On This Day in History September 20

September 20 – Events:

  • 451 – The Battle of Chalons, in North Eastern France. Flavius Aetius’ victory over Attila the Hun in a day of combat, considered and believed to be the largest battle in the ancient world.
  • 1187 – Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.
  • 1378 – Cardinal Robert of Geneva, called by some the Butcher of Cesena, is elected as Avignon Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism.
  • 1519 – Ferdinand Magellan – set sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with about 270 men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe.
  • 1596 – Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
  • 1633 – Galileo Galilei is tried before the Inquisition for teaching that the Earth orbits the Sun.
  • 1737 – Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.
  • 1792 – French troops stop allied invasion of France, during the War of the First Coalition at Valmy.
  • 1835 – Farroupilha’s Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  • 1848 – The American Association for the Advancement of Science was created.
  • 1854 – Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat Russians in the Crimea.
  • 1857 – The Indian Mutiny ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India
  • 1860 – The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) visits the United States.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chickamauga ends.
  • 1870 – Bersaglieri corps enters Rome through Porta Pia and completes the unification of Italy; see capture of Rome.
  • 1871 – Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
  • 1879 – Cliftonville Football Club, the oldest club in Ireland, is founded.
  • 1881 – Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st President of the United States following the assassination of James Garfield.
  • 1891 – The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.
  • 1906 – Cunard Line’s RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
  • 1917 – Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1920 – Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 1930 – Syro-Malankara Catholic Church was formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios
  • 1939 – A German Messerschmitt Bf 109 is shot down by Fairey Battle gunner Sgt. F. Letchard during a patrol near Aachen. This is the RAF’s first aerial victory of the Second World War.
  • 1942 – Holocaust in Letychiv, Ukraine. In the course of two days German SS murders at least 3,000 Jews
  • 1946 – The first Cannes Film Festival is held.
  • 1954 – New Zealand’s Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.
  • 1962 – James Meredith, an African-American, is barred from entering the University of Mississippi.
  • 1967 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 is launched at John Brown & Company, Clydebank, Scotland. It is operated by the Cunard Line.
  • 1970 – Syrian tanks roll into Jordan in response to continued fighting between Jordan and the fedayeen.
  • The Jordanians knock out 30 of the Syrian tanks.
  • 1973 – Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match at the Houston Astrodome in Houston, Texas.
  • 1977 – The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1979 – Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation.
  • 1979 – A coup d’état in the Central African Empire overthrows Emperor Bokasa I.
  • 1979 – The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist- Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
  • 1979 – Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.
  • 1981 – Brazilian river boat Sobral Santos capsized Amazon River, Obidos, Brazil, killing at least 300.
  • 1982 – National Football League players begin a 57-day strike.
  • 1984 – A suicide bomber in a car attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing twenty-two people.
  • 1988 – Boston Red Sox third baseman Wade Boggs becomes the first player to get 200 hits in six consecutive seasons.
  • 1990 – South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.
  • 2000 – The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building was attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 antitank missile.
  • 2002 – Kolka-Karmadon rock/ice slide started.
  • 2003 – A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country’s accession to the European Union.
  • 2003 – Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé.

September 20 – Birthdays:

  • 1486 – Arthur, Prince of Wales, son of King Henry VII of England (d. 1502)
  • 1599 – Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader (d. 1623)
  • 1744 – Thomas Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War hero (d. 1825)
  • 1746 – Móric Benovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagaskar (d. 1786)
  • 1778 – Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian naval officer and explorer (d. 1852)
  • 1833 – Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1918)
  • 1842 – James Dewar, Scottish chemist (d. 1923)
  • 1844 – William H. Illingworth, American photographer (d. 1893)
  • 1853 – Rama V, King of Thailand (d. 1910)
  • 1861 – Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress (d. 1955)
  • 1872 – Maurice Gamelin, French army general (d. 1958)
  • 1873 – Sidney Olcott, Canadian film director (d. 1949)
  • 1873 – Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian race car driver (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Upton Sinclair, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1880 – Louise Peete, American murderess (d. 1947)
  • 1884 – Maxwell Perkins, American editor and publisher (d. 1947)
  • 1885 – Jelly Roll Morton, American jazz pianist, bandleader and composer (d. 1941)
  • 1886 – Charles Williams, British author (d. 1945)
  • 1889 – Charles Reidpath, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • 1899 – Leo Strauss, German-born philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1902 – Stevie Smith, British poet (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Shriram Sharma Acharya, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Kenneth More, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – Malik Meraj Khalid, Former Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Red Auerbach, American basketball coach (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Fernando Rey, Spanish-born actor (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Jay Ward, American animated cartoonist (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Alberto de Lacerda, Portuguese poet (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – William Kapell, American pianist (d. 1953)
  • 1923 – Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish-born poet (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Gogi Grant, American singer
  • 1925 – Ananda Mahidol, King of Thailand (d. 1946)
  • 1925 – Bobby Nunn, American singer (The Coasters) (d. 1986)
  • 1926 – Donald Hall, American poet and US Poet Laureate
  • 1927 – Johnny Dankworth, English musician and composer
  • 1927 – Rachel Roberts, English actress (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Joyce Brothers, American psychologist and advice columnist
  • 1928 – Kirsten Rolffes, Danish actress (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Anne Meara, American comic and actress
  • 1931 – Cherd Songsri, Thai filmmaker (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Dennis Viollet, English former footballer (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Sophia Loren, Italian actress
  • 1935 – Jim Taylor, National Football League player
  • 1935 – Keith Roberts, British science fiction author (d. 2000)
  • 1935 – David Pegg, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1937 – Birgitta Dahl, Swedish politician
  • 1937 – Monica Zetterlund, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Robert L. Gerry III, American businessman
  • 1941 – Dale Chihuly, American glass artist
  • 1942 – Gérald Tremblay, Québec politician
  • 1947 – Mia Martini, Italian singer (d. 1995)
  • 1947 – Bruce Pasternack, American CEO
  • 1947 – Steve Gerber, American comics writer (d. 2008)
  • 1948 – George R. R. Martin, American writer
  • 1948 – Chuck Panozzo and John Panozzo (d. 1996), American musicians (Styx)
  • 1949 – John W. Henry, American MLB team owner
  • 1949 – Mahesh Bhatt. Indian film director
  • 1951 – Guy Lafleur, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Javier Marías, Spanish author, translator and academic
  • 1954 – Henry Samueli, American NHL team owner
  • 1956 – Gary Cole, American actor
  • 1957 – Alannah Currie, New Zealander musician (Thompson Twins)
  • 1957 – Rich DiSilvio, American new media developer & artist
  • 1958 – Arn Anderson, American wrestler
  • 1959 – Danny Devos, Belgian artist
  • 1960 – Deborah Roberts, American journalist and TV reporter
  • 1961 – Lisa Bloom, American lawyer and television personality
  • 1964 – Maggie Cheung, Hong Kong actress
  • 1965 – Robert Rusler, American actor
  • 1966 – Nuno Bettencourt, Portuguese rock musician
  • 1967 – Kristen Johnston, American actress
  • 1967 – Gunnar and Matthew Nelson, American musicians (Nelson)
  • 1968 – Leah Pinsent, Canadian actress
  • 1968 – Darrell Russell, American race car driver (d. 2004)
  • 1968 – Tim Rogers, Australian singer / songwriter
  • 1969 – Victoria Dillard, American actress
  • 1969 – Megumi Kudo, Japanese pro-wrestler
  • 1969 – Richard Witschge, former Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Moon Bloodgood, American actress and model
  • 1971 – Henrik Larsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1971 – Masashi Hamauzu, Japanese composer
  • 1973 – Ronald McKinnon, National Football League linebacker
  • 1974 – Michael Waddington, American defense lawyer
  • 1975 – Asia Argento, Italian actress
  • 1975 – Juan Pablo Montoya, Colombian race car driver
  • 1976 – Yui Horie, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1976 – Enuka Okuma, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Reuben Singh, British entrepreneur
  • 1977 – Namie Amuro, Japanese pop singer
  • 1978 – Jason Bay, Canadian baseball player
  • 1978 – Patrizio Buanne, Italian singer
  • 1978 – Sarit Hadad, Israeli singer
  • 1978 – T.J. Tucker, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Sean Davis, English footballer
  • 1980 – Mariacarla Boscono, Italian fashion model
  • 1980 – Jonathan Le Billon, British actor
  • 1980 – Vladimir Karpets, Russian cyclist
  • 1980 – Luke Munns, Australian singer / songwriter
  • 1981 – Joanie Dodds, America’s Next Top Model contestant
  • 1981 – Feliciano López, Spanish tennis player
  • 1981 – Jordan Tata, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Yuna Ito, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1983 – Ángel Sánchez, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1985 – David Allen, American composer and writer
  • 1990 – John Tavares, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Marilou, Quebec pop singer
  • 1991 – Spencer Locke, American actress
  • 1993 – Taylor Parks, American actress
  • 1995 – Sammi Hanratty, American actress

September 20 – Deaths:

  • 1246 – Mikhail of Chernigov, ruler of Kiev
  • 1384 – King Louis I of Naples (b. 1339)
  • 1460 – Gilles Binchois, Flemish composer
  • 1586 – Chidiock Tichborne, English conspirator and poet (executed) (b. 1558)
  • 1590 – Lodovico Agostini, Italian composer (b. 1534)
  • 1625 – Heinrich Meibom, German historian and critic (b. 1555)
  • 1627 – Jan Gruter, Dutch critic (b. 1560)
  • 1630 – Claudio Saracini, Italian composer (b. 1586)
  • 1639 – Johannes Meursius, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1579)
  • 1643 – Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland, English politician and writer
  • 1721 – Thomas Doggett, Irish actor
  • 1803 – Robert Emmet, Irish patriot (b. 1780)
  • 1815 – Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist (b. 1725)
  • 1852 – Philander Chase, American university founder (b. 1775)
  • 1863 – Jacob Grimm, German folklorist (b. 1785)
  • 1884 – Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (b.1802)
  • 1898 – Theodor Fontane, German writer (b. 1819)
  • 1906 – Robert R. Hitt, American politician (b. 1834)
  • 1908 – Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (b. 1844)
  • 1932 – Wovoka, Paiute visionary
  • 1933 – Annie Besant, women’s rights activist (b. 1847)
  • 1939 – Paul Bruchési, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Montreal (b. 1855)
  • 1945 – William Buehler Seabrook, Writer, journalist, occultist and explorer (b. 1884)
  • 1945 – Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1909)
  • 1946 – Raimu, French actor (b. 1883)
  • 1947 – Fiorello LaGuardia, Mayor of New York City (b. 1882)
  • 1957 – Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer (b. 1865)
  • 1971 – Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Jim Croce, American singer and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1975 – Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Ludvík Svoboda, President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Sanpei Hayashiya, Japanese comedian (b. 1925)
  • 1984 – Steve Goodman, American folk music singer-songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1989 – Richie Ginther, American racing driver (b. 1930)
  • 1993 – Erich Hartmann, German, world’s most successful fighter pilot (352 ‘kills'; b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Jule Styne, American songwriter (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and noted author (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Paul Erdos, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Raisa Gorbachyova, wife of Mikhail Gorbachev (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Robert Lebel, Quebec ice hockey administrator (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Gherman Titov, cosmonaut (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Lord Williams of Mostyn, British politician (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Gordon Mitchell, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Brian Clough, English footballer and football manager (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Townsend Hoopes, American politician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Simon Wiesenthal, Austrian-Polish Nazi hunter (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Armin Jordan, Swiss conductor (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – John W. Peterson, American songwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Johnny Gavin, Irish footballer (b. 1928)

September 20 – Holidays:

  • Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul only – Farroupilha’s Revolution (1835).

