On This Day in History September 11

September 11 – Events:

  • 9 – Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends.
  • 506 – The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
  • 1185 – Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt which deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1226 – The Roman Catholic practice of perpetual adoration begins.
  • 1297 – Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots led by William Wallace defeat the English.
  • 1541 – Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko.
  • 1609 – Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain’s Moriscos.
  • 1649 – Siege of Drogheda ends: Oliver Cromwell’s English Parliamentarian troops take the town and execute its garrison.
  • 1683 – John III Sobieski of Poland arrives on Kahlen Hill, leading to the Battle of Vienna the next day.
  • 1697 – Battle of Zenta
  • 1708 – Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the Great Northern War. The army is defeated nine months later in the battle of Poltava, and the Swedish empire is no longer a major power.
  • 1709 – Battle of Malplaquet: Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria fight against France.
  • 1714 – Barcelona surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbon armies in the War of the Spanish Succession.
  • 1773 – The Public Advertiser publishes a satirical essay titled Rules By Which A Great Empire May Be Reduced To A Small One, which is written by Benjamin Franklin.
  • 1776 – British-American peace conference on Staten Island fails to stop nascent American Revolution.
  • 1777 – Battle of Brandywine – Major American Revolutionary war victory for British in Chester County, Pennsylvania.
  • 1786 – The Beginning of the Annapolis Convention.
  • 1789 – Alexander Hamilton is appointed as first United States Secretary of the Treasury.
  • 1792 – Hope Diamond is stolen along with other crown jewels when six men broke into the house used to store the jewels.
  • 1802 – France annexed the Kingdom of Piedmont.
  • 1814 – The climax of the Battle of Plattsburgh, a major United States victory in the War of 1812.
  • 1847 – Stephen Foster’s most well-known song, Oh! Susanna, is first performed at a saloon in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • 1857 – The Mountain Meadows Massacre: Mormon settlers and Paiutes massacre 120 pioneers at Mountain Meadows, Utah.
  • 1888 – Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher’s Day was chosen.
  • 1891 – The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
  • 1893 – First World Parliament of Religions conference held.
  • 1897 – After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
  • 1903 – First race is held at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
  • 1906 – Mahatma Gandhi coins the term Satyagraha to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
  • 1914 – Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
  • 1915 – The Pennsylvania Railroad begins electrified commuter rail service between Paoli and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, using overhead AC trolley wires for power.
  • 1916 – The Quebec Bridge’s central span collapses, killing 11 men. The bridge initially collapsed in toto on August 29, 1907.
  • 1919 – U.S. Marines invade Honduras.
  • 1921 – Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled.
  • 1922 – The British Mandate of Palestine begins.
  • 1922 – The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
  • 1922 – One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia’s predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
  • 1926 – An assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini fails.
  • 1931 – Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano’s hitmen.
  • 1932 – Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, killed in a plane crash as their RWD 6 crashed into the ground during a storm.
  • 1940 – George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
  • 1940 – World War II: Buckingham Palace is damaged during a German air raid.
  • 1941 – Ground broken for the construction of The Pentagon.
  • 1941 – World War II: U.S. Navy ordered to attack German U-boats.
  • 1941 – Charles Lindberg’s Des Moines Speech accusing the British, Jews and FDR’s administration of pressing for war with Germany.
  • 1943 – World War II: German troops occupy Corsica and Kosovo-Metohija.
  • 1943 – World War II: start of the liquidation of the Ghettos in Minsk and Lida by the Nazis.
  • 1944 – World War II: the first allied troops of the U.S. Army cross the western border of Nazi
  • 1944 – World War II: RAF bombing raid on Darmstadt and the following firestorm kill 11,500.
  • 1945 – World War II: Liberation of the Japanese-run POW and civilian internee camp at Batu Lintang, Kuching, Sarawak on the island of Borneo by Australian 9th Division forces. Over 2,000 prisoners, including women and children, were due to be executed on September 15.
  • 1956 – People to People International is founded by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
  • 1960 – Young Americans for Freedom meeting at home of William F. Buckley, Jr. promulgates the Sharon Statement.
  • 1961 – Formation of the World Wildlife Fund.
  • 1961 – Hurricane Carla strikes the Texas coast as a Category 4 hurricane.
  • 1965 – The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in Vietnam.
  • 1968 – Air France Flight 1611 crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and 6 crew.
  • 1970 – 88 of the hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings are released. The remaining hostages, mostly Jews or Israeli citizens, are held until September 25.
  • 1970 – The Ford Pinto is introduced.
  • 1971 – The Egyptian Constitution becomes official.
  • 1972 – Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) in San Francisco, California begins regular service.
  • 1973 – A coup in Chile headed by General Augusto Pinochet topples the democratically elected President Salvador Allende. Pinochet remains in power for almost 17 years.
  • 1974 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 212 crashes in Charlotte, North Carolina, killing 69 passengers and two crew.
  • 1978 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter, President Sadat of Egypt, and Prime Minister Begin of Israel met at Camp David and agreed on a framework for peace between Israel and Egypt and a comprehensive peace in the Middle East.
  • 1980 – Voters approve the present Constitution of Chile.
  • 1981 – A small plane crashes into the Swing Auditorium in San Bernardino damaging it beyond repair.
  • 1982 – The international forces, which were guaranteeing the safety of Palestinian refugees following Israel’s 1982 Invasion of Lebanon, left Beirut. Five days later, several thousand refugees were massacred in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
  • 1985 – Baseball: Pete Rose gets his 4,192nd career base hit, breaking Ty Cobb’s record which stood for over 60 years.
  • 1987 – Dan Rather walks off the set of the CBS Evening News over disapproval of the handling of a major event being interrupted and postponed by a sports program, leaving six minutes of dead air.
  • 1989 – The iron curtain opens between the communist Hungary and Austria. From Hungary thousands of East Germans throng to Austria and West Germany.
  • 1990 – U.S. President George H. W. Bush delivers a nationally televised speech in which he threatens the use of force to remove Iraqi soldiers from Kuwait, which Iraq had recently invaded.
  • 1992 – Hurricane Iniki, one of the most damaging hurricanes in United States history , devastates the State of Hawaii, especially the islands of Kauai and Oahu.
  • 1994 – Frank Eugene Corder steals a Cessna plane, intending to crash it into the White House.
  • 1996 – Union Pacific Railroad purchases Southern Pacific Railroad.
  • 1997 – NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor reaches Mars.
  • 1997 – After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom.
  • 1998 – Independent counsel Kenneth Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of 11 possible impeachable offenses.
  • 1998 – Opening ceremony for the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia was the first Asian country to host the games.
  • 2000 – Activists protest against the World Economic Forum meeting in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 2001 – Coordinated attacks resulting in the collapse or severe damage of several skyscrapers at the World Trade Center in New York City, destruction of the western portion of The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, and an intentional passenger airliner crash in Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
  • 2003 – Swedish foreign minister Anna Lindh dies after being assaulted and fatally wounded on September 10.
  • 2003 – The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety enters into effect.
  • 2004 – All passengers are killed when a helicopter crashes in the Aegean Sea. Passengers include Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and 16 others (including journalists and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria).
  • 2005 – The State of Israel completes its unilateral disengagement from the Gaza Strip.
  • 2007 – Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of all bombs.

September 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1182 – Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (d. 1204)
  • 1522 – Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian naturalist (d. 1605)
  • 1524 – Pierre de Ronsard, French poet (d. 1585)
  • 1611 – Henri de la Tour d’Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France (d. 1675)
  • 1681 – Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (d. 1741)
  • 1700 – James Thomson, Scottish poet (d. 1748)
  • 1711 – William Boyce, English composer (d. 1779)
  • 1723 – Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer (d. 1790)
  • 1786 – Friedrich Kuhlau, German composer (d. 1832)
  • 1798 – Franz Ernst Neumann, German mineralogist and physicist (d. 1895)
  • 1800 – Daniel S. Dickinson, New York senator (d. 1866)
  • 1816 – Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (d. 1888)
  • 1825 – Eduard Hanslick, German music critic (d. 1904)
  • 1836 – Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (d. 1870)
  • 1838 – John Ireland, American Catholic archbishop (d. 1918)
  • 1859 – Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian writer (d. 1905)
  • 1860 – Marianne von Werefkin, Russian-Swiss painter (d. 1938)
  • 1860 – James Allan, former All Black (d. 1934)
  • 1862 – O. Henry, American writer (d. 1910)
  • 1862 – Julian Byng, British army officer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (d. 1929)
  • 1877 – James Hopwood Jeans, Scientist (d. 1946)
  • 1885 – D.H. Lawrence, English novelist (d. 1930)
  • 1891 – William Thomas Walsh, American author (d. 1949)
  • 1892 – Pinto Colvig, Goofy’s and Pluto’s voice (d. 1967)
  • 1892 – Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (d. 1980)
  • 1893 – W. Douglas Hawkes, British racing driver (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Jimmie Davis, composer (d. 2000)
  • 1899 – Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (d. 1945)
  • 1900 – D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman (d. 1999)
  • 1903 – Theodor Adorno, German philosopher, composer, and sociologist (d. 1969)
  • 1911 – Bola de Nieve, Cuban pianist (d. 1971)
  • 1913 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, American football coach (d. 1983)
  • 1914 – Patriarch Pavle, Patriarch of Serbian Orthodox Church
  • 1917 – Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – Jessica Mitford, British writer (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Herbert Lom, film actor
  • 1918 – Don Blakeslee, American fighter pilot
  • 1921 – Edwin Richfield, British Actor (d. 1990)
  • 1923 – Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Hindu guru (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Daniel Akaka Chinese-American politician
  • 1924 – Tom Landry, American football coach (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Rudolf Vrba, Jewish Canadian professor, Holocaust survivor (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Harry Somers, Canadian composer (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Eddie Miksis, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – G. David Schine, American businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan broadcaster (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Willie Christine King, Elder sister of Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1928 – Reubin O’Donovan Askew, American politician
  • 1928 – Earl Holliman, American actor
  • 1930 – Saleh Selim, Egyptian football player (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Peter Anderson, English footballer
  • 1933 – William Luther Pierce, American author and activist (d. 2002)
  • 1934 – Oliver Jones, Canadian jazz pianist
  • 1934 – Norma Croker, Australian sprinter
  • 1935 – Arvo Pärt, Estonian composer
  • 1935 – Gherman Titov, second man in space (d. 2000)
  • 1936 – Ian Abercrombie, English actor
  • 1937 – Iosif Kobzon, Soviet singer and Russian businessman
  • 1937 – Queen Paola Ruffo di Calabria of Belgium
  • 1937 – Robert Crippen, American astronaut
  • 1938 – David Higgins, British Composer and Conductor
  • 1939 – Charles Geschke, American inventor and businessman
  • 1940 – Brian de Palma, American film director
  • 1940 – Theodore Olson, U.S. Solicitor General
  • 1940 – Nong Duc Manh, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam
  • 1942 – Lola Falana, American singer
  • 1942 – Gerome Ragni American Playwright
  • 1943 – Mickey Hart, American drummer (Grateful Dead)
  • 1943 – Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist
  • 1944 – Everaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1944 – Freddy Thielemans, mayor of Brussels
  • 1945 – Franz Beckenbauer, German footballer
  • 1945 – Leo Kottke, American acoustic guitarist
  • 1945 – Felton Perry, American actor
  • 1948 – John Martyn, English musician
  • 1949 – Bill Whittington, race car driver
  • 1950 – Bruce Doull, Australian rules footballer
  • 1950 – Amy Madigan, American actress
  • 1950 – Barry Sheene, British motorcyclist (d. 2003)
  • 1951 – Richard D. Gill, British-Dutch mathematician
  • 1951 – Hugo Porta, Argentine rugby player
  • 1953 – Tommy Shaw, American musician and singer Styx
  • 1953 – Jani Allan, South African journalist and media personality
  • 1956 – Tony Gilroy, American screenwriter and director
  • 1957 – Brad Bird, American director and animator
  • 1957 – Jeff Sluman, American professional golfer
  • 1958 – Scott Patterson, American actor
  • 1958 – Roxann Dawson, American actress
  • 1960 – Anne Ramsay, American actress
  • 1961 – Virginia Madsen, American actress
  • 1961 – Philip Ardagh, British writer
  • 1962 – Elizabeth Daily, American actress
  • 1962 – Filip Dewinter Belgian politician
  • 1962 – Kristy McNichol, American actress
  • 1962 – Julio Salinas, Spanish footballer
  • 1963 – Dr. Patrick McWilliams, Irish author
  • 1963 – Colin Wells, English actor
  • 1964 – Ellis Burks, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Victor Wooten, American musician
  • 1965 – Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria
  • 1965 – Paul Heyman, American wrestling manager
  • 1965 – Moby, American musician
  • 1965 – David Roe, English snooker player
  • 1966 – Princess Akishino, Japanese Imperial Family
  • 1967 – Maria Bartiromo, financial broadcast journalist
  • 1967 – Harry Connick, Jr., American singer
  • 1967 – Tony David, Australian darts player
  • 1968 – Kay Hanley, American musician
  • 1968 – Paul Mayeda Berges, American film writer and director
  • 1969 – Eduardo Perez, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Gidget Gein, American musician
  • 1970 – Chris Garver, tattoo artist
  • 1970 – Taraji P. Henson, American actress and singer
  • 1970 – William Joppy, American boxer
  • 1970 – Ted Leo, American musician
  • 1970 – Laura Wright, American actress
  • 1971 – Richard Ashcroft, British singer
  • 1971 – Markos Moulitsas, American blogger and author
  • 1971 – Johnny Vegas, English comedian
  • 1971 – Shelton Quarles, American football player
  • 1975 – Juan Cobián, former Argentine footballer
  • 1975 – Pierre Issa, South African footballer
  • 1975 – Mark Klepaski, American musician
  • 1976 – Elephant Man, Jamaican musician
  • 1976 – Tomáš Enge, Czech racing driver
  • 1976 – Flora Redoumi, Greek hurdler
  • 1977 – Ludacris, American rapper
  • 1977 – Matthew Stevens, Welsh snooker player
  • 1977 – Jon Buckland, British guitarist (Coldplay)
  • 1978 – Ed Reed, American football player
  • 1978 – Ben Lee, Australian musician and singer
  • 1978 – Dejan Stankovic, Serbian footballer
  • 1979 – Nathan Gale, American murderer (d. 2004)
  • 1979 – Ariana Richards, American actress
  • 1979 – Frank Francisco, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1979 – Steve Hofstetter, comedian & radio personality
  • 1979 – David Pizarro, Chilean footballer
  • 1980 – Mike Comrie, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Antônio Pizzonia, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1981 – Andrea Dossena, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Dylan Klebold, Columbine High School Massacre co-perpetrator (d. 1999)
  • 1982 – Shriya Saran, South Indian actress
  • 1983 – Ike Diogu, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Jacoby Ellsbury, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Shaun Livingston, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Zack Stortini, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Chiliboy Ralepelle, South African rugby player
  • 1986 – Dwayne Jarrett, Wide Receiver for the Carolina Panthers.
  • 1987 – Tyler Hoechlin, American actor

