Monthly Archives: September 2011

On This Day in History September 24

September 24 – Events:

  • 1664 – The Netherlands surrenders New Amsterdam to England.
  • 1789 – The office of the Attorney General of the United States of America, and the United States Post Office Department are established.
  • 1841 – The Sultan of Brunei cedes Sarawak to Britain.
  • 1852 – The first airship is displayed.
  • 1869 – “Black Friday”: Gold prices plummet after Ulysses S. Grant orders the Treasury to sell large quantities of gold after Jay Gould and James Fisk plot to control the market.
  • 1877 – Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
  • 1890 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints officially renounces polygamy.
  • 1903 – Edmund Barton steps down as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by Alfred Deakin.
  • 1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower the nation’s first National Monument.
  • 1935 – Earl Bascom and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi
  • 1946 – Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong
  • 1947 – Majestic 12 is allegedly established by secret executive order of President Harry Truman
  • 1948 – The Honda Motor Company is founded.
  • 1950 – Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada and New England. A Blue moon (in the astronomical sense) is seen as far away as Europe.
  • 1957 – Camp Nou, the largest stadium in Europe, is opened in Barcelona.
  • 1957 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends 101st Airborne Division troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation.
  • 1962 – United States court of appeals orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith.
  • 1973 – Guinea-Bissau declares its independence from Portugal.
  • 1988 – Summer Olympics: Ben Johnson beats Carl Lewis and Linford Christie in the 100 metres sprint in a record time of 9.79 seconds. (Johnson would later be disqualified in a high profile case of doping.)
  • 1990 – Periodic Great White Spot observed on Saturn
  • 1994 – National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and various others to help fight against dictatorship in Myanmar.
  • 1996 – U.S. President Bill Clinton signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Rita makes landfall in the United States, devastating Beaumont, Texas and portions of southwestern Louisiana.

September 24 – Birthdays:

  • 15 – Vitellius, Roman Emperor (d. 69)
  • 1301 – Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (d. 1372)
  • 1501 – Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician (d. 1576)
  • 1513 – Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen of Sweden (d. 1535)
  • 1534 – Guru Ram Das, fourth Sikh Guru (d. 1581)
  • 1564 – William Adams, British navigator (d. 1620)
  • 1583 – Albrecht von Wallenstein, Austrian general (d. 1634)
  • 1625 – Johan de Witt, Dutch politician (d. 1672)
  • 1705 – Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (d. 1766)
  • 1717 – Horace Walpole, British novelist and politician (d. 1797)
  • 1725 – Sir Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer (d. 1803)
  • 1739 – Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin, Russian statesman (d. 1791)
  • 1755 – John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1835)
  • 1801 – Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian scientist (d. 1862)
  • 1802 – Adolphe d’Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist (d. 1868)
  • 1817 – Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio, Spanish poet and philosopher (d. 1901)
  • 1829 – Charles S. West, Texas jurist and politician (d. 1885)
  • 1858 – Eugene Foss, 45 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1939)
  • 1870 – Georges Claude, French chemist and inventor (d. 1960)
  • 1871 – Lottie Dod, English athlete (d. 1960)
  • 1878 – C. F. Ramuz, Swiss writer (d. 1947)
  • 1884 – Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (d. 1963)
  • 1884 – Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (d. 1953)
  • 1890 – Mike González, baseball player (d. 1977)
  • 1890 – A. P. Herbert, British humorist, barrister, novelist (d. 1971)
  • 1892 – Adélard Godbout, premier of Québec (d. 1956)
  • 1894 – Tommy Armour, Anglo-American golfer (d. 1968)
  • 1895 – André Frédéric Cournand, French Nobel Laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1896 – F. Scott Fitzgerald, American novelist (d. 1940)
  • 1898 – Howard Walter Florey, Nobel Laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1899 – Sir William Dobell, Australian portrait artist (d. 1970)
  • 1900 – Ham Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1955)
  • 1905 – Severo Ochoa, Nobel Laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Gerard Ciolek, Polish architect (d. 1966)
  • 1910 – Jean Servais, Belgian actor (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Konstantin Chernenko, Soviet premier (d. 1985)
  • 1912 – Don Porter, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Sir John Kerr, 18th Governor-General of Australia (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Audra Lindley, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1919 – Dayton Allen, American actor and comedian (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Richard Bong, American ace fighter pilot and Medal of Honor winner (d. 1945)
  • 1921 – Jim McKay, American sports commentator
  • 1922 – Cornell MacNeil, American baritone
  • 1923 – Louis Edmonds, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Fats Navarro, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1950)
  • 1924 – Nina Bocharova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1924 – Theresa Merritt, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – Sheila MacRae, singer & actress
  • 1925 – Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Alfredo Kraus, Spanish tenor (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Edward M. Lawson, Canadian politician
  • 1930 – Józef Krupinski, Polish poet (d. 1998)
  • 1930 – Angelo Muscat, Maltese actor (d. 1977)
  • 1930 – John W. Young, American astronaut
  • 1931 – Anthony Newley, British actor and singer (d. 1999)
  • 1931 – Mike Parkes, British Formula One driver (d. 1977)
  • 1932 – Dominique Michel, French Canadian comedian
  • 1934 – Tommy Anderson, Scottish footballer
  • 1934 – John Brunner, British author (d. 1995)
  • 1934 – Manfred Wörner, German politician and diplomat (d. 1994)
  • 1935 – Sean McCann, Canadian actor
  • 1936 – Jim Henson, American puppeteer (d. 1990)
  • 1940 – Yves Navarre, French writer (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Linda McCartney, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1941 – John Mackey, National Football League player
  • 1942 – Ilkka “Danny” Lipsanen, Finnish singer
  • 1942 – Gerry Marsden, English singer (Gerry and the Pacemakers)
  • 1944 – Diana Körner, German actress
  • 1945 – Lou Dobbs, American journalist
  • 1946 – “Mean” Joe Greene, American football player
  • 1946 – Lars Emil Johansen, Prime Minister of Greenland
  • 1947 – Erik Hivju, Norwegian actor
  • 1948 – Heinz Chur, German composer
  • 1948 – Gordon Clapp, American actor
  • 1948 – Phil Hartman, Canadian actor (d. 1998)
  • 1950 – Alan Colmes, American talk show host
  • 1950 – Kristina Wayborn, Swedish actress
  • 1951 – Douglas Kmiec, American legal scholar
  • 1952 – Mark Sandman, American musician (d. 1999)
  • 1955 – Riccardo Illy, Italian politician
  • 1956 – Hubie Brooks, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Kevin Sorbo, American actor
  • 1959 – Steve Whitmire, American voice actor
  • 1961 – Allen Bestwick, Nascar broadcaster
  • 1961 – John Logan, American screenwriter
  • 1962 – Jack Dee, British comedian
  • 1962 – Mike Phelan, English former footballer
  • 1962 – Nia Vardalos, Canadian actress
  • 1964 – Rafael Palmeiro, Cuban-born baseball player
  • 1965 – Sean McNabb, American bassist (Quiet Riot, Great White, Rough Cutt, House of Lords)
  • 1966 – Stacy Galina, American actress
  • 1966 – Bernard Gilkey, Baseball player
  • 1966 – Michael J. Varhola, American author
  • 1969 – Shawn “Clown” Crahan, American musician (Slipknot)
  • 1969 – Donald DeGrate, Jr., American music producer
  • 1969 – Goya Toledo, Spanish actress and model
  • 1969 – Megan Ward, American actress
  • 1971 – Michael S. Engel, American paleontologist & entomologist
  • 1971 – Kevin Millar, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Peter Salisbury, English drummer (The Verve)
  • 1973 – Eddie George, American football player
  • 1974 – John McDonald, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Kyle Turley, former National Football League offensive lineman
  • 1976 – Carlos Almeida, Angolan basketball player
  • 1976 – Stephanie McMahon-Levesque, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Frank Fahrenhorst, German footballer
  • 1978 – Wietse van Alten, Dutch archer
  • 1978 – Tarek Saab, American TV show contestant
  • 1979 – Justin Bruening, American actor
  • 1979 – Fábio Aurélio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979 – Katja Kassin, German pornographic actress
  • 1979 – Ross Mathews, American television personality and comedian
  • 1980 – Daniele Bennati, Italian professional road racing cyclist
  • 1980 – Dean Canto, Australian racing driver
  • 1980 – Sabrine Maui, Filipino pornstar
  • 1980 – Petri Pasanen, Finnish footballer
  • 1980 – John Arne Riise, Norwegian footballer
  • 1981 – Drew Gooden, National Basketball Association player
  • 1981 – Ryan Briscoe, Australian racing driver
  • 1982 – Morgan Hamm, American gymnast
  • 1982 – Paul Hamm, American gymnast
  • 1982 – Jeff Karstens, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Randy Foye, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Szilvia Molnar, Swedish writer
  • 1986 – Leah Dizon, model, singer and Japanese television
  • 1987 – Spencer Treat Clark, American actor
  • 1987 – Matthew Connolly, English footballer
  • 1988 – Karl Alzner, Canadian hockey player
  • 1988 – Kyle Sullivan, American actor
  • 1988 – Lisa Wang, American gymnast

September 24 – Deaths:

  • 366 – Pope Liberius
  • 768 – Pippin the Short, King of the Franks (b. 714)
  • 1054 – Hermannus Contractus, scholar (b. 1013)
  • 1118 – Robert of Knaresborough, hermit (b. 1160)
  • 1120 – Welf II, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1072)
  • 1143 – Agnes of Germany, daughter of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1072)
  • 1143 – Pope Innocent II
  • 1180 – Manuel I Comnenus, Greek Byzantine Emperor (b. 1118)
  • 1213 – Gertrude of Merania, wife of Andrew II of Hungary (murdered) (b. 1185)
  • 1275 – Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Constable of England (b. 1208)
  • 1435 – Isabeau of Bavaria, wife of Charles VI of France (bc. 1370)
  • 1494 – Poliziano, Italian humanist (b. 1454)
  • 1541 – Paracelsus, Swiss alchemist (b. 1493)
  • 1545 – Albert of Mainz, archbishop and elector of Mainz (b. 1490)
  • 1605 – Manuel Mendes, Portuguese composer (bc. 1547)
  • 1621 – Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, Polish military commander (b. 1560)
  • 1646 – Duarte Lobo, Portuguese composer (bc. 1565)
  • 1707 – Vincenzo da Filicaja, Italian poet (b. 1642)
  • 1732 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (b. 1654)
  • 1742 – Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (b. 1684)
  • 1802 – Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (b. 1749)
  • 1834 – Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (b. 1798)
  • 1896 – Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (b. 1818)
  • 1904 – Niels Ryberg Finsen, Danish physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1860)
  • 1930 – William A. MacCorkle, Governor of West Virginia (b. 1857)
  • 1933 – Mike Donlin, baseball player (b. 1878)
  • 1933 – Alice Muriel Williamson, British novelist (b. 1869)
  • 1938 – Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1939 – Carl Laemmle, German film producer (b. 1867)
  • 1945 – Hans Geiger, German physicist (b. 1882)
  • 1948 – Warren William, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1954 – Edward Pilgrim, British suicide hastened by bureaucracy (b. 1904)
  • 1962 – Charles Reisner, American silent actor and film director (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Earle Cabell, Texas politician (b. 1906)
  • 1978 – Hasso von Manteuffel, German army general and politician (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Patsy Kelly, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Sarah Churchill, British actress (b. 1914)
  • 1984 – Neil Hamilton, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1991 – Theodore Geisel, aka Dr. Seuss, American children’s writer (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Peter Bellamy, folk singer (b. 1944)
  • 1993 – Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian physicist (b. 1913)
  • 1993 – Ian Stuart Donaldson, British musician (b. 1957)
  • 2002 – Youssouf Togoïmi, Chadian rebel (b. 1953)
  • 2002 – Mike Webster, National Football League player (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Rosalie Allen, American singer and disc jockey (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Lyle Bettger, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Françoise Sagan, French writer (b. 1935)
  • 2005 – Tommy Bond, American actor (b. 1926)

