On This Day in History January 31

January 31 – Events:

  • 1504 -France     cedesNaplestoAragon.
  • 1606 – Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes      is executed for his plotting against Parliament and James I ofEngland.
  • 1747 – The first venereal      diseases clinic opens atLondon     LockHospital.
  • 1814 – Gervasio Antonio de      Posadas becomes Supreme Director ofArgentina.
  • 1846 – After the Milwaukee Bridge      War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee,      Wisconsin.
  • 1849 – Corn Laws are abolished in      theUnited Kingdom     (following legislation in 1846).
  • 1865 – American Civil War:      Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
  •  1867 – Maronite nationalist leader      Youssef Karam leavesLebanon     on board of a French ship forAlgeria.
  • 1876 – TheUnited Statesorders all      Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • 1891 – The first attempt of a      Portuguese republican revolution brakes out in the northern city ofPorto.
  • 1895 – José      Martí & others leaveNew York        CityNYfor      invasion of Spanish Cuba.
  • 1900 – Datu Muhammad Salleh is      assassinated in Kampung Teboh, Tambuan, ending the Mat Salleh Rebellion.
  • 1901 – Chekhov’s      “Three Sisters” opens at theMoscowArt     Theater.
  • 1905 – First      auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald,Daytona Beach.
  • 1905 – Carroll      Wright appointed firstUS     Commissioner of Labor.
  • 1906 – Strongest      instrumentally recorded earthquake,Colombia, 8.6 Richter scale.
  • 1911 – Congress      namesSan FranciscoasPanama       Canalopening celebration site
  • 1915 – World War I:Germanyuses poison gas againstRussia
  • 1917 – World War I:Germany     announces its U-boats will engage in unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • 1918 – A series of accidental      collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy      submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • 1919 – The Battle of George      Square takes place inGlasgow,      Scotland.
  • 1929 – The Soviet Union exiles      Leon Trotsky toTurkey.
  • 1930 – 3M begins marketing Scotch      Tape.
  • 1936 – The Green Hornet radio      show debuts.
  • 1941 – Layforce set sail.
  • 1944 – World War II: American      forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-heldMarshall Islands.
  • 1944 – World War II: During Anzio      campaign 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby’s Rangers) was destroyed behind enemy      lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Battle of Cisterna,Italy.
  • 1945 -USArmy private Eddie Slovik      is executed, the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed      for desertion.
  • 1946 -Yugoslavia’s      new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent      republics (Bosnia-Herzegovina,Croatia,Macedonia,     Montenegro,SerbiaandSlovenia).
  • 1948 – J. D.      Salinger’s “A Perfect Day for Banana Fish” appears in NY.
  • 1948 – Magnetic      tape recorder developed by Wireway.
  • 1949 – First      daytime soap on TV “These Are My Children” (NBC inChicago).
  • 1950 – President Harry S. Truman      announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1953 – A North Sea flood causes      over 1,800 deaths in theNetherlands.
  • 1956 – Juscelino      Kubitschek becomes President of Brazil.
  • 1956 – Guy Mollet becomes Prime      Minister of France.
  • 1957 – Eight people on the ground      inPacoima,Californiaare killed following the      mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89      Scorpion fighter jet.
  • 1958 – Explorer program: Explorer      1 – The first successful launch of an American satellite into orbit.
  • 1958 – James Van Allen discovers      the Van Allen radiation belt.
  • 1961 – Project Mercury:      Mercury-Redstone 2 – Ham the Chimp travels into outer space.
  • 1968 – Viet Cong attack theUnited Statesembassy inSaigon.
  • 1968 -Nauru     declares independence fromAustralia.
  • 1970 – A Saskatchewan Court      convicts 17-year-old hippie David Milgaard of murder; he is sentenced to      life in prison. He spent 23 years in jail until April 14, 1992 when DNA evidence      proves him innocent of all charges.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 14      Mission – Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell,      aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on      the Moon.
  • 1971 – The Winter Soldier      Investigation, organized by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War to      publicize war crimes and atrocities by Americans and allies inVietnam, begin inDetroit,Michigan.
  • 1974 –      MacDonald’s founder Ray Kroc buys San Diego Padres.
  • 1975 – Barry      Manilow’s “Mandy” goes gold.
  • 1975 – UCLA wins      NCAA basketball championship.
  • 1976 –      “Love Rollercoaster” by Ohio Players hits #1.
  • 1980 – Thirty-nine people burn to      death in the occupation of the Spanish Embassy inGuatemala.
  • 1981 – “The      Tide Is High” by Blondie hits #1.
  • 1984 – Edwin Newman      retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network.
  • 1986 – Mary      Lund, ofMinnesota,      is first female recipient of an artificial heart.
  • 1988 – Barge      sinks nearAnacortesWA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil.
  • 1990 – First      McDonalds inRussia     opens inMoscow,      world’s biggest McDonalds.
  • 1992 –      Sportscaster Howard Cosell retires.
  • 1994 – Dow Jones      hits a record 3,978.36
  • 1995 – President Bill Clinton      authorizes a $20 billion loan toMexicoto stabilize its economy.
  • 1996 – An explosives-filled truck      rams into the gates of the Central Bank ofSri       LankainColombo,      Sri Lanka     killing at least 86 and injuring 1,400.
  • 2000 – Alaska Airlines flight 261      MD-83, experiencing horizontal stabilizer problems, crashes in the Pacific      Ocean off the coast of Point Mugu,California,      killing all 88 persons aboard.
  • 2001 – In theNetherlandsa Scottish court convicts a      Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight      103 which crashed intoLockerbie,      Scotland     in 1988.
  • 2003 – The Waterfall train disaster      occurs nearWaterfall,      New South Wales,Australia.
  • 2007 – Suspects are arrested inBirminghamin theUK,      accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a      serving Muslim British soldier inIraq.
  • 2008 – The MS Riverdance is      beached atBlackpoolafter its cargo      shifts. The ship had been hit broadside by a wave in theIrish       Sea.

