On This Day in History March 15

March 15 – Events:

  • 44 BC – Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March.
  • 221 – Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself emperor of Shu-Han and claims his legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty.
  • 351 – Constantius II elevates his cousin Gallus to Caesar, and puts him in charge of the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.
  • 933 – After a ten-year truce, German King Henry I defeats a Hungarian army at the Battle of Riade near the Unstrut river.
  • 1311 – Battle of Halmyros: The Catalan Company defeats Walter V of Brienne to take control of the Duchy of Athens, a Crusader state in Greece.
  • 1493 – Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first trip to the Americas.
  • 1545 – First meeting of the Council of Trent.
  • 1672 – Charles II of England issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence.
  • 1776 – South Carolina becomes the first American colony to declare its independence from Great Britain and set up its own government.
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Guilford Courthouse – Near present-day Greensboro, North Carolina, 1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis defeat an American force numbering 4,400.
  • 1783 – In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d’etat never takes place.
  • 1820 – Maine becomes the 23rd U.S. state.
  • 1848 – A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
  • 1873 – The Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity is founded at Massachusetts Agricultural College.
  • 1877 – The first Test cricket match begins between England and Australia.
  • 1906 – Rolls-Royce Limited is incorporated.
  • 1916 – President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the U.S.- Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa.
  • 1917 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates the Russian throne and his brother the Grand Duke becomes Tsar.
  • 1919 – The American Legion forms in Paris.
  • 1922 – After Egypt gains nominal independence from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.
  • 1926 – The dictator Theodoros Pangalos is elected President of Greece without opposition.
  • 1933 – Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss keeps members of the National Council from convening, starting the austrofascist dictatorship.
  • 1939 – World War II: German troops occupy the remaining part of Bohemia and Moravia; Czechoslovakia ceases to exist.
  • 1943 – World War II: Third Battle of Kharkov – the Germans retake the city of Kharkov from the Soviet armies in bitter street fighting.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino – Allied aircraft bomb the German-held monastery and stage an assault.
  • 1952 – In Cilaos, Réunion, 1870 mm (73 inches) of rain falls in one day, setting a new world record.
  • 1961 – South Africa withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1965 – President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to the Selma crisis, tells U.S. Congress “We shall overcome” while advocating the Voting Rights Act.
  • 1970 – The Expo ’70 world’s fair opens in Osaka, Japan.
  • 1985 – The first Internet domain name is registered (symbolics.com).
  • 1988 – The Halabja poison gas attack of the Iran-Iraq War begins.
  • 1989 – The United States Department of Veterans Affairs is established.
  • 1990 – Gulf War: Iraq hangs British journalist Farzad Bazoft for spying.
  • 1990 – Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first executive president of the Soviet Union.
  • 1990 – The ethnic clashes of Târgu Mures begin on the anniversary of the Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas.
  • 1991 – Germany formally regains complete independence after the four post-World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights.
  • 2003 – Hu Jintao takes over presidency for the People’s Republic of China.

March 15 – Birthdays:

  • 938 – Romanos II, Byzantine emperor (d. 963)
  • 1275 – Margaret Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1318)
  • 1455 – Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1532)
  • 1493 – Anne de Montmorency, Constable of France (d. 1567)
  • 1591 – Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660)
  • 1638 – Shunzhi Emperor of China
  • 1666 – George Bähr, German architect (d. 1738)
  • 1684 – Francesco Durante, Italian composer (d. 1755)
  • 1713 – Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (d. 1762)
  • 1767 – Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States (d. 1845)
  • 1779 – Lord Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (d. 1848)
  • 1790 – Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
  • 1791 – Charles Knight, English publisher (d. 1873)
  • 1809 – Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia (d. 1876)
  • 1809 – Karl Josef von Hefele, German theologian (d. 1893)
  • 1813 – John Snow, English epidemiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1821 – William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)
  • 1821 – Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)
  • 1824 – Jules Chevalier, French priest (d. 1907)
  • 1830 – Paul Heyse, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1914)
  • 1830 – Élisée Reclus, French geographer (d. 1905)
  • 1831 – Daniel Comboni, Italian missionary (d. 1881)
  • 1835 – Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (d. 1916)
  • 1835 – John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • 1838 – Karl Davydov, Russian cellist (d. 1889)
  • 1851 – William Mitchell Ramsay, Scottish archaeologist (d. 1939)
  • 1852 – Augusta, Lady Gregory, Anglo-Irish dramatist (d. 1932)
  • 1854 – Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1864 – Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian composer (d. 1935)
  • 1866 – Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (d. 1948)
  • 1866 – Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)
  • 1868 – Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Stanislaw Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1874 – Eugène Fiset, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1951)
  • 1882 – Jim Lightbody, American runner (d. 1953)
  • 1884 – Angelos Sikelianos, Greek poet and playwright, Nobel Prize for Literature candidate (d. 1951)
  • 1887 – Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Boris Nikolaevich Delaunay, Russian mathematician (d. 1980)
  • 1892 – James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)
  • 1897 – Jackson Scholz, American runner (d. 1986)
  • 1899 – George Brent, American film actor (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Berthold von Stauffenberg, German lawyer and Nazi opponent (d. 1944)
  • 1907 – Zarah Leander, Swedish actress and singer (d. 1981)
  • 1912 – Lightnin’ Hopkins, American musician (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Louis Paul Boon, Flemish journalist and novelist (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – MacDonald Carey, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Jack Fairman, British racing driver (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Joe E. Ross, American actor and comedian (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – Harry James, American musician and band leader (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Fadil Hoxha, Yugoslav politician (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – Richard Ellmann, American biographer (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – Punch Imlach, Canadian hockey coach and general manager (d. 1987)
  • 1919 – Lawrence Tierney, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1921 – Stafford Smythe, Canadian hockey executive (d. 1971)
  • 1924 – Walter Gotell, German actor (d. 1997)
  • 1925 – Bert Bolin, Swedish meteorologist
  • 1926 – Norm Van Brocklin, American football player (d. 1983)
  • 1926 – Ben Johnston, American composer
  • 1927 – Stanislaw Kania, Polish politician
  • 1927 – Carl Smith, American singer
  • 1927 – Christian Marquand, French actor and director (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Cecil Taylor, American jazz pianist
  • 1930 – Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 – Alan Bean, American astronaut
  • 1933 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1933 – Philippe de Broca, French film director (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Aldo Giorgini, Italian artist
  • 1935 – Judd Hirsch, American actor
  • 1935 – Jimmy Swaggart, American televangelist
  • 1936 – Paul Zindel, American author, playwright, and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1936 – Howard Greenfield, American songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1936 – David Andrews, Irish politician
  • 1939 – Jack Whyte, Scottish-Canadian author
  • 1940 – Phil Lesh, American musician (Grateful Dead)
  • 1940 – Frank Dobson, British politician
  • 1941 – Mike Love, American musician (The Beach Boys)
  • 1943 – David Cronenberg, Canadian film director
  • 1943 – Hossein Khosrow Ali Vaziri, aka Iron Sheik, professional wrestler
  • 1944 – Sly Stone, American musician
  • 1944 – Jacques Doillon, French film director
  • 1944 – Chi Cheng, Taiwanese athlete and politician
  • 1945 – A. K. Faezul Huq, Bengali lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Mark J. Green, American public official
  • 1946 – Bobby Bonds, American baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1946 – Masaharu Sato, Japanese seiyu
  • 1946 – Howard E. Scott, American musician (War)
  • 1947 – Ry Cooder, American guitarist
  • 1948 – Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (d. 2003)
  • 1948 – Kate Bornstein, American author
  • 1950 – Jørgen Olsen, Danish singer
  • 1952 – Howard Koh, former Massachusetts Commissioner of Public Health
  • 1953 – Richard Bruton, Irish politician
  • 1954 – Craig Wasson, American actor
  • 1955 – Dee Snider, American singer (Twisted Sister)
  • 1956 – Clay Matthews, American football player
  • 1957 – Park Overall, American actress
  • 1957 – David Silverman, American animator
  • 1957 – Víctor Muñoz, Spanish football manager
  • 1959 – Harold Baines, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Renny Harlin, Finnish film director
  • 1959 – Lisa Holton, American writer
  • 1959 – Fabio Lanzoni, Italian model
  • 1960 – Chris Sanders, American animator and director
  • 1960 – Marco Pennette, American television producer
  • 1961 – Terry Cummings, American basketball player
  • 1961 – Craig Ludwig, American ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Sananda Maitreya (formerly Terence Trent D’Arby), American singer
  • 1962 – Jimmy Baio, American actor
  • 1963 – Bret Michaels, American musician (Poison)
  • 1967 – Naoko Takeuchi, Japanese artist
  • 1968 – Kahimi Karie, Japanese singer
  • 1968 – Mark McGrath, American musician (Sugar Ray)
  • 1968 – Sabrina Salerno, Italian singer
  • 1968 – Jon Schaffer, American guitarist (Iced Earth)
  • 1969 – Rona Ambrose, Canadian politician
  • 1969 – Timo Kotipelto, Finnish musician
  • 1969 – Kim Raver, American actress
  • 1969 – Gianluca Festa, Italian footballer
  • 1969 – Yutaka Take, Japanese jockey
  • 1970 – Derek Parra, American speed skater
  • 1971 – Penny Lancaster, English model
  • 1971 – Joanne Wise, English long jumper
  • 1972 – Mark Hoppus, American musician (+44 and blink-182)
  • 1974 – Robert Fick, baseball player
  • 1975 – Eva Longoria, American actress
  • 1975 – Will.i.am, American musician
  • 1975 – Veselin Topalov, Bulgarian chess player
  • 1975 – Darcy Tucker, Canadian hockey player
  • 1976 – Jose Sanchez Zolliker, Mexican writer
  • 1977 – Joe Hahn, American musician
  • 1977 – Brian Tee, American actor
  • 1978 – Takeru Kobayashi, Japanese competitive eater
  • 1978 – Sid Wilson, American musician (Slipknot)
  • 1979 – Kevin Youkilis, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Freddie Bynum, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Mikael Forssell, Finnish footballer
  • 1981 – Young Buck, American rapper
  • 1982 – Emily Kennard, American actress
  • 1982 – Rafael Perez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1982 – Jordan Hastings, Canadian drummer in the band Alexisonfire
  • 1983 – Sean Biggerstaff, Scottish actor
  • 1983 – Daryl Murphy, Irish footballer
  • 1984 – Kostas Vassiliadis, Greek basketball player
  • 1985 – Antti Autti, Finnish snowboarder
  • 1985 – Eva Amurri, American actress
  • 1985 – Tom Chilton, British racing driver
  • 1987 – Taiwan Brown, video jockey
  • 1988 – Ever Guzman, Mexican footballer
  • 1989 – Caitlin Wachs, American actress

March 15 – Deaths:

