On This Day in History December 29

December 29 – Events:

  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: 3,500 British soldiers under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell captures Savannah, Georgia without firing a shot.
  • 1786 – French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convoked.
  • 1812 – The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle.
  • 1813 – British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York during the War of 1812.
  • 1835 – The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.
  • 1845 – Texas is admitted as the 28th U.S. state.
  • 1848 – Gas lights first installed in the White House.
  • 1851 – The first American YMCA opens in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1860 – The first British seagoing iron-clad warship, HMS Warrior is launched.
  • 1867 – First telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck & Company, New York
  • 1876 – The Ashtabula River Railroad bridge disaster occurs, leaving 64 injured and 92 dead at Ashtabula, Ohio.
  • 1890 – United States soldiers clash with members of the Great Sioux Nation in the Wounded Knee Massacre.
  • 1911 – Sun Yat-sen becomes the first President of the Republic of China.
  • 1911 – Mongolia gains independence from the Qing dynasty.
  • 1930 – Sir Muhammad Iqbal’s presidential address in Allahabad introduces the Two-Nation Theory and outlines a vision for the creation of Pakistan.
  • 1934 – Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
  • 1937 – The Irish Free State is replaced by a new state called Ireland with the adoption of a new constitution.
  • 1939 – First flight of the Consolidated B-24.
  • 1940 – World War II: In The Second Great Fire of London, the Luftwaffe firebombs London, killing almost 200 civilians.
  • 1949 – KC2XAK of Bridgeport, Connecticut becomes the first Ultra high frequency (UHF) television station to operate a daily schedule.
  • 1952 – First transistorized hearing aid offered for sale in Elmsford, New York
  • 1972 – An Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 (a Lockheed “Tristar”) crashes on approach to Miami International Airport, Florida, killing 101.
  • 1983 – US announced withdrawal from UNESCO.
  • 1989 – Riots break-out after Hong Kong decides to forcibly repatriate Vietnamese refugees.
  • 1989 – On the final day of trading for the year and decade, the Japanese Nikkei 225 Average closes at an all-time high of 38,915.87.
  • 1989 – Václav Havel is elected president of Czechoslovakia. He became the first non-Communist to attain the post in more than four decades.
  • 1992 – Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil, tries to resign amidst corruption charges, but is then impeached.
  • 1996 – Guatemala and leaders of Guatemalan National Revolutionary Union sign a peace accord ending a 36-year civil war.
  • 1997 – Hong Kong begins to kill all the nation’s chickens (1.25 million) to stop the spread of a potentially deadly influenza strain.
  • 1998 – Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over 1 million.
  • 2001 – Mesa Redonda shopping center fire, Lima, Peru, at least 291 killed.

