On This Day in History September 15

September 15 – Events:

  • 668 – Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
  • 921 – Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law at Tetin.
  • 1556 – Vlissingen ex-emperor Charles V returns to Spain.
  • 1584 – San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid is finished.
  • 1600 – Battle of Sekigahara
  • 1616 – The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy.
  • 1683 – Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded by 13 immigrant families.
  • 1762 – Battle of Signal Hill
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: British land at Kip’s Bay during the New York Campaign.
  • 1789 – The United States Department of State is established (formerly known as Department of Foreign Affairs).
  • 1812 – The French army under Napoleon reaches the Kremlin in Moscow.
  • 1820 – Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal; (see Portugal’s crises of the Nineteenth Century.
  • 1821 – Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica jointly declare independence from Spain.
  • 1830 – The Liverpool to Manchester railway line opens.
  • 1831 – The locomotive John Bull operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad.
  • 1835 – The HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin aboard, reaches the Galápagos Islands.
  • 1851 – Saint Joseph’s University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Confederate forces capture Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
  • 1873 – Franco-Prussian War: The last German troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity.
  • 1883 – The Bombay Natural History Society is founded in Bombay (now Mumbai), India.
  • 1894 – First Sino-Japanese War: Japan defeats China in the Battle of Pyongyang.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Battle of Aisne begins between Germany and France.
  • 1916 – World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme.
  • 1928 – Sir Alexander Fleming notices a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory, discovering what later became known as penicillin.
  • 1928 – Tich Freeman becomes the only bowler to take 300 wickets in an English cricket season.
  • 1931 – In Scotland, the two-day Invergordon Mutiny against Royal Navy pay cuts begins.
  • 1935 – Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of citizenship.
  • 1935 – Nazi Germany adopts a new national flag with the swastika.
  • 1940 – World War II: The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Royal Air Force shoot down large numbers of Luftwaffe.
  • 1941 – The U.S. Attorney General rules that the Neutrality Act is not violated when U.S. ships carry war materiel to British territories, opening the door for the Lend-Lease Act.
  • 1942 – World War II: The U.S. aircraft carrier USS Wasp is torpedoed at Guadalcanal.
  • 1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meet in Quebec as part of the Octagon Conference to discuss strategy.
  • 1945 – A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
  • 1947 – The U.S. Air Force is separated from the US Army to become a separate branch.
  • 1947 – RCA releases the 12AX7 vacuum tube.
  • 1948 – The F-86 Sabre sets the world aircraft speed record at 1080 km/h.
  • 1950 – Korean War: United States forces land at Incheon, Korea.
  • 1952 – United Nations gives Eritrea to Ethiopia.
  • 1957 – West Germany holds its third parliamentary election. Konrad Adenauer remains chancellor.
  • 1958 – A Central Railroad of New Jersey commuter train runs through an open drawbridge at the Newark Bay, killing 58.
  • 1959 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes the first Soviet leader to visit the United States.
  • 1961 – Hurricane Carla strikes Texas with winds of 175 miles per hour.
  • 1962 – The Soviet ship Poltava heads toward Cuba, one of the events that sets into motion the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • 1963 – The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing kills four children at a black church in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
  • 1968 – The Soviet Zond 5 spaceship is launched, becoming the first spacecraft to fly around the Moon and re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • 1972 – A magnitude 4.5 earthquake shakes Northern Illinois.
  • 1972 – An SAS domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm was hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport.
  • 1974 – Air Vietnam flight 727 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board.
  • 1975 – The French department of Corse (the entire island of Corsica) is divided into two: Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud.
  • 1981 – The United States Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O’Connor to become the first female justice on the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1981 – The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, DC.
  • 1981 – Vanuatu becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1983 – Israeli premier Menachem Begin resigns.
  • 1987 – U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze sign a treaty to establish centers to reduce the risk of nuclear war.
  • 1989 – The U.S. Congress recognizes Terry Anderson’s continued captivity in Beirut.
  • 1990 – France announces it will send 4,000 troops to the Persian Gulf
  • 1993 – Liechtenstein Prince Hans-Adam II disbands parliament.
  • 2004 – NHL commissioner Gary Bettman announced a lockout of the players union and cessation of operations by the NHL head office.
  • 2007 – Over 3000 Taiwanese Americans and their supporters rallied in front of UN in New York City to demonstrate the dedication that UN should accept Taiwan. At the same time, over 300,000 Taiwanese people rally in Taiwan to make the same plea.

September 15 – Birthdays:

  • 973 – Al-Biruni, mathematician (d. 1048)
  • 1254 – Marco Polo, Italian explorer (d. 1324)
  • 1533 – Catherine of Austria, queen consort of Poland and Lithuania (d. 1572)
  • 1580 – Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (d. 1659)
  • 1613 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (d. 1680)
  • 1649 – Titus Oates, English minister and plotter (d. 1705)
  • 1666 – Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle (d. 1726)
  • 1715 – Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, French artillery specialist (d. 1789)
  • 1789 – James Fenimore Cooper, American novelist (d. 1851)
  • 1828 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Butlerov, Russian chemist (d. 1886)
  • 1830 – Porfirio Díaz, President of Mexico (d. 1915)
  • 1852 – Edward Bouchet, American physicist (d. 1918)
  • 1857 – William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (d. 1930)
  • 1858 – Jeno Hubay, Hungarian violinist (d. 1937)
  • 1860 – Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, Indian engineer (d. 1962)
  • 1863 – Horatio Parker, American composer (d. 1919)
  • 1867 – Vladimir May-Mayevsky, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1920)
  • 1876 – Bruno Walter, German conductor (d. 1962)
  • 1876 – Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1877 – Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (d. 1938)
  • 1879 – Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)
  • 1881 – Ettore Bugatti, Italian automobile engineer and designer (d. 1947)
  • 1883 – Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician and engineer (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – Carlos Dávila, former President of Chile (d. 1955)
  • 1888 – Antonio Ascari, Italian racing driver (d. 1925)
  • 1889 – Robert Benchley, American author (d. 1945)
  • 1890 – Agatha Christie, English writer (d. 1976)
  • 1890 – Frank Martin, Swiss composer (d. 1974)
  • 1892 – Silpa Bhirasri, Italian sculptor (d. 1962)
  • 1894 – Jean Renoir, French film director (d. 1979)
  • 1894 – Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (d. 1977)
  • 1898 – J. Slauerhoff, Dutch poet and novelist (d. 1936)
  • 1901 – Sir Donald Bailey, British engineer (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Roy Acuff, American country musician (d. 1992)
  • 1904 – King Umberto II of Italy (d. 1983)
  • 1906 – Jacques Becker, French screenwriter and director (d. 1960)
  • 1907 – Gunnar Ekelöf, Swedish poet and writer (d. 1968)
  • 1907 – Fay Wray, Canadian-born American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Penny Singleton, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1909 – C.N.Annadurai, Former Chief Minnister of Tamilnadu
  • 1911 – Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-born American golf entrepreneur (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – John N. Mitchell, United States Attorney General and Watergate figure (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Johannes Steinhoff, German fighter pilot & NATO commander (d.1994)
  • 1914 – Creighton Abrams, American Army general (d. 1974)
  • 1914 – Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • 1915 – Albert Whitlock, English motion picture matte artist (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Margaret Lockwood, English actress (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1919 – Fausto Coppi, Italian racing cyclist (d. 1960)
  • 1919 – Nelson Gidding, American screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Norma MacMillan, Canadian actress (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Jackie Cooper, American actor and director
  • 1922 – Bob Anderson (fencer), English sword-master
  • 1923 – Anton Heiller, Austrian organist (d. 1979)
  • 1924 – Bobby Short, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician
  • 1926 – Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Cannonball Adderley, American saxophonist and bandleader (d. 1975)
  • 1929 – Eva Burrows, the 13th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1929 – Murray Gell-Mann, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933 – Henry Darrow, American actor
  • 1933 – Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Spanish conductor
  • 1934 – Fred Nile, Australian politician
  • 1937 – Robert Lucas, Jr., American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 – Fernando de la Rúa, 51st President of Argentina
  • 1938 – Gaylord Perry, baseball player
  • 1940 – Merlin Olsen, American football player and actor
  • 1940 – Norman Spinrad, American science fiction author
  • 1941 – Flórián Albert, Hungarian footballer
  • 1941 – Signe Toly Anderson, American singer
  • 1941 – Miroslaw Hermaszewski, Polish cosmonaut
  • 1941 – Yuri Norstein, Russian animator
  • 1941 – Viktor Zubkov, Russian government official
  • 1942 – Lee Dorman, American Bassist
  • 1944 – Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician
  • 1945 – Carmen Maura, Spanish actress
  • 1945 – Jessye Norman, American opera singer
  • 1945 – Ron Shelton, American film director
  • 1946 – Tommy Lee Jones, American actor
  • 1946 – Oliver Stone, American film director
  • 1946 – Howard Waldrop, American science fiction author
  • 1948 – Suzyn Waldman, American Sportscaster
  • 1949 – Joe Barton, American politician
  • 1951 – Pete Carroll, American football coach
  • 1951 – Johan Neeskens, Dutch footballer
  • 1954 – Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (d. 2007)
  • 1955 – Željka Antunovic, Croatian politician
  • 1955 – Theodore Long, American professional wrestling executive
  • 1956 – Jaki Graham, English singer
  • 1956 – Maggie Reilly, Scottish folk singer
  • 1958 – Dr. Know, American guitarist (Bad Brains)
  • 1958 – Joel Quenneville, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1958 – Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1960 – Kevin Allen, Welsh actor
  • 1961 – Terry Lamb, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1961 – Dan Marino, American football player
  • 1964 – Róbert Fico, Slovak Prime minister
  • 1964 – Doyle Wolfgang von Frankenstein, former guitarrist for horror punk band The Misfits
  • 1968 – Danny Nucci, American actor
  • 1969 – Jim Curtiss, American writer
  • 1971 – Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1971 – Josh Charles, American actor
  • 1971 – Ben Wallers, English musician and songwriter (Country Teasers)
  • 1972 – Jimmy Carr, English comedian
  • 1972 – Kit Chan, Singaporean singer
  • 1972 – Princess Letizia of Spain
  • 1973 – Julie Cox, English actress
  • 1975 – Jamie Stevens, German singer
  • 1976 – Paul Thomson, Scottish drummer (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1976 – Matt Thornton, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Angela Aki, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Sophie Dahl, English model
  • 1977 – Leander Jordan, National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1977 – Marisa Ramirez, American actress
  • 1977 – Jason Terry, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Tom Hardy, British actor
  • 1978 – Eiður Guðjohnsen, Icelandic footballer
  • 1979 – Dave Annable, American actor
  • 1979 – Amy Davidson, American actress
  • 1979 – Carlos Ruiz, Guatemalan soccer player
  • 1979 – Patrick Marleau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – David Diehl, American football player
  • 1980 – Jolin Tsai, Taiwanese pop singer
  • 1980 – Mike Dunleavy, Jr., American basketball player
  • 1983 – Luke Hochevar, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Prince Henry of Wales
  • 1986 – Heidi Montag, American reality television star

September 15 – Deaths:

  • 668 – Constans II, Byzantine emperor (b. 630)
  • 866 – Robert the Strong, Margrave of Neustria
  • 1231 – Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1173)
  • 1352 – Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (b. 1273)
  • 1500 – John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1596 – Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535 or 1540)
  • 1613 – Thomas Overbury, English writer (b. 1581)
  • 1643 – Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (b. 1566)
  • 1649 – John Floyd, English Jesuit preacher (b. 1572)
  • 1700 – André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (b. 1613)
  • 1701 – Edmé Boursault, French writer (b. 1638)
  • 1707 – George Stepney, English poet and diplomat (b. 1663)
  • 1712 – Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, English politician
  • 1750 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1690)
  • 1794 – Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1725)
  • 1803 – Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1719)
  • 1830 – William Huskisson, first rail fatality (b. 1770)
  • 1835 – Sarah Knox Taylor, wife of Jefferson Davis (b. 1814)
  • 1842 – Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (b. 1771)
  • 1859 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (b. 1806)
  • 1864 – John Hanning Speke, British explorer (b. 1827)
  • 1883 – Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (b. 1801)
  • 1885 – Jumbo, P. T. Barnum’s circus elephant (hit by a train)
  • 1893 – Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • 1921 – Roman Ungern von Sternberg, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1886)
  • 1926 – Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
  • 1930 – Milton Sills, American actor (b. 1882)
  • 1945 – André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)
  • 1945 – Anton Webern, Austrian composer (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Steve Brown, American musician (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1887)
  • 1973 – Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (b. 1882)
  • 1973 – Victor Jara, Chilean musician (b. 1941)
  • 1978 – Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (b. 1898)
  • 1978 – Robert Cliche, French Canadian politician and judge (b. 1921)
  • 1980 – Bill Evans, American jazz pianist (b. 1929)
  • 1983 – Prince Far I, reggae toaster and producer
  • 1985 – Cootie Williams, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Steven Tuomi, murder victim of Jeffery Dahmer (b. 1963)
  • 1989 – Robert Penn Warren, American writer (b. 1905)
  • 1991 – John Hoyt, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1993 – Ethan Allen, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Harry Calder, South African cricketer (b. 1901)
  • 2000 – Vincent Canby, American movie critic (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Jack Brymer, English clarinetist (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Josef Hirsal, Czech novelist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Johnny Ramone, American guitarist (The Ramones) (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Walter Stewart, Canadian journalist (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Sidney Luft, American film director (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Raymond Baxter, British television presenter (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and writer (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Pablo Santos, Mexican actor (b. 1987)
  • 2006 – Rob Levin, Freenode IRC Network Founder (b. 1955)
  • 2007 – Colin McRae, Scottish rally driver (b. 1968)
  • 2007 – Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan musician (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Brett Somers, Canadian-born American actress and Match Game panelist (b. 1924)

September 15 – Holidays:

  • International Day of Democracy.
  • In ancient Greece, the second day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, when the priests of Demeter declared the public start of the rites.
  • The United Kingdom – the British commemorate the Battle of Britain on the day of the last massive Luftwaffe attack in 1940.
  • Thailand – Silpa Bhirasri Day.
  • In India Engineer’s Day celebrated on birthday of Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya.
  • Slovenia – Restoration of Primorska to the Motherland Day

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On This Day in History September 14

September 14 – Events:

  • 786 – Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi.
  • 1180 – Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan.
  • 1607 – Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland.
  • 1682 – Bishop Gore School one of the oldest schools in Wales founded.
  • 1752 – The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).
  • 1812 – French grenadiers enter Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.
  • 1814 – Francis Scott Key writes “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
  • 1829 – Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo- Turkish War.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: Winfield Scott captures Mexico City.
  • 1862 – Civil War Maryland Campaign Battle of South Mountain is fought.
  • 1886 – Typewriter ribbon patented.
  • 1901 – President of the United States William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6th, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt.
  • 1917 – Russia is officially proclaimed a republic.
  • 1923 – Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain.
  • 1944 – United States Marines land on the island of Peleliu.
  • 1944 – Maastricht becomes the first Dutch city that is liberated by allied forces.
  • 1948 – Groundbreaking for the United Nations headquarters in New York City.
  • 1958 – Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1959 – The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.
  • 1960 – The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.
  • 1964 – The opening of the third period of the Second Vatican Council.
  • 1965 – The opening of the fourth and final period of Second Vatican Council.
  • 1975 – The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, is canonized by Pope Paul VI.
  • 1982 – President-elect of Lebanon, Bachir Gemayel, is assassinated.
  • 1984 – Joe Kittinger becomes the first person to fly a hot air balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1987 – ITV Schools was broadcast on Channel 4 for the very first time.
  • 1987 – The Toronto Blue Jays set a major league record for most home runs in a single game – 10 – versus the Baltimore Orioles at Exhibition Stadium, and the teams combined to tie the record for most homers by two teams – 11. The game also marked the end of Cal Ripken’s streak of 8,243 consecutive innings played, which is believed to be the longest, although this is not a record officially kept by MLB.
  • 1990 – Ken Griffey and his son Ken Jr. become the first father-son duo to hit back-to-back home runs.
  • 1994 – The Major League Baseball season is canceled because of a strike.
  • 1995 – Body Worlds opens in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1998 – Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.
  • 1999 – Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.
  • 2000 – Microsoft introduced the last update to the OS, MS-DOS. (Version 8.0)
  • 2000 – Windows Me is released.
  • 2001 – Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation’s capital.
  • 2003 – In a referendum, Sweden rejects adopting the euro.
  • 2003 – Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum.
  • 2007 – Restrictions on the traditional Latin Mass are officially removed in the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Benedict XVI’s motu proprio Summorum Pontificum takes effect.

September 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1169 – Alexios II Komnenos (d. 1183) Byzantine emperor
  • 1388 – Claudius Clavus, Danish geographer
  • 1486 – Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, German alchemist (d. 1535)
  • 1543 – Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (d. 1615)
  • 1547 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch statesman (d. 1619)
  • 1656 – Thomas Baker, British antiquarian (d. 1746)
  • 1713 – Johann Kies, German mathematician (d. 1781)
  • 1721 – Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (d. 1807)
  • 1737 – Michael Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1806)
  • 1760 – Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (d. 1842)
  • 1769 – Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer (d. 1859)
  • 1771 – Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman (d. 1829)
  • 1804 – John Gould, British ornithologist (d. 1881)
  • 1804 – Louis Desiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate (d. 1882)
  • 1837 – Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (d. 1903)
  • 1849 – Ivan Pavlov, Russian scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1936)
  • 1860 – Hamlin Garland, American writer (d. 1940)
  • 1864 – Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British politician and diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1958)
  • 1867 – Charles Dana Gibson, American artist (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Kid Nichols, baseball player (d. 1953)
  • 1879 – Margaret Sanger, American birth control advocate (d. 1966)
  • 1880 – Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Orthodox missionary and writer, Exarch of Russian Church in North America (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Archie Hahn, American athlete (d. 1955)
  • 1886 – Jan Masaryk, Czech foreign minister and diplomat (d. 1948)
  • 1889 – Maria Capovilla, previous oldest living person (d. 2006)
  • 1891 – Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (d. 1983)
  • 1894 – Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, Bengali Novelist (d. 1950)
  • 1898 – Ernest Nash, German-born archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Giorgos Papasideris Greek musician (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Peter Scott, British naturalist, artist, and explorer (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Jack Hawkins, British actor (d. 1973)
  • 1910 – Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (d. 1971)
  • 1914 – Lída Baarová, Czech actress (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Clayton Moore, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Kay Medford, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – John Heyer, Australian documentary filmmaker (d. 2001}
  • 1918 – Georges Berger, Belgian racing driver (d. 1967)
  • 1920 – Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan writer
  • 1920 – Lawrence Klein, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1920 – Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Dario Vittori, Argentinian actor (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Michel Auclair, French actor (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and noted author (d. 1994)
  • 1926 – Michel Butor, French novelist
  • 1927 – Martin Caidin, American writer noted for his focus on aviation (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Larry Collins, American writer (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Maurice Vachon, French Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1930 – Allan Bloom, American academic (d. 1992)
  • 1932 – Harry Sinden, National Hockey League executive
  • 1932 – John Tembo, Malawian politician
  • 1933 – Harve Presnell, American actor
  • 1934 – Sarah Kofman, French philosopher
  • 1934 – Kate Millett, American feminist writer
  • 1936 – Walter Koenig, American actor (Star Trek)
  • 1936 – Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1936 – Harry Danielsen, Norwegian politician
  • 1937 – Renzo Piano, Italian architect
  • 1938 – Nicol Williamson, Scottish-born actor
  • 1940 – Larry Brown, American basketball coach
  • 1941 – Alberto Naranjo, Venezuelan musician
  • 1942 – Bernard MacLaverty, Northern Irish writer
  • 1944 – Joey Heatherton, American actress and singer
  • 1945 – Martin Tyler, British sports broadcaster
  • 1947 – Jon “Bowzer” Bauman, “Bowzer” singer in musical group “Sha Na Na”
  • 1947 – Sam Neill, New Zealand actor
  • 1949 – Tommy Seebach, Danish musician (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer
  • 1949 – Steve Gaines, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977)
  • 1949 – Ed King, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
  • 1950 – Paul Kossoff, British guitarist (Free) (d. 1976)
  • 1950 – Masami Kuwashima, Japanese Formula One driver
  • 1950 – Michael Nifong, North Carolina district attorney
  • 1953 – Tom Cora, American cellist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Judy Playfair, Australian swimmer
  • 1956 – Kostas Karamanlis, Greek prime-minister
  • 1956 – Ray Wilkins, English former footballer
  • 1956 – Lefteris Zagoritis, Greek politician
  • 1957 – Tim Wallach, Major League Baseball player
  • 1957 – Kepler Wessels, South African cricketer
  • 1959 – Morten Harket, Norwegian singer (a-ha)
  • 1960 – Melissa Leo, American actress
  • 1960 – Callum Keith Rennie, Canadian actor
  • 1963 – Robin Singh, Indian cricketer
  • 1964 – Faith Ford, American actress
  • 1965 – Michelle Stafford, American actress
  • 1965 – Dmitry Medvedev, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1966 – Mike Cooley, American guitarist
  • 1967 – Dan Cortese, American actor
  • 1969 – Konstantinos Koukodimos, Greek long jumper and politician
  • 1970 – Ben Garant, American actor
  • 1970 – Craig Montoya, American musician (Everclear)
  • 1970 – Francesco Casagrande, Italian cyclist
  • 1971 – Jeff Loomis, American guitarist (Lead guitarist for Nevermore)
  • 1971 – Andre Matos, Brazilian musician
  • 1971 – Kimberly Williams, American actress
  • 1972 – David Bell, baseball player
  • 1973 – Terrell Fletcher, former National Football League player
  • 1973 – Nas, American rapper
  • 1973 – Linvoy Primus, English footballer
  • 1974 – Chad Bradford, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1974 – Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete
  • 1976 – Jeremy Dunham, video game journalist
  • 1976 – Agustín Calleri, Argentine tennis player
  • 1978 – Carmen Kass, Estonian model
  • 1978 – Danielle Peck, country music singer
  • 1978 – Ben Cohen, English rugby union footballer
  • 1979 – Jesse Marunde, American Strongman/Athlete
  • 1980 – Phillip Tobias, American illustrator and musician
  • 1981 – Miyavi, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1982 – Hiroki Narimiya, Japanese actor
  • 1983 – Amy Winehouse, English singer
  • 1983 – Frostee Rucker, National Football League defensive end
  • 1984 – Adam Lamberg, American actor
  • 1984 – Melissa McGhee, American singer
  • 1985 – Paolo Gregoletto, American bassist (Trivium)
  • 1985 – Aya Ueto, Japanese actress idol and singer
  • 1985 – Delmon Young, Major League Baseball player
  • 1986 – Ai Takahashi, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1986 – A.J. Trauth, American actor
  • 1986 – Alan Sheehan, Irish footballer
  • 1989 – Jesse James, American actor

September 14 – Deaths:

  • 258 – Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage
  • 585 – Emperor Bidatsu of Japan (b. 538)
  • 775 – Constantine V, Byzantine Emperor (b. 718)
  • 786 – Al-Hadi, Abbasid caliph
  • 891 – Pope Stephen V
  • 1146 – Zengi, ruler of Syria (b. 1087)
  • 1164 – Emperor Sutoku of Japan (b. 1119)
  • 1214 – Albert Avogadro, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem (b. 1149)
  • 1321 – Dante Alighieri, Italian author (b. 1265)
  • 1404 – Albert IV of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1435 – John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (b. 1389)
  • 1523 – Pope Adrian VI (b. 1459)
  • 1538 – Henry III of Nassau-Breda, German nobleman (b. 1483)
  • 1605 – Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
  • 1638 – John Harvard, American clergyman (b. 1607)
  • 1646 – Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (b. 1591)
  • 1712 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-born astronomer (b. 1625)
  • 1743 – Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • 1749 – Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (b. 1675)
  • 1759 – Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (b. 1712)
  • 1807 – George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
  • 1836 – Aaron Burr, Vice President of the United States (b. 1756)
  • 1851 – James Fenimore Cooper, American author (b. 1789)
  • 1852 – Augustus Pugin, English architect (b. 1812)
  • 1852 – Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, British general and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1879 – Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist (b. 1808)
  • 1898 – William Seward Burroughs, American inventor (b. 1857)
  • 1901 – William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (b. 1843)
  • 1905 – Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà), explorer (b. 1852)
  • 1910 – Huo Yuan Jia, Chinese martial artist
  • 1927 – Isadora Duncan, American dancer (b. 1877)
  • 1936 – Irving Thalberg, American film producer (b. 1899)
  • 1937 – Tomáš Masaryk, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1850)
  • 1942 – Ezra Seymour Gosney, American eugenicist (b. 1855)
  • 1951 – Fritz Busch, German conductor (b. 1890)
  • 1959 – Wayne Morris, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1960 – M. Karagatsis, Greek author (b. 1908)
  • 1965 – J.W. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1891)
  • 1966 – Gertrude Berg, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – Warren Hull, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1975 – Walter Herbert, German-born conductor and impresario (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Furry Lewis, American blues guitarist (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Bachir Gemayel, President-elect of Lebanon,assassinated (b. 1947)
  • 1982 – John Gardner, American novelist (b. 1933)
  • 1982 – Grace Kelly, American actress, Princess of Monaco (b. 1929)
  • 1982 – Christian Ferras, French violinist (b. 1933)
  • 1984 – Janet Gaynor, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Julie Bovasso, American actor and writer (b. 1930)
  • 1991 – Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author and managing editor of Harper’s Magazine (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Maurice K. Goddard – the “father” of Pennsylvania state parks
  • 1996 – Juliet Prowse, British actress and dancer (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Charles Crichton, English film director (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Beah Richards, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer (b. 1931)
  • 2003 – John Serry, Sr., American musician, (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – William Berenberg, American physician (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Robert Wise, American filmmaker (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Vladimir Volkoff, French writer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian-born actor and bodybuilder (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Esme Melville, Australian actress (b. 1918)

September 14 – Holidays:

  • In ancient Greece, the first day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, during which the sacred objects were brought from Eleusis to Athens.

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On This Day in History September 13

September 13 – Events:

  • 509 BC – The temple of Jupiter on Rome’s Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September.
  • 122 – The building of Hadrian’s Wall begins.
  • 533 – General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage, North Africa.
  • 1224 – Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata.
  • 1440 – Gilles de Rais is finally taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by the Bishop of Nantes.
  • 1503 – Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David.
  • 1504 – Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand issue a Royal Warrant for the construction of a Royal Chapel (Capilla Real) to be built.
  • 1609 – Henry Hudson reached the river that would later be named after him – the Hudson River.
  • 1743 – Great Britain, Austria and Savoy-Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms (1743).
  • 1759 – Battle of the Plains of Abraham: British defeat French near Quebec City in the Seven Years’ War, known in the United States as the French and Indian War.
  • 1788 – The United States’ Philadelphia Convention sets the date for the country’s first presidential election, and New York City becomes the temporary capital of the U.S..
  • 1791 – King Louis XVI of France accepts the new constitution.
  • 1814 – The British fail to capture Baltimore, Maryland. Turning point in the War of 1812.
  • 1814 – Francis Scott Key writes The Star-Spangled Banner.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: Six teenage military cadets known as Niños Héroes die defending Chapultepec Castle in the Battle of Chapultepec. American General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City in the Mexican-American War.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee’s battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. It is the prelude to the Battle of Antietam.
  • 1882 – The Battle of Tel el-Kebir is fought in the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
  • 1898 – Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.
  • 1899 – Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident.
  • 1899 – Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m – 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
  • 1900 – Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War.
  • 1906 – First fixed-wing aircraft flight in Europe.
  • 1914 – During World War I, South African troops open hostilities in German south-west Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.
  • 1922 – The temperature (in the shade) at Al ‘Aziziyah, Libya reaches a world record 57.7°C (135.9°F).
  • 1923 – Military coup in Spain – Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
  • 1935 – Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway.
  • 1940 – World War II: German bombs damage Buckingham Palace.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy invades Egypt.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge in the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines successfully defeated attacks by the Imperial Japanese Army with heavy losses for the Japanese forces.
  • 1943 – Chiang Kai-shek elected president of the Republic of China.
  • 1948 – Margaret Chase Smith is elected senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
  • 1953 – Nikita Khrushchev appointed secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1956 – The dike around the Dutch polder East Flevoland is closed.
  • 1956 – IBM introduces the first computer disk storage unit, the RAMAC 305.
  • 1968 – Albania leaves the Warsaw Pact.
  • 1971 – State police and National Guardsmen storm New York’s Attica Prison to end a prison revolt. 42 people die in the assault.
  • 1979 – South Africa grants independence to the “homeland” of Venda (not recognized outside South Africa).
  • 1985 – Japan Super Mario Bros. released for the Nintendo Entertainment System.
  • 1987 – Goiânia accident: A radioactive object is stolen from an abandoned hospital in Goiânia, Brazil, contaminating many people in the following weeks and leading some to die from radiation poisoning.
  • 1988 – Hurricane Gilbert is the strongest recorded hurricane in the Western Hemisphere (based on barometric pressure).
  • 1989 – Largest anti-Apartheid march in South Africa, led by Desmond Tutu.
  • 1993 – Public unveiling of the Oslo Accords, an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement initiated by Norway.
  • 1993 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin shakes hands with PLO chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House after signing an accord granting limited Palestinian autonomy.
  • 1994 – Ulysses probe passes the Sun’s south pole.
  • 1999 – Bomb explodes in Moscow, Russia. At least 119 people are killed.
  • 2001 – Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the U.S. after the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  • 2006 – At Dawson College (Montreal), Kimveer Gill kills one student and wounds 19 others before committing suicide.

September 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1087 – John II Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1143)
  • 1475 – Cesare Borgia, Italian aristocrat (d. 1507)
  • 1502 – John Leland, English antiquarian (d. 1552)
  • 1520 – William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, English statesman (d. 1598)
  • 1604 – William Brereton, English soldier and politician (d. 1661)
  • 1676 – Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans, Duchess of Lorraine (d. 1741)
  • 1694 – Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (d. 1776)
  • 1739 – Grigori Potemkin, Russian statesman (d. 1791)
  • 1766 – Samuel Wilson, namesake of Uncle Sam (d. 1854)
  • 1775 – Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine (d. 1868)
  • 1802 – Arnold Ruge, German philosopher and writer (d. 1880)
  • 1813 – John Sedgwick, American Civil War general (d. 1864)
  • 1819 – Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer (d. 1896)
  • 1830 – Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (d. 1916)
  • 1842 – John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)
  • 1851 – Walter Reed, American physician and biologist (d. 1902)
  • 1857 – Michal Drzymala, Polish peasant rebel (d. 1937)
  • 1857 – Milton S. Hershey, American confectioner (d. 1945)
  • 1860 – John J. Pershing, American general (d. 1948)
  • 1863 – Arthur Henderson, British politician and union leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1935)
  • 1873 – Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1874 – Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (d. 1962)
  • 1874 – Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian-born composer (d. 1951)
  • 1876 – Sherwood Anderson, American writer (d. 1941)
  • 1877 – Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer (d. 1957)
  • 1877 – Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (d. 1962)
  • 1882 – Ramón Grau, Cuban president (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian geometer (d. 1962)
  • 1886 – Sir Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1886 – Amelie Beese, German aviator and sculptor. (d. 1925)
  • 1887 – Lavoslav Ruzicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1893 – Larry Shields, American musician (d. 1953)
  • 1894 – J.B. Priestley, English playwright and novelist (d. 1984)
  • 1894 – Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (d. 1953)
  • 1895 – Morris Kirksey, American rugby player (d. 1981)
  • 1899 – Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, leader of the Iron Guard (d. 1938)
  • 1903 – Claudette Colbert, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Bill Monroe, American singer (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Roald Dahl, British writer (d. 1990)
  • 1916 – Dick Haymes, Argentine vocalist (d. 1980)
  • 1917 – Robert Ward, American composer
  • 1919 – Mary Midgley, American philosopher
  • 1922 – Charles Brown, American singer and pianist (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Edouard Boubat, French photographer (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Scott Brady, American film actor (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Maurice Jarre, French composer
  • 1925 – Mel Tormé, American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Emile Francis, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
  • 1929 – Nicolai Ghiaurov, Bulgarian opera singer (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron, British printing millionaire
  • 1931 – Barbara Bain, American actress
  • 1933 – Eileen Fulton, American actress
  • 1936 – Stefano Delle Chiaie, Italian neo-Nazi
  • 1937 – Don Bluth, American animator
  • 1938 – Judith Martin, American etiquette writer
  • 1938 – John Smith, Labour Party Leader 1992 – 1994. (d. 1994)
  • 1939 – Richard Kiel, American actor
  • 1940 – Óscar Arias, Costa Rican politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1941 – Tadao Ando, Japanese architect
  • 1941 – Ahmet Necdet Sezer, 10th President of Turkey
  • 1941 – David Clayton-Thomas, Canadian singer (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
  • 1944 – Jacqueline Bisset, British actress
  • 1944 – Peter Cetera, American musician (Chicago)
  • 1945 – Noël Godin, Belgian humorist
  • 1945 – Andres Küng, Swedish-Estonian politician, journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1946 – Frank Marshall, American film producer
  • 1948 – Nell Carter, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1948 – Dimitri Nanopoulos, Greek physicist
  • 1949 – Fred Sonic Smith, American musician (MC5) (d. 1994)
  • 1950 – Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Polish politician
  • 1951 – Jean Smart, American actress
  • 1951 – Linda Wong, Asian adult actress (d. 1987)
  • 1952 – Randy Jones, American musician (The Village People)
  • 1952 – Raymond O’Connor, American actor
  • 1952 – Don Was, American singer
  • 1955 – Joe Morris, American musician
  • 1957 – John G. Trueschler, American politician
  • 1957 – Vinny Appice, American musician (Black Sabbath, Dio, Heaven and Hell)
  • 1960 – Greg Baldwin, American voiceover actor (Avatar: The Last Airbender)
  • 1961 – Dave Mustaine, American musician (Megadeth)
  • 1961 – KK Null, Japanese musician
  • 1961 – Peter Roskam, Republican Congressman from Illinois
  • 1962 – Tõnu Õnnepalu, Estonian poet and author
  • 1963 – Theodoros Roussopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1964 – Tavis Smiley, American talk show host, journalist and author
  • 1965 – Zak Starkey, British musician
  • 1965 – Annie Duke, American poker player
  • 1966 – Maria Furtwängler, German physician
  • 1967 – Michael Johnson, American athlete
  • 1967 – Tim ‘Ripper’ Owens, American singer (Iced Earth, Judas Priest)
  • 1968 – Brad Johnson, American football player
  • 1968 – Emma Sjöberg, Swedish model
  • 1968 – Bernie Williams, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1969 – Tyler Perry, American actor
  • 1969 – Ilka Knickenberg, German actress
  • 1969 – Shane Warne, Australian cricketer
  • 1970 – Martín Herrera, former Argentine footballer
  • 1970 – Louise Lombard, British actress
  • 1970 – Yuki Matsuoka, Japanese voice actress
  • 1971 – Goran Ivaniševic, Croatian tennis player
  • 1971 – Manabu Namiki, Japanese composer
  • 1971 – Stella McCartney, English fashion designer
  • 1973 – Christine Arron, French runner
  • 1973 – Fabio Cannavaro, Italian footballer
  • 1973 – Kelly Chen, Chinese singer
  • 1973 – Marcelinho Paulista, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Craig Rivet, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Keith Murray, American rapper
  • 1974 – Éric Lapointe, Canadian football player
  • 1975 – Joe Don Rooney, American musician (Rascal Flatts)
  • 1975 – Akihiro Asai, Japanese racing driver
  • 1976 – Giorgos Koltzos, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Craig McMillan, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1976 – José Théodore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Fiona Apple, American singer
  • 1977 – Ivan De Battista, Maltese Actor, singer and composer
  • 1977 – Daisuke Tsuda, Japanese singer (Maximum the Hormone)
  • 1978 – Megan Henning, American actress
  • 1978 – Darren Kenton, English footballer
  • 1979 – Geike Arnaert, Belgian singer (Hooverphonic)
  • 1979 – Ivan Miljkovic, Serbian volleyball player
  • 1979 – Catalina Cruz, American pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Han Chae Young, South Korean actress
  • 1980 – Daisuke Matsuzaka, Japanese baseball player
  • 1980 – Evangelos Nastos, Greek footballer
  • 1980 – Viren Rasquinha, Indian field hockey player
  • 1980 – Ben Savage, American actor
  • 1980 – Michelle Nolan, American musician (Straylight Run)
  • 1980 – Teppei Teranishi, American guitarist (Thrice)
  • 1981 – Koldo Fernández, Spanish cyclist
  • 1981 – Angel Williams, Canadian wrestler
  • 1982 – Nenê, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1982 – Rickie Weeks, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Miha Zupan, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1983 – Sean Brosnan II, American actor and son of actor Pierce Brosnan
  • 1983 – James Bourne, English musician
  • 1984 – Nabil Abou-Harb, Arab-American filmmaker
  • 1985 – Keyunta Dawson, National Football League player
  • 1986 – Kamui Kobayashi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1986 – Sean Williams, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Luke Fitzgerald, Irish rugby union footballer
  • 1988 – Keith Treacy, Irish footballer