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On This Day in History September 19

September 19 – Events:

  • 335 – Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.
  • 1356 – In the Battle of Poitiers, the English defeat the French.
  • 1692 – Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.
  • 1777 – First Battle of Saratoga/Battle of Freeman’s Farm/Battle of Bemis Heights.
  • 1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
  • 1796 – George Washington’s farewell address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Iuka – Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Paris begins, which will result on 28 January 1871 in the surrender of Paris and a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1893 – Women’s suffrage: In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.
  • 1900 – Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid commit their first robbery together.
  • 1926 – The San Siro is inaugurated with a match between AC Milan and Inter.
  • 1934 – Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the kidnap and murder of Charles Lindbergh III.
  • 1942 – Holocaust in Brody, western Ukraine: About 2,500 Brody Jews are deported by German Gestapo to the extermination camp in Belzec.
  • 1944 – Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union signed. (End of the Continuation War).
  • 1945 – Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London.
  • 1946 – The Council of Europe is founded following a speech given by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.
  • 1952 – The U.S. bars Charlie Chaplin from reentering the country after a trip to England.
  • 1957 – First U.S. underground nuclear bomb test.
  • 1957 – Dalida is the first artist to be awarded a gold record in France for 300 000 sales of “Bambino.”
  • 1959 – Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland.
  • 1970 – The first Glastonbury Festival is held at Michael Eavis’s farm in Glastonbury, UK.
  • 1972 – A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.
  • 1973 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden has his investiture.
  • 1976 – A Turkish Boeing 727 hits a mountain in southern Turkey killing 155.
  • 1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence.
  • 1985 – A strong earthquake kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
  • 1985 – Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.
  • 1988 – Greg Louganis suffers a head injury while qualifying for the Seoul Olympics; goes on to win two Gold medals.
  • 1989 – A terrorist bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.
  • 1991 – Ötzi the Iceman is discovered by a couple of German tourists.
  • 1995 – The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber’s manifesto.
  • 1997 – Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria; 53 killed.
  • 2006 – The Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok. Constitution revoked; martial law declared.

September 19 – Birthdays:

  • 86 – Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor (d. 161)
  • 866 – Leo VI, Byzantine Emperor (d. 912)
  • 1377 – Albert IV, Duke of Austria (d. 1404)
  • 1551 – King Henry III of France (d. 1589)
  • 1714 – Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1786)
  • 1737 – Charles Carroll of Carrollton, American signer of the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Senator (d. 1832)
  • 1749 – Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician (d. 1822)
  • 1759 – William Kirby, English entomologist (d. 1850)
  • 1778 – Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1868)
  • 1796 – Hartley Coleridge, English poet (d. 1849)
  • 1799 – René Caillé, French explorer (d. 1838)
  • 1802 – Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian lawyer and Regent-President (d. 1894)
  • 1803 – Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1884)
  • 1811 – Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)
  • 1828 – Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1880)
  • 1882 – Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (d. 1965)
  • 1887 – Lovie Austin, American jazz pianist (d. 1972)
  • 1887 – Lynne Overman, American actor (d. 1943)
  • 1888 – J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Sadie Delany, American physician and author (d. 1999)
  • 1898 – Giuseppe Saragat, president of the Italian Republic (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film producer (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Leon Jaworski, American Watergate scandal special prosecutor (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr., American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Mika Waltari, Finnish novelist (d. 1979)
  • 1909 – Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile pioneer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Margaret Lindsay, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1911 – Sir William Golding, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Kurt Sanderling, German conductor
  • 1913 – Frances Farmer, American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Germán Valdés, Mexican actor, singer and comedian (d. 1973)
  • 1920 – Roger Angell, American sports writer
  • 1921 – Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator & writer (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Damon Knight, American writer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Emil Zátopek, Czech athlete (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1926 – James Lipton, American actor, writer and host of Inside the Actors Studio
  • 1926 – Duke Snider, baseball player
  • 1927 – Rosemary Harris, English actress
  • 1927 – William Hickey, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1928 – Adam West, American actor
  • 1930 – Antonio Margheriti, Italian filmmaker (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Brook Benton, American singer (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Jean-Claude Carrière, French screenwriter and actor
  • 1933 – David McCallum, Scottish actor
  • 1934 – Brian Epstein, English musical group manager (The Beatles) (d. 1967)
  • 1935 – Benjamin Hacker, American naval aviator (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Nick Massi, American singer (The Four Seasons) (d. 2000)
  • 1936 – Al Oerter, American athlete (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Abner Haynes, American football player
  • 1940 – Anna Karen, South African-born British actress
  • 1940 – Bill Medley, American singer and songwriter (The Righteous Brothers)
  • 1940 – Ed Westfall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1940 – Paul Williams, American composer
  • 1941 – Umberto Bossi, Italian politician
  • 1941 – Mama Cass Elliot, American musician (d. 1974)
  • 1942 – Freda Payne, American singer and actress
  • 1943 – Joe Morgan, baseball player
  • 1944 – Anders Björck, Swedish politician
  • 1944 – Jean Succar Kuri, Lebanese-born Mexican businessman
  • 1945 – Randolph Mantooth, American actor
  • 1946 – Brian Henton, English racing driver
  • 1947 – Lol Creme, English musician (10cc, Godley & Creme)
  • 1948 – Jeremy Irons, English actor
  • 1948 – Mihai Timofti, Director, actor, musician from Moldova-Chisinau
  • 1949 – Sally Potter, English film director and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Barry Scheck, American lawyer, co-founder Innocence Project
  • 1949 – Twiggy, English model
  • 1950 – Joan Lunden, American journalist and television host
  • 1951 – Daniel Lanois, Canadian record producer
  • 1952 – Bernard de Dryver, Belgian racing driver
  • 1952 – Gunnar Hökmark, Swedish politician
  • 1952 – Nile Rodgers, American musician and composer
  • 1955 – Richard Burmer, American composer and musician (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Rex Smith, American singer and actor
  • 1956 – Juan Manuel Fangio II, Argentine racing driver
  • 1956 – Charlie Reliford, baseball umpire
  • 1958 – Kevin Hooks, American actor and director
  • 1958 – Azumah Nelson, Ghanaian boxer
  • 1960 – Loïc Bigois, French engineer
  • 1962 – Cheri Oteri, American actress and comedian
  • 1962 – Ken Rosenthal, American sportswriter
  • 1963 – Jarvis Cocker, English musician (Pulp)
  • 1963 – David Seaman, English footballer
  • 1964 – Patrick Marber, British playwright
  • 1964 – Bob Papa, American sportscaster
  • 1964 – Trisha Yearwood, American singer
  • 1965 – Alexandra Vandernoot, Belgian actress
  • 1966 – Soledad O’Brien, American journalist
  • 1967 – Jim Abbott, baseball player
  • 1967 – Stéphane Crête, Quebec actor
  • 1967 – Alexander Karelin, Russian wrestler
  • 1969 – Alkinoos Ioannidis, Greek-Cypriot singer and composer
  • 1969 – Tapio Wilska, Finnish singer
  • 1970 – Dan Bylsma, National Hockey League player
  • 1970 – Gilbert Dionne, National Hockey League player
  • 1970 – Takanori Nishikawa, Japanese pop/rock singer
  • 1970 – Victor Williams, American actor
  • 1973 – Nick Colgan, Irish footballer
  • 1973 – Cristiano da Matta, Brazilian racing car driver
  • 1973 – Jeremy Lindsay Taylor, Australian actor
  • 1974 – Jimmy Fallon, American actor and comedian
  • 1974 – Victoria Silvstedt, Swedish model
  • 1976 – Raja Bell, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Alison Sweeney, American actress
  • 1976 – Jim Ward, American musician (At the Drive-In, Sparta)
  • 1976 – Jessica York, television personality
  • 1977 – Ryan Dusick, American drummer (Maroon 5)
  • 1978 – Michelle Alves, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1978 – Nick Johnson, baseball player
  • 1978 – Nigel Mitchell, Quizmania and Capital Disney presenter
  • 1978 – Jorge López Montaña, Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Dannielle Brent, British actress
  • 1979 – Noémie Lenoir, French supermodel and actress
  • 1980 – Tegan and Sara, Canadian singer/songwriters
  • 1981 – Scott Baker, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Damiano Cunego, Italian cyclist
  • 1981 – Rick DiPietro, American ice hockey goaltender
  • 1982 – Eleni Daniilidou, Greek tennis player
  • 1982 – Jordan Parise, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Nicole Voss, American model
  • 1983 – Joey Devine, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Charlie Haeger, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Matt Wiman, American mixed martial artist
  • 1984 – Eamon Doyle, American pop singer
  • 1984 – Kevin Zegers, Canadian actor
  • 1986 – Gerald Ciolek, German cyclist
  • 1986 – Ken Gushi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1986 – Peter Vack, American voice actor
  • 1987 – Danielle Panabaker, American actress

September 19 – Deaths:

  • 690 – Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 602)
  • 1339 – Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (b. 1288)
  • 1668 – William Waller, English soldier
  • 1692 – Giles Corey, American farmer killed in the Salem Witch Trials
  • 1693 – Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian polymath (b. 1641)
  • 1710 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (b. 1644)
  • 1843 – Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (b. 1792)
  • 1868 – William Sprague, American minister and politician from Michigan (b. 1809)
  • 1881 – James Garfield, 20th President of the United States (b. 1831)
  • 1893 – Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician, a father of Canadian Confederation (b. 1817)
  • 1905 – Thomas John Barnardo, Irish philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • 1906 – Maria Georgina Grey (b.1816), British writer who promoted women’s education and founder of the Girls’ Day School Trust.
  • 1924 – Alick Bannerman, Australian cricketer (b. 1854)
  • 1927 – Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (b. 1849)
  • 1935 – Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist (b. 1857)
  • 1936 – Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (b. 1860)
  • 1938 – Pauline Frederick, American actress (b. 1883)
  • 1942 – Condé Nast, American publisher (b. 1873)
  • 1944 – Guy Gibson, British aviator, awarded Victoria Cross (b. 1918)
  • 1949 – Will Cuppy, American humorist (b. 1884)
  • 1949 – George Shiels, Irish dramatist (b. 1886)
  • 1949 – Nikolaos Skalkottas, Greek composer (b. 1901)
  • 1955 – John D. Dingell, Sr., U.S. Congressman from Michigan (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter (b. 1884)
  • 1967 – Monica Proietti, Canadian criminal (b. 1940)
  • 1968 – Chester Carlson, American inventor (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Red Foley, American singer (b. 1910)
  • 1969 – Rex Ingram, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1972 – Robert Casadesus, French pianist (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Gram Parsons, American musician (b. 1946)
  • 1978 – Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian (b. 1884)
  • 1985 – Italo Calvino, Italian writer (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Einar Gerhardsen, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Hermes Pan, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – Orville Redenbacher, American botanist and businessman (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Rich Mullins, American singer (b. 1955)
  • 2000 – Anthony Robert Klitz, British artist (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Robert Guéï, ruler of Côte d’Ivoire (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Slim Dusty, Australian singer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Eddie Adams, American photographer, won Pulitzer Prize (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Árpád Bogsch, Hungarian turned American international civil servant (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Skeeter Davis, American singer (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Ellis Marsalis, Sr., American businessman, musician, and activist
  • 2006 – Elizabeth Allen, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Chuck Rio, American singer and saxophonist (The Champs) (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Hugh Kawharu, paramount chief of the Ngati Whatua Maori tribe (b. 1927)

September 19 – Holidays:

  • Chile – Armed Forces Day.
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis – Independence Day (from Great Britain, 1983).

