On This Day in History March 12

March 12 – Events:

  • 538 – Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
  • 1622 – Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, is canonized a saint by the Catholic Church.
  • 1664 – New Jersey becomes a colony of Britain.
  • 1868 – Henry James O’Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
  • 1881 – Andrew Watson made his Scotland debut as the world’s first black international football player and captain.
  • 1894 – Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.
  • 1908 – The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
  • 1912 – The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) are founded in the United States.
  • 1913 – Canberra Day: The future capital of Australia is officially named Canberra.
  • 1918 – Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint-Petersburg held this status for 215 years.
  • 1928 – In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people.
  • 1930 – Mahatma Gandhi leads a 200-mile march known as Dandi March to the sea in defiance of British opposition, to protest the British monopoly on salt.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This was also the first of his “Fireside Chats.”
  • 1938 – Anschluss: German troops occupy Austria; annexation declared the following day.
  • 1940 – Winter War: Finland signs the Moscow Peace Treaty with the Soviet Union, ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia. Finnish troops and the remaining population are immediately evacuated.
  • 1947 – The Truman Doctrine is proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism.
  • 1967 – Suharto takes over from Sukarno to become President of Indonesia.
  • 1968 – Mauritius achieves independence.
  • 1971 – The March 12 Memorandum, second intervention of Turkish Army, is sent to the Demirel government and Demirel government resigned.
  • 1992 – Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1993 – Several bombs explode in Bombay (Mumbai), India, killing about 300 and injuring hundreds more.
  • 1994 – The Church of England ordains its first female priests.
  • 1999 – Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
  • 2003 – Zoran Ðindic, Prime Minister of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade.
  • 2004 – Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea is impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation’s history.
  • 2008 – Eliot Spitzer announces his resignation as Governor of New York.

March 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1270 – Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (d. 1325)
  • 1478 – Giuliano di Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1516)
  • 1607 – Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (d. 1676)
  • 1613 – André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)
  • 1620 – Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)
  • 1626 – John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
  • 1637 – Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)
  • 1647 – Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)
  • 1672 – Richard Steele, Irish writer and politician (d. 1729)
  • 1685 – George Berkeley, Irish theologian (d. 1753)
  • 1710 – Thomas Arne, English composer (d. 1778)
  • 1718 – Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
  • 1781 – Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)
  • 1806 – Jane Pierce, First Lady of the United States (d. 1863)
  • 1821 – Sir John Abbott, third Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1893)
  • 1824 – Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (d. 1887)
  • 1831 – Clement Studebaker, American automobile pioneer (d. 1901)
  • 1832 – Charles Boycott, British land agent and originator of the term to boycott (d. 1897)
  • 1835 – Simon Newcomb, American astronomer and mathematician (d. 1909)
  • 1837 – Alexandre Guilmant, French organist and composer (d. 1911)
  • 1838 – William Henry Perkin, English chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1859 – Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • 1863 – Gabriele D’Annunzio, Italian writer (d. 1938)
  • 1863 – Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • 1864 – W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1880 – Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)
  • 1880 – Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1881 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, first President of Turkey (d. 1938)
  • 1881 – Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • 1883 – Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • 1889 – Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • 1890 – Vaslav Nijinsky, Polish ballet dancer (d. 1950)
  • 1890 – William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • 1891 – George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
  • 1895 – William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
  • 1907 – Arthur Hewlett, British actor (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • 1908 – Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
  • 1908 – David Saul Marshall Singapore’s first Chief Minister(d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, President of Mexico (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Paul Weston, American pianist, arranger and conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • 1921 – Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Gordon MacRae, American singer and actor (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Jack Kerouac, American writer (d. 1969)
  • 1922 – Lane Kirkland, American labor leader (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian speed skater
  • 1923 – Norbert Brainin, Austrian violinist (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Wally Schirra, American astronaut (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Mae Young, American professional wrestler
  • 1925 – Louison Bobet, French cyclist (d. 1983)
  • 1925 – Georges Delerue, French film composer (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Leo Esaki, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1925 – Harry Harrison, American author
  • 1928 – Edward Albee, American dramatist
  • 1928 – Thérèse Lavoie-Roux, Quebec politician and senator
  • 1928 – Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan musician (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – U Win Tin, jailed Burmese journalist
  • 1930 – Vernon Law, American baseball player
  • 1931 – Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder
  • 1931 – Billie “Buckwheat” Thomas, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1932 – Barbara Feldon, American actress and model
  • 1932 – Andrew Young, American civil rights activist and politician
  • 1935 – John Doherty, English footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Patrick Procktor, English artist (d. 2003)
  • 1938 – Johnny Rutherford, American automobile racer
  • 1940 – Al Jarreau, American singer
  • 1940 – M.A. Numminen, Finnish singer and writer
  • 1942 – Ratko Mladic, Republika Srpska leader
  • 1942 – Jimmy Wynn, American baseball player, 1963-1977
  • 1945 – Sammy “The Bull” Gravano, American gangster
  • 1946 – Liza Minnelli, American singer and actress
  • 1946 – Frank Welker, American voice actor
  • 1946 – Peter Whalley, British television writer and author
  • 1946 – Serge Turgeon, Quebec actor and union leader (d. 2004)
  • 1947 – Kalervo Palsa, Finnish artist (d. 1987)
  • 1947 – Mitt Romney, 70 Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1948 – James Taylor, American musician
  • 1948 – Kent Conrad, Democratic Senator of North Dakota
  • 1948 – Virginia Bottomley, British politician
  • 1949 – Rob Cohen, American film director, producer and writer
  • 1949 – Moctesuma Esparza, Mexican American producer and filmmaker
  • 1949 – Natalia Kuchinskaya, Soviet gymnast
  • 1950 – Javier Clemente, Spanish football manager
  • 1950 – Jon Provost, American actor
  • 1952 – Eliézer Niyitegeka, Rwandan journalist, politician and genocidaire
  • 1952 – Naomi Shihab Nye, American poet, songwriter, and novelist
  • 1953 – Carl Hiaasen, American journalist and author
  • 1953 – Ron Jeremy, American pornographic actor
  • 1956 – Steve Harris, English musician (Iron Maiden)
  • 1956 – Dale Murphy, American baseball player
  • 1957 – Marlon Jackson, American singer and musician (The Jackson 5)
  • 1960 – Kipp Lennon, American singer
  • 1960 – Minoru Niihara, Japanese singer
  • 1960 – Maki Nomiya, Japanese singer (Pizzicato Five)
  • 1960 – Courtney B. Vance, American actor
  • 1961 – Joseph Facal, Quebec politician
  • 1962 – Darryl Strawberry, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Ian Holloway, English football manager
  • 1963 – Joaquim Cruz, Brazilian runner
  • 1965 – Steve Finley, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Shawn Gilbert, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Steve Levy, American sports journalist
  • 1965 – Liza Umarova, Chechen torch singer
  • 1966 – Grant Long, NBA Basketball Player
  • 1966 – John Thompson III, NCAA Basketball Head Coach
  • 1967 – Julio Dely Valdes, Panamanian footballer
  • 1968 – Aaron Eckhart, American actor
  • 1969 – Graham Coxon, English musician (Blur)
  • 1969 – Jake Tapper, American journalist
  • 1970 – Dave Eggers, American writer, editor, and publisher
  • 1970 – Sean Hopp, American painter and musician
  • 1970 – Roy Khan, Norwegian singer (Kamelot)
  • 1970 – John Nemechek, American NASCAR driver (d. 1997)
  • 1971 – Tony Eveready (Duane Moore), American adult film actor
  • 1971 – Isaiah Rider, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Hector Luis Bustamante, Colombian actor
  • 1972 – James Maritato, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Kelle Bryan, English singer
  • 1975 – Herman Li, Cantonese guitarist
  • 1975 – Annabel Port, English radio presenter
  • 1976 – Simon Young, English music journalist
  • 1976 – Zhao Wei, Chinese actress
  • 1977 – Ramiro Corrales, American soccer player
  • 1978 – Masuimi Max, American model
  • 1978 – Casey Mears, American auto racer
  • 1978 – Claudio Sanchez, American musician (Coheed and Cambria)
  • 1978 – Arina Tanemura, Japanese mangaka
  • 1979 – Pete Doherty, English musician
  • 1979 – Nidia Guenard, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Edwin Villafuerte, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1982 – Zach Miner, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Tobias Schweinsteiger, German footballer
  • 1984 – Shreya Ghoshal, Indian singer
  • 1984 – Jaimie Alexander, American Actress
  • 1985 – Bradley Wright-Phillips, English footballer
  • 1985 – Tosh Townend, American skateboarder
  • 1986 – Danny Jones, English singer (McFly)

March 12 – Deaths:

  • 604 – Pope Gregory I
  • 1289 – King Demetre II of Georgia (b. 1259)
  • 1374 – Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (b. 1336)
  • 1447 – Shah Rukh, ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (b. 1377)
  • 1507 – Cesare Borgia, Italian general and statesman (b. 1475)
  • 1608 – Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1530)
  • 1628 – John Bull, English composer
  • 1648 – Tirso de Molina, Spanish writer (b. 1571)
  • 1681 – Frans van Mieris, Sr., Dutch painter (b. 1635)
  • 1699 – Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman (b. 1635)
  • 1757 – Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/painter (b. 1696)
  • 1790 – Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1832 – Friedrich Kuhlau, German composer (b. 1786)
  • 1872 – Zeng Guofan, Chinese politician and general (b. 1811)
  • 1894 – Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
  • 1898 – Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (b. 1818)
  • 1908 – Edmondo De Amicis, Italian children’s writer (b. 1846)
  • 1909 – Joe Petrosino, NYPD lieutenant (b. 1860)
  • 1914 – George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur and engineer (b. 1846)
  • 1916 – Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (b. 1830)
  • 1925 – Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary and politician (b. 1866)
  • 1929 – Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman (b. 1851)
  • 1930 – Alois Jirásek, Czech writer (b. 1851)
  • 1930 – William George Barker, Canadian fighter ace (b. 1894)
  • 1937 – Charles-Marie Widor, French organist and composer (b. 1844)
  • 1937 – Jeno Hubay, Hungarian violinist (b. 1858)
  • 1942 – Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • 1943 – Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1869)
  • 1944 – Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)
  • 1946 – Ferenc Szálasi, Hungarian politician (executed) (b. 1897)
  • 1955 – Charlie Parker, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1920)
  • 1973 – Frankie Frisch, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – George D. Sax, Drive-in bank and instant loan innovator. (b. 1904)
  • 1978 – John Cazale, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 1978 – Gene Moore, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 1980 – Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1914)
  • 1984 – Arnold Ridley, English playwright and actor (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Woody Hayes, American football coach (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Maurice Evans, English-born actor (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Wallace Breem, British author (b. 1926)
  • 1991 – Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1995 – Juanin Clay, American actress (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – Judge Dread, English musician (b. 1945)
  • 1998 – Beatrice Wood, American artist and ceramist (b. 1893)
  • 1998 – Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Morton Downey, Jr., American television talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Robert Ludlum, American author (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Spyros Kyprianou, Cypriot politician (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Jean-Paul Riopelle, Quebec painter and sculptor (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Zoran Ðindic, Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Howard Fast, American author (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Andrei Kivilev, Kazakh cyclist (b. 1973)
  • 2003 – Lynne Thigpen, American actress (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Bill Cameron, Canadian journalist (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Stavros Koujioumtzis, Greek songwriter (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Victor Sokolov, Russian dissident journalist and priest (b. 1947)
  • 2008 – Lazare Ponticelli, the last “poilu”, French soldier of World War First, dies at 110 (b. 1897)

