On This Day in History June 17

June 17 – Events:

  • 1462 – Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II in The Night Attack, and the latter is forced to retreat from Wallachia.
  • 1497 – Battle of Deptford Bridge – Forces under King Henry VII soundly defeat troops led by Michael An Gof.
  • 1565 – Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru.
  • 1579 – Sir Francis Drake claims a land he calls Nova Albion (modern California) for England.
  • 1631 – Mumtaz Mahal died during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spent more than 20 years to build her tomb, the Taj Mahal.
  • 1773 – Cúcuta, Colombia is founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Bunker Hill
  • 1789 – In France, the Third Estate declares itself the national assembly.
  • 1839 – In the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha III issues the Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established as a result.
  • 1863 – Battle of Aldie in the Gettysburg Campaign of the American Civil War.
  • 1876 – Indian Wars: Battle of the Rosebud – 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse beat back General George Crook’s forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory.
  • 1877 – Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon – The Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.
  • 1885 – The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor.
  • 1898 – The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established.
  • 1901 – The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT.
  • 1930 – U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law.
  • 1932 – Bonus Army: Around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits.
  • 1933 – Union Station Massacre: In Kansas City, Missouri, four FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash were gunned down by gangsters attempting to free Nash.
  • 1939 – Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre.
  • 1940 – World War II: Operation Ariel begins – Allied troops start to evacuate France, following Germany’s takeover of Paris and most of the nation.
  • 1940 – World War II: Sinking of the RMS Lancastria by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France.
  • 1940 – World War II: The British Army’s 11th Hussars assault and take Fort Capuzzo in Libya, Africa from Italian forces.
  • 1940 – The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania fall under the occupation of the Soviet Union.
  • 1944 – Iceland becomes a republic; French troops land on German-held Elba.
  • 1948 – A Douglas DC-6 carrying United Airlines Flight 624 crashes near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, killing all 43 people on board.
  • 1953 – Workers Uprising: In East Germany, the Soviet Union orders a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion.
  • 1961 – The New Democratic Party of Canada is founded with the merger of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and the Canadian Labour Congress.
  • 1963 – The United States Supreme Court ruled 8 to 1 in Abington School District v. Schempp against allowing the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord’s Prayer in public schools.
  • 1972 – Watergate scandal: Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee, in an attempt by some members of the Republican party to illegally wiretap the opposition.
  • 1972 – The Vendome Hotel fire kills 9 Boston fire fighters.
  • 1982 – The body of “God’s Banker”, Roberto Calvi is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London.
  • 1987 – With the death of the last individual, the Dusky Seaside Sparrow becomes extinct.
  • 1991 – Apartheid: The South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act, which had required all racial classification of all South Africans at birth.
  • 1992 – A ‘Joint Understanding’ agreement on arms reduction is signed by U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin (this would be later codified in START II).
  • 1994 – Following a televised low-speed highway chase and a failed attempt at suicide, O.J. Simpson is arrested for the murders of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.

June 17 – Birthdays:

  • 1239 – King Edward I of England (d. 1307)
  • 1603 – Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint (d. 1663)
  • 1682 – King Charles XII of Sweden (d. 1718)
  • 1691 – Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect (d. 1765)
  • 1693 – Johann Georg Walch, German theologian (d. 1775)
  • 1704 – John Kay, English inventor (d. 1780)
  • 1714 – Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (d. 1762)
  • 1714 – César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (d. 1784)
  • 1718 – George Howard, British field marshal (d. 1796)
  • 1742 – William Hooper, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1790)
  • 1808 – Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (d. 1845)
  • 1810 – Ferdinand Freiligrath, German writer (d. 1876)
  • 1811 – Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter (d. 1879)
  • 1818 – Charles Gounod, French composer (d. 1893)
  • 1818 – Sophie of Württemberg, queen of the Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • 1832 – Sir William Crookes, English physicist and chemist (d. 1919)
  • 1839 – Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted for ritualist activities (d. 1931)
  • 1858 – Ebenezer Sumner Draper, 44 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1914)
  • 1861 – Pete Browning, American baseball player (d. 1905)
  • 1861 – Omar Bundy, U.S. army general and soldier (d. 1940
  • 1867 – John Robert Gregg, inventor of shorthand system (d. 1948)
  • 1867 – Henry Lawson, Australian poet (d. 1922)
  • 1880 – Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (d. 1964)
  • 1881 – Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer (d. 1955)
  • 1882 – Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (d. 1971)
  • 1888 – Heinz Guderian, German General (d. 1954)
  • 1898 – M.C. Escher, Dutch artist (d. 1972)
  • 1898 – Carl Hermann, German physicist (d. 1961)
  • 1900 – Martin Bormann, Nazi official (d. 1945)
  • 1902 – Sammy Fain, American popular music composer (d. 1989)
  • 1902 – Alec Hurwood, Australian cricketer (d. 1982)
  • 1903 – Ruth Wakefield, inventor of the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Ralph Bellamy, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Charles Eames, American designer and architect (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Elmer Lee Andersen, Governor of Minnesota (d. 2004)
  • 1909 – Ralph E. Winters, Canadian film editor (d. 2004)
  • 1910 – Red Foley, American musician (d. 1968)
  • 1910 – George Hees, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – John Hersey, American author (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – David “Stringbean” Akeman, American banjo player and actor (d. 1973)
  • 1917 – Atle Selberg, Norwegian mathematician (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Ajahn Chah, Buddhist meditation master (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician (d. 1981)
  • 1920 – François Jacob, French biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1923 – Elroy ‘Crazylegs’ Hirsch, American football player (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Martin Böttcher, German conductor
  • 1929 – Tigran Petrosian, Armenian chess player (d. 1984)
  • 1930 – Brian Statham, English cricketer (d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Harry Browne, American free-market libertarian writer, politician, and investment analyst  (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Christian Ferras, French violinist (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (d. 1970)
  • 1936 – Ken Loach, British film director
  • 1940 – George Akerlof, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian IAEA director, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1943 – Newt Gingrich, American politician
  • 1943 – Barry Manilow, American musician
  • 1945 – Frank Ashmore, American actor
  • 1945 – Tommy Franks, American General
  • 1945 – Ken Livingstone, English politician
  • 1945 – Eddy Merckx, Belgian cyclist
  • 1946 – Peter Rosei, Austrian writer
  • 1947 – Paul Young, English singer and percussionist (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – Christopher Allport, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1948 – Dave Concepción, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1948 – Aurelio López, Mexican baseball player (d. 1992)
  • 1949 – Snakefinger, British-born musician (d. 1987)
  • 1951 – Joe Piscopo, American actor
  • 1952 – Mike Milbury, American ice hockey player, coach and executive
  • 1957 – Phil Chevron, Irish musician (The Pogues, The Radiators From Space)
  • 1957 – Martin Dillon, American opera singer (d. 2005)
  • 1957 – Jon Gries, American actor
  • 1957 – Jack Wouterse, Dutch actor
  • 1958 – Jello Biafra, American musician and activist
  • 1958 – Bobby Farrelly, American film director
  • 1958 – Sam Hamad, Syrian-born Canadian politician
  • 1958 – Derek Lee Ragin, American countertenor
  • 1960 – Thomas Haden Church, American actor
  • 1962 – Michael Monroe, Finnish singer (Hanoi Rocks)
  • 1963 – Greg Kinnear, American actor
  • 1964 – Michael Gross, German swimmer
  • 1964 – Rinaldo Capello, Italian racing driver
  • 1964 – Erin Murphy, American actress
  • 1965 – Dermontti Dawson, American football player
  • 1966 – Jason Patric, American actor
  • 1967 – Eric Stefani, American musician
  • 1968 – Minoru Suzuki, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Paul Tergat, Kenyan athlete
  • 1970 – Jason Hanson, American football player
  • 1970 – Sasha Sokol, Mexican singer and actress
  • 1970 – Will Forte, American writer, actor and comedian
  • 1970 – Stéphane Fiset, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Michael Showalter, American comedian
  • 1971 – Paulina Rubio, Mexican singer
  • 1971 – Mildred Fox, Irish politician
  • 1973 – Krayzie Bone, American rapper (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)
  • 1973 – Leander Paes, Indian tennis player
  • 1973 – Christian Claudio, Puerto Rican Business Consultant
  • 1974 – Evangelia Psarra, Greek archer
  • 1975 – Joshua Leonard, American actor
  • 1975 – Chloe Jones, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1977 – Mark Tauscher, American football player
  • 1977 – Branko Tomovic, Serbian actor
  • 1977 – Roger Manganelli, American bassist (Less Than Jake)
  • 1978 – Kumiko Aso, Japanese actress
  • 1978 – Isabelle Delobel, French European ice dancer
  • 1979 – Nick Rimando, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Kimeru, Japanese singer
  • 1980 – Venus Williams, American tennis player
  • 1981 – Amrita Rao, Indian model and actress
  • 1981 – Kyle Boller, American football quarterback
  • 1981 – Shane Watson, Australian cricket all-rounder
  • 1983 – Lee Ryan, British singer (Blue)
  • 1983 – Kazunari Ninomiya, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1983 – Connie Fisher, English stage actress
  • 1984 – John Gallagher Jr. American stage actor
  • 1985 – Marcos Baghdatis, Cypriot professional tennis player
  • 1985 – Rafael Sóbis, Brazilian footballer

June 17 – Deaths:

  • 1025 – Boleslaw I the Brave, first king of Poland
  • 1091 – Dirk V, Count of Holland (b. 1052)
  • 1285 – Yekuno Amlak, Emperor of Ethiopia and restorer of the Solomonic dynasty
  • 1463 – Princess Catherine of Portugal, writer (b. 1436)
  • 1565 – Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Japanese shogun (b. 1536)
  • 1694 – Philip Cardinal Howard, English Catholic Cardinal (b. 1629)
  • 1696 – John III Sobieski, King of Poland (b. 1629)
  • 1719 – Joseph Addison, English politician and writer (b. 1672)
  • 1734 – Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars, Marshal of France (b. 1653)
  • 1740 – Sir William Wyndham, English politician (b. 1687)
  • 1762 – Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (b. 1674)
  • 1775 – Major John Pitcairn, British marine (killed in battle) (b. 1722)
  • 1797 – Agha Muhammad Khan, Shah of Persia (b. 1742)
  • 1813 – Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician (b. 1726)
  • 1821 – Martín Miguel de Güemes Argentine military leader (b. 1785)
  • 1858 – Rani Lakshmibai, queen of Jhansi in North India, one of the leading figures of the Indian rebellion of 1857 (b. 1828)
  • 1898 – Edward Burne-Jones, English artist (b. 1833)
  • 1904 – Nikolai Ivanovich Bobrikov, Russian politician, Governor-General of Finland (assassinated) (b. 1839)
  • 1939 – Allen Sothoron, American baseball player (b. 1893)
  • 1940 – Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1942 – Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician (b. 1853)
  • 1952 – Jack Parsons, American rocket-fuel pioneer and renegade occultist (b. 1914)
  • 1956 – Paul Rostock, German doctor (b. 1892)
  • 1956 – Bob Sweikert, American racing driver (b. 1926)
  • 1957 – Dorothy Richardson, English writer (b. 1873)
  • 1961 – Jeff Chandler, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1968 – José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1901)
  • 1974 – Pamela Britton, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1979 – Duffy Lewis, baseball player (b. 1888)
  • 1981 – Richard O’Connor, British general (b. 1889)
  • 1981 – Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (b. 1889)
  • 1982 – Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (b. 1920)
  • 1983 – Peter Mennin, American composer and teacher (b. 1923)
  • 1986 – Kate Smith, American singer (God Bless America) (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Dick Howser, American baseball player and manager (b. 1936)
  • 1996 – Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Willie Davenport, American athlete (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Fritz Walter, German footballer (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Gerry McNeil, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Karl Mueller, American bassist (Soul Asylum) (b. 1962)
  • 2005 – Sam Loeb, comic book writer (b. 1988)
  • 2006 – Cláudio Besserman Vianna, aka “Bussunda”, Brazilian comedian (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Gianfranco Ferrè, Italian fashion designer (b. 1944)

