On This Day in History November 12

November 12 – Events:

  • 764 – Tibetan troops occupy Chang’an, the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, for fifteen days.
  • 1028 – Future Byzantine empress Zoe marries Romanus Argyrus according to the wishes of the dying Constantine VIII.
    • 1439 – Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
    • 1555 – The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
    • 1793 – Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
  • 1847 – Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
  • 1892 – William “Pudge” Heffelfinger becomes the first professional American football player, participating in his first paid game for the Allegheny Athletic Association.
  • 1893 – The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan – the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
  • 1905 – (November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
  • 1912 – The frozen bodies of Robert Scott and his men are found on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.
  • 1918 – Austria becomes a republic.
  • 1920 – Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo.
  • 1922 – The Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority is founded on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • 1927 – Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union.
  • 1933 – Hugh Gray takes the first known photos of the Loch Ness Monster.
  • 1936 – In California, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opens to traffic.
  • 1938 – Hermann Göring announces Nazi Germany plans to make Madagascar the “Jewish   Homeland”, an idea that actually was first considered by 19th century journalist Theodor Herzl.
  • 1941 – World War II: Temperatures around Moscow drop to -12 ° C and the Soviet Union launches ski troops for the first time against the freezing German forces near the city.
  • 1941 – The Soviet cruiser “Chervona Ukraina” is destroyed during the Battle of Sevastopol.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal between Japanese and American forces begins near Guadalcanal, which would last for three days.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Tromsø, Norway.
  • 1946 – A branch of the Exchange National Bank in Chicago, Illinois opens the first ten drive-up teller windows.
  • 1948 – In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese military and government officials to death, including General Hideki Tojo, for their roles in World War II.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre – Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story.
  • 1970 – The Oregon Highway Division attempts to destroy a rotting beached Sperm whale with explosives, leading to the now infamous exploding whale incident.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: As part of Vietnamization, US President Richard M. Nixon sets February 1, 1972 as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.
  • 1979 – Iran hostage crisis: In response to the hostage situation in Tehran, US President Jimmy Carter orders a halt to all petroleum imports into the United States from Iran.
  • 1980 – The NASA space probe Voyager I makes its closest approach to Saturn and takes first images of its rings.
  • 1981 – The Space Shuttle Columbia becomes the first spacecraft to be launched twice.
  • 1982 – In the Soviet Union, Yuri Andropov becomes the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party’s Central Committee, succeeding Leonid I. Brezhnev.
  • 1982 – Lech Walesa, a Solidarity leader, is released from a Polish prison after eleven months.
  • 1990 – Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.
  • 1990 – Tim Berners-Lee publishes a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
  • 1991 – Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.
  • 1993 – Decree of President of Kazakhstan “About introducing national currency of Republic of Kazakhstan” is issued.
  • 1996 – A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakh Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane collide in mid-air near New Delhi, killing 349.
  • 1997 – Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
  • 1998 – Then Vice President of the United States Al Gore symbolically signs the Kyoto Protocol.
  • 1998 – Daimler-Benz completes a merger with Chrysler to form Daimler-Chrysler.
  • 1999 – The Düzce earthquake strikes Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
  • 2001 – In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
  • 2001 – 2001 Attack on Afghanistan: Taliban forces abandon Kabul, Afghanistan, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops.
  • 2003 – Iraq war: In Nasiriya, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 Iraq war are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
  • 2003 – With 501 km/h (311 mph) Shanghai Transrapid sets up a new world record for commercial railway systems.
  • 2006 – The former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a referendum on independence from Georgia.

November 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1493 – Bartolommeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (d. 1560)
  • 1528 – Qi Jiguang, Chinese general (d. 1588)
  • 1547 – Claude of Valois, French princess (d. 1575)
  • 1606 – Jeanne Mance, French Canadian settler (d. 1673)
  • 1615 – Richard Baxter, English clergyman (d. 1691)
  • 1651 – Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican mystic and author (d. 1695)
  • 1729 – Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (d. 1811)
  • 1755 – Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (d. 1813)
  • 1795 – Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (d. 1856)
  • 1815 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American women’s rights activist (d. 1902)
  • 1817 – Bahá’u’lláh, Prophet Founder of the Bahá’í Faith (d. 1892)
  • 1833 – Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and chemist (d. 1887)
  • 1840 – Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (d. 1917)
  • 1842 – John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)
  • 1848 – Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1919)
  • 1850 – Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)
  • 1866 – Sun Yat-sen, 1st President of the Republic of China (d. 1925)
  • 1881 – Olev Siinmaa, Estonian architect (d. 1948)
  • 1881 – Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1886 – Ben Travers, British playwright (d. 1980)
  • 1889 – DeWitt Wallace, American magazine publisher (d. 1981)
  • 1896 – Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist (d. 1987)
  • 1898 – Leon Štukelj, Slovene gymnast (d. 1999)
  • 1903 – Jack Oakie, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1908 – Harry Blackmun, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1999)
  • 1908 – Amon Göth, commandant of Nazi concentration camp (d. 1946)
  • 1911 – Buck Clayton, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1991)
  • 1915 – Roland Barthes, French critic and writer (d. 1980)
  • 1916 – Jean Papineau-Couture, French Canadian composer (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Paul Emery, British racing driver (d. 1993)
  • 1917 – Jo Stafford, American singer
  • 1920 – Richard Quine, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1922 – Kim Hunter, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Vicco von Bülow, German film director
  • 1924 – Sam Jones, jazz bassist (d. 1981)
  • 1927 – Yutaka Taniyama, Japanese mathematician (d. 1958)
  • 1929 – Michael Ende, German writer (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Princess Grace of Monaco (née Grace Patricia Kelly) (d. 1982)
  • 1930 – Ann Flood, American actress
  • 1931 – Bob Crewe, American songwriter and producer (The Four Seasons)
  • 1934 – Charles Manson, American cult leader
  • 1936 – Mills Lane, American judge and boxing referee
  • 1936 – Mort Shuman, American songwriter and singer (d. 1991)
  • 1938 – Denis DeJordy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1939 – Ruby Nash Curtis, American singer (Ruby & the Romantics)
  • 1939 – Lucia Popp, Slovakian soprano (d. 1993)
  • 1940 – Michel Audet, Quebec economist and politician
  • 1940 – Jürgen Todenhöfer, German politician
  • 1943 – Brian Hyland, American singer
  • 1943 – Wallace Shawn, American actor and playwright
  • 1944 – Booker T. Jones, American musician and songwriter (Booker T and the MG’s)
  • 1944 – Al Michaels, American television sportscaster
  • 1945 – Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author
  • 1945 – Neil Young, Canadian singer and musician
  • 1947 – Ron Bryant, American baseball player
  • 1947 – Patrice Leconte, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Donald Roeser (aka Buck Dharma), American Musician (Blue Öyster Cult)
  • 1948 – Cliff Harris, American football player
  • 1949 – Ron Lapointe, French Canadian ice hockey coach (d. 1992)
  • 1953 – Vasilis Karras, Greek singer
  • 1958 – Nick Stellino, Italian-American television chef
  • 1958 – Megan Mullally, American actress
  • 1959 – Vincent Irizarry, American actor
  • 1960 – Maurane, Belgian singer
  • 1961 – Nadia Comaneci, Romanian gymnast
  • 1961 – Enzo Francescoli, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1961 – Jonathan Nossiter, American film director
  • 1961 – Michaela Paetsch, American violinist
  • 1962 – Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist
  • 1962 – Mark Hunter, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Brix Smith, American musician and songwriter (The Fall, The Adult Net)
  • 1962 – Mariella Frostrup, Norwegian born journalist and television presenter
  • 1963 – Susumu Terajima, Japanese actor
  • 1964 – David Ellefson, American musician (Megadeth)
  • 1965 – Lex Lang, American voice actor
  • 1967 – Michael Moorer, American boxer
  • 1967 – Grant Nicholas, British singer (Feeder)
  • 1968 – Glenn Gilberti, American professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Aya Hisakawa, Japanese voice actress/singer
  • 1968 – Sammy Sosa, Dominican Major League Baseball player
  • 1968 – Aaron Stainthorpe, British singer (My Dying Bride)
  • 1969 – Ian Bremmer, American political scientist
  • 1969 – Jason Cundy, English footballer and broadcaster
  • 1969 – Johnny Gosch, American kidnap victim
  • 1969 – Kathleen Hanna, American singer and songwriter
  • 1970 – Donna Adamo, American female professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Tonya Harding, American figure skater
  • 1970 – Craig Parker, New Zealand actor
  • 1970 – Harvey Stephens, British child actor
  • 1972 – Vassilis Tsiartas, Greek footballer
  • 1973 – Mayte Garcia, American dancer
  • 1973 – Radha Mitchell, Australian actress
  • 1973 – Tara Strong, Canadian voice actress
  • 1974 – Tamala Jones, American actress
  • 1975 – Nina Brosh, Israeli model and actress
  • 1975 – Angela Watson, American actress
  • 1976 – Tevin Campbell, American R&B musician
  • 1976 – Judith Holofernes, German singer (Wir sind Helden)
  • 1976 – Miroslaw Szymkowiak, Polish footballer
  • 1977 – Dalene Kurtis, American Playboy model
  • 1977 – Benni McCarthy, South African footballer
  • 1978 – Andrew Kinlochan, English singer and musician
  • 1978 – Alexandra Maria Lara, German Romanian actress
  • 1978 – Ashley Williams, American actress
  • 1979 – Matt Cappotelli, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Corey Maggette, American professional basketball player
  • 1979 – Cote de Pablo, Chilean actress
  • 1980 – Trent Acid, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor
  • 1981 – DJ Campbell, English football player
  • 1982 – Anne Hathaway, American actress
  • 1983 – Carlton Cole, football player
  • 1984 – Omarion, American R&B musician
  • 1984 – Sandara Park, South Korean actor
  • 1984 – Natalia Tena, English actress
  • 1986 – Evan Yo, Taiwanese pop singer
  • 1987 – Bryan Little, Canadian ice hockey player

November 12 – Deaths:

  • 607 – Pope Boniface III
  • 1035 – Canute the Great
  • 1094 – King Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
  • 1434 – King Louis III of Naples
  • 1555 – Stephen Gardiner, English statesman
  • 1567 – Anne de Montmorency, Constable of France (b. 1493)
  • 1595 – John Hawkins, English shipbuilder and trader (b. 1532)
  • 1606 – St. Nicholas Owen (martyr), one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
  • 1667 – Hans Nansen, Danish statesman (b. 1598)
  • 1671 – Thomas Fairfax, English Civil War general (b. 1612)
  • 1742 – Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1757 – Colley Cibber, English poet (b. 1671)
  • 1836 – Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (b. 1810)
  • 1916 – Percival Lowell, American amateur astronomer, founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona (b. 1855)
  • 1939 – Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor and humanitarian (b. 1890)
  • 1941 – Abe “Kid Twist” Reles, American mobster (b. 1907)
  • 1944 – Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (b. 1876)
  • 1948 – Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (b. 1867)
  • 1955 – Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (b. 1878)
  • 1965 – Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader (b. 1888)
  • 1972 – Rudolf Friml, Czech composer of operettas (b. 1879)
  • 1976 – Walter Piston, American composer (b. 1894)
  • 1976 – Mikhail Iosifovich Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (b. 1893)
  • 1981 – William Holden, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1984 – Chester Himes, American author (b. 1909)
  • 1990 – Eve Arden, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – H. R. Haldeman, White House Chief of Staff (b. 1926)
  • 1994 – Wilma Rudolph, American runner (b. 1940)
  • 1997 – Carlos Surinach, Spanish composer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Leah Rabin, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Franck Pourcel, French popular orchestra leader (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Tony Miles, English chess player (b. 1955)
  • 2003 – Cameron Duncan, New Zealand director (b. 1986)
  • 2003 – Kay E. Kuter, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Penny Singleton, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Tony Thompson, American drummer (Chic, Power Station) (b. 1954)
  • 2003 – Jonathan Brandis, American actor (b. 1976)
  • 2004 – John Peel, English DJ and Broadcaster (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – William G. Adams, former mayor of St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – General Jacob E. Smart, US Air Force leader World War II (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Khanmohammed Ibrahim, Indian cricketer (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Ira Levin, American novelist (b. 1929)

