On This Day in History November 9

November 9 – Events:

  • 694 – Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery.
  • 1282 – Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon.
  • 1313 – Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gamelsdorf.
  • 1330 – Battle of Posada, Wallachian Voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush.
  • 1492 – Peace of Etaples between Henry VII and Charles VIII.
  • 1494 – Family de’ Medici become rulers of Florence.
  • 1620 – Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
  • 1688 – The Glorious Revolution: William of Orange captures Exeter.
  • 1697 – Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia.
  • 1729 – Spain, France and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Seville.
  • 1764 – Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.
  • 1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte leads the Coup d’état of 18 Brumaire ending the Directory government, and becoming one of its three Consuls (Consulate Government).
  • 1848 – Robert Blum, a German revolutionary, is executed in Vienna.
  • 1851 – Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
  • 1861 – The first documented football match in Canada is played at University College, University of Toronto.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Union General Ambrose Burnside assumes command of the Army of the Potomac, after George B. McClellan is removed.
  • 1867 – Tokugawa Shogunate hands power back to the Emperor of Japan, starting the Meiji Restoration.
  • 1872 – The Great Boston Fire of 1872.
  • 1887 – The United States receives rights to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  • 1888 – Jack the Ripper kills Mary Jane Kelly, his last known victim.
  • 1906 – Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting President of the United States to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal.
  • 1907 – The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII on his birthday.
  • 1917 – Josef Stalin enters the provisional government of the USSR.
  • 1918 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates after the German Revolution, and Germany is proclaimed a Republic.
  • 1921 – Albert Einstein is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work with the photoelectric effect.
  • 1923 – In Munich, Germany, police and government troops crush the Beer Hall Putsch in Bavaria. The failed coup is the work of the Nazis.
  • 1932 – Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60.
  • 1935 – The Congress of Industrial Organizations is founded in Atlantic City, New Jersey by eight trade unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor.
  • 1937 – Japanese troops take control of Shanghai, China.
  • 1938 – Kristallnacht, Nazi Germany’s first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins.
  • 1953 – Cambodia becomes independent from France.
  • 1960 – Robert McNamara is named president of Ford Motor Co., the first non-Ford to serve in that post. A month later, he quit to join the newly-elected John F. Kennedy administration.
  • 1963 – At Miike coal mine, Miike, Japan, an explosion kills 458, and hospitalises 839 with carbon monoxide poisoning. Also, in Japan, a three-train disaster occurs in Yokohama, kills more than 160 people.
  • 1965 – Several U.S. states and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast Blackout of 1965.
  • 1965 – Catholic Worker member Roger Allen LaPorte, protesting against the Vietnam War, sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building.
  • 1965 – Northeast Blackout of 1965, The power lines from Niagara Falls to New York City were operating near their maximum capacity. At about 5:15 a transmission line relay failed.
  • 1967 – Apollo program: NASA launches the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft atop the first Saturn V rocket from Cape Kennedy, Florida.
  • 1967 – First issue of Rolling Stone Magazine is published.
  • 1968 – Swedish jazz pianist Jan Johansson is killed in a car crash on his way to a concert in a church in Jönköping, Sweden.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6 to 3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
  • 1971 – John List, an accountant from Westfield, New Jersey murders his mother, wife and three children. He then hides under a new identity for 18 years.
  • 1985 – Garry Kasparov 22, of the Soviet Union becomes the youngest World Chess Champion by beating Anatoly Karpov, also of the Soviet Union.
  • 1989 – Cold War: Fall of the Berlin Wall. Communist-controlled East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall allowing its citizens to freely travel to West Germany. People start demolishing the Berlin Wall.
  • 1990 – New democratic constitution is issued in Nepal.
  • 1990 – Mary Robinson was elected Ireland’s first female President and the first from the Labour Party.
  • 1993 – Stari most, the “old bridge” in Bosnian Mostar built in 1566, collapses after several days of bombing.
  • 1994 – Discovery of the chemical element, Darmstadtium.
  • 1998 – Brokerage houses are ordered to pay 1.03 billion USD to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for their price-fixing. This is the largest civil settlement in United States history.
  • 1998 – Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences.
  • 1999 – TAESA Flight 725, crashes a few minutes after leaving the Uruapan airport  enroute to Mexico City. 18 people were killed in the accident.
  • 2003 – During the holy month of Ramadan, a suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.
  • 2005 – The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency is launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
  • 2005 – Suicide bombers attacked three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing at least 60 people.

November 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1389 – Isabella of Valois, queen consort of England (d. 1409)
  • 1414 – Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg (d. 1486)
  • 1522 – Martin Chemnitz, German theologian (d. 1586)
  • 1664 – Henry Wharton, English writer (d. 1695)
  • 1717 – Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German archaeologist (d. 1768)
  • 1721 – Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (d. 1770)
  • 1731 – Benjamin Banneker, American scientist (d. 1806)
  • 1732 – Julie de Lespinasse, French aristocrat, hostess and writer (d. 1776)
  • 1802 – Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (d. 1837)
  • 1810 – Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1887)
  • 1818 (N.S.) – Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer (d. 1883)
  • 1825 – A.P. Hill, American Confederate general (d. 1865)
  • 1832 – Émile Gaboriau, French writer (d. 1873)
  • 1840 – Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French Canadian lawyer (d. 1898)
  • 1841 – King Edward VII of the United Kingdom (d. 1910)
  • 1853 – Stanford White, American architect (d. 1906)
  • 1869 – Marie Dressler, Canadian actress (d. 1934)
  • 1872 – Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet (d. 1941)
  • 1873 – Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist (d. 1941)
  • 1874 – Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist (d. 1954)
  • 1877 – Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician (d. 1959)
  • 1877 – Allama Iqbal, Indian National poet of Pakistan (d. 1938)
  • 1879 – Milan Šufflay, Croatian politician (d. 1931)
  • 1880 – Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, English architect, designer of the red telephone box (d. 1960)
  • 1883 – Edna May Oliver, American actress (d. 1942)
  • 1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian writer (d. 1922)
  • 1885 – Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (d. 1955)
  • 1885 – Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (d. 1954)
  • 1885 – Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor (d. 1952)
  • 1886 – S. O. Davies, Welsh politician (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Ed Wynn, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1889 – Jean Monnet, French internationalist (d. 1979)
  • 1890 – George Regas, Greek actor (d. 1940)
  • 1895 – Mae Marsh, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1897 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)
  • 1902 – Anthony Asquith, British film director (d. 1968)
  • 1904 – Viktor Brack, Nazi physician (d. 1948)
  • 1905 – Erika Mann, German writer (d. 1969)
  • 1906 – Arthur Rudolph, German rocket engineer (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Tabish Dehlvi, Pakistani poet (d. 2004)
  • 1913 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian actress and inventor (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – André François, French cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Sargent Shriver, American politician
  • 1918 – Choi Hong Hi, Founder of Taekwon-Do (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Spiro Agnew, 39th Vice President of the United States (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Viktor Chukarin, Soviet gymnast (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – Pierrette Alarie, Canadian soprano
  • 1922 – Raymond Devos, French humorist (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Imre Lakatos, Hungarian philosopher (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Alice Coachman, American athlete
  • 1923 – Dorothy Dandridge, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1924 – Robert Frank, Swiss Photographer
  • 1925 – Sir Alistair Horne, British historian
  • 1926 – Dominguín, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Anne Sexton, American poet (d. 1974)
  • 1929 – Marc Favreau, French Canadian humourist (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Imre Kertész, Hungarian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 – Whitey Herzog, American baseball player
  • 1934 – Ingvar Carlsson, Swedish politician
  • 1934 – Carl Sagan, American astronomer and writer (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Bob Gibson, American baseball player
  • 1936 – Daniel Robert Graham, American politician
  • 1936 – Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (d. 1992)
  • 1936 – Teddy Infuhr, American former child actor (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Roger McGough, English poet
  • 1937 – Clyde Wells, Canadian politician
  • 1938 – Ti-Grace Atkinson, American feminist author
  • 1939 – Paul Cameron, American psychologist
  • 1941 – Tom Fogerty, American musician (Creedence Clearwater Revival) (d. 1990)
  • 1942 – Tom Weiskopf, American golfer
  • 1944 – Phil May, English singer (The Pretty Things)
  • 1947 – Robert David Hall, American actor
  • 1948 – Michel Pagliaro, Quebec singer
  • 1948 – Bille August, Danish film and television director
  • 1948 – Henrik S. Järrel, Swedish politician
  • 1951 – Lou Ferrigno, American bodybuilder
  • 1951 – Bill Mantlo, American comic book writer
  • 1953 – Gaétan Hart, Canadian boxer
  • 1954 – Dennis Stratton, British musician, (Iron Maiden, Praying Mantis)
  • 1954 – Sue Upton, English actress and dancer
  • 1955 – Bob Nault, French Canadian politician
  • 1955 – Karen Dotrice, British actress
  • 1955 – Fernando Meirelles, Brazilian film director
  • 1959 – Thomas Quasthoff, German singer
  • 1959 – Tony Slattery, British actor
  • 1959 – Nick Hamilton, American wrestling referee
  • 1959 – Sito Pons, Spanish motorbike racer
  • 1961 – Jill Dando, British television presenter (d. 1999)
  • 1963 – Fulvio Fantoni, Italian bridge player
  • 1964 – Robert Duncan McNeill, American actor
  • 1965 – Bryn Terfel, Welsh baritone
  • 1965 – Teryl Rothery, Canadian actress
  • 1967 – Ricky Otto, English footballer
  • 1968 – Nazzareno Carusi, Italian pianist
  • 1969 – Allison Wolfe, American musician (Bratmobile, Cold Cold Hearts, Partyline)
  • 1964 – Sandy Denton, American musician (“Pepa” of Salt-N-Pepa)
  • 1970 – Chris Jericho, Canadian wrestler and musician (Fozzy)
  • 1970 – Susan Tedeschi, American musician
  • 1970 – Guido Görtzen, Dutch volleyball player
  • 1970 – Scarface, American rapper
  • 1970 – Domino (Hip Hop Producer), American Hip Hop Producer
  • 1971 – David Duval, American golfer
  • 1971 – Melinda Kinnaman, Swedish actress
  • 1971 – Big Punisher, real name Christopher Rios, American rapper (d. 2000)
  • 1972 – Eric Dane, American actor
  • 1972 – Doug Russell, American radio personality
  • 1972 – Corin Tucker, American musician (Sleater-Kinney)
  • 1973 – Alyson Court, Canadian actress
  • 1973 – Nick Lachey, American singer
  • 1973 – Gabrielle Miller, American actress
  • 1973 – Zisis Vryzas, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Alessandro Del Piero, Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Joe C., American rapper (d. 2000)
  • 1974 – Uncle Kracker, American singer and rapper
  • 1978 – Steven Lopez, American taekwondo martial artist
  • 1978 – Todd Self, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Sisqó, American singer (Dru Hill)
  • 1979 – Adam Dunn, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Caroline Flack, British television presenter
  • 1979 – Martin Taylor, English footballer
  • 1980 – James Harper, English footballer
  • 1980 – Dominique Maltais, Quebec snowboarder
  • 1981 – Scottie Thompson, American actress
  • 1984 – Delta Goodrem, Australian singer
  • 1984 – Joel Zumaya, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Nikki Blonsky, American actress

November 9 – Deaths:

