa (d. 1975)
  • 1899 – Elmer Keith, Firearms enthusiast and Author (d. 1984)
  • 1902 – Louise Beavers, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1902 – Jennings Randolph, U.S. Senator from West Virginia (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Constantine Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Bernard Benjamin, statistician, actuary and demographer (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – Claire Trevor, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Alan Hovhaness, American composer (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Preston Smith, Governor of Texas (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987)
  • 1915 – Tapio Rautavaara, Finnish athlete, actor, and singer (d. 1979)
  • 1916 – John Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Cyd Charisse, American actress and dancer
  • 1921 – Alan Hale, Jr., American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1922 – Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Mangaka
  • 1922 – Carl Furillo, American baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1925 – Warren Bennis, American educator and author
  • 1926 – Francisco Rabal, Spanish actor (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Dick Hyman, American pianist, conductor, and composer
  • 1930 – Bob Grim, American baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1931 – John McPhee, American writer and professor
  • 1931 – Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Luca Ronconi, Italian actor, theater and opera director
  • 1934 – Marv Breeding, American baseball player (d.2006)
  • 1936 – Gábor Szabó, Hungarian guitarist (d. 1982)
  • 1937 – Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda (d. 1994)
  • 1938 – Pete Dawkins, American football player
  • 1939 – Jim Bouton, American baseball player, author, and entrepreneur
  • 1939 – Lidia Skoblikova, Russian skater
  • 1939 – Robert Tear, Welsh tenor
  • 1940 – Susan Clark, Canadian actress
  • 1941 – Andrei Mironov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1942 – Ann Packer, British athlete
  • 1942 – Dick Allen, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Lynn Redgrave, English actress
  • 1944 – Sergey Nikitin, Russian composer
  • 1944 – Pepé Romero, Spanish guitarist
  • 1944 – Palito Ortega, Argentine singer and actor
  • 1945 – Bruce Broughton, American composer
  • 1945 – Jim Chapman, American politician
  • 1945 – Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • 1945 – Micky Dolenz, American musician (The Monkees)
  • 1946 – Randy Meisner, American musician (The Eagles)
  • 1947 – Mike Allsup, American musician (Three Dog Night)
  • 1947 – Carole Bayer Sager, American composer
  • 1947 – Florentino Pérez, former President of Real Madrid
  • 1948 – Peggy March, American pop singer
  • 1952 – George Felix Allen, former Governor and U.S. Senator from Virginia
  • 1953 – Bob Brozman, American musician
  • 1953 – Jim Rice, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Don Werner, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Cheryl Baker, British singer (Bucks Fizz)
  • 1954 – David Wilkie, Scottish swimmer
  • 1955 – Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1981)
  • 1956 – John Kapelos, Canadian actor
  • 1956 – Laurie Cunningham, English former footballer (d. 1989)
  • 1957 – Clive Burr, British musician, former drummer for Iron Maiden
  • 1957 – Cynthia Rothrock, American actress and martial artist
  • 1957 – Bob Stoddard, American baseball player
  • 1957 – John Butcher, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Gary Numan, British singer
  • 1958 – Nick Capra, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Aidan Quinn, American actor
  • 1960 – Max Metzker, Australian swimmer
  • 1961 – Camryn Manheim, American actress
  • 1961 – Larry Murphy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Mark Salas, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Lorelei, American fetish model and photographer
  • 1963 – Kathy Ireland, American model, actress, author, and entrepreneur
  • 1963 – Mike Lalor, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Lance McCullers, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Fátima Lopes, Portuguese fashion designer
  • 1967 – Joel Johnston, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Michael Bartels, German race car driver
  • 1968 – Shawn Mullins, American musician
  • 1968 – Jim Dougherty, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Andrea Parker, American actress, ballet dancer
  • 1970 – Jason Elam, American football player
  • 1971 – Kit Symons, Welsh footballer
  • 1972 – Angie Hart, Australian pop singer
  • 1972 – Fergal O’Brien, Irish snooker player
  • 1972 – Georgios Georgiadis, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Anneke van Giersbergen, Dutch singer (The Gathering)
  • 1973 – Boris Kodjoe, Austrian model
  • 1973 – Kurt Mollekens, Belgian racing car driver
  • 1973 – Justin Thompson, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Mark Lukasiewicz, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Mike Moriarty, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Fardeen Khan, Indian actor
  • 1975 – Peggy Zina, Greek singer
  • 1976 – Gaz Coombes, English singer (Supergrass)
  • 1976 – Juan Encarnacion, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Ryan Freel, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Hines Ward, American football player
  • 1976 – Freddie Prinze Jr., American actor
  • 1977 – James Van Der Beek, American actor
  • 1977 – Johann Vogel, Swiss footballer
  • 1979 – Tom Chaplin, English singer (Keane)
  • 1979 – Andy Ross, American guitarist (OK Go)
  • 1979 – Nick Zano, American actor
  • 1981 – Michael Beauchamp, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Jessica Jaymes, American porn actress
  • 1981 – Timothy Jordan II, American musician (The All American Rejects, Jonezetta) (d. 2005)
  • 1982 – Nicoleta Onel, Romanian gymnast
  • 1982 – Kat Von D, Mexican-American tattoo artist
  • 1982 – Nicolas Armindo, race car driver
  • 1982 – Leonidas Kabantais, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Craig Stansberry, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Dave Moffatt, Canadian musician (his brothers Robert and Clint, also musicians, born the same day)
  • 1985 – Ewa Sonnet, Polish model and pop singer
  • 1988 – Armanti Edwards, NCAA football player
  • 1990 – Ben Tozer, Newcastle United Footballer
  • 1991 – Devon Werkheiser, American Actor
  • 1992 – Charlie Ray, American actress
  • 1996 – Lorna Fitzgerald, EastEnders actress

March 8 – Deaths:

  • 1126 – Urraca of Castile (b. 1082)
  • 1144 – Pope Celestine II
  • 1202 – Sverre of Norway
  • 1223 – Wincenty Kadlubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)
  • 1550 – Saint John of God, a saint (b. 1495)
  • 1641 – Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer (b. 1587)
  • 1674 – Charles Sorel, sieur de Souvigny, French writer (b. 1597)
  • 1702 – William III of England (b. 1650)
  • 1731 – Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1688)
  • 1757 – Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1701)
  • 1771 – Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
  • 1819 – Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (b. 1739)
  • 1844 – Charles XIV John of Sweden (b. 1763)
  • 1855 – William Poole, Infamous member of New York City’s Bowery Boys gang (b. 1821)
  • 1869 – Hector Berlioz, French composer (b. 1803)
  • 1872 – Cornelius Krieghoff, Canadian painter (b. 1815)
  • 1874 – Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (b. 1800)
  • 1887 – Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman (b. 1813)
  • 1887 – James Buchanan Eads, American engineer (b. 1820)
  • 1889 – John Ericsson, Swedish inventor (b. 1803)
  • 1917 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German aircraft manufacturer (b. 1838)
  • 1923 – Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
  • 1923 – Krišjanis Barons, Latvian writer (b. 1835)
  • 1930 – William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (b. 1857)
  • 1937 – Howie Morenz, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1902)
  • 1941 – Sherwood Anderson, American author (b. 1876)
  • 1942 – José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban chess player (b. 1888)
  • 1961 – Thomas Beecham, English conductor (b. 1879)
  • 1971 – Harold Lloyd, American actor (b. 1893)
  • 1972 – Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, American musician (b. 1945)
  • 1975 – George Stevens, American director (b. 1904)
  • 1976 – Alfons Rebane, Estonian military commander (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – William Walton, English composer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Edward Andrews, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer (b. 1961)
  • 1988 – Werner Hartmann, German physicist (b. 1912)
  • 1988 – Henryk Szeryng, Polish-born violinist (b. 1918)
  • 1993 – Billy Eckstine, American musician (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Ingo Schwichtenberg, German drummer (b. 1965)
  • 1998 – Ray Nitschke, American football player (b. 1936)
  • 1999 – Peggy Cass, American actress and comedian (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentinean writer (b.1914)
  • 2001 – Edward Winter, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Adam Faith, English singer and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Karen Morley, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Abu Abbas, founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (b. 1954)
  • 2005 – Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen leader (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Brian Barratt-Boyes, New Zealand heart surgeon (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – John Inman, English actor (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Viky Vanita, Greek actress (b. 1948)
  • 2007 – John Vukovich, American baseball player and coach.. (b. 1947)
  • 2008 – Carol Barnes, Former ITV news presenter (b. 1944)

March 8 – Holidays:

  • Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, etc. – Mother’s Day.
  • International Women’s Day (United Nations)
  • Catholicism:
    • Saint John of God.
    • Saint Philemon (d. 305)

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On This Day in History March 7

March 7 – Events:

  • 161 – Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.
  • 321 – Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) is the day of rest in the Empire.
  • 1277 – Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris.
  • 1798 – The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.
  • 1799 – Napoleon I of France captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
  • 1799 – The Royal Institution is founded.
  • 1814 – Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.
  • 1815 – Napoleon I of France meets troops of the Fifth Regiment sent by Louis XVIII at Grenoble, and convinces them to join him on his march to Paris.
  • 1827 – Brazil marines sail up the Rio Negro (Argentina) and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina. They are defeated by the local citizens.
  • 1827 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.
  • 1848 – The Great mahele (land division) is signed in Hawaii.
  • 1850 – United States Senator Daniel Webster gives his “Seventh of March” speech in which he endorses the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war.
  • 1854 – Charles Miller patents the first sewing machine to stitch buttonholes.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Pea Ridge – Union forces led by General Samuel Curtis defeat Confederate troops under General Earl Van Dorn at Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.
  • 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the telephone (patent # 174,465).
  • 1912 – Roald Amundsen first announces to the world that his expedition has reached the South Pole, though they had arrived on December 14, 1911.
  • 1914 – Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign.
  • 1918 – World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
  • 1926 – The first transatlantic telephone call was made from New York City to London.
  • 1936 – World War II (Prelude to): In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles,  Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, establish a bridgehead on Germany soil and in desperate fighting begin to establish a lodgement. This event shakes up the whole Western Front and greatly hastens the end of WW-II.
  • 1947 – The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • 1948 – The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending the Italian rule.
  • 1950 – Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.
  • 1951 – Korean War: Operation Ripper – In Korea, United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against Chinese forces.
  • 1965 – In Selma, Alabama, State troopers and local law enforcement forcefully break up a group of 600 civil rights marchers. The event was televised and was dubbed Bloody Sunday.
  • 1968 – The BBC broadcasts the news for the first time in color on television.
  • 1969 – Golda Meir nominated by the Labor party as the first female Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1988 – Colombia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1989 – Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel.
  • 1989 – The State Council of the People’s Republic of China declares martial law in Lhasa, Tibet.
  • 1994 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.
  • 1995 – The U.S. state of New York reiterates the death sentence.
  • 1996 – The first democratically elected Palestinian parliament is formed.
  • 1996 – The Hubble Space Telescope makes the first pictures of the surface of Pluto.
  • 2004 – New Democracy wins the national elections in Greece.
  • 2005 – Mass protest outside the National Assembly of Kuwait building for women’s voting rights in Kuwait.
  • 2006 – Apple Inc. is granted the patent to the iPod.
  • 2007 – British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected.

