On This Day in History September 5

September 5 – Events:

  • 1590 – Alexander Farnese’s army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris.
  • 1661 – Fall of Nicolas Fouquet: Louis XIV Superintendent of Finances is arrested in Nantes by D’Artagnan, captain of the king’s musketeers.
  • 1666 – Great Fire of London ends: 10,000 buildings including St. Paul’s Cathedral are destroyed, but only 16 people are known to have died.
  • 1698 – In an effort to move his people away from archaic customs, Tsar Peter I of Russia imposes a tax on beards.
  • 1725 – Wedding of Louis XV and Maria Leszczynska.
  • 1774 – First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1781 – Battle of the Chesapeake in the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1793 – French Revolution the French National Convention initiates the Reign of Terror.
  • 1798 – Conscription is made mandatory in France by the Jourdan law.
  • 1800 – Malta is conquered by Great Britain.
  • 1816 – Louis XVIII has to dissolve the Chambre introuvable (“Unobtainable Chamber”).
  • 1836 – Sam Houston is elected as the second president of the Republic of Texas.
  • 1839 – The First Opium War begins in China.
  • 1840 – Premiere of Giuseppe Verdi’s Un giorno di regno at La Scala of Milan.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: the Potomac River is crossed at White’s Ford in the Maryland Campaign.
  • 1864 – Achille François Bazaine becomes Marshall of France.
  • 1877 – Indian Wars: Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse is bayoneted by a United States soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson in Nebraska.
  • 1882 – The first United States Labor Day parade is held in New York City.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: In New Hampshire, USA, the Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by US President Theodore Roosevelt, ends the war.
  • 1914 – World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins. Northeast of Paris, the French attack and defeat German forces who are advancing on the capital.
  • 1915 – The pacifist Zimmerwald Conference begins.
  • 1918 – Decree “On Red Terror” is published in Russia
  • 1932 – The French Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.
  • 1938 – Chile: A group of youths affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile are assassinated in the Seguro Obrero massacre.
  • 1939 – World War II: The United States declares its neutrality in the war.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese high command orders withdrawal at Milne Bay, first Japanese defeat in the Pacific War.
  • 1943 – World War II: The 503d Parachute Infantry Regiment lands and occupies Nazdab, near Lae in the Salamaua-Lae campaign.
  • 1944 – Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg constitute Benelux.
  • 1945 – Iva Toguri D’Aquino, a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist Tokyo Rose, is arrested in Yokohama.
  • 1948 – Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1957 – Cuba: Fulgencio Batista bombs the revolt in Cienfuegos.
  • 1960 – The poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is elected as the first President of Senegal.
  • 1961 – The first conference of the Non Aligned Countries is held in Belgrade.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: Operation Jefferson Glenn begins: the United States 101st Airborne Division and the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division initiate a new operation in Thua Thien province.
  • 1972 – Munich Massacre: A Palestinian terrorist group called “Black September” attack Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games.
  • 1975 – Sacramento, California: a follower of incarcerated cult leader Charles Manson, Lynette Fromme, attempts to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford.
  • 1977 – Hanns Martin Schleyer, is kidnapped in Cologne, West Germany by the Red Army Faction and is later murdered.
  • 1977 – Voyager program: Voyager 1 is launched after a brief delay.
  • 1978 – Camp David Accords: Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat begin peace process at Camp David, Maryland.
  • 1980 – The St. Gotthard Tunnel opens in Switzerland as the world’s longest highway tunnel at 10.14 miles (16.224 km) stretching from Goschenen to Airolo.
  • 1984 – STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle Discovery lands after its maiden voyage.
  • 1984 – Western Australia becomes the last Australian state to abolish capital punishment.
  • 1986 – Pan Am Flight 73 with 358 people on board is hijacked at Karachi International Airport.
  • 1991 – The Mall Southampton, Southampton, UK opened its doors for the first time
  • 2000 – The hottest day ever in Texas as most weather stations in the state topped 100 degrees and many topped 110.
  • 2005 – Mandala Airlines Flight 091 crashes into a heavily-populated residential of Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 104 people on board and at least 39 persons on ground.
  • 2007 – 3 terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Quaeda are arrested in Germany after planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US-Military installations. See German Terror Plot 9/07

