On This Day in History February 9

February 9 – Events:

  • 474 – Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1555 – Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake.
  • 1621 – Gregory XV becomes Pope, the last Pope elected by acclamation.
  • 1775 – American Revolutionary War: British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion.
  • 1788 – The Habsburg Empire joins the Russo-Turkish War in the Russian camp.
  • 1822 – Haiti invades the newly founded Dominican Republic.
  • 1825 – After no presidential candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected the Provisional President of the Confederate States of America by the Confederate convention at Montgomery, Alabama.
  • 1870 – The U.S. Weather Bureau was established.
  • 1885 – The first Japanese arrive in Hawaii.
  • 1886 – President Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence.
  • 1889 – The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a  cabinet level agency.
  • 1895 – William G. Morgan modifies Mintonette to volleyball.
  • 1900 – Davis Cup competition is established.
  • 1904 – Russo–Japanese War: Battle of Port Arthur.
  • 1909 – First federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium).
  • 1916 – Britain’s military service act enforced (conscription).
  • 1918 Army chaplain school organized at Fort Monroe, Virginia.
  • 1920 – By the terms of the Svalbard Treaty, international diplomacy recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Arctic archipelago Svalbard, and designates it as demilitarized.
  • 1922 – Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1923 – Soviet Aeroflot airlines established.
  • 1934 – The Balkan Entente is formed.
  • 1940 – Joe Louis defends heavyweight boxing title beating Arturo Godov.
  • 1941 – Nazis provoke first anti-Jewish riots in Amsterdam.
  • 1942 – World War II: Top United States military leaders hold their first formal meeting to discuss American military strategy in the war.
  • 1942 – Daylight saving time goes into effect in the United States.
  • 1943 – World War II: Allied authorities declare Guadalcanal secure after Imperial Japan evacuates its remaining forces from the island, ending the Battle of Guadalcanal.
  • 1945 – The Battle of the Atlantic the HMS Venturer sinking U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
  • 1950 – Second Red Scare: Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States State Department of being filled with Communists.
  • 1953 – “The Adventures of Superman” TV series premiers in syndication.
  • 1960 – Joanne Woodward receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
  • 1962 – Jamaica becomes independent nation within the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1963 – First flight of Boeing 727 jet.
  • 1964 – The Beatles make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing before a “record-busting” audience of 73 million viewers.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The first United States combat troops are sent to South Vietnam.
  • 1969 – First test flight of the Boeing 747.
  • 1971 – Apollo 14 returns to Earth.
  • 1971 – The 6.4 on the Richter Scale Sylmar earthquake hits the San Fernando Valley area of California.  64 people die.
  • 1971 – Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to be voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned moon landing.
  • 1973 – Biju Patnaik of the Pragati Legislature Party elected leader of opposition in the state assembly in Orissa, India.
  • 1975 – The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returns to Earth.
  • 1985 – Madonna’s “Like a Virgin,” album goes #1.
  • 1986 – Comet Halley reaches perihelion, its closest approach to the sun, during its second visit to the inner solar system in the 20th century.
  • 1990 – “The Bradys” return to TV for 6 episodes on CBS TV.
  • 1991 – Voters in Lithuania vote for independence.
  • 1994 – Vance-Owen peace plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina is announced.
  • 1995 – Space Shuttle astronauts Bernard A. Harris, Jr. and Michael Foale become the first African American and first Briton, respectively, to perform spacewalks.
  • 1996 – The Irish Republican Army declares the end of its 18 month ceasefire shortly followed by a large bomb in London’s CanaryWharf.

