On This Day in History October 14

October 14 – Events:

  • 1066 – Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings – In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the forces of William the Conqueror defeat the Saxon army and kill King Harold II of England.
  • 1322 – Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1586 – Mary I of Scotland goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1656 – Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the ritual-free Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.
  • 1758 – Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirk
  • 1773 – The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • 1773 – American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom’s East India Company tea ships’ cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1789 – George Washington proclaims the first Thanksgiving Day.
  • 1805 – Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
  • 1806 – Battle of Jena-Auerstädt France defeats Prussia
  • 1812 – Work on London’s Regent’s Canal starts.
  • 1834 – In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
  • 1840 – Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.
  • 1843 – The British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O’Connell for conspiracy.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Bristoe Station – Confederate General Robert E. Lee forces fail to drive the Union Army out of Virginia.
  • 1867 – The 15th and last Shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate resigns in Japan.
  • 1882 – University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.
  • 1884 – George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film.
  • 1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
  • 1910 – English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman biplane on Executive Avenue (now Pennsylvania Avenue) near the White House.
  • 1912 – While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt still delivers his scheduled speech.
  • 1913 – Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom’s worst coal mining accident, which claimed 439 lives.
  • 1916 – Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
  • 1916 – The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • 1920 – Part of Petsamo province is ceded by Soviet Union to Finland.
  • 1925 – Anti-French uprising in Damascus (French inhabitants flee)
  • 1926 – The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A.A. Milne, is first published.
  • 1933 – Nazi Germany withdraws from The League of Nations.
  • 1939 – German U-Boat U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak.
  • 1942 – A German U-boat sinks the ferry SS Caribou, killing 137.
  • 1943 – Prisoners at the Sobibor death camp in Poland revolt, resulting in the death of 11 SS. About half of the camp’s 600 prisoners escape; about 50 survive the war.
  • 1943 – U.S. 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17 Flying Fortresses during an assault on Schweinfurt.
  • 1944 – Allied troops land in Corfu.
  • 1947 – Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 faster than the speed of sound, the first man to do so in level flight.
  • 1949 – Eleven leaders of the U.S. Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government.
  • 1949 – Chinese Red Army occupies Canton (Guangzhou).
  • 1957 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.
  • 1958 – The U.S. conducts an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site.
  • 1958 – The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U-2 flight over Cuba takes photos of Soviet nuclear weapons being installed.
  • 1964 – Leonid Brezhnev becomes general secretary of the CPSU and leader of the Soviet Union, ousting Nikita Khrushchev.
  • 1964 – American civil rights movement leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1966 – The city of Montreal inaugurates the Montreal Metro.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: Folk singer Joan Baez is arrested in a blockade of the military induction center in Oakland, California.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: 27 soldiers are arrested at the Presidio in San Francisco for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will be sending about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
  • 1968 – First live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft Apollo 7.
  • 1968 – A 6.8 earthquake wrecked the Australian town of Meckering, and also ruptured all major roads and railways nearby.
  • 1968 – Jim Hines of the USA becomes the first man ever to break the ten second barrier in the 100 metres Olympic final at Mexico City with a time of 9.95 sec. He would be the only man to do so until 1983.
  • 1968 – The rebuilt Euston station in London is opened.
  • 1969 – The United Kingdom introduces the 50p (fifty-pence) coin, replacing the ten shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalisation of the currency in 1971.
  • 1973 – Thailand’s University Students protest for a democratic government; 77 are killed and 857 injured.
  • 1979 – The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C. demands “an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people,” draws 200,000 people.
  • 1981 – Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges the U.S. government with holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner.
  • 1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt one week after Anwar Sadat was assassinated.
  • 1982 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
  • 1994 – Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1996 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 40.62 to 6,010.00, closing above 6,000 for the first time ever. 1998 – Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with 6 bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.

October 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1257 – King Przemysl II of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1404 – Marie of Anjou, queen of France (d. 1463)
  • 1493 – Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
  • 1499 – Claude of France, wife of Louis XII of France (d. 1524)
  • 1630 – Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony (d. 1714)
  • 1633 – James II of England and VII of Scotland (d. 1701)
  • 1643 – Bahadur Shah I, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1712)
  • 1644 – William Penn, English founder of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
  • 1687 – Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1712 – George Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1770)
  • 1726 – Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician (d. 1813)
  • 1733 – François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
  • 1784 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1801 – Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (d. 1883)
  • 1806 – Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (d. 1865)
  • 1842 – Joe Start, American baseball player (d. 1927)
  • 1861 – Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Joseph Duveen, British art dealer (d. 1939)
  • 1873 – Ray Ewry, American athlete (d. 1937)
  • 1873 – Jules Rimet, president of FIFA (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Eamon de Valera, Irish politician and patriot (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Charlie Parker, English cricketer (d. 1959)
  • 1887 – Bernard Montgomery, British General. (d. 1976)
  • 1888 – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand writer (d. 1923)
  • 1890 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. general and 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
  • 1892 – Sumner Welles, American diplomat (d. 1961)
  • 1893 – Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1894 – E. E. Cummings, American poet (d. 1962)
  • 1900 – Agustín Lara, Mexican composer (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist (d. 1963)
  • 1904 – Christian Pineau, French World War II resistance fighter (d. 1995)
  • 1906 – Hannah Arendt, German political theorist and writer (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Imam Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1908 – Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Allan Jones, American actor and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German racecar driver (d. 1938)
  • 1909 – Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – John Wooden, American basketball player and coach
  • 1914 – Raymond Davis Jr., American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Harry Brecheen, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – C. Everett Koop, United States Surgeon General
  • 1918 – Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician (d. 1991)
  • 1926 – Bill Justis, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Roger Moore, English actor
  • 1928 – Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Yvon Durelle, Canadian boxer (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Mobutu Sese Seko, President of Zaire (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Nikhil Banerjee, Indian classical musician (d. 1986)
  • 1932 – Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Enrico di Giuseppe, American tenor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – La Monte Young, American composer
  • 1938 – John W. Dean III, Watergate figure
  • 1938 – Empress Farah Diba of Iran
  • 1938 – Ron Lancaster, American-born Canadian football player and coach
  • 1939 – Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer
  • 1939 – Rocky Thompson, American golfer
  • 1940 – Perrie Mans, South African snooker player
  • 1940 – Cliff Richard, English singer
  • 1940 – Christopher Timothy, British actor
  • 1941 – Art Shamsky, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer, and civil servant (d. 1986)
  • 1944 – Udo Kier, German actor
  • 1945 – Colin Hodgkinson, English musician (Whitesnake)
  • 1946 – Justin Hayward, English musician (Moody Blues)
  • 1946 – James Robert “Radio” Kennedy, American football coach
  • 1946 – Craig Venter, American biologist
  • 1946 – Al Oliver, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Dan McCafferty, Scottish musician (Nazareth)
  • 1947 – Lukas Resetarits, Austrian cabaret artist
  • 1948 – Harry Anderson, American actor
  • 1948 – David Ruprecht, American game show host
  • 1948 – Engin Arik, Turkish nuclear physicist (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – Katy Manning, English/Australian actress
  • 1949 – Katha Pollitt, American writer
  • 1952 – Nikolai Andrianov, Soviet gymnast
  • 1953 – Shelley Ackerman, American astrologer, writer, singer
  • 1954 – Carole Malone, English newspaper columnist
  • 1957 – Michel Després, Quebec politician
  • 1958 – Thomas Dolby, English musician
  • 1960 – Steve Cram, English athlete
  • 1961 – Isaac Mizrahi American fashion designer
  • 1962 – Jaan Ehlvest, Estonian chess player
  • 1963 – Yim Jae-beom, South Korean singer
  • 1963 – Lori Petty, American actress
  • 1964 – Olu Oguibe, American artist
  • 1964 – Joe Girardi, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Jim Rome, American sport talk show host
  • 1965 – Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower
  • 1965 – Constantine Koukias, Australian composer
  • 1965 – Steve Coogan, English actor
  • 1965 – Karyn White, American singer
  • 1967 – Pat Kelly, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Sylvain Lefebvre, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Stephen A. Smith, American sports journalist
  • 1968 – Matthew Le Tissier, English footballer
  • 1968 – Johnny Goudie, American musician
  • 1969 – David Strickland, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1969 – P. J. Brown, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Jim Jackson, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Daniela Peštová, Czech supermodel
  • 1970 – Jon Seda, Puerto Rican actor
  • 1971 – Jorge Costa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1971 – Antonios Nikopolidis, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Natalie Maines, American musician (Dixie Chicks)
  • 1974 – Jessica Drake, American porn star
  • 1974 – Joseph Utsler, American musician
  • 1975 – Floyd Landis, American cyclist
  • 1975 – Shaznay Lewis, English singer (All Saints)
  • 1976 – Nataša Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer
  • 1976 – Henry Mateo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Ben Pridmore, World Memory Champion
  • 1977 – Kelly Schumacher, Canadian basketball player
  • 1977 – Bianca Beauchamp, adult model
  • 1977 – Jonathan Kerrigan, English actor
  • 1977 – Tina Dico, Danish singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Justin Brannan, American musician, writer
  • 1978 – Ryan Church, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Paul Hunter, English snooker player (d. 2006)
  • 1978 – Steven Thompson, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Usher, American singer and actor
  • 1978 – Javon Walker, American football player
  • 1979 – Stacy Keibler, American actress / ex-professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Terrence McGee, American football player
  • 1980 – Paul Ambrosi, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Daniela Peštová , Czech model
  • 1980 – Niels Lodberg, Danish footballer
  • 1981 – Boof Bonser, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Vanessa Lane, American porn star
  • 1983 – Lin Dan, Chinese badminton player
  • 1984 – LaRon Landry, American football player
  • 1985 – Digão, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Daniel Clark, Canadian actor
  • 1985 – Sherlyn González, Mexican actress
  • 1985 – Alexandre Sarnes Negrão, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1986 – Tom Craddock, English footballer
  • 1986 – Skyler Shaye, American actress
  • 1988 – MacKenzie Mauzy, American actress
  • 1988 – Max Thieriot, American actor
  • 1992 – Aaron Hughes, Australian Pornstar

October 14 – Deaths:

  • 1066 – Harold Godwinson, King of England
  • 1092 – Nizam al-Mulk, Persian vizier (b. 1018)
  • 1256 – Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (b. 1239)
  • 1318 – Edward Bruce, High King of Ireland
  • 1552 – Oswald Myconius, Swiss Protestant reformer (b. 1488)
  • 1565 – Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (b. 1521)
  • 1568 – Jacques Arcadelt, Flemish composer
  • 1610 – Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1540)
  • 1619 – Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
  • 1637 – Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (b. 1552)
  • 1660 – Thomas Harrison, English Puritan soldier (b. 1606)
  • 1669 – Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (b. 1623)
  • 1703 – Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish poet (b. 1634)
  • 1711 – Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1708)
  • 1758 – Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
  • 1831 – Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
  • 1911 – John Marshall Harlan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1833)
  • 1944 – Erwin Rommel, German field marshall (b. 1891)
  • 1958 – Douglas Mawson, Australian Antarctic explorer (b. 1882)
  • 1959 – Errol Flynn, Australian actor (b. 1909)
  • 1960 – Abram Ioffe, Russian physicist (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Paul Ramadier, French politician (b. 1888)
  • 1961 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (b. 1876)
  • 1967 – Marcel Aymé, French novelist and playwright (b. 1902)
  • 1973 – Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Dame Edith Evans, English actress (b. 1888)
  • 1977 – Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1983 – Willard Price, Canadian author and naturalist
  • 1984 – Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (b. 1918)
  • 1985 – Emil Gilels, Ukrainian pianist (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Leonard Bernstein, American composer and conductor (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Harold Robbins, American novelist (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Cleveland Amory, American writer and animal rights activist (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Frankie Yankovic, American musician (b. 1916)
  • 1999 – Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Norbert Schultze, American composer and songwriter (Lili Marleen) (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – Patrick Dalzel-Job, English soldier and inspiration for James Bond (b. 1913)
  • 2004 – Vlassis Bonatsos, Greek singer, actor and entertainer (b. 1949)
  • 2005 – Jody Dobrowski, English murder victim (b. 1981)
  • 2006 – Freddy Fender, American musician (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Jared Anderson, American death metal bassist (b. 1975)
  • 2006 – Gerry Studds, Democratic Congressman from Massachusetts (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Big Moe, Houston Rapper (b. 1974)

October 14 – Holidays:

  • Teachers’ Day, or National Education Day in Poland
  • French Republican Calendar – Navet (Turnip) Day, twenty-third day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • Chisinau’s (Republic of Moldova’s capital) – national holiday (known as “Hramul Orasului” by locals).

