On This Day in History March 6

March 6 – Events:

  • 1079 – Omar Khayyám completes the Iranian calendar.
  • 1447 – Nicholas V becomes Pope.
  • 1454 – Thirteen Years’ War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1479 – Treaty of Alcaçovas – Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa.
  • 1521 – Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Guam.
  • 1788 – The First Fleet arrives at Norfolk Island in order to found a convict settlement.
  • 1820 – The Missouri Compromise is signed into law by President James Monroe. The compromise allows Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, but makes the rest of the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase territory slavery-free.
  • 1834 – York, Upper Canada is incorporated as Toronto.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo – After a thirteen day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 187 Texas volunteers defending the Alamo are defeated and the fort is captured.
  • 1853 – The Giuseppe Verdi opera La Traviata premieres in Venice.
  • 1856 – The University of Maryland, College Park is chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College.
  • 1857 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
  • 1869 – Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
  • 1899 – Bayer registers aspirin as a trademark.
  • 1900 – A coal mine explosion in West Virginia traps 50 coal miners.
  • 1901 – In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany.
  • 1902 – The Spanish football club Real Madrid is founded.
  • 1921 – The Portuguese Communist Party is founded as the Portuguese Section of the Communist International.
  • 1925 – Pionerskaya Pravda, one of the oldest children’s newspapers in Europe, is founded.
  • 1925 – Belgium annexes Eupen, Malmedy, and Sankt Vith.
  • 1927 – Fritz Lang’s Metropolis is released.
  • 1940 – Winter War: An armistice is signed by Finland and the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 – A communist-dominated government under Petru Groza assumes power in Romania.
  • 1946 – Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.
  • 1951 – The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins.
  • 1953 – Georgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov succeeds Josef Stalin as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1957 – United Kingdom colonies Gold Coast and British Togoland become the independent Republic of Ghana.
  • 1957 – Israel withdraws its troops from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1964 – Prophet Elijah Muhammad officially gives Cassius Clay the name Muhammad Ali meaning “beloved of Allah”.
  • 1964 – Constantine II becomes King of Greece.
  • 1964 – Tom O’Hara sets a new world record for the indoor mile run by completing it in 3 minutes, 56.4 seconds.
  • 1970 – Suspected murderer Charles Manson releases Lie: The Love & Terror Cult to help finance his defense.
  • 1975 – Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • 1981 – After 19 years presenting the CBS Evening News, Walter Cronkite signs off for the last time.
  • 1984 – Twelve-month-long strike in British coal industry begins.
  • 1987 – The British ferry MS Herald of Free Enterprise capsizes in about 90 seconds killing 193.
  • 1992 – The Michelangelo computer virus begins to affect computers.
  • 1992 – Founding of the Council of the Baltic Sea States.
  • 1994 – Referendum in Moldova results in the electorate voting against possible reunification with Romania.
  • 1997 – Picasso’s painting Tête de Femme is stolen from a London gallery, and is recovered a week later.

March 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1340 – John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (d. 1399)
  • 1405 – King John II of Castile (d. 1454)
  • 1459 – Jacob Fugger, German banker (d. 1525)
  • 1475 – Michelangelo, Italian artist (d. 1564)
  • 1483 – Francesco Guicciardini, Italian statesman and historian (d. 1540)
  • 1495 – Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (d. 1556)
  • 1619 – Cyrano de Bergerac, French soldier, poet (d. 1655)
  • 1663 – Francis Atterbury, British man of letters (d. 1732)
  • 1706 – George Pocock, British admiral (d. 1792)
  • 1716 – Pehr Kalm, Swedish explorer and naturalist (d. 1779)
  • 1761 – Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French General (d. 1828)
  • 1779 – Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (d. 1869)
  • 1787 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (d. 1826)
  • 1806 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet (d. 1861)
  • 1812 – Aaron Lufkin Dennison American watch manufacturer (d. 1895)
  • 1817 – Princess Clémentine of Orléans (d. 1907)
  • 1818 – William Claflin, 27th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
  • 1831 – Philip Sheridan, American Civil War Union cavalry officer (d. 1888)
  • 1834 – George du Maurier British illustrator and writer (d. 1896)
  • 1870 – Oscar Straus, Viennese operetta composer (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)
  • 1885 – Ring Lardner, American writer (d. 1933)
  • 1893 – Furry Lewis, American blues guitarist (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Lefty Grove, American Baseball Player (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Empress Kojun of Japan (d. 2000)
  • 1904 – Joseph Schmidt, Austrian tenor (d. 1942)
  • 1904 – José Antonio Aguirre, Basque politician (d. 1960)
  • 1905 – Bob Wills, American singer (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Lou Costello, American actor comedian (d. 1959)
  • 1914 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, 52nd Da’i al Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohras
  • 1915 – Pete Gray, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Will Eisner, American illustrator and cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Frankie Howerd, English comedian (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Ed McMahon, American television personality (d. 2009)
  • 1925 – Wes Montgomery, American musician (d. 1968)
  • 1926 – Alan Greenspan, American economist
  • 1926 – Andrzej Wajda, Polish film director
  • 1927 – Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Gordon Cooper, astronaut (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Norman Treigle, American bass-baritone (d. 1975)
  • 1930 – Lorin Maazel, French-born American conductor
  • 1931 – Hal Needham, American stuntman
  • 1933 – Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – John Noakes, British television presenter
  • 1935 – Ron Delany, Irish athlete
  • 1936 – Bob Akin, American industrialist and race car driver (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Marion Barry Jr., American politician
  • 1936 – Jean Boht, English actress
  • 1937 – Ivan Boesky, American stock trader
  • 1937 – Valentina Tereshkova, cosmonaut
  • 1939 – Adam Osborne, British author and computer designer (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Infanta Margarita of Spain, duchess of Soria
  • 1939 – Cookie Rojas, baseball player
  • 1940 – Joanna Miles, American actress
  • 1940 – Willie Stargell, baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1942 – Ben Murphy, American actor
  • 1944 – Kiri Te Kanawa, New Zealand singer
  • 1944 – Mary Wilson, American singer (Supremes)
  • 1946 – David Gilmour, British musician (Pink Floyd)
  • 1947 – Kiki Dee, British singer
  • 1947 – Dick Fosbury, American athlete
  • 1947 – Martin Kove, American actor
  • 1947 – Teru Miyamoto, Japanese author
  • 1947 – Rob Reiner, American actor, comedian, and film producer
  • 1948 – Anna Maria Horsford, American actress
  • 1949 – Shaukat Aziz, Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1949 – Martin Buchan, Scottish footballer
  • 1951 – Gerrie Knetemann, Dutch cyclist (d. 2004)
  • 1953 – Jan Kjærstad, Norwegian author
  • 1953 – Jacklyn Zeman, American actress
  • 1955 – Alberta Watson, Canadian actress
  • 1958 – Eddie Deezen, American actor
  • 1959 – Saul Anuzis, American politician
  • 1959 – Tom Arnold, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Valerie French, American animatronics art director
  • 1963 – D.L. Hughley, American comedian and actor
  • 1964 – Skip Ewing, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1964 – Madonna Wayne Gacy, American musician
  • 1966 – Alan Davies, British comedian and actor
  • 1967 – Connie Britton, American actress
  • 1967 – Julio Bocca, Argentinean Ballet Dancer
  • 1968 – Moira Kelly, American actress
  • 1968 – Michael Romeo, American musician (Symphony X)
  • 1969 – Andrea Elson, American actress
  • 1969 – Tari Phillips, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Amy Pietz, American actress
  • 1969 – Greg Scott, British TV personality
  • 1970 – Shane Brolly, British actor
  • 1971 – Sean Morley, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Darrick Martin, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Terry Murphy, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1972 – Shaquille O’Neal, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Michael Finley, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Sebastian Siegel, British-American actor
  • 1975 – Aracely Arambula, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1976 – Ken Anderson, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Giorgos Karagounis, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Marcus Thames, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Sage Rosenfels, American Football Player
  • 1979 – Tim Howard, American soccer player
  • 1979 – David Flair, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Erik Bedard, Canadian baseball player
  • 1979 – Ryan Nyquist, American BMX rider
  • 1980 – Ross Mawhinney, British-born Italian radio DJ
  • 1981 – Ellen Muth, American actress
  • 1983 – Andranik Teymourian, Iranian footballer
  • 1984 – Becky, Japanese-British entertainer
  • 1985 – Albert Reed, American model
  • 1986 – Eli Marienthal, American actor
  • 1987 – Hannah Taylor-Gordon, English actress
  • 1992 – Momoko Tsugunaga, Japanese singer
  • 1996 – Savanah Stehlin, American actress

March 6 – Deaths:

  • 766 – Chrodegang of Metz, Frankish bishop of Metz
  • 1252 – Saint Rose of Viterbo, Italian saint (b. 1235)
  • 1490 – Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (b. 1458)
  • 1531 – Pedrarias Dávila, Spanish conquistador
  • 1627 – Krzysztof Zbaraski, Polish statesman (b. 1580)
  • 1754 – Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1694)
  • 1758 – Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington, English politician (b. 1705)
  • 1764 – Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1690)
  • 1796 – Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (b. 1713)
  • 1836 – Davy Crockett, American frontiersman (b. 1786)
  • 1836 – William Barret Travis, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1809)
  • 1836 – James Butler Bonham, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1807)
  • 1836 – Jim Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (b. 1796)
  • 1842 – Constanze Mozart, wife of W.A. Mozart (b. 1763)
  • 1854 – Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, British soldier and politician (b. 1778)
  • 1860 – Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (b. 1783)
  • 1866 – William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher, and historian of science (b. 1794)
  • 1881 – Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)
  • 1888 – Louisa May Alcott, American novelist (b. 1832)
  • 1895 – Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (b. 1813)
  • 1899 – Victoria Kaiulani, Hawaiian princess (b. 1875)
  • 1900 – Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and industrialist (b. 1834)
  • 1905 – John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician (b. 1818)
  • 1932 – John Philip Sousa, American band leader, conductor, and composer (b. 1854)
  • 1933 – Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1873)
  • 1935 – Fridolf Rhudin Swedish actor and comedian (b. 1895)
  • 1939 – Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (b. 1852)
  • 1941 – Gutzon Borglum, Danish sculptor (b. 1867)
  • 1948 – Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (b. 1914)
  • 1950 – Albert Lebrun, President of France (b. 1871)
  • 1951 – Ivor Novello, Welsh actor, musician, and composer (b. 1893)
  • 1951 – Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman (b. 1880)
  • 1952 – Jürgen Stroop, Nazi SS-leader (executed) (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – George Formby, British comedian and singer (b. 1904)
  • 1964 – King Paul of Greece (b. 1901)
  • 1965 – Margaret Dumont, American actress (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – John Haden Badley, English author and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1967 – Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (b. 1901)
  • 1967 – Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Nadya Rusheva, Russian painter (b. 1952)
  • 1970 – William Hopper, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1971 – Thurston Dart, English harpsichordist and conductor (b. 1921)
  • 1973 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Max ‘Slapsie Maxie’ Rosenbloom, American boxer and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – George Geary, English cricketer (b. 1893)
  • 1982 – Ayn Rand, Russian-American author (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Henry Wilcoxon, Dominican actor (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Georgia O’Keeffe, American artist (b. 1887)
  • 1988 – Vol. Mairéad Farrell, Vol. Seán Savage and Vol. Daniel McCann killed within minutes of each other; Irish Republicans.
  • 1994 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress, political activist, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Michael Manley, Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Frank Barrett, American baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifah, emir of Bahrain (b. 1933)
  • 1999 – Dennis Viollet, former footballer (b. 1933)
  • 2000 – John Colicos, Canadian actor (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Kim Walker, American actress (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Bryan Fogarty, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – John Sanford, American author (b. 1904)
  • 2004 – Frances Dee, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Ray Fernandez, American professional wrestler (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Hans Bethe, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Tommy Vance, British radio disc jockey (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Danny Gardella, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Teresa Wright, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – King Floyd, American musician (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Dana Reeve, American actress, wife of Christopher Reeve (b. 1961)
  • 2007 – Jean Baudrillard, French cultural theorist, philosopher, political commentator and photographer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Allen Coage (aka “Bad News Brown”, “Bad News Allen”), American professional wrestler and judoka (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (b. 1909)
  • 2008 – Peter Poreku Cardinal Dery Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Tamale, Ghana

March 6 – Holidays:

  • Ghana – Independence Day (from Britain, 1957)
  • Alamo Day in Texas
  • Saint Chrodegang
  • Saint Fridolin
  • Saint Colette aka Saint Coleta of Ghent
  • Saint Olegarius

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On This Day in History March 5

March 5 – Events:

  • 363 – Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death.
  • 1046 – Naser Khosrow begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.
  • 1496 – England King Henry VII issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorizing them to explore unknown lands.
  • 1689 – Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham is named Secretary of State for the Northern Department.
  • 1766 – Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.
  • 1770 – Boston Massacre: Five Americans are killed by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War five years later.
  • 1784 – Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney is named President of the Board of Trade.
  • 1793 – French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
  • 1824 – First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.
  • 1836 – Samuel Colt makes the first production-model revolver, the .34-caliber.
  • 1842 – Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
  • 1848 – Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
  • 1850 – The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.
  • 1860 – Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.
  • 1861 – The “Stars and Bars” is adopted as the flag of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1868 – A court of impeachment is organized in the United States Senate to hear charges against President Andrew Johnson.
  • 1868 – Mefistofele, an opera by Arrigo Boito premieres at La Scala.
  • 1872 – George Westinghouse patents the air brake.
  • 1894 – Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery becomes First Lord of the Treasury.
  • 1904 – Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.
  • 1905 – Russian troops begin to retreat from Mukden, Manchuria after losing 100,000 troops in three days.
  • 1907 – The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops.
  • 1912 – Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • 1915 – World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.
  • 1916 – The Spanish football club, the Real Club Deportivo Mallorca is founded.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a “bank holiday,” closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions.
  • 1933 – In Germany, the Nazis win 44 percent of the vote in parliamentary elections.
  • 1936 – First flight of the Supermarine Spitfire fighter aircraft.
  • 1940 – Members of Soviet politburo sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, known also as the Katyn massacre.
  • 1943 – First flight of Gloster Meteor jet aircraft in the United Kingdom.
  • 1945 – World War II: The “Battle of the Ruhr” begins.
  • 1946 – Winston Churchill uses the phrase “Iron Curtain” in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri.
  • 1946 – Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
  • 1949 – The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
  • 1958 – The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is established.
  • 1958 – Explorer 2 spacecraft launches and fails to reach Earth orbit.
  • 1960 – The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
  • 1964 – Ceylon declares emergency crisis due to unrest.
  • 1965 – March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
  • 1966 – BOAC Flight 911 crashes on Mount Fuji, Japan, killing 124.
  • 1966 – In Luxembourg, Udo Jürgens wins the eleventh Eurovision Song Contest for Austria.
  • 1968 – The U.S. launches Solar Explorer B, (aka Explorer 37) from the Wallops Island to study the Sun.
  • 1970 – The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations.
  • 1970 – Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.
  • 1973 – Donald DeFreeze, the future Symbionese Liberation Army leader, escapes from Vacaville Prison.
  • 1974 – Yom Kippur War: Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal.
  • 1976 – The British pound falls below $2 USD for the first time.
  • 1978 – The Landsat 3 is launched from Vandenberg AFB in California.
  • 1979 – Detection equipment picks up a gamma ray burst originating from the Large Magellanic Cloud, leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters.
  • 1979 – Voyager 1′s closest approach to Jupiter, 172,000 miles.
  • 1979 – Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49.
  • 1982 – Venera 14, a Soviet satellite arrives at the planet Venus.
  • 1988 – Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised.
  • 1991 – Iraq releases all Gulf War prisoners.
  • 1998 – NASA announces that the Clementine probe orbiting the Moon has found enough water to support a human colony.
  • 1999 – Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut.