February 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1533 – Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai (d. 1611)
  • 1645 – Johann Aegidius Bach, German violistian (d. 1716)
  • 1666 – George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (d. 1737)
  • 1748 – Luther Martin, American patriot (d. 1826)
  • 1756 – Karel Blažej Kopriva, Czech composer (d. 1785)
  • 1763 – Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden (d. 1830)
  • 1769 – Susette Gontard, the beloved of the poet Friedrich Hölderlin (d. 1802)
  • 1773 – William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States (d. 1841)
  • 1775 – Farkas Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1856)
  • 1781 – Johann Baptist von Spix, German scientist (d. 1826)
  • 1783 – Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (d. 1852)
  • 1789 – Franz Xaver Gabelsberger, German inventor of the stenography (d. 1849)
  • 1800 – Hyrum Smith, American religious leader (d. 1844)
  • 1814 – Samuel Jones Tilden, 28th Governor of New York (d. 1886)
  • 1830 – Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)
  • 1834 – Felix Dahn, German author (d. 1912)
  • 1839 – Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (d. 1896)
  • 1846 – Wilhelm Maybach, German automotive designer (d. 1929)
  • 1846 – Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (d. 1904)
  • 1865 – Mrs. Patrick Campbell, British actress (d. 1940)
  • 1865 – Erich von Drygalski, German geographer, geophysicist, and polar scientist (d. 1949)
  • 1874 – Amy Lowell, American poet (d. 1925)
  • 1880 – Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Alban Berg, Austrian composer (d. 1935)
  • 1891 – Ronald Colman, English actor (d. 1958)
  • 1892 – Peggy Wood, American actress (d. 1978)
  • 1892 – Tommy Treichel, American professional wrestler (d. 1936)
  • 1895 – Hermann Brill, German politician (d. 1959)
  • 1897 – Charles Kingsford Smith, Australian pilot (d. 1935)
  • 1901 – Brian Donlevy, Irish actor (d. 1972)
  • 1901 – James Murray, American actor (d. 1936)
  • 1902 – Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women’s leader (d. 1999)
  • 1906 – André Kostolany, stock market expert and speculator (d. 1999)
  • 1909 – Heather Angel, British actress (d. 1986)
  • 1909 – Carmen Miranda, Brazilian actress (d. 1955)
  • 1909 – Dean Rusk, 54th United States Secretary of State (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Harald Genzmer, German composer (d. 2007)
  • 1910 – Jacques Monod, French biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – William Darby, American WWII Army officer (d. 1945)
  • 1914 – Gypsy Rose Lee, American dancer (d. 1970)
  • 1914 – Ernest Tubb, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1914 – Bill Veeck, American baseball executive (d. 1986)
  • 1915 – Lennard Pearce, English actor (d. 1984)
  • 1916 – Tex Hughson, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1922 – Kathryn Grayson, American actress
  • 1922 – Jim Laker, English cricketer (d. 1986)
  • 1923 – Brendan Behan, Irish author (d. 1964)
  • 1925 – Burkhard Heim, German physicist (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Garret FitzGerald, 7th Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland
  • 1928 – Frank Frazetta, American illustrator
  • 1928 – Rinus Michels, Dutch football coach (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Roger Mudd, American journalist
  • 1929 – Clement Meadmore, Australian-born sculptor (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Garner Ted Armstrong, American evangelist (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Thomas Bernhard, Austrian playwright and novelist (d. 1989)
  • 1931 – Josef Masopust, Czech footballer
  • 1932 – Tatsuro Hirooka, Japanese baseball player
  • 1932 – Gerhard Richter, German painter
  • 1933 – Loris Azzaro, French fashion designer (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – John Ziegler, former NHL Commissioner
  • 1936 – Stompin’ Tom Connors, Canadian country singer
  • 1936 – Clive Swift, British actor
  • 1937 – Clete Boyer, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1939 – Barry Mann, American singer
  • 1939 – Janet Suzman, South African actress
  • 1940 – Brian Bennett, British musician (The Shadows)
  • 1940 – J. M. Coetzee, South African author, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 – Sheila Kuehl, American actress
  • 1942 – Carole King, American singer
  • 1943 – Barbara Lewis, American singer and songwriter
  • 1943 – Jonny Nilsson, Swedish speedskater
  • 1943 – Joe Pesci, American actor
  • 1943 – Joseph E. Stiglitz, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1944 – Derryn Hinch, Australian media personality
  • 1944 – Alice Walker, American writer
  • 1945 – Mia Farrow, American actress
  • 1945 – Gérard Lenorman, French singer
  • 1946 – Séan Neeson, Northern Irish politician
  • 1946 – Vince Papale, American football player
  • 1946 – Jim Webb, United States Senator from Virginia
  • 1947 – Carla Del Ponte, Swiss UN prosecutor
  • 1947 – Joe Ely, American musician
  • 1947 – Major Harris, American singer
  • 1949 – Judith Light, American actress
  • 1950 – Richard F. Colburn, American politician
  • 1952 – Danny White, American football player
  • 1952 – Mookie Wilson, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Ciarán Hinds, Northern Irish actor
  • 1953 – Gabriel Rotello, American television documentary producer
  • 1954 – Christopher Gardner, American entrepreneur
  • 1954 – Kevin Warwick, Cyborg Scientist
  • 1955 – JM J. Bullock, American actor
  • 1955 – Charles Shaughnessy, British actor
  • 1957 – Gordon Strachan, Scottish football player and manager
  • 1958 – Chris Nilan, National Hockey League player
  • 1958 – Cyrille Regis, English former footballer
  • 1960 – Holly Johnson, British singer (Frankie Goes to Hollywood)
  • 1961 – John Kruk, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Jussi Lampi, Finnish musician and actor
  • 1962 – Anik Bissonnette, Quebec ballet dancer (Les Grands Ballets Canadiens)
  • 1963 – Brian Greene, American physicist
  • 1963 – Travis Tritt, American singer
  • 1965 – Igor Malkov, Russian speedskater
  • 1965 – Julie Warner, American actress
  • 1966 – Ellen van Langen, Dutch athlete
  • 1966 – Harald Eia, Norwegian TV – comedian
  • 1967 – Todd Pratt, American baseball player
  • 1968 – Alejandra Guzmán, Mexican singer
  • 1969 – Jimmy Smith, American football player
  • 1970 – Glenn McGrath, Australian cricketer
  • 1971 – Sharon Case, American actress
  • 1971 – Johan Mjällby, Swedish footballer
  • 1972 – Crispin Freeman, American voice actor
  • 1972 – Darren Ferguson, Scottish footballer
  • 1972 – Jason Winston George, American actor
  • 1973 – Svetlana Boginskaya, Soviet gymnast
  • 1974 – Brad Maynard, National Football League punter
  • 1973 – Colin Egglesfield, American actor
  • 1974 – Amber Valletta, American model
  • 1975 – Viktor Chistiakov, Russian-born Australian athlete
  • 1975 – Clinton Grybas, Australian Football commentator (d. 2008)
  • 1976 – Charlie Day, American actor
  • 1976 – Vladimir Guerrero, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Georgios Korakakis, Greek footballer
  • 1978 – Airton Daré, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1978 – Daniel Mann, British television commentator
  • 1979 – David Gray, English snooker player
  • 1979 – Akinori Iwamura, Japanese baseball pitcher
  • 1979 – Irina Slutskaya, Russian figure skater
  • 1979 – Zhang Ziyi, Chinese actress
  • 1980 – Angelos Charisteas, Greek footballer
  • 1980 – Shelly Martinez, American wrestler
  • 1981 – Joël Camathias, Swiss racing driver
  • 1981 – John Walker Lindh, American Taliban fighter
  • 1982 – Ami Suzuki, Japanese singer
  • 1983 – Mikel Arruabarrena, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Han Kyung, Korean singer Super Junior
  • 1984 – Dioner Navarro, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1985 – David Gallagher, American actor
  • 1986 – Princess Raiyah bint Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1987 – Magdalena Neuner, German biathlete
  • 1987 – Joe O’Cearuill, Irish footballer
  • 1989 – Wu Chia-ching, Taiwanese pool player
  • 1989 – Gia Farrell, American singer
  • 1990 – Camille Winbush, American actress
  • 1996 – Jimmy Bennett, American actor

