On This Day in History November 4

November 4-Events

  • 1333 – Flood of the ArnoRiver, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
  • 1501 – Catherine of Aragon (later Henry VIII’s wife) meets Arthur Tudor, Henry VIII’s older brother – they would later marry.
  • 1576 – Eighty Years’ War: In Flanders, Spain captures Antwerp (after three days the city was nearly destroyed).
  • 1677 – The future Mary II of England marries William, Prince of Orange. They would later be known as William and Mary.
  • 1737 – The Teatro di San Carlo is inaugurated.
  • 1783 – W.A. Mozart’s Symphony No. 36 is premiered in Linz, Austria.
  • 1825 – The Erie Canal is completed with Governor DeWitt Clinton performing the Wedding of The Waters ceremony in New YorkHarbour.
  • 1839 – The Newport Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain.
  • 1852 – Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy.
  • 1861 – The University of Washington opens in Seattle, Washington as the TerritorialUniversity.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Johnsonville – Confederate troops bombard a Union supply base and destroy millions of dollars in material.
  • 1889 – Menelek of Shoa obtains the allegiance of a large majority of the Ethiopian nobility, paving the way for him to be crowned emperor.
  • 1890 – City & South London Railway: London’s first deep-level tube railway opens between King William Street and Stockwell.
  • 1918 – World War I: Austria-Hungary surrenders to Italy.
  • 1918 – The German Revolution begins when 40,000 sailors take over the port in Kiel.
  • 1921 – The Sturmabteilung or SA is formally formed by Adolf Hitler
  • 1921 – Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo.
  • 1921 – Italian unknown soldier is buried in the Altare della Patria (Fatherland Altar) in Rome.
  • 1922 – In Egypt, British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to King Tutankhamun’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
  • 1924 – Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is elected as the first female governor in the  United States.
  • 1939 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the United States Customs Service to implement the Neutrality Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons by belligerents.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein – Disobeying a direct order by Adolf Hitler, General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel leads his forces on a five-month retreat.
  • 1945 – UNESCO is founded.
  • 1952 – The United States government establishes the National Security Agency.
  • 1955 – The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with Ludwig van Beethoven’s Fidelio after it was totally destroyed in World War II.
  • 1956 – Soviet troops enter Hungary to end the Hungarian revolution that started on October 23. Thousands are killed, more are wounded, and nearly a quarter million leave the country.
  • 1962 – In a test of the Nike-Hercules air defense missile, Shot Dominic-Tightrope is successfully detonated 69,000 feet above JohnstonIsland. It would also be the final atmospheric nuclear test ever conducted by the United States.
  • 1966 – Two-thirds of Florence, Italy is submerged as the Arno rivers flood; considering also the contemporary flood of Po River in northern Italy, 113 people die, 30,000 are rendered homeless, and numerous Renaissance artworks and books are destroyed.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization – The United States turns control of the Binh Thuy Air Base in the Mekong Delta over to South Vietnam.
  • 1970 – Genie, a 13 year old feral child was found in Los Angeles, California having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life.
  • 1973 – The Netherlands experiences the first Car Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are deserted and are solely used by cyclists and roller skaters.
  • 1979 – Iran hostage crisis begins: Iranian people, mostly students, invade the United States embassy in Tehran and take 90 hostages (53 of whom are American).
  • 1986 – Chief Justice Rose Bird and two colleagues are removed by the electorate from the Supreme Court of California for their opposition to capital punishment.
  • 1989 – The congress of the Solidarity Party is inaugurated in Sweden. The congress decides, contrary to the proposal of the central committee, not to disband the party.
  • 1993 – Bolivia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1993 – A series of fires destroy 1000 homes in southern California, causing between 500 million and 1 billion USD of damage. Half of the fires turn out to be arson.
  • 1993 – A China Airlines Boeing 747 overran Runway 13 at Hong Kong’s KaiTakInternationalAirport while landing during a typhoon, injuring 22 people.
  • 1994 – San Francisco: First conference that focuses exclusively on the subject of the commercial potential of the World Wide Web.
  • 1995 – Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by an extreme right-wing Israeli.
  • 2002 – Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress
  • 2003 – The most powerful solar flare as observed by satellite instrumentation is recorded.
  • 2003 – Former HealthSouth CEO Richard Scrushy becomes the first person indicted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. He was eventually acquitted.
  • 2004 – 12 French soldiers, 3 UN personnel and hundreds of civilians die during the Côte d’Ivoire civil war.

