On This Day in History August 10

August 10 – Events:

  • 612 BC – Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire. Destruction of Nineveh.
  • 610 – In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammed began to receive the Qur’an.
  • 955 – Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Magyars, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of the West.
  • 991 – Battle of Maldon: English, led by Bryhtnoth, confront a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon in Essex. The English are defeated and the story is immortalized in a well-known poem.
  • 1316 – Second Battle of Athenry
  • 1519 – Ferdinand Magellan’s five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe.
  • 1557 – Battle of St. Quentin Spanish victory over the French in the Habsburg-Valois Wars
  • 1628 – The Swedish warship Vasa sinks in the Stockholm harbour after only about 20 minutes on her maiden voyage.
  • 1675 – The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London was laid.
  • 1680 – Pueblo Revolt begins in New Mexico.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.
  • 1792 – French Revolution: Storming of the Tuileries Palace. Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody.
  • 1809 – Quito, now the capital of Ecuador, declares independence from Spain.
  • 1821 – Missouri is admitted as the 24th U.S. state.
  • 1846 – The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by the U.S. Congress after $500,000 was given for such a purpose by scientist James Smithson.
  • 1856 – In Last Island, Louisiana, the 1856 Last Island Hurricane kills between 200 and 400 people.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Wilson’s Creek – The war enters Missouri when a band of raw Confederate troops defeat Union forces in the southwestern part of the state.
  • 1893 – At Augsburg, Rudolf Diesel’s prime model runs on its own power for the first time. Because of this, August 10 is the International Biodiesel Day.
  • 1901 – The U.S. Steel Recognition Strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers begins.
  • 1904 – The Battle of the Yellow Sea between the Russian and Japanese battleship fleets.
  • 1905 – Russian and Japanese peace negotiations begin in Portsmouth.
  • 1913 – Second Balkan War ends: Delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war.
  • 1920 – World War I: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI’s representatives sign the Treaty of Sèvres which divides up the Ottoman Empire between the Allies.
  • 1923 – US: Carlo Tresca, Italian-American anarchist, arrested.
  • 1932 – A 5.1-kg (11.2-pound) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
  • 1934 – US: Anarchist conference at Stelton, N.J., August 10-11
  • 1944 – World War II: American forces defeat the last Japanese troops on Guam.
  • 1948 – Candid Camera makes its television debut after being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone.
  • 1949 – US President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment, streamlining the defense agencies of the United States government, and replacing the National Military Establishment with the United States Department of Defense.
  • 1954 – At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held.
  • 1969 – A day after murdering Sharon Tate and four others, members of Charles Manson’s cult kill Leno and Rosemary LaBianca.
  • 1971 – Harmon Killebrew becomes the 10th member of the 500 home run club with a home run at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota.
  • 1971 – The Society for American Baseball Research is founded in Cooperstown, New York.
  • 1977 – In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz (“Son of Sam”) is arrested for a series of killings in the New York City area over a year’s period.
  • 1981 – The head of John Walsh’s son Adam is found in Hollywood, Florida. This event will later prompt the U.S. Congress to pass the Missing Children’s Act to give the Federal Bureau of Investigation greater authority to track the disappearance of children, as well as the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. It also makes Walsh a national spokesman against crime and eventually leads to the establishment of America’s Most Wanted.
  • 1988 – Japanese American Internment: US President Ronald Reagan signs the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, providing $20,000 payments to Japanese-Americans who were either interned or relocated by in the United States during World War II.
  • 1990 – The Magellan space probe reaches Venus.
  • 1990 – The Massacre of more than 127 Muslims in the North East Sri Lanka by the paramilitaries.
  • 1995 – Oklahoma City bombing: Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are indicted for the bombing. Michael Fortier pleads guilty in a plea-bargain agreement for his testimony.
  • 1995 – Los Angeles Dodgers are forced to forfeit against the St. Louis Cardinals after fans throw souvenir baseballs on to the field en masse.
  • 1998 – The Royal Proclamation of HRH Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah as the Crown Prince of Brunei.
  • 2000 – World Population reaches 6 billion according to http://www.ibiblio.org world population tracker.
  • 2001 – The Hudson River Way is opened to traffic.
  • 2003 – The highest temperature ever is recorded in the UK, 38.5°C (101.3°F), occurs in Kent. It is the first time the UK has recorded a temperature over 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • 2003 – Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko becomes the first person to marry in space.
  • 2006 – Scotland Yard disrupts major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft travelling from the United Kingdom to the United States. All toiletries are banned from commercial airplanes.

August 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1267 – King James II of Aragon (d. 1327)
  • 1296 – John I, Count of Luxemburg (d. 1346)
  • 1360 – Francesco Zabarella, Italian jurist (d. 1417)
  • 1397 – Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1439)
  • 1489 – Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (d. 1553)
  • 1520 – Madeleine de Valois, wife of James V of Scotland (d. 1537)
  • 1560 – Hieronymus Praetorius, German composer (d. 1629)
  • 1602 – Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (d. 1675)
  • 1645 – Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (d. 1711)
  • 1737 – Anton Losenko, Russian painter (d. 1773)
  • 1744 – Alexandrine-Jeanne d’Étiolles (nicknamed “Fanfan”), daughter of the courtesan Madame de Pompadour (d. 1754)
  • 1810 – Camillo Benso, conte di Cavour, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia
  • 1814 – Henri Nestlé, Swiss industrialist (d. 1890)
  • 1821 – Jay Cooke, American financier (d. 1905)
  • 1823 – Hugh Stowell Brown, Manx preacher (d.1886)
  • 1839 – Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1845 – Abai Kunanbaev, Kazakh poet (d. 1904)
  • 1856 – William Willett, English inventor of Daylight Saving Time (d. 1915)
  • 1860 – Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (d. 1936)
  • 1865 – Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer (d. 1936)
  • 1869 – Laurence Binyon, British poet (d. 1943)
  • 1874 – Herbert Clark Hoover, 31st President of the United States (d. 1964)
  • 1874 – Bill Johnson, American musician (d. 1972)
  • 1877 – Frank Marshall, American chess player (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Alfred Döblin, German writer (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1964)
  • 1884 – Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (d. 1935)
  • 1890 – Angus L. MacDonald, Canadian politician (d. 1954)
  • 1894 – Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fourth President of India (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Jack Haley, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Arthur Espie Porritt, New Zealand politician and athlete (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Norma Shearer, Canadian actress (d. 1983)
  • 1902 – Curt Siodmak, German-born author (d. 2000)
  • 1902 – Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Ward Moore, American author (d. 1978)
  • 1905 – Era Bell Thompson, American journalist (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Leo Fender, American luthier (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – Jorge Amado, Brazilian novelist (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Wolfgang Paul, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Noah Beery, Jr., American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Jeff Corey, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Carlos Menditéguy, Argentine racing driver (d. 1973)
  • 1919 – Sacha Vierny, French cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Rhonda Fleming, American actress
  • 1927 – Vernon Washington, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1928 – Jimmy Dean, American singer
  • 1928 – Gus Mercurio, American-born Australian actor
  • 1928 – Eddie Fisher, American singer
  • 1933 – Doyle Brunson, American poker player
  • 1933 – Rocky Colavito, American baseball player
  • 1933 – Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth; d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Anatoly Sobchak, Russian politician
  • 1939 – Kate O’Mara, British actress
  • 1940 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer (Righteous Brothers) (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Betsey Johnson, American fashion designer
  • 1943 – Ronnie Spector, American singer (Ronettes)
  • 1943 – Louise Forestier, French Canadian singer, songwriter and actress
  • 1943 – Jimmy Griffin, American guitarist (Bread) (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Michael Mantler, American trumpeter and composer
  • 1943 – Pervez Musharraf, President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistani
  • 1945 – Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • 1947 – Ian Anderson, Scottish musician (Jethro Tull)
  • 1947 – Anwar Ibrahim, Former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
  • 1948 – Patti Austin, American singer
  • 1950 – Rémy Girard, Canadian actor
  • 1952 – Daniel Hugh Kelly, American actor
  • 1953 – Mark Doty, American poet and prose writer
  • 1956 – Fred Ottman, American wrestler
  • 1956 – Charlie Peacock, American record producer, singer-songwriter
  • 1959 – Rosanna Arquette, American actress
  • 1959 – Florent Vollant, Innu-Canadian musician (Kashtin)
  • 1960 – Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor
  • 1960 – Todd David Hess, First USAF Member to receive Military Medical Merit.
  • 1961 – Jon Farriss, Australian musician (INXS)
  • 1963 – Andrew Sullivan, English-born journalist
  • 1965 – Claudia Christian, American actress
  • 1965 – Mike E. Smith, American jockey
  • 1965 – John Starks, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Hansi Kürsch, German singer
  • 1967 – Philippe Albert, Belgian former footballer
  • 1967 – Riddick Bowe, American boxer
  • 1967 – Mart Sander, Estonian singer and actor
  • 1968 – Michael Bivins, American singer (New Edition & Bell Biv DeVoe)
  • 1968 – Greg Hawgood, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Peter Docter, American film director
  • 1970 – Bret Hedican, American ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Steve Mautone, Australian footballer
  • 1971 – Roy Keane, Irish footballer
  • 1971 – Mario César Kindelán Mesa, Cuban boxer
  • 1971 – Justin Theroux, American actor
  • 1971 – Sal Fasano, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Kevin Randleman, American mixed martial artist
  • 1972 – Lawrence Dallaglio, English rugby union footballer
  • 1972 – Angie Harmon, American model and actress
  • 1972 – Christofer Johnsson, Swedish musician
  • 1973 – Lisa Raymond, American tennis player
  • 1973 – Javier Zanetti, Argentinian footballer
  • 1974 – David Sommeil, French footballer
  • 1974 – Luis Marín, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1976 – Michael Depoli, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Danny Griffin, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Aaron Kamin, American musician (The Calling)
  • 1977 – Matt Morgan, British comedian
  • 1978 – Daniel Allsopp, Australian footballer
  • 1978 – Chris Read, English cricketer
  • 1978 – Claire Yiu, Hong Kong actress
  • 1979 – Yannick Schroeder, French racing driver
  • 1979 – Joanna Garcia, Cuban actress
  • 1980 – Kaysar Ridha, Iraqi-American reality TV contestant
  • 1981 – Natsumi Abe, Japanese singer
  • 1981 – Dimitris Salpigidis, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Devon Aoki, American supermodel and actress
  • 1983 – Alexander Perezhogin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Mathieu Roy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Mariel Rodriguez, Filipino TV host
  • 1985 – Roy O’Donovan, Irish footballer
  • 1989 – Ben Sahar, Israeli footballer
  • 1992 – Ko Ah-seong, South Korean actress

August 10 – Deaths:

