On This Day in History April 21

April 21 – Events:

  • 753 BC – Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional).
  • 43 BC – Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Although Antony fails to capture Mutina, Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly afterwards.
  • 1509 – Henry VIII ascends the throne of England (unofficially) at the death of his father, Henry VII.
  • 1792 – Tiradentes, a revolutionary who was leading a movement for Brazil’s independence, is hanged and quartered.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of San Jacinto – Republic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • 1894 – Norway formally adopts the Krag-Jørgensen rifle as the main arm of its armed forces, a weapon that would remain in service for almost 50 years.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.
  • 1918 – World War I: German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, known as “The Red Baron,” is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France.
  • 1930 – A fire at a penitentiary in Columbus, Ohio, kills 320 people.
  • 1944 – Women in France receive the right to vote.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet Union forces south of Berlin at Zossen attack the German High Command headquarters.
  • 1952 – Secretary’s Day (now Administrative Professionals’ Day) is first celebrated.
  • 1960 – Brasília, Brazil’s capital, is officially inaugurated. At 9:30 am the Three Powers of the Republic are simultaneously transferred from the old capital, Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1962 – The Seattle World’s Fair (Century 21 Exposition) opens. It is the first World’s Fair in the U.S. since World War II.
  • 1965 – The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair opens for its second and final season.
  • 1966 – Rastafari movement: Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Jamaica, an event now celebrated as Grounation Day.
  • 1967 – A few days before the general election in Greece, Colonel George Papadopoulos leads a coup d’état, establishing a military regime that lasts for seven years.
  • 1970 – The Hutt River Province Principality secedes from Australia.
  • 1975 – Vietnam War: President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu flees Saigon, as Xuan Loc, the last South Vietnamese outpost blocking a direct North Vietnamese assault on Saigon, falls.
  • 1982 – Rollie Fingers of the Milwaukee Brewers becomes the first pitcher to record 300 saves.
  • 1987 – The Tamil Tigers are blamed for a car bomb that explodes in the Sri Lankan capital of Colombo, killing 106 people.
  • 1989 – Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989: In Beijing, around 100,000 students gather in Tiananmen Square to commemorate Chinese reform leader Hu Yaobang.
  • 1994 – The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomer Alexander Wolszczan.

April 21 – Birthdays:

  • 1555 – Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1619)
  • 1651 – Blessed Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (d. 1711)
  • 1652 – Michel Rolle, French mathematician (d. 1719)
  • 1671 – John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)
  • 1673 – Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1742)
  • 1713 – Louis, 4th duc de Noailles, Marshal of France (d. 1793)
  • 1729 – Empress Catherine II of Russia (d. 1796)
  • 1767 – Elisabeth of Württemberg, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1790)
  • 1774 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (d. 1862)
  • 1775 – Alexander Anderson, American illustrator (d. 1870)
  • 1810 – John Putnam Chapin, American politician (d. 1864)
  • 1811 – Alson Sherman, American politician (d. 1903)
  • 1814 – Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist (d. 1906)
  • 1816 – Charlotte Brontë, English author (d. 1855)
  • 1837 – Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, Nobel laureate (d. 1922)
  • 1838 – John Muir, American environmentalist (d. 1914)
  • 1851 – Charles Barrois, French geologist (d. 1939)
  • 1854 – William Stang, Roman Catholic Bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1864 – Max Weber, German economist and sociologist (d. 1920)
  • 1870 – Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer (d. 1941)
  • 1879 – Kartini, Indonesian national figure (d. 1904)
  • 1882 – Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1887 – Joe McCarthy, American baseball manager (d. 1978)
  • 1889 – Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Henry de Montherlant, French novelist and essayist (d. 1972)
  • 1905 – Pat Brown, American politician (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Ivan Combe, American inventor (d. 2000)
  • 1912 – Marcel Camus, French film director (d. 1982)
  • 1914 – Norman Panama, American screenwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Anthony Quinn, Mexican-born actor (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – Don Cornell, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer (d. 1991)
  • 1920 – Ronald Magill, British actor (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish author (d. 1987)
  • 1923 – John Mortimer, English barrister and writer
  • 1926 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  • 1926 – Arthur Rowley, English Footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Gerald Flood, British actor (d. 1989)
  • 1930 – Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989)
  •  1932 – Elaine May, American comedian
  • 1935 – Charles Grodin, American actor
  • 1935 – Thomas Kean, former Governor of New Jersey and 9/11 Commission Chairman
  • 1936 – James Dobson, American evangelist
  • 1938 – Ernie Maresca, American singer, songwriter and record executive
  • 1939 – Helen Prejean, American writer
  • 1944 – Adrian Hurley, Australian basketball coach
  • 1945 – Diana Darvey, British actress, singer and dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1947 – Iggy Pop, American musician (The Stooges)
  • 1947 – John Weider, British rock musician (Eric Burdon and the Animals, Family)
  • 1948 – Gary Condit, American politician
  • 1948 – Paul Davis, American singer
  • 1949 – Patti LuPone, American singer and actress
  • 1951 – Tony Danza, American actor and comedian
  • 1951 – Michael Hartley Freedman, American mathematician
  • 1951 – Robert Gotobed, English drummer (Wire)
  • 1951 – Steve Vickers, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1954 – James Morrison, American actor
  • 1954 – Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer
  • 1956 – Phillip Longman, American demographer
  • 1958 – Edward Leslie, American professional wrestler
  • 1958 – Andie MacDowell, American actress
  • 1958 – Michael S. Zarnock, American author/columnist/Guinness World Record Holder
  • 1958 – Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist
  • 1959 – Robert Smith, British musician (The Cure)
  • 1959 – Jerry Only, American musician (The Misfits)
  • 1959 – Michael Timmins, Canadian musician (Cowboy Junkies)
  • 1959 – Steve Collins, English businessman Phoenix Metal Finishers
  • 1960 – Michel Goulet, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Les Lancaster, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1963 – Roy Dupuis, Canadian actor
  • 1963 – John Cameron Mitchell, American film director
  • 1964 – Ludmila Engquist, Russian-born Swedish athlete
  • 1964 – Alex Baumann, Canadian Olympic swimmer
  • 1965 – Ed Belfour, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Karen Foster, American model (Playboy)
  • 1966 – Michael Franti, American musician
  • 1969 – Robin Meade, American reporter
  • 1970 – Rob Riggle, American comedian
  • 1970 – Nicole Sullivan, American actress
  • 1970 – Glen Hansard, Irish song-writer/actor
  • 1971 – Alexander Kravchenko, Russian professional poker player
  • 1971 – Eric Mabius, American actor
  • 1971 – Michael Turner, American comic book artist
  • 1972 – Severina Vuckovic, Croatian singer
  • 1972 – Gwendal Peizerat, French ice dancer
  • 1977 – Jamie Salé, Canadian figure skater
  • 1978 – Jacob Burns, Australian footballer
  • 1978 – Jukka Nevalainen, Finnish drummer (Nightwish)
  • 1978 – Branden Steineckert, American drummer (Rancid, formerly of The Used)
  • 1979 – Doseone, American rapper
  • 1979 – James McAvoy, Scottish actor
  • 1980 – Vincent Lecavalier, Canadian hockey player
  • 1980 – Tony Romo, American football player
  • 1981 – Stephanie Larimore, American model
  • 1982 – Carnell “Cadillac” Williams, American football player
  • 1983 – Pawel Brozek, Polish footballer
  • 1984 – Eric Devendorf, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Audra Cohen, American tennis player
  • 1986 – Alexander Edler, Swedish hockey player
  • 1987 – Nadif Chowdhury, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1988 – Pedro Mosquera, Spanish footballer
  • 1988 – Robbie Amell, Canadian actor
  • 2007 – Princess Isabella of Denmark

