On This Day in History April 10

April 10 – Events:

  • 879 – Louis III becomes King of the Western Franks.
  • 1500 – Ludovico Sforza is captured by the Swiss troops at Novara and handed over to the French.
  • 1606 – The Charter of the Virginia Company of London was established by royal charter by James I of England with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America.
  • 1710 – The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain.
  • 1741 – War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.
  • 1790 – United States Patent system established.
  • 1815 – Mount Tambora eruption covers several islands with ash in Indonesia.
  • 1816 – The U.S. government approved the creation of a Second Bank of the United States.
  • 1821 – Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
  • 1826 – The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year’s siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
  • 1856 – Theta Chi Fraternity Founded at Norwich University.
  • 1857 – The Sepoy Mutiny popularly known as the “Revolt of 1857” broke out in Meerut, India as part of the Indian independence movement.
  • 1864 – Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg is elected emperor of Mexico.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.
  • 1866 – The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
  • 1868 – At Arogee in Abyssinia, British and Indian forces defeat an army of Emperor Theodore.
  • 1869 – José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
  • 1874 – The first Arbor Day is celebrated in Nebraska, USA.
  • 1896 – Spiridon Louis wins the marathon of the first Olympic Games.
  • 1906 – The Four Million, O. Henry’s second short story collection, is published.
  • 1912 – The RMS Titanic leaves port in Southampton, England for her first and only voyage.
  • 1916 – The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.
  • 1919 – Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
  • 1925 – The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is first published in New York, New York by Charles Scribner’s Sons.
  • 1933 – New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps is created.
  • 1938 – Édouard Daladier becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Axis Powers in Europe establish the Independent State of Croatia from occupied Yugoslavia with Ante Pavelic’s Ustase fascist insurgents in power.
  • 1944 – Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from Birkenau death camp.
  • 1944 – Henry Ford II is named executive vice president of Ford Motor Company.
  • 1957 – The Suez Canal is reopened for all shipping after being closed for three months.
  • 1959 – Akihito, future Emperor of Japan, weds Michiko.
  • 1963 – The submarine USS Thresher is lost at sea, with all hands (129 officers, crewmen and civilian technicians).
  • 1968 – Shipwreck of the Wahine outside Wellington harbor.
  • 1971 – Ping Pong Diplomacy: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the
  • People’s Republic of China hosts the U.S. table tennis team for a weeklong visit.
  • 1972 – 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: For the first time since November 1967 American B-52 bombers begin bombing North Vietnam.
  • 1973 – A British Vanguard turboprop crashes during a snowstorm at Basel, Switzerland killing 104.
  • 1978 – Volkswagen becomes the first non-American automobile manufacturer to build cars in the United States, opening a plant in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.
  • 1979 – On “Terrible Tuesday,” a tornado lands in Wichita Falls, Texas killing 42 people.
  • 1991 – Italian ferry Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140.
  • 1991 – A rare tropical storm develops in the Southern Hemisphere near Angola; the first to be documented by satellites.
  • 1998 – The Belfast Agreement is signed.

