On This Day in History April 30

April 30 – Events:

  • 313 – Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule.
  • 711 – Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
  • 1006 – Supernova SN 1006, the brightest supernova in recorded history, appears in the constellation Lupus.
  • 1483 – Orbital calculations suggest that on this day Pluto moved inside Neptune’s orbit until July 23, 1503.
  • 1492 – Spain gives Christopher Columbus his commission of exploration.
  • 1671 – Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.
  • 1789 – On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.
  • 1794 – The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
  • 1803 – Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling – overnight – the size of the young nation.
  • 1812 – The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.
  • 1838 – Nicaragua declares independence from the Central American Federation.
  • 1856 – Battle of Rivas, Nicaragua, against North American mercenaries.
  • 1863 – Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • 1871 – Camp Grant Massacre takes place in Arizona Territory.
  • 1894 – Coxey’s Army reaches Washington, D.C. to protest the unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893.
  • 1900 – Hawaii becomes a territory of the United States, with Sanford B. Dole as governor.
  • 1900 – Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
  • 1904 – The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World’s Fair opens in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1920 – Peru becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1925 – Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for USD $146 million plus $50 million for charity.
  • 1927 – The Federal Industrial Institute for Women, opens in Alderson, West Virginia, as the first women’s federal prison in the United States.
  • 1938 – The animated cartoon short Porky’s Hare Hunt debuts in movie theaters, introducing Happy Rabbit.
  • 1938 – The first televised FA Cup Final took place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End
  • 1939 – The 1939 New York World’s Fair opens.
  • 1939 – RCA-owned NBC begins regularly scheduled television service from its New York station with the opening ceremonies of the 1939 New York World’s Fair broadcast.
  • 1939 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to appear on television during the World Fair’s opening ceremonies broadcast.
  • 1943 – World War II: Operation Mincemeat – The submarine HMS Seraph surfaces in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer.
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide after being married for one day. Soviet soldiers raise the red flag over the Reichstag building.
  • 1947 – In Nevada, the Boulder Dam is officially renamed Hoover Dam.
  • 1948 – In Bogotá, Colombia, the Organization of American States is established.
  • 1973 – Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces top White House aids H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and others have resigned.
  • 1975 – Fall of Saigon: Communist forces gain control of Saigon. The Vietnam War formally ends with the unconditional surrender of South Vietnamese president Duong Van Minh.
  • 1980 – Accession of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands.
  • 1991 – A tropical cyclone hits Bangladesh killing an estimated 138,000 people.
  • 1993 – The World Wide Web was born at CERN.
  • 1995 – U.S. President Bill Clinton became the first U.S. President to visit Northern Ireland.
  • 1999 – Cambodia joins the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bringing the total members to 10.
  • 2001 – The Mitchell Report on the Arab-Israeli conflict is published.
  • 2002 – A referendum in Pakistan overwhelmingly approves the Presidency of Pervez Musharraf for another five years.