January 31 – Birthdays:

  • 877 – Taejo of Goryeo, ruler ofKorea     (d. 943)
  • 1512 – King Henry ofPortugal     (d. 1580)
  • 1543 – Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of     Japan     (d. 1616)
  • 1550 – Henry I, Duke of Guise,      French Catholic leader (d. 1588)
  • 1597 – John Francis Regis, French      saint (d. 1640)
  • 1624 – Arnold Geulincx, Flemish      philosopher (d. 1669)
  • 1673 – Louis de Montfort, French      catholic priest and saint (d. 1716)
  • 1686 – Hans Egede, Norwegian      Lutheran missionary (d. 1758)
  • 1752 – Gouverneur Morris,      American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
  • 1759 – François Devienne, French      composer (d. 1803)
  • 1797 – Franz Schubert, Austrian      composer (d. 1828)
  • 1820 – William B. Washburn, 28th      Governor ofMassachusetts     (d. 1887)
  • 1857 – George Jackson Churchward,      Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – Henri Desgrange, Founder      of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)
  • 1865 – Shastriji Maharaj, Indian      spiritual leader (d. 1951)
  • 1866 – Lev Shestov, Russian      philosopher (d. 1938)
  • 1868 – Theodore William Richards,      American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1928)
  • 1872 – Zane Grey, American      Western writer (d. 1939)
  • 1881 – Irving Langmuir, American      chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1881 – Anna Pavlova, Russian      ballerina (d. 1931)
  • 1884 – Theodor Heuss, 1st      President ofGermany     (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
  • 1889 – Frank Foster, English      cricketer (d. 1958)
  • 1892 – Eddie Cantor, American      actor and singer (d. 1964)
  • 1894 – Isham Jones, American      musician (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian      mathematician (d. 1966)
  • 1902 – Tallulah Bankhead,      American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1902 – Alva Myrdal, Swedish      politician, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1905 – John O’Hara, American      writer (d. 1970)
  • 1911 – Eddie Byrne, British actor      (d. 1981)
  • 1913 – Don Hutson, American      football player (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Carey Loftin, American      actor and stuntman (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Sri Daya Mata, Hindu      religious figure
  • 1914 – Jersey Joe Walcott,      American boxer (d. 1994)
  • 1915 – Alan Lomax, American      musicologist (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Thomas Merton, American      author and monk (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Garry Moore, American      comedian (d. 1993)
  • 1919 – Jackie Robinson, American      baseball player, and the first black player in Major League Baseball (d.      1972)
  • 1921 – John Agar, American actor      (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Carol Channing, American      actress and singer
  • 1921 – E. Fay Jones, American      architect (d. 2004)
  • 1921 – Mario Lanza, American      singer (d. 1959)
  • 1922 – Joanne Dru, American      actress (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Norman Mailer, American      writer and journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – Benjamin Hooks, American      civil rights leader
  • 1926 – Tom Alston, American      baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Chuck Willis, American      singer and songwriter (d. 1958)
  • 1929 – Rudolf Mössbauer, German      physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Jean Simmons, English      actress
  • 1930 – Lynn Carlin, American      actress
  • 1930 – Joakim Bonnier, Swedish      racecar driver (d. 1972)
  • 1931 – Ernie Banks, American      baseball player
  • 1931 – Christopher Chataway,      English athlete, newscaster and politician
  • 1933 – Camille Henry, Canadian      ice hockey player (d. 1997)
  • 1933 – Bernardo Provenzano ,      Mafia Boss
  • 1934 – James Franciscus, American      actor (d. 1991)
  • 1934 – Bob Turner, Canadian ice      hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Kenzaburo Oe, Japanese      writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 – Regimantas Adomaitis,      Lithuanian actor
