On This Day in History July 19

July 19 – Events:

  • 711 – Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic.
  • 1333 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill – The final battle of the war.
  • 1544 – Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne began.
  • 1545 – The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth.
  • 1553 – Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after having that title for just nine days.
  • 1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – The Spanish Armada sighted in the English Channel.
  • 1692 – Salem Witch Trials: Five women are hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts.
  • 1760 – The formal request to found the later city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is filed by its founders.
  • 1843 – Brunel’s steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and also becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.
  • 1848 – Women’s rights: The two day Women’s Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York and the “Bloomers” are introduced at the feminist convention.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Morgan’s Raid – At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan’s raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.
  • 1879 – Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon.
  • 1908 – Dutch footballclub Feyenoord Rotterdam is founded.
  • 1912 – A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg explodes over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
  • 1919 – Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Cape Spada – The Royal Navy and the Regia Marina clash; the Italian light cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni sinks, with 121 casualties.
  • 1940 – World War II: Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of the Atlantic – German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to the effective American convoy system.
  • 1947 – Burmese nationalist Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members were assassinated.
  • 1963 – Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 metres (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international conventions.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Khanh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam.
  • 1967 – A Piedmont Airlines Boeing 727 and a Cessna 310 collided in mid-air over Hendersonville, North Carolina killing 82.
  • 1976 – Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.
  • 1979 – The Sandinista rebels overthrow the U.S.-backed government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.
  • 1983 – The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
  • 1985 – The Val di Stava dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • 1989 – United Airlines flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 112 of the 296 passengers.

July 19 – Birthdays:

  • 1670 – Richard Leveridge, English bass and composer (d. 1758)
  • 1688 – Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian missionary to China (d. 1766)
  • 1744 – Heinrich Christian Boie, German author (d. 1806)
  • 1759 – Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint (d. 1833)
  • 1789 – John Martin, English painter (d. 1854)
  • 1800 – Juan José Flores, military and first president of Ecuador (d. 1864)
  • 1814 – Samuel Colt, American firearms inventor (d. 1862)
  • 1819 – Gottfried Keller, Swiss writer (d. 1890)
  • 1822 – Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1916)
  • 1827 – Mangal Pandey, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1857)
  • 1834 – Edgar Degas, French painter (d. 1917)
  • 1860 – Lizzie Borden, American accused murderer (d. 1927)
  • 1865 – Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and founder of the Mayo Clinic (d. 1939)
  • 1877 – Arthur Fielder, English cricketer (d. 1949)
  • 1883 – Max Fleischer, Austrian animator and film producer (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (d. 1930)
  • 1894 – Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1965)
  • 1894 – Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • 1895 – Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (d. 1953)
  • 1896 – A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (d. 1981)
  • 1896 – Bob Meusel, American baseball player (d. 1977)
  • 1898 – Herbert Marcuse, German-born philosopher (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, Last Lincoln descendant (d.1985)
  • 1912 – Norman Carr, British conservationist (b. 1997)
  • 1914 – Marius Russo, baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – William Scranton, American politician
  • 1919 – Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Rosalyn Yalow, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1922 – Harold Camping, American evangelist, founder of Family Radio
  • 1922 – George McGovern, American politician
  • 1923 – William A. Rusher, American columnist
  • 1924 – Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Pat Hingle, American actor
  • 1925 – Sue Thompson, American pop and country music singer
  • 1926 – Helen Gallagher, American actress
  • 1934 – Francisco Sá Carneiro, Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1980)
  • 1935 – Vasily Livanov, Russian and Soviet film actor
  • 1937 – George Hamilton IV, American country singer
  • 1938 – Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist
  • 1938 – Nicholas Bethell, British historian (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Richard Jordan, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1941 – Vikki Carr, American singer
  • 1941 – Neelie Kroes, Dutch EU Commissioner for Competition
  • 1946 – Alan Gorrie, Scottish musician (Average White Band)
  • 1946 – Ilie Nastase, Romanian tennis player
  • 1947 – Hans-Jürgen Kreische, East German footballer
  • 1947 – Bernie Leadon, American musician (The Eagles)
  • 1947 – Brian May, English guitarist (Queen)
  • 1948 – Beverly Archer, American actress
  • 1948 – Keith Godchaux, American musician (Grateful Dead) (d. 1980)
  • 1949 – Ivar Kants, Australian actor
  • 1950 – Per-Kristian Foss, Norwegian Minister of Finance
  • 1950 – Freddy Moore, American songwriter
  • 1951 – Abel Ferrara, American filmmake
  • 1951 – Jayson Stark, American sportswriter
  • 1952 – Allen Collins, American musician (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1990)
  • 1952 – Robert A. Ficano, American politician
  • 1952 – John Griesheimer, American politician
  • 1954 – Srda Trifkovic, Serbian-American journalist
  • 1956 – Nikki Sudden, English musician (d. 2006)
  • 1958 – Reuben Kane, American professional wrestler
  • 1958 – David Robertson, American symphony orchestra conductor
  • 1960 – Atom Egoyan, Canadian filmmaker
  • 1961 – Maria Filatova, Soviet gymnast
  • 1961 – Hideo Nakata, Japanese film director
  • 1961 – Campbell Scott, American actor
  • 1961 – Benoît Mariage, Belgian film director
  • 1962 – Anthony Edwards, American actor
  • 1964 – André A. Jackson, founder African Diamond Producers Association
  • 1964 – Masahiko Kondo, Japanese singer, actor and racing driver
  • 1965 – Stuart Scott, American sportscaster
  • 1966 – Nancy Walls, American actress
  • 1966 – David Segui, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Yael Abecassis, Israeli actress and model
  • 1968 – Robert Flynn, American musician (Machine Head)
  • 1968 – Jim Norton, American comedian and radio personality (The Opie and Anthony Show)
  • 1971 – Russell Allen, American musician (Symphony X)
  • 1971 – Urs Bühler, Swiss tenor (Il Divo)
  • 1971 – Vitali Klitschko, Ukrainian boxer
  • 1972 – Naohito Fujiki, Japanese actor and singer
  • 1973 – Martin Powell, English musician (Cradle of Filth)
  • 1973 – Saïd Taghmaoui, French actor
  • 1973 – Scott Walker, Canadian hockey player
  • 1974 – Preston Wilson, baseball player
  • 1976 – Vinessa Shaw, American actress
  • 1977 – Ed Smith, English cricketer
  • 1977 – Charles John Spencer, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Haitham Mustafa, Sudanese footballer
  • 1977 – Jean-Sébastien Aubin, Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1978 – Nené, Brazilian footballer
  • 1979 – Luke Young, English footballer
  • 1979 – Rick Ankiel, Baseball pitcher/ outfielder
  • 1980 – Giorgio Mondini, Italian racing driver
  • 1980 – Xavier Malisse, Belgian tennis player
  • 1980 – Mark Webber, American actor
  • 1981 – Didz Hammond, bassist/backing vocalist (Dirty Pretty Things and The Cooper Temple  Clause)
  • 1981 – Jimmy Gobble, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Anderson Luiz de Carvalho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Jared Padalecki, American actor
  • 1982 – Stuart Parnaby, English footballer
  • 1982 – Jess Vanstrattan, Australian footballer
  • 1984 – Lasse Gjertsen, Norweigan animator
  • 1984 – Alessandra De Rossi, Filipino actress
  • 1984 – Adam Morrison, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Lewis Price, Welsh footballer
  • 1990 – Steven Anthony Lawrence, American actor

July 19 – Deaths:

  • 514 – Pope Symmachus, Italian clergy
  • 931 – Uda, Emperor of Japan (b. 867)
  • 1374 – Petrarch, Italian poet (b. 1304)
  • 1415 – Philippa of Lancaster, wife of John I of Portugal (plague) (b. 1359)
  • 1543 – Lady Mary Boleyn, mistress of King Henry VIII of England
  • 1631 – Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (b. 1550)
  • 1692 – Sarah Good, Puritan accused of being witch during Salem Witch Trials (b. 1653)
  • 1742 – William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675)
  • 1810 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Queen of Prussia (b. 1776)
  • 1814 – Captain Matthew Flinders, English explorer of Australia (b. 1774)
  • 1838 – Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (b. 1785)
  • 1850 – Margaret Fuller, American writer (b. 1810)
  • 1857 – Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1796)
  • 1868 – Soji Okita, Japanese samurai (b. 1842 or 1844)
  • 1896 – Abraham H. Cannon, American Mormon apostle (b. 1859)
  • 1913 – Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia (b. 1852)
  • 1939 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (b. 1850)
  • 1947 – Aung San, Burmese nationalist (assassinated) (b. 1915)
  • 1947 – U Razak, Burmese politician (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Syngman Rhee, first President of South Korea (b. 1875)
  • 1972 – Hezekiah M. Washburn, missionary (b. 1884)
  • 1974 – Joe Flynn, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1975 – Lefty Frizzell, American country music singer and songwriter (b. 1928)
  • 1980 – Nihat Erim, Prime Minister of Turkey (assassinated) (b. 1912)
  • 1981 – Roger Doucet, French Canadian tenor (b. 1919)
  • 1982 – John Harvey, stage and film actor (b. 1911)
  • 1984 – Faina Ranevskaya, Russian actress (b. 1896)
  • 1985 – Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish writer (b. 1938)
  • 1989 – Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (b. 1913)
  • 1990 – Eddie Quillan, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Elmer Valo, baseball player (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Alan Lomax, American folksong collector (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Bill Bright, American evangelist (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Pierre Graber, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Reverend Francis Marzen, American Catholic prelate (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – John Tyndall, British politician (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Edward Bunker, American writer (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Jack Warden, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Roberto Fontanarrosa, Argentine cartoonist (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – A. K. Faezul Huq, Lawyer, politician, and freelance journalist (b. 1945)

July 19 – Holidays:

Myanmar (Burma) – Burmese Martyrs’ Day.

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