On This Day in History July 9

July 9 – Events:

  • 455 – Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 1357 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
  • 1540 – Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
  • 1541 – Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to assist the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire.
  • 1755 – French and Indian War: Braddock Expedition – British troops and colonial militiamen are ambushed and suffer a devastating defeat by French and Native American forces.
  • 1789 – In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
  • 1790 – Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund -In the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet.
  • 1793 – Act Against Slavery passed in Upper Canada and importation of slaves into Lower Canada is prohibited.
  • 1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1815 – Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain.
  • 1846 – By an Act of Congress, the Washington, DC area south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia.
  • 1850 – President Zachary Taylor dies and Millard Fillmore becomes the 13th President of the United States.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Port Hudson ends.
  • 1867 – An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young set out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish Missionary and explorer).
  • 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified guaranteeing black Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
  • 1875 – The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • 1900 – Queen Victoria gives royal assent to an act creating the Commonwealth of Australia thus uniting separate colonies on the continent under one federal government.
  • 1918 – Great train wreck of 1918: In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express killing 101 and injuring 171 people, making it the deadliest rail accident in United States history.
  • 1921 – Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar delivered his famous speech at Khilafat Conference, Karachi.
  • 1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking a world swimming record and the ‘minute barrier.’
  • 1943 – World War II: Operation Husky – Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Normandy – British and Canadian forces capture Caen, France.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan – Americans take Saipan.
  • 1955 – The Russell-Einstein Manifesto was released by Bertrand Russell in London.
  • 1975 – The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that will pave way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system.
  • 1979 – A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed “Nazi hunters” Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.
  • 1981 – Senegalese political parties Party of Independence and Work (PIT) and Democratic League – Movement for the Labour Party (LD-MPT) legally recognized.
  • 1982 – A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 759 crashes in Kenner, Louisiana killing all 146 people on board and eight others on the ground.
  • 1984 – York Minster was struck by a lightning bolt, the resulting fire rampaged through most of the building. However, the cathedral valuables were rescued by clergymen and the “Rose Window” was not affected.
  • 1986 – The New Zealand Parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Act legalizing homosexuality in New Zealand.
  • 1989 – Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.
  • 1991 – South Africa is reintroduced into the Olympic movement after 30 years of exclusion.
  • 1999 – Days of student protests begins after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory of University of Tehran.
  • 2002 – The African Union was established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman was Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
  • 2006 – At least 122 people are killed after a Sibir Airlines Airbus A310 passenger jet, carrying 200 passengers on board veers off the runway while landing at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia in wet conditions.

July 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1571)
  • 1577 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English Jamestown colonist (d. 1618)
  • 1578 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1637)
  • 1654 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (d. 1732)
  • 1686 – Philip Livingston, American politician (d. 1749)
  • 1689 – Alexis Piron, French writer (d. 1773)
  • 1721 – Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (d. 1781)
  • 1753 – William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
  • 1764 – Ann Radcliffe, English writer (d. 1823)
  • 1775 – Matthew Lewis, English novelist (d. 1818)
  • 1786 – Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France (d. 1787)
  • 1800 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (d. 1885)
  • 1808 – Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (d. 1887)
  • 1819 – Elias Howe, American inventor (d. 1867)
  • 1828 – Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman (d. 1913)
  • 1836 – Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
  • 1836 – Camille de Renesse, Belgian count (d. 1904)
  • 1848 – Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
  • 1858 – Franz Boas, German anthropologist (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer (d. 1936)
  • 1879 – Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (d. 1934)
  • 1889 – Leo Dandurand, American-born Canadian hockey executive (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – George Geary, English cricketer (d. 1981)
  • 1894 – Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1901 – Dame Barbara Cartland, English novelist (d. 2000)
  • 1905 – Clarence Campbell, Canadian hockey executive (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1911 – Mervyn Peake, British writer and illustrator (d. 1968)
  • 1911 – John A. Wheeler, American physicist
  • 1915 – David Diamond, American composer (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Sir Dean Goffin, New Zealand composer (d. 1984)
  • 1916 – Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Jarl Wahlström, the 12th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1999)
  • 1925 – Guru Dutt, legendary Bollywood director, producer and actor
  • 1926 – Ben Roy Mottelson, American-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Ed Ames, American singer and actor
  • 1927 – Susan Cabot, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1927 – Red Kelly, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1928 – Federico Bahamontes, Spanish cyclist
  • 1928 – Vince Edwards, American actor, director and singer (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – King Hassan II of Morocco, (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Lee Hazlewood, American country singer, songwriter and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Jesse McReynolds, American singer and mandolinist
  • 1930 – Buddy Bregman, American musical arranger and conductor
  • 1930 – Roy McLean, South African cricketer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Donald Rumsfeld, 13th & 21st United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1935 – Wim Duisenberg, Dutch economist and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Michael Williams, English actor (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Floyd Abrams, First Amendment attorney and advocate
  • 1936 – June Jordan, American writer and teacher (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Andre Pronovost, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1937 – David Hockney, English artist
  • 1938 – Brian Dennehy, American actor
  • 1942 – Richard Roundtree, American actor
  • 1942 – Edy Williams, American actress
  • 1943 – John Casper, astronaut
  • 1945 – Dean R. Koontz, American author
  • 1945 – Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (d. 1993)
  • 1946 – Natasha Pyne, English actress
  • 1946 – Bon Scott, Australian singer (AC/DC) (d. 1980)
  • 1947 – Haruomi Hosono, Japanese musician
  • 1947 – Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (Jimi Hendrix Experience)
  • 1947 – O.J. Simpson, American football player and actor
  • 1948 – Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian current foreign minister
  • 1950 – Viktor Yanukovych, Prime Minister of Ukraine
  • 1951 – Chris Cooper, American actor
  • 1952 – John Tesh, American composer
  • 1953 – Thomas Ligotti, American author
  • 1953 – Margie Gillis, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1955 – Fred Norris, American radio personality
  • 1955 – Jimmy Smits, American actor
  • 1955 – Willie Wilson, American baseball player
  • 1955 – Steve Coppell, English football player and manager
  • 1956 – Marc Almond, British singer
  • 1956 – Tom Hanks, American actor
  • 1957 – Kelly McGillis, American actress
  • 1957 – Tim Kring, American writer and producer
  • 1959 – Jim Kerr, Scottish singer (Simple Minds)
  • 1959 – Kevin Nash, American professional wrestler
  • 1959 – Clive Stafford Smith, British human rights lawyer
  • 1960 – Marc Mero, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Courtney Love, American musician
  • 1964 – Gianluca Vialli, Italian football player
  • 1965 – Frank Bello, American musician (Anthrax)
  • 1965 – David O’Hara, Irish-Scottish actor
  • 1965 – Jason Rhoades, American installation artist (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Gunnar Axén, Swedish politician
  • 1968 – Paolo Di Canio, Italian football player
  • 1968 – Lars Gyllenhaal, Swedish author
  • 1969 – Jason Kearton, Australian former footballer
  • 1969 – Mark Lui, Hong Kong composer and producer
  • 1970 – Trent Green, American footballer
  • 1970 – Masami Tsuda, manga author
  • 1971 – Marc Andreessen, American software developer
  • 1971 – Dani Behr, Model & TV Presenter
  • 1973 – Kelly Holcomb, American football player
  • 1974 – Nikola Sarcevic, Swedish bassist and singer (Millencolin)
  • 1975 – Jack White, American musician (The White Stripes}
  • 1975 – Shelton Benjamin, American professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Fred Savage, American actor
  • 1976 – Jochem Uytdehaage, Dutch speed skater
  • 1977 – Isaac Brock, American musician
  • 1978 – Linda Park, Korean-born actress
  • 1978 – Mark Medlock, German singer
  • 1979 – Ella Koon, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1979 – Suzanne Stokes American model, (Playmate of the Month February 2000)
  • 1981 – Kimveer Gill, Canadian spree shooter (Dawson College shooting) (d. 2006)
  • 1982 – Ashly DelGrosso, American ballroom dancer
  • 1982 – Alecko Eskandarian, Armenian-American footballer
  • 1982 – Maggie Ma, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Sakon Yamamoto, Japanese race car driver
  • 1983 – Lucia Micarelli, American musician
  • 1984 – Jacob Hoggard, singer of Canadian band Hedley
  • 1985 – Ashley Young, English footballer
  • 1986 – Kiely Williams, American singer and actress
  • 1991 – Mitchel Musso, American actor
  • 1994 – Akiane Kramarik, American painter and poet
  • 1995 – Georgie Henley, English actress

July 9 – Deaths:

  • 518 – Anastasius I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 430)
  • 1228 – Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1386 – Leopold III of Austria (b. 1351)
  • 1553 – Maurice, Elector of Saxony (b. 1521)
  • 1654 – Ferdinand IV of Germany (b. 1633)
  • 1706 – Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville, French Canadian sailor and explorer (b. 1661)
  • 1737 – Gian Gastone de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1671)
  • 1742 – John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
  • 1746 – Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
  • 1747 – Giovanni Bononcini, Italian composer (b. 1670)
  • 1766 – Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (b. 1720)
  • 1795 – Henry Seymour Conway, British general and statesman (b. 1721)
  • 1797 – Edmund Burke, British philosopher and statesman (b. 1729)
  • 1850 – Báb, Persian founder of the Bábi Faith (b. 1819)
  • 1850 – Zachary Taylor, 12th President of the United States (b. 1784)
  • 1852 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American politician (b. 1794)
  • 1855 – Lord Raglan Commander of the British forces during the Crimean War
  • 1856 – Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist (b. 1776)
  • 1856 – James Strang, Mormon splinter group leader (b. 1813)
  • 1880 – Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
  • 1882 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero
  • 1903 – Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist (b. 1842)
  • 1927 – John Drew Jr., American actor (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – King C. Gillette, American inventor (b. 1885)
  • 1937 – Oliver Law, first African-American commander of U.S. troops (b. 1899)
  • 1938 – Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (b. 1870)
  • 1947 – Lucjan Zeligowski, Polish general (b. 1865)
  • 1949 – Fritz Bennicke Hart, English-born Australian composer (b. 1874)
  • 1951 – Harry Heilmann, American Baseball player (b. 1894)
  • 1955 – Don Beauman, British racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1967 – Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (b. 1874)
  • 1972 – Robert Weede, American baritone (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – Earl Warren, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and lyricist (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish founder of Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – Eric Sevareid, American reporter (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Bill Mosienko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – Melvin Belli, American attorney (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Robert de Cotret, Canadian politician (b. 1944)
  • 2000 – Doug Fisher, English actor (b. 1941)
  • 2002 – Laurence Janifer, American writer (b. 1933)
  • 2002 – Rod Steiger, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Chuck Cadman, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Paul Klebnikov, American journalist (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Isabel Sanford, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Yevgenij Grishin, Russian speed skater (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Milan Williams, American musician (The Commodores) (b. 1948)
  • 2007 – Charles Lane, American actor (b. 1905)

July 9 – Holidays:

  • Roman festival – Caprotinia, or feasts of Juno Caprotina.
  • Argentina – Independence Day.
  • São Paulo (state) – Constitutional Revolution of 1932.
  • Palau – Constitution Day.