  • 1937 – Andrée Boucher, Canadian      politician (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Philip Glass, American      composer
  • 1937 – Suzanne Pleshette,      American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1938 – Queen Beatrix of theNetherlands
  • 1938 – James G. Watt, American      politician
  • 1939 – Claude Gauthier, Canadian      singer and songwriter
  • 1940 – Kitch Christie, South      African rugby union coach (d. 1998)
  • 1941 – Richard A. Gephardt,      American politician
  • 1941 – Jessica Walter, American      actress
  • 1942 – Daniela Bianchi, Italian      actress
  • 1942 – Derek Jarman, British      director and writer (d. 1994)
  • 1944 – Charlie Musselwhite,      American musician
  • 1945 – Joseph Kosuth, American      conceptual artist
  • 1946 – Terry Kath, American      musician (Chicago)      (d. 1978)
  • 1947 – Jonathan Banks, American      actor
  • 1947 – Nolan Ryan, American      baseball player
  • 1948 – Muneo Suzuki, Japanese      politician
  • 1949 – Johan Derksen, Dutch      footballer and sports journalist
  • 1949 – Ken Wilber, American      philosopher
  • 1950 – Alexander Korzhakov, Boris      Yeltsin’s bodyguard
  • 1951 – Dave Benton, Aruban-born      singer
  • 1951 – Harry Wayne Casey,      American singer and musician (KC and the Sunshine Band)
  • 1951 – Phil Manzanera, English      guitarist (Roxy Music, Quiet Sun, 801)
  • 1952 – Nadya Rusheva, Russian      painter (d. 1969)
  • 1954 – Adrian Vandenberg, Dutch      musician (Whitesnake)
  • 1956 – John Lydon aka Johnny      Rotten, English singer (Sex Pistols, Public Image Ltd.)
  • 1959 – Anthony LaPaglia,      Australian actor
  • 1959 – Kelly Lynch, American      actress
  • 1959 – Kelly Moore, American      stock car driver
  • 1960 – Grant Morrison, British      comic book author
  • 1961 – Lloyd Cole, British singer
  • 1964 -Sylvie Bernier,Quebec     diver
  • 1964 – Jeff Hanneman, American      musician (Slayer)
  • 1964 – Billey Shamrock, Swedish      singer
  • 1966 – Dr Umar Alisha, A Sufi      Master was Born at Pithapuram.
  • 1967 – Fat Mike, American      musician
  • 1967 – Irene Wan,Hong Kongactress
  • 1967 – Joey Wong, Taiwanese      actress
  • 1970 – Minnie Driver, British      actress
  • 1971 – Lee Young Ae, South Korean      actress
  • 1971 – Patrick Kielty, Northern      Irish comedian
  • 1971 – Dimitris Markos, Greek      footballer
  • 1973 – Portia de Rossi,      Australian actress
  • 1974 – Wil Anderson, Australian      comedian
  • 1974 – Ariel Pestano, Cuban      baseball player
  • 1975 – Fred Coleman, former      National Football League wide receiver
  • 1975 – Jackie O, Australian radio      host
  • 1975 – Preity Zinta, Indian      actress
  • 1976 – Traianos Dellas, Greek      footballer
  • 1976 – Buddy Rice, American race      car driver
  • 1977 – Mark Dutiaume, National      Hockey League player
  • 1977 – Shingo Katori, Japanese      actor and singer (SMAP)
  • 1977 – Jim Kleinsasser, National      Football League tight end
  • 1977 – Kate Shindle, American      actress
  • 1977 – Kerry Washington, American      actress
  • 1978 – Fabián Caballero,      Argentine footballer
  • 1978 – Brad Rutter, Jeopardy! Champion
  • 1978 – Ray Shah, Irish DJ, TV,      radio presenter
  • 1979 – Daniel Tammet, British      autistic savant
  • 1980 – Ryan Kienle, American      musician
  • 1980 – Tiffany Limos, American      actress
  • 1981 – Julio Arca, Argentinian      football player
  • 1981 – Justin Timberlake,      American singer
  • 1982 – Yuniesky Betancourt, Major      League Baseball shortstop
  • 1982 – Andreas Görlitz, German      football player
  • 1982 – Bruno Nogueira, Portuguese      actor, comedian and TV host
  • 1982 – Elena Paparizou, Greek      singer
  • 1982 – Janis Sprukts, National      Hockey League player
  • 1982 – Brad Thompson, Major      League Baseball player
  • 1983 – James Sutton, British      television actor
  • 1984 – Jeremy Wariner, American      400m runner
  • 1985 – Adam Federici, Australian      footballer

