On This Day in History January 16

January 16 – Events:

  • 27 BC – The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.
  • 550 – Gothic War (535–552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison.
  • 1120 – The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1362 – A great storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt.
  • 1412 – The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
  • 1492 – The first grammar of a modern language, in the Spanish language, is presented to Queen Isabella.
  • 1547 – Ivan IV of Russia aka Ivan the Terrible becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1556 – Philip II becomes King of Spain.
  • 1572 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
  • 1581 – The English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism.
  • 1605 – The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid.
  • 1707 – The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.
  • 1761 – The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.
  • 1777 – Vermont declares its independence from New York.
  • 1780 – American Revolution: Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
  • 1795 – France occupies Utrecht, Netherlands.
  • 1809 – Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of La Coruña.
  • 1847 – John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
  • 1864 – Second Schleswig War: King Christian IX of Denmark declares war on the German Confederation in order to occupy Schleswig.
  • 1878 – Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
  • 1883 – The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil Service, is passed.
  • 1896 – Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
  • 1900 – The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  • 1909 – Ernest Shackleton’s expedition finds the magnetic South Pole.
  • 1919 – Temperance movement: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.
  • 1920 – Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Inc. is founded on the campus of Howard University.
  • 1920 – 18th Amendment, prohibition, goes into effect; repealed in 1933.
  • 1941 – War Department forms first Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets.
  • 1942 – William Knudsen becomes first civilian appointed a general in US army.
  • 1944 – General Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.
  • 1956 – President Gamal Abdal Nasser of Egypt vows to reconquer Palestine.
  • 1957 – 3 B-52s leave California for first non-stop round the world flights.
  • 1963 – Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb.
  • 1964 – “Hello, Dolly!” starring Carol Channing, opens on Broadway.
  • 1966 – Harold R. Perry becomes 2nd black Roman Catholic bishop in US.
  • 1968 – The Youth International Party is founded.
  • 1969 – Czech student Jan Palach commits suicide by self-immolation in Prague, in protest against the Soviets’ crushing of the Prague Spring the year before.
  • 1969 – The Metroliner train enters into service.
  • 1970 – NFL realigns into 3 divisions (down from 4).
  • 1972 – Super Bowl VI-Dallas Cowboys-24, Miami-3.
  • 1976 – “Donny & Marie” musical variety show premiers on ABC TV.
  • 1979 – The Shah of Iran flees Iran with his family and relocates to Egypt.
  • 1980 – Paul McCartney jailed in Tokyo for 10 days on marijuana possession.
  • 1981 – Leon Spinks is mugged, his assailants even take his gold teeth.
  • 1984 – Paul & Linda McCartney arrested in Barbados-possession of marijuana.
  • 1988 – Jimmy “The Greek” Snyder fired from CBS for racial remarks.
  • 1988 – NFL St Louis Cardinals announce move to Phoenix.
  • 1991 – The United States goes to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).
  • 1992 – El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City ending a 12-year civil war that claimed at least 75,000.
  • 1996 – Greek Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou resigns from office for health reasons.
  • 2001 – Congolese President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
  • 2001 – US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish-American War.
  • 2002 – The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the remaining members of the Taliban.
  • 2003 – The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one.  Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.
  • 2005 – Adriana Iliescu becomes the oldest woman in the world to give birth, at age 66.
  • 2006 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia’s new president. She becomes Africa’s first female elected head of state.

January 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1245 – Edmund Crouchback, son of Henry III of England (d. 1296)
  • 1409 – René I of Naples (d. 1480)
  • 1477 – Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)
  • 1501 – Anthony Denny, confidant of King Henry VIII of England (d. 1559)
  • 1616 – François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (d. 1669)
  • 1626 – Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (d. 1699)
  • 1634 – Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (d. 1716)
  • 1675 – Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (d. 1755)
  • 1728 – Niccolò Piccinni, Italian composer (d. 1800)
  • 1807 – Charles Henry Davis, American Civil War Admiral (d 1877)
  • 1815 – Henry W. Halleck, American Civil War general (d. 1872)
  • 1821 – John C. Breckinridge, U.S. Vice-President and Confederate general (d. 1875)
  • 1834 – Robert R. Hitt, American politician (d. 1906)
  • 1836 – King Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
  • 1838 – Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)
  • 1844 – Ismail Qemali, Albanian nationalist (d. 1919)
  • 1853 – Andre Michelin, French industrialist (d. 1931)
  • 1853 – Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson, English actor and theatre manager (d. 1937)
  • 1853 – Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – Edward Gordon Craig, English actor, producer, director and scenic designer (d. 1966)
  • 1872 – Henri Busser, French composer (d. 1973)
  • 1874 – Robert W. Service, Canadian poet (d. 1958)
  • 1875 – Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • 1878 – Harry Carey, American silent film actor (d. 1947)
  • 1885 – Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
  • 1886 – John Hamilton, American actor (d. 1958)
  • 1888 – Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • 1893 – Daisy Kennedy, Australian violinist (d. 1981)
  • 1894 – Irving Mills, American jazz music publisher (d. 1985)
  • 1895 – Nat Schachner, American author (d. 1955)
  • 1897 – Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (d. 1977)
  • 1898 – Irving Rapper, UK-US film director (d. 1999)
  • 1898 – Margaret Booth, American film editor (d. 2002)
  • 1901 – Fulgencio Batista, Cuban leader (d. 1973)
  • 1901 – Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (d. 1945)
  • 1903 – William Grover-Williams, English-French racing driver and WWII resistance fighter (d. 1945, by execution)
  • 1905 – Ernesto Halffter, Spanish composer and conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Diana Wynyard, British actress (d. 1964)
  • 1907 – Alexander Knox, Canadian actor (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Paul Nitze, American government official (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Ethel Merman, American actress and singer (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)
  • 1910 – Dizzy Dean, American baseball player (d. 1974)
  • 1911 – Roger Lapébie, French cyclist (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean politician (d.1982)
  • 1914 – Roger Wagner, American choral musician (d. 1992)
  • 1916 – Philip Lucock, Australian politician and Presbyterian minister (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Carl Karcher, founded the Carl’s Jr. hamburger chain (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Clem Jones, Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Stirling Silliphant, American writer (d. 1996)
  • 1920 – Alberto Crespo, Argentine racing driver (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer
  • 1923 – Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Pilar Lorengar, Spanish soprano (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – William Kennedy, American author
  • 1930 – Clarence Ray Allen, American murderer (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Norman Podhoretz, US writer, foreign policy adviser
  • 1931 – Johannes Rau, German politician (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Dian Fossey, American zoologist (d. 1985)
  • 1933 – Susan Sontag, American writer (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Marilyn Horne, American opera singer
  • 1935 – A.J. Foyt, American race car driver and team owner
  • 1937 – Lorraine Bayly, Australian actress
  • 1937 – Luiz Bueno, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1938 – Jô Soares, Brazilian author, musician and TV personality
  • 1942 – René Angélil, Canadian music executive
  • 1942 – Barbara Lynn, American singer
  • 1943 – Gavin Bryars, English composer and double bassist
  • 1943 – Brian Ferneyhough, British composer
  • 1944 – Jim Stafford, American singer and songwriter
  • 1946 – Kabir Bedi, Indian actor
  • 1946 – Ronnie Milsap, American singer and songwriter
  • 1946 – Katia Ricciarelli, Italian soprano
  • 1947 – Laura Schlessinger, American radio talk show host
  • 1947 – Magdalen Nabb, British author (d. 2007)
  • 1947 – Harvey Proctor, British politician
  • 1948 – John Carpenter, American film director
  • 1948 – Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand entertainer (d. 2002)
  • 1948 – Cliff Thorburn, Canadian snooker player
  • 1948 – Ruth Reichl, American magazine editor
  • 1949 – Andrew Refshauge, Australian politician, Deputy Premier of New South Wales
  • 1950 – Debbie Allen, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1950 – Damo Suzuki, Japanese singer (Can)
  • 1951 – Glenn Ordway, American radio talk show host
  • 1952 – King Fuad II of Egypt
  • 1953 – Robert Jay Mathews, American neo-Nazi (d. 1984)
  • 1956 – Jennifer Dale, Canadian actress
  • 1956 – Martin Jol, Dutch football manager
  • 1956 – Ivan Safronov, Russian journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1958 – Anatoli Boukreev, Russian climber (d. 1997)
  • 1958 – Lena Ek, Swedish politician
  • 1959 – Juanita Bynum, American televangelist
  • 1959 – Sade, Nigerian-born singer
  • 1961 – Paul Raven, English musician (Killing Joke) (d. 2007)
  • 1961 – Jill Sobule, American singer-songwriter
  • 1962 – Paul Webb, British musician (Talk Talk, .O.rang)
  • 1962 – Joel Fitzgibbon, Australian Labor Party politician
  • 1963 – James May, English television presenter
  • 1965 – Maxine Jones, American singer (En Vogue)
  • 1968 – David Chokachi, American actor
  • 1969 – Roy Jones Jr., American boxer
  • 1969 – Dead, Swedish black metal vocalist (Mayhem) (d. 1991)
  • 1970 – Garth Ennis, Irish comic book author
  • 1970 – Brendan O’Hare, Scottish drummer (Teenage Fanclub, Telstar Ponies)
  • 1970 – Ron Villone, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Sergi Bruguera, Spanish tennis player
  • 1972 – Richard T. Jones, American actor
  • 1972 – Greg Page, Australian actor
  • 1973 – Josie Davis, American actress
  • 1974 – Marlon Anderson, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Kate Moss, English model
  • 1975 – Greg Strause, American visual effects creator
  • 1975 – Gillian Iliana Waters, American actress
  • 1976 – Viktor Maslov, Russian racing driver
  • 1976 – Martina Moravcová, Slovak female swimmer
  • 1977 – Jeff Foster, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Aaliyah, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1979 – Brenden Morrow, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Jason Ward, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Albert Pujols, Dominican-born baseball player
  • 1980 – Michelle Wild, Hungarian model
  • 1980 – Seydou Keita, Malian footballer
  • 1981 – Bobby Zamora, English footballer
  • 1981 – Nick Valensi, American guitarist (The Strokes)
  • 1982 – Samuel Preston, British singer (The Ordinary Boys)
  • 1982 – Tuncay Sanli, Turkish footballer
  • 1983 – Emanuel Pogatetz, Austrian footballer
  • 1984 – Jared Slingerland, Canadian musician
  • 1987 – Lauren McAvoy, British fashion model
  • 1988 – Nicklas Bendtner, Danish footballer

January 16 – Deaths:

  • 960 – Polyeuctus, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1400 – John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician (executed) (b. 1352)
  • 1545 – George Spalatin, German reformer (b. 1484)
  • 1547 – Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (b. 1477)
  • 1554 – Christiern Pedersen, Danish humanist (b. 1480)
  • 1585 – Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral (b. 1512)
  • 1659 – Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer (b. 1580)
  • 1710 – Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
  • 1711 – Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (b. 1651)
  • 1747 – Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (b. 1680)
  • 1748 – Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1750 – Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshall (b. 1667)
  • 1752 – Francis Blomefield, English topographer (b. 1705)
  • 1794 – Edward Gibbon, English historian (b. 1737)
  • 1809 – John Moore, British general (b. 1761)
  • 1817 – Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman (b. 1759)
  • 1834 – Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
  • 1856 – Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)
  • 1864 – Anton Schindler, Austrian biographer of Beethoven (b. 1795)
  • 1865 – Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (b. 1828)
  • 1879 – Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet (b. 1827)
  • 1886 – Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian opera composer (b. 1834)
  • 1891 – Léo Delibes, French composer (b. 1836)
  • 1898 – Charles Pelham Villiers, longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons (b. 1802)
  • 1901 – Hiram Revels, U.S. Senator, first African-American to serve in the United States Congress (b. 1822)
  • 1901 – Jules Barbier, French opera librettist (b. 1825)
  • 1901 – Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter (b. 1827)
  • 1906 – Marshall Field, founder of Marshall Field and Company (b. 1834)
  • 1917 – George Dewey, U.S. admiral (b. 1837)
  • 1919 – Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
  • 1920 – Reginald De Koven, American music critic and composer of operettas (b. 1859)
  • 1924 – Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (b. 1859)
  • 1935 – Ma Barker, American criminal (b. 1871)
  • 1936 – Albert Fish, American serial killer (b. 1870)
  • 1942 – Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, son of Queen Victoria, Governor General of Canada (b. 1850)
  • 1942 – Carole Lombard, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1957 – Arturo Toscanini, Italian conductor (b. 1867)
  • 1957 – 1st Earl of Athlone, British royal, Governor-General of South Africa and Canada (b. 1874)
  • 1962 – Ivan Meštrovic, Croatian sculptor (b. 1883)
  • 1962 – Frank Hurley, Australian photographer (b. 1885)
  • 1963 – Ike Quebec, American tenor-saxophone player (b. 1918)
  • 1967 – Robert J. Van de Graaff, American nuclear physicist (b. 1901)
  • 1969 – Vernon Duke, American composer and songwriter (b. 1903)
  • 1969 – Jan Palach, Czech protester against the Soviet led invasion.(b. 1948)
  • 1971 – Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Ross Bagdasarian, American actor and creator of The Chipmunks (b. 1919)
  • 1979 – Ted Cassidy, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 1979 – August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Bernard Lee, English actor (b. 1908)
  • 1982 – Red Smith, American sports columnist (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Robert Fitzgerald, U.S. poet and translator (b. 1910)
  • 1986 – Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist, author, and publisher (b. 1892)
  • 1987 – Bertram Wainer, Australian pro-abortion campaigner (b. 1928)
  • 1988 – Andrija Artukovic, Croatian war criminal (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Ballard Berkeley, English actor (b. 1904)
  • 1993 – Jón Páll Sigmarsson, Icelandic strength athlete (b. 1960)
  • 1995 – Eric Mottram, English poet, teacher, critic, and editor (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Marcia Davenport, American author and music critic (b. 1903)
  • 1997 – Ennis Cosby, son of entertainer Bill Cosby (murdered) (b. 1969)
  • 1998 – Dimitris Horn, Greek actor (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Jim McClelland, Australian solicitor, politician, Minister, Royal Commissioner, judge (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Will “Dub” Jones, American singer (The Coasters) (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – John Rankin, musical entertainer (b. 1959)
  • 2001 – Laurent-Désiré Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1939)
  • 2001 – Auberon Waugh, British author and journalist (b. 1939)
  • 2002 – Robert Hanbury Brown, British-Australian astronomer and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Michael Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Bobo Olson, American boxer (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Eddie Meduza, Swedish composer (b. 1948)
  • 2002 – Ron Taylor, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Richard Wainwright, English politician (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Kalevi Sorsa, Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Marjorie Williams, American journalist (b. 1958)
  • 2006 – Stanley Biber, American physician, pioneer of transgender surgery, (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Ron Carey, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Benny Parsons, American racecar driver and commentator (b. 1941)

