On This Day in History January 22

January 22 – Events:

  • 565 – Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus.
  • 1506 – The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican.
  • 1517 – Turks conquer Cairo.
  • 1521 – Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms.
  • 1673 – Postal service between New York & Boston inaugurated.
  • 1771 – Spain cedes Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands to England.
  • 1824 – Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
  • 1840 – British colonists reach New Zealand.
  • 1859 – Brahms’ first piano concerto (in D minor) premiers, Hanover.
  • 1863 – The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish-Lithuanian-RuthenianCommonwealth from occupation of Russia.
  • 1877 – Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana – Zulu troops defeat British troops.
  • 1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke’s Drift – 139 British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an intense assault by four to five thousand Zulu warriors.
  • 1889 – Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1890 – The United Mine Workers of America was founded in Columbus, Ohio.
  • 1899 – Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
  • 1901 – Edward VII becomes King after his mother, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, dies.
  • 1905 – Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
  • 1906 – SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
  • 1917 – World War I: President Woodrow Wilson calls for “peace without victory” in Europe.
  • 1919 – Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People’s Republic and the WestUkrainianNationalRepublic.
  • 1924 – Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister.
  • 1927 – First live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world with the Arsenal F.C. vs. the Sheffield United at Highbury.
  • 1931 – Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
  • 1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom captures Tobruk from Nazi forces.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle which was an assault on Anzio, Italy.
  • 1946 – Iran: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people’s Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president; Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister.
  • 1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
  • 1947 – KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood, California.
  • 1952 – The first Jet airliner, the de Havilland Comet, enters service for BOAC.
  • 1957 – Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1957 – The New York City “Mad Bomber,” George P. Metesky, was arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and was charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
  • 1962 – The Organization of American States suspends Cuba’s membership.
  • 1963 – The Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany was signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
  • 1964 – World’s largest cheese (15,723 kg) manufactured, Wisconsin.
  • 1968 – “Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In” premiers on NBC.
  • 1968 – Apollo 5 launched to Moon; unmanned lunar module tests made.
  • 1969 – Orbiting Solar Observatory 5 launched into earth orbit.
  • 1970 – First commercial Boeing 747 flight, NY to London.
  • 1972 – “Emergency” with Robert Fuller premiers on NBC TV.
    1973 – George Foreman beats Joe Frazier for world heavyweight boxing title.
  • 1973 – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe v. Wade striking down state laws restricting abortion during the first six months of pregnancy.
  • 1973 – A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria killing 176.
  • 1980 – Andrei Sakharov is arrested in Moscow.
  • 1980 – PGA begins a senior golf tour.
  • 1981 – O.A. “Bum” Phillips becomes head coach of the New Orleans Saints.
  • 1984 – Annette Kennedy of SUNY sets women’s basketball record with 70 points.
  • 1984 Oakland Raiders beat Washington Redskins, 38-9, in Super Bowl XVIII.
  • 1984 – The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, was introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous “1984” television commercial.
  • 1987 – Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself at a press conference on live national television, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
  • 1988 – Heavyweight champ Mike Tyson KOs former champ Larry Holmes in 4.
  • 1989 – Super Bowl XXIII-San Francisco 49ers-20, Cincinnati Bengels-16
  • 1990 – Radio Borders[1] became the first station of the new decade to hit the UK airwaves. Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet worm.
  • 1991 – Gulf War. Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
  • 1992 – Rebel forces occupy Zaire’s national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government’s resignation.
  • 1992 – Space Shuttle program: STS-42 Mission – Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman in space.
  • 1995 – Israeli-Palestinian conflict: In central Israel, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
  • 1999 – Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
  • 2002 – Kmart Corp becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
  • 2003 – Last successful contact with the spacecraft Pioneer 10, one of the most distant man-made objects.
  • 2006 – Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country’s first indigenous president.
  • 2007 – The jury portion of the trial against Robert Pickton, accused of being Canada’s worst serial killer, opens in New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.