  • 612 BC – Sinsharishkun, Assyrian king
  • 258 – Saint Lawrence, martyr
  • 1535 – Ippolito de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (poisoned) (b. 1509)
  • 1637 – Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (b. 1582)
  • 1653 – Maarten Tromp, Dutch admiral (b. 1598)
  • 1655 – Alfonso de la Cueva, marqués de Bedmar, Spanish cardinal and diplomat (b. 1572)
  • 1723 – Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1656)
  • 1759 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain (b. 1713)
  • 1784 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (b. 1713)
  • 1802 – Franz Aepinus, German scientist (b. 1724)
  • 1806 – Michael Haydn, Austrian composer (b. 1737)
  • 1839 – John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (b. 1758)
  • 1862 – Shusaku Honinbo, Japanese Go player (b. 1829)
  • 1875 – Karl Andree, German geographer (b. 1808)
  • 1896 – Otto Lilienthal, German aviation pioneer (b. 1848)
  • 1915 – Henry Moseley, English physicist (b. 1887)
  • 1920 – Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (b. 1835)
  • 1928 – Rex Cherryman, American actor (b. 1897)
  • 1929 – Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (b. 1878)
  • 1932 – Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog (b. 1918)
  • 1945 – Robert Goddard, American rocket scientist (b. 1882)
  • 1948 – Montague Summers, English writer (b. 1880)
  • 1948 – Kwan-Ichi Asakawa, Japanese historian(b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Frank Demaree, baseball player (b. 1910)
  • 1963 – Estes Kefauver, American politician, United States Congressman & Senator from Tennessee (b. 1903)
  • 1963 – Ernst Wetter, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1877)
  • 1969 – Leno LaBianca, American businessman (murdered) (b. 1925)
  • 1969 – Rosemary LaBianca, American housewife (murdered) (b. 1930)
  • 1979 – Walter Gerlach, German physicist (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Dick Foran, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Yahya Khan, President of Pakistan (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Øystein Aarseth, Norwegian musician (Mayhem) (b. 1968)
  • 1997 – Conlon Nancarrow, American composer (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Jean-Claude Lauzon, Quebec film director (b. 1953)
  • 1999 – Padma Bhushan Acharya Baldev Upadhyaya, Eminent Sanskrit Scholar in India (b. 1899)
  • 2001 – Lou Boudreau, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Michael Houser, American guitarist (Widespread Panic) (b. 1962)
  • 2002 – Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Carmita Jiménez, Puerto Rican singer
  • 2007 – James E. Faust, Second Councelor of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Tony Wilson, British music personality and broadcaster (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Henry Cabot Lodge Bohler, American member of Tuskegee Airmen and civil rights activist (b. 1925)

August 10 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Opalia, festival in honor of Ops
  • Ancient Latvia – Labrenca Diena held
  • Independence Day in Ecuador — Movement began in Quito in 1809. Independence not achieved until May 1822.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 9

August 9 – Events:

  • 48 BC – Caesar’s civil war: Battle of Pharsalus – Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.
  • 378 – Gothic War: Battle of Adrianople – A large Roman army led by Emperor Valens is defeated by the Visigoths in present-day Turkey. Valens is killed along with over half of his army.
  • 681 – Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube, after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
  • 1048 – Pope Damasus II dies in Rome, after reigning for only 23 days.
  • 1173 – Construction of the Tower of Pisa begins, and it takes two centuries to complete.
  • 1329 – Quilon the first Indian Diocese was erected by Pope John XXII and Jordanus catalani de Severac was appointed the first Bishop
  • 1483 – Opening of the Sistine Chapel
  • 1666 – Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later known as “Holmes’s Bonfire.”
  • 1810 – Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1842 – Webster-Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States-Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Cedar Mountain – At Cedar Mountain, Virginia, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson narrowly defeats Union forces under General John Pope.
  • 1877 – Indian Wars: Battle of Big Hole – A small band of Nez Percé Indians clash with the United States Army.
  • 1892 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
  • 1902 – Edward VII is crowned king of the United Kingdom.
  • 1907 – The first Boy Scout encampment concludes at Brownsea Island in Southern England.
  • 1936 – Summer Olympic Games: Games of the XI Olympiad: Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal at the games becoming the first American to win four medals in one Olympiad.
  • 1942 – Indian leader, Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces, launching the Quit India Movement.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Savo Island – Allied naval forces protecting their amphibious forces during the initial stages of the Battle of Guadalcanal are surprised and defeated by an Imperial Japanese Navy cruiser force.
  • 1944 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey the Bear for the first time.
  • 1945 – World War II: Nagasaki is devastated when an atomic bomb, “Fat Man,” is dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar. 70,000 people are killed instantly.
  • 1965 – Singapore seceded from Malaysia and gained independence.
  • 1965 – A fire at a Titan missile base near Little Rock, Arkansas kills 53 construction workers.
  • 1969 – Members of a cult led by Charles Manson brutally murder pregnant actress Sharon Tate (wife of convicted child rapist Roman Polanski), coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, men’s hairstylist Jay Sebring, and recent high-school graduate Steven Parent at 10050 Cielo Drive in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1974 – As a direct result of the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon becomes the first President of the United States to resign from office. His Vice President, Gerald Ford, becomes president.
  • 1993 – The Liberal Democratic Party of Japan loses a 38-year hold on national leadership.
  • 1999 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.
  • 1999 – The Diet of Japan enacts a law establishing the Hinomaru and Kimi Ga Yo as the official national flag and national anthem.

August 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1201 – Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English chronicler (d. 1274)
  • 1593 – Izaak Walton, English angler (d. 1683)
  • 1631 – John Dryden, English Poet Laureate (d. 1700)
  • 1648 – Johann Michael Bach, German composer (d. 1694)
  • 1653 – John Oldham, English poet (d. 1683)
  • 1669 – Eudoxia Lopukhina, Tsarina of Russia (d. 1731)
  • 1674 – František Maxmilián Kanka, Czech architect (d. 1766)
  • 1722 – Augustus William, Prince of Prussia (d. 1758)
  • 1726 – Francesco Cetti, Italian Jesuit scientist (d. 1778)
  • 1757 – Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (d. 1834)
  • 1776 – Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist (d. 1856)
  • 1783 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1801)
  • 1797 – Charles Robert Malden, British naval officer (d. 1855)
  • 1805 – Joseph Locke, English railway and civil engineer (d. 1860)
  • 1809 – William Barret Travis, commander at Battle of the Alamo
  • 1845 – André Bessette, Canadian religious figure (d. 1937)
  • 1847 – Maria Victoria al Pozzo della Cisterna, queen consort of Spain (d. 1876)
  • 1871 – Leonid Andreyev, Russian writer (d. 1919)
  • 1872 – Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (d. 1962)
  • 1874 – Reynaldo Hahn, Venezuelan composer and conductor (d. 1947)
  • 1875 – Albert Ketèlbey, English pianist, conductor and composer (b. 1959)
  • 1896 – Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Erich Hückel, German physicist (d. 1980)
  • 1899 – P. L. Travers, Australian author (d. 1996)
  • 1901 – Charles Farrell, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1902 – Zino Francescatti, French violinist (d. 1991)
  • 1909 – Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat opposing the Nazi regime (d. 1944)
  • 1911 – William Alfred Fowler, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Eddie Futch, American boxing trainer (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Tove Jansson, Finnish author, the creator of the Moomins (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Ferenc Fricsay, Hungarian conductor (d. 1963)
  • 1914 – Joe Mercer, English footballer (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Joop den Uyl, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1919 – Ralph Houk, American baseball player and manager
  • 1920 – Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist and writer
  • 1921 – J. James Exon, American politician, (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Ernest Angley, televangelist
  • 1922 – Philip Larkin, English poet (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – David A. Huffman, creator of Huffman coding (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – Daniel Keyes, American author
  • 1927 – Robert Shaw, English actor (d. 1978)
  • 1928 – Bob Cousy, American. basketball player
  • 1930 – Jacques Parizeau, Quebec economist and politician
  • 1931 – Mário Zagallo, Brazilian football coach and player
  • 1931 – Chuck Essegian, American baseball player
  • 1932 – John Gomery, Canadian jurist
  • 1933 – Tetsuko Kuroyanagi, Japanese television personality and children’s author
  • 1936 – Julián Javier, American baseball player
  • 1936 – Patrick Tse Yin, Hong Kong film director
  • 1938 – Leonid Kuchma, Ukrainian politician
  • 1938 – Rod Laver, Australian tennis player
  • 1939 – Romano Prodi, Prime Minister of Italy, former President of the European Commission
  • 1939 – Brito, Brazilian footballer
  • 1940 – Beverlee McKinsey, American actress
  • 1942 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1942 – David Steinberg, Canadian comedian
  • 1943 – Ken Norton, American boxer
  • 1944 – Sam Elliott, American actor
  • 1945 – Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • 1946 – Jim Kiick, American football player
  • 1947 – Barbara Mason, American soul singer
  • 1948 – Bill Campbell, baseball player
  • 1949 – Jonathan Kellerman, American writer
  • 1952 – Prateep Ungsongtham Hata, Thai politician
  • 1955 – John E. Sweeney, American politician
  • 1955 – Peter Schmuck, American sportswriter
  • 1957 – Melanie Griffith, American actress
  • 1959 – Kurtis Blow, American rapper
  • 1959 – Stuart Hughes, Canadian actor
  • 1961 – Brad Gilbert, American tennis player
  • 1961 – John Key, New Zealand politician
  • 1961 – Amy Stiller, American actress
  • 1962 – Kevin Mack, American football player
  • 1962 – Louis Lipps, American football player
  • 1963 – Whitney Houston, American diva and actress
  • 1964 – Brett Hull, Canadian-born hockey player
  • 1967 – Deion Sanders, American football player
  • 1968 – Gillian Anderson, American actress
  • 1968 – Eric Bana, Australian actor
  • 1968 – Karyn Parsons, American actress
  • 1968 – Sam Fogarino, American musician
  • 1968 – McG, American film producer and director
  • 1969 – Divine Brown, American convicted felon
  • 1969 – Troy Percival, baseball player
  • 1970 – Rod Brind’Amour, hockey player
  • 1970 – Chris Cuomo, American TV journalist
  • 1970 – Thomas Lennon, American actor
  • 1970 – Arion Salazar, American musician (Third Eye Blind)
  • 1971 – Davide Rebellin, Italian cyclist
  • 1971 – Mack 10, American rapper
  • 1971 – James Kim, technology reporter (d. 2006)
  • 1972 – Juanes, Colombian singer
  • 1972 – A-Mei, Taiwanese singer
  • 1973 – Kevin McKidd, Scottish actor
  • 1973 – Filippo Inzaghi, Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Mahesh Babu, Indian film actor
  • 1974 – Derek Fisher, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Matt Morris, baseball player
  • 1974 – Kirill Reznik, American politician
  • 1974 – Nicola Stapleton, English actress
  • 1975 – Mike Lamb, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Robbie Middleby, Australian soccer player
  • 1976 – Jessica Capshaw, American actress
  • 1976 – Rhona Mitra, English actress
  • 1977 – Jason Frasor, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Chamique Holdsclaw, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Adewale Ogunleye, American football player
  • 1977 – Mikael Silvestre, French footballer
  • 1978 – Audrey Tautou, French actress
  • 1978 – Michael Scofield, Fox River Eight Fugitive
  • 1980 – Ryu Seung-beom, South Korean actor
  • 1982 – Tyson Gay, American sprinter
  • 1982 – Danieal Manning, American football player
  • 1983 – Ashley Johnson, American actress
  • 1983 – Shane O’Brien, Canadian hockey player
  • 1984 – Paul Gallagher, Scottish footballer
  • 1985 – Luca Filippi, Italian racing driver
  • 1985 – Hayley Peirsol, American swimmer
  • 1985 – JaMarcus Russell, American football player
  • 1986 – Vanessa Morley, American actress
  • 1989 – Stefano Okaka Chuka, Italian footballer
  • 1990 – Adelaide Kane, Australian actress