March 12 – Holidays:

  • Faroe Islands – Grækarismessa (Mass of St. Gregor): According to tradition, the oystercatcher, the Faroes’ national bird returns this day. This event is celebrated in the capital, Tórshavn.
  • Mauritius – National Day.
  • Ancient Latvia – Gregoru Diena observed.
  • Arbor Day in People’s Republic of China and Taiwan.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • St. Theophanes the Confessor
    • St. Maximilian
    • St. Fina

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On This Day in History March 11

March 11 – Events:

  • 1425 BC – Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).
  • 928 – Trpimir II succeeds to the Croatian throne.
  • 1387 – The Battle of Castagnaro begins.
  • 1649 – The Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
  • 1702 – The first regular English language newspaper, The Daily Courant, is published in London,
  • 1708 – Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
  • 1779 – Army Corps of Engineers for the United States is authorized by Congress.
  • 1801 – Paul I of Russia is assassinated, leading the way for his son Alexander I to accede the throne.
  • 1824 – The United States War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • 1845 – The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Maoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
  • 1845 – British baker Henry Jones invents self-raising flour.
  • 1848 – Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
  • 1851 – The first performance of Rigoletto, written by Verdi.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The Constitution of the Confederate States of America is adopted.
  • 1864 – The Great Sheffield Flood: The largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.
  • 1867 – The first performance of Don Carlos written by Verdi.
  • 1872 – Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
  • 1872 – The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
  • 1888 – The Great Blizzard of 1888 begins along the eastern seaboard of the United States, shutting down commerce and killing more than 400.
  • 1897 – A meteorite enters the earth’s atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: Boer leader Paul Kruger’s peace overtures are rejected by Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Lord Salisbury.
  • 1912 – Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.
  • 1917 – World War I: Baghdad falls to the Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Stanley Maude.
  • 1918 – Bolshevist Russia moves the national capital from Petrograd to Moscow.
  • 1918 – First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu are observed at Fort Riley, Kansas.
  • 1927 – In New York City, Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens the Roxy Theatre.
  • 1931 – Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • 1936 – British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin pardons five convicted Irish militants who promise to join growing conflict with Germany.
  • 1941 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law, allowing American-built war supplies to be shipped to the Allies on loan.
  • 1942 – World War II: General Douglas MacArthur abandons Corregidor.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy attempts a large-scale kamikaze attack on the U.S. Pacific fleet anchored at Ulithi atoll in Operation Tan No. 2.
  • 1966 – Supersemar: President Sukarno of Indonesia is forced to give up his executive power.
  • 1966 – A fire at two ski resorts in Numata, Japan kills 31 people.
  • 1977 – The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: more than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims are set free after ambassadors from three Islamic nations join negotiations.
  • 1978 – Nine Palestinian Al Fatah guerrillas hijack a bus in Israel, killing 34 civilians and wounding 70 before being killed by security forces.
  • 1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the Soviet Union’s leader.
  • 1988 – Iran-Iraq War: Iran and Iraq agree to stop attacking civilian centers.
  • 1990 – Lithuania declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.
  • 1990 – Patricio Aylwin is sworn-in as the first democratically elected Chilean president since 1970.
  • 1991 – A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa after fighting between rival political gangs kills 49.
  • 1993 – Janet Reno is confirmed by the United States Senate and sworn-in the next day, becoming the first female Attorney General of the United States.
  • 1996 – The EU Database Directive is passed.
  • 1996 – John Winston Howard becomes the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. His term in office is the second longest in Australian history, ending on December 3, 2007.
  • 2003 – The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.
  • 2004 – Madrid Train Bombings: Simultaneous explosions on rush hour trains in Madrid, Spain, kill 192 people.
  • 2006 – Michelle Bachelet is inaugurated as first female president of Chile.

March 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1544 – Torquato Tasso, Italian poet (d. 1595)
  • 1725 – Henry Benedict Stuart, pretender to the throne of Great Britain (d. 1807)
  • 1785 – John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1861)
  • 1787 – Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (d. 1852)
  • 1811 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1818 – Marius Petipa, French ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 1910)
  • 1822 – Joseph Louis François Bertrand, French mathematician (d. 1900)
  • 1863 – Andrew Stoddart, English cricketer (d. 1915)
  • 1873 – David Horsley, English-born film executive (d. 1933)
  • 1876 – Carl Ruggles, American composer (d. 1971)
  • 1870 – Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
  • 1880 – Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
  • 1884 – Lewi Pethrus, Swedish politician (d. 1974)
  • 1885 – Malcolm Campbell, English race car driver (d. 1948)
  • 1887 – Raoul Walsh, American film director (d. 1980)
  • 1890 – Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1897 – Henry Cowell, American composer, musical theorist, pianist, teacher, publisher, and  impresario (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Dorothy Gish, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1899 – Frederick IX of Denmark, Danish King (d. 1972)
  • 1903 – Ronald Syme, New Zealand classicist and historian (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Lawrence Welk, American musician (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Jessie Matthews, English actress (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Robert Havemann, German chemist (d. 1982)
  • 1915 – Vijay Hazare, Indian cricketer (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Hans Peter Keller, German writer (d. 1988)
  • 1915 – J. C. R. Licklider, American computer scientist and Internet pioneer (d. 1990)
  • 1916 – Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Ezra Jack Keats, children’s literature author (d. 1983)
  • 1920 – Nicolaas Bloembergen, Dutch physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1921 – Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Ástor Piazzolla, Argentine composer (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – José Luis López Vázquez, Spanish actor
  • 1926 – Reverend Ralph Abernathy, American civil rights leader (d. 1990)
  • 1926 – Ilhan Mimaroglu, Turkish musician and composer
  • 1927 – Robert Mosbacher, 28 United States Secretary of Commerce
  • 1928 – Albert Salmi, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1929 – Timothy Carey, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1930 – Claude Jutra, Quebec film actor and director (d. 1986)
  • 1931 – Rupert Murdoch, Australian-born entrepreneur
  • 1932 – Leroy Jenkins, American composer and violinist (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Sam Donaldson, American reporter
  • 1935 – Sandra Milo, Italian actress
  • 1936 – Antonin Scalia, American Supreme Court Justice
  • 1937 – Carlos Larrañaga, Spanish actor
  • 1939 – Lorraine Hunt, former Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
  • 1939 – Flaco Jiménez, American musician
  • 1940 – Alberto Cortez, Argentinian singer
  • 1942 – Charles Swan, American actor
  • 1945 – Dock Ellis, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Harvey Mandel, American musician
  • 1947 – Tristan Murail, French composer
  • 1948 – Roy Barnes, 80 Governor of Georgia
  • 1948 – César Gerónimo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1948 – Dominique Sanda, French actress
  • 1950 – Bobby McFerrin, American singer
  • 1950 – Jerry Zucker, American director
  • 1952 – Douglas Adams, English writer (d. 2001)
  • 1953 – Bernie LaBarge, Canadian musician
  • 1954 – Gale Norton, 48 United States Secretary of the Interior
  • 1955 – Nina Hagen, German singer
  • 1956 – Joey Buttafuoco, American statutory rapist
  • 1956 – D. J. MacHale, American author and television writer
  • 1956 – Rob Paulsen, American voice actor
  • 1956 – Helen Rollason, British sports journalist and television presenter (d. 1999)
  • 1957 – Lady Chablis, American entertainer
  • 1957 – Cheryl Lynn, American singer
  • 1958 – Anissa Jones, American actress (d. 1976)
  • 1958 – Jim Pinkerton, American pundit
  • 1958 – Flemming Rose, Danish journalist
  • 1958 – Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, interim President of Iraq
  • 1959 – Nina Hartley, American porn star
  • 1960 – Christophe Gans, French film director
  • 1961 – Elias Koteas, Canadian actor
  • 1962 – Jeffrey Nordling, American actor
  • 1963 – Alex Kingston, English actress
  • 1964 – Peter Berg, American film actor, director and producer
  • 1964 – Vinnie Paul, American drummer (Pantera)
  • 1964 – Shane Richie, British actor
  • 1965 – Nigel Adkins, English football manager
  • 1965 – Jesse Jackson, Jr., American politician
  • 1965 – Wallace Langham, American actor
  • 1965 – Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen, British television presenter
  • 1967 – John Barrowman, Scottish-American actor
  • 1967 – Brad Carson, American politician
  • 1968 – Lisa Loeb, American singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Terrence Howard, American actor
  • 1969 – Soraya, Colombian-American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1970 – Delia Gallagher, American journalist
  • 1971 – Johnny Knoxville, American television personality
  • 1971 – Martin Rucinský, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Martin Hiden, Austrian footballer
  • 1974 – Bobby Abreu, Major League Baseball player
  • 1974 – Jon Dalton, the infamous “Jonny Fairplay” from the 7th and 16th season of Survivor
  • 1975 – Eric the Midget, American radio personality
  • 1976 – Thomas Gravesen, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Becky Hammon , WNBA player
  • 1978 – Didier Drogba, Ivory Coast footballer
  • 1978 – Albert Luque, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Christopher Rice, American author
  • 1979 – Elton Brand, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Fred Jones, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Benji Madden, American guitarist (Good Charlotte)
  • 1979 – Joel Madden, American singer (Good Charlotte)
  • 1980 – Paul Scharner, Austrian footballer
  • 1980 – Dan Uggla, American baseball player
  • 1981 – David Anders, American actor
  • 1981 – Heidi Cortez, American erotic broadcaster
  • 1981 – Lee Evans, National Football League player
  • 1981 – Russell Lissack, English musician (Bloc Party)
  • 1981 – LeToya Luckett, American singer (ex-Destiny’s Child)
  • 1981 – Paul Wall, American rapper
  • 1982 – Brian Anderson, Major League Baseball player
  • 1982 – Thora Birch, American actress
  • 1982 – Lindsey McKeon, American actress
  • 1984 – Marc-André Grondin, French Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Tom James, British rower
  • 1984 – Anna Tsuchiya, Japanese model, actress and singer
  • 1985 – Derek Schouman, National Football League tight end
  • 1985 – Nikolai Topor-Stanley, Australian soccer player
  • 1987 – Marc-Andre Gragnani, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Anton Yelchin, Russian-born actor

March 11 – Deaths:

  • 222 – Elagabalus, Roman Emperor
  • 222 – Julia Soaemias, mother of Elagabalus (b. 180)
  • 859 – Eulogius of Cordoba, Spanish Bishop and Christian Martyr
  • 1198 – Marie de Champagne, daughter of Louis VII of France (b. 1145)
  • 1486 – Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg (b. 1414)
  • 1514 – Donato Bramante, Italian architect (b. 1444)
  • 1575 – Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (b. 1520)
  • 1602 – Emilio de’ Cavalieri, Italian composer
  • 1607 – Giovanni Maria Nanino, Italian composer
  • 1722 – John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)
  • 1759 – John Forbes, British general (b. 1710)
  • 1786 – Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1714)
  • 1801 – Paul I of Russia, Russian tsar (b. 1754)
  • 1820 – Benjamin West, English-American painter (b. 1738)
  • 1847 – Johnny Appleseed, American pioneer agronomist (b. 1774)
  • 1851 – George McDuffie, Governor of South Carolina (b. 1790)
  • 1854 – Willard Richards, American religious leader (b. 1804)
  • 1856 – James Beatty, Irish railway engineer (b. 1820)
  • 1863 – Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)
  • 1869 – Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1803)
  • 1870 – King Moshoeshoe I of Lesotho
  • 1874 – Charles Sumner, American politician (b. 1811)
  • 1898 – William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
  • 1907 – Jean Casimir-Perier, French politician (b. 1847)
  • 1908 – Revd Benjamin Waugh, American activist (b. 1839)
  • 1920 – Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • 1931 – F.W. Murnau, German film director (b. 1888)
  • 1937 – Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (b. 1860)
  • 1944 – Hendrik Willem van Loon, Dutch-born American historian (b. 1882)
  • 1952 – Pierre Renoir, French stage and film actor and director (b. 1885)
  • 1955 – Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1955 – Oscar Mayer, Bavarian-born American meat packer (b. 1859)
  • 1957 – Admiral Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1958 – Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor of Legos (b. 1891)
  • 1960 – Roy Chapman Andrews, American explorer and adventurer (b. 1884)
  • 1967 – Geraldine Farrar, American soprano (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – John Wyndham, English author (b. 1903)
  • 1970 – Erle Stanley Gardner, American novelist (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Philo T. Farnsworth, American television pioneer (b. 1906)
  • 1971 – Whitney Young, American civil rights leader (b. 1921)
  • 1977 – Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist (b. 1893)
  • 1977 – Alberto Rodriguez Larreta, Argentine racing driver (b. 1934)
  • 1978 – Claude François, French singer (b. 1939)
  • 1982 – Edmund Cooper, English author (b. 1926)
  • 1982 – Horace Gregory, American poet (b. 1898)
  • 1984 – Kostas Roukounas, Greek rembetiko singer and song writer (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Sonny Terry, American blues musician (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Joe Gladwin, English actor (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – James Kee, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – John J. McCloy, United States Secretary of War (b. 1895)
  • 1990 – Dean Horrix, English footballer (b. 1961)
  • 1992 – Richard Brooks, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Dino Bravo, Italian-born professional wrestler (b. 1949)
  • 1996 – Vince Edwards, American film actor and director (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Camille Laurin, Quebec psychiatrist and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Brian Cleeve, Irish author (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Ivar Hansen, speaker of the Danish Folketing (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Bernie “Boom Boom” Geoffrion, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Slobodan Miloševic, President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Betty Hutton, American actress and singer (b. 1921)

March 11-Holidays

  • United States – Johnny Appleseed Day.
  • Lithuania – Reestablishment of Lithuania’s Independence.
  • Lesotho – Moshoeshoe Day.
  • Zambia – Youth Day.
  • Saint Vindician
  • Blessed John Righi
  • Saint Alberta
  • Saint Aurea

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On This Day in History March 10

March 10 – Events:

  • 241 BC – First Punic War: Battle of the AegatesIslands – The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.
  • 1629 – Charles I of England dissolves Parliament, starting the Eleven Years Tyranny in which there was no parliament.
  • 1735 – An agreement between Nadir Shah and Paul I of Russia is signed near Ganja and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku.
  • 1801 – First census in Great Britain
  • 1804 – Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the LouisianaTerritory from France to the United States.
  • 1814 – Napoleon I of France is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.
  • 1830 – The KNIL also known as the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.
  • 1831 – The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.
  • 1848 – The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the United States Senate, ending the Mexican-American War.
  • 1861 – El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Red River Campaign begins as Union troops reach Alexandria, Louisiana.
  • 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful telephone call.
  • 1880 – Members of the Salvation Army land in the United States and begin operations.
  • 1891 – Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
  • 1893 – Côte d’Ivoire becomes a French colony.
  • 1902 – Second Boer War: South African Boers win their last battle over British forces, with the capture of a British general and 200 of his men.
  • 1902 – A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera.
  • 1905 – Eleftherios Venizelos asks the independence of Crete and its union with Greece again, starting the Cretan Revolution in Theriso.
  • 1906 – The Courrières mine disaster, Europe’s worst ever, kills 1099 miners in Northern France.
  • 1912 – Yuan Shikai is sworn in as the second Provisional President of the Republic of China.
  • 1917 – Batangas was formally founded as one of the Philippines’s earliest encomiendas.
  • 1922 – Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in India, tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison, although he is released after two years in February 1924 after an operation for appendicitis.
  • 1933 – An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 120 people.
  • 1948 – The Indian Union Muslim League is founded, by remnants of the old Muslim League.
  • 1951 – Henri Queuille becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1952 – Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba.
  • 1959 – Tibet leads an unsuccessful uprising against ten years of Chinese occupation in Lhasa. Thousands are massacred by the occupying Chinese army.
  • 1969 – In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King Jr. He would later retract his guilty plea.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Me Thuot, South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon.
  • 1975 – Sanyo Shinkansen open between Osaka and Fukuoka.
  • 1977 – Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover rings around Uranus.
  • 1982 – The United States places an embargo on Libyan petroleum imports because of their support of terrorist groups.
  • 1982 – Syzygy: all 9 planets align on the same side of the Sun.
  • 1987 – The Holy See condemns the practice of surrogate motherhood, along with test tube babies and artificial insemination.
  • 1990 – In Haiti, Prosper Avril is ousted 18 months after seizing power in a coup.
  • 2000 – The NASDAQ Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom.
  • 2006 – The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.

March 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1415 – Vasili II of Russia (d. 1462)
  • 1452 – Ferdinand II of Aragon (d. 1516)
  • 1503 – Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1564)
  • 1536 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, English politician (d. 1572)
  • 1628 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (d. 1694)
  • 1709 – Georg Steller, German naturalist (d. 1746)
  • 1749 – Lorenzo da Ponte, Italian librettist (d. 1838)
  • 1769 – Joseph Williamson, English philanthropist and tunnel builder (d. 1840)
  • 1772 – Friedrich von Schlegel, German aesthetician (d. 1829)
  • 1776 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen consort of Prussia (d. 1810)
  • 1787 – William Etty, English painter (d. 1849)
  • 1788 – Joseph von Eichendorff, German writer (d. 1857)
  • 1810 – Samuel Ferguson, Irish poet (d. 1886)
  • 1842 – Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (d. 1912)
  • 1844 – Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist (d. 1908)
  • 1845 – Alexander III of Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1847 – Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragist (d. 1934)
  • 1850 – Spencer Gore, British tennis player and cricketer (d. 1906)
  • 1880 – Broncho Billy Anderson, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1887 – Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Grandmaster of Ninjutsu (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Barry Fitzgerald, Irish actor (d. 1961)
  • 1892 – Arthur Honegger, French-born Swiss composer (d. 1955)
  • 1892 – Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)
  • 1899 – Robert Meier, German WW1 veteran, formerly Germany’s oldest man. (d. 2007)
  • 1903 – Bix Beiderbecke, American musician (d. 1931)
  • 1905 – Betty Amann, German-American actress. (d. 1990)
  • 1905 – Richard Haydn, English actor (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Harry Bertoia, Italian artist (d. 1978)
  • 1915 – Sir Charles Groves, English conductor(d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot
  • 1917 – Frank Perconte, American sergeant from Easy Company during WWII.
  • 1919 – Marion Hutton, American singer (d. 1987)
  • 1920 – Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet’s Coffee & Tea  (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Boris Vian, French writer and musician (d. 1959)
  • 1923 – Val Logsdon Fitch, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1925 – Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – James Earl Ray, American assassin (d. 1998)
  • 1928 – Sara Montiel, Spanish actress and singer
  • 1931 – Georges Dor, Quebec author, playwright, singer and songwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Sepp Blatter, Swiss hockey and football official
  • 1937 – Joe Viterelli, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Marina Vlady, French actress
  • 1940 – Chuck Norris, American actor and martial artist
  • 1940 – Dean Torrence, American singer (Jan and Dean)
  • 1945 – Birgitta Sellén, Swedish politician
  • 1946 – Jim Valvano, American basketball coach (d. 1993)
  • 1946 – Mike Hollands, Australian animator
  • 1946 – Hiroshi Fushida, Japanese racing driver
  • 1947 – Kim Campbell, 19th Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1947 – Paul Condon, Baron Condon, former Commissioner of The Metropolitan Police
  • 1947 – Bob Greene, American journalist
  • 1947 – Tom Scholz, American songwriter 7 band leader (Boston)
  • 1948 – Richard Park (broadcaster), British Media Consultant and Broadcaster
  • 1952 – Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe politician
  • 1953 – Paul Haggis, Canadian film director
  • 1955 – Youssra, Egyptian actress and singer
  • 1955 – Toshio Suzuki, Japanese racing driver
  • 1956 – Mitchell Lichtenstein, American actor; son of Roy Lichtenstein
  • 1957 – Shannon Tweed, Canadian actress and model
  • 1957 – Jim White, American folk singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Steve Howe, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1958 – Sharon Stone, American actress
  • 1960 – Anne MacKenzie, journalist and broadcaster
  • 1961 – Laurel Clark, physician and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1961 – Mitch Gaylord, American gymnast
  • 1961 – Bobby Petrino, American football coach
  • 1961 – Pam Oliver, American sportscaster
  • 1962 – Seiko Matsuda, Japanese pop singer
  • 1963 – Jeff Ament, American musician (Pearl Jam)
  • 1963 – Rick Rubin, American record producer
  • 1964 – Neneh Cherry, Swedish musician
  • 1964 – Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
  • 1964 – David Faber, American television reporter
  • 1964 – Jasmine Guy, American actress
  • 1965 – Rod Woodson, American football player
  • 1966 – Edie Brickell, American singer
  • 1966 – Gráinne Mulvey, Irish composer
  • 1966 – Mike Timlin, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Felice Arena, Australian children’s author
  • 1968 – Shoichi Funaki, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Thio Li-ann, Singaporean law academic and Nominated Member of Parliament
  • 1969 – Paget Brewster, American actress
  • 1971 – Steve Arnold, British racing driver
  • 1971 – Jon Hamm, American actor
  • 1971 – Timbaland, American rapper
  • 1972 – Takashi Fujii, Japanese television performer
  • 1972 – Matt Kenseth, American race car driver
  • 1972 – Paraskevi Tsiamita, Greek triple jumper
  • 1973 – Eva Herzigova, Czech model
  • 1973 – Chris Sutton, English footballer
  • 1973 – Mauricio Taricco, Argentine footballer
  • 1973 – John LeCompt, American guitarist
  • 1974 – Hugo Ferreira, American rock musician
  • 1975 – Lyne Bessette, Quebec professional bicycle racer
  • 1976 – Haifa Wehbe, Lebanese actress, model and singer
  • 1977 – Peter Enckelman, Finnish footballer
  • 1977 – Shannon Miller, American gymnast and Olympic gold medalist
  • 1977 – Colin Murray, British radio DJ
  • 1977 – Bree Turner, American dancer and actress
  • 1977 – Matt Rubano, American musician (Taking Back Sunday)
  • 1977 – Robin Thicke, American singer
  • 1978 – Ben Burnley, American musician (Breaking Benjamin)
  • 1981 – Samuel Eto’o, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1981 – Efthimios Kouloucheris, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Steven Reid, English-born footballer
  • 1982 – Timo Glock, German racing car driver
  • 1982 – Katharine Isabelle, Canadian actress
  • 1983 – Carrie Underwood, American singer
  • 1983 – Reena Virk, Canadian murder victim (d. 1997)
  • 1984 – Ben May, English footballer
  • 1984 – Olivia Wilde, American actress
  • 1985 – Lassana Diarra, French footballer
  • 1985 – Casey Dienel, American singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Kim Leclerc, Canadian politician
  • 1992 – Emily Osment, American actress and singer

