On This Day in History March 26

March 26 – Events:

  • 1026 – Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II as Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1199 – Richard the Lionheart is fatally wounded by a crossbow bolt during a siege in France, he dies eleven days later. The marksman, a French noble named Pierre Basile, is executed.
  • 1484 – William Caxton printed his translation of Aesop’s Fables.
  • 1552 – Guru Amar Das becomes the Third Sikh Guru.
  • 1636 – Utrecht University is founded in The Netherlands.
  • 1808 – Charles IV of Spain abdicates in favor of his son, Ferdinand VII.
  • 1812 – An earthquake destroys Caracas, Venezuela.
  • 1839 – The first Henley Royal Regatta is held.
  • 1881 – Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again.
  • 1913 – Balkan War: Bulgarian forces take Adrianople.
  • 1917 – World War I: First Battle of Gaza – British troops are halted after 17,000 Turks block their advance.
  • 1934 – Driving test introduced in the United Kingdom.
  • 1942 – World War II: In Poland, Auschwitz receives its first female prisoners.
  • 1945 – World War II: In Iwo Jima, US forces declare Iwo Jima as “secure.”
  • 1953 – Jonas Salk announces his polio vaccine.
  • 1958 – The United States Army launches Explorer 3.
  • 1958 – The African Regroupment Party (PRA) is launched at a meeting in Paris.
  • 1965 – A truck loses control down Moosic Street, Scranton, Pennsylvania, killing the driver. This accident later inspired the 1974 Harry Chapin song, “30,000 Pounds of Bananas.”
  • 1967 – Ten thousand people gather for the Central Park Be-In.
  • 1971 – East Pakistan declares its independence from Pakistan to form People’s Republic of Bangladesh and Bangladesh Liberation War begins.
  • 1975 – The Biological Weapons Convention enters into force.
  • 1976 – Queen Elizabeth II sent out the first royal email, from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment.
  • 1977 – Focus on the Family is founded by Dr. James Dobson.
  • 1979 – Anwar al-Sadat, Menachem Begin and Jimmy Carter sign the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty in Washington, DC.
  • 1982 – A groundbreaking ceremony for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is held in Washington, DC.
  • 1995 – The Schengen Treaty goes into effect.
  • 1996 – The International Monetary Fund approves a $10.2 billion loan for Russia.
  • 1997 – Thirty-nine bodies found in the Heaven’s Gate cult suicides.
  • 1998 – Oued Bouaicha massacre in Algeria; 52 people killed with axes and knives, 32 of them babies under the age of 2.
  • 1999 – The “Melissa worm” infects Microsoft word processing and e-mail systems around the world.
  • 1999 – A jury in Michigan finds Dr. Jack Kevorkian guilty of second-degree murder for administering a lethal injection to a terminally ill man.
  • 2005 – The Taiwanese government calls on 1 million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei, in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of the People’s Republic of China. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attend the walk.
  • 2006 – In Scotland, the prohibition of smoking in all substantially enclosed public places comes into force.
  • 2006 – The military junta ruling Myanmar officially named Naypyidaw, a new city in Mandalay Division, as the new capital. Yangon had formerly been the nation’s capital.