June 17 – Holidays:

  • Iceland’s national day, celebrating independence from Denmark in 1944.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Albert Chmielowski
    • Saint Gondulf
    • Saint Hervé patron of the blind
    • Saint Hypatius of Bithynia
    • Saint Manuel
    • Saint Rainier
    • Saint Alena of Dilbeek (d. 640)
    • Saint Botolph, Abbot (d. ca. 680)

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On This Day in History June 16

June 16 – Events:

  • 1487 – Battle of Stoke Field, the last dying breath of the Wars of the Roses.
  • 1586 – Mary Queen of Scots recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir.
  • 1745 – British troops take Cape Breton Island, which is now part of Nova Scotia, Canada.
  • 1745 – Sir William Pepperell captures the French Fortress Louisbourg in Louisbourg, Nova Scotia during the War of the Austrian Succession.
  • 1746 – War of Austrian Succession: Austria and Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza.
  • 1755 – French and Indian War: French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Acadians.
  • 1774 – Formation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
  • 1779 – Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the siege of Gibraltar begins.
  • 1815 – Battle of Ligny and Battle of Quatre Bras, two days before Waterloo.
  • 1836 – Formation of the London Working Men’s Association begins the Chartist Movement.
  • 1846 – The Papal conclave of 1846 concludes. Pope Pius IX is elected pope, beginning the longest reign in the history of the papacy (not counting St. Peter).
  • 1858 – Abraham Lincoln’s House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois.
  • 1858 – Battle of Morar takes place during the Indian Mutiny.
  • 1871 – University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.
  • 1891 – John Abbott becomes Canada’s third prime minister.
  • 1903 – Ford Motor Company incorporates.
  • 1903 – Roald Amundsen commences first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway.
  • 1904 – Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.
  • 1904 – Irish author James Joyce begins a relationship with Nora Barnacle, and subsequently uses the date to set the actions for his novel Ulysses.
  • 1911 – A 772 gram stony meteorite struck earth near Kilbourn, Columbia County, Wisconsin damaging a barn.
  • 1915 – Foundation of the British Women’s Institute
  • 1922 – General election in Irish Free State: large majority to pro-Treaty Sinn Féin.
  • 1924 – Whampoa Military Academy is founded.
  • 1925 – The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the USSR, Artek established.
  • 1930 – Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR.
  • 1940 – World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Premier of Vichy France.
  • 1940 – A Communist government is installed in Lithuania.
  • 1948 – The storming of the cockpit of the Miss Macao passenger seaplane, operated by a subsidiary of the Cathay Pacific Airways, marks the first skyjacking of a commercial plane.
  • 1955 – Pope Pius XII excommunicates Juan Perón.
  • 1961 – Rudolf Nureyev defects at Le Bourget airport in Paris.
  • 1963 – Soviet Space Program: Vostok 6 Mission, Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.
  • 1972 – Red Army Faction member Ulrike Meinhof is captured by police in Langenhagen.
  • 1972 – Largest single-site hydro-electric power project in Canada starts at Churchill Falls, Labrador.
  • 1976 – Soweto uprising: A non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa turns into days of rioting when police open fire on the crowd and kill 566 children.
  • 1977 – Oracle Corporation was incorporated in Redwood Shores, California as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.
  • 1989 – Historic reburial of Imre Nagy, the former Hungarian Prime Minister in Budapest.
  • 1994 – A Chinese operated Tupolev TU-154 crashes 10 minutes after takeoff killing 160.
  • 1997 – Dairat Labguer massacre in Algeria; some 50 people killed.
  • 1999 – Maurice Greene sets a new 100m world record at 9.79 seconds. This is the largest drop in a 100m world record in the history of electronic timing from Donovan Bailey’s 9.84.

June 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1139 – Emperor Konoe of Japan (d. 1155)
  • 1161 – Pope Innocent III (d. 1216)
  • 1332 – Isabella de Coucy, English princess (d. 1382)
  • 1514 – John Cheke, English classical scholar (d. 1557)
  • 1583 – Axel Oxenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1654)
  • 1591 – Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (d. 1655)
  • 1606 – Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (d. 1675)
  • 1612 – Murad IV, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1640)
  • 1613 – John Cleveland, English poet (d. 1658)
  • 1633 – Jean de Thévenot, French traveler and scientist (d. 1667)
  • 1644 – Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)
  • 1713 – Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1786)
  • 1723 – Adam Smith, Scottish philosopher and economist
  • 1738 – Mary Katharine Goddard, American printer and publisher (d. 1816)
  • 1792 – John Linnell, English artist (d. 1882)
  • 1792 – Sir Thomas Mitchell, Australian explorer (d. 1855)
  • 1801 – Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1806 – Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (d. 1885)
  • 1813 – Otto Jahn, German archaeologist (d. 1869)
  • 1820 – Athanase Coquerel, French Protestant preacher (d. 1875)
  • 1826 – Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist and botanist (d. 1897)
  • 1829 – Geronimo, Apache leader (d. 1909)
  • 1836 – Wesley Merritt, American soldier (d. 1910)
  • 1837 – Ernst Laas, German philosopher (d. 1885)
  • 1838 – Cushman Davis, American politician (d. 1900)
  • 1840 – Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)
  • 1858 – King Gustaf V of Sweden (d. 1950)
  • 1874 – Arthur Meighen, ninth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1960)
  • 1880 – Otto Eisenschiml, Austrian-American chemist and historian (d. 1963)
  • 1888 – Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian physicist (d. 1925)
  • 1888 – Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • 1890 – Stan Laurel, British-born actor and comedian (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Norman Kerry, American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Murray Leinster, American author (d. 1976)
  • 1897 – Elaine Hammerstein, American actress (d. 1948)
  • 1897 – Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1902 – Barbara McClintock, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1902 – George Gaylord Simpson, American paleontologist (d. 1984)
  • 1903 – Helen Traubel, American soprano (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Jack Albertson, American actor (d. 1981)
  • 1909 – Archie Fairley Carr, biologist (d. 1987)
  • 1910 – Juan Velasco, President of Peru (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Enoch Powell, British politician (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – John Tukey, American statistician (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Hank Luisetti, American basketball player (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Katherine Graham, American publisher (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; d. 1989)
  • 1917 – Irving Penn, American photographer
  • 1920 – John Howard Griffin, American writer (d. 1980)
  • 1920 – Raymond U. Lemieux, Canadian scientist (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – José López Portillo, President of Mexico (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – Ron Flockhart, Scottish racing driver (d. 1962)
  • 1924 – Faith Domergue, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – Tom Graveney, English cricketer
  • 1927 – Herbert Lichtenfeld, German author and playwright (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – Ramon Bieri, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1930 – Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian/American cinematographer
  • 1934 – Dame Eileen Atkins, English actress
  • 1934 – Roger Neilson, Canadian ice hockey coach (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – William Forsyth Sharpe, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 – Elvira Vinogradova, Russian TV persona
  • 1935 – Jim Dine, American artist
  • 1937 – Erich Segal, American author
  • 1937 – Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Tsar of Bulgaria
  • 1938 – James Bolam, English actor
  • 1938 – Joyce Carol Oates, American novelist
  • 1938 – Torgny Lindgren, Swedish writer
  • 1939 – Billy Crash Craddock, American country singer
  • 1940 – Neil Goldschmidt, Governor of Oregon
  • 1941 – Aldrich Ames, CIA officer and spy for the Soviet Union
  • 1941 – Lamont Dozier, American record company executive
  • 1941 – Mumtaz Hamid Rao, Pakistani journalist
  • 1942 – Giacomo Agostini, Italian motorcyclist
  • 1942 – Eddie Levert, American singer (The O’Jays)
  • 1943 – Joan Van Ark, American actress
  • 1945 – Claire Alexander, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1945 – Lucienne Robillard, Canadian politician
  • 1946 – Derek Sanderson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1948 – Ron LeFlore, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Paulo César, Brazilian footballer
  • 1951 – Roberto Durán, Panamanian boxer
  • 1952 – George Papandreou, junior, Greek politician
  • 1952 – Gino Vannelli, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1953 – Ian Mosley, British drummer (Marillion)
  • 1953 – Valerie Mahaffey, American actress
  • 1955 – Laurie Metcalf, American actress
  • 1958 – Jóhannes Helgason, Icelandic guitarist
  • 1959 – Warrior, American professional wrestler
  • 1960 – Peter Sterling, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1961 – Steve Larmer, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Wally Joyner, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Femi Kuti, Nigerian Afrobeat Musician
  • 1962 – Arnold Vosloo, South African actor
  • 1962 – Anthony Wong Yiu Ming, Hong Kong composer and producer
  • 1963 – Jim Fullington, American professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Adrienne Shelly, American actress, director and screenwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1966 – Jan Železný, Czech athlete
  • 1967 – John Franklin, American actor
  • 1969 – Mark Crossley, Welsh footballer
  • 1970 – Clifton Collins Jr., American actor
  • 1970 – Cobi Jones, American soccer player
  • 1970 – Phil Mickelson, American golfer
  • 1971 – Derek R. Audette, Canadian artist and poet
  • 1971 – Chris Gomez, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Tupac Shakur, aka 2Pac, American rapper (d. 1996)
  • 1972 – John Cho, Korean-American actor
  • 1972 – Simon Khan, English golfer
  • 1972 – Ann Shoket, American magazine editor
  • 1973 – Nikos Machlas, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Edwin Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1977 – Kerry Wood, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Daniel Brühl, German actor
  • 1978 – Dainius Zubrus, Lithuanian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Jasmine Leong, Chinese Malaysian singer
  • 1979 – Lyndsey Marshal, British film/stage/television actress
  • 1980 – Nehir Erdogan, Turkish actress
  • 1980 – Brad Gushue, Canadian curler
  • 1980 – Martin Stranzl, Austrian footballer
  • 1980 – Joey Yung, Hong Kong singer
  • 1980 – Daré Nibombé, Togolese footballer
  • 1981 – Benjamin Becker, German tennis player
  • 1981 – Kevin Bieksa, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Ben Kweller, American singer/songwriter
  • 1982 – May Andersen, Danish supermodel
  • 1982 – Matt Costa, American singer/songwriter
  • 1982 – Missy Peregrym, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Chris Wingert, American soccer player
  • 1983 – Armend Dallku, Albanian footballer
  • 1984 – Steven Whittaker, Scottish Footballer
  • 1984 – Rick Nash, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Urby Emanuelson, Dutch footballer
  • 1986 – Farhad Reza, Bangladeshi Cricketer
  • 1986 – Rodrigo Defendi, Brazilian footballer
  • 1986 – Fernando Muslera, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1987 – Diana DeGarmo, American singer
  • 1987 – Per Ciljan Skjelbred, Norwegian footballer
  • 1988 – Keshia Chante, Canadian singer
  • 1988 – Leeland Dayton Mooring, American musician (Leeland)

June 16 – Deaths:

  • 1216 – Pope Innocent III
  • 1397 – Philip of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (b. 1358)
  • 1468 – Jean Le Fevre, Burgundian chronicler (b. ca. 1395)
  • 1622 – Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1555)
  • 1623 – Christian, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Wolfenbüttel, German Protestant military leader  (b. 1599)
  • 1666 – Richard Fanshawe, English poet, translator, and diplomat (b. 1608)
  • 1671 – Stenka Razin, Cossack rebel leader (executed)
  • 1707 – Marie d’Orleans-Longueville, Duchess de Nemours, sovereign princess of Neuchâtel and writer (b. 1625)
  • 1722 – John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, English general (b. 1650)
  • 1749 – Johann Baptista Ruffini, Italian trader (b. 1672)
  • 1752 – Giulio Alberoni, Spanish cardinal (b. 1664)
  • 1752 – Joseph Butler, English philosopher (b. 1692)
  • 1777 – Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset, French poet and dramatist (b. 1709)
  • 1778 – Konrad Ekhof, German actor (b. 1720)
  • 1779 – Sir Francis Bernard, Governor of New Jersey and Massachusetts (b. 1712)
  • 1804 – Johann Adam Hiller, German composer (b. 1728)
  • 1824 – Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (b. 1739)
  • 1849 – Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette, German theologian (b. 1780)
  • 1850 – William Lawson explorer of New South Wales, Australia (b. 1774)
  • 1855 – John Gorrie, American physician (b. 1803)
  • 1858 – John Snow, English epidemiologist (b. 1813)
  • 1866 – Joseph Méry French poet (b. 1798)
  • 1869 – Charles Sturt, English explorer (b. 1795)
  • 1872 – Norman MacLeod, Scottish clergyman (b. 1812)
  • 1878 – Crawford Long, American physician (b. 1815)
  • 1881 – Sir Josiah Mason, English manufacturer (b. 1795)
  • 1885 – Wilhelm Camphausen, German painter (b. 1818)
  • 1902 – Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (b. 1841)
  • 1925 – Chittaranjan Das, Indian patriot and freedom fighter (b. 1870)
  • 1925 – Emmett Hardy, American musician (b. 1903)
  • 1928 – Dr. Mark Keppel, County Superintendent of Los Angeles County Schools from 1902-1928 (b. 1867)
  • 1929 – Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army (b. 1856)
  • 1930 – Ezra Fitch, Abercrombie & Fitch founder (b. 1866)
  • 1930 – Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American inventor (b. 1860)
  • 1939 – Chick Webb, American jazz drummer and big band leader (b. 1905)
  • 1940 – DuBose Heyward, American writer (b. 1885)
  • 1944 – Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
  • 1952 – Andrew Lawson, Scottish-American geologist, first to map the entire San Andreas Fault (b.  1861)
  • 1953 – Margaret Bondfield, English politician and feminist (b. 1873)
  • 1955 – Ozias Leduc, Quebec painter (b. 1864)
  • 1958 – Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1895)
  • 1959 – George Reeves, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1961 – Marcel Junod, Swiss physician (b. 1904)
  • 1969 – Harold Alexander, British military commander (b. 1891)
  • 1970 – Heino Eller, Estonian composer (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Brian Piccolo, American football player (b. 1943)
  • 1971 – Lord Reith, British broadcast executive (b. 1889)
  • 1977 – Wernher von Braun, German-born rocket scientist (b. 1912)
  • 1979 – Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong, Ghanaian dictator (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Nicholas Ray, American film director (b. 1911)
  • 1981 – Jule Gregory Charney, American meteorologist (b. 1917)
  • 1982 – James Honeyman-Scott, English guitarist and songwriter (The Pretenders) (b. 1956)
  • 1984 – Lew Andreas, American basketball coach (b. 1895)
  • 1986 – Maurice Duruflé, French composer and organist (b. 1902)
  • 1988 – Miguel Piñero, Puerto Rican playwright, actor, and co-founder of the Nuyorican Poets Cafe. (b. 1946)
  • 1990 – Megan Leigh, American porn star (b. 1964)
  • 1993 – Lindsay Hassett, Australian cricketer (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Kristen Pfaff, American bass guitarist (Hole) (b. 1967)
  • 1996 – Mel Allen, American baseball announcer (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – Curt Swan, American comic book artist (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – David Edward Sutch, British musician (b. 1940)
  • 2000 – Empress Kojun of Japan (b. 1903)
  • 2003 – Pierre Bourgault, French Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Georg Henrik von Wright, Finnish-Swedish philosopher (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Enrique Laguerre, Puerto Rican writer (b. 1906)
  • 2006 – Igor Smialowski, Polish actor (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Alireza Shapour Shahbazi, Iranian archaeologist, (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Grand Ayatollah Fazel Lankarani, (b. 1931)

June 16 – Holidays:

  • South Africa – Youth Day.
  • Bloomsday, in honour of Leopold Bloom, the hero of James Joyce’s Ulysses set on 16 June, 1904.
  • Feasts of the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Benno
    • Saint John Regis, patron of medical social workers.
    • Saint Julitta and Saint Quiricus
    • Saint Lutgart of Tongeren (died 1246, patron saint of the Flemish National Movement)

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On This Day in History June 15

June 15 – Events:

  • 763 BC – Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.
  • 923 – Battle of Soissons: King Robert I of France is killed and King Charles the Simple is arrested by the supporters of Duke Rudolph of Burgundy.
  • 1184 – King Magnus V of Norway is killed at the battle of Fimreite.
  • 1215 – King John of England puts his seal to the Magna Carta.
  • 1219 – Dannebrog – oldest national flag in the world – and flag of Denmark. According to legend, fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse (now Tallinn) in Estonia, and turned the Danes’ luck.
  • 1246 – With the death of Duke Frederick II, the Babenberg dynasty ends in Austria.
  • 1389 – Battle of Kosovo: The Ottoman Empire defeats Serbs and Bosnians.
  • 1520 – Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther in papal bull Exsurge Domine.
  • 1580 – Phillip II of Spain declares William the Silent to be an outlaw.
  • 1667 – The first human blood transfusion is administered by Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys.
  • 1752 – Benjamin Franklin proves that lightning is electricity.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: George Washington is appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.
  • 1776 – Delaware Separation Day – Delaware votes to suspend government under the British Crown and separate officially from Pennsylvania.
  • 1785 – Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, co-pilot of the first-ever manned flight (1783), and his companion, Pierre Romain, become the first-ever casualties of an air crash when their hot air balloon explodes during their attempt to cross the English Channel.
  • 1804 – New Hampshire approves the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratifying the document.
  • 1808 – Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain.
  • 1836 – Arkansas is admitted as the 25th U.S. state.
  • 1844 – Charles Goodyear receives a patent for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber.
  • 1846 – The Oregon Treaty establishes the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
  • 1859 – Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the “Northwestern Boundary Dispute” between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Siege of Petersburg begins.
  • 1864 – Arlington National Cemetery is established when 200 acres (0.8 km²) around Arlington Mansion are officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.
  • 1877 – Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy.
  • 1888 – Crown Prince Wilhelm becomes Kaiser Wilhelm II and is the last emperor of the German Empire
  • 1904 – A fire aboard the steamboat General Slocum in New York City’s East River kills 1,000.
  • 1905 – Princess Margaret of Connaught marries Gustav, Crown Prince of Sweden.
  • 1909 – Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa meet at Lord’s and form the Imperial Cricket Conference.
  • 1911 – Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.
  • 1913 – The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes.
  • 1916 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter.
  • 1919 – John Alcock and Arthur Brown complete the first nonstop transatlantic flight at Clifden, County Galway, Ireland.
  • 1920 – Duluth lynchings in Minnesota.
  • 1934 – The U.S.’s Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan: The United States invades Saipan.
  • 1944 – In the Saskatchewan general election, 1944, the CCF, led by Tommy Douglas, is elected and forms the first socialist government of North America.
  • 1945 – The General Dutch Youth League (ANJV) is founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • 1954 – UEFA (Union des Associations Européennes de Football) is formed in Basle, Switzerland.
  • 1955 – The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual “Operation Alert” (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA’s preparations for a nuclear attack.
  • 1962 – Students for a Democratic Society complete the Port Huron Statement.
  • 1978 – King Hussein of Jordan weds American Lisa Halaby, who takes the name Queen Noor.
  • 1984 – Birth of Ugur Samut, German Statesman.
  • 1985 – Rembrandt’s painting Danaë is attacked by a man later judged insane; he threw sulfuric acid on the canvas and cut it twice with his knife.
  • 1991 – Birth of the first federal political party in Canada that supports Quebec nationalism, le Bloc Québécois.
  • 1992 – The United States Supreme Court rules in United States v. Álvarez-Machaín that it is permissible for the USA to forcibly extradite suspects in foreign countries and bring them to the USA for trial, without approval from those other countries.
  • 1994 – Israel and Vatican City establish full diplomatic relations.
  • 1996 – In Manchester, UK, a terrorist bomb injures over 200 people and devastates a large part of the city centre.
  • 2002 – Near earth asteroid 2002 MN missed the Earth by 75,000 miles (120,000 km), about one-third of the distance between the Earth and the Moon

June 15 – Birthdays:

  • 1330 – Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales (d. 1376)
  • 1594 – Nicolas Poussin, French painter (d. 1665)
  • 1623 – Cornelis de Witt, Dutch politician (d. 1672)
  • 1624 – Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (d. 1704)
  • 1640 – Bernard Lamy, French mathematician (d. 1715)
  • 1755 – Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (d. 1809)
  • 1765 – Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (d. 1831)
  • 1767 – Rachel Donelson Jackson, First Lady of the United States (d. 1828)
  • 1789 – Josiah Henson, American slave and settlement founder (d. 1883)
  • 1801 – Benjamin Raymond, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1883)
  • 1805 – William Butler Ogden, first Mayor of Chicago (d. 1877)
  • 1809 – François-Xavier Garneau, French-Canadian poet and historian (d. 1866)
  • 1843 – Edvard Grieg, Norwegian composer (d. 1907)
  • 1875 – Herman Smith-Johannsen, cross-country skier (d. 1987)
  • 1882 – Ion Antonescu, Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1946)
  • 1884 – Harry Langdon, American actor (d. 1944)
  • 1888 – Ramón López Velarde, Mexican poet (d. 1921)
  • 1894 – Nikolai Chebotaryov, Ukrainian mathematician (d. 1947)
  • 1894 – Robert Russell Bennett, American composer and arranger (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • 1900 – Otto Luening, German-American composer (d. 1996)
  • 1902 – Erik Erikson, psychoanalyst (d. 1994)
  • 1906 – Léon Degrelle, Belgian SS officer (d. 1994)
  • 1908 – Sam Giancana, American mafioso (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – David Rose, American songwriter, composer and orchestra leader (d. 1990)
  • 1911 – W.V. Awdry, British children’s writer (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (d. 1984)
  • 1914 – Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist (d. 1999)
  • 1915 – Thomas Huckle Weller, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1916 – Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – John Fenn, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1917 – Lash La Rue, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Michalis Genitsaris, Greek singer and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Alberto Sordi, Italian actor and director (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Errol Garner, American musician (d. 1977)
  • 1922 – John Veale, English composer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Ezer Weizman, 7th President of Israel (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Mac McGarry, game show host
  • 1926 – Shigeru Kayano, Japanese Ainu activist (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Ibn-e-Insha, Pakistani humourist and Urdu poet (d. 1978)
  • 1930 – Marcel Pronovost, professional ice hockey player
  • 1932 – Mario Cuomo, Governor of New York
  • 1933 – Sergio Endrigo, Italian singer (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Mark Jones, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1936 – William Joseph Levada, American Catholic prelate
  • 1937 – Waylon Jennings, American singer (d. 2002)
  • 1938 – Billy Williams, baseball player
  • 1939 – Ward Connerly, American political figure
  • 1939 – Brian Jacques, British author
  • 1941 – Harry Nilsson, American singer and composer (d. 1994)
  • 1942 – John E. McLaughlin, former Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1943 – Xaviera Hollander, Dutch author
  • 1943 – Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark
  • 1943 – Johnny Hallyday, French singer and actor
  • 1943 – Muff Winwood, British songwriter, producer and bassist (Spencer Davis Group)
  • 1944 – Robert Keppel, American criminologist
  • 1945 – Miriam Defensor-Santiago, Philippine senator
  • 1945 – Nicola Pagett, British actress
  • 1946 – Noddy Holder, British singer (Slade)
  • 1946 – Demis Roussos, Greek singer
  • 1947 – John Hoagland, American photographer
  • 1947 – Lee Purcell, American actress
  • 1948 – Mike Holmgren, American football coach
  • 1949 – Dusty Baker, baseball player and manager
  • 1949 – Simon Callow, British actor
  • 1949 – Russell Hitchcock, Member of Air Supply
  • 1949 – Jim Varney, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1950 – Lakshmi Mittal, Indian industrialist
  • 1951 – Steve Walsh, American singer (Kansas)
  • 1952 – Sandra Cassel, American actress
  • 1953 – Rita Lee, American model and Playboy Playmate
  • 1954 – James Belushi, American actor
  • 1954 – Paul Rusesabagina, Rwandan hotel manager
  • 1954 – Beverley Whitfield, Australian swimmer (d. 1996)
  • 1955 – Julie Hagerty, American actress
  • 1956 – Ava Cadell, American actress/sex therapist
  • 1956 – Robin Curtis, American actress
  • 1956 – Polly Draper, American actress
  • 1957 – Seppo Pääkkönen, Finnish actor
  • 1958 – Wade Boggs, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Riccardo Paletti, Italian racing driver (d. 1982)
  • 1959 – Eileen Davidson, American actress
  • 1960 – Michèle Laroque, French actress
  • 1960 – Marieke van Doorn, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1961 – Kai Eckhardt, German musician (Garaj Mahal)
  • 1961 – Dave McAuley, Northern Irish boxer
  • 1961 – Yoshimi Iwasaki, Japanese singer/actress
  • 1962 – Andrea Rost, Hungarian soprano
  • 1963 – Helen Hunt, American actress
  • 1963 – Blanca Portillo, Spanish actress
  • 1963 – Nigel Walker, Welsh athlete and rugby union player
  • 1964 – Courteney Cox, American actress
  • 1964 – Michael Laudrup, Danish footballer
  • 1965 – Annelies Bredael, Belgian rower
  • 1965 – Adam Smith, American politician
  • 1966 – Idalis DeLeon, American actress/singer
  • 1967 – Yuji Ueda, Japanese voice actor
  • 1968 – Oh Dal-su, South Korean actor
  • 1969 – Ice Cube, American rapper
  • 1969 – Oliver Kahn, German footballer
  • 1969 – Cédric Pioline, French tennis player
  • 1969 – Maurice Odumbe, Kenyan cricketer
  • 1970 – Leah Remini, American actress
  • 1970 – Gaëlle Méchaly, French soprano
  • 1971 – Edwin Brienen, Dutch director
  • 1971 – Bif Naked, Canadian musician
  • 1971 – Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1972 – Justin Leonard, American golfer
  • 1972 – Andy Pettitte, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Marcus Hahnemann, American footballer
  • 1972 – Hank Von Helvete, Turbonegro Frontman
  • 1973 – Neil Patrick Harris, American actor
  • 1973 – Tore André Flo, Norwegian footballer
  • 1973 – Pia Miranda, Australian actress
  • 1973 – Greg Vaughan, American actor
  • 1975 – Elizabeth Reaser, American actress
  • 1975 – Rachel Wacholder, American beach volleyballer
  • 1976 – Gary Lightbody, Irish musician (Snow Patrol)
  • 1977 – Nina Liu, Australian actress
  • 1978 – Wilfred Bouma, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Zach Day, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Yulia Nestsiarenka, Belarusian athlete
  • 1979 – Julia Schultz, American model
  • 1980 – Mary Carey, American pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Christopher Castile, American actor
  • 1980 – Almudena Cid, Spanish gymnast
  • 1980 – Cara Zavaleta, American model
  • 1981 – Billy Dean Martin, American musician (Good Charlotte)
  • 1981 – Jeremy Reed, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Abdur Razzak, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1982 – Haley Scarnato, American singer
  • 1983 – Derek Anderson, American football player
  • 1983 – Julia Fischer, German violinist
  • 1984 – Tim Lincecum, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Nadine Coyle, Northern Irish singer (Girls Aloud)
  • 1988 – Miku Ishida, Japanese teen idol

June 15 – Deaths:

  • 923 – Robert I of France (b. c. 865)
  • 991 – Empress Theophanu
  • 1073 – Emperor Go-Sanjo of Japan (b. 1034)
  • 1246 – Duke Frederick II of Austria (b. 1219)
  • 1341 – Andronikos III Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1297)
  • 1381 – John Cavendish, Lord Chief Justice of England
  • 1381 – Wat Tyler, English rebel
  • 1383 – John VI Cantacuzenus, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1389 – Prince Lazar, Serbian Orthodox saint (b. 1329)
  • 1467 – Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1396)
  • 1521 – Tamás Bakócz. Hungarian Catholic cardinal and statesman (b. 1442)
  • 1614 – Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton, English politician (b. 1540)
  • 1679 – Guillaume Courtois, French painter (b. 1628)
  • 1724 – Henry Sacheverell, English churchman and politician (b. 1674)
  • 1750 – Marguerite De Launay, Baronne Staal, French writer (b. 1684)
  • 1768 – James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (b. 1710)
  • 1772 – Louis-Claude Daquin, French composer (b. 1694)
  • 1849 – James Knox Polk, 11th President of the United States (b. 1795)
  • 1858 – Ary Scheffer, Dutch-French painter (b. 1795)
  • 1888 – Emperor Friedrich III of Germany (b. 1831)
  • 1889 – Mihai Eminescu, Romanian poet (b. 1850)
  • 1917 – Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian physicist (b. 1867)
  • 1934 – Alfred Bruneau, French composer (b. 1857)
  • 1941 – Evelyn Underhill, British writer (b. 1875)
  • 1941 – Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist (b. 1873)
  • 1962 – Alfred Cortot, Swiss pianist (b. 1877)
  • 1965 – E. A. Speiser, American Bible scholar (b. 1902
  • 1965 – Steve Cochran, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1968 – Sam Crawford, baseball player (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – Wes Montgomery, American jazz guitarist (b. 1925)
  • 1971 – Wendell Meredith Stanley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1976 – Jimmy Dykes, baseball player and manager (b. 1896)
  • 1983 – Srirangam Srinivasarao, also known as Sri Sri, Telugu poet (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Meredith Willson, American composer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Andy Stanfield, American athlete (b. 1927)
  • 1985 – Robert Stethem, U.S. Navy Seabee diver murdered by terrorists on TWA Flight 847 (b.  1961)
  • 1989 – Victor French, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1989 – Maurice Bellemare, French Canadian politician (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Arthur Lewis, British economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Happy Chandler, American politician and Commissioner of Baseball (b. 1898)
  • 1993 – John Connally, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – James Hunt, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (b. 1947)
  • 1994 – Manos Hadjidakis, Greek composer (b. 1925)
  • 1995 – John Vincent Atanasoff, American computer pioneer (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Ella Fitzgerald, American singer (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Dick Murdoch, professional wrestler (b. 1946)
  • 2002 – Choi Hong Hi, founder of Taekwon-Do (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Hume Cronyn, Canadian actor (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Raymond Devos, French humourist (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Herb Pearson, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1910)
  • 2007 – Claudia Cohen, American gossip columnist and socialite (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Sherri Martel, American professional wrestler and valet (b. 1958)

June 15 – Holidays:

  • Commemoration of Evelyn Underhill (Anglican mystic and poet)
  • Roman Empire – ninth and final day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
  • Flag Day in Denmark
  • Malawi Freedom Day
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Augustine of Hippo’s feast in many Eastern Orthodox Churches
    • Saint Vitus (observed with Sts. Modestus and Crescentia), patron of actors and epileptics
    • Saint Landelin (7th century)
    • Saint Edburga of Winchester (d. 960)
    • Saint Germaine Cousin, (d. 1601), patron of shepherdesses and of victims of child abuse

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On This Day in History June 14

June 14 – Events:

  • 1276 – While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the Song Dynasty court hold the coronation ceremony for the young prince Zhao Shi, making him Emperor Duanzong of Song.
  • 1381 – King Richard II of England meets the leaders of Peasants’ Revolt.
  • 1645 – English Civil War: Battle of Naseby – 12,000 Royalist forces are beaten by 15,000 Parliamentarian soldiers.
  • 1648 – Margaret Jones is hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts colony.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army is established by the Continental Congress, marking the birth of the United States Army.
  • 1777 – Stars and Stripes adopted by Congress as the Flag of the United States.
  • 1789 – Mutiny on the Bounty: Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,000-mile) journey in an open boat.
  • 1789 – Whisky distilled from maize is first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. It is named Bourbon because Rev Craig lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky.
  • 1800 – French Army of First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Marengo in Northern Italy and re-conquers Italy.
  • 1807 – Emperor Napoleon I’s French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Poland, modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast, ending the War of the Fourth Coalition.
  • 1821 – Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, ending the existence of that Sudanese kingdom.
  • 1839 – Henley Royal Regatta: The village of Henley, on the River Thames in Oxfordshire, stages its first Regatta.
  • 1846 – Bear Flag Revolt begins – Anglo settlers in Sonoma, California, start a rebellion against Mexico and proclaim the California Republic.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Second Winchester – A Union garrison is defeated by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Shenandoah Valley town of Winchester, Virginia.
  • 1872 – Trade unions are legalized in Canada.
  • 1900 – Hawaii becomes a United States territory.
  • 1900 – The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
  • 1907 – Norway adopts female suffrage.
  • 1908 – Fourth German Navy Bill is passed authorizing the financing the building of another four major warships.
  • 1919 – John Alcock and Arthur Whitten Brown depart St. John’s, Newfoundland on the first nonstop transatlantic flight.
  • 1934 – James J. Braddock scored one of the most upsetting victories in of his boxing career by beating John “Corn” Griffin – roughly marking the advent of his comeback to success and eventually winning World Heavyweight championship.
  • 1937 – Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) state of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.
  • 1937 – U. S. House of Representatives passes the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act.
  • 1938 – Action Comics issues the first Superman comic.
  • 1940 – World War II: Paris falls under German occupation,  German troops march into Paris, meeting practically no resistance as French and allied forces retreat.
  • 1940 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Naval Expansion Act into law which aims to increase the United States Navy’s tonnage by 11%.
  • 1940 – A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów become the first residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp.
  • 1941 – Soviet mass deportations and murder of Estonians, Lithuanians and Latvians, the June deportation, began.
  • 1942 – Anne Frank begins to keep a diary.
  • 1951 – UNIVAC I is dedicated by U.S. Census Bureau.
  • 1952 – The keel is laid for the nuclear submarine USS Nautilus.
  • 1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law that places the words “under God” to the United States’ Pledge of Allegiance.
  • 1955 – Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1959 – A group of Dominican exiles with leftist tendencies which departed from Cuba landed in the Dominican Republic with the intent of deposing Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina’s dicatorial regime. Save for four of them, all were killed and/or executed by Trujillo’s army. This feat would be the inspiration for a clandestine group that would seek to continue undermining Trujillo’s power and would be called “Movimiento Catorce de Junio” (14th of June Movement).
  • 1962 – Anna Slesers becomes the first victim of Albert DeSalvo, better known as the Boston Strangler.
  • 1962 – The European Space Research Organisation is established in Paris – later becoming the European Space Agency.
  • 1962 – New Mexico Supreme Court in the case of Montoya v. Bolack, 70 N.M. 196, prohibited state and local governments from denying Indians the right to vote because they lived on a reservation.
  • 1966 – The Vatican announces the abolition of the index librorum prohibitum (index of prohibited books), which was originally instituted in 1557.
  • 1967 – Mariner program: Mariner 5 is launched toward Venus.
  • 1976 – The trial begins at Oxford Crown Court of Donald Neilson, the killer known as the Black Panther.
  • 1982 – Falklands War ends: Argentine forces in the capital Stanley unconditionally surrender to British forces.
  • 1985 – TWA Flight 847 is hijacked by Hezbollah shortly after take-off from Athens, Greece.
  • 2001 – China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan form the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
  • 2004 – The Workers Party of Bangladesh is split, as Khandaker Ali Abbas leaves to form a new party.