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On This Day in History October 13

October 13 – Events:

  • 54 – Nero ascends to the Roman throne
  • 409 – Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appeared in Hispania.
  • 1282 – Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies. His ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.
  • 1307 – Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are simultaneously arrested by agents of Phillip the Fair, to be later tortured into “admitting” heresy.
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus and his crew land in the Bahamas
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1773 – The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier
  • 1775 – The United States Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the United States Navy).
  • 1792 – In Washington, D.C., the cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the White House since 1818) is laid.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: Battle of Queenston Heights – As part of the Niagara campaign in Ontario, Canada, United States forces under General Stephen Van Rensselaer are repulsed from invading Canada by British and native troops led by Sir Isaac Brock.
  • 1843 – In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B’nai B’rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).
  • 1845 – A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution, that if accepted by the U.S. Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state.
  • 1870 – The Kappa Kappa Gamma fraternity is founded at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois, by six pioneering women.
  • 1871 – The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • 1881 – Revival of the Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations.
  • 1885 – The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1884 – Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude.
  • 1890 – The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • 1892 – Edward Emerson Barnard discovers D/1892 T1 (Barnard 3), the first comet  discovered by photographic means, on the night of October 13-14.
  • 1917 – The “Miracle of the Sun” is witnessed by an estimated 70,000 people in the Cova da Iria in Fátima, Portugal.
  • 1918 – Mehmed Talat Pasha and the Young Turk (C.U.P.) ministry resign and sign an armistice, ending Ottoman participation in World War I.
  • 1923 – Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey.
  • 1943 – World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: Riga, the capital of Latvia is seized by the Red Army.
  • 1946 – France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.
  • 1958 – Burial of Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII on the 41st anniversary of  the “Miracle of the Sun”.
  • 1960 – 1960 World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates second baseman Bill Mazeroski becomes the first person to end a World Series with a home run, as the Pirates beat the New York Yankees, four games to three.
  • 1967 – The first game in the history of the American Basketball Association is played as the Anaheim Amigos lose to the Oakland Oaks 134-129 in Oakland, California.
  • 1971 – 1971 World Series: The first night game in World Series history is played at Pittsburgh’s Three Rivers Stadium between the Baltimore Orioles and Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 1972 – An Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62 crashed outside Moscow killing 176.
  • 1972 – Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes mountains, in between the borders of Argentina and Chile. By December 23, 1972 only 16 out of 45 people lived long enough to be rescued.
  • 1976 – A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground).
  • 1976 – The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, who was then working at the C.D.C..
  • 1977 – Four Palestinians hijack Lufthansa Flight 181 to Somalia and demand release of 11 members of the Red Army Faction.
  • 1983 – Ameritech Mobile Communications (now Cingular) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1990 – End of the Lebanese war. Syrian forces launch an attack on the free areas of Lebanon removing General Michel Aoun from the presidential palace.
  • 1993 – Captured American Pilot Mike Durant is filmed in an interview in captivity by a CNN camera crew.
  • 1999 – The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
  • 2003 – The Public Library of Science commences publication of an open access scientific journal, PLoS Biology.

October 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1162 – Leonora of England, Queen of Castile (d. 1214)
  • 1474 – Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (d. 1515)
  • 1566 – Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (d. 1643)
  • 1613 – Luisa of Medina-Sidonia, queen of Portugal (d. 1666)
  • 1696 – John Hervey, Lord Hervey, English statesman and writer (d. 1743)
  • 1713 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (d. 1784)
  • 1714 – Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (d. 1778)
  • 1768 – Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (d. 1839)
  • 1820 – John William Dawson, Canadian geologist (d. 1899)
  • 1821 – Rudolf Virchow, German physician, pathologist, biologist, and politician (d. 1902)
  • 1853 – Lillie Langtry, British actress (d. 1929)
  • 1862 – Mary Kingsley, English writer and explorer (d. 1900)
  • 1876 – Rube Waddell, American baseball player (d. 1914)
  • 1878 – Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1952)
  • 1880 – Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (d. 1932)
  • 1887 – Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (d. 1947)
  • 1890 – Conrad Richter, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me) (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – Arna Wendell Bontemps, American writer (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – Wilfred Pickles, English actor and broadcaster (d. 1978)
  • 1907 – Yves Allégret, French film director (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Art Tatum, American jazz pianist (d. 1956)
  • 1909 – Herbert Block, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Ashok Kumar, Indian actor (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Terry Frost, English artist (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Cornel Wilde, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – Laraine Day, American actor
  • 1917 – George Virl Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Burr Tillstrom, American puppeteer (d. 1985)
  • 1918 – Robert Hudson Walker, American actor (d. 1951)
  • 1920 – Laraine Day, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Yves Montand, Italian-born singer and actor (d. 1991)
  • 1923 – Cyril Shaps, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Faas Wilkes, Dutch footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Lenny Bruce, American comedian (d. 1966)
  • 1925 – Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1925 – Gustav Winckler, Danish singer (d. 1979)
  • 1926 – Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Lee Konitz, American jazz saxophonist
  • 1931 – Eddie Mathews, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Raymond Kopa, French footballer
  • 1932 – Jack Colvin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Raynald Frechette, Quebec politician and judge (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Queen Narriman, second and last wife of King Farouk and mother   of their only child King Fuad (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Baron Bingham of Cornhill, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales
  • 1934 – Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer and politician
  • 1937 – Sami Frey, French actor
  • 1938 – Hugo Young, English journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – T. J. Cloutier, American poker player
  • 1939 – Melinda Dillon, American actress
  • 1940 – Pharoah Sanders, American saxophonist
  • 1941 – Paul Simon, American singer and musician (Simon and Garfunkel)
  • 1942 – Jerry Jones, American football team owner
  • 1942 – Pamela Tiffin, American film actress
  • 1942 – Bob Bailey, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Mike Barnicle, American newspaper columnist
  • 1944 – Robert Lamm, American musician (Chicago)
  • 1945 – Christophe, French singer
  • 1945 – Dési Bouterse, Surinam politician
  • 1946 – Edwina Currie, British politician
  • 1947 – Sammy Hagar, American singer (Van Halen)
  • 1947 – Jerry Trupiano, American sports broadcaster
  • 1947 – Alan Wakeman, English saxophonist (Soft Machine)
  • 1948 – John Ford Coley, American musician
  • 1948 – Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician and singer (d. 1997)
  • 1948 – Ted Poe, American politician
  • 1949 – Tom Mees, American sports broadcaster (d. 1996)
  • 1949 – Patrick Nève, Belgian racing driver
  • 1952 – John Lone, Hong Kong actor
  • 1953 – Pat Day, American jockey
  • 1954 – George Frazier, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Claude Ribbe, French historian
  • 1954 – Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli nuclear technician
  • 1956 – Chris Carter, American television producer
  • 1958 – Jair-Rohm Parker Wells, American musician and composer
  • 1959 – Marie Osmond, American entertainer
  • 1960 – Joey Belladonna, American musician (Anthrax)
  • 1960 – Tim Brewster, American football coach
  • 1960 – Ari Fleischer, former White House press secretary
  • 1961 – Doc Rivers, basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – T’Keyah Crystal Keymáh, American actress
  • 1962 – Kelly Preston, American actress
  • 1962 – Jerry Rice, American football star
  • 1963 – Colin Channer, Jamaican writer
  • 1964 – Niè Haishèng, Chinese astronaut
  • 1964 – Christopher Judge, American actor
  • 1965 – Johan Museeuw, Belgian cyclist
  • 1967 – Scott Cooper, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Trevor Hoffman, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Steve Vickers, English footballer
  • 1967 – Kate Walsh, American actress
  • 1968 – Tisha Campbell-Martin, American actress and singer
  • 1968 – Carlos Marin, Spanish baritone (Il Divo)
  • 1969 – Rhett Akins, American country singer
  • 1969 – Nancy Kerrigan, American figure skater
  • 1969 – Cady McClain, American actress
  • 1970 – Serena Altschul, American reporter
  • 1970 – Mel Jackson, American actor and R&B musician
  • 1971 – Sacha Baron Cohen, English comedian
  • 1971 – Billy Bush, American TV host
  • 1971 – Pyrros Dimas, Greek weightlifter
  • 1972 – Summer Sanders, American swimmer
  • 1973 – Brian Dawkins, American football player
  • 1973 – Peter Dumbreck, Scottish race car driver
  • 1973 – Matt Hughes, American mixed martial artist
  • 1973 – Nanako Matsushima, Japanese actress
  • 1974 – Hawick Lau, Chinese actor and singer
  • 1974 – Joseph Utsler, American rapper (Insane Clown Posse)
  • 1975 – Tom Anderson, American entrepreneur
  • 1975 – David Kennedy, American musician (Box Car Racer, Angels & Airwaves)
  • 1977 – Gareth Batty, English cricketer
  • 1977 – Paul Pierce, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Kiele Sanchez, American actress
  • 1978 – Jermaine O’Neal, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Wes Brown, English footballer
  • 1980 – Ashanti, American singer
  • 1980 – Magne Hoseth, Norwegian footballer
  • 1980 – Scott Parker, English footballer
  • 1980 – Jon Micah Sumrall, American singer (Kutless)
  • 1981 – Ryan Ashford, English footballer
  • 1981 – Kele Okereke, lead singer of Bloc Party
  • 1982 – Ian Thorpe, Australian swimmer
  • 1984 – Frank Simek, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Misono, Japanese singer (formerly Day After Tomorrow)

October 13 – Deaths:

