On This Day in History January 6

January 6 – Events:

  • 1066 – Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England.
  • 1205 – Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans.
  • 1449 – Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI is crowned at Mistra.
  • 1494 – The first Mass in the New World is celebrated at La Isabela, Hispaniola.
  • 1496 – Moorish fortress Alhambra, near Grenada, surrenders to the Christians.
  • 1540 – King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves.
  • 1579 – The Union of Atrecht is signed.
  • 1649 – The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial.
  • 1661 – The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London.
  • 1681 – First recorded boxing match (Duke of Albemarle’s butler vs. his butcher)
  • 1690 – Joseph, son of Emperor Leopold I, becomes King of the Romans.
  • 1720 – The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings.
  • 1759 – George Washington & Martha Dandridge Custis are married.
  • 1773 Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom.
  • 1781 – In the Battle of Jersey, the British defeat the last attempt by France to invade Jersey.
  • 1838 – Samuel Morse first successfully tests the electrical telegraph.
  • 1839 – 2 day storm off Irish & English coast immortalized as “The Big Wind”
  • 1853 – American President-Elect Franklin Pierce and his family are involved in a train wreck near Andover, Massachusetts.
  • 1870 – The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna).
  • 1887 – `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II.
  • 1893 – The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.
  • 1900 – Boers attack Ladysmith, South Africa – over 1,000 people killed.
  • 1907 – Maria Montessori opens her first school and daycare center for working class children in Rome.
  • 1912 – New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
  • 1929 – King Alexander of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes suspends his country’s constitution (the so-called January 6th Dictatorship, Šestojanuarska diktatura.)
  • 1929 – Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work amongst India’s poorest and diseased people.
  • 1930 – The first diesel-engine automobile trip is completed (from Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City).
  • 1931 – Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.
  • 1936 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act was unconstitutional in the case United States v. Butler et al.
  • 1940 – Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznan, Warthegau.
  • 1941 – President Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms Speech in the State of the Union Address.
  • 1942 – Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world.
  • 1950 – The United Kingdom recognizes the People’s Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with the UK in response.
  • 1951 – Indianapolis beats Rochester 75-73 in NBA-record 6 overtimes.
  • 1958 – Gibson patents the Flying V Guitar.
  • 1963 – “Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom” with Marlin Perkins begins on NBC.
  • 1964 – Charles Finley announces he wants to move Kansas City A’s to Louisville.
  • 1964 – Rolling Stones’ first tour as headline act (with Ronettes).
  • 1967 – United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch “Operation Deckhouse Five” in the Mekong River delta.
  • 1968 – Dr. N..E.. Shumway performs first US adult cardiac transplant operation.
  • 1968 – Surveyor 7 (last of series) launched by US for soft-landing on Moon.
  • 1974 – In response to the 1973 energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
  • 1976 – Ted Turner purchases Atlanta Braves for reported $12 million.
  • 1978 – The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) is returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after World War II.
  • 1980 – The beginning of the first GPS epoch.
  • 1980 – Phil Flyers set NHL record of 35 straight games without a defeat.
  • 1986 – British Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine resigns.
  • 1987 – 100th US Congress convenes.
  • 1991 – “Real Life With Jane Pauley” premiers on NBC-TV
  • 1995 – A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
  • 2004 – Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate is declared the official anthem of Karnataka.
  • 2004 – Costas Simitis announces his resignation as president of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement in Greece.
  • 2005 – Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders: Edgar Ray Killen is arrested as a suspect for the 1964 murders of three Civil Rights workers.
  • 2005 – First World Congress of Imams and Rabbis for Peace begins in Brussels, Belgium.