June 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1444 – Nilakantha Somayaji, Indian mathematician (d. 1544)
  • 1479 – Giglio Gregorio Giraldi, Italian poet (d. 1552)
  • 1529 – Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria (d. 1595)
  • 1726 – James Hutton, Scottish geologist (d. 1797)
  • 1736 – Charles Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist (d. 1806)
  • 1796 – Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician (d. 1866)
  • 1801 – Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (d. 1868)
  • 1811 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (d. 1896)
  • 1812 – Fernando Wood, New York City mayor (d. 1881)
  • 1819 – Henry J. Gardner, 23rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • 1820 – John Bartlett, publisher of Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations (d. 1905)
  • 1832 – Nikolaus Otto, German engineer (d. 1891)
  • 1855 – Robert La Follette, U.S. Senator (d. 1925)
  • 1856 – Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (d. 1922)
  • 1864 – Alois Alzheimer, German physician (d. 1915)
  • 1868 – Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist and physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1943)
  • 1870 – Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (d. 1932)
  • 1871 – Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (d. 1946)
  • 1877 – Jane Bathori, French mezzo-soprano (d. 1970)
  • 1890 – May Allison, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1893 – Siggie Nordstrom, Swedish singer (The Nordstrom Sisters) (d. 1980)
  • 1894 – Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (d. 1924)
  • 1895 – Jack Adams, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and general manager (d. 1968)
  • 1899 – Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1903 – Alonzo Church, American mathematican and logician (d. 1995)
  • 1905 – Steve Broidy, American motion picture executive (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Margaret Bourke-White, American photojournalist (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Nicolas Bentley, British writer and illustrator (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Burl Ives, American musician (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Rudolf Kempe, German conductor (d. 1976)
  • 1913 – Joe Morris, C.C., LL.D., Canadian trade unionist (d.1996)
  • 1916 – Dorothy McGuire, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – Atle Selberg, Norwegian mathematician
  • 1919 – Sam Wanamaker, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Gene Barry, American actor
  • 1922 – Kevin Roche, Irish architect
  • 1925 – Pierre Salinger, John F. Kennedy’s Press Secretary (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Hermann Kant, German author
  • 1926 – Don Newcombe, baseball player
  • 1928 – Che Guevara, Argentine-born revolutionary (d. 1967)
  • 1929 – Cy Coleman, American composer (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Junior Walker, Saxophonist and singer (Jr. Walker & the All Stars)
  • 1931 – Marla Gibbs, American actress
  • 1932 – Joe Arpaio, sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona
  • 1933 – Jerzy Kosinski, Polish author (d. 1999)
  • 1933 – Vladislav Rastorotsky, Soviet gymnastics coach
  • 1936 – Renaldo “Obie” Benson, singer (The Four Tops) (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Irmelin Sandman Lilius, Finnish actor
  • 1937 – Jørgen Leth, Danish film director
  • 1939 – John F. MacArthur, American evangelist
  • 1939 – Steny Hoyer, U.S. Congressman
  • 1943 – Harold Wheeler, American composer
  • 1944 – Laurie Colwin, American author (d. 1992)
  • 1945 – Rod Argent, English musician (The Zombies)
  • 1946 – Donald Trump, American businessman and entrepreneur
  • 1947 – Barry Melton, American guitarist (Country Joe and the Fish)
  • 1949 – Jimmy Lea, British musician (Slade)
  • 1949 – Harry Turtledove, American author
  • 1949 – Alan White, British drummer (Yes)
  • 1950 – Rowan Williams, 104th Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1951 – Paul Boateng, British politician
  • 1952 – Pat Summitt, American basketball coach
  • 1953 – Janet Mackey, New Zealand politician
  • 1954 – Will Patton, American actor
  • 1955 – Michael D. Duvall, California State Assemblyman
  • 1955 – Paul O’Grady, British comedian and television presenter
  • 1956 – King Diamond, Danish singer (King Diamond, Mercyful Fate)
  • 1958 – Eric Heiden, American speed skater
  • 1960 – Mike Laga, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Boy George, British singer (Culture Club)
  • 1961 – Sam Perkins, American basketball player
  • 1964 – Peter Gilliver, English lexicographer
  • 1966 – Traylor Howard, American actress
  • 1967 – Kelly Nash, American radio personality
  • 1968 – Yasmine Bleeth, American actress
  • 1968 – Faizon Love, American actor
  • 1969 – Steffi Graf, German tennis player
  • 1969 – Éric Desjardins, French-Canadian hockey player
  • 1969 – Kyle Hebert, American voice actor
  • 1969 – MC Ren, American rapper
  • 1969 – Michael Gerber, American parody author
  • 1971 – Bruce Bowen, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Ramon Vega, former Swiss footballer
  • 1972 – Matthias Ettrich, German computer scientist (KDE)
  • 1972 – Shaun Keaveny, British radio DJ
  • 1973 – Ceca Raznatovic, Serbian singer
  • 1974 – Jang Jin-young, South Korean actress
  • 1975 – Ryuji Miki, Japanese racing driver
  • 1975 – Chris Onstad, American cartoonist
  • 1976 – Alan Carr, British Stand-up comedian, Television presenter
  • 1976 – Massimo Oddo, Italian football player
  • 1977 – Chris McAlister, American football player
  • 1977 – Massimiliano Neri, Italian Supermodel
  • 1978 – Steve Bégin, French-Canadian hockey player
  • 1978 – Diablo Cody, American screenwriter
  • 1978 – Annia Hatch, Cuban-American gymnast
  • 1981 – Chauncey Leopardi, American actor
  • 1981 – Lonneke Engel, Dutch model
  • 1982 – Lang Lang, Chinese pianist
  • 1982 – Jamie Green, British racing driver
  • 1983 – John Stocco, American football player
  • 1983 – Louis Garrel, French actor
  • 1984 – Siobhán Donaghy, British singer (ex-Sugababes)
  • 1984 – Lorenzo Booker, American football player
  • 1984 – Jonathan Broxton, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Andrew Bonner, Scotish football player
  • 1988 – Adrian Aldrete, Mexican footballer
  • 1989 – Courtney Halverson, American actress
  • 1992 – Daryl Sabara, American actor

June 14 – Deaths:

  • 1161 – Emperor Qinzong of China (b. 1100)
  • 1381 – Simon Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1497 – Giovanni Borgia, Duke of Borgia (assassinated)
  • 1544 – Antoine, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1489)
  • 1548 – Carpentras, French composer
  • 1594 – Orlande de Lassus, Flemish composer
  • 1662 – Henry Vane the Younger, British Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1613)
  • 1674 – Marin le Roy de Gomberville, French writer (b. 1600)
  • 1703 – Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (b. 1625)
  • 1794 – Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland (b. 1718)
  • 1800 – Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, French military leader (killed in battle) (b. August 17, 1768)
  • 1800 – Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (assassinated) (b. 1753)
  • 1801 – Benedict Arnold, American general (b. 1741)
  • 1825 – Pierre Charles L’Enfant, French architect (b. 1754)
  • 1837 – Giacomo Leopardi, Italian writer (b. 1798)
  • 1883 – Edward FitzGerald, English poet (b. 1809)
  • 1886 – Alexandr Ostrovsky, Russian dramatist (b. 1823)
  • 1908 – Frederick Arthur Stanley, Governor general of Canada (b. 1841)
  • 1916 – João Simões Lopes Neto, Brazilian writer (b. 1865)
  • 1920 – Max Weber, German sociologist (b. 1864)
  • 1926 – Mary Cassatt, American artist (b. 1843)
  • 1927 – Ottavio Bottecchia, Italian cyclist (b. 1894)
  • 1927 – Jerome K. Jerome, British author (b. 1859)
  • 1928 – Emmeline Pankhurst, British feminist (b. 1857)
  • 1932 – Dorimène Roy Desjardins, Canadian business pioneer
  • 1936 – G. K. Chesterton, English author (b. 1874)
  • 1936 – Hans Poelzig, German architect (b. 1869)
  • 1946 – John Logie Baird, Scottish television pioneer (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Eddie Eagan, American sportsman (b. 1897)
  • 1968 – Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian writer, Nobel Laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – Robert Middleton, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine writer (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Alan Jay Lerner, American composer (b. 1918)
  • 1990 – Erna Berger, German soprano (b. 1900)
  • 1991 – Dame Peggy Ashcroft, British actress (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Henry Mancini, American composer (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Rory Gallagher, Irish guitarist (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Roger Zelazny, American author (b. 1937)
  • 1997 – Tesslynn O’Cull, child abuse victim (b. 1995)
  • 1997 – Richard Jaeckel, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Bernie Faloney, professional football player (b. 1932)
  • 2000 – Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – June Jordan, American writer and teacher (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide (b. 1900)
  • 2004 – Eamonn McGirr, Irish-born singer and entertainer
  • 2005 – Carlo Maria Giulini, Italian conductor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Mimi Parent, Canadian painter (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Ruth Graham, wife of evangelist Billy Graham (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Kurt Waldheim, Austrian United Nations Secretary-General and Federal President of Austria (b. 1918)

June 14 – Holidays:

  • Liberation Day (Falkland Islands)
  • Flag Day (United States)
  • Roman Empire – eighth day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta

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On This Day in History June 13

June 13 – Events:

  • 1525 – Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy doctrine decreed by the Roman Catholic Church on priests and nuns.
  • 1625 – King Charles I is married to the French princess Henrietta Maria de Bourbon
  • 1774 – Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain’s North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army.
  • 1798 – Mission San Luis Rey de Francia is founded.
  • 1805 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: Scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River.
  • 1871 – In Labrador, a hurricane kills 300 people.
  • 1881 – The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack.
  • 1886 – A fire devastates much of Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • 1886 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria is found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich at 11:30 PM.
  • 1893 – Grover Cleveland undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove large, cancerous portion of his jaw; operation not revealed to US public until 1917, nine years after the president’s death.
  • 1898 – Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.
  • 1917 – deadliest German air raid on London during WWI carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
  • 1927 – A ticker-tape parade is held for aviator Charles Lindbergh down 5th Avenue in New York City.
  • 1934 – Adolf Hitler and Mussolini meet in Venice, Italy; Mussolini later describes the German dictator as “a silly little monkey.”
  • 1935 – In one of the biggest upsets in championship boxing, the 10 to 1 underdog James J. Braddock defeated Max Baer in Long Island City, New York, and became the heavyweight champion of the world.
  • 1942 – The United States opens its Office of War Information.
  • 1944 – World War II: Germany launches a counter attack on Carentan.
  • 1944 – World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets.
  • 1952 – Catalina affair, a Swedish Douglas DC-3 was shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 fighter.
  • 1953 – Hungarian Prime Minister Mátyás Rákosi is replaced by Imre Nagy
  • 1955 – Mir Mine, the first diamond mine of the USSR, is discovered.
  • 1956 – Real Madrid win the inaugural European Champion Clubs’ Cup final, defeating Stade de Reims 4-3 at the Parc des Princes, Paris.
  • 1966 – The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.
  • 1967 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
  • 1970 – “The Long and Winding Road” becomes the Beatles’ last Number 1 song.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: The New York Times begins to publish the Pentagon Papers.
  • 1977 – Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before.
  • 1978 – Israeli Defense Forces withdraw from Lebanon.
  • 1981 – At the Trooping the Colour ceremony in London, a teenager, Marcus Sarjeant, fires six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1982 – Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia upon the death of his brother, Khalid.
  • 1983 – Pioneer 10 becomes the first manmade object to leave the solar system.
  • 1988 – Matt Turner is Born. Celebrations Begin
  • 1994 – A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.
  • 1995 – French president Jacques Chirac announces the resumption of nuclear tests in French Polynesia.
  • 1996 – The Montana Freemen surrender after an 81-day standoff with FBI agents.
  • 1997 – A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to the death penalty for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2000 – President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea meets Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang.
  • 2000 – Italy pardons Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who tried to kill Pope John Paul II in 1981.
  • 2002 – The United States of America withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

June 13 – Birthdays:

  • 823 – Charles the Bald, Holy Roman Emperor and King of the West Franks (d. 877)
  • 1649 – Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (d. 1706)
  • 1752 – Fanny Burney, English novelist and diarist (d. 1840)
  • 1763 – José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva, Brazilian statesman (d. 1838)
  • 1773 – Thomas Young, English scientist (d. 1829)
  • 1775 – Antoni Radziwill, Polish politician (d. 1833)
  • 1786 – Winfield Scott, U.S. general (d. 1866)
  • 1822 – Carl Schmidt, German chemist (d. 1884)
  • 1831 – James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (d. 1879)
  • 1864 – Rudolf Kjellén, Swedish political scientist (d. 1922)
  • 1864 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (d. 1939)
  • 1863 – Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, English fashion designer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 – William Butler Yeats, Irish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Jules Bordet, Belgian immunologist and microbiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1876 – William Sealey Gosset, English chemist, statistician (d. 1937)
  • 1884 – Gerald Gardner, British occultist (d. 1964)
  • 1884 – Etienne Gilson, French philosopher (d. 1978)
  • 1887 – Bruno Frank, German author (d. 1945)
  • 1888 – Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet (d. 1935)
  • 1892 – Basil Rathbone, English actor (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – Dorothy L. Sayers, English author (d. 1957)
  • 1894 – Dr. Leo Kanner, Austrian-American physician (d. 1981)
  • 1894 – Jacques Henri Lartigue, French photographer (d. 1986)
  • 1897 – Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Carlos Chávez, Mexican composer (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Tage Erlander, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Harold ‘Red’ Grange, American football player (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Bruno de Finetti, Italian mathematician (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Mary Whitehouse, British campaigner (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Galician writer (d. 1999)
  • 1910 – Mary Wickes, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Luis Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1911 – Erwin Müller, German-born physicist (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (d. 1943)
  • 1913 – Etienne Leroux, major Afrikaans author.
  • 1915 – Don Budge, American tennis player (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Teddy Turner, comedian (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Ben Johnson, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Helmut Lent, German night fighter pilot (d. 1944
  • 1924 – Percy Rodriguez, Canadian actor (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Paul Lynde, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1928 – John Forbes Nash, American mathematician, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Alan Civil, English French horn player (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – Ryszard Kuklinski, Polish colonel (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Irvin D. Yalom , psychotherapist,Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry at Stanford University
  • 1933 – Tom King, British politician
  • 1933 – Erich Ribbeck, German football soccer trainer
  • 1934 – Lady Annabel Goldsmith, English socialite
  • 1935 – Christo, Bulgarian artist
  • 1935 – Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebonnt, French artist
  • 1935 – Samak Sundaravej, Thai Prime Minister
  • 1939 – Tom Cheek, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Bobby Freeman, American soul singer
  • 1941 – Esther Ofarim, Israeli singer
  • 1941 – Marcel Lachemann, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Malcolm McDowell, English actor
  • 1944 – Ban Ki-moon, the current U.N. Secretary General
  • 1945 – Whitley Strieber, American author
  • 1947 – A. G. Lafley, American executive director
  • 1948 – Garnet Bailey, Canadian ice hockey player and executive (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Dennis Locorriere, American singer and guitarist (Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show)
  • 1950 – Michael Stark, Australian actor
  • 1950 – Gerd Zewe, German footballer
  • 1951 – Richard Thomas, American actor
  • 1951 – Stellan Skarsgård, Swedish actor
  • 1952 – Tony Bruno, American talkshow host
  • 1953 – Tim Allen, American comedian and actor
  • 1954 – Andrzej Lepper, Polish politician
  • 1955 – Alan Hansen, Scottish football pundit
  • 1959 – Steve Georganas, Australian politician
  • 1959 – Lance Kinsey, Canadian actor
  • 1961 – Anders Järryd, Swedish tennis player
  • 1962 – Ally Sheedy, American actress
  • 1962 – Glenn Michibata, Canadian professional tennis player
  • 1963 – Bettina Bunge, German tennis player
  • 1963 – Paul De Lisle, American musician (Smash Mouth)
  • 1964 – Kathy Burke, English actress
  • 1964 – Christian Wilhelm Berger, Romanian composer
  • 1965 – Lukas Ligeti, Austrian composer and drummer
  • 1965 – Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca
  • 1966 – Grigori Perelman, Russian mathematician
  • 1966 – Naoki Hattori, Japanese racing driver
  • 1968 – David Gray, British musician
  • 1968 – Denise Pearson, British singer (Five Star)
  • 1968 – Fabio Baldato, Italyan cyclist
  • 1969 – Svetlana Krivelyova, Russian athlete
  • 1969 – Søren Nystrøm Rasted (d.2002)
  • 1970 – Chris Cairns, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1970 – Rivers Cuomo, American musician (Weezer)
  • 1970 – Mikael Ljungberg, Swedish wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1972 – Natalie MacMaster, Canadian musician
  • 1973 – Sam Adams, American football player
  • 1973 – Mattias Hellberg, Swedish musician (The Hellacopters)
  • 1973 – Ville Laihiala, Finnish musician (Sentenced, Poisonblack)
  • 1973 – Kasia Kowalska, Polish pop rock singer
  • 1974 – Selma Björnsdóttir, Icelandic singer
  • 1974 – Steve-O, American television personality
  • 1974 – Brande Roderick, American actress
  • 1974 – Takahiro Sakurai, Japanese voice actor
  • 1974 – Valeri Bure, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Ante Covic, Australian footballer
  • 1975 – Johannes Grenzfurthner, Austrian artist, writer, curator and director
  • 1975 – Riccardo Scimeca, English footballer
  • 1976 – Kym Marsh, English singer, actress, & T.V. presenter
  • 1976 – Jason ‘J’ Brown, English Singer
  • 1977 – Alaura Eden, American porn actress
  • 1978 – Ethan Embry, American actor
  • 1978 – Mathis Künzler, Swiss actor
  • 1978 – Jason Michael Carroll, Country musician
  • 1978 – Mikako Ichikawa, Japanese actress and model
  • 1979 – Nila Håkedal, Norwegian beach volleyball player
  • 1980 – Darius Vassell, English footballer
  • 1980 – Florent Malouda, French footballer
  • 1980 – Markus Winkelhock, German racing driver
  • 1980 – Sarah Connor, German singer
  • 1981 – Chris Evans, American actor
  • 1981 – David Madden, 4th-ranked Jeopardy! champion of all-time
  • 1982 – Kenenisa Bekele, Ethiopian athlete
  • 1983 – Matt Allison, British racing driver
  • 1983 – Jason Spezza Canadian Hockey Player
  • 1984 – Nery Castillo, Mexican-Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985 – Raz-B, American singer (B2K)
  • 1985 – Danny Syvret, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Kat Dennings, American actress
  • 1986 – Ashley Olsen, American actress
  • 1986 – Mary-Kate Olsen, American actress

June 13 – Deaths:

  • 1036 – Ali az-Zahir, caliph (b. 1005)
  • 1231 – Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint (b. 1195)
  • 1256 – Tankei, Japanese sculptor (b. 1173)
  • 1636 – George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
  • 1645 – Miyamoto Musashi, Japanese swordsman
  • 1665 – Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer, Dutch admiral (b. 1604)
  • 1760 – Antoine Court, French Huguenot minister (b. 1696)
  • 1784 – Henry Middleton, American president of the Continental Congress (b. 1717)
  • 1881 – Josef Skoda, Czech physician (b. 1805)
  • 1886 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria (b. 1845)
  • 1898 – Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1840)
  • 1918 – Tsar Mikhail Alexandrovitch Romanov (b. 1878)
  • 1931 – Shibasaburo Kitasato, Japanese physician (b. 1851)
  • 1943 – Koco Racin, Macedonian poet (b. 1908)
  • 1951 – Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
  • 1958 – Edwin Keppel Bennett, British writer (b. 1887)
  • 1965 – Martin Buber, Austrian philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1965 – David Drummond, Australian politician (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Clyde McPhatter, American musician (b. 1932)
  • 1972 – Georg von Békésy, Hungarian biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-born German World War II spy (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Dündar Taser, Turkish nationalist (b. 1925)
  • 1977 – Matthew Garber, British child actor (Mary Poppins) (b. 1956)
  • 1979 – Darla Hood, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 1980 – Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (b. 1942)
  • 1982 – King Khalid of Saudi Arabia (b. 1912)
  • 1982 – Peter Maivia, wrestler (b. 1935)
  • 1982 – Riccardo Paletti, Formula One driver (b. 1958)
  • 1986 – Benny Goodman, American musician (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Geraldine Page, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 1989 – Fran Allison, American, early television personality (Kukla, Fran and Ollie) (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Deke Slayton, astronaut (b. 1924)
  • 1993 – Gérard Côté, French Canadian runner (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Birger Ruud, Norwegian athlete (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – John Hope, American meteorologist (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Malik Meraj Khalid, Former caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Dick Durrance, American skier (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Ralph Wiley, American journalist and writer (b. 1952)
  • 2005 – Jonathan Adams, English actor (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Álvaro Cunhal, Portuguese politician and writer (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – David Diamond, American composer (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Lane Smith, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2006 – Charles Haughey, Taoiseach (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Walid Eido, Lebanese MP (b. 1942)

June 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – Quinquatrus Minusculae held in honor of Minerva
  • Roman Empire – seventh day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Anthony of Padua, priest, confessor, Doctor of the Church
    • Saint Agricius, bishop of Sens, confessor
    • Saint Leo III, pope
    • Saint Onuphrius, hermit, confessor
    • Blessed Thomas Woodhouse, martyr

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On This Day in History June 12

