On This Day in History January 25

January 25 – Events:

  • 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.
  • 1327 – Edward III becomes King of England.
  • 1494 – Alfonso II becomes King of Naples.
  • 1533 – Henry VIII of England secretly marries his second wife Anne Boleyn.
  • 1554 – Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.
  • 1573 – Battle of Mikatagahara, in Japan; Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.
  • 1755 – Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.
  • 1787 – American Daniel Shays leads rebellion to seize Federal arsenal to protest debtor’s prisons.
  • 1791 – The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.
  • 1792 – The London Corresponding Society is founded.
  • 1858 – The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria’s daughter, Victoria, and Friedrich of Prussia.
  • 1879 – The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.
  • 1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
  • 1890 – Nellie Bly completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.
  • 1909 – Richard Strauss’ opera Elektra receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.
  • 1915 – Alexander Graham Bell inaugurates U.S. transcontinental telephone service.
  • 1917 – The Danish West Indies is sold to the United States for $25 million.
  • 1919 – The League of Nations is founded.
  • 1924 – The 1924 Winter Olympics open in Chamonix, France (in the French Alps), inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games.
  • 1937 – The Guiding Light airs on radio for the first time. Also went to television making this show the longest running broadcast program in United States radio and television history.
  • 1941 – Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
  • 1942 – World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.
  • 1945 – World War II: Battle of the Bulge ends. 
  • 1946 – The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.
  • 1949 – At the Hollywood Athletic Club the first Emmy Awards are presented.
  • 1949 – The first Israeli election — David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.
  • 1955 – Soviet Union ends state of war with Germany.
  • 1959 – Pope John XXIII proclaims upcoming Second Vatican Council.
  • 1960 – The National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the Payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.
  • 1961 – In Washington, D.C. John F. Kennedy delivers the first live presidential television news conference.
  • 1971 – Charles Manson and three female “Family” members are found guilty of the 1969 Tate-LaBianca murders.
  • 1971 – Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda’s president.
  • 1971 – Himachal Pradesh becomes the 18th Indian state.
  • 1981 – Jiang Qing, the widow of Mao Zedong, is sentenced to death.
  • 1981 – 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US.
  • 1981 – Super Bowl XV-Oakland Raiders-27, Philadelphia Eagles-10.
  • 1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia.
  • 1985 – “We are the World” is recorded.
  • 1986 – The National Resistance Movement topple the government of Tito Okello in Uganda.
  • 1987 – NY Giants defeat Denver Broncos, 39-20, to win Super Bowl XXI.
  • 1990 – The Burns’ Day storm hits northwestern Europe.
  • 1990 – Honduras becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1990 – Avianca Flight 52 crashes, killing 73 passengers.
  • 1993 – Five people were shot outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia resulting in two murders.
  • 1994 – The Clementine space probe launches.
  • 1995 – The Norwegian Rocket Incident: Russia almost launches a nuclear attack after it mistakes Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, for a US Trident missile.
  • 1998 – During a historic visit to Cuba Pope John Paul II demands the release of political prisoners and political reforms while condemning US attempts to isolate the country.
  • 1998 – Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) suicide attack on Sri Lanka’s Temple of the Tooth, killing 8 people injuring 25 others.
  • 1999 – A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hits western Colombia killing at least 1,000.
  • 2001 – A 50-year-old Douglas DC-3 crashes near Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela killing 24.
  • 2002 – Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software (“Phase II”) aka Magnus Manske Day.
  • 2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.
  • 2005 – A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi in India kills at least 258.
  • 2006 – Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-
  • BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.

January 25 – Birthdays:

  • 750 – Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1477 – Anna, Duchess of Brittany, wife of Charles VIII of France (d. 1514)
  • 1509 – Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal (d. 1580)
  • 1615 – Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (d. 1660)
  • 1627 – Robert Boyle, Irish chemist (d. 1691)
  • 1634 – Gaspar Fagel, Dutch statesman (d. 1688)
  • 1640 – William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and statesman (d. 1707)
  • 1688 – Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw (d. 1713)
  • 1736 – Joseph Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician (d. 1813)
  • 1741 – Benedict Arnold, American general notorious for treason (d. 1801)
  • 1739 – Charles François Dumouriez, French general (d. 1823)
  • 1759 – Robert Burns, Scottish poet (d. 1796)
  • 1794 – François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)
  • 1796 – William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (d. 1852)
  • 1825 – George Pickett, American Confederate General (d. 1875)
  • 1841 – Jackie Fisher, British First Sea Lord (d. 1920)
  • 1858 – Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)
  • 1860 – Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States (d. 1936)
  • 1864 – Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (d. 1934)
  • 1874 – W. Somerset Maugham, English writer (d. 1965)
  • 1878 – Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-born television pioneer (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Virginia Woolf, English writer (d. 1941)
  • 1885 – Kitahara Hakushu, Japanese poets and children’s writers (d. 1942)
  • 1886 – Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (d. 1954)
  • 1899 – Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian politician (d. 1972)
  • 1900 – Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian-American geneticist and biologist (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Martin De Alzaga, Argentine racing driver (d. 1982)
  • 1905 – Maurice Roy, French Canadian Roman Catholic cardinal, archbishop of Quebec (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Witold Lutoslawski, Polish composer (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Luis Marden, American photojournalist (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Frank “Pop” Ivy, American and Canadian football coach (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist Nobel Laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Ernie Harwell, American baseball sportscaster
  • 1919 – Edwin Newman, American journalist and writer
  • 1923 – Rusty Draper, American country and pop singer (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as “Sybil”) (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – Lou Groza, American football player (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Speedy West, Country Hall of Fame steel guitar player (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Giorgos Zampetas, Greek musician and songwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Antonio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian musician (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Eduard Shevardnadze, President of Georgia
  • 1928 – Jérôme Choquette, Quebec lawyer and politician
  • 1929 – Benny Golson, American jazz musician
  • 1930 – Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist (d. 1944)
  • 1931 – Dean Jones, American actor
  • 1933 – Corazon Aquino, President of the Philippines
  • 1935 – António Ramalho Eanes, 17 President of Portugal
  • 1936 – Diana Hyland, American actress (d. 1977)
  • 1937 – Ange-Félix Patassé, President of the Central African Republic
  • 1937 – Judith Ann Mayotte, American humanitarian, author.
  • 1938 – Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author (d. 1998)
  • 1938 – Leiji Matsumoto, sJapanese creator of anime.
  • 1938 – Etta James, American singer
  • 1938 – Vladimir Vysotsky, Russian poet (d. 1980)
  • 1939 – Gabriel Romanus, Swedish politician
  • 1941 – Buddy Baker, American race car driver
  • 1941 – Gregory Sierra, American actor
  • 1942 – Carl Eller, American football player
  • 1942 – Eusébio, Portuguese footballer
  • 1943 – Tobe Hooper, American film director
  • 1944 – Anita Pallenberg, Italian model
  • 1945 – Leigh Taylor-Young, American actress
  • 1947 – Tostão, Brazilian footballer
  • 1947 – Ángel Nieto, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1948 – Ros Kelly, Australian politician
  • 1949 – John Cooper Clarke, English punk-poet
  • 1949 – Paul Nurse, English biochemist, Nobel Laureate
  • 1951 – Steve Prefontaine, American runner (d. 1975)
  • 1952 – Sara Mandiano, French singer and songwriter
  • 1952 – Timothy White, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1953 – The Honky Tonk Man, American professional wrestler
  • 1953 – Mark Weil, Uzbek theatre director (d. 2007)
  • 1954 – Ricardo Bochini, Argentinian footballer
  • 1954 – Richard Finch, American bass player (KC and the Sunshine Band)
  • 1954 – Kim Gandy, American feminist
  • 1955 – Terry Chimes, English musician (The Clash)
  • 1956 – Andy Cox, English musician (The Beat, Fine Young Cannibals)
  • 1957 – Jenifer Lewis, American actress
  • 1957 – Eskil Erlandsson, Swedish politician
  • 1957 – Andrew P. Harris, American politician
  • 1958 – Dinah Manoff, American actress
  • 1961 – Vivian Balakrishnan, Singaporean politician
  • 1961 – Willie Revillame, Filipino game show host and comedian
  • 1962 – Chris Chelios, American ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Esa Tikkanen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Randy McKay, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mark Bamford, American writer/director
  • 1969 – Kina, American singer
  • 1971 – Luca Badoer, Italian race car driver
  • 1971 – China Kantner, American actress
  • 1971 – Ana Ortiz, American actress and singer
  • 1973 – Geoff Johns, American comic book writer
  • 1973 – Chris Guy, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Robert Budreau, Canadian film director
  • 1975 – Mia Kirshner, Canadian actress
  • 1975 – Tim Montgomery, American athlete
  • 1975 – Dat Phan, Vietnamese stand-up comedian
  • 1976 – Mario Haberfeld, Brazilian racing car driver
  • 1978 – Denis Menchov, Russian cyclist
  • 1978 – Jason Roberts, English-born footballer
  • 1978 – Derrick Turnbow, Major League Baseball Player
  • 1979 – Pi Hongyan, French badminton player
  • 1979 – Gabe Jennings, American distance runner
  • 1979 – Rodrigo Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1979 – Christine Lakin, American actress
  • 1980 – Michelle McCool, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Xavi, Catalan Spanish footballer
  • 1980 – Efstathios Tavlaridis, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Tose Proeski, Macedonian Singer (d. 2007)
  • 1981 – Francis Jeffers, English footballer
  • 1981 – Alicia Keys, American singer
  • 1982 – Sho Sakurai, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1982 – The-Dream, singer
  • 1982 – Shawna Waldron, American actress
  • 1983 – Andrée Watters, Canadian singer
  • 1984 – Robinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Tina Karol, Ukrainian singer
  • 1985 – Acie Law IV, National Basketball Association player
  • 1986 – Chris O’Grady, English footballer
  • 1986 – Shahriar Nafees, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1987 – Maria Kirilenko, Russian tennis player
  • 1988 – Tatiana Golovin, French tennis player

January 25 – Deaths:

  • 389 – Gregory Nazianzus, theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 329)
  • 477 – Geiseric, King of the Vandals and Alans
  • 844 – Pope Gregory IV
  • 1067 – Emperor Yingzong of China (b. 1032)
  • 1366 – Henry Suso, German mystic
  • 1431 – Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1364)
  • 1494 – King Ferdinand I of Naples (b. 1423)
  • 1559 – King Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (b. 1481)
  • 1573 – Hirate Hirohide, Japanese samurai (b. 1553)
  • 1586 – Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter (b. 1515)
  • 1640 – Robert Burton, English scholar (b. 1577)
  • 1670 – Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1612)
  • 1726 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (b. 1675)
  • 1733 – Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London (b. 1652)
  • 1751 – Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (b. 1675)
  • 1852 – Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian explorer (b. 1778)
  • 1881 – Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (b. 1794)
  • 1907 – René Pottier, French cyclist (b. 1879)
  • 1908 – Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (b. 1850)
  • 1908 – Ouida, English writer (b. 1839)
  • 1912 – Dmitry Milyutin, Russian Field Marshal (b. 1816)
  • 1925 – Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • 1940 – Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (b. 1899)
  • 1947 – Al Capone, American gangster (b. 1899)
  • 1949 – Makino Nobuaki, Japanese statesman (b. 1861)
  • 1957 – Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese physician and bacteriologist (b. 1871)
  • 1957 – Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese industrialist and Minister of Commerce and Industry (b. 1873)
  • 1963 – Wilson Kettle, Guinness World Record holder for most living descendants (b. 1860)
  • 1969 – Irene Castle, English dancer (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Jane Bathori, French mezzo-soprano (b. 1877)
  • 1970 – Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese television writer and producer (Ultraman) (b. 1901)
  • 1972 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, mayor of Ottawa (b. 1896)
  • 1976 – Chris Kenner, American singer and songwriter (b. 1929)
  • 1980 – Queenie Watts, English actress (b. 1926)
  • 1981 – Adele Astaire, American dancer (b. 1897)
  • 1982 – Mikhail Suslov, Soviet politician (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Ava Gardner, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Cal Jammer, American actor (b. 1960)
  • 1996 – Jonathan Larson, American composer (b. 1960)
  • 1999 – Sarah “Sadie” Delany, American author (b. 1889)
  • 1999 – Ted Mallie, American radio and television announcer (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Robert Shaw, American conductor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Samuel Weems, Arkansas judge (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Miklós Fehér, Hungarian footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2005 – Stanislaw Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – William Augustus Bootle, American judge (b. 1902)
  • 2005 – Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Ray Peterson, American singer (b. 1935)
  • 2005 – Nettie Witziers-Timmer, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Anna Malle, adult film star (b. 1967)
  • 2008 – Christopher Allport, American actor (b. 1947)
  • 2008 – Evelyn Barbirolli,English musician (b. 1911)

January 25 – Holidays:

  • Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul celebrated by the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Anglican and Lutheran churches, which concludes the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity.
  • Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church: Feast of Gregory the Theologian, Archbishop of Constantinople.
  • Christian ecumenism — Week of Prayer for Christian Unity ends.
  • Burns Night – Burns suppers are held in many parts of the world around this date. (Originated in Scotland) 
  • Roman Empire – second day of the Sementivae in honour of Ceres and Terra
  • St. Dwynwen’s Day – Welsh celebration of love Diwrnod Santes Dwynwen.
  • Tatiana Day, celebrated as the Day of Russian students since 1755, when the Moscow University was founded.