  • 54 – Claudius, Roman Emperor (b. 10 BC)
  • 1093 – Robert I, Count of Flanders
  • 1282 – Nichiren Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism (b. 1222)
  • 1415 – Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1381)
  • 1508 – Edmund de Ros, 11th Baron de Ros, English politician (b. 1446)
  • 1605 – Theodore Beza, French theologian (b. 1519)
  • 1673 – Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman (b. 1617)
  • 1687 – Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (b. 1633)
  • 1694 – Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist (b. 1632)
  • 1706 – Iyasus the Great, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1682)
  • 1715 – Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (b. 1638)
  • 1759 – John Henley, English minister (b. 1692)
  • 1788 – Robert Nugent, 1st Earl Nugent, Irish politician and poet (b. 1702)
  • 1812 – Sir Isaac Brock, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1769)
  • 1815 – Joachim Murat, French marshal and King of Naples (executed) (b. 1767)
  • 1825 – King Maximilian I of Bavaria (b. 1756)
  • 1869 – Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French literary critic (b. 1804)
  • 1882 – Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)
  • 1890 – Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1816)
  • 1904 – Pavlos Melas, Greek officer who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia (b. 1870)
  • 1905 – Sir Henry Irving, the first British actor to be knighted (b. 1838)
  • 1909 – Francisco Ferrer Guardia, Spanish free-thinker (b. 1849)
  • 1917 – Florence La Badie, American actress
  • 1919 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1926 – Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian author and philologist (b. 1865)
  • 1931 – Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)
  • 1938 – E.C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye) (b. 1894)
  • 1945 – Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (b. 1857)
  • 1950 – Ernest Haycox, American writer (b. 1899)
  • 1955 – Manuel Ávila Camacho, President of Mexico (b. 1897)
  • 1966 – Clifton Webb, American actor (b. 1889)
  • 1968 – Bea Benaderet, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1971 – Stafford Smythe, Canadian NHL executive (b. 1921)
  • 1974 – Ed Sullivan, American television personality (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Rebecca Helferich Clarke, English composer and violist (b. 1886)
  • 1987 – Walter Brattain, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1987 – Kishore Kumar, Indian Singer (b.1929)
  • 1988 – Mike Venezia, jockey (b. 1945)
  • 1995 – Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter
  • 2000 – Jean Peters, American actress (b. 1926) 2001 – Peter Doyle, Australian pop singer (The New Seekers) (b. 1949)
  • 2002 – Stephen Ambrose, American historian and biographer (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Bertram Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Vivian Malone Jones, American civil rights activist (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Wang Guangmei, Chinese first lady (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Bob Denard, French mercenary (b. 1929)

October 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Fontanalia: festival dedicated to Fontus
  • Roman Catholic Saints – translation (1163) of Saint Edward the Confessor; memorial of Saint Gerald of Aurillac optional feast of Our Lady of Fatima
  • French Republican Calendar – Pêche (Peach) Day, twenty-second day in the Month of Vendémiaire

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History October 31

October 31 – Events:

  • 445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 9:1).
  • 475 – Romulus Augustulus was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 1517 – Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
  • 1587 – Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
  • 1822 – Emperor Agustín de Iturbide attempted to dissolve the Mexican Empire.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army.
  • 1863 – The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.
  • 1864 – Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
  • 1876 – A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths.
  • 1892 – Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
  • 1912 – The Musketeers of Pig Alley, directed by D.W. Griffith, debuts as the first gangster film.
  • 1912 – Dominican Republic becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Beersheba – “last successful cavalry charge in history”
  • 1918 – Banat Republic founded
  • 1923 – 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia begins.
  • 1924 – World Savings Day was announced in Milano/Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
  • 1926 – Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
  • 1936 – The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was formed.
  • 1938 – Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain ends – The United Kingdom prevents Germany from invading Great Britain.
  • 1941 – After 14 years of work, drilling is completed on Mount Rushmore.
  • 1941 – World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII.
  • 1943 – World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar guided interception.
  • 1954 – Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Kingdom and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.
  • 1959 – Lee Harvey Oswald attempted to renounce his American citizenship at the US Embassy in Moscow, USSR.
  • 1961 – In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin’s body is removed from Lenin’s Tomb.
  • 1963 – Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) explosion in Indianapolis kills 74 people during an ice skating show. The mammoth explosion injured 400. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand was blamed.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of “all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam” effective November 1.
  • 1984 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards (riots soon broke out in New Delhi and nearly 2,000 innocent Sikhs were killed).
  • 1986 – The 5th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden is inaugurated. During the course of the congress the party name is changed to the Solidarity Party and the party ceases to be a communist party.
  • 1991 – A three day long snow and ice storm, dubbed the Halloween Blizzard, begins over portions of the Upper Midwest of the United States.
  • 1994 – An American Eagle ATR-72 crashes in Roselawn, Indiana, after circling in icy weather, killing 68 passengers and crew.
  • 1996 – The Fokker F100 on TAM Transportes Aéreos Regionais Flight 402 crashes into several houses in São Paulo, Brazil killing 98 including 2 on the ground.
  • 1997 – 19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by a Cambridge, Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1998 – Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.
  • 1999 – EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  • 1999 – Roman Catholic Church and Lutheran Church leaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
  • 1999 – Yachtsman Jesse Martin returns to Melbourne after 11 months of circumnavigating the world, solo, non-stop and unassisted.
  • 2000 – A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and four crew members
  • 2000 – A chartered Antonov An-26 explodes after takeoff in Northern Angola killing 50 2000 – The last Multics machine was shut down.
  • 2002 – A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas formally indicted former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.
  • 2003 – A bankruptcy court approves MCI’s reorganization plans, essentially clearing the  telecommunications company to exit bankruptcy.
  • 2003 – Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir’s 22 years in power.
  • 2004 – Passenger airline service ends at Mirabel International Airport in Montreal, Canada.
  • 2005 – U.S. President George W. Bush nominates Appeals court judge Samuel Alito to join the Supreme Court of the United States.

October 31 – Birthdays:

  • 1291 – Philippe de Vitry, French composer (d. 1361)
  • 1345 – King Fernando I of Portugal (d. 1383)
  • 1391 – King Duarte of Portugal (d. 1438)
  • 1424 – King Wladislaus III of Poland (d. 1444)
  • 1538 – Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (d. 1607)
  • 1599 – Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (d. 1680)
  • 1620 – John Evelyn, English diarist (d. 1706)
  • 1622 – Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (d. 1694)
  • 1632 – (baptism) Johannes Vermeer, Flemish painter (d. 1675)
  • 1636 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1679)
  • 1692 – Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1705 – Pope Clement XIV (d. 1774)
  • 1711 – Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (d. 1778)
  • 1724 – Christopher Anstey, English writer (d. 1805)
  • 1737 – James Lovell, American educator (d. 1789)
  • 1795 – John Keats, British poet (d. 1821)
  • 1815 – Karl Weierstraß, German mathematician (d. 1897)
  • 1825 – Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
  • 1827 – Richard Morris Hunt, American educator (d. 1895)
  • 1831 – Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist (d. 1910)
  • 1835 – Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1835 – Krišjanis Barons, Latvian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1838 – King Louis of Portugal (d. 1889)
  • 1848 – Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1851 – Lovisa of Sweden, queen of Denmark (d. 1926)
  • 1860 – Juliette Low, American founder of the Girl Scouts (d. 1927)
  • 1875 – Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Sara Allgood, Irish actress (d. 1950)
  • 1883 – Marie Laurencin, French painter (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Chiang Kai-shek, Nationalist Chinese leader, former Republic of China president (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (d. 1944)
  • 1892 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Basil Liddell Hart, British military historian (d. 1970)
  • 1896 – Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (d. 1977)
  • 1902 – Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1912 – Dale Evans, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Ollie Johnston, American animator
  • 1914 – Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden
  • 1917 – Thomas Hill, Canadian actor
  • 1918 – Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Magnus Wenninger, American priest, author of Polyhedron models
  • 1920 – Dick Francis, Welsh novelist
  • 1920 – Joseph Gelineau French composer
  • 1920 – Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan rebel leader (d. 1957)
  • 1920 – Helmut Newton, German photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Fritz Walter, German footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Anatoli Papanov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1922 – Illinois Jacquet, American saxophonist (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia
  • 1925 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Jimmy Savile, English entertainer
  • 1927 – Lee Grant, American actress
  • 1928 – Cleo Moore, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Eddie Charlton, Australian snooker player (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Bud Spencer, Italian actor
  • 1930 – Michael Collins, American astronaut
  • 1931 – Dan Rather, American television journalist
  • 1933 – Phil Goyette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936 – Michael Landon, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1937 – Tom Paxton, American singer-songwriter
  • 1939 – Ron Rifkin, American actor
  • 1939 – Tom O’Connor, British comedian
  • 1939 – Alui Farka Touré, Malian musician
  • 1941 – Derek Bell, British racing driver
  • 1941 – Dan Alderson, American scientist
  • 1942 – Dave McNally, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1942 – David Ogden Stiers, American actor
  • 1943 – Paul Frampton, English physicist
  • 1943 – Brian Piccolo, American football player (d. 1970)
  • 1944 – Kinky Friedman, American musician and novelist
  • 1944 – Sally Kirkland, American actress
  • 1945 – Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor
  • 1945 – Russ Ballard, English rock singer/songwriter, guitarist (Argent)
  • 1946 – Stephen Rea, Irish actor
  • 1946 – Norman Lovett, British actor
  • 1947 – Deidre Hall, American actress
  • 1947 – Frank Shorter, American runner
  • 1949 – Bob Siebenberg, American drummer (Supertramp)
  • 1950 – John Candy, Canadian comedian and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1950 – Jozef Stolorz, polish art painter
  • 1950 – Jane Pauley, American news anchor
  • 1950 – Zaha Hadid, British architect
  • 1950 – Antonio Taguba, US Army Major General
  • 1951 – Nick Saban, American college football coach
  • 1952 – Bernard Edwards, American bass guitarist (Chic) (d. 1996)
  • 1953 – Michael J. Anderson, American actor
  • 1953 – John Lucas II, American basketball player and coach
  • 1954 – Ken Wahl, American actor
  • 1957 – Robert Pollard, American rocker
  • 1957 – Brian Stokes Mitchell, American singer and actor
  • 1958 – Jeannie Longo, French cyclist
  • 1959 – Neal Stephenson, American author
  • 1959 – Mats Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican delegate to Congress
  • 1960 – Arnaud Desplechin, French film director
  • 1960 – Mike Gallego, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Reza Pahlavi, former crown prince of Iran
  • 1961 – Peter Jackson, New Zealand film director
  • 1961 – Larry Mullen, Irish drummer (U2)
  • 1961 – Alonzo Babers, American runner
  • 1961 – Kate Campbell, American musician
  • 1963 – Mikkey Dee, Swedish musician, drummer for Motörhead
  • 1963 – Dunga, Brazilian footballer
  • 1963 – Johnny Marr, English guitarist and songwriter (The Smiths)
  • 1963 – Fred McGriff, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Dermot Mulroney, American actor
  • 1963 – Rob Schneider, American actor
  • 1964 – Colm O’Ciosoig, Irish drummer (My Bloody Valentine, Hope Sandoval & the Warm Inventions)
  • 1964 – Marco van Basten, Dutch footballer
  • 1964 – Marty Wright, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Darryl Worley, American country singer
  • 1965 – Annabella Lwin, British singer (Bow Wow Wow)
  • 1965 – Rob Rackstraw, voice actor
  • 1966 – Adam Horovitz (Adrock), American rapper (Beastie Boys)
  • 1966 – Koji Kanemoto, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Joseph Boyden, Canadian novelist
  • 1967 – Vanilla Ice, American rapper
  • 1968 – Antonio Davis, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Mike O’Malley, American actor
  • 1969 – David Coburn, American actor/voice actor
  • 1970 – Nicky Wu, Taiwanese actor and martial arts expert
  • 1970 – Linn Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
  • 1970 – Rogers Stevens, American guitarist (Blind Melon)
  • 1970 – Mitch Harris, American guitarist (Napalm Death, among others)
  • 1970 – Johnny Moeller, American blues guitarist
  • 1970 – Steve Trachsel, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – Ian Walker, English footballer
  • 1971 – Toby Anstis, British radio presenter
  • 1972 – Shaun Bartlett, South African footballer
  • 1972 – Matt Dawson, English rugby union footballer
  • 1973 – Tim Byrdak, American baseball player
  • 1973 – David Dellucci, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Grigorios Georgatos, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Beverly Lynne, American erotic film actress
  • 1974 – Muzzy Izzet, Turkish footballer
  • 1974 – Natasja Saad, Danish hip hop and reggae artist (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Fabio Celestini, Swiss footballer
  • 1976 – Guti, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Piper Perabo, American actress
  • 1977 – Sylviane Félix, French athlete
  • 1977 – Séverine Ferrer, French singer
  • 1978 – Emmanuel Izonritei, Nigerian boxer
  • 1978 – Zachary Knighton, American actor
  • 1978 – Martin Verkerk, Dutch tennis player
  • 1979 – Saaphyri Windsor, American reality tv figure
  • 1979 – Simão Sabrosa, Portuguese footballer
  • 1980 – Eddie Kaye Thomas, American actor,
  • 1980 – Samaire Armstrong, American actress
  • 1980 – Alondra de la Parra, Mexican founder and artistic director of the New York-based Philharmonic Orchestra of the Americas
  • 1981 – Irina Denezhkina, Russian writer
  • 1981 – Frank Iero, American musician (My Chemical Romance, Leathermouth, Pencey Prep; founder of Skeleton Crew)
  • 1981 – Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1981 – Jon Crocker, American songwriter
  • 1982 – Tomáš Plekanec, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1982 – The Cheeky Girls, British-Romanian singers
  • 1982 – Justin Chatwin, Canadian actor
  • 1983 – Katy French, Irish model (d. 2007)
  • 1986 – Christie Hayes, Australian actress
  • 1986 – Chris Alajajian, Australian racing driver
  • 1988 – Sébastien Buemi, Swiss racing driver
  • 1990 – James Charles Lewis aka Lil’ JJ, American actor/singer
  • 1991 – Jordan-Claire Green, American actress
  • 2005 – Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Felipe, Prince of Asturias and Letizia, Princess of Asturias

