On This Day in History July 10

July 10 – Events:

  • 48 BC – Battle of Dyrrhachium, Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
  • 988 – The City of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey.
  • 1212 – The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
  • 1460 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick defeats the king’s Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.
  • 1553 – Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England.
  • 1584 – William I of Orange was assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.
  • 1645 – English Civil War: Battle of Langport.
  • 1778 – American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1789 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches Mackenzie River Delta.
  • 1796 – Carl Friedrich Gauss discovered that every positive integer can be represented as a sum of at most three triangular numbers.
  • 1800 – The British Indian Government established Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of the sub continent.
  • 1806 – The Vellore Mutiny was the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
  • 1821 – The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain.
  • 1832 – President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.
  • 1850 – Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States upon the death of President Zachary Taylor, 16 months into his term.
  • 1877 – The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
  • 1890 – Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
  • 1913 – Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
  • 1925 – The Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS), the official news agency of the Soviet Union , is established.
  • 1925 – Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers still observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
  • 1925 – Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called “Monkey Trial” begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of a state law against it.
  • 1938 – Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91 hour airplane flight around the world.
  • 1940 – World War II: Vichy France government established.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain – The German Luftwaffe begin to hit British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle.
  • 1941 – Jedwabne Pogrom was a massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.
  • 1942 – The diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union were established.
  • 1943 – World War II: The launching of Operation Husky begins the Italian Campaign.
  • 1947 – Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee.
  • 1951 – Korean War: At Kaesong, armistice negotiations begin.
  • 1958 – Alaska, highest tsunami wave ever recorded at Lituya Bay, at 524 m high.
  • 1962 – Telstar, the world’s first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
  • 1967 – Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1968 – Maurice Couve de Murville becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1973 – The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1973 – National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on Bangladesh recognition.
  • 1976 – The Seveso Disaster occurs in Italy.
  • 1976 – One US and three UK mercenaries executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
  • 1978 – World News Tonight premieres on ABC.
  • 1978 – Mauritania, President Moktar Ould Daddah is ousted in a bloodless coup.
  • 1985 – Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland, New Zealand Harbor by French DGSE agents.
  • 1991 – Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected President of Russia.
  • 1991 – South African cricket team readmitted into the International Cricket Council (ICC) following the end of Apartheid.
  • 1992 – In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
  • 1997 – London, scientists report their DNA analysis findings from a Neandertal skeleton which support the out of Africa theory of human evolution placing an “African Eve” at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
  • 1997 – Spain, Partido Popular member Miguel Ángel Blanco is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
  • 2000 – A leaking southern Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers scavenging gasoline.
  • 2000 – EADS, the world’s second largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.
  • 2002 – At a Sotheby’s auction, Peter Paul Rubens’ painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Lord Kenneth Thomson.
  • 2003 – A Neoplan bus, owned by Kowloon Motor Bus, collides with a truck, falls off a bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunges into the underlying valley, killing 21 people. This is the deadliest traffic accident to date in Hong Kong.
  • 2005 – Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle causing billions of dollars in damage.

July 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1419 – Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (d. 1471)
  • 1452 – King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
  • 1509 – John Calvin, French religious reformer (d. 1564)
  • 1517 – Odet de Coligny, French cardinal and Protestant (d. 1571)
  • 1592 – Pierre d’Hozier, French historian (d. 1660)
  • 1614 – Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (d. 1686)
  • 1625 – Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (d. 1703)
  • 1638 – David Teniers III, Flemish painter (d. 1685)
  • 1666 – John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (d. 1711)
  • 1682 – Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India (d. 1719)
  • 1682 – Roger Cotes, English mathematician (d. 1716)
  • 1711 – Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain (d. 1783)
  • 1723 – William Blackstone, English jurist (d. 1780)
  • 1736 – Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (d. 1807)
  • 1792 – George Mifflin Dallas, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and the 11th Vice President of the United States (d. 1864)
  • 1809 – Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist (d. 1889)
  • 1830 – Camille Pissarro, French painter (d. 1903)
  • 1832 – Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (d. 1897)
  • 1834 – James McNeil Whistler, American painter (d. 1903)
  • 1835 – Henryk Wieniawski, Polish composer (d. 1880)
  • 1839 – Adolphus Busch, German-born brewer (d. 1913)
  • 1856 – Nikola Tesla, Serb-American inventor (d. 1943)
  • 1867 – Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1871 – Marcel Proust, French writer (d. 1922)
  • 1874 – Sergey Konenkov, Russian painter (d. 1971)
  • 1875 – Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (d. 1955)
  • 1883 – Johannes Blaskowitz, German general (d. 1948)
  • 1888 – Giorgio de Chirico, Italian painter (d. 1978)
  • 1895 – Carl Orff, German composer (d. 1982)
  • 1896 – Thérèse Casgrain, French Canadian politician and senator (d. 1981)
  • 1897 – Karl Plagge, German officer (d. 1957)
  • 1899 – John Gilbert, American actor (d. 1936)
  • 1899 – Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (d. 1978)
  • 1900 – Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Mitchell Parish, American lyricist (d. 1993)
  • 1902 – Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1903 – John Wyndham, British author (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Werner Best, German jurist and nazi leader (d. 1989)
  • 1905 – Thomas Gomez, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1905 – Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician (d. 1948)
  • 1913 – Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet (d. 1985)
  • 1914 – Joe Shuster, Canadian-born cartoonist (d. 1992)
  • 1917 – Don Herbert aka “Mr. Wizard,” American television host (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – David Brinkley, American television reporter (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1921 – Harvey Ball, American inventor (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Jake LaMotta, American boxer
  • 1921 – Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist
  • 1923 – Earl Hamner Jr., American author and television producer
  • 1923 – Jean Kerr, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Bobo Brazil, professional wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Mahathir bin Mohamad, fourth Malaysian Prime Minister
  • 1926 – Fred Gwynne, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician
  • 1927 – Suzanne Cloutier, Canadian film actor (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar
  • 1928 – Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentine-Italian racing driver and car manufacturer (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Bernard Buffet, French painter (d. 1999)
  • 1929 – Winnie Ewing, Scottish politician
  • 1931 – Nick Adams, American actor (d. 1968)
  • 1931 – Alice Munro, Canadian writer
  • 1932 – Carlo Mario Abate, Italian racing driver
  • 1934 – Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer
  • 1935 – Tura Satana, American actress
  • 1938 – Paul Andreu, French architect
  • 1939 – Ahmet Taner Kislali, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator (d. 1999)
  • 1940 – Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur
  • 1940 – Helen Donath, American soprano
  • 1941 – David G. Hartwell, American editor and anthologist
  • 1941 – Ian Whitcomb, English songwriter, entertainer and producer
  • 1942 – Ronnie James Dio, American musician (d. 2010)
  • 1942 – Pyotr Klimuk, cosmonaut
  • 1943 – Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (d. 1993)
  • 1945 – John Motson, British sports (football) commentator
  • 1945 – Jean-Marie Poiré, French film director
  • 1945 – Virginia Wade, British tennis player
  • 1945 – Ron Glass, American actor
  • 1945 – Peter Michalica, Slovak violinist
  • 1946 – Sue Lyon, American actress
  • 1947 – Arlo Guthrie, American musician
  • 1949 – Sunil Gavaskar, Indian cricketer
  • 1949 – John Whitehead, American singer, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1950 – Greg Kihn, American musician
  • 1950 – Prokopis Pavlopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1951 – Cheryl Wheeler, American singer and songwriter
  • 1952 – Ludmilla Tourischeva, Russian gymnast
  • 1952 – Kim Mitchell, Canadian guitarist/singer
  • 1952 – Peter van Heemst, Dutch politician
  • 1953 – Zoogz Rift, singer/songwriter and wrestling booker
  • 1953 – Rik Emmett, Canadian musician (Triumph)
  • 1954 – Neil Tennant, British musician (Pet Shop Boys)
  • 1954 – Andre Dawson, American baseball player
  • 1956 – Tom McClintock, American politician
  • 1957 – Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war/political activist
  • 1958 – Béla Fleck, American musician
  • 1961 – Jacky Cheung, Hong Kong singer and actor
  • 1964 – Urban Meyer, American football coach
  • 1965 – Alec Mapa, Filipino-American actor and comedian
  • 1965 – Ken Mellons, American singer
  • 1965 – Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark
  • 1966 – Johnny Grunge, wrestler (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Tom Meents, American Professional monster truck driver
  • 1968 – Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete
  • 1969 – Gale Harold, American actor
  • 1969 – Alexandra Hedison, American actress
  • 1970 – Helen Sjöholm, Swedish singer and actress
  • 1970 – Gary LeVox, American singer (Rascal Flatts)
  • 1970 – Jason Orange, UK pop singer and dancer (Take That)
  • 1970 – John Simm, British actor
  • 1971 – Gregory Goodridge, Barbadian footballer
  • 1972 – Sofia Vergara, Colombian actress
  • 1974 – Chiwetel Ejiofor, English actor
  • 1975 – Alain Nasreddine, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Stefán Karl Stefánsson, Icelandic actor
  • 1976 – Elijah Blue Allman, American musician (Deadsy)
  • 1976 – Adrian Grenier, American actor
  • 1976 – Ludovic Giuly, French footballer
  • 1976 – Brendon Lade, Australian rules footballer
  • 1976 – Edmílson Gomes, Brazilian footballer
  • 1978 – Jesse Lacey, American musician (Brand New)
  • 1979 – Mvondo Atangana, Cameroon footballer
  • 1980 – Thomas Ian Nicholas, American actor
  • 1980 – Alejandro Millán, Mexican singer and songwriter
  • 1980 – Adam Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000)
  • 1980 – Jessica Simpson, American singer
  • 1980 – Orlando Jordan, American wrestler
  • 1982 – Alex Arrowsmith, American musician
  • 1982 – Sebastian Mila, Polish footballer
  • 1984 – Maria Julia Mantilla Garcia, Miss World 2004

July 10 – Deaths:

  • 138 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor (b. 76)
  • 649 – Li Shimin, Emperor of China (b.599)
  • 1099 – El Cid, of Castile (b. 1044)
  • 1103 – King Eric I of Denmark
  • 1290 – King Ladislaus IV of Hungary (b. 1262)
  • 1460 – Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English military leader (b. 1402)
  • 1480 – King René I of Naples (b. 1410)
  • 1559 – King Henry II of France (b. 1519)
  • 1584 – William I of Orange (b. 1533)
  • 1590 – Archduke Charles II of Austria (b. 1540)
  • 1594 – Paolo Bellasio, Italian composer (b. 1554)
  • 1621 – Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (b. 1571)
  • 1653 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
  • 1680 – Louis Moréri, French encyclopedist (b. 1643)
  • 1683 – François-Eudes de Mézeray, French historian (b. 1610)
  • 1686 – John Fell, English churchman (b. 1625)
  • 1776 – Richard Peters, English-born clergyman (b. 1704)
  • 1806 – George Stubbs, British painter (b. 1724)
  • 1851 – Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (b. 1787)
  • 1881 – Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)
  • 1884 – Paul Morphy, American chess player (b. 1837)
  • 1908 – Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (b. 1839)
  • 1920 – Jackie Fisher, British admiral (b. 1841)
  • 1941 – Jelly Roll Morton, American musician (b. 1890)
  • 1954 – Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1877)
  • 1963 – Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster and rugby union player (b. 1893)
  • 1970 – Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (b. 1908)
  • 1972 – Lovie Austin, American jazz pianist (b. 1887)
  • 1978 – John D Rockefeller III, American businessman (b. 1906)
  • 1978 – Joe Davis, English snooker player (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (b. 1894)
  • 1981 – Ken Rex McElroy, American hog rustler (b. 1936)
  • 1987 – John H. Hammond, American record producer (b. 1910)
  • 1989 – Mel Blanc, American voice actor (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Vakkom Majeed, Indian Freedom fighter, Travancore-Cochin Legislative member (b. 1909)
  • 2000 – Justin Pierce, English-American actor and skateboarder (b. 1975)
  • 2002 – Jean-Pierre Côté, French Canadian politician and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Winston Graham, English writer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Hartley Shawcross, British prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Bishnu Maden, Nepalese politician
  • 2005 – A.J. Quinnell, English writer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Freda Wright-Sorce, American radio performer (b. 1955)
  • 2005 – Freddy Soto, American comedian and actor (b. 1970)
  • 2005- Jimmy Franklin and Bobby Younkin, airshow performers
  • 2006 – Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel (b. 1965)
  • 2007 – Abdul Rashid Ghazi, radical Pakistani cleric (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Doug Marlette, American cartoonist (b. 1949)

July 10 – Holidays:

  • Bahamas – Independence Day.
  • Silence Day – celebrated by followers of Meher Baba.
  • Mauritania – Armed Forces Day.
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