On This Day in History March 6

March 6 – Events:

  • 1079 – Omar Khayyám completes the Iranian calendar.
  • 1447 – Nicholas V becomes Pope.
  • 1454 – Thirteen Years’ War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
  • 1479 – Treaty of Alcaçovas – Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa.
  • 1521 – Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Guam.
  • 1788 – The First Fleet arrives at Norfolk Island in order to found a convict settlement.
  • 1820 – The Missouri Compromise is signed into law by President James Monroe. The compromise allows Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, but makes the rest of the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase territory slavery-free.
  • 1834 – York, Upper Canada is incorporated as Toronto.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo – After a thirteen day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 187 Texas volunteers defending the Alamo are defeated and the fort is captured.
  • 1853 – The Giuseppe Verdi opera La Traviata premieres in Venice.
  • 1856 – The University of Maryland, College Park is chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College.
  • 1857 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case.
  • 1869 – Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
  • 1899 – Bayer registers aspirin as a trademark.
  • 1900 – A coal mine explosion in West Virginia traps 50 coal miners.
  • 1901 – In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany.
  • 1902 – The Spanish football club Real Madrid is founded.
  • 1921 – The Portuguese Communist Party is founded as the Portuguese Section of the Communist International.
  • 1925 – Pionerskaya Pravda, one of the oldest children’s newspapers in Europe, is founded.
  • 1925 – Belgium annexes Eupen, Malmedy, and Sankt Vith.
  • 1927 – Fritz Lang’s Metropolis is released.
  • 1940 – Winter War: An armistice is signed by Finland and the Soviet Union.
  • 1945 – A communist-dominated government under Petru Groza assumes power in Romania.
  • 1946 – Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.
  • 1951 – The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins.
  • 1953 – Georgy Maksimilianovich Malenkov succeeds Josef Stalin as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1957 – United Kingdom colonies Gold Coast and British Togoland become the independent Republic of Ghana.
  • 1957 – Israel withdraws its troops from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1964 – Prophet Elijah Muhammad officially gives Cassius Clay the name Muhammad Ali meaning “beloved of Allah”.
  • 1964 – Constantine II becomes King of Greece.
  • 1964 – Tom O’Hara sets a new world record for the indoor mile run by completing it in 3 minutes, 56.4 seconds.
  • 1970 – Suspected murderer Charles Manson releases Lie: The Love & Terror Cult to help finance his defense.
  • 1975 – Algiers Accord: Iran and Iraq announce a settlement of their border dispute.
  • 1981 – After 19 years presenting the CBS Evening News, Walter Cronkite signs off for the last time.
  • 1984 – Twelve-month-long strike in British coal industry begins.
  • 1987 – The British ferry MS Herald of Free Enterprise capsizes in about 90 seconds killing 193.
  • 1992 – The Michelangelo computer virus begins to affect computers.
  • 1992 – Founding of the Council of the Baltic Sea States.
  • 1994 – Referendum in Moldova results in the electorate voting against possible reunification with Romania.
  • 1997 – Picasso’s painting Tête de Femme is stolen from a London gallery, and is recovered a week later.