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On This Day in History January 24

January 24 – Events:

  • 41 – Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. Claudius succeeds his nephew.
  • 1438 – The Council of Basel suspends Pope Eugene IV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa.
  • 1568 – In the Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw.
  • 1634 – Emperor Ferdinand II declares Wallenstein a traitor.
  • 1679 – King Charles II of England disbands Parliament.
  • 1742 – Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1776 – Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts with the artillery that he has transported from FortTiconderoga.
  • 1826 – MississippiCollege is founded in Clinton, becoming the first college in the state of Mississippi.
  • 1848 – California Gold Rush: James W. Marshall finds gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento.
  • 1857 – The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.
  • 1859 – Political union of Moldavia and Wallachia; Alexandru Ioan Cuza is elected as ruler.
  • 1862 – Bucharest proclaimed capital of Romania.
  • 1878 – The revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, the Governor of Saint Petersburg.
  • 1887 – Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian troops defeat Italians.
  • 1899 – Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O’Sullivan.
  • 1900 – Newcastle Badminton Club, world’s oldest, formed in England.
  • 1907 – Robert Baden-Powell founds the Boy Scout movement.
  • 1916 – In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional.
  • 1918 – The Gregorian calendar introduced in Russia by decree of the Council of People’s Commissars effective from February 14(NS)
  • 1922 – Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K. Nelson of Iowa.
  • 1923 – Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established.
  • 1924 – Petrograd, formerly St. Petersburg, Russia, is renamed Leningrad.
  • 1927 – Director Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film, The Pleasure Garden, in England.
  • 1935 – Beer first sold in cans, Richmond, VA.
  • 1936 – Albert Sarraut becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1939 – 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile.
  • 1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill conclude a conference in Casablanca.
  • 1952 – Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor-General of Canada.
  • 1966 – An Air India Boeing 707 jet crashes on Mont Blanc, on the border between France and Italy, killing 117.
  • 1964 – CBS purchases 1964 & 1965 NFL TV rights for $28.2 million.
  • 1972 – Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
  • 1977 – Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.
  • 1978 – Soviet satellite Cosmos 954 burns up in Earth’s atmosphere, scattering debris over Canada’s Northwest Territories.
  • 1978 – Rose Dugdale and Eddie Gallagher become the first convicted prisoners to marry in prison in the history of the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1982 – San Francisco 49’ers win their first Super Bowl (XVI) beating Cincinnati, 26-21
  • 1984 – The first Apple Macintosh goes on sale.
  • 1986 – Voyager 2 passes within 81,500 km (50,680 miles) of Uranus, finds new moons.
  • 1993 – Turkish journalist and writer Ugur Mumcu is assassinated by a car bomb in Ankara.
  • 1996 – Polish Premier Jozef Oleksy resigns amid charges that he spied for Moscow.
  • 2003 – The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation.

January 24 – Birthdays:

  • 76 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor (d. 138)
  • 1287 – Richard Aungerville, English bishop (d. 1345)
  • 1444 – Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan (d. 1476)
  • 1540 – Edmund Campion, English Jesuit (d. 1581)
  • 1638 – Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)
  • 1670 – William Congreve, English playwright (d. 1729)
  • 1674 – Thomas Tanner, English bishop (d. 1735)
  • 1679 – Christian Wolff, German philosopher (d. 1754)
  • 1705 – Farinelli, Italian castrato (d. 1782)
  • 1712 – King Frederick II of Prussia (d. 1786)
  • 1724 – Frances Brooke, English writer (d. 1789)
  • 1732 – Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, French playwright (d. 1799)
  • 1742 – Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)
  • 1752 – Muzio Clementi, Italian composer (d. 1832)
  • 1754 – Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (d. 1820)
  • 1763 – Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (d. 1831)
  • 1776 – E.T.A. Hoffmann, German writer (d. 1822)
  • 1779 – Elizabeth Alexeievna (Louise of Baden), Russian tsarina (d. 1826)
  • 1848 – Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)
  • 1862 – Edith Wharton, American writer (d. 1937)
  • 1864 – Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
  • 1872 – Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1873 – Leon Czolgosz, American anarchist, assassin of U.S. President William McKinley (d. 1901)
  • 1886 – Henry King, American film director (d. 1982
  • 1888 – Vicki Baum, Austrian writer (d. 1960)
  • 1888 – Ernst Heinkel, German aircraft designer (d. 1958)
  • 1891 – Walter Model, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1895 – Eugen Roth, German writer (d. 1976)
  • 1898 – Cliff Heathcote, American baseball player (d. 1939)
  • 1901 – Harry Calder, South African cricketer (d. 1995)
  • 1902 – E. A. Speiser, American Bible scholar (d. 1965)
  • 1905 – J. Howard Marshall, American billionaire (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Maurice Couve de Murville, French politician (d. 1999)
  • 1909 – Martin Lings, English Islamic scholar (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Ann Todd, English actress (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Norman Dello Joio, American composer
  • 1915 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (d. 1991)
  • 1916 – Jack Brickhouse, American sports broadcaster (d. 1998)
  • 1917 – Ernest Borgnine, American actor
  • 1918 – Oral Roberts, American evangelist
  • 1919 – Coleman Francis, American film director
  • 1920 – Jerry Maren, American actor
  • 1922 – Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Maria Tallchief, American ballerina
  • 1926 – Georges Lautner, French director and screenwriter
  • 1927 – Sir Patrick Macnaghten, 11th Baronet, British aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Desmond Morris, British anthropologist
  • 1928 – Michel Serrault, French actor (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Stanislaw Grochowiak, Polish poet (d. 1976)
  • 1936 – Doug Kershaw, American musician
  • 1939 – Ray Stevens, American musician
  • 1941 – Neil Diamond, American singer
  • 1941 – Aaron Neville, American singer
  • 1943 – Subhash Ghai, Indian film director
  • 1943 – Sharon Tate, American actress and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 1944 – Klaus Nomi, German singer (d. 1983)
  • 1945 – John Garamendi, American politician
  • 1946 – Michael Ontkean, Canadian actor
  • 1947 – Warren Zevon, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1947 – Masashi Ozaki, Japanese golfer
  • 1948 – Michael Des Barres, British actor and rock singer
  • 1949 – John Belushi, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1950 – Gerald Brisco, American professional wrestler
  • 1950 – Benjamin Urrutia, Ecuadorian writer
  • 1950 – Daniel Auteuil, French actor
  • 1951 – Yakov Smirnoff, Ukrainian-born American comedian
  • 1954 – Jo Gartner, Austrian racing driver (d. 1986)
  • 1956 – Hanne Krogh, Norwegian singer (Bobbysocks)
  • 1957 – Adrian Edmondson, British comedian
  • 1958 – Neil Allen, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Jools Holland, British musician
  • 1959 – Vic Reeves, English comedian
  • 1959 – David Mills, American author
  • 1961 – Nastassja Kinski, German-born actress
  • 1961 – Vince Russo, American writer
  • 1963 – Martyn Grimley, English field hockey player
  • 1963 – Arnold Vanderlyde, Dutch boxer
  • 1965 – Carlos Saldanha, Brazilian director
  • 1965 – Mike Awesome, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1966 – Jimeoin, Northern Irish comedian
  • 1967 – Mark Kozelek, American singer/songwriter (Red House Painters, Sun Kil Moon)
  • 1967 – Phil LaMarr, American voice actor
  • 1967 – John Myung, American musician (Dream Theater)
  • 1968 – Michael Kiske, German musician
  • 1968 – Mary Lou Retton, American gymnast
  • 1969 – Hilmir Snær Guðnason, Icelandic actor
  • 1970 – Matthew Lillard, American actor
  • 1971 – Cory Bailey, Major League Baseball Player
  • 1971 – Andrea Mackris, American television producer
  • 1972 – Naoshi Mizuta, Japanese composer
  • 1974 – Shii Ann Huang, American game show contestant
  • 1974 – Ed Helms, American actor
  • 1975 – Rónald Gómez, Costa Rican soccer player
  • 1976 – Shae-Lynn Bourne, Canadian ice dancer with Victor Kraatz
  • 1979 – Tatyana Ali, American actress and singer
  • 1979 – Tom Kostopoulos, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Rocky Boiman, National Football League outside linebacker
  • 1980 – Nicole Marie Lenz, American actress
  • 1981 – Travis Hanson, Major League Baseball player
  • 1983 – Shaun Maloney, Scottish soccer player
  • 1983 – Scott Speed, American race car driver
  • 1984 – Benoît Huot, Quebec paralympic swimmer
  • 1984 – Scott Kazmir, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1984 – Witold Kieltyka, Polish drummer (Decapitated) (d. 2007)
  • 1986 – Mischa Barton, English-born American actress
  • 1986 – Raviv Ullman, Israeli-born American actor

January 24 – Deaths:

  • 41 – Caligula, Emperor of Rome (b. 12)
  • 772 – Pope Stephen III (b. 720)
  • 1002 – Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 980)
  • 1125 – David IV of Georgia (b. 1073)
  • 1366 – Alfonso IV of Aragon (b. 1299)
  • 1376 – Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leader
  • 1473 – Conrad Paumann, German composer
  • 1595 – Ferdinand II of Austria (b. 1529)
  • 1626 – Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (b. 1580)
  • 1639 – Georg Jenatsch, Swiss politician (b. 1596)
  • 1666 – Johann Andreas Herbst, German composer (b. 1588)
  • 1709 – George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)
  • 1769 – François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)
  • 1856 – Rabbi Yechezkel of Kuzmir, Polish Hasidic leader (b. 1775)
  • 1877 – Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (b. 1796)
  • 1882 – Levi Boone, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1808)
  • 1883 – Friedrich von Flotow, German composer (b. 1812)
  • 1895 – Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)
  • 1911 – David Graham Phillips, American journalist and novelist (b. 1867)
  • 1920 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1884)
  • 1924 – Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1894)
  • 1932 – Alfred Yarrow, English shipbuilder (b. 1842)
  • 1939 – Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (b. 1867)
  • 1943 – John Burns, English politician (b. 1858)
  • 1948 – Maria Mandel, CampLeader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)
  • 1948 – Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)
  • 1955 – Ira Hayes, American World War II hero (b. 1923)
  • 1960 – Edwin Fischer, Swiss pianist and conductor (b. 1886)
  • 1961 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American swimmer and inventor (b. 1884)
  • 1962 – Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (b. 1877)
  • 1962 – André Lhote, french painter.
  • 1965 – Winston Churchill, soldier, politician, historian, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Nobel laureate (b. 1874) 
  • 1966 – Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (b. 1909)
  • 1970 – Caresse Crosby, American poet (b. 1891)
  • 1971 – Bill W., American co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1895)
  • 1973 – J. Carrol Naish, American actor (b. 1897)
  • 1975 – Larry Fine, American actor and comedian (b. 1902)
  • 1978 – Herta Oberheuser, German doctor (b. 1911)
  • 1982 – Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president and dictator (b. 1918)
  • 1983 – George Cukor, American film director (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – L. Ron Hubbard, American science fiction writer and founder of Scientology cult (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Flo Hyman, American volleyball player (b. 1954)
  • 1986 – Gordon MacRae, American actor and singer (b. 1921)
  • 1988 – Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Ted Bundy, American serial killer (b. 1946)
  • 1989 – George Knudson, Canadian golfer (b. 1937)
  • 1990 – Madge Bellamy, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1991 – John M. Kelly, Irish politician and academic (b. 1931)
  • 1992 – Ken Darby, American composer, arranger and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 1992 – Ricky Ray Rector, American murderer (b. 1950)
  • 1993 – Thurgood Marshall, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Ugur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1942)
  • 1994 – Yves Navarre, French writer (b. 1940)
  • 1998 – Walter D. Edmonds, American author (b. 1903)
  • 2000 – Bobby Duncum, Jr., American professional wrestler (b. 1965)
  • 2002 – Peter Gzowski, Canadian broadcaster, writer and reporter (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Elie Hobeika, Lebanese Forces militia commander (b. 1956)
  • 2003 – Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Leônidas da Silva, Brazilian footballer (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – June Bronhill, Australian singer (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Vladimir Savchenko, Ukrainian writer (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Chalkie White, English rugby union coach (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Schafik Handal, Salvadorean politician
  • 2006 – Chris Penn, American actor (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Krystyna Feldman, Polish actress (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Guadalupe Larriva, Ecuadorian politician (b. 1956)
  • 2007 – Emiliano Mercado del Toro, World’s Oldest Military Veteran (b. 1891)
  • 2008 – Randy Salerno, co-anchor of Chicago’s CBS 2 News (b. 1963)

