On This Day in History August 5

August 5 – Events:

  • 642 – Battle of Maserfeld – Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Bernicia.
  • 910 – The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred.
  • 1100 – Henry I crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1305 – William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
  • 1388 – Battle of Otterburn, border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England.
  • 1583 – Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes first English colony in North America, at what is now St John’s, Newfoundland.
  • 1620 – The Mayflower departs Southampton, England.
  • 1689 – 1,500 Iroquois attack village of Lachine, in New France.
  • 1716 – Battle of Petrovaradin
  • 1735 – Freedom of the press: New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he published was true.
  • 1763 – Pontiac’s War: Battle of Bushy Run – British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac’s Indians at Bushy Run.
  • 1772 – The First Partition of Poland begins.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: Tecumseh’s Indian force ambushes Thomas Van Horne’s 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.
  • 1858 – Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. It operated for less than a month.
  • 1860 – Carl IV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: In order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government issues the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US $800; rescinded in 1872).
  • 1861 – The United States Army abolished flogging.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Baton Rouge – Along the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Confederate troops drive Union forces back into the city.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Mobile Bay begins – At Mobile Bay near Mobile, Alabama, Admiral David Farragut leads a Union flotilla through Confederate defenses and seals one of the last major Southern ports.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Spicheren is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.
  • 1874 – Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
  • 1882 – Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
  • 1882 – Martial law is enacted in Japan.
  • 1884 – The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor.
  • 1888 – Bertha Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim in the first long distance automobile trip.
  • 1901 – Peter O’Connor sets the first IAAF recognized long jump world record of 24feet 11¾ inches. The record will stand for 20 years.
  • 1912 – Japan’s first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo.
  • 1914 – In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.
  • 1925 – Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language, which is in danger of dying out.
  • 1940 – World War II : Latvia is annexed by the Soviet Union.
  • 1943 – World War II: During the Battle of Troina, at around 11 A.M, Mount Etna erupted sending much ash and lava miles into the sky.
  • 1944 – World War II: Possibly the biggest prison breakout in history occurs as 545 Japanese POWs attempt to escape outside the town of Cowra, NSW, Australia.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners.
  • 1949 – In Ecuador an earthquake destroys 50 towns and kills more than 6,000.
  • 1957 – American Bandstand, a show dedicated to the teenage “baby-boomers” by playing the songs and showing popular dances of the time, debuts on the ABC television network.
  • 1960 – Burkina Faso, then known as “Upper Volta”, becomes independent from France.
  • 1962 – Nelson Mandela is jailed. He would not be released until 1990.
  • 1963 – United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow – American aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS
  • Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes attacked US destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
  • 1969 – Mariner program: Mariner 7 makes its closest fly-by of Mars (3,524 kilometers).
  • 1974 – Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress places a $1 billion dollar limit on military aid to South Vietnam.
  • 1979 – In Afghanistan, Maoists undertake an attempted military uprising.
  • 1981 – Ronald Reagan fires 11,359 striking air-traffic controllers who ignored his order for them to return to work.
  • 1989 – General elections are held in Nicaragua, Sandinista Front wins the majority.
  • 1995 – The city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated as the day of victory (Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day) in Croatia.
  • 2003 – A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.

August 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1301 – Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (d. 1330)
  • 1397 – Guillaume Dufay, Franco-Flemish composer and theorist (d. 1474)
  • 1461 – Alexander Jagiellon, Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1506)
  • 1623 – Antonio Cesti, Italian composer (d. 1669)
  • 1641 – John Hathorne, American magistrate (d. 1717)
  • 1662 – James Anderson, Scottish historian (d. 1728)
  • 1694 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (d. 1744)
  • 1802 – Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1829)
  • 1811 – Ambroise Thomas, French opera composer (d. 1896)
  • 1813 – Ivar Aasen, Norwegian poet and language reformer (d. 1896)
  • 1815 – Edward John Eyre, English explorer (d. 1901)
  • 1827 – Deodoro da Fonseca, first President of Brazil (d.1892)
  • 1828 – Louise of the Netherlands, queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1871)
  • 1833 – Carola of Vasa, Queen consort of Saxony (d. 1907)
  • 1850 – Guy de Maupassant, French author (d. 1893)
  • 1862 – Joseph Merrick, the “Elephant Man” (d. 1890)
  • 1866 – Carl Harries, German chemist (d. 1923)
  • 1866 – Harry Trott, Australian cricketer (d. 1917)
  • 1872 – Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (d. 1917)
  • 1877 – Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (d. 1917)
  • 1887 – Reginald Owen, English actor (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Victor Francen, Belgian-born actor (d. 1977)
  • 1889 – Conrad Aiken, American writer (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Erich Kleiber, Austrian-born conductor (d. 1956)
  • 1890 – Naum Gabo, sculptor (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (d. 1972)
  • 1901 – Claude Autant-Lara, French film director (d. 2000)
  • 1906 – John Huston, American director (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Wassily Leontief, Russian economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1906 – Joan Hickson, English actress (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Harold Holt, 17th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Bruno Coquatrix, French songwriter and music impresario (d. 1979)
  • 1911 – Robert Taylor, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1912 – Abbé Pierre, French Catholic priest (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – David Brian, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1918 – Tom Drake, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Betty Oliphant, Canadian ballerina (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Devan Nair, President of Singapore
  • 1930 – Neil Armstrong, American astronaut
  • 1930 – Michal Kovác, President of Slovakia
  • 1934 – Wendell Berry, American poet, writer and farmer
  • 1935 – John Saxon, American actor
  • 1937 – Herb Brooks, American ice hockey coach (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Princess Irene of the Netherlands
  • 1941 – Bob Clark, American film director (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – Nelson Briles, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Sammi Smith, American country singer and songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Loni Anderson, American actress
  • 1946 – Ron Silliman, American poet
  • 1946 – Erika Slezak, American actress
  • 1947 – Angry Anderson, Australian entertainer
  • 1947 – Bernie Carbo, American baseball player
  • 1947 – Rick Derringer, American musician
  • 1948 – Carole Laure, French Canadian actress
  • 1948 – Ray Clemence, English footballer
  • 1951 – John Jarratt, Australian actor
  • 1953 – Rick Mahler, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1953 – Samantha Sang, Australian singer
  • 1956 – Jerry Ciccoritti, Canadian film director
  • 1956 – Fred Ottman, American wrestler
  • 1956 – Maureen McCormick, American actress
  • 1957 – Faith Prince, American actress
  • 1959 – Pete Burns, English singer (Dead or Alive)
  • 1960 – Seth Swirsky, American songwriter
  • 1961 – Tawny Kitaen, American actress
  • 1961 – Mark O’Connor, American violinist
  • 1961 – Clayton Rohner, American actor
  • 1962 – Patrick Ewing, American basketball player
  • 1964 – Adam Yauch (MCA), American musician (Beastie Boys)
  • 1965 – Motoi Sakuraba, Japanese composer
  • 1966 – Jonathan Silverman, American actor
  • 1968 – Terri Clark, Canadian country singer
  • 1968 – Funkmaster Flex, American hip hop DJ
  • 1968 – Tokimitsu Ishizawa, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Oleg Luzhny, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1968 – Colin McRae, Scottish rally driver (d. 2007)
  • 1968 – John Olerud, American baseball player
  • 1970 – James Gunn, American filmmaker
  • 1971 – Evil Jared Hasselhoff, American bassist (The Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1972 – Christian Olde Wolbers, Belgian bassist (Fear Factory)
  • 1974 – Alvin Ceccoli, Australian soccer player
  • 1974 – Antoine Sibierski, French footballer
  • 1975 – Antony Cotton, English actor
  • 1975 – Ami Foster, American actress
  • 1975 – Kajol Mukherjee, Indian actress
  • 1976 – Jeff Friesen, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Kwon Sang-woo, South Korean actor
  • 1976 – Marian Pahars, Latvian footballer
  • 1977 – Eric Hinske, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Mark Mulder, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kim Gevaert, Belgian sprinter
  • 1978 – Nektaria Karantzi, Greek singer
  • 1979 – David Healy, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Kaylani Lei, Asian-American porn star
  • 1980 – Wayne Bridge, English footballer
  • 1980 – Jason Culina, Australian soccer player
  • 1980 – Ali Umar, Maldivian footballer
  • 1981 – Carl Crawford, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Rachel Scott, American murder victim (d. 1999)
  • 1981 – Ko Shibasaki, Japanese singer
  • 1981 – Erik Guay, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1981 – Cory Williams, American internet celebrity
  • 1982 – LoLo Jones, American track and field athlete
  • 1982 – Ryu Seung Min, Korean table tennis player
  • 1982 – Tobias Regner, German singer
  • 1983 – Dawn Richard, American singer (Danity Kane)
  • 1985 – Salomon Kalou, Ivorian footballer
  • 1985 – Laurent Ciman, Belgian footballer
  • 1986 – Paula Creamer, American golfer
  • 1987 – Genelia D’Souza, Indian actress
  • 1987 – Xenia Tchoumitcheva, Russian-born Swiss model
  • 1993 – Corey J. Smith, English television actor
  • 1993 – Suzuka Ogo, Japanese actress
  • 2000 – Maya Bond, Japanese-born American singer and musician

August 5 – Deaths:

  • 882 – King Louis III of France (b. 863)
  • 1063 – Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd
  • 1364 – Emperor Kogon of Japan (b. 1313)
  • 1572 – Isaac Luria, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1534)
  • 1579 – Stanislaus Hosius, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1504)
  • 1610 – Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile
  • 1633 – Archbishop George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1562)
  • 1678 – Juan García de Zéspedes, Mexican musician and composer (b. 1619)
  • 1743 – John Hervey, Lord Hervey, English statesman and writer (b. 1696)
  • 1778 – Charles Clémencet, French historian (b. 1703)
  • 1792 – Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1732)
  • 1799 – Richard Howe, British admiral (b. 1726)
  • 1868 – Jacques Boucher de Crèvecoeur de Perthes, French archaeologist (b. 1788)
  • 1880 – Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
  • 1895 – Friedrich Engels, German philosopher (b. 1820)
  • 1911 – Bob Caruthers, baseball player (b. 1864)
  • 1923 – Vatroslav Jagic, Croatian slavist (b. 1835)
  • 1925 – Jennie Lee (actor), American actress (b. 1848)
  • 1929 – Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist and feminist (b. 1847)
  • 1946 – Wilhelm Marx, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1863)
  • 1952 – Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (b. 1917)
  • 1955 – Carmen Miranda, Portuguese actress and singer (b. 1909)
  • 1957 – Heinrich Otto Wieland, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1959 – Edgar Guest, English poet (b. 1881)
  • 1960 – Arthur Meighen, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
  • 1962 – Marilyn Monroe, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 1963 – Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer (b. 1898)
  • 1964 – Art Ross, professional ice hockey player and executive (b. 1886) (Art Ross Trophy)
  • 1972 – Harry Hylton-Foster, Speaker of the British House of Commons (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Jesse Haines, baseball player (b. 1893)
  • 1984 – Richard Burton, British actor (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Paul Brown, American football coach (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Soichiro Honda, founder of the Honda Motor Company (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Jeff Porcaro, American drummer (b. 1954)
  • 1994 – Alain de Changy, Belgian racing driver (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Otto Kretschmer, German U-boat commander (b. 1912)
  • 1998 – Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian Communist dictator from 1956 to 1989 (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Sir Alec Guinness, British actor (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Otto Buchsbaum, writer and ecological activist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Josh Ryan Evans, American actor (b. 1982)
  • 2002 – Chick Hearn, American basketball announcer (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Franco Lucentini, Italian writer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Polina Astakhova, Russian gymnast (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Jim O’Hora, American football coach (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Raul Roco, Philippine senator (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Susan Butcher, American Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race champion (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Florian Pittis, Romanian artist (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Jean-Marie Lustiger, Cardinal of France