March 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1133 – King Henry II of England (d. 1189)
  • 1324 – King David II of Scotland (d. 1371)
  • 1512 – Gerardus Mercator, Flemish cartographer (d. 1594)
  • 1563 – John Coke, English politician (d. 1644)
  • 1575 – William Oughtred, English mathematician (d. 1660)
  • 1585 – John George I, Elector of Saxony (d. 1656)
  • 1658 – Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (d. 1730)
  • 1693 – Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (d. 1754)
  • 1696 – Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Italian painter (d. 1770)
  • 1703 (N.S.) – Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky, Russian poet (d. 1768)
  • 1723 – Princess Mary of Great Britain (d. 1773)
  • 1739 – Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (d. 1819)
  • 1748 – Jonas C. Dryander, Swedish botanist (d. 1810)
  • 1748 – William Shield, English musician (d. 1829)
  • 1750 – Jean-Baptiste Gaspard d’Ansse de Villoison, French classical scholar (d. 1805)
  • 1794 – Jacques Babinet, French physicist (d. 1872)
  • 1794 – Robert Cooper Grier, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1870)
  • 1814 – Wilhelm von Giesebrecht, German historian (d. 1889)
  • 1815 – John Wentworth, American politician (d. 1888)
  • 1817 – Austen Henry Layard, English archaeologist (d. 1894)
  • 1836 – Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929)
  • 1853 – Howard Pyle, American author and illustrator (d. 1911)
  • 1867 – Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, Premier of Quebec (d. 1952)
  • 1869 – Michael von Faulhaber, German cardinal and archbishop (d. 1952)
  • 1870 – Frank Norris, American writer (d. 1902)
  • 1871 – Rosa Luxemburg, Socialist revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1873 – Olav Bjaaland, Norwegian explorer and cross-country skier (d. 1961)
  • 1874 – Henry Travers, British actor (d. 1965)
  • 1879 – Sir William Beveridge, British economist (d. 1963)
  • 1883 – Marius Barbeau, French Canadian ethnographer and folklorist (b. 1969)
  • 1886 – Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
  • 1887 – Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer (d. 1959)
  • 1897 – Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (d. 1960)
  • 1898 – Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People’s Republic of China (d. 1976)
  • 1898 – Soong May-ling, Chinese wife of Chiang Kai-Shek (d. 2003)
  • 1904 – Karl Rahner, German theologian (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Irving Fiske, American writer, playwright, (d. 1990)
  • 1908 – Sir Rex Harrison, English actor (d. 1990)
  • 1914 – Philip Farkas, American horn player and teacher (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Laurent Schwartz, French mathematician (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Milt Schmidt, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and manager
  • 1918 – Red Storey, Canadian football player and ice hockey referee (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • 1920 – Virginia Christine, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Elmer Valo, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – James Noble, American actor
  • 1922 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian writer and film director (d. 1975)
  • 1923 – Laurence Tisch, American investor
  • 1927 – Jack Cassidy, American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1929 – Erik Carlsson, Swedish rally driver
  • 1930 – Del Crandall, American baseball player
  • 1931 – Fred Othon Aristidès, French comics artist
  • 1931 – Barry Tuckwell, Australian horn virtuoso
  • 1933 – Tommy Tucker, American blues singer and pianist (d. 1982)
  • 1934 – Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 – James B. Sikking, American actor
  • 1936 – Canaan Banana, first President of Zimbabwe (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Dean Stockwell, American actor
  • 1938 – Paul Evans, American singer and songwriter
  • 1938 – Fred Williamson, American football player and actor
  • 1939 – Samantha Eggar, English actress
  • 1939 – Peter Woodcock, Canadian serial killer
  • 1939 – Pierre Wynants, Belgian chef
  • 1940 – Malcolm Hebden, English actor
  • 1942 – Felipe González, Prime Minister of Spain
  • 1942 – Mike Resnick, American science fiction author
  • 1943 – Billy Backus, American boxer
  • 1944 – Lucio Battisti, Italian singer (d. 1998)
  • 1944 – Roy Gutman, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner
  • 1946 – Murray Head, British actor and singer
  • 1946 – Richard Bell, Canadian musician (The Band)
  • 1947 – Eddie Hodges, American actor and singer
  • 1947 – Clodagh Rodgers, Irish singer
  • 1947 – Kent Tekulve, American baseball player
  • 1948 – Eddy Grant, Guyana-born singer
  • 1948 – Richard Hickox, English musical conductor
  • 1948 – Elaine Paige, English singer and actress
  • 1948 – Paquirri, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1984)
  • 1949 – Franz Josef Jung, Commander-in-chief of the German Bundeswehr
  • 1951 – Giorgos Ninios, Greek actor
  • 1952 – Alan Clark, English keyboardist (Dire Straits)
  • 1954 – Marsha Warfield, American actress, comedienne
  • 1955 – Penn Jillette, American magician and comedian
  • 1956 – Adriana Barraza, Mexican actress
  • 1956 – Teena Marie, American singer
  • 1957 – Mark E. Smith, English singer (The Fall)
  • 1958 – Andy Gibb, English-born Australian singer and teen idol (d. 1988)
  • 1959 – Vazgen Sargsyan, Armenian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1959 – David Fury, American television writer and producer
  • 1960 – David Tibet, English musician (Current 93)
  • 1962 – Jonathan Penner, American reality show contestant
  • 1962 – Charlie and Craig Reid, Scottish musicians (The Proclaimers)
  • 1966 – Michael Irvin, American football player
  • 1966 – Bob Halkidis, Canadian hockey player
  • 1966 – Aasif Mandvi, Indian-born American actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Paul Blackthorne, British actor
  • 1969 – Moussa Saïb, former Algerian footballer
  • 1969 – MC Solaar, French rapper
  • 1970 – John Frusciante, American musician (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
  • 1970 – Lisa Robin Kelly, American actress
  • 1971 – Jeffrey Hammonds, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Evil Jared Hasselhoff, American musician (Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1971 – Yuri Lowenthal, American actor/author/painter
  • 1972 – Luca Turilli, Italian musician (Rhapsody)
  • 1973 – Yannis Anastasiou, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Ryan Franklin, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Kevin Connolly, American television actor and comedian
  • 1974 – Jens Jeremies, German footballer
  • 1974 – Matt Lucas, English comedian
  • 1974 – Eva Mendes, American actress
  • 1975 – Jolene Blalock, American actress
  • 1975 – Sasho Petrovski, Australian soccer player
  • 1975 – Niki Taylor, American model
  • 1975 – Luciano Burti, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1976 – Šarunas Jasikevicius, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1976 – Paul Konerko, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Katerina Matziou, Greek actress
  • 1977 – Bryan Berard, American ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Mike MacDougal, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Wally Szczerbiak, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Mike Hessman, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kimberly McCullough, American actress
  • 1979 – Tang Gonghong, Chinese weightlifter
  • 1981 – Andreas Wiig, Norwegian snowboarder
  • 1981 – Paul Martin, American ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Shugo Oshinari, Japanese actor
  • 1982 – Daniel Carter, New Zealand Rugby player
  • 1982 – Giorgia Palmas, Italian television personality and model
  • 1985 – Ken’ichi Matsuyama, Japanese actor
  • 1985 – Whitney Port, Cast member of The Hills TV series
  • 1986 – Matty Fryatt, English footballer
  • 1987 – Anna Chakvetadze, Russian tennis player
  • 1988 – Trevor Carson, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1988 – Bjarni Viðarsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1989 – Jake Lloyd, American actor

March 5 – Deaths:

  • 1534 – Antonio da Correggio, Italian painter (b. 1489)
  • 1539 – Nuno da Cunha, Portuguese governor in India (b. 1487)
  • 1592 – Michael Coxcie, Flemish painter (b. 1499)
  • 1611 – Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1533)
  • 1622 – Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma (b. 1569)
  • 1695 – Henry Wharton, English writer (b. 1664)
  • 1726 – Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull, English politician
  • 1776 – Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1694)
  • 1778 – Thomas Arne, English composer (b. 1710)
  • 1815 – Franz Mesmer, Austrian developer of hypnotism (b. 1734)
  • 1827 – Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician (b. 1749)
  • 1827 – Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist (b. 1745)
  • 1829 – John Adams, last surviving HMS Bounty mutineer (b. 1766)
  • 1849 – David Scott, Scottish painter (b. 1806)
  • 1876 – Marie d’Agoult, German-born writer (b. 1805)
  • 1893 – Hippolyte Taine, French historian (b. 1828
  • 1895 – Nikolai Leskov, Russian writer (b. 1831)
  • 1895 – Henry Rawlinson, British soldier and scholar (b. 1810)
  • 1903 – George Francis Robert Henderson, British soldier (b. 1854)
  • 1907 – Friedrich Blass, German classical scholar (b. 1843)
  • 1925 – Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (b. 1859)
  • 1926 – Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (b. 1841)
  • 1927 – Franz Mertens, German mathematician (b. 1840)
  • 1929 – David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-born American automobile pioneer (b. 1854)
  • 1931 – Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted and imprisoned for ritualist activities (b. 1839)
  • 1940 – Cai Yuanpei, Chinese educator (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Max Jacob, French poet and writer (b. 1876)
  • 1945 – Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)
  • 1947 – Alfredo Casella, Italian composer (b. 1883)
  • 1953 – Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer, (b. 1891)
  • 1953 – Joseph Stalin, Georgian leader of the Soviet Union (b. 1879)
  • 1953 – Herman J. Mankiewicz, American screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • 1955 – Antanas Merkys, President of Lithuania (b. 1888)
  • 1963 – Patsy Cline, American singer (b. 1932)
  • 1963 – Cowboy Copas, American singer (b. 1913)
  • 1963 – Hawkshaw Hawkins, American singer (b. 1921)
  • 1965 – Chen Cheng, Chinese politician (b. 1897)
  • 1965 – Pepper Martin, American baseball player (b. 1904)
  • 1966 – Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – Georges Vanier, Governor General of Canada (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Michael Jeffery, British music manager (b. 1933)
  • 1974 – Billy De Wolfe, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1974 – Sol Hurok, Russian-born impresario (b. 1888)
  • 1977 – Tom Pryce, Welsh Formula One driver (b. 1949)
  • 1980 – Jay Silverheels, Canadian actor (b. 1912)
  • 1980 – Winifred Wagner, German opera producer (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Yip Harburg, American lyricist (b. 1896)
  • 1982 – John Belushi, American actor (b. 1949)
  • 1984 – Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (b. 1915)
  • 1984 – William Powell, American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1988 – Alberto Olmedo, Argentine comedian (b. 1933)
  • 1990 – Gary Merrill, American film actor (b. 1915)
  • 1993 – Cyril Collard, French author and filmmaker (b. 1957)
  • 1995 – Vivian Stanshall, English musician (Bonzo Dog Band) (b. 1943)
  • 1995 – Gregg Hansford, Australian motorcycle and touring car racer (b. 1952)
  • 1996 – Whit Bissell, American actor (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Samm Sinclair Baker, American diet author (b. 1909)
  • 1999 – Richard Kiley, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Lolo Ferrari, French actress (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Walt Gorney, American actor (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Richard Kuklinski, American Mafia hit man (b. 1935)
  • 2008 – Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American professor of computer science (b.1923)

March 5 – Holidays:

  • St Piran’s Day – Cornwall’s national day
  • Saint Adrian (died 308)
  • Feast of St. Ciarán Saighir, patron of the Diocese of Ossory, in Irish calendar
  • Saint Theophile (d. 195)
  • Saint Gerarda
  • Saint Olivia (d. 308)

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On This Day in History March 4

March 4 – Events:

  • 51 – Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth).
  • 303 or 304 – Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia.
  • 852 – Croatian Duke Trpimir I issued a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources.
  • 932 – Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Prince of the Czechs.
  • 1152 – Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of the Germans.
  • 1215 – King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III.
  • 1238 – The Battle of the SitRiver was fought in the northern part of the present-day Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal during the Mongol invasion of Russia.
  • 1275 – Chinese astronomers observe a total eclipse of the sun.
  • 1351 – Ramathibodi becomes King of Siam.
  • 1386 – Wladyslaw II Jagiello (Jogaila) was crowned King of Poland.
  • 1461 – Wars of the Roses in England: Lancastrian King Henry VI is deposed by his Yorkist cousin, who then becomes King Edward IV.
  • 1492 – King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.
  • 1493 – Explorer Christopher Columbus arrives back in Lisbon, Portugal aboard his ship Niña from his discovery voyage to America. He returned to Spain on March 15.
  • 1519 – Hernan Cortes arrives in Mexico in search of the Aztec civilization and their wealth.
  • 1570 – King Philip II of Spain bans foreign Dutch students.
  • 1611 – George Abbot is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 1621 – Jakarta, Java is renamed Batavia.
  • 1629 – Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter.
  • 1634 – Samuel Cole opens the first tavern in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1665 – English King Charles II declares war on The Netherlands which marked the start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
  • 1675 – John Flamsteed appointed first Astronomer Royal of England.
  • 1681 – Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania.
  • 1774 – First sighting of Orion Nebula by William Herschel.
  • 1776 – The American War of Independence: The Americans capture “DorchesterHeights” dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1778 – The Continental Congress voted to ratify both the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance with France. The two treaties were the first entered into by the United States government.
  • 1789 – In New York City, the first United States Congress meets, putting the Constitution of the United States into effect.
  • 1790 – France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
  • 1791 – Vermont is admitted as the 14th U.S. state.
  • 1791 – A Constitutional Act is introduced by the British House of Commons in London which envisages the separation of Canada into Lower Canada (Quebec) and Upper Canada (Ontario).
  • 1793 – French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands.
  • 1794 – The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1797 – In the first ever peaceful transfer of power between elected leaders in modern times, John Adams is sworn in as President of the United States, succeeding George Washington.
  • 1804 – The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland’s Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony’s only significant convict uprising.
  • 1813 – Russian troops fighting the army of Napoleon reach Berlin in Germany and the French garrison evacuate the city without a fight.
  • 1814 – Americans defeat the British at the Battle of Longwoods between London and Thamesville near present-day Wardsville, Ontario.
  • 1824 – The “National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck” was founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.
  • 1837 – Chicago becomes incorporated as a city.
  • 1848 – Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d’Italia
  • 1861 – First national flag of the Confederate States of America (the ‘Stars and Bars’) adopted.
  • 1865 – Third (and last) national flag of the Confederate States of America adopted.
  • 1877 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s ballet Swan Lake premiers at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow.
  • 1882 – Britain’s first electric trams run in East London.
  • 1887 – Gottlieb Daimler unveils his first automobile which he test runs in Esslingen and Cannstatt, Germany.
  • 1890 – The longest bridge in the United Kingdom, the ForthBridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
  • 1893 – Congo Free State: The army of Francis, Baron Dhanis attacks the Lualaba, enabling him to transport his troops across the Upper Congo and, capture Nyangwe almost without an effort.
  • 1894 – Great fire in Shanghai. Over 1,000 buildings are destroyed.
  • 1899 – Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 m wave that  reaches up to 5 km inland – over 300 dead.
  • 1902 – In Chicago, the American Automobile Association is established.
  • 1904 – Russo-Japanese War: Russian troops in Korea retreat toward Manchuria followed by 100,000 Japanese troops.
  • 1908 – The Collinwood School Fire, Collinwood near Cleveland, Ohio, kills 174 people.
  • 1911 – Victor Berger (Wisconsin) becomes the first socialist congressman in U.S.
  • 1917 – Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first female member of the United States House of Representatives.
  • 1917 – Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia’s renunciation of the throne is made public, and Tsar Nicholas II of Russia publicly issues his abdication manifesto. The victory of the February Revolution.
  • 1925 – Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to have his inauguration broadcast on radio.
  • 1929 – Charles Curtis becomes the first native-American Vice President.
  • 1930 – Floods ransack Languedoc and the surrounds in south-west France, resulting in twelve departments being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people.
  • 1931 – The British Viceroy of India, Governor-General Edward Frederick Lindley Wood and Mohandas Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) meet to sign an agreement envisaging the release of political prisoners and allowing that salt is freely used by the poorest layers of the population.
  • 1933 – Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, first female member of the United States Cabinet.
  • 1933 – Bertha Wilson is appointed as first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada.
  • 1933 – The Parliament of Austria is suspended because of a quibble over procedure – Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss initiates authoritarian rule by decree (see Austrofascism).
  • 1941 – The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the LofotenIslands, during World War II.
  • 1941 – Adolf Hitler applies pressure on Yugoslavia to join the Tripartite Pact.
  • 1944 – First U.S. daylight bombing of Berlin and Anti-Germany strikes in northern Italy.
  • 1945 – In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Army as a driver.
  • 1945 – Lapland War: Finland declares war on Nazi Germany.
  • 1954 – Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
  • 1957 – The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.
  • 1959 – U.S. Pioneer 4 misses Moon and becomes the second (U.S. first) artificial planet.
  • 1960 – French freighter ‘La Coubre’ explodes in Havana, Cuba killing 100. Fidel Castro blames the U.S.
  • 1962 – United States Atomic Energy Commission announces that the first atomic power plant at McMurdo Station in Antarctica is in operation.
  • 1966 – Canadian Pacific Air Lines DC-8-43 explodes on landing at TokyoInternationalAirport, killing 64 people.
  • 1970 – French submarine Eurydice explodes.
  • 1972 – Libya and the Soviet Union sign a cooperation treaty.
  • 1976 – The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention is formally dissolved in Northern Ireland resulting in direct rule of Northern Ireland from London via the British parliament.
  • 1977 – The 1977 Bucharest Earthquake in southern and eastern Europe kills more than 1,500.
  • 1977 – The first Cray-1 supercomputer is shipped to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico.
  • 1979 – The first encyclical written by Pope John Paul II, Redemptor Hominis (Latin for “The Redeemer of Man”) is promulgated less than five months after his installation as pope.
  • 1980 – Nationalist leader Robert Mugabe wins a sweeping election victory to become Zimbabwe’s first black prime minister.
  • 1982 – NASA launches “Intelsat V”.
  • 1985 – The Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS, used since then for screening all blood donations in the United States.
  • 1991 – Sheikh Saad Al-Abdallah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, the Prime Minister of Kuwait, returned to his country for the first time since Iraq’s invasion.
  • 1994 – Space shuttle STS-62 (Columbia 16) launches into orbit.
  • 1994 – Bosnia’s Croats and Moslems sign an agreement to form a federation in a loose economic union with Croatia.
  • 1997 – US President Bill Clinton bans federally funded human cloning research.
  • 1998 – Gay rights: Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex.
  • 2001 – 4 March 2001 BBC bombing: a massive car bomb explodes in front of the BBC Television Centre in London, seriously injuring 11 people. The attack was attributed to the Real IRA.
  • 2001 – Hintze Ribeiro disaster, a bridge collapses in northern Portugal, killing up to 70 people.
  • 2002 – Canada bans human embryo cloning but permits government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from fertility treatment or abortions.

March 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1188 – Blanche of Castile, wife of Louis VIII of France (d. 1252)
  • 1394 – Henry the Navigator (d. 1460)
  • 1492 – Francesco de Layolle, Italian composer (d. c.1540)
  • 1525 – Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Italian composer of Renaissance music (d. 1594)
  • 1610 – William Dobson, English portraitist and painter (d. 1646)
  • 1651 – John Somers, 1st Baron Somers (d. 1716)
  • 1665 – Philip Christoph von Königsmarck, Swedish soldier (d. 1694)
  • 1678 – Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer (d. 1741)
  • 1702 – Jack Sheppard, English burglar and escapee (d. 1724)
  • 1706 – Lauritz de Thurah, Danish architect and architectural writer (d. 1759)
  • 1715 – James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave, British statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1719 – George Pigot, Baron Pigot, British governor of Madras (d. 1777)
  • 1745 – Charles Dibdin, English composer (d.1814)
  • 1746 – Kazimierz Pulaski, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1779)
  • 1756 – Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (d. 1823)
  • 1781 – Rebecca Gratz, American educator and philanthropist (d. 1869)
  • 1782 – Johann Rudolf Wyss, Swiss folklorist (d. 1830)
  • 1792 – Samuel Slocum, American inventor (d. 1861)
  • 1793 – Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)
  • 1817 – Edwards Pierrepont, American statesman, jurist and lawyer; 34th United States Attorney General (d. 1892)
  • 1819 – Charles Oberthur, German-born harpist (d. 1895)
  • 1820 – Francesco Bentivegna, Italian revolutionary (d. 1856)
  • 1822 – Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
  • 1826 – John Buford, American Civil War Union cavalry officer (d. 1863)
  • 1826 – Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (d. 1863)
  • 1835 – John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (d. 1911)
  • 1847 – Karl Bayer, Austrian chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1854 – Sir Napier Shaw, British meteorologist (d. 1945)
  • 1856 – Toru Dutt, English and French poet and author (d. 1877)
  • 1856 – Alfred William Rich, English painter (d. 1921)
  • 1859 – Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1905)
  • 1862 – Jacob Robert Emden, Swiss astrophysicist and meteorologist (d. 1940)
  • 1863 – Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • 1863 – Guillame Furrét, Portuguese playwright and political activist (d. 1937)
  • 1863 – John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • 1864 – David W. Taylor, U.S. Navy architect (d. 1940)
  • 1870 – Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (d. 1944)
  • 1871 – Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1873 – Guy Wetmore Carryl, American humorist and poet (d. 1904)
  • 1873 – John H. Trumbull, 54th Governor of the U.S. state of Connecticut (d. 1961)
  • 1875 – Mihály Károlyi, former Prime Minister of Hungary and President of Hungary (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (d. 1947)
  • 1876 – Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician’s Guild (d. 1945)
  • 1877 – Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike, Russian composer (d. 1957)
  • 1877 – Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • 1877 – Garrett Morgan, American inventor (d. 1963)
  • 1878 – Egbert Van Alstyne, American songwriter and pianist (d. 1951)
  • 1878 – Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)
  • 1878 – Arishima Takeo, Japanese novelist, short-story writer and essayist (d. 1923)
  • 1879 – Josip Murn Aleksandrov, Slovenian poet (d. 1901)
  • 1880 – Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1881 – Todor Aleksandrov, 19th century Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • 1881 – Maude Fealy, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1881 – Thomas Sigismund Stribling, American writer (d. 1965)
  • 1881 – Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (d. 1948)
  • 1882 – Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, and former President of the League of Nations (d. 1941)
  • 1883 – Sam Langford, Canadian boxer (d. 1956)
  • 1884 – Red Murray, American professional baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1886 – Paul Bazelaire, French cellist (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Violet MacMillan, American Broadway theatre actress (d. 1953)
  • 1888 – Jeff Pfeffer, American professional baseball pitcher (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Knute Rockne, American football player and coach (d. 1931)
  • 1889 – Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1889 – Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai’i (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Pearl White, American actress (d. 1938)
  • 1891 – Dazzy Vance, American Major League Baseball pitcher (d. 1961)
  • 1891 – Lois Wilson, founder of Al-Anon (d. 1988)
  • 1895 – Bjarne Brustad, Norwegian violinist (d. 1978)
  • 1895 – Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator (d. 1953)
  • 1895 – Shemp Howard, American comedian (Three Stooges) (d. 1955)
  • 1897 – Lefty O’Doul, American baseball player (d. 1969)
  • 1898 – Georges Dumézil, French philologist (d. 1940)
  • 1899 – Emilio Prados, Spanish poet and editor (d. 1962)
  • 1900 – Herbert Biberman, American screenwriter (d. 1971)
  • 1901 – Charles Goren, American bridge player and writer (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Jean Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy/French poet (d. 1937)
  • 1903 – Luis Carrero Blanco, Spanish statesman (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
  • 1903 – Dorothy Mackaill, British-born actress (d. 1990)
  • 1903 – John Scarne, American magician (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – George Gamow, Ukrainian-born physicist (d. 1968)
  • 1904 – Joseph Schmidt Austrian-Hungarian tenor and actor (d. 1942)
  • 1904 – Chief Tahachee, American-born Old Settler Cherokee Indian stage and film actor (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Meindert DeJong American author (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Georges Ronsse, Belgian national cyclo-cross and world champion road bicycle racer (d. 1969)
  • 1906 – Charles Rudolph Walgreen, Jr., American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – Eleanor “Sis” Daley, wife of Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – T.R.M. Howard, American civil rights leader (d. 1976)
  • 1909 – Harry Helmsley, American real estate entrepreneur (d.1997)
  • 1912 – Afro Basaldella, Italian painter (d. 1976)
  • 1912 – Judith Furse, British character actress (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Carl Marzani, American documentarian (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Taos Amrouche, Algerian writer and singer (d. 1976)
  • 1913 – John Garfield, American actor (d. 1952)
  • 1913 – Willie Johnson (guitarist), American guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Gino Colaussi (Luigi Colaussi), Italian footballer (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Ward Kimball, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Robert R. Wilson, American physicist, sculptor and architect (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Carlos Surinach, Spanish composer (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – William Alland, American actor, producer, writer and director (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Hans Eysenck, German-born psychologist (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Clyde McCullough, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Margaret Osborne duPont, American tennis player
  • 1919 – Buck Baker, American racecar driver (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Jean Lecanuet, French politician (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Alan MacNaughtan, Scottish actor (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Halim El-Dabh, Egyptian-born composer
  • 1921 – Joan Greenwood, English actress (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Wilson Harris, Guyanese writer
  • 1921 – Dinny Pails, Australian tennis player
  • 1922 – Richard E. Cunha, American cinematographer and film director (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Martha O’Driscoll, American film actress (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Dina Pathak (Deena Pathak), Veteran Gujarati theatre and film actress (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Sir Patrick Moore, British astronomer
  • 1924 – Kenneth O’Donnell, aide to US President John F. Kennedy (d. 1977)
  • 1925 – Paul Mauriat, French musician (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Richard DeVos, American billionaire, co-founder of Amway
  • 1926 – James J. Eagan, Former Mayor of Florissant, Missouri (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Pascual Pérez (boxing), Argentine flyweight boxer (d. 1977)
  • 1926 – Don Rendell, English jazz musician and arranger
  • 1926 – Fran Warren, American singer
  • 1927 – Philip Batt, 29th Governor of the U.S. state of Idaho
  • 1927 – Thayer David, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1927 – Robert Orben, American magician
  • 1927 – Dick Savitt, American tennis player
  • 1927 – Cy Touff, American jazz musician (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Samuel Adler, American composer
  • 1928 – Alan Sillitoe, English writer
  • 1929 – Bernard Haitink, Dutch conductor
  • 1929 – Josep Mestres Quadreny, Catalan composer
  • 1931 – Wally Bruner, American journalist and television host (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Bob Johnson, American ice hockey coach (d. 1991)
  • 1931 – William Henry Keeler, American Roman Catholic Archbishop and Cardinal
  • 1931 – Alice Rivlin, American economist
  • 1932 – Ryszard Kapuscinski, Polish journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Miriam Makeba, South African singer
  • 1932 – Ed “Big Daddy” Roth, American car designer (d. 2001)
  • 1932 – Frank Wells, American entertainment businessman (d. 1994)
  • 1933 – Ann Burton, Dutch jazz singer (d. 1989)
  • 1933 – John W Mills, British sculptor
  • 1933 – Nino Vaccarella, former Italian sports car racing and Formula One driver
  • 1934 – Mario Davidovsky, Argentinian composer
  • 1934 – John Duffey, American bluegrass musician (d. 1996)
  • 1934 – Anne Haney, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1934 – Barbara McNair, American singer and actress (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist
  • 1934 – Gleb Yakunin, Russian priest and dissident
  • 1935 – Bent Larsen, Danish chess player
  • 1935 – Nancy Whiskey, Scottish folk singer (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Jim Clark, OBE, Scottish racing driver and two-time F1 world champion (d. 1968)
  • 1936 – Aribert Reimann, German composer
  • 1937 – Graham Dowling, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1937 – Leslie Gelb, American foreign policy advisor
  • 1937 – Yuri Senkevich, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2003)
  • 1937 – Barney Wilen, French jazz saxophonist (d. 1996)
  • 1938 – Angus MacLise, American percussionist (d. 1979)
  • 1938 – Don Perkins, American football player
  • 1938 – Paula Prentiss, American actress
  • 1938 – Adam Daniel Rotfeld, Polish diplomat and researcher
  • 1939 – Jack Fisher, American baseball player
  • 1939 – Carlos Vereza, Brazilian actor
  • 1940 – Volodymyr Morozov, Ukrainian flatwater canoer
  • 1941 – John Aprea, American actor
  • 1941 – Adrian Lyne, English film director
  • 1941 – Bobby Shew, American jazz musician
  • 1942 – Gloria Gaither, American gospel songwriter
  • 1942 – Charles C. Krulak, 31st Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps
  • 1942 – David Matthews, American keyboardist, pianist, and arranger
  • 1943 – Lucio Dalla, Italian singer and songwriter
  • 1943 – Zoltan Jeney, Hungarian composer
  • 1944 – Ulrich Roski, German singer-songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1944 – Harvey Postlethwaite, English engineer and race car designer (d. 1999)
  • 1944 – Bobby Womack, American singer
  • 1945 – Tara Browne, British socialite (d. 1966)
  • 1945 – Dieter Meier, Swiss singer
  • 1945 – Frank Novak, American actor
  • 1945 – Tommy Svensson, Swedish football manager
  • 1945 – Gary Williams, American basketball coach
  • 1946 – Michael Ashcroft, English entrepreneur
  • 1946 – Haile Gerima, Ethiopian filmmaker
  • 1946 – Harvey Goldsmith, British impresario
  • 1947 – David Franzoni, American screenwriter
  • 1947 – Jan Garbarek, Norwegian musician
  • 1947 – Gunnar Hansen, Icelandic actor
  • 1947 – Gwen Welles, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1948 – Lindy Chamberlain, Australian author
  • 1948 – James Ellroy, American writer
  • 1948 – Tom Grieve, American baseball player
  • 1948 – Leron Lee, American baseball player
  • 1948 – Jean O’Leary, American gay and lesbian rights activist and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1948 – Chris Squire, English bassist (Yes)
  • 1948 – Shakin’ Stevens, Welsh singer
  • 1949 – Carroll Baker, Canadian country singer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Ofelia Medina, Mexican actress and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Rick Perry, Governor of Texas
  • 1951 – Edelgard Bulmahn, German politician
  • 1951 – Kenny Dalglish, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1951 – Theresa Hak Kyung Cha, American novelist (d. 1982)
  • 1951 – Sam Perlozzo, American Major League Baseball manager (Baltimore Orioles)
  • 1951 – Mike Quarry, American light heavyweight boxer (d. 2006)
  • 1951 – Chris Rea, English singer
  • 1951 – Linda Yamamoto, Japanese singer
  • 1952 – Ronn Moss, American actor
  • 1952 – Umberto Tozzi, Italian singer
  • 1953 – Emilio Estefan, Cuban percussionist
  • 1953 – Scott Hicks, Ugandan-born film director
  • 1953 – Pawel Janas, Polish football manager and former footballer
  • 1953 – Kay Lenz, American actress
  • 1953 – Chris Smith, American politician
  • 1954 – Mark Chorvinsky, American author and editor (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – François Fillon, French politician, Prime Minister of France
  • 1954 – Peter Jacobsen, American professional golfer
  • 1954 – Catherine O’Hara, Canadian actress
  • 1954 – Irina Ratushinskaya, Russian writer and dissident
  • 1954 – Willie Thorne, English snooker player
  • 1954 – Adrian Zmed, American actor
  • 1955 – Rowland Charles Gould (Boon Gould) English musician (Level 42)
  • 1955 – Dominique Pinon, French actor
  • 1955 – James Weaver, English race car driver
  • 1956 – Kermit Driscoll, American jazz bassist
  • 1957 – Jim Dwyer, American journalist and Pulitzer Prize winner
  • 1957 – Rick Mast, American NASCAR driver
  • 1958 – Patricia Heaton, American actress
  • 1958 – Lennie Lee, British artist
  • 1959 – Rick Ardon, Australian news presenter
  • 1960 – Mikko Kuustonen, Finnish singer and songwriter
  • 1960 – John Mugabi, Ugandan boxer
  • 1960 – Christina Sussiek, former German athlete
  • 1960 – Mykelti Williamson, American actor
  • 1961 – Sabine Everts, former German track athlete
  • 1961 – Ray Mancini, American boxer
  • 1961 – Steven Weber, American actor
  • 1961 – Roger Wessels, South African golfer
  • 1962 – Simon Bisley, British comic book artist
  • 1962 – Lolo Ferrari, French actress (d. 2000)
  • 1962 – Greg Kragen, American footballer
  • 1962 – David Sparrow, English actor
  • 1963 – Barbara Bubula, Polish politician
  • 1963 – Janey Lee Grace, English singer, author, television presenter and radio disc jockey
  • 1963 – Jason Newsted, American bassist (Metallica)
  • 1963 – Daniel Roebuck, American actor
  • 1964 – Tom Lampkin, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Paolo Virzì, Italian screenwriter and director
  • 1965 – Paul W. S. Anderson, English filmmaker
  • 1965 – Andrew Collins, English journalist, scriptwriter and broadcaster
  • 1965 – Stacy Edwards, American actress
  • 1965 – Gary Helms, American country singer
  • 1965 – Khaled Hosseini, Afghan author and physician 1965 – WestBam (Maximillian Lenz), German rave techno DJ
  • 1965 – Yuri Lonchakov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1965 – Jonathan Shearer, Scottish castaway
  • 1966 – Daniela Amavia, Greek-American actress and international model
  • 1966 – Steve Bastoni, Italian Australian actor
  • 1966 – Emese Hunyady, Hungarian speed skater
  • 1966 – Kevin Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Dav Pilkey, American author
  • 1966 – Grand Puba, American rapper
  • 1966 – Wash West, English gay porn film director
  • 1967 – Daryll Cullinan, South African cricketer
  • 1967 – Evan Dando, American musician (The Lemonheads)
  • 1967 – Andrew Osmond, English writer
  • 1967 – Kubilay Türkyilmaz, former Turkish-Swiss footballer
  • 1968 – Giovanni Carrara, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1968 – Patsy Kensit, English actress
  • 1968 – Kyriakos Mitsotakis, Greek politician
  • 1969 – Chastity Bono, American actress and gay rights activist
  • 1969 – Pierluigi Casiraghi, Italian football manager
  • 1969 – Annie Shizuka Inoh, Taiwanese actress
  • 1969 – Frank Nicotero, American comedian
  • 1969 – Stina Nordenstam, Swedish experimental pop singer, songwriter and musician
  • 1969 – Patrick Roach, Canadian actor
  • 1969 – Jason Townsend, American artist and record producer
  • 1970 – Andrea Bendewald, American actress
  • 1970 – Àlex Crivillé, Spanish Grand Prix motorcycle road racer
  • 1971 – Iain Baird, Canadian soccer player
  • 1971 – Fergal Lawler, Irish drummer (The Cranberries)
  • 1971 – Satoshi Motoyama, Japanese racing driver
  • 1971 – Shavar Ross, American actor-turned film director, writer, film producer and editor
  • 1971 – Nick Stabile, American actor
  • 1971 – Jovan Stankovic, Serbian footballer
  • 1972 – Pae Gil-Su, North Korean gymnast
  • 1972 – Ivy Queen, American composer and singer
  • 1972 – Robert Smith, American footballer
  • 1972 – Jos Verstappen, Dutch Formula One driver
  • 1972 – Alison Wheeler, British singer (The Beautiful South)
  • 1973 – Summer Cummings, American actress
  • 1973 – Phillip Daniels, American footballer
  • 1973 – Len Wiseman, American director
  • 1974 – ICS Vortex (Simen Hestnæs), Norwegian vocalist (Arcturus)
  • 1974 – Karol Kucera, Slovak tennis player
  • 1974 – Ariel Ortega, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Tommy Phelps, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Kirsten Bolm, German hurdler
  • 1975 – Patrick Femerling, German-born professional basketball player
  • 1975 – Kim Jung-Eun, South Korean actress
  • 1975 – Myrna Veenstra, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1975 – Antti Aalto, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Hawksley Workman, Canadian rock singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Hiram Bocachica, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1976 – Sean Covel, American film producer
  • 1976 – Scott Sturgeon (Stza Crack), American musician (Choking Victim and Leftover Crack)
  • 1976 – Thierry Renaer, Belgian field hockey player
  • 1976 – Vic Wunderle, American archer
  • 1977 – Ana Gabriela Guevara, Mexican athlete
  • 1977 – Juha Helppi, Finnish professional poker player
  • 1977 – Daniel Klewer, German footballer
  • 1977 – Jason Marsalis, American musician
  • 1978 – Nate Ackerman, British-American logician and wrestler
  • 1978 – Pierre Dagenais, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Denis Dallan, Italian rugby union footballer
  • 1978 – Rachel Roberts, Canadian model and actress
  • 1979 – Ben Fouhy, New Zealand flatwater canoeist
  • 1979 – Geoff Huegill, Australian swimmer
  • 1979 – John Lawler (John Fratelli), Scottish singer (The Fratellis)
  • 1980 – Omar Bravo, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Jung Da Bin, South Korean actress (d. 2007)
  • 1980 – Jack Hannahan, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Arash Markazi, American sportswriter
  • 1981 – Carol Banawa, Filipino singer and celebrity
  • 1981 – Donny Tourette, English punk rock singer (Towers of London)
  • 1982 – Mariano Altuna, Argentine racing driver
  • 1982 – Landon Donovan, American soccer player
  • 1982 – Charity Rahmer, American actress
  • 1983 – Max Vergara Poeti, Colombian writer
  • 1983 – Ryan Lonie, Australian football player.
  • 1984 – Ai Iwamura, Japanese actress
  • 1984 – Zak Whitbread, American-born English soccer player
  • 1985 – Chinedum Ndukwe, American football player
  • 1986 – Margo Harshman, American actress
  • 1986 – Tom De Mul, Belgian footballer
  • 1986 – Bohdan Shust, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1990 – Andrea Bowen, American actress
  • 1991 – Diandra Newlin, American actress, singer, and fashion model
  • 1992 – Jazmin Grace Grimaldi, daughter of Albert II, Prince of Monaco
  • 1993 – Jenna Boyd, American actress
  • 1993 – Alice Jones, British actress
  • 1993 – Abigail Mavity, American actress
  • 1993 – Yves Michel-Beneche, American actor