January 24 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – first day of the Sementivae in honor of Ceres and Terra
  • Roman Catholic Church – Feasts of St. Francis de Sales and Our Lady of Peace
  • Wales – Saint Cadoc

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On This Day in History January 23

January 23 – Events:

  • 393 – Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius coemperor.
  • 971 – In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops. The Southern Han state is forced to submit to the Song Dynasty, ending not only Southern Han rule, but also the first regular war elephant corps employed in a Chinese army that had gained the Southern Han victories throughout the 10th century.
  • 1368 – In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
  • 1492 – “Pentateuch” (Jewish holy book) first printed.
  • 1510 – Henry VIII of England, then 18 years old, appears incognito in the lists at Richmond, and is applauded for his jousting before he reveals his identity.
  • 1533 – Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England, discovers herself pregnant.
  • 1546 – Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
  • 1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, hits Shaanxi province, China. The death toll may have been as high as 830,000.
  • 1570 – The assassination of regent James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war.
  • 1571 – The Royal Exchange opens in London.
  • 1579 – The Union of Utrecht forms a Protestant republic in the Netherlands.
  • 1656 – Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.
  • 1719 – The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1789 – GeorgetownCollege becomes the first Roman Catholic college in the United States in the city of Washington, D.C.
  • 1793 – Russia and Prussia partition Poland.
  • 1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States’ first female doctor.
  • 1855 – The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge.
  • 1870 – In Montana, U.S. cavalrymen kill 173 Native Americans, mostly women and children, in the Marias Massacre.
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: the Battle of Rorke’s Drift ends.
  • 1879 – National Archery Association formed, Crawfordsville IN.
  • 1894 – G.W. Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 words per minute for 10 minutes.
  • 1897 – Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • 1899 – Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.
  • 1904 – Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.
  • 1907 – Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes the first Native American U.S. Senator.
  • 1912 – The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
  • 1920 – The Netherlands refuses to surrender ex-Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany to the Allies.
  • 1924 – Ramsey MacDonald forms first Labour government in Britain.
  • 1930 – George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established.
  • 1937 – In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin’s regime and assassinate its leaders.
  • 1941 – Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Adolf Hitler.
  • 1943 – World War II: British forces capture Tripoli in Libya from the Nazis.
  • 1943 – Jewish-led Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
  • 1943 – World War II: Australian and American forces finally defeat the Japanese army in Papua. This turning point in the Pacific War marks the beginning of the end of Japanese aggression.
  • 1943 – Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.
  • 1945 – World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
  • 1950 – The Knesset passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
  • 1953 – NFL Dallas Texans become Baltimore Colts (now Indianapolis Colts).
  • 1958 – Overthrow in Venezuela of Marcos Pérez Jiménez
  • 1960 – The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 m (35,798 feet)in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1964 – The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.
  • 1967 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Ivory Coast were established.
  • 1968 – North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship had violated their territorial waters while spying.
  • 1973 – President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.
  • 1973 – A volcano eruption devastates Heimaey in the Vestmannaeyjar chain of islands off the south coast of Iceland.
  • 1975 – “Barney Miller” premiers on ABC TV.
  • 1975 – Ralph Kiner elected to baseball’s Hall of Fame.
  • 1977 – Miniseries “Roots” premiers on ABC.
  • 1978 – Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to earth’s ozone layer.
  • 1983 – “A-Team” with Mr. T premiers on NBC.
  • 1983 – Bjorn Borg announces his retirement from tennis.
  • 1985 – O.J. Simpson becomes the first Heisman Trophy winner elected to the Football Hall of Fame.
  • 1986 – The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts its first members: Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.
  • 1996 – The first version of the Java programming language was released.
  • 1997 – Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.
  • 2001 – The Chinese Communist Party stages a self-immolation in Tiananmen Square to frame Falun Gong and escalate the persecution.
  • 2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh returns to the United States in Federal Bureau of Investigation custody.
  • 2002 – Reporter Daniel Pearl was kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan. He was subsequently murdered .
  • 2003 – Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10

January 23 – Birthdays:

  • 1350 – Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)
  • 1688 – Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1719 – John Landen, English mathematician (d. 1790)
  • 1737 – John Hancock, American statesman (d. 1793)
  • 1745 – William Jessop, English canal engineer (d. 1814)
  • 1783 – Stendhal, French writer (d. 1842)
  • 1786 – Auguste de Montferrand, French architect (d. 1858)
  • 1813 – Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (d. 1895)
  • 1827 – Takamori Saigo, Samurai, leader of Satsuma rebellion (d. 1877)
  • 1832 – Edouard Manet, French artist (d. 1883)
  • 1840 – Ernst Abbe, German physicist (d. 1905)
  • 1855 – John Moses Browning, American inventor (d. 1926)
  • 1857 – Andrija Mohorovicic, Croatian seismologist (d. 1936)
  • 1862 – David Hilbert, German mathematician (d. 1943)
  • 1872 – Goce Delchev, a revolutionary from the Balkans – leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (d. 1903)
  • 1872 – Paul Langevin, French physicist (d. 1946)
  • 1872 – Joze Plecnik, Slovenian architect (d. 1957)
  • 1876 – Otto Diels, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1884 – Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver (d. 1956)
  • 1891 – Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci. He is renowned for his concept of cultural hegemony as a means of maintaining the state in a capitalist society. (d. 1937)
  • 1896 – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (d. 1985)
  • 1897 – Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian independence fighter (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – Sir William Samuel Stephenson, Canadian soldier, W.W.II codename, Intrepid. Inspiration for James Bond. (d. 1989)
  • 1897 – Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)
  • 1897 – Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Indian Leader and Freedom Fighter (d. Unknown, Disputed)
  • 1898 – Sergei Eisenstein, Russian film director (d. 1948)
  • 1898 – Freda Utley, British scholar and author (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Randolph Scott, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1899 – Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (d. 1931)
  • 1900 – William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (d. 1948)
  • 1907 – Dan Duryea, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1907 – Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Django Reinhardt, Belgian guitarist (d. 1953)
  • 1915 – Potter Stewart, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Arthur Lewis, British economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1916 – Airey Neave, British Major, politician and indictment server at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1979)
  • 1916 – David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist
  • 1918 – Gertrude B. Elion, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Ernie Kovacs, American comedian (d. 1962)
  • 1919 – Bob Paisley, English Football player and manager. (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist
  • 1923 – Walter M. Miller, Jr., American writer (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Cot Deal, major league baseball player and coach
  • 1924 – Bal Thackeray, founder and president of Indian political party Shiv Sena.
  • 1927 – Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Jeanne Moreau, French actress
  • 1929 – Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko) of Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate
  • 1929 – John Charles Polanyi, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Derek Walcott, West Indian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Teresa Zylis-Gara, Polish singer
  • 1933 – Chita Rivera, Puerto Rican actress and dancer
  • 1934 – Pierre Bourgault, Quebec politician and essayist (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Jerry Kramer, American football player
  • 1938 – Shohei Baba, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Georg Baselitz, German painter and sculptor
  • 1939 – Sonny Chiba, Japanese actor and martial artist
  • 1939 – Arlene Golonka, American actress
  • 1940 – Johnny Russell, American country singer and songwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Ben Gallagher, prolific woodturner
  • 1942 – Razzak, Bangladeshi actor and director
  • 1943 – Gary Burton, American jazz vibraphonist
  • 1943 – Gil Gerard, American actor
  • 1943 – Millie Jackson, American singer
  • 1944 – Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor
  • 1945 – Mike Harris, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario
  • 1946 – Arnoldo Alemán, ex-president of Nicaragua
  • 1946 – Don Whittington, American businessman, car & airplane racer and convicted felon
  • 1947 – Thomas R. Carper, American politician.
  • 1947 – Megawati Sukarnoputri, 5th President of Indonesia
  • 1948 – Anita Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
  • 1950 – Richard Dean Anderson, American actor
  • 1950 – Danny Federici, American musician (Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band)
  • 1950 – John Greaves, English musician (Henry Cow, National Health)
  • 1953 – Antonio Villaraigosa, Hispanic-American 52nd Mayor of Los Angeles
  • 1953 – Robin Zander, American singer (Cheap Trick)
  • 1954 – Franco De Vita, Venezuelan singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Edward Ka-Spel, English musician (Legendary Pink Dots)
  • 1957 – Princess Caroline of Monaco
  • 1957 – Lou Schuler, American fitness journalist
  • 1959 – Clive Bull, English radio talk show host
  • 1960 – Patrick de Gayardon, French skydiver and skysurfing pioneer (d. 1998)
  • 1960 – Jean-Francois Sauve, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Elvira Lindo, Spanish writer and journalist1962 – Vasia Panayopoulou, Greek actress
  • 1963 – Gail O’Grady, American actress
  • 1964 – Mariska Hargitay, American actress
  • 1964 – Mario Roberge, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Naim Süleymanoglu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
  • 1968 – Petr Korda, Czech tennis player
  • 1969 – Ariadna Gil, Spanish actress
  • 1969 – Andrei Kanchelskis, Ukrainian-Russian footballer
  • 1969 – Brendan Shanahan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Spiridon Vasdekis, Greek long jumper
  • 1971 – Kevin Mawae, American football player
  • 1972 – Ewen Bremner, Scottish actor
  • 1972 – Mark Curry, American rapper
  • 1972 – Marcel Wouda, Dutch swimmer
  • 1973 – Lanei Chapman, American actress
  • 1974 – Joel Bouchard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Rebekah Elmaloglou, Australian actress
  • 1974 – Yosvani Pérez, Cuban baseball player
  • 1974 – Richard T. Slone, British artist
  • 1974 – Tiffani Thiessen, American actress
  • 1975 – Tito Ortiz, American UFC fighter
  • 1976 – Brandon Duckworth, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Angelica Lee, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1976 – Nigel McGuinness, English professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Sampsa Astala, Finnish musician (Lordi)
  • 1979 – Larry Hughes, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Juan Rincón, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1981 – Greg Smith, American UFC fighter
  • 1982 – Wily Mo Peña, Dominican baseball player
  • 1983 – David Firth, British animator
  • 1984 – Arjen Robben, Dutch footballer
  • 1985 – Dong Fangzhuo, Chinese footballer
  • 1985 – Doutzen Kroes, Dutch supermodel
  • 1986 – José Enrique Sánchez, Spanish footballer
  • 1986 – Steven Taylor, English footballer
  • 1987 – Felicia Brandström, Swedish singer