October 31 – Deaths:

  • 1147 – Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician (bc. 1090)
  • 1214 – Leonora of England, queen of Alfonso VIII of Castile (b. 1162)
  • 1448 – John VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1390)
  • 1517 – Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist (b. 1472)
  • 1641 – Cornelis Jol, Dutch admiral and privateer (b. 1597)
  • 1659 – John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)
  • 1723 – Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1642)
  • 1732 – Victor Amadeus II of Savoy (b. 1666)
  • 1733 – Eberhard IV Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1676)
  • 1744 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
  • 1765 – Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (b. 1721)
  • 1768 – Francesco Maria Veracini, Italian composer (b. 1690)
  • 1860 – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (b. 1775)
  • 1879 – Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
  • 1879 – Joseph Hooker, American General (b. 1814)
  • 1883 – Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj
  • 1884 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (b. 1858)
  • 1913 – William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)
  • 1916 – Charles Taze Russell, American founder of the Jehovah’s Witnesses (b. 1852)
  • 1918 – Egon Schiele, Austrian painter (b. 1890)
  • 1920 – Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (b. 1854)
  • 1925 – Max Linder, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1883)
  • 1926 – Harry Houdini, Hungarian-born magician (b. 1874)
  • 1929 – António José de Almeida, Portuguese politician and 6 President of Portugal (b. 1866)
  • 1939 – Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (b. 1884)
  • 1943 – Max Reinhardt, German film director (b. 1873)
  • 1952 – U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)
  • 1959 – Jean Cabannes, French physicist (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1916)
  • 1975 – SD Burman, Indian musician (b. 1906)
  • 1983 – George Halas, American football player, coach, and team owner (b. 1895)
  • 1984 – Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (b. 1917)
  • 1984 – Eduardo de Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Anton Christoforidis, Greek boxer (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – Robert S. Mulliken, American physicist and chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Joseph Campbell, American author and expert on mythology (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – John Houseman, Romanian-born actor and director (b. 1902)
  • 1988 – Alfred Pellan, Québécois painter (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – Joseph Papp, American theatrical producer (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Gene Anderson, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1993 – Federico Fellini, Italian director (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – River Phoenix, American actor (b. 1970)
  • 1995 – Rosalind Cash, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Marcel Carné, French film director (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (b. 1975)
  • 2000 – Watanabe Kazuki Japanese musician (Raphael) (b. 1981)
  • 2000 – Ring Lardner, Jr., American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Régine Cavagnoud, French skier (b. 1970)
  • 2002 – Lionel Poilâne, French baker and entrepreneur (b. 1945)
  • 2002 – Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician, former president of Greece (b. 1903)
  • 2002 – Raf Vallone, Italian actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Indian singer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Mary Wimbush, English actress (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – John “Beatz” Holohan, American drummer (Bayside) (b. 1974)
  • 2005 – Hal Anger, American biophysicist (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Pieter Willem Botha, President of South Africa (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby union footballer (b. 1951)

October 31 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – October 31 is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • St. Arnulf
    • St. Bega
    • St. Quentin
    • St. Urban
    • St. Wolfgang
  • Protestant Church, Slovenia – Reformation Day: Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on the Wittenberg church on this day in 1517
  • October 31 is Halloween
  • Cornwall – Allantide
  • Paganism and Celts – Samhain
  • Nevada Day

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On This Day in History October 12

October 12 – Events:

  • 539 BC – The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.
  • 1216 – King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus’s expedition makes landfall in the Caribbean, specifically in The Bahamas. The explorer believes he has reached East Asia
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1654 – The Delft Explosion devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100.
  • 1692 – The Salem Witch Trials were ended by a letter from Massachusetts Governor William Phips.
  • 1773 – America’s first insane asylum opens for ‘Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds’ in Virginia
  • 1792 – First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
  • 1793 – The cornerstone of Old East, the oldest state university building in the United States, is laid on the campus of the University of North Carolina
  • 1810 – First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
  • 1822 – Peter I of Brazil is proclaimed the emperor of the Brazilian Empire.
  • 1823 – Charles Macintosh, of Scotland, sells the first raincoat.
  • 1892 – The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited in unison by students in US public schools.
  • 1898 – Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
  • 1899 – Boer republic of South Africa declares war with England.
  • 1901 – President Theodore Roosevelt officially renames the “Executive Mansion” to the White House.
  • 1915 – World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium
  • 1917 – The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale
  • 1918 – A massive forest fire kills 453 people in Minnesota. 1928 – An iron lung respirator is used for the first time at Children’s Hospital, Boston
  • 1933 – The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island, is acquired by the United States Department of Justice
  • 1941 – This and the next day, German Nazis kill 11,000 Jews in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine. Einsatzkommando 6 massacres most of the remaining Jews of the city, marching them to a ravine where they were killed.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese ships retreat after their defeat in the Battle of Cape Esperance with the Japanese commander, Aritomo Goto dying from wounds suffered in the battle and two Japanese destroyers sunk by Allied air attack.
  • 1953 – “The Caine Mutiny Court Martial” opens at Plymouth Theatre, New York
  • 1959 – At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
  • 1960 – Cold War: Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a desk at United Nations General Assembly meeting to protest a Philippine assertion of Soviet Union colonialist policy being conducted in Eastern Europe
  • 1960 – Inejiro Asanuma is assassinated in Japan by Otoya Yamaguchi, a 17-year-old. The camera was rolling at that time.
  • 1962 – Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
  • 1964 – The Soviet Union launches the Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit as the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew and the first flight without space suits
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: US Secretary of State Dean Rusk states during a news conference that proposals by the U.S. Congress for peace initiatives were futile because of North Vietnam’s opposition
  • 1968 – Equatorial Guinea becomes independent from Spain
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas
  • 1972 – En route to the Gulf of Tonkin, a racial brawl involving more than 100 sailors breaks out aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk
  • 1976 – The People’s Republic of China announces that Hua Guofeng is the successor to the late Mao Zedong as chairman of Communist Party of China.
  • 1979 – The lowest recorded non-tornadic atmospheric pressure, 87.0 kPa (870 mbar or 25.69 inHg), occurred in the Western Pacific during Typhoon Tip.
  • 1983 – Japan’s former Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei is found guilty of taking a $2 million bribe from Lockheed and is sentenced to 4 years in jail.
  • 1984 – Brighton hotel bombing: Margaret Thatcher survives an IRA bomb, which shredded her bathroom barely two minutes after she had left it.
  • 1986 – Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People’s Republic of China
  • 1988 – Two officers of the Victoria Police are gunned down executional style in the Walsh Street police shootings, Australia.
  • 1991 – Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of Kyrgyzstan by republic’s Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.
  • 1994 – NASA loses radio contact with the Magellan spacecraft as the probe descends into the thick atmosphere of Venus (the spacecraft presumably burned up in the atmosphere either October 13 or October 14).
  • 1997 – Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria; 43 killed at a fake roadblock.
  • 1999 – Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup.
  • 1999 – The Day of Six Billion: The proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born.
  • 2000 – The USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden, Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39
  • 2002 – Terrorists detonate bombs in Paddy’s Pub and the Sari Club in Kuta, Bali, killing 202 and wounding over 300.
  • 2005 – The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 launched carrying Fèi Jùnlóng and Niè Haishèng for five days in orbit.

