On This Day in History April 15

April 15 – Events:

  • 1450 – Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years’ War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English forces, ending English domination in Northern France.
  • 1632 – Battle of Rain; Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeat the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years’ War.
  • 1715 – Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.
  • 1738 – Premiere in London of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel.
  • 1755 – Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language published in London.
  • 1783 – Preliminary articles of peace ending Revolutionary War ratified.
  • 1802 – William Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy see a “long belt” of daffodils, inspiring the former to pen I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln dies after being shot the previous evening by John Wilkes Booth and Andrew Johnson becomes the 17th President of the United States.
  • 1892 – The General Electric Company forms.
  • 1906 – The establishing of the Armenian organization, AGBU.
  • 1912 – The British passenger liner RMS Titanic sinks after hitting an iceberg in the North Atlantic, causing the deaths of about 1,503 people.
  • 1920 – Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti allegedly murder two security guards while robbing a shoe store.
  • 1923 – Insulin first became generally available for use by diabetics.
  • 1924 – Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.
  • 1927 – Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford and Norma and Constance Talmadge become the first celebrities to leave their footprints in concrete at Grauman’s Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
  • 1940 – The Allies start their attack on the Norwegian town of Narvik which was occupied by Nazi Germany.
  • 1941 – Belfast Blitz: Two-hundred bombers of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) attacked Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing one thousand people.
  • 1942 – George Cross awarded to “to the island fortress of Malta – its people and defenders” by King George VI.
  • 1943 – An Allied bomber attack misses the Minerva automobile factory and hits the Belgian town of Mortsel instead, killing 936 civilians.
  • 1945 – The Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is liberated.
  • 1947 – Jackie Robinson debuts for the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team, breaking that sport’s color line.
  • 1955 – Ray Kroc opens his first franchise of McDonald’s restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois.
  • 1957 – White Rock, British Columbia officially separates from Surrey, British Columbia and is incorporated as a new city.
  • 1967 – Scotland defeat rivals England 3-2 at Wembley stadium, causing the Scottish fans to jokingly claim their side as “Unofficial World Champions,” creating the phenomenon of the Unofficial Football World Championships.
  • 1984 – British comedian Tommy Cooper suffers a massive heart attack while live on TV.
  • 1986 – The United States launch Operation El Dorado Canyon against Libya.
  • 1989 – Hillsborough disaster: A human crush occurs at Hillsborough Stadium, a football stadium in Sheffield, resulting in 96 deaths.
  • 1989 – Upon Hu Yaobang’s death, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 begin in the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1992 – National Assembly of Vietnam adopts the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1994 – Representatives of 124 countries and the European Communities sign the Marrakesh Agreements revising the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and initiating the World Trade Organization (effective January 1, 1995).
  • 1997 – Fire sweeps through a campsite of Muslims making the Hajj pilgrimage; the official death toll is 343.
  • 2002 – An Air China Boeing 767-200, flight CA129 crashes into hillside during heavy rain and fog near Busan, South Korea, killing 128.

April 15 – Birthdays:

  • 1452 – Leonardo da Vinci, Italian Renaissance polymath (d. 1519)
  • 1469 – Guru Nanak Dev, Founder of Sikhism (d. 1539)
  • 1489 – Sinan, Ottoman architect (d. 1588)
  • 1552 – Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1626)
  • 1588 – Claudius Salmasius, French classical scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1641 – Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)
  • 1642 – Suleiman II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1691)
  • 1646 – King Christian V of Denmark (d. 1699)
  • 1646 – Pierre Poiret, French mystic (d. 1719)
  • 1684 – Catherine I of Russia (d. 1727)
  • 1688 – Johann Friedrich Fasch, German composer (d. 1758)
  • 1707 – Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (d. 1783)
  • 1710 – William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)
  • 1721 – Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English military leader (d. 1765)
  • 1741 – Charles Willson Peale, American painter, soldier and naturalist (d. 1827)
  • 1772 – Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. 1844)
  • 1793 – Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German astronomer (d. 1864)
  • 1794 – Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist (d. 1867)
  • 1800 – James Clark Ross, English explorer (d. 1862)
  • 1809 – Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1832 – Wilhelm Busch, German poet (d. 1908)
  • 1841 – Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)
  • 1843 – Henry James, American author (d. 1916)
  • 1858 – Émile Durkheim, French sociologist (d. 1917)
  • 1861 – Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (d. 1929)
  • 1874 – George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)
  • 1874 – Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
  • 1875 – James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1953)
  • 1878 – Robert Walser, Swiss writer (d. 1956)
  • 1879 – Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer (d. 1980)
  • 1883 – Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
  • 1885 – Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • 1886 – Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1888 – Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (d. 1904)
  • 1889 – Thomas Hart Benton, American muralist (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – A. Philip Randolph, American activist (d. 1979)
  • 1892 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)
  • 1892 – Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)
  • 1894 – Bessie Smith, American blues singer (d. 1937)
  • 1895 – Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Joe Davis, English snooker player (d. 1978)
  • 1902 – Fernando Pessa, Portuguese journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1904 – Arshile Gorky, Armenian Artist (d. 1948)
  • 1907 – Nikolaas Tinbergen, Dutch ethologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Eden Ahbez, American songwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Kim Il-sung, President of North Korea (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)
  • 1917 – Hans Conried, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1917 – James Kee, American politician (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Richard von Weizsäcker, President of Germany
  • 1921 – Georgi Beregovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Michael Ansara, Syrian-American actor
  • 1922 – Harold Washington, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Sir Neville Marriner, English conductor
  • 1927 – Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland
  • 1933 – Roy Clark, American musician
  • 1933 – Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Boris Strugatsky, Russian author
  • 1936 – Raymond Poulidor, French cyclist
  • 1937 – Bob Luman, American country singer (d. 1978)
  • 1938 – Hso Khan Pha, Burmese politician
  • 1939 – Claudia Cardinale, Tunisian-born actress
  • 1939 – Marty Wilde, British singer
  • 1940 – Jeffrey Archer, British author
  • 1940 – Willie Davis, American baseball player
  • 1940 – Woodie Fryman, American baseball player
  • 1940 – Robert Lacroix, French Canadian professor of economics
  • 1940 – Robert Walker Jr., American actor
  • 1941 – Howard Berman, American politician
  • 1942 – Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate
  • 1942 – Walt Hazzard, American basketball player
  • 1942 – Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Dzhokhar Dudaev, Chechen leader (d. 1996)
  • 1944 – Dave Edmunds, Welsh musician
  • 1947 – Lois Chiles, American actress
  • 1947 – Cristina Husmark Pehrsson, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Mike Chapman, British songwriter
  • 1948 – Michael Kamen, American composer (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Tonio K, American singer
  • 1949 – Alla Pugacheva, Russian singer
  • 1950 – Josiane Balasko, French actress, director and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Amy Wright, American actress
  • 1951 – Heloise, American newspaper columnist
  • 1952 – Bengt Gingsjö, Swedish swimmer
  • 1952 – Kym Gyngell, Australian comedian
  • 1952 – Sam McMurray, American actor
  • 1954 – Seka, American pornographic actress
  • 1955 – Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)
  • 1956 – Michael Cooper, American basketball player
  • 1957 – Evelyn Ashford, American athlete
  • 1958 – Keith Acton, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1958 – Dolores Gordon-Smith, British Writer
  • 1958 – Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer
  • 1959 – Fruit Chan, Hong Kong film director
  • 1959 – Emma Thompson, English actress
  • 1959 – Thomas F. Wilson, American actor
  • 1959 – Kevin Lowe, Canadian ice hockey player and general manager
  • 1960 – Tony Jones, English snooker player
  • 1960 – Pedro Delgado, Spanish cyclist
  • 1960 – HRH Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant, heir to the Belgian throne
  • 1962 – Surjit Bindrakhia, Punjabi Bhangra singer
  • 1962 – Nawal El Moutawakel, Morrocan hurdler
  • 1962 – Tom Kane, American voice actor
  • 1963 – Bobby Pepper, American journalist
  • 1965 – Linda Perry, American musician
  • 1966 – Samantha Fox, English singer
  • 1967 – Frankie Poullain, British musician (The Darkness)
  • 1967 – Dara Torres, American swimmer
  • 1967 – Alt, Brazilian comic creator
  • 1968 – Ed O’Brien, British musician (Radiohead)
  • 1968 – Stacey Williams, American model
  • 1969 – Jeromy Burnitz, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Milton Bradley, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Jimmy Waite, Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1970 – Flex Alexander, American actor
  • 1971 – Katy Hill, British television presenter
  • 1971 – Sarah Jane Hamilton, British pornographic actress
  • 1971 – Jason Sehorn, American football player
  • 1972 – Lou Romano, American voice actor
  • 1972 – Arturo Gatti, Canadian boxer
  • 1974 – Mike Quinn, American football player
  • 1974 – Danny Pino, American actor
  • 1974 – Josh Todd, American musician (Buckcherry)
  • 1975 – Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)
  • 1976 – Jason Bonsignore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Susan Ward, American actress
  • 1977 – Brian Pothier, American ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Austin Aries, American wrestler
  • 1978 – Tim Corcoran, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Natalie Casey, British actress
  • 1980 – James Foster, English cricketer
  • 1980 – Raúl López, Spanish basketball player
  • 1980 – Victor Núñez, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1980 – Fränk Schleck, Luxembourgish cyclist
  • 1981 – Andrés D’Alessandro, Argentine football player
  • 1981 – Seth Wulsin, American artist
  • 1982 – Anthony Green, American musician
  • 1982 – Seth Rogen, Canadian actor and writer
  • 1983 – Ilya Kovalchuk, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Dudu Cearense, Brazilian footballer
  • 1983 – Bronson La’Cassie, Australian professional golfer
  • 1984 – Rodney Carney, NBA athlete
  • 1984 – Cam Janssen, American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – John Danks, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Aaron Laffey, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Quincy Owusu-Abeyie, Dutch footballer
  • 1986 – Thomas Heaton, English footballer
  • 1990 – Emma Watson, English actress
  • 1992 – Amy Diamond, Swedish singer

April 15 – Deaths:

  • 1053 – Godwin, Earl of Wessex
  • 1220 – Adolf of Altena, Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1415 – Manuel Chrysoloras, Greek humanist and grammarian
  • 1446 – Filippo Brunelleschi, Italian architect (b. 1377)
  • 1610 – Robert Parsons, English Jesuit priest (b. 1546)
  • 1621 – John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony
  • 1632 – George Calvert, Proprietor of the Avalon (Maryland) Colony (b. 1580)
  • 1641 – Domenico Zampieri, Italian painter (b. 1581)
  • 1652 – Patriarch Joseph, head of the Russian Orthodox Church
  • 1659 – Simon Dach, German poet (b. 1605)
  • 1704 – Johann van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (b. 1628)
  • 1719 – Françoise d’Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, second wife of Louis XIV of France (b. 1635)
  • 1754 – Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (b. 1676)
  • 1761 – Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)
  • 1761 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (b. 1696)
  • 1764 – Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1721)
  • 1764 – Peder Horrebow, Danish astronomer (b. 1679)
  • 1765 – Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian scientist and writer (b. 1711)
  • 1788 – Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer (b. 1711)
  • 1793 – Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer (b. 1718)
  • 1804 – Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)
  • 1854 – Arthur Aikin, English chemist, mineralogist, and writer (b. 1773)
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (b. 1809)
  • 1888 – Matthew Arnold, English poet (b. 1822)
  • 1889 – Father Damien, Belgian missionary (b. 1840)
  • 1898 – Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic
  • 1912 – Edward Smith, captain of the RMS Titanic (b. 1850)
  • 1927 – Gaston Leroux, French writer (b. 1868)
  • 1938 – César Vallejo, Peruvian poet (b. 1892)
  • 1942 – Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1943 – Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1882)
  • 1945 – Hermann Florstedt, Nazi leader (b. 1895)
  • 1948 – Radola Gajda, Czech military commander and politician (d. 1892)
  • 1949 – Wallace Beery, American actor (b. 1885)
  • 1957 – Pedro Infante, Mexican actor and singer (b. 1917)
  • 1962 – Clara Blandick, American actress (b. 1881)
  • 1963 – Edward “Carji” Greeves, Australian rules footballer (b. 1903)
  • 1969 – Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen of Spain (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Ripper Collins, American baseball player (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Dan Reeves, American football team owner (b. 1912)
  • 1974 – Giovanni D’Anzi, Italian songwriter (b. 1906)
  • 1975 – Richard Conte, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Raymond Bailey, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1982 – Arthur Lowe, British actor (b. 1915)
  • 1983 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (b. 1892)
  • 1984 – Tommy Cooper, Welsh comedy magician (b. 1921)
  • 1984 – Alexander Trocchi, Scottish writer (b. 1925)
  • 1986 – Jean Genet, French author (b. 1910)
  • 1988 – Kenneth Williams, English actor and comedian (b. 1926)
  • 1988 – Youri Egorov, Soviet classical pianist (b. 1954)
  • 1989 – Nesuhi Ertegün, American record executive (b. 1917)
  • 1989 – Hu Yaobang, Chinese politician (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Greta Garbo, Swedish actress (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (b. 1908)
  • 1993 – Leslie Charteris, Singapore-born author (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – John Curry, English figure skater (b. 1949)
  • 1995 – Harry Shoulberg, American painter, serigrapher (b. 1903)
  • 1998 – Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Harvey Postlethwaite, British engineer and racing car designer (b. 1944)
  • 2000 – Edward Gorey, American illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Joey Ramone, American musician and singer (The Ramones) (b. 1951)
  • 2002 – Damon Knight, American author (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Byron “Whizzer” White, American football player and U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1917)
  • 2003 – Erin Fleming, Canadian actress (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Reg Bundy, British performer (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Ray Condo, Canadian musician (b. 1950)
  • 2005 – John Fred, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Brant Parker, American cartoonist (b. 1920)

April 15 – Holidays:

  • Ancient Latvia — Tipsa Diena was observed.
  • Hawai’i – Father Damien Day — celebrated annually.
  • India – Baisakhi, Pôhela Boishakh, Rongali Bihu.
  • North Korea – Arirang Festival held to commemorate Kim Il-sung’s birth.
  • Roman Empire — the Fordicia was celebrated in honor of Terra.
  • United States – April 15 is the official deadline for filing an individual tax return (or requesting an extension) in most areas of the country.
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s