April 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1389 – Cosimo de’ Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1464)
  • 1583 – Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (d. 1645)
  • 1651 – Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (d. 1708)
  • 1656 – René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France (d. 1718)
  • 1704 – Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1713 – John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (d. 1788)
  • 1735 – Button Gwinnett, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1777)
  • 1755 – Samuel Hahnemann, German physician (d. 1843)
  • 1762 – Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)
  • 1778 – William Hazlitt, English writer (d. 1830)
  • 1794 – Matthew Perry, American commodore (d. 1858)
  • 1829 – William Booth, English founder of the Salvation Army (d. 1912)
  • 1837 – Forceythe Willson, American poet (d. 1867)
  • 1847 – Joseph Pulitzer, American journalist and publisher (d. 1911)
  • 1864 – Eugen d’Albert, German composer (d. 1932)
  • 1867 – George William Russell, Irish nationalist (d. 1935)
  • 1868 – George Arliss, English actor (d. 1946)
  • 1880 – Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
  • 1880 – Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)
  • 1882 – Frances Perkins, American politician (d. 1965)
  • 1887 – Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1894 – Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist (d. 1983)
  • 1910 – Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (d. 2004)
  • 1911 – Martin Denny, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Stefan Heym, German author (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Harry Morgan, American actor
  • 1917 – Robert Burns Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1918 – Lee Bergere, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Chuck Connors, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Sheb Wooley, American actor and singer (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Roger Gaillard, Haitian historian and novelist (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Kenneth Noland, American painter
  • 1926 – Junior Samples, American musician (d. 1983)
  • 1927 – Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 – Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver and one-time F1 world champion (d. 1959)
  • 1929 – Max von Sydow, Swedish actor
  • 1930 – Claude Bolling, French jazz composer/pianist
  • 1930 – Norma Candal, Puerto Rican actress/comedian (d. 2006)
  • 1930 – Spede Pasanen, Finnish comedian (d. 2001)
  • 1932 – Omar Sharif, Egyptian actor
  • 1934 – David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (d. 2007)
  • 1934 – Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist
  • 1936 – John Madden, American football coach and broadcaster
  • 1937 – Bella Akhmadulina, Russian poet
  • 1938 – Don Meredith, American football player and broadcaster
  • 1941 – Paul Theroux, American author
  • 1942 – Ian Callaghan, English footballer
  • 1943 – Andrzej Badenski, Polish athlete
  • 1946 – David Angell, American television producer (d. 2001)
  • 1947 – Bunny Wailer, Jamaican musician
  • 1948 – Jaya Bachchan, Indian Actress
  • 1950 – Ken Griffey, Sr., American baseball player
  • 1950 – Eddie Hazel, American guitarist (P-Funk and The Temptations) (d. 1992)
  • 1950 – Akiko Wada, Japanese singer and television performer
  • 1951 – David Helvarg, American journalist and environmental activist
  • 1951 – Steven Seagal, American actor
  • 1954 – Peter MacNicol, American actor
  • 1955 – Lesley Garrett, British soprano
  • 1957 – John M. Ford, American science fiction author and poet (d. 2006)
  • 1957 – Steve Gustafson, American rock bassist (10,000 Maniacs)
  • 1958 – Bob Bell, British engineer
  • 1958 – Yefim Bronfman, Russian-born pianist
  • 1958 – Kenneth “Babyface” Edmonds, American music producer, musician, and film producer
  • 1959 – Yvan Loubier, Quebec politician
  • 1959 – Brian Setzer, American musician (Stray Cats)
  • 1960 – Steve Bisciotti, American owner of the Baltimore Ravens
  • 1960 – Katrina Leskanich, American singer (Katrina and the Waves)
  • 1962 – Steve Tasker, American football player
  • 1963 – Warren DeMartini, American rock guitarist (Ratt)
  • 1963 – Doris Leuthard, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1965 – Tim Alexander, American drummer (Primus)
  • 1967 – Donald Dufresne, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Orlando Jones, American actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Billy Jayne, American actor
  • 1969 – Ekaterini Koffa, Greek sprinter
  • 1970 – Matt Barlow, American former heavy metal singer (Iced Earth), now law enforcer
  • 1970 – Enrico Ciccone, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Leonard Dorin, Canadian boxer
  • 1970 – Kenny Lattimore, American singer
  • 1970 – Mike Mushok, American rock guitarist (Staind)
  • 1970 – Q-Tip, American rapper
  • 1971 – Al Reyes, Dominican baseball player
  • 1973 – Guillaume Canet, French actor and film director
  • 1973 – Roberto Carlos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1973 – Aidan Moffat, Scottish singer and musician (Arab Strap)
  • 1973 – Christopher Simmons, American designer
  • 1974 – Petros Passalis, Greek footballer
  • 1975 – Chris Carrabba, American singer (Dashboard Confessional)
  • 1976 – Sara Renner, Canadian cross country skier
  • 1979 – Shemekia Copeland, American singer
  • 1979 – Rachel Corrie, American activist (d. 2003)
  • 1979 – Tsuyoshi Domoto, Japanese artist
  • 1979 – Sophie Ellis-Bextor, English singer
  • 1979 – Peter Kopteff, Finnish footballer
  • 1980 – Sean Avery, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Charlie Hunnam, British actor
  • 1980 – Kasey Kahne, American race-car driver
  • 1980 – Bryce Soderberg, American rock bassist (Lifehouse)
  • 1981 – Laura Bell Bundy, American actress
  • 1981 – Liz McClarnon, British singer
  • 1981 – Michael Pitt, American actor
  • 1981 – Alexei Semenov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Damián Lanza, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1982 – Chyler Leigh, American actress
  • 1982 – Andre Ethier, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Ryan Merriman, American actor
  • 1984 – Mandy Moore, American singer/actress
  • 1985 – Dion Phaneuf, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Vincent Kompany, Belgian footballer
  • 1987 – Hayley Westenra, New Zealand soprano
  • 1988 – Haley Joel Osment, American actor
  • 1991 – Amanda Michalka, American actress/singer
  • 2007 – Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Dutch Princess