October 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1008 – Emperor Go-Ichijo of Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1350 – Dmitry Donskoy, Grand Prince of Moscovy (d. 1389)
  • 1490 – Bernardo Pisano, Italian composer (d. 1548)
  • 1537 – King Edward VI of England (d. 1553)
  • 1558 – Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1558 – Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit (d. 1651)
  • 1576 – Thomas Dudley, Massachusetts colonial magistrate (d. 1653)
  • 1602 – William Chillingworth, English churchman (d. 1644)
  • 1710 – Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1785)
  • 1712 – William Shippen, American physician and Continental Congressman (d. 1801)
  • 1725 – Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (d. 1810)
  • 1792 – Christian Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1860)
  • 1798 – Pedro I of Brazil (d. 1834)
  • 1801 – Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1873)
  • 1840 – Helena Modrzejewska, Polish-born actress (d. 1909)
  • 1855 – Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (d. 1922)
  • 1860 – Elmer Sperry, American inventor (d. 1930)
  • 1865 – Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1866 – Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1937)
  • 1872 – Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (d. 1958)
  • 1874 – Jimmy Burke, baseball player (d. 1942)
  • 1875 – Aleister Crowley, English occultist and author (d. 1947)
  • 1880 – Louis Hémon, French novelist (d. 1913)
  • 1887 – Paula von Preradovic, Croatian-Austrian poet (d. 1951)
  • 1890 – Michael Collins, Irish leader (d. 1922)
  • 1891 – Edith Stein, Carmelite Catholic nun and martyr (d. 1942)
  • 1892 – Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano (d. 1975)
  • 1894 – Elisabeth of Romania, queen of Greece (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Ding Ling, Chinese writer (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Lester Dent, American writer (d. 1959)
  • 1906 – Joe Cronin, baseball player and executive (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Paul Engle, American writer (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Ann Petry, American novelist (d. 1997)
  • 1910 – Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Bob Sheppard, New York Yankees announcer
  • 1916 – Alice Childress, American actress, playwright, and novelist (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Gilles Beaudoin, Quebec politician (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Christy Ring, Irish hurler (d. 1979)
  • 1924 – Doris Grau, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1925 – Denis Lazure, Quebec politician
  • 1929 – Robert Coles, American psychologist and author
  • 1929 – Magnús Magnússon, Icelandic-born television presenter (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Dick Gregory, American comedian and activist
  • 1932 – Ned Jarrett, American race car driver
  • 1933 – Guido Molinari, Canadian painter (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Richard Meier, American architect
  • 1934 – Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician
  • 1935 – Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Sam Moore, American R&B singer (Sam & Dave)
  • 1935 – Don Howe, English football player and manager
  • 1937 – Paul Hawkins, Australian racing driver (d. 1969)
  • 1937 – Robert Mangold, American artist
  • 1938 – Bob Miller, American NHL broadcaster
  • 1941 – Michael Mansfield, English barrister
  • 1942 – Melvin Franklin, American singer (The Temptations) (d. 1995)
  • 1944 – Angela Rippon, British television personality
  • 1945 – Aurore Clément, French actress
  • 1945 – Dusty Rhodes, professional wrestler
  • 1947 – Chris Wallace, American journalist
  • 1947 – George Lam, Hong Kong singer
  • 1948 – Rick Parfitt, British musician (Status Quo)
  • 1950 – Susan Anton, American actress
  • 1950 – Robin Askwith, English actor
  • 1950 – Caroline Ellis, English actress
  • 1950 – Dave Freudenthal, American politician
  • 1950 – Kaga Takeshi, Japanese actor
  • 1951 – Sally Ride, first American woman in space
  • 1951 – Ed Royce, American politician
  • 1952 – Danielle Proulx, Quebec actress
  • 1953 – Les Dennis, British comedian/TV presenter
  • 1953 – Serge Lepeltier, French politician
  • 1955 – Ante Gotovina, Croatian general
  • 1955 – Jane Siberry, Canadian musician
  • 1957 – Kristen Bjorn, British film director
  • 1959 – Anna Escobedo Cabral, 42nd Treasurer of the United States
  • 1962 – Carlos Bernard, American actor
  • 1962 – Chris Botti, American jazz musician
  • 1962 – Branko Crvenkovski, Macedonian President
  • 1962 – Deborah Foreman, American actress
  • 1963 – Lane Frost, American professional bull rider, (d. 1989)
  • 1963 – Satoshi Kon, Japanese anime director
  • 1963 – Alan McDonald, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1963 – Luis Polonia, Dominican baseball player
  • 1965 – Jean-Jacques Daigneault, National Hockey League defenseman
  • 1965 – Scott O’Grady, former United States Air Force captain
  • 1966 – Jonathan Crombie, Canadian actor
  • 1966 – Wim Jonk, Dutch football player
  • 1966 – Brian Kennedy, Northern Irish musician and author
  • 1968 – Bill Auberlen, American race car driver
  • 1968 – Hugh Jackman, Australian actor and singer
  • 1968 – Adam Rich, American actor
  • 1969 – Martie Maguire, American musician (Dixie Chicks)
  • 1969 – Dwayne Roloson, Canadian NHL hockey player
  • 1969 – Jose Valentin, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Kirk Cameron, American actor
  • 1970 – Tanyon Sturtze, baseball player
  • 1970 – Charlie Ward, American football and basketball player
  • 1970 – Julian (pornographic actor), Male pornographic actor
  • 1971 – Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor, composer and singer
  • 1971 – Tony Fiore, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Irina Pantaeva, Russian supermodel and actress
  • 1972 – Juan Manuel Silva, Argentine racing driver
  • 1972 – Tom Van Mol, Belgian football player
  • 1973 – Lesli Brea, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Rodney Mack, professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Stephen Lee, English snooker player
  • 1974 – Marie Wilson, Canadian actress
  • 1975 – Marion Jones, American athlete
  • 1976 – Sarah Lane, American television personality
  • 1977 – Jessica Barker, Canadian actress
  • 1977 – Young Jeezy, African-American rapper
  • 1977 – Bode Miller, American alpine ski-racer
  • 1977 – Javier Toyo, Venezuelan footballer
  • 1978 – Baden Cooke, Australian cyclist
  • 1979 – Jordan Pundik, American singer (New Found Glory)
  • 1981 – Shola Ameobi, English footballer
  • 1981 – Tom Guiry, American actor
  • 1981 – Brian Kerr, Scottish international footballer
  • 1981 – Sneha, Indian actress
  • 1982 – Molly Bennett, Irish singer
  • 1983 – Alex Brosque, Australian footballer
  • 1985 – Mike Green, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Marcus T. Paulk, American actor
  • 1986 – Sergio Peter, German footballer
  • 1990 – Henri Lansbury, English footballer
  • 1992 – Taylor Horn, American singer and actress
  • 1992 – Josh Hutcherson, American actor
  • 1997 – Prince Boris of Bulgaria

October 12 – Deaths:

  • 632 – Edwin of Deira, King of Northumbria and Bretwalda
  • 638 – Pope Honorius I
  • 642 – Pope John IV
  • 1095 – Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)
  • 1176 – William d’Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician
  • 1320 – Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor
  • 1491 – Fritz Herlen, German artist
  • 1492 – Piero della Francesca, Italian painter
  • 1565 – Jean Ribault, French explorer and colonizer (b. 1520)
  • 1576 – Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1527)
  • 1590 – Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (b. 1543)
  • 1600 – Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1535)
  • 1632 – Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)
  • 1646 – François de Bassompierre, Marshal of France (b. 1579)
  • 1678 – Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (b. 1621)
  • 1679 – William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
  • 1685 – Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (b. 1628)
  • 1730 – King Frederick IV of Denmark (b. 1671)
  • 1758 – Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
  • 1845 – Elizabeth Fry, British social reformer and philanthropist (b. 1780)
  • 1870 – Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general (b. 1807)
  • 1875 – Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1896 – Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (b. 1817)
  • 1898 – Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
  • 1915 – Edith Cavell, English nurse (b. 1865)
  • 1924 – Anatole France, French author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1844)
  • 1940 – Tom Mix, American actor (b. 1880)
  • 1946 – Joseph Stilwell, U.S. general (b. 1883)
  • 1954 – George Welch, American pilot (b. 1918)
  • 1956 – Don Lorenzo Perosi, Italian composer (b. 1872)
  • 1958 – Gordon Griffith, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1960 – Inejiro Asanuma, Japanese politician (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
  • 1967 – Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician leader
  • 1969 – Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater (b. 1912)
  • 1970 – Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (b. 1930)
  • 1971 – Dean Acheson, U.S. Secretary of State (b. 1893)
  • 1971 – Gene Vincent, pioneering American rock’n’roll musician (b. 1935)
  • 1978 – Nancy Spungen, girlfriend of Sex Pistol Sid Vicious (b. 1958)
  • 1983 – The Grand Wizard of Wrestling, Wrestling manager
  • 1984 – Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (bombing victim) (b. 1925)
  • 1985 – Johnny Olson, American game show announcer (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Ricky Wilson, American musician; member of The B-52′s (b. 1953)
  • 1987 – Alf Landon, Governor of Kansas (b. 1887)
  • 1988 – Ruth Manning-Sanders, author of children’s books (b. 1895)
  • 1989 – Jay Ward, American animator (Rocky and Bullwinkle, etc.) (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Arkady Strugatsky, Russian novelist (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Leon Ames, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1993 – Tofik Bakhramov, Russian footballer (b. 1926)
  • 1994 – Gérald Godin, Québécois poet and politician (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – René Lacoste, French tennis player (b. 1904)
  • 1997 – John Denver, American singer (b. 1943)
  • 1998 – Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (b. 1976)
  • 1998 – Mario Beaulieu, French Canadian politician (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player (b. 1936)
  • 2001 – Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, British politician (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Ray Conniff, American bandleader and musician (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Audrey Mestre, French diver (b. 1974)
  • 2003 – Jim Cairns, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Joan Kroc, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Willie Shoemaker, American jockey (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – C. Delores Tucker, American politician and civil rights activist (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian film director (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect (b. 1934)

October 12 – Holidays::

  • Equatorial Guinea – Independence Day (from Spain, 1968)
  • Malawi – Mother’s Day
  • Spain – National Day
  • El Dia de la Raza – Latin America.
  • French Republican Calendar – Chanvre (Hemp) Day, twenty-first day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • Brazil – Children’s Day and the day of Our Lady of Aparecida (National Religious holiday).
  • United States – Freethought Day

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On This Day in History October 11

October 11 – Events

  • 1531 – Huldrych Zwingli is killed in battle with the Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1614 – Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
  • 1634 – the Burchardi flood — “the second Grote Mandrenke” killed around 15,000 men in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany.
  • 1776 – American Revolution: Battle of Valcour Island – On Lake Champlain 15 American gunboats are defeated but give Patriot forces enough time to prepare defenses of New York City.
  • 1809 – Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder’s Stand.
  • 1811 – Inventor John Stevens’ boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steampowered ferry (service between New York, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey).
  • 1852 – The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during a raid into the north.
  • 1864 – Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.
  • 1865 – Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
  • 1890 – In Washington, DC, the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
  • 1899 – Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.
  • 1906 – San Francisco public school board sparks United States diplomatic crisis with Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
  • 1910 – Ex-president Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes with Arch Hoxsey in a plane built by the Wright Brothers at Kinloch Field (Lambert-St. Louis International Airport), St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1918 – Major Tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • 1929 – JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.
  • 1930 – Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
  • 1941 – Beginning of the National Liberation War of Macedonia.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance – On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
  • 1944 – Tuvinian People’s Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
  • 1950 – The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS (RCA will successfully dispute and block the license from taking effect, however).
  • 1954 – First Indochina War: The Viet Minh take control of North Vietnam.
  • 1957 The Orbit of the last stage of the R-7 Semyorka rocket carrying Sputnik I was first successfully calculated on an IBM 704 computer by teams at The M.I.T. Computation Center and Operation Moonwatch, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1958 – Pioneer program: NASA launches the lunar probe Pioneer 1 (the probe falls back to Earth and burns up).
  • 1962 – Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
  • 1967 – Afghan Prime Minister Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal resigns for health reasons
  • 1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard.
  • 1975 – The NBC sketch comedy/variety show Saturday Night Live debuts with George Carlin as the host and Janis Ian and Billy Preston as musical guests.
  • 1976 – George Washington’s appointment, posthumously, to the grade of General of the Armies of the United States by congressional joint resolution Public Law 94-479 was approved by President Gerald R. Ford.
  • 1982 – The Mary Rose, a Tudor gunship which sunk on July 18 1545, is raised from the sea bed in the Solent Channel, near Portsmouth.
  • 1984 – Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.
  • 1986 – Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavík, Iceland, in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.
  • 1987 – March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights attracts an estimated 200,000 people to protest the Bowers v. Hardwick decision and the U.S. government’s handling of the AIDS epidemic; first public display of the NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt.
  • 1998 – A Congo Airlines Boeing 727 is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 40
  • 2000 – The 100th Space Shuttle mission (STS-92) is flown.
  • 2001 – The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
  • 2002 – A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland kills seven.