August 9 – Deaths:

  • 117 – Trajan, Roman Emperor (b. 53)
  • 378 – Valens, Roman Emperor (killed in battle) (b. 328)
  • 803 – Byzantine Empress Irene (b. 752)
  • 1107 – Emperor Horikawa of Japan (b. 1079)
  • 1173 – Najm ad-Din Ayyub, father of Saladin
  • 1250 – King Eric IV of Denmark (b. 1216)
  • 1534 – Cardinal Cajetan, Italian theologian (b. 1470)
  • 1601 – Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1558)
  • 1634 – William Noy, English jurist (b. 1577)
  • 1720 – Simon Ockley, English orientalist (b. 1678)
  • 1744 – James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English patron of the arts (b. 1673)
  • 1816 – Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (b. 1771)
  • 1837 – Xavier Sigalon, French painter (b. 1787)
  • 1886 – Samuel Ferguson, Northern Irish poet and artist (b. 1810)
  • 1919 – Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (b. 1857)
  • 1942 – Edith Stein, (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross) (executed) (b. 1891)
  • 1945 – Harry Hillman, American athlete (b. 1881)
  • 1945 – Robert Hampton Gray, last Canadian Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1917)
  • 1957 – Carl Clauberg, Nazi doctor (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1967 – Joe Orton, English writer (b. 1933)
  • 1969 – Cecil Frank Powell, British physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1969 – Abigail Folger, American heiress (murdered) (b. 1943)
  • 1969 – Wojciech Frykowski, Polish writer (murdered) (b. 1936)
  • 1969 – Jay Sebring, American hair stylist (murdered) (b. 1933)
  • 1969 – Sharon Tate, American actress (murdered) (b. 1943)
  • 1969 – Steven Parent, American student (murdered) (b. 1951)
  • 1974 – Bill Chase, American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1934)
  • 1975 – Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Walter O’Malley, baseball executive (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Clive Churchill, Australian rugby league player (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Joe Mercer, English footballer (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Jerry Garcia, American musician (Grateful Dead) (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Sir Frank Whittle, invented the jet engine (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Nicholas Markowitz-kidnapped and murder by Jesse James Hollywood (b. 1984)
  • 2002 – Paul Samson, British guitarist (Samson) (b. 1953)
  • 2002 – Peter Neville, anarchist, sociologist, and peace activist
  • 2003 – Ray Harford, English footballer and manager (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Gregory Hines, American actor and dancer (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – Jacques Deray, French film director (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Chester Ludgin, American baritone (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Tony Mottola, American guitarist (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – David Raksin, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Matthew McGrory, American actor (b. 1973)
  • 2005 – Judith Rossner, American novelist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – James van Allen, American physicist (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Philip E. High, science fiction author (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Joe O’Donnell, American documentary photographer, photojournalist (b. 1922)

August 9 – Holidays:

  • Singapore: National Day
  • National Women’s Day in South Africa
  • International Day of the World’s Indigenous People
  • Baltimore, Maryland: Official “Frank Zappa Day” in honor of the Baltimore-born composer and musician (born 1940, died 1993).
  • Feast day of the great martyr Saint Panteleimon in Russian Orthodox Church

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 8

August 8 – Events:

  • 1220 – Sweden was defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.
  • 1509 – The Emperor Krishnadeva Raya is crowned, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire.
  • 1576 – The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe’s Uraniborg observatory is laid on Hven.
  • 1585 – John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in quest for the Northwest Passage.
  • 1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – The naval engagement ends, thus ending the Spanish Armada’s attempt to invade England.
  • 1605 – The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • 1647 – The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungans Hill – English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.
  • 1786 – Mont Blanc on the French- Italian border is climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
  • 1793 – The insurrection of Lyon occurred during the French Revolution.
  • 1794 – Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver lead an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
  • 1810 – Eminent Urdu poet Mirza Ghalib married Maaroof, daughter of Nawab Ilahi Baksh, and moved to Delhi.
  • 1839 – Beta Theta Pi is founded in Oxford, Ohio.
  • 1844 – The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church).
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Tennessee’s “military” Gov. Andrew Johnson freed his personal slaves. During the early 20th century, the day was celebrated by blacks in Tennessee as a holiday.
  • 1870 – The Republic of Ploiesti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • 1876 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
  • 1908 – Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It’s the Wright Brothers’ first public flight and the French public goes wild.
  • 1910 – The US Army installs the first tricycle landing gear on the Army’s Wright Flyer.
  • 1911 – The millionth patent is filed in the United States Patent Office by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire.
  • 1911 – Public Law 62-5 sets the number of representatives in the United States House of Representatives at 435. The law would come into effect in 1913.
  • 1918 – World War I: Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines.
  • 1929 – The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight.
  • 1931 – Workers go on strike at the Hoover dam
  • 1938 – The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
  • 1940 – “Aufbau Ost” directive was signed by Wilhelm Keitel.
  • 1942 – World War II: In Washington, DC, six German would-be saboteurs are executed.
  • 1942 – Quit India resolution was passed by the Bombay session of the AICC, which leads to the start of a civil disobedience movement across India
  • 1945 – World War II – The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria.
  • 1945 – The United Nations Charter is signed by the United States, which becomes the third nation to join.
  • 1946 – First flight of the Convair B-36.
  • 1947 – Pakistan’s National Flag is approved.
  • 1949 – Bhutan becomes independent.
  • 1960 – South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • 1962 – Elizabeth Ann Duncan becomes the last woman to be executed in the United States prior to the reintroduction of capital punishment in 1977.
  • 1963 – Great Train Robbery: In England, a gang of 15 train robbers steal 2.6 million pounds in bank notes.
  • 1967 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded.
  • 1968 – Juro Wada successfully performs Japan’s first heart transplant.
  • 1973 – U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew goes on television to denounce accusations he had taken kickbacks while governor of Maryland.
  • 1973 – Kim Dae-Jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, is kidnapped.
  • 1974 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces his resignation, effective the next day.
  • 1980 – The Buttevant railway accident in Ireland occurred.
  • 1986 – Altaf Hussain’s address at Nishtar Park Karachi, announcement of establishing political movement MQM.
  • 1988 – The “8888 Uprising” occurs in Burma.
  • 1988 – The lights are turned on at Wrigley Field for the first time, making it the last major league stadium to host night games
  • 1989 – Space Shuttle program: STS-28 Mission – Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret five-day military mission.
  • 1990 – Iraq occupies Kuwait and the state is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward.
  • 1991 – Collapse of Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever built
  • 1991 – John McCarthy, British Journalist held hostage in Lebanon for more than five years by Islamic Jihad, is released.
  • 2000 – Confederate submarine L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.
  • 2007 – An EF2 tornado touches down in Kings County and Richmond County, New York, the most powerful tornado in New York to date and the first in Brooklyn since 1889.