January 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1367 – Richard II of England (d. 1400)
  • 1412 – Joan of Arc, Roman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France (legendary date) (d. 1431)
  • 1486 – Martin Agricola, German composer (d. 1556)
  • 1488 – Helius Eobanus Hessus, German poet (d. 1540)
  • 1525 – Caspar Peucer, German reformer (d. 1602)
  • 1561 – Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician (d. 1656)
  • 1580 – John Smith of Jamestown (baptized) (d. 1631)
  • 1587 – Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (d. 1645)
  • 1595 – Claude Favre de Vaugelas, French man of letters (d. 1650)
  • 1617 – Kristoffer Gabel, Danish statesman (d. 1673)
  • 1655 – Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1705)
  • 1655 – Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1720)
  • 1673 – 1st Duke of Chandos, English aristocrat, eponym of Handel’s Chandos Anthems (d. 1744)
  • 1714 – Percivall Pott, English physician (d. 1788)
  • 1745 – Étienne Montgolfier, French inventor (d. 1799)
  • 1793 – James Madison Porter, American politician (d. 1862)
  • 1795 – Anselme Payen, French chemist (d. 1871)
  • 1799 – Jedediah Strong Smith, U.S. hunter, explorer (d. 1831)
  • 1803 – Henri Herz, Austrian pianist, composer (d. 1888)
  • 1807 – Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor (d. 1891)
  • 1808 – Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (d. 1864)
  • 1811 – Charles Sumner, U.S. politician (d. 1874)
  • 1822 – Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (d. 1890)
  • 1832 – Gustave Doré, French painter and sculptor (d. 1883)
  • 1838 – Max Bruch, German composer (d. 1920)
  • 1848 – Hristo Botev, Bulgarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1876)
  • 1850 – Franz Xaver Scharwenka, Polish-German pianist and composer (d. 1924)
  • 1856 – Giuseppe Martucci, Italian composer (d. 1909)
  • 1857 – Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician (d. 1931)
  • 1857 – William E. Russell, 37 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1861 – George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian (d. 1940)
  • 1868 – Vittorio Monti, Italian composer (Csardas) (d. 1922)
  • 1870 – Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1872 – Alexander Scriabin, Russian composer (d. 1915)
  • 1874 – Fred Niblo, U.S. film actor, director, producer (d. 1948)
  • 1878 – Carl Sandburg, American poet and historian (d. 1967)
  • 1878 – Dame Adeline Genée, Danish-British ballerina (d. 1970)
  • 1880 – Tom Mix, American actor (d. 1940)
  • 1882 – Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (d. 1949)
  • 1882 – Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1961)
  • 1882 – Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop (d. 1965)
  • 1883 – Khalil Gibran, Lebanese writer (d. 1931)
  • 1898 – James Fitzmaurice, Irish aviation pioneer (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Charles E. Pont, American artist (d. 1971)
  • 1899 – Phyllis Haver, American actress (d. 1960)
  • 1899 – Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer (d. 1968)
  • 1900 – Kathryn Hulme, U.S. novelist (The Nun’s Story) (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Helmut Poppendick, Nazi physician (d. 1994)
  • 1903 – Francis L. Sullivan, English actor (d. 1956)
  • 1903 – Maurice Abravanel, Greek-born conductor (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Idris Davies, Welsh poet (d. 1953)
  • 1907 – David Fleay, Australian naturalist (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Wright Morris, American writer (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Danny Thomas, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Loretta Young, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Edward Gierek, Polish politician (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Alan Watts, English writer (d. 1973)
  • 1915 – John C Lilly, U.S. psychoanalyst, writer (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist (d. 2007)
  • 1917 – Koo Chen-fu, Chinese negotiator (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (d. 1987)
  • 1920 – Early Wynn, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – John Maynard Smith, English biologist (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Sun Myung Moon, Korean evangelist
  • 1921 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer (d. 1998)
  • 1923 – Norman Kirk, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Earl Scruggs, American musician
  • 1925 – John De Lorean, American auto maker (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Pat Flaherty, American racecar driver (2002)
  • 1926 – Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian-born actor and bodybuilder (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Ralph Branca, American baseball player
  • 1926 – Kim Dae-jung, President of South Korea and Nobel laureate
  • 1928 – Capucine, French actress (d. 1990)
  • 1928 – George H. Ross, American businessman
  • 1929 – Babrak Karmal, Afghani politician (d. 1996)
  • 1930 – Vic Tayback, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1931 – E. L. Doctorow, American author
  • 1931 – Dickie Moore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1932 – Stuart A. Rice, American chemist