March 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1340 – John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (d. 1399)
  • 1405 – King John II of Castile (d. 1454)
  • 1459 – Jacob Fugger, German banker (d. 1525)
  • 1475 – Michelangelo, Italian artist (d. 1564)
  • 1483 – Francesco Guicciardini, Italian statesman and historian (d. 1540)
  • 1495 – Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (d. 1556)
  • 1619 – Cyrano de Bergerac, French soldier, poet (d. 1655)
  • 1663 – Francis Atterbury, British man of letters (d. 1732)
  • 1706 – George Pocock, British admiral (d. 1792)
  • 1716 – Pehr Kalm, Swedish explorer and naturalist (d. 1779)
  • 1761 – Antoine-Francois Andreossy, French General (d. 1828)
  • 1779 – Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (d. 1869)
  • 1787 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (d. 1826)
  • 1806 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet (d. 1861)
  • 1812 – Aaron Lufkin Dennison American watch manufacturer (d. 1895)
  • 1817 – Princess Clémentine of Orléans (d. 1907)
  • 1818 – William Claflin, 27th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
  • 1831 – Philip Sheridan, American Civil War Union cavalry officer (d. 1888)
  • 1834 – George du Maurier British illustrator and writer (d. 1896)
  • 1870 – Oscar Straus, Viennese operetta composer (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)
  • 1885 – Ring Lardner, American writer (d. 1933)
  • 1893 – Furry Lewis, American blues guitarist (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – Lefty Grove, American Baseball Player (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Empress Kojun of Japan (d. 2000)
  • 1904 – Joseph Schmidt, Austrian tenor (d. 1942)
  • 1904 – José Antonio Aguirre, Basque politician (d. 1960)
  • 1905 – Bob Wills, American singer (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Lou Costello, American actor comedian (d. 1959)
  • 1914 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1915 – Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, 52nd Da’i al Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohras
  • 1915 – Pete Gray, American baseball player (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Will Eisner, American illustrator and cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Frankie Howerd, English comedian (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Ed McMahon, American television personality (d. 2009)
  • 1925 – Wes Montgomery, American musician (d. 1968)
  • 1926 – Alan Greenspan, American economist
  • 1926 – Andrzej Wajda, Polish film director
  • 1927 – Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1927 – Gordon Cooper, astronaut (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Norman Treigle, American bass-baritone (d. 1975)
  • 1930 – Lorin Maazel, French-born American conductor
  • 1931 – Hal Needham, American stuntman
  • 1933 – Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – John Noakes, British television presenter
  • 1935 – Ron Delany, Irish athlete
  • 1936 – Bob Akin, American industrialist and race car driver (d. 2002)
  • 1936 – Marion Barry Jr., American politician
  • 1936 – Jean Boht, English actress
  • 1937 – Ivan Boesky, American stock trader
  • 1937 – Valentina Tereshkova, cosmonaut
  • 1939 – Adam Osborne, British author and computer designer (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Infanta Margarita of Spain, duchess of Soria
  • 1939 – Cookie Rojas, baseball player
  • 1940 – Joanna Miles, American actress
  • 1940 – Willie Stargell, baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1942 – Ben Murphy, American actor
  • 1944 – Kiri Te Kanawa, New Zealand singer
  • 1944 – Mary Wilson, American singer (Supremes)
  • 1946 – David Gilmour, British musician (Pink Floyd)
  • 1947 – Kiki Dee, British singer
  • 1947 – Dick Fosbury, American athlete
  • 1947 – Martin Kove, American actor
  • 1947 – Teru Miyamoto, Japanese author
  • 1947 – Rob Reiner, American actor, comedian, and film producer
  • 1948 – Anna Maria Horsford, American actress
  • 1949 – Shaukat Aziz, Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1949 – Martin Buchan, Scottish footballer
  • 1951 – Gerrie Knetemann, Dutch cyclist (d. 2004)
  • 1953 – Jan Kjærstad, Norwegian author
  • 1953 – Jacklyn Zeman, American actress
  • 1955 – Alberta Watson, Canadian actress
  • 1958 – Eddie Deezen, American actor
  • 1959 – Saul Anuzis, American politician
  • 1959 – Tom Arnold, American actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Valerie French, American animatronics art director
  • 1963 – D.L. Hughley, American comedian and actor
  • 1964 – Skip Ewing, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1964 – Madonna Wayne Gacy, American musician
  • 1966 – Alan Davies, British comedian and actor
  • 1967 – Connie Britton, American actress
  • 1967 – Julio Bocca, Argentinean Ballet Dancer
  • 1968 – Moira Kelly, American actress
  • 1968 – Michael Romeo, American musician (Symphony X)
  • 1969 – Andrea Elson, American actress
  • 1969 – Tari Phillips, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Amy Pietz, American actress
  • 1969 – Greg Scott, British TV personality
  • 1970 – Shane Brolly, British actor
  • 1971 – Sean Morley, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Darrick Martin, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Terry Murphy, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1972 – Shaquille O’Neal, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Michael Finley, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Sebastian Siegel, British-American actor
  • 1975 – Aracely Arambula, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1976 – Ken Anderson, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Giorgos Karagounis, Greek footballer
  • 1977 – Marcus Thames, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Sage Rosenfels, American Football Player
  • 1979 – Tim Howard, American soccer player
  • 1979 – David Flair, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Erik Bedard, Canadian baseball player
  • 1979 – Ryan Nyquist, American BMX rider
  • 1980 – Ross Mawhinney, British-born Italian radio DJ
  • 1981 – Ellen Muth, American actress
  • 1983 – Andranik Teymourian, Iranian footballer
  • 1984 – Becky, Japanese-British entertainer
  • 1985 – Albert Reed, American model
  • 1986 – Eli Marienthal, American actor
  • 1987 – Hannah Taylor-Gordon, English actress
  • 1992 – Momoko Tsugunaga, Japanese singer
  • 1996 – Savanah Stehlin, American actress