November 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1448 – King Alphonso II of Naples (d. 1495)
  • 1470 – King Edward V of England, one of the two princes in the Tower
  • 1575 – Guido Reni, Italian painter (d. 1642)
  • 1631 – Mary of Orange, eldest daughter of Charles I of England and mother of William III of England (d. 1660)
  • 1661 – Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (d. 1742)
  • 1740 – Augustus Montague Toplady, English author of hymn “Rock of Ages” (d. 1778)
  • 1765 – Pierre Girard, French mathematician (d. 1836)
  • 1809 – Benjamin Robbins Curtis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1874)
  • 1816 – Stephen Johnson Field, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1899)
  • 1836 – Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman (d. 1912)
  • 1845 – Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, The First Indian Revolutionary (d. 1883)
  • 1868 – Carolina Otero, a.k.a La Belle Otero, Spanish actress, singer and courtesan (d. 1965)
  • 1874 – Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (d. 1920)
  • 1879 – Will Rogers, American humorist (d. 1935)
  • 1883 – Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek general (d. 1953)
  • 1884 – Harry Ferguson, Northern Irish aviator and inventor (d. 1960)
  • 1890 – Alfred Henschke, ps. Klabund, German writer and poet (d. 1928)
  • 1899 – Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgish cyclist (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Lucretiu Patrascanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
  • 1901 – Princess Bang-ja of Korea (d. 1989)
  • 1901 – Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Tadeusz Zylinski, Polish technician and textilist (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Józef Rotblat, Polish physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1908 – Stanley Cortez, American cinematographer (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Bert Patenaude, American soccer player (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Vadim Salmanov, Russian composer (d. 1978)
  • 1913 – Gig Young, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1916 – Walter Cronkite, American news broadcaster
  • 1918 – Art Carney, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Cameron Mitchell, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – Martin Balsam, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Benno Besson, Swiss actor (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Freddy Heineken, Dutch businessman (d. 2002)
  • 1924 – Howie Meeker, Canadian ice hockey player and politician
  • 1930 – Doris Roberts, American actress
  • 1930 – Dick Groat, American baseball player
  • 1932 – Thomas Klestil, President of Austria (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Tito Francona, American baseball player
  • 1936 – C. K. Williams, American poet
  • 1937 – Loretta Swit, American actress
  • 1937 – Michael Wilson, Canadian politician
  • 1940 – Delbert McClinton, American musician
  • 1943 – Marlène Jobert, French actress
  • 1943 – Clark Graebner, American tennis player
  • 1943 – Bob Wollek, French race car driver (d. 2001)
  • 1944 – Scherrie Payne, American singer (The Supremes)
  • 1944 – Linda Gary, American voice actress (d. 1995)
  • 1946 – Laura Bush, First Lady of the United States
  • 1946 – Frederick Elmes, American cinematographer
  • 1946 – Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer (d. 1989)
  • 1950 – Charles Frazier, American author
  • 1950 – Markie Post, American actress
  • 1951 – Traian Basescu, President of Romania
  • 1951 – Cosey Fanni Tutti, English performance artist (Throbbing Gristle, Chris and Cosey)
  • 1953 – Carlos Gutierrez, American politician
  • 1953 – Jacques Villeneuve (elder), Canadian racing driver
  • 1953 – Dr. Marvel Williamson, American educator
  • 1954 – Chris Difford, English musician and songwriter
  • 1955 – Matti Vanhanen, Prime Minister of Finland
  • 1956 – Jordan Rudess, American musician (Dream Theater)
  • 1956 – James Honeyman-Scott, English guitarist (The Pretenders) (d. 1982)
  • 1958 – Anne Sweeney, American television executive
  • 1960 – Marc Awodey, American artist and writer
  • 1960 – Frl. Menke, German pop singer of the Neue Deutsche Welle
  • 1961 – Kathy Griffin, American comedian
  • 1961 – Daron Hagen, American composer
  • 1961 – Edward Knight, American composer
  • 1961 – Ralph Macchio, American actor
  • 1961 – Les Sampou, American musician
  • 1961 – Nigel Worthington, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1962 – Jeff Probst, American television host
  • 1963 – Marc Déry, Canadian singer and guitarist (Zébulon)
  • 1963 – Rosario Flores, Spanish singer and actress
  • 1963 – Michel Therrien, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1965 – Malandra Burrows, English actress and singer
  • 1965 – Tomoaki Ishizuka “Pata”, Japanese musician
  • 1965 – Jeff Scott Soto, American musician (Yngwie Malmsteen Journey)
  • 1965 – Wayne Static, American musician (Static-X)
  • 1966 – H. John Heinz IV, American medieval armor craftsman; son of Teresa Heinz
  • 1967 – Eric Karros, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Carlos Baerga, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1969 – Sean “Diddy” Combs, American rapper
  • 1969 – Matthew McConaughey, American actor
  • 1970 – Tim DeBoom, American triathlete
  • 1972 – Luís Figo, Portuguese footballer
  • 1972 – Tabassum Hashmi, Indian actress
  • 1974 – Cedric Bixler-Zavala, American musician (At the Drive-In, The Mars Volta)
  • 1975 – Eric Fichaud, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Eduard Kokcharov, Russian handball player
  • 1975 – Curtis Stone, Australian chef and television personality
  • 1975 – Heather Tom, American actress
  • 1976 – Bruno Junqueira, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1976 – Mario Melchiot, Dutch footballer
  • 1977 – Larry Bigbie, American baseball player
  • 1977 – So Ji-sub, South Korean swimmer, model and actor
  • 1977 – Tonicha Jeronimo, British actress
  • 1978 – Carmen Cali, American baseball player
  • 1978 – John Grabow, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Jesse Camp, former MTV veejay
  • 1979 – Trishelle Cannatella, American reality tv castmember and model
  • 1979 – Audrey Hollander, American pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Sabrina Colie, Jamaican Actress
  • 1980 – Jerry Collins, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1980 – Richard Owens, American football player
  • 1980 – Marcy Rylan, American actress
  • 1982 – Devin Hester, American football player
  • 1985 – Marcell Jansen, German footballer
  • 1986 – Alexz Johnson, Canadian singer and actress
  • 1986 – Adrian Zaugg, South African racing driver

