On This Day in History September 1

September 1 – Events:

  • 5509 BC – Epoch of the late Byzantine calendar.
  • 462 – Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle.
  • 1355 – Tvrtko I writes in castro nostro Vizoka vocatum from old town Visoki.
  • 1532 – Lady Anne Boleyn is created Marchioness of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of
  • 1644 – Battle of Tippermuir, Montrose defeats Elcho’s Covenanters, reviving Royalist cause.
  • 1715 – King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
  • 1752 – The Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia.
  • 1763 – Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy’s plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow.
  • 1772 – Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
  • 1804 – Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
  • 1807 – Former US Vice President Aaron Burr is acquitted of treason.
  • 1836 – Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
  • 1859 – A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Chantilly – Confederate forces attack retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates Atlanta, Georgia after a four month siege by General Sherman.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1873 – Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
  • 1875 – A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the “Molly Maguires,” to disband.
  • 1894 – Great Hinckley Fire: A forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota, kills more than 400 people.
  • 1897 – The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground metro in North America.
  • 1902 – A Trip to the Moon, considered one of the first science fiction films, is released in France.
  • 1905 – Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.
  • 1906 – the International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
  • 1914 – St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd.
  • 1914 – The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • 1923 – The Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama, killing about 100,000 people.
  • 1928 – Ahmet Zogu declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.
  • 1934 – SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
  • 1939 – World War II: Nazi Germany attacks Poland, beginning the war.
  • 1939 – George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
  • 1939 – Switzerland mobilizes its forces and parliament elects Henri Guisan as head of army.
  • 1951 – The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.
  • 1961 – The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
  • 1962 – Channel Television launches to 54,000 households in the Channel Islands.
  • 1964 – Indian Oil Corporation formed after merging Indian Oil Refineries and Indian Oil Company.
  • 1969 – A revolution in Libya brings Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi to power.
  • 1970 – Attempted assassination of King Hussein of Jordan by Palestinian guerillas, who attacked his motorcade.
  • 1972 – In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky and becomes the world chess champion.
  • 1974 – The SR-71 Blackbird sets the record for flying from New York to London: 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds.
  • 1979 – The American space probe Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 km.
  • 1980 – Terry Fox’s Marathon of Hope ends in Thunder Bay, Ontario.
  • 1980 – Chun Doo-hwan becomes president of South Korea after the resignation of Choi Kyu-ha.
  • 1981 – A coup d’état in the Central African Republic overthrows President David Dacko.
  • 1982 – Canada adopts a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as part of its Constitution.
  • 1982 – The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
  • 1983 – Cold War: Korean Air Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace. All 269 on board are killed, including US Congressmen Lawrence McDonald.
  • 1985 – A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic.
  • 1990 – The Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist is founded, following a split from the Communist Labour Party of Turkey.
  • 1991 – Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union
  • 1996 – Daniel Komen breaks the 3000 metres world record in Rieti, Italy
  • 2001 – Almost every single commercial television station in Vancouver, British Columbia switches network affiliations after a round of ownership changes in 2000 – the largest change in North America.
  • 2001 – The first orca calf (later named Nakai) is born through artificial insemination, to parents Kasatka and Tillikum.
  • 2004 – The Beslan school hostage crisis begins when armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia.
  • 2005 – Seven members and former members of the AFL-CIO form a new trade union organization, the Change to Win Federation.
  • 2006 – Luxembourg became the first country to complete the move to all digital Television broadcasting.

September 1 – Birthdays:

  • 1286 – Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1335)
  • 1453 – Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)
  • 1566 – Edward Alleyn, English actor (d. 1626)
  • 1588 – Henry II, Prince of Condé, French nobleman (d. 1646)
  • 1651 – Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (d. 1694)
  • 1653 – Johann Pachelbel, German composer (d. 1706)
  • 1711 – William IV, Prince of Orange (d. 1759)
  • 1795 – James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (d. 1872)
  • 1848 – Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (d. 1931)
  • 1854 – Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (d. 1921)
  • 1855 – Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (d. 1909)
  • 1856 – Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
  • 1866 – James J. Corbett, American heavyweight boxer (d. 1933)
  • 1868 – Henri Bourassa, French Canadian politician and publisher (d. 1952)
  • 1871 – J. Reuben Clark, Jr., American Undersecretary of State (d. 1961)
  • 1875 – Edgar Rice Burroughs, American writer (d. 1950)
  • 1876 – Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
  • 1877 – Francis William Aston, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)
  • 1878 – Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1942)
  • 1883 – Didier Pitre, French Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1934)
  • 1884 – Sigurd Wallén, Swedish actor and filmdirector (d. 1947)
  • 1887 – Blaise Cendrars, Swiss writer (d. 1961)
  • 1888 – Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician (d. 1958)
  • 1889 – Richard Arlen, American actor (d. 1976)
  • 1892 – Leverett Saltonstall, 55 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • 1895 – Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar, Indian musician (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian theologian (d. 1977)
  • 1897 – Andy Kennedy, Irish footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1899 – Andrei Platonov, Russian writer (d. 1951)
  • 1904 – Johnny Mack Brown, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Elvera Sanchez, Puerto Rican dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1906 – Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (d. 2002)
  • 1906 – Franz Biebl, German composer (d. 2001)
  • 1907 – Walter Reuther, American labor union leader (d. 1970)
  • 1909 – E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (d. 1957)
  • 1913 – Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and graphic artist (1979)
  • 1913 – Christian Nyby, American director and film editor (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Richard Farnsworth, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-born actress (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
  • 1923 – Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Art Pepper, American musician (d. 1982)
  • 1926 – Abdur Rahman Biswas, President of Bangladesh
  • 1926 – Gene Colan, American comic book artist
  • 1928 – Clifford Lincoln, Canadian politician
  • 1928 – George Maharis, American actor
  • 1929 – Anne Ramsey, American actress (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Boxcar Willie, American country musician (d. 1999)
  • 1933 – Ann W. Richards, American politician (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Conway Twitty, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1935 – Seiji Ozawa, Japanese conductor
  • 1937 – Ron O’Neal, American actor, director and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1937 – Al Geiberger, American golfer
  • 1939 – Lily Tomlin, American actress and comedian
  • 1942 – C. J. Cherryh, American writer
  • 1943 – Don Stroud, American actor
  • 1944 – Leonard Slatkin, American conductor
  • 1945 – Mustafa Balel, Turkish writer
  • 1946 – Barry Gibb, English singer (Bee Gees)
  • 1946 – Roh Moo-Hyun, President of South Korea
  • 1946 – Greg Errico, American drummer (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • 1947 – Al Green, American politician
  • 1948 – Józef Zycinski, Polish archbishop and philosopher
  • 1949 – P.A. Sangma, Indian politician
  • 1950 – Phillip Fulmer, American football coach
  • 1950 – Dr. Phil McGraw, American talk show host
  • 1951 – Nicu Ceausescu, Romanian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1952 – Phil Hendrie, American radio personality
  • 1954 – Dave Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Billy Blanks, American martial artist
  • 1955 – Bruce Foxton, English bassist (The Jam)
  • 1957 – Gloria Estefan, Cuban/American singer
  • 1957 – Duško Ivanovic, Montenegrin basketball coach
  • 1958 – Armi Aavikko, Finnish singer (d. 2002)
  • 1959 – Kenny Mayne, American sports journalist
  • 1961 – Bam Bam Bigelow, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1962 – Ruud Gullit, Dutch footballer
  • 1962 – Tony Cascarino, Irish footballer
  • 1963 – Stephen Kernahan, Australian rules footballer
  • 1963 – Carola Smit, Dutch singer
  • 1964 – Brian Bellows, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1964 – Cécilia Rhode, Swedish model
  • 1964 – Ray D’Arcy, Irish DJ and TV presenter
  • 1966 – Tim Hardaway, American basketball player
  • 1967 – David Whissell, Quebec politician
  • 1968 – Mohammed Atta, Egyptian terrorist (d. 2001)
  • 1969 – Henning Berg, Norwegian footballer
  • 1970 – Hwang Jung-min, South Korean actor
  • 1970 – Vanna, Croatian singer
  • 1970 – Mitsou, Quebec singer, television and radio host, actress
  • 1971 – Ricardo Antonio Chavira, American actor
  • 1971 – Joe Enochs, American soccer player
  • 1971 – Yoshitaka Hirota, Japanese composer
  • 1971 – Lââm, French singer
  • 1971 – Jimmy Snuka, Jr., American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Hakan Sükür, Turkish footballer
  • 1973 – Ram Kapoor, Indian Actor.
  • 1973 – J. D. Fortune, Canadian singer (INXS)
  • 1973 – Zach Thomas, American football player
  • 1974 – Jason Taylor, American football player
  • 1974 – Jhonen Vasquez, American comic book artist
  • 1975 – Scott Speedman, English-born actor
  • 1975 – Natalie Bassingthwaighte, Australian singer (Rogue Traders)
  • 1975 – Omar Rodriguez-Lopez, Puerto Rican guitarist
  • 1975 – Cuttino Mobley, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Marcos Ambrose, Australian racing driver
  • 1976 – Erik Morales, Mexican boxer
  • 1976 – Polly Shannon, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Sebastián Rozental, Chilean footballer
  • 1977 – Aaron Schobel, American football player
  • 1977 – Raffaele Giammaria, Italian racing driver
  • 1977 – Shoshana Bean, American stage actress
  • 1977 – David Albelda, Spanish footballer
  • 1978 – Max Vieri, Australian soccer player
  • 1978 – Lucie Blackman, English murder victim (d. 2000)
  • 1979 – James O’Connor, Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Chris Riggott, English footballer
  • 1980 – Sammy Adjei, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1981 – Clinton Portis, American football player
  • 1981 – Adam Quick, Australian basketball player
  • 1982 – Ryan Gomes, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Paul Dumbrell, Australian racing driver
  • 1982 – Jeffrey Buttle, Canadian figure skater
  • 1983 – José Antonio Reyes, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Joseph Trohman, American musician (Fall Out Boy)
  • 1984 – Nick Noble, American soccer player
  • 1986 – Gaël Monfils, French tennis player
  • 1986 – Anthony Allen, English rugby union player
  • 1987 – Dann Hume, New Zealand musician (Evermore)
  • 1988 – Gabriel Ferrari, American soccer player
  • 1988 – Mushfiqur Rahim, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1989 – Juliana Lohmann, Brazilian actress
  • 1989 – Bill and Tom Kaulitz, Singer and guitarist from Tokio Hotel
  • 1993 – Ilona Mitrecey, French singer
  • 1994 – Bianca Ryan, American singer