August 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1079 – Emperor Horikawa of Japan (d. 1107)
  • 1518 – Conrad Lycosthenes, humanist and encyclopedist (d. 1561)
  • 1605 – Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (d. 1675)
  • 1646 – Godfrey Kneller, German-born painter (d. 1723)
  • 1673 – John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
  • 1693 – Laurent Belissen, French composer (d. 1762)
  • 1694 – Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (d. 1746)
  • 1720 – Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (d. 1796)
  • 1807 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (d. 1892)
  • 1814 – Esther Morris, first U. S. female judge (d. 1902)
  • 1824 – Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1880)
  • 1839 – Nelson Miles, U.S. general (d. 1925)
  • 1857 – Cécile Chaminade, French pianist and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Matthew Henson, Arctic explorer (d. 1955)
  • 1875 – Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • 1879 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1879 – Bob Smith, American physician and surgeon, founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1950)
  • 1880 – Earle Page, 11th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1961)
  • 1881 – Albert Kesselring, German field marshal (d. 1960)
  • 1881 – Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Ladislas Starevich, Polish stop-motion animation filmmaker (d. 1965)
  • 1884 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (d. 1933)
  • 1891 – Adolf Busch, German violinist (d. 1952)
  • 1892 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (d. 1922)
  • 1898 – Alexis Minotis, Greek actor (d. 1990)
  • 1896 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author (d. 1953)
  • 1901 – Ernest O. Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Paul Dirac, English physicist Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Achille Varzi, Italian race car driver (d. 1948)
  • 1905 – André Jolivet, French composer (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Benny Carter, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Arthur Goldberg, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1980)
  • 1910 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Rosetta LeNoire, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Jumbo Elliott, American track coach (d. 1981)
  • 1919 – Dino De Laurentiis, Italian film producer
  • 1920 – Leo Chiosso, Italian lyricist (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Jimmy Witherspoon, American singer (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Carol Lambrino, son of Carol II of Romania and Zizi Lambrino (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – William Asher, American film producer
  • 1921 – John Herbert Chapman, British physicist (d. 1979)
  • 1921 – Webb Pierce, American singer (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Vulimiri Ramalingaswami, Indian medical scientist (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Esther Williams, American actress and swimmer
  • 1922 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Rudi Gernreich, Austrian-born fashion designer (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – Alija Izetbegovic, Former President of Bosnia-Herzegovina (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Richard Anderson, American actor
  • 1927 – Johnny Temple, American baseball player (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Don Burrows, Australian musician
  • 1929 – Larisa Bogoraz, Soviet dissident (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Ronald Biggs, British criminal
  • 1931 – Sir Roger Penrose, British physicist
  • 1932 – Mel Tillis, American singer
  • 1932 – Luis García Meza Tejada, Bolivian dictator
  • 1933 – Joe Tex, American singer (d. 1982)
  • 1935 – Donald P. Bellisario, American television producer
  • 1935 – John Laws, Australia radio personality
  • 1936 – Keith Barron, English actor
  • 1936 – Frank Howard, American baseball player
  • 1937 – Dustin Hoffman, American actor
  • 1938 – Connie Stevens, American singer and actress
  • 1938 – Jacques Hétu, French Canadian composer
  • 1939 – Alexander Watson, American ambassador and diplomat
  • 1940 – Dennis Tito, first space tourist
  • 1944 – Brooke Bundy, American actress
  • 1947 – Ken Dryden, Canadian ice hockey player and parliamentarian
  • 1947 – José Cruz, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1947 – Larry Wilcox, American actor
  • 1948 – Svetlana Savitskaya, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1949 – Keith Carradine, American actor
  • 1949 – Ricardo Londoño, Colombian racing driver
  • 1951 – Mamoru Oshii, Japanese film director
  • 1951 – Randy Shilts, American journalist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1952 – Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian author
  • 1952 – Robin Quivers, American radio personality
  • 1953 – Don Most, American actor
  • 1953 – Nigel Mansell, English one-time Formula One World Champion
  • 1955 – Diddú (Sigrún Hjálmtýsdóttir), Icelandic soprano and songwriter
  • 1955 – Herbert Prohaska, Austrian footballer
  • 1956 – David Grant, English singer and vocal coach
  • 1956 – Branscombe Richmond, American actor
  • 1958 – Deborah Norville, American television host
  • 1958 – Cecilia Roth, Argentine actress
  • 1960 – Ulrich Maly, Mayor of Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1961 – The Edge, Irish guitarist (U2)
  • 1961 – Daniel House, Owner C/Z Records
  • 1961 – Rikki Rockett, American drummer (Poison)
  • 1961 – Bruce Matthews, American football player
  • 1962 – Mike Zanier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Chidi Anthony Opara, Nigerian Poet
  • 1963 – Jon Turteltaub, American director
  • 1963 – Stephen Walkom, Canadian ice hockey official and executive
  • 1964 – Anastasia Ashman, American writer
  • 1965 – Kate Langbroek, Australian media personality
  • 1965 – El Hefe, Guitarist for NOFX
  • 1966 – Chris Eubank, English boxer
  • 1966 – John Hudek, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Marcelo Balboa, American soccer player
  • 1967 – Lee Unkrich, American director and film editor
  • 1967 – Rena Mero, American wrestler
  • 1969 – Faye Wong, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1970 – Trev Alberts, American football player
  • 1970 – Pascal Duquenne, Belgian actor
  • 1972 – Axel Merckx, Belgian bicycle racer
  • 1972 – Lüpüs Thünder, American musician (The Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1973 – Scott Stapp, American singer (Creed)
  • 1973 – Senta Moses, American actress
  • 1973 – Shane Lee, Australian cricketer
  • 1974 – Ulises De la Cruz, Ecuadoran footballer
  • 1974 – Scott D’Amore, professional wrestler and manager
  • 1974 – Andy Priaulx, British racing driver and three-time WTCC champion
  • 1976 – JC Chasez, American singer (*NSYNC)
  • 1976 – Tawny Cypress, American actress
  • 1976 – Drew Lachey, American singer
  • 1976 – Seung-Yeop Lee, Korean baseball player
  • 1977 – Kurt Bernard, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1977 – Szilard Nemeth, Slovak footballer
  • 1977 – Lindsay Sloane, American actress
  • 1977 – Rocky Thompson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Alan Maybury, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Louis Saha, French footballer
  • 1979 – Richard Harwood, British cellist
  • 1979 – Paris Latsis, Greek shipping heir
  • 1979 – Rashard Lewis, National Basketball Association player
  • 1979 – Sam Totman, Musician/Songwriter for power metal band DragonForce
  • 1980 – Sabine Klaschka, German tennis player
  • 1980 – Pat Noonan, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Michael Urie, American actor and director
  • 1981 – Vanessa Amorosi, Australian singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – Roger Federer, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Meagan Good, American actress
  • 1981 – Kaori Iida, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1981 – Bradley McIntosh, British pop singer
  • 1983 – Guy Burnet, British actor
  • 1984 – Martrez Milner, National Football League player
  • 1985 – Brayan Ruiz, Costa Rican soccer player
  • 1986 – Peyton List, American actress
  • 1987 – Katie Leung, Scottish actress
  • 1988 – Princess Beatrice of York
  • 1989 – Sesil Karatantcheva, Bulgarian tennis player
  • 1995 – Malin Reitan, Norwegian singer

August 8 – Deaths:

  • 869 – Lothair II of Lotharingia (b. 825)
  • 1445 – Oswald von Wolkenstein, Austrian composer
  • 1553 – Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian physician (b. 1478)
  • 1555 – Oronce Finé, French mathematician (b. 1494)
  • 1588 – Alonso Sánchez Coello, Spanish painter
  • 1604 – Horio Tadauji, Japanese warlord (b. 1578)
  • 1631 – Konstantinas Sirvydas, Lithuanian lexicographer (b. 1579)
  • 1684 – George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer (b. 1622)
  • 1747 – Madeleine de Verchères, New France heroine (b. 1678)
  • 1759 – Carl Heinrich Graun, German composer (b. 1704)
  • 1827 – George Canning, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
  • 1828 – Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (b. 1743)
  • 1863 – Angus MacAskill known as ‘Giant MacAskill’, circus performer (b.1825)
  • 1879 – Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1797)
  • 1887 – Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (b. 1808)
  • 1897 – Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss art historian (b. 1818)
  • 1898 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 1902 – James Tissot, French artist (b. 1836)
  • 1911 – William P. Frye, American politician (b. 1830)
  • 1933 – Adolf Loos, Austrian architect (b. 1870)
  • 1940 – Johnny Dodds, American musician (b. 1892)
  • 1944 – Chaim Soutine, Russian painter (b. 1894)
  • 1944 – Erwin von Witzleben, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1944 – Michael Wittmann, German Tank ace and Knight’s Cross holder, killed in action, Normandy. (b. 1914)
  • 1947 – Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman (b. 1879)
  • 1961 – Méi Lánfang, Chinese opera performer (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Shirley Jackson, American author (b. 1916)
  • 1969 – Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German eugenicist and Nazi physician (b. 1896)
  • 1972 – Andrea Feldman, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 1973 – Dean Corll, American serial killer (b. 1939)
  • 1973 – Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish author and historian (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Baldur von Schirach, Nazi youth leader (b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Julian “Cannonball” Adderley, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1977 – Edgar Douglas Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Nicholas Monsarrat, British novelist (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Paul Triquet, French Canadian army officer (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Eric Brandon, British racing driver (b. 1920)
  • 1984 – Ellen Raskin, American author(b.1928)
  • 1985 – Louise Brooks, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Alan Napier, English actor (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Ramón Valdés, Mexican actor (b. 1923)
  • 1988 – Félix Leclerc, Quebec singer and songwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1991 – James Irwin, astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 1992 – John Kordic, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1965)
  • 1996 – Nevill Mott, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Mahmoud Saremi, Iranian journalist
  • 2004 – Fay Wray, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Dimitris Papamichael, Greek actor (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – John H. Johnson, African-American publisher (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Gene Mauch, American athlete (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Monica Sjöö, Swedish artist (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Ilse Werner, German actress (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Ahmed Deedat, Islamic scholar (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Ma Lik, Chinese politician (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Melville Shavelson, American film director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)

August 8 – Holidays:

  • Sweden – Namesday of Queen Silvia, an Official Flag Day.
  • Taiwan: Father’s Day.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 7

August 7 – Events:

  • 322 BC – Battle of Crannon between Athens and Alexander the Great of Macedon.
  • 1461 – the Ming Dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor; after setting fire to the eastern and western gates of the Forbidden City (which were doused by pouring rains during the day-long uprising), Cao Qin found himself hemmed in on all sides by imperial forces, lost three of his own brothers in the fight, and instead of facing execution he fled to his house and committed suicide by jumping down a well located within the walled compound of his urban Beijing home.
  • 1679 – The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southeastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.
  • 1714 – The first important victory of the Russian Navy – the Battle of Gangut.
  • 1782 – George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.
  • 1789 – The United States War Department is established.
  • 1794 – Whiskey Rebellion begins: Farmers in the Monongahela Valley of Pennsylvania rebel against the federal tax on liquor and distilled drinks.
  • 1819 – Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá.
  • 1879 – The opening of the Poor Man’s Palace in Manchester.
  • 1927 – The Peace Bridge opens, between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.
  • 1933 – The Iraqi Government slaughtered over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes Assyrian Martyrs Day.
  • 1940 – Alsace Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich (Germany) during World War II
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal begins – U.S. Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.
  • 1944 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
  • 1945 – President Harry Truman announces the bombing of Hiroshima with an atomic bomb while returning from the Potsdam Conference aboard the heavy cruiser USS Augusta (CA-31) in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1947 – Thor Heyerdahl’s balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7000-km (4375-mile) journey across the Pacific Ocean proving that pre-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.
  • 1947 – The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST).
  • 1955 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first Transistor radios in Japan.
  • 1959 – The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the “sheaves of wheat” design and is still in use.
  • 1959 – Explorer program: Explorer 6 launched from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • 1960 – Côte d’Ivoire becomes independent.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving US President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.
  • 1966 – Race riots occur in Lansing, Michigan.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: The People’s Republic of China agrees to give North Vietnam an undisclosed amount of aid in the form of a grant.
  • 1970 – California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.
  • 1973 – NBC airs the final day of the Watergate hearings on U.S. daytime television.
  • 1976 – Viking program: Viking 2 enters into orbit around Mars.
  • 1978 – United States President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal.
  • 1981 – The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.
  • 1985 – Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan’s first astronauts.
  • 1988 – Rioting in New York City’s Tompkins Square Park.
  • 1989 – U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.
  • 1998 – Bombing of the United States embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairobi, Kenya, kill 224 people and injure over 4,500.
  • 1999 – A group of Indian army veterans launch the political party Rashtriya Raksha Dal.
  • 2007 – Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants breaks baseball great Hank Aaron’s record by hitting his 756th home run.