April 21 – Deaths:

  • 1073 – Pope Alexander II
  • 1109 – Anselm of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1142 – Pierre Abélard, French writer (b. 1079)
  • 1329 – Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)
  • 1509 – King Henry VII of England (b. 1457)
  • 1551 – Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • 1557 – Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (b. 1495)
  • 1574 – Cosimo I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1519)
  • 1699 – Jean Racine, French dramatist (b. 1639)
  • 1701 – Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (b. 1667)
  • 1719 – Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and historian (b. 1640)
  • 1720 – Antoine Hamilton, French writer (b. 1646)
  • 1722 – Robert Beverley, Jr., historian of Colonial Virginia (b. 1673)
  • 1792 – Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary (b. 1746)
  • 1793 – John Michell, English seismologist (b. 1724)
  • 1815 – Joseph Winston, U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (b. 1746)
  • 1825 – Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)
  • 1852 – Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)
  • 1868 – Henry James O’Farrell, Australian would-be assassin of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1910 – Mark Twain, American author and humorist (b. 1835)
  • 1918 – Manfred von Richthofen, German pilot (b. 1892)
  • 1924 – Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (b. 1858)
  • 1930 – Robert Bridges, English poet (b. 1844)
  • 1938 – Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet (b. 1877)
  • 1945 – Walter Model, German field marshal (b. 1891)
  • 1946 – John Maynard Keynes, English economist (b. 1883)
  • 1956 – Charles MacArthur, American writer (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1971 – François “Papa Doc” Duvalier, Haitian dictator (b. 1907)
  • 1973 – Arthur Fadden, thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
  • 1977 – Gummo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Sandy Denny, British vocalist (b. 1947)
  • 1978 – Thomas Wyatt Turner, American civil rights advocate and agricultural engineer (b. 1877)
  • 1980 – Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
  • 1980 – Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (b. 1928)
  • 1983 – Walter Slezak, Austrian actor (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Rudi Gernreich, Austrian fashion designer (b. 1922)
  • 1985 – Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Tancredo de Almeida Neves, Brazil banker and elected president (b. 1910)
  • 1986 – Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist (b.1930)
  • 1989 – Princess Dukhye of Korea (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Erté, French artist (b. 1892)
  • 1991 – Willi Boskovsky, Austrian violinist and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Dzhokhar Dudaev, Chechen leader (b. 1944)
  • 1996 – Jimmy “The Greek” Snyder, American bookie and sports broadcaster (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – Charles ‘Buddy’ Rogers, American actor and musician (b. 1904)
  • 2000 – Neal Matthews, Jr., American singer (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Nina Simone, American singer and pianist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Mary McGrory, American journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Gerry Marshall, British racing driver (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – T.K. Ramakrishnan, Indian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Telê Santana, Brazilian football manager (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Lobby Loyde, Australian guitarist and songwriter (b. 1941)

April 21 – Holidays:

  • San Jacinto Day – Texas state holiday.
  • Aggie Muster at Texas A&M University.
  • Roman Empire – the Parilia was held in honor of Pales.
  • Rome – city birthday.
  • Tiradentes – Brazil.
  • Grounation Day in Rastafari movement.
  • Liturgical feasts:

o   Holy Infant of Good Health

o   Saint Abdecalas

o   Saint Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury

o   Saint Anastasius I

o   Saint Konrad von Parzham

o   Saint Wolbodo

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s