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On This Day in History September 18

September 18 – Events:

  • 96 – Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated.
  • 324 – Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine’s sole control over the Roman Empire.
  • 1180 – Philip Augustus becomes king of France.
  • 1454 – In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years’ War.
  • 1502 – Christopher Columbus lands at Costa Rica on his fourth, and final, voyage.
  • 1544 – Charles V of Germany and Francis I of France sign peace treaty (Truce of Crepy-en-Laonnois)
  • 1573 – Spanish attack on Alkmaar.
  • 1635 – Emperor Ferdinand II declares war on France.
  • 1679 – New Hampshire becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1739 – The Treaty of Belgrade is signed, ceding Belgrade to the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1759 – The British capture Quebec City.
  • 1793 – The first cornerstone of the Capitol building is laid by George Washington.
  • 1809 – Royal Opera House in London opens.
  • 1810 – First Government Junta in Chile. Though supposed to rule only in the absence of the king, it was in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and it is commemorated as such.
  • 1812 – Fire of Moscow (1812) fades down after destroying more than three quarters of the city. Napoleon returns from Petrovsky Palace to Moscow Kremlin, spared from the fire.
  • 1837 – Tiffany and Co. (first named Tiffany & Young) is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and John B. Young in New York City, New York. The store was called a “stationery and fancy goods emporium.”
  • 1838 – Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden.
  • 1850 – The U.S. Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act.
  • 1851 – The New-York Daily Times, which will become The New York Times, begins publishing.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga.
  • 1872 – King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1873 – The Panic of 1873 begins.
  • 1879 – Blackpool Illuminations were switched on for the first time.
  • 1882 – Pacific Stock Exchange opens.
  • 1885 – Riots break out in Montreal to protest compulsory smallpox vaccination.
  • 1895 – Booker T Washington delivers “Atlanta Compromise” address.
  • 1895 – Daniel David Palmer gives the first chiropractic adjustment.
  • 1898 – Fashoda Incident – Lord Kitchener’s ships reach Fashoda, Sudan.
  • 1906 – A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.
  • 1910 – In Amsterdam, 25,000 demonstrate for general suffrage.
  • 1911 – Russian Premier Peter Stolypin shot at the Kiev Opera House
  • 1914 – The Irish Home Rule Act becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.
  • 1914 – World War I: South African troops land in German South West Africa.
  • 1919 – The Netherlands gives women the right to vote.
  • 1919 – Fritz Pollard becomes the first African-American to play professional football for a major team, the Akron Pros.
  • 1922 – Hungary admitted to League of Nations.
  • 1927 – Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air.
  • 1928 – Juan de la Cierva makes first autogyro crossing of the English Channel.
  • 1931 – The Mukden Incident gives Japan the pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.
  • 1932 – Actress Peg Entwistle commits suicide by jumping from the letter “H” in the Hollywood sign.
  • 1934 – USSR admitted to League of Nations.
  • 1939 – World War II: Polish government of Ignacy Moscicki flees to Romania.
  • 1939 – William Joyce’s first Nazi propaganda broadcast.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italian troops conquer Sidi Barrani.
  • 1942 – Canadian Broadcasting Corporation authorized.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Jews of Minsk are massacred at Sobibór.
  • 1943 – World War II: Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews.
  • 1944 – World War II: British submarine HMS Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru, 5,600 killed.
  • 1945 – Gen. Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.
  • 1947 – The United States Air Force becomes an independent service.
  • 1948 – Communist Madiun uprising in Dutch Indies.
  • 1948 – Margaret Chase Smith becomes the first woman elected to the US Senate without completing another senator’s term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten.
  • 1948 – Ralph Bunche confirmed as acting UN mediator for Palestine and Israel.
  • 1959 – Vanguard 3 launched into Earth orbit.
  • 1960 – Fidel Castro arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.
  • 1961 – U.N. Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the war-torn Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 1962 – Rwanda, Burundi and Jamaica admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1964 – Constantine II of Greece marries Danish princess Anne-Marie.
  • 1964 – North Vietnamese Army begins infiltration of South Vietnam.
  • 1967 – Esporte Clube Santo André, of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1972 – First Ugandans expelled by Idi Amin arrive in the UK.
  • 1973 – East and West Germany are admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1974 – Hurricane Fifi strikes Honduras with 110 mph winds, killing 5,000 people.
  • 1975 – Patty Hearst is arrested after a year on the FBI Most Wanted List.
  • 1976 – Mao Zedong’s funeral takes place in Beijing.
  • 1977 – Voyager I takes 1st space photograph of Earth & Moon together.
  • 1978 – Leaders of Israel and Egypt reach a settlement for the Middle East at Camp David.
  • 1980 – Soyuz 38 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Cuban) to Salyut 6 space station.
  • 1981 – Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment in France
  • 1982 – Christian militia begin massacre of 600 Palestinians in Lebanon.
  • 1984 – Joe Kittinger completes first solo balloon crossing of the Atlantic.
  • 1987 – Ronald Reagan announces joint destruction of nuclear warheads by USA and USSR.
  • 1988 – End of pro-democracy uprisings in Myanmar after a bloody military coup by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Thousands, mostly monks and civilians (primarily students) were killed by the Tatmadaw.
  • 1989 – Hurricane Hugo hits Puerto Rico, killing six.
  • 1990 – Liechtenstein becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1991 – Yugoslavia began a naval blockade of 7 Adriatic port cities.
  • 1992 – An explosion rocks Giant Mine at the height of a labour dispute, killing 9 replacement
  • 1997 – U.S. media magnate Ted Turner donates USD $1 billion to the United Nations.
  • 1997 – Voters in Wales vote yes (50.3%) on a referendum on Welsh autonomy.
  • 1998 – ICANN is formed.
  • 2001 – First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
  • 2002 – The body of missing schoolgirl Amanda Dowler is found in Yateley heath in Hampshire, ending a six-month search.
  • 2003 – Hurricane Isabel makes landfall in the U.S.
  • 2003 – The UK’s Local Government Act 2003, repealing Section 28, receives Royal Assent.
  • 2006 – Right wing protesters riot the building of the Hungarian Television in Budapest, Hungary, one day after an audio tape was made public, on which Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány admitted he and his party lied during the 2006 general elections.
  • 2007 – President General Pervez Musharraf announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president.
  • 2007 – Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some call the Saffron Revolution.

September 18 – Birthdays:

  • 53 – Trajan, Roman Emperor (d. 117)
  • 1344 – Marie Valois, Princess of France (d. 1404)
  • 1434 – Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress (d. 1467)
  • 1505 – Maria of Austria, wife of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1558)
  • 1587 – Francesca Caccini, Italian composer (d. circa 1640)
  • 1643 – Gilbert Burnet, Scottish Bishop of Salisbury (d. 1715)
  • 1676 – Eberhard Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1733)
  • 1684 – Johann Gottfried Walther, German composer (d. 1748)
  • 1709 – Samuel Johnson, English writer and lexicographer (d. 1784)
  • 1718 – Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian statesman (d. 1783)
  • 1718 – Maria Anna of Austria, Duchess of Lorraine (d. 1744)
  • 1733 – George Read, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence (d. 1798)
  • 1750 – Tomas de Iriarte, Spanish writer (d. 1791)
  • 1752 – Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (d. 1833)
  • 1765 – Pope Gregory XVI (d. 1846)
  • 1779 – Joseph Story, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1845)
  • 1786 – Christian VIII of Denmark, King of Denmark (d. 1848)
  • 1786 – Justinus Kerner, German poet (d. 1862)
  • 1812 – Herschel Vespasian Johnson, American politician (d. 1880)
  • 1819 – Leon Foucault, French physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1837 – Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (d. 1880)
  • 1838 – Anton Mauve, Dutch artist (d. 1888)
  • 1857 – John Hessin Clarke, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1945)
  • 1859 – John L. Bates, 41 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1859 – Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher (d. 1940)
  • 1863 – Hermann Kutter, Swiss theologian (d. 1931)
  • 1870 – Clark Wissler, American anthropologist (d. 1947)
  • 1875 – Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d.1945)
  • 1876 – James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1953)
  • 1883 – Gerald Hugh Tyrwhitt-Wilson, British composer (d. 1950)
  • 1889 – Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Arthur Benjamin, Australian composer (d. 1960)
  • 1893 – William March, American writer (d. 1954)
  • 1895 – John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1979)
  • 1901 – Harold Clurman, American film producer (d. 1980)
  • 1905 – Eddie Anderson, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1905 – Agnes de Mille, American choreographer (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Greta Garbo, Swedish actress (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Leon Askin, Austrian actor (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Edwin McMillan, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1911 – Syd Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1976)
  • 1912 – Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Jack Cardiff, British film director
  • 1916 – Rossano Brazzi, Italian singer and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – John Jacob Rhodes, Jr., American politician and lawyer (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Frank Bell, British educator (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – June Foray, American voice actress
  • 1917 – Francis Parker Yockey, author of Imperium (d. 1960)
  • 1918 – John Berger, English politician
  • 1920 – Jack Warden, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Grayson Hall, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – Ray Steadman-Allen, English composer
  • 1923 – Peter Smithson, English architect (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Queen Anne of Romania
  • 1925 – Harvey Haddix, American baseball player (d. 1994)
  • 1926 – Bud Greenspan, American film producer
  • 1926 – Bob Toski, American golfer
  • 1927 – Phyllis Kirk, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Nancy Littlefield, American film producer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Nikolai Rukavishnikov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Scotty Bowman, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1933 – Robert Blake, American actor
  • 1933 – Jimmie Rodgers, American singer and composer
  • 1933 – Robert Foster Bennett, American senator (Utah)
  • 1935 – John Spencer, English snooker player (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Ralph Backstrom, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1939 – Frankie Avalon, American musician
  • 1939 – Jorge Sampaio, former President of Portugal
  • 1939 – Fred Willard, American comedian
  • 1939 – Harald Heide-Steen Jr., Norwegian actor
  • 1942 – Alex Stepney, English football goalkeeper
  • 1944 – Michael Franks, American musician
  • 1944 – Charles L. Veach, American astronaut (d. 1995)
  • 1944 – Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Nicholas Clay, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1946 – Otis Sistrunk, American football player
  • 1947 – Giancarlo Minardi, Italian motor racing team boss
  • 1948 – Ken Brett, American baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Jim McCrery, American politician
  • 1949 – Mo Mowlam, British politician (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Peter Shilton, English footballer
  • 1949 – Kerry Livgren, American singer (Kansas)
  • 1950 – Shabana Azmi, Indian actress
  • 1950 – Darryl Sittler, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1950 – Anna Deavere Smith, American actress and playwright
  • 1951 – Benjamin Carson, American neurosurgeon
  • 1951 – Darryl Stingley, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – Dee Dee Ramone, American bassist (The Ramones) (d. 2002)
  • 1951 – Marc Surer, Swiss motor racing driver
  • 1952 – Rick Pitino, American basketball coach
  • 1953 – Betsy Boze nee: Vogel, American Academic
  • 1954 – Tommy Tuberville, Auburn Head Football Coach
  • 1954 – Murtaza Bhutto, Pakistani politician (d. 1996)
  • 1954 – Takao Doi, Japanese astronaut
  • 1954 – Dennis Johnson, American basketball player (d. 2007)
  • 1955 – Bob Papenbrook, American voice actor (d. 2006)
  • 1956 – Peter Štastný, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Chris Hedges, American journalist and author
  • 1958 – John Aldridge, Irish footballer
  • 1958 – Don Geronimo, Radio personality of the Don & Mike Show
  • 1959 – Ryne Sandberg, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Ian Arkwright, English footballer
  • 1961 – James Gandolfini, American actor
  • 1962 – Joanne Catherall, English singer
  • 1962 – John Fashanu, English footballer
  • 1962 – Boris Said, American race car driver
  • 1963 – Rob Brettle, British historian
  • 1964 – Marco Masini, Italian singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Holly Robinson Peete, American actress
  • 1967 – Ricky Bell, American singer (New Edition, Bell Biv DeVoe)
  • 1967 – Tara Fitzgerald, English actress
  • 1968 – Toni Kukoc, Croatian basketball player
  • 1968 – Cappadonna, American rapper
  • 1970 – Darren Gough, English cricketer
  • 1970 – Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (d. 1993)
  • 1970 – Aisha Tyler, American actress and comedian
  • 1971 – Lance Armstrong, American cyclist
  • 1971 – Anna Netrebko, Russian opera singer
  • 1971 – Jada Pinkett Smith, American model and actress
  • 1972 – David Jefferies, British motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
  • 1973 – Paul Brousseau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – James Marsden, American actor
  • 1973 – Ami Onuki, Japanese singer (Puffy Amiyumi)
  • 1973 – Mark Shuttleworth, South African entrepreneur
  • 1974 – Sol Campbell, English footballer
  • 1974 – Ticha Penicheiro, Portuguese basketball player
  • 1974 – Xzibit, American rapper
  • 1975 – Kanstantsin Lukashyk, Belarusian pistol shooter
  • 1976 – Ronaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Li Tie, Chinese footballer
  • 1978 – Pilar López de Ayala, Spanish actress
  • 1978 – Augustine Simo, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1979 – Alison Lohman, American actress
  • 1979 – Daniel Aranzubia, Spanish footballer
  • 1980 – Chris Tarrant (footballer), Australian football player
  • 1981 – Jennifer Tisdale, American actress & model
  • 1983 – Kevin Doyle, Irish footballer
  • 1984 – Anthony Gonzalez, Professional American Football Player
  • 1986 – Keeley Hazell, British model
  • 1988 – Annette Obrestad, Norwegian poker player

