On This Day in History October 6

October 6 – Events:

  • 105 BC – Battle of Arausio: The Cimbri inflict the heaviest defeat on the Roman army of Gnaeus Mallius Maximus.
  • 68 BC – Battle of Artaxata: Lucullus averts the bad omen of this day by defeating Tigranes the Great of Armenia.
  • 1582 – Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day is skipped in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1600 – Jacopo Peri’s Euridice, the earliest surviving opera, premieres in Florence, signifying the beginning of the Baroque Period
  • 1683 – William Penn brings 13 German immigrant families to the colony of Pennsylvania, marking the first German people to immigrate to America.
  • 1762 – Seven Years’ War: conclusion of the Battle of Manila between Britain and Spain, which resulted in the British occupation of Manila for the rest of the war.
  • 1789 – French Revolution: Louis XVI returns to Paris from Versailles after being confronted by the Parisian women on 5 October
  • 1849 – The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • 1854 – The Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead started shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.
  • 1884 – The Naval War College of the United States Navy was founded in Newport, Rhode Island.
  • 1889 – Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture.
  • 1898 – Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity founded at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1903 – The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
  • 1906 – The Majlis of Iran convened for the first time.
  • 1908 – Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 1921 – International PEN is founded in London.
  • 1922 – The great powers of the first world war withdraw from Istanbul
  • 1927 – Opening of The Jazz Singer, the first prominent talking movie.
  • 1928 – Chiang Kai-Shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China.
  • 1939 – Last Polish army is defeated in World War II.
  • 1945 – Baseball: Billy Sianis and his pet billy goat are ejected from Wrigley Field during Game 4 of the 1945 World Series.
  • 1955 – A United Airlines DC-4 crashes in Medicine Bow Peak, Wyoming, killing 66 people
  • 1966 – LSD is declared illegal in the United States.
  • 1973 – The Crossing: 80,000 Egyptian troops cross the Suez Canal, destroying the fortified Israeli Bar-Lev Line and starting the Yom Kippur War.
  • 1976 – New Premier Hua Guofeng orders the arrest of the Gang of Four and associates and ends the Cultural Revolution in the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1976 – Massacre of students gathering at Thammasat University in Bangkok, Thailand to protest the return of ex-dictator Thanom by a coalition of right-wing paramilitary and government forces, triggering the return of the military to government.
  • 1977 – In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.
  • 1977 – The first prototype of the MiG-29, designated 9-01, makes its maiden flight.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit the White House.
  • 1981 – President of Egypt, Anwar al-Sadat is assassinated.
  • 1985 – PC Keith Blakelock is murdered as riots erupt in the Broadwater Farm suburb of London.
  • 1987 – Fiji becomes a republic.
  • 1995 – 51 Pegasi was discovered to be the first major star apart from the Sun to have a planet (and extrasolar planet) orbiting around it.
  • 2000 – Yugoslav president Slobodan Miloševic resigns.
  • 2002 – The French oil tanker Limburg is bombed off Yemen.
  • 2002 – Opus Dei founder Josemaría Escrivá is canonized.
  • 2007 – Jason Lewis completes the first human-powered circumnavigation of the globe.