  • 959 – Constantine VII, Byzantine Emperor (b. 905)
  • 1187 – Emperor Gaozong of China (b. 1107)
  • 1208 – Sancha of Castile, wife of Alfonso II of Aragon (b. 1155)
  • 1504 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)
  • 1623 – William Camden, English historian (b. 1551)
  • 1641 – Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand, Governor of the Netherlands and Bishop of Toledo
  • 1699 – Hortense Mancini, mistress of Charles II, King of England (b. 1646)
  • 1766 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer (b. 1692)
  • 1770 – John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1778 – Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian artist (b. 1720)
  • 1809 – Paul Sandby, English cartographer (b. 1725)
  • 1848 – Robert Blum, German politician (b. 1810)
  • 1881 – Edwin Drake, Father of the oil industry, drilled the first oil well.
  • 1888 – Mary Jane Kelly, last known Jack the Ripper victim.
  • 1911 – Howard Pyle, American author (b. 1853)
  • 1918 – Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet (b. 1880)
  • 1919 – Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1848)
  • 1924 – Henry Cabot Lodge, American Senator (b. 1850)
  • 1937 – Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1866)
  • 1938 – Vasily Blyukher, Soviet military commander (b.1889)
  • 1940 – Stephen Peter Alencastre, Portuguese Catholic prelate (b. 1876)
  • 1940 – Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1869)
  • 1942 – Edna May Oliver, American actress (b. 1883)
  • 1944 – Frank Marshall, American chess player (b. 1877)
  • 1951 – Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-born composer (b. 1887)
  • 1952 – Chaim Weizmann, 1st President of Israel (b. 1874)
  • 1952 – Philip Murray, 1st president of the United Steelworkers and longest-serving president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (b. 1886)
  • 1953 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (b. 1914)
  • 1953 – Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, first King of Saudi Arabia (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Peter O’Connor, Irish athlete (b. 1872)
  • 1968 – Jan Johansson, Swedish jazz pianist (b. 1931)
  • 1970 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Maude Fealy, American actor (b. 1881)
  • 1977 – Fred Haney, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – Victor Sen Yung, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1988 – Father David Bauer, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1924)
  • 1988 – John N. Mitchell, United States Attorney General (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Yves Montand, French actor (b. 1921)
  • 1997 – Helenio Herrera, French football player and coach (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Ursula Reit, German actress (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Hugh Paddick, British actor (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – William Schutz, American psychologist (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – Merlin Santana, American actor (b. 1976)
  • 2003 – Art Carney, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Gordon Onslow Ford, English painter (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Binod Bihari Verma, Indian Maithili literateur (b.1937)
  • 2004 – Iris Chang, Asian author (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – K. R. Narayanan, President of India (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Ed Bradley, American journalist (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Markus Wolf, East German Intelligence Director (b. 1923)

November 9 – Holidays:

  • Roman Catholicism – Dedication of the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Cathedral of the Pope (memorial feast day)
  • Cambodia – Independence Day (1953)
  • Pakistan – Allama Iqbal Day (1877)
  • Germany – November 9th is often called Germany’s Schicksalstag (day of fate) due to the events of 1848, 1918, 1923, 1938, and 1989.
  • Europe – Inventor’s Day – in honor of Hedy Lamarr’s birthday
  • United States – World Freedom Day, to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989
  • United Kingdom – 313 day
  • International – Diwali
  • Bolivia – Dia de los ñatitas

 

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On This Day in History November 8

November 8 – Events:

  • 1519 – Hernán Cortés enters Tenochtitlán and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with great a celebration as would befit a returning god.
  • 1520 – Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.
  • 1576 – Eighty Years’ War: Pacification of Ghent – The States-General of the Netherlands meet and unite to oppose Spanish occupation.
  • 1602 – The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened to the public.
  • 1620 – The Battle of White Mountain takes place near Prague, ending in a decisive Catholic victory in only two hours.
  • 1793 – In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum.
  • 1837 – Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, which later becomes Mount Holyoke College.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The “Trent Affair” – The USS San Jacinto stops the United Kingdom mail ship Trent and arrests two Confederate envoys, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the UK and US.
  • 1889 – Montana is admitted as the 41st U.S. state.
  • 1892 – The New Orleans general strike begins, uniting black and white American trade unionists in a successful four-day general strike action for the first time.
  • 1895 – While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Röntgen discovers the X-ray.
  • 1901 – Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.
  • 1917 – The People’s Commissars give authority to Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Josef Stalin.
  • 1923 – Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: New Deal – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
  • 1935 – A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with advancing industrial unionism.
  • 1935 – Fernand Bouisson becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1937 – The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude (“The Eternal Jew”) opens in Munich.
  • 1937 – The Chinese Youth Journalist Association is created in Shanghai. It is now known as Chinese Journalist Day.
  • 1938 – A pogrom against the Jews of Germany and Austria takes place in response to the assassination of a German diplomat in Paris.
  • 1939 – Venlo Incident: Two British agents of SIS are captured by the Germans.
  • 1939 – In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes an assassination attempt while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.
  • 1941 – The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: In Ternopil, western Ukraine, the German SS deport about 2,400 Jews from Ternopil ghetto to the Belzec death camp, in the so called “Second Aktion”. When the Germans captured Ternopil, about 18,000 Jews lived in the city.
  • 1942 – World War II: Operation Torch – United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa.
  • 1942 – World War II: French resistance coup in Algiers, in which 400 civilian French patriots neutralize Vichyist XIXth Army Corps after 15 hours of fighting, and arrest several Vichyst generals, allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers.
  • 1950 – Korean War: United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dogfight in history.
  • 1965 – The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands.
  • 1965 – The Murder (Abolition of the Death Penalty) Act 1965 is given Royal Assent, formally abolishing the death penalty in the United Kingdom.
  • 1965 – The 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Operation Hump during the Vietnam War.
  • 1966 – Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African American elected to the United States Senate.
  • 1966 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law an antitrust exemption allowing the National Football League to merge with the upstart American Football League.
  • 1973 – The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay 2.9 million USD.
  • 1976 – A series of earthquakes spreads panic in the city of Thessaloniki, which is evacuated.
  • 1977 – Manolis Andronikos, a Greek Archaeologist and professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina.
  • 1979 – The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) is formed.
  • 1987 – Remembrance Day Bombing: In Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, an Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes, at a ceremony honoring Britain’s war dead, killing eleven people.
  • 1989 – Hong Kong’s MTR Lam Tin Station comes into service.
  • 2002 – Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face “serious consequences.”
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • 2006 – Kathiraveli November 2006 massacre
  • 2006 – Beit Hanoun November 2006 incident

November 8 – Birthdays:

  • 35 – Nerva, Roman Emperor (d. 98)
  • 1342 – Julian of Norwich, English saint (d. 1416)
  • 1431 – Vlad III the Impaler, Wallachian prince (d. 1476)
  • 1491 – Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (d. 1544)
  • 1622 – King Charles X of Sweden (d. 1660)
  • 1656 (N.S.) – Edmond Halley, British astronomer and mathematician (d. 1742)
  • 1706 – Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (d. 1772)
  • 1710 – Sarah Fielding, English writer (d. 1768)
  • 1715 – Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, wife of Frederick II of Prussia (d. 1797)
  • 1723 – John Byron, British naval officer (d. 1786)
  • 1768 – Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, (d. 1840)
  • 1777 – Désirée Clary, queen of Sweden (d. 1860)
  • 1836 – Milton Bradley, American game manufacturer (d. 1911)
  • 1847 – Jean Casimir-Perier, French politician (d. 1907)
  • 1847 – Bram Stoker, Irish novelist (d. 1912)
  • 1848 – Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician (d. 1925)
  • 1854 – Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (d. 1919)
  • 1866 – Herbert Austin, English automobile pioneer (d. 1941)
  • 1868 – Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (d. 1942)
  • 1869 – Zinaida Gippius, Russian woman-poet in exile in France (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Arnold Bax, English composer (d. 1953)
  • 1884 – Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1885 – Hans Cloos, German geologist (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (d. 1946)
  • 1885 – Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (d. 1966)
  • 1893 – Clarence Williams, American composer (d. 1965)
  • 1893 – Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (d. 1941)
  • 1895 – Photios Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer (d. 1965)
  • 1896 – Bucky Harris, baseball player (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Dorothy Day, social activist (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Marie Prevost, Canadian actress (d. 1937)
  • 1900 – Margaret Mitchell, American author (d. 1949)
  • 1900 – Charlie Paddock, American athlete (d. 1943)
  • 1904 – Cedric Belfrage English-born writer (d. 1990)
  • 1908 – Martha Gellhorn, American writer (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – June Havoc, American actress
  • 1918 – Hermann Zapf, German designer
  • 1919 – P. L. Deshpande, Indian author (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Esther Rolle, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian cardinal
  • 1922 – Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazilian footballer (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Joe Flynn, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1927 – Ken Dodd, English comedian
  • 1927 – Nguyen Khanh, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
  • 1927 – Patti Page, American singer
  • 1929 – António Castanheira Neves, Portuguese philosopher
  • 1929 – Bobby Bowden, American football coach
  • 1931 – Darla Hood, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1931 – Morley Safer, Canadian journalist
  • 1933 – Peter Arundell, British racing driver
  • 1935 – Alain Delon, French actor
  • 1935 – Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal Bishop
  • 1938 – Driss Basri, Moroccan Interior Minister (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Angel Cordero Jr., Puerto Rican jockey
  • 1943 – Martin Peters, English footballer
  • 1944 – Bonnie Bramlett, American singer (Delaney, Bonnie & Friends)
  • 1945 – Don Murray, American musician (The Turtles)
  • 1946 – Guus Hiddink, Dutch football coach
  • 1946 – Roy Wood, English songwriter and musician (Electric Light Orchestra, The Move, Wizzard)
  • 1947 – Minnie Riperton, American singer (d. 1979)
  • 1949 – Bonnie Raitt, American singer
  • 1950 – Mary Hart, American television personality
  • 1951 – Alfredo Astiz, Argentine general
  • 1952 – Jan Raas, Dutch cyclist
  • 1952 – Christie Hefner, CEO of Playboy Enterprises
  • 1952 – John Denny, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Alfre Woodard, American actress
  • 1954 – Michael D. Brown, U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency director
  • 1954 – Kazuo Ishiguro, British author
  • 1954 – Rickie Lee Jones, American singer
  • 1954 – Jeanette McGruder, American musician (P Funk)
  • 1956 – Richard Curtis, British screenwriter
  • 1957 – Porl Thompson, British musician (The Cure)
  • 1957 – Alan Curbishley, English football manager
  • 1958 – Don Byron, American clarinetist
  • 1960 – Oleg Menshikov, Russian actor
  • 1960 – Michael Nyqvist, Swedish actor
  • 1961 – Leif Garrett, American singer
  • 1965 – Jeff Blauser, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Craig Chester, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Gordon Ramsay, British chef and reality television personality
  • 1967 – Courtney Thorne-Smith, American actress
  • 1967 – Henry Rodriguez, Dominican Republic baseball player
  • 1968 – Parker Posey, American actress
  • 1968 – Zara Whites, Dutch actress
  • 1968 – Sergio Porrini, Italian footballer
  • 1969 – Roxana Zal, American actress
  • 1970 – Tom Anderson, co-founder of MySpace
  • 1970 – José Francisco Porras, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1970 – Diana King, Jamaican singer
  • 1971 – Carlos Atanes, Spanish film director
  • 1971 – Aaron Yates (Tech N9NE), American rapper
  • 1972 – Gretchen Mol, American actress
  • 1974 – Masashi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author
  • 1974 – Seishi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author
  • 1975 – Tara Reid, American actress
  • 1975 – José Pinto, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Brett Lee, Australian cricketer
  • 1976 – Colin Strause, American director
  • 1977 – Bucky Covington, American entertainer
  • 1977 – Jully Black, Canadian R&B singer
  • 1977 – Nick Punto, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Ali Karimi, Iranian footballer
  • 1978 – Júlio Sérgio Bertagnoli, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978 – Tim de Cler, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Maurice Evans, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Spyros Gogolos, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Aaron Hughes, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Joe Cole, English footballer
  • 1982 – Mika Kallio, Finnish Grand Prix motorcycle racer
  • 1983 – Kat Shoob, British television presenter
  • 1983 – Blanka Vlašic, Croatian high jumper
  • 1983 – Remko Pasveer, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Nayanthara, Indian actress
  • 1985 – Jack Osbourne, English television star
  • 2003 – Lady Louise Windsor, British royal