January 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1263 – Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)
  • 1440 – Ivan III of Russia (d. 1505)
  • 1553 – Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)
  • 1561 – Sir Francis Bacon, English philosopher (d. 1626)
  • 1570 – Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, English politician (d. 1631)
  • 1592 – Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist (d. 1655)
  • 1654 – Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
  • 1690 – Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. 1743)
  • 1729 – Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German author and philosopher (d. 1781)
  • 1733 – Philip Carteret, British Naval Officer
  • 1781 – François Antoine Habeneck, French violinist (d. 1849)
  • 1788 – George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (Lord Byron), English poet (d. 1824)
  • 1796 – Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • 1797 – Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
  • 1799 – Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)
  • 1820 – Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)
  • 1840 – Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1849 – August Strindberg, Swedish writer (d. 1912)
  • 1858 – Beatrice Webb, English economist (d. 1943)
  • 1869 – Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk (d. 1916)
  • 1874 – Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
  • 1875 – D. W. Griffith, American film director (d. 1948)
  • 1882 – Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer (d. 1956)
  • 1886 – Roman Ungern von Sternberg, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1921)
  • 1887 – Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1889 – Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (d. 1935)
  • 1890 – Fred M. Vinson, 13th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1953)
  • 1890 – Vinko Zganec, Croatian ethnomusicologist (d. 1976)
  • 1892 – Marcel Dassault, French industrialist (d. 1986)
  • 1893 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (d. 1943)
  • 1897 – Rosa Ponselle, American soprano (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Ernst Busch, German singer and actor (d. 1980)
  • 1902 – Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (d. 1970)
  • 1903 – Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
  • 1904 – George Balanchine, Russian choreographer (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – Arkady Gaidar, Russian children’s writer (d. 1941)
  • 1906 – Joe Gladwin, English actor (d. 1987)
  • 1906 – Robert E. Howard, American author (d. 1936)
  • 1907 – Douglas Corrigan, American pilot (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Dixie Dean, English footballer (d. 1980)
  • 1907 – Mary Dresselhuys, Dutch actress (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Lev Landau, Soviet physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1909 – Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)
  • 1909 – Ann Sothern, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – U Thant, Burmese 3rd United Nations Secretary General (d. 1974)
  • 1911 – Bruno Kreisky, Chancellor of Austria (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
  • 1913 – Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Dimitris Dragatakis, Greek composer (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Heinrich Albertz, German theologian and politician (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1972)
  • 1916 – Henri Dutilleux, French composer
  • 1918 – Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1920 – Sir Alf Ramsey, English football manager (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Howard Moss, American poet, dramatist, and critic (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – J. J. Johnson, American jazz trombonist and composer (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Lou Creekmur, American football player
  • 1928 – Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian (d. 2004)
  • 1931 – Sam Cooke, American singer (d. 1964)
  • 1932 – Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and former sexologist
  • 1932 – Piper Laurie, American actress
  • 1934 – Bill Bixby, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1934 – Graham Kerr, British-born chef
  • 1935 – Seymour Cassel, American actor
  • 1936 – Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1937 – Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader
  • 1937 – Joseph Wambaugh, American author
  • 1938 – Altair, Brazilian footballer
  • 1939 – Jeff Smith, American chef (d. 2004)
  • 1939 – Jean-Claude Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1994)
  • 1940 – Addie “Micki” Harris, singer (Shirelles) (d. 1982)
  • 1940 – John Hurt, English actor
  • 1940 – George Seifert, American football coach
  • 1942 – Mimis Domazos, Greek footballer
  • 1943 – Marília Pêra, Brazilian actress
  • 1945 – Arthur Beetson, Australian rugby league footballer and coach
  • 1946 – Malcolm McLaren, English impresario, musician and self-publicist
  • 1946 – Serge Savard, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1948 – Gilbert Levine, American conductor
  • 1949 – Mike Caldwell, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Phil Miller, English guitarist (National Health, In Cahoots, Matching Mole)
  • 1949 – Steve Perry, American singer and musician (Journey)
  • 1951 – Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (d. 1989)
  • 1952 – Teddy Gentry, American musician (Alabama)
  • 1952 – Ace Vergel, Filipino actor (d. 2007)
  • 1953 – Jim Jarmusch, American director
  • 1954 – Tully Blanchard, American professional wrestler
  • 1954 – Chris Lemmon, American actor
  • 1954 – Peter Pilz, Austrian politician
  • 1955 – Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician
  • 1956 – John Wesley Shipp, American actor
  • 1957 – Mike Bossy, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1957 – Francis Wheen, English writer and journalist
  • 1958 – Nikos Anastopoulos, Greek football player and manager
  • 1959 – Linda Blair, American actress
  • 1960 – Michael Hutchence, Australian singer (INXS) (d. 1997)
  • 1961 – Daniel Johnston, American singer-songwriter and artist
  • 1962 – Choi Min-sik, South Korean actor
  • 1962 – Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
  • 1963 – Andrei Tchmil, Ukrainian-Belgian cyclist
  • 1965 – Steven Adler, American drummer (Guns N’ Roses)
  • 1965 – DJ Jazzy Jeff, American rapper and actor
  • 1965 – Diane Lane, American actress
  • 1965 – Brian McCardie, Scottish actor
  • 1965 – Andrew Roachford, English singer and songwriter
  • 1965 – Chintara Sukapatana, Thai actress
  • 1966 – Ecaterina Szabo, Romanian gymnast
  • 1967 – Manabu Nakanishi, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Heath, Japanese bass guitarist (X Japan)
  • 1968 – Frank Leboeuf, French footballer
  • 1968 – Mauricio Serna, Colombian footballer
  • 1969 – Olivia d’Abo, English actress
  • 1969 – John Linton Roberson, American cartoonist
  • 1970 – Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist
  • 1970 – Alex Ross, American comic book painter (Marvels, Kingdom Come)
  • 1971 – Stan Collymore, English footballer
  • 1972 – Gabriel Macht, American actor
  • 1972 – Romi Paku, Japanese seiyu (voice actress)
  • 1972 – Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan racing driver (d. 1999)
  • 1973 – Rogerio Ceni, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Cameron McConville, Australian racing driver
  • 1975 – Balthazar Getty, American actor
  • 1975 – Felipe Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1975 – ZP Theart, South African singer
  • 1975 – David Výborný, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1976 – James Dearth, American football player
  • 1976 – Mikko Luoma, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Jono Gibbes, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese footballer
  • 1978 – Chone Figgins, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Jake Grove, American football player
  • 1980 – Christopher Masterson, American actor
  • 1980 – Ben Moody, American guitarist (Evanescence)
  • 1980 – Jonathan Woodgate, English footballer
  • 1981 – Willa Ford, American singer
  • 1981 – Beverley Mitchell, American actress
  • 1981 – Ibrahima Sonko, French footballer
  • 1982 – Fabricio Coloccini, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Jason Peters, American football player
  • 1983 – Shaun Cody, American football player
  • 1983 – Robert Steinhäuser, German perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)
  • 1984 – Ben Eager, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Raica Oliveira, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1984 – Leon Powe, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Maceo Rigters, Dutch footballer
  • 1985 – Mohamed Sissoko, Malian footballer
  • 1986 – Lee Pa-ni, South Korean model
  • 1986 – Robert O’Connor, Irish singer-songwriter, actor and model
  • 1986 – Rhys Barker, British Model, Musician
  • 1987 – Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1988 – Greg Oden, American basketball player

