On This Day in History February 20

February 20 – Events:

  • 1472 – Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.
  • 1547 – Edward VI of England is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey.
  • 1792 – The Postal Service Act, establishing the United States Post Office Department, is signed by President George Washington.
  • 1798 – Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power.
  • 1810 – Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon’s forces, was executed.
  • 1816 – Gioachino Rossini’s The Barber of Seville debuts at Teatro Argentina, with a fiasco.
  • 1835 – Concepción, Chile is destroyed by an earthquake.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Olustee occurs – the largest battle fought in Florida during the war.
  • 1872 – In New York City the Metropolitan Museum of Art opens.
  • 1873 – The University of California opens its first medical school in San Francisco, California.
  • 1901 – The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time.
  • 1909 – Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro.
  • 1913 – King O’Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
  • 1931 – California gets the go-ahead by the U.S. Congress to build the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.
  • 1933 – The Congress of the United States proposes the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution, which would end Prohibition in the United States.
  • 1935 – Caroline Mikkelsen becomes the first woman to set foot in Antarctica.
  • 1942 – Lieutenant Edward O’Hare becomes America’s first World War II flying ace.
  • 1943 – American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
  • 1943 – The Parícutin volcano begins to form in Parícutin, Mexico.
  • 1944 – World War II: The “Big Week” ended with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
  • 1944 – World War II: The United States takes Eniwetok Island.
  • 1944 – Batman & Robin comic strip premiers in newspapers.
  • 1947 – State of Prussia ceases to exist.
  • 1952 – Emmett Ashford becomes the first African-American umpire in organized baseball by being authorized to be a substitute umpire in the Southwestern International League.
  • 1959 – The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.
  • 1962 – Mercury program: While aboard Friendship 7, John Glenn orbits the earth three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes, becoming the first American to orbit the earth.
  • 1965 – Ranger 8 crashes into the moon after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo program astronauts.
  • 1976 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands.
  • 1986 – Soviets launch Mir.
  • 1987 – Unabomber: In Salt Lake City, Utah, a bomb explodes in a computer store.
  • 1989 – Total eclipse of the Moon.
  • 1991 – A gigantic statue of Albania’s long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital, Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.
  • 1992 – The FA Premier League is founded.
  • 1998 – American figure skater Tara Lipinski becomes the youngest gold medalist at the Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.
  • 2002 – In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire on a train injures over 65 and kills at least 370.
  • 2005 – Spain becomes the first country to vote in a referendum on ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union, passing it by a substantial margin, but on a low turnout.

February 20 – Birthdays:

  • 1631 – Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, English statesman (d. 1712)
  • 1745 – Henry James Pye, English poet (d. 1813)
  • 1751 – Johann Heinrich Voß, German poet (d. 1826)
  • 1753 – Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (d. 1815)
  • 1757 – John ‘Mad Jack’ Fuller, English philanthropist (d. 1834)
  • 1794 – William Carleton, Irish novelist (d. 1869)
  • 1802 – Charles de Bériot, Belgian violinist (d. 1870)
  • 1819 – Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (d. 1882)
  • 1839 – Benjamin Waugh, American minister; founder of the NSPCC (d. 1908)
  • 1844 – Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1844 – Joshua Slocum, Canadian seaman and adventurer (d. 1909)
  • 1848 – Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad executive (d. 1909)
  • 1850 – Nérée Beauchemin, Canadian physician and poet (d. 1931)
  • 1866 – Carl Westman, Swedish architect and designer (d. 1936)
  • 1867 – Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (d. 1931)
  • 1918 – Leonore Annenberg American Billionaire
  • 1880 – Jacques d’Adelswärd-Fersen, French aristocrat and novelist (d. 1923)
  • 1887 – Vincent Massey, Governor-General of Canada (d. 1967)
  • 1888 – Georges Bernanos, French writer (d. 1948)
  • 1893 – Russel Crouse, American playwright (d. 1966)
  • 1898 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian automobile manufacturer, designer and racing car driver (d. 1988)
  • 1898 – Jimmy Yancey, American pianist (d. 1951)
  • 1899 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman (d. 1992)
  • 1901 – Cecil Harmsworth King, English newspaper owner (d. 1987)
  • 1901 – Muhammad Naguib, President of Egypt (d. 1984)
  • 1902 – Ansel Adams, American photographer (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Alexei Kosygin, Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Gale Gordon, American television and radio actor (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Malcolm Atterbury, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Pierre Boulle, French author (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – John Daly, South African-born broadcaster (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Evgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (d. 1991)
  • 1923 – Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Gloria Vanderbilt, American socialite and clothing designer
  • 1925 – Robert Altman, American film director (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Heinz Kluncker, German trade union leader
  • 1926 – Richard Matheson, American author
  • 1927 – Roy Cohn, American lawyer (d. 1986)
  • 1927 – Ibrahim Ferrer, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Sidney Poitier, American actor
  • 1929 – Amanda Blake, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – Willie Cunningham, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1934 – Bobby Unser, American racing driver
  • 1936 – Marj Dusay, American actress
  • 1936 – Larry Hovis, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Shigeo Nagashima, Japanese baseball player and coach
  • 1937 – Robert Huber, German chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 – Roger Penske, American racing driver, race team owner and entrepreneur
  • 1937 – Nancy Wilson, American singer
  • 1938 – Richard Beymer, American actor
  • 1939 – Frank Arundel, English footballer
  • 1940 – Jimmy Greaves, English footballer
  • 1941 – Buffy Sainte-Marie, Canadian singer
  • 1942 – Phil Esposito, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1942 – Charlie Gillett, British radio DJ
  • 1942 – Mitch McConnell, American politician
  • 1942 – Claude Miller, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Antonio Inoki, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1943 – Mike Leigh, British film director
  • 1944 – Robert de Cotret, French Canadian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1944 – Willem van Hanegem, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1945 – Andrew Bergman, American screenwriter and film director
  • 1945 – Brion James, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1945 – Annu Kapoor, Indian actor
  • 1946 – Brenda Blethyn, English actress
  • 1946 – Richard Cocciante, French-Italian singer and songwriter
  • 1946 – Sandy Duncan, American singer and actress
  • 1946 – J. Geils, American guitarist (The J. Geils Band)
  • 1947 – André van Duin, Dutch comedian
  • 1947 – Eggert Magnusson, Icelandic football executive
  • 1947 – Peter Osgood, English footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1947 – Peter Strauss, American actor
  • 1948 – Pierre Bouchard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1948 – Jennifer O’Neill, Brazilian-born actress
  • 1949 – Ivana Trump, Czech-born American socialite
  • 1950 – Walter Becker, American guitarist (Steely Dan)
  • 1950 – Ken Shimura, Japanese performer and actor
  • 1950 – Tony Wilson, British journalist and impresario (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – Edward Albert, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1951 – Gordon Brown, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1951 – Randy California, American guitarist (Spirit) (d. 1997)
  • 1951 – Phil Neal, English footballer
  • 1953 – Riccardo Chailly, Italian conductor
  • 1953 – Poison Ivy, American musician (The Cramps)
  • 1954 – Jon Brant, American musician (Cheap Trick)
  • 1954 – Anthony Stewart Head, English actor
  • 1954 – Patty Hearst, American socialite
  • 1956 – Rick Green, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1957 – Glen Hanlon, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1957 – Charlie Adler, American voice actor
  • 1959 – Bill Gullickson, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Joel Hodgson, American comedian (Mystery Science Theater 3000)
  • 1960 – Kee Marcello, Swedish guitarist
  • 1962 – Kenn Nesbitt, American children’s author
  • 1963 – Charles Barkley, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Ian Brown, English singer (The Stone Roses)
  • 1963 – Jon Lynn Christensen, former Nebraska Congressman
  • 1963 – Marilisa Xenogiannakopoulou, Greek politician
  • 1964 – French Stewart, American actor
  • 1964 – Rodney Rowland, American actor
  • 1966 – Cindy Crawford, American model
  • 1967 – Kurt Cobain, American musician (Nirvana) (d. 1994)
  • 1967 – Katherine Soucie, American voice actress
  • 1967 – Andrew Shue, American television actor
  • 1967 – Lili Taylor, American actress
  • 1968 – Ted Hankey, English darts player
  • 1969 – Vaginal Davis, American drag queen and performance artist
  • 1969 – Gedo, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Danis Tanovic, Bosnian film director and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Tommy Vardell, National Football League fullback
  • 1971 – Jari Litmanen, Finnish footballer
  • 1971 – Shawn McKenzie, American programmer
  • 1972 – Brent Gretzky, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – K-OS, Canadian musician/rapper
  • 1974 – Ophelie Winter, French actress
  • 1975 – Liván Hernández, Cuban baseball player
  • 1975 – Brian Littrell, American singer (Backstreet Boys)
  • 1976 – Rohan Gavaskar, Left-handed batsman, India ODI 2004 (son of Sunil Gavaskar)
  • 1976 – Ed Graham, English drummer (The Darkness)
  • 1976 – Gail Kim, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Bartosz Kizierowski, Polish swimmer
  • 1977 – Stephon Marbury, American basketball player
  • 1977 – T.J. Slaughter, American football player
  • 1978 – Lauren Ambrose, American actress
  • 1978 – Jakki Degg, English glamour model/actress
  • 1978 – Jay Hernandez, American actor
  • 1978 – Julia Jentsch, German actress
  • 1980 – Artur Boruc, Polish footballer
  • 1980 – Massimo Donati, Italian footballer
  • 1980 – Imanol Harinordoquy, French rugby union footballer
  • 1981 – Tony Hibbert, English footballer
  • 1981 – Chris Thile, American musician
  • 1982 – Jason Hirsh, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Jose Morales, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1983 – Justin Verlander, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Ryan Sweeney, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Yulia Volkova, Russian singer (t.A.T.u.)
  • 1986 – Dilaver Güçlü, Turkish footballer
  • 1988 – Rihanna, Barbadian singer
  • 1989 – Melanie Leishman, Canadian actress

February 20 – Deaths:

  • 702 – K’inich Kan B’alam II, king of the Maya state of Palenque (b. 635)
  • 1154 – Saint Wulfric of Haselbury Plucknett
  • 1171 – Conan IV, Duke of Brittany (b. 1138)
  • 1194 – King Tancred of Sicily
  • 1258 – Al-Musta’sim, last Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad
  • 1408 – Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, English statesman (b. 1342)
  • 1431 – Pope Martin V (b. 1368)
  • 1524 – Tecún Umán, last leader of the Quiché-Maya
  • 1579 – Nicholas Bacon, English politician (b. 1509)
  • 1618 – Philip William, Prince of Orange (b. 1554)
  • 1626 – John Dowland, English composer and lutenist (b. 1563)
  • 1762 – Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (b. 1723)
  • 1771 – Jean Jacques d’Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist (b. 1678)
  • 1773 – King Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (b. 1701)
  • 1778 – Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (b. 1711)
  • 1790 – Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1741)
  • 1803 – Marie Dumesnil, French actress (b. 1713)
  • 1806 – Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725)
  • 1810 – Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean national hero (executed) (b. 1767)
  • 1871 – Paul Kane, Irish-born painter (b. 1810)
  • 1893 – P.G.T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (b. 1818)
  • 1895 – Frederick Douglass, American abolitionist writer (b. 1818)
  • 1905 – Jeremiah W. Farnham, American merchant captain
  • 1907 – Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1916 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1844)
  • 1920 – Robert Peary, American explorer (b. 1856)
  • 1941 – La Bolduc, French Canadian singer and songwriter (b. 1894)
  • 1961 – Percy Grainger, Australian composer (b. 1882)
  • 1963 – Ferenc Fricsay, Hungarian conductor (b. 1914)
  • 1963 – Jacob Gade, Danish Composer(b. 1879)
  • 1966 – Chester Nimitz, American admiral (b. 1885)
  • 1968 – Anthony Asquith, British film director and writer (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor (b. 1883)
  • 1970 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1972 – Walter Winchell, American journalist (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – René Cassin, French judge, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1887)
  • 1976 – Kathryn Kuhlman, American evangelist (b. 1907)
  • 1981 – Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg, magazine editor, socialite (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Fritz Köberle, Austrian-Brazilian physician (b. 1910)
  • 1985 – Clarence “Ducky” Nash, American voice actor (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – Roberto D’Aubuisson, Salvadoran politician (b. 1944)
  • 1992 – Dick York, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1993 – Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Solomon Asch, American psychologist (b. 1907)
  • 1996 – Toru Takemitsu, Japanese composer (b. 1930)
  • 1997 – Zachary Breaux, American jazz guitarist (b. 1960)
  • 1999 – Sarah Kane, English playwright (b. 1971)
  • 1999 – Gene Siskel, American film critic (b. 1946)
  • 2000 – Anatoly Sobchak, Russian politician (b. 1937)
  • 2001 – Rosemary DeCamp, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Maurice Blanchot, French author (b. 1907)
  • 2003 – Orville Freeman, American politician (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Harry Jacunski, American football player
  • 2003 – Ty Longley, American guitarist (Great White) (b. 1971)
  • 2003 – Mushaf Ali Mir, Pakistani Chief of the Air Staff (b. 1947)
  • 2005 – Pam Bricker, American jazz singer and Thievery Corporation vocalist (b. 1954)
  • 2005 – Sandra Dee, American actress (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – John Raitt, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Tom Willmore, English geometer (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Curt Gowdy, American sportscaster (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – F. Albert Cotton, American chemist (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Emily Perry, English Actress (b. 1907)

