On This Day in History September 6

September 6 – Events:

  • 3114 BC – According to the proleptic Julian calendar the current era in the Maya Long Count Calendar started.
  • 394 – Battle of the Frigidus: The Christian Roman Emperor Theodosius I defeats and kills the pagan usurper Eugenius and his Frankish magister militum
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus sails from La Gomera in the Canary Islands, his final port of call before crossing the Atlantic for the first time.
  • 1522 – The Victoria, one of the surviving ships of Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition, returns to Sanlúcar de Barrameda in Spain, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the world.
  • 1620 – The Pilgrims sail from Plymouth, England, on the Mayflower to settle in North America. (Old Style date; September 16 per New Style date.)
  • 1628 – Puritans settle Salem, which will later become part of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1669 – The siege of Candia ends with the Venetian fortress surrendering to the Ottomans
  • 1776 – Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, killing more than 6000.
  • 1781 – The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting a British victory.
  • 1847 – Henry David Thoreau leaves Walden Pond and moves in with Ralph Waldo Emerson and his family in Concord, Massachusetts.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant bloodlessly capture Paducah, Kentucky, which gives the Union control of the mouth of the Tennessee River.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Confederates evacuate Battery Wagner and Morris Island in South Carolina.
  • 1870 – Louisa Ann Swain of Laramie, Wyoming becomes the first woman in the United States to cast a vote legally after 1807.
  • 1885 – Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.
  • 1888 – Charles Turner becomes the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season.
  • 1901 – Anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots and fatally wounds US President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York.
  • 1930 – Democratically elected Argentine president Hipólito Yrigoyen is deposed in a military coup.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1939 – World War II: The Battle of Barking Creek.
  • 1939 – World War II: South Africa declares war on Germany.
  • 1940 – King Carol II of Romania abdicates and is succeeded by his son Michael.
  • 1944 – World War II: The city of Ypres, Belgium is liberated by allied forces.
  • 1948 – Juliana becomes Queen of the Netherlands.
  • 1949 – Allied military authorities relinquish control of former Nazi Germany assets back to German control.
  • 1949 – A former sharpshooter in World War II, Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in Camden, New Jersey, with a souvenir Luger to become the first U.S. single-episode mass murderer.
  • 1952 – Canada’s first television station, CBFT-TV, opens in Montreal.
  • 1955 – Istanbul Pogrom: Istanbul’s Greek and Armenian minority are the target of a government-sponsored pogrom.
  • 1963 – The Centre for International Industrial Property Studies (CEIPI) is founded.
  • 1965 – War of 1965: India attacks Pakistan and announces that its forces will capture Lahore (city of Pakistan) in an hour.
  • 1966 – In Cape Town, South Africa, the architect of Apartheid, Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd, is stabbed to death during a parliamentary meeting.
  • 1968 – Swaziland becomes independent.
  • 1970 – Two passenger jets bound from Europe to New York are simultaneously hijacked by Palestinian terrorist members of PFLP and taken to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
  • 1976 – Cold War: Soviet air force pilot Lt. Viktor Belenko lands a MiG-25 jet fighter at Hakodate on the island of Hokkaido in Japan and requests political asylum in the United States.
  • 1983 – The Soviet Union admits to shooting down Korean Air Flight KAL-007, stating that the pilots did not know it was a civilian aircraft when it violated Soviet airspace.
  • 1985 – Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-9 crashes just after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, killing 31.
  • 1986 – In Istanbul, two terrorists from Abu Nidal’s organization kill 22 and wound six inside the Neve Shalom synagogue during Shabbat services.
  • 1991 – The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
  • 1991 – The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia’s second largest city, which had been renamed Leningrad in 1924.
  • 1992 – Hunters discover the emaciated body of Christopher Johnson McCandless at his camp 20 miles west of the town of Healy, Alaska.
  • 1997 – Diana, Princess of Wales is laid to rest in front of a television audience of more than 2.5 billion.
  • 2000 – The Millennium Summit takes place.
  • 2003 – Tropical Depression 9 formed in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean, later to become Hurricane Isabel, the 9th named storm of the 2003 Atlantic hurricane season

September 6 – Birthdays:

  • 1535 – Emanuel van Meteren, Flemish historian (d. 1612)
  • 1620 – Isabella Leonarda, Italian composer (d. 1704)
  • 1656 – Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal and statesman (d. 1723)
  • 1666 – Tsar Ivan V of Russia (d. 1696)
  • 1711 – Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church (d. 1787)
  • 1732 – Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist (d. 1796)
  • 1729 – Moses Mendelssohn, German philosopher (d. 1786)
  • 1757 – Marquis de Lafayette, French soldier and statesman (d. 1834)
  • 1766 – John Dalton, British chemist and physicist (d. 1844)
  • 1781 – Anton Diabelli, Austrian music publisher and composer (d. 1858)
  • 1795 – Frances Wright, English writer and lecturer (d. 1852)
  • 1800 – Catharine Beecher, American educator (d. 1878)
  • 1802 – Alcide d’Orbigny, French naturalist (d. 1857)
  • 1808 – Abd al-Qadir, Algerian political and military leader (d. 1883)
  • 1814 – George-Étienne Cartier, Canadian politician (d. 1873)
  • 1815 – St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General (d. 1870)
  • 1817 – Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician (d. 1893)
  • 1829 – Marie Zakrzewska, Polish physician (d. 1902)
  • 1838 – Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator (d. 1906)
  • 1857 – Zelia Nuttall, American archeologist and historian (d. 1933)
  • 1860 – Jane Addams, American social worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1935)
  • 1868 – Heinrich Häberlin, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Felix Salten, Austrian author (d. 1945)
  • 1876 – John James Richard Macleod, Scottish-born physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • 1877 – Buddy Bolden, American musician (d. 1930)
  • 1879 – Joseph Wirth, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1888 – Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., American banker and diplomat (d. 1969)
  • 1890 – Clara Kimball Young, American actress (d. 1960)
  • 1892 – Sir Edward Appleton, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1893 – Claire Chennault, American pilot (d. 1958)
  • 1899 – Billy Rose, American composer (d. 1966)
  • 1900 – W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (d. 1979)
  • 1900 – Julien Green, French-born American novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1904 – Max Rosenbloom, American boxer (d. 1976)
  • 1906 – Luis Federico Leloir, French-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Michael Gordon, American actor and director (b. 1993)
  • 1911 – Harry Danning, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Franz Josef Strauß, German Politician (d. 1988)
  • 1917 – Philipp von Boeselager, German Wehrmacht officer, failed assassin of Adolf Hitler
  • 1919 – Wilson Greatbatch, American Inventor
  • 1921 – Carmen Laforet, Spanish author (d. 2004)
  • 1923 – King Peter II of Yugoslavia (d. 1970)
  • 1925 – Jimmy Reed, American blues singer (d. 1976)
  • 1926 – Maurice Prather, American motion picture and still photographer (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Claus von Amsberg, Prince Consort of the Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1928 – Robert M. Pirsig, American author
  • 1928 – Evgeny Svetlanov, Russian conductor and composer (d. 2002)
  • 1929 – Yash Johar, Indian film producer (d. 2005)
  • 1937 – Sergio Aragonés, Spanish-born illustrator
  • 1937 – Brigid Berlin, American actor
  • 1937 – Jo Anne Worley, American actress
  • 1939 – Susumu Tonegawa, Japanese molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1939 – Dan Cragg, American soldier and author
  • 1939 – David Allan Coe, American country singer
  • 1943 – Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1943 – Roger Waters, British musician (Pink Floyd)
  • 1944 – Swoosie Kurtz, American actress
  • 1945 – Larry Lucchino, American baseball executive
  • 1947 – Jane Curtin, American actress
  • 1947 – Bruce Rioch, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1954 – Ève Luquet, French stamp designer
  • 1956 – Bill Ritter, American politician
  • 1957 – Michaëlle Jean, 27th Governor-General of Canada
  • 1957 – José Sócrates, Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1958 – Jeff Foxworthy, American comedian
  • 1958 – Michael Winslow, American actor and comedian
  • 1958 – Buster Bloodvessel, British singer
  • 1958 – Nigel Westlake, Australian musician and composer
  • 1961 – Scott Travis, American musician (Judas Priest)
  • 1961 – Paul Waaktaar-Savoy, Norwegian musician (a-ha)
  • 1962 – Kevin Willis, American basketball player
  • 1962 – Elizabeth Vargas, American journalist
  • 1963 – Alice Sebold, American novelist
  • 1963 – Geert Wilders, Dutch politician
  • 1963 – Bryan Simonaire, American politician
  • 1963 – Pat Nevin, Scottish footballer
  • 1964 – Rosie Perez, American actress
  • 1965 – John Polson, Australian actor and film director
  • 1968 – Paul Rea, American television journalist
  • 1968 – Christopher Brookmyre, Scottish writer
  • 1969 – Ben Finegold, American chess player
  • 1969 – CeCe Peniston, American dance music singer
  • 1969 – Michellie Jones, Australian triathlete
  • 1970 – Paul Miller, American composer and author
  • 1971 – Devang Gandhi, Indian Cricketer
  • 1971 – Dolores O’Riordan, Irish musician (The Cranberries)
  • 1972 – China Miéville, English writer
  • 1972 – Justina Machado, Puerto Rican actress
  • 1972 – Anika Noni Rose, American actress and singer
  • 1972 – Idris Elba, English/American actor
  • 1972 – Dylan Bruno, American actor (Numb3rs)
  • 1973 – Carlo Cudicini, Italian footballer
  • 1973 – Greg Rusedski, Canadian-born tennis player
  • 1974 – Tim Henman, English tennis player
  • 1974 – Sarah Danielle Madison, American actress
  • 1974 – Nina Persson, Swedish musician (The Cardigans)
  • 1974 – Sarah Strange, Canadian actress
  • 1975 – Derrek Lee, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Justin Whalin, American actor
  • 1976 – N.O.R.E., American rapper
  • 1976 – Hyun Young, South Korean actress and pop singer
  • 1976 – Naomie Harris, American actress
  • 1977 – Kiyoshi Hikawa, Japanese enka singer
  • 1978 – Cisco Adler, American singer
  • 1978 – Alex Escobar, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1978 – Tony Thaxton, drummer (Motion City Soundtrack)
  • 1979 – Foxy Brown, American rapper
  • 1979 – Brandon Silvestry, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Massimo Maccarone, Italian footballer
  • 1979 – Carlos Adrián Morales, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Joseph Yobo, Nigerian footballer
  • 1980 – Yuji Hamano, Japanese archer
  • 1980 – Jillian Hall, American professional wrestler
  • 1980 – Samuel Peter, Nigerian heavyweight boxer
  • 1981 – Yumiko Cheng, Hong Kong singer
  • 1981 – Mark Teahen, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Ljubisa Bojic, Serbian student movement leader
  • 1985 – Webbie, American rapper
  • 1985 – Ali Ashfaq, Maldivian footballer
  • 1985 – Alberto Valerio, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1986 – Raven Riley, American porn star
  • 1989 – Nikos Boutzikos, Greek footballer
  • 2000 – Breanna Lynn Bartlett-Stewart, first Kleihauer-Betke stillbirth (d. 2000)
  • 2006 – Prince Hisahito of Akishino, Japan Imperial Family member

September 6 – Deaths:

  • 957 – Liudolf, Duke of Swabia
  • 972 – Pope John XIII
  • 1511 – Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1481)
  • 1536 – William Tyndale, Protestant bible translator (b. c. 1494)
  • 1625 – Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
  • 1635 – Metius, Dutch mathematician and astronomer (b. 1571)
  • 1649 – Robert Dudley, styled Earl of Warwick, English explorer and geographer (b. 1574)
  • 1683 – Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French minister finance (b. 1619)
  • 1708 – Sir John Morden, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1623)
  • 1748 – Edmund Gibson, English jurist (b. 1669)
  • 1782 – Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, wife of Thomas Jefferson (b. 1748)
  • 1783 – Bertinazzi, Italian actor and writer (b. 1710)
  • 1808 – Louis-Pierre Anquetil, French historian (b. 1723)
  • 1868 – Pierre Adolphe Rost, Louisiana judge, Confederate commissioner (b. 1797)
  • 1902 – Frederick Augustus Abel, English chemist (b. 1827)
  • 1907 – Sully Prudhomme, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1839)
  • 1938 – John Stuart Hindmarsh, British racing driver and aviator (b. 1907)
  • 1950 – Olaf Stapledon, British writer and philosopher (b. 1886)
  • 1951 – James W. Gerard, American jurist and diplomat (b. 1867)
  • 1952 – Gertrude Lawrence, English actress (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Hanns Eisler, German-born composer (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Seiichiro Kashio, Japanese tennis player (b. 1892)
  • 1966 – Margaret Sanger, American birth control activist (b. 1879)
  • 1966 – Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa (b. 1901)
  • 1969 – Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian football player (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Olga Baclanova, Russian-born actress (b. 1896)
  • 1978 – Tom Wilson, American record producer (b. 1931)
  • 1981 – Christy Brown, Irish author (b. 1932)
  • 1984 – Ernest Tubb, American singer (b. 1914)
  • 1985 – Johnny Desmond, American singer (b. 1919)
  • 1986 – Blanche Sweet, American actress (b. 1895)
  • 1987 – Quinn Martin, American television producer (b. 1922)
  • 1988 – Leroy Brown, professional wrestler (b. 1950)
  • 1990 – Len Hutton, English cricketer (b. 1916)
  • 1990 – Tom Fogerty, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 1991 – Bob Goldham, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1922)
  • 1994 – Nicky Hopkins, British musician (b. 1944)
  • 1997 – P. H. Newby, British author and BBC radio director (b. 1918)
  • 1998 – Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director (b. 1910)
  • 1999 – René Lecavalier, French Canadian sportscaster (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Carl Crack, German musician (Atari Teenage Riot) (b. 1971)
  • 2003 – Harry Goz, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Mohammad Oraz, Iranian mountain climber (b. 1969)
  • 2005 – Hasan Abidi, Pakistani journalist and Urdu poet (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Madeleine L’Engle, American author (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Alex, African Grey parrot “student” of Dr. Irene Pepperberg (b. 1976)

September 6 – Holidays:

  • Bulgaria – Unification Day.
  • Pakistan – Defence Day (Pak-Army Day) Since 1965
  • Swaziland – Independence Day (from the United Kingdom, 1968).
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