On This Day in History June 7

June 7 – Events:

  • 1099 – The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins.
  • 1494 – Spain and Portugal sign the Treaty of Tordesillas which divides the New World between the two countries.
  • 1654 – Louis XIV is crowned King of France.
  • 1692 – Port Royal, Jamaica, is hit by a catastrophic earthquake; in just three minutes, 1,600 people are killed and 3,000 are seriously injured.
  • 1776 – Richard Henry Lee presents the “Lee Resolution” to the Continental Congress, for the independence of the United States. Motion seconded by John Adams.
  • 1800 – David Thompson reaches the mouth of the Saskatchewan River in Manitoba.
  • 1832 – Asian cholera brought to Quebec by Irish immigrants kills about 6,000 people in Lower Canada.
  • 1862 – The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade.
  • 1863 – During the French intervention in Mexico, Mexico City is captured by French troops.
  • 1866 – 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec.
  • 1880 – War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
  • 1892 – Benjamin Harrison becomes the first President of the United States to attend a baseball game.
  • 1893 – Gandhi’s first act of civil disobedience.
  • 1905 – Norway dissolves its union with Sweden.
  • 1906 – Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania is launched at the John Brown Shipyard, Glasgow (Clydebank), Scotland.
  • 1917 – World War I: Battle of Messines – Allied ammonal mines underneath German trenches in Mesen Ridge are detonated, killing 10,000 German troops.
  • 1919 – Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.
  • 1935 – Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1936 – The Steel Workers Organizing Committee, a trade union, is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Philip Murray is elected its first president.
  • 1938 – The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight.
  • 1940 – King Haakon VII of Norway, Crown Prince Olav and the Norwegian government leave Tromsø and go into exile in London.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Midway ends.
  • 1942 – Japanese soldiers occupy the American islands of Attu and Kiska, in the Aleutian Islands off Alaska, as the Axis power continues to expand its defensive perimeter.
  • 1944 – Nazi Panzer SS troops murder 23 Canadian prisoners of war in Normandy.
  • 1945 – King Haakon VII of Norway returns with his family to Oslo after five years in exile.
  • 1948 – Edvard Beneš resigns as President of Czechoslovakia rather than signing a Constitution making his nation a Communist state.
  • 1955 – Lux Radio Theater signs off the air permanently. The show launched in New York in 1934, and featured radio adaptations of Broadway shows and popular films.
  • 1965 – The US Supreme Court decides Griswold v. Connecticut effectively legalizing the use of contraception by married couples.
  • 1966 – Former movie star, Ronald Reagan, becomes the 33rd governor of the state of California.
  • 1967 – The Israeli forces enter Jerusalem during the Six-Day War.
  • 1968 – The body of assassinated U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy lies in state at St. Patrick’s Cathedral, New York.
  • 1971 – The US Supreme Court overturns the conviction of Paul Cohen for disturbing the peace, setting the precedent vulgar writing is protected under the First Amendment.
  • 1975 – Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder for sale to the public.
  • 1977 – 500 million people watch on television as the high day of Jubilee gets underway for Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1981 – The Israeli Air Force destroys Iraq’s Osiraq nuclear reactor during Operation Opera. The Israelis charged the facility could have been used to make nuclear weapons.
  • 1982 – Priscilla Presley opens Graceland to the public; the bathroom where Elvis Presley died five years earlier is kept off-limits.
  • 1986 – Washington Metroraill “Vienna-Fairfax GMU” opens.
  • 1989 – A Surinam Airways DC-8 Super 62 crashes near Paramaribo Airport, Suriname, killing 168.
  • 1991 – Mount Pinatubo explodes generating an ash column 7 km (4.5 miles) high.
  • 1995 – The long range Boeing 777 enters service with United Airlines.
  • 1998 – James Byrd, Jr. is dragged to death in Jasper, Texas in a racially-motivated hate crime.
  • 2001 – Tony Blair’s Labour Party wins another landslide victory in the General Election.
  • 2006 – British Houses of Parliament temporarily shut down due to anthrax alert.

June 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1529 – Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer and man of letters (d. 1615)
  • 1761 – John Rennie, Scottish engineer (d. 1821)
  • 1770 – Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1828)
  • 1778 – Beau Brummell, English fashion leader (d. 1840)
  • 1811 – James Young Simpson, British obstetrician (d. 1870)
  • 1831 – Amelia Edwards, English author and Egyptologist (d. 1892)
  • 1840 – Charlotte of Belgium, Empress of Mexico (d. 1927)
  • 1845 – Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist and composer (d. 1930)
  • 1848 – Paul Gauguin, French painter (d. 1903)
  • 1862 – Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
  • 1868 – Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator (d. 1928)
  • 1872 – Alexandra Fyodorovna (Alix of Hesse), Tsarissa of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1877 – Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1944)
  • 1879 – Knud Rasmussen, Greenland-born explorer (d. 1933)
  • 1883 – Sylvanus Morley, U.S. archaeologist and spy (d. 1948)
  • 1886 – Henri Coanda, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Alexander de Seversky, Russian-American aviation pioneer (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1896 – Imre Nagy, Hungarian politician (d. 1958)
  • 1896 – Douglas Campbell, American World War I flying ace (d. 1990)
  • 1897 – George Szell, Hungarian conductor (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Elizabeth Bowen, Irish novelist (d. 1973)
  • 1900 – Glen Gray, Jazz musician and leader of the Casa Loma Orchestra (d. 1963)
  • 1902 – Herman B Wells, president and chancellor of Indiana University (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Virginia Apgar, American physician and childbirth specialist (d. 1974)
  • 1909 – Peter W. Rodino, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1909 – Jessica Tandy, English-born actress (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Bradford Washburn, American explorer, (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Brooks Stevens, automotive designer (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Dean Martin, American actor (d. 1995)
  • 1920 – Georges Marchais, French politician (d. 1997)
  • 1921 – Tal Farlow, American jazz guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1922 – Leo Reise, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1923 – Jules Deschênes, Canadian jurist (d. 2000)
  • 1927 – Charles de Tornaco, Belgian racing driver (d. 1953)
  • 1928 – Dave Bowen, former Wales international football manager (d. 1995)
  • 1928 – James Ivory, American film director
  • 1928 – Reg Park, British bodybuilder
  • 1929 – John Turner, seventeenth Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1929 – The Grand Wizard of Wrestling, Wrestling manager (d. 1983)
  • 1931 – Malcolm Morley, English-born painter
  • 1935 – Harry Crews, American author
  • 1935 – Thomas Kailath, American engineer
  • 1937 – Neeme Järvi, Estonian conductor
  • 1938 – Goose Gonsoulin, American football player
  • 1940 – Tom Jones, Welsh singer
  • 1943 – Nikki Giovanni, American poet
  • 1945 – Wolfgang Schüssel, Chancellor of Austria
  • 1945 – Gilles Marotte, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Jenny Jones, Palestinian-born comedian and talk show host
  • 1947 – Thurman Munson, American baseball player (d. 1979)
  • 1950 – Gary Graham American actor
  • 1952 – Liam Neeson, Northern Irish actor
  • 1953 – Dougie Donnelly, Scottish television broadcaster
  • 1953 – Johnny Clegg, South African musician
  • 1954 – Louise Erdrich, American author
  • 1955 – Tim Richmond, American race car driver (d. 1989)
  • 1956 – L.A. Reid, American music producer
  • 1957 – Juan Luis Guerra, Dominican musician
  • 1957 – Paddy McAloon, English singer and songwriter (Prefab Sprout)
  • 1958 – Surakiart Sathirathai, Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1958 – Prince, American musician
  • 1960 – Bill Prady, American television producer
  • 1961 – Dave Catching, American musician
  • 1962 – Thierry Hazard, French singer and songwriter
  • 1962 – Takuya Kurosawa, Japanese racing driver
  • 1963 – Roberto Alagna, French tenor
  • 1964 – Judie Aronson, American actress
  • 1964 – Gia Carides, Greek-Australian actress
  • 1965 – Mick Foley, American professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Damien Hirst, English artist
  • 1966 – Stephane Richer, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Dave Navarro, American musician
  • 1969 – Kim Rhodes, American actress
  • 1969 – Prince Joachim of Denmark
  • 1970 – Mike Modano, American ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Cafu, Brazilian footballer
  • 1970 – Andrei Kovalenko, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Alex X. Mooney, American politician
  • 1972 – Karl Urban, New Zealand actor
  • 1973 – Song Yun-ah, South Korean model and actress
  • 1973 – Bear Grylls, British survivor
  • 1974 – Cassius Khan Canadian Tabla player/vocalist
  • 1974 – Mahesh Bhupathi, Indian tennis player
  • 1975 – Allen Iverson, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Necro, Jewish American rapper
  • 1977 – Marcin Baszczynski, Polish soccer player
  • 1977 – Joe Horgan, baseball player
  • 1977 – Odalis Pérez, baseball player
  • 1978 – Tony An, Korean singer H.O.T
  • 1978 – Bill Hader, American comedian
  • 1979 – Kevin Hofland, Dutch footballer
  • 1981 – Anna Kournikova, Russian tennis player
  • 1981 – Larisa Oleynik, Ukrainian-born actress
  • 1981 – Stephen Bywater, British goalkeeper
  • 1981 – Tyler Johnson, baseball player
  • 1981 – Kevin Kyle, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Virgil Vasquez, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Mark Lowe, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Charlie Simpson, British pop singer
  • 1988 – Michael Cera, Canadian actor
  • 1993 – Jordan Fry, American actor

June 7 – Deaths:

  • 1329 – Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland (b. 1274)
  • 1358 – Ashikaga Takauji, Japanese shogun (b. 1305)
  • 1394 – Anne of Bohemia, wife of Richard II of England (plague) (b. 1367)
  • 1618 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English Governor of Virginia (b. 1577)
  • 1676 – Paul Gerhardt, German hymnist (b. 1606)
  • 1711 – Henry Dodwell, Irish theologian (b. 1641)
  • 1779 – William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1698)
  • 1810 – Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (b. 1765)
  • 1821 – Tudor Vladimirescu, Romanian rebellion-leader (b. cca. 1780)
  • 1826 – Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (b. 1787)
  • 1840 – King Frederick William III of Prussia (b. 1770)
  • 1854 – Charles Baudin, French admiral (b. 1792)
  • 1859 – David Cox, English artist (b. 1783)
  • 1866 – Chief Seattle, Native American leader
  • 1896 – Pavlos Carrer, Greek composer (b. 1829)
  • 1911 – Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (b. 1842)
  • 1916 – Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (b. 1847)
  • 1927 – Edmund James Flynn, Premier of Quebec (b. 1847)
  • 1936 – Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (b. 1875)
  • 1937 – Jean Harlow, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1942 – Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (b. 1903)
  • 1951 – Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (b. 1892)
  • 1954 – Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1912)
  • 1963 – Zasu Pitts, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Judy Holliday, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1966 – Jean Arp, Alsatian sculptor, painter, and poet (b. 1886)
  • 1967 – Dorothy Parker, American writer (b. 1893)
  • 1967 – Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1968 – Dan Duryea, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1970 – E. M. Forster, English author (b. 1879)
  • 1978 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Forrest Carter, American author (b. 1925)
  • 1980 – Henry Miller, American writer (b. 1891)
  • 1980 – Elizabeth Craig, British writer (b. 1883)
  • 1988 – Vernon Washington, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1989 – Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1907)
  • 1993 – Dražen Petrovic, Croatian basketball player (b. 1964)
  • 1995 – Hsuan Hua, influential Buddhist master in the United States (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Max Factor, Jr., American businessman (b. 1904)
  • 1999 – Paco Stanley, Mexican TV entertainer (b. 1942)
  • 2001 – Carole Fredericks, American singer (Fredericks Goldman Jones) (b. 1952)
  • 2001 – Víctor Paz Estenssoro, President of Bolivia (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Mary Lilian Baels, Belgian princess (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Trevor Goddard, English actor (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – John Tenta, Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1963)
  • 2006 – Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Jordanian-born terrorist (b. 1966)

June 7 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – first day of the Vestalia (penus vestae) in honor of Vesta.
  • Norway – Union Dissolution Day, observing the 1905 decision to dissolve the Union between Sweden and Norway.
  • Malta – Sette giugno – Riot in Malta that began the road to self government and then independence.
  • Liturgical feasts:

o   Roman Catholic Church and some Anglican churches: Corpus Christi

o   Colman, bishop of Dromore

o   Saint Maximinus, bishop of Aix, confessor

o   Blessed Robert, abbot of Newminster, Northumberland

o   Saint Servatius, bishop, confessor or martyr (Translation day)

o   Saint Wulstan, bishop of Worcester, confessor (Translation day)

o   Blessed Meriadec, bishop of Vannes

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