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On This Day in History February 19

February 19 – Events:

  • 197 – Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum, the bloodiest battle between Roman armies.
  • 1594 – Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
  • 1600 – The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America.
  • 1674 – England and the Netherlands sign the Peace of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York.
  • 1700 – Last day of the Julian calendar in Denmark.
  • 1797 – One-third of papal domain ceded to France.
  • 1803 – Congress accepts Ohio’s constitution, statehood not ratified until 1953.
  • 1807 – In Alabama, Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is arrested for treason and confined to FortStoddart.
  • 1819 – British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
  • 1846 – In Austin, Texas the newly-formed Texas state government is officially installed. The Republic of Texas government officially transfers power to the State of Texas government following Texas’ annexation by the United States.
  • 1847 – The Donner Party is rescued.
  • 1852 – The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at JeffersonCollege in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1861 – Serfdom is abolished in Russia.
  • 1864 – Knights of Pythias are founded in Washington, DC by Justus H. Rathbone.
  • 1878 – The phonograph is patented by Thomas Edison.
  • 1881 – Kansas becomes the first U.S. state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
  • 1915 – World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli begins. Plans for mutiny in the British Indian army, the Ghadar Conspiracy, are uncovered in India.
  • 1934 – Bob & Dolores Hope marry.
  • 1937 – During a public ceremony at the ViceregalPalace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Afrika Korps, the corps-level headquarters controlling the German Panzer divisions in North Africa, is formed.
  • 1942 – World War II: nearly 250 Japanese warplanes attack the northern Australian city of  Darwin killing 243 people.
  • 1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese-Americans to Japanese internment camps.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of the KasserinePass in Tunisia begins.
  • 1945 – World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima – about 30,000 United States Marines land on Iwo Jima.
  • 1949 – Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and YaleUniversity.
  • 1953 – Censorship: Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
  • 1959 – The United Kingdom grants Cyprus its independence, which is then on formally proclaimed on August 16, 1960.
  • 1963 – USSR informs JFK they are withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba.
  • 1965 – NFL adds 6th official.
  • 1970 – AL Cy Young winner Denny McLain suspended for bookmaking.
  • 1978 – Egyptian forces raid LarnacaInternationalAirport, in an attempt to intervene in a hijacking situation, without authorisation from the Republic of Cyprus authorities. The Cypriot National Guard and Police forces kill 15 Egyptian commandos and destroy the Egyptian C-130 transport plane in open combat.
  • 1985 – Artificial heart recipient William J. Schroeder becomes the first such patient to leave hospital.
  • 1985 – Iberia Airlines Boeing 727 crashes into MountOiz in Spain, killing 148.
  • 1986 – The Soviet Union launches the Mir space station.
  • 2001 – An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
  • 2002 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
  • 2004 – Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a “lifetime of service to humanity.”
  • 2007 – Three Salvadoran deputies to the Central American Parliament and their driver are murdered in Guatemala.

February 19 – Birthdays:

  • 1473 – Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543)
  • 1526 – Charles de L’Ecluse, Flemish botanist (d. 1609)
  • 1552 – Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (d. 1630)
  • 1630 – Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire (d. 1680)
  • 1660 – Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
  • 1717 – David Garrick, British actor (d. 1779)
  • 1722 – Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (d. 1774)
  • 1743 – Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer (d. 1805)
  • 1780 – Richard McCarty, American politician (d. 1844)
  • 1802 – Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1881)
  • 1804 – Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)
  • 1804 – David Wark, Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • 1821 – August Schleicher, German linguist (d. 1868)
  • 1833 – Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1906)
  • 1859 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1927)
  • 1865 – Sven Hedin, Swedish explorer (d. 1952)
  • 1876 – Constantin Brancusi, Romanian sculptor (d. 1957)
  • 1877 – Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
  • 1880 – Alvaro Obregon, Mexican president (d. 1928)
  • 1888 – José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (d. 1928)
  • 1893 – Sir Cedric Hardwicke, British actor (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Louis Calhern, American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – André Breton, French poet (d. 1966)
  • 1897 – Alma Rubens, American actress (d. 1931)
  • 1899 – Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (d. 1960)
  • 1902 – Kay Boyle, American writer (d. 1992)
  • 1904 – Havank, Dutch writer (d. 1964)
  • 1911 – Merle Oberon, British actress (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Saul Chaplin, American composer (d. 1997)
  • 1913 – Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, pretender to the Brazilian throne (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Jacques Dufilho, French comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Eddie Arcaro, American jockey (d. 1997)
  • 1917 – Carson McCullers, American author (d. 1967)
  • 1920 – C. Z. Guest, American socialite (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – George Rose, British music hall entertainer (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – David Bronstein, Ukrainian chess player (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Lee Marvin, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Bruce Norris, American ice hockey executive (d. 1986)
  • 1929 – Jacques Deray, French film director (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – John Frankenheimer, American film director (d. 2002)
  • 1934 – Carole Eastman, American screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1936 – Sam Myers, American musician and songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1936 – Marin Sorescu, Romanian writer and novelist (d. 1997)
  • 1937 – Robert “Bilbo” Walker Jr., American blues guitarist
  • 1939 – Gwen Taylor, English actress
  • 1940 – Saparmurat Niyazov, President of Turkmenistan (d. 2006)
  • 1940 – Smokey Robinson, American singer
  • 1941 – David Gross, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Paul Krause, American football player
  • 1943 – Lou Christie, American singer
  • 1943 – Homer Hickam, American author and retired NASA engineer
  • 1943 – Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 – Michael Nader, American actor
  • 1946 – Paul Dean, Canadian guitarist (Loverboy)
  • 1946 – Peter Hudson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1946 – Karen Silkwood, American activist (d. 1974)
  • 1947 – Tim Shadbolt, mayor of Invercargill, New Zealand
  • 1948 – Mark Andes, American musician
  • 1948 – Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician (d. 2002)
  • 1948 – Big John Studd, American professional wrestler (d. 1995)
  • 1949 – Dan Bunten, American software developer (d. 1998)
  • 1949 – William Messner-Loebs, American comics writer
  • 1950 – Andy Powell, British musician
  • 1951 – Stephen Nichols, American actor
  • 1951 – Tahir-ul-Qadri, Pakistani Islamic scholar
  • 1952 – Amy Tan, American novelist
  • 1952 – Rodolfo Neri Vela, Mexican astronaut
  • 1953 – Massimo Troisi, Italian actor (d. 1994)
  • 1953 – Cristina Elisabet Fernández – Argentinian politician
  • 1954 – Socrates, Brazilian footballer
  • 1955 – Jeff Daniels, American actor
  • 1956 – Kathleen Beller, American actress
  • 1956 – Roderick MacKinnon, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1956 – Dave Wakeling, English musician (English Beat, General Public)
  • 1957 – Falco, Austrian singer (d. 1998)
  • 1957 – Ray Winstone, British actor
  • 1958 – Helen Fielding, English writer
  • 1960 – Andrew, Duke of York
  • 1960 – Leslie Ash, English actress
  • 1961 – Justin Fashanu, English footballer (d. 1998)
  • 1961 – Andy Wallace, English race car driver
  • 1962 – Hana Mandlíková, Czech tennis player
  • 1962 – John Laroche, American orchid poacher
  • 1963 – Laurell K. Hamilton, American writer
  • 1963 – Seal, English singer
  • 1964 – Dmitri Lipskerov, Russian writer
  • 1964 – Sonu Walia, Indian actress
  • 1966 – Justine Bateman, American actress
  • 1966 – Paul Haarhuis, Dutch tennis player
  • 1966 – Enzo Scifo, Belgian footballer
  • 1967 – Benicio del Toro, Puerto Rican actor
  • 1969 – Burton C. Bell, American vocalist
  • 1971 – Miguel Batista, Dominican baseball player
  • 1971 – Gil Shaham, Israeli/American violinist
  • 1971 – Lisa McCune, Australian actress
  • 1972 – Francine, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Danny Doring, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Mikko Kavén, Finnish footballer
  • 1975 – Katja Schuurman, Dutch actress and singer
  • 1975 – Daewon Song, Korean professional skateboarder
  • 1977 – Ola Salo, Swedish singer (The Ark)
  • 1977 – Gianluca Zambrotta, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Michalis Konstantinou, Greek-Cypriot footballer
  • 1978 – Immortal Technique, American rapper
  • 1979 – Mariska, Finnish rapper
  • 1979 – Clinton Morrison, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Mariana Ochoa, Mexican singer and actress
  • 1979 – Steve Cherundolo, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Neleh Dennis, American Survivor contestant
  • 1980 – Mike Miller, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Ma Lin, Chinese table tennis player
  • 1981 – Ronnie Arniell, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Beth Ditto, American singer (The Gossip)
  • 1981 – Gil Reyes, American boxer
  • 1981 – Nicky Shorey, English footballer
  • 1981 – Vitas, Russian singer
  • 1983 – Assunta De Rossi, Filipino actress
  • 1983 – Mika Nakashima, Japanese singer/actress
  • 1984 – Chris Richardson, American Idol finalist
  • 1985 – Haylie Duff, American singer/actress
  • 1985 – Arielle Kebbel, American actress
  • 1986 – Kyle Chipchura, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Reon Kadena, Japanese model/actress
  • 1986 – Henri Karjalainen, Finnish racing driver
  • 1986 – Maria Mena, Norwegian singer
  • 1986 – Marta, Brazilian footballer

February 19 – Deaths:

  • 197 – Clodius Albinus, Roman governor of Britain
  • 440 – Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian monk, theologian and linguist
  • 1133 – Irene Ducaena, wife of Alexius I Comnenus (b. 1066)
  • 1553 – Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1511)
  • 1589 – Saint Philothei, Orthodox martyr and Patron of Athens (b. 1522)
  • 1605 – Orazio Vecchi, Italian composer (b. 1550)
  • 1602 – Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (b. 1558)
  • 1620 – Roemer Visscher, Dutch writer (b. 1547)
  • 1622 – Sir Henry Savile, English educator (b. 1549)
  • 1653 – Luigi de Rossi, Italian composer (b. 1597)
  • 1663 – Adam Adami, German bishop and diplomat (b. 1603)
  • 1670 – King Frederick III of Denmark (b. 1609)
  • 1672 – Charles Chauncy, English-born president of HarvardCollege (b. 1592)
  • 1709 – Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (b. 1646)
  • 1716 – Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (b. 1634)
  • 1789 – Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (b. 1738)
  • 1799 – Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)
  • 1806 – Elizabeth Carter, English writer (b. 1717)
  • 1837 – Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)
  • 1873 – Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1837)
  • 1887 – Multatuli, Dutch writer (b. 1820)
  • 1897 – Karl Weierstraß, German mathematician (b. 1815)
  • 1916 – Ernst Mach, Austrian-Czech physicist and philosopher (b. 1838)
  • 1927 – Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer (b. 1847)
  • 1936 – Billy Mitchell, American general and military aviation pioneer (b. 1879)
  • 1936 – Max Schreck, German actor (b. 1879)
  • 1936 – Charles Harding Firth, British historian (b. 1857)
  • 1942 – Frank Abbandando, American gangster (executed) (b. 1910)
  • 1951 – André Gide, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1952 – Knut Hamsun, Norwegian author, Nobel laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1957 – Maurice Garin, French cyclist (b. 1871)
  • 1962 – Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (b. 1883)
  • 1968 – Georg Hackenschmidt, Estonian professional wrestler (b. 1878)
  • 1969 – Madge Blake, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – John Grierson, Scottish documentary filmmaker (b. 1898)
  • 1972 – Tedd Pierce, American animator (b. 1906)
  • 1973 – Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist (b. 1892)
  • 1973 – Kostas Negrepontis, Greek footballer (b. 1897)
  • 1975 – Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (b. 1904)
  • 1977 – Mike González, Cuban baseball player (b. 1890)
  • 1977 – Anthony Crosland, British politician (b. 1918)
  • 1980 – Bon Scott, Australian musician and singer for the band AC/DC (b. 1946)
  • 1983 – Alice White, American film actress (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – Adolfo Celi, Italian actor (b. 1922)
  • 1988 – André Frédéric Cournand, French-born physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1994 – Derek Jarman, British film director (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – Antonio Creus, Spanish racecar driver (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Charles O. Finley, American sports entrepreneur (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Deng Xiaoping, Chinese Communist leader and revolutionary (b. 1904)
  • 1997 – Leo Rosten, American Yiddish writer and humorist (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Grandpa Jones, American entertainer (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite leader (assassinated)
  • 2000 – Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Priscilla Davis, American socialite (b. 1942)
  • 2001 – Stanley Kramer, American director (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Charles Trenet, French singer (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Johnny Paycheck, American singer (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Janet Blair, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Celia Franca, founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1921)
  • 2008 – Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress (b. 1945)
  • 2008 – Yegor Letov, Russian song writer and singer (b. 1964)