March 7 – Birthdays:

  • 189 – Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor (d. 211)
  • 1481 – Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (d. 1537)
  • 1556 – Guillaume du Vair, French writer (d. 1621)
  • 1671 – Robert Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero (d. 1734)
  • 1678 – Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (d. 1736)
  • 1687 – Jean Lebeuf, French historian (d. 1760)
  • 1693 – Pope Clement XIII (d. 1769)
  • 1715 – Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)
  • 1715 – Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (d. 1755)
  • 1730 – Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (d. 1807)
  • 1765 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor of photography (d. 1833)
  • 1785 – Alessandro Manzoni, Italian writer (d. 1873)
  • 1788 – Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1878)
  • 1792 – John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871)
  • 1837 – Henry Draper, American physician and astronomer (d. 1882)
  • 1841 – William Rockhill Nelson, founder of the Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)
  • 1849 – Luther Burbank, American botanist (d. 1926)
  • 1850 – Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
  • 1850 – Tomáš Masaryk, first President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1937)
  • 1857 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1940)
  • 1872 – Piet Mondrian, Dutch painter (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (d. 1959)
  • 1875 – Maurice Ravel, French composer (d. 1937)
  • 1878 – Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • 1887 – Heino Eller, Estonian composer (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Alidius Warmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Dutch lawyer and politician (d. 1978)
  • 1893 – Milton Avery, American artist (d. 1965)
  • 1902 – Heinz Rühmann, German actor (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian speed skater (d. 1969)
  • 1904 – Reinhard Heydrich, German SS senior officer and Nazi official (d. 1942, by assassination)
  • 1908 – Anna Magnani, Italian actress (d. 1973)
  • 1915 – Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French politician (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Lee Young, American jazz drummer and singer
  • 1922 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Rene Gagnon, US Marine shown in photograph of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (d. 1979)
  • 1927 – James Broderick, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and teacher (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Henri Landwirth, Belgian-American hotel owner and philanthropist
  • 1930 – Antony Armstrong-Jones, Lord Snowdon, former husband of Princess Margaret
  • 1932 – Gene Shalit, American film critic
  • 1933 – Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1998)
  • 1934 – Willard Scott, American television broadcaster
  • 1934 – Giorgos Katsaros, Greek musician and composer
  • 1938 – David Baltimore, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1938 – Janet Guthrie, American race car driver
  • 1940 – Rudi Dutschke, German student leader (d. 1979)
  • 1940 – Daniel J. Travanti, American actor
  • 1942 – Tammy Faye Bakker, American televangelist (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Michael Eisner, American film studio executive
  • 1942 – Charles R. Boutin, American politician
  • 1943 – Chris White, British musician (The Zombies)
  • 1944 – Stanley Schmidt, American editor
  • 1944 – Townes Van Zandt, American musician and songwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1945 – John Heard, American actor
  • 1945 – Arthur Lee, American musician (Love) (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Matthew Fisher, British musician (Procol Harum)
  • 1946 – Peter Wolf, American musician (J Geils Band)
  • 1947 – Richard Lawson, American actor
  • 1947 – Walter Röhrl, German race and rally car driver
  • 1947 – Helen Eadie, Scottish politician
  • 1949 – Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician
  • 1950 – Iris Chacon, Puerto Rican singer and dancer
  • 1950 – Franco Harris, American football player
  • 1951 – Francis Rocco Prestia, American musician (Tower of Power)
  • 1952 – Ernie Isley, American musician (The Isley Brothers)
  • 1952 – Viv Richards, Antiguan West Indies cricketer
  • 1952 – Lynn Swann, American football player
  • 1953 – Teri McMinn, American Actress
  • 1955 – Tommy Kramer, American football player
  • 1955 – Anupam Kher, Bollywood Actor
  • 1956 – Bryan Cranston, American actor
  • 1957 – Robert Harris, English TV reporter and journalist
  • 1958 – Alan Hale, American astronomer
  • 1958 – Rik Mayall, British actor
  • 1959 – Donna Murphy, American actress
  • 1960 – Joe Carter, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Ivan Lendl, Czech tennis player
  • 1962 – Taylor Dayne, American singer
  • 1962 – Peter Manley, English Darts Player
  • 1963 – Bill Brochtrup, American actor
  • 1963 – Denyce Graves, American singer
  • 1964 – Bret Easton Ellis, American writer
  • 1964 – Wanda Sykes, American actress and comedienne
  • 1965 – Jack Armstrong, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Steve Beuerlein, American football player
  • 1965 – Jesper Parnevik, Swedish golfer
  • 1967 – Ai Yazawa, Japanese mangaka
  • 1968 – Denis Boucher, Canadian baseball player
  • 1968 – Jeff Kent, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Warrel Dane, American singer (Nevermore)
  • 1969 – Hideki Noda, Japanese racing driver
  • 1969 – Shin Ae Ra, Korean actress and radio DJ
  • 1971 – Rachel Weisz, British actress
  • 1971 – Peter Sarsgaard, American actor
  • 1972 – Jang Dong-gun, South Korean actor and musician
  • 1972 – Maxim Roy, Quebec actress
  • 1973 – Ray Parlour, English footballer
  • 1973 – Sébastien Izambard, operatic pop singer (Il Divo)
  • 1973 – Jason Bright, Australian racing driver
  • 1974 – Larry Bagby, American actor and musician
  • 1974 – Jenna Fischer, American actress
  • 1974 – Facundo Sava, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Chelsea Charms, American adult actress
  • 1977 – Gianluca Grava, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Ronan O’Gara, Irish rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Mitja Zastrow, German-born swimmer
  • 1980 – Anthony Ocaña, Dominican composer & guitarist
  • 1982 – Kate Michael, American beauty queen
  • 1982 – Erika Yamakawa, Japanese talent
  • 1983 – Manucho, Angolan footballer
  • 1984 – Mathieu Flamini, French footballer
  • 1984 – Dani Woodward, American Pornographic Star
  • 1985 – Thomas Erak, American guitarist
  • 1986 – Ben Griffin, Australian soccer player
  • 1989 – Gerald Anderson, Filipino actor and model
  • 1990 – Abigail and Brittany Hensel, American conjoined twins

March 7 – Deaths:

  • 322 BC – Aristotle, Greek philosopher (b. 384 BC)
  • 161 – Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor (b. 86)
  • 203 – Perpetua and Felicitas, Christian martyrs (perhaps after 209)
  • 308 – Saint Eubulus, Christian martyr
  • 851 – Nominoe, Duke of Brittany
  • 1226 – William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader
  • 1274 – Thomas Aquinas, Philosopher (b. 1225)
  • 1578 – Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (b. 1515)
  • 1625 – Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)
  • 1724 – Pope Innocent XIII (b. 1655)
  • 1767 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer (b. 1680)
  • 1778 – Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1720)
  • 1810 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (b. 1750)
  • 1904 – Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (b. 1828)
  • 1913 – Emily Pauline Johnson, Native Canadian poet
  • 1928 – Robert Abbe, American surgeon (b. 1851)
  • 1932 – Aristide Briand, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1938 – Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1876)
  • 1949 – Francis Dodd, English artist (b. 1874)
  • 1952 – Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (b. 1893)
  • 1954 – Otto Diels, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1957 – Wyndham Lewis, British author (b. 1882)
  • 1967 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion to Gertrude Stein (b. 1877)
  • 1974 – Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer and actor (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – Ben Blue, Canadian actor (b. 1901)
  • 1976 – Wright Patman, American politician (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Steve Bilko, American baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 1981 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (b. 1914)
  • 1983 – Igor Markevitch, Ukrainian conductor and composer (b. 1912)
  • 1984 – Paul Rotha, English director (b. 1907)
  • 1986 – Jacob Javits, American politician (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – Divine, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 1988 – Robert Livingston, American film actor (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Cool Papa Bell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Paul-Émile Victor, French explorer (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – E. H. Bronner, German-American soap magnate (b. 1908)
  • 1997 – Edward Mills Purcell, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Stanley Kubrick, American film director (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Charles Gray, British actor (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Pee Wee King, American country music songwriter and musician (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Frankie Carle, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1903)
  • 2004 – Paul Winfield, American actor (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – John Box, British film production designer and art director (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Debra Hill, American screenwriter and film producer (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Ali Farka Touré, Malian musician (b. 1939)
  • 2006 – Gordon Parks, photographer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – John Junkin, British performer (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Afzaal Mahmood, Burmese Ambassador for Pakistan.

March 7 – Holidays:

  • Albania — Teacher’s Day
  • Bali, Indonesia – Day of Silence (Nyepi)
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Catholicism — Feast day of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas, patron saint of married women.

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On This Day in History March 6

March 6 – Events:

  • 1079 – Omar Khayyám completes the Iranian calendar.
  • 1447 – Nicholas V becomes Pope.
  • 1454 – Thirteen Years’ War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1479 – Treaty of Alcaçovas – Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa.
  • 1521 – Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Guam.
  • 1788 – The First Fleet arrives at Norfolk Island in order to found a convict settlement.
  • 1820 – The Missouri Compromise is signed into law by President James Monroe. The compromise allows Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, but makes the rest of the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase territory slavery-free.
  • 1834 – York, Upper Canada is incorporated as Toronto.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo – After a thirteen day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 187 Texas volunteers defending the Alamo are defeated and the fort is captured.
  • 1853 – The Giuseppe Verdi opera La Traviata premieres in Venice.
  • 1856 – The University of Maryland, College Park is chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College.
  • 1857 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
  • 1869 – Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
  • 1899 – Bayer registers aspirin as a trademark.
  • 1900 – A coal mine explosion in West Virginia traps 50 coal miners.
  • 1901 – In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany.
  • 1902 – The Spanish football club Real Madrid is founded.
  • 1921 – The Portuguese Communist Party is founded as the Portuguese Section of the Communist International.
  • 1925 – Pionerskaya Pravda, one of the oldest children’s newspapers in Europe, is founded.
  • 1925 – Belgium annexes Eupen, Malmedy, and Sankt Vith.
  • 1927 – Fritz Lang’s Metropolis is released.
  • 1940 – Winter War: An armistice is signed by Finland and the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 – A communist-dominated government under Petru Groza assumes power in Romania.
  • 1946 – Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.
  • 1951 – The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins.
  • 1953 – Georgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov succeeds Josef Stalin as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1957 – United Kingdom colonies Gold Coast and British Togoland become the independent Republic of Ghana.
  • 1957 – Israel withdraws its troops from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1964 – Prophet Elijah Muhammad officially gives Cassius Clay the name Muhammad Ali meaning “beloved of Allah”.
  • 1964 – Constantine II becomes King of Greece.
  • 1964 – Tom O’Hara sets a new world record for the indoor mile run by completing it in 3 minutes, 56.4 seconds.
  • 1970 – Suspected murderer Charles Manson releases Lie: The Love & Terror Cult to help finance his defense.
  • 1975 – Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • 1981 – After 19 years presenting the CBS Evening News, Walter Cronkite signs off for the last time.
  • 1984 – Twelve-month-long strike in British coal industry begins.
  • 1987 – The British ferry MS Herald of Free Enterprise capsizes in about 90 seconds killing 193.
  • 1992 – The Michelangelo computer virus begins to affect computers.
  • 1992 – Founding of the Council of the Baltic Sea States.
  • 1994 – Referendum in Moldova results in the electorate voting against possible reunification with Romania.
  • 1997 – Picasso’s painting Tête de Femme is stolen from a London gallery, and is recovered a week later.