August 5 – Holidays:

  • Burkina Faso – Independence Day.
  • Croatia – Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day.
  • Chile – Children’s Day

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 4

August 4 – Events:

  • 70 – The destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans.
  • 1265 – Second Barons’ War: Battle of Evesham – The army of Prince Edward (future Edward I of England) defeated the forces of rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester; killing de Montfort and many of his allies. (This is sometimes considered the end of the age of chivalry in England.)
  • 1578 – Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir – Moroccans defeat Portuguese. King Sebastian of Portugal is defeated and killed in North Africa, leaving his elderly uncle, Cardinal Henry, as his heir. This initiates a succession crisis in Portugal.
  • 1693 – Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Perignon’s invention of Champagne.
  • 1704 – War of the Spanish Succession: Gibraltar captured by English and Dutch fleet, commanded by Admiral Sir George Rooke and allied with Archduke Charles.
  • 1789 – In France members of the National Constituent Assembly take an oath to end feudalism and abandon their privileges.
  • 1790 – A newly passed tariff act creates the Revenue Cutter Service (the forerunner of the United States Coast Guard).
  • 1821 – Atkinson & Alexander publish the Saturday Evening Post for the first time as a weekly newspaper.
  • 1824 – Battle of Kos fought between Turks and Greeks.
  • 1854 – The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
  • 1873 – Indian Wars: While protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clash for the first time with the Sioux (near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed).
  • 1892 – The family of Lizzie Borden is found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home.
  • 1902 – Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opens.
  • 1906 – Central Railway Station, Sydney opens.
  • 1914 – World War I: Germany invades Belgium; in response, the United Kingdom declares war on Germany. The United States proclaims neutrality.
  • 1916 – World War I: Liberia declares war on Germany.
  • 1924 – The diplomatic relations between Mexico and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1936 – Greek General Ioannis Metaxas, leader of the 4th of August Regime, suspends parliament and the Constitution and declares himself dictator.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse where they find Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family.
  • 1947 – The Supreme Court of Japan is established.
  • 1954 – Government of Pakistan approves the National Anthem, written by Hafeez Jullundhry and composed by Ahmed G. Chagla.
  • 1964 – American civil rights movement: Civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney are found dead in Mississippi after disappearing on June 21.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: United States destroyers USS Maddox and USS C. Turner Joy report coming attack in the Gulf of Tonkin. The destroyers open fire at what they believed were Vietnam People’s Army torpedo boats, although subsequent work has raised doubts the targets were real. This engagement became known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: At the apartment of French intermediary Jean Sainteny in Paris, US representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese representative Xuan Thuy begin secret peace negotiations. The negotiations will eventually fail.
  • 1975 – The Japanese Red Army takes more than 50 hostages at the AIA Building housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The hostages included the U.S. consul and the Swedish charge d’affaires. The gunmen win the release of five imprisoned comrades and fly with them to Libya.
  • 1977 – US President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.
  • 1984 – The African republic Upper Volta changes its name to Burkina Faso.
  • 1987 – The Federal Communications Commission rescinds the Fairness Doctrine which had required radio and television stations to “fairly” present controversial issues.
  • 1991 – The Greek cruise ship Oceanos sinks off the Wild Coast of South Africa.
  • 1993 – A federal judge sentences LAPD officers Stacey Koon and Laurence Powell to 30 months in prison for violating motorist Rodney King’s civil rights.
  • 1995 – Operation Storm begins in Croatia.
  • 1997 – 185,000 Teamsters union United Parcel Service drivers walk off the job.
  • 2002 – Soham murders: 10 year old school girls Jessica Chapman and Holly Wells go missing from the town of Soham, Cambridgeshire.
  • 2005 – Prime Minister Paul Martin announces that Michaëlle Jean will be Canada’s 27th – and first black – Governor General.
  • 2006 – Dame Silvia Cartwright steps down as the Governor-General of New Zealand and was replaced by The Honourable Anand Satyanand, who was sworn in on 23 August.

August 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1222 – Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (d. 1262)
  • 1290 – Duke Leopold I of Austria (d. 1326)
  • 1521 – Pope Urban VII (d. 1590)
  • 1604 – François Hédelin, abbé d’Aubignac, French writer (d. 1676)
  • 1701 – Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1719 – Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minerologist and geologist (d. 1767)
  • 1721 – Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician (d. 1803)
  • 1755 – Nicolas-Jacques Conté, French painter, inventor of the modern pencil (d. 1805)
  • 1792 – Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (d. 1822)
  • 1805 – William Rowan Hamilton, Irish mathematician (d. 1865)
  • 1821 – James White, cofunder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – Louis Vuitton, founder of Louis Vuitton (d. 1892)
  • 1834 – John Venn, English mathematician (d. 1923)
  • 1848 – Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
  • 1859 – Knut Hamsun, Norwegian writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1952)
  • 1867 – Jake Beckley, baseball player (d. 1918)
  • 1870 – Sir Harry Lauder, Scottish entertainer (d. 1950)
  • 1884 – Henri Cornet, French cyclist (d. 1941)
  • 1888 – Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader (d. 1965)
  • 1890 – Dolf Luque, baseball player (d. 1957)
  • 1900 – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, (Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother), Queen consort of George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 2002)
  • 1901 – Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician (d. 1971)
  • 1902 – Wild Bill Hallahan, baseball player (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Witold Gombrowicz, Polish novelist and dramatist (d. 1969)
  • 1904 – Joe Tate, English footballer (d. 1973)
  • 1906 – Eugen Schuhmacher, German zoologist (d. 1973)
  • 1906 – Marie-José of Belgium, queen of Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Kurt Eichhorn, German conductor (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Glenn Cunningham, runner (d. 1988)
  • 1910 – William Schuman, American composer (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat (d. 1947)
  • 1913 – Robert Hayden, American poet (d. 1980)
  • 1915 – Warren Avis, founder of Avis car rentals (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Iceberg Slim, popular African-American author also known as Robert Beck (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Helen Thomas, American journalist
  • 1921 – Maurice Richard, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi, Pakistani satirical and humor writer
  • 1923 – Reg Grundy, Australian media and television mogul
  • 1927 – Jess Thomas, American tenor (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Christian Goethals, Belgian racing driver (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Kishore Kumar, Indian singer and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1930 – Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, one of the most senior shia clerics of the 21st century.
  • 1936 – Assia Djebar, Algerian writer and filmmaker
  • 1937 – David Bedford, English musician
  • 1938 – Ellen Schrecker, American college professor
  • 1940 – Abdurrahman Wahid, 4th President of Indonesia
  • 1940 – Timi Yuro, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – Martin Jarvis, English actor
  • 1942 – Don S. Davis, American actor
  • 1942 – Cleon Jones, American baseball player
  • 1942 – David Lange, New Zealand politician (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper
  • 1944 – Richard Belzer, American actor and comedian
  • 1944 – Doudou Ndoye?, Senegalese lawyer and politician
  • 1946 – Maureen Starkey, ex-wife of Ringo Starr (d. 1994)
  • 1947 – Klaus Schulze, German composer
  • 1948 – Johnny Grubb, American baseball player
  • 1952 – Moya Brennan, Irish singer
  • 1952 – Gábor Demszky, Hungarian politician
  • 1955 – Billy Bob Thornton, American actor and writer
  • 1955 – Alberto Gonzales, American U.S. Attorney General
  • 1956 – Gerry Cooney, American boxer
  • 1957 – John Wark, Scottish footballer
  • 1957 – Brooks D. Simpson, American historian
  • 1958 – Mary Decker, American athlete
  • 1958 – Allison Hedge Coke, American poet and writer
  • 1958 – Kym Karath, American actress
  • 1959 – Robbin Crosby, American musician (Ratt) (d. 2002)
  • 1959 – John Gormley, Irish politician
  • 1960 – Dean Malenko, American professional wrestler
  • 1960 – José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish politician
  • 1961 – Barack Obama, American politician
  • 1961 – Lauren Tom, American actress
  • 1962 – Roger Clemens, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Paul Reynolds, British musician
  • 1963 – Gary King, British DJ
  • 1964 – Andrew Bartlett, Australian politician
  • 1965 – Fredrik Reinfeldt, Swedish politician
  • 1965 – Dennis Lehane, American crime writer
  • 1966 – Kensuke Sasaki, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1967 – Timothy Adams, American actor
  • 1967 – Mike Marsh, American athlete
  • 1968 – Daniel Dae Kim, American actor
  • 1968 – Marcus Schenkenberg, Swedish model
  • 1969 – Troy O’Leary, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Michael DeLuise, American actor
  • 1970 – John August, American screenwriter
  •  1971 – Jeff Gordon, American race car driver
  • 1972 – Stefan Brogren, Canadian actor
  • 1973 – Xavier Marchand, French swimmer
  • 1973 – Eva Amaral, Spanish singer and songwriter
  • 1974 – Kily González, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Keenan Milton, Professional Skater
  • 1975 – Daniella van Graas, Dutch model and actress
  • 1975 – Andy Hallett, American actor
  • 1977 – Luís Boa Morte, Portuguese footballer
  • 1977 – Frankie Kazarian, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Kurt Busch, American race car driver
  • 1980 – Dingdong Dantes, Filipino actor
  • 1981 – Marques Houston, American singer (IMx)
  • 1981 – Frédérick Bousquet, French swimmer
  • 1981 – Abigail Spencer, American actress
  • 1985 – Ha Seung-Jin, Korean basketball player
  • 1985 – Luis Antonio Valencia, Ecuadorean footballer
  • 1985 – Mark Milligan, Australian footballer
  • 1988 – Lou Uhler WIDB and WSIU-TV Sportscaster
  • 1989 – Jessica Mauboy, Australian Idol contestant
  • 1992 – Tiffany Evans, American singer
  • 1992 – Dylan and Cole Sprouse, Italian-born American child actors