February 19 – Holidays:

  • Chaoflux (Discordianism)

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On This Day in History February 18

February 18 – Events:

  • 1229 – The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.
  • 1268 – The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakovor.
  • 1332 (or 1329) – Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
  • 1478 – George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London.
  • 1678 – John Bunyan’s “The Pilgrim’s Progress” is published.
  • 1685 – Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France’s claim to Texas.
  • 1797 – Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby.
  • 1814 – The Battle of Montereau occurs.
  • 1841 – The first ongoing filibuster in the United States Senate begins and lasts until March 11.
  • 1856 – The American Party (Know-Nothings) convene in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate their first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.
  • 1861 – In Montgomery, Alabama, Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1861 – With the Italian unification almost complete, King Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia assumes the title of King of Italy.
  • 1865 – Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman set the South Carolina State House on fire during the burning of Columbia.
  • 1878 – The Lincoln County War begins in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
  • 1885 – Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published for the first time.
  • 1901 – Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.
  • 1911 – The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.
  • 1913 – Raymond Poincaré becomes President of France.
  • 1915 – Germany begins a blockade of England.
  • 1922 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis resigns his judgeship to become baseball commissioner.
  • 1929 – The first Academy Awards are announced.
  • 1930 – While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.
  • 1930 – Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft.
  • 1932 – The Empire of Japan declares Manzhouguo (obsolete Chinese name for Manchuria) independent from the Republic of China.
  • 1943 – The Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose movement.
  • 1943 – Joseph Goebbels delivers the Sportpalast speech.
  • 1948 – Eamon de Valera resigns as Taoiseach of Ireland.
  • 1954 – The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1955 – The Shot Teapot-Wasp is successfully detonated at the Nevada Test Site with a yield of 1.2 kilotons. Wasp would be the first of fourteen shots of the Teapot series.
  • 1957 – Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan rebel leader is executed by the British colonial government.
  • 1960 – 8th Winter Olympic games open in Squaw Valley, California.
  • 1962 – France & Algerian Moslems negotiate truce to end 7 year war.
  • 1965 – The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1967 – Softball pitcher Eddie Feigner strikes out 6 straight major leaguers.
  • 1968 – British adopt year-round daylight savings time.
  • 1969 – The Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708 disaster occurs, killing all on board.
  • 1970 – The Chicago Seven are found not guilty of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
  • 1972 – The California Supreme Court in the case of People v. Anderson, 6 Cal.3d 628 invalidates the state’s death penalty and commutes the sentences of all death row inmates to life in prison.
  • 1977 – The Space Shuttle Enterprise test vehicle goes on its maiden “flight” while sitting on top of a Boeing 747.
  • 1978 – First Iron Man Triathlon (swim, bike ride, marathon) held, Kona, Hawaii.
  • 1979 – Miniseries “Roots: The Next Generations” premiers on ABC TV.
  • 1979 – Snow fell in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria for the first and only recorded time in history.
  • 1983 – Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee Massacre in Seattle, Washington. It is said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in U.S. history.
  • 1988 – Anthony M. Kennedy becomes a Supreme Court Justice.
  • 1991 – The IRA explodes bombs in the early morning at both Paddington station and Victoria station in London.
  • 1998 – Two white separatists are arrested in Nevada and accused of plotting a biological attack on New York City subways.
  • 2000 – Stjepan Mesic becomes the second president of Croatia.
  • 2001 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union.  He was ultimately convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
  • 2003 – Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea.
  • 2003 – Comet C/2002 V1 (NEAT) makes perihelion, seen by SOHO.
  • 2004 – Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, die near Neyshabur in Iran when a run-away freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertiliser catches fire and explodes.

February 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1374 – Saint Jadwiga of Poland, queen of Poland (d. 1399)
  • 1486 – Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint, bhakti yoga developer
  • 1516 – Queen Mary I of England (d. 1558)
  • 1530 – Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1578)
  • 1543 – Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1608)
  • 1559 – Isaac Casaubon, French classical scholar (d. 1614)
  • 1602 – Per Brahe (the younger), Swedish soldier (d. 1680)
  • 1609 – Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, English historian (d. 1674)
  • 1635 – Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1680)
  • 1642 – Marie Champmeslé, French actress (d. 1698)
  • 1658 – Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (d. 1743)
  • 1745 – Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist (d. 1827)
  • 1814 – Samuel Fenton Cary, U. S. Congressman (d. 1900)
  • 1836 – Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda (d. 1886)
  • 1838 – Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist (d. 1916)
  • 1846 – Wilson Barrett, English playwright (d. 1904)
  • 1848 – Louis Comfort Tiffany, American glass artist (d. 1933)
  • 1849 – Alexander Kielland, Norwegian author (d. 1906)
  • 1859 – Sholom Aleichem, Russian Yiddish humorist (d. 1916)
  • 1870 – William Laurel Harris, American mural painter, writer (d. 1924)
  • 1871 – Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
  • 1883 – Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek author (d. 1957)
  • 1884 – Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – George Papandreou, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1968)
  • 1890 – Edward Arnold, American actor (d. 1956)
  • 1890 – Adolphe Menjou, American actor (d. 1963)
  • 1892 – Wendell Willkie, American politician (d. 1944)
  • 1896 – Andre Breton, French writer (d. 1966)
  • 1897 – Charles Kuentz, WW1 veteran, changed nationality 4 times (d.2005)
  • 1898 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian race car driver (d. 1988)
  • 1898 – Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1980)
  • 1901 – Reginald Sheffield, British actor (d. 1957)
  • 1902 – Walter Herbert, German-born conductor and impresario (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Nikolai Podgorny, President of the Soviet Union (d. 1983)
  • 1906 – Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician (d. 1980)
  • 1907 – Oscar Brodney, American screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1909 – Wallace Stegner, American writer (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Pee Wee King, American country musician and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Phyllis Calvert, British actress (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Jean Drapeau, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Jane Loevinger, American psychologist (d. 2008).
  • 1919 – Jack Palance, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Bill Cullen, American game show host (d. 1990)
  • 1920 – Eric Gairy, Grenadan politician (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Helen Gurley Brown, American editor
  • 1922 – Allan Melvin, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1922 – Juhan Smuul, Estonian author (d. 1971)
  • 1924 – Humberto Fernández Morán, Venezuelan scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Louis Laberge, Quebec labour union leader (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – George Kennedy, American actor
  • 1925 – Marcel Barbeau, Quebec artist
  • 1927 – John Warner, American politician
  • 1927 – Luis Arroyo, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1928 – Tom Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1929 – Len Deighton, British author
  • 1929 – André Mathieu, Quebec composer (d. 1968)
  • 1930 – Gahan Wilson, American cartoonist
  • 1931 – Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Toni Morrison, American writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 – Bob St. Clair, American football player
  • 1932 – Miloš Forman, Czech film director
  • 1933 – Yoko Ono, Japanese-born singer
  • 1933 – Sir Bobby Robson, English football manager
  • 1933 – Mary Ure, Scottish actress (d. 1975)
  • 1935 – Michel Aoun, Lebanese prime minister
  • 1936 – Jean Auel, American writer
  • 1936 – Dick Duff, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1938 – István Szabó, Hungarian film director
  • 1938 – Manny Mota, Dominican baseball player
  • 1939 – Dal Maxvill, American baseball player
  • 1939 – Marek Janowski, Polish-born conductor
  • 1939 – Claude Ake, Nigerian political scientist
  • 1941 – Irma Thomas, American singer
  • 1943 – Graeme Garden, Scottish writer
  • 1944 – Pat Bowlen, owner of the Denver Broncos
  • 1945 – Judy Rankin, American golfer
  • 1946 – Michael Buerk, British newsreader
  • 1946 – Jean-Claude Dreyfus, French actor
  • 1947 – Dennis DeYoung, American musician (STYX)
  • 1947 – Princess Christina of the Netherlands
  • 1947 – Carlos Lopes, Portuguese athlete
  • 1947 – Eliot Lance Engel, American politician
  • 1948 – Sinéad Cusack, Irish actress
  • 1948 – Keith Knudsen, American drummer and songwriter (The Doobie Brothers) (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Gary Ridgway, American serial killer
  • 1950 – John Hughes, American director
  • 1950 – Cybill Shepherd, American actress
  • 1950 – Michel Gauthier, Quebec politician
  • 1951 – Isabel Preysler, Philippines-born Spanish socialite
  • 1952 – Maurice Lucas, American basketball player
  • 1952 – Juice Newton, American singer
  • 1953 – Robbie Bachman, Canadian drummer (Bachman-Turner Overdrive)
  • 1954 – John Travolta, American actor
  • 1955 – Miles Tredinnick, English playwright
  • 1955 – Raymond Rougeau, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1956 – Ted Gärdestad, Swedish singer (d. 1997)
  • 1957 – Marita Koch, German athlete
  • 1957 – Vanna White, American game show presenter
  • 1958 – Giovanni Lavaggi, Italian racing driver
  • 1958 – Gar Samuelson, American drummer (d. 1999)
  • 1960 – Carol McGiffin, British TV and radio presenter
  • 1960 – Greta Scacchi, Australian actress
  • 1960 – Andy Moog, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Julie Strain, American actress
  • 1963 – Martin Treanor, Irish Writer
  • 1963 – Henry Winter, English football journalist
  • 1964 – Matt Dillon, American actor
  • 1964 – Paul Hanley, British musician (The Fall, Tom Hingley and the Lovers)
  • 1965 – Dr. Dre, American rapper
  • 1965 – Gregory Scott Johnson, American murderer (d. 2005)
  • 1966 – Guy Ferland, American television director
  • 1967 – Roberto Baggio, Italian footballer
  • 1967 – Tracey Edmonds, American film and television producer
  • 1968 – Molly Ringwald, American actress
  • 1968 – Tommy Scott, British musician (Space)
  • 1969 – Alexander Mogilny, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Jason Sutter, American drummer (Smash Mouth, American Hi-Fi)
  • 1970 – Raine Maida, Canadian musician (Our Lady Peace)
  • 1970 – Susan Egan, American actress
  • 1971 – Constantin Popa, Romanian-Israeli basketball player
  • 1973 – Claude Makélélé, French footballer
  • 1974 – Jamey Carroll, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Ruby Dhalla, Canadian politician
  • 1974 – Yevgeny Kafelnikov, Russian tennis player
  • 1975 – Sarah Brown, American actress
  • 1975 – Keith Gillespie, Irish footballer
  • 1975 – Gary Neville, English footballer
  • 1976 – Leilani Munter, American race car driver
  • 1977 – Kátia, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Sean Watkins, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1977 – Chrissie Wellington, British triathlete
  • 1978 – Josip Simunic, Croatian footballer
  • 1980 – Regina Spektor, Russian-born singer and songwriter
  • 1980 – Nikolai Antropov, Kazakh ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Andrei Kirilenko, Russian basketball player
  • 1981 – Ivan Sproule, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Kim Jae Won, South Korean actor
  • 1981 – Alex Rios, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Juelz Santana, American rapper
  • 1983 – Jermaine Jenas, English footballer
  • 1983 – Jason Maxiell, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Buddy Nielsen, American singer (Senses Fail)
  • 1985 – Lee Boyd Malvo, American serial killer
  • 1985 – Anton Ferdinand, English footballer
  • 1986 – Marc Torrejón, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Maiara Walsh, American actress

February 18 – Deaths:

  • 806 – Tarasius, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 730)
  • 814 – Angilbert, Frankish monk and confidant of Charlemagne
  • 901 – Thabit ibn Qurra, Arab astronomer and mathematician (b. 826)
  • 999 – Pope Gregory V (b. 972)
  • 1139 – Prince Yaropolk II of Kiev (b. 1082)
  • 1294 – Kublai Khan, Mongol Emperor (b. 1215)
  • 1379 – Albert II of Mecklenburg (b. 1318)
  • 1405 – Tamerlane, Mongol Emperor (b. 1336)
  • 1455 – Fra Angelico, Italian artist (b. 1395)
  • 1478 – George, Duke of Clarence, brother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England (executed) (b. 1449)
  • 1535 – Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, astrologer and alchemist (b. 1486)
  • 1546 – Martin Luther, German religious reformer (b. 1483)
  • 1564 – Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian artist (b. 1475)
  • 1583 – Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (b. 1503)
  • 1654 – Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac, French writer (b. 1594)
  • 1683 – Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (b. 1620)
  • 1712 – Louis, duc de Bourgogne, heir to the throne of France (b. 1682)
  • 1718 – Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (b. 1663)
  • 1743 – Anna Maria Luisa de’ Medici, last of the Medicis (b. 1667)
  • 1748 – Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1677)
  • 1772 – Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (b. 1712)
  • 1778 – Joseph Marie Terray, French statesman (b. 1715)
  • 1780 – Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1714)
  • 1788 – John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (b. 1713)
  • 1803 – Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim, German poet (b. 1719)
  • 1842 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1779)
  • 1851 – Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (b. 1804)
  • 1893 – Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician (b. 1814)
  • 1895 – Karl Abs, German professional wrestler (b. 1851)
  • 1900 – Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
  • 1902 – Charles Lewis Tiffany, American founder of Tiffany & Co. (b. 1812)
  • 1906 – John Batterson Stetson, American manufacturer (b. 1830)
  • 1911 – Billy Murdoch, Australian cricketer (b. 1854)
  • 1931 – Milan Šufflay, Croatian politician (b. 1879)
  • 1933 – James J. Corbett, American boxer (b. 1866)
  • 1938 – David King Udall, American politician (b. 1851)
  • 1942 – Albert Payson Terhune, American author (b. 1872)
  • 1945 – Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (b. 1906)
  • 1955 – Sadako Sasaki, School student(b. 1944)
  • 1956 – Gustave Charpentier, French composer (b. 1860)
  • 1957 – Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan rebel leader (b. 1920)
  • 1957 – Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (b. 1877)
  • 1964 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, Quebec inventor and industrialist (b. 1907)
  • 1966 – Robert Rossen, American screenwriter, producer, and director (b. 1908)
  • 1967 – J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Frank Costello, Italian-born gangster (b. 1891)
  • 1977 – Andy Devine, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Maggie McNamara, American actress (b. 1928)
  • 1981 – John Knudsen Northrop, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1895)
  • 1982 – Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand author (b. 1895)
  • 1993 – Kerry Von Erich, American professional wrestler (b. 1960)
  • 1993 – Jacqueline Hill, British actress (b. 1929)
  • 1995 – Bob Stinson, American guitarist (b.1959)
  • 1997 – Emily Hahn, American writer (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Harry Caray, American baseball broadcaster (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Robbie James, Welsh footballer (b. 1957)
  • 1999 – Noam Pitlik, American actor and director (b. 1932)
  • 2000 – Willy Maltaite, Belgian comics creator (b. 1927
  • 2001 – Balthus, Polish-born painter (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Dale Earnhardt, American race car driver (b. 1951)
  • 2001 – Eddie Mathews, American baseball player (b. 1931)
  • 2003 – Isser Harel, Israeli Mossad leader (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Johnny Paycheck, American country singer/songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2004 – Jean Rouch, French filmmaker and ethnologist (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Richard Bright, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 2008 – Sir Richard Knowles, British politician (b. 1917)
  • 2008 – Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress, (b. 1955)
  • 2008 – Mickey Renaud, Canadian professional ice hockey player (b. 1988)

February 18 – Holidays:

  • Gambian Independence Day

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On This Day in History February 17

February 17 – Events:

  • 1500 – Battle of Hemmingstedt.
  • 1600 – Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de’ Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy.
  • 1621 – Myles Standish is appointed as first commander of Plymouth colony.
  • 1753 – February 17 is followed by March 1 as Sweden moves from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar.
  • 1772 – First partition of Poland-Russia & Prussia, joined later by Austria.
  • 1776 – First volume of Gibbon’s “Decline & Fall of the Roman Empire” published.
  • 1801 – An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is resolved when Jefferson is elected President of the United States and Burr Vice President by the United States House of Representatives.
  • 1814 – Battle of Mormans.
  • 1819 – The United States House of Representatives passes the Missouri Compromise.
  • 1854 – The British recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The H. L. Hunley becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina is burned as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union forces.
  • 1867 – The first ship passes through the Suez Canal.
  • 1871 – The victorious Prussian Army parades though Paris, France after the end of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War.
  • 1876 – Sardines first canned (Eastport, Maine).
  • 1897 – National Congress of Parents & Teachers organizes (Washington, DC).
  • 1904 – Madama Butterfly premiers at La Scala in Milan.
  • 1906 – Theodore Roosevelt’s daughter Alice marries in the White House.
  • 1911 – First hydroplane flight to & from a ship, by Glenn Curtiss, San Diego.
  • 1913 – First minimum wage law in US takes effect, in Oregon.
  • 1913 – The Armory Show opens in New York City, displaying works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century.
  • 1915 – Edward Stone, first US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded.
  • 1924 – In Miami, Florida, Johnny Weissmuller sets a new world record in the 100-yard freestyle swimming competition with a time of 52-2/5 seconds.
  • 1925 – Harold Ross and Jane Grant found The New Yorker magazine; the debut issue is dated February 21, 1925.
  • 1926 – 75 buried in Sap Gulch, Bingham, Utah avalanche, 40 die.
  • 1931 – First telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball).
  • 1933 – The magazine Newsweek is published for the first time.
  • 1933 – The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States.
  • 1936 – The world’s first superhero, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in comics.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins. The battle ends in an American victory on February 22.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Hailstone begins. U.S. naval air, surface, and submarine attack against Truk (Chuuk), Japan’s main base in the central Pacific, in support of the Eniwetok invasion.
  • 1947 – The Voice of America begins to transmit radio broadcasts into the Soviet Union.
  • 1949 – Chaim Weitzman elected first president of Israel.
  • 1950 – 31 die in a train crash in Rockville Center, NY.
  • 1953 – Baseball star/pilot Ted Williams uninjured as plane shot down in Korea.
  • 1957 – A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.
  • 1958 – Pope Pius XII declares Saint Clare of Assisi (1193~1253) the patron saint of television.
  • 1958 – Comic strip “B.C.” first appears.
  • 1959 – Project Vanguard: Vanguard 2 – The first weather satellite launched to measure cloud-cover distribution.
  • 1962 – A storm kills more than 300 people in Hamburg, West Germany.
  • 1964 – In Wesberry v. Sanders the Supreme Court of the United States rules that congressional districts have to be approximately equal in population.
  • 1968 – In Springfield, Massachusetts the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opens.
  • 1972 – Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle model exceed those of Ford Model-T.
  • 1974 – Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House with a stolen helicopter.
  • 1979 – China invades Vietnam.
  • 1980 Buddy Baker wins Daytona 500.
  • 1981 – Chrysler reports largest corporate losses in US history.
  • 1985 – First class postage rises from 20 cents to 22 cents.
  • 1987 – Don Mattingly wins highest salary arbitration ($1,975,000 per year)
  • 1992 – A court in Milwaukee, Wisconsin sentences serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer to life in prison.
  • 1995 – Colin Ferguson is convicted of six counts of murder for the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shootings and later receives a 200+ year sentence.
  • 1995 – The Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador ends on a cease-fire brokered by the UN.
  • 1996 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, world champion Garry Kasparov beats the Deep Blue supercomputer in a chess match.
  • 2003 – The London Congestion Charge scheme begins.
  • 2006 – Over 1,000 people perished and buried alive in the town of St. Bernard in Southern Leyte, Philippines mudslide.
  • 2008 – Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.

February 17 – Birthdays:

  • 1490 – Charles III, Duke of Bourbon, Constable of France (d. 1527)
  • 1519 – Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician (d. 1563)
  • 1524 – Charles of Guise, French cardinal (d. 1574)
  • 1581 – Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (d. 1653)
  • 1646 – Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (d. 1714)
  • 1653 – Arcangelo Corelli, Italian composer (d. 1713)
  • 1718 – Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (d. 1790)
  • 1723 – Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (d. 1762)
  • 1752 – Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, German writer (d. 1831)
  • 1754 – Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (d. 1803)
  • 1781 – René Laënnec, French physician (d. 1826)
  • 1792 – Karl Ernst von Baer, German biologist (d. 1876)
  • 1796 – Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)
  • 1820 – Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Catholic cardinal (d. 1898)
  • 1820 – Henri Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – Lola Montez, Irish dancer (d. 1861)
  • 1836 – Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
  • 1844 – Aaron Montgomery Ward, American department store founder (d. 1913)
  • 1848 – Louisa Lawson, Australian suffragist and writer (d. 1920)
  • 1854 – Friedrich Alfred Krupp, German industrialist (d. 1902)
  • 1861 – Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
  • 1862 – Mori Ogai, Japanese novelist and poet (d. 1922)
  • 1863 – Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • 1864 – Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
  • 1864 – Banjo Paterson, Australian poet (d. 1941)
  • 1874 – Thomas J. Watson, American computer manufacturer (d. 1956)
  • 1877 – Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer (d. 1904)
  • 1877 – André Maginot, French politician (d. 1932)
  • 1885 – Steve Evans, American baseball player (d. 1943)
  • 1887 – Leevi Madetoja, Finnish composer (d. 1947)
  • 1888 – Otto Stern, German physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1969)
  • 1908 – Red Barber, American baseball announcer (d. 1992)
  • 1908 – Bo Yibo, Chinese politician (d. 2005)
  • 1910 – Arthur Hunnicutt, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 1910 – Marc Lawrence, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1911 – Oskar Seidlin, Silesian-born American literary scholar (d. 1984)
  • 1912 – Andre Norton, American author (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Arthur Kennedy, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1914 – Wayne Morris, American actor (d. 1959)
  • 1916 – Raf Vallone, Italian actor (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Alexander Obolensky, Russian prince and famed Rugby Union footballer who played for England.(d. 1940)
  • 1917 – Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian philosopher (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (d. 1965)
  • 1919 – Kathleen Freeman, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Ivo Caprino, Norwegian animated film director
  • 1922 – Enrico Banducci, American nightclub owner (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Tommy Edwards, American singer (d. 1969)
  • 1922 – Marshall Teague, American race car driver (d. 1959)
  • 1924 – Margaret Truman, American novelist (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Ron Goodwin, English composer and conductor (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Hal Holbrook, American actor
  • 1928 – Marta Romero, Puerto Rican actress & singer
  • 1929 – Paul Meger, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1929 – Chaim Potok, American author (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Patricia Routledge, English actress
  • 1930 – Roger Craig, American baseball player and manager
  • 1930 – Ruth Rendell, English writer
  • 1932 – Buck Trent, American banjo player
  • 1933 – Bobby Lewis, American singer
  • 1933 – Craig L. Thomas, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Alan Bates, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Barry Humphries, Australian actor and comedian
  • 1935 – Christina Pickles, UK-born American actress
  • 1936 – Jim Brown, American football player
  • 1939 – John Leyton, British singer
  • 1939 – Mary Ann Mobley, American actress and beauty queen
  • 1940 – Gene Pitney, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Julia McKenzie, English actress and theatre director
  • 1942 – Huey P. Newton, American political activist (d. 1989)
  • 1944 – Karl Jenkins, Welsh composer
  • 1945 – Zina Bethune, American actress
  • 1945 – Brenda Fricker, Irish actress
  • 1946 – Dodie Stevens, American singer
  • 1948 – José José, Mexican singer and actor
  • 1948 – Rick Majerus, American basketball coach
  • 1949 – Fred Frith, English musician and composer
  • 1952 – Karin Janz, East German gymnast
  • 1953 – Norman Pace, British actor and comic
  • 1954 – Rene Russo, American actress
  • 1955 – Mo Yan, Chinese novelist
  • 1956 – Richard Karn, American actor
  • 1957 – Loreena McKennitt, Canadian musician
  • 1959 – Aryeh Deri, Israeli rabbi and politician
  • 1959 – Neil Lomax, American football player
  • 1962 – Samuel Bayer, American music video director
  • 1962 – Alison Hargreaves, British mountaineer (d. 1995)
  • 1962 – Tyrone “Ty” Jones, American screenwriter
  • 1962 – David McComb, Australian musician (The Triffids) (d. 1999)
  • 1962 – Lou Diamond Phillips, American actor
  • 1963 – Michael Jordan, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Larry the Cable Guy, American comedian
  • 1964 – Buster Olney, American sports columnist
  • 1965 – MichaelBay, American film director
  • 1966 – Ioannis Kalitzakis, Greek footballer
  • 1966 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (Bathory) (d. 2004)
  • 1966 – Luc Robitaille, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Michael Lepond, American musician
  • 1967 – Chanté Moore, American singer
  • 1968 – Bryan Cox, National Football League player
  • 1969 – Tuesday Knight, American actress
  • 1970 – Tim Mahoney, American musician (311)
  • 1970 – Tommy Moe, American Olympic skier
  • 1970 – Dominic Purcell, English-born actor
  • 1971 – Martyn Bennett, Canadian composer (d. 2005)
  • 1971 – Jeremy Edwards, British actor
  • 1971 – Denise Richards, American actress
  • 1972 – Billie Joe Armstrong, American musician (Green Day)
  • 1972 – Philippe Candeloro, French figure skater
  • 1972 – Taylor Hawkins, American musician (Foo Fighters)
  • 1972 – Valeria Mazza, Argentinian model
  • 1972 – Yuki Isoya, Japanese singer (formerly Judy and Mary)
  • 1973 – SaRenna Lee, American pornographic actress
  • 1974 – Kaoru, Japanese musician
  • 1974 – Jerry O’Connell, American actor
  • 1974 – Bryan White, American singer
  • 1975 – Wish Bone, American rapper
  • 1975 – Harisu, South Korean singer, model and actress
  • 1975 – Todd Harvey, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Vaclav Prospal, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Kelly Carlson, American actress
  • 1976 – Scott Williamson, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Jacob Wetterling, American kidnapping victim
  • 1979 – Josh Willingham, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Al Harrington, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Jason Ritter, American actor
  • 1981 – Lupe Fiasco, American rapper
  • 1981 – Joseph Gordon-Levitt, American actor
  • 1981 – Paris Hilton, American actress and heiress
  • 1982 – Adriano, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Brian Bruney, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Gérald Cid, French footballer
  • 1983 – Marios Kaperonis, Greek boxer
  • 1984 – Jimmy Jacobs, American professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Kenta Kamakari, Japanese actor and seiyuu
  • 1984 – AB de Villiers, South African cricketer
  • 1985 – Anne Curtis, Filipino actress and commercial model
  • 1986 – Joey O’Brien, Irish footballer
  • 1988 – Natascha Kampusch, Austrian kidnapping victim
  • 1991 – Bonnie Wright, British actress
  • 1992 – Meaghan Jette Martin, American child actress and singer
  • 1996 – Sasha Pieterse, South African child actress

