On This Day in History January 9

January 9 – Events:

  • 475 – Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople.
  • 1349 – The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing bubonic plague, were rounded up and incinerated.
  • 1431 – Judges’ investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.
  • 1760 – Afghans defeat Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat.
  • 1768 – Philip Astley stages the first modern circus in London.
  • 1788 – Connecticut becomes the fifth state to be admitted to the United States.
  • 1793 – Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States.
  • 1799 – British Prime Minister William Pitt introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon.
  • 1806 – Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul’s Cathedral.
  • 1812 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
  • 1816 – Sir Humphry Davy tests the Davy lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery.
  • 1822 – The Portuguese prince Pedro I of Brazil decides to stay in Brazil against the orders of the Portuguese king João VI, starting the Brazilian independence process.
  • 1839 – The FrenchAcademy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process.
  • 1857 – The FortTejon earthquake of California occurs, registering an estimated magnitude of 7.9.
  • 1858 – Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The “Star of the West” incident occurs near Charleston, South Carolina. It is considered by some historians to be the “First Shots of the American Civil War.”
  • 1861 – Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union before the outbreak of the American Civil War.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: the Battle of Fort Hindman occurs in Arkansas.
  • 1878 – Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • 1880 – The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
  • 1894 – New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • 1903 – AL Baltimore baseball team bought for $18,000, moves to NYC (Yankees).
  • 1903 – Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson, son of the famous poet Alfred Tennyson, becomes the second Governor-General of Australia.
  • 1905 – According to the Julian Calendar which was used at the time, Russian workers stage a march on the Winter Palace that ends in the massacre by Tsarist troops known as Bloody Sunday, setting off the Russian Revolution of 1905.
  • 1908 – Muir Woods National Monument, California established.
  • 1912 – US marines invade Honduras.
  • 1916 – The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.
  • 1917 – World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  •  1923 – Juan de la Cierva makes the first autogyro flight.
  • 1941 – First flight of the Avro Lancaster.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Greek Triton (S.112) sinks the Italian submarine Neghelli in Otranto.
  • 1945 – The United States invades Luzon in the Philippines.
  • 1947 – Elizabeth “Betty” Short, the Black Dahlia, is last seen alive.
  • 1951 – The United Nations headquarters officially opens in New York City.
  • 1953 – Bevo Francis, Rio GrandeCollege, scores 116 points in basketball game.
  • 1953 – Korean ferryboat “Chang Tyong-Ho” sank off Pusan killing 249.
  • 1954 -87 degrees F (-66 degrees C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record).
  • 1954 – Bert Olmstead, Montreal Canadians, ties NHL record of 8 points in game.
  • 1959 – “Rawhide” with Clint Eastwood premiers on CBS TV.
  • 1959 – Dam across TeraRiver collapses after heavy winter rains, 135 die.
  • 1962 – NFL prohibits grabbing of face masks.
  • 1963 – Mao Tse-tung writes his poem “Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo”
  • 1964 – Martyrs’ Day: Several Panamanian youths try to raise the Panamanian flag on the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone, leading to fighting between U.S. military and Panamanian civilians.
  • 1965 – Beatles’ ’65” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 9 weeks
  • 1968 – The only known snowfall in Mexico City occurs; additional snow falls on January 10 and 11.
  • 1968 – Surveyor 7 space probe soft lands on the Moon.
  • 1969 – First trial flight of the Concorde.
  • 1970 – Constitution of Singapore enacted.
  • 1972 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire in VictoriaHarbour, Hong Kong.
  • 1977 – Oakland Raiders defeat Minnesota Vikings, 32-14, in Super Bowl XI.
  • 1979 – High-school player Daryl Moreau makes 126 consecutive free throws.
  • 1980 – 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
  • 1982 – 5.9 earthquake in New England & Canada; first since 1855.
  • 1982 – Steve D’Innocenzo scores 3 hockey goals in 12 sec in Massachusetts high school game.
  • 1983 – British PM Margaret Thatcher visits the Falkland Islands.
  • 1984 – “TV’s Bloopers & Practical Jokes” premiers on NBC TV.
  • 1986 – After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak must give up its instant camera business.
  • 1991 – The Soviets storm Vilnius to stop Lithuanian independence.
  • 1997 – A Comair Embraer EMB 120 crashes during approach into DetroitMetroAirport, killing 29 people.
  • 2001 – Shenzhou 2, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft, is launched.
  • 2002 – The United States Department of Justice announces it is going to pursue a criminal investigation of Enron.
  • 2005 – The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, commonly known as the Naivasha Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement rebel group in Naivasha, Kenya.
  • 2005 – Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization. He is succeeded by Rawhi Fattouh.
  • 2007 – An AerianTur-M Antonov An-26 crashes in Balad, Iraq. The Islamic Army in Iraq claims to have shot it down.