March 4 – Deaths:

  • 251 – Pope Lucius I
  • 480 – Saint Landry, bishop of Sées
  • 561 – Pope Pelagius I
  • 1172 – Stephen III of Hungary (b. 1147)
  • 1193 – Saladin, Kurdish sultan (b. 1137)
  • 1238 – Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)
  • 1238 – Yuri II, Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1189)
  • 1303 – Daniel of Moscow, Russian Saint, Grand Prince of Muscovy (b. 1261)
  • 1484 – Saint Casimir, Prince of Poland (b. 1458)
  • 1496 – Sigismund of Austria (b. 1427)
  • 1583 – Bernard Gilpin, English clergyman, “Apostle of the North” (b. 1517)
  • 1604 – Fausto Paolo Sozzini, Italian theologian (b. 1539)
  • 1615 – Hans von Aachen, German painter (b. 1552)
  • 1619 – Anne of Denmark, wife of James I (b. 1574)
  • 1710 – Louis III, Prince of Condé (b. 1668)
  • 1733 – Claude de Forbin, French naval commander (b. 1656)
  • 1744 – John Anstis, Garter King of Arms (b. 1669)
  • 1762 – Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (b. 1702)
  • 1793 – Louis de Bourbon, French admiral (b. 1725)
  • 1795 – John Collins, American politician (b. 1717)
  • 1805 – Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter (b. 1725)
  • 1807 – Abraham Baldwin, American politician (b. 1754)
  • 1821 – Princess Elizabeth of Clarence, daughter of King William IV, granddaughter of King George III (b. 1820)
  • 1832 – Jean-François Champollion, French scholar (b. 1790)
  • 1851 – James Richardson, British explorer (b. 1809)
  • 1852 – Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer (b. 1809)
  • 1853 – Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (b. 1774)
  • 1858 – Matthew Perry, U.S. naval officer (b. 1794)
  • 1864 – Thomas Starr King, influential Californian Unitarian minister during the American Civil War (b. 1824)
  • 1866 – Alexander Campbell, Irish founder of the Disciples of Christ (b. 1788)
  • 1868 – Jesse Chisholm, American pioneer of the Chisholm Trail (b. 1805)
  • 1872 – Johannes Carsten Hauch, Danish poet (b. 1790)
  • 1883 – Alexander Hamilton Stephens, former Vice President of the Confederate States of America (b. 1812)
  • 1888 – Amos Bronson Alcott, American philosopher (b. 1799)
  • 1903 – Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (b. 1834)
  • 1906 – John McAllister Schofield, former U.S. Secretary of War and Commanding General of the U.S. Army (b. 1831)
  • 1910 – Knut Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1857)
  • 1915 – William Willett, inventor of Daylight Saving Time (b. 1856)
  • 1916 – Franz Marc, German artist (b. 1880)
  • 1922 – Bert Williams, American entertainer (b. 1874)
  • 1925 – Moritz Moszkowski, Polish/German composer (b. 1854)
  • 1925 – James Ward, English psychologist and philosopher (b. 1843)
  • 1925 – John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player (b. 1860)
  • 1927 – Ira Remsen American chemist (b. 1846)
  • 1938 – George Foster Peabody, American politician (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Jack Taylor, American baseball player (b. 1874)
  • 1940 – Hamlin Garland, American novelist (b. 1860)
  • 1941 – Ludwig Quidde, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1858)
  • 1944 – Louis Buchalter, Jewish American mobster (b.1897) (executed)
  • 1944 – Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • 1944 – Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • 1944 – Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)
  • 1945 – Lucille La Verne, American actress (b. 1872)
  • 1945 – Mark Sandrich, American film director, writer and producer (b. 1900)
  • 1946 – Bror von Blixen-Finecke, Danish big-game hunter (b. 1886)
  • 1948 – Antonin Artaud, French actor/director (b. 1896)
  • 1950 – Adam Rainer, the only man in recorded human history ever to have been both a dwarf and a giant (b. 1899)
  • 1952 – Charles Scott Sherrington, English scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1954 – Noel Gay, English composer, (b. 1898)
  • 1959 – Maxey Long, American athlete (b. 1878)
  • 1960 – Herbert O’Conor, 51st Governor of the US State of Maryland (b. 1896)
  • 1960 – Leonard Warren, American baritone (b. 1911)
  • 1962 – George Mogridge, Major League Baseball pitcher (b. 1889)
  • 1963 – William Carlos Williams, American poet (b. 1883)
  • 1967 – Vladan Desnica, Croatian and Serbian writer (b. 1905)
  • 1967 – Michel Plancherel, Swiss mathematician (b. 1885)
  • 1969 – Nicholas Schenck, Russian-born film empresario (b. 1881)
  • 1973 – Samuel Tolansky, British scientist and expert on spectroscopy (b. 1907)
  • 1974 – Adolph Gottlieb, American painter (b. 1903)
  • 1976 – Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (b. 1886)
  • 1977 – Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (b. 1951)
  • 1977 – Toma Caragiu, Romanian actor (b. 1925)
  • 1977 – Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk, German politician and former Chancellor of Germany (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – Wesley Bolin, former Governor of the U.S. State of Arizona (b. 1909)
  • 1979 – Willi Unsoeld, American mountain climber (b. 1926)
  • 1981 – Yip Harburg, American lyricist (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Torin Thatcher, Indian actor (b. 1905)
  • 1984 – Ernest Buckler, Canadian novelist (b. 1908)
  • 1984 – Jewel Carmen, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1984 – Geoffrey Lumsden, British actor (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Howard Greenfield, American songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 1986 – Richard Manuel, Canadian musician (The Band) (b. 1943)
  • 1989 – Tiny Grimes, American jazz and R&B guitarist (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Hank Gathers, American basketball player (b. 1967)
  • 1992 – Art Babbitt, American animator (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Art Hodes, American jazz pianist (b. 1904)
  • 1994 – John Candy, Canadian comedian (b. 1950)
  • 1995 – Eden Ahbez, American composer (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Minnie Pearl, American comedian (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Robert H. Dicke, American physicist (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Carey Loftin, American actor/stuntman (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Harry Blackmun, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1908)
  • 1999 – Del Close, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1999 – Karel van het Reve, Dutch writer (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Glenn Hughes, American singer (The Village People) (b. 1950)
  • 2001 – Fred Lasswell, American cartoonist (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Jim Rhodes, Governor of Ohio (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – Harold Stassen, American politician (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Claire Davenport, English actress (b. 1933)
  • 2002 – Eric Flynn, British actor/singer (b. 1939)
  • 2002 – Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Velibor Vasovic, Yugoslavian footballer (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – Jaba Ioseliani, Georgian bank robber (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Sébastien Japrisot, French author, screenwriter and film director (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – John McGeoch, Scottish musician (b. 1955)
  • 2004 – Claude Nougaro, French singer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – George Pake, American physicist (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Stephen Sprouse, American fashion designer (b. 1953)
  • 2005 – Nicola Calipari, Italian secret service agent (b. 1953)
  • 2005 – Robert Consoli, American actor and musician (b. 1964)
  • 2005 – Una Hale, Australian soprano (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Yuriy Kravchenko, Ukrainian statesman (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Carlos Sherman, Uruguayan-born writer (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Roman Ogaza, Polish footballer (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – John Reynolds Gardiner, American engineer (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Dave Rose, American artist (b. 1910)
  • 2006 – Edgar Valter, Estonian illustrator/cartoonist (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Natalie Bodanya (Natalie Bodanskaya), American soprano (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Thomas Eagleton, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Bob Hattoy, American activist (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Richard Joseph, British games soundtrack composer (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Sunil Kumar Mahato, Indian parliamentarian (b. 1966)
  • 2007 – Tadeusz Nalepa, Polish composer, guitar player, vocalist and lyricist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Ian Wooldridge, British sports journalist (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Gary Gygax, Fantasy author and role-playing games creator. (b. 1938)
  • 2008 – Elena Nathanael, Greek film actress (b. 1941)
  • 2008 – Leonard Rosenman, American film, television and concert composer (b. 1924)
  • 2008 – Semka Sokolovic-Bertok, Yugoslavian-born Croatian actress (b. 1935)
  • 2008 – George Walter, former Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda (b. 1928)

March 4 – Holidays:

  • Pennsylvania – Charter Day (1681)
  • St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada – Charter Day (1881)
  • United States – Inauguration Day (1789 – 1933)
  • Vermont – Admission Day (1791).
  • Roman Catholicism – Feast day of Saint Casimir, patron saint of Lithuania
  • Roman Catholicism – Humbert III of Savoy
  • Saint Adrian of Nicomedia, bishop of Saint Andrew’s, and his Companions
  • Saint Basil and his Companions
  • Saint Basinus
  • Saint Efrem
  • Saint Lucius I.
  • Saint Peter of Pappacarbone
  • Roman Catholicism – Commemoration of Saint Lucius I, pope, martyr.