March 10 – Deaths:

  • 1291 – Arghun, Persian ruler
  • 1510 – Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (b. 1445)
  • 1513 – John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, English commander (b. 1443)
  • 1549 – Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, English politician and diplomat
  • 1584 – Thomas Norton, English politician and writer (b. 1532)
  • 1585 – Rembert Dodoens, Flemish physician and botanist (b. 1517)
  • 1588 – Theodor Zwinger, Swiss scholar (b. 1533)
  • 1669 – John Denham, English poet (b. 1615)
  • 1670 – Johann Rudolf Glauber, German chemist (b. 1604)
  • 1776 – Élie Catherine Fréron, French critic (b. 1719)
  • 1776 – Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (b. 1701)
  • 1792 – John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1713)
  • 1832 – Muzio Clementi, Italian composer (b. 1752)
  • 1861 – Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet (b. 1814)
  • 1872 – Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian politician (b. 1805)
  • 1895 – Charles Frederick Worth, English-born couturier (b. 1826)
  • 1910 – Karl Lueger, mayor of Vienna (b. 1844)
  • 1910 – Carl Reinecke, German pianist, conductor and composer (b. 1824)
  • 1913 – Harriet Tubman, American abolitionist (b. 1820)
  • 1937 – Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1940 – Mikhaïl Boulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  • 1942 – William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1948 – Zelda Fitzgerald, American artist, wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (b. 1900)
  • 1948 – Jan Masaryk, Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia (b. 1886)
  • 1949 – James Rector, American athlete (b. 1884)
  • 1950 – Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1951 – Kijuro Shidehara, Prime minister of Japan (b. 1872)
  • 1966 – Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Yiorgos Batis, Greek composer and musician (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – Vasilis Avlonitis, Greek actor (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Eugene ‘Bull’ Connor, American segregationist (b. 1897)
  • 1977 – E. Power Biggs, English-born American organist (b. 1906)
  • 1984 – June Marlowe, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Konstantin Chernenko, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – Bob Nieman, American baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 1986 – Ray Milland, British actor (b. 1905)
  • 1988 – Andy Gibb, English-born singer (b. 1958)
  • 1999 – Oswaldo Guayasamin, Ecuadorian paintor and sculptor (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Giorgos Zampetas, Greek composer and musician (b. 1925)
  • 1994 – Abdelkader Alloula, Algerian playwright (assassinated) (b. 1929)
  • 1996 – Ross Hunter, American film producer (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – La Vern Baker, American singer (b. 1929)
  • 1998 – Lloyd Bridges, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Massimo Morsello, Italian musician and far right activist (b. 1958)
  • 2003 – Barry Sheene, British motorcycle racer (b. 1950)
  • 2005 – Dave Allen, Irish comedian (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Danny Joe Brown, American singer (Molly Hatchet) (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Anna Moffo, American soprano (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Richard Jeni, American comedian (b. 1957)
  • 2007 – Ernie Ladd, American football player and professional wrestler (b. 1938)

March 10 – Holidays:

  • Saint Himelin
  • Saint John Ogilvie
  • Saint Macharius
  • Saint Anastasia
  • Tibetan Uprising Day

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On This Day in History March 9

March 9 – Events:

  • 590 – Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia.
  • 1230 – Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa.
  • 1276 – Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City.
  • 1500 – The fleet of Pedro Alvares Cabral leaves Lisbon for the Indies. The fleet will discover the sea route to Brazil, already Portuguese since the treaty of Tordesillas in 1494.
  • 1566 – David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1765 – After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.
  • 1776 – Publication of the economics book The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith.
  • 1796 – Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais.
  • 1834 – French Foreign Legion is founded.
  • 1841 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Amistad case, concerning captive Africans who seized control of the slave-trading ship carrying them: the court rules that they had been taken into slavery illegally.
  • 1842 – Giuseppe Verdi’s third opera Nabucco premieres in Milan; its success establishes Verdi as one of Italy’s foremost opera writers.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico near Vera Cruz.
  • 1856 – Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The first battle between two ironclad warships, a five-hour battle near Hampton Roads, Virginia between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, results in a draw.
  • 1896 – Prime Minister Francesco Crispi resigns following the Italian defeat at the Battle of Adowa.
  • 1908 – Inter Milan is founded.
  • 1910 – The Westmoreland County Coal Strike, involving 15,000 coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers, begins.
  • 1916 – Pancho Villa leads 1,500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17.
  • 1924 – Italy annexes Fiume.
  • 1925 – Pink’s War, the first RAF operation conducted independently of the Army or Navy, begins.
  • 1932 – The first Ford Flathead engine leaves the assembly line at Ford Motor Company.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: The United States Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation. President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to the Congress.
  • 1935 – Adolf Hitler announces the creation of a new air force.
  • 1945 – World War II: Bombing of Tokyo – American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan with incendiary bombs. The resulting fire storm kills over 100,000 people. The attack begins March 9 and continues into March 10.
  • 1954 – McCarthyism: CBS television broadcasts the See It Now episode, “A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy,” produced by Fred Friendly.
  • 1957 – The magnitude 8.6 1957 Andreanof Islands Earthquake and tsunami occurs.
  • 1959 – The Barbie doll debuts.
  • 1967 – Josef Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva defects to the United States.
  • 1975 – Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • 1976 – Forty-two people die in a Cavalese cable-car disaster, the worst cable-car accident to date.
  • 1977 – The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims take over three buildings in Washington, D.C., killing one person and taking more than 130 hostages. The hostage situation ends two days later.
  • 1984 – The Competitive Enterprise Institute in founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1986 – United States Navy divers find the largely intact but heavily-damaged crew compartment of the Space Shuttle Challenger. The bodies of all seven astronauts were still inside.
  • 1989 – A strike forces financially-troubled Eastern Air Lines into bankruptcy.
  • 1990 – Dr. Antonia Novello is sworn in as Surgeon General of the United States, becoming the first female and Hispanic American to serve in that position.
  • 1990 – Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, Clyde Wells confirms he will rescind Newfoundland and Labrador’s approval of the Meech Lake Accord to amend Canada’s constitution, effectively killing the Accord.
  • 1991 – Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Miloševic in Belgrade. Two people are killed and tanks are in the streets.
  • 1993 – Rodney King testifies at the federal trial of four Los Angeles, California police officers accused of violating King’s civil rights when they beat him during an arrest.
  • 2006 – Liquid water is discovered on Enceladus, the sixth largest moon of Saturn.