April 10 – Deaths:

  • 879 – Louis the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (b. 846)
  • 948 – King Hugh of Italy
  • 1533 – King Frederick I of Denmark (b. 1471)
  • 1545 – Costanzo Festa, Italian composer
  • 1585 – Pope Gregory XIII (b. 1502)
  • 1599 – Gabrielle d’Estrée, mistress of King Henry IV of France (b. 1571)
  • 1601 – Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
  • 1619 – Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin (b. c1550)
  • 1640 – Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer (b. 1578)
  • 1646 – Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)
  • 1704 – William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
  • 1706 – Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
  • 1756 – Giacomo Antonio Perti, Italian composer (d. 1661)
  • 1760 – Jean Lebeuf, French historian (b. 1687)
  • 1786 – John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)
  • 1813 – Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician (b. 1736)
  • 1823 – Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)
  • 1862 – W.H.L. Wallace, American Union general (b. 1821)
  • 1882 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet and painter (b. 1828)
  • 1904 – Queen Isabella II of Spain (b. 1830)
  • 1909 – Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet and critic (b. 1837)
  • 1919 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1879)
  • 1920 – Moritz Cantor, German mathematician (b. 1829)
  • 1931 – Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • 1945 – Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • 1945 – H.N. Werkman, Dutch artist and printer (b. 1882)
  • 1954 – Auguste Lumière, French film pioneer (b. 1862)
  • 1954 – Oscar Mathisen, Norwegian speed skater (b. 1888)
  • 1955 – Teilhard de Chardin, French paleontologist and theologian (b. 1881)
  • 1958 – Chuck Willis, American singer and songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 1962 – Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (b. 1886)
  • 1962 – Stuart Sutcliffe, English musician (The Beatles) (b. 1940)
  • 1965 – Lloyd Casner, American race car driver and owner (b. 1928)
  • 1965 – Linda Darnell, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1966 – Evelyn Waugh, English writer (b. 1903)
  • 1968 – Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (b. 1899)
  • 1969 – Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (b. 1893)
  • 1975 – Marjorie Main, American actress (b. 1890)
  • 1979 – Nino Rota, Italian composer (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Kay Medford, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Linda Creed, American songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1991 – Kevin Peter Hall, American actor (b. 1955)
  • 1991 – Natalie Schafer, American actress (b. 1900)
  • 1992 – Sam Kinison, American comedian (b. 1953)
  • 1993 – Chris Hani, South African activist (b. 1942)
  • 1994 – Sam B. Hall, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Morarji Desai, Indian activist (b. 1896)
  • 1997 – Michael Dorris, American author (b. 1945)
  • 1999 – Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (b. 1919)
  • 2000 – Peter Jones, English comedian (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Larry Linville, American actor (b. 1939)
  • 2000 – Kirsten Rolffes, Danish actress (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – Norbert Brainin, Austrian violinist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Iakovos, Archbishop of America (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Al Lucas, American football player (b. 1978)

April 10 – Holidays:

  • Saint Fulbert of Chartres
  • James, Azadanus and Abdicius
  • Saint Paternus
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