November 8 – Deaths:

  • 911 – Louis the Child, last Carolingian ruler of the East Franks (b. 893)
  • 955 – Pope Agapetus II
  • 1171 – Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut (b. 1108)
  • 1195 – Conrad of Hohenstaufen
  • 1226 – King Louis VIII of France (b. 1187)
  • 1246 – Berenguela of Castile, wife of Alfonso IX of Castile (b. 1180)
  • 1308 – Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher
  • 1517 – Francisco Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros, Spanish statesman (b. 1436)
  • 1527 – Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)
  • 1599 – Francisco Guerrero, Spanish composer (b. 1528)
  • 1600 – Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
  • 1605 – Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)
  • 1658 – Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (b. 1599)
  • 1674 – John Milton, English poet (b. 1608)
  • 1719 – Michel Rolle, French mathematician (b. 1652)
  • 1817 – Andrea Appiani, Italian painter (b. 1754)
  • 1830 – King Francis I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1777)
  • 1887 – Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter (b. 1851)
  • 1890 – César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (b. 1822)
  • 1905 – Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (b. 1870)
  • 1917 – Colin Blythe, English cricketer (b. 1879)
  • 1921 – Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
  • 1934 – Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (b. 1879)
  • 1944 – Walter Nowotny, Austrian/German fighter pilot (b. 1920)
  • 1945 – August von Mackensen, German field marshal (b. 1849)
  • 1949 – Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian clergyman (b. 1874)
  • 1953 – Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
  • 1953 – John van Melle, South African author (b. 1887)
  • 1959 – Frank Sherman Land, founder of DeMolay International (b. 1890)
  • 1965 – Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1913)
  • 1968 – Wendell Corey, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1970 – Huw Thomas Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Ivory Joe Hunter, American R&B singer, pianist and songwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1977 – Bucky Harris, baseball player (b. 1896)
  • 1978 – Norman Rockwell, American illustrator (b. 1894)
  • 1979 – Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Mordecai Kaplan, Rabbi, founded Reconstructionist Judaism (b. 1881)
  • 1985 – Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgish cyclist (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician (b. 1890)
  • 1993 – Andrey Nikolayevich Tychonoff, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Michael O’Donoghue, American writer (b. 1940)
  • 1998 – Jean Marais, French actor (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1941)
  • 1999 – Leon Štukelj, Slovenian gymnast (b. 1898)
  • 2002 – Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (b. 1931)
  • 2003 – Bob Grant, English actor (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – C. Z. Guest, American socialite (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Guy Speranza, American singer, original Riot frontman (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – David Westheimer, American novelist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Alekos Alexandrakis, Greek actor (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Chad Varah founder of charity The Samaritans (b. 1911)

November 8-Holidays:

  • Mundus patet: a harvest feast involving the dead.
  • Synaxis of the Archangel Michael and the other Bodiless Powers of Heaven in Greece, Cyprus and all other Eastern Orthodox Churches worldwide.
  • Saint Demetrius Day (Mitrovdan) in Yugoslavia (Eastern Orthodox).
  • Feast of Blessed Elizabeth of the Trinity in the Catholic Church

 

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On This Day in History November 7

November 7 – Events:

  • 1492 – The Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.
  • 1665 – The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.
  • 1786 – The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.
  • 1811 – Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, United States.
  • 1837 – In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Belmont: In Belmont, Missouri, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant overrun a Confederate camp but are forced to retreat when Confederate reinforcements arrive.
  • 1874 – A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.
  • 1885 – In Craigellachie, British Columbia, construction ends on the Canadian Pacific Railway railway extending across Canada.
  • 1893 – Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote.
  • 1900 – Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.
  • 1907 – Delta Sigma Pi was founded at New York University.
  • 1910 – The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
  • 1912 – The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven’s Fidelio.
  • 1914 – The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
  • 1914 – The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
  • 1916 – Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the United States Congress.
  • 1917 – Russian Revolution: In Petrograd, Russia, Bolshevik leaders Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky lead revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government (As Russia was still using the Julian Calendar, subsequent period references show the date as October 25).
  • 1917 – World War I: Third Battle of Gaza ends: British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1918 – The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.
  • 1921 – The Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF), National Fascist Party, comes into existence.
  • 1929 – In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public.
  • 1931 – The Chinese Soviet Republic is proclaimed on the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution.
  • 1933 – Fiorello H. LaGuardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
  • 1940 – In Tacoma, Washington, the middle section of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (“Galloping Gertie”) collapses in a windstorm, a mere four months after the bridge’s completion.
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet hospital ship Armenia was sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimea’s hospitals. It is estimated that over 5,000 people died in the sinking.
  • 1941 – Holocaust: In Nemyriv, Ukraine, German fascists murder 2580 Jews.
  • 1944 – A passenger train derails in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico from excessive speed when descending a hill. 16 people were killed and 50 were injured.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.
  • 1957 – Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
  • 1963 – Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.
  • 1967 – Carl B. Stokes is elected as Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major American city.
  • 1967 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
  • 1973 – The U.S. Congress overrides President Richard M. Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval.
  • 1983 – United States Senate bombing: a bomb explodes inside the U.S. Capitol Building.
  • 1987 – In Tunisia, president Habib Bourguiba is overthrown and replaced by Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
  • 1989 – Douglas Wilder wins the governor’s seat in Virginia, becoming the first elected African American governor in the United States.
  • 1989 – David Dinkins becomes the first African American mayor of New York City.
  • 1989 – East German Prime Minister Willi Stoph, along with his entire cabinet, is forced to resign after huge anti-government protests.
  • 1990 – Mary Robinson becomes the first woman to be elected President of the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1991 – Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA.
  • 1996 – NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor.
  • 1996 – A Nigerian Boeing 727 crashes into a lagoon 40 miles southeast of Lagos, killing 143.
  • 2000 – Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first former First Lady to win public office in the United States, although actually she still was the First Lady.
  • 2000 – The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country’s largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas.
  • 2001 – The supersonic commercial aircraft Concorde resumes flying after a 15-month hiatus.
  • 2002 – Iran bans advertising of United States products.
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day “state of emergency” as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • 2007 – Jokela school shooting in Tuusula, Finland, resulting in the death of nine people.

November 7 – Birthdays:

  • 630 – Constans II, Byzantine emperor (d. 668)
  • 994 – Ibn Hazm, Arab philosopher (d. 1069)
  • 1598 – Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter (d. 1664)
  • 1619 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (d. 1692)
  • 1650 – John Robinson, English diplomat (d. 1723)
  • 1687 – William Stukeley, English archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1750 – Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)
  • 1805 – Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor (d. 1870)
  • 1818 – Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Andrew Dickson White, American co-founder and first president of Cornell University (d. 1918)
  • 1838 – Auguste Villiers de l’Isle-Adam, French writer (d. 1889)
  • 1846 – Ignaz Brüll, Austrian pianist (d. 1907)
  • 1851 – Chris von der Ahe, German born entrepreneur (d. 1913)
  • 1858 – Bipin Chandra Pal, Indian freedom fighter, (d. 1932)
  • 1860 – Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (d. 1936)
  • 1861 – Jeff Milton, American lawman (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Polish-born chemist and physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics and in chemistry (d. 1934)
  • 1875 – Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet politician (d. 1946)
  • 1876 – Charlie Townsend, English cricketer (d. 1958)
  • 1879 – King Baggot, American actor (d. 1948)
  • 1879 – Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary (d. 1940)
  • 1886 – Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian-born chess player (d. 1935)
  • 1888 – Sir C. V. Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Leatrice Joy, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Esdras Minville, Quebec writer, economist and sociologist (d. 1975)
  • 1897 – Herman J. Mankiewicz, American writer, director, and producer (d. 1953)
  • 1898 – Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1901 – Norah McGuinness, Northern Irish painter and illustrator (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Dean Jagger, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1903 – Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Grace Stafford, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – William Alwyn, English composer (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Albert Camus, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
  • 1914 – Archie Campbell, American comedian, writer (d. 1987)
  • 1915 – Philip Morrison, American scientist (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Billy Graham, American evangelist
  • 1918 – Maria Teresa de Noronha, Portuguese Fado singer
  • 1918 – Paul Aussaresses, French general
  • 1922 – Al Hirt, American trumpeter (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Dame Joan Sutherland, Australian operatic soprano
  • 1927 – Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese computer game executive
  • 1927 – Ivor Emmanuel, Welsh singer and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Eric R. Kandel, Austrian-born neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1929 – Jesús de Polanco, Spanish businessman and media tycoon (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Dame Gwyneth Jones, Welsh soprano
  • 1937 – Mary Travers, American folk singer (Peter, Paul & Mary)
  • 1938 – Jim Kaat, American baseball player
  • 1938 – Dee Clark, American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1942 – Johnny Rivers, American singer and composer
  • 1942 – Jean Shrimpton, British supermodel and actress
  • 1943 – Michael Byrne, English actor
  • 1943 – Stephen Greenblatt, American literary critic
  • 1943 – Boris Gromov, Russian general
  • 1943 – Joni Mitchell, Canadian musician
  • 1943 – Michael Spence, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1944 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Luigi Riva, Italian footballer
  • 1944 – Ken Patera, American professional wrestler
  • 1947 – Bob Anderson, English darts player
  • 1947 – Yutaka Fukumoto, Japanese professional baseball player
  • 1948 – Alex Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1949 – Steven Stucky, American composer
  • 1949 – Judy Tenuta, American comedian
  • 1952 – David Petraeus, Commanding General of Multinational Force Iraq
  • 1954 – Kamal Haasan, Indian actor
  • 1955 – Detlef Ultsch, German judoka
  • 1957 – Christopher Knight, American actor
  • 1958 – Lori Saldaña, American politician
  • 1959 – Billy Gillispie, American basketball coach
  • 1959 – Alexandre Guimarães, Costa Rican football manager
  • 1960 – Tommy Thayer, American guitarist (Kiss)
  • 1962 – Tracie Savage, American actress and journalist
  • 1963 – John Barnes, English footballer
  • 1964 – Dana Plato, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1964 – Gill Holland, American producer
  • 1965 – Sigrun Wodars, German athlete
  • 1967 – Sharleen Spiteri Scottish singer and songwriter (Texas)
  • 1967 – Steve Digiorgio, American musician. Bass from Sadus, Testament and Death
  • 1968 – Greg Tribbett, American musician (Mudvayne)
  • 1968 – Mark Preston, Australian engineer
  • 1969 – Hélène Grimaud, French pianist
  • 1969 – Michelle Clunie, American actress
  • 1970 – Neil Hannon, Northern Irish musician (The Divine Comedy)
  • 1970 – Andy Houston, American NASCAR driver
  • 1970 – Marc Rosset, Swiss tennis player
  • 1970 – Morgan Spurlock, American director and producer
  • 1971 – Jamie Drummond, Scottish/Canadian Sommelier
  • 1971 – Robin Finck, American musician
  • 1972 – Jason London & Jeremy London, American actors
  • 1972 – Danny Grewcock, English rugby union player
  • 1972 – Christopher Daniel Barnes, American actor
  • 1972 – Mike Goldman, Australian media personality
  • 1973 – Yunjin Kim, South Korean actress
  • 1973 – Martín Palermo, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Kris Benson, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Chris Summers, Norwegian drummer (Turbonegro)
  • 1975 – Stephen Alexander, American football tight end
  • 1976 – Mark Philippoussis, Australian tennis player
  • 1976 – Melyssa Ford, Canadian model and actress
  • 1976 – One Be Lo, hip-hop artist
  • 1978 – Rio Ferdinand, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jan Vennegoor of Hesselink, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Tomoya Nagase, Japanese actor and singer (TOKIO)
  • 1979 – Will Demps, American football player
  • 1979 – Joey Ryan, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Jon Peter Lewis, American singer
  • 1979 – Mike Commodore, American professional hockey player
  • 1979 – Danny Fonseca, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1979 – Barney Harwood, CBBC presenter
  • 1980 – Gervasio Deferr, Spanish gymnast
  • 1980 – James Franklin, New Zealand Cricket player
  • 1980 – Luciana Salazar, Argentine model and actress
  • 1981 – Lily Thai, Asian porn star
  • 1981 – Muhammad Hassan, professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Anthony Moffat, Scottish musician, writer and film-maker
  • 1981 – Anushka Shetty, Tollywood Film Actress
  • 1986 – Sol Aranza, Mexican voice actress
  • 1990 – Matt Corby, Australian singer

