On This Day in History January 13

January 13 – Events:

  • 532 – Nika riots in Constantinople.
  • 888 – Odo, Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks.
  • 1328 – Edward III of England marries Philippa of Hainault, daughter of the Count of Hainault.
  • 1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey is sentenced to death.
  • 1559 – Elizabeth I crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London.
  • 1605 – The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.
  • 1607 – The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
  • 1610 – Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th moon of Jupiter.
  • 1695 – Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland.
  • 1733 – James Oglethorpe and 130 colonists arrive in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1785 – John Walter publishes the first issue of the Daily Universal Register (later renamed The Times).
  • 1822 – The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
  • 1830 – The Great fire of New Orleans, Louisiana begins.
  • 1832 – President Andrew Jackson writes to Vice President Martin Van Buren expressing his opposition to South Carolina’s defiance of federal authority in the Nullification Crisis.
  • 1840 – The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
  • 1842 – Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1847 – The Treaty of Cahuenga ends the Mexican-American War in California.
  • 1849 – Vancouver Island granted to Hudson’s Bay Co.
  • 1854 – Anthony Foss patents the accordion.
  • 1869 – National convention of black leaders meets in Washington D.C.
  • 1888 – National Geographic Society founded (Washington, DC)
  • 1893 – The Independent Labour Party of the UK has its first meeting.
  • 1893 – U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • 1898 – Emile Zola’s J’accuse exposes the Dreyfus affair.
  • 1908 – Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
  • 1915 – An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800.
  • 1930 – “Mickey Mouse” comic strip first appears
  • 1934 – The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
  • 1935 – A plebiscite in Saarland shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Nazi Germany.
  • 1938 – The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
  • 1939 – The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
  • 1942 – Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.
  • 1942 – The United States begins Japanese American internment.
  • 1942 – World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
  • 1953 – Marshal Josip Broz Tito is chosen as President of Yugoslavia.
  • 1958 – Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
  • 1964 – Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta – now Kolkata – resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
  • 1964 – Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, is appointed archbishop of Krakow, Poland.
  • 1966 – Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African American Cabinet member by being appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
  • 1968 – Minnesota North Stars center Bill Masterton is fatally injured.
  • 1972 – Prime Minister Kofi Busia and President Edward Akufo-Addo of Ghana are ousted in a bloodless military coup by Col. Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong.
  • 1974 – Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece.
  • 1974 – Super Bowl VIII-Miami Dolphins-24, Minnesota Vikings-7.
  • 1979 – YMCA files libel suit against Village People’s YMCA song.
  • 1982 – Hank Aaron & Frank Robinson elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1982 – Shortly after takeoff, Air Florida Flight 90 737 jet crashes into Washington, DC’s 14th Street Bridge and falls into the Potomac River, killing 78 including four motorists.  Coincidentally, a Washington DC Metro Rail train is derailed, killing 3 people.
  • 1986 – A month-long violent struggle begins in Aden, South Yemen between supporters of Ali Nasir Muhammad and Abdul Fattah Ismail, resulting in thousands of casualties.
  • 1989 – Soap opera “Ryan’s Hope” final episode.
  • 1989 – Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz begins 1-year jail sentence.
  • 1990 – L. Douglas Wilder becomes the first elected African American governor as he takes office in Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1991 – Soviet Union military troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius.
  • 1992 – Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.
  • 2001 – An earthquake hits El Salvador, killing more than 800.
  • 2007 – Two thirds of the Venus’s southern hemisphere suddenly brightened as something triggered aerosols to form at a furious rate.

January 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1334 – King Henry II of Castile (d. 1379)
  • 1505 – Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1571)
  • 1562 – Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)
  • 1596 – Jan van Goyen, Dutch painter (d. 1656)
  • 1610 – Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)
  • 1616 – Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (d. 1680)
  • 1635 – Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (d. 1705)
  • 1651 – Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (d. 1694)
  • 1683 – Christoph Graupner, German composer (d. 1760)
  • 1720 – Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)
  • 1749 – Friedrich Müller, painter and dramatist (d. 1825)
  • 1777 – Elisa Bonaparte, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, sister of Napoleon Bonaparte (d. 1820)
  • 1787 – John Davis, 14th and 17th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1854)
  • 1804 – Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
  • 1805 – Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
  • 1808 – Salmon P. Chase, 6th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1873)
  • 1812 – Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
  • 1832 – Horatio Alger, Jr., American minister and author (d. 1899)
  • 1845 – Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • 1858 – Oskar Minkowski, Biologist (d.1931)
  • 1859 – Kostis Palamas, Greek poet (d. 1943)
  • 1861 – Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • 1864 – Wilhelm Wien, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
  • 1865 – Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
  • 1866 – Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer (d. 1901)
  • 1869 – Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (d. 1931)
  • 1870 – Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist (d.1959)
  • 1878 – Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
  • 1881 – Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (d. 1961)
  • 1884 – Sophie Tucker, Russian-born singer and performer (d. 1966)
  • 1885 – Alfred Fuller, Canadian businessman, The “Fuller Brush Man” (d. 1973)
  • 1886 – Art Ross, Canadian ice hockey player and executive (d. 1964)
  • 1887 – George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
  • 1893 – Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1893 – Clark Ashton Smith, American writer (d. 1961)
  • 1898 – Kai Munk, Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, martyr (d. 1944)
  • 1898 – Carlo Tagliabue, Italian baritone (d. 1978)
  • 1899 – Kay Francis, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1901 – A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Mieczyslaw Zywczynski, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
  • 1904 – Richard Addinsell, British composer (Warsaw Concerto) (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist (d. 1934)
  • 1910 – Yannis Tsarouchis, Greek painter (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Joh Bjelke-Petersen, Premier of Queensland (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Jeff Morrow, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Lord Ted Willis, British television dramatist (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Robert Stack, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Dachine Rainer, British writer (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Albert Lamorisse, French film director and producer (d. 1970)
  • 1923 – Daniil Shafran, Russian cellist (d. 1997)
  • 1924 – Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Roland Petit, French choreographer
  • 1925 – Gwen Verdon, American actress and dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Michael Bond, British writer
  • 1926 – Carolyn Gold Heilbrun, American feminist author (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Sydney Brenner, British Nobel Laureate
  • 1929 – Joe Pass, U.S. jazz guitarist (d. 1994)
  • 1930 – Liz Anderson, American singer
  • 1930 – Frances Sternhagen, American actress
  • 1931 – Ian Hendry, English actor (d. 1984)
  • 1931 – Charles Nelson Reilly, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Rip Taylor, American actor
  • 1935 – Mauro Forghieri, Italian automotive & mechanical engineer (Scuderia Ferrari)
  • 1935 – Elsa Martinelli, Italian actress
  • 1936 – Renato Bruson, Italian operatic baritone
  • 1938 – William B. Davis, Canadian actor
  • 1938 – Tord Grip, Swedish football manager
  • 1939 – Jacek Gmoch, Polish footballer
  • 1939 – Cesare Maniago, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1940 – Edmund White, American author
  • 1941 – Pasqual Maragall, Spanish politician
  • 1943 – Carol Cleveland, English actress
  • 1943 – Richard Moll, American actor
  • 1946 – Eero Koivistoinen, Finnish musician
  • 1947 – Jacek Majchrowski, Mayor of Kraków
  • 1947 – Carles Rexach, former Spanish-Catalan footballer and coach
  • 1948 – Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • 1949 – Brandon Tartikoff, American television executive (d. 1997)
  • 1949 – Rakesh Sharma, first Indian and 138th man to visit space
  • 1950 – Bob Forsch, American baseball player
  • 1950 – John McNaughton, American film director
  • 1954 – Trevor Rabin, South African guitarist (Yes)
  • 1955 – Paul Kelly, Australian singer
  • 1955 – Jay McInerney, American writer
  • 1957 – Lorrie Moore, American writer
  • 1957 – Mark O’Meara, Major winning American Golfer
  • 1959 – James Lomenzo, American musician (Megadeth)
  • 1960 – Takis Lemonis, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1961 – Wayne Coyne, American singer (The Flaming Lips)
  • 1961 – Julia Louis-Dreyfus, American actress
  • 1961 – Graham McPherson, English singer
  • 1962 – Trace Adkins, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1962 – Kevin Mitchell American baseball player
  • 1963 – Kevin McClatchy, American businessman
  • 1964 – Penelope Ann Miller, American actress
  • 1964 – Ronan Rafferty, Northern Irish golfer
  • 1966 – Patrick Dempsey, American actor
  • 1967 – Annie Jones, Australian actress
  • 1967 – George Paterson, Scottish singer/songwriter DMP
  • 1968 – Traci Bingham, American actress
  • 1968 – Mike Whitlow, English footballer
  • 1968 – Chara, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1969 – Stefania Belmondo, Italian cross-country skier
  • 1969 – Stephen Hendry, Scottish snooker player
  • 1970 – Keith Coogan, American actor
  • 1970 – Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (d. 2004)
  • 1971 – John Mallory Asher, American film actor/director
  • 1972 – Mark Bosnich, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – Nicole Eggert, American actress
  • 1972 – Atoosa Rubenstein, Iranian-born American magazine editor
  • 1972 – Vitaly Scherbo, Belarusian gymnast
  • 1973 – Nikolai Khabibulin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Sergei Brylin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Michael Peña, American actor
  • 1976 – Tania Vicent, Canadian short track speed skater
  • 1977 – Orlando Bloom, English actor
  • 1977 – James Posey, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Jill Wagner, American Actor
  • 1980 – Krzysztof Czerwinski, Polish conductor and organist
  • 1980 – Nils-Eric Johansson, Swedish footballer
  • 1980 – Akira Kaji, Japanese footballer
  • 1980 – Michael Rupp, American ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Reggie Brown, American football player
  • 1981 – Shad Gaspard, American professional wrestler, bodyguard, and actor
  • 1981 – Jason James, Welsh musician (Bullet for My Valentine)
  • 1981 – Darrell Rasner, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Guillermo Coria, Argentine tennis player
  • 1983 – Julian Morris, English actor
  • 1983 – William Hung, American Idol contestant
  • 1983 – Ronny Turiaf, French basketball player
  • 1986 – Joannie Rochette, Canadian figure skater
  • 1989 – Triinu Kivilaan, Estonian singer
  • 1997 – Marius Borg Høiby, son of Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway

January 13 – Deaths:

  • 86 BC – Gaius Marius, Roman general and politician (b. 157 BC)
  • 703 – Empress Jito of Japan (b. 645)
  • 858 – King Ethelwulf of Wessex (b. 795)
  • 888 – Charles the Fat, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 839)
  • 1138 – Simon I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1076)
  • 1151 – Abbot Suger, French statesman and historian (b. 1081)
  • 1177 – Henry II of Austria (b. 1107)
  • 1330 – Frederick I of Austria (b. 1286)
  • 1363 – Meinhard III of Gorizia-Tyrol (b. 1344)
  • 1599 – Edmund Spenser, English poet (b. 1552)
  • 1625 – Jan Brueghel the Elder, Flemish painter (b. 1568)
  • 1630 – Yuan Chonghuan, Chinese military commander (b. 1584)
  • 1658 – Edward Sexby, English Puritan soldier (b. 1616)
  • 1691 – George Fox, English founder of the Quakers (b. 1624)
  • 1766 – King Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1723)
  • 1775 – Johann Georg Walch, German theologian (b. 1693)
  • 1790 – Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (b. 1712)
  • 1796 – John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
  • 1797 – Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, wife of Frederick II of Prussia (b. 1715)
  • 1832 – Thomas Lord, English cricketer, founder of Lord’s cricket ground (b. 1755)
  • 1838 – Ferdinand Ries, German composer (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest, humanist and revolutionary (b. 1783)
  • 1860 – William Mason, American politician (b. 1786)
  • 1864 – Stephen Foster, American composer (b. 1826)
  • 1882 – Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)
  • 1885 – Schuyler Colfax,American politician (b.1823)
  • 1889 – Solomon Bundy, American politician (b. 1823)
  • 1894 – Nadezhda von Meck, Russian patroness of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (b. 1831)
  • 1905 – George Thorn, Premier of Queensland (b. 1838)
  • 1906 – Alexander Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • 1915 – Mary Slessor, Scottish missionary (b. 1848)
  • 1923 – Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (b. 1842)
  • 1924 – Georg Hermann Quincke, German phsycist (b. 1834)
  • 1929 – Wyatt Earp, American Western lawman (b. 1848)
  • 1929 – H. B. Higgins, Australian politician and judge (b. 1851)
  • 1932 – Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (b. 1870)
  • 1934 – Paul Ulrich Villard, French physicist (b. 1860)
  • 1941 – James Joyce, Irish writer (b. 1882)
  • 1943 – Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss artist (b. 1889)
  • 1958 – Jesse L. Lasky, U.S. film producer (b. 1880)
  • 1962 – Ernie Kovacs, American actor and comedian (b. 1919)
  • 1967 – Anatole de Grunwald, British film producer and screenwriter (b. 1910)
  • 1971 – Robert Still, English composer (b. 1910)
  • 1974 – Raoul Jobin, Canadian tenor (b. 1906)
  • 1974 – Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet (b. 1904)
  • 1976 – Margaret Leighton, English actress (b. 1922)
  • 1978 – Hubert H. Humphrey, 38th Vice President of the United States (b. 1911)
  • 1978 – Joe McCarthy, American baseball manager (b. 1887)
  • 1979 – Donny Hathaway, American musician (b. 1945)
  • 1979 – Marjorie Lawrence, Australian soprano (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Andre Kostelanetz, Russian-born popular music conductor and arranger (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Marcel Camus, French film director (b. 1912)
  • 1988 – Chiang Ching-kuo, President of the Republic of China (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Camargo Guarnieri, Brazilian composer (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Max Harris, Australian poet, critic, columnist, commentator, publisher and bookseller (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Michael Cuccione, Canadian actor and singer (b. 1985)
  • 2002 – Ted Demme, American film director (b. 1963)
  • 2002 – Gregorio Fuentes, Cuban fisherman, reputed model for Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea (b. 1897)
  • 2002 – Frank Shuster, Canadian comedian (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Norman Panama, American screenwriter and director (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountain climber (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Harold Shipman, British serial killer (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Earl Cameron, Canadian broadcaster (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Nell Rankin, American mezzo-soprano (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Frank Fixaris, American sportscaster (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Marc Potvin, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1967)
  • 2007 – Michael Brecker, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1949)
  • 2007 – Danny Oakes, racecar driver (b. 1911)
  • 2008 – Sergei Larin, Lithuanian tenor (b. 1956)
  • 2008 – Johnny Podres, American baseball player (b. 1932)

January 13 – Holidays:

  • In Sweden, Christmas ends on the 20th day, St. Knut’s Day or Tjugondag Knut. Children celebrate a party throwing out the Christmas tree (julgransplundring).
  • In Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, in various Russophone communities, and in the Republic of Macedonia the Old New Year is celebrated (the New Year by the Old Style calendar) on the night of January 13/14.
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