August 7 – Birthdays:

  • 317 – Constantius II, Roman emperor (d. 361)
  • 1282 – Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, English princess (d. 1316)
  • 1400 – Guillaume Dufay, French composer (d. 1474)
  • 1533 – Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga, Basque soldier and poet (d. 1595)
  • 1560 – Elizabeth Báthory, Hungarian countess and serial killer (d. 1614)
  • 1574 – Robert Dudley, styled Earl of Warwick, English writer (d. 1649)
  • 1598 – Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish poet (d. 1672)
  • 1726 – James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician (d. 1790)
  • 1742 – Nathanael Greene, American Revolutionary general (d. 1786)
  • 1751 – Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange (d. 1820)
  • 1779 – Louis de Freycinet, French explorer (d. 1842)
  • 1779 – Carl Ritter, German geographer (d. 1859)
  • 1783 – Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom (d. 1810)
  • 1844 – Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist (d. 1911)
  • 1860 – Alan Leo, British astrologer (d. 1917)
  • 1862 – Victoria of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1931)
  • 1867 – Emil Nolde, German painter (d. 1956)
  • 1876 – Mata Hari, Dutch spy (d. 1917)
  • 1877 – Ulrich Salchow, Swedish figure skater (d. 1949)
  • 1885 – Billie Burke, American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1901 – Ann Harding, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1903 – Louis Leakey, British archaeologist (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Ralph Bunche, American diplomat, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Albert Kotin, American abstract expressionist painter of the New York School (d. 1980)
  • 1911 – Nicholas Ray, American actor, director and scenarist (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – George Van Eps, noted American guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Manitas de Plata, Gypsy guitarist
  • 1925 – M. S. Swaminathan, Indian scientist
  • 1925 – Felice Bryant, American country songwriter and singer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Stan Freberg, American voice comedian
  • 1927 – Edwin W. Edwards, four-term Louisiana governor
  • 1927 – Art Houtteman, baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Carl Switzer, American child actor (d. 1959)
  • 1928 – Romeo Muller, American screenwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1928 – James Randi, Canadian magician
  • 1929 – Don Larsen, baseball player
  • 1931 – Charles E. Rice, Legal Scholar and Author
  • 1932 – Abebe Bikila, Ethiopan athlete (d. 1973)
  • 1932 – Dr. Maurice Rabb, Jr., African American ophthalmologist
  • 1932 – Edward Hardwicke, British actor
  • 1933 – Eddie Firmani, South African football player and coach
  • 1936 – Rahsaan Roland Kirk, American saxophonist (d. 1977)
  • 1939 – Anjanette Comer, American actress
  • 1940 – Jean-Luc Dehaene, Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1942 – Tobin Bell, American actor
  • 1942 – Garrison Keillor, American writer and radio host
  • 1942 – Carlos Monzón, Argentine boxer
  • 1942 – B.J. Thomas, American singer
  • 1942 – Caetano Veloso, Brazilian musician
  • 1943 – Dino Valente, American musician Quicksilver Messenger Service (d. 1994)
  • 1943 – Alain Corneau, French film director
  • 1944 – David Rasche, American actor
  • 1945 – Alan Page, American football player
  • 1946 – Ed Seykota, commodities and futures trader
  • 1947 – Franciscus Henri (Franciscus Henricus Antheunis), children’s entertainer, composer and artist
  • 1948 – Greg Chappell, Australian test cricket player, captain and coach
  • 1949 – Walid Jumblatt, Leader of the Lebanese Druze
  • 1950 – Alan Keyes, US diplomat and political activist
  • 1952 – Alexei Sayle, British comedian
  • 1953 – Anne Fadiman, American writer, daughter of Clifton Fadiman
  • 1954 – Jonathan Pollard, Israeli spy
  • 1955 – Vladimir Sorokin, Russian writer
  • 1955 – Wayne Knight, American actor
  • 1955 – Gregoris Valtinos, Greek actor, translator and director
  • 1957 – Alexander Dityatin, Soviet gymnast
  • 1958 – Bruce Dickinson, English singer (Iron Maiden)
  • 1958 – Alberto Salazar, Member, American National Distance Running Hall of Fame
  • 1960 – David Duchovny, American actor
  • 1960 – Jacquie O’Sullivan, Singer and previous member of (Bananarama)
  • 1961 – Yelena Davydova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1962 – Bruno Pelletier, Québécois singer
  • 1963 – Harold Perrineau Jr., American actor
  • 1964 – Michael Weishan, American TV host, author
  • 1964 – John Birmingham, Australian author
  • 1966 – Kristin Hersh, American singer and guitarist (Throwing Muses)
  • 1966 – Jimmy Wales, co-founder of Wikipedia
  • 1967 – Jason Grimsley, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Lynn Strait, American singer (Snot)
  • 1971 – Sydney Penny, American actress
  • 1971 – Rachel York, American actress and singer
  • 1972 – Greg Serano, American actor
  • 1973 – Danny Graves, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Kevin Muscat, Australian footballer
  • 1975 – Edgar Rentería, Colombian baseball player
  • 1975 – David Hicks, Australian alleged terrorist
  • 1975 – Charlize Theron, South African actress
  • 1976 – Dimitrios Eleftheropoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Jeffrey Durrum, American Supermodel
  • 1978 – Jamey Jasta, American singer (Hatebreed)
  • 1978 – Alexandre Aja, French director
  • 1978 – Vanness Wu, Taiwanese singer
  • 1978 – Cirroc Lofton, American actor
  • 1978 – Shirley Yeung, Hong Kong actress
  • 1979 – Eric Johnson, American actor
  • 1980 – Aurélie Claudel, French supermodel
  • 1982 – Yana Klochkova, Ukrainian swimmer
  • 1982 – Vasileios Spanoulis, Greek basketball player
  • 1983 – Tina O’Brien, British actress
  • 1983 – Robert Flores, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Christian Chávez, Mexican singer and actor, member of RBD
  • 1987 – Sidney Crosby, Canadian hockey player
  • 1988 – Melody Oliveria, American internet blogger
  • 1996 – Tessa Allen, American actress

August 7 – Deaths:

  • 461 – Majorian, Roman Emperor (assassinated) (b. 420)
  • 479 – Emperor Yuryaku of Japan
  • 1106 – Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1050)
  • 1485 – Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, Scottish prince
  • 1613 – Thomas Fleming, English judge (b. 1544)
  • 1616 – Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (b. 1548)
  • 1635 – Friedrich von Spee, German writer (b. 1591)
  • 1639 – Martin van den Hove, Dutch scientist (b. 1605)
  • 1661 – Jin Shengtan, Chinese editor, writer and critic (b. 1608)
  • 1817 – Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, French industrialist (b. 1739)
  • 1834 – Joseph Marie Jacquard, French weaver and inventor (b. 1752)
  • 1848 – Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (b. 1779)
  • 1855 – Mariano Arista, President of Mexico (b. 1802)
  • 1912 – François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (b. 1841)
  • 1917 – Squadron Commander E.H. Dunning, first pilot to land his aircraft on a moving ship. (b. 1891)
  • 1938 – Constantin Stanislavski, Russian/Soviet theatre practitioner (b. 1863)
  • 1941 – Rabindranath Tagore, Indian author, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1861)
  • 1957 – Oliver Hardy, American comedian and actor (b. 1892)
  • 1969 – Joseph Kosma, French composer (Autumn Leaves) (b. 1905)
  • 1972 – Joi Lansing, American model and actress (b. 1929)
  • 1974 – Rosario Castellanos, Mexican poet (b. 1925)
  • 1974 – Sylvio Mantha, professional ice hockey player (b. 1902)
  • 1984 – Esther Phillips, American singer (b. 1935)
  • 1985 – Grayson Hall, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Camille Chamoun, Lebanese President (b. 1900)
  • 1989 – Mickey Leland, American politician, United States Congressman from Texas (b. 1944)
  • 1992 – John Anderson, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Larry Martyn, comedy actor (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – Brigid Brophy, British author (b. 1929)
  • 1999 – Brion James, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Mickey McDermott, baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Red Adair, American oil field firefighter (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Colin Bibby, English ornithologist (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Peter Jennings, Canadian-born news anchor (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Mary Anderson Bain, American New Deal politician (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Hal Fishman, Los Angeles based local news anchor. (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Ernesto Alonso, Mexican actor, director and producer. (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Angus Tait, New Zealand electronics innovator and businessman (b. 1919)

August 7 – Holidays:

  • BC Day – Province of Canada.
  • Civic Holiday – Canada.
  • Emancipation Day – Turks and Caicos Islands.
  • National Holiday in Colombia: Battle of Boyaca, birth of Bogotá.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 6

August 6 – Events:

  • 1538 – Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.
  • 1787 – Sixty proof sheets of the Constitution of the United States are delivered to the Constitutional Convention.
  • 1806 – Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor, abdicates, thus ending the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1819 – Norwich University founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
  • 1825 – Bolivia gains independence from Spain.
  • 1845 – Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg.
  • 1861 – British annexation of Lagos, Nigeria.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Confederate ironclad CSS Arkansas is scuttled on the Mississippi River after suffering damage in a battle with USS Essex near Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Woerth is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1890 – At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed by electric chair.
  • 1901 – Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation.
  • 1909 – Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip.
  • 1912 – The Bull Moose Party meets at the Chicago Coliseum.
  • 1914 – World War I: First Battle of the Atlantic – Two days after the United Kingdom declared war on Germany over the German invasion of Belgium, ten German U-boats leave their base in Heligoland to attack Royal Navy warships in the North Sea.
  • 1914 – World War I: Serbia declares war on Germany; Austria declares war on Russia.
  • 1914 – Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I.
  • 1915 – World War I: Battle of Sari Bair – The Allies mount a diversionary attack timed to coincide with a major Allied landing of reinforcements at Suvla Bay.
  • 1917 – World War I: The Battle of Marasesti between the Romanian and German armies begins.
  • 1923 – Henry Sullivan swims the English Channel.
  • 1926 – Gertrude Ederle becomes first woman to swim across the English Channel.
  • 1926 – In New York, the Warner Brothers’ Vitaphone system premieres with the movie Don Juan starring John Barrymore.
  • 1926 – Harry Houdini performs his greatest feat, spending 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before escaping.
  • 1942 – Queen Wilhelmina is the first reigning queen to address a joint session of the United States Congress.
  • 1945 – World War II: Hiroshima is devastated when an atomic bomb, “Little Boy,” is dropped by the United States B-29 Enola Gay.
  • 1956 – After going bankrupt in 1955, the American broadcaster DuMont Television Network has its final broadcast, a boxing match from St. Nicholas Arena.
  • 1958 – Sports: Australian runner Herb Elliot broke the world record for the mile at the Morton Stadium in Dublin, in a time of 3:54.5.
  • 1960 – Cuban Revolution: In response to a United States embargo, Cuba nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.
  • 1960 – USA The Highest Ever Parachute jump was Made by Joe Kittinger in Excelsior III at 100,000Ft (31KM/23Mi) and lasted for 15 Minutes and 3 Seconds.
  • 1961 – Second successful manned orbital flight (USSR, Gherman Titov)
  • 1962 – Jamaica becomes independent.
  • 1964 – Prometheus, the world’s oldest tree, is cut down.
  • 1965 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into United States law.
  • 1966 – Braniff Airlines Flight 250 crashes in Falls City, NE killing all 42 on board.
  • 1976 – Zulfikar Ali Bhutto lays foundation-stone of Port Qasim, Karachi.
  • 1986 – A low-pressure system that redeveloped off the New South Wales coast dumps a record 328 millimeters (13 inches) of rain in a day on Sydney.
  • 1988 – “Tompkins Square Park Police Riot” in New York City. A riot erupted in Tompkins Square Park when police attempted to enforce a newly-passed curfew for the park. Bystanders, artists, residents, homeless people and political activists were caught up in the police action that took place on the night of August 6 and the early morning of August 7.
  • 1988 – Indian passenger boat Baccha Singh capsized by flood at Ganges River, Manihari Ghat, Bihar, India, at least 438 killed.
  • 1990 – Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council orders a global trade embargo against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.
  • 1991 – Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.
  • 1991 – Doi Takako, chair of the Social Democratic Party (Japan), becomes Japan’s first female speaker of the House of Representatives.
  • 1996 – NASA announces that the ALH 84001 meteorite, thought to originate from Mars, contains evidence of primitive life-forms.
  • 1997 – Microsoft buys $150 million worth of shares of financially troubled Apple Computer.
  • 1997 – Korean Air Flight 801, a Boeing 747-300, crashes into the jungle on Guam on approach to airport, killing 228.
  • 2000 – The Roman Catholic Church’s Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, under Prefect Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, publishes Dominus Iesus, notable for its lack of the filioque clause in the Latin text of the Nicene Creed.
  • 2002 – Manindra Agrawal et al prove the long standing number theory conjecture in the article entitled Primes in P.
  • 2007 – The Crandall Canyon Mine in Utah collapses trapping 6 men.