October 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1289 – King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (d. 1306)
  • 1459 – Martin Behaim, German navigator and geographer (d. 1507)
  • 1510 – Rowland Taylor, English clergyman (d. 1555)
  • 1510 – John Caius, English physician (d. 1573)
  • 1552 – Matteo Ricci, Italian Jesuit missionary (d. 1610)
  • 1573 – Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, English patron of the theater (d. 1624)
  • 1610 – Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French soldier (d. 1690)
  • 1716 – George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English statesman (d. 1771)
  • 1738 – Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1789)
  • 1744 – James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1813)
  • 1767 – Henri Christophe, king of Haiti (d. 1820)
  • 1769 – Sir Isaac Brock, British commander (d. 1812)
  • 1773 – King Louis-Philippe of France (d. 1850)
  • 1801 – Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (d. 1888)
  • 1803 – Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (d. 1879)
  • 1820 – Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano (d. 1887)
  • 1831 – Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (d. 1916)
  • 1838 – Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer (d. 1910)
  • 1846 – George Westinghouse, American engineer and inventor (d. 1914)
  • 1866 – Reginald Fessenden, Canadian-born inventor and radio pioneer (d. 1932)
  • 1872 – Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (d. 1936)
  • 1874 – Frank G. Allen, 51 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1950)
  • 1876 – Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (d. 1941)
  • 1882 – Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer and pianist (d. 1937)
  • 1886 – Edwin Fischer, Swiss pianist and conductor (d. 1960)
  • 1887 – Le Corbusier, Swiss architect (d. 1965)
  • 1888 – Roland Garros, French pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1895 – Caroline Gordon, American writer and critic (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Stan Nichols, English cricketer (d. 1961)
  • 1903 – Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1905 – Helen Wills Moody, American tennis player (d. 1998)
  • 1906 – Janet Gaynor, American actress (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Carole Lombard, American actress (d. 1942)
  • 1908 – Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Barbara Castle, British politician (d. 2002)
  • 1912 – Pauline Gore, mother of American Vice President Al Gore (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Alice Timander, Swedish dentist (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Carolyn Goodman, American psychologist and civil rights activist (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – André Pilette, Belgian racing driver (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Lord Donaldson of Lymington, British judge (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Yevgeniy Landis, Russian mathematician (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Joe Frazier, American baseball player
  • 1925 – Shana Alexander, American columnist (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Bill King, American sports broadcaster (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (d. 2000)
  • 1930 – Richie Benaud, Australian cricketer
  • 1931 – Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, Russian astronomer (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Riccardo Giacconi, Italian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1935 – Bruno Sammartino, Italian strongman and professional wrestler
  • 1938 – Serge Nubret, French bodybuilder
  • 1939 – John LaFalce, American politician, former Member, US House of Representatives
  • 1942 – Britt Ekland, Swedish actress
  • 1942 – Millie Small, Jamaican singer
  • 1943 – Michael Durrell, American actor
  • 1943 – Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter
  • 1944 – José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1977)
  • 1946 – Lloyd Doggett, American politician
  • 1946 – Vinod Khanna, Indian actor
  • 1946 – Tony Greig, South African-born English cricketer
  • 1947 – Patxi Andión, Spanish singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Gerry Adams, Northern Irish politician
  • 1950 – David Brin, American author
  • 1950 – Thomas McClary, American guitarist (Commodores)
  • 1951 – Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (d. 1985)
  • 1951 – Kevin Cronin, American musician (REO Speedwagon)
  • 1952 – Ayten Mutlu, Turkish poet and writer
  • 1953 – Klaas Bruinsma, Dutch drug lord (d. 1991)
  • 1954 – David Hidalgo, American musician (Los Lobos, Latin Playboys)
  • 1955 – Tony Dungy, American football coach
  • 1959 – Brian Higgins, American politician, Member of US House of Representatives
  • 1959 – Dennis Ray Boyd, American baseball player
  • 1962 – Rich Yett, baseball player
  • 1963 – Elisabeth Shue, American film actress
  • 1963 – Chip Foose, American automobile customizer
  • 1963 – Jsu Garcia, American actor
  • 1964 – Matthew Sweet, American musician
  • 1965 – Ruben Sierra, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1966 – Niall Quinn, Irish footballer
  • 1966 – Jacqueline Obradors, American actress
  • 1967 – Kennet Andersson, former Swedish footballer
  • 1967 – Svend Karlsen, Norwegian strongman
  • 1969 – Troy Shaw, English snooker player
  • 1970 – Darren Oliver, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Amy Jo Johnson, American actress and singer
  • 1971 – Phil Bennett, British racing driver
  • 1971 – Lola Dueñas, Spanish actress
  • 1971 – Alan Stubbs, English footballer
  • 1972 – Mark Schwarzer, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – Ryu Shi-won, Korean actor and singer
  • 1973 – Sylvain Legwinski, French footballer
  • 1973 – Jeff Davis, American comedian
  • 1973 – Ioan Gruffudd, Welsh actor
  • 1973 – Rebecca Lobo, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Jeremy Sisto, American actor
  • 1974 – Walter Centeno, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1975 – Reon King, West Indian cricketer from Guyana
  • 1976 – Barbie Hsu, Taiwanese actress and singer
  • 1977 – Daniel Brière, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Vladimir Manchev, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1978 – Ricky Hatton, English boxer
  • 1979 – David Di Tommaso, French footballer (d. 2005)
  • 1980 – Abdoulaye Méïté, French footballer
  • 1981 – Zurab Khizanishvili, Georgian footballer
  • 1981 – José Luis Perlaza, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1982 – MC Lars, American hip-hop artist
  • 1982 – William Butler, Musician and member of Arcade Fire
  • 1984 – Joanna Pacitti, American actress and singer
  • 1986 – Mohammad Shukri, Malaysian cricketer
  • 1986 – Olivia Thirlby, American actress
  • 1988 – Maki Horikita, Japanese model and actress
  • 1992 – Rhyon Nicole Brown, American actress
  • 1995 – Jessica Lunsford, American kidnapping victim (d. 2005)
  • 1998 – Mia-Sophie Wellenbrink, German actress and singer