September 24 – Holidays:

  • Guinea-Bissau – Independence Day (declared, from Portugal, 1973).
  • New Caledonia – Territorial Day.
  • England – Our Lady of Walsingham.
  • South Africa – Heritage Day.
  • Barcelona, Spain – La Mercè the festival for Barcelona’s patron saint.
  • Trinidad and Tobago – Republic Day (1976).
  • French Republican Calendar – Châtaigne (Chestnut) Day, third day in the Month of Vendémiaire.
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On This Day in History September 23

September 23 – Events:

  • 1122 – Concordat of Worms.
  • 1459 – Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire.
  • 1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins as Suleiman I begins his attack on the city.
  • 1642 – First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College.
  • 1779 – American Revolution; squadron commanded by John Paul Jones in USS Bonhomme Richard wins the Battle of Flamborough Head, off the coast of England, against two British warships.
  • 1780 – American Revolution; British Major John André arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold’s treason.
  • 1803 – Second Anglo-Maratha War: Battle of Assaye.
  • 1806 – Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis, after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
  • 1818 – Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • 1821 – Fall of Tripolitsa, Greece, masssacre of 30.000 Turks.
  • 1845 – The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York.
  • 1846 – Discovery of Neptune by French astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier and British astronomer John Couch Adams; verified by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.
  • 1848 – First commercial production of chewing gum by John Curtis on a stove at his home in Bangor, Maine in the United States and marketed as ‘The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum’.
  • 1868 – Grito de Lares (Lares Revolt) occurs in Puerto Rico against Spanish rule.
  • 1875 – William Bonney (“Billy the Kid”) is arrested for the first time.
  • 1884 – Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine.
  • 1889 – Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
  • 1905 – Norway and Sweden sign the “Karlstad treaty”, peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.
  • 1912 – First Mack Sennett “Keystone Cops” comedy is released.
  • 1922 – Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
  • 1932 – The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd is renamed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • 1941 – The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz.
  • 1942 – First day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.
  • 1952 – Richard Nixon makes his “Checkers speech.”
  • 1959 The M/S Princess of Tasmania Australia’s first passenger RO/RO diesel ferry makes maiden voyage across Bass Strait.
  • 1962 – Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City opens with the first building completed, Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall) home of the New York Philharmonic.
  • 1962 – ABC broadcasts in color for the first time, airing the initial episode of “The Jetsons.”
  • 1969 – The Chicago Eight trial opens in Chicago.
  • 1972 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos announces over television and radio the implementation of martial law and signs General Order No. 1 which orders the arrest of opposition leaders, media censorship, banning travel to other countries except for diplomatic missions, abolishing the Philippine Congress, establishing dictatorial government, take-over or sequestering of public and private corporations and suspension of classes for one week in the Philippines.
  • 1973 – Juan Perón returns to power in Argentina.
  • 1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations.
  • 1983 – Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa becomes the first African boxing world heavyweight champion.
  • 1988 – José Canseco of the Oakland Athletics becomes the first member of the 40-40 club.
  • 1999 – NASA announces it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.
  • 2004 – At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne

September 23 – Birthdays:

  • 480 BC – Euripides, Greek playwright (d. 406 BC)
  • 63 BC – Augustus Caesar, Roman Emperor (d. 14)
  • 1158 – Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1186)
  • 1161 – Emperor Takakura of Japan (d. 1181)
  • 1215 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire (d. 1294)
  • 1434 – Yolande of Valois, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1478)
  • 1598 – Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1655)
  • 1647 – Joseph Dudley, American statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1650 – Jeremy Collier, English bishop (d. 1726)
  • 1713 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain (d. 1759)
  • 1740 – Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1813)
  • 1759 – Clothilde of France, queen of piedmont-Sardinia (d. 1802)
  • 1771 – Emperor Kokaku of Japan (d. 1840)
  • 1781 – Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (d. 1860)
  • 1791 – Johann Franz Encke, German astronomer (d. 1865)
  • 1819 – Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1838 – Victoria Woodhull, American suffragist (d. 1927)
  • 1852 – William Stewart Halsted, American surgeon (d. 1922)
  • 1861 – Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • 1863 – Mary Eliza Church Terrell, American writer (d. 1954)
  • 1864 – Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • 1865 – Emmuska Orczy, British novelist (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Mary Mallon, also known as Typhoid Mary, first carrier of typhoid
  • 1880 – John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel Laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Walter Lippmann, American journalist (d. 1974)
  • 1890 – Friedrich Paulus, German general (d. 1957)
  • 1895 – Johnny Mokan, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • 1897 – Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Tom C. Clark, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Louise Nevelson, American sculptor (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Dominique Aury, French novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, heir to the throne of Portugal (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Frank Moss, United States Senator from Utah (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist (d. 2005)
  • 1912 – Tony Smith, American sculptor (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
  • 1915 – Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Aldo Moro, Italian politician (d. 1978)
  • 1920 – Mickey Rooney, American actor
  • 1924 – Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan newspaper editor (d. 1978)
  • 1925 – Denis Twitchett, Cambridge scholar, and Chinese historian (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Eleonora Rossi Drago, Italian actress
  • 1926 – John Coltrane, American saxophonist (d. 1967)
  • 1929 – Wally Whyton, English musician (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Ray Charles, American musician (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Colin Blakely, British actor (d. 1987)
  • 1931 – Gerald Stairs Merrithew, Canadian educator (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan
  • 1936 – Valentín Paniagua, Peruvian politician
  • 1938 – Tom Lester, American actor
  • 1938 – Romy Schneider, Austrian actress (d. 1982)
  • 1939 – Henry Blofeld, English cricket commentator
  • 1939 – Roy Buchanan, American guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1939 – Janusz Gajos, Polish actor
  • 1939 – Sonny Vaccaro, American former sports executive
  • 1941 – Simon Nolet, French-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1941 – George Jackson, American civil-rights activist
  • 1942 – Sila María Calderón, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1943 – Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer
  • 1943 – Marty Schottenheimer, American football coach
  • 1944 – Eric Bogle, Scottish-born Australian singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Paul Petersen, American actor
  • 1945 – Igor Ivanov, Russian politician
  • 1946 – Franz Fischler, Austrian politician
  • 1947 – Mary Kay Place, American actress
  • 1947 – Jerry Corbetta, American singer and musician (Sugarloaf)
  • 1947 – Neal Smith, American musician (Alice Cooper)
  • 1949 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Charlie Barnett, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Paolo Rossi, Italian footballer
  • 1956 – Peter David, American writer
  • 1957 – Rosalind Chao, American actress
  • 1957 – Tony Fossas, Cuban baseball player
  • 1958 – Danielle Dax, British musician
  • 1958 – Lita Ford, English-born singer (The Runaways)
  • 1958 – Marvin Lewis, American football coach
  • 1958 – Larry Mize, American golfer
  • 1959 – Jason Alexander, American actor
  • 1959 – Martin Page, English singer and songwriter
  • 1959 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress
  • 1960 – Jason Carter, British actor
  • 1961 – Chi McBride, American actor
  • 1961 – Willie McCool, American astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1964 – Clayton Blackmore, Welsh footballer
  • 1964 – Koshi Inaba, Japanese singer (B’z)
  • 1966 – Pete Harnisch, Former American Baseball player
  • 1966 – LisaRaye, American actress
  • 1968 – Yvette Fielding, English television presenter
  • 1969 – Michelle Thomas, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1969 – Patrick Fiori, French singer
  • 1969 – Tapio Laukkanen, Finnish rally driver
  • 1969 – Donald Audette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Ani DiFranco, American musician
  • 1970 – Georgios Koltsidas, Greek footballer
  • 1971 – Eric Montross, Former American Basketball Player
  • 1972 – Jermaine Dupri, American music producer and rapper
  • 1972 – Karl Pilkington, British radio personality
  • 1973 – Ingrid Fliter, Argentinian pianist
  • 1974 – Matt Hardy, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Harumi Inoue, Japanese actress and model
  • 1975 – Jaime Bergman, American model and actress
  • 1975 – Layzie Bone, American rapper (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)
  • 1975 – Chris Hawkins, British radio personality
  • 1976 – Faune A. Chambers, American actress
  • 1976 – Kip Pardue, American actor and model
  • 1977 – Rachael Yamagata, American singer and songwriter
  • 1977 – Matthieu Descoteaux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Worm Miller, American filmmaker
  • 1978 – Keri Lynn Pratt, American actress
  • 1979 – Ricky Davis, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Cameron Litvack, American television producer
  • 1981 – Robert Doornbos, Dutch race car driver
  • 1981 – Natalie Horler, German singer (Cascada)
  • 1981 – Misti Traya, American actress
  • 1984 – Anneliese van der Pol, American actress
  • 1984 – Louie Stephens, American musician (Rooney)
  • 1984 – Matt Kemp, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Maki Goto, Japanese pop singer
  • 1985 – Brian Brohm, American football player
  • 1985 – Lukáš Kašpar, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Hossein Ka’abi, Iranian footballer
  • 1985 – Joba Chamberlain, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Martin Cranie, English footballer
  • 1993 – Zach Tyler Eisen, American actor

September 23 – Deaths:

  • 79 – Pope Linus
  • 1241 – Snorri Sturluson, Icelandic historian, poet, and politician (b. 1178)
  • 1390 – John I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1346)
  • 1535 – Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1513)
  • 1571 – John Jewel, English bishop (b. 1522)
  • 1573 – Azai Hisamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1524)
  • 1605 – Pontus de Tyard, French poet
  • 1675 – Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie Française (b. 1603)
  • 1728 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist (b. 1655)
  • 1738 – Herman Boerhaave, Dutch humanist and physician (b. 1668)
  • 1764 – Robert Dodsley, English writer (b. 1703)
  • 1773 – Johann Ernst Gunnerus, Norwegian bishop and botanist (b. 1718)
  • 1789 – John Rogers, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1835 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (b. 1801)
  • 1844 – Alexander von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1783)
  • 1846 – John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
  • 1850 – José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan hero (b. 1764)
  • 1870 – Prosper Mérimée, French author (b. 1803)
  • 1871 – Louis-Joseph Papineau, French Canadian politician (b. 1786)
  • 1873 – Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (b. 1823)
  • 1877 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (b. 1811)
  • 1889 – Wilkie Collins, British author (b. 1824)
  • 1900 – William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • 1917 – Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1929 – Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Austrian-born chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1939 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist (b. 1856)
  • 1943 – Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)
  • 1944 – Jakob Schaffner, Swiss novelist (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Sam Barry, American basketball player and coach (b. 1892)
  • 1968 – Francesco Forgione, “Padre Pio”, Catholic saint (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Bourvil, French actor and singer (b. 1917)
  • 1971 – J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 1971 – Billy Gilbert, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1973 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1974 – Cliff Arquette, American comedian and actor (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Lyman Bostock, American baseball player (murdered) (b. 1950)
  • 1981 – Chief Dan George, Canadian actor (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Bob Fosse, American dancer, choreographer, and actor (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – James Van Fleet, U.S. Army general (b. 1892)
  • 1994 – Jerry Barber, American golfer (b. 1916)
  • 1994 – Robert Bloch, American author (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Madeleine Renaud, French theater and film actress (b. 1900)
  • 1996 – Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoonist (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Mary Frann, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 2000 – Aurelio Rodríguez, Mexican Major League Baseball player (b. 1947)
  • 2000 – Carl Rowan, American journalist (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Ron Hewitt, Welsh footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan broadcaster (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly musician (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – Yuri Senkevich, Russian TV anchorman (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – André Hazes, Dutch singer (b. 1951)
  • 2004 – Billy Reay, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Filiberto Ojeda, Puerto Rican revolutionary (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Roger Brierley, English actor (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Sir Malcolm Arnold, English composer and professional trumpeter (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Etta Baker, American blues guitarist (b.1913)

September 23 – Holidays:

  • Astrology: Usually the first day of sun sign Libra in the tropical zodiac.
  • In ancient Latvia, the second day of Mikeli.
  • Traditional New Year’s Day in Constantinople and Eastern Orthodox Churches — because of the birthday of Augustus, not because of the equinox.
  • Saudi Arabia – National Day (unification 1932).
  • French Republican Calendar – Safran (Saffron) Day, second day in the Month of Vendémiaire.

