On This Day in History August 2

August 2 – Events:

  • 338 BC – A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
  • 216 BC – Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae – The Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.
  • 1610 – Henry Hudson sails into what it is now known as Hudson Bay, thinking he had made it through the Northwest Passage and reached the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1776 – Delegates to the Continental Congress begin signing the United States Declaration of Independence.
  • 1790 – The first US Census is conducted.
  • 1798 – French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of the Nile (Battle of Aboukir Bay) concludes in a British victory
  • 1869 – Japan’s samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant class system (Shinokosho) is abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese date: June 25, 1869).
  • 1870 – Tower Subway, the world’s first underground tube railway, opens in London.
  • 1903 – Fall of the Ottoman Empire: Unsuccessful uprising of slav Bulgarian-Macedonians led by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization against Ottoman Turkey, also known as the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising.
  • 1916 – World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • 1918 – Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
  • 1931 – Einstein urges all scientists to refuse military work.
  • 1932 – The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
  • 1934 – Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany.
  • 1937 – The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
  • 1939 – Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd write a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt urging him to begin the Manhattan project to develop a nuclear weapon.
  • 1943 – Rebellion in the Nazi death camp of Treblinka.
  • 1945 – World War II: Potsdam Conference, in which the Allied Powers discuss the future of defeated Germany, concludes.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: Gulf of Tonkin Incident – North Vietnamese gunboats allegedly fires on U.S. destroyers, USS Maddox and the USS Turner Joy.
  • 1967 – The second Blackwall Tunnel opens in Greenwich, London.
  • 1968 – The 1968 Casiguran Earthquake hits Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines killing more than 270 people and wounding 261.
  • 1973 – A flash fire kills 51 at the Summerland amusement centre at Douglas, Isle of Man.
  • 1980 – A bomb explodes at the railway station in Bologna, Italy, killing 85 people and wounding more than 200.
  • 1985 – Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar crashes at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport killing 137.
  • 1990 – Iraq invades Kuwait, eventually leading to conflict with coalition forces in the Gulf War.

