On This Day in History March 7

March 7 – Events:

  • 161 – Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.
  • 321 – Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) is the day of rest in the Empire.
  • 1277 – Condemnation of 219 philosophical and theological theses by Stephen Tempier, Bishop of Paris.
  • 1798 – The French army enters Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic.
  • 1799 – Napoleon I of France captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
  • 1799 – The Royal Institution is founded.
  • 1814 – Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.
  • 1815 – Napoleon I of France meets troops of the Fifth Regiment sent by Louis XVIII at Grenoble, and convinces them to join him on his march to Paris.
  • 1827 – Brazil marines sail up the Rio Negro (Argentina) and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina. They are defeated by the local citizens.
  • 1827 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand.
  • 1848 – The Great mahele (land division) is signed in Hawaii.
  • 1850 – United States Senator Daniel Webster gives his “Seventh of March” speech in which he endorses the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war.
  • 1854 – Charles Miller patents the first sewing machine to stitch buttonholes.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Pea Ridge – Union forces led by General Samuel Curtis defeat Confederate troops under General Earl Van Dorn at Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas.
  • 1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the telephone (patent # 174,465).
  • 1912 – Roald Amundsen first announces to the world that his expedition has reached the South Pole, though they had arrived on December 14, 1911.
  • 1914 – Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign.
  • 1918 – World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
  • 1926 – The first transatlantic telephone call was made from New York City to London.
  • 1936 – World War II (Prelude to): In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles,  Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
  • 1945 – World War II: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, establish a bridgehead on Germany soil and in desperate fighting begin to establish a lodgement. This event shakes up the whole Western Front and greatly hastens the end of WW-II.
  • 1947 – The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • 1948 – The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending the Italian rule.
  • 1950 – Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy.
  • 1951 – Korean War: Operation Ripper – In Korea, United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against Chinese forces.
  • 1965 – In Selma, Alabama, State troopers and local law enforcement forcefully break up a group of 600 civil rights marchers. The event was televised and was dubbed Bloody Sunday.
  • 1968 – The BBC broadcasts the news for the first time in color on television.
  • 1969 – Golda Meir nominated by the Labor party as the first female Prime Minister of Israel.
  • 1988 – Colombia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1989 – Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel.
  • 1989 – The State Council of the People’s Republic of China declares martial law in Lhasa, Tibet.
  • 1994 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use.
  • 1995 – The U.S. state of New York reiterates the death sentence.
  • 1996 – The first democratically elected Palestinian parliament is formed.
  • 1996 – The Hubble Space Telescope makes the first pictures of the surface of Pluto.
  • 2004 – New Democracy wins the national elections in Greece.
  • 2005 – Mass protest outside the National Assembly of Kuwait building for women’s voting rights in Kuwait.
  • 2006 – Apple Inc. is granted the patent to the iPod.
  • 2007 – British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected.

March 7 – Birthdays:

  • 189 – Publius Septimius Geta, Roman Emperor (d. 211)
  • 1481 – Baldassare Peruzzi, Italian architect and painter (d. 1537)
  • 1556 – Guillaume du Vair, French writer (d. 1621)
  • 1671 – Robert Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero (d. 1734)
  • 1678 – Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (d. 1736)
  • 1687 – Jean Lebeuf, French historian (d. 1760)
  • 1693 – Pope Clement XIII (d. 1769)
  • 1715 – Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (d. 1759)
  • 1715 – Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist (d. 1755)
  • 1730 – Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (d. 1807)
  • 1765 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor of photography (d. 1833)
  • 1785 – Alessandro Manzoni, Italian writer (d. 1873)
  • 1788 – Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1878)
  • 1792 – John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871)
  • 1837 – Henry Draper, American physician and astronomer (d. 1882)
  • 1841 – William Rockhill Nelson, founder of the Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)
  • 1849 – Luther Burbank, American botanist (d. 1926)
  • 1850 – Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
  • 1850 – Tomáš Masaryk, first President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1937)
  • 1857 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1940)
  • 1872 – Piet Mondrian, Dutch painter (d. 1944)
  • 1873 – Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (d. 1959)
  • 1875 – Maurice Ravel, French composer (d. 1937)
  • 1878 – Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
  • 1887 – Heino Eller, Estonian composer (d. 1970)
  • 1888 – Alidius Warmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Dutch lawyer and politician (d. 1978)
  • 1893 – Milton Avery, American artist (d. 1965)
  • 1902 – Heinz Rühmann, German actor (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – Ivar Ballangrud, Norwegian speed skater (d. 1969)
  • 1904 – Reinhard Heydrich, German SS senior officer and Nazi official (d. 1942, by assassination)
  • 1908 – Anna Magnani, Italian actress (d. 1973)
  • 1915 – Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French politician (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Lee Young, American jazz drummer and singer
  • 1922 – Olga Aleksandrovna Ladyzhenskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Rene Gagnon, US Marine shown in photograph of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima (d. 1979)
  • 1927 – James Broderick, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and teacher (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Henri Landwirth, Belgian-American hotel owner and philanthropist
  • 1930 – Antony Armstrong-Jones, Lord Snowdon, former husband of Princess Margaret
  • 1932 – Gene Shalit, American film critic
  • 1933 – Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1998)
  • 1934 – Willard Scott, American television broadcaster
  • 1934 – Giorgos Katsaros, Greek musician and composer
  • 1938 – David Baltimore, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1938 – Janet Guthrie, American race car driver
  • 1940 – Rudi Dutschke, German student leader (d. 1979)
  • 1940 – Daniel J. Travanti, American actor
  • 1942 – Tammy Faye Bakker, American televangelist (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Michael Eisner, American film studio executive
  • 1942 – Charles R. Boutin, American politician
  • 1943 – Chris White, British musician (The Zombies)
  • 1944 – Stanley Schmidt, American editor
  • 1944 – Townes Van Zandt, American musician and songwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1945 – John Heard, American actor
  • 1945 – Arthur Lee, American musician (Love) (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Matthew Fisher, British musician (Procol Harum)
  • 1946 – Peter Wolf, American musician (J Geils Band)
  • 1947 – Richard Lawson, American actor
  • 1947 – Walter Röhrl, German race and rally car driver
  • 1947 – Helen Eadie, Scottish politician
  • 1949 – Ghulam Nabi Azad, Indian politician
  • 1950 – Iris Chacon, Puerto Rican singer and dancer
  • 1950 – Franco Harris, American football player
  • 1951 – Francis Rocco Prestia, American musician (Tower of Power)
  • 1952 – Ernie Isley, American musician (The Isley Brothers)
  • 1952 – Viv Richards, Antiguan West Indies cricketer
  • 1952 – Lynn Swann, American football player
  • 1953 – Teri McMinn, American Actress
  • 1955 – Tommy Kramer, American football player
  • 1955 – Anupam Kher, Bollywood Actor
  • 1956 – Bryan Cranston, American actor
  • 1957 – Robert Harris, English TV reporter and journalist
  • 1958 – Alan Hale, American astronomer
  • 1958 – Rik Mayall, British actor
  • 1959 – Donna Murphy, American actress
  • 1960 – Joe Carter, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Ivan Lendl, Czech tennis player
  • 1962 – Taylor Dayne, American singer
  • 1962 – Peter Manley, English Darts Player
  • 1963 – Bill Brochtrup, American actor
  • 1963 – Denyce Graves, American singer
  • 1964 – Bret Easton Ellis, American writer
  • 1964 – Wanda Sykes, American actress and comedienne
  • 1965 – Jack Armstrong, American baseball player
  • 1965 – Steve Beuerlein, American football player
  • 1965 – Jesper Parnevik, Swedish golfer
  • 1967 – Ai Yazawa, Japanese mangaka
  • 1968 – Denis Boucher, Canadian baseball player
  • 1968 – Jeff Kent, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Warrel Dane, American singer (Nevermore)
  • 1969 – Hideki Noda, Japanese racing driver
  • 1969 – Shin Ae Ra, Korean actress and radio DJ
  • 1971 – Rachel Weisz, British actress
  • 1971 – Peter Sarsgaard, American actor
  • 1972 – Jang Dong-gun, South Korean actor and musician
  • 1972 – Maxim Roy, Quebec actress
  • 1973 – Ray Parlour, English footballer
  • 1973 – Sébastien Izambard, operatic pop singer (Il Divo)
  • 1973 – Jason Bright, Australian racing driver
  • 1974 – Larry Bagby, American actor and musician
  • 1974 – Jenna Fischer, American actress
  • 1974 – Facundo Sava, Argentine footballer
  • 1976 – Chelsea Charms, American adult actress
  • 1977 – Gianluca Grava, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Ronan O’Gara, Irish rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Mitja Zastrow, German-born swimmer
  • 1980 – Anthony Ocaña, Dominican composer & guitarist
  • 1982 – Kate Michael, American beauty queen
  • 1982 – Erika Yamakawa, Japanese talent
  • 1983 – Manucho, Angolan footballer
  • 1984 – Mathieu Flamini, French footballer
  • 1984 – Dani Woodward, American Pornographic Star
  • 1985 – Thomas Erak, American guitarist
  • 1986 – Ben Griffin, Australian soccer player
  • 1989 – Gerald Anderson, Filipino actor and model
  • 1990 – Abigail and Brittany Hensel, American conjoined twins