November 7 – Deaths:

  • 644 – Umar ibn al-Khattab, Second caliph of Islam
  • 1225 – Engelbert II of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1550 – Jon Arason, the last Roman Catholic bishop of Iceland prior to the reformation, beheaded in Skalholt with his two sons Are and Bjorn. (b. 1484)
  • 1574 – Solomon Luria, Maharshal (b. 1510)
  • 1581 – Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
  • 1599 – Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)
  • 1620 – Hetman Stanislaw Zólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Tutora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • 1633 – Cornelius Jacobszoon Drebbel, Dutch inventor (b. 1572)
  • 1639 – Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, English politician
  • 1642 – Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • 1713 – Elizabeth Barry, English actress (b. 1658)
  • 1837 – Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (b. 1809)
  • 1872 – Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
  • 1881 – John MacHale, Irish Archbishop (Tuam) and writer (b. 1791)
  • 1906 – Heinrich Seidel, German engineer, poet and writer (b. 1842)
  • 1910 (O.S.) – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (b. 1828)
  • 1913 – Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and biologist (b. 1823)
  • 1919 – Hugo Haase, German politician and jurist (b. 1863)
  • 1922 – Sam Thompson, baseball player (b. 1860)
  • 1943 – Dwight Frye, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1944 – Richard Sorge, Soviet spy (b. 1895)
  • 1944 – Hannah Szenes, Jewish woman who parachuted into Yugoslavia during World War II to help save the Jews of Hungary (b. 1921)
  • 1959 – Victor McLaglen, British-born actor (b. 1883)
  • 1962 – Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – Rube Bressler, Baseball player (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – John Nance Garner, U.S. Congressman and Vice President (b. 1868)
  • 1968 – Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1974 – Eric Linklater, British author (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Gene Tunney, heavyweight boxing champion (b. 1897)
  • 1980 – Steve McQueen, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 1983 – Germaine Tailleferre, French composer (b. 1892)
  • 1986 – Tracy Pew, Australian musician (The Birthday Party) (b. 1957)
  • 1991 – Carter Cornelius, American R&B musician (Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose) (b. 1948)
  • 1991 – Tom of Finland, Finnish fetish artist (b. 1920)
  • 1992 – Alexander Dubcek, Slovakian politician (b. 1921)
  • 1992 – Jack Kelly, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Shorty Rogers, American jazz musician (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Jaja Wachuku, Nigerian Lawyer and First Foreign Affairs Minister (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Claude Ake, Nigerian political scientist
  • 2000 – C Subramaniam, Indian politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Queen Ingrid, Queen Dowager of Denmark (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Nida Blanca, Filipino actress (b. 1936)
  • 2002 – Rudolf Augstein, German publisher (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Howard Keel, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Anthony Sawoniuk, Belarusian-born Nazi war criminal (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Harry Thompson, English-born comedian and novelist (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Bryan Pata, American football defensive tackle (University of Miami) (murdered) (b. 1981)
  • 2006 – Johnny Sain, American baseball pitcher (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Earl Dodge, American politician (Prohibition Party) (b. 1932)

November 7 – Holidays:

  • Christianity – Saint Willibrord, Prosdocimus, Herculanus of Perugia, Vicente Liem de la Paz
  • Northern Catalonia – National Day, after Treaty of Pyrenees.
  • Day of the October Revolution (1917) in the Gregorian Calendar, an official holiday in the Soviet Union; unofficially commemorated in modern Russia.

 

 

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On This Day in History November 6

November 6 – Events:

  • 355 – Roman Emperor Constantius II promotes his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar, entrusting him with the government of the Prefecture of the Gauls.
  • 1528 – Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in Texas.
  • 1632 – Death of King Gustavus Adolphus the Great of Sweden in the Battle of Lützen during the Thirty Years War.
  • 1789 – Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States.
  • 1844 – The first constitution of the Dominican Republic is adopted.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels.
  • 1869 – In New Brunswick, New Jersey, Rutgers University defeats Princeton University, 6-4, in the first official intercollegiate American football game.
  • 1913 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
  • 1917 – World War I: Third Battle of Ypres ends: After three months of fierce fighting, Canadian forces take Passchendaele in Belgium.
  • 1918 – The Second Polish Republic is proclaimed in Poland.
  • 1925 – Secret agent Sidney Reilly is executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.
  • 1928 – Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries to commemorate the king.
  • 1931 – Indian spiritual leader Meher Baba arrives in the United States for the first time aboard the SS Roma.
  • 1935 – Before the New York section of the Institute of Radio Engineers, Edwin Armstrong presents his paper “A Method of Reducing Disturbances in Radio Signaling by a System of Frequency Modulation.”
  • 1935 – First flight of the Hawker Hurricane.
  • 1939 – World War II: Sonderaktion Krakau
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin addresses the Soviet Union for only the second time during his three-decade rule. He states that even though 350,000 troops were killed in German attacks so far, the Germans had lost 4.5 million soldiers and that Soviet victory was near.
  • 1943 – World War II: Russia recaptures Kiev. Before withdrawing, the Germans destroy most of the city’s ancient buildings.
  • 1944 – Plutonium is first produced at the Hanford Atomic Facility, subsequently used in the Fat Man Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.
  • 1947 – Meet The Press makes its television debut (the show went to a weekly schedule on September 12, 1948).
  • 1957 – Félix Gaillard becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1962 – Apartheid: The United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution condemning South Africa’s racist apartheid policies and calls for all UN member states to cease military and economic relations with the nation.
  • 1963 – Vietnam War: Following the November 1 coup and execution of President Ngo Dinh Diem, coup leader General Duong Van Minh takes over leadership of South Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Cuba and the United States formally agree to start an airlift for Cubans who want to go to the United States. By 1971, 250,000 Cubans will use this program.
  • 1971 – The AEC tests the largest U.S. underground hydrogen bomb, code-named Cannikin, on Amchitka Island in the Aleutians.
  • 1975 – Green March begins: 300,000 unarmed Moroccans converge on the southern city of Tarfaya and wait for a signal from King Hassan II of Morocco to cross into Western Sahara.
  • 1977 – The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia, fails, killing 39.
  • 1985 – In Colombia, leftist guerrillas of the April 19 Movement seize control of the Palace of Justice in Bogotá, eventually killing 115 people, 11 of them Supreme Court justices.
  • 1985 – “Irangate” scandal: The American press reveals that US President Ronald Reagan had authorized the shipment of arms to Iran.
  • 1986 Sumburgh disaster – a British International Helicopters Boeing 234LR Chinook crashed 2.5 miles east of Sumburgh Airport killing 45 people. The deadliest civilian helicopter crash on record.
  • 1999 – Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.
  • 2002 – 12 people are killed in a fire on board a train headed for Vienna from Paris.
  • 2004 – An express train collides with a stationary car near the village of Ufton Nervet, England, killing 6 and injuring 150.
  • 2005 – The Evansville Tornado of November 2005 kills 25 in Northwestern Kentucky and Southwestern Indiana.
  • 2005 – The military junta of Myanmar begins moving its government ministries from Yangon to Pyinmana.

November 6-Birthdays:

  • 1391 – Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician (d. 1425)
  • 1479 – Joanna I of Castile, queen of Spain (d. 1555)
  • 1494 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1566)
  • 1550 – Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden (d. 1612)
  • 1661 – King Charles II of Spain (d. 1700)
  • 1692 – Louis Racine, French poet (d. 1763)
  • 1753 – Mikhail Kozlovsky, Russian sculptor (d. 1802)
  • 1753 – Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (d. 1823)
  • 1814 – Adolphe Sax, Belgian inventor (d. 1894)
  • 1833 – Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (d. 1908)
  • 1841 – Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • 1841 – Armand Fallières, French president (d. 1931)
  • 1851 – Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (d.1902)
  • 1854 – John Philip Sousa, American composer (d. 1932)
  • 1855 – Ezra Seymour Gosney, American philanthropist and eugenicist (d. 1942)
  • 1860 – Ignace Paderewski, Polish pianist, composer, and President of Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1861 – James Naismith, Canadian inventor of basketball (d. 1939)
  • 1880 – Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (d. 1942)
  • 1880 – Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Thomas Ince, American movie actor, director, producer. (d. 1924)
  • 1887 – Walter Johnson, American baseball player (d. 1946)
  • 1892 – Harold Ross, American editor (d. 1951)
  • 1893 – Edsel Ford, president of Ford Motor Company (d. 1943)
  • 1906 – James D. Norris, sportsman and businessman (Chicago Blackhawks) (d. 1966)
  • 1914 – Jonathan Harris, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Ray Conniff, American composer and conductor (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – James Jones, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 1924 – Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler, AKA Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Frank Carson, Northern Irish comedian
  • 1931 – Peter Collins, English race car driver (d. 1958)
  • 1931 – Mike Nichols, American film director
  • 1932 – Stonewall Jackson, American country singer
  • 1937 – Joe Warfield, American actor
  • 1938 – Mack Jones, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Jim Pike, American singer (The Lettermen)
  • 1938 – P.J. Proby, American-born singer and actor
  • 1938 – Diana E. H. Russell, South African feminist writer and activist
  • 1938 – Dumitru Rusu, Romanian painter
  • 1939 – Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • 1940 – Ruth Messinger, Manhattan Borough President and President of the American Jewish World Service
  • 1946 – Sally Field, American actress
  • 1946 – Fred Penner, Canadian children’s entertainer
  • 1947 – Jim Rosenthal, English sports presenter
  • 1947 – George Young, Australian musician (AC/DC)
  • 1948 – Glenn Frey, American singer (Eagles)
  • 1949 – Brad Davis, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1949 – Arturo Sandoval, Cuban-born trumpeter
  • 1949 – Joseph C. Wilson, Vice Chairman of Jarch Capital, LLC
  • 1949 – Nigel Havers, English actor
  • 1951 – Peter Althin, Swedish politician and attorney
  • 1952 – Michael Cunningham, American writer
  • 1954 – Catherine Crier, American television personality
  • 1955 – Maria Shriver, American journalist
  • 1957 – Klaus Kleinfeld, German industrialist
  • 1957 – Siobhán McCarthy, Irish singer and actress
  • 1957 – Lori Singer, American actress
  • 1958 – Trace Beaulieu, American comic actor best known for his work in Mystery Science Theater 3000
  • 1960 – Michael Cerveris, American actor
  • 1961 – Florent Pagny, French songwriter and singer
  • 1961 – Kazuhiko Aoki, Japanese game creator
  • 1961 – Craig Goldy, guitarist for the band Dio
  • 1962 – Aznil Nawawi, Malaysian host, actor and singer
  • 1963 – Rozz Williams, American musician (Christian Death) (d. 1998)
  • 1964 – Kerry Conran, American filmmaker
  • 1964 – Corey Glover, American musician (Living Color)
  • 1964 – Greg Graffin, American singer (Bad Religion)
  • 1966 – Paul Gilbert, American guitarist and singer
  • 1966 – Christian Lorenz, German keyboardist (Rammstein)
  • 1966 – Peter DeLuise, American actor and director
  • 1967 – Rebecca Schaeffer, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1968 – Alfred Williams, American football player
  • 1968 – Jerry Yang, Chinese American entrepreneur (Yahoo!, Inc.)
  • 1968 – Kelly Rutherford, American actress
  • 1970 – Ethan Hawke, American actor
  • 1972 – Garry Flitcroft, English footballer
  • 1972 – Thandie Newton, English actress
  • 1972 – Rebecca Romijn, American actress
  • 1972 – Deivi Cruz, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Nell McAndrew, British model
  • 1976 – Mike Herrera, American singer and bassist (MxPx)
  • 1976 – Jodi Martin, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Pat Tillman, American football player (d. 2004)
  • 1976 – Catherine Clark, Canadian journalist (also daughter of former Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark)
  • 1977 – Patrícia Tavares, Portuguese actress
  • 1978 – Sandrine Blancke, Belgian actress
  • 1978 – Daniella Cicarelli, Brazilian model and television host
  • 1978 – Jolina Magdangal, Filipina singer, actress and television host
  • 1978 – Taryn Manning, American actress
  • 1978 – Zak Morioka, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1979 – Lamar Odom, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Cassie Bernall, American murder victim (d. 1999)
  • 1981 – Lee Dong Wook, South Korean actor
  • 1983 – Janette McBride, Filipino actress
  • 1982 – Sowelu, Japanese pop singer
  • 1987 – Ana Ivanovic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1988 – Erik Lund, Swedish football player
  • 1988 – Emma Stone, American actress
  • 1989 – Jozy Altidore, American soccer player

