On This Day in History July 16

July 16 – Events:

  • 622 – The beginning of the Islamic calendar.
  • 1661 – The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco.
  • 1683 – Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
  • 1769 – Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego de Alcalá, the first mission in California. The mission later evolves into the city of San Diego.
  • 1782 – First performance of Mozart’s opera The Abduction from the Seraglio.
  • 1790 – The signing of the Residence Bill establishes a site along the Potomac River as the District of Columbia (seat of government).
  • 1862 – American Civil War: David G. Farragut becomes the first United States Navy rear admiral.
  • 1880 – Dr. Emily Howard Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
  • 1931 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.
  • 1941 – New York Yankees’ Joe DiMaggio gets a hit in his 56th consecutive game.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: Rafle du Vel’d’Hiv: The Vichy France government orders French police officers to round up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome. In 1995, president Jacques Chirac officially recognizes the French police’s responsibility.
  • 1945 – Manhattan Project: The Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon at the Trinity site near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
  • 1948 – The city of Nazareth, hometown of Jesus, capitulated to Israeli troops during Operation Dekel led by Ben Dunkelman, after little more than token resistance, during 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
  • 1951 – King Léopold III of Belgium abdicates in favour of his son, Baudouin I of Belgium.
  • 1955 – Original Disneyland park opens in Anaheim, California
  • 1957 – United States Marine Major John Glenn flies a F8U Crusader supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds setting a new transcontinental speed record.
  • 1965 – The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France with Italy opens.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 11 is launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida and will become the first manned space mission to land on the moon.
  • 1973 – Watergate Scandal: Former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield informs the United States Senate that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially-incriminating conversations.
  • 1979 – Iraqi President Hasan al-Bakr resigns and is replaced by Saddam Hussein.
  • 1981 – Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad becomes Malaysia’s 4th Prime Minister until retired on October 31, 2003.
  • Making him Asia’s longest-serving political leaders (22 years as Prime Minister of Malaysia).
  • 1983 – Sikorsky S-61 disaster: helicopter crash off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.
  • 1999 – John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are killed in a plane crash off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard. The Piper Saratoga aircraft was piloted by Kennedy.
  • 2004 – Millennium Park, considered the first and most ambitious architectural project in the early 21st century for Chicago, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.
  • 2007 – An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and aftershock of 6.6 occur off the Niigata coast, Japan, killing 8 people with at least 800 injured and damaging a nuclear power plant.

July 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1194 – Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (d. 1253)
  • 1486 – Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (d. 1530)
  • 1611 – Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1644)
  • 1714 – Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer (d. 1800)
  • 1722 – Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (d. 1803)
  • 1723 – Joshua Reynolds, English painter (d. 1792)
  • 1796 – Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, French painter (d. 1875)
  • 1821 – Mary Baker Eddy, American religious leader (d. 1910)
  • 1858 – Eugène Ysaÿe, Belgian violinist (d. 1931)
  • 1862 – Ida B. Wells, American civil rights activist (d. 1931)
  • 1870 – Lambert McKenna, Irish scholar (d. 1956)
  • 1872 – Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer (d. 1928)
  • 1883 – Charles Sheeler, American photographer and artist (d. 1965)
  • 1884 – Anna Vyrubova, Russian memoirist (d. 1964)
  • 1888 – Percy Kilbride, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1888 – Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
  • 1888 – “Shoeless” Joe Jackson, American baseball player (d. 1951)
  • 1889 – Larry Semon, American comedian (d. 1928)
  • 1896 – Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician, first United Nations Secretary General (d. 1968)
  • 1896 – Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German eugenicist and Nazi physician (d. 1969)
  • 1896 – Evelyn Preer, American actress (d. 1932)
  • 1902 – Alexander Luria, Russian psychologist (d. 1977)
  • 1903 – Carmen Lombardo, Canadian musician (d. 1971)
  • 1903 – Mary Philbin, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1903 – Fritz Bauer, German judge (d. 1968)
  • 1906 – Vincent Sherman, American film director (d. 2006)
  • 1907 – Frances Horwich, American educator and television personality (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Orville Redenbacher, American farmer and businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1911 – Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Sonny Tufts, American actor (d. 1970)
  • 1912 – Milt Bocek, American baseball player (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Barnard Hughes, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Choi Kyuha, President of South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Chris Argyris, American educator
  • 1924 – Bess Myerson, American beauty queen
  • 1925 – Cal Tjader, American musician (d. 1982)
  • 1926 – Irwin Rose, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1928 – Anita Brookner, English novelist
  • 1928 – Robert Sheckley, American author (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – David C. Treen, American politician
  • 1928 – Ticho Parly, Danish tenor (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Michael Bilirakis, American politician
  • 1930 – Guy Béart, Egyptian-born French singer and songwriter
  • 1932 – Max McGee, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Dick Thornburgh, American politician
  • 1934 – Don Payne, American politician
  • 1936 – Buddy Merrill, American musician (The Lawrence Welk Show)
  • 1937 – Richard Bryan, American politician
  • 1938 – Tony Jackson, English bass player (The Searchers) (d. 2003)
  • 1939 – Corin Redgrave, English actor
  • 1939 – Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director (d. 1995)
  • 1941 – Desmond Dekker, Jamaican musician (d. 2006)
  • 1941 – Mišo Kovac, Croatian musician
  • 1942 – Margaret Court, Australian tennis player
  • 1943 – Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet (d. 1990)
  • 1946 – Barbara Lee, American politician
  • 1946 – Richard LeParmentier, American actor
  • 1946 – Ron Yary, American football player
  • 1947 – Alexis Herman, 23rd U.S. Secretary of Labor
  • 1947 – Assata Shakur, American activist
  • 1948 – Rubén Blades, Panamanian singer and actor
  • 1948 – Pinchas Zukerman, Israeli violinist
  • 1950 – Pierre Paradis, Quebec politician
  • 1950 – Dennis Priestley, English darts player
  • 1950 – Tom Terrell, musicologist, deejay
  • 1951 – Jean-Luc Mongrain, French-Canadian journalist
  • 1952 – Stewart Copeland, American drummer (The Police)
  • 1952 – Robert David Steele, American spy
  • 1953 – Douglas J. Feith, American Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
  • 1954 – Jeanette Mott Oxford, American politician
  • 1956 – Jerry Doyle, American actor
  • 1956 – Tony Kushner, American playwright
  • 1957 – Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer
  • 1958 – Michael Flatley, Irish-born American dancer
  • 1958 – Pierre Roland Renoir, Canadian artist
  • 1958 – Mike D. Rogers, American politician
  • 1959 – Gary Anderson, American football player
  • 1959 – Doug Herzog, American television executive
  • 1960 – Terry Pendleton, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Phoebe Cates, American actress
  • 1963 – Srecko Katanec, Slovenian footballer and coach
  • 1964 – Phil Hellmuth, American poker player
  • 1964 – Miguel Indurain, Spanish cyclist
  • 1965 – Claude Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Tina Tyler, Canadian porn star
  • 1966 – Johnny Vaughan, English writer and broadcaster
  • 1967 – Will Ferrell, American comedian
  • 1967 – Christopher Rocancourt, French con artist
  • 1968 – Dhanraj Pillay, Indian field hockey player
  • 1968 – Barry Sanders, American football player
  • 1968 – Larry Sanger, American co-founder of Wikipedia
  • 1969 – Kathryn Harby-Williams, Australian netballer
  • 1969 – Daryl Mitchell, American actor
  • 1969 – Rain Pryor, American actress
  • 1970 – Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thai film director
  • 1971 – Edward Kowalczyk, American singer (Live)
  • 1971 – Corey Feldman, American actor
  • 1973 – Stefano Garzelli, Italian cyclist
  • 1973 – Shaun Pollock, South African cricketer
  • 1973 – Tim Ryan, American politician
  • 1973 – Graham Robertson, American filmmaker and author
  • 1974 – Jeremy Enigk, American singer/songwriter and guitarist (Sunny Day Real Estate, The Fire Theft)
  • 1974 – Chris Pontius, American actor and Jackass cast member
  • 1974 – Wendell Sailor, Australian rugby league and union footballer
  • 1975 – Bas Leinders, Belgian racing car driver
  • 1975 – Ana Paula Arósio, Brazilian actress
  • 1975 – Jamie Oliver, Welsh keyboardist
  • 1976 – Bobby Lashley, American professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Carlos Humberto Paredes, Paraguyan footballer
  • 1976 – Anna Smashnova, Israeli tennis player
  • 1976 – Tomasz Kuchar, Polish rally driver
  • 1977 – Bryan Budd, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 2006)
  • 1978 – Taj Anwar, Hip- Hop Activist
  • 1979 – Jayma Mays, American actress
  • 1979 – Chris Mihm, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Jesse Jane, American pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Adam Scott, Australian golfer
  • 1982 – Michael Umaña, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1984 – Katrina Kaif, Indian Actress
  • 1984 – Hayanari Shimoda, Japanese racing driver
  • 1986 – Calum Gittins, New Zealand actor
  • 1989 – Gareth Bale, Welsh footballer
  • 1991 – Randall Bentley, American actor
  • 1994 – Mark Indelicato, American singer and actor

July 16 – Deaths:

  • 1324 – Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (b. 1267)
  • 1342 – King Charles I of Hungary
  • 1546 – Anne Askew, English Protestant (burned at the stake) (b. 1521)
  • 1557 – Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII of England (b. 1515)
  • 1594 – Thomas Kyd, author of The Spanish Tragedy (b. 1558)
  • 1647 – Masaniello, Neapolitan rebel (b. 1622)
  • 1664 – Andreas Gryphius, German writer (b. 1616)
  • 1686 – John Pearson, English theologian (b. 1612)
  • 1691 – François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, French war minister (b. 1641)
  • 1729 – Johann David Heinichen, German composer (b. 1683)
  • 1747 – Giuseppe Maria Crespi, Italian painter (b. 1665)
  • 1770 – Francis Cotes, English painter (b. 1726)
  • 1796 – George Howard, British field marshal (b. 1718)
  • 1831 – Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
  • 1879 – Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (b. 1800)
  • 1882 – Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (b. 1818)
  • 1886 – Ned Buntline, American pulp novelist (b. 1823)
  • 1896 – Edmond Goncourt, French writer and critic (b. 1822)
  • 1915 – Ellen White, American co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1827)
  • 1916 – Ilya Mechnikov, Russian microbiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1845)
  • 1917 – Philipp Scharwenka, Polish-German composer (b. 1847)
  • 1947 – Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish humanitarian (exact date of death uncertain) (b. 1912)
  • 1949 – Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian poet (b. 1866)
  • 1953 – Hilaire Belloc, English writer (b. 1870)
  • 1960 – Albert Kesselring, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1960 – John P. Marquand, American novelist (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat assassinated in 1976 by the Chilean DINA
  • 1979 – Alfred Deller, English countertenor (b. 1912)
  • 1981 – Harry Chapin, American musician (b. 1942)
  • 1982 – Patrick Dewaere, French actor (b. 1947)
  • 1985 – Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1985 – Wayne King, American musician, songwriter and bandleader (b. 1901)
  • 1989 – Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (b. 1927)
  • 1990 – Sidney Torch, English composer, conductor and organist (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Frank Rizzo, American politician (b. 1920
  • 1992 – Buck Buchanan, American football player (b. 1940)
  • 1994 – Julian Schwinger, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Marcel-Marie Desmarais, French Canadian priest, writer, preacher and broadcaster (b.  1908)
  • 1995 – May Sarton, Belgian-born American poet (b. 1912)
  • 1995 – Stephen Spender, English poet (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – John Panozzo, American musician (Styx) (b. 1948)
  • 1996 – Adolf von Thadden, German politician, (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – John Henrik Clarke, American historian and scholar (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Maurice De Bevere, Belgian cartoonist (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Terry Gordy, American professional wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 2002 – John Cocke, American computer scientist (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Celia Cruz, Cuban musician (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Carol Shields, Canadian author (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – George Busbee, Governor of Georgia (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Prince Gu of Korea (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Camillo Felgen, Luxembourgish singer, lyricist, and entertainer (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Bob Orton, Sr., American professional wrestler (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas (b. 1948)

July 16 – Holidays:

  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel
  • Saint Helier, hermit, martyr
  • Saint Gondulph, bishop of Tongeren, confessors
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