On This Day in History December 27

December 27 – Events:

  • 537 – The Hagia Sophia is completed.
  • 1512 – The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regards to native Indians in the New World.
  • 1657 – The Flushing Remonstrance is signed.
  • 1703 – Portugal and England sign the Methuen Treaty which gives preference to Portuguese imported wines into England.
  • 1814 – Destruction of schooner Carolina, the last of Commodore Daniel Patterson’s make-shift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson’s victory at the Battle of New Orleans.
  • 1825 – First public railroad using steam locomotive completed in England.
  • 1831 – Charles Darwin embarks on his journey aboard the HMS Beagle, during which he will begin to formulate the theory of evolution.
  • 1836 – The worst ever avalanche in England occurs at Lewes, Sussex, killing 8 people.
  • 1845 – Ether anesthetic is used for childbirth for the first time by Dr. Crawford Williamson Long in Jefferson, Georgia.
  • 1918 – The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.
  • 1923 – Namba Daisuke, a Japanese student, tries to assassinate the Prince Regent Hirohito.
  • 1927 – Stalin’s faction wins All-Union Congress in USSR; Trotsky expelled.
  • 1932 – Radio City Music Hall opens.
  • 1939 – Erzincan, Turkey was hit by an earthquake, estimated 40,000 die.
  • 1945 – The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations.
  • 1947 – First “Howdy Doody Show” telecast on NBC.
  • 1949 – Indonesian National Revolution: The Netherlands officially recognizes Indonesian independence.
  • 1959 – Baltimore Colts beat NY Giants 31-16 in NFL Championship game.
  • 1968 – Apollo Program: Apollo 8 splashes down in the Pacific Ocean, ending the first manned mission to the Moon.
  • 1978 – Spain becomes a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship.
  • 1979 – The Soviet Union seizes control of Afghanistan and Babrak Karmal replaces overthrown and executed President Hafizullah Amin.
  • 1983 – Propane gas fire devastates 16 city blocks of Buffalo, NY.
  • 1988 – Bulgaria stops jamming Radio Free Europe after more than three decades.
  • 1985 – Palestinian guerrillas kill eighteen people inside Rome and Vienna airports.
  • 1996 – Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram air base which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul.
  • 1997 – Protestant paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland.
  • 2001 – The People’s Republic of China is granted permanent normal trade relations with the United States.
  • 2002 – Two truck bombs kill 72 and wound 200 at the pro-Moscow headquarters of the Chechen government in Grozny, Chechnya.
  • 2007 – Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated by a suicide bomber.