November 6-Deaths:

  • 1231 – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (b. 1196)
  • 1406 – Pope Innocent VII
  • 1492 – Antoine Busnois, French composer
  • 1550 – Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1487)
  • 1632 – King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (b. 1594)
  • 1656 – King John IV of Portugal (b. 1603)
  • 1656 – Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (b. 1583)
  • 1692 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (b. 1619)
  • 1752 – Ralph Erskine, Scottish minister (b. 1685)
  • 1771 – John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (b. 1695)
  • 1790 – James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician (b. 1726)
  • 1796 – Catherine II of Russia (b. 1729)
  • 1816 – Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (b. 1752)
  • 1822 – Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (b. 1748)
  • 1836 – King Charles X of France (b. 1757)
  • 1846 – Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and activist (b. 1800)
  • 1846 – Alexander Chavchavadze, Georgian poet and general
  • 1893 – Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (b. 1840)
  • 1910 – Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer (b. 1838)
  • 1929 – Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1867)
  • 1936 – Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Maurice Leblanc, French novelist (b. 1864)
  • 1960 – Erich Raeder, German grand admiral (b. 1876)
  • 1964 – Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1863)
  • 1964 – Hugo Koblet, Swiss cyclist (b. 1925)
  • 1965 – Edgard Varèse, French composer (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Clarence Williams, American musician (b. 1898)
  • 1968 – Charles Munch, French conductor and violinist (b. 1891)
  • 1968 – Charles B. McVay III, Ex-U.S. Navy Captain (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Agustín Lara, Mexican composer and poet (b. 1900)
  • 1978 – Harry Bertoia, Italian artist and designer (b. 1915)
  • 1978 – Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist and dramatist (b. 1929)
  • 1985 – Joel Crothers, Soap Opera Actor (b. 1941)
  • 1986 – Elisabeth Grümmer, Alsatian soprano (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Zohar Argov, Israeli singer (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Yusaku Matsuda, Japanese actor (b. 1949)
  • 1989 – Dickie Goodman, creator of “break-in” records (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Gene Tierney, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1995 – Aneta Corsaut, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Marcel Gauthier, Canadian wrestler (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – David R. Brower, American environmentalist (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – L. Sprague de Camp, American writer (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Anthony Shaffer, English dramatist (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Sid Sackson, American board game designer (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Crash Holly, American professional wrestler (b. 1971)
  • 2003 – Rie Mastenbroek, Dutch swimmer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Eduardo Palomo, Mexican actor (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Fred Dibnah, English television personality (b. 1938)
  • 2004 – Johnny Warren, Australian soccer player (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Minako Honda, Japanese singer and musical actress (b. 1967)
  • 2005 – Rod Donald, New Zealand Politician, Green Party Co-leader (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Miguel Aceves Mejía, Mexican actor, composer and singer (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Federico (Fico) López, Puerto Rican basketball player (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Francisco Fernández Ochoa, Spanish alpine skier (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Hilda Braid, English actress (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – George Grljusich, Australian sports broadcaster (b. c1939)
  • 2007 – Sayed Mustafa Kazemi, Afghan politician (b. c1962)
  • 2007 – George Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Hank Thompson, American singer (b. 1925)

November 6 – Holidays:

  • Catholic Saints – November 6 is the feast day of the following Catholic Saints:
    • Leonard of Noblac
    • Winnoc
  • Dominican Republic – Constitution Day (1844)
  • Finland – The Finnish Swedish Heritage Day and an official flag day
  • Sweden – Death of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and official flag day
  • Tajikistan – Constitution Day (1994)

 

 

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On This Day in History November 5

November 5 – Events:

  • 1499 – Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier (Brittany). This Breton-French-Latin dictionary was written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc. It is the first Breton dictionary as well as the first French dictionary.
  • 1530 – St. Felix’s Flood destroys the city of Reimerswaal in the Netherlands
  • 1556 – Second Battle of Panipat: Fifty miles north of Delhi, a Mughal Army defeats Hindu forces of General Hemu to ensure Akbar the throne of India. In the battle, Hemu became unconscious when an arrow stuck into his right eye. He was brought as captive to Akbar and was hanged.
  • 1605 – Gunpowder Plot: A plot led by Robert Catesby to blow up the English Houses of Parliament is thwarted when Sir Thomas Knyvet, a justice of the peace, finds Guy Fawkes in a cellar below the Parliament building.
  • 1688 – Glorious Revolution begins: William of Orange lands at Brixham.
  • 1757 – Seven Years’ War: Frederick the Great defeats the allied armies of France and the Holy Roman Empire in the Battle of Rossbach.
  • 1768 – Treaty of Fort Stanwix – The purpose of the conference was to adjust the boundary line between Indian lands and white settlements set forth in the Proclamation of 1763 in the Thirteen Colonies.
  • 1780 – French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle.
  • 1831 – Nat Turner, American slave leader, is tried, convicted, and sentenced to death in Virginia.
  • 1838 – The Federal Republic of Central America begins to disintegrate when Nicaragua separated from the federation.
  • 1854 – The Battle of Inkerman is fought during the Crimean War.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln removes George B. McClellan as commander of the Union Army for the second and final time.
  • 1862 – Indian Wars: In Minnesota, more than 300 Santee Sioux are found guilty of rape and murder of white settlers and are sentenced to hang.
  • 1872 – Women’s suffrage: In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes for the first time, and is later fined $100.
  • 1895 – George B. Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile.
  • 1911 – After declaring war on the Ottoman Empire on September 29, 1911, Italy annexes Tripoli and Cyrenaica.
  • 1913 – The insane king Otto of Bavaria is deposed by his cousin, Prince Regent Ludwig, who assumes the title Ludwig III.
  • 1913 – United Kingdom annexes Cyprus, and together with France declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1916 – The Kingdom of Poland is proclaimed by the Act of November 5th of the emperors of Germany and Austria-Hungary.
  • 1916 – The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police.
  • 1917 – October Revolution: In Tallinn, Esthonia, Communist leader Jaan Anwelt leads revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government (As Estonia and Russia are still using the Julian Calendar, subsequent period references show an October 23 date).
  • 1917 – St. Tikhon of Moscow is elected the Patriarch of Moscow and of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • 1937 – World War II: Adolf Hitler holds a secret meeting and states his plans for acquiring “living space” for the German people.
  • 1940 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt is elected to a third term as President of The United States of America.
  • 1942 – The Second Battle of El Alamein is won by the British in El Alamein, Egypt.
  • 1945 – Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • 1962 – A mining accident kills 21 miners at the government-owned Kings Bay Coal Company on Svalbard, leading the Norwegian government to close the mine.
  • 1965 – State of Emergency declared in Rhodesia after collapse of negotiations with Great Britain over Rhodesian independence (UDI would follow six days later).
  • 1967 – The Hither Green rail crash in the United Kingdom kills 49 people. The survivors include Bee Gee Robin Gibb.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: The United States Military Assistance Command in Vietnam reports the lowest weekly American soldier death toll in five years (24).
  • 1979 – Ayatollah Khomeini declares the USA to be “the great Satan.”
  • 1983 – Byford Dolphin diving bell accident kills five and leaves one severely injured.
  • 1986 – USS Rentz (FFG-46), USS Reeves (DLG-24) and USS Oldendorf (DD-972) visit Qingdao (Tsing Tao) China — the first US Naval visit to China since 1949.
  • 1987 – Govan Mbeki is released from custody after serving 24 years in prison. He had been sentenced to life for terrorism and treason.
  • 1990 – Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the far-right Kach movement, is shot dead after a speech at a New York City hotel.
  • 1995 – André Dallaire attempts to assassinate Jean Chrétien; he is thwarted when the Prime Minister’s wife locks the door.
  • 1996 – President of Pakistan Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari dismisses the government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and dissolves the National Assembly of Pakistan.
  • 2000 – Emperor Haile Selassie I is given an Imperial funeral by the Ethiopian Orthodox church.
  • 2006 – Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for the role in the massacre of the 148 Shi’as in 1982.