August 4 – Holidays:

  • Saint Sithney, patron saint of mad dogs
  • Saint John Vianney (Jean-Marie Vianney), parish priest, patron saint of priests

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 3

August 3 – Events:

  • 8 – Roman Empire general Tiberius defeats Dalmatians on the river Bathinus.
  • 435 – Deposed Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, was exiled by Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt.
  • 881 – Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu, where Louis III of France defeated the Vikings, an event celebrated in the poem Ludwigslied
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus sets sail from Palos de la Frontera, Spain.
  • 1492 – The Jews of Spain are expelled by the Catholic Monarchs.
  • 1527 – First known letter was sent from North America by John Rut while at St. John’s, Newfoundland.
  • 1635 – The third of the Tokugawa shoguns, Iemitsu, establishes the system of alternate attendance (sankin kotai) by which the feudal daimyo are required to spend one year at Edo Castle in Tokyo and one year back home at their feudal manor, while their families remained in Tokyo as virtual political hostages. (Traditional Japanese Date: June 21, 1635).
  • 1645 – Thirty Years’ War: Second Battle of Nördlingen (Battle of Allerheim) – A French army under the command of Louis de Bourbon, Duc d’Enghien and Marshal Henri, Vicomte de Turenne attacks and defeats an Imperial army, led by Field Marshal Franz Baron (Freiherr) von Mercy at Alerheim, near Nördlingen, Germany.
  • 1678 – Robert LaSalle builds the Le Griffon, the first known ship built in America.
  • 1783 – Mount Asama erupts in Japan, killing 35,000 people.
  • 1852 – First Boat Race between Yale and Harvard, the first American intercollegiate athletic event. Harvard won.
  • 1860 – The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand.
  • 1900 – Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded.
  • 1913 – Wheatland Hop Riot
  • 1914 – World War I: Germany declares war against France.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of Romani – Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army, under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal, and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai.
  • 1923 – The deceased Warren G. Harding was succeeded by Vice President Calvin Coolidge as the 30th President of the United States.
  • 1934 – Adolf Hitler becomes the supreme leader of Germany by joining the offices of President and Chancellor into Führer.
  • 1936 – Jesse Owens wins the 100 meter dash by defeating Ralph Metcalfe at the Berlin Olympics.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy invades British Somaliland.
  • 1948 – Whittaker Chambers accuses Alger Hiss of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union.
  • 1949 – National Basketball Association is founded in the United States.
  • 1958 – The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus travels beneath the Arctic ice cap.
  • 1958 – The Billboard Hot 100 is founded.
  • 1960 – Niger gains independence from France.
  • 1972 – U.S. Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
  • 1975 – A privately chartered Boeing 707 impacts the mountainside near Agadir, Morocco killing 188.
  • 1977 – United States Senate Hearing on MKULTRA.
  • 1981 – In the United States, Air traffic controllers affiliated with the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization walk off the job. President Ronald Reagan ultimately responds by firing those who ignore his order to return to work.
  • 1981 – Senegalese opposition parties, under the leadership of Mamadou Dia, launches the Antiimperialist Action Front-Suxxali Reew Mi.
  • 1996 – General William F. Garrison accepted responsibility for the outcome of the 1993 raid in Somalia, and he retired from military service.
  • 1997 – Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre in Algeria; 40-76 villagers killed.
  • 2001 – The Real IRA detonate a car bomb in Ealing, London, U.K injuring seven people.
  • 2004 – The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  • 2005 – President Maaouya Ould Sid’Ahmed Taya of Mauritania is overthrown in a military coup while attending the funeral of King Fahd in Saudi Arabia.

August 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1509 – Étienne Dolet, French scholar (d. 1546)
  • 1692 – John Henley, English clergyman (d. 1759)
  • 1770 – King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia (d. 1840)
  • 1801 – Joseph Paxton, English gardener (d. 1865)
  • 1808 – Hamilton Fish, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1811 – Elisha Graves Otis, American inventor (d. 1861)
  • 1817 – Archduke Albert, Austrian general (d. 1895)
  • 1832 – Ivan Zajc, Croatian composer (d. 1914)
  • 1850 – Reginald Heber Roe, 2nd Headmaster of Brisbane Grammar School (d. 1926)
  • 1856 – Alfred Deakin, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1919)
  • 1860 – W.K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (d. 1935)
  • 1867 – Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – King Haakon VII of Norway (d. 1957)
  • 1887 – Rupert Brooke, English poet (d. 1915)
  • 1894 – Harry Heilmann, American baseball player (d. 1951)
  • 1895 – Marguerite Nichols, American actress (d. 1941)
  • 1899 – Louis Chiron, Monegasque race car driver (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Ernie Pyle, American war correspondent (d. 1945)
  • 1900 – John T. Scopes, American defendant (d. 1970)
  • 1901 – Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, Polish Catholic prelate (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Regina Jonas, first woman rabbi
  • 1903 – Habib Bourguiba, Tunisian politician (d. 2000)
  • 1904 – Clifford D. Simak, American author (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Dolores del Rio, Mexican-born actress (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Franz Cardinal König, Austrian Catholic archbishop (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – Alex McCrindle, Scottish actor (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Mel Tolkin, television comedy writer (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Frank Arthur Calder, Canadian politician (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Pete Newell, American basketball coach
  • 1916 – José Manuel Moreno, Argentine footballer (d. 1978)
  • 1918 – Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – P. D. James, English novelist
  • 1920 – Charlie Shavers, American trumpet player (d. 1971)
  • 1921 – Marilyn Maxwell, American actress (d. 1972)
  • 1921 – Hayden Carruth, American poet and literary critic
  • 1922 – Robert Sumner, American evangelist and author
  • 1923 – Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Christianity
  • 1924 – Leon Uris, American novelist (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Marv Levy, American football coach
  • 1926 – Tony Bennett, American singer
  • 1926 – Anthony Sampson, British journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Gordon Scott, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Cécile Aubry, French actress
  • 1934 – Haystacks Calhoun, American professional wrestler (d. 1989)
  • 1934 – Jonas Savimbi, Angolan political leader (d. 2002)
  • 1935 – Georgi Shonin, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Edward Petherbridge, English actor
  • 1937 – Steven Berkoff, English actor
  • 1938 – Terry Wogan, Irish television presenter
  • 1939 – Jimmy Nicol, English musician
  • 1939 – Egil Krogh, American lawyer and Watergate figure
  • 1940 – Lance Alworth, American football player
  • 1940 – Martin Sheen, American actor
  • 1941 – Beverly Lee, American singer (Shirelles)
  • 1941 – Martha Stewart, American media personality
  • 1945 – Eamon Dunphy, former Irish footballer
  • 1946 – Jack Straw, British politician
  • 1946 – Syreeta Wright, American singer and songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1948 – Jean-Pierre Raffarin, Prime Minister of France
  • 1948 – Pierre Lacroix, National Hockey League executive
  • 1950 – John Landis, American film director
  • 1951 – Marcel Dionne, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Jay North, American actor
  • 1952 – Osvaldo Ardiles, Argentine footballer
  • 1952 – Frank Schaeffer, American author
  • 1952 – Loles León, Spanish actress
  • 1954 – Gary Peters Football league manager and former professional footballer
  • 1956 – Abhisit Vejjajiva, Thai politician and Democrat Party leader
  • 1957 – Mani Shankar, Indian film maker
  • 1958 – Ana Kokkinos, Greek-Australian film director
  • 1958 – Lambert Wilson, French actor
  • 1959 – John C. McGinley, American actor
  • 1959 – Martin Atkins, English drummer
  • 1959 – Koichi Tanaka, Japanese scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1961 – Lee Rocker, American musician (Stray Cats)
  • 1961 – Molly Hagan, American actress
  • 1963 – James Hetfield, American musician (Metallica)
  • 1963 – Ed Roland, American musician (Collective Soul)
  • 1963 – Isaiah Washington, American actor
  • 1964 – Lucky Dube, South African reggae musician (d. 2007)
  • 1966 – Eric Esch, American boxer
  • 1967 – Mathieu Kassovitz, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Rod Beck, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1970 – Masahiro Sakurai, Japanese video game developer
  • 1971 – Forbes Johnston, Scottish footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1971 – DJ Spinderella, American rapper (Salt-N-Pepa)
  • 1972 – Sandis Ozolinš, Latvian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Stephen Carpenter, American musician (Deftones)
  • 1973 – Jay Cutler, American bodybuilder
  • 1973 – Nikos Dabizas, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Michael Ealy, American actor
  • 1975 – Aryiro Strataki, Greek heptathlete
  • 1976 – Troy Glaus, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Tom Brady, American football player
  • 1977 – Tómas Lemarquis, Icelandic actor
  • 1977 – Óscar Pereiro, Spanish cyclist
  • 1978 – Mariusz Jop, Polish footballer
  • 1979 – Kris Jenkins, American football player
  • 1979 – Evangeline Lilly, Canadian model/actress
  • 1980 – Dominic Moore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Brandan Schieppati, American singer (Bleeding Through)
  • 1984 – Jon Foster, American actor
  • 1984 – Amanda Kimmel, American beauty queen
  • 1984 – Yasin Avci, Danish footballer
  • 1985 – Sonny Bill Williams, New Zealand rugby league footballer
  • 1986 – Charlotte Casiraghi, daughter of Princess Caroline of Monaco
  • 1993 – Yurina Kumai, Japanese singer

August 3 – Deaths:

  • 1460 – King James II of Scotland (b. 1430)
  • 1527 – Scaramuccia Trivulzio, Italian cardinal
  • 1546 – Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (b. 1484)
  • 1546 – Étienne Dolet, French scholar and printer (b. 1509)
  • 1604 – Bernardino de Mendoza, Spanish military commander
  • 1621 – Guillaume du Vair, French writer (b. 1556)
  • 1667 – Francesco Borromini, Swiss sculptor and architect (b. 1599)
  • 1712 – Joshua Barnes, English scholar (b. 1654)
  • 1720 – Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (b. 1641)
  • 1721 – Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-born woodcarver (b. 1648)
  • 1761 – Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (b. 1691)
  • 1773 – Stanislaw Konarski, Polish writer (b. 1700)
  • 1780 – Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (b. 1715)
  • 1792 – Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (b. 1732)
  • 1797 – Jeffrey Amherst, British military commander (b. 1717)
  • 1805 – Christopher Anstey, English writer (b. 1724)
  • 1839 – Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (b. 1763)
  • 1857 – Eugène Sue, French novelist (b. 1804)
  • 1867 – Philipp August Böckh, German scholar and antiquarian (b. 1785)
  • 1877 – William Butler Ogden, American politician, 1st Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • 1879 – Joseph Severn, English painter (b. 1793)
  • 1916 – Sir Roger Casement, Irish rebel (hanged) (b. 1864)
  • 1917 – Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (b. 1849)
  • 1924 – Joseph Conrad, Polish-born writer (b. 1857)
  • 1929 – Emil Berliner, German-born telephone and recording pioneer (b. 1851)
  • 1929 – Thorstein Veblen, American economist (b. 1857)
  • 1942 – Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1872)
  • 1954 – Colette, French writer (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Peter Collins, English race car driver (b. 1931)
  • 1964 – Flannery O’Connor, American writer (b. 1925)
  • 1966 – Lenny Bruce, American comedian (b. 1925)
  • 1973 – Richard Marshall, U.S. Army general (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – Alfred Lunt, American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1977 – Makarios III, Archbishop and first President of Cyprus (b. 1913)
  • 1979 – Bertil Ohlin, Swedish economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1983 – Carolyn Jones, American actress (b. 1930)
  • 1990 – Betty Amann, German-American actress
  • 1993 – Swami Chinmayananda, spread the teachings of Vedanta (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Ida Lupino, English actress and director (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Edward Whittemore, American writer (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Pietro Rizzuto, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 1998 – Alfred Schnittke, Russian composer (b. 1934)
  • 2001 – Christopher Hewett, British actor (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Carmen Silvera, British actress (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Roger Voudouris, American singer and songwriter (b. 1954)
  • 2004 – Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Françoise d’Eaubonne, French feminist (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Arthur Lee, American psychedelic rock musician (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, singer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – John Gardner, British author (b. 1926)

August 3 – Holidays:

  • Niger – Independence Day.
  • Venezuela – Flag Day (since 2006)

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 2

August 2 – Events:

  • 338 BC – A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
  • 216 BC – Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae – The Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.
  • 1610 – Henry Hudson sails into what it is now known as Hudson Bay, thinking he had made it through the Northwest Passage and reached the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1776 – Delegates to the Continental Congress begin signing the United States Declaration of Independence.
  • 1790 – The first US Census is conducted.
  • 1798 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of the Nile (Battle of Aboukir Bay) concludes in a British  victory
  • 1869 – Japan’s samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant class system (Shinokosho) is abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese date: June 25, 1869).
  • 1870 – Tower Subway, the world’s first underground tube railway, opens in London.
  • 1903 – Fall of the Ottoman Empire: Unsuccessful uprising of slav Bulgarian-Macedonians led by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization against Ottoman Turkey, also known as the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising.
  • 1916 – World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • 1918 – Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
  • 1931 – Einstein urges all scientists to refuse military work.
  • 1932 – The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
  • 1934 – Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany.
  • 1937 – The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
  • 1939 – Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd write a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt urging him to begin the Manhattan project to develop a nuclear weapon.
  • 1943 – Rebellion in the Nazi death camp of Treblinka.
  • 1945 – World War II: Potsdam Conference, in which the Allied Powers discuss the future of defeated Germany, concludes.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: Gulf of Tonkin Incident – North Vietnamese gunboats allegedly fires on U.S. destroyers, USS Maddox and the USS Turner Joy.
  • 1967 – The second Blackwall Tunnel opens in Greenwich, London.
  • 1968 – The 1968 Casiguran Earthquake hits Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines killing more than 270 people and wounding 261.
  • 1973 – A flash fire kills 51 at the Summerland amusement centre at Douglas, Isle of Man.
  • 1980 – A bomb explodes at the railway station in Bologna, Italy, killing 85 people and wounding more than 200.
  • 1985 – Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar crashes at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport killing 137.
  • 1990 – Iraq invades Kuwait, eventually leading to conflict with coalition forces in the Gulf War.

August 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1533 – Theodor Zwinger, Swiss scholar (d. 1588)
  • 1672 – Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar (d. 1733)
  • 1674 – Philip II, Duke of Orléans, Regent of France (d. 1723)
  • 1696 – Mahmud I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1754)
  • 1703 – Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (d. 1775)
  • 1788 – Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1853)
  • 1815 – Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German writer (d. 1894)
  • 1828 – Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general (d. 1895)
  • 1834 – Frédéric Bartholdi, French sculptor (d. 1904)
  • 1835 – Elisha Gray, American inventor and entrepreneur (d. 1901)
  • 1858 – Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, queen of the Netherlands (d. 1934)
  • 1865 – Irving Babbitt, American literary critic (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (d. 1955)
  • 1868 – King Constantine I of Greece (d. 1923)
  • 1871 – John French Sloan, American artist (d. 1951)
  • 1875 – Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • 1878 – Georg Hackenschmidt, Estonian wrestler (d. 1968)
  • 1878 – Aino Kallas, Finnish – Estonian author (d. 1956)
  • 1882 – Red Ames, baseball player (d. 1936)
  • 1884 – Rómulo Gallegos, President of Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • 1886 – John Alexander Douglas McCurdy Canadian Aviator ( d. 1961)
  • 1890 – Marin Sais, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 1891 – Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian, linguist (d. 1971)
  • 1892 – Jack Warner, Canadian film producer (d. 1978)
  • 1896 – Lorenzo Herrera, Venezuelan singer and composer (d. 1960)
  • 1897 – Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Charles Bennett, British screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1902 – Helen Morgan, American actress (d. 1941)
  • 1905 – Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – Myrna Loy, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1907 – Mary Hamman, American writer (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Roger MacDougall, writer (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Ann Dvorak, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Vladimir Zerjavic, Croatian statistician (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Félix Leclerc, Quebec singer, songwriter and writer (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Gary Merrill, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1920 – Louis Pauwels, French journalist and writer (d. 1997)
  • 1923 – Shimon Peres, Israeli politician.
  • 1924 – James Baldwin, American author (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Carroll O’Connor, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1925 – John Dexter, English stage and film director
  • 1925 – Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentinian dictator
  • 1925 – Alan Whicker, British journalist and broadcaster
  • 1926 – Betsy Bloomingdale, American socialite and namesake of the Bloomingdale department store chain
  • 1930 – Vali Myers (artist), Australian painter (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Pierre DuMaine, Catholic bishop
  • 1931 – Viliam Schrojf, Slovakian football goalkeeper (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Lamar Hunt, American sports executive (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Peter O’Toole, Irish-born actor
  • 1934 – Valery Bykovsky, cosmonaut
  • 1935 – Hank Cochran, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1937 – Garth Hudson, Canadian musician (The Band)
  • 1938 – Pierre de Bané, French Canadian politician
  • 1938 – Terry Peck, Falkland Islander (d. 2006) who acted as a scout for 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment in the Falklands War
  • 1939 – Wes Craven, American film director
  • 1939 – John W. Snow, American 73rd United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1941 – Doris Coley, American singer (Shirelles) (d. 2000)
  • 1942 – Isabel Allende, Chilean author
  • 1943 – Tom Burgmeier, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Max Wright, American actor
  • 1944 – Jim Capaldi, British musician and songwriter (Traffic) (d. 2005)
  • 1944 – Naná Vasconcelos, Brazilian jazz musician
  • 1945 – Joanna Cassidy, American actress
  • 1945 – Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer
  • 1947 – Massiel, Spanish singer
  • 1948 – Andy Fairweather Low, British guitarist
  • 1948 – Dennis Prager, American radio talk show host and author
  • 1949 – James Fallows, American journalist
  • 1950 – Lance Ito, American judge
  • 1950 – Sue Rodriguez, Canadian assisted suicide advocate (d. 1994)
  • 1951 – Andrew Gold, American musician and songwriter
  • 1951 – Joe Lynn Turner, American singer (Deep Purple and Rainbow
  • 1951 – Freddie Wadling, Swedish actor and musician (The Leather Nun, Fleshquartet)
  • 1951 – Per Westerberg, Swedish politician
  • 1953 – Marjo, Quebec singer
  • 1953 – Butch Patrick, American actor
  • 1954 – James Charles Kopp, American citizen who murdered Barnett Slepian
  • 1954 – Sammy McIlroy, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Caleb Carr, American novelist and military historian
  • 1956 – Fulvio Melia, Italian-American physicist/astrophysicist and author
  • 1956 – Jim Neidhart, American professional wrestler
  • 1956 – Isabel Pantoja, Spanish singer
  • 1957 – Mojo Nixon, American musician and actor
  • 1959 – Victoria Jackson, American comedian
  • 1959 – Apollonia Kotero, American singer and actress
  • 1960 – Neal Morse, American musician (Spock’s Beard and Transatlantic)
  • 1960 – David Yow, American musician (Scratch Acid, The Jesus Lizard)
  • 1961 – Linda Fratianne, American figure skater
  • 1961 – Cold 187um, American rapper (Above the Law)
  • 1964 – Frank Biela, German race car driver
  • 1964 – Mary-Louise Parker, American actress
  • 1966 – Tim Wakefield, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Aaron Krickstein, American tennis player
  • 1967 – Aline Brosh McKenna, American screenwriter
  • 1968 – Stefan Effenberg, German footballer
  • 1969 – Fernando Couto, Portuguese footballer
  • 1969 – Richard Hallebeek, Dutch guitarist
  • 1970 – Tony Amonte, American ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Kevin Smith, American director and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Michael Hughes, Irish footballer
  • 1972 – Mohamed Al-Deayea, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1972 – Jacinda Barrett, Australian model and actress
  • 1972 – Daniele Nardello, Italian professional road racing cyclist
  • 1972 – Jimmy Pop, American musician (The Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1972 – Justyna Steczkowska, Polish singer
  • 1973 – Hiroyuki Goto, Japanese game designer
  • 1974 – Jeremy Castle, American singer and songwriter
  • 1974 – Angie Cepeda, Colombian actress
  • 1975 – Mineiro, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Xu Huaiwen, Chinese-born badminton player
  • 1975 – Ingrid Rubio, Spanish actress
  • 1976 – Reyes Estévez, Spanish athlete
  • 1976 – Sam Worthington, Australian actor
  • 1977 – Edward Furlong, American actor
  • 1978 – Goran Gavrancic, Serbian footballer
  • 1978 – Matt Guerrier, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Reuben Kosgei, Kenyan athlete
  • 1980 – Ivica Banovic, Croatian footballer
  • 1982 – Hélder Postiga, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Grady Sizemore, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Nick Diaz, American MMA fighter
  • 1984 – Chiara Mastalli, Italian actress
  • 1984 – Giampaolo Pazzini, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – Harry Smith, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1986 – Mathieu Razanakolona, Malagasy skier
  • 1988 – Brittany Hargest, American singer (Jump5)
  • 1992 – Hallie Kate Eisenberg, American actress