September 11 – Deaths:

  • 1161 – Queen Melisende of Jerusalem (b. 1105)
  • 1185 – Stephanus Hagiochristophorites, Byzantine courtier
  • 1279 – Robert Kilwardby, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. c. 1215)
  • 1298 – Philip of Artois, French soldier (b. 1269)
  • 1349 – Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (b. 1315)
  • 1599 – Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for planned fratricide (b. 1577)
  • 1677 – James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)
  • 1680 – Roger Crab, English Puritan political writer (b. 1621)
  • 1680 – Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (b. 1596)
  • 1721 – Rudolf Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (b. 1665)
  • 1733 – François Couperin, French composer (b. 1668)
  • 1760 – Louis Godin, French astronomer (b. 1704)
  • 1822 – Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Zólkowski, Polish actor (b. 1777)
  • 1823 – David Ricardo, economist (b. 1772)
  • 1843 – Joseph Nicollet, mathematician and explorer (b. 1786)
  • 1851 – Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist (b. 1794)
  • 1865 – Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (b. 1806)
  • 1888 – Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, President of Argentina (b. 1811)
  • 1896 – Francis James Child, American ballad collector (b. 1825)
  • 1911 – Louis Henri Boussenard, French novelist (b. 1847)
  • 1915 – William Sprague IV, America politician (b. 1830)
  • 1915 – William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (b. 1843)
  • 1917 – Georges Guynemer, French aviator (b. 1894)
  • 1921 – Subramanya Bharathy, Tamil poet (b. 1882)
  • 1926 – Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor (b. 1875)
  • 1931 – Salvatore Maranzano, American crime boss (b. 1868)
  • 1932 – Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish pilots (Zwirko b. 1895 Wigura b. 1901)
  • 1939 – Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (b. 1861)
  • 1941 – Christian Rakovsky, Bulgarian-born socialist revolutionary (b. 1873)
  • 1948 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan (b. 1876)
  • 1950 – Jan Smuts, South African soldier and statesman (b. 1870)
  • 1956 – Billy Bishop, Canadian pilot in World War I (b. 1894)
  • 1958 – Robert W. Service, Scottish-born Canadian poet (b. 1874)
  • 1958 – Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician (b. 1889)
  • 1965 – Ralph C. Smedley, Founder of Toastmasters International (b. 1878)
  • 1966 – C. E. Woolman, American airline magnate (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – Tadeusz Zylinski, Polish technician and textilist (b. 1904)
  • 1968 – René Cogny, French General (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev, Soviet politician and leader (b. 1894)
  • 1971 – Bella Darvi, Polish-born French actress (b. 1928)
  • 1972 – Max Fleischer, American animator (b. 1883)
  • 1973 – Salvador Allende, President of Chile (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
  • 1978 – Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (b. 1929)
  • 1978 – Janet Parker, medical photographer (b. c. 1938)
  • 1978 – Ronnie Peterson, Swedish F1 driver (b. 1944)
  • 1984 – Jerry Voorhis, American politician (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – William Alwyn, English composer (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Andrew C. Thornton II, American drug smuggler (b. 1945)
  • 1987 – Lorne Greene, Canadian actor (b. 1915)
  • 1987 – Peter Tosh, Jamaican musician and singer (b. 1944)
  • 1988 – John Sylvester White, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1990 – Myrna Mack, Guatemalan anthropologist (b. 1949)
  • 1991 – Ernst Herbeck, German Poet (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian conductor (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Antoine Izméry, Haitian pro-democracy activist (b. unknown)
  • 1994 – Jessica Tandy, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – William Obanhein, police officer, mentioned in “Alice’s Restaurant” (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Anita Harding, neurologist (b. 1952)
  • 1997 – Camille Henry, National Hockey League player (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Dane Clark, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Gonzalo Rodriguez, Uruguayan auto racing driver (b. 1972)
  • 2001 – Alice Stewart Trillin, American author (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Kim Hunter, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Johnny Unitas, American football player (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Anna Lindh, Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1957)
  • 2003 – John Ritter, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (b. 1949)
  • 2004 – Fred Ebb, American lyricist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – David Mann, U.S. artist (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Chris Schenkel, American sportscaster (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – William Auld, Scottish poet, writer and supporter of Esperanto (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Pat Corley, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Joachim Fest, German journalist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Johannes Bob van Benthem, Dutch lawyer (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Ian Porterfield, Manager of Armenia National Football Club (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Gene Savoy, American author and cleric (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Joe Zawinul, Austrian musician (b. 1932)

September 11 – Holidays:

  • Beheading of John the Baptist in the Eastern Orthodox tradition (Julian Calendar).
  • Feast of Neyrouz, the New Year’s Day in the Coptic calendar.
  • New Year’s Day in the Ethiopian calendar (Enkutatash).
  • Catalonia – National Day.
  • Latin America Teacher’s Day, after the death of Argentine Domingo F. Sarmiento.
  • Death anniversary of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan.
  • Patriot Day (USA) – Anniversary of the September 11 attacks.
  • National Day of Catalonia, remembering those Catalan patriots who died in the Siege of Barcelona, in defense of the city, against the Franco-Spanish army.

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On This Day in History September 10

September 10 – Events:

  • 506 – The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
  • 1419 – John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy is assassinated by adherents of the Dauphin, the future Charles VII of France.
  • 1608 – John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, Virginia.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale volunteers to spy.
  • 1798 – At the Battle of St. George’s Caye, British Honduras defeats Spain.
  • 1813 – The U.S. defeats the British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.
  • 1823 – Simón Bolívar is named President of Peru.
  • 1846 – Elias Howe gets a patent for the sewing machine.
  • 1858 – George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.
  • 1897 – Lattimer Massacre – a sheriff’s posse kills twenty unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 1898 – Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.
  • 1919 – Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
  • 1927 – France had its first Davis Cup win, though it had competed since 1905.
  • 1932 – The New York City Subway’s third competing subway system, the municipally-owned IND, is opened.
  • 1939 – World War II: The submarine HMAS Oxley is mistakenly sunk by the submarine HMS Triton near Norway and becomes the Royal Navy’s first loss.
  • 1939 – Canada declares war on Nazi Germany, joining France, the UK, New Zealand and Australia in the Allies.
  • 1942 – World War II: The British carry out an amphibious landing on Madagascar to re-launch Allied offensive operations in the Madagascar Campaign.
  • 1943 – World War II: German forces begin their occupation of Rome.
  • 1951 – United Kingdom began an economic boycott of Iran.
  • 1961 – Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators hit by his Ferrari.
  • 1963 – 20 African-American students enter public schools in Alabama.
  • 1967 – The people of Gibraltar vote to remain a British dependency rather than becoming part of Spain.
  • 1972 – The United States loses its first international basketball game in a disputed match against the Soviet Union at Munich, Germany.
  • 1974 – Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal.
  • 1976 – A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex-Adria DC-9 collide near Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 176.
  • 1977 – Last execution by Guillotine in France. Hamida Djandoubi, convicted for torture and murder.
  • 1990 – The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire – the largest church in Africa is consecrated by Pope John Paul II.
  • 2002 – Switzerland, noted as a neutral country, joins the United Nations.
  • 2007 – Former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif returns to Pakistan after seven years in exile, following a military coup in October 1999.
  • 2007 – The Premier of the Australian state of Queensland, Peter Beattie, announced he would resign from the top job on September 13.

September 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1169 – Alexius II Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1183)
  • 1487 – Pope Julius III (d. 1555)
  • 1550 – Alonso de Guzmán El Bueno, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, commander of the Spanish Armada (d. 1615)
  • 1561 – Hernando Arias de Saavedra, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1634)
  • 1588 – Nicholas Lanier, English composer (d. 1666)
  • 1624 – Thomas Sydenham, English physician (d. 1689)
  • 1638 – Maria Theresa of Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France (d. 1683)
  • 1659 – Henry Purcell, English composer (d. 1695)
  • 1714 – Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (d. 1774)
  • 1758 – Hannah Webster Foster, American author (d. 1840)
  • 1786 – Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (d. 1854)
  • 1786 – William Mason, American politician (d. 1860)
  • 1788 – Jacques Boucher de Crèvecoeur de Perthes, French archaeologist (d. 1868)
  • 1801 – Marie Laveau, American Voodoo Practitioner (d. 1881)
  • 1836 – Joseph Wheeler, American General (d. 1906)
  • 1839 – Isaac Kauffman Funk, American publisher (d. 1912)
  • 1839 – Charles Peirce, American philosopher (d. 1914)
  • 1844 – Abel Hoadley, Australian confectioner (d. 1918)
  • 1852 – Alice Brown Davis, Seminole chief (d. 1935)
  • 1861 – Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (d. 1941)
  • 1866 – Jeppe Aakjær, Danish writer (d. 1930)
  • 1871 – Charles Collett, GWR Chief mechanical engineer (d. 1952)
  • 1886 – Hilda Doolittle, American poet and novelist (d. 1961)
  • 1890 – Elsa Schiaparelli, French couturiere (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist (d. 1945)
  • 1892 – Arthur Compton, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Kavi Samrat Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Telugu writer (d. 1976).
  • 1896 – Ye Ting, Chinese military leader (d. 1946)
  • 1896 – Adele Astaire, American dancer and entertainer (d. 1981)
  • 1896 – Robert Taschereau, Canadian Governor General and chief justice (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Hilde Hildebrand, German actress (d. 1976)
  • 1898 – Bessie Love, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1898 – Waldo Semon, American inventor (d. 1999)
  • 1904 – Max Shachtman, American Trotskyist politician (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Alva R. Fitch, United States Army Lt. General (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Waldo Wedel, American Archaeologist(d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Robert Wise, American film director (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Edmond O’Brien, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1917 – Miguel Serrano, Chilean author and diplomat
  • 1918 – Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog (d. 1932)
  • 1920 – Fabio Taglioni, Italian motorcycle engineer (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Yma Súmac, Peruvian singer
  • 1924 – Ted Kluszewski, Major League baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1928 – Jean Vanier, Canadian disabilities advocate
  • 1929 – Arnold Palmer, American golfer
  • 1931 – Philip Baker Hall, American actor
  • 1932 – Bo Goldman, American screenwriter
  • 1933 – Yevgeny Khrunov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Charles Kuralt, American journalist (d. 1997)
  • 1934 – Roger Maris, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • 1937 – Jared Diamond, American biologist and author
  • 1938 – Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer
  • 1941 – Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist (d. 2002)
  • 1941 – Christopher Hogwood, English conductor
  • 1941 – Gunpei Yokoi, Japanese inventor and video game designer (d. 1997)
  • 1942 – Danny Hutton, American singer (Three Dog Night)
  • 1943 – Eldridge Coleman (“Superstar” Billy Graham), American professional wrestler
  • 1943 – Daniel Truhitte, American actor
  • 1943 – Neale Donald Walsch, American author
  • 1944 – Sir Thomas Allen, English baritone
  • 1945 – Jose Feliciano, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1946 – Jim Hines, American athlete
  • 1946 – Don Powell, English drummer (Slade)
  • 1946 – Michèle Alliot-Marie, French politician
  • 1948 – Tony Gatlif, Algerian-born director
  • 1948 – Judy Geeson, English actress
  • 1948 – Bob Lanier, American basketball player
  • 1948 – Margaret Trudeau, former wife of Pierre Trudeau
  • 1948 – Zhang Chengzhi, Chinese writer
  • 1949 – Don Muraco, professional wrestler
  • 1949 – Bill O’Reilly, American journalist and commentator
  • 1950 – Joe Perry, American musician (Aerosmith)
  • 1952 – Vic Toews, Canadian politician
  • 1953 – Amy Irving, American actress
  • 1956 – Johnny Hickman, American musician (Cracker)
  • 1957 – Carol Decker, UK singer T’Pau
  • 1957 – Kate Burton, Swiss actress
  • 1958 – Chris Columbus, American film director
  • 1958 – Siobhan Fahey, Irish singer (Bananarama and Shakespear’s Sister)
  • 1959 – Peter Nelson, American actor
  • 1960 – Colin Firth, English actor
  • 1960 – David Lowery, American musician (Cracker)
  • 1963 – Randy Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Bill Stevenson, American music producer and musician
  • 1965 – Robin Goodridge, English rock drummer (Bush)
  • 1966 – Joe Nieuwendyk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Big Daddy Kane, American rapper
  • 1968 – Guy Ritchie, British film director
  • 1969 – Jonathon Schaech, American actor
  • 1970 – Paula Kelley, musician
  • 1972 – Ghada Shouaa, Syrian athlete
  • 1972 – James Duval, American actor
  • 1972 – Bente Skari, Norwegian cross country skier
  • 1973 – Ferdinand Coly, Senegalese footballer
  • 1974 – Ryan Phillippe, American actor
  • 1974 – Mirko Filipovic, Croatian martial artist
  • 1974 – Ben Wallace, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Jonathan Hoenig, American investment advisor
  • 1975 – Sammy Knight, American football player
  • 1976 – Gustavo Kuerten, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1976 – Federico Gasperoni, San Marinese football player
  • 1977 – Danys Báez, Cuban baseball player
  • 1978 – Nish Selvadurai, Australian comedian
  • 1980 – Mikey Way, American bassist (My Chemical Romance)
  • 1980 – Roger Mason, Jr., American basketball player
  • 1981 – Tracy Ip, Miss Hong Kong 2005
  • 1982 – Travis Rice, American snowboarder
  • 1982 – Staffan Kronwall, Swedish hockey player
  • 1982 – Guillermo Israilevich, Argentinian-Israeli footballer
  • 1983 – Fernando Belluschi, Argentinian footballer
  • 1985 – James B Graham, English rugby player
  • 1986 – Ed Minton, musician (Elliot Minor)
  • 1988 – Jordan Staal, Canadian hockey player
  • 1989 – Sanjaya Malakar, American Idol contestant