November 12 – Holidays:

  • National Holiday: Birth of Sun Yat-Sen (observed in China and Taiwan)

 

 

 

 

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On This Day in History November 11

November 11 – Events:

  • 308 – The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.
  • 1215 – The Fourth Lateran Council meets, defining the doctrine of transubstantiation, the process by which bread and wine are transformed into the body and blood of Christ.
  • 1500 – Treaty of Granada – Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.
  • 1620 – In what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, the Mayflower Compact is signed on the Mayflower, establishing the basic laws for the Plymouth Colony. (Old Style date; November 21 per New Style date.)
  • 1634 – Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes “An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery“.
  • 1673 – Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
  • 1675 – Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function.
  • 1724 – Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking “Thief-Taker General” (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.
  • 1750 – The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, was formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It was the first college fraternity.
  • 1778 – Cherry Valley Massacre: an attack by Loyalists and Seneca Indian forces on a fort and village in eastern New York during the American Revolutionary War, killing more than forty civilians and soldiers.
  • 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein – 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
  • 1831 – In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising.
  • 1839 – The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea – Union General William Tecumseh Sherman begins burning Atlanta, Georgia to the ground in preparation for his march south.
  • 1865 – Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
  • 1880 – Australian Bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol.
  • 1887 – Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel are executed.
  • 1887 – Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • 1889 – Washington is admitted as the 42nd U.S. state.
  • 1911 – Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through.
  • 1918 – World War I ends: Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside of Compiègne in France. The war officially stops at 11:00 (The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month).
  • 1918 – Józef Pilsudski comes to Warsaw and assumes supreme military power in Poland. Poland regains its independence.
  • 1918 – Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquishes power.
  • 1919 – The Centralia Massacre in Centralia, Washington results the deaths of four members of the American Legion and the lynching of a local leader of the IWW.
  • 1921 – The Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated by US President Warren G. Harding at Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1924 – Prime Minister Alexandros Papanastasiou proclaims the first Greek Republic.
  • 1926 – U.S. Route 66 is established.
  • 1930 – Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.
  • 1933 – Dust Bowl: In South Dakota, a very strong dust storm strips topsoil from desiccated farmlands.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Taranto – The Royal Navy launches the first aircraft carrier strike in history, on the Italian fleet at Taranto.
  • 1940 – The German cruiser Atlantis captures top secret British mail, and sends it to Japan.
  • 1940 – Armistice Day Blizzard: An unexpected blizzard kills 144 in U.S. Midwest.
  • 1942 – World War II: Nazi Germany completed their occupation of France.
  • 1962 – Kuwait’s National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.
  • 1965 – In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares independence.
  • 1966 – NASA launches spaceship Gemini 12.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to “new left” antiwar activist Tom Hayden.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: Operation Commando Hunt initiated. The goal was to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh Trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.
  • 1968 – A second republic is declared in the Maldives.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.
  • 1975 – Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismisses the government of Gough Whitlam and commissions Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister, and announces a general election to be held in early December.
  • 1992 – The Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
  • 2000 – In Kaprun, Austria, 155 skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel.
  • 2001 – Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they were traveling on top off.
  • 2004 – New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.
  • 2004 – Yasser Arafat is confirmed dead by the Palestine Liberation Organization, of unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
  • 2006 – The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss on soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.

November 11 – Birthdays:

  • 995 – Gisela of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1041)
  • 1050 – Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1106)
  • 1154 – King Sancho I of Portugal (d. 1212)
  • 1155 – King Alfonso VIII of Castile (d. 1214)
  • 1220 – Alphonse of Toulouse, son of Louis VIII of France (d. 1271)
  • 1493 – Paracelsus, doctor (d. 1541)
  • 1493 – Bernardo Tasso, Italian poet (d. 1569)
  • 1599 – Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, Austrian field marshal (d. 1656)
  • 1599 – Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Queen of Sweden (d. 1655)
  • 1633 – George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, British statesman (d. 1695)
  • 1668 – Johann Albert Fabricius, German scholar and bibliographer (d. 1736)
  • 1743 – Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (d. 1828)
  • 1744 – Abigail Adams, First Lady of the United States (d. 1818)
  • 1748 – King Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
  • 1791 – Josef Munzinger, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1855)
  • 1792 – Mary Anne Evans, English wife of Benjamin Disraeli (d. 1872)
  • 1821 – Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (d. 1881)
  • 1828 – Sri Deep Narayan Mahaprabhuji, Hindu saint (d. 1963)
  • 1836 – Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American poet and novelist (d. 1907)
  • 1852 – Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1925)
  • 1858 – Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (d. 1884)
  • 1863 – Paul Signac, French painter (d. 1935)
  • 1864 – Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1921)
  • 1869 – Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist (d. 1901)
  • 1869 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – David I. Walsh, 46 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1882 – King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1973)
  • 1883 – Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – George Smith Patton, Jr., American general (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Roland Young, American actor (d. 1953)
  • 1891 – Rabbit Maranville, American baseball player (d. 1954)
  • 1898 – Rene Clair, French film director (d. 1981)
  • 1899 – Pat O’Brien, American film actor (d. 1983)
  • 1900 – Halina Konopacka, Polish athlete (d. 1989)
  • 1901 – F. Van Wyck Mason, American author (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Magda Goebbels, wife of Nazi minister of propaganda, Josef Goebbels (d. 1945)
  • 1901 – Sam Spiegel, Austrian-born American film producer (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Alger Hiss, American government official and spy (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (d. 1960)
  • 1909 – Robert Ryan, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1912 – Thomas C. Mann, American diplomat (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Howard Fast, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Henry Wade, American lawyer (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – William Proxmire, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Stubby Kaye, American comic actor (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Kalle Päätalo, Finnish novelist (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Roy Jenkins, British politician (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Terrell Bell, American politician (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Kurt Vonnegut, American novelist (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – June Whitfield, British comedian
  • 1925 – Jonathan Winters, American comedian and actor
  • 1926 – Harry Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1927 – Mose Allison, American jazz pianist and singer
  • 1928 – Carlos Fuentes, Mexican writer
  • 1928 – Gracita Morales, Spanish actress (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Hans Magnus Enzensberger, German writer
  • 1929 – LaVern Baker, American singer (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Hank Garland, American guitar virtuoso (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Hugh Everett, American physicist (d. 1982)
  • 1930 – Vernon Handley, English conductor
  • 1934 – Jim Perry, American and Canadian television host
  • 1936 – Jack Keller, American songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Stephen Lewis, Canadian politician and diplomat
  • 1938 – Ants Antson, Estonian speed skater
  • 1938 – Haruhiro Yamashita, Japanese gymnast
  • 1939 – Denise Alexander, American actress
  • 1940 – Barbara Boxer, American politician
  • 1941 – Jesse Colin Young, American singer and songwriter (The Youngbloods)
  • 1943 – Doug Frost, Australian swimming coach
  • 1944 – Kemal Sunal,Turkish actor
  • 1945 – Daniel Ortega, President of Nicaragua
  • 1945 – Vince Martell, American guitarist (Vanilla Fudge)
  • 1946 – Chris Dreja, British musician (The Yardbirds)
  • 1946 – Al Holbert, American race car driver and team owner (d. 1988}
  • 1950 – Mircea Dinescu, Romanian poet
  • 1950 – Jim Peterik, American musician and songwriter (Survivor)
  • 1950 – Ed Ordynski, Australian rally driver
  • 1951 – Kim Peek, American megasavant
  • 1951 – Marc Summers, American game show host
  • 1953 – Marshall Crenshaw, American musician
  • 1953 – Andy Partridge, English musician (XTC)
  • 1953 – Kostas Skandalidis, Greek politician
  • 1954 – Mary Gaitskill, American novelist
  • 1955 – Dave Alvin, American songwriter and guitarist
  • 1958 – Luz Casal, Spanish singer
  • 1958 – Carlos Lacamara, Cuban-born American Actor
  • 1959 – Lee Haney, American bodybuilder
  • 1960 – Peter Parros, American actor
  • 1960 – Stanley Tucci, American actor and director
  • 1961 – Jan Kuehnemund, American guitarist
  • 1962 – Mic Michaeli, Swedish keyboardist
  • 1962 – Demi Moore, American actress
  • 1962 – James Morrison, Australian musician
  • 1964 – Judith Edelman, American musician
  • 1964 – Calista Flockhart, American actress
  • 1964 – Anabel Alonso, Spanish actress
  • 1965 – Max Mutchnick, American TV writer and producer
  • 1966 – Alison Doody, Irish actress
  • 1967 – Gil de Ferran, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1968 – David L Cook, American singer and comedian
  • 1969 – Carson Kressley, American television personality
  • 1969 – Kristen Wilson, American actress
  • 1970 – Lee Battersby, Australian author
  • 1971 – Jennifer Celotta, American TV producer and writer
  • 1971 – Paul Chaloner, English TV e-sports commentator
  • 1972 – Adam Beach, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Tyler Christopher, American actor
  • 1972 – Leslie Mann, American actress
  • 1973 – Jason White, American musician (Green Day)
  • 1974 – Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor
  • 1974 – Wajahatullah Wasti, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1974 – Static Major, American singer (d. 2008)
  • 1976 – Lisa Gleave, American actress and model
  • 1976 – Jason Grilli, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Jesse Keeler, Canadian musician
  • 1977 – Ben Hollioake, English cricketer (d. 2002)
  • 1977 – Maniche, Portuguese footballer
  • 1978 – Lou Vincent, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1980 – Willie Parker, American football player
  • 1981 – Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  • 1982 – Brittny Gastineau, American socialite
  • 1983 – Philipp Lahm, German footballer
  • 1983 – Matt Garza, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Robin Uthappa, Indian cricket player
  • 1986 – François Trinh-Duc, French rugby player
  • 1987 – Yuya Tegoshi, Japanese Idol (member of NEWS and Tegomass)
  • 1989 – Reina Tanaka, Japanese pop singer

November 11 – Deaths:

  • 397 – Martin of Tours, French saint
  • 405 – Arsacius, intruding archbishop of Constantinople
  • 537 – Pope Silverius, saint
  • 826 – Theodore the Studite, saint
  • 865 – Petronas the Patrician, Byzantine General
  • 1623 – Philippe de Mornay, French writer (b. 1549)
  • 1638 – Cornelis Corneliszoon van Haarlem, Dutch painter (b. 1562)
  • 1686 – Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French general (b. 1621)
  • 1686 – Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician (b. 1602)
  • 1724 – Joseph Blake (alias Blueskin), English highwayman (executed) (b. c. 1700)
  • 1812 – Platon Levshin, Metropoitan of Moscow (b. 1737)
  • 1831 – Nat Turner, American slave rebel (b. 1800)
  • 1855 – Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (b. 1813)
  • 1862 – James Madison Porter, American politician (b. 1793)
  • 1880 – Ned Kelly, Australian bushranger (hanged) (b. c. 1855)
  • 1880 – Lucretia Mott, American feminist and abolitionist (b. 1793)
  • 1884 – Alfred Brehm German zoologist (b. 1827)
  • 1887 – Haymarket defendants:
    • George Engel (b. 1836)
    • Adolph Fischer (b. 1858)
    • Albert Parsons (b. 1848)
    • August Spies (b. 1855)
  • 1917 – Liliuokalani of Hawaii, Queen of Hawaii (b. 1838)
  • 1918 – George Lawrence Price, Canadian soldier, last person to be killed in W.W.I. (b. 1892)
  • 1931 – Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (b. 1840)
  • 1938 – Typhoid Mary, carrier of the typhoid disease (b. 1869)
  • 1939 – Jan Opletal, Czech student, victim of Nazi violence in Prague
  • 1945 – Jerome Kern, American composer (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Berry Oakley, Bass Player and founder, Allman Brothers Band (b. 1948)
  • 1973 – David “Stringbean” Akeman, American banjo player (b. 1915)
  • 1973 – Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1974 – Alfonso Leng, Chilean composer (b. 1894)
  • 1976 – Alexander Calder, American artist (b. 1898)
  • 1977 – Greta Keller, Vienna-born cabaret singer and actress (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Dimitri Tiomkin, Ukrainian-born composer (b. 1894)
  • 1988 – William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor & organist (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – Alexis Minotis, Greek actor (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet, proposed nine times for the Nobel Prize for Literature, winner of the Lenin Peace Prize (b. 1909)
  • 1990 – Attilio Demaría, Argentinian footballer (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Erskine Hawkins, American trumpet player and big band leader (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – John A. Volpe, 61 and 63 Governor of Massachusetts, 2 United States Secretary of Transportation (b. 1908)
  • 1994 – Pedro Zamora, Cuban-American AIDS activist (b. 1972)
  • 1994 – Tadeusz Zychiewicz, Polish journalist, art historian and publicist (b. 1922)
  • 1997 – Rodney Milburn, American athlete (b. 1950)
  • 1998 – Frank Brimsek, American ice hockey player (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Mary Kay Bergman, American voice actress (b. 1961)
  • 1999 – Jacobo Timmerman, Argentine writer and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Yasser Arafat, Palestinian leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Richard Dembo, French director and screenwriter (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Lord Lichfield, British photographer (b. 1939)
  • 2005 – Peter Drucker, American management theorist (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American film producer and director (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Belinda Emmett, Australian actress (b. 1974)
  • 2006 – Harry Lehotsky, pastor and activist (b. 1957)

November 11 – Holidays:

  • Several nations celebrate, in some way, the end of World War I, the ceasefire of which went into effect at 11:00am CET on this day in 1918.
  • Armistice Day in New Zealand, France and Belgium
  • St. Martin’s Day in the Netherlands, Germany, Flanders, Austria and Portugal
  • Veterans Day in the United States (called Armistice Day until 1952, when the name was changed, and the holiday was re-geared toward all military veterans)
  • Remembrance Day in the Commonwealth of Nations, including Australia and Canada.
  • Twins Day (1987) in Taiwan: a festival for biological twins and other multiples. The eleventh day of the eleventh month (11-11) consists of the same numeral in pairs and symbolizes their characteristics.
  • Poland – Independence Day (1918)
  • Colombia – Independence of Cartagena, Colombia, from Spain (1811)
  • Lacplesis Day (1919) in Latvia: the official date for commemoration of Latvian soldiers, who had died for the country’s freedom.
  • Angola – Independence Day (1975) Opening of carnival season in Germany (“Karneval”/”Fasching” on 11-11, at 11:11), the Netherlands, and other countries
  • South Korea – Pepero Day
  • Feast day of:
    • Bartholomew of Grottaferrata in the Roman Catholic Church
    • Martin of Tours in the Roman Catholic Church
    • Saint Mina in the Roman Catholic Church
    • Soren Kierkegaard in the Lutheran Church

 

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On This Day in History November 10

November 10 – Events:

  • 1444 – Battle of Varna: The crusading forces of King Vladislaus III of Varna (aka Ulaszlo I of Hungary and Wladyslaw III of Poland) are crushed by the Turks under Sultan Murad II and Vladislaus is killed.
  • 1520 – Danish King Christian II executes dozens of people in the Stockholm Bloodbath after a successful invasion of Sweden.
  • 1619 – René Descartes has the dreams that inspire his Meditations on First Philosophy.
  • 1674 – Anglo-Dutch War: As provided in the Treaty of Westminster, Netherlands cedes New Netherlands to England.
  • 1766 – The last Colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signs the charter of Queen’s College (later renamed Rutgers University).
  • 1775 – The United States Marine Corps was founded.
  • 1847 – The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked thick fog off the southern coast  of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction the Fastnet Rock lighthouse.
  • 1865 – Major Henry Wirz, the superintendent of a prison camp in Andersonville, Georgia, is hanged, becoming the only American Civil War soldier executed for war crimes.
  • 1871 – Henry Morton Stanley locates missing explorer and missionary, Dr. David Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika saying “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”
  • 1910 – The date of Thomas A. Davis’ opening of the San Diego Army and Navy  Academy, though the official founding date is November 23, 1910.
  • 1918 – The Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, NS received a top-secret coded message from Europe(that would be sent to Ottawa, ON and Washington, DC) that said on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air.
  • 1919 – The first national convention of the American Legion is held in Minneapolis, Minnesota (convention ended on November 12).
  • 1924 – Dean O’Banion, leader of the North Side Gang is assassinated in his flower shop by members of Johnny Torrio’s gang, sparking the bloody gang war of the 1920s in Chicago.
  • 1928 – Michinomiya Hirohito is crowned the 124th Emperor of Japan, Emperor Showa.
  • 1928 – Playing against Army at Yankee Stadium, Notre Dame football coach Knute Rockne gives what is considered the greatest locker room speeches of all time by saying “Win one for the Gipper.” The Fighting Irish would win the game 12-6.
  • 1938 – The death of the founder of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1940 – Walt Disney begins serving as an informer for the Los Angeles office of the FBI;   his job is to report back information on Hollywood subversives.
  • 1942 – World War II: Germany invades Vichy France following French Admiral François Darlan agreement to an armistice with the Allies in North Africa.
  • 1944 – Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11) exploded at Seeadler Harbour,  Manus, Admiralty Islands
  • 1945 – Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes’ Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • 1951 – Direct-dial coast-to-coast telephone service begins in the United States.
  • 1954 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicates the USMC War Memorial (Iwo Jima memorial) in Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1958 – The Hope Diamond was donated to the Smithsonian Institution by New York diamond merchant Harry Winston.
  • 1969 – National Educational Television (the predecessor to the Public Broadcasting Service) in the United States debuts the children’s television program Sesame Street.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – For the first time in five years, an entire week ends with no reports of American combat fatalities in Southeast Asia.
  • 1970 – Soviet Lunar probe Lunokhod 1 launched.
  • 1971 – In Cambodia, Khmer Rouge forces attack the city Phnom Penh and its airport, killing 44, wounding at least 30 and damaging nine airplanes.
  • 1972 – Southern Airways Flight 49 from Birmingham, Alabama is hijacked and, at one point, is threatened with crashing into the nuclear installation at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. After two days, the plane lands in Havana, Cuba, where the hijackers are jailed by Fidel Castro.
  • 1975 – The 729-foot-long freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew on board.
  • 1975 – United Nations Resolution 3379: United Nations General Assembly approves a resolution equating Zionism with racism (the resolution was repealed in December 1991 with Resolution 4686).
  • 1995 – In Nigeria, playwright and environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa along with eight others from the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (Mosop) are hanged by government forces.
  • 1997 – WorldCom and MCI Communications announce a $37 billion merger (the largest merger in US history at the time).
  • 2006 – Sri Lankan Tamil Parliamentarian Nadarajah Raviraj assassinated in Colombo.
  • 2007 – ¿Por qué no te callas? incident between King Juan Carlos of Spain and Venezuela’s president Hugo Chávez.

November 10 – Birthdays:

  • 745 – Musa al-Kazim, Shia Imam (d. 799)
  • 1341 – Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, English statesman (d. 1408)
  • 1433 – Charles, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1477)
  • 1480 – Bridget of York, English princess and nun (d. 1517)
  • 1483 – Martin Luther, German Protestant reformer (d. 1546)
  • 1565 – Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer (d. 1646)
  • 1566 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, English politician (d. 1601)
  • 1577 – Jacob Cats, Dutch poet, jurist and politician (d. 1660)
  • 1620 – Ninon de l’Enclos, french courtesan and writer (d. 1705)
  • 1668 – Louis III, Prince of Condé (d. 1710)
  • 1668 – François Couperin, French composer (d. 1733)
  • 1683 – George II of Great Britain (d. 1760)
  • 1695 – John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (d. 1771)
  • 1697 – William Hogarth, English artist (d. 1764)
  • 1710 – Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman (d. 1792)
  • 1728 – Oliver Goldsmith, English playwright (d. 1774)
  • 1735 – Granville Sharp, English campaigner for the abolition of slavery (d. 1813)
  • 1759 – Friedrich von Schiller, German writer (d. 1805)
  • 1801 – Samuel Gridley Howe, American social reformer (d. 1876)
  • 1801 – Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer (d. 1872)
  • 1810 – George Jennings Sanitary engineer (d. 1882)
  • 1844 – Henry Eyster Jacobs, American Lutheran theologian (d. 1932)
  • 1845 – Sir John Sparrow David Thompson, fourth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1894)
  • 1850 – Arthur Goring Thomas, English composer (d. 1892)
  • 1868 – Gichin Funakoshi, father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo (d. 1957)
  • 1871 – Winston Churchill, UK Prime Minister (d. 1947)
  • 1878 – Cy Morgan, American baseball player (d. 1962)
  • 1879 – Vachel Lindsay, American poet (d. 1931)
  • 1879 – Patrick Pearse, Easter Rising leader
  • 1880 – Jacob Epstein, American-born sculptor (d. 1959)
  • 1887 – Arnold Zweig, German author (d. 1968)
  • 1888 – Andrei Tupolev, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1972)
  • 1889 – Claude Rains, English actor (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – John P. Marquand, American writer (d. 1960)
  • 1895 – John Knudsen Northrop, American airplane manufacturer (d. 1981)
  • 1895 – Mabel Normand, American silent actress (d. 1930)
  • 1896 – Jimmie Dykes, American baseball player and manager (d. 1976)
  • 1906 – Josef Kramer, commandant of Bergen Belsen concentration camp (d. 1945)
  • 1907 – John Moore, English author. d.1967.
  • 1907 – Jane Froman, American actor and singer (d. 1980)
  • 1909 – Pawel Jasienica, Polish historian (d. 1970)
  • 1912 – Birdie Tebbetts, American baseball player and manager (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Billy May, American composer, arranger and bandleader (d. 2004)
  • 1918 – Ernst Otto Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov, Russian inventor
  • 1919 – George Fenneman, American radio and television announcer (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Moise Tshombe, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1969)
  • 1919 – François Périer, French actor (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Jennifer Holt, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Rafael del Pino, Spanish entrepreneur
  • 1924 – Russell Johnson, American actor (Gilligan’s Island)
  • 1925 – Richard Burton, Welsh actor (d. 1984)
  • 1928 – Ennio Morricone, Italian composer
  • 1929 – Marilyn Bergman, American composer and songwriter
  • 1932 – Don Henderson, English actor (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Roy Scheider, American actor (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Ronald Evans, American astronaut (d. 1990)
  • 1934 – Lucien Bianchi, Belgian racing driver (d. 1969)
  • 1935 – Igor Dmitrievich Novikov, Russian astrophysicist
  • 1935 – Bernard Babior, American biochemist
  • 1939 – Russell Means, Native American activist
  • 1939 – Allan Moffat, Canadian-Australian race car driver
  • 1940 – Screaming Lord Sutch, English musician and politician (d. 1999)
  • 1941 – Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1942 – Robert F. Engle, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Hans-Rudolf Merz, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 1943 – Saxby Chambliss, American politician
  • 1944 – Silvestre Reyes, American politician
  • 1944 – Sir Tim Rice, English lyricist
  • 1945 – Donna Fargo, American singer
  • 1946 – Roy Thomas Baker, English record producer
  • 1947 – Greg Lake, British musician
  • 1947 – Glen Buxton, American musician (Alice Cooper) (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Bachir Gemayel, Lebanese military commander, politician, and president-elect (d.
  • 1982)
  • 1947 – Dave Loggins, American songwriter and singer
  • 1948 – Vincent Schiavelli, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1948 – Aaron Brown, American broadcast journalist
  • 1948 – Hugh Moffatt, American songwriter
  • 1949 – Ann Reinking, American dancer
  • 1950 – Debra Hill, American screenwriter and film producer (d. 2005)
  • 1952 – Gerry DiNardo, American football coach
  • 1955 – James Chapman, American novelist
  • 1955 – Jack Clark, American baseball player
  • 1955 – Roland Emmerich, German film producer and director
  • 1956 – Mohsen Badawi, Egyptian entrepreneur, political activist and writer
  • 1956 – Sinbad, American actor
  • 1958 – Massimo Morsello, Italian singer
  • 1958 – Brooks Williams, American musician
  • 1958 – Stephen Herek, American film director
  • 1959 – Linda Cohn, American sports reporter
  • 1959 – Mackenzie Phillips, American actress
  • 1960 – Neil Gaiman, English writer
  • 1960 – Dan Hawkins, American College Football Coach
  • 1961 – John Walton, English darts player
  • 1961 – Rudolf Grimm, Austrian physics professor
  • 1963 – Hugh Bonneville, English actor
  • 1964 – Kenny Rogers, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Magnús Scheving, Icelandic athlete
  • 1965 – Eddie Irvine, Northern Irish racecar driver
  • 1965 – Jamie Dixon, American basketball coach
  • 1966 – Vanessa Angel, English actress
  • 1968 – Steve Brookstein, English X Factor winner
  • 1968 – Tracy Morgan, American actor/comedian
  • 1969 – Ellen Pompeo, American actress
  • 1969 – Faustino Asprilla, Colombian footballer
  • 1969 – Jens Lehmann, German footballer
  • 1970 – Warren G, American rapper
  • 1970 – Freddy Loix, Belgian rally driver
  • 1972 – Shawn Green, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Patrik Berger, Czech footballer
  • 1974 – Niko Hurme, Finnish musician
  • 1975 – Jim Adkins, American musician
  • 1976 – Steffen Iversen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1976 – Shefki Kuqi, Finnish footballer
  • 1977 – Brittany Murphy, American actress
  • 1977 – Matt Cepicky, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Eve, American rapper
  • 1978 – Kyla Cole, Slovak adult actress
  • 1980 – Troy Bell, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Red Cordell, American television personality
  • 1980 – Donté Stallworth, National Football League wide receiver
  • 1981 – Tony Blanco, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jason L. Dunham, American Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2004)
  • 1981 – Alison Waite, American model and Playboy Playmate
  • 1982 – Clayton Fortune, English footballer
  • 1982 – Heather Matarazzo, American actress
  • 1983 – Miranda Lambert, American singer
  • 1983 – Craig Smith, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Kendrick Perkins, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Giovonnie Samuels, American television actress
  • 1986 – Josh Peck, American actor (Drake & Josh)
  • 1987 – Jessica Tovey, Australian actress
  • 1991 – Inseong Cho, South Korean actor