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On This Day in History March 3

March 3 – Events:

  • 1575 – Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
  • 1585 – The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
  • 1791 – The United States Mint is created by the Congress of the United States.
  • 1803 – Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
  • 1817 – The AlabamaTerritory is created by splitting the MississippiTerritory.
  • 1820 – The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.
  • 1845 – Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.
  • 1845 – For the first time the U.S. Congress passes legislation overriding a presidential veto.
  • 1849 – The United States Department of the Interior is established.
  • 1849 – The U.S. Congress passes the Gold Coinage Act allowing the minting of gold coins.
  • 1857 – Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
  • 1861 – Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs.
  • 1863 – The IdahoTerritory organizes as a political division of the United States.
  • 1865 – The U.S. Congress authorizes the formation of the Freedmen’s Bureau.
  • 1865 – Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
  • 1873 – Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any “obscene, lewd, or lascivious” books through the mail.
  • 1875 – Georges Bizet’s opera Carmen premieres at the Opéra Comique of Paris.
  • 1875 – The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, Canada as recorded in The Montreal Gazette.
  • 1877 – Rutherford B. Hayes is privately inaugurated as the 19th President of the United States (his public inauguration coming on March 5).
  • 1878 – Bulgaria regains its independence from Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of San Stefano; shortly after Congress of Berlin stripped its status to an autonomous state of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1879 – The United States Geological Survey is created.
  • 1885 – The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.
  • 1891 – The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
  • 1904 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison’s cylinder.
  • 1905 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly (the Duma).
  • 1910 – Rockefeller Foundation: J.D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from
  • managing his businesses so that he could devote full time to being a philanthropist.
  • 1913 – Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria – Ticha, now known as PFC “Cherno More.”.
  • 1915 – NACA, the predecessor of NASA founded.
  • 1918 – Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia’s involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
  • 1923 – TIME magazine is published for the first time.
  • 1924 – The 1400-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdul Mejid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of Kemal Atatürk.
  • 1931 – The United States officially adopts “The Star-Spangled Banner” as its national anthem.
  • 1933 – Mount Rushmore National Memorial is dedicated.
  • 1933 – U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Norris-LaGuardia Act into law and opening the doors to increased unionization.
  • 1938 – Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
  • 1939 – In Mumbai, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest of the autocratic rule in India.
  • 1940 – Five people are killed in an arson attack on the offices of the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman in Luleå, Sweden.
  • 1942 – World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia killing more than 100 people.
  • 1943 – World War II: In London, England, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.
  • 1944 – The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov were instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards.
  • 1945 – World War II: Previously neutral Finland declares war on the Axis powers.
  • 1953 – A Canadian Pacific Airlines De Havilland Comet crashes in Karachi, Pakistan killing 11.
  • 1958 – Nuri as-Said becomes the prime minister of Iraq for the 14th time.
  • 1961 – Hassan II becomes King of Morocco.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module.
  • 1971 – Beginning of Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and India’s official entry to the Bangladesh Liberation War in support of Mukti Bahini.
  • 1972 – Mohawk Airlines Flight 405 crashes in unexplained circumstances.
  • 1974 – Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes at Ermenonville near Paris, France killing all 346 aboard.
  • 1974 – Roman Catholic and Lutheran officials reach an agreement for eventual reconciliation into one communion, marking the first agreement between the two churches since the Reformation.
  • 1976 – 5 workers are killed by the police in a demonstration in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.
  • 1985 – Arthur Scargill declares that the National Union of Mineworkers national executive voted to end the longest-running industrial dispute in Great Britain without any peace deal over pit closures.
  • 1991 – An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.
  • 1991 – In two concurring referendums: 74 % of the population of Latvia vote for independence from the Soviet Union, in Estonia – 83 %.
  • 1991 – United Airlines Flight 585 crashes on approach into Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing 25.
  • 1992 – The nation of Bosnia was established.
  • 1997 – The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, SkyTower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.
  • 2002 – Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.
  • 2004 – Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agreed to merge in a $11.2 billion deal that formed InBev, the world’s largest brewer.
  • 2005 – Mayerthorpe Incident: James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. It is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion.
  • 2005 – Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane around the world solo without any stops without refueling – a journey of 40,234 km/25,000 mi completed in 67 hours and 2 minutes.

March 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1455 – King John II of Portugal (d. 1495)
  • 1520 – Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (d. 1575)
  • 1583 – Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, English diplomat, poet, and philosopher (d. 1648)
  • 1589 – Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (d. 1676)
  • 1606 – Edmund Waller, British poet (d. 1687)
  • 1652 – Thomas Otway, British dramatist (d. 1685)
  • 1678 – Madeleine de Verchères, French Canadian heroine (d. 1747)
  • 1778 – Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Hanover (d. 1841)
  • 1793 – William Charles Macready, English actor (d. 1873)
  • 1800 – Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (d. 1862)
  • 1805 – Jonas Furrer, first President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1861)
  • 1831 – George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1897)
  • 1839 – Jamsetji Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1904)
  • 1845 – Georg Cantor, German mathematician (d. 1918)
  • 1847 – Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish inventor (d. 1922)
  • 1848 – Adelaide Neilson, English Actress (d. 1880)
  • 1851 – Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (d. 1911)
  • 1860 – John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player (d. 1925)
  • 1863 – Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • 1866 – Fred A. Busse, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)
  • 1871 – Maurice Garin, French cyclist (d. 1957)
  • 1873 – William Green, American labor union leader (d. 1952)
  • 1880 – Florence Auer, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1880 – Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (d. 1946)
  • 1883 – Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
  • 1886 – Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
  • 1890 – Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (d. 1939)
  • 1893 – Beatrice Wood, American artist and ceramicist (d. 1998)
  • 1895 – Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Norwegian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Matthew Ridgway, Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, U.S. Army Chief of Staff (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Kittens Reichert, American silent screen child actor (d. 1990) 1911 – Jean Harlow, American actress (d. 1937)
  • 1911 – Hugues Lapointe, Canadian politician and Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Dr. Arthur Kornberg, American Nobel Prize laureate in 1959 for the discovery of DNA polymerase (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrian (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Julius Boros, American golfer (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – James Doohan, Canadian-born actor (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Ronald Searle, British illustrator
  • 1922 – Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Barney Martin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Doc Watson, American musician
  • 1924 – Tomiichi Murayama, former Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1924 – Ali Faik Zaghloul, Egyptian radio presenter
  • 1926 – Lys Assia, Swiss singer
  • 1926 – Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Catholic prelate (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – James Merrill, American poet (d. 1995)
  • 1927 – Pierre Aubert, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1930 – Heiner Geißler, German politician
  • 1930 – Ion Iliescu, President of Romania
  • 1933 – Marco Antonio Muñiz, Mexican singer (Los Tres Aces)
  • 1933 – Lee Radziwill, American fashion executive
  • 1933 – Alfredo Landa, Spanish actor
  • 1937 – Bobby Driscoll, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1940 – Germán Castro Caycedo, Colombian writer and journalist
  • 1940 – Perry Ellis, fashion designer (d. 1986)
  • 1940 – Owen Spencer-Thomas, English broadcaster, journalist and Anglican clergyman
  • 1942 – Mike Pender, English singer and guitarist (The Searchers)
  • 1945 – George Miller, Australian film director
  • 1946 – John Virgo, English snooker player
  • 1947 – Jennifer Warnes, American singer and songwriter
  • 1947 – Otto Stuppacher, Austrian racing driver (d. 2001)
  • 1948 – Snowy White, British guitarist (Thin Lizzy, Pink Floyd)
  • 1949 – Jüri Allik, Estonian psychologist
  • 1949 – Gloria Hendry, American actress
  • 1949 – Jesse Jefferson, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Tim Kazurinsky, American actor and comedian
  • 1951 – Lindsay Cooper, English musician and composer (Henry Cow, News from Babel)
  • 1952 – Dermot Morgan, Irish actor and comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Robyn Hitchcock, British musician
  • 1953 – Zico, Brazilian footballer
  • 1954 – Édouard Lock, Canadian dance choreographer (La La La Human Steps)
  • 1955 – Andy Breckman, American comedian and radio personality
  • 1956 – Zbigniew Boniek, Polish footballer
  • 1958 – Miranda Richardson, British actress
  • 1958 – Marc Silvestri, American comic book artist and publisher (Top Cow Productions)
  • 1959 – Ira Glass, American radio host
  • 1960 – Neal Heaton, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Colin Wells, English cricketer
  • 1961 – Perry McCarthy, English racing driver
  • 1961 – Mary Page Keller, American actress
  • 1961 – Knut Nærum, Norwegian comedian
  • 1961 – Fatima Whitbread, English javelin thrower
  • 1962 – Jackie Joyner-Kersee, American athlete
  • 1962 – Glen E. Friedman, American photographer and artist
  • 1962 – Herschel Walker, American football player
  • 1963 – Sophia Aliberti, Greek actress and TV presenter
  • 1964 – Raúl Alcalá, Mexican cyclist
  • 1964 – Laura Harring, Mexican-born American actress
  • 1964 – Duncan Phillips, Australian drummer (Newsboys)
  • 1966 – Fernando Colunga, Mexican actor
  • 1966 – Timo Tolkki, Finnish musician (Stratovarius)
  • 1966 – Tone Loc, American rapper and actor
  • 1968 – Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Simon Whitlock, Australian Darts Player
  • 1970 – Julie Bowen, American actress
  • 1970 – Inzamam-ul-Haq, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1971 – Tyler Florence, chef, Food Network personality, & cookbook author
  • 1972 – Darren Anderton, English footballer
  • 1973 – Romans Vainšteins, Latvian cyclist
  • 1973 – Matthew Marsden, English actor and singer
  • 1973 – Victoria Zdrok, Ukrainian model
  • 1974 – David Faustino, American actor
  • 1974 – Paula Malai Ali,Malaysian-Bruneian TV Presenter and Actress
  • 1976 – Fraser Gehrig, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 – Ronan Keating, Irish singer
  • 1977 – Stéphane Robidas, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Matt Diaz, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Seomoon Tak, Korean singer
  • 1979 – Patrick Renna, American actor
  • 1979 – Alex Zane, English comedian
  • 1980 – Mason Unck, American football player
  • 1981 – Dusty Dvoracek, American football player
  • 1981 – Kim Yoo-Jin (Eugene), South Korean singer and actress
  • 1981 – Lil’ Flip, American rapper
  • 1981 – Emmanuel Pappoe, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1981 – Sung YuRi, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1982 – Jessica Biel, American actress
  • 1985 – Sam Morrow, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1986 – Stacie Orrico, American singer
  • 1992 – Madison Cross, American singer and actress

March 3 – Deaths:

  • 1111 – Bohemund I, Prince of Antioch
  • 1239 – Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (b. 1187)
  • 1459 – Ausiàs March, Catalan poet (b. 1397)
  • 1554 – John Frederick, Elector of Saxony (b. 1503)
  • 1703 – Robert Hooke, English scientist (b. 1635)
  • 1706 – Johann Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1653)
  • 1707 – Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1618)
  • 1717 – Pierre Allix, French Protestant pastor (b. 1641)
  • 1744 – Jean Barbeyrac, French jurist
  • 1765 – William Stukeley, English archaeologist (b. 1687)
  • 1768 – Nicola Porpora, Italian composer (b. 1686)
  • 1792 – Robert Adam, Scottish architect (b. 1728)
  • 1850 – Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)
  • 1894 – Ned Williamson, American baseball player (b. 1857)
  • 1899 – William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (b. 1827)
  • 1927 – Mikhail Artsybashev, Russian writer (b. 1878)
  • 1927 – J.G. Parry-Thomas, Welsh motor-racing driver (b. 1884)
  • 1932 – Eugen d’Albert, German composer (b. 1864)
  • 1943 – George Thompson, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1953 – James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1875)
  • 1959 – Lou Costello, American actor and comedian (b. 1906)
  • 1961 – Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (b. 1887)
  • 1966 – William Frawley, American actor (b. 1887)
  • 1966 – Alice Pearce, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1982 – Georges Perec, French writer (b. 1936)
  • 1983 – Hergé, Belgian comics creator (b. 1907)
  • 1983 – Arthur Koestler, Austrian writer (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Danny Kaye, American actor, singer, and comedian (b. 1913)
  • 1988 – Sewall Wright, American biologist (b. 1889)
  • 1990 – Gérard Blitz, Belgian waterpoloist and entrepreneur (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Arthur Murray, American dancer and dance instructor (b. 1895)
  • 1993 – Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Carlos Montoya, flamenco guitarist (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Albert Sabin, Polish-born medical researcher (b. 1906)
  • 1996 – Marguerite Duras, French writer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – John Cardinal Krol, American Catholic clergyman (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Fred Friendly, American broadcast executive (b. 1915)
  • 1999 – Gerhard Herzberg, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (b. 1904)
  • 2001 – Louis Edmonds, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Harlan Howard, American musician (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Horst Buchholz, German actor (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Luis Marden, American photojournalist (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Goffredo Petrassi, Italian composer (b. 1904)
  • 2003 – Peter Smithson, English architect (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Cecily Adams, American actress and casting director (b. 1958)
  • 2005 – Max M. Fisher, American philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – William Herskovic, Holocaust hero and philanthropist (b. 1914)

March 3 – Holidays:

  • Hinamatsuri (Girl’s Day) – Japanese celebration day for girls.
  • Bulgaria – Liberation Day.
  • Australia – Labour Day.