September 5 – Birthdays:

  • 1187 – Louis VIII of France (d. 1226)
  • 1568 – Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian, philosopher, and poet (d. 1639)
  • 1621 – Juan Andrés Coloma, Spanish noble (d. 1694)
  • 1638 – Louis XIV of France (d. 1715)
  • 1667 – Giovanni Gerolamo Saccheri, Italian mathematician (d. 1733)
  • 1695 – Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician (d. 1770)
  • 1722 – Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony (d. 1763)
  • 1725 – Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (d. 1799)
  • 1735 – Johann Christian Bach, German composer (d. 1782)
  • 1750 – Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (d. 1774)
  • 1771 – Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general (d. 1847)
  • 1774 – Caspar David Friedrich, German artist (d. 1840)
  • 1775 – Juan Martín Díez, el Empecinado (the undaunted), Spanish guerrillero (d. 1825)
  • 1787 – François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (d. 1850)
  • 1791 – Giacomo Meyerbeer, German composer (d. 1864)
  • 1792 – Pierre-Armand Dufrénoy, French geologist and mineralogist (d. 1857).
  • 1806 – Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (d. 1865)
  • 1807 – Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish Anglican clergyman and philologist (d. 1886)
  • 1809 – Manuel Montt Torres, President of Chile (d. 1880)
  • 1827 – Goffredo Mameli, Italian poet and writer (d. 1849)
  • 1836 – Justiniano Borgoño, President of Peru (d. 1921)
  • 1847 – Jesse James, American outlaw (d. 1882)
  • 1857 – Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist and inventor (d. 1935)
  • 1867 – Amy Beach, American composer and pianist (d. 1944)
  • 1874 – Nap Lajoie, American baseball player (d. 1959)
  • 1876 – Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (d. 1956)
  • 1876 – Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician. (d. 1944)
  • 1881 – Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democratic politician (d. 1938)
  • 1888 – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, second President of India (d. 1975)
  • 1892 – Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist (d. 1973)
  • 1901 – Mario Scelba, Italian politician and former Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1902 – Darryl F. Zanuck, American film producer and executive (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Arthur Koestler, Hungarian writer (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Maurice Challe French general (d. 1979), one of the leaders of the Algiers putsch in 1961.
  • 1908 – Gloria Holden, British actress (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – John Cage, American composer (d. 1992)
  • 1912 – Kristina Söderbaum, German actress and photographer (d. 2001)
  • 1912 – Frank Thomas, American animator (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Nicanor Parra, Chilian poet and mathematician
  • 1916 – Frank Yerby Jewish novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1916 – Frank Shuster, Canadian comedian (Wayne and Shuster) (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Luis Alcoriza, Mexican screenwriter, film director, and actor (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Jack Valenti, American political advisor and film executive (d. 2007)
  • 1924 – Paul Dietzel, American college football coach
  • 1927 – Paul Volcker, former chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank
  • 1929 – Bob Newhart, American actor and comedian
  • 1929 – Andrian Nikolayev, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2004)
  • 1933 – Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, Chilian catholic archbishop
  • 1934 – Carol Lawrence, American actress and singer
  • 1935 – Johnny Briggs MBE, English actor
  • 1936 – Bill Mazeroski, American baseball player
  • 1937 – Antonio Valentin Angelillo, Argentinian footballer
  • 1939 – William Devane, American actor
  • 1939 – John Stewart, American musician (The Kingston Trio) (d. 2008)
