On This Day in History July 14

July 14 – Events:

  • 1223 – In France, Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
  • 1698 – The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
  • 1769 – The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
  • 1771 – Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junípero Serra.
  • 1789 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.
  • 1790 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
  • 1791 – The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
  • 1798 – The Sedition Act becomes United States law making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
  • 1865 – First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom died on the descent.
  • 1902 – The Campanile in St Mark’s Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • 1933 – Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
  • 1943 – In Joplin, Missouri, George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of a black American.
  • 1948 – Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
  • 1958 – Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Kassem becomes the nation’s new leader.
  • 1965 – Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
  • 1969 – Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer game against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers.
  • 1969 – The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
  • 2002 – During Bastille Day celebrations, French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed.
  • 2007 – Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

July 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1454 – Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
  • 1602 – Jules Mazarin, French statesman and cardinal (d. 1661)
  • 1608 – George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
  • 1610 – Ferdinando II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • 1634 – Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • 1671 – Jacques D’Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1675 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
  • 1676 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
  • 1696 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
  • 1721 – John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1743 – Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • 1785 – Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (d. 1851)
  • 1801 – Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1816 – Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1829 – Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1896)
  • 1858 – Emmeline Pankhurst, English suffragette (d. 1928)
  • 1859 – Willy Hess, German violinist (d. 1928)
  • 1860 – Owen Wister, American author (d. 1938)
  • 1862 – Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
  • 1865 – Arthur Capper, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1951)
  • 1868 – Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator (d. 1926)
  • 1874 – Khedive Abbas II of Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1885 – King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
  • 1891 – Alexander M. Volkov, Russian novelist and mathematician (d. 1977)
  • 1893 – Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
  • 1896 – Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
  • 1898 – A. B. “Happy” Chandler, American politician and baseball commissioner (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Gerald Finzi, British composer (d. 1956)
  • 1903 – Irving Stone, American writer (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Tom Carvel, Greek-born businessman and inventor (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – William Hanna, American animator (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Terry-Thomas, British actor (d. 1990)
  • 1912 – Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – Woody Guthrie, American folk musician (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr., 38th President of the United States (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film and theatre director (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Arthur Laurents, American playwright, novelist, and director
  • 1919 – Lino Ventura, Italian-born actor (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Leon Garfield, English children’s author (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard
  • 1923 – Dale Robertson, American actor
  • 1924 – James W. Black, Scottish pharmacologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1926 – Harry Dean Stanton, American actor
  • 1927 – John Chancellor, American television commentator (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Nancy Olson, American actress
  • 1930 – Polly Bergen, American actress
  • 1932 – Roosevelt Grier, American football player and actor
  • 1933 – Robert Bourassa, Quebec politician (d. 1996)
  • 1937 – Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • 1938 – Jerry Rubin, American activist (d. 1994)
  • 1939 – Karel Gott, Czech singer
  • 1939 – Sid Haig, American actor
  • 1939 – George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
  • 1941 – Maulana Karenga, American author and activist
  • 1941 – Andreas Khol, Austrian politician
  • 1942 – Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • 1943 – Christopher Priest, English novelist
  • 1944 – Billy McCool, baseball player
  • 1946 – Vincent Pastore, American actor
  • 1946 – John Wood, Australian actor
  • 1947 – Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer
  • 1950 – Gwen Guthrie, American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1951 – Erich Hallhuber, German actor (d. 2003)
  • 1952 – Franklin Graham, American evangelist
  • 1952 – Eric Laneuville, American director, Actor, Producer
  • 1952 – Joel Silver, American film producer
  • 1956 – Vladimir Kulich, Czech actor
  • 1958 – Joe Keenan, American screenwriter, television producer and novelist.
  • 1960 – Jane Lynch, American actress
  • 1960 – Anna Bligh, Australian politician
  • 1961 – Jackie Earle Haley, American actor
  • 1962 – Jeff Olson, American musician
  • 1963 – Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist
  • 1966 – Tanya Donelly, American musician (Belly)
  • 1966 – Ellen Reid, Canadian musician (Crash Test Dummies)
  • 1966 – Matthew Fox, American actor
  • 1966 – Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator
  • 1967 – Robin Ventura, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Patrick J. Kennedy, politician
  • 1971 – Mark LoMonaco, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Joey Styles, American wrestling commentator
  • 1971 – Marie-Chantal Toupin, French Canadian singer
  • 1972 – Deborah Mailman, Australian actress
  • 1973 – Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
  • 1973 – Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player
  • 1973 – Candela Peña, Spanish actress
  • 1974 – David Mitchell, English comedian and actor
  • 1975 – Taboo, American rapper
  • 1975 – Tim Hudson, baseball player
  • 1976 – Geraint Jones, English cricketer
  • 1977 – Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
  • 1979 – Bernie Castro, baseball player
  • 1979 – Axel Teichmann, German cross-country skier
  • 1980 – George Smith, Australian Rugby player
  • 1981 – Lee Mead, English actor
  • 1983 – Wesley Dening, Australian TV personality
  • 1987 – Adam Johnson, English footballer
  • 1988 – James Vaughan, English footballer

July 14 – Deaths:

  • 664 – Deusdedit of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 937 – Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1223 – King Philip II of France (b. 1165)
  • 1575 – Richard Taverner, English Bible translator
  • 1614 – Camillus de Lellis, Italian saint (b. 1550)
  • 1671 – Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (b. 1599)
  • 1723 – Claude Fleury, French historian (b. 1640)
  • 1742 – Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1766 – František Maxmilián Kanka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
  • 1774 – James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
  • 1780 – Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
  • 1789 – Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (assassinated) (b. 1721)
  • 1789 – Bernard-René de Launay, governor of the Bastille, murdered during the Storming of the Bastille (b.1740)
  • 1790 – Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
  • 1817 – Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Swiss author (b. 1766)
  • 1827 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • 1834 – Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
  • 1850 – August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1876 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (b. 1816)
  • 1881 – Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859?)
  • 1904 – Paul Kruger, Boer resistance leader (b. 1824)
  • 1907 – William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1910 – Marius Petipa, French dancer and choreographer (b. 1818)
  • 1917 – Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
  • 1939 – Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter, decorative artist (b. 1860)
  • 1954 – Jacinto Benavente, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1965 – Adlai Stevenson, United States Presidential candidate (b. 1900)
  • 1967 – Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (b. 1891)
  • 1975 – Madan Mohan, Hindi Film’s Melodious Music director (b. 1924)
  • 1984 – Ernest Tidyman, American writer (b. 1928)
  • 1984 – Philippe Wynne, American musician (b. 1941)
  • 1989 – Frank Bell, British educator (b. 1916)
  • 1993 – Léo Ferré, French singer and songwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1994 – César Tovar, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Jeff Krosnoff, CART driver (b. 1964)
  • 2000 – William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (b. 1944)
  • 2002 – Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
  • 2003 – Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – François-Albert Angers, French Canadian economist (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Cicely Saunders, English Nurse, physician, and writer (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – John Ferguson Sr., former professional hockey player (b. 1938)

July 14 – Holidays:

  • France and all French dependencies – Bastille Day.
  • Sweden – Birthday of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, an official flag day.

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On This Day in History July 13

July 13 – Events:

  • 1174 – William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by  forces loyal to Henry II of England.
  • 1558 – Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
  • 1573 – Eighty Years’ War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.
  • 1643 – English Civil War: Battle of Roundway Down – In England, Lord Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, commanding the Royalist forces, wins a crushing victory over the Parliamentarian Sir William Waller.
  • 1787 – The Continental Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance establishing governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also establishes procedures for the admission of new states and limits the expansion of slavery.
  • 1794 – Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • 1854 – In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
  • 1863 – New York Draft Riots: In New York City, opponents of conscription begin three days of rioting which will be later regarded as the worst in United States history.
  • 1878 – Treaty of Berlin: The European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman empire.
  • 1919 – The British airship R34 lands in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.
  • 1923 – The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads “Hollywoodland ” but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
  • 1941 – World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • 1973 – Alexander Butterfield reveals the existence of the Nixon tapes to the special Senate committee investigating the Watergate break in.
  • 1985 – The Live Aid benefit concert takes place in London and Philadelphia, as well as other venues such as Sydney and Moscow.
  • 1985 – Vice President George H.W. Bush became the Acting President for the day when President Ronald Reagan underwent surgery to remove polyps from his colon.