March 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1516 – Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist (d. 1565)
  • 1554 – Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (d. 1611)
  • 1698 – Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist (d. 1765)
  • 1749 – William Blount, American Statesman (d. 1800)
  • 1753 – Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (d. 1814)
  • 1773 – Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician and navigation expert (d. 1838)
  • 1794 – Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, German painter (d. 1872)
  • 1859 – Alfred Edward Housman, English poet (d. 1936)
  • 1859 – Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (d. 1919)
  • 1868 – King Fuad I of Egypt (d. 1936)
  • 1874 – Robert Frost, American poet (d. 1963)
  • 1875 – Max Abraham, German physicist (d. 1922)
  • 1875 – Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea (d. 1965)
  • 1876 – Prince William of Wied, sovereign Prince of Albania (d. 1945)
  • 1879 – Othmar Ammann, Swiss-born bridge engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1882 – Hermann Obrecht, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1940)
  • 1884 – Wilhelm Backhaus, German pianist (d. 1969)
  • 1886 – Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
  • 1894 – Viorica Ursuleac, Romanian soprano (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Rudolf Dassler, Founder of PUMA AG (d. 1974)
  • 1898 – Charles Shadwell, English conductor and bandleader (d. 1979)
  • 1888 – Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse (d. 1948)
  • 1893 – Palmiro Togliatti, Italian communist leader (d. 1964)
  • 1904 – Joseph Campbell, American author (d. 1987)
  • 1904 – Emilio Fernández, Mexican actor, screenwriter and film director (d. 1986)
  • 1904 – Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2004)
  • 1905 – Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Rafael Mendez, Mexican trumpetist (d. 1981)
  • 1908 – Franz Stangl, German commandant of Nazi concentration camps (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Bernard Katz, German-born biophysicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Tennessee Williams, American dramatist (d. 1983)
  • 1911 – T. Hee, American animator (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Paul Erdos, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Toru Kumon, Japanese educator (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – William Westmoreland, U.S. general (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Christian B. Anfinsen, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Bill Edrich, English cricketer (d. 1986)
  • 1916 – Sterling Hayden, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1917 – Rufus Thomas, American musician (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Strother Martin, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1922 – Oscar Sala, Italian-born physicist
  • 1923 – Gert Bastian, German politician (d. 1992)
  • 1923 – Bob Elliott, American comedian
  • 1925 – Pierre Boulez, French composer and conductor
  • 1925 – James Moody, American jazz musician, composer, and actor
  • 1930 – Gregory Corso, American poet (d. 2001)
  • 1930 – Sandra Day O’Connor, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1931 – Leonard Nimoy, American actor and director
  • 1934 – Alan Arkin, American actor
  • 1935 – Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestine National Authority
  • 1937 – Wayne Embry, American basketball player
  • 1938 – Anthony James Leggett, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1940 – James Caan, American actor
  • 1940 – Nancy Pelosi, American politician and 60th Speaker of the House
  • 1941 – Richard Dawkins, British evolutionary biologist
  • 1941 – Yvon Marcoux, Quebec politician
  • 1942 – Erica Jong, American author
  • 1943 – Bob Woodward, American journalist
  • 1944 – Diana Ross, American singer (Supremes)
  • 1945 – Mikhail Voronin, Soviet gymnast (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Johnny Crawford, American actor
  • 1946 – Alain Madelin, French politician
  • 1947 – Dar Robinson, American stuntman (d. 1986)
  • 1948 – Richard Tandy, British keyboardist (Electric Light Orchestra)
  • 1948 – Steven Tyler, American singer (Aerosmith)
  • 1949 – Vicki Lawrence, American actress and singer
  • 1949 – Patrick Süskind, German writer
  • 1950 – Teddy Pendergrass, American singer
  • 1950 – Martin Short, Canadian comedian
  • 1950 – Ernest Thomas, American actor
  • 1951 – Carl Wieman, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1952 – Didier Pironi, French Formula One driver (d. 1987)
  • 1953 – Elaine Chao, U.S. Secretary of Labor
  • 1953 – Lincoln Chafee, American Senator from Rhode Island
  • 1953 – Youssouf Togoïmi, Chadian rebel (d. 2002)
  • 1954 – Kazuhiko Inoue, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)
  • 1954 – Curtis Sliwa, American founder of the Guardian Angels
  • 1955 – Danny Arndt, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Charly McClain, American singer
  • 1957 – Leeza Gibbons, American television host
  • 1957 – Paul Morley, English music journalist and musician
  • 1958 – Chris Codiroli, American baseballer
  • 1958 – Elio de Angelis, Italian racing driver (d. 1986)
  • 1959 – Chris Hansen, American reporter and correspondent
  • 1960 – Catherine Keener, American actress
  • 1960 – Marcus Allen, American football player
  • 1960 – Jennifer Grey, American actress
  • 1961 – William Hague, British politician
  • 1962 – John Stockton, American basketball player
  • 1962 – Paul de Leeuw, Dutch television host
  • 1963 – Natsuhiko Kyogoku, Japanese writer
  • 1963 – Amparo Larrañaga, Spanish actress
  • 1963 – Roch Voisine, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1964 – Martin Donnelly, Irish racecar driver
  • 1964 – Ulf Samuelsson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Nick Wirth, British engineer
  • 1966 – Michael Imperioli, actor on The Sopranos
  • 1968 – Kenny Chesney, American singer
  • 1968 – James Iha, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins and A Perfect Circle)
  • 1968 – Laurent Brochard, French cyclist
  • 1971 – Behzad Ghorbani, Iranian zoologist and sociobiologist
  • 1972 – Jon Reep, American comedian and actor
  • 1973 – Heather Goldenhersh, American actress
  • 1973 – Lawrence E. Page, American search engine pioneer
  • 1973 – T.R. Knight, American actor
  • 1973 – Matt Burke, Australian Rugby Union player
  • 1974 – Mike Peca, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Amy Smart, American actress
  • 1976 – Natalia Livingston, American Soap actress
  • 1976 – Nurgül Yesilçay, Turkish actress
  • 1976 – Ufuk Talay, Australian soccer player
  • 1977 – Kevin Davies, English footballer
  • 1977 – Sylvain Grenier, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Anastasia Kostaki, Greek basketball player
  • 1979 – Hiromi Uehara, Japanese jazz pianist
  • 1979 – Pierre Wome, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1981 – Baruch Dego, Israeli football player
  • 1981 – Josh Wilson, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Mikel Arteta, Spanish footballer
  • 1983 – David Bennett, Canadian powerlifter and steamfitter
  • 1983 – Michael Brendli, American professional wrestler
  • 1984 – Gregory Strydom, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1984 – Stéphanie Lapointe, Canadian artist and singer, 2004 Star Académie winner
  • 1984 – Sara Jean Underwood, American model
  • 1985 – Keira Knightley, English actress
  • 1985 – Prosper Utseya, Zimbabwean cricket captain
  • 1985 – Jonathan Groff, American stage actor
  • 1987 – Yui, Japanese musician
  • 1991 – Brittney Wilson, Canadian actress