  • 1939 – George Lazenby, Australian actor
  • 1939 – Clay Regazzoni, Swiss racing driver (d. 2006)
  • 1940 – Raquel Welch, American actress
  • 1942 – Werner Herzog, German film director
  • 1942 – Eduardo Mata, Mexican conductor and composer (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Denise Fabre French television presenter.
  • 1943 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (d. 2007)
  • 1944 – Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, author and playwright (d. 1996)
  • 1945 – Al Stewart, Scottish singer and songwriter
  • 1946 – Freddie Mercury, Zanzibar-born singer and songwriter (Queen) (d. 1991)
  • 1946 – Loudon Wainwright III, American singer and composer
  • 1947 – Buddy Miles, American musician
  • 1948 – Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat and politician
  • 1950 – Cathy Guisewite, American cartoonist
  • 1950 – Paul William Roberts, Canadian writer
  • 1951 – Paul Breitner, German footballer
  • 1951 – Patti McGuire, American model and television producer
  • 1951 – Michael Keaton, American actor
  • 1956 – Roine Stolt, Swedish guitarist (The Flower Kings)
  • 1957 – Peter Winnen, Dutch bicycle road athlete
  • 1961 – Marc-André Hamelin, Canadian pianist
  • 1962 – Peter Wingfield, Welsh actor
  • 1963 – Juan Alderete, American bassist (Racer X)
  • 1963 – Jeff Brantley, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Jonathan Phillips, English actor
  • 1963 – Taki Inoue, Japanese racing driver
  • 1963 – Kristian Alfonso, American actress
  • 1964 – Frank Farina, Australian footballer
  • 1965 – Chris Morris, English satirist
  • 1965 – David Brabham, Australian racing driver
  • 1965 – César Rincón, colombian matador
  • 1966 – Achero Mañas, Spanish actor and film director
  • 1966 – Milinko Pantic, retired Serbian footballer
  • 1967 – India Hicks, English model
  • 1967 – Jane Sixsmith, English field hockey player
  • 1968 – Brad Wilk, American musician (Audioslave, Rage Against the Machine)
  • 1969 – Dweezil Zappa, American musician
  • 1969 – Leonardo Nascimento de Araujo, Brazilian footballer
  • 1969 – Mark Ramprakash, English cricketer
  • 1970 – Steve Burton, American actor
  • 1970 – Mohammad Rafique, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1970 – Liam Lynch, American musician (Sifl and Olly)
  • 1970 – Kim Hye-su, South Korean actress and model
  • 1973 – Rose McGowan, Italian-born actress
  • 1973 – Alexandra Kerry, daughter of American Senator John Kerry
  • 1973 – Paddy Considine, English actor
  • 1975 – Rod Barajas, American baseball player
  • 1975 – George Boateng, Dutch footballer
  • 1975 – Matt Geyer, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1975 – Jamie Spaniolo, American horrorcore rapper
  • 1976 – Tatyana Gutsu, Ukrainian gymnast
  • 1976 – Carice van Houten, Dutch actress
  • 1977 – Minoru Fujita, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Rosevelt Colvin, American football player
  • 1977 – Nazr Mohammed, American Basketball player
  • 1977 – Joseba Etxeberria, Spanish football winger
  • 1977 – Alexey Harkov, Russian bassist (Kipelov, Sergey Mavrin)
  • 1978 – Chris Jack, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1978 – Laura Bertram, Canadian actress
  • 1978 – Zhang Zhong, Chinese chess player
  • 1979 – John Carew, Norwegian footballer
  • 1979 – Stacey Dales, Canadian basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1979 – George O’Callaghan, Irish footballer
  • 1980 – Franco Costanzo, Argentinian football goalkeeper
  • 1981 – Filippo Volandri, Italian tennis player
  • 1981 – Drew Carter, American football player
  • 1982 – Alexandre Geijo, Spanish/Swiss footballer
  • 1982 – Sondre Lerche, Norwegian musician
  • 1983 – Eugen Bopp, Ukrainian-German footballer
  • 1983 – Pablo Granoche, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1984 – Trey Hill, Grammy-nominated musician
  • 1985 – Ryan Guy, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Pierre Casiraghi, son of princess Caroline of Monaco
  • 1991 – Skandar Keynes, English actor

