On This Day in History November 23

November 23 – Events:

  • 800 – Charlemagne arrives at Rome to examine the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.
  • 1227 – Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gasawa.
  • 1248 – Conquest of Seville by the Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile.
  • 1499 – Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
  • 1531 – The Second war of Kappel results in the dissolution of the Protestant alliance in Switzerland.
  • 1644 – Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship, and written by John Milton is published.
  • 1654 – French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense mystical vision that marks him for life.
  • 1844 – Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga begins – Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant reinforce troops at Chattanooga, Tennessee and counter-attack Confederate troops.
  • 1867 – The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for rescuing two Irish men from jail.
  • 1869 – In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched – one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
  • 1876 – Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Marcy Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
  • 1889 – The first jukebox goes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.
  • 1890 – King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to become leader.
  • 1903 – Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners’ strike.
  • 1914 – The US Army retreats from Mexico.
  • 1934 – An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • 1936 – The first edition of Life is published.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It will eventually be rebuilt in 1961 and be called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
  • 1943 – World War II: Tarawa and Makin atolls fall to American forces.
  • 1946 – The Workers Party of South Korea is founded.
  • 1954 – For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.
  • 1955 – The Cocos Islands are transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to Australia.
  • 1959 – General Charles de Gaulle, President of France, declares in a speech in Strasbourg his vision for a “Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals.”
  • 1962 – United Airlines Flight 297 crashes killing all 17 on-board.
  • 1971 – The representatives of the People’s Republic of China first attended the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, as China’s representatives
  • 1976 – Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment.
  • 1979 – In Dublin, Ireland, Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
  • 1980 – A series of earthquakes in southern Italy kills approximately 4,800 people.
  • 1981 – Iran-Contra Affair: Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the Central Intelligence Agency the authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1985 – Gunmen hijack EgyptAir Flight 648 while en route from Athens to Cairo. When the plane lands in Malta, Egyptian commandos storm the hijacked jetliner, but 60 people die in the raid.
  • 1990 – The first all woman expedition to the south pole (3 Americans, 1 Japanese and 12 Russians), sets off from Antarctica on the 1st leg of a 70 day, 1287 kilometre ski trek.
  • 1993 – Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize award for best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year.
  • 1996 – Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 123.
  • 1996 – The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization.
  • 1998 – Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh.
  • 2001 – Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
  • 2003 – Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.
  • 2005 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country.
  • 2007 – MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.
  • 2007 – A boating accident claims the lives of several contestants in the 2007 Cambodia Tonle Sap competition, including Reuben Kee.
  • 2007 – Australian retailer Coles Group ceased trading, transferring ownership to Wesfarmers Limited; making it the most expensive and biggest takeover in Australian history.

November 23 – Birthdays:

  • 912 – Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 973)
  • 1221 – King Alfonso X of Castile (d. 1284)
  • 1402 – Jean de Dunois, French soldier (d. 1468)
  • 1417 – William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)
  • 1553 – Prospero Alpini, Italian physician and botanist (d. 1617)
  • 1616 – John Wallis, English mathematician (d. 1703)
  • 1632 – Jean Mabillon, French palaeographer and diplomat (d. 1707)
  • 1641 – Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1705 – Thomas Birch, English historian (d. 1766)
  • 1715 – Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
  • 1719 – Spranger Barry, Irish actor (d. 1777)
  • 1749 – Edward Rutledge, U.S. statesman (d. 1800)
  • 1760 – François-Noël Babeuf, French revolutionary (d. 1797)
  • 1785 – Jan Roothaan, Dutch priest (d. 1853)
  • 1804 – Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States (d. 1869)
  • 1820 – Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
  • 1837 – Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1923)
  • 1859 – Billy The Kid, American outlaw (d. 1881(?))
  • 1860 – Hjalmar Branting, Prime Minister of Sweden, and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1925)
  • 1861 – Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1864 – Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936)
  • 1869 – Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1875 – Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian literary critic and politician (d. 1933)
  • 1876 – Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (d. 1946)
  • 1883 – José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter (d. 1949)
  • 1887 – Eduardo Corrochio, Spanish-born dancer (d. 1943)
  • 1887 – Boris Karloff, British actor (d. 1969)
  • 1887 – Henry Moseley, English physicist (d. 1915)
  • 1888 – Harpo Marx, American comedian (d. 1964)
  • 1890 – El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)
  • 1892 – Erté, French artist (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • 1897 – Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (d. 1948)
  • 1902 – Victor Jory, Canadian actor (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Lars Leksell, Swedish physician (d. 1986)
  • 1908 – Nelson S. Bond, American science fiction writer (d. 2006)
  • 1909 – Nigel Tranter, British historian and writer (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – George O’Hanlon, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Roger Avon, Durham actor (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Michael Gough, English actor
  • 1915 – John Dehner, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Paul Celan, Romanian-born German poet (d. 1970)
  • 1920 – Wayne Thiebaud, American painter
  • 1921 – Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (d. 1960)
  • 1922 – Manuel Fraga Iribarne, president of Spanish Galicia
  • 1923 – R. L. Burnside, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Daniel Brewster, American democrat (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)
  • 1924 – Paula Raymond, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Colin Macmillan Turnbull, British-born anthropologist (d. 1994)
  • 1925 – Johnny Mandel, American songwriter
  • 1925 – José Napoleón Duarte, Salvadorian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1926 – Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philosopher
  • 1927 – Guy Davenport, American author, artist, and scholar (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Jerry Bock, American Broadway composer
  • 1929 – Hal Lindsey, American evangelist and Christian writer
  • 1930 – Jack McKeon, American baseball manager
  • 1931 – Dervla Murphy, Irish traveller and author
  • 1931 – Gloria Lynne, American singer
  • 1933 – Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer
  • 1934 – Robert Towne, American screenwriter and director
  • 1934 – Lew Hoad, Australian tennis player (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – Vladislav Volkov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1971)
  • 1936 – Robert Barnard, British mystery writer
  • 1938 – Esko Nikkari, Finnish actor
  • 1939 – Betty Everett, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Luis Tiant, Cuban baseball player
  • 1941 – Franco Nero, Italian actor
  • 1942 – Susan Anspach, American actress
  • 1943 – Andrew Goodman, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • 1943 – Sue Nicholls, British actress
  • 1944 – Joe Eszterhas, Hungarian-born film producer and writer
  • 1944 – James Toback, American writer and director
  • 1945 – Keith Hampshire, English singer-songwriter
  • 1945 – Steve Landesberg, American actor
  • 1945 – Dennis Nilsen, Scottish serial killer
  • 1945 – Jerry Harris, American sculptor
  • 1946 – Bobby Rush, American politician
  • 1946 – Giorgos Koudas, Greek footballer
  • 1946 – Diana Quick, English actress
  • 1948 – Bruce Vilanch, American comedy writer
  • 1950 – Chuck Schumer, American politician
  • 1951 – David Rappaport, English actor (d. 1990)
  • 1952 – Bill Troiano, musician
  • 1953 – Francis Cabrel, French singer
  • 1954 – Bruce Hornsby, American musician
  • 1954 – Glenn Brummer, American baseball player
  • 1954 – Ross Brawn, British Honda Racing F1 team principal
  • 1955 – Steven Brust, American author
  • 1955 – Ludovico Einaudi, Italian composer and pianist
  • 1959 – Maxwell Caulfield, British actor
  • 1959 – Dominique Dunne, American actress (d. 1982)
  • 1960 – Robin Roberts, American television reporter
  • 1961 – Merv Hughes, Australian cricketer
  • 1961 – Keith Ablow, American psychiatrist and author
  • 1963 – Joe Ahearne, British television director
  • 1963 – Mamoru Takuma, Japanese mass murderer and rapist (d. 2004)
  • 1964 – Frank Rutherford, Bahamian athlete
  • 1965 – Jennifer Michael Hecht, American poet and historian
  • 1966 – Vincent Cassel, French actor
  • 1966 – Jerry Kelly, American professional golfer
  • 1968 – Hamid Hassani, Iranian lexicographer
  • 1968 – Kirsty Young, Scottish television journalist
  • 1969 – Jonathan Seet, Canadian singer
  • 1970 – Zoë Ball, British television and radio presenter
  • 1970 – Oded Fehr, Israeli actor
  • 1971 – Lisa Arch, American actress
  • 1972 – Chris Adler, American musician (Lamb of God)
  • 1973 – Trick Daddy, American rapper
  • 1974 – Jamie Sharper, American football player
  • 1974 – Saku Koivu, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Page Kennedy, American actor
  • 1977 – Myriam Boileau, Canadian diver
  • 1977 – Adam Eaton, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kayvan Novak, English actor
  • 1979 – Kelly Brook, English actress/model
  • 1980 – David Britz, American nano-technologist
  • 1980 – Jonathan Papelbon, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Colby Armstrong, Canadian ice-hockey player
  • 1982 – Asafa Powell, Jamaican sprinter
  • 1984 – Lucas Grabeel, American actor and singer
  • 1985 – Ahn Hyun-Soo, South Korean short track skater
  • 1992 – Miley Cyrus, American actress and singer (Hannah Montana)

November 23 – Deaths:

  • 947 – Berthold, Duke of Bavaria
  • 955 – Edred, King of England (b. c. 923)
  • 1407 – Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (murdered) (b. 1372)
  • 1457 – King Ladislaus Posthumus of Bohemia and Hungary (b. 1440)
  • 1499 – Perkin Warbeck, Flemish imposter (b. 1474)
  • 1503 – Margaret of York, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1446)
  • 1572 – Agnolo di Cosimo, Italian artist and poet (b. 1503)
  • 1585 – Thomas Tallis, English composer (b. 1505)
  • 1616 – Richard Hakluyt, English writer (b. 1552)
  • 1682 – Claude Lorrain, French painter (b. 1604)
  • 1763 – Friedrich Graf von Seckendorf, German soldier (b. 1673)
  • 1769 – Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (b. 1711)
  • 1783 – Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
  • 1803 – Roger Newdigate, British politician (b. 1719)
  • 1804 – Richard Graves, British writer (b. 1715)
  • 1807 – Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (b. 1747)
  • 1814 – Elbridge Gerry, Vice President of the United States of America (b. 1744)
  • 1833 – Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (b. 1762)
  • 1890 – King William III of the Netherlands (b. 1817)
  • 1902 – Walter Reed, American bacteriologist (b. 1851)
  • 1923 – Urmuz, Romanian writer (b. 1883)
  • 1934 – Giovanni Brunero, Italian cyclist (b. 1895)
  • 1937 – Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1858)
  • 1937 – George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (b. 1858)
  • 1948 – Hack Wilson, American baseball player (b. 1900)
  • 1966 – Seán T. O’Kelly, President of Ireland (b. 1882)
  • 1970 – Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (b. 1910)
  • 1972 – Marie Wilson, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 1973 – Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor (b. 1889)
  • 1974 – Cornelius Ryan, Irish-born author (b. 1920)
  • 1976 – André Malraux, French author (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Merle Oberon, British actress (b. 1911)
  • 1979 – Judee Sill, American musician and songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 1983 – Juhan Muks, Estonian artist (b. 1899)
  • 1990 – Roald Dahl, British author (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Bo Diaz, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1953)
  • 1991 – Freddie Mercury, British singer, (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Eric Carr, American drummer (b. 1950)
  • 1992 – Roy Acuff, American country musician (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Jean-François Thiriart, Belgian politician (b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Art Barr, American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 1994 – Tommy Boyce, American songwriter (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Louis Malle, French film director (b. 1932)
  • 1995 – Jr. Walker, American musician (b. 1931)
  • 1996 – Mohamed Amin, Kenyan photojournalist (b. 1943)
  • 1996 – Art Porter, Jr., American jazz musician (b. 1961)
  • 1997 – Jorge Más Canosa, anti-Castro activist (b. 1939)
  • 2001 – Bo Belinsky, American baseball player (b. 1936)
  • 2001 – O.C. Smith, American singer (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Roberto Matta, Chilean painter (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Pete Franklin, American talk radio host (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Constance Cummings, American-born British actress (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – Frank Gatski, American football player (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Nick Clarke, English radio presenter (b. 1948)
  • 2006 – Betty Comden, American lyricist (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Alexander Litvinenko, Russian spy (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Philippe Noiret, French actor (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Anita O’Day, American singer (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Willie Pep, American boxer (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Joe Kennedy, American baseball player (b. 1979)
  • 2007 – Óscar Carmelo Sánchez, Bolivian footballer (b. 1971)
  • 2007 – Pat Walsh, New Zealand rugby union footballer (b. 1936)

November 23 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – Pope Clement I
  • Bahá’í Faith – Feast of Qawl (Speech) – First day of the 14th month of the Bahá’í calendar
  • Alexander Nevsky’s feast day in the Russian Orthodox Church
  • Georgia – St George’s Day
  • Japan – Kinro kansha no hi (Labour Thanksgiving Day)
  • Slovenia – Rudolf Maister Day

 

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 22

November 22 – Events:

  • 498 – After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran Palace, while Laurentius is elected Pope in Santa Maria Maggiore.
  • 845 – The first King of all Brittany, Nominoe defeats the Frankish king Charles the Bald at the battle of Ballon near Redon.
  • 1718 – Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach (best known as “Blackbeard”) was killed in battle with a boarding party led by Lieutenant Robert Maynard.
  • 1830 – Charles Grey, (2nd Earl Grey), became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea: Confederate General John Bell Hood invaded Tennessee in an unsuccessful attempt to draw Union General William T. Sherman from Georgia.
  • 1922 – Egyptology: Howard Carter, assisted by Lord Carnarvon, opened the tomb of Tutankhamun.
  • 1935 – The China Clipper took off from Alameda, California in an attempt to deliver the first airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean (the airplane later reached its destination, Manila, and delivered over 110,000 pieces of mail).
  • 1940 – World War II: Following the Italian invasion, Greek troops advanced into Albanian soil and liberated Korytsa.
  • 1940 – Philip Murray succeeds founder John L. Lewis as president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad – General Friedrich Paulus sent Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th army was surrounded.
  • 1943 – World War II: War in the Pacific – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Shek met in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan
  • 1943 – Lebanon gained independence from France.
  • 1963 – John F. Kennedy assassination: In Dallas, Texas, US President John F. Kennedy was killed and Texas Governor John B. Connally was seriously wounded by an assassin, identified as Lee Harvey Oswald, who was later captured and charged with the murder of police officer J. D. Tippit. That same day, US Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.
  • 1965 D.N. Aidit, head of the Communist Party of Indonesia is captured and killed by the Indonesian military in the aftermath of the G30S coup attempt.
  • 1967 – UN Security Council Resolution 242 was adopted by the UN Security Council, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab-Israeli peace settlement.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The United States loses its first B-52 Stratofortress of the war.
  • 1974 – The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status.
  • 1975 – Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco.
  • 1977 – British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.
  • 1977 – First three nodes of the ARPAnet are connected, in what would eventually become the Internet.
  • 1987 – Two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom
  • 1988 – In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed.
  • 1989 – In West Beirut, a bomb explodes near the motorcade of Lebanese President Rene Moawad, killing him.
  • 1990 – Margaret Thatcher resigns as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1995 – Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
  • 2002 – In Nigeria, more than 100 people are killed at an attack aimed at the contestants of the Miss World contest.
  • 2003 – In Tbilisi, Georgia, opponents of President Eduard Shevardnadze seize the parliament building and demand the president’s resignation.
  • 2004 – The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections.
  • 2005 – Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany.

November 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1458 – Jacob Obrecht, Dutch composer (d. 1505)
  • 1515 – Marie of Guise, Queen consort of James V of Scotland and regent of Scotland (d. 1560)
  • 1564 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (d. 1610)
  • 1602 – Elisabeth of Bourbon, Queen of Philip IV of Spain (d. 1644)
  • 1635 – Francis Willughby, English biologist (d. 1672)
  • 1643 – Robert Cavelier de La Salle, French explorer (d. 1687)
  • 1698 – Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor (d. 1778)
  • 1710 – Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, German composer (d. 1784)
  • 1721 – Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-born Canadian statesman (d. 1824)
  • 1722 – Hryhori Skovoroda, Ukrainian poet (d. 1794)
  • 1767 – Andreas Hofer, Tyrolian patriot (d. 1810)
  • 1787 – Rasmus Christian Rask, Danish linguist (d. 1823)
  • 1808 – Thomas Cook, British travel entrepreneur (d. 1892)
  • 1814 – Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1819 – George Eliot, British novelist (d. 1880)
  • 1849 – Christian Rohlfs, German artist (d. 1938)
  • 1852 – Paul-Henri-Benjamin d’Estournelles de Constant, French diplomat, Nobel laureate (d. 1924)
  • 1856 – Heber J. Grant, American religious leader (d. 1945)
  • 1868 – John Nance Garner, U.S. Vice President (d. 1967)
  • 1869 – André Gide, French writer and Nobel laureate (d. 1951)
  • 1877 – Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (d. 1919)
  • 1877 – Joan Gamper, Swiss-born businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (d. 1930)
  • 1884 – Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani biographer of Muhammad (d. 1953)
  • 1890 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (d. 1969)
  • 1897 – Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1898 – Wiley Post, American pilot (d. 1935)
  • 1899 – Hoagy Carmichael, American composer (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Joaquin Rodrigo, Spanish composer (d. 1999)
  • 1902 – Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, French general (d. 1947)
  • 1902 – Sir Humphrey Gibbs, Rhodesian politician (d. 1990)
  • 1902 – Albert Leduc, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1990)
  • 1904 – Louis Eugène Félix Néel, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Mikhail Mil, Russian constructor of Mil helicopters and founder of the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant (d. 1970)
  • 1913 – Benjamin Britten, British composer (d. 1976)
  • 1914 – Peter Townsend, British Equerry and air pilot (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Andrew Fielding Huxley, British scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1918 – Claiborne Pell, American politician
  • 1919 – Máire Drumm, Irish Civil Rights leader (Murdered 1976)
  • 1921 – Rodney Dangerfield, American comedian (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Brian Cleeve, Irish broadcaster (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Dika Newlin, American composer and singer (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director
  • 1924 – Geraldine Page, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1925 – Gunther Schuller, American composer and conductor
  • 1926 – Lew Burdette, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Arthur Jones (inventor), American inventor (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Aleksandar Popovic, Serbian theatre writer (d. 1996)
  • 1932 – Robert Vaughn, American actor
  • 1936 – Joachim Bißmeier, German actor
  • 1938 – Henry C. Lee, Chinese American criminologist
  • 1939 – Tom West, American astrophysicist
  • 1939 – Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician
  • 1940 – Terry Gilliam, American-born British comedian
  • 1940 – Roy Thomas, American comic book writer
  • 1941 – Tom Conti, British actor
  • 1941 – Jacques Laperrière, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1941 – Jesse Colin Young, American musician
  • 1941 – Terry Stafford, American singer and songwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1942 – Guion Bluford, First African American in space
  • 1943 – Billie Jean King, American tennis player
  • 1943 – Yvan Cournoyer, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1945 – Tom Freston, American television executive
  • 1946 – Aston Barrett, Jamaican musician (The Wailers Band)
  • 1947 – Valerie Wilson Wesley, American author
  • 1947 – Sandy Alderson, American baseball executive
  • 1947 – Paloma San Basilio, Spanish singer
  • 1948 – Radomir Antic, Serbian football manager
  • 1949 – Richard Carmona, Surgeon General of the United States
  • 1950 – Lyman Bostock, American baseball player (d. 1978)
  • 1950 – Steven Van Zandt, American musician
  • 1950 – Tina Weymouth, American musician (Talking Heads, Tom Tom Club)
  • 1951 – Kent Nagano, American conductor
  • 1953 – Billy M. Sprague, American rocket scientist
  • 1956 – Lawrence Gowan, Canadian singer (Styx)
  • 1956 – Richard Kind, American actor
  • 1958 – Jamie Lee Curtis, American actress
  • 1958 – Lee Guetterman, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Horse McDonald, Scottish singer/songwriter
  • 1959 – Frank McAvennie, Scottish footballer
  • 1959 – Fabio Parra, Colombian cyclist
  • 1960 – Bruce Payne, English actor
  • 1960 – Léos Carax, French film director
  • 1961 – Mariel Hemingway, American actress
  • 1961 – Randal L. Schwartz, American computer programmer
  • 1961 – Stephen Hough, British concert pianist
  • 1962 – Victor Pelevin, Russian writer
  • 1963 – Scoop Jackson, American sports journalist
  • 1964 – Robbie Slater, Australian former footballer
  • 1965 – Mads Mikkelsen, Danish actor
  • 1966 – Richard Stanley, South African film director
  • 1967 – Mark Ruffalo, American actor
  • 1967 – Boris Becker, German tennis player
  • 1967 – Bart Veldkamp, Dutch speed skater
  • 1968 – Rasmus Lerdorf, Greenlandic computer programmer
  • 1969 – Marjane Satrapi, Iranian graphic novelist (The Complete Persepolis)
  • 1970 – Marvan Atapattu, Sri Lankan cricket player
  • 1970 – Stel Pavlou, British novelist
  • 1972 – Jay Payton, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Joe Nathan, American baseball player
  • 1974 – David Pelletier, Canadian figure skater
  • 1975 – Aiko, Japanese singer
  • 1976 – Adrian Bakalli, Belgian footballer
  • 1976 – Torsten Frings, German footballer
  • 1976 – Regina Halmich, German female boxer
  • 1976 – Ville Valo, Finnish singer (HIM)
  • 1977 – Michael Preston, English footballer
  • 1978 – Karen O, American singer (Yeah Yeah Yeahs)
  • 1979 – Chris Doran, Irish singer
  • 1980 – Shawn Fanning, American creator of Napster
  • 1980 – Yaroslav Rybakov, Russian athlete
  • 1981 – Seweryn Gancarczyk, Polish footballer
  • 1981 – Pape Sow, Senegalese basketball player
  • 1981 – Ben Adams, English Singer/Songwriter
  • 1982 – Yakubu Aiyegbeni, Nigerian footballer
  • 1982 – Charlene Choi Cheuk Yin, Hong Kong singer (Twins)
  • 1982 – Alasdair Duncan, Australian novelist
  • 1983 – Corey Beaulieu, American guitarist (Trivium)
  • 1983 – Tyler Hilton, American singer and actor
  • 1983 – Peter Ramage, English footballer
  • 1984 – Scarlett Johansson, American actress
  • 1984 – Kate Ground, Canadian adult internet model
  • 1985 – Asamoah Gyan, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1986 – Oscar Pistorius, South African paralympic athlete
  • 1988 – Suresh Guptara and Jyoti Guptara, twins, British and Indian novelists

November 22 – Deaths:

  • 950 – King Lothair II of Italy
  • 1286 – Eric V of Denmark, Danish King (b. 1249)
  • 1318 – Mikhail Yaroslavich, Russian prince (b. 1271)
  • 1594 – Martin Frobisher, English explorer
  • 1617 – Ahmed I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1590)
  • 1694 – John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1630)
  • 1697 – Libéral Bruant, French architect (b. 1635)
  • 1710 – Bernardo Pasquini, Italian composer (b. 1637)
  • 1718 – Blackbeard (Edward Teach), British pirate (b. 1680)
  • 1758 – Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, British politician (b. 1680)
  • 1774 – Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, British general (b. 1725)
  • 1783 – John Hanson, American Continental Congressman (b. 1715)
  • 1794 – John Alsop, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1875 – Henry Wilson, Vice President of the United States (b. 1812)
  • 1886 – William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • 1893 – James Calder, 5th President of the Pennsylvania State University (b. 1826)
  • 1900 – Arthur S. Sullivan, British composer (b. 1842)
  • 1916 – Jack London, American writer (b. 1876)
  • 1917 – Teoberto Maler, German-born explorer (b. 1842)
  • 1919 – Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (b. 1852)
  • 1926 – Darvish Khan, Iranian musician (b. 1872)
  • 1932 – William Walker Atkinson, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1941 – Werner Mölders, German ace fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1943 – Lorenz Hart, American lyricist (b. 1895)
  • 1944 – Arthur Stanley Eddington, English astrophysicist (b. 1882)
  • 1946 – Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist (b. 1889)
  • 1953 – Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani religious scholar and biographer of Muhammad

(b. 1884)

  • 1954 – Roderick McMahon, Professional Wrestling/Boxing Booker (b. 1882)
  • 1955 – Shemp Howard, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1956 – Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born choreographer (b. 1882)
  • 1963 – Aldous Huxley, English author (b. 1894)
  • 1963 – John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (b. 1917)
  • 1963 – C. S. Lewis, Irish author (b. 1898)
  • 1963 – Wilhelm Beiglböck, Nazi physician (b. 1905)
  • 1963 – J. D. Tippit, Dallas Police Officer (b. 1924)
  • 1967 – Pavel Korin, Russian painter (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – Norah McGuinness, Northern Irish painter (b. 1901)
  • 1980 – Mae West, American actress and writer (b. 1893)
  • 1980 – Jules Léger, Governor General of Canada (b. 1913)
  • 1981 – Hans Adolf Krebs, German physician and biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Scatman Crothers, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1986 – William Bradford Huie, American writer (b. 1910)
  • 1988 – Luis Barragán, Mexican architect (b. 1908)
  • 1988 – Paul Vario, U.S. Italian Mafia of the Lucchese Family (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Rene Moawad, President of Lebanon (b. 1925)
  • 1989 – C. C. Beck, American cartoonist (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – Sterling Holloway, American voice actor (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Anthony Burgess, British author (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Mark Lenard, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – María Casares, Spanish-born French actress (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Michael Hutchence, Australian singer (INXS) (b. 1960)
  • 1998 – Stu Unger, American poker player (b. 1953)
  • 2000 – Christian Marquand, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Emil Zátopek, Czech athlete (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founded Mary Kay Cosmetics (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Norman Granz, American jazz impresario and producer (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Bruce Hobbs, American jockey (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Pat Dobson, American baseball player (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Maurice Béjart, Father of the Ballet Renewal(b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Verity Lambert, first producer of British SF series Doctor Who (b. 1935)

November 22 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – Feast of Saint Cecilia
  • Lebanon – Independence Day (from France, 1943)
  • Astrology: usually the first day of sun sign Sagittarius or the last day of Scorpio

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On This Day in History November 21

November 21 – Events:

  • 164 BC – Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Events commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
  • 1272 – Following Henry III of England’s death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.
  • 1620 – Plymouth Colony settlers sign the Mayflower Compact (November 11, O.S.).
  • 1783 – In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, Marquis d’Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight.
  • 1789 – North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state.
  • 1791 – Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin secretary of war.
  • 1877 – Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.
  • 1894 – Port Arthur massacre: Port Arthur, Manchuria falls to the Japanese, a decisive victory of the First Sino-Japanese War.
  • 1905 – Albert Einstein’s paper, “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” is published in the journal “Annalen der Physik”. This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc².
  • 1916 – HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people.
  • 1920 – Bloody Sunday during the Anglo-Irish War.
  • 1922 – Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first female United States Senator.
  • 1927 – Columbine Mine Massacre: Striking coal miners were allegedly attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes.
  • 1942 – The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (however, the highway was not usable by general vehicles until 1943).
  • 1953 – Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce that the “Piltdown Man” skull, held to be one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, was a hoax.
  • 1962 – The Chinese People’s Liberation Army declares a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War.
  • 1964 – The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge opens to traffic (at the time it was the world’s longest suspension bridge).
  • 1964 – Second Vatican Council: The third session of the Roman Catholic Church’s ecumenical council closes.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: “I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing.”
  • 1969 – U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Sato agree in Washington, D.C. on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. is to retain its rights to bases on the island, but these are to be nuclear-free.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Operation Ivory Coast – A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American prisoners of war thought to be held there.
  • 1971 – Indian troops partly aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrillas) defeat the Pakistan army in the Battle of Garibpur.
  • 1974 – The Birmingham Pub Bombings by the IRA kill 21 people. The Birmingham Six were sentenced to life in prison for this but subsequently acquitted.
  • 1977 – Minister of Internal Affairs Hon Allan Highet announces that ‘the national anthems of New Zealand shall be the traditional anthem “God Save the Queen” and the poem “God Defend New Zealand”, written by Thomas Bracken, as set to music by John Joseph Woods, both being of equal status as national anthems appropriate to the occasion.
  • 1979 – The United States Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan is attacked by a mob and set alight, killing four.
  • 1980 – A deadly fire breaks out at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada (now Bally’s Las Vegas). 87 people are killed and more than 650 are injured in the worst disaster in Nevada history.
  • 1980 – Lake Peigneur drained into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe was drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding the edges of the hole. The resulting whirlpool sucked the drilling platform, several barges, houses and trees thousands of feet, to the bottom of the dissolving salt deposit.
  • 1985 – United States Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard is arrested for spying (he was caught giving Israel classified information on Arab nations and was eventually sentenced to life in prison).
  • 1986 – Iran-Contra Affair: National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary start to shred documents implicating them in the sale of weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
  • 1988 – Canadian federal election, 1988 – Canadians re-elect the Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney after an election campaign fought mainly over the issue of the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement.
  • 1990 – Charter of Paris for a New Europe refocusses the efforts of the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europeon post-Cold War issues.
  • 1995 – The Dayton Peace Agreement is initialled at the Wright Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, Ohio, ending three and a half years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The agreement was formally ratified in Paris, on December 14 that same year.
  • 1995 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 5,000 (5,023.55) for the first time.
  • 1996 – A propane explosion at the Humberto Vidal shoe store and office building in San Juan, Puerto Rico kills 33.
  • 2002 – NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2004 – The second round of the Ukrainian presidential election is held, unleashing massive protests and controversy over the election’s integrity.
  • 2004 – The island of Dominica is hit by the most destructive earthquake in its history. The northern half of the island receives the most damage, especially the town of Portsmouth.  It is also felt in neighboring Guadeloupe, where one person is killed as a result.
  • 2004 – The Paris Club agrees to write off 80% (up to $100 billion) of Iraq’s external debt.

November 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1495 – John Bale, English churchman (d. 1563)
  • 1567 – Anne de Xainctonge, French saint (d. 1621)
  • 1692 – Carlo Innocenzio Maria Frugoni, Italian poet (d. 1768)
  • 1694 – Voltaire, French philosopher (d. 1778)
  • 1744 – Abigail Adams, first lady of the second president of the U.S.A. (d. 1818)
  • 1761 – Dorothy Jordan, British actress (d. 1816)
  • 1768 – Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher, German theologian (d. 1834)
  • 1787 – Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born shipping magnate (d. 1865)
  • 1811 – Zeng Guofan, Chinese military (d. 1872)
  • 1835 – Hetty Green, American businesswoman (d. 1916)
  • 1840 – Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain and German Empress (d. 1901)
  • 1852 – Francisco Tárrega, father of modern classical guitar (d. 1909)
  • 1854 – Pope Benedict XV (d. 1922)
  • 1860 – Tom Horn, American gunman (d. 1903)
  • 1870 – Joe Darling, Australian cricketer (d. 1946)
  • 1870 – Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (d. 1964)
  • 1878 – Gustav Radbruch, German law professor (d. 1949)
  • 1886 – Harold Nicolson, British diplomat (d. 1968)
  • 1897 – Mollie Steimer anarchist agitator (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – René Magritte, Belgian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – Jobyna Ralston, American actress (d. 1967)
  • 1902 – Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Coleman Hawkins, American musician (d. 1969)
  • 1908 – Elizabeth George Speare, American author (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Roy Boulting, British film director (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Sid Luckman, American football player (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Steve Brodie, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Ralph Meeker, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1920 – Stan Musial, American baseball player
  • 1921 – Joonas Kokkonen, Finnish composer (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Maria Casares, Spanish-born actress (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Abe Lemons, American basketball coach
  • 1924 – Christopher Tolkien, British author
  • 1927 – Georgia Frontiere, co-owner of the St. Louis Rams (d. 2008)
  • 1929 – Laurier LaPierre, Canadian journalist, broadcaster and senator
  • 1929 – Marilyn French, American feminist writer
  • 1931 – Revaz Dogonadze, Georgian scientist (d. 1985)
  • 1931 – Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Joseph Campanella, American actor
  • 1935 – Fairuz, Lebanese singer
  • 1936 – Victor Chang, Australian physician (d. 1986)
  • 1937 – Marlo Thomas, American actress
  • 1939 – Budd Dwyer, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1939 – Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician
  • 1940 – Dr. John, American musician
  • 1940 – Richard Marcinko, American author
  • 1941 – Idil Biret, Turkish pianist
  • 1941 – Juliet Mills, British actress
  • 1942 – Afa Anoa’i, Samoan/American wrestler
  • 1942 – Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, German politician
  • 1943 – Phil Bredesen, American politician
  • 1943 – Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy
  • 1943 – Viktor Sidjak, Russian fencer
  • 1943 – Jacques Laffite, French former racing driver
  • 1944 – Richard Durbin, American politician
  • 1944 – Earl Monroe, American basketball player
  • 1944 – Harold Ramis, American actor/director
  • 1945 – Goldie Hawn, American actress
  • 1946 – Jacky Lafon, Belgian actress
  • 1948 – George Zimmer, American entrepreneur, the founder and CEO of Men’s Wearhouse
  • 1948 – Alphonse Mouzon, American jazziest
  • 1950 – Stephen Geyer, American film & television songwriter
  • 1950 – Alberto Juantorena, Cuban athlete
  • 1952 – Lorna Luft, American actress and singer, daughter of Judy Garland
  • 1956 – Ed Kaz, American journalist
  • 1962 – Steven Curtis Chapman, American musician
  • 1962 – Sabine Busch, German athlete
  • 1963 – Nicollette Sheridan, British actress
  • 1964 – Liza Tarbuck, British entertainer
  • 1964 – Shane Douglas, American wrestler
  • 1965 – Björk, Icelandic singer
  • 1965 – Alexander Siddig, British actor
  • 1966 – Troy Aikman, American football player
  • 1967 – Tripp Cromer, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Toshihiko Koga, Japanese Judoka
  • 1968 – Alex James, English bassist
  • 1968 – Christopher Noxon, American journalist
  • 1969 – Ken Griffey, Jr., American baseball player
  • 1970 – Justin Langer, Australian cricketer
  • 1971 – Michael Strahan, American football player
  • 1972 – Rain Phoenix, American singer/actress
  • 1972 – David Tua, Samoan boxer
  • 1973 – Brook Kerr, American actress
  • 1973 – Inés Sastre, Spanish model and actress
  • 1974 – Kelsi Marie Osborn, American Singer (SHeDAISY)
  • 1975 – Cherie Johnson, American actress
  • 1975 – Chris Moneymaker, American poker player
  • 1976 – Dasha, Czech adult actress
  • 1976 – Martin Meichelbeck, German footballer
  • 1976 – Daniel Whiston, British ice skater
  • 1977 – Bruno Berner, Swiss footballer
  • 1977 – Myles Heskett, Australian musician (Wolfmother)
  • 1977 – Jonas Jennings, American Football Player
  • 1977 – Tobias Sammet, German singer (Edguy)
  • 1977 – Yolande James, Quebec politician
  • 1978 – Lucía Jiménez, Spanish actress
  • 1979 – Stromile Swift, professional basketball player
  • 1979 – Alex Tanguay, Canadian hockey player
  • 1979 – Kim Dong Wan, Korean singer (Shinhwa)
  • 1979 – Vincenzo Iaquinta, Italian footballer
  • 1980 – Hank Blalock, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Leonardo González, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1980 – Elaine Yiu, Hong Kong Actress
  • 1981 – Wesley Britt, National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1981 – Piet Rinke, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1981 – Jonny Magallón, Mexican footballer
  • 1982 – Georgios Kalogiannidis, Greek archer
  • 1982 – Ryan Starr, American singer
  • 1983 – Jamie Langley, English rugby player
  • 1984 – Álvaro Bautista, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1984 – Jena Malone, American Actress
  • 1985 – Jesús Navas, Spanish footballer
  • 1992 – Nevada-Tan, Japanese internet culture icon, known for slaying classmate.

November 21 – Deaths:

  • 496 – Pope Gelasius I
  • 1361 – Philip I, Duke of Burgundy (plague) (b. 1346)
  • 1555 – Georg Agricola, German scientist (b. 1490)
  • 1566 – Annibale Caro, Italian poet (b. 1507)
  • 1579 – Thomas Gresham, English merchant and financier
  • 1652 – Jan Brozek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (b. 1585)
  • 1695 – Henry Purcell, English composer
  • 1730 – François de Troy, French portrait artist
  • 1775 – John Hill, British writer
  • 1811 – Heinrich von Kleist, German writer (b. 1777)
  • 1844 – Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (b. 1769)
  • 1881 – Ami Boué, Austrian geologist (b. 1794)
  • 1899 – Garret Hobart, Vice President of the United States (b. 1844)
  • 1916 – Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria (b. 1830)
  • 1922 – Ricardo Flores Magón, Mexican anarchist (b. 1874).
  • 1924 – Florence Harding, American First Lady (b. 1860)
  • 1941 – Henrietta Vinton Davis American elocutionist, dramatist, impersonator, public speaker (b. 1860)
  • 1942 – Leopold Graf Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister (b. 1863)
  • 1945 – Robert Benchley, American writer and actor (b. 1889)
  • 1953 – Larry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1893)
  • 1957 – Francis Burton Harrison, American political figure (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Mel Ott, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 1959 – Max Baer, American boxer (b. 1909)
  • 1963 – Robert Stroud (The Birdman of Alcatraz), American prisoner (b. 1890)
  • 1969 – Mutesa II of Buganda, President of Uganda (1924)
  • 1970 – Newsy Lalonde, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Thomas Pelly, American politician (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – John B. Gambling, American radio talk show host (b. 1897)
  • 1980 – Sara García, Mexican actress (b. 1895)
  • 1974 – Frank Martin, Swiss composer (b. 1890)
  • 1981 – Harry Von Zell, American announcer (b. 1906)
  • 1982 – John Hargrave, British Social Credit advocate (b. 1894)
  • 1986 – Jerry Colonna, American comic (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – Dar Robinson, American film stuntman (b. 1947)
  • 1988 – Carl Hubbell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Dean Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1954)
  • 1991 – Sonny Werblin, former owner of the New York Jets (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Bill Bixby, American actor and director (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – Peter Grant, British rock manager, actor (Led Zeppelin, Bad Company) (b. 1935)
  • 1995 – Noel Jones, British diplomat (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist and Nobel laureate (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Quentin Crisp, British writer, raconteur and actor (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Salahuddin of Malaysia, King of Malaysia (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Hadda Brooks, American jazz singer, pianist, and composer (b. 1916)
  • 2005 – Alfred Anderson, last Scottish World War I (and Christmas Truce) veteran (b. 1896)
  • 2005 – Hugh Sidey, American journalist (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Pierre Amine Gemayel, Lebanese Cabinet minister (assassinated) (b. 1972)
  • 2006 – Robert Lockwood, Jr., American blues guitarist (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Fernando Fernán Gómez, Spanish actor, director, academic and playwright (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Tom Johnson, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Noel McGregor, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1931)

November 21 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – Feast of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
  • Bangladesh – Armed Forces Day in Bangladesh
  • Brazil – Our Lady of Apresentação (Nossa Senhora da Apresentação) Day, City of Natal only

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On This Day in History November 20

November 20 – Events:

  • 284 – Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor.
  • 762 – Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire.
  • 1194 – Palermo is conquered by Emperor Henry VI.
  • 1407 – A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
  • 1695 – Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed.
  • 1700 – Great Northern War: Battle of Narva – King Charles XII of Sweden defeats the army of Tsar Peter the Great at Narva.
  • 1789 – New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
  • 1820 – An 80-ton sperm whale attacks the Essex (a whaling ship from Nantucket, Massachusetts) 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America (Herman Melville’s 1851 novel Moby-Dick was in part inspired by this story).
  • 1861 – Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky’s Confederate government.
  • 1910 – Mexican Revolution: Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan de San Luis Potosi, denouncing President Porfirio Díaz, declaring himself president, and calling for a revolution to overthrow the government of Mexico, effectively starting the Mexican Revolution.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins – British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back.
  • 1917 – Ukraine is declared a republic.
  • 1923 – Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion Papiermark
  • 1936 – Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad.
  • 1936 – The levee of a pond fails at Mitsubishi Osarizawa mine, Kazuno, northeastern Akita, Japan, killing at least 362.
  • 1940 – World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Tarawa (Operation Galvanic) begins – United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.
  • 1945 – Nuremberg Trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice.
  • 1947 – The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 1952 – Slánský trials – a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.
  • 1955 – Bo Diddley becomes the first African American performer to appear on The Ed Sullivan Show. Apparently Ed Sullivan was infuriated when Diddley sang his self-titled song instead of Tennessee Ernie Ford’s hit, “Sixteen Tons.”
  • 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Eleven men comprising a Long Range Patrol team from F Company, 58th Infantry, 101st Airborne are surrounded and nearly wiped out by North Vietnamese army regulars from the 4th and 5th Regiment. The seven wounded survivors are rescued after several hours by an impromptu force made of other men from their unit.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: The Cleveland Plain Dealer publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai massacre in Vietnam.
  • 1974 – The United States Department of Justice files its final anti-trust suit against AT&T.  This suit later leads to the break up of AT&T and its Bell System.
  • 1975 – Francisco Franco, Caudillo of Spain dies after 36 years in power. He died on the 39th anniversary of the death of Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera.
  • 1979 – Grand Mosque Seizure: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages in the Kaaba. The Saudi government received help from French special forces to put down the uprising.
  • 1983 – An estimated 100 million people watch the controversial made-for-television movie The Day After, depicting a nuclear war and its effects on the United States.
  • 1984 – SETI is founded.
  • 1985 – Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
  • 1989 – Velvet Revolution: The number of protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million.
  • 1992 – In England, a fire breaks out in the Private Chapel of Windsor Castle, rages for 15 hours, and seriously damages the northwest side of the building (an investigation found that the fire was ignited after a spotlight came into contact with a curtain over an extended period).
  • 1993 – Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his “dealings” with savings-and loan executive Charles Keating.
  • 1993 – An Avioimpex Yak 42D crashes near Ohrid, Macedonia. The aircraft was on a flight from Geneva, Switzerland to Skopje, but had been diverted to Ohrid due to poor weather conditions at the Skopje airport. On landing the aircraft crashed into Mount Trojani near Ohrid. All eight crew members and 115 of the 116 passengers were killed.
  • 1994 – The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war (localized fighting resumed the next year).
  • 1998 – A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden “a man without a sin” in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
  • 1998 – The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched.
  • 2001 – In Washington, D.C., U.S. President George W. Bush dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday.
  • 2003 – After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.

November 20 – Birthdays:

  • 270 – Maximinus, Roman Emperor (d. 313)
  • 1602 – Otto von Guericke, German physicist (d. 1686)
  • 1620 – Peregrine White, first English child born in the Plymouth Colony (d. 1704)
  • 1621 – Avvakum, Russian priest and writer (d. 1682)
  • 1625 – Paulus Potter, Dutch painter (d. 1654)
  • 1660 – Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian (d. 1741)
  • 1750 – Tipu Sultan, Indian ruler (d. 1799)
  • 1761 – Pope Pius VIII (d. 1830)
  • 1762 – Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (d. 1833)
  • 1765 – Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval captain (d. 1819)
  • 1781 – Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist (d. 1854)
  • 1839 – Christian Wilberg, German painter (d. 1882)
  • 1841 – Victor D’Hondt, Belgian mathematician (d. 1901)
  • 1841 – Wilfrid Laurier, seventh Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1919)
  • 1851 – Queen Margherita of Italy (d. 1926)
  • 1858 – Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author, Nobel laureate (d. 1940)
  • 1864 – Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish writer (d. 1931)
  • 1866 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American judge (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Clark Griffith, Baseball manager (d. 1955)
  • 1874 – James Michael Curley, 53 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1880 – George McBride, baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1882 – Andy Coakley, baseball player and long-time coach at Columbia University (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Norman Thomas, American social reformer (d. 1968)
  • 1886 – Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1982)
  • 1889 – Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (d. 1953)
  • 1896 – Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Chester Gould, creator of comic strips (Dick Tracy) (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Alexandra Danilova, Russian ballerina (d. 1997)
  • 1903 – Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist (d. 1981)
  • 1907 – Fran Allison, American , early television personality, (Kukla, Fran and Ollie) (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Henri-Georges Clouzot, French film director (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Alistair Cooke, British-born journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1910 – Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (d. 1944)
  • 1912 – Otto von Habsburg, Austrian-German nobleman, head of the Habsburg house
  • 1913 – Judy Canova, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1914 – Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Kon Ichikawa, iconic Japanese film director
  • 1916 – Evelyn Keyes, American actress
  • 1917 – Robert Byrd, American politician
  • 1917 – Bobby Locke, South African golfer (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Jim Garrison, American district attorney and judge (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Phyllis Thaxter, American actress
  • 1923 – Nadine Gordimer, South African writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1924 – Benoît Mandelbrot, Polish-born French mathematician
  • 1925 – Robert F. Kennedy, American politician (d. 1968)
  • 1925 – Maya Plisetskaya, Russian ballet dancer
  • 1926 – Kaye Ballard, American comic actress
  • 1926 – Terry Hall, English ventriloquist (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Andrzej W. Schally, Polish-born endocrinologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1927 – Estelle Parsons, American actress
  • 1928 – Aleksey Batalov, Russian actor
  • 1928 – John Disley, Welsh athlete
  • 1929 – Don January, American professional golfer
  • 1932 – Richard Dawson, British actor and game show host
  • 1936 – Don DeLillo, American author
  • 1937 – René Kollo, German tenor
  • 1937 – Ruth Laredo, American pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Eero Mäntyranta, Finnish cross-country skier
  • 1937 – Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian playwright
  • 1939 – Dick Smothers, American comedian
  • 1940 – Bob Einstein, American actor
  • 1941 – Haseena Moin, Pakistani television drama writer and Urdu playwright
  • 1942 – Joe Biden, American politician
  • 1942 – Norman Greenbaum, American singer
  • 1942 – Meredith Monk, American composer, performer, director, vocalist, film-maker, and  Choreographer 1943 – Veronica Hamel, American actress
  • 1944 – Louie Dampier, American basketball player
  • 1945 – Rick Monday, Major League Baseball player
  • 1945 – Nanette Workman, American-born Canadian singer and actress
  • 1946 – Duane Allman, American guitarist (The Allman Brothers Band) (d. 1971)
  • 1946 – Greg Cook, American football player
  • 1946 – Judy Woodruff, American TV anchor
  • 1947 – Joe Walsh, American musician
  • 1948 – John R. Bolton, American ambassador
  • 1948 – Barbara Hendricks, American-born singer
  • 1948 – Richard Masur, American actor
  • 1949 – Thelma Drake, American politician
  • 1951 – David Walters, American politician
  • 1952 – John Van Boxmeer, National Hockey League player
  • 1954 – Frank Marino, Canadian Guitarist (Rock, Blues, Jazz)
  • 1954 – Berit Andnor, Swedish politician
  • 1954 – Steve Dahl, American radio personality
  • 1956 – Bo Derek, American actress
  • 1956 – Mark Gastineau, American football player
  • 1957 – Stefan Bellof, German race car driver (d. 1985)
  • 1958 – Rickson Gracie, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1959 – James P. McGovern, American politician
  • 1959 – Sean Young, American actress
  • 1960 – Marc Labrèche, Canadian actor and television host
  • 1961 – Tim Harvey, British racing driver
  • 1961 – Larry Karaszewski, American screenwriter
  • 1961 – Dave Watson, English footballer
  • 1963 – Timothy Gowers, British mathematician
  • 1963 – Ming-Na Wen, Macau-born actress
  • 1965 – Mike D, American musician (Beastie Boys)
  • 1965 – Sen Dog, Cuban rapper (Cypress Hill)
  • 1965 – Yoshiki Hayashi, Japanese musician (X Japan)
  • 1966 – Kevin Gilbert, American musician (d. 1996)
  • 1967 – Chris Childs, American basketball player
  • 1967 – Teoman, Turkish rock singer
  • 1969 – Callie Thorne, American actor
  • 1970 – Matt Blunt, American politician
  • 1970 – Delia Gonzalez, American boxer
  • 1971 – Joey Galloway, American football wide receiver
  • 1971 – Joel McHale, American actor and comedian
  • 1972 – Sheema Kalbasi, Iranian born poet
  • 1975 – Dierks Bentley, American singer
  • 1975 – J. D. Drew, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Davey Havok, singer (AFI)
  • 1975 – Timea Margot, Hungarian erotic star
  • 1976 – Dominique Dawes, American gymnast
  • 1976 – Theodoros Velkos, badminton player
  • 1977 – Rudy Charles, American professional wrestling referee
  • 1977 – Josh Turner, American singer
  • 1978 – Ryan Leslie, American singer/songwriter
  • 1978 – Freya Lin, Taiwanese singer
  • 1978 – Nadine Velazquez, American actress and model
  • 1979 – Ericson Alexander Molano, Colombian gospel singer
  • 1980 – James Chambers, English footballer
  • 1981 – Carlos Boozer, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Kimberley Walsh, English singer (Girls Aloud)
  • 1982 – Margo Stilley, American actress
  • 1984 – Ferdinando Monfardini, Italian racing driver
  • 1985 – Juan Cruz Álvarez, Argentine racing driver
  • 1985 – Dan Byrd, American actor
  • 1986 – Jared Followill, American bassist (Kings of Leon)
  • 1986 – Aaron Yan, Taiwanese singer and actor
  • 1989 – Cody Linley, American actor
  • 1990 – Sam Burton, English footballer
  • 1999 – Princess Sofia of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1999 – Prince Umberto of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 2000 – Connie Talbot, English singer

November 20 – Deaths:

  • 870 – King Edmund of East Anglia
  • 1316 – King John I of France (d. 1316)
  • 1437 – Thomas Langley, bishop of Durham, cardinal and lord chancellor (b. 1363)
  • 1518 – Marmaduke Constable, English soldier
  • 1518 – Pierre de La Rue, Flemish composer
  • 1529 – Karl von Miltitz, papal nuncio
  • 1591 – Christopher Hatton, English politician (b. 1540)
  • 1612 – John Harington, English writer (b. 1561)
  • 1651 – Mikolaj Potocki, Polish soldier (b. 1595)
  • 1662 – Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1614)
  • 1695 – Zumbi, Brazilian runaway slave
  • 1704 – Charles Plumier, French botanist (b. 1646)
  • 1737 – Caroline of Ansbach, Queen of George II of Great Britain (b. 1683)
  • 1742 – Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat (b. 1661)
  • 1758 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (b. 1694)
  • 1764 – Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician (b. 1690)
  • 1778 – Francesco Cetti, Italian Jesuit scientist (b. 1726)
  • 1856 – Farkas Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1775)
  • 1894 – Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1829)
  • 1908 – Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (b. 1868)
  • 1910 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (b. 1828)
  • 1925 – Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom (b. 1844)
  • 1934 – Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist (b. 1872)
  • 1936 – Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (b. 1896)
  • 1936 – Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, Founder of the Falange. Executed by firing squad. (b. 1903)
  • 1938 – Enzo Matsunaga, Japanese writer (b. 1895)
  • 1945 – Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Francesco Cilea, Italian composer (b. 1866)
  • 1954 – Clyde Vernon Cessna, aviation pioneer (Cessna) (b. 1879)
  • 1957 – Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist (d. 1875)
  • 1973 – Allan Sherman, American comedian (b. 1924)
  • 1975 – Francisco Franco, Head of State of Spain (1936-1975) (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Trofim Lysenko, Stalinist biologist (b. 1898)
  • 1978 – Vasilisk Gnedov, Russian poet (b. 1890)
  • 1980 – John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Marcel Dalio, French actor (b. 1900)
  • 1994 – John Lucarotti, TV writer (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Sergei Grinkov, Russian Olympic and World Figure Skating Champion (b. 1967)
  • 1997 – Dick Littlefield, baseball player (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Galina Starovoitova, Russian politician (b. 1946)
  • 1999 – Amintore Fanfani, Italian politician and prime minister (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Mike Muuss, American computer programmer (b. 1958)
  • 2000 – Kalle Päätalo, Finnish writer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Robert Addie, British actor (cancer) (b. 1960)
  • 2003 – Loris Azzaro, French fashion designer (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – David Dacko, first President of the Central African Republic (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Eugene Kleiner, American entrepreneur (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Roger Short, British Consulate General (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Jim Siedow, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Kerem Yilmazer, Turkish actor (b. 1945)
  • 2004 – David Grierson, Canadian radio host (b. 1955)
  • 2004 – Jenny Ross, English musician (Section 25) (b. 1962)
  • 2005 – Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian poet (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Sheldon Gardner, American psychologist (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – James King, American singer (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Chris Whitley, American musician (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Robert Altman, American film director (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Zoia Ceausescu, Romanian mathematician (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Andre Waters, American football player (b. 1962)
  • 2007 – Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (b. 1919)

November 20 – Holidays:

  • Church of England – Edmund the Martyr
  • Brazil – Zumbi Day (since 1978)
  • Brazil – Dia da Consciência Negra (Afro-Brazilian’s Conscience Day)
  • United Kingdom – wedding day of Queen Elizabeth II (1947), official flag day
  • Mexico – Anniversary of the Revolution (1910)
  • UNICEF – Universal Children’s Day
  • Vietnam – Teacher’s Day
  • Transgender Day of Remembrance

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On This Day in History November 19

November 19 – Events:

  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico).
  • 1794 – The United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign Jay’s Treaty, which attempts to clear up some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1816 – Warsaw University is established.
  • 1847 – The second Canadian railway line, the Montreal and Lachine Railway, is opened.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the military cemetery dedication ceremony at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1881 – A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • 1916 – Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures (the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers).
  • 1924 – In Los Angeles, California, famous silent film director Thomas Ince (“The Father of the Western”) dies of a heart attack in his bed (beliefs still persist that he was murdered)
  • 1941 – World War II: Battle between HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran. The two ships sink each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad – Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launch the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR’s favor.
  • 1944 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • 1946 – Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations.
  • 1950 – US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATOEurope
  • 1955 – National Review publishes its first issue.
  • 1959 – Ford Motor Company announces the discontinuation of the unpopular Edsel.
  • 1961 – Michael Rockefeller, son of New York governor Nelson Rockefeller, disappears in the jungles near Atsj, Papua New Guinea.
  • 1967 – The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 12 astronauts Pete Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum (“Ocean of Storms”) and become the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon.
  • 1976 – Jaime Ornelas Camacho takes office as the first President of the Regional Government of Madeira, Portugal.
  • 1977 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets with Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
  • 1977 – Transportes Aereos Portugueses Boeing 727 crashes in Madeira islands killing 130.
  • 1979 – Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran.
  • 1984 – A series of explosions at the PEMEX petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City ignites a major fire and kills about 500 people.
  • 1985 – Cold War: In Geneva, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.
  • 1985 – Pennzoil wins a $10.53 billion USD verdict against Texaco, in the largest civil verdict in the history of the United States, stemming from Texaco executing a contract to buy Getty Oil after Pennzoil had entered into an unsigned, yet still binding, buyout contract with Getty.
  • 1990 – Pop group Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing at all on the Girl You Know It’s True album. Session musicians had provided all the vocals.
  • 1994 – In Great Britain, the first National Lottery draw is held. A £1 ticket gave a one-in- 14-million chance of correctly guessing the winning six out of 49 numbers.
  • 1996 – The case of the Port Arthur massacre comes to trial.
  • 1996 – Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire.
  • 1997 – In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They would go on to become the first set of septuplets to survive infancy.
  • 1998 – Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 1998 – Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for $71.5 million USD.
  • 1999 – Shenzhou 1: The People’s Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
  • 1999 – In Istanbul, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ends a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in Chechnya and adopting a Charter for European Security.

November 19 – Birthdays:

  • 1464 – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (d. 1526)
  • 1563 – Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (d. 1626)
  • 1597 – Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1660)
  • 1600 – King Charles I of England (d. 1649)
  • 1600 – Leo Aitzema, Dutch historian and statesman (d. 1669)
  • 1617 – Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (d. 1655)
  • 1700 – Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (d. 1770)
  • 1711 – Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian writer and polymath (d. 1765)
  • 1722 – Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (d. 1809)
  • 1722 – Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (d. 1810)
  • 1752 – George Rogers Clark, American military leader (d. 1818)
  • 1802 – Solomon Foot, American politician (d. 1866)
  • 1805 – Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and Suez Canal engineer (d. 1894)
  • 1831 – James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States (d. 1881)
  • 1833 – Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (d. 1911)
  • 1834 – Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (d. 1924)
  • 1835 – Rani Lakshmi Bai, Indian Queen (d. 1858)
  • 1843 – Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (d. 1896)
  • 1859 – Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer (d. 1935)
  • 1862 – Billy Sunday, American evangelist (d. 1935)
  • 1875 – Mikhail I. Kalinin, President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (d. 1946)
  • 1876 – Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (d. 1964)
  • 1883 – Ned Sparks, Canadian actor (d. 1957)
  • 1887 – James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1888 – José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban chess player (d. 1942)
  • 1889 – Clifton Webb, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1892 – Huw Thomas Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – René Voisin, French classical trumpet player (d. 1952)
  • 1894 – Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician, 14 President of Portugal (d. 1987)
  • 1895 – Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American photographer (d. 1989)
  • 1896 – Georgy Zhukov, Russian general (d. 1974)
  • 1897 – Quentin Roosevelt, son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt (d. 1918)
  • 1898 – Arthur R. von Hippel, German-born physicist (d. 2003)
  • 1899 – Allen Tate, American poet and critic (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian scientist (d. 1980)
  • 1900 – Anna Seghers, German writer (d. 1983)
  • 1900 – Bunny Ahearne, Irish ice hockey promoter (d. 1985)
  • 1905 – Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader (d. 1956)
  • 1907 – Jack Schaefer, American author (d. 1991)
  • 1909 – Peter Drucker, American management theorist (d. 2005)
  • 1910 – Adrian Conan Doyle, son of Arthur Conan Doyle (d. 1970)
  • 1912 – George Emil Palade, Romanian cell biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1915 – Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1917 – Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (d. 1984)
  • 1919 – Alan Young, British-born American actor (Mister Ed)
  • 1919 – Gillo Pontecorvo, Italian film director (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Gene Tierney, American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Roy Campanella, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1921 – Peter Ruckman, American Baptist minister
  • 1922 – Yuri Knorozov, Russian epigrapher (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Salil Chowdhury, Indian music composer, poet, writer, dramatist and filmmaker (d. 1995)
  • 1924 – William Russell, British actor
  • 1925 – Zygmunt Bauman, Polish Sociologist
  • 1926 – Jeane Kirkpatrick, U. S. Ambassador to the United Nations (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Slavko Avsenik, Slovenian musician
  • 1929 – Norman Cantor, Canadian medieval scholar (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Larry King, American TV personality
  • 1933 – Jerry Sheindlin, American jurist; husband of Judith Sheindlin
  • 1935 – Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian imam (d. 1990)
  • 1935 – Jack Welch, American businessman
  • 1936 – Dick Cavett, American talk show host
  • 1936 – Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1938 – Ted Turner, American businessman
  • 1939 – Tom Harkin, American politician
  • 1941 – Dan Haggerty, American actor
  • 1941 – Tommy Thompson, former U.S. Governor of Wisconsin
  • 1942 – Calvin Klein, American clothing designer
  • 1942 – Sharon Olds, American poet
  • 1943 – Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban-born Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1943 – Fred Lipsius, American musician (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
  • 1944 – Agnes Baltsa, Greek mezzo-soprano
  • 1944 – Dennis Hull, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1945 – Bobby Tolan, American baseball player
  • 1947 – Bob Boone, American baseball player and manager
  • 1947 – Lamar S. Smith, American politician
  • 1949 – Nigel Bennett, English actor
  • 1949 – Ahmad Rashad, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1951 – Zeenat Aman, Indian actress
  • 1951 – Lord Falconer of Thoroton, British lawyer and politician
  • 1953 – Robert Beltran, American actor
  • 1953 – Tom Villard, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1954 – Kathleen Quinlan, American actress
  • 1955 – Sam Hamm, American screenwriter
  • 1956 – Ann Curry, American journalist
  • 1956 – Glynnis O’Connor, American actress
  • 1957 – Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (d. 2000)
  • 1958 – Michael Wilbon, sports analyst
  • 1958 – Terrence “T.C.” Carson, American actor
  • 1959 – Allison Janney, American actress
  • 1960 – Elizabeth Hulette, American professional wrestling manager (d. 2003)
  • 1960 – Matt Sorum, American musician (Velvet Revolver)
  • 1961 – Meg Ryan, American actress
  • 1962 – Jodie Foster, American actress
  • 1962 – Dodie Boy Peñalosa, Philippine boxer
  • 1963 – Terry Farrell, American actress
  • 1963 – Jon Potter, British field hockey player
  • 1963 – Zsuzsanna Jánosi, Hungarian fencer
  • 1965 – Laurent Blanc, French footballer
  • 1965 – Sean Hughes, Irish comedian
  • 1966 – Gail Devers, American athlete
  • 1966 – Jason Scott Lee, American actor
  • 1966 – Rocco DiSpirito, American chef
  • 1968 – Karina, Venezuelan singer
  • 1969 – Erika Alexander, American actress
  • 1969 – Philippe Adams, Belgian racing driver
  • 1970 – Justin Chancellor, English bassist (Tool)
  • 1971 – Alice Peacock, American folk singer
  • 1971 – Jeremy McGrath, American motorcycle racer
  • 1972 – Sandrine Holt, Canadian actress
  • 1973 – Ryukishi07, Japanese mystery writer
  • 1973 – Savion Glover, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1973 – Billy Currington, American singer and songwriter
  • 1973 – Takashi Matsumoto, Japanese photographer and business person
  • 1975 – Sushmita Sen, Indian beauty queen and actress
  • 1976 – Jun Shibata, Japanese singer and songwriter
  • 1976 – Petr Sýkora, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Benny Vansteelant, Belgian duathlete (d. 2007)
  • 1976 – Stylianos Venetidis, Greek soccer player
  • 1977 – Kerri Strug, American gymnast
  • 1978 – Vera Pospíšilová-Cechlová, Czech athlete
  • 1978 – Matt Dusk, Canadian jazz musician / vocalist
  • 1979 – Ryan Howard, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Larry Johnson, American football player
  • 1979 – Leam Richardson, English soccer player
  • 1979 – John-Ford Griffin, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Courtney Anderson, American football player
  • 1980 – Adele Silva, English actress
  • 1983 – Chandra Crawford, Canadian cross-country skier
  • 1985 – Chris Eagles, English footballer
  • 1988 – Patrick Kane, American ice hockey player
  • 1997 – McCaughey septuplets, world’s first surviving set of septuplets

November 19 – Deaths:

  • 498 – Pope Anastasius II
  • 1478 – Emperor Baeda Maryam of Ethiopia (b. 1448)
  • 1492 – Jami, Persian poet (b. 1414)
  • 1557 – Bona Sforza, Queen of Sigismund I of Poland (b. 1494)
  • 1577 – Matsunaga Hisahide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • 1630 – Johann Schein, German composer (b. 1586)
  • 1649 – Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (b. 1576)
  • 1665 – Nicolas Poussin, French painter (b. 1594)
  • 1672 – John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (b. 1614)
  • 1682 – Prince Rupert of the Rhine, Royalist commander in the English Civil War (b. 1619)
  • 1692 – Thomas Shadwell, English poet and playwright
  • 1723 – Antoine Nompar de Caumont, French courtier and soldier (b. 1632)
  • 1772 – William Nelson, American colonial governor of Virginia (b. 1711)
  • 1773 – James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, Irish politician (b. 1722)
  • 1785 – Bernard de Bury, French composer (b. 1720)
  • 1798 – Wolfe Tone, Irish republican (b. 1763)
  • 1804 – Pietro Guglielmi, Italian composer (b. 1728)
  • 1810 – Jean-Georges Noverre, French dancer and ballet master (b. 1725)
  • 1822 – Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
  • 1828 – Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (b. 1797)
  • 1850 – Richard Mentor Johnson, American politician (b. 1780)
  • 1868 – Ivane Andronikashvili, Georgian general (b. 1798)
  • 1883 – William Siemens, German engineer (b. 1823)
  • 1887 – Emma Lazarus, American poet (b. 1849)
  • 1897 – William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (b. 1810).
  • 1915 – Joe Hill, American labor activist (executed) (b. 1879)
  • 1924 – Thomas Ince, American film director (b. 1882)
  • 1931 – Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (b. 1897)
  • 1938 – Lev Shestov, Russian philosopher (b. 1866)
  • 1942 – Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (shot) (b. 1892)
  • 1959 – Joseph Charbonneau, archbishop of Montreal (b. 1892)
  • 1960 – Phyllis Haver, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1967 – Charles J. Watters, US Army chaplain, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1927)
  • 1974 – George Brunies, American musician (b. 1902)
  • 1975 – Roger D. Branigin, American politician (b. 1902)
  • 1976 – Sir Basil Spence, British architect (b. 1907)
  • 1983 – Tom Evans, English bass guitarist (Badfinger) (b. 1947)
  • 1985 – Stepin Fetchit, American actor and dancer (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician, 14 President of Portugal (b. 1894)
  • 1988 – Christina Onassis, daughter of billionaire Aristotle Onassis (b. 1950)
  • 1990 – Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (b. 1900) 1992 – Bobby Russell, American songwriter (b. 1941)
  • 1992 – Diane Varsi, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Ted Fujita, Japanese-born American meteorologist (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Alan J. Pakula, American film director (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Ian Geoghegan, Australian racing driver (b. 1940)
  • 2004 – Piet Esser, Dutch sculptor (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Helmut Griem, German actor (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Terry Melcher, American musician and record producer (b. 1942)
  • 2004 – John Robert Vane, British pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Erik Balling, Danish TV and film director (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Kevin DuBrow, American singer (Quiet Riot) (b. 1955)
  • 2007 – Mike Gregory, English rugby league footballer (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Dick Wilson, American actor (b. 1916)

November 19 – Holidays:

  • Brazil – Flag Day
  • Mali – Liberation Day
  • Puerto Rico – Discovery of Puerto Rico (1493)
  • United States – Equal Opportunity Day
  • Norway – The Liberation of the Sami People of the coast
  • United Arab Emirates – Pilgrimage
  • Trinidad and Tobago – International Men’s Day
  • Feast of the Prophet Obadiah (Greek Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church)
  • India – International Men’s Day

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On This Day in History November 18

November 18 – Events:

  • 326 – The old St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated.
  • 1095 – The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, begins.
  • 1302 – Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Unam sanctam (The Holy One).
  • 1307 – According to legend, William Tell shoots an apple off of his son’s head.
  • 1421 – A seawall at the Zuiderzee dike breaks, flooding 72 villages and killing about 10,000 people in the Netherlands.
  • 1477 – William Caxton produces Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres, the first book printed on a printing press in England.
  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus first sights what is now Puerto Rico.
  • 1626 – St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated.
  • 1686 – Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV of France’s anal fistula after practicing the surgery on several peasants.
  • 1803 – The Battle of Vertières, the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, is fought, leading to the establishment of the Republic of Haiti, the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere.
  • 1852 – Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
  • 1863 – King Christian IX of Denmark decided to sign the November Constitution, which declared Schleswig as part of Denmark, what was seen by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol and lead to the German–Danish war of 1864.
  • 1865 – Mark Twain’s story The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County is published in the New York Saturday Press.
  • 1883 – American and Canadian railroads institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.
  • 1903 – The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the Americans exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
  • 1904 – General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
  • 1905 – Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • 1909 – Two United States warships are sent to Nicaragua after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) are executed by order of José Santos Zelaya.
  • 1916 – World War I: First Battle of the Somme ends – In France, British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle which started on July 1, 1916.
  • 1917 – Sigma Alpha Rho, a Jewish high school fraternity, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1918 – Latvia declares its independence from Russia.
  • 1926 – George Bernard Shaw refuses to accept the money for his Nobel Prize, saying, “I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize.”
  • 1928 – Release of the animated short Steamboat Willie, the first fully synchronized sound cartoon, directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, featuring the second appearances of cartoon stars Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. This is also considered by the Disney corporation to be Mickey’s birthday.
  • 1929 – 1929 Grand Banks earthquake: Off the south coast of Newfoundland in the Atlantic Ocean, a Richter magnitude 7.2 submarine earthquake, centered on Grand Banks, breaks 12 submarine transatlantic telegraph cables and triggers a tsunami that destroys many south coast communities in the Burin Peninsula area.
  • 1938 – Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • 1940 – World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini’s disastrous invasion of Greece.
  • 1940 – New York City’s Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: German SS carry out selection of Jewish ghetto in Lviv, western Ukraine, arresting 5.000 “unproductive Jews.” All get deported to the Belzec death camp.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Berlin (air), 440 Royal Air Force planes bomb Berlin causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF lost nine aircraft and 53 air crew.
  • 1943 – Holocaust: Aktion Emtefest: Nazis liquidate Janowska concentration camp in Lviv, western Ukraine, murdering at least 6.000 surviving Jews.German SS leader Fritz Katzman declares Lviv (Lemberg) to be Judenfrei (free from the Jews).
  • 1970 – U.S. President Richard Nixon asks the Congress of the United States for $155 million USD in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government.
  • 1978 – Jonestown incident: In Guyana, Jim Jones leads his Peoples Temple cult in a mass murder-suicide that claims 918 lives in all, 909 of them at Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Congressman Leo J. Ryan is assassinated by members of Peoples Temple shortly beforehand.
  • 1982 – Duk Koo Kim dies unexpectedly from injuries sustained during a 14-round match against Ray Mancini in Las Vegas, Nevada, prompting reforms in the sport of boxing.
  • 1987 – Iran-Contra Affair: The U.S. Congress issues its final report on the Iran-Contras Affair.
  • 1987 – King’s Cross fire: In London, 31 people die in a fire at the city’s busiest underground station at King’s Cross St Pancras.
  • 1988 – War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law allowing the death penalty for murder in regards to drug traffickers.
  • 1991 – Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon set Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland free.
  • 1991 – After the siege of Vukovar, the Croatian city of Vukovar capitulates to besieging Yugoslav People’s Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces.
  • 1993 – In South Africa, 21 political parties approve a new constitution.
  • 1999 – In College Station, Texas, 12 are killed and 27 injured at Texas A&M University when a massive bonfire under construction collapses.
  • 2002 – Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.
  • 2003 – In the United Kingdom, the Local Government Act 2003, repealing controversial anti-gay amendment Section 28, becomes effective.
  • 2003 – The congress of the Communist Party of Indian Union (Marxist-Leninist) decides

to merge the party into Kanu Sanyal’s CPI(ML).

  • 2004 – Russia officially ratifies the Kyoto Protocol.

November 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1522 – Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Flemish general and statesman (d. 1568)
  • 1630 – Eleanor Gonzaga, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1686)
  • 1647 – Pierre Bayle, French philosopher (d. 1706)
  • 1727 – Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist (d. 1773)
  • 1772 – Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, German prince (d. 1806)
  • 1774 – Wilhelmine of Prussia, queen of the Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • 1785 – David Wilkie, British artist (d. 1841)
  • 1786 – Carl Maria von Weber, German composer (d. 1826)
  • 1787 – Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (d. 1851)
  • 1804 – Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (d. 1878)
  • 1832 – Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Swedish explorer (d. 1901)
  • 1836 – Sir William S. Gilbert, British dramatist (d. 1911)
  • 1836 – Cesare Lombroso, Italian psychiatrist and founder of criminology (d. 1909)
  • 1839 – August Kundt, German physicist (d. 1894)
  • 1856 – Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia (d. 1929)
  • 1861 – Dorothy Dix, pseudonym of US journalist Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer (d. 1951)
  • 1874 – Clarence Day, American author (d. 1935)
  • 1882 – Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian soprano (d. 1963)
  • 1882 – Jacques Maritain, French philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1883 – Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Patrick Blackett, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
  • 1898 – Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (d. 1989)
  • 1899 – Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian-born conductor (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – George Gallup, American statistician and opinion pollster (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Jean Paul Lemieux, Quebec painter (d. 1990)
  • 1906 – Klaus Mann, German writer (d. 1949)
  • 1906 – George Wald, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or
  • Medicine (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer, developer of the Mini (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Imogene Coca, American actress and comedian (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – Johnny Mercer, American lyricist (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Ken Burkhart, American baseball player and umpire (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Pedro Infante, Mexican actor and singer (d. 1957)
  • 1918 – Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Jocelyn Brando, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Luis Somoza Debayle, Nicaraguan president (d. 1967)
  • 1923 – Alan Shepard, American astronaut (d. 1998)
  • 1923 – Ted Stevens, American politician
  • 1924 – Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart, president of the European

Court of Justice (d. 2000)

  • 1925 – Gene Mauch, American baseball manager (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Hank Ballard, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Otar Gordeli, Georgian composer
  • 1932 – Nasif Estéfano, Argentine racing driver (d. 1973)
  • 1934 – Vassilis Vassilikos, Greek writer, Greece’s ambassador to UNESCO
  • 1935 – Rudolf Bahro, German dissident (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Don Cherry, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1995)
  • 1939 – Margaret Atwood, Canadian writer
  • 1939 – Brenda Vaccaro, American actress
  • 1940 – Qaboos ibn Sa’id, Sultan of Oman
  • 1941 – David Hemmings, British actor (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Linda Evans, American actress
  • 1942 – Susan Sullivan, American actress
  • 1944 – Wolfgang Joop, German artist, fashion designer and art collector
  • 1946 – Alan Dean Foster, American author
  • 1947 – Jameson Parker, American actor
  • 1948 – Andrea Marcovicci, American singer and actress
  • 1948 – Jack Tatum, American football player
  • 1950 – Graham Parker, English singer
  • 1950 – Eric Pierpoint, American actor
  • 1951 – Justin Raimondo, American author
  • 1952 – Delroy Lindo, British actor
  • 1952 – Peter Beattie, 36th Premier of Queensland
  • 1953 – Alan Moore, British comic book writer and novelist
  • 1953 – Kevin Nealon, American comedian and actor
  • 1954 – John Parr, British pop singer
  • 1954 – Evan Gray, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1956 – Noel Brotherston, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1995)
  • 1956 – Warren Moon, American football player
  • 1957 – Seán Mac Falls, Irish-born poet
  • 1958 – Daniel Brailovsky, Argentine football manager
  • 1958 – Oscar Nunez, Cuban American actor
  • 1959 – Jimmy Quinn, Northern Irish footballer and football manager
  • 1960 – Kim Wilde, British singer
  • 1960 – Elizabeth Perkins, American actress
  • 1962 – Kirk Hammett, American guitarist (Metallica)
  • 1962 – Jamie Moyer, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Dante Bichette, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Peter Schmeichel, Danish footballer
  • 1963 – Len Bias, American basketball player (d. 1986)
  • 1966 – Jorge Camacho, Spanish poet
  • 1967 – Jocelyn Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Barry Hunter, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1968 – Romany Malco, American actor and music producer
  • 1968 – Gary Sheffield, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Owen Wilson, American actor
  • 1969 – Sam Cassell, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Duncan Sheik, American Singer/Songwriter
  • 1969 – Ahmed Helmi, Egyptian Actor
  • 1970 – Mike Epps, American actor
  • 1970 – Megyn Kelly, American television news anchor
  • 1970 – Johan Liiva, Sweden vocalist (Arch Enemy)
  • 1970 – Peta Wilson, Australian actress
  • 1972 – Jessi Alexander, American country music singer/songwriter
  • 1972 – Robert Shapiro, American politician/humorist
  • 1973 – Nic Pothas, South African/English wicket-keeper
  • 1974 – Chloë Sevigny, American actress
  • 1975 – David Ortiz, Dominican baseball player
  • 1975 – Jason Williams, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Anthony McPartlin, British actor and television presenter
  • 1975 – Shawn Camp, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Shagrath, Norwegian singer (Dimmu Borgir)
  • 1976 – Mona Zaki, Egyptian Actress
  • 1977 – Trent Barrett, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1977 – Fabolous, American rapper
  • 1978 – Damien Johnson, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Elizabeth Anne Allen, American Actress
  • 1980 – Okada Junichi, singer and actor (member of V6)
  • 1980 – Dustin Kensrue, American Singer/Songwriter (Thrice)
  • 1980 – François Duval, Belgian rally driver
  • 1981 – Christina Vidal, American actress
  • 1981 – Gian Magdangal, Filipino singer and actor
  • 1983 – Jon Johansen, Norwegian software developer
  • 1983 – Travis Buck, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Johnny Christ, American musician (Avenged Sevenfold)
  • 1984 – Ryohei Chiba, member of Japanese boy band w-inds.
  • 1985 – Christian Siriano, Winner of Project Runway, Season 4
  • 1988 – Jeffrey Jordan, son of Michael Jordan
  • 1988 – Montanna Thompson, English actress
  • 1992 – Nathan Kress, child actor

November 18 – Deaths:

  • 1154 – Adélaide de Maurienne, wife of Louis VI of France (b. 1092)
  • 1305 – John II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
  • 1559 – Cuthbert Tunstall, English churchman (b. 1474)
  • 1590 – George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English statesman (b. 1528)
  • 1724 – Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese naturalist (b. 1685)
  • 1785 – Louis Philip I, Duke of Orléans, French soldier and writer (b. 1725)
  • 1797 – Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
  • 1814 – William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
  • 1886 – Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (b. 1829)
  • 1889 – William Allingham, Irish author
  • 1922 – Marcel Proust, French novelist (b. 1871)
  • 1941 – Walther Nernst, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1867)
  • 1941 – Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (b. 1879)
  • 1952 – Paul Eluard, French poet (b. 1895)
  • 1962 – Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1965 – Henry A. Wallace, Vice President of the United States (b. 1888)
  • 1969 – Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., American bootlegger (b. 1888)
  • 1969 – Ted Heath, British musician and bandleader (b. 1902)
  • 1972 – Danny Whitten, American musician and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1976 – Man Ray, American artist (b. 1890)
  • 1977 – Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (b. 1897)
  • 1977 – Victor Francen, Belgian actor (b. 1888)
  • 1978 – Jim Jones, American cult leader (suicide) (b. 1931)
  • 1978 – Leo Ryan, U.S. Congressman (b. 1925)
  • 1979 – Freddie Fitzsimmons, baseball player (b. 1901)
  • 1980 – Conn Smythe, NHL coach 1927-1931 (b. 1895)
  • 1982 – Duk Koo Kim, Korean boxer (b. 1959)
  • 1984 – Mary Hamman, American writer and editor (b. 1907)
  • 1986 – Gia Carangi, American model (AIDS) (b. 1960)
  • 1987 – Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist (cancer) (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Gustáv Husák, President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Cab Calloway, American bandleader (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Paul Bowles, American novelist (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – James Coburn, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Michael Kamen, American composer (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Cy Coleman, American composer, songwriter and pianist (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Harold J. Stone, American actor (b. 1911)

November 18 – Holidays:

  • United Nations World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims.
  • Roman festivals – day 1 Dios dedicated to the sun god by emperor Licinius
  • Latvia – Independence Day (1918)
  • Oman – National holiday
  • Venezuela – Feast of the Virgen de Chiquinquirá, also known as la Chinita, in the western state of Zulia
  • Roman Catholic Saints:
    • Dedication of the Basilicas of Saints Peter and Paul; Saint Rose Philippine Duchesne; St Mawes, St Odo of Cluny, St Romanus of Antioch

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On This Day in History November 17

November 17 – Events:

  • 284 – Diocletian is proclaimed emperor by his soldiers.
  • 473 – The future Zeno I is named associate emperor by Emperor Leo I.
  • 1183 – Battle of Mizushima.
  • 1292 – (O.S.) John Balliol becomes King of Scotland.
  • 1511 – Spain and England ally against France.
  • 1558 – Elizabethan era begins: Queen Mary I of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1603 – English explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason.
  • 1659 – Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain.
  • 1777 – Articles of Confederation was submitted to the states for ratification.
  • 1796 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Arcole – French forces defeat the Austrians in Italy.
  • 1800 – The United States Capitol building in Washington, DC holds its first session of the U.S. Congress.
  • 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi.
  • 1820 – Captain Nathaniel Palmer becomes the first American to see Antarctica (the Palmer Peninsula was later named after him).
  • 1827 – The Delta Phi fraternity, America’s oldest continuous social fraternity, was founded at Union College in Schenectady, New York.
  • 1831 – Ecuador and Venezuela were separated from Greater Colombia.
  • 1855 – David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls in what is now present-day Zambia-Zimbabwe.
  • 1856 – American Old West: On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the  Gadsden Purchase.
  • 1858 – Modified Julian Day zero.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Knoxville begins – Confederate forces led by General James Longstreet place Knoxville, Tennessee under siege.
  • 1869 – In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated in an elaborate ceremony.
  • 1871 – The National Rifle Association is granted a charter by the state of New York.
  • 1876 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s patriotic Slavonic March made its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception by the Russian people.
  • 1878 – First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy.
  • 1903 – The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party splits into two groups; the Bolsheviks (Russian for “majority”) and Mensheviks (Russian for “minority”).
  • 1903 – Dahomey (Benin) becomes a French protectorate.
  • 1905 – The Eulsa Treaty is signed between Japan and Korea.
  • 1911 – The Omega Psi Phi fraternity, the first African-American fraternity at a historically black college or university, is founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
  • 1919 – King George V of the United Kingdom proclaims Armistice Day (later Remembrance Day). The idea was first suggested by Edward George Honey.
  • 1922 – Former Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI goes into exile in Italy.
  • 1933 – United States recognizes Soviet Union.
  • 1939 – Nine Czech students are executed as a response to anti-Nazi demonstrations prompted by the death of Jan Opletal; in addition, Czech universities are shut down and over a thousand Czech students sent to concentration camps.
  • 1939 – The Rome-Rio de Janeiro air connection is created.
  • 1950 – Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, was enthroned as Tibet’s head of state at the age of fifteen.
  • 1953 – The remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands, Kerry, Ireland are evacuated to the mainland.
  • 1954 – Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes president of Egypt.
  • 1962 – President John F. Kennedy dedicates Dulles International Airport, serving the Washington, D.C. region.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: Acting on optimistic reports he was given on November 13, US President Lyndon B. Johnson tells his nation that, while much remained to be done, “We are inflicting greater losses than we’re taking…We are making progress.”
  • 1968 – Alexandros Panagoulis is condemned to death for attempting to assassinate Greek dictator George Papadopoulos.
  • 1969 – Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet in Helsinki to begin SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the number of strategic weapons on both sides.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Lieutenant William Calley goes on trial for the My Lai massacre.
  • 1970 – Luna program: The Soviet Union lands Lunokhod 1 on Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on the Moon. This is the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world and was released by the orbiting Luna 17 spacecraft.
  • 1970 – Douglas Engelbart receives the patent for the first computer mouse.
  • 1973 – Watergate scandal: In Orlando, Florida, US President Richard Nixon tells 400 Associated Press managing editors “I am not a crook”.
  • 1973 – The Athens Polytechnic Uprising against the military regime ends in a bloodshed in the Greek capital.
  • 1974 – Aliança Operário-Camponesa (Worker-Peasant Alliance) founded in Portugal, as a front of PCP(m-l).
  • 1983 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation is founded.
  • 1989 – Cold War: Velvet Revolution begins: In Czechoslovakia, a student demonstration in Prague is quelled by riot police. This sparks an uprising aimed at overthrowing the communist government (it succeeds on December 29).
  • 1990 – Fugendake, part of the Mount Unzen volcanic complex, Nagasaki prefecture, Japan becomes active again and erupts.
  • 1997 – In Luxor, Egypt, 62 people are killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut, known as Luxor massacre (The police then kill the assailants).
  • 2000 – A catastrophic landslide in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, kills 7, and causes millions of SIT of damage. It is one of the worst catastrophes in Slovenia in the past 100 years.
  • 2000 – Alberto Fujimori is removed from office as president of Peru.
  • 2003 – Arnold Schwarzenegger is inaugurated as Governor of California.
  • 2004 – Kmart Corp. announces it is buying Sears, Roebuck and Co. for $11 billion USD and naming the newly merged company Sears Holdings Corporation.
  • 2005 – Italy’s choice of national anthem, Il Canto degli Italiani, becomes official in law for the first time, almost 60 years after it was provisionally chosen following the birth of the republic.
  • 2006 – Official naming of element 111, Roentgenium (Rg).

November 17 – Birthdays:

  • 9 – Vespasian, Roman Emperor (d. 79)
  • 1502 – Atahualpa, last emperor of the Inca (d. 1533)
  • 1503 – Agnolo Bronzino, Italian painter (d. 1572)
  • 1576 – Roque Gonzales, Paraguayan missionary (d. 1628)
  • 1587 – Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet (d. 1679)
  • 1612 – Dorgon, Manchu prince (d. 1650)
  • 1681 – Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (d. 1776)
  • 1685 – Pierre Gaultier, French-Canadian trader and explorer (d. 1749)
  • 1729 – Maria Antonietta of Spain, queen of Sardinia (d. 1785)
  • 1755 – Louis XVIII of France (d. 1824)
  • 1765 – Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, French marshal (d. 1840)
  • 1790 – August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • 1793 – Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter (d. 1865)
  • 1799 – Titian Peale, American artist (d. 1885)
  • 1816 – August Wilhelm Ambros, Austrian composer (d. 1876)
  • 1827 – Petko Slavejkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 1895)
  • 1835 – Andrew L. Harris, governor of Ohio (d. 1915)
  • 1854 – Hubert Lyautey, French general (d. 1934)
  • 1857 – Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (d. 1932)
  • 1866 – Voltairine de Cleyre, American anarchist (d. 1912)
  • 1868 – Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist (d. 1918)
  • 1877 – Frank Calder, the first NHL President (d. 1943)
  • 1878 – Grace Abbott, American social worker (d. 1939)
  • 1878 – Lise Meitner, Austrian physicist (d. 1968)
  • 1887 – Bernard Montgomery, British World War II commander (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Richard Nikolaus Graf Coudenhove-Kalergi, Austrian politician (d. 1972)
  • 1895 – Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (d. 1975)
  • 1895 – Gregorio López y Fuentes, Mexican author (d. 1966)
  • 1896 – Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (d. 1934)
  • 1897 – Frank Fay, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 1899 – Douglas Shearer, Canadian film sound engineer (d. 1971)
  • 1901 – Walter Hallstein, German politician (d. 1982)
  • 1901 – Lee Strasberg, Austrian director (d. 1982)
  • 1902 – Eugene Wigner, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1904 – Isamu Noguchi, American sculptor (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Queen Astrid of the Belgians (d. 1935)
  • 1905 – Mischa Auer, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1906 – Soichiro Honda, Japanese automobile pioneer (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – Rollie Stiles, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – Israel Regardie, Aleister Crowley’s secretary (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Christian Fouchet, French diplomat (d. 1974)
  • 1916 – Shelby Foote, American historian (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Camillo Felgen, Luxembourgish singer (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Stanley Cohen, American biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1923 – Bert Sutcliffe, New Zealand cricketer (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Hubertus Brandenburg, Roman Catholic Bishop of Stockholm
  • 1925 – Rock Hudson, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – Charles Mackerras, Australian-born conductor
  • 1927 – Robert Brown, American actor
  • 1928 – Rance Howard, American actor
  • 1929 – Norm Zauchin, baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Bob Mathias, American decathlete (d. 2006)
  • 1934 – Fenella Fielding, English actress
  • 1935 – Bobby Joe Conrad, American football player
  • 1935 – Toni Sailer, Austrian skier
  • 1936 – Dahlia Ravikovitch, Israeli poet (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Peter Cook, British comedian (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – Gordon Lightfoot, Canadian singer
  • 1939 – Auberon Waugh, British author (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Luke Kelly, Irish folk music singer and banjo player
  • 1942 – Martin Scorsese, American film director
  • 1942 – Khang Khek Leu, Cambodian politician
  • 1943 – Lauren Hutton, American actress
  • 1944 – Jim Boeheim, Hall of Fame Coach
  • 1944 – Danny DeVito, American actor
  • 1944 – Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect
  • 1944 – Lorne Michaels, Canadian producer
  • 1944 – Tom Seaver, baseball player
  • 1944 – Gene Clark, American singer and songwriter (The Byrds) (d. 1991)
  • 1945 – Elvin Hayes, American basketball player
  • 1945 – Roland Joffé, Anglo-French film director
  • 1946 – Terry E. Branstad, Governor of Iowa
  • 1946 – Martin Barre, English rock musician (Jethro Tull)
  • 1947 – Steven E. de Souza, American scriptwriter
  • 1947 – Inky Mark, Canadian politician
  • 1948 – Howard Dean, American politician
  • 1950 – Tom Walkinshaw, Scottish race car driver and race team owner
  • 1951 – Stephen Root, American actor
  • 1951 – Dean Paul Martin, American singer and actor (d. 1987)
  • 1952 – Ties Kruize, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1954 – Mark Brandon Read, Australian criminal
  • 1955 – Dennis Maruk, Canadian hockey player
  • 1955 – Yolanda King, daughter of Martin Luther King, Jr. (d. 2007)
  • 1957 – Debbie Thrower, BBC News Reader
  • 1958 – Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, American actress
  • 1959 – Terry Fenwick, English footballer
  • 1960 – Jonathan Ross, British presenter
  • 1960 – Kirk Fogg, host of Legends of the Hidden Temple
  • 1960 – RuPaul, American drag entertainer
  • 1961 – Robert Stethem, U.S. Navy Seabee diver murdered by terrorists on TWA Flight
  • 847 (d. 1985)
  • 1962 – Dédé Fortin, Quebec singer (Les Colocs) (d. 2000)
  • 1964 – Ralph Garman, American actor and radio personality
  • 1964 – Mitch Williams, Major League Baseball player
  • 1965 – Amanda Brown, Australian musician (The Go-Betweens) and composer
  • 1966 – Jeff Buckley, American musician (d. 1997)
  • 1966 – Sophie Marceau, French actress
  • 1966 – Daisy Fuentes, Cuban model and actress
  • 1966 – Kate Ceberano, Australian singer
  • 1966 – Richard Fortus, American guitarist (Guns N’ Roses)
  • 1968 – Amber Michaels, German porn actress
  • 1969 – Jean-Michel Saive, Belgian table tennis player
  • 1969 – Ryotaro Okiayu, Japanese voice actor
  • 1970 – Paul Allender, British guitarist (Cradle of Filth)
  • 1972 – Leonard Roberts, American actor
  • 1973 – Eli Marrero, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Bernd Schneider, German footballer
  • 1973 – Alexei Urmanov, Russian figure skater
  • 1974 – Leslie Bibb, American actress
  • 1974 – Berto Romero, Spanish humorist
  • 1975 – Lord Infamous, Rapper
  • 1975 – Diane Neal, American actress
  • 1976 – Brandon Call, American actor
  • 1977 – Ryk Neethling, South African swimmer
  • 1978 – Zoë Bell, New Zealand actress
  • 1978 – Reggie Wayne, American football player
  • 1979 – Brad Bradley, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Matthew Spring, English footballer
  • 1980 – Isaac Hanson, American musician (Hanson)
  • 1980 – Mercedes Martinez, professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Sarah Harding, English singer (Girls Aloud)
  • 1982 – Katie Feenstra, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Yiannis Bourousis, Greek basketball player
  • 1983 – Ryan Braun, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Harry Lloyd, English actor
  • 1983 – Nick Markakis, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Christopher Paolini, American novelist
  • 1984 – Park Han-byul, South Korean actress
  • 1986 – Nani, Portuguese football player
  • 1990 – Shanica Knowles, American actress
  • 1992 – Darian Weiss, American actor; Cassiopeia Quaranta, American playgirl
  • 1994 – Raquel Castro, American actress

November 17 – Deaths:

  • 375 – Valentinian I, Roman Emperor (b. 321)
  • 594 – Gregory of Tours, bishop and historian (b. c.539)
  • 641 – Emperor Jomei of Japan (b. 593)
  • 680 – Hilda of Whitby (b. 614)
  • 885 – Queen Liutgard
  • 1231 – Elisabeth of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1207)
  • 1302 – St. Gertrude the Great (b. 1256)
  • 1326 – Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician (b. 1285)
  • 1494 – Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1558 – Mary I of England (b. 1516)
  • 1558 – Reginald Cardinal Pole, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1500)
  • 1562 – Antoine de Bourbon, father of Henry IV of France (b. 1518)
  • 1592 – John III of Sweden (b. 1537)
  • 1600 – Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander (b. 1542)
  • 1632 – Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal (b. 1594)
  • 1643 – Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant, Marshal of France (b. 1602)
  • 1648 – Thomas Ford, English composer
  • 1665 – John Earle, English bishop
  • 1668 – Joseph Alleine, English preacher (b. 1634)
  • 1690 – Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French soldier (b. 1610)
  • 1708 – Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch painter (b. 1631)
  • 1713 – Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1653)
  • 1720 – Calico Jack, English pirate (b. 1682)
  • 1747 – Alain-René Lesage, French writer (b. 1668)
  • 1768 – Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Prime Minister of the
  • United Kingdom (b. 1693)
  • 1776 – James Ferguson, British astronomer (b. 1710)
  • 1780 – Bernardo Bellotto, Italian painter (b. 1720)
  • 1794 – Jacques François Dugommier, French general (b. 1738)
  • 1796 – Catherine II of Russia, Empress of Russia (b. 1729)
  • 1808 – David Zeisberger, Moravian missionary (b. 1721)
  • 1818 – Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen consort of King George III (b. 1744)
  • 1835 – Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, French painter (b. 1758)
  • 1849 – Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest and miracle-worker (b. 1794)
  • 1858 – Robert Owen, British father of the cooperative movement (b. 1771)
  • 1897 – George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • 1902 – Hugh Price Hughes, Methodist Social Reformer (b. 1847)
  • 1905 – Adolphe of Luxembourg, (b. 1817)
  • 1910 – Ralph Johnstone, pioneer pilot, 1st ‘American’ pilot killed in the crash of an
  • airplane, Denver, Colorado.
  • 1917 – Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (b. 1840)
  • 1922 – Robert Comtesse, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1847)
  • 1928 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian author, politician, & freedom fighter (b. 1865)
  • 1929 – Herman Hollerith, American statistician (b. 1860)
  • 1936 – Ernestine Schumann-Heink, Austrian contralto (b. 1861)
  • 1937 – Jack Worrall, Australian cricketer (b. 1860)
  • 1938 – Ante Trumbic, Croatian politician (b. 1864)
  • 1940 – Eric Gill, British sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1940 – Raymond Pearl, American biologist (b. 1879)
  • 1942 – Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • 1947 – Victor Serge, Russian anarchist, novelist, and historian (b. 1890)
  • 1955 – James P. Johnson, American pianist and composer (b. 1894)
  • 1958 – Mort Cooper, baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1959 – Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer (b. 1887)
  • 1968 – Mervyn Peake, British writer (b. 1911)
  • 1973 – The Mother, Sri Aurobindo Ashram (b. 1878)
  • 1979 – John Glascock, British bassist (Jethro Tull)
  • 1980 – Shah Maghsoud Sadegh Angha, 41st Sufi master of Oveyssi order (b. 1916)
  • 1982 – Eduard Tubin, Estonian composer (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Leonid Borisovitch Kogan, Russian violinist (b. 1924)
  • 1986 – Georges Besse, French automobile executive (b. 1927)
  • 1987 – Paul Derringer, baseball player (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – Gus Farace, American gangster (b. 1960)
  • 1990 – Robert Hofstadter, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)\
  • 1992 – Andrew Hernandez, American Actor/Music Producer
  • 1993 – Gérard D. Lévesque, Canadian politician (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Alan Hull, English Rock Musician (Lindisfarne)
  • 1998 – Esther Rolle, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Louis Eugène Félix Néel, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2001 – Michael Karoli, German guitarist (b. 1948)
  • 2002 – Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Arthur Conley, American singer (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – Don Gibson, American singer (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Mikael Ljungberg, Swedish wrestler (b. 1970)
  • 2004 – Alexander Ragulin, Russian hockey player (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – Marek Perepeczko, Polish actor (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Ruth Brown, American blues singer (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Ferenc Puskás, Hungarian footballer (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Bo Schembechler, American football coach (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Flo Sandon’s, Italian singer (b. 1924)

November 17 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – Elisabeth of Hungary; Gregory of Tours; Hilda of Whitby; Hugh of Lincoln; Acisclus
  • International Students Day
  • Slovakia and the Czech Republic – Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day commemorating the beginning of the Velvet Revolution in 1989.

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