August 2 – Deaths:

  • 686 – Pope John V
  • 1100 – King William II of England
  • 1222 – Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (b. 1156)
  • 1511 – Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader
  • 1589 – King Henry III of France (b. 1551)
  • 1611 – Kato Kiyomasa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1562)
  • 1696 – Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, Scottish military commander (b. 1630)
  • 1769 – Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician (b. 1689)
  • 1776 – Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French military leader (b. 1717)
  • 1788 – Thomas Gainsborough, English artist (b. 1727)
  • 1815 – Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (b. 1763)
  • 1823 – Lazare Carnot, French general, politician, and mathematician (b. 1753)
  • 1849 – Governor Muhammad Ali of Egypt (b. 1769)
  • 1859 – Horace Mann, American educator and abolitionist (b. 1796)
  • 1876 – James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok, American gunfighter (b. 1837)
  • 1889 – Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (b. 1851)
  • 1890 – Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (b. 1813)
  • 1903 – Edmond Nocard, French veterinarian (b. 1850)
  • 1920 – Ormer Locklear, American stunt pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1921 – Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor (b. 1873)
  • 1922 – Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born inventor, invented the telephone (b. 1847)
  • 1923 – Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)
  • 1929 – Mae Costello, American actress (b. 1882)
  • 1934 – Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and President of Germany (b. 1847)
  • 1936 – Louis Blériot, French aviation pioneer (b. 1872)
  • 1939 – Harvey Spencer Lewis, American Rosicrucian mystic (b. 1883)
  • 1945 – Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (b. 1863)
  • 1955 – Alfred Lépine, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1901)
  • 1972 – Helen Hoyt, American poet (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – Brian Cole, American bass player (The Association) (b. 1942)
  • 1973 – Jean-Pierre Melville, French film director (b. 1917)
  • 1974 – W. Douglas Hawkes, British racing driver (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Fritz Lang, Austrian film director (b. 1890)
  • 1978 – Carlos Chávez, Mexican composer (b. 1899)
  • 1979 – Thurman Munson, American baseball player (b. 1947)
  • 1986 – Roy Cohn, American politician (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – Raymond Carver, American writer (b. 1938)
  • 1988 – Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (b. 1914)
  • 1990 – Norman Mclean, American writer (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Edwin Richfield, British actor (b. 1921)
  • 1992 – Michel Berger, French singer and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 1996 – Michel Debré, French politician (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Mohamed Farrah Aidid, Somalian Warlord (b. 1934)
  • 1997 – William S. Burroughs, American writer (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Shari Lewis, American puppeteer (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Ron Townson, American singer (The Fifth Dimension) (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Don Estelle, British actor (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Mike Levey, American television personality (b. 1948)
  • 2003 – Peter Safar, Austrian physician (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Don Tosti, American musician (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – François Craenhals, Belgian comics artist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Chauncey Bailey, American journalist and editor (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Holden Roberto, Angolan founder and leader of the FNLA (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Kay Dotrice, English repertory actress (b. 1929)

August 2 – Holidays:

  • Costa Rica – Our Lady of the Angels.
  • Bulgaria/Republic of Macedonia – Ilinden (St. Ilya Day), a day of remembrance of the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising.
  • Day of Airborne Forces in Russia.
  • Day of Azerbaijani cinema

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History August 1

August 1 – Events:

  • 33 BC – Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic.
  • 527 – Justinian I becomes the only ruler of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 607 – Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607).
  • 902 – Taormina, the last Byzantine stronghold in Sicily, is captured by the Aghlabid army.
  • 1203 – Isaac II Angelus, restored Eastern Roman Emperor, declares his son Alexius IV Angelus co-emperor after pressure from the forces of the Ciaran Fourth Crusade.
  • 1291 – The Swiss Confederation is formed with the signature of the Federal Charter.
  • 1461 – Edward IV is crowned king of England.
  • 1492 – Ferdinand and Isabella drive the Jews out of Spain.
  • 1498 – Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to visit Venezuela.
  • 1619 – First African slaves arrive in Jamestown, Virginia.
  • 1664 – The Ottoman Empire is defeated in the Battle of Saint Gotthard by an Austrian army led by Raimondo Montecuccoli, resulting in the Peace of Vasvár.
  • 1774 – The element oxygen is discovered for the third (and last) time.
  • 1798 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of the Nile (Battle of Aboukir Bay) – Battle begins when a British fleet engages the French Revolutionary Navy fleet in an unusual night action.
  • 1800 – The Act of Union 1800 is passed in which merges the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1820 – London’s Regent’s Canal opens.
  • 1831 – A new London Bridge opens.
  • 1832 – The Black Hawk War ends.
  • 1834 – Slavery is abolished in the British Empire.
  • 1838 – Slaves in Trinidad and Tobago are emancipated.
  • 1876 – Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state.
  • 1894 – The First Sino-Japanese War erupts between Japan and China over Korea.
  • 1902 – The United States buys the rights to the Panama Canal from France.
  •  1907 – First Scout camp opens on Brownsea Island.
  • 1914 – Germany declares war on Russia at the opening of World War I. The Swiss Army mobilizes because of World War I
  • 1927 – The Nanchang Uprising marks the first significant battle in the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang and Communist Party of China. This day is commemorated as the anniversary of the founding of the People’s Liberation Army.
  • 1936 – Olympic Games: Summer Olympic Games – The Games of the XI Olympiad open in Berlin.
  • 1937 – Tito reads the resolution “Manifesto of constitutional congress of KPH” to the constitutive congress of KPH (Croatian Communist Party) in woods near Samobor.
  • 1941 – The first Jeep is produced.
  • 1944 – Anne Frank makes the last entry in her diary.
  • 1944 – Warsaw Uprising against the Nazi occupation breaks out in Warsaw, Poland.
  • 1948 – The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
  • 1957 – The United States and Canada form the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).
  • 1960 – Dahomey (later renamed Benin) declares independence from France.
  • 1960 – Communist Party of Independence and Work is banned in Senegal.
  • 1960 – Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • 1964 – The Belgian Congo is renamed the Republic of the Congo.
  • 1965 – Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands announces her engagement to Claus von Amsberg.
  • 1966 – Charles Whitman kills 15 people at The University of Texas at Austin before being killed by the police.
  • 1966 – Purges of intellectuals and imperialists becomes official People’s Republic of China policy at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
  • 1967 – Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
  • 1968 – The coronation is held of Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th Sultan of Brunei.
  • 1970 – Powder Ridge Rock Festival.
  • 1971 – Concert for Bangladesh.
  • 1975 – CSCE Final Act creates the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
  • 1977 – Frank H.T. Rhodes is elected President of Cornell University, a post he would hold for 18 years.
  • 1977 – Former Lockheed U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers crashes the news helicopter he was  flying in Los Angeles.
  • 1980 – Buttevant Rail Disaster kills 18 and injures dozens of train passengers in Ireland.
  • 1981 – MTV begins broadcasting in the United States and airs its first video, “Video Killed The Radio Star” by the Buggles.
  • 2001 – An agreement is reached on the position of the minority Albanian language in the Republic of Macedonia.
  • 2001 – Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
  • 2001 – Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office.
  • 2004 – A supermarket fire kills 396 people and injures 500 in Asunción, Paraguay.
  • 2005 – German spelling reform of 1996 is formally implemented.
  • 2007 – The I-35W Mississippi River Bridge spanning the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, collapsed during the evening rush hour.

August 1 – Birthdays:

  • 10 BC – Claudius, Roman Emperor (d. 54)
  • 126 – Pertinax, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
  • 1313 – Emperor Kogon of Japan (d. 1364)
  • 1377 – Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (d. 1433)
  • 1545 – Andrew Melville, Scottish theologian and religious reformer (d. 1622)
  • 1555 – Edward Kelley, English spirit medium (d. 1597)
  • 1579 – Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (d. 1644)
  • 1630 – Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, English statesman (d. 1673)
  • 1713 – Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1780)
  • 1714 – Richard Wilson, Welsh painter (d. 1782)
  • 1738 – Jacques François Dugommier, French general (d. 1794)
  • 1744 – Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French scientist (d. 1829)
  • 1770 – William Clark, American explorer (d. 1838)
  • 1779 – Francis Scott Key, American lawyer and lyricist (d. 1843)
  • 1779 – Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (d. 1851)
  • 1815 – Richard Henry Dana, Jr., American lawyer, politician, and author (d. 1882)
  • 1818 – Maria Mitchell, American astronomer (d. 1889)
  • 1819 – Herman Melville, American writer (d. 1891)
  • 1837 – Mother Jones, American labor organizer (d. 1930)
  • 1843 – Robert Todd Lincoln, son of Abraham Lincoln; United States Secretary of War (d. 1926)
  • 1858 – Hans Rott, Austrian composer (d. 1884)
  • 1858 – Gaston Doumergue, French President (d. 1937)
  • 1871 – John Lester, American cricketer (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
  • 1881 – Otto Toeplitz, German mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1889 – Walter Gerlach, German physicist (d. 1979)
  • 1891 – Karl Kobelt, Swiss politician (d. 1968)
  • 1893 – King Alexander I of Greece (d. 1920)
  • 1894 – Ottavio Bottecchia, Italian cyclist (d. 1927)
  • 1910 – James Henry Govier, British artist (d. 1974)
  • 1910 – Walter Scharf, American composer (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Henry Jones, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – J. Lee Thompson, British film director (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Jack Kramer, American tennis player
  • 1922 – Pat McDonald, Australian actress (d. 1990)
  • 1924 – Georges Charpak, Ukrainian-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1924 – Marcia Mae Jones, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Ernst Jandl, Austrian writer (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Theo Adam, German bass-baritone
  • 1927 – Raymond Leppard, English conductor
  • 1930 – Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Lionel Bart, English song-writer (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Julie Bovasso, American actor and writer (d. 1991)
  • 1932 – Meir Kahane, American founder of the Jewish Defense League (d. 1990)
  • 1932 – Meena Kumari, Indian film actress (d. 1972)
  • 1933 – Dom DeLuise, American actor and comedian
  • 1933 – Masaichi Kaneda, Japanese baseball player
  • 1933 – Dušan Treštík, Czech historian (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer
  • 1937 – Al D’Amato, United States Senator from New York
  • 1941 – Étienne Roda-Gil, French songwriter and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1942 – Jerry Garcia, American musician (The Grateful Dead) (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – André Gagnon, French Canadian pianist and composer
  • 1942 – Giancarlo Giannini, Italian actor
  • 1945 – Douglas D. Osheroff, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 – Sandi Griffiths, American singer, The Lawrence Welk Show
  • 1946 – Fiona Stanley, Australian epidemiologist
  • 1946 – Boz Burrell, British bass guitarist (King Crimson, Bad Company) (d. 2006)
  • 1947 – Chris L. Barnard, Welsh footballer
  • 1949 – Kurmanbek Bakiyev, President of Kyrgyzstan
  • 1950 – Jim Carroll, American poet and actor
  • 1951 – Tommy Bolin, American guitarist (Deep Purple) (d. 1976)
  • 1951 – Pete Mackanin, American baseball player
  • 1952 – Zoran Ðindic, Prime Minister of Serbia (d. 2003)
  • 1953 – Robert Cray, American singer
  • 1953 – Charles Gilpin, American Scientist (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Howard Kurtz, American journalist
  • 1955 – Trevor Berbick, Jamaican boxer
  • 1956 – Tom Leykis, American radio personality
  • 1958 – Adrian Dunbar, Northern Irish actor
  • 1958 – Rob Buck, American musician (10,000 Maniacs) (d. 2000)
  • 1958 – Tor Håkon Holte, Norwegian cross country skier
  • 1958 – Michael Penn, American singer and songwriter
  • 1959 – Joe Elliott, English musician (Def Leppard)
  • 1959 – Otomo Yoshihide, Japanese musician
  • 1960 – Chuck D, American rapper (Public Enemy)
  • 1960 – Richard Roeper, American columnist and film critic
  • 1962 – Robert Clift, British field hockey player
  • 1962 – Jacob Matlala, South African boxer
  • 1963 – Coolio, American rapper
  • 1963 – Demián Bichir, Mexican actor
  • 1963 – John Carroll Lynch, American actor
  • 1963 – Dean Wareham, New Zealand musician (Galaxie 500, Luna, Dean and Britta)
  • 1964 – Adam Duritz, American musician (Counting Crows)
  • 1965 – Sam Mendes, British stage and film director
  • 1967 – Gregg Jefferies, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Dan Donegan, American musician (Disturbed)
  • 1969 – Kevin Jarvis, American baseball player
  • 1969 – David Wain, American actor
  • 1970 – David James, English footballer
  • 1971 – Stuart Wade, English actor
  • 1972 – Devon Hughes, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Nicke Royale, Swedish musician (The Hellacopters)
  • 1972 – Tanya Reid, Canadian actress
  • 1973 – Tempestt Bledsoe, American actress
  • 1973 – Eduardo Noriega, Spanish actor
  • 1973 – Gregg Berhalter, American footballer
  • 1974 – Beckie Scott, Canadian cross-country skiing athlete
  • 1976 – Kevin Joseph, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Nwankwo Kanu, Nigerian footballer
  • 1976 – Hasan Sas, Turkish footballer
  • 1976 – Søren Jochumsen, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Marc Denis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Damien Saez, French musician, songwriter, and author
  • 1978 – Dhani Harrison, English musician
  • 1978 – Edgerrin James, American football player
  • 1979 – Junior Agogo, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1979 – Jason Momoa, American actor
  • 1979 – Honeysuckle Weeks, English actress
  • 1980 – Mancini, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Stephen Hunt, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Ashley Parker Angel, North American singer and actor
  • 1982 – Ai Tominaga, Japanese model and actress
  • 1984 – Valery Ortiz, Puerto Rican actress
  • 1984 – Bastian Schweinsteiger, German footballer
  • 1986 – Andrew Taylor, English footballer
  • 1986 – Anton Stralman, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1998 – Khamani Griffin, American actor

August 1 – Deaths:

  • 371 – St Eusebius of Vercelli, Italian bishop (b. c. 283)
  • 527 – Emperor Justin I (b. c. 450)
  • 1137 – King Louis VI of France (b. 1081)
  • 1227 – Shimazu Tadahisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1179)
  • 1402 – Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England (b. 1341)
  • 1457 – Lorenzo Valla, Italian humanist (bc. 1406)
  • 1464 – Cosimo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (b. 1386)
  • 1541 – Simon Grynaeus, German theologian (b. 1493)
  • 1546 – Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (b. 1506)
  • 1557 – Olaus Magnus, Swedish writer (b. 1490)
  • 1580 – Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (b. 1524)
  • 1589 – Jacques Clément, French assassin of Henry III of France (b. 1567)
  • 1675 – Weetamoo, sachem of Pocasetts, a band of the Wampanoag Indians her death winding up the end of King Philip’s War
  • 1714 – Queen Anne of Great Britain (b. 1665)
  • 1787 – Alphonsus Liguori, Italian founder of the Redemptionist order (b. 1696)
  • 1796 – Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
  • 1798 – François-Paul Brueys D’Aigalliers, French admiral (killed in battle) (b. 1753)
  • 1812 – Yakov Kulnev, Russian general (killed in battle) (b. 1763)
  • 1851 – William Joseph Behr, German writer (b. 1775)
  • 1866 – John Ross (aka. Kooweskoowe), Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation (b. 1790)
  • 1903 – Calamity Jane, American frontierswoman (b. 1853)
  • 1917 – Frank Little, American labor organizer (lynched) (b. 1879)
  • 1918 – John Riley Banister, American cowboy and Texas Ranger (b. 1854)
  • 1920 – Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian nationalist leader (b. 1856)
  • 1929 – Syd Gregory, Australian cricketer (b. 1870)
  • 1964 – Johnny Burnette, American singer (b. 1934)
  • 1966 – Charles Whitman, American mass murderer (shot by police) (b. 1941)
  • 1967 – Richard Kuhn, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1970 – Frances Farmer, American actress (b. 1913)
  • 1970 – Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b.  1883)
  • 1973 – Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer (b. 1882)
  • 1973 – Walter Ulbricht, German communist statesman (b. 1893)
  • 1974 – Ildebrando Antoniutti, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1898)
  • 1977 – Gary Powers, American spy plane pilot (b. 1929)
  • 1980 – Patrick Depailler, French Formula 1 driver (b. 1944)
  • 1980 – Strother Martin, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1981 – Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (b. 1923)
  • 1989 – John Ogdon, English pianist (b. 1937)
  • 1990 – Norbert Elias, German sociologist (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Graham Young, British serial killer (b. 1947)
  • 1996 – Frida Boccara, French singer (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Tadeus Reichstein, Polish chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1996 – Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian physician and international aid worker (b. 1929)
  • 1997 – Sviatoslav Richter, Ukrainian pianist (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Eva Bartok, Hungarian-born actress (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian-born writer (b. 1897)
  • 2001 – Korey Stringer, American football player (b. 1974)
  • 2003 – Guy Thys, Belgian football coach (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Marie Trintignant, French actress (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Philip Abelson American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Al Aronowitz, American music journalist (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – King Fahd of Saudi Arabia (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Constant Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Jason Rhoades, American installation artist (b. 1965)
  • 2006 – Bob Thaves, American cartoonist (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Iris Marion Young, American feminist and political scientist (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Tommy Makem, Irish folk singer (b. 1932)

August 1 – Holidays:

  • Angola – Armed Forces Day.
  • Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago – Emancipation Day.
  • Benin – National Day.
  • People’s Republic of China – Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Liberation Army.
  • Democratic Republic of Congo – Parent’s Day
  • Nicaragua – Fiesta Day.
  • Rastafari movement – Celebration of the liberation of Haile Selassie from slavery.
  • Switzerland – National Day.
  • Lughnasadh – Lá Lúnasa, the traditional first day of Autumn in Ireland.
  • Lammas – Neopagan festival of Lammas.
  • Lebanon – Army’s Day (Eid al-Jaysh).
  • Yorkshire, England – Yorkshire Day.
  • World Scout Day – anniversary of the first day of the Brownsea Island Camp in 1907, where Robert Baden-Powell began scouting.
  • United States – Colorado statehood day
  • United Kingdom – National Farming and Agriculture Day

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History July 31

July 31 – Events:

  • 30 BC – Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian’s forces, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to his suicide.
  • 781 – The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
  • 904 – Thessalonica falls to the Arabs, who destroy the city.
  • 1423 – Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Cravant – The French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne.
  • 1451 – Jacques Coeur is arrested by order of Charles VII of France.
  • 1498 – On his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad.
  • 1588 – The Spanish Armada is spotted off the coast of England.
  • 1655 – Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1658 – Aurangzeb is proclaimed Moghul emperor of India.
  • 1667 – Second Anglo-Dutch War: Treaty of Breda ends the conflict.
  • 1703 – Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.
  • 1741 – Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
  • 1777 – The United States Congress passes a resolution that the services of Marquis de Lafayette “be accepted, and that, in consideration of his zeal, illustrious family and connexions, he have the rank and commission of major-general of the United States.”
  • 1790 – First U.S. patent is issued; granted to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.
  • 1856 – Christchurch, New Zealand is chartered as a city.
  • 1865 – The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
  • 1913 – The Balkan States signs an armistice at Bucarest.
  • 1917 – The Third Battle of Ypres starts in Flanders.
  • 1919 – German national assembly adopts the Weimar constitution (to come into force on August 14)
  • 1930 – The radio mystery program The Shadow is aired for the first time.
  • 1932 – The NSDAP wins more than 38% of the vote in German elections.
  • 1936 – The International Olympic Committee announces that the 1940 Summer Olympics will to be held in Tokyo. However, the games are given back to the IOC after the Second Sino-Japanese War breaks out, and are eventually cancelled altogether because of World War II.
  • 1938 – Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanta (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia)
  • 1940 – A doodlebug train in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio collides with a multi-car freight train heading the opposite way, killing 43 people.
  • 1941 – Holocaust: Under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring, orders SS General Reinhard Heydrich to “submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question.”
  • 1945 – Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
  • 1945 – John K. Giles attempts to escape from Alcatraz prison.
  • 1948 – At Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated.
  • 1951 – Japan Airlines is established.
  • 1954 – First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
  • 1956 – Jim Laker sets an extraordinary record at Old Trafford in the fourth Test of taking nineteen wickets in a first- class match (the previous best was seventeen).
  • 1961 – At Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts, the first All-Star Game tie in major league baseball history occurs when the game is stopped in the 9th inning because of rain.
  • 1964 – Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon, with images 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from earth-bound telescopes.
  • 1970 – Black Tot Day: The last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover.
  • 1972 – Northeast Airlines flies its last flight before being integrated into Delta Air Lines the next day.
  • 1973 – A Delta Air Lines jetliner crashes while landing in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, Massachusetts killing 89.
  • 1975 – In Detroit, Michigan, Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa is reported missing.
  • 1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 – NASA releases the famous Face on Mars photo.
  • 1981 – General Omar Torrijos of Panama dies in a plane crash.
  • 1981 – 42-day strike of Major League Baseball ends in the United States.
  • 1987 – A rare, class F-4 tornado rips through Edmonton, Alberta, killing 27 people and causing $330 million in damage.
  • 1988 – 32 people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Malaysia.
  • 1991 – The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai and kills 7 officers, 1 of severely wounded (after a head shot) becomes disabled.
  • 1992 – A Thai Airways Airbus A300-310 crashes into mountain north of Kathmandu, Nepal killing 113.
  • 1999 – Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector – NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon’s surface.
  • 2006 – Fidel Castro hands over power temporarily to brother Raúl Castro.
  • 2007 – Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end at midnight.