March 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1213 – Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (d. 1271)
  • 1285 – Emperor Go-Nijo of Japan (d. 1318)
  • 1454 – Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer and cartographer (d. 1512)
  • 1564 – David Fabricius, German astronomer (d. 1617)
  • 1568 – Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (d. 1591)
  • 1629 – Tsar Alexis I of Russia (d. 1676)
  • 1720 – Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (d. 1790)
  • 1737 – Josef Myslivecek, Czech composer (d. 1781)
  • 1749 – Honore Mirabeau, French writer and politician (d. 1791)
  • 1753 – Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (d. 1800)
  • 1758 – Franz Joseph Gall, German neuroscientist (d. 1828)
  • 1763 – William Cobbett, English journalist and author (d. 1835)
  • 1806 – Edwin Forrest, American actor and philanthropist (d. 1872)
  • 1814 – Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet (d. 1861)
  • 1815 – David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1886)
  • 1820 – Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1893)
  • 1825 – Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)
  • 1839 – Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (d. 1908)
  • 1856 – Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (d. 1928)
  • 1887 – Phil Mead, English cricketeer (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)
  • 1890 – Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician (d. 1986)
  • 1892 – Vita Sackville-West, English writer and gardener (d. 1962)
  • 1894 – Frank Arnau, German writer (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (d. 1948)
  • 1902 – Will Geer, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Derk Bodde, American sinologist (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Samuel Barber, American composer (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Johnnie Johnson, British fighter pilot (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – George Lincoln Rockwell, founder and leader of the American Nazi Party (d. 1967)
  • 1918 – Mickey Spillane, American writer (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Carl Betz, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1921 – Dimitris Horn, Greek actor (d. 1998)
  • 1923 – Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 1928 – Gerald Bull, Canadian long range artillery designer (d. 1990)
  • 1929 – Desmond Hoyte, Prime Minister and President of Guyana (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Ornette Coleman, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1931 – Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Keely Smith, American singer
  • 1932 – Walter Mercado, Puerto Rican astrologist and actor
  • 1933 – Mel Lastman, Canadian politician
  • 1933 – Lloyd Price, American singer
  • 1934 – Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1968)
  • 1934 – Del Close, American actor, improviser, writer, and teacher (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Marlene Streit, Canadian golfer
  • 1934 – Joyce Van Patten, American actress
  • 1935 – Andrew Viterbi, American telecommunications scientist and businessman
  • 1936 – Tom Sestak, American football player (d. 1987)
  • 1936 – Mickey Gilley, American musician and singer
  • 1937 – Bernard Landry, Premier of Quebec from 2001-2003
  • 1937 – Brian Redman, English racing driver
  • 1938 – Lill-Babs, Swedish singer
  • 1940 – Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (d. 1976)
  • 1942 – John Cale, Welsh musician (The Velvet Underground)
  • 1942 – Mark Lindsay, American singer/musician (Paul Revere & The Raiders)
  • 1943 – Bobby Fischer, American chess player (d. 2008)
  • 1943 – Charles Gibson, American television journalist
  • 1943 – Trish Van Devere, American actress
  • 1945 – Robert Calvert, English singer (Hawkwind) (d. 1988)
  • 1945 – Dennis Rader, American serial killer
  • 1945 – Robin Trower, British rock musician
  • 1946 – Jim Cregan, British rock musician
  • 1947 – Keri Hulme, New Zealandic writer
  • 1948 – Jeffrey Osborne, American singer
  • 1948 – Emma Bonino, Italian politician
  • 1949 – Tapani Kansa, Finnish singer
  • 1950 – Doug Ault, baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1950 – Danny Sullivan, American race car driver
  • 1951 – Michael Kinsley, American journalist and editor
  • 1951 – Helen Zille, South African politician
  • 1954 – Bobby Sands, IRA member (d. 1981)
  • 1955 – Teo Fabi, Italian racing driver
  • 1955 – Ornella Muti, Italian actress
  • 1956 – Shashi Tharoor, Indian author & United Nations Under-Secretary General
  • 1956 – David Willetts, UK Shadow Secretary for Education (Conservative)
  • 1957 – Mark Mancina, American composer
  • 1957 – Faith Daniels, American journalist
  • 1957 – Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician
  • 1958 – Martin Fry, English pop singer (ABC)
  • 1958 – Jack Kenny, American television writer and producer
  • 1960 – Linda Fiorentino, American actress
  • 1961 – Mike Leach, American college football coach
  • 1961 – Robert Rechsteiner, US professional wrestler (Rick Steiner)
  • 1961 – Camryn Manheim, American actress
  • 1962 – Jan Furtok, Polish footballer
  • 1963 – Sean Salisbury, American football player
  • 1963 – Terry Mulholland, American baseball player
  • 1963 – David Pogue, Technology columnist and musician
  • 1964 – Juliette Binoche, French actress
  • 1964 – Phil Housley, American ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Herbert Fandel, German football referee
  • 1965 – Brian Bosworth, American football player
  • 1965 – Benito Santiago, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1966 – Brendan Canty, American musician (Fugazi)
  • 1966 – Tony Lockett, Australian Rules Footballer
  • 1966 – Michael Patrick MacDonald, American memorist
  • 1968 – Youri Djorkaeff, French footballer
  • 1968 – Johnny Kelly, American drummer (Type O Negative)
  • 1969 – Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Stefie Shock, Quebec singer and songwriter
  • 1970 – Martin Johnson, English rugby player
  • 1970 – Shannon Leto, American drummer and occasional actor (30 Seconds to Mars)
  • 1971 – Emmanuel Lewis, American actor
  • 1971 – C Miller, American rapper
  • 1971 – Diego Torres, Argentine singer
  • 1972 – Spencer Howson, Australian radio broadcaster
  • 1972 – Kerr Smith, American actor
  • 1973 – Aaron Boone, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Roy Makaay, Dutch footballer
  • 1975 – Juan Sebastián Verón, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Thor Halvorssen, human rights activist
  • 1976 – Ben Mulroney, Canadian television host
  • 1977 – Yamila Diaz, Argentine supermodel
  • 1977 – Radek Dvorák, Czech hockey player
  • 1978 – Lucas Neill, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Chingy, American rapper
  • 1979 – Melina Perez, WWE Diva
  • 1980 – Matthew Gray Gubler, American actor, film director, sketch artist, and former fashion model.
  • 1981 – Antonio Bryant, American football player
  • 1981 – Anders Nøhr, Danish footballer
  • 1981 – Clay Rapada, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Paul Ballard, English television presenter
  • 1983 – Clint Dempsey, American footballer
  • 1983 – Maite Perroni, singer in the Latin pop group RBD
  • 1983 – Wayne Simien, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Julia Mancuso, American Olympic gold medalist
  • 1986 – Brittany Snow, American actress
  • 1987 – Bow Wow, American rapper and actor

March 9 – Deaths:

  • 1202 – King Sverre of Norway
  • 1422 – Jan Zelivsky, Hussite priest (b. 1380)
  • 1440 – St Frances of Rome, Italian nun (b. 1384)
  • 1566 – David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary I of Scotland (b. 1533)
  • 1649 – James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
  • 1649 – Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier (executed) (b. 1590)
  • 1661 – Jules Cardinal Mazarin, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1602)
  • 1709 – Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, English diplomat
  • 1808 – Joseph Bonomi the Elder, architect (b. 1739)
  • 1851 – Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist (b. 1777)
  • 1888 – William I, German Emperor (b. 1797)
  • 1897 – Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (b. 1825)
  • 1937 – Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist (b. 1864)
  • 1954 – Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)
  • 1954 – V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (b. 1874)
  • 1960 – Jack Beattie, Northern Irish politician (b. 1886)
  • 1964 – Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (b. 1870)
  • 1966 – Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (b. 1924)
  • 1971 – Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria, Coptic Orthodox Patriarch (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1975 – Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (b. 1888)
  • 1983 – Faye Emerson, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1983 – Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Robert Mapplethorpe, American artist (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (b. 1943)
  • 1992 – Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – C. Northcote Parkinson, British historian and writer (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Bob Crosby, American bandleader and vocalist (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Charles Bukowski, American writer (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Fernando Rey, Spanish-born actor (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Eddie Creatchman, Canadian wrestler manager (b. 1928)
  • 1996 – George Burns, American actor and singer (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper (b. 1972)
  • 1999 – Harry Somers, Canadian composer (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Ivo Robic, Croatian singer and songwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Albert Mol, Dutch actor (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Dr. Gerald Deskin, Ph.D., clinical child psychologist (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (b. 1954)
  • 2004 – Rust Epique, former CrazyTown guitarist (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – Chris LeDoux, American country singer (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – István Nyers, Hungarian footballer (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler; aka Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – John Profumo, British cabinet minister (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Geir Ivarsøy, Norwegian programmer, co-founder of Opera Software ASA (b. 1957)
  • 2007 – Brad Delp, American singer (Boston) (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Glen Harmon, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Jeanne Hopkins Lucas, North Carolina politician (b. unknown)

March 9 – Holidays:

  • Belize – Baron Bliss Day.
  • Catholicism Feast day of:
    • Saint Gregory of Nyssa
    • Saint Frances of Rome
    • Forty Martyrs of Sebaste

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On This Day in History March 8

March 8 – Events:

  • 1618 – Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion.
  • 1702 – Anne Stuart, the sister of the childless Mary II, becomes Queen regnant of England,  Scotland, and Ireland after the death of William III of Orange.
  • 1765 – The British House of Lords passes the Stamp Act to tax the American colonies.
  • 1775 – Thomas Paine’s “African Slavery in America” was published. It was the first article in the United States calling for the emancipation of all slaves and the abolition of slavery.
  • 1817 – The New York Stock Exchange is founded.
  • 1844 – King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1854 – U.S. Commodore Matthew C. Perry makes his second landing in Japan, where he would conclude a treaty with the Japanese within a month.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The iron-clad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) is launched at Hampton Roads, Virginia.
  • 1884 – Susan B. Anthony addresses the U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote. Anthony’s argument came 16 years after legislators had first introduced a federal women’s suffrage amendment.
  • 1894 – The state of New York enacts the nation’s first dog-licensing law.
  • 1911 – International Women’s Day is launched in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Clara Zetkin, leader of the Women’s Office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany.
  • 1917 – Riots and strikes break out in St. Petersburg, Russia, marking the start of the Russian Revolution.
  • 1917 – The U.S. Senate votes to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.
  • 1921 – Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • 1924 – The Castle Gate mine disaster kills 172 coal miners near Castle Gate, Utah.
  • 1936 – The first stock car race is held in Daytona Beach, Florida.
  • 1939 – J.R.R. Tolkien delivers his seminal talk “On Fairy Stories.”
  • 1942 – World War II: The Dutch surrender to Japanese forces on Java.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japan captures Rangoon, Burma.
  • 1942 – World War II: British bombers begin a new style of air raid, using incendiary bombs to light the way for a nighttime attack on the Krupp armament works in Essen. The long series of attacks reduce the city to ruins.
  • 1943 – World War II: Japanese troops counter-attack American forces on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that would last five days.
  • 1945 – Allied forces move large numbers of troops across the Rhine River to significantly reinforce and expand their tenuous hold on the captured Ludendorff Bridge (Bridge at Remagen), allowing them to push armor across the river and better secure the nascent lodgement.
  • 1950 – Marshal Kliment Voroshilov announces that the Soviet Union possesses an atomic bomb.
  • 1957 – Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis.
  • 1963 – The Ba’ath Party comes to power in Syria in a Coup d’état by a clique of quasi-leftist Syrian Army officers calling themselves the National Council of the Revolutionary Command.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: 3,500 United States Marines arrive in South Vietnam, becoming the first American combat troops in Vietnam.
  • 1966 – Vietnam War: Australia announces it is going to substantially increase its number of troops in Vietnam.
  • 1966 – A bomb planted by young Irish protesters destroys Nelson’s Pillar in Dublin.
  • 1971 – Joe Frazier becomes the undisputed world heavyweight boxing champion by winning a unanimous 15-round decision over Muhammad Ali at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
  • 1974 – Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France.
  • 1980 – The first festival of rock music kicks off in the Soviet Union.
  • 1983 – President Ronald Reagan calls the Soviet Union an “evil empire.”
  • 1983 – The U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee endorses a nuclear weapons freeze with the Soviet Union, a move denounced by President Ronald Reagan.
  • 1999 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the murder convictions of Timothy McVeigh for the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2004 – A new constitution is signed by Iraq’s Governing Council.