March 26 – Deaths:

  • 304 – Saint Emmanuel, Christian martyr killed under Diocletian
  • 922 – Al-Hallaj, Persian Sufi teacher and writer
  • 1130 – King Sigurd I of Norway (b. ca. 1090)
  • 1212 – King Sancho I of Portugal (b. 1154)
  • 1517 – Heinrich Isaac, Flemish composer
  • 1535 – Georg Tannstetter, Austrian scientist (b. 1482)
  • 1546 – Thomas Elyot, English diplomat
  • 1566 – Antonio de Cabezón, Spanish composer (b. 1510)
  • 1649 – John Winthrop, second governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1679 – Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (b. 1621)
  • 1697 – Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
  • 1726 – Sir John Vanbrugh, English dramatist (b. 1664)
  • 1772 – Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (b. 1704)
  • 1776 – Samuel Ward, American politician (b. 1725)
  • 1780 – Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1713)
  • 1793 – John Mudge, English physician (b. 1721)
  • 1797 – James Hutton, Scottish geologist (b. 1726)
  • 1814 – Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, namesake of the guillotine (b. 1738)
  • 1827 – Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (b. 1770)
  • 1858 – John Addison Thomas, American soldier (b. 1811)
  • 1881 – Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat (b. 1800)
  • 1892 – Walt Whitman, American poet (b. 1819)
  • 1902 – Cecil Rhodes, English explorer (b. 1853)
  • 1905 – Maurice Barrymore, actor; patriarch of the Barrymore family (b. 1849)
  • 1910 – Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)
  • 1910 – An Jung-geun, Japanese assassin of Ito Hirobumi (executed) (b. 1879)
  • 1920 – William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • 1923 – Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (b. 1844)
  • 1926 – Konstantin Fehrenbach, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1852)
  • 1929 – Katharine Lee Bates, American poet (b. 1859)
  • 1933 – Eddie Lang, American musician (b. 1902)
  • 1940 – Spiridon Louis, Greek runner, winner of the first modern Olympics
  • marathon (b. 1873)
  • 1942 – Jimmy Burke, American baseball player (b. 1874)
  • 1945 – David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1863)
  • 1951 – James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico (d. 1864)
  • 1957 – Édouard Herriot, French politician (b. 1872)
  • 1958 – Phil Mead, English cricketer (b. 1887)
  • 1959 – Raymond Chandler, American-born novelist (b. 1888)
  • 1969 – John Kennedy Toole, American author (b. 1937)
  • 1973 – Noel Coward, English composer and playwright (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Johnny Drake, American football player (b. 1916)
  • 1973 – Don Messer, Canadian fiddler (b. 1909)
  • 1973 – George Sisler, American baseball player (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Josef Albers, German artist (b. 1888)
  • 1976 – Lin Yutang, Chinese writer (b. 1895)
  • 1978 – Wilfred Pickles, English actor and broadcaster (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Anthony Blunt, British art historian and spy (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – Ahmed Sékou Touré, President of Guinea (b. 1922)
  • 1987 – Eugen Jochum, German conductor (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Halston, American fashion designer (b. 1932)
  • 1992 – Barbara Frum, Canadian journalist (b. 1937)
  • 1995 – Eazy-E, American rapper (b. 1963)
  • 1996 – Edmund Muskie, American politician (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – David Packard, American engineer and businessman (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Marshall Applewhite, American cult leader (b. 1931)
  • 2000 – Alex Comfort, American author (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Randy Castillo, American drummer (Ozzy Osbourne, Mötley Crüe) (b. 1950)
  • 2003 – Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senator (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Jan Berry, American musician (Jan and Dean) (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Jan Sterling, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – James Callaghan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Paul Hester, Australian drummer (Split Enz and Crowded House) (b. 1959)
  • 2005 – Marius Russo, American baseball player (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Anil Biswas, Indian politician (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Paul Dana, American race car driver (b. 1975)
  • 2006 – Nikki Sudden, British singer/songwriter (b. 1956)

March 26 – Holidays:

  • Independence Day – Bangladesh
  • Zoroastrianism – Prophet Zoroaster’s Birthday.
  • Prince Kuhio Day in Hawaii
  • Saint Emmanuel (died 304)
  • Saint Ludger
  • Saint Larissa
  • Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church: Synaxis of the Archangel Gabriel
  • Orthodox Christian liturgical calendar – Synaxis of St. Gabriel the Archangel
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s