January 23 – Deaths:

  • 1199 – Yaqub, Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)
  • 1548 – Bernardo Pisano, Italian composer (b. 1490)
  • 1549 – Johannes Honter, Transylvanian Saxon humanist and theologian (b. 1498)
  • 1567 – Jiajing, Emperor of China (b. 1507)
  • 1570 – James Stewart, Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland (assassinated)
  • 1622 – William Baffin, English explorer (b. 1584)
  • 1744 – Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
  • 1785 – Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1789 – Frances Brooke, English writer (b. 1724)
  • 1789 – John Cleland, English novelist (b. 1709)
  • 1800 – Edward Rutledge, American statesman (b. 1749)
  • 1803 – Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer (b. 1725)
  • 1805 – Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)
  • 1806 – William Pitt the Younger, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
  • 1812 – Robert Craufurd, British general (b. 1764)
  • 1820 – Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
  • 1833 – Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)
  • 1837 – John Field, Irish composer (b. 1782)
  • 1866 – Thomas Love Peacock, English satirist (b. 1785)
  • 1875 – Charles Kingsley English writer (b. 1819)
  • 1883 – Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • 1893 – Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1825)
  • 1922 – Arthur Nikisch, Hungarian conductor (b. 1855)
  • 1923 – Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1931 – Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (b. 1881)
  • 1937 – Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (b. 1876)
  • 1939 – Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer (b. 1903)
  • 1943 – Alexander Woollcott, American actor, author, and bon vivant (b. 1887)
  • 1944 – Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (b. 1863)
  • 1944 – Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • 1956 – Alexander Korda, Hungarian/British film director (b. 1893)
  • 1958 – Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (b. 1880)
  • 1971 – Fritz Feigl, Austria-born chemist (b. 1871)
  • 1973 – Alexander Onassis, Greek heir of the Onassis family (b. 1948)
  • 1973 – Kid Ory, American jazz trombonist (b. 1886)
  • 1976 – Paul Dupuis, French Canadian film and television actor (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – Paul Robeson, American actor, singer, and social activist (b. 1898)
  • 1977 – Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (b. 1903)
  • 1978 – Terry Kath, American musician (Chicago) (b. 1946)
  • 1978 – Jack Oakie, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1978 – Vic Ames, American singer (Ames Brothers) (b. 1925)
  • 1981 – Samuel Barber, American composer (b. 1910)
  • 1983 – Fred Bakewell, English cricketer (b. 1908)
  • 1984 – Mu’in Bseiso, Palestinian poet (b. 1926)
  • 1986 – Joseph Beuys, German artist (b. 1921)
  • 1986 – Yvonne Lefébure, French virtuoso pianist (b. 1898)
  • 1988 – Charles Glen King, American biochemist (b. 1896)
  • 1989 – Salvador Dalí, Catalan artist (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Allen Collins, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (b. 1952)
  • 1991 – Northrop Frye, Canadian writer and critic (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – Freddie Bartholomew, Irish actor (b. 1924)
  • 1993 – Thomas A. Dorsey, American singer (b. 1899)
  • 1994 – Nikolai Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Brian Redhead, English journalist and broadcaster (b. 1929)
  • 1997 – Richard Berry, American composer and musician (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – Jay Pritzker, American businessman (b. 1922)
  • 1999 – Prince Lincoln Thompson, Jamaican musician (b. 1949)
  • 2002 – Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist (b. 1930)
  • 2002 – Paul Aars, American racecar driver (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – Robert Nozick, American philosopher (b. 1938)
  • 2003 – Nell Carter, American singer and actress (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Bob Keeshan, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Helmut Newton, German-born photographer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Morys George Lyndhurst Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare, British politician (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Johnny Carson, American television host (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Chris McKinstry, Canadian scientist (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – E. Howard Hunt, American Watergate figure (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Ryszard Kapuscinski, Polish journalist and writer (b. 1932)

January 23 – Holidays:

  • St. Abakuh, an Egyptian Christian martyr
  • Bounty Day, celebrating the burning of HMAV Bounty in 1790, Pitcairn Island
  • St. Raymond of Peñafort, confessor, d. 1275 (Roman Catholic calendar of saints)
  • St. Emerentiana, virgin and martyr, d. 305 (Roman Catholic calendar of saints)
  • Blessed Marianne of Molokai

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On This Day in History January 22

January 22 – Events:

  • 565 – Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.
  • 1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican.
  • 1517 – Turks conquer Cairo.
  • 1521 – Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms.
  • 1673 – Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated.
  • 1771 – Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to England.
  • 1824 – Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
  • 1840 – British colonists reach New Zealand.
  • 1859 – Brahms’ first piano concerto (in D minor) premiers, Hanover.
  • 1863 – The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-RuthenianCommonwealth from occupation of Russia.
  • 1877 – Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana – Zulu troops defeat British troops.
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke’s Drift – 139 British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an intense assault by four to five thousand Zulu warriors.
  • 1889 – Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1890 – The United Mine Workers of America was founded in Columbus, Ohio.
  • 1899 – Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
  • 1901 – Edward VII becomes King after his mother, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, dies.
  • 1905 – Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
  • 1906 – SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
  • 1917 – World War I: President Woodrow Wilson calls for “peace without victory” in Europe.
  • 1919 – Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People’s Republic and the WestUkrainianNationalRepublic.
  • 1924 – Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister.
  • 1927 – First live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world with the Arsenal F.C. vs. the Sheffield United at Highbury.
  • 1931 – Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
  • 1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom captures Tobruk from Nazi forces.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle which was an assault on Anzio, Italy.
  • 1946 – Iran: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people’s Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister.
  • 1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
  • 1947 – KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood, California.
  • 1952 – The first Jet airliner, the de Havilland Comet, enters service for BOAC.
  • 1957 – Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1957 – The New York City “Mad Bomber,” George P. Metesky, was arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and was charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
  • 1962 – The Organization of American States suspends Cuba’s membership.
  • 1963 – The Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany was signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
  • 1964 – World’s largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured, Wisconsin.
  • 1968 – “Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In” premiers on NBC.
  • 1968 – Apollo 5 launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made.
  • 1969 – Orbiting Solar Observatory 5 launched into earth orbit.
  • 1970 – First commercial Boeing 747 flight, NY to London.
  • 1972 – “Emergency” with Robert Fuller premiers on NBC TV.
    1973 – George Foreman beats Joe Frazier for world heavyweight boxing title.
  • 1973 – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe v. Wade striking down state laws restricting abortion during the first six months of pregnancy.
  • 1973 – A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria killing 176.
  • 1980 – Andrei Sakharov is arrested in Moscow.
  • 1980 – PGA begins a senior golf tour.
  • 1981 – O.A. “Bum” Phillips becomes head coach of the New Orleans Saints.
  • 1984 – Annette Kennedy of SUNY sets women’s basketball record with 70 points.
  • 1984 Oakland Raiders beat Washington Redskins, 38-9, in Super Bowl XVIII.
  • 1984 – The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, was introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous “1984” television commercial.
  • 1987 – Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
  • 1988 – Heavyweight champ Mike Tyson KOs former champ Larry Holmes in 4.
  • 1989 – Super Bowl XXIII-San Francisco 49ers-20, Cincinnati Bengels-16
  • 1990 – Radio Borders[1] became the first station of the new decade to hit the UK airwaves. Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet worm.
  • 1991 – Gulf War. Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
  • 1992 – Rebel forces occupy Zaire’s national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government’s resignation.
  • 1992 – Space Shuttle program: STS-42 Mission – Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space.
  • 1995 – Israeli-Palestinian conflict: In central Israel, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
  • 1999 – Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
  • 2002 – Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
  • 2003 – Last successful contact with the spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects.
  • 2006 – Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country’s first indigenous president.
  • 2007 – The jury portion of the trial against Robert Pickton, accused of being Canada’s worst serial killer, opens in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.

January 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1263 – Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)
  • 1440 – Ivan III of Russia (d. 1505)
  • 1553 – Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)
  • 1561 – Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher (d. 1626)
  • 1570 – Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, English politician (d. 1631)
  • 1592 – Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist (d. 1655)
  • 1654 – Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
  • 1690 – Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. 1743)
  • 1729 – Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German author and philosopher (d. 1781)
  • 1733 – Philip Carteret, British Naval Officer
  • 1781 – François Antoine Habeneck, French violinist (d. 1849)
  • 1788 – George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (Lord Byron), English poet (d. 1824)
  • 1796 – Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • 1797 – Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
  • 1799 – Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)
  • 1820 – Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)
  • 1840 – Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1849 – August Strindberg, Swedish writer (d. 1912)
  • 1858 – Beatrice Webb, English economist (d. 1943)
  • 1869 – Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk (d. 1916)
  • 1874 – Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
  • 1875 – D. W. Griffith, American film director (d. 1948)
  • 1882 – Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 1956)
  • 1886 – Roman Ungern von Sternberg, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1921)
  • 1887 – Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1889 – Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (d. 1935)
  • 1890 – Fred M. Vinson, 13th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1953)
  • 1890 – Vinko Zganec, Croatian ethnomusicologist (d. 1976)
  • 1892 – Marcel Dassault, French industrialist (d. 1986)
  • 1893 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (d. 1943)
  • 1897 – Rosa Ponselle, American soprano (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Ernst Busch, German singer and actor (d. 1980)
  • 1902 – Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (d. 1970)
  • 1903 – Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
  • 1904 – George Balanchine, Russian choreographer (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – Arkady Gaidar, Russian children’s writer (d. 1941)
  • 1906 – Joe Gladwin, English actor (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Robert E. Howard, American author (d. 1936)
  • 1907 – Douglas Corrigan, American pilot (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Dixie Dean, English footballer (d. 1980)
  • 1907 – Mary Dresselhuys, Dutch actress (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Lev Landau, Soviet physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1909 – Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)
  • 1909 – Ann Sothern, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – U Thant, Burmese 3rd United Nations Secretary General (d. 1974)
  • 1911 – Bruno Kreisky, Chancellor of Austria (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
  • 1913 – Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Dimitris Dragatakis, Greek composer (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Heinrich Albertz, German theologian and politician (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1972)
  • 1916 – Henri Dutilleux, French composer
  • 1918 – Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1920 – Sir Alf Ramsey, English football manager (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Howard Moss, American poet, dramatist, and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – J. J. Johnson, American jazz trombonist and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Lou Creekmur, American football player
  • 1928 – Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Sam Cooke, American singer (d. 1964)
  • 1932 – Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and former sexologist
  • 1932 – Piper Laurie, American actress
  • 1934 – Bill Bixby, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1934 – Graham Kerr, British-born chef
  • 1935 – Seymour Cassel, American actor
  • 1936 – Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 – Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader
  • 1937 – Joseph Wambaugh, American author
  • 1938 – Altair, Brazilian footballer
  • 1939 – Jeff Smith, American chef (d. 2004)
  • 1939 – Jean-Claude Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – Addie “Micki” Harris, singer (Shirelles) (d. 1982)
  • 1940 – John Hurt, English actor
  • 1940 – George Seifert, American football coach
  • 1942 – Mimis Domazos, Greek footballer
  • 1943 – Marília Pêra, Brazilian actress
  • 1945 – Arthur Beetson, Australian rugby league footballer and coach
  • 1946 – Malcolm McLaren, English impresario, musician and self-publicist
  • 1946 – Serge Savard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1948 – Gilbert Levine, American conductor
  • 1949 – Mike Caldwell, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Phil Miller, English guitarist (National Health, In Cahoots, Matching Mole)
  • 1949 – Steve Perry, American singer and musician (Journey)
  • 1951 – Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (d. 1989)
  • 1952 – Teddy Gentry, American musician (Alabama)
  • 1952 – Ace Vergel, Filipino actor (d. 2007)
  • 1953 – Jim Jarmusch, American director
  • 1954 – Tully Blanchard, American professional wrestler
  • 1954 – Chris Lemmon, American actor
  • 1954 – Peter Pilz, Austrian politician
  • 1955 – Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician
  • 1956 – John Wesley Shipp, American actor
  • 1957 – Mike Bossy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1957 – Francis Wheen, English writer and journalist
  • 1958 – Nikos Anastopoulos, Greek football player and manager
  • 1959 – Linda Blair, American actress
  • 1960 – Michael Hutchence, Australian singer (INXS) (d. 1997)
  • 1961 – Daniel Johnston, American singer-songwriter and artist
  • 1962 – Choi Min-sik, South Korean actor
  • 1962 – Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
  • 1963 – Andrei Tchmil, Ukrainian-Belgian cyclist
  • 1965 – Steven Adler, American drummer (Guns N’ Roses)
  • 1965 – DJ Jazzy Jeff, American rapper and actor
  • 1965 – Diane Lane, American actress
  • 1965 – Brian McCardie, Scottish actor
  • 1965 – Andrew Roachford, English singer and songwriter
  • 1965 – Chintara Sukapatana, Thai actress
  • 1966 – Ecaterina Szabo, Romanian gymnast
  • 1967 – Manabu Nakanishi, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Heath, Japanese bass guitarist (X Japan)
  • 1968 – Frank Leboeuf, French footballer
  • 1968 – Mauricio Serna, Colombian footballer
  • 1969 – Olivia d’Abo, English actress
  • 1969 – John Linton Roberson, American cartoonist
  • 1970 – Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist
  • 1970 – Alex Ross, American comic book painter (Marvels, Kingdom Come)
  • 1971 – Stan Collymore, English footballer
  • 1972 – Gabriel Macht, American actor
  • 1972 – Romi Paku, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
  • 1972 – Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan racing driver (d. 1999)
  • 1973 – Rogerio Ceni, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Cameron McConville, Australian racing driver
  • 1975 – Balthazar Getty, American actor
  • 1975 – Felipe Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1975 – ZP Theart, South African singer
  • 1975 – David Výborný, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – James Dearth, American football player
  • 1976 – Mikko Luoma, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Jono Gibbes, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese footballer
  • 1978 – Chone Figgins, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Jake Grove, American football player
  • 1980 – Christopher Masterson, American actor
  • 1980 – Ben Moody, American guitarist (Evanescence)
  • 1980 – Jonathan Woodgate, English footballer
  • 1981 – Willa Ford, American singer
  • 1981 – Beverley Mitchell, American actress
  • 1981 – Ibrahima Sonko, French footballer
  • 1982 – Fabricio Coloccini, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Jason Peters, American football player
  • 1983 – Shaun Cody, American football player
  • 1983 – Robert Steinhäuser, German perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)
  • 1984 – Ben Eager, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Raica Oliveira, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1984 – Leon Powe, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Maceo Rigters, Dutch footballer
  • 1985 – Mohamed Sissoko, Malian footballer
  • 1986 – Lee Pa-ni, South Korean model
  • 1986 – Robert O’Connor, Irish singer-songwriter, actor and model
  • 1986 – Rhys Barker, British Model, Musician
  • 1987 – Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1988 – Greg Oden, American basketball player