June 12-Events

  • 1381 – Peasants’ Revolt: In England rebels arrive at Blackheath.
  • 1418 – An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians.
  • 1429 – Hundred Years’ War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau.
  • 1560 – Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
  • 1653 – First Anglo-Dutch War: Battle of the Gabbard – lasted until June 13.
  • 1665 – England installs a municipal government in New York City. This was the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam.
  • 1758 – French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg – James Wolfe’s attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
  • 1775 – American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offered a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
  • 1830 – Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers landed 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
  • 1860 – The State Bank of the Russian Empire established.
  • 1864 – American Civil War Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor – Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
  • 1889 – 88 are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland.
  • 1896 – J.T. Hearne sets a cricket record for the earliest date of taking 100 first-class wickets.
  • 1898 – Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines’ independence from Spain.
  • 1899 – New Richmond Tornado: 8th deadliest tornado in U.S. history – killing 117 and injuring around 200 people.
  • 1902 – Australia: Women in the four Australian States without female suffrage achieved the right to vote in Commonwealth elections under Section 3 of the Commonwealth Franchise Act for a Uniform Federal Franchise.
  • 1903 – Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
  • 1922 – In Windsor Castle, King George V receives the colors of the six Irish regiments that are to be disbanded – the Royal Irish Regiment, the Connaught Rangers, the South Irish Horse, the Prince of Wales’s Leinster Regiment, the Royal Munster Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers.
  • 1931 – Charlie Parker equals cricket record for the earliest date to reach 100 wickets. Tich Freeman reaches 100 wickets a day later.
  • 1935 – Chaco War ends: A truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay, fighting since 1932.
  • 1939 – Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures’ Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.
  • 1940 – World War II: 13,000 British and French troops surrender to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: Future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
  • 1943 – Holocaust: German Nazis liquidate Jewish Ghetto in Berezhany, western Ukraine. On Saturday morning, 1,180 Jews of Berezhany were led to face death at city’s old Jewish graveyard, where they had been shot into a mass grave.
  • 1963 – Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is shot dead in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
  • 1964 – Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
  • 1967 – The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
  • 1967 – Venera program: Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet’s atmosphere and successfully return data).
  • 1978 – David Berkowitz, the “Son of Sam” killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings.
  • 1979 – Bryan Allen flies the Gossamer Albatross, man powered, across the English Channel.
  • 1987 – The Central African Republic’s former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
  • 1987 – Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall at Brandenburg Gate.
  • 1990 – Russia Day – The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.
  • 1991 – Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of their republic.
  • 1993 – Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola elected President of Nigeria in record turnout for Nigerian elections.
  • 1994 – Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in a civil suit.
  • 1994 – German districts Röbel and Waren are merged to form Müritz
  • 1996 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the Internet.
  • 1998 – The Philippines celebrates its centennial year of Independence from Spain.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins – NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 2004 – A 1.3 kg chondrite type meteorite strikes a house in Ellerslie, New Zealand causing serious damage but no injuries.

June 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1107 – Emperor Gaozong of China (d. 1187)
  • 1519 – Cosimo I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1574)
  • 1577 – Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (d. 1643)
  • 1659 – Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Japanese samurai (d. 1719)
  • 1775 – Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (d. 1851)
  • 1777 – Robert Clark, American politician (d. 1837)
  • 1802 – Harriet Martineau, controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist (d. 1876)
  • 1806 – John A. Roebling, German-America civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (d. 1869)
  • 1812 – Edmond Hébert, French geologist (d. 1890)
  • 1819 – Charles Kingsley, English writer (d. 1875)
  • 1827 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (d. 1901)
  • 1861 – William Attewell, English cricketer (d. 1927)
  • 1875 – Sam De Grasse, Canadian actor (d. 1953)
  • 1888 – Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician (d. 1920)
  • 1890 – Egon Schiele, Austrian painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
  • 1892 – Djuna Barnes, American author (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Fritz Albert Lipmann, American biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Hendrik Elias, Belgian politician (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – Emmett Hardy, American musician (d. 1925)
  • 1905 – Ray Barbuti, American athlete (d. 1988)
  • 1906 – Sandro Penna, Italian poet (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Alphonse Ouimet, Canadian TV pioneer and president of the CBC (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Marina Semenova, Russian ballerina
  • 1908 – Otto Skorzeny, Famous WWII German SS commando (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Bill Naughton, English playwright (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Jameel Jalibi, Pakistani scholar, writer, and Urdu linguist
  • 1913 – Jean Victor Allard, Canadian army general (d. 1996)
  • 1915 – Christopher Mayhew, British politician (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – David Rockefeller, American banker
  • 1916 – Irwin Allen, American film producer (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Samuel Z. Arkoff, American film producer (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Uta Hagen, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Dave Berg, American cartoonist (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Peter Jones, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Jim Siedow, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Christopher Derrick, British writer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – James Houston, Canadian artist (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Monty Westmore, American make-up artist (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States
  • 1926 – Jackie Pallo, English professional wrestler (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Vic Damone, American singer
  • 1928 – Richard M. Sherman, American songwriter
  • 1929 – Brigid Brophy, British writer
  • 1929 – Anne Frank, German-born Dutch Jewish diarist and Holocaust victim (d. 1945)
  • 1930 – Donald Byrne, American chess player (d. 1976)
  • 1930 – Jim Nabors, American actor
  • 1932 – Rona Jaffe, American novelist
  • 1932 – Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian athlete (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Eddie Adams, American photographer, won Pulitzer Prize (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – John A. Alonzo, American cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Vladimir Arnold, Russian mathematician
  • 1938 – Tom Oliver, Australian actor
  • 1939 – Frank McCloskey, American politician (d. 2003)
  • 1941 – Marv Albert, American sportscaster
  • 1941 – Chick Corea, American musician
  • 1941 – Roy Harper, English musician
  • 1941 – Lyman Ward, Canadian/American actor
  • 1942 – Bert Sakmann, German physiologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Len Barry, American singer and musicien (The Dovells)
  • 1945 – Pat Jennings, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1946 – Harry Glasper, English writer
  • 1946 – Michel Bergeron, NHL head coach
  • 1948 – Hans Binder, Austrian racing driver
  • 1949 – Marc Tardif, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1949 – John Wetton, English musician (Asia)
  • 1951 – Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – Bun E. Carlos, American musician (Cheap Trick)
  • 1951 – Brad Delp, American singer (Boston) (d. 2007)
  • 1952 – Pete Farndon, English musician (The Pretenders) (d. 1983)
  • 1952 – Spencer Abraham, Secretary of Energy under George W. Bush
  • 1953 – Allan Weiner, American radio station owner
  • 1956 – Terry Alderman, Australian cricketer
  • 1956 – Rob Collins, English musician (The Charlatans) (d. 1996)
  • 1957 – Timothy Busfield, American actor
  • 1957 – Javed Miandad, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1958 – Rebecca Holden, American actress and singer
  • 1959 – John Linnell, American musician (They Might Be Giants)
  • 1959 – Scott Thompson, Canadian comedian (Kids in the Hall)
  • 1961 – Jim Goad, American author
  • 1962 – Paul Clark, English musician (The Bolshoi)
  • 1963 – Warwick Capper, Australian rules footballer
  • 1963 – Jerry Lynn, American professional wrestler
  • 1963 – Johnny Weiss, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Paula Marshall, American actress
  • 1965 – Filip Topol, Czech musician and writer
  • 1965 – Vicky Vette, Norwegian-born adult film actress
  • 1967 – Frances O’Connor, Australian actress
  • 1968 – Scott Aldred, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Bobby Sheehan, American musician (Blues Traveler) (d. 1999)
  • 1969 – Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian guitarist (Omen, Bikini) (d. 2007)
  • 1969 – Mathieu Schneider, American ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Mark Henry, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Ryan Klesko, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Bounty Killer, Jamaican deejay
  • 1973 – Takis Fyssas, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Darryl White, Australian rules footballer
  • 1974 – Hideki Matsui, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974 – Jason Mewes, American actor
  • 1974 – Kerry Kittles, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Thomas Sørensen, Danish footballer
  • 1976 – Antawn Jamison, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Kenny Wayne Shepherd, American blues-rock guitarist
  • 1977 – Wade Redden, Canadian Ice Hockey Player
  • 1979 – Dallas Clark, American football player
  • 1979 – Wil Horneff, American actor
  • 1980 – Larry Foote, American football player
  • 1980 – Marco Bortolami, Italian rugby union player
  • 1981 – Adriana Lima, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1982 – Ben Blackwell, American musician
  • 1982 – Jason David, American football player
  • 1983 – Josh Dies, American author and musician (Showbread)
  • 1983 – Bryan Habana, South African rugby player
  • 1983 – Christine Sinclair, Canadian soccer player
  • 1985 – Blake Ross, American software developer
  • 1985 – Tasha-Ray Evin, Canadian musician (Lillix)
  • 1985 – Kendra Wilkinson, American Playboy bunny/Playmate
  • 1985 – Chris Young, American musician
  • 1992 – Allie DiMeco, American actress

June 12 – Deaths:

  • 816 – Pope Leo III
  • 918 – Ethelfleda, Lady of the Mercians
  • 1020 – Lyfing, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1418 – Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac, Constable of France (b. 1360)
  • 1435 – John FitzAlan, 14th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1408)
  • 1560 – Imagawa Yoshimoto, Japanese daimyo (b. 1519)
  • 1560 – Ii Naomori, Japanese warrior (b. 1506)
  • 1565 – Adrianus Turnebus, French classical scholar (b. 1512)
  • 1567 – Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1490)
  • 1647 – Thomas Farnaby, English grammarian
  • 1675 – Duke Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (b. 1634)
  • 1734 – James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, French military commander (b. 1670)
  • 1758 – Augustus William, Prince of Prussia (b. 1722)
  • 1772 – Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer (b. 1724)
  • 1778 – Philip Livingston, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1716)
  • 1816 – Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
  • 1818 – Egwale Seyon, Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1904 – Camille de Renesse, Belgian Count (b. 1836)
  • 1912 – Frédéric Passy, French economist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1822)
  • 1917 – Teresa Carreño, Venezuelan pianist (b. 1853)
  • 1937 – Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1893)
  • 1957 – Jimmy Dorsey, American musician (b. 1904)
  • 1962 – John Ireland, English composer (b. 1879)
  • 1963 – Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist (b. 1925)
  • 1966 – Hermann Scherchen, German conductor (b. 1891)
  • 1969 – Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Milburn Stone, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Billy Butlin, Founder of the brand of holiday venues known as Butlins (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Masayoshi Ohira, Prime minister of Japan (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1982 – Sgt Ian McKay VC, British soldier (Falklands War) (b. 1953)
  • 1983 – Norma Shearer, Canadian actress (b. 1902)
  • 1989 – Lou Monte, American singer (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Ronald Goldman, American actor and model (b. 1969)
  • 1994 – Nicole Brown Simpson, American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson (b. 1959)
  • 1994 – Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Lubavitcher Rebbe (b. 1902)
  • 1994 – Christopher Collins, American actor and comedian (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Bulat Okudzhava, Russian writer and musician (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – P.L.Deshpande, Marathi Writer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Bill Blass, American fashion designer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Gregory Peck, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Scott Young. Canadian sports novelist and educationist (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – György Ligeti, Hungarian composer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Don Herbert aka “Mr. Wizard,” American television host (b. 1917)

June 12 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – sixth day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
  • Philippines – Araw ng Kalayaan (Independence Day) 1898
  • Russian Federation – Russia Day (Independence Day) 1990
  • United Kingdom – Trooping the Colour (Military celebration of the monarch’s official birthday held in London on the second Saturday of June)
  • Brazil – Dia dos Namorados (Lover’s Day; similar to St. Valentine’s)

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On This Day in History June 11

June 11 – Events:

  • 1184 BC – Trojan War: Troy was sacked and burned, according to the calculations of Eratosthenes.
  • 631 – Emperor Taizong of Tang, the Emperor of China, sent envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk in order to persuade the release of enslaved Chinese prisoners who were captured during the transition from Sui to Tang from the northern frontier; this embassy succeeded in freeing 80,000 Chinese men and women who were then returned to China.
  • 758 – Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks arrive simultaneously at Chang’an, the Tang Chinese capital, in order to offer tribute to the imperial court. The Arabs and Turks bicker and fight over diplomatic prominence at the gate, in order to present tribute before the other. A settlement was reached when both were allowed to enter at the same time, but through two different gates to the palace.
  • 1429 – Hundred Years’ War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau.
  • 1509 – Marriage of King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon.
  • 1594 – Philip II recognized the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paved way to the creation of the Principalía [i.e., elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines].
  • 1774 – Jews in Algiers escape the attacks of the Spanish army.
  • 1776 – Continental Congress appoints Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston to a committee to draft a declaration of independence.
  • 1788 – Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.
  • 1805 – A fire consumed large portions of Detroit in the Michigan Territory.
  • 1825 – The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
  • 1837 – The Broad Street Riot occurred in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.
  • 1866 – The Allahabad High Court (then Agra High Court) is established in India.
  • 1892 – The Limelight Department, one of the world’s first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships start to sail for Cuba.
  • 1901 – New Zealand annexes the Cook Islands.
  • 1907 – George Dennett, aided by Gilbert Jessop, dismisses Northamptonshire for 12 runs, the lowest total in first-class cricket.
  • 1917 – King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
  • 1935 – Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey.
  • 1936 – International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England.
  • 1937 – Great Purge: The Soviet Union executes eight army leaders under Joseph Stalin.
  • 1938 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts.
  • 1938 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Nationalist government created the 1938 Yellow River flood to halt the Japanese forces. 500,000 to 900,000 civilians are killed.
  • 1940 – World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy.
  • 1940 – World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta.
  • 1942 – World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
  • 1955 – Eighty-three are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
  • 1962 – Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin become the only prisoners to successfully escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island.
  • 1963 – American Civil Rights Movement: Alabama Governor George Wallace stands at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students from attending that school.
  • 1963 – Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.
  • 1964 – World War II veteran Walter Seifert runs amok in an elementary school in Cologne, Germany, killing at least eight children and two teachers and seriously injuring several more with a home-made flamethrower and a lance.
  • 1967 – Mexico becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1970 – After being appointed on May 15, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington officially receive their ranks as U.S. Army Generals, becoming the first females to do so.
  • 1972 – Eltham Well Hall rail crash, caused by an intoxicated train driver, kills six people and injures 126.
  • 1998 – Compaq Computer pays $9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation in then largest high-tech acquisition.
  • 2001 – Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2002 – Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.
  • 2004 – Cassini-Huygens makes its closest flyby of Phoebe.
  • 2004 – Ronald Reagan’s funeral held at Washington National Cathedral.
  • 2005 – G8 finance ministers agree to cancel the debt owed by 18 of the poorest countries.

June 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1403 – John IV, Duke of Brabant (d. 1427)
  • 1456 – Anne Neville, wife of Richard III of England (d. 1485)
  • 1540 – Barnabe Googe, English poet (d. 1594)
  • 1572 – Ben Jonson, English dramatist (d. 1637)
  • 1588 – George Wither, English writer (d. 1667)
  • 1672 – Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian priest and composer (d. 1749)
  • 1696 – Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (d. 1758)
  • 1704 – Carlos Seixas, Portuguese composer (d. 1742)
  • 1713 – Edward Capell, English critic (d. 1781)
  • 1723 – Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (d. 1788)
  • 1741 – Joseph Warren, American doctor and soldier (d. 1775)
  • 1776 – John Constable, English painter (d. 1837)
  • 1815 – Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer (d. 1879)
  • 1842 – Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)
  • 1846 – William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (d. 1920)
  • 1847 – Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist and feminist (d. 1929)
  • 1864 – Richard Strauss, German composer and conductor (d. 1949)
  • 1867 – Charles Fabry, French physicist (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
  • 1877 – Renee Vivien, English-born poet (d. 1909)
  • 1879 – Roger Bresnahan, baseball player (d. 1944)
  • 1879 – Max Schreck, German actor (d. 1936)
  • 1880 – Jeannette Rankin, American politician, feminist, and pacifist (d. 1973)
  • 1888 – Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1894 – Dai Vernon (David Frederick Wingfield Verner), Canadian magician, The Professor (d. 1992)
  • 1895 – Nikolai Bulganin, Soviet politician (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Ernie Nevers, American football player (d. 1976)
  • 1910 – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer and inventor (d. 1997)
  • 1910 – Carmine Coppola, American composer, director and songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Vince Lombardi, American football coach (d. 1970)
  • 1913 – Risë Stevens, American operatic soprano
  • 1914 – Gerald Mohr, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Richard Todd, British actor
  • 1920 – Hazel Scott, West Indian-born singer (d. 1981)
  • 1920 – Irving Howe, American literary and social critic (d. 1993)
  • 1922 – John Bromfield, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Michael Cacoyannis, Greek Cypriot film maker
  • 1924 – Ed Farhat, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – William Styron, American author (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Carlisle Floyd, American composer
  • 1928 – Fabiola de Mora y Aragón, Queen of the Belgians
  • 1930 – Charles B. Rangel, American politician
  • 1931 – Audrey Schuh, American soprano
  • 1932 – Athol Fugard, South African playwright
  • 1933 – Gene Wilder, American actor
  • 1934 – Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
  • 1936 – Jud Strunk, American musician and comedian (d. 1981)
  • 1936 – Chad Everett, American actor
  • 1937 – Robin Warren, Australian pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
  • 1937 – Johnny Brown, American comic
  • 1939 – Sir Jackie Stewart, Scottish race car driver, three-time F1 world champion and former F1 team principal
  • 1939 – Bernard Purdie, American session drummer
  • 1939 – Christina Crawford, American actress and writer
  • 1940 – Joey Dee, American musician (Joey Dee and the Starliters)
  • 1945 – Adrienne Barbeau, American actress
  • 1947 – Laloo Prasad Yadav, Indian politician
  • 1947 – Henry Cisneros, American politician, former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • 1947 – Richard Palmer-James, British lyricist and guitarist (King Crimson and Supertramp)
  • 1947 – Bob Evans, British racing driver
  • 1948 – Dave Cash, Major league baseball player
  • 1949 – Frank Beard, American drummer (ZZ Top)
  • 1949 – Tom Pryce, British racing driver (d. 1977)
  • 1949 – Benjamin Vasserman, Estonian graphic artist
  • 1950 – Lynsey De Paul, British singer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Graham Russell, British guitarist and vocalist (Air Supply)
  • 1951 – Yasumasa Morimura, Japanese appropriation artist
  • 1951 – Mark D. Siljander, former Republican U.S. Representative from the state of Michigan
  • 1952 – Donnie Van Zant, American rock musician
  • 1953 – Peter Bergman, American actor
  • 1955 – Yuriy Sedykh, Soviet hammer thrower
  • 1956 – Joe Montana. American football player
  • 1957 – Jamaaladeen Tacuma, American musician
  • 1959 – Hugh Laurie, English actor and comedian
  • 1961 – Caroline Quentin, English actress
  • 1961 – María Barranco, Spanish actress
  • 1962 – Erika Salumäe, Estonian cyclist, Olympian
  • 1963 – Bruce Kimball, American diver
  • 1964 – Jean Alesi, French Formula One driver
  • 1965 – Joey Santiago, Filipino guitarist (Pixies)
  • 1968 – Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein
  • 1969 – Peter Dinklage, American actor
  • 1969 – Steven Drozd, American drummer
  • 1969 – Bryan Fogarty, professional ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1969 – Matt McGrath, American actor
  • 1970 – Chris Rice, singer/songwriter
  • 1973 – José Manuel Abundis, Mexican football (soccer) forward
  • 1974 – David Starie, British boxer
  • 1975 – Choi Ji Woo, South Korean actress and model
  • 1975 – Thomas Bimis, Greek diver
  • 1975 – Anastasia Blue, American former pornographic actress
  • 1976 – Tai Anderson, American musician (bass player for Third Day)
  • 1977 – Geoff Ogilvy, Australian golfer
  • 1977 – Ryan Dunn, American actor
  • 1978 – Joshua Jackson, Canadian actor
  • 1978 – Ujjwala Raut, Indian supermodel
  • 1979 – Amy Taylor, Australian football (soccer) player, television presenter and model
  • 1980 – Yhency Brazoban, Dominican born baseball player
  • 1981 – Emiliano Moretti, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Diana Taurasi, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Eldar Rønning, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1982 – Johnny Candido, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Joey Graham, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Steven Graham, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Diana Taurasi, American basketball player
  • 1983 – José Reyes, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Chuck Hayes, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Vagner Love, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Anja Rubik, Polish supermodel
  • 1985 – Chris Trousdale, American pop singer and dancer
  • 1986 – Shia LaBeouf, American actor
  • 1987 – TiA, Japanese R&B singer
  • 1988 – Yui Aragaki, Japanese actress and model
  • 1994 – Ivana Baquero, Spanish actress

June 11 – Deaths:

  • 1183 – Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (b. 1155)
  • 1216 – Henry of Flanders, Emperor of the Latin Empire
  • 1488 – King James III of Scotland
  • 1557 – King John III of Portugal (b. 1502)
  • 1695 – André Félibien, French architect (b. 1619)
  • 1712 – Louis Joseph, duc de Vendôme, Marshal of France (b. 1654)
  • 1727 – King George I of Great Britain (b. 1660)
  • 1796 – Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and politician (b. 1720)
  • 1847 – John Franklin, English sea captain and explorer (b. 1786)
  • 1852 – Karl Briullov, Russian painter (b. 1799)
  • 1858 – Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman (b. 1773)
  • 1879 – Prince Willem of the Netherlands, disgraced heir apparent to the Dutch throne (b. 1840)
  • 1882 – Louis Maigret, Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1804)
  • 1903 – Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b. 1837)
  • 1903 – Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia (b. 1876)
  • 1911 – James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (b. 1815)
  • 1924 – Théodore Dubois, French composer and teacher (b. 1837)
  • 1927 – William Attewell, English cricketer (b. 1861)
  • 1934 – Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1936 – Robert E. Howard, American author (b. 1906)
  • 1937 – R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer (b. 1895)
  • 1941 – Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (b. 1850) 
  • 1965 – José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883) 
  • 1970 – Frank Laubach, Christian missionary (b. 1884)
  • 1970 – William ‘Billy Batts’ Devino, American crime figure (b. 1921)
  • 1974 – Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (b. 1883)
  • 1976 – Jim Konstanty, American baseball player (b. 1917)
  • 1979 – John Wayne (born Marion Morrison), American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (b. 1922)
  • 1985 – Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (b. 1954)
  • 1985 – Sapfo Notara, Greek actress (b. 1907)
  • 1986 – Chesley Bonestell, American-born engineer, architect, and artist (b. 1888)
  • 1991 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Ray Sharkey, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 1996 – Brigitte Helm, German actress (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Catherine Cookson, British novelist (b. 1906)
  • 1999 – DeForest Kelley, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (by execution; b. 1968)
  • 2001 – Amalia Mendoza, Mexican singer (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – David Brinkley, American television reporter (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Xenophon Zolotas, Greek politician (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Vasco Gonçalves, Portuguese general (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Bruce Shand, father of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Michael Bartosh, computer expert and author (b. 1977)
  • 2006 – Neroli Fairhall, New Zealand archer (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Imre Friedmann, American scientist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Mala Powers, American film actress (b. 1931)

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