On This Day in History December 11

December 11 – Events:

  • 359 – Honoratus, the first known Prefect of the City of Constantinople, takes office.
  • 1282 – Llywelyn the Last (b. c.1228), the last native Prince of Wales, is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, south Wales.
  • 1602 – A surprise attack by forces under the command of the Duke of Savoy and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain, is repelled by the citizens of Geneva. Commemorations / celebrations on Fête de l’Escalade are usually held on December 11 or the closest weekend.
  • 1792 – French Revolution: King Louis XVI of France is put on trial for treason by the National Convention.
  • 1816 – Indiana becomes the 19th U.S. state.
  • 1872 – P.B.S. Pinchback becomes the first black member of the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • 1907 – New Zealand Parliament Buildings almost completely destroyed by fire.
  • 1917 – British troops take Jerusalem from the troops of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1925 – Quas Primas encyclical is promulgated, introducing the Feast of Christ the King.
  • 1927 – Guangzhou Uprising: Communist militia and worker red guards launch an uprising in the Chinese city of Guangzhou, taking over most of the city and announcing the formation of a Guangzhou Soviet.
  • 1931 – The British Parliament enacts the Statute of Westminster, establishing legislative equality between the self-governing dominions of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, the Irish Free State, Dominion of Newfoundland, the Dominion of New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa.
  • 1936 – Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII’s abdication as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India becomes effective.
  • 1937 – Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations.
  • 1941 – World War II: Germany and Italy declare war on the United States.
  • 1946 – The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is established.
  • 1958 – Upper Volta gains self-government from France, and becomes an autonomous republic in the French Community.
  • 1960 – A violent clash occurred with French forces cracking down on protesters in French Algeria during a visit by French president Charles de Gaulle.
  • 1964 – Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City. An unknown terrorist fires a mortar shell at the building during the speech.
  • 1971 – The Libertarian Party of the United States is formed.
  • 1972 – Apollo 17 becomes the sixth mission to land on the Moon.
  • 1980 – The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (known as either CERCLA or Superfund) is enacted by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1981 – El Mozote massacre: Salvadoran armed forces kill an estimated 900 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign during the country’s civil war.
  • 1993 – Forty-eight people are killed when a block of the Highland Towers collapses near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • 1994 – First Chechen War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders Russian troops into Chechnya.
  • 1997 – The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change opens for signature.
  • 1998 – A Thai Airways Airbus A310-200 crashes near Surat Thani Airport, killing 101.
  • 2001 – The People’s Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization.
  • 2005 – The Buncefield Oil Depot in Hemel Hempstead is rocked by explosions, causing a huge oil fire.
  • 2005 – Cronulla riots: Thousands of White Australians demonstrate against ethnic violence resulting in a riot against anyone thought to be Lebanese (and many who were not) in Cronulla Sydney. These are followed up by ethnic attacks on Cronulla.
  • 2006 – The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust is opened in Tehran, Iran by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a Holocaust denier.
  • 2007 – Two car bombs go off at the Constitutional Court building in Algiers and the United Nations office. An estimated 45 people are killed in the bombings.