  • 1933 – Oleg Makarov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2003)
  • 1933 – Emil Steinberger, Swiss comedian
  • 1934 – Harry M Miller, Australian entrepreneur
  • 1934 – Tassos Papadopoulos, president of the Republic of Cyprus
  • 1934 – Sylvia Sims, English actress
  • 1935 – Margarita Gomez-Acebo y Cejuela, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria
  • 1935 – Nino Tempo, American singer and actor
  • 1936 – Rubén Amaro, Sr., Mexican baseball player
  • 1936 – Darlene Hard, U.S. tennis player
  • 1936 – Julio María Sanguinetti Coirolo, President of Uruguay
  • 1937 – Doris Troy, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1937 – Paolo Conte, Italian singer
  • 1937 – Lou Holtz, American football coach
  • 1938 – Adriano Celentano, Italian singer and actor
  • 1938 – Prof Adrienne Clarke, Australian botanist, Lieutenant Governor of Victoria
  • 1938 – Mario Rodríguez Cobos “Silo”, Argentine writer and spiritual leader
  • 1939 – Murray Rose, Australian Olympic swimmer
  • 1940 – Van McCoy, American musician (d. 1979)
  • 1940 – Penny Lernoux, American journalist (d. 1989)
  • 1943 – Terry Venables, English football manager
  • 1944 – Bonnie Franklin, American actress
  • 1944 – Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 – Allen Appel, American novelist
  • 1946 – Syd Barrett, English guitarist, singer and songwriter Pink Floyd (d. 2006)
  • 1947 – Sandy Denny, English singer and songwriter (d. 1978)
  • 1950 – Louis Freeh, former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • 1951 – Don Gullett, American baseball player
  • 1951 – Kim Wilson, American musician (The Fabulous Thunderbirds)
  • 1952 – Moondog Spot, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1952 – Frank Sivero, Italian-born American actor
  • 1953 – Malcolm Young, Scottish-born Australian guitarist (AC/DC)
  • 1954 – Hans Robert Hiegel, German architect
  • 1954 – Yuji Horii, Japanese video game designer
  • 1954 – Anthony Minghella, British film director
  • 1954 – Karen Moras, Australian Olympic swimmer
  • 1954 – Trudie Styler, English actress
  • 1955 – Rowan Atkinson, English comedian and actor
  • 1955 – Richard Corbett, Labour Member of the European Parliament
  • 1956 – Angus Deayton, English comedian, actor and television presenter
  • 1957 – Nancy Lopez, American golfer
  • 1958 – Themos Anastasiadis, Greek journalist, television presenter and newspaper editor
  • 1958 – Scott Bryce, American actor
  • 1959 – Kapil Dev, Indian cricketer
  • 1959 – Kathy Sledge, American singer
  • 1960 – Robert Herr, guy everyone in Indiana knows
  • 1960 – Paul Azinger, American golfer
  • 1960 – Kari Jalonen, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Nigella Lawson, English chef and writer
  • 1960 – Howie Long, National Football League player
  • 1960 – Andrea Thompson, American actress
  • 1962 – Michael Houser, American guitarist (Widespread Panic) (d. 2002)
  • 1964 – Rafael Vidal, Venezuelan athlete (d. 2005)
  • 1964 – Charles Haley, American football player
  • 1964 – Henry Maske, German boxer
  • 1964 – Jacqueline Moore, American wrestler
  • 1964 – Mark O’Toole, English bass guitarist (Frankie Goes to Hollywood)
  • 1964 – Yuri, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1965 – Muhammed al-Ahari, American Muslim writer
  • 1965 – Konnan, Cuban-born professional wrestler
  • 1966 – Andrew Wood, American singer (Mother Love Bone) (d. 1990)
  • 1966 – Fernando Carrillo, Venezuelan actor
  • 1966 – A. R. Rahman, Indian composer
  • 1968 – John Singleton, American film director
  • 1969 – Norman Reedus, American model and actor
  • 1970 – Julie Chen, American television presenter
  • 1970 – Gabrielle Reece, American volleyball player
  • 1971 – Gary Wiseman, American punk-rock drummer
  • 1971 – Irwin Thomas, Australian singer (ex-Southern Sons)
  • 1972 – Nek, Italian singer
  • 1973 – Scott Ferguson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Daniel Cordone, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Nicole DeHuff, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1975 – James Farrior, American football player
  • 1975 – Jason King, English radio DJ (Radio 1)
  • 1975 – Yukana, Japanese seiyu
  • 1976 – Danny Pintauro, American actor
  • 1976 – Richard Zedník, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Johnny Yong Bosch, American actor
  • 1978 – Nikki Einfeld, Canadian opera singer
  • 1978 – Casey Fossum, Major League Baseball player
  • 1978 – Tara Spencer-Nairn, Canadian actress
  • 1980 – Steed Malbranque, French footballer
  • 1980 – Hiromi Oshima, Japanese adult model
  • 1981 – Mike Jones, American rapper
  • 1981 – Rinko Kikuchi, Japanese actress
  • 1981 – Jérémie Renier, Belgian actor
  • 1981 – Asante Samuel, National Football League Defensive Back
  • 1982 – Gilbert Arenas, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Brian Bass, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Tiffany Pollard, American reality television personality
  • 1984 – A.J. Hawk, American football player
  • 1984 – Sean O’Brien, Australian professional windsurfer
  • 1985 – RP Singh, Indian cricketer
  • 1986 – Paul McShane, Irish footballer
  • 1986 – Alex Turner, English musician (Arctic Monkeys)
  • 1989 – Andy Carroll, English footballer