September 5 – Deaths:

  • 1165 – Emperor Nijo of Japan (b. 1143)
  • 1201 – Constance, Duchess of Brittany (b. 1161)
  • 1235 – Henry I, Duke of Brabant (b. 1165)
  • 1548 – Catherine Parr, Sixth wife of Henry VIII of England (b. c. 1512)
  • 1607 – Pomponne de Bellièvre, chancellor of France (b. 1529)
  • 1629 – Domenico Allegri, Italian composer (b. c. 1585)
  • 1734 – Nicolas Bernier, French musician and composer (b. 1664)
  • 1786 – Jonas Hanway, English merchant, traveler, and philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • 1803 – Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (b. 1741)
  • 1803 – François Devienne, French composer (b. 1759)
  • 1808 – John Home, Scottish writer (b. 1722)
  • 1836 – Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (b. 1790)
  • 1838 – Charles Percier, French architect (b. 1764)
  • 1857 – Auguste Comte, French sociologist (b. 1798)
  • 1867 – Santiago Derqui, Argentinian politician (b. 1809)
  • 1876 – Manuel Blanco Encalada, first president of Chile (b. 1790)
  • 1877 – Crazy Horse, Lakota (Sioux) chief (b. 1849)
  • 1898 – Sarah Edmonds, Canadian nurse, soldier, and spy (b. 1841)
  • 1901 – Ignacij Klemencic, Slovenian physicist (b. 1853)
  • 1902 – Rudolf Virchow, German pathologist and politician (b. 1821)
  • 1906 – Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (b. 1844)
  • 1912 – Arthur MacArthur, Jr., U.S. Army general (b. 1845)
  • 1914 – Charles Péguy, French poet, essayist and editor (b. 1873)
  • 1917 – Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (b. 1872)
  • 1920 – Robert Harron, American actor (b. 1893)
  • 1922 – Georgette Agutte, French painter (b. 1867)
  • 1926 – Karl Harrer, German journalist and politician, founding member of the “DAP”, which would become the Nazi Party (b. 1890)
  • 1930 – Robert Means Thompson, American naval officer (b. 1849)
  • 1931 – John Thomson, football player who died in an accidental collision during a match (b. 1909)
  • 1932 – Francisco Acebal, Spanish novelist, playwright and journalist (b. 1866)
  • 1936 – Federico Borrell García, Spanish anarchist soldier during the Spanish Civil War (b. 1912)
  • 1936 – Gustave Kahn, French Symbolist poet and art critic (b. 1859)
  • 1942 – François de Labouchère, French aviator of World War II, compagnon de la Libération. (b. 1917)
  • 1943 – Aleš Hrdlicka, Czech anthropologist (b. 1869)
  • 1945 – Clem Hill, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1948 – Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. 1881)
  • 1953 – Richard Walther Darré, Nazi politician, one of the leading ‘blood and soil’ ideologists (b. 1895)
  • 1954 – Eugen Schiffer, German politician (b. 1954)
  • 1965 – Thomas Johnston, Scottish-born politician (b. 1882)
  • 1966 – Dezso Lauber, Hungarian athlete (b. 1879)
  • 1970 – Jochen Rindt, German-Austrian race car driver and one-time F1 (posthumous) world champion (b. 1942)
  • 1973 – Jack Fournier, American baseball player (b. 1889)
  • 1975 – Georg Ots, Estonian singer (b. 1920)
  • 1977 – Marcel Thiry, Belgian writer and wallon militant (b. 1897)
  • 1979 – Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (b. 1884)
  • 1982 – Douglas Bader, RAF fighter pilot in World War II (b. 1910)
  • 1983 – Antonio Mairena, flamenco singer (b. 1909)
  • 1988 – Gert Fröbe, German actor (b. 1913)
  • 1990 – Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1896)
  • 1992 – Fritz Leiber, American author (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – William Kunstler, American lawyer and activist (b. 1919)
  • 1997 – Georg Solti, Hungarian conductor (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Mother Teresa, Albanian-born missionary and humanitarian, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Leo Penn, American film director (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Verner Panton, Danish designer (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Allen Funt, American radio and television personality (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Bryce Mackasey, Canadian politician (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Vladimir Žerjavic, Croatian UN statistician (b. 1912)
  • 2002 – David Todd Wilkinson, American astronomer, author of the first study of the Cosmic microwave background radiation (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian-born singer (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Roberto Viaux, Chilean Army General and the primary planner in two failed coup d’état attempts in Chile (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Jennifer Dunn, American politician (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Paul Gillmor, American politician (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – D. James Kennedy, American televangelist (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Thomas Hansen (musician) (b. 1976)

September 5 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Jupiter Stator to commemorate that Jupiter helped Romulus to stop the Sabine invasion under Titus Tatius.
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