December 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1465 – Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (d. 1489)
  • 1475 – Pope Leo X (d. 1521)
  • 1566 – Manuel Cardoso, Portuguese composer (d. 1650)
  • 1680 – Emanuele d’Astorga, Italian composer (d. 1736)
  • 1709 – Louise Elisabeth of Orléans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1742)
  • 1712 – Francesco Algarotti, Italian philosopher (d. 1764)
  • 1725 – George Mason, American statesman (d. 1792)
  • 1761 – Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (d. 1835)
  • 1781 – Sir David Brewster, Scottish physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1801 – Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German writer (d. 1836)
  • 1803 – Hector Berlioz, French composer (d. 1869)
  • 1810 – Alfred de Musset, French poet (d. 1857)
  • 1830 – Kamehameha V, Hawaiian king (d. 1872 on his birthday)
  • 1838 – John Labatt, Irish-Canadian brewer (d. 1915)
  • 1843 – Robert Koch, German bacteriologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1910)
  • 1856 – Georgi Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary and Marxist theoretician (d. 1918)
  • 1858 – Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian theatre director (d. 1943)
  • 1863 – Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (d. 1941)
  • 1873 – Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1880 – Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer (d. 1951)
  • 1882 – Subramanya Bharathy, Indian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1882 – Max Born, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1882 – Fiorello LaGuardia, American statesman (d. 1947)
  • 1883 – Victor McLaglen, English-born American actor (d. 1959)
  • 1889 – Walter Knott, American farmer (d. 1981)
  • 1890 – Carlos Gardel, tango singer (d. 1935)
  • 1890 – Mark Tobey, American painter (d. 1976)
  • 1905 – Robert Henriques, English writer (d. 1967)
  • 1905 – Gilbert Roland, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1908 – Elliott Carter, American composer
  • 1909 – John Wyer, English sports car racing team manager (d.1989)
  • 1910 – Noel Rosa, Brazilian songwriter (d. 1937)
  • 1911 – Val Guest, English film director (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1912 – Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Jean Marais, French actor (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban-born bandleader (d. 1989)
  • 1918 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1919 – Marie Windsor, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Grigoris Bithikotsis, Greek singer (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Dilip Kumar, Indian actor
  • 1922 – Grace Paley, American writer (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Betsy Blair, American actress
  • 1925 – Paul Greengard, American neuroscientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1926 – Big Mama Thornton, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1927 – John Buscema, American comics artist (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Chus Lampreave, Spanish actress
  • 1930 – Jean-Louis Trintignant, French actor
  • 1931 – Rita Moreno, Puerto Rican actress
  • 1931 – Pierre Pilote, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1931 – Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Indian guru (d. 1990)
  • 1932 – Anne Heywood, English actress
  • 1933 – Aquilino Pimentel, Jr., Filipino politician
  • 1935 – Ron Carey, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1935 – Pranab Mukherjee, Indian politician
  • 1935 – Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
  • 1936 – Taku Yamasaki, Japanese politician
  • 1937 – Jim Harrison, American writer
  • 1938 – Enrico Macias, Algerian-born French singer
  • 1938 – McCoy Tyner, American jazz pianist
  • 1939 – Tom Hayden, American politician and activist
  • 1939 – Thomas McGuane, American writer
  • 1940 – David Gates, American musician (Bread)
  • 1941 – Jean-Paul Parise, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1942 – Donna Mills, American actress
  • 1943 – John Kerry, American politician
  • 1944 – Teri Garr, American film actress
  • 1944 – Jon Garrison, American tenor
  • 1944 – Lynda Day George, American actress
  • 1944 – Brenda Lee, American singer
  • 1948 – Stamatis Spanoudakis, Greek composer
  • 1950 – Christina Onassis, American heiress (d. 1988)
  • 1953 – Bess Armstrong, American actress
  • 1954 – Jermaine Jackson, American singer
  • 1954 – Guðlaugur Kristinn Óttarsson, Icelandic engineer
  • 1956 – Lani Brockman, Playwright
  • 1958 – Nikki Sixx, American musician (Mötley Crüe)
  • 1959 – Lisa Gastineau, American reality show star
  • 1961 – Marco Pierre White, English chef and restaurateur
  • 1962 – Ben Browder, American actor
  • 1962 – Paul Haslinger, Austrian-born composer
  • 1962 – Nele Karajlic, Bosnian singer
  • 1963 – Jon Brion, American musician/record producer
  • 1964 – Michel Courtemanche, Quebec comedian
  • 1964 – John Mark Karr, American who claimed involvement in JonBenét Ramsey case
  • 1964 – David Schools, American musician (Widespread Panic)
  • 1964 – Cosy Sheridan, American singer
  • 1964 – Carolyn Waldo, Canadian synchronized swimmer
  • 1966 – Gary Dourdan, American actor
  • 1966 – Leon Lai, Cantonese singer/actor
  • 1967 – Mo’Nique, American actress/comedienne
  • 1967 – DJ Yella, American DJ and music producer (N.W.A)
  • 1969 – Vishwanathan Anand, Indian chess grandmaster
  • 1969 – Stig Inge Bjørnebye, Norwegian footballer
  • 1969 – Sean Grande, American sportscaster
  • 1972 – Daniel Alfredsson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Sami Al-Jaber, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1972 – Dana Macsim, Romanian television news reporter
  • 1973 – Mos Def, American rapper and actor
  • 1974 – Rey Mysterio, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Ben Shephard, English TV personality
  • 1975 – Gerben de Knegt, Dutch cyclist
  • 1975 – Tomoka Kurotani, Japanese actress
  • 1976 – Shareef Abdur-Rahim, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Mark Streit, Swiss ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Rider Strong, American actor
  • 1980 – Arya, Indian actor
  • 1981 – Nikki Benz, Ukraine-born Canadian pornographic actress
  • 1981 – Hamish Blake, Australian comedian
  • 1981 – Paul Medhurst, Australian rules footballer
  • 1981 – Javier Saviola, Argentine footballer
  • 1981 – Zacky Vengeance, American musician (Avenged Sevenfold)
  • 1982 – Pablo Pérez Companc, Argentine racing driver
  • 1984 – Leighton Baines, English footballer
  • 1987 – Natalia Gordienko, Moldovan singer and dancer
  • 1988 – Murugan Thiruchelvam, English chess prodigy
  • 1993 – Gina Miele, American singer and actress.