January 31 – Deaths:

  • 743 – Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia      Imam (b. 676)
  • 1398 – Emperor Suko (b. 1334)
  • 1435 – Xuande, Emperor ofChina     (b. 1398)
  • 1561 – Bairam Khan, Great Mughal      General, regent for Akbar
  • 1561 – Menno Simons, Dutch      Mennonite leader (b. 1496)
  • 1580 – Henry ofPortugal(b. 1512)
  • 1606 – Gunpowder Plot      conspirators:
    • Guy Fawkes (b.       1570)
    • Ambrose       Rokewood (b. c. 1578)
    • Thomas Wintour       (b. 1571)
  • 1615 – Claudio Aquaviva, Italian      Jesuit (b. 1543)
  • 1632 – Joost Bürgi, Swiss      clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
  • 1665 – Johannes Clauberg, German      theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
  • 1686 – Jean Mairet, French      dramatist (b. 1604)
  • 1720 – Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of      Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)
  • 1729 – Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch      explorer (b. 1659)
  • 1736 – Filippo Juvara, Italian architect      (b. 1678)
  • 1788 – Charles Edward Stuart,      pretender to the British throne (b. 1720)
  • 1790 – Thomas Lewis, Irish-bornVirginiasettler      (b. 1718)
  • 1794 – Marriott Arbuthnot,      British admiral (b. 1711)
  • 1815 – José Félix Ribas,      Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
  • 1828 – Alexander Ypsilantis,      Phanariot Greek military commander and national hero of the Greek War of      Independence (b.1792
  • 1844 – Henri Gratien, Comte      Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)
  • 1888 – John Bosco, Italian      priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)
  • 1892 – Charles Spurgeon, English      preacher and evangelist (b. 1834)
  • 1907 – Timothy Eaton, Canadian      department store founder (b. 1834)
  • 1923 – Eligiusz Niewiadomski,      assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (b. 1869)
  • 1933 – John Galsworthy, English      writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1942 – Henry Larkin, Baseball      player (b. 1860)
  • 1944 – Jean Giraudoux, French      writer (b. 1882)
  • 1945 – Eddie Slovik, American      soldier (b. 1920)
  • 1954 – Edwin Howard Armstrong,      American electrical engineer and inventor of the FM radio (b. 1890)
  • 1955 – John Mott, American YMCA      leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)
  • 1956 – A. A. Milne, English      author (b. 1882)
  • 1966 – General Arthur Ernest      Percival, British Army Officer (b. 1887)
  • 1967 – Eddie Tolan, American      athlete (b. 1908)
  • 1969 – Meher Baba, Indian guru      (b. 1894)
  • 1970 – Slim Harpo, American      singer (b. 1924)
  • 1971 – Viktor Maksimovich      Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian, linguist (b. 1891)
  • 1973 – Ragnar Anton Kittil      Frisch, Norwegian economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1974 – Samuel Goldwyn,      Polish-born film studio executive (b. 1882)
  • 1976 – Ernesto Miranda, American      litigant (b. 1941)
  • 1981 – Cozy Cole, American jazz      drummer (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Yves Allégret, French film      director (b. 1907)
  • 1990 – Rashad Khalifa,      Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)
  • 1995 – George Abbott, American      stage director and producer (b. 1887)
  • 1997 – John Joseph Scanlan, Irish      Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Norm Zauchin, American      baseball player (b. 1929)
  • 2000 – Gil Kane, Latvian-born      comic book writer (b. 1926)
  • 2001 – Gordon R. Dickson,      Canadian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Francis Gabreski, American      fighter pilot (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Eleanor Holm, American      swimmer (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Moira Shearer, Scottish      actress (The Red Shoes) and ballerina (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Kirka Babitzin, Finnish      singer (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Molly Ivins, American      political columnist and author (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Lee Bergere, American      actor (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Adelaide Tambo, South      African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)

January 31 – Holidays:

  • Catholicism – Feast day of St.      John Bosco, patron saint of Christian apprentices, editors, and publishers
  • Saint Pedro Nolasco
  • Saint Marcella
  • Saint Geminianus
  • Blessed Ludovica
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s