March 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1340 – John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (d. 1399)
  • 1405 – King John II of Castile (d. 1454)
  • 1459 – Jacob Fugger, German banker (d. 1525)
  • 1475 – Michelangelo, Italian artist (d. 1564)
  • 1483 – Francesco Guicciardini, Italian statesman and historian (d. 1540)
  • 1495 – Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (d. 1556)
  • 1619 – Cyrano de Bergerac, French soldier, poet (d. 1655)
  • 1663 – Francis Atterbury, British man of letters (d. 1732)
  • 1706 – George Pocock, British admiral (d. 1792)
  • 1716 – Pehr Kalm, Swedish explorer and naturalist (d. 1779)
  • 1761 – Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French General (d. 1828)
  • 1779 – Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (d. 1869)
  • 1787 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (d. 1826)
  • 1806 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet (d. 1861)
  • 1812 – Aaron Lufkin Dennison American watch manufacturer (d. 1895)
  • 1817 – Princess Clémentine of Orléans (d. 1907)
  • 1818 – William Claflin, 27th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
  • 1831 – Philip Sheridan, American Civil War Union cavalry officer (d. 1888)
  • 1834 – George du Maurier British illustrator and writer (d. 1896)
  • 1870 – Oscar Straus, Viennese operetta composer (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)
  • 1885 – Ring Lardner, American writer (d. 1933)
  • 1893 – Furry Lewis, American blues guitarist (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Lefty Grove, American Baseball Player (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Empress Kojun of Japan (d. 2000)
  • 1904 – Joseph Schmidt, Austrian tenor (d. 1942)
  • 1904 – José Antonio Aguirre, Basque politician (d. 1960)
  • 1905 – Bob Wills, American singer (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Lou Costello, American actor comedian (d. 1959)
  • 1914 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, 52nd Da’i al Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohras
  • 1915 – Pete Gray, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Will Eisner, American illustrator and cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Frankie Howerd, English comedian (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Ed McMahon, American television personality (d. 2009)
  • 1925 – Wes Montgomery, American musician (d. 1968)
  • 1926 – Alan Greenspan, American economist
  • 1926 – Andrzej Wajda, Polish film director
  • 1927 – Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Gordon Cooper, astronaut (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Norman Treigle, American bass-baritone (d. 1975)
  • 1930 – Lorin Maazel, French-born American conductor
  • 1931 – Hal Needham, American stuntman
  • 1933 – Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – John Noakes, British television presenter
  • 1935 – Ron Delany, Irish athlete
  • 1936 – Bob Akin, American industrialist and race car driver (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Marion Barry Jr., American politician
  • 1936 – Jean Boht, English actress
  • 1937 – Ivan Boesky, American stock trader
  • 1937 – Valentina Tereshkova, cosmonaut
  • 1939 – Adam Osborne, British author and computer designer (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Infanta Margarita of Spain, duchess of Soria
  • 1939 – Cookie Rojas, baseball player
  • 1940 – Joanna Miles, American actress
  • 1940 – Willie Stargell, baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1942 – Ben Murphy, American actor
  • 1944 – Kiri Te Kanawa, New Zealand singer
  • 1944 – Mary Wilson, American singer (Supremes)
  • 1946 – David Gilmour, British musician (Pink Floyd)
  • 1947 – Kiki Dee, British singer
  • 1947 – Dick Fosbury, American athlete
  • 1947 – Martin Kove, American actor
  • 1947 – Teru Miyamoto, Japanese author
  • 1947 – Rob Reiner, American actor, comedian, and film producer
  • 1948 – Anna Maria Horsford, American actress
  • 1949 – Shaukat Aziz, Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1949 – Martin Buchan, Scottish footballer
  • 1951 – Gerrie Knetemann, Dutch cyclist (d. 2004)
  • 1953 – Jan Kjærstad, Norwegian author
  • 1953 – Jacklyn Zeman, American actress
  • 1955 – Alberta Watson, Canadian actress
  • 1958 – Eddie Deezen, American actor
  • 1959 – Saul Anuzis, American politician
  • 1959 – Tom Arnold, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Valerie French, American animatronics art director
  • 1963 – D.L. Hughley, American comedian and actor
  • 1964 – Skip Ewing, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1964 – Madonna Wayne Gacy, American musician
  • 1966 – Alan Davies, British comedian and actor
  • 1967 – Connie Britton, American actress
  • 1967 – Julio Bocca, Argentinean Ballet Dancer
  • 1968 – Moira Kelly, American actress
  • 1968 – Michael Romeo, American musician (Symphony X)
  • 1969 – Andrea Elson, American actress
  • 1969 – Tari Phillips, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Amy Pietz, American actress
  • 1969 – Greg Scott, British TV personality
  • 1970 – Shane Brolly, British actor
  • 1971 – Sean Morley, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Darrick Martin, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Terry Murphy, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1972 – Shaquille O’Neal, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Michael Finley, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Sebastian Siegel, British-American actor
  • 1975 – Aracely Arambula, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1976 – Ken Anderson, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Giorgos Karagounis, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Marcus Thames, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Sage Rosenfels, American Football Player
  • 1979 – Tim Howard, American soccer player
  • 1979 – David Flair, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Erik Bedard, Canadian baseball player
  • 1979 – Ryan Nyquist, American BMX rider
  • 1980 – Ross Mawhinney, British-born Italian radio DJ
  • 1981 – Ellen Muth, American actress
  • 1983 – Andranik Teymourian, Iranian footballer
  • 1984 – Becky, Japanese-British entertainer
  • 1985 – Albert Reed, American model
  • 1986 – Eli Marienthal, American actor
  • 1987 – Hannah Taylor-Gordon, English actress
  • 1992 – Momoko Tsugunaga, Japanese singer
  • 1996 – Savanah Stehlin, American actress

March 6 – Deaths:

  • 766 – Chrodegang of Metz, Frankish bishop of Metz
  • 1252 – Saint Rose of Viterbo, Italian saint (b. 1235)
  • 1490 – Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (b. 1458)
  • 1531 – Pedrarias Dávila, Spanish conquistador
  • 1627 – Krzysztof Zbaraski, Polish statesman (b. 1580)
  • 1754 – Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1694)
  • 1758 – Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington, English politician (b. 1705)
  • 1764 – Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1690)
  • 1796 – Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (b. 1713)
  • 1836 – Davy Crockett, American frontiersman (b. 1786)
  • 1836 – William Barret Travis, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1809)
  • 1836 – James Butler Bonham, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1807)
  • 1836 – Jim Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (b. 1796)
  • 1842 – Constanze Mozart, wife of W.A. Mozart (b. 1763)
  • 1854 – Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, British soldier and politician (b. 1778)
  • 1860 – Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (b. 1783)
  • 1866 – William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher, and historian of science (b. 1794)
  • 1881 – Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)
  • 1888 – Louisa May Alcott, American novelist (b. 1832)
  • 1895 – Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (b. 1813)
  • 1899 – Victoria Kaiulani, Hawaiian princess (b. 1875)
  • 1900 – Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and industrialist (b. 1834)
  • 1905 – John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician (b. 1818)
  • 1932 – John Philip Sousa, American band leader, conductor, and composer (b. 1854)
  • 1933 – Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1873)
  • 1935 – Fridolf Rhudin Swedish actor and comedian (b. 1895)
  • 1939 – Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (b. 1852)
  • 1941 – Gutzon Borglum, Danish sculptor (b. 1867)
  • 1948 – Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (b. 1914)
  • 1950 – Albert Lebrun, President of France (b. 1871)
  • 1951 – Ivor Novello, Welsh actor, musician, and composer (b. 1893)
  • 1951 – Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman (b. 1880)
  • 1952 – Jürgen Stroop, Nazi SS-leader (executed) (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – George Formby, British comedian and singer (b. 1904)
  • 1964 – King Paul of Greece (b. 1901)
  • 1965 – Margaret Dumont, American actress (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – John Haden Badley, English author and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1967 – Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (b. 1901)
  • 1967 – Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Nadya Rusheva, Russian painter (b. 1952)
  • 1970 – William Hopper, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1971 – Thurston Dart, English harpsichordist and conductor (b. 1921)
  • 1973 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Max ‘Slapsie Maxie’ Rosenbloom, American boxer and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – George Geary, English cricketer (b. 1893)
  • 1982 – Ayn Rand, Russian-American author (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Henry Wilcoxon, Dominican actor (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Georgia O’Keeffe, American artist (b. 1887)
  • 1988 – Vol. Mairéad Farrell, Vol. Seán Savage and Vol. Daniel McCann killed within minutes of each other; Irish Republicans.
  • 1994 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress, political activist, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Michael Manley, Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Frank Barrett, American baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifah, emir of Bahrain (b. 1933)
  • 1999 – Dennis Viollet, former footballer (b. 1933)
  • 2000 – John Colicos, Canadian actor (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Kim Walker, American actress (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Bryan Fogarty, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – John Sanford, American author (b. 1904)
  • 2004 – Frances Dee, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Ray Fernandez, American professional wrestler (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Hans Bethe, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Tommy Vance, British radio disc jockey (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Danny Gardella, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Teresa Wright, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – King Floyd, American musician (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Dana Reeve, American actress, wife of Christopher Reeve (b. 1961)
  • 2007 – Jean Baudrillard, French cultural theorist, philosopher, political commentator and photographer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Allen Coage (aka “Bad News Brown”, “Bad News Allen”), American professional wrestler and judoka (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (b. 1909)
  • 2008 – Peter Poreku Cardinal Dery Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Tamale, Ghana

March 6 – Holidays:

  • Ghana – Independence Day (from Britain, 1957)
  • Alamo Day in Texas
  • Saint Chrodegang
  • Saint Fridolin
  • Saint Colette aka Saint Coleta of Ghent
  • Saint Olegarius

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On This Day in History March 5

March 5 – Events:

  • 363 – Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death.
  • 1046 – Naser Khosrow begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.
  • 1496 – England King Henry VII issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorizing them to explore unknown lands.
  • 1689 – Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham is named Secretary of State for the Northern Department.
  • 1766 – Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.
  • 1770 – Boston Massacre: Five Americans are killed by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War five years later.
  • 1784 – Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney is named President of the Board of Trade.
  • 1793 – French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
  • 1824 – First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.
  • 1836 – Samuel Colt makes the first production-model revolver, the .34-caliber.
  • 1842 – Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
  • 1848 – Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
  • 1850 – The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.
  • 1860 – Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.
  • 1861 – The “Stars and Bars” is adopted as the flag of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1868 – A court of impeachment is organized in the United States Senate to hear charges against President Andrew Johnson.
  • 1868 – Mefistofele, an opera by Arrigo Boito premieres at La Scala.
  • 1872 – George Westinghouse patents the air brake.
  • 1894 – Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery becomes First Lord of the Treasury.
  • 1904 – Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.
  • 1905 – Russian troops begin to retreat from Mukden, Manchuria after losing 100,000 troops in three days.
  • 1907 – The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops.
  • 1912 – Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • 1915 – World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.
  • 1916 – The Spanish football club, the Real Club Deportivo Mallorca is founded.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a “bank holiday,” closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions.
  • 1933 – In Germany, the Nazis win 44 percent of the vote in parliamentary elections.
  • 1936 – First flight of the Supermarine Spitfire fighter aircraft.
  • 1940 – Members of Soviet politburo sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, known also as the Katyn massacre.
  • 1943 – First flight of Gloster Meteor jet aircraft in the United Kingdom.
  • 1945 – World War II: The “Battle of the Ruhr” begins.
  • 1946 – Winston Churchill uses the phrase “Iron Curtain” in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri.
  • 1946 – Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
  • 1949 – The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
  • 1958 – The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is established.
  • 1958 – Explorer 2 spacecraft launches and fails to reach Earth orbit.
  • 1960 – The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
  • 1964 – Ceylon declares emergency crisis due to unrest.
  • 1965 – March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
  • 1966 – BOAC Flight 911 crashes on Mount Fuji, Japan, killing 124.
  • 1966 – In Luxembourg, Udo Jürgens wins the eleventh Eurovision Song Contest for Austria.
  • 1968 – The U.S. launches Solar Explorer B, (aka Explorer 37) from the Wallops Island to study the Sun.
  • 1970 – The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations.
  • 1970 – Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.
  • 1973 – Donald DeFreeze, the future Symbionese Liberation Army leader, escapes from Vacaville Prison.
  • 1974 – Yom Kippur War: Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal.
  • 1976 – The British pound falls below $2 USD for the first time.
  • 1978 – The Landsat 3 is launched from Vandenberg AFB in California.
  • 1979 – Detection equipment picks up a gamma ray burst originating from the Large Magellanic Cloud, leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters.
  • 1979 – Voyager 1′s closest approach to Jupiter, 172,000 miles.
  • 1979 – Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49.
  • 1982 – Venera 14, a Soviet satellite arrives at the planet Venus.
  • 1988 – Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised.
  • 1991 – Iraq releases all Gulf War prisoners.
  • 1998 – NASA announces that the Clementine probe orbiting the Moon has found enough water to support a human colony.
  • 1999 – Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut.