September 18 – Deaths:

  • 96 – Domitian, Roman Emperor (b. 51)
  • 887 – Pietro I Candiano, Doge of Venice (killed in battle)
  • 1180 – King Louis VII of France (b. 1120)
  • 1598 – Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese warlord (b. 1536)
  • 1630 – Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (b. 1552)
  • 1663 – St Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint (b. 1603)
  • 1675 – Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1604)
  • 1721 – Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat (b. 1664)
  • 1722 – André Dacier, French classical scholar (b. 1651)
  • 1783 – Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (b. 1707)
  • 1783 – Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (b. 1718)
  • 1792 – August Gottlieb Spangenberg, German religious leader (b. 1704)
  • 1827 – Robert Pollok, Scottish poet (b. 1789)
  • 1830 – William Hazlitt, English essayist (b. 1778)
  • 1860 – Joseph Locke, English railway builder and civil engineer (b. 1805)
  • 1872 – King Charles XV / Carl IV of Sweden and Norway (b. 1826)
  • 1891 – William Ferrel, American mathematician (b. 1817)
  • 1896 – Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (b. 1819)
  • 1905 – George MacDonald, Scottish writer and minister (b. 1824)
  • 1911 – Pyotr Stolypin, Russian politician (b. 1862)
  • 1924 – Francis Herbert Bradley, British philosopher (b. 1846)
  • 1939 – Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer, painter, and photographer (b. 1885)
  • 1944 – Robert G. Cole American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (b. 1915)
  • 1949 – Frank Morgan, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1953 – Charles de Tornaco, Belgian racing driver (b. 1927)
  • 1956 – Adélard Godbout, premier of Quebec (b. 1892)
  • 1959 – Benjamin Péret, French surrealist author
  • 1961 – Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish United Nations Secretary-General and distinguished economist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1905)
  • 1964 – Clive Bell, English art critic (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Sean O’Casey, Irish writer (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – John Cockcroft, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – Jimi Hendrix, American musician (b. 1942)
  • 1977 – Paul Bernays, Swiss mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 1980 – Katherine Anne Porter, American novelist (b. 1890)
  • 1986 – Pat Phoenix, English actress (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Vitas Gerulaitis, American tennis player (b. 1954)
  • 1997 – Jimmy Witherspoon, blues singer (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Ernie Coombs, Canadian entertainer (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Bob Hayes, American athlete (b. 1942)
  • 2002 – Mauro Ramos, Brazilian football player (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Emil Fackenheim, German Holocaust survivor and philosopher (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Bob Mitchell, British politician (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Norman Cantor, Canadian historian (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Russ Meyer, American film director (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Michael Park, British Rally co-driver (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Edward J. King, 66th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1925)

September 18 – Holidays:

  • In ancient Greece, the fifth day of the Eleusinian Mysteries.
  • Chile – Independence Day (first junta 1810).

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On This Day in History September 17

September 17 – Events:

  • 1176 – The Battle of Myriokephalon is fought.
  • 1462 – The Battle of Swiecino (or Battle of Zarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years’ War.
  • 1577 – Peace of Bergerac signed between Henry III of France and the Huguenots.
  • 1630 – The city of Boston, Massachusetts, is founded.
  • 1631 – Sweden wins a major victory at the Battle of Breitenfeld against the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years War.
  • 1776 – The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
  • 1778 – Treaty of Fort Pitt signed, the first formal treaty between the United States and a Native American tribe (the Lenape or Delaware).
  • 1787 – The United States Constitution is signed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1809 – Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • 1814 – Francis Scott Key finishes his The Star-Spangled Banner poem.
  • 1859 – Joshua A. Norton declares himself Emperor Norton I of the United States.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan halts the northward drive of Robert E. Lee’s Confederate army in the single-day Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American history.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion resulted in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.
  • 1894 – Battle of Yalu River, the largest naval engagement of the First Sino-Japanese War.
  • 1900 – Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
  • 1908 – The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as passenger, crashes, killing Selfridge. He becomes the first airplane fatality.
  • 1914 – Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 1916 – World War I: Manfred von Richthofen (“The Red Baron”), a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, won his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
  • 1920 – National Football League is organized in Canton, Ohio, United States.
  • 1924 – The Border Defence Corps was established in the Second Polish Republic for the defence of the eastern border against armed Soviet raids and local bandits.
  • 1928 – The Okeechobee Hurricane strikes southeastern Florida, killing upwards of 2,500 people. It is the third deadliest natural disaster in US history, behind the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.
  • 1939 – The Soviet Union joined Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland during the Polish Defensive War of 1939.
  • 1939 – World War II: A German U-boat U 29 sinks the British aircraft carrier HMS Courageous.
  • 1941 – A decree of the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch in the face of the Great Patriotic War, was issued
  • 1943 – Russian city of Bryansk liberated from Nazis.
  • 1944 – Allied Airborne troops parachute into the Netherlands as the “Market” half of Operation Market Garden.
  • 1947 – James V. Forrestal was sworn in as the first Secretary of Defense of United States.
  • 1948 – Lehi (also known as the Stern gang) assassinates Count Folke Bernadotte, who was appointed by the UN to mediate between the Arabs and Jews.
  • 1949 – The Canadian steamship SS Noronic burns in Toronto Harbor with the loss of over 118 lives.
  • 1956 – Television was first broadcast in Australia.
  • 1957 – The North East Humanists group was founded in Newcastle upon Tyne.
  • 1967 – Jim Morrison and The Doors defy CBS censors on The Ed Sullivan Show.
  • 1970 – Fighting breaks out along the Syria-Jordanian border between Jordanian troops and the fedayeen.
  • 1976 – The first Space Shuttle, Enterprise, was unveiled by NASA.
  • 1978 – The Camp David Accords were signed by Israel and Egypt.
  • 1983 – Vanessa Williams becomes the first black Miss America.
  • 1991 – North Korea, South Korea, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.
  • 1991 – The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.
  • 1991 – Guns N’ Roses much anticipated Use Your Illusion albums were finally released.
  • 1993 – Last Russian troops leave Poland.
  • 2001 – The New York Stock Exchange opened for the first time since the September 11 attacks; the Dow Jones Industrial Average posted its biggest point drop in its history, closing down 684.81 points to 8920.70.
  • 2004 – Tamil is declared the first classical language in India.
  • 2007 – AOL, once the largest ISP in the U.S., officially announces plans to refocus the company as an advertising business and to relocate its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia to New York, New York.

September 17 – Birthdays:

  • 64 – Julia Flavia, daughter of Roman Emperor Titus; lover of Domitian.
  • 879 – King Charles III of France (d. 929)
  • 1192 – Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (d. 1219)
  • 1271 – Wenceslas II of Bohemia and Poland (d. 1305)
  • 1550 – Pope Paul V (d. 1621)
  • 1580 – Francisco de Quevedo, Spanish writer (d. 1645)
  • 1630 – Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma (d. 1694)
  • 1639 – Hans Herr, Mennonite bishop (d. 1725)
  • 1657 – Sophia Alekseyevna, regent of Russia (d. 1704)
  • 1677 – Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist, and inventor (d. 1761)
  • 1687 – Durastante Natalucci, Italian historian (d. 1772)
  • 1688 – Maria Luisa of Savoy, first queen of Philip V of Spain (d. 1714)
  • 1730 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian army officer (d. 1794)
  • 1739 – John Rutledge, 2nd (appointed) Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1800)
  • 1743 – Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician (d. 1794)
  • 1771 – Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (d. 1816)
  • 1820 – Émile Augier, French dramatist (d. 1889)
  • 1826 – Bernhard Riemann, German mathematician (d. 1866)
  • 1854 – David Dunbar Buick, American automobile pioneer (d.1929)
  • 1857 – Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist (d. 1935)
  • 1868 – James Alexander Calder, Canadian politician (d. 1956)
  • 1869 – Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian Nobel Peace Prize recipient (d. 1938)
  • 1879 – Rube Foster, American baseball player, manager and executive (d. 1930)
  • 1881 – Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, English soldier (d. 1955)
  • 1883 – William Carlos Williams, American writer (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Charles Tomlinson Griffes, American composer (d. 1920)
  • 1890 – Gabriel Heatter, American radio commentator (d. 1972)
  • 1897 – Earl Webb, baseball player (d. 1965)
  • 1900 – John Willard Marriott, American hotelier (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Hughie Critz, baseball player (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Francis Chichester, English adventurer (d. 1972)
  • 1903 – Karel Miljon, Dutch boxer (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – Frank O’Connor, Irish-American short-story writer (d. 1966)
  • 1906 – Edgar Wayburn, American environmentalist
  • 1907 – Warren Burger, 15th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Irena Kwiatkowska, Polish actress and comedian
  • 1918 – Chaim Herzog, President of Israel (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Agostinho Neto, Angolan politician (d. 1979)
  • 1923 – Hank Williams, American musician (d. 1953)
  • 1926 – Bill Black, American musician (d. 1965)
  • 1926 – Curtis Harrington, American film director (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – George Blanda, American football player
  • 1928 – Roddy McDowall, English actor (d. 1998)
  • 1929 – Sir Stirling Moss, English race car driver
  • 1929 – Pat Crowley, American actress
  • 1930 – Edgar Mitchell, American astronaut
  • 1930 – Jim Rohn, American business philosopher
  • 1930 – Thomas Stafford, American astronaut
  • 1930 – Lalgudi Jayaraman, Indian violinist
  • 1931 – Anne Bancroft, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Chuck Grassley, American politician
  • 1933 – Dorothy Loudon, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Claude Provost, National Hockey League player (d. 1984)
  • 1934 – Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (d. 1969)
  • 1935 – Ken Kesey, American author (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Orlando Cepeda, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player
  • 1938 – Bobby Wine, American Major League Baseball player
  • 1939 – Shelby Flint, American singer
  • 1939 – David Souter, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1940 – Jan Eliasson, Swedish diplomat
  • 1940 – Sotiris Moustakas, Greek actor (d. 2007)
  • 1941 – Bob Matsui, U.S. Congressman (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Des Lynam, English television presenter
  • 1942 – Robert Graysmith, Zodiac killer researcher
  • 1944 – Reinhold Messner, Italian mountain climber
  • 1945 – David Emerson, Canadian politician
  • 1945 – Phil Jackson, American basketball player and NBA head coach
  • 1945 – Bruce Spence, New Zealand actor
  • 1946 – Billy Bonds, English footballer
  • 1947 – Tessa Jowell, British politician
  • 1948 – Jeff MacNelly, American political cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • 1948 – John Ritter, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1950 – Narendra Modi, Indian politician
  • 1950 – Chris Heister, Swedish politician
  • 1950 – Fee Waybill, American musician (The Tubes)
  • 1951 – Cassandra Peterson, American actress
  • 1953 – Altaf Hussain, Pakistani politician and founder of MQM
  • 1954 – Joël-François Durand, French composer
  • 1955 – Koralia Karanti, Greek actress
  • 1955 – Charles Martinet, American actor
  • 1956 – Thad Bosley. American major league baseball player
  • 1956 – Rita Rudner, American comedian
  • 1956 – Brian Andreas, American writer, sculptor, painter and publisher
  • 1959 – Charles Lawson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1960 – Damon Hill, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
  • 1960 – John Franco, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Ty Tabor, American guitarist and singer (King’s X)
  • 1962 – Baz Luhrmann, Australian film director
  • 1962 – Dustin Nguyen, Vietnamese American actor
  • 1963 – Masahiro Chono, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1963 – Amy Roloff, American reality star
  • 1963 – Michael Adler, American businessman
  • 1963 – Rami Saari, Israeli poet and translator
  • 1963 – Wendy Northcutt, Author of the Darwin Awards
  • 1965 – Yuji Naka, Japanese video game programmer
  • 1965 – Guy Picciotto, American musician (Rites of Spring, Fugazi)
  • 1965 – Bryan Singer, American director
  • 1966 – Doug E. Fresh, American rapper, record producer, and beatboxer
  • 1967 – Malik Yoba, American actor
  • 1973 – Anastacia, American singer
  • 1968 – Marie-Chantal, Crown Princess of Greece
  • 1969 – Ken Doherty, Irish snooker player
  • 1969 – Keith Flint, Member of the British band The Prodigy
  • 1969 – Matthew Settle, American actor
  • 1970 – Mark Brunell, American football player
  • 1971 – Adriana Sklenaríková, Slovak supermodel
  • 1971 – Mike Catt, English rugby player
  • 1971 – Ian Whyte (actor), Welsh actor and basketball player
  • 1973 – Ada Choi, Hong Kong actress
  • 1973 – Demis Nikolaidis, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Rasheed Wallace, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Mirah, American musician
  • 1974 – Tormod Granheim, Norwegian adventurer
  • 1975 – Jimmie Johnson, American race car driver
  • 1975 – Austin St. John, American actor
  • 1975 – Constantine Maroulis, American singer
  • 1976 – Daniella Rush, Czech pornographic actress
  • 1977 – Simone Perrotta, Italian football player
  • 1978 – Shawn Horcoff, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Akin Ayodele, American football player
  • 1979 – Chuck Comeau, Canadian musician (Simple Plan)
  • 1979 – Steffen Algreen, Danish footballer
  • 1980 – Danny Haren, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Bakari Koné, Ivory Coast footballer
  • 1981 – Casey Janssen, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jonathan Radtke, American musician (Kill Hannah)
  • 1982 – Garth Murray, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Jennifer Peña, American singer
  • 1984 – Eugenia Volodina, Russian supermodel
  • 1985 – Alexander Ovechkin, Russian hockey player
  • 1985 – Mason Raymond, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Brendan Clarke, Irish Soccer Player with St. Patrick’s Athletic
  • 1985 – Jon Walker, American musician (Panic! at the Disco)
  • 1986 – Dimitrios Regas, Greek sprinter
  • 1987 – Paul Huntington, English footballer
  • 1991 – Jordan McCoy, American entertainer
  • 1994 – Taylor Ware, American yodeler

September 17  -Deaths:

  • 1179 – Hildegard of Bingen, German abbess and composer (b. 1098)
  • 1322 – Robert III of Flanders (b. 1249)
  • 1422 – Constantine II of Bulgaria
  • 1563 – Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, English soldier
  • 1574 – Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, first Spanish Governor of Florida (b. 1519)
  • 1575 – Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (b. 1504)
  • 1621 – Robert Bellarmine, Italian saint (b. 1542)
  • 1630 – Thomas Lake, English statesman (b. 1567)
  • 1665 – Philip IV of Spain (b. 1605)
  • 1679 – John of Austria the Younger, Spanish general (b. 1629)
  • 1727 – Glückel of Hameln, German businesswoman (b. 1647)
  • 1762 – Francesco Geminiani, Italian violinist (b. 1687)
  • 1771 – Tobias Smollett, Scottish novelist (b. 1721)
  • 1803 – Franz Xaver Süssmayr, Austrian composer (b. 1766)
  • 1808 – Benjamin Bourne, American politician (b. 1755)
  • 1836 – Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (b. 1748)
  • 1863 – Alfred de Vigny, French author (b. 1797)
  • 1873 – Alexander Berry, Scottish adventurer (b. 1781)
  • 1879 – Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (b. 1814)
  • 1894 – Deng Shichang, Chinese admiral (b. 1849)
  • 1899 – Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (b. 1842)
  • 1907 – Ignaz Brüll, Austrian pianist (b. 1846)
  • 1933 – Joseph De Piro, Maltese missionary (b. 1877)
  • 1936 – Ettie Annie Rout, New Zealand activist (b. 1877)
  • 1938 – Bruno Jasienski, Polish poet (b. 1901)
  • 1951 – Jimmy Yancey, American pianist (b. 1898)
  • 1966 – Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor (b. 1930)
  • 1968 – Anastacia, Singer/Songwriter, Fashion Designer
  • 1972 – Akim Tamiroff, Georgian actor (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Hugo Winterhalter, American bandleader (b. 1909)
  • 1980 – Anastasio Somoza Debayle, President of Nicaragua (b. 1925)
  • 1982 – Manos Loïzos, Greek composer (b. 1937)
  • 1984 – Richard Basehart, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1987 – Harry Locke, British character actor (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Zino Francescatti, French violinist (b. 1902)
  • 1993 – Christian Nyby, American film and television director (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – Spiro Agnew, Vice President of the United States (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Ted Binion, Las Vegas casino heir (b. 1943)
  • 2000 – Nicole Reinhart, American cyclist (b. 1976)
  • 2000 – Paula Yates, English TV personality (b. 1960)
  • 2001 – Lou Dog, Dalmatian of Sublime singer/guitarist Bradley Nowell
  • 2003 – Erich Hallhuber, German actor (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Alfred Reed, American composer (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Patricia Kennedy Lawford, American socialite (b. 1924)

September 17 – Holidays:

  • The fourth day of the Eleusinian Mysteries in ancient Greek mythology, when the initiates sacrificed a pig.
  • Angola – National Heroes’ Day.

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On This Day in History September 16

September 16 – Events:

  • 1400 – Owain Glyndwr declared Prince of Wales by his followers.
  • 1701 – James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the “Old Pretender,” becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: the Battle of Harlem Heights is fought.
  • 1795 – United Kingdom conquers Cape Town, South Africa.
  • 1810 – With the Grito de Dolores, Father Miguel Hidalgo begins Mexico’s fight for independence from Spain
  • 1812 – Russians set fire to Moscow shortly after midnight – the city is burned completely down days later.
  • 1863 – Robert College of Istanbul-Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • 1887 – The first game of softball was played in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1893 – Settlers race in Oklahoma for prime land in the Cherokee Strip.
  • 1901 – Alturas, California, incorporated as the only city in Modoc County.
  • 1908 – General Motors is founded.
  • 1919 – The American Legion is incorporated.
  • 1920 – The Wall Street bombing: a bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J.P.Morgan building in New York City – 38 are killed with 400 injured.
  • 1940 – Sam Rayburn elected Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.
  • 1941 – Concerned Reza Pahlavi the Shah of Persia was about to align his petroleum-rich country with Germany during World War II, the United Kingdom and the USSR occupy Iran and forced him to resign in favor of his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  • 1955 – Juan Perón is deposed in Argentina.
  • 1963 – Malaysia is formed from Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak.
  • 1966 – The Metropolitan Opera House opens at Lincoln Center in New York City to the world premiere of Samuel Barber’s opera, Antony and Cleopatra.
  • 1970 – King Hussein of Jordan declares military rule due to the hijacking of four civilian airliners by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). This results in the formation of the Black September Palestinian paramilitary unit.
  • 1975 – Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia.
  • 1975 – The first prototype of the MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight.
  • 1976 – Shavarsh Karapetyan saves 20 people from the trolleybus that had fallen into Erevan reservoir.
  • 1978 – An earthquake hits the city of Tabas, Iran measuring 7.5-7.9 on the Richter scale, and killing about 25,000 people.
  • 1982 – Sabra and Shatila massacre in Lebanon.
  • 1987 – The Montreal Protocol is signed to protect the ozone layer from depletion.
  • 1991 – The trial of Panamanian “strongman” Manuel Noriega begins in the United States.
  • 1992 – Black Wednesday: the Pound Sterling is forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and is forced to devalue against the Deutschmark.
  • 2004 – Hurricane Ivan touches land near Pensacola, Florida.
  • 2007 – One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand killing 89 people.

