On This Day in History July 13

July 13 – Events:

  • 1174 – William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by  forces loyal to Henry II of England.
  • 1558 – Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
  • 1573 – Eighty Years’ War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.
  • 1643 – English Civil War: Battle of Roundway Down – In England, Lord Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, commanding the Royalist forces, wins a crushing victory over the Parliamentarian Sir William Waller.
  • 1787 – The Continental Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance establishing governing rules for the Northwest Territory. It also establishes procedures for the admission of new states and limits the expansion of slavery.
  • 1794 – Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • 1854 – In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
  • 1863 – New York Draft Riots: In New York City, opponents of conscription begin three days of rioting which will be later regarded as the worst in United States history.
  • 1878 – Treaty of Berlin: The European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman empire.
  • 1919 – The British airship R34 lands in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.
  • 1923 – The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads “Hollywoodland ” but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
  • 1941 – World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • 1973 – Alexander Butterfield reveals the existence of the Nixon tapes to the special Senate committee investigating the Watergate break in.
  • 1985 – The Live Aid benefit concert takes place in London and Philadelphia, as well as other venues such as Sydney and Moscow.
  • 1985 – Vice President George H.W. Bush became the Acting President for the day when President Ronald Reagan underwent surgery to remove polyps from his colon.

July 13 – Birthdays:

  • 100 BC – Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader (d. 44 BC) (born either July 12 or July 13)
  • 40 AD – Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman Governor of Britain (d. 93 AD)
  • 1527 – John Dee, English scientist (d. 1609)
  • 1579 – Arthur Dee, English physician (d. 1651)
  • 1590 – Pope Clement X (d. 1676)
  • 1607 – Václav Hollar, Czech-born artist (d. 1677)
  • 1608 – Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1657)
  • 1745 – Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)
  • 1770 – Alexander Balashov, Russian general (d. 1837)
  • 1776 – Caroline of Baden, queen of Bavaria (d. 1841)
  • 1793 – John Clare, English poet (d. 1864)
  • 1798 – Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1821 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate cavalry officer, and founder of the original Ku Klux Klan (d. 1877)
  • 1841 – Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • 1858 – Stewart Culin, American ethnographer (d. 1929)
  • 1859 – Sidney Webb, British socialist (d. 1947)
  • 1864 – John Jacob Astor IV, American entrepreneur (d. 1912)
  • 1889 – Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (d. 1940)
  • 1895 – Sidney Blackmer, American actor (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
  • 1898 – Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
  • 1900 – George Lewis, American musician (d. 1969)
  • 1901 – Eric Portman, English stage and film actor (d. 1969)
  • 1905 – Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Dave Garroway, American television host (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Alberto Ascari, Italian race car driver, and two-time F1 world champion (d. 1955)
  • 1920 – Bill Towers, English footballer (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Git Gay, Swedish actress and singer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Ernest Gold, Austrian composer (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Ken Mosdell, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Anker Jørgensen, Danish Prime Minister, Democratic Socialist
  • 1924 – Carlo Bergonzi, Italian singer
  • 1924 – Michel Constantin, French film actor (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Simone Veil, French politician
  • 1928 – Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (d. 2000)
  • 1928 – Bob Crane, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1928 – Leroy Vinnegar, American jazz bassist
  • 1929 – Sofia Muratova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1931 – Frank Ramsey, American basketball player
  • 1932 – Hubert Reeves, Canadian astrophysicist
  • 1933 – Patsy Byrne, English actress
  • 1934 – Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 – Aleksei Yeliseyev, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1935 – Jack Kemp, American football player and politician
  • 1936 – Albert Ayler, American musician (d. 1970)
  • 1940 – Patrick Stewart, English actor
  • 1941 – Robert Forster, American actor
  • 1941 – Jacques Perrin, French actor and filmmaker
  • 1942 – Harrison Ford, American actor
  • 1942 – Roger McGuinn, American musician
  • 1944 – Erno Rubik, Hungarian inventor
  • 1946 – Cheech Marin, American actor
  • 1948 – Catherine Breillat, French director and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Daphne Maxwell Reid, Actress
  • 1950 – George “Pinky” Nelson, American astronaut
  • 1950 – Ma Ying-jeou, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang(KMT)
  • 1951 – Rob Bishop, American politician
  • 1953 – Mila Mulroney, wife of former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney
  • 1954 – Sezen Aksu, Turkish singer
  • 1954 – Rick Chartraw, American ice hockey player
  • 1954 – Louise Mandrell, American musician
  • 1954 – David Thompson, American basketball player
  • 1956 – Claude Giroux, Canadian midget wrestler
  • 1956 – Michael Spinks, American former boxer
  • 1957 – Thierry Boutsen, Belgian racing driver
  • 1957 – Cameron Crowe, American film director
  • 1957 – Phil Margera, father of Bam Margera
  • 1959 – Richard Leman, English field hockey player
  • 1960 – Ian Hislop, English writer, editor of Private Eye
  • 1961 – Stelios Manolas, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Tim Watson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1962 – Tom Kenny, American voice actor
  • 1962 – Rhonda Vincent, American singer
  • 1963 – Neal Foulds, English snooker player
  • 1963 – Spud Webb, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Gerald Levert, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Benny Benassi, Italian disc jockey
  • 1967 – Dean Barnett, American Conservative blogger
  • 1968 – Robert Gant, American actor
  • 1969 – Mark Greenway, British vocalist
  • 1969 – Kakhi Kakhiashvili, Georgian-born Greek weightlifter
  • 1969 – Oleg Serebrian, Moldovan politician and political scientist
  • 1970 – Barry Pinches, English snooker player
  • 1972 – Sean Waltman, American wrestler
  • 1973 – Ariel Silvio Zárate, Argentine footballer
  • 1974 – Deborah Cox, Canadian R&B singer
  • 1974 – Jarno Trulli, Italian race car driver
  • 1975 – Danni Boatwright, American model, sports caster, and Survivor contestant
  • 1976 – Al Santos, American model and actor
  • 1976 – Sheldon Souray, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Ashley Scott, American actress
  • 1979 – Craig Bellamy, Welsh footballer
  • 1982 – Christopher Bauman, American professional wrestler (d. 2005)
  • 1982 – Joost van den Broek, Dutch keyboard player (After Forever)
  • 1982 – Simon Clist, English footballer
  • 1982 – Yadier Molina, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1983 – Liu Xiang, Chinese hurdling athlete
  • 1985 – Guillermo Ochoa, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Patch Kientz, American Artist
  • 1989 – Sayumi Michishige, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1992 – Dylan Patton, American actor
  • 1994 – Ridge Canipe, American actor

July 13 – Deaths:

  • 939 – Pope Leo VII
  • 1189 – Matilda of England, daughter of Henry II of England (b. 1156)
  • 1205 – Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and Justicier of England
  • 1357 – Bartolus de Saxoferrato Italian jurist (b. 1313)
  • 1399 – Peter Parler, German architect (b. 1330)
  • 1402 – Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)
  • 1551 – John Wallop, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)
  • 1621 – Archduke Albert of Austria, Governor of the Low Countries (b. 1559)
  • 1626 – Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (b. 1563)
  • 1628 – Robert Shirley, English adventurer (b. 1581)
  • 1629 – Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Swedish physician and theologian (b. 1585)
  • 1645 – Tsar Michael I of Russia (b. 1596)
  • 1683 – Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)
  • 1693 – Hendrik Trajectinus, Count of Solms, Dutch lieutenant-general (b. 1636)
  • 1705 – Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator (b. 1649)
  • 1755 – Edward Braddock, British general
  • 1760 – Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania’s ambassador to the Native Americans (b. 1696)
  • 1761 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)
  • 1762 – James Bradley, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1693)
  • 1789 – Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist (b. 1715)
  • 1793 – Jean-Paul Marat, French revolutionary (b. 1743)
  • 1807 – Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
  • 1882 – Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)
  • 1889 – Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
  • 1890 – John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)
  • 1896 – Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German chemist (b. 1829)
  • 1921 – Gabriel Lippmann, Luxembourg scientist (b. 1845)
  • 1922 – Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
  • 1946 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (b. 1864)
  • 1951 – Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
  • 1954 – Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (b. 1907)
  • 1955 – Ruth Ellis, last woman to get the death sentence in Britain (b. 1926)
  • 1960 – Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
  • 1967 – Tom Simpson, British cyclist (b. 1937)
  • 1973 – Willy Fritsch, German film actor (b. 1901)
  • 1974 – Patrick Blackett, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
  • 1976 – Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1884)
  • 1976 – Joachim Peiper, German military leader (SS, by assassination; b. 1915,)
  • 1979 – Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and graphic artist (1913)
  • 1980 – Seretse Khama, first President of Botswana (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – Davey Allison, American race car driver (b. 1961)
  • 1995 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – Pandro S. Berman, American film producer (b. 1905)
  • 1997 – Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (b. 1968)
  • 2002 – Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 – Compay Segundo, Cuban musician (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Arthur Kane, American musician (b. 1949)
  • 2004 – Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (b. 1930)
  • 2006 – Red Buttons, American comedian (b. 1919)
  • 2010 – George Steinbrenner, NY Yankees owner (b. 1930)

July 13-Holidays

  • Bon Festival – Buddhist festival to honor the dead (East Japan)
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