November 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1271 – Mahmud Ghazan, Mongol ruler (d. 1304)
  • 1494 – Hans Sachs, German mastersinger (d. 1576)
  • 1549 – Philippe de Mornay, French writer (d. 1623)
  • 1592 – Charles Chauncy, English-born president of Harvard College (d. 1672)
  • 1613 – Isaac de Benserade, French poet (d. 1691)
  • 1615 – Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1648)
  • 1667 – Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German painter (d. 1719)
  • 1701 – Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter (d. 1785)
  • 1715 – John Brown, English writer (d. 1766)
  • 1722 – William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English duelist (d. 1798)
  • 1742 – Richard Cosway, English artist (d. 1821)
  • 1818 – Benjamin Franklin Butler, 33 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • 1835 – Moritz Szeps, Austrian journalist (d. 1902)
  • 1846 – Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1869)
  • 1850 – Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (d. 1919)
  • 1851 – Charles Dupuy, French prime minister (d. 1923)
  • 1854 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1854 – Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (d. 1920)
  • 1855 – Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (d. 1913)
  • 1855 – Eugene V. Debs, American socialist leader (d. 1926)
  • 1857 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Teddy Flack, Australian athlete, double Olympic gold medallist in 1896. (d. 1935)
  • 1885 – Will Durant, American historian (d. 1981)
  • 1890 – Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter (d. 1977)
  • 1892 – J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Walter Gieseking, French pianist (d. 1956)
  • 1895 – Charles MacArthur, American author (d. 1956)
  • 1900 – Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (d. 1972)
  • 1900 – Natalie Schafer, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Cooney Weiland, Canadian hockey player (d. 1985)
  • 1905 – Joel McCrea, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1906 – Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (d. 2004)
  • 1906 – Endre Kabos, Hungarian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1944))
  • 1911 – Roy Rogers, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Vivien Leigh, English actress (d. 1967)
  • 1914 – Alton Tobey, American artist (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Jacqueline Auriol, French aviatrix (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Banarsi Das Gupta, Indian former Chief Minister of Haryana (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher (d. 1978)
  • 1919 – Myron Floren, American accordianist The Lawrence Welk Show (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Douglass North, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1921 – Georges Cziffra, Hungarian pianist (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Fawzia of Egypt, Queen of Iran
  • 1931 – Ike Turner, American musician (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Victor Argo, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1935 – Lester Piggott, British jockey
  • 1935 – Christopher Wood, English screenwriter and novelist
  • 1936 – Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Harris Yulin, American actor
  • 1938 – Joe Dassin, French-speaking American singer (d. 1980)
  • 1938 – César Luis Menotti, Argentine footballer
  • 1938 – Jim Steranko, American graphic artist, comic book writer-artist-historian, publisher, and film production illustrator
  • 1940 – Elke Sommer, German actress
  • 1941 – Art Garfunkel, American musician
  • 1943 – Friedman Paul Erhardt (Chef Tell), German-born American TV chef (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – Sam Shepard, American playwright and actor
  • 1945 – Peter Pace, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1945 – Aleka Papariga, Greek politician
  • 1946 – Herman Brood, Dutch musician and artist (d. 2001)
  • 1946 – Gram Parsons, American musician (d. 1973)
  • 1947 – Peter Noone, English musician (Herman’s Hermits)
  • 1948 – Mel Ab-Owain, Welsh politician
  • 1948 – Peter Hammill, British musician
  • 1948 – Hridayananda dasa Goswami, ISKCON guru
  • 1948 – Bernard-Henri Lévy, French public intellectual
  • 1948 – William Daniel Phillips, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1949 – Armin Shimerman, American actor
  • 1949 – Jimmie Spheeris, American singer-songwriter (d. 1984)
  • 1950 – Thorbjørn Jagland, former Norwegian prime minister
  • 1952 – Bill Walton, American basketball player and commentator
  • 1952 – Oleg Blokhin, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1953 – Florentino V. Floro, Filipino dwarf judge
  • 1953 – Joyce Maynard, American writer
  • 1955 – Karan Thapar, Foremost Indian Journalist, Political Analyst & Commentator
  • 1955 – Bernard Chazelle, French computer scientist
  • 1955 – Nestor Serrano, American actor
  • 1957 – Jon-Erik Hexum, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1958 – Don Falcone, American musician and producer
  • 1958 – Robert Patrick, American actor
  • 1959 – Bryan Adams, Canadian musician
  • 1960 – Tilda Swinton, English actress
  • 1961 – Gina Mastrogiacomo, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1961 – David Bryson, American guitarist and vocalist (Counting Crows)
  • 1962 – Abédi Pelé, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1963 – Andrea McArdle, American actress
  • 1963 – Tatum O’Neal, American actress
  • 1964 – Tim Blake Nelson, American actor
  • 1965 – Famke Janssen, Dutch model and actress
  • 1965 – Kubrat, Prince of Panagiurishte, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1966 – Georgia Apostolou, Greek actress
  • 1966 – Nayim, Spanish footballer
  • 1968 – Sam Rockwell, American film actor
  • 1968 – Judy Reyes, Dominican American actress
  • 1968 – Aitana Sánchez-Gijón, Spanish actress
  • 1970 – Javy López, baseball player
  • 1970 – Tamzin Outhwaite, English actress
  • 1971 – Dana Jacobson, ESPN’s First Take hostess
  • 1971 – Rob Jones, English footballer
  • 1971 – Corin Nemec, American actor
  • 1971 – Jonny Greenwood, guitarist (Radiohead)
  • 1971 – Sergei Berezin, National Hockey League player
  • 1971 – Edmond Leung, Hong Kong singer
  • 1973 – Johnny Damon, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Alexei Yashin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Daniella Westbrook, English actress
  • 1974 – Angela Gossow, German vocalist (Arch Enemy)
  • 1974 – Dado Pršo, Croatian footballer
  • 1974 – Jerry Stackhouse, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Ryan Adams, American musician
  • 1977 – Brittney Skye, American porn star
  • 1977 – Richard Wright, English footballer
  • 1978 – Mihalis Hatzigiannis, Greek-Cypriot songwriter and singer
  • 1980 – Christoph Metzelder, German footballer
  • 1980 – Jaime Camara, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1980 – Eva González, Spanish model and beauty queen
  • 1983 – Mike Hanke, German footballer
  • 1984 – Nick Folk, American football player
  • 1984 – Tobias Enstrom, Swedish hockey player
  • 1985 – Kate DeAraugo, Australian Idol 2005
  • 1985 – Tanaka Koki, Japanese idol (member of KAT-TUN)
  • 1986 – BoA, Korean singer
  • 1986 – Kasper Schmeichel, Danish footballer

November 5 – Deaths:

  • 1370 – Casimir III the Great king of Poland
  • 1515 – Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (b. 1474)
  • 1559 – Kano Motonobu, Japanese painter (b. 1476)
  • 1660 – Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle, English socialite (b. 1599)
  • 1660 – Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1701 – Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, French-born English politician (bc. 1659)
  • 1714 – Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (b. 1633)
  • 1752 – Carl Andreas Duker, German classical scholar (b. 1670)
  • 1758 – Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (b. 1686)
  • 1828 – Maria Fyodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia (b. 1759)
  • 1836 – Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech poet (b. 1810)
  • 1879 – James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (b. 1831)
  • 1923 – Jacques d’Adelswärd-Fersen, French novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1930 – Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1858)
  • 1933 – Texas Guinan, American saloon keeper, actress, and musician (b. 1884)
  • 1941 – Arndt Pekurinen, Finnish pacifist (b. 1905)
  • 1942 – George M. Cohan, American musician, actor, writer, and composer (b. 1878)
  • 1944 – Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • 1951 – Reggie Walker, South African athlete (b. 1889)
  • 1955 – Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883)
  • 1956 – Art Tatum, American musician (b. 1909)
  • 1960 – Ward Bond, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1960 – Johnny Horton, country music singer (b.1925)
  • 1960 – Mack Sennett, Canadian producer and director (b. 1880)
  • 1964 – Lansdale Sasscer, U.S. Congressman for Maryland’s 5th District (b. 1893)
  • 1964 – Buddy Cole, American jazz pianist and orchestra leader (b. 1916)
  • 1971 – Sam Jones, baseball player (b. 1925)
  • 1974 – Stafford Repp, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1975 – Edward Lawrie Tatum, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1909)
  • 1975 – Annette Kellerman, Australian swimmer (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Lionel Trilling, American critic and writer (b. 1905)
  • 1977 – René Goscinny, French comic book writer (b. 1926)
  • 1977 – Guy Lombardo, Canadian conductor (b. 1902)
  • 1979 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (b. 1909)
  • 1982 – Edward Hallett Carr, historian
  • 1982 – Jacques Tati, French actor and director (b. 1908)
  • 1985 – Spencer W. Kimball, twelfth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1895)
  • 1985 – Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (b. 1898)
  • 1986 – Claude Jutra, Québécois actor and film director (b. 1930)
  • 1986 – Bobby Nunn, American singer (The Coasters) (b. 1925)
  • 1987 – Eamonn Andrews, Television Presenter (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Vladimir Horowitz, Russian pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Meir Kahane, Israeli rabbi and activist (b. 1932)
  • 1991 – Fred MacMurray, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born media entrepreneur (b. 1923)
  • 1992 – Arpad Elo, American physicist and chess player (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Eddie Harris, American saxophonist (b. 1934)
  • 1997 – James Robert Baker, American novelist, screenwriter (b. 1946)
  • 1997 – Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-born historian of ideas (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Epic Soundtracks, English musician (Swell Maps, Crime and the City Solution, These Immortal Souls) (b. 1959)
  • 2000 – Victor Grinich, American businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Bibi Titi Mohammed, Tanzanian politician (b.1926)
  • 2000 – Jimmie Davis, singer and politician (b. 1899)
  • 2001 – Roy Boulting, English film director and producer (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Barry Horne , a British animal liberation activist.
  • 2002 – Billy Guy, American singer (The Coasters) (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer (Righteous Brothers) (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Rod Donald, New Zealand environmentalist (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – John Fowles, English writer (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Virginia MacWatters, American soprano (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Bülent Ecevit, four term Turkish Prime Minister (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Nils Liedholm, Swedish football midfielder and coach (b. 1922)

November 5 – Holidays:

  • New Zealand,United Kingdom and the province of Newfoundland & Labrador (Canada):
    • Guy Fawkes night (also called Bonfire night; or Fireworks night): Failure of the Gunpowder Plot to blow up Parliament in 1605 is celebrated with bonfires and fireworks.
  • C. Saints: November 5 is the feast day of the following Roman Catholic Saints:
    • Domninus
    • Galation
    • Magnus
    • Pope Zachary

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On This Day in History November 4

November 4-Events

  • 1333 – Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
  • 1501 – Catherine of Aragon (later Henry VIII’s wife) meets Arthur Tudor, Henry VIII’s older brother – they would later marry.
  • 1576 – Eighty Years’ War: In Flanders, Spain captures Antwerp (after three days the city was nearly destroyed).
  • 1677 – The future Mary II of England marries William, Prince of Orange. They would later be known as William and Mary.
  • 1737 – The Teatro di San Carlo is inaugurated.
  • 1783 – W.A. Mozart’s Symphony No. 36 is premiered in Linz, Austria.
  • 1825 – The Erie Canal is completed with Governor DeWitt Clinton performing the Wedding of The Waters ceremony in New York Harbour.
  • 1839 – The Newport Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain.
  • 1852 – Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy.
  • 1861 – The University of Washington opens in Seattle, Washington as the Territorial University.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Johnsonville – Confederate troops bombard a Union supply base and destroy millions of dollars in material.
  • 1889 – Menelek of Shoa obtains the allegiance of a large majority of the Ethiopian nobility, paving the way for him to be crowned emperor.
  • 1890 – City & South London Railway: London’s first deep-level tube railway opens between King William Street and Stockwell.
  • 1918 – World War I: Austria-Hungary surrenders to Italy.
  • 1918 – The German Revolution begins when 40,000 sailors take over the port in Kiel.
  • 1921 – The Sturmabteilung or SA is formally formed by Adolf Hitler
  • 1921 – Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo.
  • 1921 – Italian unknown soldier is buried in the Altare della Patria (Fatherland Altar) in Rome.
  • 1922 – In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to King Tutankhamun’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
  • 1924 – Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is elected as the first female governor in the  United States.
  • 1939 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the United States Customs Service to implement the Neutrality Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons by belligerents.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein – Disobeying a direct order by Adolf Hitler, General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel leads his forces on a five-month retreat.
  • 1945 – UNESCO is founded.
  • 1952 – The United States government establishes the National Security Agency.
  • 1955 – The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with Ludwig van Beethoven’s Fidelio after it was totally destroyed in World War II.
  • 1956 – Soviet troops enter Hungary to end the Hungarian revolution that started on October 23. Thousands are killed, more are wounded, and nearly a quarter million leave the country.
  • 1962 – In a test of the Nike-Hercules air defense missile, Shot Dominic-Tightrope is successfully detonated 69,000 feet above Johnston Island. It would also be the final atmospheric nuclear test ever conducted by the United States.
  • 1966 – Two-thirds of Florence, Italy is submerged as the Arno rivers flood; considering also the contemporary flood of Po River in northern Italy, 113 people die, 30,000 are rendered homeless, and numerous Renaissance artworks and books are destroyed.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – The United States turns control of the Binh Thuy Air Base in the Mekong Delta over to South Vietnam.
  • 1970 – Genie, a 13 year old feral child was found in Los Angeles, California having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life.
  • 1973 – The Netherlands experiences the first Car Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are deserted and are solely used by cyclists and roller skaters.
  • 1979 – Iran hostage crisis begins: Iranian people, mostly students, invade the United States embassy in Tehran and take 90 hostages (53 of whom are American).
  • 1986 – Chief Justice Rose Bird and two colleagues are removed by the electorate from the Supreme Court of California for their opposition to capital punishment.
  • 1989 – The congress of the Solidarity Party is inaugurated in Sweden. The congress decides, contrary to the proposal of the central committee, not to disband the party.
  • 1993 – Bolivia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1993 – A series of fires destroy 1000 homes in southern California, causing between 500 million and 1 billion USD of damage. Half of the fires turn out to be arson.
  • 1993 – A China Airlines Boeing 747 overran Runway 13 at Hong Kong’s Kai Tak International Airport while landing during a typhoon, injuring 22 people.
  • 1994 – San Francisco: First conference that focuses exclusively on the subject of the commercial potential of the World Wide Web.
  • 1995 – Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by an extreme right-wing Israeli.
  • 2002 – Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress
  • 2003 – The most powerful solar flare as observed by satellite instrumentation is recorded.
  • 2003 – Former HealthSouth CEO Richard Scrushy becomes the first person indicted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. He was eventually acquitted.
  • 2004 – 12 French soldiers, 3 UN personnel and hundreds of civilians die during the Côte d’Ivoire civil war.

