On This Day in History March 28

March 28 – Events:

  • 37 – Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the  Senate.
  • 193 – Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
  • 364 – Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor.
  • 845 – Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.
  • 1776 – Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.
  • 1794 – Allies under the prince of Coburg defeated French forces at Le Cateau.
  • 1795 – Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
  • 1802 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid known to man.
  • 1809 – Peninsular War: In the Battle of Medelin France defeats Spain.
  • 1834 – The United States Senate censures President Andrew Jackson for his actions in defunding the Second Bank of the United States.
  • 1854 – Crimean War: France and Britain declare war on Russia.
  • 1860 – First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka begins.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Glorieta Pass – In New Mexico, Union forces succeed in stopping the Confederate invasion of New Mexico territory. The battle began on March 26.
  • 1871 – The Paris Commune is formally established in Paris.
  • 1910 – Henri Fabre becomes the first person to fly a seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion, after taking off from a water runway near Martigues, France.
  • 1913 – Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1920 – Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
  • 1930 – Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara.
  • 1939 – Spanish Civil War: Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquers Madrid.
  • 1940 – The exhibition center to host the Thessaloniki International Trade Fair starts being built.
  • 1941 – World War II: Battle of Cape Matapan – In the Mediterranean Sea, British Admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham leads the Royal Navy in the destruction of three major Italian battleships and two destroyers.
  • 1942 – World War II: In occupied France, British naval forces raid the German-occupied port of St. Nazaire.
  • 1979 – In Pennsylvania, a pump in the reactor cooling system fails in the Three Mile Island accident, resulting in the evaporation of some contaminated water causing a nuclear meltdown.
  • 1979 – British Prime Minister James Callaghan, is defeated by one vote in a Motion of No Confidence. This results in Parliament being dissolved in order to make way for a forthcoming General Election.
  • 2005 – The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the second strongest earthquake since 1960.
  • 2006 – At least 1 million union members, students and unemployed take to the streets in France in protest at the government’s proposed First Employment Contract law.