July 13 – Birthdays:

  • 100 BC – Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader (d. 44 BC) (born either July 12 or July 13)
  • 40 AD – Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman Governor of Britain (d. 93 AD)
  • 1527 – John Dee, English scientist (d. 1609)
  • 1579 – Arthur Dee, English physician (d. 1651)
  • 1590 – Pope Clement X (d. 1676)
  • 1607 – Václav Hollar, Czech-born artist (d. 1677)
  • 1608 – Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1657)
  • 1745 – Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)
  • 1770 – Alexander Balashov, Russian general (d. 1837)
  • 1776 – Caroline of Baden, queen of Bavaria (d. 1841)
  • 1793 – John Clare, English poet (d. 1864)
  • 1798 – Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1821 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate cavalry officer, and founder of the original Ku Klux Klan (d. 1877)
  • 1841 – Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • 1858 – Stewart Culin, American ethnographer (d. 1929)
  • 1859 – Sidney Webb, British socialist (d. 1947)
  • 1864 – John Jacob Astor IV, American entrepreneur (d. 1912)
  • 1889 – Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (d. 1940)
  • 1895 – Sidney Blackmer, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
  • 1898 – Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
  • 1900 – George Lewis, American musician (d. 1969)
  • 1901 – Eric Portman, English stage and film actor (d. 1969)
  • 1905 – Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Dave Garroway, American television host (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Alberto Ascari, Italian race car driver, and two-time F1 world champion (d. 1955)
  • 1920 – Bill Towers, English footballer (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Git Gay, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Ernest Gold, Austrian composer (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Ken Mosdell, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Anker Jørgensen, Danish Prime Minister, Democratic Socialist
  • 1924 – Carlo Bergonzi, Italian singer
  • 1924 – Michel Constantin, French film actor (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Simone Veil, French politician
  • 1928 – Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Bob Crane, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1928 – Leroy Vinnegar, American jazz bassist
  • 1929 – Sofia Muratova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1931 – Frank Ramsey, American basketball player
  • 1932 – Hubert Reeves, Canadian astrophysicist
  • 1933 – Patsy Byrne, English actress
  • 1934 – Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 – Aleksei Yeliseyev, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1935 – Jack Kemp, American football player and politician
  • 1936 – Albert Ayler, American musician (d. 1970)
  • 1940 – Patrick Stewart, English actor
  • 1941 – Robert Forster, American actor
  • 1941 – Jacques Perrin, French actor and filmmaker
  • 1942 – Harrison Ford, American actor
  • 1942 – Roger McGuinn, American musician
  • 1944 – Erno Rubik, Hungarian inventor
  • 1946 – Cheech Marin, American actor
  • 1948 – Catherine Breillat, French director and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Daphne Maxwell Reid, Actress
  • 1950 – George “Pinky” Nelson, American astronaut
  • 1950 – Ma Ying-jeou, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang(KMT)
  • 1951 – Rob Bishop, American politician
  • 1953 – Mila Mulroney, wife of former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney
  • 1954 – Sezen Aksu, Turkish singer
  • 1954 – Rick Chartraw, American ice hockey player
  • 1954 – Louise Mandrell, American musician
  • 1954 – David Thompson, American basketball player
  • 1956 – Claude Giroux, Canadian midget wrestler
  • 1956 – Michael Spinks, American former boxer
  • 1957 – Thierry Boutsen, Belgian racing driver
  • 1957 – Cameron Crowe, American film director
  • 1957 – Phil Margera, father of Bam Margera
  • 1959 – Richard Leman, English field hockey player
  • 1960 – Ian Hislop, English writer, editor of Private Eye
  • 1961 – Stelios Manolas, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Tim Watson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1962 – Tom Kenny, American voice actor
  • 1962 – Rhonda Vincent, American singer
  • 1963 – Neal Foulds, English snooker player
  • 1963 – Spud Webb, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Gerald Levert, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Benny Benassi, Italian disc jockey
  • 1967 – Dean Barnett, American Conservative blogger
  • 1968 – Robert Gant, American actor
  • 1969 – Mark Greenway, British vocalist
  • 1969 – Kakhi Kakhiashvili, Georgian-born Greek weightlifter
  • 1969 – Oleg Serebrian, Moldovan politician and political scientist
  • 1970 – Barry Pinches, English snooker player
  • 1972 – Sean Waltman, American wrestler
  • 1973 – Ariel Silvio Zárate, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Deborah Cox, Canadian R&B singer
  • 1974 – Jarno Trulli, Italian race car driver
  • 1975 – Danni Boatwright, American model, sports caster, and Survivor contestant
  • 1976 – Al Santos, American model and actor
  • 1976 – Sheldon Souray, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Ashley Scott, American actress
  • 1979 – Craig Bellamy, Welsh footballer
  • 1982 – Christopher Bauman, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1982 – Joost van den Broek, Dutch keyboard player (After Forever)
  • 1982 – Simon Clist, English footballer
  • 1982 – Yadier Molina, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1983 – Liu Xiang, Chinese hurdling athlete
  • 1985 – Guillermo Ochoa, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Patch Kientz, American Artist
  • 1989 – Sayumi Michishige, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1992 – Dylan Patton, American actor
  • 1994 – Ridge Canipe, American actor

July 13 – Deaths:

  • 939 – Pope Leo VII
  • 1189 – Matilda of England, daughter of Henry II of England (b. 1156)
  • 1205 – Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and Justicier of England
  • 1357 – Bartolus de Saxoferrato Italian jurist (b. 1313)
  • 1399 – Peter Parler, German architect (b. 1330)
  • 1402 – Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)
  • 1551 – John Wallop, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)
  • 1621 – Archduke Albert of Austria, Governor of the Low Countries (b. 1559)
  • 1626 – Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (b. 1563)
  • 1628 – Robert Shirley, English adventurer (b. 1581)
  • 1629 – Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Swedish physician and theologian (b. 1585)
  • 1645 – Tsar Michael I of Russia (b. 1596)
  • 1683 – Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)
  • 1693 – Hendrik Trajectinus, Count of Solms, Dutch lieutenant-general (b. 1636)
  • 1705 – Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator (b. 1649)
  • 1755 – Edward Braddock, British general
  • 1760 – Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania’s ambassador to the Native Americans (b. 1696)
  • 1761 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)
  • 1762 – James Bradley, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1693)
  • 1789 – Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist (b. 1715)
  • 1793 – Jean-Paul Marat, French revolutionary (b. 1743)
  • 1807 – Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
  • 1882 – Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)
  • 1889 – Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
  • 1890 – John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)
  • 1896 – Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German chemist (b. 1829)
  • 1921 – Gabriel Lippmann, Luxembourg scientist (b. 1845)
  • 1922 – Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
  • 1946 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (b. 1864)
  • 1951 – Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
  • 1954 – Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (b. 1907)
  • 1955 – Ruth Ellis, last woman to get the death sentence in Britain (b. 1926)
  • 1960 – Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
  • 1967 – Tom Simpson, British cyclist (b. 1937)
  • 1973 – Willy Fritsch, German film actor (b. 1901)
  • 1974 – Patrick Blackett, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1884)
  • 1976 – Joachim Peiper, German military leader (SS, by assassination; b. 1915,)
  • 1979 – Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and graphic artist (1913)
  • 1980 – Seretse Khama, first President of Botswana (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Davey Allison, American race car driver (b. 1961)
  • 1995 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – Pandro S. Berman, American film producer (b. 1905)
  • 1997 – Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Arthur Kane, American musician (b. 1949)
  • 2004 – Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Red Buttons, American comedian (b. 1919)
  • 2010 – George Steinbrenner, NY Yankees owner (b. 1930)

July 13-Holidays

  • Bon Festival – Buddhist festival to honor the dead (East Japan)

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On This Day in History July 12

July 12 – Events:

  • 1191 – Saladin’s garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city’s walls and towers.
  • 1543 – King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.
  • 1580 – Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
  • 1690 – Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) – The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II.
  • 1691 – Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) – The decisive victory of William’s forces in Ireland.
  • 1790 – The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Assembly.
  • 1804 – Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel with Vice President Aaron Burr.
  • 1806 – Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: The United States invades Canada at Windsor, Ontario.
  • 1862 – Medal of Honor authorized by the United States Congress.
  • 1917 – The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1932 – Hedley Verity establishes a first-class record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka – German and Soviet forces engage in largest tank engagement of all time.
  • 1960 – Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1973 – A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • 1975 – São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
  • 1979 – The island nation of Kiribati declares independence from Great Britain.

July 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1394 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
  • 1596 – Tsar Michael I of Russia (d. 1645)
  • 1675 – Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (d. 1742)
  • 1730 – Josiah Wedgwood, English potter (d. 1795)
  • 1803 – Peter Chanel, French priest and saint (d. 1841)
  • 1807 – Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (d. 1893)
  • 1817 – Henry David Thoreau, American writer and philosopher (d. 1862)
  • 1824 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1828 – Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)
  • 1849 – Sir William Osler, Canadian physician and author (d. 1919)
  • 1850 – Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
  • 1852 – Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (d. 1933)
  • 1854 – George Eastman, American inventor (d. 1932)
  • 1863 – Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1864 – George Washington Carver, American botanist (d. 1943)
  • 1868 – Stefan George, German poet (d. 1933)
  • 1870 – Louis II of Monaco (d. 1949)
  • 1876 – Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
  • 1880 – Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1920)
  • 1886 – Jean Hersholt, Danish film director and actor (d. 1956)
  • 1892 – Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
  • 1895 – Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Buckminster Fuller, American architect (d. 1983)
  • 1895 – Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist (d. 1960)
  • 1904 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Milton Berle, American comedian (d. 2002)
  • 1909 – Curly Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Fritz Leonhardt, German civil engineer (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1917 – Andrew Wyeth, American artist
  • 1920 – Pierre Berton, Canadian journalist and writer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Beah Richards, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Bob Fillion, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1922 – Mark Hatfield, U.S. Senator from Oregon
  • 1925 – Roger Bonham Smith, former chairman and CEO of General Motors (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Elias James Corey, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Gordon Pinsent, Canadian actor, director, and writer
  • 1932 – Otis Davis, American runner
  • 1933 – Donald E. Westlake, American author
  • 1934 – Van Cliburn, American pianist
  • 1937 – Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor
  • 1937 – Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France 1997-2002
  • 1937 – Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer
  • 1938 – Ron Fairly, American baseball player
  • 1938 – Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer
  • 1941 – Benny Parsons, American NASCAR driver (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Billy Smith, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1943 – Christine McVie, British singer, musician, and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1943 – Walter Murch, American film editor
  • 1947 – Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby union footballer
  • 1947 – Richard C. McCarty, American professor of psychology
  • 1948 – Walter Egan, American singer
  • 1948 – Richard Simmons, American fitness trainer
  • 1948 – Jay Thomas, American actor
  • 1949 – Rick Hendrick, American NASCAR team owner, and car dealer.
  • 1950 – Eric Carr, American drummer (Kiss) (d. 1991)
  • 1950 – Gilles Meloche, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Brian Grazer, American film producer
  • 1951 – Cheryl Ladd, American actress
  • 1951 – Sylvia Sass, Hungarian soprano
  • 1951 – Jamey Sheridan, American actor
  • 1952 – Philip Taylor Kramer, Bass Guitar Player (d. 1995)
  • 1952 – Voja Antonic, Serbian inventor and writer
  • 1954 – Wolfgang Dremmler, German footballer
  • 1956 – Sandi Patty, American singer
  • 1956 – Mario Soto, Dominican baseball player
  • 1957 – Richard Douglas Husband, American astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1960 – Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
  • 1962 – Julio César Chávez, Mexican boxer
  • 1962 – Dan Murphy, American guitarist (Soul Asylum)
  • 1962 – Dean Wilkins, English football manager
  • 1964 – Tim Gane, English musician (Stereolab, McCarthy)
  • 1964 – Gaby Roslin, English television presenter
  • 1967 – Richard Herring, English comedian
  • 1967 – John Petrucci, American guitar player (Dream Theater)
  • 1967 – Bruny Surin, Canadian athlete
  • 1968 – Catherine Plewinski, French swimmer
  • 1969 – Lisa Nicole Carson, American actress
  • 1969 – Jesse Pintado, American guitarist (Napalm Death) (d. 2006)
  • 1970 – Brian Lee Byung-Hun, South Korean actor
  • 1971 – Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
  • 1972 – Travis Best, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Brett Reed, American musician (Rancid)
  • 1972 – Jake Wood, English actor, plays Max Branning in long running soap, eastenders
  • 1973 – Magoo, American rapper
  • 1973 – Christian Vieri, Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer (Within Temptation)
  • 1974 – Stelios Giannakopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Gregory Helms, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Cheyenne Jackson, American actor and singer
  • 1976 – Dan Boyle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Anna Friel, British actress
  • 1977 – Neil Harris, English footballer
  • 1977 – Steve Howey, American actor
  • 1977 – Brock Lesnar, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Topher Grace, American actor
  • 1978 – Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
  • 1978 – Claire Chitham, New Zealand actress
  • 1979 – Nikos Barlos, Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Johanna Klum, German TV presenter
  • 1981 – Adrienne Camp, South African singer/songwriter
  • 1982 – Antonio Cassano, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Megumi Kawamura, Japanese volleyballer
  • 1984 – Gareth Gates, British singer
  • 1984 – Michael McGovern, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1985 – Luiz Ejlli, Albanian singer
  • 1985 – Natasha Poly, Russian supermodel
  • 1986 – JP Pietersen, South African rugby union footballer
  • 1988 – Melissa O’Neil, Canadian singer
  • 1991 – Erik Per Sullivan, American actor

July 12 – Deaths:

  • 783 – Bertrada of Laon, wife of Pippin III (b. 720)
  • 1441 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
  • 1536 – Erasmus, Dutch writer and philosopher
  • 1584 – Steven Borough, English explorer (b. 1525)
  • 1664 – Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
  • 1682 – Jean Picard, French astronomer (b. 1620)
  • 1693 – John Ashby, English admiral
  • 1712 – Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1626)
  • 1742 – Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (b. 1675)
  • 1749 – Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France
  • 1773 – Johann Joachim Quantz, German flutist and composer (b. 1697)
  • 1804 – Alexander Hamilton, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1755)
  • 1845 – Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (b. 1808)
  • 1849- Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
  • 1910 – Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator (b. 1887)
  • 1918 – Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
  • 1926 – Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator (b. 1868)
  • 1931 – Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)
  • 1935 – Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer (b. 1859)
  • 1944 – Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., American general, received Medal of Honor (b. 1887)
  • 1945 – Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (b. 1895)
  • 1945 – Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1947 – Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
  • 1949 – Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
  • 1950 – Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
  • 1961 – Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
  • 1962 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader (b. 1907)
  • 1971 – Yvon Robert, French Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1914)
  • 1973 – Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Minnie Riperton, American soul singer (b. 1947)
  • 1983 – Chris Wood, British musician, played with Traffic, (b. 1944)
  • 1990 – João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (b. 1970)
  • 1996 – John Chancellor, American television journalist (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Jonathan Melvoin, American musician and keyboardist (The Smashing Pumpkins) (b.  1961)
  • 1998 – Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
  • 1998 – Jimmy Driftwood, American folk songwriter and musician (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Bill Owen, British actor (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Benny Carter, American musician (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Lord John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, Chief executive of British Airways since its privatization. (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality. (b.1947)
  • 2007 – Mr. Butch, Iconic Boston street figure. (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Robert Burås, Norwegian \m/ guitar player. (b. 1975)

July 12 – Holidays:

  • Northern Ireland – Battle of the Boyne Day (also known as Orangemen’s Day or the Twelfth).
  • São Tomé and Príncipe – Independence Day.

 

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On This Day in History July 11

July 11 – Events:

  • 911 – Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.
  • 1156 – Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.
  • 1302 – Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) – a coalition around the Flemish cities defeats the king of France’s huge knightly army.
  • 1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1405 – Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world for the first time.
  • 1476 – Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
  • 1576 – Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
  • 1616 – Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
  • 1740 – Pogrom: Jews are expelled from Little Russia.
  • 1750 – Halifax, Nova Scotia almost completely destroyed by fire.
  • 1776 – Captain James Cook begins third voyage.
  • 1789 – Jacques Necker dismissed as Finance Minister for France sparking the Storming of the  Bastille.
  • 1796 – The U.S. takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
  • 1798 – The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1804 – Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a duel.
  • 1811 – Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.
  • 1848 – The Waterloo railway station in London opens.
  • 1859 – A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published.
  • 1864 – Confederate forces attempt an invasion of Washington, D.C.
  • 1882 – The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
  • 1889 – Tijuana, Mexico was founded
  • 1893 – The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
  • 1895 – The brothers Lumière show film for scientists.
  • 1897 – Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to try to reach the North pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
  • 1906 – Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser’s An American Tragedy
  • 1914 – Babe Ruth debuts in Major league baseball.
  • 1919 – Eight-hour working day and free Sunday made into law in the Netherlands.
  • 1921 – Truce called in the Irish War of Independence; see Irish calendar.
  • 1921 – Former US President William Howard Taft sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.
  • 1921 – Outer Mongolia becomes independent (from the Republic of China).
  • 1922 – Hollywood Bowl opens.
  • 1936 – Triborough Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic.
  • 1940 – World War II: Vichy France regime formally established. Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1943 – Massacres of Poles in Volhynia
  • 1943 – World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily – German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
  • 1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt says he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States.
  • 1950 – Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank.
  • 1955 – The phrase In God We Trust is added to all US currency.
  • 1957 – Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III.
  • 1960 – Independence of Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger.
  • 1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published.
  • 1962 – First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
  • 1971 – Copper mines in Chile nationalized.
  • 1973 – A Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris on approach to Orly Airport, killing 123 people of the 134 on-board.
  • 1977 – Martin Luther King is posthumously awarded the Medal of Freedom.
  • 1978 – Los Alfaques Disaster: a truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
  • 1979 – The space station Skylab returns to Earth.
  • 1983 – A Boeing 727 crashes into hilly terrain after a tail strike in Cuenca, Ecuador, claiming 119  lives.
  • 1987 – According to the United Nations, the world population crossed the 5 billion mark.
  • 1990 – Oka Crisis, First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
  • 1991 – A Nationair DC-8 crashed during an emergency landing at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter was ferrying Hajj pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.
  • 1991 – Total solar eclipse in Hawaii and Mexico.
  • 1995 – Full diplomatic relations are established between the United States and Vietnam.
  • 1995 – Srebrenica Genocide: Serb army from Yugoslavia and Bosnia, capture the Bosniak town of Srebrenica. More than eight thousands inhabitants are murdered. It is generally regarded to be the most horrific event in recent European history.
  • 1995 – A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
  • 2003 – Lahore-Delhi bus service resumed after suspension of 18 months.
  • 2006 – 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.

July 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1274 – Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland (d. 1329)
  • 1366 – Anne of Bohemia, consort of Richard II of England (d. 1394)
  • 1561 – Luis de Góngora, Spanish poet (d. 1627)
  • 1603 – Kenelm Digby, English privateer (d. 1665)
  • 1628 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
  • 1657 – King Frederick I of Prussia (d. 1713)
  • 1662 – Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1726)
  • 1709 – Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist (d. 1785)
  • 1723 – Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (d. 1799)
  • 1751 – Caroline Matilda of Wales, queen consort of Denmark and Norway (d. 1775)
  • 1754 – Thomas Bowdler, English physician and censor (d. 1825)
  • 1767 – John Quincy Adams, President of the United States (d. 1848)
  • 1826 – Alexander Afanasyev, Russian folklorist (d. 1871)
  • 1832 – Charilaos Trikoupis, Greek politician (d. 1896)
  • 1846 – Leon Bloy, French writer (d. 1917)
  • 1851 – Millie and Christine McCoy, Conjoined twins (d. 1912)
  • 1857 – Alfred Binet, French psychologist (d. 1911)
  • 1864 – Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
  • 1886 – Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1895 – Dolly Wilde, English socalite (d. 1941)
  • 1897 – Bull Connor, American law enforcement official (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – E. B. White, American writer (d. 1985)
  • 1903 – Rudolf Abel, Soviet intelligence officer (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (d. 1976)
  • 1906 – Herbert Wehner, German politician (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Irene Hervey, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Cordwainer Smith, American writer (d. 1966)
  • 1916 – Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Reg Varney, English actor
  • 1916 – Gough Whitlam, 21st Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1920 – Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (d. 1985)
  • 1921 – Ilse Werner, Dutch-born actress
  • 1922 – Gene Evans, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Brett Somers, Canadian-born actress (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Charlie Tully, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1971)
  • 1925 – Nicolai Gedda, Swedish tenor
  • 1926 – Frederick Buechner, American author
  • 1929 – David Kelly, Irish actor
  • 1929 – Hermann Prey, German baritone (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Harold Bloom, American literary critic
  • 1931 – Thurston Harris, American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1931 – Tab Hunter, American actor
  • 1931 – Tullio Regge, Italian physicist
  • 1932 – Jean-Guy Talbot, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1933 – Bob McGrath, American actor
  • 1934 – Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer
  • 1935 – Oliver Napier, Northern Irish politician
  • 1937 – Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer
  • 1940 – Yvon Charbonneau, French Canadian union leader and politician
  • 1943 – Rolf Stommelen, German race car driver (d. 1983)
  • 1944 – Myra Gale Brown, former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis
  • 1945 – Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • 1947 – Bo Lundgren, Swedish politician
  • 1949 – Liona Boyd, English-born musician
  • 1950 – Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani nuclear physicist
  • 1950 – Bruce McGill, American actor
  • 1950 – J. R. Morgan, British classical scholar
  • 1951 – Bonnie Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
  • 1952 – Bill Barber, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1952 – John Kettley, English weather forecaster
  • 1953 – Peter Brown, American singer, songwriter and producer
  • 1953 – Mindy Sterling, American actress
  • 1953 – Leon Spinks, American former boxer
  • 1954 – Butch Reed, American professional wrestler
  • 1956 – Sela Ward, American actress
  • 1957 – Peter Murphy, British musician – (Bauhaus)
  • 1957 – Michael Rose, Jamaican musician (Black Uhuru)
  • 1958 – Hugo Sánchez, Mexican footballer
  • 1958 – Andrew Gilbert-Scott, British racing driver
  • 1959 – Richie Sambora, American musician (Bon Jovi)
  • 1959 – Suzanne Vega, American singer
  • 1962 – Gaetan Duchesne, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • 1962 – Pauline McLynn, Irish actress
  • 1963 – Al MacInnis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Lisa Rinna, American actress
  • 1963 – Sandra Schmirler, Canadian curler (d. 2000)
  • 1964 – Craig Charles, English actor
  • 1964 – Kyrill, Prince of Preslav, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1965 – Tony Cottee, English footballer
  • 1965 – Ernesto Hoost, Dutch kickboxer
  • 1965 – Scott Shriner, American musician (Weezer)
  • 1966 – Greg Grunberg, American actor
  • 1967 – Jeff Corwin, American naturalist and TV personality
  • 1968 – Michael Geist, Canadian academic
  • 1968 – Esera Tuaolo, American football player
  • 1969 – David Tao, Taiwanese singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Justin Chambers, American actor
  • 1971 – Brett Hauer, American ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Jussi 69, Finnish musician (The 69 Eyes)
  • 1972 – Steven Richards, Australian racing driver
  • 1972 – Michael Rosenbaum, American actor
  • 1973 – Andrew Bird, American musician
  • 1973 – Konstantinos Kenteris, Greek athlete
  • 1974 – Hermann Hreiðarsson, Icelandic footballer
  • 1974 – André Ooijer, Dutch footballer
  • 1975 – Willie Anderson, American football player
  • 1975 – Rubén Baraja, Spanish footballer
  • 1975 – Riona Hazuki, Japanese actress
  • 1975 – Samer el Nahhal, Finnish musician (Lordi)
  • 1975 – Lil’ Kim, American rapper
  • 1976 – Eduardo Nájera, Mexican-born basketball player
  • 1977 – Brandon Short, American football player
  • 1980 – T.J. Wilson, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Carla Campbell, Jamaican model
  • 1981 – Andre Johnson, American football player
  • 1981 – Aaron Proctor, American professional wrestling promoter & politician
  • 1982 – Chris Cooley, American football player
  • 1983 – Kelly Poon, Singaporean singer
  • 1983 – Evan Roberts, American radio broadcaster
  • 1983 – Marie Serneholt, Swedish musician (A*Teens)
  • 1984 – Yorman Bazardo, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1984 – Tanith Belbin, Canadian ice dancer
  • 1984 – Hitomi Hyuga, Japanese actress
  • 1984 – Rachael Taylor, Australian actress
  • 1985 – Aki Maeda, Japanese actress
  • 1986 – Yoann Gourcuff, French footballer
  • 1986 – Ryan Jarvis, English footballer
  • 1987 – Shigeaki Kato, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS (band))
  • 1989 – David Henrie, American Actor
  • 1990 – Caroline Wozniacki, Danish tennis player
  • 1990 – Connor Paolo, Actor

July 11 – Deaths:

  • 472 – Anthemius, Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
  • 937 – King Rudolph II of Burgundy
  • 969 – Olga of Kiev
  • 1174 – King Amalric I of Jerusalem (b. 1136)
  • 1183 – Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1302 – Robert II of Artois, French soldier (b. 1250)
  • 1535 – Elector Joachim I of Brandenburg (b. 1484)
  • 1581 – Peder Skram, Danish senator and naval hero
  • 1679 – William Chamberlayne, English poet (b. 1619)
  • 1688 – King Narai of Siam (b. 1629)
  • 1766 – Elizabeth Farnese, wife of Philip V of Spain (b. 1692)
  • 1774 – Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, Irish-born New York pioneer
  • 1775 – Simon Boerum, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1797 – Ienachita Vacarescu, Wallachian writer (b. 1740)
  • 1806 – James Smith, American signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • 1825 – Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)
  • 1844 – Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (b. 1800)
  • 1909 – Simon Newcomb, American astronomer and mathematician (b. 1835)
  • 1929 – William Mosforth, English footballer (b. 1857)
  • 1920 – Empress Eugénie de Montijo of France (b. 1826)
  • 1936 – James Murray, American actor (b. 1901)
  • 1937 – George Gershwin, American composer (b. 1898)
  • 1959 – Charlie Parker, English cricketer (b. 1882)
  • 1966 – Delmore Schwartz, American poet (b. 1913)
  • 1967 – Guy Favreau, French Canadian lawyer, politician and judge (b. 1917)
  • 1971 – John W. Campbell, American writer and editor (b. 1910)
  • 1971 – Pedro Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (b. 1940)
  • 1974 – Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Claude Wagner, French Canadian judge and politician (b. 1925)
  • 1983 – Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian writer (b. 1915)
  • 1987 – Avi Ran, Israeli footballer (b. 1963)
  • 1989 – Sir Laurence Olivier, English stage and screen actor (b. 1907)
  • 1991 – Hitoshi Igarashi, English-Japanese translator of The Satanic Verses (b. 1947)
  • 1994 – Gary Kildall, American computer programmer (b. 1942)
  • 1994 – Savannah, American porn star (b. 1970)
  • 1999 – Helen Forrest, American singer (b. 1917)
  • 2000 – Pedro Mir, Dominican poet (b. 1913)
  • 2000 – Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Herman Brood, Dutch singer and artist (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Laurance Rockefeller, American conservationist and philanthropist (b. 1910)
  • 2005 – Gretchen Franklin, English actress (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Frances Langford, American actress and singer (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Jesús Iglesias, Argentine professional racing driver (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – John Spencer, English snooker player (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Ed Mirvish, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1914)

July 11 – Holidays:

  • United Nations – World Population Day
  • Mongolia – Naadam Holiday
  • China – China National Maritime Day
  • Feast Day of Saint Olga (first Russian Saint)
  • Feast Day of Saint Benedict (founder of the Benedictine Order)
  • Bonfire night in Northern Ireland, precursor to The Twelfth

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On This Day in History July 10

July 10 – Events:

  • 48 BC – Battle of Dyrrhachium, Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
  • 988 – The City of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey.
  • 1212 – The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
  • 1460 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick defeats the king’s Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.
  • 1553 – Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England.
  • 1584 – William I of Orange was assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.
  • 1645 – English Civil War: Battle of Langport.
  • 1778 – American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1789 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches Mackenzie River Delta.
  • 1796 – Carl Friedrich Gauss discovered that every positive integer can be represented as a sum of at most three triangular numbers.
  • 1800 – The British Indian Government established Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of the sub continent.
  • 1806 – The Vellore Mutiny was the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
  • 1821 – The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain.
  • 1832 – President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.
  • 1850 – Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States upon the death of President Zachary Taylor, 16 months into his term.
  • 1877 – The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
  • 1890 – Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
  • 1913 – Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
  • 1925 – The Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS), the official news agency of the Soviet Union , is established.
  • 1925 – Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers still observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
  • 1925 – Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called “Monkey Trial” begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of a state law against it.
  • 1938 – Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91 hour airplane flight around the world.
  • 1940 – World War II: Vichy France government established.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain – The German Luftwaffe begin to hit British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle.
  • 1941 – Jedwabne Pogrom was a massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.
  • 1942 – The diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1943 – World War II: The launching of Operation Husky begins the Italian Campaign.
  • 1947 – Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee.
  • 1951 – Korean War: At Kaesong, armistice negotiations begin.
  • 1958 – Alaska, highest tsunami wave ever recorded at Lituya Bay, at 524 m high.
  • 1962 – Telstar, the world’s first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
  • 1967 – Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1968 – Maurice Couve de Murville becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1973 – The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1973 – National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on Bangladesh recognition.
  • 1976 – The Seveso Disaster occurs in Italy.
  • 1976 – One US and three UK mercenaries executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
  • 1978 – World News Tonight premieres on ABC.
  • 1978 – Mauritania, President Moktar Ould Daddah is ousted in a bloodless coup.
  • 1985 – Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland, New Zealand Harbor by French DGSE agents.
  • 1991 – Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected President of Russia.
  • 1991 – South African cricket team readmitted into the International Cricket Council (ICC) following the end of Apartheid.
  • 1992 – In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
  • 1997 – London, scientists report their DNA analysis findings from a Neandertal skeleton which support the out of Africa theory of human evolution placing an “African Eve” at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
  • 1997 – Spain, Partido Popular member Miguel Ángel Blanco is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
  • 2000 – A leaking southern Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers scavenging gasoline.
  • 2000 – EADS, the world’s second largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.
  • 2002 – At a Sotheby’s auction, Peter Paul Rubens’ painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Lord Kenneth Thomson.
  • 2003 – A Neoplan bus, owned by Kowloon Motor Bus, collides with a truck, falls off a bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunges into the underlying valley, killing 21 people. This is the deadliest traffic accident to date in Hong Kong.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle causing billions of dollars in damage.

July 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1419 – Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (d. 1471)
  • 1452 – King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
  • 1509 – John Calvin, French religious reformer (d. 1564)
  • 1517 – Odet de Coligny, French cardinal and Protestant (d. 1571)
  • 1592 – Pierre d’Hozier, French historian (d. 1660)
  • 1614 – Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (d. 1686)
  • 1625 – Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (d. 1703)
  • 1638 – David Teniers III, Flemish painter (d. 1685)
  • 1666 – John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (d. 1711)
  • 1682 – Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India (d. 1719)
  • 1682 – Roger Cotes, English mathematician (d. 1716)
  • 1711 – Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain (d. 1783)
  • 1723 – William Blackstone, English jurist (d. 1780)
  • 1736 – Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (d. 1807)
  • 1792 – George Mifflin Dallas, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and the 11th Vice President of the United States (d. 1864)
  • 1809 – Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist (d. 1889)
  • 1830 – Camille Pissarro, French painter (d. 1903)
  • 1832 – Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (d. 1897)
  • 1834 – James McNeil Whistler, American painter (d. 1903)
  • 1835 – Henryk Wieniawski, Polish composer (d. 1880)
  • 1839 – Adolphus Busch, German-born brewer (d. 1913)
  • 1856 – Nikola Tesla, Serb-American inventor (d. 1943)
  • 1867 – Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1871 – Marcel Proust, French writer (d. 1922)
  • 1874 – Sergey Konenkov, Russian painter (d. 1971)
  • 1875 – Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (d. 1955)
  • 1883 – Johannes Blaskowitz, German general (d. 1948)
  • 1888 – Giorgio de Chirico, Italian painter (d. 1978)
  • 1895 – Carl Orff, German composer (d. 1982)
  • 1896 – Thérèse Casgrain, French Canadian politician and senator (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Karl Plagge, German officer (d. 1957)
  • 1899 – John Gilbert, American actor (d. 1936)
  • 1899 – Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (d. 1978)
  • 1900 – Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Mitchell Parish, American lyricist (d. 1993)
  • 1902 – Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1903 – John Wyndham, British author (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Werner Best, German jurist and nazi leader (d. 1989)
  • 1905 – Thomas Gomez, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1905 – Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician (d. 1948)
  • 1913 – Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet (d. 1985)
  • 1914 – Joe Shuster, Canadian-born cartoonist (d. 1992)
  • 1917 – Don Herbert aka “Mr. Wizard,” American television host (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – David Brinkley, American television reporter (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1921 – Harvey Ball, American inventor (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Jake LaMotta, American boxer
  • 1921 – Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist
  • 1923 – Earl Hamner Jr., American author and television producer
  • 1923 – Jean Kerr, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Bobo Brazil, professional wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Mahathir bin Mohamad, fourth Malaysian Prime Minister
  • 1926 – Fred Gwynne, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician
  • 1927 – Suzanne Cloutier, Canadian film actor (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar
  • 1928 – Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentine-Italian racing driver and car manufacturer (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Bernard Buffet, French painter (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Winnie Ewing, Scottish politician
  • 1931 – Nick Adams, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1931 – Alice Munro, Canadian writer
  • 1932 – Carlo Mario Abate, Italian racing driver
  • 1934 – Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer
  • 1935 – Tura Satana, American actress
  • 1938 – Paul Andreu, French architect
  • 1939 – Ahmet Taner Kislali, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator (d. 1999)
  • 1940 – Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur
  • 1940 – Helen Donath, American soprano
  • 1941 – David G. Hartwell, American editor and anthologist
  • 1941 – Ian Whitcomb, English songwriter, entertainer and producer
  • 1942 – Ronnie James Dio, American musician (d. 2010)
  • 1942 – Pyotr Klimuk, cosmonaut
  • 1943 – Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (d. 1993)
  • 1945 – John Motson, British sports (football) commentator
  • 1945 – Jean-Marie Poiré, French film director
  • 1945 – Virginia Wade, British tennis player
  • 1945 – Ron Glass, American actor
  • 1945 – Peter Michalica, Slovak violinist
  • 1946 – Sue Lyon, American actress
  • 1947 – Arlo Guthrie, American musician
  • 1949 – Sunil Gavaskar, Indian cricketer
  • 1949 – John Whitehead, American singer, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1950 – Greg Kihn, American musician
  • 1950 – Prokopis Pavlopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1951 – Cheryl Wheeler, American singer and songwriter
  • 1952 – Ludmilla Tourischeva, Russian gymnast
  • 1952 – Kim Mitchell, Canadian guitarist/singer
  • 1952 – Peter van Heemst, Dutch politician
  • 1953 – Zoogz Rift, singer/songwriter and wrestling booker
  • 1953 – Rik Emmett, Canadian musician (Triumph)
  • 1954 – Neil Tennant, British musician (Pet Shop Boys)
  • 1954 – Andre Dawson, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Tom McClintock, American politician
  • 1957 – Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war/political activist
  • 1958 – Béla Fleck, American musician
  • 1961 – Jacky Cheung, Hong Kong singer and actor
  • 1964 – Urban Meyer, American football coach
  • 1965 – Alec Mapa, Filipino-American actor and comedian
  • 1965 – Ken Mellons, American singer
  • 1965 – Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark
  • 1966 – Johnny Grunge, wrestler (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Tom Meents, American Professional monster truck driver
  • 1968 – Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete
  • 1969 – Gale Harold, American actor
  • 1969 – Alexandra Hedison, American actress
  • 1970 – Helen Sjöholm, Swedish singer and actress
  • 1970 – Gary LeVox, American singer (Rascal Flatts)
  • 1970 – Jason Orange, UK pop singer and dancer (Take That)
  • 1970 – John Simm, British actor
  • 1971 – Gregory Goodridge, Barbadian footballer
  • 1972 – Sofia Vergara, Colombian actress
  • 1974 – Chiwetel Ejiofor, English actor
  • 1975 – Alain Nasreddine, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Stefán Karl Stefánsson, Icelandic actor
  • 1976 – Elijah Blue Allman, American musician (Deadsy)
  • 1976 – Adrian Grenier, American actor
  • 1976 – Ludovic Giuly, French footballer
  • 1976 – Brendon Lade, Australian rules footballer
  • 1976 – Edmílson Gomes, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978 – Jesse Lacey, American musician (Brand New)
  • 1979 – Mvondo Atangana, Cameroon footballer
  • 1980 – Thomas Ian Nicholas, American actor
  • 1980 – Alejandro Millán, Mexican singer and songwriter
  • 1980 – Adam Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000)
  • 1980 – Jessica Simpson, American singer
  • 1980 – Orlando Jordan, American wrestler
  • 1982 – Alex Arrowsmith, American musician
  • 1982 – Sebastian Mila, Polish footballer
  • 1984 – Maria Julia Mantilla Garcia, Miss World 2004

July 10 – Deaths:

  • 138 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor (b. 76)
  • 649 – Li Shimin, Emperor of China (b.599)
  • 1099 – El Cid, of Castile (b. 1044)
  • 1103 – King Eric I of Denmark
  • 1290 – King Ladislaus IV of Hungary (b. 1262)
  • 1460 – Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English military leader (b. 1402)
  • 1480 – King René I of Naples (b. 1410)
  • 1559 – King Henry II of France (b. 1519)
  • 1584 – William I of Orange (b. 1533)
  • 1590 – Archduke Charles II of Austria (b. 1540)
  • 1594 – Paolo Bellasio, Italian composer (b. 1554)
  • 1621 – Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (b. 1571)
  • 1653 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
  • 1680 – Louis Moréri, French encyclopedist (b. 1643)
  • 1683 – François-Eudes de Mézeray, French historian (b. 1610)
  • 1686 – John Fell, English churchman (b. 1625)
  • 1776 – Richard Peters, English-born clergyman (b. 1704)
  • 1806 – George Stubbs, British painter (b. 1724)
  • 1851 – Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (b. 1787)
  • 1881 – Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)
  • 1884 – Paul Morphy, American chess player (b. 1837)
  • 1908 – Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (b. 1839)
  • 1920 – Jackie Fisher, British admiral (b. 1841)
  • 1941 – Jelly Roll Morton, American musician (b. 1890)
  • 1954 – Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1877)
  • 1963 – Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster and rugby union player (b. 1893)
  • 1970 – Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (b. 1908)
  • 1972 – Lovie Austin, American jazz pianist (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – John D Rockefeller III, American businessman (b. 1906)
  • 1978 – Joe Davis, English snooker player (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Ken Rex McElroy, American hog rustler (b. 1936)
  • 1987 – John H. Hammond, American record producer (b. 1910)
  • 1989 – Mel Blanc, American voice actor (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Vakkom Majeed, Indian Freedom fighter, Travancore-Cochin Legislative member (b. 1909)
  • 2000 – Justin Pierce, English-American actor and skateboarder (b. 1975)
  • 2002 – Jean-Pierre Côté, French Canadian politician and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Winston Graham, English writer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Hartley Shawcross, British prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Bishnu Maden, Nepalese politician
  • 2005 – A.J. Quinnell, English writer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Freda Wright-Sorce, American radio performer (b. 1955)
  • 2005 – Freddy Soto, American comedian and actor (b. 1970)
  • 2005- Jimmy Franklin and Bobby Younkin, airshow performers
  • 2006 – Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Abdul Rashid Ghazi, radical Pakistani cleric (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Doug Marlette, American cartoonist (b. 1949)

July 10 – Holidays:

  • Bahamas – Independence Day.
  • Silence Day – celebrated by followers of Meher Baba.
  • Mauritania – Armed Forces Day.

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On This Day in History July 9

July 9 – Events:

  • 455 – Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 1357 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
  • 1540 – Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
  • 1541 – Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to assist the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire.
  • 1755 – French and Indian War: Braddock Expedition – British troops and colonial militiamen are ambushed and suffer a devastating defeat by French and Native American forces.
  • 1789 – In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
  • 1790 – Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund -In the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet.
  • 1793 – Act Against Slavery passed in Upper Canada and importation of slaves into Lower Canada is prohibited.
  • 1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1815 – Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain.
  • 1846 – By an Act of Congress, the Washington, DC area south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia.
  • 1850 – President Zachary Taylor dies and Millard Fillmore becomes the 13th President of the United States.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Port Hudson ends.
  • 1867 – An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young set out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish Missionary and explorer).
  • 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified guaranteeing black Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
  • 1875 – The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • 1900 – Queen Victoria gives royal assent to an act creating the Commonwealth of Australia thus uniting separate colonies on the continent under one federal government.
  • 1918 – Great train wreck of 1918: In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express killing 101 and injuring 171 people, making it the deadliest rail accident in United States history.
  • 1921 – Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar delivered his famous speech at Khilafat Conference, Karachi.
  • 1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking a world swimming record and the ‘minute barrier.’
  • 1943 – World War II: Operation Husky – Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Normandy – British and Canadian forces capture Caen, France.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan – Americans take Saipan.
  • 1955 – The Russell-Einstein Manifesto was released by Bertrand Russell in London.
  • 1975 – The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that will pave way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system.
  • 1979 – A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed “Nazi hunters” Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.
  • 1981 – Senegalese political parties Party of Independence and Work (PIT) and Democratic League – Movement for the Labour Party (LD-MPT) legally recognized.
  • 1982 – A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 759 crashes in Kenner, Louisiana killing all 146 people on board and eight others on the ground.
  • 1984 – York Minster was struck by a lightning bolt, the resulting fire rampaged through most of the building. However, the cathedral valuables were rescued by clergymen and the “Rose Window” was not affected.
  • 1986 – The New Zealand Parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Act legalizing homosexuality in New Zealand.
  • 1989 – Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.
  • 1991 – South Africa is reintroduced into the Olympic movement after 30 years of exclusion.
  • 1999 – Days of student protests begins after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory of University of Tehran.
  • 2002 – The African Union was established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman was Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
  • 2006 – At least 122 people are killed after a Sibir Airlines Airbus A310 passenger jet, carrying 200 passengers on board veers off the runway while landing at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia in wet conditions.

July 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1571)
  • 1577 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English Jamestown colonist (d. 1618)
  • 1578 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1637)
  • 1654 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (d. 1732)
  • 1686 – Philip Livingston, American politician (d. 1749)
  • 1689 – Alexis Piron, French writer (d. 1773)
  • 1721 – Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (d. 1781)
  • 1753 – William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
  • 1764 – Ann Radcliffe, English writer (d. 1823)
  • 1775 – Matthew Lewis, English novelist (d. 1818)
  • 1786 – Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France (d. 1787)
  • 1800 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (d. 1885)
  • 1808 – Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (d. 1887)
  • 1819 – Elias Howe, American inventor (d. 1867)
  • 1828 – Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman (d. 1913)
  • 1836 – Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
  • 1836 – Camille de Renesse, Belgian count (d. 1904)
  • 1848 – Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
  • 1858 – Franz Boas, German anthropologist (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer (d. 1936)
  • 1879 – Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (d. 1934)
  • 1889 – Leo Dandurand, American-born Canadian hockey executive (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – George Geary, English cricketer (d. 1981)
  • 1894 – Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1901 – Dame Barbara Cartland, English novelist (d. 2000)
  • 1905 – Clarence Campbell, Canadian hockey executive (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1911 – Mervyn Peake, British writer and illustrator (d. 1968)
  • 1911 – John A. Wheeler, American physicist
  • 1915 – David Diamond, American composer (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Sir Dean Goffin, New Zealand composer (d. 1984)
  • 1916 – Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Jarl Wahlström, the 12th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1999)
  • 1925 – Guru Dutt, legendary Bollywood director, producer and actor
  • 1926 – Ben Roy Mottelson, American-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Ed Ames, American singer and actor
  • 1927 – Susan Cabot, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1927 – Red Kelly, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1928 – Federico Bahamontes, Spanish cyclist
  • 1928 – Vince Edwards, American actor, director and singer (d. 1996)
  • 1929 – King Hassan II of Morocco, (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Lee Hazlewood, American country singer, songwriter and producer (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Jesse McReynolds, American singer and mandolinist
  • 1930 – Buddy Bregman, American musical arranger and conductor
  • 1930 – Roy McLean, South African cricketer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Donald Rumsfeld, 13th & 21st United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1935 – Wim Duisenberg, Dutch economist and politician (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Michael Williams, English actor (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Floyd Abrams, First Amendment attorney and advocate
  • 1936 – June Jordan, American writer and teacher (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Andre Pronovost, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1937 – David Hockney, English artist
  • 1938 – Brian Dennehy, American actor
  • 1942 – Richard Roundtree, American actor
  • 1942 – Edy Williams, American actress
  • 1943 – John Casper, astronaut
  • 1945 – Dean R. Koontz, American author
  • 1945 – Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (d. 1993)
  • 1946 – Natasha Pyne, English actress
  • 1946 – Bon Scott, Australian singer (AC/DC) (d. 1980)
  • 1947 – Haruomi Hosono, Japanese musician
  • 1947 – Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (Jimi Hendrix Experience)
  • 1947 – O.J. Simpson, American football player and actor
  • 1948 – Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian current foreign minister
  • 1950 – Viktor Yanukovych, Prime Minister of Ukraine
  • 1951 – Chris Cooper, American actor
  • 1952 – John Tesh, American composer
  • 1953 – Thomas Ligotti, American author
  • 1953 – Margie Gillis, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1955 – Fred Norris, American radio personality
  • 1955 – Jimmy Smits, American actor
  • 1955 – Willie Wilson, American baseball player
  • 1955 – Steve Coppell, English football player and manager
  • 1956 – Marc Almond, British singer
  • 1956 – Tom Hanks, American actor
  • 1957 – Kelly McGillis, American actress
  • 1957 – Tim Kring, American writer and producer
  • 1959 – Jim Kerr, Scottish singer (Simple Minds)
  • 1959 – Kevin Nash, American professional wrestler
  • 1959 – Clive Stafford Smith, British human rights lawyer
  • 1960 – Marc Mero, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Courtney Love, American musician
  • 1964 – Gianluca Vialli, Italian football player
  • 1965 – Frank Bello, American musician (Anthrax)
  • 1965 – David O’Hara, Irish-Scottish actor
  • 1965 – Jason Rhoades, American installation artist (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Gunnar Axén, Swedish politician
  • 1968 – Paolo Di Canio, Italian football player
  • 1968 – Lars Gyllenhaal, Swedish author
  • 1969 – Jason Kearton, Australian former footballer
  • 1969 – Mark Lui, Hong Kong composer and producer
  • 1970 – Trent Green, American footballer
  • 1970 – Masami Tsuda, manga author
  • 1971 – Marc Andreessen, American software developer
  • 1971 – Dani Behr, Model & TV Presenter
  • 1973 – Kelly Holcomb, American football player
  • 1974 – Nikola Sarcevic, Swedish bassist and singer (Millencolin)
  • 1975 – Jack White, American musician (The White Stripes}
  • 1975 – Shelton Benjamin, American professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Fred Savage, American actor
  • 1976 – Jochem Uytdehaage, Dutch speed skater
  • 1977 – Isaac Brock, American musician
  • 1978 – Linda Park, Korean-born actress
  • 1978 – Mark Medlock, German singer
  • 1979 – Ella Koon, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1979 – Suzanne Stokes American model, (Playmate of the Month February 2000)
  • 1981 – Kimveer Gill, Canadian spree shooter (Dawson College shooting) (d. 2006)
  • 1982 – Ashly DelGrosso, American ballroom dancer
  • 1982 – Alecko Eskandarian, Armenian-American footballer
  • 1982 – Maggie Ma, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Sakon Yamamoto, Japanese race car driver
  • 1983 – Lucia Micarelli, American musician
  • 1984 – Jacob Hoggard, singer of Canadian band Hedley
  • 1985 – Ashley Young, English footballer
  • 1986 – Kiely Williams, American singer and actress
  • 1991 – Mitchel Musso, American actor
  • 1994 – Akiane Kramarik, American painter and poet
  • 1995 – Georgie Henley, English actress

July 9 – Deaths:

  • 518 – Anastasius I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 430)
  • 1228 – Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1386 – Leopold III of Austria (b. 1351)
  • 1553 – Maurice, Elector of Saxony (b. 1521)
  • 1654 – Ferdinand IV of Germany (b. 1633)
  • 1706 – Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville, French Canadian sailor and explorer (b. 1661)
  • 1737 – Gian Gastone de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1671)
  • 1742 – John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
  • 1746 – Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
  • 1747 – Giovanni Bononcini, Italian composer (b. 1670)
  • 1766 – Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (b. 1720)
  • 1795 – Henry Seymour Conway, British general and statesman (b. 1721)
  • 1797 – Edmund Burke, British philosopher and statesman (b. 1729)
  • 1850 – Báb, Persian founder of the Bábi Faith (b. 1819)
  • 1850 – Zachary Taylor, 12th President of the United States (b. 1784)
  • 1852 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American politician (b. 1794)
  • 1855 – Lord Raglan Commander of the British forces during the Crimean War
  • 1856 – Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist (b. 1776)
  • 1856 – James Strang, Mormon splinter group leader (b. 1813)
  • 1880 – Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
  • 1882 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero
  • 1903 – Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist (b. 1842)
  • 1927 – John Drew Jr., American actor (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – King C. Gillette, American inventor (b. 1885)
  • 1937 – Oliver Law, first African-American commander of U.S. troops (b. 1899)
  • 1938 – Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (b. 1870)
  • 1947 – Lucjan Zeligowski, Polish general (b. 1865)
  • 1949 – Fritz Bennicke Hart, English-born Australian composer (b. 1874)
  • 1951 – Harry Heilmann, American Baseball player (b. 1894)
  • 1955 – Don Beauman, British racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1967 – Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (b. 1874)
  • 1972 – Robert Weede, American baritone (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – Earl Warren, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1891)
  • 1979 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author (b. 1899)
  • 1980 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and lyricist (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish founder of Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – Eric Sevareid, American reporter (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Bill Mosienko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – Melvin Belli, American attorney (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Robert de Cotret, Canadian politician (b. 1944)
  • 2000 – Doug Fisher, English actor (b. 1941)
  • 2002 – Laurence Janifer, American writer (b. 1933)
  • 2002 – Rod Steiger, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Chuck Cadman, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Paul Klebnikov, American journalist (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Isabel Sanford, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Yevgenij Grishin, Russian speed skater (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Milan Williams, American musician (The Commodores) (b. 1948)
  • 2007 – Charles Lane, American actor (b. 1905)

July 9 – Holidays:

  • Roman festival – Caprotinia, or feasts of Juno Caprotina.
  • Argentina – Independence Day.
  • São Paulo (state) – Constitutional Revolution of 1932.
  • Palau – Constitution Day.

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On This Day in History July 8

July 8 – Events:

  • 1099 – First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
  • 1283 – War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta
  • 1497 – Vasco da Gama sets sail on first direct European voyage to India.
  • 1579 – Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
  • 1663 – Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.
  • 1680 – The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1709 – Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava: Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava thus effectively ending Sweden’s role as a major power in Europe.
  • 1716 – Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen
  • 1758 – French forces hold Fort Carillon against British at Ticonderoga, New York.
  • 1760 – French and Indian War: Battle of Restigouche – British defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.
  • 1775 – The Olive Branch Petition is adopted by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.
  • 1776 – The Declaration of Independence was read aloud in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1822 – Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
  • 1859 – King Charles XV / Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1864 – The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi’s planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya, this event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • 1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.
  • 1889 – The first issue of the Wall Street Journal is published.
  • 1892 – St. John’s, Newfoundland was devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
  • 1896 – William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetalism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
  • 1898 – The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
  • 1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, bottoming out at 41.22.
  • 1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico.
  • 1966 – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi was deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
  • 1969 – IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.
  • 1977 – The ashes of Ahn Eak-tai, a Korean composer and conductor, were transferred from the island of Majorca to the Korean National Cemetery.
  • 1982 – Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized.
  • 1992 – Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities.
  • 1997 – NATO invites the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to join the alliance in 1999.
  • 1999 – Allen Lee Davis is executed by electrocution by the state of Florida, the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in Florida.
  • 2003 – Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old child.

July 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1528 – Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (d. 1580)
  • 1545 – Don Carlos of Spain (d. 1568)
  • 1593 – Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter (d. 1653)
  • 1621 – Jean de la Fontaine, French writer (d. 1695)
  • 1760 – Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
  • 1766 – Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1792 – Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1819 – Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
  • 1830 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • 1830 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)
  • 1836 – Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (d. 1914)
  • 1838 – Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin, German inventor (d. 1917)
  • 1839 – John D. Rockefeller, American businessman (d. 1937)
  • 1851 – Arthur Evans, English archaeologist (d. 1941)
  • 1857 – Alfred Binet, French psychologist (d. 1911)
  • 1867 – Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (d. 1945)
  • 1878 – Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Percy Grainger, Australian composer (d. 1961)
  • 1885 – Ernst Bloch, German philosopher (d. 1977)
  • 1892 – Richard Aldington, English poet (d. 1962)
  • 1892 – Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1895 – Igor Tamm, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1898 – Melville Ruick, American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Henri Cartan, French mathematician
  • 1905 – Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Philip Johnson, American architect (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – George W. Romney, American businessman and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Louis Jordan, American saxophonist (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Nelson A. Rockefeller, 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)
  • 1914 – Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • 1914 – Billy Eckstine, American jazz singer (d. 1993)
  • 1917 – Faye Emerson, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1918 – Craig Stevens, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Walter Scheel, German politician
  • 1920 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish industrialist (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Harrison Dillard, American athlete
  • 1924 – Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Maurice Hayes, Irish politician
  • 1932 – Jerry Vale, American singer
  • 1933 – Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Antonio Lamer, French Canadian lawyer and chief justice
  • 1934 – Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician
  • 1935 – Steve Lawrence, American entertainer and singer
  • 1935 – Vitali Sevastyanov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1941 – Dario Gradi, Italian-born football manager
  • 1942 – Phil Gramm, American politician
  • 1944 – Jai Johanny Johanson, American musician (The Allman Brothers Band)
  • 1944 – Jeffrey Tambor, American actor
  • 1945 – Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss female politician, president in 2007
  • 1947 – Kim Darby, American actress
  • 1947 – Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
  • 1948 – Raffi, Canadian children’s entertainer
  • 1949 – Frank Delima, American comedian
  • 1949 – Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef
  • 1951 – Anjelica Huston, American actress
  • 1952 – Jack Lambert, American football player
  • 1952 – Anna Quindlen, American columnist
  • 1955 – Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress
  • 1956 – Terry Puhl, Canadian baseball player
  • 1957 – Aleksandr Gurnov, Russian television personality
  • 1957 – Carlos Cavazo, American musician (Quiet Riot)
  • 1958 – Kevin Bacon, American actor
  • 1958 – Neetu Singh, Indian Actress
  • 1958 – Andreas Carlgren, Swedish politician
  • 1959 – Robert Knepper, American actor
  • 1960 – Mal Meninga, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1961 – Toby Keith, American singer
  • 1961 – Andrew Fletcher, English musician (Depeche Mode)
  • 1962 – Joan Osborne, American singer and songwriter
  • 1964 – Linda de Mol, Dutch actress and host
  • 1967 – Jordan Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1968 – Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu
  • 1968 – Billy Crudup, American actor
  • 1968 – Michael Weatherly, American actor
  • 1969 – Sugizo Japanese guitarist and singer
  • 1970 – Beck, American singer
  • 1972 – Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
  • 1972 – Karl Dykhuis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Shosuke Tanihara, Japanese actor
  • 1973 – Kathleen Robertson, Canadian actress
  • 1974 – Zhanna Friske, Russian actress and singer
  • 1974 – Tami Erin, American actress and model
  • 1976 – Talal El Karkouri, Moroccan footballer
  • 1977 – Wang Zhizhi, Chinese basketball player
  • 1977 – Milo Ventimiglia, American actor
  • 1980 – Robbie Keane, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Anastasia Myskina, Russian tennis player
  • 1982 – Hakim Warrick, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Joshua Alba, American actor
  • 1982 – Sophia Bush, American actress
  • 1983 – Jaroslav Janiš, Czech racing car driver
  • 1983 – Elizabeth Del Mar, American pornographic actress
  • 1984 – Alexis Dziena, American actress
  • 1985 – Jamie Cook, Guitarist for Arctic Monkeys
  • 1986 – Renata Costa, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Vlada Roslyakova, Russian supermodel
  • 1998 – Jaden Smith, American actor

July 8 – Deaths:

  • 810 – Pepin, King of Italy (b. 773)
  • 975 – King Edgar of England
  • 1153 – Pope Eugene III
  • 1538 – Diego de Almagro, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
  • 1623 – Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554)
  • 1689 – Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
  • 1695 – Christiaan Huygens, Dutch scientist (b. 1629)
  • 1716 – Robert South, English churchman (b. 1634)
  • 1721 – Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)
  • 1726 – John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
  • 1784 – Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
  • 1822 – Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (b. 1792)
  • 1826 – Luther Martin, American statesman (b. 1748)
  • 1850 – Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
  • 1855 – Sir William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer (b. 1790)
  • 1859 – King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (b. 1799)
  • 1895 – Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
  • 1898 – Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
  • 1905 – Walter Kittredge, American musician (b. 1834)
  • 1913 – Louis Hémon, French-born writer (b. 1880)
  • 1917 – Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
  • 1930 – Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1856)
  • 1933 – Anthony Hope, British author (b. 1863)
  • 1934 – Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Havelock Ellis, British physician (b. 1859)
  • 1941 – Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
  • 1943 – Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader (b. 1899)
  • 1950 – Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1956 – Giovanni Papini, Italian essayist (b. 1881)
  • 1957 – Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (b. 1879)
  • 1967 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation (b. 1893)
  • 1967 – Vivien Leigh, English actress (b. 1913)
  • 1971 – Charlie Shavers, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1920)
  • 1973 – Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1979 – Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Robert B. Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1979 – Michael Wilding, English actor (b. 1912)
  • 1981 – Wild Bill Hallahan, American baseball player (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Ray Barbuti, American athlete (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Howard Duff, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – James Franciscus, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1994 – Kim Il-sung, North Korean leader (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Dick Sargent, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Pete Conrad, American astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – John O’Shea, New Zealand film director (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Ward Kimball, American animator (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)
  • 2004 – Jean Lefebvre, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – June Allyson, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Peter Hawkins, British actor/voice actor (b. 1924)

July 8 – Holidays:

  • Annual Soapy Smith wake, held each year in Skagway, Alaska in the Gold Rush Cemetery and in Hollywood, California at the Magic Castle

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