February 17 – Deaths:

  • 364 – Jovian, Roman Emperor
  • 440 – Mesrop Mashtots
  • 1339 – Otto, Duke of Austria (b. 1301)
  • 1371 – Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
  • 1596 – Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)
  • 1600 – Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher (burned at the stake) (b. 1548)
  • 1609 – Ferdinando I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1549)
  • 1624 – Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
  • 1659 – Abel Servien, French diplomat (b. 1593)
  • 1673 – Molière, French playwright (b. 1622)
  • 1680 – Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (b. 1599)
  • 1680 – Jan Swammerdam, Dutch biologist (b. 1637)
  • 1715 – Antoine Galland, French archaeologist (b. 1646)
  • 1732 – Louis Marchand, French organist and harpsichordist (b. 1669)
  • 1768 – Arthur Onslow, English politician (b. 1691)
  • 1780 – Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian (b. 1706)
  • 1841 – Ferdinando Carulli, Italian guitarist (b. 1770)
  • 1854 – John Martin, English painter (b. 1789)
  • 1856 – Heinrich Heine, German writer (b. 1797)
  • 1874 – Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet, Belgian mathematician (b. 1796)
  • 1883 – Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (b. 1806)
  • 1883 – Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian revolutionary (b. 1845)
  • 1890 – Christopher Sholes, American inventor (b. 1819)
  • 1909 – Geronimo, Apache leader (b. 1829)
  • 1912 – Edgar Evans, Welsh naval officer (b. 1876)
  • 1919 – Wilfrid Laurier, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1841)
  • 1934 – King Albert I of Belgium (b. 1875)
  • 1934 – Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (b. 1862)
  • 1939 – Willy Hess, German violinist (b. 1859)
  • 1943 – Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer (b. 1888)
  • 1943 – Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
  • 1958 – Hugh McCrae, Australian writer (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Nita Naldi, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – Bruno Walter, German conductor (b. 1876)
  • 1970 – Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Israeli writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Alfred Newman, American film composer (b. 1901)
  • 1977 – Janani Luwum, Ugandan Archbishop (b. 1922)
  • 1982 – Nestor Chylak, American baseball umpire (b. 1922)
  • 1982 – Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist (b. 1917)
  • 1982 – Lee Strasberg, Austrian-born actor (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Lefty Gomez, American baseball player (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – Erik Rhodes, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1990 – Hap Day, Canadian ice hockey player and manager (b. 1901)
  • 1994 – Randy Shilts, American author and activist (b. 1951)
  • 1996 – Hervé Bazin, French writer (b. 1911)
  • 1998 – Ernst Jünger, German author (b. 1895)
  • 1998 – Bob Merrill, American composer and lyricist (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Bob Geary, Canadian football player and manager (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – José López Portillo, President of Mexico (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Dan O’Herlihy, Irish actor (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Omar Sivori, Argentine footballer (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Ray Barretto, Puerto Rican musician (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Bill Cowsill, American singer (The Cowsills) (b. 1948)
  • 2007 – Jurga Ivanauskaite, Lithuanian writer (b. 1961)
  • 2007 – Mike Awesome, American professional wrestler (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Dermot O’Reilly, Irish-born Canadian musician, producer and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Maurice Papon, French Nazi collaborator (b. 1910)

February 17 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – Quirinalia in honor of Quirinus.
  • Ancient Latvia – Tanis Diena observed.
  • Seven Founders of the Servite Order
  • Saint Alexis Falconieri (d. 1310)
  • Saint Constabilis

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On This Day in History February 16

February 16 – Events:

  • 1249 – Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols.
  • 1646 – Battle of Great Torrington, Devon – the last major battle of the first English Civil War.
  • 1741 – Benjamin Franklin’s General Magazine begins publication.
  • 1742 – Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister.
  • 1804 – First Barbary War: Stephen Decatur leads a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate USS Philadelphia.
  • 1838 – Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus.
  • 1852 – Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
  • 1859 – The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
  • 1866 – Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.
  • 1868 – In New York City the Jolly Corks organization is renamed the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks (BPOE).
  • 1899 – President Félix Faure of France dies in office.
  • 1899 – Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland’s first football club is founded.
  • 1918 – The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.
  • 1923 – Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.
  • 1932 – First patent issued for a tree, to James Markham for a peach tree.
  • 1934 – Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
  • 1934 – Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
  • 1936 – Elections bring the Popular Front to power in Spain.
  • 1937 – Wallace H. Carothers receives a patent for nylon.
  • 1940 – World War II: Altmark Incident: The German tanker Altmark is boarded by sailors from the British destroyer HMS Cossack. 299 British prisoners are freed.
  • 1943 – World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.
  • 1945 – World War II: American forces land on Corregidor island in the Philippines.
  • 1947 – Canadians granted Canadian citizenship after 80 years of being British subjects. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen.
  • 1950 – Game show, “What’s My Line” begins on CBS.
  • 1951 – New York City passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing.
  • 1956 – Britain abolishes the death penalty
  • 1957 – The “Toddlers’ Truce,” a controversial television closedown between 6.00pm and 7.00pm was abolished in the United Kingdom.
  • 1959 – Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1.
  • 1961 – Explorer program: Explorer 9 (S-56a) is launched.
  • 1968 – In Haleyville, Alabama, the first 9-1-1 emergency telephone system goes into service.
  • 1970 – Joe Frazier KOs Jimmy Ellis for undisputed heavyweight boxing crown.
  • 1972 – Wilt Chamberlain becomes first in NBA to score 30,000 points.
  • 1978 – The first computer bulletin board system is created (CBBS in Chicago, Illinois).
  • 1982 – Lee Majors & Farrah Fawcett Majors divorce.
  • 1983 – The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia claim the lives of 75 people in Australia’s worst ever fires.
  • 1985 – The founding of Hezbollah.
  • 1986 – The Soviet liner Mikhail Lermontov runs aground in the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand.
  • 1987 – The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi guard dubbed “Ivan the Terrible” in Treblinka extermination camp, starts in Jerusalem.
  • 1989 – Roger Clemens, Red Sox pitcher, signs record $7.5M-3 year contract.
  • 1992 – LA Lakers retire Magic Johnson’s #32 uniform.
  • 1993 – Western Australia’s and Australia’s first woman Premier, Carmen Lawrence, is voted out of office.
  • 1999 – In Uzbekistan, a bomb explodes and gunfire is heard at the government headquarters in an apparent assassination attempt against President Islom Karimov.
  • 1999 – Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrested one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan.
  • 2005 – The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.
  • 2005 – The National Hockey League cancels the entire 2004-2005 regular season and playoffs, becoming the first major sports league in North America to do so over a labor dispute.
  • 2006 – The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.

February 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1032 – Emperor Yingzong of China (d. 1067)
  • 1222 – Nichiren Daishonin, Japanese founder of Nichiren Buddhism (d. 1282)
  • 1497 – Philipp Melanchthon, German humanist and reformer (d. 1560)
  • 1519 – Gaspard de Coligny, French Huguenot leader (d. 1572)
  • 1543 – Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)
  • 1620 – Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia (d. 1688)
  • 1643 – John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (d. 1714)
  • 1698 – Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (d. 1758)
  • 1727 – Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)
  • 1761 – Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)
  • 1786 – Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)
  • 1802 – Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
  • 1804 – Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
  • 1812 – Henry Wilson, 18th Vice President of US (d. 1875)
  • 1821 – Heinrich Barth, German explorer (d. 1865)
  • 1822 – Sir Francis Galton, English explorer and biologist (d. 1911)
  • 1824 – Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
  • 1826 – Julia Grant, First Lady of the United States (d. 1902)
  • 1826 – Joseph Victor von Scheffel, German poet (d. 1886)
  • 1831 – Nikolai Leskov, Russian writer (d. 1895)
  • 1834 – Ernst Haeckel, German zoologist and philosopher (d. 1919)
  • 1838 – Henry Adams, American historian and novelist (d. 1918)
  • 1847 – Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer (d. 1917)
  • 1848 – Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (d. 1935)
  • 1856 – Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)
  • 1856 – Willem Kes, Dutch conductor (d. 1934)
  • 1866 – Billy Hamilton (baseball player), MLB Hall of Fame Outfielder (d. 1940)
  • 1866 – Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian poet (d. 1949)
  • 1874 – Marie Gutheil-Schoder, German soprano (d. 1935)
  • 1876 – George Macaulay Trevelyan, English historian (d. 1962)
  • 1883 – Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1884 – Robert J. Flaherty, American filmmaker (d. 1951)
  • 1886 – Van Wyck Brooks, American historian and critic (d. 1963)
  • 1887 – Kathleen Clifford, American actress (d. 1962)
  • 1898 – Katharine Cornell, American actress (d. 1974)
  • 1891 – Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
  • 1901 – Vincent Coleman, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1901 – Wayne King, American musician and orchestra leader (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – Chester Morris, American film actor (d. 1970)
  • 1903 – Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (d. 1978)
  • 1903 – George-Henri Lévesque, Quebec priest and sociologist (d. 2000)
  • 1904 – George F. Kennan, American historian, diplomat and political policymaker (d. 2005)
  • 1906 – Vera Menchik, British-Czech chess player, the first Women’s World Champion in chess (d. 1944)
  • 1909 – Hugh Beaumont, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1909 – Jeffrey Lynn, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1909 – Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)
  • 1915 – Jim O’Hora, American college football coach (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Elisabeth Eybers, South African poet (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Michael Relph, British film producer and director (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Bill Doggett, American jazz and rhythm and blues pianist and organist (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Patty Andrews, American singer
  • 1920 – Anna Mae Hays, American army general
  • 1921 – Jean Behra, French Formula One driver (d. 1959)
  • 1921 – Araucaria, British crossword compiler
  • 1921 – Vera-Ellen, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1922 – Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, German night fighter pilot (d. 1950)
  • 1925 – Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitar master (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – John Schlesinger, English film director (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – June Brown, British actress
  • 1929 – Gerhard Hanappi, Austrian footballer (d. 1980)
  • 1931 – George E. Sangmeister, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Ken Takakura, Japanese actor
  • 1932 – Gretchen Wyler, American actress and dancer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Otis Blackwell, American songwriter and singer (d. 2002)
  • 1932 – Harry Goz, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1932 – Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, President of Sierra Leone
  • 1934 – Herbie & Harold Kalin, American singers (d. 2005-Harold / 2006-Herbie)
  • 1934 – Marlene Hagge, American professional golfer
  • 1935 – Sonny Bono, American entertainer & U.S. Congressman (d. 1998)
  • 1936 – Jill Kinmont, American skier
  • 1937 – Yuri Manin, Russian mathematician
  • 1938 – John Corigliano, American composer
  • 1938 – Barry Primus, American actor
  • 1939 – Czeslaw Niemen, Polish singer-songwriter and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1942 – Kim Jong-il, North Korean leader
  • 1943 – Brig Owens, American football player
  • 1944 – Richard Ford, American novelist
  • 1945 – Jeremy Bulloch, English actor
  • 1945 – Frank Welker, American voice actor
  • 1946 – Ian Lavender, English actor
  • 1950 – Peter Hain, British politician
  • 1950 – Kazuki Tomokawa, Japanese acid-folk singer
  • 1950 – Roman Tam, Hong Kong famous singer (d. 2002)
  • 1951 – William Katt, American actor
  • 1952 – Barry Foote, Major League Baseball player
  • 1953 – George Martin, American footballer
  • 1953 – Lanny McDonald, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1953 – Roberta Williams, computer game designer
  • 1954 – Michael Holding, West Indian fast bowler cricket
  • 1954 – Iain Banks, Scottish author
  • 1954 – Margaux Hemingway, American actress and model (d. 1996)
  • 1955 – Hunt Block, American actor
  • 1956 – James Ingram, American singer
  • 1957 – LeVar Burton, American actor
  • 1958 – Ice-T, American rapper, songwriter, and actor
  • 1958 – Lisa Loring, American actress
  • 1958 – Oscar Schmidt, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1958 – Michael W. Burns, American politician
  • 1959 – John McEnroe, American tennis player
  • 1959 – Kelly Tripucka, American basketball player
  • 1960 – Pete Willis, English guitarist (Def Leppard)
  • 1960 – Cherie Chung, Hong Kong actress
  • 1961 – Andy Taylor, English rock guitarist (Duran Duran)
  • 1962 – John Balance, English musician (Coil, Psychic TV) (d. 2004)
  • 1963 – Dave Lombardo, Cuban drummer (Slayer)
  • 1963 – Dano Halsall, Swiss swimmer
  • 1964 – Bebeto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1964 – Christopher Eccleston, English actor
  • 1967 – John Valentin, baseball player
  • 1967 – Keith Gretzky, former hockey player; brother of Wayne Gretzky
  • 1968 – Warren Ellis, British comic book writer
  • 1969 – David Heath, American professional wrestler better known as Gangrel
  • 1970 – D.J. Wallis, American fitness competitor
  • 1970 – Serdar Ortac, Turkish popstar
  • 1970 – Angelo Peruzzi, Italian footballer
  • 1971 – Amanda Holden, British actress
  • 1972 – Jerome Bettis, American football player.
  • 1972 – Sarah Clarke, American actress
  • 1973 – Christian Bassedas, Argentine former footballer
  • 1973 – Cathy Freeman, Australian athlete
  • 1973 – Nikos Kostakis, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Fanis Katergiannakis, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Johnny Tri Nguyen, Vietnamese American stuntman and martial arts actor
  • 1975 – Nanase Aikawa, Japanese singer
  • 1975 – Vanina Ickx, Belgian racing driver
  • 1975 – Don Jeffcoat, American actor
  • 1976 – Eric Byrnes, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Kyo, Japanese singer (Dir en grey)
  • 1976 – Joe Odagiri, Japanese actor
  • 1977 – Ian Clarke, Irish computer programmer
  • 1977 – Ahman Green, American football player
  • 1978 – John Tartaglia, Broadway actor and Muppeteer
  • 1979 – Eric Mun, Korean rapper (Shinhwa)
  • 1979 – Valentino Rossi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1980 – Agim Kaba, American actor and film producer
  • 1980 – Ashley Lelie, American football player
  • 1981 – Jay Howard, British racing driver
  • 1981 – Jerry Owens, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Qyntel Woods, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Wasalu Muhammad Jaco, American rapper
  • 1985 – Zoi Dimoschaki, Greek swimmer
  • 1988 – Denílson Pereira Neves, Brazilian footballer
  • 1991 – Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg, Princess of Luxembourg

February 16 – Deaths:

  • 1247 – Heinrich Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia (b. 1204)
  • 1279 – King Afonso III of Portugal (b. 1210)
  • 1391 – John V Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1332)
  • 1531 – Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1452)
  • 1560 – Jean du Bellay, French Catholic cardinal and diplomat
  • 1710 – Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes (b. 1632)
  • 1721 – James Craggs the Younger, English politician (b. 1686)
  • 1754 – Richard Mead, English physician (b. 1673)
  • 1844 – Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1792)
  • 1898 – Thomas Bracken, New Zealand poet (b. 1843)
  • 1899 – Félix Faure, President of France (b. 1841)
  • 1907 – Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1835)
  • 1912 – St. Nikolai of Japan, Eastern Orthodox priest (b. 1836)
  • 1917 – Octave Mirbeau, French writer (b. 1848)
  • 1919 – Vera Kholodnaya, Russian film star (b. 1893)
  • 1928 – Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (b. 1856)
  • 1932 – Ferdinand Buisson, French pacifist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1841)
  • 1967 – Antonio Moreno, Spanish-born actor (b. 1887)
  • 1967 – Smiley Burnette, American actor, singer and songwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1974 – John Garand, Canadian rifle engineer and manufacturer (b. 1888)
  • 1975 – Morgan Taylor, American athlete (b. 1903)
  • 1975 – Norman Treigle, American bass-baritone (b. 1927)
  • 1977 – Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (b. 1897)
  • 1978 – E. Roland Harriman, American financier (b. 1895)
  • 1979 – Nematollah Nassiri, executed Iran general/head of SAVAK (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Erich Hückel, German physicist (b. 1895)
  • 1988 – Jean Carignan, French Canadian fiddler (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Keith Haring, American artist (b. 1958)
  • 1992 – Angela Carter, English writer (b. 1940)
  • 1992 – Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician (b. 1917)
  • 1992 – Herman Wold, Swedish statistician (b. 1908
  • 1996 – Roger Bowen, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 1996 – Edmund G. Brown, Governor of California (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Brownie McGhee, American singer (b. 1915)
  • 1997 – Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American physicist (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Michael Larson, Press Your Luck Big-winning contestant (b. 1949)
  • 2000 – Marceline Day, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-born engineer and inventor (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Lila Kedrova, Russian-born actress (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Bob Buhl, baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Howard W. Koch, American film director (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – William Masters, American gynecologist and sexologist (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Walter Winterbottom, England football manager (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Eleanor “Sis” Daley, wife of Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Shirley Strickland, Australian athlete (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Doris Troy, American singer (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Nicole DeHuff, American actress (pneumonia) (b. 1975)
  • 2005 – Queen Narriman, second and last wife of King Farouk and mother of their only child King Fuad II
  • 2006 – Johnny Grunge, American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Ernie Stautner, German-born American football player (b. 1925)

February 16 – Holidays:

  • Lithuania – Independence Day (1918)
  • Kyoto Protocol Day (2005)
  • Saint Abda of Edessa
  • Saint Elias and companions
  • Saint Juliana
  • Saint Gilbert of Sempringham
  • Saint Onesimus

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On This Day in History February 15

February 15 – Events:

  • 590 – Khosrau II is crowned as king of Persia.
  • 1637 – Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1764 – The city of St. Louis, Missouri is established.
  • 1805 – Harmony Society is officially formed.
  • 1852 – Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits its first patient.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant attacks Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
  • 1879 – Women’s rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • 1891 – AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: The USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor in Cuba, killing more than 260. This event leads the United States to declare war on Spain.
  • 1903 – First Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom.
  • 1905 – First race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark).
  • 1906 – The British Labour Party is organised.
  • 1918 – First WW I US army troopship torpedoed & sunk by Germany, off Ireland.
  • 1918 – Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt the Gregorian calendar.
  • 1919 – American Legion organizes in Paris.
  • 1926 – Contract air mail service begins in US.
  • 1930 – Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes.
  • 1932 – US bobsled team member Eddie Eagan becomes only athlete to win gold in both Summer & Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold)
  • 1933 – In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead shoots Chicago, Illinois Mayor Anton J. Cermak, who dies of his wounds on March 6, 1933.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history. The Sook Ching massacre begins.
  • 1944 – World War II: The assault on Monte Cassino, Italy, begins.
  • 1946 – ENIAC (for “Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer”), the first general-purpose electronic computer, is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania.
  • 1950 – Walt Disney’s “Cinderella” released.
  • 1950 – The Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China sign a mutual defense treaty.
  • 1952 – King George VI is buried in St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.
  • 1953 – Seventeen-year-old Tenley Albright becomes the first American to win the world figure skating championship.
  • 1957 – Andrei A. Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet Foreign Minister.
  • 1961 – Sabena Flight 548 crashes in Belgium, killing 73, with the entire US Figure Skating team, several coaches and family.
  • 1965 – A new red-and-white maple leaf design is adopted as the flag of Canada, replacing the old Canadian Red Ensign banner.
  • 1970 – A Dominican DC-9 crashes into the sea during takeoff from Santo Domingo, killing 102.
  • 1971 – Decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day.
  • 1976 – The 1976 Constitution of Cuba is adopted by the national referendum.
  • 1980 – Television One and Television Two (formerly South Pacific Television) under the newly formed Television New Zealand goes to air for the first time.
  • 1982 – The drilling rig Ocean Ranger sinks during a storm off the coast of Newfoundland, killing 84 rig workers.
  • 1989 – Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan: The Soviet Union officially announces that all of its troops have left Afghanistan.
  • 1991 – The Visegrád Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
  • 1995 – Hacking: Kevin Mitnick is arrested by the FBI and charged with breaking into some of the United States’ most “secure” computer systems.
  • 1996 – Mortar attack on the US Embassy in Athens, Greece.
  • 1996 – At the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in China, a Long March 3 rocket, carrying an Intelsat 708, crashes into a rural village after liftoff, killing many people.
  • 1999 – Kurdish human rights activist Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party), was arrested in Kenya.
  • 2005 – YouTube, the popular Internet site on which videos may be shared and viewed by others, is launched in the United States.

February 15 – Birthdays:

  • 1458 – Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. 1490)
  • 1471 – Piero di Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1503)
  • 1564 – Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist (d. 1642)
  • 1571 – Michael Praetorius, German composer (d. 1621)
  • 1620 – François Charpentier, French archaeologist (d. 1702)
  • 1705 – Charles-André van Loo, French painter (d. 1765)
  • 1710 – King Louis XV of France (d. 1774)
  • 1725 – Abraham Clark, American founding father (d. 1794)
  • 1734 – William Stacy, Continental Army officer, and pioneer to the Ohio Country (d. 1802)
  • 1739 – Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect (d. 1813)
  • 1759 – Friedrich August Wolf, German archaeologist (d. 1824)
  • 1809 – Cyrus McCormick, American inventor (d. 1884)
  • 1809 – André Dumont, Belgian geologist (d. 1857)
  • 1812 – Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler (d. 1902)
  • 1820 – Susan B. Anthony, American feminist and suffragist (d. 1906)
  • 1825 – Carter Harrison, Sr., Mayor of Chicago (d. 1893)
  • 1835 – Demetrius Vikelas, Greek author, president of the International Olympic Committee (d. 1908)
  • 1841 – Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (d. 1913)
  • 1845 – Elihu Root, American statesman and diplomat, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1847 – Robert Fuchs, Austrian composer (d. 1927)
  • 1856 – Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist (d. 1926)
  • 1861 – Charles Edouard Guillaume, French physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1938)
  • 1861 – Alfred North Whitehead, English mathematician and philosopher (d. 1947)
  • 1873 – Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1964)
  • 1874 – Sir Ernest Shackleton, British polar explorer (d. 1922)
  • 1877 – Louis Renault, French automobile pioneer (d. 1944)
  • 1882 – John Barrymore, American actor (d. 1942)
  • 1883 – Sax Rohmer, English author (d. 1959)
  • 1890 – Robert Ley, head of the Nazi German Labour Front (d. 1945)
  • 1892 – James Forrestal, United States Secretary of Defense (d. 1949)
  • 1893 – Walter Donaldson, American songwriter (d. 1947)
  • 1895 – Earl Thomson, Canadian athlete (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Arthur Shields, Irish actor (d. 1970)
  • 1898 – Totò, Italian actor, writer, and composer (d. 1967)
  • 1898 – Allen Woodring, American runner (d. 1982)
  • 1899 – Georges Auric, French composer (d. 1983)
  • 1899 – Gale Sondergaard, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Antonin Magne, French cyclist (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Harold Arlen, American composer (d. 1986)
  • 1907 – Jean Langlais, French composer and organist (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Cesar Romero, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1908 – Sarto Fournier, Quebec politician (d. 1980)
  • 1909 – Miep Gies, Dutch biographer of Anne Frank
  • 1909 – Guillermo Gorostiza Paredes, Spanish footballer (d. 1966)
  • 1910 – Irena Sendler, aided Jewish children during the Holocaust
  • 1911 – Leonard Woodcock, labor union official, ambassador to China (d. 2001)
  • 1913 – Erich Eliskases, Austrian-born chess player (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Hale Boggs, American politician (d. 1972)
  • 1914 – Kevin McCarthy, American actor
  • 1916 – Mary Jane Croft, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Allan Arbus, American actor
  • 1918 – Hank Locklin, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1920 – Endicott Peabody, 62 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian, thinker and writer (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – John Bayard Anderson, American politician
  • 1923 – Yelena Bonner, Russian human rights activist, widow of physicist Andrei Sakharov
  • 1927 – Harvey Korman, American actor and comedian
  • 1929 – Graham Hill, English two-time F1 World Champion (d. 1975)
  • 1929 – James Schlesinger, American politician
  • 1930 – Nico Minardos, American actor
  • 1931 – Claire Bloom, British actress
  • 1931 – Geoff Edwards, American television game show host
  • 1934 – Graham Kennedy, Australian actor (d. 2005)
  • 1934 – Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer scientist
  • 1935 – Susan Brownmiller, American feminist and writer
  • 1935 – Roger Chaffee, astronaut (d. 1967)
  • 1935 – Gene Hickerson, American football player
  • 1937 – Gregory Mcdonald, American author
  • 1939 – Ole Ellefsæter, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1940 – John Hadl, American football player
  • 1940 – Hamzah Haz, Indonesian politician
  • 1941 – Florinda Bolkan, Brazilian actress
  • 1941 – Brian Holland, American songwriter and producer
  • 1944 – Mick Avory, British drummer (The Kinks)
  • 1945 – John Helliwell, British musician (Supertramp)
  • 1945 – Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer
  • 1946 – Esko Seppänen, Finnish politician
  • 1947 – John Coolidge Adams, American composer
  • 1947 – Marisa Berenson, American actress
  • 1947 – David Brown, American musician (Santana) (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – Rusty Hamer, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1948 – Ron Cey, baseball player
  • 1948 – Art Spiegelman, American cartoonist
  • 1949 – Ken Anderson, American football player
  • 1949 – Hans Graf, Austrian conductor
  • 1950 – Hark Tsui, Hong Kong film director
  • 1951 – Melissa Manchester, American singer
  • 1951 – Jane Seymour, British actress
  • 1953 – Tony Adams, Irish film producer (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – Matt Groening, American cartoonist
  • 1955 – Christopher McDonald, American actor
  • 1955 – Janice Dickinson, American Ex-Supermodel
  • 1956 – Hitoshi Ogawa, Japanese racing driver (d. 1992)
  • 1957 – Jimmy Spencer, American race car driver
  • 1958 – Chrystine Brouillet, Quebec novelist
  • 1959 – Ali Campbell, British singer and songwriter (UB40)
  • 1959 – Brian Propp, Canadian hockey player
  • 1959 – Hugo Savinovich, Ecuadorian wrestler
  • 1960 – Mikey Craig, British musician (Culture Club)
  • 1960 – Darrell Green, NFL Hall of Famer
  • 1964 – Chris Farley, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
  • 1967 – Jane Child, Canadian musician
  • 1968 – Axelle Red, Belgian singer and songwriter
  • 1969 – Josh Marshall, American journalist
  • 1969 – Bryan Williams, founder of Cash Money Records
  • 1970 – Craig Gass, American impressionist/comedian
  • 1971 – Renée O’Connor, American actress and director
  • 1971 – Ray Sefo, New Zealand kick boxer
  • 1972 – Jaromír Jágr, Czech hockey player
  • 1973 – Katerina Neumannová, Czech cross country skier
  • 1973 – Amy Van Dyken, American swimmer
  • 1973 – Sarah Wynter, Australian actress
  • 1973 – Alex Borstein, American actress and animator
  • 1974 – Miranda July, American performance artist, film director, musician and writer
  • 1974 – Gina Lynn, American porn actress
  • 1974 – Tomi Putaansuu, Finnish singer (Lordi)
  • 1974 – Seattle Slew, American racehorse (d. 2002)
  • 1974 – Ugueth Urbina, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player
  • 1974 – Alexander Wurz, Austrian race car driver
  • 1975 – Serge Aubin, National Hockey League player
  • 1975 – Brendon Small, American comedian and creator of the cartoons Home Movies and Metalocalypse
  • 1976 – Brandon Boyd, American musician (Incubus)
  • 1976 – Óscar Freire, Spanish cyclist
  • 1976 – Ronnie Vannucci Jr., American musician (The Killers)
  • 1977 – Brooks Wackerman, American drummer
  • 1978 – Kimberly Goss, American singer and musician (Sinergy)
  • 1978 – Tuan Le, American poker player
  • 1979 – Alenka Kejžar, Slovenian swimmer
  • 1979 – Josh Low, English footballer
  • 1979 – Gordon Shedden, Scottish Race Car Driver
  • 1980 – Conor Oberst, American singer and songwriter (Bright Eyes)
  • 1981 – Matt Hoopes, American musician (Relient K)
  • 1981 – Olivia Longott, American singer
  • 1981 – Diego Martínez, Mexican footballer
  • 1981 – Jenna Morasca, American model
  • 1982 – Ashley Tesoro, American actress and singer
  • 1983 – Russell Martin, Canadian born baseball player
  • 1984 – Meera Jasmine, Indian actress
  • 1984 – Dorota Rabczewska, Polish singer (Virgin)
  • 1986 – Gabriel Paletta, Argentine footballer
  • 1988 – Hironori Kusano, Japanese Idol
  • 1990 – Erwin Sak, Polish footballer

February 15-Deaths

  • 1145 – Pope Lucius II
  • 1621 – Michael Praetorius, German composer (b. 1571)
  • 1637 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1578)
  • 1738 – Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (b. 1684)
  • 1775 – Peter Dens, Flemish Catholic theologian (b. 1690)
  • 1781 – Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German author and philosopher (b. 1729)
  • 1818 – Friedrich Ludwig, Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Prussian general (b. 1746)
  • 1835 – Henry Hunt, British politician (b. 1773)
  • 1839 – Chevalier de Lorimier, Quebec notary and Patriote (b. 1803)
  • 1843 – Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general in the Greek War of Independence (b. 1770)
  • 1844 – Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1757)
  • 1847 – Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1794)
  • 1848 – Hermann von Boyen, Prussian field marshal (b. 1771)
  • 1849 – Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (b. 1804)
  • 1857 – Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (b. 1804)
  • 1869 – Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (b. 1796)
  • 1911 – Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (b. 1859)
  • 1928 – H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1852)
  • 1932 – Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress (b. 1865)
  • 1939 – Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1959 – Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1879)
  • 1964 – Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (b. 1880)
  • 1965 – Nat King Cole, American singer and musician (b. 1919)
  • 1966 – Gerard Ciolek, Polish architect and historian of gardens (b. 1909)
  • 1971 – Dimitrios Loundras, Greek gymnast (b. 1885)
  • 1973 – Wally Cox, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1973 – Tim Holt, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1974 – Kurt Atterberg, Swedish composer (b. 1887)
  • 1981 – Mike Bloomfield, American musician (b. 1943)
  • 1981 – Karl Richter, German conductor (b. 1926)
  • 1984 – Ethel Merman, American singer and actress (b. 1908)
  • 1988 – Richard Feynman, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1992 – María Elena Moyano, Peruvian activist (b. 1960)
  • 1992 – William Schuman, American composer (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Tommy Rettig, American actor (b. 1941)
  • 1996 – McLean Stevenson, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1996 – Lucio Agostini, Canadian composer and conductor (b. 1913)
  • 1998 – Louie Spicolli, American professional wrestler
  • 1999 – Big L (Lamont Coleman), American rapper (b. 1974)
  • 1999 – Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Howard K. Smith, American journalist (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Kevin Smith, New Zealand actor (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Jens Evensen, Norwegian minister and International Court of Justice judge (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Jan Miner, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Samuel Francis, American journalist (b. 1947)
  • 2005 – Pierre Bachelet, French singer and songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Walker Edmiston, actor (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Ray Evans, American songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2008 – Willie P. Bennett Canadian songwriter and singer (b. 1951)
  • 2008 – Ashley Callie, South African Actress (b. 1976)

February 15 – Holidays:

  • Lupercalia
  • Flag Day in Canada
  • John Frum Day in Vanuatu
  • National Day in Serbia
  • Total Defence Day in Singapore
  • In the Eastern Orthodox Church
    • Candlemas
    • In the Roman Catholic Church:
      • Saint Siegfried of Sweden
      • Saints Faustin and Jovita
      • Saint Claude de la Colombière

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On This Day in History February 14

February 14 – Events:

  • 842 – Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German languages.
  • 1014 – Pope Benedict VIII recognizes Henry of Bavaria as King of Germany.
  • 1076 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1349 – Approximately 2,000 Jews are burned to death by mobs or forcibly removed from the city of Strasbourg.
  • 1556 – Thomas Cranmer is declared a heretic.
  • 1743 – Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister.
  • 1778 – The United States Flag is formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the first time, when French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte rendered a nine gun salute to USS Ranger, commanded by John Paul Jones.
  • 1779 – James Cook is killed by Native Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii.
  • 1797 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Cape St. Vincent – John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent and Horatio Nelson (later 1st Viscount Nelson) lead the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in action near Gibraltar.
  • 1803 – Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.
  • 1804 – Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1831 – Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
  • 1835 – The original Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is formed in Kirtland, Ohio.
  • 1849 – In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken.
  • 1855 – Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
  • 1859 – Oregon is admitted as the 33rd U.S. state.
  • 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell applies for a patent for the telephone, as does Elisha Gray.
  • 1879 – The War of the Pacific breaks out when Chilean armed forces occupy the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.
  • 1899 – Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
  • 1900 – Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
  • 1903 – The United States Department of Commerce and Labor is established (later split into Department of Commerce and Department of Labor).
  • 1912 – Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state.
  • 1912 – In Groton, Connecticut, the first diesel-powered submarine is commissioned.
  • 1918 – The Soviet Union adopts the Gregorian calendar (on 1 February according to the Julian calendar).
  • 1919 – The Polish-Soviet War begins.
  • 1920 – The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1924 – The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is founded.
  • 1929 – St. Valentine’s Day Massacre: Seven people, six of them gangster rivals of Al Capone’s gang, are murdered in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1942 – Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
  • 1943 – World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Kasserine Pass – German General Erwin Rommel and the Afrika Korps launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia.
  • 1944 – World War II: Anti-Japanese revolt on Java.
  • 1945 – World War II: On the second day of the bombing of Dresden , the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin firebombing Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony.
  • 1945 – World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • 1945 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially starting the U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relationship.
  • 1945 – World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • 1946 – The Bank of England is nationalized.
  • 1949 – The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time.
  • 1949 – The Asbestos Strike begins in Canada. The strike marks the beginning of the Quiet Revolution in Quebec.
  • 1956 – The XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union begins in Moscow. On the last night of the meeting, Premier Nikita Khrushchev condemns Josef Stalin’s crimes in a secret speech.
  • 1961 – Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, is first synthesized at the University of California.
  • 1962 – First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy takes television viewers on a tour of the White House.
  • 1966 – Australian currency is decimalized.
  • 1966 – Wilt Chamberlain breaks NBA career scoring record at 20,884 points.
  • 1967 – Aretha Franklin records “Respect.”
  • 1971 – Movie “Ben Hur” first shown on television.
  • 1971 – Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House.
  • 1979 – In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.
  • 1980 – 13th Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY.
  • 1981 – Stardust Disaster: A fire in a Dublin nightclub kills 48 people
  • 1983 – United American Bank of Knoxville, Tennessee collapses. Its president, Jake Butcher is later convicted of fraud.
  • 1985 – Hostage CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is released in Beirut.
  • 1988 – Bobby Allison at 50 becomes oldest driver to win Daytona 500.
  • 1988 – General hospital star Jackie Zeman marries Glenn Gorden.
  • 1989 – Boxer Mike Tyson & actress Robin Given divorce.
  • 1989 – Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal Disaster.
  • 1989 – Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini issues a fatwa encouraging Muslims to kill the author of The Satanic Verses, Salman Rushdie.
  • 1989 – The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit.
  • 1990 – 92 people are killed aboard Indian Airlines Flight 605 at Bangalore, India.
  • 1994 – Andrei Chikatilo, a Russian serial killer is executed by shooting.
  • 1996 – China launches a Long March 3 rocket, carrying the Intelsat 708 satellite. The rocket flies off course 3 seconds after liftoff and crashes into a rural village.
  • 1998 – Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing.
  • 2000 – The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.
  • 2002 – The Tullaghmurray Lass sinks off the coast of Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland killing three members of the same family on board.
  • 2004 – In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.
  • 2005 – Lebanon’s former Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, is assassinated, prompting the country to fall into chaos.
  • 2005 – Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines’ Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
  • 2008 – Northern Illinois University shooting: a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 24 casualties; 6 fatalities (including gunman) and 18 injured.