September 10 – Deaths:

  • 210 BC – Qin Shi Huang, first emperor of China.
  • 918 – Count Baldwin II of Flanders (b. 865)
  • 954 – King Louis IV of France (b. 920)
  • 1167 – Empress Matilda, wife of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1102)
  • 1197 – Henry II of Champagne (b. 1166)
  • 1217 – William de Reviers, 5th Earl of Devon
  • 1308 – Emperor Go-Nijo of Japan (b. 1285)
  • 1419 – John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (assassinated) (b. 1371)
  • 1482 – Federico da Montefeltro, Italian Renaissance condottiero and patron of arts
  • 1519 – John Colet, English churchman and educator
  • 1559 – Anthony Denny, confidant of King Henry VIII of England (b. 1501)
  • 1591 – Richard Grenville, English soldier and explorer (b. 1542)
  • 1604 – William Morgan, Welsh Bible translator (b. 1545)
  • 1607 – Luzzasco Luzzaschi, Italian composer and organist (b. 1545)
  • 1669 – Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England (b. 1609)
  • 1676 – Gerrard Winstanley, English religious reformer (b. 1609)
  • 1680 – Baldassare Ferri, Italian castrato (b. 1610)
  • 1749 – Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1706)
  • 1759 – Ferdinand Konšcak, Croatian explorer (b. 1703)
  • 1797 – Mary Wollstonecraft, English author (b. 1759)
  • 1801 – Jason Fairbanks, American murderer (b. 1780)
  • 1851 – Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American educator (b. 1787)
  • 1867 – Simon Sechter, Austrian composer (b. 1788)
  • 1898 – Elisabeth of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1837)
  • 1905 – Pete Browning, American baseball player (b. 1861)
  • 1915 – Charles Boucher de Boucherville, Premier of Quebec (b. 1822)
  • 1931 – Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
  • 1935 – Huey Long, American politician (b. 1893)
  • 1937 – Sergei Tretyakov, Russian writer (b. 1892)
  • 1948 – King Ferdinand of Bulgaria (b. 1861)
  • 1952 – Youssef Aftimus, Lebanese civil engineer and architect (b. 1866)
  • 1961 – Leo Carrillo, American actor (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Wolfgang von Trips, German racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1965 – Father Divine, American religious leader (b. 1880)
  • 1966 – Emil Gumbel, German mathematician and pacifist (b. 1891)
  • 1971 – Pier Angeli, Italian actress (b. 1932)
  • 1975 – George Paget Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Dalton Trumbo, American writer (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Ronnie Peterson, Swedish Formula One driver (b. 1944)
  • 1979 – Agostinho Neto, Angolan politician (b. 1922)
  • 1983 – Felix Bloch, Swiss-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1983 – John Vorster, Prime Minister of South Africa (b. 1915)
  • 1985 – Jock Stein, Scottish football player and manager (b. 1922)
  • 1991 – Jack Crawford, Australian tennis player (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Charles Denner, French actor (b. 1926)
  • 1996 – Joanne Dru, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1996 – Hans List, Austrian scientist and inventor (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – Jack Adkisson, professional wrestler (b. 1929)
  • 1998 – Carl Forgione, British actor (b. 1944)
  • 1999 – Alfredo Kraus, Spanish tenor (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah, Pakistani journalist and writer. (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – DJ Uncle Al (b.1969)
  • 2004 – Brock Adams, American politician (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown, American guitarist and singer (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Patty Berg, American female golf player (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV of Tonga (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Daniel Wayne Smith, son of Playboy model Anna Nicole Smith (b. 1986)
  • 2007 – Jane Wyman, American actress (b.1917)
  • 2007 – Anita Roddick, British Businesswoman (b.1942)
  • 2007 – Ted Stepien, former owner of the NBA’s Cleveland Cavaliers (b. 1925)

September 10 – Holidays:

  • Gibraltar – National Day.
  • Teacher’s Day in China.

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On This Day in History September 9

September 9 – Events:

  • 1000 – Battle of Svolder, Viking Age.
  • 1379 – Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
  • 1493 – Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
  • 1513 – James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland’s involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.
  • 1543 – Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is officially crowned “Queen of Scots” in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
  • 1739 – Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britains mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1776 – The Continental Congress officially names their new union of sovereign states the United States.
  • 1839 – John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
  • 1850 – California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.
  • 1850 – The Compromise of 1850 strips Texas of a third of its claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas’s pre-annexation debt.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • 1886 – The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized.
  • 1914 – World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
  • 1922 – Greek-Turkish war has ended with Turkish victory over the Greeks.
  • 1923 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People’s Party (CHP).
  • 1924 – Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • 1926 – The U.S. National Broadcasting Company formed.
  • 1942 – World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established.
  • 1945 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan formally surrenders to China.
  • 1947 – First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
  • 1948 – The Republic Day of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
  • 1965 – The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
  • 1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion in damages, becoming the first hurricane to top $1 billion in unadjusted damages.
  • 1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • 1969 – Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collided in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashed near Fairland, Indiana.
  • 1970 – A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and flown to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
  • 1971 – Attica Prison riots.
  • 1991 – Tajikstan gains independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
  • 1994 – Sachin Tendulkar scores his first ODI century against Australia in Sri Lanka.
  • 1999 – Playstation released in U.S.
  • 2001 – Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan.
  • 2004 – 2004 Australian embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.
  • 2007 – Wikipedia’s 2,000,000th article in the English language version.
  • 2007 – The Indy Pro Series race at Chicagoland Speedway records the closest finish in racing history, with Logan Gomez holding off his teammate Alex Lloyd by 0.0005 of a second, or 1.65 inches.

September 9 – Birthdays:

  • 214 – Aurelian, Roman Emperor (d. 275)
  • 384 – Flavius Honorius, Roman Emperor (d. 423)
  • 1349 – Duke Albert III of Austria (d. 1395)
  • 1427 – Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros, English politician (d. 1464)
  • 1466 – Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (d. 1523)
  • 1558 – Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (d. 1602)
  • 1585 – Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu, French statesman (d. 1642)
  • 1629 – Cornelis Tromp, Dutch admiral (d. 1691)
  • 1700 – Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
  • 1711 – Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (d. 1780)
  • 1731 – Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican writer (d. 1787)
  • 1737 – Luigi Galvani, Italian physician and physicist (d. 1798)
  • 1754 – William Bligh, British naval officer (d. 1817)
  • 1755 – Benjamin Bourne, American politician (d. 1808)
  • 1828 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (d. 1910)
  • 1834 – Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (d. 1903)
  • 1853 – Fred Spofforth, Australian cricketer (d. 1926)
  • 1855 – Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil exploration pioneer (d. 1921)
  • 1868 – Mary Hunter Austin, American writer (d. 1934)
  • 1873 – Max Reinhardt, German film director and actor (d. 1943)
  • 1877 – Frank Chance, American baseball player (d. 1924)
  • 1878 – Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
  • 1887 – Alf Landon, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1882 – Clem McCarthy, American sportscaster (d. 1962)
  • 1890 – Harland Sanders, American fast-food entrepreneur (d. 1980)
  • 1892 – Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-born American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1894 – Arthur Freed, American songwriter and film producer (d. 1973)
  • 1894 – Bert Oldfield, Australian cricketer (d. 1976)
  • 1898 – Frankie Frisch, American baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Waite Hoyt, American baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Neil Hamilton, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1900 – James Hilton, English novelist (d. 1954)
  • 1899 – Bruno E. Jacob, Founder of the National Forensics League (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Phyllis Whitney, American writer
  • 1904 – Feroze Khan, Pakistani field hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1905 – Hussain Sha – Indian Saint, Philosopher ,Pithapuram
  • 1908 – Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (d. 1950)
  • 1911 – John Gorton, Australian politician (d. 2002)
  • 1911 – Paul Goodman, American poet and writer (d. 1972)
  • 1919 – Jimmy “the Greek” Snyder, American bookmaker and sports commentator (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Gottfried Dienst, German football referee
  • 1920 – Aldo Parisot, American cellist and teacher
  • 1920 – Robert Wood Johnson III, American philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • 1920 – Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician (d. 1993)
  • 1922 – Hans Georg Dehmelt, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1922 – Manolis Glezos, Greek politician and writer
  • 1922 – Hoyt Curtin, American songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1924 – Jane Greer, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Rik Van Steenbergen, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Cliff Robertson, American actor
  • 1926 – Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
  • 1927 – Elvin Jones, American jazz drummer (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Claude Nougaro, French singer (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Frank Lucas, Drug Lord
  • 1932 – Sylvia Miles, American actress
  • 1935 – Chaim Topol, Israeli actor
  • 1935 – Gopal Baratham, Singaporean author
  • 1939 – Bruce Gray, Puerto Rican actor
  • 1939 – Ron McDole, American football player
  • 1939 – Carlos Ortiz, Puerto Rican boxer
  • 1941 – Otis Redding, American singer and songwriter (d. 1967)
  • 1941 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist
  • 1942 – Inez Foxx, American R&B singer
  • 1943 – Art LaFleur, American actor
  • 1945 – Dee Dee Sharp, American R&B singer
  • 1946 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician (Buffalo Springfield) (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Doug Ingle, Vocalist
  • 1947 – David Rosenboom, American composer
  • 1949 – Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian politician
  • 1949 – Garry Maddox, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Joe Theismann, American football player and commentator
  • 1951 – Alexander Downer, Australian politician
  • 1951 – Tom Wopat, American actor and singer
  • 1952 – Angela Cartwright, actress
  • 1952 – Manuel Göttsching, German musician (Ash Ra Tempel)
  • 1952 – David A. Stewart, English musician (Eurythmics)
  • 1954 – Jeffrey Combs, American actor
  • 1955 – John Kricfalusi, Canadian animator
  • 1957 – Pierre-Laurent Aimard, French pianist
  • 1957 – Gabriele Tredozi, Italian engineer
  • 1959 – Eric Serra, French composer
  • 1960 – Hugh Grant, English actor
  • 1960 – Mario Batali, American chef and restaurateur
  • 1960 – Bob Stoops, American football coach
  • 1965 – Dan Majerle, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Georg Hackl, German luger
  • 1966 – Adam Sandler, American actor and comedian
  • 1967 – Akshay Kumar, Indian Actor
  • 1967 – Anna Malle, American porn star (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Chris Caffery, American guitarist and singer
  • 1968 – Francois Botha, South African boxer
  • 1968 – Jon Drummond, American former sprinter
  • 1968 – Julia Sawalha, English actress
  • 1969 – Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model and actress
  • 1969 – Constance Marie, American actress
  • 1970 – Natalia Streignard, Venezuelan actress
  • 1971 – Henry Thomas, American actor and musician
  • 1972 – James Farmer, American educator and artist
  • 1972 – Mike Hampton, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Natasha Kaplinsky, British newsreader
  • 1972 – Félix Rodríguez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1972 – Goran Višnjic, Croatian actor
  • 1973 – Mark Parry, Welsh guitarist (The Manvils)
  • 1973 – Kazuhisa Ishii, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974 – Shane Crawford, Australian rules footballer
  • 1974 – Mathias Färm, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)
  • 1974 – Vikram Batra, Officer of the Indian Army
  • 1975 – Michael Bublé, Canadian singer and actor
  • 1976 – Chace Ambrose, American actor and writer
  • 1976 – Kristoffer Rygg, Norwegian musician (Ulver, ex-Borknagar)
  • 1976 – Juan A. Baptista, Venezuelan actor
  • 1976 – Aki Riihilahti, Finnish footballer
  • 1977 – Chae Jung-an, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977 – Soulja Slim, American rapper (d. 2003)
  • 1977 – Kyle Snyder, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1978 – Kurt Ainsworth, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1978 – Shane Battier, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Mariano Puerta, Argentine tennis player
  • 1979 – Nikki DeLoach, American actress and singer
  • 1980 – Todd Coffey, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Michelle Williams, American actress
  • 1981 – Julie Gonzalo, Argentinian actress
  • 1982 – Ai Otsuka, Japanese singer and songwriter
  • 1983 – Kyle Davies, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Edwin Jackson, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1983 – Sam Hollenbach, National Football League quarterback
  • 1983 – Cleveland Taylor, International footballer
  • 1984 – Delta Goodrem, Australian singer, actress
  • 1985 – J.R. Smith, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Luka Modric, Croatian footballer
  • 1986 – Justice Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1987 – Alexandre Song, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1990 – Melody Klaver, Dutch actress