January 16 – Holidays:

  • Teacher’s Day in Thailand
  • Thai Pongal in Tamil nadu, India
  • National Religious Freedom Day in the United States, to commemorate the adoption of Thomas Jefferson’s landmark Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom in 1786
  • Religious holidays:
    • Berard of Carbio
    • Saint Fursey
    • Honoratus of Arles

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On This Day in History January 15

January 15 – Events:

  • 588 BC – Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah’s reign.  The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.
  • 69 – Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, but only rules for three months before committing suicide.
  • 1535 – Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church
  • 1582 – Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland.
  • 1759 – The British Museum opens.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: New Connecticut (present day Vermont) declares its independence.
  • 1782 – Superintendent of Finance Robert Morris goes before the U.S. Congress to recommend establishment of a national mint and decimal coinage.
  • 1822 – Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  • 1844 – University of Notre Dame receives its charter from the state of Indiana.
  • 1865 – American Civil War – Fort Fisher North Carolina falls to the Union, thus cutting off the last major seaport of the Confederacy.
  • 1870 – A political cartoon for the first time symbolizes the United States Democratic Party with a donkey (“A Live Jackass Kicking a Dead Lion” by Thomas Nast for Harper’s Weekly).
  • 1892 – James Naismith publishes the rules for basketball.
  • 1907 – 3-element vacuum tube patented by Dr. Lee de Forest.
  • 1907 – Gold dental inlays first described by Williamm Taggart (inventor).
  • 1908 – The Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority becomes the first Greek-letter organization founded and established by African-American college women.
  • 1919 – 2 million gallons of molasses “Tidal Wave” Boston MA, drowning 21.
  • 1919 – Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps.
  • 1936 – The first building to be completely covered in glass is completed in Toledo, Ohio (the building was for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company).
  • 1943 – World War II: The Japanese are driven off Guadalcanal.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Soviet counter-offensive at Voronezh begins.
  • 1943 – The world’s largest office building, The Pentagon, is dedicated in Arlington, Virginia.
  • 1947 – The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short (“The Black Dahlia”) is found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California.
  • 1951 – “Cloud of Death” rolls down Mount Lamington, New Guinea kills 5,000
  • 1951 – Ilse Koch, The “Bitch of Buchenwald,” wife of the commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment by a court in West Germany.
  • 1965 – Rock group Who releases first album “I Can’t Explain”
  • 1967 – Green Bay Packers beat Kansas City Chiefs 35-10 in Super Bowl I.
  • 1969 – The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 5.
  • 1970 – After a 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria, Biafra surrenders.
  • 1970 – Muammar al-Qaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya.
  • 1973 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in peace negotiations, President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive action in North Vietnam.
  • 1974 – “Happy Days” premiers on ABC.
  • 1974 – Expert panel reports 18 minute gap in Watergate tape, 5 separate erasures.
  • 1976 – Gerald Ford’s would-be assassin, Sara Jane Moore, is sentenced to life in prison.
  • 1977 – The Kälvesta air disaster kills 22 people, the worst air crash in Sweden’s history.
  • 1978 – Ted Bundy kills Florida State University coeds Lisa Levy & Margaret Bowman.
  • 1981 – “Hill Street Blues” premiers on NBC-TV.
  • 1984 – Hana Mandlikova ends Martina Navratilova’s 54-match winning streak.
  • 1985 – Tancredo Neves becomes first elected president of Brazil in 21 years
  • 1986 – The Living Seas opens at EPCOT Center in Walt Disney World, Florida.
  • 1990 – AT&T’s long distance telephone network suffers a cascade switching failure.
  • 1990 – 42 year old George Foreman KO’s George Cooney in 2 rounds
  • 1991 – The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm.
  • 1992 – The international community recognizes the independence of Slovenia and Croatia from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 1993 – Salvatore Riina, the Mafia boss known as ‘The Beast,’ is arrested in Sicily after three decades as a fugitive.
  • 1999 – The Racak incident: 45 Albanians in the Kosovo village of Racak are killed by Yugoslav security forces.
  • 2001 – Wikipedia, a free Wiki content encyclopedia, goes online.
  • 2005 – An intense solar flare blasts X-rays across the solar system.
  • 2005 – ESA’s SMART-1 lunar orbiter discovers elements such as calcium, aluminum, silicon, iron, and other surface elements on the moon.
  • 2007 – Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Revolutionary Court, are executed by hanging in Iraq.

January 15 – Birthdays:

  • 1342 – Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1404)
  • 1432 – King Afonso V of Portugal (d. 1481)
  • 1481 – Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1511)
  • 1538 – Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (d. 1599)
  • 1622 – Molière, French playwright (d. 1673)
  • 1671 – Abraham de la Pryme, English antiquarian (d. 1704)
  • 1674 – Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (d. 1762)
  • 1716 – Philip Livingston, American founding father (d. 1778)
  • 1747 – John Aikin, English doctor and writer (d. 1822)
  • 1754 – Richard Martin, Irish founder of the SPCA (d. 1834)
  • 1791 – Franz Grillparzer, Austrian writer (d. 1872)
  • 1795 – Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (d. 1829)
  • 1803 – Marjory Fleming, Scottish child writer and poet, who died aged 8 (d. 1811)
  • 1809 – Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French anarchist (d. 1865)
  • 1812 – Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Norwegian writer (d. 1885)
  • 1816 – Marie LaFarge, French murderer (d. 1852)
  • 1824 – Marie Duplessis, French courtesan, inspiration for La Dame aux Camelias (d. 1847)
  • 1841 – Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, Governor General of Canada (d. 1908)
  • 1842 – Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)
  • 1842 – Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
  • 1850 – Mihai Eminescu, Romanian poet (d. 1889)
  • 1850 – Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1891)
  • 1855 – Jacques Damala, Greek military officer and actor (d. 1889)
  • 1859 – Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia (d. 1920)
  • 1863 – Wilhelm Marx, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1866 – Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1931)
  • 1869 – Stanislaw Wyspianski, Polish dramatist (d. 1907)
  • 1870 – Pierre S. du Pont, President of the DuPont company (d. 1954)
  • 1872 – Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (d. 1944)
  • 1875 – Tom Burke, American runner (d. 1929)
  • 1877 – Lewis Terman, U.S psychologist, inventor of the Stanford-Binet IQ test (d. 1956)
  • 1879 – Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (d. 1961)
  • 1882 – Princess Margaret of Connaught, Crown Princess of Sweden (d. 1920)
  • 1885 – Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (d. 1973)
  • 1885 – Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer (d. 1915)
  • 1885 – Grover Lowdermilk, American baseball player (d. 1968)
  • 1890 – Tommy Fleming, American soccer player (d. 1965)
  • 1891 – Ray Chapman, American baseball player (d. 1920)
  • 1891 – Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet (d. 1938)
  • 1892 – Rex Ingram, Irish director (d. 1950)
  • 1893 – Ivor Novello, Welsh composer and actor (d. 1951)
  • 1895 – Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • 1899 – Goodman Ace, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1902 – King Saud of Saudi Arabia (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Paul A. Dever, 58 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1905 – Torin Thatcher, English actor (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-born physicist (d. 2003)
  • 1909 – Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer (d. 1939)
  • 1909 – Gene Krupa, American drummer (d. 1973)
  • 1912 – Michel Debré, French politician (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Harry Hay, Founder of American Gay Rights Movement (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Lloyd Bridges, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Miriam Hyde, Australian composer (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Hugh Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, English historian (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – João Figueiredo, President of Brazil (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Édouard Gagnon, Canadian Roman Catholic cardinal (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Gamal Abdal Nasser, President of Egypt (d. 1970)
  • 1920 – John Cardinal O’Connor, American Catholic cardinal (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Steve Gromek, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Frank Thornton, English actor (Captain Peacock in Are You Being Served?)
  • 1922 – Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician, Premier of New South Wales (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese politician
  • 1925 – Ruth Slenczynska, U.S. pianist
  • 1926 – Florence Buchsbaum, theater director (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Maria Schell, Swiss actress (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Phyllis Coates, American actress
  • 1929 – Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1968)
  • 1930 – Eddie Graham, American professional wrestler (d. 1985)
  • 1933 – Ernest J. Gaines, American author
  • 1937 – Margaret O’Brien, American actress
  • 1938 – Chuni Goswami, Indian footballer and cricketer
  • 1939 – Tony Bullimore, English sailor, adventurer
  • 1941 – Captain Beefheart, American musician and visual artist
  • 1941 – Charo, Spanish-born singer
  • 1943 – Mike Marshall, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Vince Foster, American lawyer (d. 1993)
  • 1945 – William R. Higgins, USMC colonel (d. 1990)
  • 1945 – Princess Michael of Kent, British royal
  • 1947 – Andrea Martin, Canadian actress
  • 1948 – Ronnie Van Zant, American singer (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977)
  • 1949 – Luis Alvarado, Puerto Rican baseball player (d. 1987)
  • 1949 – Panos Mihalopoulos, Greek actor
  • 1950 – Marius Trésor, French footballer
  • 1953 – Kent Hovind, American evangelist and Young Earth creationist
  • 1953 – Ta-Tanisha, American actress
  • 1953 – Randy White, American football player
  • 1954 – Nikos Sarganis, Greek footballer
  • 1955 – Nigel Benson, English author
  • 1956 – Mayawati, Indian politician
  • 1957 – Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur
  • 1957 – Marty Lyons, American football player
  • 1957 – Mario Van Peebles, American actor
  • 1958 – Boris Tadic, President of Serbia
  • 1959 – Pete Trewavas, English bass guitarist (Marillion)
  • 1960 – Kelly Asbury, American director and actor
  • 1960 – Aaron Jay Kernis, American composer
  • 1961 – Yves P. Pelletier, Canadian comedian (Rock et Belles Oreilles), actor and film director
  • 1962 – Creflo Dollar, American televangelist
  • 1962 – Conrad Lant (aka Cronos), English musician
  • 1964 – Osmo Tapio Räihälä, Finnish composer
  • 1965 – Maurizio Fondriest, Italian cyclist
  • 1965 – Bernard Hopkins, American boxer
  • 1965 – Adam Jones, American musician (Tool)
  • 1965 – James Nesbitt, Northern Irish actor
  • 1968 – Chad Lowe, American actor
  • 1968 – Iñaki Urdangarín, Spanish royalty
  • 1969 – Delino DeShields, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Shane McMahon, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Max Beesley, English musician and actor
  • 1971 – Teanna Kai, American porn star
  • 1971 – Regina King, American actress
  • 1972 – Kobe Tai, American porn star
  • 1972 – Claudia Winkleman, English television presenter
  • 1973 – Essam El-Hadary, Egyptian footballer
  • 1974 – Ray King, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Edith Bowman, Scottish television and radio presenter
  • 1975 – Mary Pierce, French tennis player
  • 1976 – Corey Chavous, American football player
  • 1976 – Dorian Missick, American actor
  • 1978 – Eddie Cahill, American actor
  • 1978 – Franco Pellizotti, Italian cyclist
  • 1979 – Drew Brees, American football player
  • 1979 – Young Dro, American rapper
  • 1979 – Ken Chu, Taiwanese singer-actor and taichi champ
  • 1979 – Martin Petrov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1980 – Matt Holliday, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Howie Day, American singer
  • 1981 – El Hadji Diouf, Senegalese footballer
  • 1981 – Sean Lamont, Scottish rugby union footballer
  • 1982 – Benjamin Agosto, American skater
  • 1982 – Armando Galarraga, Major League Baseball player
  • 1982 – Philip and Alexander, American-born princes of the Yugoslav Royal Family
  • 1983 – Jermaine Pennant, English footballer
  • 1983 – Hugo Viana, Portuguese footballer
  • 1984 – Megan Jendrick, American swimmer
  • 1984 – Megan Quann, American swimmer
  • 1984 – Victor Rasuk, American actor
  • 1985 – Kenneth Emil Petersen, Danish footballer
  • 1986 – Fred Davis, American football player
  • 1987 – Kelly Kelly, American WWE Diva
  • 1987 – David Knight, English footballer
  • 1987 – Michael Seater, Canadian actor
  • 1990 – Chris Warren Jr., American actor

January 15 – Deaths:

  • 69 – Galba, Roman Emperor (b. 3 BC)
  • 570 – Saint Ita, Irish nun (b. 475)
  • 936 – King Rudolph of France
  • 1345 – Martin Zaccaria, Italo-Greek ruler
  • 1595 – Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1546)
  • 1623 – Fra Paolo Sarpi, Italian patriot, scholar, scientist and church reformer (b. 1552)
  • 1672 – John Cosin, English clergyman (b. 1594)
  • 1683 – Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (b. 1609)
  • 1775 – Giovanni Battista Sammartini, Italian composer (b. 1700 or 1701)
  • 1781 – Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (b. 1718)
  • 1790 – John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)
  • 1804 – Dru Drury, English entomologist (b. 1725)
  • 1815 – Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Lord Nelson (b. 1761
  • 1864 – Isaac Nathan, UK-Australian composer (b. 1792)
  • 1876 – Eliza Johnson, U.S. First Lady (b. 1810)
  • 1885 – Leopold Damrosch, German-American orchestral conductor (b. 1832)
  • 1893 – Fanny Kemble, British actress and author (b. 1809)
  • 1896 – Mathew Brady, U.S. photographer (b. 1822)
  • 1909 – Arnold Janssen missionary (b. 1837)
  • 1916 – Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • 1919 – Rosa Luxemburg, German politician (b. 1870)
  • 1919 – Karl Liebknecht, German politician (b. 1871)
  • 1926 – Enrico Toselli, Italian composer (b. 1883)
  • 1936 – Henry Forster, 1st Baron Forster, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1866)
  • 1945 – Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (b. 1865)
  • 1947 – Elizabeth Short, the Black Dahlia (b. 1924)
  • 1950 – Gen Henry “Hap” Arnold, U.S. General of the Air Force (b. 1886)
  • 1952 – Ned Hanlon, Premier of Queensland (b. 1887)
  • 1955 – Yves Tanguy, French painter (b. 1900)
  • 1964 – Jack Teagarden, American musician (b. 1905)
  • 1967 – David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (b. 1882)
  • 1968 – Bill Masterton, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
  • 1970 – William T. Piper, American aircraft designer (b. 1881)
  • 1972 – Daisy Ashford, English child writer (The Young Visiters) (b. 1881)
  • 1973 – Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – Coleman Francis, American film director (b. 1919)
  • 1983 – Meyer Lansky, Russian-born gangster (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Shepperd Strudwick, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Ray Bolger, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – Seán MacBride, Irish statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Dame Peggy van Praagh, British ballet dancer, choreographer, director (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Gordon Jackson, Scottish actor (b. 1923)
  • 1992 – Dee Murray, English bassist (b. 1946)
  • 1993 – Sammy Cahn, American songwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Georges Cziffra, Hungarian-French pianist (b. 1921
  • 1994 – Harry Nilsson, American musician (b. 1941)
  • 1995 – Vera Maxwell, American fashion designer (b. 1901)
  • 1996 – Minnesota Fats, American billiards player (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – Les Baxter, American musician and composer (b. 1922)
  • 1996 – Paramount Chief Moshoeshoe II of Lesotho (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Junior Wells, American musician (b. 1934)
  • 1999 – Betty Box, British film producer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Georges-Henri Lévesque, Canadian Dominican priest and sociologist (b. 1903)
  • 2000 – Fran Ryan, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Željko Ražnatovic, aka Arkan, Serbian paramilitary leader (b. 1952)
  • 2001 – Ted Mann, American screenwriter (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Steve Gromek, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Doris Fisher, American singer and songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Elizabeth Janeway, American author (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Ruth Warrick, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Walter Ernsting, German author (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Victoria de los Angeles, Catalan soprano (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Deem Bristow, American video game voice actor (b. 1947)
  • 2005 – Dan Lee, Canadian animator (b. 1969)
  • 2006 – Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Bo Yibo, Chinese politician (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – James Hillier, Canadian inventor of electron microscope (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Iraqi Revolutionary Court (b. 1945) (executed)
  • 2007 – Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, former Iraqi intelligence chief and half-brother of Saddam Hussein (b. 1951) (executed)
  • 2007 – David Vanole, American soccer player (b. 1963)
  • 2008 – Mark Haigh-Hutchinson, Game Designer (b. 1964)
  • 2008 – Brad Renfro, American actor (b. 1982)

January 15 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – Second day of the Carmentalia in honor of Carmenta.
  • Malawi – John Chilembwe Day.
  • North Korea – Korean Alphabet Day.
  • Kerala in India – Makaravilakku or Makara Sankranthy at Sabarimala.
  • Jallikattu in South India.
  • St. Abeluzius in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

 

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On This Day in History January 14

January 14 – Events:

  • 1129 – Formal approval of the Order of the Templar at the Council of Troyes.
  • 1301 – Andrew III of Hungary dies, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.
  • 1501 – Martin Luther, age 17, enters the University of Erfurt.
  • 1514 – Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.
  • 1539 – Spain annexes Cuba.
  • 1639 – The “Fundamental Orders,” the first written constitution that created a government, is adopted in Connecticut.
  • 1690 – Clarinet is invented, in Nuremberg, Germany.
  • 1699 – Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting “witches.”
  • 1724 – King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne.
  • 1761 – The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas. The Afghan victory changed the course of Indian History.
  • 1784 – American Revolutionary War: The United States ratifies a peace treaty with England.
  • 1814 – Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania.
  • 1822 – Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti.
  • 1858 – Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt.
  • 1907 – An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.
  • 1913 – First Balkan War: The Greek army defeats the Turks at Bizani.
  • 1914 – Henry Ford introduces assembly line for cars.
  • 1918 – Finland & USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar.
  • 1932 – First totalisator (i.e., “tote board,” to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah.
  • 1938 – Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.
  • 1943 – World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war.
  • 1943 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel via airplane while in office.  He travelled from Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill to discuss World War II.
  • 1946 – Two jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed.
  • 1950 – US recalls all consular officials from China.
  • 1951 – First NFL pro bowl since 1942, Americans beat Nationals 28-27.
  • 1952 – “Today Show,” premiers with Dave Garroway & Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV.
  • 1950 – The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight.
  • 1953 – President Josip Broz Tito is elected president of Yugoslavia.
  • 1954 – The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
  • 1954 – Marilyn Monroe marries baseball star Joe DiMaggio.
  • 1956 – Little Richard releases “Tutti Frutti.”
  • 1961 – Chicago Bear Willard Dewveall becomes first NFLer to join the AFL.
  • 1964 – Jacqueline Kennedy’s first public appearance (TV) since assassination.
  • 1966 – David Bowie releases his first record (Can’t Help Thinking About Me)
  • 1967 – Counterculture of the 1960s: The Human Be-In, takes place in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park, launching the Summer of Love. Between 20,000 to 30,000 people attend.
  • 1968 – Super Bowl II-Green Bay Packers-33, Oakland Raiders-14.
  • 1969 – An explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 people.
  • 1972 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascends the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.
  • 1972 – “Sanford & Son” starring Redd Foxx premiers on NBC TV.
  • 1973 – Super Bowl VII-Miami Dolphins-14, Washington Redskins-7.
  • 1974 World Football League founded.
  • 1975 – Teenage heiress Lesley Whittle is kidnapped by Donald Neilson, aka “the Black Panther.”
  • 1976 – “The Bionic Woman” with Lindsay Wagner debuts on ABC.
  • 1994 – President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin sign the Kremlin accords.
  • 1998 – An Afghan cargo plane crashes into a mountain in southwest Pakistan killing more than 50 people.
  • 2000 – A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.
  • 2000 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches a record high of 11,722.98.
  • 2004 – The national flag of Georgia, the so-called “five cross flag,” was restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.
  • 2005 – Landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn’s moon Titan.

January 14 – Birthdays:

  • 83 BC – Marcus Antonius, Roman politician (d. 30 BC)
  • 1131 – King Valdemar I of Denmark (d. 1182)
  • 1451 – Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian music theorist (d. 1522)
  • 1477 – Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (d. 1552)
  • 1507 – Catherine of Habsburg, Infanta of Spain and queen of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • 1551 – Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (d. 1608)
  • 1615 – John Biddle, English theologian (d. 1662)
  • 1684 – Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (d. 1742)
  • 1684 – Jean-Baptiste van Loo, French painter (d. 1745)
  • 1702 – Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (d. 1737)
  • 1705 – Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, French governor (d. 1786)
  • 1767 – Maria Theresia of Tuscany, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1827)
  • 1780 – Henry Baldwin, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1844)
  • 1792 – Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (d. 1865)
  • 1793 – John C. Clark, American politician (d. 1852)
  • 1798 – Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, Dutch politician (d. 1872)
  • 1800 – Ludwig Alois Ferdinand Köchel, Austrian musicologist (d. 1877)
  • 1806 – Sir Charles Hotham, Governor of Victoria (d. 1855)
  • 1806 – Matthew Fontaine Maury American oceanographer (d. 1873)
  • 1818 – Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (d. 1898)
  • 1824 – Vladimir Stasov, Russian art and music critic (d. 1906)
  • 1836 – Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (d. 1904)
  • 1841 – Berthe Morisot, French painter (d. 1895)
  • 1845 – 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, Governor-General of Canada, Viceroy of India (d. 1927)
  • 1850 – Pierre Loti, French writer (d. 1923)
  • 1850 – Jean de Reszke, Polish operatic tenor (d. 1925)
  • 1856 – J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist and publisher (d. 1919)
  • 1861 – Mehmed VI, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1926)
  • 1863 – Manuel Gomes da Costa, 96 Prime Minister of Portugal and 10 President of Portugal (d. 1929)
  • 1870 – Sir George Pearce, Australian politician (d. 1952)
  • 1875 – Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1882 – Hendrik Willem van Loon, Dutch-American historian and journalist (d. 1944)
  • 1883 – Nina Ricci, Italian-born French fashion designer (d. 1970)
  • 1886 – Hugh Lofting, English author (d. 1947)
  • 1892 – Martin Niemöller, German theologian (d. 1984)
  • 1892 – Hal Roach, American film producer (d. 1992)
  • 1896 – John Dos Passos, American author (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Hasso von Manteuffel, German army general and politician (d. 1978)
  • 1899 – Carlos Romulo, Filipino diplomat, politician, soldier, journalist and author (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – Bebe Daniels, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 1904 – Sir Cecil Beaton, English photographer (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – Emily Hahn, American writer (d. 1997)
  • 1904 – Babe Siebert, National Hockey League player (d. 1939)
  • 1905 – Takeo Fukuda, 67th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1995)
  • 1906 – William Bendix, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1907 – Georges-Émile Lapalme, Quebec politician (d. 1985)
  • 1908 – Russ Columbo, American singer (d. 1934)
  • 1909 – Joseph Losey, American theatre and film director (d. 1984)
  • 1911 – Anatoly Rybakov, Russian writer (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Harold Russell, Canadian-born actor (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Mark Goodson, American game show producer (d. 1992)
  • 1917 – Billy Butterfield, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1988)
  • 1919 – Giulio Andreotti, Italian politician
  • 1919 – Andy Rooney, American journalist
  • 1921 – Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (d. 2006)
  • 1924 – Guy Williams, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Yukio Mishima, Japanese writer (d. 1970)
  • 1925 – Louis Quilico, Canadian baritone (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Frank Aletter, American actor
  • 1926 – Warren Mitchell, English actor
  • 1926 – Tom Tryon, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1927 – Zuzana Ruzickova, Czech harpsichordist
  • 1928 – Gerald Arpino, American dancer, choreographer, co-founder of The Joffrey Ballet.
  • 1928 – Lars Forssell, Swedish writer, member of the Swedish Academy (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Frank Costigan, Australian lawyer
  • 1931 – Caterina Valente, French-born singer
  • 1932 – Don Garlits, American race car driver
  • 1933 – Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Alberto Rodriguez Larreta, Argentine racing driver (d. 1977)
  • 1934 – Richard Briers, English actor
  • 1935 – Lucille Wheeler, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1937 – Ken Higgs, English cricketer
  • 1937 – Erland Kops, Danish badminton player
  • 1938 – Morihiro Hosokawa, 79th Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1938 – Jack Jones, American singer
  • 1938 – Allen Toussaint, American singer
  • 1940 – Julian Bond, American civil rights activist
  • 1940 – Sir Trevor Nunn, English theatre director and film director
  • 1941 – Faye Dunaway, American actress
  • 1941 – Milan Kucan, Slovenian statesman
  • 1942 – Ian Brayshaw, Australian cricketer and Australian Rules footballer
  • 1942 – Dave Campbell, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Mariss Jansons, Latvian conductor
  • 1943 – Shannon Lucid, American astronaut
  • 1943 – José Luis Rodríguez, Venezuelan singer
  • 1944 – Marjoe Gortner, American evangelist
  • 1944 – Graham Marsh, Australian golfer
  • 1944 – Nina Totenberg, American journalist
  • 1945 – Maina Gielgud, British ballet dancer and administrator
  • 1946 – Harold Shipman, British serial killer (d. 2004)
  • 1947 – Bill Werbeniuk, Canadian snooker player (d. 2003)
  • 1948 – T-Bone Burnett, American producer
  • 1948 – Valery Kharlamov, Soviet Union ice hockey player (d. 1981)
  • 1948 – Carl Weathers, American actor
  • 1949 – Paul Chubb, Australian actor (d. 2002)
  • 1949 – Lawrence Kasdan, American director
  • 1949 – Mary Robison, American writer
  • 1950 – Marco Antônio da Silva Ramos, Brazilian composer
  • 1952 – Sydney Biddle Barrows, American author
  • 1952 – Maureen Dowd, American writer
  • 1952 – Calin Popescu-Tariceanu, Prime Minister of Romania
  • 1954 – Jim Duggan, American wrestler
  • 1956 – Étienne Daho, French singer and songwriter
  • 1956 – Ben Heppner, Canadian singer
  • 1957 – Suzanne Danielle, English actress
  • 1957 – Anchee Min, Chinese writer
  • 1959 – Geoff Tate, American musician (Queensrÿche)
  • 1962 – Michael McCaul, American politician
  • 1963 – Steven Soderbergh, American director
  • 1964 – Mark Addy, British actor
  • 1964 – Ernest Miller, American wrestler
  • 1964 – Shepard Smith, American news anchor
  • 1965 – Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel (d. 2006)
  • 1965 – Marc Delissen, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1965 – Bob Essensa, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, British chef
  • 1965 – Ellis Paul, American singer-songwriter and folk musician
  • 1967 – Kerri Green, American actress
  • 1967 – Emily Watson, English actress
  • 1967 – Saskia Wickham, British actress
  • 1967 – Zakk Wylde, American musician (Black Label Society)
  • 1968 – LL Cool J, American rapper and actor
  • 1968 – Ruel Fox, English footballer
  • 1969 – Jason Bateman, American actor
  • 1969 – David Grohl, American drummer and composer (Nirvana, Foo Fighters)
  • 1970 – Gene Snitsky, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Lasse Kjus, Norwegian skier
  • 1972 – Kyle Brady, American football player
  • 1972 – Predrag Gosta, Yugoslav-born conductor
  • 1972 – Raimondas Rumšas, Lithuanian cyclist
  • 1973 – Giancarlo Fisichella, Italian race car driver
  • 1974 – Kevin Durand, Canadian actor
  • 1977 – Darren Purse, English footballer
  • 1978 – Just Blaze, African American hip hop producer
  • 1978 – Shawn Crawford, American sprinter
  • 1979 – Karen Elson, British supermodel
  • 1979 – Angela Lindvall, American supermodel
  • 1979 – John Reuben, American hip hop artist
  • 1980 – Clive Clarke, Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Cory Gibbs, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Byron Leftwich, American football player
  • 1980 – Sosuke Sumitani, Japanese announcer
  • 1980 – Hiroshi Tamaki, Japanese actor and model
  • 1981 – Abdelmalek Cherrad, Algerian football
  • 1981 – Rosa López, Spanish singer
  • 1981 – Pitbull, Cuban-American rapper
  • 1982 – Caleb Followill, American musician (Kings of Leon)
  • 1982 – Léo Lima, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Víctor Valdés, Spanish goalkeeper
  • 1984 – Mike Pelfrey, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Gary Brolsma, American internet celebrity
  • 1986 – Cristina Aicardi, Peruvian badminton player
  • 1988 – Mikalah Gordon, American singer
  • 1988 – Jack P. Shepherd, English actor
  • 1994 – Samir Patel, American spelling prodigy