  • 44 BC – Julius Caesar (b. 100 BC)
  • 220 – Cao Cao, King of Wei (b. 155)
  • 493 – Odoacer, King of Italy (murdered) (b. 435)
  • 1145 – Pope Lucius II
  • 1311 – Walter V of Brienne, Duke of Athens
  • 1416 – John, Duke of Berry, son of John II of France (b. 1340)
  • 1536 – Pargali Ibrahim Pasha, Grand Vizer under Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1575 – Annibale Padovano, Italian composer (b. 1527)
  • 1644 – Louise Juliana of Nassau, Regent of Bohemia (born 1576)
  • 1670 – John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (b. 1597)
  • 1673 – Salvator Rosa, Italian painter and poet (b. 1615)
  • 1701 – Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer (b. 1624)
  • 1711 – Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (b. 1645)
  • 1820 – Clemens Maria Hofbauer, patron saint of Vienna (b. 1751
  • 1842 – Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (b. 1760)
  • 1849 – Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal and linguist (b. 1774)
  • 1891 – Théodore de Banville, French writer (b. 1823)
  • 1891 – Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (b. 1819)
  • 1898 – Henry Bessemer, English metallurgist (b. 1813)
  • 1914 – Jalaleddin Ali Mir Abolfazl Angha, Sufi master (b. 1849)
  • 1937 – H. P. Lovecraft, American writer (b. 1890)
  • 1941 – Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (b. 1864)
  • 1951 – John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)
  • 1957 – Ernst Nobs, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1886)
  • 1959 – Lester Young, American musician (b. 1909)
  • 1962 – Arthur Compton, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1966 – Abe Saperstein, American basketball executive (b. 1902)
  • 1970 – Tarjei Vesaas, Norwegian writer (b. 1897)
  • 1972 – Aleksandr Ivanovich Laktionov, Russian painter (b. 1910)
  • 1975 – Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate (b. 1900)
  • 1977 – Antonino Rocca, Argentine professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Hubert Aquin, Quebec novelist, political activist and editor (b. 1929)
  • 1981 – René Clair, French film director (b. 1898)
  • 1983 – Rebecca West, English writer (b. 1892)
  • 1985 – Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer (b. 1921)
  • 1988 – Dmitri Polyakov, Soviet double-agent (b. 1926)
  • 1989 – Muhammad Jameel Didi, Maldivian poet (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Farzad Bazoft, Iranian-born journalist (hanged) (b. 1958)
  • 1990 – Tom Harmon, American football player and broadcaster (b. 1919)
  • 1991 – Bud Freeman, American jazz musician (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Mai Zetterling, Swedish actress and director (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Gail Davis, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – Victor Vasarely, Hungarian painter (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician and writer (b. 1903)
  • 2001 – Ann Sothern, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 2003 – Dame Thora Hird, British actress (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – Paul Stojanovich, Reality TV pioneer (b. 1956)
  • 2004 – Sir William Pickering, New Zealand-born space scientist (b. 1910)
  • 2004 – John Pople, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Bob Bellear, Australian judge (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Shoji Nishio, Japanese martial artist (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – George Rallis, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Red Storey, Canadian football player and hockey referee (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Charles Harrelson, American hitman and father of Woody Harrelson (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Bowie Kuhn, American commissioner of baseball (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Stuart Rosenberg, American film and television director (b. 1927)
  • 2008 – Vytautas Kernagis, Lithuanian singer, TV shows announcer (b. 1951)

March 15 – Holidays:

  • In the Roman calendar, the Ides of March.
  • International Day Against Police Brutality
  • Constitution Day in Belarus
  • National holiday in Hungary celebrating the 1848 Revolution.
  • In Japan, Honen Matsuri (harvest festival)
  • Saint Clemens Maria Hofbauer (died 1820)
  • Saint Louise of Marillac
  • Saint Leocritia
  • Saint Longinus

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On This Day in History March 14

March 14 – Events:

  • 1489 – The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice.
  • 1590 – Battle of Ivry: Henry of Navarre and the Huguenots defeat the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne during the French Wars of Religion.
  • 1647 – Thirty Years’ War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
  • 1757 – On-board the HMS Monarch, Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty.
  • 1794 – Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.
  • 1869 – Defeat of Titokowaru.
  • 1889 – German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his “Navigable Balloon.
  • 1900 – The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing United States currency on the gold standard.
  • 1903 – The Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate would later reject the treaty.
  • 1910 – Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere.
  • 1915 – World War I: Cornered off the coast of Chile by the Royal Navy after fleeing the Battle of the Falkland Islands, the German light cruiser SMS Dresden is abandoned and scuttled by her crew.
  • 1926 – A train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93.
  • 1939 – German troops fully occupy the Czechoslovak provinces of Bohemia and Moravia.
  • 1942 – John Bumstead and Orvan Hess became the first in the world to successfully treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin.
  • 1943 – World War II – The Kraków Ghetto is ‘liquidated.’
  • 1945 – World War II – The R.A.F. first operational use of the Grand Slam bomb, Bielefeld, Germany.
  • 1951 – Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul.
  • 1964 – A jury in Dallas, Texas find Jack Ruby guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of John F. Kennedy.
  • 1967 – The body of President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery.
  • 1978 – The Israeli Defense Force invades and occupies southern Lebanon, in Operation Litani.
  • 1979 – In China, a Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, killing at least 200.
  • 1980 – In Poland, a plane crashes during an emergency landing near Warsaw, killing 87 people, including a 14-man American boxing team.
  • 1984 – Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast.
  • 1994 – Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released.
  • 1995 – Space Exploration: Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on-board a Russian launch vehicle.
  • 1997 – The Chinese city of Chongqing (formerly Chunking) is upgraded to a centrally administered municipality.
  • 1998 – An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale hits southeastern Iran.
  • 2005 – Cedar Revolution, where one million Lebanese went into the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

March 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1638 – Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710)
  • 1681 – Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (d. 1767)
  • 1790 – Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (d. 1863)
  • 1804 – Johann Strauß, Sr., Austrian composer (d. 1849)
  • 1807 – Josephine of Leuchtenberg, queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1876)
  • 1813 – Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1892)
  • 1822 – Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (d. 1889)
  • 1823 – Théodore de Banville, French writer (d. 1891)
  • 1835 – Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (d. 1910)
  • 1844 – King Umberto I of Italy (d. 1900)
  • 1853 – Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter (d. 1918)
  • 1854 – Paul Ehrlich, German scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1915)
  • 1854 – Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer (d. 1920)
  • 1854 – John Lane, British publisher (d. 1925)
  • 1862 – Vilhelm Bjerknes, Norwegian physicist (d. 1961)
  • 1863 – Casey Jones, American railroad engineer (d. 1900)
  • 1866 – Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist (d. 1942)
  • 1869 – Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951)
  • 1879 – Albert Einstein, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1880 – Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Raoul Lufbery, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1886 – Firmin Lambot, Belgian cyclist (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – Sylvia Beach, American publisher (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Charles Reisner, American silent actor and film director (d. 1962)
  • 1888 – Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (d. 1970)
  • 1894 – Osa Johnson, American explorer (d. 1953)
  • 1898 – Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
  • 1899 – K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (d. 1992)
  • 1903 – Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Adolph Gottlieb American painter (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Doris Eaton Travis, American actress, Ziegfeld girl
  • 1905 – Raymond Aron, French philosopher (d. 1983)
  • 1908 – Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Maurice Merleau-Ponty, French phenomenological philosopher (d. 1961)
  • 1912 – Les Brown, American bandleader (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Charles Van Acker, Belgian racing driver (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Lee Elhardt Hays, American folksinger (d. 1981)
  • 1914 – Bill Owen, British actor (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Lee Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – Alexander Brott, Canadian conductor and composer (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Horton Foote, American author, playwright and screenwriter
  • 1918 – Dennis Patrick, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – S. Truett Cathy, founder of Chick-fil-A
  • 1922 – Les Baxter, American musician and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Diane Arbus, American photographer (d. 1971)
  • 1925 – William Clay Ford, Sr., American owner of the Detroit Lions
  • 1925 – Francis A. Marzen, American Catholic prelate (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Frank Borman, American astronaut and CEO
  • 1931 – Phil Phillips, American singer and songwriter
  • 1932 – Naina Yeltsina, Russia’s first First Lady
  • 1933 – Sir Michael Caine, British actor
  • 1933 – René Felber, former member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1933 – Quincy Jones, American musician and composer
  • 1934 – Eugene Cernan, American astronaut
  • 1934 – Paul Rader, the 15th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1936 – Bob Charles, New Zealand golfer
  • 1939 – Raymond J. Barry, American actor
  • 1939 – Bertrand Blier, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1939 – Stavros Xarhakos, Greek composer
  • 1939 – Pilar Bardem, Spanish actress
  • 1941 – Wolfgang Petersen, German director
  • 1942 – Rita Tushingham, British actress
  • 1943 – Anita Morris, American actress (d. 1994)
  • 1945 – Jasper Carrott, British comedian
  • 1945 – Michael Martin Murphey, American country music singer
  • 1945 – Walter Parazaider, American saxophonist Chicago
  • 1946 – Steve Kanaly, American actor
  • 1947 – Pam Ayres, British poet
  • 1947 – William J. Jefferson, American politician
  • 1948 – Billy Crystal, American actor and comedian
  • 1950 – Rick Dees, American disc jockey
  • 1951 – Jerry Greenfield, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream
  • 1956 – Jonathan Bowen, British computer scientist
  • 1956 – Colin Ayre, British football player
  • 1957 – Andrew Robinson, British author
  • 1957 – Tad Williams, American author
  • 1958 – Albert II, Prince of Monaco
  • 1959 – Tamara Tunie, American actress
  • 1960 – Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1961 – Greg Anderson, American NHRA driver
  • 1961 – Penny Johnson Jerald, American actress
  • 1961 – Hiro Matsushita, Japanese racing driver
  • 1963 – Bruce Reid, Australian cricketer
  • 1965 – James Kevin Brown, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Catherine Dent, American actress
  • 1965 – Aamir Khan, Indian actor
  • 1965 – Kiana Tom, American fitness guru and model
  • 1965 – Kevin Williamson, American screenwriter
  • 1966 – Elise Neal, American actress
  • 1968 – Megan Follows, Canadian actress
  • 1969 – Larry Johnson, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Ebru Kavaklioglu, Russian athlete
  • 1970 – Meredith Salenger, American actress
  • 1974 – Patrick Traverse, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Stephen Harper, British/English footballer
  • 1975 – Johan Paulik (aka Daniel Ferencík), Slovak porn star
  • 1975 – Wendy Rice, American actress
  • 1976 – Merlin Santana, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1977 – Aki Hoshino, Japanese model
  • 1978 – Pieter van den Hoogenband, Dutch swimmer
  • 1979 – Nicolas Anelka, French footballer
  • 1979 – Chris Klein, American actor
  • 1979 – Love, Angolan footballer
  • 1979 – Sead Ramovic, German-born Bosnian footballer
  • 1980 – Aaron Brown, British/English footballer
  • 1980 – Matteo Grassotto, Italian racing driver
  • 1980 – Ben Herring, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1980 – Mercedes McNab, Canadian-born actress
  • 1981 – Bobby Jenks, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Mei-Ting Sun, Chinese-born pianist
  • 1982 – Carlos Marinelli, Argentine footballer
  • 1983 – Bakhtiyar Artayev, Kazakh boxer
  • 1983 – Taylor Hanson, American musician, member of Hanson
  • 1985 – Eva Angelina, American porn star
  • 1985 – Idaira, Spanish singer
  • 1985 – Brianna Love, American porn Star
  • 1986 – Jamie Bell, British actor
  • 1986 – Elton Chigumbura, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986 – Andy Taylor, British/English footballer