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On This Day in History July 8

July 8 – Events:

  • 1099 – First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
  • 1283 – War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta
  • 1497 – Vasco da Gama sets sail on first direct European voyage to India.
  • 1579 – Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
  • 1663 – Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.
  • 1680 – The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1709 – Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava: Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava thus effectively ending Sweden’s role as a major power in Europe.
  • 1716 – Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen
  • 1758 – French forces hold Fort Carillon against British at Ticonderoga, New York.
  • 1760 – French and Indian War: Battle of Restigouche – British defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.
  • 1775 – The Olive Branch Petition is adopted by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.
  • 1776 – The Declaration of Independence was read aloud in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1822 – Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
  • 1859 – King Charles XV / Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1864 – The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi’s planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya, this event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • 1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.
  • 1889 – The first issue of the Wall Street Journal is published.
  • 1892 – St. John’s, Newfoundland was devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
  • 1896 – William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetalism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
  • 1898 – The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
  • 1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, bottoming out at 41.22.
  • 1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico.
  • 1966 – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi was deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
  • 1969 – IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.
  • 1977 – The ashes of Ahn Eak-tai, a Korean composer and conductor, were transferred from the island of Majorca to the Korean National Cemetery.
  • 1982 – Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized.
  • 1992 – Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities.
  • 1997 – NATO invites the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to join the alliance in 1999.
  • 1999 – Allen Lee Davis is executed by electrocution by the state of Florida, the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in Florida.
  • 2003 – Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old child.

July 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1528 – Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (d. 1580)
  • 1545 – Don Carlos of Spain (d. 1568)
  • 1593 – Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter (d. 1653)
  • 1621 – Jean de la Fontaine, French writer (d. 1695)
  • 1760 – Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
  • 1766 – Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1792 – Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1819 – Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
  • 1830 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • 1830 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)
  • 1836 – Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (d. 1914)
  • 1838 – Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin, German inventor (d. 1917)
  • 1839 – John D. Rockefeller, American businessman (d. 1937)
  • 1851 – Arthur Evans, English archaeologist (d. 1941)
  • 1857 – Alfred Binet, French psychologist (d. 1911)
  • 1867 – Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (d. 1945)
  • 1878 – Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Percy Grainger, Australian composer (d. 1961)
  • 1885 – Ernst Bloch, German philosopher (d. 1977)
  • 1892 – Richard Aldington, English poet (d. 1962)
  • 1892 – Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1895 – Igor Tamm, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1898 – Melville Ruick, American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Henri Cartan, French mathematician
  • 1905 – Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Philip Johnson, American architect (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – George W. Romney, American businessman and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Louis Jordan, American saxophonist (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Nelson A. Rockefeller, 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)
  • 1914 – Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • 1914 – Billy Eckstine, American jazz singer (d. 1993)
  • 1917 – Faye Emerson, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1918 – Craig Stevens, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Walter Scheel, German politician
  • 1920 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish industrialist (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Harrison Dillard, American athlete
  • 1924 – Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Maurice Hayes, Irish politician
  • 1932 – Jerry Vale, American singer
  • 1933 – Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Antonio Lamer, French Canadian lawyer and chief justice
  • 1934 – Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician
  • 1935 – Steve Lawrence, American entertainer and singer
  • 1935 – Vitali Sevastyanov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1941 – Dario Gradi, Italian-born football manager
  • 1942 – Phil Gramm, American politician
  • 1944 – Jai Johanny Johanson, American musician (The Allman Brothers Band)
  • 1944 – Jeffrey Tambor, American actor
  • 1945 – Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss female politician, president in 2007
  • 1947 – Kim Darby, American actress
  • 1947 – Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
  • 1948 – Raffi, Canadian children’s entertainer
  • 1949 – Frank Delima, American comedian
  • 1949 – Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef
  • 1951 – Anjelica Huston, American actress
  • 1952 – Jack Lambert, American football player
  • 1952 – Anna Quindlen, American columnist
  • 1955 – Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress
  • 1956 – Terry Puhl, Canadian baseball player
  • 1957 – Aleksandr Gurnov, Russian television personality
  • 1957 – Carlos Cavazo, American musician (Quiet Riot)
  • 1958 – Kevin Bacon, American actor
  • 1958 – Neetu Singh, Indian Actress
  • 1958 – Andreas Carlgren, Swedish politician
  • 1959 – Robert Knepper, American actor
  • 1960 – Mal Meninga, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1961 – Toby Keith, American singer
  • 1961 – Andrew Fletcher, English musician (Depeche Mode)
  • 1962 – Joan Osborne, American singer and songwriter
  • 1964 – Linda de Mol, Dutch actress and host
  • 1967 – Jordan Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1968 – Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu
  • 1968 – Billy Crudup, American actor
  • 1968 – Michael Weatherly, American actor
  • 1969 – Sugizo Japanese guitarist and singer
  • 1970 – Beck, American singer
  • 1972 – Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
  • 1972 – Karl Dykhuis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Shosuke Tanihara, Japanese actor
  • 1973 – Kathleen Robertson, Canadian actress
  • 1974 – Zhanna Friske, Russian actress and singer
  • 1974 – Tami Erin, American actress and model
  • 1976 – Talal El Karkouri, Moroccan footballer
  • 1977 – Wang Zhizhi, Chinese basketball player
  • 1977 – Milo Ventimiglia, American actor
  • 1980 – Robbie Keane, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Anastasia Myskina, Russian tennis player
  • 1982 – Hakim Warrick, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Joshua Alba, American actor
  • 1982 – Sophia Bush, American actress
  • 1983 – Jaroslav Janiš, Czech racing car driver
  • 1983 – Elizabeth Del Mar, American pornographic actress
  • 1984 – Alexis Dziena, American actress
  • 1985 – Jamie Cook, Guitarist for Arctic Monkeys
  • 1986 – Renata Costa, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Vlada Roslyakova, Russian supermodel
  • 1998 – Jaden Smith, American actor

July 8 – Deaths:

  • 810 – Pepin, King of Italy (b. 773)
  • 975 – King Edgar of England
  • 1153 – Pope Eugene III
  • 1538 – Diego de Almagro, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
  • 1623 – Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554)
  • 1689 – Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
  • 1695 – Christiaan Huygens, Dutch scientist (b. 1629)
  • 1716 – Robert South, English churchman (b. 1634)
  • 1721 – Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)
  • 1726 – John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
  • 1784 – Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
  • 1822 – Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (b. 1792)
  • 1826 – Luther Martin, American statesman (b. 1748)
  • 1850 – Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
  • 1855 – Sir William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer (b. 1790)
  • 1859 – King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (b. 1799)
  • 1895 – Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
  • 1898 – Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
  • 1905 – Walter Kittredge, American musician (b. 1834)
  • 1913 – Louis Hémon, French-born writer (b. 1880)
  • 1917 – Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
  • 1930 – Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1856)
  • 1933 – Anthony Hope, British author (b. 1863)
  • 1934 – Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Havelock Ellis, British physician (b. 1859)
  • 1941 – Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
  • 1943 – Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader (b. 1899)
  • 1950 – Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1956 – Giovanni Papini, Italian essayist (b. 1881)
  • 1957 – Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (b. 1879)
  • 1967 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation (b. 1893)
  • 1967 – Vivien Leigh, English actress (b. 1913)
  • 1971 – Charlie Shavers, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1920)
  • 1973 – Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1979 – Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Robert B. Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1979 – Michael Wilding, English actor (b. 1912)
  • 1981 – Wild Bill Hallahan, American baseball player (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Ray Barbuti, American athlete (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Howard Duff, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – James Franciscus, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1994 – Kim Il-sung, North Korean leader (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Dick Sargent, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Pete Conrad, American astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – John O’Shea, New Zealand film director (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Ward Kimball, American animator (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)
  • 2004 – Jean Lefebvre, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – June Allyson, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Peter Hawkins, British actor/voice actor (b. 1924)

July 8 – Holidays:

  • Annual Soapy Smith wake, held each year in Skagway, Alaska in the Gold Rush Cemetery and in Hollywood, California at the Magic Castle

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On This Day in History July 7

July 7 – Events:

  • 1456 – A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.
  • 1534 – European colonization of the Americas: First known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick.
  • 1543 – French troops invade Luxembourg.
  • 1585 – Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
  • 1798 – Quasi-War: The U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the ‘war.’
  • 1799 – Ranjit Singh’s men take up their positions outside Lahore.
  • 1807 – Napoleonic Wars: Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the Fourth Coalition.
  • 1846 – Mexican-American War: American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the United States conquest of California.
  • 1863 – United States begins first military draft; exemptions cost $100
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Four conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln were hanged.
  • 1892 – Katipunan: The Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia.
  • 1898 – President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.
  • 1915 – World War I: End of First Battle of the Isonzo.
  • 1915 – A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashed near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.
  • 1917 – Russian Revolution: Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov forms Provisional Government in Russia after the deposing of the Tsar Nicholas II.
  • 1930 – Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam).
  • 1937 – Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge – Japanese forces invade Beijing, China.
  • 1941 – World War II: American forces land in Iceland to forestall an invasion by Germany.
  • 1941 – World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.
  • 1946 – Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized.
  • 1946 – Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
  • 1947 – Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident.
  • 1954 – Formation of the TANU in Tanzania
  • 1956 – Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
  • 1958 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
  • 1959 – 14:28 UT Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event was used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.
  • 1967 – Beginning of the civil war in Biafra.
  • 1969 – In Canada, the Official Languages Act is adopted making the French language equal to the English language throughout the Federal government.
  • 1974 – West Germany wins 1974 FIFA World Cup.
  • 1978 – The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1980 – Institution of sharia in Iran.
  • 1983 – Cold War: Samantha Smith, a U.S. schoolgirl, flies to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Secretary General Yuri Andropov.
  • 1991 – Yugoslav Wars: Brioni Agreement ended ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 1994 – Aden is secured by troops from North Yemen, completing the reunification of Yemen.
  • 2002 – A scandal broke out in the United Kingdom when news reports alleged MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader.
  • 2003 – The United Communist Party of Armenia was formed.
  • 2005 – A series of four terrorist explosions occur on London’s transport system killing 56 people, including four suicide bombers.
  • 2007 – Pope Benedict XVI issues the Summorum Pontificum, removing restrictions on celebrating the old Latin Mass.
  • 2007 – Worldwide performances by charity event Live Earth.

