On This Day in History June 11

June 11 – Events:

  • 1184 BC – Trojan War: Troy was sacked and burned, according to the calculations of Eratosthenes.
  • 631 – Emperor Taizong of Tang, the Emperor of China, sent envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk in order to persuade the release of enslaved Chinese prisoners who were captured during the transition from Sui to Tang from the northern frontier; this embassy succeeded in freeing 80,000 Chinese men and women who were then returned to China.
  • 758 – Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks arrive simultaneously at Chang’an, the Tang Chinese capital, in order to offer tribute to the imperial court. The Arabs and Turks bicker and fight over diplomatic prominence at the gate, in order to present tribute before the other. A settlement was reached when both were allowed to enter at the same time, but through two different gates to the palace.
  • 1429 – Hundred Years’ War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau.
  • 1509 – Marriage of King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon.
  • 1594 – Philip II recognized the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paved way to the creation of the Principalía [i.e., elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines].
  • 1774 – Jews in Algiers escape the attacks of the Spanish army.
  • 1776 – Continental Congress appoints Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston to a committee to draft a declaration of independence.
  • 1788 – Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.
  • 1805 – A fire consumed large portions of Detroit in the Michigan Territory.
  • 1825 – The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
  • 1837 – The Broad Street Riot occurred in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.
  • 1866 – The Allahabad High Court (then Agra High Court) is established in India.
  • 1892 – The Limelight Department, one of the world’s first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 1898 – Spanish-American War: U.S. war ships start to sail for Cuba.
  • 1901 – New Zealand annexes the Cook Islands.
  • 1907 – George Dennett, aided by Gilbert Jessop, dismisses Northamptonshire for 12 runs, the lowest total in first-class cricket.
  • 1917 – King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
  • 1935 – Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey.
  • 1936 – International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England.
  • 1937 – Great Purge: The Soviet Union executes eight army leaders under Joseph Stalin.
  • 1938 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts.
  • 1938 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Nationalist government created the 1938 Yellow River flood to halt the Japanese forces. 500,000 to 900,000 civilians are killed.
  • 1940 – World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy.
  • 1940 – World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta.
  • 1942 – World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union.
  • 1955 – Eighty-three are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.
  • 1962 – Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin become the only prisoners to successfully escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island.
  • 1963 – American Civil Rights Movement: Alabama Governor George Wallace stands at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students from attending that school.
  • 1963 – Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.
  • 1964 – World War II veteran Walter Seifert runs amok in an elementary school in Cologne, Germany, killing at least eight children and two teachers and seriously injuring several more with a home-made flamethrower and a lance.
  • 1967 – Mexico becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1970 – After being appointed on May 15, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington officially receive their ranks as U.S. Army Generals, becoming the first females to do so.
  • 1972 – Eltham Well Hall rail crash, caused by an intoxicated train driver, kills six people and injures 126.
  • 1998 – Compaq Computer pays $9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation in then largest high-tech acquisition.
  • 2001 – Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2002 – Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.
  • 2004 – Cassini-Huygens makes its closest flyby of Phoebe.
  • 2004 – Ronald Reagan’s funeral held at Washington National Cathedral.
  • 2005 – G8 finance ministers agree to cancel the debt owed by 18 of the poorest countries.

June 11 – Birthdays:

  • 1403 – John IV, Duke of Brabant (d. 1427)
  • 1456 – Anne Neville, wife of Richard III of England (d. 1485)
  • 1540 – Barnabe Googe, English poet (d. 1594)
  • 1572 – Ben Jonson, English dramatist (d. 1637)
  • 1588 – George Wither, English writer (d. 1667)
  • 1672 – Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian priest and composer (d. 1749)
  • 1696 – Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (d. 1758)
  • 1704 – Carlos Seixas, Portuguese composer (d. 1742)
  • 1713 – Edward Capell, English critic (d. 1781)
  • 1723 – Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer (d. 1788)
  • 1741 – Joseph Warren, American doctor and soldier (d. 1775)
  • 1776 – John Constable, English painter (d. 1837)
  • 1815 – Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer (d. 1879)
  • 1842 – Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)
  • 1846 – William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (d. 1920)
  • 1847 – Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist and feminist (d. 1929)
  • 1864 – Richard Strauss, German composer and conductor (d. 1949)
  • 1867 – Charles Fabry, French physicist (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
  • 1877 – Renee Vivien, English-born poet (d. 1909)
  • 1879 – Roger Bresnahan, baseball player (d. 1944)
  • 1879 – Max Schreck, German actor (d. 1936)
  • 1880 – Jeannette Rankin, American politician, feminist, and pacifist (d. 1973)
  • 1888 – Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1894 – Dai Vernon (David Frederick Wingfield Verner), Canadian magician, The Professor (d. 1992)
  • 1895 – Nikolai Bulganin, Soviet politician (d. 1975)
  • 1903 – Ernie Nevers, American football player (d. 1976)
  • 1910 – Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer and inventor (d. 1997)
  • 1910 – Carmine Coppola, American composer, director and songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Vince Lombardi, American football coach (d. 1970)
  • 1913 – Risë Stevens, American operatic soprano
  • 1914 – Gerald Mohr, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1915 – Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1919 – Richard Todd, British actor
  • 1920 – Hazel Scott, West Indian-born singer (d. 1981)
  • 1920 – Irving Howe, American literary and social critic (d. 1993)
  • 1922 – John Bromfield, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Michael Cacoyannis, Greek Cypriot film maker
  • 1924 – Ed Farhat, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – William Styron, American author (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Carlisle Floyd, American composer
  • 1928 – Fabiola de Mora y Aragón, Queen of the Belgians
  • 1930 – Charles B. Rangel, American politician
  • 1931 – Audrey Schuh, American soprano
  • 1932 – Athol Fugard, South African playwright
  • 1933 – Gene Wilder, American actor
  • 1934 – Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
  • 1936 – Jud Strunk, American musician and comedian (d. 1981)
  • 1936 – Chad Everett, American actor
  • 1937 – Robin Warren, Australian pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
  • 1937 – Johnny Brown, American comic
  • 1939 – Sir Jackie Stewart, Scottish race car driver, three-time F1 world champion and former F1 team principal
  • 1939 – Bernard Purdie, American session drummer
  • 1939 – Christina Crawford, American actress and writer
  • 1940 – Joey Dee, American musician (Joey Dee and the Starliters)
  • 1945 – Adrienne Barbeau, American actress
  • 1947 – Laloo Prasad Yadav, Indian politician
  • 1947 – Henry Cisneros, American politician, former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • 1947 – Richard Palmer-James, British lyricist and guitarist (King Crimson and Supertramp)
  • 1947 – Bob Evans, British racing driver
  • 1948 – Dave Cash, Major league baseball player
  • 1949 – Frank Beard, American drummer (ZZ Top)
  • 1949 – Tom Pryce, British racing driver (d. 1977)
  • 1949 – Benjamin Vasserman, Estonian graphic artist
  • 1950 – Lynsey De Paul, British singer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Graham Russell, British guitarist and vocalist (Air Supply)
  • 1951 – Yasumasa Morimura, Japanese appropriation artist
  • 1951 – Mark D. Siljander, former Republican U.S. Representative from the state of Michigan
  • 1952 – Donnie Van Zant, American rock musician
  • 1953 – Peter Bergman, American actor
  • 1955 – Yuriy Sedykh, Soviet hammer thrower
  • 1956 – Joe Montana. American football player
  • 1957 – Jamaaladeen Tacuma, American musician
  • 1959 – Hugh Laurie, English actor and comedian
  • 1961 – Caroline Quentin, English actress
  • 1961 – María Barranco, Spanish actress
  • 1962 – Erika Salumäe, Estonian cyclist, Olympian
  • 1963 – Bruce Kimball, American diver
  • 1964 – Jean Alesi, French Formula One driver
  • 1965 – Joey Santiago, Filipino guitarist (Pixies)
  • 1968 – Prince Alois of Liechtenstein, Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein
  • 1969 – Peter Dinklage, American actor
  • 1969 – Steven Drozd, American drummer
  • 1969 – Bryan Fogarty, professional ice hockey player (d. 2002)
  • 1969 – Matt McGrath, American actor
  • 1970 – Chris Rice, singer/songwriter
  • 1973 – José Manuel Abundis, Mexican football (soccer) forward
  • 1974 – David Starie, British boxer
  • 1975 – Choi Ji Woo, South Korean actress and model
  • 1975 – Thomas Bimis, Greek diver
  • 1975 – Anastasia Blue, American former pornographic actress
  • 1976 – Tai Anderson, American musician (bass player for Third Day)
  • 1977 – Geoff Ogilvy, Australian golfer
  • 1977 – Ryan Dunn, American actor
  • 1978 – Joshua Jackson, Canadian actor
  • 1978 – Ujjwala Raut, Indian supermodel
  • 1979 – Amy Taylor, Australian football (soccer) player, television presenter and model
  • 1980 – Yhency Brazoban, Dominican born baseball player
  • 1981 – Emiliano Moretti, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Diana Taurasi, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Eldar Rønning, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1982 – Johnny Candido, American professional wrestler
  • 1982 – Joey Graham, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Steven Graham, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Diana Taurasi, American basketball player
  • 1983 – José Reyes, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Chuck Hayes, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Vagner Love, Brazilian footballer
  • 1985 – Anja Rubik, Polish supermodel
  • 1985 – Chris Trousdale, American pop singer and dancer
  • 1986 – Shia LaBeouf, American actor
  • 1987 – TiA, Japanese R&B singer
  • 1988 – Yui Aragaki, Japanese actress and model
  • 1994 – Ivana Baquero, Spanish actress

June 11 – Deaths:

  • 1183 – Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (b. 1155)
  • 1216 – Henry of Flanders, Emperor of the Latin Empire
  • 1488 – King James III of Scotland
  • 1557 – King John III of Portugal (b. 1502)
  • 1695 – André Félibien, French architect (b. 1619)
  • 1712 – Louis Joseph, duc de Vendôme, Marshal of France (b. 1654)
  • 1727 – King George I of Great Britain (b. 1660)
  • 1796 – Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and politician (b. 1720)
  • 1847 – John Franklin, English sea captain and explorer (b. 1786)
  • 1852 – Karl Briullov, Russian painter (b. 1799)
  • 1858 – Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman (b. 1773)
  • 1879 – Prince Willem of the Netherlands, disgraced heir apparent to the Dutch throne (b. 1840)
  • 1882 – Louis Maigret, Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1804)
  • 1903 – Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b. 1837)
  • 1903 – Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia (b. 1876)
  • 1911 – James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (b. 1815)
  • 1924 – Théodore Dubois, French composer and teacher (b. 1837)
  • 1927 – William Attewell, English cricketer (b. 1861)
  • 1934 – Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1936 – Robert E. Howard, American author (b. 1906)
  • 1937 – R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer (b. 1895)
  • 1941 – Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (b. 1850)
  • 1965 – José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883)
  • 1970 – Frank Laubach, Christian missionary (b. 1884)
  • 1970 – William ‘Billy Batts’ Devino, American crime figure (b. 1921)
  • 1974 – Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (b. 1883)
  • 1976 – Jim Konstanty, American baseball player (b. 1917)
  • 1979 – John Wayne (born Marion Morrison), American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (b. 1922)
  • 1985 – Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (b. 1954)
  • 1985 – Sapfo Notara, Greek actress (b. 1907)
  • 1986 – Chesley Bonestell, American-born engineer, architect, and artist (b. 1888)
  • 1991 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (b. 1925)
  • 1993 – Ray Sharkey, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 1996 – Brigitte Helm, German actress (b. 1908)
  • 1998 – Catherine Cookson, British novelist (b. 1906)
  • 1999 – DeForest Kelley, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (by execution; b. 1968)
  • 2001 – Amalia Mendoza, Mexican singer (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – David Brinkley, American television reporter (b. 1920)
  • 2004 – Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (b. 1946)
  • 2004 – Xenophon Zolotas, Greek politician (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Vasco Gonçalves, Portuguese general (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Bruce Shand, father of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Michael Bartosh, computer expert and author (b. 1977)
  • 2006 – Neroli Fairhall, New Zealand archer (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Imre Friedmann, American scientist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Mala Powers, American film actress (b. 1931)
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