On This Day in History July 30

July 30 – Events:

  • 1419 – First Defenestration of Prague.
  • 1502 – Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage.
  • 1608 – At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs. This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years.
  • 1619 – In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
  • 1629 – An earthquake in Naples, Italy kills 10,000 people.
  • 1729 – Baltimore, Maryland is founded.
  • 1733 – First Freemasons lodge opened in what will become the United States.
  • 1756 – Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers.
  • 1825 – Malden Island discovered.
  • 1863 – Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of the Crater – Union forces attempt to break Confederate lines by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
  • 1866 – New Orleans’s Democratic government ordered police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
  • 1871 – The Staten Island Ferry Westfield’s boiler explodes, killing over 85 people.
  • 1930 – In Montevideo, Uruguay win the first Football World Cup.
  • 1932 – Olympic Games: The Games of the X Olympiad open in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1932 – Walt Disney’s Flowers and Trees, the first Academy Award winning cartoon and first cartoon short to use Technicolor, premieres.
  • 1945 – World War II: Japanese submarine I-58 sinks the USS Indianapolis (CA-35), killing 883 seamen.
  • 1953 – Rikidozan holds a ceremony announcing the establishment of the Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance.
  • 1954 – Elvis Presley makes his debut as a public performer.
  • 1956 – A Joint resolution of the U.S. Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing “In God We Trust” as the U.S. national motto.
  • 1965 – US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
  • 1966 – England national football team win 1966 FIFA World Cup beating West Germany 4-2 in the Final.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: US President Richard M. Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and meets with President Nguyen Van Thieu and with U.S. military commanders.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 15 Mission – David Scott and James Irwin on Apollo Lunar Module module, Falcon, land with first Lunar Rover on the moon.
  • 1971 – An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collide over Morioka, Japan killing 162.
  • 1974 – Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1975 – Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He is never seen or heard from again.
  • 1980 – Vanuatu gains independence.
  • 1990 – The first Saturn automobile rolls off the assembly line.
  • 1997 – Eighteen lives are lost in the Thredbo Landslide in New South Wales, Australia.
  • 2002 – The law referred to as “The Sarbanes Oxley Act” was signed into law by United States President George W. Bush.
  • 2003 – In Mexico, the last ‘old style’ Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line.
  • 2006 – World’s longest running music show Top of the Pops broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years.
  • 2007 – John Brumby becomes Premier of Victoria following the resignation of Steve Bracks.

July 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1511 – Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and architect (d. 1574)
  • 1549 – Ferdinando I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1609)
  • 1641 – Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1673)
  • 1751 – Maria Anna Mozart, Austriaan musician (d. 1829)
  • 1763 – Samuel Rogers, English author (d. 1855)
  • 1818 – Emily Brontë, English novelist (d. 1848)
  • 1825 – Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (d. 1893)
  • 1855 – Georg Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1919)
  • 1857 – Thorstein Veblen, American economist (d. 1929)
  • 1859 – Henry Simpson Lunn, English humanitarian (d. 1939)
  • 1863 – Henry Ford, American industrialist (d. 1947)
  • 1872 – Princess Clémentine of Belgium (d. 1955)
  • 1881 – Smedley Butler, American Marine general (d. 1940)
  • 1889 – Vladimir Zworykin, Russian physicist (d. 1982)
  • 1890 – Casey Stengel, American baseball manager (d. 1975)
  • 1893 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation (d. 1967)
  • 1895 – Wanda Hawley, American actress (d. 1963)
  • 1898 – Henry Moore, English sculptor (d. 1986)
  • 1899 – Gerald Moore, English pianist (d. 1987)
  • 1901 – Alfred Lépine, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1955)
  • 1904 – Salvador Novo, Mexican writer (d. 1974)
  • 1909 – C. Northcote Parkinson, English historian (d. 1993)
  • 1910 – Edgar de Evia, American photographer (d. 2003)
  • 1914 – Lord Killanin, Irish IOC president (d. 1999)
  • 1916 – Dick Wilson, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Berniece Baker Miracle, half-sister of Marilyn Monroe
  • 1921 – Grant Johannesen, American pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1922 – Henry W. Bloch, American co-founder of H&R Block
  • 1925 – Alexander Trocchi, Scottish writer (d. 1984)
  • 1925 – Jacques Sernas, French actor
  • 1926 – Christine McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
  • 1927 – Victor Wong, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Eunice Muñoz, Portuguese actress
  • 1928 – Joe Nuxhall, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Sid Krofft, Canadian children’s television producer
  • 1933 – Edd Byrnes, American actor
  • 1934 – Bud Selig, American Commissioner of Baseball
  • 1935 – Ted Rogers, English comedian and game show host (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Buddy Guy, American blues guitarist and singer
  • 1936 – Infanta Pilar of Spain
  • 1938 – Hervé de Charette, French politician
  • 1939 – Peter Bogdanovich, American film director
  • 1939 – Eleanor Smeal, American feminist
  • 1940 – Pat Schroeder, American politician
  • 1940 – Sir Clive Sinclair, English entrepreneur and inventor
  • 1941 – Paul Anka, Canadian singer and composer
  • 1943 – Henri-François Gautrin, Quebec politician
  • 1945 – David Sanborn, American saxophonist
  • 1946 – Neil Bonnett, American race car driver (d. 1994)
  • 1947 – William Atherton, American actor
  • 1947 – Jonathan Mann, AIDS activist (d. 1998)
  • 1947 – Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-born American actor, bodybuilder, and 38th Governor of  California
  • 1948 – Jean Reno, Moroccan-born French actor
  • 1949 – Duck Baker, American guitarist
  • 1950 – Frank Stallone, American singer and actor
  • 1954 – Ken Olin, American actor
  • 1956 – Delta Burke, American actress
  • 1956 – Réal Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Anita Hill, American author
  • 1957 – Clint Hurdle, American baseball player and manager
  • 1957 – Nery Pumpido, Argentine soccer player
  • 1957 – Rat Scabies, English drummer (The Damned)
  • 1958 – Kate Bush, English singer/songwriter
  • 1958 – Daley Thompson, English decathlete
  • 1961 – Laurence Fishburne, American actor
  • 1961 – Richard Linklater, American filmmaker
  • 1962 – Alton Brown, American television host and chef
  • 1962 – Jay Feaster, American National Hockey League executive
  • 1963 – Lisa Kudrow, American actress
  • 1963 – Chris Mullin, American basketball player
  • 1964 – Vivica A. Fox, American actress
  • 1964 – Jürgen Klinsmann, German soccer player and manager
  • 1964 – Alek Keshishian, Lebanese-born American film director
  • 1968 – Robert Korzeniowski, Polish athlete
  • 1968 – Sean Moore, Welsh drummer (Manic Street Preachers)
  • 1969 – Simon Baker, American actor
  • 1970 – Christopher Nolan, English film director
  • 1971 – Tom Green, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1971 – Christine Taylor, American actress
  • 1971 – Sagi Kalev, Bodybuilder
  • 1973 – Markus Naslund, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Sonu Nigam, Indian singer/actor
  • 1974 – Hilary Swank, American actress
  • 1974 – Radostin Kishishev, Bulgarian soccer player
  • 1974 – Jason Robinson, English dual-code rugby player
  • 1975 – Graham Nicholls, English artist
  • 1975 – Cherie Priest, American writer
  • 1977 – Jaime Pressly, American actress
  • 1977 – Ian Watkins, Welsh singer (Lostprophets)
  • 1978 – James Branaman, American model and reality show contestant
  • 1979 – Carlos Arroyo, Puerto Rican basketball player
  • 1979 – Graeme McDowell, Northern Irish golfer
  • 1980 – James Anderson, English cricketer
  • 1980 – Sara Anzanello, Italian volleyball player
  • 1980 – Chuck Thomas, British TV producer / presenter
  • 1981 – Nicky Hayden, American motorcycle racer
  • 1981 – Juan Smith, South African rugby player
  • 1982 – Yvonne Strahovski, Australian actress
  • 1983 – Sean Dillon, Irish soccer player
  • 1984 – Gabrielle Christian, American actress
  • 1984 – Kevin Pittsnogle, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Daniel Fredheim Holm, Norwegian soccer player
  • 1987 – Elise Estrada, Canadian pop Singer
  • 1990 – Destin Alexandra Underwood, Master of Disguise
  • 2002 – Prince Hridayendra of Nepal, Nepalese royal

July 30 – Deaths:

  • 578 – Jacob Baradaeus, Bishop of Edessa
  • 579 – Pope Benedict I
  • 1540 – Thomas Abel, English priest (martyred)
  • 1540 – Robert Barnes, English churchman (martyred) (b. 1495)
  • 1550 – Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, English politician (b. 1505)
  • 1652 – Charles Amédée de Savoie, 6th Duc de Nemours, French soldier (b. 1624)
  • 1680 – Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory, Irish naval commander (b. 1634)
  • 1683 – Maria Theresa of Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France (b. 1638)
  • 1691 – Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)
  • 1718 – William Penn, English founder of the Province of Pennsylvania (b. 1644)
  • 1771 – Thomas Gray, English poet and letter-writer (b. 1716)
  • 1811 – Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican patriot and Independence leader (b. 1753)
  • 1875 – George Pickett, American Confederate general (b. 1825)
  • 1898 – Otto von Bismarck, 1st Chancellor of the German Empire (b. 1815)
  • 1900 – Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1844)
  • 1912 – Emperor Meiji, Japanese emperor (b. 1852)
  • 1918 – Joyce Kilmer, American poet (b. 1886)
  • 1930 – Joan Gamper, Swiss-Catalan businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (b. 1877)
  • 1947 – Joseph Cook, 6th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1860)
  • 1965 – Jun’ichiro Tanizaki, Japanese author (b. 1886)
  • 1970 – George Szell, Hungarian conductor (b. 1897)
  • 1971 – Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Roberta Pedon, American glamour model (b. 1954)
  • 1983 – Howard Dietz, American lyricist (b. 1896)
  • 1983 – Lynn Fontanne, English actress (b. 1887)
  • 1985 – Julia Hall Bowman Robinson, American mathematician (b. 1919)
  • 1989 – Lane Frost, American bull rider (b. 1963)
  • 1992 – Joe Shuster, Canadian comic book artist (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – Brenda Marshall, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – Claudette Colbert, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1998 – Buffalo Bob Smith, American television host (Howdy Doody) (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Andre Noble, Canadian actor (b. 1979)
  • 2005 – Ray Cunningham, American baseball player (b. 1905)
  • 2005 – John Garang, Vice President of Sudan (b. 1945)
  • 2005 – Anthony Walker, English hate crime murder victim (b. 1987)
  • 2006 – Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordionist (b. 1904)
  • 2006 – Al Balding, Canadian golfer (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Teoctist, Ex-Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Ingmar Bergman, Swedish stage and film director (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Bill Walsh, American football coach (b. 1931)

July 30 – Holidays:

  • Vanuatu – Independence Day (formerly Anglo-French condominium of the New Hebrides).
  • Roman Catholicism:

o   Saints Abdon and Sennen

o   Saint Peter Chrysologus, bishop, Doctor of the Church (died 450)

o   Saint Ursus, bishop of Auxerre, confessor

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