March 14 – Deaths:

  • 752 – Pope Zachary
  • 968 – Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen (c. 895)
  • 1457 – Jingtai Emperor of China (b. 1428)
  • 1471 – Sir Thomas Malory, English author (b. 1405)
  • 1647 – Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange (b. 1584)
  • 1648 – Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (b. 1584)
  • 1680 – René Le Bossu, French critic (b. 1631)
  • 1682 – Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruysdael, Dutch painter (b. 1628)
  • 1696 – Jean Domat, French jurist (b. 1625)
  • 1698 – Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman (b. 1622)
  • 1748 – George Wade, British military leader (b. 1673)
  • 1757 – John Byng, British admiral (executed) (b. 1704)
  • 1791 – Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)
  • 1803 – Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German writer (b. 1724)
  • 1805 – Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki, Russian general (b. 1753)
  • 1811 – Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1735)
  • 1823 – Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)
  • 1883 – Karl Marx, German philosopher and political theorist (b. 1818)
  • 1884 – Quintino Sella, Italian statesman (b. 1827)
  • 1932 – George Eastman, American inventor, and founder of Eastman Kodak (b. 1854)
  • 1946 – Werner von Blomberg, field marshal (b. 1878)
  • 1949 – John Callan O’Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 1957 – Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter (b. 1938)
  • 1973 – Howard Aiken, American engineer (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Rafael Godoy, Colombian composer (b. 1907)
  • 1973 – Chic Young, American cartoonist (b. 1901)
  • 1975 – Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1976 – Busby Berkeley, American choreographer and director (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (b. 1917)
  • 1980 – Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Maurice Ronet, French film actor (b. 1927)
  • 1989 – Edward Abbey, American author and environmental activist (b. 1927)
  • 1991 – Howard Ashman, American lyricist and playwright (b. 1950)
  • 1991 – Doc Pomus, American composer (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Margery Sharp, children’s author (b. 1905)
  • 1992 – Jean Poiret, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – William Alfred Fowler, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born director (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Kirk Alyn, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 2002 – Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 2002 – Cherry Wilder, New Zealand-born author (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Jack Goldstein, Canadian-born artist (b. 1945)
  • 2003 – Jean-Luc Lagardère, French publisher (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Lennart Meri, former president of Estonia (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Lucie Aubrac, French history teacher and member of the French Resistance (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Gareth Hunt, English actor (b. 1943)
  • 2008 – Chiara Lubich, Italian Catholic activist and leader and foundress of the Focolare (b. 1920)

March 14 – Holidays:

  • Albania – Summer Day: Albanian holiday Summer is celebrated in this day in Elbasan and its surroundings.
  • Japan and Korea – White Day: Japanese holiday similar to Valentine’s Day (men give gifts to women).
  • Roman Empire – Equirria, horse races in honor of Mars were held.
  • Worldwide – Pi Day, a celebration of the irrational number pi which roughly equals 3.14159.
  • Estonia – Estonian language day
  • Saint Mathilda
  • Saint Paulina

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On This Day in History March 13

March 13 – Events:

  • 1138 – Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected Antipope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.
  • 1639 – Harvard College is named for clergyman John Harvard.
  • 1781 – William Herschel discovers Uranus.
  • 1845 – Felix Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto is premièred in Leipzig with Ferdinand David as soloist.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers from returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: The Confederate States of America agree to the use of black troops.
  • 1881 – Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him.
  • 1884 – The siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins, ending on January 26, 1885.
  • 1897 – San Diego State University is founded.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.
  • 1900 – In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
  • 1921 – Mongolia, under Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg, declares its independence from China.
  • 1925 – Scopes Trial: A law in Tennessee prohibits the teaching of evolution.
  • 1930 – The news of the discovery of Pluto is telegraphed to the Harvard College Observatory.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: Banks in the U.S. begin to re-open after President Franklin D. Roosevelt mandated a “bank holiday.”
  • 1938 – World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • 1940 – The Russo-Finnish Winter War ends.
  • 1943 – World War II: In Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on American forces at Hill 700.
  • 1943 – The Holocaust: German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.
  • 1957 – Cuban student revolutionaries storm the presidential palace in Havana in a failed attempt on the life of President Fulgencio Batista.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.
  • 1979 – The New Jewel Movement, headed by Maurice Bishop, ousts Prime Minister Eric Gairy in a nearly bloodless coup d’etat in Grenada.
  • 1986 – Microsoft has its initial public offering.
  • 1989 – A geomagnetic storm causes the collapse of the Hydro-Québec power grid. Six million people were left without power for nine hours.
  • 1991 – The United States Justice Department announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
  • 1992 – An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
  • 1996 – Dunblane massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by a spree killer who then commits suicide.
  • 1997 – India’s Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
  • 1997 – The Phoenix lights were seen over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television.
  • 2003 – Human evolution: The journal Nature reports 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.
  • 2005 – Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.
  • 2008 – Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.

March 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1372 – Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (d. 1407)
  • 1615 – Pope Innocent XII (d. 1700)
  • 1683 – John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
  • 1700 – Michel Blavet, French flutist (d. 1768)
  • 1719 – John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (d. 1797)
  • 1720 – Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer (d. 1793)
  • 1733 – Joseph Priestley, English scientist and minister (d. 1804)
  • 1741 – Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1790)
  • 1763 – Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (d. 1815)
  • 1764 – Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1845)
  • 1770 – Daniel Lambert, Englishman famous for his obesity (d. 1809)
  • 1781 – Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect (d. 1841)
  • 1784 – Jean Moufot, French philosopher and mathematician (d. 1842)
  • 1798 – Abigail Fillmore, First Lady of the United States (d. 1853)
  • 1815 – James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (d. 1911)
  • 1825 – Hans Gude, Norwegian romanticist landscape painter (d. 1903)
  • 1855 – Percival Lowell, American astronomer (d. 1916)
  • 1860 – Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (d. 1903)
  • 1864 – Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1870 – Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
  • 1883 – Enrico Toselli, Italian (Florentine) composer and pianist(d. 1926)
  • 1884 – Sir Hugh Walpole, English novelist (d. 1941)
  • 1890 – Fritz Busch, German conductor (d. 1951)
  • 1898 – Henry Hathaway, American film director and producer (d. 1985)
  • 1899 – John Hasbrouck van Vleck, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1980)
  • 1899 – Jan Lechon, Polish poet (d. 1956)
  • 1900 – Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1907 – Mircea Eliade, Romanian historian of religions and writer (d. 1986)
  • 1908 – Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (d. 2002)
  • 1910 – Karl Gustav Ahlefeldt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
  • 1910 – Sammy Kaye, American musician (d. 1987)
  • 1911 – L. Ron Hubbard, American science fiction author and founder of Scientology (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – William Casey, American CIA director (d. 1987)
  • 1913 – Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer
  • 1914 – Edward O’Hare, American pilot (d. 1943)
  • 1914 – W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Al Jaffee, American cartoonist
  • 1923 – William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)
  • 1926 – Raúl Alfonsín, President of Argentina
  • 1926 – Roy Haynes, American jazz drummer
  • 1926 – Carlos Roberto Reina, President of Honduras (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Robert Denning, American interior designer (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Peter Breck, American actor
  • 1930 – Jan Howard, American singer
  • 1930 – Liz Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1933 – Mike Stoller, American songwriter
  • 1934 – Barry Hughart, American author
  • 1935 – Joseph Mascolo, American actor
  • 1935 – Leslie Parrish, American actress
  • 1935 – Michael Walzer, American philosopher
  • 1938 – Erma Franklin, American singer (d. 2002)
  • 1939 – Neil Sedaka, American singer and songwriter
  • 1942 – Dave Cutler, American software engineer
  • 1942 – Geoffrey Hayes, English television presenter and actor
  • 1942 – Scatman John, (real name John Larkin) American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1943 – André Téchiné, French film director and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko, Russian mathematician
  • 1946 – Yonatan Netanyahu, Israeli soldier (d. 1976)
  • 1947 – Beat Richner, Swiss physician and cellist
  • 1948 – Robert S. Woods, American actor
  • 1949 – Hiroshi Kazato, Japanese racing driver (d. 1974)
  • 1949 – Julia Migenes, American soprano
  • 1950 – William H. Macy, American actor
  • 1951 – Fred Berry, American actor and dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1952 – Wolfgang Rihm, German composer
  • 1953 – Deborah Raffin, American actress
  • 1955 – Bruno Conti, Italian footballer
  • 1955 – Glenne Headly, American actress
  • 1956 – Dana Delany, American actress
  • 1957 – Steve Lake, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Linda Robson, English actress.
  • 1960 – Yuri Andrukhovych, Ukrainian writer, poet and political essayist
  • 1960 – Adam Clayton, Irish bassist (U2)
  • 1960 – Joe Ranft, American animator (d. 2005)
  • 1963 – Fito Páez, Argentine musician and songwriter
  • 1964 – Will Clark, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Andrés Escobar, Colombian footballer (d. 1994)
  • 1968 – Akira Nogami, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Tim Story, American film director
  • 1971 – Annabeth Gish, American actress
  • 1971 – Robert Lanham, American author and satirist
  • 1972 – Common, American rapper
  • 1973 – Edgar Davids, Dutch footballer
  • 1973 – David Draiman, American musician and songwriter (Disturbed)
  • 1973 – Bobby Jackson, American basketballer
  • 1974 – Thomas Enqvist, Swedish tennis player
  • 1974 – Vampeta, Brazilian footballer
  • 1976 – James Dewees, musician
  • 1976 – Danny Masterson, American actor
  • 1977 – Ed Sloan, American musician (Crossfade)
  • 1977 – Momo Sylla, Guinean footballer
  • 1977 – Kay Tse, Hong Kong singer
  • 1978 – Tom Danielson, American cyclist
  • 1978 – Karina Smirnoff, Ukrainian dancer
  • 1979 – Johan Santana, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1979 – Spanky G, American musician (Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1980 – Caron Butler, American basketballer
  • 1980 – Lee Jung-hyun, South Korean pop singer and actress
  • 1980 – Molly Stanton, American actress
  • 1981 – Stephen Maguire, Scottish snooker player
  • 1983 – Kaitlin Sandeno, American swimmer
  • 1984 – Pieter Custers, Dutch athlete
  • 1984 – Noel Fisher, Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Yuuka Nanri, Japanese seiyu
  • 1984 – Marc Zwiebler, German badminton player
  • 1985 – Emile Hirsch, American actor
  • 1985 – Austin Scott, American football player
  • 1985 – Alcides Brazilian football player
  • 1986 – Chiaki Kyan, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1989 – Harry Melling, British actor
  • 1999 – Wiktoria Gasiewska, Polish actress