September 16 – Birthdays:

  • 16 – Drusilla, daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder (d. 38)
  • 1387 – King Henry V of England, (d. 1422)
  • 1507 – Jiajing, Emperor of China (d. 1567)
  • 1557 – Jacques Mauduit, French composer (d. 1627)
  • 1651 – Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler (d. 1716)
  • 1666 – Antoine Parent, French mathematician (d. 1716)
  • 1678 – Henry St John, English statesman and philosopher (d. 1751)
  • 1722 – Gabriel Christie, British general (d. 1799)
  • 1725 – Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist (d. 1815)
  • 1745 – Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (d. 1813)
  • 1782 – Daoguang, Emperor of China (d. 1850)
  • 1823 – Francis Parkman, American historian (d. 1893)
  • 1827 – Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist (d. 1908)
  • 1853 – Albrecht Kossel, German physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1927)
  • 1858 – Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1923)
  • 1859 – Yuan Shikai, Chinese politician (d. 1916)
  • 1875 – James C. Penney, American department store founder (d. 1971)
  • 1881 – Clive Bell, English art critic (d. 1964)
  • 1883 – T. E. Hulme, English writer (d. 1917)
  • 1886 – Jean Arp, Alsatian sculptor and painter (d. 1966)
  • 1887 – Nadia Boulanger, French composer and teacher (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – F. E. Sillanpää, Finnish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1891 – Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-born German spy (d. 1972)
  • 1891 – Karl Dönitz, German naval leader (d. 1980)
  • 1893 – Alexander Korda, Hungarian film director (d. 1956)
  • 1893 – Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1905 – Vladimír Holan, Czech poet (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Jack Churchill, English soldier (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Karl Kling, German race car driver (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Erich Kempka, Adolf Hitler’s chauffeur (d. 1975)
  • 1914 – Allen Funt, American radio and television personality (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – M.S. Subbulakshmi, Indian singer (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Robert Bradshaw, Saint Kitts and Nevis politician (d. 1978)
  • 1919 – Laurence J. Peter, Canadian born educator and writer (d. 1990)
  • 1921 – Jon Hendricks, American jazz singer
  • 1922 – Janis Paige, American actress
  • 1922 – Marcel Mouloudji, French actor and singer (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Lee Kuan Yew, Minister Mentor of Singapore
  • 1924 – Lauren Bacall, American actress
  • 1925 – Charlie Byrd, American musician (d. 1999)
  • 1925 – B. B. King, American musician
  • 1925 – Charles Haughey, Prime Minister of Ireland (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Tommy Bond, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Peter Falk, American actor
  • 1927 – Jack Kelly, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1928 – Lady Gwen Thompson, British occultist (d. 1986)
  • 1930 – Anne Francis, American actress
  • 1934 – George Chakiris, American actor
  • 1935 – Carl Andre, American artist
  • 1935 – Bob Kiley, American public transit specialist
  • 1937 – Alexander Medved, Russian wrestler
  • 1939 – Breyten Breytenbach, South African writer and painter
  • 1941 – Richard Perle, American political advisor
  • 1942 – Bernie Calvert, British musician (The Hollies)
  • 1943 – James Alan McPherson, American writer
  • 1944 – Winston Grennan, Jamaican American drummer
  • 1946 – Cathee Dahmen, American fashion model
  • 1946 – Mike Reynolds, Australian politician
  • 1946 – Camilo Sesto, Spanish singer
  • 1947 – Russ Abbot, British comedian
  • 1947 – Enrique Krauze, Mexican historian and writer
  • 1948 – Ron Blair, American bassist
  • 1948 – Kenny Jones, English musician (The Small Faces; Faces; The Who)
  • 1949 – Ed Begley, Jr., American actor
  • 1950 – Loyd Grossman, American television presenter
  • 1953 – Alan Barton, English musician (Black Lace, Smokie) (d. 1995)
  • 1953 – Nancy Huston, Canadian-born novelist and essayist
  • 1953 – Eric Vail, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1954 – Earl Klugh, American jazz guitarist
  • 1954 – Colin Newman, English musician (Wire)
  • 1954 – Frank Reed, American singer (Chi-Lites)
  • 1955 – Ron Brewer, American basketball player
  • 1955 – Janet Ellis, British television presenter
  • 1955 – Yolandita Monge, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1955 – Robin Yount, American baseball player
  • 1956 – David Copperfield, American magician
  • 1956 – Mickey Rourke, American actor
  • 1957 – David McCreery, Irish footballer
  • 1958 – Orel Hershiser, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Neville Southall, Welsh footballer
  • 1958 – Jennifer Tilly, American actress
  • 1959 – Tim Raines, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Danny John-Jules, British actor
  • 1960 – Kurt Busiek, American comic book writer
  • 1961 – Bilinda Butcher, British singer (My Bloody Valentine)
  • 1963 – Richard Marx, American singer
  • 1964 – Molly Shannon, American actress
  • 1964 – Mary Coustas, Austalian entertainer
  • 1964 – Rossy de Palma, Spanish actress
  • 1965 – Katy Kurtzman, American actress
  • 1968 – Marc Anthony, American singer
  • 1968 – Walt Becker, American director and writer
  • 1969 – Justine Frischmann, English musician ( Elastica)
  • 1970 – Mark Schultz, American musician
  • 1971 – Amy Poehler, American comedian (Saturday Night Live)
  • 1972 – Mark Bruener, American football player
  • 1973 – Alexander Vinokourov, Kazakh cyclist
  • 1973 – Justin Haythe, American writer
  • 1974 – Tom Dolan, American swimmer
  • 1975 – Shannon Noll, Australian singer and songwriter
  • 1976 – Tina Barrett, Former S Club 7 Member
  • 1976 – Greg Buckner, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Heather Hopper, American actress
  • 1977 – Greg Ball, American politician
  • 1978 – Dan Dickau, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Matthew Rogers, American singer
  • 1979 – Bobby Korecky, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Patrik Stefan, Czech hockey player
  • 1981 – Alexis Bledel, American actress (Gilmore Girls)
  • 1981 – Fan Bingbing, Chinese actress
  • 1982 – Leon Knight, English footballer
  • 1982 – Michael McCall, Irish chemist
  • 1984 – Katie Melua, Georgian-British singer
  • 1984 – Sabrina Bryan, American actress and singer
  • 1985 – Madeline Zima, American actress
  • 1986 – Kyla Pratt, American actress
  • 1987 – Anthony Padilla, American comedian and co-founder of Smosh
  • 1987 – Louis Clement Ngwat-Mahop, Cameroonian footballing legend
  • 1988 – Sarah Steele, American actress
  • 1988 – Teddy Geiger, American singer
  • 2005 – Princess Jalilah bint Ali, of Jordan

September 16 – Deaths:

  • 96 – Domitian, Roman Emperor (b. 51)
  • 307 – Flavius Valerius Severus, deposed Roman Emperor (murder)
  • 1087 – Pope Victor III (b. 1026)
  • 1100 – Bernold of Constance, German chronicler (b. 1054)
  • 1345 – John IV, Duke of Brittany (b. 1295)
  • 1380 – King Charles V of France (b. 1338)
  • 1394 – Avignon Pope Clement VII (b. 1342)
  • 1406 – Cyprian, Metropolitan of Moscow (b. 1336)
  • 1589 – Michael Baius, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
  • 1672 – Anne Bradstreet, American colonial poet (b. 1612)
  • 1701 – James II of England and VII of Scotland (b. 1633)
  • 1736 – Gabriel Fahrenheit, German physicist (b. 1686)
  • 1775 – Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst, English privy councillor (b. 1684)
  • 1782 – Farinelli, Italian castrato singer (b. 1705)
  • 1803 – Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (b. 1754)
  • 1824 – King Louis XVIII of France (b. 1755)
  • 1829 – Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman (b. 1771)
  • 1864 – John Hanning Speke, English explorer (b. 1827)
  • 1865 – Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (b. 1792)
  • 1898 – Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (b. 1827)
  • 1911 – Edward Whymper, English mountain climber (b. 1840)
  • 1925 – Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian physicist (b. 1888)
  • 1932 – Ronald Ross, English physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1857)
  • 1933 – George Gore, baseball player (b. 1857)
  • 1944 – Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
  • 1945 – John McCormack, Irish tenor (b. 1884)
  • 1950 – Pedro de Cordoba, American actor (b. 1881)
  • 1957 – Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (b. 1864)
  • 1965 – Ahn Eak-tai, Korean musician, composer, and conductor (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Irene Hayes, Ziegfeld girl and businesswoman (b. 1896)
  • 1977 – Marc Bolan, English musician (b. 1947)
  • 1977 – Maria Callas, Greek-American soprano (b. 1923)
  • 1980 – Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Howard Moss, American poet, dramatist, and critic (b. 1922)
  • 1992 – Millicent Fenwick, American politician and writer (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Rok Petrovic, Slovenian skier (b. 1966)
  • 1996 – McGeorge Bundy, U.S. National Security Advisor (b. 1919)
  • 1996 – Gene Nelson, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Georgiy Gongadze, Ukrainian journalist (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – Samuel Z. Arkoff, American film producer (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – James Gregory, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – Erich Hallhuber, German actor (b. 1951)
  • 2003 – Sheb Wooley, singer and actor (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Gordon Gould, inventor of the laser (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Rob Levin, creator of Freenode (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Floyd Curry, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Robert Jordan, author of the Wheel of Time series (b. 1948)

September 16 – Holidays:

  • In ancient Greece, the third day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, when the initiates walked to the sea at Phaleron and purified themselves in the water.
  • Mexico – Independence Day (from Spain; proclaimed 1810, recognized 1821, instituted 1825).
  • Papua New Guinea – Independence Day (from Australia, 1975).

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On This Day in History September 15

September 15 – Events:

  • 668 – Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
  • 921 – Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law at Tetin.
  • 1556 – Vlissingen ex-emperor Charles V returns to Spain.
  • 1584 – San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid is finished.
  • 1600 – Battle of Sekigahara
  • 1616 – The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy.
  • 1683 – Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded by 13 immigrant families.
  • 1762 – Battle of Signal Hill
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: British land at Kip’s Bay during the New York Campaign.
  • 1789 – The United States Department of State is established (formerly known as Department of Foreign Affairs).
  • 1812 – The French army under Napoleon reaches the Kremlin in Moscow.
  • 1820 – Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal; (see Portugal’s crises of the Nineteenth Century.
  • 1821 – Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica jointly declare independence from Spain.
  • 1830 – The Liverpool to Manchester railway line opens.
  • 1831 – The locomotive John Bull operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad.
  • 1835 – The HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin aboard, reaches the Galápagos Islands.
  • 1851 – Saint Joseph’s University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Confederate forces capture Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
  • 1873 – Franco-Prussian War: The last German troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity.
  • 1883 – The Bombay Natural History Society is founded in Bombay (now Mumbai), India.
  • 1894 – First Sino-Japanese War: Japan defeats China in the Battle of Pyongyang.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Battle of Aisne begins between Germany and France.
  • 1916 – World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme.
  • 1928 – Sir Alexander Fleming notices a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory, discovering what later became known as penicillin.
  • 1928 – Tich Freeman becomes the only bowler to take 300 wickets in an English cricket season.
  • 1931 – In Scotland, the two-day Invergordon Mutiny against Royal Navy pay cuts begins.
  • 1935 – Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of citizenship.
  • 1935 – Nazi Germany adopts a new national flag with the swastika.
  • 1940 – World War II: The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Royal Air Force shoot down large numbers of Luftwaffe.
  • 1941 – The U.S. Attorney General rules that the Neutrality Act is not violated when U.S. ships carry war materiel to British territories, opening the door for the Lend-Lease Act.
  • 1942 – World War II: The U.S. aircraft carrier USS Wasp is torpedoed at Guadalcanal.
  • 1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meet in Quebec as part of the Octagon Conference to discuss strategy.
  • 1945 – A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
  • 1947 – The U.S. Air Force is separated from the US Army to become a separate branch.
  • 1947 – RCA releases the 12AX7 vacuum tube.
  • 1948 – The F-86 Sabre sets the world aircraft speed record at 1080 km/h.
  • 1950 – Korean War: United States forces land at Incheon, Korea.
  • 1952 – United Nations gives Eritrea to Ethiopia.
  • 1957 – West Germany holds its third parliamentary election. Konrad Adenauer remains chancellor.
  • 1958 – A Central Railroad of New Jersey commuter train runs through an open drawbridge at the Newark Bay, killing 58.
  • 1959 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes the first Soviet leader to visit the United States.
  • 1961 – Hurricane Carla strikes Texas with winds of 175 miles per hour.
  • 1962 – The Soviet ship Poltava heads toward Cuba, one of the events that sets into motion the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • 1963 – The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing kills four children at a black church in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
  • 1968 – The Soviet Zond 5 spaceship is launched, becoming the first spacecraft to fly around the Moon and re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • 1972 – A magnitude 4.5 earthquake shakes Northern Illinois.
  • 1972 – An SAS domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm was hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport.
  • 1974 – Air Vietnam flight 727 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board.
  • 1975 – The French department of Corse (the entire island of Corsica) is divided into two: Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud.
  • 1981 – The United States Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O’Connor to become the first female justice on the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1981 – The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, DC.
  • 1981 – Vanuatu becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1983 – Israeli premier Menachem Begin resigns.
  • 1987 – U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze sign a treaty to establish centers to reduce the risk of nuclear war.
  • 1989 – The U.S. Congress recognizes Terry Anderson’s continued captivity in Beirut.
  • 1990 – France announces it will send 4,000 troops to the Persian Gulf
  • 1993 – Liechtenstein Prince Hans-Adam II disbands parliament.
  • 2004 – NHL commissioner Gary Bettman announced a lockout of the players union and cessation of operations by the NHL head office.
  • 2007 – Over 3000 Taiwanese Americans and their supporters rallied in front of UN in New York City to demonstrate the dedication that UN should accept Taiwan. At the same time, over 300,000 Taiwanese people rally in Taiwan to make the same plea.