August 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1180 – Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (d. 1239)
  • 1504 – Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1575)
  • 1619 – Barbara Strozzi, Italian singer and composer (d. 1677)
  • 1638 – Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (d. 1715)
  • 1644 – Louise de la Vallière, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (d. 1710)
  • 1656 – Claude de Forbin, French naval commander (d. 1733)
  • 1666 – Maria Sofia of the Palatinate, queen of Portugal (d. 1699)
  • 1697 – Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1745)
  • 1715 – Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer (d. 1747)
  • 1766 – William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist (d. 1828)
  • 1768 – Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (d. 1813)
  • 1775 – Daniel O’Connell, Irish politician (d. 1847)
  • 1809 – Alfred Lord Tennyson, English poet (d. 1892)
  • 1844 – James Henry Greathead, British engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1844 – Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1900)
  • 1861 – Edith Roosevelt, American First Lady of the United States (d. 1948)
  • 1868 – Paul Claudel, French poet (d. 1955)
  • 1874 – Charles Fort, American writer and researcher (d. 1932)
  • 1877 – Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (d. 1952)
  • 1880 – Hans Moser, Austrian actor (d. 1964)
  • 1881 – Leo Carrillo, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 1881 – Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1881 – Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (d. 1972)
  • 1887 – Dudley Benjafield, British racing driver (d. 1957)
  • 1888 – Heinrich Schlusnus, German baritone (d. 1952)
  • 1889 – John Middleton Murry, English poet (d. 1957)
  • 1889 – George Kenney, American Air Force General (d. 1977)
  • 1891 – William Slim, British general (d. 1970)
  • 1892 – Hoot Gibson, American actor (d. 1962)
  • 1893 – Wright Patman, American politician (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
  • 1902 – Dutch Schultz, American bootlegger (d. 1935)
  • 1904 – Henry Iba, American basketball coach (d. 1993)
  • 1906 – Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Helen Jacobs, American tennis player (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Will Lee, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1910 – Charles Crichton, British film director (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Lucille Ball, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (d. 1980)
  • 1916 – Richard Hofstadter, American historian (d. 1970)
  • 1916 – Dom Mintoff, Maltese Prime Minister
  • 1917 – Robert Mitchum, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1918 – Norman Granz, American record producer (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Ella Raines, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1922 – Sir Freddie Laker, English entrepreneur (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Jess Collins, American artist (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Barbara Bates, American actress (d. 1969)
  • 1926 – Clem Labine, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Frank Finlay, British actor
  • 1928 – Andy Warhol, American artist (d. 1987)
  • 1928 – Herb Moford, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Roch La Salle, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Abbey Lincoln, American jazz singer
  • 1932 – Howard Hodgkin, British painter
  • 1934 – Piers Anthony, English writer
  • 1937 – Barbara Windsor, English actress
  • 1937 – Baden Powell de Aquino, Brazilian guitarist (d. 2000)
  • 1938 – Paul Bartel, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1938 – Peter Bonerz, American actor
  • 1940 – Mukhu Aliyev, Dagestanian politician
  • 1941 – Lyle Berman, American poker player
  • 1941 – Ray Culp, American baseball player
  • 1942 – George Jung, American convicted drug felon
  • 1943 – Jon Postel, American computer scientist (d. 1998)
  • 1945 – Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • 1946 – Allan Holdsworth, British musician
  • 1946 – Roh Moo-hyun, South Korean politician
  • 1946 – Masaaki Sakai, Japanese comedian
  • 1949 – Dino Bravo, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1993)
  • 1949 – Alan Campbell, Northern Irish clergyman
  • 1949 – Clarence Richard Silva, Catholic Bishop of Honolulu
  • 1950 – Dorian Harewood, American actor
  • 1951 – Daryl Somers, Australian television personality
  • 1951 – Catherine Hicks, American actress
  • 1952 – Vinnie Vincent, American musician (ex-Kiss)
  • 1954 – Paul Steigerwald, American sports announcer
  • 1957 – Jim McGreevey, American politician
  • 1957 – Bob Horner, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Michelle Yeoh, Chinese-Malaysian actress
  • 1962 – Marc Lavoine, French singer and actor
  • 1963 – Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker
  • 1964 – Moosie Drier, American actor and director
  • 1965 – Yuki Kajiura, Japanese composer
  • 1965 – David Robinson, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Archbishop Alexy (Bondarenko)
  • 1967 – Mike Greenberg, American sportscaster
  • 1967 – Julie Snyder, Quebec talk show host and producer
  • 1969 – Elliott Smith, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1970 – M. Night Shyamalan, Indian-born American film director
  • 1971 – Merrin Dungey, American actress
  • 1971 – Scott Minto, English footballer
  • 1972 – Geri Halliwell, British singer (Spice Girls)
  • 1973 – Vera Farmiga, American actress
  • 1973 – Max Kellerman, American sportscaster
  • 1973 – Stuart O’Grady, Australian cyclist
  • 1974 – Luis Vizcaino, Dominican baseball player
  • 1975 – Victor Zambrano, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1975 – Jamie McGonnigal, American Actor, Director, Producer
  • 1975 – Renate Götschl, Austrian alpine skier
  • 1976 – Melissa George, Australian actress
  • 1976 – Soleil Moon Frye, American actress
  • 1977 – Leandro Amaral, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Jennifer Lyons, American actress
  • 1977 – Jimmy Nielsen, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Luciano Zavagno, Argentine footballer
  • 1978 – Marisa Miller, American supermodel
  • 1980 – Danny Collins, Welsh footballer
  • 1980 – Wilber Pan, American-born Taiwanese singer
  • 1982 – Adrianne Curry, American model and reality television personality
  • 1982 – Karl Davies, British actor
  • 1982 – Derek Mount, American guitarist (Family Force 5)
  • 1982 – Ryan Sypek, American actor
  • 1983 – Robin van Persie, Dutch footballer
  • 1986 – Bryan Young, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Matt Di Angelo, English Actor
  • 1990 – JonBenét Ramsey, American murder victim (d. 1996)
  • 1993 – Yakir Forman, International Bible Contest runner up

August 6 – Deaths:

  • 258 – Saint Pope Sixtus II
  • 523 – Saint Pope Hormisdas
  • 1162 – Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona
  • 1195 – Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria (b. 1129)
  • 1221 – Saint Dominic, Spanish founder of the Dominicans (b. 1170)
  • 1272 – King Stephen V of Hungary
  • 1414 – King Ladislas of Naples (b. 1377)
  • 1458 – Pope Callixtus III (b. 1378)
  • 1623 – Anne Hathaway (Shakespeare’s wife) (b. 1556)
  • 1628 – Johannes Junius, Mayor of Bamberg (b. 1573)
  • 1637 – Ben Jonson, English writer (b. 1572)
  • 1645 – Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex, English merchant (b. 1575)
  • 1657 – Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Polish-Lithuanian noble
  • 1660 – Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (b. 1599)
  • 1679 – John Snell, English royalist (b. 1629)
  • 1694 – Antoine Arnauld, French philosopher and mathematician (b. 1612)
  • 1695 – François de Harlay de Champvallon, French Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
  • 1753 – Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (struck by lightning) (b. 1711)
  • 1759 – Eugene Aram, English philologist (b. 1704)
  • 1794 – Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
  • 1815 – James A. Bayard (elder), United States Senator from Delaware (b. 1767)
  • 1828 – Konstantin von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman
  • 1850 – Edward Walsh, Irish poet (b. 1805)
  • 1866 – John Mason Neale, English divine, scholar and hymnwriter (b. 1818)
  • 1881 – James White, co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1821)
  • 1884 – Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman (b. 1812)
  • 1893 – Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1811)
  • 1904 – Eduard Hanslick, Austrian music critic (b. 1825)
  • 1914 – Ellen Louise Wilson, first wife of President Woodrow Wilson (b. 1860)
  • 1920 – Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, first flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)
  • 1931 – Bix Beiderbecke, American musician (b. 1903)
  • 1945 – Richard Bong, American ace fighter pilot and Medal of Honor winner (b. 1920)
  • 1945 – Hiram Johnson, American politician (b. 1866)
  • 1945 – Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
  • 1946 – Tony Lazzeri, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1959 – Preston Sturges, American playwright, screenwriter, and director (b. 1898)
  • 1964 – Sir Cedric Hardwicke, English actor (b. 1893)
  • 1966 – Cordwainer Smith, American writer (b. 1913)
  • 1969 – Theodor Adorno, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1903)
  • 1973 – Memphis Minnie, American blues singer (b. 1897)
  • 1973 – Fulgencio Batista, Cuban president and de facto leader (b. 1901)
  • 1974 – Gene Ammons, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1925)
  • 1976 – Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (b. 1903)
  • 1978 – Pope Paul VI (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1983 – Klaus Nomi, German singer (b. 1944)
  • 1985 – Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (b. 1923)
  • 1986 – Emilio Fernández, Mexican actor, screenwriter and film director (b. 1904)
  • 1987 – Ira Eaker, American Air Force leader (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Jacques Soustelle, French anthropologist (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Roland Michener, Canadian politician and governor general (b. 1900)
  • 1991 – Shapour Bakhtiar, Former Iranian prime minister, assassinated in Paris (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Harry Reasoner, American television reporter (b. 1923)
  • 1993 – Tex Hughson, American baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 1994 – Domenico Modugno, Italian singer and songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 1998 – Andre Weil, French mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 2001 – Jorge Amado de Faria, Brazilian writer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Dorothy Tutin, English actress (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Wilhelm Mohnke, one of the original 120 members of the Nazi SS-Staff Guard (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Rick James, American musician (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Ibrahim Ferrer, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Keter Betts, American jazz bassist (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Robin Cook, British politician (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian rock guitarist (Bikini, Omen, Carpathia Project Tirana Rockers, solo) (b. 1969)
  • 2007 – Heinz Barth, German convicted war criminal (SS) (b. 1920)