July 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1053 – Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)
  • 1119 – Emperor Sutoku of Japan (d. 1164)
  • 1528 – Anna of Austria, Duchess of Bavaria, daughter of Ferdinand I (d. 1590)
  • 1586 – Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English statesman (d. 1646)
  • 1656 – Guru Har Krishan, 8th Guru of Sikhism (d. 1664)
  • 1746 – Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (d. 1826)
  • 1752 – Joseph-Marie Jacquard, French inventor (d. 1834)
  • 1766 – Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (d. 1815)
  • 1843 – Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and Nobel laureate (d. 1926)
  • 1848 – Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Brazilian politician (d. 1919)
  • 1851 – Charles Tindley, American Gospel Music Composer (d. 1933)
  • 1855 – Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920)
  • 1860 – Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (d. 1911)
  • 1874 – Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • 1884 – Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Marc Chagall, Russian painter (d. 1985)
  • 1891 – Virginia Rappe, Silent Film Actress(d. 1921)
  • 1893 – Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
  • 1899 – George Cukor, American director (d. 1983)
  • 1900 – Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • 1901 – Vittorio De Sica, Italian director (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Sam Katzman, American film producer (d. 1973)
  • 1901 – Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese film producer (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Ted “Double Duty” Radcliffe, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1904 – Simone Beck, French chef (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – William Feller, Croatian mathematician (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Satchel Paige, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • 1906 – Anton Karas, Viennese musician (d. 1985)
  • 1907 – Robert A. Heinlein, American writer (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Revilo P. Oliver, American professor (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Gian Carlo Menotti, Italian-born composer (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Margaret Abigail Walker Alexander, African American Novelist and poet (d. 1998)
  • 1917 – Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadorian politician (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Jon Pertwee, British actor (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Adolf von Thadden, German politician (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Ezzard Charles, American boxer (d. 1975)
  • 1922 – Pierre Cardin, French fashion designer
  • 1924 – Mary Ford, American singer (d. 1977)
  • 1929 – Hasan Abidi, Pakistani journalist and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Doc Severinsen, American composer and musician
  • 1930 – Henry (Hank) Mobley, American Jazz composer and saxophonist (d. 1986)
  • 1931 – David Eddings, American author
  • 1932 – Josef Zawinul, Austrian composer and musician (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Murray Halberg, New Zealand runner
  • 1933 – David McCullough, American historian and author
  • 1936 – Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer (d. 1980)
  • 1936 – Jo Siffert, Swiss race car driver (d.1971)
  • 1937 – Tung Chee-Hwa, Hong Kong administrator
  • 1940 – Ringo Starr, English drummer and singer (The Beatles)
  • 1941 – Michael Howard, British politician
  • 1941 – Bill Oddie, English comedian and ornithologist
  • 1942 – Carmen Duncan, Australian actress
  • 1943 – Toto Cutugno, Italian singer
  • 1943 – Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Michael Ancram, British politician
  • 1947 – Howard Rheingold, American author
  • 1947 – Rob Townsend, English drummer (Family)
  • 1947 – Víctor Manuel, Spanish songwriter and singer
  • 1948 – Jean Leclerc, French-Canadian actor
  • 1949 – Shelley Duvall, American actress
  • 1952 – Mando Guerrero, Mexican professional wrestler
  • 1955 – Len Barker, American baseball player
  • 1957 – Jonathan Dayton, American film director
  • 1957 – Berry Sakharof, Turkish-born Israeli guitarist (Minimal Compact)
  • 1959 – Jessica Hahn, American model
  • 1959 – Ben Linder, American engineer (d. 1987)
  • 1960 – Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut
  • 1963 – Vonda Shepard, American singer
  • 1965 – Paula Devicq, Canadian actress
  • 1965 – Mo Collins, American actress
  • 1965 – Jeremy Kyle, English television presenter
  • 1966 – Gundula Krause, German folk violinist
  • 1966 – Neil Tobin, American magician
  • 1967 – Tom Kristensen, Danish race car driver
  • 1967 – Jackie Neal, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1968 – Jorja Fox, American actress
  • 1968 – Jeff VanderMeer, American writer
  • 1969 – Sylke Otto, German luger
  • 1969 – Joe Sakic, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Nathalie Simard, French Canadian singer
  • 1969 – Cree Summer, Canadian voice actress
  • 1969 – Robin Weigert, American actress
  • 1970 – Wayne McCullough, Irish boxer
  • 1970 – Erik Zabel, German cyclist
  • 1970 – Robia LaMorte, American actress and dancer
  • 1971 – Alistair Potts, British rower
  • 1972 – Lisa Leslie, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Manfred Stohl, Austrian rally driver
  • 1973 – José Jiménez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1974 – Karlis Skrastinš, Latvian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Patrick Lalime, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Natsuki Takaya, Japanese manga-ka
  • 1975 – Tony Benshoof, American luger
  • 1975 – Michael Voss, Australian rules footballer
  • 1976 – Dominic Foley, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Anastasios Gousis, Greek sprinter
  • 1979 – Carl Breeze, British racing driver
  • 1979 – Gucci Mane African American rapper
  • 1980 – John Buck, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Deidre Downs, American beauty queen
  • 1980 – Michelle Kwan, American figure skater
  • 1980 – Kaisa Jouhki, Finnish vocalist (Battlelore)
  • 1980 – Dan Whitesides, American drummer (The Used)
  • 1981 – Synyster Gates, American guitarist (Avenged Sevenfold)
  • 1981 – Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Indian cricketer
  • 1982 – Cassidy, American rapper
  • 1982 – Mike Glita, American bassist (Senses Fail)
  • 1982 – George Owu, Ghanaian football player
  • 1983 – Claudine Clark, OBE for services to the Professional Traffic Wardens Union
  • 1983 – Justin Davies, Australian rules footballer
  • 1984 – Minas Alozidis, Greek hurdler
  • 1984 – Mohammad Ashraful, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1984 – Marie-Mai, Canadian singer
  • 1988 – Kaci Brown, American singer
  • 1989 – Giannoulis Fakinos, Greek footballer
  • 1989 – Jamie Johnston, Actor
  • 1995 – Chloe Greenfield, American actress

July 7 – Deaths:

  • 1304 – Pope Benedict XI (b. 1240)
  • 1307 – King Edward I of England (b. 1239)
  • 1537 – Madeleine de Valois, queen of James V of Scotland (b. 1520)
  • 1572 – King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland (b. 1520)
  • 1573 – Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (b. 1507)
  • 1647 – Thomas Hooker, Connecticut colonist (b. 1586)
  • 1663 – Thomas Baltzar, German violinist
  • 1701 – William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)
  • 1713 – Henry Compton, Bishop of Oxford and privy councillor (b. 1632)
  • 1764 – William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, English politician (b. 1683)
  • 1776 – Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
  • 1790 – François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher (b. 1721)
  • 1816 – Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright and politician (b. 1751)
  • 1855 – Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet (b. 1787)
  • 1865 – Mary Surratt, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1823)
  • 1865 – Lewis Paine, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1844)
  • 1865 – David Herold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1842)
  • 1865 – George Atzerodt, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1833)
  • 1878 – Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • 1890 – Henri Nestlé, Founder of Nestlé S.A. (b. 1814)
  • 1901 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (b. 1827)
  • 1913 – Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (b.1841)
  • 1922 – Cathal Brugha, Chief of Staff of Irish Republican Army (b.1874)
  • 1925 – Clarence Hudson White American photographer (b.. 1871)
  • 1927 – Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (b. 1846)
  • 1930 – Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish writer (b. 1859)
  • 1932 – Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1932 – Henry Eyster Jacobs, American Lutheran theologian (b. 1844)
  • 1949 – Bunk Johnson, American musician (b. 1879 or 1889)
  • 1956 – Gottfried Benn, German poet (b. 1886)
  • 1964 – Lillian Copeland, American athlete (b. 1904)
  • 1965 – Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – Jo Schlesser, French Formula One racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1971 – Claude Gauvreau, Canadian writer (b. 1925)
  • 1971 – Ub Iwerks, American artist, director, and cartoonist (b1901)
  • 1972 – Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1886)
  • 1972 – King Talal of Jordan (b. 1909)
  • 1973 – Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (b. 1895)
  • 1973 – Veronica Lake, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 1975 – Ruffian, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 1972)
  • 1980 – Dore Schary, American film producer and writer (b. 1905)
  • 1984 – Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (b. 1941)
  • 1990 – Bill Cullen, American game show host (b. 1920)
  • 1990 – Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (b. 1958)
  • 1993 – Mia Zapata, American singer with The Gits (b. 1965)
  • 1994 – Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe Officer (b. 1907)
  • 2000 – Kenny Irwin, Jr., American race car driver (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – Fred Neil, American singer-songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2002 – Bison Dele, American basketball player (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – Izhak Graziani, Bulgarian-born conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Juan de Ávalos, Spanish sculptor (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Syd Barrett, original guitarist and vocalist of the band Pink Floyd (b. 1946)
  • 2006 – John Money, Sexologist (b. 1921)

July 7 – Holidays:

  • Tanzania: Saba Saba Day
  • Saint Job of Maniava
  • Russia, Ukraine: Ivan Kupala Day

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On This Day in History July 6

July 6 – Events:

  • 1044 – Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor, invades Hungary and defeats a Magyar army at the Battle of Ménfo.
  • 1189 – Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England.
  • 1253 – Mindaugas is crowned king of Lithuania.
  • 1348 – Papal bull of Pope Clement VI protecting Jews during the Black Death.
  • 1415 – Jan Hus is burned at the stake.
  • 1483 – Richard III is crowned king of England.
  • 1484 – Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of Congo River.
  • 1495 – First Italian War: Battle of Fornovo Charles VIII defeats the Holy League, but ultimately ends his attempted conquest of Italy.
  • 1535 – Sir Thomas More, author of Utopia and one time Lord Chancellor of England, is executed for treason by King Henry VIII after refusing to agree to Henry’s decision to separate the English church from the Roman Catholic church.
  • 1560 – The Treaty of Edinburgh is signed by Scotland and England.
  • 1573 – Córdoba, Argentina is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.
  • 1609 – Bohemia is granted freedom of religion.
  • 1630 – Thirty-Years War: 4,000 Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphus land in Pomerania, Germany.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Ticonderoga: Due to a bombardment by British artillery under General John Burgoyne, American forces retreat from Fort Ticonderoga, New York.
  • 1785 – The dollar is unanimously chosen as the monetary unit for the United States.
  • 1801 – Battle of Algeciras: The French navy are defeated by the British Royal Navy.
  • 1854 – In Jackson, Michigan, the first convention of the U.S. Republican Party is held.
  • 1885 – Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies. The patient is Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.
  • 1892 – Dadabhai Naoroji elected as first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain.
  • 1892 – 3,800 striking steelworkers engage in a day-long battle with Pinkerton agents during the Homestead Strike, leaving 10 dead and dozens wounded.
  • 1893 – The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa is nearly destroyed by a tornado that kills 71 people and injures 200.
  • 1905 – Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
  • 1908 – Robert Peary sets sail for the Arctic on the expedition on which he later reaches the North Pole.
  • 1917 – World War I: Arabian troops led by Lawrence of Arabia and Auda ibu Tayi capture Aqaba from the Turks during the Arab Revolt.
  • 1919 – The British dirigible R34 lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic by an airship.
  • 1933 – The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played in Chicago’s Comiskey Park. The American League defeats the National League, 4 to 2.
  • 1939 – Holocaust: The last remaining Jewish enterprises in Germany are closed.
  • 1942 – Anne Frank and her family went into hiding in the “Secret Annexe” above her father’s office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
  • 1944 – The Hartford Circus Fire, one of America’s worst fire disasters, kills approximately 168 people and injures over 700 in Hartford, Connecticut.
  • 1947 – The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.
  • 1957 – Althea Gibson wins the Wimbledon championships, becoming the first black athlete to do so.
  • 1964 – Malawi declares its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1966 – Malawi becomes a republic, with Hastings Banda as the first President.
  • 1967 – Biafran War: Nigerian forces invade Biafra, beginning the war.
  • 1975 – The Comoros declare independence from France.
  • 1978 – The Taunton sleeping car fire occurred in Taunton, Somerset killing twelve people.
  • 1978 – Yana Mintoff hurled horse manure onto the floor of the British House of Commons.
  • 1986 – Davis Phinney became the first American cyclist to win a road stage of the Tour de France.
  • 1988 – The Piper Alpha drilling platform in the North Sea is destroyed by explosions and fires. 167 oil workers are killed, making it the world’s worst offshore oil disaster.
  • 1989 – The Israeli 405 Bus slaughter in which 14 bus passengers were killed when an Arab assaulted the bus driver as the bus was driving by the edge of a cliff.
  • 2003 – The Corsicans rejected a referendum for increased autonomy from France by a very thin majority: 50.98 percent against, and 49.02 percent for.
  • 2003 – The 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar sends a METI message Cosmic Call 2 to 5 stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri, HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris that will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044, 2044 and 2049 respectively
  • 2006 – The Nathula Pass between India and China, sealed during the Sino-Indian War, re-opens for trade after 44 years.

July 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1686 – Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (d. 1758)
  • 1747 – John Paul Jones, American naval commander (d. 1792)
  • 1766 – Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born naturalist (d. 1813)
  • 1782 – Maria Louisa of Spain, queen of Etruria (d. 1824)
  • 1785 – William Jackson Hooker, English botanist (d. 1865)
  • 1789 – Maria Isabella of Spain, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1846)
  • 1796 – Tsar Nicholas I of Russia (d. 1855)
  • 1817 – Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist (d. 1905)
  • 1818 – Adolf Anderssen, German chess player (d. 1879)
  • 1837 – Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, Indian scholar (d. 1925)
  • 1838 – Vatroslav Jagic, Croatian scholar (d. 1923)
  • 1859 – Verner von Heidenstam, Nobel laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1865 – Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician (d. 1865)
  • 1868 – Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (d. 1935)
  • 1878 – Eino Leino, Finnish poet (d. 1926)
  • 1884 – Harold Stirling Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1970)
  • 1885 – Ernst Busch, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Annette Kellerman, Australian swimmer (d. 1975)
  • 1898 – Hanns Eisler, German composer (d. 1962)
  • 1903 – Hugo Theorell, Nobel laureate (d. 1982)
  • 1904 – Erik Wickberg, Salvation Army general (d. 1996)
  • 1907 – Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (d. 1954)
  • 1907 – George Stanley, Canadian politician and designer of Canada’s Flag (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand running coach (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Sebastian Cabot, English actor (d. 1977)
  • 1919 – Ernst Haefliger, Swiss singer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Nancy Reagan, First Lady of the United States
  • 1923 – Wojciech Jaruzelski, President of Poland
  • 1925 – Merv Griffin, American television show host (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Bill Haley, American singer (d. 1981)
  • 1927 – Jan Hein Donner, Dutch chess player
  • 1927 – Alan Freeman, British DJ known by his nickname ‘Fluff’ (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Janet Leigh, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Pat Paulsen, American comedian (d. 1997)
  • 1931 – Jean Campeau, French Canadian businessman and politician
  • 1931 – Della Reese, American singer
  • 1933 – Frank Austin, English footballer
  • 1935 – Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama
  • 1936 – Dave Allen, Irish comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Vladimir Ashkenazy, Russian-born pianist and conductor
  • 1937 – Ned Beatty, American actor
  • 1937 – Gene Chandler, American singer
  • 1939 – Jet Harris, English bass guitarist
  • 1940 – Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan
  • 1940 – Jeannie Seely, American singer
  • 1945 – Burt Ward, American actor
  • 1946 – George W. Bush, 43rd President of the United States
  • 1946 – Peter Singer, Australian philosopher
  • 1946 – Fred Dryer, American Television actor
  • 1946 – Sylvester Stallone, American Movie actor
  • 1947 – Richard Beckinsale, English actor (d. 1979)
  • 1947 – Lance Clemons, baseball player
  • 1948 – Nathalie Baye, French actress
  • 1948 – Jean-Pierre Blackburn, French Canadian politician
  • 1948 – Brad Park, Canadian hockey player
  • 1948 – Tom Curley, American media executive
  • 1949 – Phyllis Hyman, American singer (d. 1995)
  • 1950 – John Byrne, American comic book author & artist
  • 1950 – Hélène Scherrer, Canadian politician
  • 1951 – Geoffrey Rush, Australian actor
  • 1953 – Nanci Griffith, American singer
  • 1954 – Allyce Beasley, American actress
  • 1954 – Willie Randolph, baseball player and manager
  • 1955 – Frank Sontag, Jr., American radio personality
  • 1955 – William Wall, Irish writer
  • 1956 – Casey Sander, American actor
  • 1957 – Ron Duguay, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1958 – Jennifer Saunders, English actress
  • 1959 – Richard Dacoury, French basketball player
  • 1961 – Rick Price, singer/songwriter
  • 1963 – Todd Burns, baseball player
  • 1963 – Lance Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Brian Posehn, American actor
  • 1967 – Heather Nova, Bermudian singer
  • 1967 – Omar Olivares, baseball player
  • 1969 – Fernando Redondo, Argentine footballer
  • 1970 – Inspectah Deck, American rapper
  • 1970 – Martin Smith, English singer
  • 1971 – Kenya D. Williamson, American actress, screenwriter
  • 1972 – Isabelle Boulay, French-Canadian singer
  • 1972 – D-Styles, American scratch DJ
  • 1972 – Greg Norton, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Mark Gasser, British Virtuoso Pianist
  • 1974 – Zé Roberto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Amir-Abbas Fakhravar, Iranian journalist and activist
  • 1975 – Sebastián Rulli, Argentine actor
  • 1975 – 50 Cent, American rapper
  • 1977 – Con Blatsis, Australian footballer
  • 1977 – Craig Handley, British film director
  • 1978 – Tia Mowry and Tamera Mowry, American actresses
  • 1978 – Kevin Senio, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1979 – Nic Cester, Australian musician (Jet)
  • 1980 – Pau Gasol, Spanish basketball player
  • 1981 – Nnamdi Asomugha, American football player
  • 1982 – Tay Zonday, American singer and keyboardist
  • 1983 – Gregory Smith, Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Lauren Harris, British rock singer
  • 1984 – James Henderson, American model
  • 1986 – Derrick Williams, American football player
  • 1987 – Kate Nash, English singer/songwriter
  • 1987 – Matt O’Leary, American actor
  • 1987 – Caroline Trentini, Brazilian model
  • 1994 – Rebecca Rosso and Camilla Rosso, British actresses

July 6 – Deaths:

  • 1189 – King Henry II of England (b. 1133)
  • 1218 – Eudes III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1166)
  • 1249 – King Alexander II of Scotland (b. 1198)
  • 1415 – Jan Hus, Bohemian reformer (b. 1369)
  • 1476 – Regiomantus, German astronomer (b. 1436)
  • 1480 – Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian composer (b. 1416)
  • 1533 – Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (b. 1474)
  • 1535 – Sir Thomas More, English philosopher (b. 1478)
  • 1553 – King Edward VI of England (b. 1537)
  • 1583 – Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1585 – Thomas Aufield, English Catholic martyr (b. 1552)
  • 1684 – Peter Gunning, English royalist churchman (b. 1614)
  • 1758 – George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, British general
  • 1762 – Tsar Peter III of Russia (b. 1728)
  • 1768 – Conrad Beissel, German-born religious leader (b. 1690)
  • 1802 – Daniel Morgan, American Revolutionary general and politician (b. 1735)
  • 1809 – Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (b. 1775)
  • 1813 – Granville Sharp, British abolitionist (b. 1735)
  • 1835 – John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1755)
  • 1854 – Georg Ohm, German physicist (b. 1789)
  • 1868 – Sanosuke Harada, Shinsengumi Captain (b. 1840)
  • 1893 – Guy de Maupassant, French author (b. 1850)
  • 1901 – Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1819)
  • 1902 – St. Maria Goretti, Italian saint (b. 1890)
  • 1907 – August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein, German Linguist, Theologian (b. 1826)
  • 1916 – Odilon Redon, French painter (b. 1840)
  • 1922 – Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (b. 1863)
  • 1932 – Kenneth Grahame, English author (b. 1859)
  • 1952 – Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, French Canadian politician (b. 1867)
  • 1960 – Aneurin Bevan, British politician (b. 1897)
  • 1961 – Scott LaFaro, American musician (b. 1936)
  • 1961 – Woodall Rodgers, American politician (b. 1890)
  • 1962 – William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (b. 1872)
  • 1966 – Sad Sam Jones, American baseball player (b. 1892)
  • 1971 – Louis Armstrong, American musician (b. 1901)
  • 1972 – Brandon De Wilde, American actor (b. 1942)
  • 1973 – Otto Klemperer, German conductor (b. 1885)
  • 1975 – Otto Skorzeny, Famous WWII German SS commando (b. 1908)
  • 1976 – Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Van McCoy, American music producer, musician, songwriter and orchestra leader (b. 1940)
  • 1982 – Bob Johnson, American baseball player (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician (b. 1908)
  • 1989 – János Kádár, Hungarian politician (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Muda Lawal, Nigerian footballer (b. 1954)
  • 1992 – Buddy Rogers, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Cameron Mitchell, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Aziz Nesin, Turkish humorist and author (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – Kathy Ahern, American golfer (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – Roy Rogers, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Carl Gunter Jr, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 1999 – Joaquin Rodrigo, Spanish composer (b. 1901)
  • 1999 – Barry Winchell, American soldier (b. 1977)
  • 2002 – Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – John Frankenheimer, American film director (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Buddy Ebsen, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Thomas Klestil, President of Austria (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Syreeta Wright, American singer (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Bruno Augenstein, German-born mathematician (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – L. Patrick Gray III, American FBI director (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Evan Hunter, American novelist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Claude Simon, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Richard Verreau, Canadian tenor (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Kasey Rogers, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Tom Weir, Scottish climber, author and broadcaster (b. 1914)