April 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1245 – King Philip III of France (d. 1285)
  • 1553 – Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont, queen of France (d. 1601)
  • 1623 – François de Laval, first bishop of New France (d. 1708)
  • 1651 – Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French educational reformer, Catholic saint (d. 1719)
  • 1662 – Queen Mary II of England (d. 1694)
  • 1664 – François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (d. 1709)
  • 1710 – Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (d. 1795)
  • 1721 – Roger Sherman, American statesman (d. 1793)
  • 1723 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French naturalist (d. 1806)
  • 1770 – David Thompson, Canadian explorer (d. 1857)
  • 1777 – Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician (d. 1855)
  • 1803 – Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (d. 1879)
  • 1812 – Kaspar Hauser, German mystery boy (d. 1833)
  • 1829 – Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (d. 1884)
  • 1857 – Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1940)
  • 1864 – Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (d. 1913)
  • 1865 – Max Nettlau, German anarchist (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)
  • 1870 – Franz Lehár, Austrian composer (d. 1948)
  • 1874 – Cyriel Verschaeve, Flemish clergyman (d. 1949)
  • 1876 – Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (d. 1937)
  • 1877 – Alice B. Toklas, American companion of Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)
  • 1883 – Jaroslav Hašek, Czech novelist (d. 1923)
  • 1893 – Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister (d. 1946)
  • 1895 – Philippe Panneton, French Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (d. 1960)
  • 1896 – Hans List, Austrian inventor (d. 1996)
  • 1897 – Humberto Mauro, Brazillina director and screenwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – Simon Kuznets, Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1902 – Theodore Schultz, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (d. 1970)
  • 1909 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1909 – F. E. McWilliam,Irish sculptor (d. 1992)
  • 1916 – Claude Shannon, American engineer and mathematician (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Robert Shaw, American conductor (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Duncan Hamilton, British racing driver (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Percy Heath, American jazz musician (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Al Lewis, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Corinne Calvet, French actress (d. 2001)
  • 1925 – Johnny Horton, American musician (d. 1960)
  • 1926 – Cloris Leachman, American actress
  • 1928 – Hugh Hood, Canadian author (d. 2000)
  • 1933 – Dickie Davies, British television presenter
  • 1933 – Willie Nelson, American musician
  • 1934 – Jerry Lordan, English composer and singer (d.1995)
  • 1938 – Juraj Jakubisko, Slovak film director
  • 1938 – Larry Niven, American author
  • 1940 – Burt Young, American actor
  • 1941 – Johnny Farina, American musician and composer (Santo & Johnny)
  • 1943 – Frederick Chiluba, former Zambian president (1991-2001)
  • 1943 – Bobby Vee, American singer
  • 1944 – Jill Clayburgh, American actress
  • 1945 – Annie Dillard, American writer
  • 1945 – Michael Smith, American astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1946 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
  • 1946 – Don Schollander, American swimmer
  • 1947 – Leslie Grantham, English actor
  • 1947 – Finn Kalvik, Norwegian singer
  • 1947 – Mats Odell, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Tom Køhlert, Brondby IF coach
  • 1948 – Perry King, American actor
  • 1949 – Phil Garner, baseball manager
  • 1949 – António Guterres, Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1952 – Jacques Audiard, French film director
  • 1954 – Jane Campion, New Zealand film director
  • 1955 – Nicolas Hulot, French journalist
  • 1956 – Jorge Chaminé, Portuguese baritone
  • 1956 – Lars von Trier, Danish film director
  • 1958 – Charles Berling, French actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Paul Gross, Canadian actor, director, and writer
  • 1959 – Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1959 – W. Thomas Smith, Jr, American author and columnist
  • 1960 – Kerry Healey, American politician
  • 1961 – Isiah Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Michael Waltrip, American race car driver
  • 1964 – Ian Healy, Australian cricketer
  • 1964 – Barrington Levy, Jamaican musician
  • 1965 – Adrian Pasdar, American actor
  • 1966 – Jeff Brown, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Paulo Jr., Brazilian musician (Sepultura)
  • 1969 – Warren Defever, American musician, composer
  • 1971 – John Boyne, Irish novelist
  • 1971 – Darren Emerson, English DJ (Underworld)
  • 1973 – Akon, American R&B Singer
  • 1974 – Mikey Chan, Australian musician
  • 1975 – Elliott Sadler, American race car driver
  • 1975 – Mike Chat, American actor
  • 1976 – Amanda Palmer, American musician (The Dresden Dolls)
  • 1977 – Jeannie Haddaway, American politician
  • 1979 – Gerardo Torrado, Mexican footballer
  • 1981 – John O’Shea, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Emma Pierson, British actress
  • 1982 – Lloyd Banks, American rapper
  • 1982 – Kirsten Dunst, American actress
  • 1982 – Cleo Higgins, British singer and actress
  • 1982 – Andrew Seeley, Canadian actor and singer
  • 1983 – Troy Williamson, American football player
  • 1984 – Shawn Daivari, Persian-American professional wrestler and manager
  • 1987 – Nikki Webster, Australian entertainer
  • 1987 – Rohit Sharma, Indian Cricketer
  • 1996 – Jaidyn Leskie, Missing/murdered Australian toddler

April 30 – Deaths:

  • 65 – Lucan, Roman poet (b. 39)
  • 1063 – Emperor Renzong of China (b. 1010)
  • 1131 – Adjutor, Roman Catholic Saint
  • 1341 – John III, Duke of Brittany (b. 1285)
  • 1439 – Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b. 1382)
  • 1524 – Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, French soldier (b. 1473)
  • 1544 – Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1555 – Pope Marcellus II (b. 1501)
  • 1632 – King Sigismund I of Sweden (b. 1561)
  • 1632 – Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly, Bavarian general (b. 1559)
  • 1642 – Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (b. 1578)
  • 1660 – Petrus Scriverius, Dutch writer (b. 1576)
  • 1655 – Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (b. 1617)
  • 1696 – Robert Plot, British naturalist (b. 1640)
  • 1712 – Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Protestant theologian (b. 1633)
  • 1736 – Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer (b. 1668)
  • 1758 – François d’Agincourt, French composer (b. 1684)
  • 1792 – John Montagu, supposed inventor of the sandwich (b. 1718)
  • 1795 – Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (b. 1716)
  • 1841 – Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (b. 1758)
  • 1847 – Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general (b. 1771)
  • 1865 – Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and meteorologist (b. 1805)
  • 1875 – Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)
  • 1883 – Édouard Manet, French painter (b. 1832)
  • 1900 – Casey Jones, American train engineer (b. 1863)
  • 1903 – Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (b.1831)
  • 1936 – Alfred Edward Housman, English poet (b. 1859)
  • 1943 – Otto Jespersen, Danish philologist (b. 1860)
  • 1943 – Beatrice Webb, British economist (b. 1858)
  • 1945 – Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler’s new wife (suicide) (b. 1912)
  • 1945 – Adolf Hitler, Austrian dictator of Nazi Germany (suicide) (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – Alben W. Barkley, Vice President of the United States (b. 1877)
  • 1970 – Inger Stevens, Swedish actress (b. 1934)
  • 1973 – Václav Renc, Czech poet, dramatist and translator (b. 1911)
  • 1974 – Agnes Moorehead, American actress (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1982 – Lester Bangs, American music journalist, author, and musician (b. 1949)
  • 1983 – George Balanchine, Russian-born dancer and choreographer (b. 1904)
  • 1983 – Muddy Waters, American musician (b. 1915)
  • 1985 – George Pravda, Czechoslovakian actor (b. 1918)
  • 1989 – Yi, Bang-ja, Crown Princess of Korea (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Sergio Leone, Italian filmmaker (b. 1929)
  • 1993 – Tommy Caton, English footballer (b. 1962)
  • 1994 – Roland Ratzenberger, Austrian race car driver (b. 1960)
  • 1994 – Richard Scarry, American author (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Maung Maung Kha, Prime minister of Burma (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – David Opatoshu, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Nizar Qabbani, Syrian poet (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf. (b.  1928)
  • 2003 – Peter ‘Possum’ Bourne, New Zealand race car driver (b. 1956)
  • 2003 – Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Mark Berger, University of Kentucky professor (b. 1955)
  • 2005 – Ron Todd, TGWU General Secretary (1985 – 1992) (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Lawrence Patrick, Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject (b. n/a)
  • 2007 – Grégory Lemarchal, French singer (b. 1983)
  • 2007 – Kevin Mitchell, American football player (b. 1971)
  • 2007 – Tom Poston, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Gordon Scott, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Zola Taylor, American singer (b. 1938)

April 30 – Holidays:

  • Walpur gis Night – Celebrated in Germany, central, and western Europe
  • Scandinavia – The arrival of spring.
  • Sweden – Birthday of King Carl XVI Gustav, an official flag day.
  • The Netherlands – Queen’s Day, the largest one-day holiday in the Netherlands.
  • Roman Empire – third day of the Floralia in honor of Flora.
  • Bealtaine Eve (From either Irish Bealtaine or Scottish Gaelic). Originally a Celtic Druid holiday.
  • Vietnam – Liberation Day.
  • Mexico – Children’s Day.
  • Czech Republic and Slovakia – Carodejnice – witches’ night
  • In the Roman Catholic Church:

o   Saint Adjutor

o   Saint Eutropius

o   Saint Maximus, 3rd century martyr

o   Saint Suitbert the Younger (d. 807)

o   Saint Pope Pius V

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