On This Day in History April 22

April 22 – Events:

  • 1500 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil.
  • 1509 – Henry VIII ascends the throne of England after the death of his father.
  • 1529 – Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal along a line 297.5 leagues or 17° east of the Moluccas.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Grierson’s Raid begins – troops under Union Colonel Benjamin Grierson attack central Mississippi.
  • 1864 – The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act which mandates that the inscription “In God We Trust” be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
  • 1876 – The Boston Red Stockings defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 6-5 in the first National League Baseball game.
  • 1889 – At high noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Run of 1889. Within hours, the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS Nashville captures a Spanish merchant ship.
  • 1912 – Pravda, the “voice” of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, begins publications in Saint Petersburg.
  • 1915 – The use of poison gas in World War I escalates when chlorine gas is released as a chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres.
  • 1930 – The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Persecution initiated – Allied forces land in the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) area of New Guinea.
  • 1945 – World War II: After learning that Soviet forces have taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admits defeat in his underground bunker and states that suicide is his only recourse.
  • 1946 – The first installment of the popular Japanese comic strip, Sazae-san, is published in the Fukunichi Shimbun.
  • 1954 – Red Scare: Army-McCarthy Hearings begin.
  • 1964 – The 1964-1965 New York World’s Fair opens for its first season.
  • 1970 – First Earth Day celebrated.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts antiwar protests in New York City, San Francisco, and Los Angeles.
  • 1983 – The German magazine, Der Stern claims that Adolf Hitler’s diaries were found in a wreckage in East Germany.
  • 1992 – 1992 explosion in Guadalajara, Mexico ; 206 people were killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 were left homeless
  • 1993 – The Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC is dedicated.
  • 1993 – The web browser Mosaic version 1.0 is released.
  • 1997 – Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria; 93 villagers killed.
  • 1997 – A 126-day hostage crisis at the residence of the Japanese ambassador in Lima, Peru ends after government commandos storm and capture the building, rescuing 71 hostages. One hostage dies of a heart attack, two soldiers are killed from rebel fire, and all 14 rebels are slain.
  • 1998 – Disney’s Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
  • 2000 – In a predawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives’ home in Miami, Florida.
  • 2000 – The Big Number Change takes place in the United Kingdom.
  • 2004 – Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
  • 2006 – 243 people were injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces opened fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.
  • 2006 – Jalal Talabani sworn in for a second term as President of Iraq.

April 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1451 – Queen Isabella of Castile and Leon (d. 1504)
  • 1550 – Edward de Vere, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (d. 1604)
  • 1610 – Pope Alexander VIII (d. 1691)
  • 1658 – Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer (d. 1709)
  • 1690 – John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1692 – James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770)
  • 1707 – Henry Fielding, English author (d. 1754)
  • 1711 – Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)
  • 1724 – Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (d. 1804)
  • 1744 – James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)
  • 1766 – Madame de Staël, French author (d. 1817)
  • 1812 – Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist (d. 1894)
  • 1816 – Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general
  • 1832 – Julius Sterling Morton, Arbor Day founder (d. 1902
  • 1840 – Odilon Redon, French painter (d. 1916)
  • 1844 – Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)
  • 1852 – Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1912)
  • 1854 – Henri La Fontaine, Belgian lawyer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1943)
  • 1860 – Ada Rehan, American stage actress (d. 1916)
  • 1868 – Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)
  • 1870 (N.S.) – Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • 1872 – Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
  • 1873 – Ellen Glasgow, American author (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Robert Bárány, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1876 – Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (d. 1920)
  • 1881 – Alexander Kerensky, Russian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1884 – Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (d. 1939)
  • 1891 – Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1891 – Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1891 – Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1899 – Vladimir Nabokov, Russian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (d. 1967)
  • 1905 – Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – Eddie Albert, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1906 – Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, second in line to the Swedish throne (d. 1946)
  • 1907 – Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)
  • 1909 – Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1909 – Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
  • 1910 – Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1912 – Kathleen Ferrier, British singer (d. 1953)
  • 1914 – Jan de Hartog, Dutch writer (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace (d. 1944)
  • 1916 – Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Mickey Vernon, baseball player
  • 1919 – Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Charles Mingus, American musician (d. 1979)
  • 1922 – Wolf V. Vishniac, American microbiologist (d. 1973)
  • 1923 – Avis Bunnage, English actress (d. 1990)
  • 1923 – Bettie Page, American model
  • 1923 – Aaron Spelling, American television producer (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – George Cole, English actor
  • 1926 – Charlotte Rae, American actress
  • 1926 – James Stirling, British architect (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Laurel Aitken, Jamaican singer (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Paul Chambers, American jazz bassist (d. 1969)
  • 1936 – Glen Campbell, American musician
  • 1936 – Pierre Hétu, French Canadian conductor and pianist (d. 1998)
  • 1937 – Jack Nicholson, American actor
  • 1937 – Jack Nitzsche, American composer (d. 2000)
  • 1939 – Jason Miller, American playwright (d. 2001)
  • 1939 – Theodor Waigel, German politician and finance minister
  • 1943 – Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
  • 1944 – Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
  • 1946 – John Waters, American film writer
  • 1946 – Louise Harel, Quebec politician
  • 1946 – Nicole Garcia, French actress and director
  • 1946 – Steven L. Bennett, USAF Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1972)
  • 1950 – Peter Frampton, English musician
  • 1950 – Zygi Wilf, owner of the Minnesota Vikings
  • 1951 – Paul Carrack, English musician
  • 1952 – Marilyn Chambers, American actress
  • 1952 – François Berléand, French actor
  • 1953 – Juhani Komulainen, Finnish composer
  • 1955 – Johnnie To, Hong Kong film director and producer
  • 1957 – Donald Tusk, Polish Prime Minister
  • 1958 – Ken Olandt, American actor
  • 1959 – Catherine Mary Stewart, Canadian actress
  • 1959 – Ryan Stiles, Canadian-born actor
  • 1960 – Gary Rhodes, English chef
  • 1960 – Randall L. Stephenson, American business executive
  • 1962 – Jeff Minter, English video game programmer
  • 1965 – Lauri Hendler, actress
  • 1965 – Peter Zezel, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Mariana Levy, Mexican actress (d. 2005)
  • 1966 – Jeffrey Dean Morgan, American actor
  • 1967 – Sheryl Lee, American actress
  • 1967 – Harvey Williams, American football player
  • 1968 – Zarley Zalapski, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Dion Dublin, English footballer
  • 1970 – Andrea Giani, Italian volleyball player
  • 1970 – Regine Velasquez, Filipino singer and actress
  • 1971 – Daisuke Enomoto, Japanese people space tourist
  • 1972 – Owen Finegan, Australian rugby union footballer
  • 1973 – Adem Poric, Australian former footballer
  • 1973 – Ofer Talker, Israeli footballer
  • 1974 – Diego Costa, Brazilian Singer-Songwriter Co-founder of CultureMachine
  • 1974 – Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-born bassist (System of a Down)
  • 1975 – Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)
  • 1975 – Carlos Sastre, Spanish cyclist
  • 1976 – Michal Zewlakow, Polish footballer
  • 1976 – Paul Henderson, Australian soccer player
  • 1976 – Dan Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Mark van Bommel, Dutch footballer
  • 1977 – Aaron Fink, American guitarist (Breaking Benjamin)
  • 1978 – Jason Stollsteimer, American singer (The Von Bondies)
  • 1978 – Esteban Tuero, Argentinian race car driver
  • 1979 – Daniel Johns, Australian musician (Silverchair)
  • 1980 – Nicolas Douchez, French footballer
  • 1980 – Carlos Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1980 – Courtney Friel, presenter of World Poker Tour
  • 1981 – Ken Dorsey, American football player
  • 1981 – Ben Scott, English Cricketer
  • 1982 – Kaká, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Tim Hamilton, Slovak adult movie actor
  • 1983 – Matt Jones, American football player
  • 1984 – Michelle Ryan, English actress
  • 1984 – Amelle Berrabah, British singer (Sugababes)
  • 1986 – Dusan Sakota, Serbian-Greek basketball player

April 22 – Deaths:

  • 296 – Pope Caius
  • 455 – Petronius Maximus, Roman Emperor
  • 536 – Pope Agapetus I
  • 1592 – Bartolomeo Ammanati, Italian architect (b. 1511)
  • 1672 – Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish poet (b. 1598)
  • 1699 – Hans Erasmus Aßmann, Freiherr von Abschatz, German statesman (b. 1646)
  • 1758 – Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)
  • 1778 – James Hargreaves, English inventor (b. 1720)
  • 1806 – Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)
  • 1833 – Richard Trevithick, English inventor (b. 1771)
  • 1839 – Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (b. 1784)
  • 1854 – Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (b. 1786)
  • 1877 – James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • 1892 – Edouard Lalo, French composer (b. 1823)
  • 1893 – Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (b. 1825)
  • 1896 – Thomas Meik, British civil engineer (b. 1812)
  • 1908 – Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1836)
  • 1925 – André Caplet, French composer (b. 1878)
  • 1930 – Jeppe Aakjaer, Danish poet (b. 1866)
  • 1933 – Henry Royce, British automobile manufacturer (b. 1863)
  • 1945 – Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (b. 1867)
  • 1945 – Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1946 – Harlan F. Stone, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1872)
  • 1946 – Lionel Atwill, English Actor (b. 1885)
  • 1951 – Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (b. 1870)
  • 1968 – Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (b. 1911)
  • 1978 – Will Geer, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Jane Froman, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1980 – Fritz Strassmann, German physicist (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Earl “Fatha” Hines, American jazz pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1983 – John Louis Evans, convicted murderer (executed) (b. 1950)
  • 1984 – Ansel Adams, American photographer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (b. 1900)
  • 1985 – Jacques Ferron, French Canadian physician, author and politician (b. 1921)
  • 1986 – Mircea Eliade, Romanian writer (b. 1907)
  • 1988 – Irene Rich, American actress (b. 1891)
  • 1990 – Albert Salmi, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1994 – Richard Nixon, President of the United States (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – Maggie Kuhn, American activist (b. 1905)
  • 1996 – Erma Bombeck, American humorist (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Harold “Jug” McSpaden, American professional golfer (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Kitch Christie, South African rugby coach (b. 1940)
  • 1999 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – Linda Lovelace, American adult actress (b. 1949)
  • 2003 – Martha Griffiths, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Michael Larrabee, American athlete (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Felice Bryant, American songwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Pat Tillman, American football player and U.S. Army Ranger (killed in action) (b. 1976)
  • 2004 – Jason L. Dunham, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
  • 2005 – Philip Morrison, American physicist (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Erika Fuchs, German translator (b. 1906)
  • 2005 – Norman Bird, UK character actor (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Alida Valli, Italian actress (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Juanita Millender-McDonald, congresswoman from southern California (b. 1938)

April 22 – Holidays:

  • Earth Day
  • Brazil – Discovery Day
  • Abel McAedh
  • Acepsimas of Hnaita and companions
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s