July 6 – Holidays:

  • Comoros – Independence Day (1975).
  • Czech Republic – Jan Hus Day (1415).
  • Feast day of St Maria Goretti.
  • Lithuania – Statehood Day.
  • Malawi – Independence Day (1964).
  • Malawi – Republic Day (1966).
  • Roman festivals: Ludi Apollinares, games in honour of Apollo (since 208 BC) began today.

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On This Day in History July 5

July 5 – Events:

  • 1295 – Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.
  • 1610 – John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.
  • 1687 – Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
  • 1770 – Battle of Chesma and Battle of Larga between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1775 – US Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.
  • 1803 – The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
  • 1809 – Battle of Wagram starts, the two-day battle was the largest yet of the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1811 – Venezuela declares independence from Spain.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin.
  • 1814 – War of 1812: Battle of Chippewa – American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippewa, Ontario.
  • 1830 – France invades Algeria.
  • 1833 – Admiral Charles Napier defeats the navy of the Portuguese usurper Dom Miguel at the third Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
  • 1865 – The Salvation Army is founded in the East End of London, England.
  • 1878 – The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
  • 1884 – Germany takes possession of Cameroon.
  • 1934 – “Bloody Thursday” – Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
  • 1935 – The National Labor Relations Act, which governs labor relations in the United States, is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 1937 – Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
  • 1937 – Highest recorded temperature in Canada, at Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan: 45 °C.
  • 1940 – World War II: The United Kingdom and the Vichy France government break off diplomatic relations.
  • 1941 – World War II: German troops reach the Dniepr River.
  • 1943 – The Battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in history, starts with a German tank attack on Soviet forces.
  • 1943 – World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails for Sicily (Operation Husky, July 10, 1943).
  • 1945 – World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
  • 1946 – The bikini is introduced in Paris, France.
  • 1947 – Larry Doby signs a contract with the Cleveland Indians baseball team, becoming the first black player in the American League. (Jackie Robinson had broken the color barrier with the Brooklyn Dodgers in the National League 11 weeks earlier.)
  • 1948 – British National Health Service Act enacted.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Task Force Smith – First clash between American and North Korean forces.
  • 1950 – Zionism: The Knesset passes the Law of Return which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.
  • 1951 – William Shockley invents the junction transistor.
  • 1954 – Elvis Presley has his first commercial recording session. He sang That’s All Right (Mama) and Blue Moon of Kentucky. This is widely considered to be the birth of Rock and Roll.
  • 1954 – The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin.
  • 1954 – Andhra Pradesh High Court is established.
  • 1958 – First ascent of Gasherbrum I, 11th highest peak on the earth.
  • 1962 – Algeria becomes independent from France.
  • 1970 – Air Canada Flight 621 crashes near Toronto International Airport killing 109 people.
  • 1971 – Right to vote: the Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon.
  • 1973 – Catastrophic BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) in Kingman, Arizona, following a fire that broke out as propane was being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank, kills 11 firefighters. This explosion has become a classic incident studied in fire department training programs worldwide.
  • 1975 – Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.
  • 1975 – Cape Verde gains its independence from Portugal.
  • 1977 – Military coup in Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto the very first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan overthrown.
  • 1989 – Iran-Contra Affair: Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service.
  • 1994 – The United States announced it would refuse further unrestricted immigration from Haiti.
  • 1996 – Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.
  • 1998 – Japan launches a probe to Mars, and thus joins the United States and Russia as a space exploring nation.
  • 2003 – SARS is declared to be contained by the WHO.
  • 2004 – First Indonesian presidential election by the nation.
  • 2006 – North Korea launched at least two short-range Nodong-2 missiles, one SCUD missile and one long-range Taepodong-2 missile.

July 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1321 – Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland (d. 1362)
  • 1586 – Thomas Hooker, Connecticut colonist (d. 1647)
  • 1653 – Thomas Pitt, British Governor of Madras (d. 1726)
  • 1675 – Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials
  • 1717 – Pedro III of Portugal, consort of Maria I of Portugal (d. 1786)
  • 1718 – Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland (d. 1794)
  • 1794 – Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist (d. 1851)
  • 1801 – David Farragut, American naval commander (d. 1870)
  • 1805 – Robert Fitz Roy, British seaworthy and meteorologic (d. 1865)
  • 1810 – P.T. Barnum, American circus owner (d. 1891)
  • 1820 – William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish engineer and physicist (d. 1872)
  • 1829 – Ignacio Mariscal, Writer and Mexican diplomat (d. 1910)
  • 1841 – William C. Whitney, American financier (d. 1904)
  • 1853 – Cecil Rhodes, South African politician, founder of Rhodesia (d. 1902)
  • 1860 – Robert Bacon, American politician (d. 1919)
  • 1872 – Edouard Herriot, French politician (d. 1957)
  • 1874 – Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (d. 1967)
  • 1879 – Wanda Landowska, Polish harpsichordist (d. 1959)
  • 1879 – Joe Russell, English philosopher
  • 1879 – Dwight F. Davis, American tennis player and politician (d. 1945)
  • 1880 – Jan Kubelík, Czech violinist (d. 1940)
  • 1882 – Inayat Khan, Indian sufi (d. 1927)
  • 1885 – Blas Infante, Spanish politician (d. 1936)
  • 1885 – André Lhote, French painter (d. 1962)
  • 1886 – Willem Drees, Dutch politician (d. 1988)
  • 1888 – Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1963)
  • 1889 – Jean Cocteau, French writer (d. 1963)
  • 1890 – Frederick Lewis Allen, American social historian (d. 1954)
  • 1891 – John Howard Northrop, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1895 – Gordon Jacob, English composer (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Yip Man, Ving Tsun Sifu and Master of Style (Gung-Gung) (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Marcel Achard, French playwright, screenwriter and author (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Sergey Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master (d. 1992)
  • 1902 – Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., American diplomat (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Harold Acton, American writer and dilettante (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – Ernst Mayr, American biologist (d. 2005)
  • 1904 – Milburn Stone, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1910 – Georges Vedel, French public law (d. 2002)
  • 1911 – Georges Pompidou, French politician (d. 1974)
  • 1913 – Smiley Lewis, American musician (d. 1966)
  • 1915 – John Woodruff, American athlete (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – George Rochberg, American composer (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – René Lecavalier, French Canadian radio host and television sportscaster (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Mary Louise Hancock, American politician and activist
  • 1924 – Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – János Starker, Hungarian cellist
  • 1928 – Warren Oates, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1928 – Pierre Mauroy, French politician
  • 1928 – Katherine Helmond, American actress
  • 1932 – Billy Laughlin, American actor (d. 1948)
  • 1932 – Gyula Horn, former Hungarian prime minister
  • 1935 – John Gilmore, American true crime author
  • 1936 – Shirley Knight, American actress
  • 1936 – James Mirrlees, Scottish economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1938 – Ronnie Self, American rock singer and songwriter (d. 1981)
  • 1939 – Booker Edgerson, American football player
  • 1940 – Chuck Close, American painter and photographer
  • 1942 – Johannes Löhr, German footballer and trainer
  • 1943 – Curt Blefary, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1943 – Robbie Robertson, Canadian guitarist (The Band).
  • 1945 – Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican Politician and Attorney General of México.
  • 1946 – Pierre-Marc Johnson, American lawyer, physician and politician
  • 1946 – Paul Smith, British fashion designer
  • 1946 – Gerardus ‘t Hooft, Dutch physic, Nobel Prize laurete
  • 1948 – William Hootkins, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1950 – Huey Lewis, American musician
  • 1950 – Michael Monarch, American guitarist (Steppenwolf)
  • 1951 – Rich Gossage, American baseball player
  • 1951 – Keiko Fuji, Japanese enka singer
  • 1954 – Leni Björklund, Swedish politician
  • 1954 – John Wright, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1954 – Jimmy Crespo, American guitarist (Aerosmith)
  • 1955 – Peter McNamara, Australian tennis player
  • 1956 – Patsy Pease, American actress
  • 1956 – James Lofton, American football player and coach
  • 1957 – David Hanson, Canadian politician
  • 1957 – David Pinkney , British Touring Car Racer
  • 1957 – Doug Wilson, Canadian hockey player
  • 1958 – Paul Daniel, British opera and symphony conductor
  • 1958 – Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician
  • 1958 – Bill Watterson, American cartoonist
  • 1959 – Marc Cohn, American singer and songwriter
  • 1960 – Pruitt Taylor Vince, American actor
  • 1960 – James M. Kelly, American politician
  • 1961 – Isabelle Poulenard, French soprano
  • 1963 – Edie Falco, American actress
  • 1963 – Russ Lorenson, American singer and actor
  • 1965 – Eyran Katsenelenbogen, a famous international jazz pianist
  • 1966 – Kathryn Erbe, American actress
  • 1966 – Susannah Doyle, British actress
  • 1966 – Gianfranco Zola, Italian footballer
  • 1967 – Silvia Ziche, Italian comics artist
  • 1968 – Ken Akamatsu, Mangaka
  • 1968 – Kenji Ito, Japanese composer
  • 1968 – John Ruskin a.k.a. Nardwuar the Human Serviette, Canadian journalist
  • 1968 – Alex Zülle, Swiss cyclist
  • 1969 – John LeClair, American hockey player
  • 1969 – RZA, American rapper (Wu-Tang Clan)
  • 1969 – Jenji Kohan, American television writer and producer
  • 1970 – Mac Dre, American rapper (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – Derek McInnes, Scottish footballer
  • 1972 – Letha Weapons, porn actress
  • 1973 – Marcus Allbäck, Swedish footballer
  • 1973 – Bengt Lagerberg, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
  • 1973 – Róisín Murphy, Irish musician
  • 1973 – René Spies, German bobsledder
  • 1974 – Márcio Amoroso, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Brian Nordstrom, Actor/Director
  • 1975 – Hernán Crespo, Argentinian footballer
  • 1975 – Gunnar H. Thomsen, Faroese musician (Týr)
  • 1975 – Kip Gamblin, Australian dancer and actor
  • 1975 – Ai Sugiyama, Japanese tennis player
  • 1976 – Nuno Gomes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1976 – Marina Dias, Brazilian model
  • 1976 – Bizarre, American rapper (D12)
  • 1977 – Royce Da 5’9″, American rapper
  • 1977 – Nicolas Kiefer, German tennis player.
  • 1979 – Stiliyan Petrov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1979 – Shane Filan, Irish musician (Westlife)
  • 1979 – Amélie Mauresmo, French tennis player
  • 1980 – Eva Green, French actress
  • 1980 – Jason Wade, American musician (Lifehouse)
  • 1980 – David Rozehnal, Czech footballer
  • 1981 – Jesse Crain, Canadian baseball player
  • 1982 – Alberto Gilardino, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Zheng Jie, Chinese tennis player
  • 1984 – Yu Yamada, Ryukyuan model, actress and singer
  • 1985 – Stephanie McIntosh, Australian pop singer and actress
  • 1985 – Nick O’Malley, Bass player for (Arctic Monkeys).
  • 1989 – Joseph King, American musician (Canvas).
  • 1991 – Jason Dolley, American actor