January 22 – Deaths:

  • 1536 – Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)
  • 1599 – Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (b. 1547)
  • 1666 – Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1592)
  • 1750 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
  • 1763 – John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (b. 1690)
  • 1767 – Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minterologist and geologist (b. 1719)
  • 1779 – Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)
  • 1779 – Claudius Smith, American Revolutionary War loyalist (b. 1736)
  • 1840 – Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1892 – Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1813)
  • 1900 – David E. Hughes, American musician (b. 1831)
  • 1901 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (b. 1819)
  • 1921 – Captain George Streeter, American riverboat captain and circus owner (b. 1837)
  • 1922 – Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1837)
  • 1922 – Pope Benedict XV (b. 1854)
  • 1922 – Camille Jordan, French mathematician (b. 1838)
  • 1931 – Alma Rubens, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1945 – Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • 1949 – William Thomas Walsh, American author (b. 1891)
  • 1950 – Alan Hale, Sr., American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1951 – Karl Nessler, inventor of the perm (b. 1872)
  • 1959 – Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (b. 1929)
  • 1966 – Herbert Marshall, English actor (b. 1890)
  • 1967 – Robert Henriques, English writer (b. 1905)
  • 1968 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer (b. 1890)
  • 1973 – Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)
  • 1975 – Andrew George Burry, Swiss-born manufacturer and businessman (b. 1873)
  • 1978 – Oliver Leese, British World War II general (b. 1894)
  • 1978 – Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist (b. 1903)
  • 1982 – Tommy Tucker, American singer and pianist (b. 1933)
  • 1987 – Budd Dwyer, American politician (b. 1939)
  • 1988 – Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor (b. 1891)
  • 1991 – Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Abe Kobo, Japanese writer (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – Rhett Forrester, American singer (Riot) (b. 1956)
  • 1994 – Telly Savalas, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Jerry Blackwell, American professional wrestler (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, matriarch of the Kennedy family (b. 1890)
  • 1997 – Ron Holden, American singer (b. 1939)
  • 1997 – Billy Mackenzie, Scottish musician (Associates) (b. 1957)
  • 1997 – Wally Whyton, English musician (b. 1929)
  • 1999 – Graham Staines, Australian missionary (b. 1941)
  • 2000 – Craig Claiborne, American writer and editor (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska) (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (b. 1942)
  • 2001 – Roy Brown, American clown (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Stanley Marcus, American business executive (b. 1905)
  • 2003 – Bill Mauldin, American World War II cartoonist (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Billy May, American composer and musician (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Thomas Mead, Australian politician and journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Ann Miller, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Carlo Orelli, Italian veteran of World War I (b. 1894)
  • 2005 – Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican songwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Rose Mary Woods, American Watergate scandal figure (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Doug Blasdell, American personal trainer
  • 2007 – Disco D, American music producer (b. 1980)
  • 2007 – Ngô Quang Tru?ng, South Vietnamese general (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Abbé Pierre, French priest (b. 1912)
  • 2008 – Heath Ledger, Australian Hollywood actor (b. 1979)

January 22 – Holidays:

  • Christianity – Feast day of St. Vincent, Anastasius of Persia.

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On This Day in History January 21

January 21 – Events:

  • 1189 – Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade.
  • 1287 – The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon.
  • 1525 – The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz’s mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.
  • 1643 – Abel Tasman was the first European to reach Tonga.
  • 1720 – Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Stockholm.
  • 1749 – The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destoyed by fire. It was rebuilt in 1754.
  • 1789 – The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, is printed in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1793 – After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Louis XVI of France was executed by the guillotine.
  • 1799 – Edward Jenner’s smallpox vaccination is introduced.
  • 1853 – Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, MA.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis resigns from the United States Senate.
  • 1864 – The Tauranga Campaign starts during the Maori Wars.
  • 1887 – Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
  • 1893 – The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate which is now Botswana.
  • 1899 – Opel manufactured its first automobile.
  • 1908 – New York City passes the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, only to have the measure vetoed by the mayor.
  • 1911 – The first Monte Carlo Rally.
  • 1915 – Kiwanis International was founded in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 1919 – Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin, Sinn Féin adopts Ireland’s first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary.
  • 1921 – The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.
  • 1922 – First slalom ski race run, Murren, Switzerland.
  • 1924 – Vladimir Lenin dies; a lengthy power struggle emerges between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin begins, culminating to the latter’s consolidation of power c. 1928.
  • 1925 – Albania declares itself a republic.
  • 1941 – World War II: Australian and British forces attack Tobruk, Libya.
  • 1948 – The Flag of Quebec is adopted and flown for the first time, over the National Assembly of Quebec. The day is marked annually as Quebec Flag Day.
  • 1950 – Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury.
  • 1954 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, was launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, then the First Lady of the United States.
  • 1958 – The last Fokker C.X in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashed, killing the pilot and winch-operator.
  • 1960 – Rock fall traps 437 at Coalbrook South Africa; 417 die of methane poisoning.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh – One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.
  • 1969 – An experimental underground nuclear reactor at Lucens Vad, Switzerland, released radiation into a cavern, which was then sealed.
  • 1971 – “Alias Smith & Jones” premiers on ABC TV.
  • 1972 – Tripura becomes a full-fledged state in India.
  • 1974 – Gold hits record $161.31 an ounce in London.
  • 1974 – Silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London.
  • 1976 – Commercial service of Concorde begins with London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.
  • 1977 – President Jimmy Carter pardons nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders, some of whom had emigrated to Canada.
  • 1978 – Bee Gees’ “Saturday Night Fever” album goes #1 for 24 weeks.
  • 1979 – Steelers beat Cowboys (35-31), first team to win 3 Super Bowls (XIII).
  • 1980 – Gold hits record $850 an ounce.
  • 1986 – 100 participate in Nude Olympics race in 38 degrees F (3 degrees C), Indiana.
  • 1987 – B.B. King donates his 7,000 record collection to University of Mississippi
  • 1999 – War on Drugs: In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepts a ship with over 4,300 kgs (9,500 pounds) of cocaine on board.
  • 2002 – The Canadian Dollar sets all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).
  • 2004 – Canada: The residence of reporter Juliet O’Neill is searched by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) investigating leaks concerning the deportation of Maher Arar.
  • 2005 – In Belmopan, Belize, the unrest over the government’s new taxes erupts into riots.
  • 2008 – Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 9/11, and Asian stocks drop as much as 15%.
  • 2008 – The Eyak language in Alaska becomes extinct as its last native speaker dies.