December 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1709 – Empress Elizabeth of Russia (d. 1762)
  • 1721 – Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France (d. 1764)
  • 1796 – Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (d. 1877)
  • 1800 – Charles Goodyear, American inventor (d. 1860)
  • 1806 – William Gladstone, Liberal Prime Minister
  • 1808 – Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States (d. 1875)
  • 1809 – William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1898)
  • 1816 – Carl Ludwig, German physician (d. 1895)
  • 1843 – Elisabeth of Wied (pen name was Carmen Sylva), queen of Romania and writer (d. 1916)
  • 1856 – Thomas Joannes Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician (d. 1894)
  • 1859 – Venustiano Carranza, 54th President of Mexico (d. 1920)
  • 1876 – Pablo Casals, Catalan musician (d. 1973)
  • 1881 – Jess Willard, American boxer (d. 1968)
  • 1896 – David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican painter (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Nie Rongzhen, People’s Liberation Army Chief of General Staff (d. 1992)
  • 1902 – Nels Stewart, National Hockey League player (d. 1957)
  • 1908 – Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologian (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Ronald Coase, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1914 – Billy Tipton, American musician (d. 1989)
  • 1914 – Albert Tucker, Australian artist (d. 1999)
  • 1915 – Bill Osmanski, American football player (d. 1996)
  • 1917 – Tom Bradley, American politician (d. 1998)
  • 1917 – Ramanand Sagar, Indian film director (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Viveca Lindfors, Swedish-American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – William Gaddis, American writer (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Pete Dye, American golf course architect
  • 1927 – Andy Stanfield, American athlete (d. 1985)
  • 1928 – Bernard Cribbins, British actor
  • 1931 – Prince Gu of Korea, Korean royalty (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Inga Swenson, American actress
  • 1934 – Ed Flanders, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1936 – Mary Tyler Moore, American actress
  • 1936 – Ray Nitschke, American football player (d. 1998)
  • 1937 – Wayne Huizenga, American football team owner
  • 1937 – Barbara Steele, British actress
  • 1938 – Harvey Smith, English showjumper
  • 1938 – Jon Voight, American actor
  • 1941 – Ray Thomas, British musician (The Moody Blues)
  • 1942 – Rick Danko, Canadian musician (The Band) (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor
  • 1946 – Marianne Faithfull, British singer
  • 1947 – Ted Danson, American actor
  • 1947 – Cozy Powell, English rock drummer (d. 1998)
  • 1947 – Vincent Winter, British actor (d. 1998)
  • 1949 – Syed Kirmani, Indian cricket player
  • 1950 – Jon Polito, American actor
  • 1951 – Yvonne Elliman, American disco singer
  • 1951 – Georges Thurston, Canadian singer (d. 2007)
  • 1952 – Gelsey Kirkland, American dancer
  • 1953 – Stanley Tookie Williams, American author/murderer (executed 2005)
  • 1953 – Gali Atari, Israeli singer and actress
  • 1954 – Roger Voudouris, American singer
  • 1954 – Prince Takamado of Japan (d. 2002)
  • 1956 – Fred MacAulay, Scottish comedian
  • 1957 – Brad Grey, American film producer
  • 1957 – Paul Rudnick, American screenwriter/playwright
  • 1958 – Nancy J. Currie, American astronaut
  • 1959 – Patricia Clarkson, American actress
  • 1959 – Paula Poundstone, American comedian
  • 1960 – David Boon, Australian Cricketer
  • 1960 – Katerina Didaskou, Greek actress
  • 1960 – Thomas Lubanga, founder and leader of Union of Congolese Patriots
  • 1961 – Kevin Granata, American associate professor at Virginia Tech, victim of the
  • Virginia Tech massacre (d. 2007)
  • 1961 – Jim Reid, Scottish singer (The Jesus and Mary Chain, Freeheat)
  • 1962 – Blake Mitchell, American adult actress
  • 1962 – Devon White, Jamaican baseball player
  • 1963 – Francisco Bustamante, Filipino billiard player
  • 1963 – Dave McKean, British artist and filmmaker
  • 1963 – Sean Payton, American football coach
  • 1965 – Dexter Holland, American musician (The Offspring)
  • 1966 – Stefano Eranio, Italian footballer
  • 1967 – Ashleigh Banfield, Canadian journalist
  • 1967 – Chris Barnes, American singer
  • 1967 – Andy Wachowski, American director
  • 1969 – Jennifer Ehle, American actress
  • 1969 – Allan McNish, Scottish race car driver
  • 1970 – Aled Jones, Welsh singer
  • 1970 – Hidetoshi Mitsusada, Japanese racing driver
  • 1970 – Glen Phillips, American musician (Toad The Wet Sprocket)
  • 1970 – Kevin Weisman, American actor
  • 1972 – Asheru, American rapper
  • 1972 – Jason Kreis, American soccer player
  • 1972 – Jude Law, British actor
  • 1972 – Evan Seinfeld, American musician (Biohazard) and actor
  • 1973 – Pimp C, American rapper (d. 2007)
  • 1973 – Theo Epstein, American baseball general manager
  • 1974 – Mekhi Phifer, American actor
  • 1974 – Richie Sexson, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Jaret Wright, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Danny R. McBride, American actor, writer, and producer
  • 1976 – Katherine Moennig, American actress
  • 1977 – Jimmy Journell, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Alexis Amore, Peruvian pornographic actress
  • 1978 – Kieron Dyer, English footballer
  • 1978 – LaToya London, American singer
  • 1979 – Diego Luna, Mexican actor
  • 1981 – Shizuka Arakawa, Japanese figure skater
  • 1982 – Gabrielle Destroismaisons, Quebec singer
  • 1983 – Jessica Andrews, American country/pop singer
  • 1986 – Kim Ok-bin, South Korean actress and model
  • 1989 – Nathan Forbes, British footballer
  • 1994 – Princess Kako of Akishino of Japan