March 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1133 – King Henry II of England (d. 1189)
  • 1324 – King David II of Scotland (d. 1371)
  • 1512 – Gerardus Mercator, Flemish cartographer (d. 1594)
  • 1563 – John Coke, English politician (d. 1644)
  • 1575 – William Oughtred, English mathematician (d. 1660)
  • 1585 – John George I, Elector of Saxony (d. 1656)
  • 1658 – Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (d. 1730)
  • 1693 – Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (d. 1754)
  • 1696 – Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Italian painter (d. 1770)
  • 1703 (N.S.) – Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky, Russian poet (d. 1768)
  • 1723 – Princess Mary of Great Britain (d. 1773)
  • 1739 – Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (d. 1819)
  • 1748 – Jonas C. Dryander, Swedish botanist (d. 1810)
  • 1748 – William Shield, English musician (d. 1829)
  • 1750 – Jean-Baptiste Gaspard d’Ansse de Villoison, French classical scholar (d. 1805)
  • 1794 – Jacques Babinet, French physicist (d. 1872)
  • 1794 – Robert Cooper Grier, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1870)
  • 1814 – Wilhelm von Giesebrecht, German historian (d. 1889)
  • 1815 – John Wentworth, American politician (d. 1888)
  • 1817 – Austen Henry Layard, English archaeologist (d. 1894)
  • 1836 – Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929)
  • 1853 – Howard Pyle, American author and illustrator (d. 1911)
  • 1867 – Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, Premier of Quebec (d. 1952)
  • 1869 – Michael von Faulhaber, German cardinal and archbishop (d. 1952)
  • 1870 – Frank Norris, American writer (d. 1902)
  • 1871 – Rosa Luxemburg, Socialist revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1873 – Olav Bjaaland, Norwegian explorer and cross-country skier (d. 1961)
  • 1874 – Henry Travers, British actor (d. 1965)
  • 1879 – Sir William Beveridge, British economist (d. 1963)
  • 1883 – Marius Barbeau, French Canadian ethnographer and folklorist (b. 1969)
  • 1886 – Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer (d. 1959)
  • 1897 – Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (d. 1960)
  • 1898 – Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People’s Republic of China (d. 1976)
  • 1898 – Soong May-ling, Chinese wife of Chiang Kai-Shek (d. 2003)
  • 1904 – Karl Rahner, German theologian (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Irving Fiske, American writer, playwright, (d. 1990)
  • 1908 – Sir Rex Harrison, English actor (d. 1990)
  • 1914 – Philip Farkas, American horn player and teacher (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Laurent Schwartz, French mathematician (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Milt Schmidt, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and manager
  • 1918 – Red Storey, Canadian football player and ice hockey referee (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • 1920 – Virginia Christine, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Elmer Valo, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – James Noble, American actor
  • 1922 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian writer and film director (d. 1975)
  • 1923 – Laurence Tisch, American investor
  • 1927 – Jack Cassidy, American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1929 – Erik Carlsson, Swedish rally driver
  • 1930 – Del Crandall, American baseball player
  • 1931 – Fred Othon Aristidès, French comics artist
  • 1931 – Barry Tuckwell, Australian horn virtuoso
  • 1933 – Tommy Tucker, American blues singer and pianist (d. 1982)
  • 1934 – Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 – James B. Sikking, American actor
  • 1936 – Canaan Banana, first President of Zimbabwe (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Dean Stockwell, American actor
  • 1938 – Paul Evans, American singer and songwriter
  • 1938 – Fred Williamson, American football player and actor
  • 1939 – Samantha Eggar, English actress
  • 1939 – Peter Woodcock, Canadian serial killer
  • 1939 – Pierre Wynants, Belgian chef
  • 1940 – Malcolm Hebden, English actor
  • 1942 – Felipe González, Prime Minister of Spain
  • 1942 – Mike Resnick, American science fiction author
  • 1943 – Billy Backus, American boxer
  • 1944 – Lucio Battisti, Italian singer (d. 1998)
  • 1944 – Roy Gutman, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner
  • 1946 – Murray Head, British actor and singer
  • 1946 – Richard Bell, Canadian musician (The Band)
  • 1947 – Eddie Hodges, American actor and singer
  • 1947 – Clodagh Rodgers, Irish singer
  • 1947 – Kent Tekulve, American baseball player
  • 1948 – Eddy Grant, Guyana-born singer
  • 1948 – Richard Hickox, English musical conductor
  • 1948 – Elaine Paige, English singer and actress
  • 1948 – Paquirri, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1984)
  • 1949 – Franz Josef Jung, Commander-in-chief of the German Bundeswehr
  • 1951 – Giorgos Ninios, Greek actor
  • 1952 – Alan Clark, English keyboardist (Dire Straits)
  • 1954 – Marsha Warfield, American actress, comedienne
  • 1955 – Penn Jillette, American magician and comedian
  • 1956 – Adriana Barraza, Mexican actress
  • 1956 – Teena Marie, American singer
  • 1957 – Mark E. Smith, English singer (The Fall)
  • 1958 – Andy Gibb, English-born Australian singer and teen idol (d. 1988)
  • 1959 – Vazgen Sargsyan, Armenian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1959 – David Fury, American television writer and producer
  • 1960 – David Tibet, English musician (Current 93)
  • 1962 – Jonathan Penner, American reality show contestant
  • 1962 – Charlie and Craig Reid, Scottish musicians (The Proclaimers)
  • 1966 – Michael Irvin, American football player
  • 1966 – Bob Halkidis, Canadian hockey player
  • 1966 – Aasif Mandvi, Indian-born American actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Paul Blackthorne, British actor
  • 1969 – Moussa Saïb, former Algerian footballer
  • 1969 – MC Solaar, French rapper
  • 1970 – John Frusciante, American musician (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1970 – Lisa Robin Kelly, American actress
  • 1971 – Jeffrey Hammonds, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Evil Jared Hasselhoff, American musician (Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1971 – Yuri Lowenthal, American actor/author/painter
  • 1972 – Luca Turilli, Italian musician (Rhapsody)
  • 1973 – Yannis Anastasiou, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Ryan Franklin, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Kevin Connolly, American television actor and comedian
  • 1974 – Jens Jeremies, German footballer
  • 1974 – Matt Lucas, English comedian
  • 1974 – Eva Mendes, American actress
  • 1975 – Jolene Blalock, American actress
  • 1975 – Sasho Petrovski, Australian soccer player
  • 1975 – Niki Taylor, American model
  • 1975 – Luciano Burti, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1976 – Šarunas Jasikevicius, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1976 – Paul Konerko, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Katerina Matziou, Greek actress
  • 1977 – Bryan Berard, American ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Mike MacDougal, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Wally Szczerbiak, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Mike Hessman, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kimberly McCullough, American actress
  • 1979 – Tang Gonghong, Chinese weightlifter
  • 1981 – Andreas Wiig, Norwegian snowboarder
  • 1981 – Paul Martin, American ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Shugo Oshinari, Japanese actor
  • 1982 – Daniel Carter, New Zealand Rugby player
  • 1982 – Giorgia Palmas, Italian television personality and model
  • 1985 – Ken’ichi Matsuyama, Japanese actor
  • 1985 – Whitney Port, Cast member of The Hills TV series
  • 1986 – Matty Fryatt, English footballer
  • 1987 – Anna Chakvetadze, Russian tennis player
  • 1988 – Trevor Carson, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1988 – Bjarni Viðarsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1989 – Jake Lloyd, American actor

March 5 – Deaths:

  • 1534 – Antonio da Correggio, Italian painter (b. 1489)
  • 1539 – Nuno da Cunha, Portuguese governor in India (b. 1487)
  • 1592 – Michael Coxcie, Flemish painter (b. 1499)
  • 1611 – Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1533)
  • 1622 – Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma (b. 1569)
  • 1695 – Henry Wharton, English writer (b. 1664)
  • 1726 – Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull, English politician
  • 1776 – Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1694)
  • 1778 – Thomas Arne, English composer (b. 1710)
  • 1815 – Franz Mesmer, Austrian developer of hypnotism (b. 1734)
  • 1827 – Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician (b. 1749)
  • 1827 – Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist (b. 1745)
  • 1829 – John Adams, last surviving HMS Bounty mutineer (b. 1766)
  • 1849 – David Scott, Scottish painter (b. 1806)
  • 1876 – Marie d’Agoult, German-born writer (b. 1805)
  • 1893 – Hippolyte Taine, French historian (b. 1828
  • 1895 – Nikolai Leskov, Russian writer (b. 1831)
  • 1895 – Henry Rawlinson, British soldier and scholar (b. 1810)
  • 1903 – George Francis Robert Henderson, British soldier (b. 1854)
  • 1907 – Friedrich Blass, German classical scholar (b. 1843)
  • 1925 – Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (b. 1859)
  • 1926 – Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (b. 1841)
  • 1927 – Franz Mertens, German mathematician (b. 1840)
  • 1929 – David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-born American automobile pioneer (b. 1854)
  • 1931 – Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted and imprisoned for ritualist activities (b. 1839)
  • 1940 – Cai Yuanpei, Chinese educator (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Max Jacob, French poet and writer (b. 1876)
  • 1945 – Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)
  • 1947 – Alfredo Casella, Italian composer (b. 1883)
  • 1953 – Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer, (b. 1891)
  • 1953 – Joseph Stalin, Georgian leader of the Soviet Union (b. 1879)
  • 1953 – Herman J. Mankiewicz, American screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1955 – Antanas Merkys, President of Lithuania (b. 1888)
  • 1963 – Patsy Cline, American singer (b. 1932)
  • 1963 – Cowboy Copas, American singer (b. 1913)
  • 1963 – Hawkshaw Hawkins, American singer (b. 1921)
  • 1965 – Chen Cheng, Chinese politician (b. 1897)
  • 1965 – Pepper Martin, American baseball player (b. 1904)
  • 1966 – Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – Georges Vanier, Governor General of Canada (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Michael Jeffery, British music manager (b. 1933)
  • 1974 – Billy De Wolfe, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1974 – Sol Hurok, Russian-born impresario (b. 1888)
  • 1977 – Tom Pryce, Welsh Formula One driver (b. 1949)
  • 1980 – Jay Silverheels, Canadian actor (b. 1912)
  • 1980 – Winifred Wagner, German opera producer (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Yip Harburg, American lyricist (b. 1896)
  • 1982 – John Belushi, American actor (b. 1949)
  • 1984 – Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (b. 1915)
  • 1984 – William Powell, American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1988 – Alberto Olmedo, Argentine comedian (b. 1933)
  • 1990 – Gary Merrill, American film actor (b. 1915)
  • 1993 – Cyril Collard, French author and filmmaker (b. 1957)
  • 1995 – Vivian Stanshall, English musician (Bonzo Dog Band) (b. 1943)
  • 1995 – Gregg Hansford, Australian motorcycle and touring car racer (b. 1952)
  • 1996 – Whit Bissell, American actor (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Samm Sinclair Baker, American diet author (b. 1909)
  • 1999 – Richard Kiley, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Lolo Ferrari, French actress (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Walt Gorney, American actor (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Richard Kuklinski, American Mafia hit man (b. 1935)
  • 2008 – Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American professor of computer science (b.1923)

March 5 – Holidays:

  • St Piran’s Day – Cornwall’s national day
  • Saint Adrian (died 308)
  • Feast of St. Ciarán Saighir, patron of the Diocese of Ossory, in Irish calendar
  • Saint Theophile (d. 195)
  • Saint Gerarda
  • Saint Olivia (d. 308)

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On This Day in History March 4

March 4 – Events:

  • 51 – Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth).
  • 303 or 304 – Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia.
  • 852 – Croatian Duke Trpimir I issued a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources.
  • 932 – Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Prince of the Czechs.
  • 1152 – Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of the Germans.
  • 1215 – King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III.
  • 1238 – The Battle of the SitRiver was fought in the northern part of the present-day Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal during the Mongol invasion of Russia.
  • 1275 – Chinese astronomers observe a total eclipse of the sun.
  • 1351 – Ramathibodi becomes King of Siam.
  • 1386 – Wladyslaw II Jagiello (Jogaila) was crowned King of Poland.
  • 1461 – Wars of the Roses in England: Lancastrian King Henry VI is deposed by his Yorkist cousin, who then becomes King Edward IV.
  • 1492 – King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.
  • 1493 – Explorer Christopher Columbus arrives back in Lisbon, Portugal aboard his ship Niña from his discovery voyage to America. He returned to Spain on March 15.
  • 1519 – Hernan Cortes arrives in Mexico in search of the Aztec civilization and their wealth.
  • 1570 – King Philip II of Spain bans foreign Dutch students.
  • 1611 – George Abbot is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 1621 – Jakarta, Java is renamed Batavia.
  • 1629 – Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter.
  • 1634 – Samuel Cole opens the first tavern in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1665 – English King Charles II declares war on The Netherlands which marked the start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
  • 1675 – John Flamsteed appointed first Astronomer Royal of England.
  • 1681 – Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania.
  • 1774 – First sighting of Orion Nebula by William Herschel.
  • 1776 – The American War of Independence: The Americans capture “DorchesterHeights” dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1778 – The Continental Congress voted to ratify both the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance with France. The two treaties were the first entered into by the United States government.
  • 1789 – In New York City, the first United States Congress meets, putting the Constitution of the United States into effect.
  • 1790 – France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
  • 1791 – Vermont is admitted as the 14th U.S. state.
  • 1791 – A Constitutional Act is introduced by the British House of Commons in London which envisages the separation of Canada into Lower Canada (Quebec) and Upper Canada (Ontario).
  • 1793 – French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands.
  • 1794 – The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1797 – In the first ever peaceful transfer of power between elected leaders in modern times, John Adams is sworn in as President of the United States, succeeding George Washington.
  • 1804 – The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland’s Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony’s only significant convict uprising.
  • 1813 – Russian troops fighting the army of Napoleon reach Berlin in Germany and the French garrison evacuate the city without a fight.
  • 1814 – Americans defeat the British at the Battle of Longwoods between London and Thamesville near present-day Wardsville, Ontario.
  • 1824 – The “National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck” was founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.
  • 1837 – Chicago becomes incorporated as a city.
  • 1848 – Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d’Italia
  • 1861 – First national flag of the Confederate States of America (the ‘Stars and Bars’) adopted.
  • 1865 – Third (and last) national flag of the Confederate States of America adopted.
  • 1877 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s ballet Swan Lake premiers at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow.
  • 1882 – Britain’s first electric trams run in East London.
  • 1887 – Gottlieb Daimler unveils his first automobile which he test runs in Esslingen and Cannstatt, Germany.
  • 1890 – The longest bridge in the United Kingdom, the ForthBridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
  • 1893 – Congo Free State: The army of Francis, Baron Dhanis attacks the Lualaba, enabling him to transport his troops across the Upper Congo and, capture Nyangwe almost without an effort.
  • 1894 – Great fire in Shanghai. Over 1,000 buildings are destroyed.
  • 1899 – Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 m wave that  reaches up to 5 km inland – over 300 dead.
  • 1902 – In Chicago, the American Automobile Association is established.
  • 1904 – Russo-Japanese War: Russian troops in Korea retreat toward Manchuria followed by 100,000 Japanese troops.
  • 1908 – The Collinwood School Fire, Collinwood near Cleveland, Ohio, kills 174 people.
  • 1911 – Victor Berger (Wisconsin) becomes the first socialist congressman in U.S.
  • 1917 – Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first female member of the United States House of Representatives.
  • 1917 – Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia’s renunciation of the throne is made public, and Tsar Nicholas II of Russia publicly issues his abdication manifesto. The victory of the February Revolution.
  • 1925 – Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to have his inauguration broadcast on radio.
  • 1929 – Charles Curtis becomes the first native-American Vice President.
  • 1930 – Floods ransack Languedoc and the surrounds in south-west France, resulting in twelve departments being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people.
  • 1931 – The British Viceroy of India, Governor-General Edward Frederick Lindley Wood and Mohandas Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) meet to sign an agreement envisaging the release of political prisoners and allowing that salt is freely used by the poorest layers of the population.
  • 1933 – Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, first female member of the United States Cabinet.
  • 1933 – Bertha Wilson is appointed as first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada.
  • 1933 – The Parliament of Austria is suspended because of a quibble over procedure – Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss initiates authoritarian rule by decree (see Austrofascism).
  • 1941 – The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the LofotenIslands, during World War II.
  • 1941 – Adolf Hitler applies pressure on Yugoslavia to join the Tripartite Pact.
  • 1944 – First U.S. daylight bombing of Berlin and Anti-Germany strikes in northern Italy.
  • 1945 – In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Army as a driver.
  • 1945 – Lapland War: Finland declares war on Nazi Germany.
  • 1954 – Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
  • 1957 – The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.
  • 1959 – U.S. Pioneer 4 misses Moon and becomes the second (U.S. first) artificial planet.
  • 1960 – French freighter ‘La Coubre’ explodes in Havana, Cuba killing 100. Fidel Castro blames the U.S.
  • 1962 – United States Atomic Energy Commission announces that the first atomic power plant at McMurdo Station in Antarctica is in operation.
  • 1966 – Canadian Pacific Air Lines DC-8-43 explodes on landing at TokyoInternationalAirport, killing 64 people.
  • 1970 – French submarine Eurydice explodes.
  • 1972 – Libya and the Soviet Union sign a cooperation treaty.
  • 1976 – The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention is formally dissolved in Northern Ireland resulting in direct rule of Northern Ireland from London via the British parliament.
  • 1977 – The 1977 Bucharest Earthquake in southern and eastern Europe kills more than 1,500.
  • 1977 – The first Cray-1 supercomputer is shipped to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico.
  • 1979 – The first encyclical written by Pope John Paul II, Redemptor Hominis (Latin for “The Redeemer of Man”) is promulgated less than five months after his installation as pope.
  • 1980 – Nationalist leader Robert Mugabe wins a sweeping election victory to become Zimbabwe’s first black prime minister.
  • 1982 – NASA launches “Intelsat V”.
  • 1985 – The Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS, used since then for screening all blood donations in the United States.
  • 1991 – Sheikh Saad Al-Abdallah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, the Prime Minister of Kuwait, returned to his country for the first time since Iraq’s invasion.
  • 1994 – Space shuttle STS-62 (Columbia 16) launches into orbit.
  • 1994 – Bosnia’s Croats and Moslems sign an agreement to form a federation in a loose economic union with Croatia.
  • 1997 – US President Bill Clinton bans federally funded human cloning research.
  • 1998 – Gay rights: Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex.
  • 2001 – 4 March 2001 BBC bombing: a massive car bomb explodes in front of the BBC Television Centre in London, seriously injuring 11 people. The attack was attributed to the Real IRA.
  • 2001 – Hintze Ribeiro disaster, a bridge collapses in northern Portugal, killing up to 70 people.
  • 2002 – Canada bans human embryo cloning but permits government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from fertility treatment or abortions.