October 11- Birthdays

  • 1335 – Taejo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (d. 1408)
  • 1616 – Andreas Gryphius, German writer (d. 1664)
  • 1661 – Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat (d. 1742)
  • 1671 – Frederick IV of Denmark (d. 1730)
  • 1672 – Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (d. 1742)
  • 1675 – Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1738 – Arthur Phillip, Governor of New South Wales (d. 1814)
  • 1758 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, German astronomer (d. 1840)
  • 1786 – Stevenson Archer, American Congressman (d. 1848)
  • 1788 – Simon Sechter, Austrian music teacher (d. 1867)
  • 1814 – Jean Baptiste Lamy, first Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1888)
  • 1815 – Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Italian-born adventurer (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – George Williams, English founder of the YMCA (d. 1905)
  • 1844 – Henry Heinz, American food manufacturer (d. 1916)
  • 1865 – Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian author and philologist (d. 1926)
  • 1871 – Johan Oscar Smith, Norweigian religious leader (d. 1943)
  • 1872 – Harlan Fiske Stone, 12th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1946)
  • 1881 – Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal theorist (d. 1973)
  • 1884 – Friedrich Bergius, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1949)
  • 1884 – Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – Sig Ruman, German-American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1885 – François Mauriac, French author, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – Jakov Gotovac, Croatian composer (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Nathan Twining, USAF general (d. 1982)
  • 1899 – Eddie Dyer, American baseball player (d. 1964)
  • 1902 – Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian freedom fighter and political leader (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Fred Trump, American real estate developer, father of Donald Trump (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Jerome Robbins, American choreographer (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Art Blakey, American jazz drummer (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Mal Whitfield, American athlete
  • 1925 – Elmore Leonard, American novelist
  • 1926 – Neville Wran, Premier of New South Wales
  • 1926 – Nh?t H?nh, Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk
  • 1927 – Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Alfonso de Portago, Spanish race car driver (d. 1957)
  • 1929 – Liselotte Pulver, Swiss actress
  • 1930 – Sam Johnson, American politician
  • 1930 – LaVell Edwards, American football coach
  • 1932 – Dottie West, American singer (d. 1991)
  • 1936 – Billy Higgins, American jazz drummer (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Sir Bobby Charlton, English footballer
  • 1937 – R. H. W. Dillard, American poet
  • 1939 – Maria Bueno, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1939 – Austin Currie, Northern Irish politician
  • 1941 – Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1999)
  • 1941 – Charles Shyer, American film director
  • 1942 – Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor
  • 1943 – John Nettles, English actor
  • 1944 – Mike Fiore, American baseball player
  • 1944 – Rodney Marsh, English Footballer
  • 1946 – Sawao Kato, Japanese gymnast
  • 1946 – Oba Chandler, American convicted murderer
  • 1946 – Daryl Hall, American musician
  • 1946 – Gary Mallaber, American musician (The Steve Miller Band)
  • 1947 – Al Atkins, English musician
  • 1947 – Lucas Papademos, Greek economist
  • 1947 – Thomas Boswell, American sports columnist
  • 1948 – Cecilia, Spanish singer-songwriter
  • 1951 – Jean-Jacques Goldman, French singer/songwriter
  • 1953 – David Morse, American actor
  • 1956 – Nicanor Duarte Frutos, President of Paraguay
  • 1957 – Paul Bown, English actor
  • 1957 – Dawn French, Welsh comedian
  • 1959 – Wayne Gardner, Australian racing driver
  • 1960 – Curt Ford, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Neil Buchanan, English television presenter
  • 1961 – Amr Diab, Egyptian singer
  • 1961 – Steve Young, American football player
  • 1962 – Nicola Bryant, English actress
  • 1962 – Joan Cusack, American actress
  • 1963 – Prince Faisal bin Al Hussein of Jordan
  • 1963 – Ronny Rosenthal, Israeli footballer
  • 1964 – Michael J. Nelson, American actor
  • 1965 – Alexander Hacke, German musician (Einstürzende Neubauten)
  • 1965 – Sean Patrick Flanery, American actor
  • 1965 – Luke Perry, American actor
  • 1966 – Solofa Fatu, aka Rikishi, American professional wrestler
  • 1967 – Tony Chimel, American professional wrestling announcer
  • 1967 – Artie Lange, American actor and comedian
  • 1967 – David Starr, American race car driver
  • 1967 – Tazz, American professional wrestler and commentator
  • 1968 – Claude Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Jane Krakowski, American actress
  • 1969 – Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
  • 1970 – Chidi Ahanotu, American football player
  • 1970 – Andy Marriott, English footballer
  • 1970 – MC Lyte, American rapper
  • 1970 – U-God, American rapper (Wu-Tang Clan)
  • 1970 – Constance Zimmer, American actress
  • 1971 – Petra Haden, American musician (The Rentals)
  • 1972 – Claudia Black, Australian actress
  • 1973 – Takeshi Kaneshiro, actor/model
  • 1973 – Steven Pressley, Scottish footballer
  • 1973 – Mike Smith, American guitarist (Snot, Limp Bizkit)
  • 1973 – Dmitri Young, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Niki Xanthou, Greek long jumper
  • 1974 – Jason Arnott, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Terje Haakonsen, Norwegian snowboarder
  • 1976 – Emily Deschanel, American actress
  • 1976 – Brent Bennett, American mercenary
  • 1977 – Matthew Bomer, American actor
  • 1977 – Desmond Mason, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Claudia Palacios, Colombian television journalist
  • 1977 – Ty Wigginton, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kali, Angolan footballer
  • 1979 – Bae Doona, South Korean model and actress
  • 1979 – Andy Douglas, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Gabe Saporta, Uruguayan-born American musician (Cobra Starship, Midtown)
  • 1980 – Nyron Nosworthy, English footballer
  • 1981 – Beau Brady, Australian Actor
  • 1983 – William Sledd, American internet personality
  • 1983 – Ruslan Ponomariov, Ukrainian chess player
  • 1984 – Sergio Hellings, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Martha MacIsaac, Canadian actress
  • 1985 – Michelle Trachtenberg, American actress
  • 1987 – Mike Conley, Jr., American basketball player
  • 1987 – Mark Zito, American entertainer
  • 1989 – Michelle Wie, American golfer
  • 1991 – Chauncey Matthews, American Juniors singer
  • 1995 – Princess Luisa Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este

October 11 – Deaths

  • 1188 – Robert I of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France
  • 1303 – Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1347 – Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1282)
  • 1424 – Jan Zizka, leader of the Hussites (b. 1370)
  • 1531 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (b. 1484)
  • 1705 – Guillaume Amontons, French physicist and instrument maker (b. 1663)
  • 1708 – Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)
  • 1721 – Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1636)
  • 1725 – Hans Herr, Swiss-born Mennonite bishop (b. 1639)
  • 1779 – Kazimierz Pulaski, Polish fighter for American independence (b. 1745)
  • 1809 – Meriwether Lewis, American explorer (b. 1774)
  • 1811 – Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
  • 1821 – John Ross Key, American judge and lawyer (b. 1754)
  • 1852 – Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)
  • 1889 – James Prescott Joule, English physicist (b. 1818)
  • 1896 – Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (b. 1824)
  • 1896 – Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1829)
  • 1935 – Steele Rudd, Australian author (b. 1868)
  • 1940 – Lluís Companys, President of Generalitat of Catalonia (shot) (b. 1882)
  • 1940 – Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1860)
  • 1961 – Chico Marx, American comedian (b. 1887)
  • 1963 – Jean Cocteau, French writer (b. 1889)
  • 1963 – Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (b. 1915)
  • 1965 – Dorothea Lange, American photographer (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (b. 1898)
  • 1976 – Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (b. 1897)
  • 1977 – MacKinlay Kantor, American author (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – Bonita Granville, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1989 – M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Steven Jesse Bernstein, American underground poet (suicide) (b. 1950)
  • 1991 – Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor (b. 1922)
  • 1993 – Jess Thomas, American tenor (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Lars Ahlfors, Finnish mathematician (b. 1907)
  • 1996 – Joe Morris, C.C., LL.D., Canadian trade unionist (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – Renato Russo, Brazilian rock singer-songwriter (b. 1960)
  • 1998 – Richard Denning, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Donald Dewar, First Minister of Scotland (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Dina Pathak, Indian Actress (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and Prime Minister in exile (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Linguist, and writer of Pakistan (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Cory Lidle, American baseball pitcher (b. 1972)
  • 2006 – Howard Kerzner, Chief Executive Officer of Kerzner International (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Werner von Trapp, member of the Trapp Family Singers (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – David Lee “Tex” Hill, World War Two fighter pilot, flying ace, 1st American Volunteer Group (b. 1915)

October 11 – Holidays

  • Roman Empire – Meditrinalia is held in honor of Meditrina
  • RC Saints – memorial of the blessed Pope John XXIII; Saints Andronicus, Probus, and Tarachus; Alexander Sauli;
  • United States – National Coming Out Day
  • United States – General Pulaski Memorial Day
  • Republic of Macedonia – Revolution Day

 

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On This Day in History October 10

October 10 – Events:

  • 732 – Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, leader of the Franks, Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors.
  • 1471 – Battle of Brunkeberg in Stockholm: Sten Sture the Elder, the Regent of Sweden, with help of farmers and miners, repels an attack by Christian I, King of Denmark.
  • 1575 – Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeated the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1631 – A Saxon army takes over Prague.
  • 1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000-30,000 in the Caribbean.
  • 1845 – In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later renamed the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipmen students and seven professors.
  • 1860 – The original cornerstone of the University of the South is laid in Sewanee, Tennessee.
  • 1868 – Carlos Céspedes issues the Grito de Yara from his plantation, La Demajagua, proclaiming Cuba’s independence.
  • 1889 – Barnard College is founded.
  • 1910 – Tau Epsilon Phi Fraternity is established at Columbia University.
  • 1911 – Wuchang Uprising leads to the demise of Qing Dynasty, the last Imperial court in China, and the founding of the Republic of China.
  • 1911 – The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.
  • 1913 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike thus ending construction on the Panama Canal.
  • 1919 – Richard Strauss’ opera Die Frau ohne Schatten receives its debut performance in Vienna.
  • 1920 – The Carinthian Plebiscite determines that the larger part of Carinthia became part of Austria.
  • 1933 – United Airlines Chesterton Crash: A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation.
  • 1935 – A tornado destroys the 160 metre tall wooden radio tower in Langenberg. As a result of this catastrophe, few wooden towers are constructed after this date.
  • 1938 – The Munich Agreement cedes the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany.
  • 1942 – Soviet Union establishes diplomatic relations with Australia.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: 800 Gypsy children are systematically murdered at Auschwitz death camp.
  • 1954 – The Communist Party of Honduras is founded.
  • 1957 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he was refused service in a Dover, Delaware restaurant.
  • 1957 – The Windscale fire in Cumbria, UK becomes the world’s first major nuclear accident.
  • 1963 – France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia.
  • 1967 – The Outer Space Treaty, signed on January 27 by more than sixty nations, enters into force.
  • 1969 – King Crimson releases their debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King, considered by many to be the first progressive rock album.
  • 1970 – Fiji becomes independent.
  • 1970 – In Montreal, Quebec, a national crisis hits Canada when Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte becomes the second statesman kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
  • 1971 – Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, the London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.
  • 1973 – Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with federal income tax evasion.
  • 1985 – United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the Achille Lauro cruise ship hijackers and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.
  • 1986 – An earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter Scale strikes San Salvador, El Salvador, killing an estimated 1,500 people.
  • 1995 – South African President Nelson Mandela attends Genadendal.
  • 1997 – An Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74.