March 7 – Deaths:

  • 322 BC – Aristotle, Greek philosopher (b. 384 BC)
  • 161 – Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor (b. 86)
  • 203 – Perpetua and Felicitas, Christian martyrs (perhaps after 209)
  • 308 – Saint Eubulus, Christian martyr
  • 851 – Nominoe, Duke of Brittany
  • 1226 – William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader
  • 1274 – Thomas Aquinas, Philosopher (b. 1225)
  • 1578 – Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (b. 1515)
  • 1625 – Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)
  • 1724 – Pope Innocent XIII (b. 1655)
  • 1767 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, French colonizer (b. 1680)
  • 1778 – Charles De Geer, Swedish industrialist (b. 1720)
  • 1810 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (b. 1750)
  • 1904 – Ferdinand André Fouqué, French geologist (b. 1828)
  • 1913 – Emily Pauline Johnson, Native Canadian poet
  • 1928 – Robert Abbe, American surgeon (b. 1851)
  • 1932 – Aristide Briand, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • 1938 – Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1876)
  • 1949 – Francis Dodd, English artist (b. 1874)
  • 1952 – Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (b. 1893)
  • 1954 – Otto Diels, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1957 – Wyndham Lewis, British author (b. 1882)
  • 1967 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion to Gertrude Stein (b. 1877)
  • 1974 – Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer and actor (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – Ben Blue, Canadian actor (b. 1901)
  • 1976 – Wright Patman, American politician (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Steve Bilko, American baseball player (b. 1928)
  • 1981 – Kiril Kondrashin, Russian conductor (b. 1914)
  • 1983 – Igor Markevitch, Ukrainian conductor and composer (b. 1912)
  • 1984 – Paul Rotha, English director (b. 1907)
  • 1986 – Jacob Javits, American politician (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – Divine, American actor (b. 1945)
  • 1988 – Robert Livingston, American film actor (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Cool Papa Bell, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Paul-Émile Victor, French explorer (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – E. H. Bronner, German-American soap magnate (b. 1908)
  • 1997 – Edward Mills Purcell, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Stanley Kubrick, American film director (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Charles Gray, British actor (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – Pee Wee King, American country music songwriter and musician (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Frankie Carle, American pianist and bandleader (b. 1903)
  • 2004 – Paul Winfield, American actor (b. 1941)
  • 2005 – John Box, British film production designer and art director (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Debra Hill, American screenwriter and film producer (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Ali Farka Touré, Malian musician (b. 1939)
  • 2006 – Gordon Parks, photographer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – John Junkin, British performer (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Afzaal Mahmood, Burmese Ambassador for Pakistan.

March 7 – Holidays:

  • Albania — Teacher’s Day
  • Bali, Indonesia – Day of Silence (Nyepi)
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Catholicism — Feast day of Saints Perpetua and Felicitas, patron saint of married women.
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