March 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1188 – Blanche of Castile, wife of Louis VIII of France (d. 1252)
  • 1394 – Henry the Navigator (d. 1460)
  • 1492 – Francesco de Layolle, Italian composer (d. c.1540)
  • 1525 – Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Italian composer of Renaissance music (d. 1594)
  • 1610 – William Dobson, English portraitist and painter (d. 1646)
  • 1651 – John Somers, 1st Baron Somers (d. 1716)
  • 1665 – Philip Christoph von Königsmarck, Swedish soldier (d. 1694)
  • 1678 – Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer (d. 1741)
  • 1702 – Jack Sheppard, English burglar and escapee (d. 1724)
  • 1706 – Lauritz de Thurah, Danish architect and architectural writer (d. 1759)
  • 1715 – James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave, British statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1719 – George Pigot, Baron Pigot, British governor of Madras (d. 1777)
  • 1745 – Charles Dibdin, English composer (d.1814)
  • 1746 – Kazimierz Pulaski, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1779)
  • 1756 – Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (d. 1823)
  • 1781 – Rebecca Gratz, American educator and philanthropist (d. 1869)
  • 1782 – Johann Rudolf Wyss, Swiss folklorist (d. 1830)
  • 1792 – Samuel Slocum, American inventor (d. 1861)
  • 1793 – Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)
  • 1817 – Edwards Pierrepont, American statesman, jurist and lawyer; 34th United States Attorney General (d. 1892)
  • 1819 – Charles Oberthur, German-born harpist (d. 1895)
  • 1820 – Francesco Bentivegna, Italian revolutionary (d. 1856)
  • 1822 – Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
  • 1826 – John Buford, American Civil War Union cavalry officer (d. 1863)
  • 1826 – Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (d. 1863)
  • 1835 – John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (d. 1911)
  • 1847 – Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1854 – Sir Napier Shaw, British meteorologist (d. 1945)
  • 1856 – Toru Dutt, English and French poet and author (d. 1877)
  • 1856 – Alfred William Rich, English painter (d. 1921)
  • 1859 – Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1905)
  • 1862 – Jacob Robert Emden, Swiss astrophysicist and meteorologist (d. 1940)
  • 1863 – Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • 1863 – Guillame Furrét, Portuguese playwright and political activist (d. 1937)
  • 1863 – John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • 1864 – David W. Taylor, U.S. Navy architect (d. 1940)
  • 1870 – Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (d. 1944)
  • 1871 – Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1873 – Guy Wetmore Carryl, American humorist and poet (d. 1904)
  • 1873 – John H. Trumbull, 54th Governor of the U.S. state of Connecticut (d. 1961)
  • 1875 – Mihály Károlyi, former Prime Minister of Hungary and President of Hungary (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (d. 1947)
  • 1876 – Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician’s Guild (d. 1945)
  • 1877 – Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike, Russian composer (d. 1957)
  • 1877 – Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • 1877 – Garrett Morgan, American inventor (d. 1963)
  • 1878 – Egbert Van Alstyne, American songwriter and pianist (d. 1951)
  • 1878 – Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)
  • 1878 – Arishima Takeo, Japanese novelist, short-story writer and essayist (d. 1923)
  • 1879 – Josip Murn Aleksandrov, Slovenian poet (d. 1901)
  • 1880 – Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1881 – Todor Aleksandrov, 19th century Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • 1881 – Maude Fealy, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1881 – Thomas Sigismund Stribling, American writer (d. 1965)
  • 1881 – Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (d. 1948)
  • 1882 – Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, and former President of the League of Nations (d. 1941)
  • 1883 – Sam Langford, Canadian boxer (d. 1956)
  • 1884 – Red Murray, American professional baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1886 – Paul Bazelaire, French cellist (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Violet MacMillan, American Broadway theatre actress (d. 1953)
  • 1888 – Jeff Pfeffer, American professional baseball pitcher (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Knute Rockne, American football player and coach (d. 1931)
  • 1889 – Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1889 – Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai’i (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Pearl White, American actress (d. 1938)
  • 1891 – Dazzy Vance, American Major League Baseball pitcher (d. 1961)
  • 1891 – Lois Wilson, founder of Al-Anon (d. 1988)
  • 1895 – Bjarne Brustad, Norwegian violinist (d. 1978)
  • 1895 – Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator (d. 1953)
  • 1895 – Shemp Howard, American comedian (Three Stooges) (d. 1955)
  • 1897 – Lefty O’Doul, American baseball player (d. 1969)
  • 1898 – Georges Dumézil, French philologist (d. 1940)
  • 1899 – Emilio Prados, Spanish poet and editor (d. 1962)
  • 1900 – Herbert Biberman, American screenwriter (d. 1971)
  • 1901 – Charles Goren, American bridge player and writer (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Jean Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy/French poet (d. 1937)
  • 1903 – Luis Carrero Blanco, Spanish statesman (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
  • 1903 – Dorothy Mackaill, British-born actress (d. 1990)
  • 1903 – John Scarne, American magician (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – George Gamow, Ukrainian-born physicist (d. 1968)
  • 1904 – Joseph Schmidt Austrian-Hungarian tenor and actor (d. 1942)
  • 1904 – Chief Tahachee, American-born Old Settler Cherokee Indian stage and film actor (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Meindert DeJong American author (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Georges Ronsse, Belgian national cyclo-cross and world champion road bicycle racer (d. 1969)
  • 1906 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, Jr., American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – Eleanor “Sis” Daley, wife of Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – T.R.M. Howard, American civil rights leader (d. 1976)
  • 1909 – Harry Helmsley, American real estate entrepreneur (d.1997)
  • 1912 – Afro Basaldella, Italian painter (d. 1976)
  • 1912 – Judith Furse, British character actress (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Carl Marzani, American documentarian (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Taos Amrouche, Algerian writer and singer (d. 1976)
  • 1913 – John Garfield, American actor (d. 1952)
  • 1913 – Willie Johnson (guitarist), American guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Gino Colaussi (Luigi Colaussi), Italian footballer (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Ward Kimball, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Robert R. Wilson, American physicist, sculptor and architect (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Carlos Surinach, Spanish composer (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – William Alland, American actor, producer, writer and director (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Hans Eysenck, German-born psychologist (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Clyde McCullough, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Margaret Osborne duPont, American tennis player
  • 1919 – Buck Baker, American racecar driver (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Jean Lecanuet, French politician (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Alan MacNaughtan, Scottish actor (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Halim El-Dabh, Egyptian-born composer
  • 1921 – Joan Greenwood, English actress (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Wilson Harris, Guyanese writer
  • 1921 – Dinny Pails, Australian tennis player
  • 1922 – Richard E. Cunha, American cinematographer and film director (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Martha O’Driscoll, American film actress (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Dina Pathak (Deena Pathak), Veteran Gujarati theatre and film actress (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Sir Patrick Moore, British astronomer
  • 1924 – Kenneth O’Donnell, aide to US President John F. Kennedy (d. 1977)
  • 1925 – Paul Mauriat, French musician (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Richard DeVos, American billionaire, co-founder of Amway
  • 1926 – James J. Eagan, Former Mayor of Florissant, Missouri (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Pascual Pérez (boxing), Argentine flyweight boxer (d. 1977)
  • 1926 – Don Rendell, English jazz musician and arranger
  • 1926 – Fran Warren, American singer
  • 1927 – Philip Batt, 29th Governor of the U.S. state of Idaho
  • 1927 – Thayer David, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1927 – Robert Orben, American magician
  • 1927 – Dick Savitt, American tennis player
  • 1927 – Cy Touff, American jazz musician (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Samuel Adler, American composer
  • 1928 – Alan Sillitoe, English writer
  • 1929 – Bernard Haitink, Dutch conductor
  • 1929 – Josep Mestres Quadreny, Catalan composer
  • 1931 – Wally Bruner, American journalist and television host (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Bob Johnson, American ice hockey coach (d. 1991)
  • 1931 – William Henry Keeler, American Roman Catholic Archbishop and Cardinal
  • 1931 – Alice Rivlin, American economist
  • 1932 – Ryszard Kapuscinski, Polish journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Miriam Makeba, South African singer
  • 1932 – Ed “Big Daddy” Roth, American car designer (d. 2001)
  • 1932 – Frank Wells, American entertainment businessman (d. 1994)
  • 1933 – Ann Burton, Dutch jazz singer (d. 1989)
  • 1933 – John W Mills, British sculptor
  • 1933 – Nino Vaccarella, former Italian sports car racing and Formula One driver
  • 1934 – Mario Davidovsky, Argentinian composer
  • 1934 – John Duffey, American bluegrass musician (d. 1996)
  • 1934 – Anne Haney, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1934 – Barbara McNair, American singer and actress (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist
  • 1934 – Gleb Yakunin, Russian priest and dissident
  • 1935 – Bent Larsen, Danish chess player
  • 1935 – Nancy Whiskey, Scottish folk singer (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Jim Clark, OBE, Scottish racing driver and two-time F1 world champion (d. 1968)
  • 1936 – Aribert Reimann, German composer
  • 1937 – Graham Dowling, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1937 – Leslie Gelb, American foreign policy advisor
  • 1937 – Yuri Senkevich, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2003)
  • 1937 – Barney Wilen, French jazz saxophonist (d. 1996)
  • 1938 – Angus MacLise, American percussionist (d. 1979)
  • 1938 – Don Perkins, American football player
  • 1938 – Paula Prentiss, American actress
  • 1938 – Adam Daniel Rotfeld, Polish diplomat and researcher
  • 1939 – Jack Fisher, American baseball player
  • 1939 – Carlos Vereza, Brazilian actor
  • 1940 – Volodymyr Morozov, Ukrainian flatwater canoer
  • 1941 – John Aprea, American actor
  • 1941 – Adrian Lyne, English film director
  • 1941 – Bobby Shew, American jazz musician
  • 1942 – Gloria Gaither, American gospel songwriter
  • 1942 – Charles C. Krulak, 31st Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps
  • 1942 – David Matthews, American keyboardist, pianist, and arranger
  • 1943 – Lucio Dalla, Italian singer and songwriter
  • 1943 – Zoltan Jeney, Hungarian composer
  • 1944 – Ulrich Roski, German singer-songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1944 – Harvey Postlethwaite, English engineer and race car designer (d. 1999)
  • 1944 – Bobby Womack, American singer
  • 1945 – Tara Browne, British socialite (d. 1966)
  • 1945 – Dieter Meier, Swiss singer
  • 1945 – Frank Novak, American actor
  • 1945 – Tommy Svensson, Swedish football manager
  • 1945 – Gary Williams, American basketball coach
  • 1946 – Michael Ashcroft, English entrepreneur
  • 1946 – Haile Gerima, Ethiopian filmmaker
  • 1946 – Harvey Goldsmith, British impresario
  • 1947 – David Franzoni, American screenwriter
  • 1947 – Jan Garbarek, Norwegian musician
  • 1947 – Gunnar Hansen, Icelandic actor
  • 1947 – Gwen Welles, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1948 – Lindy Chamberlain, Australian author
  • 1948 – James Ellroy, American writer
  • 1948 – Tom Grieve, American baseball player
  • 1948 – Leron Lee, American baseball player
  • 1948 – Jean O’Leary, American gay and lesbian rights activist and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1948 – Chris Squire, English bassist (Yes)
  • 1948 – Shakin’ Stevens, Welsh singer
  • 1949 – Carroll Baker, Canadian country singer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Ofelia Medina, Mexican actress and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Rick Perry, Governor of Texas
  • 1951 – Edelgard Bulmahn, German politician
  • 1951 – Kenny Dalglish, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1951 – Theresa Hak Kyung Cha, American novelist (d. 1982)
  • 1951 – Sam Perlozzo, American Major League Baseball manager (Baltimore Orioles)
  • 1951 – Mike Quarry, American light heavyweight boxer (d. 2006)
  • 1951 – Chris Rea, English singer
  • 1951 – Linda Yamamoto, Japanese singer
  • 1952 – Ronn Moss, American actor
  • 1952 – Umberto Tozzi, Italian singer
  • 1953 – Emilio Estefan, Cuban percussionist
  • 1953 – Scott Hicks, Ugandan-born film director
  • 1953 – Pawel Janas, Polish football manager and former footballer
  • 1953 – Kay Lenz, American actress
  • 1953 – Chris Smith, American politician
  • 1954 – Mark Chorvinsky, American author and editor (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – François Fillon, French politician, Prime Minister of France
  • 1954 – Peter Jacobsen, American professional golfer
  • 1954 – Catherine O’Hara, Canadian actress
  • 1954 – Irina Ratushinskaya, Russian writer and dissident
  • 1954 – Willie Thorne, English snooker player
  • 1954 – Adrian Zmed, American actor
  • 1955 – Rowland Charles Gould (Boon Gould) English musician (Level 42)
  • 1955 – Dominique Pinon, French actor
  • 1955 – James Weaver, English race car driver
  • 1956 – Kermit Driscoll, American jazz bassist
  • 1957 – Jim Dwyer, American journalist and Pulitzer Prize winner
  • 1957 – Rick Mast, American NASCAR driver
  • 1958 – Patricia Heaton, American actress
  • 1958 – Lennie Lee, British artist
  • 1959 – Rick Ardon, Australian news presenter
  • 1960 – Mikko Kuustonen, Finnish singer and songwriter
  • 1960 – John Mugabi, Ugandan boxer
  • 1960 – Christina Sussiek, former German athlete
  • 1960 – Mykelti Williamson, American actor
  • 1961 – Sabine Everts, former German track athlete
  • 1961 – Ray Mancini, American boxer
  • 1961 – Steven Weber, American actor
  • 1961 – Roger Wessels, South African golfer
  • 1962 – Simon Bisley, British comic book artist
  • 1962 – Lolo Ferrari, French actress (d. 2000)
  • 1962 – Greg Kragen, American footballer
  • 1962 – David Sparrow, English actor
  • 1963 – Barbara Bubula, Polish politician
  • 1963 – Janey Lee Grace, English singer, author, television presenter and radio disc jockey
  • 1963 – Jason Newsted, American bassist (Metallica)
  • 1963 – Daniel Roebuck, American actor
  • 1964 – Tom Lampkin, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Paolo Virzì, Italian screenwriter and director
  • 1965 – Paul W. S. Anderson, English filmmaker
  • 1965 – Andrew Collins, English journalist, scriptwriter and broadcaster
  • 1965 – Stacy Edwards, American actress
  • 1965 – Gary Helms, American country singer
  • 1965 – Khaled Hosseini, Afghan author and physician 1965 – WestBam (Maximillian Lenz), German rave techno DJ
  • 1965 – Yuri Lonchakov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1965 – Jonathan Shearer, Scottish castaway
  • 1966 – Daniela Amavia, Greek-American actress and international model
  • 1966 – Steve Bastoni, Italian Australian actor
  • 1966 – Emese Hunyady, Hungarian speed skater
  • 1966 – Kevin Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Dav Pilkey, American author
  • 1966 – Grand Puba, American rapper
  • 1966 – Wash West, English gay porn film director
  • 1967 – Daryll Cullinan, South African cricketer
  • 1967 – Evan Dando, American musician (The Lemonheads)
  • 1967 – Andrew Osmond, English writer
  • 1967 – Kubilay Türkyilmaz, former Turkish-Swiss footballer
  • 1968 – Giovanni Carrara, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1968 – Patsy Kensit, English actress
  • 1968 – Kyriakos Mitsotakis, Greek politician
  • 1969 – Chastity Bono, American actress and gay rights activist
  • 1969 – Pierluigi Casiraghi, Italian football manager
  • 1969 – Annie Shizuka Inoh, Taiwanese actress
  • 1969 – Frank Nicotero, American comedian
  • 1969 – Stina Nordenstam, Swedish experimental pop singer, songwriter and musician
  • 1969 – Patrick Roach, Canadian actor
  • 1969 – Jason Townsend, American artist and record producer
  • 1970 – Andrea Bendewald, American actress
  • 1970 – Àlex Crivillé, Spanish Grand Prix motorcycle road racer
  • 1971 – Iain Baird, Canadian soccer player
  • 1971 – Fergal Lawler, Irish drummer (The Cranberries)
  • 1971 – Satoshi Motoyama, Japanese racing driver
  • 1971 – Shavar Ross, American actor-turned film director, writer, film producer and editor
  • 1971 – Nick Stabile, American actor
  • 1971 – Jovan Stankovic, Serbian footballer
  • 1972 – Pae Gil-Su, North Korean gymnast
  • 1972 – Ivy Queen, American composer and singer
  • 1972 – Robert Smith, American footballer
  • 1972 – Jos Verstappen, Dutch Formula One driver
  • 1972 – Alison Wheeler, British singer (The Beautiful South)
  • 1973 – Summer Cummings, American actress
  • 1973 – Phillip Daniels, American footballer
  • 1973 – Len Wiseman, American director
  • 1974 – ICS Vortex (Simen Hestnæs), Norwegian vocalist (Arcturus)
  • 1974 – Karol Kucera, Slovak tennis player
  • 1974 – Ariel Ortega, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Tommy Phelps, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Kirsten Bolm, German hurdler
  • 1975 – Patrick Femerling, German-born professional basketball player
  • 1975 – Kim Jung-Eun, South Korean actress
  • 1975 – Myrna Veenstra, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1975 – Antti Aalto, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Hawksley Workman, Canadian rock singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Hiram Bocachica, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1976 – Sean Covel, American film producer
  • 1976 – Scott Sturgeon (Stza Crack), American musician (Choking Victim and Leftover Crack)
  • 1976 – Thierry Renaer, Belgian field hockey player
  • 1976 – Vic Wunderle, American archer
  • 1977 – Ana Gabriela Guevara, Mexican athlete
  • 1977 – Juha Helppi, Finnish professional poker player
  • 1977 – Daniel Klewer, German footballer
  • 1977 – Jason Marsalis, American musician
  • 1978 – Nate Ackerman, British-American logician and wrestler
  • 1978 – Pierre Dagenais, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Denis Dallan, Italian rugby union footballer
  • 1978 – Rachel Roberts, Canadian model and actress
  • 1979 – Ben Fouhy, New Zealand flatwater canoeist
  • 1979 – Geoff Huegill, Australian swimmer
  • 1979 – John Lawler (John Fratelli), Scottish singer (The Fratellis)
  • 1980 – Omar Bravo, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Jung Da Bin, South Korean actress (d. 2007)
  • 1980 – Jack Hannahan, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Arash Markazi, American sportswriter
  • 1981 – Carol Banawa, Filipino singer and celebrity
  • 1981 – Donny Tourette, English punk rock singer (Towers of London)
  • 1982 – Mariano Altuna, Argentine racing driver
  • 1982 – Landon Donovan, American soccer player
  • 1982 – Charity Rahmer, American actress
  • 1983 – Max Vergara Poeti, Colombian writer
  • 1983 – Ryan Lonie, Australian football player.
  • 1984 – Ai Iwamura, Japanese actress
  • 1984 – Zak Whitbread, American-born English soccer player
  • 1985 – Chinedum Ndukwe, American football player
  • 1986 – Margo Harshman, American actress
  • 1986 – Tom De Mul, Belgian footballer
  • 1986 – Bohdan Shust, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1990 – Andrea Bowen, American actress
  • 1991 – Diandra Newlin, American actress, singer, and fashion model
  • 1992 – Jazmin Grace Grimaldi, daughter of Albert II, Prince of Monaco
  • 1993 – Jenna Boyd, American actress
  • 1993 – Alice Jones, British actress
  • 1993 – Abigail Mavity, American actress
  • 1993 – Yves Michel-Beneche, American actor

