On This Day in History June 10

June 10 – Events:

  • 1190 – Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem.
  • 1539 – Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war  and the difficulty bishops had had traveling to Venice.
  • 1619 – Thirty Years’ War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt.
  • 1692 – Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for “certain Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries.”
  • 1719 – Battle of Glen Shiel
  • 1770 – Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
  • 1793 – The Jardin des Plantes museum opens in Paris (becoming, a year later, the first public  zoo).
  • 1793 – French Revolution: Following arrests of Girondin leaders the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the revolutionary dictatorship.
  • 1805 – First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.
  • 1829 – First Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge.
  • 1838 – Myall Creek Massacre in Australia: 28 Aboriginal Australians are murdered.
  • 1846 – Mexican-American War: The California Republic declares independence from Mexico.
  • 1854 – The first class of United States Naval Academy students graduate.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Brice’s Crossroads – Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
  • 1871 – Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
  • 1886 – Eruption of Mount Tarawera in New Zealand, killing 153 people and destroying the famous Pink and White Terraces.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: US Marines land on the island of Cuba.
  • 1918 – Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent Istvan sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.
  • 1924 – Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
  • 1925 – Inaugural service for the United Church of Canada, a union of Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist churches held in Toronto arena
  • 1935 – Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1940 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy’s actions with “Stab in the Back” speech from the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
  • 1940 – World War II: German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reach the English Channel.
  • 1940 – World War II: Canada declares war on Italy.
  • 1940 – World War II: Norway Surrenders to German forces.
  • 1942 – World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice as reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
  • 1944 – World War II: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
  • 1944 – World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 children, women and men were massacred by German troops.
  • 1944 – In baseball, 15-year old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game.
  • 1945 – Australian Imperial Forces landed in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei.
  • 1947 – Saab produces its first automobile.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai begins.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
  • 1967 – Argentina becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1971 – Metro Observatorio was the western terminus of Line 1 of Mexico City Metro.
  • 1973 – John Paul Getty III, grandson of billionaire J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
  • 1977 – James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13.
  • 1977 – Apple Computer ships its first Apple II personal computer.
  • 1978 – Costa Rica becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1980 – The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.
  • 1992 – Fatal ambush of U.S. Army Humvee in Panama on eve of President George H. W. Bush’s visit to that country
  • 1996 – Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without Sinn Féin.
  • 1997 – Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen’s family members before Pol Pot flees his northern stronghold.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Miloševic agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
  • 2001 – Pope John Paul II canonized Lebanon’s first female saint Saint Rafqa.
  • 2002 – First direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans carried out by Kevin Warwick in the United Kingdom.
  • 2003 – The Spirit Rover is launched, beginning NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover mission.