September 9 – Deaths:

  • 546 – St. Ciarán of Clonmacnoise, Irish bishop
  • 701 – Pope Sergius I
  • 1000 – Olaf I of Norway
  • 1087 – King William I of England
  • 1398 – King James I of Cyprus (b. 1334)
  • 1487 – Chenghua, Emperor of China (b. 1447)
  • 1488 – Francis II, Duke of Brittany (fell from a horse) (b. 1433)
  • 1513 – King James IV of Scotland (b. 1473)
  • 1569 – Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Flemish painter
  • 1596 – Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
  • 1612 – Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese warlord (b. 1570)
  • 1676 – Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, French army officer and founder of Montreal (b. 1612)
  • 1680 – Henry Marten, English regicide (b. 1602)
  • 1755 – Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian (b. 1694)
  • 1806 – William Paterson, Signer of the U.S. Constitution, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1745)
  • 1815 – John Singleton Copley, American painter (b. 1738)
  • 1841 – A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (b. 1778)
  • 1891 – Jules Grévy, President of France (b. 1813)
  • 1898 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
  • 1901 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (b. 1864)
  • 1907 – Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (b. 1840)
  • 1909 – Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad entrepreneur (b. 1848)
  • 1915 – Albert Spalding, American baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer (b. 1850)
  • 1941 – Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1869)
  • 1960 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1976 – Mao Zedong, Leader of China (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Jack Warner, Canadian-born film studio founder (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – John Howard Griffin, American writer (b. 1920)
  • 1981 – Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Doc Cramer, American baseball player (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Samuel Doe, President of Liberia (b. 1951)
  • 1994 – Patrick O’Neal, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Bill Monroe, American bluegrass singer and composer (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Richie Ashburn, American baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Burgess Meredith, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Bill Cratty, American modern dancer and choreographer (b. 1951)
  • 1999 – Jim “Catfish” Hunter, American baseball player (b. 1946)
  • 1999 – Ruth Roman, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Julian Critchley, British politician (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Ahmed Shah Massoud, Afghani military leader (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Larry Hovis, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-born physicist (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Roland Sherwood “Ernie” Ball, American businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – John Wayne Glover, English serial killer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Gérard Brach, French screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Richard Burmer, American composer, sound designer and electronic musician (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Matt Gadsby, English footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Hughie Thomasson, Noted American musician (b. 1952)

September 9-Holidays

  • Japan – Chrysanthemum Day (Kiku no Sekku).
  • North Korea – Republic Day (1948).
  • Tajikistan – Independence Day (from USSR, 1991).
  • California – Admission Day (to commemorate the state’s admission to the USA).

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On This Day in History September 8

 

September 8 – Events:

  • 70 – Titus, General of Rome, sacks Jerusalem. See also: Destruction of Jerusalem.
  • 1264 – The Statute of Kalisz was issued by the Duke of Greater Poland Boleslaus the Pious. It guaranteed Jews safety and personal liberties such freedom of religion, travel, and trade and gave jurisdiction to Jewish courts over Jewish matters.
  • 1331 – Stefan Dušan declares himself king of Serbia
  • 1380 – Battle of Kulikovo – Russian forces defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols, stopping their advance.
  • 1449 – Battle of Tumu Fortress – Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor.
  • 1504 – Michelangelo’s David is unveiled in Florence.
  • 1514 – Battle of Orsha – In one of the biggest battles of the century, Lithuanians and Poles defeat the Russian army.
  • 1565 – Pedro Menéndez de Avilés settles St. Augustine, Florida.
  • 1565 – The Knights of Malta lift the Turkish siege of Malta (the Siege of Malta started on May 18).
  • 1727 – A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.
  • 1755 – French and Indian War: Battle of Lake George.
  • 1756 – French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.
  • 1793 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Hondschoote.
  • 1796 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Bassano – French forces defeat Austrian troops at Bassano del Grappa.
  • 1810 – The Tonquin sets sail from New York Harbor with 33 employees of John Jacob Astor’s newly created Pacific Fur Company on board. After a six-month journey around the tip of South America, the ship arrived at the mouth of the Columbia River and Astor’s men established fur-trading town of Astoria, Oregon.
  • 1831 – William IV was crowned King of Great Britain.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Sabine Pass – On the Texas-Louisiana border at the mouth of the Sabine River, a small Confederate force thwarts a Union invasion of Texas.
  • 1888 – In London, the body of Jack the Ripper’s second murder victim, Annie Chapman, is found.
  • 1888 – In England the first six Football League matches ever are played.
  • 1900 – Galveston Hurricane of 1900: a powerful hurricane hits Galveston, Texas killing about 8,000 people.
  • 1914 – World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war.
  • 1921 – 16-year-old Margaret Gorman won the Atlantic City Pageant’s Golden Mermaid trophy; pageant officials later dubbed her the first Miss America.
  • 1923 – Honda Point Disaster: Nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.
  • 1926 – Germany was admitted to the League of Nations.
  • 1930 – 3M begins marketing Scotch transparent tape.
  • 1934 – Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner SS Morro Castle kills 135 people.
  • 1935 – US Senator from Louisiana, Huey Long, nicknamed “Kingfish,” is fatally shot in the Louisiana capitol building.
  • 1941 – World War II: Siege of Leningrad begins. German forces begin a siege against the Soviet Union’s second-largest city, Leningrad. Stalin orders the Volga Deutsche deported to Siberia.
  • 1943 – World War II: Julius Fucík is executed by Nazis.
  • 1943 – World War II: The O.B.S. (German General Headquarters for the Mediterranean zone) in Frascati was bombed by USAAF.
  • 1943 – World War II: United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announces the Allied armistice with Italy.
  • 1944 – World War II: London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.
  • 1944 – World War II: Menton is liberated from Germany.
  • 1945 – Cold War: United States troops arrive to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier.
  • 1951 – Treaty of San Francisco: In San Francisco, California, 48 nations sign a peace treaty with Japan in formal recognition of the end of the Pacific War.
  • 1954 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established.
  • 1959 – The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is established.
  • 1960 – In Huntsville, Alabama, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA had already activated the facility on July 1).
  • 1962 – Newly independent, Algeria, by referendum, adopts a Constitution.
  • 1962 – Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways 9F locomotive 92220 ‘Evening Star.’
  • 1966 – The Severn Bridge was officially opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1967 – The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways.
  • 1970 – Hijacking (and subsequent destruction) of three airliners to Jordan by Palestinians; the events to follow would later become known as Black September
  • 1971 – In Washington, DC, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts is inaugurated, with the opening feature being the premiere of Leonard Bernstein’s Mass.
  • 1974 – Watergate Scandal: US President Gerald Ford pardons former President Richard Nixon for any crimes Nixon may have committed while in office.
  • 1975 – Gays in the military: US Air Force Tech Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War, appears in his Air Force uniform on the cover of Time magazine with the headline (printed in all uppercase) “I Am A Homosexual.” He is later given a general discharge.
  • 1986 – American nationally syndicated talk show, The Oprah Winfrey Show is launched.
  • 1991 – Republic of Macedonia becomes independent.
  • 1994 – A USAir Boeing 737 crashes in Hopewell Township, Pennsylvania, near the city of Aliquippa.
  • 1999 – US Attorney General Janet Reno names former US Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film Waco: The Rules of Engagement contradicting the official government stories.
  • 2000 – The Republic of Albania officially joins the World Trade Organization.
  • 2001 – Durban, South Africa hosts the World Conference against Racism.
  • 2004 – The NASA unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open.
  • 2005 – Two EMERCOM Il-76 aircraft land at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock AFB; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America.

September 8 – Birthdays:

  • 801 – Ansgar, German Catholic archbishop (d. 865)
  • 828 – Ali al-Hadi, Shia Imam (d. 868)
  • 1157 – King Richard I of England (d. 1199)
  • 1207 – King Sancho II of Portugal (d. 1248)
  • 1271 – Charles Martel d’Anjou, son of Charles II of Naples (d. 1295)
  • 1380 – Saint Bernardino of Siena, Italian Franciscan missionary (d. 1444)
  • 1474 – Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (d. 1533)
  • 1515 – Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (d. 1585)
  • 1588 – Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (d. 1648)
  • 1611 – Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar (d. 1671)
  • 1621 – Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French general (d. 1686)
  • 1633 – Ferdinand IV of Germany (d. 1654)
  • 1672 – Nicolas de Grigny, French organist and composer (d. 1703)
  • 1749 – Gabrielle de Polastron, comtesse de Polignac, French aristocrat (d. 1793)
  • 1749 – Marie-Louise, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat (d. 1792)
  • 1778 – Clemens Brentano, German poet (d. 1842)
  • 1783 – Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (d. 1872)
  • 1804 – Eduard Mörike, German poet (d. 1875)
  • 1814 – Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian (d. 1874)
  • 1824 – Jaime Nunó, Spanish composer (d. 1908)
  • 1828 – Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, American Civil War soldier (d. 1914)
  • 1830 – Frédéric Mistral, French poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1914)
  • 1841 – Antonín Dvorák, Czech composer (d. 1904)
  • 1841 – Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of James A. Garfield (d. 1882)
  • 1852 – Emperor Gwangmu of Korea (d. 1919)
  • 1857 – Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Alfred Jarry, French absurdist playwright
  • 1873 – David O. McKay, ninth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1970)
  • 1881 – Harry Hillman, American athlete (d. 1945)
  • 1884 – Théodore Pilette, Belgian racing driver (d. 1921)
  • 1886 – Siegfried Sassoon, English poet (d. 1967)
  • 1887 – Prince George of Yugoslavia (d. 1972)
  • 1889 – Robert Alphonso Taft, U.S. Senator from Ohio (d. 1953)
  • 1895 – Sara García, Mexican actress (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Howard Dietz, American lyricist and librettist (d. 1983)
  • 1897 – Jimmie Rodgers, American singer and composer (d. 1933)
  • 1901 – Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa (d. 1966)
  • 1910 – Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Sir Denys Lasdun, English architect (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Frank Cady, American actor
  • 1918 – Derek Harold Richard Barton, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Gianni Brera, (Giovanni Luigi Brera), Italian journalist and writer (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Harry Secombe, Welsh entertainer (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Sid Caesar, American comedian
  • 1922 – Lyndon LaRouche, American politician
  • 1924 – Mimi Parent, Canadian painter (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Marie-Claire Kirkland, Quebec politician
  • 1924 – Grace Metalious, American novelist (d. 1964)
  • 1925 – Peter Sellers, English actor (d. 1980)
  • 1927 – Harlan Howard, American country music songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Christoph von Dohnanyi, German conductor
  • 1929 – Roger Byrne, English footballer (d. 1958
  • 1930 – Nguyen Cao Ky, Premier of South Vietnam
  • 1930 – Mario Adorf, film and stage actor
  • 1930 – Robert W. Firestone, Author, Artist, Clinical Psychologist
  • 1931 – John Garrett, British politician (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Patsy Cline, American singer (d. 1963)
  • 1933 – Asha Bhonsle, Indian singer
  • 1933 – Paul M. Fleiss, American pediatrician; father of Heidi Fleiss
  • 1933 – Michael Frayn, British playwright
  • 1933 – Eric Salzman, American composer
  • 1934 – Rodrigue Biron, Canadian politician
  • 1934 – Peter Maxwell Davies, British composer
  • 1937 – Barbara Frum, Canadian news anchor (d. 1992)
  • 1937 – Virna Lisi, Italian actress
  • 1937 – Sam Nunn, American politician
  • 1938 – Kenichi Horie, Japanese adventurer
  • 1939 – Carsten Keller, German field hockey player
  • 1939 – Guitar Shorty, American blues guitarist
  • 1941 – Bernie Sanders, American politician
  • 1942 – Brian Cole, American bass guitar player (The Association) (d. 1972)
  • 1943 – Adelaide C. Eckardt, American politician
  • 1944 – Terry Jenner, Australian cricketer
  • 1945 – Ron Pigpen McKernan, American musician (Grateful Dead) (d. 1973)
  • 1945 – Rogie Vachon, Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1946 – L.C. Greenwood, American football player
  • 1947 – Ann Beattie, American writer
  • 1947 – Valery Afanassiev, Russian pianist
  • 1947 – Benjamin Orr, American bassist (The Cars) (d. 2000)
  • 1950 – Zachary Richard, Louisiana singer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Mike Simpson, American politician
  • 1951 – Nikos Karvelas, Greek composer
  • 1954 – Mark Foley, American politician
  • 1956 – Frank Tovey, British musician (d. 2002)
  • 1956 – Maurice Cheeks, American basketball player and head coach
  • 1957 – Heather Thomas, American actress
  • 1958 – Michael Lardie, American guitarist/keyboardist
  • 1958 – Mitsuru Miyamoto, Japanese voice actor
  • 1959 – Daler Nazarov, Tajik composer and actor
  • 1960 – Aimee Mann, American musician
  • 1960 – Stefano Casiraghi, Italian businessman; husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco (d. 1990)
  • 1960 – Aguri Suzuki, Japanese racing driver and Formula One team owner
  • 1961 – Paul Zanetti, Australian political cartoonist
  • 1962 – Sergio Casal, Spanish tennis player
  • 1962 – Christopher Klim, American novelist
  • 1962 – Thomas Kretschmann, German actor
  • 1963 – Li Ning, Chinese gymnast
  • 1963 – Brad Silberling, American television and film director
  • 1963 – Hitoshi Matsumoto, Japanese comedian
  • 1964 – Michael Johns, American business executive
  • 1964 – Scott Levy, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Joachim Nielsen, Norwegian musician (d. 2000)
  • 1966 – Carola, Swedish singer
  • 1966 – Peter Furler, Christian musician (Newsboys)
  • 1967 – Kimberly Peirce, American film director
  • 1969 – Gary Speed, Welsh footballer
  • 1969 – Oswaldo Ibarra, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1969 – Lars Bohinen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1970 – Neko Case, American musician
  • 1970 – Latrell Sprewell, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Yuji Nishizawa, Japanese hijacker
  • 1971 – Brooke Burke, American model
  • 1971 – Daniel Petrov, Bulgarian boxer
  • 1971 – David Arquette, American actor
  • 1971 – Martin Freeman, English actor
  • 1971 – Pierre Sévigny, French-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Markus Babbel, German footballer
  • 1972 – Os du Randt, South African rugby player
  • 1972 – Lisa Kennedy, American television personality
  • 1972 – Tomokazu Seki, Japanese voice actor
  • 1972 – Phil Laak, Ireland-born professional poker player
  • 1973 – Khamis Al-Owairan, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1974 – Braulio Luna, Mexican footballer
  • 1974 – Tanaz Eshaghian, Iranian-born American documentarian
  • 1975 – Richard Hughes, English musician (Keane)
  • 1975 – Elena Likhovtseva, Russian tennis player
  • 1975 – Larenz Tate, American Actor
  • 1975 – Lee Eul-Yong, South Korean footballer
  • 1976 – Sjeng Schalken, Dutch former tennis player
  • 1976 – Gerald Drummond, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1976 – Jervis Drummond, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1976 – Sarah Kucserka, American screenwriter
  • 1977 – Jay McKee, Canadian hockey player
  • 1978 – Gerard Autet, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Gil Meche, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Pink, American singer
  • 1980 – Teruyuki Moniwa, Japanese footballer
  • 1981 – Morten Gamst Pedersen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1981 – Jonathan Taylor Thomas, American actor
  • 1983 – Wali Lundy, American football player
  • 1983 – Diego Benaglio, Swiss-Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Will Blalock, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Chris Judd, Australian football player
  • 1983 – Lewis Roberts-Thompson, Australian football player
  • 1984 – Vitaly Petrov, Russian racing driver
  • 1984 – Peter Whittingham, English footballer
  • 1985 – Yendi Phillips, Jamaican beauty pageant contestant
  • 1986 – João Moutinho, Sporting Lisbon midfielder
  • 1988 – Caitlin Hill, Australian internet personality
  • 1990 – Matt Barkley, American football player
  • 1996 – Krystal Reyes, Filipina actress
  • 1997 – Kimberlea Berg, English actress

September 8 – Deaths:

  • 701 – Pope Sergius I
  • 780 – Leo IV, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1397 – Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester.
  • 1425 – King Charles III of Navarre (b. 1361)
  • 1539 – John Stokesley, English churchman
  • 1560 – Amy Robsart, English noblewoman (b. 1534)
  • 1603 – George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon, English politician (b. 1547)
  • 1613 – Carlo Gesualdo, Italian composer (b. 1566)
  • 1637 – Robert Fludd, English mystic (b. 1574)
  • 1645 – John Coke, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1644 – Francis Quarles, English poet (b. 1592)
  • 1645 – Francisco de Quevedo, Spanish writer (b. 1580)
  • 1656 – Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (b. 1574)
  • 1675 – Amalia of Solms-Braunfels, countess of Solms-Braunfels (b. 1602)
  • 1682 – Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer (b. 1606)
  • 1721 – Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1686)
  • 1739 – Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (b. 1668)
  • 1755 – Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (b. 1715)
  • 1761 – Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French engineer (b. 1698)
  • 1780 – Enoch Poor, American Continental Army general (b. 1736)
  • 1784 – Ann Lee, American religious leader (b. 1736)
  • 1811 – Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist (b. 1741)
  • 1853 – Frédéric Ozanam, founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul (b. 1813)
  • 1882 – Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (b. 1809)
  • 1888 – Annie Chapman, widely believed to be the second victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1841)
  • 1894 – Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician (b. 1821)
  • 1933 – King Faysal I of Iraq (b. 1883)
  • 1943 – Julius Fucik, Czech journalist (executed) (b. 1903)
  • 1948 – Thomas Mofolo, Lesotho writer (b. 1876)
  • 1949 – Richard Strauss, German composer (b. 1864)
  • 1965 – Dorothy Dandridge, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1965 – Hermann Staudinger, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1969 – Bud Collyer, American television game show host (b. 1908)
  • 1969 – Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (b. 1868)
  • 1977 – Zero Mostel, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1979 – Jean Seberg, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1980 – Willard Libby, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1981 – Roy Wilkins, American civil rights activist (b. 1901)
  • 1981 – Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1983 – Antonin Magne, French cyclist (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)
  • 1991 – Alex North, American composer (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Moondog, American composer, musician and poet (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Laurie Williams, West Indian cricketer (b. 1968)
  • 2003 – Jaclyn Linetsky, Canadian voice actress (b. 1986)
  • 2003 – Leni Riefenstahl, German film director (b. 1902)
  • 2004 – Frank Thomas, American animator (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Noel Cantwell, Irish cricketer and footballer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Hilda Bernstein, English-born South African author, artist, and activist (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Peter Brock, Australian racecar driver and TV personality (rally accident) (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Frank Middlemass, actor (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Erk Russell, American football coach (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (b. 1917)

September 8 – Holidays:

  • 1551 – The foundation day in Vitória, Brazil
  • Andorra – National day: Mare de Deu de Meritxell.
  • Pakistan – Defence Day (Pak-Naval Day)
  • Republic of Macedonia – Independence day (from Yugoslavia, 1991).
  • Malta – Feast of Our Lady of Victories (il-Vittorja); anniversary of the 1565 victory of the Knights of Malta over the Ottoman Empire; anniversary of the 1943 surrender of Italy to the Allied forces, marking the end of World War II hostilities on Malta.
  • Fiestas de Santa Fe in New Mexico, USA.
  • International Literacy Day
  • Rhodri Day in Jersey, Channel Islands

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On This Day in History September 7

September 7 – Events:

  • 1251 BC – A solar eclipse on this date marks the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes, Greece.
  • 70 – A Roman army under General Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem.
  • 1191 – Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf – Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.
  • 1776 – World’s first submarine attack: the American submersible craft Turtle attempts to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe’s flagship HMS Eagle in New York Harbor.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino – Napoleon defeats the Russian army of Alexander I near the village of Borodino.
  • 1818 – Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
  • 1821 – The Republic of Gran Colombia (a federation covering much of present day Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and Ecuador) was established, with Simón Bolívar as the founding President and Francisco de Paula Santander as vice president.
  • 1822 – Dom Pedro I declares Brazil independent from Portugal on the shores of the Ipiranga river in São Paulo.
  • 1860 – Steamship Lady Elgin sinks on Lake Michigan, with the loss of around 400 lives.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Atlanta, Georgia, is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman.
  • 1876 – In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang attempt to rob the town’s bank but are surrounded by an angry mob and are nearly killed.
  • 1893 – The Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club, to become the first Italian football club, is established by British expats.
  • 1901 – The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
  • 1906 – Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
  • 1907 – Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 1909 – Eugene Lefebvre (1878-1909), while test piloting a new French-built Wright biplane, crashes at Juvisy France when his controls jam. Lefebvre dies, becoming the first ‘pilot’ in the world to lose his life in a poweredheavier-than-air-craft.
  • 1911 – French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum.
  • 1915 – Former cartoonist Johnny Gruelle is given a patent for his Raggedy Ann doll.
  • 1921 – In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, is held.
  • 1922 – In Aydin, Turkey, independence of Aydin, from Greek occupation.
  • 1927 – The University of Minas Gerais is founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, by Governor Antônio Carlos.
  • 1927 – The first fully electronic television system is achieved by Philo Taylor Farnsworth.
  • 1929 – Steamer Kuru capsizes and sinks on Lake Näsijärvi near Tampere in Finland. 136 lives were lost.
  • 1936 – The last surviving member of the thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Blitz – Nazi Germany begins to rain bombs on London. This will be the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing.
  • 1940 – Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: 8,700 Jews of Kolomyia (western Ukraine) sent by German Gestapo to death camp in Belzec.
  • 1942 – First flight of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator.
  • 1943 – A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas, kills 55 people.
  • 1943 – World War II: The German 17th Army begins its evacuation of the Kuban River (Taman Peninsula) bridgehead in southern Russia and moves across the Strait of Kerch to the Crimea. The move signals the beginning of full retreat of German forces along the Eastern Front.
  • 1945 – Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December of 1941, surrender to U.S. Marines.
  • 1953 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes head of the Soviet Central Committee.
  • 1963 – The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
  • 1965 – China announces that it will reinforce its troops in the Indian border.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August’s Operation Starlight, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Pirahna on the Batangan Peninsula.
  • 1970 – An anti-war rally is held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, attended by John Kerry, Jane Fonda and Donald Sutherland.
  • 1970 – Fighting between Arabic guerillas and government forces in Amman, Jordan.
  • 1970 – Bill Shoemaker sets record for most lifetime wins as a jockey (passing Johnny Longden).
  • 1977 – The Torrijos-Carter Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The US agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
  • 1978 – While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from in a specially-designed umbrella.
  • 1979 – The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network (ESPN) makes its debut.
  • 1979 – The Chrysler Corporation asks the United States government for $1 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
  • 1986 – Desmond Tutu becomes the first black man to lead the Anglican Church in South Africa.
  • 1986 – Gen. Augusto Pinochet, president of Chile, escapes attempted assassination.
  • 1988 – Abdul Ahad Mohmand, the first Afghan in space, returns aboard the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz TM-5 after 9 days on the Mir space station.
  • 1996 – American rapper Tupac Shakur is fatally shot in a drive by.
  • 1997 – The first test flight of the F-22 Raptor takes place.
  • 1998 – Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University
  • 1999 – A 5.9 magnitude earthquake rocks Athens, rupturing a previously unknown fault, killing 143, injuring more than 500, and leaving 50,000 people homeless.
  • 2004 – Hurricane Ivan, a Category 5 hurricane hitting Grenada, killing 39 and damaging 90% of its buildings.
  • 2005 – First presidential election was held in Egypt.