March 13 – Deaths:

  • 1271 – Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
  • 1395 – John Barbour, Scottish poet
  • 1516 – King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (b. 1456)
  • 1569 – Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French Huguenot general (b. 1530)
  • 1573 – Michel de l’Hôpital, French statesman
  • 1604 – Arnaud d’Ossat, French diplomat and writer (b. 1537)
  • 1619 – Richard Burbage, English actor (b. 1567)
  • 1711 – Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (b. 1636)
  • 1773 – Philibert Commerçon, French naturalist and explorer (b. 1727)
  • 1778 – Charles le Beau, French historian (b. 1701)
  • 1803 – William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
  • 1808 – King Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1749)
  • 1842 – Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
  • 1854 – Jean-Baptiste Guillaume Joseph, comte de Villèle, French statesman (b. 1773)
  • 1879 – Adolf Anderssen, German chess player (b. 1818)
  • 1881 – Tsar Alexander II of Russia (b. 1818)
  • 1884 – Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University
  • named for him (b. 1868)
  • 1901 – Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (b. 1833)
  • 1906 – Susan B. Anthony, American women’s suffrage activist (b. 1820)
  • 1911 – John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – César Cui, Russian composer (b. 1835)
  • 1925 – Lucille Ricksen, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1938 – Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual (b. 1888)
  • 1938 – Clarence Darrow, American attorney (b. 1857)
  • 1941 – Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (b. 1881)
  • 1943 – Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
  • 1949 – Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
  • 1955 – King Tribhuvan of Nepal (b. 1906)
  • 1963 – Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)
  • 1964 – Kitty Genovese, American murder victim (b. 1935)
  • 1965 – Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
  • 1965 – Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1965 – Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (b. 1891)
  • 1972 – Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer (b. 1941)
  • 1975 – Ivo Andric, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1983 – Louison Bobet, French cyclist (b. 1925)
  • 1988 – John Holmes, American porn star (b. 1944)
  • 1990 – Bruno Bettelheim, American psychiatrist (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Karl Münchinger, German conductor (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Leon Day, American baseball player (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Odette, French-born WWII heroine (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Krzysztof Kieslowski, Polish film director (b. 1941)
  • 1998 – Bill Reid, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Hans von Ohain, German engineer (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Lee Falk, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Garson Kanin, American writer and director (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Bidu Sayão, Brazilian born soprano (b. 1902)
  • 2001 – Henry Lee Lucas of heart failure major serial killer, 63 years old
  • 2002 – Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 2004 – Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
  • 2006 – Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish footballer (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Maureen Stapleton, American actress (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Peter Tomarken, American game show host (Press Your Luck) (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Arnold Skaaland, American professional wrestler (b. 1925)

March 13 – Holidays:

  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Gerald
    • Saint Nicephorus
    • Saint Roderick
    • Saint Leticia
    • In the Greek Orthodox Church:
      • Saint Nicephorus

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On This Day in History March 12

March 12 – Events:

  • 538 – Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
  • 1622 – Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, is canonized a saint by the Catholic Church.
  • 1664 – New Jersey becomes a colony of Britain.
  • 1868 – Henry James O’Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
  • 1881 – Andrew Watson made his Scotland debut as the world’s first black international football player and captain.
  • 1894 – Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.
  • 1908 – The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
  • 1912 – The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) are founded in the United States.
  • 1913 – Canberra Day: The future capital of Australia is officially named Canberra.
  • 1918 – Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint-Petersburg held this status for 215 years.
  • 1928 – In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people.
  • 1930 – Mahatma Gandhi leads a 200-mile march known as Dandi March to the sea in defiance of British opposition, to protest the British monopoly on salt.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This was also the first of his “Fireside Chats.”
  • 1938 – Anschluss: German troops occupy Austria; annexation declared the following day.
  • 1940 – Winter War: Finland signs the Moscow Peace Treaty with the Soviet Union, ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia. Finnish troops and the remaining population are immediately evacuated.
  • 1947 – The Truman Doctrine is proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism.
  • 1967 – Suharto takes over from Sukarno to become President of Indonesia.
  • 1968 – Mauritius achieves independence.
  • 1971 – The March 12 Memorandum, second intervention of Turkish Army, is sent to the Demirel government and Demirel government resigned.
  • 1992 – Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1993 – Several bombs explode in Bombay (Mumbai), India, killing about 300 and injuring hundreds more.
  • 1994 – The Church of England ordains its first female priests.
  • 1999 – Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
  • 2003 – Zoran Ðindic, Prime Minister of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade.
  • 2004 – Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea is impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation’s history.
  • 2008 – Eliot Spitzer announces his resignation as Governor of New York.

March 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1270 – Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (d. 1325)
  • 1478 – Giuliano di Lorenzo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1516)
  • 1607 – Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (d. 1676)
  • 1613 – André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (d. 1700)
  • 1620 – Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)
  • 1626 – John Aubrey, English antiquary and writer (d. 1697)
  • 1637 – Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)
  • 1647 – Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (d. 1727)
  • 1672 – Richard Steele, Irish writer and politician (d. 1729)
  • 1685 – George Berkeley, Irish theologian (d. 1753)
  • 1710 – Thomas Arne, English composer (d. 1778)
  • 1718 – Joseph Damer, English politician (d. 1798)
  • 1781 – Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)
  • 1806 – Jane Pierce, First Lady of the United States (d. 1863)
  • 1821 – Sir John Abbott, third Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1893)
  • 1824 – Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (d. 1887)
  • 1831 – Clement Studebaker, American automobile pioneer (d. 1901)
  • 1832 – Charles Boycott, British land agent and originator of the term to boycott (d. 1897)
  • 1835 – Simon Newcomb, American astronomer and mathematician (d. 1909)
  • 1837 – Alexandre Guilmant, French organist and composer (d. 1911)
  • 1838 – William Henry Perkin, English chemist (d. 1907)
  • 1859 – Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • 1863 – Gabriele D’Annunzio, Italian writer (d. 1938)
  • 1863 – Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • 1864 – W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1880 – Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)
  • 1880 – Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1881 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, first President of Turkey (d. 1938)
  • 1881 – Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • 1883 – Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • 1889 – Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • 1890 – Vaslav Nijinsky, Polish ballet dancer (d. 1950)
  • 1890 – William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • 1891 – George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
  • 1895 – William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
  • 1907 – Arthur Hewlett, British actor (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • 1908 – Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
  • 1908 – David Saul Marshall Singapore’s first Chief Minister(d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, President of Mexico (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Paul Weston, American pianist, arranger and conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • 1921 – Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Gordon MacRae, American singer and actor (d. 1986)
  • 1922 – Jack Kerouac, American writer (d. 1969)
  • 1922 – Lane Kirkland, American labor leader (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian speed skater
  • 1923 – Norbert Brainin, Austrian violinist (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Wally Schirra, American astronaut (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Mae Young, American professional wrestler
  • 1925 – Louison Bobet, French cyclist (d. 1983)
  • 1925 – Georges Delerue, French film composer (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Leo Esaki, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1925 – Harry Harrison, American author
  • 1928 – Edward Albee, American dramatist
  • 1928 – Thérèse Lavoie-Roux, Quebec politician and senator
  • 1928 – Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan musician (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – U Win Tin, jailed Burmese journalist
  • 1930 – Vernon Law, American baseball player
  • 1931 – Herbert Kelleher, Southwest Airlines co-founder
  • 1931 – Billie “Buckwheat” Thomas, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1932 – Barbara Feldon, American actress and model
  • 1932 – Andrew Young, American civil rights activist and politician
  • 1935 – John Doherty, English footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Patrick Procktor, English artist (d. 2003)
  • 1938 – Johnny Rutherford, American automobile racer
  • 1940 – Al Jarreau, American singer
  • 1940 – M.A. Numminen, Finnish singer and writer
  • 1942 – Ratko Mladic, Republika Srpska leader
  • 1942 – Jimmy Wynn, American baseball player, 1963-1977
  • 1945 – Sammy “The Bull” Gravano, American gangster
  • 1946 – Liza Minnelli, American singer and actress
  • 1946 – Frank Welker, American voice actor
  • 1946 – Peter Whalley, British television writer and author
  • 1946 – Serge Turgeon, Quebec actor and union leader (d. 2004)
  • 1947 – Kalervo Palsa, Finnish artist (d. 1987)
  • 1947 – Mitt Romney, 70 Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1948 – James Taylor, American musician
  • 1948 – Kent Conrad, Democratic Senator of North Dakota
  • 1948 – Virginia Bottomley, British politician
  • 1949 – Rob Cohen, American film director, producer and writer
  • 1949 – Moctesuma Esparza, Mexican American producer and filmmaker
  • 1949 – Natalia Kuchinskaya, Soviet gymnast
  • 1950 – Javier Clemente, Spanish football manager
  • 1950 – Jon Provost, American actor
  • 1952 – Eliézer Niyitegeka, Rwandan journalist, politician and genocidaire
  • 1952 – Naomi Shihab Nye, American poet, songwriter, and novelist
  • 1953 – Carl Hiaasen, American journalist and author
  • 1953 – Ron Jeremy, American pornographic actor
  • 1956 – Steve Harris, English musician (Iron Maiden)
  • 1956 – Dale Murphy, American baseball player
  • 1957 – Marlon Jackson, American singer and musician (The Jackson 5)
  • 1960 – Kipp Lennon, American singer
  • 1960 – Minoru Niihara, Japanese singer
  • 1960 – Maki Nomiya, Japanese singer (Pizzicato Five)
  • 1960 – Courtney B. Vance, American actor
  • 1961 – Joseph Facal, Quebec politician
  • 1962 – Darryl Strawberry, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Ian Holloway, English football manager
  • 1963 – Joaquim Cruz, Brazilian runner
  • 1965 – Steve Finley, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Shawn Gilbert, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Steve Levy, American sports journalist
  • 1965 – Liza Umarova, Chechen torch singer
  • 1966 – Grant Long, NBA Basketball Player
  • 1966 – John Thompson III, NCAA Basketball Head Coach
  • 1967 – Julio Dely Valdes, Panamanian footballer
  • 1968 – Aaron Eckhart, American actor
  • 1969 – Graham Coxon, English musician (Blur)
  • 1969 – Jake Tapper, American journalist
  • 1970 – Dave Eggers, American writer, editor, and publisher
  • 1970 – Sean Hopp, American painter and musician
  • 1970 – Roy Khan, Norwegian singer (Kamelot)
  • 1970 – John Nemechek, American NASCAR driver (d. 1997)
  • 1971 – Tony Eveready (Duane Moore), American adult film actor
  • 1971 – Isaiah Rider, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Hector Luis Bustamante, Colombian actor
  • 1972 – James Maritato, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Kelle Bryan, English singer
  • 1975 – Herman Li, Cantonese guitarist
  • 1975 – Annabel Port, English radio presenter
  • 1976 – Simon Young, English music journalist
  • 1976 – Zhao Wei, Chinese actress
  • 1977 – Ramiro Corrales, American soccer player
  • 1978 – Masuimi Max, American model
  • 1978 – Casey Mears, American auto racer
  • 1978 – Claudio Sanchez, American musician (Coheed and Cambria)
  • 1978 – Arina Tanemura, Japanese mangaka
  • 1979 – Pete Doherty, English musician
  • 1979 – Nidia Guenard, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Edwin Villafuerte, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1982 – Zach Miner, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Tobias Schweinsteiger, German footballer
  • 1984 – Shreya Ghoshal, Indian singer
  • 1984 – Jaimie Alexander, American Actress
  • 1985 – Bradley Wright-Phillips, English footballer
  • 1985 – Tosh Townend, American skateboarder
  • 1986 – Danny Jones, English singer (McFly)

March 12 – Deaths:

  • 604 – Pope Gregory I
  • 1289 – King Demetre II of Georgia (b. 1259)
  • 1374 – Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan (b. 1336)
  • 1447 – Shah Rukh, ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (b. 1377)
  • 1507 – Cesare Borgia, Italian general and statesman (b. 1475)
  • 1608 – Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1530)
  • 1628 – John Bull, English composer
  • 1648 – Tirso de Molina, Spanish writer (b. 1571)
  • 1681 – Frans van Mieris, Sr., Dutch painter (b. 1635)
  • 1699 – Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman (b. 1635)
  • 1757 – Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/painter (b. 1696)
  • 1790 – Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1710)
  • 1832 – Friedrich Kuhlau, German composer (b. 1786)
  • 1872 – Zeng Guofan, Chinese politician and general (b. 1811)
  • 1894 – Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
  • 1898 – Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (b. 1818)
  • 1908 – Edmondo De Amicis, Italian children’s writer (b. 1846)
  • 1909 – Joe Petrosino, NYPD lieutenant (b. 1860)
  • 1914 – George Westinghouse, American entrepreneur and engineer (b. 1846)
  • 1916 – Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (b. 1830)
  • 1925 – Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary and politician (b. 1866)
  • 1929 – Asa Griggs Candler, American businessman (b. 1851)
  • 1930 – Alois Jirásek, Czech writer (b. 1851)
  • 1930 – William George Barker, Canadian fighter ace (b. 1894)
  • 1937 – Charles-Marie Widor, French organist and composer (b. 1844)
  • 1937 – Jeno Hubay, Hungarian violinist (b. 1858)
  • 1942 – Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • 1943 – Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (b. 1869)
  • 1944 – Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)
  • 1946 – Ferenc Szálasi, Hungarian politician (executed) (b. 1897)
  • 1955 – Charlie Parker, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1920)
  • 1973 – Frankie Frisch, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – George D. Sax, Drive-in bank and instant loan innovator. (b. 1904)
  • 1978 – John Cazale, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 1978 – Gene Moore, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 1980 – Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1914)
  • 1984 – Arnold Ridley, English playwright and actor (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Woody Hayes, American football coach (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Maurice Evans, English-born actor (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Wallace Breem, British author (b. 1926)
  • 1991 – Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1995 – Juanin Clay, American actress (b. 1949)
  • 1998 – Judge Dread, English musician (b. 1945)
  • 1998 – Beatrice Wood, American artist and ceramist (b. 1893)
  • 1998 – Jozef Kroner, Slovak actor (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Morton Downey, Jr., American television talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Robert Ludlum, American author (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Spyros Kyprianou, Cypriot politician (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Jean-Paul Riopelle, Quebec painter and sculptor (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Zoran Ðindic, Prime Minister of Serbia (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Howard Fast, American author (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Andrei Kivilev, Kazakh cyclist (b. 1973)
  • 2003 – Lynne Thigpen, American actress (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Bill Cameron, Canadian journalist (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Stavros Koujioumtzis, Greek songwriter (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Victor Sokolov, Russian dissident journalist and priest (b. 1947)
  • 2008 – Lazare Ponticelli, the last “poilu”, French soldier of World War First, dies at 110 (b. 1897)

March 12 – Holidays:

  • Faroe Islands – Grækarismessa (Mass of St. Gregor): According to tradition, the oystercatcher, the Faroes’ national bird returns this day. This event is celebrated in the capital, Tórshavn.
  • Mauritius – National Day.
  • Ancient Latvia – Gregoru Diena observed.
  • Arbor Day in People’s Republic of China and Taiwan.
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:
    • St. Theophanes the Confessor
    • St. Maximilian
    • St. Fina

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On This Day in History March 11

March 11 – Events:

  • 1425 BC – Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).
  • 928 – Trpimir II succeeds to the Croatian throne.
  • 1387 – The Battle of Castagnaro begins.
  • 1649 – The Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
  • 1702 – The first regular English language newspaper, The Daily Courant, is published in London,
  • 1708 – Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
  • 1779 – Army Corps of Engineers for the United States is authorized by Congress.
  • 1801 – Paul I of Russia is assassinated, leading the way for his son Alexander I to accede the throne.
  • 1824 – The United States War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • 1845 – The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Maoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
  • 1845 – British baker Henry Jones invents self-raising flour.
  • 1848 – Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
  • 1851 – The first performance of Rigoletto, written by Verdi.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The Constitution of the Confederate States of America is adopted.
  • 1864 – The Great Sheffield Flood: The largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.
  • 1867 – The first performance of Don Carlos written by Verdi.
  • 1872 – Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
  • 1872 – The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
  • 1888 – The Great Blizzard of 1888 begins along the eastern seaboard of the United States, shutting down commerce and killing more than 400.
  • 1897 – A meteorite enters the earth’s atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.
  • 1900 – Second Boer War: Boer leader Paul Kruger’s peace overtures are rejected by Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Lord Salisbury.
  • 1912 – Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.
  • 1917 – World War I: Baghdad falls to the Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Stanley Maude.
  • 1918 – Bolshevist Russia moves the national capital from Petrograd to Moscow.
  • 1918 – First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu are observed at Fort Riley, Kansas.
  • 1927 – In New York City, Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens the Roxy Theatre.
  • 1931 – Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • 1936 – British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin pardons five convicted Irish militants who promise to join growing conflict with Germany.
  • 1941 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law, allowing American-built war supplies to be shipped to the Allies on loan.
  • 1942 – World War II: General Douglas MacArthur abandons Corregidor.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy attempts a large-scale kamikaze attack on the U.S. Pacific fleet anchored at Ulithi atoll in Operation Tan No. 2.
  • 1966 – Supersemar: President Sukarno of Indonesia is forced to give up his executive power.
  • 1966 – A fire at two ski resorts in Numata, Japan kills 31 people.
  • 1977 – The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: more than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims are set free after ambassadors from three Islamic nations join negotiations.
  • 1978 – Nine Palestinian Al Fatah guerrillas hijack a bus in Israel, killing 34 civilians and wounding 70 before being killed by security forces.
  • 1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the Soviet Union’s leader.
  • 1988 – Iran-Iraq War: Iran and Iraq agree to stop attacking civilian centers.
  • 1990 – Lithuania declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.
  • 1990 – Patricio Aylwin is sworn-in as the first democratically elected Chilean president since 1970.
  • 1991 – A curfew is imposed on black townships in South Africa after fighting between rival political gangs kills 49.
  • 1993 – Janet Reno is confirmed by the United States Senate and sworn-in the next day, becoming the first female Attorney General of the United States.
  • 1996 – The EU Database Directive is passed.
  • 1996 – John Winston Howard becomes the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. His term in office is the second longest in Australian history, ending on December 3, 2007.
  • 2003 – The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.
  • 2004 – Madrid Train Bombings: Simultaneous explosions on rush hour trains in Madrid, Spain, kill 192 people.
  • 2006 – Michelle Bachelet is inaugurated as first female president of Chile.

March 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1544 – Torquato Tasso, Italian poet (d. 1595)
  • 1725 – Henry Benedict Stuart, pretender to the throne of Great Britain (d. 1807)
  • 1785 – John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1861)
  • 1787 – Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (d. 1852)
  • 1811 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1818 – Marius Petipa, French ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 1910)
  • 1822 – Joseph Louis François Bertrand, French mathematician (d. 1900)
  • 1863 – Andrew Stoddart, English cricketer (d. 1915)
  • 1873 – David Horsley, English-born film executive (d. 1933)
  • 1876 – Carl Ruggles, American composer (d. 1971)
  • 1870 – Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
  • 1880 – Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
  • 1884 – Lewi Pethrus, Swedish politician (d. 1974)
  • 1885 – Malcolm Campbell, English race car driver (d. 1948)
  • 1887 – Raoul Walsh, American film director (d. 1980)
  • 1890 – Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1897 – Henry Cowell, American composer, musical theorist, pianist, teacher, publisher, and  impresario (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Dorothy Gish, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1899 – Frederick IX of Denmark, Danish King (d. 1972)
  • 1903 – Ronald Syme, New Zealand classicist and historian (d. 1989)
  • 1903 – Lawrence Welk, American musician (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Jessie Matthews, English actress (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Robert Havemann, German chemist (d. 1982)
  • 1915 – Vijay Hazare, Indian cricketer (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Hans Peter Keller, German writer (d. 1988)
  • 1915 – J. C. R. Licklider, American computer scientist and Internet pioneer (d. 1990)
  • 1916 – Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Ezra Jack Keats, children’s literature author (d. 1983)
  • 1920 – Nicolaas Bloembergen, Dutch physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1921 – Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Ástor Piazzolla, Argentine composer (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – José Luis López Vázquez, Spanish actor
  • 1926 – Reverend Ralph Abernathy, American civil rights leader (d. 1990)
  • 1926 – Ilhan Mimaroglu, Turkish musician and composer
  • 1927 – Robert Mosbacher, 28 United States Secretary of Commerce
  • 1928 – Albert Salmi, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1929 – Timothy Carey, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1930 – Claude Jutra, Quebec film actor and director (d. 1986)
  • 1931 – Rupert Murdoch, Australian-born entrepreneur
  • 1932 – Leroy Jenkins, American composer and violinist (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Sam Donaldson, American reporter
  • 1935 – Sandra Milo, Italian actress
  • 1936 – Antonin Scalia, American Supreme Court Justice
  • 1937 – Carlos Larrañaga, Spanish actor
  • 1939 – Lorraine Hunt, former Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
  • 1939 – Flaco Jiménez, American musician
  • 1940 – Alberto Cortez, Argentinian singer
  • 1942 – Charles Swan, American actor
  • 1945 – Dock Ellis, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Harvey Mandel, American musician
  • 1947 – Tristan Murail, French composer
  • 1948 – Roy Barnes, 80 Governor of Georgia
  • 1948 – César Gerónimo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1948 – Dominique Sanda, French actress
  • 1950 – Bobby McFerrin, American singer
  • 1950 – Jerry Zucker, American director
  • 1952 – Douglas Adams, English writer (d. 2001)
  • 1953 – Bernie LaBarge, Canadian musician
  • 1954 – Gale Norton, 48 United States Secretary of the Interior
  • 1955 – Nina Hagen, German singer
  • 1956 – Joey Buttafuoco, American statutory rapist
  • 1956 – D. J. MacHale, American author and television writer
  • 1956 – Rob Paulsen, American voice actor
  • 1956 – Helen Rollason, British sports journalist and television presenter (d. 1999)
  • 1957 – Lady Chablis, American entertainer
  • 1957 – Cheryl Lynn, American singer
  • 1958 – Anissa Jones, American actress (d. 1976)
  • 1958 – Jim Pinkerton, American pundit
  • 1958 – Flemming Rose, Danish journalist
  • 1958 – Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, interim President of Iraq
  • 1959 – Nina Hartley, American porn star
  • 1960 – Christophe Gans, French film director
  • 1961 – Elias Koteas, Canadian actor
  • 1962 – Jeffrey Nordling, American actor
  • 1963 – Alex Kingston, English actress
  • 1964 – Peter Berg, American film actor, director and producer
  • 1964 – Vinnie Paul, American drummer (Pantera)
  • 1964 – Shane Richie, British actor
  • 1965 – Nigel Adkins, English football manager
  • 1965 – Jesse Jackson, Jr., American politician
  • 1965 – Wallace Langham, American actor
  • 1965 – Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen, British television presenter
  • 1967 – John Barrowman, Scottish-American actor
  • 1967 – Brad Carson, American politician
  • 1968 – Lisa Loeb, American singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Terrence Howard, American actor
  • 1969 – Soraya, Colombian-American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1970 – Delia Gallagher, American journalist
  • 1971 – Johnny Knoxville, American television personality
  • 1971 – Martin Rucinský, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Martin Hiden, Austrian footballer
  • 1974 – Bobby Abreu, Major League Baseball player
  • 1974 – Jon Dalton, the infamous “Jonny Fairplay” from the 7th and 16th season of Survivor
  • 1975 – Eric the Midget, American radio personality
  • 1976 – Thomas Gravesen, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Becky Hammon , WNBA player
  • 1978 – Didier Drogba, Ivory Coast footballer
  • 1978 – Albert Luque, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Christopher Rice, American author
  • 1979 – Elton Brand, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Fred Jones, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Benji Madden, American guitarist (Good Charlotte)
  • 1979 – Joel Madden, American singer (Good Charlotte)
  • 1980 – Paul Scharner, Austrian footballer
  • 1980 – Dan Uggla, American baseball player
  • 1981 – David Anders, American actor
  • 1981 – Heidi Cortez, American erotic broadcaster
  • 1981 – Lee Evans, National Football League player
  • 1981 – Russell Lissack, English musician (Bloc Party)
  • 1981 – LeToya Luckett, American singer (ex-Destiny’s Child)
  • 1981 – Paul Wall, American rapper
  • 1982 – Brian Anderson, Major League Baseball player
  • 1982 – Thora Birch, American actress
  • 1982 – Lindsey McKeon, American actress
  • 1984 – Marc-André Grondin, French Canadian actor
  • 1984 – Tom James, British rower
  • 1984 – Anna Tsuchiya, Japanese model, actress and singer
  • 1985 – Derek Schouman, National Football League tight end
  • 1985 – Nikolai Topor-Stanley, Australian soccer player
  • 1987 – Marc-Andre Gragnani, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Anton Yelchin, Russian-born actor

March 11 – Deaths:

  • 222 – Elagabalus, Roman Emperor
  • 222 – Julia Soaemias, mother of Elagabalus (b. 180)
  • 859 – Eulogius of Cordoba, Spanish Bishop and Christian Martyr
  • 1198 – Marie de Champagne, daughter of Louis VII of France (b. 1145)
  • 1486 – Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg (b. 1414)
  • 1514 – Donato Bramante, Italian architect (b. 1444)
  • 1575 – Matthias Flacius, Croatian Protestant reformer (b. 1520)
  • 1602 – Emilio de’ Cavalieri, Italian composer
  • 1607 – Giovanni Maria Nanino, Italian composer
  • 1722 – John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)
  • 1759 – John Forbes, British general (b. 1710)
  • 1786 – Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1714)
  • 1801 – Paul I of Russia, Russian tsar (b. 1754)
  • 1820 – Benjamin West, English-American painter (b. 1738)
  • 1847 – Johnny Appleseed, American pioneer agronomist (b. 1774)
  • 1851 – George McDuffie, Governor of South Carolina (b. 1790)
  • 1854 – Willard Richards, American religious leader (b. 1804)
  • 1856 – James Beatty, Irish railway engineer (b. 1820)
  • 1863 – Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)
  • 1869 – Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1803)
  • 1870 – King Moshoeshoe I of Lesotho
  • 1874 – Charles Sumner, American politician (b. 1811)
  • 1898 – William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
  • 1907 – Jean Casimir-Perier, French politician (b. 1847)
  • 1908 – Revd Benjamin Waugh, American activist (b. 1839)
  • 1920 – Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • 1931 – F.W. Murnau, German film director (b. 1888)
  • 1937 – Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (b. 1860)
  • 1944 – Hendrik Willem van Loon, Dutch-born American historian (b. 1882)
  • 1952 – Pierre Renoir, French stage and film actor and director (b. 1885)
  • 1955 – Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1955 – Oscar Mayer, Bavarian-born American meat packer (b. 1859)
  • 1957 – Admiral Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1958 – Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor of Legos (b. 1891)
  • 1960 – Roy Chapman Andrews, American explorer and adventurer (b. 1884)
  • 1967 – Geraldine Farrar, American soprano (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – John Wyndham, English author (b. 1903)
  • 1970 – Erle Stanley Gardner, American novelist (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Philo T. Farnsworth, American television pioneer (b. 1906)
  • 1971 – Whitney Young, American civil rights leader (b. 1921)
  • 1977 – Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist (b. 1893)
  • 1977 – Alberto Rodriguez Larreta, Argentine racing driver (b. 1934)
  • 1978 – Claude François, French singer (b. 1939)
  • 1982 – Edmund Cooper, English author (b. 1926)
  • 1982 – Horace Gregory, American poet (b. 1898)
  • 1984 – Kostas Roukounas, Greek rembetiko singer and song writer (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Sonny Terry, American blues musician (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Joe Gladwin, English actor (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – James Kee, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – John J. McCloy, United States Secretary of War (b. 1895)
  • 1990 – Dean Horrix, English footballer (b. 1961)
  • 1992 – Richard Brooks, American film director (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Dino Bravo, Italian-born professional wrestler (b. 1949)
  • 1996 – Vince Edwards, American film actor and director (b. 1928)
  • 1999 – Camille Laurin, Quebec psychiatrist and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Brian Cleeve, Irish author (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Ivar Hansen, speaker of the Danish Folketing (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Bernie “Boom Boom” Geoffrion, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Slobodan Miloševic, President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Betty Hutton, American actress and singer (b. 1921)

March 11-Holidays

  • United States – Johnny Appleseed Day.
  • Lithuania – Reestablishment of Lithuania’s Independence.
  • Lesotho – Moshoeshoe Day.
  • Zambia – Youth Day.
  • Saint Vindician
  • Blessed John Righi
  • Saint Alberta
  • Saint Aurea

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On This Day in History March 10

March 10 – Events:

  • 241 BC – First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands – The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.
  • 1629 – Charles I of England dissolves Parliament, starting the Eleven Years Tyranny in which there was no parliament.
  • 1735 – An agreement between Nadir Shah and Paul I of Russia is signed near Ganja and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku.
  • 1801 – First census in Great Britain
  • 1804 – Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.
  • 1814 – Napoleon I of France is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.
  • 1830 – The KNIL also known as the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.
  • 1831 – The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria.
  • 1848 – The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the United States Senate, ending the Mexican-American War.
  • 1861 – El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Red River Campaign begins as Union troops reach Alexandria, Louisiana.
  • 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful telephone call.
  • 1880 – Members of the Salvation Army land in the United States and begin operations.
  • 1891 – Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
  • 1893 – Côte d’Ivoire becomes a French colony.
  • 1902 – Second Boer War: South African Boers win their last battle over British forces, with the capture of a British general and 200 of his men.
  • 1902 – A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera.
  • 1905 – Eleftherios Venizelos asks the independence of Crete and its union with Greece again, starting the Cretan Revolution in Theriso.
  • 1906 – The Courrières mine disaster, Europe’s worst ever, kills 1099 miners in Northern France.
  • 1912 – Yuan Shikai is sworn in as the second Provisional President of the Republic of China.
  • 1917 – Batangas was formally founded as one of the Philippines’s earliest encomiendas.
  • 1922 – Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in India, tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison, although he is released after two years in February 1924 after an operation for appendicitis.
  • 1933 – An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 120 people.
  • 1948 – The Indian Union Muslim League is founded, by remnants of the old Muslim League.
  • 1951 – Henri Queuille becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1952 – Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba.
  • 1959 – Tibet leads an unsuccessful uprising against ten years of Chinese occupation in Lhasa. Thousands are massacred by the occupying Chinese army.
  • 1969 – In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King Jr. He would later retract his guilty plea.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Me Thuot, South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon.
  • 1975 – Sanyo Shinkansen open between Osaka and Fukuoka.
  • 1977 – Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover rings around Uranus.
  • 1982 – The United States places an embargo on Libyan petroleum imports because of their support of terrorist groups.
  • 1982 – Syzygy: all 9 planets align on the same side of the Sun.
  • 1987 – The Holy See condemns the practice of surrogate motherhood, along with test tube babies and artificial insemination.
  • 1990 – In Haiti, Prosper Avril is ousted 18 months after seizing power in a coup.
  • 2000 – The NASDAQ Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom.
  • 2006 – The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.

March 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1415 – Vasili II of Russia (d. 1462)
  • 1452 – Ferdinand II of Aragon (d. 1516)
  • 1503 – Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1564)
  • 1536 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, English politician (d. 1572)
  • 1628 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (d. 1694)
  • 1709 – Georg Steller, German naturalist (d. 1746)
  • 1749 – Lorenzo da Ponte, Italian librettist (d. 1838)
  • 1769 – Joseph Williamson, English philanthropist and tunnel builder (d. 1840)
  • 1772 – Friedrich von Schlegel, German aesthetician (d. 1829)
  • 1776 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen consort of Prussia (d. 1810)
  • 1787 – William Etty, English painter (d. 1849)
  • 1788 – Joseph von Eichendorff, German writer (d. 1857)
  • 1810 – Samuel Ferguson, Irish poet (d. 1886)
  • 1842 – Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (d. 1912)
  • 1844 – Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist (d. 1908)
  • 1845 – Alexander III of Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1847 – Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragist (d. 1934)
  • 1850 – Spencer Gore, British tennis player and cricketer (d. 1906)
  • 1880 – Broncho Billy Anderson, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1887 – Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Grandmaster of Ninjutsu (d. 1972)
  • 1888 – Barry Fitzgerald, Irish actor (d. 1961)
  • 1892 – Arthur Honegger, French-born Swiss composer (d. 1955)
  • 1892 – Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)
  • 1899 – Robert Meier, German WW1 veteran, formerly Germany’s oldest man. (d. 2007)
  • 1903 – Bix Beiderbecke, American musician (d. 1931)
  • 1905 – Betty Amann, German-American actress. (d. 1990)
  • 1905 – Richard Haydn, English actor (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Harry Bertoia, Italian artist (d. 1978)
  • 1915 – Sir Charles Groves, English conductor(d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot
  • 1917 – Frank Perconte, American sergeant from Easy Company during WWII.
  • 1919 – Marion Hutton, American singer (d. 1987)
  • 1920 – Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet’s Coffee & Tea  (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Boris Vian, French writer and musician (d. 1959)
  • 1923 – Val Logsdon Fitch, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1925 – Manolis Anagnostakis, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – James Earl Ray, American assassin (d. 1998)
  • 1928 – Sara Montiel, Spanish actress and singer
  • 1931 – Georges Dor, Quebec author, playwright, singer and songwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Sepp Blatter, Swiss hockey and football official
  • 1937 – Joe Viterelli, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Marina Vlady, French actress
  • 1940 – Chuck Norris, American actor and martial artist
  • 1940 – Dean Torrence, American singer (Jan and Dean)
  • 1945 – Birgitta Sellén, Swedish politician
  • 1946 – Jim Valvano, American basketball coach (d. 1993)
  • 1946 – Mike Hollands, Australian animator
  • 1946 – Hiroshi Fushida, Japanese racing driver
  • 1947 – Kim Campbell, 19th Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1947 – Paul Condon, Baron Condon, former Commissioner of The Metropolitan Police
  • 1947 – Bob Greene, American journalist
  • 1947 – Tom Scholz, American songwriter 7 band leader (Boston)
  • 1948 – Richard Park (broadcaster), British Media Consultant and Broadcaster
  • 1952 – Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe politician
  • 1953 – Paul Haggis, Canadian film director
  • 1955 – Youssra, Egyptian actress and singer
  • 1955 – Toshio Suzuki, Japanese racing driver
  • 1956 – Mitchell Lichtenstein, American actor; son of Roy Lichtenstein
  • 1957 – Shannon Tweed, Canadian actress and model
  • 1957 – Jim White, American folk singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Steve Howe, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • 1958 – Sharon Stone, American actress
  • 1960 – Anne MacKenzie, journalist and broadcaster
  • 1961 – Laurel Clark, physician and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1961 – Mitch Gaylord, American gymnast
  • 1961 – Bobby Petrino, American football coach
  • 1961 – Pam Oliver, American sportscaster
  • 1962 – Seiko Matsuda, Japanese pop singer
  • 1963 – Jeff Ament, American musician (Pearl Jam)
  • 1963 – Rick Rubin, American record producer
  • 1964 – Neneh Cherry, Swedish musician
  • 1964 – Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
  • 1964 – David Faber, American television reporter
  • 1964 – Jasmine Guy, American actress
  • 1965 – Rod Woodson, American football player
  • 1966 – Edie Brickell, American singer
  • 1966 – Gráinne Mulvey, Irish composer
  • 1966 – Mike Timlin, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Felice Arena, Australian children’s author
  • 1968 – Shoichi Funaki, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Thio Li-ann, Singaporean law academic and Nominated Member of Parliament
  • 1969 – Paget Brewster, American actress
  • 1971 – Steve Arnold, British racing driver
  • 1971 – Jon Hamm, American actor
  • 1971 – Timbaland, American rapper
  • 1972 – Takashi Fujii, Japanese television performer
  • 1972 – Matt Kenseth, American race car driver
  • 1972 – Paraskevi Tsiamita, Greek triple jumper
  • 1973 – Eva Herzigova, Czech model
  • 1973 – Chris Sutton, English footballer
  • 1973 – Mauricio Taricco, Argentine footballer
  • 1973 – John LeCompt, American guitarist
  • 1974 – Hugo Ferreira, American rock musician
  • 1975 – Lyne Bessette, Quebec professional bicycle racer
  • 1976 – Haifa Wehbe, Lebanese actress, model and singer
  • 1977 – Peter Enckelman, Finnish footballer
  • 1977 – Shannon Miller, American gymnast and Olympic gold medalist
  • 1977 – Colin Murray, British radio DJ
  • 1977 – Bree Turner, American dancer and actress
  • 1977 – Matt Rubano, American musician (Taking Back Sunday)
  • 1977 – Robin Thicke, American singer
  • 1978 – Ben Burnley, American musician (Breaking Benjamin)
  • 1981 – Samuel Eto’o, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1981 – Efthimios Kouloucheris, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Steven Reid, English-born footballer
  • 1982 – Timo Glock, German racing car driver
  • 1982 – Katharine Isabelle, Canadian actress
  • 1983 – Carrie Underwood, American singer
  • 1983 – Reena Virk, Canadian murder victim (d. 1997)
  • 1984 – Ben May, English footballer
  • 1984 – Olivia Wilde, American actress
  • 1985 – Lassana Diarra, French footballer
  • 1985 – Casey Dienel, American singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Kim Leclerc, Canadian politician
  • 1992 – Emily Osment, American actress and singer

March 10 – Deaths:

  • 1291 – Arghun, Persian ruler
  • 1510 – Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (b. 1445)
  • 1513 – John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, English commander (b. 1443)
  • 1549 – Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, English politician and diplomat
  • 1584 – Thomas Norton, English politician and writer (b. 1532)
  • 1585 – Rembert Dodoens, Flemish physician and botanist (b. 1517)
  • 1588 – Theodor Zwinger, Swiss scholar (b. 1533)
  • 1669 – John Denham, English poet (b. 1615)
  • 1670 – Johann Rudolf Glauber, German chemist (b. 1604)
  • 1776 – Élie Catherine Fréron, French critic (b. 1719)
  • 1776 – Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (b. 1701)
  • 1792 – John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1713)
  • 1832 – Muzio Clementi, Italian composer (b. 1752)
  • 1861 – Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet (b. 1814)
  • 1872 – Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian politician (b. 1805)
  • 1895 – Charles Frederick Worth, English-born couturier (b. 1826)
  • 1910 – Karl Lueger, mayor of Vienna (b. 1844)
  • 1910 – Carl Reinecke, German pianist, conductor and composer (b. 1824)
  • 1913 – Harriet Tubman, American abolitionist (b. 1820)
  • 1937 – Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1940 – Mikhaïl Boulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891)
  • 1942 – William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1948 – Zelda Fitzgerald, American artist, wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (b. 1900)
  • 1948 – Jan Masaryk, Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia (b. 1886)
  • 1949 – James Rector, American athlete (b. 1884)
  • 1950 – Marguerite De La Motte, American actress (b. 1902)
  • 1951 – Kijuro Shidehara, Prime minister of Japan (b. 1872)
  • 1966 – Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Yiorgos Batis, Greek composer and musician (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – Vasilis Avlonitis, Greek actor (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Eugene ‘Bull’ Connor, American segregationist (b. 1897)
  • 1977 – E. Power Biggs, English-born American organist (b. 1906)
  • 1984 – June Marlowe, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Konstantin Chernenko, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (b. 1911)
  • 1985 – Bob Nieman, American baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 1986 – Ray Milland, British actor (b. 1905)
  • 1988 – Andy Gibb, English-born singer (b. 1958)
  • 1999 – Oswaldo Guayasamin, Ecuadorian paintor and sculptor (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Giorgos Zampetas, Greek composer and musician (b. 1925)
  • 1994 – Abdelkader Alloula, Algerian playwright (assassinated) (b. 1929)
  • 1996 – Ross Hunter, American film producer (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – La Vern Baker, American singer (b. 1929)
  • 1998 – Lloyd Bridges, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Massimo Morsello, Italian musician and far right activist (b. 1958)
  • 2003 – Barry Sheene, British motorcycle racer (b. 1950)
  • 2005 – Dave Allen, Irish comedian (b. 1936)
  • 2005 – Danny Joe Brown, American singer (Molly Hatchet) (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Anna Moffo, American soprano (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Richard Jeni, American comedian (b. 1957)
  • 2007 – Ernie Ladd, American football player and professional wrestler (b. 1938)

March 10 – Holidays:

  • Saint Himelin
  • Saint John Ogilvie
  • Saint Macharius
  • Saint Anastasia
  • Tibetan Uprising Day

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On This Day in History March 9

March 9 – Events:

  • 590 – Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia.
  • 1230 – Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa.
  • 1276 – Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City.
  • 1500 – The fleet of Pedro Alvares Cabral leaves Lisbon for the Indies. The fleet will discover the sea route to Brazil, already Portuguese since the treaty of Tordesillas in 1494.
  • 1566 – David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1765 – After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.
  • 1776 – Publication of the economics book The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith.
  • 1796 – Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais.
  • 1834 – French Foreign Legion is founded.
  • 1841 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Amistad case, concerning captive Africans who seized control of the slave-trading ship carrying them: the court rules that they had been taken into slavery illegally.
  • 1842 – Giuseppe Verdi’s third opera Nabucco premieres in Milan; its success establishes Verdi as one of Italy’s foremost opera writers.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico near Vera Cruz.
  • 1856 – Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The first battle between two ironclad warships, a five-hour battle near Hampton Roads, Virginia between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, results in a draw.
  • 1896 – Prime Minister Francesco Crispi resigns following the Italian defeat at the Battle of Adowa.
  • 1908 – Inter Milan is founded.
  • 1910 – The Westmoreland County Coal Strike, involving 15,000 coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers, begins.
  • 1916 – Pancho Villa leads 1,500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17.
  • 1924 – Italy annexes Fiume.
  • 1925 – Pink’s War, the first RAF operation conducted independently of the Army or Navy, begins.
  • 1932 – The first Ford Flathead engine leaves the assembly line at Ford Motor Company.
  • 1933 – Great Depression: The United States Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation. President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to the Congress.
  • 1935 – Adolf Hitler announces the creation of a new air force.
  • 1945 – World War II: Bombing of Tokyo – American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan with incendiary bombs. The resulting fire storm kills over 100,000 people. The attack begins March 9 and continues into March 10.
  • 1954 – McCarthyism: CBS television broadcasts the See It Now episode, “A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy,” produced by Fred Friendly.
  • 1957 – The magnitude 8.6 1957 Andreanof Islands Earthquake and tsunami occurs.
  • 1959 – The Barbie doll debuts.
  • 1967 – Josef Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva defects to the United States.
  • 1975 – Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
  • 1976 – Forty-two people die in a Cavalese cable-car disaster, the worst cable-car accident to date.
  • 1977 – The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims take over three buildings in Washington, D.C., killing one person and taking more than 130 hostages. The hostage situation ends two days later.
  • 1984 – The Competitive Enterprise Institute in founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1986 – United States Navy divers find the largely intact but heavily-damaged crew compartment of the Space Shuttle Challenger. The bodies of all seven astronauts were still inside.
  • 1989 – A strike forces financially-troubled Eastern Air Lines into bankruptcy.
  • 1990 – Dr. Antonia Novello is sworn in as Surgeon General of the United States, becoming the first female and Hispanic American to serve in that position.
  • 1990 – Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, Clyde Wells confirms he will rescind Newfoundland and Labrador’s approval of the Meech Lake Accord to amend Canada’s constitution, effectively killing the Accord.
  • 1991 – Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Miloševic in Belgrade. Two people are killed and tanks are in the streets.
  • 1993 – Rodney King testifies at the federal trial of four Los Angeles, California police officers accused of violating King’s civil rights when they beat him during an arrest.
  • 2006 – Liquid water is discovered on Enceladus, the sixth largest moon of Saturn.

March 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1213 – Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader (d. 1271)
  • 1285 – Emperor Go-Nijo of Japan (d. 1318)
  • 1454 – Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer and cartographer (d. 1512)
  • 1564 – David Fabricius, German astronomer (d. 1617)
  • 1568 – Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (d. 1591)
  • 1629 – Tsar Alexis I of Russia (d. 1676)
  • 1720 – Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician (d. 1790)
  • 1737 – Josef Myslivecek, Czech composer (d. 1781)
  • 1749 – Honore Mirabeau, French writer and politician (d. 1791)
  • 1753 – Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (d. 1800)
  • 1758 – Franz Joseph Gall, German neuroscientist (d. 1828)
  • 1763 – William Cobbett, English journalist and author (d. 1835)
  • 1806 – Edwin Forrest, American actor and philanthropist (d. 1872)
  • 1814 – Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet (d. 1861)
  • 1815 – David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1886)
  • 1820 – Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1893)
  • 1825 – Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)
  • 1839 – Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (d. 1908)
  • 1856 – Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (d. 1928)
  • 1887 – Phil Mead, English cricketeer (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)
  • 1890 – Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician (d. 1986)
  • 1892 – Vita Sackville-West, English writer and gardener (d. 1962)
  • 1894 – Frank Arnau, German writer (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (d. 1948)
  • 1902 – Will Geer, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1909 – Derk Bodde, American sinologist (d. 2003)
  • 1910 – Samuel Barber, American composer (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Johnnie Johnson, British fighter pilot (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – George Lincoln Rockwell, founder and leader of the American Nazi Party (d. 1967)
  • 1918 – Mickey Spillane, American writer (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Carl Betz, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1921 – Dimitris Horn, Greek actor (d. 1998)
  • 1923 – Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 1928 – Gerald Bull, Canadian long range artillery designer (d. 1990)
  • 1929 – Desmond Hoyte, Prime Minister and President of Guyana (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Ornette Coleman, American saxophonist and composer
  • 1931 – Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Keely Smith, American singer
  • 1932 – Walter Mercado, Puerto Rican astrologist and actor
  • 1933 – Mel Lastman, Canadian politician
  • 1933 – Lloyd Price, American singer
  • 1934 – Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1968)
  • 1934 – Del Close, American actor, improviser, writer, and teacher (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Marlene Streit, Canadian golfer
  • 1934 – Joyce Van Patten, American actress
  • 1935 – Andrew Viterbi, American telecommunications scientist and businessman
  • 1936 – Tom Sestak, American football player (d. 1987)
  • 1936 – Mickey Gilley, American musician and singer
  • 1937 – Bernard Landry, Premier of Quebec from 2001-2003
  • 1937 – Brian Redman, English racing driver
  • 1938 – Lill-Babs, Swedish singer
  • 1940 – Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (d. 1976)
  • 1942 – John Cale, Welsh musician (The Velvet Underground)
  • 1942 – Mark Lindsay, American singer/musician (Paul Revere & The Raiders)
  • 1943 – Bobby Fischer, American chess player (d. 2008)
  • 1943 – Charles Gibson, American television journalist
  • 1943 – Trish Van Devere, American actress
  • 1945 – Robert Calvert, English singer (Hawkwind) (d. 1988)
  • 1945 – Dennis Rader, American serial killer
  • 1945 – Robin Trower, British rock musician
  • 1946 – Jim Cregan, British rock musician
  • 1947 – Keri Hulme, New Zealandic writer
  • 1948 – Jeffrey Osborne, American singer
  • 1948 – Emma Bonino, Italian politician
  • 1949 – Tapani Kansa, Finnish singer
  • 1950 – Doug Ault, baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1950 – Danny Sullivan, American race car driver
  • 1951 – Michael Kinsley, American journalist and editor
  • 1951 – Helen Zille, South African politician
  • 1954 – Bobby Sands, IRA member (d. 1981)
  • 1955 – Teo Fabi, Italian racing driver
  • 1955 – Ornella Muti, Italian actress
  • 1956 – Shashi Tharoor, Indian author & United Nations Under-Secretary General
  • 1956 – David Willetts, UK Shadow Secretary for Education (Conservative)
  • 1957 – Mark Mancina, American composer
  • 1957 – Faith Daniels, American journalist
  • 1957 – Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician
  • 1958 – Martin Fry, English pop singer (ABC)
  • 1958 – Jack Kenny, American television writer and producer
  • 1960 – Linda Fiorentino, American actress
  • 1961 – Mike Leach, American college football coach
  • 1961 – Robert Rechsteiner, US professional wrestler (Rick Steiner)
  • 1961 – Camryn Manheim, American actress
  • 1962 – Jan Furtok, Polish footballer
  • 1963 – Sean Salisbury, American football player
  • 1963 – Terry Mulholland, American baseball player
  • 1963 – David Pogue, Technology columnist and musician
  • 1964 – Juliette Binoche, French actress
  • 1964 – Phil Housley, American ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Herbert Fandel, German football referee
  • 1965 – Brian Bosworth, American football player
  • 1965 – Benito Santiago, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1966 – Brendan Canty, American musician (Fugazi)
  • 1966 – Tony Lockett, Australian Rules Footballer
  • 1966 – Michael Patrick MacDonald, American memorist
  • 1968 – Youri Djorkaeff, French footballer
  • 1968 – Johnny Kelly, American drummer (Type O Negative)
  • 1969 – Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Stefie Shock, Quebec singer and songwriter
  • 1970 – Martin Johnson, English rugby player
  • 1970 – Shannon Leto, American drummer and occasional actor (30 Seconds to Mars)
  • 1971 – Emmanuel Lewis, American actor
  • 1971 – C Miller, American rapper
  • 1971 – Diego Torres, Argentine singer
  • 1972 – Spencer Howson, Australian radio broadcaster
  • 1972 – Kerr Smith, American actor
  • 1973 – Aaron Boone, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Roy Makaay, Dutch footballer
  • 1975 – Juan Sebastián Verón, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Thor Halvorssen, human rights activist
  • 1976 – Ben Mulroney, Canadian television host
  • 1977 – Yamila Diaz, Argentine supermodel
  • 1977 – Radek Dvorák, Czech hockey player
  • 1978 – Lucas Neill, Australian footballer
  • 1979 – Chingy, American rapper
  • 1979 – Melina Perez, WWE Diva
  • 1980 – Matthew Gray Gubler, American actor, film director, sketch artist, and former fashion model.
  • 1981 – Antonio Bryant, American football player
  • 1981 – Anders Nøhr, Danish footballer
  • 1981 – Clay Rapada, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Paul Ballard, English television presenter
  • 1983 – Clint Dempsey, American footballer
  • 1983 – Maite Perroni, singer in the Latin pop group RBD
  • 1983 – Wayne Simien, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Julia Mancuso, American Olympic gold medalist
  • 1986 – Brittany Snow, American actress
  • 1987 – Bow Wow, American rapper and actor

March 9 – Deaths:

  • 1202 – King Sverre of Norway
  • 1422 – Jan Zelivsky, Hussite priest (b. 1380)
  • 1440 – St Frances of Rome, Italian nun (b. 1384)
  • 1566 – David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary I of Scotland (b. 1533)
  • 1649 – James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
  • 1649 – Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier (executed) (b. 1590)
  • 1661 – Jules Cardinal Mazarin, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1602)
  • 1709 – Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, English diplomat
  • 1808 – Joseph Bonomi the Elder, architect (b. 1739)
  • 1851 – Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist (b. 1777)
  • 1888 – William I, German Emperor (b. 1797)
  • 1897 – Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (b. 1825)
  • 1937 – Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist (b. 1864)
  • 1954 – Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)
  • 1954 – V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (b. 1874)
  • 1960 – Jack Beattie, Northern Irish politician (b. 1886)
  • 1964 – Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (b. 1870)
  • 1966 – Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (b. 1924)
  • 1971 – Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria, Coptic Orthodox Patriarch (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 1975 – Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (b. 1888)
  • 1983 – Faye Emerson, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1983 – Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Robert Mapplethorpe, American artist (b. 1946)
  • 1991 – Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (b. 1943)
  • 1992 – Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – C. Northcote Parkinson, British historian and writer (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Bob Crosby, American bandleader and vocalist (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Charles Bukowski, American writer (b. 1920)
  • 1994 – Fernando Rey, Spanish-born actor (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Eddie Creatchman, Canadian wrestler manager (b. 1928)
  • 1996 – George Burns, American actor and singer (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper (b. 1972)
  • 1999 – Harry Somers, Canadian composer (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Ivo Robic, Croatian singer and songwriter (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Albert Mol, Dutch actor (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Dr. Gerald Deskin, Ph.D., clinical child psychologist (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (b. 1954)
  • 2004 – Rust Epique, former Crazy Town guitarist (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – Chris LeDoux, American country singer (b. 1948)
  • 2005 – Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – István Nyers, Hungarian footballer (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler; aka Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – John Profumo, British cabinet minister (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Geir Ivarsøy, Norwegian programmer, co-founder of Opera Software ASA (b. 1957)
  • 2007 – Brad Delp, American singer (Boston) (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Glen Harmon, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Jeanne Hopkins Lucas, North Carolina politician (b. unknown)

March 9 – Holidays:

  • Belize – Baron Bliss Day.
  • Catholicism Feast day of:
    • Saint Gregory of Nyssa
    • Saint Frances of Rome
    • Forty Martyrs of Sebaste

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