November 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1448 – King Alphonso II of Naples (d. 1495)
  • 1470 – King Edward V of England, one of the two princes in the Tower
  • 1575 – Guido Reni, Italian painter (d. 1642)
  • 1631 – Mary of Orange, eldest daughter of Charles I of England and mother of William III of England (d. 1660)
  • 1661 – Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (d. 1742)
  • 1740 – Augustus Montague Toplady, English author of hymn “Rock of Ages” (d. 1778)
  • 1765 – Pierre Girard, French mathematician (d. 1836)
  • 1809 – Benjamin Robbins Curtis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1874)
  • 1816 – Stephen Johnson Field, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1899)
  • 1836 – Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman (d. 1912)
  • 1845 – Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, The First Indian Revolutionary (d. 1883)
  • 1868 – Carolina Otero, a.k.a La Belle Otero, Spanish actress, singer and courtesan (d. 1965)
  • 1874 – Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (d. 1920)
  • 1879 – Will Rogers, American humorist (d. 1935)
  • 1883 – Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek general (d. 1953)
  • 1884 – Harry Ferguson, Northern Irish aviator and inventor (d. 1960)
  • 1890 – Alfred Henschke, ps. Klabund, German writer and poet (d. 1928)
  • 1899 – Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgish cyclist (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Lucretiu Patrascanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
  • 1901 – Princess Bang-ja of Korea (d. 1989)
  • 1901 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Tadeusz Zylinski, Polish technician and textilist (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Józef Rotblat, Polish physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1908 – Stanley Cortez, American cinematographer (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Bert Patenaude, American soccer player (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Vadim Salmanov, Russian composer (d. 1978)
  • 1913 – Gig Young, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1916 – Walter Cronkite, American news broadcaster
  • 1918 – Art Carney, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Cameron Mitchell, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – Martin Balsam, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Benno Besson, Swiss actor (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Freddy Heineken, Dutch businessman (d. 2002)
  • 1924 – Howie Meeker, Canadian ice hockey player and politician
  • 1930 – Doris Roberts, American actress
  • 1930 – Dick Groat, American baseball player
  • 1932 – Thomas Klestil, President of Austria (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Tito Francona, American baseball player
  • 1936 – C. K. Williams, American poet
  • 1937 – Loretta Swit, American actress
  • 1937 – Michael Wilson, Canadian politician
  • 1940 – Delbert McClinton, American musician
  • 1943 – Marlène Jobert, French actress
  • 1943 – Clark Graebner, American tennis player
  • 1943 – Bob Wollek, French race car driver (d. 2001)
  • 1944 – Scherrie Payne, American singer (The Supremes)
  • 1944 – Linda Gary, American voice actress (d. 1995)
  • 1946 – Laura Bush, First Lady of the United States
  • 1946 – Frederick Elmes, American cinematographer
  • 1946 – Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer (d. 1989)
  • 1950 – Charles Frazier, American author
  • 1950 – Markie Post, American actress
  • 1951 – Traian Basescu, President of Romania
  • 1951 – Cosey Fanni Tutti, English performance artist (Throbbing Gristle, Chris and Cosey)
  • 1953 – Carlos Gutierrez, American politician
  • 1953 – Jacques Villeneuve (elder), Canadian racing driver
  • 1953 – Dr. Marvel Williamson, American educator
  • 1954 – Chris Difford, English musician and songwriter
  • 1955 – Matti Vanhanen, Prime Minister of Finland
  • 1956 – Jordan Rudess, American musician (Dream Theater)
  • 1956 – James Honeyman-Scott, English guitarist (The Pretenders) (d. 1982)
  • 1958 – Anne Sweeney, American television executive
  • 1960 – Marc Awodey, American artist and writer
  • 1960 – Frl. Menke, German pop singer of the Neue Deutsche Welle
  • 1961 – Kathy Griffin, American comedian
  • 1961 – Daron Hagen, American composer
  • 1961 – Edward Knight, American composer
  • 1961 – Ralph Macchio, American actor
  • 1961 – Les Sampou, American musician
  • 1961 – Nigel Worthington, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1962 – Jeff Probst, American television host
  • 1963 – Marc Déry, Canadian singer and guitarist (Zébulon)
  • 1963 – Rosario Flores, Spanish singer and actress
  • 1963 – Michel Therrien, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1965 – Malandra Burrows, English actress and singer
  • 1965 – Tomoaki Ishizuka “Pata”, Japanese musician
  • 1965 – Jeff Scott Soto, American musician (Yngwie Malmsteen Journey)
  • 1965 – Wayne Static, American musician (Static-X)
  • 1966 – H. John Heinz IV, American medieval armor craftsman; son of Teresa Heinz
  • 1967 – Eric Karros, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Carlos Baerga, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1969 – Sean “Diddy” Combs, American rapper
  • 1969 – Matthew McConaughey, American actor
  • 1970 – Tim DeBoom, American triathlete
  • 1972 – Luís Figo, Portuguese footballer
  • 1972 – Tabassum Hashmi, Indian actress
  • 1974 – Cedric Bixler-Zavala, American musician (At the Drive-In, The Mars Volta)
  • 1975 – Eric Fichaud, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Eduard Kokcharov, Russian handball player
  • 1975 – Curtis Stone, Australian chef and television personality
  • 1975 – Heather Tom, American actress
  • 1976 – Bruno Junqueira, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1976 – Mario Melchiot, Dutch footballer
  • 1977 – Larry Bigbie, American baseball player
  • 1977 – So Ji-sub, South Korean swimmer, model and actor
  • 1977 – Tonicha Jeronimo, British actress
  • 1978 – Carmen Cali, American baseball player
  • 1978 – John Grabow, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Jesse Camp, former MTV veejay
  • 1979 – Trishelle Cannatella, American reality tv castmember and model
  • 1979 – Audrey Hollander, American pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Sabrina Colie, Jamaican Actress
  • 1980 – Jerry Collins, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1980 – Richard Owens, American football player
  • 1980 – Marcy Rylan, American actress
  • 1982 – Devin Hester, American football player
  • 1985 – Marcell Jansen, German footballer
  • 1986 – Alexz Johnson, Canadian singer and actress
  • 1986 – Adrian Zaugg, South African racing driver

November 4 – Deaths:

  • 1254 – John III Ducas Vatatzes, Emperor of the Nicaea (b. circa 1192).
  • 1411 – Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxonia (b. 1384)
  • 1652 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Flemish mathematician (b. 1597)
  • 1669 – Johannes Cocceius, Dutch theologian (b. 1603)
  • 1698 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician and mathematician (b. 1625)
  • 1702 – John Benbow, English admiral (b. 1653)
  • 1704 – Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (b. 1654)
  • 1781 – Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (b. 1721)
  • 1801 – William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1712)
  • 1847 – Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (b. 1809)
  • 1856 – Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter (b. 1797)
  • 1893 – Pierre Tirard, French politician (b. 1827)
  • 1906 – John H. Ketcham, American politician (b. 1832)
  • 1918 – Wilfred Owen, English poet (b. 1893)
  • 1924 – Gabriel Fauré, French composer (b. 1845)
  • 1924 – Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1843)
  • 1928 – Arnold Rothstein, American gambler (b. 1882)
  • 1930 – Buddy Bolden, American musician (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Grover Cleveland Alexander, American baseball player (b. 1887)
  • 1955 – Cy Young, American baseball player (b. 1867)
  • 1957 – Shoghi Effendi, Guardian of the Bahá’í Faith (b. 1897)
  • 1968 – Michel Kikoine, Belarusian painter (b. 1892)
  • 1969 – Carlos Marighella, Brazilian politician (b. 1911)
  • 1974 – Bert Patenaude, American soccer player (b. 1909)
  • 1980 – Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Dominique Dunne, American actress (b. 1959)
  • 1986 – Kurt Hirsch, German mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Shaike Ophir, Israeli actor (b. 1929)
  • 1994 – Fred Sonic Smith, American guitar player MC5 (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli prime minister; recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1922)
  • 1995 – Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Malcolm Marshall, Barbadian West Indies cricketer (b. 1958)
  • 2003 – Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Ken Gampu, South African actor (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Nadia Anjuman, Afghan poet and journalist (b. 1980)
  • 2005 – Sheree North, American actress and singer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American memoirist (Cheaper by the Dozen) (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Frank Arthur Calder, Canadian politician (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Peter Viertel, German-American author and screenwriter (b. 1920)

November 4-Holidays

  • Italy – celebration of victory in World War I, Armed Forces Day
  • Panama – Flag Day
  • Roman Catholic Saints – Feast day of the following Roman Catholic saints:
    • St. Charles Borromeo
    • St. Emeric
    • St. Vitalis
  • Roman festivals – start of the Ludi Plebeii
  • Russia – Day of People’s Unity (or National Unity Day)
  • Russian Orthodox Church – Feast of Our Lady of Kazan
  • Tonga – National Day

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 3

November 3 – Events:

  • 644 – Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina.
  • 1468 – Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy’s troops.
  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus first sights the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea.
  • 1783 – John Austin, a highwayman, is the last to be publicly hanged at London’s Tyburn gallows.
  • 1783 – The American Continental Army is disbanded.
  • 1793 – French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma
  • 1817 – The Bank of Montreal, Canada’s oldest chartered bank, opens in Montreal, Quebec.
  • 1838 – The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce.
  • 1848 – A greatly revised constitution, drafted by Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, severely limiting the powers of the Dutch monarchy, and strengthening the powers of the parliament and the ministers, is proclaimed. This constitution is still in effect today.
  • 1856 – A British fleet bombs Canton.
  • 1883 – American Old West: Self-described “Black Bart the poet” gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
  • 1903 – With the encouragement of the United States, Panama proclaims itself independent from Colombia. US President Theodore Roosevelt had wanted the United States to build the Panama Canal, but was not willing to pay what Colombia asked.
  • 1905 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners.
  • 1911 – Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.
  • 1913 – The USA introduces an income tax.
  • 1918 – Austria-Hungary enters into an armistice with the World War I Allies, and the Habsburg-ruled empire dissolves.
  • 1918 – Poland declares its independence from Russia.
  • 1930 – Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.
  • 1935 – George II of Greece regains his throne through a popular plebiscite.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein ends – German forces under Erwin Rommel are forced to retreat during the night.
  • 1942 – The city of Kisarazu in founded in Chiba, Japan.
  • 1943 – World War II: 500 aircraft of the U.S. 8th Air Force devastate Wilhelmshafen harbor in Germany.
  • 1944 – World War II: Two supreme commanders of the Slovak National Uprising, Generals Ján Golian and Rudolf Viest are captured, tortured and later executed by German forces.
  • 1957 – Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2. On board is the first animal to enter orbit: a dog named Laika.
  • 1964 – Washington D.C. residents are able to vote in a presidential election for the first time.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: The Battle of Dak To begins.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon addresses the nation on television and radio, asking the “silent majority” to join him in solidarity on the Vietnam War effort and to support his policies.
  • 1973 – Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 10 toward Mercury, on March 29, 1974, becoming the first space probe to reach that planet.
  • 1978 – Dominica gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979 – Greensboro massacre: Five members of the Communist Workers Party are shot dead and seven are wounded by a group of Klansmen and neo-Nazis during a “Death to the Klan” rally.
  • 1982 – The Salang tunnel fire in Afghanistan kills up to 2,000+ people.
  • 1986 – Iran-Contra Affair: The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reports that the United States has been selling weapons to Iran in secret in order to secure the release of seven American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.
  • 1986 – The Federated States of Micronesia become independent from the United States of America.
  • 1988 – Sri Lankan Tamil mercenaries try to overthrow the Maldivian government. At President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom’s request, the Indian military suppresses the coup attempt within 24 hours.
  • 2003 – NYC Subway’s Redbird trains make their final run.

November 3-Birthdays

  • 39 – Lucan, Roman poet (d. 65)
  • 1500 – Benvenuto Cellini, Italian artist (d. 1571)
  • 1558 – Thomas Kyd, author of The Spanish Tragedy (d. 1594)
  • 1560 – Annibale Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1609)
  • 1587 – Samuel Scheidt, German composer (d. 1654)
  • 1604 – Osman II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1622)
  • 1618 – Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1707)
  • 1633 – Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (d. 1714)
  • 1718 – John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, English statesman (d. 1792)
  • 1749 – Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
  • 1793 – Stephen F. Austin, American pioneer (d. 1836)
  • 1794 – William Cullen Bryant, American poet and journalist (d. 1878)
  • 1799 – William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (d. 1856)
  • 1801 – Karl Baedeker, German author and publisher (d. 1859)
  • 1801 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (d. 1835)
  • 1815 – John Mitchel, Fenian
  • 1816 – Jubal Early, American Confederate general (d. 1894)
  • 1816 – Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (d. 1898)
  • 1845 – Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1921)
  • 1852 – Meiji Emperor, Japanese emperor (d. 1912)
  • 1856 – Jim McCormick, baseball player (d. 1918)
  • 1857 – Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (d. 1918)
  • 1862 – Henry George, Jr., American politician (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Stephen Peter Alencastre, Roman Catholic prelate (d. 1940)
  • 1877 – Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean president. (d. 1960)
  • 1887 – Samuil Marshak, Russian writer, translator and children’s poet (d. 1964)
  • 1890 – Eustaquio van Lieshout, Dutch priest (d. 1943)
  • 1893 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1986)
  • 1895 – Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1896 – Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (d. 1986)
  • 1900 – Adolf Dassler, founder of Adidas (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Leopold III of Belgium (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – André Malraux, French writer (d. 1976)
  • 1903 – Walker Evans, American photographer (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Bronko Nagurski, American football player (d. 1990)
  • 1909 – James Reston, American journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Richard Hurndall, British actor (d. 1984)
  • 1912 – Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Bob Feller, baseball player
  • 1918 – Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Russell B. Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Dean Riesner, film and television screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1919 – Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian writer (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Charles Bronson, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1990)
  • 1924 – Samuel Ruiz García, Mexican Roman Catholic bishop
  • 1926 – Valdas Adamkus, President of the Republic of Lithuania
  • 1926 – Maurice Couture, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop
  • 1928 – Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – D. James Kennedy, American theologian (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Brian Robinson, British cyclist
  • 1930 – Lois Smith, American actress
  • 1931 – Yon Hyong-muk, North Korean politician (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Monica Vitti, Italian actress
  • 1931 – Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Ken Berry, American actor
  • 1933 – John Barry, English composer
  • 1933 – Jeremy Brett, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Aneta Corsaut, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Michael Dukakis, American politician
  • 1933 – Amartya Sen, Indian economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1936 – Roy Emerson, Australian tennis champion
  • 1938 – Martin Dunwoody, British mathematician
  • 1938 – Jean Rollin, French director and screenwriter
  • 1941 – Brian Poole, English musician (The Tremeloes)
  • 1943 – Bert Jansch, Scottish folk musician
  • 1945 – Ken Holtzman, American baseball player and manager
  • 1945 – Gerd Müller, German footballer
  • 1945 – J. D. Souther, American country-rock singer/songwriter & actor
  • 1946 – Tom Savini, American actor
  • 1947 – Mazie Hirono, American politician
  • 1948 – Lulu, British actress and singer
  • 1948 – Helmut Koinigg, Austrian racing driver (d. 1974)
  • 1949 – Larry Holmes, American boxer
  • 1949 – Anna Wintour, English-American editor
  • 1949 – Mike Evans, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Joe Queenan, American writer
  • 1950 – Massimo Mongai, Italian writer
  • 1951 – Ed Murawinski, American cartoonist, New York Daily News
  • 1952 – Roseanne Barr, American actress and comedian
  • 1952 – Jim Cummings, American voice actor
  • 1952 – David Ho, Taiwanese-American AIDS researcher
  • 1953 – Kate Capshaw, American actress
  • 1953 – Helios Creed, American musician (Chrome)
  • 1953 – Larry Herndon, baseball player
  • 1953 – Dennis Miller, American comedian
  • 1954 – Adam Ant, English singer
  • 1955 – Phil Simms, American football player
  • 1956 – Kevin Murphy, American actor and puppeteer
  • 1956 – Gary Ross, American film director
  • 1957 – Dolph Lundgren, Swedish actor
  • 1959 – Hal Hartley, American film director and writer
  • 1960 – Karch Kiraly, American volleyball player
  • 1962 – Jacqui Smith UK Home Secretary
  • 1963 – Ian Wright, English footballer
  • 1963 – Shigeaki Hattori, Japanese racing driver
  • 1966 – Joe Hachem, Lebanese-born Australian poker player
  • 1967 – John Tomac, American MTB Hall of Fame cyclist
  • 1969 – Robert Miles, Swiss record producer, composer and musician in trance and ambient music.
  • 1971 – Dylan Moran, Irish comedian
  • 1971 – Diego Alessi, Italian race car driver
  • 1973 – Kirk Jones (Sticky Fingaz), American musician
  • 1973 – Nemone, athlete and broadcaster
  • 1974 – Tariq Abdul-Wahad, French basketball player
  • 1975 – Darren Sharper, American football player
  • 1976 – Guillermo Franco, Argentine-Mexican footballer
  • 1977 – Aria Giovanni, American model
  • 1979 – Beau McDonald, Australian Rules Footballer
  • 1979 – Pablo Aimar, Argentine footballer
  • 1979 – Tim McIlrath, American musician (Rise Against)
  • 1982 – Evgeny Plushenko, Russian figure skater
  • 1983 – Suzane von Richthofen, Brazilian murderess
  • 1984 – Ryo Nishikido, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band) and Kanjani8)
  • 1984 – Christian Bakkerud, Danish racing driver
  • 1987 – Gemma Ward, Australian model
  • 1987 – Colin Kaepernick, American football player
  • 1989 – Paula DeAnda, American singer

November 3 – Deaths:

  • 361 – Constantius II, Roman Emperor (b. 317)
  • 753 – Pirminius, German saint (b. 753)
  • 1254 – John III Doukas Vatatzes, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1193)
  • 1428 – Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury, English military leader (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1388)
  • 1580 – Jeronimo Zurita y Castro, Spanish historian (b. 1512)
  • 1584 – Charles Borromeo, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1538)
  • 1600 – Richard Hooker, English theologian (b. 1554)
  • 1643 – John Bainbridge, English astronomer (b. 1582)
  • 1643 – Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (b. 1577)
  • 1711 – John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (b. 1666)
  • 1787 – Robert Lowth, British bishop and grammarian (b. 1710)
  • 1793 – Olympe de Gouges, French feminist and revolutionary (b. 1748)
  • 1794 – François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1715)
  • 1869 – Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet (b. 1792)
  • 1890 – Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1811)
  • 1891 – Louis Lucien Bonaparte, French politician and linguist (b. 1813)
  • 1917 – Léon Bloy, French novelist and essayist (b. 1846)
  • 1918 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Lyapunov, Russian scientist (b. 1857)
  • 1926 – Annie Oakley, American sharp-shooter (b. 1860)
  • 1927 – Karel Matej Capek-Chod, Czech journalist (b. 1860)
  • 1929 – Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet (b. 1883)
  • 1933 – Emile Roux, French scientist (b. 1853)
  • 1939 – Charles Tournemire, French composer and organist (b. 1870)
  • 1949 – Solomon R. Guggenheim, American art collector and philanthropist (b. 1861)
  • 1954 – Henri Matisse, French artist (b. 1869)
  • 1957 – Wilhelm Reich, Austrian psychotherapist (b. 1897)
  • 1964 – John Henry Barbee, American guitarist and singer (b. 1905)
  • 1970 – Peter II of Yugoslavia (b. 1923)
  • 1973 – Marc Allégret, French director and screenwriter (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Alfredo Antonini, American conductor and composer (b. 1901)
  • 1984 – Richard Hurndall, British actor (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Mary Martin, American actress (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Mort Shuman, American singer and songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 1993 – Leon Theremin, Russian inventor (b. 1895)
  • 1995 – Gordon S. Fahrni, physician and president of the Canadian Medical Association (b. 1887)
  • 1995 – John Orchard, British actor (b. 1928)
  • 1996 – Abdullah Çatli, a Turkish nationalist and neofascist activist (b. 1956)
  • 1996 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa, President of the Central African Republic (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Bob Kane, comic artist and Batman co-creator (b. 1915)
  • 1999 – Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Ernst Gombrich, Austrian art historian (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Lonnie Donegan, Scottish musician (b. 1931)
  • 2002 – Jonathan Harris, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Rasul Gamzatov, Russian poet (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Sergei Zholtok, Latvian hockey player (b. 1972)
  • 2006 – Paul Mauriat, French musician (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Alberto Spencer, Ecuadorean footballer (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Marie Rudisill, American author and “Fruitcake Lady” (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Martin Meehan, Irish republican (b. 1945)

November 3 – Holidays:

  • Day of resurrection of the god Osiris during the pagan celebration the Discovery of Osiris (Inventio Osiridis).
  • Christian feast days:
    • Acepsimas of Hnaita and companions
    • St. Germanus
    • St. Hubert
    • St. Malachy O’ More
    • St. Martin de Porres
    • St. Winifred
  • Independence Day in Panama (1903, from Colombia), Dominica (1978, from Britain) and Federated States of Micronesia (1986, from United States)
  • Japan – Culture Day (originally celebrated as Emperor’s Birthday until the Meiji Emperor’s death in 1912)

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