On This Day in History September 9

September 9 – Events:

  • 1000 – Battle of Svolder, Viking Age.
  • 1379 – Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
  • 1493 – Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
  • 1513 – James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden Field, ending Scotland’s involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai.
  • 1543 – Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is officially crowned “Queen of Scots” in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
  • 1739 – Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britains mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1776 – The Continental Congress officially names their new union of sovereign states the United States.
  • 1839 – John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
  • 1850 – California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.
  • 1850 – The Compromise of 1850 strips Texas of a third of its claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas’s pre-annexation debt.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • 1886 – The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized.
  • 1914 – World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
  • 1922 – Greek-Turkish war has ended with Turkish victory over the Greeks.
  • 1923 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People’s Party (CHP).
  • 1924 – Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • 1926 – The U.S. National Broadcasting Company formed.
  • 1942 – World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established.
  • 1945 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan formally surrenders to China.
  • 1947 – First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
  • 1948 – The Republic Day of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
  • 1965 – The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
  • 1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion in damages, becoming the first hurricane to top $1 billion in unadjusted damages.
  • 1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • 1969 – Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collided in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashed near Fairland, Indiana.
  • 1970 – A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and flown to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
  • 1971 – Attica Prison riots.
  • 1991 – Tajikstan gains independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
  • 1994 – Sachin Tendulkar scores his first ODI century against Australia in Sri Lanka.
  • 1999 – Playstation released in U.S.
  • 2001 – Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan.
  • 2004 – 2004 Australian embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.
  • 2007 – Wikipedia’s 2,000,000th article in the English language version.
  • 2007 – The Indy Pro Series race at Chicagoland Speedway records the closest finish in racing history, with Logan Gomez holding off his teammate Alex Lloyd by 0.0005 of a second, or 1.65 inches.

September 9 – Birthdays:

  • 214 – Aurelian, Roman Emperor (d. 275)
  • 384 – Flavius Honorius, Roman Emperor (d. 423)
  • 1349 – Duke Albert III of Austria (d. 1395)
  • 1427 – Thomas de Ros, 10th Baron de Ros, English politician (d. 1464)
  • 1466 – Ashikaga Yoshitane, Japanese shogun (d. 1523)
  • 1558 – Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (d. 1602)
  • 1585 – Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu, French statesman (d. 1642)
  • 1629 – Cornelis Tromp, Dutch admiral (d. 1691)
  • 1700 – Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
  • 1711 – Thomas Hutchinson, American colonial governor of Massachusetts (d. 1780)
  • 1731 – Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican writer (d. 1787)
  • 1737 – Luigi Galvani, Italian physician and physicist (d. 1798)
  • 1754 – William Bligh, British naval officer (d. 1817)
  • 1755 – Benjamin Bourne, American politician (d. 1808)
  • 1828 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (d. 1910)
  • 1834 – Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (d. 1903)
  • 1853 – Fred Spofforth, Australian cricketer (d. 1926)
  • 1855 – Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil exploration pioneer (d. 1921)
  • 1868 – Mary Hunter Austin, American writer (d. 1934)
  • 1873 – Max Reinhardt, German film director and actor (d. 1943)
  • 1877 – Frank Chance, American baseball player (d. 1924)
  • 1878 – Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
  • 1887 – Alf Landon, American politician (d. 1987)
  • 1882 – Clem McCarthy, American sportscaster (d. 1962)
  • 1890 – Harland Sanders, American fast-food entrepreneur (d. 1980)
  • 1892 – Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-born American actress (d. 1961)
  • 1894 – Arthur Freed, American songwriter and film producer (d. 1973)
  • 1894 – Bert Oldfield, Australian cricketer (d. 1976)
  • 1898 – Frankie Frisch, American baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Waite Hoyt, American baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Neil Hamilton, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1900 – James Hilton, English novelist (d. 1954)
  • 1899 – Bruno E. Jacob, Founder of the National Forensics League (d. 1979)
  • 1903 – Phyllis Whitney, American writer
  • 1904 – Feroze Khan, Pakistani field hockey player (d. 2005)
  • 1905 – Hussain Sha – Indian Saint, Philosopher ,Pithapuram
  • 1908 – Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (d. 1950)
  • 1911 – John Gorton, Australian politician (d. 2002)
  • 1911 – Paul Goodman, American poet and writer (d. 1972)
  • 1919 – Jimmy “the Greek” Snyder, American bookmaker and sports commentator (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Gottfried Dienst, German football referee
  • 1920 – Aldo Parisot, American cellist and teacher
  • 1920 – Robert Wood Johnson III, American philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • 1920 – Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician (d. 1993)
  • 1922 – Hans Georg Dehmelt, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1922 – Manolis Glezos, Greek politician and writer
  • 1922 – Hoyt Curtin, American songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1924 – Jane Greer, American actress (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Rik Van Steenbergen, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Cliff Robertson, American actor
  • 1926 – Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
  • 1927 – Elvin Jones, American jazz drummer (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Claude Nougaro, French singer (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Frank Lucas, Drug Lord
  • 1932 – Sylvia Miles, American actress
  • 1935 – Chaim Topol, Israeli actor
  • 1935 – Gopal Baratham, Singaporean author
  • 1939 – Bruce Gray, Puerto Rican actor
  • 1939 – Ron McDole, American football player
  • 1939 – Carlos Ortiz, Puerto Rican boxer
  • 1941 – Otis Redding, American singer and songwriter (d. 1967)
  • 1941 – Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist
  • 1942 – Inez Foxx, American R&B singer
  • 1943 – Art LaFleur, American actor
  • 1945 – Dee Dee Sharp, American R&B singer
  • 1946 – Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician (Buffalo Springfield) (d. 2004)
  • 1946 – Doug Ingle, Vocalist
  • 1947 – David Rosenboom, American composer
  • 1949 – Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian politician
  • 1949 – Garry Maddox, American baseball player
  • 1949 – Joe Theismann, American football player and commentator
  • 1951 – Alexander Downer, Australian politician
  • 1951 – Tom Wopat, American actor and singer
  • 1952 – Angela Cartwright, actress
  • 1952 – Manuel Göttsching, German musician (Ash Ra Tempel)
  • 1952 – David A. Stewart, English musician (Eurythmics)
  • 1954 – Jeffrey Combs, American actor
  • 1955 – John Kricfalusi, Canadian animator
  • 1957 – Pierre-Laurent Aimard, French pianist
  • 1957 – Gabriele Tredozi, Italian engineer
  • 1959 – Eric Serra, French composer
  • 1960 – Hugh Grant, English actor
  • 1960 – Mario Batali, American chef and restaurateur
  • 1960 – Bob Stoops, American football coach
  • 1965 – Dan Majerle, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Georg Hackl, German luger
  • 1966 – Adam Sandler, American actor and comedian
  • 1967 – Akshay Kumar, Indian Actor
  • 1967 – Anna Malle, American porn star (d. 2006)
  • 1967 – Chris Caffery, American guitarist and singer
  • 1968 – Francois Botha, South African boxer
  • 1968 – Jon Drummond, American former sprinter
  • 1968 – Julia Sawalha, English actress
  • 1969 – Rachel Hunter, New Zealand model and actress
  • 1969 – Constance Marie, American actress
  • 1970 – Natalia Streignard, Venezuelan actress
  • 1971 – Henry Thomas, American actor and musician
  • 1972 – James Farmer, American educator and artist
  • 1972 – Mike Hampton, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Natasha Kaplinsky, British newsreader
  • 1972 – Félix Rodríguez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1972 – Goran Višnjic, Croatian actor
  • 1973 – Mark Parry, Welsh guitarist (The Manvils)
  • 1973 – Kazuhisa Ishii, Japanese baseball player
  • 1974 – Shane Crawford, Australian rules footballer
  • 1974 – Mathias Färm, Swedish guitarist (Millencolin)
  • 1974 – Vikram Batra, Officer of the Indian Army
  • 1975 – Michael Bublé, Canadian singer and actor
  • 1976 – Chace Ambrose, American actor and writer
  • 1976 – Kristoffer Rygg, Norwegian musician (Ulver, ex-Borknagar)
  • 1976 – Juan A. Baptista, Venezuelan actor
  • 1976 – Aki Riihilahti, Finnish footballer
  • 1977 – Chae Jung-an, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977 – Soulja Slim, American rapper (d. 2003)
  • 1977 – Kyle Snyder, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1978 – Kurt Ainsworth, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1978 – Shane Battier, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Mariano Puerta, Argentine tennis player
  • 1979 – Nikki DeLoach, American actress and singer
  • 1980 – Todd Coffey, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Michelle Williams, American actress
  • 1981 – Julie Gonzalo, Argentinian actress
  • 1982 – Ai Otsuka, Japanese singer and songwriter
  • 1983 – Kyle Davies, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Edwin Jackson, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1983 – Sam Hollenbach, National Football League quarterback
  • 1983 – Cleveland Taylor, International footballer
  • 1984 – Delta Goodrem, Australian singer, actress
  • 1985 – J.R. Smith, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Luka Modric, Croatian footballer
  • 1986 – Justice Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1987 – Alexandre Song, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1990 – Melody Klaver, Dutch actress