January 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1554 – Pope Gregory XV (d. 1623)
  • 1571 – Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (d. 1621)
  • 1589 – Ivan Gundulic, Croatian poet (d. 1638)
  • 1624 – Empress Meisho (d. 1696)
  • 1685 – Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch philologist (d. 1766)
  • 1728 – Thomas Warton, English poet (d. 1790)
  • 1745 – Caleb Strong, 6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)
  • 1773 – Cassandra Austen, English watercolorist and sister of Jane Austen (d. 1845)
  • 1790 – Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Swedish poet (d. 1855)
  • 1811 – Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • 1819 – James Francis, Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
  • 1823 – Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (d. 1908)
  • 1829 – Thomas William Robertson, English playwright (d. 1871)
  • 1829 – Adolf von Schlagintweit, German explorer (d. 1857)
  • 1832 – Félix-Gabriel Marchand, journalist, author and politician, Premier of Quebec (d. 1900)
  • 1839 – John Knowles Paine, U.S. composer (d. 1906)
  • 1848 – Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. 1926)
  • 1849 – John Hartley, English tennis player, double winner of Wimbledon (d. 1935)
  • 1854 – Jennie Jerome, American society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill (d. 1921)
  • 1856 – Anton Aškerc, Slovenian priest and poet (d. 1912)
  • 1859 – Carrie Chapman Catt, American suffragist leader (d. 1947)
  • 1864 – Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
  • 1868 – S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist (d. 1939)
  • 1870 – Joseph B Strauss, American civil engineer (d. 1938)
  • 1873 – Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Hebrew poet (d. 1934)
  • 1875 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – John Broadus Watson, American psychologist (d. 1958)
  • 1881 – Lascelles Abercrombie, British poet and critic (d. 1938)
  • 1881 – Edouard Beaupré, horse lifter (d. 1904)
  • 1881 – Giovanni Papini, Italian writer (d. 1956)
  • 1890 – Karel Capek, Czech writer (d. 1938)1890 – Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist (d. 1935)
  • 1892 – Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Warwick Braithwaite, New Zealand-born British conductor (d. 1971)
  • 1897 – Karl Löwith, German philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1898 – Vilma Bánky, Hungarian actress (d. 1991)
  • 1898 – Gracie Fields, English vaudeville performer (d. 1979)
  • 1898 – Wally Baker, American supercentenarian
  • 1900 – Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)
  • 1900 – Maria of Romania, Queen Consort of Yugoslavia (d. 1961)
  • 1901 – Chic Young, American cartoonist (d. 1973)
  • 1902 – Rudolph Bing, Austrian-born opera manager (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – Saint Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest and founder of Opus Dei (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Hem Vejakorn, Thai illustrator (d. 1969)
  • 1908 – Simone de Beauvoir, French author (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Herva Nelli, Italian-born soprano (d. 1994)
  • 1912 – Ralph Tubbs, British architect (d. 1996)
  • 1913 – Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States (d. 1994)
  • 1914 – Gypsy Rose Lee (or 1911), American burlesque entertainer (d. 1970)
  • 1914 – Kenny (Klook) Clarke, American jazz drummer and composer (d. 1985)
  • 1915 – Anita Louise, U.S. actress (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Fernando Lamas, Argentine actor (d. 1982)
  • 1916 – Vic Mizzy, American orchestra leader
  • 1916 – Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Clive Dunn, British actor
  • 1920 – Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar
  • 1921 – Lister Sinclair, Canadian broadcaster and playwright (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Har Gobind Khorana, Nobel laureate
  • 1922 – Ahmed Sékou Touré, President of Guinea (d. 1984)
  • 1924 – Sergei Parajanov, Armenian film director (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – Lee Van Cleef, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1926 – Giannis Christou, Greek composer (d. 1970)
  • 1926 – Jean-Pierre Côté, Canadian politician, Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Judith Krantz, American author
  • 1928 – Domenico Modugno, Italian singer and songwriter (d. 1994)
  • 1929 – Brian Friel, Irish dramatist
  • 1929 – Heiner Muller, German dramatist (d. 1995)
  • 1929 – Dorothea Puente, American serial killer
  • 1931 – Algis Budrys, American author
  • 1933 – Robert Garcia, American politician
  • 1933 – Wilbur Smith, Zambian-British novelist
  • 1934 – Bart Starr, American football player
  • 1935 – Bob Denver, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Dick Enberg, American sportscaster
  • 1935 – Earl G. Graves, Sr., African-American Publisher
  • 1935 – Brian Harradine, Australian independent Senator
  • 1936 – Anne Rivers Siddons, American writer
  • 1940 – Jimmy Boyd, American actor and singer
  • 1940 – Barbara Buczek, Polish composer (d. 1993)
  • 1940 – Al Downing, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1940 – Ruth Dreifuss, Swiss politician
  • 1941 – Joan Baez, American singer and activist
  • 1941 – Gilles Vaillancourt, Quebec politician
  • 1942 – K Callan, American actress
  • 1942 – Lee Kun-hee, Korean industrialist, chairman of Samsung
  • 1942 – Susannah York, British actress
  • 1943 – Elmer MacFadyen, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – Freddie Starr, English comedian and singer
  • 1943 – Scott Walker, American singer
  • 1944 – Jimmy Page, English guitarist (Led Zeppelin)
  • 1945 – John Doman, American actor
  • 1947 – Ronnie Landfield, American artist
  • 1948 – Bill Cowsill, American singer (The Cowsills) (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Cassie Gaines Backup Singer (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977)
  • 1950 – David Johansen American singer
  • 1950 – Rio Reiser, German singer (d. 1996)
  • 1951 – M.L. Carr, basketball player and coach
  • 1951 – Crystal Gayle, American singer
  • 1952 – Hugh Bayley, British politician
  • 1953 – Morris Gleitzman, British-Australian children’s author
  • 1955 – J. K. Simmons, American actor
  • 1956 – Kimberly Beck, American actress
  • 1956 – Imelda Staunton, British actress
  • 1956 – Mike Walczewski, American Public Address Announcer at MadisonSquareGarden
  • 1957 – Phil Lewis, lead singer of L.A. Guns
  • 1958 – Mehmet Ali Agca, Turkish attempted assassin of Pope John Paul II
  • 1958 – Stephen Neale, British philosopher
  • 1959 – Mark Martin, American race car driver
  • 1959 – Rigoberta Menchú, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1959 – Cristi Minculescu, Romanian musician
  • 1959 – Otis Nixon, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Oliver Goldstick, American screenwriter
  • 1963 – Michael Everson, expert in writing systems and Unicode
  • 1965 – Darren Bennett, Australian-born American football player
  • 1965 – Muggsy Bogues, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Iain Dowie, English football manager
  • 1965 – Eric Erlandson, American musician
  • 1965 – Joely Richardson, British actress
  • 1967 – Carl Bell, American musician
  • 1967 – Claudio Caniggia, Argentinian footballer
  • 1967 – Steven Harwell, American singer and musician (Smash Mouth)
  • 1967 – Dave Matthews, South African singer and musician
  • 1968 – Jimmy Adams, West Indian cricketer
  • 1968 – Joey Lauren Adams, American actress
  • 1968 – Al Schnier, American rock guitarist (moe.)
  • 1970 – Lara Fabian, Belgian singer
  • 1970 – Alex Staropoli, Italian keyboardist (Rhapsody Of Fire)
  • 1971 – Daniel Dumile, American hip hop artist
  • 1971 – Scott Thornton, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Yusuke Naora, Japanese game art director
  • 1972 – Sarah Beeny, British TV personality
  • 1972 – Angie Martinez, American radio and television personality
  • 1972 – Jay Powell, baseball player
  • 1973 – Angela Bettis, American actress
  • 1974 – Farhan Akhtar, Indian Bollywood Director, Actor, Producer, Singer.
  • 1975 – Kiko Calero, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1975 – Kimberley Ann Scott Mathers, former wife of Eminem
  • 1976 – Radek Bonk, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Todd Grisham, American professional wrestling interviewer
  • 1977 – Beth Troutman, American production assistant
  • 1978 – Mathieu Garon, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Gennaro Gattuso, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Chad Johnson, American football player
  • 1978 – AJ McLean, American singer
  • 1978 – Maggie Rizer, American model and AIDS activist
  • 1979 – Tomiko Van, Japanese singer
  • 1980 – Sergio García, Spanish golfer
  • 1981 – Euzebiusz Smolarek, Polish footballer
  • 1982 – Kate Middleton, girlfriend of Prince William of Wales
  • 1987 – Sam Bird, English racing driver
  • 1987 – Paolo Nutini, Scottish singer/songwriter
  • 1987 – Pablo Santos, Mexican actor (d. 2006)
  • 1989 – Michaella Krajicek, Dutch tennis player
  • 1997 – Lauryn McClain, American actress and singer

January 9 – Deaths:

  • 1150 – Emperor Xizong of Jin was murdered by Prince Hailing of Jin in a Coup d’état.
  • 1282 – Abû ‘Uthmân Sa’îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (b. 1204)
  • 1283 – Wen Tianxiang, Prime Minister of China (executed) (b. 1236)
  • 1499 – Johann Cicero, elector of Brandenburg (b. 1455)
  • 1514 – Anna, Duchess of Brittany, queen of Charles VIII of France (b. 1477)
  • 1543 – Guillaume du Bellay, French diplomat and general (b. 1491)
  • 1562 – Amago Haruhisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1514)
  • 1571 – Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French naval officer (b. 1510)
  • 1598 – Jasper Heywood, English translator (b. 1553)
  • 1677 – Aernout van der Neer, Dutch painter (b. 1603)
  • 1757 – Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
  • 1757 – Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician (b. 1688)
  • 1766 – Thomas Birch, British historian (b. 1705)
  • 1799 – Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
  • 1800 – Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)
  • 1805 – Noble Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1843 – William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)
  • 1848 – Caroline Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1750)
  • 1858 – Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (suicide) (b. 1798)
  • 1873 – Emperor Napoleon III of France (b. 1808)
  • 1876 – Samuel Gridley Howe, American abolitionist (b. 1801)
  • 1877 – Alexander Brullov, Russia painter (b. 1799)
  • 1878 – King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy (b. 1820)
  • 1895 – Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • 1901 – Richard Copley Christie, English scholar (b. 1830)
  • 1908 – Wilhelm Busch, German painter (b. 1832)
  • 1908 – Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born actor (b. 1840)
  • 1911 – Edwin Arthur Jones, American composer (b. 1853)
  • 1911 – Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer (b. 1886)
  • 1918 – Émile Reynaud, French scientist (b. 1844)
  • 1923 – Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand writer (b. 1888)
  • 1927 – Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British pro-Aryan anti-semitic writer, son-in-law of Richard Wagner (b. 1855)
  • 1931 – Wayne Munn, wrestler (b. 1896)
  • 1936 – John Gilbert, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1939 – Johann Strauss III, Austrian conductor (b. 1866)
  • 1946 – Countee Cullen, American poet (b. 1903)
  • 1946 – Dimitrios Golemis, Greek athlete (b. 1874)
  • 1947 – Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (b. 1893)
  • 1960 – Elsie J. Oxenham, British children’s author (b. 1880)
  • 1961 – Emily Greene Balch, American writer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1971 – Giannis Christou, Greek composer (b. 1926)
  • 1971 – Elmer Flick, baseball player (b. 1876)
  • 1972 – Ted Shawn, American dancer (b. 1891)
  • 1975 – Pierre Fresnay, French actor (b. 1897)
  • 1975 – Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (b. 1891)
  • 1981 – Kazimierz Serocki, Polish composer (b. 1922)
  • 1984 – Wolfgang Staudte, German director (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Robert Mayer, British businessman and philanthropist (b. 1879)
  • 1987 – Marion Hutton, American singer (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – ArthurLake, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1989 – Bill Terry, baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Sir Edward McTiernan, Australian jurist, lawyer and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1990 – Spud Chandler, baseball player (b. 1907)
  • 1992 – Steve Brodie, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1992 – Bill Naughton, British playwright (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Sir Paul Hasluck, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Johnny Temple, baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 1995 – Peter Cook, British actor and comedian (b. 1937)
  • 1995 – Souphanouvong, President of Laos (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Edward Osobka-Morawski, Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Jesse White, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Nigel Tranter, Scottish historian and author (b. 1909)
  • 2001 – Maurice Prather, American photographer (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Will McDonough, American sports journalist (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Gonzalo Gavira, Mexican film sound technician (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Andy Caldecott, Australian motorcycle racer (b. 1964)
  • 2006 – Mikk Mikiver, Estonian actor, director (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Elmer Symons, South African motorcycle racer (b. 1977)
  • 2008 – Johnny Grant, American radio personality, television producer (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – William Quinn, Irish Republican Army soldier (b. 1950)
  • 2008 – Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (b. 1977)
  • 2008 – Sir John Harvey-Jones, chairman of ICI from 1982 to 1987 (b.1924).

January 9 – Holidays:

  • Martyrs’ Day (Panama) commemorates the 1964 riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone
  • Black Nazarene feast in the Quiapo district, Manila, Philippines
  • Republic Day in Republika Srpska, BiH
  • Adrian of Canterbury
  • Metropolitan Philip II of Moscow
  • Theophan the Recluse
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