January 14 – Deaths:

  • 1163 – Ladislaus II of Hungary (b. 1131)
  • 1235 – Saint Sava, Serbian saint (b. 1175)
  • 1301 – King Andrew III of Hungary (b. 1265)
  • 1331 – Odoric, Italian explorer (b. 1286)
  • 1640 – Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, English lawyer and judge (b. 1578)
  • 1676 – Francesco Cavalli, Italian composer (b. 1602)
  • 1679 – Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • 1701 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (b. 1628)
  • 1742 – Edmond Halley, English scientist (b. 1656)
  • 1753 – George Berkeley, Irish theologian (b. 1685)
  • 1786 – Michael Arne, English composer (b. 1740 or 1741)
  • 1786 – Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1713)
  • 1788 – François Joseph Paul, marquis de Grasetilly, comte de Grasse, French admiral (b. 1722)
  • 1819 – Peter Pindar, English satirist (b. 1738)
  • 1825 – George Dance the Younger, English architect (b. 1741)
  • 1833 – Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox saint (b. 1759)
  • 1867 – Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, French painter (b. 1780)
  • 1888 – Stephen Heller, Hungarian composer (b. 1813)
  • 1889 – Ema Puksec, Croatian singer (b. 1834)
  • 1892 – Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, British prince (b. 1864)
  • 1898 – Lewis Carroll, English writer and mathematician (b. 1832)
  • 1901 – Bishop Mandell Creighton, English historian and ecclesiastic (b. 1843)
  • 1901 – Charles Hermite, French mathematician (b. 1822)
  • 1905 – Ernst Abbe, German physicist (b. 1840)
  • 1907 – Sir James Fergusson, British politician, and governor of South Australia, New Zealand and Bombay (b. 1832)
  • 1908 – Holger Drachmann, Danish poet and dramatist (b. 1846)
  • 1915 – Richard Meux Benson, founder of Anglican religious order (b. 1824)
  • 1920 – John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (b. 1864)
  • 1923 – Zübeyde Hanim, Mother of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (b. 1857)
  • 1937 – Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (b. 1889)
  • 1942 – Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian writer (b. 1883)
  • 1949 – Joaquín Turina, Spanish composer (b. 1882)
  • 1952 – Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (b. 1878)
  • 1957 – Humphrey Bogart, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1961 – Barry Fitzgerald, Irish actor (b. 1888)
  • 1965 – Jeanette MacDonald, American actress and singer (b. 1903)
  • 1966 – Bill Carr, American athlete (b. 1909)
  • 1966 – Sergei Korolev, Russian rocket scientist (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Dorothea Mackellar, Australian poet (My Country) (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1972 – King Frederick IX of Denmark (b. 1899)
  • 1976 – Tun Abdul Razak, 2nd Prime Minister of Malaysia (b. 1922)
  • 1977 – Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1897)
  • 1977 – Peter Finch, English-born actor (b. 1916)
  • 1977 – Anaïs Nin, French author (b. 1903)
  • 1978 – Harold Abrahams, British athlete (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1978 – Robert Heger, German conductor and composer (b. 1886)
  • 1978 – Blossom Rock, American actress (b. 1895)
  • 1979 – Thomas DeSimone, gangster associate of the Lucchese crime family (b. 1950)
  • 1980 – Robert Ardrey, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1981 – John O’Grady, Australian writer (Nino Culotta) (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – Ray Kroc, American fast food entrepreneur (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Daniel Balavoine, French singer (b. 1952)
  • 1986 – Donna Reed, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1987 – Douglas Sirk, German-U.S. film director (b. 1900)
  • 1988 – Georgi Malenkov, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Mani Madhava Chakyar, [Koodiyattam]] artist and Sanskrit scholar (b. 1899)
  • 1991 – Gordon Bryant, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Sir Alexander Gibson, Scottish conductor (b. 1926)
  • 1997 – Dollard Ménard, French Canadian general (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Jerzy Grotowski, Polish theatre director (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Burkhard Heim, German physicist (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter (b. 1902)
  • 2004 – Uta Hagen, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Ron O’Neal, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Valfar, Norwegian musician (Windir) (b. 1978)
  • 2005 – Charlotte MacLeod, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Conroy Maddox, English painter (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Rudolph Moshammer, German fashion designer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Jesús-Rafael Soto, Venezuelan kinetic artist (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Henri Colpi, French film editor and director (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Jim Gary, American sculptor (b. 1939)
  • 2006 – Mark Philo, English footballer (b. 1984)
  • 2006 – Shelley Winters, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Darlene Conley, American actress (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Barbara Kelly, Canadian-born actress (b. 1924)

January 14 – Holidays:

  • Pongal in South India. Harvest Festival for Tamil people. Also celebrated as Makar Sankranti by Kannada, Telugu and North Indian People.
  • New Year’s Day in Eastern Orthodoxy, see Julian Calendar.
  • Feast of Divina Pastora, in Barquisimeto, Venezuela.
  • Day of St. Basil the Great in Eastern Orthodoxy, January 1 on the Julian Calendar.
  • Festum Asinorum, medieval burlesque festival celebrating the Flight into Egypt.
  • Barba’shmin
  • Felix of Nola
  • Macrina the Elder
  • Saint Sava

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On This Day in History January 13

January 13 – Events:

  • 532 – Nika riots in Constantinople.
  • 888 – Odo, Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks.
  • 1328 – Edward III of England marries Philippa of Hainault, daughter of the Count of Hainault.
  • 1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey is sentenced to death.
  • 1559 – Elizabeth I crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London.
  • 1605 – The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.
  • 1607 – The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
  • 1610 – Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th moon of Jupiter.
  • 1695 – Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland.
  • 1733 – James Oglethorpe and 130 colonists arrive in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1785 – John Walter publishes the first issue of the Daily Universal Register (later renamed The Times).
  • 1822 – The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
  • 1830 – The Great fire of New Orleans, Louisiana begins.
  • 1832 – President Andrew Jackson writes to Vice President Martin Van Buren expressing his opposition to South Carolina’s defiance of federal authority in the Nullification Crisis.
  • 1840 – The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
  • 1842 – Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1847 – The Treaty of Cahuenga ends the Mexican-American War in California.
  • 1849 – Vancouver Island granted to Hudson’s Bay Co.
  • 1854 – Anthony Foss patents the accordion.
  • 1869 – National convention of black leaders meets in Washington D.C.
  • 1888 – National Geographic Society founded (Washington, DC)
  • 1893 – The Independent Labour Party of the UK has its first meeting.
  • 1893 – U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • 1898 – Emile Zola’s J’accuse exposes the Dreyfus affair.
  • 1908 – Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
  • 1915 – An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800.
  • 1930 – “Mickey Mouse” comic strip first appears
  • 1934 – The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
  • 1935 – A plebiscite in Saarland shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Nazi Germany.
  • 1938 – The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
  • 1939 – The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
  • 1942 – Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.
  • 1942 – The United States begins Japanese American internment.
  • 1942 – World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
  • 1953 – Marshal Josip Broz Tito is chosen as President of Yugoslavia.
  • 1958 – Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
  • 1964 – Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta – now Kolkata – resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
  • 1964 – Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, is appointed archbishop of Krakow, Poland.
  • 1966 – Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African American Cabinet member by being appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
  • 1968 – Minnesota North Stars center Bill Masterton is fatally injured.
  • 1972 – Prime Minister Kofi Busia and President Edward Akufo-Addo of Ghana are ousted in a bloodless military coup by Col. Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong.
  • 1974 – Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece.
  • 1974 – Super Bowl VIII-Miami Dolphins-24, Minnesota Vikings-7.
  • 1979 – YMCA files libel suit against Village People’s YMCA song.
  • 1982 – Hank Aaron & Frank Robinson elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1982 – Shortly after takeoff, Air Florida Flight 90 737 jet crashes into Washington, DC’s 14th Street Bridge and falls into the Potomac River, killing 78 including four motorists.  Coincidentally, a Washington DC Metro Rail train is derailed, killing 3 people.
  • 1986 – A month-long violent struggle begins in Aden, South Yemen between supporters of Ali Nasir Muhammad and Abdul Fattah Ismail, resulting in thousands of casualties.
  • 1989 – Soap opera “Ryan’s Hope” final episode.
  • 1989 – Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz begins 1-year jail sentence.
  • 1990 – L. Douglas Wilder becomes the first elected African American governor as he takes office in Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1991 – Soviet Union military troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius.
  • 1992 – Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.
  • 2001 – An earthquake hits El Salvador, killing more than 800.
  • 2007 – Two thirds of the Venus’s southern hemisphere suddenly brightened as something triggered aerosols to form at a furious rate.

January 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1334 – King Henry II of Castile (d. 1379)
  • 1505 – Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1571)
  • 1562 – Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)
  • 1596 – Jan van Goyen, Dutch painter (d. 1656)
  • 1610 – Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)
  • 1616 – Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (d. 1680)
  • 1635 – Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (d. 1705)
  • 1651 – Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (d. 1694)
  • 1683 – Christoph Graupner, German composer (d. 1760)
  • 1720 – Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)
  • 1749 – Friedrich Müller, painter and dramatist (d. 1825)
  • 1777 – Elisa Bonaparte, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, sister of Napoleon Bonaparte (d. 1820)
  • 1787 – John Davis, 14th and 17th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1854)
  • 1804 – Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
  • 1805 – Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
  • 1808 – Salmon P. Chase, 6th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1873)
  • 1812 – Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
  • 1832 – Horatio Alger, Jr., American minister and author (d. 1899)
  • 1845 – Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • 1858 – Oskar Minkowski, Biologist (d.1931)
  • 1859 – Kostis Palamas, Greek poet (d. 1943)
  • 1861 – Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • 1864 – Wilhelm Wien, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
  • 1865 – Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
  • 1866 – Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer (d. 1901)
  • 1869 – Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (d. 1931)
  • 1870 – Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist (d.1959)
  • 1878 – Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
  • 1881 – Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (d. 1961)
  • 1884 – Sophie Tucker, Russian-born singer and performer (d. 1966)
  • 1885 – Alfred Fuller, Canadian businessman, The “Fuller Brush Man” (d. 1973)
  • 1886 – Art Ross, Canadian ice hockey player and executive (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
  • 1893 – Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1893 – Clark Ashton Smith, American writer (d. 1961)
  • 1898 – Kai Munk, Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, martyr (d. 1944)
  • 1898 – Carlo Tagliabue, Italian baritone (d. 1978)
  • 1899 – Kay Francis, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1901 – A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Mieczyslaw Zywczynski, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
  • 1904 – Richard Addinsell, British composer (Warsaw Concerto) (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist (d. 1934)
  • 1910 – Yannis Tsarouchis, Greek painter (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Joh Bjelke-Petersen, Premier of Queensland (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Jeff Morrow, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Lord Ted Willis, British television dramatist (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Robert Stack, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Dachine Rainer, British writer (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Albert Lamorisse, French film director and producer (d. 1970)
  • 1923 – Daniil Shafran, Russian cellist (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Roland Petit, French choreographer
  • 1925 – Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Michael Bond, British writer
  • 1926 – Carolyn Gold Heilbrun, American feminist author (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Sydney Brenner, British Nobel Laureate
  • 1929 – Joe Pass, U.S. jazz guitarist (d. 1994)
  • 1930 – Liz Anderson, American singer
  • 1930 – Frances Sternhagen, American actress
  • 1931 – Ian Hendry, English actor (d. 1984)
  • 1931 – Charles Nelson Reilly, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Rip Taylor, American actor
  • 1935 – Mauro Forghieri, Italian automotive & mechanical engineer (Scuderia Ferrari)
  • 1935 – Elsa Martinelli, Italian actress
  • 1936 – Renato Bruson, Italian operatic baritone
  • 1938 – William B. Davis, Canadian actor
  • 1938 – Tord Grip, Swedish football manager
  • 1939 – Jacek Gmoch, Polish footballer
  • 1939 – Cesare Maniago, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1940 – Edmund White, American author
  • 1941 – Pasqual Maragall, Spanish politician
  • 1943 – Carol Cleveland, English actress
  • 1943 – Richard Moll, American actor
  • 1946 – Eero Koivistoinen, Finnish musician
  • 1947 – Jacek Majchrowski, Mayor of Kraków
  • 1947 – Carles Rexach, former Spanish-Catalan footballer and coach
  • 1948 – Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • 1949 – Brandon Tartikoff, American television executive (d. 1997)
  • 1949 – Rakesh Sharma, first Indian and 138th man to visit space
  • 1950 – Bob Forsch, American baseball player
  • 1950 – John McNaughton, American film director
  • 1954 – Trevor Rabin, South African guitarist (Yes)
  • 1955 – Paul Kelly, Australian singer
  • 1955 – Jay McInerney, American writer
  • 1957 – Lorrie Moore, American writer
  • 1957 – Mark O’Meara, Major winning American Golfer
  • 1959 – James Lomenzo, American musician (Megadeth)
  • 1960 – Takis Lemonis, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1961 – Wayne Coyne, American singer (The Flaming Lips)
  • 1961 – Julia Louis-Dreyfus, American actress
  • 1961 – Graham McPherson, English singer
  • 1962 – Trace Adkins, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1962 – Kevin Mitchell American baseball player
  • 1963 – Kevin McClatchy, American businessman
  • 1964 – Penelope Ann Miller, American actress
  • 1964 – Ronan Rafferty, Northern Irish golfer
  • 1966 – Patrick Dempsey, American actor
  • 1967 – Annie Jones, Australian actress
  • 1967 – George Paterson, Scottish singer/songwriter DMP
  • 1968 – Traci Bingham, American actress
  • 1968 – Mike Whitlow, English footballer
  • 1968 – Chara, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1969 – Stefania Belmondo, Italian cross-country skier
  • 1969 – Stephen Hendry, Scottish snooker player
  • 1970 – Keith Coogan, American actor
  • 1970 – Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – John Mallory Asher, American film actor/director
  • 1972 – Mark Bosnich, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – Nicole Eggert, American actress
  • 1972 – Atoosa Rubenstein, Iranian-born American magazine editor
  • 1972 – Vitaly Scherbo, Belarusian gymnast
  • 1973 – Nikolai Khabibulin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Sergei Brylin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Michael Peña, American actor
  • 1976 – Tania Vicent, Canadian short track speed skater
  • 1977 – Orlando Bloom, English actor
  • 1977 – James Posey, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Jill Wagner, American Actor
  • 1980 – Krzysztof Czerwinski, Polish conductor and organist
  • 1980 – Nils-Eric Johansson, Swedish footballer
  • 1980 – Akira Kaji, Japanese footballer
  • 1980 – Michael Rupp, American ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Reggie Brown, American football player
  • 1981 – Shad Gaspard, American professional wrestler, bodyguard, and actor
  • 1981 – Jason James, Welsh musician (Bullet for My Valentine)
  • 1981 – Darrell Rasner, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Guillermo Coria, Argentine tennis player
  • 1983 – Julian Morris, English actor
  • 1983 – William Hung, American Idol contestant
  • 1983 – Ronny Turiaf, French basketball player
  • 1986 – Joannie Rochette, Canadian figure skater
  • 1989 – Triinu Kivilaan, Estonian singer
  • 1997 – Marius Borg Høiby, son of Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway

January 13 – Deaths:

  • 86 BC – Gaius Marius, Roman general and politician (b. 157 BC)
  • 703 – Empress Jito of Japan (b. 645)
  • 858 – King Ethelwulf of Wessex (b. 795)
  • 888 – Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 839)
  • 1138 – Simon I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1076)
  • 1151 – Abbot Suger, French statesman and historian (b. 1081)
  • 1177 – Henry II of Austria (b. 1107)
  • 1330 – Frederick I of Austria (b. 1286)
  • 1363 – Meinhard III of Gorizia-Tyrol (b. 1344)
  • 1599 – Edmund Spenser, English poet (b. 1552)
  • 1625 – Jan Brueghel the Elder, Flemish painter (b. 1568)
  • 1630 – Yuan Chonghuan, Chinese military commander (b. 1584)
  • 1658 – Edward Sexby, English Puritan soldier (b. 1616)
  • 1691 – George Fox, English founder of the Quakers (b. 1624)
  • 1766 – King Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1723)
  • 1775 – Johann Georg Walch, German theologian (b. 1693)
  • 1790 – Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (b. 1712)
  • 1796 – John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
  • 1797 – Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, wife of Frederick II of Prussia (b. 1715)
  • 1832 – Thomas Lord, English cricketer, founder of Lord’s cricket ground (b. 1755)
  • 1838 – Ferdinand Ries, German composer (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest, humanist and revolutionary (b. 1783)
  • 1860 – William Mason, American politician (b. 1786)
  • 1864 – Stephen Foster, American composer (b. 1826)
  • 1882 – Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)
  • 1885 – Schuyler Colfax,American politician (b.1823)
  • 1889 – Solomon Bundy, American politician (b. 1823)
  • 1894 – Nadezhda von Meck, Russian patroness of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (b. 1831)
  • 1905 – George Thorn, Premier of Queensland (b. 1838)
  • 1906 – Alexander Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • 1915 – Mary Slessor, Scottish missionary (b. 1848)
  • 1923 – Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (b. 1842)
  • 1924 – Georg Hermann Quincke, German phsycist (b. 1834)
  • 1929 – Wyatt Earp, American Western lawman (b. 1848)
  • 1929 – H. B. Higgins, Australian politician and judge (b. 1851)
  • 1932 – Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (b. 1870)
  • 1934 – Paul Ulrich Villard, French physicist (b. 1860)
  • 1941 – James Joyce, Irish writer (b. 1882)
  • 1943 – Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss artist (b. 1889)
  • 1958 – Jesse L. Lasky, U.S. film producer (b. 1880)
  • 1962 – Ernie Kovacs, American actor and comedian (b. 1919)
  • 1967 – Anatole de Grunwald, British film producer and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1971 – Robert Still, English composer (b. 1910)
  • 1974 – Raoul Jobin, Canadian tenor (b. 1906)
  • 1974 – Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet (b. 1904)
  • 1976 – Margaret Leighton, English actress (b. 1922)
  • 1978 – Hubert H. Humphrey, 38th Vice President of the United States (b. 1911)
  • 1978 – Joe McCarthy, American baseball manager (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Donny Hathaway, American musician (b. 1945)
  • 1979 – Marjorie Lawrence, Australian soprano (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Andre Kostelanetz, Russian-born popular music conductor and arranger (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Marcel Camus, French film director (b. 1912)
  • 1988 – Chiang Ching-kuo, President of the Republic of China (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Max Harris, Australian poet, critic, columnist, commentator, publisher and bookseller (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Michael Cuccione, Canadian actor and singer (b. 1985)
  • 2002 – Ted Demme, American film director (b. 1963)
  • 2002 – Gregorio Fuentes, Cuban fisherman, reputed model for Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea (b. 1897)
  • 2002 – Frank Shuster, Canadian comedian (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Norman Panama, American screenwriter and director (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountain climber (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Harold Shipman, British serial killer (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Earl Cameron, Canadian broadcaster (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Nell Rankin, American mezzo-soprano (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Frank Fixaris, American sportscaster (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Marc Potvin, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Michael Brecker, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Danny Oakes, racecar driver (b. 1911)
  • 2008 – Sergei Larin, Lithuanian tenor (b. 1956)
  • 2008 – Johnny Podres, American baseball player (b. 1932)

January 13 – Holidays:

  • In Sweden, Christmas ends on the 20th day, St. Knut’s Day or Tjugondag Knut. Children celebrate a party throwing out the Christmas tree (julgransplundring).
  • In Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, in various Russophone communities, and in the Republic of Macedonia the Old New Year is celebrated (the New Year by the Old Style calendar) on the night of January 13/14.

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On This Day in History January 12

January 12 – Events:

  • 475 – Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople.
  • 1528 – Gustav I of Sweden crowned king of Sweden.
  • 1592 – Titus Andronicus is first staged at the Rose Theatre.
  • 1773 – The first public Colonial American museum opens in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1777 – Mission Santa Clara de Asís is founded in what is now Santa Clara, California.
  • 1808 – The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • 1848 – The Palermo rising in Sicily rises against the Bourbon kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
  • 1866 – The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  • 1872 – Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • 1875 – Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
  • 1895 – The National Trust is founded in Britain.
  • 1896 – First x-ray photo in US, Dr. Henry Smith, Davidson, NC.
  • 1898 – Ito Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 1906 – Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman’s cabinet (which included amongst its members H.H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election.
  • 1908 – A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • 1915 – The Rocky Mountain National Park is formed by an act of U.S. Congress.
  • 1915 – The United States House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women the right to vote.
  • 1918 – Finland’s “Mosaic Confessors” law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • 1921 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis becomes first commissioner of baseball.
  • 1924 – History of Science Society organized at Boston.
  • 1929 – Seatrain (RR cars on ships) service begins, New Orleans-Havana
  • 1932 – Hattie W. Caraway becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate.
  • 1940 – World War II: Soviets bombs cities in Finland.
  • 1942 – President Franklin Roosevelt creates the National War Labor Board.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe.  
  • 1945 – US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Japanese ships in Battle of South China Sea.
  • 1946 – NFL champs Cleveland Rams given permission to move to LA.
  • 1948 – Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast.
  • 1949 – “Arthur Godfrey & His Friends” premiers on CBS TV.
  • 1951 – Ezzard Charles KOs Lee Oma to retain heavyweight boxing crown.
  • 1952 – University of Tennessee admits it’s first black student.
  • 1954 – Austria’s worst avalanche-kills 200; 9 hours later second one kills 115. 
  • 1958 – NCAA adds 2 point conversion to football scoring
  • 1964 – Rebels in Zanzibar begin a revolt known as the Zanzibar Revolution and proclaim a republic.
  • 1966 – Lyndon B. Johnson states that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there is ended.
  • 1966 – “Batman” with Adam West & Burt Ward premiers on ABC TV.
  • 1967 – Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.
  • 1969 – AFL/AFC wins its first Super Bowl (NY Jets 16, Baltimore Colts 7).
  • 1970 – Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war.
  • 1971 – The Harrisburg Six: The Reverend Philip Berrigan and five others are indicted on charges of conspiring to kidnap Henry Kissinger and of plotting to blow up the heating tunnels of federal buildings in Washington, D.C.
  • 1976 – The UN Security Council votes 11-1 to allow the Palestine Liberation Organization to participate in a Security Council debate (without voting rights).
  • 1981 – “Dynasty” with Joan Collins premiers on ABC-TV.
  • 1988 – Willie Stargell elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • 1990 – Romania bans the Communist party.
  • 1991 – Persian Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait.
  • 1992 – A new constitution, providing for freedom to form political parties, is approved by a referendum in Mali.
  • 1998 – Nineteen European nations agree to forbid human cloning.
  • 2004 – The world’s largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage.
  • 2005 – Deep Impact (space mission) launches from Cape Canaveral on a Delta 2 rocket.
  • 2006 – The foreign ministers of the United Kingdom, France, and Germany declare that negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program have reached a dead end and recommend that Iran be referred to the United Nations Security Council.
  • 2006 – A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims.
  • 2006 – Turkey releases Mehmet Ali Agca from jail after he served 25 years for shooting Pope John Paul II.
  • 2006 – The French warship Clemenceau reaches Egypt and is barred access to the Suez Canal. Greenpeace activists board the ship.
  • 2007 – Comet McNaught reaches perihelion becoming the brightest comet in more than 40 years.