September 9 – Deaths:

  • 546 – St. Ciarán of Clonmacnoise, Irish bishop
  • 701 – Pope Sergius I
  • 1000 – Olaf I of Norway
  • 1087 – King William I of England
  • 1398 – King James I of Cyprus (b. 1334)
  • 1487 – Chenghua, Emperor of China (b. 1447)
  • 1488 – Francis II, Duke of Brittany (fell from a horse) (b. 1433)
  • 1513 – King James IV of Scotland (b. 1473)
  • 1569 – Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Flemish painter
  • 1596 – Anna Jagiellon, Polish Queen
  • 1612 – Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese warlord (b. 1570)
  • 1676 – Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, French army officer and founder of Montreal (b. 1612)
  • 1680 – Henry Marten, English regicide (b. 1602)
  • 1755 – Johann Lorenz von Mosheim, German historian (b. 1694)
  • 1806 – William Paterson, Signer of the U.S. Constitution, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1745)
  • 1815 – John Singleton Copley, American painter (b. 1738)
  • 1841 – A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (b. 1778)
  • 1891 – Jules Grévy, President of France (b. 1813)
  • 1898 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
  • 1901 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (b. 1864)
  • 1907 – Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (b. 1840)
  • 1909 – Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad entrepreneur (b. 1848)
  • 1915 – Albert Spalding, American baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer (b. 1850)
  • 1941 – Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1869)
  • 1960 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (b. 1911)
  • 1969 – Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1976 – Mao Zedong, Leader of China (b. 1893)
  • 1978 – Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet (b. 1892)
  • 1978 – Jack Warner, Canadian-born film studio founder (b. 1892)
  • 1980 – John Howard Griffin, American writer (b. 1920)
  • 1981 – Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – Paul Flory, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1990 – Doc Cramer, American baseball player (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Samuel Doe, President of Liberia (b. 1951)
  • 1994 – Patrick O’Neal, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Bill Monroe, American bluegrass singer and composer (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – Richie Ashburn, American baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 1997 – Burgess Meredith, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Bill Cratty, American modern dancer and choreographer (b. 1951)
  • 1999 – Jim “Catfish” Hunter, American baseball player (b. 1946)
  • 1999 – Ruth Roman, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Julian Critchley, British politician (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – Ahmed Shah Massoud, Afghani military leader (b. 1953)
  • 2003 – Larry Hovis, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Edward Teller, Hungarian-born physicist (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Roland Sherwood “Ernie” Ball, American businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – John Wayne Glover, English serial killer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Gérard Brach, French screenwriter (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Richard Burmer, American composer, sound designer and electronic musician (b. 1955)
  • 2006 – Matt Gadsby, English footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – William B. Ziff, Jr., American publishing executive (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Hughie Thomasson, Noted American musician (b. 1952)

September 9-Holidays

  • Japan – Chrysanthemum Day (Kiku no Sekku).
  • North Korea – Republic Day (1948).
  • Tajikistan – Independence Day (from USSR, 1991).
  • California – Admission Day (to commemorate the state’s admission to the USA).
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