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On This Day in History March 2

March 2-Events:

  • 986 – Louis V becomes King of the Franks.
  • 1127 – Assassination of Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.
  • 1717 – The Loves of Mars and Venus becomes the first ballet performed in England.
  • 1791 – Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
  • 1807 – The U.S. Congress passes an act to “prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States… from any foreign kingdom, place, or country.”
  • 1808 – The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • 1815 – Signing of Kandyan treaty by British invaders and Sri Lankan King.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico.
  • 1855 – Alexander II becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1861 – NevadaTerritory and Dakota Territory are organized as political divisions of the United States.
  • 1861 – Emancipation reform of 1861 in Russia: Tsar Alexander II signed the emancipation reform into law, abolishing Russian serfdom.
  • 1863 – The United States Congress authorizes track width of 4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm) for Union Pacific Railroad
  • 1865 – Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
  • 1867 – The United States Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act.
  • 1867 – Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico.
  • 1867 – HowardUniversity established.
  • 1867 – US Congress creates the Department of Education.
  • 1868 – University of Illinois opens.
  • 1877 – U.S. presidential election, 1876: Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876.
  • 1888 – The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.
  • 1896 – Ethiopia defeats Italy in the Battle of Adwa, marking the first victory of an African nation over a colonial power.
  • 1899 – In the state of Washington, USA, Mount RainierNational Park is established.
  • 1901 – The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
  • 1903 – In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women.
  • 1917 – The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act grants Puerto Ricans, United States citizenship.
  • 1917 – (Old Style) – Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the throne in favor of his brother Michael II of Russia.
  • 1919 – The first Communist International meets in Moscow.
  • 1937 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee signs a surprise collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry.
  • 1939 – Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII.
  • 1941 – World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.
  • 1943 – 173 people die in the Bethnal Green Tube Disaster, London, the worst civilian disaster of World War 2.
  • 1946 – Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam.
  • 1949 – Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.
  • 1949 – The first automatic street light was installed in New Milford, Connecticut.
  • 1953 – The Academy Awards are first broadcast on television by NBC.
  • 1955 – King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.
  • 1956 – Morocco declares its independence from France.
  • 1962 – In Burma, the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a coup.
  • 1962 – Wilt Chamberlain sets the single-game scoring record in the National Basketball Association by tallying 100 points.
  • 1969 – In Toulouse, France the first test flight of the Anglo-French Concorde is conducted.
  • 1969 – Soviet and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the UssuriRiver.
  • 1970 – Rhodesia declares itself a republic, breaking its last links with the British crown.
  • 1972 – The Pioneer 10 space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets.
  • 1974 – First class postage raised from 8 cents to 10 cents
  • 1978 – Czech Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian or non-American to go into space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28.
  • 1989 – Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
  • 1991 – Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings end to the 1991 Gulf War.
  • 1990 – Nelson Mandela elected deputy President of the African National Congress.
  • 1992 – Uzbekistan joins the United Nations.
  • 1992 – Moldova joins the United Nations.
  • 1996 – Establishment of RanabimaRoyalCollege, Kandy, Sri Lanka.
  • 1998 – Data sent from the Galileo spacecraft indicates that Jupiter’s moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
  • 2003 – The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at ChungChengUniversity.
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.

March 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1316 – Robert II of Scotland, (d. 1390)
  • 1409 – John II of Alençon, Duke of Alençon and Count of Perche (d. 1476)
  • 1459 – Pope Adrian VI (d. 1523)
  • 1545 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (d. 1613)
  • 1578 – George Sandys, English colonist and poet (d. 1644)
  • 1705 – William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1793)
  • 1760 – Camille Desmoulins, French journalist and politician (d. 1794)
  • 1770 – Louis Gabriel Suchet, French Marshal (d. 1826)
  • 1779 – Joel Roberts Poinsett, American statesman and botanist (d. 1851)
  • 1793 – Sam Houston, President of the Republic of Texas (d. 1863)
  • 1800 – Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (d. 1844)
  • 1810 – Pope Leo XIII (d. 1903)
  • 1816 – Alexander H. Bullock, 26th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1820 – Multatuli, Dutch writer (d. 1887)
  • 1824 – Bedrich Smetana, Czech composer (d. 1884)
  • 1829 – Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (d. 1906)
  • 1836 – Henry Billings Brown, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1913)
  • 1842 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
  • 1843 – Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy (d. 1911)
  • 1849 – Robert Means Thompson, U.S. Naval Officer (d. 1930)
  • 1859 – Sholom Aleichem, Russian novelist (d. 1916)
  • 1860 – Susanna M. Salter, American politician (d. 1961)
  • 1862 – Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Pope Pius XII (d. 1958)
  • 1878 – William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
  • 1886 – Willis O’Brien, American animator (d. 1962)
  • 1900 – Kurt Weill, German composer (d. 1950)
  • 1902 – Moe Berg, American baseball player and spy (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Dr. Seuss, American author (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov, Yakut-born Soviet sniper (d. 1968)
  • 1908 – Walter Bruch, German engineer (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – Mel Ott, American baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1912 – Henry Katzman, American composer and pianist (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Godfried Bomans, Dutch author and television personality (d. 1971)
  • 1913 – Celedonio Romero, Spanish guitarist (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Mort Cooper, American baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1914 – Martin Ritt, American director (d. 1990)
  • 1917 – Desi Arnaz, Cuban-born American actor and bandleader (d. 1986)
  • 1917 – Jim Konstanty, American baseball player (d. 1976)
  • 1917 – David Goodis, American writer (d. 1967)
  • 1918 – Peter O’Sullevan, Irish horse racing commentator
  • 1919 – Jennifer Jones, American actress
  • 1919 – Tamara Toumanova, Russian ballerina and actress (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Orrin Keepnews, American writer and critic
  • 1923 – Robert H. Michel, American politician
  • 1926 – Murray Rothbard, American economist (d. 1995)
  • 1927 – Roger Walkowiak, French cyclist
  • 1928 – Father John Romanides, Greek priest and professor (d. 2001)
  • 1930 – Emma Penella, Spanish actress (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – John Cullum, American actor and singer
  • 1931 – Mikhail Gorbachev, President of the Soviet Union and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1931 – Tom Wolfe, American author
  • 1935 – Al Waxman, Canadian actor (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria
  • 1938 – Ricardo Lagos, former President of Chile
  • 1938 – Lawrence Payton, American singer and songwriter (The Four Tops) (d. 1997)
  • 1940 – Tony Croatto, Italian-born composer (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – David Satcher, 16th United States Surgeon General
  • 1942 – Peter Guber, American film producer
  • 1942 – John Irving, American author
  • 1942 – Luc Plamondon, French Canadian lyricist
  • 1942 – Lou Reed, American singer and guitarist
  • 1943 – Zygfryd Blaut, Polish footballer (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Claude Larose, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1943 – Tony Meehan, English drummer (The Shadows) (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Peter Straub, American author
  • 1944 – Uschi Glas, German actress
  • 1947 – Harry Redknapp, English football manager
  • 1948 – Larry Carlton, American guitarist
  • 1948 – Rory Gallagher, Irish guitarist (d. 1995)
  • 1948 – Jeff Kennett, Australian politician
  • 1949 – Alain Chamfort, French singer
  • 1949 – Gates McFadden, American actress
  • 1949 – Eddie Money, American singer
  • 1949 – J. P. R. Williams, Welsh Rugby Union player
  • 1950 – Karen Carpenter, American singer (The Carpenters) (d. 1983)
  • 1950 – Jeffrey Chodorow, American restaurateur and financier
  • 1952 – Mark Evanier, American writer
  • 1952 – Laraine Newman, American actress
  • 1953 – Russ Feingold, American politician
  • 1955 – Shoko Asahara, Japanese cult leader
  • 1955 – Jay Osmond, American musician (The Osmonds)
  • 1955 – Ken Salazar, American politician
  • 1956 – Mark Evans, Australian bassist (AC/DC)
  • 1956 – John Cowsill, American musician (The Cowsills)
  • 1958 – Ian Woosnam, Welsh golfer
  • 1958 – Peter Arnold, American architect
  • 1961 – Simone Young, Australian conductor
  • 1962 – Jon Bon Jovi, American musician (Bon Jovi)
  • 1962 – Al Del Greco, American football player
  • 1962 – Morioka Hiroyuki, Japanese writer
  • 1962 – Michael Salinger, American poet
  • 1962 – Scott Sterling, American musician (Scott La Rock)
  • 1962 – Raimo Summanen, Finnish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1963 – Tuff Hedeman, American bull rider
  • 1963 – Tanyu Kiryakov, Bulgarian pistol shooter
  • 1964 – Megan Leigh, American porn star (d. 1990)
  • 1964 – Mike Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1987)
  • 1965 – Ron Gant, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Lembit Öpik, British politician
  • 1968 – Daniel Craig, English actor
  • 1971 – Dave Gorman, English documentary comedian
  • 1971 – Elizabeth Lackey, American actress
  • 1972 – Richard Ruccolo, American actor
  • 1972 – Amber Smith, American actress and model
  • 1973 – Trevor Sinclair, English footballer
  • 1973 – Dejan Bodiroga, Serbian basketball player
  • 1974 – Monika Niederstätter, Italian athlete
  • 1974 – Hayley Lewis, Australian swimmer
  • 1976 – Glenn Rubenstein, American writer and journalist
  • 1977 – Chris Martin, English musician (Coldplay)
  • 1977 – Heather McComb, American actress
  • 1977 – Andrew Strauss, English cricket player
  • 1977 – Jay Gibbons, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Giannis Skopelitis, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Damien Duff, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Sergei Davydov, Belarusian figure skater
  • 1980 – Édson Nobre, Angolan footballer
  • 1980 – Lance Cade, American professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Bryce Dallas Howard, American actress
  • 1982 – Kevin Kurányi, German footballer
  • 1982 – Henrik Lundqvist, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Ben Roethlisberger, American football player
  • 1982 – Corey Webster, American football player
  • 1983 – Glen Perkins, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Elizabeth Jagger, English model and actress
  • 1985 – Robert Iler, American actor
  • 1985 – Reggie Bush, American football player
  • 1985 – Luke Pritchard, British singer (The Kooks)
  • 1988 – Nadine Samonte, Filipino actress
  • 1988 – Keith Jack, British singer and actor

March 2 – Deaths:

  • 855 – Lothair, King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor (b. 795)
  • 1316 – Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296)
  • 1572 – Mem de Sá, Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil
  • 1589 – Alessandro Cardinal Farnese, Italian cardinal (b. 1520)
  • 1729 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1662)
  • 1755 – Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (b. 1675)
  • 1758 – Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (b. 1679)
  • 1791 – John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (b. 1703)
  • 1793 – Carl Gustaf Pilo, Swedish-born artist
  • 1797 – Horace Walpole, English politician and writer (b. 1717)
  • 1830 – Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (b. 1755)
  • 1835 – Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1768)
  • 1840 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, German astronomer (b. 1758)
  • 1855 – Nicholas I of Russia, Emperor of Russia (b. 1796)
  • 1865 – Carl Sylvius Völkner, German missionary to New Zealand (b. 1819)
  • 1880 – Sir John MacNeill, Irish civil engineer (b. 1790)
  • 1895 – Berthe Morisot, French painter (b. 1841)
  • 1895 – Isma’il Pasha, Governor of Egypt (b. 1830)
  • 1921 – Champ Clark, American politician (b. 1850)
  • 1921 – King Nicholas I of Montenegro (b. 1841)
  • 1930 – D. H. Lawrence, English writer (b. 1885)
  • 1938 – Ben Harney, American composer and pianist (b. 1871)
  • 1939 – Howard Carter, British archaeologist (b. 1874)
  • 1945 – Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
  • 1946 – Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (b. 1895)
  • 1953 – Jim Lightbody, American runner (b. 1882)
  • 1958 – Fred Merkle, American baseball figure (b. 1888)
  • 1959 – Eric Blore, English actor (b. 1887)
  • 1960 – Stanislaw Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising (b. 1874)
  • 1962 – Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1866)
  • 1967 – José Martínez Ruiz, Spanish poet and writer (b. 1873)
  • 1970 – Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Cleo A. Noel, Jr., US Chief of Mission to Sudan (b. 1918)
  • 1974 – Salvador Puig Antich, Spanish anarchist (b. 1948)
  • 1975 – Josiah Mwangi Kariuki, Kenyan politician (b.1929)
  • 1979 – Christy Ring Irish hurler (b. 1920)
  • 1982 – Philip K. Dick, American author (b. 1928)
  • 1987 – Randolph Scott, American actor and director (b. 1898)
  • 1991 – Serge Gainsbourg, French singer (b. 1928)
  • 1992 – Sandy Dennis, American actress (b. 1937)
  • 1994 – Anita Morris, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 1997 – Bloodshed, American rapper (b. 1975)
  • 1999 – David Ackles, American singer and songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Dusty Springfield, English singer (b. 1939)
  • 2001 – John Diamond, British journalist (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Hank Ballard, American musician (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Cormac McAnallen, Northern Irish Gaelic footballer (b. 1980)
  • 2004 – Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Marge Schott, American baseball team owner (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Rick Mahler, American baseball player (b. 1953)
  • 2005 – Martin Denny, American musician (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Milton Katims, American violist and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 2006 – Jack Wild, British actor (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Ivan Safronov, Russian journalist (b. 1956)
  • 2007 – Clem Labine, American baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Thomas S. Kleppe, U.S. politician (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Henri Troyat, French writer, dean of the Académie française (b. 1911)
  • 2008 – Jeff Healey, Canadian musician (b. 1966)

March 2 – Holidays:

  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of ‘Alá (Loftiness) – First day of the 19th month of the Bahá’í calendar.
  • Texas Independence Day (1836).
  • Church of England – Saint Chad’s Day.
  • March 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Catholic Church:
    • Saint Jovinus
    • Blessed Charles the Good, Count of Flanders (+Bruges 1127)

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On This Day in History March 1

March 1 – Events:

  • 86 BC – Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters in Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.
  • 286 – Roman Emperor Diocletian raises Maximian to the rank of Caesar.
  • 293 – Roman Emperors Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesares, thus beginning the Tetrarchy.
  • 317 – Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares
  • 1457 – The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
  • 1562 – Over 1,000 Huguenots are massacred by Catholics in Wassy, France, marking the  start of the French Wars of Religion.
  • 1565 – The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded.
  • 1593 – The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.
  • 1628 – Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.
  • 1633 – Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.
  • 1642 – Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine) becomes the first incorporated city in the USA.
  • 1692 – Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials.
  • 1700 – Sweden introduces its own Swedish calendar, in an attempt to gradually merge into the Gregorian calendar, reverts to the Julian calendar on this date in 1712, and introduces the Gregorian Calendar on this date in 1753.
  • 1781 – The Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation.
  • 1790 – The first United States census is authorized.
  • 1803 – Ohio is admitted as the 17th U.S. state.
  • 1805 – Justice Samuel Chase is acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate.
  • 1811 – Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali.
  • 1815 – Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba.
  • 1836 – A Convention of delegates from 57 Texas communities convenes in  Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico.
  • 1840 – Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.
  • 1845 – President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.
  • 1847 – The state of Michigan formally abolishes capital punishment.
  • 1852 – Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • 1854 – German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
  • 1867 – Nebraska becomes the 37th U.S. state; Lancaster, Nebraska is renamed Lincoln and becomes the state capital.
  • 1872 – YellowstoneNational Park is established as the world’s first national park.
  • 1873 – E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
  • 1886 – The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
  • 1896 – Battle of Adowa: an Ethiopian army defeats an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo–Ethiopian War.
  • 1896 – Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.
  • 1912 – Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
  • 1914 – The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1917 – U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
  • 1919 – March 1st Movement begins in Korea.
  • 1932 – The son of Charles Lindbergh is kidnapped.
  • 1936 – The Hoover Dam is completed.
  • 1936 – A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen’s Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • 1941 – World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers.
  • 1941 – W47NV (now known as WSM-FM) begins operations in Nashville, Tennessee becoming the first FM radio station in the U.S.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Bismarck Sea begins.
  • 1946 – The Bank of England is nationalized.
  • 1947 – The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations.
  • 1949 – Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
  • 1949 – Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxer.
  • 1950 – Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by disclosing top secret atomic bomb data.
  • 1953 – Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.
  • 1954 – Nuclear testing: The Castle Bravo, a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United States.
  • 1954 – Puerto Rican nationalists attack the United States Capitol building, injuring five Representatives.
  • 1956 – The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
  • 1958 – Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia.
  • 1961 – President of the United States John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.
  • 1961 – Uganda becomes self-governing and holds its first elections.
  • 1962 – American Airlines Flight 1 crashes on take off in New York.
  • 1966 – Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashes on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet’s surface.
  • 1966 – The Ba’ath Party takes power in Syria.
  • 1967 – House of Representatives expels Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (D-NY) (307 to 116).
  • 1969 – Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself at Dinner Key Auditorium.
  • 1969 – Mickey Mantle announces his retirement from baseball.
  • 1970 – End of US commercial whale hunting.
  • 1970 – White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain.
  • 1971 – A bomb explodes in a men’s room in the United States Capitol: the Weather Underground claims responsibility.
  • 1971 – Pakistani President Yahya Khan indefinitely postpones the pending national assembly session, precipitating massive civil disobedience in East Pakistan.
  • 1972 – The Thai province of Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani province.
  • 1973 – Black September terrorists storm the Saudi embassy in Khartoum, Sudan resulting in the 1973 Khartoum diplomatic assassinations.
  • 1974 – Watergate scandal: Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice.
  • 1975 – Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.
  • 1980 – Voyager 1 probe confirms that Janus (moon of Saturn) exists.
  • 1988 – Pontiac announces the end of the Fiero automobile.
  • 1988 – Wayne Gretsky passes Gordie Howe with his record 1,050th NHL assist.
  • 1989 – The United States becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1990 – Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
  • 1992 – Bosnia and Herzegovina declares its independence from Yugoslavia.
  • 1995 – Polish Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak resigns from parliament and is replaced by ex-communist Józef Oleksy.
  • 2000 – The Constitution of Finland is rewritten.
  • 2000 – Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.
  • 2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.
  • 2002 – The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).
  • 2002 – The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the euro (€).
  • 2003 – Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.
  • 2004 – Terry Nichols is convicted of state murder charges and being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.
  • 2004 – Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq.
  • 2006 – Tarja Halonen is inaugurated as President of Finland for the second and last time.
  • 2006 – English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.
  • 2007 – Tornadoes swarm across the southern United States, killing at least 20; eight of the deaths were at a high school in Enterprise, Alabama.
  • 2007 – “Squatters” are evicted from Ungdomshuset in Copenhagen, Denmark, provoking the March 2007 Denmark Riots.

March 1 – Birthdays:

  • 40 – Martial, Latin poet (d. 102)
  • 1432 – Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal (d. 1455)
  • 1445 – Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (d. 1510)
  • 1456 – King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (d. 1516)
  • 1474 – Angela Merici, Italian nun (d. 1540)
  • 1547 – Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)
  • 1597 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652)
  • 1610 – John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)
  • 1657 – Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (d. 1740)
  • 1683 – Caroline of Ansbach, wife of George II of Great Britain (d. 1737)
  • 1732 – William Cushing, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States. (d. 1810)
  • 1760 – François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)
  • 1769 – François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (d. 1796)
  • 1807 – Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1898)
  • 1810 – Frédéric Chopin, Polish-French composer and pianist (d. 1849)
  • 1812 – Augustus Pugin, English-born architect (d. 1852)
  • 1817 – Giovanni Duprè, Italian sculptor (d. 1882)
  • 1821 – Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Catholic bishop (d. 1896)
  • 1837 – William Dean Howells, American writer, historian, and politician (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • 1848 – Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Irish-born American sculptor (d. 1907)
  • 1852 – Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • 1858 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (d. 1918)
  • 1863 – Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1865 – Abe Iso, Japanese politician (d. 1949)
  • 1871 – Ben Harney, American composer and ragtime pianist (d. 1938)
  • 1876 – Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian IOC president (d. 1942)
  • 1880 – Giles Lytton Strachey British writer (d. 1932)
  • 1886 – Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian painter and poet (d. 1980)
  • 1888 – Ewart Astill, English cricketer (d. 1948)
  • 1889 – Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • 1892 – Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japanese writer (d. 1927)
  • 1893 – Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)
  • 1896 – Dimitris Mitropoulos, Greek conductor and composer (d. 1960)
  • 1896 – Moriz Seeler, German writer and producer (d. 1942)
  • 1899 – Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Paul Hartman, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – Glenn Miller, American bandleader (d. 1944)
  • 1905 – Doris Hare, Welsh actress (d. 2000)
  • 1910 – Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – David Niven, English actor (d. 1983)
  • 1912 – Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, archbishop of Toronto (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Harry Caray, American sportscaster (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Ralph Ellison, American writer (d. 1994)
  • 1917 – Robert Lowell, American poet (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – Roger Delgado, English actor (d. 1973)
  • 1918 – João Goulart, President of Brazil (d. 1976)
  • 1918 – Gladys Noon Spellman, American politician (d. 1988)
  • 1920 – Howard Nemerov, American poet (d. 1991)
  • 1920 – Max Bentley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – Terence Cardinal Cooke, American Catholic archbishop (d. 1983)
  • 1921 – Richard Wilbur, American poet
  • 1922 – William Gaines, American publisher (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Kuczka Péter, Hungarian writer and editor (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Deke Slayton, American astronaut (d. 1993)
  • 1926 – Robert Clary, French-born actor
  • 1926 – Pete Rozelle, American commissioner of the NFL (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Cesare Danova, Italian-born American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Harry Belafonte, American musician and activist
  • 1927 – Robert Bork, American legal scholar
  • 1928 – Seymour Papert, South African mathematician
  • 1928 – Jacques Rivette, French film director
  • 1929 – Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (d. 1978)
  • 1930 – Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (d. 1980)
  • 1935 – Robert Conrad, American actor
  • 1936 – Monique Bégin, French-Canadian politician
  • 1936 – Jean-Edern Hallier, French author (d. 1997)
  • 1937 – Jed Allan, American actor
  • 1939 – Leo Brouwer, Cuban composer and guitarist
  • 1940 – Robert Grossman, American illustrator
  • 1942 – Richard Bowman Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1943 – Gil Amelio, American venture capitalist
  • 1943 – Akinori Nakayama, Japanese gymnast
  • 1943 – Richard H. Price, American physicist
  • 1943 – Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist
  • 1943 – José Ángel Iribar, Spanish footballer
  • 1944 – John Breaux, U.S. Senator from Louisiana
  • 1944 – Mike d’Abo, English singer (Manfred Mann)
  • 1944 – Roger Daltrey, English musician (The Who)
  • 1945 – Dirk Benedict, American actor
  • 1946 – Lana Wood, American actress
  • 1946 – Gerry Boulet, French-Canadian singer (d. 1990)
  • 1946 – Elvin Bethea, American football player
  • 1947 – Alan Thicke, Canadian actor and songwriter
  • 1948 – Burning Spear, Jamaican singer and musician
  • 1952 – Steven Barnes, American writer
  • 1952 – Leigh Matthews, Australian rules footballer
  • 1952 – Martin O’Neill, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1953 – Richard Bruton, Irish politician and economist
  • 1954 – Catherine Bach, American actress
  • 1954 – Ron Howard, American actor and director
  • 1956 – Timothy Daly, American actor
  • 1958 – Bertrand Piccard, Swiss balloonist and psychiatrist
  • 1958 – Nik Kershaw, English musician
  • 1958 – Chosei Komatsu, Japanese conductor
  • 1960 – William Bennett, English musician (Whitehouse)
  • 1963 – Rob Affuso, American drummer
  • 1963 – Thomas Anders, German singer (Modern Talking)
  • 1963 – Ron Francis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Dan Michaels, American musician and record producer
  • 1964 – Paul Le Guen, French football manager
  • 1964 – Clinton Gregory, American musician
  • 1965 – Stewart Elliott, Canadian jockey
  • 1965 – Booker Huffman, American professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Mary Lou Lord, American singer/songwriter
  • 1966 – Susan Auch, Canadian speed-skater
  • 1967 – Yelena Afanasyeva, Russian athlete
  • 1967 – George Eads, American actor
  • 1967 – Aron Winter, Dutch footballer
  • 1969 – Javier Bardem, Spanish actor
  • 1969 – DougCreek, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Dafydd Ieuan, Welsh drummer (Super Furry Animals)
  • 1971 – Tyler Hamilton, American cyclist
  • 1973 – Jack Davenport, English actor
  • 1973 – Ryan Peake, Canadian guitarist (Nickelback)
  • 1973 – Carlo Resoort, Dutch DJ
  • 1973 – Chris Webber, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Mark-Paul Gosselaar, American actor
  • 1974 – Stephen Davis, American football player
  • 1976 – Peter F. Bell, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 – Rens Blom, Dutch athlete
  • 1977 – Esther Cañadas, Spanish actress and supermodel
  • 1978 – Jensen Ackles, American actor
  • 1978 – Donovan Patton, Guamanian television star
  • 1978 – Alicia Leigh Willis, American actress
  • 1980 – Shahid Afridi, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1980 – Abdur Rehman, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1980 – Djimi Traoré, Malian footballer
  • 1981 – Ana Hickmann, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1981 – Adam LaVorgna, American actor
  • 1981 – Will Power, Australian racing driver
  • 1981 – Brad Winchester, American ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Daniel Carvalho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Elan Sara DeFan, Mexican singer-songwriter
  • 1983 – Chris Hackett, English footballer
  • 1983 – Blake Hawksworth, Canadian baseball player
  • 1984 – Naima Mora, American model
  • 1984 – Alexander Steen, Canadian-born Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Andreas Ottl, German footballer
  • 1985 – J Leman, American Football Player
  • 1986 – Jonathan Spector, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Sammie, American singer
  • 1988 – Katija Pevec, American actress
  • 1989 – Sonya Kitchell, American singer
  • 1989 – Carlos Vela, Mexican footballer
  • 1990 – Harry Eden, English actor
  • 1990 – Nikolas Tsattalios, Australian soccer player

March 1 – Deaths:

  • 589 – Saint David, Patron Saint of Wales (b. 500)
  • 986 – King Lothair of France (b. 941)
  • 1131 – King Stephen II of Hungary (b. 1101)
  • 1233 – Count Thomas I of Savoy (b. 1178)
  • 1244 – Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)
  • 1383 – Amadeus VI of Savoy (b. 1334)
  • 1510 – Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier and explorer
  • 1536 – Bernardo Accolti, Italian poet (b. 1465)
  • 1546 – George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)
  • 1620 – Thomas Campion, English poet and composer (b. 1567)
  • 1633 – George Herbert, English poet and orator (b. 1593)
  • 1643 – Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian composer (b. 1583)
  • 1661 – Richard Zouch, English jurist (b. 1590)
  • 1697 – Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)
  • 1706 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)
  • 1734 – Roger North, English biographer (b. 1653)
  • 1757 – Edward Moore, English writer (b. 1712)
  • 1768 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)
  • 1773 – Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect (b. 1700)
  • 1777 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian composer (b. 1715)
  • 1792 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1747)
  • 1841 – Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (b. 1764)
  • 1862 – Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)
  • 1875 – Tristan Corbière, French poet (b. 1845)
  • 1879 – Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1825)
  • 1884 – Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)
  • 1898 – George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India, author (b. 1825)
  • 1906 – José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (b. 1833)
  • 1911 – Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1912 – George Grossmith, English actor and comic writer (b. 1847)
  • 1914 – Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (b. 1845)
  • 1920 – John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (b. 1842)
  • 1920 – Joseph Trumpeldor, Russian Zionist (b. 1880)
  • 1922 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (b. 1892)
  • 1929 – Royal H. Weller, American politician (b. 1881)
  • 1932 – Frank Teschemacher, American jazz clarinettist (b. 1906)
  • 1933 – Uladzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (b. 1900)
  • 1936 – Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (b. 1871)
  • 1938 – Gabriele D’Annunzio, Italian writer, war hero, and politician (b. 1863)
  • 1940 – Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (b. 1878)
  • 1942 – George S. Rentz, Navy Chaplain (b. 1882)
  • 1943 – Alexandre Yersin, Swiss physician (b. 1863)
  • 1952 – Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (b. 1873)
  • 1963 – Irish Meusel, American baseball player (b. 1893)
  • 1963 – Jorge Daponte, Argentine racing driver (b. 1923)
  • 1966 – Fritz Houtermans, German physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1970 – Lucille Hegamin, American singer and entertainer (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (b. 1935)
  • 1979 – Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (b. 1903)
  • 1980 – Dixie Dean, English footballer (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Wilhelmina, high-fashion model and owner of model agency (b. 1940)
  • 1984 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Joe Besser, American comedian and actor (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Edwin H. Land, American scientist and inventor (Polaroid Corporation) (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian television journalist (b. 1956)
  • 1995 – Georges J.F. Kohler, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1946)
  • 2000 – Dennis Danell, American guitarist (Social Distortion) (b. 1961)
  • 2006 – Peter Osgood, English footballer (b. 1947)
  • 2006 – Harry Browne, American politician and author (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Johnny Jackson, American musician (b. 1951)

March 1 – Holidays:

  • Bahá’í Faith – Last Day (4 or 5) of Ayyám-i-Há (Intercalary Days) – days in the Bahá’í calendar devoted to service and gift giving.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina – Independence Day
  • Bulgaria – Baba Marta
  • Iceland – Beer day – This day in 1989 beer was allowed again
  • Korea – Independence Movement Day
  • Roman Empire – Matronalia in honor of Juno
  • Roman Empire – Feriae Marti in honor of Mars
  • Roman Empire – New Year
  • Roman Empire – The sacred fire of Rome was renewed
  • Romania – Martisor
  • Tasmania – Eight Hours Day
  • Wales – Saint David’s Day
  • Western Australia – Labour day
  • Self Injury Awareness Day
  • Abdecalas
  • Saint Albin
  • Saint Monan, legendary Scottish saint
  • Saint Swidbert
  • Abdalong of Marseilles – informal feast

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On This Day in History February 28

February 28 – Events:

  • 202 BC – coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty’s rule over China.
  • 364 – Valentinian I becomes Roman Emperor.
  • 870 – The Fourth Council of Constantinople closes.
  • 1066 – Westminster Abbey opens.
  • 1638 – Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convenant, Greyfriars, Edinburgh.
  • 1700 – Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar.
  • 1704 – Elias Neau, a Frenchman, opens a school for blacks in NYC.
  • 1704 – Indians attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, kill 40, kidnap 100.
  • 1708Slave revolt, Newton, Long IslandNY, 11 die.
  • 1710 – In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock.
  • 1784 – John Wesley charters the MethodistChurch.
  • 1787 – The charter establishing the institution now known as the University of Pittsburgh is granted.
  • 1827 – The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad in America offering commercial transportation of both people and freight.
  • 1838 – Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Québec).
  • 1844 – A gun on USS Princeton explodes while the boat is on a Potomac River cruise, killing two United States Cabinet members and several others.
  • 1849 – Regular steamboat service from the west to the east coast of the United States begins with the arrival of the SS California in San FranciscoBay, 4 months 21 days after leaving New YorkHarbor.
  • 1850 – The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • 1854 – The Republican Party of the United States is organized in Ripon, Wisconsin.
  • 1861 – Colorado is organized as a United States territory.
  • 1870 – The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1883 – The first vaudeville theater opens in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1885 – The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New YorkState as the subsidiary of American Bell Telephone.
  • 1897 – Queen Ranavalona III, the last monarch of Madagascar, is deposed by a French military force.
  • 1900 – The Second Boer War: The 118-day “Siege of Ladysmith” is lifted.
  • 1922 – The United Kingdom accepts the independence of Egypt.
  • 1933 – Gleichschaltung: The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in Germany a day after the Reichstag fire.
  • 1935 – Nylon is invented by Wallace Carothers.
  • 1939 – The first issue of Serbian weekly magazine Politikin zabavnik is published.
  • 1939 – The erroneous word “Dord” is discovered in the Webster’s New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
  • 1940 – Basketball is televised for the first time (Fordham University vs. the University of Pittsburgh in MadisonSquareGarden).
  • 1942 – The heavy cruiser USS Houston (CA-30) is sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait with 693 crew members killed.
  • 1943 – “Porgy & Bess” opens on Broadway with Anne Brown & Todd Duncan.
  • 1947 – 228 Incident: In Taiwan, civil disorder is put down with the loss of 30,000 civilian lives.
  • 1953 – James D. Watson and Francis Crick announce to friends that they have determined the chemical structure of DNA; the formal announcement takes place on April 25 following publication in April Nature (published April 2).
  • 1958 – A school bus in Floyd County, Kentucky hits a wrecker truck and plunges down an embankment into the rain-swollen LevisaForkRiver. The driver and 26 children die in what remains the worst school bus accident in U.S. history.
  • 1971 – Jack Nicklaus completes his second golf grand slam.
  • 1972 – Sino-American relations: The United States and People’s Republic of China sign the Shanghai Communiqué.
  • 1974 – After seven years, the United States and Egypt re-establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1975 – A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.
  • 1983 – The final episode of M*A*S*H is broadcast in the USA, becoming the most watched television episode in history, with 106–125 million viewers in the U.S. (estimate varies by source).
  • 1985 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army carries out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing nine officers in the highest loss of life for the RUC on a single day.
  • 1986 – Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden, is assassinated in Stockholm.
  • 1991 – The first Gulf War ends.
  • 1993 – Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents raid the Branch Davidian church in Waco, Texas with a warrant to arrest the group’s leader David Koresh. Four BATF agents and five Davidians die in the initial raid, starting a 51-day standoff.
  • 1997 – The North Hollywood shootout takes place.
  • 1998 – First flight of RQ-4 Global Hawk, the first unmanned aerial vehicle certified to file its own flight plans and fly regularly in U.S. civilian airspace.
  • 1998 – Kosovo War: Serbian police begin the offensive against the Kosovo Liberation Army in Kosovo.
  • 2001 – The Nisqually Earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter Scale hits the NisquallyValley and the Seattle, Tacoma, and Olympia area of the U.S. state of Washington.
  • 2001 – Six passengers and four railway staff are killed and a further 82 people suffer serious injuries in the Selby rail crash.
  • 2004 – Over 1 million Taiwanese participating in the 228 Hand-in-Hand Rally form a 500- kilometre (300-mile) long human chain to commemorate the 228 Incident in 1947.
  • 2005 – Lebanon’s pro-Syrian prime minister, Omar Karami, resigns amid large anti-Syria street demonstrations in Beirut.
  • 2007 – Jupiter flyby of the New Horizons Pluto-observer spacecraft.

February 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1155 – Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (d. 1183)
  • 1261 – Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)
  • 1409 – Elisabeth II of Bohemia (d. 1442)
  • 1533 – Michel de Montaigne, French writer (d. 1592)
  • 1552 – Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker (d. 1632)
  • 1612 – John Pearson, English theologian (d. 1686)
  • 1670 – Benjamin Wadsworth, American President of HarvardUniversity (d. 1737)
  • 1675 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
  • 1683 – René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (d. 1757)
  • 1704 – Louis Godin, French astronomer (d. 1760)
  • 1712 – Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (d. 1759)
  • 1724 – George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (d. 1807)
  • 1812 – Berthold Auerbach, German poet and author (d. 1882)
  • 1820 – John Tenniel, English illustrator (d. 1914)
  • 1823 – Ernest Renan, French philosopher (d. 1892)
  • 1824 – Blondin, French tightrope walker (d. 1897)
  • 1833 – Alfred von Schlieffen, German field marshal (d. 1913)
  • 1838 – Maurice Lévy, French engineer (d. 1910)
  • 1840 – Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (d. 1892)
  • 1841 – Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, French politician (d. 1914)
  • 1851 – Samuel W. McCall, 47 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1923)
  • 1865 – Wilfred Grenfell, medical missionary (d. 1940)
  • 1878 – Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
  • 1878 – Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (d. 1952)
  • 1882 – Geraldine Farrar, American soprano (d. 1967)
  • 1882 – José Vasconcelos, Mexican writer (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Pádraic Ó Conaire, Irish writer (d. 1928)
  • 1894 – Ben Hecht, American playwright (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Marcel Pagnol, French novelist, playwright and film director (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1900 – Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)
  • 1901 – Linus Pauling, American chemist and activist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1903 – Vincente Minnelli, American film director (d. 1986)
  • 1906 – Bugsy Siegel, American gangster (d. 1947)
  • 1907 – Milton Caniff, American cartoonist (Terry and the Pirates, SteveCanyon) (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Billie Bird, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1908 – Alexander Golitzen, American art director (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Stephen Spender, English poet (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini (d. 1945)
  • 1915 – Ketti Frings, American Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright and screenwriter, (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Peter Medawar, Brazilian-born scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1915 – Zero Mostel, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1921 – Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Charles Durning, American actor
  • 1926 – Svetlana Alliluyeva, Soviet defector, daughter of Joseph Stalin
  • 1925 – Harry H Corbett, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1929 – Hayden Fry, American football coach
  • 1929 – Frank Gehry, Canadian-American architect
  • 1929 – John Montague, Irish poet
  • 1929 – Joseph Rouleau, French Canadian bass opera singer
  • 1930 – Leon Neil Cooper, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Gavin MacLeod, American actor
  • 1931 – Dean Smith, American basketball coach
  • 1932 – Don Francks, Canadian actor
  • 1933 – Rein Taagepera, Estonian politician
  • 1939 – Daniel C. Tsui, Chinese-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Tommy Tune, American dancer
  • 1940 – Mario Andretti, Italian-American race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
  • 1940 – Joe South, American singer
  • 1942 – Frank Bonner, American actor
  • 1942 – Brian Jones, English musician (The Rolling Stones) (d. 1969)
  • 1942 – Dino Zoff, Italian footballer
  • 1943 – Barbara Acklin, American soul singer (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Charles Bernstein, American composer
  • 1944 – Win Aung, Burmese politician
  • 1944 – Kelly Bishop, American actress
  • 1944 – Sepp Maier, German footballer
  • 1945 – Bubba Smith, American football player and actor
  • 1946 – Robin Cook, British politician (d. 2005)
  • 1947 – Stephanie Beacham, English actress
  • 1948 – Steven Chu, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1948 – Mike Figgis, English director
  • 1948 – Bernadette Peters, American actress and singer
  • 1948 – Mercedes Ruehl, American actress
  • 1951 – Bill Cratty, American modern dancer and choreographer (d. 1998)
  • 1952 – William Finn, American composer
  • 1953 – Ingo Hoffmann, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1953 – Paul Krugman, American economist
  • 1954 – Brian Billick, American football coach
  • 1955 – Gilbert Gottfried, American comedian
  • 1956 – Adrian Dantley, American basketball player
  • 1956 – Jimmy Nicholl, Canadian-born Northern Irish footballer
  • 1956 – Mike Tenay, American wrestling commentator
  • 1957 – Paul Delph, American musician and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1957 – Ainsley Harriott, British celebrity chef
  • 1957 – John Turturro, American actor
  • 1957 – Cindy Wilson, American singer (The B-52′s)
  • 1958 – Jeanne Mas, French singer and actress
  • 1960 – Dorothy Stratten, Canadian actress (d. 1980)
  • 1961 – Rae Dawn Chong, Canadian actress
  • 1961 – Mark Latham, Australian politician
  • 1961 – René Simard, French Canadian singer and TV host
  • 1961 – Eric Bachelart, Belgian racing driver
  • 1963 – Claudio Chiappucci, Italian cyclist
  • 1964 – Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, Uzbekistan cyclist
  • 1966 – Paulo Futre, Portuguese footballer
  • 1967 – Colin Cooper, English footballer
  • 1968 – Stéphan Lebeau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Butch Leitzinger, American race car driver
  • 1969 – Robert Sean Leonard, American actor
  • 1969 – Tor Øivind Ødegaard, Norwegian track runner
  • 1969 – Patrick Monahan, American singer (Train)
  • 1970 – Daniel Handler, American writer, better known as Lemony Snicket
  • 1970 – Noureddine Morceli, Algerian athlete
  • 1971 – Tristan Louis, American writer
  • 1971 – Junya Nakano, Japanese composer
  • 1971 – Peter Stebbings, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Rory Cochrane, American actor
  • 1973 – Eric Lindros, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Nicolas Minassian, French racing driver
  • 1974 – Lee Carsley, Irish footballer
  • 1974 – Moana Mackey, New Zealand politician
  • 1975 – Mike Rucker, American football player
  • 1976 – Ali Larter, American actress and model
  • 1976 – Adam Pine, Australian swimmer
  • 1976 – Guillaume Lemay-Thivierge, Canadian actor
  • 1977 – Jason Aldean, American country singer
  • 1978 – Benjamin Raich, Austrian Olympic skier
  • 1978 – Jamaal Tinsley, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Mariano Zabaleta, Argentine tennis player
  • 1979 – Sébastien Bourdais, French racing driver
  • 1979 – Michael Bisping, English mixed martial artist
  • 1979 – Ivo Karlovic, Croatian tennis player
  • 1979 – Primož Peterka, Slovenian ski jumper
  • 1980 – Pascal Bosschaart, Dutch footballer
  • 1980 – Lucian Bute, Romanian-born Quebec boxer
  • 1980 – Piotr Giza, Polish footballer
  • 1980 – Tayshaun Prince, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Brian Bannister, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Florent Serra, French tennis player
  • 1982 – Natalia Vodianova, Russian supermodel
  • 1984 – Ben Fagan, American musician and reality show contestant
  • 1984 – Karolína Kurková, Czech supermodel
  • 1985 – Fefe Dobson, Canadian singer
  • 1985 – Jelena Jankovic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1987 – Kerrea Gilbert, English footballer
  • 1988 – Markéta Irglová, Czech songwriter and actress
  • 1989 – Zhang Liyin, Chinese R&B singer
  • 1991 – Sarah Bolger, Irish actress
  • 2007 – Princess Lalla Khadija of Morocco

February 28 – Deaths:

  • 1261 – Henry III, Duke of Brabant (b. c. 1230)
  • 1326 – Duke Leopold I of Austria (b. 1290)
  • 1453 – Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1400)
  • 1485 – Niclas, Graf von Abensberg, German soldier (b. 1441)
  • 1510 – Juan de la Cosa, Spanish cartographer and explorer
  • 1525 – Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler
  • 1572 – Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (b. 1505)
  • 1621 – Cosimo II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1590)
  • 1648 – King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway (b. 1577)
  • 1746 – Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)
  • 1786 – John Gwynn, English architect and engineer (b. 1713)
  • 1788 – Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman (b. 1725)
  • 1857 – André Dumont, Belgian geologist (b. 1809)
  • 1869 – Alphonse de Lamartine, French writer and poet (b. 1790)
  • 1916 – Henry James, American writer (b. 1843)
  • 1925 – Friedrich Ebert, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1871)
  • 1929 – Clemens von Pirquet, Austrian physician (b. 1874)
  • 1932 – Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1935 – Chiquinha Gonzaga, Brazilian composer (b. 1847).
  • 1936 – Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or  Medicine (b. 1866)
  • 1941 – King Alfonso XIII of Spain (b. 1886)
  • 1942 – Karel Doorman, Dutch admiral (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – Emile Buisson, French murderer executed (b. 1902)
  • 1959 – Maxwell Anderson, American playwright and film writer (b. 1888)
  • 1963 – Rajendra Prasad, First President of India (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – Jonathan Hale, Canadian-born actor (b. 1891)
  • 1967 – Henry Luce, American publisher (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Bobby Bloom, American singer/songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 1977 – Eddie ‘Rochester’ Anderson, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Philip Ahn, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Zara Cully, American actress (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Eric Frank Russell, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1979 – Paul Alverdes, German writer (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – David Byron, English singer (Uriah Heep) (b. 1947)
  • 1985 – Ray Ellington, English singer (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1927)
  • 1986 – Laura Z. Hobson, American novelist (b. 1900)
  • 1991 – Reinhard Bendix, German sociologist (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Wassily Hoeffding, American statistician (b. 1914)
  • 1993 – Ishiro Honda, Japanese film director (b. 1911)
  • 1993 – Ruby Keeler, Canadian actress and dancer (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Dermot Morgan, Irish actor and comedian (b. 1952)
  • 1998 – Arkady Shevchenko, Soviet diplomat (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Christine Glanville, British Puppeteer (. 1924)
  • 2002 – Mary Stuart, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Chris Brasher, English athlete (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Fidel Sánchez Hernández, President of El Salvador (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Roger Michael Needham, British cryptographer (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Rudolf Kingslake, Lens designer, and Engineer (b. 1903)
  • 2004 – Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Carmen Laforet, famed Spanish novelist
  • 2004 – Andres Nuiamäe, Estonian soldier (b. 1982)
  • 2006 – Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Baron Charles Forte, Italian-born hotelier (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian and political commentator (b.1917)
  • 2007 – Billy Thorpe, Australian musician (Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs) (b. 1946)
  • 2008 – Mike Smith, English musician (The Dave Clark Five) (b. 1943)

February 28 – Holidays:

  • Bahá’í Faith – Day 3 of Ayyám-i-Há (Intercalary Days) – days in the Bahá’í calendar devoted to service and gift giving.
  • Kalevala Day, The Day of Finnish Culture – Finland
  • Peace Memorial Day, the day of commemorating the 228 Incident – Taiwan
  • Liturgical observances:
    • Mar Abba
    • Abercius (martyr)
    • Saint Hilarius (died 468)
    • Saint Romanus (died 463)
    • Saint Oswald (d. 992)
    • Saint Rufinus

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