December 29 – Deaths:

  • 721 – Empress Gemmei of Japan (b. 661)
  • 1170 – Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury (assassinated) (b. 1118)
  • 1563 – Sebastian Castellio, French theologian (b. 1515)
  • 1634 – John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (b. 1612)
  • 1661 – Antoine Gérard de Saint-Amant, French poet (b. 1594)
  • 1689 – Thomas Sydenham, English physician (b. 1624)
  • 1731 – Brook Taylor, English mathematician (b. 1685)
  • 1737 – Joseph Saurin, French mathematician (b. 1659)
  • 1785 – Johan Herman Wessel, Norwegian poet (b. 1742)
  • 1825 – Jacques-Louis David, French painter (b. 1748)
  • 1891 – Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (b. 1823)
  • 1894 – Christina Rossetti, English poet (b. 1830)
  • 1897 – William James Linton, American wood engraver and political reformer. (b. 1812)
  • 1916 – Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk (b. 1869)
  • 1924 – Carl Spitteler, Swiss writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
  • 1926 – Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian writer (b. 1875)
  • 1929 – Wilhelm Maybach, German automobile designer (b. 1846)
  • 1937 – Don Marquis, American author (b. 1878)
  • 1953 – Violet MacMillan, American Broadway theatre actress(b. 1887)
  • 1960 – Eden Phillpotts, British writer (b. 1862)
  • 1960 – Philippe Panneton, Quebec physician, diplomat and writer (b. 1895)
  • 1967 – Paul Whiteman, American musician and conductor (b. 1890)
  • 1968 – Austin Farrer, English theologian and philosopher (b. 1904)
  • 1970 – Marie Menken, American experimental filmmaker and socialite (b. 1909)
  • 1976 – Ivo Van Damme, Belgian athlete (b. 1954)
  • 1980 – Tim Hardin, American musician (b. 1941)
  • 1980 – Nadezhda Mandelstam, Russian writer (b. 1899)
  • 1981 – Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (b. 1893)
  • 1986 – Harold Macmillan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1894)
  • 1988 – Mike Beuttler, British racing driver (b. 1940)
  • 1993 – Frunzik Mkrtchyan, Soviet Armenian actor (b. 1930)
  • 1996 – Mireille Hartuch, French singer and actress (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Jean-Claude Forest, writer and illustrator of comics (Barbarella) (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Leon Radzinowicz, British criminologist (b. 1906)
  • 2001 – Takashi Asahina, Japanese conductor (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Earl Hindman, American actor (b. 1942)
  • 2003 – Dinsdale Landen, English actor (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Bob Monkhouse, English comedian and game show host (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2004 – Liddy Holloway, New Zealand actress (b. 1947)
  • 2004 – Ken Burkhart, American baseball player (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Gerda Boyesen, Norwegian-born body psychotherapist (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Phil O’Donnell, Scottish footballer (b. 1972)
  • 2007 – Kevin Greening, British radio presenter (b. 1962)

December 29 – Holidays:

  • The fourth day of Christmas in Western Christianity.
  • R.C. Saints – Thomas Becket (optional memorial)
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