On This Day in History April 18

April 18 – Events:

  • 1025 – Boleslaw I the Brave was crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.
  • 1506 – The cornerstone of the current St. Peter’s Basilica is laid.
  • 1518 – Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.
  • 1775 – American Revolution: Two lanterns were hung in the steeple of the Old North Church in Boston, Massachusetts, indicating British advancement by sea; Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott ride to warn of impending arrests of Samuel Adams and John Hancock.
  • 1797 – Battle of Neuwied – French victory against the Austrians.
  • 1880 – An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • 1881 – Billy the Kid escapes from his two jailers at the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico, killing James Bell and Robert Ollinger before stealing a horse and riding out of town.
  • 1899 – St. Andrew’s Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.
  • 1906 – An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.9 destroys much of San Francisco, California.
  • 1906 – The Los Angeles Times runs a front-page story on the Azusa Street Revival, launching Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement.
  • 1909 – Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome.
  • 1915 – French pilot Roland Garros was shot down and glided to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • 1923 – Yankee Stadium, “The House that Ruth Built,” opens.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Doolittle Raid on Tokyo occurs.
  • 1942 – Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of Vichy France.
  • 1943 – World War II: “Operation Peacock”, Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot down by U.S. P-38 fighters over the Solomon Islands.
  • 1945 – Over 1,000 bombers attack the small island of Heligoland, Germany.
  • 1945 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia were established.
  • 1946 – The League of Nations is dissolved.
  • 1949 – The Republic of Ireland Act comes into force.
  • 1954 – Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power in Egypt.
  • 1958 – A U.S. federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound be released from an insane asylum.
  • 1961 – CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule.
  • 1974 – Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurates Lahore Dry port.
  • 1974 – Italian prosecutor Mario Sossi is kidnapped by the Red Brigades.
  • 1980 – The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country’s first President.
  • 1983 – A suicide bomber destroys the United States embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 63 people.
  • 1988 – U.S. launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the largest naval battle since World War II.
  • 1992 – General Abdul Rashid Dostum revolted against President Mohammad Najibullah of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and allied with Ahmed Shah Massoud to capture Kabul.
  • 1993 – President of Pakistan, Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolves the National Assembly and dismisses Cabinet.
  • 1996 – In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces shell the UN compound at Quana.
  • 2007 – The US Supreme Court upheld the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.
  • 2007 – 32 Chinese steel workers burn to death in the Qinghe Special Steel Corporation disaster.

April 18 – Birthdays:

  • 1480 – Lucrezia Borgia, Florentine ruler and daughter of Pope Alexander VI (d. 1519)
  • 1580 – Thomas Middleton, English dramatist (d. 1627)
  • 1590 – Ahmed I, Ottoman Emperor (d. 1617)
  • 1605 – Giacomo Carissimi, Italian composer (d. 1674)
  • 1771 – Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (d. 1820)
  • 1772 – David Ricardo, English economist (d. 1823)
  • 1797 – Adolphe Thiers, French statesman (d. 1877)
  • 1819 – Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban Revolutionary (d. 1874)
  • 1819 – Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer (d. 1895)
  • 1838 – Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist (d. 1912)
  • 1857 – Clarence Darrow, American attorney (d. 1938)
  • 1863 – Leopold Graf Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister (d. 1942)
  • 1864 – Richard Harding Davis, American author (d. 1916)
  • 1874 – Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (d. 1941)
  • 1875 – Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic, Croatian writer (d. 1938)
  • 1877 – Vicente Sotto, Filipino patriot, author (d. 1950)
  • 1880 – Sam Crawford, baseball player (d. 1968)
  • 1882 – Leopold Stokowski, Polish conductor (d. 1977)
  • 1888 – Duffy Lewis, American baseball player (d. 1979)
  • 1889 – Jessie Street, Australian suffragette, feminist, and human rights activist (d. 1970)
  • 1893 – Violette Morris, French athlete (d. 1944)
  • 1897 – Ardito Desio, Italian topographer (d. 2001)
  • 1901 – Al Lewis, American lyricist (d. 1967)
  • 1902 – Giuseppe Pella, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Hasidic Judaism leader (d. 1994)
  • 1904 – Pigmeat Markham, American comedian (d. 1981)
  • 1905 – George H. Hitchings, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Miklós Rózsa, Hungarian-born composer (d. 1995)
  • 1915 – Joy Gresham, American writer (d. 1960)
  • 1917 – Ty LaForest, Canadian baseball player (d. 1947)
  • 1917 – Frederika of Hanover, Queen Consort of Greece (d. 1981) 1918 – Cliff Hillegass, American publisher (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – Tony Mottola, American guitarist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Virginia O’Brien, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Jean Richard, French actor (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Barbara Hale, American actress
  • 1924 – Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown, American musician (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Henry Hyde, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 1927 – Samuel P. Huntington, American political scientist
  • 1930 – Clive Revill, New Zealand born actor
  • 1934 – George Shirley, American tenor
  • 1936 – Tommy Ivo, American race car driver
  • 1937 – Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin
  • 1939 – Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran
  • 1939 – Thomas J. Moyer, American judge
  • 1940 – Joseph L. Goldstein, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1940 – Mike Vickers, British guitarist and saxophonist (Manfred Mann)
  • 1942 – Jochen Rindt, German-Austrian racer and F1 (posthumous) world champion (d. 1970)
  • 1942 – Steve Blass, American professional baseball player
  • 1945 – Margaret Hassan, Irish-born aid worker (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Hayley Mills, English actress
  • 1947 – Kathy Acker, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1947 – Dorothy Lyman, American actress
  • 1947 – Herbert Mullin, American serial killer
  • 1947 – Cindy Pickett, American actress
  • 1947 – James Woods, American actor
  • 1949 – Geoff Bodine, American race car driver
  • 1950 – Kenny Ortega, American film and TV producer and choreographer
  • 1951 – Ricardo Fortaleza, Australian-Filipino boxer
  • 1951 – Pierre Pettigrew, Canadian politician
  • 1953 – Rick Moranis, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1956 – Anna Kathryn Holbrook, American actress
  • 1956 – Eric Roberts, American actor
  • 1956 – Melody Thomas Scott, American actress
  • 1956 – Poonam Dhillon, Indian actress
  • 1958 – Malcolm Marshall, Barbadian West Indies cricketer (d. 1999)
  • 1961 – Jane Leeves, British actress
  • 1961 – Steve Lombardi, American wrestler
  • 1963 – Eric McCormack, Canadian actor
  • 1963 – Conan O’Brien, American comedian
  • 1964 – Niall Ferguson, British historian
  • 1964 – Rithy Panh, Cambodian film director
  • 1964 – Jim Ellison, musician
  • 1964 – Mark Berry, aka Bez, Dancer in Happy Mondays
  • 1965 – Rob Stenders, Dutch radio discjockey
  • 1966 – Trine Hattestad, Norwegian athlete
  • 1966 – Valeri Kamensky, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Maria Bello, American actress
  • 1968 – Mary Birdsong, American actress
  • 1968 – David Hewlett, English born Canadian actor
  • 1969 – Princess Sayako of Japan
  • 1969 – Keith R.A. DeCandido, American author
  • 1970 – Greg Eklund, American musician
  • 1970 – Rico Brogna, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Tamara Braun, American actress
  • 1971 – David Tennant, Scottish actor
  • 1971 – Oleg Petrov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Eli Roth, American film director
  • 1973 – Derrick Brooks, American football player
  • 1973 – Haile Gebrselassie, Ethiopian athlete
  • 1973 – Brady Clark, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Mark Tremonti, American musician
  • 1974 – Millie Corretjer, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1974 – Edgar Wright, British director
  • 1976 – Melissa Joan Hart, American actress
  • 1976 – Fayray, Japanese singer
  • 1976 – Justin Ross, American politician
  • 1977 – Dan Lacouture, NHL hockey player
  • 1979 – Michael Bradley, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Anthony Davidson, British Formula One driver
  • 1979 – Nuria Fergó, Spanish singer
  • 1979 – Matthew Upson, English footballer
  • 1980 – Robyn Regehr, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Brian Buscher, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Marie-Élaine Thibert, Canadian singer
  • 1983 – Miguel Cabrera, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1984 – America Ferrera, American actress
  • 1985 – Lukasz Fabianski, Polish footballer
  • 1985 – Karl Reindler, Australian racing driver
  • 1986 – Maurice Edu, American soccer player
  • 1986 – Billy Butler, American baseball player
  • 1987 – Danny Guthrie, English footballer
  • 1987 – Sandra Lyng Haugen, Norwegian singer
  • 1989 – Alia Shawkat, American actress
  • 1996 – Alexey Zhigalkovich, Belarusian Singer
  • 2007 – Hayah bint Hamzah, Princess of Jordan
  • 2007 – Prince Lerotholi Seeiso, son of King Letsie III of Lesotho

April 18 – Deaths:

  • 1161 – Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1552 – John Leland, English antiquarian (b. 1502)
  • 1556 – Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (b. 1495)
  • 1567 – Wilhelm von Grumbach, German adventurer (b. 1503)
  • 1558 – Roxelana, wife of Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1636 – Julius Caesar, English judge
  • 1650 – Simonds d’Ewes, English antiquarian (b. 1602)
  • 1674 – John Graunt, English statistician (b. 1620)
  • 1689 – George Jeffreys, British Chief Justice (b. 1648)
  • 1732 – Louis Feuillée, French explorer (b. 1660)
  • 1794 – Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1714)
  • 1796 – Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist (b. 1732)
  • 1802 – Erasmus Darwin, English physician and botanist (b. 1731)
  • 1873 – Justus von Liebig, German chemist (b. 1803)
  • 1898 – Gustave Moreau, French painter (b. 1826)
  • 1906 – Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1846)
  • 1917 – Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (b. 1858)
  • 1935 – Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (b. 1884)
  • 1936 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer (b. 1879)
  • 1942 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socalite (b. 1875)
  • 1943 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral. (b. 1884)
  • 1945 – John Ambrose Fleming, English physicist and engineer (b. 1849)
  • 1945 – Ernie Pyle, American journalist (b. 1900)
  • 1945 – Prince William of Wied, sovereign Prince of Albania (b.1876)
  • 1947 – Josef Tiso, Slovakian leader (b. 1887)
  • 1951 – António Óscar Carmona, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11 President of Portugal (b. 1869)
  • 1955 – Albert Einstein, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
  • 1958 – Maurice Gamelin, French general (b. 1872)
  • 1964 – Ben Hecht, American writer (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (b. 1917)
  • 1967 – Karl Miller, German footballer (b. 1913)
  • 1974 – Marcel Pagnol, French novelist, playwright and filmmaker (b. 1895)
  • 1976 – Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization Engineer (b. 1911)
  • 1990 – Gory Guerrero, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – Masahiko Kimura, Japanese judoka (b. 1917)
  • 1995 – Arturo Frondizi, President of Argentina (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Brook Berringer, American football player (b. 1973)
  • 1996 – Bernard Edwards, American record producer (b. 1952)
  • 1998 – Terry Sanford, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Wahoo McDaniel, American football player and professional wrestler (b. 1938)
  • 2003 – Edgar F. Codd, English computer scientist (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, first Prime Minister of Fiji and President of Fiji (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Sam Mills, American football player (b. 1959)
  • 2007 – Iccho Itoh, mayor of Nagasaki (b. 1945)

April 18 – Holidays:

  • Iran – Army Day.
  • Zimbabwe – Independence Day.
  • United States – National Day of Silence (2007).
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:

o   Saint Apollonius (d. 185/6)

o   Saint Galdino (d. 1176)

o   Saint Perfecto (d. 850)

o   Saint Laserian

o   Saint Emma

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