September 13 – Deaths:

  • 81 – Titus, Roman emperor (b. 39)
  • 1321 – Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (b. 1265)
  • 1438 – Duarte, King of Portugal (b. 1391)
  • 1506 – Andrea Mantegna, Italian painter
  • 1557 – John Cheke, English classical scholar and statesman (b. 1514)
  • 1592 – Michel de Montaigne, French writer (b. 1533)
  • 1598 – Philip II, King of Spain (b. 1526)
  • 1632 – Leopold V, regent of the Tyrol (b. 1586)
  • 1759 – James Wolfe, British general (b. 1727)
  • 1766 – Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
  • 1806 – Charles James Fox, English politician (b. 1749)
  • 1808 – Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (b. 1718)
  • 1813 – Hezqeyas of Ethiopia, deposed Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1847 – Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (b. 1767)
  • 1872 – Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach, German philosopher (b. 1804)
  • 1881 – Ambrose Burnside, American Civil War general and politician (b. 1824)
  • 1885 – Friedrich Kiel, Austrian composer (b. 1821)
  • 1894 – Emmanuel Chabrier, French composer (b. 1841)
  • 1904 – Raden Ayu Kartini, Indonesian national heroine (b. 1879)
  • 1905 – René Goblet, French politician (b. 1828)
  • 1912 – Maresuke Nogi, Japanese general (b. 1849)
  • 1915 – Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)
  • 1928 – Italo Svevo, Italian author (b. 1861)
  • 1946 – Eugene Lanceray, Russian painter (b. 1875)
  • 1946 – Amon Göth, commandant of Nazi concentration camp (b. 1908)
  • 1949 – August Krogh, Danish zoophysiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1965 – Jean B. Fletcher, American architect (b. 1915)
  • 1973 – Betty Field, American actress (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – Albert Tessier, French Canadian priest, historian and film maker (b. 1895)
  • 1976 – Armand Mondou, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1905)
  • 1977 – Leopold Stokowski, English conductor (b. 1882)
  • 1987 – Mervyn LeRoy, American film director (b. 1900)
  • 1991 – Metin Oktay, Turkish football player (b. 1936)
  • 1991 – Joe Pasternak, American film director (b. 1901)
  • 1996 – Tupac Shakur, aka 2Pac, American rapper and actor (b. 1971)
  • 1998 – Harry Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – George Wallace, American politician (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – Benjamin Bloom, American educational theorist (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Dorothy McGuire, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Frank O’Bannon, Governor of Indiana (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Toni Fritsch, Austrian football and American football player (b. 1945)
  • 2005 – Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Ann Richards, 46th Governor of Texas (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Whakahuihui Vercoe, New Zealand clergyman (b. 1928)

September 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – epulum Iovis (“banquet of Jupiter”), on the Ides, during the Ludi Romani.

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On This Day in History September 12

September 12 – Events:
• 490 BC – Athens defeats Persia at the Battle of Marathon; origin of the marathon long-distance race (attributed to Pheidippides)
• 1213 – Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon, at the Battle of Muret.
• 1229 – The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Mallorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
• 1609 – Henry Hudson discovers the Hudson River.
• 1683 – Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna – Several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
• 1814 – Battle of North Point: An American detachment halts the British land advance to Baltimore in the War of 1812.
• 1846 – Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
• 1847 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Chapultepec begins. U.S. Army deserters in the Saint Patrick’s Battalion who fought alongside the Mexican army are hanged en masse for treason by the order of General Winfield Scott.
• 1848 – Switzerland became a Federal state.
• 1857 – The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship carried 13-15 tons of gold from the San Francisco Gold Rush.
• 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
• 1890 – Salisbury, Rhodesia, is founded.
• 1897 – Battle of Saragarhi
• 1906 – Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
• 1910 – Premiere performance of Gustav Mahler’s 8th symphony in Munich with a chorus of 852 singers, and an orchestra of 171 players.
• 1930 – Wilfred Rhodes ends his 1,110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower’s XI against the Australians.
• 1933 – Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
• 1938 – Adolf Hitler demands autonomy for the Germans of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
• 1940 – Cave paintings discovered in Lascaux, France.
• 1940 – The Hercules Powder Company in Kenvil, New Jersey explodes, killing 51 people and injuring over 200.
• 1942 – World War II: RMS Laconia, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks.
• 1942 – World War II: First day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge during the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces.
• 1943 – World War II: Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, is rescued from house arrest on the Gran Sasso in Abruzzi, by German commando Otto Skorzeny.
• 1944 – World War II: The liberation of Serbia from Nazi Germany and the Chetniks continues. Bajina Bašta in western Serbia is among those liberated cities.
• 1947 – The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath.
• 1948 – Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah’s death to limit damage control.
• 1953 – Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
• 1959 – Bonanza premiers. First regularly-scheduled TV program presented in color.
• 1959 – The Soviet Union launches a large rocket, Lunik II, at the moon.
• 1970 – Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
• 1974 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, ‘Messiah’ of the Rastafari movement, is deposed following a military coup by the Derg.
• 1974 – Juventude Africana Amilcar Cabral is founded in Guinea-Bissau.
• 1977 – South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko is killed in police custody.
• 1979 – Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.
• 1980 – Military coup in Turkey.
• 1983 – A Wells Fargo depot in West Hartford, Connecticut, United States, was robbed of approximately US$7 million by Los Macheteros .
• 1990 – The two German states and the Four Powers sign the Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany in Moscow, paving the way for German re-unification.
• 1992 – NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board is Mae Carol Jemison, the first African-American woman in space.
• 1992 – Abimael Guzmán, leader of the Shining Path, is captured by Peruvian special forces; shortly thereafter the rest of Shining Path’s leadership fell as well.
• 1994 – Frank Eugene Corder crashes a Cessna 150 into the White House’s south lawn, striking the West wing and killing himself.
• 1995 – Kareem Abdul-Jabbar’s All Star Team beats the Harlem Globetrotters 91-85, ending the Globetrotters’ 24-year, 8,829-game winning streak.
• 2001 – Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for only the second time (the other being in Bosnia) in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America.
• 2001 – Ansett Australia, Australia’s first commercial interstate airline, collapses due to increased strain on the international airline industry leaving 10,000 people unemployed.
• 2003 – The United Nations lifted sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
• 2005 – The red-green coalition, led by Jens Stoltenberg, wins the Norwegian parliamentary election, taking 87 of 169 seats in the parliament.
• 2005 – Israel completes its withdrawal of all troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip.
• 2005 – Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny’s Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong.
• 2007 – Shinzo Abe announced he resigns as Prime Minister of Japan.
• 2007 – Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada was convicted for the crime of plunder.
• 2007 – An earthquake that measures 8.4 on the Richter scale occurred off the coast of Indonesia, producing a small tsunami.
September 12 – Birthdays:
• 1492 – Lorenzo II de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino (d. 1519)
• 1494 – King Francis I of France (d. 1547)
• 1575 – Henry Hudson, English explorer (d. 1611)
• 1605 – William Dugdale, English antiquarian (d. 1686)
• 1688 – Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1731)
• 1690 – Peter Dens, Belgian Catholic theologian (d. 1775)
• 1725 – Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer (d. 1792)
• 1740 – Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (d. 1817)
• 1812 – Richard Hoe, American inventor and industrialist (d. 1886)
• 1818 – Richard Gatling, American weapons inventor (d. 1903)
• 1830 – William Sprague IV, America politician from Rhode Island (d. 1915)
• 1852 – H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1928)
• 1855 – Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian politician (d. 1920)
• 1875 – Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor (d. 1926)
• 1880 – H. L. Mencken, American journalist and author (d. 1956)
• 1888 – Maurice Chevalier, French singer and actor (d. 1972)
• 1891 – Pedro Albizu Campos, advocate for Puerto Rican independence (d. 1965)
• 1892 – Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher (d. 1984)
• 1897 – Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 1956)
• 1898 – Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer (d. 1963)
• 1898 – Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-born American artist (d. 1969)
• 1901 – Ben Blue, Canadian actor and comedian (d. 1975)
• 1902 – Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, President of Brazil (d. 1976)
• 1907 – Louis MacNeice, Irish poet (d. 1963)
• 1909 – Donald MacDonald, O.C., LL.D. former president of the Canadian Labour Congress and politician (d.1986)
• 1913 – Jesse Owens, American athlete (d. 1980)
• 1914 – Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (d. 1988)
• 1914 – Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (d. 1999)
• 1915 – Frank McGee, American journalist (d. 1974)
• 1916 – Tony Bettenhausen, American race car driver (d. 1961)
• 1917 – Pierre Sévigny, Canadian politician (d. 2004)
• 1921 – Stanislaw Lem, Polish writer (d. 2006)
• 1922 – Ellen Demming, American actress (d. 2002)
• 1925 – Stan Lopata, American baseball player
• 1931 – Sir Ian Holm, English actor
• 1931 – George Jones, American singer
• 1933 – Tatiana Doronina, Russian actress
• 1934 – Glenn Davis, American athlete
• 1934 – Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher
• 1937 – George Chuvalo, Canadian boxer
• 1938 – Claude Ruel, French Canadian ice hockey coach
• 1940 – Linda Gray, American actress
• 1940 – Mickey Lolich, American baseball player
• 1940 – Patrick Mower, English actor
• 1943 – Maria Muldaur, American singer
• 1943 – Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lankan-born writer
• 1944 – Leonard Peltier, American activist
• 1944 – Barry White, American singer (d. 2003)
• 1948 – Luis Lima, Argentinian tenor
• 1949 – Irina Rodnina, Russian figure skater
• 1950 – Gustav Brunner, Austrian engineer
• 1951 – Bertie Ahern, Irish politician
• 1951 – Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby union player
• 1951 – Joe Pantoliano, American actor
• 1951 – Gerald Stano, American serial killer
• 1952 – Gerry Beckley, American musician (America)
• 1952 – Neil Peart, Canadian drummer and author (Rush)
• 1954 – Adrian Adonis, American professional wrestler (d. 1988)
• 1954 – Jeff Jarvis, American journalist
• 1954 – Peter Scolari, American actor
• 1955 – Harsha Makalande, Sri Lankan composer,pianist
• 1956 – Barry Andrews, British musician
• 1956 – Sam Brownback, American politician
• 1956 – Leslie Cheung, Hong Kong singer (d. 2003)
• 1956 – Ricky Rudd, American race car driver
• 1957 – Rachel Ward, English actress
• 1957 – Hans Zimmer, German composer
• 1958 – Wilfredo Benitez, American boxer
• 1961 – Mylène Farmer, French singer and songwriter
• 1961 – Kathem Al Saher, Iraqi singer
• 1962 – Dino Merlin, Bosnian singer
• 1962 – Amy Yasbeck, American actress
• 1964 – Dieter Hecking, German footballer
• 1965 – John Norwood Fisher, American musician
• 1966 – Ben Folds, American musician
• 1967 – Pat Listach, American baseball player
• 1968 – Ler LaLonde, American guitarist (Primus)
• 1968 – Paul F. Tompkins, American comedian
• 1969 – Ángel Cabrera, Argentine golfer
• 1969 – James Frey, American writer
• 1969 – Shigeki Maruyama, Japanese golfer
• 1969 – André Heinz, American environmentalist; son of Teresa Heinz
• 1970 – Nathan Larson, American guitarist and composer (Shudder To Think, Hot One)
• 1972 – Jason Statham, English actor
• 1973 – Darren Campbell, British athlete
• 1973 – Ki-Jana Carter, American football player
• 1973 – Martin Lapointe, Canadian hockey player
• 1973 – Paul Walker, American actor
• 1974 – Caroline Aigle, First female French fighter pilot (d. 2007)
• 1974 – Nuno Valente, Portuguese footballer
• 1974 – Jennifer Nettles, American country singer, part of Sugarland
• 1976 – Bizzy Bone (Bryon Anthony McCane), American rapper
• 1976 – Maciej Zurawski, Polish footballer
• 1977 – Nathan Bracken, Australian cricketer
• 1977 – Grant Denyer, Australian television personality and TV Host
• 1977 – Jeff Irwin, American musician
• 1977 – James McCartney, British musician and son of ex-Beatle Paul McCartney
• 1977 – Idan Raichel, Israeli Musician
• 1977 – David Thompson, English footballer
• 1978 – Benjamin McKenzie, American actor
• 1978 – Michael Paget, Welsh guitarist (Bullet for My Valentine)
• 1978 – Ruben Studdard, American singer
• 1980 – Sean Burroughs, American baseball player
• 1980 – Fernando Cesar de Souza, Brazilian footballer
• 1980 – Gus G., Greek guitarist (Firewind, ex-Dream Evil)
• 1980 – Yao Ming, Chinese basketball player
• 1980 – Josef Vasicek, Czech ice hockey player
• 1981 – Jennifer Hudson, American actress and singer
• 1982 – Nana Ozaki, Japanese gravure idol
• 1983 – Daniel Muir, National Football League player
• 1985 – Jack Wilkinson, English footballer
• 1986 – Yang Mi, Chinese actress
• 1986 – Emmy Rossum, American actress
September 12 – Deaths:
• 413 – Marcellinus of Carthage, Christian saint
• 1185 – Andronikos I Komnenos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1118)
• 1213 – King Peter II of Aragon (b. 1174)
• 1362 – Pope Innocent VI
• 1369 – Blanche of Lancaster, wife of John of Gaunt (b. 1345)
• 1500 – Albert, Duke of Saxony (b. 1443)
• 1612 – Tsar Vasili IV of Russia (b. 1552)
• 1642 – Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis of Cinq-Mars, French conspirator (b. 1620)
• 1660 – Jacob Cats, Dutch poet, jurist, and politician (b. 1577)
• 1665 – Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer (b. 1596)
• 1672 – Tanneguy Lefebvre, French classical scholar (b. 1615)
• 1683 – King Afonso VI of Portugal (b. 1643)
• 1691 – John George III, Elector of Saxony (b. 1647)
• 1695 – Jacob Abendana, Spanish scholar (b. 1630)
• 1712 – Jan van der Heyden, Dutch painter (b. 1637)
• 1764 – Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer (b. 1683)
• 1779 – Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician (b. 1711)
• 1819 – Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian general (b. 1742)
• 1836 – Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German writer (b. 1801)
• 1869 – Peter Roget, British lexicographer (b. 1779)
• 1870 – Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (b. 1836)
• 1874 – François Guizot, French historian and statesman (b. 1787)
• 1912 – Pierre-Hector Cardinal Coullie, Cardinal-Archbishop of Lyon
• 1918 – George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1845)
• 1919 – Leonid Andreyev, Russian writer (b. 1871)
• 1923 – Jules Violle, French physicist and inventor (b. 1841)
• 1927 – Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (b. 1847)
• 1929 – Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (b. 1865)
• 1945 – Hajime Sugiyama, Japanese general (committed suicide, b. 1880)
• 1953 – Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (b. 1884)
• 1956 – Hans Carossa, German writer (b. 1878)
• 1956 – Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (b. 1882)
• 1961 – Carl Hermann, German physicist (b. 1898)
• 1968 – Tommy Armour, Scottish golfer (b. 1894)
• 1972 – William Boyd, American actor (b. 1895)
• 1977 – Steve Biko, South African anti-apartheid activist (b. 1946)
• 1977 – Robert Lowell American poet (b.1917)
• 1981 – Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
• 1986 – Jacques Henri Lartigue, French photographer (b. 1894)
• 1993 – Raymond Burr, Canadian actor (b. 1917)
• 1993 – Willie Mosconi, American billiards player (b. 1913)
• 1994 – Tom Ewell, American actor (b. 1909)
• 1994 – Boris Yegorov, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1937)
• 1995 – Jeremy Brett, English actor (b. 1933)
• 2000 – Stanley Turrentine, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1934)
• 2001 – Victor Wong, Chinese-American actor (b. 1927)
• 2003 – Johnny Cash, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
September 12 – Holidays:
• Cape Verde – National Day.
• Ethiopia – National Revolution Day (1974).
• Maryland (United States) – Defenders Day.
• Mexico – Commemoration of the mass hanging of the Saint Patrick’s Battalion.