March 6 – Deaths:

  • 766 – Chrodegang of Metz, Frankish bishop of Metz
  • 1252 – Saint Rose of Viterbo, Italian saint (b. 1235)
  • 1490 – Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (b. 1458)
  • 1531 – Pedrarias Dávila, Spanish conquistador
  • 1627 – Krzysztof Zbaraski, Polish statesman (b. 1580)
  • 1754 – Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1694)
  • 1758 – Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington, English politician (b. 1705)
  • 1764 – Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1690)
  • 1796 – Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (b. 1713)
  • 1836 – Davy Crockett, American frontiersman (b. 1786)
  • 1836 – William Barret Travis, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1809)
  • 1836 – James Butler Bonham, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1807)
  • 1836 – Jim Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (b. 1796)
  • 1842 – Constanze Mozart, wife of W.A. Mozart (b. 1763)
  • 1854 – Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, British soldier and politician (b. 1778)
  • 1860 – Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (b. 1783)
  • 1866 – William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher, and historian of science (b. 1794)
  • 1881 – Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)
  • 1888 – Louisa May Alcott, American novelist (b. 1832)
  • 1895 – Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (b. 1813)
  • 1899 – Victoria Kaiulani, Hawaiian princess (b. 1875)
  • 1900 – Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and industrialist (b. 1834)
  • 1905 – John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician (b. 1818)
  • 1932 – John Philip Sousa, American band leader, conductor, and composer (b. 1854)
  • 1933 – Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1873)
  • 1935 – Fridolf Rhudin Swedish actor and comedian (b. 1895)
  • 1939 – Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (b. 1852)
  • 1941 – Gutzon Borglum, Danish sculptor (b. 1867)
  • 1948 – Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (b. 1914)
  • 1950 – Albert Lebrun, President of France (b. 1871)
  • 1951 – Ivor Novello, Welsh actor, musician, and composer (b. 1893)
  • 1951 – Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman (b. 1880)
  • 1952 – Jürgen Stroop, Nazi SS-leader (executed) (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – George Formby, British comedian and singer (b. 1904)
  • 1964 – King Paul of Greece (b. 1901)
  • 1965 – Margaret Dumont, American actress (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – John Haden Badley, English author and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1967 – Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (b. 1901)
  • 1967 – Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Nadya Rusheva, Russian painter (b. 1952)
  • 1970 – William Hopper, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1971 – Thurston Dart, English harpsichordist and conductor (b. 1921)
  • 1973 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1976 – Max ‘Slapsie Maxie’ Rosenbloom, American boxer and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – George Geary, English cricketer (b. 1893)
  • 1982 – Ayn Rand, Russian-American author (b. 1905)
  • 1985 – Henry Wilcoxon, Dominican actor (b. 1905)
  • 1986 – Georgia O’Keeffe, American artist (b. 1887)
  • 1988 – Vol. Mairéad Farrell, Vol. Seán Savage and Vol. Daniel McCann killed within minutes of each other; Irish Republicans.
  • 1994 – Melina Mercouri, Greek actress, political activist, and politician (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana (b. 1918)
  • 1997 – Michael Manley, Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Frank Barrett, American baseball player (b. 1913)
  • 1999 – Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifah, emir of Bahrain (b. 1933)
  • 1999 – Dennis Viollet, former footballer (b. 1933)
  • 2000 – John Colicos, Canadian actor (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Kim Walker, American actress (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Bryan Fogarty, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – John Sanford, American author (b. 1904)
  • 2004 – Frances Dee, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – Ray Fernandez, American professional wrestler (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Hans Bethe, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Tommy Vance, British radio disc jockey (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Danny Gardella, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Teresa Wright, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – King Floyd, American musician (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (b. 1960)
  • 2006 – Dana Reeve, American actress, wife of Christopher Reeve (b. 1961)
  • 2007 – Jean Baudrillard, French cultural theorist, philosopher, political commentator and photographer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Allen Coage (aka “Bad News Brown”, “Bad News Allen”), American professional wrestler and judoka (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (b. 1909)
  • 2008 – Peter Poreku Cardinal Dery Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Tamale, Ghana

March 6 – Holidays:

  • Ghana – Independence Day (from Britain, 1957)
  • Alamo Day in Texas
  • Saint Chrodegang
  • Saint Fridolin
  • Saint Colette aka Saint Coleta of Ghent
  • Saint Olegarius
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