November 4 – Deaths:

  • 1254 – John III Ducas Vatatzes, Emperor of the Nicaea (b. circa 1192).
  • 1411 – Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxonia (b. 1384)
  • 1652 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Flemish mathematician (b. 1597)
  • 1669 – Johannes Cocceius, Dutch theologian (b. 1603)
  • 1698 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician and mathematician (b. 1625)
  • 1702 – John Benbow, English admiral (b. 1653)
  • 1704 – Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (b. 1654)
  • 1781 – Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (b. 1721)
  • 1801 – William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1712)
  • 1847 – Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (b. 1809)
  • 1856 – Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter (b. 1797)
  • 1893 – Pierre Tirard, French politician (b. 1827)
  • 1906 – John H. Ketcham, American politician (b. 1832)
  • 1918 – Wilfred Owen, English poet (b. 1893)
  • 1924 – Gabriel Fauré, French composer (b. 1845)
  • 1924 – Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1843)
  • 1928 – Arnold Rothstein, American gambler (b. 1882)
  • 1930 – Buddy Bolden, American musician (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Grover Cleveland Alexander, American baseball player (b. 1887)
  • 1955 – Cy Young, American baseball player (b. 1867)
  • 1957 – Shoghi Effendi, Guardian of the Bahá’í Faith (b. 1897)
  • 1968 – Michel Kikoine, Belarusian painter (b. 1892)
  • 1969 – Carlos Marighella, Brazilian politician (b. 1911)
  • 1974 – Bert Patenaude, American soccer player (b. 1909)
  • 1980 – Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Dominique Dunne, American actress (b. 1959)
  • 1986 – Kurt Hirsch, German mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Shaike Ophir, Israeli actor (b. 1929)
  • 1994 – Fred Sonic Smith, American guitar player MC5 (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli prime minister; recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1922)
  • 1995 – Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher (b. 1925)
  • 1997 – H. Richard Hornberger, American writer (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Malcolm Marshall, Barbadian West Indies cricketer (b. 1958)
  • 2003 – Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Ken Gampu, South African actor (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Nadia Anjuman, Afghan poet and journalist (b. 1980)
  • 2005 – Sheree North, American actress and singer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American memoirist (Cheaper by the Dozen) (b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Frank Arthur Calder, Canadian politician (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Peter Viertel, German-American author and screenwriter (b. 1920)

November 4-Holidays

  • Italy – celebration of victory in World War I, Armed Forces Day
  • Panama – Flag Day
  • Roman Catholic Saints – Feast day of the following Roman Catholic saints:
    • St. Charles Borromeo
    • St. Emeric
    • St. Vitalis
  • Roman festivals – start of the Ludi Plebeii
  • Russia – Day of People’s Unity (or National Unity Day)
  • Russian Orthodox Church – Feast of Our Lady of Kazan
  • Tonga – National Day

 

 

 

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s