January 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1483 – Henry III of Nassau-Breda, German nobleman (d. 1538)
  • 1562 – Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy (d. 1630)
  • 1576 – Petrus Scriverius, Dutch writer (d. 1660)
  • 1577 – Jan Baptist van Helmont, flemish chemist (d. 1644)
  • 1580 – Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)
  • 1591 – José Ribera, Spanish painter (d. 1652)
  • 1597 – François Duquesnoy, French sculptor (d. 1643)
  • 1628 – Charles Perrault, French folklorist (d. 1703)
  • 1715 – Jacques Duphly, French composer (d. 1789)
  • 1716 – Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general (d. 1795)
  • 1721 – Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, Prussian general (d. 1792)
  • 1723 – Samuel Langdon, American President of Harvard University (d. 1797)
  • 1729 – Edmund Burke, Irish statesman (d. 1797)
  • 1746 – Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss pedagogue (d. 1827)
  • 1751 – Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (d. 1825)
  • 1772 – Count Mikhail Speransky, Russian reformer (d. 1839)
  • 1786 – Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (d. 1855)
  • 1792 – Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (d. 1841)
  • 1797 – Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician (d. 1873)
  • 1810 – King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1859)
  • 1822 – Étienne Lenoir, French Engineer (d. 1900)
  • 1849 – Jean Béraud, French painter (d. 1935)
  • 1852 – Joseph Joffre, French general (d. 1931)
  • 1856 – John Singer Sargent, American artist (d. 1925)
  • 1860 – Henry Larkin, American baseball player (d. 1942)
  • 1863 – Swami Vivekananda, Indian philosopher (d. 1902)
  • 1873 – Spiridon Louis, Greek runner, winner of the first modern Olympics marathon (d. 1940)
  • 1876 – Jack London, American author (d. 1916)
  • 1876 – Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, Italian composer (d. 1948)
  • 1877 – Frank J. Corr, American politician (d. 1934)
  • 1878 – Ferenc Molnár, Hungarian writer (d. 1952)
  • 1879 – Ray Harroun, American race car driver (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Milton Sills, American actor (d. 1930)
  • 1884 – Texas Guinan, American actress (d. 1933)
  • 1892 – Mikhail Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1976)
  • 1893 – Hermann Göring, Nazi official (d. 1946)
  • 1893 – Alfred Rosenberg, Nazi official (d. 1946)
  • 1894 – Georges Carpentier, French boxer (d. 1975)
  • 1896 – David Wechsler, American psychologist (d.1981)
  • 1899 – Pierre Bernac, French baritone (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1903 – Igor Kurchatov, Russian physicist , (d. 1960)
  • 1904 – Fred McDowell, American blues musician (d. 1972)
  • 1905 – James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (d. 1997)
  • 1905 – Tex Ritter, American country singer and actor (d. 1974)
  • 1906 – Daniil Kharms, Russian playwright (d. 1942)
  • 1907 – Patsy Kelly, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1907 – Sergei Korolev, Russian rocket scientist (d. 1966)
  • 1908 – Jean Delannoy, French film director
  • 1908 – Clement Hurd, American illustrator (d. 1988)
  • 1910 – Luise Rainer, German two-time Academy Award winning actress
  • 1915 – Paul Jarrico, American writer (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Joseph-Aurèle Plourde, Catholic archbishop of Ottawa
  • 1916 – Pieter Willem Botha, former President of South Africa (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Jay McShann, American musician (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – William Pleeth, British cellist (d. 1999)
  • 1917 – Walter Hendl, U.S. conductor (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Jimmy Skinner, professional hockey coach (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian spiritualist
  • 1920 – James L. Farmer, Jr., American activist (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist
  • 1922 – Tadeusz Zychiewicz, Polish journalist, art historian and publicist (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Ira Hayes, American soldier (d. 1955)
  • 1924 – Olivier Gendebien, Belgian racing driver (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Bill Burrud, U.S. television host (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – Scottie MacGregor, American actress
  • 1926 – Morton Feldman, American composer
  • 1926 – Ray Price, American singer
  • 1928 – Ruth Brown, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Lloyd Ruby, American race car driver
  • 1930 – Tim Horton, Canadian hockey player (d. 1974)
  • 1930 – Glenn Yarborough, American singer
  • 1932 – Des O’Connor, British television presenter
  • 1933 – Michael Aspel, English broadcaster
  • 1935 – Kreskin, mentalist
  • 1935 – Tomiko Ishii, Japanese actress
  • 1937 – Marie Dubois, French actress
  • 1937 – Shirley Eaton, British actress
  • 1937 – Vicente Sardinero, Spanish baritone (d. 2002)
  • 1938 – Lewis Fiander, Australian actor
  • 1941 – Long John Baldry, British blues singer (d. 2005)
  • 1944 – Joe Frazier, American boxer
  • 1944 – Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate
  • 1944 – Vlastimil Hort, Czechoslovakian chess player
  • 1944 – Viktoria Postnikova, Russian pianist
  • 1944 – Carlos Villagrán, Mexican actor
  • 1945 – Maggie Bell, Scottish singer (Stone the Crows)
  • 1946 – Lady Cosgrove, Scottish judiciary figure
  • 1946 – George Duke, American musician
  • 1946 – Cynthia Robinson, American musician (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1948 – Kenny Allen, English footballer
  • 1948 – Anthony Andrews, English actor
  • 1948 – Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman (d. 2001)
  • 1948 – William Nicholson, English writer
  • 1949 – Kentaro Haneda, Japanese composer (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – Ottmar Hitzfeld, German football manager
  • 1949 – Haruki Murakami, Japanese novelist
  • 1949 – Michael W. Vannier, American radiologist
  • 1949 – Wayne Wang, Hong Kong-born film director
  • 1950 – Sheila Jackson Lee, American politician
  • 1950 – Göran Lindblad, Swedish politician
  • 1950 – Bob McEwen, American politician
  • 1950 – Dorrit Moussaieff, First Lady of Iceland
  • 1950 – Ricky Ray Rector, American murderer (d. 1992)
  • 1951 – Kirstie Alley, American actress
  • 1951 – Ann Althouse, American law professor
  • 1951 – Rush Limbaugh, American radio personality and political commentator
  • 1952 – Charles Faulkner – life coach, motivational speaker, trader and author
  • 1952 – Walter Mosley, American author
  • 1952 – John Walker, New Zealand middle distance runner
  • 1954 – Howard Stern, American radio host
  • 1955 – Rockne S. O’Bannon, screenwriter
  • 1957 – John Lasseter, American director, founder of Pixar Animation Studios
  • 1959 – Blixa Bargeld, German singer and musician (Einstürzende Neubauten, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds)
  • 1959 – Per Gessle, Swedish songwriter and musician (Roxette)
  • 1959 – Nick Nairn, British celebrity chef
  • 1960 – Oliver Platt, Canadian actor
  • 1960 – Dominique Wilkins, American basketball player
  • 1963 – François Girard, French Canadian film director and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Jeff Bezos, American entrepreneur
  • 1965 – Mark Moore, British record producer
  • 1965 – Rob Zombie, American musician
  • 1966 – Olivier Martinez, French actor
  • 1967 – Vendela Kirsebom, Swedish supermodel
  • 1968 – Keith Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1968 – Rachael Harris, American actress
  • 1968 – Junichi Masuda, Japanese composer
  • 1968 – Heather Mills, British activist
  • 1968 – Mauro Silva, Brazilian footballer
  • 1969 – Margaret Nagle, American screenwriter and TV producer
  • 1969 – Robert Prosinecki, Croatian footballer
  • 1970 – Raekwon, American rapper
  • 1970 – Zack de la Rocha, American musician (Rage Against the Machine)
  • 1972 – Priyanka Gandhi, daughter of Rajiv Gandhi.
  • 1972 – Espen Knutsen, Norwegian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Jason Sklar, American comedian.
  • 1972 – Randy Sklar, American comedian.
  • 1973 – Dan Haseltine, singer (Jars of Clay).
  • 1973 – Matt Wong, former bassist (Reel Big Fish)
  • 1973 – Hande Yener, Turkish singer
  • 1974 – Melanie Chisholm, British singer.
  • 1974 – Tor Arne Hetland, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1975 – Jason Freese, American musician
  • 1975 – Jocelyn Thibault, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Miki Nakatani, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1977 – Dominic Etli, American soccer player
  • 1977 – Yoandy Garlobo, Cuban baseball player
  • 1977 – Cade McNown, American football player
  • 1977 – Piolo Pascual, Filipino actor
  • 1978 – Amerie, American singer and songwriter
  • 1978 – Luis Ayala, baseball pitcher
  • 1978 – Jeremy Camp, American musician
  • 1978 – Bonaventure Kalou, Ivorian footballer
  • 1978 – Kim Sa Rang, Korean actress
  • 1978 – Kris Roe, American musician (The Ataris)
  • 1979 – Marián Hossa, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Grzegorz Rasiak, Polish footballer
  • 1980 – Bobby Crosby, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Dan Klecko, American football player
  • 1982 – Sherzod Abdurahmonov, Uzbekistanian boxer
  • 1982 – Paul-Henri Mathieu, French tennis player
  • 1982 – Chris Ray, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Dimitrios Tsiamis, Greek triple jumper
  • 1982 – Dontrelle Willis, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Scott Olsen, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Yohana Cobo, Spanish actress
  • 1985 – Artem Milevskiy, Ukrainian footballer
  • 1986 – Miguel Ángel Nieto, Spanish footballer
  • 1987 – Will Rothhaar, American actor
  • 1987 – Salvatore Sirigu, Italian footballer1988 – Chris Casement, Irish footballer
  • 1988 – Joseph Dundas, British TV Presenter
  • 1988 – Andrew Lawrence, American actor
  • 1990 – Sergey Karjakin, Ukrainian chess player
  • 1992 – Mao Kobayashi, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1995 – Laurel McGoff, singer/actress best known for Kid Nation appearance

January 12 – Deaths:

  • 1321 – Maria of Brabant, wife of Philip III of France (b. 1256)
  • 1519 – Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1459)
  • 1665 – Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician and lawyer (b. 1601)
  • 1674 – Giacomo Carissimi, Italian composer (b. 1605)
  • 1700 – Marguerite Bourgeoys, saint (b. 1620)
  • 1705 – Luca Giordano, Italian artist (b. 1634)
  • 1732 – John Horsley, British archaeologist (b. 1685)
  • 1735 – John Eccles, English composer (b. 1668)
  • 1759 – Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (b. 1709)
  • 1765 – Johann Melchior Molter, German composer (b. 1696)
  • 1777 – Hugh Mercer, American Revolutionary War officer (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1726)
  • 1781 – Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (b. 1691)
  • 1817 – Juan Andres, Spanish Jesuit (b. 1740)
  • 1829 – Friedrich von Schlegel, German poet (b. 1772)
  • 1833 – Marie-Antoine Carême, French chef (b. 1784)
  • 1834 – William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1759)
  • 1856 – Ludovít Štúr, Slovak politician, author of Slovak language, (b. 1815)
  • 1897 – Isaac Pitman, British inventor (Pitman Shorthand) (b. 1813)
  • 1899 – Hiram Walker, American distiller (b. 1816)
  • 1909 – Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864)
  • 1921 – Gervase Elwes, English tenor (b. 1866)
  • 1926 – Sir Austin Chapman, Australian politician (b. 1864)
  • 1934 – Pawel Kochanski, Polish violinist, composer and arranger (b. 1887)
  • 1938 – Gösta Ekman (senior), Swedish actor (b. 1890)
  • 1940 – Edward Smith, English soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1899)
  • 1943 – Jan Campert, Dutch journalist and writer (b. 1902)
  • 1944 – Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1956 – Norman Kerry, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1958 – Charles Mallory Hatfield, U.S. rainmaker (b. 1875)
  • 1960 – Nevil Shute, English writer (b. 1899)
  • 1962 – Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist (b. 1869)
  • 1965 – Lorraine Hansberry, American writer (b. 1936)
  • 1976 – Agatha Christie, English writer (b. 1890)
  • 1977 – Henri-Georges Clouzot, French film director and screenwriter (b. 1907)
  • 1983 – Rebop Kwaku Baah, Nigerian percussionist (b. 1944)
  • 1983 – Nikolai Podgorny, President of the USSR (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Connie Mulder, South African politician (b. 1925)
  • 1990 – Laurence J. Peter, Canadian-born educator et writer (b. 1919)
  • 1991 – Keye Luke, Chinese-American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1996 – Joachim Nitsche, German mathematician (b. 1926)
  • 1997 – Jean-Edern Hallier, French author (b. 1936)
  • 1997 – Charles B. Huggins, Canadian-born cancer researcher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1901)
  • 1999 – Betty Lou Gerson, American voice actress (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Doug Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1961)
  • 2000 – Marc Davis, American animator (b. 1913)
  • 2000 – Bobby Phills, American basketball player (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – Affirmed, American racehorse (b. 1975)
  • 2001 – Luiz Bonfá, Brazilian guitarist and composer (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – William Hewlett, American engineer and businessman (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Stanley Unwin, South African comedian (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – Cyrus Vance, 57th U.S. Secretary of State (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Kinji Fukasaku, Japanese director (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Leopoldo Galtieri, dictator of Argentina (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Maurice Gibb, British singer, songwriter, and musician (Bee Gees) (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Allan Nunn May, English physicist and Soviet spy (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Randy VanWarmer, American singer and songwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2005 – Alessia di Matteo, first survivor of eight transplants in one operation (b. 2003)
  • 2005 – Amrish Puri, Indian actor (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Edmund S. Valtman, Estonian-born cartoonist (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Sir James Killen, Australian politician (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Alice Coltrane, American jazz musician (b. 1937)

January 12 – Holidays:

  • Tanzania – Zanzibar Revolution Day
  • India – National Youth Day Swami Vivekananda’s birthday

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On This Day in History January 11

January 11 – Events:

  • 1055 – Theodora is crowned General of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1158 – Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia.
  • 1569 – First recorded lottery in England.
  • 1571 – Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion.
  • 1693 – Mt. Etna erupts in Sicily, Italy. A powerful earthquake destroys parts of Sicily and Malta.
  • 1759 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company is incorporated.
  • 1779 – Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • 1787 – William Herschel discovers Titania and Oberon, two moons of Uranus.
  • 1794 – Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal, is killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US clown to die while carrying out his duties.
  • 1805 – The Michigan Territory is created.
  • 1839 – Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal-700 die.
  • 1861 – Alabama secedes from the United States.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Arkansas Post – General John McClernand and Private David Dixon Porter capture the Arkansas River for the Union.
  • 1867 – Benito Juárez becomes the Mexican president again.
  • 1879 – The Anglo-Zulu War begins.
  • 1892 – Hawaiian Historical Society founded.
  • 1897 – M. H. Cannon becomes first woman state senator in US (Utah).
  • 1908 – Grand Canyon National Monument is created.
  • 1912 – The Lawrence textile strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
  • 1917 – The Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage.
  • 1919 – Romania annexes Transylvania.
  • 1922 – First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
  • 1923 – Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to make its reparation payments.
  • 1935 – Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
  • 1938 – Frances Moulton elected first woman president of a US national bank.
  • 1942 – Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Netherlands East Indies.
  • 1942 – The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur.
  • 1943 – The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China.
  • 1946 – Bert Bell becomes 2nd NFL commissioner, moves Chicago HQ to Philadelphia.
  • 1946 – Enver Hoxha declares the People’s Republic of Albania with himself as dictator.
  • 1949 – First recorded case of snowfall in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1957 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
  • 1957 – Mass-murderer Jack Gilbert Graham is executed via the Gas Chamber.
  • 1960 – Chad declares independence from France.
  • 1960 – Lamar Clark sets pro boxing record of 44 consecutive knockouts.  
  • 1962 – An avalanche on Huascaran in Peru causes 4,000 deaths.
  • 1964 – United States Surgeon General Dr. Luther Leonidas Terry, M.D., publishes a report saying that smoking may be hazardous to health. It is the first such statement ever made by the U.S. government.
  • 1966 – “Daktari” African adventure series premiers on CBS TV.
  • 1966 – 550 die in landslides in mountains behind Rio de Janeiro after rain.
  • 1970 – Super Bowl IV-Kansas City Chiefs-23, Minnesota Vikings-7.
  • 1972 – East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh.
  • 1973 – American League adopts designated hitter rule.
  • 1973 – Trial of the Watergate burglars begins in Washington, DC. 
  • 1976 – Dorothy Hamill wins her 3rd consecutive national figure skating championship.
  • 1980 – Debut of the Pretenders.
  • 1983 – Billy Martin named Yankee manager for 3rd time.
  • 1984 – Denver Nuggets 163, San Antonio Spurs 155-highest-scoring NBA game.
  • 1984 – Supreme Court reinstated $10M award to Karen Silkwood’s family.
  • 1986 – The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane in Queensland, Australia is officially opened.
  • 1990 – 300,000 march in favor of Lithuanian independence.
  • 1991 – Congress empowers Bush to order attack on Iraq
  • 1994 – The Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm Sinn Féin.
  • 1996 – Haiti becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1998 – Sidi-Hamed massacre takes place in Algeria, over 100 people are killed.
  • 2001 – The Federal Trade Commission approves the merger of AOL and Time Warner to form AOL Time Warner.

