On This Day in History June 26

June 26 – Events:

  • 363 – Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield.
  • 1284 – According to legend, the Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away.
  • 1409 – Western Schism: The Roman Catholic church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.
  • 1483 – Richard III becomes king of England.
  • 1541 – Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Diego is later caught and executed.
  • 1718 – Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great’s son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • 1723 – After a lasting siege and firing from the cannons Baku surrendered to Russians.
  • 1848 – End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
  • 1857 – The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1870 – The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
  • 1918 – World War I Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J. Pershing & James Harbord defeat Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
  • 1924 – American occupying forces leave the Dominican Republic.
  • 1927 – The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island
  • 1934 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions.
  • 1934 – Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.
  • 1940 – World War II: Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and northern part of Bukovina.
  • 1945 – The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.
  • 1948 – The Western allies start an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union has blockaded West  Berlin.
  • 1948 – William Shockley filed the original patent for the grown junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.
  • 1959 – The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens, opening North America’s Great Lakes to ocean-going ships.
  • 1960 – Former British Protectorate of Somaliland British Somaliland gains its independence.
  • 1963 – John F. Kennedy speaks the famous words “Ich bin ein Berliner” on a visit to West Berlin.
  • 1973 – On Plesetsk Cosmodrome 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
  • 1974 – The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley’s chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
  • 1975 – Indira Gandhi establishes authoritarian rule in India.
  • 1975 – Two CIA agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in North Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
  • 1976 – The CN Tower, the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world, was opened.
  • 1977 – The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.
  • 1978 – Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overran the runway and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers onboard died.
  • 1981 – Couples For Christ, a Christian charismatic organization, established in the Philippines.
  • 1991 – Ten-Day War- Yugoslav people`s army began Ten-Day War in Slovenia.
  • 1993 – The U.S. launches a missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H.W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
  • 1995 – Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani deposed his father Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup.
  • 1996 – Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin.
  • 1997 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment.
  • 2003 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional in Lawrence v. Texas.
  • 2006 – The Republic of Montenegro becomes the 192nd member of the United Nations.

June 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1575 – Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1612)
  • 1681 – Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (d. 1708)
  • 1689 – Edward Holyoke, American academic (d. 1769)
  • 1694 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (d. 1768)
  • 1702 – Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (d. 1751)
  • 1703 – Thomas Clap, American academic (d. 1767)
  • 1819 – Abner Doubleday, American Major General (d. 1893)
  • 1824 – Lord Kelvin, Irish-born physicist (d. 1907)
  • 1838 – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Bengali Novelist (d. 1894)
  • 1854 – Robert Laird Borden, Canadian politician (d. 1937)
  • 1865 – Bernard Berenson, American art historian (d. 1959)
  • 1866 – George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (d. 1923)
  • 1869 – Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
  • 1880 – Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)
  • 1892 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1895 – George Hainsworth, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1950)
  • 1898 – Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (d. 1971)
  • 1899 – Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1902 – Hugues Cuénod, Swiss Tenor
  • 1904 – Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1904 – Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (d. 1964)
  • 1906 – Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer (d. 1974)
  • 1906 – Viktor Schreckengost, American industrial designer
  • 1907 – Debs Garms, American baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1908 – Salvador Allende, Former President of Chile (1970-1973)
  • 1909 – Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley’s manager (d. 1997)
  • 1911 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete (d. 1956)
  • 1914 – Laurie Lee, British writer (d. 1997)
  • 1915 – Charlotte Zolotow, American author
  • 1919 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent (d. 1945)
  • 1922 – Eleanor Parker, American actress
  • 1923 – Barbara Graham, American murderer (d. 1955)
  • 1924 – Costas Axelos, Greek philosopher
  • 1925 – Pavel Belyayev, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1970)
  • 1928 – Jacob Druckman, American composer (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Yoshiro Nakamatsu, Japanese inventor
  • 1929 – Milton Glaser, American Designer
  • 1933 – Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor
  • 1933 – Gene Green, American baseball player (d. 1981)
  • 1934 – Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
  • 1934 – Dave Grusin, American jazz pianist
  • 1936 – Robert Maclennan, British politician
  • 1936 – Jean-Claude Cardinal Turcotte, Archbishop of Montreal
  • 1937 – Sombat Metanee, Thai film actor
  • 1937 – Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1938 – Gerald North, American climatologist
  • 1941 – Yves Beauchemin, Canadian novelist
  • 1942 – Gilberto Gil, Brazilian singer and Minister of Culture
  • 1943 – John Beasley, American actor
  • 1943 – Georgie Fame, British singer
  • 1945 – Dwight York, American cult leader
  • 1951 – Gary Gilmour, Australian cricketer
  • 1954 – Steve Barton, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Mick Jones, British guitarist (The Clash, Big Audio Dynamite)
  • 1956 – Chris Isaak, American singer
  • 1957 – Patty Smyth, American singer (Scandal)
  • 1957 – Philippe Couillard, Quebec neurosurgeon and politician
  • 1959 – Mark McKinney, Canadian actor
  • 1960 – Zachary Breaux, American jazz guitarist
  • 1961 – Greg LeMond, American cyclist
  • 1961 – Terri Nunn, American singer (Berlin)
  • 1963 – Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman
  • 1963 – Richard Garfield, American game designer
  • 1967 – Todd Pletcher, American horse trainer
  • 1968 – Paolo Maldini, Italian footballer
  • 1968 – Shannon Sharpe, American football player
  • 1969 – Colin Greenwood, British musician (Radiohead)
  • 1969 – Mike Myers, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Chris O’Donnell, American actor
  • 1970 – Sean Hayes, American Actor
  • 1970 – Irv Gotti, American record producer
  • 1970 – Paul Thomas Anderson, American filmmaker
  • 1970 – Nick Offerman, American actor
  • 1971 – Max Biaggi, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1972 – Garou, Canadian singer
  • 1972 – Jai Taurima, Australian long jumper
  • 1973 – Gretchen Wilson, American singer
  • 1973 – Pawel Malaszynski, Polish actor
  • 1973 – Jussi Sydänmaa, Finnish musician (Lordi)
  • 1974 – Matt Striker, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Derek Jeter, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Jeff Frankenstein, American musician (Newsboys)
  • 1974 – Jason Kendall, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Jonah Sorrentino, American hip hop artist
  • 1976 – Ed Jovanovski, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Chad Pennington, American football player
  • 1976 – Joe Landon, American pornographic actor
  • 1977 – Kubo Tite, Japanese cartoonist
  • 1978 – Alexandra, French singer, L5’s singer
  • 1979 – Kostas Katsouranis, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Wálter Herrmann, Argentinian basketball player
  • 1979 – Andy O’Brien, English footballer
  • 1979 – Ryo Fukuda, Japanese racing driver
  • 1980 – Jason Schwartzman, American actor
  • 1980 – Michael Vick, American football player
  • 1980 – Chris Shelton, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Sinik, French singer and rapper
  • 1983 – Leela James, American singer
  • 1984 – Elijah Dukes, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Raymond Felton, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Deron Williams, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Jose Juan Barea, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader
  • 1986 – Casey Desmond, American singer
  • 1987 – Carlos Iaconelli, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1988 – Kyle Corbet, Canadian author
  • 1992 – Jennette McCurdy, American actress
  • 2005 – Princess Alexia of the Netherlands

June 26 – Deaths:

  • 363 – Julian the Apostate, Roman Emperor (killed in battle) (b. 331)
  • 1291 – Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England
  • 1541 – Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conqueror of Peru (murdered)
  • 1688 – Ralph Cudworth, English philosopher (b. 1617)
  • 1784 – Caesar Rodney, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1728)
  • 1793 – Gilbert White, English ornithologist (b. 1720)
  • 1810 – Joseph Michel Montgolfier, inventor of the hot air balloon (b. 1740)
  • 1836 – Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French composer (La Marseillaise) (b. 1760)
  • 1878 – Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (b. 1860)
  • 1918 – Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
  •  1922 – Albert I, Prince of Monaco (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Ford Madox Ford, English writer (b. 1873)
  • 1943 – Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist and physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1868)
  • 1946 – Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (b. 1880)
  • 1946 – Max Kögel, SS officer (b. 1895)
  • 1947 – Richard Bedford Bennett, eleventh Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1870)
  • 1949 – Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (b. 1876)
  • 1956 – Clifford Brown, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1930)
  • 1957 – Alfred Döblin, German writer (b. 1878)
  • 1958 – George Orton, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and United Nations diplomat (b. 1888)
  • 1964 – Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Françoise Dorléac, French actress (b. 1942)
  • 1975 – St. Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest (b. 1902)
  • 1992 – Herman Rohde, professional wrestler (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – William H. Riker, American political scientist (b. 1920)
  • 1993 – Roy Campanella, Major League baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 1994 – Jahanara Imam, Bangladeshi writer and political activist (b. 1929)
  • 1996 – Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (b. 1958)
  • 1997 – Israel Kamakawiwo’ole, Hawaiian singer (b. 1959)
  • 2002 – Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1913)
  • 2002 – Jay Berwanger, American football player (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroon footballer (b. 1975)
  • 2003 – Strom Thurmond, U.S. Senator (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Sir Dennis Thatcher MBE, husband of Margaret Thatcher (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Yash Johar, Indian film producer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Naomi Shemer, Israeli singer and song-writer (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Richard Whiteley, British television game show host (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Liz Claiborne, Belgian-born American fashion designer (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Joey Sadler, All Black rugby player (b. 1914)

June 26 – Holidays:

  • International Day in Support of Torture Victims
  • International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
  • Madagascar: Independence Day
  • Thailand: Sunthorn Phu Day
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