March 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1138 – Maimonides, Spanish rabbi and philosopher (d. 1204)
  • 1472 – Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist (d. 1517)
  • 1515 – Saint Teresa of Avila, Spanish Carmelite nun (d. 1582)
  • 1522 – Albert the Warlike, Prince of Bayreuth (d. 1557)
  • 1569 – Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma (d. 1622)
  • 1592 – Comenius, Czech bishop (d. 1670)
  • 1599 – Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (d. 1658)
  • 1609 – King Frederick III of Denmark (d. 1670)
  • 1613 – Xiaozhuangwen Grand Empress Dowager, Empress of Manchu (d. 1688)
  • 1652 – Samuel Sewall, American magistrate (d. 1730)
  • 1725 – Andrew Kippis, English clergyman and biographer (d. 1795)
  • 1750 – Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan revolutionary (d. 1816)
  • 1760 – Thomas Clarkson, British abolitionist (d. 1846)
  • 1773 – Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (d. 1844)
  • 1793 – Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer and geologist (d. 1864)
  • 1795 – Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian (d. 1876)
  • 1806 – Thomas Hare, English barrister (d. 1891)
  • 1815 – Arsène Houssaye, French novelist (d. 1896)
  • 1818 – Wade Hampton III, American soldier and politician (d. 1902)
  • 1819 – Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (d. 1891)
  • 1836 – Frederick Pabst, American brewer (d. 1904)
  • 1840 – Emin Pasha, Equatorian politician (d. 1892)
  • 1842 – William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)
  • 1849 – James Darmesteter, French author and antiquarian (d. 1894)
  • 1851 – Bernardino Machado, Portuguese politician (d. 1944)
  • 1862 – Aristide Briand, French politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1932)
  • 1866 – Jimmy Ross, Scottish footballer (d. 1902)
  • 1868 – Maxim Gorky, Russian author (d. 1936)
  • 1871 – Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor (d. 1951)
  • 1890 – Paul Whiteman, American bandleader (d. 1967)
  • 1892 – Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 1892 – Tom Maguire, Irish republican (d. 1993)
  • 1893 – Spyros Skouras, Greek-born American movie executive (d. 1971)
  • 1895 – Christian Herter, 59 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1966)
  • 1895 – Spencer W. Kimball, American religious leader (d. 1985)
  • 1897 – Sepp Herberger, German football coach (d. 1977)
  • 1899 – Harold B. Lee, American religious leader (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – August Anheuser Busch, Jr., brewing magnate and American baseball executive (d. 1989)
  • 1899 – Ernst Lindemann, German naval officer (d. 1941)
  • 1899 – Buck Shaw, American football coach (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Edward Wagenknecht, American literary critic (d. 2004)
  • 1902 – Dame Flora Robson, English actress (d. 1984)
  • 1902 – Jaromír Vejvoda, Czech composer (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (d. 1991)
  • 1903 – Charles Starrett, American actor (d. 1986)
  • 1905 – Marlin Perkins, American naturalist and television host (d. 1986)
  • 1905 – Pandro S. Berman, American film producer (d. 1996)
  • 1907 – “Swifty” Lazar, American talent agent (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Nelson Algren, American writer (d. 1981)
  • 1910 – Frederick Baldwin Adams, Jr., American Librarian (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Jimmie Dodd, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1910 – Queen Ingrid of Denmark (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language (d. 1960)
  • 1912 – A. Bertram Chandler Australian author (d. 1984)
  • 1912 – Marina Raskova, Russian navigator (d. 1943)
  • 1914 – Edward Anhalt, American screenwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Bohumil Hrabal, Czech writer (d. 1997)
  • 1914 – Edmund Muskie, American politician (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Kenneth Richard Norris, Australian entomologist (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Jay Livingston, American composer and songwriter (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Vic Raschi, American baseball player (d. 1988)
  • 1921 – Dirk Bogarde, English actor (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Neville Bonner, Australian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Felice Chiusano, Italian singer (d. 1990)
  • 1922 – Joey Maxim, American boxer (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Freddie Bartholomew, Irish actor (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Dorothy DeBorba, American child actress
  • 1926 – Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba
  • 1927 – Marianne Fredriksson, Swedish author (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Zbigniew Brzezinski, U.S. National Security Advisor
  • 1928 – Alexander Grothendieck, German mathematician
  • 1929 – Paul England, Australian racing driver
  • 1930 – Robert Ashley, American composer
  • 1930 – Elizabeth Bainbridge, English opera singer
  • 1930 – Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1933 – Tete Montoliu, Spanish jazz pianist (d. 1997)
  • 1933 – Frank Murkowski, American politician
  • 1935 – Michael Parkinson, English broadcaster
  • 1936 – Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian author and politician
  • 1940 – Tony Barber, Australian television personality
  • 1941 – Alf Clausen, orchestra conductor (The Simpsons)
  • 1941 – Jim Turner, American football player
  • 1942 – Daniel Dennett, American philosopher
  • 1942 – Neil Kinnock, British statesman
  • 1942 – Mike Newell, English film director
  • 1942 – Samuel Ramey, American opera singer
  • 1942 – Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (d. 1998)
  • 1942 – Jerry Sloan, American basketball player and coach
  • 1943 – Conchata Ferrell, American actress
  • 1944 – Rick Barry, American basketball player
  • 1944 – Ken Howard, American actor
  • 1945 – Count Björn Hamilton, Swedish politician
  • 1946 – Alejandro Toledo, President of Peru
  • 1946 – Wubbo Ockels, Dutch physicist and astronaut
  • 1947 – John Landecker, American disk jockey
  • 1948 – Dianne Wiest, American actress
  • 1948 – Gerry House, American radio personality
  • 1948 – John Evan, British musician (Jethro Tull)
  • 1948 – Milan Williams, American musician The Commodores (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Matthew Corbett, English retired actor
  • 1951 – Karen Kain, Canadian ballerina
  • 1951 – Matti Pellonpää, Finnish actor and musician (d. 1995)
  • 1952 – Tony Brise, racing driver (d. 1975)
  • 1953 – Melchior Ndadaye, Burundian politician (d. 1993)
  • 1954 – Morris Mason, American convicted rapist and murderer (d. 1985)
  • 1955 – John Alderdice, Northern Irish politician
  • 1955 – Reba McEntire, American singer and actress
  • 1956 – April Margera, Bam Margera’s mother
  • 1958 – Curt Hennig, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1959 – Chris Myers, American sportscaster
  • 1960 – Chris Barrie, British actor
  • 1960 – José Maria Neves, Cape Verdeian politician
  • 1961 – Byron Scott, American basketball player
  • 1962 – Jure Franko, Slovenian skier
  • 1962 – Terry Szopinski, American pro-wrestler
  • 1965 – Steve Bull, English footballer
  • 1968 – Iris Chang, American author (d. 2004)
  • 1968 – Nasser Hussain, English cricketer
  • 1968 – Jon Lee, British drummer (d. 2002)
  • 1968 – Tim Lovejoy, British television presenter
  • 1969 – Brett Ratner, American film director
  • 1969 – Rodney Atkins, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Vince Vaughn, American actor
  • 1970 – Michelle Gildernew, Irish republican politician
  • 1971 – Mr. Cheeks, American rapper
  • 1972 – Nick Frost, English comedian and actor
  • 1972 – Keith Tkachuk, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Eddie Fatu, Samoan professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Matt Nathanson, American singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Mark King, English snooker player
  • 1974 – Scott Mills, British radio disc jockey
  • 1975 – Shanna Moakler, former beauty queen
  • 1975 – Iván Helguera, Spanish footballer
  • 1975 – Matt Reis, American soccer goalkeeper
  • 1975 – Richard Kelly, American film director
  • 1975 – Derek Hill, American racing driver
  • 1976 – David Keuning, American guitar player (The Killers)
  • 1977 – Erik Rasmussen, American ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Lauren Weisberger, American novelist
  • 1979 – Park Chae-rim, South Korean actress
  • 1980 – Stiliani Pilatou, Greek long jumper
  • 1980 – Luke Walton, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Julia Stiles, American actress
  • 1981 – Edwar Ramirez, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Sonia Agarwal, Indian actress
  • 1983 – Ryan Ashington, English footballer
  • 1984 – Christopher Samba, French-born footballer
  • 1984 – Nikki Sanderson, British actress and model
  • 1984 – Yordanos Abay, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1986 – J-Kwon, American rapper
  • 1986 – Barbora Strýcová, Czech tennis player
  • 1988 – Lacey Turner, British soap actress
  • 1989 – Marek Suchý, Czech footballer
  • 1989 – Lukas Jutkiewicz, English footballer
  • 1989 – Mira Leung, Canadian figure skater
  • 1989 – Afrikan Boy, a grime MC
  • 1991 – Amy Bruckner, American actress
  • 1991 – Sophie Mullen, English actress