January 22 – Deaths:

  • 1536 – Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (b. 1495)
  • 1599 – Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (b. 1547)
  • 1666 – Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor of India (b. 1592)
  • 1750 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
  • 1763 – John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (b. 1690)
  • 1767 – Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minterologist and geologist (b. 1719)
  • 1779 – Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)
  • 1779 – Claudius Smith, American Revolutionary War loyalist (b. 1736)
  • 1840 – Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1892 – Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1813)
  • 1900 – David E. Hughes, American musician (b. 1831)
  • 1901 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (b. 1819)
  • 1921 – Captain George Streeter, American riverboat captain and circus owner (b. 1837)
  • 1922 – Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1837)
  • 1922 – Pope Benedict XV (b. 1854)
  • 1922 – Camille Jordan, French mathematician (b. 1838)
  • 1931 – Alma Rubens, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1945 – Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • 1949 – William Thomas Walsh, American author (b. 1891)
  • 1950 – Alan Hale, Sr., American actor (b. 1892)
  • 1951 – Karl Nessler, inventor of the perm (b. 1872)
  • 1959 – Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (b. 1929)
  • 1966 – Herbert Marshall, English actor (b. 1890)
  • 1967 – Robert Henriques, English writer (b. 1905)
  • 1968 – Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer (b. 1890)
  • 1973 – Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)
  • 1975 – Andrew George Burry, Swiss-born manufacturer and businessman (b. 1873)
  • 1978 – Oliver Leese, British World War II general (b. 1894)
  • 1978 – Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist (b. 1903)
  • 1982 – Tommy Tucker, American singer and pianist (b. 1933)
  • 1987 – Budd Dwyer, American politician (b. 1939)
  • 1988 – Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor (b. 1891)
  • 1991 – Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Abe Kobo, Japanese writer (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – Rhett Forrester, American singer (Riot) (b. 1956)
  • 1994 – Telly Savalas, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Jerry Blackwell, American professional wrestler (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, matriarch of the Kennedy family (b. 1890)
  • 1997 – Ron Holden, American singer (b. 1939)
  • 1997 – Billy Mackenzie, Scottish musician (Associates) (b. 1957)
  • 1997 – Wally Whyton, English musician (b. 1929)
  • 1999 – Graham Staines, Australian missionary (b. 1941)
  • 2000 – Craig Claiborne, American writer and editor (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska) (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Tommie Agee, American baseball player (b. 1942)
  • 2001 – Roy Brown, American clown (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Stanley Marcus, American business executive (b. 1905)
  • 2003 – Bill Mauldin, American World War II cartoonist (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Billy May, American composer and musician (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Thomas Mead, Australian politician and journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Ann Miller, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Carlo Orelli, Italian veteran of World War I (b. 1894)
  • 2005 – Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican songwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Rose Mary Woods, American Watergate scandal figure (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Doug Blasdell, American personal trainer
  • 2007 – Disco D, American music producer (b. 1980)
  • 2007 – Ngô Quang Tru?ng, South Vietnamese general (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Abbé Pierre, French priest (b. 1912)
  • 2008 – Heath Ledger, Australian Hollywood actor (b. 1979)

January 22 – Holidays:

  • Christianity – Feast day of St. Vincent, Anastasius of Persia.
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