September 15 – Birthdays:

  • 973 – Al-Biruni, mathematician (d. 1048)
  • 1254 – Marco Polo, Italian explorer (d. 1324)
  • 1533 – Catherine of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1572)
  • 1580 – Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (d. 1659)
  • 1613 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (d. 1680)
  • 1649 – Titus Oates, English minister and plotter (d. 1705)
  • 1666 – Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle (d. 1726)
  • 1715 – Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, French artillery specialist (d. 1789)
  • 1789 – James Fenimore Cooper, American novelist (d. 1851)
  • 1828 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Butlerov, Russian chemist (d. 1886)
  • 1830 – Porfirio Díaz, President of Mexico (d. 1915)
  • 1852 – Edward Bouchet, American physicist (d. 1918)
  • 1857 – William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (d. 1930)
  • 1858 – Jeno Hubay, Hungarian violinist (d. 1937)
  • 1860 – Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, Indian engineer (d. 1962)
  • 1863 – Horatio Parker, American composer (d. 1919)
  • 1867 – Vladimir May-Mayevsky, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1920)
  • 1876 – Bruno Walter, German conductor (d. 1962)
  • 1876 – Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1877 – Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (d. 1938)
  • 1879 – Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)
  • 1881 – Ettore Bugatti, Italian automobile engineer and designer (d. 1947)
  • 1883 – Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician and engineer (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – Carlos Dávila, former President of Chile (d. 1955)
  • 1888 – Antonio Ascari, Italian racing driver (d. 1925)
  • 1889 – Robert Benchley, American author (d. 1945)
  • 1890 – Agatha Christie, English writer (d. 1976)
  • 1890 – Frank Martin, Swiss composer (d. 1974)
  • 1892 – Silpa Bhirasri, Italian sculptor (d. 1962)
  • 1894 – Jean Renoir, French film director (d. 1979)
  • 1894 – Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (d. 1977)
  • 1898 – J. Slauerhoff, Dutch poet and novelist (d. 1936)
  • 1901 – Sir Donald Bailey, British engineer (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Roy Acuff, American country musician (d. 1992)
  • 1904 – King Umberto II of Italy (d. 1983)
  • 1906 – Jacques Becker, French screenwriter and director (d. 1960)
  • 1907 – Gunnar Ekelöf, Swedish poet and writer (d. 1968)
  • 1907 – Fay Wray, Canadian-born American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Penny Singleton, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1909 – C.N.Annadurai, Former Chief Minnister of Tamilnadu
  • 1911 – Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-born American golf entrepreneur (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – John N. Mitchell, United States Attorney General and Watergate figure (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Johannes Steinhoff, German fighter pilot & NATO commander (d.1994)
  • 1914 – Creighton Abrams, American Army general (d. 1974)
  • 1914 – Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • 1915 – Albert Whitlock, English motion picture matte artist (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Margaret Lockwood, English actress (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1919 – Fausto Coppi, Italian racing cyclist (d. 1960)
  • 1919 – Nelson Gidding, American screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Norma MacMillan, Canadian actress (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Jackie Cooper, American actor and director
  • 1922 – Bob Anderson (fencer), English sword-master
  • 1923 – Anton Heiller, Austrian organist (d. 1979)
  • 1924 – Bobby Short, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician
  • 1926 – Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Cannonball Adderley, American saxophonist and bandleader (d. 1975)
  • 1929 – Eva Burrows, the 13th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1929 – Murray Gell-Mann, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Henry Darrow, American actor
  • 1933 – Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Spanish conductor
  • 1934 – Fred Nile, Australian politician
  • 1937 – Robert Lucas, Jr., American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 – Fernando de la Rúa, 51st President of Argentina
  • 1938 – Gaylord Perry, baseball player
  • 1940 – Merlin Olsen, American football player and actor
  • 1940 – Norman Spinrad, American science fiction author
  • 1941 – Flórián Albert, Hungarian footballer
  • 1941 – Signe Toly Anderson, American singer
  • 1941 – Miroslaw Hermaszewski, Polish cosmonaut
  • 1941 – Yuri Norstein, Russian animator
  • 1941 – Viktor Zubkov, Russian government official
  • 1942 – Lee Dorman, American Bassist
  • 1944 – Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician
  • 1945 – Carmen Maura, Spanish actress
  • 1945 – Jessye Norman, American opera singer
  • 1945 – Ron Shelton, American film director
  • 1946 – Tommy Lee Jones, American actor
  • 1946 – Oliver Stone, American film director
  • 1946 – Howard Waldrop, American science fiction author
  • 1948 – Suzyn Waldman, American Sportscaster
  • 1949 – Joe Barton, American politician
  • 1951 – Pete Carroll, American football coach
  • 1951 – Johan Neeskens, Dutch footballer
  • 1954 – Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (d. 2007)
  • 1955 – Željka Antunovic, Croatian politician
  • 1955 – Theodore Long, American professional wrestling executive
  • 1956 – Jaki Graham, English singer
  • 1956 – Maggie Reilly, Scottish folk singer
  • 1958 – Dr. Know, American guitarist (Bad Brains)
  • 1958 – Joel Quenneville, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1958 – Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1960 – Kevin Allen, Welsh actor
  • 1961 – Terry Lamb, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1961 – Dan Marino, American football player
  • 1964 – Róbert Fico, Slovak Prime minister
  • 1964 – Doyle Wolfgang von Frankenstein, former guitarrist for horror punk band The Misfits
  • 1968 – Danny Nucci, American actor
  • 1969 – Jim Curtiss, American writer
  • 1971 – Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1971 – Josh Charles, American actor
  • 1971 – Ben Wallers, English musician and songwriter (Country Teasers)
  • 1972 – Jimmy Carr, English comedian
  • 1972 – Kit Chan, Singaporean singer
  • 1972 – Princess Letizia of Spain
  • 1973 – Julie Cox, English actress
  • 1975 – Jamie Stevens, German singer
  • 1976 – Paul Thomson, Scottish drummer (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1976 – Matt Thornton, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Angela Aki, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Sophie Dahl, English model
  • 1977 – Leander Jordan, National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1977 – Marisa Ramirez, American actress
  • 1977 – Jason Terry, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Tom Hardy, British actor
  • 1978 – Eiður Guðjohnsen, Icelandic footballer
  • 1979 – Dave Annable, American actor
  • 1979 – Amy Davidson, American actress
  • 1979 – Carlos Ruiz, Guatemalan soccer player
  • 1979 – Patrick Marleau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – David Diehl, American football player
  • 1980 – Jolin Tsai, Taiwanese pop singer
  • 1980 – Mike Dunleavy, Jr., American basketball player
  • 1983 – Luke Hochevar, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Prince Henry of Wales
  • 1986 – Heidi Montag, American reality television star

September 15 – Deaths:

  • 668 – Constans II, Byzantine emperor (b. 630)
  • 866 – Robert the Strong, Margrave of Neustria
  • 1231 – Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1173)
  • 1352 – Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (b. 1273)
  • 1500 – John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1596 – Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535 or 1540)
  • 1613 – Thomas Overbury, English writer (b. 1581)
  • 1643 – Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (b. 1566)
  • 1649 – John Floyd, English Jesuit preacher (b. 1572)
  • 1700 – André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (b. 1613)
  • 1701 – Edmé Boursault, French writer (b. 1638)
  • 1707 – George Stepney, English poet and diplomat (b. 1663)
  • 1712 – Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, English politician
  • 1750 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1690)
  • 1794 – Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1725)
  • 1803 – Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1719)
  • 1830 – William Huskisson, first rail fatality (b. 1770)
  • 1835 – Sarah Knox Taylor, wife of Jefferson Davis (b. 1814)
  • 1842 – Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (b. 1771)
  • 1859 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (b. 1806)
  • 1864 – John Hanning Speke, British explorer (b. 1827)
  • 1883 – Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (b. 1801)
  • 1885 – Jumbo, P. T. Barnum’s circus elephant (hit by a train)
  • 1893 – Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • 1921 – Roman Ungern von Sternberg, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1886)
  • 1926 – Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
  • 1930 – Milton Sills, American actor (b. 1882)
  • 1945 – André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)
  • 1945 – Anton Webern, Austrian composer (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Steve Brown, American musician (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1887)
  • 1973 – Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (b. 1882)
  • 1973 – Victor Jara, Chilean musician (b. 1941)
  • 1978 – Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (b. 1898)
  • 1978 – Robert Cliche, French Canadian politician and judge (b. 1921)
  • 1980 – Bill Evans, American jazz pianist (b. 1929)
  • 1983 – Prince Far I, reggae toaster and producer
  • 1985 – Cootie Williams, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Steven Tuomi, murder victim of Jeffery Dahmer (b. 1963)
  • 1989 – Robert Penn Warren, American writer (b. 1905)
  • 1991 – John Hoyt, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1993 – Ethan Allen, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Harry Calder, South African cricketer (b. 1901)
  • 2000 – Vincent Canby, American movie critic (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Jack Brymer, English clarinetist (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Josef Hirsal, Czech novelist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Johnny Ramone, American guitarist (The Ramones) (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Walter Stewart, Canadian journalist (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Sidney Luft, American film director (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Raymond Baxter, British television presenter (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and writer (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Pablo Santos, Mexican actor (b. 1987)
  • 2006 – Rob Levin, Freenode IRC Network Founder (b. 1955)
  • 2007 – Colin McRae, Scottish rally driver (b. 1968)
  • 2007 – Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan musician (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Brett Somers, Canadian-born American actress and Match Game panelist (b. 1924)

September 15 – Holidays:

  • International Day of Democracy.
  • In ancient Greece, the second day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, when the priests of Demeter declared the public start of the rites.
  • The United Kingdom – the British commemorate the Battle of Britain on the day of the last massive Luftwaffe attack in 1940.
  • Thailand – Silpa Bhirasri Day.
  • In India Engineer’s Day celebrated on birthday of Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya.
  • Slovenia – Restoration of Primorska to the Motherland Day

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On This Day in History September 14

September 14 – Events:

  • 786 – Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi.
  • 1180 – Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan.
  • 1607 – Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland.
  • 1682 – Bishop Gore School one of the oldest schools in Wales founded.
  • 1752 – The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).
  • 1812 – French grenadiers enter Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.
  • 1814 – Francis Scott Key writes “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
  • 1829 – Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo- Turkish War.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: Winfield Scott captures Mexico City.
  • 1862 – Civil War Maryland Campaign Battle of South Mountain is fought.
  • 1886 – Typewriter ribbon patented.
  • 1901 – President of the United States William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6th, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt.
  • 1917 – Russia is officially proclaimed a republic.
  • 1923 – Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain.
  • 1944 – United States Marines land on the island of Peleliu.
  • 1944 – Maastricht becomes the first Dutch city that is liberated by allied forces.
  • 1948 – Groundbreaking for the United Nations headquarters in New York City.
  • 1958 – Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1959 – The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.
  • 1960 – The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.
  • 1964 – The opening of the third period of the Second Vatican Council.
  • 1965 – The opening of the fourth and final period of Second Vatican Council.
  • 1975 – The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, is canonized by Pope Paul VI.
  • 1982 – President-elect of Lebanon, Bachir Gemayel, is assassinated.
  • 1984 – Joe Kittinger becomes the first person to fly a hot air balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1987 – ITV Schools was broadcast on Channel 4 for the very first time.
  • 1987 – The Toronto Blue Jays set a major league record for most home runs in a single game – 10 – versus the Baltimore Orioles at Exhibition Stadium, and the teams combined to tie the record for most homers by two teams – 11. The game also marked the end of Cal Ripken’s streak of 8,243 consecutive innings played, which is believed to be the longest, although this is not a record officially kept by MLB.
  • 1990 – Ken Griffey and his son Ken Jr. become the first father-son duo to hit back-to-back home runs.
  • 1994 – The Major League Baseball season is canceled because of a strike.
  • 1995 – Body Worlds opens in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1998 – Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.
  • 1999 – Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.
  • 2000 – Microsoft introduced the last update to the OS, MS-DOS. (Version 8.0)
  • 2000 – Windows Me is released.
  • 2001 – Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation’s capital.
  • 2003 – In a referendum, Sweden rejects adopting the euro.
  • 2003 – Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum.
  • 2007 – Restrictions on the traditional Latin Mass are officially removed in the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Benedict XVI’s motu proprio Summorum Pontificum takes effect.

September 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1169 – Alexios II Komnenos (d. 1183) Byzantine emperor
  • 1388 – Claudius Clavus, Danish geographer
  • 1486 – Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, German alchemist (d. 1535)
  • 1543 – Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (d. 1615)
  • 1547 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch statesman (d. 1619)
  • 1656 – Thomas Baker, British antiquarian (d. 1746)
  • 1713 – Johann Kies, German mathematician (d. 1781)
  • 1721 – Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (d. 1807)
  • 1737 – Michael Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1806)
  • 1760 – Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (d. 1842)
  • 1769 – Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer (d. 1859)
  • 1771 – Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman (d. 1829)
  • 1804 – John Gould, British ornithologist (d. 1881)
  • 1804 – Louis Desiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate (d. 1882)
  • 1837 – Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (d. 1903)
  • 1849 – Ivan Pavlov, Russian scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1936)
  • 1860 – Hamlin Garland, American writer (d. 1940)
  • 1864 – Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British politician and diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1958)
  • 1867 – Charles Dana Gibson, American artist (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Kid Nichols, baseball player (d. 1953)
  • 1879 – Margaret Sanger, American birth control advocate (d. 1966)
  • 1880 – Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Orthodox missionary and writer, Exarch of Russian Church in North America (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Archie Hahn, American athlete (d. 1955)
  • 1886 – Jan Masaryk, Czech foreign minister and diplomat (d. 1948)
  • 1889 – Maria Capovilla, previous oldest living person (d. 2006)
  • 1891 – Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (d. 1983)
  • 1894 – Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, Bengali Novelist (d. 1950)
  • 1898 – Ernest Nash, German-born archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Giorgos Papasideris Greek musician (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Peter Scott, British naturalist, artist, and explorer (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Jack Hawkins, British actor (d. 1973)
  • 1910 – Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (d. 1971)
  • 1914 – Lída Baarová, Czech actress (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Clayton Moore, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Kay Medford, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – John Heyer, Australian documentary filmmaker (d. 2001}
  • 1918 – Georges Berger, Belgian racing driver (d. 1967)
  • 1920 – Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan writer
  • 1920 – Lawrence Klein, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1920 – Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Dario Vittori, Argentinian actor (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Michel Auclair, French actor (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and noted author (d. 1994)
  • 1926 – Michel Butor, French novelist
  • 1927 – Martin Caidin, American writer noted for his focus on aviation (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Larry Collins, American writer (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Maurice Vachon, French Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1930 – Allan Bloom, American academic (d. 1992)
  • 1932 – Harry Sinden, National Hockey League executive
  • 1932 – John Tembo, Malawian politician
  • 1933 – Harve Presnell, American actor
  • 1934 – Sarah Kofman, French philosopher
  • 1934 – Kate Millett, American feminist writer
  • 1936 – Walter Koenig, American actor (Star Trek)
  • 1936 – Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1936 – Harry Danielsen, Norwegian politician
  • 1937 – Renzo Piano, Italian architect
  • 1938 – Nicol Williamson, Scottish-born actor
  • 1940 – Larry Brown, American basketball coach
  • 1941 – Alberto Naranjo, Venezuelan musician
  • 1942 – Bernard MacLaverty, Northern Irish writer
  • 1944 – Joey Heatherton, American actress and singer
  • 1945 – Martin Tyler, British sports broadcaster
  • 1947 – Jon “Bowzer” Bauman, “Bowzer” singer in musical group “Sha Na Na”
  • 1947 – Sam Neill, New Zealand actor
  • 1949 – Tommy Seebach, Danish musician (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer
  • 1949 – Steve Gaines, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977)
  • 1949 – Ed King, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
  • 1950 – Paul Kossoff, British guitarist (Free) (d. 1976)
  • 1950 – Masami Kuwashima, Japanese Formula One driver
  • 1950 – Michael Nifong, North Carolina district attorney
  • 1953 – Tom Cora, American cellist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Judy Playfair, Australian swimmer
  • 1956 – Kostas Karamanlis, Greek prime-minister
  • 1956 – Ray Wilkins, English former footballer
  • 1956 – Lefteris Zagoritis, Greek politician
  • 1957 – Tim Wallach, Major League Baseball player
  • 1957 – Kepler Wessels, South African cricketer
  • 1959 – Morten Harket, Norwegian singer (a-ha)
  • 1960 – Melissa Leo, American actress
  • 1960 – Callum Keith Rennie, Canadian actor
  • 1963 – Robin Singh, Indian cricketer
  • 1964 – Faith Ford, American actress
  • 1965 – Michelle Stafford, American actress
  • 1965 – Dmitry Medvedev, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1966 – Mike Cooley, American guitarist
  • 1967 – Dan Cortese, American actor
  • 1969 – Konstantinos Koukodimos, Greek long jumper and politician
  • 1970 – Ben Garant, American actor
  • 1970 – Craig Montoya, American musician (Everclear)
  • 1970 – Francesco Casagrande, Italian cyclist
  • 1971 – Jeff Loomis, American guitarist (Lead guitarist for Nevermore)
  • 1971 – Andre Matos, Brazilian musician
  • 1971 – Kimberly Williams, American actress
  • 1972 – David Bell, baseball player
  • 1973 – Terrell Fletcher, former National Football League player
  • 1973 – Nas, American rapper
  • 1973 – Linvoy Primus, English footballer
  • 1974 – Chad Bradford, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1974 – Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete
  • 1976 – Jeremy Dunham, video game journalist
  • 1976 – Agustín Calleri, Argentine tennis player
  • 1978 – Carmen Kass, Estonian model
  • 1978 – Danielle Peck, country music singer
  • 1978 – Ben Cohen, English rugby union footballer
  • 1979 – Jesse Marunde, American Strongman/Athlete
  • 1980 – Phillip Tobias, American illustrator and musician
  • 1981 – Miyavi, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1982 – Hiroki Narimiya, Japanese actor
  • 1983 – Amy Winehouse, English singer
  • 1983 – Frostee Rucker, National Football League defensive end
  • 1984 – Adam Lamberg, American actor
  • 1984 – Melissa McGhee, American singer
  • 1985 – Paolo Gregoletto, American bassist (Trivium)
  • 1985 – Aya Ueto, Japanese actress idol and singer
  • 1985 – Delmon Young, Major League Baseball player
  • 1986 – Ai Takahashi, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1986 – A.J. Trauth, American actor
  • 1986 – Alan Sheehan, Irish footballer
  • 1989 – Jesse James, American actor

September 14 – Deaths:

  • 258 – Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage
  • 585 – Emperor Bidatsu of Japan (b. 538)
  • 775 – Constantine V, Byzantine Emperor (b. 718)
  • 786 – Al-Hadi, Abbasid caliph
  • 891 – Pope Stephen V
  • 1146 – Zengi, ruler of Syria (b. 1087)
  • 1164 – Emperor Sutoku of Japan (b. 1119)
  • 1214 – Albert Avogadro, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem (b. 1149)
  • 1321 – Dante Alighieri, Italian author (b. 1265)
  • 1404 – Albert IV of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1435 – John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (b. 1389)
  • 1523 – Pope Adrian VI (b. 1459)
  • 1538 – Henry III of Nassau-Breda, German nobleman (b. 1483)
  • 1605 – Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
  • 1638 – John Harvard, American clergyman (b. 1607)
  • 1646 – Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (b. 1591)
  • 1712 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-born astronomer (b. 1625)
  • 1743 – Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • 1749 – Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (b. 1675)
  • 1759 – Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (b. 1712)
  • 1807 – George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
  • 1836 – Aaron Burr, Vice President of the United States (b. 1756)
  • 1851 – James Fenimore Cooper, American author (b. 1789)
  • 1852 – Augustus Pugin, English architect (b. 1812)
  • 1852 – Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, British general and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1879 – Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist (b. 1808)
  • 1898 – William Seward Burroughs, American inventor (b. 1857)
  • 1901 – William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (b. 1843)
  • 1905 – Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà), explorer (b. 1852)
  • 1910 – Huo Yuan Jia, Chinese martial artist
  • 1927 – Isadora Duncan, American dancer (b. 1877)
  • 1936 – Irving Thalberg, American film producer (b. 1899)
  • 1937 – Tomáš Masaryk, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1850)
  • 1942 – Ezra Seymour Gosney, American eugenicist (b. 1855)
  • 1951 – Fritz Busch, German conductor (b. 1890)
  • 1959 – Wayne Morris, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1960 – M. Karagatsis, Greek author (b. 1908)
  • 1965 – J.W. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1891)
  • 1966 – Gertrude Berg, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – Warren Hull, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1975 – Walter Herbert, German-born conductor and impresario (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Furry Lewis, American blues guitarist (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Bachir Gemayel, President-elect of Lebanon,assassinated (b. 1947)
  • 1982 – John Gardner, American novelist (b. 1933)
  • 1982 – Grace Kelly, American actress, Princess of Monaco (b. 1929)
  • 1982 – Christian Ferras, French violinist (b. 1933)
  • 1984 – Janet Gaynor, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Julie Bovasso, American actor and writer (b. 1930)
  • 1991 – Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author and managing editor of Harper’s Magazine (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Maurice K. Goddard – the “father” of Pennsylvania state parks
  • 1996 – Juliet Prowse, British actress and dancer (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Charles Crichton, English film director (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Beah Richards, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer (b. 1931)
  • 2003 – John Serry, Sr., American musician, (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – William Berenberg, American physician (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Robert Wise, American filmmaker (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Vladimir Volkoff, French writer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian-born actor and bodybuilder (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Esme Melville, Australian actress (b. 1918)

September 14 – Holidays:

  • In ancient Greece, the first day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, during which the sacred objects were brought from Eleusis to Athens.

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