On This Day in History August 14

August 14 – Events:

  • 1183 – Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan. (Traditional Japanese date: Twenty-fifth Day of the Seventh Month of the Second Year of Juei).
  • 1385 – Portuguese Crisis of 1383–1385: Battle of Aljubarrota – Portuguese forces commanded by King João I and his general Nuno Álvares Pereira defeat the Castilian army of King Juan I.
  • 1598 – Nine Years War: Battle of the Yellow Ford – Irish forces under Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone, defeat an English expeditionary force under Henry Bagenal.
  • 1842 – Indian Wars: Second Seminole War ends, with the Seminoles forced from Florida to Oklahoma.
  • 1846 – The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
  • 1848 – Oregon Territory organized by Act of U.S. Congress.
  • 1880 – Cologne Cathedral, the most famous landmark in Cologne, Germany, completed.
  • 1885 – Japan’s first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
  • 1893 – France introduces motor vehicle registration.
  • 1897 – The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • 1900 – A joint European-Japanese-United States force (Eight-Nation Alliance) occupies Beijing, in a campaign to end the bloody Boxer Rebellion in China.
  • 1901 – The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • 1908 – First beauty contest held in Folkestone, England.
  • 1911 – United States Senate leaders agree to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye’s death.
  • 1912 – United States Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S.-backed government installed there after José Santos Zelaya resigned three years earlier.
  • 1921 – Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People’s Republic is established as a completely independent country.
  • 1925 – The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is completed and goes on line.
  • 1933 – Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970 km²).
  • 1935 – United States Social Security Act passes, creating a government pension system for the retired.
  • 1936 – Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States.
  • 1937 – The beginning of air-to-air combat of the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in general, when 6 Imperial Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers were shot down by the Nationalist Chinese Air Force while raiding Chinese air bases, hence, 14 August has thus become acknowledged and celebrated as Chinese Air Force Day.
  • 1941 – World War II – Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt sign the Atlantic Charter of war stating postwar aims.
  • 1945 – Japan accepts the Allied terms of surrender in World War II and the Emperor records the Imperial Rescript on Surrender (August 15 in Japan standard time).
  • 1947 – Pakistan gains Independence from the British Indian Empire under the administration of United Kingdom and joins the British Commonwealth.
  • 1967 – UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act declares participation in offshore pirate radio illegal.
  • 1969 – United Kingdom troops deploy in Northern Ireland.
  • 1972 – An East German Ilyushin Il-62 crashes during takeoff from East Berlin, killing 156.
  • 1973 – The constitution of 1973 comes into effect in Pakistan
  • 1976 – The Senegalese political party PAI-Rénovation is legally recognized. PAI-Rénovation thus becomes the third legal party in the country.
  • 1980 – Lech Walesa leads strikes at Gdansk, Poland shipyards.
  • 1994 – Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, the terrorist known as “Carlos the Jackal”, is captured.
  • 2003 – Widescale power blackout in the northeast United States and Canada.
  • 2007 – The 2007 Kahtaniya bombings kills at least 400 people.

August 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1297 – Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Japan (d. 1348)
  • 1473 – Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence (d. 1541)
  • 1479 – Princess Catherine of York (d. 1527)
  • 1575 – Robert Hayman, English-born poet (d. 1629)
  • 1586 – William Hutchinson, Rhode Island colonist (d. 1642)
  • 1599 – Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (d. 1671)
  • 1625 – François de Harlay de Champvallon, Archbishop of Paris (d. 1695)
  • 1642 – Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1723)
  • 1653 – Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman (d. 1688)
  • 1688 – Frederick William I of Prussia (d. 1740)
  • 1714 – Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter (d. 1789)
  • 1727 – Henriette-Anne of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d.1752)
  • 1727 – Louise-Elisabeth of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d. 1759)
  • 1740 – Pope Pius VII (d. 1823)
  • 1758 – Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, French painter (d. 1835)
  • 1777 – Francis I of the Two Sicilies (d. 1830)
  • 1777 – Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist (d. 1851)
  • 1817 – Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (d. 1874)
  • 1840 – Richard von Krafft-Ebing, German psychologist (d. 1902)
  • 1847 – Robert Comtesse, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1922)
  • 1851 – Doc Holliday, American gambler and dentist (d. 1887)
  • 1857 – Max Wagenknecht, German composer (d. 1922)
  • 1863 – Ernest Thayer, American poet (d. 1940)
  • 1865 – Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician (d. 1952)
  • 1866 – Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (d. 1962)
  • 1867 – John Galsworthy, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1933)
  • 1867 – Cupid Childs, American baseball player (d. 1912)
  • 1876 – Aleksandar Obrenovic, King of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • 1881 – Francis Ford, American actor (d. 1953)
  • 1882 – Gisela Richter, English art historian (d. 1972)
  • 1908 – Manos Katrakis, Greek actor (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Pierre Schaeffer, French composer (d. 1955)
  • 1911 – Vethathiri, Indian yogi (d. 2006)
  • 1913 – Paul Dean, American baseball player (d. 1981)
  • 1916 – Wellington Mara, Co-Owner of the New York Giants (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Georges Prêtre, French conductor
  • 1925 – Russell Baker, American columnist
  • 1926 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – René Goscinny, French comic-strip author (d. 1977)
  • 1926 – Lina Wertmüller, Italian film director
  • 1929 – Dick Tiger, Nigerian boxer (d. 1971)
  • 1930 – Earl Weaver, American baseball manager
  • 1932 – Lee Hoffman, American author (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist and Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1935 – John Brodie, American football player
  • 1940 – Dash Crofts, American musician
  • 1941 – David Crosby, American musician
  • 1941 – Connie Smith, American singer
  • 1942 – Jackie Oliver, English race car driver
  • 1943 – Jimmy Johnson, American football coach
  • 1945 – Steve Martin, American comedian
  • 1945 – Wim Wenders, German-born film director
  • 1946 – Antonio Fargas, American actor
  • 1946 – Susan Saint James, American actress
  • 1946 – Larry Graham, American musician
  • 1947 – Peter Christian, English actor
  • 1947 – Danielle Steel, American novelist
  • 1947 – Bruce Nash, American television producer
  • 1948 – Terry Adams, American musician (NRBQ)
  • 1950 – Bob Backlund, American wrestler
  • 1950 – Gary Larson, American cartoonist
  • 1951 – Peter Blegvad, American musician (Slapp Happy)
  • 1952 – Carl Lumbly, American actor
  • 1952 – Debbie Meyer, American swimmer
  • 1953 – James Horner, American composer
  • 1953 – Cliff Johnson, American computer game author
  • 1954 – Mark Fidrych, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Jackée Harry, American actress
  • 1956 – Andy King, English footballer
  • 1956 – Rusty Wallace, American race car driver
  • 1956 – Luther Wamble, American guitarist
  • 1957 – Peter Costello, Australian politician
  • 1957 – Gino Hernandez, American wrestler (d. 1986)
  • 1959 – Marcia Gay Harden, American actress
  • 1959 – Magic Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1960 – Sarah Brightman, English soprano
  • 1960 – Cecilia Gasdia, Italian soprano
  • 1961 – Susan Olsen, American actress
  • 1961 – “Hot Stuff” Eddie Gilbert, American wrestler (d. 1995)
  • 1964 – Brannon Braga, American scriptwriter
  • 1965 – Emmanuelle Béart, French actress
  • 1966 – Halle Berry, American actress
  • 1968 – Catherine Bell, American actress
  • 1968 – Darren Clarke, Northern Irish golfer
  • 1968 – Adrian Lester, English actor
  • 1968 – Billy Mavreas, Greek-Canadian cartoonist
  • 1969 – DJ Uncle Al, American hip-hop DJ (d. 2001)
  • 1969 – Stig Tøfting, Danish footballer
  • 1970 – Ctislav Dosedel, Czech tennis player
  • 1971 – Raoul Bova, Italian actor
  • 1972 – Jay Manuel, Canadian make-up artist
  • 1973 – Jared Borgetti, Mexican footballer
  • 1973 – Daisuke Ishiwatari, Japanese game developer and composer
  • 1973 – Jay-Jay Okocha, Nigerian footballer
  • 1973 – Kieren Perkins, Australian swimmer
  • 1974 – Chucky Atkins, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Martin Bulloch, Scottish musician (Mogwai)
  • 1974 – Christopher Gorham, American actor
  • 1974 – Ana Matronic, American singer (Scissor Sisters)
  • 1975 – Mike Vrabel, American football player
  • 1976 – Alex Albrecht, American actor
  • 1976 – Steve Braun, Canadian actor
  • 1977 – Juan Pierre, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Anastasios Kyriakos, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Kate Ritchie, Australian actress
  • 1979 – Paul Burgess, Australian athlete
  • 1979 – Yoichiro Morikawa, Japanese film director
  • 1980 – Estrella Morente, Spanish flamenco singer
  • 1980 – Roy Williams, American football player
  • 1981 – Matthew Etherington, English footballer
  • 1981 – Julius Jones, American football player
  • 1983 – Elena Baltacha, Ukrainian-born tennis player
  • 1983 – Mila Kunis, Ukrainian-born actress
  • 1983 – Leo Núñez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Clay Buchholz, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Josh Gorges, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Christian Gentner, German footballer
  • 1986 – Terin Humphrey, American gymnast
  • 1988 – Shahd Barmada, Syrian singer
  • 1989 – Kyle Turris, Canadian ice hockey player

August 14 – Deaths:

  • 582 – Tiberius II Constantine, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1167 – Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1204 – Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (b. 1182)
  • 1390 – John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (b. 1364)
  • 1430 – Philip I, Duke of Brabant (b. 1404)
  • 1433 – King John I of Portugal (b. 1357)
  • 1464 – Pope Pius II (b. 1405)
  • 1573 – Saito Tatsuoki, Japanese warlord (b. 1548)
  • 1691 – Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnel, Irish rebel (b. 1630)
  • 1704 – Roland Laporte, French Protestant leader (b. 1675)
  • 1727 – William Croft, English composer (b. 1678)
  • 1774 – Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician (b. 1716)
  • 1784 – Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born painter (b. 1718)
  • 1856 – Constant Prévost, French geologist (b. 1787)
  • 1860 – André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (b. 1774)
  • 1870 – David Farragut, American officer of the U.S. Navy (b. 1801)
  • 1874 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (b. 1821)
  • 1905 – Simeon Solomon, British artist (b. 1840)
  • 1928 – Alfred Henschke, ps. Klabund, German writer, poet (b. 1890)
  • 1926 – John H. Moffitt, American politician (b. 1843)
  • 1938 – Hugh Trumble, Australian cricketer (b. 1876)
  • 1941 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1854)
  • 1941 – Saint Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (b. 1894)
  • 1943 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player (b. 1871)
  • 1951 – William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper magnate (b. 1863)
  • 1955 – Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress (b. 1861)
  • 1956 – Bertolt Brecht, German writer (b. 1898)
  • 1958 – Frédéric Joliot, French physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1958 – Konstantin von Neurath, German diplomat (b.1873)
  • 1964 – Johnny Burnette, American Rockabilly singer (b. 1934)
  • 1967 – Bob Anderson, British racing driver (b. 1931)
  • 1972 – Pierre Brasseur, French actor (b. 1905)
  • 1972 – Oscar Levant, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1972 – Jules Romains, French author (b. 1885)
  • 1978 – Nicolas Bentley, British writer (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Dorothy Stratten, Canadian actress and model (b. 1960)
  • 1981 – Karl Böhm, Austrian conductor (b. 1894)
  • 1984 – Spud Davis, American baseball player (b. 1904)
  • 1984 – J. B. Priestley, English playwright (b. 1894)
  • 1985 – Gale Sondergaard, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Robert Calvert, South African singer (Hawkwind) (b. 1945)
  • 1988 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian car maker (b. 1898)
  • 1991 – Alberto Crespo, Argentine racing driver (b. 1920)
  • 1992 – John Sirica, American judge (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – Tony Williams, American singer (The Platters) (b. 1928)
  • 1994 – Elias Canetti, British-Austrian novelist (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Tom Mees, American sportscaster (b. 1949)
  • 1999 – Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Alain Fournier, French-born computer graphics researcher (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Dave Williams, American singer (Drowning Pool) (b. 1972)
  • 2003 – Helmut Rahn, German footballer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Czeslaw Milosz, Polish-born writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-born British politician (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Coo Coo Marlin, American race car driver (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Bruno Kirby, American actor (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian composer (b. 1913)

August 14 – Holidays:

  • Morocco – Allegiance of Oued Eddahab or Río de Oro.
  • Pakistan – Independence Day (1947).
  • Paraguay – Flag Day.

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On This Day in History August 13

August 13 – Events:

  • 3114 BC – According to the Lounsbury correlation, the Maya calendar starts.
  • 1315 – Louis X of France marries Clemence d’Anjou.
  • 1326 – Aradia de Toscano, according to legend/folklore, is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult, subsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria later known as the Malandanti.
  • 1415 – Hundred Years’ War: Henry V of England lands at Chef-en-Caux, France with 8000 men.
  • 1516 – Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain signed. In it, Francis recognises Charles’s claim to Naples, and Charles recognizes Francis’s claim to Milan.
  • 1521 – Tenochtitlán (present day Mexico City) falls to conquistador Hernán Cortés.
  • 1536 – Buddhist monks from Kyoto’s Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).
  • 1553 – Michael Servetus arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.
  • 1704 – War of the Spanish Succession: Battle of Blenheim – English and Austrians victorious over French and Bavarians.
  • 1814 – The Convention of London, a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces, is signed in London.
  • 1904 – Lightning strikes the belltower of the Kirtland Temple. A bucket brigade barely saves the historic structure.
  • 1905 – Norway holds referendum in favour of dissolving the union with Sweden.
  • 1913 – Otto Witte, an acrobat, is crowned King of Albania.
  • 1913 – Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
  • 1918 – Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time. Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enlist.
  • 1918 – Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.
  • 1920 – Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw begins, lasts till August 25. The Red Army is defeated.
  • 1923 – First major sea-going ship arrives at Gdynia, newly constructed Polish seaport.
  • 1937 – Battle of Shanghai begins.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain begins – The Luftwaffe launches a series of attacks on British fighter bases and radar installations.
  • 1954 – Radio Pakistan broadcasts National Anthem of Pakistan for the first time.
  • 1960 – The Central African Republic declares independence from France.
  • 1961 – The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin, to thwart its inhabitants’ attempts to escape to the West.
  • 1968 – Alexandros Panagoulis attempts to assassinate the Greek dictator Colonel G. Papadopoulos in Varkiza, Athens.
  • 2004 – Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
  • 2004 – Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
  • 2004 – 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.

August 13 – Birthdays:

  • 582 – Arnulf of Metz, French bishop and saint (d. 640)
  • 1311 – King Alfonso XI of Castile and Leon (d. 1350)
  • 1313 – Aradia de Toscano, Italian insurrectionist, teacher, and witch
  • 1584 – Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician (d. 1640)
  • 1625 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and physicist (d. 1698)
  • 1662 – Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician (d. 1748)
  • 1666 – William Wotton, English scholar (d. 1727)
  • 1700 – Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1717 – Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French military leader (d. 1776)
  • 1752 – Marie Caroline of Austria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1814)
  • 1764 – Louis Baraguey d’Hilliers, French general (d. 1816)
  • 1790 – William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician (d. 1872)
  • 1792 – Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1849)
  • 1803 – Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1869)
  • 1814 – Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (d. 1874)
  • 1818 – Lucy Stone, American suffragette (d. 1893)
  • 1819 – George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist (d. 1903)
  • 1820 – Sir George Grove, English music historian (d. 1900)
  • 1823 – Goldwin Smith, English-born historian and journalist (d. 1910)
  • 1851 – Felix Adler, German-born educator (d. 1933)
  • 1860 – Annie Oakley, American sharpshooter (d. 1926)
  • 1866 – Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist (d. 1945)
  • 1872 – Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – John Ireland, English composer (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (d. 1952)
  • 1888 – John Logie Baird, Scottish television pioneer (d. 1946)
  • 1888 – Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – Camillien Houde, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (d. 1958)
  • 1890 – Ellen Osiier, Danish Olympic champion fencer (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Bert Lahr, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – Alfred Hitchcock, English film director (d. 1980)
  • 1902 – Felix Wankel, German engineer and inventor (d. 1988)
  • 1904 – Charles ‘Buddy’ Rogers, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1907 – Sir Basil Spence, Scottish architect (d. 1976)
  • 1908 – Gene Raymond, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – William Bernbach, Famous Advertiser (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Ben Hogan, American golfer (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Salvador Luria, Italian-born biologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Fred Davis, English snooker player (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Makarios III, Archbishop and first President of Cyprus (d.1977)
  • 1914 – Luis Mariano, Basque operetta singer (d. 1970)
  • 1917 – Sid Gordon, American baseball player (d. 1975)
  • 1918 – Frederick Sanger, English chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1919 – Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Sir George Shearing, British jazz pianist
  • 1920 – Neville Brand, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1926 – Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary and politician
  • 1930 – Don Ho, American musician (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Wilmer David Mizell, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Bernard Manning, English comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Doctor Joycelyn Elders, American physician, 15th Surgeon General of the United States
  • 1935 – Mudcat Grant, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Rod Hull, British television entertainer (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Dave “Baby” Cortez, American pop keyboardist
  • 1940 – Tony Cloninger, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Erin Fleming, Canadian actress (d. 2003)
  • 1944 – Kevin Tighe, American actor
  • 1944 – Divina Galica, British athlete and racing driver
  • 1945 – Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Margareta Winberg, Swedish politician
  • 1948 – Kathleen Battle, American soprano
  • 1949 – Bobby Clarke, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Dan Fogelberg, American singer/songwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1952 – Herb Ritts, American photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1954 – Nico Assumpção, Brazilian bass player (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Paul Greengrass, English film director
  • 1955 – Keith Ahlers, British racing driver
  • 1955 – Hideo Fukuyama, Japanese racing driver
  • 1958 – Fergal Sharkey, musician
  • 1958 – Sgt. First Class Randall Shughart, posthumous Medal of Honor recipient for actions during the Battle of Mogadishu (d. 1993)
  • 1959 – Danny Bonaduce, American actor
  • 1959 – Tom Niedenfuer, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Phil “The Power” Taylor, English darts player
  • 1960 – Koji Kondo, Japanese composer
  • 1960 – Dawnn Lewis, American actress
  • 1961 – Stuart Maconie, English music writer and broadcaster
  • 1961 – Tom Perrotta, American novelist
  • 1963 – John Slattery, American actor
  • 1964 – Jay Buhner, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Hank Cheyne, American actor
  • 1965 – Hayato Matsuo, Japanese composer
  • 1965 – Ronald Gianadda, American medical dosimetrist
  • 1966 – Shayne Corson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Brian Stidham, pediatric ophthalmologist, murdered (d. 2004)
  • 1967 – Amélie Nothomb, Belgian writer
  • 1969 – Midori Ito, Japanese figure skater
  • 1970 – Will Clarke, American novelist
  • 1970 – Matt Hyson, American professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Alan Shearer, English footballer
  • 1971 – Moritz Bleibtreu, German actor
  • 1971 – Patrick Carpentier, Quebec race car driver
  • 1971 – Rolando Molina, Salvadoran-born actor
  • 1972 – Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour)
  • 1973 – Brittany Andrews, American pornographic actress
  • 1973 – Molly Henneberg, American journalist
  • 1973 – Eric Medlen, American drag racer and rodeo star (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Joe Perry, English snooker player
  • 1975 – Marty Turco, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Shoaib Akhtar, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1977 – Michael Klim, Australian swimmer
  • 1978 – Benjani Mwaruwari, Zimbabwean footballer
  • 1979 – Román Colón, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – Corey Patterson, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Taizo Sugimura, Japanese politician
  • 1982 – Shani Davis, American speed skater
  • 1983 – Ales Hemsky, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Lubomír Michalík, Slovakian footballer
  • 1983 – Sebastian Stan, Romanian-born actor
  • 1984 – Niko Kranjcar, Croatian footballer
  • 1984 – Heath Pearce, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Boone Logan, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Baby Blue, American rapper (Pretty Ricky)
  • 1992 – Katharine Close, Scripps National Spelling Bee champion

August 13 – Deaths:

  • 586 – Radegund, wife of Clotaire I
  • 900 – Zwentibold, last King of Lotharingia (b. 870)
  • 1134 – Piroska of Hungary, Empress consort of John II Comnenus
  • 1382 – Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1523 – Gerard David, Flemish painter
  • 1617 – Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (b. 1540)
  • 1667 – Jeremy Taylor, Irish author and bishop (b. 1613)
  • 1686 – Louis Maimbourg, French-born historian (b. 1610)
  • 1721 – Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (b. 1665)
  • 1744 – John Cruger, Dutch-born Mayor of New York (b. 1678)
  • 1749 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (b. 1719)
  • 1755 – Francesco Durante, Italian composer (b. 1684)
  • 1826 – René Laënnec, French physician (b. 1781)
  • 1863 – Eugène Delacroix, French painter (b. 1798)
  • 1865 – Ignaz Semmelweis, Austro-Hungarian physician (b. 1818)
  • 1910 – Florence Nightingale, English nurse (b. 1820)
  • 1912 – Jules Massenet, French composer (b. 1842)
  • 1917 – Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1937 – Arthur Plunkett, Australian civil engineer (b. unknown)
  • 1946 – H. G. Wells, English writer (b. 1866)
  • 1948 – Elaine Hammerstein, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1958 – Otto Witte, acrobat and King of Albania (b. 1868)
  • 1965 – Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Joe Tex, American singer and songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 1984 – Tigran Petrosian, Soviet/Armenian chess player (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – Tim Richmond, American race car driver (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Larkin Smith, U.S. Representative from Mississippi (b. 1944)
  • 1991 – Jack Ryan, American designer (Barbie) (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Jan Kresadlo, Czech-born writer (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Mickey Mantle, American baseball player (b. 1931)
  • 1996 – António de Spínola, Portuguese general and politician, 15 President of Portugal (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – David Tudor, American pianist and composer (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Julien Green, American novelist ((b. 1900)
  • 1998 – Nino Ferrer, French-Italian singer and composer (b. 1934)
  • 1999 – Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian, murdered (b. 1960)
  • 2000 – Nazia Hassan, Pakistani pop singer (b. 1965)
  • 2001 – Otto Stuppacher, Austrian racing driver (b. 1947)
  • 2003 – Ed Townsend, American songwriter and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Julia Child, American chef and television personality (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – David Lange, 32 Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Payao Poontarat, Thai Olympic boxer (b. 1957)
  • 2006 – Tony Jay, English actor (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Brian Adams, aka Demolition Crush, American professional wrestler (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (b. 1902)
  • 2007 – Yone Minagawa, Japanese woman, oldest person (b. 1893)
  • 2007 – Phil Rizzuto, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1917)

August 13 – Holidays:

  • International Lefthanders Day.
  • Laos – Lao Issara, Day of the Free Laos.

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On This Day in History August 12

August 12 – Events:

  • 30 BC – Cleopatra commits suicide after her lover, Mark Antony’s defeat at the battle of Actium.
  • 1099 – First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon – Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid forces under Al-Afdal Shahanshah. Considered the last engagement of the First Crusade.
  • 1121 – Battle of Didgori: The Georgian army under King David the Builder won a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.
  • 1164 – Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.
  • 1281 – The fleet of Qubilai Khan is destroyed by a typhoon while approaching Japan.
  • 1323 – Treaty of Nöteborg – Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) regulates the border for the first time.
  • 1332 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Dupplin Moor – Scots under Domhnall II, Earl of Mar routed by Edward Balliol.
  • 1480 – Battle of Otranto – Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam.
  • 1499 – First act of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets.
  • 1676 – Praying Indian John Alderman shot and killed Metacomet the Wampanoag war chief, ending King Philip’s War.
  • 1687 – Charles of Lorraine defeats the Ottomans at the Battle of Mohács.
  • 1793 – The Rhône department was created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two  departments: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
  • 1806 – Santiago de Liniers re-takes the city of Buenos Aires after the first British invasion.
  • 1833 – Chicago was founded.
  • 1851 – Isaac Singer granted a patent for his sewing machine.
  • 1877 – Asaph Hall discovers Deimos.
  • 1883 – The last quagga dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
  • 1898 – Armistice ends the Spanish-American War.
  • 1898 – The Hawaiian flag is lowered from Iolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the American flag to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawai`i to the United States.
  • 1908 – First Model T Ford built.
  • 1914 – World War I – Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary; British Empire countries automatically included.
  • 1925 – The first cast of Alpha Psi Omega, drawn from The Masquers of Fairmont College, West Virginia, was initiated.
  • 1943 – Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • 1944 – Waffen SS troops massacre more than 500 civilians in Sant’Anna di Stazzema.
  • 1944 – Alençon liberated by General Leclerc, the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazis by the Allied forces.
  • 1952 – The Night of the Murdered Poets – Thirteen prominent Jewish intellectuals were murdered in Moscow.
  • 1953 – Nuclear testing: The Soviet atomic bomb project proceeded with the detonation of Joe 4, the first Soviet thermonuclear weapon.
  • 1960 – Echo I, the first communications satellite, launched
  •  1964 – South Africa is banned from the Olympic Games due to its racist policy.
  • 1964 – Charlie Wilson, one of the Great Train Robbers escapes from Winson Green Prison in Birmingham, England.
  • 1969 – Battle of the Bogside, Catholic community of Derry engage in two-day battle with the Royal Ulster Constabulary
  • 1972 – The last American combat ground troops leave Vietnam.
  • 1977 – The first free flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
  • 1978 – Japan and the People’s Republic of China sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1980 – Signing of the Montevideo Treaty, which established the Latin American Integration Association.
  • 1981 – The IBM Personal Computer is released.
  • 1982 – Mexico announces it is unable to pay its enormous external debt, marking the beginning of a debt crisis that spread to all of Latin America and the Third World.
  • 1985 – Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes into Mount Ogura in Gunma Prefecture, Japan, killing 520. It is the worst single-plane air disaster.
  • 1990 – Sue, the most complete skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus rex, is discovered near Faith, South Dakota.
  • 1992 – Canada, Mexico, and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
  • 1994 – Major League Baseball players go on strike. The work stoppage forces the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.
  • 2000 – The Oscar class submarine K-141 Kursk of the Russian Navy exploded and sank in the Barents Sea during a military exercise.
  • 2005 – Sri Lanka’s foreign minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, is fatally shot by a sniper at his home.
  • 2005 – An F2 tornado strikes the coal mining town of Wright, Wyoming, destroying nearly 100 homes and killing two people.
  • 2005 – Civil unrest provoked in the Maldives
  • 2005 – An F1 tornado strikes Glen Cove, New York, a rare event on Long Island
  • 2007 – Bulk carrier M/V New Flame collides with oil tanker Torm Gertrud at the southernmost tip of Gibraltar, ending up partially submerged.

August 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1503 – Christian III of Denmark and Norway (d. 1559)
  • 1566 – Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (d. 1633)
  • 1604 – Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1651)
  • 1629 – Tsar Alexei I of Russia (d. 1676)
  • 1643 – King Afonso VI of Portugal (d. 1683)
  • 1644 – Heinrich Ignaz Biber, Bohemian composer (d. 1704)
  • 1647 – Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (d. 1719)
  • 1686 – John Balguy, English philosopher (d. 1748)
  • 1696 – Maurice Greene, English composer (d. 1755)
  • 1720 – Konrad Ekhof, German actor (d. 1778)
  • 1762 – King George IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1830)
  • 1774 – Robert Southey, English poet and biographer (d. 1843)
  • 1856 – “Diamond Jim” Brady, American financier (d. 1917)
  • 1859 – Katharine Lee Bates, American poet (d. 1929)
  • 1866 – Jacinto Benavente, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1867 – Edith Hamilton, German classicist (d. 1963)
  • 1872 – Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1956)
  • 1876 – Mary Roberts Rinehart, American author (d. 1958)
  • 1880 – Radclyffe Hall, British author (d. 1943)
  • 1880 – Christy Mathewson, American baseball player (d. 1925)
  • 1881 – Cecil B. DeMille, American director (d. 1959)
  • 1883 – Pauline Frederick, American actress (d. 1938)
  • 1885 – Jean Cabannes, French physicist (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Marion Lorne, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist and newspaper owner (d. 1952)
  • 1887 – Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1889 – Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • 1892 – Alfred Lunt, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1902 – Mohammad Hatta, Vice President of Indonesia 1945-1956 (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich of Russia, only son of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1906 – Harry Hopman, Australian-born tennis player and coach (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – Tedd Pierce, American animator (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Joe Besser, American actor and comedian (d. 1988)
  • 1909 – Richard Bare, American director
  • 1910 – Jane Wyatt, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1910 – Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (d. 1970)
  • 1911 – Cantinflas, Mexican actor (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Samuel Fuller, American film director (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Ruth Lowe, Canadian pianist and composer (I’ll Never Smile Again) (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Michael Kidd, American choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Guy Gibson, British aviator, awarded Victoria Cross (d. 1944)
  • 1919 – Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (d. 1971)
  • 1924 – Derek Shackleton, English cricketer (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, leader of Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • 1925 – Norris McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Ross McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (d. 1975)
  • 1925 – George Wetherill, American scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – John Derek, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1926 – Joe Jones, American R&B singer (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Wallace Markfield, American writer (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Porter Wagoner, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Charles Blackman, Australian artist
  • 1928 – Bob Buhl, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Dan Curtis, film and television producer and director
  • 1929 – Buck Owens, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – George Soros Hungarian-American financier and political activist
  • 1930 – Jacques Tits, Belgian mathematician
  • 1931 – William Goldman, American screenwriter
  • 1932 – Charlie O’Donnell, American game show announcer
  • 1932 – Somdej Phra Nangchao Sirikit Phra Boromarajininat HM Queen Sirikit of Thailand
  • 1933 – Parnelli Jones, American race car driver and team owner
  • 1935 – John Cazale, Italian-American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1937 – Walter Dean Myers, African-American author
  • 1938 – Jean-Paul L’Allier, Canadian Mayor of Quebec
  • 1939 – George Hamilton, American actor
  • 1939 – Roy Romanow, Canadian politician
  • 1939 – Michael D. Antonovich, American politician
  • 1941 – Réjean Ducharme, Quebec novelist and playwright
  • 1943 – Deborah Walley, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1944 – Peter Hofmann, German tenor
  • 1947 – Ron Mael, American musician (Sparks)
  • 1947 – Sam Rosen, American sportscaster
  • 1949 – Panagiotis Chinofotis, Greek politician
  • 1949 – Mark Knopfler OBE, Scottish guitarist (Dire Straits)
  • 1950 – Jim Beaver, American actor and writer
  • 1951 – Willie Horton, American murderer and rapist
  • 1952 – Chen Kaige, Chinese film director
  • 1954 – Sam J. Jones, American actor
  • 1954 – Pat Metheny, American guitarist
  • 1955 – Ann M. Martin, American author
  • 1955 – Terry Taylor, American retired professional wrestler
  • 1956 – Bruce Greenwood, Canadian actor
  • 1960 – Laurent Fignon, French cyclist
  • 1961 – Roy Hay, British guitarist and keyboardist (Culture Club)
  • 1961 – Lawrence Hayward, English musician (Felt, Denim, Go Kart Mozart)
  • 1962 – Miss Cleo, American psychic
  • 1963 – Sir Mix A Lot, American rapper
  • 1965 – Peter Krause, American actor
  • 1966 – Les Ferdinand, English footballer
  • 1967 – Regilio Tuur, Dutch boxer
  • 1967 – Andrey Plotnikov, Russian race walker
  • 1967 – Andy Hui, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1968 – Andras Jones, American actor
  • 1969 – Aga Muhlach, Filipino actor
  • 1970 – Anthony Swofford, American novelist
  • 1970 – Jim Schlossnagle, baseball coach
  • 1970 – Charles Mesure, British actor
  • 1971 – Michael Ian Black, American comedian
  • 1971 – Rebecca Gayheart, American actress
  • 1971 – Pete Sampras, American tennis player
  • 1972 – Mark Kinsella, Irish footballer
  • 1972 – Takanohana, Sumo yokozuna
  • 1973 – Joseba Beloki, Spanish cyclist
  • 1973 – Jonathan Coachman, American professional wrestler and executive
  • 1973 – Todd Marchant, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Richard Reid (shoe bomber)
  • 1973 – Yvette Nicole Brown, American actress
  • 1973 – Sayyed Muqtada al-Sadr – son of Ayatollah Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr
  • 1973 – Grey DeLisle, American voice actress
  • 1974 – Matt Clement, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Casey Affleck, American actor
  • 1975 – David Filmore, American actor
  • 1976 – Mikko Viljami “Linde” Lindström, Finnish guitarist
  • 1976 – Antoine Walker, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Wednesday 13, American musician (Wednesday 13, Murderdolls)
  • 1976 – Brad Lukowich, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Richard McCourt, English children’s television presenter
  • 1976 – Henry Tuilagi, Samoan rugby player
  • 1977 – Plaxico Burress, American football player
  • 1977 – Jesper Grønkjær, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Park Yong-ha, South Korean actor and singer
  • 1978 – Hayley Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Chris Chambers, American football player
  • 1979 – D.J. Houlton, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Cindy Klassen, Canadian speed skater
  • 1980 – Maggie Lawson, American actress
  • 1980 – Dominique Swain, American actress
  • 1980 – Matt Thiessen, Canadian-born musician (Relient K)
  • 1980 – Jade Villalon, American singer/songwriter
  • 1981 – Tony Capaldi, Northern Ireland footballer
  • 1981 – Djibril Cissé, French footballer
  • 1982 – Alexandros Tzorvas, Greek footballer
  • 1984 – Marian Rivera, Filipino actress
  • 1988 – Leah Pipes, American actress

August 12 – Deaths:

  • 30 BC – Cleopatra (b. 69 BC)
  • 875 – Louis II Holy Roman Emperor (b. 825)
  • 1424 – Yongle, Emperor of China (b. 1460)
  • 1484 – George of Trebizond, Greek philosopher (b. 1395)
  • 1484 – Pope Sixtus IV (b. 1414)
  • 1512 – Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1577 – Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (b. 1513)
  • 1588 – Alfonso Ferrabosco (I), Italian composer (b. 1543)
  • 1612 – Giovanni Gabrieli, Italian composer
  • 1633 – Jacopo Peri, Italian composer (b. 1561)
  • 1638 – Johannes Althusius, German writer (b. 1557)
  • 1648 – Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1615)
  • 1674 – Philippe de Champaigne, French painter (b. 1602)
  • 1689 – Pope Innocent XI (b. 1611)
  • 1778 – Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, British general and politician (b.  1714)
  • 1809 – Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal (b. 1738)
  • 1810 – Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (b. 1725)
  • 1822 – Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, English politician and statesman (b. 1769)
  • 1827 – William Blake, English poet and artist (b. 1757)
  • 1848 – George Stephenson, British locomotive designer (b. 1781)
  • 1861 – Eliphalet Remington, American inventor, designer of the Remington rifle (b. 1793)
  • 1864 – Sakuma Shozan, Japanese reformer (b. 1811)
  • 1865 – William Jackson Hooker, English botanist (b. 1785)
  • 1891 – James Russell Lowell, American poet and essayist (b. 1819)
  • 1896 – Thomas Chamberlain, officer of the 20th Maine at the Battle of Gettysburg
  • 1900 – Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player (b. 1836)
  • 1901 – Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish explorer (b. 1832)
  • 1914 – John Philip Holland, Irish submarine designer (b. 1840)
  • 1918 – Anna Held, Polish-born actress and singer (b. 1872)
  • 1922 – Arthur Griffith, President of Ireland (b. 1871)
  • 1928 – Leoš Janácek, Czech composer (b. 1854)
  • 1934 – Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Dutch architect (b. 1856)
  • 1935 – Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (b. 1851)
  • 1943 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer (b. 1857)
  • 1948 – Harry Brearley, English inventor (b. 1871)
  • 1952 – David Bergelson, Yiddish language writer (b. 1884)
  • 1955 – Thomas Mann, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1875)
  • 1955 – James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1959 – Mike O’Neill, Irish-born American baseball player (b. 1877)
  • 1964 – Ian Fleming, English novelist (James Bond) (b. 1908)
  • 1968 – Esther Forbes, Amarican novelist (b. 1891)
  • 1973 – Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1973 – Karl Ziegler, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1898)
  • 1979 – Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1982 – Henry Fonda, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Salvador Sanchez, Mexican boxer (b. 1959)
  • 1982 – Varlam Shalamov, Russian writer (b. 1907)
  • 1985 – Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer (plane crash) (b. 1941)
  • 1985 – Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (b. 1951)
  • 1988 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, Haitian-American artist (b. 1960)
  • 1988 – Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Deva Gosvami Maharaja, religious Guru from India (b. 1895)
  • 1989 – William Shockley, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1989 – Samuel Okwaraji, Nigerian footballer (b. 1964)
  • 1990 – B. Kliban, American cartoonist (b. 1935)
  • 1990 – Dorothy Mackaill, British-born American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – John Cage, American composer (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Robert Gravel, French Canadian actor and theatrical director (b. 1945)
  • 1996 – Mark Gruenwald, American comic book writer and editor (b. 1953)
  • 1997 – Luther Allison, American musician (b. 1939)
  • 1999 – Jean Drapeau, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Loretta Young, American actress (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Enos Slaughter, American baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Sir Godfrey Hounsfield, English electrical engineer and inventor, Nobel laureate (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Peter Woodthorpe, British actor (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – John Loder, co-founder of the anarcho-punk band CRASS (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Merv Griffin, American television host and game show creator (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Mike Wieringo, American comic book artist (b. 1962)

August 12 – Holidays:

  • United Nations – International Youth Day (since 1999)
  • Glorious Twelfth at the Yorkshire Dales
  • Thailand – The Queen’s Birthday, Mother’s Day

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On This Day in History August 11

August 11 – Events:

  • 2492 BC – Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
  • 480 BC – Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium – The Persians achieve a naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought near Artemisium, a promontory on the north coast of Euboea. The Greek fleet holds its own against the Persians in three days of fighting but withdraws southward when news comes of the defeat at Thermopylae.
  • 355 – Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
  • 1786 – Captain Francis Light established the British colony of Penang in Malaysia.
  • 1804 – Francis II assumed title of first Emperor of Austria.
  • 1828 – William Corder is hanged at Bury St. Edmunds, England, for the murder of Maria Marten at the Red Barn a year earlier.
  • 1858 – First ascent of the Eiger.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1918 – World War I – Battle of Amiens ends.
  • 1919 – Constitution of Weimar Republic adopted.
  • 1920 – The Latvia-Bolshevist Russia peace treaty, which relinquished Russia’s authority and pretenses to Latvia, is signed.
  • 1929 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 1934 – Federal prison opened at Alcatraz Island.
  • 1952 – Hussein proclaimed king of Jordan.
  • 1960 – Chad declares independence.
  • 1965 – Race riots (the Watts riots) begin in Watts area of Los Angeles, California.
  • 1968 – The last steam passenger train service ran in Britain. A British Rail steam locomotive made the 314-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and returned to Liverpool before being dispatched to the Wrecking yard.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The last United States ground combat unit depart South Vietnam.
  • 1975 – East Timor: Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a coup by the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.
  • 1987 – Alan Greenspan becomes Chairman of the United States Federal Reserve.
  • 1999 – A total solar eclipse visible from Europe and Asia.
  • 1999 – The exceptional Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one.
  • 2003 – NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
  • 2003 – Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2003 – A heat wave in Paris resulted in temperatures rising to 112°F (44° C), leaving about 144 people dead.

August 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1467 – Mary of York, English princess (d. 1482)
  • 1667 – Anna Maria Luisa de’ Medici, last of the Medicis (d. 1743)
  • 1673 – Richard Mead, English physician (d. 1754)
  • 1718 – Sir Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (d. 1791)
  • 1722 – Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
  • 1778 – Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German (Prussian) gymnastics educator and nationalist (d. 1852)
  • 1794 – James Barton Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869)
  • 1807 – David Rice Atchison, American politician (d. 1886)
  • 1833 – Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and soldier (d. 1899)
  • 1833 – Kido Takayoshi, Japanese politician (d. 1877)
  • 1836 – Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
  • 1837 – Marie François Sadi Carnot, French statesman (d. 1894)
  • 1858 – Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1863 – Gaston Doumergue, President of the French Third Republic (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Tom Richardson, English cricketer (d. 1912)
  • 1870 – Walter Bowman, Canadian soccer player (d. ?)
  • 1872 – Shidehara Kijuro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1951)
  • 1892 – Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (d. 1962)
  • 1892 – Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet (d. 1978)
  • 1897 – Louise Bogan, American poet (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Enid Blyton, English author (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1905 – Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – Ted a’Beckett, Australian cricketer (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)
  • 1912 – Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (d. 2004)
  • 1913 – Angus Wilson, British novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Paul Dupuis, French Canadian actor (d. 1976)
  • 1913 – Bob Scheffing, American professional baseball player and manager (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Angus Wilson, English novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – José Silva, American parapsychologist (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (d. 1956)
  • 1919 – Ginette Neveu, French violinist (d. 1949)
  • 1920 – Chuck Rayner, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Alex Haley, American historian (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Mike Douglas, American entertainer (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Floyd Curry, National Hockey League player (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Aaron Klug, Lithuanian-born chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1926 – Claus von Bülow, Danish-born British socialite and business mogul who was acquitted of attempted murder of his wife Sunny von Bülow
  • 1928 – Arlene Dahl, American actress
  • 1932 – Fernando Arrabal, Spanish writer
  • 1932 – Israel Asper, Canadian tax lawyer (d. 2003)
  • 1932 – John Gorrie, English director
  • 1933 – Jerry Falwell, American preacher (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Andre Dubus, American short-story writer (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
  • 1939 – Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly performer (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Mike Hugg, British musician (Manfred Mann)
  • 1943 – Abigail Folger, American coffee heiress and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 1943 – Stefania Toczyska, Polish mezzo-soprano
  • 1944 – Ian McDiarmid, Scottish actor
  • 1944 – Fred Smith, American entrepreneur
  • 1946 – Marilyn vos Savant, American newspaper columnist
  • 1946 – John Conlee, American country music singer
  • 1947 – Georgios Karatzaferis, Greek politician
  • 1948 – Jan Palach, Czechoslovakian student protester
  • 1949 – Eric Carmen, American musician
  • 1950 – Erik Brann, American Musician, Guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1950 – Gennidy Nikonov, Russian weapons inventor
  • 1950 – Steve Wozniak, American computer pioneer
  • 1951 – Vincent Bilodeau, Quebec actor and comedian
  • 1953 – Hulk Hogan, American professional wrestler
  • 1954 – Joe Jackson, English singer
  • 1954 – Juan Maria Solare, Argentine composer
  • 1955 – Sylvia Hermon, British politician
  • 1955 – Marc Bureau, French Canadian politician
  • 1956 – Pierre-Louis Lions, French mathematician
  • 1957 – Richie Ramone, American musician (The Ramones)
  • 1957 – Ian Stuart Donaldson, British singer (Skrewdriver)
  • 1959 – Gustavo Cerati, Argentinian musician (Soda Stereo)
  • 1959 – Yoshiaki Murakami, Japanese investor
  • 1963 – Hiromi Makihara, Japanese baseball player
  • 1964 – Jim Lee, Korean-born comic book artist
  • 1964 – Miguel A. Núñez Jr., American actor
  • 1965 – Marc Bergevin, professional ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Shinji Mikami, video game designer
  • 1965 – Viola Davis, American actress
  • 1966 – Nigel Martyn, English footballer
  • 1966 – Embeth Davidtz, American actress
  • 1967 – Enrique Bunbury, Spanish singer
  • 1967 – Collin Chou, Taiwanese actor
  • 1967 – Joe Rogan, American television host
  • 1968 – Lorenzo Bernardi, Italian volleyball player
  • 1968 – Charlie Sexton, American musician
  • 1968 – Alan Kelly, England-born Irish footballer
  • 1968 – Veda Hille, Canadian singer
  • 1968 – Princess Mabel of Orange-Nassau
  • 1969 – Jonah Matranga, American singer
  • 1969 – Ashley Jensen, Scottish actress
  • 1970 – Andy Bell, English musician (Ride, Hurricane #1, Oasis)
  • 1971 – Tommy Mooney, English football player
  • 1971 – Alejandra Barros, Mexican actress
  • 1972 – Jonathon Prandi, American model
  • 1973 – Nigel Harman, British actor
  • 1974 – Audrey Mestre, French diver
  • 1974 – Will Friedle, American actor
  • 1974 – Hadiqa Kiyani, Pakistani pop star
  • 1974 – Marie-France Dubreuil, French Canadian figure skater
  • 1975 – Davey von Bohlen, American musician (The Promise Ring, Maritime)
  • 1976 – Ben Gibbard, American musician (Death Cab for Cutie, The Postal Service)
  • 1976 – Lubomir Visnovsky, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Bubba Crosby, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Erick Lindgren, American poker player
  • 1978 – Jermain Taylor, American boxer
  • 1978 – Amber Brkich, American reality television personality
  • 1980 – Lee Suggs, American football player
  • 1981 – Sandi Thom, Scottish born singer
  • 1981 – Fiona Sit, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1982 – Alan Halsall, British actor
  • 1984 – Melky Cabrera, Dominican baseball player
  • 1984 – Katie Rees, American Miss Nevada USA
  • 1984 – Lucas di Grassi, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1985 – Grace Adams-Short, British reality television contestant
  • 1988 – Patrick Mills, Australian basketball player
  • 1991 – Thomas Riley, American Tennis Player
  • 1993 – Alyson Stoner, American actress

August 11 – Deaths

  • 480 BC – Leonidas, King of Sparta
  • 353 – Magnentius, Roman usurper
  • 449 – Flavian, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 897 – Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona
  • 1204 – King Guttorm of Norway (b. 1199)
  • 1253 – Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (b. 1194)
  • 1456 – John Hunyadi, regent of Hungary (b. 1387)
  • 1464 – Nicholas of Cusa, German philosopher and mathematician (b. 1401)
  • 1494 – Hans Memling, Flemish painter
  • 1519 – Johann Tetzel, German opponent of the Reformation (b. 1465)
  • 1563 – Bartolomé de Escobedo, Spanish composer
  • 1578 – Pedro Nunes, Portuguese mathematician (b. 1502)
  • 1596 – Hamnet Shakespeare, dies at age 11.
  • 1614 – Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter (b. 1552)
  • 1656 – Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, Austrian field marshal (b. 1599)
  • 1774 – Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722)
  • 1813 – Henry James Pye, English poet (b. 1745)
  • 1851 – Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (b. 1779)
  • 1854 – Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (b. 1798)
  • 1886 – Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (b. 1843)
  • 1890 – John Henry Cardinal Newman, English Catholic cardinal (b. 1801)
  • 1892 – Enrico Betti, Italian mathematician (b. 1813)
  • 1903 – Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rican educator, philosopher and nationalist (b. 1839)
  • 1919 – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-born industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1835)
  • 1936 – Blas Infante, Spanish writer and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1937 – Edith Wharton, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1939 – Jean Bugatti, Italian automobile designer (b. 1909)
  • 1953 – Tazio Nuvolari, Italian race car driver (b. 1892)
  • 1956 – Jackson Pollock, American artist (b. 1912)
  • 1961 – Antanas Škema, Lithuanian writer, stage actor and director (b. 1910)
  • 1972 – Max Theiler, South African virologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – Jan Tschichold, German typographer (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Tom Drake, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1984 – Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian–German chess player (b. 1916)
  • 1988 – Anne Ramsey, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 1991 – J. D. McDuffie, NASCAR driver (b. 1939)
  • 1994 – Peter Cushing, British actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Phil Harris, American singer, songwriter, and comedian (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Rafael Kubelík, Czech-born conductor and composer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Mel Taylor, American drummer (The Ventures) (b. 1933)
  • 2000 – Jean Papineau-Couture, Canadian composer (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Percy Stallard, English racing cyclist (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Galen Rowell, photographer and climber (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Herb Brooks, American ice hockey coach (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – James Booth, English actor (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (b. 1925)

August 11-Holidays

  • There are no known holidays on this date.

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On This Day in History August 10

August 10 – Events:

  • 612 BC – Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire. Destruction of Nineveh.
  • 610 – In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammed began to receive the Qur’an.
  • 955 – Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Magyars, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of the West.
  • 991 – Battle of Maldon: English, led by Bryhtnoth, confront a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon in Essex. The English are defeated and the story is immortalized in a well-known poem.
  • 1316 – Second Battle of Athenry
  • 1519 – Ferdinand Magellan’s five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe.
  • 1557 – Battle of St. Quentin Spanish victory over the French in the Habsburg-Valois Wars
  • 1628 – The Swedish warship Vasa sinks in the Stockholm harbour after only about 20 minutes on her maiden voyage.
  • 1675 – The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London was laid.
  • 1680 – Pueblo Revolt begins in New Mexico.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.
  • 1792 – French Revolution: Storming of the Tuileries Palace. Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody.
  • 1809 – Quito, now the capital of Ecuador, declares independence from Spain.
  • 1821 – Missouri is admitted as the 24th U.S. state.
  • 1846 – The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by the U.S. Congress after $500,000 was given for such a purpose by scientist James Smithson.
  • 1856 – In Last Island, Louisiana, the 1856 Last Island Hurricane kills between 200 and 400 people.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Wilson’s Creek – The war enters Missouri when a band of raw Confederate troops defeat Union forces in the southwestern part of the state.
  • 1893 – At Augsburg, Rudolf Diesel’s prime model runs on its own power for the first time. Because of this, August 10 is the International Biodiesel Day.
  • 1901 – The U.S. Steel Recognition Strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers begins.
  • 1904 – The Battle of the Yellow Sea between the Russian and Japanese battleship fleets.
  • 1905 – Russian and Japanese peace negotiations begin in Portsmouth.
  • 1913 – Second Balkan War ends: Delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war.
  • 1920 – World War I: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI’s representatives sign the Treaty of Sèvres which divides up the Ottoman Empire between the Allies.
  • 1923 – US: Carlo Tresca, Italian-American anarchist, arrested.
  • 1932 – A 5.1-kg (11.2-pound) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
  • 1934 – US: Anarchist conference at Stelton, N.J., August 10-11
  • 1944 – World War II: American forces defeat the last Japanese troops on Guam.
  • 1948 – Candid Camera makes its television debut after being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone.
  • 1949 – US President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment, streamlining the defense agencies of the United States government, and replacing the National Military Establishment with the United States Department of Defense.
  • 1954 – At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held.
  • 1969 – A day after murdering Sharon Tate and four others, members of Charles Manson’s cult kill Leno and Rosemary LaBianca.
  • 1971 – Harmon Killebrew becomes the 10th member of the 500 home run club with a home run at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota.
  • 1971 – The Society for American Baseball Research is founded in Cooperstown, New York.
  • 1977 – In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz (“Son of Sam”) is arrested for a series of killings in the New York City area over a year’s period.
  • 1981 – The head of John Walsh’s son Adam is found in Hollywood, Florida. This event will later prompt the U.S. Congress to pass the Missing Children’s Act to give the Federal Bureau of Investigation greater authority to track the disappearance of children, as well as the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. It also makes Walsh a national spokesman against crime and eventually leads to the establishment of America’s Most Wanted.
  • 1988 – Japanese American Internment: US President Ronald Reagan signs the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, providing $20,000 payments to Japanese-Americans who were either interned or relocated by in the United States during World War II.
  • 1990 – The Magellan space probe reaches Venus.
  • 1990 – The Massacre of more than 127 Muslims in the North East Sri Lanka by the paramilitaries.
  • 1995 – Oklahoma City bombing: Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are indicted for the bombing. Michael Fortier pleads guilty in a plea-bargain agreement for his testimony.
  • 1995 – Los Angeles Dodgers are forced to forfeit against the St. Louis Cardinals after fans throw souvenir baseballs on to the field en masse.
  • 1998 – The Royal Proclamation of HRH Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah as the Crown Prince of Brunei.
  • 2000 – World Population reaches 6 billion according to http://www.ibiblio.org world population tracker.
  • 2001 – The Hudson River Way is opened to traffic.
  • 2003 – The highest temperature ever is recorded in the UK, 38.5°C (101.3°F), occurs in Kent. It is the first time the UK has recorded a temperature over 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • 2003 – Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko becomes the first person to marry in space.
  • 2006 – Scotland Yard disrupts major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft travelling from the United Kingdom to the United States. All toiletries are banned from commercial airplanes.

August 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1267 – King James II of Aragon (d. 1327)
  • 1296 – John I, Count of Luxemburg (d. 1346)
  • 1360 – Francesco Zabarella, Italian jurist (d. 1417)
  • 1397 – Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1439)
  • 1489 – Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (d. 1553)
  • 1520 – Madeleine de Valois, wife of James V of Scotland (d. 1537)
  • 1560 – Hieronymus Praetorius, German composer (d. 1629)
  • 1602 – Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (d. 1675)
  • 1645 – Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (d. 1711)
  • 1737 – Anton Losenko, Russian painter (d. 1773)
  • 1744 – Alexandrine-Jeanne d’Étiolles (nicknamed “Fanfan”), daughter of the courtesan Madame de Pompadour (d. 1754)
  • 1810 – Camillo Benso, conte di Cavour, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia
  • 1814 – Henri Nestlé, Swiss industrialist (d. 1890)
  • 1821 – Jay Cooke, American financier (d. 1905)
  • 1823 – Hugh Stowell Brown, Manx preacher (d.1886)
  • 1839 – Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1845 – Abai Kunanbaev, Kazakh poet (d. 1904)
  • 1856 – William Willett, English inventor of Daylight Saving Time (d. 1915)
  • 1860 – Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (d. 1936)
  • 1865 – Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer (d. 1936)
  • 1869 – Laurence Binyon, British poet (d. 1943)
  • 1874 – Herbert Clark Hoover, 31st President of the United States (d. 1964)
  • 1874 – Bill Johnson, American musician (d. 1972)
  • 1877 – Frank Marshall, American chess player (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Alfred Döblin, German writer (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (d.  1964)
  • 1884 – Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (d. 1935)
  • 1890 – Angus L. MacDonald, Canadian politician (d. 1954)
  • 1894 – Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fourth President of India (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Jack Haley, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Arthur Espie Porritt, New Zealand politician and athlete (d. 1994)
  • 1902 – Norma Shearer, Canadian actress (d. 1983)
  • 1902 – Curt Siodmak, German-born author (d. 2000)
  • 1902 – Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Ward Moore, American author (d. 1978)
  • 1905 – Era Bell Thompson, American journalist (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Leo Fender, American luthier (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – Jorge Amado, Brazilian novelist (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Wolfgang Paul, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Noah Beery, Jr., American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Jeff Corey, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Carlos Menditéguy, Argentine racing driver (d. 1973)
  • 1919 – Sacha Vierny, French cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Rhonda Fleming, American actress
  • 1927 – Vernon Washington, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1928 – Jimmy Dean, American singer
  • 1928 – Gus Mercurio, American-born Australian actor
  • 1928 – Eddie Fisher, American singer
  • 1933 – Doyle Brunson, American poker player
  • 1933 – Rocky Colavito, American baseball player
  • 1933 – Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth; d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Anatoly Sobchak, Russian politician
  • 1939 – Kate O’Mara, British actress
  • 1940 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer (Righteous Brothers) (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Betsey Johnson, American fashion designer
  • 1943 – Ronnie Spector, American singer (Ronettes)
  • 1943 – Louise Forestier, French Canadian singer, songwriter and actress
  • 1943 – Jimmy Griffin, American guitarist (Bread) (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Michael Mantler, American trumpeter and composer
  • 1943 – Pervez Musharraf, President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistani  Army.
  • 1945 – Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • 1947 – Ian Anderson, Scottish musician (Jethro Tull)
  • 1947 – Anwar Ibrahim, Former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
  • 1948 – Patti Austin, American singer
  • 1950 – Rémy Girard, Canadian actor
  • 1952 – Daniel Hugh Kelly, American actor
  • 1953 – Mark Doty, American poet and prose writer
  • 1956 – Fred Ottman, American wrestler
  • 1956 – Charlie Peacock, American record producer, singer-songwriter
  • 1959 – Rosanna Arquette, American actress
  • 1959 – Florent Vollant, Innu-Canadian musician (Kashtin)
  • 1960 – Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor
  • 1960 – Todd David Hess, First USAF Member to receive Military Medical Merit.
  • 1961 – Jon Farriss, Australian musician (INXS)
  • 1963 – Andrew Sullivan, English-born journalist
  • 1965 – Claudia Christian, American actress
  • 1965 – Mike E. Smith, American jockey
  • 1965 – John Starks, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Hansi Kürsch, German singer
  • 1967 – Philippe Albert, Belgian former footballer
  • 1967 – Riddick Bowe, American boxer
  • 1967 – Mart Sander, Estonian singer and actor
  • 1968 – Michael Bivins, American singer (New Edition & Bell Biv DeVoe)
  • 1968 – Greg Hawgood, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Peter Docter, American film director
  • 1970 – Bret Hedican, American ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Steve Mautone, Australian footballer
  • 1971 – Roy Keane, Irish footballer
  • 1971 – Mario César Kindelán Mesa, Cuban boxer
  • 1971 – Justin Theroux, American actor
  • 1971 – Sal Fasano, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Kevin Randleman, American mixed martial artist
  • 1972 – Lawrence Dallaglio, English rugby union footballer
  • 1972 – Angie Harmon, American model and actress
  • 1972 – Christofer Johnsson, Swedish musician
  • 1973 – Lisa Raymond, American tennis player
  • 1973 – Javier Zanetti, Argentinian footballer
  • 1974 – David Sommeil, French footballer
  • 1974 – Luis Marín, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1976 – Michael Depoli, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Danny Griffin, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Aaron Kamin, American musician (The Calling)
  • 1977 – Matt Morgan, British comedian
  • 1978 – Daniel Allsopp, Australian footballer
  • 1978 – Chris Read, English cricketer
  • 1978 – Claire Yiu, Hong Kong actress
  • 1979 – Yannick Schroeder, French racing driver
  • 1979 – Joanna Garcia, Cuban actress
  • 1980 – Kaysar Ridha, Iraqi-American reality TV contestant
  • 1981 – Natsumi Abe, Japanese singer
  • 1981 – Dimitris Salpigidis, Greek footballer
  • 1982 – Devon Aoki, American supermodel and actress
  • 1983 – Alexander Perezhogin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Mathieu Roy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Mariel Rodriguez, Filipino TV host
  • 1985 – Roy O’Donovan, Irish footballer
  • 1989 – Ben Sahar, Israeli footballer
  • 1992 – Ko Ah-seong, South Korean actress

August 10 – Deaths:

  • 612 BC – Sinsharishkun, Assyrian king
  • 258 – Saint Lawrence, martyr
  • 1535 – Ippolito de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (poisoned) (b. 1509)
  • 1637 – Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (b. 1582)
  • 1653 – Maarten Tromp, Dutch admiral (b. 1598)
  • 1655 – Alfonso de la Cueva, marqués de Bedmar, Spanish cardinal and diplomat (b. 1572)
  • 1723 – Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1656)
  • 1759 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain (b. 1713)
  • 1784 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (b. 1713)
  • 1802 – Franz Aepinus, German scientist (b. 1724)
  • 1806 – Michael Haydn, Austrian composer (b. 1737)
  • 1839 – John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (b. 1758)
  • 1862 – Shusaku Honinbo, Japanese Go player (b. 1829)
  • 1875 – Karl Andree, German geographer (b. 1808)
  • 1896 – Otto Lilienthal, German aviation pioneer (b. 1848)
  • 1915 – Henry Moseley, English physicist (b. 1887)
  • 1920 – Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (b. 1835)
  • 1928 – Rex Cherryman, American actor (b. 1897)
  • 1929 – Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (b. 1878)
  • 1932 – Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog (b. 1918)
  • 1945 – Robert Goddard, American rocket scientist (b. 1882)
  • 1948 – Montague Summers, English writer (b. 1880)
  • 1948 – Kwan-Ichi Asakawa, Japanese historian(b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Frank Demaree, baseball player (b. 1910)
  • 1963 – Estes Kefauver, American politician, United States Congressman & Senator from Tennessee (b. 1903)
  • 1963 – Ernst Wetter, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1877)
  • 1969 – Leno LaBianca, American businessman (murdered) (b. 1925)
  • 1969 – Rosemary LaBianca, American housewife (murdered) (b. 1930)
  • 1979 – Walter Gerlach, German physicist (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Dick Foran, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Yahya Khan, President of Pakistan (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Øystein Aarseth, Norwegian musician (Mayhem) (b. 1968)
  • 1997 – Conlon Nancarrow, American composer (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Jean-Claude Lauzon, Quebec film director (b. 1953)
  • 1999 – Padma Bhushan Acharya Baldev Upadhyaya, Eminent Sanskrit Scholar in India (b. 1899)
  • 2001 – Lou Boudreau, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Michael Houser, American guitarist (Widespread Panic) (b. 1962)
  • 2002 – Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Carmita Jiménez, Puerto Rican singer
  • 2007 – James E. Faust, Second Councelor of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (b.  1920)
  • 2007 – Tony Wilson, British music personality and broadcaster (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Henry Cabot Lodge Bohler, American member of Tuskegee Airmen and civil rights activist (b. 1925)

August 10 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Opalia, festival in honor of Ops
  • Ancient Latvia – Labrenca Diena held
  • Independence Day in Ecuador — Movement began in Quito in 1809. Independence not achieved until May 1822.

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On This Day in History August 9

August 9 – Events:

  • 48 BC – Caesar’s civil war: Battle of Pharsalus – Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.
  • 378 – Gothic War: Battle of Adrianople – A large Roman army led by Emperor Valens is defeated by the Visigoths in present-day Turkey. Valens is killed along with over half of his army.
  • 681 – Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube, after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
  • 1048 – Pope Damasus II dies in Rome, after reigning for only 23 days.
  • 1173 – Construction of the Tower of Pisa begins, and it takes two centuries to complete.
  • 1329 – Quilon the first Indian Diocese was erected by Pope John XXII and Jordanus catalani de Severac was appointed the first Bishop
  • 1483 – Opening of the Sistine Chapel
  • 1666 – Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying  150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later known as “Holmes’s Bonfire.”
  • 1810 – Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1842 – Webster-Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States-Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Cedar Mountain – At Cedar Mountain, Virginia, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson narrowly defeats Union forces under General John Pope.
  • 1877 – Indian Wars: Battle of Big Hole – A small band of Nez Percé Indians clash with the United States Army.
  • 1892 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
  • 1902 – Edward VII is crowned king of the United Kingdom.
  • 1907 – The first Boy Scout encampment concludes at Brownsea Island in Southern England.
  • 1936 – Summer Olympic Games: Games of the XI Olympiad: Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal at the games becoming the first American to win four medals in one Olympiad.
  • 1942 – Indian leader, Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces, launching the Quit India Movement.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Savo Island – Allied naval forces protecting their amphibious forces during the initial stages of the Battle of Guadalcanal are surprised and defeated by an Imperial Japanese Navy cruiser force.
  • 1944 – The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey the Bear for the first time.
  • 1945 – World War II: Nagasaki is devastated when an atomic bomb, “Fat Man,” is dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar. 70,000 people are killed instantly.
  • 1965 – Singapore seceded from Malaysia and gained independence.
  • 1965 – A fire at a Titan missile base near Little Rock, Arkansas kills 53 construction workers.
  • 1969 – Members of a cult led by Charles Manson brutally murder pregnant actress Sharon Tate (wife of convicted child rapist Roman Polanski), coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, men’s hairstylist Jay Sebring, and recent high-school graduate Steven Parent at 10050 Cielo Drive in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1974 – As a direct result of the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon becomes the first President of the United States to resign from office. His Vice President, Gerald Ford, becomes president.
  • 1993 – The Liberal Democratic Party of Japan loses a 38-year hold on national leadership.
  • 1999 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.
  • 1999 – The Diet of Japan enacts a law establishing the Hinomaru and Kimi Ga Yo as the official national flag and national anthem.

August 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1201 – Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English chronicler (d. 1274)
  • 1593 – Izaak Walton, English angler (d. 1683)
  • 1631 – John Dryden, English Poet Laureate (d. 1700)
  • 1648 – Johann Michael Bach, German composer (d. 1694)
  • 1653 – John Oldham, English poet (d. 1683)
  • 1669 – Eudoxia Lopukhina, Tsarina of Russia (d. 1731)
  • 1674 – František Maxmilián Kanka, Czech architect (d. 1766)
  • 1722 – Augustus William, Prince of Prussia (d. 1758)
  • 1726 – Francesco Cetti, Italian Jesuit scientist (d. 1778)
  • 1757 – Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (d. 1834)
  • 1776 – Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist (d. 1856)
  • 1783 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1801)
  • 1797 – Charles Robert Malden, British naval officer (d. 1855)
  • 1805 – Joseph Locke, English railway and civil engineer (d. 1860)
  • 1809 – William Barret Travis, commander at Battle of the Alamo
  • 1845 – André Bessette, Canadian religious figure (d. 1937)
  • 1847 – Maria Victoria al Pozzo della Cisterna, queen consort of Spain (d. 1876)
  • 1871 – Leonid Andreyev, Russian writer (d. 1919)
  • 1872 – Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (d. 1962)
  • 1874 – Reynaldo Hahn, Venezuelan composer and conductor (d. 1947)
  • 1875 – Albert Ketèlbey, English pianist, conductor and composer (b. 1959)
  • 1896 – Jean Piaget, Swiss psychologist (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Erich Hückel, German physicist (d. 1980)
  • 1899 – P. L. Travers, Australian author (d. 1996)
  • 1901 – Charles Farrell, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1902 – Zino Francescatti, French violinist (d. 1991)
  • 1909 – Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat opposing the Nazi regime (d. 1944)
  • 1911 – William Alfred Fowler, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Eddie Futch, American boxing trainer (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Tove Jansson, Finnish author, the creator of the Moomins (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Ferenc Fricsay, Hungarian conductor (d. 1963)
  • 1914 – Joe Mercer, English footballer (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Joop den Uyl, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1919 – Ralph Houk, American baseball player and manager
  • 1920 – Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist and writer
  • 1921 – J. James Exon, American politician, (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Ernest Angley, televangelist
  • 1922 – Philip Larkin, English poet (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – David A. Huffman, creator of Huffman coding (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – Daniel Keyes, American author
  • 1927 – Robert Shaw, English actor (d. 1978)
  • 1928 – Bob Cousy, American. basketball player
  • 1930 – Jacques Parizeau, Quebec economist and politician
  • 1931 – Mário Zagallo, Brazilian football coach and player
  • 1931 – Chuck Essegian, American baseball player
  • 1932 – John Gomery, Canadian jurist
  • 1933 – Tetsuko Kuroyanagi, Japanese television personality and children’s author
  • 1936 – Julián Javier, American baseball player
  • 1936 – Patrick Tse Yin, Hong Kong film director
  • 1938 – Leonid Kuchma, Ukrainian politician
  • 1938 – Rod Laver, Australian tennis player
  • 1939 – Romano Prodi, Prime Minister of Italy, former President of the European Commission
  • 1939 – Brito, Brazilian footballer
  • 1940 – Beverlee McKinsey, American actress
  • 1942 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1942 – David Steinberg, Canadian comedian
  • 1943 – Ken Norton, American boxer
  • 1944 – Sam Elliott, American actor
  • 1945 – Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • 1946 – Jim Kiick, American football player
  • 1947 – Barbara Mason, American soul singer
  • 1948 – Bill Campbell, baseball player
  • 1949 – Jonathan Kellerman, American writer
  • 1952 – Prateep Ungsongtham Hata, Thai politician
  • 1955 – John E. Sweeney, American politician
  • 1955 – Peter Schmuck, American sportswriter
  • 1957 – Melanie Griffith, American actress
  • 1959 – Kurtis Blow, American rapper
  • 1959 – Stuart Hughes, Canadian actor
  • 1961 – Brad Gilbert, American tennis player
  • 1961 – John Key, New Zealand politician
  • 1961 – Amy Stiller, American actress
  • 1962 – Kevin Mack, American football player
  • 1962 – Louis Lipps, American football player
  • 1963 – Whitney Houston, American diva and actress
  • 1964 – Brett Hull, Canadian-born hockey player
  • 1967 – Deion Sanders, American football player
  • 1968 – Gillian Anderson, American actress
  • 1968 – Eric Bana, Australian actor
  • 1968 – Karyn Parsons, American actress
  • 1968 – Sam Fogarino, American musician
  • 1968 – McG, American film producer and director
  • 1969 – Divine Brown, American convicted felon
  • 1969 – Troy Percival, baseball player
  • 1970 – Rod Brind’Amour, hockey player
  • 1970 – Chris Cuomo, American TV journalist
  • 1970 – Thomas Lennon, American actor
  • 1970 – Arion Salazar, American musician (Third Eye Blind)
  • 1971 – Davide Rebellin, Italian cyclist
  • 1971 – Mack 10, American rapper
  • 1971 – James Kim, technology reporter (d. 2006)
  • 1972 – Juanes, Colombian singer
  • 1972 – A-Mei, Taiwanese singer
  • 1973 – Kevin McKidd, Scottish actor
  • 1973 – Filippo Inzaghi, Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Mahesh Babu, Indian film actor
  • 1974 – Derek Fisher, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Matt Morris, baseball player
  • 1974 – Kirill Reznik, American politician
  • 1974 – Nicola Stapleton, English actress
  • 1975 – Mike Lamb, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Robbie Middleby, Australian soccer player
  • 1976 – Jessica Capshaw, American actress
  • 1976 – Rhona Mitra, English actress
  • 1977 – Jason Frasor, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Chamique Holdsclaw, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Adewale Ogunleye, American football player
  • 1977 – Mikael Silvestre, French footballer
  • 1978 – Audrey Tautou, French actress
  • 1978 – Michael Scofield, Fox River Eight Fugitive
  • 1980 – Ryu Seung-beom, South Korean actor
  • 1982 – Tyson Gay, American sprinter
  • 1982 – Danieal Manning, American football player
  • 1983 – Ashley Johnson, American actress
  • 1983 – Shane O’Brien, Canadian hockey player
  • 1984 – Paul Gallagher, Scottish footballer
  • 1985 – Luca Filippi, Italian racing driver
  • 1985 – Hayley Peirsol, American swimmer
  • 1985 – JaMarcus Russell, American football player
  • 1986 – Vanessa Morley, American actress
  • 1989 – Stefano Okaka Chuka, Italian footballer
  • 1990 – Adelaide Kane, Australian actress

August 9 – Deaths:

  • 117 – Trajan, Roman Emperor (b. 53)
  • 378 – Valens, Roman Emperor (killed in battle) (b. 328)
  • 803 – Byzantine Empress Irene (b. 752)
  • 1107 – Emperor Horikawa of Japan (b. 1079)
  • 1173 – Najm ad-Din Ayyub, father of Saladin
  • 1250 – King Eric IV of Denmark (b. 1216)
  • 1534 – Cardinal Cajetan, Italian theologian (b. 1470)
  • 1601 – Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1558)
  • 1634 – William Noy, English jurist (b. 1577)
  • 1720 – Simon Ockley, English orientalist (b. 1678)
  • 1744 – James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English patron of the arts (b. 1673)
  • 1816 – Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (b. 1771)
  • 1837 – Xavier Sigalon, French painter (b. 1787)
  • 1886 – Samuel Ferguson, Northern Irish poet and artist (b. 1810)
  • 1919 – Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (b. 1857)
  • 1942 – Edith Stein, (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross) (executed) (b. 1891)
  • 1945 – Harry Hillman, American athlete (b. 1881)
  • 1945 – Robert Hampton Gray, last Canadian Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1917)
  • 1957 – Carl Clauberg, Nazi doctor (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1967 – Joe Orton, English writer (b. 1933)
  • 1969 – Cecil Frank Powell, British physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1969 – Abigail Folger, American heiress (murdered) (b. 1943)
  • 1969 – Wojciech Frykowski, Polish writer (murdered) (b. 1936)
  • 1969 – Jay Sebring, American hair stylist (murdered) (b. 1933)
  • 1969 – Sharon Tate, American actress (murdered) (b. 1943)
  • 1969 – Steven Parent, American student (murdered) (b. 1951)
  • 1974 – Bill Chase, American trumpet player and bandleader (b. 1934)
  • 1975 – Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Walter O’Malley, baseball executive (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Clive Churchill, Australian rugby league player (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – Giacinto Scelsi, Italian composer (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Joe Mercer, English footballer (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Jerry Garcia, American musician (Grateful Dead) (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Sir Frank Whittle, invented the jet engine (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Nicholas Markowitz-kidnapped and murder by Jesse James Hollywood (b. 1984)
  • 2002 – Paul Samson, British guitarist (Samson) (b. 1953)
  • 2002 – Peter Neville, anarchist, sociologist, and peace activist
  • 2003 – Ray Harford, English footballer and manager (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Gregory Hines, American actor and dancer (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – Jacques Deray, French film director (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Chester Ludgin, American baritone (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Tony Mottola, American guitarist (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – David Raksin, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Matthew McGrory, American actor (b. 1973)
  • 2005 – Judith Rossner, American novelist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – James van Allen, American physicist (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Philip E. High, science fiction author (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Joe O’Donnell, American documentary photographer, photojournalist (b. 1922)

August 9 – Holidays:

  • Singapore: National Day
  • National Women’s Day in South Africa
  • International Day of the World’s Indigenous People
  • Baltimore, Maryland: Official “Frank Zappa Day” in honor of the Baltimore-born composer and musician (born 1940, died 1993).
  • Feast day of the great martyr Saint Panteleimon in Russian Orthodox Church

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On This Day in History August 8

August 8 – Events:

  • 1220 – Sweden was defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.
  • 1509 – The Emperor Krishnadeva Raya is crowned, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire.
  • 1576 – The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe’s Uraniborg observatory is laid on Hven.
  • 1585 – John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in quest for the Northwest Passage.
  • 1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – The naval engagement ends, thus ending the Spanish Armada’s attempt to invade England.
  • 1605 – The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • 1647 – The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungans Hill – English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.
  • 1786 – Mont Blanc on the French- Italian border is climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
  • 1793 – The insurrection of Lyon occurred during the French Revolution.
  • 1794 – Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver lead an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
  • 1810 – Eminent Urdu poet Mirza Ghalib married Maaroof, daughter of Nawab Ilahi Baksh, and moved to Delhi.
  • 1839 – Beta Theta Pi is founded in Oxford, Ohio.
  • 1844 – The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church).
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Tennessee’s “military” Gov. Andrew Johnson freed his personal slaves. During the early 20th century, the day was celebrated by blacks in Tennessee as a holiday.
  • 1870 – The Republic of Ploiesti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • 1876 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
  • 1908 – Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It’s the Wright Brothers’ first public flight and the French public goes wild.
  • 1910 – The US Army installs the first tricycle landing gear on the Army’s Wright Flyer.
  • 1911 – The millionth patent is filed in the United States Patent Office by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire.
  • 1911 – Public Law 62-5 sets the number of representatives in the United States House of Representatives at 435. The law would come into effect in 1913.
  • 1918 – World War I: Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines.
  • 1929 – The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight.
  • 1931 – Workers go on strike at the Hoover dam
  • 1938 – The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
  • 1940 – “Aufbau Ost” directive was signed by Wilhelm Keitel.
  • 1942 – World War II: In Washington, DC, six German would-be saboteurs are executed.
  • 1942 – Quit India resolution was passed by the Bombay session of the AICC, which leads to the start of a civil disobedience movement across India
  • 1945 – World War II – The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria.
  • 1945 – The United Nations Charter is signed by the United States, which becomes the third nation to join.
  • 1946 – First flight of the Convair B-36.
  • 1947 – Pakistan’s National Flag is approved.
  • 1949 – Bhutan becomes independent.
  • 1960 – South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • 1962 – Elizabeth Ann Duncan becomes the last woman to be executed in the United States prior to the reintroduction of capital punishment in 1977.
  • 1963 – Great Train Robbery: In England, a gang of 15 train robbers steal 2.6 million pounds in bank notes.
  • 1967 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded.
  • 1968 – Juro Wada successfully performs Japan’s first heart transplant.
  • 1973 – U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew goes on television to denounce accusations he had taken kickbacks while governor of Maryland.
  • 1973 – Kim Dae-Jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, is kidnapped.
  • 1974 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces his resignation, effective the next day.
  • 1980 – The Buttevant railway accident in Ireland occurred.
  • 1986 – Altaf Hussain’s address at Nishtar Park Karachi, announcement of establishing political movement MQM.
  • 1988 – The “8888 Uprising” occurs in Burma.
  • 1988 – The lights are turned on at Wrigley Field for the first time, making it the last major league stadium to host night games
  • 1989 – Space Shuttle program: STS-28 Mission – Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret five-day military mission.
  • 1990 – Iraq occupies Kuwait and the state is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward.
  • 1991 – Collapse of Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever built
  • 1991 – John McCarthy, British Journalist held hostage in Lebanon for more than five years by Islamic Jihad, is released.
  • 2000 – Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.
  • 2007 – An EF2 tornado touches down in Kings County and Richmond County, New York, the most powerful tornado in New York to date and the first in Brooklyn since 1889.

August 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1079 – Emperor Horikawa of Japan (d. 1107)
  • 1518 – Conrad Lycosthenes, humanist and encyclopedist (d. 1561)
  • 1605 – Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (d. 1675)
  • 1646 – Godfrey Kneller, German-born painter (d. 1723)
  • 1673 – John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
  • 1693 – Laurent Belissen, French composer (d. 1762)
  • 1694 – Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (d. 1746)
  • 1720 – Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (d. 1796)
  • 1807 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (d. 1892)
  • 1814 – Esther Morris, first U. S. female judge (d. 1902)
  • 1824 – Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1880)
  • 1839 – Nelson Miles, U.S. general (d. 1925)
  • 1857 – Cécile Chaminade, French pianist and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Matthew Henson, Arctic explorer (d. 1955)
  • 1875 – Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • 1879 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1879 – Bob Smith, American physician and surgeon, founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1950)
  • 1880 – Earle Page, 11th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1961)
  • 1881 – Albert Kesselring, German field marshal (d. 1960)
  • 1881 – Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Ladislas Starevich, Polish stop-motion animation filmmaker (d. 1965)
  • 1884 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (d. 1933)
  • 1891 – Adolf Busch, German violinist (d. 1952)
  • 1892 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (d. 1922)
  • 1898 – Alexis Minotis, Greek actor (d. 1990)
  • 1896 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author (d. 1953)
  • 1901 – Ernest O. Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Paul Dirac, English physicist Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Achille Varzi, Italian race car driver (d. 1948)
  • 1905 – André Jolivet, French composer (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Benny Carter, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Arthur Goldberg, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1980)
  • 1910 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Rosetta LeNoire, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Jumbo Elliott, American track coach (d. 1981)
  • 1919 – Dino De Laurentiis, Italian film producer
  • 1920 – Leo Chiosso, Italian lyricist (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Jimmy Witherspoon, American singer (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Carol Lambrino, son of Carol II of Romania and Zizi Lambrino (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – William Asher, American film producer
  • 1921 – John Herbert Chapman, British physicist (d. 1979)
  • 1921 – Webb Pierce, American singer (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Vulimiri Ramalingaswami, Indian medical scientist (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Esther Williams, American actress and swimmer
  • 1922 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Rudi Gernreich, Austrian-born fashion designer (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – Alija Izetbegovic, Former President of Bosnia-Herzegovina (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Richard Anderson, American actor
  • 1927 – Johnny Temple, American baseball player (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Don Burrows, Australian musician
  • 1929 – Larisa Bogoraz, Soviet dissident (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Ronald Biggs, British criminal
  • 1931 – Sir Roger Penrose, British physicist
  • 1932 – Mel Tillis, American singer
  • 1932 – Luis García Meza Tejada, Bolivian dictator
  • 1933 – Joe Tex, American singer (d. 1982)
  • 1935 – Donald P. Bellisario, American television producer
  • 1935 – John Laws, Australia radio personality
  • 1936 – Keith Barron, English actor
  • 1936 – Frank Howard, American baseball player
  • 1937 – Dustin Hoffman, American actor
  • 1938 – Connie Stevens, American singer and actress
  • 1938 – Jacques Hétu, French Canadian composer
  • 1939 – Alexander Watson, American ambassador and diplomat
  • 1940 – Dennis Tito, first space tourist
  • 1944 – Brooke Bundy, American actress
  • 1947 – Ken Dryden, Canadian ice hockey player and parliamentarian
  • 1947 – José Cruz, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1947 – Larry Wilcox, American actor
  • 1948 – Svetlana Savitskaya, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1949 – Keith Carradine, American actor
  • 1949 – Ricardo Londoño, Colombian racing driver
  • 1951 – Mamoru Oshii, Japanese film director
  • 1951 – Randy Shilts, American journalist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1952 – Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian author
  • 1952 – Robin Quivers, American radio personality
  • 1953 – Don Most, American actor
  • 1953 – Nigel Mansell, English one-time Formula One World Champion
  • 1955 – Diddú (Sigrún Hjálmtýsdóttir), Icelandic soprano and songwriter
  • 1955 – Herbert Prohaska, Austrian footballer
  • 1956 – David Grant, English singer and vocal coach
  • 1956 – Branscombe Richmond, American actor
  • 1958 – Deborah Norville, American television host
  • 1958 – Cecilia Roth, Argentine actress
  • 1960 – Ulrich Maly, Mayor of Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1961 – The Edge, Irish guitarist (U2)
  • 1961 – Daniel House, Owner C/Z Records
  • 1961 – Rikki Rockett, American drummer (Poison)
  • 1961 – Bruce Matthews, American football player
  • 1962 – Mike Zanier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Chidi Anthony Opara, Nigerian Poet
  • 1963 – Jon Turteltaub, American director
  • 1963 – Stephen Walkom, Canadian ice hockey official and executive
  • 1964 – Anastasia Ashman, American writer
  • 1965 – Kate Langbroek, Australian media personality
  • 1965 – El Hefe, Guitarist for NOFX
  • 1966 – Chris Eubank, English boxer
  • 1966 – John Hudek, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Marcelo Balboa, American soccer player
  • 1967 – Lee Unkrich, American director and film editor
  • 1967 – Rena Mero, American wrestler
  • 1969 – Faye Wong, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1970 – Trev Alberts, American football player
  • 1970 – Pascal Duquenne, Belgian actor
  • 1972 – Axel Merckx, Belgian bicycle racer
  • 1972 – Lüpüs Thünder, American musician (The Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1973 – Scott Stapp, American singer (Creed)
  • 1973 – Senta Moses, American actress
  • 1973 – Shane Lee, Australian cricketer
  • 1974 – Ulises De la Cruz, Ecuadoran footballer
  • 1974 – Scott D’Amore, professional wrestler and manager
  • 1974 – Andy Priaulx, British racing driver and three-time WTCC champion
  • 1976 – JC Chasez, American singer (*NSYNC)
  • 1976 – Tawny Cypress, American actress
  • 1976 – Drew Lachey, American singer
  • 1976 – Seung-Yeop Lee, Korean baseball player
  • 1977 – Kurt Bernard, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1977 – Szilard Nemeth, Slovak footballer
  • 1977 – Lindsay Sloane, American actress
  • 1977 – Rocky Thompson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Alan Maybury, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Louis Saha, French footballer
  • 1979 – Richard Harwood, British cellist
  • 1979 – Paris Latsis, Greek shipping heir
  • 1979 – Rashard Lewis, National Basketball Association player
  • 1979 – Sam Totman, Musician/Songwriter for power metal band DragonForce
  • 1980 – Sabine Klaschka, German tennis player
  • 1980 – Pat Noonan, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Michael Urie, American actor and director
  • 1981 – Vanessa Amorosi, Australian singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – Roger Federer, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Meagan Good, American actress
  • 1981 – Kaori Iida, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1981 – Bradley McIntosh, British pop singer
  • 1983 – Guy Burnet, British actor
  • 1984 – Martrez Milner, National Football League player
  • 1985 – Brayan Ruiz, Costa Rican soccer player
  • 1986 – Peyton List, American actress
  • 1987 – Katie Leung, Scottish actress
  • 1988 – Princess Beatrice of York
  • 1989 – Sesil Karatantcheva, Bulgarian tennis player
  • 1995 – Malin Reitan, Norwegian singer

August 8 – Deaths:

  • 869 – Lothair II of Lotharingia (b. 825)
  • 1445 – Oswald von Wolkenstein, Austrian composer
  • 1553 – Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian physician (b. 1478)
  • 1555 – Oronce Finé, French mathematician (b. 1494)
  • 1588 – Alonso Sánchez Coello, Spanish painter
  • 1604 – Horio Tadauji, Japanese warlord (b. 1578)
  • 1631 – Konstantinas Sirvydas, Lithuanian lexicographer (b. 1579)
  • 1684 – George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer (b. 1622)
  • 1747 – Madeleine de Verchères, New France heroine (b. 1678)
  • 1759 – Carl Heinrich Graun, German composer (b. 1704)
  • 1827 – George Canning, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
  • 1828 – Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (b. 1743)
  • 1863 – Angus MacAskill known as ‘Giant MacAskill’, circus performer (b.1825)
  • 1879 – Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1797)
  • 1887 – Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (b. 1808)
  • 1897 – Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss art historian (b. 1818)
  • 1898 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 1902 – James Tissot, French artist (b. 1836)
  • 1911 – William P. Frye, American politician (b. 1830)
  • 1933 – Adolf Loos, Austrian architect (b. 1870)
  • 1940 – Johnny Dodds, American musician (b. 1892)
  • 1944 – Chaim Soutine, Russian painter (b. 1894)
  • 1944 – Erwin von Witzleben, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1944 – Michael Wittmann, German Tank ace and Knight’s Cross holder, killed in action, Normandy. (b. 1914)
  • 1947 – Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman (b. 1879)
  • 1961 – Méi Lánfang, Chinese opera performer (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Shirley Jackson, American author (b. 1916)
  • 1969 – Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German eugenicist and Nazi physician (b. 1896)
  • 1972 – Andrea Feldman, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 1973 – Dean Corll, American serial killer (b. 1939)
  • 1973 – Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish author and historian (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Baldur von Schirach, Nazi youth leader (b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Julian “Cannonball” Adderley, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1977 – Edgar Douglas Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Nicholas Monsarrat, British novelist (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Paul Triquet, French Canadian army officer (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Eric Brandon, British racing driver (b. 1920)
  • 1984 – Ellen Raskin, American author(b.1928)
  • 1985 – Louise Brooks, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Alan Napier, English actor (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Ramón Valdés, Mexican actor (b. 1923)
  • 1988 – Félix Leclerc, Quebec singer and songwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1991 – James Irwin, astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 1992 – John Kordic, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1965)
  • 1996 – Nevill Mott, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Mahmoud Saremi, Iranian journalist
  • 2004 – Fay Wray, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Dimitris Papamichael, Greek actor (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – John H. Johnson, African-American publisher (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Gene Mauch, American athlete (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Monica Sjöö, Swedish artist (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Ilse Werner, German actress (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Ahmed Deedat, Islamic scholar (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Ma Lik, Chinese politician (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Melville Shavelson, American film director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)

August 8 – Holidays:

  • Sweden – Namesday of Queen Silvia, an Official Flag Day.
  • Taiwan: Father’s Day.

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