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On This Day in History September 22

September 22 – Events:

  • 66 – Emperor Nero creates the legion I Italica.
  • 1236 – The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in Battle of Šiauliai.
  • 1499 – Switzerland became an independent state.
  • 1586 – The battle of Zutphen occurs.
  • 1598 – Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter.
  • 1692 – Last people hanged for witchcraft in the United States.
  • 1776 – Nathan Hale is hanged for spying during American Revolution.
  • 1784 – Russia establishes a colony at Kodiak, Alaska.
  • 1789 – The position of United States Postmaster General established.
  • 1792 – primidi Vendémiaire of year 1 of the French Republican Calendar
  • 1823 – Joseph Smith, Jr. stated that he was directed by God through the Angel Moroni to the place where the Golden plates were stored.
  • 1851 – The city of Des Moines, Iowa was incorporated as Fort Des Moines.
  • 1862 – Slavery in the United States: A preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation is released.
  • 1866 – Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1869 – Richard Wagner’s opera Das Rheingold premieres in Munich.
  • 1885 – Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. “Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right.”
  • 1888 – The first issue of National Geographic Magazine is published.
  • 1893 – The first American-built automobile, built by the Duryea Brothers, is displayed.
  • 1896 – Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.
  • 1908 – The independence of Bulgaria is recognized.
  • 1910 – The Duke of York’s Cinema opened in Brighton. It is still operating today, making it the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain.
  • 1919 – The steel strike of 1919, led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, begins in Pennsylvania before spreading across the United States.
  • 1927 – Jack Dempsey loses the Long Count boxing match to Gene Tunney.
  • 1934 – An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1941 – On Jewish New Year Day, German SS murder 6,000 Jews in Vinnytsya, Ukraine. Those were the survivors of the previous killings that took place a few days earlier in which about 24,000 Jews were executed.
  • 1944 – World War II, Red Army enters Tallinn.
  • 1951 – The first live sporting event seen coast-to-coast in the United States, a college football game between Duke and the University of Pittsburgh, is televised on NBC.
  • 1955 – In Britain, the television channel ITV goes live for the first time.
  • 1960 – The Sudanese Republic is renamed Mali after the withdrawal of Senegal from the Mali Federation.
  • 1965 – The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965/Second Kashmir War between India and Pakistan over Kashmir ends after the UN calls for a cease-fire.
  • 1970 – Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia.
  • 1975 – Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is foiled by Oliver Sipple.
  • 1979 – The South Atlantic Flash or Vela Incident is observed near Bouvet Island, thought to be a nuclear weapons test.
  • 1980 – Iraq invades Iran.
  • 1985 – The Plaza Accord was signed in New York City.
  • 1991 – The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time, by the Huntington Library.
  • 1993 – A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in Sukhumi, Georgia.
  • 1995 – E-3B AWACS crashed outside of Elmendorf AFB, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board killed.
  • 1997 – Bentalha massacre in Algeria; over 200 villagers killed.
  • 2003 – David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.
  • 2006 – The F-14 Tomcat retires from the United States Navy.
  • 2006 – A German maglev train crashes, killing 23.
  • 2006 – Hezbollah claims “Divine Victory” over Israel in a massive demonstration in Beirut.

September 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1515 – Anne of Cleves, wife of Henry VIII of England (d. 1557)
  • 1547 – Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (d. 1590)
  • 1593 – Matthäus Merian, Swiss engraver (d. 1650)
  • 1601 – Anne of Austria, queen of Louis XIII of France (d. 1666)
  • 1606 – Li Zicheng, Chinese rebel (d. 1645)
  • 1680 – Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (d. 1747)
  • 1694 – Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, English statesman (d. 1773)
  • 1715 – Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (d. 1786)
  • 1717 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (d. 1783)
  • 1722 – John Home, Scottish writer (d. 1808)
  • 1741 – Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist (d. 1811)
  • 1743 – Quintin Craufurd, British author (d. 1819)
  • 1765 – Paolo Ruffini, Italian mathematician (d. 1822)
  • 1788 – Theodore Edward Hook, English author (d. 1841)
  • 1791 – Michael Faraday, English scientist (d. 1867)
  • 1819 – Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)
  • 1875 – Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis, Lithuanian painter and composer (d. 1911)
  • 1876 – André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • 1878 – Yoshida Shigeru, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1967)
  • 1880 – Dame Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragist (d. 1958)
  • 1882 – Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (d. 1946)
  • 1885 – Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (d. 1940)
  • 1885 – Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Erich von Stroheim, Austrian-born actor (d. 1957)
  • 1889 – Hooks Dauss, American baseball player (d. 1963)
  • 1891 – Hans Albers, German actor and singer (d. 1960)
  • 1895 – Paul Muni, Polish-born actor (d. 1967)
  • 1896 – Henry Segrave, British racing driver (d. 1930)
  • 1898 – Katherine Alexander, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – William Spratling, American silversmith (d. 1967)
  • 1900 – Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – Charles B. Huggins, Canadian-born scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – John Houseman, Romanian-born actor (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – Joseph Valachi, American gangster (d. 1971)
  • 1904 – Ellen Church, American stewardess (d. 1965)
  • 1905 – Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (d. 1964)
  • 1907 – Philip Fotheringham-Parker, British racing driver (d. 1981)
  • 1912 – Martha Scott, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Herbert Mataré, German physicist and European co-inventor of the transistor
  • 1915 – Arthur Lowe, British actor (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Hans Scholl, member of The White Rose (d. 1943)
  • 1918 – Henryk Szeryng, Polish-born violinist (d. 1988)
  • 1920 – Eric Baker, British human rights activist (d. 1976)
  • 1920 – Bob Lemon, American baseball player (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – William H. Riker, American political scientist (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Anders Lassen, Danish military officer (d. 1945)
  • 1922 – Chen Ning Yang, Chinese-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1923 – Dannie Abse, Welsh poet and writer
  • 1924 – Charles Keeping, British illustrator (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Rosamunde Pilcher, English novelist
  • 1927 – Gordon Astall, English footballer
  • 1927 – Tommy Lasorda, American baseball manager
  • 1928 – Eric Broadley, MBE, British automotive engineer (Lola Cars)
  • 1928 – James Lawson, American minister and civil rights activist
  • 1928 – Eugene Roche, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Serge Garant, French Canadian conductor (d. 1986)
  • 1931 – Fay Weldon, British feminist
  • 1931 – George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Manzoor Ahmad, Pakistani philosopher
  • 1932 – Ingemar Johansson, Swedish boxer and former heavyweight champion of the world.
  • 1934 – Lute Olson, American basketball coach
  • 1936 – Maurice Evans, English footballer and manager (d. 2000)
  • 1938 – Gene Mingo, American football player
  • 1939 – Gilbert E. Patterson, American minister and presiding bishop of the Church of God in Christ (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Anna Karina, Danish born actress
  • 1942 – David Stern, American basketball commissioner
  • 1943 – Toni Basil, American singer
  • 1946 – King Sunny Ade, Nigerian singer
  • 1946 – Dan Baker, American public address announcer
  • 1946 – Larry Dierker, American baseball player and manager
  • 1947 – Robert Morace, American writer
  • 1948 – Denis Burke, Australian politician
  • 1948 – Jim Byrnes, American actor and musician
  • 1949 – Jim Keith, American conspiracy theorist and author (d. 1999)
  • 1949 – Jim McGinty, Australian politician
  • 1950 – Kirka, Finnish singer (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – David Coverdale, English singer
  • 1952 – Bob Goodlatte, American politician
  • 1952 – Paul Le Mat, American actor
  • 1952 – Gary Holton, English actor and musician (d. 1985)
  • 1953 – Ségolène Royal, French politician
  • 1953 – Geoff Gilpin, American author
  • 1954 – Shari Belafonte, American singer
  • 1954 – Randy Lanier, American racing driver
  • 1956 – Debby Boone, American singer
  • 1956 – Masayuki Suzuki, Japanese singer (Rats & Star)
  • 1957 – Nick Cave, Australian musician
  • 1957 – Giuseppe Saronni, Italian cyclist
  • 1958 – Andrea Bocelli, Italian tenor
  • 1958 – Neil Cavuto, American television commentator
  • 1958 – Joan Jett, American musician
  • 1959 – Tai Babilonia, American figure skater
  • 1959 – Pope Michael, American anti-pope
  • 1961 – Scott Baio, American actor
  • 1961 – Vince Coleman, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Dr. Liam Fox, British Conservative politician
  • 1961 – Bonnie Hunt, American actress
  • 1961 – Catherine Oxenberg, British actress
  • 1962 – Diogo Mainardi, Brazilian writer
  • 1964 – Randy Lanier, American car racer, marijuana smuggler and convicted felon
  • 1965 – Andy Cairns, Irish musician
  • 1965 – Tony Drago, Maltese snooker player
  • 1965 – Mark Guthrie, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Moustafa Amar, Egyptian singer
  • 1966 – Stefan Rehn, Swedish footballer
  • 1966 – Mike Richter, American ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Matt Besser, American comedian
  • 1967 – Rickard Rydell, Swedish racing driver
  • 1967 – Félix Savón, Cuban boxer
  • 1967 – Kim Watkins, Australian television presenter
  • 1969 – Chris Powell, English footballer
  • 1969 – Matt Sharp, American musician (Weezer, The Rentals)
  • 1970 – Mike Matheny, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Mystikal, American rapper
  • 1970 – Rupert Penry-Jones, English actor
  • 1970 – Emmanuel Petit, French footballer
  • 1971 – Chesney Hawkes, English singer
  • 1971 – Princess Märtha Louise of Norway
  • 1972 – Dana Vespoli, American porn actress
  • 1974 – Bob Sapp, American boxer and kickboxer
  • 1975 – Ethan Moreau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Svilen Noev, Bulgarian singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Paul Sculthorpe, English rugby league footballer
  • 1977 – Yoo Chae-yeong, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1978 – Ed Joyce, Irish-English cricketer
  • 1978 – Harry Kewell, Australian soccer player
  • 1979 – Emilie Autumn, American singer, violinist, and harpsichordist
  • 1979 – Michael Graziadei, American actor
  • 1980 – Fernanda Tavares, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1981 – Ashley Drane, American actress
  • 1981 – Adam Lazzara, American singer (Taking Back Sunday)
  • 1982 – Mandy Chiang, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1982 – Kosuke Kitajima, Japanese swimmer
  • 1982 – Billie Piper, English singer and actress
  • 1984 – Theresa Fu, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1984 – Ross Jarman, Drummer The Cribs
  • 1984 – Laura Vandervoort, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Tom Felton, English actor
  • 1988 – Bethany Dillon, American musician
  • 1995 – Juliette Goglia, American actress, Molly Marcus, Amazing Person

September 22 – Deaths:

  • 1072 – Ouyang Xiu, Chinese historian and scholar-official (b. 1007)
  • 1253 – Dogen, Japanese Zen Buddhist (b. 1200)
  • 1345 – Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Leicester (b. 1281)
  • 1399 – Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1366)
  • 1520 – Selim I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1465)
  • 1554 – Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, Spanish explorer
  • 1566 – Johannes Agricola, German Protestant reformer (b. 1494)
  • 1607 – Alessandro Allori, Italian painter (b. 1535)
  • 1658 – Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (b. 1607)
  • 1662 – John Biddle, English theologian (b. 1615)
  • 1692 – Martha Corey, hanged as a result of the Salem witch trials
  • 1703 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician and scientist (b. 1622)
  • 1774 – Pope Clement XIV (b. 1705) 1775 – Matthew Wright, executed for killing Pope Clement XIV
  • 1776 – Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War captain, hanged by the British as a spy (b. 1755)
  • 1777 – John Bartram, American botanist (b. 1699)
  • 1828 – Shaka Zulu, Zulu leader
  • 1852 – William Tierney Clark, English civil engineer (b. 1783)
  • 1872 – Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • 1873 – Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1801)
  • 1881 – Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (b. 1831)
  • 1914 – Alain-Fournier, French writer (b. 1886)
  • 1952 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first President of Finland (b. 1865)
  • 1956 – Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1957 – Toyoda Soemu, Japanese admiral (b. 1885)
  • 1961 – Marion Davies, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – Mir Ghotbeddin Mohammad Angha, 40th Oveyssi Sufi master (b. 1887)
  • 1969 – Adolfo López Mateos, president of Mexico (b. 1909)
  • 1981 – Harry Warren, American composer and lyricist (b. 1893)
  • 1987 – Dan Rowan, American actor and comedian (b. 1922)
  • 1988 – Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Irving Berlin, American songwriter (b. 1888)
  • 1992 – Aurelio López, Mexican baseball player (b. 1948)
  • 1993 – Maurice Abravanel, Greek-born conductor (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Ludmilla Chiriaeff, Canadian ballet dancer and director (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Dorothy Lamour, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – George C. Scott, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Rodney Anoa’i (Yokozuna), American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2000 – Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator, (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Isaac Stern, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Jan de Hartog, Dutch-born writer (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Gordon Jump, American television actor (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Hugo Young, British journalist (b. 1938)
  • 2004 – Ray Traylor (The Big Boss Man), American professional wrestler (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Edward Albert, American actor (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Carla Benschop, Dutch basketball player (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Bodinho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Marcel Marceau, French mime artist (b. 1923)

September 22 – Holidays:

  • Bulgaria – Independence Day (from The Ottoman Empire) 1908.
  • Mali – Independence Day (from France, 1960).

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On This Day in History September 21

September 21 – Events:

  • 454 – Roman Emperor Valentinian III assassinates Aëtius in his own throne room.
  • 1217 – An Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights.
  • 1745 – Battle of Prestonpans: A Hanoverian army under the command of Sir John Cope is defeated, in ten minutes, by the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stuart.
  • 1765 – Antoine de Beauterne announces he had killed the Beast of Gévaudan, but was later proved wrong by more attacks.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold gives the British the plans to West Point.
  • 1792 – The French National Convention votes to abolish the monarchy.
  • 1827 – According to Joseph Smith, Jr., the angel Moroni gave him a record of gold plates, one-third of which Joseph translated into The Book of Mormon.
  • 1860 – In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.
  • 1896 – British force under Horatio Kitchener takes Dongola in the Sudan.
  • 1897 – The “Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus” letter is published in the New York Sun.
  • 1898 – Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days’ Reform in China.
  • 1921 – Oppau explosion, a storage silo at a fertilizer producing plant exploded in Oppau, Germany, 500—600 killed.
  • 1934 – Superpower Muroto Typhoon hit in western Honshu, Japan, Japanese government confirmed 3,036 killed.
  • 1937 – J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit is published.
  • 1938 – The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
  • 1939 – Romanian Prime Minister Armand Calinescu is assassinated by ultranationalist members of the Iron Guard.
  • 1942 – On Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, Nazis sent over 1.000 Jews of Pidhaytsi (west Ukraine) to Belzec extermination camp.
  • 1942 – On the end of Yom Kippur, the Germans ordered Konstantynow Jews (Poland) to permanently evacuate Konstantynow and move to the Ghetto – established in Biala Podlaska, meant to assemble Jews from nearby 7 towns among them: Konstantynow, Janów Podlaski, Rossosz, Terespol, and 3 more.
  • 1942 – In Dunaivtsi, Ukraine, Nazis murder 2,588 Jews.
  • 1942 – The B-29 Superfortress makes its maiden flight.
  • 1950 – George Marshall sworn in as the 3rd Secretary of Defense of United States.
  • 1961 – Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
  • 1964 – Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1964 – The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world’s first Mach 3 bomber, made its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
  • 1965 – Singapore admitted as a part of the United Nations.
  • 1970 – The Cleveland Browns beat the New York Jets at Cleveland Municipal Stadium 31-20 on the first edition of Monday Night Football.
  • 1970 – New York Times starts first modern op-ed page.
  • 1972 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos signs Proclamation No. 1081 placing the entire country under martial law.
  • 1976 – Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.
  • 1981 – Belize is granted full independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor is unanimously approved by the U.S. Senate as the first female supreme court justice.
  • 1989 – Hurricane Hugo makes landfall in the U.S. state of South Carolina.
  • 1991 – Armenia is granted independence from Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – Russian President Boris Yeltsin suspends parliament and scraps the then-functioning constitution, thus triggering the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993.
  • 1999 – Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.
  • 2001 – Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.
  • 2001 – AZF chemical plant explodes in Toulouse, France, killing 29 people
  • 2001 – University of Roorkee, becomes India’s 7th Indian Institute of Technology, rechristened as IIT Roorkee
  • 2003 – Galileo mission terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter’s atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.
  • 2004 – The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People’s War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
  • 2004 – Construction of the Burj Dubai starts.

September 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1051 – Bertha of Savoy, German queen and Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1087)
  • 1328 – Hongwu Emperor of China (d. 1398)
  • 1411 – Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne (d. 1460)
  • 1415 – Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1493)
  • 1428 – Jingtai Emperor of China (d. 1457)
  • 1452 – Girolamo Savonarola, Dominican priest and ruler of Florence (d. 1498)
  • 1629 – Philip Cardinal Howard, English Catholic cardinal (d. 1694)
  • 1645 – Louis Joliet, Canadian explorer (d. 1700)
  • 1706 – Polyxena Christina of Hesse-Rotenburg, queen of Sardinia (d. 1735)
  • 1756 – John MacAdam, Scottish engineer and road-builder (d. 1836)
  • 1758 – Christopher Gore, 8th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1827)
  • 1760 – Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman (d. 1837)
  • 1819 – Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France (d. 1864)
  • 1840 – Murad V, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1904)
  • 1842 – Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • 1849 – Maurice Barrymore, Indian-born patriarch of the Barrymore family (d. 1905)
  • 1853 – Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1926)
  • 1863 – John Bunny, American film comedian (d. 1915)
  • 1866 – H. G. Wells, English writer (d. 1946)
  • 1866 – Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Papa Jack Laine, American musician (d. 1966)
  • 1874 – Gustav Holst, English composer (d. 1934)
  • 1895 – Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (d. 1925)
  • 1899 – Frederick Coutts, the 8th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Luis Cernuda, Spanish poet (d. 1963)
  • 1902 – Sir Allen Lane, British founder of Penguin Books (d. 1970)
  • 1905 – Robert Lebel, French Canadian ice hockey executive (d. 1999)
  • 1906 – Henry Beachell, American plant breeder (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Chuck Jones, American animator (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – György Sándor, Hungarian pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Françoise Giroud, French journalist, writer and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (d. 1968)
  • 1918 – John Gofman, American Manhattan Project scientist and advocate (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist
  • 1919 – Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani scholar (d. 1988)
  • 1926 – Donald A. Glaser, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1929 – Bernard Williams, English philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer (d. 1979)
  • 1931 – Larry Hagman, American actor
  • 1933 – Dick Simon, American racing driver
  • 1934 – Leonard Cohen, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1935 – Jimmy Armfield, Former English Footballer and Manager
  • 1935 – Henry Gibson, American actor
  • 1936 – Yuriy Luzhkov, Russian politician, mayor of Moscow
  • 1936 – Dickey Lee, American singer and songwriter
  • 1938 – Doug Moe, American basketball player and coach
  • 1940 – Bill Kurtis, American television journalist
  • 1941 – R. James Woolsey, Jr., Central Intelligence Agency director
  • 1941 – Jack Brisco, American professional wrestler
  • 1944 – Fannie Flagg, American actress and novelist
  • 1944 – Hamilton Jordan, U.S. President Jimmy Carter’s original chief of staff
  • 1944 – Steve Beshear, Democratic Governor of Kentucky.
  • 1945 – Jerry Bruckheimer, American film and television producer
  • 1945 – Richard Childress, NASCAR team owner
  • 1945 – Shaw Clifton, the 18th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1946 – Moritz Leuenberger, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 1947 – Stephen King, American author
  • 1947 – Marsha Norman, American playwright
  • 1947 – Don Felder, American guitarist (Eagles)
  • 1949 – Artis Gilmore, American basketball player
  • 1950 – Charles Clarke, British politician
  • 1950 – Bill Murray, American actor
  • 1951 – Bruce Arena, American soccer coach
  • 1951 – Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen rebel leader (d. 2005])
  • 1952 – Anneliese Michel, Exorcism victim, known from the movie The Exorcism of Emily Rose (d.
  • 1976)
  • 1953 – Arie Luyendyk, Dutch race car driver
  • 1954 – Shinzo Abe, Former Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1954 – Phil “Philthy Animal” Taylor, British musician (Motörhead)
  • 1955 – Mika Kaurismäki, Finnish director
  • 1955 – Richard Hieb, American astronaut
  • 1956 – Jack Givens, American basketball player
  • 1956 – Marta Kauffman, American television producer
  • 1957 – Ethan Coen, American film director
  • 1957 – Sidney Moncrief, American basketball player
  • 1957 – Kevin Rudd, Australian Labor Party leader and Prime Minister of Australia (2007-)
  • 1957 – Penny Smith, English television presenter
  • 1958 – Bruno Fitoussi, French poker player
  • 1959 – Dave Coulier, American actor
  • 1959 – Danny Cox, baseball player
  • 1959 – Corinne Drewery, British singer (Swing Out Sister)
  • 1960 – David James Elliott, Canadian actor
  • 1961 – Húbert Nói, Icelandic artist
  • 1961 – Nancy Travis, American actress
  • 1962 – Rob Morrow, American actor
  • 1963 – Curtly Ambrose, Antiguan West Indies cricketer
  • 1963 – Cecil Fielder, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Angus Macfadyen, Scottish actor
  • 1964 – Jorge Drexler, Uruguayan singer and composer
  • 1965 – Cheryl Hines, American actress
  • 1965 – David Wenham, Australian actor
  • 1967 – Faith Hill, American singer
  • 1967 – Tyler Stewart, Canadian drummer (Barenaked Ladies)
  • 1968 – Ricki Lake, American actress and talk show hostess
  • 1969 – Jason Christiansen, baseball player
  • 1970 – John Cudia, American actor
  • 1971 – John Crawley, English cricketer
  • 1971 – Alfonso Ribeiro, Dominican-born actor
  • 1971 – Luke Wilson, American actor
  • 1972 – Liam Gallagher, English singer (Oasis)
  • 1972 – Jon Kitna, American football player
  • 1972 – David Silveria, American drummer (Ko?n)
  • 1973 – Oswaldo Sanchez, Mexican footballer
  • 1974 – Jana Kandarr, German tennis player
  • 1974 – Andy Todd, English footballer
  • 1975 – Doug Davis, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Jonas Bjerre, Danish singer and guitarist (Mew)
  • 1976 – Poul Hübertz, Danish footballer
  • 1977 – Brian Tallet, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Doug Howlett, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1979 – Richard Dunne, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Chris Gayle, Jamaican West Indies cricketer
  • 1979 – Julian Gray, English footballer
  • 1979 – Jaymee Ong, Chinese Australian Model
  • 1980 – Robert Hoffman, American actor
  • 1980 – Kareena Kapoor, Indian actress
  • 1980 – Aleksa Palladino, American actress
  • 1980 – Autumn Reeser, American actress
  • 1980 – Tomas Scheckter, South African racing driver
  • 1981 – Nicole Richie, American socialite
  • 1981 – Meilinda Soerjoko, Indonesian-Australian actress
  • 1982 – Eduardo Azevedo, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1982 – Danny Kass, American snowboarder
  • 1982 – Rowan Vine, English footballer
  • 1983 – Fernando Cavenaghi, Argentinian footballer
  • 1983 – Maggie Grace, American actress
  • 1983 – Joseph Mazzello, American actor
  • 1983 – Anna Meares, Australian cyclist
  • 1985 – Maryam Hassouni, Dutch actor
  • 1987 – Jimmy Clausen, American college football player
  • 1987 – Ashley Paris, American basketball player
  • 1990 – Allison Scagliotti, American actress
  • 1990 – Christian Serratos, American actress
  • 1991 – Jordan Hasay, American track & field athlete
  • 1998 – Brino quadruplets, American actor/actresses

September 21 – Deaths:

  • 19 BC – Virgil, Roman poet (b. 70 BC)
  • 454 – Aëtius, Roman general (bc. 396)
  • 1217 – Lembitu of Lehola, Estonian soldier
  • 1327 – King Edward II of England (b. 1284)
  • 1397 – Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (executed) (b. 1346)
  • 1542 – Juan Boscán Almogáver, Spanish poet
  • 1558 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1500)
  • 1576 – Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician (b. 1501)
  • 1586 – Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, French church leader (b. 1517)
  • 1626 – François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (b. 1543)
  • 1719 – Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (b. 1647)
  • 1743 – Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper (b. 1688)
  • 1748 – John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)
  • 1796 – François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1798 – George Read, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1733)
  • 1832 – Sir Walter Scott, Scottish writer (b. 1771)
  • 1860 – Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)
  • 1874 – Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French geologist (b. 1794)
  • 1897 – Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (b. 1819)
  • 1904 – Chief Joseph, Nez Perce leader (b. 1840)
  • 1906 – Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1838)
  • 1926 – Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (b. 1857)
  • 1938 – Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic Croatian writer (b. 1874)
  • 1939 – Armand Calinescu Romanian prime-minister (assassinated) (b. 1893)
  • 1954 – Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese inventor (b. 1858)
  • 1957 – King Haakon VII of Norway (b. 1872)
  • 1963 – Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (b. 1899)
  • 1966 – Paul Reynaud, French politician (b. 1878)
  • 1971 – Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – Henry de Montherlant, French writer (b. 1896)
  • 1974 – Walter Brennan, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1974 – Jacqueline Susann, American novelist (b. 1918)
  • 1976 – Orlando Letelier, Chilean diplomat (b. 1932)
  • 1982 – Hovhannes Bagramyan, Soviet general (b. 1897)
  • 1985 – Gu Long, Taiwanese writer of wuxia novels (b. 1937)
  • 1987 – Jaco Pastorius, American bassist (b. 1951)
  • 1988 – Glenn Robert Davis, member of United States Congress (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Rudy Perpich, American politician (b. 1928)
  • 1997 – Jennifer Holt, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Florence Griffith Joyner, American athlete (b. 1959)
  • 2000 – Bryan Smith, Man who ran over Stephen King (b. 1957)
  • 2002 – Robert L. Forward, American physicist and writer (b. 1932)
  • 2004 – Barry Noble Wakeman, American naturalist and educator (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Bob Mason, British actor (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Boz Burrell, English rock musician (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Hallgeir Brenden, Norwegian Olympic gold medalist (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (b. 1919)

September 21 – Holidays:

  • International Day of Peace
  • Independence Day in Malta (1964), Belize (1981) & Armenia (1991)
  • Mabon – Neopagan festival of Mabon

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On This Day in History September 20

September 20 – Events:

  • 451 – The Battle of Chalons, in North Eastern France. Flavius Aetius’ victory over Attila the Hun in a day of combat, considered and believed to be the largest battle in the ancient world.
  • 1187 – Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.
  • 1378 – Cardinal Robert of Geneva, called by some the Butcher of Cesena, is elected as Avignon Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism.
  • 1519 – Ferdinand Magellan – set sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda with about 270 men on his expedition to circumnavigate the globe.
  • 1596 – Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
  • 1633 – Galileo Galilei is tried before the Inquisition for teaching that the Earth orbits the Sun.
  • 1737 – Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.
  • 1792 – French troops stop allied invasion of France, during the War of the First Coalition at Valmy.
  • 1835 – Farroupilha’s Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  • 1848 – The American Association for the Advancement of Science was created.
  • 1854 – Battle of Alma: British and French troops defeat Russians in the Crimea.
  • 1857 – The Indian Mutiny ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India  Company.
  • 1860 – The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) visits the United States.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chickamauga ends.
  • 1870 – Bersaglieri corps enters Rome through Porta Pia and completes the unification of Italy; see capture of Rome.
  • 1871 – Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
  • 1879 – Cliftonville Football Club, the oldest club in Ireland, is founded.
  • 1881 – Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st President of the United States following the assassination of James Garfield.
  • 1891 – The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.
  • 1906 – Cunard Line’s RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
  • 1917 – Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1920 – Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 1930 – Syro-Malankara Catholic Church was formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios
  • 1939 – A German Messerschmitt Bf 109 is shot down by Fairey Battle gunner Sgt. F. Letchard during a patrol near Aachen. This is the RAF’s first aerial victory of the Second World War.
  • 1942 – Holocaust in Letychiv, Ukraine. In the course of two days German SS murders at least 3,000 Jews
  • 1946 – The first Cannes Film Festival is held.
  • 1954 – New Zealand’s Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.
  • 1962 – James Meredith, an African-American, is barred from entering the University of Mississippi.
  • 1967 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 is launched at John Brown & Company, Clydebank, Scotland. It is operated by the Cunard Line.
  • 1970 – Syrian tanks roll into Jordan in response to continued fighting between Jordan and the fedayeen.
  • The Jordanians knock out 30 of the Syrian tanks.
  • 1973 – Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match at the Houston Astrodome in Houston, Texas.
  • 1977 – The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1979 – Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation.
  • 1979 – A coup d’état in the Central African Empire overthrows Emperor Bokasa I.
  • 1979 – The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist- Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
  • 1979 – Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.
  • 1981 – Brazilian river boat Sobral Santos capsized Amazon River, Obidos, Brazil, killing at least 300.
  • 1982 – National Football League players begin a 57-day strike.
  • 1984 – A suicide bomber in a car attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing twenty-two people.
  • 1988 – Boston Red Sox third baseman Wade Boggs becomes the first player to get 200 hits in six consecutive seasons.
  • 1990 – South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.
  • 2000 – The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building was attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 antitank missile.
  • 2002 – Kolka-Karmadon rock/ice slide started.
  • 2003 – A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country’s accession to the European Union.
  • 2003 – Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé.

September 20 – Birthdays:

  • 1486 – Arthur, Prince of Wales, son of King Henry VII of England (d. 1502)
  • 1599 – Christian the Younger, German Protestant military leader (d. 1623)
  • 1744 – Thomas Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War hero (d. 1825)
  • 1746 – Móric Benovský, Slovak officer and explorer, King of Madagaskar (d. 1786)
  • 1778 – Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian naval officer and explorer (d. 1852)
  • 1833 – Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1918)
  • 1842 – James Dewar, Scottish chemist (d. 1923)
  • 1844 – William H. Illingworth, American photographer (d. 1893)
  • 1853 – Rama V, King of Thailand (d. 1910)
  • 1861 – Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress (d. 1955)
  • 1872 – Maurice Gamelin, French army general (d. 1958)
  • 1873 – Sidney Olcott, Canadian film director (d. 1949)
  • 1873 – Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian race car driver (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Upton Sinclair, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1880 – Louise Peete, American murderess (d. 1947)
  • 1884 – Maxwell Perkins, American editor and publisher (d. 1947)
  • 1885 – Jelly Roll Morton, American jazz pianist, bandleader and composer (d. 1941)
  • 1886 – Charles Williams, British author (d. 1945)
  • 1889 – Charles Reidpath, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • 1899 – Leo Strauss, German-born philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1902 – Stevie Smith, British poet (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Shriram Sharma Acharya, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1991)
  • 1914 – Kenneth More, English actor (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – Malik Meraj Khalid, Former Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Red Auerbach, American basketball coach (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Fernando Rey, Spanish-born actor (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Jay Ward, American animated cartoonist (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Alberto de Lacerda, Portuguese poet (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – William Kapell, American pianist (d. 1953)
  • 1923 – Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish-born poet (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Gogi Grant, American singer
  • 1925 – Ananda Mahidol, King of Thailand (d. 1946)
  • 1925 – Bobby Nunn, American singer (The Coasters) (d. 1986)
  • 1926 – Donald Hall, American poet and US Poet Laureate
  • 1927 – Johnny Dankworth, English musician and composer
  • 1927 – Rachel Roberts, English actress (d. 1980)
  • 1928 – Joyce Brothers, American psychologist and advice columnist
  • 1928 – Kirsten Rolffes, Danish actress (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Anne Meara, American comic and actress
  • 1931 – Cherd Songsri, Thai filmmaker (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Dennis Viollet, English former footballer (d. 1999)
  • 1934 – Sophia Loren, Italian actress
  • 1935 – Jim Taylor, National Football League player
  • 1935 – Keith Roberts, British science fiction author (d. 2000)
  • 1935 – David Pegg, English footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1937 – Birgitta Dahl, Swedish politician
  • 1937 – Monica Zetterlund, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 – Robert L. Gerry III, American businessman
  • 1941 – Dale Chihuly, American glass artist
  • 1942 – Gérald Tremblay, Québec politician
  • 1947 – Mia Martini, Italian singer (d. 1995)
  • 1947 – Bruce Pasternack, American CEO
  • 1947 – Steve Gerber, American comics writer (d. 2008)
  • 1948 – George R. R. Martin, American writer
  • 1948 – Chuck Panozzo and John Panozzo (d. 1996), American musicians (Styx)
  • 1949 – John W. Henry, American MLB team owner
  • 1949 – Mahesh Bhatt. Indian film director
  • 1951 – Guy Lafleur, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Javier Marías, Spanish author, translator and academic
  • 1954 – Henry Samueli, American NHL team owner
  • 1956 – Gary Cole, American actor
  • 1957 – Alannah Currie, New Zealander musician (Thompson Twins)
  • 1957 – Rich DiSilvio, American new media developer & artist
  • 1958 – Arn Anderson, American wrestler
  • 1959 – Danny Devos, Belgian artist
  • 1960 – Deborah Roberts, American journalist and TV reporter
  • 1961 – Lisa Bloom, American lawyer and television personality
  • 1964 – Maggie Cheung, Hong Kong actress
  • 1965 – Robert Rusler, American actor
  • 1966 – Nuno Bettencourt, Portuguese rock musician
  • 1967 – Kristen Johnston, American actress
  • 1967 – Gunnar and Matthew Nelson, American musicians (Nelson)
  • 1968 – Leah Pinsent, Canadian actress
  • 1968 – Darrell Russell, American race car driver (d. 2004)
  • 1968 – Tim Rogers, Australian singer / songwriter
  • 1969 – Victoria Dillard, American actress
  • 1969 – Megumi Kudo, Japanese pro-wrestler
  • 1969 – Richard Witschge, former Dutch footballer
  • 1970 – Moon Bloodgood, American actress and model
  • 1971 – Henrik Larsson, Swedish footballer
  • 1971 – Masashi Hamauzu, Japanese composer
  • 1973 – Ronald McKinnon, National Football League linebacker
  • 1974 – Michael Waddington, American defense lawyer
  • 1975 – Asia Argento, Italian actress
  • 1975 – Juan Pablo Montoya, Colombian race car driver
  • 1976 – Yui Horie, Japanese seiyuu
  • 1976 – Enuka Okuma, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Reuben Singh, British entrepreneur
  • 1977 – Namie Amuro, Japanese pop singer
  • 1978 – Jason Bay, Canadian baseball player
  • 1978 – Patrizio Buanne, Italian singer
  • 1978 – Sarit Hadad, Israeli singer
  • 1978 – T.J. Tucker, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Sean Davis, English footballer
  • 1980 – Mariacarla Boscono, Italian fashion model
  • 1980 – Jonathan Le Billon, British actor
  • 1980 – Vladimir Karpets, Russian cyclist
  • 1980 – Luke Munns, Australian singer / songwriter
  • 1981 – Joanie Dodds, America’s Next Top Model contestant
  • 1981 – Feliciano López, Spanish tennis player
  • 1981 – Jordan Tata, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Yuna Ito, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1983 – Ángel Sánchez, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1985 – David Allen, American composer and writer
  • 1990 – John Tavares, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Marilou, Quebec pop singer
  • 1991 – Spencer Locke, American actress
  • 1993 – Taylor Parks, American actress
  • 1995 – Sammi Hanratty, American actress

September 20 – Deaths:

  • 1246 – Mikhail of Chernigov, ruler of Kiev
  • 1384 – King Louis I of Naples (b. 1339)
  • 1460 – Gilles Binchois, Flemish composer
  • 1586 – Chidiock Tichborne, English conspirator and poet (executed) (b. 1558)
  • 1590 – Lodovico Agostini, Italian composer (b. 1534)
  • 1625 – Heinrich Meibom, German historian and critic (b. 1555)
  • 1627 – Jan Gruter, Dutch critic (b. 1560)
  • 1630 – Claudio Saracini, Italian composer (b. 1586)
  • 1639 – Johannes Meursius, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1579)
  • 1643 – Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland, English politician and writer
  • 1721 – Thomas Doggett, Irish actor
  • 1803 – Robert Emmet, Irish patriot (b. 1780)
  • 1815 – Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist (b. 1725)
  • 1852 – Philander Chase, American university founder (b. 1775)
  • 1863 – Jacob Grimm, German folklorist (b. 1785)
  • 1884 – Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (b.1802)
  • 1898 – Theodor Fontane, German writer (b. 1819)
  • 1906 – Robert R. Hitt, American politician (b. 1834)
  • 1908 – Pablo de Sarasate, Spanish violinist and composer (b. 1844)
  • 1932 – Wovoka, Paiute visionary
  • 1933 – Annie Besant, women’s rights activist (b. 1847)
  • 1939 – Paul Bruchési, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Montreal (b. 1855)
  • 1945 – William Buehler Seabrook, Writer, journalist, occultist and explorer (b. 1884)
  • 1945 – Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1909)
  • 1946 – Raimu, French actor (b. 1883)
  • 1947 – Fiorello LaGuardia, Mayor of New York City (b. 1882)
  • 1957 – Jean Sibelius, Finnish composer (b. 1865)
  • 1971 – Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Jim Croce, American singer and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1975 – Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Ludvík Svoboda, President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1895)
  • 1980 – Sanpei Hayashiya, Japanese comedian (b. 1925)
  • 1984 – Steve Goodman, American folk music singer-songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1989 – Richie Ginther, American racing driver (b. 1930)
  • 1993 – Erich Hartmann, German, world’s most successful fighter pilot (352 ‘kills’; b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Jule Styne, American songwriter (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and noted author (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Paul Erdos, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Raisa Gorbachyova, wife of Mikhail Gorbachev (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Robert Lebel, Quebec ice hockey administrator (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Gherman Titov, cosmonaut (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Lord Williams of Mostyn, British politician (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Gordon Mitchell, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwe politician (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Brian Clough, English footballer and football manager (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Townsend Hoopes, American politician (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Simon Wiesenthal, Austrian-Polish Nazi hunter (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Armin Jordan, Swiss conductor (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – John W. Peterson, American songwriter (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Johnny Gavin, Irish footballer (b. 1928)

September 20 – Holidays:

  • Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul only – Farroupilha’s Revolution (1835).

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On This Day in History September 19

September 19 – Events:

  • 335 – Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.
  • 1356 – In the Battle of Poitiers, the English defeat the French.
  • 1692 – Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.
  • 1777 – First Battle of Saratoga/Battle of Freeman’s Farm/Battle of Bemis Heights.
  • 1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
  • 1796 – George Washington’s farewell address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Iuka – Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Paris begins, which will result on 28 January 1871 in the surrender of Paris and a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1893 – Women’s suffrage: In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.
  • 1900 – Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid commit their first robbery together.
  • 1926 – The San Siro is inaugurated with a match between AC Milan and Inter.
  • 1934 – Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the kidnap and murder of Charles Lindbergh III.
  • 1942 – Holocaust in Brody, western Ukraine: About 2,500 Brody Jews are deported by German Gestapo to the extermination camp in Belzec.
  • 1944 – Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union signed. (End of the Continuation War).
  • 1945 – Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London.
  • 1946 – The Council of Europe is founded following a speech given by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.
  • 1952 – The U.S. bars Charlie Chaplin from reentering the country after a trip to England.
  • 1957 – First U.S. underground nuclear bomb test.
  • 1957 – Dalida is the first artist to be awarded a gold record in France for 300 000 sales of “Bambino.”
  • 1959 – Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland.
  • 1970 – The first Glastonbury Festival is held at Michael Eavis’s farm in Glastonbury, UK.
  • 1972 – A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.
  • 1973 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden has his investiture.
  • 1976 – A Turkish Boeing 727 hits a mountain in southern Turkey killing 155.
  • 1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence.
  • 1985 – A strong earthquake kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
  • 1985 – Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.
  • 1988 – Greg Louganis suffers a head injury while qualifying for the Seoul Olympics; goes on to win two Gold medals.
  • 1989 – A terrorist bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.
  • 1991 – Ötzi the Iceman is discovered by a couple of German tourists.
  • 1995 – The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber’s manifesto.
  • 1997 – Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria; 53 killed.
  • 2006 – The Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok. Constitution revoked; martial law declared.

September 19 – Birthdays:

  • 86 – Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor (d. 161)
  • 866 – Leo VI, Byzantine Emperor (d. 912)
  • 1377 – Albert IV, Duke of Austria (d. 1404)
  • 1551 – King Henry III of France (d. 1589)
  • 1714 – Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1786)
  • 1737 – Charles Carroll of Carrollton, American signer of the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Senator (d. 1832)
  • 1749 – Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician (d. 1822)
  • 1759 – William Kirby, English entomologist (d. 1850)
  • 1778 – Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1868)
  • 1796 – Hartley Coleridge, English poet (d. 1849)
  • 1799 – René Caillé, French explorer (d. 1838)
  • 1802 – Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian lawyer and Regent-President (d. 1894)
  • 1803 – Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1884)
  • 1811 – Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)
  • 1828 – Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1880)
  • 1882 – Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (d. 1965)
  • 1887 – Lovie Austin, American jazz pianist (d. 1972)
  • 1887 – Lynne Overman, American actor (d. 1943)
  • 1888 – J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Sadie Delany, American physician and author (d. 1999)
  • 1898 – Giuseppe Saragat, president of the Italian Republic (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film producer (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Leon Jaworski, American Watergate scandal special prosecutor (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr., American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Mika Waltari, Finnish novelist (d. 1979)
  • 1909 – Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile pioneer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Margaret Lindsay, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1911 – Sir William Golding, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Kurt Sanderling, German conductor
  • 1913 – Frances Farmer, American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Germán Valdés, Mexican actor, singer and comedian (d. 1973)
  • 1920 – Roger Angell, American sports writer
  • 1921 – Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator & writer (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Damon Knight, American writer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Emil Zátopek, Czech athlete (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1926 – James Lipton, American actor, writer and host of Inside the Actors Studio
  • 1926 – Duke Snider, baseball player
  • 1927 – Rosemary Harris, English actress
  • 1927 – William Hickey, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1928 – Adam West, American actor
  • 1930 – Antonio Margheriti, Italian filmmaker (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Brook Benton, American singer (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Jean-Claude Carrière, French screenwriter and actor
  • 1933 – David McCallum, Scottish actor
  • 1934 – Brian Epstein, English musical group manager (The Beatles) (d. 1967)
  • 1935 – Benjamin Hacker, American naval aviator (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Nick Massi, American singer (The Four Seasons) (d. 2000)
  • 1936 – Al Oerter, American athlete (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Abner Haynes, American football player
  • 1940 – Anna Karen, South African-born British actress
  • 1940 – Bill Medley, American singer and songwriter (The Righteous Brothers)
  • 1940 – Ed Westfall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1940 – Paul Williams, American composer
  • 1941 – Umberto Bossi, Italian politician
  • 1941 – Mama Cass Elliot, American musician (d. 1974)
  • 1942 – Freda Payne, American singer and actress
  • 1943 – Joe Morgan, baseball player
  • 1944 – Anders Björck, Swedish politician
  • 1944 – Jean Succar Kuri, Lebanese-born Mexican businessman
  • 1945 – Randolph Mantooth, American actor
  • 1946 – Brian Henton, English racing driver
  • 1947 – Lol Creme, English musician (10cc, Godley & Creme)
  • 1948 – Jeremy Irons, English actor
  • 1948 – Mihai Timofti, Director, actor, musician from Moldova-Chisinau
  • 1949 – Sally Potter, English film director and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Barry Scheck, American lawyer, co-founder Innocence Project
  • 1949 – Twiggy, English model
  • 1950 – Joan Lunden, American journalist and television host
  • 1951 – Daniel Lanois, Canadian record producer
  • 1952 – Bernard de Dryver, Belgian racing driver
  • 1952 – Gunnar Hökmark, Swedish politician
  • 1952 – Nile Rodgers, American musician and composer
  • 1955 – Richard Burmer, American composer and musician (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Rex Smith, American singer and actor
  • 1956 – Juan Manuel Fangio II, Argentine racing driver
  • 1956 – Charlie Reliford, baseball umpire
  • 1958 – Kevin Hooks, American actor and director
  • 1958 – Azumah Nelson, Ghanaian boxer
  • 1960 – Loïc Bigois, French engineer
  • 1962 – Cheri Oteri, American actress and comedian
  • 1962 – Ken Rosenthal, American sportswriter
  • 1963 – Jarvis Cocker, English musician (Pulp)
  • 1963 – David Seaman, English footballer
  • 1964 – Patrick Marber, British playwright
  • 1964 – Bob Papa, American sportscaster
  • 1964 – Trisha Yearwood, American singer
  • 1965 – Alexandra Vandernoot, Belgian actress
  • 1966 – Soledad O’Brien, American journalist
  • 1967 – Jim Abbott, baseball player
  • 1967 – Stéphane Crête, Quebec actor
  • 1967 – Alexander Karelin, Russian wrestler
  • 1969 – Alkinoos Ioannidis, Greek-Cypriot singer and composer
  • 1969 – Tapio Wilska, Finnish singer
  • 1970 – Dan Bylsma, National Hockey League player
  • 1970 – Gilbert Dionne, National Hockey League player
  • 1970 – Takanori Nishikawa, Japanese pop/rock singer
  • 1970 – Victor Williams, American actor
  • 1973 – Nick Colgan, Irish footballer
  • 1973 – Cristiano da Matta, Brazilian racing car driver
  • 1973 – Jeremy Lindsay Taylor, Australian actor
  • 1974 – Jimmy Fallon, American actor and comedian
  • 1974 – Victoria Silvstedt, Swedish model
  • 1976 – Raja Bell, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Alison Sweeney, American actress
  • 1976 – Jim Ward, American musician (At the Drive-In, Sparta)
  • 1976 – Jessica York, television personality
  • 1977 – Ryan Dusick, American drummer (Maroon 5)
  • 1978 – Michelle Alves, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1978 – Nick Johnson, baseball player
  • 1978 – Nigel Mitchell, Quizmania and Capital Disney presenter
  • 1978 – Jorge López Montaña, Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Dannielle Brent, British actress
  • 1979 – Noémie Lenoir, French supermodel and actress
  • 1980 – Tegan and Sara, Canadian singer/songwriters
  • 1981 – Scott Baker, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Damiano Cunego, Italian cyclist
  • 1981 – Rick DiPietro, American ice hockey goaltender
  • 1982 – Eleni Daniilidou, Greek tennis player
  • 1982 – Jordan Parise, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Nicole Voss, American model
  • 1983 – Joey Devine, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Charlie Haeger, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Matt Wiman, American mixed martial artist
  • 1984 – Eamon Doyle, American pop singer
  • 1984 – Kevin Zegers, Canadian actor
  • 1986 – Gerald Ciolek, German cyclist
  • 1986 – Ken Gushi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1986 – Peter Vack, American voice actor
  • 1987 – Danielle Panabaker, American actress

September 19 – Deaths:

  • 690 – Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 602)
  • 1339 – Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (b. 1288)
  • 1668 – William Waller, English soldier
  • 1692 – Giles Corey, American farmer killed in the Salem Witch Trials
  • 1693 – Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian polymath (b. 1641)
  • 1710 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (b. 1644)
  • 1843 – Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (b. 1792)
  • 1868 – William Sprague, American minister and politician from Michigan (b. 1809)
  • 1881 – James Garfield, 20th President of the United States (b. 1831)
  • 1893 – Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician, a father of Canadian Confederation (b. 1817)
  • 1905 – Thomas John Barnardo, Irish philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • 1906 – Maria Georgina Grey (b.1816), British writer who promoted women’s education and founder of the Girls’ Day School Trust.
  • 1924 – Alick Bannerman, Australian cricketer (b. 1854)
  • 1927 – Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (b. 1849)
  • 1935 – Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist (b. 1857)
  • 1936 – Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (b. 1860)
  • 1938 – Pauline Frederick, American actress (b. 1883)
  • 1942 – Condé Nast, American publisher (b. 1873)
  • 1944 – Guy Gibson, British aviator, awarded Victoria Cross (b. 1918)
  • 1949 – Will Cuppy, American humorist (b. 1884)
  • 1949 – George Shiels, Irish dramatist (b. 1886)
  • 1949 – Nikolaos Skalkottas, Greek composer (b. 1901)
  • 1955 – John D. Dingell, Sr., U.S. Congressman from Michigan (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter (b. 1884)
  • 1967 – Monica Proietti, Canadian criminal (b. 1940)
  • 1968 – Chester Carlson, American inventor (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Red Foley, American singer (b. 1910)
  • 1969 – Rex Ingram, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1972 – Robert Casadesus, French pianist (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Gram Parsons, American musician (b. 1946)
  • 1978 – Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian (b. 1884)
  • 1985 – Italo Calvino, Italian writer (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Einar Gerhardsen, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Hermes Pan, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – Orville Redenbacher, American botanist and businessman (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Rich Mullins, American singer (b. 1955)
  • 2000 – Anthony Robert Klitz, British artist (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Robert Guéï, ruler of Côte d’Ivoire (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Slim Dusty, Australian singer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Eddie Adams, American photographer, won Pulitzer Prize (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Árpád Bogsch, Hungarian turned American international civil servant (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Skeeter Davis, American singer (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Ellis Marsalis, Sr., American businessman, musician, and activist
  • 2006 – Elizabeth Allen, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Chuck Rio, American singer and saxophonist (The Champs) (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Hugh Kawharu, paramount chief of the Ngati Whatua Maori tribe (b. 1927)

September 19 – Holidays:

  • Chile – Armed Forces Day.
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis – Independence Day (from Great Britain, 1983).

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On This Day in History September 18

September 18 – Events:

  • 96 – Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated.
  • 324 – Constantine the Great decisively defeats Licinius in the Battle of Chrysopolis, establishing Constantine’s sole control over the Roman Empire.
  • 1180 – Philip Augustus becomes king of France.
  • 1454 – In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years’ War.
  • 1502 – Christopher Columbus lands at Costa Rica on his fourth, and final, voyage.
  • 1544 – Charles V of Germany and Francis I of France sign peace treaty (Truce of Crepy-en-Laonnois)
  • 1573 – Spanish attack on Alkmaar.
  • 1635 – Emperor Ferdinand II declares war on France.
  • 1679 – New Hampshire becomes a county of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1739 – The Treaty of Belgrade is signed, ceding Belgrade to the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1759 – The British capture Quebec City.
  • 1793 – The first cornerstone of the Capitol building is laid by George Washington.
  • 1809 – Royal Opera House in London opens.
  • 1810 – First Government Junta in Chile. Though supposed to rule only in the absence of the king, it was in fact the first step towards independence from Spain, and it is commemorated as such.
  • 1812 – Fire of Moscow (1812) fades down after destroying more than three quarters of the city. Napoleon returns from Petrovsky Palace to Moscow Kremlin, spared from the fire.
  • 1837 – Tiffany and Co. (first named Tiffany & Young) is founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany and John B. Young in New York City, New York. The store was called a “stationery and fancy goods emporium.”
  • 1838 – Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden.
  • 1850 – The U.S. Congress passes the Fugitive Slave Act.
  • 1851 – The New-York Daily Times, which will become The New York Times, begins publishing.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga.
  • 1872 – King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1873 – The Panic of 1873 begins.
  • 1879 – Blackpool Illuminations were switched on for the first time.
  • 1882 – Pacific Stock Exchange opens.
  • 1885 – Riots break out in Montreal to protest compulsory smallpox vaccination.
  • 1895 – Booker T Washington delivers “Atlanta Compromise” address.
  • 1895 – Daniel David Palmer gives the first chiropractic adjustment.
  • 1898 – Fashoda Incident – Lord Kitchener’s ships reach Fashoda, Sudan.
  • 1906 – A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.
  • 1910 – In Amsterdam, 25,000 demonstrate for general suffrage.
  • 1911 – Russian Premier Peter Stolypin shot at the Kiev Opera House
  • 1914 – The Irish Home Rule Act becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.
  • 1914 – World War I: South African troops land in German South West Africa.
  • 1919 – The Netherlands gives women the right to vote.
  • 1919 – Fritz Pollard becomes the first African-American to play professional football for a major team, the Akron Pros.
  • 1922 – Hungary admitted to League of Nations.
  • 1927 – Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air.
  • 1928 – Juan de la Cierva makes first autogyro crossing of the English Channel.
  • 1931 – The Mukden Incident gives Japan the pretext to invade and occupy Manchuria.
  • 1932 – Actress Peg Entwistle commits suicide by jumping from the letter “H” in the Hollywood sign.
  • 1934 – USSR admitted to League of Nations.
  • 1939 – World War II: Polish government of Ignacy Moscicki flees to Romania.
  • 1939 – William Joyce’s first Nazi propaganda broadcast.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italian troops conquer Sidi Barrani.
  • 1942 – Canadian Broadcasting Corporation authorized.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Jews of Minsk are massacred at Sobibór.
  • 1943 – World War II: Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews.
  • 1944 – World War II: British submarine HMS Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru, 5,600 killed.
  • 1945 – Gen. Douglas MacArthur moves his command headquarters to Tokyo.
  • 1947 – The United States Air Force becomes an independent service.
  • 1948 – Communist Madiun uprising in Dutch Indies.
  • 1948 – Margaret Chase Smith becomes the first woman elected to the US Senate without completing another senator’s term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten.
  • 1948 – Ralph Bunche confirmed as acting UN mediator for Palestine and Israel.
  • 1959 – Vanguard 3 launched into Earth orbit.
  • 1960 – Fidel Castro arrives in New York City as the head of the Cuban delegation to the United Nations.
  • 1961 – U.N. Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the war-torn Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 1962 – Rwanda, Burundi and Jamaica admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1964 – Constantine II of Greece marries Danish princess Anne-Marie.
  • 1964 – North Vietnamese Army begins infiltration of South Vietnam.
  • 1967 – Esporte Clube Santo André, of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1972 – First Ugandans expelled by Idi Amin arrive in the UK.
  • 1973 – East and West Germany are admitted to the United Nations.
  • 1974 – Hurricane Fifi strikes Honduras with 110 mph winds, killing 5,000 people.
  • 1975 – Patty Hearst is arrested after a year on the FBI Most Wanted List.
  • 1976 – Mao Zedong’s funeral takes place in Beijing.
  • 1977 – Voyager I takes 1st space photograph of Earth & Moon together.
  • 1978 – Leaders of Israel and Egypt reach a settlement for the Middle East at Camp David.
  • 1980 – Soyuz 38 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Cuban) to Salyut 6 space station.
  • 1981 – Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment in France
  • 1982 – Christian militia begin massacre of 600 Palestinians in Lebanon.
  • 1984 – Joe Kittinger completes first solo balloon crossing of the Atlantic.
  • 1987 – Ronald Reagan announces joint destruction of nuclear warheads by USA and USSR.
  • 1988 – End of pro-democracy uprisings in Myanmar after a bloody military coup by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Thousands, mostly monks and civilians (primarily students) were killed by the Tatmadaw.
  • 1989 – Hurricane Hugo hits Puerto Rico, killing six.
  • 1990 – Liechtenstein becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1991 – Yugoslavia began a naval blockade of 7 Adriatic port cities.
  • 1992 – An explosion rocks Giant Mine at the height of a labour dispute, killing 9 replacement  workers.
  • 1997 – U.S. media magnate Ted Turner donates USD $1 billion to the United Nations.
  • 1997 – Voters in Wales vote yes (50.3%) on a referendum on Welsh autonomy.
  • 1998 – ICANN is formed.
  • 2001 – First mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
  • 2002 – The body of missing schoolgirl Amanda Dowler is found in Yateley heath in Hampshire, ending a six-month search.
  • 2003 – Hurricane Isabel makes landfall in the U.S.
  • 2003 – The UK’s Local Government Act 2003, repealing Section 28, receives Royal Assent.
  • 2006 – Right wing protesters riot the building of the Hungarian Television in Budapest, Hungary, one day after an audio tape was made public, on which Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány admitted he and his party lied during the 2006 general elections.
  • 2007 – President General Pervez Musharraf announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president.
  • 2007 – Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what some call the Saffron Revolution.

September 18 – Birthdays:

  • 53 – Trajan, Roman Emperor (d. 117)
  • 1344 – Marie Valois, Princess of France (d. 1404)
  • 1434 – Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress (d. 1467)
  • 1505 – Maria of Austria, wife of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1558)
  • 1587 – Francesca Caccini, Italian composer (d. circa 1640)
  • 1643 – Gilbert Burnet, Scottish Bishop of Salisbury (d. 1715)
  • 1676 – Eberhard Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1733)
  • 1684 – Johann Gottfried Walther, German composer (d. 1748)
  • 1709 – Samuel Johnson, English writer and lexicographer (d. 1784)
  • 1718 – Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian statesman (d. 1783)
  • 1718 – Maria Anna of Austria, Duchess of Lorraine (d. 1744)
  • 1733 – George Read, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence (d. 1798)
  • 1750 – Tomas de Iriarte, Spanish writer (d. 1791)
  • 1752 – Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (d. 1833)
  • 1765 – Pope Gregory XVI (d. 1846)
  • 1779 – Joseph Story, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1845)
  • 1786 – Christian VIII of Denmark, King of Denmark (d. 1848)
  • 1786 – Justinus Kerner, German poet (d. 1862)
  • 1812 – Herschel Vespasian Johnson, American politician (d. 1880)
  • 1819 – Leon Foucault, French physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1837 – Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (d. 1880)
  • 1838 – Anton Mauve, Dutch artist (d. 1888)
  • 1857 – John Hessin Clarke, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1945)
  • 1859 – John L. Bates, 41 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1859 – Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher (d. 1940)
  • 1863 – Hermann Kutter, Swiss theologian (d. 1931)
  • 1870 – Clark Wissler, American anthropologist (d. 1947)
  • 1875 – Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d.1945)
  • 1876 – James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1953)
  • 1883 – Gerald Hugh Tyrwhitt-Wilson, British composer (d. 1950)
  • 1889 – Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Arthur Benjamin, Australian composer (d. 1960)
  • 1893 – William March, American writer (d. 1954)
  • 1895 – John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1979)
  • 1901 – Harold Clurman, American film producer (d. 1980)
  • 1905 – Eddie Anderson, American actor (d. 1977)
  • 1905 – Agnes de Mille, American choreographer (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Greta Garbo, Swedish actress (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Leon Askin, Austrian actor (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Edwin McMillan, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1911 – Syd Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1976)
  • 1912 – Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Jack Cardiff, British film director
  • 1916 – Rossano Brazzi, Italian singer and actor (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – John Jacob Rhodes, Jr., American politician and lawyer (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Frank Bell, British educator (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – June Foray, American voice actress
  • 1917 – Francis Parker Yockey, author of Imperium (d. 1960)
  • 1918 – John Berger, English politician
  • 1920 – Jack Warden, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Grayson Hall, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1922 – Ray Steadman-Allen, English composer
  • 1923 – Peter Smithson, English architect (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Queen Anne of Romania
  • 1925 – Harvey Haddix, American baseball player (d. 1994)
  • 1926 – Bud Greenspan, American film producer
  • 1926 – Bob Toski, American golfer
  • 1927 – Phyllis Kirk, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Nancy Littlefield, American film producer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Nikolai Rukavishnikov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Scotty Bowman, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1933 – Robert Blake, American actor
  • 1933 – Jimmie Rodgers, American singer and composer
  • 1933 – Robert Foster Bennett, American senator (Utah)
  • 1935 – John Spencer, English snooker player (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – Ralph Backstrom, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1939 – Frankie Avalon, American musician
  • 1939 – Jorge Sampaio, former President of Portugal
  • 1939 – Fred Willard, American comedian
  • 1939 – Harald Heide-Steen Jr., Norwegian actor
  • 1942 – Alex Stepney, English football goalkeeper
  • 1944 – Michael Franks, American musician
  • 1944 – Charles L. Veach, American astronaut (d. 1995)
  • 1944 – Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Nicholas Clay, English actor (d. 2000)
  • 1946 – Otis Sistrunk, American football player
  • 1947 – Giancarlo Minardi, Italian motor racing team boss
  • 1948 – Ken Brett, American baseball player (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Jim McCrery, American politician
  • 1949 – Mo Mowlam, British politician (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Peter Shilton, English footballer
  • 1949 – Kerry Livgren, American singer (Kansas)
  • 1950 – Shabana Azmi, Indian actress
  • 1950 – Darryl Sittler, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1950 – Anna Deavere Smith, American actress and playwright
  • 1951 – Benjamin Carson, American neurosurgeon
  • 1951 – Darryl Stingley, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – Dee Dee Ramone, American bassist (The Ramones) (d. 2002)
  • 1951 – Marc Surer, Swiss motor racing driver
  • 1952 – Rick Pitino, American basketball coach
  • 1953 – Betsy Boze nee: Vogel, American Academic
  • 1954 – Tommy Tuberville, Auburn Head Football Coach
  • 1954 – Murtaza Bhutto, Pakistani politician (d. 1996)
  • 1954 – Takao Doi, Japanese astronaut
  • 1954 – Dennis Johnson, American basketball player (d. 2007)
  • 1955 – Bob Papenbrook, American voice actor (d. 2006)
  • 1956 – Peter Štastný, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Chris Hedges, American journalist and author
  • 1958 – John Aldridge, Irish footballer
  • 1958 – Don Geronimo, Radio personality of the Don & Mike Show
  • 1959 – Ryne Sandberg, American baseball player
  • 1959 – Ian Arkwright, English footballer
  • 1961 – James Gandolfini, American actor
  • 1962 – Joanne Catherall, English singer
  • 1962 – John Fashanu, English footballer
  • 1962 – Boris Said, American race car driver
  • 1963 – Rob Brettle, British historian
  • 1964 – Marco Masini, Italian singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Holly Robinson Peete, American actress
  • 1967 – Ricky Bell, American singer (New Edition, Bell Biv DeVoe)
  • 1967 – Tara Fitzgerald, English actress
  • 1968 – Toni Kukoc, Croatian basketball player
  • 1968 – Cappadonna, American rapper
  • 1970 – Darren Gough, English cricketer
  • 1970 – Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (d. 1993)
  • 1970 – Aisha Tyler, American actress and comedian
  • 1971 – Lance Armstrong, American cyclist
  • 1971 – Anna Netrebko, Russian opera singer
  • 1971 – Jada Pinkett Smith, American model and actress
  • 1972 – David Jefferies, British motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
  • 1973 – Paul Brousseau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – James Marsden, American actor
  • 1973 – Ami Onuki, Japanese singer (Puffy Amiyumi)
  • 1973 – Mark Shuttleworth, South African entrepreneur
  • 1974 – Sol Campbell, English footballer
  • 1974 – Ticha Penicheiro, Portuguese basketball player
  • 1974 – Xzibit, American rapper
  • 1975 – Kanstantsin Lukashyk, Belarusian pistol shooter
  • 1976 – Ronaldo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1977 – Li Tie, Chinese footballer
  • 1978 – Pilar López de Ayala, Spanish actress
  • 1978 – Augustine Simo, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1979 – Alison Lohman, American actress
  • 1979 – Daniel Aranzubia, Spanish footballer
  • 1980 – Chris Tarrant (footballer), Australian football player
  • 1981 – Jennifer Tisdale, American actress & model
  • 1983 – Kevin Doyle, Irish footballer
  • 1984 – Anthony Gonzalez, Professional American Football Player
  • 1986 – Keeley Hazell, British model
  • 1988 – Annette Obrestad, Norwegian poker player

September 18 – Deaths:

  • 96 – Domitian, Roman Emperor (b. 51)
  • 887 – Pietro I Candiano, Doge of Venice (killed in battle)
  • 1180 – King Louis VII of France (b. 1120)
  • 1598 – Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese warlord (b. 1536)
  • 1630 – Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (b. 1552)
  • 1663 – St Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint (b. 1603)
  • 1675 – Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1604)
  • 1721 – Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat (b. 1664)
  • 1722 – André Dacier, French classical scholar (b. 1651)
  • 1783 – Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (b. 1707)
  • 1783 – Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (b. 1718)
  • 1792 – August Gottlieb Spangenberg, German religious leader (b. 1704)
  • 1827 – Robert Pollok, Scottish poet (b. 1789)
  • 1830 – William Hazlitt, English essayist (b. 1778)
  • 1860 – Joseph Locke, English railway builder and civil engineer (b. 1805)
  • 1872 – King Charles XV / Carl IV of Sweden and Norway (b. 1826)
  • 1891 – William Ferrel, American mathematician (b. 1817)
  • 1896 – Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (b. 1819)
  • 1905 – George MacDonald, Scottish writer and minister (b. 1824)
  • 1911 – Pyotr Stolypin, Russian politician (b. 1862)
  • 1924 – Francis Herbert Bradley, British philosopher (b. 1846)
  • 1939 – Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer, painter, and photographer (b. 1885)
  • 1944 – Robert G. Cole American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (b. 1915)
  • 1949 – Frank Morgan, American actor (b. 1890)
  • 1953 – Charles de Tornaco, Belgian racing driver (b. 1927)
  • 1956 – Adélard Godbout, premier of Quebec (b. 1892)
  • 1959 – Benjamin Péret, French surrealist author
  • 1961 – Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish United Nations Secretary-General and distinguished economist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1905)
  • 1964 – Clive Bell, English art critic (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Sean O’Casey, Irish writer (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – John Cockcroft, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – Jimi Hendrix, American musician (b. 1942)
  • 1977 – Paul Bernays, Swiss mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 1980 – Katherine Anne Porter, American novelist (b. 1890)
  • 1986 – Pat Phoenix, English actress (b. 1923)
  • 1994 – Vitas Gerulaitis, American tennis player (b. 1954)
  • 1997 – Jimmy Witherspoon, blues singer (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Ernie Coombs, Canadian entertainer (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Bob Hayes, American athlete (b. 1942)
  • 2002 – Mauro Ramos, Brazilian football player (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Emil Fackenheim, German Holocaust survivor and philosopher (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Bob Mitchell, British politician (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Norman Cantor, Canadian historian (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Russ Meyer, American film director (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Michael Park, British Rally co-driver (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Edward J. King, 66th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1925)

September 18 – Holidays:

  • In ancient Greece, the fifth day of the Eleusinian Mysteries.
  • Chile – Independence Day (first junta 1810).

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