August 6 – Holidays:

  • Bolivia – Independence Day.
  • Jamaica – Independence Day.
  • United Arab Emirates – H.H. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan’s Accession Day.
  • Japan – Toro Nagashi (Hiroshima) – Floating lantern ceremony to honor those killed by the atomic bomb in Hiroshima.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 5

August 5 – Events:

  • 642 – Battle of Maserfeld – Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Bernicia.
  • 910 – The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred.
  • 1100 – Henry I crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1305 – William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
  • 1388 – Battle of Otterburn, border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England.
  • 1583 – Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes first English colony in North America, at what is now St John’s, Newfoundland.
  • 1620 – The Mayflower departs Southampton, England.
  • 1689 – 1,500 Iroquois attack village of Lachine, in New France.
  • 1716 – Battle of Petrovaradin
  • 1735 – Freedom of the press: New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he published was true.
  • 1763 – Pontiac’s War: Battle of Bushy Run – British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac’s Indians at Bushy Run.
  • 1772 – The First Partition of Poland begins.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: Tecumseh’s Indian force ambushes Thomas Van Horne’s 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.
  • 1858 – Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. It operated for less than a month.
  • 1860 – Carl IV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: In order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government issues the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US $800; rescinded in 1872).
  • 1861 – The United States Army abolished flogging.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Baton Rouge – Along the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Confederate troops drive Union forces back into the city.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Mobile Bay begins – At Mobile Bay near Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Spicheren is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.
  • 1874 – Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
  • 1882 – Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
  • 1882 – Martial law is enacted in Japan.
  • 1884 – The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor.
  • 1888 – Bertha Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim in the first long distance automobile trip.
  • 1901 – Peter O’Connor sets the first IAAF recognized long jump world record of 24feet 11¾ inches. The record will stand for 20 years.
  • 1912 – Japan’s first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo.
  • 1914 – In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.
  • 1925 – Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language, which is in danger of dying out.
  • 1940 – World War II : Latvia is annexed by the Soviet Union.
  • 1943 – World War II: During the Battle of Troina, at around 11 A.M, Mount Etna erupted sending much ash and lava miles into the sky.
  • 1944 – World War II: Possibly the biggest prison breakout in history occurs as 545 Japanese POWs attempt to escape outside the town of Cowra, NSW, Australia.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners.
  • 1949 – In Ecuador an earthquake destroys 50 towns and kills more than 6,000.
  • 1957 – American Bandstand, a show dedicated to the teenage “baby-boomers” by playing the songs and showing popular dances of the time, debuts on the ABC television network.
  • 1960 – Burkina Faso, then known as “Upper Volta”, becomes independent from France.
  • 1962 – Nelson Mandela is jailed. He would not be released until 1990.
  • 1963 – United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow – American aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS
  • Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes attacked US destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
  • 1969 – Mariner program: Mariner 7 makes its closest fly-by of Mars (3,524 kilometers).
  • 1974 – Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress places a $1 billion dollar limit on military aid to South Vietnam.
  • 1979 – In Afghanistan, Maoists undertake an attempted military uprising.
  • 1981 – Ronald Reagan fires 11,359 striking air-traffic controllers who ignored his order for them to return to work.
  • 1989 – General elections are held in Nicaragua, Sandinista Front wins the majority.
  • 1995 – The city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated as the day of victory (Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day) in Croatia.
  • 2003 – A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.

August 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1301 – Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (d. 1330)
  • 1397 – Guillaume Dufay, Franco-Flemish composer and theorist (d. 1474)
  • 1461 – Alexander Jagiellon, Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1506)
  • 1623 – Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (d. 1669)
  • 1641 – John Hathorne, American magistrate (d. 1717)
  • 1662 – James Anderson, Scottish historian (d. 1728)
  • 1694 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (d. 1744)
  • 1802 – Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1829)
  • 1811 – Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (d. 1896)
  • 1813 – Ivar Aasen, Norwegian poet and language reformer (d. 1896)
  • 1815 – Edward John Eyre, English explorer (d. 1901)
  • 1827 – Deodoro da Fonseca, first President of Brazil (d.1892)
  • 1828 – Louise of the Netherlands, queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1871)
  • 1833 – Carola of Vasa, Queen consort of Saxony (d. 1907)
  • 1850 – Guy de Maupassant, French author (d. 1893)
  • 1862 – Joseph Merrick, the “Elephant Man” (d. 1890)
  • 1866 – Carl Harries, German chemist (d. 1923)
  • 1866 – Harry Trott, Australian cricketer (d. 1917)
  • 1872 – Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (d. 1917)
  • 1877 – Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (d. 1917)
  • 1887 – Reginald Owen, English actor (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Victor Francen, Belgian-born actor (d. 1977)
  • 1889 – Conrad Aiken, American writer (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Erich Kleiber, Austrian-born conductor (d. 1956)
  • 1890 – Naum Gabo, sculptor (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (d. 1972)
  • 1901 – Claude Autant-Lara, French film director (d. 2000)
  • 1906 – John Huston, American director (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Wassily Leontief, Russian economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1906 – Joan Hickson, English actress (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Harold Holt, 17th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Bruno Coquatrix, French songwriter and music impresario (d. 1979)
  • 1911 – Robert Taylor, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1912 – Abbé Pierre, French Catholic priest (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – David Brian, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Tom Drake, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Betty Oliphant, Canadian ballerina (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Devan Nair, President of Singapore
  • 1930 – Neil Armstrong, American astronaut
  • 1930 – Michal Kovác, President of Slovakia
  • 1934 – Wendell Berry, American poet, writer and farmer
  • 1935 – John Saxon, American actor
  • 1937 – Herb Brooks, American ice hockey coach (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Princess Irene of the Netherlands
  • 1941 – Bob Clark, American film director (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – Nelson Briles, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Sammi Smith, American country singer and songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Loni Anderson, American actress
  • 1946 – Ron Silliman, American poet
  • 1946 – Erika Slezak, American actress
  • 1947 – Angry Anderson, Australian entertainer
  • 1947 – Bernie Carbo, American baseball player
  • 1947 – Rick Derringer, American musician
  • 1948 – Carole Laure, French Canadian actress
  • 1948 – Ray Clemence, English footballer
  • 1951 – John Jarratt, Australian actor
  • 1953 – Rick Mahler, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1953 – Samantha Sang, Australian singer
  • 1956 – Jerry Ciccoritti, Canadian film director
  • 1956 – Fred Ottman, American wrestler
  • 1956 – Maureen McCormick, American actress
  • 1957 – Faith Prince, American actress
  • 1959 – Pete Burns, English singer (Dead or Alive)
  • 1960 – Seth Swirsky, American songwriter
  • 1961 – Tawny Kitaen, American actress
  • 1961 – Mark O’Connor, American violinist
  • 1961 – Clayton Rohner, American actor
  • 1962 – Patrick Ewing, American basketball player
  • 1964 – Adam Yauch (MCA), American musician (Beastie Boys)
  • 1965 – Motoi Sakuraba, Japanese composer
  • 1966 – Jonathan Silverman, American actor
  • 1968 – Terri Clark, Canadian country singer
  • 1968 – Funkmaster Flex, American hip hop DJ
  • 1968 – Tokimitsu Ishizawa, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Oleg Luzhny, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1968 – Colin McRae, Scottish rally driver (d. 2007)
  • 1968 – John Olerud, American baseball player
  • 1970 – James Gunn, American filmmaker
  • 1971 – Evil Jared Hasselhoff, American bassist (The Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1972 – Christian Olde Wolbers, Belgian bassist (Fear Factory)
  • 1974 – Alvin Ceccoli, Australian soccer player
  • 1974 – Antoine Sibierski, French footballer
  • 1975 – Antony Cotton, English actor
  • 1975 – Ami Foster, American actress
  • 1975 – Kajol Mukherjee, Indian actress
  • 1976 – Jeff Friesen, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Kwon Sang-woo, South Korean actor
  • 1976 – Marian Pahars, Latvian footballer
  • 1977 – Eric Hinske, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Mark Mulder, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kim Gevaert, Belgian sprinter
  • 1978 – Nektaria Karantzi, Greek singer
  • 1979 – David Healy, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Kaylani Lei, Asian-American porn star
  • 1980 – Wayne Bridge, English footballer
  • 1980 – Jason Culina, Australian soccer player
  • 1980 – Ali Umar, Maldivian footballer
  • 1981 – Carl Crawford, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Rachel Scott, American murder victim (d. 1999)
  • 1981 – Ko Shibasaki, Japanese singer
  • 1981 – Erik Guay, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1981 – Cory Williams, American internet celebrity
  • 1982 – LoLo Jones, American track and field athlete
  • 1982 – Ryu Seung Min, Korean table tennis player
  • 1982 – Tobias Regner, German singer
  • 1983 – Dawn Richard, American singer (Danity Kane)
  • 1985 – Salomon Kalou, Ivorian footballer
  • 1985 – Laurent Ciman, Belgian footballer
  • 1986 – Paula Creamer, American golfer
  • 1987 – Genelia D’Souza, Indian actress
  • 1987 – Xenia Tchoumitcheva, Russian-born Swiss model
  • 1993 – Corey J. Smith, English television actor
  • 1993 – Suzuka Ogo, Japanese actress
  • 2000 – Maya Bond, Japanese-born American singer and musician

August 5 – Deaths:

  • 882 – King Louis III of France (b. 863)
  • 1063 – Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd
  • 1364 – Emperor Kogon of Japan (b. 1313)
  • 1572 – Isaac Luria, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1534)
  • 1579 – Stanislaus Hosius, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1504)
  • 1610 – Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile
  • 1633 – Archbishop George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1562)
  • 1678 – Juan García de Zéspedes, Mexican musician and composer (b. 1619)
  • 1743 – John Hervey, Lord Hervey, English statesman and writer (b. 1696)
  • 1778 – Charles Clémencet, French historian (b. 1703)
  • 1792 – Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1732)
  • 1799 – Richard Howe, British admiral (b. 1726)
  • 1868 – Jacques Boucher de Crèvecoeur de Perthes, French archaeologist (b. 1788)
  • 1880 – Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
  • 1895 – Friedrich Engels, German philosopher (b. 1820)
  • 1911 – Bob Caruthers, baseball player (b. 1864)
  • 1923 – Vatroslav Jagic, Croatian slavist (b. 1835)
  • 1925 – Jennie Lee (actor), American actress (b. 1848)
  • 1929 – Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist and feminist (b. 1847)
  • 1946 – Wilhelm Marx, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1863)
  • 1952 – Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (b. 1917)
  • 1955 – Carmen Miranda, Portuguese actress and singer (b. 1909)
  • 1957 – Heinrich Otto Wieland, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1959 – Edgar Guest, English poet (b. 1881)
  • 1960 – Arthur Meighen, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
  • 1962 – Marilyn Monroe, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 1963 – Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer (b. 1898)
  • 1964 – Art Ross, professional ice hockey player and executive (b. 1886) (Art Ross Trophy)
  • 1972 – Harry Hylton-Foster, Speaker of the British House of Commons (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Jesse Haines, baseball player (b. 1893)
  • 1984 – Richard Burton, British actor (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Paul Brown, American football coach (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Soichiro Honda, founder of the Honda Motor Company (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Jeff Porcaro, American drummer (b. 1954)
  • 1994 – Alain de Changy, Belgian racing driver (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Otto Kretschmer, German U-boat commander (b. 1912)
  • 1998 – Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian Communist dictator from 1956 to 1989 (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Sir Alec Guinness, British actor (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Otto Buchsbaum, writer and ecological activist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Josh Ryan Evans, American actor (b. 1982)
  • 2002 – Chick Hearn, American basketball announcer (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Franco Lucentini, Italian writer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Polina Astakhova, Russian gymnast (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Jim O’Hora, American football coach (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Raul Roco, Philippine senator (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Susan Butcher, American Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race champion (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Florian Pittis, Romanian artist (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Jean-Marie Lustiger, Cardinal of France