October 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1344 – Mary Plantagenet,English princess (d. 1362)
  • 1567 – Infanta Caterina Micaela of Spain (d. 1597)
  • 1678 – John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish soldier (d. 1743)
  • 1684 – Antoine Watteau, French painter (d. 1721)
  • 1700 – Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor (d. 1759)
  • 1731 – Henry Cavendish, British scientist (d. 1810)
  • 1780 – John Abercrombie, Scottish physician (d. 1844)
  • 1794 – William Whiting Boardman, American politician (d. 1871)
  • 1813 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (d. 1901)
  • 1819 – Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger, German theologian (d. 1883)
  • 1825 – Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaal Republic (d. 1904)
  • 1828 – Samuel J. Randall, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1890)
  • 1830 – Queen Isabella II of Spain (d. 1904)
  • 1834 – Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author (d. 1872)
  • 1837 – Robert Gould Shaw, American Army officer (d. 1863)
  • 1861 – Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, Nobel laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1863 – Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (d. 1912)
  • 1863 – Helen Dunbar, American actress (d. 1933)
  • 1864 – T. Frank Appleby, United States Congressman from New Jersey (d. 1924)
  • 1870 – Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1953)
  • 1885 – Walter Anderson, German folklorist (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Fridolf Rhudin Swedish actor and comedian (d. 1935)
  • 1895 – Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Deva Gosvami Maharaja, Indian guru (d. 1988)
  • 1895 – Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1898 – Lilly Daché, French-born milliner (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Helen Hayes, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1901 – Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Vernon Duke, American composer and songwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Prince Charles of Belgium, Prince Regent of Belgium (d. 1983)
  • 1906 – Paul Creston, American composer (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Johnny Green, American songwriter, arranger and conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (d. 1983)
  • 1909 – Robert F. Boyle, American production designer and art director
  • 1913 – Claude Simon, French writer, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Tommy Fine, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Ivory Joe Hunter, American R&B singer (d. 1974)
  • 1917 – Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist (d. 1982)
  • 1923 – Nicholas Parsons, English actor
  • 1924 – James Clavell, Australian author (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Ed Wood, American filmmaker (d. 1978)
  • 1924 – Ludmilla Tchérina, French ballet dancer and actress (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Great Antonio, Croatian-Canadian strongman (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Richard Jaeckel, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Dana Elcar, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Eugenio Castellotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1957)
  • 1930 – Yves Chauvin, French chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Harold Pinter, English playwright, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (d. 1970)
  • 1932 – Harry Smith, English footballer
  • 1933 – Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 1935 – Abu Jihad, Founder of the Palestinian group Fatah (d. 1988)
  • 1935 – André Bureau, French Canadian communications executive
  • 1936 – Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist, Nobel laureate, 2007.
  • 1938 – Moriyama Daido, Japanese photographer
  • 1941 – Peter Coyote, American actor
  • 1942 – Radu Vasile, Romanian Prime Minister, 17 April 1998- 13 December 1999
  • 1943 – Frederick Barthelme, American author
  • 1946 – Charles Dance, English actor
  • 1946 – Naoto Kan, Japanese politician
  • 1946 – John Prine, American singer
  • 1946 – Chris Tarrant, English TV presenter
  • 1946 – Ben Vereen, American actor
  • 1946 – Peter Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1946 – Mildred Grieveson (aka: Anne Mather, Caroline Fleming, Cardine Fleming), English writer
  • 1947 – Martin Ruane, English professional wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1948 – Séverine, French singer
  • 1948 – Ed Volker, American musician
  • 1951 – Epeli Ganilau, Fijian statesman
  • 1953 – Midge Ure, Scottish musician
  • 1953 – Gus Williams, American basketball player
  • 1954 – Rekha, Bollywood actress
  • 1954 – David Lee Roth, American singer (Van Halen)
  • 1956 – Amanda Burton, Northern Irish actress
  • 1956 – Mark Gordon, American film producer
  • 1957 – Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese artist
  • 1958 – Tanya Tucker, American singer
  • 1959 – Kirsty MacColl, English singer (d. 2000)
  • 1959 – Bradley Whitford, American actor
  • 1960 – Eric Martin, American singer (Mr. Big)
  • 1960 – Ron Flockhart, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Jodi Benson, American voice actress
  • 1961 – Henrik Jørgensen, Danish marathon runner
  • 1961 – Julia Sweeney, American actress and comedian
  • 1961 – Martin Kemp (actor), British musician (Spandau Ballet) and actor
  • 1963 – Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer (d. 2003)
  • 1963 – Daniel Pearl, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Jolanda de Rover, Dutch swimmer
  • 1963 – Vegard Ulvang, Norwegian cross-country skier.
  • 1964 – Sarah Lancashire, English actress
  • 1964 – Jim Rome, sports talk radio host and host of The Jim Rome Show.
  • 1964 – Quinton Flynn, American voice actor
  • 1965 – Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1965 – Clive Jones, British engineer
  • 1965 – Rebecca Pidgeon, American actress
  • 1965 – Toshi, Japanese singer (X Japan)
  • 1966 – Tony Adams, English footballer
  • 1967 – Jonathan Littell, French-American writer
  • 1968 – Bart Brentjens, Dutch mountain biker
  • 1969 – Brett Favre, American football player
  • 1969 – Wendi McLendon-Covey, American actress
  • 1970 – Dean Kiely, Irish footballer
  • 1970 – Silke Kraushaar-Pielach, German luger
  • 1970 – Bai Ling, Chinese American actress
  • 1970 – Corinna May, German singer
  • 1970 – Sir Matthew Pinsent, English rower
  • 1971 – Ian Bennett, English footballer
  • 1971 – Evgeny Kissin, Russian pianist
  • 1972 – Alexei Zhitnik, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Mario López, American actor
  • 1973 – Semmy Schilt, Dutch kickboxer
  • 1974 – Dale Earnhardt Jr, American NASCAR Sprint Cup series driver
  • 1974 – Assi Cohen, Israeli comedian and actor
  • 1974 – Julio Ricardo Cruz, Argentinian footballer
  • 1974 – Chris Pronger, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Ramón Morales, Mexican footballer
  • 1975 – Plácido Polanco, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Bob Burnquist, Brazilian-born skateboarder
  • 1976 – Pat Burrell, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Jodi Lyn O’Keefe, American actress
  • 1979 – Mya Harrison, American singer
  • 1979 – Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player
  • 1979 – Wu Chun, Brunei Born Taiwanese Actor
  • 1979 – Ahn Chil Hyun (Kangta), lead singer of the former South Korean group H.O.T.
  • 1980 – Tim Maurer, American singer (Suburban Legends)
  • 1980 – Elvis Hammond, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1981 – Michael Oliver, American actor
  • 1982 – Amon Buchanan, Australian rules footballer
  • 1982 – Hideki Mutoh, Japanese racing driver
  • 1983 – Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1984 – Rod Benson, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Stephanie Cheng, Hong Kong singer
  • 1984 – Chiaki Kuriyama, Japanese actress
  • 1984 – Paul Posluszny, American football player
  • 1984 – Troy Tulowitzki, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Dominique Cornu, Belgian professional cyclist
  • 1985 – Aaron Himelstein, American actor

October 10 – Deaths:

  • 19 – Germanicus, Roman general (b. 15 BC)
  • 680 – Husayn ibn Ali, Shi’a imam, Mahomet’s grandson (b. 626)
  • 732 – Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Moorish Governor of Andalusia
  • 833 – al-Ma’mun, Abbasid caliph of Baghdad (b. 786)
  • 1359 – King Hugh IV of Cyprus (b. 1295)
  • 1459 – Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist and classicist (b. 1380)
  • 1531 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss reformer (killed in battle) (b. 1484)
  • 1659 – Abel Tasman, Dutch explorer (b. 1603)
  • 1674 – Thomas Traherne, English poet
  • 1691 – Isaac de Benserade, French poet (b. 1613)
  • 1708 – David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • 1714 – Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (b. 1646)
  • 1720 – Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (b. 1640)
  • 1723 – William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1665)
  • 1725 – Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, Governor-General of New France (b. 1643)
  • 1747 – John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1674)
  • 1759 – Granville Elliott, British military officer (b. 1713)
  • 1765 – Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1688)
  • 1795 – Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian (b. 1714)
  • 1806 – Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, German prince (b. 1772)
  • 1827 – Ugo Foscolo, Italian writer (b. 1778)
  • 1837 – Charles Fourier, French philosopher (b. 1772)
  • 1872 – William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State (b. 1801)
  • 1875 – Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1817)
  • 1876 – Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (b. 1814)
  • 1893 – Lip Pike, American baseball player (b. 1845)
  • 1901 – Lorenzo Snow, fifth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1814)
  • 1913 – Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • 1913 – Adolphus Busch, American brewer (Anheuser-Busch) (b. 1839)
  • 1914 – King Carol I of Romania (b. 1839)
  • 1927 – Gustave Whitehead, German-born inventor (b. 1874)
  • 1930 – Adolf Engler, German botanist (b. 1844)
  • 1938 – Ataturk died-The Founder of The Republic of Turkey
  • 1940 – Berton Churchill, Canadian actor (b. 1876)
  • 1948 – Ted Horn, American race car driver (b.1910)
  • 1957 – Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (b. 1885)
  • 1963 – Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (b. 1893)
  • 1964 – Eddie Cantor, American singer and vaudeville performer (b. 1892)
  • 1964 – Heinrich Neuhaus, Soviet pianist (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Édouard Daladier, French politician (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – John Cawte Beaglehole, New Zealand historian (b. 1901)
  • 1976 – Silvana Armenulic, Yugoslavian folk singer (b. 1939)
  • 1977 – Angelo Muscat, Maltese actor (b. 1930)
  • 1978 – Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (b. 1910)
  • 1978 – Ralph Marterie, American big band leader (b. 1914)
  • 1979 – Christopher Evans, British psychologist and computer scientist (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Paul Paray, French conductor (b. 1886)
  • 1982 – Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – Ralph Richardson, English actor (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Orson Welles, American director and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (b. 1899)
  • 1998 – Clark Clifford, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Tommy Quaid, Irish hurler (b. 1957)
  • 2000 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Eddie Futch, American boxing trainer (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Vasily Mishin, Soviet rocket designer (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Teresa Graves, American actress and singer (b. 1948)
  • 2003 – Eugene Istomin, American pianist (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Christopher Reeve, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Arthur H. Robinson, American cartographer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Wayne Booth, American literary critic (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Milton Obote, President of Uganda (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Ian Scott, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Mehmed Uzun, Contemporary Kurdish writer and novelist. (b. 1953)

October 10 – Holidays:

  • Republic of China (Taiwan) – National Day
  • Fiji – Fiji Day (National Day)
  • Japan – National Health-Sports Day
  • World Mental Health Day
  • Old Michelmas – Celtic holiday
  • North Korea – Party Foundation Party (celebration of the founding of the Workers Party of Korea)
  • Finland – The Day of Finnish literature

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On This Day in History October 9

October 9 – Events:

  • 768 – Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks.
  • 1238 – James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia.
  • 1446 – The hangul alphabet is published in Korea.
  • 1514 – Marriage of Louis XII of France and Mary Tudor.
  • 1558 – Mérida is founded in Venezuela.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1595 – The Spanish army captures Cambrai.
  • 1604 – Supernova 1604, the most recent supernova to be observed in the Milky Way.
  • 1635 – Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he speaks out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
  • 1701 – The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.
  • 1760 – 7 Year’s War: Russian forces occupy Berlin.
  • 1771 – The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.
  • 1776 – Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asis in what is now San Francisco, California.
  • 1799 – Sinking of HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000.
  • 1804 – Hobart, capital of Tasmania, is founded.
  • 1806 – Prussia declares war on France.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships: HMS Detroit and HMS Caledonia.
  • 1820 – Guayaquil declares independence from Spain.
  • 1824 – Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica.
  • 1831 – Capo d’Istria is assassinated.
  • 1835 – Royal College, Colombo established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka.
  • 1837 – Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • 1845 – The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church.
  • 1854 – Beginning of the siege of Sebastopol.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Santa Rosa Island – Union troops repel Confederate attempt to capture Fort Pickens.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Tom’s Brook – Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Tom’s Brook, Virginia.
  • 1871 – The Great Chicago Fire is brought under control.
  • 1874 – General Postal Union is created as a result of the Treaty of Berne.
  • 1888 – The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public.
  • 1914 – World War I: Siege of Antwerp – Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
  • 1919 – Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds “win” the World Series.
  • 1934 – Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.
  • 1936 – Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to generate electricity from the Colorado River and transmit it 266 miles to Los Angeles, California.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain – During a nighttime air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul’s Cathedral in the City of London, England is hit by a bomb.
  • 1941 – A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • 1942 – Statute of Westminster 1931 formalises Australian autonomy.
  • 1942 – The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army’s 4th Infantry Regiment.
  • 1945 – Parade in NYC for Fleet Admiral Nimitz and 13 USN/USMC Medal of Honor recipients.
  • 1962 – Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm.
  • 1963 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
  • 1967 – A day after being caught, Che Guevara is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
  • 1969 – In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection with the trial of the “Chicago Eight” (trial started on September 24).
  • 1970 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
  • 1981 – Abolition of capital punishment in France.
  • 1983 – Rangoon bombing: attempted assassination of South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan during an official visit to Rangoon, Burma. Chun survives but the blast kills 17 of his entourage, including four cabinet ministers, and 17 others were injured. Four Burmese officials also die in the blast.
  • 1986 – The musical The Phantom of the Opera has its first performance at Her Majesty’s Theatre in London.
  • 1989 – An official news agency in the Soviet Union reports the landing of a UFO in Voronezh.
  • 1989 – In Leipzig, East Germany, 70,000 protesters demand the legalisation of opposition groups and democratic reforms.
  • 1991 – Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1992 – A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family’s 1980 Chevrolet Malibu.
  • 1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.
  • 1999 – The last flight of the SR-71.
  • 2001 – Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attack.
  • 2006 – North Korea allegedly tests its first nuclear device.