January 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1338 – King Charles V of France (d. 1380)
  • 1721 – James Murray, British military officer, governor of Quebec (d. 1794)
  • 1804 – Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (d. 1887)
  • 1813 – John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (d. 1890)
  • 1815 – John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (d. 1900)
  • 1824 – Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, American, Confederate army general (d. 1863)
  • 1825 – Imre Madách, Hungarian writer (d. 1864)
  • 1827 – Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)
  • 1829 – King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (d. 1907)
  • 1848 – Henri Duparc, French composer (d. 1933)
  • 1860 – Karl Staaff, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1915)
  • 1867 – Ludwig Thoma, German writer (d. 1921)
  • 1867 – Maxime Weygand, French general (d. 1965)
  • 1882 – Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)
  • 1883 – Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet (d. 1929)
  • 1884 – Roger Baldwin, American social activist (d. 1981)
  • 1885 – Umberto Nobile, Italian politician (d. 1978)
  • 1887 – Georges Vézina, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1926)
  • 1895 – Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (d. 1972)
  • 1897 – René Iché, French sculptor (d. 1954)
  • 1899 – Alexander Tcherepnin, Russian born American composer (d. 1977)
  • 1901 – Ricardo Zamora, Spanish footballer (d. 1978)
  • 1905 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer (d. 1957)
  • 1905 – Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (d. 1978)
  • 1906 – Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1909 – Todor Skalovski, Macedonian composer (d. 2004)
  • 1910 – Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (d. 1981)
  • 1912 – Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1918 – Richard D. Winters, American war hero
  • 1921 – Howard Unruh, American mass murderer
  • 1922 – Paul Scofield, English actor
  • 1923 – Lola Flores, Spanish singer (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – Benny Hill, English actor, comedian, and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1924 – Telly Savalas, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1926 – Steve Reeves, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Clive Churchill, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 1985)
  • 1932 – John Chaney, American basketball coach
  • 1933 – Joseph W. Eschbach, American doctor (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Audrey Dalton, Irish actress
  • 1936 – Koji Hashimoto, Japanese film director (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria
  • 1938 – Wolfman Jack, American disk jockey and actor (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – John Savident, British actor
  • 1940 – Jack Nicklaus, American golfer
  • 1941 – Plácido Domingo, Spanish tenor
  • 1941 – Stathis Giallelis, Greek actor
  • 1941 – Richie Havens, American musician
  • 1941 – Mike Medavoy, American film producer
  • 1941 – Ivan Putski, Polish-born American professional wrestler
  • 1942 – Edwin Starr, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Mac Davis, American musician
  • 1946 – Johnny Oates, American baseball player and manager (d. 2004)
  • 1947 – Jill Eikenberry, American actress
  • 1947 – Pye Hastings, English singer and musician (Caravan)
  • 1947 – Michel Jonasz, French singer and composer
  • 1950 – Billy Ocean, West Indian musician
  • 1952 – Marco Camenisch, Swiss environmental activist
  • 1952 – Louis Menand, American writer and critic
  • 1953 – Paul Allen, American entrepreneur
  • 1955 – Jeff Koons, American artist
  • 1956 – Robby Benson, American actor
  • 1956 – Geena Davis, American actress
  • 1957 – Greg Ryan, American soccer coach
  • 1958 – Michael Wincott, Canadian actor
  • 1959 – Alex McLeish, Scottish footballer and manager
  • 1962 – Marie Trintignant, French actress (d. 2003)
  • 1962 – Tyler Cowen, American economist
  • 1963 – Hakeem Olajuwon, Nigerian-born American basketball player
  • 1963 – Detlef Schrempf, German basketball player
  • 1965 – Jam Master Jay, American disc jockey (d. 2002)
  • 1966 – Robert Del Naja, English musician
  • 1966 – Candi Milo, American voice actress
  • 1968 – Ulrica Messing, Swedish politician
  • 1968 – Charlotte Ross, American actress
  • 1969 – Karina Lombard, American actress
  • 1969 – Tsubaki Nekoi, Japanese manga artist
  • 1970 – Ken Leung, American actor
  • 1970 – Mark Trojanowski, American musician (Sister Hazel)
  • 1971 – Alan McManus, Scottish snooker player
  • 1971 – Doug Weight, American ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Alan Benes, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Yasunori Mitsuda, Japanese composer
  • 1972 – Cat Power (Chan Marshall), American musician
  • 1974 – Rove McManus, Australian television host and comedian
  • 1974 – Alex Sperafico, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1975 – Ito, Spanish footballer
  • 1975 – Nicky Butt, English footballer
  • 1975 – Casey FitzRandolph, American speed skater
  • 1975 – Yuji Ide, Japanese racing driver
  • 1976 – Emma Bunton, English singer (Spice Girls)
  • 1977 – Al Baxter, Australian rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Phil Neville, English footballer
  • 1977 – Rick Ross, American rapper
  • 1978 – Bryan Gilmore, National Football League player
  • 1978 – Tamir “Nokio” Ruffin, American Singer
  • 1978 – Faris al-Sultan, German-Iraqi triathlete
  • 1978 – Phil Stacey, American Idol finalist
  • 1978 – Andrei Zyuzin, Russian ice hockey player 
  • 1979 – Byung-Hyun Kim, Korean baseball player
  • 1979 – Spider Loc, American rapper, member of G-Unit
  • 1979 – Brian O’Driscoll, Irish rugby union footballer
  • 1980 – Dave Kitson, English footballer
  • 1980 – Nana Mizuki, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1981 – Gillian Chung Yan-tung, Hong Kong singer (Twins)
  • 1981 – Jamie Dalrymple, English cricketer
  • 1981 – Ivan Ergic, Serbian footballer
  • 1981 – Dany Heatley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Andy Lee, Korean rapper (Shinhwa)
  • 1981 – Izabella Miko, Polish-born actress and model
  • 1981 – Alex Ubago, Spanish-Basque singer-songwriter
  • 1982 – Dean Whitehead, English footballer
  • 1983 – Maryse Ouellet, French-Canadian model and professional wrestler
  • 1983 – Moritz Volz, German footballer
  • 1983 – Peter Philipakos, Greek-American soccer player
  • 1985 – Alex Pérez, Spanish footballer
  • 1985 – Sasha Pivovarova, Russian Model
  • 1985 – Matt Unicomb, Australian basketball player
  • 1987 – Joe Ledley, Welsh footballer
  • 1988 – William Johansson, Swedish composer
  • 1990 – Jacob Smith, American actor
  • 2004 – Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway

January 21 – Deaths:

  • 304 – Saint Agnes (martyred) (b. 291)
  • 917 – Erchanger, Duke of Swabia (c. 880)
  • 1118 – Pope Paschal II
  • 1519 – Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
  • 1527 – Juan de Grijalva, Spanish conquistador (c. 1489)
  • 1546 – Azai Sukemasa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1491)
  • 1609 – Joseph Justus Scaliger, French Protestant scholar (b. 1540)
  • 1638 – Ignazio Donati, Italian composer (c. 1570)
  • 1683 – Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, British politician (b. 1621)
  • 1699 – Obadiah Walker, English writer (b. 1616)
  • 1706 – Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (b. 1649)
  • 1710 – Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (b. 1638)
  • 1722 – Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, English supporter of William III of England (b. 1661)
  • 1731 – Thomas Woolston, English theologian (b. 1669)
  • 1766 – James Quin, English actor (b. 1693)
  • 1773 – Alexis Piron, French writer (b. 1689)
  • 1774 – Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717)
  • 1775 – Yemelyan Pugachev, Russian rebel (b. 1740 or 1742)
  • 1793 – King Louis XVI of France (executed) (b. 1754)
  • 1795 – Samuel Wallis, English navigator (b. 1728)
  • 1809 – Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (b. 1729)
  • 1814 – Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, French writer and botanist (b. 1737)
  • 1823 – Cayetano José Rodríguez, Argentine cleric, journalist and poet (b. 1761)
  • 1831 – Ludwig Achim von Arnim, German poet (b. 1781)
  • 1851 – Albert Lortzing, German composer (b. 1801)
  • 1870 – Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (b. 1812)
  • 1872 – Franz Grillparzer, Austrian writer (b. 1791)
  • 1881 – Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1802)
  • 1891 – Calixa Lavallée, Canadian composer (b. 1842)
  • 1901 – Elisha Gray, American inventor (b. 1835)
  • 1914 – Theodor Kittelsen, Norwegian artist (b. 1857)
  • 1919 – Gojong of Joseon, Emperor of Korea (b. 1852)
  • 1924 – Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary (b. 1870)
  • 1926 – Camillo Golgi, Italian physician, recipient of the Nobel laureate (b. 1843)
  • 1928 – George Goethals, American army engineer (b. 1858)
  • 1931 – Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer (b. 1863)
  • 1932 – Giles Lytton Strachey, British writer (b. 1880)
  • 1933 – George A. Moore, Irish novelist (b. 1852)
  • 1937 – Marie Prevost, Canadian actress (b. 1898)
  • 1948 – Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, Italian composer (b. 1876)
  • 1950 – George Orwell, British writer (b. 1903)
  • 1955 – Archie Hahn, American athlete (b. 1880)
  • 1956 – Sam Langford, Canadian boxer (b. 1883)
  • 1959 – Cecil B. DeMille, American director (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Carl Switzer, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1961 – Blaise Cendrars, Swiss writer (b. 1887)
  • 1967 – Ann Sheridan, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 1968 – Will Lang Jr., American magazine executive (b. 1914)
  • 1977 – Sandro Penna, Italian poet (b. 1906)
  • 1978 – Freda Utley, British scholar and author. (b. 1898)
  • 1984 – Giannis Skaribas, Greek writer, dramatist, and poet (b. 1893)
  • 1984 – Jackie Wilson, American musician (b. 1934)
  • 1985 – James Beard, American chef and author (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Eddie Graham, American professional wrestler and promoter (b. 1930)
  • 1987 – Charles Goodell, American politician (b. 1926)
  • 1989 – Billy Tipton, American musician (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Carl Furillo, American Baseball player (b. 1922)
  • 1993 – Charlie Gehringer, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – René Marc Jalbert, sergeant-at-Arms at the National Assembly of Quebec (b. 1921)
  • 1997 – Colonel Tom Parker, American manager of Elvis Presley (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Jack Lord, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Charles Brown, American blues singer and pianist (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Susan Strasberg, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Byron De La Beckwith, American white supremacist (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Peggy Lee, American singer (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Paul Haines, American-born Canadian poet (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Theun de Vries, Dutch writer (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – John L. Hess, American journalist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Parveen Babi, Indian actress (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Ibrahim Rugova, President of Kosovo (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Maria Cioncan, Romanian athlete (b. 1977)
  • 2007 – U;Nee, Korean pop artist (b. 1981)
  • 2008 – Pam Barrett, Canadian politician (b. 1953)
  • 2008 – Marie Smith Jones, last native speaker of the Eyak language (b. 1918)

January 21 – Holidays:

  • Flag Day – Quebec
  • International Spicy Food Day
  • Wellington Anniversary – New Zealand
  • Saint Agnes
  • Meinrad of Einsiedeln
  • Dominican Republic – Our Lady of Altagracia

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On This Day in History January 20

January 20 – Events:

  • 250 – Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Pope Fabian was martyred. Afterwards the Donatist controversy over readmitting lapsed Christians disaffects many in North Africa.
  • 1156 – According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland.
  • 1265 – In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting in the Palace of Westminster, now also known as the “Houses of Parliament.”
  • 1320 – Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland.
  • 1356 – Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scotland.
  • 1502 – The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored.
  • 1523 – Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
  • 1576 – The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almansa.
  • 1649 – Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other “high crimes.”
  • 1667 – The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth cedes Kiev, Smolensk, and left-bank Ukraine to Imperial Russia in the treaty of Andrusovo.
  • 1783 – The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the Revolutionary War.
  • 1788 – The third and main part of First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip decides Botany Bay is unsuitable for location of a penal colony, and decides to move to Port Jackson.
  • 1801 – John Marshall is appointed the Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1839 – In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
  • 1840 – Dumont D’Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica.
  • 1840 – Willem II becomes King of the Netherlands.
  • 1841 – Hong Kong Island is occupied by the British.
  • 1885 – L.A. Thompson patents the roller coaster.
  • 1887 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
  • 1892 – At the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, the first official basketball game is played.
  • 1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
  • 1921 – The first Constitution of Turkey is adopted, making fundamental changes in the source and exercise of sovereignty by consecrating the principle of national sovereignty.
  • 1929 – In Old Arizona, the first full-length talking film filmed outdoors, is released.
  • 1936 – Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom.
  • 1937 – Franklin Roosevelt is inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States. This is the first inauguration scheduled on January 20, following adoption of the 20th Amendment. Previous inaugurations were scheduled on March 4.
  • 1942 – World War II: Nazis at the Wannsee conference in Berlin agree on the “final solution to the Jewish problem.”
  • 1944 – World War II: The Royal Air Force drops 2,300 tons of bombs on Berlin.
  • 1945 – Hungary ends its involvement in the Second World War, agreeing to an armistice with the Allies.
  • 1954 – The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
  • 1960 – Hendrik Verwoerd announces a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic.
  • 1961 – John F. Kennedy is inaugurated.
  • 1968 – The Houston Cougars defeat the UCLA Bruins 71-69 to win the Game of the Century.
  • 1969 – The first pulsar is discovered, in the Crab Nebula.
  • 1980 – President Jimmy Carter announces US boycott of Olympics in Moscow.
  • 1980 – Super Bowl XIV-Pittsburgh Steelers-31, Los Angeles Rams-19.
  • 1981 – Iran releases 52 American hostages twenty minutes after Ronald Reagan is inaugurated as U.S. President.
  • 1985 – Super Bowl XIX-San Francisco 49’ers-38, Miami Dolphins-16.
  • 1986 – Martin Luther King, Jr., day is celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.
  • 1986 – The United Kingdom and France announce plans to construct the Channel Tunnel.
  • 1987 – Church of England envoy Terry Waite is kidnapped in Lebanon.
  • 1990 – Black January – crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.
  • 1991 – Sudan’s government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country’s Muslim north and Christian south.
  • 1992 – Air Inter Flight 148 crashes near Strasbourg, France, killing 82 passengers and 5 crew.
  • 1999 – The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use aimed especially at Internet cafés.
  • 2001 – Philippine president Joseph Estrada is ousted in the EDSA II Revolution and is succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

January 20 – Birthdays:

  • 225 – Gordian III, Roman Emperor (d. 244)
  • 1292 – Elisabeth I of Bohemia (d. 1330)
  • 1358 – Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)
  • 1435 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (d. 1490)
  • 1554 – King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • 1586 – Johann Schein, German composer (d. 1630)
  • 1664 – Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (d. 1718)
  • 1716 – King Charles III of Spain (d. 1788)
  • 1716 – Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (d. 1795)
  • 1775 – André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)
  • 1781 – Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (d. 1848)
  • 1783 – Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. 1860)
  • 1798 – Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (d. 1858)
  • 1804 – Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
  • 1812 – Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1834 – George D. Robinson, 34 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1837 – David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
  • 1855 – Ernest Chausson, French composer (d. 1899)
  • 1867 – Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Danish Nobel laureate (d. 1950)
  • 1876 – Józef Hofmann, Polish pianist (d. 1967)
  • 1878 – Finlay Currie, British actor (d. 1968)
  • 1878 – Ruth St. Denis, dancer (d. 1968)
  • 1880 – Walter W. Bacon, Governor of Delaware (d. 1962)
  • 1889 – Allan H. Loughead, American aviation pioneer (Lockheed Corporation; d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Mischa Elman, Ukrainian born violinist (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – Georg Åberg, Swedish athlete (d. 1946)
  • 1894 – Walter Piston, American composer (d. 1976)
  • 1896 – George Burns, American actor, comedian (d. 1996)
  • 1896 – Isabel Withers, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1898 – U Razak, Burmese politician (d. 1947)
  • 1899 – Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese development of television (d. 1990)
  • 1900 – Colin Clive, British actor (d. 1937)
  • 1902 – Leon Ames, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1907 – Paula Wessely, Austrian actress (d. 2000)
  • 1910 – Joy Adamson, Austrian naturalist and writer (d. 1980)
  • 1915 – Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Juan García Esquivel, Mexican bandleader (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Federico Fellini, Italian film director (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – DeForest Kelley, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author and ski jumper (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Telmo Zarraonaindía, Spanish footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Ray Anthony, American trumpeter, bandleader, songwriter and actor
  • 1923 – Nora Brockstedt, Norwegian singer
  • 1924 – Slim Whitman, American singer
  • 1925 – Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan theologian and author and politician
  • 1926 – Jamiluddin Aali, Pakistani poet, essayist and columnist
  • 1926 – Qurratulain Hyder, Indian novelist (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Patricia Neal, American actress
  • 1926 – David Tudor, American pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – Jimmy Cobb, American jazz drummer
  • 1929 – Bob Denard, French mercenary
  • 1929 – Arte Johnson, American actor
  • 1929 – Glenn “Fireball” Roberts, American race car driver (d. 1964)
  • 1930 – Edwin Eugene “Buzz” Aldrin, Jr., astronaut
  • 1931 – David Lee, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
  • 1932 – Lou Fontinato, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1933 – Ron Townson, American singer (The Fifth Dimension) (d. 2001)
  • 1934 – Tom Baker, British actor
  • 1937 – Dorothy Provine, American singer, dancer and actress
  • 1938 – William Berger, Austrian actor (d. 1993)
  • 1938 – Derek Dougan, Northern Irish footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Paul Coverdell, American politician (d. 2000)
  • 1940 – Carol Heiss, American figure skater
  • 1940 – Krishnam Raju, Indian actor and politician
  • 1941 – Pierre Lalonde, Quebec singer and television host
  • 1943 – Farhad Mehrad, Iranian musician
  • 1944 – José Luis Garci, Spanish filmmaker
  • 1945 – Robert Olen Butler, American writer
  • 1945 – Christopher Martin-Jenkins, cricket commentator and correspondent
  • 1945 – Eric Stewart, English musician and songwriter (10cc)
  • 1946 – David Lynch, American film director
  • 1947 – Cyrille Guimard, French cyclist
  • 1948 – Natan Sharansky, Russian-born physicist and politician
  • 1949 – Göran Persson, Prime Minister of Sweden
  • 1950 – Liza Goddard, British actress
  • 1950 – Edward Hirsch. American poet
  • 1950 – Chuck Lefley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1950 – Mahamane Ousmane, President of Niger
  • 1951 – Ivan Fischer, Hungarian conductor
  • 1951 – Ian Hill, British musician (Judas Priest)
  • 1952 – Paul Stanley, American musician (Kiss)
  • 1955 – Wyatt Knight, American actor
  • 1955 – Joe Doherty, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
  • 1955 – Hiromi Ota, Japanese singer
  • 1956 – Maria Larsson, Swedish politician
  • 1956 – Bill Maher, American actor, comedian, and political analyst
  • 1958 – Lorenzo Lamas, American actor
  • 1960 – Scott Thunes, American musician (Frank Zappa)
  • 1960 – Will Wright, American computer game designer
  • 1963 – James Denton, American actor
  • 1964 – Kazushige Nojima, Japanese game scenario writer
  • 1965 – Colin Calderwood, Scottish footballer
  • 1965 – Greg Kriesel, American bassist (The Offspring)
  • 1965 – Sophie, The Countess of Wessex, the wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
  • 1965 – John Michael Montgomery, American singer
  • 1965 – Anton Weissenbacher, Romanian footballer
  • 1966 – Stacey Dash, American actress
  • 1966 – Tracii Guns, American guitarist
  • 1968 – Melissa Rivers, American reporter and actress
  • 1968 – Rainn Wilson, American actor
  • 1969 – Patrick K. Kroupa, American computer hacker
  • 1969 – Nicky Wire, British Musician (Manic Street Preachers)
  • 1970 – Mitch Benn, UK comedian, songwriter, actor
  • 1970 – Kerri Kenney-Silver, American actress
  • 1970 – Skeet Ulrich, American actor
  • 1971 – Derrick Green, American singer (Sepultura)
  • 1971 – Gary Barlow, English singer, pianist, songwriter, band member of Take That and
  • producer.
  • 1971 – Brian Giles, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Princess Mathilde, Duchess of Brabant
  • 1975 – David Eckstein, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Norberto Fontana, Argentine racing driver
  • 1976 – Gretha Smit, Dutch speed skater
  • 1977 – Melody, a Belgian singer
  • 1978 – Joy Giovanni, American actress and glamour model
  • 1978 – Sonja Kesselschläger, German heptathlete
  • 1978 – Allan Søgaard, Danish footballer
  • 1979 – Rob Bourdon, American musician (Linkin Park)
  • 1979 – Asaka Kubo, Japanese gravure idol of 20th Century
  • 1979 – Will Young, British singer
  • 1980 – Matthew Tuck, Welsh guitarist (Bullet for My Valentine)
  • 1980 – Philippe Cousteau Jr. Oceanographer/Environmentalist, grandson of Jacques Cousteau
  • 1981 – Freddy Guzmán, Dominican baseball player
  • 1981 – Christine Bleakley, BBC Television Host
  • 1981 – Owen Hargreaves, English international footballer
  • 1981 – Crystal Lowe, Canadian actress
  • 1983 – Paula Taylor, English-Thai actress, model and presenter
  • 1984 – Olivia Hallinan, English Actress
  • 1984 – Toni Gonzaga, Filipina Actress and Singer

January 20 – Deaths:

  • 1156 – Bishop Henry, patron saint of Finland
  • 1191 – Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia (b. 1167)
  • 1479 – King John II of Aragon (b. 1397)
  • 1568 – Myles Coverdale, English Bible translator
  • 1612 – Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1552)
  • 1666 – Anna of Austria, wife of Louis XIII of France and regent (b. 1601)
  • 1707 – Humphrey Hody, English theologian (b. 1659)
  • 1709 – François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France (b. 1624)
  • 1739 – Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (b. 1659)
  • 1751 – John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician (b. 1665)
  • 1770 – Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1722)
  • 1779 – David Garrick, English actor (b. 1717)
  • 1810 – Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (b. 1722)
  • 1819 – King Charles IV of Spain (b. 1748)
  • 1848 – Christian VIII of Denmark (b. 1786)
  • 1850 – Adam Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (b. 1779)
  • 1873 – The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
  • 1875 – Jean-François Millet, French painter (b. 1814)
  • 1891 – David Kalakaua, King of Hawaii (b. 1836)
  • 1900 – John Ruskin, art critic (b. 1819)
  • 1901 – Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (b. 1826)
  • 1920 – Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (b. 1876)
  • 1936 – King George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1865)
  • 1940 – Omar Bundy, U.S. army general (b. 1861)
  • 1944 – James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
  • 1947 – Josh Gibson, African-American baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 1954 – Fred Root, English cricketer (b. 1890)
  • 1962 – Robinson Jeffers, American poet (b. 1887)
  • 1965 – Alan Freed, American disk jockey (b. 1922)
  • 1971 – Gilbert M. ‘Broncho Billy’ Anderson, American actor, director, writer, and producer (b. 1880)
  • 1973 – Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (b. 1885)
  • 1979 – Gustav Winckler, Danish singer (b. 1925)
  • 1983 – Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (b. 1933)
  • 1984 – Johnny Weissmuller, American swimmer and actor (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Pashtun Nationalist & non-violent freedom fighter (b. 1890)
  • 1988 – Dora Stratou, Greek choreographer and folklorist (b. 1903)
  • 1989 – Alamgir Kabir, Bangladeshi film director (b. 1938)
  • 1990 – Hayedeh, Persian singer (b. 1942)
  • 1990 – Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Audrey Hepburn, Anglo-Dutch actress (b. 1929)
  • 1994 – Sir Matt Busby, Scottish football player and coach (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Gerry Mulligan, American musician (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Curt Flood, baseball player (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Bobo Brazil, American professional wrestler (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – Carrie Hamilton, actress and singer (b. 1963)
  • 2003 – Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (b. 1903)
  • 2003 – Nedra Volz, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Bill Werbeniuk, Canadian snooker player (b. 1947)
  • 2004 – Guinn Smith, American athlete (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Per Borten, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Roland Frye, American literary critic and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Jan Nowak-Jezioranski, Polish journalist, writer, and politician (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Miriam Louisa Rothschild, British zoologist, entomologist, and author (b. 1908)

January 20 – Holidays:

  • Presidential Inauguration Day in the United States, held every four years since 1937.
  • Astrology: First day of sun sign Aquarius.
  • Ati-Atihan Festival in the Philippines
  • Sinulog Festival in the Philippines (2008)
  • Religious feasts:
    • Feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
      • Sebastian
      • Saint Fabian
      • Euthymius the Great
      • Desiderius
      • Meinrad
  • The Eve of St. Agnes
  • Abadios

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On This Day in HIstory January 19

January 19 – Events:

  • 1419 – Hundred Years’ War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy.
  • 1493 – France cedes Roussillon & Cerdagne to Spain by treaty of Barcelona.
  • 1511 – Mirandola surrenders to the French.
  • 1520 – Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden, was mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund.
  • 1764 – John Wilkes is expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.
  • 1788 – Second group of ships of the First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay.
  • 1795 – Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands. End of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
  • 1806 – The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope.
  • 1812 – Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
  • 1817 – An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
  • 1825 – Ezra Daggett & nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans.
  • 1829 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust Part 1 premieres.
  • 1839 – The British East India Company captures Aden.
  • 1840 – Captain Charles Wilkes circumnavigates Antarctica, claiming what became known as Wilkes Land for the United States.
  • 1853 – Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Il Trovatore premieres in Rome.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs – The Confederacy suffers its first significant defeat in the conflict.
  • 1871 – Franco-Prussian War: Battle of St. Quentin is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1883 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.
  • 1893 – Henrik Ibsen’s play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin.
  • 1898 – Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in first intercollegiate hockey game.
  • 1899 – Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed.
  • 1915 – Georges Claude patents the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.
  • 1915 – World War I: German zeppelins bomb the cities of Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn in the United Kingdom killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.
  • 1917 – German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann sends the Zimmermann Telegram to Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance against the United States.
  • 1917 – Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.
  • 1918 – Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
  • 1920 – The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.
  • 1935 – Coopers Inc. sells the world’s first briefs.
  • 1937 – Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
  • 1937 – Cy Young, Tris Speaker & Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • 1939 – Ernest Hausen of Wisconsin sets chicken-plucking record 4.4 seconds.
  • 1941 – World War II: British troops attack Italian-held Eritrea.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet forces liberate the ghetto of Lódz. Out of 230,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived Nazi occupation.
  • 1946 – General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
  • 1949 – Cuba recognizes Israel.
  • 1952 – PGA approves allowing black participants.
  • 1953 – Jesse Owens named Illinois Athletic Commission secretary.
  • 1953 – 68% of all television sets in the United States are tuned in to I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth.
  • 1955 – “The Millionaire” TV program premiers on CBS.
  • 1955 – First Presidential news conference filmed for TV (Eisenhower).
  • 1961 – First episode for “The Dick Van Dyke Show” is filmed.
  • 1966 – Indira Gandhi is elected Prime Minister of India.
  • 1969 – Student Jan Palach dies after setting himself on fire 3 days earlier in Prague’s Wenceslas Square to protest the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union in 1968. His funeral turned into another major protest.
  • 1971 – The revival of No, No, Nanette premieres at the 46th Street Theatre, in New York City.
  • 1972 – Sandy Koufax, Yogi Berra, & Early Wynn elected to Hall of Fame.
  • 1974 – Notre Dame beats UCLA, ends NCAA-record 88-game basketball win streak.
  • 1975 – Triple J begins broadcasting in Sydney, Australia.
  • 1977 – President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D’Aquino (a.k.a. “Tokyo Rose”).
  • 1977 – Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the history of the city that snowfall has occurred. It also fell in the Bahamas.
  • 1978 – The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW’s plant in Emden.  Beetle production in Latin America would continue until 2003.
  • 1981 – Iran Hostage Crisis: United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
  • 1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia.
  • 1983 – The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced.
  • 1991 – The Party of the Alliance of Youth, Workers and Farmers of Angola is founded in Luanda, Angola.
  • 1992 – Decree time is restored in Russia after its previous abolition in March 1991. 
  • 1997 – Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron after more than 30 years and joins celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
  • 2006 – Terrorist blows himself up in Tel Aviv, killing only himself but injuring 20 people, one of them seriously.
  • 2006 – A Slovak Air Force Antonov An-24 crashes in Hungary.
  • 2006 – The New Horizons probe is launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.
  • 2006 – Jet Airways announces its purchase of Air Sahara, creating the largest domestic airline in India.

January 19 – Birthdays:

  • 399 – Pulcheria, Byzantine empress (d. 453)
  • 1544 – King Francis II of France (d. 1560)
  • 1736 – James Watt, Scottish inventor (d. 1819)
  • 1739 – Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect (d. 1808)
  • 1757 – Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)
  • 1807 – Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general (d. 1870)
  • 1808 – Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (d. 1887)
  • 1809 – Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet (d. 1849)
  • 1813 – Sir Henry Bessemer, English inventor (d. 1898)
  • 1832 – Ferdinand Laub, Czech violinist (d. 1875)
  • 1833 – Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (d. 1872)
  • 1839 – Paul Cézanne, French painter (d. 1906)
  • 1848 – John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1851 – Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (d. 1922)
  • 1863 – Werner Sombart, German sociologist (d. 1941)
  • 1878 – Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934)
  • 1879 – Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1887 – Alexander Woollcott, American intellectual (d. 1943)
  • 1892 – Ólafur Thors, Icelandic politician (d. 1964)
  • 1905 – Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1909 – Hans Hotter, German bass-baritone (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Leonid Kantorovich, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
  • 1913 – “Minnesota Fats”, American billiards player (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Bob Gerard, British racing driver (d. 1990)
  • 1917 – John Raitt, American singer and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – John H. Johnson, American publisher (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian United Nations Secretary General
  • 1921 – “Billy Batts” Devino, American gangster (d. 1970)
  • 1921 – Patricia Highsmith, American author (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Guy Madison, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Jean Stapleton, American actress
  • 1924 – Nicholas Colasanto, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Jean-François Revel, French author (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Fritz Weaver, American actor
  • 1930 – Tippi Hedren, American actress
  • 1931 – Robert MacNeil, Canadian journalist
  • 1932 – Richard Lester, British director
  • 1936 – Ziaur Rahman, President of Bangladesh (d. 1981)
  • 1939 – Phil Everly, American musician
  • 1940 – Paolo Borsellino, Italian magistrate (d. 1992)
  • 1940 – Mike Reid, English comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1941 – Tony Anholt, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1941 – Colin Gunton, British theologian (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Michael Crawford, British singer and actor
  • 1943 – Janis Joplin, American singer (d. 1970)
  • 1943 – Petchara Chaowarat, Thai film actress
  • 1943 – Larry Clark, American film director
  • 1943 – Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
  • 1944 – Shelley Fabares, American actress
  • 1944 – Laurie London, English singer
  • 1944 – Peter Lynch, American investor
  • 1944 – Dan Reeves, American football coach
  • 1946 – Julian Barnes, English author
  • 1946 – Dolly Parton, American singer and actress
  • 1947 – Ann Compton, American news reporter
  • 1947 – Paula Deen, American chef and restaurateur
  • 1947 – Rod Evans, British musician (Deep Purple)
  • 1948 – Frank McKenna, Canadian politician
  • 1949 – Robert Palmer, English singer and guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Dennis Taylor, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1950 – Sébastien Dhavernas, Quebec actor
  • 1950 – Grant Nordman, Canadian politician
  • 1951 – Dewey Bunnell, American singer and songwriter (America)
  • 1953 – Desi Arnaz, Jr., American actor
  • 1953 – Linda Hayden, English actress
  • 1953 – Richard Legendre, Canadian politician
  • 1954 – Ted DiBiase, American professional wrestler
  • 1954 – Katey Sagal, American actress
  • 1954 – Cindy Sherman, American artist
  • 1954 – Katharina Thalbach, German actress and film director
  • 1955 – Simon Rattle, English conductor
  • 1955 – Paul Rodriguez, Mexican-born actor and comedian
  • 1956 – Carman Licciardello, American Christian singer
  • 1957 – Kenneth McClintock, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1962 – Hans Daams, Dutch cyclist
  • 1963 – Michael Adams, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Martin Bashir, Pakistani-born reporter
  • 1963 – Caron Wheeler, British singer (Soul II Soul)
  • 1964 – Janine Antoni, Bahamian artist
  • 1964 – Ricardo Arjona, Guatemalan singer
  • 1966 – Floris Jan Bovelander, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1966 – Sylvain Côté, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Stefan Edberg, Swedish tennis player
  • 1966 – Lena Philipsson, Swedish singer
  • 1967 – Javier Cámara, Spanish actor
  • 1969 – Edwidge Danticat, Haitian-born American author
  • 1969 – Predrag Mijatovic, Yugoslavian footballer
  • 1969 – Junior Seau, American football player
  • 1969 – Steve Staunton, Irish footballer
  • 1969 – Luc Longley, Australian basketball player
  • 1970 – Udo Suzuki, Japanese comedian
  • 1971 – Shawn Wayans, American actor and producer
  • 1971 – John Wozniak, American singer and songwriter (Marcy Playground)
  • 1972 – Joana Benedek, Mexican actress
  • 1972 – Elena Kaliská, Slovak slalom canoer
  • 1972 – Ron Killings, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1972 – Troy Wilson, Australian racing driver and AFL player
  • 1973 – Drea de Matteo, American actress
  • 1973 – Antero Manninen, Finnish Cellist
  • 1974 – Frank Caliendo, American comedian
  • 1974 – Ian Laperrière, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Jaime Moreno, Bolivian footballer
  • 1976 – Tarso Marques, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1977 – Lauren Etame Mayer, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1977 – Nicole, Chilean singer
  • 1977 – Cocco, Ryukyuan singer
  • 1979 – Svetlana Khorkina, Russian gymnast
  • 1979 – Josu Sarriegi, Spanish/Basque footballer
  • 1979 – Wiley, English Rapper (Grime)
  • 1980 – Jenson Button, English Formula One driver
  • 1981 – Asier Del Horno, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Lucho González, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Angela Chang, Taiwanese singer and actress
  • 1982 – Mike Komisarek, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Jodie Sweetin, American child actress
  • 1983 – Utada Hikaru, American-born Japanese singer and songwriter
  • 1984 – Karun Chandhok, Indian racing driver
  • 1984 – Thomas Vanek, Austrian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Benny Feilhaber, American soccer player
  • 1985 – Esteban Guerrieri, Argentine racing driver
  • 1985 – Rika Ishikawa, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1987 – Edgar Manucharyan, Armenian footballer
  • 1991 – Erin Sanders, American child actress

January 19 – Deaths:

  • 639 – Dagobert I, King of the Franks (c. 603)
  • 1526 – Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (b. 1501)
  • 1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, English poet (b. 1517)
  • 1576 – Hans Sachs, German Meistersinger (b. 1494)
  • 1661 – Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (b. 1799)
  • 1729 – William Congreve, English playwright (b. 1670)
  • 1757 – Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • 1766 – Giovanni Niccolo Servandoni, Italian-born French architect and painter (b. 1695)
  • 1785 – Jonathan Toup, English classical scholar and critic (b. 1713)
  • 1833 – Louis Joseph Ferdinand Herold, French composer (b. 1791)
  • 1847 – Charles Bent, New Mexico pioneer (assassinated)
  • 1851 – Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (b. 1805)
  • 1865 – Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
  • 1869 – Carl Reichenbach, German chemist and philosopher (b. 1788)
  • 1874 – August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, German poet (b. 1798)
  • 1878 – Henri Victor Regnault French physicist and chemist (b. 1810)
  • 1905 – Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
  • 1927 – Empress Carlotta of Mexico (b. 1840)
  • 1929 – Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (b. 1873)
  • 1939 – Cliff Heathcote, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1948 – Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • 1954 – Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (b. 1885)
  • 1957 – József Dudás, Romanian/Hungarian resistance fighter (b. 1912)
  • 1964 – Firmin Lambot, Belgian cyclist (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – Ray Harroun, American race car driver (b. 1879)
  • 1969 – Jan Palach, Czech student and political activist (suicide) (b. 1948)
  • 1971 – Harry Shields, American musician (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Michael Rabin, American violinist (b. 1936)
  • 1973 – Max Adrian, Northern Irish actor (b. 1903)
  • 1975 – Thomas Hart Benton, American painter (b. 1889)
  • 1980 – William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1898)
  • 1982 – Elis Regina, Brazilian singer (b. 1945)
  • 1984 – Max Bentley, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1920)
  • 1990 – Rajneesh, Indian religious leader (b. 1931)
  • 1990 – Semprini, English musician (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – Herbert Wehner, German politician (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – John Russell, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Marcel Chaput, Quebec politician (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Gene MacLellan, Canadian composer and singer (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Don Simpson, American film producer (b. 1943)
  • 1997 – James Dickey, American writer (b. 1923)
  • 1997 – Adriana Caselotti, American actress (b 1916)
  • 1998 – Carl Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Ivan Francescato, Italian rugby union footballer (b. 1967)
  • 2000 – Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1934)
  • 2000 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian-born actress (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Dario Vittori, Argentinean actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Françoise Giroud, French writer and journalist (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Harry E. Claiborne, American judge (suicide) (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – David Hookes, Australian cricketer and coach (b. 1955)
  • 2005 – Bill Andersen, New Zealand communist and trade union leader (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – K. Sello Duiker, South African novelist (b. 1974)
  • 2006 – Anthony Franciosa, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Wilson Pickett, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Geoff Rabone, New Zealand cricket player (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Scott “Bam Bam” Bigelow, American professional wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 2007 – Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Denny Doherty, Canadian singer (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1940)
  • 2007 – Murat Nasyrov, Russian singer and composer (b. 1969)
  • 2008 – Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (b. 1937)
  • 2008 – John Stewart, American musician (The Kingston Trio) (b. 1939)
  • 2008 – Don Wittman, Canadian sportscaster for CBC (b. 1936)

January 19 – Holidays:

  • Confederate Heroes Day in Texas.
  • The Poe Toaster commemorates the birthday of Edgar Allan Poe at his grave in Baltimore.
  • Religious feasts:
    • Maris, Martha, Abachum and Audifax
    • Canute IV of Denmark
    • Henry of Uppsala
    • Wulfstan, Bishop of Worcester
    • Eastern and Oriental Orthodoxy — Julian Calendar Theophany (Epiphany).
    • St. Mark of Ephesus feast day.

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