September 1 – Deaths:

  • 1067 – Baldwin V of Flanders
  • 1159 – Pope Adrian IV (b. 1100)
  • 1256 – Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (b. 1218)
  • 1414 – William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros, Lord Treasurer of England (b. 1369)
  • 1557 – Jacques Cartier, French explorer (b. 1491)
  • 1581 – Guru Ram Das, fourth Sikh Guru (b. 1534)
  • 1600 – Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician (b. 1525)
  • 1615 – Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer (b. 1529)
  • 1648 – Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (b. 1588)
  • 1685 – Leoline Jenkins, Welsh lawyer (b. 1625)
  • 1687 – Henry More, English philosopher (b. 1614)
  • 1715 – François Girardon, French sculptor (b. 1628)
  • 1715 – King Louis XIV of France (b. 1638)
  • 1818 – Robert Calder, British naval officer (b. 1745)
  • 1943 – Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief (b. 1880)
  • 1947 – Frederick Russell Burnham, father of the international Scouting movement (b. 1861)
  • 1957 – Dennis Brain, English musician (b. 1921)
  • 1967 – Siegfried Sassoon, English poet (b. 1886)
  • 1967 – Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (b. 1906)
  • 1969 – Drew Pearson, American newspaper columnist (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – François Mauriac, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1977 – Ethel Waters, American singer (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Albert Speer, Nazi official (b. 1905)
  • 1981 – Ann Harding, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1982 – Haskell Curry, American mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1982 – Wladyslaw Gomulka, Polish communist leader (b. 1905)
  • 1983 – Henry M. Jackson, American politician (b. 1912)
  • 1983 – Larry McDonald, American congressman (b. 1935)
  • 1985 – Stefan Bellof, German race car driver (b. 1957)
  • 1985 – Jay Youngblood, American wrestler (b. 1955)
  • 1986 – Murray Hamilton, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1988 – Luis Alvarez, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1989 – A. Bartlett Giamatti, American baseball commissioner (b. 1938)
  • 1989 – Tadeusz Sendzimir, American inventor (b. 1894)
  • 1994 – Boris Malenko, American professional wrestler (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Józef Krupinski, Polish poet (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – W. Richard Stevens, Zambian computer scientist (b. 1951)
  • 2001 – Brian Moore British sports commentator (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Sir Terry Frost, British artist (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Ahmed Kuftaro, Grand Mufti of Syria (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – R. L. Burnside, American musician (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Thanos Leivaditis, Greek actor (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Sir Kyffin Williams, Welsh landscape painter (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Bob O’Connor, mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Nellie Connally, wife of Texas governor John Connally (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Warren Mitofsky, American pollster (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Roy McKenzie, New Zealand philanthropist (b. 1922)

September 1 – Holidays:

  • Church of England – Saint Giles.
  • Cameroon – Jour d’Union Nationale Camerounaise.
  • Libya – Revolution Day (1969).
  • New Zealand – National R.A.K. (Random Act of Kindness) Day
  • Russia – Knowledge Day.
  • Singapore – Teachers’ Day.
  • Slovakia – Constitution Day.
  • Uzbekistan – Independence Day (from USSR, 1991).
  • First day of Spring in Australia and New Zealand.
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