September 7 – Birthdays:

  • 786 – Emperor Saga, 52 Emperor of Japan (d. 842)
  • 1438 – Louis II, Landgrave of Hesse (d. 1471)
  • 1524 – Thomas Erastus, Swiss theologian (d. 1583)
  • 1533 – Queen Elizabeth I of England (d. 1603)
  • 1674 – Ernest Augustus (d. 1728)
  • 1683 – Mary Anne of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal (d. 1754)
  • 1694 – Johan Ludvig, Danish policitian (d. 1763)
  • 1705 – Matthäus Günther, German painter (d. 1788)
  • 1707 – Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, French naturalist, biologist and author (d. 1788)
  • 1726 – François-André Danican Philidor, French chess player and composer (d. 1795)
  • 1740 – Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor (d. 1814)
  • 1777 – Heinrich Stölzel, German musician and composer (d. 1844)
  • 1810 – Hermann Heinrich Gossen, Prussian economist (d. 1858)
  • 1815 – John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer (d. 1866)
  • 1817 – Louise of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark (d. 1898)
  • 1818 – Thomas Talbot, 31 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1819 – Thomas A. Hendricks, 21 Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
  • 1829 – Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German organic chemist (d. 1896)
  • 1831 – Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter (d. 1900)
  • 1836 – August Toepler, German physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1842 – Johannes Zukertort, German chess master (d. 1888)
  • 1851 – Edward Ashael Birge, American pioneer in limnology (d. 1950)
  • 1855 – William Friese-Greene, British photographer (d. 1921)
  • 1860 – Grandma Moses, American painter (d. 1961)
  • 1866 – Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Albert Bassermann, German actor (d. 1952)
  • 1870 – Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian writer, pilot, explorer and adventurer (d. 1938)
  • 1870 – Thomas Curtis, American athlete (d. 1944)
  • 1877 – Mike O’Neill, baseball player (d. 1959)
  • 1887 – Edith Sitwell, British poet and critic (d. 1964)
  • 1908 – Paul Brown, American football coach and executive (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Michael DeBakey, American pioneer cardiovascular surgeon
  • 1909 – Elia Kazan, Greek-born American film and theater director (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian Communist leader during the Cold War (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – David Packard, American electrical engineer and businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Anthony Quayle, British actor and director (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Graeme Bell, Australian pianist and composer.
  • 1914 – James Van Allen, American space scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – John Cornforth, Australian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1919 – Alberic Schotte, Belgian cyclist (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Al Caiola, American guitarist
  • 1921 – Josep Lluís Núñez, Spanish President of FC Barcelona (1978 – 2000)
  • 1922 – Lucien Jarraud, Canadian radio host (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Peter Lawford, British-born American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1925 – Allan Blakeney, Canadian politician
  • 1926 – Erich Juskowiak, German footballer (d. 1983)
  • 1927 – Claire L’Heureux-Dubé, French Canadian judge
  • 1927 – Eric Hill, British children’s Author
  • 1930 – Sonny Rollins, American jazz saxophonist
  • 1930 – Baudouin I, King of the Belgians (d. 1993)
  • 1934 – Little Milton, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Omar Karami, Prime Minister of Lebanon
  • 1934 – Mary Bauermeister, German artist
  • 1936 – Buddy Holly, American singer (The Crickets) (d. 1959)
  • 1936 – Apostolos Kaklamanis, Greek politician
  • 1937 – John Phillip Law, American actor
  • 1937 – Cüneyt Arkin, Turkish film actor
  • 1937 – Oleg Lobov, Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1940 – Dario Argento, Italian film director
  • 1942 – Alan Oakes, British Footballer
  • 1943 – Lena Valaitis, Lithuanian-German Schlager singer
  • 1943 – Beverley McLachlin, Chief Justice of Canada
  • 1944 – Bertel Haarder, Danish politician
  • 1945 – Jacques Lemaire, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1946 – Willie Crawford, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1949 – Gloria Gaynor, American singer
  • 1949 – Barry Siegel, American journalist
  • 1950 – Julie Kavner, American actress
  • 1951 – Morris Albert, Brazilian singer
  • 1951 – Chrissie Hynde, American guitarist and singer (The Pretenders)
  • 1951 – Mark Isham, American composer
  • 1952 – Susan Blakely, American actress
  • 1952 – Ricardo Tormo, Spanish motocyclist (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Benmont Tench, American keyboardist
  • 1954 – Corbin Bernsen, American actor
  • 1954 – Michael Emerson, American actor
  • 1955 – Efim Zelmanov, Russian mathematician
  • 1955 – Mira Furlan, Croatian actress
  • 1956 – Byron Stevenson, British footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1956 – Diane Warren, American song writer
  • 1957 – Jermaine Stewart, American pop singer (Shalamar and Culture Club) (d. 1997)
  • 1961 – LeRoi Moore, American Saxophonist(Dave Matthews Band)
  • 1961 – Jean-Yves Thibaudet, French Pianist
  • 1962 – Jennifer Egan, American novelist
  • 1963 – Eazy-E, American rapper (N.W.A.) (d. 1995)
  • 1965 – Andreas Thom, German footballer
  • 1965 – Uta Pippig, German athlete
  • 1965 – Darko Pancev, Macedonian footballer
  • 1965 – Angela Gheorghiu, Romanian opera singer
  • 1967 – Toby Jones, British actor
  • 1969 – Darren Bragg, baseball player
  • 1969 – Diane Farr, American actress (Numb3rs)
  • 1969 – Little Jimmy Urine, American singer (Mindless Self Indulgence)
  • 1969 – Rudy Galindo, American skater figure
  • 1970 – Tom Everett Scott, American actor
  • 1972 – Jason Isringhausen, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Slug, American rapper (Atmosphere)
  • 1973 – Shannon Elizabeth, American actress
  • 1974 – Mario Frick, Liechtensteiner footballer
  • 1975 – Harold Wallace, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1975 – Norifumi Abe, Japanese motorcycle road racer
  • 1976 – Oliver Hudson, American actor
  • 1977 – Nora Greenwald, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Gianluca Grava, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Jon Macken, British Footballer
  • 1978 – Devon Sawa, Canadian actor
  • 1978 – Erwin Koen, Dutch footballer
  • 1979 – Pavol Hochschorner and Peter Hochschorner – Slovak slalom canoers
  • 1979 – Brian Stokes, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Mark Prior, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Gabriel Milito, Argentine footballer
  • 1980 – Javad Nekounam, Iranian footballer
  • 1980 – Sara Carrigan, Australian cyclist
  • 1981 – Paul McCoy, American musician (lead singer of 12 Stones)
  • 1981 – Gökhan Zan, Turkish footballer
  • 1982 – Andre Dirrell, American boxer
  • 1983 – Pops Mensah-Bonsu, basketball player for the Dallas Mavericks
  • 1983 – Annette Dytrt, German skater figure
  • 1983 – Philip Deignan, Irish cyclist
  • 1983 – Mehmet Topuz, Turkisher footballer
  • 1984 – Vera Zvonareva, Russian tennis player
  • 1985 – Márcio Rafael Ferreira de Souza, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 – Colin Delaney, American Professional Wrestler
  • 1987 – Evan Rachel Wood, American actress
  • 1987 – Aleksandra Wozniak, Canadian tennis player
  • 1988 – Kevin Love, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Tanja Kolbe, German ice dancer

September 7 – Deaths:

  • 355 – Claudius Silvanus, Roman usurper
  • 1151 – Geoffrey of Anjou (b. 1113)
  • 1312 – King Ferdinand IV of Castile (b. 1285)
  • 1496 – King Ferdinand II of Naples (b. 1469)
  • 1548 – Catherine Parr, final wife of Henry VIII of England (born c. 1512)
  • 1552 – Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh Guru (b. 1504)
  • 1559 – Robert Estienne, French printer (b. 1503)
  • 1632 – Emperor Susenyos of Ethiopia
  • 1644 – Guido Bentivoglio, Italian statesman (b. 1579)
  • 1654 – Yom-Tov Lipmann Heller, Bohemian rabbi (b. 1579)
  • 1655 – François Tristan l’Hermite, French dramatist (b. 1601)
  • 1657 – Arvid Wittenberg, Swedish count, field marshal and privy councilor (b. 1606)
  • 1719 – John Harris, English writer
  • 1729 – William Burnet, British-born American statesman (b. 1688)
  • 1708 – Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia
  • 1799 – Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist (b. 1717)
  • 1809 – Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (b. 1737)
  • 1840 – Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, French marshal (b. 1765)
  • 1881 – Sidney Lanier, American writer (b. 1842)
  • 1891 – Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California (b. 1820)
  • 1892 – John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet (b. 1807)
  • 1920 – Simon-Napoléon Parent, politician, premier of the province of Quebec (b. 1855)
  • 1921 – Alfred William Rich, watercolor painter (b. 1856)
  • 1939 – Kyoka Izumi, Japanese novelist (b. 1873)
  • 1943 – J. P. Morgan, Jr., American financier (b. 1867)
  • 1949 – José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter (b. 1883)
  • 1951 – Maria Montez, Dominican actress (b. 1912)
  • 1954 – Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (b. 1885)
  • 1955 – Ham Fisher, American cartoonist (b. 1900)
  • 1959 – Maurice Duplessis, Québec Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • 1962 – Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (b. 1892)
  • 1962 – Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian singer (b. 1895)
  • 1962 – Isak Dinesen, Danish author (b. 1885)
  • 1965 – Catherine Dale Owen, American actress (b. 1900)
  • 1971 – Spring Byington, American actress (b. 1886)
  • 1978 – Keith Moon, English drummer (The Who) (b. 1946)
  • 1982 – Ken Boyer, American baseball player (b. 1931)
  • 1984 – Joe Cronin, American baseball manager and executive (b. 1906)
  • 1986 – Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (b. 1914)
  • 1990 – Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (b. 1900)
  • 1991 – Edwin McMillan, American physicist (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – James Clavell, Australian-born American author (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Dennis Morgan, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Godfrey Quigley, British actor (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Terence Young, British film director (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – Joseph F. Biroc, American cinematographer (b. 1903)
  • 1997 – Mobutu Sese Seko, dictator of Zaire (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Jim Keith, American conspiracy theorist (b. 1949)
  • 2001 – Spede Pasanen, Finnish television personality (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Billie Lou Watt, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – Katrin Cartlidge, British actress (b. 1961)
  • 2002 – Erma Franklin, American singer (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Uziel Gal, Israeli firearm designer (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – The Great Antonio, Canadian eccentric (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Warren Zevon, American musician (b. 1947)
  • 2004 – Bob Boyd, American baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Sergio Endrigo, Italian singer (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Hope Garber, Canadian actress (b. ca. 1924)
  • 2006 – Robert Earl Jones, American actor, father of James Earl Jones (b. 1910)

September 7 – Holidays:

  • Brazil – Independence day (from Portugal, 1822).
  • Aydin Turkey – Independence day 1922
  • Pakistan – Defence Day (Pak-Air-Force Day) Since 1971
  • Mozambique – Victory Day

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On This Day in History September 6

September 6 – Events:

  • 3114 BC – According to the proleptic Julian calendar the current era in the Maya Long Count Calendar started.
  • 394 – Battle of the Frigidus: The Christian Roman Emperor Theodosius I defeats and kills the pagan usurper Eugenius and his Frankish magister militum
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus sails from La Gomera in the Canary Islands, his final port of call before crossing the Atlantic for the first time.
  • 1522 – The Victoria, one of the surviving ships of Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition, returns to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the world.
  • 1620 – The Pilgrims sail from Plymouth, England, on the Mayflower to settle in North America. (Old Style date; September 16 per New Style date.)
  • 1628 – Puritans settle Salem, which will later become part of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1669 – The siege of Candia ends with the Venetian fortress surrendering to the Ottomans
  • 1776 – Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, killing more than 6000.
  • 1781 – The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting a British victory.
  • 1847 – Henry David Thoreau leaves Walden Pond and moves in with Ralph Waldo Emerson and his family in Concord, Massachusetts.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant bloodlessly capture Paducah, Kentucky, which gives the Union control of the mouth of the Tennessee River.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Confederates evacuate Battery Wagner and Morris Island in South Carolina.
  • 1870 – Louisa Ann Swain of Laramie, Wyoming becomes the first woman in the United States to cast a vote legally after 1807.
  • 1885 – Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.
  • 1888 – Charles Turner becomes the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season.
  • 1901 – Anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots and fatally wounds US President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York.
  • 1930 – Democratically elected Argentine president Hipólito Yrigoyen is deposed in a military coup.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1939 – World War II: The Battle of Barking Creek.
  • 1939 – World War II: South Africa declares war on Germany.
  • 1940 – King Carol II of Romania abdicates and is succeeded by his son Michael.
  • 1944 – World War II: The city of Ypres, Belgium is liberated by allied forces.
  • 1948 – Juliana becomes Queen of the Netherlands.
  • 1949 – Allied military authorities relinquish control of former Nazi Germany assets back to German control.
  • 1949 – A former sharpshooter in World War II, Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in Camden, New Jersey, with a souvenir Luger to become the first U.S. single-episode mass murderer.
  • 1952 – Canada’s first television station, CBFT-TV, opens in Montreal.
  • 1955 – Istanbul Pogrom: Istanbul’s Greek and Armenian minority are the target of a government-sponsored pogrom.
  • 1963 – The Centre for International Industrial Property Studies (CEIPI) is founded.
  • 1965 – War of 1965: India attacks Pakistan and announces that its forces will capture Lahore (city of Pakistan) in an hour.
  • 1966 – In Cape Town, South Africa, the architect of Apartheid, Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd, is stabbed to death during a parliamentary meeting.
  • 1968 – Swaziland becomes independent.
  • 1970 – Two passenger jets bound from Europe to New York are simultaneously hijacked by Palestinian terrorist members of PFLP and taken to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
  • 1976 – Cold War: Soviet air force pilot Lt. Viktor Belenko lands a MiG-25 jet fighter at Hakodate on the island of Hokkaido in Japan and requests political asylum in the United States.
  • 1983 – The Soviet Union admits to shooting down Korean Air Flight KAL-007, stating that the pilots did not know it was a civilian aircraft when it violated Soviet airspace.
  • 1985 – Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-9 crashes just after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, killing 31.
  • 1986 – In Istanbul, two terrorists from Abu Nidal’s organization kill 22 and wound six inside the Neve Shalom synagogue during Shabbat services.
  • 1991 – The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
  • 1991 – The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia’s second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.
  • 1992 – Hunters discover the emaciated body of Christopher Johnson McCandless at his camp 20 miles west of the town of Healy, Alaska.
  • 1997 – Diana, Princess of Wales is laid to rest in front of a television audience of more than 2.5 billion.
  • 2000 – The Millennium Summit takes place.
  • 2003 – Tropical Depression 9 formed in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean, later to become Hurricane Isabel, the 9th named storm of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season