December 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1390 – Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (d. 1411)
  • 1571 – Johannes Kepler, German astronomer (d. 1630)
  • 1654 – Jacob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1705)
  • 1683 – Conyers Middleton, English minister (d. 1750)
  • 1715 – Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (d. 1794)
  • 1717 – Pope Pius VI (d. 1799)
  • 1721 – François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher (d. 1790)
  • 1773 – George Cayley, English scientist, inventor, and politician (d. 1857)
  • 1776 – Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1811)
  • 1796 – Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (d. 1869)
  • 1803 – François-Marie-Thomas Chevalier de Lorimier, French Canadian Patriote (d. 1839)
  • 1822 – Louis Pasteur, French scientist (d. 1895)
  • 1823 – Sir Mackenzie Bowell, fifth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and patron of art (d. 1897)
  • 1864 – René Georges Hermann-Paul, French artist (d. 1940)
  • 1879 – Sydney Greenstreet, English actor (d. 1954)
  • 1883 – Cyrus S. Eaton, Canadian-American financier, industrialist and philanthropist (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – Thea von Harbou, German author and actress (d. 1954)
  • 1892 – Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (d. 1917)
  • 1896 – Carl Zuckmayer, German author and dramatist (d. 1977)
  • 1896 – Louis Bromfield, American writer (d. 1956)
  • 1896 – Maurice De Waele, Belgian cyclist (d. 1952)
  • 1900 – Hans Stuck, German race car driver (d. 1978)
  • 1901 – Marlene Dietrich, German actress and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1901 – Irene Handl, English actress (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Oscar Levant, American pianist, composer, and actor (d. 1972)
  • 1907 – Sebastian Haffner, German journalist and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1907 – Conrad L. Raiford, Goodwill Ambassador (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – Willem van Otterloo, Dutch conductor and composer (d. 1978)
  • 1910 – Charles Olson, American poet (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Mary Kornman, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1915 – William Masters, American gynecologist (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Gyula Zsengellér, Hungarian footballer (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (d. 1953)
  • 1917 – Onni Palaste, Finnish writer
  • 1918 – John Celardo, American comic strip artist
  • 1920 – Bruce Hobbs, American jockey (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Michel Piccoli, French actor
  • 1926 – Jerome Courtland, American actor, director and producer
  • 1927 – Antony Gardner, British politician
  • 1927 – Agnes Nixon, American television producer, director, and writer
  • 1930 – Wilfrid Sheed, English-born American writer
  • 1931 – Scotty Moore, American guitarist
  • 1934 – Larissa Latynina, Russian gymnast
  • 1939 – John Amos, American actor
  • 1941 – Michael Pinder, British musician (Moody Blues)
  • 1941 – Nolan Richardson, American basketball coach
  • 1942 – Byron Browne, baseball player
  • 1942 – Charmian Carr, American actress
  • 1943 – Cokie Roberts, American journalist
  • 1943 – Joan Manuel Serrat, Spanish musician
  • 1943 – Peter Sinfield, British lyricist and producer
  • 1944 – Barry Elliot British actor
  • 1944 – Mick Jones, British musician (Foreigner)
  • 1946 – Janet Street-Porter, British journalist, producer and presenter
  • 1947 – Tracy Nelson, American blues singer
  • 1947 – Mickey Redmond, National Hockey League player
  • 1947 – Janet Perry, American soprano
  • 1947 – Bill Eadie, professional wrestler known as “Ax” of Demolition
  • 1948 – Gérard Depardieu, French actor
  • 1950 – Roberto Bettega, Italian footballer
  • 1950 – Terry Bozzio, American drummer (Missing Persons)
  • 1951 – Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico
  • 1952 – Karla Bonoff, American singer and songwriter
  • 1952 – Tovah Feldshuh, American actress
  • 1952 – Jay Hill, Canadian politician
  • 1952 – David Knopfler, British musician (Dire Straits)
  • 1955 – Barbara Olson, American political commentator (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Brad Murphey, Australian racing driver
  • 1959 – Gerina Dunwich, American author
  • 1959 – Andre Tippett, American football player
  • 1960 – Maryam d’Abo, British actress
  • 1960 – Victoria Paige Meyerink, American actress and producer
  • 1960 – Donald Nally, American choral conductor
  • 1962 – Barbara Crampton, American actress
  • 1962 – Mark Few, American basketball coach
  • 1962 – Bill Self, American basketball coach
  • 1962 – Sherri Steinhauer, American golfer
  • 1963 – Gaspar Noé, Argentinian-born director
  • 1964 – Ian Gomez, American actor
  • 1964 – Theresa Randle, American actress
  • 1965 – Salman Khan, Indian actor
  • 1965 – Chris Mainwaring, Australian rules footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1966 – Wendy Coakley-Thompson, American writer
  • 1966 – Eva LaRue, American actress
  • 1966 – Bill Goldberg, American football player and professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Fabian Núñez, American politician
  • 1969 – Jean-Christophe Boullion, French race car driver
  • 1969 – Chyna, American professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Sarah Vowell, American author and journalist
  • 1970 – Brendon Cook, Australian racing driver
  • 1970 – Lorenzo Neal, American football player
  • 1971 – Duncan Ferguson, Scottish footballer
  • 1971 – Bryan Smolinski, American ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Thomas Wilson Brown, American actor
  • 1972 – Colin Charvis, Welsh rugby union player
  • 1972 – Matt Slocum, American musician (Sixpence None the Richer)
  • 1973 – Kristoffer Zegers, Dutch composer
  • 1973 – Wilson Cruz, Puerto Rican actor
  • 1973 – Dee Ferris, British painter
  • 1974 – Masi Oka, Japanese-American actor
  • 1974 – Jay Pandolfo, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Heather O’Rourke, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1976 – Fernando Pisani, Canadian/Italian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Aaron Stanford, American actor
  • 1977 – Jacqueline Pillon, Canadian actress
  • 1979 – David Dunn, English footballer
  • 1979 – Carson Palmer, American football player
  • 1980 – Claudio Castagnoli, Swiss wrestler
  • 1980 – Cas Haley, American singer and guitarist
  • 1981 – Emilie de Ravin, Australian actress
  • 1981 – Javine, British singer
  • 1982 – James Mead, American guitarist (Kutless)
  • 1982 – Terji Skibenæs, Faroese guitarist, (Týr)
  • 1983 – Cole Hamels, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Gilles Simon, French tennis player
  • 1985 – Paul Stastny, Canadian-American ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Rick Porcello, American baseball player