November 10 – Deaths:

  • 627 – Justus, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 901 – Adelaide of Paris, Queen of Western Francia
  • 1444 – King Vladislaus III of Varna is killed in battle (b. 1424)
  • 1549 – Pope Paul III (b. 1468)
  • 1556 – Richard Chancellor, English explorer, dies in shipwreck off Scotland
  • 1596 – Peter Wentworth, English Puritan politician (b. 1530)
  • 1605 – Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian naturalist (b. 1522)
  • 1617 – Barnabe Rich, English soldier and writer
  • 1624 – Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, English patron of the theater (b. 1573)
  • 1644 – Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (b. 1579)
  • 1673 – Michal Wisniowiecki, King of Poland (b. 1640)
  • 1727 – Alphonse de Tonty, French explorer and American settler (b. 1659)
  • 1728 – Fyodor Apraksin, Russian admirals (b. 1661)
  • 1772 – Pedro Antonio Joaquim Correa da Serra Garção, Portuguese poet (b. 1724)
  • 1777 – Cornstalk, Shawnee chief
  • 1808 – Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and Governor of Quebec (b. 1724)
  • 1848 – Christian VIII of Denmark, King of Denmark (b. 1786)
  • 1865 – Henry Wirz, Swiss-American Confederate commandant of POW camp at Andersonville, Georgia, by hanging (b. 1822)
  • 1891 – Arthur Rimbaud, French poet, (b. 1854)
  • 1909 – Renee Vivien, American poet (b. 1877)
  • 1909 – George Essex Evans, Australian poet (b. 1863)
  • 1912 – Louis Cyr, Canadian strongman (b. 1863)
  • 1917 – Harry Trott, Australian cricketer (b. 1866)
  • 1936 – Louis Gustave Binger, French officer and explorer (b. 1856)
  • 1938 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder and the first President of Turkey (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Jimmie Dodd, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1973 – David “Stringbean” Akeman, American country music banjo player (b. 1915)
  • 1975 – Ernest M. McSorley, American ship captain (b. 1912)
  • 1981 – Abel Gance, French film director, producer, and actor (b. 1889)
  • 1982 – Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union  (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Pelle Lindbergh, Swedish ice hockey player (b. 1959)
  • 1986 – King Clancy, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and referee (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban baseball player (b. 1943)
  • 1990 – Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (b. 1914)
  • 1991 – William Afflis, American professional wrestler (b. 1929)
  • 1992 – Chuck Connors, American actor, baseball and basketball player (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Carmen McRae, American singer (b. 1920)
  • 1995 – Ken Saro-Wiwa, Nigerian writer and activist (b. 1941)
  • 1997 – Tommy Tedesco, American musician (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Mary Millar, English actress (b. 1936)
  • 2000 – Jacques Chaban-Delmas, Prime Minister of France (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Ken Kesey, American author (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Michel Boisrond, French film director (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Canaan Banana, first President of Zimbabwe (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Irv “Kup” Kupcinet, American columnist and television personality (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Diana Coupland, British comedy actress (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Gerald Levert, American singer (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Jack Palance, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Nadarajah Raviraj, Sri Lankan politician (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Fokko du Cloux, mathematician (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Laraine Day, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Augustus F. Hawkins, American politician and civil rights lawmaker (b. 1907)
  • 2007 – Norman Mailer, American author (b. 1923)

November 10 – Holidays:

  • Christianity – the feast day of Pope Leo I the Great and Andrew Avellino
  • Ancient Latvia – Martini
  • Turkey – Day of Remembrance of Ataturk
  • Russia – Day of Militsiya (analogue of police in Russia)
  • Argentina – Day of Tradition, honouring the death of José Hernández
  • United States Marine Corps Birthday

 

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On This Day in History November 9

November 9 – Events:

  • 694 – Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery.
  • 1282 – Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon.
  • 1313 – Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gamelsdorf.
  • 1330 – Battle of Posada, Wallachian Voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush.
  • 1492 – Peace of Etaples between Henry VII and Charles VIII.
  • 1494 – Family de’ Medici become rulers of Florence.
  • 1620 – Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
  • 1688 – The Glorious Revolution: William of Orange captures Exeter.
  • 1697 – Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia.
  • 1729 – Spain, France and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Seville.
  • 1764 – Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.
  • 1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte leads the Coup d’état of 18 Brumaire ending the Directory government, and becoming one of its three Consuls (Consulate Government).
  • 1848 – Robert Blum, a German revolutionary, is executed in Vienna.
  • 1851 – Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
  • 1861 – The first documented football match in Canada is played at University College, University of Toronto.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Union General Ambrose Burnside assumes command of the Army of the Potomac, after George B. McClellan is removed.
  • 1867 – Tokugawa Shogunate hands power back to the Emperor of Japan, starting the Meiji Restoration.
  • 1872 – The Great Boston Fire of 1872.
  • 1887 – The United States receives rights to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  • 1888 – Jack the Ripper kills Mary Jane Kelly, his last known victim.
  • 1906 – Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting President of the United States to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal.
  • 1907 – The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII on his birthday.
  • 1917 – Josef Stalin enters the provisional government of the USSR.
  • 1918 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates after the German Revolution, and Germany is proclaimed a Republic.
  • 1921 – Albert Einstein is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work with the photoelectric effect.
  • 1923 – In Munich, Germany, police and government troops crush the Beer Hall Putsch in Bavaria. The failed coup is the work of the Nazis.
  • 1932 – Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60.
  • 1935 – The Congress of Industrial Organizations is founded in Atlantic City, New Jersey by eight trade unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor.
  • 1937 – Japanese troops take control of Shanghai, China.
  • 1938 – Kristallnacht, Nazi Germany’s first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins.
  • 1953 – Cambodia becomes independent from France.
  • 1960 – Robert McNamara is named president of Ford Motor Co., the first non-Ford to serve in that post. A month later, he quit to join the newly-elected John F. Kennedy administration.
  • 1963 – At Miike coal mine, Miike, Japan, an explosion kills 458, and hospitalises 839 with carbon monoxide poisoning. Also, in Japan, a three-train disaster occurs in Yokohama, kills more than 160 people.
  • 1965 – Several U.S. states and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast Blackout of 1965.
  • 1965 – Catholic Worker member Roger Allen LaPorte, protesting against the Vietnam War, sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building.
  • 1965 – Northeast Blackout of 1965, The power lines from Niagara Falls to New York City were operating near their maximum capacity. At about 5:15 a transmission line relay failed.
  • 1967 – Apollo program: NASA launches the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft atop the first Saturn V rocket from Cape Kennedy, Florida.
  • 1967 – First issue of Rolling Stone Magazine is published.
  • 1968 – Swedish jazz pianist Jan Johansson is killed in a car crash on his way to a concert in a church in Jönköping, Sweden.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6 to 3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
  • 1971 – John List, an accountant from Westfield, New Jersey murders his mother, wife and three children. He then hides under a new identity for 18 years.
  • 1985 – Garry Kasparov 22, of the Soviet Union becomes the youngest World Chess Champion by beating Anatoly Karpov, also of the Soviet Union.
  • 1989 – Cold War: Fall of the Berlin Wall. Communist-controlled East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall allowing its citizens to freely travel to West Germany. People start demolishing the Berlin Wall.
  • 1990 – New democratic constitution is issued in Nepal.
  • 1990 – Mary Robinson was elected Ireland’s first female President and the first from the Labour Party.
  • 1993 – Stari most, the “old bridge” in Bosnian Mostar built in 1566, collapses after several days of bombing.
  • 1994 – Discovery of the chemical element, Darmstadtium.
  • 1998 – Brokerage houses are ordered to pay 1.03 billion USD to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for their price-fixing. This is the largest civil settlement in United States history.
  • 1998 – Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences.
  • 1999 – TAESA Flight 725, crashes a few minutes after leaving the Uruapan airport  enroute to Mexico City. 18 people were killed in the accident.
  • 2003 – During the holy month of Ramadan, a suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.
  • 2005 – The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency is launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
  • 2005 – Suicide bombers attacked three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing at least 60 people.