July 5 – Deaths:

  • 1316 – Infante Ferdinand of Majorca (b. 1278)
  • 1375 – Charles III of Alençon, French archbishop (b. 1337)
  • 1472 – Charles of Artois, Count of Eu, French military leader (b. 1394)
  • 1539 – St. Anthony Maria Zaccaria, Italian saint (b. 1502)
  • 1666 – Albert VI of Bavaria (b. 1584)
  • 1676 – Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (b. 1613)
  • 1715 – Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1659)
  • 1719 – Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general (b. 1641)
  • 1773 – Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian and philologist (b. 1719)
  • 1833 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor (b. 1765)
  • 1859 – Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (b. 1777)
  • 1862 – Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (b. 1800)
  • 1904 – Abai Kunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet (b. 1845)
  • 1908 – Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (b. 1833)
  • 1920 – Max Klinger, German artist (b. 1857)
  • 1927 – Albrecht Kossel, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1853)
  • 1929 – Henry Lincoln Johnson, Member of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), first American to receive the Croix de guerre (b. 1897)
  • 1932 – Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (b. 1880)
  • 1945 – John Curtin, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
  • 1948 – Georges Bernanos, French writer (b. 1888)
  • 1948 – Carole Landis, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 1957 – Charles Sherwood Noble, American-born inventor
  • 1965 – Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (b. 1909)
  • 1966 – George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1969 – Walter Gropius, German architect (b. 1883)
  • 1969 – Wilhelm Backhaus, German pianist (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – Leo McCarey, American film director (b. 1898)
  • 1969 – Tom Mboya, Kenyan politician (b. 1930)
  • 1975 – Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano (b. 1892)
  • 1983 – Harry James, American musician (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Howard Nemerov, American poet (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – Erik Wickberg, The Salvation Army general (b. 1904)
  • 1997 – Mrs. Miller, American singer (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Sid Luckman, American football player (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Ernie K-Doe, American singer (b. 1936)
  • 2002 – Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – Ted Williams, American baseball player (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Roman Lyashenko, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1979)
  • 2004 – Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Rodger Ward, American race car driver (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – James Stockdale, U.S. Navy vice admiral (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Shirley Goodman, American singer (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Kenneth Lay, American businessman (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Kerwin Mathews, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – George Melly, British jazz & blues musician (b. 1926)

July 5 – Holidays:

  • Venezuela: Independence Day (1811).
  • Algeria: Independence Day (1962).
  • Cape Verde: Independence Day (1975).
  • Armenia: Constitution Day (1995)
  • Czech Republic and Slovakia: Arrival of Saints Cyril and Methodius in Great Moravia (around 863).
  • Isle of Man: Tynwald Day (1266).
  • Church of the SubGenius: X-Day (1998).
  • United States: Bloody Thursday, Longshoremans Union Holiday.

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On This Day in History July 4

July 4 – Events:

  • 836 – Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples
  • 993 – Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized.
  • 1120 – Jordan II of Capua anointed as prince after his infant nephew’s death.
  • 1187 – The Crusades: Battle of Hattin – Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem.
  • 1253 – Battle of West-Capelle: John I of Avesnes defeats Guy of Dampierre.
  • 1359 – Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
  • 1634 – The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec.
  • 1636 – City of Providence, Rhode Island forms.
  • 1754 – Lt-Col. George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers.
  • 1776 – American Independence Day: The United States Declaration of Independence by the Second Continental Congress declaring itself free of British rule.
  • 1802 – At West Point, New York the United States Military Academy opens.
  • 1803 – The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.
  • 1810 – The French occupy Amsterdam.
  • 1817 – At Rome, New York, United States, construction on the Erie Canal begins.
  • 1826 – Former American presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson die, fifty years to the day after the adoption of the United States Declaration of Independence.
  • 1827 – Slavery is abolished in New York State.
  • 1837 – Grand Junction Railway, world’s first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.
  • 1838 – The Iowa Territory is organized.
  • 1840 – The Cunard Line’s 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic crossing with a scheduled end.
  • 1845 – Near Concord, Massachusetts, Henry David Thoreau embarks on a two-year experiment in simple living at Walden Pond.
  • 1855 – In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman’s book of poems titled Leaves of Grass is published.
  • 1859 – Austro-Sardinian War: The Battle of Magenta.
  • 1862 – Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Vicksburg – Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant after 47 days of siege. 150 miles up the Mississippi River, a Confederate Army is repulsed at the Battle of Helena, Arkansas.
  • 1865 – Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland is published.
  • 1881 – In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.
  • 1886 – First scheduled Canadian transcontinental train arrives in Port Moody, British Columbia.
  • 1892 – Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, so that year there were 367 days in this country, with two occurrences of Monday, July 4.
  • 1894 – The short-lived Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed by Sanford B. Dole.
  • 1910 – Black boxer Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match sparking race riots across the United States.
  • 1918 – Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne.
  • 1918 – Bolsheviks kill Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family (Julian calendar date).
  • 1927 – First flight of the Lockheed Vega.
  • 1934 – Joe Louis wins his first professional boxing match.
  • 1934 – Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.
  • 1939 – Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, tells a crowd at Yankee Stadium he considered himself “The luckiest man on the face of the earth” as he announces his retirement from major league baseball.
  • 1940 – Robert Pershing Wadlow, the tallest man on Earth, died in his sleep.
  • 1941 – Mass murder of Polish scientists and writers, committed by Nazi Germans in the captured Polish city of Lwów.
  • 1946 – After 381 years of near-continuous colonial rule, the Philippines is granted full  independence by the United States.
  • 1947 – “Indian Independence Bill” is presented before British House of Commons, suggesting bifurcation of British India into two sovereign countries – India and Pakistan.
  • 1950 – First broadcast by Radio Free Europe.
  • 1959 – With the admission of Alaska as the 49th U.S. state earlier in the year, the 49-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1960 – Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawai’i as the 50th U.S. state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania almost ten and a half months later.
  • 1966 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act goes into effect the next year.
  • 1968 – Two teens are killed at Lake Herman Road in California. They were the first (known) victims of the Zodiac Killer.
  • 1976 – Israeli commandos raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists.
  • 1982 – Iranian diplomats kidnapping (1982):Four Iranian diplomats kidnapped by Lebanese militia in Lebanon.
  • 1987 – In France, former Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie (aka the “Butcher of Lyon”) is convicted of crimes against humanity and is sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • 1992 – USS George Washington (CVN-73), a Nimitz Class aircraft carrier of the United States Navy is commissioned at Norfolk, Virginia.
  • 1993 – Sumitomo Chemical’s resin plant in Nihama explodes killing one and injuring three workers.
  • 1997 – NASA’s Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.
  • 2005 – The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.
  • 2006 – Space Shuttle program: STS-121 Mission – Space Shuttle Discovery launches at 18:37:55 UTC.
  • 2006 – North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile, and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan.
  • 2007 – Zaca Fire Starts in Santa Barbara, California becomes second largest fire in California history.