February 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1404 – Leone Battista Alberti, Italian painter and philosopher (d. 1472)
  • 1468 – Johann Werner, German mathematician (d. 1522)
  • 1483 – Babur, Moghul emperor of India (d. 1530)
  • 1602 – Francesco Cavalli, Italian composer (d. 1676)
  • 1680 – John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor (d. 1737)
  • 1692 – Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (d. 1754)
  • 1701 – Enrique Florez, Spanish historian (d. 1773)
  • 1763 – Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (d. 1813)
  • 1788 – Fernando Sor, Spanish composer (d. 1839)
  • 1800 – Emory Washburn, 22nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1877)
  • 1812 – Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist (d. 1846)
  • 1819 – Joshua A. Norton, American eccentric (d. 1880)
  • 1819 – Christopher Sholes, American inventor (d. 1890)
  • 1824 – Winfield Scott Hancock, American Civil War Union general (d. 1886)
  • 1828 – Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (d. 1885)
  • 1838 – Margaret Knight, American inventor, famous as female Thomas Edison, (d. 1914)
  • 1846 – Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient. (d. 1901)
  • 1847 – Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette (d. 1919)
  • 1847 – Maria Pia of Italy, queen of Portugal (d. 1911)
  • 1848 – Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (d. 1934)
  • 1856 – Frank Harris, Irish author and editor (d. 1931)
  • 1859 – George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr., engineer and inventor (d. 1896)
  • 1869 – Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1959)
  • 1871 – Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (d. 1959)
  • 1884 – Hezekiah M. Washburn, missionary (d. 1972)
  • 1884 – Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet (d. 1974)
  • 1884 – Joe Jagersberger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1952)
  • 1885 – Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim Indian/Pakistani philosopher (d. 1949)
  • 1890 – Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist (d. 1956)
  • 1892 – Radola Gajda, Czech military commander (d. 1948)
  • 1894 – Jack Benny, American actor and comedian (d. 1974)
  • 1895 – Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (d. 1973)
  • 1898 – Fritz Zwicky, Swiss-American physicist and astronomer (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – Thelma Ritter, American actress (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Stu Erwin, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1904 – Charles Oatley, Professor of electrical engineering, (scanning electron microscope), (d. 1996)
  • 1904 – Hertta Kuusinen, Finnish communist (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Mel Allen, American sports reporter (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Woody Hayes, American college football coach (d. 1987)
  • 1913 – Jimmy Hoffa, American labor union leader (disappeared 1975)
  • 1914 – Margarete Mewes, Nazi overseer at concentration camp
  • 1914 – Norman Von Nida, Australian golfer (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – Marcel Bigeard, French general
  • 1916 – Masaki Kobayashi, Japanese director (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Edward Platt, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1917 – Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1921 – Hugh Downs, American television host
  • 1922 – Murray the K, American impresario and disk jockey (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Vic Morrow, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1931 – Bernie Geoffrion, Canadian hockey player (d. 2006)
  • 1931 – Brian Kelly, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Phyllis McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
  • 1932 – Alexander Kluge, German actor and film director
  • 1933 – Madhubala, Indian actress (d. 1969)
  • 1934 – Michel Corboz, Swiss conductor
  • 1934 – Florence Henderson, American actress
  • 1936 – Fanne Foxe, Argentine dancer and focus of a 1974 scandal involving Congressman Wilbur Mills.
  • 1936 – Andrew Prine, American actor
  • 1941 – Donna Shalala, American educator
  • 1941 – Paul Tsongas, United States Senator from Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • 1942 – Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City
  • 1942 – Andrew Robinson, American actor
  • 1942 – Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (d. 1962)
  • 1943 – Maceo Parker, American musician (P-Funk)
  • 1943 – Aaron Russo, American movie producer (d. 2007)
  • 1944 – Carl Bernstein, American journalist
  • 1944 – Alan Parker, British film director and writer
  • 1944 – Ronnie Peterson, Swedish racing driver (d. 1978)
  • 1945 – Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein
  • 1946 – Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru (d. 2003)
  • 1946 – Gregory Hines, American dancer and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1947 – Tim Buckley, American singer-songwriter (d. 1975)
  • 1948 – Pat O’Brien, American sportscaster and television host
  • 1948 – Teller, American magician (Penn and Teller)
  • 1950 – Roger Fisher, American musician (Heart)
  • 1951 – Kevin Keegan, English footballer
  • 1951 – JoJo Starbuck, American ice skater
  • 1952 – Nancy Keenan, current NARAL president
  • 1955 – James Eckhouse, American actor
  • 1955 – Rip Rogers, American professional wrestler
  • 1957 – Alan Hunter, one of the original MTV VJ’s
  • 1957 – Soile Isokoski, Finnish soprano
  • 1958 – Enrique Mansilla, Argentine racing driver
  • 1958 – Grant Thomas, Australian rules footballer
  • 1959 – Renée Fleming, American soprano
  • 1960 – Jim Kelly, American football player
  • 1960 – Meg Tilly, Canadian actress
  • 1961 – Phillip Hamilton, American author
  • 1962 – Kevyn Aucoin, American cosmetologist (d. 2002)
  • 1962 – Michael Higgs, English actor
  • 1962 – Philippe Sella, French rugby player
  • 1962 – Sakina Jaffrey, Indian actress
  • 1963 – Enrico Colantoni, Canadian actor
  • 1964 – Gianni Bugno, Italian cyclist
  • 1964 – Zach Galligan, American actor
  • 1966 – Petr Svoboda, National Hockey League player
  • 1967 – Manuela Maleeva, Bulgarian tennis player
  • 1967 – Stelios Haji-Ioannou, British entrepreneur
  • 1968 – Jules Asner, American television personality
  • 1969 – Adriana Behar, Brazilian beach volleyball player
  • 1969 – Harry Colon, American football player
  • 1970 – Giuseppe Guerini, Italian cyclist
  • 1970 – Simon Pegg, British comedian and actor
  • 1971 – Tommy Dreamer, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Noriko Sakai, Japanese singer
  • 1972 – Drew Bledsoe, American football player
  • 1972 – Big Daddy V, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Hiroshi, Japanese comedian
  • 1972 – Najwa Nimri, Spanish actress
  • 1972 – Rob Thomas, American musician (Matchbox Twenty)
  • 1973 – Steve McNair, American football player
  • 1974 – Filippa Giordano, Italian singer
  • 1974 – Philippe Léonard, Belgian footballer
  • 1975 – Scott Owen, Australian musician (The Living End)
  • 1975 – Yul Kwon, American Survivor contestant
  • 1976 – Liv Kristine, Norwegian singer (Leaves’ Eyes)
  • 1977 – Darren Bennett, a Professional Latin Ballroom Dancer
  • 1977 – Cadel Evans, Australian cyclist
  • 1977 – Darren Purse, English footballer
  • 1977 – Elmer Symons, South African motorcycle racer (d. 2007)
  • 1978 – Dean Gaffney, British actor
  • 1978 – Richard Hamilton, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Darius Songaila, basketball player
  • 1979 – Pablo Pallante, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1980 – Fátima Leyva, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Michelle Ye, Hong Kong actress
  • 1980 – Josh Senter, American screenwriter
  • 1982 – Marián Gáborík, Slovak hockey player
  • 1983 – Bacary Sagna, French footballer
  • 1983 – Rhydian Roberts, Welsh Singer, X factor Runner Up
  • 1984 – Hamed Namouchi, Tunisian footballer
  • 1985 – Karima Adebibe, Moroccan-English actress and model
  • 1985 – Tyler Clippard, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Heart Evangelista, Pinay celebrity
  • 1985 – Natsume Sano, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1985 – Philippe Senderos, Swiss footballer
  • 1985 – Miki Yeung, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1986 – Michael Ammermüller, German racing driver
  • 1986 – Roxanne Guinoo, Filipino actress
  • 1987 – Joseph Pichler, American actor
  • 1987 – Julia Savicheva, Russian singer
  • 1987 – David Wheater, English footballer
  • 1988 – Ángel Di María, Argentine footballer
  • 1988 – Eliska Sursova, American actress
  • 1992 – Freddie Highmore, English actor
  • 1995 – Paul Butcher, American actor

February 14 – Deaths:

  • 270 – St. Valentine marking Valentines Day (some sources say 269, others 273).
  • 869 – Saint Cyril, Greek monk, scholar, theologian and linguist (b. 827)
  • 1317 – Marguerite of France, queen of Edward I of England (b. 1282)
  • 1400 – King Richard II of England (murdered) (b. 1367)
  • 1405 – Timur, Mongol conqueror (b. 1336)
  • 1571 – Odet de Coligny, French cardinal and Protestant (b. 1517)
  • 1676 – Abraham Bosse, French engraver and artist
  • 1714 – Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen Consort of Spain (b. 1688)
  • 1737 – Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot of Hensol, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1685)
  • 1744 – John Hadley, inventor (b. 1682)
  • 1779 – James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (b. 1728)
  • 1780 – William Blackstone, English jurist (b. 1723)
  • 1808 – John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (b. 1732)
  • 1831 – Vicente Guerrero, Mexican revolutionary hero (b. 1782)
  • 1831 – Henry Maudslay, English inventor (b. 1771)
  • 1870 – St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General (b. 1815)
  • 1881 – Fernando Wood, New York City mayor (b. 1812)
  • 1885 – Jules Vallès, French writer (b. 1832)
  • 1891 – William Tecumseh Sherman, Civil War General (b. 1820)
  • 1894 – Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (b. 1814)
  • 1922 – Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (assassinated) (b. 1880)
  • 1929 – Tom Burke, American runner (b. 1875)
  • 1942 – Adnan Bin Saidi, Officer of the Malay Regiment killed in the defense of Singapore (b. 1915)
  • 1943 – Dora Gerson, German actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (b. 1899)
  • 1943 – David Hilbert, German mathematician (b. 1862)
  • 1945 – Mordecai Brown, baseball player (b. 1876)
  • 1949 – Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
  • 1950 – Karl Guthe Jansky, American Discoverer of cosmic radio waves (b. 1905)
  • 1952 – Maurice De Waele, Belgian cyclist (b. 1896)
  • 1958 – Abdul Rab Nishtar, veteran leader of Pakistan Movement, (b. 1899)
  • 1959 – Baby Dodds, American jazz drummer (b. 1898)
  • 1967 – Sig Ruman, German-American actor (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – Vito Genovese, American gangster (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (b. 1880).
  • 1974 – Stewie Dempster, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1903)
  • 1975 – Julian Huxley, British biologist (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – P. G. Wodehouse, English writer (b. 1881)
  • 1979 – Adolph Dubs, American diplomat (b. 1920)
  • 1980 – Luitkonwar Rudra Baruah, Assamese composer and actor
  • 1983 – Lina Radke, German athlete (b. 1903)
  • 1987 – Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky, Russian composer (b. 1904)
  • 1987 – Karolos Koun, Greek theater director (b. 1908)
  • 1988 – Frederick Loewe, Austrian-American composer (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – James Bond, American ornithologist (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – Tony Holiday, German singer
  • 1994 – Andrei Chikatilo, Russian serial killer (executed) (b. 1936)
  • 1995 – U Nu, Burmese politician (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Michael V. Gazzo, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1996 – Bob Paisley, English football manager (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – John Ehrlichman, American presidential advisor (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Buddy Knox, American singer and songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2002 – Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Dolly, first cloned mammal (b. 1996)
  • 2003 – Johnny Longden, English jockey (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)
  • 2005 – Najai Turpin, American boxer
  • 2005 – Rafik Hariri, Lebanese politician and billionaire businessman (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Shoshana Damari, Israeli singer and actress (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Lynden David Hall, British singer (b. 1974)
  • 2006 – Darry Cowl, French musician and actor (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Gareth Morris, British flautist (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Ryan Larkin, Canadian animated film maker. (b. 1943)

February 14 – Holidays:

  • Bulgaria – Trifon Zarezan (Wine-grower’s Day)
  • Mexico – Day of National Mourning (1831).
  • Arizona – Admission Day (1912).
  • Oregon – Admission Day (1859).
  • Western World – St. Valentine’s Day.
  • Iraq – ‘Communist Martyrs Day’ celebrated by Iraqi Communist Party.
  • Europe/Catholicism – Feast day of Saints Cyril and Methodius, patron saints of Europe.
  • Saint Valentine (d. 422).

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