March 4 – Deaths:

  • 251 – Pope Lucius I
  • 480 – Saint Landry, bishop of Sées
  • 561 – Pope Pelagius I
  • 1172 – Stephen III of Hungary (b. 1147)
  • 1193 – Saladin, Kurdish sultan (b. 1137)
  • 1238 – Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)
  • 1238 – Yuri II, Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1189)
  • 1303 – Daniel of Moscow, Russian Saint, Grand Prince of Muscovy (b. 1261)
  • 1484 – Saint Casimir, Prince of Poland (b. 1458)
  • 1496 – Sigismund of Austria (b. 1427)
  • 1583 – Bernard Gilpin, English clergyman, “Apostle of the North” (b. 1517)
  • 1604 – Fausto Paolo Sozzini, Italian theologian (b. 1539)
  • 1615 – Hans von Aachen, German painter (b. 1552)
  • 1619 – Anne of Denmark, wife of James I (b. 1574)
  • 1710 – Louis III, Prince of Condé (b. 1668)
  • 1733 – Claude de Forbin, French naval commander (b. 1656)
  • 1744 – John Anstis, Garter King of Arms (b. 1669)
  • 1762 – Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (b. 1702)
  • 1793 – Louis de Bourbon, French admiral (b. 1725)
  • 1795 – John Collins, American politician (b. 1717)
  • 1805 – Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter (b. 1725)
  • 1807 – Abraham Baldwin, American politician (b. 1754)
  • 1821 – Princess Elizabeth of Clarence, daughter of King William IV, granddaughter of King George III (b. 1820)
  • 1832 – Jean-François Champollion, French scholar (b. 1790)
  • 1851 – James Richardson, British explorer (b. 1809)
  • 1852 – Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer (b. 1809)
  • 1853 – Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (b. 1774)
  • 1858 – Matthew Perry, U.S. naval officer (b. 1794)
  • 1864 – Thomas Starr King, influential Californian Unitarian minister during the American Civil War (b. 1824)
  • 1866 – Alexander Campbell, Irish founder of the Disciples of Christ (b. 1788)
  • 1868 – Jesse Chisholm, American pioneer of the Chisholm Trail (b. 1805)
  • 1872 – Johannes Carsten Hauch, Danish poet (b. 1790)
  • 1883 – Alexander Hamilton Stephens, former Vice President of the Confederate States of America (b. 1812)
  • 1888 – Amos Bronson Alcott, American philosopher (b. 1799)
  • 1903 – Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (b. 1834)
  • 1906 – John McAllister Schofield, former U.S. Secretary of War and Commanding General of the U.S. Army (b. 1831)
  • 1910 – Knut Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1857)
  • 1915 – William Willett, inventor of Daylight Saving Time (b. 1856)
  • 1916 – Franz Marc, German artist (b. 1880)
  • 1922 – Bert Williams, American entertainer (b. 1874)
  • 1925 – Moritz Moszkowski, Polish/German composer (b. 1854)
  • 1925 – James Ward, English psychologist and philosopher (b. 1843)
  • 1925 – John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player (b. 1860)
  • 1927 – Ira Remsen American chemist (b. 1846)
  • 1938 – George Foster Peabody, American politician (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Jack Taylor, American baseball player (b. 1874)
  • 1940 – Hamlin Garland, American novelist (b. 1860)
  • 1941 – Ludwig Quidde, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1858)
  • 1944 – Louis Buchalter, Jewish American mobster (b.1897) (executed)
  • 1944 – Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • 1944 – Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • 1944 – Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)
  • 1945 – Lucille La Verne, American actress (b. 1872)
  • 1945 – Mark Sandrich, American film director, writer and producer (b. 1900)
  • 1946 – Bror von Blixen-Finecke, Danish big-game hunter (b. 1886)
  • 1948 – Antonin Artaud, French actor/director (b. 1896)
  • 1950 – Adam Rainer, the only man in recorded human history ever to have been both a dwarf and a giant (b. 1899)
  • 1952 – Charles Scott Sherrington, English scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1954 – Noel Gay, English composer, (b. 1898)
  • 1959 – Maxey Long, American athlete (b. 1878)
  • 1960 – Herbert O’Conor, 51st Governor of the US State of Maryland (b. 1896)
  • 1960 – Leonard Warren, American baritone (b. 1911)
  • 1962 – George Mogridge, Major League Baseball pitcher (b. 1889)
  • 1963 – William Carlos Williams, American poet (b. 1883)
  • 1967 – Vladan Desnica, Croatian and Serbian writer (b. 1905)
  • 1967 – Michel Plancherel, Swiss mathematician (b. 1885)
  • 1969 – Nicholas Schenck, Russian-born film empresario (b. 1881)
  • 1973 – Samuel Tolansky, British scientist and expert on spectroscopy (b. 1907)
  • 1974 – Adolph Gottlieb, American painter (b. 1903)
  • 1976 – Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (b. 1951)
  • 1977 – Toma Caragiu, Romanian actor (b. 1925)
  • 1977 – Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk, German politician and former Chancellor of Germany (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – Wesley Bolin, former Governor of the U.S. State of Arizona (b. 1909)
  • 1979 – Willi Unsoeld, American mountain climber (b. 1926)
  • 1981 – Yip Harburg, American lyricist (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Torin Thatcher, Indian actor (b. 1905)
  • 1984 – Ernest Buckler, Canadian novelist (b. 1908)
  • 1984 – Jewel Carmen, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1984 – Geoffrey Lumsden, British actor (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Howard Greenfield, American songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 1986 – Richard Manuel, Canadian musician (The Band) (b. 1943)
  • 1989 – Tiny Grimes, American jazz and R&B guitarist (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Hank Gathers, American basketball player (b. 1967)
  • 1992 – Art Babbitt, American animator (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Art Hodes, American jazz pianist (b. 1904)
  • 1994 – John Candy, Canadian comedian (b. 1950)
  • 1995 – Eden Ahbez, American composer (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Minnie Pearl, American comedian (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Robert H. Dicke, American physicist (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Carey Loftin, American actor/stuntman (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Harry Blackmun, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1908)
  • 1999 – Del Close, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1999 – Karel van het Reve, Dutch writer (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Glenn Hughes, American singer (The Village People) (b. 1950)
  • 2001 – Fred Lasswell, American cartoonist (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Jim Rhodes, Governor of Ohio (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – Harold Stassen, American politician (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Claire Davenport, English actress (b. 1933)
  • 2002 – Eric Flynn, British actor/singer (b. 1939)
  • 2002 – Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Velibor Vasovic, Yugoslavian footballer (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – Jaba Ioseliani, Georgian bank robber (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Sébastien Japrisot, French author, screenwriter and film director (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – John McGeoch, Scottish musician (b. 1955)
  • 2004 – Claude Nougaro, French singer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – George Pake, American physicist (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Stephen Sprouse, American fashion designer (b. 1953)
  • 2005 – Nicola Calipari, Italian secret service agent (b. 1953)
  • 2005 – Robert Consoli, American actor and musician (b. 1964)
  • 2005 – Una Hale, Australian soprano (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Yuriy Kravchenko, Ukrainian statesman (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Carlos Sherman, Uruguayan-born writer (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Roman Ogaza, Polish footballer (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – John Reynolds Gardiner, American engineer (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Dave Rose, American artist (b. 1910)
  • 2006 – Edgar Valter, Estonian illustrator/cartoonist (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Natalie Bodanya (Natalie Bodanskaya), American soprano (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Thomas Eagleton, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Bob Hattoy, American activist (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Richard Joseph, British games soundtrack composer (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Sunil Kumar Mahato, Indian parliamentarian (b. 1966)
  • 2007 – Tadeusz Nalepa, Polish composer, guitar player, vocalist and lyricist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Ian Wooldridge, British sports journalist (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Gary Gygax, Fantasy author and role-playing games creator. (b. 1938)
  • 2008 – Elena Nathanael, Greek film actress (b. 1941)
  • 2008 – Leonard Rosenman, American film, television and concert composer (b. 1924)
  • 2008 – Semka Sokolovic-Bertok, Yugoslavian-born Croatian actress (b. 1935)
  • 2008 – George Walter, former Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda (b. 1928)

March 4 – Holidays:

  • Pennsylvania – Charter Day (1681)
  • St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada – Charter Day (1881)
  • United States – Inauguration Day (1789 – 1933)
  • Vermont – Admission Day (1791).
  • Roman Catholicism – Feast day of Saint Casimir, patron saint of Lithuania
  • Roman Catholicism – Humbert III of Savoy
  • Saint Adrian of Nicomedia, bishop of Saint Andrew’s, and his Companions
  • Saint Basil and his Companions
  • Saint Basinus
  • Saint Efrem
  • Saint Lucius I.
  • Saint Peter of Pappacarbone
  • Roman Catholicism – Commemoration of Saint Lucius I, pope, martyr.