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On This Day in History September 11

September 11 – Events:

  • 9 – Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends.
  • 506 – The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
  • 1185 – Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt which deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1226 – The Roman Catholic practice of perpetual adoration begins.
  • 1297 – Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scots led by William Wallace defeat the English.
  • 1541 – Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko.
  • 1609 – Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain’s Moriscos.
  • 1649 – Siege of Drogheda ends: Oliver Cromwell’s English Parliamentarian troops take the town and execute its garrison.
  • 1683 – John III Sobieski of Poland arrives on Kahlen Hill, leading to the Battle of Vienna the next day.
  • 1697 – Battle of Zenta
  • 1708 – Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the Great Northern War. The army is defeated nine months later in the battle of Poltava, and the Swedish empire is no longer a major power.
  • 1709 – Battle of Malplaquet: Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria fight against France.
  • 1714 – Barcelona surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbon armies in the War of the Spanish Succession.
  • 1773 – The Public Advertiser publishes a satirical essay titled Rules By Which A Great Empire May Be Reduced To A Small One, which is written by Benjamin Franklin.
  • 1776 – British-American peace conference on Staten Island fails to stop nascent American Revolution.
  • 1777 – Battle of Brandywine – Major American Revolutionary war victory for British in Chester County, Pennsylvania.
  • 1786 – The Beginning of the Annapolis Convention.
  • 1789 – Alexander Hamilton is appointed as first United States Secretary of the Treasury.
  • 1792 – Hope Diamond is stolen along with other crown jewels when six men broke into the house used to store the jewels.
  • 1802 – France annexed the Kingdom of Piedmont.
  • 1814 – The climax of the Battle of Plattsburgh, a major United States victory in the War of 1812.
  • 1847 – Stephen Foster’s most well-known song, Oh! Susanna, is first performed at a saloon in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • 1857 – The Mountain Meadows Massacre: Mormon settlers and Paiutes massacre 120 pioneers at Mountain Meadows, Utah.
  • 1888 – Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher’s Day was chosen.
  • 1891 – The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
  • 1893 – First World Parliament of Religions conference held.
  • 1897 – After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
  • 1903 – First race is held at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
  • 1906 – Mahatma Gandhi coins the term Satyagraha to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
  • 1914 – Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
  • 1915 – The Pennsylvania Railroad begins electrified commuter rail service between Paoli and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, using overhead AC trolley wires for power.
  • 1916 – The Quebec Bridge’s central span collapses, killing 11 men. The bridge initially collapsed in toto on August 29, 1907.
  • 1919 – U.S. Marines invade Honduras.
  • 1921 – Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled.
  • 1922 – The British Mandate of Palestine begins.
  • 1922 – The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
  • 1922 – One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia’s predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
  • 1926 – An assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini fails.
  • 1931 – Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano’s hitmen.
  • 1932 – Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, killed in a plane crash as their RWD 6 crashed into the ground during a storm.
  • 1940 – George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
  • 1940 – World War II: Buckingham Palace is damaged during a German air raid.
  • 1941 – Ground broken for the construction of The Pentagon.
  • 1941 – World War II: U.S. Navy ordered to attack German U-boats.
  • 1941 – Charles Lindberg’s Des Moines Speech accusing the British, Jews and FDR’s administration of pressing for war with Germany.
  • 1943 – World War II: German troops occupy Corsica and Kosovo-Metohija.
  • 1943 – World War II: start of the liquidation of the Ghettos in Minsk and Lida by the Nazis.
  • 1944 – World War II: the first allied troops of the U.S. Army cross the western border of Nazi
  • 1944 – World War II: RAF bombing raid on Darmstadt and the following firestorm kill 11,500.
  • 1945 – World War II: Liberation of the Japanese-run POW and civilian internee camp at Batu Lintang, Kuching, Sarawak on the island of Borneo by Australian 9th Division forces. Over 2,000 prisoners, including women and children, were due to be executed on September 15.
  • 1956 – People to People International is founded by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
  • 1960 – Young Americans for Freedom meeting at home of William F. Buckley, Jr. promulgates the Sharon Statement.
  • 1961 – Formation of the World Wildlife Fund.
  • 1961 – Hurricane Carla strikes the Texas coast as a Category 4 hurricane.
  • 1965 – The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in Vietnam.
  • 1968 – Air France Flight 1611 crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and 6 crew.
  • 1970 – 88 of the hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings are released. The remaining hostages, mostly Jews or Israeli citizens, are held until September 25.
  • 1970 – The Ford Pinto is introduced.
  • 1971 – The Egyptian Constitution becomes official.
  • 1972 – Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) in San Francisco, California begins regular service.
  • 1973 – A coup in Chile headed by General Augusto Pinochet topples the democratically elected President Salvador Allende. Pinochet remains in power for almost 17 years.
  • 1974 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 212 crashes in Charlotte, North Carolina, killing 69 passengers and two crew.
  • 1978 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter, President Sadat of Egypt, and Prime Minister Begin of Israel met at Camp David and agreed on a framework for peace between Israel and Egypt and a comprehensive peace in the Middle East.
  • 1980 – Voters approve the present Constitution of Chile.
  • 1981 – A small plane crashes into the Swing Auditorium in San Bernardino damaging it beyond repair.
  • 1982 – The international forces, which were guaranteeing the safety of Palestinian refugees following Israel’s 1982 Invasion of Lebanon, left Beirut. Five days later, several thousand refugees were massacred in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
  • 1985 – Baseball: Pete Rose gets his 4,192nd career base hit, breaking Ty Cobb’s record which stood for over 60 years.
  • 1987 – Dan Rather walks off the set of the CBS Evening News over disapproval of the handling of a major event being interrupted and postponed by a sports program, leaving six minutes of dead air.
  • 1989 – The iron curtain opens between the communist Hungary and Austria. From Hungary thousands of East Germans throng to Austria and West Germany.
  • 1990 – U.S. President George H. W. Bush delivers a nationally televised speech in which he threatens the use of force to remove Iraqi soldiers from Kuwait, which Iraq had recently invaded.
  • 1992 – Hurricane Iniki, one of the most damaging hurricanes in United States history , devastates the State of Hawaii, especially the islands of Kauai and Oahu.
  • 1994 – Frank Eugene Corder steals a Cessna plane, intending to crash it into the White House.
  • 1996 – Union Pacific Railroad purchases Southern Pacific Railroad.
  • 1997 – NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor reaches Mars.
  • 1997 – After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom.
  • 1998 – Independent counsel Kenneth Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of 11 possible impeachable offenses.
  • 1998 – Opening ceremony for the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia was the first Asian country to host the games.
  • 2000 – Activists protest against the World Economic Forum meeting in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 2001 – Coordinated attacks resulting in the collapse or severe damage of several skyscrapers at the World Trade Center in New York City, destruction of the western portion of The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, and an intentional passenger airliner crash in Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
  • 2003 – Swedish foreign minister Anna Lindh dies after being assaulted and fatally wounded on September 10.
  • 2003 – The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety enters into effect.
  • 2004 – All passengers are killed when a helicopter crashes in the Aegean Sea. Passengers include Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and 16 others (including journalists and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria).
  • 2005 – The State of Israel completes its unilateral disengagement from the Gaza Strip.
  • 2007 – Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of all bombs.