September 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1535 – Emanuel van Meteren, Flemish historian (d. 1612)
  • 1620 – Isabella Leonarda, Italian composer (d. 1704)
  • 1656 – Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1723)
  • 1666 – Tsar Ivan V of Russia (d. 1696)
  • 1711 – Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (d. 1787)
  • 1732 – Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist (d. 1796)
  • 1729 – Moses Mendelssohn, German philosopher (d. 1786)
  • 1757 – Marquis de Lafayette, French soldier and statesman (d. 1834)
  • 1766 – John Dalton, British chemist and physicist (d. 1844)
  • 1781 – Anton Diabelli, Austrian music publisher and composer (d. 1858)
  • 1795 – Frances Wright, English writer and lecturer (d. 1852)
  • 1800 – Catharine Beecher, American educator (d. 1878)
  • 1802 – Alcide d’Orbigny, French naturalist (d. 1857)
  • 1808 – Abd al-Qadir, Algerian political and military leader (d. 1883)
  • 1814 – George-Étienne Cartier, Canadian politician (d. 1873)
  • 1815 – St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General (d. 1870)
  • 1817 – Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician (d. 1893)
  • 1829 – Marie Zakrzewska, Polish physician (d. 1902)
  • 1838 – Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (d. 1906)
  • 1857 – Zelia Nuttall, American archeologist and historian (d. 1933)
  • 1860 – Jane Addams, American social worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1935)
  • 1868 – Heinrich Häberlin, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Felix Salten, Austrian author (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – John James Richard Macleod, Scottish-born physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • 1877 – Buddy Bolden, American musician (d. 1930)
  • 1879 – Joseph Wirth, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1888 – Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., American banker and diplomat (d. 1969)
  • 1890 – Clara Kimball Young, American actress (d. 1960)
  • 1892 – Sir Edward Appleton, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1893 – Claire Chennault, American pilot (d. 1958)
  • 1899 – Billy Rose, American composer (d. 1966)
  • 1900 – W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Julien Green, French-born American novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1904 – Max Rosenbloom, American boxer (d. 1976)
  • 1906 – Luis Federico Leloir, French-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Michael Gordon, American actor and director (b. 1993)
  • 1911 – Harry Danning, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Franz Josef Strauß, German Politician (d. 1988)
  • 1917 – Philipp von Boeselager, German Wehrmacht officer, failed assassin of Adolf Hitler
  • 1919 – Wilson Greatbatch, American Inventor
  • 1921 – Carmen Laforet, Spanish author (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – King Peter II of Yugoslavia (d. 1970)
  • 1925 – Jimmy Reed, American blues singer (d. 1976)
  • 1926 – Maurice Prather, American motion picture and still photographer (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Claus von Amsberg, Prince Consort of the Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Robert M. Pirsig, American author
  • 1928 – Evgeny Svetlanov, Russian conductor and composer (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Yash Johar, Indian film producer (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Sergio Aragonés, Spanish-born illustrator
  • 1937 – Brigid Berlin, American actor
  • 1937 – Jo Anne Worley, American actress
  • 1939 – Susumu Tonegawa, Japanese molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1939 – Dan Cragg, American soldier and author
  • 1939 – David Allan Coe, American country singer
  • 1943 – Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1943 – Roger Waters, British musician (Pink Floyd)
  • 1944 – Swoosie Kurtz, American actress
  • 1945 – Larry Lucchino, American baseball executive
  • 1947 – Jane Curtin, American actress
  • 1947 – Bruce Rioch, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1954 – Ève Luquet, French stamp designer
  • 1956 – Bill Ritter, American politician
  • 1957 – Michaëlle Jean, 27th Governor-General of Canada
  • 1957 – José Sócrates, Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1958 – Jeff Foxworthy, American comedian
  • 1958 – Michael Winslow, American actor and comedian
  • 1958 – Buster Bloodvessel, British singer
  • 1958 – Nigel Westlake, Australian musician and composer
  • 1961 – Scott Travis, American musician (Judas Priest)
  • 1961 – Paul Waaktaar-Savoy, Norwegian musician (a-ha)
  • 1962 – Kevin Willis, American basketball player
  • 1962 – Elizabeth Vargas, American journalist
  • 1963 – Alice Sebold, American novelist
  • 1963 – Geert Wilders, Dutch politician
  • 1963 – Bryan Simonaire, American politician
  • 1963 – Pat Nevin, Scottish footballer
  • 1964 – Rosie Perez, American actress
  • 1965 – John Polson, Australian actor and film director
  • 1968 – Paul Rea, American television journalist
  • 1968 – Christopher Brookmyre, Scottish writer
  • 1969 – Ben Finegold, American chess player
  • 1969 – CeCe Peniston, American dance music singer
  • 1969 – Michellie Jones, Australian triathlete
  • 1970 – Paul Miller, American composer and author
  • 1971 – Devang Gandhi, Indian Cricketer
  • 1971 – Dolores O’Riordan, Irish musician (The Cranberries)
  • 1972 – China Miéville, English writer
  • 1972 – Justina Machado, Puerto Rican actress
  • 1972 – Anika Noni Rose, American actress and singer
  • 1972 – Idris Elba, English/American actor
  • 1972 – Dylan Bruno, American actor (Numb3rs)
  • 1973 – Carlo Cudicini, Italian footballer
  • 1973 – Greg Rusedski, Canadian-born tennis player
  • 1974 – Tim Henman, English tennis player
  • 1974 – Sarah Danielle Madison, American actress
  • 1974 – Nina Persson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
  • 1974 – Sarah Strange, Canadian actress
  • 1975 – Derrek Lee, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Justin Whalin, American actor
  • 1976 – N.O.R.E., American rapper
  • 1976 – Hyun Young, South Korean actress and pop singer
  • 1976 – Naomie Harris, American actress
  • 1977 – Kiyoshi Hikawa, Japanese enka singer
  • 1978 – Cisco Adler, American singer
  • 1978 – Alex Escobar, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1978 – Tony Thaxton, drummer (Motion City Soundtrack)
  • 1979 – Foxy Brown, American rapper
  • 1979 – Brandon Silvestry, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Massimo Maccarone, Italian footballer
  • 1979 – Carlos Adrián Morales, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Joseph Yobo, Nigerian footballer
  • 1980 – Yuji Hamano, Japanese archer
  • 1980 – Jillian Hall, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Samuel Peter, Nigerian heavyweight boxer
  • 1981 – Yumiko Cheng, Hong Kong singer
  • 1981 – Mark Teahen, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Ljubisa Bojic, Serbian student movement leader
  • 1985 – Webbie, American rapper
  • 1985 – Ali Ashfaq, Maldivian footballer
  • 1985 – Alberto Valerio, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1986 – Raven Riley, American porn star
  • 1989 – Nikos Boutzikos, Greek footballer
  • 2000 – Breanna Lynn Bartlett-Stewart, first Kleihauer-Betke stillbirth (d. 2000)
  • 2006 – Prince Hisahito of Akishino, Japan Imperial Family member

September 6 – Deaths:

  • 957 – Liudolf, Duke of Swabia
  • 972 – Pope John XIII
  • 1511 – Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1481)
  • 1536 – William Tyndale, Protestant bible translator (b. c. 1494)
  • 1625 – Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
  • 1635 – Metius, Dutch mathematician and astronomer (b. 1571)
  • 1649 – Robert Dudley, styled Earl of Warwick, English explorer and geographer (b. 1574)
  • 1683 – Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French minister finance (b. 1619)
  • 1708 – Sir John Morden, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1623)
  • 1748 – Edmund Gibson, English jurist (b. 1669)
  • 1782 – Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, wife of Thomas Jefferson (b. 1748)
  • 1783 – Bertinazzi, Italian actor and writer (b. 1710)
  • 1808 – Louis-Pierre Anquetil, French historian (b. 1723)
  • 1868 – Pierre Adolphe Rost, Louisiana judge, Confederate commissioner (b. 1797)
  • 1902 – Frederick Augustus Abel, English chemist (b. 1827)
  • 1907 – Sully Prudhomme, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1839)
  • 1938 – John Stuart Hindmarsh, British racing driver and aviator (b. 1907)
  • 1950 – Olaf Stapledon, British writer and philosopher (b. 1886)
  • 1951 – James W. Gerard, American jurist and diplomat (b. 1867)
  • 1952 – Gertrude Lawrence, English actress (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Hanns Eisler, German-born composer (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Seiichiro Kashio, Japanese tennis player (b. 1892)
  • 1966 – Margaret Sanger, American birth control activist (b. 1879)
  • 1966 – Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa (b. 1901)
  • 1969 – Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Olga Baclanova, Russian-born actress (b. 1896)
  • 1978 – Tom Wilson, American record producer (b. 1931)
  • 1981 – Christy Brown, Irish author (b. 1932)
  • 1984 – Ernest Tubb, American singer (b. 1914)
  • 1985 – Johnny Desmond, American singer (b. 1919)
  • 1986 – Blanche Sweet, American actress (b. 1895)
  • 1987 – Quinn Martin, American television producer (b. 1922)
  • 1988 – Leroy Brown, professional wrestler (b. 1950)
  • 1990 – Len Hutton, English cricketer (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Tom Fogerty, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 1991 – Bob Goldham, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Nicky Hopkins, British musician (b. 1944)
  • 1997 – P. H. Newby, British author and BBC radio director (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – René Lecavalier, French Canadian sportscaster (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Carl Crack, German musician (Atari Teenage Riot) (b. 1971)
  • 2003 – Harry Goz, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Mohammad Oraz, Iranian mountain climber (b. 1969)
  • 2005 – Hasan Abidi, Pakistani journalist and Urdu poet (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Madeleine L’Engle, American author (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Alex, African Grey parrot “student” of Dr. Irene Pepperberg (b. 1976)

September 6 – Holidays:

  • Bulgaria – Unification Day.
  • Pakistan – Defence Day (Pak-Army Day) Since 1965
  • Swaziland – Independence Day (from the United Kingdom, 1968).

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On This Day in History September 5

September 5 – Events:

  • 1590 – Alexander Farnese’s army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris.
  • 1661 – Fall of Nicolas Fouquet: Louis XIV Superintendent of Finances is arrested in Nantes by D’Artagnan, captain of the king’s musketeers.
  • 1666 – Great Fire of London ends: 10,000 buildings including St. Paul’s Cathedral are destroyed, but only 16 people are known to have died.
  • 1698 – In an effort to move his people away from archaic customs, Tsar Peter I of Russia imposes a tax on beards.
  • 1725 – Wedding of Louis XV and Maria Leszczynska.
  • 1774 – First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1781 – Battle of the Chesapeake in the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1793 – French Revolution the French National Convention initiates the Reign of Terror.
  • 1798 – Conscription is made mandatory in France by the Jourdan law.
  • 1800 – Malta is conquered by Great Britain.
  • 1816 – Louis XVIII has to dissolve the Chambre introuvable (“Unobtainable Chamber”).
  • 1836 – Sam Houston is elected as the second president of the Republic of Texas.
  • 1839 – The First Opium War begins in China.
  • 1840 – Premiere of Giuseppe Verdi’s Un giorno di regno at La Scala of Milan.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: the Potomac River is crossed at White’s Ford in the Maryland Campaign.
  • 1864 – Achille François Bazaine becomes Marshall of France.
  • 1877 – Indian Wars: Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse is bayoneted by a United States soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson in Nebraska.
  • 1882 – The first United States Labor Day parade is held in New York City.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: In New Hampshire, USA, the Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by US President Theodore Roosevelt, ends the war.
  • 1914 – World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins. Northeast of Paris, the French attack and defeat German forces who are advancing on the capital.
  • 1915 – The pacifist Zimmerwald Conference begins.
  • 1918 – Decree “On Red Terror” is published in Russia
  • 1932 – The French Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.
  • 1938 – Chile: A group of youths affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile are assassinated in the Seguro Obrero massacre.
  • 1939 – World War II: The United States declares its neutrality in the war.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese high command orders withdrawal at Milne Bay, first Japanese defeat in the Pacific War.
  • 1943 – World War II: The 503d Parachute Infantry Regiment lands and occupies Nazdab, near Lae in the Salamaua-Lae campaign.
  • 1944 – Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg constitute Benelux.
  • 1945 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist Tokyo Rose, is arrested in Yokohama.
  • 1948 – Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1957 – Cuba: Fulgencio Batista bombs the revolt in Cienfuegos.
  • 1960 – The poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is elected as the first President of Senegal.
  • 1961 – The first conference of the Non Aligned Countries is held in Belgrade.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Operation Jefferson Glenn begins: the United States 101st Airborne Division and the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division initiate a new operation in Thua Thien province.
  • 1972 – Munich Massacre: A Palestinian terrorist group called “Black September” attack Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games.
  • 1975 – Sacramento, California: a follower of incarcerated cult leader Charles Manson, Lynette Fromme, attempts to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford.
  • 1977 – Hanns Martin Schleyer, is kidnapped in Cologne, West Germany by the Red Army Faction and is later murdered.
  • 1977 – Voyager program: Voyager 1 is launched after a brief delay.
  • 1978 – Camp David Accords: Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat begin peace process at Camp David, Maryland.
  • 1980 – The St. Gotthard Tunnel opens in Switzerland as the world’s longest highway tunnel at 10.14 miles (16.224 km) stretching from Goschenen to Airolo.
  • 1984 – STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle Discovery lands after its maiden voyage.
  • 1984 – Western Australia becomes the last Australian state to abolish capital punishment.
  • 1986 – Pan Am Flight 73 with 358 people on board is hijacked at Karachi International Airport.
  • 1991 – The Mall Southampton, Southampton, UK opened its doors for the first time
  • 2000 – The hottest day ever in Texas as most weather stations in the state topped 100 degrees and many topped 110.
  • 2005 – Mandala Airlines Flight 091 crashes into a heavily-populated residential of Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 104 people on board and at least 39 persons on ground.
  • 2007 – 3 terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Quaeda are arrested in Germany after planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US-Military installations. See German Terror Plot 9/07