January 6 – Deaths:

  • 664 – Amr ibn al-A’as, Arab general (b. 583)
  • 1088 – Berengar of Tours, French theologian (b. 999)
  • 1275 – St Raymond of Peñafort (b. 1175)
  • 1448 – Christopher of Bavaria, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (b. 1418)
  • 1481 – Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Golden Horde
  • 1537 – Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (b. 1481)
  • 1537 – Alessandro de’ Medici, Duke of Florence (b. 1510)
  • 1592 – Johann Casimir of Simmern, Elector Palatine (b. 1543)
  • 1616 – Philip Henslowe, English theatrical entrepreneur (b. 1550)
  • 1689 – Seth Ward, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1617)
  • 1693 – Mehmed IV, ex-Ottoman Sultan (b. 1642)
  • 1711 – Philipp van Almonde, Dutch admiral (b. 1646)
  • 1718 – Richard Hoare, English goldsmith and banker (b. 1648)
  • 1718 – Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (b. 1664)
  • 1725 – Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Japanese dramatist (b. 1653)
  • 1731 – Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (b. 1672)
  • 1734 – John Dennis, English dramatist whose thunder was stolen (b. 1657)
  • 1813 – Louis Baraguey d’Hilliers, French general (b. 1764)
  • 1831 – Rodolphe Kreutzer, French violinist, composer and conductor (b. 1766)
  • 1840 – Fanny Burney, English novelist and diarist (b. 1752)
  • 1852 – Louis Braille, French teacher of the blind (b. 1809)
  • 1855 – Giacomo Beltrami, Italian explorer (b. 1779)
  • 1882 – Richard Henry Dana, U.S. novelist (Two Years Before the Mast) (b. 1815)
  • 1884 – Gregor Johann Mendel, Austrian geneticist (b. 1822)
  • 1885 – Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Norwegian writer and scientist (b. 1812)
  • 1913 – Frederick Hitch, English Victoria Cross Winner (b. 1856)
  • 1918 – Georg Cantor, German mathematician (b. 1845)
  • 1919 – Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States (b. 1858)
  • 1919 – Max Heindel, Danish astrologer and mystic (b. 1865)
  • 1922 – Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (b. 1842)
  • 1928 – Alvin Kraenzlein, American athlete (b. 1876)
  • 1933 – Vladimir de Pachmann, Russian-German pianist (b. 1848)
  • 1934 – Herbert Chapman , Legendary Manager of Arsenal and Huddersfield Town (b. 1878)
  • 1937 – André Besette, Canadian religious figure (b. 1845)
  • 1941 – Charley O’Leary, American baseball player (b. 1882)
  • 1942 – Emma Calvé, French soprano (b. 1858)
  • 1942 – Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian International Olympic Committee president (b. 1876)
  • 1944 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist (b. 1857)
  • 1945 – Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • 1945 – Edith Frank, mother of Anne Frank (b. 1900)
  • 1949 – Victor Fleming, American director (b. 1883)
  • 1966 – Jean Lurçat, French painter and tapestry designer (b. 1892)
  • 1972 – Chen Yi, Chinese military commander and politician (b. 1901)
  • 1978 – Burt Munro, New Zealand motorcycle racer (b. 1899)
  • 1981 – A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (b. 1896)
  • 1984 – Ernest Laszlo, Hungarian-U.S. cinematographer (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Pavel Alekseyevich Cerenkov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1990 – Ian Charleson, Scottish actor (b. 1949)
  • 1993 – Dizzy Gillespie, acclaimed jazz trumpet player (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer (b. 1938)
  • 1995 – Joe Slovo, South African politician (b. 1926)
  • 1997 – Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Michel Petrucciani, French jazz pianist (b. 1962)
  • 2000 – Don Martin, American cartoonist (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Charles Dumas, American athlete (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (b. 1954)
  • 2005 – Louis Robichaud, Premier of New Brunswick (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Lois Hole, Lt. Governor of Alberta (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Lou Rawls, American singer (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Hugh Thompson, Jr., decorated Vietnam War helicopter pilot (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Roberta Wohlstetter, military historian and strategist (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Sneaky Pete Kleinow, American musician and special-effects artist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Mario Danelo, American football player (b. 1985)

January 6 – Holidays:

  • Christianity: Epiphany (except Eastern and Oriental Orthodox who follow the Julian Calendar) – Twelfth Day of Christmas, also known as Twelfth Day and Three Kings Day
  • Theophany (Revelation of the Trinity at Christ’s baptism in the Jordan)
  • Public holiday in Spain, Italy, Sweden and Puerto Rico to mark Epiphany
  • Ireland – Little Christmas
  • Rastafari movement – Celebration of the ceremonial birthday of Haile Selassie
  • Armenian Christmas (except in the Holy Land where it is on 18 January – old calendar)
  • Ancient Latvia – Zvaigznes Diena observed
  • January 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
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