August 5 – Holidays:

  • Burkina Faso – Independence Day.
  • Croatia – Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day.
  • Chile – Children’s Day

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 4

August 4 – Events:

  • 70 – The destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans.
  • 1265 – Second Barons’ War: Battle of Evesham – The army of Prince Edward (future Edward I of England) defeated the forces of rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester; killing de Montfort and many of his allies. (This is sometimes considered the end of the age of chivalry in England.)
  • 1578 – Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir – Moroccans defeat Portuguese. King Sebastian of Portugal is defeated and killed in North Africa, leaving his elderly uncle, Cardinal Henry, as his heir. This initiates a succession crisis in Portugal.
  • 1693 – Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Perignon’s invention of Champagne.
  • 1704 – War of the Spanish Succession: Gibraltar captured by English and Dutch fleet, commanded by Admiral Sir George Rooke and allied with Archduke Charles.
  • 1789 – In France members of the National Constituent Assembly take an oath to end feudalism and abandon their privileges.
  • 1790 – A newly passed tariff act creates the Revenue Cutter Service (the forerunner of the United States Coast Guard).
  • 1821 – Atkinson & Alexander publish the Saturday Evening Post for the first time as a weekly newspaper.
  • 1824 – Battle of Kos fought between Turks and Greeks.
  • 1854 – The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
  • 1873 – Indian Wars: While protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clash for the first time with the Sioux (near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed).
  • 1892 – The family of Lizzie Borden is found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home.
  • 1902 – Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opens.
  • 1906 – Central Railway Station, Sydney opens.
  • 1914 – World War I: Germany invades Belgium; in response, the United Kingdom declares war on Germany. The United States proclaims neutrality.
  • 1916 – World War I: Liberia declares war on Germany.
  • 1924 – The diplomatic relations between Mexico and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1936 – Greek General Ioannis Metaxas, leader of the 4th of August Regime, suspends parliament and the Constitution and declares himself dictator.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse where they find Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family.
  • 1947 – The Supreme Court of Japan is established.
  • 1954 – Government of Pakistan approves the National Anthem, written by Hafeez Jullundhry and composed by Ahmed G. Chagla.
  • 1964 – American civil rights movement: Civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney are found dead in Mississippi after disappearing on June 21.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: United States destroyers USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy report coming attack in the Gulf of Tonkin. The destroyers open fire at what they believed were Vietnam People’s Army torpedo boats, although subsequent work has raised doubts the targets were real. This engagement became known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, US representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan Thuy begin secret peace negotiations. The negotiations will eventually fail.
  • 1975 – The Japanese Red Army takes more than 50 hostages at the AIA Building housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The hostages included the U.S. consul and the Swedish charge d’affaires. The gunmen win the release of five imprisoned comrades and fly with them to Libya.
  • 1977 – US President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.
  • 1984 – The African republic Upper Volta changes its name to Burkina Faso.
  • 1987 – The Federal Communications Commission rescinds the Fairness Doctrine which had required radio and television stations to “fairly” present controversial issues.
  • 1991 – The Greek cruise ship Oceanos sinks off the Wild Coast of South Africa.
  • 1993 – A federal judge sentences LAPD officers Stacey Koon and Laurence Powell to 30 months in prison for violating motorist Rodney King’s civil rights.
  • 1995 – Operation Storm begins in Croatia.
  • 1997 – 185,000 Teamsters union United Parcel Service drivers walk off the job.
  • 2002 – Soham murders: 10 year old school girls Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells go missing from the town of Soham, Cambridgeshire.
  • 2005 – Prime Minister Paul Martin announces that Michaëlle Jean will be Canada’s 27th – and first black – Governor General.
  • 2006 – Dame Silvia Cartwright steps down as the Governor-General of New Zealand and was replaced by The Honourable Anand Satyanand, who was sworn in on 23 August.

August 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1222 – Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (d. 1262)
  • 1290 – Duke Leopold I of Austria (d. 1326)
  • 1521 – Pope Urban VII (d. 1590)
  • 1604 – François Hédelin, abbé d’Aubignac, French writer (d. 1676)
  • 1701 – Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1719 – Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minerologist and geologist (d. 1767)
  • 1721 – Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician (d. 1803)
  • 1755 – Nicolas-Jacques Conté, French painter, inventor of the modern pencil (d. 1805)
  • 1792 – Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (d. 1822)
  • 1805 – William Rowan Hamilton, Irish mathematician (d. 1865)
  • 1821 – James White, cofunder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – Louis Vuitton, founder of Louis Vuitton (d. 1892)
  • 1834 – John Venn, English mathematician (d. 1923)
  • 1848 – Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
  • 1859 – Knut Hamsun, Norwegian writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1952)
  • 1867 – Jake Beckley, baseball player (d. 1918)
  • 1870 – Sir Harry Lauder, Scottish entertainer (d. 1950)
  • 1884 – Henri Cornet, French cyclist (d. 1941)
  • 1888 – Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader (d. 1965)
  • 1890 – Dolf Luque, baseball player (d. 1957)
  • 1900 – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, (Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother), Queen consort of George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 2002)
  • 1901 – Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician (d. 1971)
  • 1902 – Wild Bill Hallahan, baseball player (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Witold Gombrowicz, Polish novelist and dramatist (d. 1969)
  • 1904 – Joe Tate, English footballer (d. 1973)
  • 1906 – Eugen Schuhmacher, German zoologist (d. 1973)
  • 1906 – Marie-José of Belgium, queen of Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Glenn Cunningham, runner (d. 1988)
  • 1910 – William Schuman, American composer (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat (d. 1947)
  • 1913 – Robert Hayden, American poet (d. 1980)
  • 1915 – Warren Avis, founder of Avis car rentals (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Iceberg Slim, popular African-American author also known as Robert Beck (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Helen Thomas, American journalist
  • 1921 – Maurice Richard, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi, Pakistani satirical and humor writer
  • 1923 – Reg Grundy, Australian media and television mogul
  • 1927 – Jess Thomas, American tenor (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Christian Goethals, Belgian racing driver (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Kishore Kumar, Indian singer and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1930 – Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, one of the most senior shia clerics of the 21st century.
  • 1936 – Assia Djebar, Algerian writer and filmmaker
  • 1937 – David Bedford, English musician
  • 1938 – Ellen Schrecker, American college professor
  • 1940 – Abdurrahman Wahid, 4th President of Indonesia
  • 1940 – Timi Yuro, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – Martin Jarvis, English actor
  • 1942 – Don S. Davis, American actor
  • 1942 – Cleon Jones, American baseball player
  • 1942 – David Lange, New Zealand politician (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper
  • 1944 – Richard Belzer, American actor and comedian
  • 1944 – Doudou Ndoye?, Senegalese lawyer and politician
  • 1946 – Maureen Starkey, ex-wife of Ringo Starr (d. 1994)
  • 1947 – Klaus Schulze, German composer
  • 1948 – Johnny Grubb, American baseball player
  • 1952 – Moya Brennan, Irish singer
  • 1952 – Gábor Demszky, Hungarian politician
  • 1955 – Billy Bob Thornton, American actor and writer
  • 1955 – Alberto Gonzales, American U.S. Attorney General
  • 1956 – Gerry Cooney, American boxer
  • 1957 – John Wark, Scottish footballer
  • 1957 – Brooks D. Simpson, American historian
  • 1958 – Mary Decker, American athlete
  • 1958 – Allison Hedge Coke, American poet and writer
  • 1958 – Kym Karath, American actress
  • 1959 – Robbin Crosby, American musician (Ratt) (d. 2002)
  • 1959 – John Gormley, Irish politician
  • 1960 – Dean Malenko, American professional wrestler
  • 1960 – José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish politician
  • 1961 – Barack Obama, American politician
  • 1961 – Lauren Tom, American actress
  • 1962 – Roger Clemens, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Paul Reynolds, British musician
  • 1963 – Gary King, British DJ
  • 1964 – Andrew Bartlett, Australian politician
  • 1965 – Fredrik Reinfeldt, Swedish politician
  • 1965 – Dennis Lehane, American crime writer
  • 1966 – Kensuke Sasaki, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1967 – Timothy Adams, American actor
  • 1967 – Mike Marsh, American athlete
  • 1968 – Daniel Dae Kim, American actor
  • 1968 – Marcus Schenkenberg, Swedish model
  • 1969 – Troy O’Leary, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Michael DeLuise, American actor
  • 1970 – John August, American screenwriter
  • 1971 – Jeff Gordon, American race car driver
  • 1972 – Stefan Brogren, Canadian actor
  • 1973 – Xavier Marchand, French swimmer
  • 1973 – Eva Amaral, Spanish singer and songwriter
  • 1974 – Kily González, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Keenan Milton, Professional Skater
  • 1975 – Daniella van Graas, Dutch model and actress
  • 1975 – Andy Hallett, American actor
  • 1977 – Luís Boa Morte, Portuguese footballer
  • 1977 – Frankie Kazarian, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Kurt Busch, American race car driver
  • 1980 – Dingdong Dantes, Filipino actor
  • 1981 – Marques Houston, American singer (IMx)
  • 1981 – Frédérick Bousquet, French swimmer
  • 1981 – Abigail Spencer, American actress
  • 1985 – Ha Seung-Jin, Korean basketball player
  • 1985 – Luis Antonio Valencia, Ecuadorean footballer
  • 1985 – Mark Milligan, Australian footballer
  • 1988 – Lou Uhler WIDB and WSIU-TV Sportscaster
  • 1989 – Jessica Mauboy, Australian Idol contestant
  • 1992 – Tiffany Evans, American singer
  • 1992 – Dylan and Cole Sprouse, Italian-born American child actors

August 4 – Holidays:

  • Saint Sithney, patron saint of mad dogs
  • Saint John Vianney (Jean-Marie Vianney), parish priest, patron saint of priests

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized