Monthly Archives: January 2012

On This Day in History January 31

January 31 – Events:

  • 1504 -France     cedesNaplestoAragon.
  • 1606 – Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes      is executed for his plotting against Parliament and James I ofEngland.
  • 1747 – The first venereal      diseases clinic opens atLondon     LockHospital.
  • 1814 – Gervasio Antonio de      Posadas becomes Supreme Director ofArgentina.
  • 1846 – After the Milwaukee Bridge      War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee,      Wisconsin.
  • 1849 – Corn Laws are abolished in      theUnited Kingdom     (following legislation in 1846).
  • 1865 – American Civil War:      Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
  •  1867 – Maronite nationalist leader      Youssef Karam leavesLebanon     on board of a French ship forAlgeria.
  • 1876 – TheUnited Statesorders all      Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • 1891 – The first attempt of a      Portuguese republican revolution brakes out in the northern city ofPorto.
  • 1895 – José      Martí & others leaveNew York        CityNYfor      invasion of Spanish Cuba.
  • 1900 – Datu Muhammad Salleh is      assassinated in Kampung Teboh, Tambuan, ending the Mat Salleh Rebellion.
  • 1901 – Chekhov’s      “Three Sisters” opens at theMoscowArt     Theater.
  • 1905 – First      auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald,Daytona Beach.
  • 1905 – Carroll      Wright appointed firstUS     Commissioner of Labor.
  • 1906 – Strongest      instrumentally recorded earthquake,Colombia, 8.6 Richter scale.
  • 1911 – Congress      namesSan FranciscoasPanama       Canalopening celebration site
  • 1915 – World War I:Germanyuses poison gas againstRussia
  • 1917 – World War I:Germany     announces its U-boats will engage in unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • 1918 – A series of accidental      collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy      submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • 1919 – The Battle of George      Square takes place inGlasgow,      Scotland.
  • 1929 – The Soviet Union exiles      Leon Trotsky toTurkey.
  • 1930 – 3M begins marketing Scotch      Tape.
  • 1936 – The Green Hornet radio      show debuts.
  • 1941 – Layforce set sail.
  • 1944 – World War II: American      forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-heldMarshall Islands.
  • 1944 – World War II: During Anzio      campaign 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby’s Rangers) was destroyed behind enemy      lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Battle of Cisterna,Italy.
  • 1945 -USArmy private Eddie Slovik      is executed, the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed      for desertion.
  • 1946 -Yugoslavia’s      new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent      republics (Bosnia-Herzegovina,Croatia,Macedonia,     Montenegro,SerbiaandSlovenia).
  • 1948 – J. D.      Salinger’s “A Perfect Day for Banana Fish” appears in NY.
  • 1948 – Magnetic      tape recorder developed by Wireway.
  • 1949 – First      daytime soap on TV “These Are My Children” (NBC inChicago).
  • 1950 – President Harry S. Truman      announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1953 – A North Sea flood causes      over 1,800 deaths in theNetherlands.
  • 1956 – Juscelino      Kubitschek becomes President of Brazil.
  • 1956 – Guy Mollet becomes Prime      Minister of France.
  • 1957 – Eight people on the ground      inPacoima,Californiaare killed following the      mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89      Scorpion fighter jet.
  • 1958 – Explorer program: Explorer      1 – The first successful launch of an American satellite into orbit.
  • 1958 – James Van Allen discovers      the Van Allen radiation belt.
  • 1961 – Project Mercury:      Mercury-Redstone 2 – Ham the Chimp travels into outer space.
  • 1968 – Viet Cong attack theUnited Statesembassy inSaigon.
  • 1968 -Nauru     declares independence fromAustralia.
  • 1970 – A Saskatchewan Court      convicts 17-year-old hippie David Milgaard of murder; he is sentenced to      life in prison. He spent 23 years in jail until April 14, 1992 when DNA evidence      proves him innocent of all charges.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 14      Mission – Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell,      aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on      the Moon.
  • 1971 – The Winter Soldier      Investigation, organized by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War to      publicize war crimes and atrocities by Americans and allies inVietnam, begin inDetroit,Michigan.
  • 1974 –      MacDonald’s founder Ray Kroc buys San Diego Padres.
  • 1975 – Barry      Manilow’s “Mandy” goes gold.
  • 1975 – UCLA wins      NCAA basketball championship.
  • 1976 –      “Love Rollercoaster” by Ohio Players hits #1.
  • 1980 – Thirty-nine people burn to      death in the occupation of the Spanish Embassy inGuatemala.
  • 1981 – “The      Tide Is High” by Blondie hits #1.
  • 1984 – Edwin Newman      retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network.
  • 1986 – Mary      Lund, ofMinnesota,      is first female recipient of an artificial heart.
  • 1988 – Barge      sinks nearAnacortesWA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil.
  • 1990 – First      McDonalds inRussia     opens inMoscow,      world’s biggest McDonalds.
  • 1992 –      Sportscaster Howard Cosell retires.
  • 1994 – Dow Jones      hits a record 3,978.36
  • 1995 – President Bill Clinton      authorizes a $20 billion loan toMexicoto stabilize its economy.
  • 1996 – An explosives-filled truck      rams into the gates of the Central Bank ofSri       LankainColombo,      Sri Lanka     killing at least 86 and injuring 1,400.
  • 2000 – Alaska Airlines flight 261      MD-83, experiencing horizontal stabilizer problems, crashes in the Pacific      Ocean off the coast of Point Mugu,California,      killing all 88 persons aboard.
  • 2001 – In theNetherlandsa Scottish court convicts a      Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight      103 which crashed intoLockerbie,      Scotland     in 1988.
  • 2003 – The Waterfall train disaster      occurs nearWaterfall,      New South Wales,Australia.
  • 2007 – Suspects are arrested inBirminghamin theUK,      accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a      serving Muslim British soldier inIraq.
  • 2008 – The MS Riverdance is      beached atBlackpoolafter its cargo      shifts. The ship had been hit broadside by a wave in theIrish       Sea.

January 31 – Birthdays:

  • 877 – Taejo of Goryeo, ruler ofKorea     (d. 943)
  • 1512 – King Henry ofPortugal     (d. 1580)
  • 1543 – Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of     Japan     (d. 1616)
  • 1550 – Henry I, Duke of Guise,      French Catholic leader (d. 1588)
  • 1597 – John Francis Regis, French      saint (d. 1640)
  • 1624 – Arnold Geulincx, Flemish      philosopher (d. 1669)
  • 1673 – Louis de Montfort, French      catholic priest and saint (d. 1716)
  • 1686 – Hans Egede, Norwegian      Lutheran missionary (d. 1758)
  • 1752 – Gouverneur Morris,      American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
  • 1759 – François Devienne, French      composer (d. 1803)
  • 1797 – Franz Schubert, Austrian      composer (d. 1828)
  • 1820 – William B. Washburn, 28th      Governor ofMassachusetts     (d. 1887)
  • 1857 – George Jackson Churchward,      Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – Henri Desgrange, Founder      of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)
  • 1865 – Shastriji Maharaj, Indian      spiritual leader (d. 1951)
  • 1866 – Lev Shestov, Russian      philosopher (d. 1938)
  • 1868 – Theodore William Richards,      American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1928)
  • 1872 – Zane Grey, American      Western writer (d. 1939)
  • 1881 – Irving Langmuir, American      chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1881 – Anna Pavlova, Russian      ballerina (d. 1931)
  • 1884 – Theodor Heuss, 1st      President ofGermany     (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
  • 1889 – Frank Foster, English      cricketer (d. 1958)
  • 1892 – Eddie Cantor, American      actor and singer (d. 1964)
  • 1894 – Isham Jones, American      musician (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian      mathematician (d. 1966)
  • 1902 – Tallulah Bankhead,      American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1902 – Alva Myrdal, Swedish      politician, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1905 – John O’Hara, American      writer (d. 1970)
  • 1911 – Eddie Byrne, British actor      (d. 1981)
  • 1913 – Don Hutson, American      football player (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Carey Loftin, American      actor and stuntman (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Sri Daya Mata, Hindu      religious figure
  • 1914 – Jersey Joe Walcott,      American boxer (d. 1994)
  • 1915 – Alan Lomax, American      musicologist (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Thomas Merton, American      author and monk (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Garry Moore, American      comedian (d. 1993)
  • 1919 – Jackie Robinson, American      baseball player, and the first black player in Major League Baseball (d.      1972)
  • 1921 – John Agar, American actor      (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Carol Channing, American      actress and singer
  • 1921 – E. Fay Jones, American      architect (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Mario Lanza, American      singer (d. 1959)
  • 1922 – Joanne Dru, American      actress (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Norman Mailer, American      writer and journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Benjamin Hooks, American      civil rights leader
  • 1926 – Tom Alston, American      baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Chuck Willis, American      singer and songwriter (d. 1958)
  • 1929 – Rudolf Mössbauer, German      physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Jean Simmons, English      actress
  • 1930 – Lynn Carlin, American      actress
  • 1930 – Joakim Bonnier, Swedish      racecar driver (d. 1972)
  • 1931 – Ernie Banks, American      baseball player
  • 1931 – Christopher Chataway,      English athlete, newscaster and politician
  • 1933 – Camille Henry, Canadian      ice hockey player (d. 1997)
  • 1933 – Bernardo Provenzano ,      Mafia Boss
  • 1934 – James Franciscus, American      actor (d. 1991)
  • 1934 – Bob Turner, Canadian ice      hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Kenzaburo Oe, Japanese      writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 – Regimantas Adomaitis,      Lithuanian actor
  • 1937 – Andrée Boucher, Canadian      politician (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Philip Glass, American      composer
  • 1937 – Suzanne Pleshette,      American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1938 – Queen Beatrix of theNetherlands
  • 1938 – James G. Watt, American      politician
  • 1939 – Claude Gauthier, Canadian      singer and songwriter
  • 1940 – Kitch Christie, South      African rugby union coach (d. 1998)
  • 1941 – Richard A. Gephardt,      American politician
  • 1941 – Jessica Walter, American      actress
  • 1942 – Daniela Bianchi, Italian      actress
  • 1942 – Derek Jarman, British      director and writer (d. 1994)
  • 1944 – Charlie Musselwhite,      American musician
  • 1945 – Joseph Kosuth, American      conceptual artist
  • 1946 – Terry Kath, American      musician (Chicago)      (d. 1978)
  • 1947 – Jonathan Banks, American      actor
  • 1947 – Nolan Ryan, American      baseball player
  • 1948 – Muneo Suzuki, Japanese      politician
  • 1949 – Johan Derksen, Dutch      footballer and sports journalist
  • 1949 – Ken Wilber, American      philosopher
  • 1950 – Alexander Korzhakov, Boris      Yeltsin’s bodyguard
  • 1951 – Dave Benton, Aruban-born      singer
  • 1951 – Harry Wayne Casey,      American singer and musician (KC and the Sunshine Band)
  • 1951 – Phil Manzanera, English      guitarist (Roxy Music, Quiet Sun, 801)
  • 1952 – Nadya Rusheva, Russian      painter (d. 1969)
  • 1954 – Adrian Vandenberg, Dutch      musician (Whitesnake)
  • 1956 – John Lydon aka Johnny      Rotten, English singer (Sex Pistols, Public Image Ltd.)
  • 1959 – Anthony LaPaglia,      Australian actor
  • 1959 – Kelly Lynch, American      actress
  • 1959 – Kelly Moore, American      stock car driver
  • 1960 – Grant Morrison, British      comic book author
  • 1961 – Lloyd Cole, British singer
  • 1964 -Sylvie Bernier,Quebec     diver
  • 1964 – Jeff Hanneman, American      musician (Slayer)
  • 1964 – Billey Shamrock, Swedish      singer
  • 1966 – Dr Umar Alisha, A Sufi      Master was Born at Pithapuram.
  • 1967 – Fat Mike, American      musician
  • 1967 – Irene Wan,Hong Kongactress
  • 1967 – Joey Wong, Taiwanese      actress
  • 1970 – Minnie Driver, British      actress
  • 1971 – Lee Young Ae, South Korean      actress
  • 1971 – Patrick Kielty, Northern      Irish comedian
  • 1971 – Dimitris Markos, Greek      footballer
  • 1973 – Portia de Rossi,      Australian actress
  • 1974 – Wil Anderson, Australian      comedian
  • 1974 – Ariel Pestano, Cuban      baseball player
  • 1975 – Fred Coleman, former      National Football League wide receiver
  • 1975 – Jackie O, Australian radio      host
  • 1975 – Preity Zinta, Indian      actress
  • 1976 – Traianos Dellas, Greek      footballer
  • 1976 – Buddy Rice, American race      car driver
  • 1977 – Mark Dutiaume, National      Hockey League player
  • 1977 – Shingo Katori, Japanese      actor and singer (SMAP)
  • 1977 – Jim Kleinsasser, National      Football League tight end
  • 1977 – Kate Shindle, American      actress
  • 1977 – Kerry Washington, American      actress
  • 1978 – Fabián Caballero,      Argentine footballer
  • 1978 – Brad Rutter, Jeopardy! Champion
  • 1978 – Ray Shah, Irish DJ, TV,      radio presenter
  • 1979 – Daniel Tammet, British      autistic savant
  • 1980 – Ryan Kienle, American      musician
  • 1980 – Tiffany Limos, American      actress
  • 1981 – Julio Arca, Argentinian      football player
  • 1981 – Justin Timberlake,      American singer
  • 1982 – Yuniesky Betancourt, Major      League Baseball shortstop
  • 1982 – Andreas Görlitz, German      football player
  • 1982 – Bruno Nogueira, Portuguese      actor, comedian and TV host
  • 1982 – Elena Paparizou, Greek      singer
  • 1982 – Janis Sprukts, National      Hockey League player
  • 1982 – Brad Thompson, Major      League Baseball player
  • 1983 – James Sutton, British      television actor
  • 1984 – Jeremy Wariner, American      400m runner
  • 1985 – Adam Federici, Australian      footballer

January 31 – Deaths:

  • 743 – Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia      Imam (b. 676)
  • 1398 – Emperor Suko (b. 1334)
  • 1435 – Xuande, Emperor ofChina     (b. 1398)
  • 1561 – Bairam Khan, Great Mughal      General, regent for Akbar
  • 1561 – Menno Simons, Dutch      Mennonite leader (b. 1496)
  • 1580 – Henry ofPortugal(b. 1512)
  • 1606 – Gunpowder Plot      conspirators:
    • Guy Fawkes (b.       1570)
    • Ambrose       Rokewood (b. c. 1578)
    • Thomas Wintour       (b. 1571)
  • 1615 – Claudio Aquaviva, Italian      Jesuit (b. 1543)
  • 1632 – Joost Bürgi, Swiss      clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
  • 1665 – Johannes Clauberg, German      theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
  • 1686 – Jean Mairet, French      dramatist (b. 1604)
  • 1720 – Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of      Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)
  • 1729 – Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch      explorer (b. 1659)
  • 1736 – Filippo Juvara, Italian architect      (b. 1678)
  • 1788 – Charles Edward Stuart,      pretender to the British throne (b. 1720)
  • 1790 – Thomas Lewis, Irish-bornVirginiasettler      (b. 1718)
  • 1794 – Marriott Arbuthnot,      British admiral (b. 1711)
  • 1815 – José Félix Ribas,      Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
  • 1828 – Alexander Ypsilantis,      Phanariot Greek military commander and national hero of the Greek War of      Independence (b.1792
  • 1844 – Henri Gratien, Comte      Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)
  • 1888 – John Bosco, Italian      priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)
  • 1892 – Charles Spurgeon, English      preacher and evangelist (b. 1834)
  • 1907 – Timothy Eaton, Canadian      department store founder (b. 1834)
  • 1923 – Eligiusz Niewiadomski,      assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (b. 1869)
  • 1933 – John Galsworthy, English      writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1942 – Henry Larkin, Baseball      player (b. 1860)
  • 1944 – Jean Giraudoux, French      writer (b. 1882)
  • 1945 – Eddie Slovik, American      soldier (b. 1920)
  • 1954 – Edwin Howard Armstrong,      American electrical engineer and inventor of the FM radio (b. 1890)
  • 1955 – John Mott, American YMCA      leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)
  • 1956 – A. A. Milne, English      author (b. 1882)
  • 1966 – General Arthur Ernest      Percival, British Army Officer (b. 1887)
  • 1967 – Eddie Tolan, American      athlete (b. 1908)
  • 1969 – Meher Baba, Indian guru      (b. 1894)
  • 1970 – Slim Harpo, American      singer (b. 1924)
  • 1971 – Viktor Maksimovich      Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian, linguist (b. 1891)
  • 1973 – Ragnar Anton Kittil      Frisch, Norwegian economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1974 – Samuel Goldwyn,      Polish-born film studio executive (b. 1882)
  • 1976 – Ernesto Miranda, American      litigant (b. 1941)
  • 1981 – Cozy Cole, American jazz      drummer (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Yves Allégret, French film      director (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Rashad Khalifa,      Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)
  • 1995 – George Abbott, American      stage director and producer (b. 1887)
  • 1997 – John Joseph Scanlan, Irish      Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Norm Zauchin, American      baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2000 – Gil Kane, Latvian-born      comic book writer (b. 1926)
  • 2001 – Gordon R. Dickson,      Canadian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Francis Gabreski, American      fighter pilot (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Eleanor Holm, American      swimmer (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Moira Shearer, Scottish      actress (The Red Shoes) and ballerina (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Kirka Babitzin, Finnish      singer (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Molly Ivins, American      political columnist and author (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Lee Bergere, American      actor (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Adelaide Tambo, South      African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)

January 31 – Holidays:

  • Catholicism – Feast day of St.      John Bosco, patron saint of Christian apprentices, editors, and publishers
  • Saint Pedro Nolasco
  • Saint Marcella
  • Saint Geminianus
  • Blessed Ludovica
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On This Day in History January 30

January 30 – Events:

  • 1648 – Eighty Years’ War: The      Treaty of Münster is signed, ending the conflict between theNetherlandsandSpain.
  • 1649 – King Charles I ofEnglandis      beheaded.
  • 1661 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord      Protector of theCommonwealth      ofEnglandis ritually      executed after having been dead for two years.
  • 1790 – The first boat      specializing as a lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne.
  • 1806 – The original Lower Trenton      Bridge (also called the Trenton Makes the World Takes Bridge), which spans      the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New      Jersey, is opened.
  • 1820 – Edward Bransfield sights      theTrinityPeninsula     and claims the discovery ofAntarctica.
  • 1826 – TheMenai    Suspension Bridge, considered the      world’s first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to      thenorth Westcoast ofWalesis      opened.
  • 1835 – In the first assassination      attempt against a President of theUnited States, Richard Lawrence      attempts to shoot president Andrew Jackson.
  • 1841 – A fire destroys two-thirds      of Mayagüez,Puerto Rico.
  • 1847 -Yerba       Buena,Californiais renamedSan Francisco.
  • 1858 – The first Hallé concert is      given inManchester,England, marking the official founding      of the Hallé Orchestra as a full-time, professional orchestra.
  • 1862 – The first American      ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched.
  • 1889 – Archduke Crown Prince      Rudolf ofAustria,      heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress      Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
  • 1894 – Pneumatic      hammer patented by Charles King ofDetroit
  • 1911 – The destroyer USS Terry      (DD-25) makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of      James McCurdy 10 miles fromHavana,      Cuba.
  • 1911 – The Canadian Naval Service      becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
  • 1913 – TheUnited Kingdom’s      House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill.
  • 1925 – The Government ofTurkeythrows Patriarch Constantine VI out      ofIstanbul.
  • 1930 – The world’s first      radiosonde is launched inPavlovsk,      USSR.
  • 1933 “The      Lone Ranger” premiers on ABC radio
  • 1933 – Adolf Hitler is sworn in      as Chancellor of Germany.
  • 1943 – World War II: Second day      of the Battle of Rennell Island. TheUSS Chicago (CA- 29) is sunk      and aU.S.      destroyer is heavily damaged by Japanese torpedoes.
  • 1943 – Holocaust inLetychiv,Ukraine: The Nazi Gestapo      commences mass shootings of Jews from Letychiv Ghetto. 200 surviving Jews      from Letychiv slave labor camp are ordered to undress and are shot with a      machine-gun into a ravine. Some 7,000 Jews were murdered in Letychiv.
  • 1944 – World War II:United States     troops land on Majuro.
  • 1945 – The Wilhelm Gustloff,      overfilled with refugees, sinks in theBaltic Sea      after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, leading to the deadliest      maritime disaster in known history, killing roughly 9,000 people.
  • 1945 – World War II: Raid atCabanatuan: 126      American Rangers and Filipino resistance liberate 500 prisoners from the      Cabanatuan POW camp.
  • 1945 – World War II: Hitler gives      his last ever public address, a radio address on the 12th anniversary      of his coming to power.
  • 1948 – Indian pacifist and leader      Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu      extremist.
  • 1948 – 5th      Winter Olympic games open inSt        Moritz,Switzerland.
  • 1956 – American civil rights      leader Martin Luther King, Jr.’s home is bombed in retaliation for the      Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • 1958 – House of      Lords passes bill allowing women
  • 1962 – Two of the high-wire      Flying Wallendas are killed when their seven-person pyramid collapses      during a performance inDetroit,      Michigan.
  • 1964 – Ranger program: Ranger 6      is launched.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: The Tet      Offensive begins when Viet Cong forces launch a series of surprise attacks      inSouth Vietnam.
  • 1969 – The Beatles’ last public      performance, on the roof of Apple Records inLondon. The impromptu concert is broken      up by the police.
  • 1972 – Bloody Sunday: United      Kingdom British Paratroopers kill fourteen civil rights/anti internment      marchers inNorthern        Ireland.
  • 1972 -Pakistan     withdraws from theCommonwealth of Nations.
  • 1973 – Jury      finds Watergate defendants Liddy & McCord guilty on all count.
  • 1975 – The first faroese stamp is      issued.
  • 1976 – George H. W. Bush becomes      the 11th director of the CIA.
  • 1982 – Richard Skrenta writes the      first PC virus code, which is 400 lines long and disguised as an Apple boot      program called “Elk Cloner.”
  • 1983 – Super      Bowl XVII-Washington Redskins-27, Miami Dolphins-17
  • 1989 – The American embassy inKabul,Afghanistan     closes.
  • 1994 – Péter Lékó becomes the      youngest chess grand master.
  • 1995 – Workers from the National      Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the      first preventive treatment for sickle-cell disease.
  • 1996 – Gino Gallagher, the      suspected leader of the Irish National Liberation Army, is killed while      waiting in line for his unemployment benefit.
  • 1996 – Comet Hyakutake is      discovered by Japanese amateur astronomer Yuji Hyakutake.
  • 2000 – Off the coast ofIvory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431      crashes into theAtlantic Ocean, killing      169.
  • 2003 -Belgiumlegally recognizes same-sex      marriage.

January 30 – Birthdays:

  • 133 – Marcus Severus Didius      Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
  • 1505 – Thomas Tallis, English      composer (d. 1585)
  • 1563 – Franciscus Gomarus, Dutch      theologian (d. 1641)
  • 1615 – Thomas Rolfe, American      colonial settler and only child of Pocahontas and John Rolfe (d. 1675)
  • 1661 – Charles Rollin, French      historian (d. 1741)
  • 1687 – Johann Balthasar Neumann,      German architect (d. 1753)
  • 1697 – Johann Joachim Quantz,      German flautist and composer (d. 1773)
  • 1720 – Charles De Geer, Swedish      industrialist and entomologist (d. 1778)
  • 1754 – John Lansing, Jr.,      American statesman (d. 1829)
  • 1781 – Adelbert von Chamisso,      German writer (d. 1838)
  • 1816 – Nathaniel Prentice Banks,      24th Governor ofMassachusetts     (d. 1894)
  • 1822 – Franz Ritter von Hauer,      Austrian geologist (d. 1899)
  • 1832 – Infanta Luisa Fernanda,      Duchess of Montpensier (d. 1897)
  • 1841 – Félix Faure, 6th President      of theFrench     ThirdRepublic     (d. 1899)
  • 1859 – Tony Mullane, Irish-born      American baseball player (d. 1944)
  • 1861 – Charles Martin Loeffler,      German-born composer (d. 1935)
  • 1873 – Georges Ricard-Cordingley,      painter (d. 1939)
  • 1878 – Anton Hansen Tammsaare,      Estonian author (d. 1940)
  • 1882 -Franklin     D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of theUnited States(d. 1945)
  • 1889 – Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi      poet, dramatist and novelist (d. 1937)
  • 1894 – Tsar Boris III ofBulgaria     (d. 1943)
  • 1899 – Max Theiler, South African      virologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1901 – Rudolf Caracciola, German      race car driver (d. 1959)
  • 1902 – Nikolaus Pevsner,      German-born art historian (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – C Subramaniam, Indian      politician (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – Roy Eldridge, American      musician (d. 1989)
  • 1912 – Werner Hartmann, German      physicist (d. 1988)
  • 1912 – Francis Schaeffer,      American Evangelical theologian and pastor (d. 1984)
  • 1912 – Barbara W. Tuchman,      American historian (d. 1989)
  • 1913 – Percy Thrower, British      Television Gardener (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – John Ireland, Canadian      actor (d. 1992)
  • 1914 – David Wayne, American      actor (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Joachim Peiper, German SS      officer (d. 1976, by assassination)
  • 1915 – John Profumo, British      cabinet minister (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Paul Frère, Belgian racing      driver and motorsport journalist d. 2008)
  • 1918 – David Opatoshu, American      television actor (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Nikolay Glazkov, Russian      poet (d. 1979)
  • 1920 – Carwood Lipton, American      WWII veteran (d. 2001)
  • 1920 – Delbert Mann, American      film director
  • 1922 – Dick Martin, American      comedian
  • 1924 – Lloyd Alexander, American      writer (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Douglas Engelbart, American      computer scientist
  • 1925 – Dorothy Malone, American      actress
  • 1927 – Olof Palme, Prime Minister      ofSweden     (d. 1986)
  • 1928 – Hal Prince, American stage      producer and director
  • 1929 – Lucille Teasdale-Corti,      Canadian surgeon and international aid worker (d. 1996)
  • 1930 – Sandy Amorós, Cuban      baseball player (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Samuel J. Byck, American      attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (d. 1974)
  • 1930 – Gene Hackman, American      actor
  • 1930 – Magnus Malan, South      African politician
  • 1931 – John Crosbie, Canadian      politician
  • 1931 – Allan W. Eckert, American      historian, naturalist, and author
  • 1931 – Shirley Hazzard,      Australian-born author
  • 1932 – Knock Yokoyama, Japanese      comedian and politician
  • 1933 – Louis Rukeyser, American      journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1935 – Richard Brautigan,      American writer and poet (d. 1984)
  • 1936 – F. Vernon Boozer, American      politician
  • 1936 – Patrick Caulfield, British      painter and printmaker (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Horst Jankowski, German      popular pianist (d. 1998)
  • 1937 – Ed Hansen, American film      director and editor (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Vanessa Redgrave, English      actress
  • 1937 – Boris Spassky, Russian      chess player
  • 1938 – Islom Karimov, President      ofUzbekistan
  • 1941 – Gregory Benford, American      author and scientist
  • 1941 – Dick Cheney, 46th Vice      President of theUnited        States
  • 1941 – Tineke Lagerberg, Dutch      swimmer
  • 1942 – Marty Balin, American      musician
  • 1943 – Davey Johnson, American      baseball player and manager
  • 1945 – Michael Dorris, American      author (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Les Barker, English poet
  • 1947 – Steve Marriott, English      musician (The Small Faces) (d. 1991)
  • 1948 – Nick Broomfield, English      film- and documentary-maker
  • 1948 – Paul Magee, Provisional      Irish Republican Army member
  • 1949 – Peter Agre, American      biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1950 – Trinidad Silva, American      actor (d. 1988)
  • 1951 – Phil Collins, English      musician
  • 1951 – Charles S. Dutton,      American actor
  • 1951 – Bobby Stokes, English      former footballer (d. 1995)
  • 1952 – Doug Falconer, Canadian      football player
  • 1955 – Curtis Strange, American      golfer
  • 1955 – Judith Tarr, American      author
  • 1956 – Jeremy Gittins, English      actor
  • 1956 – Keiichi Tsuchiya, Japanese      racing driver
  • 1957 – Payne Stewart, American      golfer (d. 1999)
  • 1958 – Brett Butler, American      actress and comedian
  • 1959 – Mark Eitzel, American singer      and musician (American Music Club)
  • 1959 – Jody Watley, American      singer
  • 1961 – Dexter Scott King,      American actor and son of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King
  • 1962 – King Abdullah II ofJordan
  • 1962 – Mary Kay Letourneau,      American convicted statutory rapist
  • 1965 – Julie McCullough, American      model and actress
  • 1966 -Danielle Goyette,Quebec     female ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Trevor Dunn, American      musician (Mr. Bungle, Fantômas, Secret Chiefs 3)
  • 1968 – Prince Felipe ofSpain
  • 1969 – Carolyn Kepcher, American      businesswoman and reality TV show star
  • 1971 – Darren Boyd, British actor
  • 1971 – Kimo von Oelhoffen,      American football player
  • 1972 – Lupillo Rivera, Mexican      singer
  • 1972 – Chris Simon, Canadian ice      hockey player
  • 1973 – Jalen Rose, American      basketball player
  • 1974 – Christian Bale, Welsh      actor
  • 1974 – Olivia Colman, English      actress
  • 1974 – Jemima Khan, British      socialite
  • 1975 – Juninho Pernambucano,      Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Yumi Yoshimura, Japanese      singer (Puffy Amiyumi)
  • 1976 – Andy Milonakis, American      comedian
  • 1977 – Deltha O’Neal, American      football player
  • 1978 – John Patterson, American      baseball player
  • 1980 – Leilani Dowding, British      glamour model
  • 1980 – Wilmer Valderrama,      American actor
  • 1980 – Pavel Ponomaryov,      Russian-Estonian actor
  • 1981 – Dimitar Berbatov,      Bulgarian footballer
  • 1981 – Peter Crouch, English      footballer
  • 1981 – Josh Kelley, American      musician
  • 1981 – Mathias Lauda, Austrian      racing driver
  • 1982 – Jorge Cantu, Mexican      baseball player
  • 1984 – Jeremy Hermida, American      baseball player
  • 1984 – Josh Harris, American      Videographer/Musician
  • 1985 – Aaadietya Pandey, Indian      astrologer
  • 1986 – Sam Duckworth, British      singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Rebecca Knox, Irish      professional wrestler
  • 1988 – Rob Pinkston, American      actor
  • 1989 – Khleo Thomas, American      actor and rapper
  • 1990 – Jake Thomas, American      actor
  • 1991 – Matthew Werkmeister,      Australian actor
  • 2005 – Prince Hashem bin Al      Abdullah II, ofJordan

January 30 – Deaths:

  • 1030 – William V, Duke ofAquitaine(b. 969)
  • 1181 – Emperor Takakura ofJapan(b.      1161)
  • 1384 – Louis II ofFlanders(b. 1330)
  • 1574 – Damião de Góis, Portuguese      philosopher (b. 1502)
  • 1606 – Everard Digby, English      conspirator (b. 1578)
  • 1649 – King Charles I ofEngland     (executed) (b. 1600)
  • 1730 – Tsar Peter II ofRussia(b.      1715)
  • 1836 – Betsy Ross, American      seamstress (b. 1752)
  • 1858 – Coenraad Jacob Temminck,      Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)
  • 1867 – Emperor Komei ofJapan(b.      1831)
  • 1869 – William Carleton, Irish      novelist (b. 1794)
  • 1889 – Crown Prince Rudolph ofAustria     (b. 1858)
  • 1926 – Barbara La Marr, American      actress (b. 1896)
  • 1928 – Johannes Andreas Grib      Fibiger, Danish scientist, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1929 – La Goulue, French Cancan      dancer (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – Frank Nelson Doubleday,      American publisher (b. 1862)
  • 1948 – Mohandas Karamchand      Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi, Indian freedom fighter (b. 1869)
  • 1948 – Orville Wright, American      aviation pioneer (b. 1871)
  • 1951 – Ferdinand Porsche,      Austrian automotive engineer (b. 1875)
  • 1958 – Jean Crotti, Swiss artist      (b. 1878)
  • 1958 – Ernst Heinkel, German      aviation engineer (b. 1888)
  • 1962 – Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian      physician (b. 1894)
  • 1963 – Francis Poulenc, French      composer (b. 1899)
  • 1969 – Georges Pire, Belgian      monk, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Professor Longhair,      American musician (b. 1918)
  • 1982 – Lightnin’ Hopkins,      American musician (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – John Bardeen, American      physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – John McIntire, American      actor (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Pierre Boulle, French      author (b. 1912)
  • 1995 – Gerald Durrell, British      naturalist, zookeeper, author, and television presenter (b. 1925)
  • 1998 – Richard Cassilly, American      tenor (b. 1927)
  • 1999 – Huntz Hall, American actor      (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – Ed Herlihy, American      broadcaster (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – Jean-Pierre Aumont, French      actor (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Johnnie Johnson, British      fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Joseph Ransohoff, the      father of modern neurosurgery (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Martyn Bennet, Canadian      musician (b. 1971)
  • 2005 – Wes Wehmiller, American      musician (b. 1971)
  • 2006 – Coretta Scott King,      American activist and wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Nikos Kourkoulos, Greek      actor, artistic director of the Greek National Theater (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Sidney Sheldon, American      author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2008 – Jeremy Beadle, British      Television Host, (b. 1948)
  • 2008 – Roland Selmeczi, Hungarian      actor (b. 1969)

January 30 – Holidays:

  • St. Mutien-Marie Wiaux
  • St. Hippolytus
  • St. Hyacintha Mariscotti
  • St. Aldegonde
  • St. Bathild
  • St. Martina, Virgin and Martyr
  • St. Savina, martyred under      Emperor Diocletian
  • St. Anthony the Great’s feast in      the Coptic Church
  • King Charles the      Martyr (Anglicanism)
  • Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic      Church: Feast of the Three Holy Hierarchs

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On This Day in History January 29

January 29 – Events:

  • 904 – Sergius III comes out of      retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.
  • 1595 – William Shakespeare’s play      Romeo and Juliet is probably first performed.
  • 1676 – Feodor III becomes Tsar of      Russia.
  • 1802 – John      Beckley ofVirginia     appointed first Librarian of Congress.
  • 1814 -France     defeatsRussiaandPrussia     in the Battle of Brienne.
  • 1834 -USPresident Andrew Jackson      orders first use of federal soldiers to suppress a labor dispute.
  • 1845 – “The Raven” by      Edgar Allan Poe is published in the New York Evening Mirror.
  • 1850 – Henry Clay introduces the      Compromise of 1850 to the U.S. Congress.
  • 1856 – Queen Victoria institutes      the Victoria Cross.
  • 1861 -Kansas     admitted as the 34thU.S.     state.
  • 1863 -Bear       RiverMassacre.
  • 1886 – Karl Benz patents the      first successful gasoline-driven automobile.
  • 1891 – Liliuokalani is proclaimed      Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch.
  • 1900 – The American League is      organized inPhiladelphia,      Pennsylvaniawith 8 founding      teams.
  • 1908 – Alpha Phi      Alpha Fraternity, atCornell     University,      incorporates.
  • 1916 – World War I:Parisis first bombed      by German zeppelins.
  • 1919 – Secretary      of state proclaims the 18th amendment (prohibition).
  • 1920 – Walt      Disney starts first job as an artist; $40 week with KC Slide Co.
  • 1921 – Hurricane      hitsWashington&Oregon.
  • 1922 – Union ofCosta Rica,Guatemala, Honduras & El      Salvador dissolved.
  • 1924 – Ice cream      cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor,Cleveland.
  • 1929 – Seeing      Eye Guide Dog Organization forms.
  • 1936 – First      players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame-Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner,      Christy Mathewson & Walter Johnson.
  • 1940 – Three gasoline multiple      units carrying factory workers crash and explode while approaching      Ajikawaguchi station, Yumesaki Line (Nishinari Line), Osaka, Japan,      killing at least 181 people and injuring at least 92.
  • 1943 – The first day of the      Battle of Rennell Island, U.S. cruiser Chicago is torpedoed and heavily      damaged by Japanese bombers.
  • 1944 – USS Missouri the last      battleship commissioned by the US Navy is launched.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle      of Cisterna takes place in centralItaly.
  • 1944 – World War II: About 38      men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre inPoland.
  • 1944 – InBologna,Italy,      the Anatomical Theatre of the Archiginnasio is destroyed in an air-raid      bombing.
  • 1951 – Liz      Taylor’s first divorce (Conrad Hilton, Jr.)
  • 1959 – Sleeping Beauty, an      animated feature produced by Walt Disney based upon a fairy tale, is      released.
  • 1963 – First inductees into the      Pro Football Hall of Fame are announced: Jim Thorpe, Red Grange, and      George Halas.
  • 1966 – The first of 608      performances of Sweet Charity opens at the Palace Theatre, New York.
  • 1978 -Swedenoutlaws aerosol sprays      due to their harmful effect on the ozone layer, becoming the first nation      to enact such a ban.
  • 1979 – Emerson,      Lake & Palmer disband after 10 years together.
  • 1979 – President      Carter commuted Patricia Hearst’s 7 year sentence to 2 years.
  • 1979 – Brenda Ann Spencer opens      fire at theClevelandElementary Schoolplayground inSan Diego,California,      killing two adults and wounding eight children and one police officer.
  • 1989 -Hungary     establishes diplomatic relations withSouth Korea, making them the      first Eastern Bloc nation to do so.
  • 1996 – President Jacques Chirac      announces a “definitive end” to French nuclear testing.
  • 1996 – La Fenice,Venice’s opera house,      is destroyed by fire.
  • 1998 – InBirmingham,Alabama,      a bomb explodes at an abortion clinic, killing one and severely wounding      another. Serial bomber Eric Robert Rudolph is suspected as the culprit.
  • 2001 – Thousands of student      protesters inIndonesia     storm parliament and demand that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign due to      alleged involvement in corruption scandals.
  • 2005 – The first direct      commercial flights from the mainlandChina     (fromGuangzhou) toTaiwansince 1949 arrived inTaipei. Shortly      afterwards, a China Airlines carrier landed inBeijing.

January 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1584 – Frederick Henry, Prince of     Orange(d.      1647)
  • 1632 – Johann Georg Graevius,      German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)
  • 1688 – Emanuel Swedenborg,      Swedish scientist and philosopher (d. 1772)
  • 1711 – Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian      composer (d. 1788)
  • 1715 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil,      Austrian composer (d. 1777)
  • 1717 – Jeffrey Amherst, British      military leader (d. 1797)
  • 1718 – Paul Rabaut, French      Huguenot pastor (d. 1794)
  • 1737 – Thomas Paine, English-born      American patriot (d. 1809)
  • 1749 – King Christian VII ofDenmark     (d. 1808)
  • 1754 – Moses Cleaveland, founder      of the city ofCleveland     (d. 1806)
  • 1756 – Henry Lee III, American      General
  • 1761 – Albert Gallatin,      Swiss-AmericanUnited        StatesSecretary of the Treasury
  • 1782 – Daniel Auber, French      composer (d. 1871)
  • 1801 – Horatia Nelson, the      illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (d. 1881)
  • 1810 – Ernst Kummer, German      mathematician (d. 1893)
  • 1843 – William McKinley, 25th      President of theUnited        States(d. 1901)
  • 1846 – Karol Olszewski, Polish      scientist (d. 1915)
  • 1860 – Anton Chekhov, Russian      writer (d. 1904)
  • 1862 – Frederick Delius, English      composer (d. 1934)
  • 1866 – Romain Rolland, French      writer, Nobel Laureate (d. 1944)
  • 1867 – Vicente Blasco Ibáñez,      Spanish writer (d. 1928)
  • 1874 – John D. Rockefeller Jr.,      American entrepreneur (d. 1960)
  • 1876 – Havergal Brian, British      composer (d. 1972)
  • 1877 – Georges Catroux, French      general (d. 1969)
  • 1880 – W.C. Fields, American      actor (d. 1946)
  • 1891 – Elizaveta Gerdt, Russian      ballerina (d. 1975)
  • 1891 – R. Norris Williams,      American tennis player, also a survivor of the RMS Titanic Disaster d.      1968)
  • 1895 – Muna Lee, American poet      (d. 1965)
  • 1901 – Allen B. DuMont, American      scientist and inventor (d. 1965)
  • 1905 – Barnett Newman, American      painter (d. 1970)
  • 1910 – Colin Middleton, Irish      artist (d. 1983)
  • 1911 – Peter von Siemens, German      industrialist (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Victor Mature, American      actor (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Daniel Taradash, American      screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Peter von Zahn, German      journalist and writer (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – John Serry, Sr., American      musician, composer, arranger (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – John Forsythe, American      actor
  • 1920 – José Luis de Villalonga,      Spanish aristocrat, author, and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Anthony George, American      actor (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi      concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)
  • 1923 – Paddy Chayefsky, American      writer (d. 1981)
  • 1923 – Ivo Robic, Croatian singer      and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Luigi Nono, Italian      composer (d. 1990)
  • 1924 -Marcelle Ferron,Quebec     painter and stained glass artist (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Peter Voulkos, American      artist (d. 2002)
  • 1926 – Franco Cerri, Italian      musician
  • 1926 – Abdus Salam, Pakistani      physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Edward Abbey, American      author and environmentalist (d. 1989)
  • 1928 – Lee Shau Kee,Hong Kongproperty developer
  • 1929 – Gordon Solie, American      professional wrestling announcer (d. 2000)
  • 1930 – Derek Bailey, English      guitar virtuoso (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – John Junkin, English      radio, television and film performer and scriptwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Tommy Taylor, English      footballer (d. 1958)
  • 1932 – George Allen, English      footballer
  • 1933 – Sacha Distel, French      singer and guitarist (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Ron Townson, American      singer (The 5th Dimension) (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – James Jamerson, American      bass guitarist for Motown Records (d. 1983)
  • 1939 – Germaine Greer, Australian      writer
  • 1940 – Katharine Ross, American      actress
  • 1940 – Kunimitsu Takahashi,      Japanese motorcycle racer and racing driver
  • 1942 – Claudine Longet, French      singer, dancer and convicted murderer
  • 1944 – Yoweri Museveni, President      ofUganda
  • 1945 – Jim Nicholson, Irish      politician
  • 1945 – Tom Selleck, American      actor
  • 1947 – Linda B. Buck, American      scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1947 – David Byron, English      singer (Uriah Heep) (d. 1985)
  • 1947 – Marián Varga, Slovak      musician
  • 1948 – Cristina Saralegui,      American talk-show host
  • 1948 – Marc Singer, Canadian-born      actor
  • 1948 – Pat Kenny, Irish TV      presenter & radio host
  • 1950 – Ann Jillian, American      actress
  • 1950 – Jody Scheckter, South      African race car driver and one-time F1 world champion
  • 1951 – Andy Roberts, West Indian      cricketer
  • 1952 – Tommy Ramone,      Hungarian-born musician and record producer (The Ramones)
  • 1953 -Paulin Bordeleau,Quebec     ice hockey player
  • 1953 – Hwang Woo-Suk, South      Korean biomedical scientist
  • 1953 – Teresa Teng, Taiwanese      singer (d. 1995)
  • 1953 – Lynne McGranger,      Australian actress
  • 1954 – Richard “Handsome      Dick”Manitoba,      American singer (The Dictators and MC5)
  • 1954 – Terry Kinney, American      actor
  • 1954 – Oprah Winfrey, American      producer, actress, talk show host, and publisher
  • 1954 – Doug Risebrough, Canadian      ice hockey player, coach and executive
  • 1955 – Lynne McGranger,      Australian actress
  • 1957 – Grazyna Miller, Italian      poet, translator, and journalist
  • 1960 – Matthew Ashford, American      actor
  • 1960 – Gia Carangi, American      model (d. 1986)
  • 1960 – Sean Kerly, English field      hockey player
  • 1960 – Greg Louganis, American      diver
  • 1960 – Steve Sax, American      baseball player
  • 1960 – J. G. Thirlwell,      Australian-born musician
  • 1962 – Nicholas Turturro,      American actor
  • 1963 – Bob Holly, American      professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Andre Reed, American      football player
  • 1964 – John Habyan, American      baseball player
  • 1964 – Roddy Frame, lead singer      of Scottish New Wave band Aztec Camera
  • 1964 – Anna Ryder Richardson,      British interior designer and television presenter.
  • 1965 – Dominik Hašek, Czech ice      hockey player
  • 1965 – Peter Lundgren, Swedish      tennis coach
  • 1966 – Romário, Brazilian      footballer
  • 1967 – Cyril Suk, Czech tennis      player
  • 1967 – Stacey King, American      basketball player
  • 1968 – Edward Burns, American      actor
  • 1968 – Susi Erdmann, German      bobsledder and luger
  • 1968 – Sora Jung, Korean actress
  • 1969 – Thomas Jane, American      actor
  • 1969 – Hyde, Japanese singer1970      – Heather Graham, American actress
  • 1970 – Rajyavardhan Singh      Rathore, Indian shooter
  • 1970 – Jörg Hoffmann, German      swimmer
  • 1973 – Jason Schmidt, American      baseball player
  • 1975 – Sara Gilbert, American      actress
  • 1976 – Charles Divins, American      model-turned-actor
  • 1977 – Justin Hartley, American      actor
  • 1978 – Martin Schmitt, German ski      jumper
  • 1978 – Rob Bironas, American      football player
  • 1979 – April Scott, American      actress and model
  • 1979 – Joseph Todd, Arena      Football League player
  • 1979 – Sui Feifei, Chinese      basketball player
  • 1980 – Yael Bar-Zohar, Israeli      actress and model
  • 1980 – Ivan Klasnic, Croatian      football player
  • 1981 – Jonny Lang, American      musician
  • 1981 – Álex Ubago, Spanish      musician
  • 1982 – Heidi Mueller, American      actress
  • 1983 – Nedžad Sinanovic, Bosnian      basketball player
  • 1985 – Athina Onassis, French      heiress
  • 1985 – Marc Gasol, Spanish      basketball player
  • 1986 – Drew Tyler Bell, American      actor
  • 1986 – Mark Howard, English      football player
  • 1986 – Simon Vukcevic,      Montenegrin football player
  • 1987 – Spencer Clark, American      race car driver (d. 2006)
  • 1987 – Matthew Wilson, English      world rally driver
  • 1988 – Stephanie Gilmore,      Australian professional surfer
  • 1993 – Michelle Larcher De Brito,      Portuguese tennis player.
  • 1996 – Megan Jossa, English      actress

January 29 – Deaths:

  • 1119 – Pope Gelasius II
  • 1342 – Louis I, Duke of Bourbon      (b. 1279)
  • 1597 – Elias Ammerbach, German      organist (b. 1530)
  • 1608 – Frederick I, Duke of      Württemberg (b. 1557)
  • 1647 – Francis Meres, English      writer (b. 1565)
  • 1676 – Tsar Alexis I ofRussia     (b. 1629)
  • 1678 – Jeronimo Lobo, Portuguese      Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
  • 1696 – Ivan V, Russian tsar (b.      1666)
  • 1706 – Charles Sackville, 6th      Earl of Dorset, English poet and courtier (b. 1638)
  • 1737 – George Hamilton, 1st Earl      of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)
  • 1743 – André-Hercule de Fleury,      chief minister under Louis XV ofFrance(b. 1653)
  • 1763 – Louis Racine, French poet      (b. 1692)
  • 1820 – King George III of theUnited Kingdom     (b. 1738)
  • 1829 – Paul François Jean Nicolas      Barras, French politician (b. 1755)
  • 1870 – Leopold II, Grand Duke ofTuscany(b. 1797)
  • 1871 – Philippe-Joseph Aubert de      Gaspé, French Canadian writer and Seigneur (b. 1786)
  • 1899 – Alfred Sisley, British      impressionist painter (b. 1839)
  • 1901 -Milan     I, King ofSerbia     (b. 1855)
  • 1906 – King Christian IX ofDenmark     (b. 1818)
  • 1918 – Aleksei Maksimovich      Kaledin, Russian counter revolutionary (b. 1861)
  • 1928 – Douglas Haig, British      soldier (b. 1861)
  • 1933 – Sara Teasdale, American      poet (b. 1884)
  • 1934 – Fritz Haber, German      chemist, Nobel Laureate (b. 1868)
  • 1941 – Ioannis Metaxas, Greek      general and dictator (b. 1871)
  • 1946 – Harry Hopkins, 8th United      States Secretary of Commerce (b. 1890)
  • 1948 – Tomislav II ofCroatia,      4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)
  • 1950 – Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah,      Emir ofKuwait     (b. 1885)
  • 1951 – Frank Tarrant, Australian      cricketer (b. 1880)
  • 1956 – H. L. Mencken, American      journalist (b. 1880)
  • 1962 – Fritz Kreisler, Austrian      violinist (b. 1875)
  • 1963 – Robert Frost, American      poet (b. 1874)
  • 1964 – Alan Ladd, American actor      (b. 1913)
  • 1966 – Pierre Mercure, French      Canadian composer (b. 1927)
  • 1969 – Allen Dulles, American CIA      director (b. 1893)
  • 1970 – Basil Liddell Hart,      British historian (b. 1895)
  • 1977 – Buster Nupen, South      African cricketer (b. 1902)
  • 1977 – Freddie Prinze, American      actor and comedian (b. 1954)
  • 1980 – Jimmy Durante, American      actor and comedian (b. 1893)
  • 1986 – Leif Erickson, American      actor (b. 1911)
  • 1989 – Halina Konopacka, Polish      athlete (b. 1900)
  • 1991 – Yasushi Inoue, Japanese      historian (b. 1907)
  • 1992 – Willie Dixon, American      composer and musician (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Ulrike Maier, Austrian      alpine skier (b. 1967)
  • 1998 – Joseph Alioto, mayor ofSan Francisco(b.      1916)
  • 1999 – Lili St. Cyr, American      dancer (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – Dick “Night      Train” Lane, American football player (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Harold Russell,      Canadian-born actor (b. 1914)
  • 2003 -Frank       Moss,United States     Senator fromUtah     (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – M. M. Kaye, British writer      (b. 1908)
  • 2004 -Janet Frame,New        Zealandwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Eric Griffiths, Welsh      guitarist (The Quarrymen) (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Ephraim Kishon, Israeli      satirst (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Barbaro, American      thoroughbred racehorse (b. 2003)
  • 2007 – Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim,      leader of the Iraqi cult Soldiers of Heaven (b. 1970)
  • 2008 – Raymond Jacobs, United      States Marine Corps F Company Radioman (Iwo Jima)      (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Philippe Khorsand, French      actor (b. 1948)

January 29 – Holidays:

  • Roman Catholic saints – Valerius      of Trèves, Saint Juniper
  • Gibraltar- Constitution      Day

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On This Day in History January 28

January 28 – Events:

  • 1077 – Walk toCanossa:      The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted.
  • 1521 – The Diet ofWormsbegins, lasting      until May 25.
  • 1547 – Henry VIII dies. His nine      year old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler ofEngland.
  • 1573 – Articles of Warsaw      Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion inPoland.
  • 1754 – Horace Walpole, in a      letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity.
  • 1624 – Sir Thomas Warner founds      the first British colony in theCaribbean,      on Saint Kitts.
  • 1724 – TheRussian    Academyof Sciences was founded      inSt. Petersburg     by Peter the
  • Great, and implemented in the      Senate decree. It was called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until      1917.
  • 1760 -Pownal,Vermont     created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants.
  • 1807 -London’sPall Mall     isfirst street     lit by gaslight.
  • 1813 – Pride and Prejudice is      first published in theUnited        Kingdom.
  • 1820 – Russian expedition led by      Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev      discovered the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.
  • 1846 – Battle ofAliwal,Indiawon by British troops      commanded by Sir Harry Smith.
  • 1848 – King ofNaplesgrants his      subjects a constitution.
  • 1851 – Northwestern      University (Chicago) chartered.
  • 1855 – The first locomotive runs      from the Atlantic Ocean to thePacific Ocean     on the Panama Railway.
  • 1860 -Britainformally returns Mosquito Coast toNicaragua.
  • 1871 – Franco-Prussian War: Siege      of Paris ends in French defeat and an armistice.
  • 1878 – Yale Daily News becomes      the first daily, college newspaper in theUnited States.
  • 1887 – In a snowstorm atFort Keogh,Montana,      the world’s largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide      and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.
  • 1902 – The Carnegie Institution      is founded inWashington,      DCwith a $10 million gift      from Andrew Carnegie.
  • 1909 -United       Statestroops leaveCubawith the exception of      Guantanamo Bay Naval Base after being there since the Spanish-American      War.
  • 1915 – An act of the U.S.      Congress creates the United States Coast Guard.
  • 1916 – Louis D. Brandeis becomes      the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1917 – Municipally owned      streetcars take to the streets ofSan        Francisco,California.
  • 1918 – Finnish Civil War: Rebels      seized control of the capital,Helsinki,      and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • 1921 – A symbolic Tomb of the      Unknown Soldier is installed beneath the Arc de Triomphe inParisto honor the      unknown dead ofWorldWarI.
  • 1922 – American      Pro Football Association renamed “National Football League.”
  • 1922 – Knickerbocker Storm,WashingtonD.C.’s      biggest snowfall, causes the city’s greatest loss of life when the roof of      the Knickerbocker Theater collapses.
  • 1928 – Christopher      Hornsrud chosen PM ofNorway     at age 101.
  • 1932 – Japanese forces attackShanghai.
  • 1933 – The namePakistanis coined by Choudhary Rehmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.
  • 1934 – The first ski tow in theUnited Statesbegins operation inVermont.
  • 1935 -Icelandbecomes the first      Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion.
  • 1938 – TheWorldLand     Speed Record on a public road is broken by driver Rudolf Caracciola in the      Mercedes-Benz W195.
  • 1945 – World War II: Supplies      begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopenedBurma Road.
  • 1953 – Derek Bentley hanged for a      murder carried out by Christopher Craig.
  • 1958 – Charles Starkweather and      Caril Ann Fugate begin their murder spree with the killings of her parents      and infant sister.
  • 1958 – The Lego company patented      their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
  • 1958 –      Construction began on first private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor.
  • 1959 -Soviet Unionwins 62-37 for first international      basketball loss by US.
  • 1960 – NFL      announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises.
  • 1961 -RepublicofRwandaproclaimed.
  • 1962 – Johanne      Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times inRhodesia& survives.
  • 1973 –      “Barnaby Jones” premiers on CBS TV.
  • 1978 – “FantasyIsland” starring Ricardo      Montalban premiers on ABC TV.
  • 1980 – USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391)      collides with the tanker Capricorn while leavingTampaFlorida     and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.
  • 1981 – Ronald Reagan lifts      remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls in theUnited States     helping to end the 1979 energy crisis and begin the 1980s oil glut.
  • 1981 – William      J. Casey becomes director of the CIA.
  • 1981 – Olympic      Glory tanker atGalveston Bay,      Texas, spills 1 million      gallons of oil in a ship collision.
  • 1982 -USArmy general James L.      Dozier is rescued by Italian anti-terrorism forces from captivity under      the Red Brigades.
  • 1984 – Los      Angeles Kings stop Wayne Gretsky 51 game scoring streak.
  • 1984 – Mr. Glynn      Wolfe marries for non-bigamous record 26th time,Las Vegas.
  • 1984 – Record      295,000 dominoes toppled,Fuerth,      West Germany
  • 1986 – Space Shuttle program:      STS-51-L mission (Space Shuttle Challenger disaster) – Space Shuttle      Challenger breaks apart after liftoff killing all seven astronauts      onboard.
  • 1990 – Defending      champion Ivan Lendl beats Stefan Edberg for Australian Open.
  • 1990 – East      German agreement to form all-party government.
  • 1994 – The first trial of accused      murderer Lyle Menendez ends in a mistrial. He and his brother Erik are      later found guilty and sentenced to life in prison without parole.
  • 1998 – Gunmen hold at least 400      children and teachers hostage for several hours at an elementary school in     Manila,Philippines.
  • 2002 – TAME Flight 120, a Boeing      727-100 crashes in the Andes mountains in southernColombiakilling 92.
  • 2004 – Lord Hutton publishes his      report into the death of U.N. weapons inspector Dr. David Kelly.

January 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1225 – Saint Thomas Aquinas (d.      1274)
  • 1312 – Queen Joan II ofNavarre     (d. 1349)
  • 1457 – King Henry VII ofEngland     (d. 1509)
  • 1540 – Ludolph van Ceulen, German      mathematician (d. 1610)
  • 1582 – John Barclay, Scottish      writer (d. 1621)
  • 1600 – Pope Clement IX (d. 1669)
  • 1608 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli,      Italian physiologist and physicist (d. 1679)
  • 1611 – Johannes Hevelius,      astronomer (d. 1687)
  • 1622 – Adrien Auzout, French      astronomer (d. 1691)
  • 1701 – Charles Marie de La      Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
  • 1706 – John Baskerville, English      printer (d. 1775)
  • 1712 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese      shogun (d. 1761)
  • 1717 – Mustafa III, Ottoman      Sultan (d. 1774)
  • 1719 – Johann Elias Schlegel,      German critic and poet (d. 1749)
  • 1755 – Samuel Thomas von      Sömmering, German physician (d. 1830)
  • 1784 – George Hamilton GordonAberdeen, Prime Minister of theUnited Kingdom(d. 1860)
  • 1818 – George S. Boutwell, 20th      Governor ofMassachusetts     (d. 1905)
  • 1822 – Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd      Prime Minister ofCanada     (d. 1892)
  • 1833 – Charles George ‘Chinese’      Gordon, British soldier and administrator (d. 1885)
  • 1841 – Henry Morton Stanley,      Welsh-born explorer and journalist (d. 1904)
  • 1853 – José Martí, Cuban      revolutionary (d. 1895)
  • 1855 – William Seward Burroughs      I, American inventor (d. 1898)
  • 1863 – Ernst William Christmas,      Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • 1864 – Charles W. Nash,      co-founder of Nash Motors, which would become American Motors as well as      co-founder of Buick (d. 1948)
  • 1864 – Herbert Akroyd Stuart,      English engineer – inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d.      1927)
  • 1865 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian      freedom fighter (d. 1928)
  • 1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg,      first president ofFinland     (d. 1952)
  • 1873 – Colette, French writer (d.      1954)
  • 1874 – Vsevolod Meyerhold,      Russian theatre director (d. 1940)
  • 1879 – Francis Picabia,      French-born painter and poet (d. 1953)
  • 1880 – Herbert Strudwick, English      cricketer (d. 1970)
  • 1884 – Auguste Piccard, Swiss      physicist (d. 1962)
  • 1886 – Marthe Bibesco, Romanian      writer (d. 1973)
  • 1887 – Arthur Rubinstein, Polish      pianist and conductor (d. 1982)
  • 1890 – Robert Stroud, American      convict, the Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)
  • 1891 – Bill Doak, American      baseball player (d. 1954)
  • 1892 – Ernst Lubitsch,      German-born film director (d. 1947)
  • 1897 – Valentin Kataev, Russian      writer (d. 1986)
  • 1899 – Elias Simojoki, Finnish      clergyman and politician (d. 1940)
  • 1903 – Aleksander Kaminski,      Polish writer (d. 1978)
  • 1908 – Paul Misraki, French      composer and songwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – John Thomson, Scottish      footballer (d. 1931)
  • 1910 – John Banner, Austrian      actor (d. 1973)
  • 1910 – Arnold Moss, American      actor (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Verda Bryant, American      author
  • 1912 – Jackson Pollock, American      painter (d. 1956)
  • 1918 – Harry Corbett, English      puppeteer (Sooty) (d. 1989)
  • 1918 – Trevor Skeet, New      Zealand-born British politician (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Francis Gabreski, American      fighter pilot (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Robert W. Holley, American      biochemist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – Ronnie Scott, British jazz      tenor saxophonist and jazz club owner (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Hiroshi Teshigahara,      Japanese director (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – Acker Bilk, English jazz      clarinetist
  • 1929 – Claes Oldenburg,      Swedish-born artist
  • 1933 – Jack Hill, American film      director
  • 1934 – Juan Manuel Bordeu,      Argentine racing driver (d. 1990)
  • 1934 – Mitr Chaibancha, Thai      actor (d. 1970)
  • 1935 – David Lodge, English      author
  • 1936 – Ismail Kadare, Albanian      writer
  • 1936 – Alan Alda, American actor,      writer, and director
  • 1938 – Leonid Zhabotynsky,      Ukrainian weightlifter
  • 1940 – Carlos Slim Helú, Mexican      businessman
  • 1941 – Joel Crothers, American      actor (d. 1985)
  • 1943 – Paul Henderson, Canadian      ice hockey player
  • 1943 – Dick Taylor, English      musician (The Rolling Stones and The Pretty Things)
  • 1944 – Susan Howard, American      actress
  • 1944 – John Tavener, English      composer
  • 1945 – Robert Wyatt, English      musician
  • 1948 – Mikhail Baryshnikov,      Russian dancer
  • 1948 – Charles Taylor, President      ofLiberia
  • 1949 – Gregg Popovich, NBA Basketball      Coach
  • 1950 – Barbi Benton, American      actress
  • 1950 – Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah,      King of Bahrain
  • 1951 – Brian Bilbray, American      politician
  • 1951 – Leonid Kadeniuk, Ukrainian      cosmonaut
  • 1953 – Colin Campbell, Canadian      ice hockey player and executive
  • 1953 – Chris Carter, English      musician (Throbbing Gristle, Chris & Cosey)
  • 1954 – Rick Warren, American      pastor and author
  • 1955 – Nicolas Sarkozy, President      ofFrance
  • 1957 – Frank Skinner English      comedian
  • 1957 – Mark Napier, Canadian ice      hockey player
  • 1959 – Frank Darabont, American      filmmaker
  • 1959 – Burkhard Dallwitz,      German-born composer
  • 1959 – Randi Rhodes, AirAmerica     radio personality
  • 1959 – Dave Sharp, Welsh      guitarist (The Alarm)
  • 1960 – Robert von Dassanowsky,      American cultural historian, writer, and producer
  • 1961 – Normand Rochefort,      Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Keith Hamilton Cobb,      American actor
  • 1962 – Sam Phillips, American      singer
  • 1963 – Dan Spitz, American      musician, guitarist for Anthrax
  • 1965 – Lynda Boyd, American      actress
  • 1968 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian      singer and songwriter
  • 1968 – DJ Muggs, American      musician (Cypress Hill)
  • 1968 – Rakim, born William      Michael Griffin Jr., American rapper
  • 1969 – Kathryn Morris, American      actress
  • 1969 – Mo Rocca, American writer      and comedian
  • 1969 – Linda Sanchez, American      politician
  • 1971 – Anthony Hamilton, American      soul singer
  • 1972 – Nicky Southall, English      footballer
  • 1974 – Tony Delk, American      basketball player
  • 1974 – Jermaine Dye, American      baseball player
  • 1974 – Magglio Ordóñez,      Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1975 – David Zingler, American      writer
  • 1975 – Anne Montminy, Canadian      Olympic diver
  • 1975 – Lee Latchford-Evans,      English singer
  • 1975 – Junior Spivey, American      baseball player
  • 1975 – Terri Colombino, American      Actress
  • 1976 – Mark Madsen, American      basketball player
  • 1976 – Jarrod Montague, American      drummer (Taproot)
  • 1976 – Lee Ingleby, British actor
  • 1976 – Miltiadis Sapanis, Greek      footballer
  • 1976 – Emiko Kado, Japanese      professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1977 – Daunte Culpepper, American      football player
  • 1977 – Joey Fatone, American      singer (*NSYNC)
  • 1977 – Matt DeVries, American      guitarist (Chimaira)
  • 1977 – Takuma Sato, Japanese      Formula One driver
  • 1977 -LyleOverbay,      American baseball player
  • 1978 – Gianluigi Buffon, Italian      footballer
  • 1978 – Jamie Carragher, English      footballer
  • 1978 – Papa Bouba Diop,      Senegalese footballer
  • 1979 – Pixie, English model
  • 1979 – Ali Boulala, Swedish      skateboarder
  • 1980 – Nick Carter, American      singer (Backstreet Boys)
  • 1980 – Jesse James Hollywood,      American drug dealer and fugitive
  • 1981 – Rick Razzano, American      football player
  • 1981 – Elijah Wood, American      actor
  • 1984 – Andre Iguodala, American      basketball player
  • 1985 – Arnold Mvuemba, French      footballer
  • 1986 – Jessica Ennis, English      heptathlete
  • 1986 – Shruti Haasan, Indian      actress
  • 1987 – Sophia Larkin, English      artist
  • 1988 – Henry Mortensen (actor),      American actor

January 28 – Deaths:

  • 814 – Charlemagne (b. 742)
  • 1061 – Duke Spytihnev II ofBohemia(b. 1031)
  • 1271 – Isabella of Aragon, queen      of Philip III ofFrance     (b. 1247)
  • 1443 – Robert le Maçon,      Chancellor of France
  • 1547 – King Henry VIII ofEngland     (b. 1491)
  • 1596 – Sir Francis Drake, English      explorer and soldier
  • 1599 – Cristofano Malvezzi,      Italian composer (b. 1547)
  • 1613 – Thomas Bodley, English      diplomat and library founder (b. 1545)
  • 1621 – Pope Paul V (b. 1550)
  • 1681 – Richard Allestree, English      royalist churchman (b. 1619)
  • 1672 – Pierre Séguier, Chancellor      ofFrance     (b. 1588)
  • 1687 – Johannes Hevelius, Polish      astronomer (b. 1611)
  • 1697 – John Fenwick, English      conspirator
  • 1725 – Tsar Peter I ofRussia,      (b. 1672)
  • 1754 – Ludvig Holberg, Norwegian      historian and writer (b. 1684)
  • 1832 – Augustin Daniel Belliard,      French general (b. 1769)
  • 1859 – Frederick John Robinson,      1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of theUnited Kingdom(b. 1782)
  • 1864 – Émile Clapeyron, French      engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
  • 1903 – Augusta Holmès, French      composer (b. 1847)
  • 1912 – Gustave de Molinari,      Belgian economist (b. 1819)
  • 1915 – Nikolay Umov, Russian      physicist (b. 1846)
  • 1918 – John McCrae, Canadian poet      (b. 1872)
  • 1935 – Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov,      Russian composer (b. 1859)
  • 1937 – Anastasios Metaxas, Greek      architect and shooter (b. 1862)
  • 1938 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German      racecar driver (b. 1909)
  • 1939 – William Butler Yeats,      Irish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1947 – Reynaldo Hahn, French      composer (b. 1875)
  • 1949 – Jean-Pierre Wimille,      French race car driver (b. 1908)
  • 1950 – Nikolai Luzin, Russian      mathematician (b. 1883)
  • 1951 – Carl Gustaf Emil      Mannerheim, president ofFinland     (b.1867)
  • 1953 – James Scullin, 9th Prime      Minister ofAustralia     (b. 1876)
  • 1953 – Derek Bentley (b. 1933)      (executed)
  • 1960 – Zora Neale Hurston,      American author (b. 1891)
  • 1963 – Gustave Garrigou, French      cyclist (b. 1884)
  • 1965 – Tich Freeman, English      cricketer (b. 1888)
  • 1965 – Maxime Weygand, French      soldier (b. 1867)
  • 1971 – Donald Winnicott, British      psychoanalyst (b. 1896)
  • 1973 – John Banner, Austrian      actor (b. 1910)
  • 1983 – Billy Fury, British singer      (b. 1940)
  • 1983 – Frank Forde, 15th Prime      Minister ofAustralia     (b. 1890)
  • 1986 – Crew of Space Shuttle      Challenger:
    • Greg Jarvis (b.       1944)
    • Christa       McAuliffe (b. 1948)
    • Ronald McNair       (b. 1950)
    • Ellison Onizuka       (b. 1946)
    • Judith Resnik       (b. 1949)
    • Francis R.       Scobee (b. 1939)
    • Michael J. Smith       (b. 1945)
  • 1988 – Klaus Fuchs, German      physicist (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – Red Grange, American      football player (b. 1903)
  • 1994 – Hal Smith, American actor      (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Joseph Brodsky,      Russian-born poet, Nobel Laureate (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Jerry Siegel, American      cartoonist (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Burne Hogarth, American      cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Markey Robinson, Irish      painter (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Torgny T:son Segerstedt,      Swedish sociologist and philosopher (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Curt Blefary, American      baseball player (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish      author (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy      officer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Don Cholito, Puerto Rican      radio host (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Elroy Hirsch, American      football player (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Don Stansauk, American      professional wrestler (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Joe Viterelli, American      actor (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Jim Capaldi, English      singer and songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Karen Lancaume, French      actress (suicide) (b. 1973)
  • 2005 – Jacques Villeret, French      actor (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Yitzchak Kaduri, rabbi (b.      around 1900)
  • 2006 – Henry McGee, English      comedian (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss      professional road racing cyclist (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Father Robert Drinan,      Roman Catholic Priest and American politician (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Karel Svoboda, Czech      composer of popular music (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Hsu Wei Lun, Taiwanese      actress (b. 1978)
  • 2007 – Yelena Romanova, Russian      athlete (b. 1963)
  • 2007 – Emma Tillman, the world’s      oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)
  • 2008 – Christodoulos, Archbishop      ofAthensand AllGreece(b. 1939)
  • 2008 – Bengt Lindström, Swedish      artist (b. 1925)

January 28 – Holidays:

  • Catholicism – Feast day of St.      Thomas Aquinas
  • World Leprosy Day

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On This Day in History January 27

January 27 – Events:

  • 98 – Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.
  • 1142 – Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.
  • 1186 – Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, weds Constance of Sicily.
  • 1343 – Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus.
  • 1593 – Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno.
  • 1606 – Gunpowder Plot: The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, and ending in their execution on January 31.
  • 1695 – Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.
  • 1785 – The University of Georgia is founded, the first public university in the United States.
  • 1825 – U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.”
  • 1870 – The first women’s fraternity,Kappa Alpha Theta, is formed at DePauw University.
  • 1888 – In Washington, D.C., the National Geographic Society is founded.
  • 1909 – The Young Left is founded in Norway.
  • 1918 – The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • 1939 – First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
  • 1944 – World War II: The two-year Siege of Leningrad is lifted.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Red Army arrives at the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland.
  • 1951 – Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on the Frenchman Flats.
  • 1951 – David Morrissey, Australian anthropologist, artist, and humanitarian activist is born.
  • 1967 – Apollo program: Apollo 1 – Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee are killed in a fire during a test of the spacecraft at the Kennedy Space Center.
  • 1967 – More than sixty nations sign the Outer Space Treaty banning nuclear weapons in space.
  • 1973 – Paris Peace Accords officially end the Vietnam War. Colonel William Nolde falls, becoming the conflict’s last recorded American combat casualty.
  • 1983 – Pilot shaft of the Seikan Tunnel, the world’s longest subaqueous tunnel (53.85 km) between the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido breaks through.
  • 1996 – Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, in a military coup.
  • 1996 – Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

January 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1443 – Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)
  • 1546 – Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1608)
  • 1585 – Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
  • 1603 – Harbottle Grimston, English politician (d. 1685)
  • 1621 – Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
  • 1662 – Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (d. 1742)
  • 1687 – Balthasar Neumann, German architect (d. 1753)
  • 1701 – Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian (d. 1790)
  • 1708 – Anna Petrovna of Russia (d. 1728)
  • 1720 – Samuel Foote, English dramatist (d. 1777)
  • 1741 – Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)
  • 1756 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer (d. 1791)
  • 1805 – Samuel Palmer, English artist (d. 1881)
  • 1805 – Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1805 – Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • 1806 – Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (d. 1826)
  • 1814 – Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
  • 1823 – Edouard Lalo, French composer (d. 1892)
  • 1826 – Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian writer (d. 1889)
  • 1826 – Richard Taylor, American Confederate general (d. 1879)
  • 1832 – Lewis Carroll, English author (d. 1898)
  • 1836 – Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (d. 1895)
  • 1841 – Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1848 – Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
  • 1850 – Samuel Gompers, American labor leader (d. 1924)
  • 1850 – Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
  • 1859 – Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1885 – Jerome Kern, American composer (d. 1945)
  • 1885 – Eduard Künneke, German composer (d. 1953)
  • 1885 – Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
  • 1891 – Ilya Ehrenburg, Russian writer (d. 1967)
  • 1893 – Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
  • 1895 – Harry Ruby, American composer (d. 1974)
  • 1900 – Hyman Rickover, American admiral (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Art Rooney, American football team owner (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Willy Fritsch, German actor (d. 1973)
  • 1903 – John Carew Eccles, Australian neuropsychologist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1905 – Howard McNear, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1908 – Oran Page, American musician (d. 1954)
  • 1908 – William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American newspaper magnate (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher
  • 1918 – Skitch Henderson, English bandleader (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Elmore James, American blues musician (d. 1963)
  • 1918 – William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
  • 1919 – Ross Bagdasarian, American musician (d. 1972)
  • 1920 – Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – John Box, British film production designer and art director (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Donna Reed, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1924 – Sabu Dastagir, Indian actor (d. 1963)
  • 1924 – Rauf Denktas, founder of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
  • 1926 – Fritz Spiegl, Austrian journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Ingrid Thulin, Swedish actress (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Michael Craig, British actor
  • 1928 – Hans Modrow, a German politician, premier of East Germany
  • 1929 – Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist (d. 1984)
  • 1930 – Bobby Blue Bland, American singer
  • 1931 – Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (d. 2001)
  • 1932 – Boris Shakhlin, Soviet gymnast
  • 1933 – Mohamed Al-Fayed, Egyptian billionaire businessman
  • 1934 – George Follmer, American race car driver
  • 1936 – Troy Donahue, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Samuel C. C. Ting, American physicist, Nobel Laureate
  • 1937 – John Ogdon, English pianist (d. 1989)
  • 1940 – James Cromwell, American actor
  • 1940 – Terry Harper, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1942 – John Witherspoon, American actor
  • 1942 – Kate Wolf, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 1986)
  • 1944 – Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
  • 1944 – Mairéad Corrigan, Irish activist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1944 – Nick Mason, English drummer (Pink Floyd)
  • 1945 – Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Nedra Talley, American singer (Ronettes)
  • 1947 – Björn Afzelius, Swedish singer (d. 1999)
  • 1947 – Vyron Polydoras, Greek politician
  • 1948 – Jean-Philippe Collard, French pianist
  • 1949 – Ethan Mordden, American author
  • 1950 – Amos Grunebaum, Israeli-born physician
  • 1950 – Derek Acorah, English spirit medium
  • 1951 – Brian Downey, Irish musician (Thin Lizzy)
  • 1951 – David Morrissey Australian anthropologist, artist, and humanitarian
  • involved in forwarding the cause of CSR
  • 1952 – Billy “White Shoes” Johnson, American football player
  • 1954 – Peter Laird, American comic-book artist
  • 1954 – Joko Ninomiya, Japanese martial artist
  • 1955 – Brian Engblom, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – John G. Roberts, 17th Chief Justice of the United States
  • 1955 – Alexander Stuart, British author
  • 1955 – Koji Ushikubo, Japanese racing driver
  • 1956 – Mimi Rogers, American actress
  • 1957 – Janick Gers, British guitarist (Iron Maiden)
  • 1957 – Frank Miller, American comic book artist and writer and film director
  • 1958 – James Grippando, American novelist
  • 1958 – Kadri Mälk, Estonian artist and jewelry designer
  • 1959 – Keith Olbermann, American news presenter
  • 1959 – Göran Hägglund, Swedish politician
  • 1959 – Cris Collinsworth, American football player
  • 1961 – Margo Timmins, Canadian singer (Cowboy Junkies)
  • 1961 – Dina Bonnevie, Filipino actress
  • 1961 – Gillian Gilbert, British musician (New Order)
  • 1961 – Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer
  • 1964 – Bridget Fonda, American actress
  • 1965 – Alan Cumming, Scottish actor
  • 1965 – Mike Newell, English football manager
  • 1967 – Bobby Deol, Indian actor
  • 1967 – Byron Mann, Hong Kong actor
  • 1967 – Dave Manson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Patrick Blondeau, former French International footballer
  • 1968 – Mike Patton, American singer (Faith No More)
  • 1968 – Tricky, English rapper
  • 1969 – Cornelius, Japanese musician and producer (Flipper’s Guitar)
  • 1969 – Michael Kulas, Canadian singer (James)
  • 1969 – Patton Oswalt, American actor and writer
  • 1970 – Jon Douglas Rainey, American TV personality
  • 1970 – Emmanuel Pahud, French-Swiss flautist
  • 1971 – Fann Wong, Singapore entertainer (Shanghai Knights)
  • 1971 – Lil Jon, American rapper and producer
  • 1971 – Patrice Brisebois, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Guillermo, Mexican-born American TV personality
  • 1972 – Keith Wood, Irish rugby player
  • 1972 – Mark Owen, English pop singer
  • 1972 – Janine Ilitch, Australian netballer
  • 1974 – Chaminda Vaas, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1974 – Andrei Pavel, Romanian tennis player
  • 1976 – Clint Ford, American voice actor
  • 1976 – Ahn Jung-Hwan, Korean football player
  • 1976 – Ruby Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1978 – Pete Laforest, Canadian baseball player
  • 1979 – Daniel Vettori, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1979 – Rosamund Pike, British actress
  • 1979 – Mario Fatafehi, American-born Canadian Football League player
  • 1980 – Marat Safin, Russian tennis player
  • 1980 – Chanda Gunn, ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Alicia Molik, Australian tennis player
  • 1983 – Carlo Colaiacovo, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Gavin Floyd, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Mike Zagurski, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Davetta Sherwood, American actress
  • 1987 – Lily Donaldson, British model
  • 1987 – Katy Rose, American pop singer
  • 1987 – Zuleidy Spanish inventor, famous for inventing the tooth brush
  • 1988 – Kerlon Moura Souza, Brazilian footballer

January 27 – Deaths:

  • 98 – Nerva, Roman Emperor (b. 35)
  • 1490 – Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (b. 1435)
  • 1629 – Hieronymus Praetorius, German composer (b. 1560)
  • 1638 – Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
  • 1731 – Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian musical instrument maker (b. 1655)
  • 1740 – Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France (b. 1692)
  • 1814 – Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1762)
  • 1816 – Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral (b. 1724)
  • 1851 – John James Audubon, French-born naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1789)
  • 1857 – Dorothea Lieven, Russian noblewoman (b. 1785)
  • 1860 – János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802)
  •  1880 – Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)
  • 1901 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (b. 1813)
  • 1910 – Thomas Crapper, English inventor (b. 1836)
  • 1919 – Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (b. 1877)
  • 1921 – Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian soldier (b. 1891)
  • 1927 – Georgios Grivas, Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army
  • 1927 – Blessed Jurgis Matulaitis-Matulevicius (Matulewicz), Lithuanian bishop
  • 1940 – Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (b. 1894)
  • 1956 – Erich Kleiber, Argentine conductor (b. 1890)
  • 1967 – Crew of Apollo 1:
    • Roger Chaffee (b. 1935)
    • Virgil “Gus” Grissom (b. 1926)
    • Edward White (b. 1930)
    • 1967 – Alphonse Juin, Marshal of France (b. 1888)
    • 1970 – Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1908)
    • 1971 – Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (b. 1913)
    • 1972 – Mahalia Jackson, American singer (b. 1911)
    • 1972 – Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (b. 1888)
    • 1973 – William Nolde, last American combat casualty of Vietnam War (b. 1929)
    • 1975 – Bill Walsh, American producer and writer (b. 1913)
    • 1979 – Qalander Ba Ba Auliya, Sufi master (b. 1898)
    • 1983 – Louis de Funès, French actor (b. 1914)
    • 1986 – Lilli Palmer, German-born actress (b. 1914)
    • 1988 – Massa Makan Diabaté, Malian author (b. 1938)
    • 1989 – Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer (b. 1888)
    • 1993 – André the Giant, French professional wrestler and actor (b. 1946)
    • 1994 – Claude Akins, American actor (b. 1918)
    • 1996 – Ralph Yarborough, American politician (b. 1903)
    • 1997 – Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me) (b. 1900)
    • 2000 – Friedrich Gulda, Austrian pianist (b. 1930)
    • 2001 – Stavros Damianides, Greek musician (b. 1941)
    • 2003 – Henryk Jablonski, President of Poland (b. 1909)
    • 2003 – Louis Archambault, Quebec sculptor (b. 1915)
    • 2004 – Jack Paar, American television show host (b. 1918)
    • 2004 – Salvador Laurel, Vice President of the Philippines (b. 1928)
    • 2006 – Johannes Rau, 8th President of Germany (b. 1931)
    • 2006 – Gene McFadden, American singer and songwriter (b. 1948)
    • 2006 – Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (disappeared) (b. 1965)
    • 2007 – Tige Andrews, American actor (b. 1920)
    • 2007 – Yang Chuan-kwang, Taiwanese athlete (b. 1933)
    • 2008 – Suharto, President of Indonesia (b. 1921)
    • 2008 – Louie Welch, mayor of Houston (b. 1918)

January 27 – Holidays:

  • UN — International Holocaust Remembrance Day
  • United Kingdom — Holocaust Memorial Day.
  • Germany — Gedenktag für die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus (Commemoration Day for the Victims of National Socialism).
  • Poland — Dzien Pamieci Ofiar Nazizmu (Memorial Day for the Victims of Nazism).
  • Italy — Giorno della Memoria (Memorial Day).
  • Catholicism — Catholic Schools Week.
  • Serbia — St. Sava Day.
  • Denmark — Auschwitzdag (Auschwitz Day; commemoration day for the victims of the Holocaust and other genocide).
  • Monaco, day of Saint Devota, patron saint

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On This Day in History January 26

January 26 – Events:

  • 1340 – King Edward III of England is declared King of France.
  • 1500 – Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.
  • 1531 – Lisbon, Portugal hit by an earthquake–thousands die.
  • 1564 – The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
  • 1565 – Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
  • 1589 – Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
  • 1699 – Treaty of Carlowitz signed.
  • 1700 – The magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
  • 1736 – Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne.
  • 1788 – The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sails into Sydney Harbour to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement on the continent. Commemorated as Australia Day.
  • 1808 – Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
  • 1837 – Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state.
  • 1838 – Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
  • 1841 – The United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong, which China later formally ceded.
  • 1855 – Point No Point Treaty signed in Washington Territory.
  • 1856 – First Battle of Seattle (1856). Marines from the USS Decatur drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The state of Louisiana secedes from the Union.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: General Ambrose Burnside is relieved of command of the Army of the Potomac after the disastrous Fredericksburg campaign. He is replaced by Joseph Hooker.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent.
  • 1870 – American Civil War: Virginia rejoins the Union.
  • 1885 – Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquer Khartoum.
  • 1905 – The Cullinan Diamond is found near Pretoria, South Africa at the Premier Mine.
  • 1907 – The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.
  • 1911 – Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful seaplane.
  • 1911 – Richard Strauss’ opera Der Rosenkavalier receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.
  • 1920 – Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
  • 1930 – The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence) which occurred 20 years later.
  • 1934 – The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
  • 1934 – German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed.
  • 1939 – Spanish Civil War: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona.
  • 1942 – World War II: The first United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
  • 1950 – India promulgates its constitution forming a republic and Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first president Republic Day.
  • 1952 – Black Saturday in Egypt: riots burn Cairo’s central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.
  • 1958 – Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.
  • 1961 – John F. Kennedy appoints Janet G. Travell to be his physician. This is the first time a woman holds this appointment.
  • 1962 – Ranger program: Ranger 3 is launched to study the moon. The space probe later missed the moon by 22,000 miles (35,400 km).
  • 1965 – Hindi becomes the official language of India.
  • 1966 – The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.
  • 1980 – Israel and Egypt establish diplomatic relations.
  • 1988 – Andrew Lloyd Webber’s The Phantom of the Opera has its first performance on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre in New York.
  • 1991 – Mohamed Siad Barre is removed in Somalia, ending centralized government
  • 1992 – Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia is going to stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapons.
  • 1998 – Lewinsky scandal: On American television, U.S. President Bill Clinton denies having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
  • 2000 – Rap-metal band Rage Against the Machine plays in front of Wall Street, prompting an early closing of trading due to the crowds.
  • 2001 – An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.
  • 2004 – President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.
  • 2004 – A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing Sperm whale is suspected of causing the explosion.
  • 2005 – Glendale train crash: Two trains derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles.
  • 2005 – Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, becoming the first African American woman to hold the post.
  • 2006 – Western Union discontinues use of its telegram service.

January 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1497 – Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)
  • 1541 – Florent Chrestien, French writer (d. 1596)
  • 1714 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (d. 1785)
  • 1716 – George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (d. 1785)
  • 1722 – Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (d. 1805)
  • 1763 – Charles XIV John of Sweden, Napoleonic general (d. 1844)
  • 1781 – Achim von Arnim, German poet (d. 1831)
  • 1813 – Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876
  • 1826 – Julia Dent Grant, First Lady of the United States (d. 1902)
  • 1832 – George Shiras Jr., U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1924)
  • 1842 – François Coppée, French poet and novelist (d. 1908)
  • 1852 – Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà), explorer (d. 1905)
  • 1857 – the 12th Dalai Lama (d. 1875)
  • 1868 – Juventino Rosas, Mexican composer (d. 1894)
  • 1880 – Douglas MacArthur, American general and Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – François Faber, Luxembourgian cyclist (d. 1915)
  • 1887 – Marc Mitscher, American Navy Admiral (d. 1947)
  • 1891 – Frank Costello, Italian-born gangster (d. 1973)
  • 1891 – Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
  • 1892 – Zara Cully, American actress (d. 1978)
  • 1892 – Bessie Coleman, American pioneer aviator (d. 1926)
  • 1893 – Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (d. 1967)
  • 1901 – Stuart Symington, American politician (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Menno ter Braak, Dutch author and polemicist (d. 1940)
  • 1904 – Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1904 – Seán MacBride, Irish statesman, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Charles Lane, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1905 – Maria von Trapp, Austrian-born singer (d. 1987)
  • 1908 – Stéphane Grappelli, French jazz violinist (d. 1997)
  • 1908 – Jill Esmond, English actress (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Jean Image, Hungarian-born French animator (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Polykarp Kusch, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1911 – Norbert Schultze, German composer and songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Jimmy Van Heusen, American songwriter (d. 1990)
  • 1914 – Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – William Hopper, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1918 – Nicolae Ceausescu, Romanian dictator (d. 1989)
  • 1918 – Philip José Farmer, American writer
  • 1921 – Akio Morita, Japanese businessman (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Eddie Barclay, French producer (Barclay Records) (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Michael Bentine, British comedian (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Anne Jeffreys, American actress
  • 1924 – Rauf Denktash, Cypriot politician
  • 1924 – Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – Alice Babs, Swedish singer
  • 1925 – Joan Leslie, American actress
  • 1925 – Paul Newman, American actor, philanthropist, race car driver and race team owner (d. 2009)
  • 1925 – Claude Ryan, Quebec newspaper editor (d. 2004)
  • 1926 – Farman Fatehpuri, Pakistani scholar
  • 1927 – José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Bob Nieman, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • 1928 – Roger Vadim, French film director and actor (d. 2000)
  • 1929 – Jules Feiffer, American cartoonist and writer
  • 1929 – Gordon Solie, American wrestling commentator (d. 2000)
  • 1931 – Mary Murphy, American film actress
  • 1932 – Coxsone Dodd, Jamaican record producer
  • 1933 – Ercole Baldini, Italian cyclist
  • 1934 – Roger Landry, Quebec businessman and newspaper publisher
  • 1935 – Bob Uecker, American baseball player and broadcaster
  • 1937 – Joseph Saidu Momoh, Sierra Leone political leader (d. 2003)
  • 1941 – Scott Glenn, American actor
  • 1941 – Henry Jaglom, English director
  • 1943 – César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1943 – Jean Knight, American singer
  • 1943 – Austin “Jack” Warner,Trinidadian FIFA Vice-President and CONCACAF President
  • 1944 – Angela Davis, American feminist and activist
  • 1945 – Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist (d. 1987)
  • 1946 – Gene Siskel, American film critic (d. 1999)
  • 1947 – Michel Sardou, French singer
  • 1947 – Patrick Dewaere, French actor (d. 1982)
  • 1949 – Jonathan Carroll, American author
  • 1949 – David Strathairn, American actor
  • 1950 – Janet Lupo, American model
  • 1953 – Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark
  • 1953 – Lucinda Williams, American singer
  • 1954 – Kim Hughes, Australian cricketer
  • 1955 – Eddie Van Halen, Dutch musician
  • 1958 – Anita Baker, American singer
  • 1958 – Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian
  • 1958 – Salvador Sánchez, Mexican boxer
  • 1960 – Road Warrior Animal, American professional wrestler
  • 1960 – Charlie Gillingham, American musician (Counting Crows)
  • 1961 – Wayne Gretzky, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Oscar Ruggeri, Argentine footballer
  • 1963 – José Mourinho, Portuguese football manager
  • 1963 – Andrew Ridgeley, English musician
  • 1964 – Paul Johansson, American actor
  • 1965 – Natalia Yurchenko, Soviet gymnast
  • 1965 – Thomas Östros, Swedish politician
  • 1967 – Pradip Somasundaran, Indian playback singer
  • 1968 – Ravi Teja, Tollywood film actor
  • 1970 – Kirk Franklin, American singer
  • 1971 – Bryan Callen, American actor
  • 1971 – Dorian Gregory, American actor
  • 1973 – Mayu Shinjo, Japanese mangaka
  • 1974 – Shannon Hale, American author
  • 1976 – Frankie Rayder, American model
  • 1976 – Willie Adler, American guitar player
  • 1977 – Vince Carter, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Justin Gimelstob, American tennis player
  • 1978 – Estéban Germán, Dominican baseball player
  • 1978 – Corina Morariu, American tennis player
  • 1978 – Kelly Stables, American actress
  • 1979 – Sara Rue, American actress
  • 1981 – Juan Jose Haedo, Argentinian Cyclist
  • 1984 – Layla Kayleigh, British television personality
  • 1984 – Iain Turner, Scottish footballer
  • 1984 – Luo Xuejuan, Chinese swimmer
  • 1986 – Gerald Green, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Matt Heafy, American musician (Trivium)
  • 1986 – Shantelle Taylor, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1987 – Vladimir Garin, Russian actor (d. 2003)
  • 1988 – Mia Rose, British-Portuguese singer
  • 1989 – Emily Hughes, American figure skater
  • 1993 – Cameron Bright, Canadian actor

January 26 – Deaths:

  • 946 – Eadgyth, German Queen
  • 1567 – Nicholas Wotton, English diplomat
  • 1630 – Henry Briggs, English mathematician (b. 1556)
  • 1636 – Jean Hotman, Marquis de Villers-St-Paul, French diplomat (b. 1552)
  • 1697 – Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)
  • 1744 – Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)
  • 1750 – Albert Schultens, Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
  • 1795 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (b. 1732)
  • 1799 – Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)
  • 1823 – Edward Jenner, English physician (b. 1749)
  • 1824 – Théodore Géricault, French painter (b. 1791)
  • 1855 – Gérard de Nerval, French writer (b. 1808)
  • 1869 – Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)
  • 1870 – Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1785)
  • 1885 – Edward Davy, English inventor (b. 1806)
  • 1885 – Charles George Gordon, British general (b. 1833)
  • 1886 – David Rice Atchison, American politician (b. 1807)
  • 1891 – Nikolaus August Otto, German inventor (b. 1833)
  • 1893 – Abner Doubleday, credited inventor of baseball (b. 1819)
  • 1904 – Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (b. 1846)
  • 1926 – John Flannagan, 2nd president of St. Ambrose University
  • 1932 – William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (b. 1861)
  • 1933 – Alva Belmont, American socialite (b. 1853)
  • 1942 – Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (b. 1868)
  • 1943 – Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)
  • 1943 – Nikolai Vavilov, Russian botanist (b. 1887)
  • 1946 – Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
  • 1947 – Grace Moore, American soprano (b. 1898)
  • 1947 – Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, (b. 1906)
  • 1952 – Khorloogiin Choibalsan, leader of Mongolia (b. 1895)
  • 1953 – Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (b. 1882)
  • 1961 – Stan Nichols, English cricketer (b. 1900)
  • 1962 – Lucky Luciano, American mobster (b. 1897)
  • 1968 – Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher (b. 1883)
  • 1968 – Yvor Winters, American poet (b. 1900)
  • 1973 – Edward G. Robinson, American actor (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – João Branco Núncio, Portuguese Bullfighter (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Nelson Rockefeller, 41st Vice President of the United States (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, American football coach (b. 1913)
  • 1990 – Lewis Mumford, American historian (b. 1895)
  • 1990 – Bob Gerard, British racing driver (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor (b. 1912)
  • 1993 – Jan Gies, Dutch resistance leader (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Jeanne Sauvé, Governor-General of Canada (b. 1922)
  • 1996 – Harold Brodkey, American author (b. 1930)
  • 1996 – Dave Schultz, American wrestler (b. 1959)
  • 1997 – Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (b. 1904)
  • 1998 – Shinichi Suzuki, Japanese music teacher (b. 1898)
  • 2000 – Don Budge, American tennis player (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Kathleen Hale, British author (b. 1898)
  • 2000 – A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born author (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Al McGuire, American basketball coach (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Valeriy Brumel, Soviet Olympic athlete (b. 1942)
  • 2003 – Hugh Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, English historian (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Fred Haas, American golfer (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Khan Abdul Wali Khan, Pakistani opposition leader and Pashtun nationalist (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Len Carlson, Canadian actor (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Hans J. Wegner, Danish furniture designer (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Gump Worsley, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)
  • 2008 – Christian Brando, actor and son of Marlon Brando (b 1958)

January 26 – Holidays:

  • Australia – Australia Day.
  • Roman Empire – third day of the Sementivae in honor of Ceres and Terra.
  • Feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Timothy and Titus
    • Saint Paula
    • Saint Alberic
    • Saint Margaret of Hungary
    • India – Republic Day – One of only three national holidays in India, celebrated with pomp and a military parade in New Delhi & across Nation.
    • Uganda – Liberation Day.

 

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On This Day in History January 25

January 25 – Events:

  • 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate.
  • 1327 – Edward III becomes King of England.
  • 1494 – Alfonso II becomes King of Naples.
  • 1533 – Henry VIII of England secretly marries his second wife Anne Boleyn.
  • 1554 – Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.
  • 1573 – Battle of Mikatagahara, in Japan; Takeda Shingen defeats Tokugawa Ieyasu.
  • 1755 – Moscow University established on Tatiana Day.
  • 1787 – American Daniel Shays leads rebellion to seize Federal arsenal to protest debtor’s prisons.
  • 1791 – The British Parliament passes the Constitutional Act of 1791 and splits the old province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.
  • 1792 – The London Corresponding Society is founded.
  • 1858 – The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria’s daughter, Victoria, and Friedrich of Prussia.
  • 1879 – The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.
  • 1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
  • 1890 – Nellie Bly completes her round-the-world journey in 72 days.
  • 1909 – Richard Strauss’ opera Elektra receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.
  • 1915 – Alexander Graham Bell inaugurates U.S. transcontinental telephone service.
  • 1917 – The Danish West Indies is sold to the United States for $25 million.
  • 1919 – The League of Nations is founded.
  • 1924 – The 1924 Winter Olympics open in Chamonix, France (in the French Alps), inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games.
  • 1937 – The Guiding Light airs on radio for the first time. Also went to television making this show the longest running broadcast program in United States radio and television history.
  • 1941 – Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
  • 1942 – World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.
  • 1945 – World War II: Battle of the Bulge ends.
  • 1946 – The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.
  • 1949 – At the Hollywood Athletic Club the first Emmy Awards are presented.
  • 1949 – The first Israeli election — David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.
  • 1955 – Soviet Union ends state of war with Germany.
  • 1959 – Pope John XXIII proclaims upcoming Second Vatican Council.
  • 1960 – The National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the Payola scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.
  • 1961 – In Washington, D.C. John F. Kennedy delivers the first live presidential television news conference.
  • 1971 – Charles Manson and three female “Family” members are found guilty of the 1969 Tate-LaBianca murders.
  • 1971 – Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda’s president.
  • 1971 – Himachal Pradesh becomes the 18th Indian state.
  • 1981 – Jiang Qing, the widow of Mao Zedong, is sentenced to death.
  • 1981 – 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US.
  • 1981 – Super Bowl XV-Oakland Raiders-27, Philadelphia Eagles-10.
  • 1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia.
  • 1985 – “We are the World” is recorded.
  • 1986 – The National Resistance Movement topple the government of Tito Okello in Uganda.
  • 1987 – NY Giants defeat Denver Broncos, 39-20, to win Super Bowl XXI.
  • 1990 – The Burns’ Day storm hits northwestern Europe.
  • 1990 – Honduras becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1990 – Avianca Flight 52 crashes, killing 73 passengers.
  • 1993 – Five people were shot outside CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia resulting in two murders.
  • 1994 – The Clementine space probe launches.
  • 1995 – The Norwegian Rocket Incident: Russia almost launches a nuclear attack after it mistakes Black Brant XII, a Norwegian research rocket, for a US Trident missile.
  • 1998 – During a historic visit to Cuba Pope John Paul II demands the release of political prisoners and political reforms while condemning US attempts to isolate the country.
  • 1998 – Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) suicide attack on Sri Lanka’s Temple of the Tooth, killing 8 people injuring 25 others.
  • 1999 – A 6.0 Richter scale earthquake hits western Colombia killing at least 1,000.
  • 2001 – A 50-year-old Douglas DC-3 crashes near Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela killing 24.
  • 2002 – Wikipedia switches to the new version of its software (“Phase II”) aka Magnus Manske Day.
  • 2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B) lands on surface of Mars.
  • 2005 – A stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi in India kills at least 258.
  • 2006 – Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-
  • BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.

January 25 – Birthdays:

  • 750 – Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1477 – Anna, Duchess of Brittany, wife of Charles VIII of France (d. 1514)
  • 1509 – Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal (d. 1580)
  • 1615 – Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (d. 1660)
  • 1627 – Robert Boyle, Irish chemist (d. 1691)
  • 1634 – Gaspar Fagel, Dutch statesman (d. 1688)
  • 1640 – William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and statesman (d. 1707)
  • 1688 – Juraj Jánošík, famous Slovak outlaw (d. 1713)
  • 1736 – Joseph Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician (d. 1813)
  • 1741 – Benedict Arnold, American general notorious for treason (d. 1801)
  • 1739 – Charles François Dumouriez, French general (d. 1823)
  • 1759 – Robert Burns, Scottish poet (d. 1796)
  • 1794 – François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (d. 1878)
  • 1796 – William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (d. 1852)
  • 1825 – George Pickett, American Confederate General (d. 1875)
  • 1841 – Jackie Fisher, British First Sea Lord (d. 1920)
  • 1858 – Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)
  • 1860 – Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States (d. 1936)
  • 1864 – Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (d. 1934)
  • 1874 – W. Somerset Maugham, English writer (d. 1965)
  • 1878 – Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-born television pioneer (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Virginia Woolf, English writer (d. 1941)
  • 1885 – Kitahara Hakushu, Japanese poets and children’s writers (d. 1942)
  • 1886 – Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (d. 1954)
  • 1899 – Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian politician (d. 1972)
  • 1900 – Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian-American geneticist and biologist (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Martin De Alzaga, Argentine racing driver (d. 1982)
  • 1905 – Maurice Roy, French Canadian Roman Catholic cardinal, archbishop of Quebec (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Witold Lutoslawski, Polish composer (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Luis Marden, American photojournalist (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Frank “Pop” Ivy, American and Canadian football coach (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist Nobel Laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician (d. 1992)
  • 1918 – Ernie Harwell, American baseball sportscaster
  • 1919 – Edwin Newman, American journalist and writer
  • 1923 – Rusty Draper, American country and pop singer (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as “Sybil”) (d. 1998)
  • 1924 – Lou Groza, American football player (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Speedy West, Country Hall of Fame steel guitar player (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Giorgos Zampetas, Greek musician and songwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Antonio Carlos Jobim, Brazilian musician (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Eduard Shevardnadze, President of Georgia
  • 1928 – Jérôme Choquette, Quebec lawyer and politician
  • 1929 – Benny Golson, American jazz musician
  • 1930 – Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist (d. 1944)
  • 1931 – Dean Jones, American actor
  • 1933 – Corazon Aquino, President of the Philippines
  • 1935 – António Ramalho Eanes, 17 President of Portugal
  • 1936 – Diana Hyland, American actress (d. 1977)
  • 1937 – Ange-Félix Patassé, President of the Central African Republic
  • 1937 – Judith Ann Mayotte, American humanitarian, author.
  • 1938 – Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author (d. 1998)
  • 1938 – Leiji Matsumoto, sJapanese creator of anime.
  • 1938 – Etta James, American singer
  • 1938 – Vladimir Vysotsky, Russian poet (d. 1980)
  • 1939 – Gabriel Romanus, Swedish politician
  • 1941 – Buddy Baker, American race car driver
  • 1941 – Gregory Sierra, American actor
  • 1942 – Carl Eller, American football player
  • 1942 – Eusébio, Portuguese footballer
  • 1943 – Tobe Hooper, American film director
  • 1944 – Anita Pallenberg, Italian model
  • 1945 – Leigh Taylor-Young, American actress
  • 1947 – Tostão, Brazilian footballer
  • 1947 – Ángel Nieto, Spanish motorcycle racer
  • 1948 – Ros Kelly, Australian politician
  • 1949 – John Cooper Clarke, English punk-poet
  • 1949 – Paul Nurse, English biochemist, Nobel Laureate
  • 1951 – Steve Prefontaine, American runner (d. 1975)
  • 1952 – Sara Mandiano, French singer and songwriter
  • 1952 – Timothy White, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1953 – The Honky Tonk Man, American professional wrestler
  • 1953 – Mark Weil, Uzbek theatre director (d. 2007)
  • 1954 – Ricardo Bochini, Argentinian footballer
  • 1954 – Richard Finch, American bass player (KC and the Sunshine Band)
  • 1954 – Kim Gandy, American feminist
  • 1955 – Terry Chimes, English musician (The Clash)
  • 1956 – Andy Cox, English musician (The Beat, Fine Young Cannibals)
  • 1957 – Jenifer Lewis, American actress
  • 1957 – Eskil Erlandsson, Swedish politician
  • 1957 – Andrew P. Harris, American politician
  • 1958 – Dinah Manoff, American actress
  • 1961 – Vivian Balakrishnan, Singaporean politician
  • 1961 – Willie Revillame, Filipino game show host and comedian
  • 1962 – Chris Chelios, American ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Esa Tikkanen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Randy McKay, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mark Bamford, American writer/director
  • 1969 – Kina, American singer
  • 1971 – Luca Badoer, Italian race car driver
  • 1971 – China Kantner, American actress
  • 1971 – Ana Ortiz, American actress and singer
  • 1973 – Geoff Johns, American comic book writer
  • 1973 – Chris Guy, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Robert Budreau, Canadian film director
  • 1975 – Mia Kirshner, Canadian actress
  • 1975 – Tim Montgomery, American athlete
  • 1975 – Dat Phan, Vietnamese stand-up comedian
  • 1976 – Mario Haberfeld, Brazilian racing car driver
  • 1978 – Denis Menchov, Russian cyclist
  • 1978 – Jason Roberts, English-born footballer
  • 1978 – Derrick Turnbow, Major League Baseball Player
  • 1979 – Pi Hongyan, French badminton player
  • 1979 – Gabe Jennings, American distance runner
  • 1979 – Rodrigo Ribeiro, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1979 – Christine Lakin, American actress
  • 1980 – Michelle McCool, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Xavi, Catalan Spanish footballer
  • 1980 – Efstathios Tavlaridis, Greek footballer
  • 1981 – Tose Proeski, Macedonian Singer (d. 2007)
  • 1981 – Francis Jeffers, English footballer
  • 1981 – Alicia Keys, American singer
  • 1982 – Sho Sakurai, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1982 – The-Dream, singer
  • 1982 – Shawna Waldron, American actress
  • 1983 – Andrée Watters, Canadian singer
  • 1984 – Robinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Tina Karol, Ukrainian singer
  • 1985 – Acie Law IV, National Basketball Association player
  • 1986 – Chris O’Grady, English footballer
  • 1986 – Shahriar Nafees, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1987 – Maria Kirilenko, Russian tennis player
  • 1988 – Tatiana Golovin, French tennis player

January 25 – Deaths:

  • 389 – Gregory Nazianzus, theologian and Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 329)
  • 477 – Geiseric, King of the Vandals and Alans
  • 844 – Pope Gregory IV
  • 1067 – Emperor Yingzong of China (b. 1032)
  • 1366 – Henry Suso, German mystic
  • 1431 – Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1364)
  • 1494 – King Ferdinand I of Naples (b. 1423)
  • 1559 – King Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (b. 1481)
  • 1573 – Hirate Hirohide, Japanese samurai (b. 1553)
  • 1586 – Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter (b. 1515)
  • 1640 – Robert Burton, English scholar (b. 1577)
  • 1670 – Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1612)
  • 1726 – Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (b. 1675)
  • 1733 – Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London (b. 1652)
  • 1751 – Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (b. 1675)
  • 1852 – Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian explorer (b. 1778)
  • 1881 – Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (b. 1794)
  • 1907 – René Pottier, French cyclist (b. 1879)
  • 1908 – Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (b. 1850)
  • 1908 – Ouida, English writer (b. 1839)
  • 1912 – Dmitry Milyutin, Russian Field Marshal (b. 1816)
  • 1925 – Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • 1940 – Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (b. 1899)
  • 1947 – Al Capone, American gangster (b. 1899)
  • 1949 – Makino Nobuaki, Japanese statesman (b. 1861)
  • 1957 – Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese physician and bacteriologist (b. 1871)
  • 1957 – Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese industrialist and Minister of Commerce and Industry (b. 1873)
  • 1963 – Wilson Kettle, Guinness World Record holder for most living descendants (b. 1860)
  • 1969 – Irene Castle, English dancer (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Jane Bathori, French mezzo-soprano (b. 1877)
  • 1970 – Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese television writer and producer (Ultraman) (b. 1901)
  • 1972 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, mayor of Ottawa (b. 1896)
  • 1976 – Chris Kenner, American singer and songwriter (b. 1929)
  • 1980 – Queenie Watts, English actress (b. 1926)
  • 1981 – Adele Astaire, American dancer (b. 1897)
  • 1982 – Mikhail Suslov, Soviet politician (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Ava Gardner, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Cal Jammer, American actor (b. 1960)
  • 1996 – Jonathan Larson, American composer (b. 1960)
  • 1999 – Sarah “Sadie” Delany, American author (b. 1889)
  • 1999 – Ted Mallie, American radio and television announcer (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Robert Shaw, American conductor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Samuel Weems, Arkansas judge (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Miklós Fehér, Hungarian footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2005 – Stanislaw Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – William Augustus Bootle, American judge (b. 1902)
  • 2005 – Philip Johnson, American architect (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Ray Peterson, American singer (b. 1935)
  • 2005 – Nettie Witziers-Timmer, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Anna Malle, adult film star (b. 1967)
  • 2008 – Christopher Allport, American actor (b. 1947)
  • 2008 – Evelyn Barbirolli,English musician (b. 1911)

January 25 – Holidays:

  • Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul celebrated by the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Anglican and Lutheran churches, which concludes the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity.
  • Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church: Feast of Gregory the Theologian, Archbishop of Constantinople.
  • Christian ecumenism — Week of Prayer for Christian Unity ends.
  • Burns Night – Burns suppers are held in many parts of the world around this date. (Originated in Scotland)
  • Roman Empire – second day of the Sementivae in honour of Ceres and Terra
  • St. Dwynwen’s Day – Welsh celebration of love Diwrnod Santes Dwynwen.
  • Tatiana Day, celebrated as the Day of Russian students since 1755, when the Moscow University was founded.

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