March 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1286 – John III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1341)
  • 1293 – Beatrice of Castile, queen of Portugal (d. 1359)
  • 1495 – John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint (d. 1550)
  • 1514 – Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1562)
  • 1560 – Don Carlo Gesualdo, Italian composer (d. 1613)
  • 1659 – Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (d. 1738)
  • 1712 – John Fothergill, English physician (d. 1780)
  • 1714 – Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer (d. 1788)
  • 1726 – Richard Howe, British admiral (d. 1799)
  • 1746 – André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
  • 1748 – William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic
  • 1783 – Hannah Van Buren, wife of American president Martin Van Buren (d. 1819)
  • 1799 – Simon Cameron, U.S. Secretary of War (d. 1889)
  • 1814 – Ede Szigligeti, Hungarian dramatist (d. 1878)
  • 1822 – Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish inventor (d. 1882)
  • 1827 – Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (d. 1875)
  • 1830 – João de Deus, Portuguese poet (d. 1896)
  • 1841 – Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1935)
  • 1856 – Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1929)
  • 1856 – Tom Roberts, Australian artist (d. 1931)
  • 1859 – Kenneth Grahame, English author (d. 1932)
  • 1865 – Frederic Goudy, American type designer (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – Anna Held, Polish-born actress and singer (d. 1918)
  • 1879 – Otto Hahn, German Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1972)
  • 1891 – Sam Jaffe, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1892 – Mississippi John Hurt, American blues singer and guitarist (d. 1966)
  • 1896 – Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, Mayor of Ottawa (d. 1975)
  • 1899 – Elmer Keith, Firearms enthusiast and Author (d. 1984)
  • 1902 – Louise Beavers, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1902 – Jennings Randolph, U.S. Senator from West Virginia (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Constantine Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Bernard Benjamin, statistician, actuary and demographer (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – Claire Trevor, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Alan Hovhaness, American composer (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Preston Smith, Governor of Texas (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987)
  • 1915 – Tapio Rautavaara, Finnish athlete, actor, and singer (d. 1979)
  • 1916 – John Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Cyd Charisse, American actress and dancer
  • 1921 – Alan Hale, Jr., American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1922 – Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Mangaka
  • 1922 – Carl Furillo, American baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1925 – Warren Bennis, American educator and author
  • 1926 – Francisco Rabal, Spanish actor (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Dick Hyman, American pianist, conductor, and composer
  • 1930 – Bob Grim, American baseball player (d. 1996)
  • 1931 – John McPhee, American writer and professor
  • 1931 – Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Luca Ronconi, Italian actor, theater and opera director
  • 1934 – Marv Breeding, American baseball player (d.2006)
  • 1936 – Gábor Szabó, Hungarian guitarist (d. 1982)
  • 1937 – Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda (d. 1994)
  • 1938 – Pete Dawkins, American football player
  • 1939 – Jim Bouton, American baseball player, author, and entrepreneur
  • 1939 – Lidia Skoblikova, Russian skater
  • 1939 – Robert Tear, Welsh tenor
  • 1940 – Susan Clark, Canadian actress
  • 1941 – Andrei Mironov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
  • 1942 – Ann Packer, British athlete
  • 1942 – Dick Allen, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Lynn Redgrave, English actress
  • 1944 – Sergey Nikitin, Russian composer
  • 1944 – Pepé Romero, Spanish guitarist
  • 1944 – Palito Ortega, Argentine singer and actor
  • 1945 – Bruce Broughton, American composer
  • 1945 – Jim Chapman, American politician
  • 1945 – Anselm Kiefer, German painter
  • 1945 – Micky Dolenz, American musician (The Monkees)
  • 1946 – Randy Meisner, American musician (The Eagles)
  • 1947 – Mike Allsup, American musician (Three Dog Night)
  • 1947 – Carole Bayer Sager, American composer
  • 1947 – Florentino Pérez, former President of Real Madrid
  • 1948 – Peggy March, American pop singer
  • 1952 – George Felix Allen, former Governor and U.S. Senator from Virginia
  • 1953 – Bob Brozman, American musician
  • 1953 – Jim Rice, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Don Werner, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Cheryl Baker, British singer (Bucks Fizz)
  • 1954 – David Wilkie, Scottish swimmer
  • 1955 – Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1981)
  • 1956 – John Kapelos, Canadian actor
  • 1956 – Laurie Cunningham, English former footballer (d. 1989)
  • 1957 – Clive Burr, British musician, former drummer for Iron Maiden
  • 1957 – Cynthia Rothrock, American actress and martial artist
  • 1957 – Bob Stoddard, American baseball player
  • 1957 – John Butcher, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Gary Numan, British singer
  • 1958 – Nick Capra, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Aidan Quinn, American actor
  • 1960 – Max Metzker, Australian swimmer
  • 1961 – Camryn Manheim, American actress
  • 1961 – Larry Murphy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Mark Salas, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Lorelei, American fetish model and photographer
  • 1963 – Kathy Ireland, American model, actress, author, and entrepreneur
  • 1963 – Mike Lalor, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Lance McCullers, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Fátima Lopes, Portuguese fashion designer
  • 1967 – Joel Johnston, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Michael Bartels, German race car driver
  • 1968 – Shawn Mullins, American musician
  • 1968 – Jim Dougherty, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Andrea Parker, American actress, ballet dancer
  • 1970 – Jason Elam, American football player
  • 1971 – Kit Symons, Welsh footballer
  • 1972 – Angie Hart, Australian pop singer
  • 1972 – Fergal O’Brien, Irish snooker player
  • 1972 – Georgios Georgiadis, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Anneke van Giersbergen, Dutch singer (The Gathering)
  • 1973 – Boris Kodjoe, Austrian model
  • 1973 – Kurt Mollekens, Belgian racing car driver
  • 1973 – Justin Thompson, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Mark Lukasiewicz, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Mike Moriarty, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Fardeen Khan, Indian actor
  • 1975 – Peggy Zina, Greek singer
  • 1976 – Gaz Coombes, English singer (Supergrass)
  • 1976 – Juan Encarnacion, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Ryan Freel, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Hines Ward, American football player
  • 1976 – Freddie Prinze Jr., American actor
  • 1977 – James Van Der Beek, American actor
  • 1977 – Johann Vogel, Swiss footballer
  • 1979 – Tom Chaplin, English singer (Keane)
  • 1979 – Andy Ross, American guitarist (OK Go)
  • 1979 – Nick Zano, American actor
  • 1981 – Michael Beauchamp, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Jessica Jaymes, American porn actress
  • 1981 – Timothy Jordan II, American musician (The All American Rejects, Jonezetta) (d. 2005)
  • 1982 – Nicoleta Onel, Romanian gymnast
  • 1982 – Kat Von D, Mexican-American tattoo artist
  • 1982 – Nicolas Armindo, race car driver
  • 1982 – Leonidas Kabantais, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Craig Stansberry, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Dave Moffatt, Canadian musician (his brothers Robert and Clint, also musicians, born the same day)
  • 1985 – Ewa Sonnet, Polish model and pop singer
  • 1988 – Armanti Edwards, NCAA football player
  • 1990 – Ben Tozer, Newcastle United Footballer
  • 1991 – Devon Werkheiser, American Actor
  • 1992 – Charlie Ray, American actress
  • 1996 – Lorna Fitzgerald, EastEnders actress

March 8 – Deaths:

  • 1126 – Urraca of Castile (b. 1082)
  • 1144 – Pope Celestine II
  • 1202 – Sverre of Norway
  • 1223 – Wincenty Kadlubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)
  • 1550 – Saint John of God, a saint (b. 1495)
  • 1641 – Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer (b. 1587)
  • 1674 – Charles Sorel, sieur de Souvigny, French writer (b. 1597)
  • 1702 – William III of England (b. 1650)
  • 1731 – Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1688)
  • 1757 – Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1701)
  • 1771 – Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
  • 1819 – Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (b. 1739)
  • 1844 – Charles XIV John of Sweden (b. 1763)
  • 1855 – William Poole, Infamous member of New York City’s Bowery Boys gang (b. 1821)
  • 1869 – Hector Berlioz, French composer (b. 1803)
  • 1872 – Cornelius Krieghoff, Canadian painter (b. 1815)
  • 1874 – Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (b. 1800)
  • 1887 – Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman (b. 1813)
  • 1887 – James Buchanan Eads, American engineer (b. 1820)
  • 1889 – John Ericsson, Swedish inventor (b. 1803)
  • 1917 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German aircraft manufacturer (b. 1838)
  • 1923 – Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
  • 1923 – Krišjanis Barons, Latvian writer (b. 1835)
  • 1930 – William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (b. 1857)
  • 1937 – Howie Morenz, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1902)
  • 1941 – Sherwood Anderson, American author (b. 1876)
  • 1942 – José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban chess player (b. 1888)
  • 1961 – Thomas Beecham, English conductor (b. 1879)
  • 1971 – Harold Lloyd, American actor (b. 1893)
  • 1972 – Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, American musician (b. 1945)
  • 1975 – George Stevens, American director (b. 1904)
  • 1976 – Alfons Rebane, Estonian military commander (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – William Walton, English composer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Edward Andrews, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer (b. 1961)
  • 1988 – Werner Hartmann, German physicist (b. 1912)
  • 1988 – Henryk Szeryng, Polish-born violinist (b. 1918)
  • 1993 – Billy Eckstine, American musician (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Ingo Schwichtenberg, German drummer (b. 1965)
  • 1998 – Ray Nitschke, American football player (b. 1936)
  • 1999 – Peggy Cass, American actress and comedian (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentinean writer (b.1914)
  • 2001 – Edward Winter, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Adam Faith, English singer and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Karen Morley, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Abu Abbas, founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (b. 1954)
  • 2005 – Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen leader (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Brian Barratt-Boyes, New Zealand heart surgeon (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – John Inman, English actor (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Viky Vanita, Greek actress (b. 1948)
  • 2007 – John Vukovich, American baseball player and coach.. (b. 1947)
  • 2008 – Carol Barnes, Former ITV news presenter (b. 1944)

March 8 – Holidays:

  • Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, etc. – Mother’s Day.
  • International Women’s Day (United Nations)
  • Catholicism:
    • Saint John of God.
    • Saint Philemon (d. 305)

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On This Day in History March 7

March 7 – Events:

  • 161 – Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.
  • 321 – Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) is the day of rest in the Empire.
  • 1277 – Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris.
  • 1798 – The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.
  • 1799 – Napoleon I of France captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
  • 1799 – The Royal Institution is founded.
  • 1814 – Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.
  • 1815 – Napoleon I of France meets troops of the Fifth Regiment sent by Louis XVIII at Grenoble, and convinces them to join him on his march to Paris.
  • 1827 – Brazil marines sail up the Rio Negro (Argentina) and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina. They are defeated by the local citizens.
  • 1827 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.
  • 1848 – The Great mahele (land division) is signed in Hawaii.
  • 1850 – United States Senator Daniel Webster gives his “Seventh of March” speech in which he endorses the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war.
  • 1854 – Charles Miller patents the first sewing machine to stitch buttonholes.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Pea Ridge – Union forces led by General Samuel Curtis defeat Confederate troops under General Earl Van Dorn at Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.
  • 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the telephone (patent # 174,465).
  • 1912 – Roald Amundsen first announces to the world that his expedition has reached the South Pole, though they had arrived on December 14, 1911.
  • 1914 – Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign.
  • 1918 – World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
  • 1926 – The first transatlantic telephone call was made from New York City to London.
  • 1936 – World War II (Prelude to): In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles,  Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, establish a bridgehead on Germany soil and in desperate fighting begin to establish a lodgement. This event shakes up the whole Western Front and greatly hastens the end of WW-II.
  • 1947 – The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • 1948 – The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending the Italian rule.
  • 1950 – Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.
  • 1951 – Korean War: Operation Ripper – In Korea, United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against Chinese forces.
  • 1965 – In Selma, Alabama, State troopers and local law enforcement forcefully break up a group of 600 civil rights marchers. The event was televised and was dubbed Bloody Sunday.
  • 1968 – The BBC broadcasts the news for the first time in color on television.
  • 1969 – Golda Meir nominated by the Labor party as the first female Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1988 – Colombia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1989 – Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel.
  • 1989 – The State Council of the People’s Republic of China declares martial law in Lhasa, Tibet.
  • 1994 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.
  • 1995 – The U.S. state of New York reiterates the death sentence.
  • 1996 – The first democratically elected Palestinian parliament is formed.
  • 1996 – The Hubble Space Telescope makes the first pictures of the surface of Pluto.
  • 2004 – New Democracy wins the national elections in Greece.
  • 2005 – Mass protest outside the National Assembly of Kuwait building for women’s voting rights in Kuwait.
  • 2006 – Apple Inc. is granted the patent to the iPod.
  • 2007 – British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected.