August 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1533 – Theodor Zwinger, Swiss scholar (d. 1588)
  • 1672 – Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar (d. 1733)
  • 1674 – Philip II, Duke of Orléans, Regent of France (d. 1723)
  • 1696 – Mahmud I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1754)
  • 1703 – Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (d. 1775)
  • 1788 – Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (d. 1853)
  • 1815 – Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German writer (d. 1894)
  • 1828 – Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general (d. 1895)
  • 1834 – Frédéric Bartholdi, French sculptor (d. 1904)
  • 1835 – Elisha Gray, American inventor and entrepreneur (d. 1901)
  • 1858 – Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, queen of the Netherlands (d. 1934)
  • 1865 – Irving Babbitt, American literary critic (d. 1933)
  • 1865 – John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (d. 1955)
  • 1868 – King Constantine I of Greece (d. 1923)
  • 1871 – John French Sloan, American artist (d. 1951)
  • 1875 – Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • 1878 – Georg Hackenschmidt, Estonian wrestler (d. 1968)
  • 1878 – Aino Kallas, Finnish – Estonian author (d. 1956)
  • 1882 – Red Ames, baseball player (d. 1936)
  • 1884 – Rómulo Gallegos, President of Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • 1886 – John Alexander Douglas McCurdy Canadian Aviator ( d. 1961)
  • 1890 – Marin Sais, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 1891 – Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian, linguist (d. 1971)
  • 1892 – Jack Warner, Canadian film producer (d. 1978)
  • 1896 – Lorenzo Herrera, Venezuelan singer and composer (d. 1960)
  • 1897 – Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer (d. 1945)
  • 1897 – Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Charles Bennett, British screenwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1902 – Helen Morgan, American actress (d. 1941)
  • 1905 – Karl Amadeus Hartmann, German composer (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – Myrna Loy, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1907 – Mary Hamman, American writer (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Roger MacDougall, writer (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Ann Dvorak, American actress (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – Vladimir Zerjavic, Croatian statistician (d. 2001)
  • 1914 – Félix Leclerc, Quebec singer, songwriter and writer (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – Beatrice Straight, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Gary Merrill, American actor (d. 1990)
  • 1920 – Louis Pauwels, French journalist and writer (d. 1997)
  • 1923 – Shimon Peres, Israeli politician.
  • 1924 – James Baldwin, American author (d. 1987)
  • 1924 – Carroll O’Connor, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 1925 – John Dexter, English stage and film director
  • 1925 – Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentinian dictator
  • 1925 – Alan Whicker, British journalist and broadcaster
  • 1926 – Betsy Bloomingdale, American socialite and namesake of the Bloomingdale department store chain
  • 1930 – Vali Myers (artist), Australian painter (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Pierre DuMaine, Catholic bishop
  • 1931 – Viliam Schrojf, Slovakian football goalkeeper (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Lamar Hunt, American sports executive (d. 2006)
  • 1932 – Peter O’Toole, Irish-born actor
  • 1934 – Valery Bykovsky, cosmonaut
  • 1935 – Hank Cochran, American country music singer and songwriter
  • 1937 – Garth Hudson, Canadian musician (The Band)
  • 1938 – Pierre de Bané, French Canadian politician
  • 1938 – Terry Peck, Falkland Islander (d. 2006) who acted as a scout for 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment in the Falklands War
  • 1939 – Wes Craven, American film director
  • 1939 – John W. Snow, American 73rd United States Secretary of the Treasury
  • 1941 – Doris Coley, American singer (Shirelles) (d. 2000)
  • 1942 – Isabel Allende, Chilean author
  • 1943 – Tom Burgmeier, American baseball player
  • 1943 – Max Wright, American actor
  • 1944 – Jim Capaldi, British musician and songwriter (Traffic) (d. 2005)
  • 1944 – Naná Vasconcelos, Brazilian jazz musician
  • 1945 – Joanna Cassidy, American actress
  • 1945 – Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer
  • 1947 – Massiel, Spanish singer
  • 1948 – Andy Fairweather Low, British guitarist
  • 1948 – Dennis Prager, American radio talk show host and author
  • 1949 – James Fallows, American journalist
  • 1950 – Lance Ito, American judge
  • 1950 – Sue Rodriguez, Canadian assisted suicide advocate (d. 1994)
  • 1951 – Andrew Gold, American musician and songwriter
  • 1951 – Joe Lynn Turner, American singer (Deep Purple and Rainbow
  • 1951 – Freddie Wadling, Swedish actor and musician (The Leather Nun, Fleshquartet)
  • 1951 – Per Westerberg, Swedish politician
  • 1953 – Marjo, Quebec singer
  • 1953 – Butch Patrick, American actor
  • 1954 – James Charles Kopp, American citizen who murdered Barnett Slepian
  • 1954 – Sammy McIlroy, Northern Irish footballer and manager
  • 1955 – Caleb Carr, American novelist and military historian
  • 1956 – Fulvio Melia, Italian-American physicist/astrophysicist and author
  • 1956 – Jim Neidhart, American professional wrestler
  • 1956 – Isabel Pantoja, Spanish singer
  • 1957 – Mojo Nixon, American musician and actor
  • 1959 – Victoria Jackson, American comedian
  • 1959 – Apollonia Kotero, American singer and actress
  • 1960 – Neal Morse, American musician (Spock’s Beard and Transatlantic)
  • 1960 – David Yow, American musician (Scratch Acid, The Jesus Lizard)
  • 1961 – Linda Fratianne, American figure skater
  • 1961 – Cold 187um, American rapper (Above the Law)
  • 1964 – Frank Biela, German race car driver
  • 1964 – Mary-Louise Parker, American actress
  • 1966 – Tim Wakefield, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Aaron Krickstein, American tennis player
  • 1967 – Aline Brosh McKenna, American screenwriter
  • 1968 – Stefan Effenberg, German footballer
  • 1969 – Fernando Couto, Portuguese footballer
  • 1969 – Richard Hallebeek, Dutch guitarist
  • 1970 – Tony Amonte, American ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Kevin Smith, American director and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Michael Hughes, Irish footballer
  • 1972 – Mohamed Al-Deayea, Saudi Arabian footballer
  • 1972 – Jacinda Barrett, Australian model and actress
  • 1972 – Daniele Nardello, Italian professional road racing cyclist
  • 1972 – Jimmy Pop, American musician (The Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1972 – Justyna Steczkowska, Polish singer
  • 1973 – Hiroyuki Goto, Japanese game designer
  • 1974 – Jeremy Castle, American singer and songwriter
  • 1974 – Angie Cepeda, Colombian actress
  • 1975 – Mineiro, Brazilian footballer
  • 1975 – Xu Huaiwen, Chinese-born badminton player
  • 1975 – Ingrid Rubio, Spanish actress
  • 1976 – Reyes Estévez, Spanish athlete
  • 1976 – Sam Worthington, Australian actor
  • 1977 – Edward Furlong, American actor
  • 1978 – Goran Gavrancic, Serbian footballer
  • 1978 – Matt Guerrier, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Reuben Kosgei, Kenyan athlete
  • 1980 – Ivica Banovic, Croatian footballer
  • 1982 – Hélder Postiga, Portuguese footballer
  • 1982 – Grady Sizemore, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Nick Diaz, American MMA fighter
  • 1984 – Chiara Mastalli, Italian actress
  • 1984 – Giampaolo Pazzini, Italian footballer
  • 1985 – Harry Smith, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1986 – Mathieu Razanakolona, Malagasy skier
  • 1988 – Brittany Hargest, American singer (Jump5)
  • 1992 – Hallie Kate Eisenberg, American actress