October 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1201 – Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne (d. 1274)
  • 1221 – Salimbene di Adam, Italian chronicler
  • 1261 – King Dinis of Portugal (d. 1325)
  • 1328 – King Peter I of Cyprus (d. 1369)
  • 1547 – Miguel de Cervantes (d. 1616)
  • 1581 – Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac, French mathematician (d. 1638)
  • 1585 – Heinrich Schütz, German composer (d. 1672)
  • 1586 – Archduke Leopold V of Austria (d. 1632)
  • 1704 – Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician (d. 1777)
  • 1757 – King Charles X of France (d. 1836)
  • 1796 – Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English Egyptologist (d. 1878)
  • 1835 – Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer (d. 1921)
  • 1840 – Simeon Solomon, British artist (d. 1905)
  • 1852 – Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1859 – Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer (d. 1935)
  • 1871 – George Gauthier, Bishop of Montreal and rector of the Université de Montréal (d. 1940)
  • 1871 – Didak Buntic, Croatian monk and scholar.
  • 1873 – Karl Schwarzschild, German physicist and astronomer (d. 1916)
  • 1873 – Charles Walgreen, American entrepreneur (d. 1939)
  • 1873 – Carl Flesch, Hungarian violinist (d. 1944)
  • 1874 – Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter (d. 1947)
  • 1879 – Max von Laue, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
  • 1886 – Rube Marquard, American baseball player (d. 1980)
  • 1888 – Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician (d. 1938)
  • 1890 – Aimee Semple McPherson, American evangelist (d. 1944)
  • 1892 – Ivo Andric, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1892 – Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (d. 1941)
  • 1893 – Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer and photographer (d. 1945)
  • 1900 – Alastair Sim, Scottish actor (d. 1976)
  • 1902 – Freddie Young, British cinematographer (d. 1998)
  • 1903 – Walter O’Malley, American baseball executive (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegalese poet and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Quintin Hogg, British politician (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Jacques Tati, French filmmaker (d. 1982)
  • 1908 – Harry Hooton, Australian poet (d. 1961)
  • 1908 – Lee Wiley, American jazz singer (d. 1975)
  • 1909 – Donald Coggan, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Clifford M. Hardin, United States Secretary of Agriculture
  • 1918 – E. Howard Hunt, American Watergate figure (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Lila Kedrova, Russian-born actress (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian author (d. 1976)
  • 1921 – Michel Boisrond, French film director (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Léon Dion, Quebec political scientist (d. 1997)
  • 1923 – Fyvush Finkel, American actor
  • 1925 – Johnny Stompanato, American organized crime figure (d. 1958)
  • 1926 – Danièle Delorme, French actress
  • 1928 – Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer
  • 1931 – Tony Booth, British actor and father of Cherie Blair
  • 1933 – Peter Mansfield, British physicist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1934 – Jill Ker Conway, Australian-American author
  • 1935 – Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, member of the British Royal Family
  • 1936 – Brian Blessed, English actor
  • 1938 – Heinz Fischer, Austrian politician
  • 1940 – John Lennon, British musician and songwriter (The Beatles) (d. 1980)
  • 1940 – Joe Pepitone, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Trent Lott, American politician
  • 1941 – Brian Lamb, Founder of c-span
  • 1941 – Chucho Valdés, Cuban musician
  • 1944 – John Entwistle, British musician (The Who) (d. 2002)
  • 1944 – Nona Hendryx, American singer (LaBelle)
  • 1945 – Taiguara, Brazilian musician (d. 1996)
  • 1946 – Tansu Çiller, Prime Minister of Turkey
  • 1947 – France Gall, French singer
  • 1947 – William E. McAnulty, Jr., American lawyer (d. 2007)
  • 1947 – Tony Zappone, American broadcaster, journalist, author, photographer
  • 1948 – Jackson Browne, American musician
  • 1950 – Jody Williams, American teacher and aid worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1950 – Brian Downing, former baseball player
  • 1952 – Sharon Osbourne, English music manager and wife of Ozzy Osbourne
  • 1953 – Tony Shalhoub, American actor
  • 1954 – Scott Bakula, American actor
  • 1954 – James Fearnley, English musician (The Pogues)
  • 1954 – Anne-Marie Goumba, African politician
  • 1954 – John O’Hurley, American actor and game show host
  • 1957 – Don Garber, American sports commissioner
  • 1958 – Michael Pare, American actor
  • 1958 – Al Jourgensen, American musician (Ministry)
  • 1960 – Kenny Garrett, American jazz saxophonist
  • 1961 – Julian Bailey, British racing driver
  • 1962 – Jorge Burruchaga, Argentinian footballer
  • 1964 – Bobby Flay, American celebrity chef and restaurateur
  • 1964 – Guillermo del Toro, Mexican film director
  • 1966 – Christopher Östlund, Swedish Publisher and entrepreneur
  • 1966 – David Cameron, British politician
  • 1967 – Eddie Guerrero, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1969 – P.J. Harvey, English musician
  • 1970 – Kenny Anderson, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Park Sang-min, South Korean actor
  • 1970 – Savannah, American pornographic actress (d. 1994)
  • 1970 – Annika Sörenstam, Swedish golfer
  • 1970 – Jason Butler Harner, American actor
  • 1971 – Simon Atlee, British photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – Michael Manna, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Sarah Vandenbergh, Australian actor
  • 1973 – Terry Balsamo, American guitarist
  • 1973 – Steven Burns, American actor and musician
  • 1973 – Erin Daniels, American actress
  • 1973 – Fabio Lione, Italian musician (Rhapsody)
  • 1973 – Carlos Pavón, Honduran footballer
  • 1975 – Sean Lennon, American musician & son of ex-Beatle John Lennon
  • 1975 – Mark Viduka, Australian footballer
  • 1976 – Nick Swardson American Actor
  • 1977 – Brian Roberts, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Nicky Byrne, Irish musician (Westlife)
  • 1978 – Juan Dixon, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Gonzalo Sorondo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979 – Brandon Routh, American actor
  • 1979 – Todd Kelly, Australian racing driver
  • 1980 – Ibrahim Fazeel, Maldivian Footballer
  • 1980 – Henrik Zetterberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Peter Hill, British Music Photographer
  • 1981 – Zachery Ty Bryan, American actor
  • 1981 – Darius Miles, American basketball player
  • 1982 – António Mendonça, Angolan footballer
  • 1982 – Shi Jun, Chinese footballer
  • 1983 – Andreas Zuber, Austrian racing driver
  • 1983 – Stephen Gionta, American ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Laure Manaudou, French swimmer
  • 1992 – Tyler James Williams, American actor
  • 1994 – Jodelle Ferland, Canadian actress

October 9 – Deaths:

  • 1047 – Pope Clement II (b. 1005)
  • 1253 – Robert Grosseteste, English statesman and bishop
  • 1273 – Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany
  • 1390 – King John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1555 – Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (b. 1493)
  • 1562 – Gabriele Falloppio, Italian anatomist and early advocate for the use of condoms. (b. 1523)
  • 1569 – Vladimir of Staritsa, Russian prince (b. 1533)
  • 1597 – Ashikaga Yoshiaki, Japanese shogun (b. 1537)
  • 1691 – William Sacheverell, English statesman (b. 1638)
  • 1709 – Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland, English mistress of Charles II of England (b. 1640)
  • 1729 – Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (b. 1654)
  • 1793 – Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary (b. 1718)
  • 1797 – Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1720)
  • 1806 – Benjamin Banneker, American astronomer (b. 1731)
  • 1831 – John Capodistria, Governor of Greece (b. 1776)
  • 1873 – George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (b. 1785)
  • 1924 – Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1934 – King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (assassinated) (b. 1888)
  • 1934 – Louis Barthou, Prime Minister of France (assassinated) (b. 1862)
  • 1940 – Wilfred Grenfell, medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador (b. 1865).
  • 1941 – Helen Morgan, American singer and actress (b. 1900)
  • 1943 – Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1950 – George Hainsworth, National Hockey League goaltender (b. 1895)
  • 1955 – Theodor Cardinal Innitzer, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1875)
  • 1956 – Marie Doro, American actress (b. 1882)
  • 1958 – Pope Pius XII (b. 1876)
  • 1962 – Milan Vidmar, Slovenian electrical engineer and chess player (b. 1885)
  • 1967 – Che Guevara, Argentine revolutionary and guerilla leader (executed) (b. 1928)
  • 1967 – Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1967 – André Maurois, French author (b. 1885)
  • 1968 – Pierre Mulele, Congolese revolutionary (b. 1929)
  • 1972 – Miriam Hopkins, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Oskar Schindler, German businessman (b. 1908)
  • 1976 – Walter Warlimont, German General WWII (b. 1894)
  • 1978 – Jacques Brel, Belgian singer and actor (b. 1929)
  • 1985 – Emílio Garrastazu Médici, president of Brazil (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Guru Gopinath, Indian classical dancer (b. 1908)
  • 1987 – Clare Boothe Luce, American diplomat (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – William Parry Murphy, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1892)
  • 1989 – Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (b. 1940)
  • 1995 – Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1903))
  • 1996 – Walter Kerr, American theater critic (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Milt Jackson, American jazz vibraphonist (b. 1923)
  • 1999 – Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – David Dukes, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 2000 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Dagmar, American television personality (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Herbert Ross, American film director and producer (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Charles Guggenheim, American film director/producer (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Louis Nye, American comedian and actor (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Paul Hunter, professional snooker player (b. 1978)
  • 2006 – Raymond Noorda, co-founder and long time CEO of Novell (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Enrico Banducci, American nightclub owner (b. 1922)

October 9 – Holidays:

  • South Korea – Hangul Day: celebrating the invention of hangul, the native Korean phonetic alphabet.
  • Uganda – Independence Day (from Britain, 1962)
  • Leif Erikson Day – in United States, Iceland and Norway: celebrating the first European landing in North America
  • Ecuador – Guayaquil’s Independence Day (from Spain 1820) (Dia de la independencia de Guayaquil)
  • Romania – Romanian Holocaust Remembrance Day

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