November 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1389 – Isabella of Valois, queen consort of England (d. 1409)
  • 1414 – Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg (d. 1486)
  • 1522 – Martin Chemnitz, German theologian (d. 1586)
  • 1664 – Henry Wharton, English writer (d. 1695)
  • 1717 – Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German archaeologist (d. 1768)
  • 1721 – Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (d. 1770)
  • 1731 – Benjamin Banneker, American scientist (d. 1806)
  • 1732 – Julie de Lespinasse, French aristocrat, hostess and writer (d. 1776)
  • 1802 – Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (d. 1837)
  • 1810 – Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1887)
  • 1818 (N.S.) – Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer (d. 1883)
  • 1825 – A.P. Hill, American Confederate general (d. 1865)
  • 1832 – Émile Gaboriau, French writer (d. 1873)
  • 1840 – Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French Canadian lawyer (d. 1898)
  • 1841 – King Edward VII of the United Kingdom (d. 1910)
  • 1853 – Stanford White, American architect (d. 1906)
  • 1869 – Marie Dressler, Canadian actress (d. 1934)
  • 1872 – Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet (d. 1941)
  • 1873 – Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist (d. 1941)
  • 1874 – Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist (d. 1954)
  • 1877 – Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician (d. 1959)
  • 1877 – Allama Iqbal, Indian National poet of Pakistan (d. 1938)
  • 1879 – Milan Šufflay, Croatian politician (d. 1931)
  • 1880 – Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, English architect, designer of the red telephone box (d. 1960)
  • 1883 – Edna May Oliver, American actress (d. 1942)
  • 1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian writer (d. 1922)
  • 1885 – Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (d. 1955)
  • 1885 – Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (d. 1954)
  • 1885 – Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor (d. 1952)
  • 1886 – S. O. Davies, Welsh politician (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Ed Wynn, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1889 – Jean Monnet, French internationalist (d. 1979)
  • 1890 – George Regas, Greek actor (d. 1940)
  • 1895 – Mae Marsh, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1897 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)
  • 1902 – Anthony Asquith, British film director (d. 1968)
  • 1904 – Viktor Brack, Nazi physician (d. 1948)
  • 1905 – Erika Mann, German writer (d. 1969)
  • 1906 – Arthur Rudolph, German rocket engineer (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Tabish Dehlvi, Pakistani poet (d. 2004)
  • 1913 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian actress and inventor (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – André François, French cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Sargent Shriver, American politician
  • 1918 – Choi Hong Hi, Founder of Taekwon-Do (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Spiro Agnew, 39th Vice President of the United States (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Viktor Chukarin, Soviet gymnast (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – Pierrette Alarie, Canadian soprano
  • 1922 – Raymond Devos, French humorist (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Imre Lakatos, Hungarian philosopher (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Alice Coachman, American athlete
  • 1923 – Dorothy Dandridge, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1924 – Robert Frank, Swiss Photographer
  • 1925 – Sir Alistair Horne, British historian
  • 1926 – Dominguín, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Anne Sexton, American poet (d. 1974)
  • 1929 – Marc Favreau, French Canadian humourist (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Imre Kertész, Hungarian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 – Whitey Herzog, American baseball player
  • 1934 – Ingvar Carlsson, Swedish politician
  • 1934 – Carl Sagan, American astronomer and writer (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Bob Gibson, American baseball player
  • 1936 – Daniel Robert Graham, American politician
  • 1936 – Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (d. 1992)
  • 1936 – Teddy Infuhr, American former child actor (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Roger McGough, English poet
  • 1937 – Clyde Wells, Canadian politician
  • 1938 – Ti-Grace Atkinson, American feminist author
  • 1939 – Paul Cameron, American psychologist
  • 1941 – Tom Fogerty, American musician (Creedence Clearwater Revival) (d. 1990)
  • 1942 – Tom Weiskopf, American golfer
  • 1944 – Phil May, English singer (The Pretty Things)
  • 1947 – Robert David Hall, American actor
  • 1948 – Michel Pagliaro, Quebec singer
  • 1948 – Bille August, Danish film and television director
  • 1948 – Henrik S. Järrel, Swedish politician
  • 1951 – Lou Ferrigno, American bodybuilder
  • 1951 – Bill Mantlo, American comic book writer
  • 1953 – Gaétan Hart, Canadian boxer
  • 1954 – Dennis Stratton, British musician, (Iron Maiden, Praying Mantis)
  • 1954 – Sue Upton, English actress and dancer
  • 1955 – Bob Nault, French Canadian politician
  • 1955 – Karen Dotrice, British actress
  • 1955 – Fernando Meirelles, Brazilian film director
  • 1959 – Thomas Quasthoff, German singer
  • 1959 – Tony Slattery, British actor
  • 1959 – Nick Hamilton, American wrestling referee
  • 1959 – Sito Pons, Spanish motorbike racer
  • 1961 – Jill Dando, British television presenter (d. 1999)
  • 1963 – Fulvio Fantoni, Italian bridge player
  • 1964 – Robert Duncan McNeill, American actor
  • 1965 – Bryn Terfel, Welsh baritone
  • 1965 – Teryl Rothery, Canadian actress
  • 1967 – Ricky Otto, English footballer
  • 1968 – Nazzareno Carusi, Italian pianist
  • 1969 – Allison Wolfe, American musician (Bratmobile, Cold Cold Hearts, Partyline)
  • 1964 – Sandy Denton, American musician (“Pepa” of Salt-N-Pepa)
  • 1970 – Chris Jericho, Canadian wrestler and musician (Fozzy)
  • 1970 – Susan Tedeschi, American musician
  • 1970 – Guido Görtzen, Dutch volleyball player
  • 1970 – Scarface, American rapper
  • 1970 – Domino (Hip Hop Producer), American Hip Hop Producer
  • 1971 – David Duval, American golfer
  • 1971 – Melinda Kinnaman, Swedish actress
  • 1971 – Big Punisher, real name Christopher Rios, American rapper (d. 2000)
  • 1972 – Eric Dane, American actor
  • 1972 – Doug Russell, American radio personality
  • 1972 – Corin Tucker, American musician (Sleater-Kinney)
  • 1973 – Alyson Court, Canadian actress
  • 1973 – Nick Lachey, American singer
  • 1973 – Gabrielle Miller, American actress
  • 1973 – Zisis Vryzas, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Alessandro Del Piero, Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Joe C., American rapper (d. 2000)
  • 1974 – Uncle Kracker, American singer and rapper
  • 1978 – Steven Lopez, American taekwondo martial artist
  • 1978 – Todd Self, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Sisqó, American singer (Dru Hill)
  • 1979 – Adam Dunn, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Caroline Flack, British television presenter
  • 1979 – Martin Taylor, English footballer
  • 1980 – James Harper, English footballer
  • 1980 – Dominique Maltais, Quebec snowboarder
  • 1981 – Scottie Thompson, American actress
  • 1984 – Delta Goodrem, Australian singer
  • 1984 – Joel Zumaya, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Nikki Blonsky, American actress

November 9 – Deaths:

  • 959 – Constantine VII, Byzantine Emperor (b. 905)
  • 1187 – Emperor Gaozong of China (b. 1107)
  • 1208 – Sancha of Castile, wife of Alfonso II of Aragon (b. 1155)
  • 1504 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)
  • 1623 – William Camden, English historian (b. 1551)
  • 1641 – Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand, Governor of the Netherlands and Bishop of Toledo
  • 1699 – Hortense Mancini, mistress of Charles II, King of England (b. 1646)
  • 1766 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer (b. 1692)
  • 1770 – John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1778 – Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian artist (b. 1720)
  • 1809 – Paul Sandby, English cartographer (b. 1725)
  • 1848 – Robert Blum, German politician (b. 1810)
  • 1881 – Edwin Drake, Father of the oil industry, drilled the first oil well.
  • 1888 – Mary Jane Kelly, last known Jack the Ripper victim.
  • 1911 – Howard Pyle, American author (b. 1853)
  • 1918 – Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet (b. 1880)
  • 1919 – Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1848)
  • 1924 – Henry Cabot Lodge, American Senator (b. 1850)
  • 1937 – Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1866)
  • 1938 – Vasily Blyukher, Soviet military commander (b.1889)
  • 1940 – Stephen Peter Alencastre, Portuguese Catholic prelate (b. 1876)
  • 1940 – Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1869)
  • 1942 – Edna May Oliver, American actress (b. 1883)
  • 1944 – Frank Marshall, American chess player (b. 1877)
  • 1951 – Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-born composer (b. 1887)
  • 1952 – Chaim Weizmann, 1st President of Israel (b. 1874)
  • 1952 – Philip Murray, 1st president of the United Steelworkers and longest-serving president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (b. 1886)
  • 1953 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (b. 1914)
  • 1953 – Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, first King of Saudi Arabia (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Peter O’Connor, Irish athlete (b. 1872)
  • 1968 – Jan Johansson, Swedish jazz pianist (b. 1931)
  • 1970 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Maude Fealy, American actor (b. 1881)
  • 1977 – Fred Haney, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – Victor Sen Yung, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1988 – Father David Bauer, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1924)
  • 1988 – John N. Mitchell, United States Attorney General (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Yves Montand, French actor (b. 1921)
  • 1997 – Helenio Herrera, French football player and coach (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Ursula Reit, German actress (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Hugh Paddick, British actor (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – William Schutz, American psychologist (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – Merlin Santana, American actor (b. 1976)
  • 2003 – Art Carney, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Gordon Onslow Ford, English painter (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Binod Bihari Verma, Indian Maithili literateur (b.1937)
  • 2004 – Iris Chang, Asian author (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – K. R. Narayanan, President of India (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Ed Bradley, American journalist (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Markus Wolf, East German Intelligence Director (b. 1923)

November 9 – Holidays:

  • Roman Catholicism – Dedication of the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Cathedral of the Pope (memorial feast day)
  • Cambodia – Independence Day (1953)
  • Pakistan – Allama Iqbal Day (1877)
  • Germany – November 9th is often called Germany’s Schicksalstag (day of fate) due to the events of 1848, 1918, 1923, 1938, and 1989.
  • Europe – Inventor’s Day – in honor of Hedy Lamarr’s birthday
  • United States – World Freedom Day, to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989
  • United Kingdom – 313 day
  • International – Diwali
  • Bolivia – Dia de los ñatitas

 

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On This Day in History November 8

November 8 – Events:

  • 1519 – Hernán Cortés enters Tenochtitlán and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with great a celebration as would befit a returning god.
  • 1520 – Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.
  • 1576 – Eighty Years’ War: Pacification of Ghent – The States-General of the Netherlands meet and unite to oppose Spanish occupation.
  • 1602 – The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened to the public.
  • 1620 – The Battle of White Mountain takes place near Prague, ending in a decisive Catholic victory in only two hours.
  • 1793 – In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum.
  • 1837 – Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, which later becomes Mount Holyoke College.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The “Trent Affair” – The USS San Jacinto stops the United Kingdom mail ship Trent and arrests two Confederate envoys, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the UK and US.
  • 1889 – Montana is admitted as the 41st U.S. state.
  • 1892 – The New Orleans general strike begins, uniting black and white American trade unionists in a successful four-day general strike action for the first time.
  • 1895 – While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Röntgen discovers the X-ray.
  • 1901 – Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.
  • 1917 – The People’s Commissars give authority to Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Josef Stalin.
  • 1923 – Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: New Deal – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
  • 1935 – A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with advancing industrial unionism.
  • 1935 – Fernand Bouisson becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1937 – The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude (“The Eternal Jew”) opens in Munich.
  • 1937 – The Chinese Youth Journalist Association is created in Shanghai. It is now known as Chinese Journalist Day.
  • 1938 – A pogrom against the Jews of Germany and Austria takes place in response to the assassination of a German diplomat in Paris.
  • 1939 – Venlo Incident: Two British agents of SIS are captured by the Germans.
  • 1939 – In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes an assassination attempt while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.
  • 1941 – The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: In Ternopil, western Ukraine, the German SS deport about 2,400 Jews from Ternopil ghetto to the Belzec death camp, in the so called “Second Aktion”. When the Germans captured Ternopil, about 18,000 Jews lived in the city.
  • 1942 – World War II: Operation Torch – United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa.
  • 1942 – World War II: French resistance coup in Algiers, in which 400 civilian French patriots neutralize Vichyist XIXth Army Corps after 15 hours of fighting, and arrest several Vichyst generals, allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers.
  • 1950 – Korean War: United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dogfight in history.
  • 1965 – The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands.
  • 1965 – The Murder (Abolition of the Death Penalty) Act 1965 is given Royal Assent, formally abolishing the death penalty in the United Kingdom.
  • 1965 – The 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Operation Hump during the Vietnam War.
  • 1966 – Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African American elected to the United States Senate.
  • 1966 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law an antitrust exemption allowing the National Football League to merge with the upstart American Football League.
  • 1973 – The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay 2.9 million USD.
  • 1976 – A series of earthquakes spreads panic in the city of Thessaloniki, which is evacuated.
  • 1977 – Manolis Andronikos, a Greek Archaeologist and professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina.
  • 1979 – The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) is formed.
  • 1987 – Remembrance Day Bombing: In Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, an Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes, at a ceremony honoring Britain’s war dead, killing eleven people.
  • 1989 – Hong Kong’s MTR Lam Tin Station comes into service.
  • 2002 – Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face “serious consequences.”
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • 2006 – Kathiraveli November 2006 massacre
  • 2006 – Beit Hanoun November 2006 incident

November 8 – Birthdays:

  • 35 – Nerva, Roman Emperor (d. 98)
  • 1342 – Julian of Norwich, English saint (d. 1416)
  • 1431 – Vlad III the Impaler, Wallachian prince (d. 1476)
  • 1491 – Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (d. 1544)
  • 1622 – King Charles X of Sweden (d. 1660)
  • 1656 (N.S.) – Edmond Halley, British astronomer and mathematician (d. 1742)
  • 1706 – Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (d. 1772)
  • 1710 – Sarah Fielding, English writer (d. 1768)
  • 1715 – Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, wife of Frederick II of Prussia (d. 1797)
  • 1723 – John Byron, British naval officer (d. 1786)
  • 1768 – Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, (d. 1840)
  • 1777 – Désirée Clary, queen of Sweden (d. 1860)
  • 1836 – Milton Bradley, American game manufacturer (d. 1911)
  • 1847 – Jean Casimir-Perier, French politician (d. 1907)
  • 1847 – Bram Stoker, Irish novelist (d. 1912)
  • 1848 – Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician (d. 1925)
  • 1854 – Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (d. 1919)
  • 1866 – Herbert Austin, English automobile pioneer (d. 1941)
  • 1868 – Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (d. 1942)
  • 1869 – Zinaida Gippius, Russian woman-poet in exile in France (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Arnold Bax, English composer (d. 1953)
  • 1884 – Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1885 – Hans Cloos, German geologist (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (d. 1946)
  • 1885 – Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (d. 1966)
  • 1893 – Clarence Williams, American composer (d. 1965)
  • 1893 – Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (d. 1941)
  • 1895 – Photios Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer (d. 1965)
  • 1896 – Bucky Harris, baseball player (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Dorothy Day, social activist (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Marie Prevost, Canadian actress (d. 1937)
  • 1900 – Margaret Mitchell, American author (d. 1949)
  • 1900 – Charlie Paddock, American athlete (d. 1943)
  • 1904 – Cedric Belfrage English-born writer (d. 1990)
  • 1908 – Martha Gellhorn, American writer (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – June Havoc, American actress
  • 1918 – Hermann Zapf, German designer
  • 1919 – P. L. Deshpande, Indian author (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Esther Rolle, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian cardinal
  • 1922 – Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazilian footballer (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Joe Flynn, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1927 – Ken Dodd, English comedian
  • 1927 – Nguyen Khanh, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
  • 1927 – Patti Page, American singer
  • 1929 – António Castanheira Neves, Portuguese philosopher
  • 1929 – Bobby Bowden, American football coach
  • 1931 – Darla Hood, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1931 – Morley Safer, Canadian journalist
  • 1933 – Peter Arundell, British racing driver
  • 1935 – Alain Delon, French actor
  • 1935 – Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal Bishop
  • 1938 – Driss Basri, Moroccan Interior Minister (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Angel Cordero Jr., Puerto Rican jockey
  • 1943 – Martin Peters, English footballer
  • 1944 – Bonnie Bramlett, American singer (Delaney, Bonnie & Friends)
  • 1945 – Don Murray, American musician (The Turtles)
  • 1946 – Guus Hiddink, Dutch football coach
  • 1946 – Roy Wood, English songwriter and musician (Electric Light Orchestra, The Move, Wizzard)
  • 1947 – Minnie Riperton, American singer (d. 1979)
  • 1949 – Bonnie Raitt, American singer
  • 1950 – Mary Hart, American television personality
  • 1951 – Alfredo Astiz, Argentine general
  • 1952 – Jan Raas, Dutch cyclist
  • 1952 – Christie Hefner, CEO of Playboy Enterprises
  • 1952 – John Denny, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Alfre Woodard, American actress
  • 1954 – Michael D. Brown, U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency director
  • 1954 – Kazuo Ishiguro, British author
  • 1954 – Rickie Lee Jones, American singer
  • 1954 – Jeanette McGruder, American musician (P Funk)
  • 1956 – Richard Curtis, British screenwriter
  • 1957 – Porl Thompson, British musician (The Cure)
  • 1957 – Alan Curbishley, English football manager
  • 1958 – Don Byron, American clarinetist
  • 1960 – Oleg Menshikov, Russian actor
  • 1960 – Michael Nyqvist, Swedish actor
  • 1961 – Leif Garrett, American singer
  • 1965 – Jeff Blauser, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Craig Chester, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Gordon Ramsay, British chef and reality television personality
  • 1967 – Courtney Thorne-Smith, American actress
  • 1967 – Henry Rodriguez, Dominican Republic baseball player
  • 1968 – Parker Posey, American actress
  • 1968 – Zara Whites, Dutch actress
  • 1968 – Sergio Porrini, Italian footballer
  • 1969 – Roxana Zal, American actress
  • 1970 – Tom Anderson, co-founder of MySpace
  • 1970 – José Francisco Porras, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1970 – Diana King, Jamaican singer
  • 1971 – Carlos Atanes, Spanish film director
  • 1971 – Aaron Yates (Tech N9NE), American rapper
  • 1972 – Gretchen Mol, American actress
  • 1974 – Masashi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author
  • 1974 – Seishi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author
  • 1975 – Tara Reid, American actress
  • 1975 – José Pinto, Spanish footballer
  • 1976 – Brett Lee, Australian cricketer
  • 1976 – Colin Strause, American director
  • 1977 – Bucky Covington, American entertainer
  • 1977 – Jully Black, Canadian R&B singer
  • 1977 – Nick Punto, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Ali Karimi, Iranian footballer
  • 1978 – Júlio Sérgio Bertagnoli, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978 – Tim de Cler, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Maurice Evans, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Spyros Gogolos, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Aaron Hughes, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Joe Cole, English footballer
  • 1982 – Mika Kallio, Finnish Grand Prix motorcycle racer
  • 1983 – Kat Shoob, British television presenter
  • 1983 – Blanka Vlašic, Croatian high jumper
  • 1983 – Remko Pasveer, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Nayanthara, Indian actress
  • 1985 – Jack Osbourne, English television star
  • 2003 – Lady Louise Windsor, British royal

November 8 – Deaths:

  • 911 – Louis the Child, last Carolingian ruler of the East Franks (b. 893)
  • 955 – Pope Agapetus II
  • 1171 – Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut (b. 1108)
  • 1195 – Conrad of Hohenstaufen
  • 1226 – King Louis VIII of France (b. 1187)
  • 1246 – Berenguela of Castile, wife of Alfonso IX of Castile (b. 1180)
  • 1308 – Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher
  • 1517 – Francisco Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros, Spanish statesman (b. 1436)
  • 1527 – Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)
  • 1599 – Francisco Guerrero, Spanish composer (b. 1528)
  • 1600 – Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
  • 1605 – Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)
  • 1658 – Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (b. 1599)
  • 1674 – John Milton, English poet (b. 1608)
  • 1719 – Michel Rolle, French mathematician (b. 1652)
  • 1817 – Andrea Appiani, Italian painter (b. 1754)
  • 1830 – King Francis I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1777)
  • 1887 – Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter (b. 1851)
  • 1890 – César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (b. 1822)
  • 1905 – Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (b. 1870)
  • 1917 – Colin Blythe, English cricketer (b. 1879)
  • 1921 – Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
  • 1934 – Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (b. 1879)
  • 1944 – Walter Nowotny, Austrian/German fighter pilot (b. 1920)
  • 1945 – August von Mackensen, German field marshal (b. 1849)
  • 1949 – Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian clergyman (b. 1874)
  • 1953 – Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
  • 1953 – John van Melle, South African author (b. 1887)
  • 1959 – Frank Sherman Land, founder of DeMolay International (b. 1890)
  • 1965 – Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1913)
  • 1968 – Wendell Corey, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1970 – Huw Thomas Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Ivory Joe Hunter, American R&B singer, pianist and songwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1977 – Bucky Harris, baseball player (b. 1896)
  • 1978 – Norman Rockwell, American illustrator (b. 1894)
  • 1979 – Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Mordecai Kaplan, Rabbi, founded Reconstructionist Judaism (b. 1881)
  • 1985 – Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgish cyclist (b. 1899)
  • 1986 – Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician (b. 1890)
  • 1993 – Andrey Nikolayevich Tychonoff, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Michael O’Donoghue, American writer (b. 1940)
  • 1998 – Jean Marais, French actor (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1941)
  • 1999 – Leon Štukelj, Slovenian gymnast (b. 1898)
  • 2002 – Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (b. 1931)
  • 2003 – Bob Grant, English actor (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – C. Z. Guest, American socialite (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Guy Speranza, American singer, original Riot frontman (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – David Westheimer, American novelist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Alekos Alexandrakis, Greek actor (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Chad Varah founder of charity The Samaritans (b. 1911)

November 8-Holidays:

  • Mundus patet: a harvest feast involving the dead.
  • Synaxis of the Archangel Michael and the other Bodiless Powers of Heaven in Greece, Cyprus and all other Eastern Orthodox Churches worldwide.
  • Saint Demetrius Day (Mitrovdan) in Yugoslavia (Eastern Orthodox).
  • Feast of Blessed Elizabeth of the Trinity in the Catholic Church

 

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On This Day in History November 7

November 7 – Events:

  • 1492 – The Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.
  • 1665 – The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.
  • 1786 – The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.
  • 1811 – Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, United States.
  • 1837 – In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Belmont: In Belmont, Missouri, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant overrun a Confederate camp but are forced to retreat when Confederate reinforcements arrive.
  • 1874 – A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.
  • 1885 – In Craigellachie, British Columbia, construction ends on the Canadian Pacific Railway railway extending across Canada.
  • 1893 – Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote.
  • 1900 – Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.
  • 1907 – Delta Sigma Pi was founded at New York University.
  • 1910 – The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
  • 1912 – The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven’s Fidelio.
  • 1914 – The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
  • 1914 – The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
  • 1916 – Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the United States Congress.
  • 1917 – Russian Revolution: In Petrograd, Russia, Bolshevik leaders Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky lead revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government (As Russia was still using the Julian Calendar, subsequent period references show the date as October 25).
  • 1917 – World War I: Third Battle of Gaza ends: British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1918 – The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.
  • 1921 – The Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF), National Fascist Party, comes into existence.
  • 1929 – In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public.
  • 1931 – The Chinese Soviet Republic is proclaimed on the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution.
  • 1933 – Fiorello H. LaGuardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
  • 1940 – In Tacoma, Washington, the middle section of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (“Galloping Gertie”) collapses in a windstorm, a mere four months after the bridge’s completion.
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet hospital ship Armenia was sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimea’s hospitals. It is estimated that over 5,000 people died in the sinking.
  • 1941 – Holocaust: In Nemyriv, Ukraine, German fascists murder 2580 Jews.
  • 1944 – A passenger train derails in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico from excessive speed when descending a hill. 16 people were killed and 50 were injured.
  • 1956 – Suez Crisis: The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.
  • 1957 – Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
  • 1963 – Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.
  • 1967 – Carl B. Stokes is elected as Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major American city.
  • 1967 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
  • 1973 – The U.S. Congress overrides President Richard M. Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval.
  • 1983 – United States Senate bombing: a bomb explodes inside the U.S. Capitol Building.
  • 1987 – In Tunisia, president Habib Bourguiba is overthrown and replaced by Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
  • 1989 – Douglas Wilder wins the governor’s seat in Virginia, becoming the first elected African American governor in the United States.
  • 1989 – David Dinkins becomes the first African American mayor of New York City.
  • 1989 – East German Prime Minister Willi Stoph, along with his entire cabinet, is forced to resign after huge anti-government protests.
  • 1990 – Mary Robinson becomes the first woman to be elected President of the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1991 – Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA.
  • 1996 – NASA launches the Mars Global Surveyor.
  • 1996 – A Nigerian Boeing 727 crashes into a lagoon 40 miles southeast of Lagos, killing 143.
  • 2000 – Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first former First Lady to win public office in the United States, although actually she still was the First Lady.
  • 2000 – The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country’s largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas.
  • 2001 – The supersonic commercial aircraft Concorde resumes flying after a 15-month hiatus.
  • 2002 – Iran bans advertising of United States products.
  • 2004 – War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day “state of emergency” as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • 2007 – Jokela school shooting in Tuusula, Finland, resulting in the death of nine people.

November 7 – Birthdays:

  • 630 – Constans II, Byzantine emperor (d. 668)
  • 994 – Ibn Hazm, Arab philosopher (d. 1069)
  • 1598 – Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter (d. 1664)
  • 1619 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (d. 1692)
  • 1650 – John Robinson, English diplomat (d. 1723)
  • 1687 – William Stukeley, English archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1750 – Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)
  • 1805 – Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor (d. 1870)
  • 1818 – Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Andrew Dickson White, American co-founder and first president of Cornell University (d. 1918)
  • 1838 – Auguste Villiers de l’Isle-Adam, French writer (d. 1889)
  • 1846 – Ignaz Brüll, Austrian pianist (d. 1907)
  • 1851 – Chris von der Ahe, German born entrepreneur (d. 1913)
  • 1858 – Bipin Chandra Pal, Indian freedom fighter, (d. 1932)
  • 1860 – Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (d. 1936)
  • 1861 – Jeff Milton, American lawman (d. 1947)
  • 1867 – Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Polish-born chemist and physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics and in chemistry (d. 1934)
  • 1875 – Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet politician (d. 1946)
  • 1876 – Charlie Townsend, English cricketer (d. 1958)
  • 1879 – King Baggot, American actor (d. 1948)
  • 1879 – Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary (d. 1940)
  • 1886 – Aron Nimzowitsch, Latvian-born chess player (d. 1935)
  • 1888 – Sir C. V. Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Leatrice Joy, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Esdras Minville, Quebec writer, economist and sociologist (d. 1975)
  • 1897 – Herman J. Mankiewicz, American writer, director, and producer (d. 1953)
  • 1898 – Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1901 – Norah McGuinness, Northern Irish painter and illustrator (d. 1980)
  • 1903 – Dean Jagger, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1903 – Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Grace Stafford, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – William Alwyn, English composer (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Albert Camus, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
  • 1914 – Archie Campbell, American comedian, writer (d. 1987)
  • 1915 – Philip Morrison, American scientist (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Billy Graham, American evangelist
  • 1918 – Maria Teresa de Noronha, Portuguese Fado singer
  • 1918 – Paul Aussaresses, French general
  • 1922 – Al Hirt, American trumpeter (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Dame Joan Sutherland, Australian operatic soprano
  • 1927 – Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese computer game executive
  • 1927 – Ivor Emmanuel, Welsh singer and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Eric R. Kandel, Austrian-born neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1929 – Jesús de Polanco, Spanish businessman and media tycoon (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Dame Gwyneth Jones, Welsh soprano
  • 1937 – Mary Travers, American folk singer (Peter, Paul & Mary)
  • 1938 – Jim Kaat, American baseball player
  • 1938 – Dee Clark, American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1942 – Johnny Rivers, American singer and composer
  • 1942 – Jean Shrimpton, British supermodel and actress
  • 1943 – Michael Byrne, English actor
  • 1943 – Stephen Greenblatt, American literary critic
  • 1943 – Boris Gromov, Russian general
  • 1943 – Joni Mitchell, Canadian musician
  • 1943 – Michael Spence, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1944 – Joe Niekro, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Luigi Riva, Italian footballer
  • 1944 – Ken Patera, American professional wrestler
  • 1947 – Bob Anderson, English darts player
  • 1947 – Yutaka Fukumoto, Japanese professional baseball player
  • 1948 – Alex Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1949 – Steven Stucky, American composer
  • 1949 – Judy Tenuta, American comedian
  • 1952 – David Petraeus, Commanding General of Multinational Force Iraq
  • 1954 – Kamal Haasan, Indian actor
  • 1955 – Detlef Ultsch, German judoka
  • 1957 – Christopher Knight, American actor
  • 1958 – Lori Saldaña, American politician
  • 1959 – Billy Gillispie, American basketball coach
  • 1959 – Alexandre Guimarães, Costa Rican football manager
  • 1960 – Tommy Thayer, American guitarist (Kiss)
  • 1962 – Tracie Savage, American actress and journalist
  • 1963 – John Barnes, English footballer
  • 1964 – Dana Plato, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1964 – Gill Holland, American producer
  • 1965 – Sigrun Wodars, German athlete
  • 1967 – Sharleen Spiteri Scottish singer and songwriter (Texas)
  • 1967 – Steve Digiorgio, American musician. Bass from Sadus, Testament and Death
  • 1968 – Greg Tribbett, American musician (Mudvayne)
  • 1968 – Mark Preston, Australian engineer
  • 1969 – Hélène Grimaud, French pianist
  • 1969 – Michelle Clunie, American actress
  • 1970 – Neil Hannon, Northern Irish musician (The Divine Comedy)
  • 1970 – Andy Houston, American NASCAR driver
  • 1970 – Marc Rosset, Swiss tennis player
  • 1970 – Morgan Spurlock, American director and producer
  • 1971 – Jamie Drummond, Scottish/Canadian Sommelier
  • 1971 – Robin Finck, American musician
  • 1972 – Jason London & Jeremy London, American actors
  • 1972 – Danny Grewcock, English rugby union player
  • 1972 – Christopher Daniel Barnes, American actor
  • 1972 – Mike Goldman, Australian media personality
  • 1973 – Yunjin Kim, South Korean actress
  • 1973 – Martín Palermo, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Kris Benson, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Chris Summers, Norwegian drummer (Turbonegro)
  • 1975 – Stephen Alexander, American football tight end
  • 1976 – Mark Philippoussis, Australian tennis player
  • 1976 – Melyssa Ford, Canadian model and actress
  • 1976 – One Be Lo, hip-hop artist
  • 1978 – Rio Ferdinand, English footballer
  • 1978 – Jan Vennegoor of Hesselink, Dutch footballer
  • 1978 – Tomoya Nagase, Japanese actor and singer (TOKIO)
  • 1979 – Will Demps, American football player
  • 1979 – Joey Ryan, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Jon Peter Lewis, American singer
  • 1979 – Mike Commodore, American professional hockey player
  • 1979 – Danny Fonseca, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1979 – Barney Harwood, CBBC presenter
  • 1980 – Gervasio Deferr, Spanish gymnast
  • 1980 – James Franklin, New Zealand Cricket player
  • 1980 – Luciana Salazar, Argentine model and actress
  • 1981 – Lily Thai, Asian porn star
  • 1981 – Muhammad Hassan, professional wrestler
  • 1981 – Anthony Moffat, Scottish musician, writer and film-maker
  • 1981 – Anushka Shetty, Tollywood Film Actress
  • 1986 – Sol Aranza, Mexican voice actress
  • 1990 – Matt Corby, Australian singer

November 7 – Deaths:

  • 644 – Umar ibn al-Khattab, Second caliph of Islam
  • 1225 – Engelbert II of Berg, Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1550 – Jon Arason, the last Roman Catholic bishop of Iceland prior to the reformation, beheaded in Skalholt with his two sons Are and Bjorn. (b. 1484)
  • 1574 – Solomon Luria, Maharshal (b. 1510)
  • 1581 – Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
  • 1599 – Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)
  • 1620 – Hetman Stanislaw Zólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Tutora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • 1633 – Cornelius Jacobszoon Drebbel, Dutch inventor (b. 1572)
  • 1639 – Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, English politician
  • 1642 – Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • 1713 – Elizabeth Barry, English actress (b. 1658)
  • 1837 – Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (b. 1809)
  • 1872 – Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
  • 1881 – John MacHale, Irish Archbishop (Tuam) and writer (b. 1791)
  • 1906 – Heinrich Seidel, German engineer, poet and writer (b. 1842)
  • 1910 (O.S.) – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (b. 1828)
  • 1913 – Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist and biologist (b. 1823)
  • 1919 – Hugo Haase, German politician and jurist (b. 1863)
  • 1922 – Sam Thompson, baseball player (b. 1860)
  • 1943 – Dwight Frye, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1944 – Richard Sorge, Soviet spy (b. 1895)
  • 1944 – Hannah Szenes, Jewish woman who parachuted into Yugoslavia during World War II to help save the Jews of Hungary (b. 1921)
  • 1959 – Victor McLaglen, British-born actor (b. 1883)
  • 1962 – Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (b. 1884)
  • 1966 – Rube Bressler, Baseball player (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – John Nance Garner, U.S. Congressman and Vice President (b. 1868)
  • 1968 – Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1974 – Eric Linklater, British author (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Gene Tunney, heavyweight boxing champion (b. 1897)
  • 1980 – Steve McQueen, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 1983 – Germaine Tailleferre, French composer (b. 1892)
  • 1986 – Tracy Pew, Australian musician (The Birthday Party) (b. 1957)
  • 1991 – Carter Cornelius, American R&B musician (Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose) (b. 1948)
  • 1991 – Tom of Finland, Finnish fetish artist (b. 1920)
  • 1992 – Alexander Dubcek, Slovakian politician (b. 1921)
  • 1992 – Jack Kelly, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Shorty Rogers, American jazz musician (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Jaja Wachuku, Nigerian Lawyer and First Foreign Affairs Minister (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Claude Ake, Nigerian political scientist
  • 2000 – C Subramaniam, Indian politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Queen Ingrid, Queen Dowager of Denmark (b. 1910)
  • 2001 – Nida Blanca, Filipino actress (b. 1936)
  • 2002 – Rudolf Augstein, German publisher (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Howard Keel, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Anthony Sawoniuk, Belarusian-born Nazi war criminal (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Harry Thompson, English-born comedian and novelist (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Bryan Pata, American football defensive tackle (University of Miami) (murdered) (b. 1981)
  • 2006 – Johnny Sain, American baseball pitcher (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Earl Dodge, American politician (Prohibition Party) (b. 1932)

November 7 – Holidays:

  • Christianity – Saint Willibrord, Prosdocimus, Herculanus of Perugia, Vicente Liem de la Paz
  • Northern Catalonia – National Day, after Treaty of Pyrenees.
  • Day of the October Revolution (1917) in the Gregorian Calendar, an official holiday in the Soviet Union; unofficially commemorated in modern Russia.

 

 

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On This Day in History November 6

November 6 – Events:

  • 355 – Roman Emperor Constantius II promotes his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar, entrusting him with the government of the Prefecture of the Gauls.
  • 1528 – Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in Texas.
  • 1632 – Death of King Gustavus Adolphus the Great of Sweden in the Battle of Lützen during the Thirty Years War.
  • 1789 – Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States.
  • 1844 – The first constitution of the Dominican Republic is adopted.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels.
  • 1869 – In New Brunswick, New Jersey, Rutgers University defeats Princeton University, 6-4, in the first official intercollegiate American football game.
  • 1913 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
  • 1917 – World War I: Third Battle of Ypres ends: After three months of fierce fighting, Canadian forces take Passchendaele in Belgium.
  • 1918 – The Second Polish Republic is proclaimed in Poland.
  • 1925 – Secret agent Sidney Reilly is executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.
  • 1928 – Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries to commemorate the king.
  • 1931 – Indian spiritual leader Meher Baba arrives in the United States for the first time aboard the SS Roma.
  • 1935 – Before the New York section of the Institute of Radio Engineers, Edwin Armstrong presents his paper “A Method of Reducing Disturbances in Radio Signaling by a System of Frequency Modulation.”
  • 1935 – First flight of the Hawker Hurricane.
  • 1939 – World War II: Sonderaktion Krakau
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin addresses the Soviet Union for only the second time during his three-decade rule. He states that even though 350,000 troops were killed in German attacks so far, the Germans had lost 4.5 million soldiers and that Soviet victory was near.
  • 1943 – World War II: Russia recaptures Kiev. Before withdrawing, the Germans destroy most of the city’s ancient buildings.
  • 1944 – Plutonium is first produced at the Hanford Atomic Facility, subsequently used in the Fat Man Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.
  • 1947 – Meet The Press makes its television debut (the show went to a weekly schedule on September 12, 1948).
  • 1957 – Félix Gaillard becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1962 – Apartheid: The United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution condemning South Africa’s racist apartheid policies and calls for all UN member states to cease military and economic relations with the nation.
  • 1963 – Vietnam War: Following the November 1 coup and execution of President Ngo Dinh Diem, coup leader General Duong Van Minh takes over leadership of South Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Cuba and the United States formally agree to start an airlift for Cubans who want to go to the United States. By 1971, 250,000 Cubans will use this program.
  • 1971 – The AEC tests the largest U.S. underground hydrogen bomb, code-named Cannikin, on Amchitka Island in the Aleutians.
  • 1975 – Green March begins: 300,000 unarmed Moroccans converge on the southern city of Tarfaya and wait for a signal from King Hassan II of Morocco to cross into Western Sahara.
  • 1977 – The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia, fails, killing 39.
  • 1985 – In Colombia, leftist guerrillas of the April 19 Movement seize control of the Palace of Justice in Bogotá, eventually killing 115 people, 11 of them Supreme Court justices.
  • 1985 – “Irangate” scandal: The American press reveals that US President Ronald Reagan had authorized the shipment of arms to Iran.
  • 1986 Sumburgh disaster – a British International Helicopters Boeing 234LR Chinook crashed 2.5 miles east of Sumburgh Airport killing 45 people. The deadliest civilian helicopter crash on record.
  • 1999 – Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.
  • 2002 – 12 people are killed in a fire on board a train headed for Vienna from Paris.
  • 2004 – An express train collides with a stationary car near the village of Ufton Nervet, England, killing 6 and injuring 150.
  • 2005 – The Evansville Tornado of November 2005 kills 25 in Northwestern Kentucky and Southwestern Indiana.
  • 2005 – The military junta of Myanmar begins moving its government ministries from Yangon to Pyinmana.

November 6-Birthdays:

  • 1391 – Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician (d. 1425)
  • 1479 – Joanna I of Castile, queen of Spain (d. 1555)
  • 1494 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1566)
  • 1550 – Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden (d. 1612)
  • 1661 – King Charles II of Spain (d. 1700)
  • 1692 – Louis Racine, French poet (d. 1763)
  • 1753 – Mikhail Kozlovsky, Russian sculptor (d. 1802)
  • 1753 – Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (d. 1823)
  • 1814 – Adolphe Sax, Belgian inventor (d. 1894)
  • 1833 – Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (d. 1908)
  • 1841 – Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • 1841 – Armand Fallières, French president (d. 1931)
  • 1851 – Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (d.1902)
  • 1854 – John Philip Sousa, American composer (d. 1932)
  • 1855 – Ezra Seymour Gosney, American philanthropist and eugenicist (d. 1942)
  • 1860 – Ignace Paderewski, Polish pianist, composer, and President of Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1861 – James Naismith, Canadian inventor of basketball (d. 1939)
  • 1880 – Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (d. 1942)
  • 1880 – Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Thomas Ince, American movie actor, director, producer. (d. 1924)
  • 1887 – Walter Johnson, American baseball player (d. 1946)
  • 1892 – Harold Ross, American editor (d. 1951)
  • 1893 – Edsel Ford, president of Ford Motor Company (d. 1943)
  • 1906 – James D. Norris, sportsman and businessman (Chicago Blackhawks) (d. 1966)
  • 1914 – Jonathan Harris, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Ray Conniff, American composer and conductor (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – James Jones, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 1924 – Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler, AKA Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Frank Carson, Northern Irish comedian
  • 1931 – Peter Collins, English race car driver (d. 1958)
  • 1931 – Mike Nichols, American film director
  • 1932 – Stonewall Jackson, American country singer
  • 1937 – Joe Warfield, American actor
  • 1938 – Mack Jones, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Jim Pike, American singer (The Lettermen)
  • 1938 – P.J. Proby, American-born singer and actor
  • 1938 – Diana E. H. Russell, South African feminist writer and activist
  • 1938 – Dumitru Rusu, Romanian painter
  • 1939 – Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • 1940 – Ruth Messinger, Manhattan Borough President and President of the American Jewish World Service
  • 1946 – Sally Field, American actress
  • 1946 – Fred Penner, Canadian children’s entertainer
  • 1947 – Jim Rosenthal, English sports presenter
  • 1947 – George Young, Australian musician (AC/DC)
  • 1948 – Glenn Frey, American singer (Eagles)
  • 1949 – Brad Davis, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1949 – Arturo Sandoval, Cuban-born trumpeter
  • 1949 – Joseph C. Wilson, Vice Chairman of Jarch Capital, LLC
  • 1949 – Nigel Havers, English actor
  • 1951 – Peter Althin, Swedish politician and attorney
  • 1952 – Michael Cunningham, American writer
  • 1954 – Catherine Crier, American television personality
  • 1955 – Maria Shriver, American journalist
  • 1957 – Klaus Kleinfeld, German industrialist
  • 1957 – Siobhán McCarthy, Irish singer and actress
  • 1957 – Lori Singer, American actress
  • 1958 – Trace Beaulieu, American comic actor best known for his work in Mystery Science Theater 3000
  • 1960 – Michael Cerveris, American actor
  • 1961 – Florent Pagny, French songwriter and singer
  • 1961 – Kazuhiko Aoki, Japanese game creator
  • 1961 – Craig Goldy, guitarist for the band Dio
  • 1962 – Aznil Nawawi, Malaysian host, actor and singer
  • 1963 – Rozz Williams, American musician (Christian Death) (d. 1998)
  • 1964 – Kerry Conran, American filmmaker
  • 1964 – Corey Glover, American musician (Living Color)
  • 1964 – Greg Graffin, American singer (Bad Religion)
  • 1966 – Paul Gilbert, American guitarist and singer
  • 1966 – Christian Lorenz, German keyboardist (Rammstein)
  • 1966 – Peter DeLuise, American actor and director
  • 1967 – Rebecca Schaeffer, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1968 – Alfred Williams, American football player
  • 1968 – Jerry Yang, Chinese American entrepreneur (Yahoo!, Inc.)
  • 1968 – Kelly Rutherford, American actress
  • 1970 – Ethan Hawke, American actor
  • 1972 – Garry Flitcroft, English footballer
  • 1972 – Thandie Newton, English actress
  • 1972 – Rebecca Romijn, American actress
  • 1972 – Deivi Cruz, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Nell McAndrew, British model
  • 1976 – Mike Herrera, American singer and bassist (MxPx)
  • 1976 – Jodi Martin, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Pat Tillman, American football player (d. 2004)
  • 1976 – Catherine Clark, Canadian journalist (also daughter of former Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark)
  • 1977 – Patrícia Tavares, Portuguese actress
  • 1978 – Sandrine Blancke, Belgian actress
  • 1978 – Daniella Cicarelli, Brazilian model and television host
  • 1978 – Jolina Magdangal, Filipina singer, actress and television host
  • 1978 – Taryn Manning, American actress
  • 1978 – Zak Morioka, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1979 – Lamar Odom, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Cassie Bernall, American murder victim (d. 1999)
  • 1981 – Lee Dong Wook, South Korean actor
  • 1983 – Janette McBride, Filipino actress
  • 1982 – Sowelu, Japanese pop singer
  • 1987 – Ana Ivanovic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1988 – Erik Lund, Swedish football player
  • 1988 – Emma Stone, American actress
  • 1989 – Jozy Altidore, American soccer player

November 6-Deaths:

  • 1231 – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (b. 1196)
  • 1406 – Pope Innocent VII
  • 1492 – Antoine Busnois, French composer
  • 1550 – Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1487)
  • 1632 – King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (b. 1594)
  • 1656 – King John IV of Portugal (b. 1603)
  • 1656 – Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (b. 1583)
  • 1692 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (b. 1619)
  • 1752 – Ralph Erskine, Scottish minister (b. 1685)
  • 1771 – John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (b. 1695)
  • 1790 – James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician (b. 1726)
  • 1796 – Catherine II of Russia (b. 1729)
  • 1816 – Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (b. 1752)
  • 1822 – Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (b. 1748)
  • 1836 – King Charles X of France (b. 1757)
  • 1846 – Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and activist (b. 1800)
  • 1846 – Alexander Chavchavadze, Georgian poet and general
  • 1893 – Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (b. 1840)
  • 1910 – Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer (b. 1838)
  • 1929 – Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1867)
  • 1936 – Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Maurice Leblanc, French novelist (b. 1864)
  • 1960 – Erich Raeder, German grand admiral (b. 1876)
  • 1964 – Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1863)
  • 1964 – Hugo Koblet, Swiss cyclist (b. 1925)
  • 1965 – Edgard Varèse, French composer (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Clarence Williams, American musician (b. 1898)
  • 1968 – Charles Munch, French conductor and violinist (b. 1891)
  • 1968 – Charles B. McVay III, Ex-U.S. Navy Captain (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Agustín Lara, Mexican composer and poet (b. 1900)
  • 1978 – Harry Bertoia, Italian artist and designer (b. 1915)
  • 1978 – Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist and dramatist (b. 1929)
  • 1985 – Joel Crothers, Soap Opera Actor (b. 1941)
  • 1986 – Elisabeth Grümmer, Alsatian soprano (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Zohar Argov, Israeli singer (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Yusaku Matsuda, Japanese actor (b. 1949)
  • 1989 – Dickie Goodman, creator of “break-in” records (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Gene Tierney, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1995 – Aneta Corsaut, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Marcel Gauthier, Canadian wrestler (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – David R. Brower, American environmentalist (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – L. Sprague de Camp, American writer (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Anthony Shaffer, English dramatist (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Sid Sackson, American board game designer (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Crash Holly, American professional wrestler (b. 1971)
  • 2003 – Rie Mastenbroek, Dutch swimmer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Eduardo Palomo, Mexican actor (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Fred Dibnah, English television personality (b. 1938)
  • 2004 – Johnny Warren, Australian soccer player (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Minako Honda, Japanese singer and musical actress (b. 1967)
  • 2005 – Rod Donald, New Zealand Politician, Green Party Co-leader (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Miguel Aceves Mejía, Mexican actor, composer and singer (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Federico (Fico) López, Puerto Rican basketball player (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Francisco Fernández Ochoa, Spanish alpine skier (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Hilda Braid, English actress (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – George Grljusich, Australian sports broadcaster (b. c1939)
  • 2007 – Sayed Mustafa Kazemi, Afghan politician (b. c1962)
  • 2007 – George Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Hank Thompson, American singer (b. 1925)

November 6 – Holidays:

  • Catholic Saints – November 6is the feast day of the following Catholic Saints:
    • St. Leonard of Noblac
    • St. Winnoc
    • Dominican Republic – Constitution Day (1844)
    • Finland – The Finnish Swedish Heritage Day and an official flag day
    • Sweden – Death of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and official flag day
    • Tajikistan – Constitution Day (1994)

 

 

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