March 7 – Birthdays:

  • 189 – Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor (d. 211)
  • 1481 – Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (d. 1537)
  • 1556 – Guillaume du Vair, French writer (d. 1621)
  • 1671 – Robert Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero (d. 1734)
  • 1678 – Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (d. 1736)
  • 1687 – Jean Lebeuf, French historian (d. 1760)
  • 1693 – Pope Clement XIII (d. 1769)
  • 1715 – Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)
  • 1715 – Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (d. 1755)
  • 1730 – Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (d. 1807)
  • 1765 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor of photography (d. 1833)
  • 1785 – Alessandro Manzoni, Italian writer (d. 1873)
  • 1788 – Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1878)
  • 1792 – John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871)
  • 1837 – Henry Draper, American physician and astronomer (d. 1882)
  • 1841 – William Rockhill Nelson, founder of the Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)
  • 1849 – Luther Burbank, American botanist (d. 1926)
  • 1850 – Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
  • 1850 – Tomáš Masaryk, first President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1937)
  • 1857 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1940)
  • 1872 – Piet Mondrian, Dutch painter (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (d. 1959)
  • 1875 – Maurice Ravel, French composer (d. 1937)
  • 1878 – Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • 1887 – Heino Eller, Estonian composer (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Alidius Warmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Dutch lawyer and politician (d. 1978)
  • 1893 – Milton Avery, American artist (d. 1965)
  • 1902 – Heinz Rühmann, German actor (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian speed skater (d. 1969)
  • 1904 – Reinhard Heydrich, German SS senior officer and Nazi official (d. 1942, by assassination)
  • 1908 – Anna Magnani, Italian actress (d. 1973)
  • 1915 – Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French politician (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Lee Young, American jazz drummer and singer
  • 1922 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Rene Gagnon, US Marine shown in photograph of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (d. 1979)
  • 1927 – James Broderick, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and teacher (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Henri Landwirth, Belgian-American hotel owner and philanthropist
  • 1930 – Antony Armstrong-Jones, Lord Snowdon, former husband of Princess Margaret
  • 1932 – Gene Shalit, American film critic
  • 1933 – Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1998)
  • 1934 – Willard Scott, American television broadcaster
  • 1934 – Giorgos Katsaros, Greek musician and composer
  • 1938 – David Baltimore, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1938 – Janet Guthrie, American race car driver
  • 1940 – Rudi Dutschke, German student leader (d. 1979)
  • 1940 – Daniel J. Travanti, American actor
  • 1942 – Tammy Faye Bakker, American televangelist (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Michael Eisner, American film studio executive
  • 1942 – Charles R. Boutin, American politician
  • 1943 – Chris White, British musician (The Zombies)
  • 1944 – Stanley Schmidt, American editor
  • 1944 – Townes Van Zandt, American musician and songwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1945 – John Heard, American actor
  • 1945 – Arthur Lee, American musician (Love) (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Matthew Fisher, British musician (Procol Harum)
  • 1946 – Peter Wolf, American musician (J Geils Band)
  • 1947 – Richard Lawson, American actor
  • 1947 – Walter Röhrl, German race and rally car driver
  • 1947 – Helen Eadie, Scottish politician
  • 1949 – Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician
  • 1950 – Iris Chacon, Puerto Rican singer and dancer
  • 1950 – Franco Harris, American football player
  • 1951 – Francis Rocco Prestia, American musician (Tower of Power)
  • 1952 – Ernie Isley, American musician (The Isley Brothers)
  • 1952 – Viv Richards, Antiguan West Indies cricketer
  • 1952 – Lynn Swann, American football player
  • 1953 – Teri McMinn, American Actress
  • 1955 – Tommy Kramer, American football player
  • 1955 – Anupam Kher, Bollywood Actor
  • 1956 – Bryan Cranston, American actor
  • 1957 – Robert Harris, English TV reporter and journalist
  • 1958 – Alan Hale, American astronomer
  • 1958 – Rik Mayall, British actor
  • 1959 – Donna Murphy, American actress
  • 1960 – Joe Carter, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Ivan Lendl, Czech tennis player
  • 1962 – Taylor Dayne, American singer
  • 1962 – Peter Manley, English Darts Player
  • 1963 – Bill Brochtrup, American actor
  • 1963 – Denyce Graves, American singer
  • 1964 – Bret Easton Ellis, American writer
  • 1964 – Wanda Sykes, American actress and comedienne
  • 1965 – Jack Armstrong, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Steve Beuerlein, American football player
  • 1965 – Jesper Parnevik, Swedish golfer
  • 1967 – Ai Yazawa, Japanese mangaka
  • 1968 – Denis Boucher, Canadian baseball player
  • 1968 – Jeff Kent, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Warrel Dane, American singer (Nevermore)
  • 1969 – Hideki Noda, Japanese racing driver
  • 1969 – Shin Ae Ra, Korean actress and radio DJ
  • 1971 – Rachel Weisz, British actress
  • 1971 – Peter Sarsgaard, American actor
  • 1972 – Jang Dong-gun, South Korean actor and musician
  • 1972 – Maxim Roy, Quebec actress
  • 1973 – Ray Parlour, English footballer
  • 1973 – Sébastien Izambard, operatic pop singer (Il Divo)
  • 1973 – Jason Bright, Australian racing driver
  • 1974 – Larry Bagby, American actor and musician
  • 1974 – Jenna Fischer, American actress
  • 1974 – Facundo Sava, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Chelsea Charms, American adult actress
  • 1977 – Gianluca Grava, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Ronan O’Gara, Irish rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Mitja Zastrow, German-born swimmer
  • 1980 – Anthony Ocaña, Dominican composer & guitarist
  • 1982 – Kate Michael, American beauty queen
  • 1982 – Erika Yamakawa, Japanese talent
  • 1983 – Manucho, Angolan footballer
  • 1984 – Mathieu Flamini, French footballer
  • 1984 – Dani Woodward, American Pornographic Star
  • 1985 – Thomas Erak, American guitarist
  • 1986 – Ben Griffin, Australian soccer player
  • 1989 – Gerald Anderson, Filipino actor and model
  • 1990 – Abigail and Brittany Hensel, American conjoined twins

March 7 – Deaths:

  • 322 BC – Aristotle, Greek philosopher (b. 384 BC)
  • 161 – Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor (b. 86)
  • 203 – Perpetua and Felicitas, Christian martyrs (perhaps after 209)
  • 308 – Saint Eubulus, Christian martyr
  • 851 – Nominoe, Duke of Brittany
  • 1226 – William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader
  • 1274 – Thomas Aquinas, Philosopher (b. 1225)
  • 1578 – Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (b. 1515)
  • 1625 – Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)
  • 1724 – Pope Innocent XIII (b. 1655)
  • 1767 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer (b. 1680)
  • 1778 – Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1720)
  • 1810 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (b. 1750)
  • 1904 – Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (b. 1828)
  • 1913 – Emily Pauline Johnson, Native Canadian poet
  • 1928 – Robert Abbe, American surgeon (b. 1851)
  • 1932 – Aristide Briand, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1938 – Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1876)
  • 1949 – Francis Dodd, English artist (b. 1874)
  • 1952 – Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (b. 1893)
  • 1954 – Otto Diels, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1957 – Wyndham Lewis, British author (b. 1882)
  • 1967 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion to Gertrude Stein (b. 1877)
  • 1974 – Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer and actor (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – Ben Blue, Canadian actor (b. 1901)
  • 1976 – Wright Patman, American politician (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Steve Bilko, American baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 1981 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (b. 1914)
  • 1983 – Igor Markevitch, Ukrainian conductor and composer (b. 1912)
  • 1984 – Paul Rotha, English director (b. 1907)
  • 1986 – Jacob Javits, American politician (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – Divine, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 1988 – Robert Livingston, American film actor (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Cool Papa Bell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Paul-Émile Victor, French explorer (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – E. H. Bronner, German-American soap magnate (b. 1908)
  • 1997 – Edward Mills Purcell, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Stanley Kubrick, American film director (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Charles Gray, British actor (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Pee Wee King, American country music songwriter and musician (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Frankie Carle, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1903)
  • 2004 – Paul Winfield, American actor (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – John Box, British film production designer and art director (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Debra Hill, American screenwriter and film producer (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Ali Farka Touré, Malian musician (b. 1939)
  • 2006 – Gordon Parks, photographer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – John Junkin, British performer (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Afzaal Mahmood, Burmese Ambassador for Pakistan.

March 7 – Holidays:

  • Albania — Teacher’s Day
  • Bali, Indonesia – Day of Silence (Nyepi)
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Catholicism — Feast day of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas, patron saint of married women.

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On This Day in History March 6

March 6 – Events:

  • 1079 – Omar Khayyám completes the Iranian calendar.
  • 1447 – Nicholas V becomes Pope.
  • 1454 – Thirteen Years’ War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1479 – Treaty of Alcaçovas – Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa.
  • 1521 – Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Guam.
  • 1788 – The First Fleet arrives at Norfolk Island in order to found a convict settlement.
  • 1820 – The Missouri Compromise is signed into law by President James Monroe. The compromise allows Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, but makes the rest of the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase territory slavery-free.
  • 1834 – York, Upper Canada is incorporated as Toronto.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo – After a thirteen day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 187 Texas volunteers defending the Alamo are defeated and the fort is captured.
  • 1853 – The Giuseppe Verdi opera La Traviata premieres in Venice.
  • 1856 – The University of Maryland, College Park is chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College.
  • 1857 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
  • 1869 – Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
  • 1899 – Bayer registers aspirin as a trademark.
  • 1900 – A coal mine explosion in West Virginia traps 50 coal miners.
  • 1901 – In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany.
  • 1902 – The Spanish football club Real Madrid is founded.
  • 1921 – The Portuguese Communist Party is founded as the Portuguese Section of the Communist International.
  • 1925 – Pionerskaya Pravda, one of the oldest children’s newspapers in Europe, is founded.
  • 1925 – Belgium annexes Eupen, Malmedy, and Sankt Vith.
  • 1927 – Fritz Lang’s Metropolis is released.
  • 1940 – Winter War: An armistice is signed by Finland and the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 – A communist-dominated government under Petru Groza assumes power in Romania.
  • 1946 – Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.
  • 1951 – The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins.
  • 1953 – Georgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov succeeds Josef Stalin as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1957 – United Kingdom colonies Gold Coast and British Togoland become the independent Republic of Ghana.
  • 1957 – Israel withdraws its troops from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1964 – Prophet Elijah Muhammad officially gives Cassius Clay the name Muhammad Ali meaning “beloved of Allah”.
  • 1964 – Constantine II becomes King of Greece.
  • 1964 – Tom O’Hara sets a new world record for the indoor mile run by completing it in 3 minutes, 56.4 seconds.
  • 1970 – Suspected murderer Charles Manson releases Lie: The Love & Terror Cult to help finance his defense.
  • 1975 – Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • 1981 – After 19 years presenting the CBS Evening News, Walter Cronkite signs off for the last time.
  • 1984 – Twelve-month-long strike in British coal industry begins.
  • 1987 – The British ferry MS Herald of Free Enterprise capsizes in about 90 seconds killing 193.
  • 1992 – The Michelangelo computer virus begins to affect computers.
  • 1992 – Founding of the Council of the Baltic Sea States.
  • 1994 – Referendum in Moldova results in the electorate voting against possible reunification with Romania.
  • 1997 – Picasso’s painting Tête de Femme is stolen from a London gallery, and is recovered a week later.