October 6 – Deaths:

  • 877 – Charles the Bald (b. 823)
  • 1014 – Samuil, Emperor (Tsar) of the First Bulgarian Empire (b. 958)
  • 1101 – Bruno of Cologne, German founder of the Carthusian order
  • 1413 – Dawit I, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1382)
  • 1542 – Thomas Wyatt, English poet (b. 1503)
  • 1641 – Matthijs Quast, Dutch explorer
  • 1644 – Elisabeth of Bourbon, wife of Philip IV of Spain (b. 1602)
  • 1660 – Paul Scarron, French writer
  • 1661 – Guru Har Rai, seventh Sikh Guru
  • 1688 – Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman (b. 1652)
  • 1762 – Francesco Manfredini, Italian composer (b. 1684)
  • 1819 – Charles Emmanuel IV, king of Sardinia (b. 1751)
  • 1829 – Pierre Derbigny, Governor of Louisiana (b. 1769)
  • 1873 – Sir Pawel Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist (b. 1797)
  • 1891 – Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish politician (b. 1846)
  • 1892 – Alfred Lord Tennyson, British poet (b. 1809)
  • 1912 – Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert, Belgian statesman and winner of the Nobel Peace  Prize (b.1829)
  • 1945 – Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician (b. 1900)
  • 1947 – Leevi Madetoja, Finnish composer (b. 1887)
  • 1951 – Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize  in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • 1951 – Will Keith Kellogg, American food manufacturer (Kellogg Company) (b. 1860)
  • 1959 – Bernard Berenson, American art historian (b. 1865)
  • 1962 – Tod Browning, American film director (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (b. 1917)
  • 1973 – François Cevert, French race car driver (b. 1944)
  • 1973 – Sidney Blackmer, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1974 – Helmuth Koinigg, Austrian Formula One driver (b. 1948)
  • 1976 – Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Hattie Jacques, British comedy actress (b. 1922)
  • 1980 – Jean Robic, French cyclist (b. 1921)
  • 1981 – Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (assassinated) (b.  1918)
  • 1983 – Terence Cardinal Cooke, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1921)
  • 1985 – Nelson Riddle, American bandleader (b. 1921)
  • 1986 – Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Bette Davis, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Denholm Elliott, English actor (b. 1922)
  • 1992 – Bill O’Reilly, Australian cricketer (b. 1902)
  • 1993 – Larry Walters, American “lawn chair” pilot (b. 1949)
  • 1997 – Johnny Vander Meer, American baseball player (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Mark Belanger, American baseball player (b. 1944)
  • 1999 – Amalia Rodrigues, Portuguese singer and actress (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Gorilla Monsoon, professional wrestler/commentator (b. 1937)
  • 2000 – Richard Farnsworth, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 2002 – Claus von Amsberg, Prince of the Netherlands and husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Timothy Treadwell, American environmentalist (b. 1957)
  • 2006 – Puck Brouwer, Dutch athlete (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Eduardo Mignogna, Argentinian film director (b. 1940)
  • 2006 – Buck O’Neil, American baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Wilson Tucker, American writer (b. 1914)
  • 2007 – Bud Ekins, American stuntman (b. 1930)

October 6-Holidays

  • Egypt – Armed Forces Day; commemorates the October war of 1973.
  • U.S. – German-American Day observed since 1987
  • Judaism – Fast of Gedalia (2005)
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