September 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1182 – Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (d. 1204)
  • 1522 – Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian naturalist (d. 1605)
  • 1524 – Pierre de Ronsard, French poet (d. 1585)
  • 1611 – Henri de la Tour d’Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France (d. 1675)
  • 1681 – Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (d. 1741)
  • 1700 – James Thomson, Scottish poet (d. 1748)
  • 1711 – William Boyce, English composer (d. 1779)
  • 1723 – Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer (d. 1790)
  • 1786 – Friedrich Kuhlau, German composer (d. 1832)
  • 1798 – Franz Ernst Neumann, German mineralogist and physicist (d. 1895)
  • 1800 – Daniel S. Dickinson, New York senator (d. 1866)
  • 1816 – Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (d. 1888)
  • 1825 – Eduard Hanslick, German music critic (d. 1904)
  • 1836 – Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (d. 1870)
  • 1838 – John Ireland, American Catholic archbishop (d. 1918)
  • 1859 – Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian writer (d. 1905)
  • 1860 – Marianne von Werefkin, Russian-Swiss painter (d. 1938)
  • 1860 – James Allan, former All Black (d. 1934)
  • 1862 – O. Henry, American writer (d. 1910)
  • 1862 – Julian Byng, British army officer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (d. 1929)
  • 1877 – James Hopwood Jeans, Scientist (d. 1946)
  • 1885 – D.H. Lawrence, English novelist (d. 1930)
  • 1891 – William Thomas Walsh, American author (d. 1949)
  • 1892 – Pinto Colvig, Goofy’s and Pluto’s voice (d. 1967)
  • 1892 – Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (d. 1980)
  • 1893 – W. Douglas Hawkes, British racing driver (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Jimmie Davis, composer (d. 2000)
  • 1899 – Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (d. 1945)
  • 1900 – D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman (d. 1999)
  • 1903 – Theodor Adorno, German philosopher, composer, and sociologist (d. 1969)
  • 1911 – Bola de Nieve, Cuban pianist (d. 1971)
  • 1913 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, American football coach (d. 1983)
  • 1914 – Patriarch Pavle, Patriarch of Serbian Orthodox Church
  • 1917 – Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – Jessica Mitford, British writer (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Herbert Lom, film actor
  • 1918 – Don Blakeslee, American fighter pilot
  • 1921 – Edwin Richfield, British Actor (d. 1990)
  • 1923 – Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Hindu guru (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Daniel Akaka Chinese-American politician
  • 1924 – Tom Landry, American football coach (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Rudolf Vrba, Jewish Canadian professor, Holocaust survivor (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Harry Somers, Canadian composer (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Eddie Miksis, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – G. David Schine, American businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan broadcaster (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Willie Christine King, Elder sister of Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1928 – Reubin O’Donovan Askew, American politician
  • 1928 – Earl Holliman, American actor
  • 1930 – Saleh Selim, Egyptian football player (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Peter Anderson, English footballer
  • 1933 – William Luther Pierce, American author and activist (d. 2002)
  • 1934 – Oliver Jones, Canadian jazz pianist
  • 1934 – Norma Croker, Australian sprinter
  • 1935 – Arvo Pärt, Estonian composer
  • 1935 – Gherman Titov, second man in space (d. 2000)
  • 1936 – Ian Abercrombie, English actor
  • 1937 – Iosif Kobzon, Soviet singer and Russian businessman
  • 1937 – Queen Paola Ruffo di Calabria of Belgium
  • 1937 – Robert Crippen, American astronaut
  • 1938 – David Higgins, British Composer and Conductor
  • 1939 – Charles Geschke, American inventor and businessman
  • 1940 – Brian de Palma, American film director
  • 1940 – Theodore Olson, U.S. Solicitor General
  • 1940 – Nong Duc Manh, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam
  • 1942 – Lola Falana, American singer
  • 1942 – Gerome Ragni American Playwright
  • 1943 – Mickey Hart, American drummer (Grateful Dead)
  • 1943 – Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist
  • 1944 – Everaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1944 – Freddy Thielemans, mayor of Brussels
  • 1945 – Franz Beckenbauer, German footballer
  • 1945 – Leo Kottke, American acoustic guitarist
  • 1945 – Felton Perry, American actor
  • 1948 – John Martyn, English musician
  • 1949 – Bill Whittington, race car driver
  • 1950 – Bruce Doull, Australian rules footballer
  • 1950 – Amy Madigan, American actress
  • 1950 – Barry Sheene, British motorcyclist (d. 2003)
  • 1951 – Richard D. Gill, British-Dutch mathematician
  • 1951 – Hugo Porta, Argentine rugby player
  • 1953 – Tommy Shaw, American musician and singer Styx
  • 1953 – Jani Allan, South African journalist and media personality
  • 1956 – Tony Gilroy, American screenwriter and director
  • 1957 – Brad Bird, American director and animator
  • 1957 – Jeff Sluman, American professional golfer
  • 1958 – Scott Patterson, American actor
  • 1958 – Roxann Dawson, American actress
  • 1960 – Anne Ramsay, American actress
  • 1961 – Virginia Madsen, American actress
  • 1961 – Philip Ardagh, British writer
  • 1962 – Elizabeth Daily, American actress
  • 1962 – Filip Dewinter Belgian politician
  • 1962 – Kristy McNichol, American actress
  • 1962 – Julio Salinas, Spanish footballer
  • 1963 – Dr. Patrick McWilliams, Irish author
  • 1963 – Colin Wells, English actor
  • 1964 – Ellis Burks, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Victor Wooten, American musician
  • 1965 – Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria
  • 1965 – Paul Heyman, American wrestling manager
  • 1965 – Moby, American musician
  • 1965 – David Roe, English snooker player
  • 1966 – Princess Akishino, Japanese Imperial Family
  • 1967 – Maria Bartiromo, financial broadcast journalist
  • 1967 – Harry Connick, Jr., American singer
  • 1967 – Tony David, Australian darts player
  • 1968 – Kay Hanley, American musician
  • 1968 – Paul Mayeda Berges, American film writer and director
  • 1969 – Eduardo Perez, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Gidget Gein, American musician
  • 1970 – Chris Garver, tattoo artist
  • 1970 – Taraji P. Henson, American actress and singer
  • 1970 – William Joppy, American boxer
  • 1970 – Ted Leo, American musician
  • 1970 – Laura Wright, American actress
  • 1971 – Richard Ashcroft, British singer
  • 1971 – Markos Moulitsas, American blogger and author
  • 1971 – Johnny Vegas, English comedian
  • 1971 – Shelton Quarles, American football player
  • 1975 – Juan Cobián, former Argentine footballer
  • 1975 – Pierre Issa, South African footballer
  • 1975 – Mark Klepaski, American musician
  • 1976 – Elephant Man, Jamaican musician
  • 1976 – Tomáš Enge, Czech racing driver
  • 1976 – Flora Redoumi, Greek hurdler
  • 1977 – Ludacris, American rapper
  • 1977 – Matthew Stevens, Welsh snooker player
  • 1977 – Jon Buckland, British guitarist (Coldplay)
  • 1978 – Ed Reed, American football player
  • 1978 – Ben Lee, Australian musician and singer
  • 1978 – Dejan Stankovic, Serbian footballer
  • 1979 – Nathan Gale, American murderer (d. 2004)
  • 1979 – Ariana Richards, American actress
  • 1979 – Frank Francisco, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1979 – Steve Hofstetter, comedian & radio personality
  • 1979 – David Pizarro, Chilean footballer
  • 1980 – Mike Comrie, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Antônio Pizzonia, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1981 – Andrea Dossena, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Dylan Klebold, Columbine High School Massacre co-perpetrator (d. 1999)
  • 1982 – Shriya Saran, South Indian actress
  • 1983 – Ike Diogu, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Jacoby Ellsbury, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Shaun Livingston, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Zack Stortini, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Chiliboy Ralepelle, South African rugby player
  • 1986 – Dwayne Jarrett, Wide Receiver for the Carolina Panthers.
  • 1987 – Tyler Hoechlin, American actor

September 11 – Deaths:

  • 1161 – Queen Melisende of Jerusalem (b. 1105)
  • 1185 – Stephanus Hagiochristophorites, Byzantine courtier
  • 1279 – Robert Kilwardby, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. c. 1215)
  • 1298 – Philip of Artois, French soldier (b. 1269)
  • 1349 – Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (b. 1315)
  • 1599 – Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for planned fratricide (b. 1577)
  • 1677 – James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)
  • 1680 – Roger Crab, English Puritan political writer (b. 1621)
  • 1680 – Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (b. 1596)
  • 1721 – Rudolf Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (b. 1665)
  • 1733 – François Couperin, French composer (b. 1668)
  • 1760 – Louis Godin, French astronomer (b. 1704)
  • 1822 – Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Zólkowski, Polish actor (b. 1777)
  • 1823 – David Ricardo, economist (b. 1772)
  • 1843 – Joseph Nicollet, mathematician and explorer (b. 1786)
  • 1851 – Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist (b. 1794)
  • 1865 – Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (b. 1806)
  • 1888 – Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, President of Argentina (b. 1811)
  • 1896 – Francis James Child, American ballad collector (b. 1825)
  • 1911 – Louis Henri Boussenard, French novelist (b. 1847)
  • 1915 – William Sprague IV, America politician (b. 1830)
  • 1915 – William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (b. 1843)
  • 1917 – Georges Guynemer, French aviator (b. 1894)
  • 1921 – Subramanya Bharathy, Tamil poet (b. 1882)
  • 1926 – Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor (b. 1875)
  • 1931 – Salvatore Maranzano, American crime boss (b. 1868)
  • 1932 – Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish pilots (Zwirko b. 1895 Wigura b. 1901)
  • 1939 – Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (b. 1861)
  • 1941 – Christian Rakovsky, Bulgarian-born socialist revolutionary (b. 1873)
  • 1948 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan (b. 1876)
  • 1950 – Jan Smuts, South African soldier and statesman (b. 1870)
  • 1956 – Billy Bishop, Canadian pilot in World War I (b. 1894)
  • 1958 – Robert W. Service, Scottish-born Canadian poet (b. 1874)
  • 1958 – Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician (b. 1889)
  • 1965 – Ralph C. Smedley, Founder of Toastmasters International (b. 1878)
  • 1966 – C. E. Woolman, American airline magnate (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – Tadeusz Zylinski, Polish technician and textilist (b. 1904)
  • 1968 – René Cogny, French General (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev, Soviet politician and leader (b. 1894)
  • 1971 – Bella Darvi, Polish-born French actress (b. 1928)
  • 1972 – Max Fleischer, American animator (b. 1883)
  • 1973 – Salvador Allende, President of Chile (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
  • 1978 – Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (b. 1929)
  • 1978 – Janet Parker, medical photographer (b. c. 1938)
  • 1978 – Ronnie Peterson, Swedish F1 driver (b. 1944)
  • 1984 – Jerry Voorhis, American politician (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – William Alwyn, English composer (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Andrew C. Thornton II, American drug smuggler (b. 1945)
  • 1987 – Lorne Greene, Canadian actor (b. 1915)
  • 1987 – Peter Tosh, Jamaican musician and singer (b. 1944)
  • 1988 – John Sylvester White, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1990 – Myrna Mack, Guatemalan anthropologist (b. 1949)
  • 1991 – Ernst Herbeck, German Poet (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian conductor (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Antoine Izméry, Haitian pro-democracy activist (b. unknown)
  • 1994 – Jessica Tandy, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – William Obanhein, police officer, mentioned in “Alice’s Restaurant” (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Anita Harding, neurologist (b. 1952)
  • 1997 – Camille Henry, National Hockey League player (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Dane Clark, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Gonzalo Rodriguez, Uruguayan auto racing driver (b. 1972)
  • 2001 – Alice Stewart Trillin, American author (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Kim Hunter, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Johnny Unitas, American football player (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Anna Lindh, Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1957)
  • 2003 – John Ritter, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (b. 1949)
  • 2004 – Fred Ebb, American lyricist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – David Mann, U.S. artist (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Chris Schenkel, American sportscaster (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – William Auld, Scottish poet, writer and supporter of Esperanto (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Pat Corley, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Joachim Fest, German journalist and author (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Johannes Bob van Benthem, Dutch lawyer (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Ian Porterfield, Manager of Armenia National Football Club (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Gene Savoy, American author and cleric (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Joe Zawinul, Austrian musician (b. 1932)

September 11 – Holidays:

  • Beheading of John the Baptist in the Eastern Orthodox tradition (Julian Calendar).
  • Feast of Neyrouz, the New Year’s Day in the Coptic calendar.
  • New Year’s Day in the Ethiopian calendar (Enkutatash).
  • Catalonia – National Day.
  • Latin America Teacher’s Day, after the death of Argentine Domingo F. Sarmiento.
  • Death anniversary of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan.
  • Patriot Day (USA) – Anniversary of the September 11 attacks.
  • National Day of Catalonia, remembering those Catalan patriots who died in the Siege of Barcelona, in defense of the city, against the Franco-Spanish army.

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On This Day in History September 10

September 10 – Events:

  • 506 – The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
  • 1419 – John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy is assassinated by adherents of the Dauphin, the future Charles VII of France.
  • 1608 – John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, Virginia.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale volunteers to spy.
  • 1798 – At the Battle of St. George’s Caye, British Honduras defeats Spain.
  • 1813 – The U.S. defeats the British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.
  • 1823 – Simón Bolívar is named President of Peru.
  • 1846 – Elias Howe gets a patent for the sewing machine.
  • 1858 – George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.
  • 1897 – Lattimer Massacre – a sheriff’s posse kills twenty unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • 1898 – Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.
  • 1919 – Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
  • 1927 – France had its first Davis Cup win, though it had competed since 1905.
  • 1932 – The New York City Subway’s third competing subway system, the municipally-owned IND, is opened.
  • 1939 – World War II: The submarine HMAS Oxley is mistakenly sunk by the submarine HMS Triton near Norway and becomes the Royal Navy’s first loss.
  • 1939 – Canada declares war on Nazi Germany, joining France, the UK, New Zealand and Australia in the Allies.
  • 1942 – World War II: The British carry out an amphibious landing on Madagascar to re-launch Allied offensive operations in the Madagascar Campaign.
  • 1943 – World War II: German forces begin their occupation of Rome.
  • 1951 – United Kingdom began an economic boycott of Iran.
  • 1961 – Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators hit by his Ferrari.
  • 1963 – 20 African-American students enter public schools in Alabama.
  • 1967 – The people of Gibraltar vote to remain a British dependency rather than becoming part of Spain.
  • 1972 – The United States loses its first international basketball game in a disputed match against the Soviet Union at Munich, Germany.
  • 1974 – Guinea-Bissau gains independence from Portugal.
  • 1976 – A British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex-Adria DC-9 collide near Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 176.
  • 1977 – Last execution by Guillotine in France. Hamida Djandoubi, convicted for torture and murder.
  • 1990 – The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire – the largest church in Africa is consecrated by Pope John Paul II.
  • 2002 – Switzerland, noted as a neutral country, joins the United Nations.
  • 2007 – Former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif returns to Pakistan after seven years in exile, following a military coup in October 1999.
  • 2007 – The Premier of the Australian state of Queensland, Peter Beattie, announced he would resign from the top job on September 13.

September 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1169 – Alexius II Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1183)
  • 1487 – Pope Julius III (d. 1555)
  • 1550 – Alonso de Guzmán El Bueno, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, commander of the Spanish Armada (d. 1615)
  • 1561 – Hernando Arias de Saavedra, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1634)
  • 1588 – Nicholas Lanier, English composer (d. 1666)
  • 1624 – Thomas Sydenham, English physician (d. 1689)
  • 1638 – Maria Theresa of Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France (d. 1683)
  • 1659 – Henry Purcell, English composer (d. 1695)
  • 1714 – Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (d. 1774)
  • 1758 – Hannah Webster Foster, American author (d. 1840)
  • 1786 – Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (d. 1854)
  • 1786 – William Mason, American politician (d. 1860)
  • 1788 – Jacques Boucher de Crèvecoeur de Perthes, French archaeologist (d. 1868)
  • 1801 – Marie Laveau, American Voodoo Practitioner (d. 1881)
  • 1836 – Joseph Wheeler, American General (d. 1906)
  • 1839 – Isaac Kauffman Funk, American publisher (d. 1912)
  • 1839 – Charles Peirce, American philosopher (d. 1914)
  • 1844 – Abel Hoadley, Australian confectioner (d. 1918)
  • 1852 – Alice Brown Davis, Seminole chief (d. 1935)
  • 1861 – Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (d. 1941)
  • 1866 – Jeppe Aakjær, Danish writer (d. 1930)
  • 1871 – Charles Collett, GWR Chief mechanical engineer (d. 1952)
  • 1886 – Hilda Doolittle, American poet and novelist (d. 1961)
  • 1890 – Elsa Schiaparelli, French couturiere (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist (d. 1945)
  • 1892 – Arthur Compton, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Kavi Samrat Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Telugu writer (d. 1976).
  • 1896 – Ye Ting, Chinese military leader (d. 1946)
  • 1896 – Adele Astaire, American dancer and entertainer (d. 1981)
  • 1896 – Robert Taschereau, Canadian Governor General and chief justice (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Hilde Hildebrand, German actress (d. 1976)
  • 1898 – Bessie Love, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1898 – Waldo Semon, American inventor (d. 1999)
  • 1904 – Max Shachtman, American Trotskyist politician (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Alva R. Fitch, United States Army Lt. General (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Waldo Wedel, American Archaeologist(d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Robert Wise, American film director (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Edmond O’Brien, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1917 – Miguel Serrano, Chilean author and diplomat
  • 1918 – Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog (d. 1932)
  • 1920 – Fabio Taglioni, Italian motorcycle engineer (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Yma Súmac, Peruvian singer
  • 1924 – Ted Kluszewski, Major League baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1928 – Jean Vanier, Canadian disabilities advocate
  • 1929 – Arnold Palmer, American golfer
  • 1931 – Philip Baker Hall, American actor
  • 1932 – Bo Goldman, American screenwriter
  • 1933 – Yevgeny Khrunov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Charles Kuralt, American journalist (d. 1997)
  • 1934 – Roger Maris, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • 1937 – Jared Diamond, American biologist and author
  • 1938 – Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer
  • 1941 – Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist (d. 2002)
  • 1941 – Christopher Hogwood, English conductor
  • 1941 – Gunpei Yokoi, Japanese inventor and video game designer (d. 1997)
  • 1942 – Danny Hutton, American singer (Three Dog Night)
  • 1943 – Eldridge Coleman (“Superstar” Billy Graham), American professional wrestler
  • 1943 – Daniel Truhitte, American actor
  • 1943 – Neale Donald Walsch, American author
  • 1944 – Sir Thomas Allen, English baritone
  • 1945 – Jose Feliciano, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1946 – Jim Hines, American athlete
  • 1946 – Don Powell, English drummer (Slade)
  • 1946 – Michèle Alliot-Marie, French politician
  • 1948 – Tony Gatlif, Algerian-born director
  • 1948 – Judy Geeson, English actress
  • 1948 – Bob Lanier, American basketball player
  • 1948 – Margaret Trudeau, former wife of Pierre Trudeau
  • 1948 – Zhang Chengzhi, Chinese writer
  • 1949 – Don Muraco, professional wrestler
  • 1949 – Bill O’Reilly, American journalist and commentator
  • 1950 – Joe Perry, American musician (Aerosmith)
  • 1952 – Vic Toews, Canadian politician
  • 1953 – Amy Irving, American actress
  • 1956 – Johnny Hickman, American musician (Cracker)
  • 1957 – Carol Decker, UK singer T’Pau
  • 1957 – Kate Burton, Swiss actress
  • 1958 – Chris Columbus, American film director
  • 1958 – Siobhan Fahey, Irish singer (Bananarama and Shakespear’s Sister)
  • 1959 – Peter Nelson, American actor
  • 1960 – Colin Firth, English actor
  • 1960 – David Lowery, American musician (Cracker)
  • 1963 – Randy Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Bill Stevenson, American music producer and musician
  • 1965 – Robin Goodridge, English rock drummer (Bush)
  • 1966 – Joe Nieuwendyk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Big Daddy Kane, American rapper
  • 1968 – Guy Ritchie, British film director
  • 1969 – Jonathon Schaech, American actor
  • 1970 – Paula Kelley, musician
  • 1972 – Ghada Shouaa, Syrian athlete
  • 1972 – James Duval, American actor
  • 1972 – Bente Skari, Norwegian cross country skier
  • 1973 – Ferdinand Coly, Senegalese footballer
  • 1974 – Ryan Phillippe, American actor
  • 1974 – Mirko Filipovic, Croatian martial artist
  • 1974 – Ben Wallace, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Jonathan Hoenig, American investment advisor
  • 1975 – Sammy Knight, American football player
  • 1976 – Gustavo Kuerten, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1976 – Federico Gasperoni, San Marinese football player
  • 1977 – Danys Báez, Cuban baseball player
  • 1978 – Nish Selvadurai, Australian comedian
  • 1980 – Mikey Way, American bassist (My Chemical Romance)
  • 1980 – Roger Mason, Jr., American basketball player
  • 1981 – Tracy Ip, Miss Hong Kong 2005
  • 1982 – Travis Rice, American snowboarder
  • 1982 – Staffan Kronwall, Swedish hockey player
  • 1982 – Guillermo Israilevich, Argentinian-Israeli footballer
  • 1983 – Fernando Belluschi, Argentinian footballer
  • 1985 – James B Graham, English rugby player
  • 1986 – Ed Minton, musician (Elliot Minor)
  • 1988 – Jordan Staal, Canadian hockey player
  • 1989 – Sanjaya Malakar, American Idol contestant

September 10 – Deaths:

  • 210 BC – Qin Shi Huang, first emperor of China.
  • 918 – Count Baldwin II of Flanders (b. 865)
  • 954 – King Louis IV of France (b. 920)
  • 1167 – Empress Matilda, wife of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1102)
  • 1197 – Henry II of Champagne (b. 1166)
  • 1217 – William de Reviers, 5th Earl of Devon
  • 1308 – Emperor Go-Nijo of Japan (b. 1285)
  • 1419 – John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (assassinated) (b. 1371)
  • 1482 – Federico da Montefeltro, Italian Renaissance condottiero and patron of arts
  • 1519 – John Colet, English churchman and educator
  • 1559 – Anthony Denny, confidant of King Henry VIII of England (b. 1501)
  • 1591 – Richard Grenville, English soldier and explorer (b. 1542)
  • 1604 – William Morgan, Welsh Bible translator (b. 1545)
  • 1607 – Luzzasco Luzzaschi, Italian composer and organist (b. 1545)
  • 1669 – Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England (b. 1609)
  • 1676 – Gerrard Winstanley, English religious reformer (b. 1609)
  • 1680 – Baldassare Ferri, Italian castrato (b. 1610)
  • 1749 – Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1706)
  • 1759 – Ferdinand Konšcak, Croatian explorer (b. 1703)
  • 1797 – Mary Wollstonecraft, English author (b. 1759)
  • 1801 – Jason Fairbanks, American murderer (b. 1780)
  • 1851 – Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American educator (b. 1787)
  • 1867 – Simon Sechter, Austrian composer (b. 1788)
  • 1898 – Elisabeth of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1837)
  • 1905 – Pete Browning, American baseball player (b. 1861)
  • 1915 – Charles Boucher de Boucherville, Premier of Quebec (b. 1822)
  • 1931 – Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
  • 1935 – Huey Long, American politician (b. 1893)
  • 1937 – Sergei Tretyakov, Russian writer (b. 1892)
  • 1948 – King Ferdinand of Bulgaria (b. 1861)
  • 1952 – Youssef Aftimus, Lebanese civil engineer and architect (b. 1866)
  • 1961 – Leo Carrillo, American actor (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Wolfgang von Trips, German racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1965 – Father Divine, American religious leader (b. 1880)
  • 1966 – Emil Gumbel, German mathematician and pacifist (b. 1891)
  • 1971 – Pier Angeli, Italian actress (b. 1932)
  • 1975 – George Paget Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Dalton Trumbo, American writer (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Ronnie Peterson, Swedish Formula One driver (b. 1944)
  • 1979 – Agostinho Neto, Angolan politician (b. 1922)
  • 1983 – Felix Bloch, Swiss-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1983 – John Vorster, Prime Minister of South Africa (b. 1915)
  • 1985 – Jock Stein, Scottish football player and manager (b. 1922)
  • 1991 – Jack Crawford, Australian tennis player (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Charles Denner, French actor (b. 1926)
  • 1996 – Joanne Dru, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1996 – Hans List, Austrian scientist and inventor (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – Jack Adkisson, professional wrestler (b. 1929)
  • 1998 – Carl Forgione, British actor (b. 1944)
  • 1999 – Alfredo Kraus, Spanish tenor (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah, Pakistani journalist and writer. (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – DJ Uncle Al (b.1969)
  • 2004 – Brock Adams, American politician (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown, American guitarist and singer (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Patty Berg, American female golf player (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV of Tonga (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Daniel Wayne Smith, son of Playboy model Anna Nicole Smith (b. 1986)
  • 2007 – Jane Wyman, American actress (b.1917)
  • 2007 – Anita Roddick, British Businesswoman (b.1942)
  • 2007 – Ted Stepien, former owner of the NBA’s Cleveland Cavaliers (b. 1925)

September 10 – Holidays:

  • Gibraltar – National Day.
  • Teacher’s Day in China.

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On This Day in History September 9

September 9 – Events:

  • 1000 – Battle of Svolder, Viking Age.
  • 1379 – Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
  • 1493 – Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
  • 1513 – James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland’s involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.
  • 1543 – Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is officially crowned “Queen of Scots” in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
  • 1739 – Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britains mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1776 – The Continental Congress officially names their new union of sovereign states the United States.
  • 1839 – John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
  • 1850 – California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.
  • 1850 – The Compromise of 1850 strips Texas of a third of its claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas’s pre-annexation debt.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • 1886 – The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized.
  • 1914 – World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
  • 1922 – Greek-Turkish war has ended with Turkish victory over the Greeks.
  • 1923 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People’s Party (CHP).
  • 1924 – Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • 1926 – The U.S. National Broadcasting Company formed.
  • 1942 – World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established.
  • 1945 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan formally surrenders to China.
  • 1947 – First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
  • 1948 – The Republic Day of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
  • 1965 – The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
  • 1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion in damages, becoming the first hurricane to top $1 billion in unadjusted damages.
  • 1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • 1969 – Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collided in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashed near Fairland, Indiana.
  • 1970 – A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and flown to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
  • 1971 – Attica Prison riots.
  • 1991 – Tajikstan gains independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
  • 1994 – Sachin Tendulkar scores his first ODI century against Australia in Sri Lanka.
  • 1999 – Playstation released in U.S.
  • 2001 – Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan.
  • 2004 – 2004 Australian embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.
  • 2007 – Wikipedia’s 2,000,000th article in the English language version.
  • 2007 – The Indy Pro Series race at Chicagoland Speedway records the closest finish in racing history, with Logan Gomez holding off his teammate Alex Lloyd by 0.0005 of a second, or 1.65 inches.

September 9 – Birthdays:

  • 214 – Aurelian, Roman Emperor (d. 275)
  • 384 – Flavius Honorius, Roman Emperor (d. 423)
  • 1349 – Duke Albert III of Austria (d. 1395)
  • 1427 – Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros, English politician (d. 1464)
  • 1466 – Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (d. 1523)
  • 1558 – Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (d. 1602)
  • 1585 – Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu, French statesman (d. 1642)
  • 1629 – Cornelis Tromp, Dutch admiral (d. 1691)
  • 1700 – Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
  • 1711 – Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (d. 1780)
  • 1731 – Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican writer (d. 1787)
  • 1737 – Luigi Galvani, Italian physician and physicist (d. 1798)
  • 1754 – William Bligh, British naval officer (d. 1817)
  • 1755 – Benjamin Bourne, American politician (d. 1808)
  • 1828 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (d. 1910)
  • 1834 – Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (d. 1903)
  • 1853 – Fred Spofforth, Australian cricketer (d. 1926)
  • 1855 – Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil exploration pioneer (d. 1921)
  • 1868 – Mary Hunter Austin, American writer (d. 1934)
  • 1873 – Max Reinhardt, German film director and actor (d. 1943)
  • 1877 – Frank Chance, American baseball player (d. 1924)
  • 1878 – Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
  • 1887 – Alf Landon, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1882 – Clem McCarthy, American sportscaster (d. 1962)
  • 1890 – Harland Sanders, American fast-food entrepreneur (d. 1980)
  • 1892 – Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-born American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1894 – Arthur Freed, American songwriter and film producer (d. 1973)
  • 1894 – Bert Oldfield, Australian cricketer (d. 1976)
  • 1898 – Frankie Frisch, American baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Waite Hoyt, American baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Neil Hamilton, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1900 – James Hilton, English novelist (d. 1954)
  • 1899 – Bruno E. Jacob, Founder of the National Forensics League (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Phyllis Whitney, American writer
  • 1904 – Feroze Khan, Pakistani field hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1905 – Hussain Sha – Indian Saint, Philosopher ,Pithapuram
  • 1908 – Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (d. 1950)
  • 1911 – John Gorton, Australian politician (d. 2002)
  • 1911 – Paul Goodman, American poet and writer (d. 1972)
  • 1919 – Jimmy “the Greek” Snyder, American bookmaker and sports commentator (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Gottfried Dienst, German football referee
  • 1920 – Aldo Parisot, American cellist and teacher
  • 1920 – Robert Wood Johnson III, American philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • 1920 – Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician (d. 1993)
  • 1922 – Hans Georg Dehmelt, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1922 – Manolis Glezos, Greek politician and writer
  • 1922 – Hoyt Curtin, American songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1924 – Jane Greer, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Rik Van Steenbergen, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Cliff Robertson, American actor
  • 1926 – Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
  • 1927 – Elvin Jones, American jazz drummer (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Claude Nougaro, French singer (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Frank Lucas, Drug Lord
  • 1932 – Sylvia Miles, American actress
  • 1935 – Chaim Topol, Israeli actor
  • 1935 – Gopal Baratham, Singaporean author
  • 1939 – Bruce Gray, Puerto Rican actor
  • 1939 – Ron McDole, American football player
  • 1939 – Carlos Ortiz, Puerto Rican boxer
  • 1941 – Otis Redding, American singer and songwriter (d. 1967)
  • 1941 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist
  • 1942 – Inez Foxx, American R&B singer
  • 1943 – Art LaFleur, American actor
  • 1945 – Dee Dee Sharp, American R&B singer
  • 1946 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician (Buffalo Springfield) (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Doug Ingle, Vocalist
  • 1947 – David Rosenboom, American composer
  • 1949 – Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian politician
  • 1949 – Garry Maddox, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Joe Theismann, American football player and commentator
  • 1951 – Alexander Downer, Australian politician
  • 1951 – Tom Wopat, American actor and singer
  • 1952 – Angela Cartwright, actress
  • 1952 – Manuel Göttsching, German musician (Ash Ra Tempel)
  • 1952 – David A. Stewart, English musician (Eurythmics)
  • 1954 – Jeffrey Combs, American actor
  • 1955 – John Kricfalusi, Canadian animator
  • 1957 – Pierre-Laurent Aimard, French pianist
  • 1957 – Gabriele Tredozi, Italian engineer
  • 1959 – Eric Serra, French composer
  • 1960 – Hugh Grant, English actor
  • 1960 – Mario Batali, American chef and restaurateur
  • 1960 – Bob Stoops, American football coach
  • 1965 – Dan Majerle, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Georg Hackl, German luger
  • 1966 – Adam Sandler, American actor and comedian
  • 1967 – Akshay Kumar, Indian Actor
  • 1967 – Anna Malle, American porn star (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Chris Caffery, American guitarist and singer
  • 1968 – Francois Botha, South African boxer
  • 1968 – Jon Drummond, American former sprinter
  • 1968 – Julia Sawalha, English actress
  • 1969 – Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model and actress
  • 1969 – Constance Marie, American actress
  • 1970 – Natalia Streignard, Venezuelan actress
  • 1971 – Henry Thomas, American actor and musician
  • 1972 – James Farmer, American educator and artist
  • 1972 – Mike Hampton, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Natasha Kaplinsky, British newsreader
  • 1972 – Félix Rodríguez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1972 – Goran Višnjic, Croatian actor
  • 1973 – Mark Parry, Welsh guitarist (The Manvils)
  • 1973 – Kazuhisa Ishii, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974 – Shane Crawford, Australian rules footballer
  • 1974 – Mathias Färm, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)
  • 1974 – Vikram Batra, Officer of the Indian Army
  • 1975 – Michael Bublé, Canadian singer and actor
  • 1976 – Chace Ambrose, American actor and writer
  • 1976 – Kristoffer Rygg, Norwegian musician (Ulver, ex-Borknagar)
  • 1976 – Juan A. Baptista, Venezuelan actor
  • 1976 – Aki Riihilahti, Finnish footballer
  • 1977 – Chae Jung-an, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977 – Soulja Slim, American rapper (d. 2003)
  • 1977 – Kyle Snyder, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1978 – Kurt Ainsworth, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1978 – Shane Battier, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Mariano Puerta, Argentine tennis player
  • 1979 – Nikki DeLoach, American actress and singer
  • 1980 – Todd Coffey, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Michelle Williams, American actress
  • 1981 – Julie Gonzalo, Argentinian actress
  • 1982 – Ai Otsuka, Japanese singer and songwriter
  • 1983 – Kyle Davies, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Edwin Jackson, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1983 – Sam Hollenbach, National Football League quarterback
  • 1983 – Cleveland Taylor, International footballer
  • 1984 – Delta Goodrem, Australian singer, actress
  • 1985 – J.R. Smith, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Luka Modric, Croatian footballer
  • 1986 – Justice Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1987 – Alexandre Song, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1990 – Melody Klaver, Dutch actress

September 9 – Deaths:

  • 546 – St. Ciarán of Clonmacnoise, Irish bishop
  • 701 – Pope Sergius I
  • 1000 – Olaf I of Norway
  • 1087 – King William I of England
  • 1398 – King James I of Cyprus (b. 1334)
  • 1487 – Chenghua, Emperor of China (b. 1447)
  • 1488 – Francis II, Duke of Brittany (fell from a horse) (b. 1433)
  • 1513 – King James IV of Scotland (b. 1473)
  • 1569 – Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Flemish painter
  • 1596 – Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
  • 1612 – Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese warlord (b. 1570)
  • 1676 – Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, French army officer and founder of Montreal (b. 1612)
  • 1680 – Henry Marten, English regicide (b. 1602)
  • 1755 – Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian (b. 1694)
  • 1806 – William Paterson, Signer of the U.S. Constitution, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1745)
  • 1815 – John Singleton Copley, American painter (b. 1738)
  • 1841 – A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (b. 1778)
  • 1891 – Jules Grévy, President of France (b. 1813)
  • 1898 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
  • 1901 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (b. 1864)
  • 1907 – Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (b. 1840)
  • 1909 – Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad entrepreneur (b. 1848)
  • 1915 – Albert Spalding, American baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer (b. 1850)
  • 1941 – Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1869)
  • 1960 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1976 – Mao Zedong, Leader of China (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Jack Warner, Canadian-born film studio founder (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – John Howard Griffin, American writer (b. 1920)
  • 1981 – Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Doc Cramer, American baseball player (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Samuel Doe, President of Liberia (b. 1951)
  • 1994 – Patrick O’Neal, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Bill Monroe, American bluegrass singer and composer (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Richie Ashburn, American baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Burgess Meredith, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Bill Cratty, American modern dancer and choreographer (b. 1951)
  • 1999 – Jim “Catfish” Hunter, American baseball player (b. 1946)
  • 1999 – Ruth Roman, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Julian Critchley, British politician (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Ahmed Shah Massoud, Afghani military leader (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Larry Hovis, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-born physicist (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Roland Sherwood “Ernie” Ball, American businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – John Wayne Glover, English serial killer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Gérard Brach, French screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Richard Burmer, American composer, sound designer and electronic musician (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Matt Gadsby, English footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Hughie Thomasson, Noted American musician (b. 1952)

September 9-Holidays

  • Japan – Chrysanthemum Day (Kiku no Sekku).
  • North Korea – Republic Day (1948).
  • Tajikistan – Independence Day (from USSR, 1991).
  • California – Admission Day (to commemorate the state’s admission to the USA).

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