July 31 – Birthdays:

  • 1143 – Emperor Nijo of Japan (d. 1165)
  • 1396 – Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1467)
  • 1527 – Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1576)
  • 1598 – Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor and architect (d. 1654)
  • 1702 – Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary and painter (d. 1768)
  • 1704 – Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (d. 1752)
  • 1718 – John Canton, English physicist (d. 1772)
  • 1724 – Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (d. 1801)
  • 1737 – Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales (d. 1813)
  • 1803 – John Ericsson, Swedish inventor and engineer (d. 1889)
  • 1816 – George Henry Thomas, American general (d. 1870)
  • 1825 – William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1835 – Henri Brisson, French statesman (d. 1912)
  • 1835 – Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (d. 1903)
  • 1837 – William Quantrill, American Civil War rebel guerrilla leader (d. 1865)
  • 1843 – Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet (d. 1918)
  • 1858 – Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist (d. 1936)
  • 1860 – Mary Vaux Walcott, American artist and naturalist (d. 1940)
  • 1867 – Sebastian S. Kresge, American merchant and philanthropist (d. 1966)
  • 1880 – Munshi Premchand, Indian poet
  • 1883 – Fred Quimby, American film producer (d. 1965)
  • 1884 – Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German politician (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Hans Freyer, German sociologist (d. 1969)
  • 1892 – Joseph Charbonneau, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (d. 1959)
  • 1894 – Fred Keenor, Welsh footballer (d.1972)
  • 1901 – Jean Dubuffet, French painter and sculptor (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Brett Halliday, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 1911 – George Liberace, American musician (d. 1983)
  • 1912 – Bill Brown, Australian cricketer
  • 1912 – Milton Friedman, American economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Irv Kupcinet, American newspaper columnist (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Bryan Hextall, Canadian hockey player (d. 1984)
  • 1914 – Louis de Funès, French actor and comedian (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Billy Hitchcock, baseball player, coach, and official (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Bill Todman, American game show producer (d. 1979)
  • 1916 – Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist, and writer
  • 1918 – Paul D. Boyer, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1918 – Hank Jones, American pianist
  • 1919 – Curt Gowdy, American sports announcer (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Primo Levi, Italian author and chemist (d. 1987)
  • 1920 – James Esdras Faust, American religious leader (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Whitney Young, American civil rights activist (d. 1971)
  • 1921 – Peter Benenson, founder of Amnesty International (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Ahmet Ertegün, Turkish-born record company executive (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Don Murray, American actor
  • 1929 – José Santamaria, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1929 – Lynne Reid Banks, British author
  • 1930 – Oleg Popov, Russian clown
  • 1931 – Kenny Burrell, American guitarist
  • 1931 – Nick Bollettieri, American tennis coach
  • 1932 – Ted Cassidy, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1933 – Cees Nooteboom, Dutch writer
  • 1935 – Yvon Deschamps, French Canadian author, comedian and humorist
  • 1935 – Geoffrey Lewis, American actor
  • 1936 – Vic Davalillo, baseball player
  • 1939 – France Nuyen, French actress
  • 1941 – Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician
  • 1943 – William Bennett, 3 United States Secretary of Education
  • 1943 – Susan Flannery, American actress
  • 1943 – Lobo, American singer and songwriter
  • 1943 – Sab Shimono, Japanese American actor
  • 1944 – Geraldine Chaplin, American actress
  • 1944 – Jonathan Dimbleby, U.K. journalist and television presenter
  • 1944 – Robert C. Merton, Leading Scholar and Nobel Prize Winner
  • 1945 – Gary Lewis, American drummer and vocalist (Gary Lewis & the Playboys)
  • 1945 – William Weld, 68 Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1946 – Bob Welch, American musician
  • 1946 – Karen Zerby, current leader of Children of God
  • 1950 – Lane Davies, American actor
  • 1950 – Steve Miller, American writer
  • 1951 – Evonne Goolagong, Australian tennis player
  • 1951 – Barry Van Dyke, American actor
  • 1952 – Chris Ahrens, American ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Alan Autry, American football player, actor and politician
  • 1952 – Helmuts Balderis, Latvian hockey player
  • 1952 – João Barreiros, Portuguese writer
  • 1953 – James Read, American actor
  • 1954 – Derek Smith, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Michael Biehn, American actor
  • 1956 – Deval Patrick, current (71) Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1956 – Bill Callahan, American football coach
  • 1957 – Daniel Ash, British musician (Bauhaus)
  • 1957 – Leon Durham, American baseball player
  • 1957 – Dirk Blocker, American actor
  • 1958 – Bill Berry, American drummer (R.E.M.)
  • 1958 – Mark Cuban, American businessman, producer, and basketball team owner
  • 1959 – Stanley Jordan, American jazz guitarist
  • 1960 – Dale Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – John Chiang, American politician
  • 1962 – Kevin Greene, American football player
  • 1962 – Wesley Snipes, American actor
  • 1963 – Brian Skrudland, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Fatboy Slim, British musician
  • 1964 – Jim Corr, Irish singer and musician (The Corrs)
  • 1965 – Scott Brooks, American basketball player
  • 1965 – John Laurinaitis, American professional wrestler
  • 1965 – J. K. Rowling, British writer
  • 1966 – Dean Cain, American actor
  • 1967 – Minako Honda, Japanese singer and musical actress (d. 2005)
  • 1967 – Mitsuo Iwata, Japanese seiyu
  • 1969 – David Cash, American professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Loren Dean, American actor
  • 1969 – Kenneth D. Schisler, American politician
  • 1970 – Ahmad Akbarpour, Iranian writer
  • 1971 – Gus Frerotte, American football player
  • 1971 – John Lowery (John 5), American guitarist
  • 1973 – Chandra North, American supermodel
  • 1973 – Nathan Brown, Australian rugby league player. (now coach of the St George Illawarra  Dragons)
  • 1974 – Emilia Fox, English actress
  • 1974 – Jonathan Ogden, American football player
  • 1975 – Bloodshed American rapper (d. 1997)
  • 1975 – Randy Flores, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Simon Hirst, British radio DJ
  • 1975 – Mike Lincoln, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Allan von Schenkel, American musician
  • 1976 – Joshua Cain, American guitarist (Motion City Soundtrack)
  • 1976 – Annie Parisse, American actress
  • 1976 – Paulo Wanchope, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1977 – Tim Couch, American football player
  • 1978 – Will Champion, English drummer (Coldplay)
  • 1978 – Zeta Makripoulia, Greek actress, model and TV presenter
  • 1978 – Justin Wilson, English race car driver
  • 1979 – J. J. Furmaniak, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Per Krøldrup, Danish footballer
  • 1979 – Jade Kwan, Hong Kong singer
  • 1979 – Carlos Marchena, Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – B. J. Novak, American actor
  • 1980 – Mils Muliaina, New Zealand and Waikato rugby player
  • 1981 – Eric Lively, American actor
  • 1981 – J.Son Dinant, American Comedian
  • 1981 – Ira Losco, Maltese singer
  • 1981 – Matthew “M. Shadows” Sanders, American singer (Avenged Sevenfold)
  • 1982 – Blessing Mahwire, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986 – Evgeni Malkin, Russian hockey player
  • 1987 – Michael Bradley, American soccer player
  • 1989 – Victoria Azarenka, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1990 – Olga Galchenko, Russian juggler

July 31 – Deaths:

  • 1396 – William Courtenay, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1342)
  • 1508 – Na’od, Emperor of Ethiopia (killed in battle) (b. 1494)
  • 1556 – Ignatius Loyola, Spanish priest and founder of the Jesuits
  • 1653 – Thomas Dudley, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1576)
  • 1726 – Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1695)
  • 1750 – King John V of Portugal (b. 1689)
  • 1784 – Denis Diderot, French philosopher and encylopedist (b. 1713)
  • 1864 – Louis Hachette, French publisher (b. 1800)
  • 1875 – Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States (b. 1808)
  • 1886 – Franz Liszt, Hungarian composer (b. 1811)
  • 1914 – Jean Jaurès, French politician (d. 1859)
  • 1917 – Francis Ledwidge, Irish poet (b. 1881)
  • 1917 – Hedd Wyn (Ellis Humphrey Evans), Welsh poet (b. 1887)
  • 1944 – Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French pilot and writer (b. 1900)
  • 1953 – Robert Taft, U.S. Senator from Ohio and Presidential candidate (b. 1889)
  • 1943 – Hedley Verity, English Test cricketer (b. 1905)
  • 1954 – Onofre Marimón, Argentine racing driver (b. 1923)
  • 1964 – Jim Reeves, American singer (b. 1923)
  • 1966 – Bud Powell, American jazz pianist (b. 1924)
  • 1972 – Paul-Henri Spaak, Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Pascual Jordan, German physicist (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Mohd. Rafi, Indian playback singer (b. 1924)
  • 1986 – Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Teddy Wilson, American jazz pianist (b. 1912)
  • 1988 – Trinidad Silva, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 1990 – Albert Leduc, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1902)
  • 1993 – King Baudouin I of Belgium (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Poul Anderson, American author (b. 1926)
  • 2001 – Francisco da Costa Gomes, 16 President of Portugal (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Friedrich Franz, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Guido Crepax, Italian comics artist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Virginia Grey, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Laura Betti, Italian actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Wim Duisenberg, Dutch banker (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Paul Eells, “Voice of the Arkansas Razorbacks” sportscaster (b. 1935)

July 31 – Holidays:

  • Hari Pahlawan – Malaysian warrior’s day.
  • Ka Hae Hawai‘i – Hawaiian Flag Day.
  • Roman Catholicism:
    • Saint Germanus (d.448), bishop of Auxerre, confessor [Bruges; Paris]
    • Saint Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

On This Day in History July 30

July 30 – Events:

  • 1419 – First Defenestration of Prague.
  • 1502 – Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage.
  • 1608 – At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs. This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years.
  • 1619 – In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
  • 1629 – An earthquake in Naples, Italy kills 10,000 people.
  • 1729 – Baltimore, Maryland is founded.
  • 1733 – First Freemasons lodge opened in what will become the United States.
  • 1756 – Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers.
  • 1825 – Malden Island discovered.
  • 1863 – Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of the Crater – Union forces attempt to break Confederate lines by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
  • 1866 – New Orleans’s Democratic government ordered police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
  • 1871 – The Staten Island Ferry Westfield’s boiler explodes, killing over 85 people.
  • 1930 – In Montevideo, Uruguay win the first Football World Cup.
  • 1932 – Olympic Games: The Games of the X Olympiad open in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1932 – Walt Disney’s Flowers and Trees, the first Academy Award winning cartoon and first cartoon short to use Technicolor, premieres.
  • 1945 – World War II: Japanese submarine I-58 sinks the USS Indianapolis (CA-35), killing 883 seamen.
  • 1953 – Rikidozan holds a ceremony announcing the establishment of the Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance.
  • 1954 – Elvis Presley makes his debut as a public performer.
  • 1956 – A Joint resolution of the U.S. Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing “In God We Trust” as the U.S. national motto.
  • 1965 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
  • 1966 – England national football team win 1966 FIFA World Cup beating West Germany 4-2 in the Final.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: US President Richard M. Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and meets with President Nguyen Van Thieu and with U.S. military commanders.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 15 Mission – David Scott and James Irwin on Apollo Lunar Module module, Falcon, land with first Lunar Rover on the moon.
  • 1971 – An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collide over Morioka, Japan killing 162.
  • 1974 – Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1975 – Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He is never seen or heard from again.
  • 1980 – Vanuatu gains independence.
  • 1990 – The first Saturn automobile rolls off the assembly line.
  • 1997 – Eighteen lives are lost in the Thredbo Landslide in New South Wales, Australia.
  • 2002 – The law referred to as “The Sarbanes Oxley Act” was signed into law by United States President George W. Bush.
  • 2003 – In Mexico, the last ‘old style’ Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line.
  • 2006 – World’s longest running music show Top of the Pops broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years.
  • 2007 – John Brumby becomes Premier of Victoria following the resignation of Steve Bracks.

July 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1511 – Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and architect (d. 1574)
  • 1549 – Ferdinando I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1609)
  • 1641 – Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1673)
  • 1751 – Maria Anna Mozart, Austriaan musician (d. 1829)
  • 1763 – Samuel Rogers, English author (d. 1855)
  • 1818 – Emily Brontë, English novelist (d. 1848)
  • 1825 – Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (d. 1893)
  • 1855 – Georg Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1919)
  • 1857 – Thorstein Veblen, American economist (d. 1929)
  • 1859 – Henry Simpson Lunn, English humanitarian (d. 1939)
  • 1863 – Henry Ford, American industrialist (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – Princess Clémentine of Belgium (d. 1955)
  • 1881 – Smedley Butler, American Marine general (d. 1940)
  • 1889 – Vladimir Zworykin, Russian physicist (d. 1982)
  • 1890 – Casey Stengel, American baseball manager (d. 1975)
  • 1893 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation (d. 1967)
  • 1895 – Wanda Hawley, American actress (d. 1963)
  • 1898 – Henry Moore, English sculptor (d. 1986)
  • 1899 – Gerald Moore, English pianist (d. 1987)
  • 1901 – Alfred Lépine, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1955)
  • 1904 – Salvador Novo, Mexican writer (d. 1974)
  • 1909 – C. Northcote Parkinson, English historian (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Edgar de Evia, American photographer (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Lord Killanin, Irish IOC president (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Dick Wilson, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Berniece Baker Miracle, half-sister of Marilyn Monroe
  • 1921 – Grant Johannesen, American pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Henry W. Bloch, American co-founder of H&R Block
  • 1925 – Alexander Trocchi, Scottish writer (d. 1984)
  • 1925 – Jacques Sernas, French actor
  • 1926 – Christine McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
  • 1927 – Victor Wong, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Eunice Muñoz, Portuguese actress
  • 1928 – Joe Nuxhall, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Sid Krofft, Canadian children’s television producer
  • 1933 – Edd Byrnes, American actor
  • 1934 – Bud Selig, American Commissioner of Baseball
  • 1935 – Ted Rogers, English comedian and game show host (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Buddy Guy, American blues guitarist and singer
  • 1936 – Infanta Pilar of Spain
  • 1938 – Hervé de Charette, French politician
  • 1939 – Peter Bogdanovich, American film director
  • 1939 – Eleanor Smeal, American feminist
  • 1940 – Pat Schroeder, American politician
  • 1940 – Sir Clive Sinclair, English entrepreneur and inventor
  • 1941 – Paul Anka, Canadian singer and composer
  • 1943 – Henri-François Gautrin, Quebec politician
  • 1945 – David Sanborn, American saxophonist
  • 1946 – Neil Bonnett, American race car driver (d. 1994)
  • 1947 – William Atherton, American actor
  • 1947 – Jonathan Mann, AIDS activist (d. 1998)
  • 1947 – Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-born American actor, bodybuilder, and 38th Governor of  California
  • 1948 – Jean Reno, Moroccan-born French actor
  • 1949 – Duck Baker, American guitarist
  • 1950 – Frank Stallone, American singer and actor
  • 1954 – Ken Olin, American actor
  • 1956 – Delta Burke, American actress
  • 1956 – Réal Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Anita Hill, American author
  • 1957 – Clint Hurdle, American baseball player and manager
  • 1957 – Nery Pumpido, Argentine soccer player
  • 1957 – Rat Scabies, English drummer (The Damned)
  • 1958 – Kate Bush, English singer/songwriter
  • 1958 – Daley Thompson, English decathlete
  • 1961 – Laurence Fishburne, American actor
  • 1961 – Richard Linklater, American filmmaker
  • 1962 – Alton Brown, American television host and chef
  • 1962 – Jay Feaster, American National Hockey League executive
  • 1963 – Lisa Kudrow, American actress
  • 1963 – Chris Mullin, American basketball player
  • 1964 – Vivica A. Fox, American actress
  • 1964 – Jürgen Klinsmann, German soccer player and manager
  • 1964 – Alek Keshishian, Lebanese-born American film director
  • 1968 – Robert Korzeniowski, Polish athlete
  • 1968 – Sean Moore, Welsh drummer (Manic Street Preachers)
  • 1969 – Simon Baker, American actor
  • 1970 – Christopher Nolan, English film director
  • 1971 – Tom Green, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1971 – Christine Taylor, American actress
  • 1971 – Sagi Kalev, Bodybuilder
  • 1973 – Markus Naslund, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Sonu Nigam, Indian singer/actor
  • 1974 – Hilary Swank, American actress
  • 1974 – Radostin Kishishev, Bulgarian soccer player
  • 1974 – Jason Robinson, English dual-code rugby player
  • 1975 – Graham Nicholls, English artist
  • 1975 – Cherie Priest, American writer
  • 1977 – Jaime Pressly, American actress
  • 1977 – Ian Watkins, Welsh singer (Lostprophets)
  • 1978 – James Branaman, American model and reality show contestant
  • 1979 – Carlos Arroyo, Puerto Rican basketball player
  • 1979 – Graeme McDowell, Northern Irish golfer
  • 1980 – James Anderson, English cricketer
  • 1980 – Sara Anzanello, Italian volleyball player
  • 1980 – Chuck Thomas, British TV producer / presenter
  • 1981 – Nicky Hayden, American motorcycle racer
  • 1981 – Juan Smith, South African rugby player
  • 1982 – Yvonne Strahovski, Australian actress
  • 1983 – Sean Dillon, Irish soccer player
  • 1984 – Gabrielle Christian, American actress
  • 1984 – Kevin Pittsnogle, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Daniel Fredheim Holm, Norwegian soccer player
  • 1987 – Elise Estrada, Canadian pop Singer
  • 1990 – Destin Alexandra Underwood, Master of Disguise
  • 2002 – Prince Hridayendra of Nepal, Nepalese royal

July 30 – Deaths:

  • 578 – Jacob Baradaeus, Bishop of Edessa
  • 579 – Pope Benedict I
  • 1540 – Thomas Abel, English priest (martyred)
  • 1540 – Robert Barnes, English churchman (martyred) (b. 1495)
  • 1550 – Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, English politician (b. 1505)
  • 1652 – Charles Amédée de Savoie, 6th Duc de Nemours, French soldier (b. 1624)
  • 1680 – Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory, Irish naval commander (b. 1634)
  • 1683 – Maria Theresa of Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France (b. 1638)
  • 1691 – Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)
  • 1718 – William Penn, English founder of the Province of Pennsylvania (b. 1644)
  • 1771 – Thomas Gray, English poet and letter-writer (b. 1716)
  • 1811 – Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican patriot and Independence leader (b. 1753)
  • 1875 – George Pickett, American Confederate general (b. 1825)
  • 1898 – Otto von Bismarck, 1st Chancellor of the German Empire (b. 1815)
  • 1900 – Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1844)
  • 1912 – Emperor Meiji, Japanese emperor (b. 1852)
  • 1918 – Joyce Kilmer, American poet (b. 1886)
  • 1930 – Joan Gamper, Swiss-Catalan businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (b. 1877)
  • 1947 – Joseph Cook, 6th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1860)
  • 1965 – Jun’ichiro Tanizaki, Japanese author (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – George Szell, Hungarian conductor (b. 1897)
  • 1971 – Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Roberta Pedon, American glamour model (b. 1954)
  • 1983 – Howard Dietz, American lyricist (b. 1896)
  • 1983 – Lynn Fontanne, English actress (b. 1887)
  • 1985 – Julia Hall Bowman Robinson, American mathematician (b. 1919)
  • 1989 – Lane Frost, American bull rider (b. 1963)
  • 1992 – Joe Shuster, Canadian comic book artist (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – Brenda Marshall, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – Claudette Colbert, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1998 – Buffalo Bob Smith, American television host (Howdy Doody) (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Andre Noble, Canadian actor (b. 1979)
  • 2005 – Ray Cunningham, American baseball player (b. 1905)
  • 2005 – John Garang, Vice President of Sudan (b. 1945)
  • 2005 – Anthony Walker, English hate crime murder victim (b. 1987)
  • 2006 – Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordionist (b. 1904)
  • 2006 – Al Balding, Canadian golfer (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Teoctist, Ex-Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Ingmar Bergman, Swedish stage and film director (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Bill Walsh, American football coach (b. 1931)

July 30 – Holidays:

  • Vanuatu – Independence Day (formerly Anglo-French condominium of the New Hebrides).
  • Roman Catholicism:
    • Saints Abdon and Sennen
    • Saint Peter Chrysologus, bishop, Doctor of the Church (died 450)
    • Saint Ursus, bishop of Auxerre, confessor

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized