On This Day in History May 14

May 14 – Events:

  • 1264 – Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured in France making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.
  • 1483 – Coronation of Charles VIII of France (“Charles l’Affable”).
  • 1509 – Battle of Agnadello: In northern Italy, French forces defeat the Venetians.
  • 1607 – Jamestown, Virginia is settled as an English colony.
  • 1608 – Protestant Union founded in Auhausen.
  • 1610 – Assassination of Henri IV of France, bringing Louis XIII to the throne.
  • 1643 – Four-year-old Louis XIV becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.
  • 1747 – A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • 1787 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, delegates begin to meet to write a new Constitution for the United States.
  • 1796 – Edward Jenner administers the first smallpox vaccination.
  • 1804 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition departs from Camp Dubois and begin their historic journey by traveling up the Missouri River.
  • 1811 – Paraguay gains independence from Spain.
  • 1861 – The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Jackson (MS).
  • 1868 – Japanese Boshin War: End of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikko.
  • 1870 – The first game of rugby in New Zealand is played in Nelson between Nelson College and the Nelson Rugby Football Club.
  • 1879 – The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrive in Fiji abroad the Leonidas.
  • 1889 – The children’s charity the NSPCC is launched in London.
  • 1913 – New York Governor William Sulzer approves the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation, which begins operations with a $100 million donation from John D. Rockefeller.
  • 1925 – Virginia Woolf’s novel Mrs Dalloway is published.
  • 1927 – Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm + Voss shipyard in Hamburg.
  • 1927 – University of Chicago’s local collegiate organization, Phi Sigma, becomes incorporated under the laws of the State of Illinois as Eta Sigma Phi, the National Honorary Classical Fraternity.
  • 1929 – Wilfred Rhodes takes his 4000th first-class wicket during a performance of 9 for 39 at Leyton.
  • 1931 – Ådalen shootings, five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.
  • 1935 – The Filipinos ratify an independence agreement.
  • 1939 – Lina Medina becomes the world’s youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
  • 1940 – World War II: Rotterdam is bombed by the German Luftwaffe.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Netherlands surrender to Germany.
  • 1943 – Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.
  • 1948 – Israel declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel was attacked by the neighboring Arab states.
  • 1955 – Cold War: Eight communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defense treaty called the Warsaw Pact.
  • 1961 – American civil rights movement: Freedom Riders bus is fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protestors are beaten by an angry mob.
  • 1961 – Stirling Moss wins the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix.
  • 1970 – The Red Army Faction is established in Germany.
  • 1970 – Mississippi state police kill two black students at Jackson State University.
  • 1973 – Human Space Flight: Skylab, the United States’ first space station, is launched. It is the last launch of the Saturn V rocket.
  • 1978 – First round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta.
  • 1988 – Carrollton bus collision: A drunk driver going the wrong way on Interstate 71 near Carrollton, Kentucky, USA hits a converted school bus carrying a church youth group. The crash and ensuing fire kill 27.
  • 1995 – Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, proclaims six-year-old Gedhun Choekyi Nyima as the eleventh reincarnation of the Panchen Lama.
  • 2002 – Ten members of the Darwin-based Network Against Prohibition invade the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory of Australia.
  • 2004 – The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturns the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun.
  • 2004 – The marriage of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark and Mary Donaldson takes place in Copenhagen.
  • 2005 – Pope Benedict XVI observes his first beatification, elevating Blessed Marianne of Molokai on the road to canonization into sainthood.
  • 2005 – The former USS America (CV-66), a decommissioned supercarrier of the United States Navy, is deliberately sunk in the Atlantic Ocean after four weeks of live-fire exercises. She is the largest ship ever to be disposed of as a target in a military exercise.

May 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1265 – Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (d. 1321)
  • 1316 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1378)
  • 1553 – Margaret of Valois, wife of Henry IV (d. 1615)
  • 1666 – Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (d. 1732)
  • 1679 – Peder Horrebow, Danish astronomer (d. 1764)
  • 1686 – Gabriel Fahrenheit, German physicist and engineer (d. 1736)
  • 1699 – Hans Joachim von Zieten, Prussian field marshal (d. 1786)
  • 1701 – William Emerson, English mathematician (d. 1782)
  • 1710 – King Adolf Frederick of Sweden (d. 1771)
  • 1725 – Ludovico Manin, last Doge of Venice (d. 1802)
  • 1727 – Thomas Gainsborough, English artist (d. 1788)
  • 1737 – George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, British statesman (d. 1806)
  • 1752 – Timothy Dwight, American theologian (d. 1817)
  • 1752 – Albrecht Thaer, German agronomist (d. 1828)
  • 1771 – Robert Owen, Welsh social reformer (d. 1858)
  • 1781 – Friedrich Ludwig Georg von Raumer, German historian (d. 1873)
  • 1814 – Charles Beyer, German-British locomotive engineer (d. 1876)
  • 1817 – Alexander Kaufmann, German poet (d. 1893)
  • 1832 – Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (d. 1903)
  • 1867 – Kurt Eisner, German politician (d. 1919)
  • 1872 – Elia Dalla Costa, Italian cardinals (d. 1961)
  • 1878 – James L. Wilkinson, American baseball executive (d. 1964)
  • 1880 – Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)
  • 1881 – G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (d. 1950)
  • 1881 – Ed Walsh, American baseball player (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Otto Klemperer, German-born conductor (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Alex Pompez, American baseball executive (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Louis Verneuil, French playwright, screenwriter (d. 1952)
  • 1897 – Sidney Bechet, American musician (d. 1959)
  • 1897 – Ed Ricketts, American marine biologist (d. 1948)
  • 1899 – Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist (d. 1993)
  • 1899 – Earle Combs, American baseball player (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Hal Borland, Writer (d. 1978)
  • 1900 – Leo Smit, Dutch composer (d. 1943)
  • 1900 – Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • 1901 – Robert Ritter, German psychologist (d. 1951)
  • 1903 – Billie Dove, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1904 – Hans Albert Einstein, American professor (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – Marcel Junod, Swiss physician (d. 1961)
  • 1905 – Jean Daniélou, French cardinal (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Herbert Morrison, American radio reporter (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Hans von der Groeben, German diplomat, member of the European Commission (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Ayub Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Johnny Moss, American poker player (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Lance Dossor, British-born concert pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Del Moore, American comedian (d. 1970)
  • 1916 – Marco Zanuso, Italian architect
  • 1917 – Lou Harrison, American composer (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Solange Chaput-Rolland, French Canadian journalist, author and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – John Hope, American meteorologist (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Richard Deacon, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – Arve Opsahl, Norwegian actor (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Franjo Tudman, President of Croatia (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Adnan Pachachi, Iraqi politician
  • 1923 – Mrinal Sen, Indian film director
  • 1925 – Patrice Munsel, American opera soprano
  • 1926 – Eric Morecambe, British comedian (d. 1984)
  • 1927 – Herbert W. Franke, Austrian writer
  • 1929 – Henry McGee, British actor (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Gump Worsley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Alvin Lucier, American composer
  • 1932 – Robert Bechtle, American painter
  • 1933 – Michael Chevalier, German voice actor
  • 1934 – Siân Phillips, Welsh actress
  • 1936 – Bobby Darin, American singer (d. 1973)
  • 1936 – Charlie Gracie, American singer
  • 1936 – Waheeda Rehman, Indian actress
  • 1940 – Troy Shondell, American singer
  • 1940 – ‘H’. Jones, British Soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
  • 1942 – Valeriy Brumel, Soviet athlete (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Byron Dorgan, U.S. Senator
  • 1942 – Prentis Hancock, British actor
  • 1942 – Tony Pérez, Cuban baseball player
  • 1942 – Rüdiger Vogler, German actor
  • 1943 – Jack Bruce, Scottish bassist (Cream)
  • 1943 – Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland
  • 1943 – Derek Leckenby, British musician (Herman’s Hermits) (d. 1994)
  • 1943 – Elizabeth Ray, American sex scandal figure
  • 1944 – George Lucas, American film director
  • 1945 – Francesca Annis, British actress
  • 1945 – Yochanan Vollach, Israeli footballer and president of Maccabi Haifa
  • 1946 – Eric Peterson, Canadian actor
  • 1947 – Tamara Dobson, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Bob Woolmer, English cricket coach (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – Klaus-Peter Thaler, German cyclist
  • 1950 – Adolfo Dominguez, Spanish fashion designer
  • 1952 – David Byrne, Scottish-born American musician (Talking Heads)
  • 1952 – Scott Irwin, American professional wrestler (d. 1987)
  • 1952 – Donald R. McMonagle, American astronaut
  • 1952 – Robert Zemeckis, American film director
  • 1953 – Tom Cochrane, Canadian musician (Red Rider)
  • 1953 – Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia
  • 1954 – Jens Sparschuh, German writer
  • 1955 – Dennis Martínez, Nicaraguan baseball player
  • 1957 – Leon White, American professional wrestler
  • 1959 – Patrick Bruel, French singer
  • 1959 – Steve Hogarth, British singer (Marillion)
  • 1959 – Rick Vaive, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Anne Clark, English female singer
  • 1960 – Steve Williams, American wrestler
  • 1961 – Ulrike Folkerts, German actress
  • 1961 – Jean Leclerc, French Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1961 – Tim Roth, English actor
  • 1961 – Alain Vigneault, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1962 – Ian Astbury, English singer (The Cult)
  • 1962 – C. C. DeVille, American musician (Poison)
  • 1963 – Pat Borders, American baseball player
  • 1964 – James M. Kelly, American astronaut
  • 1964 – Eric Peterson, American guitarist (Testament)
  • 1964 – Suzy Kolber, American sportscaster
  • 1965 – Eoin Colfer, Irish writer
  • 1966 – Marianne Denicourt, French actress
  • 1966 – Mike Inez, American bassist
  • 1966 – Fabrice Morvan, French music artist (Milli Vanilli)
  • 1966 – Raphael Saadiq, American musician (Tony! Toni! Toné!)
  • 1967 – Tony Siragusa, American football player
  • 1969 – Cate Blanchett, Australian actress
  • 1969 – Danny Wood, American singer (New Kids on the Block)
  • 1971 – Sofia Coppola, American director
  • 1972 – Mark Ruskell, England-born Scottish politician
  • 1973 – Voshon Lenard, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Natalie Appleton, Canadian-born singer
  • 1973 – Anais Granofsky, Canadian actress and director
  • 1973 – Julian White, English rugby union footballer
  • 1974 – Jennifer Allan, American model
  • 1975 – Salim Iles, Algerian swimmer
  • 1975 – Nicki Sørensen, Danish road bicycle racer
  • 1976 – Hunter Burgan, American musician (AFI)
  • 1976 – Brian Lawrence, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Martine McCutcheon, British actress
  • 1977 – Sophie Anderton, English model and television personality
  • 1977 – Roy Halladay, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Ada Nicodemou, Australian actress
  • 1978 – Eddie House, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Henry Garza, American singer and guitarist (Los Lonely Boys)
  • 1978 – André Macanga, Angolan footballer
  • 1978 – Gustavo Varela, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979 – Clinton Morrison, English-born Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Carlos Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Zdenek Grygera, Czech footballer
  • 1980 – Eugene Martineau, Dutch decathlete
  • 1980 – Júlia Sebestyén, Hungarian figure skater
  • 1980 – Hugo Southwell, Scottish rugby union footballer
  • 1981 – Sarbel, Greek-born singer
  • 1982 – Anahí, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1982 – BeardyMan, English beatboxer
  • 1982 – Ai Shibata, Japanese swimmer
  • 1983 – Uroš Slokar, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1983 – Amber Tamblyn, American actress
  • 1983 – Tom Welham, British musician (Thirteen Senses)
  • 1984 – Gary Ablett, Jr., Australian rules footballer
  • 1984 – Michael Rensing, German footballer
  • 1984 – Nigel Reo-Coker, English footballer
  • 1984 – Mark Zuckerberg, founder & CEO of Facebook
  • 1985 – Sally Martin, American actress
  • 1986 – Camila Sodi, Mexican actress
  • 1987 – Franck Songo’o, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1987 – Francois Steyn, South African rugby union footballer
  • 1990 – Emily Samuelson, American ice dancer
  • 1993 – Miranda Cosgrove, American actress

May 14 – Deaths:

  • 964 – Pope John XII
  • 1470 – Charles VIII of Sweden (b. 1409)
  • 1574 – Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (b. 1479)
  • 1608 – Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1543)
  • 1610 – Henry IV of France (b. 1553)
  • 1643 – Louis XIII of France (b. 1601)
  • 1649 – Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (b. 1600)
  • 1669 – Georges de Scudéry, French writer (b. 1601)
  • 1688 – Antoine Furetière, French writer (b. 1619)
  • 1754 – Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (b. 1692)
  • 1761 – Thomas Simpson, British mathematician (b. 1710)
  • 1818 – Matthew Gregory Lewis, English novelist (b. 1775)
  • 1847 – Fanny Mendelssohn, German composer and pianist (b. 1805)
  • 1860 – Ludwig Bechstein, German writer (b. 1801)
  • 1873 – Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician and writer (b. 1797)
  • 1878 – Ookubo Toshimichi, Japanese statesman, samurai, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration (b. 1830)
  • 1887 – Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (b. 1808)
  • 1889 – Volney E. Howard, American politician (b. 1809)
  • 1893 – Ernst Kummer, German mathematician (b. 1810)
  • 1906 – Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)
  • 1912 – Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1843)
  • 1912 – August Strindberg, Swedish author (b. 1849)
  • 1918 – James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1841)
  • 1919 – Henry John Heinz, founder of the H. J. Heinz Company (b. 1844)
  • 1923 – Charles de Freycinet, French prime minister (b. 1828)
  • 1925 – H. Rider Haggard, English author (b. 1856)
  • 1931 – David Belasco, American theatrical producer (b. 1853)
  • 1931 – Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter (b. 1887)
  • 1934 – Lou Criger, American baseball player (b. 1872)
  • 1936 – Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, British general (b. 1861)
  • 1940 – Emma Goldman, Lithuanian-born anarchist (b. 1869)
  • 1943 – Henri La Fontaine, Belgian Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1854)
  • 1945 – Heber J. Grant, seventh president of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints  (b. 1856)
  • 1954 – Heinz Guderian, German General (b. 1888)
  • 1957 – Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (b. 1884)
  • 1959 – Sidney Bechet, American musician (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – Florence Auer, American actress (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Frederick Lane, Australian swimmer (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Billie Burke, American actress (b. 1884)
  • 1973 – Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Keith Relf, British singer and musician (The Yardbirds) (b. 1943)
  • 1978 – Robert Menzies, twelfth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
  • 1982 – Hugh Beaumont, American actor (b. 1909)
  • 1983 – Roger J. Traynor, American judge (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (b. 1900)
  • 1984 – Walter Rauff, German colonel (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Mei Ling Barbara Yung, Hong Kong actress (b. 1959)
  • 1987 – Rita Hayworth, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 1988 – Willem Drees, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1886)
  • 1991 – Jiang Qing, wife of Mao Zedong (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – Lyle Alzado, American football player (b. 1949)
  • 1992 – Nie Rongzhen, Chinese Communist military leader (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Patrick Haemers, Belgian criminal (b. 1953)
  • 1993 – William Randolph Hearst Jr., American newspaper magnate (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Christian B. Anfinsen, American Nobel laureate (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (b. 1934)
  • 1998 – Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American conservationist (b. 1890)
  • 2000 – Obuchi Keizo, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Wendy Hiller, British actress (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Robert Stack, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Anna Lee, British actress (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Lew Anderson, American actor and bandleader (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Stanley Kunitz, American poet (b. 1905)
  • 2006 – Eva Norvind, Mexican actress (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Mary Goldsmith, American ceramist (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (b. 1921)

May 14-Holidays

  • Feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • St. Matthias (Apostle)
    • St. Michael Garicoits
    • St. Boniface of Tarsus
    • St. Victor and Corona
    • St. Vincent of Lerins
    • St. Carthach the Younger
    • St. Engelmund
    • St. Just

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On This Day in History May 13

May 13 – Events:

  • 1497 – Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola.
  • 1568 – Battle of Langside: the forces of Mary Queen of Scots are defeated by a confederacy of Scottish Protestants under James Stewart, Earl of Moray, her half-brother.
  • 1619 – Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason.
  • 1648 – Construction of the Red Fort at Delhi was completed.
  • 1779 – War of Bavarian Succession: Russian and French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiate an end to the war. In the agreement Austria receives the part of its territory that was taken from them (the Innviertel).
  • 1787 – Captain Arthur Phillip leaves Portsmouth, England with eleven ships full of convicts (First Fleet) to establish a penal colony in Australia.
  • 1830 – Ecuador gains its independence.
  • 1846 – Mexican-American War: The United States declares war on Mexico.
  • 1848 – First performance of Finland’s national anthem.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Queen Victoria of Britain issues a “proclamation of neutrality” which recognizes the breakaway states as having belligerent rights.
  • 1861 – Great Comet of 1861 discovered in Australia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Resaca – the battle begins with Union General Sherman fighting toward Atlanta.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Palmito Ranch – In far south Texas, more than a month after Confederate General Lee’s surrender, the last land battle of the Civil War ends with a Confederate victory.
  • 1880 – In Menlo Park, New Jersey, Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway.
  • 1888 – With the passage of the Lei Áurea (“Golden Law”), Brazil abolishes slavery.
  • 1909 – The first Giro d’Italia took place in Milan. Italian cyclist Luigi Ganna was the winner.
  • 1912 – In the United Kingdom, the Royal Flying Corps (now the Royal Air Force) was established.
  • 1913 – Igor Sikorsky becomes the first man to pilot a four-engine aircraft.
  • 1917 – The Nuncio Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII, is consecrated Archbishop by Pope Benedict XV.
  • 1939 – The first commercial FM radio station in the United States is launched in Bloomfield, Connecticut. The station later became WDRC-FM.
  • 1940 – World War II: Germany’s conquest of France begins as the German army crosses the Meuse River. Churchill makes his “blood, toil, tears, and sweat” speech to the House of Commons.
  • 1940 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands flees the Nazi invasion in the Netherlands to Britain. Princess Juliana takes her children to Canada for their safety.
  • 1941 – World War II: Yugoslav royal colonel Dragoljub Mihailovic starts fighting with German occupation troops, beginning the Serbian resistance.
  • 1943 – World War II: German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied  forces.
  • 1948 – 1948 Arab-Israeli War: The Kfar Etzion massacre is committed by Arab irregulars, the day before the declaration of independence of the state of Israel on May 14.
  • 1952 – The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India, held its first sitting.
  • 1954 – Anti-National Service Riots, a riot in Singapore by Chinese Middle School students.
  • 1958 – During a visit to Caracas, Venezuela, Vice President Richard M. Nixon’s car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators.
  • 1958 – Pierre Pflimlin becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1958 – Velcro’s trade mark is registered.
  • 1960 – Hundreds of UC Berkeley students congregate for the first day of protest against a visit by the House Un-American Activities Committee. 31 students are arrested, and the Free Speech Movement is born.
  • 1967 – Dr. Zakir Hussain became 3rd President of India. He was the first Muslim President of Indian Union. He held this position till August 24, 1969.
  • 1969 – Race riots in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, later known as the May 13 Incident.
  • 1972 – Faulty electrical wiring ignites a fire underneath the Playtown Cabaret in Osaka. Blocked exits and nonfunctional elevators cause 118 fatalities, with many victims leaping to their deaths.
  • 1980 – An F3 tornado hits Kalamazoo County, Michigan. President Jimmy Carter declares it a federal disaster area.
  • 1981 – Mehmet Ali Agca attempts to assassinate Pope John Paul II in St. Peter’s Square in Rome. The Pope was rushed to the Agostino Gemelli University Polyclinic to undergo emergency surgery, and managed to survive.
  • 1985 – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania police storm MOVE headquarters to end a stand-off, killing 11 MOVE members and destroying the homes of 250 city residents.
  • 1989 – Large groups of students occupied Tiananmen Square and began a hunger strike.
  • 1996 – Severe thunderstorms and a tornado in Bangladesh kill 600 people.
  • 1998 – India carries out two nuclear tests at Pokhran, in addition to the three conducted on May 11. United States and Japan impose economic sanctions on India.
  • 2000 – In Enschede, the Netherlands, a fireworks factory explodes, killing 22 people, wounding 950, and resulting in approximately €450 million in damage.
  • 2001 – Silvio Berlusconi’s House of Freedoms coalition wins the Italian general elections.
  • 2005 – The Andijan Massacre occurs in Uzbekistan.
  • 2006 – 2006 São Paulo violence: A major rebellion occurs in several prisons of the Brazilian state.
  • 2007 – Construction of the Calafat-Vidin Bridge between Romania and Bulgaria begins.
  • 2007 – Republic Protests in Turkey

May 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1024 – Hugh of Cluny, French saint (d. 1109)
  • 1254 – Maria of Brabant, queen of France (d. 1321)
  • 1588 – Ole Worm, Danish physician (d. 1654)
  • 1638 – Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (d. 1712)
  • 1655 – Pope Innocent XIII (d. 1724)
  • 1699 – Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1782)
  • 1712 – Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (d. 1772)
  • 1717 – Empress Maria Theresa of Austria (d. 1780)
  • 1730 – Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1782)
  • 1742 – Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (d. 1798)
  • 1753 – Lazare Carnot, French general, politician, and mathematician (d. 1823)
  • 1792 – Pope Pius IX (d. 1878)
  • 1794 – Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (d. 1835)
  • 1795 – Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (d. 1875)
  • 1822 – Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (d. 1902)
  • 1830 – Zebulon Baird Vance, three-time governor of North Carolina (d. 1894)
  • 1840 – Alphonse Daudet, French novelist (d. 1897)
  • 1842 – Arthur Sullivan, English composer (d. 1900)
  • 1857 – Ronald Ross, English physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d.  1932)
  • 1882 – Georges Braque, French painter (d. 1963)
  • 1883 – Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (d. 1962)
  • 1894 – Ásgeir Ásgeirsson, 2nd President of Iceland (d. 1972)
  • 1898 – Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – Dame Daphne du Maurier, English author (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Robert Middleton, American film and television actor (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Gil Evans, Canadian musician (d. 1988)
  • 1912 – Judah Nadich, American rabbi (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – William R. Tolbert, Jr., Liberian president (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (d. 1985)
  • 1914 – Joe Louis, American boxer (d. 1981)
  • 1918 – T. Balasaraswati, Bharatanatyam dancer (d.1984)
  • 1920 – Gareth Morris, British flautist (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Michael Ainsworth, British cricketer (d. 1978)
  • 1923 – Beatrice Arthur, American actress
  • 1924 – Harry Schwarz, South African MP and Ambassador to the US
  • 1926 – Wallace Breem, British author
  • 1927 – Archie Scott-Brown, English race car driver (d. 1558)
  • 1927 – Herbert Ross, American director (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Édouard Molinaro, French film actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1928 – Enrique Bolaños, President of Nicaragua
  • 1928 – Jim Shoulders, Champion Rodeo Cowboy
  • 1930 – Mike Gravel, Former Democratic Senator of Alaska and 2008 Presidential Candidate
  • 1930 – José Jiménez Lozano, Spanish writer
  • 1931 – Jim Jones, American cult leader (d. 1978)
  • 1934 – Leon Wagner, baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1935 – Dominic Cossa, American baritone
  • 1937 – Roch Carrier, Canadian novelist
  • 1937 – Roger Zelazny, American author (d. 1995)
  • 1937 – Trevor Baylis, English inventor of the wind-up radio
  • 1937 – Zohra Lampert, American actress
  • 1938 – Laurent Beaudoin, French Canadian businessman (Bombardier)
  • 1938 – Giuliano Amato, Italian politician
  • 1939 – Harvey Keitel, American actor
  • 1940 – Bruce Chatwin, British writer (d. 1989)
  • 1941 – Senta Berger, Austrian actress
  • 1941 – Joe Brown, British singer
  • 1941 – Ritchie Valens, American singer (d. 1959)
  • 1941 – Jody Conradt, American college basketball coach
  • 1943 – Mary Wells, American singer (d. 1992)
  • 1944 – Armistead Maupin, American author
  • 1947 – Stephen R. Donaldson, American author
  • 1949 – Zoë Wanamaker, English-American actress
  • 1950 – Stevie Wonder, American singer and musician
  • 1950 – Danny Kirwan, British musician (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1950 – Bobby Valentine, Major League baseball manager
  • 1951 – Sharon Sayles Belton, Mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1951 – Paul Thompson, British rock drummer (Roxy Music)
  • 1954 – Johnny Logan, Irish singer and songwriter
  • 1956 – Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Founder of the Art of Living Foundation
  • 1956 – Richard Madeley, Television presenter
  • 1957 – Alan Ball, American screenwriter, director, and producer
  • 1957 – Koji Suzuki, Japanese writer (Ring, Dark Water)
  • 1957 – Andrea Klump, German terrorist
  • 1961 – Dennis Rodman, American basketball player and actor
  • 1962 – Eduardo Palomo, Mexican actor (d. 2003)
  • 1962 – Kathleen Jamie, Scottish poet
  • 1963 – Wally Masur, Australian former tennis player
  • 1964 – Stephen Colbert, American comedian and actor
  • 1964 – Ronnie Coleman, American bodybuilder
  • 1964 – Tom Verica, American actor
  • 1965 – José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (d. 2006)
  • 1965 – Hikari Ota, Japanese comedian
  • 1965 – Tasmin Little, English violinist
  • 1965 – Lari White, American country music singer
  • 1966 – Darius Rucker, American singer (Hootie & the Blowfish)
  • 1966 – Nikos Aliagas, Greek TV show host
  • 1966 – Kamen Vodenicharov, Bulgarian entertainer
  • 1967 – Chuck Schuldiner, American musician (Death, Control Denied) (d. 2001)
  • 1967 – Melanie Thornton, African American German pop singer, former member of La Bouche. (d.  2001)
  • 1968 – Alison Goldfrapp, English musician
  • 1968 – Buckethead, Guitarist
  • 1968 – Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (d. 1997)
  • 1969 – André Schmechta, German musician (X Marks the Pedwalk)
  • 1971 – Tom Nalen, American football player
  • 1976 – Mark Delaney, Welsh footballer
  • 1977 – Ilse DeLange, Dutch singer
  • 1977 – Neil Hopkins, American actor
  • 1977 – Samantha Morton, English actress
  • 1978 – Mike Bibby, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Ryan Bukvich, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Barry Zito, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Prince Carl Philip of Sweden
  • 1980 – Waka Inoue, Japanese gravure idol and actress
  • 1980 – Mau Marcelo, Filipino singer
  • 1981 – Jimmy Yang, American wrestler
  • 1981 – Sunny Leone, Canadian model
  • 1981 – Rebecka Liljeberg, Swedish actress
  • 1982 – Yoko Kumada, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1982 – Oguchi Onyewu, American footballer
  • 1983 – Casey Donovan, Australian singer
  • 1983 – Grégory Lemarchal, French singer (d. 2007)
  • 1983 – Yaya Touré, Ivorian footballer
  • 1985 – Travis Zajac, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Robert Pattinson, English actor
  • 1986 – Scott Sutter, Swiss footballer
  • 1987 – Hunter Parrish, American actor

May 13 – Deaths:

  • 1162 – Géza II of Hungary
  • 1176 – Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1119)
  • 1312 – Theobald II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1263)
  • 1573 – Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (b. 1521)
  • 1619 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch statesman (b. 1547)
  • 1704 – Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit preacher (b. 1632)
  • 1742 – Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1719)
  • 1807 – Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (b. 1721)
  • 1832 – Georges Cuvier, French naturalist (b. 1769)
  • 1835 – John Nash, English architect (b. 1752)
  • 1866 – Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician (b. 1796)
  • 1871 – Daniel Auber, French composer (b. 1782)
  • 1884 – Cyrus McCormick, American inventor (b. 1809)
  • 1885 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (b. 1809)
  • 1901 – Leopoldo Alas y Ureña, a.k.a. “Clarín”, Spanish novelist and literary critic (b. 1851)
  • 1916 – Sholom Aleichem, Russian author (b. 1859)
  • 1921 – Jean Aicard, French poet and novelist (b. 1848)
  • 1925 – Boris Savinkov, Russian writer and terrorist (b. 1879)
  • 1926 – Libert H. Boeynaems, Belgian Catholic prelate (b. 1857)
  • 1930 – Fridtjof Nansen, Nobel Peace Prize winner (b. 1861)
  • 1937 – Ekaterina Geladze, mother of Joseph Stalin (b. 1858)
  • 1938 – Charles Edouard Guillaume, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1861)
  • 1945 – Tubby Hall, American musician (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – Gary Cooper, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1962 – Henry Trendley Dean, American dental researcher (b. 1893)
  • 1963 – Alois Hudal, bishop, helped Nazi war criminals escape (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Dan Blocker, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1974 – Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexican writer (b. 1902)
  • 1975 – Bob Wills, American musician (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Leatrice Joy, American actress (b. 1893)
  • 1988 – Chet Baker, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1929)
  • 1992 – F. E. McWilliam, Northern Irish sculptor (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Duncan Hamilton, British racing driver (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Gene Sarazen, American golfer (b. 1902)
  • 2000 – Paul Bartel, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (b. 1906)
  • 2001 – Jason Miller, American playwright (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – George Dantzig, American mathematician (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Michael Ross, American serial killer (b. 1959)
  • 2005 – Eddie Barclay, French record producer (Barclay Records) (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Jaroslav Pelikan, American historian (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Johnnie Wilder, Jr., American singer (b. 1949)

May 13 – Holidays:

  • Commemoration of Julian of Norwich (Anglican).
  • Roman Empire – Feast of the Lemures (See Larvae).
  • Abbotsbury Garland Day, Dorset, England.
  • Rotuma Day in Fiji.
  • Our Lady of Fatima
  • Saints of the Christian Church:
    • Abban the Hermit
    • Saint Servatus
    • Saint Robert Bellarmine
    • Saint Gerald of Villamagna
    • Saint John the Silent

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On This Day in History May 12

May 12 – Events:

  • 1191 – Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre.
  • 1264 – The Battle of Lewes, between King Henry III of England and the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, begins.
  • 1328 – Antipope Nicholas V, a claimant to the papacy, is consecrated in Rome by the Bishop of Venice.
  • 1364 – Jagiellonian University, the oldest university in Poland, was founded in Kraków, Poland.
  • 1551 – National University of San Marcos, the oldest university in the Americas, was founded in Lima, Peru.
  • 1588 – French Wars of Religion: Henry III of France flees Paris after Henry of Guise enters the city.
  • 1689 – King William’s War: William III of England joins the League of Augsburg starting a war with France.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Charleston, South Carolina is taken by British forces.
  • 1797 – First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice.
  • 1821 – The first big battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi.
  • 1862 – U.S. federal troops occupy Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Raymond: two divisions of James B. McPherson’s XVII Corps (ACW) turn the left wing of Confederate General John C. Pemberton’s defensive line on Fourteen Mile Creek, opening up the interior of Mississippi to the Union Army during the Vicksburg Campaign.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Spotsylvania Court House: Thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers die in “the Bloody Angle.”
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Palmito Ranch: The first day of the last major land action to take place during the Civil War, resulting in a Confederate victory.
  • 1870 – The Manitoba Act was given the Royal Assent, paving the way for Manitoba to become a province of Canada on July 15.
  • 1873 – Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned King of Sweden.
  • 1881 – In North Africa, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate.
  • 1885 – North-West Rebellion: The four-day Battle of Batoche, pitting rebel Métis against the Canadian government, comes to an end with a decisive rebel defeat.
  • 1890 – The first-ever official County Championship match begins. Yorkshire beat Gloucestershire by eight wickets at Bristol. George Ulyett scores the first century in the competition.
  • 1926 – UK General Strike 1926: In the United Kingdom, a nine-day general strike by trade unions ends.
  • 1932 – Ten weeks after his abduction, the infant son of Charles Lindbergh is found dead in Hopewell, New Jersey just a few miles from the Lindberghs’ home.
  • 1937 – Coronation of King George VI of Britain at Westminster Abbey.
  • 1941 – Konrad Zuse presented the Z3, the world’s first working programmable, fully automatic computer in Berlin.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second Battle of Kharkov – In the eastern Ukraine, the Soviet Army initiates a major offensive. During the battle the Soviets will capture the city of Kharkov from the German Army, only to be encircled and destroyed.
  • 1942 – 1,500 Jews are sent to gas chambers in Auschwitz.
  • 1949 – The Soviet Union lifts its Blockade of Berlin.
  • 1949 – The western occupying powers approve the Basic Law for the new German state – the Federal Republic of Germany.
  • 1952 – Gaj Singh crowned Maharaja of Jodhpur.
  • 1955 – The last portion of the IRT Third Avenue Elevated in Manhattan closes.
  • 1958 – A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
  • 1962 – Douglas MacArthur delivers his famous “Duty, Honor, Country” valedictory speech at West Point.
  • 1965 – The Soviet spacecraft Luna 5 crashes on the Moon.
  • 1965 – West Germany and Israel establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1966 – Busch Memorial Stadium, home of the St. Louis Cardinals major league baseball team and until 1987, the NFL team of the same name, opens in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1967 – At Queen Elizabeth Hall, England, Pink Floyd stages the first-ever quadraphonic rock concert.
  • 1975 – Mayagüez incident: The Cambodian navy seizes the American merchant ship SS Mayaguez in international waters.
  • 1978 – In Zaïre, rebels occupy the city of Kolwezi, the mining center of the province of Shaba. The government of Zaïre asks the U.S., France and Belgium to restore order.
  • 1981 – Francis Hughes starves to death in the Maze Prison in a republican campaign for political status to be granted to IRA prisoners.
  • 1982 – During a procession outside the shrine of the Virgin Mary in Fátima, Portugal, security guards overpower Juan Fernandez Krohn before he can attack Pope John Paul II with a bayonet. Krohn, an ultraconservative Spanish priest opposed to the Vatican II reforms, decided that the Pope must be killed for being an “agent of Moscow.”
  • 1994 – UK opposition leader John Smith dies in a London hospital after two serious heart attacks.
  • 1999 – David Steel becomes the first Presiding Officer (speaker) of the modern Scottish Parliament.
  • 2002 – Former President Jimmy Carter arrives in Cuba for a five-day visit with Fidel Castro becoming first President of the United States, in or out of office, to visit the island since Castro’s 1959 revolution.
  • 2003 – The Riyadh compound bombings, carried out by Al Qaeda, kill 26.
  • 2003 – Fifty-nine Democratic lawmakers bring the Texas Legislature to a standstill by going into hiding in a dispute over a Republican congressional redistricting plan.
  • 2006 – Justin Gatlin ties the 100 metres sprint world record with a time of 9.77 seconds in Doha, Qatar.

May 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1401 – Emperor Shoko (d. 1428)
  • 1496 – Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1560)
  • 1590 – Cosimo II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1621)
  • 1622 – Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor General of New France (d. 1698)
  • 1626 – Louis Hennepin, Flemish missionary (d. 1705)
  • 1670 – Frederick Augustus I of Poland (d. 1733)
  • 1700 – Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect (d. 1773)
  • 1725 – Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (d. 1785)
  • 1767 – Manuel de Godoy, Spanish statesman (d. 1851)
  • 1803 – Justus von Liebig, German chemist (d. 1873)
  • 1804 – Robert Baldwin, Canadian politician (d. 1858)
  • 1806 – Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (d. 1881)
  • 1812 – Edward Lear, English author and poet (d. 1888)
  • 1820 – Florence Nightingale, English nurse (d. 1910)
  • 1828 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet (d. 1882)
  • 1829 – Pavlos Carrer, Greek composer (d. 1896)
  • 1842 – Jules Massenet, French composer (d. 1912)
  • 1845 – Gabriel Fauré, French composer (d. 1924)
  • 1850 – Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. statesman (d. 1924)
  • 1867 – Hugh Trumble, Australian cricketer (d. 1938)
  • 1874 – Clemens von Pirquet, Austrian physician (d. 1929)
  • 1880 – Lincoln Ellsworth, American scientist (d. 1951)
  • 1889 – Otto Frank, father of Anne Frank (d. 1980)
  • 1892 – Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – William Giauque, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1982)
  • 1899 – Indra Devi, yogi (d. 2002)
  • 1900 – Helene Weigel, German actress (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Wilfrid Hyde-White, English actor (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Leslie Charteris, British author and screenwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1907 – Katharine Hepburn, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Charles B. Fulton, American jurist (d. 1996)
  • 1910 – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, British biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Archibald Cox, U.S. Solicitor General (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Howard K. Smith, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founded Mary Kay Cosmetics (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – Frank Clair, Canadian football coach (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Julius Rosenberg, Soviet spy (d. 1953)
  • 1921 – Joseph Beuys, German artist (d. 1986)
  • 1921 – Farley Mowat, Canadian writer and naturalist
  • 1922 – Marco Denevi, Argentine writer (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – Alexander Esenin-Volpin, Russian mathematician
  • 1924 – Tony Hancock, English comedian (d. 1968)
  • 1925 – Yogi Berra, American baseball player
  • 1928 – Burt Bacharach, American composer
  • 1928 – Henry Cosby, African-American songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Dollard St. Laurent, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1929 – Sam Nujoma, first President of Namibia
  • 1930 – Jesús Franco, Spanish film director
  • 1933 – Andrey Voznesensky, Russian poet
  • 1935 – Felipe Alou, Dominican baseball player and manager
  • 1935 – Johnny Bucyk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1936 – Guillermo Endara, President of Panama
  • 1936 – Tom Snyder, American television personality (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Frank Stella, American painter
  • 1937 – Beryl Burton, English cyclist (d. 1996)
  • 1937 – George Carlin, American comedian
  • 1937 – Susan Hampshire, English actress
  • 1938 – Millie Perkins, American film actress
  • 1939 – Miltiadis Evert, Greek politician
  • 1939 – Ron Ziegler, White House Press Secretary (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Ian Dury, English musician (d. 2000)
  • 1942 – Michel Fugain, French singer and songwriter
  • 1942 – Billy Swan, American songwriter and singer
  • 1944 – James Purify, American singer
  • 1945 – Alan Ball, English footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Ian McLagan, English keyboardist (Small Faces)
  • 1946 – L. Neil Smith, American science fiction author
  • 1947 – Michael Ignatieff, Canadian politician
  • 1947 – Micheline Lanctôt, American film actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Steve Winwood, English musician (The Spencer Davis Group; Traffic)
  • 1950 – Bruce Boxleitner, American actor
  • 1950 – Gabriel Byrne, Irish actor
  • 1950 – Billy Squier, American singer
  • 1955 – Kix Brooks, American musician
  • 1956 – Bernie Federko, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Glenn Robbins, Australian comedian
  • 1957 – Lou Whitaker, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Andreas Petroulakis, Greek political caricaturist
  • 1958 – Eric Singer, American drummer
  • 1959 – Ving Rhames, American actor
  • 1960 – Ian Khan, British racing driver
  • 1961 – Billy Duffy, English guitarist (The Cult)
  • 1961 – Lar Park Lincoln, American actress
  • 1961 – Bruce McCulloch, Canadian actor
  • 1962 – Emilio Estevez, American actor
  • 1962 – Brett Gurewitz, American songwriter and record producer (Bad Religion) (Epitaph)
  • 1963 – Panagiotis Fasoulas, Greek basketball player, Mayor of Piraeus
  • 1963 – Stefano Modena, Italian racing driver
  • 1963 – Jerry Trimble, American actor
  • 1963 – Deborah Kara Unger, Canadian actress
  • 1963 – Vanessa A. Williams, American actress
  • 1966 – Stephen Baldwin, American actor
  • 1966 – Bebel Gilberto, Brazilian singer
  • 1967 – Paul D’Amour, American bass guitarist (ex-Tool)
  • 1968 – Mark Clark, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Tony Hawk, American skateboarder
  • 1968 – Scott Schwartz, American actor
  • 1968 – Catherine Tate, English comedian
  • 1969 – Kim Fields, American actress
  • 1969 – Cesar Millan, professional dog trainer
  • 1970 – Jim Furyk, American golfer
  • 1970 – Samantha Mathis, American actress
  • 1970 – Mike Weir, Canadian golfer
  • 1971 – Doug Basham, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Kendra Kassebaum, American stage actress
  • 1973 – Travis Lutter, Mixed Martial Arts Fighter
  • 1975 – Jonah Lomu, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Graeme Dott, Scottish snooker player
  • 1977 – Rebecca Herbst, American actress
  • 1978 – Jason Biggs, American actor
  • 1978 – Wilfred Le Bouthillier, Acadian singer
  • 1978 – Josh Phelps, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Hossein Reza Zadeh, Iranian weightlifter
  • 1978 – Aya Ishiguro, Japanese singer (formerly Morning Musume)
  • 1979 – Andre Carter, American football player
  • 1979 – Erdinç Saçan, Turkish-Dutch politician
  • 1981 – Kentaro Sato, Japanese composer
  • 1981 – Lorena Bernal, Spanish model and actress, Miss Spain 1999
  • 1983 – Charilaos Pappas, Greek footballer
  • 1984 – Cheryl Burke, Filipino-American ballroom dancer
  • 1985 – Tally Hall, American soccer player
  • 1986 – Emily VanCamp, Canadian actress
  • 1988 – Marcelo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Bradford N. Smith, American actor
  • 1992 – Malcolm David Kelley, American actor
  • 1995 – Sullivan and Sawyer Sweeten, American actors

May 12 – Deaths:

  • 1003 – Pope Silvester II
  • 1012 – Pope Sergius IV
  • 1382 – Queen Joan I of Naples (b. 1327)
  • 1399 – Demetrius I Starshiy (killed in battle) (b. 1327)
  • 1465 – Thomas Palaeologus, Despot of the Despotate of Morea
  • 1634 – George Chapman, English writer
  • 1641 – Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, English statesman (b. 1593)
  • 1684 – Edme Mariotte, French physicist and priest
  • 1699 – Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (b. 1626)
  • 1700 – John Dryden, English writer (b. 1631)
  • 1708 – Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1658)
  • 1748 – Thomas Lowndes, English astronomer (b. 1692)
  • 1759 – Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor (b. 1700)
  • 1784 – Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (b. 1710)
  • 1792 – Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist (b. 1710)
  • 1796 – Johann Peter Uz, German poet (b. 1720)
  • 1801 – Nicholas Repnin, Russian statesman (b. 1734)
  • 1845 – János Bacsanyi, Hungarian poet (b. 1763)
  • 1856 – Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (b. 1786)
  • 1859 – Sergei Aksakov, Russian writer (b. 1791)
  • 1860 – Charles Barry, English architect (b. 1795)
  • 1864 – J. E. B. Stuart, American soldier from Virginia and a Confederate Army general (b. 1833)
  • 1867 – Friedrich William Eduard Gerhard, German archaeologist (b. 1795)
  • 1871 – Anselme Payen, French physicist (b. 1795)
  • 1876 – Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary, brutally killed by the Turks (b. 1843)
  • 1884 – Bedrich Smetana, Czech composer (b. 1824)
  • 1889 – John Cadbury, English chocolate entrepreneur (b. 1801)
  • 1907 – Joris-Karl Huysmans, French author (b. 1848)
  • 1916 – James Connolly, Irish socialist (b. 1868)
  • 1925 – Amy Lowell, American poet (b. 1874)
  • 1931 – Eugène Ysaÿe, Belgian violinist (b. 1858)
  • 1935 – Józef Pilsudski, Polish statesman (b. 1867)
  • 1944 – Max Brand, American author (b. 1892)
  • 1944 – Arthur Quiller-Couch, English writer (b. 1863)
  • 1956 – Louis Calhern, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1957 – Erich von Stroheim, film director and actor (b. 1885)
  • 1963 – Bobby Kerr, Canadian runner (b. 1882)
  • 1966 – Felix Martin Julius Steiner, German Heer and Waffen-SS officer (b. 1896)
  • 1967 – John Masefield, British writer (b. 1878)
  • 1970 – Nelly Sachs, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1971 – Heinie Manush, American baseball player (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – Art Pollard, American racecar driver (b. 1927)
  • 1985 – Jean Dubuffet, French painter (b. 1901)
  • 1986 – Elisabeth Bergner, Austrian actress (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Chen Kenmin, Japanese chef (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – Robert Reed, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 1992 – Nikos Gatsos, Greek poet and lyricist (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – Lenny Montana, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 1994 – Erik Erikson, German psychoanalyst (b. 1902)
  • 1994 – John Smith, British politician (b. 1938)
  • 1995 – Mia Martini, real name: Domenica Bertè, Italian singer and song-writer (b. 1947)
  • 1999 – Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz, Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia 1993-1999 (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Adam Petty, American race car driver (b. 1980)
  • 2001 – Perry Como, American singer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Alexei Tupolev, Russian aircraft designer (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – Erich Kulas, ECW Wrestler (Mass Transit)
  • 2003 – Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, French UN High Commissioner for Refugees (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Martin Lings, English Islamic scholar (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Monica Zetterlund, Swedish actress and singer (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Gillespie V. Montgomery, former U.S. representative from Mississippi (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Mullah Dadullah Akhund, Taliban military leader (b. 1966?)
  • 2007 – Teddy Infuhr, American former child actor (b. 1936)

May 12 – Holidays:

  • International Nurses Day, commemorating the birthday of Florence Nightingale in 1820.
  • Day of Finnishness in Finland; Commemoration day of J. V. Snellman.
  • Religious feast days:
  • Feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saints Achilleus and Nereus
    • Saint Pancras (died 304), second of the Ice Saints
    • Saint Epiphanius of Salamis
    • Saint Modoald
    • Saint Domitilla
    • Saint Joan of Portugal
    • Blessed Imelda
    • Saint Philip of Agira
    • Dominic de la Calzada

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On This Day in History May 11

May 11 – Events:

  • 330 – Byzantium is renamed Nova Roma during a dedication ceremony, but is more popularly referred to as Constantinople.
  • 1310 – 54 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake in France for being heretics.
  • 1502 – Christopher Columbus leaves for his fourth and final voyage to the West Indies.
  • 1745 – War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy – At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army.
  • 1792 – Captain Robert Gray becomes the first documented white person to sail into the Columbia River.
  • 1812 – Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London.
  • 1813 – In Australia, Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth, lead an expedition westwards from Sydney. Their route opens up inland Australia for continued expansion throughout the 19th century.
  • 1820 – Launch of HMS Beagle the ship that took young Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage.
  • 1841 – Lt. Charles Wilkes lands at Fort Nisqually in Puget Sound.
  • 1857 – Indian Mutiny: Indian rebels seize Delhi from the British.
  • 1858 – Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. state.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The ironclad CSS Virginia is scuttled in the James River northwest of Norfolk, Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Yellow Tavern – Confederate General JEB Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern, Virginia.
  • 1867 – Luxembourg gains its independence.
  • 1891 – Otsu Scandal.
  • 1894 – Pullman Strike: Four thousand Pullman Palace Car Company workers go on a wildcat strike in Illinois.
  • 1907 – A derailment outside Lompoc, California kills 32 Shriners when their chartered train jumps off the tracks at a switch near Surf Depot.
  • 1910 – An act of the U.S. Congress establishes Glacier National Park in Montana.
  • 1911 – The United States becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1918 – The Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus was officially established.
  • 1924 – Mercedes-Benz formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging the two companies.
  • 1927 – The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is founded.
  • 1934 – Dust Bowl: A strong two-day dust storm removes massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil in one of the worst dust storms of the Dust Bowl in North America.
  • 1942 – William Faulkner’s collections of short stories, Go Down, Moses, is published.
  • 1943 – World War II: American troops invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Allies start a major offensive against the Axis Powers on the Gustav Line.
  • 1946 – UMNO is created.
  • 1949 – Siam officially changes its name to Thailand, a name in use since 1939.
  • 1949 – Israel joins the United Nations.
  • 1953 – The Waco Tornado: An F5 tornado hits downtown Waco, Texas, killing 114.
  • 1960 – In Buenos Aires, Argentina, four Israeli Mossad agents capture fugitive Nazi Adolf Eichmann, living under the assumed name Ricardo Klement.
  • 1960 – The first contraceptive pill is made available on the market.
  • 1967 – Andreas Papandreou, Greek economist and socialist politician, is imprisoned in Athens by the Greek military junta.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: Operation Apache Snow – Near the Laos border, American and South Vietnamese forces fight North Vietnamese troops for Ap Bia Mountain (aka Hill 937 or “Hamburger Hill”).
  • 1970 – Henry “Dickie” Marrow is murdered in a violent racially-motivated crime in Oxford, N.C..
  • 1970 – The Lubbock Tornado: An F5 tornado hits downtown Lubbock, Texas, killing 26.
  • 1973 – Citing government misconduct, Daniel Ellsberg has his charges for his involvement in releasing the Pentagon Papers to The New York Times dismissed.
  • 1984 – A transit of Earth from Mars takes place.
  • 1985 – 56 spectators die when a flash fire strikes a football ground during a match in Bradford, England.
  • 1987 – Klaus Barbie goes on trial in Lyon for war crimes committed during World War II.
  • 1987 – The first heart-lung transplant takes place (Baltimore, Maryland). The surgery is performed by Dr. Bruce Reitz, of Stanford University School of Medicine.
  • 1995 – In New York City, more than 170 countries decide to extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty indefinitely and without conditions.
  • 1996 – After taking-off from Miami, a fire started by improperly handled oxygen canisters in the cargo hold of Atlanta-bound ValuJet Flight 592 causes the Douglas DC-9 to crash in the Florida Everglades killing all 110 on board.
  • 1997 – IBM Deep Blue, a chess-playing supercomputer, defeats Garry Kasparov in the last game of the rematch, becoming the first computer to beat a world-champion chess player.
  • 1998 – India conducts three underground nuclear tests in Pokhran, including a thermonuclear device.
  • 2000 – Last performance of the musical Cats in London’s West End.
  • 2002 – Her Royal Highness Princess Margriet of the Netherlands unveiled the Man With Two Hats monument in Ottawa (May 11, 2002) and Apeldoorn (May 2), 2000, symbolically linking both Netherlands and Canada for their assistance throughout the Second World War.
  • 2007 – Pope Benedict XVI canonizes the first Brazilian-born saint, Frei Galvão.

May 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1571 – Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (d. 1637)
  • 1720 – Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German adventurer (d. 1797)
  • 1722 – Petrus Camper, Dutch anatomist (d. 1789)
  • 1733 – Victoire of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d. 1799)
  • 1752 – Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (d. 1840)
  • 1763 – János Batsányi, Hungarian poet (d. 1845)
  • 1799 – John Lowell, American philanthropist (d. 1836)
  • 1801 – Henri Labrouste, French architect (d. 1875)
  • 1811 – Chang and Eng Bunker, famous conjoined twins (d. 1874)
  • 1811 – Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1893)
  • 1817 – Fanny Cerrito, Italian ballet dancer (d. 1909)
  • 1824 – Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (d. 1904)
  • 1827 – Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (d. 1875)
  • 1835 – Karlis Baumanis, Latvian composer (d. 1905)
  • 1838 – Walter Goodman, British painter, illustrator and author (d. 1912)
  • 1852 – Charles W. Fairbanks, United States Vice President (d. 1918)
  • 1854 – Jack Blackham, Australian cricketer (d. 1932)
  • 1861 – Frederick Russell Burnham, father of the international scouting movement (d. 1947)
  • 1871 – Stjepan Radic, Croatian politician (d. 1928)
  • 1871 – Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer (d. 1943)
  • 1875 – Harriet Quimby, American aviator (d. 1912)
  • 1881 – Al Cabrera, Spanish-born Cuban baseball player (d. 1964)
  • 1881 – Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian physicist (d. 1963)
  • 1887 – Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (d. 1961)
  • 1888 – Irving Berlin, American composer (d. 1989)
  • 1888 – Willis A. Lee, World War II U.S. naval admiral (d. 1945)
  • 1890 – Woodall Rodgers, mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1961)
  • 1892 – Margaret Rutherford, English actress (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (d. 1991)
  • 1895 – Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (d. 1986)
  • 1896 – Josip Štolcer-Slavenski Croatian composer (d. 1955)
  • 1897 – Kurt Gerron, German director (d. 1944)
  • 1897 – Robert E. Gross, American businessman (d. 1961)
  • 1899 – Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (d. 1963)
  • 1903 – Charlie Gehringer, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1904 – Salvador Dalí, Spanish painter (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Rose Ausländer, German poet (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Rip Sewell, American baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Ellis R Dungan, American born Indian film director (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – Herbert Murrill, English composer (d. 1952)
  • 1911 – Mitchell Sharp, Canadian politician (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – Phil Silvers, American actor and comedian (d. 1985)
  • 1912 – Foster Brooks, American actor and comedian (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Robert Jungk, Austrian publicist (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Haroun Tazieff, French volcanologist (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Camilo José Cela, Spanish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Richard Feynman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1921 – Hildegard Hamm-Brücher, German politician
  • 1922 – Nestor Chylak, American baseball umpire (d. 1992)
  • 1924 – Eugene Dynkin, Russian mathematician
  • 1924 – Antony Hewish, English radio astronomer, Nobel laureate
  • 1925 – Edward J. King, 66 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Mort Sahl, Canadian comedian and political commentator
  • 1927 – Gene Savoy, American author, explorer, scholar and cleric (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Yaacov Agam, Israeli sculptor
  • 1928 – Brother Andrew, Dutch missionary
  • 1928 – Marco Ferreri, Italian film director and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Bud Ekins, American stuntman (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Louis Farrakhan, American Black Muslim leader
  • 1935 – Doug McClure, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1935 – Francisco Umbral, Spanish novelist (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Carla Bley, American musician and composer
  • 1939 – Carlos Lyra, Brazilian musician
  • 1940 – Juan Downey, Chilean video artist (d. 1993)
  • 1941 – Eric Burdon, British singer (The Animals)
  • 1941 – Graham Miles, English snooker player
  • 1942 – Rachel Billington, British author
  • 1943 – Nancy Greene, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1943 – Juliet Harmer, English actress
  • 1946 – Robert Jarvik, American physician and inventor
  • 1946 – Plume Latraverse, Quebec singer and musician
  • 1947 – Butch Trucks, American drummer (The Allman Brothers Band)
  • 1948 – Nirj Deva, Sri Lankan-British politician
  • 1948 – Shigeru Izumiya, Japanese folk musician
  • 1950 – Dane Iorg, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Jeremy Paxman, British journalist and author
  • 1952 – Shohreh Aghdashloo, Iranian actress
  • 1952 – Frances Fisher, English-born actress
  • 1952 – Mike Lupica, American sports journalist
  • 1952 – Renaud Séchan, French composer
  • 1953 – David Gest, American television producer
  • 1953 – Céline Lomez, Quebec singer and actress
  • 1954 – John Gregory, English football manager
  • 1954 – Lubomir Stoykov, Bulgarian journalist and broadcaster
  • 1955 – John DeStefano, Jr., American politician
  • 1956 – Theresa Burke, Canadian journalist
  • 1956 – Alex Lester, British broadcaster
  • 1957 – Peter North, Canadian porn star
  • 1958 – Christian Brando, American actor and eldest child of Marlon Brando (d. 2008)
  • 1958 – Phil Smyth, Australian basketball player
  • 1958 – Walt Terrell, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Martha Quinn, American television personality
  • 1963 – Gunilla Carlsson, Swedish politician
  • 1963 – Masatoshi Hamada, Japanese comedian
  • 1963 – Natasha Richardson, English-born actress
  • 1964 – John Parrott, English snooker player
  • 1964 – Katie Wagner, American television reporter
  • 1964 – Floyd Youmans, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Greg Dulli, American musician
  • 1966 – Christoph Schneider, German drummer (Rammstein)
  • 1970 – Nicky Katt, American actor
  • 1972 – Anita Hegh, Australian actress
  • 1973 – James Haven, American actor
  • 1974 – Kevin Brown, English-born Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Stanley Gene, Papua New Guinean rugby league footballer
  • 1974 – Billy Kidman, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Benoît Magimel, French actor
  • 1974 – Darren Ward, Welsh footballer
  • 1975 – Francisco Cordero, Dominican baseball player
  • 1977 – Janne Ahonen, Finnish ski jumper
  • 1977 – Gonzalo Colsa, Spanish footballer
  • 1977 – Pablo García, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1977 – Victor Matfield, South African rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Matthew Newton, Australian actor
  • 1978 – Laetitia Casta, French supermodel and actress
  • 1979 – Erin Lang, Canadian musician
  • 1981 – Lauren Jackson, Australian basketball player
  • 1981 – Dan Ortmeier, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Jonathan Jackson, American actor
  • 1982 – Andrew Walter, American football player
  • 1983 – Matt Leinart, American football player
  • 1983 – Holly Valance, Australian-born actress and singer
  • 1984 – Andres Iniesta, Spanish football player
  • 1986 – Abou Diaby, French footballer
  • 1986 – Ronny, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Justin King, American football player
  • 1987 – Louis Murphy, American college football player
  • 1987 – Monica Rosu, Romanian gymnast

May 11 – Deaths:

  • 912 – Leo VI, Byzantine Emperor (b. 866)
  • 1304 – Mahmud Ghazan, Mongol ruler (b. 1271)
  • 1610 – Matteo Ricci, Italian Jesuit missionary (b. 1552)
  • 1672 – Charles Seton, 2nd Earl of Dunfermline, English royalist (b. 1615)
  • 1708 – Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect (b. 1646)
  • 1723 – Jean Galbert de Campistron, French dramatist (b. 1656)
  • 1777 – George Pigot, Baron Pigot, British governor of Madras (b. 1719)
  • 1778 – William Pitt, the Elder, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1708)
  • 1812 – Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (assassinated) (b. 1762)
  • 1848 – Tom Cribb, English boxer (b. 1781)
  • 1849 – Jeanne Françoise Julie Adélaïde Récamier, French socialite (b. 1777)
  • 1871 – John Herschel, British mathematician and astronomer (b. 1792)
  • 1887 – Jean Baptiste Boussingault, French chemist (b. 1802)
  • 1891 – A. E. Becquerel, French physicist (b. 1820)
  • 1916 – Max Reger, German composer (b. 1873)
  • 1916 – Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer and physicist (b. 1873)
  • 1920 – William Dean Howells, American writer (b. 1837)
  • 1929 – Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (b. 1864)
  • 1934 – Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1867)
  • 1955 – Gilbert Jessop, English cricketer (b. 1874)
  • 1960 – John D. Rockefeller, Jr., American philanthropist (b. 1874)
  • 1963 – Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Johnny Hodges, American musician (b. 1906)
  • 1973 – Lex Barker, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1976 – Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect (b. 1898)
  • 1979 – Lester Flatt, American bluegrass musician (b. 1914)
  • 1981 – Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Bob Marley, Jamaican singer and musician (b. 1945)
  • 1985 – Chester Gould, American cartoonist (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Henry P. McIlhenny, American philanthropist (b. 1910)
  • 1986 -Fritz Pollard, American football player (b. 1894)
  • 1988 – Kim Philby, British spy (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Timothy Carey, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1996 – Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazilian footballer (b. 1922)
  • 1996 – Nnamdi Azikiwe, President of Nigeria (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Paula Wessely, Austrian actress (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Douglas Adams, English author (b. 1952)
  • 2002 – Joseph Bonanno, Italian-born gangster (b. 1905)
  • 2002 – Renaude Lapointe, French Canadian journalist and senator (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Noel Redding, English bassist (The Jimi Hendrix Experience) (b. 1945)
  • 2004 – Mick Doyle, Irish international rugby player and coach
  • 2004 – John Whitehead, American singer (McFadden & Whitehead) (b. 1949)
  • 2005 – Michalis Genitsaris, Greek rebetiko singer and composer (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Floyd Patterson, American boxer (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Frankie Thomas, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Yossi Banai, Israeli singer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Malietoa Tanumafili II, Sovereign Ruler of Samoa (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Bernard Gordon, blacklisted American author. (b. 1918)

May 11 – Holidays:

  • Holiday of the City of Miskolc

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On This Day in History May 10

May 10 – Events:

  • 1291 – Scottish nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England.
  • 1497 – Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World.
  • 1503 – Christopher Columbus visits the Cayman Islands and names them Las Tortugas after the numerous sea turtles there.
  • 1534 – Jacques Cartier visits Newfoundland.
  • 1768 – John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for the North Briton severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.
  • 1774 – Louis XVI becomes King of France.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Fort Ticonderoga is taken by a small force led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Representatives from the 13 colonies of the United States meet in Philadelphia and raise the Continental Army to defend the new republic. They place it under command of George Washington of Virginia.
  • 1796 – First Coalition: Napoleon I of France wins a decisive victory against Austrian forces at Lodi bridge over the River Adda in Italy. The Austrians lose some 2,000 men.
  • 1801 – First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States.
  • 1824 – National Gallery in London opens to the public.
  • 1837 – Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.
  • 1857 – Indian Mutiny: In India, the first war of Independence begins. Sepoys revolt against their  commanding officers at Meerut.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Colonel Emory Upton leads a 10-regiment “Attack-in-depth” assault against the Confederate works at The Battle of Spotsylvania, which, though ultimately unsuccessful, would provide the idea for the massive assault against the Bloody Angle on May 12. Upton was wounded slightly but immediately is promoted to Brigadier general.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is captured by Union troops near Irwinville, Georgia.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Union soldiers ambush and mortally wound Confederate raider William Quantrill in Kentucky, who lingers until his death on June 6.
  • 1869 – The First Transcontinental Railroad, linking the eastern and western United States, is completed at Promontory Summit, Utah (not Promontory Point, Utah) with the golden spike.
  • 1872 – Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman nominated for President of the United States.
  • 1877 – Romania declares itself independent from Turkey, following the Senate adoption of Mihail Kogalniceanu’s Declaration of Independence. This act was recognized on March 26, 1881 after the end of the Romanian War of Independence.
  • 1908 – Mother’s Day is observed for the first time in Grafton, West Virginia, USA.
  • 1922 – The USA annexes the Kingman Reef.
  • 1924 – J. Edgar Hoover is appointed the Director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, and remains so until his death in 1972.
  • 1933 – Censorship: In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings.
  • 1940 – World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent.
  • 1940 – World War II: Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
  • 1940 – World War II: Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1940 – World War II: Invasion of Iceland by the United Kingdom.
  • 1941 – World War II: The House of Commons in London is damaged by the Luftwaffe in an air  raid.
  • 1941 – World War II: Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland in order to try and negotiate a peace deal between the United Kingdom and Nazi Germany.
  • 1942 – Thai Phayap Army invaded the Shan States during the Burma Campaign of World War II.
  • 1954 – Bill Haley & His Comets release “Rock Around the Clock,” the first rock and roll record to reach number one on the charts.
  • 1960 – The nuclear submarine USS Triton completes the first underwater circumnavigation of the earth.
  • 1969 – The Battle of Dong Ap Bia begins with an assault on Hill 937. It will ultimately become known as Hamburger Hill.
  • 1970 – The Boston Bruins win their first Stanley Cup since 1941 when Bobby Orr makes an overtime winning goal followed by a leap in the air that would become one of the most famous photographs in ice hockey (“The Goal”).
  • 1979 – The Federated States of Micronesia becomes self-governing.
  • 1981 – François Mitterrand takes office as the first Socialist President of France.
  • 1993 – In Thailand, a fire at the Kader Toy Factory kills 188 workers, mostly young women.
  • 1994 – Nelson Mandela is inaugurated as South Africa’s first black president. 
  • 1996 – A “rogue storm” near the summit of Mount Everest kills eight climbers, making this the deadliest day in the mountain’s history. Among the dead are experienced climbers Rob Hall and Scott Fischer, both of whom were leading paid expeditions to the summit.
  • 1997 – Pope John Paul II visits Lebanon
  • 2001 – In Ghana, a stampede at a football game kills over 120 spectators.
  • 2002 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is given a life sentence without the possibility of parole for selling United States secrets to Moscow for $1.4 million in cash and diamonds.
  • 2003 – Record shattering tornado activity during the May 2003 Tornado Outbreak Sequence.
  • 2005 – A hand grenade thrown by Vladimir Arutinian lands about 65 feet (20 metres) from United States President George W. Bush while he was giving a speech to a crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but it malfunctions and does not detonate.

May 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1265 – Emperor Fushimi of Japan (d. 1317)
  • 1604 – Jean Mairet, French dramatist (d. 1686)
  • 1641 – Dudley North, English economist (d. 1691)
  • 1727 – Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (d. 1781)
  • 1746 – Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1760 – Johann Peter Hebel, German poet (d. 1826)
  • 1760 – Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French composer (La Marseillaise) (d. 1836)
  • 1770 – Louis Nicolas Davout, French marshal (d. 1823)
  • 1775 – Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (d. 1809)
  • 1788 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (d. 1827)
  • 1788 – Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
  • 1813 – Montgomery Blair, American politician (d. 1883)
  • 1838 – John Wilkes Booth, American actor and assassin of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1865)
  • 1840 – Hadzhi Dimitar, Bulgarian revolutionist (d. 1868)
  • 1841 – James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (d. 1918)
  • 1843 – Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (d. 1920)
  • 1847 – Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (d. 1923)
  • 1866 – Léon Bakst, Russian artist (d. 1924)
  • 1868 – Ed Barrow, American baseball manager (d. 1953)
  • 1872 – Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (d. 1950)
  • 1874 – Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (d. 1941)
  • 1876 – Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer (d. 1918)
  • 1878 – Gustav Stresemann, Chancellor of Germany, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1929)
  • 1879 – Symon Petlura, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1926)
  • 1886 – Karl Barth, Swiss Protestant theologian (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Olaf Stapledon, British author and philosopher (d. 1950)
  • 1886 – Felix Manalo, Founder and 1st Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
  • 1887 – Mir Ghotbeddin Mohammad Angha, 40th Sufi master of the Oveyssi order (d. 1962)
  • 1888 – Max Steiner, Austrian composer (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Mae Murray, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1890 – Alfred Jodl, German general (d. 1946)
  • 1897 – Einar Gerhardsen, Prime minister of Norway (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Ariel Durant, American historian (d. 1981)
  • 1899 – Fred Astaire, American dancer and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1899 – Dimitri Tiomkin, Ukrainian-born composer (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Anatole Litvak, Ukrainian-born film director (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – David O. Selznick, American film producer (d. 1965)
  • 1903 – Otto Bradfisch, Nazi leader (d. 1994)
  • 1905 – Markos Vamvakaris, Greek rebetiko musician and songwriter (d. 1972)
  • 1909 – Maybelle Carter, American musician (d. 1978)
  • 1911 – Bel Kaufman, American author
  • 1915 – Denis Thatcher, British businessman and husband of Margaret Thatcher (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Milton Babbitt, American composer
  • 1923 – Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Nayantara Sahgal, Indian author
  • 1928 – Arnold Rüütel, Estonian president
  • 1929 – Antonine Maillet, French Canadian novelist and playwright
  • 1930 – Pat Summerall, American football player and broadcaster
  • 1930 – Scott Muni, American radio DJ (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Barbara Taylor Bradford, English writer
  • 1934 – Cliff Wilson, Welsh snooker player (d. 1994)
  • 1934 – Jeanine Basinger, American film scholar
  • 1935 – Larry Williams, American singer and songwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1936 – Gary Owens, American actor and announcer
  • 1937 – Tamara Press, Soviet athlete
  • 1937 – Jim Hickman, American baseball player
  • 1938 – Marina Vlady, French actress
  • 1940 – Wayne A. Downing, retired United States Army general
  • 1942 – Youssouf Sambo Bâ, Burkinabé politician
  • 1943 – Richard Darman, American economist
  • 1944 – Jim Abrahams, American film director
  • 1944 – Maureen Lipman, English actress
  • 1944 – Marie-France Pisier, French actress
  • 1946 – Donovan, Scottish musician
  • 1946 – Graham Gouldman, British musician and songwriter (10cc)
  • 1946 – Dave Mason, English musician (Traffic)
  • 1947 – Caroline Cooney, American author
  • 1947 – Jay Ferguson, American musician and composer
  • 1952 – Kikki Danielsson, Swedish singer
  • 1953 – John Diamond, English journalist (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Chris Berman, American sportscaster
  • 1955 – Mark David Chapman, American assassin of John Lennon
  • 1956 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian television anchor and journalist (d. 1995)
  • 1957 – Sid Vicious, English bassist (The Sex Pistols) (d. 1979)
  • 1958 – Rick Santorum, U.S. Senator
  • 1958 – Yu Suzuki, Japanese creator of Virtua Fighter series
  • 1958 – Gaétan Boucher, Canadian speed skater
  • 1959 – Victoria Rowell, American actress
  • 1959 – Danny Schayes, American basketball player
  • 1960 – Bono, Irish singer (U2)
  • 1961 – Danny Carey, American drummer (Tool, Pigmy Love Circus)
  • 1963 – Lisa Nowak, American astronaut
  • 1965 – Linda Evangelista, Canadian supermodel
  • 1965 – Darren Matthews, English professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Jonathan Edwards, English athlete
  • 1967 – Scott Brison, Canadian politician
  • 1967 – Jon Ronson, British journalist and author
  • 1967 – Young MC, American rapper
  • 1968 – Erik Palladino, American actor
  • 1968 – Ed Sanders, British actor and television personality
  • 1968 – Al Murray, British comedian
  • 1969 – Dennis Bergkamp, Dutch footballer
  • 1969 – John Scalzi, American writer
  • 1970 – David Weir, Scottish footballer
  • 1970 – Perry Blake, Irish singer/songwriter
  • 1971 – Ådne Søndrål, Norwegian speed skater
  • 1972 – Radoslaw Majdan, Polish footballer
  • 1973 – Craig Mack, American rapper
  • 1973 – Joshua Eagle, Australian tennis player
  • 1973 – Aviv Geffen, Israeli singer/songwriter (Blackfield)
  • 1974 – Sylvain Wiltord, French footballer
  • 1975 – Hélio Castroneves, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1975 – Adam Deadmarsh, American ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Stuart Braithwaite, Scottish musician (Mogwai)
  • 1976 – Rob Malda, American internet writer/editor (Slashdot)
  • 1976 – Udo Mechels, Belgian singer
  • 1976 – Aggeliki Tsiolakoudi, Greek javelin thrower
  • 1977 – Henri Camara, Senegalese footballer
  • 1977 – Nick Heidfeld, German Formula 1 driver
  • 1977 – Denise Ho, Hong Kong singer
  • 1978 – Kenan Thompson, American actor
  • 1979 – Lee Hyori, South Korean singer
  • 1981 – Humberto Suazo, Chilean footballer
  • 1982 – Adebayo Akinfenwa, English footballer
  • 1982 – Katherine Bates, Australian cyclist
  • 1982 – Despina Caldis, Greek-Australian actress
  • 1982 – Jeremy Gable, American playwright
  • 1982 – Daniel Harris, Australian rules footballer
  • 1983 – Gustav Fridolin, Swedish politician
  • 1983 – Natalia Zabala, Miss Spain 2007
  • 1984 – Edward Mujica, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1989 – Lindsey Shaw, American actress
  • 1989 – Sam Mac, Australian radio and television personality
  • 1993 – Charice Pempengco, Filipino singer
  • 1993 – Mirai Shida, Japanese actress
  • 2000 – Shyann McClure, American actress and model

May 10 – Deaths:

  • 1034 – Mieszko II of Poland (b. 990)
  • 1290 – Duke Rudolph II of Austria (b. 1271)
  • 1424 – Go-Kameyama, Emperor of Japan
  • 1482 – Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli, Italian mathematician and astronomer (b. 1397)
  • 1493 – Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1521 – Sebastian Brant, Alsatian humanist (b. 1457)
  • 1566 – Leonhart Fuchs, German botanist (b. 1501)
  • 1641 – Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (b. 1596)
  • 1657 – Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (b. 1592)
  • 1691 – Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)
  • 1696 – Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (b. 1645)
  • 1717 – John Hathorne, American magistrate (b. 1641)
  • 1726 – Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (b. 1670)
  • 1733 – Barton Booth, English actor (b. 1681)
  • 1737 – Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (b. 1702)
  • 1774 – King Louis XV of France (b. 1710)
  • 1787 – William Watson, English physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1792 – John Stevens, American delegate to the Continental Congress
  • 1807 – Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (b. 1725)
  • 1818 – Paul Revere, American patriot (b. 1735)
  • 1829 – Thomas Young, English physician and linguist (b. 1773)
  • 1850 – Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French chemist and physicist (b. 1778)
  • 1863 – Stonewall Jackson, American Confederate general (b. 1824)
  • 1868 – Henry Bennett, American politician (b. 1808)
  • 1889 – Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian satirist (b. 1826)
  • 1897 – Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader (b. 1863)
  • 1904 – Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (b. 1861)
  • 1937 – William Tedmarsh, silent movie actor (b. 1876)
  • 1945 – Richard Glücks, German SS officer (b. 1889)
  • 1950 – Belle da Costa Greene, librarian, bibliographer, archivist (b. 1883)
  • 1955 – Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer (b. 1881)
  • 1955 – John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (b. 1865)
  • 1960 – Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (b. 1899)
  • 1963 – Gene “Big Daddy” Lipscomb, American football player (b. 1931)
  • 1964 – Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (b. 1881)
  • 1967 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian racing driver, (b. 1935)
  • 1968 – Scotty Beckett, American child actor (b. 1929)
  • 1976 – Elias Aslaksen, Leader of Smith’s Friends (b. 1888)
  • 1974 – Hal Mohr, Cinematographer, Husband of Evelyn Venable (b. 1894)
  • 1977 – Joan Crawford, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Peter Weiss, German writer and artist (b. 1916)
  • 1988 – Shen Congwen, Chinese writer (b. 1902)
  • 1989 – Woody Shaw, American jazz musician (b. 1944)
  • 1990 – Walker Percy, American author (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Susan Oliver, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1992 – Sylvia Syms, American jazz singer (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – John Wayne Gacy, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1942)
  • 1999 – Shel Silverstein, American poet and composer (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Dédé Fortin, Quebec singer and songwriter (Les Colocs) (b. 1962)
  • 2000 – Jules Deschênes, Quebec superior court judge (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Deborah Walley, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Lynda Lyon Block, convicted murderer (b. 1948)
  • 2002 – Yves Robert, French actor, screenwriter and director (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Milan Vukcevich, Yugoslavian chemist and chess problem composer (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – David Wayne, American singer (Metal Church) (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – A. M. Rosenthal, American newspaper editor (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Soraya, Colombian-American singer (b. 1969)
  • 2006 – Val Guest, British film director (b. 1911)

May 10 – Holidays:

  • Confederate Memorial Day in North Carolina and South Carolina.
  • Constitution Day in the Federated States of Micronesia.
  • Mother’s Day in much of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Mexico.
  • Saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Alphius
    • Saint Calepodius
    • Saint Cataldus
    • Saint Comgall
    • Blessed Father Damien of Molokai
    • Saints Gordian and Epimachus
    • Saint John of Avila
    • Saint Solange

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On This Day in History May 9

May 9 – Events:

  • 1457 BC – Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC) between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Kadesh. It is the first battle to have been recorded in what is accepted as relatively reliable detail.
  • 328 – Athanasius is elected Patriarch bishop of Alexandria.
  • 1092 – Lincoln Cathedral is consecrated.
  • 1450 – ‘Abd al-Latif (Timurid monarch) assassinated.
  • 1502 – Christopher Columbus leaves Spain for his fourth and final journey to the New World.
  • 1671 – Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal England’s Crown Jewels from the Tower of London.
  • 1726 – Five men arrested during a raid on Mother Clap’s molly house in London are executed at  Tyburn.
  • 1868 – The city of Reno, Nevada, is founded.
  • 1873 – Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds Long Depression .
  • 1874 – The first horse-drawn omnibus made its début in the city of Mumbai, plying on two routes.
  • 1877 – Mihail Kogalniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.
  • 1887 – Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show opens in London.
  • 1901 – Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
  • 1904 – The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine to exceed 100mph.
  • 1914 – J.T. Hearne becomes the first bowler to take 3000 first-class wickets.
  • 1915 – World War I: Second Battle of Artois between German and French forces.
  • 1920 – Polish-Soviet War: The Polish army under General Edward Rydz-Smigly celebrated their capture of Kiev with a victory parade on Khreschatyk.
  • 1926 – Admiral Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett claim to have flown over the North Pole (later discovery of his diary seems to indicate that this did not happen).
  • 1927 – The Australian Parliament first convenes in Canberra.
  • 1936 – Italy formally annexes Ethiopia after taking the capital Addis Ababa on May 5.
  • 1940 – World War II: The German submarine U-9 sinks French coastal submarine Doris near Den  Helder.
  • 1941 – World War II: The German submarine U-110 is captured by the Royal Navy. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later use to break coded German messages.
  • 1942 – World War II: Belgrade becomes the first Axis-conquered city to murder or eliminate its Jewish population, largely with the help of Serbian collaborators.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: German SS murder 588 Jewish residents of the Podolian town of Zinkiv (Khmelnytska oblast, Ukraine). The victims were shot with machine gun in ravine on the order from Gebietskomissar Eggers and Chief of Gendarmerie Busse.
  • 1945 – World War II: The final German surrender to Marshal Georgy Zhukov at Berlin-Karlshorst is signed by Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as the Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.
  • 1945 – World War II: General Alexander Löhr, commander of German Army Group E in Topolšica signed unconditional surrender of German occupying forces in former Yugoslavia; end of World War II in Slovenia.
  • 1945 – World War II: Partisans liberated Ljubljana.
  • 1945 – World War II: Hermann Göring is captured by the United States Army.
  • 1945 – World War II: Vidkun Quisling is arrested in Norway.
  • 1945 – World War II: Red Army enters Prague (capitulation of Nazi occupation troops).
  • 1945 – World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British.
  • 1946 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates and is succeeded by Humbert II.
  • 1949 – Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco.
  • 1950 – Robert Schuman presents his proposal on the creation of an organized Europe, indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. This proposal, known as the “Schuman declaration,” is considered by some people to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union. 
  • 1955 – Cold War: West Germany joins NATO.
  • 1955 – Sam and Friends debuts on a local U.S. television channel, marking the first television appearance of both Jim Henson and what would become Kermit the Frog and the Muppets.
  • 1956 – First ascent of Manaslu, the world’s eighth-highest mountain.
  • 1960 – The U.S. FDA announces it will approve birth control as an additional indication for Searle’s Enovid, making Enovid the world’s first approved oral contraceptive pill.
  • 1961 – Jim Gentile of the Baltimore Orioles becomes the first player in baseball history to hit grand slams in consecutive innings.
  • 1965 – Pianist Vladimir Horowitz gave his first public recital since 1953, at Carnegie Hall.
  • 1965 – Bob Dylan played the first of two sold-out performances at the Royal Albert Hall in London.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 75,000 to 100,000 war protesters demonstrate in front of the White House.
  • 1974 – Watergate Scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opens formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard M. Nixon.
  • 1980 – In Florida, Liberian freighter SS Summit Venture hits the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay sending 35 people (most in a bus) to a watery death as a 1,400-foot section of the bridge collapses.
  • 1980 – In Norco, California, five masked gunman hold up a Security Pacific bank, leading to a violent shoot-out and one of the largest pursuits in California history. Two of the gunman and one police officers was killed while thirty-three police and civilian vehicles were destroyed in the chase.
  • 1980 – The first meeting of Pope John Paul II and the Archbishop of Canterbury takes place in Ghana.
  • 1987 – A Polish LOT Ilyushin IL-62M “Tadeusz Kosciuszko” (SP-LBG). crashes after takeoff in Warsaw, Poland, killing 183 people.
  • 1988 – The new Australian Parliament House opens in Canberra.
  • 1992 – At 5:18 a.m. ADT The Westray Mine in Plymouth, Pictou County, Nova Scotia experiences a methane explosion killing all 26 miners who were working.
  • 1992 – Armenian forces capture Shusha in the Karabakh War, marking a major turning point.
  • 1999 – On Mother’s Day, a bus carrying 43 mostly elderly passengers to a Mississippi casino crashes on Interstate 610 in New Orleans, LA when the driver apparently passes out. Twenty-two passengers die.
  • 2002 – The 38-day stand-off in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem comes to an end when the Palestinians inside agree to have 13 suspected militants among them deported to several different countries.
  • 2002 – In Kaspiysk, Russia, a remote-controlled bomb explodes during a holiday parade killing 43 and injuring at least 130.
  • 2004 – Chechen president Akhmad Kadyrov is killed in a landmine bomb blast under a VIP stage during a World War II memorial victory parade in Grozny, Chechnya.
  • 2004 – The Canadian national team wins the World Ice Hockey Championship in Prague.
  • 2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is selected as the successor of Pope John Paul II.
  • 2006 – 2 miners, Todd Russell and Brant Webb, were freed after 14 days trapped underground in a goldmine at Beaconsfield, Tasmania, Australia.
  • 2006 – Estonia ratifies the European Constitution.
  • 2006 – George Preca was canonized as the first Maltese saint in history

May 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1147 – Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese shogun (d. 1199)
  • 1439 – Pope Pius III (d. 1503)
  • 1741 – Giovanni Paisiello, Italian composer (d. 1816)
  • 1800 – John Brown, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • 1837 – Adam Opel, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1895)
  • 1860 – J. M. Barrie, Scottish author (d. 1937)
  • 1866 – Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Leader of Indian Independence Movement (d. 1915)
  • 1873 – Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1933)
  • 1874 – Howard Carter, British archaeologist (d. 1939)
  • 1882 – George Barker, American painter (d. 1965)
  • 1882 – Henry J. Kaiser, American shipbuilder (d. 1967)
  • 1883 – José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher (d. 1955)
  • 1886 – Francis Biddle, United States Attorney General (d. 1968)
  • 1892 – Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • 1893 – William Moulton Marston, American psychologist, writer (co-creator, Wonder Woman) (d.  1947)
  • 1895 – Richard Barthelmess, American actor (d. 1963)
  • 1895 – Lucian Blaga, Romanian poet, playwright, and philosopher (d. 1961)
  • 1888 – Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector and museum director (d. 1964)
  • 1907 – Baldur von Schirach, Nazi official (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Kathryn Kuhlman, famed evangelist (d. 1976)
  • 1907 – Fred Warngård, Swedish athlete (d. 1950)
  • 1908 – Mary Goldsmith, American ceramist (d. 2007)
  • 1909 – Don Messer, Canadian country musician (d. 1973)
  • 1912 – Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (d. 1963)
  • 1912 – Per Imerslund, “The aryan idol” (d. 1943)
  • 1914 – Carlo Maria Giulini, Italian musician and conductor (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Mike Wallace, American journalist
  • 1918 – Orville L. Freeman, American politician (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Moisis Michail Bourlas, Greek member of the World War II resistance
  • 1919 – Arthur English, English actor and comedian (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – Richard Adams, English author
  • 1920 – William Tenn, American author
  • 1921 – Sophie Scholl, resistance fighter in Nazi Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1921 – Mona Van Duyn, American poet (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Johnny Grant, American radio personality, television producer (d. 2008)
  • 1924 – Bulat Okudzhava, Russian writer and musician (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Manfred Eigen, German biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 1928 – Ralph Goings, American painter
  • 1928 – Pancho Gonzalez, American tennis player (d. 1995)
  • 1928 – Barbara Ann Scott, Canadian figure skater
  • 1930 – Joan Sims, British actress (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Vance Brand, American astronaut
  • 1934 – Alan Bennett, British author
  • 1936 – Albert Finney, British actor
  • 1936 – Glenda Jackson, English actress and politician
  • 1937 – José Rafael Moneo, Spanish architect
  • 1937 – David Prater, American singer (Sam & Dave) (d. 1988)
  • 1939 – Ralph Boston, American athlete
  • 1939 – Ion Tiriac, Romanian tennis player and businessman
  • 1940 – James L. Brooks, American film producer and writer
  • 1942 – John Ashcroft, United States Attorney General
  • 1942 – Tommy Roe, American singer and songwriter
  • 1944 – Richie Furay, American musician (Poco and Buffalo Springfield)
  • 1946 – Candice Bergen, American actress
  • 1946 – Clint Holmes, English-born American singer and songwriter
  • 1948 – Calvin Murphy, Hall of Fame basketball player
  • 1949 – Billy Joel, American musician
  • 1955 – Kevin Peter Hall, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1955 – Anne-Sofie von Otter, Swedish mezzo-soprano
  • 1955 – Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister of Ethiopia
  • 1960 – Tony Gwynn, Hall of Fame baseball player
  • 1961 – John Corbett, American actor
  • 1962 – David Gahan, English singer (Depeche Mode)
  • 1962 – Paul Heaton, English singer/songwriter (Beautiful South)
  • 1963 – Sanja Doležal, Croatian singer (Novi fosili)
  • 1964 – Kevin Saunderson, American music producer and disc jockey
  • 1965 – Ken Nomura, Japanese racing driver
  • 1965 – Janu Tornell, American model and Survivor contestant
  • 1965 – Steve Yzerman, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Marie-José Perec, French athlete
  • 1969 – Amber, Dutch musician
  • 1970 – Doug Christie, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Ghostface Killah, American rapper (Wu-Tang Clan)
  • 1971 – Paul McGuigan, English bassist (Oasis)
  • 1972 – Megumi Odaka, Japanese actress and artist
  • 1972 – Daniela Silivas, Romanian gymnast
  • 1973 – Chu Sang-mi, South Korean actress
  • 1975 – Brian Deegan, Freestyle Motocross innovator.
  • 1975 – Tamia, Canadian singer
  • 1977 – Choi Jeong-yoon, South Korean actress
  • 1977 – Maggie Dixon, Women’s college basketball coach (d. 2006)
  • 1977 – Iñigo Landaluze, Spanish cyclist
  • 1977 – Dan Regan, American trombonist (Reel Big Fish)
  • 1978 – Leandro Damián Cufré, Argentine football player
  • 1978 – Aaron Harang, baseball pitcher
  • 1979 – Rosario Dawson, American actress
  • 1979 – Pierre Bouvier, Canadian musician (Simple Plan)
  • 1979 – Andrew W.K., American musician
  • 1979 – Brandon Webb, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Cho Hyeon Jae, South Korean actor
  • 1980 – Grant Hackett, Australian swimmer
  • 1980 – Angela Nikodinov, American figure skater
  • 1980 – Tony Schmidt, German racing driver
  • 1981 – Tyler Lumsden, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Bill Murphy, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Rachel Boston, American actress
  • 1983 – Tyler Lumsden, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Gilles Müller, Luxembourgian tennis player
  • 1984 – Prince Fielder, American baseball player
  • 1988 – John Ryan Fitzpatrick, NASCAR Canadian Tire Series Driver

May 9 – Deaths:

  • 1315 – Hugh V, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1282)
  • 1446 – Mary of Enghien, Queen of Naples (b. 1368)
  • 1657 – William Bradford, Governor of Plymouth Colony (b. 1590)
  • 1707 – Dieterich Buxtehude, German composer
  • 1745 – Tomaso Antonio Vitali, Italian violinist and composer(b. 1663)
  • 1747 – John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair, Scottish soldier and diplomat (b. 1673)
  • 1760 – Nicolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf, German religious and social reformer (b. 1700)
  • 1789 – Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, French artillery specialist (b. 1715)
  • 1790 – William Clingan, American delegate to the Continental Congress
  • 1791 – Francis Hopkinson, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1737)
  • 1805 – Friedrich Schiller, German poet and historian (b. 1759)
  • 1861 – Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (b. 1805)
  • 1889 – William S. Harney, U.S. general (b. 1800)
  • 1914 – C.W. Post, American food manufacturer (b. 1854)
  • 1915 – François Faber, Luxembourgish cyclist (b. 1887)
  • 1918 – George Cosbuc, Romanian poet (b. 1866)
  • 1931 – Albert Abraham Michelson, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (b. 1866)
  • 1949 – Prince Louis II of Monaco (b. 1870)
  • 1950 – Esteban Terradas i Illa, Catalan mathematician, scientist, and engineer (b. 1883)
  • 1955 – Kate Booth, the oldest daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1858)
  • 1957 – Ezio Pinza, Italian bass (b. 1892)
  • 1965 – Leopold Figl, Austrian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1968 – Mercedes de Acosta, American poet, playwright, costume designer, and socialite (b. 1893)
  • 1968 – Finlay Currie, British actor (b. 1878)
  • 1968 – Marion Lorne, American actress (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (b. 1884)
  • 1970 – Walter Reuther, American labor leader (b. 1907)
  • 1976 – Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian author (b. 1920)
  • 1976 – Ulrike Meinhof, German revolutionist (b. 1934)
  • 1977 – James Jones, American writer (b. 1921)
  • 1978 – Aldo Moro, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1916)
  • 1979 – Cyrus Eaton, Canadian-American businessman and industrialist (b. 1883)
  • 1981 – Ralph Allen, English footballer (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Edmond O’Brien, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Tenzing Norgay, Nepalese sherpa (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Keith Whitley, American country music singer (b. 1955)
  • 1990 – James Chadwick,, Australian train conductor
  • 1993 – Jacques Dextraze, French Canadian military officer (b. 1919)
  • 1994 – Elias Motsoaledi, South African freedom fighter (b. 1924)
  • 1997 – Marco Ferreri, Italian film director (b. 1928)
  • 1998 – Alice Faye, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – James E. Myers, American songwriter (Rock Around the Clock) and producer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Dan Devine, former NCAA and National Football League Head Coach
  • 2003 – Russell B. Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Akhmad Kadyrov, Chechen president (b. 1951)
  • 2004 – Alan King, American comedian (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Nasrat Parsa, Afghani singer (b. 1969)
  • 2007 – Dwight Wilson, second-to-last Canadian WWI veteran (b. 1901)
  • 2007 – Edith Rodriguez, hospital emergency room refused to treat (b. 1964)

May 9 – Holidays:

  • Armenia celebrates Victory Day to simultaneously mark the capture of Shusha in the Karabakh War and the victorious end of World War II.
  • European Union celebrates Europe day, commemorating the Schuman declaration.
  • Jersey, Guernsey – Liberation Day, commemorating the end of the German Occupation of the Channel Islands during World War II.
  • Romania – Independence Day.
  • Roman Empire – Feast of the Lemures.
  • Russia and some other parts of the former Soviet Union – Victory Day as the end of the “Great Patriotic War.”
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Beatus of Lungern
    • Beatus of Vendome
    • Saint Gerontius (d. 501)
    • Saint Pachomius (d. 346)
    • Saint Tudi
    • Saint George Preca (d. 1962)

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On This Day in History May 8

May 8 – Events:

  • 589 – Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo
  • 1450 – Jack Cade’s Rebellion: Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI.
  • 1541 – Hernando de Soto reaches the Mississippi River and names it Río de Espíritu Santo.
  • 1794 – Branded a traitor during the Reign of Terror by revolutionists, French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, who was also a tax collector with the Ferme Générale, was tried, convicted, and guillotined all on one day in Paris.
  • 1821 – Greek War of Independence: The Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia.
  • 1846 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Palo Alto – Zachary Taylor defeats a Mexican force  north of the Rio Grande in the first major battle of the war.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Richmond, Virginia, is named the capital of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1877 – At Gilmore’s Gardens in New York City, the first Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show opens.
  • 1886 – Pharmacist John Styth Pemberton invents a carbonated beverage that would later be named “Coca-Cola.”
  • 1898 – The first games of the Italian Football League are played.
  • 1899 – The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin opens.
  • 1902 – In Martinique, Mount Pelée erupts, destroying the town of Saint-Pierre and killing over 30,000 people. Only a handful of residents survive the blast.
  • 1914 – Paramount Pictures is formed.
  • 1919 – Edward George Honey first proposed the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later resulted in the creation of Remembrance Day.
  • 1933 – Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest of British oppression in India.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of the Coral Sea comes to an end. This is the first time in the   naval history where two enemy fleets fight without visual contact between warring ships.
  • 1942 – World War II: Gunners of the Ceylon Garrison Artillery on Horsburgh Island in the Cocos Islands rebelled in the Cocos Islands Mutiny. Their mutiny was crushed and three of them were executed, the only British Commonwealth soldiers to be executed for mutiny during the Second World War.
  • 1945 – Hundreds of Algerian civilians are killed by French Army soldiers in the Sétif massacre.
  • 1945 – Combat in Europe ends in World War II: VE Day. German forces agree to an unconditional surrender.
  • 1945 – End of the Prague uprising, today still celebrated as national holiday in the Czech Republic
  • 1946 – The Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn.
  • 1965 – Theta Chi Fraternity was established at California State University, Long Beach, Zeta Epsilon Chapter.
  • 1967 – The Philippine province of Davao is split into three: Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental.
  • 1970 – The Hard Hat riot occurs in the Wall Street area of New York City as blue-collar construction workers clash with anti-war demonstrators protesting the Vietnam War.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon announces his order to place mines in major North Vietnamese ports in order to stem the flow of weapons and other goods to that nation.
  • 1973 – A 71-day standoff, between federal authorities and the American Indian Movement members occupying the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, ends with the surrender of the militants.
  • 1982 – Formula One driver Gilles Villeneuve dies in a crash during practice for the 1982 Belgian Grand Prix at Zolder.
  • 1984 – The Soviet Union announces that it will boycott the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1984 – Cpl. Denis Lortie enters the Quebec National Assembly and opens fire, killing three and wounding 13. René Jalbert, sergeant-at-arms of the assembly, succeeds in calming him, for which he will later receive the Cross of Valour.
  • 1987 – The SAS carries out the Loughgall ambush.
  • 1988 – A fire at Illinois Bell’s Hinsdale Central Office triggered an extended 1AESS outage once considered the ‘worst telecommunications disaster in US telephone industry history’ is still the worst to occur on Mother’s Day.
  • 1997 – A China Southern Airlines Boeing 737 crashes on approach into Shenzhen’s Huangtian Airport, killing 35 people.
  • 1999 – Nancy Mace becomes the first female cadet to graduate from The Citadel military college.
  • 2005 – The new Canadian War Museum opens, in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of V-E Day.
  • 2007 – A new Northern Ireland Executive is formed under the leadership of Ian Paisley of the Democratic Unionist Party as First Minister and Martin McGuinness of Sinn Féin as Deputy First Minister.

May 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1326 – Joanna I of Auvergne, queen of France (d. 1360)
  • 1460 – Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (d. 1536)
  • 1521 – Petrus Canisius, Dutch Jesuit (d. 1597)
  • 1587 – Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)
  • 1622 – Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman (d. 1698)
  • 1629 – Niels Juel, Danish admiral (d. 1697)
  • 1632 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German marshal (d. 1706)
  • 1653 – Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars, Marshall of France (d. 1734)
  • 1668 – Alain-René Lesage, French writer (d. 1747)
  • 1670 – Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (d. 1726)
  • 1735 – Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (d. 1811)
  • 1738 – Mikhail Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1809)
  • 1753 – Miguel Hidalgo Mexican revolutionary (d. 1811)
  • 1786 – Jean Vianney, French Catholic priest (d. 1859)
  • 1819 – King Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (b. 1738)
  • 1821 – William Henry Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1885)
  • 1825 – George Bruce Malleson, Indian officer (d. 1898)
  • 1828 – Jean Henri Dunant, Founder of the Red Cross; Nobel laureate (d. 1910)
  • 1828 – Sharbel Makhluf, Lebanese monk (d. 1898)
  • 1829 – Louis Moreau Gottschalk, American musician (d. 1869)
  • 1839 – Adolphe-Basile Routhier, French Canadian lyricist (O Canada) (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – Emil Christian Hansen, Danish physiologist (d. 1909)
  • 1847 – Oscar Hammerstein I, American theater producer and impresario (d. 1919)
  • 1850 – Ross Barnes, baseball player (d. 1915)
  • 1853 – Dan Brouthers, baseball player (d. 1932)
  • 1858 – John Meade Falkner, English novelist (d. 1932)
  • 1859 – Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (d. 1925)
  • 1884 – Harry S. Truman, President of the United States (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Edd Roush, baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1893 – Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster and rugby union player (d. 1963)
  • 1895 – James H. “Dutch” Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Fulton J. Sheen, American bishop (d. 1979)
  • 1895 – Edmund Wilson, American writer (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Arthur Q. Bryan, American voice actor (d. 1959)
  • 1899 – Friedrich Hayek, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1901 – Turkey Stearnes, baseball player (d. 1979)
  • 1902 – Andre Michael Lwoff, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
  • 1903 – Fernandel, French actor (d. 1971)
  • 1904 – John Snagge, British radio personality (d. 1996)
  • 1905 – Red Nichols, American musician (d. 1965)
  • 1906 – Roberto Rossellini, Italian director (d. 1977)
  • 1910 – Andrew E. Svenson, American children’s book author and publisher (d. 1975)
  • 1911 – Robert Johnson, American blues musician (d. 1938)
  • 1913 – Bob Clampett, American animator (d. 1984)
  • 1914 – Romain Gary, Polish writer (d. 1980)
  • 1916 – João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist
  • 1916 – Swami Chinmayananda, Indian spiritualist (d. 1993)
  • 1919 – Lex Barker, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1920 – Saul Bass, American graphic designer (d. 1996)
  • 1920 – Tom of Finland, Finnish fetish artist (d. 1991)
  • 1920 – Sloan Wilson, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Ali Hassan Mwinyi, President of Tanzania
  • 1926 – David Attenborough, British producer
  • 1926 – Don Rickles, American comedian
  • 1927 – Chumy Chúmez, Spanish film director (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Theodore Sorenson, American writer
  • 1929 – Claude Castonguay, Quebec politician
  • 1929 – Miyoshi Umeki, Japanese-born Academy Award-winning actress (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Heather Harper, Irish singer
  • 1930 – Gary Snyder, American poet
  • 1932 – Julieta Campos, Cuban-Mexican writer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Phyllida Law, Scottish actress
  • 1932 – Sonny Liston, American boxer (d. 1970)
  • 1935 – Princess Elisabeth of Denmark, 7th in the Line of succession to the Danish Throne
  • 1935 – Jack Charlton, English footballer
  • 1937 – Carlos Gaviria Díaz, Colombian politician
  • 1937 – Thomas Pynchon, American novelist
  • 1937 – Mike Cuellar, baseball player
  • 1940 – Peter Benchley, American author (d. 2006)
  • 1940 – Ricky Nelson, American singer (d. 1985)
  • 1940 – Irwin Cotler, Canadian politician
  • 1941 – Mahmoud Ahmed, Ethiopian singer
  • 1941 – John Fred, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Bill Lockyer, American politician
  • 1942 – Terry Neill, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1943 – Toni Tennille, American singer
  • 1943 – Paul Samwell-Smith, British bassist (The Yardbirds)
  • 1944 – Gary Glitter, English singer
  • 1945 – Keith Jarrett, American musician
  • 1946 – André Boulerice, Quebec politician
  • 1947 – H. Robert Horvitz, Nobel laureate
  • 1948 – Felicity Lott, English singer
  • 1948 – Steve Braun, baseball player
  • 1948 – Stephen Stohn, Canadian television producer (Degrassi)
  • 1950 – Robert Mugge, American music documentary film maker
  • 1951 – Philip Bailey, American singer (Earth, Wind & Fire)
  • 1951 – Chris Frantz, American musician (Talking Heads)
  • 1953 – Alex Van Halen, Dutch drummer (Van Halen)
  • 1953 – Billy Burnette, American singer and guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1954 – David Keith, American actor
  • 1957 – Bill Cowher, American football coach
  • 1957 – Marie Myriam, French singer
  • 1960 – Franco Baresi, Italian footballer
  • 1960 – Eric Brittingham, American bassist
  • 1961 – Janet McTeer, British actress
  • 1961 – David Winning, Canadian film director
  • 1963 – Terry Christian, British radio presenter
  • 1963 – Sylvain Cossette, Quebec singer and songwriter
  • 1963 – Anthony Field, Australian musician and actor
  • 1963 – Robin Jarvis, British writer
  • 1963 – Izabela Kloc, Polish politician
  • 1964 – Melissa Gilbert, American actress
  • 1964 – Bobby Labonte, American race car driver
  • 1964 – Dave Rowntree, British musician (Blur)
  • 1966 – Claudio Taffarel, Brazilian footballer
  • 1966 – Marta Sánchez, Spanish singer
  • 1968 – Jamie Summers, American porn star
  • 1968 – Johan Pehrson, Swedish politician
  • 1968 – Nathalie Normandeau, Quebec politician
  • 1969 – Akebono Taro, sumo wrestler
  • 1970 – Luis Enrique, Spanish football player
  • 1972 – Darren Hayes, Australian singer
  • 1972 – Ray Whitney, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Hiromu Arakawa, Japanese artist
  • 1974 – Jon Tickle, English entertainer
  • 1974 – Korey Stringer, American football player (d. 2001)
  • 1975 – Enrique Iglesias, Spanish singer
  • 1975 – Jussi Markkanen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Gastón Mazzacane, Argentine racing driver
  • 1976 – Martha Wainwright, Canadian musician and songwriter
  • 1976 – Ian “H” Watkins, pop singer (Steps)
  • 1976 – Jeff Simmons, IRL racing driver
  • 1978 – Jang Woo Hyuk, Korean singer
  • 1978 – Lúcio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978 – Josie Maran, American model
  • 1980 – Michelle McManus, Scottish singer
  • 1980 – Benny Yau, Canadian entertainer
  • 1981 – Andrea Barzagli, Italian footballer
  • 1981 – Björn Dixgård, Swedish guitarist
  • 1981 – Yasuko Tajima, Japanese swimmer
  • 1982 – Adrian Gonzalez, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Matt Willis, British singer
  • 1984 – Nadine Chandrawinata, 2006 Miss Universe Pageant (Indonesia)
  • 1985 – Mashio Miyazaki, Japanese actress
  • 1986 – Marvell Wynne, American soccer player

May 8 – Deaths:

  • 1192 – Duke Ottokar IV of Styria (b. 1163)
  • 1278 – Emperor Duanzong of China (b. 1268)
  • 1319 – King Haakon V of Norway (b. 1270)
  • 1473 – John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (b. 1420)
  • 1538 – Edward Fox, English bishop
  • 1672 – Jean-Armand du Peyrer, Comte de Tréville and French Officer (b. 1598)
  • 1766 – Samuel Chandler, English non-conformist minister (b. 1693)
  • 1773 – Ali Bey Al-Kabir, Mamluk Sultan of Egypt (b. 1728)
  • 1781 – Richard Jago, English poet (b. 1715)
  • 1785 – Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (b. 1719)
  • 1785 – Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter (b. 1701)
  • 1788 – Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian-born physician and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1794 – Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist (executed) (b. 1743)
  • 1819 – Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii
  • 1828 – Mauro Giuliani, Italian composer (b. 1781)
  • 1837 – Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1770)
  • 1842 – Jules Dumont d’Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)
  • 1853 – Jan Roothaan, Dutch priest (b. 1785)
  • 1873 – John Stuart Mill, English philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1880 – Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)
  • 1891 – Helena Blavatsky, Russian-born author (b. 1831)
  • 1903 – Paul Gauguin, French painter (b. 1848)
  • 1936 – Oswald Spengler, German historian and philosopher (b. 1880)
  • 1943 – Mordechaj Anielewicz, Polish Resistance Fighter (b. 1919)
  • 1945 – Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
  • 1947 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American-born department store founder (b. 1858)
  • 1948 – U Saw, Burmese politician (b. 1900)
  • 1950 – Vital Brazil, Brazilian physician (b. 1865)
  • 1952 – William Fox, Austrian-born film producer (b. 1879)
  • 1960 – J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (b. 1904)
  • 1967 – LaVerne Andrews, American singer (The Andrews Sisters) (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Remington Kellogg, American naturalist (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Avery Brundage, President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1887)
  • 1982 – Neil Bogart, American record executive (b. 1943)
  • 1982 – Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian race car driver (b. 1950)
  • 1984 – Lila Bell Wallace, American magazine publisher (Reader’s Digest) (b. 1890)
  • 1984 – Gino Bianco, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1916)
  • 1985 – Theodore Sturgeon, American science fiction writer (b. 1918)
  • 1985 – Dolph Sweet, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1987 – Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (b. 1920)
  • 1988 – Robert A. Heinlein, American science fiction writer (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Luigi Nono, Italian composer (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – Jean Langlais, French composer and pianist (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Avram Davidson, American writer (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – George Peppard, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1995 – Teresa Teng, Asian superstar (b. 1953)
  • 1996 – Beryl Burton, English cyclist (b. 1937)
  • 1996 – Dominguín, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1926)
  • 1996 – Garth Williams, American illustrator (b. 1912)
  • 1998 – Bebe Rebozo, American banker and Watergate figure (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Dirk Bogarde, British actor (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Ed Gilbert, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 1999 – Dana Plato, American actress (b. 1964)
  • 2000 – Guadalupe “Pita” Amor, Mexican poet (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Alexander Chislenko, Russian-American transhumanist (b. 1959)
  • 2000 – Henry Nicols, AIDS activist (b. 1973)
  • 2005 – Nicolás Vuyovich, Argentine racing driver (b. 1981)
  • 2006 – Iain MacMillan, Abbey Road photographer (b. 1938)

May 8-Holidays

  • VE Day
  • Parents’ Day in South Korea
  • Arsenius the Great in the Eastern Orthodox Church
  • Apparition of Saint Michael
  • Saint Desideratus of Soissons (d. 550)
  • Saints Wiro, Plechelmus and Otger

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