July 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1330 – Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (d. 1367)
  • 1546 – Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1595)
  • 1694 – Louis-Claude Daquin, French composer (d. 1772)
  • 1715 – Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet (d. 1769)
  • 1719 – Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (d. 1797)
  • 1790 – George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest (d. 1866)
  • 1799 – King Oscar I of Sweden, French general (d. 1859)
  • 1804 – Nathaniel Hawthorne, American writer (d. 1864)
  • 1807 – Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian patriot (d. 1882)
  • 1816 – Hiram Walker, American grocer and distiller (d. 1899)
  • 1826 – Stephen Foster, American songwriter (d. 1864)
  • 1845 – Thomas Barnardo, Irish humanitarian (d. 1905)
  • 1847 – James Anthony Bailey, American circus impresario (d. 1906)
  • 1854 – Victor Babes, Romanian bacteriologist (d. 1926)
  • 1872 – Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (d. 1933)
  • 1881 – Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Louis B. Mayer, American film producer (d. 1957)
  • 1883 – Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – Irving Caesar, American lyricist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1896 – Mao Dun, Chinese writer (d. 1981)
  • 1898 – Dr. Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican historian (d. 1997)
  • 1898 – Gertrude Lawrence, English-born actress (d. 1952)
  • 1902 – Meyer Lansky, Russian-born American gangster (d. 1983)
  • 1902 – George Murphy, American entertainer (d. 1992)
  • 1903 – Flor Peeters, Belgian composer, organist and teacher (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Angela Baddeley, English actress (d. 1976)
  • 1905 – Irving Johnson, American adventurer (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Gordon Griffith, American director (d. 1958)
  • 1907 – Howard Taubman, American music and theater critic (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Gloria Stuart, American actress
  • 1911 – Mitch Miller, American entertainer
  • 1912 – Viviane Romance, French actress (d. 1991)
  • 1916 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, American thought to be Tokyo Rose in World War II (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1947)
  • 1918 – Ann Landers, American advice columnist (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Abigail Van Buren, American advice columnist (“Dear Abby”)
  • 1918 – King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV of Tonga (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Norm Drucker, American basketball referee
  • 1920 – Leona Helmsley, American hotel operator and real estate investor (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Gerard Debreu, French economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 1924 – Eva Marie Saint, American actress
  • 1926 – Alfredo Di Stéfano, Argentine-Spanish footballer
  • 1927 – Gina Lollobrigida, Italian actress
  • 1927 – Neil Simon, American playwright
  • 1929 – Al Davis, American football team owner (Oakland Raiders)
  • 1929 – Chuck Tanner, American baseball player
  • 1929 – Bill Tuttle, American baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Frunzik Mkrtchyan, Armenian actor
  • 1930 – George Steinbrenner, American businessman & baseball team owner (New York  Yankees)
  • 1930 – Yuri Tyukalov, Soviet Olympic rower
  • 1931 – Stephen Boyd, Northern Irish actor (d. 1977)
  • 1931 – Sébastien Japrisot, French author, film director and sreenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Colin Welland, English actor
  • 1935 – Paul Scoon, Governor General of Grenada
  • 1937 – Sonja Haraldsen, Queen of Norway (spouse of King Harald V of Norway)
  • 1938 – Bill Withers, American singer and songwriter
  • 1942 – Hal Lanier, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Floyd Little, American football player
  • 1942 – Stefan Meller, Polish foreign minister
  • 1943 – Konrad “Conny” Bauer, German musician
  • 1943 – Geraldo Rivera, American reporter
  • 1943 – Alan “Blind Owl” Wilson, American musician (Canned Heat) (d. 1970)
  • 1943 – Emerson Boozer, American football player
  • 1944 – Ray Meagher, Australian actor
  • 1946 – Tish Howard, American model
  • 1946 – Ron Kovic, American peace activist
  • 1946 – Michael Milken, American financier
  • 1946 – Ed O’Ross, American actor
  • 1947 – Morganna Roberts, American personality (kissing bandit)
  • 1948 – Ed Armbrister, baseball player
  • 1948 – René Arnoux, French race car driver
  • 1948 – Tommy Körberg, Swedish singer and actor
  • 1948 – Jeremy Spencer, English musician
  • 1950 – David Jensen, Canadian-born British radio DJ
  • 1951 – Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, American politician
  • 1952 – Álvaro Uribe Vélez, Colombian politician
  • 1954 – Jim Beattie, American baseball player
  • 1955 – John Waite, English singer (The Babys)
  • 1958 – Kirk Pengilly, Australian musician (INXS)
  • 1959 – Victoria Abril, Spanish actress
  • 1960 – Sid Eudy, American professional wrestler
  • 1960 – Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1994)
  • 1961 – Richard Garriott, English video game designer
  • 1962 – Neil Morrissey, English actor
  • 1962 – Pam Shriver, American former tennis player
  • 1963 – Henri Leconte, French former tennis player
  • 1963 – Matt Malley, American musician (Counting Crows)
  • 1963 – José Oquendo, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1964 – Cle Kooiman, American soccer player
  • 1964 – Mark Slaughter, American singer (Slaughter)
  • 1966 – Lee Reherman, American actor
  • 1965 – Horace Grant, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Vinny Castilla, Mexican baseball player
  • 1967 – Andy Walker, Canadian television personality
  • 1967 – Rick Wilkins, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Tony Vidmar, Australian former footballer
  • 1971 – Andy Creeggan, Canadian musician (ex-Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1971 – Brendan Donnelly, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Koko, sign-language gorilla
  • 1971 – Andrew Murray, English entrepreneur
  • 1971 – Ned Zelic, Australian footballer
  • 1973 – Gackt, Japanese singer (ex-vocalist of Malice Mizer)
  • 1973 – Keiko Ihara, Japanese racing driver
  • 1973 – Michael Johnson, English-born Jamaican footballer
  • 1973 – Jan Magnussen, Danish racing driver
  • 1973 – Tony Popovic, Australian footballer
  • 1974 – La’Roi Glover, American football player
  • 1974 – Vince Spadea, American tennis player
  • 1975 – Tania Davis, Australian violist (bond)
  • 1976 – Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
  • 1977 – Katia Zygouli, Greek super model, winner of Elite Model Look contest 1996
  • 1978 – Vicky Kaya, Greek supermodel and actress
  • 1978 – Emile Mpenza, Belgian footballer
  • 1978 – Becki Newton, American actress
  • 1981 – Francisco Cruceta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1983 – Isabeli Fontana, Brazilian model
  • 1983 – Ben Jorgensen, American musician (Armor For Sleep)
  • 1983 – Andy Mrotek, American musician (The Academy Is…)
  • 1984 – Gina Glocksen, American Idol finalist
  • 1984 – Akanishi Jin, Japanese Idol (member of KAT-TUN)
  • 1986 – Takahisa Masuda, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band) and Tegomass)
  • 2003 – Alessia di Matteo, first survivor of eight transplants in one operation (d. 2005)

July 4 – Deaths:

  • 907 – Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria
  • 943 – Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (b. 877)
  • 965 – Pope Benedict V
  • 973 – Ulrich of Augsburg, German bishop (b. 890)
  • 1187 – Raynald of Chatillon, Prince of Antioch
  • 1541 – Pedro de Alvarado, Spanish explorer (b. 1495)
  • 1546 – Hayreddin Barbarossa, Admiral of the Ottoman Navy (b. 1478)
  • 1603 – Philippe de Monte, Flemish composer (b. 1521)
  • 1623 – William Byrd, English composer
  • 1648 – Antoine Daniel, French Jesuit missionary, one of the Canadian Martyrs (b. 1601)
  • 1742 – Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (b. 1671)
  • 1754 – Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist (b. 1680)
  • 1761 – Samuel Richardson, English writer (b. 1689)
  • 1780 – Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Austrian military leader (b. 1712)
  • 1787 – Charles de Rohan, prince de Soubise, Marshal of France (b. 1715)
  • 1821 – Richard Cosway, English artist (b. 1742)
  • 1826 – John Adams, 2nd President of the United States (b. 1735)
  • 1826 – Thomas Jefferson 3rd President of the United States (b. 1743)
  • 1831 – James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (b. 1758)
  • 1848 – François-René de Chateaubriand, French writer (b. 1768)
  • 1850 – William Kirby, English entomologist (b. 1759)
  • 1854 – Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist (b. 1781)
  • 1857 – William L. Marcy, American statesman (b. 1786)
  • 1881 – Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1806)
  • 1882 – Joseph Brackett, American composer (b. 1797)
  • 1891 – Hannibal Hamlin, U.S. Vice President (b. 1809)
  • 1901 – Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (b. 1843)
  • 1902 – Swami Vivekananda, Indian spiritual leader (b. 1863)
  • 1905 – Élisée Reclus, French anarchist (b. 1830)
  • 1910 – Melville Weston Fuller, 8th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1833)
  • 1910 – Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (b. 1835)
  • 1916 – Alan Seeger, American war poet (b. 1888)
  • 1922 – Lothar von Richthofen, German pilot (b. 1894)
  • 1926 – Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian mountaineer (b. 1901)
  • 1931 – Buddie Petit, American jazz musician (b. 1895)
  • 1931 – Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1869)
  • 1934 – Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Physics (b. 1867)
  • 1938 – Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democratic politician (b. 1881)
  • 1938 – Suzanne Lenglen, French tennis player (b. 1899)
  • 1941 – Antoni Lomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. 1881)
  • 1946 – Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concentration camp overseer (b. 1922)
  • 1948 – Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882)
  • 1963 – Bernard Freyberg, Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1889)
  • 1970 – Barnett Newman, American artist (b. 1905)
  • 1970 – Harold Stirling Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – August Derleth, American writer and editor (b. 1909)
  • 1975 – Georgette Heyer, English author (b. 1902)
  • 1976 – Antoni Slonimski, Polish poet (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (b. 1918)
  • 1980 – Maurice Grevisse, Belgian grammarian (b. 1895)
  • 1982 – Terry Higgins, early British AIDS death (b. 1945)
  • 1984 – Jimmie Spheeris, American singer-songwriter (b. 1949)
  • 1986 – Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Flor Peeters, Belgian composer, organist, and teacher (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Adrian Adonis, American artist (b. 1954)
  • 1991 – Victor Chang, Australian physician (b. 1936)
  • 1992 – Ástor Piazzolla, Argentinian composer (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – Bona Arsenault, French Canadian politician and historian (b. 1903)
  • 1994 – Joey Marella, American professional wrestling referee (b. 1964)
  • 1995 – Eva Gabor, Hungarian actress (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Bob Ross, American artist and television host (b. 1942)
  • 1997 – Charles Kuralt, American television presenter (b. 1934)
  • 1997 – John Zachary Young, English zoologist (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Leo Garel, American artist and cartoonist (b.1917)
  • 2000 – Gustaw Herling-Grudzinski, Polish writer (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Keenan Milton, Professional Skater (b. 1974)
  • 2002 – Benjamin O. Davis Jr., American general (b. 1912)
  • 2002 – Mansoor Hekmat, Iranian politician (b. 1951)
  • 2003 – Barry White, American singer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – André Claveau, French singer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Jean-Marie Auberson, Swiss conductor (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Frank Robinson (Xylophone Man), an eccentric street entertainer in Nottingham, England (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Hank Stram, American football coach (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Baris Akarsu, Turkish rock musician (b. 1979)
  • 2007 – Bill Pinkney, American singer and performer (b. 1925)

July 4 – Holidays:

  • United States – Independence Day (1776)
  • Filipino-American Friendship Day
  • In astronomy, the approximate date of Earth’s aphelion.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Flavian
    • Translation, Ordination of Saint Martin, bishop of Tours, confessor
    • Saint Odo, bishop of Canterbury
    • Saint Procopius, abbot (at Prague), confessor
    • Saint Ulric, bishop of Augsburg, confessor (d. 973)
    • Saint Bertha, widow, abbess of Blangy in Artois
    • Saint Elizabeth Lusitania of Portugal (d. 136)