February 9 – Deaths:

  • 1011 – Bernard I, Duke of Saxony
  • 1199 – Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1147)
  • 1450 – Agnès Sorel, mistress of King Charles VII of France (b. 1421)
  • 1555 – Rowland Taylor, English pastor (executed) (b. 1510)
  • 1619 – Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)
  • 1640 – Murad IV, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1612)
  • 1675 – Gerhard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)
  • 1709 – François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (b. 1664)
  • 1751 – Henri François d’Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (b. 1668)
  • 1752 – Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (b. 1722)
  • 1777 – Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (b. 1706)
  • 1782 – Joseph Aloysius Assemani, Syrian orientalist (b. 1710)
  • 1803 – Jean François de Saint-Lambert, French poet (b. 1716)
  • 1857 – Dionysios Solomos, Greek poet of the Greek national anthem (b. 1798)
  • 1874 – Jules Michelet, French historian (b. 1798)
  • 1881 – Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (b. 1821)
  • 1891 – Johan Jongkind, Dutch painter (b. 1819)
  • 1906 – Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet (b. 1872)
  • 1940 – Eugene Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1857)
  • 1951 – Eddy Duchin, American musician (b. 1910)
  • 1957 – Miklós Horthy, Hungarian admiral (b. 1868)
  • 1960 – Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (b. 1870)
  • 1960 – Erno Dohnányi, Hungarian pianist, conductor and composer (b. 1877)
  • 1966 – Sophie Tucker, Russian-born actress (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – Gabby Hayes, American actor (b. 1885)
  • 1973 – Vasiliki Maliaros, Greek actress (b. 1883)
  • 1973 – Max Yasgur, American farmer (Woodstock Festival) (b. 1919)
  • 1976 – Percy Faith, Canadian musician (b. 1908)
  • 1977 – Sergey Ilyushin, Russian aircraft designer (b. 1894)
  • 1978 – Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Julio Jaramillo, Ecuadorian singer (b. 1935)
  • 1979 – Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1981 – Bill Haley, American musician (Bill Haley & His Comets) (b. 1925)
  • 1984 – Yuri Andropov, Soviet politician (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (b. 1928)
  • 1991 – James Cleveland, American gospel singer (b. 1931)
  • 1994 – Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – J. William Fulbright, American politician (b. 1905)
  • 1995 – David Wayne, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1997 – Brian Connolly, Scottish singer (Sweet) (b. 1945)
  • 1999 – Bryan Mosley, British actor (b. 1931)
  • 2001 – Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2002 – Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom (b. 1930)
  • 2002 – Vicente Sardinero, Spanish baritone (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Claude Ryan, Canadian newspaper director and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Freddie Laker, British airline entrepreneur (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Nadira, Indian actress (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Hank Bauer, American baseball player (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Ian Richardson, Scottish actor (b. 1934)
  • 2008 – Jazeh Tabatabai, Iranian avant-garde painter, poet and sculptor. (b. 1931)

February 9-Holidays

  • Saint Ansbert of Rouen
  • Saint Maron’s Day – Lebanon
  • Saint Apollonia, patron saint of dentists and dental technicians
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