January 11 – Birthdays:

  • 347 – Emperor Theodosius I “The Great” of Rome (d. 395)
  • 889 – Abd-ar-Rahman III, Emir and Caliph of Cordoba (d. 961)
  • 1322 – Emperor Komyo of Japan (d. 1380)
  • 1359 – Emperor Go-En’yu of Japan (d. 1393)
  • 1395 – Michelle of Valois, Duchess of Burgundy (d. 1422)
  • 1503 – Parmigianino, Italian artist (d. 1540)
  • 1591 – Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (d. 1646)
  • 1630 – John Rogers, American President of Harvard in the US (d. 1684)
  • 1671 – François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (d. 1745)
  • 1723 – Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (d. 1774)
  • 1755 – Alexander Hamilton, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1804)
  • 1757 – Samuel Bentham, English mechanical engineer (d. 1831)
  • 1788 – William Thomas Brande, English chemist (d. 1866)
  • 1800 – Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (d. 1895)
  • 1807 – Ezra Cornell, American businessman and university founder (d. 1874)
  • 1814 – James Paget, British surgeon and pathologist (d. 1899)
  • 1815 – John A. Macdonald, 1st Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1891)
  • 1825 – Bayard Taylor, U.S. poet and writer (d. 1878
  • 1839 – Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rican educator, philosopher and nationalist (d. 1903)
  • 1842 – William James, American psychologist and philosopher (d. 1910)
  • 1843 – Charles Yelverton O’Connor, Irish-Australian engineer (d. 1902)
  • 1845 – Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1850 – Joseph Charles Arthur, American botanist (d. 1942)
  • 1852 – Konstantin Fehrenbach, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1853 – Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter (d. 1926)
  • 1856 – Christian Sinding, Norwegian composer (d. 1932)
  • 1857 – Fred Archer, English jockey (d. 1886)
  • 1858 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American retailer (d. 1947)
  • 1859 – Lord George Nathaniel Curzon, British statesman, Viceroy of India (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Thomas Dixon, American playwright, lecturer, North Carolina state legislator, lawyer, and author (d. 1946)
  • 1867 – Edward B. Titchener, British psychologist. (d. 1927)
  • 1868 – Cai Yuanpei, Chinese educator (d. 1940)
  • 1870 – Alexander Stirling Calder, American sculptor (d. 1945)
  • 1872 – George Washington Pierce, American physicist (d. 1956)
  • 1873 – John Callan O’Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (d. 1949)
  • 1875 – Reinhold Glière, Russian composer (d. 1956)
  • 1876 – Elmer Flick, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • 1885 – Jack Hoxie, American actor, rodeo performer (d. 1965)
  • 1885 – Alice Paul, American women’s rights activist (d. 1977)
  • 1887 – Aldo Leopold, American ecologist (d. 1948)
  • 1888 – Chester Conklin, American comedian and actor (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (d. 1938)
  • 1890 – Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (d.1954)
  • 1895 – Laurens Hammond, American inventor of the Hammond organ (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Eva Le Gallienne, English-American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Kwon Ki-ok, first Korean female pilot (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Maurice Duruflé, French composer (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – Alan Paton, South African writer (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Clyde Kluckhohn, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
  • 1905 – Manfred B Lee, U.S. writer, co-eponym of Ellery Queen (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist
  • 1907 – Pierre Mendès-France, French politician (d. 1982)
  • 1908 – Lionel Stander, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Sir Shane Paltridge, Australian politician (d. 1966)
  • 1910 – Nikos Kavvadias, Greek poet and writer (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Izler Solomon, American conductor (d. 1987)
  • 1911 – Nora Heysen, Australian artist (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Robert Blair Mayne, British soldier, co-founder Special Air Service (d. 1955)
  • 1916 – Bernard Blier, French actor (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – John Robarts, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario (d. 1982)
  • 1921 – Gory Guerrero, professional wrestler (d. 1990)
  • 1921 – Juanita M. Kreps, former U.S. Secretary of Commerce
  • 1923 – Carroll Shelby, American race car driver, automobile designer and businessman
  • 1924 – Slim Harpo, American musician (d. 1970)
  • 1924 – Sam B. Hall, American politician (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Don Cherry, American singer and golfer
  • 1924 – Roger Guillemin, French neuroendocrinologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1925 – Grant Tinker, American television executive
  • 1926 – Lev Demin, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1998)
  • 1928 – David L. Wolper, American television producer
  • 1930 – Ron Mulock, Australian politician
  • 1930 – Rod Taylor, Australian actor
  • 1931 – Betty Churcher, director of the National Gallery of Australia
  • 1932 – Alfonso Arau, Mexican film director
  • 1934 – Jean Chrétien, 20th Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1934 – Sir Charles Antony Richard Hoare, Computer scientist
  • 1935 – Ghita Nørby, Danish actress
  • 1938 – Fischer Black, American economist (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – Arthur Scargill, Socialist Labour Party (UK) leader
  • 1939 – Anne Heggtveit, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1941 – Gérson, Brazilian footballer
  • 1942 – Clarence Clemons, American musician (E Street Band)
  • 1943 – Jim Hightower, American radio host and author
  • 1944 – Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1944 – Shibu Soren, Indian politician
  • 1945 – Christine Kaufmann, German-Austrian actress
  • 1945 – Samdech Preah Sanghareach Bour Kry, Supreme Patriarch of the Cambodian Dhammayutt Order
  • 1946 – Naomi Judd, American singer
  • 1946 – Tony Kaye, British keyboard player (Yes)
  • 1946 – John Piper, American theologian
  • 1949 – Daryl Braithwaite, Australian rock singer
  • 1951 – Willie Maddren, English former footballer (d. 2000)
  • 1952 – Bille Brown, Australian actor and playwright
  • 1952 – Ben Crenshaw, American golfer
  • 1952 – Michael Forshaw, Australian politician
  • 1952 – Lee Ritenour, American musician and composer
  • 1953 – John Sessions, Scottish actor
  • 1956 – Robert Earl Keen, American singer
  • 1957 – Bryan Robson, English footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Vicki Peterson, American musician (The Bangles)
  • 1958 – Diego León Montoya Sánchez, former Columbian crime boss
  • 1959 – Rob Ramage, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Jasper Fforde, British author
  • 1961 – Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen (Károly), Archduke, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary
  • 1962 – Susan Lindauer, American peace activist and accused spy
  • 1963 – Tracy Caulkins, U.S. Olympic swimmer
  • 1963 – Dean Reynolds, English snooker player
  • 1965 – Roland Scholten, Dutch Darts Player
  • 1966 – Marc Acito, American novelist and humorist
  • 1966 – Kelley Law, Canadian curler
  • 1968 – Anders Borg, Swedish politician
  • 1968 – Tom Dumont, American musician
  • 1969 – Manny Acta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1969 – Kyle Richards, American actress
  • 1970 – Chris Jent, American basketball player and coach
  • 1971 – Mary J. Blige, American singer
  • 1972 – Marc Blucas, American actor
  • 1972 – Amanda Peet, American actress
  • 1973 – Joanna Brodzik, Polish actress
  • 1973 – Rahul Dravid, Indian cricketer
  • 1973 – Rockmond Dunbar, American actor
  • 1974 – Cody McKay, Canadian baseball player
  • 1974 – Jens Nowotny, German footballer
  • 1975 – Rory Fitzpatrick, American ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Efthimios Rentzias, Greek basketball player
  • 1977 – Shomari Buchanan, American football player
  • 1977 – Nadia Turner, American singer
  • 1978 – Michael Duff, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Emile Heskey, English footballer
  • 1979 – Darren Lynn Bousman, American film director
  • 1979 – Siti Nurhaliza, Malaysian singer
  • 1980 – Mike Williams, American football player
  • 1980 – Deanna Wright, American actress
  • 1981 – Jamelia, English singer
  • 1981 – Tom Meighan, British singer (Kasabian)
  • 1982 – Ashley Taylor Dawson, British actor and singer
  • 1982 – Son Ye-jin, South Korean actress
  • 1983 – Matthew Palleschi, Canadian soccer player
  • 1983 – Adrian Sutil, German racing driver
  • 1985 – Rie fu, Japanese singer
  • 1985 – Kazuki Nakajima, Japanese racing driver
  • 1987 – Scotty Cranmer, American professional BMX rider
  • 1992 – Alice Howell, Bear Wrestling Extrodinare
  • 1993 – Flora Cross, American actress

January 11 –Deaths:

  • 314 – St. Miltiades
  • 705 – Pope John VI
  • 802 – St. Paulinus II of Aquileia
  • 812 – Staurakios, Byzantine Emperor
  • 844 – Michael I Rhangabes, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1055 – Constantine IX Monomachos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1000)
  • 1083 – Otto of Nordheim, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1020)
  • 1494 – Domenico Ghirlandaio, Italian artist (b. 1449)
  • 1495 – Pedro González de Mendoza, Spanish cardinal and statesman (b. 1428)
  • 1547 – Pietro Bembo, Italian author, literary theorist, and Catholic cardinal (b. 1470)
  • 1641 – Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (b. 1583)
  • 1696 – Charles Albanel, French missionary explorer in Canada (b. 1616)
  • 1703 – Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (b. 1632)
  • 1713 – Pierre Jurieu, French Protestant leader (b. 1637)
  • 1735 – Danilo I , Vladika of Montenegro (b. c. 1670)
  • 1753 – Sir Hans Sloane, Ulster-Scot physician and collector (b. 1660)
  • 1762 – Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor (b. 1695)
  • 1763 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (b. 1676)
  • 1771 – Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d’Argens, French writer (b. 1704)
  • 1775 – Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (b. 1723)
  • 1791 – William Williams Pantycelyn, Welsh hymnist (b. 1717)
  • 1801 – Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer (b. 1749)
  • 1836 – John Molson, Canadian brewer (b. 1763)
  • 1843 – Francis Scott Key, American lawyer and writer of the American national anthem (b. 1779)
  • 1867 – Sir Stuart Donaldson, first Premier of the Colony of New South Wales (b. 1812)
  • 1882 – Theodor Schwann, German physiologist (b. 1810)
  • 1891 – Baron Georges Haussmann, French civic planner whose name is associated with the rebuilding of Paris (b. 1809)
  • 1901 – Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer (b. 1866)
  • 1902 – Johnny Briggs, English cricketer (b. 1862)
  • 1905 – Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, Hasidic rabbi (b. 1847)
  • 1914 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer and patron of the arts after whom the Carlsberg brewery was named (b. 1842)
  • 1923 – King Constantine I of Greece (b. 1868)
  • 1928 – Thomas Hardy, English writer (b. 1840)
  • 1931 – James Milton Carroll, American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, and author (b. 1852)
  • 1941 – Emanuel Lasker, German chess player (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Count Galeazzo Ciano, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Benito Mussolini’s son-in-law (b. 1903)
  • 1947 – Eva Tanguay, Canadian-born singer and entertainer (b. 1879)
  • 1952 – Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, French general, posthumous Marshal of France (b. 1889)
  • 1952 – Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor (b. 1885)
  • 1954 – Oscar Straus, Austrian composer (b. 1870)
  • 1957 – Sir Robert Garran, Australian lawyer and early leading expert in Australian constitutional law (b. 1867)
  • 1958 – Alec Rowley, English composer (b. 1892)
  • 1958 – Edna Purviance, American actress (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – Elena Gerhardt, German mezzo-soprano singer (b. 1883)
  • 1966 – Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish runner (b. 1889)
  • 1966 – Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor (b. 1901)
  • 1966 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, third Prime Minister of independent India (b. 1904)
  • 1968 – Isidor Isaac Rabi, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)
  • 1969 – Richmal Crompton, British author (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Padraic Colum, Irish poet, novelist, dramatist, biographer and collector of folklore (b. 1881)
  • 1975 – Max Lorenz, German heldentenor famous for Wagner roles (b. 1901)
  • 1978 – Ibn-e-Insha, Pakistani humorist and Urdu poet (b. 1927)
  • 1979 – Jack Soo, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1980 – Barbara Pym, English novelist (b. 1913)
  • 1981 – Beulah Bondi, American actress (b. 1888)
  • 1983 – Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist and educator (b. 1894)
  • 1985 – Sir William McKell, Premier of New South Wales, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1891)
  • 1986 – Sid Chaplin, UK novelist (b. 1916)
  • 1987 – Albert Ferber, Swiss-English pianist (b. 1911)
  • 1988 – Florence Knapp, American, one-time oldest person in the world (b. 1873)
  • 1988 – Gregory “Pappy” Boyington, American WW II Marine aviator (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Helmut Poppendick, Nazi physician (b. 1902)
  • 1995 – Josef Gingold, Russian-American violinist (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Naomi Mitchison, Scottish novelist and poet (b. 1897)
  • 1999 – Brian Moore, Irish-born writer (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Fabrizio de André, Italian singer (b. 1940)
  • 2000 – Betty Archdale, Anglo-Australian educationalist and cricketer (b. 1907)
  • 2000 – Ivan Combe, American inventor (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Bob Lemon, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Sir Denys Lasdun, English architect (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Michael Williams, British actor, husband of Judi Dench (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Henri Verneuil, French playwright and film director (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Struan Sutherland, Australian medical researcher (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Richard Simmons, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Maurice Pialat, French actor and director (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Mickey Finn, English drummer (T. Rex) (b. 1947)
  • 2005 – Miriam Hyde, Australian composer (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Spencer Dryden, American drummer (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – James Griffin, American musician (Bread) (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Fabrizio Meoni, Italian motorcyclist (b. 1957)
  • 2006 – Markus Löffel (Mark Spoon), German DJ (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Nixzmary Brown, American child abuse victim (b. 1998)
  • 2007 – Puchi Balseiro, Puerto Rican singer & songwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Robert Anton Wilson, American author (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Solveig Dommartin, French-German actress (b. 1961)
  • 2008 – Carl Karcher, founded the Carl’s Jr. hamburger chain (b. 1917)
  • 2008 – Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer, the 1st person to climb Mt Everest in 1953 (b. 1919)

January 11 – Holidays:

  • Albania – Republic Day (1946)
  • Morocco – Independence Resistance Day
  • Nepal – Unity Day
  • Puerto Rico – Eugenio Maria de Hostos Day
  • Roman Empire – First day of Carmentalia in honor of Carmenta
  • Religious feast days:
    • Paulinus of Aquileia
    • Theodosius the Cenobiarch

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On This Day in History January 10

January 10 – Events:

  • 49 BC – Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war.
  • 1072 – Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo.
  • 1475 – Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.
  • 1645 – Archbishop William Laud is beheaded at the Tower of London.
  • 1776 – Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense.
  • 1806 – Dutch settlers in Cape Town surrender to the British.
  • 1810 – The marriage of Napoleon and Josephine is annulled.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Florida secedes from the Union.
  • 1863 – The London Underground, the world’s oldest underground railway, opens between London Paddington station and Farringdon station.
  • 1870 – John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil.
  • 1889 – Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France.
  • 1901 – The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.
  • 1910 – First international air meet in US held, in LA.
  • 1911 – First photo in US taken from an airplane, San Diego.
  • 1912 – World’s first flying boat’s maiden flight, (NY).
  • 1920 – The League of Nations holds its first meeting and ratifies the Treaty of Versailles ending World War I.
  • 1920 – Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce.
  • 1922 – Arthur Griffith is elected President of the Irish Free State.
  • 1923 – Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel.
  • 1925 – Miriam (Ma) Ferguson sworn in as Texas governor, nation’s 2nd woman governor.
  • 1928 – Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky.
  • 1932 – “Mickey Mouse” & “Silly Symphony” comics syndicated.
  • 1932 – “Pete the Tramp” cartoon strip by C.D. Russell debuts.
  • 1941 – Lend-Lease is introduced into the U.S. Congress.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.
  • 1946 – The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented.
  • 1946 – US Army establishes first radar contact with Moon, Belmar, NJ.
  • 1949 – First Jewish family show “The Goldbergs” premiers on CBS.
  • 1951 – First jet passenger trip made.
  • 1956 – Elvis records “Heartbreak Hotel.”
  • 1957 – Anthony Eden resigns & Harold Macmillan becomes PM Britain.
  • 1958 – Jerry Lee Lewis’ “Great Balls of Fire” reaches #1.
  • 1962 – Eruptions on Mount Huascaran in Peru destroy 7 villages & kills 3.500.
  • 1962 – Apollo Project: NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket booster. It became better known as the Saturn V moon rocket, which launched every Apollo moon mission.
  • 1964 – US version of “That Was The Week That Was,” premiers.
  • 1966 – Julian Bond denied seat in Georgia legislature for opposing Vietnam War.
  • 1967 – PBS (the National Educational TV) begins as a 70 station network.
  • 1972 – Los Angeles Lakers 33 straight win streak snapped, losing to Bucks 120-104.
  • 1979 – First brother Billy Carter makes allegedly anti-Semitic remarks.
  • 1981 – John Severin sets 100-mi unicycle speed record, 9 hours 21 minutes.
  • 1984 – The United States and the Vatican establish full diplomatic relations after 117 years.
  • 1989 – Cuban troops begin withdrawing from Angola.
  • 1990 – Time Warner is formed from the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications Inc.
  • 1990 – NCAA approves random drug testing for college football players.
  • 1995 – The World Youth Day was held in the Philippines.
  • 1999 – A large piece of the chalk cliff at Beachy Head collapses into the sea.
  • 2005 – A mudslide occurs in La Conchita, California, killing 10 people, injuring many more and closing the Highway 101, the main coastal corridor between San Francisco and Los Angeles, for 10 days.

January 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1480 – Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands (d. 1530)
  • 1538 – Louis of Nassau, Dutch general (d. 1574)
  • 1573 – Simon Marius, German astronomer (d. 1624)
  • 1607 – Isaac Jogues, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1646)
  • 1628 – George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (d. 1687)
  • 1638 – Nicolas Steno, Danish geologist (d. 1686)
  • 1644 – Louis François, duc de Boufflers, French marshal (d. 1711)
  • 1654 – Joshua Barnes, English scholar (d. 1712)
  • 1702 – Johannes Zick, German fresco painter (d. 1762)
  • 1715 – Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)
  • 1721 – Johann Philipp Baratier, German scholar (d. 1740)
  • 1729 – Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (d. 1799)
  • 1738 – Ethan Allen, American Revolution military leader (d. 1789)
  • 1750 – Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine, British Lord Chancellor (d. 1823)
  • 1769 – Michel Ney, French marshal (d. 1815)
  • 1797 – Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German writer (d. 1848)
  • 1810 – Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (d. 1883)
  • 1812 – Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (d. 1881)
  • 1815 – Sir John Alexander Macdonald, First Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1891)
  • 1828 – Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate (d. 1892)
  • 1834 – Lord Acton, British historian (d. 1902)
  • 1840 – Louis Nazaire Bégin, French Canadian archbishop and cardinal (d. 1925)
  • 1843 – Frank James, American outlaw (d. 1915)
  • 1849 – Francisco Ferrer Guardia, Spanish free-thinker (d. 1909)
  • 1836 – Charles Ingalls, father of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1902)
  • 1850 – John Wellborn Root, American architect (d. 1891)
  • 1858 – Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)
  • 1864 – Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich (d. 1931)
  • 1865 – Mary Ingalls, sister of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1928)
  • 1873 – Jack O’Neill, Irish-born baseball player (d. 1935)
  • 1873 – George Orton, Canadian athlete (d. 1958)
  • 1880 – Manuel Azaña y Diaz, Spanish republican President (d. 1940)
  • 1880 – Grock (Charles Adrien Wettach), Swiss circus clown (d. 1959)
  • 1883 – Francis X. Bushman, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1883 – Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Robinson Jeffers, American poet (d. 1962)
  • 1890 – Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (d. 1957)
  • 1893 – Albert Jacka, Australian soldier, first Australian World War I Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)
  • 1903 – Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Voldemar Väli, Estonian wrestler (d. 1997)
  • 1903 – Violet Wilkey, American actress (d. 1976)
  • 1904 – Ray Bolger, American actor/dancer (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Paul Henreid, Austrian actor (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Bernard Lee, English actor (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Jean Martinon, French conductor, composer (d. 1976)
  • 1912 – Maria Mandel, Camp leader at Auschwitz (d. 1948)
  • 1913 – Gustáv Husák, President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Dean Dixon, U.S. conductor (d. 1976)
  • 1916 – Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1916 – Don Metz, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Jerry Wexler, American record producer
  • 1918 – Arthur Chung, President of Guyana
  • 1920 – Georges Marchal, French actor (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Max Patkin, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Rodger Ward, American race car driver (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Ludmilla Chiriaeff, Canadian ballet dancer, choreographer and director (Les Grands Ballets Canadiens) (d. 1996)
  • 1924 – Max Roach, American percussionist, drummer, and composer (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Musallam Bseiso, Palestinian journalist, thinker, and politician
  • 1927 – Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian singer (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Johnnie Ray, American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1927 – Otto Stich, Swiss politician
  • 1928 – Philip Levine, American poet
  • 1929 – Derek Hammond-Stroud, English operatic baritone
  • 1930 – Roy Edward Disney, American film executive
  • 1931 – Peter Barnes, English writer (d. 2004)
  • 1932 – Elaine Devry, American actress
  • 1933 – Anton Rodgers, English actor (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Leonid Kravchuk, Ukrainian politician
  • 1935 – Ronnie Hawkins, American musician
  • 1935 – Sherrill Milnes, American baritone
  • 1936 – Burnum Burnum, Australian Aboriginal activist, actor, author and dreamer (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Stephen Ambrose, American historian (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Robert Woodrow Wilson, American physicist and radio astronomer, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 – Thomas Penfield Jackson, American judge
  • 1938 – Donald Knuth, American mathematician and computer scientist
  • 1938 – Frank Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player and Canadian Senator
  • 1938 – Willie McCovey, American baseball player
  • 1939 – Jared Carter, American poet
  • 1939 – William Levy, Dutch writer
  • 1939 – Scott McKenzie, American singer
  • 1939 – Sal Mineo, American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1939 – Bill Toomey, American athlete
  • 1940 – Guy Chevrette, Quebec politician
  • 1940 – Ntare VI of Ankole, Omugabe of Nkole
  • 1940 – Yesudas, Indian playback singer and classical musician
  • 1942 – Walter Hill, American film director
  • 1943 – Jim Croce, American singer (d. 1973)
  • 1944 – Rory Byrne, South African racing car designer
  • 1944 – Bernard Derome, Canadian news presenter (Le Téléjournal)
  • 1944 – William Sanderson, American actor
  • 1944 – Frank Sinatra, Jr., American singer
  • 1945 – Jennifer Moss, English Actress (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – John Fahey, Australian politician, Premier of New South Wales, chairman of WADA
  • 1945 – Rod Stewart, Scottish singer
  • 1945 – Edward Wiskoski, American professional wrestler
  • 1946 – Aynsley Dunbar, English musician 
  • 1948 – Donald Fagen, American keyboardist, singer and songwriter (Steely Dan)
  • 1948 – Teresa Graves, American actress and singer (d. 2002)
  • 1948 – Mischa Maisky, Latvian cellist
  • 1948 – Bernard Thévenet, French cyclist
  • 1949 – George Foreman, American boxer
  • 1949 – James Lapine, American stage director
  • 1949 – Linda Lovelace, American pornographic actress (d. 2002)
  • 1952 – Scott Thurston, American musician, songwriter
  • 1953 – Pat Benatar, American singer
  • 1953 – Dennis Cooper, American author
  • 1953 – Bobby Rahal, American race car driver and race team owner
  • 1955 – Michael Schenker, German guitarist (UFO)
  • 1956 – Shawn Colvin, American singer
  • 1956 – Antonio Muñoz Molina, Spanish writer
  • 1957 – Greg Walden, U.S. Congressman from Oregon
  • 1958 – Anatoly Pisarenko, Soviet weightlifter
  • 1959 – Fran Walsh, New Zealand screenwriter
  • 1960 – Benoît Pelletier, Canadian politician
  • 1961 – Evan Handler, American actor
  • 1961 – Janet Jones, American actress; wife of Wayne Gretzky
  • 1961 – Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, Italian-American violinist
  • 1962 – Michael Fortier, Canadian politician
  • 1963 – Mark Pryor, American politician
  • 1964 – Brad Roberts, Canadian singer (Crash Test Dummies)
  • 1965 – Butch Hartman, American animator
  • 1966 – Steve Kramer, American politician
  • 1970 – Marcus Bagwell, American professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Alisa Maric, Serbian-American chess grandmaster
  • 1972 – Thomas Alsgaard, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1972 – Brian Lawler, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Ryan Drummond, American voice actor
  • 1973 – Glenn Robinson, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Jemaine Clement, New Zealand actor
  • 1974 – Akari Kaida, Japanese composer
  • 1974 – Steve Marlet, French footballer
  • 1974 – Hrithik Roshan, Indian actor
  • 1975 – Jake Delhomme, American football player
  • 1976 – Adam Kennedy, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Matt Roney, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Sarah Shahi, American actress and model
  • 1981 – Brian Joo, Korean-American singer
  • 1982 – Josh Ryan Evans, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1983 – Danilo Dirani, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1983 – Li Nina, Chinese aerial free-style skier
  • 1986 – Saleisha Stowers, American model

January 10 – Deaths:

  • 681 – Pope Agatho
  • 976 – John I Tzimiskes, Greek Byzantine Emperor (b. 925)
  • 1094 – Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (b. 1029)
  • 1276 – Pope Gregory X (b. 1210)
  • 1645 – William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1573)
  • 1654 – Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist, herbalist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)
  • 1662 – Prince Honoré II of Monaco (b. 1597)
  • 1698 – Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (b. 1637)
  • 1707 – Philibert, comte de Gramont, French writer (b. 1621)
  • 1754 – Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (b. 1691)
  • 1761 – Edward Boscawen, British admiral (b. 1711)
  • 1777 – Spranger Barry, Irish actor (b. 1719)
  • 1778 – Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist (b. 1707)
  • 1794 – Georg Forster, German scientist and revolutionary (d. 1754)
  • 1811 – Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (b. 1764)
  • 1824 – King Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia (b. 1759)
  • 1828 – François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (b. 1750)
  • 1833 – Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (b. 1752)
  • 1851 – Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (b. 1775)
  • 1862 – Samuel Colt, American inventor (b. 1814)
  • 1863 – Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)
  • 1866 – Pyotr Pletnyov, Russian poet (b. 1792)
  • 1883 – Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American medical doctor (b. 1833)
  • 1895 – Benjamin Godard, French composer (b. 1849)
  • 1901 – Sir James Dickson, Premier of Queensland, Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1832)
  • 1904 – Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (b. 1824)
  • 1905 – Karlis Baumanis, Latvian composer (b. 1835)
  • 1917 – William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody, American frontiersman (b. 1846)
  • 1922 – Frank Tudor, Australian Labor Opposition leader (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist accused of setting the Reichstag fire (b. 1909)
  • 1935 – Edwin Flack, Australian athlete, first Olympic champion (b. 1873)
  • 1941 – Frank Bridge, English composer (b. 1879)
  • 1941 – Sir John Lavery, Northern Irish artist (b. 1856)
  • 1941 – Joe Penner, Hungarian-born comedian and actor (b. 1904)
  • 1949 – Erich von Drygalski, German geographer, geophysicist, and polar scientist (b. 1865)
  • 1951 – Sinclair Lewis, American writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1951 – Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist (b. 1890)
  • 1957 – Gabriela Mistral, Chilean writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1960 – Jack Laviolette, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1879)
  • 1961 – Dashiell Hammett, American writer (b. 1894)
  • 1968 – Basil Sydney, English actor (b. 1894)
  • 1969 – John Brownlee, Australian tenor (b. 1900)
  • 1970 – Pavel Belyayev, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1925)
  • 1971 – Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel, French fashion designer (b. 1883)
  • 1972 – Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Howlin’ Wolf, American musician (b. 1910)
  • 1978 – Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan journalist (b. 1924)
  • 1978 – Don Gillis, American composer (b. 1912)
  • 1980 – Hughie Critz, American baseball player (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – George Meany, American labor leader (b. 1894)
  • 1980 – Bo Rein, American college football coach (b. 1945)
  • 1981 – Katherine Alexander, American actress (b. 1898)
  • 1981 – Richard Boone, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1981 – Fawn M. Brodie, American historian (b. 1915)
  • 1982 – Paul Lynde, American comedian (b. 1926)
  • 1984 – Souvanna Phouma, Prince and Prime Minister of Laos (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – Anton Karas, Austrian zither player and composer (b. 1906)
  • 1986 – Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1987 – Marion Hutton, American singer and actress (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – Sir David Robinson, English philanthropist and entrepreneur (b. 1904)
  • 1989 – Herbert Morrison, American radio reporter (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Colin Winchester, Australian Assistant Police Commissioner, murdered (b. 1933)
  • 1992 – Roberto Bonomi, Argentine racing driver (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Kathleen Tynan, Canadian-British journalist, author and screenwriter (b. 1937)
  • 1997 – Elspeth Huxley, British journalist and writer (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Sheldon Leonard, American film producer, actor, and director (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Scottish chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Sir Edward Williams, Australian judge (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Sam Jaffe, American producer (b. 1901)
  • 2002 – W.A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Spalding Gray, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Alexandra Ripley, American author (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Gene Baylos, American comedian (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Margherita Carosio, Italian soprano (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – James Forman, American civil rights leader (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Kalevi Hämäläinen, Finnish cross country skier (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Erwin Hillier, British cinematographer (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Jack Horner, American sports journalist (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Joséphine-Charlotte, Grandduchess of Luxembourg (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Metropolitan Wasyly Fedak, primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Bradford Washburn, American explorer (b. 1910)
  • 2008 – Christopher Bowman, American figure skater (b. 1967)
  • 2008 – Maila Nurmi, aka Vampira, Finnish-born American actress (b. 1921)
  • 2008 – Mikhail Minin, Russian Soviet soldier (b. 1922)

January 10 – Holidays:

  • Roman Catholic Church:
    • Peter Orseolo, Doge of Venice and saint
    • Coptic Church:
      • Obadiah

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