March 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1340 – John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (d. 1399)
  • 1405 – King John II of Castile (d. 1454)
  • 1459 – Jacob Fugger, German banker (d. 1525)
  • 1475 – Michelangelo, Italian artist (d. 1564)
  • 1483 – Francesco Guicciardini, Italian statesman and historian (d. 1540)
  • 1495 – Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (d. 1556)
  • 1619 – Cyrano de Bergerac, French soldier, poet (d. 1655)
  • 1663 – Francis Atterbury, British man of letters (d. 1732)
  • 1706 – George Pocock, British admiral (d. 1792)
  • 1716 – Pehr Kalm, Swedish explorer and naturalist (d. 1779)
  • 1761 – Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French General (d. 1828)
  • 1779 – Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (d. 1869)
  • 1787 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (d. 1826)
  • 1806 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet (d. 1861)
  • 1812 – Aaron Lufkin Dennison American watch manufacturer (d. 1895)
  • 1817 – Princess Clémentine of Orléans (d. 1907)
  • 1818 – William Claflin, 27th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
  • 1831 – Philip Sheridan, American Civil War Union cavalry officer (d. 1888)
  • 1834 – George du Maurier British illustrator and writer (d. 1896)
  • 1870 – Oscar Straus, Viennese operetta composer (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)
  • 1885 – Ring Lardner, American writer (d. 1933)
  • 1893 – Furry Lewis, American blues guitarist (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Lefty Grove, American Baseball Player (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Empress Kojun of Japan (d. 2000)
  • 1904 – Joseph Schmidt, Austrian tenor (d. 1942)
  • 1904 – José Antonio Aguirre, Basque politician (d. 1960)
  • 1905 – Bob Wills, American singer (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Lou Costello, American actor comedian (d. 1959)
  • 1914 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, 52nd Da’i al Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohras
  • 1915 – Pete Gray, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Will Eisner, American illustrator and cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Frankie Howerd, English comedian (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Ed McMahon, American television personality (d. 2009)
  • 1925 – Wes Montgomery, American musician (d. 1968)
  • 1926 – Alan Greenspan, American economist
  • 1926 – Andrzej Wajda, Polish film director
  • 1927 – Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Gordon Cooper, astronaut (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Norman Treigle, American bass-baritone (d. 1975)
  • 1930 – Lorin Maazel, French-born American conductor
  • 1931 – Hal Needham, American stuntman
  • 1933 – Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – John Noakes, British television presenter
  • 1935 – Ron Delany, Irish athlete
  • 1936 – Bob Akin, American industrialist and race car driver (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Marion Barry Jr., American politician
  • 1936 – Jean Boht, English actress
  • 1937 – Ivan Boesky, American stock trader
  • 1937 – Valentina Tereshkova, cosmonaut
  • 1939 – Adam Osborne, British author and computer designer (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Infanta Margarita of Spain, duchess of Soria
  • 1939 – Cookie Rojas, baseball player
  • 1940 – Joanna Miles, American actress
  • 1940 – Willie Stargell, baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1942 – Ben Murphy, American actor
  • 1944 – Kiri Te Kanawa, New Zealand singer
  • 1944 – Mary Wilson, American singer (Supremes)
  • 1946 – David Gilmour, British musician (Pink Floyd)
  • 1947 – Kiki Dee, British singer
  • 1947 – Dick Fosbury, American athlete
  • 1947 – Martin Kove, American actor
  • 1947 – Teru Miyamoto, Japanese author
  • 1947 – Rob Reiner, American actor, comedian, and film producer
  • 1948 – Anna Maria Horsford, American actress
  • 1949 – Shaukat Aziz, Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1949 – Martin Buchan, Scottish footballer
  • 1951 – Gerrie Knetemann, Dutch cyclist (d. 2004)
  • 1953 – Jan Kjærstad, Norwegian author
  • 1953 – Jacklyn Zeman, American actress
  • 1955 – Alberta Watson, Canadian actress
  • 1958 – Eddie Deezen, American actor
  • 1959 – Saul Anuzis, American politician
  • 1959 – Tom Arnold, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Valerie French, American animatronics art director
  • 1963 – D.L. Hughley, American comedian and actor
  • 1964 – Skip Ewing, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1964 – Madonna Wayne Gacy, American musician
  • 1966 – Alan Davies, British comedian and actor
  • 1967 – Connie Britton, American actress
  • 1967 – Julio Bocca, Argentinean Ballet Dancer
  • 1968 – Moira Kelly, American actress
  • 1968 – Michael Romeo, American musician (Symphony X)
  • 1969 – Andrea Elson, American actress
  • 1969 – Tari Phillips, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Amy Pietz, American actress
  • 1969 – Greg Scott, British TV personality
  • 1970 – Shane Brolly, British actor
  • 1971 – Sean Morley, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Darrick Martin, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Terry Murphy, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1972 – Shaquille O’Neal, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Michael Finley, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Sebastian Siegel, British-American actor
  • 1975 – Aracely Arambula, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1976 – Ken Anderson, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Giorgos Karagounis, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Marcus Thames, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Sage Rosenfels, American Football Player
  • 1979 – Tim Howard, American soccer player
  • 1979 – David Flair, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Erik Bedard, Canadian baseball player
  • 1979 – Ryan Nyquist, American BMX rider
  • 1980 – Ross Mawhinney, British-born Italian radio DJ
  • 1981 – Ellen Muth, American actress
  • 1983 – Andranik Teymourian, Iranian footballer
  • 1984 – Becky, Japanese-British entertainer
  • 1985 – Albert Reed, American model
  • 1986 – Eli Marienthal, American actor
  • 1987 – Hannah Taylor-Gordon, English actress
  • 1992 – Momoko Tsugunaga, Japanese singer
  • 1996 – Savanah Stehlin, American actress

March 6 – Deaths:

  • 766 – Chrodegang of Metz, Frankish bishop of Metz
  • 1252 – Saint Rose of Viterbo, Italian saint (b. 1235)
  • 1490 – Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (b. 1458)
  • 1531 – Pedrarias Dávila, Spanish conquistador
  • 1627 – Krzysztof Zbaraski, Polish statesman (b. 1580)
  • 1754 – Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1694)
  • 1758 – Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington, English politician (b. 1705)
  • 1764 – Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1690)
  • 1796 – Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (b. 1713)
  • 1836 – Davy Crockett, American frontiersman (b. 1786)
  • 1836 – William Barret Travis, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1809)
  • 1836 – James Butler Bonham, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1807)
  • 1836 – Jim Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (b. 1796)
  • 1842 – Constanze Mozart, wife of W.A. Mozart (b. 1763)
  • 1854 – Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, British soldier and politician (b. 1778)
  • 1860 – Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (b. 1783)
  • 1866 – William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher, and historian of science (b. 1794)
  • 1881 – Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)
  • 1888 – Louisa May Alcott, American novelist (b. 1832)
  • 1895 – Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (b. 1813)
  • 1899 – Victoria Kaiulani, Hawaiian princess (b. 1875)
  • 1900 – Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and industrialist (b. 1834)
  • 1905 – John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician (b. 1818)
  • 1932 – John Philip Sousa, American band leader, conductor, and composer (b. 1854)
  • 1933 – Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1873)
  • 1935 – Fridolf Rhudin Swedish actor and comedian (b. 1895)
  • 1939 – Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (b. 1852)
  • 1941 – Gutzon Borglum, Danish sculptor (b. 1867)
  • 1948 – Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (b. 1914)
  • 1950 – Albert Lebrun, President of France (b. 1871)
  • 1951 – Ivor Novello, Welsh actor, musician, and composer (b. 1893)
  • 1951 – Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman (b. 1880)
  • 1952 – Jürgen Stroop, Nazi SS-leader (executed) (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – George Formby, British comedian and singer (b. 1904)
  • 1964 – King Paul of Greece (b. 1901)
  • 1965 – Margaret Dumont, American actress (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – John Haden Badley, English author and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1967 – Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (b. 1901)
  • 1967 – Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Nadya Rusheva, Russian painter (b. 1952)
  • 1970 – William Hopper, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1971 – Thurston Dart, English harpsichordist and conductor (b. 1921)
  • 1973 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Max ‘Slapsie Maxie’ Rosenbloom, American boxer and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – George Geary, English cricketer (b. 1893)
  • 1982 – Ayn Rand, Russian-American author (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Henry Wilcoxon, Dominican actor (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Georgia O’Keeffe, American artist (b. 1887)
  • 1988 – Vol. Mairéad Farrell, Vol. Seán Savage and Vol. Daniel McCann killed within minutes of each other; Irish Republicans.
  • 1994 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress, political activist, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Michael Manley, Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Frank Barrett, American baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifah, emir of Bahrain (b. 1933)
  • 1999 – Dennis Viollet, former footballer (b. 1933)
  • 2000 – John Colicos, Canadian actor (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Kim Walker, American actress (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Bryan Fogarty, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – John Sanford, American author (b. 1904)
  • 2004 – Frances Dee, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Ray Fernandez, American professional wrestler (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Hans Bethe, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Tommy Vance, British radio disc jockey (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Danny Gardella, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Teresa Wright, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – King Floyd, American musician (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Dana Reeve, American actress, wife of Christopher Reeve (b. 1961)
  • 2007 – Jean Baudrillard, French cultural theorist, philosopher, political commentator and photographer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Allen Coage (aka “Bad News Brown”, “Bad News Allen”), American professional wrestler and judoka (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (b. 1909)
  • 2008 – Peter Poreku Cardinal Dery Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Tamale, Ghana

March 6 – Holidays:

  • Ghana – Independence Day (from Britain, 1957)
  • Alamo Day in Texas
  • Saint Chrodegang
  • Saint Fridolin
  • Saint Colette aka Saint Coleta of Ghent
  • Saint Olegarius

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