August 2 – Deaths:

  • 686 – Pope John V
  • 1100 – King William II of England
  • 1222 – Count Raymond VI of Toulouse (b. 1156)
  • 1511 – Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader
  • 1589 – King Henry III of France (b. 1551)
  • 1611 – Kato Kiyomasa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1562)
  • 1696 – Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, Scottish military commander (b. 1630)
  • 1769 – Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician (b. 1689)
  • 1776 – Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French military leader (b. 1717)
  • 1788 – Thomas Gainsborough, English artist (b. 1727)
  • 1815 – Guillaume Marie Anne Brune, French marshal (b. 1763)
  • 1823 – Lazare Carnot, French general, politician, and mathematician (b. 1753)
  • 1849 – Governor Muhammad Ali of Egypt (b. 1769)
  • 1859 – Horace Mann, American educator and abolitionist (b. 1796)
  • 1876 – James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok, American gunfighter (b. 1837)
  • 1889 – Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (b. 1851)
  • 1890 – Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (b. 1813)
  • 1903 – Edmond Nocard, French veterinarian (b. 1850)
  • 1920 – Ormer Locklear, American stunt pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1921 – Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor (b. 1873)
  • 1922 – Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born inventor, invented the telephone (b. 1847)
  • 1923 – Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)
  • 1929 – Mae Costello, American actress (b. 1882)
  • 1934 – Paul von Hindenburg, German field marshal and President of Germany (b. 1847)
  • 1936 – Louis Blériot, French aviation pioneer (b. 1872)
  • 1939 – Harvey Spencer Lewis, American Rosicrucian mystic (b. 1883)
  • 1945 – Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (b. 1863)
  • 1955 – Alfred Lépine, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1901)
  • 1972 – Helen Hoyt, American poet (b. 1887)
  • 1972 – Brian Cole, American bass player (The Association) (b. 1942)
  • 1973 – Jean-Pierre Melville, French film director (b. 1917)
  • 1974 – W. Douglas Hawkes, British racing driver (b. 1893)
  • 1976 – Fritz Lang, Austrian film director (b. 1890)
  • 1978 – Carlos Chávez, Mexican composer (b. 1899)
  • 1979 – Thurman Munson, American baseball player (b. 1947)
  • 1986 – Roy Cohn, American politician (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – Raymond Carver, American writer (b. 1938)
  • 1988 – Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (b. 1914)
  • 1990 – Norman Mclean, American writer (b. 1902)
  • 1990 – Edwin Richfield, British actor (b. 1921)
  • 1992 – Michel Berger, French singer and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 1996 – Michel Debré, French politician (b. 1912)
  • 1996 – Mohamed Farrah Aidid, Somalian Warlord (b. 1934)
  • 1997 – William S. Burroughs, American writer (b. 1914)
  • 1998 – Shari Lewis, American puppeteer (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Ron Townson, American singer (The Fifth Dimension) (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Don Estelle, British actor (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Mike Levey, American television personality (b. 1948)
  • 2003 – Peter Safar, Austrian physician (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Don Tosti, American musician (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – François Craenhals, Belgian comics artist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Chauncey Bailey, American journalist and editor (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Holden Roberto, Angolan founder and leader of the FNLA (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Kay Dotrice, English repertory actress (b. 1929)

August 2 – Holidays:

  • Costa Rica – Our Lady of the Angels.
  • Bulgaria/Republic of Macedonia – Ilinden (St. Ilya Day), a day of remembrance of the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising.
  • Day of Airborne Forces in Russia.
  • Day of Azerbaijani cinema
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