September 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1187 – Louis VIII of France (d. 1226)
  • 1568 – Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian, philosopher, and poet (d. 1639)
  • 1621 – Juan Andrés Coloma, Spanish noble (d. 1694)
  • 1638 – Louis XIV of France (d. 1715)
  • 1667 – Giovanni Gerolamo Saccheri, Italian mathematician (d. 1733)
  • 1695 – Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician (d. 1770)
  • 1722 – Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony (d. 1763)
  • 1725 – Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (d. 1799)
  • 1735 – Johann Christian Bach, German composer (d. 1782)
  • 1750 – Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (d. 1774)
  • 1771 – Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general (d. 1847)
  • 1774 – Caspar David Friedrich, German artist (d. 1840)
  • 1775 – Juan Martín Díez, el Empecinado (the undaunted), Spanish guerrillero (d. 1825)
  • 1787 – François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (d. 1850)
  • 1791 – Giacomo Meyerbeer, German composer (d. 1864)
  • 1792 – Pierre-Armand Dufrénoy, French geologist and mineralogist (d. 1857).
  • 1806 – Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (d. 1865)
  • 1807 – Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish Anglican clergyman and philologist (d. 1886)
  • 1809 – Manuel Montt Torres, President of Chile (d. 1880)
  • 1827 – Goffredo Mameli, Italian poet and writer (d. 1849)
  • 1836 – Justiniano Borgoño, President of Peru (d. 1921)
  • 1847 – Jesse James, American outlaw (d. 1882)
  • 1857 – Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist and inventor (d. 1935)
  • 1867 – Amy Beach, American composer and pianist (d. 1944)
  • 1874 – Nap Lajoie, American baseball player (d. 1959)
  • 1876 – Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (d. 1956)
  • 1876 – Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician. (d. 1944)
  • 1881 – Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democratic politician (d. 1938)
  • 1888 – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, second President of India (d. 1975)
  • 1892 – Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist (d. 1973)
  • 1901 – Mario Scelba, Italian politician and former Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1902 – Darryl F. Zanuck, American film producer and executive (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Arthur Koestler, Hungarian writer (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Maurice Challe French general (d. 1979), one of the leaders of the Algiers putsch in 1961.
  • 1908 – Gloria Holden, British actress (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – John Cage, American composer (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Kristina Söderbaum, German actress and photographer (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Frank Thomas, American animator (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Nicanor Parra, Chilian poet and mathematician
  • 1916 – Frank Yerby Jewish novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1916 – Frank Shuster, Canadian comedian (Wayne and Shuster) (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Luis Alcoriza, Mexican screenwriter, film director, and actor (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Jack Valenti, American political advisor and film executive (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Paul Dietzel, American college football coach
  • 1927 – Paul Volcker, former chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank
  • 1929 – Bob Newhart, American actor and comedian
  • 1929 – Andrian Nikolayev, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, Chilian catholic archbishop
  • 1934 – Carol Lawrence, American actress and singer
  • 1935 – Johnny Briggs MBE, English actor
  • 1936 – Bill Mazeroski, American baseball player
  • 1937 – Antonio Valentin Angelillo, Argentinian footballer
  • 1939 – William Devane, American actor
  • 1939 – John Stewart, American musician (The Kingston Trio) (d. 2008)
  • 1939 – George Lazenby, Australian actor
  • 1939 – Clay Regazzoni, Swiss racing driver (d. 2006)
  • 1940 – Raquel Welch, American actress
  • 1942 – Werner Herzog, German film director
  • 1942 – Eduardo Mata, Mexican conductor and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Denise Fabre French television presenter.
  • 1943 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (d. 2007)
  • 1944 – Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, author and playwright (d. 1996)
  • 1945 – Al Stewart, Scottish singer and songwriter
  • 1946 – Freddie Mercury, Zanzibar-born singer and songwriter (Queen) (d. 1991)
  • 1946 – Loudon Wainwright III, American singer and composer
  • 1947 – Buddy Miles, American musician
  • 1948 – Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat and politician
  • 1950 – Cathy Guisewite, American cartoonist
  • 1950 – Paul William Roberts, Canadian writer
  • 1951 – Paul Breitner, German footballer
  • 1951 – Patti McGuire, American model and television producer
  • 1951 – Michael Keaton, American actor
  • 1956 – Roine Stolt, Swedish guitarist (The Flower Kings)
  • 1957 – Peter Winnen, Dutch bicycle road athlete
  • 1961 – Marc-André Hamelin, Canadian pianist
  • 1962 – Peter Wingfield, Welsh actor
  • 1963 – Juan Alderete, American bassist (Racer X)
  • 1963 – Jeff Brantley, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Jonathan Phillips, English actor
  • 1963 – Taki Inoue, Japanese racing driver
  • 1963 – Kristian Alfonso, American actress
  • 1964 – Frank Farina, Australian footballer
  • 1965 – Chris Morris, English satirist
  • 1965 – David Brabham, Australian racing driver
  • 1965 – César Rincón, colombian matador
  • 1966 – Achero Mañas, Spanish actor and film director
  • 1966 – Milinko Pantic, retired Serbian footballer
  • 1967 – India Hicks, English model
  • 1967 – Jane Sixsmith, English field hockey player
  • 1968 – Brad Wilk, American musician (Audioslave, Rage Against the Machine)
  • 1969 – Dweezil Zappa, American musician
  • 1969 – Leonardo Nascimento de Araujo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1969 – Mark Ramprakash, English cricketer
  • 1970 – Steve Burton, American actor
  • 1970 – Mohammad Rafique, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1970 – Liam Lynch, American musician (Sifl and Olly)
  • 1970 – Kim Hye-su, South Korean actress and model
  • 1973 – Rose McGowan, Italian-born actress
  • 1973 – Alexandra Kerry, daughter of American Senator John Kerry
  • 1973 – Paddy Considine, English actor
  • 1975 – Rod Barajas, American baseball player
  • 1975 – George Boateng, Dutch footballer
  • 1975 – Matt Geyer, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1975 – Jamie Spaniolo, American horrorcore rapper
  • 1976 – Tatyana Gutsu, Ukrainian gymnast
  • 1976 – Carice van Houten, Dutch actress
  • 1977 – Minoru Fujita, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Rosevelt Colvin, American football player
  • 1977 – Nazr Mohammed, American Basketball player
  • 1977 – Joseba Etxeberria, Spanish football winger
  • 1977 – Alexey Harkov, Russian bassist (Kipelov, Sergey Mavrin)
  • 1978 – Chris Jack, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1978 – Laura Bertram, Canadian actress
  • 1978 – Zhang Zhong, Chinese chess player
  • 1979 – John Carew, Norwegian footballer
  • 1979 – Stacey Dales, Canadian basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1979 – George O’Callaghan, Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Franco Costanzo, Argentinian football goalkeeper
  • 1981 – Filippo Volandri, Italian tennis player
  • 1981 – Drew Carter, American football player
  • 1982 – Alexandre Geijo, Spanish/Swiss footballer
  • 1982 – Sondre Lerche, Norwegian musician
  • 1983 – Eugen Bopp, Ukrainian-German footballer
  • 1983 – Pablo Granoche, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1984 – Trey Hill, Grammy-nominated musician
  • 1985 – Ryan Guy, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Pierre Casiraghi, son of princess Caroline of Monaco
  • 1991 – Skandar Keynes, English actor

September 5 – Deaths:

  • 1165 – Emperor Nijo of Japan (b. 1143)
  • 1201 – Constance, Duchess of Brittany (b. 1161)
  • 1235 – Henry I, Duke of Brabant (b. 1165)
  • 1548 – Catherine Parr, Sixth wife of Henry VIII of England (b. c. 1512)
  • 1607 – Pomponne de Bellièvre, chancellor of France (b. 1529)
  • 1629 – Domenico Allegri, Italian composer (b. c. 1585)
  • 1734 – Nicolas Bernier, French musician and composer (b. 1664)
  • 1786 – Jonas Hanway, English merchant, traveler, and philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • 1803 – Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (b. 1741)
  • 1803 – François Devienne, French composer (b. 1759)
  • 1808 – John Home, Scottish writer (b. 1722)
  • 1836 – Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (b. 1790)
  • 1838 – Charles Percier, French architect (b. 1764)
  • 1857 – Auguste Comte, French sociologist (b. 1798)
  • 1867 – Santiago Derqui, Argentinian politician (b. 1809)
  • 1876 – Manuel Blanco Encalada, first president of Chile (b. 1790)
  • 1877 – Crazy Horse, Lakota (Sioux) chief (b. 1849)
  • 1898 – Sarah Edmonds, Canadian nurse, soldier, and spy (b. 1841)
  • 1901 – Ignacij Klemencic, Slovenian physicist (b. 1853)
  • 1902 – Rudolf Virchow, German pathologist and politician (b. 1821)
  • 1906 – Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (b. 1844)
  • 1912 – Arthur MacArthur, Jr., U.S. Army general (b. 1845)
  • 1914 – Charles Péguy, French poet, essayist and editor (b. 1873)
  • 1917 – Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (b. 1872)
  • 1920 – Robert Harron, American actor (b. 1893)
  • 1922 – Georgette Agutte, French painter (b. 1867)
  • 1926 – Karl Harrer, German journalist and politician, founding member of the “DAP”, which would become the Nazi Party (b. 1890)
  • 1930 – Robert Means Thompson, American naval officer (b. 1849)
  • 1931 – John Thomson, football player who died in an accidental collision during a match (b. 1909)
  • 1932 – Francisco Acebal, Spanish novelist, playwright and journalist (b. 1866)
  • 1936 – Federico Borrell García, Spanish anarchist soldier during the Spanish Civil War (b. 1912)
  • 1936 – Gustave Kahn, French Symbolist poet and art critic (b. 1859)
  • 1942 – François de Labouchère, French aviator of World War II, compagnon de la Libération. (b. 1917)
  • 1943 – Aleš Hrdlicka, Czech anthropologist (b. 1869)
  • 1945 – Clem Hill, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1948 – Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. 1881)
  • 1953 – Richard Walther Darré, Nazi politician, one of the leading ‘blood and soil’ ideologists (b. 1895)
  • 1954 – Eugen Schiffer, German politician (b. 1954)
  • 1965 – Thomas Johnston, Scottish-born politician (b. 1882)
  • 1966 – Dezso Lauber, Hungarian athlete (b. 1879)
  • 1970 – Jochen Rindt, German-Austrian race car driver and one-time F1 (posthumous) world champion (b. 1942)
  • 1973 – Jack Fournier, American baseball player (b. 1889)
  • 1975 – Georg Ots, Estonian singer (b. 1920)
  • 1977 – Marcel Thiry, Belgian writer and wallon militant (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (b. 1884)
  • 1982 – Douglas Bader, RAF fighter pilot in World War II (b. 1910)
  • 1983 – Antonio Mairena, flamenco singer (b. 1909)
  • 1988 – Gert Fröbe, German actor (b. 1913)
  • 1990 – Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1896)
  • 1992 – Fritz Leiber, American author (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – William Kunstler, American lawyer and activist (b. 1919)
  • 1997 – Georg Solti, Hungarian conductor (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Mother Teresa, Albanian-born missionary and humanitarian, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Leo Penn, American film director (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Verner Panton, Danish designer (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Allen Funt, American radio and television personality (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Bryce Mackasey, Canadian politician (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Vladimir Žerjavic, Croatian UN statistician (b. 1912)
  • 2002 – David Todd Wilkinson, American astronomer, author of the first study of the Cosmic microwave background radiation (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian-born singer (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Roberto Viaux, Chilean Army General and the primary planner in two failed coup d’état attempts in Chile (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Jennifer Dunn, American politician (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Paul Gillmor, American politician (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – D. James Kennedy, American televangelist (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Thomas Hansen (musician) (b. 1976)

September 5 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Jupiter Stator to commemorate that Jupiter helped Romulus to stop the Sabine invasion under Titus Tatius.

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