December 27 – Deaths:

  • 418 – Zosimus, Greek pope
  • 1076 – Prince Svyatoslav II of Kiev (b. 1027)
  • 1381 – Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, English politician
  • 1548 – Francesco Spiera, Italian Protestant jurist (b. 1502)
  • 1603 – Thomas Cartwright, English Puritan clergyman
  • 1707 – Jean Mabillon, French palaeograopher and diplomat (b. 1632)
  • 1737 – William Bowyer, English printer (b. 1663)
  • 1743 – Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (b. 1659)
  • 1771 – Henri Pitot, French engineer (b. 1695)
  • 1782 – Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)
  • 1800 – Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (b. 1718)
  • 1812 – Shneur Zalman of Liadi, Lithuanian rabbi and founder of Chabad Hasidism (b. 1745)
  • 1812 – Joanna Southcott, an English self-described religious prophetess.
  • 1834 – Charles Lamb, English essayist (b. 1775)
  • 1836 – Stephen F. Austin, American pioneer (b. 1793)
  • 1858 – Alexandre Pierre François Boëly, French composer (b. 1785)
  • 1896 – John Brown, British manufacturer (b. 1816)
  • 1900 – William George Armstrong, English inventor, industrialist, and engineer (b. 1810)
  • 1914 – Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and inventor (b. 1863)
  • 1923 – Gustave Eiffel, French engineer and architect (b. 1832)
  • 1925 – Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (b. 1895)
  • 1938 – Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (b. 1889)
  • 1938 – Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet (b. 1891)
  • 1950 – Max Beckmann, German painter (b. 1884)
  • 1952 – Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (b. 1878)
  • 1953 – Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (b. 1894)
  • 1955 – Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, English soldier (b. 1881)
  • 1956 – Lambert McKenna, Irish editor and lexicographer. (b. 1870)
  • 1965 – Edgar Ende, German painter (b. 1901)
  • 1966 – Guillermo Stábile, Argentine footballer (b. 1906)
  • 1972 – Lester B. Pearson, fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada, recipient of the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1897)
  • 1974 – Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Russian physicist (b. 1898)
  • 1978 – Bob Luman, American country and rockabilly singer (b. 1937)
  • 1978 – Houari Boumédienne, President of Algeria (b. 1932)
  • 1979 – Hafizullah Amin, second President of Afghanistan (b. 1929)
  • 1981 – Hoagy Carmichael, American composer and singer (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – John Swigert, American astronaut (b. 1931)
  • 1987 – Geoffrey D Lloyd, Chairman of the guild of British Newspaper editors (b. 1933)
  • 1988 – Hal Ashby, American film director (b. 1929)
  • 1992 – Kay Boyle, American writer (b. 1902)
  • 1993 – André Pilette, Belgian racing driver (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Fanny Cradock, English food writer and broadcaster (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Shura Cherkassky, Ukrainian classical pianist (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Brendan Gill, American columnist and humorist (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Billy Wright, Irish Protestant paramilitary leader (b. 1960)
  • 2002 – George Roy Hill, American film director (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Alan Bates, English actor (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Iván Calderón, Puerto Rican baseball player (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Hank Garland, American musician (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – William Doody, Canadian politician (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan (assassinated) (b. 1953)
  • 2007 – Jerzy Kawalerowicz, Polish film director (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (b. 1920)

December 27 – Holidays:

  • R.C. Saints – John the Apostle and Evangelist; Nicarete, an early Byzantine female physician.
  • St. Stephen’s Day among Orthodox Churches; a public holiday in Romania.
  • Boxing Day in the Commonwealth of Nations but only when 26 December is a Sunday and by Royal Proclamation.
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