March 28 – Deaths:

  • 193 – Pertinax, Roman Emperor (b. 126)
  • 1072 – Ordulf, Duke of Saxony
  • 1239 – Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (b. 1180)
  • 1285 – Pope Martin IV
  • 1563 – Heinrich Glarean, Swiss music theorist (b. 1488)
  • 1566 – Sigismund von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat and historian (b. 1486)
  • 1677 – Václav Hollar, Czech-born actor (b. 1607)
  • 1687 – Constantijn Huygens, Dutch poet and composer (b. 1596)
  • 1794 – Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher (b. 1743)
  • 1850 – Gerard C. Brandon, American politician (b. 1788)
  • 1866 – Solomon Foot, American politician (b. 1802)
  • 1868 – James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan, British military leader (b. 1797)
  • 1870 – George Henry Thomas, American general (b. 1816)
  • 1874 – Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish astronomer (b. 1795)
  • 1881 – Modest Mussorgsky, Russian composer (b. 1839)
  • 1910 – David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1837)
  • 1910 – Edouard Judas Colonne, French violinist (b. 1838)
  • 1929 – Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (b. 1861)
  • 1939 – Francis Matthew John Baker, Australian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1941 – Virginia Woolf, English feminist writer (b. 1882)
  • 1942 – Miguel Hernández, Spanish poet, death in prison (b. 1910)
  • 1943 – Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian composer and pianist (b. 1873)
  • 1944 – Stephen Leacock, Canadian humorist (b. 1869)
  • 1946 – Chick Fullis, baseball player (b. 1904)
  • 1947 – Karol Swierczewski, Polish general (b. 1897)
  • 1949 – Grigoras Dinicu, Romanian composer and violinist (b. 1889)
  • 1953 – Jim Thorpe, American athlete (b. 1887)
  • 1958 – W.C. Handy, American composer (b. 1873)
  • 1965 – Jack Hoxie, American actor and rodeo performer (b. 1885)
  • 1965 – Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (b. 1888)
  • 1969 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th President of the United States (b. 1890)
  • 1974 – Dorothy Fields, American librettist and lyricist (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Arthur Crudup, American blues singer and guitarist (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Richard Arlen, American actor (b. 1898)
  • 1978 – Dino Ciani, Italian pianist (d. 1941)
  • 1979 – Emmett Kelly, American clown (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – Dick Haymes, Argentine-born singer and actor (b. 1918)
  • 1982 – William Giauque, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1985 – Marc Chagall, Russian-born painter (b. 1887)
  • 1986 – Virginia Gilmore. American actress (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – Maria von Trapp, Austrian-born singer (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Patrick Troughton, British actor (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – Scott Cunningham, Occult author (b. 1956)
  • 1995 – Hugh O’Connor, American actor (b. 1962)
  • 1999 – Freaky Tah, American rapper (Lost Boyz) (b. 1971)
  • 2000 – Anthony Powell, British novelist (b. 1905)
  • 2001 – Moe Koffman, Canadian musician (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Art James, American game show host (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Peter Ustinov, British actor (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Dame Moura Lympany, British pianist (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Caspar Weinberger, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Charles Schepens, American ophthalmologist (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Kevin Pro Hart, Australian artist (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Proinsias Ó Maonaigh, Irish musician (b. 1922)

March 28 – Holidays:

  • Slovakia, Czech Republic – Teachers’ Day.
  • Liturgical feasts:

o   Saint Castor

o   Saint Gontram (d. 592)

o   Saint Malchus

o   Saint Priscus

o   Saint Sixtus III

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s