June 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1213 – Fakhruddin ‘Iraqi, Persian philosopher
  • 1632 – Esprit Fléchier, French writer and bishop (d. 1710)
  • 1637 – Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1675)
  • 1657 – James Cragg the Elder, British politician (d. 1721)
  • 1688 – James Francis Edward Stuart (d. 1766)
  • 1706 – John Dollond, English optician (d. 1761)
  • 1710 – James Short, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
  • 1753 – William Eustis, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
  • 1803 – Henry Darcy, French scientist (d. 1858)
  • 1804 – Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (d. 1884)
  • 1825 – Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (d. 1897)
  • 1819 – Gustave Courbet, French painter (d. 1877)
  • 1825 – Princess Hildegard of Bavaria d. 1864
  • 1835 – Rebecca Latimer Felton, U.S. Senator (d. 1930)
  • 1839 – Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Council President of Denmark (d. 1912)
  • 1861 – Pierre Duhem, French physicist (d. 1916)
  • 1862 – Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress (d. 1937)
  • 1863 – Louis Couperus, Dutch novelist (d. 1923)
  • 1880 – André Derain, French painter (d. 1954)
  • 1889 – Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – Hattie McDaniel, American actress (d. 1952)
  • 1897 – Grand Duchess Tatiana of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1901 – Frederick Loewe, Austrian-born composer (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Fairfield Porter, American painter (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Robert Cummings, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Howlin’ Wolf, American musician (d. 1976)
  • 1910 – Frank Demaree, American baseball player (d. 1958)
  • 1910 – Robert Still, English composer (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Terence Rattigan, British playwright (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Jean Lesage, Premier of Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1913 – Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian composer
  • 1915 – Saul Bellow, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Barry Morse, British-born Canadian actor (d. 2008)
  • 1919 – Kevin O’Flanagan, Irish athlete and physician (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1921 – Jean Robic, French cyclist (d. 1980)
  • 1922 – Judy Garland, American musical actress (d. 1969)
  • 1923 – Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born newspaperman (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Nat Hentoff, American historian, novelist, jazz critic, and columnist
  • 1926 – Lionel Jeffries, British actor
  • 1927 – Lin Yang-kang, Chinese politician
  • 1927 – Ladislao Kubala, Hungarian-born footballer (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Maurice Sendak, American writer
  • 1929 – Harald Juhnke, German actor and comedian (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Ian McCahon Sinclair, Australian politician
  • 1929 – E. O. Wilson, American biologist
  • 1931 – João Gilberto, Brazilian singer and guitarist
  • 1932 – Branko Lustig, film producer
  • 1933 – Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian Prime Minister
  • 1933 – F. Lee Bailey, American attorney
  • 1935 – Vic Elford, British racing driver
  • 1940 – Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – John Stevens, British drummer (d. 1994)
  • 1941 – Jürgen Prochnow, German actor
  • 1941 – Mickey Jones, American musician and actor
  • 1941 – Shirley Owens, American singer (Shirelles)
  • 1941 – David Walker, Australian racing driver
  • 1942 – Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • 1947 – Ken Singleton, American baseball player
  • 1949 – John Sentamu, Archbishop of York
  • 1950 – Elias Sosa, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1951 – Dan Fouts, American football player
  • 1953 – John Edwards, American politician
  • 1957 – Lindsay Hoyle, British politician
  • 1957 – Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect
  • 1959 – Eliot Spitzer, American politician
  • 1959 – Carlo Ancelotti, A.C. Milan coach
  • 1960 – Balakrishna Nandamuri, Indian actor
  • 1961 – Kim Deal, American musician (Pixies), (The Breeders)
  • 1961 – Kelley Deal, American musician (The Breeders)
  • 1962 – Gina Gershon, American actress
  • 1962 – Koma Wong Ka-Kui, Hong Kong musician (Beyond) (d. 1993)
  • 1962 – Vincent Perez, Swiss actor
  • 1962 – Akie Abe, current First Lady of Japan
  • 1963 – Brad Henry, American politician (current Oklahoma governor)
  • 1963 – Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress
  • 1964 – Jimmy Chamberlin, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)
  • 1964 – Ben Daniels, British actor
  • 1964 – Tony Martin, Australian comedian
  • 1965 – Elizabeth Hurley, British actress
  • 1966 – David Platt, English footballer
  • 1967 – Emma Anderson, British guitarist and songwriter (Lush, Sing-Sing)
  • 1968 – Jimmy Shea, American skeleton racer
  • 1968 – The D.O.C., American rapper
  • 1969 – Ronny Johnsen, Norwegian footballer
  • 1969 – Kate Snow, American TV journalist
  • 1970 – Mike Doughty, American singer
  • 1971 – Bobby Jindal, Louisiana Politician
  • 1971 – Joel Hailey, American singer
  • 1971 – Bruno N’Gotty, French footballer
  • 1971 – Kyle Sandilands, Australian radio host and TV personality
  • 1972 – Steven Fischer, American film producer and director
  • 1972 – Radmila Šekerinska, Macedonian politician
  • 1973 – Faith Evans, American singer
  • 1973 – Pokey Reese, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Henrik Pedersen, Danish footballer
  • 1975 – Risto Jussilainen, Finnish ski jumper
  • 1976 – Freddy García, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Stefan Postma, Dutch footballer
  • 1976 – Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician, parliamentarian for the Party for the Animals
  • 1977 – Takako Matsu, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1978 – Shane West, American actor
  • 1978 – Brian West, American soccer player
  • 1979 – Konstantinos Loumpoutis, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Jake Tsakalidis, Georgian-Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Francelino Matuzalem, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Jessica Di Cicco, American actress
  • 1981 – Burton O’Brien, Scottish footballer
  • 1981 – Hoku, American singer and actress
  • 1981 – Prince Hashim bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1982 – Princess Madeleine of Sweden
  • 1982 – Tara Lipinski, American figure skater
  • 1983 – Leelee Sobieski, American actress
  • 1985 – Kristina Lundberg, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Vasilis Torosidis, Greek footballer
  • 1987 – Amobi Okoye, Nigeria-born American football player
  • 1987 – Martin Harnik, Austrian footballer

June 10 – Deaths:

  • 323 BC – Alexander the Great (b. 356 BC)
  • 1075 – Ernest of Austria (b. 1027)
  • 1190 – Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor (drowned) (b. 1122)
  • 1424 – Duke Ernest of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1552 – Alexander Barclay, English poet
  • 1556 – Martin Agricola, German composer (b. 1486)
  • 1580 – Luís de Camões, Portuguese poet
  • 1607 – John Popham, English politician
  • 1654 – Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor (b. 1598)
  • 1680 – Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (b. 1635)
  • 1735 – Thomas Hearne, English antiquarian (b. 1678)
  • 1776 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (b. 1722)
  • 1791 – Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1720)
  • 1831 – Hans Karl von Diebitsch, Russian field marshal (b. 1785)
  • 1836 – André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
  • 1849 – Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (b. 1784)
  • 1896 – Amelia Dyer, English murderer (b. 1829)
  • 1899 – Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855)
  • 1901 – Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
  • 1902 – Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (b. 1845)
  • 1909 – Edward Everett Hale, American author (b. 1822)
  • 1912 – Anton Aškerc, Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
  • 1918 – Arrigo Boito, Italian composer (b. 1842)
  • 1923 – Pierre Loti, French sailor (b. 1850)
  • 1930 – Adolf Harnack, German theologian (b. 1851)
  • 1934 – Frederick Delius, English composer (b. 1862)
  • 1937 – Robert Borden, eighth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1854)
  • 1940 – Marcus Garvey, American civil rights activist (b. 1887)
  • 1944 – Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (b. 1910)
  • 1946 – Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878)
  • 1947 – Alexander Bethune, Canadian politician (b. 1852)
  • 1949 – Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
  • 1958 – Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist (b. 1880)
  • 1959 – Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (b. 1883)
  • 1967 – Spencer Tracy, American actor (b. 1900)
  • 1971 – Michael Rennie, English actor (b. 1909)
  • 1973 – William Inge, American playwright (b. 1913)
  • 1973 – Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
  • 1974 – Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900)
  • 1976 – Adolph Zukor, Hungarian-born producer (b. 1873)
  • 1982 – Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German author (b. 1945)
  • 1982 – Addie “Micki” Harris, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1940)
  • 1986 – Merle Miller, American biographer (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 1988 – Louis L’Amour, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Vercors, French writer (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – U.S. Army Sgt. Zak Hernández (b. 1973)
  • 1993 – Les Dawson, English Comedian (b. 1934)
  • 1996 – George Hees, Canadian politician (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Jo Van Fleet, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Hammond Innes, English author (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Jim Hearn, American baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2000 – Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Brian Statham, English cricketer (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Princess Leila of Iran (b. 1970)
  • 2001 – Mike Mentzer, American bodybuilder (b. 1951)
  • 2002 – John Gotti, American gangster (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Donald Regan, Chief of Staff and U.S. Treasury Secretary (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Bernard Williams, English philosopher (b. 1929)
  • 2003 – Dr. Phil Williams, Welsh politician and scientist (b. 1939)
  • 2004 – Ray Charles, American musician (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Curtis Pitts, American aircraft designer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (b. 1940)

June 10 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – fourth day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
  • Portugal Day – National day of Portugal, Camões and the Portuguese Communities
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