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On This Day in History March 3

March 3 – Events:

  • 1575 – Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
  • 1585 – The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
  • 1791 – The United States Mint is created by the Congress of the United States.
  • 1803 – Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
  • 1817 – The AlabamaTerritory is created by splitting the MississippiTerritory.
  • 1820 – The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.
  • 1845 – Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.
  • 1845 – For the first time the U.S. Congress passes legislation overriding a presidential veto.
  • 1849 – The United States Department of the Interior is established.
  • 1849 – The U.S. Congress passes the Gold Coinage Act allowing the minting of gold coins.
  • 1857 – Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
  • 1861 – Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs.
  • 1863 – The IdahoTerritory organizes as a political division of the United States.
  • 1865 – The U.S. Congress authorizes the formation of the Freedmen’s Bureau.
  • 1865 – Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
  • 1873 – Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any “obscene, lewd, or lascivious” books through the mail.
  • 1875 – Georges Bizet’s opera Carmen premieres at the Opéra Comique of Paris.
  • 1875 – The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, Canada as recorded in The Montreal Gazette.
  • 1877 – Rutherford B. Hayes is privately inaugurated as the 19th President of the United States (his public inauguration coming on March 5).
  • 1878 – Bulgaria regains its independence from Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of San Stefano; shortly after Congress of Berlin stripped its status to an autonomous state of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1879 – The United States Geological Survey is created.
  • 1885 – The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.
  • 1891 – The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
  • 1904 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison’s cylinder.
  • 1905 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly (the Duma).
  • 1910 – Rockefeller Foundation: J.D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from
  • managing his businesses so that he could devote full time to being a philanthropist.
  • 1913 – Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria – Ticha, now known as PFC “Cherno More.”.
  • 1915 – NACA, the predecessor of NASA founded.
  • 1918 – Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia’s involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
  • 1923 – TIME magazine is published for the first time.
  • 1924 – The 1400-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdul Mejid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of Kemal Atatürk.
  • 1931 – The United States officially adopts “The Star-Spangled Banner” as its national anthem.
  • 1933 – Mount Rushmore National Memorial is dedicated.
  • 1933 – U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Norris-LaGuardia Act into law and opening the doors to increased unionization.
  • 1938 – Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
  • 1939 – In Mumbai, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest of the autocratic rule in India.
  • 1940 – Five people are killed in an arson attack on the offices of the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman in Luleå, Sweden.
  • 1942 – World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia killing more than 100 people.
  • 1943 – World War II: In London, England, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.
  • 1944 – The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov were instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards.
  • 1945 – World War II: Previously neutral Finland declares war on the Axis powers.
  • 1953 – A Canadian Pacific Airlines De Havilland Comet crashes in Karachi, Pakistan killing 11.
  • 1958 – Nuri as-Said becomes the prime minister of Iraq for the 14th time.
  • 1961 – Hassan II becomes King of Morocco.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module.
  • 1971 – Beginning of Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and India’s official entry to the Bangladesh Liberation War in support of Mukti Bahini.
  • 1972 – Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 crashes in unexplained circumstances.
  • 1974 – Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes at Ermenonville near Paris, France killing all 346 aboard.
  • 1974 – Roman Catholic and Lutheran officials reach an agreement for eventual reconciliation into one communion, marking the first agreement between the two churches since the Reformation.
  • 1976 – 5 workers are killed by the police in a demonstration in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.
  • 1985 – Arthur Scargill declares that the National Union of Mineworkers national executive voted to end the longest-running industrial dispute in Great Britain without any peace deal over pit closures.
  • 1991 – An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.
  • 1991 – In two concurring referendums: 74 % of the population of Latvia vote for independence from the Soviet Union, in Estonia – 83 %.
  • 1991 – United Airlines Flight 585 crashes on approach into Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing 25.
  • 1992 – The nation of Bosnia was established.
  • 1997 – The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, SkyTower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.
  • 2002 – Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.
  • 2004 – Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agreed to merge in a $11.2 billion deal that formed InBev, the world’s largest brewer.
  • 2005 – Mayerthorpe Incident: James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. It is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion.
  • 2005 – Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane around the world solo without any stops without refueling – a journey of 40,234 km/25,000 mi completed in 67 hours and 2 minutes.

March 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1455 – King John II of Portugal (d. 1495)
  • 1520 – Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (d. 1575)
  • 1583 – Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, English diplomat, poet, and philosopher (d. 1648)
  • 1589 – Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (d. 1676)
  • 1606 – Edmund Waller, British poet (d. 1687)
  • 1652 – Thomas Otway, British dramatist (d. 1685)
  • 1678 – Madeleine de Verchères, French Canadian heroine (d. 1747)
  • 1778 – Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Hanover (d. 1841)
  • 1793 – William Charles Macready, English actor (d. 1873)
  • 1800 – Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (d. 1862)
  • 1805 – Jonas Furrer, first President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1861)
  • 1831 – George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1897)
  • 1839 – Jamsetji Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1904)
  • 1845 – Georg Cantor, German mathematician (d. 1918)
  • 1847 – Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish inventor (d. 1922)
  • 1848 – Adelaide Neilson, English Actress (d. 1880)
  • 1851 – Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (d. 1911)
  • 1860 – John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player (d. 1925)
  • 1863 – Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • 1866 – Fred A. Busse, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)
  • 1871 – Maurice Garin, French cyclist (d. 1957)
  • 1873 – William Green, American labor union leader (d. 1952)
  • 1880 – Florence Auer, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1880 – Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (d. 1946)
  • 1883 – Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
  • 1886 – Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
  • 1890 – Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (d. 1939)
  • 1893 – Beatrice Wood, American artist and ceramicist (d. 1998)
  • 1895 – Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Norwegian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Matthew Ridgway, Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, U.S. Army Chief of Staff (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Kittens Reichert, American silent screen child actor (d. 1990) 1911 – Jean Harlow, American actress (d. 1937)
  • 1911 – Hugues Lapointe, Canadian politician and Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Dr. Arthur Kornberg, American Nobel Prize laureate in 1959 for the discovery of DNA polymerase (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrian (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Julius Boros, American golfer (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – James Doohan, Canadian-born actor (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Ronald Searle, British illustrator
  • 1922 – Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Barney Martin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Doc Watson, American musician
  • 1924 – Tomiichi Murayama, former Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1924 – Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter
  • 1926 – Lys Assia, Swiss singer
  • 1926 – Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Catholic prelate (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – James Merrill, American poet (d. 1995)
  • 1927 – Pierre Aubert, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1930 – Heiner Geißler, German politician
  • 1930 – Ion Iliescu, President of Romania
  • 1933 – Marco Antonio Muñiz, Mexican singer (Los Tres Aces)
  • 1933 – Lee Radziwill, American fashion executive
  • 1933 – Alfredo Landa, Spanish actor
  • 1937 – Bobby Driscoll, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1940 – Germán Castro Caycedo, Colombian writer and journalist
  • 1940 – Perry Ellis, fashion designer (d. 1986)
  • 1940 – Owen Spencer-Thomas, English broadcaster, journalist and Anglican clergyman
  • 1942 – Mike Pender, English singer and guitarist (The Searchers)
  • 1945 – George Miller, Australian film director
  • 1946 – John Virgo, English snooker player
  • 1947 – Jennifer Warnes, American singer and songwriter
  • 1947 – Otto Stuppacher, Austrian racing driver (d. 2001)
  • 1948 – Snowy White, British guitarist (Thin Lizzy, Pink Floyd)
  • 1949 – Jüri Allik, Estonian psychologist
  • 1949 – Gloria Hendry, American actress
  • 1949 – Jesse Jefferson, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Tim Kazurinsky, American actor and comedian
  • 1951 – Lindsay Cooper, English musician and composer (Henry Cow, News from Babel)
  • 1952 – Dermot Morgan, Irish actor and comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Robyn Hitchcock, British musician
  • 1953 – Zico, Brazilian footballer
  • 1954 – Édouard Lock, Canadian dance choreographer (La La La Human Steps)
  • 1955 – Andy Breckman, American comedian and radio personality
  • 1956 – Zbigniew Boniek, Polish footballer
  • 1958 – Miranda Richardson, British actress
  • 1958 – Marc Silvestri, American comic book artist and publisher (Top Cow Productions)
  • 1959 – Ira Glass, American radio host
  • 1960 – Neal Heaton, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Colin Wells, English cricketer
  • 1961 – Perry McCarthy, English racing driver
  • 1961 – Mary Page Keller, American actress
  • 1961 – Knut Nærum, Norwegian comedian
  • 1961 – Fatima Whitbread, English javelin thrower
  • 1962 – Jackie Joyner-Kersee, American athlete
  • 1962 – Glen E. Friedman, American photographer and artist
  • 1962 – Herschel Walker, American football player
  • 1963 – Sophia Aliberti, Greek actress and TV presenter
  • 1964 – Raúl Alcalá, Mexican cyclist
  • 1964 – Laura Harring, Mexican-born American actress
  • 1964 – Duncan Phillips, Australian drummer (Newsboys)
  • 1966 – Fernando Colunga, Mexican actor
  • 1966 – Timo Tolkki, Finnish musician (Stratovarius)
  • 1966 – Tone Loc, American rapper and actor
  • 1968 – Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Simon Whitlock, Australian Darts Player
  • 1970 – Julie Bowen, American actress
  • 1970 – Inzamam-ul-Haq, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1971 – Tyler Florence, chef, Food Network personality, & cookbook author
  • 1972 – Darren Anderton, English footballer
  • 1973 – Romans Vainšteins, Latvian cyclist
  • 1973 – Matthew Marsden, English actor and singer
  • 1973 – Victoria Zdrok, Ukrainian model
  • 1974 – David Faustino, American actor
  • 1974 – Paula Malai Ali,Malaysian-Bruneian TV Presenter and Actress
  • 1976 – Fraser Gehrig, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 – Ronan Keating, Irish singer
  • 1977 – Stéphane Robidas, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Matt Diaz, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Seomoon Tak, Korean singer
  • 1979 – Patrick Renna, American actor
  • 1979 – Alex Zane, English comedian
  • 1980 – Mason Unck, American football player
  • 1981 – Dusty Dvoracek, American football player
  • 1981 – Kim Yoo-Jin (Eugene), South Korean singer and actress
  • 1981 – Lil’ Flip, American rapper
  • 1981 – Emmanuel Pappoe, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1981 – Sung YuRi, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1982 – Jessica Biel, American actress
  • 1985 – Sam Morrow, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1986 – Stacie Orrico, American singer
  • 1992 – Madison Cross, American singer and actress

March 3 – Deaths:

  • 1111 – Bohemund I, Prince of Antioch
  • 1239 – Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (b. 1187)
  • 1459 – Ausiàs March, Catalan poet (b. 1397)
  • 1554 – John Frederick, Elector of Saxony (b. 1503)
  • 1703 – Robert Hooke, English scientist (b. 1635)
  • 1706 – Johann Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1653)
  • 1707 – Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1618)
  • 1717 – Pierre Allix, French Protestant pastor (b. 1641)
  • 1744 – Jean Barbeyrac, French jurist
  • 1765 – William Stukeley, English archaeologist (b. 1687)
  • 1768 – Nicola Porpora, Italian composer (b. 1686)
  • 1792 – Robert Adam, Scottish architect (b. 1728)
  • 1850 – Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)
  • 1894 – Ned Williamson, American baseball player (b. 1857)
  • 1899 – William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (b. 1827)
  • 1927 – Mikhail Artsybashev, Russian writer (b. 1878)
  • 1927 – J.G. Parry-Thomas, Welsh motor-racing driver (b. 1884)
  • 1932 – Eugen d’Albert, German composer (b. 1864)
  • 1943 – George Thompson, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1953 – James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1875)
  • 1959 – Lou Costello, American actor and comedian (b. 1906)
  • 1961 – Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (b. 1887)
  • 1966 – William Frawley, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1966 – Alice Pearce, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1982 – Georges Perec, French writer (b. 1936)
  • 1983 – Hergé, Belgian comics creator (b. 1907)
  • 1983 – Arthur Koestler, Austrian writer (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Danny Kaye, American actor, singer, and comedian (b. 1913)
  • 1988 – Sewall Wright, American biologist (b. 1889)
  • 1990 – Gérard Blitz, Belgian waterpoloist and entrepreneur (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Arthur Murray, American dancer and dance instructor (b. 1895)
  • 1993 – Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Carlos Montoya, flamenco guitarist (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Albert Sabin, Polish-born medical researcher (b. 1906)
  • 1996 – Marguerite Duras, French writer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – John Cardinal Krol, American Catholic clergyman (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Fred Friendly, American broadcast executive (b. 1915)
  • 1999 – Gerhard Herzberg, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (b. 1904)
  • 2001 – Louis Edmonds, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Harlan Howard, American musician (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Horst Buchholz, German actor (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Luis Marden, American photojournalist (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Goffredo Petrassi, Italian composer (b. 1904)
  • 2003 – Peter Smithson, English architect (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Cecily Adams, American actress and casting director (b. 1958)
  • 2005 – Max M. Fisher, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – William Herskovic, Holocaust hero and philanthropist (b. 1914)

March 3 – Holidays:

  • Hinamatsuri (Girl’s Day) – Japanese celebration day for girls.
  • Bulgaria – Liberation Day.
  • Australia – Labour Day.

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