December 11 – Deaths:

  • 384 – Pope Damasus I
  • 1121 – Al-Afdal Shahanshah, Caliph of Egypt (b. 1066)
  • 1226 – Robert de Ros, English politician (b. 1177)
  • 1282 – Llywelyn the Last, Prince of Gwynedd
  • 1282 – Michael VIII Palaiologos, Greek Byzantine Emperor (b. 1225)
  • 1532 – Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1455)
  • 1582 – Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1508)
  • 1694 – Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma (b. 1630)
  • 1737 – John Strype, English historian (b. 1643)
  • 1747 – Edmund Curll, English bookseller (b. ca. 1675)
  • 1797 – Richard Brocklesby, English physician (b. 1722)
  • 1840 – Emperor Kokaku of Japan (b. 1771)
  • 1872 – Kamehameha V, Hawaiian king (b. 1830)
  • 1880 – Oliver Fisher Winchester, American businessman and politician (b. 1810)
  • 1892 – William Milligan, Scottish theologian (b. 1821)
  • 1909 – Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (b. 1855)
  • 1918 – Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer (b. 1876)
  • 1920 – Olive Schreiner, South African writer (b. 1855)
  • 1938 – Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1869)
  • 1941 – John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (b. 1922)
  • 1941 – Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician (b. 1856)
  • 1945 – Charles Fabry, French physicist (b. 1867)
  • 1950 – Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1893)
  • 1957 – Musidora (Jeanne Roques), French actress (b. 1889)
  • 1959 – Jim Bottomley, American baseball player (b. 1900)
  • 1964 – Sam Cooke, American singer (b. 1931)
  • 1964 – Percy Kilbride, American actor (b. 1888)
  • 1971 – Maurice “Mac” McDonald, American fast-food pioneer (b. 1902)
  • 1975 – Lee Wiley, American jazz singer (b. 1908)
  • 1978 – Vincent du Vigneaud, American chemist and Nobel laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1978 – Paul O’Dea, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 1979 – James J. Gibson, American perceptual psychologist (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Sir Neil Ritchie, British General (b. 1897)
  • 1984 – Oskar Seidlin, German-born American scholar (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (b. 1923)
  • 1989 – Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American photographer (b. 1895)
  • 1991 – Robert Q. Lewis, American game show host and actor (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Artur Lundkvist, Swedish author and critic (b. 1906)
  • 1992 – Michael Robbins, English actor (b. 1930)
  • 1993 – Elvira Popescu, Romanian-born French actress (b. 1894)
  • 1994 – Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (b. 1900)
  • 1995 – Arthur Mullard, English comedy actor (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Willie Rushton, English cartoonist, satirist, comedian, actor, performer and cofounder of the Private Eye satirical magazine. (b. 1937)
  • 1998 – André Lichnerowicz, Polish-French physicist (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Lynn Strait, American singer (Snot) (b. 1968)
  • 2000 – Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – David Lewis, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian writer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – José Luis Cuciuffo, Argentinian footballer (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand running coach (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – M.S. Subbulakshmi, Indian singer (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Elizabeth Bolden, American, oldest verified person in the world at the time of her death (b. 1890)
  • 2007 – Christie Hennessy, Irish singer (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – Grace Paley, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Ashleigh Aston Moore, Canadian Actress (b. 1981)

December 11 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – One of the four Agonalia, this day in honour of Sol Indiges; also the Septimontium festival
  • R.C. Saints – Pope Damasus I: optional memorial; Victoricus, Fuscian, and Gentian
  • Argentina – Tango Day, Buenos Aires
  • Burkina Faso – Republic Day (1958, Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community.)
  • USA – Admission day for Indiana (19th state, 1816)
  • USA – Governor Ralph Carr Day, Colorado’s State Holiday since 2002
  • Wales – Remembrance Day of Llywelyn II
  • Philippines – Pampanga Day, local official holiday
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s