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On This Day in History July 3

July 3 – Events:

  • 324 – Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.
  • 987 – Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty which ruled France until the French Revolution in 1792.
  • 1250 – Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars’ Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself.
  • 1608 – Quebec City founded by Samuel de Champlain.
  • 1754 – French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French forces.
  • 1767 – Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.
  • 1767 – Norway’s oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded (first edition published this date).
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in the Wyoming Valley massacre.
  • 1778 – Prussia declares war on Austria.
  • 1819 – The first savings bank in the United States (The Bank of Savings in New York City) opens.
  • 1839 – The first state normal school in the United States, the forerunner to today’s Framingham State College, opens in Lexington, Massachusetts with 3 students.
  • 1844 – The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
  • 1848 – Slaves are freed in the Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands) by Peter von Scholten.
  • 1849 – The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
  • 1852 – Congress establishes the United States’ 2nd mint in San Francisco, California.
  • 1863 – U.S. Civil War: The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg culminates with Pickett’s Charge.
  • 1866 – Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgratz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.
  • 1884 – Dow Jones published its 1st stock average.
  • 1886 – The New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.
  • 1890 – Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
  • 1898 – Spanish fleet, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, destroyed by the U.S. Navy in Santiago, Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
  • 1928 – First color television broadcast in London.
  • 1938 – World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 mph.(203 km/h).
  • 1944 – World War II: Minsk was liberated from Nazi control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration.
  • 1952 – Puerto Rico’s Constitution is approved by the Congress of the United States.
  • 1962 – The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends.
  • 1970 – A British Dan-Air De Havilland Comet chartered jetliner crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 113 people.
  • 1976 – Israeli commandos rescue 105 hostages at Entebbe Airport, Uganda during Operation Yonatan.
  • 1977 – The Senegalese Republican Movement (MRS) is founded.
  • 1979 – US President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
  • 1986 – US President Ronald Reagan presides over the relighting of the renovated Statue of Liberty.
  • 1988 – The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus.
  • 1989 – Fitzgerald Inquiry released in Queensland.
  • 1994 – The deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty six people were killed in crashes.
  • 2001 – A Vladivostok Avia Tupolev TU-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia killing 145 people.
  • 2004 – Official opening of Bangkok’s subway system.
  • 2005 – The national law legalizing same-sex marriage takes effect in Spain.
  • 2006 – Asteroid labeled as 2004 XP14 flies 432,308 km (268,624 miles) by Earth.
  • 2007 – Ghana introduces new Ghanaian cedi currency.

July 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1423 – King Louis XI of France (d. 1483)
  • 1442 – Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1500)
  • 1530 – Claude Fauchet, French historian (d. 1601)
  • 1676 – Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (d. 1747)
  • 1683 – Edward Young, English poet (d. 1765)
  • 1685 – Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer (d. 1768)
  • 1728 – Robert Adam, Scottish architect (d. 1792)
  • 1738 – John Singleton Copley, American painter (d. 1815)
  • 1743 – Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1813)
  • 1851 – Charles Bannerman, Australian cricketer (d. 1930)
  • 1854 – Leoš Janácek, Czech composer (d. 1928)
  • 1870 – Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1947)
  • 1875 – Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German surgeon (d. 1951)
  • 1878 – George M. Cohan, American actor, director, singer and dancer (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – Alfred Korzybski, Polish linguist (d. 1950)
  • 1880 – Carl Schuricht, Polish-born German conductor (d. 1967)
  • 1883 – Franz Kafka, Czech writer (d. 1924)
  • 1900 – Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director (d. 1987)
  • 1903 – Ace Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – George Sanders, Russian-born actor (d. 1972)
  • 1908 – M. F. K. Fisher, American writer (d. 1992)
  • 1908 – Robert B. Meyner, American politician (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Dorothy Kilgallen, American columnist (d. 1965)
  • 1917 – João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – S. V. Ranga Rao, South Indian actor (d. 1974)
  • 1920 – Paul O’Dea, baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1921 – Susan Peters, American actress (d. 1952)
  • 1924 – S. R. Nathan, 6th president of Singapore
  • 1927 – Ken Russell, British director
  • 1930 – Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Tommy Tedesco, American musician (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Pete Fountain, American clarinetist
  • 1933 – Edward Brandt, American doctor and public health official (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Harrison Schmitt, American astronaut and politician
  • 1937 – Tom Stoppard, Czech-born, British playwright
  • 1938 – Bolo Yeung, Hong Kong actor
  • 1939 – László Kovács, Hungarian politician and diplomat
  • 1940 – César Tovar, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – Lamar Alexander, American politician
  • 1940 – Jerzy Buzek, Prime Minister of Poland
  • 1940 – Fontella Bass, American soul singer
  • 1942 – Eddy Mitchell, French singer and actor
  • 1942 – Paco Stanley, Mexican TV personality (d. 1999)
  • 1943 – Kurtwood Smith, American actor
  • 1944 – Michel Polnareff, French singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Michael Cole, American TV actor
  • 1946 – Leszek Miller, Prime Minister of Poland
  • 1947 – Dave Barry, American humorist and author
  • 1947 – Betty Buckley, American actress
  • 1948 – Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
  • 1949 – Jan Smithers, American actress
  • 1949 – Johnnie Wilder, Jr., American singer (Heatwave) (d. 2006)
  • 1950 – Sandra Lee, American writer and TV presenter
  • 1950 – James Hahn, American politician
  • 1950 – Ewen Chatfield, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1951 – Richard Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1951 – Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haitian politician
  • 1952 – Alan Autry, American football player and politician
  • 1955 – Sanma Akashiya, Japanese television performer
  • 1956 – Don Vito, American Viva La Bam castmember
  • 1957 – Laura Branigan, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1958 – Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist
  • 1958 – Siân Lloyd, Welsh weather presenter
  • 1958 – Aaron Tippin, American singer
  • 1959 – Julie Burchill, British journalist and author
  • 1959 – Stephen Pearcy, American singer (Ratt)
  • 1960 – Vince Clarke, British songwriter (Depeche Mode, Yazoo, and Erasure)
  • 1961 – Pedro Romeiras, Portuguese dancer
  • 1961 – Tim Smith, English musician (Cardiacs)
  • 1962 – Tom Cruise, American actor
  • 1962 – Hunter Tylo, American actress
  • 1962 – Thomas Gibson, American actor
  • 1964 – Joanne Harris, British author
  • 1964 – Yeardley Smith, French-born American actress
  • 1965 – Shinya Hashimoto, Japanese wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1965 – Connie Nielsen, Danish actress
  • 1966 – Moises Alou, Dominican baseball player
  • 1966 – Sandra Lee (author), American television host and cookbook author
  • 1969 – Kevin Hearn, Canadian musician (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1970 – Teemu Selänne, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Shawnee Smith, American actress
  • 1970 – Serhiy Honchar, Ukrainian cyclist
  • 1973 – Johnny Terris, Canadian-born actor and director
  • 1973 – Patrick Wilson, American actor
  • 1973 – Emma Cunniffe, British actress
  • 1976 – Andrea Barber, American actress
  • 1976 – Wade Belak, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Henry Olonga, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1976 – Wanderlei Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1979 – Ludivine Sagnier, French actress
  • 1979 – Sotirios Kyrgiakos, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – David Bacani, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Roland Mark Schoeman, South African swimmer
  • 1980 – Kevin Boyle, American basketballer
  • 1982 – Kanika, Indian actress
  • 1984 – Syed Rasel, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1984 – Corey Sevier, Canadian actor
  • 1987 – Sebastian Vettel, German racing driver

July 3 – Deaths:

  • 683 – Pope Leo II
  • 1570 – Aonio Paleario, Italian humanist
  • 1642 – Maria de’ Medici, wife of Henry IV of France (b. 1573)
  • 1672 – Francis Willughby, English biologist (b. 1635)
  • 1704 – Sophia Alekseyevna, regent of Russia (b. 1657)
  • 1749 – William Jones, Welsh mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1778 – Anna Maria Walburga Mozart née Pertl, mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (b. 1720)
  • 1790 – Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l’Isle, French chemist (b. 1736)
  • 1795 – Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (b. 1714)
  • 1795 – Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general and governor of Louisiana (b. 1716)
  • 1809 – Joseph Quesnel, French Canadian composer, poet and playwright (b. 1746)
  • 1858 – Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov, Russian painter (b. 1806)
  • 1863 – George Hull Ward, American general (b. 1826)
  • 1904 – Theodor Herzl, Austrian Zionist (b. 1860)
  • 1904 – Edouard Beaupré, Canadian giant and strongman (b. 1881)
  • 1914 – Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (b. 1836)
  • 1916 – Hetty Green, American businesswoman (b. 1834)
  • 1918 – Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)
  • 1933 – Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (b. 1852)
  • 1935 – André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
  • 1942 – Louis Franchet d’Espèrey, French general (b. 1856)
  • 1954 – Siegfried Handloser, German physician (b. 1895)
  • 1957 – Dolf Luque, baseball player (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Brian Jones, English musician (The Rolling Stones) (drowned) (b. 1942)
  • 1971 – Jim Morrison, American singer (The Doors) (b. 1943)
  • 1977 – Alexander M. Volkov, Russian novelist and mathematician (b. 1891)
  • 1978 – James Daly, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1979 – Louis Durey, French composer (b. 1888)
  • 1981 – Ross Martin, Polish-American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Frank Selke, Canadian ice hockey manager (b. 1893)
  • 1986 – Rudy Vallee, American singer (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Jim Backus, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Don Drysdale, baseball player (b. 1936)
  • 1994 – Lew Hoad, Australian tennis player (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – Pancho Gonzales, American tennis player (b. 1928)
  • 1995 – Eddie Mazur, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)
  • 1998 – Danielle Bunten Berry, American software developer (b. 1949)
  • 1999 – Mark Sandman, American musician (b. 1952)
  • 2000 – Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor (b. 1944)
  • 2001 – Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (b. 1931)
  • 2001 – Johnny Russell, American country singer and songwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Gaetano Alibrandi, Papal diplomat (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Andrian Nikolayev, cosmonaut (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Gaylord Nelson, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Benjamin Hendrickson, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Alice Timander, Swedish dentist (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Boots Randolph, American saxophonist (b. 1927)

July 3 – Holidays:

  • Start of the Dog Days
  • Independence Day in Belarus (when German forces lost Belarus to the Red Army in 1944)

 

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